Period
to 17 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 129 115 114
Rank change year-on-year -14 -1 0
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 128 151 128
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.91% 2.14% 2.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.16% 2.41% 2.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 100 121 116
City of London median daily rate £513 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £399 £375 £369
90th Percentile £663 £600 £631
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,914 6,266 5,428
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.16% 88.77% 88.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,623 4,999 4,306
City of London median daily rate £518 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.50% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 70 53
City of London median hourly rate £22.00 £18.70 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -8.78% -2.68%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.60 £13.55
90th Percentile £37.09 £37.38 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £20.50 £19.46
% change year-on-year +4.88% +5.34% -7.62%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

For the 6 months to 17 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 124 (96.88%) Agile Software Development
2 64 (50.00%) Finance
3 39 (30.47%) Banking
4 30 (23.44%) SDLC
5 29 (22.66%) Microsoft
6 26 (20.31%) Project Management
6 26 (20.31%) SQL
7 23 (17.97%) Stakeholder Management
8 21 (16.41%) C#
9 20 (15.63%) .NET
9 20 (15.63%) SQL Server
10 19 (14.84%) Degree
11 18 (14.06%) Test Automation
12 17 (13.28%) Web Application Development
12 17 (13.28%) Defect Management
13 16 (12.50%) PRINCE2
14 15 (11.72%) OO
14 15 (11.72%) JavaScript
14 15 (11.72%) SOA
15 14 (10.94%) .NET Framework
15 14 (10.94%) TDD
15 14 (10.94%) Entity Framework
16 13 (10.16%) Microsoft Azure
16 13 (10.16%) Business Analysis
16 13 (10.16%) Financial Institution
16 13 (10.16%) Scrum
17 12 (9.38%) JIRA
17 12 (9.38%) jQuery
18 11 (8.59%) Mathematics
18 11 (8.59%) Migration

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.91%) CMS
2 2 (1.56%) Cloud Foundry
2 2 (1.56%) Confluence
2 2 (1.56%) Drupal
2 2 (1.56%) Tomcat
3 1 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
3 1 (0.78%) Exchange Server 2010
3 1 (0.78%) MS Exchange
3 1 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 1 (0.78%) SharePoint
3 1 (0.78%) WebSphere
3 1 (0.78%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (3.91%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (3.91%) Microsoft Project
1 5 (3.91%) Spreadsheet
2 3 (2.34%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.78%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (1.56%) SAP S/4HANA
1 2 (1.56%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.78%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.78%) Loan IQ
2 1 (0.78%) Oracle Cash Management
2 1 (0.78%) SAP CO
2 1 (0.78%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.78%) SAP FI
2 1 (0.78%) SAP FI/CO
2 1 (0.78%) SAP HCM
2 1 (0.78%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 13 (10.16%) Microsoft Azure
2 4 (3.13%) Amazon AWS
2 4 (3.13%) PaaS
3 3 (2.34%) IaaS
3 3 (2.34%) Office 365
3 3 (2.34%) SaaS
4 2 (1.56%) Datadog
4 2 (1.56%) IBM Cloud
4 2 (1.56%) OpenShift
5 1 (0.78%) Google Analytics
5 1 (0.78%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.78%) Lucidchart
5 1 (0.78%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
5 1 (0.78%) Salesforce Service Cloud
5 1 (0.78%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.56%) LAN
1 2 (1.56%) Unified Communications
1 2 (1.56%) WAN
2 1 (0.78%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (15.63%) SQL Server
2 11 (8.59%) Data Warehouse
3 10 (7.81%) SQL Server 2012
3 10 (7.81%) SQL Server 2014
3 10 (7.81%) SQL Server 2016
4 4 (3.13%) GIS
5 2 (1.56%) Aerospike
5 2 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (1.56%) Big Data
5 2 (1.56%) Couchbase
5 2 (1.56%) Data Mining
5 2 (1.56%) Hazelcast
5 2 (1.56%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.56%) Oracle Database
5 2 (1.56%) Redis
6 1 (0.78%) MariaDB
6 1 (0.78%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 12 (9.38%) JIRA
2 10 (7.81%) Team Foundation Server
3 6 (4.69%) Selenium
3 6 (4.69%) Visual Studio Team System
4 4 (3.13%) Cucumber
4 4 (3.13%) Git (software)
4 4 (3.13%) TeamCity
5 3 (2.34%) SpecFlow
5 3 (2.34%) Zephyr
6 2 (1.56%) Artifactory
6 2 (1.56%) Bitbucket
6 2 (1.56%) Fiddler
6 2 (1.56%) IBM UrbanCode
6 2 (1.56%) Octopus Deploy
6 2 (1.56%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (1.56%) WebDriver
