Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 286 465 670
Rank change year-on-year +179 +205 +87
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 846 449 201
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.89% 0.47% 0.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.05% 0.56% 0.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 606 300 134
England median daily rate £550 £525 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +0.96% +4.00%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £330
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £520
% change year-on-year +4.76% +0.96% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 4
England median hourly rate £45.00 £26.00 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.08% -60.00% -
10th Percentile £19.34 £17.68 £40.88
90th Percentile £48.50 £26.00 £72.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £23.25 £65.00
% change year-on-year +93.55% -64.23% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80495 80390 85393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.70% 84.21% 82.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 54277 53538 56368
England median daily rate £450 £428 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.14% +0.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £418
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.80% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1843 2142 2541
England median hourly rate £25.00 £24.36 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.65% +10.70% +15.79%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.00 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £24.02 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +0.08% +6.67% +15.38%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +107 644 £550 +4.76% 203
South East +13 67 £500 -16.67% 40
Midlands +34 40 £425 -8.11% 11
North of England +68 38 £400 -16.88% 35
East of England -3 35 £550 +66.67% 62
North West +38 26 £400 -16.88% 32
East Midlands +3 20 £463 -15.86% 5
South West +8 19 £431 +4.55% 16
West Midlands +29 18 £401 -11.00% 6
Yorkshire +21 12 £500 - 2
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 483 (57.09%) Python
2 326 (38.53%) Big Data
3 308 (36.41%) Analytics
4 278 (32.86%) Apache Spark
5 254 (30.02%) SQL
6 253 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
7 250 (29.55%) R
8 243 (28.72%) Hadoop
9 212 (25.06%) Java
10 193 (22.81%) Finance
11 182 (21.51%) Algorithms
12 180 (21.28%) Scala
13 173 (20.45%) Amazon AWS
14 161 (19.03%) Visualisation
15 143 (16.90%) Analytical Skills
16 139 (16.43%) Degree
16 139 (16.43%) Mathematics
17 131 (15.48%) Microsoft Azure
18 129 (15.25%) NoSQL
19 127 (15.01%) Computer Science
20 119 (14.07%) Statistics
21 111 (13.12%) JavaScript
22 110 (13.00%) Business Intelligence
22 110 (13.00%) Artificial Intelligence
23 100 (11.82%) Scrum
24 99 (11.70%) Data Visualisation
25 95 (11.23%) Apache
26 94 (11.11%) MongoDB
27 93 (10.99%) Kafka
28 92 (10.87%) Natural Language Processing

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 278 (32.86%) Apache Spark
2 95 (11.23%) Apache
3 48 (5.67%) Elasticsearch
4 40 (4.73%) SAS
5 33 (3.90%) Apache Pig
6 22 (2.60%) Jupyter
7 21 (2.48%) Apache Solr
8 9 (1.06%) Confluence
9 6 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.47%) ArcGIS
10 4 (0.47%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.47%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.35%) GeoServer
11 3 (0.35%) nginx
12 2 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.24%) Facebook Platform
12 2 (0.24%) IIS
12 2 (0.24%) Tornado
13 1 (0.12%) Documentum
13 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 22 (2.60%) SPSS
2 12 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.30%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.59%) Weka
5 4 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.47%) Stata
6 3 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.35%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.24%) InVision
8 1 (0.12%) Gephi
8 1 (0.12%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.12%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.24%) PeopleSoft HCM
