Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 97 64
Rank change year-on-year +18 -33 -16
Contract jobs citing Unix 936 1,620 3,426
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.73% 2.47% 3.75%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.05% 11.91% 17.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 732 1,017 2,285
Median daily rate £475 £473 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% -4.55% -1.00%
10th Percentile £333 £313 £328
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £461 £475
% change year-on-year +2.98% -2.89% -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 19 43
Median hourly rate £39.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +14.29% +12.36%
10th Percentile £27.00 £14.00 £15.30
90th Percentile £60.00 £51.50 £49.75
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year - +14.29% +13.82%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,221 13,597 19,084
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.11% 20.70% 20.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,007 8,738 12,223
Median daily rate £428 £413 £428
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.76% -3.51% +0.59%
10th Percentile £163 £143 £162
90th Percentile £615 £606 £613
UK median daily rate £430 £410 £425
% change year-on-year +4.88% -3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 360 1,009 1,187
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.10 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.80% +0.59% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £47.00
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +1.43% +2.94% -

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 442 £575 +9.52% 127
Midlands +32 168 £405 -4.71% 40
West Midlands +27 137 £405 +1.25% 24
South East +16 104 £488 +14.71% 27
North of England -13 102 £450 -0.55% 49
North West -19 46 £425 -5.56% 25
East of England +25 45 £406 +3.50% 20
North East +40 33 £450 +5.88% 4
South West +20 30 £500 +17.65% 25
East Midlands +40 29 £387 -22.70% 16
Yorkshire -32 23 £525 +10.53% 20
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 548 (58.55%) Linux
2 390 (41.67%) SQL
3 358 (38.25%) Java
4 350 (37.39%) Oracle
5 280 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
6 267 (28.53%) Windows
7 196 (20.94%) Docker
8 179 (19.12%) Python
9 176 (18.80%) Kubernetes
10 175 (18.70%) Git (software)
11 165 (17.63%) Shell Script
12 158 (16.88%) Security Cleared
13 142 (15.17%) DevOps
14 141 (15.06%) Spring
15 139 (14.85%) PL/SQL
16 136 (14.53%) AWS
17 133 (14.21%) Finance
18 132 (14.10%) Banking
19 131 (14.00%) SC Cleared
20 129 (13.78%) Test Automation
21 126 (13.46%) XML
22 122 (13.03%) Relational Database
22 122 (13.03%) Jenkins
23 120 (12.82%) Middleware
24 119 (12.71%) Perl
25 118 (12.61%) JIRA
26 116 (12.39%) Configuration Management
26 116 (12.39%) Problem-Solving
27 114 (12.18%) Microservices
28 112 (11.97%) WebLogic

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (11.97%) WebLogic
2 75 (8.01%) Mule
3 70 (7.48%) Confluence
4 48 (5.13%) JBoss
5 29 (3.10%) Apache
6 26 (2.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 25 (2.67%) Tomcat
8 23 (2.46%) WebSphere
9 18 (1.92%) Red Hat Fuse
10 17 (1.82%) SAS
11 15 (1.60%) IIS
12 11 (1.18%) Apache Spark
12 11 (1.18%) SharePoint
13 10 (1.07%) NetWeaver
13 10 (1.07%) OpenStack
13 10 (1.07%) Oracle Workflow
14 7 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
14 7 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
14 7 (0.75%) Oracle Service Bus
15 6 (0.64%) Mailman
Applications
1 44 (4.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.28%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.11%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 22 (2.35%) Oracle EBS
2 16 (1.71%) SAP FI-CA
3 11 (1.18%) Oracle Applications
4 9 (0.96%) SAP PSCD
5 5 (0.53%) Magento
6 4 (0.43%) assyst
6 4 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.32%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle E-Business Tax
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle iSupplier
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 3 (0.32%) Summit
8 2 (0.21%) OpenText Process Suite
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.21%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.21%) Salerio
8 2 (0.21%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 136 (14.53%) AWS
2 111 (11.86%) Azure
3 34 (3.63%) GitHub
4 30 (3.21%) Cloud Computing
4 30 (3.21%) OpenShift
