Period
to 31 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cloud Computing
UK > England
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 321 285 331
Rank change year-on-year -36 +46 +18
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Computing 1,030 702 1,312
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.02% 1.12% 0.99%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.36% 3.05% 3.23%
Number of salaries quoted 594 559 921
10th Percentile £37,000 £36,169 £36,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% -4.17% -4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +13.04% -4.17% -4.00%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 43,680 23,012 40,606
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 43.43% 36.76% 30.56%
Number of salaries quoted 31,456 19,206 33,635
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,358
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +3.77%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing in England.

Salary trend for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing in England over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Computing in England

Cloud Computing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the England region over the 6 months to 31 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -22 547 £75,000 +10.29% 69
South East -60 157 £65,000 +8.33% 30
North of England -73 128 £51,500 -3.74% 50
North West -54 77 £51,500 -6.36% 25
Midlands -57 63 £48,750 +8.33% 22
South West -76 51 £45,789 -16.75% 16
East of England -15 48 £48,000 -8.57% 10
Yorkshire -48 43 £45,000 - 18
West Midlands -50 43 £50,000 +14.29% 13
East Midlands -52 19 £30,000 -33.33% 9
North East -34 8 £80,000 +150.94% 7
Cloud Computing
UK

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 535 (51.94%) AWS
2 466 (45.24%) Agile Software Development
3 410 (39.81%) Azure
4 305 (29.61%) DevOps
5 291 (28.25%) Python
6 274 (26.60%) Kubernetes
7 264 (25.63%) Social Skills
8 239 (23.20%) Java
9 238 (23.11%) Docker
10 222 (21.55%) Microsoft
11 220 (21.36%) Software Engineering
12 207 (20.10%) SQL
13 198 (19.22%) Degree
14 183 (17.77%) Microservices
15 177 (17.18%) Full Stack Development
16 176 (17.09%) GCP
17 175 (16.99%) Web Services
18 166 (16.12%) JavaScript
18 166 (16.12%) Finance
19 160 (15.53%) Linux
20 159 (15.44%) Computer Science
21 156 (15.15%) Problem-Solving
22 153 (14.85%) React
23 149 (14.47%) Big Data
24 146 (14.17%) Continuous Integration
25 140 (13.59%) PaaS
26 135 (13.11%) Google
27 133 (12.91%) Node.js
28 128 (12.43%) REST
28 128 (12.43%) Analytics

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (3.01%) OpenStack
2 29 (2.82%) Apache Spark
3 28 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
4 27 (2.62%) Cloud Foundry
5 23 (2.23%) Apache
6 22 (2.14%) IIS
7 16 (1.55%) Apache Airflow
8 14 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 13 (1.26%) Tomcat
10 9 (0.87%) nginx
11 8 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
11 8 (0.78%) MS Exchange
11 8 (0.78%) Skype for Business
12 7 (0.68%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.58%) CMS
14 3 (0.29%) Confluence
15 2 (0.19%) JBoss
15 2 (0.19%) LiveCycle
15 2 (0.19%) Luigi
15 2 (0.19%) Mule
Applications
1 19 (1.84%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.58%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.39%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.39%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.19%) JDE OneWorld
3 2 (0.19%) Magento
3 2 (0.19%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.097%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.097%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 535 (51.94%) AWS
2 410 (39.81%) Azure
3 176 (17.09%) GCP
4 140 (13.59%) PaaS
5 119 (11.55%) IaaS
6 118 (11.46%) SaaS
7 117 (11.36%) Serverless
8 69 (6.70%) Microsoft 365
9 66 (6.41%) GitHub
10 49 (4.76%) Azure Service Bus
11 46 (4.47%) AWS Lambda
12 45 (4.37%) Azure Storage
13 36 (3.50%) Amazon S3
14 32 (3.11%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 29 (2.82%) Azure Data Factory
16 28 (2.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 27 (2.62%) Power Platform
18 26 (2.52%) AWS CloudFormation
18 26 (2.52%) IBM Cloud
