Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 136 109 118
Rank change year-on-year -27 +9 -6
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 122 153 139
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.73% 2.16% 2.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.99% 2.42% 2.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 101 120 112
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.11% +13.00%
10th Percentile £368 £375 £363
90th Percentile £638 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +13.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,137 6,322 5,823
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.95% 89.16% 88.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,887 5,017 4,651
City of London median daily rate £510 £510 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.37% +2.70%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £688 £663
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 93 59 53
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - -3.61%
10th Percentile £13.31 £13.34 £13.75
90th Percentile £33.60 £30.90 £54.03
Central London median hourly rate £19.13 £20.00 £19.46
% change year-on-year -4.38% +2.77% -2.70%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 118 (96.72%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (56.56%) Finance
3 30 (24.59%) Stakeholder Management
4 26 (21.31%) Banking
4 26 (21.31%) Microsoft Azure
5 24 (19.67%) Project Management
6 22 (18.03%) Scrum
6 22 (18.03%) SDLC
7 20 (16.39%) PRINCE2
7 20 (16.39%) Microsoft
8 19 (15.57%) Degree
9 18 (14.75%) SQL
9 18 (14.75%) .NET
10 17 (13.93%) C#
11 16 (13.11%) SQL Server
12 15 (12.30%) OO
12 15 (12.30%) Migration
13 14 (11.48%) Mathematics
13 14 (11.48%) SOA
14 13 (10.66%) TDD
14 13 (10.66%) SQL Server 2014
15 12 (9.84%) SQL Server 2016
15 12 (9.84%) Greenfield Project
15 12 (9.84%) Workshop Facilitation
15 12 (9.84%) MVVM
15 12 (9.84%) Entity Framework
15 12 (9.84%) Task Parallel Library
15 12 (9.84%) SQL Server 2012
15 12 (9.84%) JIRA
15 12 (9.84%) WCF

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (3.28%) CMS
1 4 (3.28%) Confluence
2 2 (1.64%) Cloud Foundry
2 2 (1.64%) Drupal
2 2 (1.64%) Tomcat
3 1 (0.82%) BizTalk Server
3 1 (0.82%) SharePoint
3 1 (0.82%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (6.56%) Microsoft Excel
1 8 (6.56%) Microsoft Project
2 6 (4.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (4.10%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (3.28%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.82%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (1.64%) SAP S/4HANA
1 2 (1.64%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.82%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.82%) Loan IQ
2 1 (0.82%) Oracle Cash Management
2 1 (0.82%) SAP CO
2 1 (0.82%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.82%) SAP FI
2 1 (0.82%) SAP FI/CO
2 1 (0.82%) SAP HCM
2 1 (0.82%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 26 (21.31%) Microsoft Azure
2 9 (7.38%) IaaS
3 7 (5.74%) PaaS
4 6 (4.92%) Amazon AWS
4 6 (4.92%) SaaS
5 4 (3.28%) Akamai
6 3 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (1.64%) Datadog
7 2 (1.64%) IBM Cloud
7 2 (1.64%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.82%) Basecamp
8 1 (0.82%) Office 365
8 1 (0.82%) SuccessFactors
8 1 (0.82%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.28%) Firewall
1 4 (3.28%) HTTP
2 3 (2.46%) Internet
3 2 (1.64%) DNS
4 1 (0.82%) LAN
4 1 (0.82%) Unified Communications
4 1 (0.82%) WAN
4 1 (0.82%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (13.11%) SQL Server
2 13 (10.66%) SQL Server 2014
3 12 (9.84%) SQL Server 2012
3 12 (9.84%) SQL Server 2016
4 6 (4.92%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (1.64%) Aerospike
5 2 (1.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (1.64%) Big Data
5 2 (1.64%) Couchbase
5 2 (1.64%) GIS
5 2 (1.64%) Hazelcast
5 2 (1.64%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.64%) Redis
5 2 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 2 (1.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1 (0.82%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.82%) Azure SQL Database
6 1 (0.82%) Data Lake
6 1 (0.82%) Hadoop
6 1 (0.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 12 (9.84%) JIRA
2 4 (3.28%) Selenium
2 4 (3.28%) Sonatype Nexus
3 3 (2.46%) Bitbucket
3 3 (2.46%) Cucumber
3 3 (2.46%) Git (software)
3 3 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
4 2 (1.64%) Artifactory
4 2 (1.64%) GitLab
4 2 (1.64%) IBM UrbanCode
4 2 (1.64%) Octopus Deploy
4 2 (1.64%) TeamCity
4 2 (1.64%) Zephyr
5 1 (0.82%) Gradle
5 1 (0.82%) Jenkins
5 1 (0.82%) JUnit
5 1 (0.82%) SoapUI
5 1 (0.82%) SpecFlow
5 1 (0.82%) Visual Studio
5 1 (0.82%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 69 (56.56%) Finance
2 26 (21.31%) Banking
3 11 (9.02%) Financial Institution
