Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 105 141 113
Rank change year-on-year +36 -28 0
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 92 116 156
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.86% 1.70% 2.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.11% 1.93% 2.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 62 89 124
City of London median daily rate £494 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.95% +2.44% +3.80%
10th Percentile £363 £394 £375
90th Percentile £700 £663 £621
Central London median daily rate £500 £525 £513
% change year-on-year -4.76% +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,359 6,020 6,370
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.11% 88.14% 89.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,341 4,706 5,091
City of London median daily rate £513 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £319 £315 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £508 £513 £500
% change year-on-year -0.98% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 66 65
City of London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.25 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +2.94% -9.88%
10th Percentile £12.11 £13.00 £11.69
90th Percentile £52.25 £36.05 £34.95
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +10.53%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 87 (94.57%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (40.22%) Finance
3 19 (20.65%) Scrum
3 19 (20.65%) SDLC
4 18 (19.57%) SQL
5 17 (18.48%) Project Management
5 17 (18.48%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (16.30%) Microsoft Excel
6 15 (16.30%) Azure
7 14 (15.22%) XML
8 13 (14.13%) Java
8 13 (14.13%) JavaScript
8 13 (14.13%) User Acceptance Testing
8 13 (14.13%) Problem-Solving
9 12 (13.04%) Workshop Facilitation
9 12 (13.04%) DevOps
9 12 (13.04%) Security Cleared
9 12 (13.04%) Business Analysis
10 11 (11.96%) Data Analysis
10 11 (11.96%) SC Cleared
10 11 (11.96%) SQL Server
10 11 (11.96%) Project Delivery
11 10 (10.87%) User Experience
11 10 (10.87%) Microsoft
11 10 (10.87%) Kanban
12 9 (9.78%) Degree
12 9 (9.78%) HTML
12 9 (9.78%) Microsoft Project
12 9 (9.78%) Data Governance
12 9 (9.78%) User Stories

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (5.43%) WebLogic
1 5 (5.43%) WebSphere
2 3 (3.26%) OpenStack
3 2 (2.17%) Cloud Foundry
3 2 (2.17%) Confluence
3 2 (2.17%) Ethereum
3 2 (2.17%) Hyperledger
4 1 (1.09%) JBoss
4 1 (1.09%) MQSeries
4 1 (1.09%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 15 (16.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (9.78%) Microsoft Project
3 7 (7.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (7.61%) MS Visio
4 5 (5.43%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (1.09%) InVision
5 1 (1.09%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 2 (2.17%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (2.17%) Oracle EBS
1 2 (2.17%) R3 Corda
2 1 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle Assets
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle EBS R12
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle Financials
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle General Ledger
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle iProcurement
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle Payables
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle Receivables
2 1 (1.09%) Oracle Retail
2 1 (1.09%) PeopleSoft Financials
2 1 (1.09%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 15 (16.30%) Azure
2 5 (5.43%) AWS
3 4 (4.35%) GitHub
3 4 (4.35%) IaaS
3 4 (4.35%) PaaS
3 4 (4.35%) SaaS
4 3 (3.26%) OpenShift
4 3 (3.26%) Power Platform
5 2 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
5 2 (2.17%) Amazon ELB
5 2 (2.17%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (1.09%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (1.09%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 4 (4.35%) HTTP
2 2 (2.17%) Firewall
2 2 (2.17%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
2 2 (2.17%) VPN
2 2 (2.17%) WAN
2 2 (2.17%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (1.09%) 4G
3 1 (1.09%) Broadband
3 1 (1.09%) DNS
3 1 (1.09%) Internet
3 1 (1.09%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (11.96%) SQL Server
2 9 (9.78%) Relational Database
3 7 (7.61%) Crystal Reports
3 7 (7.61%) Data Mining
3 7 (7.61%) QlikView
4 3 (3.26%) Power BI
5 2 (2.17%) Blockchain
5 2 (2.17%) NoSQL
5 2 (2.17%) RDBMS
6 1 (1.09%) Big Data
6 1 (1.09%) BusinessObjects
6 1 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (1.09%) Oracle Database
