Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 128 206 288
Rank change year-on-year +78 +82 +162
Contract jobs citing Data Science 1,661 1,233 760
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.00% 1.31% 0.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.29% 1.51% 1.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,190 871 522
England median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £388 £400 £358
90th Percentile £688 £675 £713
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 23 4
England median hourly rate £23.79 £28.00 £31.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.04% -10.89% +53.28%
10th Percentile £20.18 £8.00 £26.92
90th Percentile £39.08 £73.41 £43.98
UK median hourly rate £22.93 £23.44 £31.42
% change year-on-year -2.15% -25.42% +53.28%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,496 81,650 76,007
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.18% 86.76% 86.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,201 54,361 50,124
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,017 2,206 1,894
England median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.28% -10.42% +2.13%
10th Percentile £11.98 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.65 £21.00 £24.82
% change year-on-year +17.38% -15.37% +5.08%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Data Science in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +56 1,197 £550 - 256
South East +48 177 £525 +5.00% 43
North of England +92 116 £498 -0.50% 34
East of England +39 76 £600 +25.00% 32
Yorkshire +50 60 £498 -0.50% 4
North West +41 50 £475 -9.52% 30
South West -28 41 £550 +4.76% 22
Midlands +38 37 £475 -5.94% 19
West Midlands +32 26 £450 +5.88% 15
East Midlands +20 11 £488 -27.78% 4
North East +28 6 £500 -4.76%
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 994 (59.84%) Python
2 686 (41.30%) Machine Learning
3 674 (40.58%) Analytics
4 602 (36.24%) SQL
5 463 (27.87%) Big Data
6 460 (27.69%) Agile Software Development
7 430 (25.89%) Finance
8 423 (25.47%) Apache Spark
9 419 (25.23%) Amazon AWS
10 352 (21.19%) Hadoop
11 334 (20.11%) R
12 322 (19.39%) Microsoft Azure
13 309 (18.60%) Artificial Intelligence
14 278 (16.74%) Algorithms
15 256 (15.41%) Google Cloud Platform
16 252 (15.17%) Analytical Skills
16 252 (15.17%) DevOps
17 249 (14.99%) Business Intelligence
18 242 (14.57%) Java
19 229 (13.79%) Visualisation
20 216 (13.00%) Degree
21 212 (12.76%) Data Modelling
22 210 (12.64%) Mathematics
23 209 (12.58%) Data Engineering
24 200 (12.04%) Statistics
25 199 (11.98%) Google
26 195 (11.74%) Data Analytics
27 193 (11.62%) Computer Science
28 189 (11.38%) Data Warehouse
29 174 (10.48%) Docker

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 423 (25.47%) Apache Spark
2 127 (7.65%) Apache
3 74 (4.46%) SAS
4 68 (4.09%) Apache Airflow
5 50 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
6 43 (2.59%) Jupyter
7 18 (1.08%) Confluence
8 14 (0.84%) SharePoint
9 13 (0.78%) Apache Pig
9 13 (0.78%) Pachyderm
10 12 (0.72%) Luigi
11 8 (0.48%) Apache Solr
11 8 (0.48%) ArcGIS
11 8 (0.48%) R Markdown
12 7 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
13 3 (0.18%) IIS
14 2 (0.12%) Oracle Workflow
15 1 (0.060%) CMS
15 1 (0.060%) nginx
15 1 (0.060%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 45 (2.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.51%) SPSS
3 16 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.72%) Stata
5 11 (0.66%) Weka
6 5 (0.30%) InDesign
7 4 (0.24%) Sketch
8 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.060%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.060%) Figma
10 1 (0.060%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.060%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.54%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 6 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.24%) SAP HR
3 4 (0.24%) Sprinklr
4 3 (0.18%) Workday HCM
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Retail
5 2 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.060%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 419 (25.23%) Amazon AWS
