Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 74 57 44
Rank change year-on-year -17 -13 -11
Contract jobs citing Unix 2,559 3,690 4,019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.08% 4.03% 4.76%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.53% 19.25% 23.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,556 2,365 2,570
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +10.47%
10th Percentile £336 £325 £318
90th Percentile £650 £643 £638
UK median daily rate £493 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +1.03% +8.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 46 53
England median hourly rate £35.00 £31.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.90% -22.50% +42.86%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.19 £16.95
90th Percentile £54.50 £59.38 £47.40
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £31.00 £39.50
% change year-on-year +12.90% -21.52% +47.66%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 16,473 19,169 17,336
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.84% 20.94% 20.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,511 12,119 10,954
England median daily rate £450 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £160 £185 £203
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £437 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.71% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 991 1,302 1,031
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +0.95%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.47 £16.50
% change year-on-year +0.20% +5.85% -2.94%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -34 1,160 £538 +2.38% 69
South East -26 430 £450 -5.26% 31
North of England +9 378 £475 +18.75% 18
East of England +36 219 £450 -1.64% 27
Midlands -13 215 £400 -3.61% 22
Yorkshire +34 196 £500 +21.21% 7
West Midlands -2 170 £400 -6.98% 8
North West 0 144 £452 +6.86% 8
South West -21 144 £475 +9.20% 14
East Midlands -38 45 £425 +6.25% 14
North East -21 37 £360 -10.00% 3
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,598 (62.45%) Linux
2 979 (38.26%) Java
3 909 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
4 901 (35.21%) SQL
5 746 (29.15%) Oracle
6 594 (23.21%) Windows
7 589 (23.02%) Python
8 545 (21.30%) Amazon AWS
9 540 (21.10%) Git (software)
10 531 (20.75%) DevOps
11 459 (17.94%) Jenkins
12 433 (16.92%) Finance
13 411 (16.06%) TDD
13 411 (16.06%) Test Automation
14 403 (15.75%) Shell Script
15 396 (15.47%) Docker
16 368 (14.38%) Security Cleared
17 335 (13.09%) JIRA
18 309 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
19 300 (11.72%) Ansible
20 288 (11.25%) Spring
21 287 (11.22%) Problem-Solving
22 284 (11.10%) Microservices
23 280 (10.94%) Microsoft Azure
24 279 (10.90%) JavaScript
24 279 (10.90%) Perl
25 264 (10.32%) Banking
26 258 (10.08%) HTML
27 254 (9.93%) SC Cleared
28 252 (9.85%) BDD

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 196 (7.66%) Confluence
2 173 (6.76%) Apache
3 135 (5.28%) WebLogic
4 120 (4.69%) Apache Spark
5 89 (3.48%) Tomcat
6 85 (3.32%) JBoss
7 75 (2.93%) SAS
8 66 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
9 64 (2.50%) WebSphere
10 54 (2.11%) nginx
11 38 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 36 (1.41%) SharePoint
13 32 (1.25%) OpenStack
14 26 (1.02%) IIS
15 19 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
