Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 82 83
Rank change year-on-year -14 +1 -24
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,480 991 2,494
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.59% 3.04% 2.99%
As % of the Operating Systems category 16.29% 15.67% 14.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,022 673 1,537
10th Percentile £358 £323 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% -1.00% -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £581
90th Percentile £700 £667 £650
UK median daily rate £513 £488 £488
% change year-on-year +5.13% - +1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 16 30
10th Percentile £16.60 £29.63 £13.98
25th Percentile £24.35 £35.19 £14.56
Median hourly rate £39.50 £42.00 £33.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.95% +27.27% +6.45%
75th Percentile £58.44 £60.48 £47.42
90th Percentile £60.00 £66.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £42.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year +19.05% +27.27% +6.45%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 9,086 6,325 16,652
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.90% 19.37% 19.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,016 4,249 10,802
10th Percentile £180 £163 £158
25th Percentile £350 £313 £310
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £473 £450 £438
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.86% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £544
90th Percentile £660 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 487 360 972
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.65 £11.25
25th Percentile £13.50 £13.80 £13.25
Median hourly rate £17.50 £18.19 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.77% +3.91% -
75th Percentile £39.50 £25.00 £33.56
90th Percentile £60.20 £47.83 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.45 £17.50
% change year-on-year -5.16% +5.44% +2.94%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 813 £575 +9.52% 163
Midlands +10 249 £465 +9.41% 47
West Midlands +6 223 £454 +6.76% 27
North of England -30 149 £450 -10.00% 54
South East -36 123 £450 - 38
North West -39 77 £400 -11.11% 26
Yorkshire -28 46 £500 -2.44% 18
South West -14 40 £500 +17.65% 28
East of England -25 37 £491 +1.29% 13
North East +14 27 £550 +22.22% 10
East Midlands -14 22 £470 +17.57% 19
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 798 (53.92%) Linux
2 611 (41.28%) Java
3 589 (39.80%) SQL
4 494 (33.38%) Oracle
5 492 (33.24%) Agile Software Development
6 402 (27.16%) Social Skills
7 383 (25.88%) Python
8 347 (23.45%) Windows
9 337 (22.77%) Finance
10 317 (21.42%) Git (software)
11 274 (18.51%) AWS
12 259 (17.50%) Shell Script
13 250 (16.89%) Jenkins
14 228 (15.41%) DevOps
15 227 (15.34%) Spring
16 219 (14.80%) JIRA
16 219 (14.80%) Ansible
17 216 (14.59%) Banking
18 206 (13.92%) Azure
19 203 (13.72%) Software Engineering
20 202 (13.65%) Test Automation
21 191 (12.91%) Problem-Solving
22 187 (12.64%) Scrum
23 184 (12.43%) Docker
24 178 (12.03%) Relational Database
25 177 (11.96%) PL/SQL
26 172 (11.62%) Configuration Management
27 166 (11.22%) Kubernetes
28 160 (10.81%) Confluence
29 156 (10.54%) JavaScript

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (10.81%) Confluence
2 125 (8.45%) WebLogic
3 72 (4.86%) Mule
4 68 (4.59%) Apache Spark
4 68 (4.59%) SAS
5 63 (4.26%) Apache
6 58 (3.92%) Tomcat
7 53 (3.58%) JBoss
8 52 (3.51%) WebSphere
