Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 56 43 33
Rank change year-on-year -13 -10 -3
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,804 4,101 5,298
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.11% 4.81% 5.43%
As % of the Operating Systems category 19.70% 23.49% 25.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,446 2,645 3,491
England median daily rate £500 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £298
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +8.33% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 72 78
England median hourly rate £32.50 £40.00 £34.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.75% +16.79% +14.17%
10th Percentile £14.33 £18.75 £16.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £53.81
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £40.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year -18.75% +45.45% -12.14%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,313 17,457 21,062
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.85% 20.49% 21.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,319 11,145 13,078
England median daily rate £440 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £185 £200 £200
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,183 1,059 1,392
England median hourly rate £17.00 £16.75 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.49% -1.47% +6.25%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.00 £46.81
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +3.03% -2.94% +6.25%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 2,111 £525 +5.00% 373
South East -12 719 £451 +2.97% 136
North of England -36 370 £413 +3.13% 99
Midlands +1 295 £400 - 71
Yorkshire -26 160 £425 - 44
South West +27 159 £445 +4.71% 74
West Midlands -1 158 £450 - 39
North West -48 138 £425 +3.03% 37
East of England -25 132 £458 +30.71% 66
East Midlands +3 129 £385 +2.67% 32
North East -24 76 £400 +14.29% 18
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,232 (58.68%) Linux
2 1,460 (38.38%) Java
3 1,226 (32.23%) SQL
4 1,112 (29.23%) Agile Software Development
5 977 (25.68%) Oracle
6 935 (24.58%) Finance
7 868 (22.82%) Windows
8 862 (22.66%) Python
9 839 (22.06%) DevOps
10 726 (19.09%) Git (software)
11 653 (17.17%) Jenkins
12 606 (15.93%) Shell Script
13 570 (14.98%) Banking
14 562 (14.77%) Amazon AWS
15 535 (14.06%) Relational Database
16 488 (12.83%) Analytical Skills
17 479 (12.59%) Perl
18 475 (12.49%) Docker
19 449 (11.80%) Continuous Integration
20 447 (11.75%) Test Automation
21 444 (11.67%) Ansible
22 432 (11.36%) Puppet
23 428 (11.25%) Spring
24 408 (10.73%) Problem-Solving
25 401 (10.54%) Bash Shell
26 398 (10.46%) Security Cleared
27 392 (10.30%) Solaris
28 387 (10.17%) TDD
29 382 (10.04%) JavaScript
30 380 (9.99%) Red Hat

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 308 (8.10%) Apache
2 213 (5.60%) Confluence
3 188 (4.94%) Tomcat
4 163 (4.28%) WebSphere
5 157 (4.13%) JBoss
6 148 (3.89%) WebLogic
7 129 (3.39%) Apache Spark
8 86 (2.26%) nginx
9 81 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
10 79 (2.08%) IIS
11 65 (1.71%) SAS
12 58 (1.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 55 (1.45%) Cloud Foundry
14 45 (1.18%) MS Exchange
15 42 (1.10%) OpenStack
16 40 (1.05%) CMS
17 39 (1.03%) SharePoint
18 37 (0.97%) WildFly
19 35 (0.92%) WebSphere Application Server
20 31 (0.81%) MQSeries
Applications
