Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 331 396 391
Rank change year-on-year +65 -5 +58
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 209 494 673
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.64% 0.58% 0.65%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.02% 2.01% 2.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 138 342 435
Median daily rate £500 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +2.44% -4.65%
10th Percentile £354 £368 £363
90th Percentile £688 £688 £684
UK excluding London median daily rate £444 £480 £488
% change year-on-year -7.55% -1.54% -4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 9 0
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.43% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 -
% change year-on-year +11.43% - -

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 10,362 24,592 24,354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.71% 29.06% 23.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,743 16,836 16,854
Median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +2.70%
10th Percentile £306 £294 £305
90th Percentile £675 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 226 417 337
Median hourly rate £31.25 £21.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.35% +22.86% -12.50%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £75.25 £56.75
Median hourly rate £22.66 £21.34 £17.50
% change year-on-year +6.19% +21.94% -2.78%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +72 193 £500 -4.76% 109
London +53 118 £525 -2.10% 47
UK excluding London +117 69 £444 -7.55% 67
Work from Home -92 35 £520 +9.47% 13
South East +119 31 £389 -13.50% 19
South West +82 12 £425 -20.93% 10
Midlands +71 12 £375 -37.50% 9
North of England +87 9 £620 +34.05% 16
West Midlands +49 8 £351 -41.46% 7
Yorkshire +63 5 £620 +49.40% 4
East Midlands +52 4 £375 - 1
Scotland +62 3 £450 +4.96% 5
North West +75 2 £500 +5.26% 10
East of England +74 2 £525 +31.25% 6
North East +38 2 £695 +15.83% 2

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 96 (45.93%) AWS
2 83 (39.71%) Azure
3 68 (32.54%) Agile Software Development
4 58 (27.75%) DevOps
5 50 (23.92%) Python
6 48 (22.97%) Finance
7 44 (21.05%) Microsoft
8 43 (20.57%) Java
9 42 (20.10%) Windows
10 41 (19.62%) JavaScript
11 36 (17.22%) Linux
12 35 (16.75%) Kubernetes
13 34 (16.27%) GCP
14 31 (14.83%) Software Engineering
15 30 (14.35%) Web Services
15 30 (14.35%) PaaS
15 30 (14.35%) Docker
16 29 (13.88%) Migration
16 29 (13.88%) VMware
17 28 (13.40%) React
18 27 (12.92%) SaaS
19 26 (12.44%) Node.js
19 26 (12.44%) Continuous Integration
19 26 (12.44%) Security Cleared
20 25 (11.96%) AngularJS
21 24 (11.48%) IaaS
21 24 (11.48%) C#
22 23 (11.00%) Active Directory
22 23 (11.00%) Information Security
22 23 (11.00%) VMware Infrastructure

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (5.74%) Apache
2 11 (5.26%) Apache Spark
2 11 (5.26%) IIS
3 10 (4.78%) CMS
4 8 (3.83%) Apache Airflow
5 7 (3.35%) SharePoint
6 6 (2.87%) Confluence
7 4 (1.91%) OpenStack
8 3 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (0.96%) BizTalk Server
9 2 (0.96%) NServiceBus
9 2 (0.96%) SharePoint 2010
9 2 (0.96%) SharePoint 2013
10 1 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.48%) Camunda
10 1 (0.48%) Luigi
10 1 (0.48%) Oracle Coherence
10 1 (0.48%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 3 (1.44%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (1.44%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.96%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.48%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.48%) JDE OneWorld
3 1 (0.48%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.48%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 96 (45.93%) AWS
2 83 (39.71%) Azure
3 34 (16.27%) GCP
4 30 (14.35%) PaaS
5 27 (12.92%) SaaS
6 24 (11.48%) IaaS
7 17 (8.13%) Serverless
8 14 (6.70%) Office 365
9 9 (4.31%) GitHub
10 8 (3.83%) Amazon ECS
10 8 (3.83%) Amazon S3
11 7 (3.35%) AWS Lambda
