Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 60 44 34
Rank change year-on-year -16 -10 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,714 4,332 5,172
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.95% 4.77% 5.22%
As % of the Operating Systems category 18.94% 23.17% 23.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,375 2,709 3,331
England median daily rate £500 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% -0.58%
10th Percentile £323 £313 £283
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +8.33% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 70 46
England median hourly rate £28.75 £29.50 £33.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.54% -12.79% -8.16%
10th Percentile £15.03 £13.74 £13.63
90th Percentile £51.15 £45.43 £58.13
UK median hourly rate £28.75 £29.50 £32.66
% change year-on-year -2.54% -9.66% -11.74%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,609 18,700 21,731
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.83% 20.60% 21.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,235 11,856 13,974
England median daily rate £438 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.66% +5.81%
10th Percentile £175 £190 £213
90th Percentile £613 £594 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,408 1,119 1,131
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.63
90th Percentile £47.50 £48.00 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% +1.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 1,990 £540 +2.86% 284
South East -11 685 £450 +2.86% 125
North of England -29 403 £401 -3.49% 110
Midlands -1 306 £400 +3.23% 63
West Midlands +5 210 £425 -9.33% 37
North West -20 203 £407 -4.35% 54
East of England -12 198 £450 - 58
Yorkshire -12 150 £400 -8.05% 44
South West -22 126 £444 +10.80% 56
East Midlands -4 93 £400 +10.34% 26
North East -40 51 £450 +20.00% 12
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,144 (57.73%) Linux
2 1,313 (35.35%) Java
3 1,223 (32.93%) SQL
4 1,151 (30.99%) Agile Software Development
5 1,073 (28.89%) Oracle
6 1,058 (28.49%) Windows
7 890 (23.96%) Python
8 820 (22.08%) Finance
9 699 (18.82%) Git (software)
10 686 (18.47%) DevOps
11 659 (17.74%) Amazon AWS
12 639 (17.21%) Jenkins
13 597 (16.07%) Shell Script
14 529 (14.24%) Test Automation
15 526 (14.16%) Ansible
16 501 (13.49%) Banking
17 464 (12.49%) Relational Database
18 459 (12.36%) Docker
19 449 (12.09%) Puppet
20 416 (11.20%) Perl
21 390 (10.50%) TDD
21 390 (10.50%) Continuous Integration
22 387 (10.42%) XML
23 386 (10.39%) Security Cleared
24 385 (10.37%) SQL Server
25 384 (10.34%) JIRA
26 383 (10.31%) Configuration Management
27 373 (10.04%) Scrum
28 372 (10.02%) JavaScript
28 372 (10.02%) Spring

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 353 (9.50%) Apache
2 251 (6.76%) Confluence
3 247 (6.65%) WebLogic
4 163 (4.39%) JBoss
5 155 (4.17%) WebSphere
6 151 (4.07%) Apache Spark
7 124 (3.34%) Tomcat
8 106 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
9 101 (2.72%) IIS
10 66 (1.78%) nginx
11 61 (1.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 60 (1.62%) WildFly
13 50 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
14 48 (1.29%) SharePoint
15 47 (1.27%) SAS
16 37 (1.00%) Mule
17 36 (0.97%) WebSphere Application Server
18 35 (0.94%) MS Exchange
19 29 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
20 26 (0.70%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 106 (2.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 80 (2.15%) Microsoft Office
