Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 390 383 462
Rank change year-on-year -7 +79 +2
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 494 665 494
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.64% 0.49%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.02% 2.76% 3.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 326 420 264
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £333
90th Percentile £688 £685 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £500
% change year-on-year - -5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 0 5
UK median hourly rate £17.50 - £15.99
10th Percentile £16.25 - £12.25
90th Percentile £53.75 - £26.07
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 - £13.50

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,507 24,106 16,207
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.94% 23.30% 16.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,798 16,643 11,199
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £291 £303 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 413 338 231
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -12.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £73.75 £58.25 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.76 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +24.34% -5.41% +8.82%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 468 £525 - 181
London +44 272 £540 +2.86% 67
UK excluding London -38 217 £475 - 138
South East -3 77 £450 -5.26% 34
South West +4 41 £500 +8.11% 17
North of England +1 35 £456 -6.89% 33
Midlands +21 30 £600 +14.29% 15
West Midlands +14 27 £600 +14.29% 9
North West +21 17 £469 -11.76% 15
Scotland +7 16 £500 +11.11% 18
East of England +25 15 £400 -5.88% 15
Yorkshire +10 15 £420 -11.58% 10
Wales - 4 £550 - 3
North East +7 3 £600 +6.67% 8
East Midlands +17 2 - - 6
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 221 (44.74%) AWS
2 211 (42.71%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (38.66%) Azure
4 149 (30.16%) DevOps
5 128 (25.91%) Microsoft
6 106 (21.46%) Java
7 98 (19.84%) Linux
7 98 (19.84%) Python
8 96 (19.43%) SQL
9 89 (18.02%) Web Services
10 85 (17.21%) Finance
11 83 (16.80%) Windows
11 83 (16.80%) Docker
12 80 (16.19%) Security Cleared
13 69 (13.97%) Microservices
14 67 (13.56%) Google
14 67 (13.56%) JavaScript
15 65 (13.16%) Firewall
16 63 (12.75%) SC Cleared
17 60 (12.15%) GCP
17 60 (12.15%) Kubernetes
18 59 (11.94%) Degree
19 58 (11.74%) Analytics
19 58 (11.74%) Puppet
20 57 (11.54%) Continuous Integration
21 56 (11.34%) Git (software)
21 56 (11.34%) Scrum
22 55 (11.13%) Jenkins
22 55 (11.13%) Ansible
22 55 (11.13%) Terraform

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (4.25%) Apache Spark
2 19 (3.85%) Confluence
3 16 (3.24%) Apache
3 16 (3.24%) Jupyter
4 12 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (2.02%) IIS
6 9 (1.82%) SharePoint
6 9 (1.82%) WebSphere
7 8 (1.62%) BizTalk Server
7 8 (1.62%) OpenStack
8 7 (1.42%) Apache Airflow
9 6 (1.21%) Apache ServiceMix
9 6 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.81%) NServiceBus
11 3 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.61%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.61%) CMS
11 3 (0.61%) CoreMedia CMS
11 3 (0.61%) nginx
11 3 (0.61%) SAS
Applications
1 22 (4.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (3.64%) Spreadsheet
3 15 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.20%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 13 (2.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.42%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.81%) Magento
3 4 (0.81%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.61%) FINCAD Analytics
4 3 (0.61%) Fredhopper
5 2 (0.40%) JDE OneWorld
6 1 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.20%) Lawson
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.20%) PeopleSoft Financials
6 1 (0.20%) SAP CAR
6 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.20%) SAP Retail
6 1 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 221 (44.74%) AWS
2 191 (38.66%) Azure
3 60 (12.15%) GCP
4 45 (9.11%) SaaS
5 41 (8.30%) PaaS
6 39 (7.89%) GitHub
7 36 (7.29%) IaaS
