Period
to 17 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 17 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 144 124 125
Rank change year-on-year -20 +1 +106
Contract jobs citing Data Science 913 761 1,715
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.84% 1.98% 2.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.09% 2.29% 2.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 618 468 1,196
10th Percentile £400 £400 £400
25th Percentile £463 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £625 £638 £613
90th Percentile £700 £738 £688
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £540
% change year-on-year +4.76% -2.78% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 18 13
10th Percentile £19.95 £17.83 £20.08
25th Percentile £23.56 £19.68 £21.00
Median hourly rate £29.87 £30.51 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.10% -12.84% +100.00%
75th Percentile £47.25 £53.19 £39.75
90th Percentile £57.63 £64.25 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £29.87 £25.00 £22.93
% change year-on-year +19.46% +9.03% +26.09%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 43,613 33,249 72,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 88.12% 86.30% 87.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,969 22,543 49,066
10th Percentile £313 £300 £306
25th Percentile £403 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,301 892 1,835
10th Percentile £11.75 £12.50 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.04 £15.90 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.35 £22.50 £22.83
Median % change year-on-year +8.22% -1.45% +8.71%
75th Percentile £46.50 £45.23 £45.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £22.67 £22.50
% change year-on-year +10.27% +0.77% +12.50%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Science in England.

Daily rate trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Science in England.

Hourly rate trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 17 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 622 £550 - 211
South East -22 92 £513 +7.89% 39
South West +56 56 £550 +13.40% 14
North of England -1 35 £475 +5.56% 38
Midlands -13 23 £525 +11.11% 19
North West -1 20 £544 +20.83% 19
East of England -25 20 £521 +11.20% 41
West Midlands -17 17 £500 +5.26% 8
Yorkshire -2 15 £428 -10.00% 14
East Midlands +5 6 £550 +46.67% 11
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 17 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 567 (62.10%) Python
2 365 (39.98%) Machine Learning
3 354 (38.77%) Analytics
4 349 (38.23%) SQL
5 271 (29.68%) Azure
6 245 (26.83%) Agile Software Development
7 225 (24.64%) Social Skills
8 200 (21.91%) Visualisation
9 199 (21.80%) Analytical Skills
10 188 (20.59%) Finance
11 183 (20.04%) AWS
12 172 (18.84%) R
13 159 (17.42%) Business Intelligence
14 158 (17.31%) Data Pipeline
15 154 (16.87%) Degree
16 153 (16.76%) Mathematics
17 148 (16.21%) Statistics
18 145 (15.88%) Computer Science
19 144 (15.77%) DevOps
20 142 (15.55%) Apache Spark
20 142 (15.55%) Data Modelling
21 137 (15.01%) Algorithms
22 135 (14.79%) Big Data
23 133 (14.57%) Data Analysis
24 128 (14.02%) Artificial Intelligence
25 125 (13.69%) Data Warehouse
26 124 (13.58%) Problem-Solving
27 119 (13.03%) Security Cleared
28 115 (12.60%) Data Engineering
29 111 (12.16%) Java

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (15.55%) Apache Spark
2 46 (5.04%) Jupyter
3 37 (4.05%) Apache Airflow
4 35 (3.83%) SAS
5 24 (2.63%) Apache
6 14 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (1.42%) Luigi
8 9 (0.99%) DNN
9 7 (0.77%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
11 5 (0.55%) CMS
11 5 (0.55%) Confluence
11 5 (0.55%) Drupal
12 4 (0.44%) nginx
13 3 (0.33%) IPython
14 2 (0.22%) Apache Pig
14 2 (0.22%) IBM Domino
15 1 (0.11%) Apache Solr
15 1 (0.11%) ArcGIS
15 1 (0.11%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 55 (6.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (3.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (1.10%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.99%) SPSS