1 75 (1.97%) Microsoft Office
2 73 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 56 (1.47%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.29%) HipChat
6 10 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.11%) Simulink
9 2 (0.053%) Pipeline Pilot
9 2 (0.053%) SPSS
9 2 (0.053%) Weka
10 1 (0.026%) EngageOne
10 1 (0.026%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 31 (0.81%) Oracle EBS
2 24 (0.63%) Oracle Applications
3 22 (0.58%) Temenos T24
4 17 (0.45%) Magento
5 15 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
6 14 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
6 14 (0.37%) Sonata
7 13 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
8 12 (0.32%) RMDS
9 10 (0.26%) Temenos Globus
10 9 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
10 9 (0.24%) ION MarketView
10 9 (0.24%) Kondor
11 7 (0.18%) HiPortfolio
12 6 (0.16%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 6 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
12 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
13 5 (0.13%) Endur
13 5 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
13 5 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 562 (14.77%) Amazon AWS
2 202 (5.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 173 (4.55%) GitHub
4 101 (2.66%) Amazon EC2
5 91 (2.39%) Serverless
6 87 (2.29%) AWS Lambda
7 83 (2.18%) PaaS
8 72 (1.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 70 (1.84%) Amazon S3
10 66 (1.74%) Route 53
11 60 (1.58%) IaaS
12 51 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
13 50 (1.31%) npm
14 48 (1.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 46 (1.21%) AWS CloudFormation
16 45 (1.18%) SaaS
17 41 (1.08%) CloudFront
18 40 (1.05%) Google Cloud Platform
19 28 (0.74%) OpenShift
20 21 (0.55%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 294 (7.73%) Firewall
2 252 (6.62%) TCP/IP
3 186 (4.89%) HTTP
4 166 (4.36%) SAN
5 132 (3.47%) DNS
6 121 (3.18%) Internet
7 113 (2.97%) SSL
8 91 (2.39%) Network Security
9 74 (1.95%) LAN
10 69 (1.81%) SMS
10 69 (1.81%) WAN
11 57 (1.50%) VPN
12 47 (1.24%) Kerberos
12 47 (1.24%) NAS
13 44 (1.16%) DHCP
14 41 (1.08%) SNMP
15 32 (0.84%) Intrusion Detection
15 32 (0.84%) SSH
16 31 (0.81%) MPLS
17 27 (0.71%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 535 (14.06%) Relational Database
2 284 (7.47%) SQL Server
3 267 (7.02%) MySQL
4 264 (6.94%) Oracle Database
5 219 (5.76%) Big Data
6 210 (5.52%) Hadoop
7 196 (5.15%) MongoDB
8 194 (5.10%) RDBMS
9 186 (4.89%) NoSQL
10 148 (3.89%) PostgreSQL
11 137 (3.60%) DB2
12 98 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
13 94 (2.47%) Oracle Database 11g
14 86 (2.26%) Apache Cassandra
14 86 (2.26%) HBase
15 59 (1.55%) Apache Hive
16 54 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
17 47 (1.24%) Oracle Database 12c
18 45 (1.18%) Redis
19 37 (0.97%) KDB
Development Applications
1 726 (19.09%) Git (software)
2 653 (17.17%) Jenkins
3 347 (9.12%) JIRA
4 324 (8.52%) Maven
5 237 (6.23%) JUnit
6 219 (5.76%) Subversion
7 195 (5.13%) Cucumber
8 191 (5.02%) Mockito
9 159 (4.18%) Selenium
10 131 (3.44%) TeamCity
11 118 (3.10%) Gradle
12 100 (2.63%) Sonatype Nexus
13 93 (2.44%) Eclipse
14 84 (2.21%) IntelliJ
15 73 (1.92%) Liquibase
16 66 (1.74%) Ant
16 66 (1.74%) Artifactory
17 61 (1.60%) Vagrant
18 58 (1.52%) Checkstyle
19 55 (1.45%) SoapUI
General
1 935 (24.58%) Finance
2 570 (14.98%) Banking
3 220 (5.78%) Investment Banking
