Period
to 25 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 116 466 711
Rank change year-on-year +350 +245 +51
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 1,538 31 68
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.27% 0.11% 0.088%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 7.40% 0.35% 0.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,455 24 39
10th Percentile £320 £138 £170
25th Percentile £413 £256 £281
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £406 £390
Median % change year-on-year +29.23% +4.17% -2.50%
75th Percentile £613 £498 £488
90th Percentile £700 £641 £563
UK median daily rate £500 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +25.00% +3.23% -3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 3 10
10th Percentile £13.78 £14.34 £13.75
25th Percentile £45.88 £16.46 £18.63
Median hourly rate £60.50 £20.00 £29.96
Median % change year-on-year +202.50% -33.24% +76.24%
75th Percentile £65.00 £23.11 "
90th Percentile £70.45 £24.98 £72.50
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £20.00 £29.96
% change year-on-year +200.00% -33.24% +76.24%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 20,787 8,817 22,320
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.65% 32.24% 28.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,737 6,107 14,873
10th Percentile £300 £272 £273
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £613 £588
90th Percentile £733 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 623 270 783
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.23 £11.62
25th Percentile £15.02 £16.24 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.00 £27.23 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -11.86% +32.83% +1.64%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.19 £47.50
90th Percentile £64.04 £60.13 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.08 £26.11 £20.50
% change year-on-year -7.77% +27.37% +2.50%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +210 685 £575 +43.75% 11
North of England +126 365 £475 +206.45% 11
North West +86 249 £475 +206.45% 4
Midlands +62 177 £438 -7.89% 6
South East +57 171 £443 +132.89% 5
West Midlands +42 146 £450 -5.26% 6
Yorkshire - 103 £475 - 4
South West -10 41 £500 -20.00% 5
East Midlands -9 31 £425 -
North East - 13 £525 - 3
East of England - 2 £146 - 6
Data Protection Act
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 1,538 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 425 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
3 301 (19.57%) Finance
4 295 (19.18%) DevOps
5 269 (17.49%) Java
6 228 (14.82%) Azure
7 221 (14.37%) Social Skills
8 219 (14.24%) Python
9 185 (12.03%) AWS
10 182 (11.83%) SQL
11 146 (9.49%) Linux
12 145 (9.43%) Terraform
13 144 (9.36%) JavaScript
14 143 (9.30%) Banking
15 139 (9.04%) Kubernetes
16 138 (8.97%) Windows
17 137 (8.91%) Docker
18 120 (7.80%) Microservices
19 117 (7.61%) TDD
20 116 (7.54%) Migration
20 116 (7.54%) Stakeholder Management
21 114 (7.41%) Ansible
22 106 (6.89%) Microsoft
23 100 (6.50%) GitHub
24 99 (6.44%) .NET
24 99 (6.44%) Value Proposition
25 97 (6.31%) Git (software)
26 95 (6.18%) Project Management
27 92 (5.98%) C#
27 92 (5.98%) React

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (1.69%) SharePoint
2 24 (1.56%) Confluence
3 20 (1.30%) Tomcat
4 19 (1.24%) Apache Spark
5 13 (0.85%) SAS
6 12 (0.78%) Apache
6 12 (0.78%) WordPress
7 11 (0.72%) CICS
8 10 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
8 10 (0.65%) MS Exchange
8 10 (0.65%) OpenStack
8 10 (0.65%) Oracle Workflow
9 9 (0.59%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
11 7 (0.46%) IIS
12 6 (0.39%) CMS
12 6 (0.39%) JBoss
12 6 (0.39%) Red Hat Fuse
12 6 (0.39%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.26%) Liferay
Applications
1 31 (2.02%) InVision
2 25 (1.63%) Sketch
3 18 (1.17%) Figma
4 11 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
6 7 (0.46%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.39%) Adobe Premiere
8 5 (0.33%) Siemens NX
9 3 (0.20%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.065%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 10 (0.65%) Magento
2 8 (0.52%) Shopify
2 8 (0.52%) Teamcenter
3 6 (0.39%) SAP CO
3 6 (0.39%) SAP FI
3 6 (0.39%) SAP FI/CO
3 6 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.26%) ION MarketView
5 3 (0.20%) ContrOCC
5 3 (0.20%) Oracle CRM
5 3 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.13%) Infor M3
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.13%) SAP EWM
