Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 98 70 53
Rank change year-on-year -28 -17 -10
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,332 2,993 3,880
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.38% 3.40% 4.16%
As % of the Operating Systems category 11.69% 16.60% 19.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 840 1,856 2,542
Median daily rate £475 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £319 £328 £338
90th Percentile £657 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £470 £475 £490
% change year-on-year -1.05% -3.06% +8.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 43 53
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £16.00 £14.00 £14.33
90th Percentile £48.73 £50.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -1.41% +1.43% -6.67%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,396 18,028 19,515
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.37% 20.47% 20.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,074 11,438 12,552
Median daily rate £425 £435 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.30% -0.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £143 £160 £178
90th Percentile £613 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £413 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -2.88% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 930 1,078 1,154
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.72% +5.30%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.23 £11.17
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £47.83
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +0.01% +2.93% +3.03%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -34 609 £525 - 157
North of England -12 227 £475 +5.56% 65
Midlands +12 178 £428 +7.00% 58
South East -53 172 £425 -5.56% 65
West Midlands +3 139 £425 +7.32% 39
North West +12 131 £453 -4.74% 29
Yorkshire -34 78 £525 +16.67% 28
East of England -31 73 £385 -14.39% 27
South West -54 71 £450 -5.26% 17
East Midlands +17 36 £500 +17.65% 19
North East +1 23 £450 +25.00% 8
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 752 (56.46%) Linux
2 527 (39.56%) SQL
3 519 (38.96%) Java
4 506 (37.99%) Oracle
5 417 (31.31%) Agile Software Development
6 374 (28.08%) Windows
7 285 (21.40%) Python
8 265 (19.89%) Git (software)
8 265 (19.89%) DevOps
9 244 (18.32%) Shell Script
10 243 (18.24%) Test Automation
11 231 (17.34%) Finance
12 217 (16.29%) AWS
13 197 (14.79%) Azure
13 197 (14.79%) Docker
14 192 (14.41%) XML
15 191 (14.34%) PL/SQL
16 188 (14.11%) Security Cleared
17 186 (13.96%) Jenkins
18 174 (13.06%) Continuous Integration
19 167 (12.54%) TDD
20 166 (12.46%) Microsoft
21 159 (11.94%) JavaScript
22 158 (11.86%) JIRA
23 157 (11.79%) SC Cleared
24 148 (11.11%) Oracle Database
25 145 (10.89%) Bash Shell
26 143 (10.74%) Red Hat
27 141 (10.59%) SQL Server
27 141 (10.59%) Microservices

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (8.11%) WebLogic
2 99 (7.43%) Confluence
3 53 (3.98%) Tomcat
4 46 (3.45%) Apache
5 45 (3.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 41 (3.08%) SAS
7 26 (1.95%) Apache Spark
8 20 (1.50%) WebSphere
9 18 (1.35%) JBoss
9 18 (1.35%) Oracle Workflow
10 16 (1.20%) OpenStack
11 15 (1.13%) Elasticsearch
11 15 (1.13%) SharePoint
12 13 (0.98%) Oracle Service Bus
13 12 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
14 10 (0.75%) IIS
15 8 (0.60%) Oracle Application Server
16 7 (0.53%) MS Exchange
16 7 (0.53%) nginx
16 7 (0.53%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 34 (2.55%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (2.25%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (1.28%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (1.50%) BusinessWorks
2 18 (1.35%) Oracle EBS
3 10 (0.75%) Finacle
3 10 (0.75%) Oracle Receivables
4 9 (0.68%) assyst
5 6 (0.45%) Oracle Payables
6 5 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
7 4 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
7 4 (0.30%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 4 (0.30%) SAP FI-CA
7 4 (0.30%) SAP MM
7 4 (0.30%) SAP PSCD
7 4 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
8 3 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.23%) Oracle iSupplier
8 3 (0.23%) Temenos T24
9 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.15%) SnowdropKCS
Cloud Services
1 217 (16.29%) AWS
2 197 (14.79%) Azure
3 58 (4.35%) GitHub
4 40 (3.00%) GCP
5 34 (2.55%) Office 365
