Period
to 28 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 28 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
28 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 138 169 248
Rank change year-on-year +31 +79 +26
Contract jobs citing Data Science 1,170 1,504 1,011
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.92% 1.66% 1.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.25% 1.90% 1.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 777 995 723
England median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £406 £388 £375
90th Percentile £675 £675 £660
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 16 20
England median hourly rate £35.00 £37.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.41% -7.50% +53.85%
10th Percentile £19.60 £19.13 £18.21
90th Percentile £54.38 £52.50 £72.13
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.10% -10.63% +53.85%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,054 79,261 80,871
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.25% 87.52% 86.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,002 52,983 54,391
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £290 £305 £288
90th Percentile £651 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,687 2,006 1,973
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.08 £24.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.33% -0.04% -3.64%
10th Percentile £12.44 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.50 £50.25
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £24.08 £24.00
% change year-on-year +1.74% +0.33% -2.04%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Data Science in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 28 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 744 £550 - 322
South East +90 217 £500 -4.76% 54
North of England +70 67 £500 - 68
East of England +46 66 £538 -10.42% 26
South West +12 45 £518 +3.50% 38
Yorkshire +48 30 £474 -5.14% 23
North West +41 29 £550 +33.33% 41
Midlands +27 28 £473 +5.00% 30
West Midlands +33 21 £475 +5.56% 17
North East +37 8 £613 +22.50% 4
East Midlands +25 7 £400 -18.99% 13
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 28 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 702 (60.00%) Python
2 500 (42.74%) Machine Learning
3 454 (38.80%) Analytics
4 394 (33.68%) SQL
5 379 (32.39%) Agile Software Development
6 258 (22.05%) AWS
7 252 (21.54%) Big Data
8 251 (21.45%) Azure
9 242 (20.68%) Artificial Intelligence
10 240 (20.51%) Apache Spark
11 228 (19.49%) Visualisation
12 208 (17.78%) Algorithms
13 191 (16.32%) Analytical Skills
14 186 (15.90%) Business Intelligence
14 186 (15.90%) Mathematics
15 184 (15.73%) Statistics
16 179 (15.30%) Data Modelling
17 178 (15.21%) Computer Science
18 173 (14.79%) R
19 166 (14.19%) DevOps
19 166 (14.19%) Hadoop
20 163 (13.93%) GCP
21 161 (13.76%) Finance
22 157 (13.42%) NoSQL
23 152 (12.99%) ETL
24 150 (12.82%) Degree
25 147 (12.56%) Data Visualisation
26 133 (11.37%) Java
27 128 (10.94%) Data Engineering
28 127 (10.85%) Docker

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 240 (20.51%) Apache Spark
2 70 (5.98%) Apache
3 44 (3.76%) Jupyter
4 43 (3.68%) Elasticsearch
5 41 (3.50%) Apache Airflow
6 30 (2.56%) SAS
7 20 (1.71%) OpenStack
8 17 (1.45%) Confluence
9 10 (0.85%) Tomcat
10 8 (0.68%) GeoServer
10 8 (0.68%) Luigi
10 8 (0.68%) WebLogic
11 6 (0.51%) DNN
11 6 (0.51%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.43%) ArcGIS
13 3 (0.26%) Apache Pig
13 3 (0.26%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.26%) IIS
13 3 (0.26%) R Markdown
14 2 (0.17%) Tornado
Applications
1 18 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.11%) SPSS
3 11 (0.94%) Stata
4 4 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.34%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.17%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.17%) Sketch
6 2 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.085%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.085%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.085%) Weka
Business Applications
1 8 (0.68%) Oracle Applications
2 6 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.34%) SAP CRM
3 4 (0.34%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.34%) SAP IS-U
4 3 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.17%) Aligne
5 2 (0.17%) Endur
5 2 (0.17%) Hyperion Planning
