Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 88 60 47
Rank change year-on-year -28 -13 -12
Contract jobs citing Unix 2,067 3,729 4,286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.67% 3.95% 4.69%
As % of the Operating Systems category 13.11% 18.85% 22.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,264 2,368 2,695
England median daily rate £485 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.00% +5.26% +10.47%
10th Percentile £314 £319 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £485 £472
% change year-on-year +0.52% +2.68% +11.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 49 73
England median hourly rate £38.49 £35.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.96% +16.67% -7.69%
10th Percentile £17.53 £15.20 £13.82
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £35.25 £35.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year +0.71% +20.69% -10.77%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 15,772 19,781 18,981
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.37% 20.95% 20.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,944 12,307 12,128
England median daily rate £425 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +3.66%
10th Percentile £150 £168 £180
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,054 1,386 1,144
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.24 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £50.60 £47.50 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.46 £17.50
% change year-on-year +0.21% -0.21% +6.06%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in England

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in England

Unix
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -32 994 £525 - 203
South East -34 356 £465 +5.08% 117
North of England -3 266 £450 +12.43% 82
East of England -2 159 £420 -6.67% 37
South West -16 148 £475 +9.20% 69
Midlands -32 139 £410 +2.50% 50
North West -27 131 £450 +8.43% 41
Yorkshire +5 115 £468 +24.67% 35
West Midlands -28 103 £400 - 43
East Midlands -11 35 £513 +33.12% 7
North East -16 20 £498 +4.74% 6
Unix
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,250 (60.47%) Linux
2 690 (33.38%) SQL
3 659 (31.88%) Agile Software Development
4 657 (31.79%) Java
5 630 (30.48%) Oracle
6 544 (26.32%) Python
7 542 (26.22%) Windows
8 438 (21.19%) DevOps
9 420 (20.32%) Finance
10 368 (17.80%) AWS
11 344 (16.64%) Shell Script
12 329 (15.92%) Git (software)
13 307 (14.85%) Jenkins
14 292 (14.13%) Docker
15 277 (13.40%) Test Automation
16 275 (13.30%) Security Cleared
17 251 (12.14%) Azure
18 249 (12.05%) JIRA
18 249 (12.05%) JavaScript
19 244 (11.80%) Ansible
20 243 (11.76%) TDD
21 235 (11.37%) Continuous Integration
22 221 (10.69%) Perl
23 219 (10.60%) Banking
24 217 (10.50%) Oracle Database
25 208 (10.06%) Migration
26 207 (10.01%) Analytical Skills
27 206 (9.97%) SC Cleared
28 204 (9.87%) Problem-Solving
29 198 (9.58%) Microsoft

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (7.16%) Confluence
2 141 (6.82%) Apache
3 91 (4.40%) Apache Spark
4 87 (4.21%) WebLogic
5 75 (3.63%) JBoss
6 61 (2.95%) Tomcat
7 45 (2.18%) IIS
7 45 (2.18%) WebSphere
8 39 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
9 36 (1.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 29 (1.40%) OpenStack
10 29 (1.40%) SAS
11 27 (1.31%) nginx
12 23 (1.11%) MS Exchange
