Period
to 17 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 283 431 663
Rank change year-on-year +148 +232 +94
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 837 452 188
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.91% 0.50% 0.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.07% 0.59% 0.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 587 310 124
England median daily rate £538 £546 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.60% +5.05% +4.00%
10th Percentile £350 £374 £343
90th Percentile £688 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £538 £530 £520
% change year-on-year +1.51% +1.83% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 7
England median hourly rate £45.00 £26.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.08% -30.67% -
10th Percentile £19.34 £17.68 £33.75
90th Percentile £58.25 £26.00 £72.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £23.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year +93.55% -38.00% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,144 76,040 80,572
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.59% 84.08% 82.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,821 50,742 53,006
England median daily rate £450 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.05% +1.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £293 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £614 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,788 2,055 2,462
England median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +8.70% +15.00%
10th Percentile £11.43 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.42 £23.35
% change year-on-year -3.77% +4.58% +16.75%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +103 632 £550 +0.69% 388
South East +9 74 £500 -16.67% 80
North of England +83 46 £400 -16.88% 49
East of England +8 46 £550 +28.65% 90
North West +41 29 £400 -16.88% 40
Midlands +5 24 £401 -21.85% 26
Yorkshire +30 17 £450 -10.00% 5
South West +5 15 £371 -7.25% 37
West Midlands +5 14 £400 -11.11% 12
East Midlands -2 10 £560 +0.45% 14
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 496 (59.26%) Python
2 310 (37.04%) Big Data
3 284 (33.93%) Analytics
4 273 (32.62%) Apache Spark
5 240 (28.67%) R
6 235 (28.08%) Agile Software Development
7 221 (26.40%) SQL
8 213 (25.45%) Hadoop
9 202 (24.13%) Java
10 189 (22.58%) Finance
11 188 (22.46%) Algorithms
12 175 (20.91%) Scala
13 160 (19.12%) Amazon AWS
13 160 (19.12%) Analytical Skills
14 147 (17.56%) Visualisation
14 147 (17.56%) Mathematics
15 139 (16.61%) Statistics
16 135 (16.13%) Degree
17 129 (15.41%) Computer Science
17 129 (15.41%) Microsoft Azure
18 116 (13.86%) NoSQL
19 112 (13.38%) Artificial Intelligence
20 99 (11.83%) JavaScript
21 98 (11.71%) Tableau
22 97 (11.59%) Apache
23 94 (11.23%) Natural Language Processing
24 90 (10.75%) Linux
25 89 (10.63%) Business Intelligence
26 83 (9.92%) Software Engineering
27 82 (9.80%) Apache Hive

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 273 (32.62%) Apache Spark
2 97 (11.59%) Apache
3 46 (5.50%) Apache Pig
4 42 (5.02%) SAS
5 41 (4.90%) Elasticsearch
6 31 (3.70%) Jupyter
7 12 (1.43%) Apache Solr
8 5 (0.60%) GeoServer
8 5 (0.60%) nginx
9 4 (0.48%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.48%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
10 3 (0.36%) ArcGIS
10 3 (0.36%) Tornado
11 2 (0.24%) Confluence
11 2 (0.24%) Facebook Platform
11 2 (0.24%) IIS
11 2 (0.24%) IPython
12 1 (0.12%) Documentum
12 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 23 (2.75%) SPSS
2 13 (1.55%) Chatbot
3 10 (1.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.60%) Weka
5 3 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.36%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.36%) Stata
6 2 (0.24%) InVision
7 1 (0.12%) Gephi
7 1 (0.12%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 17 (2.03%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.24%) HiPortfolio
4 1 (0.12%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 160 (19.12%) Amazon AWS