9 32 (2.16%) SharePoint
10 26 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
11 25 (1.69%) CMS
12 23 (1.55%) Red Hat Fuse
13 18 (1.22%) IIS
14 16 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 16 (1.08%) WebLogic Portal
15 14 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
16 13 (0.88%) Jetty
17 12 (0.81%) nginx
18 11 (0.74%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 35 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.68%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.41%) Siemens NX
5 4 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.068%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.068%) PTC Creo
Business Applications
1 18 (1.22%) Oracle EBS
2 14 (0.95%) SAP HCM
3 12 (0.81%) assyst
3 12 (0.81%) Oracle Applications
3 12 (0.81%) Oracle EBS R12
4 9 (0.61%) SAP FI-CA
4 9 (0.61%) SAP PSCD
5 8 (0.54%) Magento
6 7 (0.47%) RMDS
7 6 (0.41%) ION MarketView
7 6 (0.41%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.41%) Oracle Receivables
8 4 (0.27%) Sentinel
8 4 (0.27%) Teamcenter
9 3 (0.20%) IntelliMatch
10 2 (0.14%) Actimize
10 2 (0.14%) Eikon
10 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
10 2 (0.14%) Shopify
11 1 (0.068%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 274 (18.51%) AWS
2 206 (13.92%) Azure
3 76 (5.14%) GCP
4 66 (4.46%) GitHub
5 49 (3.31%) IaaS
6 36 (2.43%) OpenShift
7 33 (2.23%) Power Platform
8 32 (2.16%) Microsoft 365
9 27 (1.82%) PaaS
10 22 (1.49%) Amazon S3
11 20 (1.35%) SaaS
12 19 (1.28%) Serverless
13 17 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
14 16 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
15 14 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
15 14 (0.95%) SuccessFactors
16 12 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
17 11 (0.74%) Apigee
18 9 (0.61%) npm
18 9 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 87 (5.88%) Firewall
2 52 (3.51%) HTTP
3 46 (3.11%) TCP/IP
4 45 (3.04%) SAN
5 43 (2.91%) DNS
6 35 (2.36%) SSL
7 27 (1.82%) Network Security
8 26 (1.76%) Internet
8 26 (1.76%) Wireshark
9 25 (1.69%) WAN
10 19 (1.28%) Kerberos
11 18 (1.22%) DHCP
12 17 (1.15%) HTTPS
12 17 (1.15%) NAS
12 17 (1.15%) VPN
13 16 (1.08%) LAN
14 15 (1.01%) Intrusion Detection
15 10 (0.68%) Intranet
15 10 (0.68%) Skype
16 9 (0.61%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (12.03%) Relational Database
2 144 (9.73%) SQL Server
3 124 (8.38%) Hadoop
4 112 (7.57%) MySQL
5 94 (6.35%) Oracle Database
6 82 (5.54%) Big Data
6 82 (5.54%) PostgreSQL
7 79 (5.34%) Apache Hive
8 66 (4.46%) Data Warehouse
9 56 (3.78%) NoSQL
10 55 (3.72%) Pentaho
11 54 (3.65%) MongoDB
12 51 (3.45%) BusinessObjects
13 42 (2.84%) DB2
14 33 (2.23%) Oracle Database 11g
15 31 (2.09%) Power BI
16 26 (1.76%) HBase
16 26 (1.76%) RDBMS
17 24 (1.62%) Tableau
18 22 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 317 (21.42%) Git (software)
2 250 (16.89%) Jenkins
3 219 (14.80%) JIRA
4 127 (8.58%) Maven
5 92 (6.22%) Subversion
6 75 (5.07%) Bitbucket
7 63 (4.26%) GitLab
8 58 (3.92%) Cucumber
9 54 (3.65%) JUnit
10 53 (3.58%) Selenium
11 35 (2.36%) Gatling
12 34 (2.30%) TeamCity
13 31 (2.09%) Mockito
14 30 (2.03%) CA Gen
15 26 (1.76%) Artifactory
15 26 (1.76%) Postman
16 24 (1.62%) Sonatype Nexus
17 23 (1.55%) IntelliJ
18 20 (1.35%) SoapUI
19 19 (1.28%) jMock
General
1 402 (27.16%) Social Skills
2 337 (22.77%) Finance
3 216 (14.59%) Banking
4 141 (9.53%) Analytical Skills
5 129 (8.72%) Front Office
6 126 (8.51%) Public Sector
