Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 103 114 131
Rank change year-on-year +11 +17 -15
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 175 143 117
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.47% 2.21% 1.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.84% 2.52% 1.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 136 113 98
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.38% +5.62%
10th Percentile £386 £380 £325
90th Percentile £638 £650 £628
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% +3.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,170 5,675 5,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.00% 87.85% 87.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,887 4,392 4,791
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £308
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £470
% change year-on-year - +6.38% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 104 54 56
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.25 £19.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.65% +1.29% -6.14%
10th Percentile £12.83 £13.31 £11.38
90th Percentile £33.00 £29.77 £42.41
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.69 £20.00
% change year-on-year +0.05% -6.55% -4.76%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the City of London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the City of London

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 171 (97.71%) Agile Software Development
2 108 (61.71%) Finance
3 52 (29.71%) Project Management
4 50 (28.57%) Scrum
5 48 (27.43%) Microsoft Azure
6 43 (24.57%) Stakeholder Management
7 37 (21.14%) .NET
8 31 (17.71%) PRINCE2
8 31 (17.71%) TDD
9 30 (17.14%) Degree
9 30 (17.14%) C#
10 29 (16.57%) SQL Server
10 29 (16.57%) Banking
11 28 (16.00%) Microsoft
11 28 (16.00%) DevOps
12 25 (14.29%) SOA
13 24 (13.71%) WPF
14 23 (13.14%) SQL Server 2014
14 23 (13.14%) Greenfield Project
15 22 (12.57%) SQL Server 2016
15 22 (12.57%) SDLC
15 22 (12.57%) SQL Server 2012
15 22 (12.57%) MVVM
15 22 (12.57%) Multithreading
15 22 (12.57%) WCF
15 22 (12.57%) SQL
15 22 (12.57%) OO
16 21 (12.00%) OOA/OOD
16 21 (12.00%) Mathematics
16 21 (12.00%) IaaS

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (4.00%) CMS
2 3 (1.71%) SharePoint
3 2 (1.14%) Confluence
3 2 (1.14%) SAS
4 1 (0.57%) Drupal
4 1 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.57%) IIS
4 1 (0.57%) WebSphere
4 1 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 9 (5.14%) MS Visio
2 8 (4.57%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (3.43%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (2.86%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.57%) InVision
6 1 (0.57%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 3 (1.71%) Magento
2 2 (1.14%) Eagle PACE
2 2 (1.14%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (1.14%) Oracle EBS R12
2 2 (1.14%) Temenos T24
3 1 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.57%) Infor SunSystems
3 1 (0.57%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.57%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.57%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.57%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 48 (27.43%) Microsoft Azure
2 21 (12.00%) IaaS
3 20 (11.43%) SaaS
4 13 (7.43%) PaaS
5 5 (2.86%) Amazon AWS
5 5 (2.86%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (1.71%) Akamai
6 3 (1.71%) GitHub
7 2 (1.14%) NuGet
