Period
to 13 December 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cyber Defence in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Defence over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cyber Defence
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1010 1088 1040
Rank change year-on-year +78 -48 +165
Permanent jobs citing Cyber Defence 123 116 188
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.077% 0.065% 0.10%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.18% 0.16% 0.26%
Number of salaries quoted 81 87 160
UK median annual salary £57,500 £70,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -17.86% +16.67% -5.88%
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,250 £41,925
90th Percentile £90,000 £91,250 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £45,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -11.11% -18.18% -21.43%

Cyber Defence is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 66,799 74,000 73,311
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.83% 41.18% 39.66%
Number of salaries quoted 51,414 55,931 59,984
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,198
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Cyber Defence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyber Defence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyber Defence in the UK

Cyber Defence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cyber Defence.

Salary trend for Cyber Defence in the UK

Cyber Defence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cyber Defence over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Cyber Defence in the UK

Cyber Defence
Top 10 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cyber Defence within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +57 120 £57,500 -17.86% 13
UK excluding London +93 83 £40,000 -11.11% 17
East of England +77 47 £35,000 -16.67% 5
London +32 37 £80,000 +6.67% 5
South West +20 19 £55,000 +139.13% 1
North of England +45 8 £40,000 +33.33% 2
South East +8 8 £75,000 +15.38%
North West +21 7 £40,000 +33.33% 2
Scotland - 1 - - 1
Yorkshire - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Cyber Defence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cyber Defence.

1 71 (57.72%) Cybersecurity
2 57 (46.34%) SIEM
3 55 (44.72%) Security Operations
4 52 (42.28%) Firewall
5 42 (34.15%) CISSP
5 42 (34.15%) Information Security
6 40 (32.52%) Security Operations Centre
7 39 (31.71%) CEH
8 35 (28.46%) Threat Intelligence
9 34 (27.64%) Analytical Skills
9 34 (27.64%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
10 32 (26.02%) Cyberthreat
10 32 (26.02%) Cyber Intelligence
11 31 (25.20%) Python
12 30 (24.39%) Cisco Certification
13 29 (23.58%) CCNA
13 29 (23.58%) Analytics
13 29 (23.58%) Problem-Solving
14 28 (22.76%) GCIA
14 28 (22.76%) GCIH
15 27 (21.95%) GCFA
15 27 (21.95%) Qualys
15 27 (21.95%) Self-Motivation
15 27 (21.95%) GREM
16 26 (21.14%) Incident Management
16 26 (21.14%) Risk Management
16 26 (21.14%) Java
17 25 (20.33%) Retail
17 25 (20.33%) GSEC
17 25 (20.33%) Wireshark

