Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 391 313 389
Rank change year-on-year -78 +76 0
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 421 190 465
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.62% 0.69% 0.60%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.75% 2.17% 2.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 287 123 326
10th Percentile £411 £356 £368
25th Percentile £475 £416 £436
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +1.20%
75th Percentile £673 £628 £625
90th Percentile £753 £685 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £520 £525
% change year-on-year +5.77% -0.95% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 5
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £15.50 £17.00 £16.25
Median hourly rate £18.50 £18.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% -
75th Percentile £19.80 £19.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £21.34 " "
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.56% +11.43% -

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,090 8,761 22,801
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.52% 32.04% 29.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,483 6,241 16,059
10th Percentile £320 £313 £298
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 423 116 318
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.63 £13.43
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.69 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £41.41 £41.06 £42.00
90th Percentile £65.20 £55.00 £71.48
UK median hourly rate £20.92 £21.86 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.29% +6.63% +17.14%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -75 254 £579 +8.18% 96
South East -66 59 £525 +25.00% 40
North of England -57 33 £618 -0.40% 58
South West -28 31 £413 -2.94% 15
North West -38 18 £643 +11.74% 34
Yorkshire -38 15 £675 +8.87% 9
Midlands -75 9 £456 +21.67% 17
West Midlands -67 8 £456 +29.89% 10
East of England -56 4 £463 -11.90% 13
North East -5 3 - - 15
East Midlands -42 1 - - 7
Cloud Computing
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 196 (46.56%) AWS
2 180 (42.76%) Azure
3 157 (37.29%) Agile Software Development
4 136 (32.30%) Social Skills
5 132 (31.35%) Python
6 131 (31.12%) DevOps
7 100 (23.75%) Finance
8 93 (22.09%) Microsoft
9 90 (21.38%) GCP
10 82 (19.48%) SQL
11 80 (19.00%) Linux
11 80 (19.00%) Infrastructure as Code
12 72 (17.10%) Java
13 69 (16.39%) Terraform
14 66 (15.68%) Windows
15 59 (14.01%) PaaS
15 59 (14.01%) Analytical Skills
16 58 (13.78%) Analytics
16 58 (13.78%) Problem-Solving
16 58 (13.78%) Migration
17 57 (13.54%) Docker
18 56 (13.30%) JavaScript
19 53 (12.59%) Google
19 53 (12.59%) Microservices
20 52 (12.35%) Kubernetes
21 51 (12.11%) Ansible
21 51 (12.11%) Scrum
22 50 (11.88%) Degree
22 50 (11.88%) SaaS
22 50 (11.88%) IaaS

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.75%) SharePoint
2 17 (4.04%) Confluence
3 14 (3.33%) OpenStack
4 13 (3.09%) Apache Spark
5 9 (2.14%) Apache
5 9 (2.14%) Apache Airflow
6 8 (1.90%) IIS
7 7 (1.66%) Tomcat
8 6 (1.43%) nginx
9 5 (1.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.95%) Apache Pig
11 3 (0.71%) CMS
11 3 (0.71%) IBM Domino
11 3 (0.71%) JBoss
12 2 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.48%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.48%) Luigi
12 2 (0.48%) Mule
13 1 (0.24%) Mule ESB
13 1 (0.24%) WildFly
Applications
1 12 (2.85%) MS Visio
2 6 (1.43%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (2.61%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.71%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 196 (46.56%) AWS
2 180 (42.76%) Azure
3 90 (21.38%) GCP
4 59 (14.01%) PaaS
5 50 (11.88%) IaaS
5 50 (11.88%) SaaS
6 34 (8.08%) Serverless
7 31 (7.36%) Microsoft 365
8 29 (6.89%) GitHub
9 18 (4.28%) Power Platform
10 16 (3.80%) Azure Active Directory
10 16 (3.80%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 13 (3.09%) Azure Sentinel
11 13 (3.09%) OpenShift
12 12 (2.85%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (2.85%) Azure Functions
13 11 (2.61%) Apigee
13 11 (2.61%) AWS CloudFormation
14 10 (2.38%) Azure Logic Apps
15 9 (2.14%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 27 (6.41%) Firewall