5 4 (0.44%) Stata
6 3 (0.33%) Figma
6 3 (0.33%) Sketch
7 1 (0.11%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.11%) Pipeline Pilot
7 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.44%) Towers Watson Igloo
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.33%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.22%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.22%) SAP CRM
3 2 (0.22%) Sprinklr
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle ASCP
4 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.11%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
4 1 (0.11%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 271 (29.68%) Azure
2 183 (20.04%) AWS
3 91 (9.97%) Power Platform
4 85 (9.31%) GCP
5 36 (3.94%) Serverless
6 35 (3.83%) Azure Data Factory
7 32 (3.50%) Amazon S3
8 30 (3.29%) GitHub
9 26 (2.85%) Azure Synapse Analytics
10 25 (2.74%) SaaS
11 23 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
12 22 (2.41%) PaaS
13 21 (2.30%) Amazon EMR
14 17 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
15 16 (1.75%) Amazon SageMaker
16 15 (1.64%) Azure Machine Learning
17 14 (1.53%) Azure Functions
18 13 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
19 12 (1.31%) Google Analytics
20 11 (1.20%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 9 (0.99%) Internet
2 5 (0.55%) HTTPS
2 5 (0.55%) Network Security
3 4 (0.44%) Firewall
3 4 (0.44%) HTTP
4 2 (0.22%) SSL
5 1 (0.11%) 4G
5 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.11%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (14.79%) Big Data
2 125 (13.69%) Data Warehouse
3 96 (10.51%) Hadoop
4 90 (9.86%) Power BI
5 82 (8.98%) Tableau
6 80 (8.76%) Relational Database
7 70 (7.67%) Data Lake
8 67 (7.34%) Data Mining
9 64 (7.01%) NoSQL
10 57 (6.24%) PostgreSQL
11 42 (4.60%) Amazon Redshift
12 38 (4.16%) Apache Hive
12 38 (4.16%) SQL Server
13 32 (3.50%) BigQuery
14 29 (3.18%) Looker
15 28 (3.07%) MySQL
16 27 (2.96%) Amazon RDS
17 23 (2.52%) RDBMS
18 22 (2.41%) QlikView
19 19 (2.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 75 (8.21%) Git (software)
2 56 (6.13%) Jenkins
3 24 (2.63%) JIRA
4 17 (1.86%) GitLab
5 9 (0.99%) git-flow
5 9 (0.99%) Gradle
6 8 (0.88%) MLflow
7 7 (0.77%) CMake
8 5 (0.55%) Oracle APEX
9 4 (0.44%) Jasmine
9 4 (0.44%) Karma Test Runner
9 4 (0.44%) Moq
9 4 (0.44%) NUnit
10 3 (0.33%) Artifactory
10 3 (0.33%) ERwin
10 3 (0.33%) JUnit
10 3 (0.33%) SonarQube
11 2 (0.22%) Cypress.io
11 2 (0.22%) Maven
11 2 (0.22%) TeamCity
General
1 225 (24.64%) Social Skills
2 199 (21.80%) Analytical Skills
3 188 (20.59%) Finance
4 82 (8.98%) Marketing
5 73 (8.00%) Presentation Skills
6 54 (5.91%) Public Sector
7 30 (3.29%) Retail
8 20 (2.19%) Pharmaceutical
9 19 (2.08%) Banking
10 14 (1.53%) Back Office
11 13 (1.42%) Influencing Skills
11 13 (1.42%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.31%) Front Office
13 10 (1.10%) Legal
13 10 (1.10%) Organisational Skills
14 9 (0.99%) Local Government
15 8 (0.88%) Investment Banking
16 7 (0.77%) Documentation Skills
16 7 (0.77%) Manufacturing
17 6 (0.66%) Games
Job Titles
1 288 (31.54%) Data Scientist
2 156 (17.09%) Data Engineer
3 95 (10.41%) Developer
4 80 (8.76%) Analyst
5 78 (8.54%) Senior Data Scientist
6 69 (7.56%) Architect
7 51 (5.59%) Data Analyst
8 50 (5.48%) Data Architect
9 43 (4.71%) Azure Engineer
10 41 (4.49%) DevOps Engineer
11 33 (3.61%) Python Developer
11 33 (3.61%) Python Engineer
12 27 (2.96%) AWS Engineer
13 22 (2.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 20 (2.19%) Consultant
15 18 (1.97%) Big Data Engineer
15 18 (1.97%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 16 (1.75%) Azure DevOps
17 15 (1.64%) Business Analyst
18 14 (1.53%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (8.21%) NumPy
2 70 (7.67%) Pandas
3 54 (5.91%) Kafka
4 53 (5.81%) scikit-learn
4 53 (5.81%) TensorFlow
5 40 (4.38%) .NET
6 38 (4.16%) PyTorch
7 37 (4.05%) PySpark
8 31 (3.40%) HTML
8 31 (3.40%) SciPy
9 28 (3.07%) CSS
10 24 (2.63%) JSON
10 24 (2.63%) Keras
11 23 (2.52%) React
11 23 (2.52%) Shiny
12 22 (2.41%) D3.js
13 20 (2.19%) Matplotlib
