Period
to 1 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cyber Defence in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Defence over the 6 months to 1 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cyber Defence
UK
6 months to
1 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 910 693 889
Rank change year-on-year -217 +196 +171
Permanent jobs citing Cyber Defence 145 32 169
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.058% 0.13%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.28% 0.17% 0.36%
Number of salaries quoted 116 25 124
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,750 £32,375
25th Percentile £52,267 £57,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
75th Percentile £95,000 £76,250 £78,319
90th Percentile £96,250 £89,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,750 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -6.54% - +44.44%

Cyber Defence is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 52,343 19,250 47,206
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.53% 34.85% 35.37%
Number of salaries quoted 31,841 15,999 36,554
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £74,448
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% -

Cyber Defence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyber Defence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyber Defence in the UK

Cyber Defence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cyber Defence.

Salary trend for Cyber Defence in the UK

Cyber Defence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cyber Defence over the 6 months to 1 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Cyber Defence in the UK

Cyber Defence
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cyber Defence within the UK over the 6 months to 1 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -201 136 £65,000 - 13
UK excluding London -150 85 £60,750 -6.54% 14
London -219 40 £70,000 +7.69% 1
South East -120 31 £92,500 +54.17% 4
East of England -90 16 £27,500 -
North of England -118 16 £50,000 -31.03% 2
South West -57 14 £63,750 -30.71% 5
Work from Home -253 12 £68,750 -38.89% 2
North West -92 8 £44,306 -38.89% 1
Midlands -108 7 £45,000 -30.77% 1
Yorkshire - 6 £50,000 - 1
East Midlands -65 4 £45,000 -38.98%
West Midlands - 3 £75,000 - 1
Scotland -68 2 £51,569 +55.09% 1
North East - 2 £60,000 -

For the 6 months to 1 December 2021, IT jobs citing Cyber Defence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cyber Defence.

1 101 (69.66%) Cybersecurity
2 54 (37.24%) SIEM
3 50 (34.48%) Finance
4 42 (28.97%) Security Operations
5 34 (23.45%) Python
5 34 (23.45%) Analytics
6 32 (22.07%) Information Security
7 30 (20.69%) Cyberthreat
8 29 (20.00%) Security Cleared
8 29 (20.00%) Agile Software Development
9 26 (17.93%) Windows
10 25 (17.24%) Degree
11 24 (16.55%) Social Skills
12 23 (15.86%) Regular Expression
13 21 (14.48%) Active Directory
14 20 (13.79%) Software Engineering
15 19 (13.10%) SC Cleared
15 19 (13.10%) Cybercrime
16 18 (12.41%) Splunk
16 18 (12.41%) JSON
17 17 (11.72%) SNA
17 17 (11.72%) Security Architecture
17 17 (11.72%) Network Security
17 17 (11.72%) Hyper-V
17 17 (11.72%) Cyberattack
17 17 (11.72%) Task Automation
18 16 (11.03%) Virtual Machines
18 16 (11.03%) Mentoring
18 16 (11.03%) PowerShell
18 16 (11.03%) Azure

