Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 270 382 369
Rank change year-on-year +112 -13 +43
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 297 389 649
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.86% 0.59% 0.71%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.60% 1.95% 2.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 222 278 400
Median daily rate £523 £525 £530
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.48% -0.94% -3.64%
10th Percentile £376 £360 £370
90th Percentile £686 £688 £713
UK median daily rate £515 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -1.90% - -2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 3
Median hourly rate £18.00 £19.00 £18.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +1.82% +28.69%
10th Percentile £17.00 £15.22 £17.18
90th Percentile £19.60 £30.78 £19.43
UK median hourly rate £18.75 £19.00 £18.66
% change year-on-year -1.32% +1.82% +28.69%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,420 19,982 23,512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.96% 30.23% 25.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,134 14,069 16,692
Median daily rate £488 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £303 £280 £306
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £495 £490 £495
% change year-on-year +1.02% -1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 202 289 276
Median hourly rate £22.00 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.82% +11.43% -1.41%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.10 £11.25
90th Percentile £59.88 £74.35 £42.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +86 185 £525 -2.78% 65
South East +97 49 £450 -10.00% 23
North of England +75 18 £500 - 21
South West +80 14 £438 -23.91% 10
Midlands +55 12 £500 +11.11% 15
Yorkshire +41 9 £533 +18.33% 4
West Midlands +41 8 £500 +11.11% 9
North West +53 6 £500 - 15
East of England +51 6 £438 +2.94% 20
East Midlands +35 4 - - 5
North East +37 3 £700 +40.00% 2
Cloud Computing
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 140 (47.14%) AWS
2 133 (44.78%) Azure
3 85 (28.62%) Agile Software Development
4 78 (26.26%) DevOps
5 72 (24.24%) Microsoft
6 66 (22.22%) Linux
6 66 (22.22%) Python
7 62 (20.88%) Finance
8 52 (17.51%) Kubernetes
9 51 (17.17%) Java
10 50 (16.84%) SQL
10 50 (16.84%) Windows
11 49 (16.50%) Docker
12 48 (16.16%) VMware
13 45 (15.15%) PaaS
14 44 (14.81%) Microservices
14 44 (14.81%) GCP
15 42 (14.14%) SaaS
15 42 (14.14%) Software Engineering
15 42 (14.14%) JavaScript
16 40 (13.47%) Security Cleared
17 39 (13.13%) Terraform
17 39 (13.13%) IaaS
18 37 (12.46%) C#
18 37 (12.46%) .NET
19 36 (12.12%) Ansible
20 35 (11.78%) TDD
20 35 (11.78%) Google
21 34 (11.45%) Migration
21 34 (11.45%) Web Services

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (6.40%) Apache
2 15 (5.05%) OpenStack
3 13 (4.38%) Apache Airflow
4 12 (4.04%) IIS
5 11 (3.70%) NServiceBus
6 10 (3.37%) CMS
7 9 (3.03%) Apache Spark
8 8 (2.69%) SharePoint
9 6 (2.02%) Confluence
10 4 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (1.01%) JBoss
11 3 (1.01%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.67%) Luigi
12 2 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
12 2 (0.67%) SharePoint 2010
12 2 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
13 1 (0.34%) Apache ServiceMix
13 1 (0.34%) Camunda
13 1 (0.34%) Jupyter
13 1 (0.34%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 7 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (1.01%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.34%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.01%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.67%) Magento
2 2 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.34%) JDE OneWorld
3 1 (0.34%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.34%) SAP CRM
3 1 (0.34%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.34%) SAP IS-U
3 1 (0.34%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 140 (47.14%) AWS
2 133 (44.78%) Azure
3 45 (15.15%) PaaS
4 44 (14.81%) GCP
5 42 (14.14%) SaaS
6 39 (13.13%) IaaS
7 19 (6.40%) Serverless
8 16 (5.39%) Office 365
9 12 (4.04%) Amazon ECS
10 10 (3.37%) GitHub
11 8 (2.69%) Amazon S3
12 7 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
