Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 378 338 413
Rank change year-on-year -40 +75 -23
Contract jobs citing Cloud Computing 525 198 494
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.62% 0.64% 0.58%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.75% 2.00% 2.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 359 127 332
10th Percentile £413 £357 £363
25th Percentile £475 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £515 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.80% -1.90% +5.00%
75th Percentile £665 £624 £625
90th Percentile £751 £680 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 9
10th Percentile " £17.45 "
25th Percentile £15.50 £18.13 £16.25
Median hourly rate £19.10 £19.25 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.78% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £22.20 £19.81 £20.00
90th Percentile £24.13 £19.93 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £19.25 £17.50
% change year-on-year -16.88% +10.00% -

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 29,958 9,908 24,559
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.58% 31.78% 29.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,591 6,931 17,142
10th Percentile £327 £313 £286
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 458 145 366
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.25 £13.50
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.45 £16.25
Median hourly rate £21.00 £21.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.33% +4.88% +17.14%
75th Percentile £46.88 £40.00 £36.70
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.00 £61.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -7.50% - +14.29%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -70 413 £550 +4.76% 223
London -82 249 £570 +6.54% 87
UK excluding London -80 148 £500 +11.11% 160
Work from Home -120 144 £550 +10.00% 50
South East -71 56 £525 +25.00% 44
North of England -56 33 £635 +2.42% 55
South West -30 31 £413 -2.94% 11
North West -46 18 £635 +10.43% 29
Yorkshire -35 15 £675 +8.87% 14
Midlands -81 9 £456 +21.67% 16
West Midlands -62 8 £456 +29.89% 9
Scotland -77 8 £469 +4.17% 13
Wales -21 7 £500 - 6
East of England -42 4 £463 -11.90% 10
North East -9 3 - - 12
East Midlands -35 1 - - 7
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 233 (44.38%) AWS
2 221 (42.10%) Azure
3 179 (34.10%) Agile Software Development
4 166 (31.62%) Social Skills
5 161 (30.67%) Python
6 151 (28.76%) DevOps
7 116 (22.10%) Microsoft
8 111 (21.14%) GCP
9 110 (20.95%) Finance
10 101 (19.24%) Linux
11 99 (18.86%) SQL
12 95 (18.10%) Java
13 91 (17.33%) Terraform
14 90 (17.14%) Infrastructure as Code
15 85 (16.19%) Windows
16 80 (15.24%) Docker
17 79 (15.05%) Migration
18 76 (14.48%) Kubernetes
19 69 (13.14%) PaaS
20 68 (12.95%) Analytical Skills
21 67 (12.76%) Google
22 66 (12.57%) Analytics
23 65 (12.38%) JavaScript
24 62 (11.81%) Microservices
25 59 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
26 58 (11.05%) Scrum
27 57 (10.86%) Security Cleared
28 56 (10.67%) Degree
28 56 (10.67%) IaaS
29 55 (10.48%) SaaS

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (3.81%) Apache
1 20 (3.81%) SharePoint
2 18 (3.43%) Confluence
3 16 (3.05%) Apache Spark
3 16 (3.05%) IIS
4 15 (2.86%) Tomcat
5 12 (2.29%) OpenStack
6 11 (2.10%) Apache Airflow
7 7 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.33%) nginx
8 6 (1.14%) IBM Domino
9 5 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.76%) Apache Pig
10 4 (0.76%) CMS
11 3 (0.57%) Drupal
11 3 (0.57%) JBoss
11 3 (0.57%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.38%) Mule
12 2 (0.38%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 13 (2.48%) MS Visio
2 7 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (2.10%) Sentinel
2 5 (0.95%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.57%) Magento
3 3 (0.57%) Shopify
4 2 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.19%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 233 (44.38%) AWS
2 221 (42.10%) Azure
3 111 (21.14%) GCP
4 69 (13.14%) PaaS
5 56 (10.67%) IaaS
6 55 (10.48%) SaaS
7 45 (8.57%) Serverless
8 35 (6.67%) GitHub
9 34 (6.48%) Microsoft 365
10 21 (4.00%) Azure Functions
11 20 (3.81%) Power Platform
12 18 (3.43%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 16 (3.05%) Azure Active Directory
13 16 (3.05%) Azure Logic Apps
13 16 (3.05%) OpenShift