7 115 (7.77%) Investment Banking
8 59 (3.99%) Telecoms
9 32 (2.16%) Back Office
10 26 (1.76%) Marketing
11 22 (1.49%) Presentation Skills
12 21 (1.42%) Documentation Skills
12 21 (1.42%) Retail
13 20 (1.35%) Manufacturing
14 19 (1.28%) Financial Institution
15 17 (1.15%) Electronics
16 15 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
17 12 (0.81%) Influencing Skills
18 11 (0.74%) Local Government
19 8 (0.54%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 519 (35.07%) Developer
2 237 (16.01%) Java Developer
3 117 (7.91%) Analyst
4 75 (5.07%) Senior Developer
5 70 (4.73%) Data Engineer
6 66 (4.46%) DevOps Engineer
7 65 (4.39%) Administrator
8 60 (4.05%) Software Engineer
9 59 (3.99%) Consultant
10 57 (3.85%) Integration Developer
11 47 (3.18%) Applications Support
12 45 (3.04%) Architect
13 40 (2.70%) DBA
14 39 (2.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 36 (2.43%) Linux Engineer
16 35 (2.36%) C++ Developer
16 35 (2.36%) Tester
17 34 (2.30%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 34 (2.30%) Senior Java Developer
18 33 (2.23%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 227 (15.34%) Spring
2 146 (9.86%) J2EE
3 134 (9.05%) REST
4 133 (8.99%) Middleware
5 114 (7.70%) XML
6 108 (7.30%) HTML
7 106 (7.16%) JSON
8 98 (6.62%) Web Services
9 90 (6.08%) Apache Camel
10 87 (5.88%) CSS
11 80 (5.41%) Spring Boot
12 71 (4.80%) Hibernate
13 69 (4.66%) React
14 68 (4.59%) RESTful
15 64 (4.32%) Kafka
16 62 (4.19%) JTA
17 60 (4.05%) JTS
18 57 (3.85%) AngularJS
19 49 (3.31%) SOAP
20 47 (3.18%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 56 (3.78%) Data Structures
2 55 (3.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 53 (3.58%) Data Centre
3 53 (3.58%) Management Information System
4 50 (3.38%) Equities
5 44 (2.97%) Clustering
5 44 (2.97%) Fixed Income
6 41 (2.77%) Linux Command Line
7 39 (2.64%) Algorithms
8 32 (2.16%) Data Protection Act
8 32 (2.16%) SWIFT
9 28 (1.89%) Derivative
10 25 (1.69%) Public Cloud
11 24 (1.62%) User Experience
12 21 (1.42%) PKI
13 18 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
14 15 (1.01%) Client/Server
14 15 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
15 14 (0.95%) Cloud Native
15 14 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 798 (53.92%) Linux
2 347 (23.45%) Windows
3 95 (6.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 65 (4.39%) AIX
5 45 (3.04%) Solaris
6 42 (2.84%) Windows Server
7 31 (2.09%) Mac OS X
8 16 (1.08%) Windows 10
9 14 (0.95%) Mac OS
10 13 (0.88%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (0.81%) Android
11 12 (0.81%) CentOS
12 9 (0.61%) Apple iOS
12 9 (0.61%) Oracle Linux
12 9 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
13 8 (0.54%) zOS
14 7 (0.47%) Windows 7
14 7 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.34%) VMS
15 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 492 (33.24%) Agile Software Development
2 228 (15.41%) DevOps
3 203 (13.72%) Software Engineering
4 202 (13.65%) Test Automation
5 191 (12.91%) Problem-Solving
6 187 (12.64%) Scrum
7 172 (11.62%) Configuration Management
8 152 (10.27%) Microservices
9 141 (9.53%) TDD
10 131 (8.85%) OO
11 126 (8.51%) Business Intelligence
11 126 (8.51%) Continuous Integration
12 120 (8.11%) Analytics
12 120 (8.11%) Process Improvement
13 115 (7.77%) Data Modelling
14 102 (6.89%) Test Strategy
15 97 (6.55%) Problem Management
16 96 (6.49%) ETL
17 87 (5.88%) BDD
