Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 104 74 90
Rank change year-on-year -30 +16 -29
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,653 866 2,058
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.46% 3.17% 2.67%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.54% 17.09% 13.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,210 564 1,277
10th Percentile £380 £315 £313
25th Percentile £450 £398 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £488 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.26% - -2.50%
75th Percentile £650 £582 £588
90th Percentile £700 £661 £650
UK median daily rate £530 £488 £488
% change year-on-year +8.72% - +1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 28 19
10th Percentile £13.40 £26.78 £15.80
25th Percentile £39.50 £31.25 £21.04
Median hourly rate £39.80 £37.50 £31.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.13% +20.97% +5.08%
75th Percentile £59.58 £53.81 £50.63
90th Percentile £60.00 £66.00 £53.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £37.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +33.33% +36.36% -11.29%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,637 5,068 15,742
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.82% 18.54% 20.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,339 3,298 10,159
10th Percentile £163 £180 £150
25th Percentile £325 £315 £270
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -2.30%
75th Percentile £586 £538 £538
90th Percentile £675 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 605 263 1,004
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.24
25th Percentile £14.00 £13.66 £14.00
Median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.41% +5.71% +0.03%
75th Percentile £39.50 £37.00 £36.70
90th Percentile £62.25 £52.40 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% +2.94%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -16 899 £600 +9.09% 239
Midlands +1 261 £490 +18.07% 58
West Midlands +2 233 £490 +14.49% 47
North of England -44 162 £450 -0.11% 72
South East -38 150 £488 +8.57% 50
North West -41 91 £425 -2.75% 41
Yorkshire -37 60 £500 -4.76% 22
East of England -52 52 £491 +10.39% 23
South West -31 36 £450 +6.82% 28
East Midlands -38 24 £475 +25.16% 10
North East -17 12 £738 +63.89% 9
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 902 (54.57%) Linux
2 695 (42.04%) Java
3 684 (41.38%) SQL
4 566 (34.24%) Agile Software Development
5 559 (33.82%) Oracle
6 447 (27.04%) Social Skills
7 414 (25.05%) Python
8 412 (24.92%) Windows
9 371 (22.44%) Finance
10 348 (21.05%) Git (software)
11 332 (20.08%) Jenkins
12 330 (19.96%) AWS
13 299 (18.09%) Shell Script
14 291 (17.60%) JIRA
15 290 (17.54%) DevOps
16 271 (16.39%) Ansible
17 258 (15.61%) Banking
18 243 (14.70%) Test Automation
19 241 (14.58%) Spring
20 233 (14.10%) Azure
21 211 (12.76%) Confluence
21 211 (12.76%) PL/SQL
22 209 (12.64%) Analytical Skills
23 208 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
24 207 (12.52%) Microservices
24 207 (12.52%) Configuration Management
25 204 (12.34%) Relational Database
26 195 (11.80%) Docker
27 192 (11.62%) JavaScript
28 189 (11.43%) SQL Server

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 211 (12.76%) Confluence
2 121 (7.32%) WebLogic
3 80 (4.84%) Apache Spark
4 76 (4.60%) SAS
5 75 (4.54%) Apache
6 66 (3.99%) Mule
7 55 (3.33%) JBoss
7 55 (3.33%) Tomcat
8 44 (2.66%) WebSphere
9 39 (2.36%) SharePoint
