Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 57 44 33
Rank change year-on-year -13 -11 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,815 4,194 5,480
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.01% 4.75% 5.39%
As % of the Operating Systems category 19.25% 23.24% 24.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,409 2,661 3,572
England median daily rate £500 £475 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +10.47% +1.18%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £286
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £484 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +7.53% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 51 56
England median hourly rate £31.00 £37.50 £27.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.33% +35.14% -7.50%
10th Percentile £15.20 £13.75 £14.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £47.50 £58.13
UK median hourly rate £31.00 £37.50 £25.08
% change year-on-year -17.33% +49.55% -22.85%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,821 18,044 22,550
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.86% 20.42% 22.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,472 11,436 14,386
England median daily rate £438 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £185 £200 £213
90th Percentile £615 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,371 1,067 1,209
England median hourly rate £17.50 £16.75 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.48% +1.52% +2.10%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.62 £10.63
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.50 £45.00
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +6.06% - +2.10%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -17 2,037 £525 +5.00% 300
South East -8 761 £475 +8.57% 114
North of England -33 392 £400 -5.88% 111
Midlands +5 327 £410 +2.12% 47
West Midlands +9 211 £425 -10.53% 39
North West -30 184 £400 -5.88% 53
East of England -18 159 £450 +0.61% 57
Yorkshire -36 151 £413 -5.98% 49
South West -5 127 £425 - 36
East Midlands -4 113 £400 +6.67% 8
North East -42 58 £390 -2.50% 9
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,247 (58.90%) Linux
2 1,372 (35.96%) Java
3 1,236 (32.40%) SQL
4 1,103 (28.91%) Oracle
5 1,096 (28.73%) Agile Software Development
6 939 (24.61%) Finance
7 922 (24.17%) Windows
8 864 (22.65%) Python
9 738 (19.34%) DevOps
10 654 (17.14%) Git (software)
11 642 (16.83%) Amazon AWS
12 627 (16.44%) Jenkins
13 554 (14.52%) Shell Script
14 531 (13.92%) Relational Database
15 521 (13.66%) Banking
16 481 (12.61%) Test Automation
17 453 (11.87%) Docker
18 436 (11.43%) Perl
19 421 (11.04%) Ansible
20 414 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
21 402 (10.54%) TDD
22 399 (10.46%) Spring
23 398 (10.43%) Problem-Solving
24 396 (10.38%) Configuration Management
24 396 (10.38%) Puppet
25 393 (10.30%) JIRA
26 383 (10.04%) Bash Shell
27 379 (9.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 379 (9.93%) XML
28 377 (9.88%) JavaScript

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 338 (8.86%) Apache
2 259 (6.79%) Confluence
3 201 (5.27%) WebLogic
4 167 (4.38%) WebSphere
5 160 (4.19%) Apache Spark
6 150 (3.93%) JBoss
7 130 (3.41%) Tomcat
8 95 (2.49%) IIS
9 84 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
10 70 (1.83%) nginx
11 67 (1.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 58 (1.52%) SAS
13 57 (1.49%) Cloud Foundry
14 46 (1.21%) WebSphere Application Server
15 44 (1.15%) SharePoint
