Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK > England
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 291 395 379
Rank change year-on-year +104 -16 +16
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 346 266 603
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.82% 0.51% 0.69%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.40% 1.65% 2.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 238 190 373
10th Percentile £406 £356 £350
25th Percentile £452 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% -2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £590
90th Percentile £679 £675 £700
UK median daily rate £505 £490 £517
% change year-on-year +3.06% -5.22% -2.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 9 6
10th Percentile £17.23 £17.37 £16.63
25th Percentile £17.56 £18.50 £17.22
Median hourly rate £18.75 £19.50 £18.66
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% +4.50% -39.36%
75th Percentile £19.56 £29.50 £27.36
90th Percentile £19.68 £33.90 £45.63
UK median hourly rate £19.50 £19.50 £18.66
% change year-on-year - +4.50% -39.36%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,443 16,074 24,616
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.23% 30.84% 28.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,435 11,418 17,380
10th Percentile £313 £288 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 257 248
10th Percentile £11.73 £12.50 £11.18
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.50 £13.24
Median hourly rate £21.18 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% +14.29% -7.01%
75th Percentile £40.00 £39.31 £25.81
90th Percentile £60.00 £61.10 £49.07
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -2.78%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing in England over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the England region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +61 192 £525 -2.33% 44
South East +57 47 £500 +7.80% 19
North of England +50 30 £500 +5.26% 30
South West +54 21 £540 +10.77% 14
Midlands +34 21 £475 +5.56% 11
East of England +51 16 £438 -2.78% 10
North West +43 16 £600 +16.73% 11
West Midlands +28 14 £475 +31.94% 7
Yorkshire +24 10 £475 +5.56% 5
East Midlands +23 7 £475 +5.56% 4
North East +29 4 £700 +40.00% 14
Cloud Computing
UK

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 184 (53.18%) AWS
2 173 (50.00%) Azure
3 92 (26.59%) Microsoft
4 80 (23.12%) Agile Software Development
5 74 (21.39%) DevOps
6 68 (19.65%) Kubernetes
7 65 (18.79%) Linux
8 62 (17.92%) Python
9 61 (17.63%) GCP
10 60 (17.34%) Java
11 59 (17.05%) Docker
12 56 (16.18%) Microservices
12 56 (16.18%) Finance
13 55 (15.90%) Google
13 55 (15.90%) Security Cleared
14 49 (14.16%) VMware
15 46 (13.29%) Terraform
16 45 (13.01%) SQL
16 45 (13.01%) PaaS
17 41 (11.85%) SC Cleared
18 40 (11.56%) JavaScript
19 39 (11.27%) SaaS
19 39 (11.27%) REST
20 38 (10.98%) IaaS
21 37 (10.69%) TDD
22 36 (10.40%) VMware Infrastructure
22 36 (10.40%) Ansible
23 35 (10.12%) Big Data
23 35 (10.12%) .NET
23 35 (10.12%) Web Services

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (5.20%) OpenStack
2 17 (4.91%) Apache
3 13 (3.76%) Apache Spark
4 10 (2.89%) NServiceBus
5 9 (2.60%) Tomcat
6 8 (2.31%) IBM Domino
6 8 (2.31%) WebSphere
6 8 (2.31%) WebSphere Application Server
7 7 (2.02%) Apache Airflow
7 7 (2.02%) Apache ServiceMix
7 7 (2.02%) Ethereum
8 6 (1.73%) Confluence
8 6 (1.73%) SharePoint
9 4 (1.16%) JBoss
9 4 (1.16%) Mule
10 3 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.87%) IIS
10 3 (0.87%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.58%) Drupal
11 2 (0.58%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 13 (3.76%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.16%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.58%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (2.60%) Magento
2 8 (2.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (2.02%) Shopify
4 3 (0.87%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.29%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.29%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.29%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.29%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 184 (53.18%) AWS
2 173 (50.00%) Azure
3 61 (17.63%) GCP
4 45 (13.01%) PaaS
