Period
to 16 April 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 337 325 361
Rank change year-on-year -12 +36 +64
Permanent jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 644 983 1,236
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.86% 0.95% 0.90%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.17% 2.45% 2.27%
Number of salaries quoted 553 831 985
10th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £45,000
25th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £90,000 £90,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year - +28.57% -3.45%
75th Percentile £122,500 £120,000 £95,000
90th Percentile £142,000 £142,500 £111,250
UK median annual salary £90,000 £90,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year - +28.57% -3.45%

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,650 40,168 54,497
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.68% 38.91% 39.56%
Number of salaries quoted 21,468 31,458 41,912
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
25th Percentile £42,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,744
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England.

Salary trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in England over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in England

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the England region over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 632 £90,000 -1.37% 68
South East +71 7 £67,500 +8.00%
Midlands +50 3 £57,000 -18.57%
East Midlands +21 3 £57,000 -18.57%
East of England +63 1 £70,000 +7.69% 1
South West +7 1 £45,000 -30.77% 2
Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 415 (64.44%) Finance
2 346 (53.73%) Front Office
3 319 (49.53%) Equities
4 300 (46.58%) Java
5 287 (44.57%) Fixed Income
6 259 (40.22%) Agile Software Development
7 254 (39.44%) Derivative
8 227 (35.25%) JavaScript
9 222 (34.47%) C#
10 205 (31.83%) React
11 203 (31.52%) Software Engineering
11 203 (31.52%) Hedge funds
12 199 (30.90%) Python
13 193 (29.97%) AWS
14 185 (28.73%) Banking
15 182 (28.26%) Fintech
16 173 (26.86%) Asset Management
17 167 (25.93%) AngularJS
18 161 (25.00%) .NET
19 134 (20.81%) Web Services
20 131 (20.34%) Investment Management
21 126 (19.57%) SQL
22 121 (18.79%) Low Latency
23 116 (18.01%) .NET Core
24 115 (17.86%) TypeScript
25 112 (17.39%) Electronic Trading
25 112 (17.39%) Investment Banking
26 111 (17.24%) Microservices
26 111 (17.24%) Vue.js
27 101 (15.68%) Analytics

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (5.90%) Apache
2 11 (1.71%) Apache Spark
3 10 (1.55%) Confluence
4 5 (0.78%) SharePoint
5 4 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (0.47%) WebSphere
7 2 (0.31%) IIS
7 2 (0.31%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.16%) Apache Airflow
8 1 (0.16%) GemFire
Applications
1 15 (2.33%) Spreadsheet
2 9 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.62%) Figma
4 3 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.31%) 3ds Max
5 2 (0.31%) Adobe After Effects
5 2 (0.31%) Houdini
5 2 (0.31%) Maya
5 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.31%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (1.40%) FINCAD Analytics
2 3 (0.47%) Eikon
3 2 (0.31%) MetaTrader
4 1 (0.16%) Actimize
4 1 (0.16%) Advent Geneva
4 1 (0.16%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.16%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.16%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 193 (29.97%) AWS
2 75 (11.65%) Azure
3 42 (6.52%) Serverless
4 41 (6.37%) AWS Lambda
5 40 (6.21%) GCP
6 37 (5.75%) Amazon S3
7 36 (5.59%) Amazon EC2
8 8 (1.24%) SaaS
9 7 (1.09%) Power Platform
10 6 (0.93%) Amazon EKS
11 5 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
12 4 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (0.62%) npm
13 3 (0.47%) OpenShift
13 3 (0.47%) Trello
14 2 (0.31%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 2 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
14 2 (0.31%) Microsoft 365
14 2 (0.31%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.24%) HTTP
2 1 (0.16%) 3G
2 1 (0.16%) 5G
2 1 (0.16%) Bluetooth
2 1 (0.16%) FTP
2 1 (0.16%) GPRS
2 1 (0.16%) GSM
2 1 (0.16%) PuTTY
2 1 (0.16%) UMTS
2 1 (0.16%) VSAT
2 1 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
2 1 (0.16%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (6.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 33 (5.12%) Apache Ignite
3 24 (3.73%) NoSQL
4 23 (3.57%) KDB
5 17 (2.64%) SQL Server
6 15 (2.33%) Data Mart
7 11 (1.71%) Flink
7 11 (1.71%) PostgreSQL
8 10 (1.55%) Hazelcast
9 9 (1.40%) Big Data
10 5 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (0.78%) Kdb+
10 5 (0.78%) Power BI
10 5 (0.78%) Redis
11 4 (0.62%) BusinessObjects
11 4 (0.62%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 3 (0.47%) Data Mining
12 3 (0.47%) MySQL
12 3 (0.47%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 31 (4.81%) Git (software)
1 31 (4.81%) JIRA
2 17 (2.64%) Jenkins
3 15 (2.33%) GitLab
3 15 (2.33%) Maven
3 15 (2.33%) TeamCity
4 12 (1.86%) Mocha
5 9 (1.40%) Cucumber
5 9 (1.40%) JUnit
6 6 (0.93%) EasyMock
6 6 (0.93%) Mockito
6 6 (0.93%) Selenium
6 6 (0.93%) webpack
7 3 (0.47%) Ant
7 3 (0.47%) Cypress.io
7 3 (0.47%) Octopus Deploy
7 3 (0.47%) Storybook
8 2 (0.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.31%) FumeFX
8 2 (0.31%) Robot Framework
General
1 415 (64.44%) Finance
2 346 (53.73%) Front Office
3 185 (28.73%) Banking
4 112 (17.39%) Investment Banking
5 15 (2.33%) Back Office
6 13 (2.02%) Advertising
7 10 (1.55%) Retail
8 9 (1.40%) Financial Institution
9 7 (1.09%) Games
10 4 (0.62%) French Language
10 4 (0.62%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.47%) Marketing
12 1 (0.16%) Billing
12 1 (0.16%) Japanese Language
12 1 (0.16%) Legal
12 1 (0.16%) Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 436 (67.70%) Developer
2 141 (21.89%) Software Engineer
3 133 (20.65%) Java Developer
4 107 (16.61%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 96 (14.91%) .NET Developer
6 77 (11.96%) .NET Software Developer
7 74 (11.49%) .NET Software Engineer
8 71 (11.02%) AWS Developer
8 71 (11.02%) AWS Engineer
8 71 (11.02%) AWS Software Engineer
9 57 (8.85%) Analyst
9 57 (8.85%) Electronic Trading Developer
10 53 (8.23%) Front Office Developer
10 53 (8.23%) Python Developer
10 53 (8.23%) React Developer
11 51 (7.92%) Senior Developer
12 44 (6.83%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 43 (6.68%) JavaScript Developer
13 43 (6.68%) Python Engineer
14 41 (6.37%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (31.83%) React
2 167 (25.93%) AngularJS
3 161 (25.00%) .NET
4 134 (20.81%) Web Services
5 116 (18.01%) .NET Core
6 111 (17.24%) Vue.js
7 89 (13.82%) ASP.NET
8 78 (12.11%) ASP.NET Core
9 77 (11.96%) ASP.NET Web API
10 55 (8.54%) Node.js
11 37 (5.75%) HTML
12 30 (4.66%) GraphQL
13 28 (4.35%) REST
14 27 (4.19%) Kafka
15 24 (3.73%) FIX Protocol
16 21 (3.26%) Middleware
17 20 (3.11%) CSS
17 20 (3.11%) Spring
18 18 (2.80%) Redux
19 17 (2.64%) Murex MxML
Miscellaneous
1 319 (49.53%) Equities
2 287 (44.57%) Fixed Income
3 254 (39.44%) Derivative
4 203 (31.52%) Hedge funds
5 89 (13.82%) Greenfield Project
6 34 (5.28%) Credit Risk
6 34 (5.28%) Market Risk
7 28 (4.35%) Algorithms
7 28 (4.35%) Data Structures
8 25 (3.88%) Analytical Skills
9 20 (3.11%) User Experience
10 15 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (1.71%) OTC Derivatives
13 9 (1.40%) Exotic Derivative
14 6 (0.93%) Contract for Difference
14 6 (0.93%) Equity Derivative
14 6 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
15 5 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
15 5 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 59 (9.16%) Linux
2 36 (5.59%) Unix
3 18 (2.80%) Windows
4 4 (0.62%) Android
4 4 (0.62%) Apple iOS
4 4 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.31%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 259 (40.22%) Agile Software Development
2 203 (31.52%) Software Engineering
3 182 (28.26%) Fintech
4 173 (26.86%) Asset Management
5 131 (20.34%) Investment Management
6 121 (18.79%) Low Latency
7 112 (17.39%) Electronic Trading
8 111 (17.24%) Microservices
9 101 (15.68%) Analytics
10 97 (15.06%) Multithreading
11 81 (12.58%) Migration
12 68 (10.56%) Computer Science
13 55 (8.54%) SDLC
14 54 (8.39%) Risk Management
15 47 (7.30%) Algorithmic Trading
15 47 (7.30%) Machine Learning
16 46 (7.14%) Mathematics
16 46 (7.14%) Stakeholder Management
17 43 (6.68%) Problem-Solving
18 38 (5.90%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 300 (46.58%) Java
2 227 (35.25%) JavaScript
3 222 (34.47%) C#
4 199 (30.90%) Python
5 126 (19.57%) SQL
6 115 (17.86%) TypeScript
7 89 (13.82%) C++
8 79 (12.27%) Kotlin
9 70 (10.87%) Scala
10 34 (5.28%) Java 8
11 33 (5.12%) Clojure
12 19 (2.95%) Bash Shell
13 11 (1.71%) ES6
13 11 (1.71%) F#
14 10 (1.55%) Erlang
15 9 (1.40%) Perl
15 9 (1.40%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.24%) PL/SQL
17 7 (1.09%) PowerShell
18 5 (0.78%) C
Qualifications
1 58 (9.01%) Degree
2 20 (3.11%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (1.86%) Master's Degree
4 10 (1.55%) PhD
5 4 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.47%) PMI Certification
6 3 (0.47%) PMP
6 3 (0.47%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 2 (0.31%) ISEB
7 2 (0.31%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.16%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.88%) QA
2 18 (2.80%) MiFID
3 13 (2.02%) EMIR
4 9 (1.40%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.31%) PMO
5 2 (0.31%) PSD2
6 1 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.16%) IFRS
System Software
1 62 (9.63%) Docker
2 3 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 51 (7.92%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.71%) Terraform
3 7 (1.09%) Ansible
3 7 (1.09%) Grafana
4 4 (0.62%) Kibana
5 2 (0.31%) Graphite
6 1 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.16%) Oozie
6 1 (0.16%) SCCM
Vendors
1 33 (5.12%) Murex
2 19 (2.95%) Microsoft
3 16 (2.48%) Oracle
4 11 (1.71%) Sophis
5 10 (1.55%) TIBCO
6 8 (1.24%) Samsung
7 6 (0.93%) Splunk
8 5 (0.78%) Bloomberg
8 5 (0.78%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.62%) IBM
10 3 (0.47%) Cloudera
10 3 (0.47%) Reuters
10 3 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.47%) SAP
10 3 (0.47%) Solace
10 3 (0.47%) Sun
10 3 (0.47%) Sybase
10 3 (0.47%) VMware
10 3 (0.47%) Xamarin
11 2 (0.31%) ServiceNow