14 14 (2.67%) Apigee
14 14 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
14 14 (2.67%) iPaaS
15 13 (2.48%) Azure Sentinel
16 12 (2.29%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 39 (7.43%) Firewall
2 32 (6.10%) DNS
3 25 (4.76%) HTTP
4 23 (4.38%) LAN
5 20 (3.81%) WAN
6 19 (3.62%) Network Security
7 17 (3.24%) BGP
7 17 (3.24%) TCP/IP
8 11 (2.10%) Reverse Proxy
9 10 (1.90%) Kerberos
10 9 (1.71%) Internet
11 8 (1.52%) Ethernet
11 8 (1.52%) SSL
11 8 (1.52%) Unified Communications
11 8 (1.52%) VPN
12 7 (1.33%) SAN
13 6 (1.14%) OSPF
14 5 (0.95%) MPLS
14 5 (0.95%) SNMP
14 5 (0.95%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (8.57%) SQL Server
2 39 (7.43%) Big Data
3 38 (7.24%) MongoDB
4 37 (7.05%) NoSQL
5 30 (5.71%) Relational Database
6 23 (4.38%) MySQL
7 20 (3.81%) Power BI
8 18 (3.43%) Tableau
9 16 (3.05%) Data Lake
10 14 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
11 12 (2.29%) PostgreSQL
12 11 (2.10%) Hadoop
12 11 (2.10%) RDBMS
13 9 (1.71%) BigQuery
13 9 (1.71%) Couchbase
14 6 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
14 6 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 6 (1.14%) Apache Hive
15 5 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
15 5 (0.95%) Flink
Development Applications
1 54 (10.29%) Git (software)
2 31 (5.90%) JIRA
3 30 (5.71%) Jenkins
4 22 (4.19%) TeamCity
5 14 (2.67%) Octopus Deploy
5 14 (2.67%) SpecFlow
6 11 (2.10%) Subversion
7 6 (1.14%) Bitbucket
8 5 (0.95%) AppScan
8 5 (0.95%) GitLab
9 4 (0.76%) Serena SBM
10 3 (0.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 3 (0.57%) Visual Studio Code
11 2 (0.38%) Grunt
11 2 (0.38%) IBM UrbanCode
11 2 (0.38%) Jtest
11 2 (0.38%) Maven
11 2 (0.38%) Mercurial
11 2 (0.38%) Mocha
11 2 (0.38%) webpack
General
1 166 (31.62%) Social Skills
2 110 (20.95%) Finance
3 68 (12.95%) Analytical Skills
4 36 (6.86%) Banking
5 25 (4.76%) Public Sector
6 16 (3.05%) Legal
7 14 (2.67%) Influencing Skills
8 12 (2.29%) Presentation Skills
9 11 (2.10%) Telecoms
10 10 (1.90%) Financial Institution
11 9 (1.71%) Marketing
12 7 (1.33%) Investment Banking
13 6 (1.14%) Billing
14 5 (0.95%) Games
15 4 (0.76%) Organisational Skills
16 3 (0.57%) Electronics
16 3 (0.57%) Publishing
17 2 (0.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 2 (0.38%) Local Government
17 2 (0.38%) Retail
Job Titles
1 116 (22.10%) Architect
2 88 (16.76%) Developer
3 47 (8.95%) DevOps Engineer
4 46 (8.76%) Analyst
5 38 (7.24%) Cloud Architect
6 29 (5.52%) Azure Engineer
7 25 (4.76%) Cloud Engineer
8 23 (4.38%) AWS Engineer
8 23 (4.38%) Azure Architect
8 23 (4.38%) Consultant
8 23 (4.38%) Security Architect
9 22 (4.19%) Senior Developer
10 21 (4.00%) Applications Support
10 21 (4.00%) Data Engineer
10 21 (4.00%) Technical Architect
11 20 (3.81%) Solutions Architect
12 19 (3.62%) Business Analyst
12 19 (3.62%) Java Developer
13 17 (3.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 14 (2.67%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (9.71%) .NET
1 51 (9.71%) Node.js
2 47 (8.95%) Web Services
3 29 (5.52%) JSON
4 28 (5.33%) REST
5 26 (4.95%) React
6 21 (4.00%) ARM Templates
6 21 (4.00%) Middleware
7 20 (3.81%) Spring
8 19 (3.62%) HTML
9 18 (3.43%) CSS
9 18 (3.43%) RESTful
10 17 (3.24%) SOAP
11 16 (3.05%) ASP.NET Web API
12 15 (2.86%) XML
13 14 (2.67%) Gherkin
13 14 (2.67%) Kafka
14 13 (2.48%) LDAP
15 11 (2.10%) AngularJS
16 10 (1.90%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 32 (6.10%) Cloud Native
2 31 (5.90%) Hybrid Cloud
3 27 (5.14%) Data Centre
4 25 (4.76%) Public Cloud
5 22 (4.19%) Management Information System
6 17 (3.24%) Enterprise Software
7 16 (3.05%) Enterprise Cloud
8 15 (2.86%) Virtual Team
9 11 (2.10%) PKI
10 10 (1.90%) Greenfield Project
11 9 (1.71%) Clustering
11 9 (1.71%) Grid Computing
12 8 (1.52%) Hedge funds
12 8 (1.52%) Legacy Systems
12 8 (1.52%) Mobile App
13 7 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
14 6 (1.14%) Mainframe
14 6 (1.14%) Replication
14 6 (1.14%) User Experience
15 5 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 101 (19.24%) Linux
2 85 (16.19%) Windows
3 27 (5.14%) Windows Server
4 25 (4.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (4.57%) Unix
6 9 (1.71%) Ubuntu
6 9 (1.71%) Windows 10
7 8 (1.52%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (1.33%) Solaris
8 7 (1.33%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (1.33%) Windows Server 2019
9 5 (0.95%) Android
