Period
to 19 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 242 112 337
Rank change year-on-year -130 +225 -88
Contract jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 783 586 588
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.16% 2.18% 0.76%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.79% 6.77% 2.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 657 472 407
10th Percentile £500 £488 £413
25th Percentile £575 £550 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £692 £650 £600
Median % change year-on-year +6.38% +8.33% -4.00%
75th Percentile £775 £795 £738
90th Percentile £835 £825 £794
UK median daily rate £688 £650 £600
% change year-on-year +5.77% +8.33% -3.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
Median hourly rate - - £40.00
UK median hourly rate - £14.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year - -33.33% -61.82%

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 20,654 8,658 22,363
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.65% 32.27% 28.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,603 5,968 14,863
10th Percentile £300 £275 £275
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £619 £588
90th Percentile £729 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 622 262 773
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.25 £11.39
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.08 £30.43 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -20.85% +48.41% +1.23%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £63.75 £61.25 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.88 £20.50
% change year-on-year -7.00% +31.13% +2.50%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Daily rate trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Hourly rate trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -65 778 £693 +6.65% 141
Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 465 (59.39%) Java
2 441 (56.32%) Front Office
3 406 (51.85%) Finance
4 360 (45.98%) Banking
5 284 (36.27%) Agile Software Development
6 266 (33.97%) Fixed Income
7 265 (33.84%) Derivative
8 251 (32.06%) Investment Banking
9 232 (29.63%) SQL
10 219 (27.97%) Multithreading
11 206 (26.31%) Equities
12 198 (25.29%) C#
12 198 (25.29%) Electronic Trading
13 195 (24.90%) Social Skills
14 192 (24.52%) JavaScript
15 190 (24.27%) Python
16 176 (22.48%) Low Latency
17 175 (22.35%) Software Engineering
18 166 (21.20%) React
19 156 (19.92%) TypeScript
20 153 (19.54%) C++
21 135 (17.24%) AWS
22 133 (16.99%) Full Stack Development
23 119 (15.20%) Analytical Skills
23 119 (15.20%) Asset Management
24 113 (14.43%) .NET
25 101 (12.90%) AngularJS
26 99 (12.64%) Oracle
27 94 (12.01%) Data Structures
28 89 (11.37%) Linux

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (4.60%) Apache
2 23 (2.94%) Apache Airflow
3 15 (1.92%) Oracle Coherence
4 14 (1.79%) WebSphere
5 8 (1.02%) Apache Spark
6 5 (0.64%) Confluence
7 4 (0.51%) MQSeries
8 3 (0.38%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.26%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.13%) IBM HTTP Server
10 1 (0.13%) JBoss
10 1 (0.13%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.13%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.13%) WebLogic
Applications
1 26 (3.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.53%) Microsoft Project
3 11 (1.40%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.13%) LaTeX
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 15 (1.92%) Orchestrade
2 7 (0.89%) RMDS
3 6 (0.77%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.26%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle FAH
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle General Ledger