2 322 (19.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 256 (15.41%) Google Cloud Platform
4 146 (8.79%) Power Platform
5 61 (3.67%) Serverless
6 60 (3.61%) Amazon S3
7 54 (3.25%) Amazon EMR
8 47 (2.83%) AWS Lambda
9 34 (2.05%) Amazon SQS
10 29 (1.75%) Amazon SageMaker
11 28 (1.69%) GitHub
12 27 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
12 27 (1.63%) PaaS
13 21 (1.26%) Amazon ECS
14 20 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
15 19 (1.14%) Adobe Analytics
15 19 (1.14%) AWS Fargate
16 18 (1.08%) IaaS
17 16 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
18 15 (0.90%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.57%) Internet
2 17 (1.02%) HTTP
3 10 (0.60%) HTTPS
3 10 (0.60%) SMTP
4 9 (0.54%) Intrusion Detection
5 4 (0.24%) Firewall
5 4 (0.24%) VPN
5 4 (0.24%) WebEx
6 3 (0.18%) Network Security
6 3 (0.18%) Skype
6 3 (0.18%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.12%) DHCP
7 2 (0.12%) MQTT
7 2 (0.12%) RFID
7 2 (0.12%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.12%) ZigBee
8 1 (0.060%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.060%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 463 (27.87%) Big Data
2 352 (21.19%) Hadoop
3 189 (11.38%) Data Warehouse
4 152 (9.15%) NoSQL
5 146 (8.79%) Apache Hive
5 146 (8.79%) Power BI
6 116 (6.98%) PostgreSQL
7 105 (6.32%) Data Lake
8 80 (4.82%) Data Mining
9 77 (4.64%) MongoDB
10 75 (4.52%) SQL Server
11 64 (3.85%) Apache Cassandra
11 64 (3.85%) Relational Database
12 56 (3.37%) Amazon Redshift
13 55 (3.31%) MySQL
14 54 (3.25%) BigQuery
15 39 (2.35%) RDBMS
16 38 (2.29%) Impala
17 37 (2.23%) Amazon Athena
18 36 (2.17%) HBase
Development Applications
1 151 (9.09%) Git (software)
2 118 (7.10%) Jenkins
3 60 (3.61%) JIRA
4 30 (1.81%) Visual Studio Team System
5 29 (1.75%) RStudio
6 26 (1.57%) Artifactory
7 22 (1.32%) GitLab
8 21 (1.26%) Visual Studio
9 10 (0.60%) IBM UrbanCode
10 9 (0.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 9 (0.54%) CircleCI
11 7 (0.42%) JUnit
11 7 (0.42%) TeamCity
12 6 (0.36%) Mockito
12 6 (0.36%) Selenium
13 5 (0.30%) Octopus Deploy
13 5 (0.30%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 5 (0.30%) Team Foundation Server
14 4 (0.24%) Mocha
14 4 (0.24%) webpack
General
1 430 (25.89%) Finance
2 118 (7.10%) Marketing
3 110 (6.62%) Banking
4 71 (4.27%) Retail
5 52 (3.13%) Legal
6 45 (2.71%) Front Office
7 34 (2.05%) Investment Banking
8 25 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 24 (1.44%) Publishing
10 23 (1.38%) Telecoms
11 22 (1.32%) Advertising
12 20 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
13 18 (1.08%) Financial Institution
14 15 (0.90%) Games
15 14 (0.84%) Law
16 12 (0.72%) Retail Banking
17 7 (0.42%) Automotive
17 7 (0.42%) Social Science
18 6 (0.36%) Aerospace
19 5 (0.30%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 528 (31.79%) Data Scientist
2 353 (21.25%) Data Engineer
3 198 (11.92%) Python Engineer
4 188 (11.32%) Developer
5 154 (9.27%) Analyst
6 106 (6.38%) Architect
7 100 (6.02%) DevOps Engineer
8 85 (5.12%) Big Data Engineer
9 81 (4.88%) Python Developer
10 70 (4.21%) Senior Data Scientist
11 65 (3.91%) Data Analyst
12 61 (3.67%) Hadoop Engineer
13 59 (3.55%) AWS Engineer
14 55 (3.31%) Data Architect
15 52 (3.13%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 39 (2.35%) Business Analyst
17 37 (2.23%) Azure Engineer
17 37 (2.23%) Consultant
18 34 (2.05%) Machine Learning Engineer
19 30 (1.81%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 165 (9.93%) Kafka
1 165 (9.93%) Natural Language Processing
2 130 (7.83%) Pandas
3 121 (7.28%) PySpark
4 103 (6.20%) TensorFlow
5 80 (4.82%) scikit-learn
6 73 (4.39%) NumPy
7 65 (3.91%) HTML
8 64 (3.85%) CSS
9 59 (3.55%) REST
10 47 (2.83%) Flask
11 44 (2.65%) Django
11 44 (2.65%) JSON
12 41 (2.47%) Web Services
13 39 (2.35%) SciPy
14 32 (1.93%) RESTful
15 31 (1.87%) Keras
16 30 (1.81%) D3.js
17 28 (1.69%) AngularJS
17 28 (1.69%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 278 (16.74%) Algorithms
2 252 (15.17%) Analytical Skills
3 80 (4.82%) User Experience
4 73 (4.39%) Data Structures
5 42 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
6 40 (2.41%) Self-Motivation
7 28 (1.69%) Social Media
