Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 59 47 34
Rank change year-on-year -12 -13 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,770 4,325 5,005
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.01% 4.64% 5.10%
As % of the Operating Systems category 19.02% 22.12% 23.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,402 2,714 3,136
England median daily rate £500 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% -1.79%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £285
90th Percentile £650 £638 £595
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £425
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 78 60
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £31.98
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.18% -13.58%
10th Percentile £15.30 £14.00 £17.33
90th Percentile £50.00 £45.33 £49.80
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £31.98
% change year-on-year +16.67% -6.18% -13.58%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,820 19,550 21,304
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.08% 20.99% 21.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,338 12,531 13,543
England median daily rate £425 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £165 £175 £200
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,355 1,189 1,182
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% -

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -17 1,989 £535 +1.90% 330
South East -19 626 £445 +1.71% 146
North of England -25 409 £419 -1.35% 117
Midlands +7 322 £400 +6.67% 56
West Midlands +15 244 £400 - 34
East of England +11 228 £450 - 45
North West -17 203 £425 - 59
South West -4 191 £445 +11.11% 61
Yorkshire -9 157 £378 -16.11% 45
East Midlands -6 75 £380 +8.49% 22
North East -42 51 £475 +18.75% 13
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,113 (56.05%) Linux
2 1,306 (34.64%) Java
3 1,293 (34.30%) SQL
4 1,198 (31.78%) Agile Software Development
5 1,182 (31.35%) Windows
6 1,116 (29.60%) Oracle
7 900 (23.87%) Python
8 748 (19.84%) Finance
9 717 (19.02%) Git (software)
9 717 (19.02%) DevOps
10 663 (17.59%) Jenkins
11 625 (16.58%) Amazon AWS
12 623 (16.53%) Shell Script
13 550 (14.59%) Ansible
14 549 (14.56%) Test Automation
15 493 (13.08%) Banking
16 480 (12.73%) Relational Database
17 459 (12.18%) SQL Server
18 457 (12.12%) Continuous Integration
19 453 (12.02%) Docker
20 450 (11.94%) Puppet
21 441 (11.70%) JIRA
22 419 (11.11%) Perl
23 378 (10.03%) Scrum
24 375 (9.95%) XML
25 369 (9.79%) Spring
25 369 (9.79%) Security Cleared
25 369 (9.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
26 360 (9.55%) Apache
27 352 (9.34%) Middleware

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 360 (9.55%) Apache
2 293 (7.77%) Confluence
3 271 (7.19%) WebLogic
4 167 (4.43%) JBoss
5 138 (3.66%) Tomcat
6 135 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
7 130 (3.45%) Apache Spark
8 129 (3.42%) WebSphere
9 97 (2.57%) IIS
10 77 (2.04%) WildFly
11 52 (1.38%) SAS
12 51 (1.35%) SharePoint
13 48 (1.27%) nginx
14 42 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
15 41 (1.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 40 (1.06%) MS Exchange
17 36 (0.95%) Mule
18 29 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
19 26 (0.69%) CMS
20 24 (0.64%) CICS
Applications
1 115 (3.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 89 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
