Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 48 40 31
Rank change year-on-year -8 -9 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,875 4,336 5,361
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.19% 4.88% 5.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 20.15% 23.45% 25.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,510 2,805 3,361
England median daily rate £500 £440 £434
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.64% +1.38% +2.12%
10th Percentile £338 £305 £288
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £499 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +14.00% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 77 97
England median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% +12.36%
10th Percentile £14.33 £18.78 £17.00
90th Percentile £52.75 £50.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £34.75
% change year-on-year -7.14% +0.72% +4.51%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,226 18,488 21,272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.79% 20.81% 21.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,423 11,781 12,849
England median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £173 £200 £193
90th Percentile £620 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,145 1,156 1,630
England median hourly rate £17.25 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.50 £10.33
90th Percentile £47.83 £45.25 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.03% - +3.13%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 2,255 £525 +5.79% 362
South East -8 684 £457 +8.05% 131
North of England -32 371 £425 +6.25% 102
Midlands -12 273 £400 - 62
West Midlands -9 163 £427 -0.70% 32
Yorkshire -21 157 £450 +5.88% 42
South West +2 148 £450 +20.00% 59
North West -43 134 £425 - 55
East of England -31 127 £475 +47.86% 104
East Midlands -17 103 £375 -3.23% 29
North East -14 88 £400 +15.94% 5
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,277 (58.76%) Linux
2 1,511 (38.99%) Java
3 1,285 (33.16%) SQL
4 1,157 (29.86%) Agile Software Development
5 1,000 (25.81%) Oracle
6 964 (24.88%) Windows
7 948 (24.46%) Finance
8 891 (22.99%) Python
9 832 (21.47%) DevOps
10 756 (19.51%) Git (software)
11 645 (16.65%) Shell Script
12 634 (16.36%) Jenkins
13 618 (15.95%) Banking
14 512 (13.21%) Relational Database
15 500 (12.90%) Perl
16 494 (12.75%) Amazon AWS
17 478 (12.34%) Continuous Integration
18 464 (11.97%) Analytical Skills
19 457 (11.79%) Test Automation
20 435 (11.23%) Docker
21 433 (11.17%) Puppet
22 420 (10.84%) Ansible
23 418 (10.79%) Solaris
24 415 (10.71%) Security Cleared
25 408 (10.53%) Red Hat
26 404 (10.43%) Spring
27 401 (10.35%) JavaScript
28 380 (9.81%) JIRA
29 377 (9.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
30 371 (9.57%) Web Services

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 302 (7.79%) Apache
2 242 (6.25%) Confluence
3 234 (6.04%) Tomcat
4 196 (5.06%) JBoss
5 147 (3.79%) WebLogic
6 136 (3.51%) WebSphere
7 93 (2.40%) Apache Spark
8 85 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
9 82 (2.12%) SAS
10 79 (2.04%) IIS
11 73 (1.88%) WildFly
12 56 (1.45%) nginx
13 55 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
14 53 (1.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 49 (1.26%) OpenStack
16 42 (1.08%) MQSeries
17 38 (0.98%) MS Exchange
18 37 (0.95%) CMS
19 31 (0.80%) SharePoint