5 27 (2.88%) GCP
6 26 (2.78%) Office 365
7 22 (2.35%) PaaS
8 17 (1.82%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (1.60%) IaaS
10 12 (1.28%) SaaS
11 10 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 10 (1.07%) Serverless
12 8 (0.85%) Azure Active Directory
13 7 (0.75%) Amazon ECS
13 7 (0.75%) Amazon S3
14 6 (0.64%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 6 (0.64%) Datadog
14 6 (0.64%) OneDrive
15 5 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 77 (8.23%) Firewall
2 50 (5.34%) DNS
2 50 (5.34%) TCP/IP
3 33 (3.53%) DHCP
4 30 (3.21%) SAN
4 30 (3.21%) WAN
5 28 (2.99%) HTTP
6 24 (2.56%) LAN
7 22 (2.35%) VPN
8 19 (2.03%) SSL
9 14 (1.50%) Intrusion Detection
9 14 (1.50%) Kerberos
9 14 (1.50%) SNMP
10 12 (1.28%) Internet
10 12 (1.28%) MPLS
10 12 (1.28%) SMTP
11 11 (1.18%) Unified Communications
11 11 (1.18%) VLAN
12 10 (1.07%) Skype
13 9 (0.96%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (13.03%) Relational Database
2 109 (11.65%) MySQL
3 90 (9.62%) SQL Server
4 87 (9.29%) Oracle Database
5 62 (6.62%) MongoDB
6 46 (4.91%) NoSQL
7 42 (4.49%) Big Data
8 33 (3.53%) Data Warehouse
9 32 (3.42%) Oracle Database 11g
10 31 (3.31%) Hadoop
11 27 (2.88%) Pentaho
12 25 (2.67%) BusinessObjects
12 25 (2.67%) DB2
13 24 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
14 17 (1.82%) Apache Hive
15 16 (1.71%) RDBMS
16 15 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
16 15 (1.60%) Oracle Reports
17 14 (1.50%) HBase
17 14 (1.50%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 175 (18.70%) Git (software)
2 122 (13.03%) Jenkins
3 118 (12.61%) JIRA
4 68 (7.26%) Maven
5 54 (5.77%) Cucumber
6 50 (5.34%) CA Gen
6 50 (5.34%) Subversion
7 43 (4.59%) Bitbucket
8 40 (4.27%) Selenium
9 39 (4.17%) Toad
10 33 (3.53%) JUnit
11 30 (3.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 28 (2.99%) GitLab
12 28 (2.99%) Postman
13 23 (2.46%) SoapUI
14 19 (2.03%) Artifactory
14 19 (2.03%) JMeter
14 19 (2.03%) jMock
15 18 (1.92%) Hudson
16 16 (1.71%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 133 (14.21%) Finance
2 132 (14.10%) Banking
3 83 (8.87%) Front Office
4 77 (8.23%) Public Sector
5 51 (5.45%) Investment Banking
6 17 (1.82%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.07%) Financial Institution
8 9 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
8 9 (0.96%) Retail
9 8 (0.85%) Law
10 7 (0.75%) Back Office
11 6 (0.64%) French Language
12 5 (0.53%) Advertising
12 5 (0.53%) Marketing
13 4 (0.43%) Games
13 4 (0.43%) Publishing
14 3 (0.32%) General Ledger
14 3 (0.32%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.21%) Legal
15 2 (0.21%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 283 (30.24%) Developer
2 138 (14.74%) Java Developer
3 77 (8.23%) Analyst
4 56 (5.98%) Architect
5 49 (5.24%) Integration Developer
6 44 (4.70%) Software Engineer
7 42 (4.49%) Consultant
8 41 (4.38%) DevOps Engineer
9 39 (4.17%) Senior Developer
10 36 (3.85%) DBA
11 34 (3.63%) Administrator
12 33 (3.53%) Unix Engineer
13 32 (3.42%) Support Engineer
14 31 (3.31%) Oracle DBA
15 28 (2.99%) Test Analyst
16 26 (2.78%) Data Engineer
17 24 (2.56%) Senior Java Developer
18 21 (2.24%) Software Developer
18 21 (2.24%) Tester
19 19 (2.03%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (15.06%) Spring
2 126 (13.46%) XML
3 120 (12.82%) Middleware
4 80 (8.55%) J2EE
5 79 (8.44%) Apache Camel
6 71 (7.59%) Web Services
7 69 (7.37%) JSON
8 61 (6.52%) REST
9 60 (6.41%) Spring Integration
10 50 (5.34%) HTML
11 47 (5.02%) SOAP
12 42 (4.49%) Spring Boot
13 39 (4.17%) Hibernate
14 35 (3.74%) RabbitMQ
15 34 (3.63%) RESTful
16 33 (3.53%) CSS
17 31 (3.31%) JMS
18 29 (3.10%) Java EE
19 27 (2.88%) Kafka
20 20 (2.14%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 55 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (3.85%) Linux Command Line
3 35 (3.74%) Management Information System
4 31 (3.31%) Data Centre
5 27 (2.88%) Fixed Income
6 22 (2.35%) User Experience
7 21 (2.24%) Clustering
7 21 (2.24%) Equities
8 19 (2.03%) Public Cloud
8 19 (2.03%) Virtual Team
9 17 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (1.60%) Algorithms
11 13 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
11 13 (1.39%) PKI
12 12 (1.28%) CMDB
13 11 (1.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 9 (0.96%) Data Structures
14 9 (0.96%) Private Cloud
14 9 (0.96%) Robotics
15 8 (0.85%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 548 (58.55%) Linux
2 267 (28.53%) Windows
