Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 46 33 30
Rank change year-on-year -13 -3 -1
Contract jobs citing Unix 4366 4941 5407
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.60% 5.04% 5.25%
As % of the Operating Systems category 21.98% 23.44% 24.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 2743 3099 3271
England median daily rate £475 £425 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% -1.16% +1.18%
10th Percentile £313 £285 £295
90th Percentile £638 £600 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - +0.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 80 65 103
England median hourly rate £30.95 £32.66 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.22% -11.74% +23.33%
10th Percentile £14.07 £17.50 £15.65
90th Percentile £46.83 £53.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £30.95 £32.66 £37.00
% change year-on-year -5.22% -11.74% +23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19864 21078 22283
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.93% 21.52% 21.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 12779 13446 13257
England median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £188
90th Percentile £600 £575 £570
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1205 1191 1815
England median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +4.90%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £42.15
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.25 £16.50
% change year-on-year +7.69% -1.52% +4.10%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 2442 £525 +10.53% 255
South East -5 785 £438 +9.38% 74
North of England -18 473 £425 +13.33% 58
Midlands -8 303 £375 -10.71% 34
East of England -11 190 £450 +28.57% 35
North West -20 188 £425 +3.03% 28
Yorkshire -11 177 £450 +5.88% 24
West Midlands -15 166 £400 -6.98% 20
South West -10 161 £410 +9.33% 13
North East -3 126 £400 +25.00% 6
East Midlands -6 125 £363 -9.49% 14
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 2725 (62.41%) Linux
2 1575 (36.07%) Java
3 1434 (32.84%) SQL
4 1232 (28.22%) Oracle
5 1205 (27.60%) Windows
6 1121 (25.68%) Agile Software Development
7 1012 (23.18%) Finance
8 1002 (22.95%) Python
9 817 (18.71%) DevOps
10 691 (15.83%) Git (software)
11 689 (15.78%) Shell Script
12 688 (15.76%) Banking
13 625 (14.32%) Perl
14 580 (13.28%) Jenkins
15 551 (12.62%) Solaris
16 526 (12.05%) Red Hat
17 509 (11.66%) Security Cleared
18 502 (11.50%) Amazon AWS
19 499 (11.43%) Relational Database
20 470 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
21 468 (10.72%) JavaScript
22 448 (10.26%) Puppet
22 448 (10.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 442 (10.12%) Ansible
24 436 (9.99%) Continuous Integration
25 430 (9.85%) Test Automation
26 395 (9.05%) Web Services
27 387 (8.86%) Docker
28 378 (8.66%) JIRA
29 375 (8.59%) XML

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 335 (7.67%) Apache
2 301 (6.89%) Tomcat
3 275 (6.30%) JBoss
4 254 (5.82%) WebLogic
5 200 (4.58%) Confluence
6 143 (3.28%) WebSphere
7 141 (3.23%) Apache Spark
8 117 (2.68%) IIS
9 85 (1.95%) OpenStack
10 83 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
11 72 (1.65%) WildFly
12 70 (1.60%) SAS
13 63 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 60 (1.37%) nginx
15 57 (1.31%) MS Exchange
16 52 (1.19%) Oracle Application Server
17 50 (1.15%) iPlanet
17 50 (1.15%) SharePoint
18 49 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
