Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 314 397 376
Rank change year-on-year +83 -21 +41
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 368 347 662
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.77% 0.53% 0.68%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.25% 1.74% 2.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 304 250 420
Median daily rate £500 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% -
10th Percentile £400 £356 £363
90th Percentile £684 £675 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £505
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.94% -3.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 9 5
Median hourly rate £19.50 £19.50 £18.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.50% -17.56%
10th Percentile £17.45 £17.37 £17.36
90th Percentile £19.75 £30.35 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year - -35.00% +106.90%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 16,330 19,921 25,556
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.95% 30.16% 26.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,639 14,000 17,960
Median daily rate £500 £493 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.52% -1.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £310 £280 £310
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 315 302 264
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.30 £12.76 £11.50
90th Percentile £61.00 £60.70 £47.85
Median hourly rate £19.50 £19.00 £17.43
% change year-on-year +2.63% +9.01% +16.20%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 7 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +126 325 £525 +5.00% 153
London +84 196 £525 -0.94% 54
UK excluding London +98 119 £500 +5.26% 118
Work from Home -162 88 £500 +13.64% 37
South East +75 44 £500 - 28
North of England +66 22 £500 - 22
Midlands +47 21 £475 +5.56% 13
West Midlands +37 14 £500 +11.11% 10
South West +67 13 £525 -4.55% 24
East of England +62 12 £400 -1.54% 11
Yorkshire +36 11 £500 +11.11% 4
North West +49 8 £500 -2.72% 18
East Midlands +23 7 £475 +5.56% 3
Scotland +16 4 £400 +6.67% 12
North East +29 3 £700 +40.00%
Wales +20 2 £388 -29.55% 7
Northern Ireland - 1 £400 - 1

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 188 (51.09%) AWS
2 185 (50.27%) Azure
3 88 (23.91%) Microsoft
4 84 (22.83%) DevOps
5 79 (21.47%) Agile Software Development
6 73 (19.84%) Python
7 66 (17.93%) Kubernetes
8 64 (17.39%) GCP
8 64 (17.39%) Linux
9 63 (17.12%) Docker
10 60 (16.30%) Finance
11 57 (15.49%) Security Cleared
12 55 (14.95%) PaaS
13 54 (14.67%) Java
14 53 (14.40%) Google
15 52 (14.13%) SQL
15 52 (14.13%) Microservices
16 49 (13.32%) JavaScript
16 49 (13.32%) SaaS
17 48 (13.04%) VMware
18 44 (11.96%) Terraform
19 43 (11.68%) IaaS
20 42 (11.41%) C#
21 41 (11.14%) REST
22 39 (10.60%) .NET
22 39 (10.60%) Windows
23 38 (10.33%) SC Cleared
23 38 (10.33%) Node.js
24 37 (10.05%) Public Sector
24 37 (10.05%) TDD

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (5.43%) Apache
2 13 (3.53%) OpenStack
3 12 (3.26%) Apache Airflow
4 10 (2.72%) Apache Spark
4 10 (2.72%) NServiceBus
5 9 (2.45%) Ethereum
6 8 (2.17%) Confluence
7 6 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (1.63%) SharePoint
7 6 (1.63%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.63%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.63%) WebSphere Application Server
8 5 (1.36%) Apache ServiceMix
8 5 (1.36%) IBM Domino
9 4 (1.09%) IIS
9 4 (1.09%) Mule
10 3 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.82%) JBoss
10 3 (0.82%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.54%) Luigi
Applications
1 12 (3.26%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.36%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.54%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (1.90%) Magento
2 6 (1.63%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (1.36%) Shopify
4 3 (0.82%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.27%) JDE OneWorld
5 1 (0.27%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.27%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.27%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.27%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.27%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 188 (51.09%) AWS
2 185 (50.27%) Azure
