Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 123 106 115
Rank change year-on-year -17 +9 +5
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 146 162 134
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.09% 2.39% 1.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.42% 2.68% 2.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 115 126 106
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% - +9.83%
10th Percentile £372 £375 £360
90th Percentile £638 £650 £669
Central London median daily rate £523 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,041 6,041 5,964
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.44% 88.98% 87.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,816 4,719 4,807
City of London median daily rate £503 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.55% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £678 £675 £656
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 56 51
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.35 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.36% -3.25% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.31 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.00 £31.13 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £20.00
% change year-on-year - -6.50% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 145 (99.32%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (58.22%) Finance
3 38 (26.03%) Stakeholder Management
4 36 (24.66%) Project Management
4 36 (24.66%) Scrum
5 32 (21.92%) Microsoft Azure
6 25 (17.12%) Microsoft
7 22 (15.07%) .NET
8 21 (14.38%) Banking
9 19 (13.01%) Degree
9 19 (13.01%) C#
9 19 (13.01%) PRINCE2
9 19 (13.01%) DevOps
9 19 (13.01%) SDLC
10 18 (12.33%) SQL
11 17 (11.64%) SQL Server
11 17 (11.64%) QA
11 17 (11.64%) TDD
12 16 (10.96%) SOA
13 15 (10.27%) Migration
13 15 (10.27%) WPF
13 15 (10.27%) Business Analysis
14 14 (9.59%) Mathematics
14 14 (9.59%) OO
14 14 (9.59%) SQL Server 2014
14 14 (9.59%) IaaS
14 14 (9.59%) User Stories
14 14 (9.59%) Greenfield Project
15 13 (8.90%) SQL Server 2012
15 13 (8.90%) Task Parallel Library

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.42%) CMS
2 4 (2.74%) Confluence
3 2 (1.37%) Cloud Foundry
3 2 (1.37%) Tomcat
4 1 (0.68%) Drupal
4 1 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.68%) SharePoint
Applications
1 8 (5.48%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (4.79%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (4.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (4.11%) MS Visio
4 5 (3.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.68%) InVision
5 1 (0.68%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 3 (2.05%) Magento
2 2 (1.37%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (1.37%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.68%) Eagle PACE
3 1 (0.68%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.68%) Infor SunSystems
3 1 (0.68%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.68%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.68%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.68%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.68%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 1 (0.68%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.68%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.68%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.68%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.68%) SAP SD
3 1 (0.68%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 32 (21.92%) Microsoft Azure