13 18 (0.87%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.68%) WebSphere Application Server
15 12 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
16 10 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 10 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.48%) iPlanet
Applications
1 40 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (0.77%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.048%) Abaqus
6 1 (0.048%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.048%) Notepad++
6 1 (0.048%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 31 (1.50%) BusinessWorks
2 22 (1.06%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 12 (0.58%) assyst
3 12 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
4 11 (0.53%) CSG Singleview
4 11 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
4 11 (0.53%) Oracle Payables
5 10 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
5 10 (0.48%) Sonata
6 9 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
6 9 (0.44%) Oracle General Ledger
6 9 (0.44%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 9 (0.44%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 9 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
6 9 (0.44%) Remedy ITSM
7 8 (0.39%) Oracle Assets
8 7 (0.34%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 6 (0.29%) Oracle FAH
9 6 (0.29%) Oracle iProcurement
10 5 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 368 (17.80%) AWS
2 251 (12.14%) Azure
3 132 (6.39%) GitHub
4 69 (3.34%) Amazon S3
5 68 (3.29%) PaaS
6 65 (3.14%) Amazon EC2
7 63 (3.05%) GCP
8 55 (2.66%) Serverless
9 46 (2.23%) SaaS
10 44 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
11 42 (2.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 40 (1.94%) IaaS
12 40 (1.94%) Office 365
13 39 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 34 (1.64%) AWS CloudFormation
15 32 (1.55%) Amazon ECS
16 30 (1.45%) Route 53
17 27 (1.31%) OpenShift
18 20 (0.97%) CloudFront
19 19 (0.92%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 120 (5.81%) Firewall
2 107 (5.18%) TCP/IP
3 93 (4.50%) HTTP
4 86 (4.16%) DNS
5 72 (3.48%) SAN
6 64 (3.10%) WAN
7 57 (2.76%) LAN
8 43 (2.08%) VPN
9 39 (1.89%) Internet
10 36 (1.74%) SSL
11 34 (1.64%) HTTPS
12 32 (1.55%) BGP
12 32 (1.55%) OSPF
13 31 (1.50%) DHCP
13 31 (1.50%) Network Security
14 28 (1.35%) Intrusion Detection
15 26 (1.26%) Cisco IOS
16 25 (1.21%) MPLS
16 25 (1.21%) Wireless
17 22 (1.06%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 217 (10.50%) Oracle Database
2 170 (8.22%) SQL Server
3 146 (7.06%) Relational Database
4 139 (6.72%) MySQL
5 130 (6.29%) Hadoop
6 127 (6.14%) MongoDB
7 122 (5.90%) Big Data
8 88 (4.26%) RDBMS
9 78 (3.77%) NoSQL
10 77 (3.73%) Data Warehouse
11 70 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
12 64 (3.10%) Apache Hive
13 63 (3.05%) Oracle Database 12c
14 62 (3.00%) Oracle Database 11g
15 55 (2.66%) HBase
16 48 (2.32%) DB2
17 42 (2.03%) Amazon RDS
18 26 (1.26%) Oracle Database 10g
19 25 (1.21%) Impala
19 25 (1.21%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 329 (15.92%) Git (software)
2 307 (14.85%) Jenkins
3 249 (12.05%) JIRA
4 95 (4.60%) JUnit
5 86 (4.16%) Cucumber
6 81 (3.92%) Selenium
7 66 (3.19%) Maven
8 55 (2.66%) Mockito
9 53 (2.56%) GitLab
10 49 (2.37%) Subversion
11 42 (2.03%) Bitbucket
12 38 (1.84%) Eclipse
12 38 (1.84%) TeamCity
13 37 (1.79%) Ant
14 35 (1.69%) Artifactory
15 34 (1.64%) Gatling
16 31 (1.50%) SonarQube