19 44 (1.01%) MQSeries
Applications
1 67 (1.53%) Microsoft Office
2 66 (1.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 52 (1.19%) MS Visio
4 29 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
5 17 (0.39%) HipChat
5 17 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.23%) Pipeline Pilot
7 7 (0.16%) SPSS
8 4 (0.092%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.069%) InVision
10 2 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.046%) Weka
11 1 (0.023%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.023%) Stata
11 1 (0.023%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 37 (0.85%) Oracle Applications
2 31 (0.71%) Oracle BPM
3 30 (0.69%) SAP ERP
4 28 (0.64%) Oracle EBS
5 27 (0.62%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 24 (0.55%) RMDS
7 23 (0.53%) ION MarketView
8 18 (0.41%) Magento
9 16 (0.37%) Temenos T24
10 15 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
10 15 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
11 13 (0.30%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 13 (0.30%) Oracle Retail
12 11 (0.25%) Oracle 11i
12 11 (0.25%) Sonata
13 10 (0.23%) Oracle Utilities
14 9 (0.21%) Unica
15 8 (0.18%) Siebel CRM
16 7 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
16 7 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 502 (11.50%) Amazon AWS
2 191 (4.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 124 (2.84%) GitHub
4 81 (1.86%) PaaS
5 72 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
6 64 (1.47%) Amazon EC2
7 50 (1.15%) IaaS
8 49 (1.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 47 (1.08%) OpenShift
10 44 (1.01%) Amazon S3
11 34 (0.78%) Google Cloud Platform
12 33 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
13 31 (0.71%) Serverless
14 30 (0.69%) Office 365
15 28 (0.64%) Route 53
15 28 (0.64%) SaaS
16 27 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
17 23 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 22 (0.50%) npm
19 18 (0.41%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 370 (8.47%) TCP/IP
2 366 (8.38%) Firewall
3 243 (5.57%) SAN
4 211 (4.83%) HTTP
5 191 (4.37%) DNS
6 148 (3.39%) LDAP
7 134 (3.07%) Internet
8 129 (2.95%) NAS
9 127 (2.91%) SSL
10 102 (2.34%) WAN
11 94 (2.15%) LAN
12 81 (1.86%) Network Security
12 81 (1.86%) VPN
13 71 (1.63%) SSH
14 56 (1.28%) Kerberos
15 48 (1.10%) DHCP
16 47 (1.08%) Fibre Channel
17 35 (0.80%) Intrusion Detection
18 33 (0.76%) FTP
19 30 (0.69%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 499 (11.43%) Relational Database
2 337 (7.72%) SQL Server
3 327 (7.49%) Oracle Database
4 270 (6.18%) MySQL
5 237 (5.43%) NoSQL
6 233 (5.34%) Hadoop
7 217 (4.97%) RDBMS
8 208 (4.76%) Big Data
9 167 (3.83%) MongoDB
10 156 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
11 122 (2.79%) DB2
12 117 (2.68%) Apache Cassandra
13 102 (2.34%) Apache Hive
13 102 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
14 84 (1.92%) Oracle Database 11g
15 79 (1.81%) HBase
16 66 (1.51%) Oracle Database 12c
17 51 (1.17%) Redis
18 48 (1.10%) Oracle Reports
19 41 (0.94%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 691 (15.83%) Git (software)
2 580 (13.28%) Jenkins
3 378 (8.66%) JIRA
4 338 (7.74%) Maven
5 269 (6.16%) Subversion
6 231 (5.29%) JUnit
7 160 (3.66%) Mockito
8 120 (2.75%) Selenium
9 116 (2.66%) Cucumber
10 89 (2.04%) TeamCity
11 79 (1.81%) Vagrant
12 76 (1.74%) Eclipse
13 75 (1.72%) Gradle
14 73 (1.67%) IntelliJ
15 72 (1.65%) Sonatype Nexus
16 65 (1.49%) Bitbucket