18 86 (5.81%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 611 (41.28%) Java
2 589 (39.80%) SQL
3 383 (25.88%) Python
4 259 (17.50%) Shell Script
5 177 (11.96%) PL/SQL
6 156 (10.54%) JavaScript
7 150 (10.14%) Perl
8 108 (7.30%) Bash Shell
9 91 (6.15%) Java 8
10 85 (5.74%) PowerShell
11 81 (5.47%) C++
12 71 (4.80%) Scala
13 62 (4.19%) C
14 40 (2.70%) Ruby
15 38 (2.57%) C#
16 28 (1.89%) PHP
17 25 (1.69%) COBOL
17 25 (1.69%) HiveQL
17 25 (1.69%) Java 11
18 24 (1.62%) R
Qualifications
1 150 (10.14%) Security Cleared
2 128 (8.65%) SC Cleared
3 85 (5.74%) Degree
4 36 (2.43%) ISEB
5 35 (2.36%) ISTQB
5 35 (2.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 25 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (1.01%) CISSP
7 15 (1.01%) DV Cleared
8 14 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (0.88%) CCNP
10 12 (0.81%) CCNA
11 10 (0.68%) GIAC
11 10 (0.68%) RHCE
11 10 (0.68%) SAS Certification
12 8 (0.54%) AWS Certification
12 8 (0.54%) CISM
12 8 (0.54%) Master's Degree
13 7 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (0.47%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (6.15%) QA
2 28 (1.89%) SLA
3 19 (1.28%) Accessibility
4 17 (1.15%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.74%) GDPR
6 10 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.41%) COBIT
8 5 (0.34%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.27%) MiFID
9 4 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.20%) PMO
10 3 (0.20%) SEPA
11 2 (0.14%) GRC
11 2 (0.14%) ISO 15022
11 2 (0.14%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.14%) NIST
12 1 (0.068%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.068%) GLBA
12 1 (0.068%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 184 (12.43%) Docker
2 66 (4.46%) Active Directory
3 65 (4.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 48 (3.24%) HDFS
5 21 (1.42%) Oracle RAC
6 19 (1.28%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (0.95%) vSphere
8 13 (0.88%) NFS
9 12 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.74%) Hyper-V
10 11 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
11 10 (0.68%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 9 (0.61%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 8 (0.54%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 5 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
15 4 (0.27%) BitLocker
15 4 (0.27%) GlusterFS
15 4 (0.27%) KVM
15 4 (0.27%) Oracle Clusterware
15 4 (0.27%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 219 (14.80%) Ansible
2 166 (11.22%) Kubernetes
3 84 (5.68%) Terraform
4 81 (5.47%) Puppet
5 47 (3.18%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (2.09%) Prometheus
7 28 (1.89%) Grafana
8 25 (1.69%) Oracle RMAN
9 21 (1.42%) ITRS Geneos
10 20 (1.35%) Control-M
10 20 (1.35%) SCCM
10 20 (1.35%) Single Sign-On
11 17 (1.15%) Kibana
12 16 (1.08%) Oozie
13 15 (1.01%) Packer
14 14 (0.95%) Tivoli
15 12 (0.81%) Data Guard
16 10 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
16 10 (0.68%) Red Hat Satellite
17 9 (0.61%) logstash
Vendors
1 494 (33.38%) Oracle
2 126 (8.51%) Microsoft
3 112 (7.57%) Red Hat
4 100 (6.76%) Informatica
4 100 (6.76%) VMware
5 83 (5.61%) IBM
6 76 (5.14%) webMethods
7 67 (4.53%) BEA
8 64 (4.32%) Google
9 55 (3.72%) Splunk
10 52 (3.51%) SAP
11 51 (3.45%) Talend
12 46 (3.11%) Sybase
13 45 (3.04%) Citrix
14 43 (2.91%) Cisco
15 37 (2.50%) Cloudera
16 35 (2.36%) ServiceNow
17 28 (1.89%) Atlassian
17 28 (1.89%) Murex
17 28 (1.89%) Pega