Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cyber Defence in permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH). Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Defence over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cyber Defence
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 337 602 314
Rank change year-on-year +265 -288 +40
Permanent jobs citing Cyber Defence 757 20 1
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.96% 0.053% 0.011%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.11% 0.14% 0.030%
Number of salaries quoted 43 15 1
10th Percentile - £55,000 -
25th Percentile £30,000 £55,625 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £67,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year -22.22% +28.57% -41.67%
75th Percentile £72,500 £74,000 £53,750
90th Percentile £75,500 £91,000 -
UK median annual salary £57,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -17.86% +7.69% +13.04%

Cyber Defence is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,821 14,489 3,363
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 45.52% 38.57% 37.77%
Number of salaries quoted 17,492 10,384 2,799
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £35,700
25th Percentile £46,750 £42,500 £43,125
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% - -4.17%
75th Percentile £83,125 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £61,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% -

Cyber Defence
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Cyber Defence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Cyber Defence trend for jobs with a WFH option

Cyber Defence
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Cyber Defence.

Cyber Defence salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Cyber Defence
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Cyber Defence over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Cyber Defence salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, Cyber Defence job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Cyber Defence.

1 710 (93.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
2 706 (93.26%) Finance
3 692 (91.41%) Cyberattack
4 684 (90.36%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
4 684 (90.36%) Threat Intelligence
5 386 (50.99%) Security Cleared
6 345 (45.57%) Python
7 335 (44.25%) Agile
8 314 (41.48%) Java
9 289 (38.18%) Software Engineering
10 257 (33.95%) SC Cleared
11 248 (32.76%) Linux
12 226 (29.85%) AWS
13 223 (29.46%) Digital Transformation Programme
14 218 (28.80%) Cybercrime
15 216 (28.53%) Docker
16 213 (28.14%) Social Skills
17 207 (27.34%) Public Sector
18 192 (25.36%) React
19 188 (24.83%) JavaScript
20 184 (24.31%) Project Management
21 180 (23.78%) Test Automation
22 178 (23.51%) Ansible
23 168 (22.19%) Problem-Solving
24 145 (19.15%) Law
25 139 (18.36%) Continuous Integration
26 137 (18.10%) Cybersecurity
27 135 (17.83%) Bash
28 132 (17.44%) DevOps
29 131 (17.31%) Git (software)