8 33 (6.68%) Serverless
9 28 (5.67%) Amazon S3
10 24 (4.86%) Office 365
11 19 (3.85%) Google Sheets
12 16 (3.24%) AWS Lambda
12 16 (3.24%) Azure Active Directory
13 15 (3.04%) Dynamics 365
14 14 (2.83%) Power Platform
15 13 (2.63%) Amazon SQS
16 11 (2.23%) AWS CloudFormation
17 9 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
17 9 (1.82%) OpenShift
18 7 (1.42%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 65 (13.16%) Firewall
2 50 (10.12%) Internet
3 37 (7.49%) VPN
4 35 (7.09%) DNS
5 29 (5.87%) TCP/IP
6 27 (5.47%) WAN
7 25 (5.06%) Network Security
8 15 (3.04%) LAN
9 13 (2.63%) Reverse Proxy
10 12 (2.43%) NAS
11 11 (2.23%) HTTP
11 11 (2.23%) MPLS
12 10 (2.02%) Intrusion Detection
12 10 (2.02%) IPsec
12 10 (2.02%) SAN
12 10 (2.02%) Unified Communications
13 9 (1.82%) ADSL
13 9 (1.82%) Ethernet
14 8 (1.62%) PPP
14 8 (1.62%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (10.12%) NoSQL
2 46 (9.31%) PostgreSQL
3 38 (7.69%) MySQL
3 38 (7.69%) SQL Server
4 37 (7.49%) Big Data
5 27 (5.47%) MongoDB
5 27 (5.47%) Relational Database
6 18 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
7 17 (3.44%) Hadoop
8 14 (2.83%) Power BI
9 10 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
10 9 (1.82%) Azure SQL Database
10 9 (1.82%) Blockchain
11 8 (1.62%) InfluxDB
12 7 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 7 (1.42%) BigQuery
13 6 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
13 6 (1.21%) Data Lake
13 6 (1.21%) Triplestore
14 5 (1.01%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 56 (11.34%) Git (software)
2 55 (11.13%) Jenkins
3 46 (9.31%) JIRA
4 20 (4.05%) Visual Studio Team System
5 16 (3.24%) Visual Studio
6 15 (3.04%) Team Foundation Server
7 13 (2.63%) Maven
7 13 (2.63%) Selenium
7 13 (2.63%) Vagrant
8 12 (2.43%) Cucumber
9 10 (2.02%) Mockito
10 9 (1.82%) git-flow
10 9 (1.82%) GitLab
11 8 (1.62%) JUnit
12 6 (1.21%) Gradle
13 5 (1.01%) Bitbucket
13 5 (1.01%) Grunt
13 5 (1.01%) TeamCity
13 5 (1.01%) webpack
14 2 (0.40%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 85 (17.21%) Finance
2 27 (5.47%) Public Sector
2 27 (5.47%) Telecoms
3 25 (5.06%) Banking
4 17 (3.44%) Publishing
5 14 (2.83%) Front Office
5 14 (2.83%) Law
5 14 (2.83%) Retail
6 13 (2.63%) Investment Banking
7 8 (1.62%) Marketing
8 7 (1.42%) Games
9 3 (0.61%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.61%) Legal
9 3 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.40%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.40%) Police
11 1 (0.20%) Military
11 1 (0.20%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 123 (24.90%) Developer
2 88 (17.81%) Architect
3 48 (9.72%) Cloud Engineer
4 34 (6.88%) DevOps Engineer
5 31 (6.28%) Analyst
6 28 (5.67%) Senior Developer
7 27 (5.47%) Azure Engineer
7 27 (5.47%) Data Engineer
8 26 (5.26%) Java Developer
9 24 (4.86%) Solutions Architect
10 23 (4.66%) Consultant
11 22 (4.45%) Business Analyst
12 20 (4.05%) Cloud Architect
12 20 (4.05%) Network Engineer
13 15 (3.04%) Infrastructure Architect
13 15 (3.04%) Security Engineer
14 14 (2.83%) .NET Developer
14 14 (2.83%) AWS Engineer
15 13 (2.63%) Software Engineer
16 12 (2.43%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 89 (18.02%) Web Services
2 38 (7.69%) .NET
2 38 (7.69%) React
3 37 (7.49%) HTML
4 33 (6.68%) Node.js
5 28 (5.67%) RESTful
6 25 (5.06%) Spring
7 24 (4.86%) CSS
8 22 (4.45%) REST
9 19 (3.85%) AngularJS
10 18 (3.64%) JSON
11 17 (3.44%) .NET Framework
11 17 (3.44%) TensorFlow
12 16 (3.24%) XML
13 12 (2.43%) J2EE
13 12 (2.43%) LAMP
13 12 (2.43%) SOAP
13 12 (2.43%) Spring Boot
14 11 (2.23%) Apache Camel
14 11 (2.23%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 31 (6.28%) Data Centre
2 26 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (4.66%) Public Cloud
4 21 (4.25%) Enterprise Software
5 19 (3.85%) Self-Motivation
6 17 (3.44%) Greenfield Project
6 17 (3.44%) Management Information System
7 15 (3.04%) Cloud Native
8 14 (2.83%) Replication
8 14 (2.83%) User Experience
9 13 (2.63%) Internet of Things
10 12 (2.43%) Mobile App
10 12 (2.43%) Robotics
11 11 (2.23%) Grid Computing
12 10 (2.02%) Algorithms
12 10 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 9 (1.82%) Data Structures
