Period
to 19 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 19 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 342 408 419
Rank change year-on-year +66 +11 -19
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 429 198 525
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 0.47% 0.58%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.95% 1.53% 2.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 307 139 333
10th Percentile £387 £333 £350
25th Percentile £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -4.76%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £445 £475
% change year-on-year +12.36% -6.32% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 13 8
10th Percentile £19.45 " "
25th Percentile £19.75 £18.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate £21.00 £19.50 £23.75
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% -17.89% -22.81%
75th Percentile £22.75 £20.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £23.35 £32.90 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year +7.69% -17.89% +63.79%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 21,944 12,937 25,405
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.11% 30.42% 28.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,750 9,116 17,692
10th Percentile £325 £306 £313
25th Percentile £413 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £599 £581
90th Percentile £675 £675 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £463 £450
% change year-on-year - +2.78% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 351 196 294
10th Percentile £11.75 £12.79 £12.08
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.50 £15.00
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £20.25
Median % change year-on-year +5.25% -1.23% +15.71%
75th Percentile £39.50 £34.56 £35.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.69 £17.90
% change year-on-year -0.96% +10.00% +11.88%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 19 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +76 351 £525 +10.53% 154
London +33 197 £550 -0.05% 68
UK excluding London +25 148 £500 +12.36% 98
Work from Home -152 122 £500 +3.63% 39
South East +4 39 £525 +23.53% 21
North of England +17 36 £525 +10.53% 30
South West +27 29 £513 +7.89% 8
Yorkshire +13 17 £500 +11.11% 7
North West +10 17 £635 -2.31% 16
Midlands -20 17 £444 +4.41% 10
East of England +13 14 £400 +10.34% 16
West Midlands -17 10 £413 +17.86% 7
East Midlands -2 7 £475 +5.56% 3
Scotland -48 6 £400 +7.74% 10
Northern Ireland - 5 £400 - 1
North East +8 2 £700 +22.27% 7
Wales +3 2 £388 -22.50% 2

For the 6 months to 19 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 219 (51.05%) AWS
2 206 (48.02%) Azure
3 106 (24.71%) Microsoft
4 101 (23.54%) Agile Software Development
5 100 (23.31%) Social Skills
6 99 (23.08%) Python
7 87 (20.28%) GCP
8 85 (19.81%) DevOps
9 77 (17.95%) Finance
10 75 (17.48%) Java
11 72 (16.78%) Kubernetes
12 68 (15.85%) Google
13 64 (14.92%) SQL
13 64 (14.92%) Linux
14 58 (13.52%) Security Cleared
15 55 (12.82%) Docker
16 53 (12.35%) Migration
17 52 (12.12%) Microservices
18 51 (11.89%) Node.js
19 50 (11.66%) JavaScript
19 50 (11.66%) SC Cleared
20 48 (11.19%) PaaS
21 46 (10.72%) Big Data
21 46 (10.72%) Terraform
22 43 (10.02%) REST
23 41 (9.56%) IaaS
24 40 (9.32%) Public Sector
25 39 (9.09%) NoSQL
25 39 (9.09%) VMware
26 38 (8.86%) Windows

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (5.83%) Apache Spark
2 17 (3.96%) OpenStack
3 12 (2.80%) Ethereum
4 10 (2.33%) Tomcat
5 9 (2.10%) IBM Domino
6 8 (1.86%) Apache
6 8 (1.86%) Confluence
6 8 (1.86%) WebSphere
6 8 (1.86%) WebSphere Application Server
7 7 (1.63%) Apache ServiceMix
8 6 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
8 6 (1.40%) SharePoint
9 5 (1.17%) IIS
9 5 (1.17%) Mule
10 4 (0.93%) Apache Pig
10 4 (0.93%) Drupal
10 4 (0.93%) NServiceBus
11 3 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.47%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 13 (3.03%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.40%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.70%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (2.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (2.10%) Magento
3 8 (1.86%) Distributed Ledger
4 7 (1.63%) Shopify
5 1 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.23%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.23%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.23%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 219 (51.05%) AWS
2 206 (48.02%) Azure
