Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 345 398 405
Rank change year-on-year +53 +7 -19
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 375 148 481
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.67% 0.44% 0.57%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.90% 1.41% 1.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 260 105 322
10th Percentile £400 £350 £350
25th Percentile £463 £406 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -2.56% -7.14%
75th Percentile £613 £588 £600
90th Percentile £700 £712 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £483
% change year-on-year +10.53% -1.55% -8.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 5
10th Percentile £15.80 " "
25th Percentile £16.25 £18.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate £17.50 £19.25 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% -63.33% +262.07%
75th Percentile £18.75 £23.44 £53.75
90th Percentile £19.20 £30.08 £58.25
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £19.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -2.56% -44.29% +141.38%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 19,716 10,466 24,389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.03% 31.35% 29.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,131 7,527 17,080
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
25th Percentile £419 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £606 £600 £588
90th Percentile £694 £688 £662
UK median daily rate £515 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 143 298
10th Percentile £11.55 £13.32 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.00 £16.50 £15.06
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £39.50 £36.75 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.05 £54.75 £60.38
UK median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +5.25% -2.44% +16.88%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 205 £550 - 76
South East -14 45 £525 +22.09% 31
North of England -6 35 £538 +10.26% 46
South West +9 31 £500 +14.29% 20
Yorkshire -11 16 £500 +2.56% 16
Midlands -45 16 £475 +16.92% 20
North West -14 15 £635 -2.31% 21
East of England -6 12 £455 +7.06% 11
West Midlands -32 12 £513 +46.43% 12
North East -3 4 £700 +55.56% 9
East Midlands -20 4 £475 +5.56% 8
Cloud Computing
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 197 (52.53%) AWS
2 164 (43.73%) Azure
3 119 (31.73%) Agile Software Development
4 98 (26.13%) Social Skills
5 90 (24.00%) Python
6 87 (23.20%) Microsoft
7 84 (22.40%) DevOps
8 78 (20.80%) Finance
9 75 (20.00%) Java
10 72 (19.20%) GCP
11 61 (16.27%) Kubernetes
12 57 (15.20%) SQL
13 54 (14.40%) Linux
13 54 (14.40%) PaaS
13 54 (14.40%) Docker
14 49 (13.07%) Google
14 49 (13.07%) Scrum
15 48 (12.80%) Terraform
16 47 (12.53%) Security Cleared
17 46 (12.27%) SaaS
17 46 (12.27%) Microservices
17 46 (12.27%) IaaS
18 45 (12.00%) Infrastructure as Code
18 45 (12.00%) JavaScript
19 39 (10.40%) Windows
19 39 (10.40%) SC Cleared
19 39 (10.40%) Big Data
20 38 (10.13%) MongoDB
20 38 (10.13%) REST
20 38 (10.13%) Web Services

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (5.60%) Apache Spark
2 14 (3.73%) SharePoint
3 13 (3.47%) Confluence
4 10 (2.67%) Apache
5 9 (2.40%) IBM Domino
5 9 (2.40%) Tomcat
6 7 (1.87%) OpenStack
6 7 (1.87%) WebSphere
6 7 (1.87%) WebSphere Application Server
7 6 (1.60%) Apache ServiceMix
7 6 (1.60%) Ethereum
8 5 (1.33%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (1.33%) Mule
9 4 (1.07%) Apache Pig
9 4 (1.07%) IIS
10 3 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.80%) JBoss
10 3 (0.80%) nginx
10 3 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.53%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 13 (3.47%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.07%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.53%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (2.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.87%) Magento
3 6 (1.60%) Shopify
4 3 (0.80%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.53%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 197 (52.53%) AWS
2 164 (43.73%) Azure
3 72 (19.20%) GCP
4 54 (14.40%) PaaS
5 46 (12.27%) IaaS
5 46 (12.27%) SaaS
6 32 (8.53%) Serverless
7 16 (4.27%) AWS Lambda
7 16 (4.27%) GitHub
7 16 (4.27%) Microsoft 365
8 14 (3.73%) Azure Synapse Analytics
9 13 (3.47%) Power Platform
10 9 (2.40%) Azure Active Directory