3 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.12%) Primavera
3 1 (0.12%) Relativity
3 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 173 (20.45%) Amazon AWS
2 131 (15.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 34 (4.02%) Google Cloud Platform
4 20 (2.36%) Azure Machine Learning
5 17 (2.01%) Azure Data Factory
6 16 (1.89%) SaaS
7 15 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (1.65%) Amazon EMR
8 14 (1.65%) Amazon Kinesis
8 14 (1.65%) Amazon S3
8 14 (1.65%) Serverless
9 13 (1.54%) Data Lake Analytics
10 12 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (1.18%) Dialogflow
11 10 (1.18%) GitHub
12 9 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
13 8 (0.95%) PaaS
14 5 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
15 4 (0.47%) Azure Active Directory
15 4 (0.47%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.30%) HTTP
2 9 (1.06%) LDAP
3 6 (0.71%) Internet
4 4 (0.47%) Intranet
5 3 (0.35%) DNS
5 3 (0.35%) Firewall
5 3 (0.35%) OpenVPN
6 1 (0.12%) AMQP
6 1 (0.12%) Broadband
6 1 (0.12%) Intrusion Detection
6 1 (0.12%) MQTT
6 1 (0.12%) NetScaler
6 1 (0.12%) SMS
6 1 (0.12%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 326 (38.53%) Big Data
2 243 (28.72%) Hadoop
3 129 (15.25%) NoSQL
4 94 (11.11%) MongoDB
5 80 (9.46%) Data Mining
6 77 (9.10%) Apache Hive
7 76 (8.98%) Apache Cassandra
8 69 (8.16%) SQL Server
9 51 (6.03%) Data Warehouse
10 43 (5.08%) BusinessObjects
11 41 (4.85%) HBase
12 38 (4.49%) Data Lake
13 36 (4.26%) Power BI
14 32 (3.78%) Relational Database
15 30 (3.55%) MySQL
16 28 (3.31%) Blockchain
16 28 (3.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 25 (2.96%) Amazon Redshift
18 22 (2.60%) HDInsight
19 21 (2.48%) Impala
Development Applications
1 39 (4.61%) JIRA
2 35 (4.14%) Git (software)
3 24 (2.84%) Jenkins
4 11 (1.30%) Visual Studio
5 8 (0.95%) Selenium
6 7 (0.83%) Grunt
6 7 (0.83%) gulp
7 6 (0.71%) Visual Studio Team System
8 5 (0.59%) Talend Open Studio
8 5 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
8 5 (0.59%) TeamCity
9 4 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 3 (0.35%) Maven
10 3 (0.35%) PyCharm
10 3 (0.35%) SpecFlow
11 2 (0.24%) GoCD
11 2 (0.24%) JUnit
11 2 (0.24%) Subversion
11 2 (0.24%) webpack
12 1 (0.12%) Fiddler
General
1 193 (22.81%) Finance
2 68 (8.04%) Banking
3 59 (6.97%) Retail
4 57 (6.74%) Marketing
5 32 (3.78%) Front Office
6 30 (3.55%) Telecoms
7 24 (2.84%) Publishing
8 22 (2.60%) Investment Banking
9 19 (2.25%) Electronics
10 17 (2.01%) Games
10 17 (2.01%) Manufacturing
11 11 (1.30%) Legal
12 10 (1.18%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (1.06%) Law
14 6 (0.71%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.59%) Advertising
15 5 (0.59%) Automotive
16 4 (0.47%) Aerospace
17 3 (0.35%) Billing
18 2 (0.24%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 255 (30.14%) Data Scientist
2 233 (27.54%) Developer
3 95 (11.23%) Data Engineer
4 78 (9.22%) Analyst
5 63 (7.45%) Architect
6 58 (6.86%) Python Developer
7 53 (6.26%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 52 (6.15%) Scala Developer
9 48 (5.67%) Big Data Developer
10 44 (5.20%) Big Data Engineer
11 42 (4.96%) Java Developer
12 38 (4.49%) Business Analyst
13 29 (3.43%) Senior Data Scientist
13 29 (3.43%) Software Engineer
14 27 (3.19%) Data Architect
15 24 (2.84%) Data Analyst
16 20 (2.36%) Machine Learning Engineer
17 19 (2.25%) Apache Spark Developer
17 19 (2.25%) Lead Architect
18 16 (1.89%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (10.99%) Kafka
2 92 (10.87%) Natural Language Processing
3 69 (8.16%) JSON
4 60 (7.09%) Pandas
4 60 (7.09%) Web Services
5 58 (6.86%) REST
6 57 (6.74%) TensorFlow
7 48 (5.67%) NumPy
8 43 (5.08%) D3.js
9 39 (4.61%) .NET
10 36 (4.26%) HTML
11 35 (4.14%) scikit-learn
12 32 (3.78%) CSS
12 32 (3.78%) Theano
13 31 (3.66%) RESTful
14 30 (3.55%) AngularJS
15 28 (3.31%) Akka
16 26 (3.07%) Keras
17 25 (2.96%) Django
18 24 (2.84%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 182 (21.51%) Algorithms
2 143 (16.90%) Analytical Skills
3 127 (15.01%) Computer Science
4 41 (4.85%) Robotics
5 29 (3.43%) User Experience
6 24 (2.84%) Greenfield Project
7 23 (2.72%) Fintech
8 20 (2.36%) Linked Data
