Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 72 91 60
Rank change year-on-year +19 -31 -13
Contract jobs citing Unix 873 2,056 3,755
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.16% 2.67% 3.97%
As % of the Operating Systems category 17.09% 13.09% 18.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 578 1,271 2,440
Median daily rate £475 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £318 £313 £320
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £480 £475
% change year-on-year -1.04% +1.05% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 20 50
Median hourly rate £35.50 £35.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +1.43% +16.67%
10th Percentile £27.00 £16.03 £15.30
90th Percentile £66.00 £53.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.50 £29.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year +21.37% -16.43% +16.67%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 5,108 15,711 19,866
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.50% 20.42% 21.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,077 9,886 12,397
Median daily rate £445 £425 £433
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.71% -1.73% +1.76%
10th Percentile £175 £150 £168
90th Percentile £625 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.65% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 310 1,050 1,396
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.24 £11.17
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.80 £47.50
Median hourly rate £19.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.00% - -

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 426 £550 +4.76% 100
North of England +32 149 £450 - 39
Midlands +50 103 £420 +2.44% 37
South East +16 101 £450 - 45
North West +37 82 £430 -4.44% 20
West Midlands +39 79 £428 +7.00% 27
East of England +14 49 £445 +5.95% 13
Yorkshire +16 43 £525 +12.30% 16
North East +41 24 £450 -9.77% 3
East Midlands +32 23 £373 -27.22% 9
South West +2 19 £375 -21.05% 20
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 543 (62.20%) Linux
2 352 (40.32%) Java
3 336 (38.49%) SQL
4 318 (36.43%) Oracle
5 267 (30.58%) Windows
5 267 (30.58%) Agile Software Development
6 191 (21.88%) Security Cleared
6 191 (21.88%) Test Automation
7 179 (20.50%) AWS
8 175 (20.05%) Docker
9 169 (19.36%) Python
10 164 (18.79%) TDD
10 164 (18.79%) Kubernetes
11 157 (17.98%) SC Cleared
12 153 (17.53%) Git (software)
13 144 (16.49%) Microservices
14 141 (16.15%) DevOps
15 136 (15.58%) Azure
16 132 (15.12%) Shell Script
17 123 (14.09%) Finance
18 115 (13.17%) BDD
19 108 (12.37%) Banking
20 106 (12.14%) MySQL
20 106 (12.14%) Public Sector
21 104 (11.91%) JIRA
22 102 (11.68%) Mac OS X
23 101 (11.57%) MongoDB
24 99 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
25 96 (11.00%) SQL Server
26 95 (10.88%) XML

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (10.08%) WebLogic
2 61 (6.99%) Confluence
3 47 (5.38%) Mule
4 30 (3.44%) JBoss
5 29 (3.32%) Tomcat
6 26 (2.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 25 (2.86%) WebSphere
8 23 (2.63%) Apache
9 15 (1.72%) IIS
10 14 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
11 11 (1.26%) Apache Spark
12 10 (1.15%) Oracle Service Bus
12 10 (1.15%) Red Hat Fuse
12 10 (1.15%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.80%) NetWeaver
13 7 (0.80%) WebSphere Application Server
14 5 (0.57%) Appian
14 5 (0.57%) MQSeries
14 5 (0.57%) Tuxedo
15 4 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 40 (4.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.92%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.80%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.46%) RoboHelp
7 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.11%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (2.06%) Oracle EBS
2 12 (1.37%) SAP FI-CA
3 6 (0.69%) Oracle Payroll
4 4 (0.46%) assyst
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle E-Business Tax
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle iSupplier
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 3 (0.34%) Summit
6 2 (0.23%) Magento
6 2 (0.23%) OpenText Process Suite
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.23%) StreamServe
7 1 (0.11%) Cognos Planning
7 1 (0.11%) Front Arena
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle HRMS
7 1 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.11%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 179 (20.50%) AWS