Cyber Defence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (9.66%) IIS
2 8 (5.52%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (4.83%) Apache Spark
4 2 (1.38%) SharePoint
Cloud Services
1 16 (11.03%) AWS
1 16 (11.03%) Azure
2 8 (5.52%) Microsoft 365
3 7 (4.83%) GCP
4 3 (2.07%) Azure Key Vault
4 3 (2.07%) Azure Storage
4 3 (2.07%) Cloud Computing
4 3 (2.07%) IaaS
4 3 (2.07%) Mimecast
4 3 (2.07%) PaaS
4 3 (2.07%) SaaS
5 2 (1.38%) Sumo Logic
6 1 (0.69%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 17 (11.72%) Network Security
1 17 (11.72%) SNA
2 14 (9.66%) HTTP
3 13 (8.97%) Firewall
3 13 (8.97%) Internet
4 8 (5.52%) Sourcefire
5 6 (4.14%) DNS
6 5 (3.45%) DHCP
7 3 (2.07%) LAN
7 3 (2.07%) SD-WAN
7 3 (2.07%) Unified Communications
7 3 (2.07%) VPN
7 3 (2.07%) WAN
7 3 (2.07%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (1.38%) Cisco Firepower
8 2 (1.38%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (1.38%) NAS
8 2 (1.38%) tcpdump
8 2 (1.38%) VLAN
8 2 (1.38%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (8.28%) Big Data
2 8 (5.52%) MongoDB
3 4 (2.76%) Apache Cassandra
3 4 (2.76%) Apache Hive
3 4 (2.76%) Hadoop
3 4 (2.76%) HBase
3 4 (2.76%) NoSQL
General
1 50 (34.48%) Finance
2 24 (16.55%) Social Skills
3 10 (6.90%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (6.21%) Legal
4 9 (6.21%) Public Sector
5 8 (5.52%) Manufacturing
6 6 (4.14%) Police
6 6 (4.14%) Retail
6 6 (4.14%) Telecoms
7 5 (3.45%) Billing
8 4 (2.76%) Marketing
8 4 (2.76%) Military
9 3 (2.07%) Electronics
9 3 (2.07%) Influencing Skills
9 3 (2.07%) Local Government
10 2 (1.38%) Banking
11 1 (0.69%) Documentation Skills
11 1 (0.69%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.69%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 1 (0.69%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 27 (18.62%) Analyst
2 25 (17.24%) Consultant
3 17 (11.72%) Analytics Manager
3 17 (11.72%) Engineering Manager
3 17 (11.72%) Network Engineering Manager
3 17 (11.72%) Network Manager
3 17 (11.72%) Platform Manager
4 16 (11.03%) SOC Engineer
5 15 (10.34%) Security Consultant
6 14 (9.66%) Cybersecurity Consultant
6 14 (9.66%) SOC Specialist
7 9 (6.21%) Security Analyst
7 9 (6.21%) Senior Analyst
8 8 (5.52%) Cyber Defence Analyst
8 8 (5.52%) Cybersecurity Analyst
8 8 (5.52%) SOC Consultant
9 6 (4.14%) Security Engineer
9 6 (4.14%) Senior Consultant
9 6 (4.14%) SOC Analyst
9 6 (4.14%) Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (15.86%) Regular Expression
2 18 (12.41%) JSON
3 14 (9.66%) LDAP
4 9 (6.21%) HTML
5 8 (5.52%) Lucene
6 7 (4.83%) Kafka
7 5 (3.45%) Yocto
8 4 (2.76%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 30 (20.69%) Cyberthreat
2 19 (13.10%) Cybercrime
3 17 (11.72%) Cyberattack
4 8 (5.52%) Internet of Things
4 8 (5.52%) Linux Command Line
5 6 (4.14%) Security Operations Centre
6 5 (3.45%) Digital Media
6 5 (3.45%) Management Information System
6 5 (3.45%) Mobile App
7 4 (2.76%) Cloud Native
7 4 (2.76%) Data Centre
8 3 (2.07%) Cyber Kill Chain
8 3 (2.07%) Data Protection Act
8 3 (2.07%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.38%) Driving Licence
10 1 (0.69%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 1 (0.69%) Hybrid Cloud
10 1 (0.69%) Public Cloud
10 1 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
10 1 (0.69%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 26 (17.93%) Windows
2 8 (5.52%) Linux
2 8 (5.52%) Unix
3 5 (3.45%) Embedded Linux
4 3 (2.07%) Windows 10
4 3 (2.07%) Windows Server
5 2 (1.38%) Kali Linux
5 2 (1.38%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 101 (69.66%) Cybersecurity
2 54 (37.24%) SIEM
3 42 (28.97%) Security Operations
4 34 (23.45%) Analytics
5 32 (22.07%) Information Security
6 29 (20.00%) Agile Software Development
7 20 (13.79%) Software Engineering
8 17 (11.72%) Security Architecture
8 17 (11.72%) Task Automation
9 16 (11.03%) Mentoring
10 15 (10.34%) Threat Detection
11 14 (9.66%) Information Management
11 14 (9.66%) Network Packet Capture
11 14 (9.66%) Security Monitoring
12 13 (8.97%) DevOps
12 13 (8.97%) Vulnerability Management
13 12 (8.28%) Cyber Intelligence
14 11 (7.59%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
14 11 (7.59%) Threat Intelligence
14 11 (7.59%) Threat Management
Programming Languages
1 34 (23.45%) Python
2 16 (11.03%) PowerShell
3 11 (7.59%) JavaScript
4 9 (6.21%) Perl
4 9 (6.21%) Shell Script
4 9 (6.21%) SQL
5 5 (3.45%) C++
5 5 (3.45%) Java
6 4 (2.76%) Bash Shell
7 1 (0.69%) C
Qualifications
1 29 (20.00%) Security Cleared
2 25 (17.24%) Degree
3 19 (13.10%) SC Cleared
4 14 (9.66%) DV Cleared
5 10 (6.90%) CISSP
6 7 (4.83%) CISM
7 6 (4.14%) SANS
7 6 (4.14%) SSCP
8 5 (3.45%) CCIE
8 5 (3.45%) CCIE Security
8 5 (3.45%) CCNA
8 5 (3.45%) CCNP
8 5 (3.45%) CCSP
8 5 (3.45%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (3.45%) CSSLP
8 5 (3.45%) OSCE
8 5 (3.45%) OSWP
9 4 (2.76%) OSCP
10 3 (2.07%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (2.07%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (8.28%) NIST
2 9 (6.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (5.52%) SLA
4 6 (4.14%) GDPR
4 6 (4.14%) NCSC
5 5 (3.45%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (2.07%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 2 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (1.38%) QA
8 1 (0.69%) GRC
System Software
1 21 (14.48%) Active Directory
2 17 (11.72%) Hyper-V
3 16 (11.03%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (9.66%) NFS
4 14 (9.66%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (3.45%) Firmware
6 4 (2.76%) HDFS
7 2 (1.38%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (1.38%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 5 (3.45%) Kubernetes
2 3 (2.07%) Microsoft Intune
3 2 (1.38%) Host Intrusion Detection System
3 2 (1.38%) Nagios
3 2 (1.38%) Nessus
3 2 (1.38%) Network Intrusion Detection System
3 2 (1.38%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 18 (12.41%) Splunk
2 16 (11.03%) VMware
3 13 (8.97%) Cisco
4 8 (5.52%) Microsoft
5 6 (4.14%) CrowdStrike
6 3 (2.07%) Forcepoint
6 3 (2.07%) LogRhythm
6 3 (2.07%) Meraki
6 3 (2.07%) SAP
6 3 (2.07%) Sophos
6 3 (2.07%) Symantec
6 3 (2.07%) Zscaler
7 2 (1.38%) ArcSight
7 2 (1.38%) Dell
7 2 (1.38%) HP
7 2 (1.38%) Qualys
7 2 (1.38%) SolarWinds
8 1 (0.69%) AlienVault
8 1 (0.69%) BT