3 64 (17.39%) GCP
4 55 (14.95%) PaaS
5 49 (13.32%) SaaS
6 43 (11.68%) IaaS
7 23 (6.25%) Serverless
8 16 (4.35%) Microsoft 365
9 11 (2.99%) Amazon ECS
10 10 (2.72%) GitHub
11 8 (2.17%) AWS Lambda
12 7 (1.90%) Azure Functions
13 6 (1.63%) Amazon S3
14 5 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
15 4 (1.09%) Azure Active Directory
15 4 (1.09%) IBM Cloud
16 3 (0.82%) Amazon ELB
16 3 (0.82%) Boomi
16 3 (0.82%) CloudFront
16 3 (0.82%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 32 (8.70%) Network Security
2 28 (7.61%) Firewall
3 24 (6.52%) DNS
4 15 (4.08%) TCP/IP
5 14 (3.80%) HTTP
5 14 (3.80%) Internet
6 13 (3.53%) Intrusion Detection
6 13 (3.53%) LAN
6 13 (3.53%) VoIP
6 13 (3.53%) VPN
6 13 (3.53%) WAN
7 12 (3.26%) Wireless
8 9 (2.45%) MPLS
8 9 (2.45%) Unified Communications
9 7 (1.90%) BGP
9 7 (1.90%) DHCP
9 7 (1.90%) Multicast
9 7 (1.90%) VLAN
10 6 (1.63%) IPFS
10 6 (1.63%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (8.15%) NoSQL
2 23 (6.25%) Big Data
3 18 (4.89%) MongoDB
3 18 (4.89%) Relational Database
4 17 (4.62%) SQL Server
5 16 (4.35%) Amazon RDS
6 15 (4.08%) MySQL
7 14 (3.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (2.45%) Azure SQL Database
8 9 (2.45%) Blockchain
8 9 (2.45%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (2.45%) PostgreSQL
9 8 (2.17%) DB2
9 8 (2.17%) Hazelcast
9 8 (2.17%) Redis
10 7 (1.90%) Amazon Redshift
11 6 (1.63%) Data Mining
11 6 (1.63%) Flink
12 5 (1.36%) Hadoop
12 5 (1.36%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 22 (5.98%) Git (software)
2 21 (5.71%) Jenkins
3 17 (4.62%) JIRA
4 15 (4.08%) TeamCity
5 10 (2.72%) webpack
6 9 (2.45%) Cypress.io
7 8 (2.17%) Selenium
8 7 (1.90%) JMeter
9 6 (1.63%) Octopus Deploy
10 4 (1.09%) Eclipse
10 4 (1.09%) IntelliJ
10 4 (1.09%) Jasmine
10 4 (1.09%) Mocha
10 4 (1.09%) Team Foundation Server
11 3 (0.82%) Cucumber
11 3 (0.82%) JUnit
11 3 (0.82%) Serena SBM
11 3 (0.82%) Sinon.JS
11 3 (0.82%) Subversion
11 3 (0.82%) Visual Studio
General
1 60 (16.30%) Finance
2 37 (10.05%) Public Sector
3 22 (5.98%) Banking
4 12 (3.26%) Telecoms
5 8 (2.17%) Investment Banking
5 8 (2.17%) Retail
6 6 (1.63%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.09%) Legal
7 4 (1.09%) Local Government
7 4 (1.09%) Marketing
8 3 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.54%) Billing
9 2 (0.54%) French Language
9 2 (0.54%) Front Office
9 2 (0.54%) International Banking
9 2 (0.54%) Law
9 2 (0.54%) Spanish Language
10 1 (0.27%) Mandarin Language
10 1 (0.27%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 89 (24.18%) Developer
2 69 (18.75%) Architect
3 28 (7.61%) Consultant
4 25 (6.79%) DevOps Engineer
5 24 (6.52%) Cloud Engineer
6 22 (5.98%) Security Architect
7 20 (5.43%) Java Developer
8 17 (4.62%) Cloud Architect
8 17 (4.62%) Software Engineer
9 13 (3.53%) .NET Developer
9 13 (3.53%) Full Stack Developer
10 12 (3.26%) C# Developer
11 10 (2.72%) AWS DevOps
11 10 (2.72%) AWS Engineer
11 10 (2.72%) Cloud Consultant
11 10 (2.72%) Security Consultant
12 9 (2.45%) Administrator
12 9 (2.45%) Data Architect
12 9 (2.45%) Network Engineer
12 9 (2.45%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (11.14%) REST
2 39 (10.60%) .NET
3 38 (10.33%) Node.js
4 33 (8.97%) Web Services
5 27 (7.34%) Kafka
6 21 (5.71%) RESTful
7 20 (5.43%) JSON
8 19 (5.16%) AngularJS
8 19 (5.16%) HTML
9 17 (4.62%) .NET Core
9 17 (4.62%) Spring
10 16 (4.35%) React
11 15 (4.08%) ASP.NET
12 14 (3.80%) RabbitMQ
12 14 (3.80%) XML
13 12 (3.26%) ASP.NET Web API
13 12 (3.26%) CSS
13 12 (3.26%) GraphQL
14 11 (2.99%) Redux
14 11 (2.99%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 26 (7.07%) Analytical Skills
2 20 (5.43%) Data Centre
2 20 (5.43%) Management Information System
3 14 (3.80%) User Experience
4 13 (3.53%) Greenfield Project
4 13 (3.53%) Public Cloud
5 11 (2.99%) Data Structures
6 10 (2.72%) Clustering
6 10 (2.72%) Hybrid Cloud
6 10 (2.72%) PKI
7 9 (2.45%) Cloud Native
8 8 (2.17%) Algorithms
8 8 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (1.90%) Enterprise Cloud
10 6 (1.63%) Video Conferencing
11 5 (1.36%) Grid Computing
11 5 (1.36%) Mobile App
12 4 (1.09%) Smart Energy
13 3 (0.82%) EMC VMAX
13 3 (0.82%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 64 (17.39%) Linux
2 39 (10.60%) Windows
3 30 (8.15%) Unix
4 7 (1.90%) Android
4 7 (1.90%) Apple iOS
5 6 (1.63%) AIX
5 6 (1.63%) Solaris