6 2 (0.13%) SAP Travel Management
Cloud Services
1 228 (14.82%) Azure
2 185 (12.03%) AWS
3 100 (6.50%) GitHub
4 86 (5.59%) GCP
5 83 (5.40%) IaaS
6 76 (4.94%) Serverless
7 75 (4.88%) PaaS
8 43 (2.80%) Microsoft 365
9 40 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
10 30 (1.95%) GitHub Actions
10 30 (1.95%) Power Platform
11 24 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
11 24 (1.56%) SaaS
12 21 (1.37%) Azure Active Directory
13 20 (1.30%) Azure Functions
14 19 (1.24%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 13 (0.85%) Amazon S3
15 13 (0.85%) Apigee
15 13 (0.85%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 13 (0.85%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 56 (3.64%) Firewall
2 21 (1.37%) Network Security
3 13 (0.85%) Internet
4 12 (0.78%) VPN
5 11 (0.72%) NAS
5 11 (0.72%) SAN
6 9 (0.59%) 5G
6 9 (0.59%) DNS
6 9 (0.59%) Skype
6 9 (0.59%) VSAN
7 8 (0.52%) LAN
7 8 (0.52%) WAN
8 7 (0.46%) TCP/IP
9 6 (0.39%) HTTP
9 6 (0.39%) MVNO
9 6 (0.39%) Unified Communications
10 5 (0.33%) 4G
10 5 (0.33%) VoIP
11 4 (0.26%) Cisco ASA
11 4 (0.26%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (4.55%) SQL Server
2 59 (3.84%) Big Data
3 42 (2.73%) Data Lake
4 41 (2.67%) Hadoop
5 34 (2.21%) Apache Hive
6 32 (2.08%) NoSQL
7 30 (1.95%) PostgreSQL
8 29 (1.89%) Relational Database
9 26 (1.69%) Data Warehouse
10 24 (1.56%) Power BI
11 16 (1.04%) MySQL
12 14 (0.91%) Tableau
13 13 (0.85%) Pentaho
14 12 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (0.78%) Delta Lake
14 12 (0.78%) SQL Server 2016
15 11 (0.72%) DB2
16 10 (0.65%) SQL Server 2019
17 9 (0.59%) Azure SQL Database
18 8 (0.52%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 97 (6.31%) Git (software)
2 83 (5.40%) Jenkins
3 62 (4.03%) JIRA
4 37 (2.41%) Maven
5 31 (2.02%) GitLab
6 24 (1.56%) TeamCity
7 21 (1.37%) Bitbucket
8 16 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
9 15 (0.98%) Subversion
10 14 (0.91%) Eclipse
10 14 (0.91%) Octopus Deploy
11 13 (0.85%) CircleCI
11 13 (0.85%) Mocha
12 11 (0.72%) JUnit
13 10 (0.65%) IntelliJ
13 10 (0.65%) Jasmine
14 9 (0.59%) Xcode
15 8 (0.52%) Postman
15 8 (0.52%) SpecFlow
16 7 (0.46%) Selenium
General
1 301 (19.57%) Finance
2 221 (14.37%) Social Skills
3 143 (9.30%) Banking
4 50 (3.25%) Telecoms
5 40 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
6 24 (1.56%) Front Office
6 24 (1.56%) Presentation Skills
7 23 (1.50%) Marketing
8 22 (1.43%) Legal
9 20 (1.30%) Games
10 19 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
10 19 (1.24%) Public Sector
11 18 (1.17%) Investment Banking
12 14 (0.91%) Law
12 14 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
12 14 (0.91%) Retail
13 13 (0.85%) Retail Banking
14 6 (0.39%) Back Office
14 6 (0.39%) Influencing Skills
14 6 (0.39%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 414 (26.92%) Developer
2 116 (7.54%) Architect
3 102 (6.63%) Analyst
4 95 (6.18%) Java Developer
5 89 (5.79%) Project Manager
6 84 (5.46%) DevOps Engineer
7 75 (4.88%) Azure Engineer
8 62 (4.03%) Business Analyst
9 59 (3.84%) Designer
10 58 (3.77%) Solutions Architect
11 52 (3.38%) Data Engineer
12 50 (3.25%) Consultant
13 37 (2.41%) Full Stack Developer
14 36 (2.34%) Python Developer
15 35 (2.28%) C# Developer
16 33 (2.15%) AWS Engineer
17 28 (1.82%) .NET Developer
18 26 (1.69%) Software Engineer
19 23 (1.50%) Senior Developer
19 23 (1.50%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (6.44%) .NET
2 92 (5.98%) React
3 80 (5.20%) CSS
4 77 (5.01%) Spring
5 76 (4.94%) HTML
6 61 (3.97%) Node.js
7 59 (3.84%) REST
7 59 (3.84%) Spring Boot
8 49 (3.19%) Web Services
9 36 (2.34%) AngularJS
10 33 (2.15%) .NET Core
11 30 (1.95%) RESTful
12 29 (1.89%) SOAP
13 24 (1.56%) .NET Framework
13 24 (1.56%) JSON
14 22 (1.43%) ASP.NET Web API
15 20 (1.30%) GraphQL
16 18 (1.17%) ASP.NET
17 17 (1.11%) Middleware
18 16 (1.04%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 77 (5.01%) User Experience
2 44 (2.86%) Data Centre
3 39 (2.54%) Cloud Native
4 30 (1.95%) Mobile App
5 25 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 20 (1.30%) Fixed Income
7 18 (1.17%) Management Information System
8 17 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
9 15 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
9 15 (0.98%) Private Cloud
10 14 (0.91%) Algorithms
11 13 (0.85%) Credit Risk
11 13 (0.85%) Derivative
12 12 (0.78%) Freedom of Information
12 12 (0.78%) Mainframe
12 12 (0.78%) Public Cloud
13 11 (0.72%) Blog
13 11 (0.72%) Cyberattack
13 11 (0.72%) Freedom of Information Act