3 78 (2.07%) MS Visio
4 35 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 33 (0.88%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.13%) HipChat
8 2 (0.053%) Windchill
9 1 (0.027%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.027%) CATIA
9 1 (0.027%) Mozilla Thunderbird
9 1 (0.027%) Shockwave
9 1 (0.027%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 44 (1.17%) Remedy ITSM
2 26 (0.69%) Oracle EBS
2 26 (0.69%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 21 (0.56%) ION MarketView
4 17 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
5 16 (0.42%) Actimize
6 14 (0.37%) HiPortfolio
6 14 (0.37%) SAP FI-CA
6 14 (0.37%) SAP PSCD
7 11 (0.29%) Magento
7 11 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
8 9 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.24%) Temenos T24
9 8 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
10 7 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
10 7 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
11 6 (0.16%) Remedy AR System
12 5 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 5 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
13 4 (0.11%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 625 (16.58%) Amazon AWS
2 216 (5.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 147 (3.90%) Amazon EC2
4 138 (3.66%) GitHub
5 134 (3.55%) Amazon S3
6 98 (2.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 87 (2.31%) PaaS
8 78 (2.07%) Google Cloud Platform
9 67 (1.78%) AWS CloudFormation
10 65 (1.72%) IaaS
11 51 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 45 (1.19%) Serverless
13 40 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
14 39 (1.03%) OpenShift
15 37 (0.98%) SaaS
16 36 (0.95%) Amazon Glacier
16 36 (0.95%) Office 365
17 29 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
18 21 (0.56%) CloudFront
19 20 (0.53%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 294 (7.80%) Firewall
2 244 (6.47%) TCP/IP
3 208 (5.52%) HTTP
4 174 (4.62%) DNS
5 165 (4.38%) SAN
6 147 (3.90%) SSL
7 108 (2.86%) Internet
8 82 (2.18%) LAN
9 76 (2.02%) WAN
10 75 (1.99%) VPN
11 66 (1.75%) Network Security
12 61 (1.62%) Kerberos
13 53 (1.41%) NAS
14 52 (1.38%) SSH
15 43 (1.14%) DHCP
15 43 (1.14%) SNMP
16 39 (1.03%) BIG-IP
17 35 (0.93%) OSPF
18 31 (0.82%) BGP
18 31 (0.82%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 480 (12.73%) Relational Database
2 459 (12.18%) SQL Server
3 268 (7.11%) Big Data
4 261 (6.92%) Hadoop
5 238 (6.31%) MySQL
6 231 (6.13%) Oracle Database
7 207 (5.49%) PostgreSQL
8 200 (5.31%) RDBMS
9 187 (4.96%) NoSQL
10 164 (4.35%) MongoDB
11 158 (4.19%) Apache Hive
12 119 (3.16%) Data Warehouse
13 99 (2.63%) DB2
14 86 (2.28%) HBase
15 68 (1.80%) Oracle Database 11g
16 67 (1.78%) Oracle Database 12c
17 65 (1.72%) Impala
18 61 (1.62%) Sqoop
19 56 (1.49%) BusinessObjects
20 53 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 717 (19.02%) Git (software)
2 663 (17.59%) Jenkins
3 441 (11.70%) JIRA
4 267 (7.08%) Maven
5 210 (5.57%) JUnit
6 202 (5.36%) Cucumber
7 187 (4.96%) Selenium
8 178 (4.72%) Subversion
9 130 (3.45%) Mockito
10 111 (2.94%) Bitbucket
11 94 (2.49%) Artifactory
12 83 (2.20%) Toad
13 82 (2.18%) SonarQube
14 79 (2.10%) Checkstyle
14 79 (2.10%) Sonatype Nexus
15 77 (2.04%) Vagrant
16 75 (1.99%) Gradle
17 74 (1.96%) Eclipse
18 69 (1.83%) Liquibase