4 183 (4.81%) Front Office
5 99 (2.60%) Telecoms
6 94 (2.47%) Retail
7 52 (1.37%) Financial Institution
8 41 (1.08%) Games
9 38 (1.00%) Marketing
10 33 (0.87%) Manufacturing
11 28 (0.74%) Back Office
12 25 (0.66%) Electronics
13 24 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 19 (0.50%) Legal
15 17 (0.45%) Law
16 12 (0.32%) Corporate Banking
16 12 (0.32%) Spanish Language
17 11 (0.29%) Billing
18 9 (0.24%) French Language
19 8 (0.21%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,152 (30.28%) Developer
2 519 (13.64%) Java Developer
3 430 (11.30%) DevOps Engineer
4 423 (11.12%) Analyst
5 243 (6.39%) Architect
6 212 (5.57%) Consultant
7 209 (5.49%) Administrator
8 181 (4.76%) Senior Developer
9 153 (4.02%) Linux Engineer
10 149 (3.92%) Support Analyst
11 136 (3.58%) Senior Java Developer
12 132 (3.47%) AWS Engineer
13 126 (3.31%) Unix Engineer
14 124 (3.26%) AWS DevOps
15 118 (3.10%) Applications Support
16 115 (3.02%) Systems Administrator
17 105 (2.76%) C++ Developer
18 103 (2.71%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 103 (2.71%) DBA
19 95 (2.50%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 428 (11.25%) Spring
2 378 (9.94%) REST
3 358 (9.41%) Web Services
4 328 (8.62%) XML
5 302 (7.94%) HTML
6 279 (7.33%) RESTful
7 258 (6.78%) J2EE
8 246 (6.47%) JSON
9 231 (6.07%) Middleware
10 211 (5.55%) Node.js
11 204 (5.36%) Hibernate
12 188 (4.94%) Kafka
13 187 (4.92%) SOAP
14 178 (4.68%) CSS
15 172 (4.52%) JMS
16 141 (3.71%) .NET
17 121 (3.18%) Elastic Stack
18 112 (2.94%) AngularJS
19 105 (2.76%) RabbitMQ
20 95 (2.50%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 488 (12.83%) Analytical Skills
2 269 (7.07%) Linux Command Line
3 151 (3.97%) Data Centre
4 132 (3.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 129 (3.39%) Computer Science
6 125 (3.29%) Management Information System
7 100 (2.63%) Greenfield Project
8 99 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
9 83 (2.18%) Self-Motivation
10 82 (2.16%) Algorithms
11 74 (1.95%) Equities
12 72 (1.89%) Mainframe
13 71 (1.87%) Clustering
14 70 (1.84%) Replication
15 64 (1.68%) Derivative
16 60 (1.58%) Virtual Team
17 56 (1.47%) Data Structures
18 55 (1.45%) SWIFT
19 51 (1.34%) Fixed Income
20 46 (1.21%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,232 (58.68%) Linux
2 868 (22.82%) Windows
3 392 (10.30%) Solaris
4 368 (9.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 202 (5.31%) AIX
6 162 (4.26%) Windows Server
7 134 (3.52%) Mac OS X
8 105 (2.76%) CentOS
9 85 (2.23%) HPUX
10 61 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
11 56 (1.47%) Ubuntu
12 55 (1.45%) VMS
13 54 (1.42%) Windows 7
14 51 (1.34%) Windows Server 2003
15 41 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
16 34 (0.89%) Apple iOS
17 30 (0.79%) Windows 2000
18 29 (0.76%) MVS
19 28 (0.74%) Mac OS
19 28 (0.74%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,112 (29.23%) Agile Software Development
2 839 (22.06%) DevOps
3 449 (11.80%) Continuous Integration
4 447 (11.75%) Test Automation
5 408 (10.73%) Problem-Solving
6 387 (10.17%) TDD
7 364 (9.57%) Configuration Management
8 285 (7.49%) Scrum
9 282 (7.41%) Migration
10 277 (7.28%) OO
11 271 (7.12%) Open Source
12 263 (6.91%) Microservices
13 261 (6.86%) ITIL
14 254 (6.68%) BDD
15 220 (5.78%) SDLC
16 193 (5.07%) Software Engineering
17 192 (5.05%) Continuous Delivery
18 172 (4.52%) Mentoring
19 161 (4.23%) Performance Tuning