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 2 (0.26%) SimCorp Dimension
5 1 (0.13%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 135 (17.24%) AWS
2 75 (9.58%) Azure
3 54 (6.90%) Amazon S3
4 53 (6.77%) Amazon EC2
4 53 (6.77%) GCP
5 52 (6.64%) AWS Lambda
5 52 (6.64%) Serverless
6 6 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
7 5 (0.64%) Cloud Computing
7 5 (0.64%) OpenShift
8 3 (0.38%) npm
8 3 (0.38%) Yarn
9 2 (0.26%) Power Platform
10 1 (0.13%) Amazon EMR
10 1 (0.13%) Amazon Kinesis
10 1 (0.13%) Amazon SQS
10 1 (0.13%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 30 (3.83%) TCP/IP
2 24 (3.07%) RTMP
2 24 (3.07%) SSL
3 11 (1.40%) HTTP
4 9 (1.15%) Multicast
5 7 (0.89%) BGP
6 6 (0.77%) Firewall
7 3 (0.38%) FIX Connectivity
8 2 (0.26%) Internet
9 1 (0.13%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (6.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 48 (6.13%) Relational Database
3 46 (5.87%) Hazelcast
4 44 (5.62%) SQL Server
5 36 (4.60%) Apache Ignite
6 26 (3.32%) Redis
7 22 (2.81%) Amazon Athena
7 22 (2.81%) Data Mart
8 13 (1.66%) KDB
9 9 (1.15%) Big Data
9 9 (1.15%) RDBMS
10 6 (0.77%) NoSQL
11 5 (0.64%) MongoDB
12 3 (0.38%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (0.38%) Data Lake
12 3 (0.38%) Data Warehouse
12 3 (0.38%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 2 (0.26%) Apache Hive
13 2 (0.26%) Azure SQL Database
13 2 (0.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 64 (8.17%) Git (software)
2 42 (5.36%) JIRA
3 30 (3.83%) Maven
4 26 (3.32%) Jenkins
5 22 (2.81%) Subversion
6 15 (1.92%) TeamCity
7 12 (1.53%) Octopus Deploy
8 9 (1.15%) Bitbucket
9 6 (0.77%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.51%) IntelliJ
11 3 (0.38%) Browser DevTools
11 3 (0.38%) GCC
11 3 (0.38%) GDB
11 3 (0.38%) git-flow
11 3 (0.38%) Storybook
11 3 (0.38%) webpack
12 2 (0.26%) CMake
12 2 (0.26%) Gradle
12 2 (0.26%) NUnit
13 1 (0.13%) HP UFT
General
1 441 (56.32%) Front Office
2 406 (51.85%) Finance
3 360 (45.98%) Banking
4 251 (32.06%) Investment Banking
5 195 (24.90%) Social Skills
6 119 (15.20%) Analytical Skills
7 23 (2.94%) Back Office
8 17 (2.17%) French Language
9 13 (1.66%) Marketing
10 12 (1.53%) Organisational Skills
11 11 (1.40%) Presentation Skills
12 10 (1.28%) Legal
13 9 (1.15%) Influencing Skills
14 6 (0.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 6 (0.77%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.51%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.51%) Prime Brokerage
16 2 (0.26%) General Ledger
16 2 (0.26%) Public Sector
16 2 (0.26%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 547 (69.86%) Developer
2 242 (30.91%) Java Developer
3 98 (12.52%) Senior Developer
4 93 (11.88%) Front Office Developer
5 85 (10.86%) C# Developer
6 84 (10.73%) Python Developer
7 82 (10.47%) JavaScript Developer
8 79 (10.09%) Analyst
9 77 (9.83%) Senior Java Developer
10 76 (9.71%) Software Engineer
11 73 (9.32%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 67 (8.56%) React Developer
13 63 (8.05%) Python Engineer
14 60 (7.66%) Investment Banking Java Developer
15 58 (7.41%) Business Analyst
16 57 (7.28%) Electronic Trading Developer
17 56 (7.15%) Python Software Engineer
18 54 (6.90%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
19 52 (6.64%) Lead Developer
20 45 (5.75%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 166 (21.20%) React
2 113 (14.43%) .NET
3 101 (12.90%) AngularJS
4 84 (10.73%) HTML
5 80 (10.22%) Web Services
6 69 (8.81%) HTML5
6 69 (8.81%) Spring
7 66 (8.43%) Node.js
8 62 (7.92%) RESTful
9 60 (7.66%) Middleware
9 60 (7.66%) Spring Boot
10 55 (7.02%) Rendezvous
11 52 (6.64%) Vue.js
12 51 (6.51%) WPF
13 41 (5.24%) FIX Protocol
14 35 (4.47%) CSS
15 34 (4.34%) Reactive Extensions
16 31 (3.96%) Kafka
17 29 (3.70%) GraphQL
18 26 (3.32%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 266 (33.97%) Fixed Income
2 265 (33.84%) Derivative
3 206 (26.31%) Equities
4 94 (12.01%) Data Structures
5 75 (9.58%) Algorithms
6 71 (9.07%) Hedge funds
7 36 (4.60%) Credit Risk
8 27 (3.45%) Legacy Systems
9 25 (3.19%) Credit Derivative
9 25 (3.19%) Market Risk
10 24 (3.07%) Data Protection Act
10 24 (3.07%) Legacy Applications
11 23 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
11 23 (2.94%) User Experience
12 17 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
13 15 (1.92%) Equity Derivative
13 15 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
14 9 (1.15%) Analytical Mindset
15 6 (0.77%) OTC Derivatives
15 6 (0.77%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 89 (11.37%) Linux
2 64 (8.17%) Unix
3 24 (3.07%) Windows
4 6 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.13%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 284 (36.27%) Agile Software Development
2 219 (27.97%) Multithreading
3 198 (25.29%) Electronic Trading
4 176 (22.48%) Low Latency
5 175 (22.35%) Software Engineering
6 133 (16.99%) Full Stack Development
7 119 (15.20%) Asset Management
8 87 (11.11%) Analytics
9 75 (9.58%) Algorithmic Trading
10 74 (9.45%) Performance Tuning
11 70 (8.94%) OO
12 69 (8.81%) TDD
13 68 (8.68%) DevOps
14 65 (8.30%) Problem-Solving
14 65 (8.30%) Scrum
15 63 (8.05%) Investment Management
16 55 (7.02%) Multithreaded Programming
17 54 (6.90%) OOD
18 51 (6.51%) Migration
19 49 (6.26%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 465 (59.39%) Java
2 232 (29.63%) SQL
3 198 (25.29%) C#
4 192 (24.52%) JavaScript
5 190 (24.27%) Python
6 156 (19.92%) TypeScript
7 153 (19.54%) C++
8 87 (11.11%) Kotlin
9 61 (7.79%) Java 8
10 57 (7.28%) Scala
11 38 (4.85%) PL/SQL
12 27 (3.45%) Haskell
12 27 (3.45%) Java 9
13 24 (3.07%) XAML
14 19 (2.43%) Java 11
15 17 (2.17%) Perl
16 5 (0.64%) VBA
17 4 (0.51%) Go
18 3 (0.38%) C
19 2 (0.26%) ES6
Qualifications
1 60 (7.66%) Degree
2 15 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (1.66%) PhD
4 3 (0.38%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.26%) CFA
5 2 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.13%) ACCA
6 1 (0.13%) CIMA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.68%) MiFID
2 20 (2.55%) QA
3 10 (1.28%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.51%) EMIR
5 3 (0.38%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.38%) PMO
6 2 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.26%) FATCA
6 2 (0.26%) GDPR
7 1 (0.13%) Basel III
7 1 (0.13%) GAAP
7 1 (0.13%) IFRS
7 1 (0.13%) PSD2
7 1 (0.13%) SEPA
System Software
1 40 (5.11%) Docker
2 2 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (0.26%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 31 (3.96%) Kubernetes
2 30 (3.83%) Terraform
3 18 (2.30%) Ansible
4 8 (1.02%) Puppet
5 6 (0.77%) BladeLogic
5 6 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.51%) ITRS Geneos
7 2 (0.26%) Oozie
8 1 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.13%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.13%) Istio
Vendors
1 99 (12.64%) Oracle
2 55 (7.02%) TIBCO
3 44 (5.62%) Murex
4 43 (5.49%) Microsoft
5 28 (3.58%) ION Trading
6 22 (2.81%) Solace
7 16 (2.04%) Sun
8 13 (1.66%) Currenex
8 13 (1.66%) Sybase
9 10 (1.28%) Bloomberg
10 8 (1.02%) FXall
10 8 (1.02%) Google
10 8 (1.02%) Reuters
11 6 (0.77%) BMC
11 6 (0.77%) IBM
11 6 (0.77%) Red Hat
11 6 (0.77%) Refinitiv
12 4 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
13 3 (0.38%) Avaloq
14 2 (0.26%) Barracuda Networks