19 25 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 95 (9.22%) Firewall
2 80 (7.77%) DNS
3 70 (6.80%) Internet
4 62 (6.02%) VPN
5 58 (5.63%) HTTP
6 51 (4.95%) TCP/IP
7 46 (4.47%) Network Security
8 32 (3.11%) BGP
9 24 (2.33%) IPsec
10 19 (1.84%) SAN
11 16 (1.55%) SMTP
12 15 (1.46%) DHCP
12 15 (1.46%) MPLS
13 13 (1.26%) WAN
14 12 (1.17%) VLAN
15 11 (1.07%) LAN
16 10 (0.97%) OSPF
17 9 (0.87%) Intrusion Detection
18 8 (0.78%) FTP
18 8 (0.78%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (14.47%) Big Data
2 121 (11.75%) NoSQL
3 71 (6.89%) SQL Server
4 67 (6.50%) MongoDB
5 62 (6.02%) MySQL
6 56 (5.44%) Relational Database
7 47 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
8 43 (4.17%) Hadoop
9 33 (3.20%) Data Warehouse
10 28 (2.72%) Amazon RDS
11 24 (2.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 21 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
13 19 (1.84%) Blockchain
14 18 (1.75%) Power BI
15 16 (1.55%) Amazon Aurora
15 16 (1.55%) Data Lake
16 12 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
16 12 (1.17%) Redis
17 11 (1.07%) BigQuery
17 11 (1.07%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 122 (11.84%) Jenkins
2 84 (8.16%) Git (software)
3 55 (5.34%) GitLab
4 53 (5.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 48 (4.66%) JIRA
6 34 (3.30%) Selenium
7 33 (3.20%) JMeter
8 25 (2.43%) JUnit
8 25 (2.43%) Visual Studio Team System
8 25 (2.43%) WebDriver
9 22 (2.14%) Team Foundation Server
10 20 (1.94%) webpack
11 15 (1.46%) Cypress.io
12 13 (1.26%) Bitbucket
13 6 (0.58%) CircleCI
13 6 (0.58%) Postman
13 6 (0.58%) SoapUI
13 6 (0.58%) Xcode
14 5 (0.49%) Gatling
14 5 (0.49%) The Grinder
General
1 264 (25.63%) Social Skills
2 166 (16.12%) Finance
3 101 (9.81%) Analytical Skills
4 55 (5.34%) Retail
5 48 (4.66%) Banking
5 48 (4.66%) Public Sector
6 40 (3.88%) Marketing
7 37 (3.59%) Law
8 28 (2.72%) Presentation Skills
9 26 (2.52%) Games
9 26 (2.52%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 26 (2.52%) Organisational Skills
10 25 (2.43%) Legal
11 21 (2.04%) Telecoms
12 15 (1.46%) Automotive
13 14 (1.36%) Influencing Skills
14 10 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
15 9 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
15 9 (0.87%) Manufacturing
16 8 (0.78%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 232 (22.52%) Developer
2 113 (10.97%) Architect
3 92 (8.93%) Software Engineer
4 65 (6.31%) Analyst
5 63 (6.12%) Full Stack Developer
6 62 (6.02%) DevOps Engineer
7 57 (5.53%) Cloud Engineer
8 55 (5.34%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 48 (4.66%) Consultant
10 47 (4.56%) Solutions Architect
11 46 (4.47%) Cloud Architect
12 35 (3.40%) Senior Developer
13 33 (3.20%) Lead Developer
14 29 (2.82%) Java Developer
15 28 (2.72%) Senior Software Engineer
16 27 (2.62%) Cloud Developer
17 26 (2.52%) Development Engineer
17 26 (2.52%) Infrastructure Manager
18 25 (2.43%) Security Engineer
19 24 (2.33%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (16.99%) Web Services
2 153 (14.85%) React
3 133 (12.91%) Node.js
4 128 (12.43%) REST
5 105 (10.19%) Kafka
6 97 (9.42%) .NET
7 85 (8.25%) RESTful
8 63 (6.12%) CSS
9 61 (5.92%) Spring
10 60 (5.83%) GraphQL
11 54 (5.24%) HTML
12 51 (4.95%) .NET Core
13 46 (4.47%) SOAP
14 45 (4.37%) JSON
15 44 (4.27%) AngularJS
16 42 (4.08%) RabbitMQ
17 39 (3.79%) Spring Boot
18 36 (3.50%) Apache Thrift
19 31 (3.01%) React Native
20 30 (2.91%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 85 (8.25%) User Experience
2 64 (6.21%) Data Centre
3 58 (5.63%) Algorithms
4 54 (5.24%) Mobile App
5 52 (5.05%) Management Information System
6 50 (4.85%) Public Cloud
7 48 (4.66%) Cloud Native
8 29 (2.82%) Hybrid Cloud
9 28 (2.72%) Data Structures
10 25 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
11 24 (2.33%) Virtual Team
12 22 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
13 18 (1.75%) Enterprise Cloud
14 17 (1.65%) NHS
15 15 (1.46%) Driving Licence
15 15 (1.46%) Social Media
16 13 (1.26%) Blog
17 10 (0.97%) Clustering
17 10 (0.97%) Derivative
17 10 (0.97%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 160 (15.53%) Linux
2 114 (11.07%) Windows
3 49 (4.76%) Windows Server
4 45 (4.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 43 (4.17%) Unix
6 28 (2.72%) Apple iOS
7 27 (2.62%) Android