14 19 (2.08%) Web Services
15 18 (1.97%) AngularJS
15 18 (1.97%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 137 (15.01%) Algorithms
2 64 (7.01%) Management Information System
3 54 (5.91%) Data Structures
4 35 (3.83%) Cloud Native
4 35 (3.83%) Social Media
5 29 (3.18%) User Experience
6 17 (1.86%) FMCG
6 17 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (1.53%) Virtual Team
8 13 (1.42%) Analytical Mindset
9 12 (1.31%) Data Centre
10 10 (1.10%) NHS
11 9 (0.99%) Augmented Reality
11 9 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
12 8 (0.88%) Clustering
12 8 (0.88%) Credit Risk
13 7 (0.77%) Public Cloud
14 6 (0.66%) Equities
14 6 (0.66%) Mobile App
14 6 (0.66%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 43 (4.71%) Linux
2 23 (2.52%) Unix
3 18 (1.97%) Android
3 18 (1.97%) Windows
4 5 (0.55%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.44%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.22%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 365 (39.98%) Machine Learning
2 354 (38.77%) Analytics
3 245 (26.83%) Agile Software Development
4 200 (21.91%) Visualisation
5 159 (17.42%) Business Intelligence
6 158 (17.31%) Data Pipeline
7 153 (16.76%) Mathematics
8 148 (16.21%) Statistics
9 145 (15.88%) Computer Science
10 144 (15.77%) DevOps
11 142 (15.55%) Data Modelling
12 133 (14.57%) Data Analysis
13 128 (14.02%) Artificial Intelligence
14 124 (13.58%) Problem-Solving
15 115 (12.60%) Data Engineering
16 102 (11.17%) Data Visualisation
17 99 (10.84%) Software Engineering
18 92 (10.08%) ETL
19 81 (8.87%) Decision-Making
20 72 (7.89%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 567 (62.10%) Python
2 349 (38.23%) SQL
3 172 (18.84%) R
4 111 (12.16%) Java
5 67 (7.34%) Scala
6 53 (5.81%) C#
7 47 (5.15%) JavaScript
8 45 (4.93%) C++
9 38 (4.16%) Bash Shell
10 33 (3.61%) VBA
11 28 (3.07%) TypeScript
12 24 (2.63%) PowerShell
13 17 (1.86%) Go
14 16 (1.75%) MATLAB
15 11 (1.20%) Shell Script
16 9 (0.99%) PL/SQL
17 8 (0.88%) LookML
18 7 (0.77%) C
19 5 (0.55%) Kotlin
20 4 (0.44%) ES6
Qualifications
1 154 (16.87%) Degree
2 119 (13.03%) Security Cleared
3 94 (10.30%) SC Cleared
4 41 (4.49%) PhD
5 34 (3.72%) DV Cleared
6 24 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
7 20 (2.19%) Master's Degree
8 16 (1.75%) Numerate Degree
9 12 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.55%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.55%) Postgraduate
11 3 (0.33%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 2 (0.22%) MBA
12 2 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.11%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (5.15%) Data Quality
2 32 (3.50%) QA
3 10 (1.10%) GDPR
4 7 (0.77%) Accessibility
5 6 (0.66%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (0.55%) Actionable Recommendations
7 2 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.22%) WCAG
8 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 83 (9.09%) Docker
2 10 (1.10%) HDFS
3 4 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.11%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.11%) OpenAM
4 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 70 (7.67%) Kubernetes
2 45 (4.93%) Terraform
3 39 (4.27%) Ansible
4 8 (0.88%) Oozie
5 7 (0.77%) Kibana
6 6 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.55%) Argo
7 5 (0.55%) Grafana
7 5 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
7 5 (0.55%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.44%) Kubeflow
9 3 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.33%) Icinga
9 3 (0.33%) Istio
9 3 (0.33%) Puppet
9 3 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.11%) logstash
10 1 (0.11%) Oracle EDQ
Vendors
1 65 (7.12%) Databricks
2 63 (6.90%) Google
3 48 (5.26%) Alteryx
4 46 (5.04%) Microsoft
5 43 (4.71%) Oracle
6 29 (3.18%) Salesforce.com
7 22 (2.41%) Dataiku
8 18 (1.97%) Informatica
9 17 (1.86%) SAP
10 12 (1.31%) Cloudera
10 12 (1.31%) Teradata
11 11 (1.20%) Adobe
12 10 (1.10%) Splunk
13 7 (0.77%) Talend
14 6 (0.66%) IBM
14 6 (0.66%) Sage
14 6 (0.66%) StreamSets
15 4 (0.44%) MuleSoft
16 3 (0.33%) Sparx
16 3 (0.33%) Vertica