14 8 (1.62%) BYOD
15 7 (1.42%) PKI
16 6 (1.21%) Semantic Web
Operating Systems
1 98 (19.84%) Linux
2 83 (16.80%) Windows
3 29 (5.87%) Windows Server
4 17 (3.44%) Windows 10
5 14 (2.83%) CentOS
6 13 (2.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (2.23%) Unix
8 7 (1.42%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (1.21%) Apple iOS
10 5 (1.01%) Android
11 4 (0.81%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.61%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.40%) VMS
14 1 (0.20%) Data ONTAP
14 1 (0.20%) Debian
14 1 (0.20%) Fedora
14 1 (0.20%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 211 (42.71%) Agile Software Development
2 149 (30.16%) DevOps
3 69 (13.97%) Microservices
4 58 (11.74%) Analytics
5 57 (11.54%) Continuous Integration
6 56 (11.34%) Scrum
7 53 (10.73%) Software Engineering
7 53 (10.73%) Visualisation
8 52 (10.53%) Migration
9 51 (10.32%) Open Source
9 51 (10.32%) Test Automation
10 48 (9.72%) Artificial Intelligence
10 48 (9.72%) TDD
11 46 (9.31%) Machine Learning
12 44 (8.91%) Unit Testing
13 42 (8.50%) Computer Science
14 39 (7.89%) Continuous Delivery
14 39 (7.89%) Information Security
15 37 (7.49%) Data Visualisation
16 36 (7.29%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 106 (21.46%) Java
2 98 (19.84%) Python
3 96 (19.43%) SQL
4 67 (13.56%) JavaScript
5 51 (10.32%) C#
6 38 (7.69%) PowerShell
7 36 (7.29%) Bash Shell
8 32 (6.48%) Ruby
9 27 (5.47%) C++
10 23 (4.66%) C
10 23 (4.66%) Go
11 21 (4.25%) Scala
12 15 (3.04%) PHP
13 14 (2.83%) PL/SQL
14 13 (2.63%) Perl
15 12 (2.43%) R
15 12 (2.43%) Shell Script
16 11 (2.23%) ES6
16 11 (2.23%) Java 8
17 8 (1.62%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 80 (16.19%) Security Cleared
2 63 (12.75%) SC Cleared
3 59 (11.94%) Degree
4 12 (2.43%) Master's Degree
5 11 (2.23%) CCNA
5 11 (2.23%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (2.02%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (1.82%) CCIP
7 9 (1.82%) CCNP
8 8 (1.62%) CCDP
8 8 (1.62%) CISSP
8 8 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (1.42%) BC Cleared
9 7 (1.42%) DV Cleared
10 6 (1.21%) PhD
11 5 (1.01%) CISA
11 5 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.81%) MCSE
13 3 (0.61%) CISM
14 2 (0.40%) CIMA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.64%) QA
2 11 (2.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (1.42%) COBIT
4 6 (1.21%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 4 (0.81%) SLA
6 3 (0.61%) GDPR
7 2 (0.40%) HL7
7 2 (0.40%) ITGC
7 2 (0.40%) NIST
8 1 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.20%) NCSC
8 1 (0.20%) PMO
System Software
1 83 (16.80%) Docker
2 32 (6.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (6.28%) Active Directory
4 10 (2.02%) vSphere
5 5 (1.01%) oVirt
6 4 (0.81%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.61%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.20%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.20%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.20%) HDFS
9 1 (0.20%) KVM
9 1 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.20%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.20%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 60 (12.15%) Kubernetes
2 58 (11.74%) Puppet
3 55 (11.13%) Ansible
3 55 (11.13%) Terraform
4 29 (5.87%) Opscode Chef
5 23 (4.66%) Packer
6 22 (4.45%) Consul
7 11 (2.23%) Microsoft Intune
8 7 (1.42%) Kibana
8 7 (1.42%) SCCM
9 5 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (0.81%) Nagios
11 3 (0.61%) logstash
11 3 (0.61%) Salt
11 3 (0.61%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 2 (0.40%) AirWatch
12 2 (0.40%) NetBackup
12 2 (0.40%) Prometheus
12 2 (0.40%) QRadar
12 2 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 128 (25.91%) Microsoft
2 67 (13.56%) Google
3 42 (8.50%) VMware
4 36 (7.29%) Cisco
5 33 (6.68%) Oracle
6 19 (3.85%) Citrix
7 16 (3.24%) Tableau
8 12 (2.43%) Palo Alto
9 11 (2.23%) EMC
10 10 (2.02%) AlgoSec
10 10 (2.02%) Juniper
10 10 (2.02%) Zscaler
11 9 (1.82%) Splunk
12 8 (1.62%) Alcatel-Lucent
12 8 (1.62%) IBM
12 8 (1.62%) NetApp
12 8 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (1.42%) Databricks
13 7 (1.42%) ServiceNow
14 6 (1.21%) ForgeRock