2 136 (15.58%) Azure
3 33 (3.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 26 (2.98%) PaaS
5 25 (2.86%) GitHub
6 22 (2.52%) GCP
7 21 (2.41%) OpenShift
8 19 (2.18%) Office 365
9 18 (2.06%) AWS CloudFormation
9 18 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
9 18 (2.06%) Datadog
9 18 (2.06%) SaaS
10 17 (1.95%) AWS Lambda
10 17 (1.95%) Serverless
11 16 (1.83%) IaaS
12 15 (1.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 14 (1.60%) Amazon S3
14 12 (1.37%) AWS CloudTrail
15 11 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
15 11 (1.26%) Coveralls
Communications & Networking
1 76 (8.71%) Firewall
2 70 (8.02%) DNS
3 50 (5.73%) TCP/IP
4 40 (4.58%) DHCP
5 34 (3.89%) HTTP
6 30 (3.44%) WAN
7 29 (3.32%) SNMP
8 27 (3.09%) VPN
9 25 (2.86%) LAN
10 22 (2.52%) Internet
11 21 (2.41%) Kerberos
12 19 (2.18%) Network Security
13 16 (1.83%) DMZ
14 13 (1.49%) Intrusion Detection
15 12 (1.37%) OSPF
15 12 (1.37%) Skype
16 11 (1.26%) MPLS
16 11 (1.26%) SAN
16 11 (1.26%) TACACS
17 10 (1.15%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (12.14%) MySQL
2 101 (11.57%) MongoDB
3 96 (11.00%) SQL Server
4 89 (10.19%) Relational Database
5 76 (8.71%) Oracle Database
6 51 (5.84%) Big Data
7 39 (4.47%) NoSQL
8 36 (4.12%) PostgreSQL
9 30 (3.44%) Hadoop
10 24 (2.75%) Oracle Database 11g
10 24 (2.75%) RDBMS
11 22 (2.52%) Pentaho
12 21 (2.41%) BusinessObjects
12 21 (2.41%) Data Warehouse
13 20 (2.29%) Apache Cassandra
13 20 (2.29%) DB2
14 15 (1.72%) Apache Hive
15 13 (1.49%) MS Access
15 13 (1.49%) Oracle Database 12c
16 12 (1.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 153 (17.53%) Git (software)
2 104 (11.91%) JIRA
3 94 (10.77%) Jenkins
4 72 (8.25%) Subversion
5 59 (6.76%) Mockito
6 51 (5.84%) Maven
7 50 (5.73%) Cucumber
8 48 (5.50%) Toad
9 38 (4.35%) Selenium
10 35 (4.01%) JMeter
11 32 (3.67%) Bitbucket
12 31 (3.55%) JUnit
13 25 (2.86%) Jasmine
14 24 (2.75%) Grunt
14 24 (2.75%) gulp
14 24 (2.75%) Mocha
15 23 (2.63%) SoapUI
16 20 (2.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 20 (2.29%) Gradle
16 20 (2.29%) Postman
General
1 123 (14.09%) Finance
2 108 (12.37%) Banking
3 106 (12.14%) Public Sector
4 47 (5.38%) Investment Banking
5 40 (4.58%) Front Office
6 15 (1.72%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.15%) Electronics
7 10 (1.15%) Financial Institution
8 9 (1.03%) Back Office
8 9 (1.03%) Legal
8 9 (1.03%) Manufacturing
9 8 (0.92%) Advertising
9 8 (0.92%) Marketing
9 8 (0.92%) Pharmaceutical
10 7 (0.80%) Retail
11 6 (0.69%) French Language
11 6 (0.69%) Police
12 5 (0.57%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.34%) Law
13 3 (0.34%) Military
Job Titles
1 274 (31.39%) Developer
2 126 (14.43%) Java Developer
3 75 (8.59%) Analyst
4 44 (5.04%) Administrator
4 44 (5.04%) Architect
4 44 (5.04%) DevOps Engineer
5 43 (4.93%) Support Engineer
6 42 (4.81%) DBA
7 38 (4.35%) Consultant
8 32 (3.67%) Senior Developer
9 29 (3.32%) Applications Support
10 28 (3.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 28 (3.21%) Oracle DBA
10 28 (3.21%) Test Engineer
11 24 (2.75%) Data Engineer
11 24 (2.75%) Integration Developer
11 24 (2.75%) Unix Engineer
12 23 (2.63%) Linux Engineer
13 22 (2.52%) Cloud Engineer
14 20 (2.29%) Applications Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 95 (10.88%) XML
2 94 (10.77%) Middleware
3 82 (9.39%) Spring
4 70 (8.02%) Web Services
5 68 (7.79%) HTML
6 67 (7.67%) JAX-RS
7 54 (6.19%) SOAP
8 53 (6.07%) CSS
9 52 (5.96%) J2EE
10 51 (5.84%) ActiveMQ
11 46 (5.27%) JSON
12 45 (5.15%) Node.js
13 39 (4.47%) REST
14 33 (3.78%) HTML5
15 32 (3.67%) Apache Camel
15 32 (3.67%) Java EE
15 32 (3.67%) jQuery
15 32 (3.67%) Spring Boot
16 31 (3.55%) RabbitMQ
17 30 (3.44%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 73 (8.36%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (5.15%) Linux Command Line
3 37 (4.24%) User Experience
4 32 (3.67%) Management Information System
5 23 (2.63%) Fixed Income
6 22 (2.52%) Clustering
7 19 (2.18%) Data Centre
8 18 (2.06%) Virtual Team
9 17 (1.95%) Equities
9 17 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.60%) Public Cloud
11 13 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.37%) PKI
13 10 (1.15%) Cloud Native
14 9 (1.03%) Robotics
15 8 (0.92%) Derivative
16 7 (0.80%) Algorithms
16 7 (0.80%) Data Structures
16 7 (0.80%) Mainframe
