Period
to 15 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 15 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 238 369 612
Rank change year-on-year +131 +243 +94
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 1,077 581 278
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.14% 0.66% 0.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.32% 0.78% 0.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 775 390 163
England median daily rate £550 £501 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.89% +0.10% -9.09%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £383
90th Percentile £675 £725 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 10 9
England median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% -26.32% -40.63%
10th Percentile £23.00 £16.25 £33.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £77.50 £59.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +28.57% -26.32% -40.63%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,299 74,907 85,743
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.90% 85.02% 84.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,026 49,306 57,151
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £266
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,237 1,961 2,071
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +4.17% +13.50%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.40 £11.72
90th Percentile £50.60 £51.50 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -14.00% - +16.28%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 15 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 15 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 15 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +81 811 £550 - 325
South East +43 127 £475 +11.76% 88
North of England +37 59 £550 - 39
North West +13 44 £550 - 26
East of England +22 27 £521 +4.10% 82
Midlands -9 22 £675 +50.00% 19
South West +3 20 £450 -23.08% 53
West Midlands -20 13 £500 +11.11% 10
East Midlands +1 9 £675 +34.87% 9
Yorkshire - 9 £425 - 10
North East - 6 £650 - 3
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 15 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 598 (55.52%) Python
2 497 (46.15%) Data Science
3 384 (35.65%) Big Data
4 366 (33.98%) Analytics
5 347 (32.22%) Finance
6 333 (30.92%) Agile Software Development
7 329 (30.55%) SQL
8 310 (28.78%) Apache Spark
9 285 (26.46%) Artificial Intelligence
10 270 (25.07%) Hadoop
11 263 (24.42%) Amazon AWS
12 259 (24.05%) Algorithms
13 251 (23.31%) Java
14 236 (21.91%) R
15 192 (17.83%) Scala
16 183 (16.99%) Kafka
16 183 (16.99%) Mathematics
17 182 (16.90%) Analytical Skills
18 176 (16.34%) NoSQL
19 173 (16.06%) Degree
20 172 (15.97%) Computer Science
21 153 (14.21%) Microsoft Azure
22 151 (14.02%) Apache Hive
23 147 (13.65%) Apache Cassandra
24 143 (13.28%) Statistics
25 139 (12.91%) Visualisation
26 131 (12.16%) JavaScript
27 129 (11.98%) Docker
28 124 (11.51%) Problem-Solving
29 123 (11.42%) Software Engineering

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 310 (28.78%) Apache Spark
2 81 (7.52%) Apache
3 61 (5.66%) Elasticsearch
4 48 (4.46%) Apache Pig
5 44 (4.09%) SAS
6 40 (3.71%) Jupyter
7 22 (2.04%) Apache Solr
8 19 (1.76%) Confluence
9 16 (1.49%) Ethereum
9 16 (1.49%) Hyperledger
10 14 (1.30%) nginx
11 9 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.56%) CMS
13 5 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.46%) SharePoint
14 4 (0.37%) OpenStack
15 3 (0.28%) Luigi
16 2 (0.19%) ArcGIS
16 2 (0.19%) WebLogic
17 1 (0.093%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 22 (2.04%) Chatbot
2 11 (1.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.02%) SPSS
3 4 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.28%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.093%) GIMP
5 1 (0.093%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.093%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.093%) Stata
5 1 (0.093%) Weka
Business Applications
1 7 (0.65%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 5 (0.46%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.37%) R3 Corda
3 4 (0.37%) Summit
4 3 (0.28%) HiPortfolio
5 1 (0.093%) Finacle
5 1 (0.093%) FLEXCUBE
5 1 (0.093%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.093%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.093%) Revive Adserver
5 1 (0.093%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 263 (24.42%) Amazon AWS
2 153 (14.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 72 (6.69%) Google Cloud Platform
4 38 (3.53%) Azure Machine Learning
5 31 (2.88%) Amazon S3
6 29 (2.69%) PaaS
7 28 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
8 24 (2.23%) Serverless
9 22 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (1.76%) SaaS
11 16 (1.49%) Google Analytics
12 15 (1.39%) Data Lake Analytics
13 14 (1.30%) GitHub
14 13 (1.21%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (1.21%) Azure Data Factory
15 12 (1.11%) Amazon Kinesis
15 12 (1.11%) IaaS
16 11 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
17 9 (0.84%) Amazon EMR
18 5 (0.46%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.51%) HTTP
2 11 (1.02%) SSL
3 9 (0.84%) SMS
4 8 (0.74%) VPN
5 7 (0.65%) Kerberos
6 6 (0.56%) Internet
7 5 (0.46%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.37%) SNA
9 3 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (0.28%) Network Security
10 2 (0.19%) AMQP
10 2 (0.19%) Firewall
11 1 (0.093%) DNS
11 1 (0.093%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.093%) FlexRay
11 1 (0.093%) FTP
11 1 (0.093%) IPsec
11 1 (0.093%) SSH
11 1 (0.093%) WAN
11 1 (0.093%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 384 (35.65%) Big Data
2 270 (25.07%) Hadoop
3 176 (16.34%) NoSQL
4 151 (14.02%) Apache Hive
5 147 (13.65%) Apache Cassandra
6 120 (11.14%) MongoDB
7 113 (10.49%) Data Warehouse
8 81 (7.52%) Data Mining
9 80 (7.43%) Relational Database
10 59 (5.48%) OLAP
11 56 (5.20%) Power BI
12 51 (4.74%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
12 51 (4.74%) OLAP Cube
12 51 (4.74%) Star Schema
13 49 (4.55%) HBase
13 49 (4.55%) MySQL
14 45 (4.18%) PostgreSQL
14 45 (4.18%) SQL Server
15 42 (3.90%) Data Lake
16 38 (3.53%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 110 (10.21%) Git (software)
2 60 (5.57%) Jenkins
3 46 (4.27%) JIRA
4 23 (2.14%) Visual Studio Team System
5 16 (1.49%) webpack
6 13 (1.21%) TeamCity
7 12 (1.11%) Jasmine
7 12 (1.11%) Maven
7 12 (1.11%) Visual Studio
8 11 (1.02%) Eclipse
8 11 (1.02%) GitLab
9 10 (0.93%) Grunt
9 10 (0.93%) gulp
9 10 (0.93%) Octopus Deploy
9 10 (0.93%) PhantomJS
9 10 (0.93%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (0.84%) Subversion
11 8 (0.74%) Cucumber
11 8 (0.74%) JUnit
11 8 (0.74%) Selenium
General
1 347 (32.22%) Finance
2 95 (8.82%) Banking
3 70 (6.50%) Marketing
4 59 (5.48%) Retail
5 45 (4.18%) Games
6 31 (2.88%) Front Office
7 29 (2.69%) Telecoms
8 25 (2.32%) Manufacturing
9 22 (2.04%) Investment Banking
10 19 (1.76%) Electronics
11 15 (1.39%) Advertising
12 14 (1.30%) Retail Banking
13 9 (0.84%) Law
14 8 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.65%) Legal
16 6 (0.56%) Publishing
17 5 (0.46%) Automotive
17 5 (0.46%) Digital Economy
18 4 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
19 3 (0.28%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 354 (32.87%) Developer
2 252 (23.40%) Data Scientist
3 148 (13.74%) Data Engineer
4 91 (8.45%) Python Developer
5 59 (5.48%) Java Developer
6 55 (5.11%) Hadoop Engineer
7 53 (4.92%) Analyst
8 52 (4.83%) Architect
9 51 (4.74%) Big Data Engineer
10 50 (4.64%) Machine Learning Developer
10 50 (4.64%) Scala Developer
11 46 (4.27%) Senior Developer
12 37 (3.44%) AWS Engineer
12 37 (3.44%) Python Engineer
13 32 (2.97%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 31 (2.88%) Software Engineer
15 29 (2.69%) Senior Data Engineer
16 27 (2.51%) DevOps Engineer
16 27 (2.51%) Senior Data Scientist
17 25 (2.32%) Big Data Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 183 (16.99%) Kafka
2 117 (10.86%) Natural Language Processing
3 110 (10.21%) TensorFlow
4 83 (7.71%) Pandas
5 77 (7.15%) React
6 67 (6.22%) HTML
7 64 (5.94%) Keras
8 61 (5.66%) NumPy
9 56 (5.20%) AngularJS
10 52 (4.83%) REST
11 50 (4.64%) RESTful
12 43 (3.99%) .NET
12 43 (3.99%) scikit-learn
13 42 (3.90%) Node.js
14 41 (3.81%) CSS
14 41 (3.81%) PySpark
15 38 (3.53%) Akka
16 37 (3.44%) Spring
17 35 (3.25%) Redux
18 34 (3.16%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 259 (24.05%) Algorithms
2 182 (16.90%) Analytical Skills
3 172 (15.97%) Computer Science
4 62 (5.76%) Data Structures
5 55 (5.11%) Greenfield Project
6 40 (3.71%) Fintech
7 33 (3.06%) Mobile App
8 22 (2.04%) User Experience
9 18 (1.67%) Robotics
10 13 (1.21%) Blog
11 12 (1.11%) Bitcoin
11 12 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (1.02%) iPad
12 11 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
13 9 (0.84%) Equities
13 9 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 9 (0.84%) Hedge funds
13 9 (0.84%) Virtual Team
14 8 (0.74%) Management Information System
14 8 (0.74%) Minimum Viable Product
Operating Systems
1 118 (10.96%) Linux
2 58 (5.39%) Unix
3 20 (1.86%) Windows
4 13 (1.21%) Android
5 7 (0.65%) Ubuntu
6 6 (0.56%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.56%) CentOS
7 4 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.093%) AIX
9 1 (0.093%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.093%) HPUX
9 1 (0.093%) Solaris
9 1 (0.093%) VMS
9 1 (0.093%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 497 (46.15%) Data Science
2 366 (33.98%) Analytics
3 333 (30.92%) Agile Software Development
4 285 (26.46%) Artificial Intelligence
5 183 (16.99%) Mathematics
6 143 (13.28%) Statistics
7 139 (12.91%) Visualisation
8 124 (11.51%) Problem-Solving
9 123 (11.42%) Software Engineering
10 117 (10.86%) Business Intelligence
11 116 (10.77%) TDD
12 115 (10.68%) DevOps
13 113 (10.49%) Deep Learning
14 109 (10.12%) Data Modelling
14 109 (10.12%) Scrum
15 100 (9.29%) Continuous Integration
16 89 (8.26%) Open Source
17 79 (7.34%) Data Analytics
18 77 (7.15%) ETL
19 74 (6.87%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 598 (55.52%) Python
2 329 (30.55%) SQL
3 251 (23.31%) Java
4 236 (21.91%) R
5 192 (17.83%) Scala
6 131 (12.16%) JavaScript
7 65 (6.04%) C++
8 63 (5.85%) C#
9 46 (4.27%) Go
10 45 (4.18%) C
11 41 (3.81%) MATLAB
12 30 (2.79%) Perl
13 28 (2.60%) Bash Shell
13 28 (2.60%) Ruby
14 25 (2.32%) Java 8
15 16 (1.49%) ES6
16 15 (1.39%) U-SQL
17 12 (1.11%) TypeScript
18 11 (1.02%) PHP
18 11 (1.02%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 173 (16.06%) Degree
2 81 (7.52%) PhD
3 43 (3.99%) Computer Science Degree
4 39 (3.62%) Master's Degree
5 22 (2.04%) Security Cleared
6 19 (1.76%) SC Cleared
7 15 (1.39%) Numerate Degree
8 10 (0.93%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.65%) PMI Certification
10 4 (0.37%) CISSP
11 3 (0.28%) CEH
11 3 (0.28%) PMP
12 2 (0.19%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.19%) CBAP
12 2 (0.19%) CISM
12 2 (0.19%) ECSA
12 2 (0.19%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.093%) GIAC
13 1 (0.093%) OSCP
13 1 (0.093%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (8.26%) Data Quality
2 29 (2.69%) QA
3 22 (2.04%) GCP
4 14 (1.30%) GDPR
5 4 (0.37%) IFRS
5 4 (0.37%) IFRS 9
5 4 (0.37%) PSD2
5 4 (0.37%) SLA
6 2 (0.19%) HAZOP
6 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.19%) MiFID
7 1 (0.093%) HL7
7 1 (0.093%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 129 (11.98%) Docker
2 39 (3.62%) Apache Flume
3 23 (2.14%) HDFS
4 6 (0.56%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.28%) Ceph
5 3 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.19%) etcd
6 2 (0.19%) Varnish
7 1 (0.093%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 65 (6.04%) Oozie
2 62 (5.76%) Kubernetes
3 43 (3.99%) Ansible
4 30 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
5 24 (2.23%) Puppet
6 22 (2.04%) Terraform
7 15 (1.39%) Mesos
8 12 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (0.28%) Ambari
9 3 (0.28%) Consul
9 3 (0.28%) HAProxy
9 3 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 2 (0.19%) Apache Slider
11 1 (0.093%) Kibana
11 1 (0.093%) Nagios
11 1 (0.093%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.093%) SCCM
11 1 (0.093%) SCOM
11 1 (0.093%) SCVMM
11 1 (0.093%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 96 (8.91%) Google
2 79 (7.34%) Microsoft
3 74 (6.87%) Tableau
4 36 (3.34%) Oracle
5 34 (3.16%) Hortonworks
6 27 (2.51%) SAP
7 18 (1.67%) Alteryx
7 18 (1.67%) Cloudera
8 17 (1.58%) MapR
9 16 (1.49%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (1.02%) Capita
12 10 (0.93%) Splunk
13 9 (0.84%) IBM
13 9 (0.84%) Teradata
14 7 (0.65%) Databricks
14 7 (0.65%) RapidMiner
14 7 (0.65%) Talend
15 6 (0.56%) Informatica
16 5 (0.46%) Reuters