2 19 (4.51%) LAN
3 17 (4.04%) DNS
4 16 (3.80%) WAN
5 15 (3.56%) BGP
5 15 (3.56%) HTTP
6 13 (3.09%) Network Security
7 11 (2.61%) Reverse Proxy
7 11 (2.61%) TCP/IP
8 10 (2.38%) Kerberos
9 8 (1.90%) SSL
10 6 (1.43%) Ethernet
10 6 (1.43%) Unified Communications
11 5 (1.19%) VPN
12 4 (0.95%) IGMP
12 4 (0.95%) Internet
12 4 (0.95%) OSPF
12 4 (0.95%) Wireless
13 3 (0.71%) MPLS
13 3 (0.71%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (9.26%) SQL Server
2 33 (7.84%) MongoDB
3 32 (7.60%) NoSQL
4 29 (6.89%) Big Data
5 23 (5.46%) Relational Database
6 18 (4.28%) MySQL
6 18 (4.28%) Power BI
7 16 (3.80%) Tableau
8 15 (3.56%) Data Lake
9 11 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
10 10 (2.38%) Hadoop
10 10 (2.38%) RDBMS
11 8 (1.90%) BigQuery
11 8 (1.90%) Couchbase
12 7 (1.66%) PostgreSQL
13 6 (1.43%) Amazon Athena
13 6 (1.43%) Apache Hive
14 4 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (0.95%) Bigtable
14 4 (0.95%) Flink
Development Applications
1 49 (11.64%) Git (software)
2 26 (6.18%) JIRA
3 21 (4.99%) TeamCity
4 19 (4.51%) Jenkins
5 15 (3.56%) Octopus Deploy
5 15 (3.56%) SpecFlow
6 11 (2.61%) Subversion
7 5 (1.19%) Bitbucket
7 5 (1.19%) GitLab
8 4 (0.95%) Serena SBM
9 3 (0.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 3 (0.71%) Visual Studio Code
10 2 (0.48%) AppScan
10 2 (0.48%) Grunt
10 2 (0.48%) IBM UrbanCode
10 2 (0.48%) Maven
10 2 (0.48%) Mercurial
10 2 (0.48%) Mocha
10 2 (0.48%) webpack
11 1 (0.24%) Selenium
General
1 136 (32.30%) Social Skills
2 100 (23.75%) Finance
3 59 (14.01%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (7.84%) Banking
5 16 (3.80%) Public Sector
6 13 (3.09%) Legal
7 11 (2.61%) Influencing Skills
7 11 (2.61%) Presentation Skills
8 10 (2.38%) Financial Institution
9 8 (1.90%) Telecoms
10 7 (1.66%) Marketing
11 6 (1.43%) Investment Banking
12 5 (1.19%) Games
13 4 (0.95%) Organisational Skills
14 3 (0.71%) Billing
14 3 (0.71%) Electronics
14 3 (0.71%) Publishing
15 2 (0.48%) French Language
15 2 (0.48%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 1 (0.24%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 86 (20.43%) Architect
2 70 (16.63%) Developer
3 46 (10.93%) Analyst
4 35 (8.31%) DevOps Engineer
5 25 (5.94%) Azure Engineer
5 25 (5.94%) Cloud Architect
6 22 (5.23%) Cloud Engineer
7 19 (4.51%) Business Analyst
7 19 (4.51%) Consultant
8 18 (4.28%) Data Engineer
8 18 (4.28%) Solutions Architect
9 17 (4.04%) AWS Engineer
9 17 (4.04%) Java Developer
9 17 (4.04%) Senior Developer
9 17 (4.04%) Technical Architect
10 16 (3.80%) Applications Support
10 16 (3.80%) Azure Architect
10 16 (3.80%) Security Architect
11 15 (3.56%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 15 (3.56%) Xamarin Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (9.26%) Web Services
2 34 (8.08%) Node.js
3 33 (7.84%) .NET
4 23 (5.46%) React
4 23 (5.46%) REST
5 22 (5.23%) JSON
6 19 (4.51%) ARM Templates
7 18 (4.28%) CSS
7 18 (4.28%) HTML
7 18 (4.28%) Spring
8 16 (3.80%) LDAP
9 15 (3.56%) Gherkin
9 15 (3.56%) RESTful
10 13 (3.09%) XML
11 12 (2.85%) Middleware
11 12 (2.85%) SOAP
12 11 (2.61%) Kafka
13 10 (2.38%) CSS3
14 9 (2.14%) ASP.NET Web API
14 9 (2.14%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 33 (7.84%) Hybrid Cloud
2 27 (6.41%) Cloud Native
3 25 (5.94%) Data Centre
4 21 (4.99%) Public Cloud
5 17 (4.04%) Management Information System
6 16 (3.80%) Enterprise Cloud
7 12 (2.85%) Enterprise Software
8 10 (2.38%) Virtual Team
9 9 (2.14%) Clustering
9 9 (2.14%) PKI
10 8 (1.90%) Hedge funds
10 8 (1.90%) Mobile App
11 7 (1.66%) Grid Computing
11 7 (1.66%) Legacy Systems
12 6 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (1.43%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (1.43%) Replication
13 5 (1.19%) Algorithms
13 5 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
13 5 (1.19%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 80 (19.00%) Linux
2 66 (15.68%) Windows
3 21 (4.99%) Unix
4 17 (4.04%) Windows Server
5 12 (2.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (2.38%) Windows 10
7 8 (1.90%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (1.66%) Solaris
8 7 (1.66%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (1.66%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (1.43%) Ubuntu
10 5 (1.19%) Android