2 129 (15.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 40 (4.78%) Google Cloud Platform
4 15 (1.79%) Azure Data Factory
5 14 (1.67%) Azure Machine Learning
6 13 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
7 12 (1.43%) Amazon Kinesis
7 12 (1.43%) Amazon S3
8 11 (1.31%) Dialogflow
9 10 (1.19%) Amazon EMR
9 10 (1.19%) Data Lake Analytics
9 10 (1.19%) GitHub
10 9 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
10 9 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (1.08%) SaaS
11 8 (0.96%) Serverless
12 7 (0.84%) PaaS
13 5 (0.60%) Firebase
13 5 (0.60%) Google Analytics
13 5 (0.60%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.08%) Internet
1 9 (1.08%) LDAP
2 8 (0.96%) HTTP
3 3 (0.36%) DNS
3 3 (0.36%) Firewall
3 3 (0.36%) Intranet
3 3 (0.36%) OpenVPN
4 1 (0.12%) Broadband
4 1 (0.12%) Intrusion Detection
4 1 (0.12%) NetScaler
4 1 (0.12%) Skype
4 1 (0.12%) SMS
4 1 (0.12%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 310 (37.04%) Big Data
2 213 (25.45%) Hadoop
3 116 (13.86%) NoSQL
4 82 (9.80%) Apache Hive
5 75 (8.96%) Data Mining
6 68 (8.12%) Apache Cassandra
7 64 (7.65%) MongoDB
8 58 (6.93%) SQL Server
9 52 (6.21%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (6.09%) HBase
11 42 (5.02%) MySQL
12 40 (4.78%) Power BI
13 33 (3.94%) Data Lake
14 32 (3.82%) Relational Database
15 27 (3.23%) Mahout
16 25 (2.99%) Amazon Redshift
16 25 (2.99%) Blockchain
17 24 (2.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 20 (2.39%) HDInsight
18 20 (2.39%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 46 (5.50%) Git (software)
2 28 (3.35%) Jenkins
3 13 (1.55%) JIRA
4 10 (1.19%) Visual Studio
5 9 (1.08%) TeamCity
6 7 (0.84%) Grunt
6 7 (0.84%) gulp
6 7 (0.84%) Selenium
7 6 (0.72%) Subversion
7 6 (0.72%) Visual Studio Team System
8 5 (0.60%) JUnit
9 4 (0.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 4 (0.48%) GoCD
9 4 (0.48%) PyCharm
9 4 (0.48%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (0.36%) Maven
10 3 (0.36%) SpecFlow
10 3 (0.36%) Vagrant
11 2 (0.24%) GitLab
11 2 (0.24%) webpack
General
1 189 (22.58%) Finance
2 75 (8.96%) Banking
3 67 (8.00%) Retail
4 60 (7.17%) Marketing
5 28 (3.35%) Telecoms
6 26 (3.11%) Investment Banking
7 24 (2.87%) Front Office
8 20 (2.39%) Games
8 20 (2.39%) Publishing
9 17 (2.03%) Electronics
10 13 (1.55%) Manufacturing
11 11 (1.31%) Legal
12 9 (1.08%) Advertising
12 9 (1.08%) Law
13 8 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.72%) Automotive
15 5 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.48%) Aerospace
17 3 (0.36%) Billing
17 3 (0.36%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 267 (31.90%) Data Scientist
2 220 (26.28%) Developer
3 93 (11.11%) Data Engineer
4 59 (7.05%) Analyst
5 54 (6.45%) Architect
6 51 (6.09%) Python Developer
7 49 (5.85%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 42 (5.02%) Big Data Engineer
9 37 (4.42%) Big Data Developer
10 36 (4.30%) Java Developer
11 34 (4.06%) Scala Developer
12 29 (3.46%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 26 (3.11%) Senior Data Scientist
14 25 (2.99%) Software Engineer
15 23 (2.75%) Data Analyst
15 23 (2.75%) Data Architect
16 21 (2.51%) Business Analyst
16 21 (2.51%) Consultant
16 21 (2.51%) Senior Developer
17 17 (2.03%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (11.23%) Natural Language Processing
2 79 (9.44%) Kafka
3 67 (8.00%) TensorFlow
4 65 (7.77%) Pandas
5 55 (6.57%) NumPy
6 44 (5.26%) scikit-learn
7 39 (4.66%) .NET
8 34 (4.06%) REST
8 34 (4.06%) Web Services
9 33 (3.94%) D3.js
9 33 (3.94%) Theano
10 31 (3.70%) PySpark
11 30 (3.58%) HTML
11 30 (3.58%) Keras
11 30 (3.58%) RESTful
12 29 (3.46%) React
13 28 (3.35%) AngularJS
13 28 (3.35%) Matplotlib
14 25 (2.99%) Akka
14 25 (2.99%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 188 (22.46%) Algorithms
2 160 (19.12%) Analytical Skills
3 129 (15.41%) Computer Science
4 42 (5.02%) Robotics
5 35 (4.18%) User Experience
6 28 (3.35%) Greenfield Project
7 24 (2.87%) Data Structures
8 23 (2.75%) Fintech
9 20 (2.39%) Linked Data
10 13 (1.55%) Mobile App
11 12 (1.43%) Fixed Income