20 26 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 63 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (1.50%) Microsoft Office
3 55 (1.42%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.36%) HipChat
5 9 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.15%) SPSS
7 5 (0.13%) Pipeline Pilot
8 2 (0.052%) Weka
9 1 (0.026%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.026%) EngageOne
9 1 (0.026%) PrintSoft PReS
9 1 (0.026%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 34 (0.88%) Oracle Applications
2 28 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
3 22 (0.57%) Temenos T24
4 21 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
5 20 (0.52%) Magento
6 17 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
7 15 (0.39%) ION MarketView
7 15 (0.39%) RMDS
8 13 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
8 13 (0.34%) Kondor
9 12 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
9 12 (0.31%) Oracle 11i
10 9 (0.23%) Sonata
11 6 (0.15%) SAP ERP
12 5 (0.13%) HiPortfolio
12 5 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
12 5 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
12 5 (0.13%) Temenos Globus
13 4 (0.10%) Global One
13 4 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 494 (12.75%) Amazon AWS
2 181 (4.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 166 (4.28%) GitHub
4 81 (2.09%) Amazon EC2
5 63 (1.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 61 (1.57%) PaaS
7 60 (1.55%) Amazon S3
8 55 (1.42%) Serverless
9 51 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
9 51 (1.32%) SaaS
10 49 (1.26%) IaaS
11 46 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
11 46 (1.19%) Route 53
12 44 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 44 (1.14%) npm
13 40 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
14 37 (0.95%) CloudFront
15 33 (0.85%) Google Cloud Platform
16 24 (0.62%) OpenShift
17 18 (0.46%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 284 (7.33%) Firewall
2 253 (6.53%) TCP/IP
3 180 (4.65%) HTTP
4 144 (3.72%) SAN
5 112 (2.89%) DNS
6 91 (2.35%) Internet
7 89 (2.30%) Network Security
8 80 (2.06%) SSL
9 71 (1.83%) WAN
10 70 (1.81%) LAN
11 67 (1.73%) NAS
12 63 (1.63%) VPN
13 47 (1.21%) SMS
14 40 (1.03%) Kerberos
15 38 (0.98%) DHCP
16 35 (0.90%) SNMP
17 34 (0.88%) SSH
18 33 (0.85%) VLAN
19 32 (0.83%) Intrusion Detection
20 28 (0.72%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 512 (13.21%) Relational Database
2 302 (7.79%) SQL Server
3 256 (6.61%) Oracle Database
4 246 (6.35%) MySQL
5 229 (5.91%) NoSQL
6 216 (5.57%) RDBMS
7 203 (5.24%) Big Data
8 178 (4.59%) Hadoop
9 152 (3.92%) MongoDB
10 138 (3.56%) PostgreSQL
11 128 (3.30%) DB2
12 108 (2.79%) Apache Cassandra
13 78 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
14 69 (1.78%) Oracle Database 11g
15 65 (1.68%) HBase
16 56 (1.45%) Apache Hive
17 54 (1.39%) Redis
18 50 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
19 43 (1.11%) Oracle Database 12c
20 40 (1.03%) KDB
Development Applications
1 756 (19.51%) Git (software)
2 634 (16.36%) Jenkins
3 380 (9.81%) JIRA
4 356 (9.19%) Maven
5 247 (6.37%) JUnit
6 244 (6.30%) Subversion
7 200 (5.16%) Mockito
8 148 (3.82%) Cucumber
9 140 (3.61%) Selenium
10 125 (3.23%) TeamCity
11 104 (2.68%) Gradle
12 102 (2.63%) Sonatype Nexus
13 90 (2.32%) Liquibase
14 85 (2.19%) Vagrant
15 80 (2.06%) Checkstyle
16 79 (2.04%) Eclipse
17 77 (1.99%) SonarQube
18 66 (1.70%) IntelliJ
19 61 (1.57%) Ant
20 57 (1.47%) JMeter
General
1 948 (24.46%) Finance
