Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 75 80 56
Rank change year-on-year +5 -24 -10
Contract jobs citing Unix 946 2,425 3,781
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.09% 2.93% 4.04%
As % of the Operating Systems category 16.13% 14.51% 19.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 619 1,502 2,424
Median daily rate £488 £490 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.51% -2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £481 £480
% change year-on-year -1.30% +0.26% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 28 46
Median hourly rate £39.75 £39.49 £28.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.66% +37.35% -23.33%
10th Percentile £33.60 £14.00 £15.28
90th Percentile £66.00 £55.13 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £35.75 £28.75
% change year-on-year +17.48% +24.35% -23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 5,866 16,716 19,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.16% 20.18% 20.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,642 10,599 12,296
Median daily rate £450 £433 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.05% -1.14% +2.94%
10th Percentile £166 £155 £185
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.65% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 372 1,021 1,355
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.43% - +1.45%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.24 £11.17
90th Percentile £47.83 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £19.90 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +13.71% - +2.94%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 470 £525 - 83
North of England +17 156 £500 +6.95% 23
Midlands +33 118 £428 +6.47% 28
South East -7 111 £450 -3.49% 16
West Midlands +41 96 £428 +10.45% 13
North West +24 96 £450 -3.23% 15
Yorkshire +10 54 £500 +5.26% 4
East of England -10 50 £435 -3.33% 10
South West -9 34 £425 -10.53% 20
East Midlands +32 22 £420 -6.67% 15
North East +8 6 £450 +23.29% 4
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 586 (61.95%) Linux
2 409 (43.23%) Java
3 340 (35.94%) SQL
4 334 (35.31%) Oracle
5 312 (32.98%) Agile Software Development
6 274 (28.96%) Windows
7 219 (23.15%) Test Automation
8 217 (22.94%) AWS
9 209 (22.09%) DevOps
10 198 (20.93%) Security Cleared
11 189 (19.98%) Python
11 189 (19.98%) Docker
12 181 (19.13%) Git (software)
13 180 (19.03%) Azure
14 166 (17.55%) SC Cleared
15 162 (17.12%) TDD
16 157 (16.60%) Kubernetes
17 155 (16.38%) Finance
18 147 (15.54%) Jenkins
19 146 (15.43%) Shell Script
19 146 (15.43%) Microservices
20 115 (12.16%) JIRA
21 111 (11.73%) XML
22 107 (11.31%) BDD
23 106 (11.21%) Problem-Solving
24 105 (11.10%) Public Sector
24 105 (11.10%) JavaScript
24 105 (11.10%) Mac OS X
25 101 (10.68%) SQL Server
25 101 (10.68%) Oracle Database

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (9.62%) WebLogic
2 77 (8.14%) Confluence
3 39 (4.12%) Mule
4 35 (3.70%) Tomcat
5 34 (3.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 34 (3.59%) SAS
6 24 (2.54%) JBoss
7 23 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
8 21 (2.22%) Apache
9 18 (1.90%) WebSphere
10 11 (1.16%) Oracle Service Bus
11 10 (1.06%) SharePoint
12 9 (0.95%) Oracle Workflow
13 8 (0.85%) Apache Spark
13 8 (0.85%) IIS
13 8 (0.85%) Red Hat Fuse
14 5 (0.53%) CMS
14 5 (0.53%) NetWeaver
14 5 (0.53%) OpenStack
15 4 (0.42%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 29 (3.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (2.85%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.59%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.63%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.42%) RoboHelp
6 2 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.11%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 15 (1.59%) Oracle EBS
2 9 (0.95%) Oracle Payroll
3 8 (0.85%) SAP FI-CA
4 6 (0.63%) Oracle EBS R12
5 5 (0.53%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.42%) assyst
6 4 (0.42%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle iSupplier
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
8 2 (0.21%) ResourceLink
9 1 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.11%) Cognos Planning
9 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
9 1 (0.11%) Magento
9 1 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
9 1 (0.11%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 217 (22.94%) AWS
2 180 (19.03%) Azure