20 158 (4.15%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,460 (38.38%) Java
2 1,226 (32.23%) SQL
3 862 (22.66%) Python
4 606 (15.93%) Shell Script
5 479 (12.59%) Perl
6 401 (10.54%) Bash Shell
7 382 (10.04%) JavaScript
8 292 (7.68%) Ruby
9 271 (7.12%) PL/SQL
10 211 (5.55%) C++
11 177 (4.65%) Java 8
11 177 (4.65%) Scala
12 147 (3.86%) PowerShell
13 140 (3.68%) C
14 130 (3.42%) C#
15 129 (3.39%) PHP
16 90 (2.37%) Groovy
17 72 (1.89%) Korn
18 53 (1.39%) JPQL
19 34 (0.89%) R
Qualifications
1 398 (10.46%) Security Cleared
2 283 (7.44%) Degree
2 283 (7.44%) SC Cleared
3 76 (2.00%) CISSP
4 69 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
5 56 (1.47%) Cisco Certification
6 41 (1.08%) DV Cleared
7 35 (0.92%) CCNP
8 31 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
9 30 (0.79%) CISM
10 29 (0.76%) AWS Certification
11 28 (0.74%) CCNA
11 28 (0.74%) ISEB
11 28 (0.74%) ISTQB
12 27 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
13 25 (0.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 25 (0.66%) ITIL Certification
14 22 (0.58%) SANS
15 16 (0.42%) MCSE
16 14 (0.37%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (4.23%) QA
2 65 (1.71%) SLA
3 46 (1.21%) GDPR
4 34 (0.89%) Data Quality
4 34 (0.89%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 31 (0.81%) PCI DSS
6 26 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 26 (0.68%) MiFID
7 23 (0.60%) TARGET2
8 22 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
9 18 (0.47%) GCP
10 16 (0.42%) EMIR
11 15 (0.39%) PMO
11 15 (0.39%) SEPA
12 13 (0.34%) COBIT
13 12 (0.32%) Dodd-Frank
14 6 (0.16%) NIST 800
15 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 4 (0.11%) JSP 440
16 4 (0.11%) RMADS
System Software
1 475 (12.49%) Docker
2 129 (3.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 124 (3.26%) Active Directory
4 84 (2.21%) HDFS
5 70 (1.84%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 49 (1.29%) vSphere
7 42 (1.10%) Hyper-V
8 41 (1.08%) VMware ESXi
9 37 (0.97%) Oracle RAC
10 29 (0.76%) Firmware
11 28 (0.74%) NFS
12 25 (0.66%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 25 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
13 22 (0.58%) RACF
14 20 (0.53%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
15 19 (0.50%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 17 (0.45%) Job Entry Subsystem
17 16 (0.42%) KVM
18 15 (0.39%) Virtual Servers
18 15 (0.39%) Xen
Systems Management
1 444 (11.67%) Ansible
2 432 (11.36%) Puppet
3 287 (7.54%) Opscode Chef
4 223 (5.86%) Kubernetes
5 148 (3.89%) Terraform
6 106 (2.79%) logstash
7 101 (2.66%) Grafana
8 82 (2.16%) Kibana
9 79 (2.08%) Hadoop YARN
10 69 (1.81%) Tivoli
11 57 (1.50%) Nagios
12 48 (1.26%) BladeLogic
13 40 (1.05%) NetBackup
14 36 (0.95%) SCOM
15 33 (0.87%) SCCM
16 29 (0.76%) Rancher
17 28 (0.74%) Control-M
17 28 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
18 27 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
18 27 (0.71%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 977 (25.68%) Oracle
2 380 (9.99%) Red Hat
3 282 (7.41%) Microsoft
4 242 (6.36%) IBM
5 198 (5.21%) VMware
6 192 (5.05%) Splunk
7 146 (3.84%) HP
8 114 (3.00%) Cisco
9 110 (2.89%) Sybase
10 96 (2.52%) AppDynamics
11 92 (2.42%) Atlassian
12 77 (2.02%) SAP
13 74 (1.95%) Veritas
14 67 (1.76%) EMC
15 65 (1.71%) Sun
16 64 (1.68%) Citrix
16 64 (1.68%) Google
17 58 (1.52%) webMethods
18 57 (1.50%) TIBCO
19 55 (1.45%) CA