Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 104 94 91
Rank change year-on-year -10 -3 -14
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,739 1,177 1,079
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.45% 2.56% 2.47%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.78% 16.06% 12.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,151 779 690
10th Percentile £404 £350 £325
25th Percentile £463 £406 £396
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -0.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 17 16
10th Percentile £41.91 £24.35 £16.00
25th Percentile £46.19 £34.00 £28.78
Median hourly rate £65.00 £40.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +62.50% -11.11% +28.57%
75th Percentile £82.50 £57.63 £59.85
90th Percentile £85.00 £60.00 £66.00
UK median hourly rate £65.00 £42.50 £40.70
% change year-on-year +52.94% +4.42% +13.06%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,021 7,331 8,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.53% 15.92% 19.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,575 4,843 5,744
10th Percentile £173 £185 £150
25th Percentile £319 £332 £275
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -3.41%
75th Percentile £625 £550 £538
90th Percentile £700 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 527 353 635
10th Percentile £13.33 £11.53 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.76 £13.50 £13.50
Median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £17.35
Median % change year-on-year +22.86% +0.89% +2.03%
75th Percentile £50.39 £41.00 £21.46
90th Percentile £65.00 £59.75 £47.08
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +28.57% - +4.48%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -8 973 £600 +9.09% 118
Midlands -15 204 £495 +22.22% 37
South East +31 188 £475 +1.06% 39
West Midlands -21 169 £495 +22.22% 20
North of England -36 148 £550 +22.22% 43
North West -1 113 £588 +38.24% 30
East of England -16 54 £450 - 18
South West -44 38 £425 -15.00% 14
East Midlands -9 34 £500 +17.65% 17
Yorkshire -33 26 £510 -2.86% 7
North East -21 15 £450 - 6
South Coast - 1 £600 -
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,099 (63.20%) Linux
2 715 (41.12%) SQL
3 590 (33.93%) Windows
4 553 (31.80%) Java
5 544 (31.28%) Oracle
6 487 (28.00%) Agile
7 459 (26.39%) Social Skills
8 425 (24.44%) Finance
9 423 (24.32%) Python
10 419 (24.09%) AWS
11 339 (19.49%) Shell Script
12 309 (17.77%) DevOps
13 298 (17.14%) Azure
14 283 (16.27%) JIRA
15 278 (15.99%) Git (software)
16 272 (15.64%) Jenkins
17 267 (15.35%) Banking
18 261 (15.01%) CI/CD
19 255 (14.66%) Security Cleared
20 244 (14.03%) Problem-Solving
20 244 (14.03%) Ansible
21 232 (13.34%) PL/SQL
22 219 (12.59%) SQL Server
23 212 (12.19%) Kubernetes
24 211 (12.13%) SC Cleared
25 208 (11.96%) Microsoft
26 205 (11.79%) Test Automation
27 195 (11.21%) ITIL
28 187 (10.75%) VMware
28 187 (10.75%) Confluence

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (10.75%) Confluence
2 99 (5.69%) WebLogic
2 99 (5.69%) WebSphere
3 73 (4.20%) Tomcat
4 56 (3.22%) Red Hat Fuse
4 56 (3.22%) WebSphere Application Server
5 55 (3.16%) JBoss
6 54 (3.11%) SAS
7 52 (2.99%) Mule
8 45 (2.59%) Apache
9 44 (2.53%) IIS
10 35 (2.01%) OpenStack
11 26 (1.50%) Apache Spark
12 20 (1.15%) Cloud Foundry
12 20 (1.15%) IBM HTTP Server
13 16 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
13 16 (0.92%) nginx