6 1 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 7 (7.61%) Git (software)
1 7 (7.61%) JIRA
2 6 (6.52%) Cucumber
2 6 (6.52%) Team Foundation Server
3 4 (4.35%) Ant
3 4 (4.35%) git-flow
3 4 (4.35%) Gradle
3 4 (4.35%) Jenkins
3 4 (4.35%) JMeter
3 4 (4.35%) JUnit
3 4 (4.35%) Maven
3 4 (4.35%) Mockito
3 4 (4.35%) Selenium
4 3 (3.26%) Fiddler
4 3 (3.26%) Postman
4 3 (3.26%) TeamCity
4 3 (3.26%) Visual Studio Team System
4 3 (3.26%) WebDriver
5 2 (2.17%) SpecFlow
6 1 (1.09%) Axure RP
General
1 37 (40.22%) Finance
2 6 (6.52%) Banking
2 6 (6.52%) Front Office
3 4 (4.35%) Retail Banking
4 3 (3.26%) Back Office
4 3 (3.26%) Public Sector
5 2 (2.17%) French Language
5 2 (2.17%) Legal
6 1 (1.09%) Financial Institution
6 1 (1.09%) Investment Banking
6 1 (1.09%) Marketing
6 1 (1.09%) Retail
6 1 (1.09%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 29 (31.52%) Analyst
2 19 (20.65%) Business Analyst
3 16 (17.39%) Project Manager
4 10 (10.87%) Developer
5 7 (7.61%) Architect
5 7 (7.61%) Data Analyst
5 7 (7.61%) Java Developer
6 5 (5.43%) Agile Coach
7 4 (4.35%) .NET Architect
7 4 (4.35%) Agile Project Manager
7 4 (4.35%) Applications Architect
7 4 (4.35%) Azure Architect
7 4 (4.35%) Data Manager
7 4 (4.35%) Product Manager
7 4 (4.35%) Programme Manager
7 4 (4.35%) SC Cleared Business Analyst
7 4 (4.35%) Test Leader
8 3 (3.26%) Agile Business Analyst
8 3 (3.26%) Financial Analyst
8 3 (3.26%) Technical Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (15.22%) XML
2 9 (9.78%) HTML
3 8 (8.70%) CSS
4 7 (7.61%) .NET
4 7 (7.61%) JSON
5 6 (6.52%) RESTful
5 6 (6.52%) Web Services
6 5 (5.43%) Gherkin
6 5 (5.43%) HTML5
6 5 (5.43%) J2EE
6 5 (5.43%) Spring
7 4 (4.35%) Razor View Engine
7 4 (4.35%) REST
7 4 (4.35%) RxJava
7 4 (4.35%) SOAP
8 2 (2.17%) Java EE
8 2 (2.17%) MEAN Stack
8 2 (2.17%) Qt
8 2 (2.17%) STL
9 1 (1.09%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 17 (18.48%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (10.87%) User Experience
3 6 (6.52%) Data Structures
3 6 (6.52%) Management Information System
4 4 (4.35%) Derivative
4 4 (4.35%) Enterprise Software
4 4 (4.35%) Mobile App
4 4 (4.35%) Mobile Payment
5 3 (3.26%) Greenfield Project
5 3 (3.26%) Wiki
6 2 (2.17%) Algorithms
6 2 (2.17%) Chromecast
6 2 (2.17%) Contract for Difference
6 2 (2.17%) Data Centre
6 2 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 2 (2.17%) OTC Derivatives
6 2 (2.17%) Reinsurance
6 2 (2.17%) Spread Betting
7 1 (1.09%) Mobile Banking
7 1 (1.09%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 5 (5.43%) Windows
2 3 (3.26%) Windows 10
2 3 (3.26%) Windows 7
3 2 (2.17%) Android
3 2 (2.17%) Android TV
3 2 (2.17%) tvOS
4 1 (1.09%) Linux
4 1 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (1.09%) Unix
4 1 (1.09%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 87 (94.57%) Agile Software Development
2 19 (20.65%) Scrum
2 19 (20.65%) SDLC
3 17 (18.48%) Project Management
4 13 (14.13%) Problem-Solving
4 13 (14.13%) User Acceptance Testing
5 12 (13.04%) Business Analysis
5 12 (13.04%) DevOps
5 12 (13.04%) Workshop Facilitation
6 11 (11.96%) Data Analysis
6 11 (11.96%) Project Delivery
7 10 (10.87%) Kanban
8 9 (9.78%) Data Governance
8 9 (9.78%) User Stories
9 8 (8.70%) Coaching
9 8 (8.70%) Fintech
9 8 (8.70%) Stakeholder Management
9 8 (8.70%) TDD
9 8 (8.70%) Test Automation
9 8 (8.70%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 18 (19.57%) SQL
2 13 (14.13%) Java
2 13 (14.13%) JavaScript
3 8 (8.70%) C#
4 4 (4.35%) Kotlin
4 4 (4.35%) T-SQL
5 3 (3.26%) C
6 2 (2.17%) C++
6 2 (2.17%) PL/SQL
7 1 (1.09%) Java 8
7 1 (1.09%) Python
7 1 (1.09%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 12 (13.04%) Security Cleared
2 11 (11.96%) SC Cleared
3 9 (9.78%) Degree
4 4 (4.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (3.26%) CBAP
5 3 (3.26%) ISTQB
6 2 (2.17%) ISEB
7 1 (1.09%) ACCA
7 1 (1.09%) APMP
7 1 (1.09%) CIMA
7 1 (1.09%) CISSP
7 1 (1.09%) IIBA
7 1 (1.09%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (7.61%) GDPR
1 7 (7.61%) IFRS
1 7 (7.61%) QA
1 7 (7.61%) Solvency II
2 2 (2.17%) PMO
3 1 (1.09%) Data Quality
3 1 (1.09%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 2 (2.17%) Ansible
1 2 (2.17%) Puppet
2 1 (1.09%) Kubernetes
2 1 (1.09%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 10 (10.87%) Microsoft
2 8 (8.70%) Oracle
3 3 (3.26%) SAP
4 2 (2.17%) Red Hat
4 2 (2.17%) Sybase
4 2 (2.17%) Tableau
5 1 (1.09%) ATG
5 1 (1.09%) Axway
5 1 (1.09%) Birst
5 1 (1.09%) Cadence
5 1 (1.09%) Cognos
5 1 (1.09%) Hyperion
5 1 (1.09%) MuleSoft
5 1 (1.09%) PeopleSoft
5 1 (1.09%) Retek
5 1 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
5 1 (1.09%) VMware