Period
to 26 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 26 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 97 65 48
Rank change year-on-year -32 -17 -9
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,577 3,386 4,055
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.44% 3.74% 4.38%
As % of the Operating Systems category 11.83% 17.92% 20.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 939 2,166 2,612
England median daily rate £463 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.50% - +13.64%
10th Percentile £313 £329 £320
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £455 £475 £490
% change year-on-year -4.21% -3.06% +12.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 47 70
England median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +9.38% -11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £15.30 £14.13
90th Percentile £50.00 £49.25 £48.33
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £31.58
% change year-on-year +14.29% +10.85% -12.29%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,325 18,895 19,374
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.65% 20.88% 20.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,309 11,858 12,507
England median daily rate £413 £428 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.51% +0.59% +3.03%
10th Percentile £144 £160 £170
90th Percentile £606 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -3.53% - +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,042 1,208 1,171
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.01% -0.01% +6.06%
10th Percentile £11.26 £11.17 £11.04
90th Percentile £49.95 £47.50 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.29 £17.43
% change year-on-year +1.21% -0.80% +5.64%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 26 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -41 674 £525 - 154
North of England +10 298 £450 +2.86% 88
South East -38 250 £425 -2.86% 103
Midlands -4 172 £425 +6.25% 60
North West +21 154 £450 +3.93% 44
West Midlands +4 138 £415 +3.75% 34
Yorkshire +1 121 £450 +2.86% 34
South West -41 99 £425 -10.53% 52
East of England -32 83 £396 -14.32% 40
East Midlands -8 30 £450 +12.50% 26
North East +17 29 £425 -10.53% 10
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 26 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 892 (56.56%) Linux
2 562 (35.64%) SQL
3 554 (35.13%) Oracle
4 528 (33.48%) Java
5 451 (28.60%) Windows
6 448 (28.41%) Agile Software Development
7 379 (24.03%) Python
8 288 (18.26%) DevOps
9 279 (17.69%) Git (software)
10 272 (17.25%) Finance
11 253 (16.04%) Shell Script
12 246 (15.60%) Test Automation
13 223 (14.14%) Docker
14 217 (13.76%) JavaScript
15 207 (13.13%) AWS
16 202 (12.81%) Jenkins
17 197 (12.49%) Azure
18 196 (12.43%) Microsoft
19 191 (12.11%) Security Cleared
20 189 (11.98%) Continuous Integration
21 184 (11.67%) XML
21 184 (11.67%) JIRA
22 174 (11.03%) Perl
23 173 (10.97%) TDD
24 166 (10.53%) PL/SQL
25 158 (10.02%) SC Cleared
26 157 (9.96%) SQL Server
27 155 (9.83%) Analytical Skills
28 150 (9.51%) Bash Shell
29 148 (9.38%) Ansible

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (7.36%) Confluence
2 113 (7.17%) WebLogic
3 85 (5.39%) Apache
4 59 (3.74%) Tomcat
5 39 (2.47%) Apache Spark
6 37 (2.35%) JBoss
7 30 (1.90%) WebSphere
8 27 (1.71%) IIS
