Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 166 554 568
Rank change year-on-year +388 +14 +169
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 1,172 61 51
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.65% 0.13% 0.12%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.10% 0.43% 0.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 939 39 45
10th Percentile £322 £196 £289
25th Percentile £438 £249 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £375 £475
Median % change year-on-year +43.33% -21.05% +11.76%
75th Percentile £638 £438 £690
90th Percentile £725 £510 £900
UK median daily rate £525 £375 £475
% change year-on-year +40.00% -21.05% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 13 1
10th Percentile £19.34 £13.00 -
25th Percentile £20.00 £14.00 -
Median hourly rate £24.24 £22.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year +10.18% -37.14% +18.64%
75th Percentile £67.80 £26.82 -
90th Percentile £77.32 £64.30 -
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £22.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +2.27% -37.14% +18.64%

Data Protection Act is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 22,981 14,327 13,118
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.38% 31.11% 30.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,444 9,590 8,679
10th Percentile £306 £288 £258
25th Percentile £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £675 £613 £600
90th Percentile £775 £700 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 654 560 535
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.45 £12.61
25th Percentile £17.50 £16.50 £15.93
Median hourly rate £26.98 £26.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +3.77% +15.56% +7.14%
75th Percentile £49.57 £47.94 £44.75
90th Percentile £67.36 £60.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £27.00 £26.00 £22.91
% change year-on-year +3.85% +13.49% +10.41%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +223 498 £600 +60.00% 6
North of England +118 273 £525 +157.35% 7
North West +91 190 £500 +145.10% 2
South East +102 164 £525 +50.00% 3
Midlands +65 120 £475 - 1
West Midlands +39 96 £488 - 1
Yorkshire +29 68 £538 - 4
South West +5 39 £494 -5.95% 5
East Midlands - 24 £363 -
East of England -14 19 £523 +30.63%
North East - 15 £500 - 1
Data Protection Act
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 1,172 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 261 (22.27%) Finance
3 254 (21.67%) Azure
4 251 (21.42%) Agile
5 245 (20.90%) DevOps
6 190 (16.21%) AWS
7 183 (15.61%) Terraform
8 161 (13.74%) Python
9 155 (13.23%) CI/CD
10 152 (12.97%) Social Skills
11 149 (12.71%) Kubernetes
12 129 (11.01%) Java
13 119 (10.15%) Stakeholder Management
14 116 (9.90%) Linux
15 113 (9.64%) Ansible
16 109 (9.30%) Windows
17 108 (9.22%) Microsoft
18 107 (9.13%) Banking
19 105 (8.96%) Migration
20 103 (8.79%) SQL
21 90 (7.68%) Jenkins
22 88 (7.51%) Docker
23 84 (7.17%) Project Management
23 84 (7.17%) Security Cleared
24 80 (6.83%) SC Cleared
25 77 (6.57%) Value Proposition
26 76 (6.48%) GitHub
27 73 (6.23%) GCP
28 71 (6.06%) Telecoms
29 66 (5.63%) JIRA

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (2.22%) Confluence
2 13 (1.11%) SharePoint
3 11 (0.94%) WebSphere
4 8 (0.68%) SAS
5 6 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 6 (0.51%) CMS
5 6 (0.51%) MS Exchange
6 4 (0.34%) Apache Spark
6 4 (0.34%) IIS
6 4 (0.34%) JBoss
6 4 (0.34%) Liferay
6 4 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
7 3 (0.26%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.26%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.17%) Apache
8 2 (0.17%) CICS
8 2 (0.17%) Exchange Server 2010
8 2 (0.17%) Mule
8 2 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
8 2 (0.17%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 21 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 9 (0.77%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.51%) InVision
4 6 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.26%) Sketch
5 3 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.26%) SPSS
6 1 (0.085%) Adobe Captivate
6 1 (0.085%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 12 (1.02%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.085%) Endur
4 1 (0.085%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.085%) Misys Midas
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.085%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.085%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.085%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.085%) Siebel CRM