15 44 (1.15%) WildFly
16 36 (0.94%) MS Exchange
17 33 (0.87%) GemFire
18 32 (0.84%) Mule
19 31 (0.81%) CMS
Applications
1 82 (2.15%) Microsoft Office
2 76 (1.99%) Microsoft Excel
3 56 (1.47%) MS Visio
4 30 (0.79%) Microsoft Project
5 17 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.31%) HipChat
7 6 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.10%) Simulink
9 4 (0.10%) Windchill
10 1 (0.026%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.026%) Autodesk Inventor
10 1 (0.026%) Mozilla Thunderbird
10 1 (0.026%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 36 (0.94%) Oracle EBS
2 25 (0.66%) Remedy ITSM
3 19 (0.50%) ION MarketView
4 18 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 17 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
6 15 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
6 15 (0.39%) Temenos T24
7 14 (0.37%) Sonata
8 13 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
8 13 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
9 12 (0.31%) Actimize
9 12 (0.31%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 9 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
10 9 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
11 8 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
12 7 (0.18%) Temenos Globus
13 6 (0.16%) Magento
13 6 (0.16%) RMDS
14 5 (0.13%) Endur
14 5 (0.13%) Global One
Cloud Services
1 642 (16.83%) Amazon AWS
2 236 (6.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 151 (3.96%) GitHub
4 136 (3.56%) Amazon EC2
5 115 (3.01%) Serverless
6 113 (2.96%) AWS Lambda
7 103 (2.70%) Amazon S3
8 89 (2.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 73 (1.91%) PaaS
10 65 (1.70%) Google Cloud Platform
10 65 (1.70%) Route 53
11 53 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 50 (1.31%) IaaS
13 48 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
14 47 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
15 45 (1.18%) CloudFront
16 32 (0.84%) SaaS
17 29 (0.76%) npm
18 27 (0.71%) Office 365
19 25 (0.66%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 285 (7.47%) Firewall
2 221 (5.79%) TCP/IP
3 216 (5.66%) SAN
4 189 (4.95%) HTTP
5 161 (4.22%) DNS
6 130 (3.41%) SSL
7 107 (2.80%) Internet
8 87 (2.28%) LAN
9 82 (2.15%) WAN
10 80 (2.10%) Network Security
11 76 (1.99%) SMS
12 56 (1.47%) VPN
13 51 (1.34%) NAS
13 51 (1.34%) SSH
14 46 (1.21%) SNMP
15 44 (1.15%) Kerberos
16 39 (1.02%) DHCP
16 39 (1.02%) FTP
17 34 (0.89%) Intrusion Detection
17 34 (0.89%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 531 (13.92%) Relational Database
2 341 (8.94%) SQL Server
3 284 (7.44%) Oracle Database
4 256 (6.71%) MySQL
5 247 (6.47%) Big Data
6 233 (6.11%) Hadoop
7 188 (4.93%) MongoDB
7 188 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
8 185 (4.85%) RDBMS
9 167 (4.38%) NoSQL
10 143 (3.75%) Data Warehouse
11 125 (3.28%) DB2
12 101 (2.65%) Oracle Database 11g
13 98 (2.57%) Apache Hive
14 82 (2.15%) HBase
15 65 (1.70%) Amazon RDS
16 64 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
17 55 (1.44%) Oracle Database 12c
18 47 (1.23%) BusinessObjects
19 46 (1.21%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 654 (17.14%) Git (software)
2 627 (16.44%) Jenkins
3 393 (10.30%) JIRA
4 268 (7.02%) Maven
5 216 (5.66%) JUnit
6 208 (5.45%) Cucumber
7 183 (4.80%) Subversion
8 173 (4.53%) Selenium
9 169 (4.43%) Mockito
10 106 (2.78%) Gradle
11 96 (2.52%) Sonatype Nexus
12 93 (2.44%) Artifactory
13 86 (2.25%) Eclipse
14 81 (2.12%) IntelliJ
14 81 (2.12%) TeamCity