8 1 (0.57%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 1 (0.57%) Basecamp
8 1 (0.57%) Heroku
8 1 (0.57%) Office 365
8 1 (0.57%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 10 (5.71%) SMS
2 9 (5.14%) Firewall
3 3 (1.71%) HTTP
3 3 (1.71%) Internet
4 2 (1.14%) DNS
4 2 (1.14%) Remote Desktop
5 1 (0.57%) Intranet
5 1 (0.57%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.57%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (16.57%) SQL Server
2 23 (13.14%) SQL Server 2014
3 22 (12.57%) SQL Server 2012
3 22 (12.57%) SQL Server 2016
4 7 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
5 6 (3.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 5 (2.86%) Big Data
6 5 (2.86%) BusinessObjects
6 5 (2.86%) Relational Database
6 5 (2.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 3 (1.71%) Hadoop
7 3 (1.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 2 (1.14%) Data Lake
8 2 (1.14%) NoSQL
8 2 (1.14%) Power BI
8 2 (1.14%) QlikView
8 2 (1.14%) RDBMS
8 2 (1.14%) SAS Visual Analytics
9 1 (0.57%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.57%) MOLAP
Development Applications
1 16 (9.14%) JIRA
2 5 (2.86%) Git (software)
3 3 (1.71%) Jenkins
4 2 (1.14%) Cucumber
4 2 (1.14%) GitLab
4 2 (1.14%) JUnit
4 2 (1.14%) LoadRunner
4 2 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
4 2 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
4 2 (1.14%) Visual Studio Team System
5 1 (0.57%) Android Studio
5 1 (0.57%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.57%) git-flow
5 1 (0.57%) Gradle
5 1 (0.57%) Maven
5 1 (0.57%) SoapUI
5 1 (0.57%) Subversion
5 1 (0.57%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.57%) Visual Studio
General
1 108 (61.71%) Finance
2 29 (16.57%) Banking
3 7 (4.00%) Back Office
3 7 (4.00%) Retail
4 5 (2.86%) Advertising
4 5 (2.86%) Law
4 5 (2.86%) Legal
5 4 (2.29%) Front Office
6 3 (1.71%) Financial Institution
6 3 (1.71%) General Ledger
6 3 (1.71%) International Banking
6 3 (1.71%) Marketing
6 3 (1.71%) Pharmaceutical
7 2 (1.14%) Investment Banking
7 2 (1.14%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.57%) Electronics
8 1 (0.57%) Games
8 1 (0.57%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.57%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.57%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 43 (24.57%) Analyst
2 42 (24.00%) Project Manager
3 37 (21.14%) Developer
4 28 (16.00%) C# Developer
5 25 (14.29%) Business Analyst
6 24 (13.71%) C# WPF Developer
6 24 (13.71%) WPF Developer
7 13 (7.43%) Delivery Manager
8 11 (6.29%) Infrastructure Manager
9 9 (5.14%) Cloud Infrastructure Manager
10 8 (4.57%) .NET Developer
10 8 (4.57%) Architect
10 8 (4.57%) Senior Analyst
10 8 (4.57%) Test Analyst
11 7 (4.00%) Azure DevOps
11 7 (4.00%) C# .NET Developer
11 7 (4.00%) DevOps Manager
11 7 (4.00%) Infrastructure Delivery Manager
11 7 (4.00%) SQL Developer
12 6 (3.43%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (21.14%) .NET
2 24 (13.71%) WPF
3 22 (12.57%) WCF
4 21 (12.00%) Task Parallel Library
5 4 (2.29%) Entity Framework
5 4 (2.29%) XML
6 3 (1.71%) .NET Framework
6 3 (1.71%) CSS
6 3 (1.71%) HTML
6 3 (1.71%) HTML5
6 3 (1.71%) Web Services
7 2 (1.14%) FIX Protocol
7 2 (1.14%) RESTful
7 2 (1.14%) Spring
7 2 (1.14%) Spring Boot
7 2 (1.14%) XSD
8 1 (0.57%) ASP.NET
8 1 (0.57%) ASP.NET Web Forms
8 1 (0.57%) SVG
8 1 (0.57%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 23 (13.14%) Greenfield Project
2 17 (9.71%) Reinsurance
3 12 (6.86%) Analytical Skills