10 5 (1.19%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.95%) Apple iOS
11 4 (0.95%) SUSE
12 3 (0.71%) CentOS
12 3 (0.71%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.71%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.48%) Debian
13 2 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (37.29%) Agile Software Development
2 131 (31.12%) DevOps
3 80 (19.00%) Infrastructure as Code
4 58 (13.78%) Analytics
4 58 (13.78%) Migration
4 58 (13.78%) Problem-Solving
5 53 (12.59%) Microservices
6 51 (12.11%) Scrum
7 38 (9.03%) Computer Science
8 34 (8.08%) Deployment Automation
9 28 (6.65%) API Design
10 27 (6.41%) Technical Architecture
11 26 (6.18%) Disaster Recovery
11 26 (6.18%) Security Architecture
12 25 (5.94%) Information Security
12 25 (5.94%) ITIL
12 25 (5.94%) Project Management
13 23 (5.46%) Unit Testing
14 22 (5.23%) Change Management
14 22 (5.23%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 132 (31.35%) Python
2 82 (19.48%) SQL
3 72 (17.10%) Java
4 56 (13.30%) JavaScript
5 39 (9.26%) PowerShell
6 26 (6.18%) C#
7 23 (5.46%) Bash Shell
8 16 (3.80%) Scala
8 16 (3.80%) TypeScript
9 15 (3.56%) XAML
10 14 (3.33%) Perl
11 10 (2.38%) C
11 10 (2.38%) C++
11 10 (2.38%) R
12 9 (2.14%) Ruby
13 7 (1.66%) Go
14 6 (1.43%) VBA
15 5 (1.19%) Groovy
16 4 (0.95%) Kotlin
16 4 (0.95%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 50 (11.88%) Degree
2 41 (9.74%) Security Cleared
3 36 (8.55%) SC Cleared
4 13 (3.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (2.61%) CISSP
6 10 (2.38%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (1.43%) CISA
7 6 (1.43%) CISM
7 6 (1.43%) MCP
8 5 (1.19%) CCNP
8 5 (1.19%) MCSE
8 5 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
8 5 (1.19%) MOS
9 4 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.95%) CCNA
9 4 (0.95%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.95%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.71%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.71%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (5.46%) GDPR
2 18 (4.28%) QA
3 10 (2.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 8 (1.90%) Accessibility
5 5 (1.19%) NIST
5 5 (1.19%) SLA
6 4 (0.95%) Cyber Essentials
6 4 (0.95%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.95%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.71%) GRC
7 3 (0.71%) NCSC
8 2 (0.48%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.48%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.24%) PMO
9 1 (0.24%) RMADS
9 1 (0.24%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.24%) SOC 2
System Software
1 57 (13.54%) Docker
2 45 (10.69%) Active Directory
3 29 (6.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (4.04%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (3.33%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.71%) KVM
6 3 (0.71%) NFS
6 3 (0.71%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.48%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.48%) Veritas File System
7 2 (0.48%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 2 (0.48%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.48%) vSphere
8 1 (0.24%) Firmware
8 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.24%) Samba
Systems Management
1 69 (16.39%) Terraform
2 52 (12.35%) Kubernetes
3 51 (12.11%) Ansible
4 20 (4.75%) Puppet
5 16 (3.80%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (1.90%) Packer
7 7 (1.66%) Istio
7 7 (1.66%) Prometheus
8 6 (1.43%) Control-M
8 6 (1.43%) EMC NetWorker
8 6 (1.43%) QRadar
8 6 (1.43%) SCCM
8 6 (1.43%) Tivoli
8 6 (1.43%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 5 (1.19%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 5 (1.19%) Consul
9 5 (1.19%) Grafana
10 4 (0.95%) Microsoft Clustering
11 3 (0.71%) Icinga
11 3 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 93 (22.09%) Microsoft
2 53 (12.59%) Google
3 34 (8.08%) VMware
4 29 (6.89%) Salesforce.com
5 27 (6.41%) Oracle
6 24 (5.70%) Databricks
7 19 (4.51%) Xamarin
8 17 (4.04%) Cisco
9 13 (3.09%) Splunk
10 11 (2.61%) Red Hat
10 11 (2.61%) ServiceNow
11 10 (2.38%) Atlassian
12 8 (1.90%) EMC
13 7 (1.66%) IBM
14 6 (1.43%) BMC
14 6 (1.43%) CyberArk
14 6 (1.43%) Qualys
14 6 (1.43%) SaltStack
15 5 (1.19%) Informatica
15 5 (1.19%) Sophos