Period
to 2 August 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 2 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK > England
6 months to
2 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 172 494 755
Rank change year-on-year +322 +261 -42
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 900 38 74
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.57% 0.12% 0.088%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.09% 0.38% 0.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 839 33 49
10th Percentile £356 £270 £154
25th Percentile £425 £350 £225
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £530 £425
Median % change year-on-year -0.94% +24.71% -1.73%
75th Percentile £606 £875 £488
90th Percentile £700 £900 £552
UK median daily rate £500 £515 £425
% change year-on-year -2.91% +21.18% -1.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 3 8
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.34 £12.85
25th Percentile £22.75 £16.46 £13.75
Median hourly rate £60.00 £20.00 £29.96
Median % change year-on-year +200.00% -33.24% +55.64%
75th Percentile £65.00 £27.50 £72.50
90th Percentile £65.25 £32.00 £74.32
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £20.00 £29.96
% change year-on-year +200.00% -33.24% +55.64%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,665 10,008 24,660
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.76% 31.00% 29.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,073 6,779 16,377
10th Percentile £303 £263 £288
25th Percentile £406 £390 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £625 £613 £588
90th Percentile £717 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 623 343 823
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.42 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.28 £16.88 £14.04
Median hourly rate £24.08 £26.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -9.13% +29.27% -8.89%
75th Percentile £47.58 £47.00 £46.92
90th Percentile £62.00 £55.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.06 £20.00
% change year-on-year -4.23% +25.30% -9.89%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the England region over the 6 months to 2 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +165 406 £550 +41.94% 19
North of England +113 205 £475 -47.22% 16
North West +70 126 £488 -45.83% 9
South East +60 111 £460 -14.97% 11
Midlands +44 96 £475 - 3
West Midlands +40 86 £475 - 3
Yorkshire - 72 £475 - 6
South West -7 18 £500 -41.18% 6
East Midlands -11 10 £463 +60.87%
North East - 7 £525 - 1
Data Protection Act
UK

For the 6 months to 2 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 900 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 239 (26.56%) Agile Software Development
3 176 (19.56%) DevOps
4 171 (19.00%) Java
5 164 (18.22%) Python
6 162 (18.00%) Finance
7 138 (15.33%) Azure
8 127 (14.11%) Social Skills
9 119 (13.22%) AWS
10 118 (13.11%) Docker
11 109 (12.11%) SQL
12 108 (12.00%) Kubernetes
13 103 (11.44%) Terraform
14 93 (10.33%) JavaScript
15 91 (10.11%) Banking
16 81 (9.00%) GitHub
17 79 (8.78%) Linux
18 76 (8.44%) Windows
19 74 (8.22%) Ansible
20 72 (8.00%) IaaS
21 70 (7.78%) TDD
22 67 (7.44%) React
22 67 (7.44%) Infrastructure as Code
23 66 (7.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 65 (7.22%) PaaS
25 63 (7.00%) Microservices
26 60 (6.67%) Stakeholder Management
27 59 (6.56%) Migration
27 59 (6.56%) Value Proposition
28 58 (6.44%) Serverless

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (2.11%) Tomcat
2 17 (1.89%) SharePoint
3 16 (1.78%) Confluence
4 11 (1.22%) WordPress
5 9 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (0.89%) WebLogic
6 8 (0.89%) WebSphere
7 7 (0.78%) Apache Spark
7 7 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
8 6 (0.67%) Apache
8 6 (0.67%) IIS
8 6 (0.67%) MS Exchange
8 6 (0.67%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.44%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.33%) CICS
10 3 (0.33%) CMS
10 3 (0.33%) Liferay
10 3 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
10 3 (0.33%) SAS
Applications
1 16 (1.78%) InVision
2 12 (1.33%) Figma
3 10 (1.11%) Sketch
4 9 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.33%) Adobe Premiere
6 3 (0.33%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.33%) Siemens NX
7 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.67%) SAP CO
1 6 (0.67%) SAP FI
1 6 (0.67%) SAP FI/CO
1 6 (0.67%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle CRM