5 39 (11.27%) SaaS
6 38 (10.98%) IaaS
7 29 (8.38%) Serverless
8 13 (3.76%) Microsoft 365
9 10 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (2.60%) Power Platform
11 8 (2.31%) Dynamics 365
12 7 (2.02%) Amazon ECS
12 7 (2.02%) Azure Functions
12 7 (2.02%) GitHub
13 6 (1.73%) Amazon S3
13 6 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (1.45%) Amazon ELB
14 5 (1.45%) Azure Active Directory
15 4 (1.16%) Boomi
16 3 (0.87%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 28 (8.09%) Network Security
2 27 (7.80%) Firewall
3 24 (6.94%) DNS
4 22 (6.36%) HTTP
5 15 (4.34%) TCP/IP
6 14 (4.05%) Internet
6 14 (4.05%) VoIP
7 12 (3.47%) Wireless
8 11 (3.18%) VPN
9 10 (2.89%) Unified Communications
10 9 (2.60%) Intrusion Detection
10 9 (2.60%) LAN
10 9 (2.60%) MPLS
10 9 (2.60%) WAN
11 7 (2.02%) FTP
11 7 (2.02%) SSH
11 7 (2.02%) SSL
11 7 (2.02%) VLAN
12 5 (1.45%) Intranet
12 5 (1.45%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (10.12%) Big Data
2 32 (9.25%) NoSQL
3 25 (7.23%) MongoDB
4 17 (4.91%) MySQL
5 16 (4.62%) SQL Server
6 14 (4.05%) Relational Database
7 12 (3.47%) Amazon RDS
8 11 (3.18%) Couchbase
8 11 (3.18%) Flink
9 10 (2.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (2.89%) DB2
9 10 (2.89%) Hazelcast
10 9 (2.60%) PostgreSQL
10 9 (2.60%) Power BI
11 8 (2.31%) Azure SQL Database
12 7 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
12 7 (2.02%) Blockchain
12 7 (2.02%) Data Warehouse
12 7 (2.02%) Redis
13 5 (1.45%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 22 (6.36%) Git (software)
2 21 (6.07%) Jenkins
2 21 (6.07%) JIRA
3 13 (3.76%) TeamCity
4 9 (2.60%) Selenium
5 6 (1.73%) JMeter
5 6 (1.73%) Octopus Deploy
5 6 (1.73%) webpack
6 5 (1.45%) Cucumber
6 5 (1.45%) Cypress.io
7 4 (1.16%) CircleCI
7 4 (1.16%) Eclipse
7 4 (1.16%) IntelliJ
7 4 (1.16%) JUnit
7 4 (1.16%) Mocha
7 4 (1.16%) Subversion
8 3 (0.87%) Jasmine
8 3 (0.87%) Serena SBM
8 3 (0.87%) Sinon.JS
8 3 (0.87%) SpecFlow
General
1 56 (16.18%) Finance
2 30 (8.67%) Public Sector
3 24 (6.94%) Banking
4 15 (4.34%) Telecoms
5 11 (3.18%) Investment Banking
6 6 (1.73%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.73%) Retail
7 4 (1.16%) Legal
7 4 (1.16%) Marketing
8 3 (0.87%) French Language
8 3 (0.87%) Local Government
8 3 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.58%) Billing
9 2 (0.58%) International Banking
9 2 (0.58%) Spanish Language
10 1 (0.29%) Electronics
10 1 (0.29%) Law
10 1 (0.29%) Mandarin Language
10 1 (0.29%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 83 (23.99%) Developer
2 69 (19.94%) Architect
3 29 (8.38%) Consultant
4 28 (8.09%) Java Developer
5 24 (6.94%) Cloud Engineer
6 22 (6.36%) DevOps Engineer
7 17 (4.91%) Cloud Architect
8 15 (4.34%) Cloud Consultant
9 14 (4.05%) Security Architect
9 14 (4.05%) Senior Developer
10 13 (3.76%) Software Engineer
11 12 (3.47%) Senior Java Developer
12 11 (3.18%) .NET Developer
12 11 (3.18%) Ruby on Rails Developer
12 11 (3.18%) Senior Consultant
13 10 (2.89%) AWS DevOps
13 10 (2.89%) Solutions Architect
14 9 (2.60%) AWS Engineer
14 9 (2.60%) Project Manager
14 9 (2.60%) Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (11.27%) REST
2 35 (10.12%) .NET
2 35 (10.12%) Web Services
3 34 (9.83%) Kafka
4 31 (8.96%) Node.js
5 25 (7.23%) RESTful
6 23 (6.65%) Spring
7 18 (5.20%) .NET Core
8 16 (4.62%) AngularJS
9 15 (4.34%) HTML
10 14 (4.05%) ASP.NET
10 14 (4.05%) JSON
10 14 (4.05%) RabbitMQ
10 14 (4.05%) XML
11 13 (3.76%) ASP.NET Web API
11 13 (3.76%) GraphQL
11 13 (3.76%) Ruby on Rails
12 12 (3.47%) React
13 11 (3.18%) Samza
14 10 (2.89%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 23 (6.65%) Analytical Skills
2 21 (6.07%) Management Information System
3 18 (5.20%) Data Centre
4 14 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (4.05%) Hybrid Cloud
4 14 (4.05%) Public Cloud
5 12 (3.47%) Clustering
6 11 (3.18%) Grid Computing
7 10 (2.89%) Cloud Native
7 10 (2.89%) User Experience
8 8 (2.31%) Market Risk
9 5 (1.45%) Data Structures
9 5 (1.45%) Enterprise Cloud
9 5 (1.45%) Mobile App
9 5 (1.45%) PKI
9 5 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.45%) Virtual Team
10 4 (1.16%) Video Conferencing
11 3 (0.87%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.87%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 65 (18.79%) Linux
2 33 (9.54%) Unix
2 33 (9.54%) Windows
3 6 (1.73%) AIX