8 19 (1.14%) Hedge funds
8 19 (1.14%) Public Cloud
9 17 (1.02%) Life Science
10 16 (0.96%) Robotics
11 15 (0.90%) Management Information System
11 15 (0.90%) NHS
12 12 (0.72%) Internet of Things
12 12 (0.72%) Virtual Team
13 10 (0.60%) Clustering
14 9 (0.54%) FMCG
15 8 (0.48%) Data Protection Act
15 8 (0.48%) Smart Home
16 7 (0.42%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 104 (6.26%) Linux
2 33 (1.99%) Windows
3 29 (1.75%) Unix
4 5 (0.30%) CentOS
5 4 (0.24%) Android
5 4 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (0.24%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.12%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.12%) Solaris
6 2 (0.12%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.060%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.060%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 686 (41.30%) Machine Learning
2 674 (40.58%) Analytics
3 460 (27.69%) Agile Software Development
4 309 (18.60%) Artificial Intelligence
5 252 (15.17%) DevOps
6 249 (14.99%) Business Intelligence
7 229 (13.79%) Visualisation
8 212 (12.76%) Data Modelling
9 210 (12.64%) Mathematics
10 209 (12.58%) Data Engineering
11 200 (12.04%) Statistics
12 195 (11.74%) Data Analytics
13 193 (11.62%) Computer Science
14 159 (9.57%) Software Engineering
15 154 (9.27%) ETL
16 146 (8.79%) Data Analysis
17 136 (8.19%) Scrum
18 134 (8.07%) Problem-Solving
19 118 (7.10%) Deep Learning
19 118 (7.10%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 994 (59.84%) Python
2 602 (36.24%) SQL
3 334 (20.11%) R
4 242 (14.57%) Java
5 158 (9.51%) Scala
6 122 (7.34%) JavaScript
7 82 (4.94%) C++
8 61 (3.67%) MATLAB
9 49 (2.95%) C
10 43 (2.59%) C#
11 41 (2.47%) PowerShell
12 35 (2.11%) Go
13 29 (1.75%) Bash Shell
14 28 (1.69%) Perl
15 25 (1.51%) PHP
16 20 (1.20%) PL/SQL
16 20 (1.20%) Ruby
17 16 (0.96%) T-SQL
18 15 (0.90%) Julia
19 14 (0.84%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 216 (13.00%) Degree
2 164 (9.87%) PhD
3 112 (6.74%) Security Cleared
4 66 (3.97%) SC Cleared
5 50 (3.01%) Master's Degree
6 39 (2.35%) DV Cleared
7 37 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
8 20 (1.20%) AWS Certification
8 20 (1.20%) BPSS Clearance
9 16 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.48%) TOGAF Certification
11 7 (0.42%) GCFA
12 6 (0.36%) ISEB
12 6 (0.36%) OSCP
13 5 (0.30%) CompTIA Security+
13 5 (0.30%) GCIA
13 5 (0.30%) GCIH
13 5 (0.30%) Network+ Certification
13 5 (0.30%) SSCP
14 4 (0.24%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (4.94%) Data Quality
2 36 (2.17%) QA
3 19 (1.14%) GDPR
4 15 (0.90%) GxP
5 6 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 5 (0.30%) NIST
7 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.12%) PMO
9 1 (0.060%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.060%) EMIR
9 1 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.060%) MiFID
9 1 (0.060%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 174 (10.48%) Docker
2 24 (1.44%) HDFS
3 10 (0.60%) Apache Flume
4 4 (0.24%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.060%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.060%) Xen
Systems Management
1 119 (7.16%) Kubernetes
2 72 (4.33%) Terraform
3 53 (3.19%) Ansible
4 46 (2.77%) Oozie
5 20 (1.20%) Hadoop YARN
6 13 (0.78%) Kibana
6 13 (0.78%) Kubeflow
7 12 (0.72%) Puppet
8 10 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 4 (0.24%) logstash
10 4 (0.24%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 3 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.18%) Salt
12 2 (0.12%) Control-M
12 2 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.12%) EnCase
12 2 (0.12%) Grafana
12 2 (0.12%) WSUS
13 1 (0.060%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 199 (11.98%) Google
2 157 (9.45%) Tableau
3 122 (7.34%) Microsoft
4 62 (3.73%) Databricks
5 51 (3.07%) Oracle
6 34 (2.05%) Cloudera
6 34 (2.05%) SAP
7 25 (1.51%) Adobe
8 20 (1.20%) Hortonworks
9 19 (1.14%) Informatica
9 19 (1.14%) Talend
10 14 (0.84%) MicroStrategy
11 13 (0.78%) Alteryx
11 13 (0.78%) Splunk
12 12 (0.72%) MapR
13 9 (0.54%) Vertica
14 8 (0.48%) Minitab
15 7 (0.42%) Progress
15 7 (0.42%) Workday
16 6 (0.36%) Dataiku