2 3 (0.33%) Teamcenter
3 2 (0.22%) Magento
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.22%) SAP EWM
3 2 (0.22%) SAP Travel Management
Cloud Services
1 138 (15.33%) Azure
2 119 (13.22%) AWS
3 81 (9.00%) GitHub
4 72 (8.00%) IaaS
5 65 (7.22%) PaaS
6 58 (6.44%) GCP
6 58 (6.44%) Serverless
7 31 (3.44%) AWS Lambda
8 28 (3.11%) GitHub Actions
9 20 (2.22%) Azure Functions
10 16 (1.78%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 16 (1.78%) Power Platform
11 14 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (1.56%) Microsoft 365
11 14 (1.56%) SaaS
12 12 (1.33%) Amazon S3
12 12 (1.33%) AWS IoT
12 12 (1.33%) Azure Data Factory
12 12 (1.33%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 11 (1.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 39 (4.33%) Firewall
2 10 (1.11%) Network Security
3 7 (0.78%) Internet
3 7 (0.78%) NAS
3 7 (0.78%) SAN
3 7 (0.78%) VPN
3 7 (0.78%) VSAN
4 6 (0.67%) Skype
4 6 (0.67%) Unified Communications
5 5 (0.56%) HTTP
5 5 (0.56%) MVNO
5 5 (0.56%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.56%) VoIP
6 4 (0.44%) WAN
7 3 (0.33%) 5G
7 3 (0.33%) Cisco ASA
7 3 (0.33%) Cisco Nexus
7 3 (0.33%) PuTTY
7 3 (0.33%) SMS
8 2 (0.22%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (4.78%) SQL Server
2 30 (3.33%) Big Data
3 29 (3.22%) Data Lake
4 20 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (1.89%) NoSQL
6 16 (1.78%) Relational Database
7 14 (1.56%) Power BI
8 13 (1.44%) Hadoop
9 12 (1.33%) Delta Lake
10 11 (1.22%) Data Warehouse
11 10 (1.11%) Oracle Database
12 9 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
13 8 (0.89%) Apache Hive
14 7 (0.78%) MySQL
15 6 (0.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 6 (0.67%) BigQuery
16 5 (0.56%) Tableau
17 4 (0.44%) Ataccama
17 4 (0.44%) Metadata
17 4 (0.44%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 48 (5.33%) Git (software)
2 41 (4.56%) Jenkins
2 41 (4.56%) JIRA
3 18 (2.00%) Maven
4 16 (1.78%) GitLab
5 12 (1.33%) Eclipse
5 12 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
6 10 (1.11%) Subversion
6 10 (1.11%) TeamCity
7 8 (0.89%) IntelliJ
8 7 (0.78%) Bitbucket
9 6 (0.67%) Cucumber
9 6 (0.67%) Postman
9 6 (0.67%) Xcode
10 5 (0.56%) JUnit
10 5 (0.56%) Mocha
10 5 (0.56%) Octopus Deploy
10 5 (0.56%) SpecFlow
10 5 (0.56%) Visual Studio
11 4 (0.44%) CircleCI
General
1 162 (18.00%) Finance
2 127 (14.11%) Social Skills
3 91 (10.11%) Banking
4 29 (3.22%) Telecoms
5 28 (3.11%) Analytical Skills
6 20 (2.22%) Legal
7 19 (2.11%) Public Sector
8 15 (1.67%) Presentation Skills
9 14 (1.56%) Front Office
9 14 (1.56%) Marketing
10 12 (1.33%) Investment Banking
10 12 (1.33%) Retail Banking
11 10 (1.11%) Pharmaceutical
12 8 (0.89%) Local Government
13 7 (0.78%) Back Office
13 7 (0.78%) Games
13 7 (0.78%) Retail
14 5 (0.56%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.44%) Electronics
15 4 (0.44%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 227 (25.22%) Developer
2 61 (6.78%) DevOps Engineer
3 60 (6.67%) Architect
4 57 (6.33%) Analyst
5 50 (5.56%) Project Manager
6 48 (5.33%) Java Developer
7 46 (5.11%) Azure Engineer
8 36 (4.00%) Data Engineer
9 35 (3.89%) Consultant
10 34 (3.78%) Business Analyst
11 33 (3.67%) Designer
12 32 (3.56%) AWS Engineer
13 25 (2.78%) C# Developer
13 25 (2.78%) Python Developer
14 23 (2.56%) Full Stack Developer
14 23 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
15 17 (1.89%) Software Engineer
16 14 (1.56%) .NET Developer
17 13 (1.44%) Administrator
17 13 (1.44%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (7.44%) React
2 57 (6.33%) .NET
3 43 (4.78%) CSS
4 39 (4.33%) Spring
5 38 (4.22%) HTML
6 37 (4.11%) Node.js
7 36 (4.00%) Spring Boot
8 34 (3.78%) REST
9 28 (3.11%) Web Services
10 21 (2.33%) .NET Core
11 19 (2.11%) .NET Framework
11 19 (2.11%) GraphQL
12 17 (1.89%) Middleware
13 15 (1.67%) ASP.NET
13 15 (1.67%) JSON
14 14 (1.56%) RESTful
15 13 (1.44%) AngularJS
16 11 (1.22%) GatsbyJS
16 11 (1.22%) SOAP
17 10 (1.11%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 44 (4.89%) User Experience
2 36 (4.00%) Cloud Native
3 33 (3.67%) Data Centre
4 30 (3.33%) Management Information System
5 19 (2.11%) Mobile App
6 18 (2.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 15 (1.67%) Fixed Income
8 12 (1.33%) Derivative
9 11 (1.22%) Blog
9 11 (1.22%) Credit Risk
10 9 (1.00%) Algorithms
10 9 (1.00%) Cyberattack
11 8 (0.89%) Freedom of Information
11 8 (0.89%) Freedom of Information Act
11 8 (0.89%) Self-Motivation
12 7 (0.78%) Equities