12 6 (2.87%) Azure Active Directory
13 5 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
14 4 (1.91%) Azure Functions
14 4 (1.91%) IBM Cloud
14 4 (1.91%) OpenShift
14 4 (1.91%) Route 53
15 3 (1.44%) npm
15 3 (1.44%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 18 (8.61%) Firewall
2 17 (8.13%) DNS
2 17 (8.13%) Internet
3 16 (7.66%) Network Security
4 13 (6.22%) TCP/IP
5 12 (5.74%) DHCP
6 10 (4.78%) LAN
6 10 (4.78%) VPN
6 10 (4.78%) WAN
7 9 (4.31%) DMZ
8 8 (3.83%) Kerberos
9 6 (2.87%) Intrusion Detection
9 6 (2.87%) IPsec
9 6 (2.87%) SNMP
10 5 (2.39%) BGP
10 5 (2.39%) HTTP
10 5 (2.39%) MPLS
10 5 (2.39%) Multicast
10 5 (2.39%) OSPF
11 4 (1.91%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (6.70%) Big Data
1 14 (6.70%) NoSQL
2 11 (5.26%) Amazon RDS
2 11 (5.26%) MongoDB
2 11 (5.26%) SQL Server
3 10 (4.78%) MySQL
4 8 (3.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 7 (3.35%) PostgreSQL
6 6 (2.87%) Relational Database
7 5 (2.39%) Flink
7 5 (2.39%) Redis
8 4 (1.91%) Couchbase
9 3 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (1.44%) Oracle Reports
9 3 (1.44%) Power BI
10 2 (0.96%) Cosmos DB
10 2 (0.96%) Data Mining
10 2 (0.96%) GIS
10 2 (0.96%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.96%) Triplestore
Development Applications
1 22 (10.53%) Jenkins
2 20 (9.57%) Git (software)
3 10 (4.78%) webpack
4 8 (3.83%) Gradle
5 7 (3.35%) Cypress.io
5 7 (3.35%) JIRA
5 7 (3.35%) Subversion
6 6 (2.87%) Maven
6 6 (2.87%) TeamCity
7 5 (2.39%) SonarQube
8 3 (1.44%) Ant
8 3 (1.44%) Bitbucket
8 3 (1.44%) Grunt
8 3 (1.44%) Mocha
8 3 (1.44%) MSBuild
8 3 (1.44%) Octopus Deploy
8 3 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
9 2 (0.96%) JMeter
9 2 (0.96%) MSTest
9 2 (0.96%) NUnit
General
1 48 (22.97%) Finance
2 20 (9.57%) Public Sector
3 19 (9.09%) Banking
4 12 (5.74%) Retail
5 11 (5.26%) Investment Banking
6 7 (3.35%) Telecoms
7 6 (2.87%) Social Housing
8 4 (1.91%) Law
9 2 (0.96%) Billing
9 2 (0.96%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.96%) French Language
9 2 (0.96%) Front Office
9 2 (0.96%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.96%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.48%) International Banking
10 1 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 52 (24.88%) Developer
2 37 (17.70%) Architect
3 15 (7.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 13 (6.22%) DevOps Engineer
5 12 (5.74%) Security Architect
6 11 (5.26%) Java Developer
7 10 (4.78%) Consultant
8 8 (3.83%) Cloud Engineer
8 8 (3.83%) Programme Manager
9 7 (3.35%) Full Stack Developer
9 7 (3.35%) Senior Developer
9 7 (3.35%) Support Engineer
9 7 (3.35%) Wintel Engineer
10 6 (2.87%) .NET Developer
10 6 (2.87%) AIX Engineer
10 6 (2.87%) Python Developer
10 6 (2.87%) Security Specialist
10 6 (2.87%) Software Engineer
10 6 (2.87%) Solutions Architect
10 6 (2.87%) Wintel Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (14.35%) Web Services
2 28 (13.40%) React
3 26 (12.44%) Node.js
4 25 (11.96%) AngularJS
5 19 (9.09%) RESTful
6 15 (7.18%) .NET
6 15 (7.18%) HTML
6 15 (7.18%) REST
7 14 (6.70%) CSS
8 13 (6.22%) Redux
9 10 (4.78%) Kafka
9 10 (4.78%) NumPy
9 10 (4.78%) Pandas
10 9 (4.31%) jQuery
10 9 (4.31%) LDAP
11 8 (3.83%) .NET Framework
11 8 (3.83%) Spring
11 8 (3.83%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 7 (3.35%) Entity Framework
12 7 (3.35%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 23 (11.00%) Data Structures
2 19 (9.09%) Management Information System
2 19 (9.09%) User Experience
3 17 (8.13%) Algorithms
4 16 (7.66%) Data Centre
5 15 (7.18%) Analytical Skills
6 10 (4.78%) PKI
7 8 (3.83%) Clustering
8 5 (2.39%) Cloud Native
8 5 (2.39%) Market Risk
8 5 (2.39%) Mobile App
8 5 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (1.91%) Grid Computing
9 4 (1.91%) Hybrid Cloud
9 4 (1.91%) Public Cloud
10 3 (1.44%) EMC VMAX
10 3 (1.44%) Enterprise Cloud
10 3 (1.44%) Internet of Things
10 3 (1.44%) Video Conferencing
11 2 (0.96%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 42 (20.10%) Windows
2 36 (17.22%) Linux