5 2 (0.17%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.085%) FastStats
6 1 (0.085%) FastStats PeopleStage
6 1 (0.085%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.085%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.085%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 258 (22.05%) AWS
2 251 (21.45%) Azure
3 163 (13.93%) GCP
4 103 (8.80%) Power Platform
5 48 (4.10%) Amazon S3
6 45 (3.85%) Serverless
7 38 (3.25%) Azure Machine Learning
8 37 (3.16%) AWS Lambda
9 34 (2.91%) GitHub
10 33 (2.82%) Amazon EMR
11 32 (2.74%) PaaS
12 28 (2.39%) Amazon Kinesis
13 26 (2.22%) Amazon EC2
14 25 (2.14%) Azure Data Factory
15 20 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
16 17 (1.45%) Amazon Cognito
16 17 (1.45%) Amazon EKS
17 16 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
18 15 (1.28%) Amazon SageMaker
19 11 (0.94%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.03%) Intrusion Detection
2 9 (0.77%) HTTPS
3 8 (0.68%) HTTP
3 8 (0.68%) Internet
4 7 (0.60%) DNS
4 7 (0.60%) Firewall
4 7 (0.60%) IPv6
4 7 (0.60%) Network Security
5 6 (0.51%) Link 16
6 5 (0.43%) SMTP
7 4 (0.34%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.34%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.17%) Broadband
8 2 (0.17%) Cisco ASA
8 2 (0.17%) Cisco IOS
8 2 (0.17%) Skype
8 2 (0.17%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.085%) VPN
9 1 (0.085%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 252 (21.54%) Big Data
2 166 (14.19%) Hadoop
3 157 (13.42%) NoSQL
4 104 (8.89%) Data Lake
5 102 (8.72%) Power BI
6 98 (8.38%) Data Warehouse
6 98 (8.38%) PostgreSQL
7 80 (6.84%) Amazon Redshift
8 69 (5.90%) Data Mining
9 64 (5.47%) SQL Server
10 49 (4.19%) Relational Database
11 46 (3.93%) Apache Cassandra
12 43 (3.68%) BigQuery
13 42 (3.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 40 (3.42%) MongoDB
15 39 (3.33%) Amazon Athena
16 31 (2.65%) GIS
17 30 (2.56%) Flink
17 30 (2.56%) Geospatial Data
18 29 (2.48%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 107 (9.15%) Git (software)
2 54 (4.62%) Jenkins
3 27 (2.31%) JIRA
4 23 (1.97%) Visual Studio Team System
5 20 (1.71%) Visual Studio
6 11 (0.94%) CircleCI
7 9 (0.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 9 (0.77%) Vagrant
8 8 (0.68%) GitLab
9 7 (0.60%) Maven
10 6 (0.51%) Bitbucket
10 6 (0.51%) Gerrit
10 6 (0.51%) Selenium
11 4 (0.34%) RStudio
12 3 (0.26%) Artifactory
12 3 (0.26%) PyCharm
12 3 (0.26%) Team Foundation Server
13 2 (0.17%) Cucumber
13 2 (0.17%) ESLint
13 2 (0.17%) Oracle APEX
General
1 161 (13.76%) Finance
2 84 (7.18%) Marketing
3 43 (3.68%) Public Sector
4 35 (2.99%) Retail
5 27 (2.31%) Banking
6 25 (2.14%) Telecoms
7 23 (1.97%) Pharmaceutical
8 15 (1.28%) Manufacturing
9 14 (1.20%) Legal
10 12 (1.03%) Law
10 12 (1.03%) Publishing
11 11 (0.94%) Front Office
11 11 (0.94%) Games
12 10 (0.85%) Aerospace
13 9 (0.77%) Advertising
13 9 (0.77%) Electronics
13 9 (0.77%) Local Government
13 9 (0.77%) Military
14 5 (0.43%) Automotive
15 4 (0.34%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 404 (34.53%) Data Scientist
2 205 (17.52%) Developer
3 152 (12.99%) Data Engineer
4 107 (9.15%) Senior Data Scientist
5 104 (8.89%) Analyst
6 87 (7.44%) Architect
7 80 (6.84%) Python Developer
8 65 (5.56%) Data Architect
9 64 (5.47%) Python Engineer
10 53 (4.53%) Business Analyst
10 53 (4.53%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 43 (3.68%) Senior Developer
12 38 (3.25%) Data Analyst
13 36 (3.08%) DevOps Engineer
14 34 (2.91%) Data Business Analyst
15 27 (2.31%) Senior Analyst
16 26 (2.22%) Senior Business Analyst
17 25 (2.14%) Big Data Engineer
18 23 (1.97%) Azure Engineer
19 21 (1.79%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (10.34%) TensorFlow
2 115 (9.83%) Pandas
3 102 (8.72%) scikit-learn
4 98 (8.38%) Natural Language Processing
5 92 (7.86%) Kafka
5 92 (7.86%) NumPy
6 80 (6.84%) PySpark
7 48 (4.10%) Django
8 45 (3.85%) Keras
9 39 (3.33%) HTML
9 39 (3.33%) SciPy
10 38 (3.25%) Node.js
11 35 (2.99%) Flask
12 34 (2.91%) PyTorch
13 33 (2.82%) REST
14 29 (2.48%) AngularJS
15 28 (2.39%) React
16 27 (2.31%) Web Services
17 24 (2.05%) CSS
18 23 (1.97%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 208 (17.78%) Algorithms
2 191 (16.32%) Analytical Skills
3 63 (5.38%) User Experience
4 43 (3.68%) Data Structures
5 34 (2.91%) Self-Motivation
6 32 (2.74%) Management Information System
7 30 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
