The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 3 months to 30 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK / England
3 months to
30 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 361 497 507
Rank change year-on-year +136 +10  
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 231 141 104
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.54% 0.27% 0.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.64% 0.33% 0.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 143 79 87
Median daily rate £500 £550 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% -4.34%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £365 £417 £390
10% offered a daily rate of more than £700 £800 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £650 £600
% change year-on-year -34.61% +8.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £48.00 £90.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.08% -46.66%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 -
% change year-on-year -1.16% -  

Machine Learning is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 35881 42604 40734
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 83.89% 82.90% 80.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 23701 28538 25743
Median daily rate £450 £447 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.67% +6.42%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £308 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.75% +2.56%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 909 947 1201
Median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.66% +3.44%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.75 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £47.91 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £36.00 £30.50
% change year-on-year - +18.03%  

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 3 months to 30 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 3 months to 30 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 3 months to 30 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +98 180 £525 -3.44% 121
South East +38 31 £375 -25.00% 18
East of England -1 7 £463 - 34
East Midlands - 4 £513 - 1
South West 0 3 - - 9
North West +38 2 £488 -25.00% 23
West Midlands - 2 £450 - 11
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 30 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 279 (61.05%) Python
2 242 (52.95%) Big Data
3 204 (44.64%) Apache Spark
4 183 (40.04%) Hadoop
5 164 (35.89%) R
6 156 (34.14%) Analytics
7 145 (31.73%) Java
8 144 (31.51%) Scala
9 138 (30.20%) Algorithms
10 106 (23.19%) SQL
11 102 (22.32%) Finance
12 84 (18.38%) Apache Hive
13 81 (17.72%) Statistics
14 78 (17.07%) Mathematics
15 74 (16.19%) Agile Software Development
16 71 (15.54%) Business Intelligence
17 66 (14.44%) Analytical Skills
18 64 (14.00%) Amazon AWS
19 62 (13.57%) MapReduce
20 61 (13.35%) NoSQL
21 59 (12.91%) DevOps
22 56 (12.25%) Degree
23 55 (12.04%) Computer Science
24 54 (11.82%) Visualisation
25 52 (11.38%) Data Analytics
25 52 (11.38%) Software Engineering
26 51 (11.16%) JavaScript
27 49 (10.72%) Apache Cassandra
28 47 (10.28%) Linux
28 47 (10.28%) SAS

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (44.64%) Apache Spark
2 47 (10.28%) SAS
3 42 (9.19%) Apache Pig
4 30 (6.56%) Apache
5 20 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (2.19%) Apache Solr
7 8 (1.75%) Facebook Platform
8 7 (1.53%) Jupyter
9 6 (1.31%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.88%) Confluence
10 4 (0.88%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.66%) nginx
12 2 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.44%) MQSeries
12 2 (0.44%) WebSphere
13 1 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
13 1 (0.22%) CMS