3 39 (4.12%) PaaS
4 31 (3.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 31 (3.28%) AWS CloudFormation
5 29 (3.07%) GCP
5 29 (3.07%) Office 365
6 25 (2.64%) Power Platform
7 24 (2.54%) IaaS
8 23 (2.43%) OpenShift
8 23 (2.43%) SaaS
9 22 (2.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 20 (2.11%) Serverless
11 19 (2.01%) AWS Lambda
11 19 (2.01%) Coveralls
11 19 (2.01%) GitHub
12 17 (1.80%) AWS CloudTrail
12 17 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
12 17 (1.80%) Datadog
13 15 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 80 (8.46%) DNS
2 66 (6.98%) Firewall
3 55 (5.81%) TCP/IP
4 47 (4.97%) HTTP
5 36 (3.81%) DHCP
6 32 (3.38%) VPN
7 30 (3.17%) Internet
8 29 (3.07%) WAN
9 24 (2.54%) LAN
10 22 (2.33%) SNMP
11 21 (2.22%) Network Security
12 19 (2.01%) SAN
13 18 (1.90%) OSPF
14 17 (1.80%) Kerberos
15 14 (1.48%) Cisco ASA
16 13 (1.37%) SSL
17 12 (1.27%) DMZ
17 12 (1.27%) MPLS
18 11 (1.16%) SSH
18 11 (1.16%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 101 (10.68%) Oracle Database
1 101 (10.68%) SQL Server
2 95 (10.04%) MySQL
2 95 (10.04%) Relational Database
3 91 (9.62%) MongoDB
4 53 (5.60%) NoSQL
5 49 (5.18%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (4.97%) Big Data
7 44 (4.65%) Data Warehouse
8 40 (4.23%) Pentaho
9 34 (3.59%) RDBMS
10 32 (3.38%) Hadoop
10 32 (3.38%) Oracle Database 11g
11 25 (2.64%) Power BI
12 18 (1.90%) SAS EBI
13 17 (1.80%) BusinessObjects XI
13 17 (1.80%) Oracle Reports
14 15 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (1.59%) DB2
14 15 (1.59%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 181 (19.13%) Git (software)
2 147 (15.54%) Jenkins
3 115 (12.16%) JIRA
4 75 (7.93%) Subversion
5 69 (7.29%) Maven
6 54 (5.71%) Mockito
7 52 (5.50%) Selenium
8 51 (5.39%) Cucumber
9 44 (4.65%) JUnit
10 42 (4.44%) GitLab
11 40 (4.23%) Toad
12 35 (3.70%) JMeter
13 34 (3.59%) SonarQube
14 30 (3.17%) Bitbucket
14 30 (3.17%) Gradle
15 27 (2.85%) SoapUI
16 25 (2.64%) Jasmine
16 25 (2.64%) TeamCity
17 24 (2.54%) Artifactory
17 24 (2.54%) Eclipse
General
1 155 (16.38%) Finance
2 105 (11.10%) Public Sector
3 96 (10.15%) Banking
4 39 (4.12%) Investment Banking
5 34 (3.59%) Front Office
6 21 (2.22%) Telecoms
7 15 (1.59%) Manufacturing
8 14 (1.48%) Back Office
9 12 (1.27%) Electronics
10 11 (1.16%) Retail
11 9 (0.95%) Legal
11 9 (0.95%) Police
12 8 (0.85%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.74%) Marketing
14 6 (0.63%) Advertising
14 6 (0.63%) Aerospace
15 5 (0.53%) Games
16 4 (0.42%) General Ledger
16 4 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
17 3 (0.32%) Law
Job Titles
1 275 (29.07%) Developer
2 137 (14.48%) Java Developer
3 69 (7.29%) Analyst
4 62 (6.55%) Architect
4 62 (6.55%) DevOps Engineer
5 58 (6.13%) Administrator
6 42 (4.44%) DBA
7 41 (4.33%) Consultant
8 35 (3.70%) Linux Engineer
9 33 (3.49%) Senior Developer
10 32 (3.38%) AWS Engineer
11 30 (3.17%) Unix Engineer
12 29 (3.07%) Oracle DBA
12 29 (3.07%) Software Engineer
12 29 (3.07%) Support Engineer
13 27 (2.85%) Test Engineer
14 26 (2.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 25 (2.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 24 (2.54%) Cloud Engineer
16 24 (2.54%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 111 (11.73%) XML
2 94 (9.94%) Middleware
3 78 (8.25%) Web Services
4 74 (7.82%) HTML
5 70 (7.40%) Spring
6 68 (7.19%) SOAP
7 63 (6.66%) JAX-RS
8 57 (6.03%) REST
9 52 (5.50%) ActiveMQ
10 50 (5.29%) Node.js
11 48 (5.07%) CSS
11 48 (5.07%) J2EE
12 43 (4.55%) JSON
13 40 (4.23%) LDAP
14 34 (3.59%) HTML5
15 29 (3.07%) jQuery
15 29 (3.07%) RabbitMQ
16 28 (2.96%) Apache Camel
17 27 (2.85%) Spring Boot
18 26 (2.75%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 82 (8.67%) Analytical Skills
2 48 (5.07%) Linux Command Line
3 33 (3.49%) User Experience
4 27 (2.85%) Clustering
4 27 (2.85%) Management Information System
5 23 (2.43%) Data Centre
6 22 (2.33%) Fixed Income
7 18 (1.90%) Equities
8 17 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (1.48%) PKI
9 14 (1.48%) Public Cloud
10 13 (1.37%) Mainframe
11 12 (1.27%) Algorithms
12 11 (1.16%) Cloud Native
13 10 (1.06%) Blog
13 10 (1.06%) Data Structures
13 10 (1.06%) SWIFT
14 8 (0.85%) Enterprise Software
14 8 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 7 (0.74%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 586 (61.95%) Linux
2 274 (28.96%) Windows
3 105 (11.10%) Mac OS X
4 69 (7.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (5.60%) Windows Server