4 8 (6.56%) Front Office
5 5 (4.10%) International Banking
5 5 (4.10%) Legal
6 3 (2.46%) Advertising
6 3 (2.46%) Back Office
6 3 (2.46%) Law
6 3 (2.46%) Marketing
6 3 (2.46%) Retail
7 1 (0.82%) Digital Economy
7 1 (0.82%) General Ledger
7 1 (0.82%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.82%) Publishing
7 1 (0.82%) Retail Banking
7 1 (0.82%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 37 (30.33%) Project Manager
2 22 (18.03%) Analyst
3 18 (14.75%) Developer
4 17 (13.93%) Business Analyst
5 11 (9.02%) SQL Developer
5 11 (9.02%) WPF Developer
6 7 (5.74%) Software Manager
6 7 (5.74%) Software Project Manager
7 6 (4.92%) Architect
7 6 (4.92%) C# Developer
8 5 (4.10%) Development Manager
8 5 (4.10%) Software Development Manager
8 5 (4.10%) Test Manager
9 4 (3.28%) .NET Developer
9 4 (3.28%) C# WPF Developer
9 4 (3.28%) Delivery Manager
10 3 (2.46%) Agile Business Analyst
10 3 (2.46%) Applications Manager
10 3 (2.46%) Software Test Manager
10 3 (2.46%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (14.75%) .NET
2 12 (9.84%) Entity Framework
2 12 (9.84%) Task Parallel Library
2 12 (9.84%) WCF
2 12 (9.84%) WPF
3 11 (9.02%) .NET Framework
4 4 (3.28%) CSS
4 4 (3.28%) jQuery
4 4 (3.28%) Web Services
5 3 (2.46%) ASP.NET Web API
5 3 (2.46%) HTML
5 3 (2.46%) HTML5
6 2 (1.64%) ASP.NET
6 2 (1.64%) Java EE
6 2 (1.64%) LDAP
6 2 (1.64%) REST
6 2 (1.64%) RESTful
6 2 (1.64%) Spring Boot
6 2 (1.64%) Vert.x
6 2 (1.64%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 12 (9.84%) Greenfield Project
2 8 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
2 8 (6.56%) PKI
3 7 (5.74%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 6 (4.92%) Enterprise Software
4 6 (4.92%) Reinsurance
4 6 (4.92%) User Experience
5 5 (4.10%) Data Centre
6 3 (2.46%) Management Information System
6 3 (2.46%) SWIFT
6 3 (2.46%) Virtual Team
7 2 (1.64%) Computer Science
7 2 (1.64%) Credit Risk
7 2 (1.64%) Equities
7 2 (1.64%) Fixed Income
7 2 (1.64%) Hedge funds
7 2 (1.64%) Public Cloud
7 2 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (1.64%) W3C
8 1 (0.82%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 5 (4.10%) Linux
2 3 (2.46%) Windows
3 2 (1.64%) CentOS
3 2 (1.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 2 (1.64%) Ubuntu
3 2 (1.64%) Unix
3 2 (1.64%) Windows Server
4 1 (0.82%) Android
4 1 (0.82%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.82%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (96.72%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (24.59%) Stakeholder Management
3 24 (19.67%) Project Management
4 22 (18.03%) Scrum
4 22 (18.03%) SDLC
5 20 (16.39%) PRINCE2
6 15 (12.30%) Migration
6 15 (12.30%) OO
7 14 (11.48%) Mathematics
7 14 (11.48%) SOA
8 13 (10.66%) TDD
9 12 (9.84%) Multithreading
9 12 (9.84%) MVVM
9 12 (9.84%) OOA/OOD
9 12 (9.84%) Workshop Facilitation
10 11 (9.02%) Problem-Solving
11 10 (8.20%) Capital Modelling
12 9 (7.38%) DevOps
12 9 (7.38%) Test Automation
12 9 (7.38%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 18 (14.75%) SQL
2 17 (13.93%) C#
3 4 (3.28%) Java
3 4 (3.28%) JavaScript
4 2 (1.64%) Go
4 2 (1.64%) Perl
4 2 (1.64%) PowerShell
4 2 (1.64%) Python
4 2 (1.64%) T-SQL
5 1 (0.82%) C
5 1 (0.82%) PHP
5 1 (0.82%) PL/SQL
5 1 (0.82%) R
Qualifications
1 19 (15.57%) Degree
2 7 (5.74%) ISEB
3 5 (4.10%) ISTQB
3 5 (4.10%) Security Cleared
4 4 (3.28%) PRINCE2 Certification
5 3 (2.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 3 (2.46%) PMI Certification
5 3 (2.46%) PMP
6 2 (1.64%) ISEB Practitioner
6 2 (1.64%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.82%) ACCA
7 1 (0.82%) APMG
7 1 (0.82%) CIMA
7 1 (0.82%) CISA
7 1 (0.82%) CISM
7 1 (0.82%) CISSP
7 1 (0.82%) IIBA
7 1 (0.82%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 1 (0.82%) Six Sigma Black Belt
7 1 (0.82%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (6.56%) QA
2 6 (4.92%) PMO
3 1 (0.82%) Dodd-Frank
3 1 (0.82%) EMIR
3 1 (0.82%) FATCA
3 1 (0.82%) GDPR
3 1 (0.82%) MiFID
3 1 (0.82%) SEPA
3 1 (0.82%) WCAG
System Software
1 2 (1.64%) Active Directory
1 2 (1.64%) Docker
2 1 (0.82%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 4 (3.28%) Ansible
1 4 (3.28%) Puppet
2 2 (1.64%) Consul
2 2 (1.64%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.64%) Nagios
2 2 (1.64%) Single Sign-On
3 1 (0.82%) HP ALM
3 1 (0.82%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.82%) Terraform
Vendors
1 20 (16.39%) Microsoft
2 5 (4.10%) Oracle
3 4 (3.28%) HP
3 4 (3.28%) Prolexic
3 4 (3.28%) SAP
4 3 (2.46%) Citrix
4 3 (2.46%) Google
4 3 (2.46%) IBM
4 3 (2.46%) Progress
4 3 (2.46%) Splunk
5 2 (1.64%) AppDynamics
5 2 (1.64%) Black Duck
5 2 (1.64%) Micro Focus
5 2 (1.64%) New Relic
5 2 (1.64%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.82%) hybris
6 1 (0.82%) iManage
6 1 (0.82%) Intapp
6 1 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.82%) Talend