16 7 (0.80%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 543 (62.20%) Linux
2 267 (30.58%) Windows
3 102 (11.68%) Mac OS X
4 60 (6.87%) AIX
5 47 (5.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 42 (4.81%) Windows Server
7 39 (4.47%) Solaris
8 9 (1.03%) CentOS
9 8 (0.92%) Debian
9 8 (0.92%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.80%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
11 4 (0.46%) Fedora
11 4 (0.46%) NetWare
11 4 (0.46%) VMS
12 3 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.34%) HPUX
12 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.34%) Windows XP
12 3 (0.34%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 267 (30.58%) Agile Software Development
2 191 (21.88%) Test Automation
3 164 (18.79%) TDD
4 144 (16.49%) Microservices
5 141 (16.15%) DevOps
6 115 (13.17%) BDD
7 99 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
8 93 (10.65%) Continuous Deployment
9 89 (10.19%) Configuration Management
10 88 (10.08%) Responsive Web Design
11 85 (9.74%) Web Design
12 82 (9.39%) Migration
13 74 (8.48%) Web Development
14 66 (7.56%) ITIL
15 65 (7.45%) Continuous Integration
15 65 (7.45%) ETL
16 61 (6.99%) Pair Programming
17 58 (6.64%) Performance Tuning
18 56 (6.41%) Scrum
19 55 (6.30%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 352 (40.32%) Java
2 336 (38.49%) SQL
3 169 (19.36%) Python
4 132 (15.12%) Shell Script
5 92 (10.54%) Perl
6 88 (10.08%) JavaScript
7 86 (9.85%) Java 8
8 70 (8.02%) Bash Shell
9 67 (7.67%) PL/SQL
10 62 (7.10%) C
11 56 (6.41%) PowerShell
12 41 (4.70%) C++
13 38 (4.35%) Ruby
14 23 (2.63%) Korn
15 18 (2.06%) Scala
16 16 (1.83%) T-SQL
17 13 (1.49%) VBA
18 12 (1.37%) C#
18 12 (1.37%) PHP
18 12 (1.37%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 191 (21.88%) Security Cleared
2 157 (17.98%) SC Cleared
3 50 (5.73%) Degree
4 39 (4.47%) ISEB
5 36 (4.12%) ISTQB
6 31 (3.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 28 (3.21%) BPSS Clearance
8 26 (2.98%) DBS Check
9 25 (2.86%) Computer Science Degree
10 12 (1.37%) CISSP
11 9 (1.03%) DV Cleared
11 9 (1.03%) Master's Degree
12 8 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
13 7 (0.80%) GCIA
13 7 (0.80%) GCIH
13 7 (0.80%) GIAC
13 7 (0.80%) ISEB Practitioner
14 6 (0.69%) AWS Certification
14 6 (0.69%) CISM
15 5 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (7.22%) QA
2 28 (3.21%) WCAG
3 26 (2.98%) SLA
4 21 (2.41%) PCI DSS
5 19 (2.18%) GDPR
6 12 (1.37%) COBIT
7 9 (1.03%) NIST
8 4 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.23%) GxP
9 2 (0.23%) HL7
9 2 (0.23%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.23%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.23%) PMO
10 1 (0.11%) CDISC
10 1 (0.11%) DICOM
10 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.11%) JSP 440
10 1 (0.11%) RMADS
System Software
1 175 (20.05%) Docker
2 82 (9.39%) Active Directory
3 52 (5.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (2.29%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (2.06%) HDFS
5 18 (2.06%) Oracle RAC
6 13 (1.49%) Firmware
7 12 (1.37%) NFS
8 10 (1.15%) Oracle Clusterware
9 9 (1.03%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.92%) vSphere
11 6 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 4 (0.46%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.46%) iptables
13 3 (0.34%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.34%) Squid
13 3 (0.34%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 3 (0.34%) Xen
14 2 (0.23%) KVM
14 2 (0.23%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 164 (18.79%) Kubernetes
2 56 (6.41%) Ansible
3 55 (6.30%) Puppet
4 40 (4.58%) Opscode Chef
5 36 (4.12%) Terraform
6 29 (3.32%) Nagios
7 21 (2.41%) Data Guard
8 20 (2.29%) Prometheus
9 18 (2.06%) SCOM
10 17 (1.95%) Oracle RMAN
11 16 (1.83%) Kibana
12 14 (1.60%) Tivoli
13 13 (1.49%) Rancher
13 13 (1.49%) ZABBIX
14 12 (1.37%) Single Sign-On
15 11 (1.26%) HP ALM
16 10 (1.15%) Grafana
16 10 (1.15%) Netcool
16 10 (1.15%) Netcool/OMNIbus
16 10 (1.15%) Netcool/Webtop
Vendors
1 318 (36.43%) Oracle
2 88 (10.08%) Microsoft
3 76 (8.71%) IBM
4 71 (8.13%) Splunk
5 68 (7.79%) VMware
6 52 (5.96%) Red Hat
7 47 (5.38%) Sybase
8 38 (4.35%) Informatica
8 38 (4.35%) SAP
8 38 (4.35%) webMethods
9 29 (3.32%) HP
10 23 (2.63%) Cisco
10 23 (2.63%) Citrix
11 22 (2.52%) CyberArk
12 20 (2.29%) ServiceNow
13 19 (2.18%) BEA
13 19 (2.18%) Remedy
14 17 (1.95%) Atlassian
15 16 (1.83%) EMC
16 15 (1.72%) CA