Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 92 96 69
Rank change year-on-year +4 -27 -16
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,090 1,294 3,012
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.61% 2.40% 3.41%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.61% 11.78% 16.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 747 822 1,898
10th Percentile £348 £319 £331
25th Percentile £410 £390 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% -4.95% -0.05%
75th Percentile £605 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £662 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £459 £475
% change year-on-year +8.99% -3.42% -3.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 16 38
10th Percentile £23.80 £16.00 £14.00
25th Percentile £34.25 £17.91 £14.33
Median hourly rate £41.00 £36.50 £32.00
Median % change year-on-year +12.33% +14.06% -
75th Percentile £54.69 £45.63 £43.94
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.63 £50.75
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £27.00 £35.50
% change year-on-year +55.56% -23.94% +10.94%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,983 10,983 17,945
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.75% 20.40% 20.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,602 7,167 11,683
10th Percentile £181 £143 £160
25th Percentile £325 £250 £317
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £438
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% -2.86% -
75th Percentile £539 £529 £538
90th Percentile £631 £613 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £420 £425
% change year-on-year +7.14% -1.18% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 857 1,017
10th Percentile £12.05 £11.61 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.00 £13.63 £13.00
Median hourly rate £18.00 £17.25 £17.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +1.47% +3.03%
75th Percentile £42.00 £21.50 £27.25
90th Percentile £54.10 £47.50 £48.16
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £16.95
% change year-on-year +2.86% +3.24% +3.67%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 578 £575 +9.52% 126
Midlands +14 167 £405 -5.37% 42
West Midlands +17 147 £405 -4.71% 33
North of England -6 114 £450 - 44
South East +14 105 £500 +17.65% 41
North West -19 56 £394 -10.00% 21
South West +41 47 £500 +17.65% 16
North East +41 33 £450 +2.86% 10
East of England +10 32 £438 +9.38% 20
Yorkshire -14 25 £519 +9.21% 13
East Midlands +6 17 £419 -16.25% 9
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 621 (56.97%) Linux
2 418 (38.35%) SQL
3 402 (36.88%) Java
4 352 (32.29%) Oracle
5 327 (30.00%) Agile Software Development
6 252 (23.12%) Python
7 251 (23.03%) Windows
8 223 (20.46%) Git (software)
9 213 (19.54%) Docker
10 212 (19.45%) Finance
11 202 (18.53%) Shell Script
12 185 (16.97%) Kubernetes
13 171 (15.69%) AWS
14 161 (14.77%) Security Cleared
15 158 (14.50%) Spring
16 157 (14.40%) Scrum
17 153 (14.04%) Test Automation
18 150 (13.76%) Software Engineering
18 150 (13.76%) Banking
19 149 (13.67%) DevOps
19 149 (13.67%) Problem-Solving
20 145 (13.30%) PL/SQL
21 139 (12.75%) Azure
22 136 (12.48%) Jenkins
23 132 (12.11%) Relational Database
23 132 (12.11%) SC Cleared
24 129 (11.83%) TDD
25 128 (11.74%) Configuration Management
26 120 (11.01%) Ansible
27 118 (10.83%) Perl

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (9.54%) WebLogic
2 66 (6.06%) Confluence