10 29 (1.75%) CMS
10 29 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
11 28 (1.69%) Red Hat Fuse
12 25 (1.51%) IIS
13 13 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
14 12 (0.73%) MS Exchange
14 12 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 11 (0.67%) OpenStack
16 10 (0.60%) nginx
17 8 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 52 (3.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (1.69%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.67%) Siemens NX
6 9 (0.54%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.060%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.060%) PTC Creo
Business Applications
1 15 (0.91%) SAP HCM
2 11 (0.67%) Teamcenter
3 10 (0.60%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
4 8 (0.48%) Oracle EBS R12
4 8 (0.48%) SAP FI-CA
4 8 (0.48%) SAP PSCD
5 7 (0.42%) BusinessWorks
6 6 (0.36%) RMDS
7 5 (0.30%) assyst
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Receivables
8 4 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.18%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.12%) Magento
11 1 (0.060%) OneSumX
11 1 (0.060%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
11 1 (0.060%) Temenos Globus
11 1 (0.060%) Temenos T24
11 1 (0.060%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 330 (19.96%) AWS
2 233 (14.10%) Azure
3 94 (5.69%) GCP
4 78 (4.72%) GitHub
5 51 (3.09%) PaaS
6 45 (2.72%) IaaS
7 43 (2.60%) Amazon S3
8 37 (2.24%) Microsoft 365
9 32 (1.94%) Power Platform
10 31 (1.88%) Serverless
11 29 (1.75%) AWS CloudFormation
12 28 (1.69%) SaaS
13 26 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
14 25 (1.51%) OpenShift
15 21 (1.27%) Azure Active Directory
15 21 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
16 18 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
17 15 (0.91%) SuccessFactors
18 14 (0.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 13 (0.79%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 105 (6.35%) Firewall
2 58 (3.51%) TCP/IP
3 55 (3.33%) DNS
3 55 (3.33%) HTTP
4 48 (2.90%) SAN
5 43 (2.60%) Network Security
5 43 (2.60%) SSL
6 31 (1.88%) WAN
7 23 (1.39%) LAN
8 21 (1.27%) Wireshark
9 19 (1.15%) NAS
9 19 (1.15%) VPN
10 18 (1.09%) Kerberos
11 16 (0.97%) DHCP
11 16 (0.97%) Internet
12 15 (0.91%) HTTPS
13 12 (0.73%) SMTP
14 11 (0.67%) PBX
14 11 (0.67%) SNMP
14 11 (0.67%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (12.34%) Relational Database
2 189 (11.43%) SQL Server
3 145 (8.77%) MySQL
4 114 (6.90%) Hadoop
5 98 (5.93%) Big Data
6 96 (5.81%) Oracle Database
7 91 (5.51%) Apache Hive
8 88 (5.32%) MongoDB
9 87 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
10 79 (4.78%) Data Warehouse
11 74 (4.48%) NoSQL
12 67 (4.05%) BusinessObjects
13 59 (3.57%) Pentaho
14 49 (2.96%) HBase
15 43 (2.60%) RDBMS
16 37 (2.24%) Tableau
17 32 (1.94%) Amazon RDS
18 30 (1.81%) DB2
19 29 (1.75%) Power BI
20 26 (1.57%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 348 (21.05%) Git (software)
2 332 (20.08%) Jenkins
3 291 (17.60%) JIRA
4 144 (8.71%) Maven
5 93 (5.63%) Bitbucket
6 86 (5.20%) GitLab
6 86 (5.20%) Selenium
7 84 (5.08%) Cucumber
7 84 (5.08%) Subversion
8 48 (2.90%) JUnit
9 47 (2.84%) TeamCity
10 42 (2.54%) Sonatype Nexus
11 36 (2.18%) Gatling
12 35 (2.12%) Mockito
13 34 (2.06%) SonarQube
14 30 (1.81%) Artifactory
15 27 (1.63%) CA Gen
16 25 (1.51%) IntelliJ
16 25 (1.51%) SoapUI
17 23 (1.39%) Postman
General
1 447 (27.04%) Social Skills