6 4 (1.09%) MVS
7 3 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.82%) SUSE
7 3 (0.82%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.54%) CentOS
8 2 (0.54%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.54%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
8 2 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (0.54%) Windows Server 2019
9 1 (0.27%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (22.83%) DevOps
2 79 (21.47%) Agile Software Development
3 52 (14.13%) Microservices
4 37 (10.05%) Software Engineering
4 37 (10.05%) TDD
5 33 (8.97%) Unit Testing
6 32 (8.70%) Migration
7 31 (8.42%) Problem-Solving
8 29 (7.88%) Cybersecurity
8 29 (7.88%) Security Architecture
9 26 (7.07%) BDD
9 26 (7.07%) Information Security
9 26 (7.07%) Risk Management
10 25 (6.79%) Scrum
10 25 (6.79%) Test Automation
11 24 (6.52%) Continuous Delivery
11 24 (6.52%) Disaster Recovery
11 24 (6.52%) Fintech
12 23 (6.25%) Open Source
13 22 (5.98%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 73 (19.84%) Python
2 54 (14.67%) Java
3 52 (14.13%) SQL
4 49 (13.32%) JavaScript
5 42 (11.41%) C#
6 19 (5.16%) Go
6 19 (5.16%) Ruby
7 17 (4.62%) Bash Shell
8 15 (4.08%) PowerShell
9 13 (3.53%) TypeScript
10 11 (2.99%) Java 8
10 11 (2.99%) Kotlin
11 10 (2.72%) T-SQL
12 8 (2.17%) C++
12 8 (2.17%) PHP
13 7 (1.90%) R
14 6 (1.63%) Groovy
14 6 (1.63%) Perl
14 6 (1.63%) Scala
14 6 (1.63%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 57 (15.49%) Security Cleared
2 38 (10.33%) SC Cleared
3 24 (6.52%) Degree
4 20 (5.43%) CISSP
5 16 (4.35%) CISM
6 14 (3.80%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (3.26%) CRISC
8 11 (2.99%) CESG Certified Professional
9 9 (2.45%) CCNA
10 8 (2.17%) CCNP
11 6 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
12 5 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
13 4 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (1.09%) TOGAF Certification
14 3 (0.82%) ACCA
14 3 (0.82%) BC Cleared
14 3 (0.82%) CCDP
14 3 (0.82%) CCIP
14 3 (0.82%) CISA
14 3 (0.82%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 16 (4.35%) QA
3 12 (3.26%) Cyber Essentials
3 12 (3.26%) NIST
4 10 (2.72%) GDPR
4 10 (2.72%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 9 (2.45%) JSP 440
5 9 (2.45%) NCSC
6 6 (1.63%) COBIT
7 5 (1.36%) PCI DSS
8 4 (1.09%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.54%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.54%) ISO 13485
9 2 (0.54%) SLA
10 1 (0.27%) IFRS
10 1 (0.27%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.27%) PMO
10 1 (0.27%) RMADS
System Software
1 63 (17.12%) Docker
2 34 (9.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (6.25%) Active Directory
4 9 (2.45%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (2.45%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (2.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (1.90%) KVM
7 6 (1.63%) Hyper-V
7 6 (1.63%) Xen
8 5 (1.36%) Postfix
8 5 (1.36%) qmail
9 4 (1.09%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 4 (1.09%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.82%) NFS
10 3 (0.82%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.54%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 2 (0.54%) Firmware
11 2 (0.54%) Veritas File System
12 1 (0.27%) oVirt
12 1 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 66 (17.93%) Kubernetes
2 44 (11.96%) Terraform
3 36 (9.78%) Ansible
4 14 (3.80%) Single Sign-On
5 11 (2.99%) Puppet
6 5 (1.36%) CASB
7 4 (1.09%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (1.09%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 3 (0.82%) Cisco CUCM
8 3 (0.82%) Cisco Prime
8 3 (0.82%) Control-M
8 3 (0.82%) EMC NetWorker
8 3 (0.82%) Icinga
8 3 (0.82%) ITRS Geneos
8 3 (0.82%) Netcool
8 3 (0.82%) QRadar
8 3 (0.82%) Tivoli
8 3 (0.82%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 2 (0.54%) SCCM
9 2 (0.54%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 88 (23.91%) Microsoft
2 53 (14.40%) Google
3 48 (13.04%) VMware
4 25 (6.79%) Oracle
5 22 (5.98%) IBM
6 18 (4.89%) Splunk
7 17 (4.62%) Cisco
8 10 (2.72%) EMC
8 10 (2.72%) New Relic
8 10 (2.72%) SAP
9 8 (2.17%) AppDynamics
9 8 (2.17%) Rackspace
10 6 (1.63%) Atlassian
10 6 (1.63%) Citrix
10 6 (1.63%) NetApp
10 6 (1.63%) Palo Alto
10 6 (1.63%) Red Hat
10 6 (1.63%) ServiceNow
11 5 (1.36%) Dell
11 5 (1.36%) SolarWinds