9 5 (0.95%) CentOS
9 5 (0.95%) SUSE
9 5 (0.95%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (0.76%) Apple iOS
11 3 (0.57%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.57%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.38%) Data ONTAP
12 2 (0.38%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 179 (34.10%) Agile Software Development
2 151 (28.76%) DevOps
3 90 (17.14%) Infrastructure as Code
4 79 (15.05%) Migration
5 66 (12.57%) Analytics
6 62 (11.81%) Microservices
7 59 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
8 58 (11.05%) Scrum
9 42 (8.00%) Deployment Automation
10 40 (7.62%) Computer Science
10 40 (7.62%) Technical Architecture
11 34 (6.48%) API Design
12 31 (5.90%) Information Security
12 31 (5.90%) ITIL
12 31 (5.90%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 30 (5.71%) Change Management
13 30 (5.71%) Unit Testing
14 29 (5.52%) SDLC
15 28 (5.33%) Disaster Recovery
16 27 (5.14%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 161 (30.67%) Python
2 99 (18.86%) SQL
3 95 (18.10%) Java
4 65 (12.38%) JavaScript
5 55 (10.48%) PowerShell
6 37 (7.05%) Bash Shell
7 28 (5.33%) C#
8 23 (4.38%) TypeScript
9 20 (3.81%) Ruby
10 19 (3.62%) Scala
11 14 (2.67%) XAML
12 12 (2.29%) Perl
12 12 (2.29%) R
13 11 (2.10%) C
13 11 (2.10%) C++
13 11 (2.10%) Go
14 9 (1.71%) Groovy
15 6 (1.14%) Java 11
15 6 (1.14%) VBA
16 5 (0.95%) PHP
Qualifications
1 57 (10.86%) Security Cleared
2 56 (10.67%) Degree
3 50 (9.52%) SC Cleared
4 17 (3.24%) CISSP
5 16 (3.05%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (2.86%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (2.10%) CISM
8 8 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (1.52%) CISA
9 7 (1.33%) CCNA
9 7 (1.33%) CCNP
10 5 (0.95%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 5 (0.95%) MCP
11 4 (0.76%) BC Cleared
11 4 (0.76%) CCIP
11 4 (0.76%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.76%) MCSE
11 4 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.76%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (4.38%) GDPR
2 22 (4.19%) QA
3 11 (2.10%) Accessibility
4 10 (1.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 7 (1.33%) NCSC
5 7 (1.33%) NIST
6 6 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials
6 6 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.95%) SLA
8 4 (0.76%) GRC
8 4 (0.76%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.57%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.38%) Actionable Recommendations
10 2 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.38%) PMO
11 1 (0.19%) RMADS
11 1 (0.19%) SOC 1
11 1 (0.19%) SOC 2
System Software
1 80 (15.24%) Docker
2 46 (8.76%) Active Directory
3 32 (6.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (3.62%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (2.67%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.76%) KVM
6 4 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.57%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.57%) NFS
7 3 (0.57%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.38%) Veritas File System
8 2 (0.38%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 2 (0.38%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.38%) vSphere
9 1 (0.19%) Firmware
9 1 (0.19%) Samba
9 1 (0.19%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.19%) Xen
9 1 (0.19%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 91 (17.33%) Terraform
2 76 (14.48%) Kubernetes
3 54 (10.29%) Ansible
4 21 (4.00%) Puppet
5 18 (3.43%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (2.10%) Prometheus
7 9 (1.71%) Grafana
7 9 (1.71%) Packer
8 7 (1.33%) Istio
9 6 (1.14%) Control-M
9 6 (1.14%) EMC NetWorker
9 6 (1.14%) NetBackup
9 6 (1.14%) QRadar
9 6 (1.14%) Tivoli
9 6 (1.14%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 5 (0.95%) Consul
10 5 (0.95%) HP Fortify
10 5 (0.95%) Icinga
10 5 (0.95%) SCCM
10 5 (0.95%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 116 (22.10%) Microsoft
2 67 (12.76%) Google
3 37 (7.05%) Oracle
4 36 (6.86%) VMware
5 33 (6.29%) Salesforce.com
6 28 (5.33%) Databricks
7 23 (4.38%) Cisco
8 21 (4.00%) Red Hat
9 18 (3.43%) Xamarin
10 14 (2.67%) Splunk
11 11 (2.10%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.90%) Atlassian
12 10 (1.90%) IBM
13 9 (1.71%) CyberArk
13 9 (1.71%) F5
14 8 (1.52%) EMC
14 8 (1.52%) NetApp
14 8 (1.52%) SAP
15 7 (1.33%) Brocade
16 6 (1.14%) SaltStack