2 80 (2.15%) MS Visio
3 29 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
4 25 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.16%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.11%) Windchill
7 3 (0.081%) HipChat
8 1 (0.027%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.027%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.027%) CATIA
8 1 (0.027%) Mozilla Thunderbird
8 1 (0.027%) Shockwave
8 1 (0.027%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.027%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 42 (1.13%) Remedy ITSM
2 28 (0.75%) Oracle EBS
3 26 (0.70%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 22 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
5 21 (0.57%) ION MarketView
6 20 (0.54%) Actimize
7 14 (0.38%) Temenos T24
8 10 (0.27%) Magento
8 10 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
8 10 (0.27%) Sonata
9 8 (0.22%) HiPortfolio
9 8 (0.22%) SAP FI-CA
9 8 (0.22%) SAP PSCD
10 7 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
10 7 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
10 7 (0.19%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 7 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
10 7 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
10 7 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
10 7 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 659 (17.74%) Amazon AWS
2 204 (5.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 164 (4.42%) Amazon EC2
4 149 (4.01%) GitHub
5 140 (3.77%) Amazon S3
6 107 (2.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 96 (2.58%) Serverless
8 91 (2.45%) AWS Lambda
9 81 (2.18%) PaaS
10 74 (1.99%) Google Cloud Platform
11 64 (1.72%) IaaS
12 50 (1.35%) Route 53
13 49 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 48 (1.29%) AWS CloudFormation
15 34 (0.92%) CloudFront
16 33 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
16 33 (0.89%) SaaS
17 28 (0.75%) Amazon EMR
17 28 (0.75%) Office 365
18 24 (0.65%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 289 (7.78%) Firewall
2 241 (6.49%) TCP/IP
3 224 (6.03%) HTTP
4 199 (5.36%) SAN
5 172 (4.63%) DNS
6 142 (3.82%) SSL
7 119 (3.20%) Internet
8 85 (2.29%) LAN
9 79 (2.13%) Network Security
10 78 (2.10%) WAN
11 69 (1.86%) VPN
12 58 (1.56%) Kerberos
13 52 (1.40%) SSH
14 51 (1.37%) SNMP
15 44 (1.18%) NAS
16 40 (1.08%) SMS
17 36 (0.97%) OSPF
18 31 (0.83%) BGP
19 30 (0.81%) BIG-IP
19 30 (0.81%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 464 (12.49%) Relational Database
2 385 (10.37%) SQL Server
3 267 (7.19%) Hadoop
4 249 (6.70%) Big Data
5 243 (6.54%) MySQL
6 240 (6.46%) Oracle Database
7 190 (5.12%) MongoDB
7 190 (5.12%) PostgreSQL
8 183 (4.93%) NoSQL
9 179 (4.82%) RDBMS
10 144 (3.88%) Apache Hive
11 139 (3.74%) Data Warehouse
12 109 (2.93%) DB2
13 94 (2.53%) HBase
14 85 (2.29%) Oracle Database 11g
15 66 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
16 56 (1.51%) Sqoop
17 55 (1.48%) Oracle Reports
18 54 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
18 54 (1.45%) Impala
Development Applications
1 699 (18.82%) Git (software)
2 639 (17.21%) Jenkins
3 384 (10.34%) JIRA
4 264 (7.11%) Maven
5 214 (5.76%) Cucumber
5 214 (5.76%) JUnit
6 185 (4.98%) Subversion
7 175 (4.71%) Selenium
8 149 (4.01%) Mockito
9 101 (2.72%) Artifactory
10 100 (2.69%) Bitbucket
11 90 (2.42%) Eclipse
12 85 (2.29%) Gradle
13 76 (2.05%) TeamCity