15 19 (0.74%) MS Exchange
16 18 (0.70%) WebSphere Application Server
17 16 (0.63%) WildFly
18 15 (0.59%) Mule
19 14 (0.55%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 49 (1.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (1.29%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.43%) SPSS
4 11 (0.43%) Stata
5 9 (0.35%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.12%) CATIA
9 2 (0.078%) Siemens NX
10 1 (0.039%) FileZilla
10 1 (0.039%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 29 (1.13%) Oracle EBS R12
2 28 (1.09%) Oracle EBS
3 20 (0.78%) Oracle Applications
4 17 (0.66%) BusinessWorks
5 12 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 11 (0.43%) Oracle Payables
7 10 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
8 9 (0.35%) Oracle Receivables
9 8 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
10 6 (0.23%) assyst
10 6 (0.23%) Magento
11 5 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
11 5 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
12 4 (0.16%) CSG Singleview
12 4 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
12 4 (0.16%) SAP FI-CA
12 4 (0.16%) SAP PSCD
12 4 (0.16%) VisionPLUS
13 3 (0.12%) Oracle E-Business Tax
Cloud Services
1 545 (21.30%) Amazon AWS
2 280 (10.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 115 (4.49%) GitHub
4 92 (3.60%) Amazon S3
5 83 (3.24%) Amazon EC2
6 82 (3.20%) Google Cloud Platform
7 71 (2.77%) PaaS
8 63 (2.46%) IaaS
9 61 (2.38%) Serverless
10 59 (2.31%) AWS Lambda
11 50 (1.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 48 (1.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 47 (1.84%) Amazon ECS
14 40 (1.56%) SaaS
15 36 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
16 35 (1.37%) OpenShift
17 33 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
18 26 (1.02%) Power Platform
18 26 (1.02%) Route 53
19 25 (0.98%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 156 (6.10%) Firewall
2 139 (5.43%) TCP/IP
3 134 (5.24%) HTTP
4 112 (4.38%) DNS
5 101 (3.95%) LAN
6 100 (3.91%) SAN
7 95 (3.71%) WAN
8 73 (2.85%) VPN
9 66 (2.58%) Internet
9 66 (2.58%) SSL
10 36 (1.41%) DHCP
11 29 (1.13%) SMTP
12 27 (1.06%) VoIP
13 26 (1.02%) Intrusion Detection
13 26 (1.02%) NAS
14 23 (0.90%) Network Security
15 22 (0.86%) IPsec
15 22 (0.86%) OSPF
15 22 (0.86%) SSH
16 21 (0.82%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 247 (9.65%) Oracle Database
2 223 (8.71%) Relational Database
3 205 (8.01%) MongoDB
4 204 (7.97%) MySQL
5 179 (6.99%) Hadoop
6 159 (6.21%) Big Data
7 149 (5.82%) SQL Server
8 130 (5.08%) PostgreSQL
9 116 (4.53%) Data Warehouse
10 107 (4.18%) NoSQL
11 102 (3.99%) Apache Hive
12 92 (3.60%) RDBMS
13 91 (3.56%) HBase
14 68 (2.66%) DB2
15 65 (2.54%) Oracle Database 11g
16 63 (2.46%) Amazon RDS
17 62 (2.42%) Oracle Database 12c
18 54 (2.11%) Oracle Exadata
19 51 (1.99%) BusinessObjects
20 34 (1.33%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 540 (21.10%) Git (software)
2 459 (17.94%) Jenkins
3 335 (13.09%) JIRA
4 162 (6.33%) Maven
5 157 (6.14%) Cucumber
6 156 (6.10%) JUnit
7 122 (4.77%) Selenium
8 121 (4.73%) Mockito
9 113 (4.42%) Subversion
10 82 (3.20%) SoapUI
11 71 (2.77%) Bitbucket
12 49 (1.91%) Oracle Forms
13 45 (1.76%) Ant
13 45 (1.76%) Eclipse
14 40 (1.56%) TeamCity
15 39 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 36 (1.41%) Sonatype Nexus
17 34 (1.33%) Gatling
17 34 (1.33%) Gradle
17 34 (1.33%) gulp