17 29 (1.40%) SoapUI
18 27 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 27 (1.31%) IntelliJ
General
1 420 (20.32%) Finance
2 219 (10.60%) Banking
3 74 (3.58%) Public Sector
4 73 (3.53%) Investment Banking
5 61 (2.95%) Telecoms
6 53 (2.56%) Front Office
7 43 (2.08%) Retail
8 40 (1.94%) Legal
9 30 (1.45%) Games
10 25 (1.21%) Financial Institution
11 19 (0.92%) Law
12 17 (0.82%) Back Office
13 13 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 12 (0.58%) Billing
15 11 (0.53%) Manufacturing
15 11 (0.53%) Publishing
16 9 (0.44%) Marketing
17 7 (0.34%) Electronics
17 7 (0.34%) International Banking
18 6 (0.29%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 554 (26.80%) Developer
2 199 (9.63%) Analyst
3 183 (8.85%) Java Developer
4 139 (6.72%) Administrator
5 138 (6.68%) DevOps Engineer
6 137 (6.63%) Architect
7 98 (4.74%) Consultant
8 92 (4.45%) DBA
9 77 (3.73%) Senior Developer
10 73 (3.53%) Support Analyst
11 72 (3.48%) Software Engineer
12 69 (3.34%) Unix Engineer
13 68 (3.29%) AWS Engineer
13 68 (3.29%) Oracle DBA
14 56 (2.71%) Linux Engineer
15 49 (2.37%) Support Engineer
16 48 (2.32%) C++ Developer
17 45 (2.18%) AWS DevOps
18 44 (2.13%) Systems Administrator
19 43 (2.08%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (8.13%) Spring
2 151 (7.31%) XML
3 130 (6.29%) Web Services
4 129 (6.24%) HTML
5 116 (5.61%) Node.js
6 99 (4.79%) CSS
7 95 (4.60%) Middleware
8 89 (4.31%) JSON
9 88 (4.26%) SOAP
10 82 (3.97%) AngularJS
10 82 (3.97%) Kafka
10 82 (3.97%) RESTful
11 81 (3.92%) REST
12 79 (3.82%) J2EE
13 69 (3.34%) React
14 60 (2.90%) Spring Boot
15 55 (2.66%) LDAP
16 47 (2.27%) Hibernate
17 46 (2.23%) Elastic Stack
18 45 (2.18%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 207 (10.01%) Analytical Skills
2 109 (5.27%) Linux Command Line
3 70 (3.39%) Data Centre
4 65 (3.14%) Management Information System
5 60 (2.90%) Clustering
6 59 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
7 50 (2.42%) PKI
8 47 (2.27%) Equities
9 40 (1.94%) Replication
10 35 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 34 (1.64%) Mainframe
12 33 (1.60%) Data Structures
13 31 (1.50%) Derivative
14 30 (1.45%) Algorithms
15 26 (1.26%) Greenfield Project
16 25 (1.21%) Cloud Native
17 20 (0.97%) Client/Server
17 20 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
18 18 (0.87%) Public Cloud
19 16 (0.77%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,250 (60.47%) Linux
2 542 (26.22%) Windows
3 153 (7.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 139 (6.72%) Solaris
5 93 (4.50%) Windows Server
6 71 (3.43%) Mac OS X
7 67 (3.24%) AIX
8 60 (2.90%) CentOS
9 46 (2.23%) Mac OS
10 31 (1.50%) Ubuntu
11 27 (1.31%) Windows Server 2008
12 24 (1.16%) Windows Server 2012
13 18 (0.87%) Apple iOS
13 18 (0.87%) Windows 10
13 18 (0.87%) Windows Server 2003
14 17 (0.82%) HPUX
14 17 (0.82%) SUSE
15 15 (0.73%) Windows 7
15 15 (0.73%) zOS
16 11 (0.53%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 659 (31.88%) Agile Software Development
2 438 (21.19%) DevOps
3 277 (13.40%) Test Automation
4 243 (11.76%) TDD
5 235 (11.37%) Continuous Integration
6 208 (10.06%) Migration
7 204 (9.87%) Problem-Solving
8 183 (8.85%) Configuration Management
9 165 (7.98%) Scrum
10 155 (7.50%) Microservices
11 147 (7.11%) Software Engineering
12 141 (6.82%) ITIL
13 130 (6.29%) OO
14 119 (5.76%) BDD
15 117 (5.66%) Open Source
16 111 (5.37%) Change Management