3 64 (5.87%) Mule
4 37 (3.39%) JBoss
5 36 (3.30%) Tomcat
6 35 (3.21%) Apache
7 31 (2.84%) WebSphere
8 29 (2.66%) SAS
9 20 (1.83%) Apache Spark
10 19 (1.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 17 (1.56%) Cloud Foundry
12 14 (1.28%) OpenStack
13 13 (1.19%) Red Hat Fuse
14 12 (1.10%) CMS
14 12 (1.10%) SharePoint
14 12 (1.10%) WebLogic Portal
15 11 (1.01%) Jetty
16 7 (0.64%) Elasticsearch
16 7 (0.64%) NetWeaver
16 7 (0.64%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 33 (3.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.83%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.73%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.18%) Siemens NX
7 1 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 28 (2.57%) Oracle EBS
2 19 (1.74%) Oracle Applications
3 13 (1.19%) SAP FI-CA
3 13 (1.19%) SAP PSCD
4 9 (0.83%) Magento
5 7 (0.64%) SAP HCM
6 6 (0.55%) assyst
7 5 (0.46%) ION MarketView
8 4 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
8 4 (0.37%) Sentinel
9 3 (0.28%) IntelliMatch
9 3 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
10 2 (0.18%) Eikon
10 2 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.18%) R3 Corda
10 2 (0.18%) Salerio
10 2 (0.18%) Shopify
11 1 (0.092%) Oracle ERP
11 1 (0.092%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 171 (15.69%) AWS
2 139 (12.75%) Azure
3 42 (3.85%) GCP
4 37 (3.39%) GitHub
5 34 (3.12%) Cloud Computing
6 29 (2.66%) OpenShift
7 28 (2.57%) IaaS
8 26 (2.39%) Microsoft 365
9 19 (1.74%) PaaS
10 17 (1.56%) Power Platform
11 14 (1.28%) AWS CloudFormation
12 13 (1.19%) SaaS
12 13 (1.19%) Serverless
13 10 (0.92%) NuGet
14 9 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
15 8 (0.73%) Amazon EKS
16 7 (0.64%) Amazon ECS
16 7 (0.64%) SuccessFactors
17 6 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
17 6 (0.55%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 61 (5.60%) Firewall
2 46 (4.22%) DNS
3 44 (4.04%) HTTP
4 43 (3.94%) SAN
5 41 (3.76%) TCP/IP
6 28 (2.57%) DHCP
7 24 (2.20%) Internet
7 24 (2.20%) WAN
8 21 (1.93%) SSL
9 20 (1.83%) VPN
10 19 (1.74%) LAN
11 17 (1.56%) HTTPS
11 17 (1.56%) Kerberos
12 15 (1.38%) NAS
13 13 (1.19%) Network Security
14 11 (1.01%) VLAN
15 10 (0.92%) Intrusion Detection
16 8 (0.73%) SMTP
16 8 (0.73%) VoIP
16 8 (0.73%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 132 (12.11%) Relational Database
2 95 (8.72%) SQL Server
3 89 (8.17%) Oracle Database
4 75 (6.88%) MySQL
5 66 (6.06%) Hadoop
6 45 (4.13%) MongoDB
6 45 (4.13%) NoSQL
7 41 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
8 34 (3.12%) Data Warehouse
8 34 (3.12%) Oracle Database 11g
9 32 (2.94%) DB2
10 31 (2.84%) Big Data
11 30 (2.75%) Pentaho
12 23 (2.11%) Apache Hive
13 21 (1.93%) MS Access
14 18 (1.65%) BusinessObjects
14 18 (1.65%) Oracle Database 12c
15 17 (1.56%) Power BI
16 15 (1.38%) Oracle Database 10g
17 14 (1.28%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 223 (20.46%) Git (software)
2 136 (12.48%) Jenkins
3 111 (10.18%) JIRA
4 75 (6.88%) Maven
5 61 (5.60%) Subversion
6 51 (4.68%) Bitbucket
6 51 (4.68%) Cucumber
7 50 (4.59%) CA Gen
8 35 (3.21%) GitLab
8 35 (3.21%) JUnit
9 32 (2.94%) Selenium
10 25 (2.29%) Artifactory
10 25 (2.29%) Mockito
11 24 (2.20%) TeamCity
12 23 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 22 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
14 21 (1.93%) Gatling
15 20 (1.83%) Postman
15 20 (1.83%) SoapUI
16 13 (1.19%) jMock
General
1 212 (19.45%) Finance
2 150 (13.76%) Banking