13 1 (0.22%) IPython
13 1 (0.22%) Luigi
13 1 (0.22%) Tornado
Applications
1 20 (4.38%) SPSS
2 9 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (1.53%) Weka
4 4 (0.88%) Stata
5 3 (0.66%) GNU Octave
5 3 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.44%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.44%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.22%) EViews
7 1 (0.22%) Mathematica
7 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.22%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 64 (14.00%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (6.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (5.03%) Amazon EC2
4 18 (3.94%) Amazon S3
5 15 (3.28%) Amazon EMR
6 11 (2.41%) GitHub
6 11 (2.41%) Google Cloud Platform
7 10 (2.19%) Azure Machine Learning
8 9 (1.97%) SaaS
9 8 (1.75%) Amazon Kinesis
10 7 (1.53%) PaaS
11 5 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.66%) Route 53
13 2 (0.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 2 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
13 2 (0.44%) Data Lake Analytics
13 2 (0.44%) G Suite
13 2 (0.44%) IaaS
14 1 (0.22%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 1 (0.22%) Responsys
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.41%) Kerberos
1 11 (2.41%) LDAP
2 4 (0.88%) DNS
2 4 (0.88%) HTTP
2 4 (0.88%) SNA
3 2 (0.44%) Firewall
3 2 (0.44%) Internet
3 2 (0.44%) SMS
3 2 (0.44%) SSH
3 2 (0.44%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.22%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (52.95%) Big Data
2 183 (40.04%) Hadoop
3 84 (18.38%) Apache Hive
4 61 (13.35%) NoSQL
5 49 (10.72%) Apache Cassandra
6 41 (8.97%) Data Mining
7 34 (7.44%) MongoDB
7 34 (7.44%) QlikView
7 34 (7.44%) Relational Database
8 32 (7.00%) Data Warehouse
9 31 (6.78%) HBase
10 21 (4.60%) MySQL
11 20 (4.38%) PostgreSQL
12 19 (4.16%) Power BI
13 18 (3.94%) RDBMS
14 16 (3.50%) SQL Server
14 16 (3.50%) Sqoop
15 15 (3.28%) Neo4j
16 11 (2.41%) Data Lake
16 11 (2.41%) Mahout
Development Applications
1 25 (5.47%) Git (software)
2 20 (4.38%) Jenkins
3 12 (2.63%) Maven
4 8 (1.75%) JIRA
5 5 (1.09%) Talend Open Studio
6 4 (0.88%) Sonatype Nexus
7 3 (0.66%) Cucumber
7 3 (0.66%) JUnit
7 3 (0.66%) Subversion
8 2 (0.44%) Apache Continuum
8 2 (0.44%) GoCD
8 2 (0.44%) Jasmine
8 2 (0.44%) Phabricator
8 2 (0.44%) Selenium
8 2 (0.44%) Vagrant
8 2 (0.44%) webpack
9 1 (0.22%) CodeNarc
9 1 (0.22%) GitLab
9 1 (0.22%) SonarQube
9 1 (0.22%) Spock
General
1 102 (22.32%) Finance
2 34 (7.44%) Banking
3 32 (7.00%) Marketing
4 30 (6.56%) Retail
5 16 (3.50%) Telecoms
6 13 (2.84%) Front Office
7 10 (2.19%) Electronics
8 8 (1.75%) Games
9 7 (1.53%) Investment Banking
9 7 (1.53%) Pharmaceutical
10 5 (1.09%) Publishing
11 3 (0.66%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.66%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.44%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.22%) Advertising
13 1 (0.22%) French Language
13 1 (0.22%) Legal
13 1 (0.22%) Polish Language
13 1 (0.22%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 131 (28.67%) Data Scientist
2 93 (20.35%) Developer
3 56 (12.25%) Architect
4 52 (11.38%) Data Engineer
5 34 (7.44%) Big Data Engineer
6 31 (6.78%) Machine Learning Scientist
7 28 (6.13%) Data Architect
8 26 (5.69%) Analyst
9 25 (5.47%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 25 (5.47%) Python Developer
10 21 (4.60%) Software Engineer
11 20 (4.38%) Big Data Architect
12 18 (3.94%) Scala Developer
13 17 (3.72%) Big Data Developer
13 17 (3.72%) Consultant
13 17 (3.72%) Java Developer
14 15 (3.28%) Data Analyst
14 15 (3.28%) Hadoop Engineer
15 13 (2.84%) DevOps Engineer
15 13 (2.84%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (9.19%) Kafka
2 33 (7.22%) HTML
3 32 (7.00%) Natural Language Processing