10 9 (2.40%) Dynamics 365
11 8 (2.13%) Amazon S3
11 8 (2.13%) Azure Functions
12 7 (1.87%) Azure Stack
12 7 (1.87%) iPaaS
13 6 (1.60%) Azure Logic Apps
14 5 (1.33%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 24 (6.40%) Firewall
1 24 (6.40%) HTTP
2 19 (5.07%) DNS
3 15 (4.00%) Network Security
4 11 (2.93%) LAN
5 10 (2.67%) Kerberos
5 10 (2.67%) VoIP
6 9 (2.40%) TCP/IP
6 9 (2.40%) WAN
7 8 (2.13%) SSL
8 7 (1.87%) Unified Communications
9 6 (1.60%) FTP
9 6 (1.60%) Internet
9 6 (1.60%) SSH
9 6 (1.60%) VPN
10 5 (1.33%) BGP
10 5 (1.33%) VLAN
10 5 (1.33%) Wireless
11 4 (1.07%) DHCP
11 4 (1.07%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (10.40%) Big Data
2 38 (10.13%) MongoDB
3 37 (9.87%) NoSQL
4 36 (9.60%) SQL Server
5 28 (7.47%) Relational Database
6 18 (4.80%) MySQL
7 14 (3.73%) Couchbase
7 14 (3.73%) Data Lake
8 13 (3.47%) Data Warehouse
8 13 (3.47%) Power BI
9 11 (2.93%) Flink
9 11 (2.93%) Hadoop
10 8 (2.13%) BigQuery
11 7 (1.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 7 (1.87%) DB2
11 7 (1.87%) Hazelcast
12 6 (1.60%) Amazon Athena
12 6 (1.60%) Apache Hive
12 6 (1.60%) Blockchain
12 6 (1.60%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 31 (8.27%) Git (software)
2 28 (7.47%) JIRA
3 21 (5.60%) Jenkins
4 13 (3.47%) TeamCity
5 9 (2.40%) Subversion
6 6 (1.60%) Mocha
6 6 (1.60%) Octopus Deploy
6 6 (1.60%) Selenium
6 6 (1.60%) SpecFlow
7 5 (1.33%) Serena SBM
8 4 (1.07%) CircleCI
9 3 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 3 (0.80%) Grunt
9 3 (0.80%) Maven
9 3 (0.80%) Sinon.JS
9 3 (0.80%) webpack
10 2 (0.53%) AppScan
10 2 (0.53%) Cucumber
10 2 (0.53%) Mercurial
11 1 (0.27%) Rational DOORS
General
1 98 (26.13%) Social Skills
2 78 (20.80%) Finance
3 37 (9.87%) Analytical Skills
4 30 (8.00%) Banking
5 27 (7.20%) Public Sector
6 13 (3.47%) Presentation Skills
7 12 (3.20%) Investment Banking
8 10 (2.67%) Telecoms
9 9 (2.40%) Influencing Skills
9 9 (2.40%) Legal
10 6 (1.60%) Financial Institution
10 6 (1.60%) Manufacturing
11 5 (1.33%) Marketing
11 5 (1.33%) Organisational Skills
12 4 (1.07%) Electronics
12 4 (1.07%) Local Government
13 3 (0.80%) Publishing
14 2 (0.53%) Billing
14 2 (0.53%) Law
14 2 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 79 (21.07%) Architect
2 76 (20.27%) Developer
3 32 (8.53%) Java Developer
4 26 (6.93%) DevOps Engineer
5 23 (6.13%) Cloud Architect
6 22 (5.87%) Analyst
7 21 (5.60%) Consultant
8 19 (5.07%) Cloud Engineer
9 18 (4.80%) Senior Developer
10 17 (4.53%) AWS Engineer
11 16 (4.27%) Senior Java Developer
12 15 (4.00%) Applications Support
12 15 (4.00%) Solutions Architect
13 14 (3.73%) Azure Engineer
13 14 (3.73%) Data Engineer
14 13 (3.47%) Security Architect
15 11 (2.93%) Applications Support Analyst
15 11 (2.93%) Support Analyst
16 9 (2.40%) Security Consultant
16 9 (2.40%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (10.13%) REST
1 38 (10.13%) Web Services
2 32 (8.53%) Node.js
3 29 (7.73%) Kafka
4 28 (7.47%) Spring
5 25 (6.67%) JSON
6 23 (6.13%) RESTful
7 17 (4.53%) .NET
7 17 (4.53%) React
8 16 (4.27%) XML
9 12 (3.20%) GraphQL
10 11 (2.93%) AngularJS
10 11 (2.93%) Samza
10 11 (2.93%) SOAP
11 10 (2.67%) HTML
11 10 (2.67%) Middleware
12 9 (2.40%) CSS
12 9 (2.40%) LDAP
12 9 (2.40%) Ruby on Rails
13 8 (2.13%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 23 (6.13%) Data Centre
2 22 (5.87%) Management Information System
3 19 (5.07%) Public Cloud
4 17 (4.53%) Cloud Native
4 17 (4.53%) Hybrid Cloud
5 15 (4.00%) Clustering
6 12 (3.20%) Grid Computing
7 10 (2.67%) Market Risk
7 10 (2.67%) Mobile App
8 8 (2.13%) Enterprise Cloud
8 8 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (2.13%) Replication
9 6 (1.60%) Legacy Systems
10 5 (1.33%) Virtual Team
11 4 (1.07%) Hedge funds
11 4 (1.07%) Mainframe
11 4 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.80%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 3 (0.80%) PKI
12 3 (0.80%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 54 (14.40%) Linux
2 39 (10.40%) Windows
3 19 (5.07%) Unix
4 10 (2.67%) Windows Server
5 7 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (1.87%) Solaris
6 5 (1.33%) Android
6 5 (1.33%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.33%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (1.07%) AIX
7 4 (1.07%) CentOS
7 4 (1.07%) SUSE
8 3 (0.80%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.80%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.80%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