2 14 (9.59%) IaaS
3 12 (8.22%) PaaS
4 11 (7.53%) SaaS
5 7 (4.79%) Amazon AWS
6 4 (2.74%) Akamai
7 3 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (1.37%) Basecamp
8 2 (1.37%) Datadog
8 2 (1.37%) IBM Cloud
8 2 (1.37%) NuGet
8 2 (1.37%) OpenShift
9 1 (0.68%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 1 (0.68%) GitHub
9 1 (0.68%) Heroku
9 1 (0.68%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 8 (5.48%) SMS
2 6 (4.11%) Firewall
3 4 (2.74%) HTTP
4 3 (2.05%) Internet
5 2 (1.37%) DNS
6 1 (0.68%) Intranet
6 1 (0.68%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.68%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (11.64%) SQL Server
2 14 (9.59%) SQL Server 2014
3 13 (8.90%) SQL Server 2012
3 13 (8.90%) SQL Server 2016
4 8 (5.48%) Data Warehouse
5 5 (3.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 5 (3.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 4 (2.74%) NoSQL
6 4 (2.74%) Relational Database
7 3 (2.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 2 (1.37%) Aerospike
8 2 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 2 (1.37%) Couchbase
8 2 (1.37%) Hazelcast
8 2 (1.37%) Power BI
8 2 (1.37%) RDBMS
8 2 (1.37%) Redis
9 1 (0.68%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.68%) BusinessObjects
9 1 (0.68%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 13 (8.90%) JIRA
2 6 (4.11%) Git (software)
3 4 (2.74%) Sonatype Nexus
4 3 (2.05%) Bitbucket
4 3 (2.05%) Cucumber
5 2 (1.37%) Artifactory
5 2 (1.37%) GitLab
5 2 (1.37%) IBM UrbanCode
5 2 (1.37%) Jenkins
5 2 (1.37%) JUnit
5 2 (1.37%) Octopus Deploy
5 2 (1.37%) Selenium
5 2 (1.37%) Subversion
5 2 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
5 2 (1.37%) TeamCity
5 2 (1.37%) Zephyr
6 1 (0.68%) git-flow
6 1 (0.68%) LoadRunner
6 1 (0.68%) Maven
6 1 (0.68%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 85 (58.22%) Finance
2 21 (14.38%) Banking
3 7 (4.79%) Retail
4 5 (3.42%) Law
5 4 (2.74%) Advertising
5 4 (2.74%) Front Office
5 4 (2.74%) Legal
5 4 (2.74%) Marketing
6 3 (2.05%) Back Office
6 3 (2.05%) Financial Institution
6 3 (2.05%) International Banking
6 3 (2.05%) Pharmaceutical
6 3 (2.05%) Telecoms
7 2 (1.37%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.68%) Digital Economy
8 1 (0.68%) Electronics
8 1 (0.68%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.68%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.68%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 38 (26.03%) Project Manager
2 34 (23.29%) Analyst
3 25 (17.12%) Developer
4 24 (16.44%) Business Analyst
5 17 (11.64%) C# Developer
6 14 (9.59%) WPF Developer
7 13 (8.90%) C# WPF Developer
8 11 (7.53%) Delivery Manager
9 9 (6.16%) Infrastructure Manager
10 8 (5.48%) Architect
11 7 (4.79%) Cloud Infrastructure Manager
11 7 (4.79%) SQL Developer
12 6 (4.11%) .NET Developer
12 6 (4.11%) Software Project Manager
12 6 (4.11%) Test Analyst
13 5 (3.42%) Agile Delivery Manager
13 5 (3.42%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
13 5 (3.42%) C# .NET Developer
13 5 (3.42%) Infrastructure Delivery Manager
14 4 (2.74%) Lead Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (15.07%) .NET
2 15 (10.27%) WPF
3 13 (8.90%) Task Parallel Library
3 13 (8.90%) WCF
4 5 (3.42%) Entity Framework
5 4 (2.74%) .NET Framework
5 4 (2.74%) CSS
5 4 (2.74%) HTML
5 4 (2.74%) HTML5
5 4 (2.74%) RESTful
5 4 (2.74%) Web Services
6 2 (1.37%) CSS3
6 2 (1.37%) Java EE
6 2 (1.37%) LDAP
6 2 (1.37%) Spring Boot
6 2 (1.37%) SVG
6 2 (1.37%) Vert.x
6 2 (1.37%) XML
6 2 (1.37%) XSD
7 1 (0.68%) Android SDK
Miscellaneous