14 13 (0.75%) CMS
14 13 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 10 (0.58%) SharePoint
Applications
1 69 (3.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (2.19%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (1.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.86%) Microsoft Project
5 13 (0.75%) MS Visio
6 8 (0.46%) CATIA
7 2 (0.12%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.12%) Autodesk Inventor
7 2 (0.12%) Mathcad
7 2 (0.12%) Siemens NX
7 2 (0.12%) Solid Edge
7 2 (0.12%) SOLIDWORKS
7 2 (0.12%) Windchill
8 1 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 44 (2.53%) assyst
2 23 (1.32%) ION MarketView
3 21 (1.21%) SAP FI-CA
3 21 (1.21%) SAP PSCD
4 18 (1.04%) BusinessWorks
5 14 (0.81%) Oracle 11i
6 10 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.46%) Remedy ITSM
7 8 (0.46%) TIBCO iProcess
8 7 (0.40%) Oracle Applications
9 6 (0.35%) Oracle Utilities
9 6 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
10 5 (0.29%) Primavera
11 4 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
11 4 (0.23%) Oracle Financials
11 4 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
11 4 (0.23%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
12 3 (0.17%) Advent Geneva
12 3 (0.17%) Eikon
12 3 (0.17%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 419 (24.09%) AWS
2 298 (17.14%) Azure
3 95 (5.46%) PaaS
4 93 (5.35%) GCP
5 90 (5.18%) GitHub
6 79 (4.54%) IaaS
7 67 (3.85%) SaaS
8 57 (3.28%) Amazon S3
9 42 (2.42%) OpenShift
10 33 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
10 33 (1.90%) Microsoft 365
11 32 (1.84%) Amazon EKS
12 29 (1.67%) Power Platform
13 25 (1.44%) Azure Active Directory
14 23 (1.32%) Serverless
15 22 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
16 18 (1.04%) GitHub Actions
17 16 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
17 16 (0.92%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 165 (9.49%) Firewall
2 112 (6.44%) DNS
3 79 (4.54%) HTTP
4 78 (4.49%) SSL
5 73 (4.20%) TCP/IP
6 64 (3.68%) DHCP
7 61 (3.51%) Network Security
8 49 (2.82%) SAN
9 41 (2.36%) IPsec
9 41 (2.36%) VPN
10 35 (2.01%) WAN
11 32 (1.84%) SSH
12 28 (1.61%) HTTPS
13 25 (1.44%) FTP
13 25 (1.44%) LAN
14 24 (1.38%) Internet
15 23 (1.32%) NAS
16 18 (1.04%) Multicast
17 17 (0.98%) IKE
18 16 (0.92%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (12.59%) SQL Server
2 167 (9.60%) Oracle Database
3 153 (8.80%) Relational Database
4 144 (8.28%) MySQL
5 102 (5.87%) Data Warehouse
6 93 (5.35%) Pentaho
7 82 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
8 75 (4.31%) MongoDB
9 56 (3.22%) DB2
10 53 (3.05%) Amazon RDS
11 47 (2.70%) Hadoop
12 44 (2.53%) BusinessObjects
13 41 (2.36%) Oracle Database 11g
14 40 (2.30%) Oracle Database 10g
15 37 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
15 37 (2.13%) Oracle Database 12c
16 36 (2.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 35 (2.01%) NoSQL
17 35 (2.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 33 (1.90%) Impala
Development Applications
1 283 (16.27%) JIRA
2 278 (15.99%) Git (software)
3 272 (15.64%) Jenkins
4 120 (6.90%) Bitbucket
5 112 (6.44%) GitLab
6 69 (3.97%) Artifactory
7 68 (3.91%) Selenium
7 68 (3.91%) Subversion
8 65 (3.74%) Cucumber
9 42 (2.42%) SoapUI
10 36 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
11 32 (1.84%) Maven
12 31 (1.78%) JUnit
13 30 (1.73%) CA Gen
13 30 (1.73%) Postman
