Period
to 3 August 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 376 298 421
Rank change year-on-year -78 +123 -35
Permanent jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 803 680 977
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.80% 1.10% 0.73%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.02% 3.06% 2.07%
Number of salaries quoted 636 602 826
10th Percentile £58,750 £62,500 £48,750
25th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £58,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £100,000 £102,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -2.44% +36.67% +3.45%
75th Percentile £126,250 £127,500 £100,000
90th Percentile £142,500 £138,750 £120,000
UK median annual salary £100,000 £102,500 £75,000
% change year-on-year -2.44% +36.67% +7.14%

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 39,791 22,243 47,100
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.65% 35.88% 35.35%
Number of salaries quoted 24,438 17,859 36,255
10th Percentile £32,594 £32,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £56,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.19% +2.73% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £97,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +0.95%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Salary trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -75 766 £100,000 -2.44% 103
Midlands - 20 £67,500 -
West Midlands - 12 £67,500 -
South East - 8 £67,500 -
East Midlands - 8 £59,750 -
East of England - 6 £57,500 - 1
South West -67 1 £45,000 +5.88% 1
Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 539 (67.12%) Finance
2 459 (57.16%) Equities
3 422 (52.55%) Front Office
4 390 (48.57%) Fixed Income
5 372 (46.33%) Java
6 353 (43.96%) Agile Software Development
7 335 (41.72%) Derivative
8 327 (40.72%) Python
9 315 (39.23%) Software Engineering
10 310 (38.61%) JavaScript
11 292 (36.36%) AWS
12 284 (35.37%) Hedge funds
13 283 (35.24%) React
14 266 (33.13%) Asset Management
15 249 (31.01%) C#
16 239 (29.76%) SQL
17 212 (26.40%) Banking
18 199 (24.78%) Web Services
19 192 (23.91%) AngularJS
20 185 (23.04%) Full Stack Development
21 178 (22.17%) Investment Management
22 176 (21.92%) TypeScript
23 174 (21.67%) Analytics
24 160 (19.93%) Kotlin
25 156 (19.43%) Social Skills
26 154 (19.18%) Scala
27 149 (18.56%) .NET
27 149 (18.56%) Fintech
28 125 (15.57%) Investment Banking
29 124 (15.44%) SDLC

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (9.96%) Apache
2 29 (3.61%) Confluence
3 25 (3.11%) Apache Spark
4 2 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle Workflow
5 1 (0.12%) GemFire
5 1 (0.12%) Jetty
5 1 (0.12%) MQSeries
5 1 (0.12%) WebLogic
5 1 (0.12%) WebSphere
Applications
1 24 (2.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (1.87%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.25%) 3ds Max
4 2 (0.25%) Adobe After Effects
4 2 (0.25%) Houdini
4 2 (0.25%) Maya
4 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.25%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (2.37%) MetaTrader
2 5 (0.62%) FINCAD Analytics
2 5 (0.62%) SAP FI
2 5 (0.62%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.50%) Eikon
4 2 (0.25%) Loan IQ
4 2 (0.25%) Orchestrade
5 1 (0.12%) Actimize
5 1 (0.12%) Advent Geneva
5 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.12%) Findur
5 1 (0.12%) Kondor
5 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.12%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 1 (0.12%) SAP CO
5 1 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
5 1 (0.12%) SAP FSCM
Cloud Services
1 292 (36.36%) AWS