2 371 (22.44%) Finance
3 258 (15.61%) Banking
4 209 (12.64%) Analytical Skills
5 146 (8.83%) Public Sector
6 141 (8.53%) Investment Banking
7 126 (7.62%) Front Office
8 41 (2.48%) Telecoms
9 33 (2.00%) Financial Institution
10 25 (1.51%) Presentation Skills
11 21 (1.27%) Back Office
11 21 (1.27%) Documentation Skills
12 20 (1.21%) Marketing
12 20 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
13 17 (1.03%) Manufacturing
14 14 (0.85%) Retail
15 12 (0.73%) Influencing Skills
16 9 (0.54%) Publishing
17 8 (0.48%) Electronics
17 8 (0.48%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 534 (32.30%) Developer
2 251 (15.18%) Java Developer
3 145 (8.77%) Analyst
4 92 (5.57%) DevOps Engineer
5 88 (5.32%) Data Engineer
6 82 (4.96%) Architect
7 79 (4.78%) Administrator
8 71 (4.30%) Consultant
9 69 (4.17%) Senior Developer
10 60 (3.63%) Software Engineer
11 52 (3.15%) Integration Developer
12 49 (2.96%) Tester
13 43 (2.60%) Applications Support
14 36 (2.18%) Linux Engineer
15 35 (2.12%) Business Analyst
15 35 (2.12%) DBA
16 32 (1.94%) Big Data Engineer
16 32 (1.94%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 32 (1.94%) Support Analyst
16 32 (1.94%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 241 (14.58%) Spring
2 148 (8.95%) J2EE
3 142 (8.59%) REST
4 141 (8.53%) XML
5 133 (8.05%) Middleware
6 121 (7.32%) JSON
7 116 (7.02%) Web Services
8 113 (6.84%) HTML
9 100 (6.05%) Spring Boot
10 99 (5.99%) Apache Camel
11 93 (5.63%) CSS
12 82 (4.96%) Kafka
13 79 (4.78%) React
14 66 (3.99%) RESTful
15 65 (3.93%) SOAP
16 60 (3.63%) Hibernate
17 58 (3.51%) RabbitMQ
18 56 (3.39%) JTA
19 54 (3.27%) JTS
20 53 (3.21%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 63 (3.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 60 (3.63%) Data Centre
3 59 (3.57%) Fixed Income
4 56 (3.39%) Data Protection Act
5 49 (2.96%) Algorithms
6 47 (2.84%) Data Structures
7 43 (2.60%) Equities
8 41 (2.48%) Cloud Native
8 41 (2.48%) Linux Command Line
9 40 (2.42%) Derivative
10 37 (2.24%) Management Information System
11 31 (1.88%) Public Cloud
12 30 (1.81%) User Experience
13 25 (1.51%) Clustering
14 21 (1.27%) PKI
15 18 (1.09%) Mainframe
16 17 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
17 15 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
18 14 (0.85%) Virtual Team
19 13 (0.79%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 902 (54.57%) Linux
2 412 (24.92%) Windows
3 84 (5.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 62 (3.75%) Solaris
5 55 (3.33%) AIX
6 44 (2.66%) Mac OS X
7 40 (2.42%) Windows Server
8 17 (1.03%) Mac OS
9 14 (0.85%) CentOS
10 12 (0.73%) Android
10 12 (0.73%) Windows 10
11 11 (0.67%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (0.60%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.54%) Oracle Linux
14 8 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
14 8 (0.48%) zOS
15 7 (0.42%) Debian
15 7 (0.42%) VMS
16 6 (0.36%) SUSE
16 6 (0.36%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 566 (34.24%) Agile Software Development
2 290 (17.54%) DevOps
3 243 (14.70%) Test Automation
4 208 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
5 207 (12.52%) Configuration Management
5 207 (12.52%) Microservices
6 177 (10.71%) Scrum
7 172 (10.41%) Software Engineering
8 171 (10.34%) TDD
9 151 (9.13%) Continuous Integration
10 143 (8.65%) Data Modelling
11 142 (8.59%) Analytics
12 138 (8.35%) OO
13 134 (8.11%) Test Strategy
14 128 (7.74%) Process Improvement