9 25 (1.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 22 (1.40%) nginx
10 22 (1.40%) SAS
11 20 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
12 16 (1.01%) MS Exchange
13 15 (0.95%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.89%) OpenStack
14 14 (0.89%) Oracle Service Bus
14 14 (0.89%) Oracle Workflow
15 12 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.63%) WebSphere Application Server
17 8 (0.51%) Anypoint
Applications
1 38 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (2.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.95%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 24 (1.52%) BusinessWorks
2 13 (0.82%) Oracle EBS
3 11 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.63%) assyst
4 10 (0.63%) Finacle
5 8 (0.51%) Oracle Receivables
5 8 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 7 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
6 7 (0.44%) Remedy ITSM
7 6 (0.38%) Oracle Cash Management
8 4 (0.25%) SAP FI-CA
8 4 (0.25%) SAP MM
8 4 (0.25%) SAP PSCD
9 3 (0.19%) CSG Singleview
9 3 (0.19%) Dynamics GP
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle 11i
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 3 (0.19%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 207 (13.13%) AWS
2 197 (12.49%) Azure
3 119 (7.55%) GitHub
4 44 (2.79%) GCP
5 38 (2.41%) Office 365
6 35 (2.22%) PaaS
7 30 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
8 29 (1.84%) Amazon S3
8 29 (1.84%) Azure Active Directory
9 28 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
9 28 (1.78%) Serverless
10 23 (1.46%) SaaS
11 20 (1.27%) OpenShift
12 19 (1.20%) IaaS
13 18 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
14 17 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 14 (0.89%) Route 53
16 12 (0.76%) npm
17 11 (0.70%) Amazon Glacier
17 11 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 96 (6.09%) HTTP
2 77 (4.88%) Firewall
3 71 (4.50%) TCP/IP
4 53 (3.36%) DNS
5 43 (2.73%) SAN
6 30 (1.90%) SSL
7 29 (1.84%) HTTPS
8 23 (1.46%) WAN
9 22 (1.40%) Internet
9 22 (1.40%) Network Security
10 21 (1.33%) DHCP
11 19 (1.20%) VPN
12 17 (1.08%) BGP
12 17 (1.08%) FTP
12 17 (1.08%) IPsec
13 16 (1.01%) LAN
13 16 (1.01%) OSPF
14 15 (0.95%) Cisco IOS
14 15 (0.95%) Intrusion Detection
15 14 (0.89%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (9.96%) SQL Server
2 143 (9.07%) Oracle Database
3 114 (7.23%) Relational Database
4 107 (6.79%) MongoDB
5 86 (5.45%) Hadoop
5 86 (5.45%) MySQL
6 79 (5.01%) NoSQL
7 65 (4.12%) Big Data
8 57 (3.61%) RDBMS
9 56 (3.55%) Oracle Database 11g
10 54 (3.42%) Oracle Database 12c
11 48 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
12 37 (2.35%) Data Warehouse
13 28 (1.78%) Apache Hive
14 27 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
15 23 (1.46%) HBase
15 23 (1.46%) Oracle Reports
16 20 (1.27%) DB2
16 20 (1.27%) Pentaho
17 18 (1.14%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 279 (17.69%) Git (software)
2 202 (12.81%) Jenkins
3 184 (11.67%) JIRA
4 80 (5.07%) JUnit
5 79 (5.01%) Cucumber
6 77 (4.88%) Selenium
7 61 (3.87%) Maven
8 44 (2.79%) Bitbucket
9 35 (2.22%) Gatling
10 34 (2.16%) Subversion
11 33 (2.09%) GitLab
11 33 (2.09%) Mockito
12 30 (1.90%) TeamCity
13 29 (1.84%) Ant
14 26 (1.65%) Eclipse
15 25 (1.59%) Spock
16 24 (1.52%) Artifactory
17 23 (1.46%) IntelliJ
18 22 (1.40%) Oracle Forms
19 21 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 272 (17.25%) Finance