15 78 (2.04%) Bitbucket
16 72 (1.89%) SoapUI
17 60 (1.57%) Checkstyle
18 59 (1.55%) Ant
19 57 (1.49%) Liquibase
General
1 939 (24.61%) Finance
2 521 (13.66%) Banking
3 225 (5.90%) Investment Banking
4 218 (5.71%) Front Office
5 100 (2.62%) Telecoms
6 93 (2.44%) Retail
7 55 (1.44%) Financial Institution
8 42 (1.10%) Back Office
9 39 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 37 (0.97%) Marketing
11 26 (0.68%) Legal
12 24 (0.63%) Games
13 20 (0.52%) Advertising
14 17 (0.45%) Publishing
15 16 (0.42%) Electronics
16 15 (0.39%) Law
17 14 (0.37%) Spanish Language
18 13 (0.34%) Corporate Banking
19 10 (0.26%) General Ledger
20 9 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,138 (29.83%) Developer
2 491 (12.87%) Java Developer
3 434 (11.38%) Analyst
4 349 (9.15%) DevOps Engineer
5 263 (6.89%) Architect
6 255 (6.68%) Administrator
7 165 (4.33%) Linux Engineer
8 160 (4.19%) Senior Developer
9 148 (3.88%) Systems Administrator
10 147 (3.85%) Support Analyst
11 139 (3.64%) Consultant
12 132 (3.46%) AWS Engineer
13 127 (3.33%) Unix Engineer
14 119 (3.12%) Senior Java Developer
14 119 (3.12%) Unix Administrator
15 113 (2.96%) AWS DevOps
16 107 (2.80%) Test Analyst
17 102 (2.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 97 (2.54%) Applications Support
19 96 (2.52%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 399 (10.46%) Spring
2 379 (9.93%) XML
3 359 (9.41%) REST
4 344 (9.02%) Web Services
5 326 (8.55%) Middleware
6 310 (8.13%) HTML
7 264 (6.92%) RESTful
8 255 (6.68%) J2EE
9 210 (5.50%) JSON
10 201 (5.27%) Node.js
11 192 (5.03%) Hibernate
12 182 (4.77%) Kafka
13 176 (4.61%) SOAP
14 165 (4.33%) CSS
15 163 (4.27%) JMS
16 123 (3.22%) RabbitMQ
17 119 (3.12%) AngularJS
18 105 (2.75%) .NET
19 103 (2.70%) LDAP
20 100 (2.62%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 414 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
2 266 (6.97%) Linux Command Line
3 166 (4.35%) Computer Science
4 154 (4.04%) Data Centre
5 142 (3.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 112 (2.94%) Algorithms
7 109 (2.86%) Management Information System
8 90 (2.36%) Mainframe
9 89 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
10 85 (2.23%) Fixed Income
11 80 (2.10%) Data Structures
12 77 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
12 77 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
13 76 (1.99%) Fintech
14 69 (1.81%) Equities
15 63 (1.65%) Virtual Team
16 61 (1.60%) Clustering
17 58 (1.52%) Derivative
18 56 (1.47%) Replication
19 44 (1.15%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 2,247 (58.90%) Linux
2 922 (24.17%) Windows
3 379 (9.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 366 (9.59%) Solaris
5 183 (4.80%) AIX
6 168 (4.40%) Windows Server
7 98 (2.57%) Mac OS X
8 88 (2.31%) CentOS
9 71 (1.86%) Ubuntu
10 48 (1.26%) Windows Server 2012
11 46 (1.21%) HPUX
12 43 (1.13%) VMS
13 41 (1.07%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 38 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
15 37 (0.97%) Windows 7
16 34 (0.89%) Windows XP
17 33 (0.87%) Apple iOS
18 32 (0.84%) Windows Server 2003
19 27 (0.71%) SUSE
20 26 (0.68%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,096 (28.73%) Agile Software Development
2 738 (19.34%) DevOps
3 481 (12.61%) Test Automation
4 402 (10.54%) TDD
5 398 (10.43%) Problem-Solving
6 396 (10.38%) Configuration Management
7 364 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
8 337 (8.83%) Scrum
9 306 (8.02%) OO
10 266 (6.97%) Open Source
11 265 (6.95%) Migration