4 1 (0.085%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.085%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 254 (21.67%) Azure
2 190 (16.21%) AWS
3 76 (6.48%) GitHub
4 73 (6.23%) GCP
5 61 (5.20%) Serverless
6 59 (5.03%) PaaS
7 58 (4.95%) Microsoft 365
8 37 (3.16%) SaaS
9 36 (3.07%) IaaS
10 33 (2.82%) AWS Lambda
10 33 (2.82%) OpenShift
11 29 (2.47%) Azure Data Factory
12 28 (2.39%) Azure Active Directory
13 23 (1.96%) Amazon EKS
14 16 (1.37%) Azure Functions
15 15 (1.28%) GitHub Actions
16 14 (1.19%) Power Platform
17 13 (1.11%) Amazon S3
18 12 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
18 12 (1.02%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 58 (4.95%) Firewall
2 20 (1.71%) WAN
3 17 (1.45%) LAN
4 16 (1.37%) Network Security
5 11 (0.94%) SSL
6 10 (0.85%) HTTP
7 9 (0.77%) Internet
8 8 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
9 7 (0.60%) SD-WAN
9 7 (0.60%) TCP/IP
9 7 (0.60%) VPN
10 5 (0.43%) DNS
10 5 (0.43%) VoIP
10 5 (0.43%) VSAN
11 4 (0.34%) BGP
11 4 (0.34%) Cisco IPT
11 4 (0.34%) DHCP
11 4 (0.34%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.34%) Nokia DX220
11 4 (0.34%) Structured Cabling
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (3.16%) SQL Server
2 35 (2.99%) Data Lake
3 23 (1.96%) Data Warehouse
4 21 (1.79%) MongoDB
5 12 (1.02%) Amazon RDS
6 11 (0.94%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (0.85%) Oracle Database
7 10 (0.85%) Power BI
8 9 (0.77%) Hadoop
9 7 (0.60%) Big Data
9 7 (0.60%) NoSQL
9 7 (0.60%) Relational Database
9 7 (0.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 6 (0.51%) BigQuery
10 6 (0.51%) Redis
10 6 (0.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 5 (0.43%) Data Mining
11 5 (0.43%) DB2
11 5 (0.43%) MySQL
11 5 (0.43%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 90 (7.68%) Jenkins
2 66 (5.63%) JIRA
3 64 (5.46%) Git (software)
4 23 (1.96%) GitLab
5 14 (1.19%) Bitbucket
5 14 (1.19%) Spinnaker
6 12 (1.02%) Sonatype Nexus
7 11 (0.94%) Artifactory
7 11 (0.94%) Cucumber
7 11 (0.94%) Maven
7 11 (0.94%) Selenium
8 8 (0.68%) Postman
8 8 (0.68%) TeamCity
8 8 (0.68%) Visual Studio
9 7 (0.60%) JUnit
10 6 (0.51%) Subversion
10 6 (0.51%) Zephyr
11 5 (0.43%) Android Studio
11 5 (0.43%) SpecFlow
11 5 (0.43%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 261 (22.27%) Finance
2 152 (12.97%) Social Skills
3 107 (9.13%) Banking
4 71 (6.06%) Telecoms
5 36 (3.07%) Analytical Skills
6 32 (2.73%) Legal
7 24 (2.05%) Public Sector
8 22 (1.88%) Marketing
9 20 (1.71%) Front Office
10 16 (1.37%) Law
10 16 (1.37%) Presentation Skills
11 11 (0.94%) Investment Banking
12 10 (0.85%) Games
12 10 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (0.77%) Aerospace
14 7 (0.60%) Automotive
15 6 (0.51%) Back Office
15 6 (0.51%) Digital Economy
15 6 (0.51%) Influencing Skills
15 6 (0.51%) Retail
Job Titles
1 198 (16.89%) Developer
2 145 (12.37%) Architect
3 110 (9.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 97 (8.28%) Analyst
5 88 (7.51%) Project Manager
6 82 (7.00%) Azure Engineer
7 51 (4.35%) Data Engineer
8 50 (4.27%) Business Analyst
9 37 (3.16%) Azure Architect
10 36 (3.07%) Solutions Architect
11 34 (2.90%) Java Developer
12 28 (2.39%) IT Manager
13 27 (2.30%) Infrastructure Architect
13 27 (2.30%) Python Developer
14 26 (2.22%) Security Engineer
15 25 (2.13%) Consultant
15 25 (2.13%) Support Engineer
16 23 (1.96%) IT Project Manager
17 22 (1.88%) Cloud Engineer
18 20 (1.71%) iOS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (4.35%) .NET
2 38 (3.24%) JSON
3 36 (3.07%) React
4 33 (2.82%) Kafka
5 30 (2.56%) AngularJS
5 30 (2.56%) REST
6 28 (2.39%) Web Services
7 26 (2.22%) HTML
8 25 (2.13%) Spring
9 24 (2.05%) RESTful
9 24 (2.05%) Spring Boot
10 23 (1.96%) CSS
10 23 (1.96%) XML
11 22 (1.88%) iOS SDK
12 15 (1.28%) Node.js
13 14 (1.19%) ARM Templates
14 13 (1.11%) ASP.NET
14 13 (1.11%) Vue.js
15 11 (0.94%) Redux
16 10 (0.85%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 47 (4.01%) Data Centre
2 38 (3.24%) Public Cloud
2 38 (3.24%) User Experience
3 36 (3.07%) Private Cloud
4 26 (2.22%) Management Information System
5 21 (1.79%) Mobile App
5 21 (1.79%) SWIFT
6 17 (1.45%) Virtual Team
7 14 (1.19%) Algorithms
7 14 (1.19%) Data Structures
8 12 (1.02%) Freedom of Information
8 12 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (0.94%) Freedom of Information Act
10 10 (0.85%) Cloud Native
11 9 (0.77%) NHS
12 8 (0.68%) Greenfield Project
13 7 (0.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 7 (0.60%) Legacy Systems
13 7 (0.60%) Mobile Games
Operating Systems