2 618 (15.95%) Banking
3 238 (6.14%) Investment Banking
4 206 (5.32%) Front Office
5 90 (2.32%) Retail
6 81 (2.09%) Telecoms
7 65 (1.68%) Financial Institution
8 57 (1.47%) Games
9 33 (0.85%) Back Office
9 33 (0.85%) Retail Banking
10 31 (0.80%) Manufacturing
11 28 (0.72%) Legal
12 23 (0.59%) Marketing
13 20 (0.52%) Electronics
14 17 (0.44%) Law
15 13 (0.34%) Publishing
16 11 (0.28%) Advertising
17 10 (0.26%) Billing
18 7 (0.18%) Automotive
18 7 (0.18%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,205 (31.10%) Developer
2 546 (14.09%) Java Developer
3 419 (10.81%) DevOps Engineer
4 418 (10.79%) Analyst
5 251 (6.48%) Consultant
6 232 (5.99%) Administrator
7 229 (5.91%) Architect
8 181 (4.67%) Senior Developer
9 156 (4.03%) Linux Engineer
10 154 (3.97%) Unix Engineer
11 151 (3.90%) Support Analyst
12 132 (3.41%) Senior Java Developer
13 131 (3.38%) C++ Developer
14 125 (3.23%) Applications Support
15 124 (3.20%) AWS DevOps
16 121 (3.12%) AWS Engineer
17 117 (3.02%) Systems Administrator
18 110 (2.84%) DBA
19 96 (2.48%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 94 (2.43%) Unix Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 404 (10.43%) Spring
2 371 (9.57%) Web Services
3 360 (9.29%) REST
4 325 (8.39%) XML
5 299 (7.72%) RESTful
6 267 (6.89%) HTML
7 242 (6.25%) J2EE
8 231 (5.96%) JSON
9 217 (5.60%) Middleware
10 210 (5.42%) Hibernate
11 187 (4.83%) JMS
12 179 (4.62%) .NET
13 178 (4.59%) Node.js
14 175 (4.52%) CSS
14 175 (4.52%) SOAP
15 161 (4.15%) Kafka
16 123 (3.17%) Elastic Stack
17 118 (3.05%) AngularJS
18 112 (2.89%) FIX Protocol
19 102 (2.63%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 464 (11.97%) Analytical Skills
2 237 (6.12%) Linux Command Line
3 162 (4.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 142 (3.66%) Data Centre
5 111 (2.86%) Computer Science
5 111 (2.86%) Management Information System
6 85 (2.19%) Equities
7 75 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
8 73 (1.88%) Clustering
9 72 (1.86%) Derivative
9 72 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
10 64 (1.65%) Algorithms
11 59 (1.52%) Fixed Income
12 57 (1.47%) Mainframe
12 57 (1.47%) Replication
13 55 (1.42%) SWIFT
14 50 (1.29%) Data Structures
14 50 (1.29%) PKI
14 50 (1.29%) Public Cloud
15 40 (1.03%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,277 (58.76%) Linux
2 964 (24.88%) Windows
3 418 (10.79%) Solaris
4 377 (9.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 214 (5.52%) AIX
6 166 (4.28%) Windows Server
7 153 (3.95%) Mac OS X
8 112 (2.89%) CentOS
9 92 (2.37%) HPUX
10 81 (2.09%) VMS
11 60 (1.55%) Windows Server 2008
12 49 (1.26%) Windows Server 2003
13 43 (1.11%) SUSE
14 41 (1.06%) Windows Server 2012
15 39 (1.01%) Windows 7
16 33 (0.85%) Ubuntu
17 30 (0.77%) Mac OS
18 28 (0.72%) Apple iOS
19 27 (0.70%) Windows XP
20 25 (0.65%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,157 (29.86%) Agile Software Development
2 832 (21.47%) DevOps
3 478 (12.34%) Continuous Integration
4 457 (11.79%) Test Automation
5 349 (9.01%) TDD
6 318 (8.21%) Configuration Management
7 317 (8.18%) Scrum
8 280 (7.23%) OO
9 272 (7.02%) Microservices
10 267 (6.89%) Migration
11 251 (6.48%) ITIL
12 240 (6.19%) Open Source
13 220 (5.68%) SDLC
14 212 (5.47%) BDD
15 197 (5.08%) Continuous Delivery
16 188 (4.85%) Software Engineering
17 185 (4.77%) Mentoring
18 175 (4.52%) Performance Tuning
19 174 (4.49%) Web Development
20 171 (4.41%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 1,511 (38.99%) Java