17 63 (1.44%) Artifactory
18 59 (1.35%) SonarQube
19 57 (1.31%) Checkstyle
19 57 (1.31%) Liquibase
General
1 1012 (23.18%) Finance
2 688 (15.76%) Banking
3 272 (6.23%) Investment Banking
4 251 (5.75%) Front Office
5 128 (2.93%) Telecoms
6 119 (2.73%) Retail
7 85 (1.95%) Games
8 65 (1.49%) Marketing
9 63 (1.44%) Financial Institution
10 57 (1.31%) Manufacturing
11 42 (0.96%) Legal
12 40 (0.92%) Retail Banking
13 38 (0.87%) Back Office
13 38 (0.87%) Electronics
14 18 (0.41%) Law
15 17 (0.39%) Billing
16 15 (0.34%) Publishing
17 13 (0.30%) Advertising
18 12 (0.27%) International Banking
19 10 (0.23%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1268 (29.04%) Developer
2 542 (12.41%) Java Developer
3 420 (9.62%) Analyst
4 380 (8.70%) Administrator
5 371 (8.50%) DevOps Engineer
6 277 (6.34%) Consultant
7 237 (5.43%) Unix Engineer
8 222 (5.08%) Architect
9 204 (4.67%) Linux Engineer
10 199 (4.56%) Senior Developer
11 191 (4.37%) Systems Administrator
12 152 (3.48%) Unix Administrator
13 144 (3.30%) Support Analyst
14 126 (2.89%) AWS Engineer
14 126 (2.89%) Senior Java Developer
15 124 (2.84%) Applications Support
16 122 (2.79%) AWS DevOps
16 122 (2.79%) DBA
17 117 (2.68%) C++ Developer
18 108 (2.47%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (9.05%) Web Services
2 375 (8.59%) XML
3 345 (7.90%) Spring
4 320 (7.33%) HTML
5 309 (7.08%) REST
6 292 (6.69%) Middleware
7 291 (6.67%) RESTful
8 259 (5.93%) J2EE
9 230 (5.27%) JSON
10 220 (5.04%) CSS
11 205 (4.70%) .NET
12 181 (4.15%) SOAP
13 173 (3.96%) Hibernate
14 154 (3.53%) JMS
14 154 (3.53%) Kafka
15 150 (3.44%) FIX Protocol
16 138 (3.16%) AngularJS
16 138 (3.16%) Node.js
17 134 (3.07%) Elastic Stack
18 131 (3.00%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 470 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
2 200 (4.58%) Linux Command Line
3 190 (4.35%) Data Centre
4 181 (4.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 155 (3.55%) Computer Science
6 130 (2.98%) Management Information System
7 129 (2.95%) Fixed Income
8 114 (2.61%) Equities
9 108 (2.47%) Clustering
10 91 (2.08%) Derivative
11 79 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
12 75 (1.72%) Data Structures
13 74 (1.69%) Replication
14 64 (1.47%) Greenfield Project
15 60 (1.37%) PKI
16 57 (1.31%) Mainframe
17 52 (1.19%) Algorithms
18 51 (1.17%) Public Cloud
19 48 (1.10%) User Experience
20 46 (1.05%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2725 (62.41%) Linux
2 1205 (27.60%) Windows
3 551 (12.62%) Solaris
4 448 (10.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 318 (7.28%) AIX
6 216 (4.95%) Windows Server
7 162 (3.71%) Mac OS X
8 123 (2.82%) HPUX
9 96 (2.20%) CentOS
9 96 (2.20%) SUSE
10 70 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
11 67 (1.53%) VMS
12 64 (1.47%) Windows Server 2012
13 58 (1.33%) Ubuntu
14 51 (1.17%) Windows Server 2003
15 49 (1.12%) Windows XP
16 44 (1.01%) Mac OS
17 40 (0.92%) Apple iOS
18 38 (0.87%) Android
19 30 (0.69%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1121 (25.68%) Agile Software Development
2 817 (18.71%) DevOps
3 436 (9.99%) Continuous Integration
4 430 (9.85%) Test Automation
5 364 (8.34%) Configuration Management
6 356 (8.15%) Scrum
6 356 (8.15%) TDD
7 331 (7.58%) ITIL
8 287 (6.57%) Migration
9 275 (6.30%) OO
10 243 (5.57%) Microservices
11 240 (5.50%) Open Source
12 233 (5.34%) High Availability
13 214 (4.90%) SDLC
14 213 (4.88%) Load Balancing
15 203 (4.65%) Software Engineering
