Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 241 311 558
Rank change year-on-year +70 +247 +164
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 1,058 747 339
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.12% 0.82% 0.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.30% 0.95% 0.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 706 534 230
England median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -3.85%
10th Percentile £398 £375 £363
90th Percentile £688 £704 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £500
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -3.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 7 4
England median hourly rate £45.00 £19.34 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +132.68% -16.82% -64.23%
10th Percentile £16.13 £18.10 £17.41
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.50 £26.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £19.34 £20.50
% change year-on-year +132.68% -5.66% -68.46%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,241 78,493 84,179
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.22% 85.90% 85.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,247 52,460 56,108
England median daily rate £470 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £645 £630 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,179 1,864 2,221
England median hourly rate £21.00 £24.66 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.84% +9.60% +3.85%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
% change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.45%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +29 741 £550 -0.09% 425
South East +89 162 £500 - 89
North of England -2 50 £525 +5.00% 63
South West +11 47 £525 - 49
North West -5 31 £475 +2.70% 36
Midlands -22 30 £538 +26.47% 33
East of England -11 18 £450 -10.00% 93
West Midlands -18 17 £450 - 21
East Midlands +1 13 £675 +58.82% 12
Yorkshire -10 13 £525 +5.00% 10
North East - 6 £650 - 17
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 544 (51.42%) Python
2 527 (49.81%) Data Science
3 361 (34.12%) Analytics
4 355 (33.55%) Finance
5 343 (32.42%) Agile Software Development
6 341 (32.23%) Big Data
7 334 (31.57%) Artificial Intelligence
8 319 (30.15%) SQL
9 270 (25.52%) Algorithms
10 259 (24.48%) Hadoop
11 252 (23.82%) Apache Spark
12 237 (22.40%) Amazon AWS
13 206 (19.47%) Java
14 176 (16.64%) Mathematics
15 174 (16.45%) Computer Science
16 172 (16.26%) Microsoft Azure
16 172 (16.26%) R
17 169 (15.97%) Analytical Skills
18 167 (15.78%) Kafka
19 148 (13.99%) NoSQL
20 147 (13.89%) JavaScript
21 146 (13.80%) Scrum
21 146 (13.80%) Degree
22 141 (13.33%) Scala
23 135 (12.76%) Visualisation
24 128 (12.10%) Natural Language Processing
25 126 (11.91%) Deep Learning
26 123 (11.63%) Apache Hive
26 123 (11.63%) Statistics
27 121 (11.44%) TDD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (23.82%) Apache Spark
2 63 (5.95%) Elasticsearch
3 46 (4.35%) Apache
4 32 (3.02%) SAS
5 27 (2.55%) Jupyter
6 19 (1.80%) Apache Solr
7 18 (1.70%) Apache Pig
8 12 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
9 11 (1.04%) SharePoint
10 10 (0.95%) nginx
11 8 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
11 8 (0.76%) Confluence
12 5 (0.47%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.38%) Ethereum
13 4 (0.38%) Hyperledger
13 4 (0.38%) Luigi
14 3 (0.28%) Tornado
14 3 (0.28%) WebSphere
15 2 (0.19%) BizTalk Server
15 2 (0.19%) CMS
Applications
1 23 (2.17%) Chatbot
2 9 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.85%) SPSS
3 8 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.38%) Simulink
5 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.19%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.19%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.095%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.095%) Maya
7 1 (0.095%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.095%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.95%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 3 (0.28%) SAP MM
2 3 (0.28%) SAP R/3
3 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.19%) SAP IBP
