Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 408 372 456
Rank change year-on-year -36 +84 +10
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 524 661 420
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.65% 0.46%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.05% 3.07% 3.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 334 425 247
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £350 £369 £323
90th Percentile £688 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £438
% change year-on-year -5.00% +14.29% -7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 10
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £30.77 £18.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.81% +65.70% -9.56%
10th Percentile £16.25 £17.24 £13.70
90th Percentile £56.00 £71.07 £29.77
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.75 £14.50 -
% change year-on-year +63.79% - -

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,589 21,535 12,987
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.07% 21.30% 14.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,560 14,703 8,950
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £306 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 348 310 186
UK median hourly rate £23.08 £18.95 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.80% -0.29% -3.11%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.98 £10.63
90th Percentile £62.00 £56.25 £60.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.49 £17.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +32.31% -2.86% +7.69%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 485 £500 -4.76% 44
London -44 270 £500 -7.62% 21
UK excluding London -5 253 £475 -5.00% 30
South East -16 65 £488 -9.30% 5
North of England +48 54 £450 -7.69% 6
South West +13 54 £475 - 1
Midlands -20 30 £600 +13.21% 6
Yorkshire +20 26 £414 -15.13% 1
Scotland +35 24 £425 -10.53% 6
West Midlands -41 22 £600 +13.21% 4
North West +30 20 £563 +9.76% 5
East of England -6 14 £475 +11.76% 5
Wales +13 9 £440 -16.19% 1
North East +31 8 £600 +14.29%
East Midlands +22 7 £550 +29.41% 2
Northern Ireland - 4 - -

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 266 (50.76%) Amazon AWS
2 241 (45.99%) Agile Software Development
3 212 (40.46%) Microsoft Azure
4 156 (29.77%) DevOps
5 132 (25.19%) Python
6 129 (24.62%) Microsoft
7 121 (23.09%) Finance
8 114 (21.76%) Windows
8 114 (21.76%) Java
9 112 (21.37%) Google
10 109 (20.80%) Linux
11 103 (19.66%) SQL
12 91 (17.37%) Continuous Integration
13 90 (17.18%) Docker
14 85 (16.22%) Ansible
15 81 (15.46%) Puppet
16 78 (14.89%) Google Cloud Platform
17 75 (14.31%) Jenkins
18 71 (13.55%) Test Automation
19 70 (13.36%) Migration
20 66 (12.60%) JavaScript
21 64 (12.21%) Kubernetes
22 63 (12.02%) Visualisation
23 61 (11.64%) Firewall
24 60 (11.45%) Opscode Chef
24 60 (11.45%) Continuous Delivery
25 58 (11.07%) Security Cleared
26 57 (10.88%) NoSQL
27 56 (10.69%) Software Engineering
27 56 (10.69%) Infrastructure as Code

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.73%) Apache Spark
2 29 (5.53%) Cloud Foundry
3 21 (4.01%) Apache
4 19 (3.63%) Confluence
5 14 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (2.67%) WebSphere
6 11 (2.10%) Skype for Business
7 9 (1.72%) IIS
7 9 (1.72%) MS Exchange
8 8 (1.53%) Exchange Server 2013
9 7 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (1.34%) Exchange Server 2010
9 7 (1.34%) JBoss
9 7 (1.34%) SharePoint
10 6 (1.15%) Apache ServiceMix
10 6 (1.15%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 5 (0.95%) Apache Pig
11 5 (0.95%) Apache Solr
11 5 (0.95%) CoreMedia CMS
Applications
1 28 (5.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (3.82%) Spreadsheet
3 13 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.38%) SPSS
4 2 (0.38%) Stata
5 1 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.19%) Fusion 360
5 1 (0.19%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.15%) Distributed Ledger
1 6 (1.15%) Magento
1 6 (1.15%) NetSuite
1 6 (1.15%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.95%) Fredhopper
3 4 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.57%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.38%) JDE OneWorld
5 2 (0.38%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.19%) Actimize
6 1 (0.19%) CA PPM
6 1 (0.19%) Lawson
6 1 (0.19%) Primavera