19 68 (1.80%) TeamCity
General
1 748 (19.84%) Finance
2 493 (13.08%) Banking
3 210 (5.57%) Investment Banking
4 199 (5.28%) Front Office
5 121 (3.21%) Retail
6 70 (1.86%) Telecoms
7 53 (1.41%) Financial Institution
8 52 (1.38%) Back Office
9 31 (0.82%) Advertising
10 30 (0.80%) Publishing
11 28 (0.74%) Manufacturing
12 27 (0.72%) Marketing
13 23 (0.61%) Games
14 19 (0.50%) Retail Banking
15 15 (0.40%) Law
16 13 (0.34%) Automotive
16 13 (0.34%) Legal
17 10 (0.27%) General Ledger
18 8 (0.21%) Aerospace
19 7 (0.19%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,092 (28.97%) Developer
2 474 (12.57%) Java Developer
3 435 (11.54%) Analyst
4 308 (8.17%) DevOps Engineer
5 269 (7.14%) Architect
6 264 (7.00%) Administrator
7 156 (4.14%) Systems Administrator
8 135 (3.58%) Support Analyst
9 125 (3.32%) Test Analyst
10 124 (3.29%) Linux Engineer
11 123 (3.26%) Unix Engineer
12 114 (3.02%) Consultant
13 108 (2.86%) DBA
14 107 (2.84%) Senior Developer
15 101 (2.68%) AWS Engineer
16 92 (2.44%) Unix Administrator
17 83 (2.20%) Applications Support
18 80 (2.12%) Unix Systems Administrator
19 78 (2.07%) AWS DevOps
20 76 (2.02%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (9.95%) XML
2 369 (9.79%) Spring
3 352 (9.34%) Middleware
4 344 (9.12%) REST
5 292 (7.75%) Web Services
6 287 (7.61%) HTML
7 260 (6.90%) J2EE
8 216 (5.73%) RESTful
9 204 (5.41%) CSS
10 199 (5.28%) Hibernate
11 176 (4.67%) JSON
12 155 (4.11%) SOAP
13 153 (4.06%) Kafka
14 145 (3.85%) Node.js
15 138 (3.66%) JMS
16 128 (3.40%) Java EE
17 127 (3.37%) AngularJS
18 117 (3.10%) React
19 110 (2.92%) Spring Boot
20 107 (2.84%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 292 (7.75%) Analytical Skills
2 259 (6.87%) Linux Command Line
3 190 (5.04%) Data Centre
4 131 (3.47%) Computer Science
5 124 (3.29%) Mainframe
6 99 (2.63%) Management Information System
7 97 (2.57%) Fixed Income
8 87 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 81 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
10 61 (1.62%) Clustering
11 60 (1.59%) Wiki
12 59 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
13 58 (1.54%) Derivative
14 52 (1.38%) Algorithms
15 50 (1.33%) Virtual Team
16 49 (1.30%) Data Structures
16 49 (1.30%) Equities
17 47 (1.25%) Public Cloud
17 47 (1.25%) Replication
18 42 (1.11%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 2,113 (56.05%) Linux
2 1,182 (31.35%) Windows
3 369 (9.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 311 (8.25%) Solaris
5 210 (5.57%) Windows Server
6 137 (3.63%) AIX
7 106 (2.81%) CentOS
8 75 (1.99%) VMS
9 69 (1.83%) Windows Server 2012
10 65 (1.72%) Ubuntu
11 63 (1.67%) Mac OS X
12 50 (1.33%) Windows Server 2008
13 45 (1.19%) Apple iOS
14 42 (1.11%) zOS
15 39 (1.03%) Windows 7
16 38 (1.01%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 37 (0.98%) Windows XP
18 31 (0.82%) HPUX
19 29 (0.77%) SUSE
20 25 (0.66%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,198 (31.78%) Agile Software Development
2 717 (19.02%) DevOps
3 549 (14.56%) Test Automation
4 457 (12.12%) Continuous Integration
5 378 (10.03%) Scrum
6 349 (9.26%) TDD
7 338 (8.97%) Problem-Solving
8 333 (8.83%) OO
9 313 (8.30%) Configuration Management
10 298 (7.90%) ITIL
11 274 (7.27%) Migration
12 270 (7.16%) Microservices
13 247 (6.55%) BDD
14 226 (5.99%) Open Source
15 218 (5.78%) ETL
16 198 (5.25%) Performance Tuning
17 196 (5.20%) SDLC
18 178 (4.72%) Analytics