4 5 (1.45%) Windows Server
5 4 (1.16%) Android
5 4 (1.16%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.16%) Solaris
6 3 (0.87%) CentOS
6 3 (0.87%) MVS
6 3 (0.87%) SUSE
7 2 (0.58%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.58%) VMS
7 2 (0.58%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
7 2 (0.58%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (23.12%) Agile Software Development
2 74 (21.39%) DevOps
3 56 (16.18%) Microservices
4 37 (10.69%) TDD
5 31 (8.96%) Migration
6 30 (8.67%) Cybersecurity
7 28 (8.09%) Scrum
8 27 (7.80%) BDD
8 27 (7.80%) Security Architecture
8 27 (7.80%) Unit Testing
9 25 (7.23%) Information Security
9 25 (7.23%) Open Source
9 25 (7.23%) Problem-Solving
9 25 (7.23%) Software Engineering
10 24 (6.94%) Disaster Recovery
10 24 (6.94%) Infrastructure as Code
11 23 (6.65%) Continuous Delivery
12 22 (6.36%) Test Automation
13 21 (6.07%) Continuous Integration
13 21 (6.07%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 62 (17.92%) Python
2 60 (17.34%) Java
3 45 (13.01%) SQL
4 40 (11.56%) JavaScript
5 30 (8.67%) C#
6 19 (5.49%) Go
7 18 (5.20%) Ruby
8 17 (4.91%) Bash Shell
9 13 (3.76%) Java 8
10 12 (3.47%) PHP
10 12 (3.47%) PowerShell
11 11 (3.18%) Groovy
12 9 (2.60%) T-SQL
12 9 (2.60%) TypeScript
13 7 (2.02%) C++
13 7 (2.02%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.73%) Kotlin
14 6 (1.73%) Perl
15 3 (0.87%) ES6
15 3 (0.87%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 55 (15.90%) Security Cleared
2 41 (11.85%) SC Cleared
3 23 (6.65%) Degree
4 17 (4.91%) CISSP
5 12 (3.47%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (3.47%) CRISC
6 9 (2.60%) CISM
7 8 (2.31%) CCNA
7 8 (2.31%) CESG Certified Professional
8 7 (2.02%) CCNP
9 5 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.87%) APMP
11 3 (0.87%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.58%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.58%) CCSA
12 2 (0.58%) CREST Certified
12 2 (0.58%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.58%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (5.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 15 (4.34%) QA
3 13 (3.76%) Cyber Essentials
3 13 (3.76%) NIST
4 11 (3.18%) GDPR
5 6 (1.73%) COBIT
5 6 (1.73%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 6 (1.73%) JSP 440
5 6 (1.73%) NCSC
6 4 (1.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.58%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.29%) GRC
8 1 (0.29%) IEC 62304
8 1 (0.29%) IFRS
8 1 (0.29%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.29%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.29%) PMO
8 1 (0.29%) RMADS
System Software
1 59 (17.05%) Docker
2 36 (10.40%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (6.07%) Active Directory
4 10 (2.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (2.89%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (2.60%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (2.02%) Postfix
6 7 (2.02%) qmail
7 3 (0.87%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.87%) KVM
7 3 (0.87%) NFS
7 3 (0.87%) VMware NSX
7 3 (0.87%) Xen
8 2 (0.58%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 2 (0.58%) Veritas File System
9 1 (0.29%) Firmware
9 1 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.29%) SRDF
9 1 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 68 (19.65%) Kubernetes
2 46 (13.29%) Terraform
3 36 (10.40%) Ansible
4 16 (4.62%) Puppet
5 11 (3.18%) Single Sign-On
6 7 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (1.45%) CASB
8 4 (1.16%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 3 (0.87%) Cisco CUCM
9 3 (0.87%) Cisco Prime
9 3 (0.87%) Control-M
9 3 (0.87%) EMC NetWorker
9 3 (0.87%) Icinga
9 3 (0.87%) ITRS Geneos
9 3 (0.87%) Netcool
9 3 (0.87%) QRadar
9 3 (0.87%) Tivoli
9 3 (0.87%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 2 (0.58%) HP Fortify
10 2 (0.58%) Nessus
Vendors
1 92 (26.59%) Microsoft
2 55 (15.90%) Google
3 49 (14.16%) VMware
4 26 (7.51%) Oracle
5 25 (7.23%) IBM
6 16 (4.62%) Splunk
7 15 (4.34%) Cisco
8 14 (4.05%) Rackspace
9 12 (3.47%) New Relic
10 11 (3.18%) AppDynamics
11 10 (2.89%) EMC
12 8 (2.31%) Xerox
13 7 (2.02%) Dynatrace
13 7 (2.02%) Red Hat
13 7 (2.02%) SAP
14 6 (1.73%) Dell
14 6 (1.73%) NetApp
14 6 (1.73%) Palo Alto
15 5 (1.45%) Atlassian
15 5 (1.45%) SolarWinds