3 101 (9.27%) Front Office
4 91 (8.35%) Public Sector
5 63 (5.78%) Investment Banking
6 42 (3.85%) Telecoms
7 24 (2.20%) Back Office
8 19 (1.74%) Marketing
9 16 (1.47%) Retail
10 13 (1.19%) Manufacturing
11 10 (0.92%) Electronics
12 8 (0.73%) Law
13 7 (0.64%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.64%) Publishing
14 4 (0.37%) French Language
14 4 (0.37%) Games
14 4 (0.37%) Local Government
14 4 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.28%) Legal
16 2 (0.18%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 348 (31.93%) Developer
2 169 (15.50%) Java Developer
3 82 (7.52%) Analyst
4 62 (5.69%) Senior Developer
5 55 (5.05%) Software Engineer
6 53 (4.86%) Consultant
7 48 (4.40%) DevOps Engineer
7 48 (4.40%) Integration Developer
8 45 (4.13%) Administrator
9 44 (4.04%) Architect
10 40 (3.67%) DBA
11 38 (3.49%) Data Engineer
12 37 (3.39%) Senior Java Developer
13 35 (3.21%) Oracle DBA
14 34 (3.12%) Unix Engineer
15 28 (2.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 27 (2.48%) C++ Developer
17 24 (2.20%) Test Analyst
18 21 (1.93%) Systems Administrator
19 20 (1.83%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 158 (14.50%) Spring
2 111 (10.18%) Middleware
3 100 (9.17%) XML
4 91 (8.35%) J2EE
4 91 (8.35%) REST
5 73 (6.70%) Apache Camel
6 72 (6.61%) JSON
7 69 (6.33%) RESTful
7 69 (6.33%) Web Services
8 60 (5.50%) HTML
9 59 (5.41%) Spring Integration
10 53 (4.86%) Kafka
11 51 (4.68%) Hibernate
12 44 (4.04%) CSS
13 37 (3.39%) Spring Boot
14 34 (3.12%) FIX Protocol
15 32 (2.94%) .NET
16 31 (2.84%) SOAP
17 30 (2.75%) Node.js
18 27 (2.48%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 72 (6.61%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (4.31%) Management Information System
3 40 (3.67%) Data Centre
4 39 (3.58%) Clustering
5 30 (2.75%) Equities
5 30 (2.75%) Fixed Income
5 30 (2.75%) Linux Command Line
6 29 (2.66%) Data Structures
7 27 (2.48%) User Experience
8 25 (2.29%) SWIFT
9 23 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 21 (1.93%) Algorithms
11 19 (1.74%) Public Cloud
12 16 (1.47%) Derivative
12 16 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
13 14 (1.28%) PKI
14 13 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
15 11 (1.01%) Client/Server
15 11 (1.01%) CMDB
15 11 (1.01%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 621 (56.97%) Linux
2 251 (23.03%) Windows
3 78 (7.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 70 (6.42%) AIX
5 41 (3.76%) Mac OS X
5 41 (3.76%) Windows Server
6 36 (3.30%) Solaris
7 14 (1.28%) Mac OS
8 11 (1.01%) Oracle Linux
8 11 (1.01%) SUSE
8 11 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (0.92%) HPUX
10 9 (0.83%) CentOS
10 9 (0.83%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.73%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.64%) Apple iOS
12 7 (0.64%) VMS
13 5 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.37%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 327 (30.00%) Agile Software Development
2 157 (14.40%) Scrum
3 153 (14.04%) Test Automation
4 150 (13.76%) Software Engineering
5 149 (13.67%) DevOps
5 149 (13.67%) Problem-Solving
6 129 (11.83%) TDD
7 128 (11.74%) Configuration Management
8 112 (10.28%) Microservices
9 100 (9.17%) OO
10 97 (8.90%) Process Improvement
11 95 (8.72%) Business Intelligence
12 91 (8.35%) Test Strategy
13 89 (8.17%) Data Modelling
14 87 (7.98%) BDD
15 83 (7.61%) Continuous Integration
16 81 (7.43%) Problem Management