7 1 (0.78%) HP UFT
7 1 (0.78%) Visual Studio
General
1 64 (50.00%) Finance
2 39 (30.47%) Banking
3 13 (10.16%) Financial Institution
4 7 (5.47%) Front Office
4 7 (5.47%) International Banking
5 6 (4.69%) Retail
6 4 (3.13%) Retail Banking
7 3 (2.34%) Back Office
7 3 (2.34%) Investment Banking
7 3 (2.34%) Law
7 3 (2.34%) Legal
8 2 (1.56%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.78%) General Ledger
9 1 (0.78%) Marketing
9 1 (0.78%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 29 (22.66%) Analyst
2 27 (21.09%) Project Manager
3 23 (17.97%) Developer
4 22 (17.19%) Business Analyst
5 14 (10.94%) Software Manager
6 12 (9.38%) Development Manager
6 12 (9.38%) Software Development Manager
7 9 (7.03%) .NET Developer
7 9 (7.03%) SQL Developer
7 9 (7.03%) WPF Developer
8 7 (5.47%) Test Manager
9 6 (4.69%) C# Developer
9 6 (4.69%) IT Analyst
10 5 (3.91%) Architect
10 5 (3.91%) Banking Project Manager
10 5 (3.91%) Business IT Analyst
10 5 (3.91%) C# .NET Developer
10 5 (3.91%) IT Business Analyst
11 4 (3.13%) Data Architect
11 4 (3.13%) Systems Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (15.63%) .NET
2 14 (10.94%) .NET Framework
2 14 (10.94%) Entity Framework
3 12 (9.38%) jQuery
4 10 (7.81%) CSS
4 10 (7.81%) Task Parallel Library
4 10 (7.81%) WCF
4 10 (7.81%) WPF
5 8 (6.25%) ASP.NET Web API
6 6 (4.69%) HTML
6 6 (4.69%) HTML5
6 6 (4.69%) Web Services
7 5 (3.91%) XML
8 4 (3.13%) ASP.NET
8 4 (3.13%) React
8 4 (3.13%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 3 (2.34%) AngularJS
9 3 (2.34%) REST
9 3 (2.34%) WAP
9 3 (2.34%) WML
Miscellaneous
1 11 (8.59%) Analytical Skills
1 11 (8.59%) Greenfield Project
2 8 (6.25%) User Experience
3 7 (5.47%) SWIFT
4 5 (3.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 4 (3.13%) Credit Risk
5 4 (3.13%) Management Information System
5 4 (3.13%) N-Tier
6 3 (2.34%) Equities
6 3 (2.34%) Fixed Income
6 3 (2.34%) W3C
7 2 (1.56%) Animation
7 2 (1.56%) Derivative
7 2 (1.56%) Fintech
7 2 (1.56%) Hedge funds
7 2 (1.56%) PKI
7 2 (1.56%) PMI
7 2 (1.56%) Public Cloud
7 2 (1.56%) Social Media
7 2 (1.56%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 6 (4.69%) Windows
2 4 (3.13%) Linux
3 3 (2.34%) Unix
3 3 (2.34%) Windows 10
4 2 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 2 (1.56%) Ubuntu
4 2 (1.56%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.78%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 124 (96.88%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (23.44%) SDLC
3 26 (20.31%) Project Management
4 23 (17.97%) Stakeholder Management
5 18 (14.06%) Test Automation
6 17 (13.28%) Defect Management
6 17 (13.28%) Web Application Development
7 16 (12.50%) PRINCE2
8 15 (11.72%) OO
8 15 (11.72%) SOA
9 14 (10.94%) TDD
10 13 (10.16%) Business Analysis
10 13 (10.16%) Scrum
11 11 (8.59%) Mathematics
11 11 (8.59%) Migration
12 10 (7.81%) Capital Modelling
12 10 (7.81%) Multithreading
12 10 (7.81%) MVVM
12 10 (7.81%) OOA/OOD
12 10 (7.81%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 26 (20.31%) SQL
2 21 (16.41%) C#
3 15 (11.72%) JavaScript
4 6 (4.69%) Java
5 4 (3.13%) T-SQL
6 3 (2.34%) PHP
6 3 (2.34%) Python
7 2 (1.56%) Go
7 2 (1.56%) Perl
7 2 (1.56%) PL/SQL
8 1 (0.78%) Bash Shell
8 1 (0.78%) C
8 1 (0.78%) Scala
Qualifications
1 19 (14.84%) Degree
2 10 (7.81%) ISTQB
3 7 (5.47%) ISEB
3 7 (5.47%) PMI Certification
4 6 (4.69%) PMP
5 5 (3.91%) SC Cleared
5 5 (3.91%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.78%) ACCA
6 1 (0.78%) APMG
6 1 (0.78%) CIMA
6 1 (0.78%) CISA
6 1 (0.78%) CRISC
6 1 (0.78%) CTC Cleared
6 1 (0.78%) IIBA
6 1 (0.78%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 1 (0.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.78%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.78%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (4.69%) QA
2 4 (3.13%) PMO
3 1 (0.78%) SEPA
System Software
1 3 (2.34%) Active Directory
1 3 (2.34%) Docker
2 2 (1.56%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 2 (1.56%) Ansible
1 2 (1.56%) Consul
1 2 (1.56%) Kubernetes
1 2 (1.56%) Nagios
1 2 (1.56%) Puppet
1 2 (1.56%) Single Sign-On
2 1 (0.78%) HP ALM
2 1 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 29 (22.66%) Microsoft
2 7 (5.47%) HP
2 7 (5.47%) Oracle
3 4 (3.13%) Google
3 4 (3.13%) SAP
4 3 (2.34%) IBM
5 2 (1.56%) Ab Initio
5 2 (1.56%) AppDynamics
5 2 (1.56%) Micro Focus
5 2 (1.56%) New Relic
5 2 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (1.56%) Splunk
5 2 (1.56%) Workday
6 1 (0.78%) Ariba
6 1 (0.78%) hybris
6 1 (0.78%) iManage
6 1 (0.78%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud