Period
to 28 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 217 168 326
Rank change year-on-year -49 +158 -33
Contract jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 892 568 520
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.28% 1.63% 0.79%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.10% 5.12% 2.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 769 443 356
10th Percentile £531 £453 £438
25th Percentile £600 £544 £525
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £700 £650 £650
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £800 £750 £725
90th Percentile £875 £800 £775
UK median daily rate £700 £650 £625
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - - £20.50
Median hourly rate - - £21.00
75th Percentile - - £21.50
90th Percentile - - -
UK median hourly rate £43.00 - £21.00

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,769 11,098 18,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.16% 31.78% 28.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,559 7,563 12,516
10th Percentile £300 £258 £263
25th Percentile £419 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +13.68% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £473
% change year-on-year +10.53% +0.53% -0.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 612 437 737
10th Percentile £12.36 £12.50 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.97 £17.25 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.66% +29.27% +0.61%
75th Percentile £49.25 £46.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £64.98 £58.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £26.27 £26.27 £21.00
% change year-on-year - +25.10% +5.00%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Daily rate trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Hourly rate trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -39 881 £700 +7.69% 141
South East - 3 £550 - 1
East Midlands -28 1 £613 - 3
Midlands -69 1 £613 - 3
Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 519 (58.18%) Front Office
2 506 (56.73%) Finance
3 424 (47.53%) Java
4 371 (41.59%) Agile Software Development
5 368 (41.26%) Banking
6 302 (33.86%) Derivative
7 275 (30.83%) Social Skills
8 272 (30.49%) Fixed Income
9 263 (29.48%) C#
10 260 (29.15%) Electronic Trading
11 257 (28.81%) Equities
12 249 (27.91%) Python
13 240 (26.91%) Investment Banking
14 234 (26.23%) SQL
15 227 (25.45%) JavaScript
16 220 (24.66%) Software Engineering
17 214 (23.99%) React
18 197 (22.09%) TypeScript
19 194 (21.75%) Multithreading
20 184 (20.63%) .NET
21 181 (20.29%) Low Latency
22 170 (19.06%) CI/CD
23 166 (18.61%) AWS
24 150 (16.82%) Asset Management
25 142 (15.92%) C++
26 132 (14.80%) Analytical Skills
27 131 (14.69%) Full Stack Development
28 119 (13.34%) Investment Management
29 118 (13.23%) Hedge funds
30 117 (13.12%) OO

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (2.13%) Apache
2 13 (1.46%) Apache Airflow
3 8 (0.90%) Confluence
4 6 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (0.67%) WebSphere
5 5 (0.56%) Apache Spark
5 5 (0.56%) Oracle Coherence
6 1 (0.11%) CMS
6 1 (0.11%) IBM HTTP Server
6 1 (0.11%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.11%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.11%) Tornado
Applications
1 26 (2.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.35%) Microsoft Project
2 12 (1.35%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.34%) LaTeX
5 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (2.58%) BusinessWorks
2 6 (0.67%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.56%) Orchestrade
4 4 (0.45%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.22%) SimCorp Dimension
6 1 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
6 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.11%) Kondor
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.11%) RMDS
6 1 (0.11%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.11%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.11%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 166 (18.61%) AWS
2 108 (12.11%) Azure
3 86 (9.64%) GCP
4 33 (3.70%) Serverless
5 32 (3.59%) Amazon EC2
6 31 (3.48%) Amazon S3
6 31 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
7 8 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
8 7 (0.78%) OpenShift
9 5 (0.56%) IaaS
9 5 (0.56%) npm
9 5 (0.56%) Yarn
10 2 (0.22%) Azure Data Factory
10 2 (0.22%) Azure Functions
10 2 (0.22%) Azure Logic Apps
10 2 (0.22%) Azure Service Bus
10 2 (0.22%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.22%) GitHub
10 2 (0.22%) GitHub Actions
11 1 (0.11%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.59%) TCP/IP
2 27 (3.03%) RTMP
3 26 (2.91%) Multicast
4 17 (1.91%) Firewall
5 14 (1.57%) HTTP
6 3 (0.34%) SSL
7 2 (0.22%) BGP
7 2 (0.22%) Internet
8 1 (0.11%) 5G
8 1 (0.11%) FIX Connectivity
8 1 (0.11%) IPv4
8 1 (0.11%) IPv6
8 1 (0.11%) LTE
8 1 (0.11%) MPLS
8 1 (0.11%) Network Security
8 1 (0.11%) OSPF
8 1 (0.11%) Radio Access Network
8 1 (0.11%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (5.27%) SQL Server
2 43 (4.82%) Relational Database
3 31 (3.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 19 (2.13%) Apache Ignite
5 17 (1.91%) Hazelcast
6 15 (1.68%) KDB
7 13 (1.46%) Amazon Athena
8 12 (1.35%) NoSQL
9 10 (1.12%) Data Mart
10 9 (1.01%) Big Data
11 7 (0.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 5 (0.56%) MongoDB
12 5 (0.56%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 4 (0.45%) Apache Hive
13 4 (0.45%) HBase
13 4 (0.45%) Impala
13 4 (0.45%) SAP BW
14 2 (0.22%) Apache Cassandra
14 2 (0.22%) Redis
Development Applications
1 103 (11.55%) Git (software)
2 49 (5.49%) JIRA
3 44 (4.93%) Maven
4 35 (3.92%) Jenkins
5 22 (2.47%) TeamCity
6 18 (2.02%) Bitbucket
7 15 (1.68%) Artifactory
7 15 (1.68%) webpack
8 14 (1.57%) Subversion
9 11 (1.23%) Visual Studio
10 9 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
11 7 (0.78%) git-flow
12 5 (0.56%) Browser DevTools
12 5 (0.56%) GCC
12 5 (0.56%) GDB
12 5 (0.56%) Storybook
13 4 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 4 (0.45%) GitLab
13 4 (0.45%) IntelliJ
13 4 (0.45%) Rhino Mocks
General
1 519 (58.18%) Front Office
2 506 (56.73%) Finance
3 368 (41.26%) Banking
4 275 (30.83%) Social Skills
5 240 (26.91%) Investment Banking
6 132 (14.80%) Analytical Skills
7 23 (2.58%) Organisational Skills
7 23 (2.58%) Presentation Skills
8 19 (2.13%) Influencing Skills
9 15 (1.68%) Back Office
10 10 (1.12%) Legal
11 7 (0.78%) Marketing
12 5 (0.56%) General Ledger
12 5 (0.56%) International Banking
13 4 (0.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 4 (0.45%) Retail
13 4 (0.45%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.34%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.34%) Wholesale Banking
15 2 (0.22%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 567 (63.57%) Developer
2 221 (24.78%) Java Developer
3 143 (16.03%) Software Engineer
4 135 (15.13%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 133 (14.91%) Analyst
6 99 (11.10%) Senior Developer
7 93 (10.43%) Business Analyst
8 83 (9.30%) C# Developer
9 77 (8.63%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 77 (8.63%) Senior Java Developer
10 71 (7.96%) Python Developer
11 66 (7.40%) AWS Developer
11 66 (7.40%) AWS Engineer
11 66 (7.40%) AWS Software Engineer
11 66 (7.40%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
12 59 (6.61%) Front Office Developer
12 59 (6.61%) React Developer
13 56 (6.28%) Python Engineer
14 51 (5.72%) Investment Banking Java Developer
15 48 (5.38%) Core Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 214 (23.99%) React
2 184 (20.63%) .NET
3 106 (11.88%) AngularJS
4 87 (9.75%) Rendezvous
5 81 (9.08%) HTML
6 79 (8.86%) WPF
7 67 (7.51%) Middleware
8 63 (7.06%) Node.js
9 59 (6.61%) CSS
10 56 (6.28%) Vue.js
11 55 (6.17%) HTML5
12 54 (6.05%) RESTful
13 53 (5.94%) .NET Core
14 45 (5.04%) Reactive Extensions
15 44 (4.93%) ASP.NET Web API
16 43 (4.82%) ASP.NET
17 33 (3.70%) Spring
18 32 (3.59%) ASP.NET Core
19 31 (3.48%) Protocol Buffers
20 28 (3.14%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 302 (33.86%) Derivative
2 272 (30.49%) Fixed Income
3 257 (28.81%) Equities
4 118 (13.23%) Hedge funds
5 95 (10.65%) Data Structures
6 74 (8.30%) Algorithms
7 65 (7.29%) Greenfield Project
8 54 (6.05%) User Experience
9 41 (4.60%) Credit Derivative
10 26 (2.91%) Market Risk
11 24 (2.69%) Credit Risk
12 19 (2.13%) Legacy Systems
13 14 (1.57%) Data Protection Act
14 13 (1.46%) Equity Derivative
15 12 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
16 10 (1.12%) Virtual Team
17 9 (1.01%) Analytical Mindset
18 7 (0.78%) Cloud Native
18 7 (0.78%) Legacy Code
18 7 (0.78%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 77 (8.63%) Linux
2 53 (5.94%) Unix
3 45 (5.04%) Windows
4 15 (1.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.22%) Solaris
6 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 371 (41.59%) Agile Software Development
2 260 (29.15%) Electronic Trading
3 220 (24.66%) Software Engineering
4 194 (21.75%) Multithreading
5 181 (20.29%) Low Latency
6 170 (19.06%) CI/CD
7 150 (16.82%) Asset Management
8 131 (14.69%) Full Stack Development
9 119 (13.34%) Investment Management
10 117 (13.12%) OO
11 113 (12.67%) DevOps
12 96 (10.76%) Analytics
13 88 (9.87%) Scrum
14 87 (9.75%) TDD
15 84 (9.42%) Algorithmic Trading
16 77 (8.63%) Front End Development
17 73 (8.18%) OOD
17 73 (8.18%) Performance Tuning
18 69 (7.74%) Problem-Solving
19 60 (6.73%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 424 (47.53%) Java
2 263 (29.48%) C#
3 249 (27.91%) Python
4 234 (26.23%) SQL
5 227 (25.45%) JavaScript
6 197 (22.09%) TypeScript
7 142 (15.92%) C++
8 53 (5.94%) Java 8
9 48 (5.38%) Kotlin
10 27 (3.03%) XAML
11 26 (2.91%) Perl
12 20 (2.24%) Java 9
13 19 (2.13%) Scala
14 16 (1.79%) ES6
15 11 (1.23%) Java 11
16 6 (0.67%) PL/SQL
17 5 (0.56%) VBA
18 3 (0.34%) Bash
18 3 (0.34%) F#
18 3 (0.34%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 68 (7.62%) Degree
2 39 (4.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (2.02%) PhD
4 10 (1.12%) Numerate Degree
5 2 (0.22%) CCNP
5 2 (0.22%) CFA
5 2 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (0.22%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.11%) CCNA
6 1 (0.11%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.11%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (7.96%) QA
2 13 (1.46%) Data Quality
2 13 (1.46%) IFRS
3 12 (1.35%) MiFID
4 11 (1.23%) FRS 29
5 9 (1.01%) EMIR
6 7 (0.78%) PMO
7 6 (0.67%) Dodd-Frank
7 6 (0.67%) GAAP
8 4 (0.45%) IFRS 9
9 3 (0.34%) Basel III
10 2 (0.22%) PSD2
11 1 (0.11%) FATCA
11 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 78 (8.74%) Docker
2 4 (0.45%) HDFS
2 4 (0.45%) NFS
2 4 (0.45%) Samba
3 2 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 64 (7.17%) Terraform
2 43 (4.82%) Kubernetes
3 25 (2.80%) Ansible
4 23 (2.58%) BladeLogic
5 7 (0.78%) ITRS Geneos
6 4 (0.45%) Oozie
6 4 (0.45%) Puppet
7 3 (0.34%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.11%) Control-M
8 1 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.11%) Istio
8 1 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 89 (9.98%) TIBCO
2 81 (9.08%) Oracle
3 66 (7.40%) Microsoft
4 32 (3.59%) Murex
5 23 (2.58%) BMC
6 21 (2.35%) ION Trading
7 19 (2.13%) Bloomberg
8 17 (1.91%) Sun
9 15 (1.68%) Currenex
9 15 (1.68%) Red Hat
9 15 (1.68%) Refinitiv
9 15 (1.68%) Solace
10 10 (1.12%) SAP
10 10 (1.12%) Sybase
11 4 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
12 3 (0.34%) Atlassian
12 3 (0.34%) Fidessa
12 3 (0.34%) Google
12 3 (0.34%) Tradeweb
13 2 (0.22%) Twitter