Cyber Defence
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (5.94%) Apache
2 43 (5.68%) Confluence
3 26 (3.43%) SharePoint
4 18 (2.38%) OpenStack
5 15 (1.98%) Apache Spark
6 14 (1.85%) JBoss
6 14 (1.85%) Tomcat
6 14 (1.85%) WebSphere
7 12 (1.59%) Jetty
7 12 (1.59%) WebSphere Application Server
8 6 (0.79%) nginx
8 6 (0.79%) WildFly
9 5 (0.66%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.40%) SAS
11 2 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
11 2 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2013
11 2 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 25 (3.30%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (1.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 12 (1.59%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.66%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (0.66%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 226 (29.85%) AWS
2 110 (14.53%) Azure
3 48 (6.34%) AWS CloudFormation
4 35 (4.62%) Amazon ECS
4 35 (4.62%) OpenShift
5 23 (3.04%) Microsoft 365
6 17 (2.25%) Cloud Computing
7 14 (1.85%) IaaS
7 14 (1.85%) PaaS
8 13 (1.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 13 (1.72%) Amazon MSK
8 13 (1.72%) AWS CloudTrail
8 13 (1.72%) Azure Machine Learning
9 9 (1.19%) SaaS
10 5 (0.66%) Azure Sentinel
10 5 (0.66%) GCP
10 5 (0.66%) SuccessFactors
11 4 (0.53%) Azure Active Directory
12 2 (0.26%) Mimecast
12 2 (0.26%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 57 (7.53%) TCP/IP
2 53 (7.00%) DHCP
3 42 (5.55%) Firewall
4 37 (4.89%) Network Security
4 37 (4.89%) SNA
4 37 (4.89%) Wireless
5 35 (4.62%) Software-Defined Networking
5 35 (4.62%) SSL
6 33 (4.36%) HTTP
6 33 (4.36%) IMAP
6 33 (4.36%) tcpdump
6 33 (4.36%) Wireshark
7 32 (4.23%) Reverse Proxy
8 27 (3.57%) DNS
9 17 (2.25%) VoIP
10 11 (1.45%) Software-Defined Radio
11 9 (1.19%) SAN
12 8 (1.06%) CATAPAN
13 7 (0.92%) NGFW
13 7 (0.92%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (15.59%) Big Data
2 52 (6.87%) Elasticsearch
3 48 (6.34%) PostgreSQL
4 44 (5.81%) Hadoop
5 43 (5.68%) NoSQL
6 34 (4.49%) MySQL
7 29 (3.83%) Metadata
8 21 (2.77%) GIS
9 19 (2.51%) MongoDB
10 18 (2.38%) InfluxDB
11 15 (1.98%) SQL Server
12 13 (1.72%) Amazon Aurora
12 13 (1.72%) Amazon RDS
13 11 (1.45%) Oracle ODI
14 7 (0.92%) Data Warehouse
14 7 (0.92%) Geospatial Data
15 5 (0.66%) BusinessObjects
16 4 (0.53%) Relational Database
17 2 (0.26%) HBase
17 2 (0.26%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 131 (17.31%) Git (software)
2 77 (10.17%) JIRA
3 66 (8.72%) Jenkins
4 33 (4.36%) Zephyr
5 28 (3.70%) GDB
6 22 (2.91%) Maven
7 19 (2.51%) Subversion
8 16 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 16 (2.11%) Bitbucket
9 15 (1.98%) Sonatype Nexus
10 14 (1.85%) TeamCity
11 13 (1.72%) Artifactory
11 13 (1.72%) Cucumber
11 13 (1.72%) Mercurial
11 13 (1.72%) SonarQube
12 10 (1.32%) IDA Disassembler
13 9 (1.19%) NUnit
14 7 (0.92%) REST Assured
14 7 (0.92%) Selenium
14 7 (0.92%) TestNG
General
1 710 (93.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
2 706 (93.26%) Finance
3 213 (28.14%) Social Skills
4 207 (27.34%) Public Sector
5 145 (19.15%) Law
6 80 (10.57%) Analytical Skills
7 72 (9.51%) Telecoms
8 46 (6.08%) Marketing
9 37 (4.89%) Banking
10 28 (3.70%) Police
11 23 (3.04%) Financial Institution
12 21 (2.77%) Military
13 18 (2.38%) Electronics
14 16 (2.11%) Manufacturing
15 14 (1.85%) Influencing Skills
16 6 (0.79%) Legal
17 5 (0.66%) Aerospace
17 5 (0.66%) Back Office
18 4 (0.53%) Organisational Skills
19 2 (0.26%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 206 (27.21%) Software Engineer
2 78 (10.30%) Security Engineer
3 73 (9.64%) Developer
4 69 (9.11%) Architect
5 46 (6.08%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 45 (5.94%) DevOps Engineer
7 44 (5.81%) Systems Engineer
8 41 (5.42%) Lead Software Engineer
9 36 (4.76%) Cloud Engineer
9 36 (4.76%) Java Developer
10 31 (4.10%) Software Developer
11 29 (3.83%) Solutions Architect
12 28 (3.70%) Software Test Engineer
12 28 (3.70%) Test Engineer
13 26 (3.43%) Technical Leader
14 25 (3.30%) Data Engineer
15 21 (2.77%) Scrum Master
16 19 (2.51%) Embedded Engineer
16 19 (2.51%) Graduate
16 19 (2.51%) Systems Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 192 (25.36%) React
2 85 (11.23%) HTML
3 82 (10.83%) Kafka
4 70 (9.25%) Node.js
5 58 (7.66%) Apache NiFi
6 56 (7.40%) HTML5
7 48 (6.34%) Spring
8 42 (5.55%) CSS
9 38 (5.02%) Redux
10 37 (4.89%) AngularJS
11 34 (4.49%) Apache Camel
12 33 (4.36%) REST
13 29 (3.83%) Keycloak
14 28 (3.70%) TensorFlow
15 25 (3.30%) Spring Boot
16 22 (2.91%) .NET
16 22 (2.91%) jQuery
17 20 (2.64%) CSS3
18 18 (2.38%) Elastic Stack