6 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 266 (50.76%) Amazon AWS
2 212 (40.46%) Microsoft Azure
3 78 (14.89%) Google Cloud Platform
4 36 (6.87%) Office 365
5 35 (6.68%) SaaS
6 31 (5.92%) Amazon S3
7 29 (5.53%) GitHub
8 28 (5.34%) PaaS
8 28 (5.34%) Serverless
9 22 (4.20%) Google Sheets
10 18 (3.44%) IaaS
11 16 (3.05%) Azure Active Directory
12 11 (2.10%) AWS CloudFormation
12 11 (2.10%) OpenShift
13 10 (1.91%) Amazon EMR
14 9 (1.72%) Apigee
15 8 (1.53%) NuGet
16 6 (1.15%) Amazon EC2
16 6 (1.15%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 5 (0.95%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 61 (11.64%) Firewall
2 39 (7.44%) DNS
3 37 (7.06%) WAN
4 36 (6.87%) Internet
5 30 (5.73%) TCP/IP
6 26 (4.96%) LAN
6 26 (4.96%) VPN
7 19 (3.63%) Network Security
7 19 (3.63%) Skype
8 17 (3.24%) HTTP
9 11 (2.10%) MPLS
9 11 (2.10%) NAS
10 10 (1.91%) Intrusion Detection
10 10 (1.91%) IPsec
11 9 (1.72%) DHCP
11 9 (1.72%) SAN
11 9 (1.72%) Unified Communications
11 9 (1.72%) Wireless
12 7 (1.34%) Ethernet
12 7 (1.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (10.88%) NoSQL
2 50 (9.54%) PostgreSQL
3 44 (8.40%) MongoDB
4 43 (8.21%) Big Data
5 31 (5.92%) SQL Server
6 30 (5.73%) Hadoop
7 29 (5.53%) Relational Database
8 28 (5.34%) MySQL
9 25 (4.77%) Apache Cassandra
10 20 (3.82%) Apache Hive
11 19 (3.63%) Blockchain
11 19 (3.63%) InfluxDB
12 18 (3.44%) CouchDB
12 18 (3.44%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (3.24%) Impala
14 11 (2.10%) RDBMS
15 8 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
15 8 (1.53%) HBase
16 7 (1.34%) Amazon Redshift
16 7 (1.34%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 75 (14.31%) Jenkins
2 53 (10.11%) Git (software)
3 37 (7.06%) JIRA
4 18 (3.44%) Maven
5 16 (3.05%) Subversion
6 14 (2.67%) Cucumber
6 14 (2.67%) Selenium
7 12 (2.29%) Mockito
8 11 (2.10%) JUnit
8 11 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
9 8 (1.53%) Vagrant
9 8 (1.53%) Visual Studio
9 8 (1.53%) Visual Studio Team System
10 6 (1.15%) git-flow
11 5 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
12 4 (0.76%) GitLab
12 4 (0.76%) Mercurial
12 4 (0.76%) NetBeans
12 4 (0.76%) TeamCity
12 4 (0.76%) Travis CI
General
1 121 (23.09%) Finance
2 40 (7.63%) Banking
3 20 (3.82%) Telecoms
4 18 (3.44%) Retail
5 12 (2.29%) Investment Banking
6 10 (1.91%) Front Office
7 7 (1.34%) Legal
8 6 (1.15%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.95%) Games
9 5 (0.95%) Publishing
10 3 (0.57%) Law
11 2 (0.38%) Back Office
11 2 (0.38%) General Ledger
12 1 (0.19%) Billing
12 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 114 (21.76%) Developer
2 82 (15.65%) Architect
3 54 (10.31%) DevOps Engineer
4 48 (9.16%) Analyst
5 38 (7.25%) Data Engineer
6 34 (6.49%) Consultant
7 28 (5.34%) AWS Engineer
7 28 (5.34%) Cloud Engineer
8 27 (5.15%) Business Analyst
9 26 (4.96%) Azure Engineer
10 23 (4.39%) AWS DevOps
11 22 (4.20%) Cloud Architect
11 22 (4.20%) Java Developer
12 21 (4.01%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 20 (3.82%) Solutions Architect
14 18 (3.44%) Infrastructure Architect
14 18 (3.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 18 (3.44%) Python Engineer
14 18 (3.44%) Senior Developer
15 16 (3.05%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (8.97%) Web Services
2 33 (6.30%) REST
3 31 (5.92%) AngularJS
4 27 (5.15%) .NET
5 25 (4.77%) Node.js
5 25 (4.77%) Servlets
6 24 (4.58%) HTML
6 24 (4.58%) Spring
7 23 (4.39%) CSS
7 23 (4.39%) React
8 21 (4.01%) RESTful
9 19 (3.63%) Natural Language Processing
10 18 (3.44%) Flask
10 18 (3.44%) SOAP
11 16 (3.05%) Django
12 14 (2.67%) .NET Framework
13 13 (2.48%) Kafka
14 12 (2.29%) Apache Camel
14 12 (2.29%) HTML5
14 12 (2.29%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 42 (8.02%) Data Centre
2 34 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (4.58%) Public Cloud
4 20 (3.82%) Robotics
5 14 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (2.67%) Mobile App
6 13 (2.48%) Algorithms
6 13 (2.48%) Video Conferencing
7 12 (2.29%) Cloud Native
8 11 (2.10%) iSeries
8 11 (2.10%) Mainframe
8 11 (2.10%) Management Information System
9 10 (1.91%) Blackberry
9 10 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (1.53%) BYOD
10 8 (1.53%) Internet of Things
10 8 (1.53%) PKI
10 8 (1.53%) Replication
11 7 (1.34%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 114 (21.76%) Windows
