Period
to 2 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK > England
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 390 275 361
Rank change year-on-year -115 +86 +19
Permanent jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 918 605 1,087
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.81% 1.19% 0.88%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.99% 3.38% 2.46%
Number of salaries quoted 761 553 951
10th Percentile £66,250 £61,250 £56,250
25th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £66,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% +20.00%
75th Percentile £130,000 £128,750 £118,750
90th Percentile £145,000 £138,750 £133,750
UK median annual salary £103,500 £95,000 £90,000
% change year-on-year +8.95% +5.56% +24.14%

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 46,034 17,879 44,217
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.84% 35.19% 35.63%
Number of salaries quoted 28,535 14,992 34,495
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,750 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +1.85%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £97,500 £93,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Salary trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the England region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -93 891 £105,000 +10.53% 151
Midlands - 14 £67,500 - 1
West Midlands - 8 £67,500 - 1
East of England -97 7 £52,500 +101.92% 1
East Midlands - 6 £52,750 -
North West - 3 £92,500 - 1
North of England - 3 £92,500 - 1
South East -160 1 - - 2
Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 635 (69.17%) Finance
2 494 (53.81%) Equities
3 439 (47.82%) Front Office
4 417 (45.42%) Python
5 414 (45.10%) Fixed Income
6 403 (43.90%) Software Engineering
7 394 (42.92%) Java
8 369 (40.20%) Agile Software Development
9 349 (38.02%) AWS
10 345 (37.58%) JavaScript
11 338 (36.82%) React
12 324 (35.29%) Derivative
13 291 (31.70%) Asset Management
14 283 (30.83%) TypeScript
15 278 (30.28%) Hedge funds
16 267 (29.08%) SQL
17 256 (27.89%) Web Services
18 251 (27.34%) Full Stack Development
19 244 (26.58%) Banking
20 192 (20.92%) Investment Management
21 184 (20.04%) AngularJS
21 184 (20.04%) Analytics
22 174 (18.95%) C#
23 165 (17.97%) Azure
24 148 (16.12%) Social Skills
25 144 (15.69%) Docker
25 144 (15.69%) GCP
26 141 (15.36%) Kotlin
27 128 (13.94%) Greenfield Project
28 127 (13.83%) C++

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (10.02%) Apache
2 16 (1.74%) Confluence
3 15 (1.63%) Apache Spark
4 6 (0.65%) Jetty
5 5 (0.54%) WebSphere
6 4 (0.44%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
8 1 (0.11%) Appian
8 1 (0.11%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.11%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.11%) Tomcat
Applications
1 13 (1.42%) Spreadsheet
2 12 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (1.20%) MetaTrader
2 6 (0.65%) SAP FI
2 6 (0.65%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.22%) FINCAD Analytics
3 2 (0.22%) Loan IQ
3 2 (0.22%) Orchestrade
3 2 (0.22%) SAP CO
3 2 (0.22%) SAP FI/CO
3 2 (0.22%) SAP FSCM
4 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 349 (38.02%) AWS
2 165 (17.97%) Azure
3 144 (15.69%) GCP
4 112 (12.20%) Serverless
5 110 (11.98%) Amazon EC2
6 109 (11.87%) Amazon S3
7 108 (11.76%) AWS Lambda
8 19 (2.07%) GitHub
9 17 (1.85%) npm
9 17 (1.85%) Yarn
10 12 (1.31%) OpenShift
10 12 (1.31%) Power Platform
11 7 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.65%) SaaS