9 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.27%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (31.73%) Agile Software Development
2 84 (22.40%) DevOps
3 49 (13.07%) Scrum
4 46 (12.27%) Microservices
5 45 (12.00%) Infrastructure as Code
6 37 (9.87%) Migration
7 36 (9.60%) Problem-Solving
8 34 (9.07%) Analytics
9 29 (7.73%) Disaster Recovery
9 29 (7.73%) Information Security
10 28 (7.47%) Technical Architecture
11 26 (6.93%) Cybersecurity
11 26 (6.93%) ITIL
12 25 (6.67%) High Availability
13 24 (6.40%) Computer Science
14 22 (5.87%) Open Source
14 22 (5.87%) Unit Testing
15 21 (5.60%) API Design
15 21 (5.60%) Deployment Automation
16 20 (5.33%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 90 (24.00%) Python
2 75 (20.00%) Java
3 57 (15.20%) SQL
4 45 (12.00%) JavaScript
5 27 (7.20%) PowerShell
6 21 (5.60%) Bash Shell
7 19 (5.07%) Ruby
8 16 (4.27%) C#
9 15 (4.00%) Go
10 12 (3.20%) Groovy
10 12 (3.20%) Java 11
10 12 (3.20%) TypeScript
11 9 (2.40%) PHP
12 8 (2.13%) Java 8
13 7 (1.87%) Perl
13 7 (1.87%) Scala
14 6 (1.60%) C++
14 6 (1.60%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.60%) XAML
15 5 (1.33%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 47 (12.53%) Security Cleared
2 39 (10.40%) SC Cleared
3 34 (9.07%) Degree
4 16 (4.27%) CISSP
5 11 (2.93%) Cisco Certification
6 7 (1.87%) CISM
6 7 (1.87%) CRISC
7 6 (1.60%) CCNA
7 6 (1.60%) CISA
7 6 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.60%) ISTQB
7 6 (1.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (1.07%) CCNP
8 4 (1.07%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.53%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (0.53%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.53%) CESG Certified Professional
10 2 (0.53%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 1 (0.27%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (6.13%) QA
2 19 (5.07%) GDPR
3 12 (3.20%) NIST
4 11 (2.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (2.40%) Cyber Essentials
6 8 (2.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.80%) SLA
8 2 (0.53%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.53%) GRC
8 2 (0.53%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.53%) PMO
8 2 (0.53%) RMADS
9 1 (0.27%) Accessibility
9 1 (0.27%) COBIT
9 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.27%) IFRS
9 1 (0.27%) NCSC
9 1 (0.27%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.27%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.27%) SOC 2
System Software
1 54 (14.40%) Docker
2 33 (8.80%) Active Directory
2 33 (8.80%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (3.73%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (1.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (1.87%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (1.60%) Postfix
5 6 (1.60%) qmail
6 4 (1.07%) NFS
6 4 (1.07%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.80%) Veritas File System
8 2 (0.53%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 2 (0.53%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.27%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 1 (0.27%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.27%) KVM
9 1 (0.27%) SRDF
9 1 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.27%) vSphere
9 1 (0.27%) Xen
Systems Management
1 61 (16.27%) Kubernetes
2 48 (12.80%) Terraform
3 36 (9.60%) Ansible
4 19 (5.07%) Puppet
5 10 (2.67%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.87%) Control-M
6 7 (1.87%) EMC NetWorker
6 7 (1.87%) QRadar
6 7 (1.87%) Tivoli
6 7 (1.87%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 6 (1.60%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 4 (1.07%) Netcool
8 4 (1.07%) Packer
9 3 (0.80%) CASB
9 3 (0.80%) Data Guard
9 3 (0.80%) Grafana
9 3 (0.80%) Icinga
9 3 (0.80%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.80%) Red Hat Satellite
9 3 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 87 (23.20%) Microsoft
2 49 (13.07%) Google
3 35 (9.33%) VMware
4 30 (8.00%) Oracle
5 24 (6.40%) Salesforce.com
6 22 (5.87%) IBM
7 19 (5.07%) Databricks
8 18 (4.80%) Splunk
9 14 (3.73%) EMC
10 11 (2.93%) Xamarin
11 10 (2.67%) Cisco
12 9 (2.40%) Red Hat
12 9 (2.40%) Xerox
13 8 (2.13%) AppDynamics
14 7 (1.87%) BMC
14 7 (1.87%) CyberArk
14 7 (1.87%) NetApp
14 7 (1.87%) New Relic
14 7 (1.87%) Qualys
14 7 (1.87%) ServiceNow