13 6 (2.02%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (1.68%) Azure Active Directory
14 5 (1.68%) Azure Functions
14 5 (1.68%) Power Platform
14 5 (1.68%) Route 53
15 4 (1.35%) IBM Cloud
15 4 (1.35%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 21 (7.07%) DNS
2 20 (6.73%) Network Security
3 19 (6.40%) TCP/IP
4 18 (6.06%) Firewall
5 14 (4.71%) Internet
6 13 (4.38%) Intrusion Detection
7 11 (3.70%) LAN
7 11 (3.70%) WAN
8 10 (3.37%) HTTP
8 10 (3.37%) VPN
9 9 (3.03%) DHCP
9 9 (3.03%) DMZ
9 9 (3.03%) Kerberos
10 8 (2.69%) MPLS
10 8 (2.69%) Unified Communications
10 8 (2.69%) VoIP
11 7 (2.36%) Wireless
12 6 (2.02%) Multicast
13 5 (1.68%) BGP
13 5 (1.68%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (7.74%) NoSQL
2 18 (6.06%) SQL Server
3 16 (5.39%) Amazon RDS
4 15 (5.05%) Big Data
5 13 (4.38%) MongoDB
5 13 (4.38%) MySQL
6 11 (3.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 10 (3.37%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (3.37%) Redis
8 7 (2.36%) Azure SQL Database
9 5 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.68%) Flink
9 5 (1.68%) Power BI
9 5 (1.68%) Relational Database
10 4 (1.35%) Couchbase
10 4 (1.35%) Data Mining
11 3 (1.01%) DB2
11 3 (1.01%) Hazelcast
11 3 (1.01%) Oracle Reports
12 2 (0.67%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 25 (8.42%) Jenkins
2 18 (6.06%) Git (software)
3 14 (4.71%) TeamCity
4 11 (3.70%) JIRA
4 11 (3.70%) webpack
5 10 (3.37%) Cypress.io
6 8 (2.69%) Subversion
7 7 (2.36%) Gradle
8 6 (2.02%) JMeter
8 6 (2.02%) Maven
8 6 (2.02%) Octopus Deploy
8 6 (2.02%) Team Foundation Server
9 5 (1.68%) Selenium
9 5 (1.68%) SonarQube
10 4 (1.35%) MSBuild
11 3 (1.01%) Bitbucket
11 3 (1.01%) Jasmine
11 3 (1.01%) MSTest
11 3 (1.01%) SpecFlow
11 3 (1.01%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 62 (20.88%) Finance
2 27 (9.09%) Public Sector
3 19 (6.40%) Banking
4 14 (4.71%) Retail
5 11 (3.70%) Telecoms
6 10 (3.37%) Investment Banking
7 6 (2.02%) Social Housing
8 3 (1.01%) Law
8 3 (1.01%) Marketing
9 2 (0.67%) Billing
9 2 (0.67%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.67%) French Language
9 2 (0.67%) Front Office
9 2 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.34%) International Banking
10 1 (0.34%) Mandarin Language
10 1 (0.34%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.34%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.34%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.34%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 78 (26.26%) Developer
2 45 (15.15%) Architect
3 21 (7.07%) DevOps Engineer
4 19 (6.40%) Cloud Engineer
4 19 (6.40%) Consultant
5 17 (5.72%) Java Developer
6 16 (5.39%) .NET Developer
6 16 (5.39%) Software Engineer
7 15 (5.05%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 15 (5.05%) Security Architect
8 10 (3.37%) Cloud Architect
8 10 (3.37%) Cloud Consultant
8 10 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
9 9 (3.03%) AWS DevOps
9 9 (3.03%) AWS Engineer
9 9 (3.03%) Network Engineer
10 8 (2.69%) Ruby on Rails Developer
10 8 (2.69%) Support Engineer
11 7 (2.36%) Senior Software Engineer
11 7 (2.36%) Wintel Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (12.46%) .NET
2 34 (11.45%) Web Services
3 30 (10.10%) React
4 29 (9.76%) AngularJS
5 27 (9.09%) REST
6 25 (8.42%) Node.js
7 21 (7.07%) RESTful
8 18 (6.06%) .NET Core
8 18 (6.06%) HTML
8 18 (6.06%) Kafka
9 16 (5.39%) Spring
10 15 (5.05%) RabbitMQ
11 14 (4.71%) ASP.NET
12 13 (4.38%) NumPy
12 13 (4.38%) Pandas
12 13 (4.38%) Redux
13 12 (4.04%) .NET Framework
13 12 (4.04%) jQuery
13 12 (4.04%) JSON
13 12 (4.04%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 24 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (7.74%) Data Structures
3 22 (7.41%) User Experience
4 18 (6.06%) Data Centre
5 17 (5.72%) Management Information System
6 15 (5.05%) Algorithms
7 13 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
8 10 (3.37%) Hybrid Cloud
8 10 (3.37%) Public Cloud
9 9 (3.03%) Clustering
10 7 (2.36%) PKI
11 6 (2.02%) Cloud Native
11 6 (2.02%) Enterprise Cloud
12 5 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
13 4 (1.35%) Grid Computing
13 4 (1.35%) Market Risk
13 4 (1.35%) Mobile App
14 3 (1.01%) Blog
14 3 (1.01%) EMC VMAX
14 3 (1.01%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 66 (22.22%) Linux
2 50 (16.84%) Windows
3 32 (10.77%) Unix