6 44 (4.65%) Solaris
7 28 (2.96%) AIX
8 9 (0.95%) Windows 10
9 8 (0.85%) CentOS
10 7 (0.74%) Debian
11 6 (0.63%) Android
11 6 (0.63%) Apple iOS
12 5 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.53%) Windows Server 2019
13 4 (0.42%) FreeRTOS
13 4 (0.42%) HPUX
13 4 (0.42%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.42%) ThreadX
13 4 (0.42%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.42%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 312 (32.98%) Agile Software Development
2 219 (23.15%) Test Automation
3 209 (22.09%) DevOps
4 162 (17.12%) TDD
5 146 (15.43%) Microservices
6 107 (11.31%) BDD
7 106 (11.21%) Problem-Solving
8 99 (10.47%) Continuous Integration
9 91 (9.62%) Configuration Management
9 91 (9.62%) Continuous Deployment
10 87 (9.20%) Scrum
11 84 (8.88%) Migration
11 84 (8.88%) Responsive Web Design
12 82 (8.67%) ITIL
12 82 (8.67%) Web Design
13 78 (8.25%) ETL
14 77 (8.14%) Software Engineering
15 67 (7.08%) Pair Programming
16 64 (6.77%) Web Development
17 63 (6.66%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 409 (43.23%) Java
2 340 (35.94%) SQL
3 189 (19.98%) Python
4 146 (15.43%) Shell Script
5 105 (11.10%) JavaScript
6 90 (9.51%) Perl
6 90 (9.51%) PL/SQL
7 83 (8.77%) Bash Shell
8 80 (8.46%) Java 8
9 65 (6.87%) PowerShell
10 58 (6.13%) C
11 43 (4.55%) C++
12 34 (3.59%) Ruby
13 17 (1.80%) Korn
13 17 (1.80%) Scala
14 15 (1.59%) Groovy
14 15 (1.59%) PHP
15 14 (1.48%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.27%) SAS Macro
16 12 (1.27%) VB
Qualifications
1 198 (20.93%) Security Cleared
2 166 (17.55%) SC Cleared
3 58 (6.13%) Degree
4 41 (4.33%) ISEB
5 34 (3.59%) ISTQB
6 32 (3.38%) BPSS Clearance
7 30 (3.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 28 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
9 22 (2.33%) DBS Check
10 13 (1.37%) AWS Certification
11 10 (1.06%) ISEB Practitioner
11 10 (1.06%) ITIL Certification
12 9 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
12 9 (0.95%) DV Cleared
13 8 (0.85%) CCNP
13 8 (0.85%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.63%) CCNA
14 6 (0.63%) CISSP
15 4 (0.42%) RHCE
15 4 (0.42%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (7.19%) QA
2 27 (2.85%) SLA
2 27 (2.85%) WCAG
3 14 (1.48%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.63%) GDPR
5 5 (0.53%) COBIT
5 5 (0.53%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.53%) GxP
5 5 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 17025
6 4 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.42%) GLP
6 4 (0.42%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.32%) GPG13
7 3 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.32%) MiFID
8 2 (0.21%) TARGET2
9 1 (0.11%) COSO
9 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.11%) SEPA
System Software
1 189 (19.98%) Docker
2 99 (10.47%) Active Directory
3 56 (5.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (2.43%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (1.59%) Hyper-V
6 11 (1.16%) HDFS
7 10 (1.06%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (1.06%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (0.85%) Squid
9 7 (0.74%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 7 (0.74%) vSphere
9 7 (0.74%) XenApp
10 6 (0.63%) Firmware
10 6 (0.63%) Oracle Clusterware
10 6 (0.63%) RACF
10 6 (0.63%) VMware NSX
11 5 (0.53%) Samba
12 4 (0.42%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.42%) NFS
12 4 (0.42%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 157 (16.60%) Kubernetes
2 84 (8.88%) Ansible
3 76 (8.03%) Terraform
4 73 (7.72%) Puppet
5 56 (5.92%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (2.96%) Nagios
7 21 (2.22%) Kibana
8 18 (1.90%) SCOM
9 14 (1.48%) ZABBIX
10 13 (1.37%) Data Guard
11 12 (1.27%) Grafana
11 12 (1.27%) logstash
12 11 (1.16%) Prometheus
12 11 (1.16%) SCCM
13 10 (1.06%) Rancher
13 10 (1.06%) Red Hat Satellite
13 10 (1.06%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (0.95%) Oracle RMAN
15 7 (0.74%) Cacti
15 7 (0.74%) Salt
Vendors
1 334 (35.31%) Oracle
2 100 (10.57%) Microsoft
3 82 (8.67%) VMware
4 73 (7.72%) Red Hat
5 72 (7.61%) Splunk
6 62 (6.55%) IBM
7 50 (5.29%) Sybase
8 40 (4.23%) SAP
9 36 (3.81%) webMethods
10 33 (3.49%) Informatica
11 30 (3.17%) HP
12 29 (3.07%) Cisco
13 28 (2.96%) Citrix
14 24 (2.54%) CheckPoint
15 22 (2.33%) AppDynamics
16 20 (2.11%) Cloudera
17 16 (1.69%) Atlassian
17 16 (1.69%) EMC
17 16 (1.69%) New Relic
17 16 (1.69%) Remedy