4 29 (6.35%) D3.js
5 27 (5.91%) Flask
6 24 (5.25%) REST
7 23 (5.03%) CSS
8 20 (4.38%) Django
9 19 (4.16%) AngularJS
9 19 (4.16%) HTML5
9 19 (4.16%) NumPy
10 18 (3.94%) scikit-learn
11 16 (3.50%) Pandas
11 16 (3.50%) XML
12 14 (3.06%) JSON
13 13 (2.84%) .NET
13 13 (2.84%) Web Services
14 12 (2.63%) SciPy
14 12 (2.63%) TensorFlow
15 10 (2.19%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 138 (30.20%) Algorithms
2 66 (14.44%) Analytical Skills
3 55 (12.04%) Computer Science
4 35 (7.66%) Greenfield Project
5 19 (4.16%) Credit Risk
6 11 (2.41%) Fintech
7 9 (1.97%) Fixed Income
7 9 (1.97%) User Experience
8 8 (1.75%) Data Structures
8 8 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 8 (1.75%) Hedge funds
9 7 (1.53%) Reference Data
10 6 (1.31%) Management Information System
10 6 (1.31%) Pharmacovigilance
10 6 (1.31%) Robotics
11 5 (1.09%) Data Centre
12 4 (0.88%) NHS
12 4 (0.88%) Replication
12 4 (0.88%) Tandem
13 3 (0.66%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 47 (10.28%) Linux
2 28 (6.13%) Unix
3 5 (1.09%) Ubuntu
4 3 (0.66%) Android
4 3 (0.66%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.66%) CentOS
4 3 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (0.66%) Windows
5 1 (0.22%) CoreOS
5 1 (0.22%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 156 (34.14%) Analytics
2 81 (17.72%) Statistics
3 78 (17.07%) Mathematics
4 74 (16.19%) Agile Software Development
5 71 (15.54%) Business Intelligence
6 62 (13.57%) MapReduce
7 59 (12.91%) DevOps
8 54 (11.82%) Visualisation
9 52 (11.38%) Data Analytics
9 52 (11.38%) Software Engineering
10 42 (9.19%) Open Source
11 38 (8.32%) Artificial Intelligence
11 38 (8.32%) ETL
12 35 (7.66%) Data Analysis
13 33 (7.22%) Data Engineering
13 33 (7.22%) Data Modelling
13 33 (7.22%) Data Visualisation
13 33 (7.22%) Statistical Analysis
14 29 (6.35%) Microservices
15 28 (6.13%) Neural Network
Programming Languages
1 279 (61.05%) Python
2 164 (35.89%) R
3 145 (31.73%) Java
4 144 (31.51%) Scala
5 106 (23.19%) SQL
6 51 (11.16%) JavaScript
7 41 (8.97%) MATLAB
8 35 (7.66%) C++
9 19 (4.16%) C#
10 16 (3.50%) Bash Shell
11 8 (1.75%) Perl
11 8 (1.75%) SPARQL
12 6 (1.31%) C
13 5 (1.09%) ES6
13 5 (1.09%) PHP
14 4 (0.88%) Go
14 4 (0.88%) PowerShell
14 4 (0.88%) Ruby
14 4 (0.88%) Shell Script
14 4 (0.88%) VBA
Qualifications
1 56 (12.25%) Degree
2 35 (7.66%) PhD
3 5 (1.09%) Postgraduate
4 3 (0.66%) Security Cleared
5 2 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (0.44%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.22%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.41%) QA
2 8 (1.75%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.53%) GxP
4 1 (0.22%) HL7
System Software
1 23 (5.03%) Apache Flume
2 21 (4.60%) Docker
3 19 (4.16%) HDFS
4 3 (0.66%) Snort
5 1 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 27 (5.91%) Opscode Chef
2 24 (5.25%) Hadoop YARN
2 24 (5.25%) Puppet
3 21 (4.60%) Ansible
4 10 (2.19%) Kibana
4 10 (2.19%) Oozie
5 9 (1.97%) Terraform
6 7 (1.53%) Ambari
7 6 (1.31%) Kubernetes
8 5 (1.09%) Mesos
9 3 (0.66%) Nagios
9 3 (0.66%) OSSEC
10 2 (0.44%) Grafana
10 2 (0.44%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.44%) Salt
11 1 (0.22%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 1 (0.22%) CFEngine
11 1 (0.22%) logstash
Vendors
1 37 (8.10%) Tableau
2 23 (5.03%) Microsoft
3 20 (4.38%) Oracle
4 17 (3.72%) IBM
5 14 (3.06%) Google
6 12 (2.63%) Hortonworks
7 10 (2.19%) Cognos
8 9 (1.97%) Informatica
9 8 (1.75%) Facebook
9 8 (1.75%) RapidMiner
9 8 (1.75%) Twitter
10 7 (1.53%) Alteryx
11 5 (1.09%) Cloudera
11 5 (1.09%) SAP
11 5 (1.09%) Splunk
11 5 (1.09%) Talend
12 3 (0.66%) MapR
12 3 (0.66%) Platfora
12 3 (0.66%) Teradata
13 2 (0.44%) GoldenSource
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