7 27 (2.62%) Windows 10
8 25 (2.43%) CentOS
9 23 (2.23%) VMS
10 14 (1.36%) Fedora
10 14 (1.36%) SUSE
11 7 (0.68%) Solaris
12 6 (0.58%) Windows 7
12 6 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.49%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.49%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.49%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 466 (45.24%) Agile Software Development
2 305 (29.61%) DevOps
3 220 (21.36%) Software Engineering
4 183 (17.77%) Microservices
5 177 (17.18%) Full Stack Development
6 159 (15.44%) Computer Science
7 156 (15.15%) Problem-Solving
8 146 (14.17%) Continuous Integration
9 128 (12.43%) Analytics
10 126 (12.23%) Open Source
11 117 (11.36%) Machine Learning
12 116 (11.26%) OO
13 114 (11.07%) Infrastructure as Code
14 110 (10.68%) Mentoring
15 102 (9.90%) Test Automation
16 96 (9.32%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 88 (8.54%) Configuration Management
18 87 (8.45%) Load Balancing
19 85 (8.25%) Scrum
20 82 (7.96%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 291 (28.25%) Python
2 239 (23.20%) Java
3 207 (20.10%) SQL
4 166 (16.12%) JavaScript
5 84 (8.16%) C#
6 74 (7.18%) Ruby
7 72 (6.99%) Go
8 63 (6.12%) PowerShell
9 62 (6.02%) TypeScript
10 52 (5.05%) Bash Shell
11 47 (4.56%) C++
12 46 (4.47%) PHP
13 29 (2.82%) C
14 27 (2.62%) Scala
15 24 (2.33%) Kotlin
16 12 (1.17%) Dart
16 12 (1.17%) ES6
17 10 (0.97%) Apple Swift
17 10 (0.97%) Groovy
18 8 (0.78%) Perl
Qualifications
1 198 (19.22%) Degree
2 83 (8.06%) Computer Science Degree
3 72 (6.99%) Security Cleared
4 52 (5.05%) Master's Degree
5 43 (4.17%) SC Cleared
6 33 (3.20%) CISSP
7 32 (3.11%) CISM
8 25 (2.43%) AWS Certification
9 17 (1.65%) CISA
10 16 (1.55%) CEH
11 13 (1.26%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (1.26%) RHCE
11 13 (1.26%) RHCSA
12 12 (1.17%) Cisco Certification
13 10 (0.97%) MCSA
14 9 (0.87%) PhD
15 7 (0.68%) CRISC
15 7 (0.68%) SANS
16 6 (0.58%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
16 6 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (4.95%) QA
2 43 (4.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (2.43%) NIST
4 23 (2.23%) GDPR
5 21 (2.04%) SLA
6 19 (1.84%) Cyber Essentials
7 14 (1.36%) PCI DSS
8 11 (1.07%) GRC
9 8 (0.78%) COBIT
10 7 (0.68%) Accessibility
11 4 (0.39%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 4 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 4 (0.39%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.39%) ITGC
12 3 (0.29%) Data Quality
12 3 (0.29%) GxP
12 3 (0.29%) SOC 2
13 2 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.097%) JSP 440
14 1 (0.097%) RMADS
System Software
1 238 (23.11%) Docker
2 111 (10.78%) Active Directory
3 50 (4.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.46%) Hyper-V
5 11 (1.07%) KVM
6 8 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.78%) vSphere
7 6 (0.58%) Firmware
7 6 (0.58%) Virtual Desktop
7 6 (0.58%) XenDesktop
8 4 (0.39%) HDFS
8 4 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.39%) VMware NSX
9 3 (0.29%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.19%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.097%) Shibboleth
11 1 (0.097%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.097%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 274 (26.60%) Kubernetes
2 121 (11.75%) Terraform
3 78 (7.57%) Ansible
4 59 (5.73%) Puppet
5 50 (4.85%) Prometheus
6 39 (3.79%) Grafana
7 21 (2.04%) Rancher
8 20 (1.94%) Packer
9 19 (1.84%) Consul
9 19 (1.84%) FortiGate
10 17 (1.65%) SCCM
11 16 (1.55%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (1.46%) Graphite
13 9 (0.87%) Nessus
13 9 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
14 8 (0.78%) Nagios
14 8 (0.78%) vCenter Server
14 8 (0.78%) vRealize
15 7 (0.68%) Istio
15 7 (0.68%) Kibana
Vendors
1 222 (21.55%) Microsoft
2 135 (13.11%) Google
3 71 (6.89%) Oracle
4 54 (5.24%) VMware
5 40 (3.88%) IBM
6 37 (3.59%) Cisco
7 33 (3.20%) Red Hat
8 21 (2.04%) Meraki
8 21 (2.04%) ServiceNow
9 18 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
10 16 (1.55%) Fortinet
11 14 (1.36%) SolarWinds
12 13 (1.26%) SAP
12 13 (1.26%) Splunk
13 12 (1.17%) Citrix
14 10 (0.97%) Rackspace
15 8 (0.78%) Workday
15 8 (0.78%) Zend
16 6 (0.58%) Databricks
16 6 (0.58%) Stackify