19 17 (2.25%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 692 (91.41%) Cyberattack
2 218 (28.80%) Cybercrime
3 64 (8.45%) Cyberthreat
4 42 (5.55%) Smartphone
5 40 (5.28%) Linux Command Line
6 37 (4.89%) Social Media
6 37 (4.89%) Social Network
7 35 (4.62%) Cloud Native
8 33 (4.36%) User Experience
9 32 (4.23%) Management Information System
10 28 (3.70%) Embedded Systems
11 26 (3.43%) FPGA
12 24 (3.17%) Replication
13 23 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
14 17 (2.25%) Private Cloud
15 15 (1.98%) Acoustics
16 14 (1.85%) Public Cloud
17 11 (1.45%) Reference Data
18 10 (1.32%) IoT
18 10 (1.32%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 248 (32.76%) Linux
2 108 (14.27%) Windows
3 36 (4.76%) Android
3 36 (4.76%) CentOS
4 32 (4.23%) Ubuntu
5 25 (3.30%) Windows Server
6 19 (2.51%) Kali Linux
7 15 (1.98%) Apple iOS
7 15 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (1.85%) Unix
9 9 (1.19%) Windows 10
9 9 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (1.06%) Embedded Linux
11 7 (0.92%) VMS
12 6 (0.79%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.66%) Windows Phone
14 4 (0.53%) Windows Server 2016
15 3 (0.40%) Debian
15 3 (0.40%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 684 (90.36%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
1 684 (90.36%) Threat Intelligence
2 335 (44.25%) Agile
3 289 (38.18%) Software Engineering
4 223 (29.46%) Digital Transformation Programme
5 184 (24.31%) Project Management
6 180 (23.78%) Test Automation
7 168 (22.19%) Problem-Solving
8 139 (18.36%) Continuous Integration
9 137 (18.10%) Cybersecurity
10 132 (17.44%) DevOps
11 124 (16.38%) CI/CD
12 114 (15.06%) Coaching
13 112 (14.80%) Scrum
14 104 (13.74%) Mentoring
15 90 (11.89%) Decision-Making
16 87 (11.49%) Analytics
17 84 (11.10%) Artificial Intelligence
17 84 (11.10%) Open Source
18 81 (10.70%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 345 (45.57%) Python
2 314 (41.48%) Java
3 188 (24.83%) JavaScript
4 135 (17.83%) Bash
5 131 (17.31%) C++
6 82 (10.83%) TypeScript
7 53 (7.00%) Go
8 52 (6.87%) Scala
9 51 (6.74%) C
10 50 (6.61%) Groovy
11 46 (6.08%) SQL
12 35 (4.62%) C#
12 35 (4.62%) Shell Script
13 34 (4.49%) MATLAB
14 23 (3.04%) Ruby
15 17 (2.25%) R
16 16 (2.11%) PowerShell
17 9 (1.19%) Perl
18 8 (1.06%) PL/SQL
19 6 (0.79%) ES6
Qualifications
1 386 (50.99%) Security Cleared
2 257 (33.95%) SC Cleared
3 64 (8.45%) Degree
4 43 (5.68%) PhD
5 35 (4.62%) AWS Certification
5 35 (4.62%) ISTQB
5 35 (4.62%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 35 (4.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 15 (1.98%) DV Cleared
7 10 (1.32%) CCA
8 9 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
8 9 (1.19%) OSCP
9 8 (1.06%) CCNA
9 8 (1.06%) CREST Certified
9 8 (1.06%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 7 (0.92%) CISSP
11 5 (0.66%) CISM
11 5 (0.66%) GCFA
11 5 (0.66%) GCIH
12 4 (0.53%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 69 (9.11%) QA
2 18 (2.38%) Data Quality
3 17 (2.25%) ECSS
4 7 (0.92%) Cyber Essentials
5 6 (0.79%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 6 (0.79%) GDPR
5 6 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.66%) Accessibility
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 14001
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.13%) NCSC
7 1 (0.13%) NIST
7 1 (0.13%) SLA
System Software
1 216 (28.53%) Docker
2 73 (9.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 69 (9.11%) Active Directory
4 47 (6.21%) Firmware
5 36 (4.76%) vSphere
6 28 (3.70%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (1.06%) KVM
8 8 (1.06%) Xen
9 7 (0.92%) BitLocker
10 6 (0.79%) XenApp
10 6 (0.79%) XenDesktop
11 4 (0.53%) Postfix
12 1 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 178 (23.51%) Ansible
2 86 (11.36%) Kubernetes
3 74 (9.78%) Terraform
4 58 (7.66%) Puppet
5 43 (5.68%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (4.36%) HP ALM
7 32 (4.23%) Docker Swarm
8 31 (4.10%) Grafana
9 30 (3.96%) vCenter Server
10 18 (2.38%) Kibana
10 18 (2.38%) Single Sign-On
11 15 (1.98%) yum
12 14 (1.85%) Prometheus
13 13 (1.72%) Sysdig
14 9 (1.19%) Panaseer
15 8 (1.06%) logstash
16 7 (0.92%) CSIRT
16 7 (0.92%) Nagios
17 4 (0.53%) Pacemaker
17 4 (0.53%) vRealize
Vendors
1 80 (10.57%) VMware
2 63 (8.32%) Microsoft
3 50 (6.61%) Atlassian
4 47 (6.21%) HP
5 44 (5.81%) Perforce
6 32 (4.23%) Oracle
7 27 (3.57%) Red Hat
8 19 (2.51%) Splunk
9 17 (2.25%) Google
9 17 (2.25%) Veeam
10 14 (1.85%) Cisco
11 13 (1.72%) Dell
12 11 (1.45%) Ab Initio
12 11 (1.45%) Informatica
13 9 (1.19%) CyberTech
14 8 (1.06%) Citrix
15 7 (0.92%) ArcSight
15 7 (0.92%) SolarWinds
15 7 (0.92%) Symantec
15 7 (0.92%) T-Plan