2 1,285 (33.16%) SQL
3 891 (22.99%) Python
4 645 (16.65%) Shell Script
5 500 (12.90%) Perl
6 401 (10.35%) JavaScript
7 363 (9.37%) Bash Shell
8 288 (7.43%) Ruby
9 270 (6.97%) PL/SQL
10 251 (6.48%) C++
11 186 (4.80%) Scala
12 153 (3.95%) C
13 143 (3.69%) PHP
14 138 (3.56%) PowerShell
15 125 (3.23%) C#
16 91 (2.35%) Korn
17 90 (2.32%) Groovy
18 72 (1.86%) JPQL
19 52 (1.34%) R
20 40 (1.03%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 415 (10.71%) Security Cleared
2 292 (7.54%) SC Cleared
3 253 (6.53%) Degree
4 90 (2.32%) CISSP
5 52 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 44 (1.14%) Cisco Certification
7 43 (1.11%) CISM
8 42 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
9 38 (0.98%) DV Cleared
10 31 (0.80%) ITIL Certification
11 29 (0.75%) CCNP
12 27 (0.70%) ISEB
13 25 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
13 25 (0.65%) SANS
14 22 (0.57%) CCNA
15 21 (0.54%) ISTQB
16 17 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 15 (0.39%) GIAC
17 15 (0.39%) Master's Degree
17 15 (0.39%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (4.21%) QA
2 53 (1.37%) SLA
3 45 (1.16%) GDPR
4 40 (1.03%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 38 (0.98%) PCI DSS
6 34 (0.88%) MiFID
7 31 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 23 (0.59%) TARGET2
9 18 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
10 16 (0.41%) Data Quality
11 15 (0.39%) COBIT
12 14 (0.36%) GCP
13 12 (0.31%) SEPA
14 10 (0.26%) EMIR
15 9 (0.23%) Dodd-Frank
16 8 (0.21%) PMO
17 7 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
18 6 (0.15%) NIST 800
18 6 (0.15%) RMADS
19 5 (0.13%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 435 (11.23%) Docker
2 140 (3.61%) Active Directory
3 109 (2.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 66 (1.70%) HDFS
5 55 (1.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 45 (1.16%) VMware ESXi
7 44 (1.14%) Oracle RAC
8 42 (1.08%) NFS
8 42 (1.08%) vSphere
9 37 (0.95%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 36 (0.93%) Hyper-V
11 32 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
12 26 (0.67%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 25 (0.65%) RACF
14 24 (0.62%) Firmware
15 22 (0.57%) Samba
16 21 (0.54%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
17 20 (0.52%) Veritas File System
18 19 (0.49%) KVM
18 19 (0.49%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 433 (11.17%) Puppet
2 420 (10.84%) Ansible
3 266 (6.86%) Opscode Chef
4 186 (4.80%) Kubernetes
5 135 (3.48%) logstash
6 113 (2.92%) Grafana
7 110 (2.84%) Terraform
8 102 (2.63%) Kibana
9 76 (1.96%) Nagios
10 68 (1.75%) Tivoli
11 63 (1.63%) Hadoop YARN
12 49 (1.26%) ITRS Geneos
12 49 (1.26%) NetBackup
13 41 (1.06%) BladeLogic
13 41 (1.06%) Rancher
14 32 (0.83%) Control-M
15 29 (0.75%) Data Guard
16 27 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
16 27 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
17 26 (0.67%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 1,000 (25.81%) Oracle
2 408 (10.53%) Red Hat
3 274 (7.07%) Microsoft
4 238 (6.14%) Splunk
5 206 (5.32%) IBM
6 173 (4.46%) VMware
7 157 (4.05%) HP
8 139 (3.59%) Sybase
9 112 (2.89%) Cisco
10 105 (2.71%) AppDynamics
11 95 (2.45%) Atlassian
12 89 (2.30%) Veritas
13 77 (1.99%) Citrix
14 73 (1.88%) EMC
14 73 (1.88%) SAP
15 68 (1.75%) Sun
16 66 (1.70%) TIBCO
17 63 (1.63%) NetApp
18 56 (1.45%) F5
19 55 (1.42%) webMethods