Cyber Defence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (3.25%) MS Exchange
1 4 (3.25%) WebSphere
2 3 (2.44%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (0.81%) Apache
3 1 (0.81%) Apache Spark
3 1 (0.81%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.81%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 9 (7.32%) Amazon AWS
1 9 (7.32%) Microsoft Azure
2 4 (3.25%) Google Cloud Platform
2 4 (3.25%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 52 (42.28%) Firewall
2 25 (20.33%) Wireshark
3 10 (8.13%) TCP/IP
4 8 (6.50%) HTTP
4 8 (6.50%) Intrusion Detection
4 8 (6.50%) Network Security
5 7 (5.69%) SSL
6 4 (3.25%) AMQP
6 4 (3.25%) HTTPS
6 4 (3.25%) Kerberos
6 4 (3.25%) Reverse Proxy
6 4 (3.25%) SAN
7 3 (2.44%) Sourcefire
8 2 (1.63%) FTP
8 2 (1.63%) IPsec
8 2 (1.63%) VPN
9 1 (0.81%) IMAP
9 1 (0.81%) SMTP
9 1 (0.81%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (8.94%) Big Data
2 7 (5.69%) MongoDB
3 4 (3.25%) SQL Server
4 2 (1.63%) Hadoop
4 2 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 5 (4.07%) Cucumber
1 5 (4.07%) Selenium
2 4 (3.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
2 4 (3.25%) AutoIt
2 4 (3.25%) Jenkins
2 4 (3.25%) JIRA
2 4 (3.25%) WebDriver
3 1 (0.81%) Git (software)
3 1 (0.81%) JMeter
3 1 (0.81%) LoadRunner
3 1 (0.81%) Metasploit
General
1 25 (20.33%) Retail
2 12 (9.76%) Finance
3 7 (5.69%) Law
4 5 (4.07%) Marketing
5 4 (3.25%) Banking
6 2 (1.63%) Electronics
6 2 (1.63%) Manufacturing
6 2 (1.63%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.81%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 48 (39.02%) Analyst
2 17 (13.82%) Consultant
3 16 (13.01%) Cyber Defence Analyst
4 13 (10.57%) Tester
5 11 (8.94%) Penetration Tester
6 10 (8.13%) Security Consultant
7 9 (7.32%) Developer
8 8 (6.50%) Senior Consultant
9 7 (5.69%) Security Analyst
9 7 (5.69%) Software Engineer
10 5 (4.07%) Software Developer
11 4 (3.25%) CISSP Consultant
11 4 (3.25%) Principal Consultant
11 4 (3.25%) Principal Security Consultant
11 4 (3.25%) Security Specialist
11 4 (3.25%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
11 4 (3.25%) Senior Developer
11 4 (3.25%) Senior Security Specialist
11 4 (3.25%) Senior Technical Consultant
11 4 (3.25%) Technical Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (6.50%) SOAP
2 7 (5.69%) Node.js
2 7 (5.69%) RESTful
3 6 (4.88%) AngularJS
4 5 (4.07%) HTML
4 5 (4.07%) SAML
5 4 (3.25%) EJB
5 4 (3.25%) Hibernate
5 4 (3.25%) J2EE
5 4 (3.25%) Java EE
5 4 (3.25%) LDAP
5 4 (3.25%) OAuth
5 4 (3.25%) REST
5 4 (3.25%) Spring
5 4 (3.25%) Web Services
6 2 (1.63%) Entity Framework
6 2 (1.63%) WPF
7 1 (0.81%) .NET Framework
7 1 (0.81%) Gherkin
7 1 (0.81%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 40 (32.52%) Security Operations Centre
2 34 (27.64%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (26.02%) Cyberthreat
4 27 (21.95%) Self-Motivation
5 24 (19.51%) Cyber Kill Chain
6 13 (10.57%) Cyberattack
7 10 (8.13%) Cybercrime
8 7 (5.69%) Fintech
9 6 (4.88%) Management Information System
10 4 (3.25%) FMCG
11 3 (2.44%) User Experience
12 2 (1.63%) Blog
12 2 (1.63%) Device Driver
12 2 (1.63%) Virtual Team
13 1 (0.81%) Analytical Mindset
13 1 (0.81%) CESG
13 1 (0.81%) PKI
13 1 (0.81%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 22 (17.89%) Linux
2 20 (16.26%) Windows
3 6 (4.88%) Unix
4 3 (2.44%) Windows Server
5 2 (1.63%) Android
5 2 (1.63%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.81%) CentOS
6 1 (0.81%) Kali Linux
6 1 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.81%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 71 (57.72%) Cybersecurity
2 57 (46.34%) SIEM
3 55 (44.72%) Security Operations
4 42 (34.15%) Information Security
5 35 (28.46%) Threat Intelligence
6 34 (27.64%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 32 (26.02%) Cyber Intelligence
8 29 (23.58%) Analytics
8 29 (23.58%) Problem-Solving
9 26 (21.14%) Incident Management
9 26 (21.14%) Risk Management
10 25 (20.33%) Data Loss Prevention
10 25 (20.33%) Identity Access Management
11 24 (19.51%) Event Correlation
11 24 (19.51%) Information Management
11 24 (19.51%) Security Management
12 16 (13.01%) Penetration Testing
12 16 (13.01%) Root Cause Analysis
13 14 (11.38%) Agile Software Development
13 14 (11.38%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 31 (25.20%) Python
2 26 (21.14%) Java
3 21 (17.07%) C++
4 20 (16.26%) Perl
5 19 (15.45%) C
6 13 (10.57%) Ruby
7 12 (9.76%) C#
8 8 (6.50%) SQL
9 7 (5.69%) JavaScript
10 4 (3.25%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 42 (34.15%) CISSP
2 39 (31.71%) CEH
3 30 (24.39%) Cisco Certification
4 29 (23.58%) CCNA
5 28 (22.76%) GCIA
5 28 (22.76%) GCIH
6 27 (21.95%) GCFA
6 27 (21.95%) GREM
7 25 (20.33%) GSEC
8 24 (19.51%) GCFE
9 17 (13.82%) Security Cleared
10 14 (11.38%) SANS
11 13 (10.57%) CREST Certified
12 10 (8.13%) DV Cleared
12 10 (8.13%) SC Cleared
13 9 (7.32%) Degree
14 8 (6.50%) OSCP
15 6 (4.88%) CISM
16 5 (4.07%) CISA
16 5 (4.07%) GWAPT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (4.07%) COBIT
2 4 (3.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (3.25%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.81%) GDPR
3 1 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
3 1 (0.81%) QA
System Software
1 6 (4.88%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.81%) Snort
Systems Management
1 24 (19.51%) RSA Security Analytics
1 24 (19.51%) Stealthwatch
2 2 (1.63%) CASB
2 2 (1.63%) CSIRT
2 2 (1.63%) Host Intrusion Detection System
2 2 (1.63%) QRadar
3 1 (0.81%) Ansible
3 1 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.81%) Nagios
3 1 (0.81%) Nessus
3 1 (0.81%) Nmap
3 1 (0.81%) OpenView
3 1 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 27 (21.95%) Qualys
2 25 (20.33%) Splunk
3 24 (19.51%) CheckPoint
3 24 (19.51%) Symantec
4 9 (7.32%) Cisco
5 8 (6.50%) Microsoft
6 5 (4.07%) Oracle
7 4 (3.25%) Google
8 3 (2.44%) Citrix
8 3 (2.44%) Darktrace
8 3 (2.44%) VMware
9 2 (1.63%) Forcepoint
9 2 (1.63%) HP
9 2 (1.63%) SAP
10 1 (0.81%) ArcSight
10 1 (0.81%) IBM
10 1 (0.81%) Intel
10 1 (0.81%) Juniper
10 1 (0.81%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.81%) Remedy