14 27 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 25 (1.44%) TeamCity
16 24 (1.38%) Zephyr
17 22 (1.27%) IBM UrbanCode
17 22 (1.27%) Mockito
General
1 459 (26.39%) Social Skills
2 425 (24.44%) Finance
3 267 (15.35%) Banking
4 184 (10.58%) Analytical Skills
5 159 (9.14%) Front Office
6 142 (8.17%) Public Sector
7 125 (7.19%) Investment Banking
8 49 (2.82%) Telecoms
9 37 (2.13%) Back Office
9 37 (2.13%) Documentation Skills
10 35 (2.01%) Presentation Skills
11 33 (1.90%) Financial Institution
12 32 (1.84%) Retail
13 23 (1.32%) Publishing
14 21 (1.21%) Manufacturing
15 17 (0.98%) Legal
16 15 (0.86%) Electronics
17 14 (0.81%) Marketing
18 13 (0.75%) Influencing Skills
18 13 (0.75%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 398 (22.89%) Developer
2 202 (11.62%) Analyst
3 189 (10.87%) Java Developer
4 148 (8.51%) Architect
5 102 (5.87%) DevOps Engineer
6 90 (5.18%) Support Analyst
7 89 (5.12%) Software Engineer
8 68 (3.91%) Administrator
9 64 (3.68%) Consultant
10 63 (3.62%) DBA
11 61 (3.51%) Unix Engineer
12 57 (3.28%) Linux Engineer
12 57 (3.28%) Senior Developer
13 50 (2.88%) Data Engineer
14 48 (2.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 48 (2.76%) Oracle DBA
15 47 (2.70%) Integration Developer
16 45 (2.59%) Applications Support
16 45 (2.59%) Infrastructure Architect
17 42 (2.42%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 158 (9.09%) Middleware
2 151 (8.68%) Spring
3 122 (7.02%) XML
4 103 (5.92%) REST
5 99 (5.69%) J2EE
6 98 (5.64%) Web Services
7 96 (5.52%) JSON
7 96 (5.52%) Kafka
8 93 (5.35%) .NET
9 67 (3.85%) SOAP
10 62 (3.57%) HTML
11 58 (3.34%) Spring Boot
12 56 (3.22%) Apache Camel
13 54 (3.11%) CSS
14 48 (2.76%) JTA
14 48 (2.76%) JTS
15 44 (2.53%) RESTful
16 41 (2.36%) Hibernate
17 39 (2.24%) FIX Protocol
18 38 (2.19%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 71 (4.08%) Data Centre
2 58 (3.34%) Data Protection Act
3 52 (2.99%) Public Cloud
4 51 (2.93%) Private Cloud
5 46 (2.65%) Management Information System
6 43 (2.47%) Cloud Native
7 42 (2.42%) Derivative
8 41 (2.36%) Equities
9 40 (2.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 37 (2.13%) Fixed Income
11 36 (2.07%) Data Structures
12 35 (2.01%) Clustering
12 35 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
13 33 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
13 33 (1.90%) PKI
13 33 (1.90%) SWIFT
14 29 (1.67%) Algorithms
15 24 (1.38%) Mainframe
16 19 (1.09%) Replication
16 19 (1.09%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 1,099 (63.20%) Linux
2 590 (33.93%) Windows
3 127 (7.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 94 (5.41%) Solaris
5 79 (4.54%) Windows Server
6 74 (4.26%) AIX
7 47 (2.70%) Mac OS X
8 38 (2.19%) Windows 10
9 37 (2.13%) CentOS
10 30 (1.73%) Windows Server 2008
11 26 (1.50%) Ubuntu
12 25 (1.44%) Mac OS
12 25 (1.44%) Windows 7
13 23 (1.32%) SUSE
14 19 (1.09%) Windows Server 2003
15 16 (0.92%) Oracle Linux
15 16 (0.92%) VMS
16 15 (0.86%) HPUX
17 11 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
18 8 (0.46%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 487 (28.00%) Agile
2 309 (17.77%) DevOps
3 261 (15.01%) CI/CD
4 244 (14.03%) Problem-Solving
5 205 (11.79%) Test Automation
6 195 (11.21%) ITIL
7 185 (10.64%) Scrum
8 174 (10.01%) Analytics
9 163 (9.37%) Software Engineering
10 142 (8.17%) Microservices
11 138 (7.94%) ETL
12 128 (7.36%) Configuration Management
13 126 (7.25%) Migration
13 126 (7.25%) TDD