3 2 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.095%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.095%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.095%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.095%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 237 (22.40%) Amazon AWS
2 172 (16.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 76 (7.18%) Google Cloud Platform
4 46 (4.35%) Azure Machine Learning
5 30 (2.84%) Serverless
6 28 (2.65%) Cloud Computing
6 28 (2.65%) PaaS
7 24 (2.27%) Data Lake Analytics
8 22 (2.08%) Amazon S3
9 21 (1.98%) Azure Data Factory
10 19 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (1.80%) AWS Lambda
11 18 (1.70%) SaaS
12 17 (1.61%) Amazon EMR
13 12 (1.13%) IaaS
14 11 (1.04%) Amazon Kinesis
14 11 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (1.04%) GitHub
15 9 (0.85%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 8 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.46%) HTTP
2 16 (1.51%) Firewall
3 12 (1.13%) SSL
4 11 (1.04%) Internet
4 11 (1.04%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.57%) LAN
5 6 (0.57%) VPN
6 5 (0.47%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.38%) SNA
7 4 (0.38%) SSH
8 2 (0.19%) AMQP
8 2 (0.19%) DAB
8 2 (0.19%) DNS
8 2 (0.19%) Network Security
8 2 (0.19%) SMS
9 1 (0.095%) DKIM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 341 (32.23%) Big Data
2 259 (24.48%) Hadoop
3 148 (13.99%) NoSQL
4 123 (11.63%) Apache Hive
5 105 (9.92%) Apache Cassandra
6 101 (9.55%) MongoDB
7 98 (9.26%) Data Warehouse
8 79 (7.47%) Relational Database
9 73 (6.90%) Data Mining
10 62 (5.86%) Power BI
11 47 (4.44%) OLAP
12 46 (4.35%) Data Lake
13 44 (4.16%) Star Schema
14 43 (4.06%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
14 43 (4.06%) OLAP Cube
14 43 (4.06%) SQL Server
15 42 (3.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 35 (3.31%) HBase
17 33 (3.12%) PostgreSQL
18 30 (2.84%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 105 (9.92%) Git (software)
2 51 (4.82%) Jenkins
3 40 (3.78%) Visual Studio Team System
4 29 (2.74%) JIRA
5 24 (2.27%) Selenium
6 16 (1.51%) Maven
6 16 (1.51%) PhantomJS
7 12 (1.13%) JUnit
7 12 (1.13%) TeamCity
8 11 (1.04%) Visual Studio
9 10 (0.95%) Cucumber
9 10 (0.95%) Eclipse
9 10 (0.95%) GitLab
10 9 (0.85%) Jasmine
10 9 (0.85%) Octopus Deploy
11 8 (0.76%) webpack
12 7 (0.66%) IntelliJ
12 7 (0.66%) Subversion
13 6 (0.57%) Team Foundation Server
14 4 (0.38%) Bitbucket
General
1 355 (33.55%) Finance
2 93 (8.79%) Banking
3 40 (3.78%) Marketing
4 31 (2.93%) Retail
5 28 (2.65%) Front Office
5 28 (2.65%) Games
6 18 (1.70%) Legal
7 17 (1.61%) Advertising
8 16 (1.51%) Telecoms
9 15 (1.42%) Investment Banking
10 14 (1.32%) Financial Institution
11 10 (0.95%) Manufacturing
12 9 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.76%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.66%) Publishing
15 6 (0.57%) Back Office
15 6 (0.57%) Law
16 5 (0.47%) Electronics
16 5 (0.47%) General Ledger
17 4 (0.38%) German Language
Job Titles
1 359 (33.93%) Developer
2 242 (22.87%) Data Scientist
3 131 (12.38%) Data Engineer
4 89 (8.41%) Python Developer
5 62 (5.86%) Architect
6 57 (5.39%) Java Developer
7 55 (5.20%) Analyst
8 53 (5.01%) Big Data Engineer
9 49 (4.63%) Hadoop Engineer
9 49 (4.63%) Senior Developer
10 44 (4.16%) Machine Learning Developer
11 38 (3.59%) Scala Developer
12 36 (3.40%) React Developer
12 36 (3.40%) Senior Data Scientist
13 35 (3.31%) JavaScript Developer
14 34 (3.21%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 34 (3.21%) Python Engineer
14 34 (3.21%) Software Engineer
15 28 (2.65%) DevOps Engineer
15 28 (2.65%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (15.78%) Kafka
2 128 (12.10%) Natural Language Processing
3 105 (9.92%) REST
4 99 (9.36%) TensorFlow
5 91 (8.60%) React
6 83 (7.84%) HTML
7 69 (6.52%) Pandas
8 66 (6.24%) CSS
9 59 (5.58%) AngularJS
10 58 (5.48%) .NET
11 56 (5.29%) Keras
12 49 (4.63%) scikit-learn
13 47 (4.44%) NumPy
14 45 (4.25%) Node.js
15 43 (4.06%) Flask
16 42 (3.97%) Redux
16 42 (3.97%) Spring
17 41 (3.88%) D3.js
18 39 (3.69%) PySpark
19 36 (3.40%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 270 (25.52%) Algorithms
2 174 (16.45%) Computer Science
3 169 (15.97%) Analytical Skills
4 54 (5.10%) Greenfield Project
5 51 (4.82%) Data Structures
6 39 (3.69%) Fintech
7 22 (2.08%) Robotics
8 21 (1.98%) User Experience