12 6 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 5 (0.54%) Microsoft 365
14 4 (0.44%) Azure Data Factory
14 4 (0.44%) DigitalOcean
14 4 (0.44%) Power Automate
14 4 (0.44%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.63%) FIX Connectivity
2 14 (1.53%) HTTP
3 11 (1.20%) TCP/IP
4 8 (0.87%) Multicast
5 4 (0.44%) Firewall
5 4 (0.44%) LAN
5 4 (0.44%) Telnet
5 4 (0.44%) Wireshark
6 1 (0.11%) Internet
6 1 (0.11%) Remote Desktop
6 1 (0.11%) VPN
6 1 (0.11%) WAN
6 1 (0.11%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (10.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 92 (10.02%) Apache Ignite
2 44 (4.79%) SQL Server
3 20 (2.18%) PostgreSQL
4 14 (1.53%) Relational Database
5 13 (1.42%) Data Mart
5 13 (1.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 12 (1.31%) Amazon Athena
6 12 (1.31%) Power BI
6 12 (1.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 11 (1.20%) Flink
7 11 (1.20%) KDB
8 10 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
8 10 (1.09%) MySQL
8 10 (1.09%) NoSQL
9 9 (0.98%) Data Lake
10 8 (0.87%) Redis
11 7 (0.76%) Blockchain
11 7 (0.76%) Oracle Database
11 7 (0.76%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 55 (5.99%) Git (software)
2 48 (5.23%) JIRA
3 38 (4.14%) Jenkins
4 34 (3.70%) Maven
5 30 (3.27%) TeamCity
6 24 (2.61%) IntelliJ
7 19 (2.07%) Cucumber
8 16 (1.74%) Bitbucket
8 16 (1.74%) JUnit
9 14 (1.53%) Octopus Deploy
10 11 (1.20%) webpack
11 9 (0.98%) Browser DevTools
11 9 (0.98%) Storybook
12 8 (0.87%) git-flow
12 8 (0.87%) Jasmine
13 7 (0.76%) Mockito
13 7 (0.76%) Team Foundation Server
13 7 (0.76%) Visual Studio
14 6 (0.65%) Ant
14 6 (0.65%) Gradle
General
1 635 (69.17%) Finance
2 439 (47.82%) Front Office
3 244 (26.58%) Banking
4 148 (16.12%) Social Skills
5 102 (11.11%) Investment Banking
6 59 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
7 27 (2.94%) Back Office
8 26 (2.83%) Advertising
9 23 (2.51%) Financial Institution
10 16 (1.74%) Marketing
10 16 (1.74%) Retail
11 14 (1.53%) Games
12 7 (0.76%) International Banking
13 5 (0.54%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 4 (0.44%) Corporate Banking
14 4 (0.44%) Organisational Skills
15 3 (0.33%) French Language
15 3 (0.33%) Influencing Skills
15 3 (0.33%) Law
15 3 (0.33%) Legal
Job Titles
1 558 (60.78%) Developer
2 249 (27.12%) Software Engineer
3 231 (25.16%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 147 (16.01%) Python Developer
5 131 (14.27%) Java Developer
6 113 (12.31%) Python Engineer
7 107 (11.66%) Python Software Engineer
8 103 (11.22%) React Developer
9 99 (10.78%) Senior Developer
10 93 (10.13%) AWS Developer
11 90 (9.80%) Analyst
12 86 (9.37%) Lead Developer
13 73 (7.95%) AWS Engineer
14 64 (6.97%) AWS Software Engineer
15 61 (6.64%) Lead Software Developer
15 61 (6.64%) Lead Software Engineer
16 57 (6.21%) Software Manager
16 57 (6.21%) UI Developer
17 55 (5.99%) Software Asset Manager
17 55 (5.99%) UI Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 338 (36.82%) React
2 256 (27.89%) Web Services
3 184 (20.04%) AngularJS
4 124 (13.51%) .NET
5 107 (11.66%) Vue.js
6 100 (10.89%) FIX Protocol
7 99 (10.78%) Node.js
8 56 (6.10%) .NET Core
9 54 (5.88%) HTML
9 54 (5.88%) REST
10 47 (5.12%) ASP.NET
11 38 (4.14%) ASP.NET Web API
12 33 (3.59%) Spring
13 32 (3.49%) CSS
13 32 (3.49%) HTML5
14 30 (3.27%) Kafka
15 29 (3.16%) RESTful
15 29 (3.16%) XML
16 28 (3.05%) Murex MxML
17 24 (2.61%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 494 (53.81%) Equities