12 7 (0.78%) Legacy Applications
12 7 (0.78%) Virtual Team
13 6 (0.67%) Greenfield Project
13 6 (0.67%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 79 (8.78%) Linux
2 76 (8.44%) Windows
3 39 (4.33%) Windows Server
4 33 (3.67%) Unix
5 18 (2.00%) Android
6 16 (1.78%) Apple iOS
7 11 (1.22%) Windows Server 2016
8 10 (1.11%) Windows 10
9 9 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (1.00%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.44%) Windows 7
10 4 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (0.22%) Solaris
11 2 (0.22%) zOS
12 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 900 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 239 (26.56%) Agile Software Development
3 176 (19.56%) DevOps
4 70 (7.78%) TDD
5 67 (7.44%) Infrastructure as Code
6 66 (7.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 63 (7.00%) Microservices
8 60 (6.67%) Stakeholder Management
9 59 (6.56%) Migration
9 59 (6.56%) Value Proposition
10 52 (5.78%) Cybersecurity
11 51 (5.67%) Vulnerability Scanning
12 49 (5.44%) Test Automation
13 48 (5.33%) Project Management
14 46 (5.11%) Analytics
15 43 (4.78%) Continuous Integration
16 42 (4.67%) Information Security
17 41 (4.56%) Problem-Solving
17 41 (4.56%) Scrum
18 39 (4.33%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 171 (19.00%) Java
2 164 (18.22%) Python
3 109 (12.11%) SQL
4 93 (10.33%) JavaScript
5 57 (6.33%) C#
6 44 (4.89%) Scala
7 38 (4.22%) PowerShell
8 31 (3.44%) Bash Shell
9 26 (2.89%) TypeScript
10 21 (2.33%) C++
10 21 (2.33%) Kotlin
11 15 (1.67%) Shell Script
12 14 (1.56%) Java 8
13 12 (1.33%) PL/SQL
14 11 (1.22%) ES6
14 11 (1.22%) Go
14 11 (1.22%) Objective-C
15 10 (1.11%) Apple Swift
16 9 (1.00%) Ruby
17 8 (0.89%) Perl
Qualifications
1 32 (3.56%) Degree
2 29 (3.22%) Security Cleared
3 28 (3.11%) SC Cleared
4 14 (1.56%) CISSP
5 11 (1.22%) Cisco Certification
6 8 (0.89%) CCNA
6 8 (0.89%) CISM
7 6 (0.67%) CISA
7 6 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.56%) CCNP
8 5 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
9 4 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.22%) CESG Certified Professional
10 2 (0.22%) IISP
10 2 (0.22%) ISACA
10 2 (0.22%) ISEB
10 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.11%) CCA
11 1 (0.11%) Citrix Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (5.11%) GDPR
2 29 (3.22%) QA
3 12 (1.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (1.00%) NIST
5 7 (0.78%) PMO
6 6 (0.67%) MiFID
7 5 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials
7 5 (0.56%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.56%) GxP
7 5 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 5 (0.56%) SLA
8 4 (0.44%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.44%) RMADS
9 3 (0.33%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.33%) COBIT
9 3 (0.33%) GRC
9 3 (0.33%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 3 (0.33%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.33%) JSP 440
9 3 (0.33%) NIST 800
System Software
1 118 (13.11%) Docker
2 47 (5.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (4.22%) Active Directory
4 10 (1.11%) vSphere
5 7 (0.78%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.78%) vCloud
5 7 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.78%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.44%) XenApp
6 4 (0.44%) XenDesktop
7 3 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.22%) VMware Server
9 1 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 108 (12.00%) Kubernetes
2 103 (11.44%) Terraform
3 74 (8.22%) Ansible
4 33 (3.67%) Puppet
5 10 (1.11%) SCCM
6 7 (0.78%) vCenter Server
7 6 (0.67%) vRealize
8 5 (0.56%) Rancher
9 4 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (0.44%) Kibana
9 4 (0.44%) logstash
9 4 (0.44%) Oozie
9 4 (0.44%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.33%) Cisco UCCX
10 3 (0.33%) Microsoft Intune
10 3 (0.33%) Opsgenie
11 2 (0.22%) Data Guard
11 2 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.22%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 58 (6.44%) Microsoft
2 50 (5.56%) Google
3 47 (5.22%) VMware
4 43 (4.78%) Oracle
5 26 (2.89%) Citrix
6 14 (1.56%) Databricks
6 14 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.44%) CheckPoint
8 12 (1.33%) Alibaba
8 12 (1.33%) Cisco
9 11 (1.22%) HP
9 11 (1.22%) MuleSoft
10 10 (1.11%) SAP
11 9 (1.00%) F5
11 9 (1.00%) Red Hat
12 7 (0.78%) Dell
12 7 (0.78%) Ericsson
12 7 (0.78%) Informatica
12 7 (0.78%) ServiceNow
12 7 (0.78%) Splunk