14 75 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
15 72 (1.94%) Toad
15 72 (1.94%) Vagrant
16 69 (1.86%) IntelliJ
17 64 (1.72%) SonarQube
18 61 (1.64%) Checkstyle
General
1 820 (22.08%) Finance
2 501 (13.49%) Banking
3 198 (5.33%) Investment Banking
4 191 (5.14%) Front Office
5 114 (3.07%) Retail
6 94 (2.53%) Telecoms
7 54 (1.45%) Financial Institution
8 52 (1.40%) Back Office
9 36 (0.97%) Marketing
10 34 (0.92%) Manufacturing
11 29 (0.78%) Publishing
12 28 (0.75%) Advertising
13 17 (0.46%) Games
13 17 (0.46%) Legal
14 16 (0.43%) Law
15 14 (0.38%) Spanish Language
16 12 (0.32%) Automotive
17 11 (0.30%) Electronics
18 10 (0.27%) Retail Banking
19 9 (0.24%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,104 (29.73%) Developer
2 480 (12.92%) Java Developer
3 426 (11.47%) Analyst
4 309 (8.32%) DevOps Engineer
5 247 (6.65%) Administrator
6 243 (6.54%) Architect
7 153 (4.12%) Support Analyst
8 152 (4.09%) Linux Engineer
9 148 (3.98%) Systems Administrator
10 134 (3.61%) Senior Developer
11 130 (3.50%) Consultant
12 125 (3.37%) Unix Engineer
13 123 (3.31%) AWS Engineer
14 109 (2.93%) Test Analyst
15 98 (2.64%) AWS DevOps
15 98 (2.64%) DBA
16 97 (2.61%) Unix Administrator
17 92 (2.48%) Senior Java Developer
18 91 (2.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 90 (2.42%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 387 (10.42%) XML
2 372 (10.02%) Spring
3 339 (9.13%) Middleware
4 338 (9.10%) REST
5 326 (8.78%) Web Services
6 310 (8.35%) HTML
7 274 (7.38%) J2EE
8 241 (6.49%) RESTful
9 201 (5.41%) CSS
10 185 (4.98%) Hibernate
11 184 (4.95%) JSON
12 174 (4.68%) Kafka
13 168 (4.52%) Node.js
14 164 (4.42%) SOAP
15 142 (3.82%) JMS
16 121 (3.26%) AngularJS
17 120 (3.23%) Java EE
18 119 (3.20%) LDAP
19 112 (3.02%) RabbitMQ
20 111 (2.99%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 320 (8.62%) Analytical Skills
2 259 (6.97%) Linux Command Line
3 154 (4.15%) Data Centre
4 150 (4.04%) Computer Science
5 126 (3.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 100 (2.69%) Mainframe
7 96 (2.58%) Management Information System
8 94 (2.53%) Fixed Income
9 86 (2.32%) Algorithms
10 82 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
11 71 (1.91%) Data Structures
12 68 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
13 65 (1.75%) Fintech
14 62 (1.67%) Clustering
15 60 (1.62%) Replication
15 60 (1.62%) Wiki
16 56 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
17 48 (1.29%) Virtual Team
18 47 (1.27%) Derivative
19 46 (1.24%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 2,144 (57.73%) Linux
2 1,058 (28.49%) Windows
3 371 (9.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 340 (9.15%) Solaris
5 198 (5.33%) Windows Server
6 152 (4.09%) AIX
7 106 (2.85%) CentOS
8 82 (2.21%) Ubuntu
9 71 (1.91%) Mac OS X
10 61 (1.64%) Windows Server 2012
11 59 (1.59%) VMS
12 47 (1.27%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 47 (1.27%) Windows Server 2008
13 41 (1.10%) Windows XP
14 40 (1.08%) Apple iOS
15 39 (1.05%) Windows 7
16 38 (1.02%) zOS
17 34 (0.92%) HPUX
17 34 (0.92%) SUSE
18 29 (0.78%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,151 (30.99%) Agile Software Development
2 686 (18.47%) DevOps
3 529 (14.24%) Test Automation
4 390 (10.50%) Continuous Integration
4 390 (10.50%) TDD
5 383 (10.31%) Configuration Management
6 373 (10.04%) Scrum
7 357 (9.61%) Problem-Solving
8 313 (8.43%) OO
9 283 (7.62%) ITIL
10 262 (7.05%) Migration
11 261 (7.03%) BDD
12 251 (6.76%) Microservices