12 263 (6.89%) ITIL
13 257 (6.74%) BDD
14 247 (6.47%) SDLC
15 239 (6.26%) Microservices
16 208 (5.45%) Software Engineering
17 175 (4.59%) ETL
18 165 (4.33%) Project Management
19 157 (4.12%) Continuous Delivery
20 156 (4.09%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,372 (35.96%) Java
2 1,236 (32.40%) SQL
3 864 (22.65%) Python
4 554 (14.52%) Shell Script
5 436 (11.43%) Perl
6 383 (10.04%) Bash Shell
7 377 (9.88%) JavaScript
8 282 (7.39%) PL/SQL
9 216 (5.66%) Ruby
10 200 (5.24%) C++
11 186 (4.88%) Java 8
12 143 (3.75%) Scala
13 138 (3.62%) PowerShell
14 124 (3.25%) C#
15 122 (3.20%) C
16 102 (2.67%) PHP
17 96 (2.52%) Korn
18 93 (2.44%) Groovy
19 53 (1.39%) JPQL
20 47 (1.23%) Go
Qualifications
1 371 (9.72%) Security Cleared
2 295 (7.73%) Degree
3 292 (7.65%) SC Cleared
4 89 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 73 (1.91%) Cisco Certification
6 70 (1.83%) ISTQB
7 67 (1.76%) ISEB
8 65 (1.70%) CISSP
9 58 (1.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 45 (1.18%) CCNA
11 39 (1.02%) AWS Certification
12 37 (0.97%) CCNP
13 36 (0.94%) CISM
14 26 (0.68%) DV Cleared
14 26 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
15 25 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
16 20 (0.52%) MCSE
17 19 (0.50%) RHCE
18 18 (0.47%) SANS
19 17 (0.45%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (3.64%) QA
2 95 (2.49%) SLA
3 53 (1.39%) Data Quality
4 31 (0.81%) GDPR
5 27 (0.71%) GCP
5 27 (0.71%) PCI DSS
6 26 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 20 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 19 (0.50%) MiFID
9 15 (0.39%) PMO
10 14 (0.37%) EMIR
11 13 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
12 10 (0.26%) COBIT
12 10 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
13 8 (0.21%) TARGET2
14 6 (0.16%) NIST 800
14 6 (0.16%) SEPA
15 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 4 (0.10%) COREP
System Software
1 453 (11.87%) Docker
2 170 (4.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 162 (4.25%) Active Directory
4 107 (2.80%) HDFS
5 70 (1.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 54 (1.42%) Oracle RAC
7 50 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
8 49 (1.28%) Hyper-V
9 48 (1.26%) NFS
10 44 (1.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 40 (1.05%) vSphere
12 34 (0.89%) Virtual Servers
13 33 (0.87%) Firmware
13 33 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
14 20 (0.52%) XenApp
15 19 (0.50%) flannel
16 16 (0.42%) etcd
16 16 (0.42%) KVM
17 14 (0.37%) Apache Flume
18 12 (0.31%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 421 (11.04%) Ansible
2 396 (10.38%) Puppet
3 294 (7.71%) Opscode Chef
4 249 (6.53%) Kubernetes
5 206 (5.40%) Terraform
6 97 (2.54%) Hadoop YARN
7 50 (1.31%) Grafana
8 48 (1.26%) Nagios
9 47 (1.23%) SCCM
10 46 (1.21%) logstash
10 46 (1.21%) Salt
11 45 (1.18%) NetBackup
12 44 (1.15%) Data Guard
12 44 (1.15%) Kibana
13 39 (1.02%) BladeLogic
14 36 (0.94%) SCOM
15 30 (0.79%) Tivoli
16 29 (0.76%) Packer
17 28 (0.73%) Oracle RMAN
17 28 (0.73%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1,103 (28.91%) Oracle
2 363 (9.52%) Red Hat
3 283 (7.42%) Microsoft
4 282 (7.39%) IBM
5 267 (7.00%) VMware
6 148 (3.88%) HP
7 132 (3.46%) Cisco
8 114 (2.99%) Splunk
9 99 (2.60%) Atlassian
9 99 (2.60%) Citrix
10 91 (2.39%) Google
11 90 (2.36%) webMethods
12 85 (2.23%) Sun
13 82 (2.15%) Veritas
14 79 (2.07%) Sybase
15 77 (2.02%) SAP
16 72 (1.89%) NetApp
17 66 (1.73%) CyberArk
17 66 (1.73%) EMC
17 66 (1.73%) Remedy