5 34 (2.55%) PaaS
6 26 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
6 26 (1.95%) Amazon S3
6 26 (1.95%) IaaS
7 25 (1.88%) OpenShift
8 24 (1.80%) Azure Active Directory
9 23 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
10 21 (1.58%) Serverless
11 20 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
11 20 (1.50%) Power Platform
11 20 (1.50%) SaaS
12 18 (1.35%) Boomi
13 17 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (1.05%) Amazon EKS
15 13 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 73 (5.48%) HTTP
2 60 (4.50%) Firewall
3 58 (4.35%) TCP/IP
4 54 (4.05%) DNS
5 47 (3.53%) SAN
6 23 (1.73%) VPN
7 20 (1.50%) BGP
7 20 (1.50%) OSPF
7 20 (1.50%) SSL
8 19 (1.43%) FTP
9 18 (1.35%) Internet
9 18 (1.35%) LAN
9 18 (1.35%) WAN
10 17 (1.28%) MPLS
10 17 (1.28%) Network Security
11 16 (1.20%) IPsec
11 16 (1.20%) SNMP
12 15 (1.13%) DHCP
12 15 (1.13%) HTTPS
12 15 (1.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (11.11%) Oracle Database
2 141 (10.59%) SQL Server
3 101 (7.58%) Relational Database
4 84 (6.31%) MongoDB
5 83 (6.23%) MySQL
6 78 (5.86%) NoSQL
7 64 (4.80%) Big Data
7 64 (4.80%) Oracle Database 11g
8 62 (4.65%) Hadoop
9 48 (3.60%) Data Warehouse
9 48 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
10 44 (3.30%) RDBMS
11 42 (3.15%) Oracle Database 12c
12 41 (3.08%) Pentaho
13 33 (2.48%) Oracle Reports
14 23 (1.73%) Amazon Redshift
14 23 (1.73%) BusinessObjects
15 22 (1.65%) Oracle OWB
16 20 (1.50%) DB2
16 20 (1.50%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 265 (19.89%) Git (software)
2 186 (13.96%) Jenkins
3 158 (11.86%) JIRA
4 82 (6.16%) JUnit
5 72 (5.41%) Maven
6 70 (5.26%) Selenium
7 60 (4.50%) Cucumber
8 45 (3.38%) Bitbucket
9 37 (2.78%) Eclipse
10 35 (2.63%) GitLab
10 35 (2.63%) Subversion
11 33 (2.48%) Mockito
12 32 (2.40%) Artifactory
13 26 (1.95%) Spock
14 24 (1.80%) Oracle Forms
15 23 (1.73%) Ant
15 23 (1.73%) Gradle
16 20 (1.50%) SonarQube
17 19 (1.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 18 (1.35%) Gatling
General
1 231 (17.34%) Finance
2 113 (8.48%) Banking
3 86 (6.46%) Public Sector
4 34 (2.55%) Front Office
5 33 (2.48%) Investment Banking
6 25 (1.88%) Telecoms
7 16 (1.20%) Retail
8 14 (1.05%) Financial Institution
8 14 (1.05%) Games
9 13 (0.98%) Legal
10 10 (0.75%) Marketing
10 10 (0.75%) Retail Banking
11 9 (0.68%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.60%) Electronics
13 6 (0.45%) Local Government
14 5 (0.38%) Automotive
15 4 (0.30%) Back Office
15 4 (0.30%) General Ledger
16 3 (0.23%) Law
16 3 (0.23%) Police
Job Titles
1 420 (31.53%) Developer
2 143 (10.74%) Analyst
3 135 (10.14%) Java Developer
4 99 (7.43%) Architect
5 85 (6.38%) Administrator
6 77 (5.78%) Senior Developer
7 67 (5.03%) DevOps Engineer
8 56 (4.20%) DBA
9 52 (3.90%) Software Engineer
10 50 (3.75%) Consultant
11 47 (3.53%) Unix Engineer
12 43 (3.23%) Oracle Developer
13 42 (3.15%) Oracle DBA
14 40 (3.00%) Linux Engineer
15 39 (2.93%) Systems Engineer
16 38 (2.85%) Support Analyst
16 38 (2.85%) Test Analyst
17 34 (2.55%) Systems Administrator
18 29 (2.18%) Senior Java Developer
19 28 (2.10%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 192 (14.41%) XML
2 123 (9.23%) REST
2 123 (9.23%) Spring
3 108 (8.11%) HTML
4 100 (7.51%) SOAP
5 91 (6.83%) Web Services
6 81 (6.08%) J2EE
7 80 (6.01%) Node.js
8 78 (5.86%) JSON
9 76 (5.71%) CSS
10 74 (5.56%) Spring Boot
11 70 (5.26%) Middleware
12 64 (4.80%) RESTful
13 63 (4.73%) AngularJS
14 51 (3.83%) LDAP
15 48 (3.60%) .NET
16 39 (2.93%) React
17 33 (2.48%) Kafka
18 28 (2.10%) JAX-RS
19 27 (2.03%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 122 (9.16%) Analytical Skills
2 56 (4.20%) Linux Command Line
3 35 (2.63%) Data Centre
4 29 (2.18%) Algorithms
4 29 (2.18%) PKI
5 25 (1.88%) Management Information System
5 25 (1.88%) User Experience
6 24 (1.80%) Clustering
6 24 (1.80%) Mainframe
7 22 (1.65%) Data Structures
8 19 (1.43%) Blog
9 16 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
10 13 (0.98%) Cloud Native
10 13 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 13 (0.98%) Replication
11 11 (0.83%) Hedge funds
12 10 (0.75%) Derivative
12 10 (0.75%) EMC VNX
13 9 (0.68%) Credit Risk
13 9 (0.68%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 752 (56.46%) Linux
2 374 (28.08%) Windows
3 134 (10.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 99 (7.43%) Solaris
5 78 (5.86%) Windows Server
6 64 (4.80%) Mac OS X
7 52 (3.90%) AIX
8 33 (2.48%) CentOS
9 24 (1.80%) Mac OS