2 139 (8.81%) Banking
3 93 (5.90%) Public Sector
4 37 (2.35%) Investment Banking
5 36 (2.28%) Front Office
6 34 (2.16%) Telecoms
7 29 (1.84%) Retail
8 20 (1.27%) Financial Institution
9 19 (1.20%) Legal
10 13 (0.82%) Games
11 11 (0.70%) Marketing
12 10 (0.63%) Manufacturing
13 9 (0.57%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.44%) Billing
15 6 (0.38%) Electronics
15 6 (0.38%) Law
16 4 (0.25%) Automotive
16 4 (0.25%) Military
17 3 (0.19%) International Banking
17 3 (0.19%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 470 (29.80%) Developer
2 188 (11.92%) Analyst
3 132 (8.37%) Java Developer
4 119 (7.55%) Administrator
5 96 (6.09%) Architect
6 82 (5.20%) DevOps Engineer
7 69 (4.38%) Senior Developer
8 62 (3.93%) DBA
8 62 (3.93%) Support Analyst
9 58 (3.68%) Consultant
10 57 (3.61%) Software Engineer
11 49 (3.11%) Test Analyst
12 48 (3.04%) Support Engineer
13 47 (2.98%) Unix Engineer
14 45 (2.85%) Oracle DBA
15 43 (2.73%) Oracle Developer
16 39 (2.47%) Applications Support
17 36 (2.28%) Linux Engineer
18 34 (2.16%) C++ Developer
18 34 (2.16%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 184 (11.67%) XML
2 135 (8.56%) HTML
2 135 (8.56%) Spring
3 112 (7.10%) Web Services
4 104 (6.59%) Node.js
5 103 (6.53%) REST
6 100 (6.34%) CSS
7 87 (5.52%) J2EE
8 80 (5.07%) SOAP
9 79 (5.01%) JSON
10 77 (4.88%) AngularJS
11 76 (4.82%) Middleware
11 76 (4.82%) RESTful
12 62 (3.93%) Spring Boot
13 54 (3.42%) React
14 52 (3.30%) .NET
15 48 (3.04%) LDAP
16 44 (2.79%) Kafka
17 38 (2.41%) Hibernate
18 32 (2.03%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 155 (9.83%) Analytical Skills
2 60 (3.80%) Linux Command Line
3 48 (3.04%) Data Centre
4 43 (2.73%) Management Information System
5 35 (2.22%) PKI
6 27 (1.71%) Clustering
6 27 (1.71%) Mainframe
7 26 (1.65%) Algorithms
8 24 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
9 23 (1.46%) Blog
10 20 (1.27%) User Experience
11 18 (1.14%) Derivative
12 16 (1.01%) Public Cloud
13 15 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 14 (0.89%) Equities
14 14 (0.89%) Replication
15 12 (0.76%) Cloud Native
15 12 (0.76%) Data Structures
16 11 (0.70%) Client/Server
16 11 (0.70%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 892 (56.56%) Linux
2 451 (28.60%) Windows
3 110 (6.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 110 (6.98%) Solaris
4 83 (5.26%) Windows Server
5 52 (3.30%) Mac OS
6 50 (3.17%) Mac OS X
7 46 (2.92%) AIX
8 34 (2.16%) Ubuntu
9 32 (2.03%) CentOS
10 24 (1.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 19 (1.20%) FreeRTOS
11 19 (1.20%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 19 (1.20%) ThreadX
12 17 (1.08%) Windows Server 2003
13 15 (0.95%) SUSE
13 15 (0.95%) Windows Server 2012
14 14 (0.89%) Debian
14 14 (0.89%) Windows 10
14 14 (0.89%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 448 (28.41%) Agile Software Development
2 288 (18.26%) DevOps
3 246 (15.60%) Test Automation
4 189 (11.98%) Continuous Integration
5 173 (10.97%) TDD
6 141 (8.94%) Configuration Management
7 134 (8.50%) ITIL
8 131 (8.31%) Microservices
9 124 (7.86%) Problem-Solving
10 120 (7.61%) Migration
10 120 (7.61%) Open Source
11 114 (7.23%) Software Engineering
12 105 (6.66%) Scrum
13 88 (5.58%) Continuous Deployment
14 83 (5.26%) OO
15 82 (5.20%) Performance Tuning
16 80 (5.07%) SDLC
17 79 (5.01%) Data Modelling