17 76 (6.97%) Migration
18 74 (6.79%) Waterfall
19 70 (6.42%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 418 (38.35%) SQL
2 402 (36.88%) Java
3 252 (23.12%) Python
4 202 (18.53%) Shell Script
5 145 (13.30%) PL/SQL
6 118 (10.83%) Perl
7 94 (8.62%) JavaScript
8 77 (7.06%) PowerShell
9 63 (5.78%) Bash Shell
10 56 (5.14%) Java 8
11 54 (4.95%) C++
12 48 (4.40%) C
13 38 (3.49%) COBOL
14 37 (3.39%) Ruby
14 37 (3.39%) Scala
15 24 (2.20%) C#
16 20 (1.83%) VBA
17 19 (1.74%) Go
18 13 (1.19%) PHP
19 10 (0.92%) ES6
Qualifications
1 161 (14.77%) Security Cleared
2 132 (12.11%) SC Cleared
3 73 (6.70%) Degree
4 25 (2.29%) ISEB
5 24 (2.20%) ISTQB
5 24 (2.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 20 (1.83%) CISSP
7 19 (1.74%) Cisco Certification
7 19 (1.74%) DV Cleared
8 16 (1.47%) CISM
9 14 (1.28%) GIAC
10 13 (1.19%) CCNA
11 11 (1.01%) CCNP
11 11 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
11 11 (1.01%) RHCE
12 8 (0.73%) AWS Certification
12 8 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
12 8 (0.73%) CompTIA Security+
13 7 (0.64%) RHCSA
13 7 (0.64%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (5.32%) QA
2 19 (1.74%) GDPR
2 19 (1.74%) SLA
3 10 (0.92%) COBIT
3 10 (0.92%) NIST
4 9 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.83%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.64%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.55%) WCAG
7 5 (0.46%) PMO
7 5 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.28%) COREP
8 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.28%) HIPAA
8 3 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.28%) RMADS
9 2 (0.18%) FINREP
9 2 (0.18%) ISO 15022
9 2 (0.18%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.18%) SEPA
System Software
1 213 (19.54%) Docker
2 60 (5.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 55 (5.05%) Active Directory
4 23 (2.11%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (1.93%) Oracle RAC
6 20 (1.83%) Hyper-V
7 14 (1.28%) VMware ESXi
8 13 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 12 (1.10%) NFS
9 12 (1.10%) vSphere
10 11 (1.01%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 10 (0.92%) HDFS
12 9 (0.83%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 6 (0.55%) GPFS
13 6 (0.55%) PowerHA
13 6 (0.55%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 6 (0.55%) VMware NSX
14 5 (0.46%) Firmware
14 5 (0.46%) Oracle Clusterware
15 4 (0.37%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 185 (16.97%) Kubernetes
2 120 (11.01%) Ansible
3 76 (6.97%) Puppet
4 58 (5.32%) Terraform
5 54 (4.95%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (2.29%) Oracle RMAN
7 20 (1.83%) Grafana
7 20 (1.83%) Prometheus
8 16 (1.47%) Tivoli
9 13 (1.19%) Data Guard
10 12 (1.10%) Salt
11 10 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.92%) Istio
11 10 (0.92%) NetBackup
12 9 (0.83%) Control-M
12 9 (0.83%) SCCM
13 8 (0.73%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 8 (0.73%) SELinux
13 8 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.73%) vRealize
Vendors
1 352 (32.29%) Oracle
2 101 (9.27%) Microsoft
3 96 (8.81%) Red Hat
4 93 (8.53%) VMware
5 69 (6.33%) webMethods
6 59 (5.41%) IBM
7 58 (5.32%) BEA
8 55 (5.05%) SAP
9 54 (4.95%) Google
10 50 (4.59%) Informatica
11 40 (3.67%) Pega
12 37 (3.39%) Splunk
13 30 (2.75%) Cisco
14 27 (2.48%) Veritas
15 24 (2.20%) Sybase
16 23 (2.11%) HP
17 22 (2.02%) Citrix
18 21 (1.93%) Talend
19 20 (1.83%) ServiceNow
20 17 (1.56%) EMC