11 12 (1.43%) Semantic Web
12 11 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (1.19%) Management Information System
14 8 (0.96%) Data Centre
15 7 (0.84%) Replication
16 6 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 6 (0.72%) Virtual Team
17 5 (0.60%) Clustering
17 5 (0.60%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 90 (10.75%) Linux
2 34 (4.06%) Unix
3 21 (2.51%) Windows
4 10 (1.19%) CentOS
4 10 (1.19%) Windows 10
4 10 (1.19%) Windows 7
5 9 (1.08%) Debian
5 9 (1.08%) Ubuntu
6 8 (0.96%) Android
7 7 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.72%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.48%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.36%) FreeBSD
10 3 (0.36%) VMS
10 3 (0.36%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 284 (33.93%) Analytics
2 235 (28.08%) Agile Software Development
3 147 (17.56%) Mathematics
3 147 (17.56%) Visualisation
4 139 (16.61%) Statistics
5 112 (13.38%) Artificial Intelligence
6 89 (10.63%) Business Intelligence
7 83 (9.92%) Software Engineering
8 80 (9.56%) Open Source
9 79 (9.44%) Data Analysis
10 76 (9.08%) DevOps
11 74 (8.84%) Data Analytics
11 74 (8.84%) Scrum
12 70 (8.36%) Deep Learning
13 67 (8.00%) Neural Network
14 66 (7.89%) Data Visualisation
15 65 (7.77%) TDD
16 58 (6.93%) ETL
17 51 (6.09%) Continuous Integration
18 50 (5.97%) Predictive Modelling
Programming Languages
1 496 (59.26%) Python
2 240 (28.67%) R
3 221 (26.40%) SQL
4 202 (24.13%) Java
5 175 (20.91%) Scala
6 99 (11.83%) JavaScript
7 66 (7.89%) C#
8 53 (6.33%) C++
9 32 (3.82%) MATLAB
10 27 (3.23%) C
11 22 (2.63%) SPARQL
12 20 (2.39%) Shell Script
13 19 (2.27%) Bash Shell
13 19 (2.27%) Go
14 11 (1.31%) ES6
14 11 (1.31%) Ruby
15 9 (1.08%) Gremlin
15 9 (1.08%) Perl
15 9 (1.08%) T-SQL
16 4 (0.48%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 135 (16.13%) Degree
2 75 (8.96%) PhD
3 34 (4.06%) Security Cleared
4 32 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (3.35%) Master's Degree
6 25 (2.99%) SC Cleared
7 10 (1.19%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.72%) PMP
9 5 (0.60%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.48%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.24%) ISEB
12 1 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.12%) CCA
12 1 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
12 1 (0.12%) CISSP
12 1 (0.12%) Citrix Certification
12 1 (0.12%) MCSA
12 1 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (3.70%) QA
2 25 (2.99%) Data Quality
3 10 (1.19%) GDPR
4 9 (1.08%) GCP
5 2 (0.24%) RosettaNet
6 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.12%) MiFID
6 1 (0.12%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 66 (7.89%) Docker
2 24 (2.87%) Apache Flume
3 22 (2.63%) HDFS
4 9 (1.08%) Samba
5 7 (0.84%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.72%) etcd
6 6 (0.72%) Varnish
7 4 (0.48%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.36%) KVM
8 3 (0.36%) pfSense
9 2 (0.24%) Firmware
10 1 (0.12%) Ceph
10 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.12%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.12%) XenApp
10 1 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 26 (3.11%) Ansible
2 24 (2.87%) Hadoop YARN
3 21 (2.51%) Kubernetes
4 11 (1.31%) Oozie
4 11 (1.31%) Puppet
5 9 (1.08%) Terraform
6 8 (0.96%) logstash
6 8 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.84%) Kibana
8 6 (0.72%) Consul
8 6 (0.72%) Mesos
9 3 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.24%) Ambari
11 1 (0.12%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (0.12%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 98 (11.71%) Tableau
2 71 (8.48%) Microsoft
3 55 (6.57%) Google
4 27 (3.23%) IBM
5 25 (2.99%) SAP
6 20 (2.39%) MapR
7 16 (1.91%) Hortonworks
8 14 (1.67%) Oracle
9 12 (1.43%) Blue Prism
10 10 (1.19%) Cloudera
11 9 (1.08%) Alteryx
12 8 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (0.84%) Talend
14 6 (0.72%) Informatica
15 5 (0.60%) Teradata
16 4 (0.48%) iManage
17 3 (0.36%) Adobe
17 3 (0.36%) Facebook
17 3 (0.36%) Twitter
17 3 (0.36%) VMware