14 123 (7.07%) Continuous Integration
15 118 (6.79%) Data Modelling
16 115 (6.61%) High Availability
17 100 (5.75%) Process Improvement
17 100 (5.75%) Test Strategy
18 92 (5.29%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 715 (41.12%) SQL
2 553 (31.80%) Java
3 423 (24.32%) Python
4 339 (19.49%) Shell Script
5 232 (13.34%) PL/SQL
6 152 (8.74%) PowerShell
7 148 (8.51%) Perl
8 126 (7.25%) Bash
9 125 (7.19%) JavaScript
10 75 (4.31%) C++
11 68 (3.91%) C
12 63 (3.62%) Scala
13 62 (3.57%) C#
14 58 (3.34%) Go
15 49 (2.82%) Ruby
16 34 (1.96%) Groovy
17 30 (1.73%) COBOL
18 29 (1.67%) VBScript
19 28 (1.61%) VBA
20 25 (1.44%) HiveQL
Qualifications
1 255 (14.66%) Security Cleared
2 211 (12.13%) SC Cleared
3 69 (3.97%) Degree
4 55 (3.16%) ISTQB
5 54 (3.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 34 (1.96%) ISEB
7 28 (1.61%) Computer Science Degree
8 25 (1.44%) Cisco Certification
8 25 (1.44%) CISSP
9 19 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
10 18 (1.04%) CISM
11 17 (0.98%) DV Cleared
12 14 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
13 13 (0.75%) CISA
14 11 (0.63%) CCIE
14 11 (0.63%) ITIL Certification
15 9 (0.52%) CCNP
15 9 (0.52%) RHCSA
16 8 (0.46%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.46%) CCIE Security
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (5.87%) QA
2 35 (2.01%) GDPR
3 28 (1.61%) Accessibility
4 24 (1.38%) NIST
5 18 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.75%) SLA
7 10 (0.58%) COBIT
7 10 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 9 (0.52%) SEPA
9 8 (0.46%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.40%) Data Quality
11 6 (0.35%) PMO
12 5 (0.29%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.29%) EMIR
12 5 (0.29%) HL7
12 5 (0.29%) ISO 8583
12 5 (0.29%) MiFID
13 3 (0.17%) DICOM
13 3 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.12%) RMADS
System Software
1 183 (10.52%) Docker
2 126 (7.25%) VMware Infrastructure
3 110 (6.33%) Active Directory
4 55 (3.16%) Oracle RAC
5 36 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
6 30 (1.73%) HDFS
7 22 (1.27%) VMware ESXi
7 22 (1.27%) XenApp
8 19 (1.09%) VMware Workstation
9 18 (1.04%) Hyper-V
10 17 (0.98%) vCloud
11 16 (0.92%) NFS
12 15 (0.86%) vSphere
13 14 (0.81%) Ceph
14 10 (0.58%) Firmware
15 8 (0.46%) XenDesktop
16 7 (0.40%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 7 (0.40%) Oracle Clusterware
16 7 (0.40%) VMware NSX
17 6 (0.35%) Samba
Systems Management
1 244 (14.03%) Ansible
2 212 (12.19%) Kubernetes
3 135 (7.76%) Terraform
4 113 (6.50%) Puppet
5 54 (3.11%) ITRS Geneos
6 49 (2.82%) Grafana
7 46 (2.65%) BladeLogic
7 46 (2.65%) Oracle RMAN
8 38 (2.19%) Data Guard
9 32 (1.84%) Opscode Chef
9 32 (1.84%) SCCM
10 30 (1.73%) Prometheus
11 23 (1.32%) Single Sign-On
12 20 (1.15%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 18 (1.04%) Tivoli
14 17 (0.98%) Nagios
14 17 (0.98%) Netcool
15 16 (0.92%) Kibana
15 16 (0.92%) SCOM
16 14 (0.81%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 544 (31.28%) Oracle
2 208 (11.96%) Microsoft
3 187 (10.75%) VMware
4 147 (8.45%) IBM
5 124 (7.13%) Splunk
6 116 (6.67%) Red Hat
7 78 (4.49%) Informatica
8 71 (4.08%) Google
9 69 (3.97%) Citrix
10 59 (3.39%) SAP
11 58 (3.34%) AppDynamics
12 50 (2.88%) Cloudera
12 50 (2.88%) Sybase
12 50 (2.88%) TIBCO
13 44 (2.53%) Cisco
14 42 (2.42%) Talend
15 39 (2.24%) webMethods
16 36 (2.07%) CA
17 32 (1.84%) Sun
18 31 (1.78%) HP