9 17 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (1.51%) Mobile App
11 14 (1.32%) Virtual Team
12 12 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.13%) Replication
13 11 (1.04%) iPad
14 8 (0.76%) PMI
14 8 (0.76%) Public Cloud
15 7 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 6 (0.57%) Blog
16 6 (0.57%) Equities
16 6 (0.57%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 106 (10.02%) Linux
2 56 (5.29%) Unix
3 25 (2.36%) Windows
4 10 (0.95%) Ubuntu
5 8 (0.76%) Android
5 8 (0.76%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.38%) CentOS
7 3 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.28%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.095%) AIX
8 1 (0.095%) Amazon Linux
8 1 (0.095%) DC/OS
8 1 (0.095%) HPUX
8 1 (0.095%) Solaris
8 1 (0.095%) VMS
8 1 (0.095%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 527 (49.81%) Data Science
2 361 (34.12%) Analytics
3 343 (32.42%) Agile Software Development
4 334 (31.57%) Artificial Intelligence
5 176 (16.64%) Mathematics
6 146 (13.80%) Scrum
7 135 (12.76%) Visualisation
8 126 (11.91%) Deep Learning
9 123 (11.63%) Statistics
10 121 (11.44%) TDD
11 116 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
12 108 (10.21%) Data Analytics
12 108 (10.21%) Software Engineering
13 102 (9.64%) Business Intelligence
13 102 (9.64%) Continuous Integration
14 100 (9.45%) Data Modelling
15 91 (8.60%) DevOps
16 73 (6.90%) ETL
17 70 (6.62%) Open Source
18 64 (6.05%) OO
Programming Languages
1 544 (51.42%) Python
2 319 (30.15%) SQL
3 206 (19.47%) Java
4 172 (16.26%) R
5 147 (13.89%) JavaScript
6 141 (13.33%) Scala
7 76 (7.18%) C++
8 71 (6.71%) C#
9 40 (3.78%) Bash Shell
10 37 (3.50%) TypeScript
11 33 (3.12%) MATLAB
12 32 (3.02%) C
12 32 (3.02%) Go
13 25 (2.36%) Java 8
14 24 (2.27%) Perl
14 24 (2.27%) Ruby
15 18 (1.70%) U-SQL
16 13 (1.23%) PowerShell
17 12 (1.13%) Shell Script
18 10 (0.95%) PHP
Qualifications
1 146 (13.80%) Degree
2 98 (9.26%) PhD
3 45 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
4 40 (3.78%) Master's Degree
5 17 (1.61%) Security Cleared
6 16 (1.51%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (1.23%) SC Cleared
8 8 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
8 8 (0.76%) PMI Certification
9 7 (0.66%) CBAP
10 5 (0.47%) CFA
11 4 (0.38%) PMP
12 3 (0.28%) CEH
12 3 (0.28%) CISSP
12 3 (0.28%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.19%) GIAC
14 1 (0.095%) GCIA
14 1 (0.095%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.095%) MCSA
14 1 (0.095%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (6.81%) Data Quality
2 31 (2.93%) QA
3 8 (0.76%) GDPR
4 6 (0.57%) SLA
5 5 (0.47%) ISO 9001
6 4 (0.38%) IFRS
6 4 (0.38%) IFRS 9
6 4 (0.38%) PMO
7 3 (0.28%) PSD2
8 2 (0.19%) COBIT
8 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.095%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.095%) HAZOP
9 1 (0.095%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 99 (9.36%) Docker
2 25 (2.36%) Apache Flume
3 22 (2.08%) HDFS
4 6 (0.57%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.095%) Ceph
6 1 (0.095%) etcd
6 1 (0.095%) LXC
6 1 (0.095%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 61 (5.77%) Kubernetes
2 50 (4.73%) Oozie
3 24 (2.27%) Ansible
4 18 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
4 18 (1.70%) Terraform
5 15 (1.42%) Mesos
5 15 (1.42%) Puppet
6 7 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
7 5 (0.47%) Kibana
8 3 (0.28%) logstash
8 3 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.19%) Ambari
9 2 (0.19%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.095%) Consul
10 1 (0.095%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.095%) Grafana
10 1 (0.095%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.095%) Marathon
10 1 (0.095%) QRadar
10 1 (0.095%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 102 (9.64%) Microsoft
2 76 (7.18%) Google
3 64 (6.05%) Tableau
4 50 (4.73%) Oracle
5 28 (2.65%) Hortonworks
6 22 (2.08%) SAP
7 19 (1.80%) Splunk
8 17 (1.61%) Informatica
9 16 (1.51%) Cloudera
10 15 (1.42%) Alteryx
11 11 (1.04%) Databricks
12 10 (0.95%) MapR
12 10 (0.95%) Talend
13 8 (0.76%) IBM
14 6 (0.57%) Atlassian
15 5 (0.47%) Rackspace
15 5 (0.47%) Red Hat
15 5 (0.47%) RedGate
16 4 (0.38%) Facebook
16 4 (0.38%) Pega