14 10 (0.65%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 146 (9.49%) Linux
2 138 (8.97%) Windows
3 57 (3.71%) Unix
4 55 (3.58%) Windows Server
5 29 (1.89%) Windows 10
6 27 (1.76%) Android
7 26 (1.69%) Apple iOS
8 18 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.65%) Windows Server 2016
10 9 (0.59%) Windows 7
10 9 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.26%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.20%) zOS
13 2 (0.13%) Solaris
13 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.065%) CentOS
14 1 (0.065%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.065%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,538 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 425 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
3 295 (19.18%) DevOps
4 120 (7.80%) Microservices
5 117 (7.61%) TDD
6 116 (7.54%) Migration
6 116 (7.54%) Stakeholder Management
7 99 (6.44%) Value Proposition
8 95 (6.18%) Project Management
9 87 (5.66%) Test Automation
10 84 (5.46%) Infrastructure as Code
11 83 (5.40%) Continuous Integration
11 83 (5.40%) Cybersecurity
12 69 (4.49%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 69 (4.49%) Scrum
13 67 (4.36%) Analytics
13 67 (4.36%) Continuous Delivery
13 67 (4.36%) Problem-Solving
14 64 (4.16%) SDLC
15 63 (4.10%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 269 (17.49%) Java
2 219 (14.24%) Python
3 182 (11.83%) SQL
4 144 (9.36%) JavaScript
5 92 (5.98%) C#
6 77 (5.01%) Scala
7 49 (3.19%) PowerShell
8 45 (2.93%) Bash Shell
9 43 (2.80%) TypeScript
10 41 (2.67%) C++
10 41 (2.67%) Java 8
11 27 (1.76%) Kotlin
12 17 (1.11%) Objective-C
12 17 (1.11%) PL/SQL
13 16 (1.04%) Apple Swift
13 16 (1.04%) Go
14 15 (0.98%) ES6
15 13 (0.85%) C
15 13 (0.85%) Shell Script
16 12 (0.78%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 45 (2.93%) Degree
1 45 (2.93%) Security Cleared
2 44 (2.86%) SC Cleared
3 19 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
4 17 (1.11%) Cisco Certification
5 14 (0.91%) CISSP
6 10 (0.65%) CCNA
7 9 (0.59%) CCNP
8 8 (0.52%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (0.46%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.39%) CISM
11 5 (0.33%) CISA
12 4 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.20%) ISEB
13 3 (0.20%) MCSE
14 2 (0.13%) CCIE
14 2 (0.13%) GIAC
14 2 (0.13%) MCP
14 2 (0.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (2.93%) GDPR
2 41 (2.67%) QA
3 13 (0.85%) MiFID
3 13 (0.85%) PMO
4 12 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.65%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.52%) GRC
7 6 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials
7 6 (0.39%) NIST
8 5 (0.33%) GMP
8 5 (0.33%) GxP
8 5 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.33%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.20%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.20%) Basel III
9 3 (0.20%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.20%) NIST 800
9 3 (0.20%) SLA
10 2 (0.13%) NCSC
10 2 (0.13%) PSD2
System Software
1 137 (8.91%) Docker
2 86 (5.59%) Active Directory
3 69 (4.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.04%) OpenAM
5 14 (0.91%) vSphere
6 13 (0.85%) VMware NSX
7 9 (0.59%) vCloud
7 9 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.26%) XenApp
8 4 (0.26%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.20%) HDFS
9 3 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.13%) Time Sharing Option
10 2 (0.13%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.065%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 145 (9.43%) Terraform
2 139 (9.04%) Kubernetes
3 114 (7.41%) Ansible
4 47 (3.06%) Puppet
5 23 (1.50%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (1.24%) SCCM
7 12 (0.78%) vCenter Server
8 10 (0.65%) Oozie
8 10 (0.65%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
9 6 (0.39%) Kibana
9 6 (0.39%) logstash
9 6 (0.39%) Rancher
9 6 (0.39%) vRealize
10 5 (0.33%) Grafana
10 5 (0.33%) Microsoft Intune
11 3 (0.20%) Cisco UCCX
11 3 (0.20%) Opsgenie
12 2 (0.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 2 (0.13%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 106 (6.89%) Microsoft
2 69 (4.49%) VMware
3 64 (4.16%) Google
4 62 (4.03%) Oracle
5 34 (2.21%) Salesforce.com
6 31 (2.02%) Citrix
7 22 (1.43%) Cisco
7 22 (1.43%) Red Hat
8 18 (1.17%) Databricks
9 17 (1.11%) CheckPoint
10 16 (1.04%) ForgeRock
11 15 (0.98%) F5
12 14 (0.91%) Splunk
13 13 (0.85%) HP
14 12 (0.78%) Alibaba
15 11 (0.72%) Ericsson
15 11 (0.72%) MuleSoft
15 11 (0.72%) SAP
16 10 (0.65%) ServiceNow
17 9 (0.59%) Sybase