17 79 (5.01%) Stakeholder Management
18 75 (4.76%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 562 (35.64%) SQL
2 528 (33.48%) Java
3 379 (24.03%) Python
4 253 (16.04%) Shell Script
5 217 (13.76%) JavaScript
6 174 (11.03%) Perl
7 166 (10.53%) PL/SQL
8 150 (9.51%) Bash Shell
9 95 (6.02%) C
9 95 (6.02%) Ruby
10 90 (5.71%) C++
11 87 (5.52%) PowerShell
12 66 (4.19%) Java 8
13 64 (4.06%) C#
14 52 (3.30%) Scala
15 32 (2.03%) Go
16 29 (1.84%) PHP
17 25 (1.59%) ES6
18 22 (1.40%) Embedded C
18 22 (1.40%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 191 (12.11%) Security Cleared
2 158 (10.02%) SC Cleared
3 90 (5.71%) Degree
4 55 (3.49%) ISEB
5 49 (3.11%) ISTQB
6 45 (2.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 30 (1.90%) BPSS Clearance
8 27 (1.71%) DV Cleared
9 20 (1.27%) Cisco Certification
9 20 (1.27%) CISSP
10 19 (1.20%) AWS Certification
11 18 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
12 16 (1.01%) CCNP
13 12 (0.76%) CISM
14 11 (0.70%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (0.63%) Dell Certification
15 10 (0.63%) ISEB Practitioner
16 8 (0.51%) CCNA
16 8 (0.51%) DBS Check
17 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (3.74%) QA
2 39 (2.47%) SLA
3 29 (1.84%) PCI DSS
4 18 (1.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 13 (0.82%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials
9 6 (0.38%) COBIT
9 6 (0.38%) GDPR
10 5 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.25%) HL7
12 3 (0.19%) ECSS
12 3 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.19%) NCSC
12 3 (0.19%) NIST
13 2 (0.13%) BS7799
13 2 (0.13%) COREP
13 2 (0.13%) FINREP
13 2 (0.13%) JSP 440
System Software
1 223 (14.14%) Docker
2 117 (7.42%) Active Directory
3 62 (3.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (2.28%) Oracle RAC
5 28 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
6 27 (1.71%) Hyper-V
7 26 (1.65%) HDFS
8 14 (0.89%) vSphere
9 10 (0.63%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 10 (0.63%) VirtualBox
10 9 (0.57%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 9 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
11 8 (0.51%) Firmware
12 7 (0.44%) NFS
12 7 (0.44%) OCFS2
13 6 (0.38%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
14 5 (0.32%) XenApp
14 5 (0.32%) zsh
15 4 (0.25%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 4 (0.25%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 148 (9.38%) Ansible
2 118 (7.48%) Kubernetes
3 99 (6.28%) Puppet
4 84 (5.33%) Terraform
5 63 (3.99%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (2.16%) NetBackup
6 34 (2.16%) SCCM
7 31 (1.97%) Data Guard
7 31 (1.97%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 31 (1.97%) Oracle RMAN
8 24 (1.52%) Kibana
8 24 (1.52%) Tivoli
9 21 (1.33%) Grafana
10 18 (1.14%) Control-M
11 17 (1.08%) Nagios
12 16 (1.01%) Hadoop YARN
12 16 (1.01%) Packer
13 15 (0.95%) Prometheus
14 14 (0.89%) ITRS Geneos
15 12 (0.76%) logstash
Vendors
1 554 (35.13%) Oracle
2 196 (12.43%) Microsoft
3 123 (7.80%) Red Hat
4 113 (7.17%) VMware
5 79 (5.01%) IBM
6 65 (4.12%) Splunk
7 59 (3.74%) Informatica
7 59 (3.74%) webMethods
8 55 (3.49%) SAP
9 49 (3.11%) Google
10 45 (2.85%) Cisco
11 39 (2.47%) TIBCO
12 38 (2.41%) Citrix
13 33 (2.09%) HP
14 30 (1.90%) Atlassian
15 26 (1.65%) EMC
16 24 (1.52%) BEA
16 24 (1.52%) ServiceNow
16 24 (1.52%) Veritas
17 23 (1.46%) Dell