15 125 (7.56%) Business Intelligence
16 121 (7.32%) ETL
16 121 (7.32%) Migration
17 105 (6.35%) Problem Management
18 102 (6.17%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 695 (42.04%) Java
2 684 (41.38%) SQL
3 414 (25.05%) Python
4 299 (18.09%) Shell Script
5 211 (12.76%) PL/SQL
6 192 (11.62%) JavaScript
7 186 (11.25%) Perl
8 129 (7.80%) Bash Shell
9 116 (7.02%) Java 8
10 98 (5.93%) PowerShell
11 86 (5.20%) Scala
12 78 (4.72%) C++
13 52 (3.15%) C#
14 50 (3.02%) Ruby
15 40 (2.42%) C
15 40 (2.42%) R
16 39 (2.36%) Groovy
17 34 (2.06%) HiveQL
18 28 (1.69%) Java 11
19 27 (1.63%) Go
Qualifications
1 128 (7.74%) Security Cleared
2 111 (6.72%) SC Cleared
3 70 (4.23%) Degree
4 51 (3.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 50 (3.02%) ISEB
6 48 (2.90%) ISTQB
7 29 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (0.85%) DV Cleared
9 13 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
10 12 (0.73%) AWS Certification
10 12 (0.73%) CISSP
11 10 (0.60%) CCNA
11 10 (0.60%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.54%) CCNP
12 9 (0.54%) CEH
13 8 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (0.48%) CCIE
13 8 (0.48%) CISA
13 8 (0.48%) Oracle Certification
13 8 (0.48%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (5.87%) QA
2 27 (1.63%) Accessibility
3 20 (1.21%) SLA
4 17 (1.03%) GDPR
5 13 (0.79%) MiFID
6 11 (0.67%) Data Quality
7 10 (0.60%) COBIT
7 10 (0.60%) Dodd-Frank
7 10 (0.60%) EMIR
8 7 (0.42%) NIST
9 5 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.30%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.18%) GRC
11 2 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.12%) PMO
12 1 (0.060%) HL7
12 1 (0.060%) ISO 9000
12 1 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 195 (11.80%) Docker
2 92 (5.57%) Active Directory
3 75 (4.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 57 (3.45%) HDFS
5 24 (1.45%) Oracle RAC
6 18 (1.09%) NFS
7 14 (0.85%) VMware ESXi
8 13 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.79%) vSphere
9 11 (0.67%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 8 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (0.42%) Hyper-V
12 6 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.36%) Ceph
12 6 (0.36%) GPFS
13 5 (0.30%) KVM
13 5 (0.30%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 5 (0.30%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 5 (0.30%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 4 (0.24%) RACF
Systems Management
1 271 (16.39%) Ansible
2 186 (11.25%) Kubernetes
3 132 (7.99%) Terraform
4 73 (4.42%) Puppet
5 40 (2.42%) ITRS Geneos
6 34 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
7 33 (2.00%) BladeLogic
8 31 (1.88%) Prometheus
9 29 (1.75%) Grafana
10 27 (1.63%) Kibana
11 22 (1.33%) Single Sign-On
12 21 (1.27%) Oracle RMAN
12 21 (1.27%) SCCM
13 19 (1.15%) Packer
14 18 (1.09%) Tivoli
15 17 (1.03%) Control-M
16 16 (0.97%) Oozie
17 15 (0.91%) Netcool
18 13 (0.79%) NetBackup
18 13 (0.79%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 559 (33.82%) Oracle
2 151 (9.13%) Microsoft
3 126 (7.62%) Informatica
4 108 (6.53%) VMware
5 98 (5.93%) Red Hat
6 87 (5.26%) webMethods
7 82 (4.96%) Splunk
8 77 (4.66%) IBM
9 71 (4.30%) BEA
10 58 (3.51%) Sybase
10 58 (3.51%) Talend
11 52 (3.15%) Google
12 47 (2.84%) ServiceNow
13 44 (2.66%) Cloudera
13 44 (2.66%) WSO2
14 43 (2.60%) Citrix
15 42 (2.54%) SAP
16 36 (2.18%) Atlassian
16 36 (2.18%) Cisco
17 35 (2.12%) HP