2 120 (14.94%) Azure
3 96 (11.96%) GCP
4 94 (11.71%) Serverless
5 93 (11.58%) Amazon S3
6 92 (11.46%) Amazon EC2
6 92 (11.46%) AWS Lambda
7 21 (2.62%) OpenShift
8 11 (1.37%) SaaS
9 6 (0.75%) Amazon EKS
9 6 (0.75%) Azure Service Bus
9 6 (0.75%) npm
9 6 (0.75%) Power Platform
9 6 (0.75%) Yarn
10 5 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (0.50%) GitHub
12 3 (0.37%) Firebase
13 1 (0.12%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 1 (0.12%) Power Automate
13 1 (0.12%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.61%) HTTP
2 6 (0.75%) FIX Connectivity
3 5 (0.62%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.50%) Multicast
5 3 (0.37%) Firewall
6 1 (0.12%) 5G
6 1 (0.12%) DSL
6 1 (0.12%) FTP
6 1 (0.12%) LAN
6 1 (0.12%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.12%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (9.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 79 (9.84%) Apache Ignite
2 32 (3.99%) NoSQL
3 30 (3.74%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (3.74%) SQL Server
4 28 (3.49%) Flink
5 17 (2.12%) Data Mart
5 17 (2.12%) KDB
6 12 (1.49%) Amazon Athena
7 7 (0.87%) Data Lake
7 7 (0.87%) Relational Database
8 6 (0.75%) Hazelcast
8 6 (0.75%) Power BI
8 6 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 5 (0.62%) Blockchain
9 5 (0.62%) Redis
10 4 (0.50%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.50%) Hadoop
10 4 (0.50%) Kdb+
10 4 (0.50%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 61 (7.60%) Git (software)
2 58 (7.22%) JIRA
3 30 (3.74%) TeamCity
4 24 (2.99%) Jenkins
5 18 (2.24%) Cucumber
6 14 (1.74%) Maven
7 12 (1.49%) JUnit
8 10 (1.25%) Jasmine
9 8 (1.00%) GitLab
9 8 (1.00%) Mockito
9 8 (1.00%) Subversion
10 7 (0.87%) Octopus Deploy
10 7 (0.87%) Postman
11 6 (0.75%) EasyMock
11 6 (0.75%) git-flow
11 6 (0.75%) IntelliJ
11 6 (0.75%) Selenium
12 5 (0.62%) Mocha
13 3 (0.37%) gulp
13 3 (0.37%) Storybook
General
1 539 (67.12%) Finance
2 422 (52.55%) Front Office
3 212 (26.40%) Banking
4 156 (19.43%) Social Skills
5 125 (15.57%) Investment Banking
6 67 (8.34%) Analytical Skills
7 30 (3.74%) Retail
8 22 (2.74%) Back Office
9 15 (1.87%) Financial Institution
9 15 (1.87%) Marketing
10 14 (1.74%) Games
11 11 (1.37%) Advertising
12 8 (1.00%) Organisational Skills
13 3 (0.37%) Billing
14 2 (0.25%) Documentation Skills
14 2 (0.25%) French Language
14 2 (0.25%) General Ledger
14 2 (0.25%) International Banking
14 2 (0.25%) Legal
14 2 (0.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 496 (61.77%) Developer
2 184 (22.91%) Software Engineer
3 139 (17.31%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 128 (15.94%) Java Developer
5 110 (13.70%) Python Developer
6 91 (11.33%) Analyst
7 85 (10.59%) Front Office Developer
8 82 (10.21%) JavaScript Developer
9 80 (9.96%) Python Engineer
10 79 (9.84%) Python Software Engineer
11 76 (9.46%) AWS Developer
12 68 (8.47%) React Developer
13 65 (8.09%) Lead Developer
14 63 (7.85%) Senior Developer
15 62 (7.72%) Business Analyst
16 56 (6.97%) .NET Developer
17 52 (6.48%) AWS Engineer
17 52 (6.48%) AWS Software Engineer
17 52 (6.48%) JavaScript Engineer
18 47 (5.85%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 283 (35.24%) React
2 199 (24.78%) Web Services
3 192 (23.91%) AngularJS
4 149 (18.56%) .NET
5 123 (15.32%) Vue.js
6 101 (12.58%) Node.js
7 80 (9.96%) .NET Core
8 72 (8.97%) REST
9 61 (7.60%) FIX Protocol
10 56 (6.97%) ASP.NET
11 53 (6.60%) GraphQL
12 49 (6.10%) ASP.NET Web API
13 47 (5.85%) ASP.NET Core
14 45 (5.60%) Kafka
15 39 (4.86%) HTML
16 38 (4.73%) Middleware
16 38 (4.73%) RESTful
17 23 (2.86%) Murex MxML
