Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 62 48 39
Rank change year-on-year -14 -9 -7
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,397 3,982 4,364
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.75% 4.38% 4.89%
As % of the Operating Systems category 17.94% 21.03% 23.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,167 2,555 2,776
England median daily rate £495 £500 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.00% +13.64% +2.33%
10th Percentile £327 £320 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £488 £438
% change year-on-year -2.56% +11.43% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 70 77
England median hourly rate £35.00 £31.33 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.73% -12.99% -2.70%
10th Percentile £15.30 £14.13 £18.41
90th Percentile £49.25 £47.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £31.15 £36.00
% change year-on-year +12.36% -13.47% -2.70%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,940 18,932 18,780
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.92% 20.82% 21.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,871 12,220 11,923
England median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £163 £170 £198
90th Percentile £613 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £403
% change year-on-year - +5.59% +0.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,214 1,144 1,131
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -2.02%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £45.09
UK median hourly rate £17.41 £17.43 £16.50
% change year-on-year -0.11% +5.64% -1.08%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -21 1,698 £525 - 297
South East -14 617 £429 -4.61% 135
North of England -16 383 £430 +1.18% 103
Midlands +4 278 £400 +6.67% 58
West Midlands +5 211 £400 - 41
East of England +45 209 £450 -5.26% 54
South West -8 207 £463 +5.11% 56
Yorkshire +2 182 £425 -5.56% 56
North West +5 171 £433 +1.88% 41
East Midlands -16 66 £395 +12.86% 17
North East -57 32 £475 +18.75% 6
South Coast - 1 - -
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,974 (58.11%) Linux
2 1,186 (34.91%) Java
3 1,179 (34.71%) SQL
4 1,161 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
5 1,038 (30.56%) Windows
6 941 (27.70%) Oracle
7 852 (25.08%) Python
8 713 (20.99%) Git (software)
9 679 (19.99%) DevOps
10 600 (17.66%) Finance
11 597 (17.57%) Jenkins
12 564 (16.60%) Shell Script
13 525 (15.45%) Amazon AWS
14 518 (15.25%) Test Automation
15 482 (14.19%) Ansible
16 468 (13.78%) Continuous Integration
17 438 (12.89%) Docker
18 425 (12.51%) Relational Database
18 425 (12.51%) JIRA
19 414 (12.19%) Puppet
20 409 (12.04%) Banking
21 399 (11.75%) JavaScript
22 395 (11.63%) Perl
23 362 (10.66%) SQL Server
24 353 (10.39%) Spring
25 348 (10.24%) Scrum
26 346 (10.19%) HTML
26 346 (10.19%) Security Cleared
27 344 (10.13%) Configuration Management
28 343 (10.10%) Problem-Solving

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 311 (9.16%) Apache
2 259 (7.62%) Confluence
3 239 (7.04%) WebLogic
4 153 (4.50%) Tomcat
5 149 (4.39%) JBoss
6 117 (3.44%) WebSphere
7 116 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
8 110 (3.24%) Apache Spark
9 71 (2.09%) IIS
10 67 (1.97%) SAS
11 58 (1.71%) nginx
12 51 (1.50%) WildFly
13 42 (1.24%) SharePoint
14 41 (1.21%) Mule
14 41 (1.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 39 (1.15%) MS Exchange