3 87 (20.28%) GCP
4 48 (11.19%) PaaS
5 41 (9.56%) IaaS
6 38 (8.86%) SaaS
7 34 (7.93%) Serverless
8 23 (5.36%) Microsoft 365
9 14 (3.26%) AWS Lambda
10 13 (3.03%) Azure Active Directory
11 11 (2.56%) Power Platform
12 10 (2.33%) Azure Service Bus
12 10 (2.33%) Dynamics 365
13 9 (2.10%) Azure Functions
14 8 (1.86%) GitHub
15 7 (1.63%) Amazon S3
15 7 (1.63%) iPaaS
16 5 (1.17%) Amazon ELB
17 4 (0.93%) Azure Logic Apps
17 4 (0.93%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 30 (6.99%) HTTP
2 27 (6.29%) Firewall
2 27 (6.29%) Network Security
3 24 (5.59%) DNS
4 14 (3.26%) Internet
5 12 (2.80%) TCP/IP
6 11 (2.56%) VoIP
7 9 (2.10%) Unified Communications
7 9 (2.10%) VPN
8 8 (1.86%) IPFS
8 8 (1.86%) LAN
8 8 (1.86%) MPLS
8 8 (1.86%) WAN
9 7 (1.63%) FTP
9 7 (1.63%) SSH
9 7 (1.63%) SSL
9 7 (1.63%) VLAN
9 7 (1.63%) Wireless
10 5 (1.17%) DHCP
10 5 (1.17%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (10.72%) Big Data
2 39 (9.09%) NoSQL
3 34 (7.93%) MongoDB
4 29 (6.76%) SQL Server
5 28 (6.53%) Relational Database
6 19 (4.43%) Data Warehouse
7 18 (4.20%) MySQL
8 16 (3.73%) Couchbase
9 14 (3.26%) Flink
10 13 (3.03%) Data Lake
11 12 (2.80%) Blockchain
11 12 (2.80%) Hadoop
12 11 (2.56%) Power BI
13 10 (2.33%) DB2
13 10 (2.33%) Hazelcast
14 8 (1.86%) BigQuery
15 7 (1.63%) Apache Hive
15 7 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
15 7 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
16 6 (1.40%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 25 (5.83%) JIRA
2 23 (5.36%) Jenkins
3 21 (4.90%) Git (software)
4 8 (1.86%) TeamCity
5 6 (1.40%) Selenium
6 4 (0.93%) CircleCI
6 4 (0.93%) Mocha
6 4 (0.93%) Subversion
7 3 (0.70%) AppScan
7 3 (0.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 3 (0.70%) Octopus Deploy
7 3 (0.70%) Sinon.JS
7 3 (0.70%) SpecFlow
8 2 (0.47%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.47%) JMeter
8 2 (0.47%) Mercurial
8 2 (0.47%) Serena SBM
8 2 (0.47%) SonarQube
9 1 (0.23%) Jasmine
9 1 (0.23%) Rational DOORS
General
1 100 (23.31%) Social Skills
2 77 (17.95%) Finance
3 40 (9.32%) Public Sector
4 33 (7.69%) Banking
5 31 (7.23%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (4.20%) Presentation Skills
7 15 (3.50%) Investment Banking
8 12 (2.80%) Telecoms
9 10 (2.33%) Influencing Skills
10 6 (1.40%) Local Government
10 6 (1.40%) Manufacturing
10 6 (1.40%) Organisational Skills
11 4 (0.93%) Legal
12 3 (0.70%) French Language
12 3 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.47%) Electronics
13 2 (0.47%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.47%) International Banking
13 2 (0.47%) Marketing
13 2 (0.47%) Retail
Job Titles
1 101 (23.54%) Developer
2 89 (20.75%) Architect
3 35 (8.16%) Consultant
3 35 (8.16%) Java Developer
4 27 (6.29%) DevOps Engineer
5 26 (6.06%) Cloud Architect
5 26 (6.06%) Cloud Engineer
6 19 (4.43%) Senior Developer
7 18 (4.20%) AWS Engineer
7 18 (4.20%) Security Architect
8 16 (3.73%) Senior Java Developer
8 16 (3.73%) Solutions Architect
9 15 (3.50%) Cloud Consultant
10 13 (3.03%) Analyst
11 12 (2.80%) Applications Support
11 12 (2.80%) Project Manager
11 12 (2.80%) Security Engineer
12 11 (2.56%) Azure Engineer
12 11 (2.56%) Senior Consultant
13 10 (2.33%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (11.89%) Node.js
2 43 (10.02%) REST
3 38 (8.86%) Kafka
4 37 (8.62%) Web Services
5 30 (6.99%) Spring
6 29 (6.76%) .NET
7 27 (6.29%) RESTful
8 23 (5.36%) JSON
9 18 (4.20%) AngularJS
10 16 (3.73%) GraphQL
11 15 (3.50%) XML
12 14 (3.26%) React
12 14 (3.26%) Samza
13 12 (2.80%) ASP.NET Web API
13 12 (2.80%) Middleware
14 11 (2.56%) Ruby on Rails
15 10 (2.33%) Protocol Buffers
16 9 (2.10%) .NET Core
17 8 (1.86%) Elastic Stack
17 8 (1.86%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 22 (5.13%) Management Information System
2 19 (4.43%) Data Centre
3 15 (3.50%) Hybrid Cloud
3 15 (3.50%) Public Cloud
4 14 (3.26%) Grid Computing
5 11 (2.56%) Clustering
5 11 (2.56%) Market Risk
6 10 (2.33%) Cloud Native
7 8 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
7 8 (1.86%) Virtual Team
8 7 (1.63%) Enterprise Cloud
8 7 (1.63%) PKI
9 5 (1.17%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.17%) Greenfield Project
9 5 (1.17%) Mobile App
10 4 (0.93%) Data Structures
10 4 (0.93%) Video Conferencing
11 3 (0.70%) Freedom of Information
11 3 (0.70%) Freedom of Information Act
11 3 (0.70%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 64 (14.92%) Linux
2 38 (8.86%) Windows
3 29 (6.76%) Unix
4 8 (1.86%) Windows Server
5 6 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.17%) CentOS