2 414 (45.10%) Fixed Income
3 324 (35.29%) Derivative
4 278 (30.28%) Hedge funds
5 128 (13.94%) Greenfield Project
6 120 (13.07%) User Experience
7 64 (6.97%) Credit Derivative
8 43 (4.68%) Algorithms
9 37 (4.03%) Market Risk
10 36 (3.92%) Credit Risk
11 32 (3.49%) Virtual Team
12 26 (2.83%) Data Structures
13 21 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
13 21 (2.29%) Spread Betting
14 19 (2.07%) Data Protection Act
15 17 (1.85%) Data Centre
16 16 (1.74%) Exotic Derivative
17 15 (1.63%) Cloud Native
18 14 (1.53%) Contract for Difference
18 14 (1.53%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 85 (9.26%) Linux
2 45 (4.90%) Unix
3 21 (2.29%) Windows
4 7 (0.76%) Windows Server
5 4 (0.44%) CentOS
6 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 403 (43.90%) Software Engineering
2 369 (40.20%) Agile Software Development
3 291 (31.70%) Asset Management
4 251 (27.34%) Full Stack Development
5 192 (20.92%) Investment Management
6 184 (20.04%) Analytics
7 126 (13.73%) Front End Development
8 107 (11.66%) Fintech
9 103 (11.22%) SDLC
10 96 (10.46%) Electronic Trading
11 95 (10.35%) DevOps
12 94 (10.24%) Low Latency
13 87 (9.48%) Computer Science
14 85 (9.26%) Mathematics
15 80 (8.71%) Microservices
16 77 (8.39%) Portfolio Management
17 73 (7.95%) Risk Management
18 72 (7.84%) Cryptocurrency
19 59 (6.43%) Unit Testing
20 55 (5.99%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 417 (45.42%) Python
2 394 (42.92%) Java
3 345 (37.58%) JavaScript
4 283 (30.83%) TypeScript
5 267 (29.08%) SQL
6 174 (18.95%) C#
7 141 (15.36%) Kotlin
8 127 (13.83%) C++
8 127 (13.83%) Scala
9 98 (10.68%) Clojure
10 40 (4.36%) R
11 32 (3.49%) Shell Script
12 24 (2.61%) C
13 21 (2.29%) Go
14 17 (1.85%) Bash Shell
15 15 (1.63%) Rust
16 14 (1.53%) MATLAB
17 11 (1.20%) Groovy
18 10 (1.09%) Erlang
19 9 (0.98%) Perl
Qualifications
1 101 (11.00%) Degree
2 32 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 30 (3.27%) PhD
4 16 (1.74%) Master's Degree
5 6 (0.65%) CHECK Team Member
5 6 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
6 4 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
7 3 (0.33%) ACCA
7 3 (0.33%) CIMA
8 2 (0.22%) Security Cleared
9 1 (0.11%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.11%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.11%) RHCA
9 1 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (9.04%) QA
2 17 (1.85%) Dodd-Frank
2 17 (1.85%) EMIR
2 17 (1.85%) MiFID
3 4 (0.44%) Accessibility
4 2 (0.22%) PMO
4 2 (0.22%) SLA
5 1 (0.11%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.11%) FATCA
5 1 (0.11%) IFRS
5 1 (0.11%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.11%) PSD2
System Software
1 144 (15.69%) Docker
2 3 (0.33%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 113 (12.31%) Kubernetes
2 93 (10.13%) Terraform
3 13 (1.42%) Ansible
4 4 (0.44%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.11%) Check_MK
5 1 (0.11%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.11%) Oozie
5 1 (0.11%) Puppet
5 1 (0.11%) SCCM
Vendors
1 56 (6.10%) Microsoft
2 44 (4.79%) Murex
3 38 (4.14%) Bloomberg
4 31 (3.38%) Oracle
5 19 (2.07%) BISAM
6 17 (1.85%) Tradeweb
7 14 (1.53%) Charles River
8 12 (1.31%) Fidessa
9 11 (1.20%) Portware
9 11 (1.20%) Sun
10 9 (0.98%) Samsung
11 8 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
12 7 (0.76%) IBM
12 7 (0.76%) SAP
13 6 (0.65%) Google
13 6 (0.65%) ION Trading
13 6 (0.65%) MarketAxess
13 6 (0.65%) Red Hat
13 6 (0.65%) Splunk
13 6 (0.65%) Trayport