16 37 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
17 26 (0.77%) CMS
18 24 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 24 (0.71%) CICS
Applications
1 99 (2.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 88 (2.59%) Microsoft Office
3 68 (2.00%) MS Visio
4 30 (0.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.50%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.18%) CATIA
7 4 (0.12%) HipChat
7 4 (0.12%) Siemens NX
7 4 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.088%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.059%) GIMP
10 1 (0.029%) SPSS
10 1 (0.029%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 23 (0.68%) Remedy ITSM
2 18 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
3 14 (0.41%) HiPortfolio
4 13 (0.38%) ION MarketView
4 13 (0.38%) SAP FI-CA
4 13 (0.38%) SAP PSCD
5 12 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
6 11 (0.32%) Actimize
6 11 (0.32%) Magento
6 11 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
6 11 (0.32%) Oracle Retail
7 10 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
7 10 (0.29%) Sentinel
8 9 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
9 5 (0.15%) HFM
9 5 (0.15%) Maximo
10 4 (0.12%) assyst
10 4 (0.12%) Fredhopper
10 4 (0.12%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 525 (15.45%) Amazon AWS
2 207 (6.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 170 (5.00%) GitHub
4 104 (3.06%) Amazon EC2
5 100 (2.94%) Amazon S3
6 90 (2.65%) PaaS
7 81 (2.38%) Google Cloud Platform
8 74 (2.18%) IaaS
8 74 (2.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 58 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
10 46 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 43 (1.27%) SaaS
12 42 (1.24%) OpenShift
13 34 (1.00%) Google Analytics
13 34 (1.00%) Office 365
14 31 (0.91%) Serverless
15 29 (0.85%) Amazon Glacier
16 28 (0.82%) Datadog
17 27 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
17 27 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 247 (7.27%) Firewall
2 231 (6.80%) HTTP
2 231 (6.80%) TCP/IP
3 144 (4.24%) SSL
4 138 (4.06%) DNS
5 102 (3.00%) Internet
6 100 (2.94%) SAN
7 75 (2.21%) LAN
8 71 (2.09%) VPN
9 66 (1.94%) WAN
10 54 (1.59%) Kerberos
10 54 (1.59%) Network Security
11 39 (1.15%) SNMP
12 37 (1.09%) DHCP
12 37 (1.09%) NAS
13 36 (1.06%) BIG-IP
14 35 (1.03%) SSH
15 29 (0.85%) OSPF
16 28 (0.82%) BGP
17 26 (0.77%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 425 (12.51%) Relational Database
2 362 (10.66%) SQL Server
3 250 (7.36%) MySQL
4 243 (7.15%) Hadoop
5 231 (6.80%) Big Data
6 203 (5.98%) Oracle Database
7 190 (5.59%) NoSQL
8 174 (5.12%) PostgreSQL
9 173 (5.09%) MongoDB
10 159 (4.68%) RDBMS
11 140 (4.12%) Apache Hive
12 101 (2.97%) HBase
13 87 (2.56%) Data Warehouse
14 76 (2.24%) DB2
15 73 (2.15%) Oracle Database 12c
16 62 (1.83%) Oracle Database 11g
17 58 (1.71%) BusinessObjects
17 58 (1.71%) Oracle Reports
18 57 (1.68%) Impala
19 51 (1.50%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 713 (20.99%) Git (software)
2 597 (17.57%) Jenkins
3 425 (12.51%) JIRA
4 246 (7.24%) Maven
5 214 (6.30%) Cucumber
6 209 (6.15%) Subversion
7 181 (5.33%) JUnit
8 178 (5.24%) Selenium
9 111 (3.27%) Mockito
10 89 (2.62%) Bitbucket
11 88 (2.59%) Artifactory
12 85 (2.50%) Ant
13 75 (2.21%) Sonatype Nexus
14 73 (2.15%) Gradle
15 72 (2.12%) TeamCity