7 4 (0.93%) AIX
7 4 (0.93%) Solaris
8 3 (0.70%) SUSE
9 2 (0.47%) Android
9 2 (0.47%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.47%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.47%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.23%) Data ONTAP
10 1 (0.23%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.23%) VMS
10 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 101 (23.54%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (19.81%) DevOps
3 53 (12.35%) Migration
4 52 (12.12%) Microservices
5 37 (8.62%) Technical Architecture
6 34 (7.93%) Scrum
7 33 (7.69%) Problem-Solving
8 30 (6.99%) Information Security
9 28 (6.53%) Analytics
9 28 (6.53%) ITIL
9 28 (6.53%) Risk Management
9 28 (6.53%) Security Architecture
10 27 (6.29%) TDD
10 27 (6.29%) Unit Testing
11 26 (6.06%) Cybersecurity
12 25 (5.83%) Computer Science
13 24 (5.59%) Open Source
14 22 (5.13%) Disaster Recovery
14 22 (5.13%) Infrastructure as Code
15 21 (4.90%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 99 (23.08%) Python
2 75 (17.48%) Java
3 64 (14.92%) SQL
4 50 (11.66%) JavaScript
5 28 (6.53%) Ruby
6 26 (6.06%) Bash Shell
7 24 (5.59%) PowerShell
8 21 (4.90%) C#
8 21 (4.90%) TypeScript
9 15 (3.50%) Go
10 14 (3.26%) Groovy
11 13 (3.03%) PHP
12 11 (2.56%) Java 8
13 9 (2.10%) C++
14 8 (1.86%) Solidity
15 7 (1.63%) Shell Script
16 6 (1.40%) Perl
16 6 (1.40%) Scala
17 3 (0.70%) R
17 3 (0.70%) Rust
Qualifications
1 58 (13.52%) Security Cleared
2 50 (11.66%) SC Cleared
3 35 (8.16%) Degree
4 20 (4.66%) CISSP
5 11 (2.56%) Cisco Certification
5 11 (2.56%) CISM
6 9 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.86%) CCNA
7 8 (1.86%) CRISC
8 5 (1.17%) CISA
9 4 (0.93%) APMP
9 4 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.93%) CCNP
9 4 (0.93%) CESG Certified Professional
10 3 (0.70%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.47%) CCIP
11 2 (0.47%) CompTIA Security+
11 2 (0.47%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 2 (0.47%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (4.90%) QA
2 17 (3.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (3.50%) GDPR
4 13 (3.03%) NIST
5 11 (2.56%) Cyber Essentials
6 5 (1.17%) COBIT
6 5 (1.17%) NCSC
7 4 (0.93%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 3 (0.70%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.70%) PMO
8 3 (0.70%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.47%) GRC
9 2 (0.47%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.47%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.23%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.23%) IFRS
10 1 (0.23%) JSP 440
10 1 (0.23%) RMADS
10 1 (0.23%) SLA
System Software
1 55 (12.82%) Docker
2 34 (7.93%) Active Directory
2 34 (7.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (2.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (2.33%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (1.63%) Postfix
4 7 (1.63%) qmail
4 7 (1.63%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.93%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
6 3 (0.70%) NFS
7 2 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.47%) Veritas File System
8 1 (0.23%) Firmware
8 1 (0.23%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.23%) KVM
8 1 (0.23%) SRDF
8 1 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.23%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.23%) vSphere
8 1 (0.23%) Xen
Systems Management
1 72 (16.78%) Kubernetes
2 46 (10.72%) Terraform
3 35 (8.16%) Ansible
4 13 (3.03%) Puppet
5 7 (1.63%) Microsoft Intune
5 7 (1.63%) Single Sign-On
6 6 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (1.40%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 5 (1.17%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
7 5 (1.17%) SCCM
8 4 (0.93%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 4 (0.93%) CASB
9 3 (0.70%) HP Fortify
9 3 (0.70%) Icinga
9 3 (0.70%) Kibana
9 3 (0.70%) logstash
9 3 (0.70%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.70%) Tivoli
9 3 (0.70%) WebInspect
10 2 (0.47%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 106 (24.71%) Microsoft
2 68 (15.85%) Google
3 39 (9.09%) VMware
4 26 (6.06%) Oracle
5 20 (4.66%) IBM
5 20 (4.66%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (4.20%) Splunk
7 13 (3.03%) Rackspace
8 12 (2.80%) AppDynamics
9 11 (2.56%) Cisco
10 10 (2.33%) Databricks
10 10 (2.33%) EMC
10 10 (2.33%) New Relic
10 10 (2.33%) Red Hat
11 9 (2.10%) Xerox
12 8 (1.86%) NetApp
12 8 (1.86%) Parity
13 7 (1.63%) Dynatrace
13 7 (1.63%) Veeam
14 5 (1.17%) Meraki