17 109 (5.27%) ETL
18 108 (5.22%) Performance Tuning
19 107 (5.18%) SDLC
20 96 (4.64%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 690 (33.38%) SQL
2 657 (31.79%) Java
3 544 (26.32%) Python
4 344 (16.64%) Shell Script
5 249 (12.05%) JavaScript
6 221 (10.69%) Perl
7 168 (8.13%) PL/SQL
8 156 (7.55%) Bash Shell
9 142 (6.87%) C++
10 136 (6.58%) C
11 131 (6.34%) Ruby
12 114 (5.52%) PowerShell
13 98 (4.74%) Java 8
14 89 (4.31%) Scala
15 83 (4.02%) C#
16 46 (2.23%) Korn
17 39 (1.89%) Go
18 37 (1.79%) PHP
19 31 (1.50%) R
20 16 (0.77%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 275 (13.30%) Security Cleared
2 206 (9.97%) SC Cleared
3 114 (5.52%) Degree
4 69 (3.34%) DV Cleared
5 53 (2.56%) Cisco Certification
6 47 (2.27%) CISSP
7 43 (2.08%) ISEB
8 42 (2.03%) AWS Certification
9 36 (1.74%) CCNP
10 35 (1.69%) ISTQB
11 33 (1.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 28 (1.35%) CCNA
13 27 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
14 24 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
15 20 (0.97%) CCIE
16 18 (0.87%) CISM
16 18 (0.87%) ITIL Certification
17 13 (0.63%) IISP
18 12 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
18 12 (0.58%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (4.26%) QA
2 41 (1.98%) PCI DSS
3 37 (1.79%) SLA
4 20 (0.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 17 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.58%) Data Quality
7 10 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
7 10 (0.48%) GDPR
8 6 (0.29%) COBIT
8 6 (0.29%) MiFID
9 4 (0.19%) COREP
9 4 (0.19%) FINREP
9 4 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 3 (0.15%) NIST
10 3 (0.15%) WCAG
11 2 (0.097%) BS7799
11 2 (0.097%) CRD IV
11 2 (0.097%) HL7
11 2 (0.097%) ITGC
12 1 (0.048%) JSP 440
System Software
1 292 (14.13%) Docker
2 138 (6.68%) Active Directory
3 92 (4.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (2.85%) Oracle RAC
5 38 (1.84%) HDFS
6 32 (1.55%) Hyper-V
7 24 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
7 24 (1.16%) vSphere
8 20 (0.97%) VMware ESXi
9 11 (0.53%) Firmware
9 11 (0.53%) NFS
9 11 (0.53%) VirtualBox
10 10 (0.48%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 10 (0.48%) XenApp
11 9 (0.44%) Apache Flume
12 8 (0.39%) Samba
13 7 (0.34%) OCFS2
13 7 (0.34%) ProxySG
14 6 (0.29%) ISA Server
14 6 (0.29%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 244 (11.80%) Ansible
2 183 (8.85%) Kubernetes
3 134 (6.48%) Puppet
4 124 (6.00%) Terraform
5 93 (4.50%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (1.84%) Data Guard
7 34 (1.64%) Hadoop YARN
7 34 (1.64%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 30 (1.45%) Control-M
9 29 (1.40%) NetBackup
10 28 (1.35%) Oracle RMAN
11 27 (1.31%) Grafana
12 23 (1.11%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
13 20 (0.97%) Consul
13 20 (0.97%) Oozie
13 20 (0.97%) SCCM
14 19 (0.92%) Salt
15 17 (0.82%) Packer
16 16 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
17 15 (0.73%) Kibana
Vendors
1 630 (30.48%) Oracle
2 198 (9.58%) Microsoft
3 164 (7.93%) Red Hat
4 151 (7.31%) VMware
5 109 (5.27%) IBM
6 92 (4.45%) Cisco
7 84 (4.06%) Splunk
8 71 (3.43%) Atlassian
8 71 (3.43%) HP
8 71 (3.43%) Informatica
9 63 (3.05%) Google
10 59 (2.85%) SAP
11 51 (2.47%) Citrix
12 47 (2.27%) Sun
13 41 (1.98%) webMethods
14 39 (1.89%) Sybase
14 39 (1.89%) TIBCO
15 38 (1.84%) Dell
16 37 (1.79%) Remedy
17 33 (1.60%) CheckPoint