10 23 (1.73%) Ubuntu
11 17 (1.28%) Windows Server 2016
12 15 (1.13%) FreeRTOS
12 15 (1.13%) ThreadX
13 13 (0.98%) SUSE
13 13 (0.98%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.90%) Windows 10
15 10 (0.75%) Android
15 10 (0.75%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 10 (0.75%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.75%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 417 (31.31%) Agile Software Development
2 265 (19.89%) DevOps
3 243 (18.24%) Test Automation
4 174 (13.06%) Continuous Integration
5 167 (12.54%) TDD
6 141 (10.59%) Microservices
7 126 (9.46%) Problem-Solving
8 120 (9.01%) ITIL
9 109 (8.18%) Software Engineering
10 107 (8.03%) Configuration Management
11 99 (7.43%) Scrum
12 93 (6.98%) Migration
13 87 (6.53%) Open Source
14 83 (6.23%) ETL
15 82 (6.16%) Continuous Deployment
16 77 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
17 76 (5.71%) Data Modelling
18 73 (5.48%) SDLC
19 72 (5.41%) Mentoring
20 69 (5.18%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 527 (39.56%) SQL
2 519 (38.96%) Java
3 285 (21.40%) Python
4 244 (18.32%) Shell Script
5 191 (14.34%) PL/SQL
6 159 (11.94%) JavaScript
7 145 (10.89%) Bash Shell
8 126 (9.46%) Perl
9 82 (6.16%) PowerShell
10 74 (5.56%) C
11 73 (5.48%) C++
12 60 (4.50%) Java 8
13 43 (3.23%) Ruby
14 37 (2.78%) Scala
15 32 (2.40%) XPath
16 30 (2.25%) C#
17 27 (2.03%) ES6
18 26 (1.95%) PHP
19 19 (1.43%) Embedded C
19 19 (1.43%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 188 (14.11%) Security Cleared
2 157 (11.79%) SC Cleared
3 88 (6.61%) Degree
4 51 (3.83%) ISEB
5 43 (3.23%) ISTQB
6 39 (2.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 28 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
8 26 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
9 18 (1.35%) Cisco Certification
10 15 (1.13%) CCNP
10 15 (1.13%) DV Cleared
11 13 (0.98%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.98%) ISEB Practitioner
12 11 (0.83%) CISSP
13 10 (0.75%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.68%) CISM
15 7 (0.53%) CCNA
15 7 (0.53%) DBS Check
15 7 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
16 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (4.35%) QA
2 42 (3.15%) SLA
3 16 (1.20%) Data Quality
4 15 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 8 (0.60%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 6 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials
7 6 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.30%) COBIT
8 4 (0.30%) HL7
9 3 (0.23%) ECSS
9 3 (0.23%) GDPR
10 2 (0.15%) COREP
10 2 (0.15%) FINREP
10 2 (0.15%) JSP 440
10 2 (0.15%) MiFID
10 2 (0.15%) NCSC
10 2 (0.15%) NIST
11 1 (0.075%) TARGET2
System Software
1 197 (14.79%) Docker
2 110 (8.26%) Active Directory
3 58 (4.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (2.48%) Oracle RAC
5 25 (1.88%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (1.73%) Hyper-V
7 17 (1.28%) HDFS
8 9 (0.68%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 9 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (0.60%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 8 (0.60%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 8 (0.60%) vSphere
10 7 (0.53%) VMware NSX
11 6 (0.45%) OCFS2
11 6 (0.45%) RACF
11 6 (0.45%) Squid
12 5 (0.38%) NFS
12 5 (0.38%) Samba
12 5 (0.38%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 5 (0.38%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 132 (9.91%) Ansible
2 122 (9.16%) Kubernetes
3 94 (7.06%) Terraform
4 84 (6.31%) Puppet
5 51 (3.83%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (2.55%) Oracle RMAN
7 28 (2.10%) NetBackup
8 27 (2.03%) SCCM
9 26 (1.95%) Kibana
10 24 (1.80%) Data Guard
10 24 (1.80%) Nagios
11 22 (1.65%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 17 (1.28%) logstash
13 16 (1.20%) Grafana
13 16 (1.20%) Tivoli
14 14 (1.05%) ITRS Geneos
14 14 (1.05%) Prometheus
15 13 (0.98%) WSUS
16 9 (0.68%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
16 9 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 506 (37.99%) Oracle
2 166 (12.46%) Microsoft
3 143 (10.74%) Red Hat
4 101 (7.58%) VMware
5 70 (5.26%) IBM
6 64 (4.80%) Informatica
6 64 (4.80%) Splunk
7 58 (4.35%) webMethods
8 45 (3.38%) SAP
9 41 (3.08%) Cisco
10 38 (2.85%) TIBCO
11 36 (2.70%) BEA
12 31 (2.33%) HP
13 30 (2.25%) Google
13 30 (2.25%) Sybase
14 28 (2.10%) EMC
15 27 (2.03%) Dell
16 25 (1.88%) CheckPoint
17 23 (1.73%) Cloudera
18 22 (1.65%) Sun