16 70 (2.06%) Eclipse
17 61 (1.80%) SonarQube
18 60 (1.77%) Gatling
19 58 (1.71%) Checkstyle
20 54 (1.59%) GitLab
General
1 600 (17.66%) Finance
2 409 (12.04%) Banking
3 179 (5.27%) Investment Banking
4 161 (4.74%) Front Office
5 117 (3.44%) Retail
6 75 (2.21%) Telecoms
7 47 (1.38%) Back Office
8 36 (1.06%) Financial Institution
9 30 (0.88%) Manufacturing
10 27 (0.79%) Marketing
11 22 (0.65%) Games
12 21 (0.62%) Advertising
12 21 (0.62%) Publishing
13 19 (0.56%) Retail Banking
14 17 (0.50%) Aerospace
15 16 (0.47%) Law
16 15 (0.44%) Legal
17 14 (0.41%) Automotive
17 14 (0.41%) Electronics
18 5 (0.15%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,040 (30.62%) Developer
2 444 (13.07%) Java Developer
3 346 (10.19%) Analyst
4 286 (8.42%) DevOps Engineer
5 264 (7.77%) Architect
6 219 (6.45%) Administrator
7 119 (3.50%) Systems Administrator
8 111 (3.27%) Unix Engineer
9 107 (3.15%) Linux Engineer
10 105 (3.09%) DBA
11 104 (3.06%) Test Analyst
12 97 (2.86%) Consultant
13 94 (2.77%) AWS Engineer
14 93 (2.74%) Senior Developer
15 92 (2.71%) Support Analyst
16 71 (2.09%) AWS DevOps
17 68 (2.00%) Technical Architect
17 68 (2.00%) Tester
18 67 (1.97%) Applications Support
18 67 (1.97%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 353 (10.39%) Spring
2 346 (10.19%) HTML
3 332 (9.77%) REST
4 306 (9.01%) XML
5 296 (8.71%) Middleware
6 259 (7.62%) J2EE
7 242 (7.12%) CSS
8 228 (6.71%) Web Services
9 177 (5.21%) JSON
10 169 (4.97%) RESTful
11 164 (4.83%) Hibernate
12 149 (4.39%) SOAP
13 142 (4.18%) Node.js
14 139 (4.09%) Kafka
15 125 (3.68%) AngularJS
16 122 (3.59%) HTML5
17 113 (3.33%) .NET
18 110 (3.24%) JMS
19 104 (3.06%) Java EE
20 100 (2.94%) React
Miscellaneous
1 294 (8.65%) Analytical Skills
2 221 (6.51%) Linux Command Line
3 160 (4.71%) Data Centre
4 114 (3.36%) Mainframe
5 87 (2.56%) Management Information System
6 76 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
7 74 (2.18%) Derivative
8 71 (2.09%) Fixed Income
9 62 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 59 (1.74%) Virtual Team
11 56 (1.65%) Replication
12 55 (1.62%) Greenfield Project
13 54 (1.59%) Clustering
14 49 (1.44%) Wiki
15 48 (1.41%) Public Cloud
16 46 (1.35%) Equities
16 46 (1.35%) User Experience
17 36 (1.06%) Data Structures
18 33 (0.97%) Algorithms
18 33 (0.97%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 1,974 (58.11%) Linux
2 1,038 (30.56%) Windows
3 303 (8.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 241 (7.09%) Solaris
5 206 (6.06%) Windows Server
6 107 (3.15%) Mac OS X
7 104 (3.06%) AIX
8 88 (2.59%) CentOS
9 76 (2.24%) Ubuntu
10 56 (1.65%) Windows Server 2012
11 50 (1.47%) VMS
12 46 (1.35%) Apple iOS
13 43 (1.27%) Windows Server 2008
14 41 (1.21%) zOS
15 38 (1.12%) Windows 7
16 28 (0.82%) Mac OS
17 26 (0.77%) Oracle Linux
18 23 (0.68%) Windows XP
19 21 (0.62%) HPUX
20 20 (0.59%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,161 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
2 679 (19.99%) DevOps
3 518 (15.25%) Test Automation
4 468 (13.78%) Continuous Integration
5 348 (10.24%) Scrum
6 344 (10.13%) Configuration Management
7 343 (10.10%) Problem-Solving
8 341 (10.04%) TDD
9 306 (9.01%) OO
10 263 (7.74%) ITIL
11 252 (7.42%) Open Source
12 238 (7.01%) Microservices
13 228 (6.71%) BDD
14 221 (6.51%) Migration
15 190 (5.59%) ETL
16 181 (5.33%) Performance Tuning
17 174 (5.12%) Continuous Delivery