16 194 (4.44%) Performance Tuning
17 188 (4.31%) Analytics
17 188 (4.31%) BDD
17 188 (4.31%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 1575 (36.07%) Java
2 1434 (32.84%) SQL
3 1002 (22.95%) Python
4 689 (15.78%) Shell Script
5 625 (14.32%) Perl
6 468 (10.72%) JavaScript
7 352 (8.06%) Bash Shell
8 279 (6.39%) C++
9 264 (6.05%) PL/SQL
10 244 (5.59%) Ruby
11 208 (4.76%) Scala
12 164 (3.76%) PowerShell
13 163 (3.73%) Korn
14 155 (3.55%) C#
15 147 (3.37%) C
16 123 (2.82%) PHP
17 66 (1.51%) Go
18 61 (1.40%) Groovy
19 59 (1.35%) R
20 52 (1.19%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 509 (11.66%) Security Cleared
2 352 (8.06%) SC Cleared
3 276 (6.32%) Degree
4 90 (2.06%) CISSP
5 67 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 62 (1.42%) DV Cleared
7 44 (1.01%) CISM
8 37 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
8 37 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
9 36 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
10 26 (0.60%) ITIL Certification
10 26 (0.60%) RHCE
11 22 (0.50%) MCSE
12 20 (0.46%) ISEB
12 20 (0.46%) SANS
13 19 (0.44%) CCNA
14 17 (0.39%) ISTQB
15 16 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 16 (0.37%) Master's Degree
16 15 (0.34%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (3.73%) QA
2 74 (1.69%) SLA
3 67 (1.53%) MiFID
4 42 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 37 (0.85%) PCI DSS
6 33 (0.76%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 20 (0.46%) Data Quality
8 19 (0.44%) GDPR
9 15 (0.34%) GCP
10 12 (0.27%) TARGET2
11 11 (0.25%) COBIT
12 8 (0.18%) PMO
13 7 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
14 6 (0.14%) JSP 440
15 5 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
15 5 (0.11%) EMIR
15 5 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
15 5 (0.11%) ISO 8583
15 5 (0.11%) RMADS
15 5 (0.11%) SEPA
System Software
1 387 (8.86%) Docker
2 225 (5.15%) Active Directory
3 177 (4.05%) VMware Infrastructure
4 86 (1.97%) NFS
5 79 (1.81%) Hyper-V
6 75 (1.72%) VMware ESXi
7 73 (1.67%) HDFS
7 73 (1.67%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 66 (1.51%) Oracle RAC
9 63 (1.44%) Virtual Machines
10 51 (1.17%) Samba
11 47 (1.08%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 45 (1.03%) vSphere
13 42 (0.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 37 (0.85%) KVM
14 37 (0.85%) Veritas File System
15 35 (0.80%) Xen
16 32 (0.73%) Apache Flume
17 15 (0.34%) Firmware
17 15 (0.34%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 448 (10.26%) Puppet
2 442 (10.12%) Ansible
3 251 (5.75%) Opscode Chef
4 155 (3.55%) logstash
5 152 (3.48%) Kubernetes
6 119 (2.73%) Kibana
7 100 (2.29%) Terraform
8 99 (2.27%) Grafana
9 96 (2.20%) Nagios
10 94 (2.15%) NetBackup
11 72 (1.65%) ITRS Geneos
12 54 (1.24%) Control-M
13 49 (1.12%) Hadoop YARN
14 42 (0.96%) BladeLogic
15 41 (0.94%) Tivoli
16 38 (0.87%) Rancher
17 35 (0.80%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
18 34 (0.78%) Data Guard
18 34 (0.78%) ZABBIX
19 33 (0.76%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 1232 (28.22%) Oracle
2 526 (12.05%) Red Hat
3 345 (7.90%) Microsoft
4 291 (6.67%) VMware
5 279 (6.39%) IBM
6 252 (5.77%) Splunk
7 231 (5.29%) HP
8 196 (4.49%) Sybase
9 174 (3.99%) Cisco
10 170 (3.89%) Veritas
11 164 (3.76%) Sun
12 132 (3.02%) SAP
13 101 (2.31%) AppDynamics
14 96 (2.20%) F5
15 95 (2.18%) Citrix
16 91 (2.08%) NetApp
17 90 (2.06%) EMC
18 79 (1.81%) Atlassian
19 71 (1.63%) CyberArk
20 68 (1.56%) TIBCO