General
1 433 (16.92%) Finance
2 264 (10.32%) Banking
3 93 (3.63%) Investment Banking
4 82 (3.20%) Front Office
5 73 (2.85%) Telecoms
6 51 (1.99%) Retail
7 41 (1.60%) Legal
8 35 (1.37%) Games
9 20 (0.78%) Financial Institution
10 18 (0.70%) Back Office
11 17 (0.66%) Manufacturing
12 13 (0.51%) Electronics
13 12 (0.47%) Law
13 12 (0.47%) Marketing
14 11 (0.43%) Publishing
14 11 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.23%) Aerospace
15 6 (0.23%) French Language
15 6 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.20%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 846 (33.06%) Developer
2 375 (14.65%) Java Developer
3 231 (9.03%) Analyst
4 195 (7.62%) DevOps Engineer
5 180 (7.03%) Administrator
6 177 (6.92%) Architect
7 132 (5.16%) Senior Developer
8 106 (4.14%) Consultant
9 95 (3.71%) Systems Administrator
10 87 (3.40%) DBA
11 86 (3.36%) Unix Engineer
12 83 (3.24%) AWS Engineer
13 73 (2.85%) Linux Engineer
14 69 (2.70%) Unix Administrator
15 68 (2.66%) Tester
16 67 (2.62%) AWS DevOps
17 63 (2.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 63 (2.46%) Data Engineer
17 63 (2.46%) Test Analyst
18 60 (2.34%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 288 (11.25%) Spring
2 258 (10.08%) HTML
3 194 (7.58%) CSS
4 183 (7.15%) XML
5 181 (7.07%) Web Services
6 175 (6.84%) REST
7 172 (6.72%) Middleware
8 166 (6.49%) Node.js
9 149 (5.82%) J2EE
9 149 (5.82%) SOAP
10 125 (4.88%) RESTful
11 119 (4.65%) JSON
12 107 (4.18%) Spring Boot
13 105 (4.10%) Kafka
14 97 (3.79%) AngularJS
15 93 (3.63%) JAX-RS
16 83 (3.24%) LDAP
17 82 (3.20%) React
18 81 (3.17%) HTML5
19 77 (3.01%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 192 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
2 140 (5.47%) Linux Command Line
3 111 (4.34%) Management Information System
4 88 (3.44%) Data Centre
5 64 (2.50%) Mainframe
6 63 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
7 58 (2.27%) Clustering
8 47 (1.84%) Equities
9 45 (1.76%) PKI
10 44 (1.72%) User Experience
11 42 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 41 (1.60%) Algorithms
13 38 (1.48%) Replication
14 36 (1.41%) Public Cloud
15 34 (1.33%) Data Structures
16 33 (1.29%) Client/Server
17 29 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
18 27 (1.06%) Derivative
18 27 (1.06%) Virtual Team
19 25 (0.98%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 1,598 (62.45%) Linux
2 594 (23.21%) Windows
3 198 (7.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 187 (7.31%) Solaris
5 175 (6.84%) Mac OS X
6 115 (4.49%) CentOS
7 114 (4.45%) AIX
8 111 (4.34%) Windows Server
9 33 (1.29%) Ubuntu
10 32 (1.25%) Oracle Linux
11 31 (1.21%) HPUX
12 27 (1.06%) Windows Server 2012
13 23 (0.90%) Apple iOS
14 21 (0.82%) Debian
15 20 (0.78%) Mac OS
16 15 (0.59%) Android
17 14 (0.55%) SUSE
17 14 (0.55%) Windows Server 2003
18 13 (0.51%) VMS
19 11 (0.43%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 909 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
2 531 (20.75%) DevOps
3 411 (16.06%) TDD
3 411 (16.06%) Test Automation
4 309 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
5 287 (11.22%) Problem-Solving
6 284 (11.10%) Microservices
7 252 (9.85%) BDD
8 243 (9.50%) Scrum
9 203 (7.93%) Configuration Management
10 188 (7.35%) ETL
11 187 (7.31%) ITIL
12 183 (7.15%) Web Development
13 175 (6.84%) Continuous Deployment
14 172 (6.72%) Migration
15 164 (6.41%) Open Source