13 231 (6.22%) Open Source
14 225 (6.06%) ETL
15 209 (5.63%) SDLC
16 184 (4.95%) Analytics
17 177 (4.77%) Software Engineering
18 174 (4.68%) Performance Tuning
19 159 (4.28%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 1,313 (35.35%) Java
2 1,223 (32.93%) SQL
3 890 (23.96%) Python
4 597 (16.07%) Shell Script
5 416 (11.20%) Perl
6 372 (10.02%) JavaScript
7 345 (9.29%) Bash Shell
8 259 (6.97%) PL/SQL
9 200 (5.39%) Java 8
10 188 (5.06%) Ruby
11 184 (4.95%) C++
12 152 (4.09%) PowerShell
13 148 (3.98%) Scala
14 131 (3.53%) C
15 125 (3.37%) Korn
16 118 (3.18%) C#
17 90 (2.42%) PHP
18 89 (2.40%) Groovy
19 53 (1.43%) JPQL
20 45 (1.21%) Go
Qualifications
1 386 (10.39%) Security Cleared
2 308 (8.29%) SC Cleared
3 225 (6.06%) Degree
4 102 (2.75%) ISTQB
5 95 (2.56%) ISEB
6 87 (2.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 80 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
8 71 (1.91%) Cisco Certification
9 49 (1.32%) CCNA
9 49 (1.32%) CISSP
10 36 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
11 33 (0.89%) CISM
11 33 (0.89%) DV Cleared
12 31 (0.83%) AWS Certification
13 27 (0.73%) CCNP
14 26 (0.70%) MCSE
15 19 (0.51%) RHCE
16 16 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
16 16 (0.43%) MCSA
17 15 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (3.42%) QA
2 87 (2.34%) SLA
3 36 (0.97%) Data Quality
4 27 (0.73%) PCI DSS
5 26 (0.70%) GCP
6 22 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 16 (0.43%) PMO
8 15 (0.40%) GDPR
9 11 (0.30%) MiFID
10 7 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.13%) EMIR
11 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 4 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 4 (0.11%) COBIT
12 4 (0.11%) SEPA
12 4 (0.11%) TARGET2
13 3 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.081%) Dodd-Frank
13 3 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 459 (12.36%) Docker
2 206 (5.55%) Active Directory
3 201 (5.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 118 (3.18%) HDFS
5 57 (1.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 56 (1.51%) Oracle RAC
7 51 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
8 47 (1.27%) vSphere
9 46 (1.24%) NFS
10 42 (1.13%) Hyper-V
10 42 (1.13%) Virtual Servers
11 37 (1.00%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 36 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
13 18 (0.48%) Firmware
13 18 (0.48%) XenApp
14 17 (0.46%) KVM
15 16 (0.43%) Apache Flume
15 16 (0.43%) etcd
15 16 (0.43%) flannel
16 15 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 526 (14.16%) Ansible
2 449 (12.09%) Puppet
3 343 (9.24%) Opscode Chef
4 225 (6.06%) Kubernetes
5 205 (5.52%) Terraform
6 119 (3.20%) Hadoop YARN
7 59 (1.59%) Grafana
8 56 (1.51%) NetBackup
9 52 (1.40%) Kibana
10 47 (1.27%) Nagios
10 47 (1.27%) SCCM
11 44 (1.18%) logstash
12 42 (1.13%) BladeLogic
13 40 (1.08%) Data Guard
13 40 (1.08%) Salt
14 39 (1.05%) Prometheus
14 39 (1.05%) Tivoli
15 33 (0.89%) SCOM
16 30 (0.81%) ITRS Geneos
17 28 (0.75%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 1,073 (28.89%) Oracle
2 369 (9.94%) Red Hat
3 315 (8.48%) VMware
4 281 (7.57%) IBM
5 275 (7.40%) Microsoft
6 138 (3.72%) HP
7 133 (3.58%) Cisco
8 130 (3.50%) Splunk
9 127 (3.42%) webMethods
10 112 (3.02%) Google
11 99 (2.67%) Citrix
12 94 (2.53%) SAP
13 93 (2.50%) Remedy
14 85 (2.29%) Sybase
15 77 (2.07%) NetApp
16 75 (2.02%) Cloudera
17 73 (1.97%) Atlassian
17 73 (1.97%) Veritas
18 67 (1.80%) CA
19 65 (1.75%) Informatica