4 7 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
4 7 (4.00%) User Experience
5 6 (3.43%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 5 (2.86%) PKI
6 5 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (2.29%) Data Centre
7 4 (2.29%) Tandem
8 3 (1.71%) SWIFT
9 2 (1.14%) Data Structures
9 2 (1.14%) Equities
9 2 (1.14%) Fat Client
9 2 (1.14%) Fintech
9 2 (1.14%) Fixed Income
9 2 (1.14%) IVR
9 2 (1.14%) Life Science
9 2 (1.14%) PMI
9 2 (1.14%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 4 (2.29%) Linux
2 2 (1.14%) CentOS
2 2 (1.14%) Windows
2 2 (1.14%) Windows Server
3 1 (0.57%) Android
3 1 (0.57%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.57%) Mac OS
3 1 (0.57%) Mac OS X
3 1 (0.57%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 171 (97.71%) Agile Software Development
2 52 (29.71%) Project Management
3 50 (28.57%) Scrum
4 43 (24.57%) Stakeholder Management
5 31 (17.71%) PRINCE2
5 31 (17.71%) TDD
6 28 (16.00%) DevOps
7 25 (14.29%) SOA
8 22 (12.57%) Multithreading
8 22 (12.57%) MVVM
8 22 (12.57%) OO
8 22 (12.57%) SDLC
9 21 (12.00%) Mathematics
9 21 (12.00%) OOA/OOD
9 21 (12.00%) Problem-Solving
10 20 (11.43%) Kanban
11 18 (10.29%) Business Analysis
12 17 (9.71%) User Stories
13 16 (9.14%) Continuous Improvement
14 14 (8.00%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 30 (17.14%) C#
2 22 (12.57%) SQL
3 9 (5.14%) C
4 8 (4.57%) JavaScript
5 6 (3.43%) Java
6 5 (2.86%) T-SQL
7 3 (1.71%) VBA
8 2 (1.14%) Apple Swift
8 2 (1.14%) PL/SQL
8 2 (1.14%) PowerShell
9 1 (0.57%) Kotlin
9 1 (0.57%) Natural
9 1 (0.57%) Objective-C
9 1 (0.57%) Python
9 1 (0.57%) R
9 1 (0.57%) XPath
Qualifications
1 30 (17.14%) Degree
2 13 (7.43%) ISEB
3 7 (4.00%) ISEB Practitioner
4 6 (3.43%) PMI Certification
4 6 (3.43%) Security Cleared
5 5 (2.86%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 4 (2.29%) ISTQB
6 4 (2.29%) PMP
7 3 (1.71%) SC Cleared
8 2 (1.14%) APMG
8 2 (1.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 2 (1.14%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.57%) ACCA
9 1 (0.57%) CBAP
9 1 (0.57%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.57%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.57%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 1 (0.57%) Six Sigma Black Belt
9 1 (0.57%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (9.71%) QA
2 9 (5.14%) PMO
3 3 (1.71%) SEPA
3 3 (1.71%) TARGET2
4 2 (1.14%) Data Quality
4 2 (1.14%) IFRS
4 2 (1.14%) IFRS 9
4 2 (1.14%) PSD2
5 1 (0.57%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.57%) EMIR
5 1 (0.57%) FATCA
5 1 (0.57%) HL7
5 1 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.57%) MiFID
5 1 (0.57%) WCAG
System Software
1 2 (1.14%) Docker
2 1 (0.57%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 5 (2.86%) HP ALM
2 2 (1.14%) Ansible
2 2 (1.14%) HP Quality Center
2 2 (1.14%) Puppet
2 2 (1.14%) Terraform
3 1 (0.57%) Grafana
3 1 (0.57%) Kibana
3 1 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
3 1 (0.57%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 28 (16.00%) Microsoft
2 15 (8.57%) Oracle
3 11 (6.29%) Progress
4 8 (4.57%) Citrix
5 5 (2.86%) HP
6 3 (1.71%) Prolexic
7 2 (1.14%) Black Duck
7 2 (1.14%) BT
7 2 (1.14%) Charles River
7 2 (1.14%) iManage
7 2 (1.14%) Red Hat
7 2 (1.14%) Sun
7 2 (1.14%) Temenos
7 2 (1.14%) Vermilion
8 1 (0.57%) Apple
8 1 (0.57%) Google
8 1 (0.57%) Sage
8 1 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
8 1 (0.57%) SAP
8 1 (0.57%) Software AG