8 22 (1.88%) Public Cloud
9 20 (1.71%) Social Media
10 12 (1.03%) Clustering
10 12 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (0.94%) Lidar
12 9 (0.77%) Smart City
12 9 (0.77%) Taxonomies
13 8 (0.68%) Data Centre
13 8 (0.68%) Mobile App
14 6 (0.51%) Analytical Mindset
14 6 (0.51%) CAN bus
14 6 (0.51%) Reference Data
15 5 (0.43%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 74 (6.32%) Linux
2 30 (2.56%) Unix
3 28 (2.39%) Windows
4 5 (0.43%) Android
5 4 (0.34%) CentOS
5 4 (0.34%) Oracle Linux
6 3 (0.26%) Mac OS
6 3 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.17%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.17%) MVS
7 2 (0.17%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.085%) DC/OS
8 1 (0.085%) Debian
8 1 (0.085%) VME
8 1 (0.085%) VMS
8 1 (0.085%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.085%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 500 (42.74%) Machine Learning
2 454 (38.80%) Analytics
3 379 (32.39%) Agile Software Development
4 242 (20.68%) Artificial Intelligence
5 228 (19.49%) Visualisation
6 186 (15.90%) Business Intelligence
6 186 (15.90%) Mathematics
7 184 (15.73%) Statistics
8 179 (15.30%) Data Modelling
9 178 (15.21%) Computer Science
10 166 (14.19%) DevOps
11 152 (12.99%) ETL
12 147 (12.56%) Data Visualisation
13 128 (10.94%) Data Engineering
14 120 (10.26%) Data Analytics
15 109 (9.32%) Data Analysis
16 108 (9.23%) Scrum
17 107 (9.15%) Deep Learning
18 101 (8.63%) Software Engineering
19 97 (8.29%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 702 (60.00%) Python
2 394 (33.68%) SQL
3 173 (14.79%) R
4 133 (11.37%) Java
5 123 (10.51%) Scala
6 86 (7.35%) JavaScript
7 30 (2.56%) Bash Shell
7 30 (2.56%) C++
7 30 (2.56%) MATLAB
8 27 (2.31%) C#
9 23 (1.97%) Go
10 20 (1.71%) PowerShell
11 18 (1.54%) C
12 11 (0.94%) PL/SQL
12 11 (0.94%) TypeScript
13 9 (0.77%) Perl
13 9 (0.77%) PHP
14 8 (0.68%) T-SQL
15 7 (0.60%) Kotlin
16 6 (0.51%) VBA
Qualifications
1 150 (12.82%) Degree
2 122 (10.43%) PhD
3 84 (7.18%) Security Cleared
4 67 (5.73%) SC Cleared
5 36 (3.08%) Master's Degree
6 29 (2.48%) Numerate Degree
7 24 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (1.03%) DBS Check
9 11 (0.94%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.43%) Chartered Engineer
11 4 (0.34%) PMP
12 3 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.26%) CompTIA Security+
12 3 (0.26%) GCFA
12 3 (0.26%) GCIA
12 3 (0.26%) GCIH
12 3 (0.26%) Network+ Certification
12 3 (0.26%) OSCP
12 3 (0.26%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.26%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (5.13%) Data Quality
2 38 (3.25%) QA
3 21 (1.79%) GDPR
4 8 (0.68%) RMADS
5 4 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.26%) NIST
7 2 (0.17%) COBIT
7 2 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.17%) PMO
7 2 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.085%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.085%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.085%) GxP
8 1 (0.085%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.085%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.085%) SLA
System Software
1 127 (10.85%) Docker
2 19 (1.62%) HDFS
3 16 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.85%) Snort
5 9 (0.77%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.34%) Firmware
7 3 (0.26%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 108 (9.23%) Kubernetes
2 39 (3.33%) Terraform
3 22 (1.88%) Ansible
4 13 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
5 11 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
6 10 (0.85%) Network Intrusion Detection System
6 10 (0.85%) OSSEC
7 7 (0.60%) Istio
7 7 (0.60%) Kibana
7 7 (0.60%) Kubeflow
7 7 (0.60%) linkerd
8 3 (0.26%) logstash
8 3 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.17%) HP Fortify
9 2 (0.17%) Marathon
9 2 (0.17%) Mesos
9 2 (0.17%) Nessus
9 2 (0.17%) Oozie
9 2 (0.17%) Puppet
Vendors
1 115 (9.83%) Tableau
2 98 (8.38%) Google
3 96 (8.21%) Microsoft
4 42 (3.59%) Oracle
5 34 (2.91%) SAP
6 24 (2.05%) Databricks
6 24 (2.05%) Talend
7 21 (1.79%) Cloudera
8 18 (1.54%) Informatica
9 13 (1.11%) Hortonworks
9 13 (1.11%) Teradata
10 11 (0.94%) IBM
11 9 (0.77%) Alteryx
11 9 (0.77%) Datactics
11 9 (0.77%) MicroStrategy
11 9 (0.77%) Palantir
11 9 (0.77%) Red Hat
12 8 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (0.60%) Ab Initio
14 6 (0.51%) Adobe