1 14 (9.59%) Greenfield Project
2 10 (6.85%) Reinsurance
3 9 (6.16%) Analytical Skills
4 8 (5.48%) PKI
4 8 (5.48%) User Experience
5 7 (4.79%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 6 (4.11%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (2.74%) Data Centre
8 3 (2.05%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.37%) Fintech
9 2 (1.37%) Hedge funds
9 2 (1.37%) Life Science
9 2 (1.37%) PMI
9 2 (1.37%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.37%) Robotics
9 2 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.37%) Tandem
9 2 (1.37%) W3C
10 1 (0.68%) NHS
10 1 (0.68%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.42%) Linux
2 3 (2.05%) Windows
3 2 (1.37%) Android
3 2 (1.37%) Apple iOS
3 2 (1.37%) CentOS
3 2 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 2 (1.37%) Ubuntu
3 2 (1.37%) Unix
3 2 (1.37%) Windows Server
4 1 (0.68%) Mac OS
4 1 (0.68%) Mac OS X
4 1 (0.68%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (99.32%) Agile Software Development
2 38 (26.03%) Stakeholder Management
3 36 (24.66%) Project Management
3 36 (24.66%) Scrum
4 19 (13.01%) DevOps
4 19 (13.01%) PRINCE2
4 19 (13.01%) SDLC
5 17 (11.64%) TDD
6 16 (10.96%) SOA
7 15 (10.27%) Business Analysis
7 15 (10.27%) Migration
8 14 (9.59%) Mathematics
8 14 (9.59%) OO
8 14 (9.59%) User Stories
9 13 (8.90%) Multithreading
9 13 (8.90%) MVVM
9 13 (8.90%) OOA/OOD
10 12 (8.22%) Problem-Solving
10 12 (8.22%) User Acceptance Testing
11 11 (7.53%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 19 (13.01%) C#
2 18 (12.33%) SQL
3 7 (4.79%) JavaScript
4 6 (4.11%) Java
5 4 (2.74%) T-SQL
6 3 (2.05%) Python
7 2 (1.37%) Apple Swift
7 2 (1.37%) Go
7 2 (1.37%) Perl
7 2 (1.37%) PowerShell
8 1 (0.68%) C
8 1 (0.68%) Kotlin
8 1 (0.68%) Natural
8 1 (0.68%) Objective-C
8 1 (0.68%) PL/SQL
8 1 (0.68%) R
Qualifications
1 19 (13.01%) Degree
2 7 (4.79%) ISEB
3 5 (3.42%) ISTQB
3 5 (3.42%) PRINCE2 Certification
3 5 (3.42%) Security Cleared
4 4 (2.74%) PMI Certification
5 3 (2.05%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 3 (2.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 2 (1.37%) ISEB Practitioner
6 2 (1.37%) PMP
6 2 (1.37%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.68%) ACCA
7 1 (0.68%) APMG
7 1 (0.68%) CBAP
7 1 (0.68%) CIMA
7 1 (0.68%) CISA
7 1 (0.68%) CISM
7 1 (0.68%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.68%) Six Sigma Black Belt
7 1 (0.68%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (11.64%) QA
2 7 (4.79%) PMO
3 2 (1.37%) WCAG
4 1 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.68%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.68%) EMIR
4 1 (0.68%) FATCA
4 1 (0.68%) GDPR
4 1 (0.68%) HL7
4 1 (0.68%) MiFID
4 1 (0.68%) PSD2
4 1 (0.68%) SEPA
4 1 (0.68%) TARGET2
System Software
1 3 (2.05%) Docker
2 2 (1.37%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (2.74%) Ansible
1 4 (2.74%) Puppet
2 3 (2.05%) HP ALM
2 3 (2.05%) Single Sign-On
3 2 (1.37%) Consul
3 2 (1.37%) HP Quality Center
3 2 (1.37%) Kubernetes
3 2 (1.37%) Nagios
3 2 (1.37%) Terraform
4 1 (0.68%) Grafana
4 1 (0.68%) Kibana
4 1 (0.68%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 25 (17.12%) Microsoft
2 11 (7.53%) Oracle
3 8 (5.48%) Progress
4 4 (2.74%) Citrix
4 4 (2.74%) Prolexic
4 4 (2.74%) SAP
5 3 (2.05%) Google
5 3 (2.05%) HP
5 3 (2.05%) IBM
5 3 (2.05%) Splunk
6 2 (1.37%) AppDynamics
6 2 (1.37%) Black Duck
6 2 (1.37%) BT
6 2 (1.37%) Micro Focus
6 2 (1.37%) New Relic
6 2 (1.37%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (1.37%) Sun
7 1 (0.68%) Intapp
7 1 (0.68%) ION Trading