17 23 (2.86%) Spring
17 23 (2.86%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 459 (57.16%) Equities
2 390 (48.57%) Fixed Income
3 335 (41.72%) Derivative
4 284 (35.37%) Hedge funds
5 77 (9.59%) Greenfield Project
6 63 (7.85%) Credit Risk
7 40 (4.98%) Market Risk
8 38 (4.73%) Algorithms
9 35 (4.36%) Self-Motivation
10 34 (4.23%) Spread Betting
11 28 (3.49%) Contract for Difference
12 24 (2.99%) Data Structures
13 18 (2.24%) User Experience
14 16 (1.99%) Legacy Systems
15 14 (1.74%) Credit Derivative
15 14 (1.74%) Data Protection Act
16 12 (1.49%) Virtual Team
17 10 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
17 10 (1.25%) OTC Derivatives
18 9 (1.12%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 68 (8.47%) Linux
2 45 (5.60%) Unix
3 24 (2.99%) Windows
4 4 (0.50%) CentOS
5 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.12%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 353 (43.96%) Agile Software Development
2 315 (39.23%) Software Engineering
3 266 (33.13%) Asset Management
4 185 (23.04%) Full Stack Development
5 178 (22.17%) Investment Management
6 174 (21.67%) Analytics
7 149 (18.56%) Fintech
8 124 (15.44%) SDLC
9 106 (13.20%) Electronic Trading
10 101 (12.58%) Low Latency
11 87 (10.83%) Microservices
12 79 (9.84%) Migration
13 71 (8.84%) Risk Management
14 69 (8.59%) Integration Testing
15 65 (8.09%) Multithreading
15 65 (8.09%) Unit Testing
16 62 (7.72%) Computer Science
16 62 (7.72%) Machine Learning
17 54 (6.72%) Stakeholder Management
18 53 (6.60%) Risk Analytics
Programming Languages
1 372 (46.33%) Java
2 327 (40.72%) Python
3 310 (38.61%) JavaScript
4 249 (31.01%) C#
5 239 (29.76%) SQL
6 176 (21.92%) TypeScript
7 160 (19.93%) Kotlin
8 154 (19.18%) Scala
9 110 (13.70%) C++
10 85 (10.59%) Clojure
11 32 (3.99%) R
12 24 (2.99%) F#
13 22 (2.74%) VBA
14 21 (2.62%) Bash Shell
15 15 (1.87%) Go
15 15 (1.87%) Java 8
15 15 (1.87%) Shell Script
16 13 (1.62%) C
17 12 (1.49%) Erlang
18 10 (1.25%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 67 (8.34%) Degree
2 26 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (1.25%) PhD
4 7 (0.87%) Master's Degree
5 4 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.37%) PMI Certification
6 3 (0.37%) PMP
6 3 (0.37%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 2 (0.25%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.12%) CHECK Team Member
8 1 (0.12%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (6.48%) QA
2 17 (2.12%) MiFID
3 11 (1.37%) EMIR
4 6 (0.75%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.25%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.25%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.12%) FATCA
6 1 (0.12%) GDPR
6 1 (0.12%) IFRS
6 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 123 (15.32%) Docker
2 1 (0.12%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.12%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 93 (11.58%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.49%) Terraform
3 8 (1.00%) Ansible
4 4 (0.50%) Prometheus
5 2 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.25%) Oozie
6 1 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.12%) SCCM
Vendors
1 48 (5.98%) Microsoft
2 32 (3.99%) Murex
3 25 (3.11%) Samsung
4 21 (2.62%) Oracle
5 16 (1.99%) Bloomberg
6 9 (1.12%) SAP
6 9 (1.12%) Sun
7 8 (1.00%) Charles River
7 8 (1.00%) Tradeweb
8 7 (0.87%) Fidessa
9 6 (0.75%) Google
9 6 (0.75%) Portware
9 6 (0.75%) Red Hat
10 5 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.37%) Advent
11 3 (0.37%) ION Trading
11 3 (0.37%) Reuters
11 3 (0.37%) Sophis
11 3 (0.37%) Sybase
11 3 (0.37%) Xamarin