1 116 (9.90%) Linux
2 109 (9.30%) Windows
3 58 (4.95%) Unix
4 37 (3.16%) Windows 10
5 23 (1.96%) Apple iOS
6 22 (1.88%) Android
7 17 (1.45%) Windows Server
8 14 (1.19%) Windows 7
9 9 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.34%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.26%) Solaris
11 3 (0.26%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.17%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.085%) CentOS
13 1 (0.085%) VMS
13 1 (0.085%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.085%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,172 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 251 (21.42%) Agile
3 245 (20.90%) DevOps
4 155 (13.23%) CI/CD
5 119 (10.15%) Stakeholder Management
6 105 (8.96%) Migration
7 84 (7.17%) Project Management
8 77 (6.57%) Value Proposition
9 56 (4.78%) Infrastructure as Code
10 55 (4.69%) Scrum
11 47 (4.01%) Problem-Solving
11 47 (4.01%) TDD
12 46 (3.92%) Microservices
13 45 (3.84%) Coaching
14 44 (3.75%) Analytics
15 39 (3.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 37 (3.16%) Technical Leadership
17 36 (3.07%) Open Source
18 35 (2.99%) Continuous Improvement
18 35 (2.99%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 161 (13.74%) Python
2 129 (11.01%) Java
3 103 (8.79%) SQL
4 53 (4.52%) JavaScript
5 38 (3.24%) C#
6 33 (2.82%) PowerShell
7 28 (2.39%) Bash
8 27 (2.30%) Groovy
8 27 (2.30%) Scala
9 18 (1.54%) Kotlin
9 18 (1.54%) TypeScript
10 17 (1.45%) C++
11 13 (1.11%) Shell Script
12 10 (0.85%) Apple Swift
13 7 (0.60%) Ruby
14 6 (0.51%) Go
14 6 (0.51%) PL/SQL
15 5 (0.43%) C
16 4 (0.34%) PHP
16 4 (0.34%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 84 (7.17%) Security Cleared
2 80 (6.83%) SC Cleared
3 21 (1.79%) Degree
4 13 (1.11%) ISEB
5 11 (0.94%) CISSP
6 10 (0.85%) CISM
7 8 (0.68%) CISA
8 7 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.43%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.43%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.34%) Computer Science Degree
12 3 (0.26%) APMP
12 3 (0.26%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.26%) CCIE
12 3 (0.26%) CCNP
12 3 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
13 2 (0.17%) CCNA
13 2 (0.17%) GIAC
13 2 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (3.58%) GDPR
2 18 (1.54%) QA
3 14 (1.19%) Data Quality
3 14 (1.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 13 (1.11%) PMO
5 11 (0.94%) Accessibility
6 7 (0.60%) NIST
7 6 (0.51%) MiFID
8 5 (0.43%) SLA
9 4 (0.34%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.26%) WCAG
11 2 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.17%) EMIR
11 2 (0.17%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.17%) P3O
11 2 (0.17%) PSD2
12 1 (0.085%) GRC
12 1 (0.085%) GxP
12 1 (0.085%) NIST 800
System Software
1 88 (7.51%) Docker
2 63 (5.38%) Active Directory
3 37 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.68%) vSphere
5 7 (0.60%) Virtual Desktop
6 6 (0.51%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.51%) VMware NSX
7 5 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.34%) vCloud
8 4 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.26%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 2 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.085%) Firmware
11 1 (0.085%) NFS
11 1 (0.085%) Samba
11 1 (0.085%) Time Sharing Option
11 1 (0.085%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.085%) XenApp
11 1 (0.085%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.085%) zsh
Systems Management
1 183 (15.61%) Terraform
2 149 (12.71%) Kubernetes
3 113 (9.64%) Ansible
4 18 (1.54%) Puppet
5 16 (1.37%) SCCM
6 11 (0.94%) Microsoft Intune
6 11 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (0.77%) Packer
8 8 (0.68%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 8 (0.68%) Grafana
8 8 (0.68%) vCenter Server
9 7 (0.60%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.51%) Kibana
11 5 (0.43%) CA Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.34%) AirWatch
12 4 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.26%) vRealize
13 3 (0.26%) VxRail
14 2 (0.17%) CSIRT
14 2 (0.17%) QRadar
Vendors
1 108 (9.22%) Microsoft
2 61 (5.20%) Google
3 49 (4.18%) Oracle
4 38 (3.24%) VMware
5 29 (2.47%) Cisco
6 22 (1.88%) Databricks
7 18 (1.54%) Citrix
8 17 (1.45%) SAP
8 17 (1.45%) ServiceNow
8 17 (1.45%) Splunk
9 15 (1.28%) AppDynamics
10 11 (0.94%) Dell
11 10 (0.85%) IBM
12 9 (0.77%) Adobe
12 9 (0.77%) BT
12 9 (0.77%) F5
12 9 (0.77%) Juniper
13 8 (0.68%) Red Hat
13 8 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (0.60%) CheckPoint