3 70 (7.48%) AIX
4 63 (6.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 48 (5.13%) Solaris
6 37 (3.95%) Windows Server
7 33 (3.53%) Mac OS X
8 16 (1.71%) CentOS
9 11 (1.18%) VMS
10 10 (1.07%) HPUX
10 10 (1.07%) SUSE
11 9 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
11 9 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.85%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.75%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.64%) Windows 10
14 6 (0.64%) Windows Server 2019
15 5 (0.53%) Debian
15 5 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.53%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 280 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
2 142 (15.17%) DevOps
3 129 (13.78%) Test Automation
4 116 (12.39%) Configuration Management
4 116 (12.39%) Problem-Solving
5 114 (12.18%) Microservices
6 112 (11.97%) TDD
7 108 (11.54%) Scrum
8 89 (9.51%) Migration
9 88 (9.40%) Test Strategy
10 87 (9.29%) Data Modelling
10 87 (9.29%) OO
11 86 (9.19%) Software Engineering
12 84 (8.97%) Process Improvement
13 78 (8.33%) BDD
14 74 (7.91%) Problem Management
15 71 (7.59%) ETL
16 63 (6.73%) Continuous Integration
17 62 (6.62%) Performance Tuning
18 61 (6.52%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 390 (41.67%) SQL
2 358 (38.25%) Java
3 179 (19.12%) Python
4 165 (17.63%) Shell Script
5 139 (14.85%) PL/SQL
6 119 (12.71%) Perl
7 72 (7.69%) JavaScript
8 71 (7.59%) PowerShell
9 49 (5.24%) Java 8
10 47 (5.02%) Bash Shell
11 46 (4.91%) C
12 44 (4.70%) C++
13 31 (3.31%) Ruby
14 28 (2.99%) COBOL
15 23 (2.46%) Scala
16 19 (2.03%) Korn
17 18 (1.92%) VBA
18 17 (1.82%) Go
19 16 (1.71%) C#
20 12 (1.28%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 158 (16.88%) Security Cleared
2 131 (14.00%) SC Cleared
3 62 (6.62%) Degree
4 39 (4.17%) ISTQB
5 38 (4.06%) ISEB
6 34 (3.63%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 17 (1.82%) Cisco Certification
8 16 (1.71%) DV Cleared
9 15 (1.60%) CISSP
9 15 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
10 9 (0.96%) CCNA
10 9 (0.96%) CCNP
10 9 (0.96%) CISM
11 8 (0.85%) GIAC
11 8 (0.85%) RHCE
11 8 (0.85%) RHCSA
12 7 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.75%) CompTIA Security+
13 6 (0.64%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.64%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (5.13%) QA
2 21 (2.24%) GDPR
3 17 (1.82%) SLA
4 16 (1.71%) PCI DSS
5 14 (1.50%) COBIT
6 12 (1.28%) NIST
7 7 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 7 (0.75%) WCAG
8 5 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.53%) PMO
9 3 (0.32%) COREP
9 3 (0.32%) GxP
9 3 (0.32%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.32%) RMADS
10 2 (0.21%) CRD IV
10 2 (0.21%) HL7
10 2 (0.21%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.21%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.11%) FINREP
System Software
1 196 (20.94%) Docker
2 77 (8.23%) Active Directory
3 53 (5.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (2.46%) Oracle RAC
5 21 (2.24%) Virtual Machines
6 15 (1.60%) HDFS
7 14 (1.50%) Hyper-V
8 13 (1.39%) Firmware
9 12 (1.28%) NFS
10 11 (1.18%) vSphere
11 10 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 9 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
13 8 (0.85%) Oracle Clusterware
14 7 (0.75%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
15 6 (0.64%) GPFS
15 6 (0.64%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 5 (0.53%) Postfix
16 5 (0.53%) PowerHA
16 5 (0.53%) Sendmail
16 5 (0.53%) Xen
Systems Management
1 176 (18.80%) Kubernetes
2 94 (10.04%) Ansible
3 69 (7.37%) Puppet
4 43 (4.59%) Opscode Chef
5 41 (4.38%) Terraform
6 24 (2.56%) Tivoli
7 22 (2.35%) Oracle RMAN
8 20 (2.14%) Data Guard
9 19 (2.03%) Prometheus
10 14 (1.50%) Nagios
11 13 (1.39%) Grafana
11 13 (1.39%) Single Sign-On
12 12 (1.28%) HP ALM
13 10 (1.07%) NetBackup
13 10 (1.07%) Netcool
13 10 (1.07%) Netcool/OMNIbus
13 10 (1.07%) Netcool/Webtop
14 9 (0.96%) Rancher
14 9 (0.96%) vCenter Server
15 8 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 350 (37.39%) Oracle
2 99 (10.58%) Microsoft
3 83 (8.87%) VMware
4 75 (8.01%) IBM
4 75 (8.01%) Red Hat
4 75 (8.01%) webMethods
5 55 (5.88%) BEA
6 52 (5.56%) Splunk
7 51 (5.45%) Informatica
8 45 (4.81%) SAP
9 42 (4.49%) Sybase
10 40 (4.27%) Pega
11 32 (3.42%) HP
12 25 (2.67%) Citrix
12 25 (2.67%) CyberArk
13 24 (2.56%) Cisco
14 23 (2.46%) ServiceNow
15 21 (2.24%) Atlassian
16 20 (2.14%) EMC
17 19 (2.03%) CA