3 18 (8.61%) Unix
4 11 (5.26%) Solaris
5 10 (4.78%) Android
5 10 (4.78%) Apple iOS
6 8 (3.83%) Windows Server
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2008
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2019
8 6 (2.87%) AIX
9 5 (2.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (1.91%) MVS
11 2 (0.96%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.48%) CentOS
12 1 (0.48%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (32.54%) Agile Software Development
2 58 (27.75%) DevOps
3 31 (14.83%) Software Engineering
4 29 (13.88%) Migration
5 26 (12.44%) Continuous Integration
6 23 (11.00%) Information Security
6 23 (11.00%) Microservices
7 22 (10.53%) Test Automation
8 18 (8.61%) Machine Learning
9 17 (8.13%) Data Modelling
10 16 (7.66%) Continuous Delivery
10 16 (7.66%) Cybersecurity
10 16 (7.66%) SDLC
11 15 (7.18%) OO
11 15 (7.18%) Problem-Solving
11 15 (7.18%) Security Architecture
11 15 (7.18%) TDD
12 14 (6.70%) Front End Development
12 14 (6.70%) ITIL
12 14 (6.70%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 50 (23.92%) Python
2 43 (20.57%) Java
3 41 (19.62%) JavaScript
4 24 (11.48%) C#
5 21 (10.05%) SQL
6 15 (7.18%) PowerShell
7 14 (6.70%) Kotlin
8 9 (4.31%) Bash Shell
8 9 (4.31%) C
9 8 (3.83%) Ruby
10 6 (2.87%) Scala
10 6 (2.87%) TypeScript
11 5 (2.39%) ES6
12 4 (1.91%) Apple Swift
12 4 (1.91%) Groovy
12 4 (1.91%) Java 8
12 4 (1.91%) Objective-C
13 3 (1.44%) Go
13 3 (1.44%) Perl
13 3 (1.44%) PHP
Qualifications
1 26 (12.44%) Security Cleared
2 23 (11.00%) Degree
3 14 (6.70%) CISSP
3 14 (6.70%) SC Cleared
4 12 (5.74%) Cisco Certification
5 7 (3.35%) CISM
6 6 (2.87%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 6 (2.87%) CCSP
7 5 (2.39%) CCNA
7 5 (2.39%) CESG Certified Professional
7 5 (2.39%) CRISC
7 5 (2.39%) TOGAF Certification
8 4 (1.91%) ISTQB
8 4 (1.91%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (1.44%) AWS Certification
9 3 (1.44%) BC Cleared
9 3 (1.44%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (1.44%) CCDP
9 3 (1.44%) CCNP
9 3 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (4.31%) SLA
2 7 (3.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (2.87%) Cyber Essentials
3 6 (2.87%) NIST
4 5 (2.39%) JSP 440
4 5 (2.39%) NCSC
4 5 (2.39%) QA
5 3 (1.44%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 3 (1.44%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.96%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.48%) COBIT
7 1 (0.48%) GDPR
7 1 (0.48%) GxP
7 1 (0.48%) HIPAA
System Software
1 30 (14.35%) Docker
2 23 (11.00%) Active Directory
2 23 (11.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (4.31%) Firmware
4 8 (3.83%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (1.91%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 4 (1.91%) oVirt
5 4 (1.91%) Virtual Servers
6 3 (1.44%) Hyper-V
6 3 (1.44%) KVM
6 3 (1.44%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (1.44%) Xen
7 2 (0.96%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 35 (16.75%) Kubernetes
2 23 (11.00%) Terraform
3 21 (10.05%) Ansible
4 12 (5.74%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (5.26%) Puppet
5 11 (5.26%) Single Sign-On
6 7 (3.35%) Microsoft Clustering
7 3 (1.44%) Red Hat Satellite
8 2 (0.96%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 2 (0.96%) Knative
8 2 (0.96%) OPNET
9 1 (0.48%) Icinga
9 1 (0.48%) Istio
9 1 (0.48%) Nessus
9 1 (0.48%) Netcool
9 1 (0.48%) QRadar
9 1 (0.48%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
9 1 (0.48%) Tivoli
9 1 (0.48%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 1 (0.48%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 44 (21.05%) Microsoft
2 29 (13.88%) VMware
3 20 (9.57%) Oracle
4 16 (7.66%) Google
5 14 (6.70%) Splunk
6 12 (5.74%) Citrix
7 10 (4.78%) Cisco
7 10 (4.78%) ServiceNow
8 7 (3.35%) SAP
9 6 (2.87%) IBM
9 6 (2.87%) Palo Alto
9 6 (2.87%) SaltStack
10 5 (2.39%) CheckPoint
10 5 (2.39%) Fortinet
10 5 (2.39%) Red Hat
11 4 (1.91%) Juniper
11 4 (1.91%) Xamarin
12 3 (1.44%) Adobe
12 3 (1.44%) Alcatel-Lucent
12 3 (1.44%) EMC