19 176 (4.67%) Test Scripting
20 163 (4.32%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,306 (34.64%) Java
2 1,293 (34.30%) SQL
3 900 (23.87%) Python
4 623 (16.53%) Shell Script
5 419 (11.11%) Perl
6 347 (9.20%) JavaScript
7 287 (7.61%) Bash Shell
8 258 (6.84%) PL/SQL
9 202 (5.36%) Java 8
10 167 (4.43%) C++
11 159 (4.22%) PowerShell
11 159 (4.22%) Ruby
12 139 (3.69%) Scala
13 133 (3.53%) C
14 125 (3.32%) Korn
15 111 (2.94%) C#
16 94 (2.49%) PHP
17 86 (2.28%) Groovy
18 70 (1.86%) JPQL
19 45 (1.19%) R
Qualifications
1 369 (9.79%) Security Cleared
2 289 (7.67%) SC Cleared
3 191 (5.07%) Degree
4 123 (3.26%) ISEB
5 117 (3.10%) ISTQB
6 104 (2.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 68 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 65 (1.72%) Cisco Certification
9 42 (1.11%) CCNA
9 42 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
10 40 (1.06%) DV Cleared
11 37 (0.98%) CISSP
12 35 (0.93%) MCSE
13 25 (0.66%) AWS Certification
14 23 (0.61%) CISM
15 22 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
16 21 (0.56%) CCNP
17 20 (0.53%) MCSA
18 19 (0.50%) MCP
19 17 (0.45%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 142 (3.77%) QA
2 74 (1.96%) SLA
3 39 (1.03%) Data Quality
4 32 (0.85%) PCI DSS
5 18 (0.48%) GDPR
5 18 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 10 (0.27%) PMO
8 8 (0.21%) MiFID
9 4 (0.11%) COBIT
9 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 3 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 2 (0.053%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.053%) CDISC
11 2 (0.053%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.053%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.053%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.053%) ISO 22301
11 2 (0.053%) SEPA
System Software
1 453 (12.02%) Docker
2 222 (5.89%) Active Directory
3 206 (5.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 111 (2.94%) HDFS
5 74 (1.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 69 (1.83%) Oracle RAC
7 56 (1.49%) VMware ESXi
8 54 (1.43%) vSphere
9 53 (1.41%) NFS
10 40 (1.06%) Hyper-V
11 39 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
12 35 (0.93%) Virtual Servers
13 31 (0.82%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 26 (0.69%) XenApp
15 19 (0.50%) Firmware
16 17 (0.45%) Time Sharing Option
17 15 (0.40%) KVM
17 15 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
18 14 (0.37%) Apache Flume
19 13 (0.34%) LXC
Systems Management
1 550 (14.59%) Ansible
2 450 (11.94%) Puppet
3 329 (8.73%) Opscode Chef
4 241 (6.39%) Kubernetes
5 224 (5.94%) Terraform
6 122 (3.24%) Hadoop YARN
7 59 (1.56%) Kibana
8 58 (1.54%) NetBackup
9 56 (1.49%) Grafana
10 49 (1.30%) Data Guard
11 48 (1.27%) ITRS Geneos
12 45 (1.19%) BladeLogic
12 45 (1.19%) logstash
13 40 (1.06%) Red Hat Satellite
14 39 (1.03%) Tivoli
15 38 (1.01%) Nagios
15 38 (1.01%) Rancher
16 36 (0.95%) SCCM
17 35 (0.93%) ZABBIX
18 33 (0.88%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1,116 (29.60%) Oracle
2 349 (9.26%) Red Hat
3 331 (8.78%) VMware
4 303 (8.04%) Microsoft
5 248 (6.58%) IBM
6 159 (4.22%) webMethods
7 152 (4.03%) Splunk
8 144 (3.82%) Cisco
9 134 (3.55%) HP
10 120 (3.18%) Google
11 103 (2.73%) Citrix
11 103 (2.73%) Sybase
12 97 (2.57%) NetApp
13 94 (2.49%) SAP
14 86 (2.28%) Cloudera
15 76 (2.02%) Remedy
16 74 (1.96%) F5
17 68 (1.80%) Informatica
18 60 (1.59%) Veritas
19 59 (1.56%) BMC