4 12 (4.04%) Solaris
5 8 (2.69%) Windows Server
5 8 (2.69%) Windows Server 2008
5 8 (2.69%) Windows Server 2012
5 8 (2.69%) Windows Server 2016
5 8 (2.69%) Windows Server 2019
6 7 (2.36%) Android
6 7 (2.36%) Apple iOS
7 6 (2.02%) AIX
7 6 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (1.35%) MVS
9 3 (1.01%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.67%) CentOS
11 1 (0.34%) Debian
11 1 (0.34%) SUSE
11 1 (0.34%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.34%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 85 (28.62%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (26.26%) DevOps
3 44 (14.81%) Microservices
4 42 (14.14%) Software Engineering
5 35 (11.78%) TDD
6 34 (11.45%) Migration
7 30 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
8 28 (9.43%) Test Automation
9 27 (9.09%) Data Modelling
9 27 (9.09%) SOA
10 26 (8.75%) Continuous Delivery
10 26 (8.75%) Security Architecture
11 25 (8.42%) Cybersecurity
12 24 (8.08%) Information Security
13 23 (7.74%) SDLC
14 22 (7.41%) TOGAF
15 21 (7.07%) Analytics
15 21 (7.07%) Problem-Solving
16 20 (6.73%) Fintech
16 20 (6.73%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 66 (22.22%) Python
2 51 (17.17%) Java
3 50 (16.84%) SQL
4 42 (14.14%) JavaScript
5 37 (12.46%) C#
6 19 (6.40%) PowerShell
7 12 (4.04%) Kotlin
8 11 (3.70%) Bash Shell
8 11 (3.70%) Ruby
9 10 (3.37%) Go
10 9 (3.03%) Java 8
10 9 (3.03%) T-SQL
11 8 (2.69%) C
12 6 (2.02%) C++
12 6 (2.02%) PHP
12 6 (2.02%) Scala
13 5 (1.68%) TypeScript
14 4 (1.35%) Groovy
14 4 (1.35%) Perl
14 4 (1.35%) R
Qualifications
1 40 (13.47%) Security Cleared
2 24 (8.08%) Degree
2 24 (8.08%) SC Cleared
3 15 (5.05%) CISSP
4 12 (4.04%) CISM
5 11 (3.70%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (3.37%) CESG Certified Professional
6 10 (3.37%) CRISC
7 7 (2.36%) CCNP
8 6 (2.02%) CCNA
9 4 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
9 4 (1.35%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (1.01%) ACCA
10 3 (1.01%) AWS Certification
10 3 (1.01%) BC Cleared
10 3 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (1.01%) CCDP
10 3 (1.01%) CCIP
10 3 (1.01%) CCSP
10 3 (1.01%) CLAS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (5.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 10 (3.37%) Cyber Essentials
3 9 (3.03%) JSP 440
3 9 (3.03%) NCSC
4 8 (2.69%) NIST
4 8 (2.69%) SLA
5 7 (2.36%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 5 (1.68%) COBIT
6 5 (1.68%) QA
7 3 (1.01%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.67%) GDPR
8 2 (0.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.34%) PMO
System Software
1 49 (16.50%) Docker
2 33 (11.11%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (8.75%) Active Directory
4 9 (3.03%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (2.69%) Firmware
5 8 (2.69%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (1.68%) Hyper-V
6 5 (1.68%) KVM
6 5 (1.68%) Xen
7 4 (1.35%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 4 (1.35%) oVirt
7 4 (1.35%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (1.01%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.34%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 1 (0.34%) NFS
9 1 (0.34%) Postfix
9 1 (0.34%) qmail
9 1 (0.34%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 52 (17.51%) Kubernetes
2 39 (13.13%) Terraform
3 36 (12.12%) Ansible
4 18 (6.06%) Single Sign-On
5 16 (5.39%) Puppet
6 14 (4.71%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (2.36%) Microsoft Clustering
8 4 (1.35%) Red Hat Satellite
9 3 (1.01%) CASB
9 3 (1.01%) Cisco CUCM
9 3 (1.01%) Cisco Prime
9 3 (1.01%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.67%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 2 (0.67%) Icinga
10 2 (0.67%) Netcool
10 2 (0.67%) QRadar
10 2 (0.67%) Salt
10 2 (0.67%) SolarWinds Orion
10 2 (0.67%) Tivoli
10 2 (0.67%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 72 (24.24%) Microsoft
2 48 (16.16%) VMware
3 35 (11.78%) Google
4 25 (8.42%) Oracle
5 18 (6.06%) Splunk
6 13 (4.38%) Cisco
6 13 (4.38%) Citrix
7 11 (3.70%) IBM
7 11 (3.70%) ServiceNow
8 8 (2.69%) Rackspace
8 8 (2.69%) Red Hat
9 7 (2.36%) New Relic
9 7 (2.36%) Palo Alto
9 7 (2.36%) SaltStack
9 7 (2.36%) SAP
10 6 (2.02%) Atlassian
11 5 (1.68%) Intel
12 4 (1.35%) EMC
12 4 (1.35%) Juniper
12 4 (1.35%) SolarWinds