2 109 (20.80%) Linux
3 40 (7.63%) Unix
4 34 (6.49%) Windows Server
5 17 (3.24%) Android
6 16 (3.05%) Apple iOS
6 16 (3.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (1.91%) CentOS
7 10 (1.91%) Windows 10
8 8 (1.53%) Windows Server 2008
8 8 (1.53%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (1.15%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.95%) Debian
11 3 (0.57%) Fedora
11 3 (0.57%) VMS
11 3 (0.57%) zOS
12 2 (0.38%) AIX
12 2 (0.38%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.38%) Solaris
12 2 (0.38%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 241 (45.99%) Agile Software Development
2 156 (29.77%) DevOps
3 91 (17.37%) Continuous Integration
4 71 (13.55%) Test Automation
5 70 (13.36%) Migration
6 63 (12.02%) Visualisation
7 60 (11.45%) Continuous Delivery
8 56 (10.69%) Infrastructure as Code
8 56 (10.69%) Software Engineering
9 55 (10.50%) Scrum
10 52 (9.92%) Problem-Solving
11 50 (9.54%) Analytics
11 50 (9.54%) Data Visualisation
12 49 (9.35%) Microservices
13 47 (8.97%) Open Source
14 42 (8.02%) Configuration Management
14 42 (8.02%) Unit Testing
15 40 (7.63%) ETL
15 40 (7.63%) Stakeholder Management
16 38 (7.25%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 132 (25.19%) Python
2 114 (21.76%) Java
3 103 (19.66%) SQL
4 66 (12.60%) JavaScript
5 40 (7.63%) PowerShell
5 40 (7.63%) Ruby
6 38 (7.25%) Go
7 31 (5.92%) Perl
8 30 (5.73%) Bash Shell
9 28 (5.34%) C#
10 22 (4.20%) Scala
11 20 (3.82%) C
12 17 (3.24%) PHP
12 17 (3.24%) R
13 16 (3.05%) C++
13 16 (3.05%) PL/SQL
14 12 (2.29%) TypeScript
15 11 (2.10%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.53%) ES6
16 8 (1.53%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 58 (11.07%) Security Cleared
2 49 (9.35%) Degree
3 44 (8.40%) SC Cleared
4 21 (4.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (3.24%) Cisco Certification
6 16 (3.05%) CCNA
6 16 (3.05%) Microsoft Certification
7 14 (2.67%) MCSE
8 11 (2.10%) DV Cleared
9 9 (1.72%) Master's Degree
10 8 (1.53%) CCNP
10 8 (1.53%) CISSP
11 7 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (1.15%) CCIP
12 6 (1.15%) CISA
13 5 (0.95%) TOGAF Certification
14 4 (0.76%) APMP
14 4 (0.76%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.76%) CCDP
14 4 (0.76%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.63%) QA
2 12 (2.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (1.34%) COBIT
4 5 (0.95%) NIST
5 4 (0.76%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.57%) NCSC
7 2 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.38%) GDPR
7 2 (0.38%) HL7
7 2 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.19%) GLBA
8 1 (0.19%) ISO 22301
8 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.19%) PMBOK
8 1 (0.19%) PMO
8 1 (0.19%) SLA
System Software
1 90 (17.18%) Docker
2 47 (8.97%) Active Directory
3 25 (4.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (3.24%) HDFS
5 12 (2.29%) vSphere
6 8 (1.53%) Apache Flume
7 5 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.95%) KVM
7 5 (0.95%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 5 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.95%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.76%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.57%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.57%) Xen
10 2 (0.38%) Firmware
10 2 (0.38%) oVirt
11 1 (0.19%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.19%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 85 (16.22%) Ansible
2 81 (15.46%) Puppet
3 64 (12.21%) Kubernetes
4 60 (11.45%) Opscode Chef
5 43 (8.21%) Terraform
6 19 (3.63%) Packer
7 18 (3.44%) Consul
8 9 (1.72%) Microsoft Intune
8 9 (1.72%) Salt
9 8 (1.53%) Hadoop YARN
9 8 (1.53%) SCCM
10 7 (1.34%) AirWatch
10 7 (1.34%) Kibana
11 5 (0.95%) NetBackup
11 5 (0.95%) Oozie
12 4 (0.76%) Istio
12 4 (0.76%) QRadar
12 4 (0.76%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 129 (24.62%) Microsoft
2 112 (21.37%) Google
3 45 (8.59%) VMware
4 43 (8.21%) Oracle
5 36 (6.87%) EMC
6 34 (6.49%) Cisco
7 30 (5.73%) Tableau
8 29 (5.53%) NetApp
9 22 (4.20%) TOWER Software
10 19 (3.63%) Red Hat
11 18 (3.44%) IBM
12 16 (3.05%) HP
13 13 (2.48%) Juniper
14 11 (2.10%) Citrix
15 8 (1.53%) SAP
16 7 (1.34%) Databricks
16 7 (1.34%) hybris
16 7 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
17 6 (1.15%) Aruba
17 6 (1.15%) Elastic Path