9 16 (1.89%) Data Structures
10 14 (1.65%) Fixed Income
10 14 (1.65%) Semantic Web
11 12 (1.42%) Management Information System
12 10 (1.18%) Data Centre
13 9 (1.06%) Mobile App
13 9 (1.06%) Replication
14 7 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
14 7 (0.83%) Market Risk
15 6 (0.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 6 (0.71%) Hybrid Cloud
16 5 (0.59%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 89 (10.52%) Linux
2 39 (4.61%) Unix
3 27 (3.19%) Windows
4 12 (1.42%) CentOS
5 10 (1.18%) Windows 10
5 10 (1.18%) Windows 7
6 9 (1.06%) Android
6 9 (1.06%) Debian
6 9 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (1.06%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.71%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.71%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.59%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.35%) FreeBSD
10 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 308 (36.41%) Analytics
2 253 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
3 161 (19.03%) Visualisation
4 139 (16.43%) Mathematics
5 119 (14.07%) Statistics
6 110 (13.00%) Artificial Intelligence
6 110 (13.00%) Business Intelligence
7 100 (11.82%) Scrum
8 99 (11.70%) Data Visualisation
9 86 (10.17%) Software Engineering
10 77 (9.10%) Open Source
11 72 (8.51%) Neural Network
12 68 (8.04%) DevOps
13 66 (7.80%) Data Analytics
13 66 (7.80%) TDD
14 63 (7.45%) Data Analysis
15 62 (7.33%) Deep Learning
16 60 (7.09%) ETL
17 56 (6.62%) Predictive Analytics
18 55 (6.50%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 483 (57.09%) Python
2 254 (30.02%) SQL
3 250 (29.55%) R
4 212 (25.06%) Java
5 180 (21.28%) Scala
6 111 (13.12%) JavaScript
7 72 (8.51%) C#
8 40 (4.73%) C++
9 28 (3.31%) MATLAB
10 27 (3.19%) SPARQL
11 23 (2.72%) Shell Script
12 21 (2.48%) Bash Shell
13 17 (2.01%) C
14 11 (1.30%) Ruby
15 10 (1.18%) ES6
15 10 (1.18%) T-SQL
16 9 (1.06%) Go
16 9 (1.06%) Perl
17 7 (0.83%) PowerShell
18 5 (0.59%) VBA
Qualifications
1 139 (16.43%) Degree
2 64 (7.57%) PhD
3 51 (6.03%) Security Cleared
4 38 (4.49%) SC Cleared
5 34 (4.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 21 (2.48%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.71%) PMP
9 6 (0.71%) Postgraduate
10 5 (0.59%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.59%) ISEB
11 2 (0.24%) CISSP
12 1 (0.12%) CCA
12 1 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
12 1 (0.12%) Citrix Certification
12 1 (0.12%) MCSA
12 1 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.37%) QA
2 24 (2.84%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.59%) GCP
3 5 (0.59%) GDPR
4 2 (0.24%) RosettaNet
5 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.12%) ISO 9000
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.12%) MiFID
5 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 63 (7.45%) Docker
2 19 (2.25%) HDFS
3 16 (1.89%) Apache Flume
4 9 (1.06%) Samba
5 7 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.71%) Active Directory
6 6 (0.71%) etcd
6 6 (0.71%) Varnish
7 3 (0.35%) KVM
7 3 (0.35%) pfSense
8 2 (0.24%) Firmware
9 1 (0.12%) Ceph
9 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.12%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.12%) XenApp
9 1 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 26 (3.07%) Hadoop YARN
2 23 (2.72%) Ansible
3 14 (1.65%) Kubernetes
4 13 (1.54%) Mesos
5 12 (1.42%) Puppet
5 12 (1.42%) Terraform
6 10 (1.18%) Oozie
7 8 (0.95%) logstash
7 8 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.83%) Kibana
9 6 (0.71%) Consul
10 2 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.12%) Ambari
11 1 (0.12%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (0.12%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 92 (10.87%) Tableau
2 76 (8.98%) Microsoft
3 42 (4.96%) SAP
4 39 (4.61%) Google
5 24 (2.84%) IBM
6 20 (2.36%) Oracle
7 14 (1.65%) Hortonworks
8 13 (1.54%) Blue Prism
9 8 (0.95%) Alteryx
9 8 (0.95%) Cloudera
10 7 (0.83%) MapR
11 6 (0.71%) Informatica
12 5 (0.59%) MicroStrategy
12 5 (0.59%) Progress
12 5 (0.59%) Talend
12 5 (0.59%) Twitter
12 5 (0.59%) VMware
13 4 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
14 3 (0.35%) Adobe
14 3 (0.35%) Cognos