16 144 (5.63%) Test Scripting
17 138 (5.39%) Pair Programming
18 136 (5.31%) Continuous Delivery
19 130 (5.08%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 979 (38.26%) Java
2 901 (35.21%) SQL
3 589 (23.02%) Python
4 403 (15.75%) Shell Script
5 279 (10.90%) JavaScript
5 279 (10.90%) Perl
6 214 (8.36%) Bash Shell
7 209 (8.17%) PL/SQL
8 177 (6.92%) Java 8
9 149 (5.82%) Ruby
10 127 (4.96%) C++
11 126 (4.92%) C
12 97 (3.79%) Scala
13 90 (3.52%) PHP
14 85 (3.32%) PowerShell
15 57 (2.23%) Korn
16 54 (2.11%) C#
17 43 (1.68%) Go
18 35 (1.37%) Groovy
19 29 (1.13%) R
Qualifications
1 368 (14.38%) Security Cleared
2 254 (9.93%) SC Cleared
3 171 (6.68%) Degree
4 92 (3.60%) DV Cleared
5 65 (2.54%) ISTQB
6 54 (2.11%) BPSS Clearance
6 54 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
7 51 (1.99%) ISEB
8 46 (1.80%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 40 (1.56%) CISSP
10 38 (1.48%) Cisco Certification
11 34 (1.33%) ITIL Certification
12 31 (1.21%) AWS Certification
13 26 (1.02%) CCNA
13 26 (1.02%) Master's Degree
14 24 (0.94%) CCNP
15 20 (0.78%) CCIE
16 19 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
17 17 (0.66%) Sun Certification
18 16 (0.63%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 111 (4.34%) QA
2 26 (1.02%) SLA
3 17 (0.66%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 16 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
4 16 (0.63%) GDPR
4 16 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 14 (0.55%) WCAG
6 13 (0.51%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.31%) MiFID
8 4 (0.16%) COREP
8 4 (0.16%) FINREP
8 4 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 4 (0.16%) ITGC
8 4 (0.16%) NIST
8 4 (0.16%) RMADS
9 3 (0.12%) JSP 440
10 2 (0.078%) COBIT
10 2 (0.078%) CRD IV
10 2 (0.078%) SEPA
System Software
1 396 (15.47%) Docker
2 116 (4.53%) Active Directory
3 99 (3.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 73 (2.85%) Oracle RAC
5 63 (2.46%) HDFS
6 26 (1.02%) vSphere
7 25 (0.98%) VMware ESXi
8 23 (0.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 21 (0.82%) KVM
10 18 (0.70%) Apache Flume
11 17 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
11 17 (0.66%) XenApp
12 15 (0.59%) Shibboleth
12 15 (0.59%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 15 (0.59%) Virtual Servers
13 14 (0.55%) Hyper-V
13 14 (0.55%) vCloud
14 12 (0.47%) Microsoft App-V
15 11 (0.43%) NFS
16 10 (0.39%) RACF
Systems Management
1 300 (11.72%) Ansible
2 230 (8.99%) Kubernetes
3 207 (8.09%) Puppet
4 153 (5.98%) Terraform
5 140 (5.47%) Opscode Chef
6 58 (2.27%) Hadoop YARN
7 44 (1.72%) NetBackup
8 37 (1.45%) Data Guard
9 35 (1.37%) Oracle RMAN
10 34 (1.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 33 (1.29%) Kibana
12 29 (1.13%) Grafana
12 29 (1.13%) Nagios
13 27 (1.06%) SCCM
14 26 (1.02%) Single Sign-On
15 24 (0.94%) Control-M
15 24 (0.94%) QRadar
16 19 (0.74%) vCenter Server
17 17 (0.66%) Packer
17 17 (0.66%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 746 (29.15%) Oracle
2 247 (9.65%) Red Hat
3 222 (8.68%) Microsoft
4 181 (7.07%) VMware
5 151 (5.90%) IBM
6 101 (3.95%) Google
7 89 (3.48%) Informatica
8 83 (3.24%) Splunk
9 82 (3.20%) Cisco
10 72 (2.81%) Atlassian
11 69 (2.70%) HP
12 62 (2.42%) webMethods
13 59 (2.31%) EMC
14 55 (2.15%) Veritas
15 50 (1.95%) NetApp
16 44 (1.72%) Citrix
17 43 (1.68%) SAP
18 40 (1.56%) Sybase
19 39 (1.52%) Sun
20 36 (1.41%) BEA