18 166 (4.89%) Test Scripting
19 164 (4.83%) SDLC
20 159 (4.68%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,186 (34.91%) Java
2 1,179 (34.71%) SQL
3 852 (25.08%) Python
4 564 (16.60%) Shell Script
5 399 (11.75%) JavaScript
6 395 (11.63%) Perl
7 257 (7.57%) PL/SQL
8 233 (6.86%) Bash Shell
9 189 (5.56%) Ruby
10 170 (5.00%) Java 8
11 153 (4.50%) C++
12 149 (4.39%) PowerShell
13 138 (4.06%) C#
14 129 (3.80%) Scala
15 125 (3.68%) C
16 122 (3.59%) PHP
17 99 (2.91%) Korn
18 65 (1.91%) Groovy
19 48 (1.41%) JPQL
20 42 (1.24%) R
Qualifications
1 346 (10.19%) Security Cleared
2 257 (7.57%) SC Cleared
3 175 (5.15%) Degree
4 107 (3.15%) ISTQB
5 106 (3.12%) ISEB
6 71 (2.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 64 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
8 61 (1.80%) Cisco Certification
9 48 (1.41%) DV Cleared
10 45 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
11 38 (1.12%) MCSE
12 37 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
13 35 (1.03%) CCNA
14 25 (0.74%) CISSP
15 23 (0.68%) AWS Certification
16 21 (0.62%) MCP
17 20 (0.59%) CCIE
17 20 (0.59%) CCNP
18 16 (0.47%) MCSA
19 14 (0.41%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 131 (3.86%) QA
2 40 (1.18%) SLA
3 29 (0.85%) Data Quality
4 21 (0.62%) PCI DSS
5 19 (0.56%) GDPR
6 15 (0.44%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 12 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 9 (0.26%) MiFID
9 8 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.12%) PMO
11 3 (0.088%) COBIT
11 3 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 1 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.029%) Government Security Classifications
13 1 (0.029%) IAS 39
13 1 (0.029%) IFRS
13 1 (0.029%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.029%) OASIS TOSCA
13 1 (0.029%) PSD2
System Software
1 438 (12.89%) Docker
2 206 (6.06%) Active Directory
3 159 (4.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 103 (3.03%) HDFS
5 77 (2.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 59 (1.74%) Oracle RAC
7 53 (1.56%) vSphere
8 37 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
9 34 (1.00%) VMware ESXi
10 32 (0.94%) NFS
11 24 (0.71%) Hyper-V
12 20 (0.59%) Time Sharing Option
12 20 (0.59%) XenApp
13 19 (0.56%) Virtual Servers
14 17 (0.50%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 13 (0.38%) Firmware
15 13 (0.38%) VMware Workstation
15 13 (0.38%) Xen
16 12 (0.35%) Apache Flume
16 12 (0.35%) KVM
Systems Management
1 482 (14.19%) Ansible
2 414 (12.19%) Puppet
3 278 (8.18%) Opscode Chef
4 199 (5.86%) Kubernetes
5 187 (5.50%) Terraform
6 106 (3.12%) Hadoop YARN
7 68 (2.00%) Kibana
8 62 (1.83%) Grafana
9 46 (1.35%) NetBackup
10 42 (1.24%) ITRS Geneos
11 41 (1.21%) ZABBIX
12 38 (1.12%) Tivoli
13 37 (1.09%) logstash
14 36 (1.06%) Nagios
14 36 (1.06%) Rancher
15 34 (1.00%) BladeLogic
16 32 (0.94%) SCCM
17 31 (0.91%) Data Guard
18 30 (0.88%) Red Hat Satellite
19 29 (0.85%) Control-M
Vendors
1 941 (27.70%) Oracle
2 315 (9.27%) Microsoft
3 302 (8.89%) Red Hat
4 272 (8.01%) VMware
5 195 (5.74%) IBM
6 140 (4.12%) Splunk
7 128 (3.77%) Google
8 124 (3.65%) webMethods
9 122 (3.59%) Cisco
10 102 (3.00%) Sybase
11 96 (2.83%) HP
12 90 (2.65%) Citrix
13 81 (2.38%) Cloudera
14 80 (2.36%) SAP
15 79 (2.33%) NetApp
16 73 (2.15%) F5
17 64 (1.88%) Informatica
18 57 (1.68%) Adobe
19 54 (1.59%) Remedy
20 50 (1.47%) Atlassian