Period
to 24 June 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Reference Data in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Reference Data over the 6 months to 24 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Reference Data
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 486 431 676
Rank change year-on-year -55 +245 +33
Contract jobs citing Reference Data 151 129 142
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.30% 0.35% 0.17%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.00% 1.16% 0.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 106 106 93
10th Percentile £463 £425 £403
25th Percentile £517 £488 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £684 £713 £613
90th Percentile £738 £788 £638
UK median daily rate £575 £575 £535
% change year-on-year - +7.48% +1.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
10th Percentile " " £19.54
25th Percentile £32.50 " £26.49
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £39.30
75th Percentile £37.50 " £52.14
90th Percentile " " £59.11
UK median hourly rate £42.50 - £39.30

Reference Data is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 15,124 11,100 23,966
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.85% 29.85% 28.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,205 7,420 15,908
10th Percentile £300 £263 £290
25th Percentile £400 £381 £385
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
75th Percentile £619 £600 £588
90th Percentile £713 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £481 £475
% change year-on-year +4.00% +1.21% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 571 403 794
10th Percentile £12.17 £12.52 £11.85
25th Percentile £16.00 £16.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.71 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.17% +17.67% -12.50%
75th Percentile £47.63 £47.25 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £54.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £20.86
% change year-on-year - +19.88% -7.31%

Reference Data
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Reference Data as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Reference Data in England

Reference Data
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Reference Data in England.

Daily rate trend for Reference Data in England

Reference Data
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Reference Data in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Reference Data in England

Reference Data
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Reference Data in England.

Hourly rate trend for Reference Data in England

Reference Data
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Reference Data within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -52 113 £575 -8.00% 15
North of England +8 16 £525 -0.94% 4
Yorkshire +17 12 £525 -0.94% 4
South East -19 6 £700 +40.00% 1
Midlands -20 5 £475 +30.14% 2
North West -2 4 £598 +16.59%
East of England -8 3 £575 +24.32% 1
West Midlands - 3 £475 -
East Midlands -4 2 - - 2
South West +10 1 £375 -
Reference Data
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Reference Data also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Reference Data.

1 76 (50.33%) SQL
2 68 (45.03%) Data Modelling
3 66 (43.71%) Finance
4 54 (35.76%) Data Management
5 46 (30.46%) Agile Software Development
5 46 (30.46%) Social Skills
6 42 (27.81%) Data Quality
7 38 (25.17%) Logical Data Model
8 35 (23.18%) Reference Data Management
8 35 (23.18%) Data Architecture
9 32 (21.19%) Data Analysis
10 31 (20.53%) Migration
11 30 (19.87%) Banking
12 29 (19.21%) Java
12 29 (19.21%) Oracle
13 25 (16.56%) Data Integration
13 25 (16.56%) Analytical Skills
13 25 (16.56%) Master Data Management
13 25 (16.56%) Relational Database
14 24 (15.89%) Azure
15 23 (15.23%) ETL
15 23 (15.23%) Metadata Management
15 23 (15.23%) Analytics
15 23 (15.23%) Data Governance
15 23 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
16 21 (13.91%) Stakeholder Management
16 21 (13.91%) Data Migration
17 20 (13.25%) AWS
17 20 (13.25%) XML
18 18 (11.92%) Business Intelligence

Reference Data
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (4.64%) Confluence
2 5 (3.31%) Oracle Coherence
3 2 (1.32%) Apache Spark
4 1 (0.66%) Apache
4 1 (0.66%) SAS
Applications
1 6 (3.97%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 9 (5.96%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (3.97%) Eagle PACE
2 6 (3.97%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.66%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.66%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.66%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.66%) SAP FI-GL
3 1 (0.66%) SAP MDG
3 1 (0.66%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 24 (15.89%) Azure
2 20 (13.25%) AWS
3 13 (8.61%) Power Platform
4 11 (7.28%) GCP
5 6 (3.97%) GitHub
6 4 (2.65%) Azure Data Factory
6 4 (2.65%) Snowflake
7 2 (1.32%) Dynamics 365
7 2 (1.32%) SaaS
8 1 (0.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.66%) Amazon ECS
8 1 (0.66%) Amazon EKS
8 1 (0.66%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
8 1 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.66%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 1 (0.66%) Azure Synapse Analytics
8 1 (0.66%) Route 53
8 1 (0.66%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.65%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (16.56%) Relational Database
2 17 (11.26%) RDBMS
3 15 (9.93%) Data Warehouse
4 14 (9.27%) Big Data
4 14 (9.27%) SQL Server
5 12 (7.95%) Power BI
6 11 (7.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 11 (7.28%) Tableau
7 9 (5.96%) Star Schema
8 8 (5.30%) Data Lake
8 8 (5.30%) Data Mining
8 8 (5.30%) NoSQL
8 8 (5.30%) Pentaho
8 8 (5.30%) PostgreSQL
8 8 (5.30%) Qlik Sense
8 8 (5.30%) QlikView
9 7 (4.64%) Oracle Database
10 6 (3.97%) Data Vault
11 4 (2.65%) Hadoop
11 4 (2.65%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 16 (10.60%) ERwin
2 15 (9.93%) JIRA
3 13 (8.61%) Jenkins
4 11 (7.28%) TeamCity
5 7 (4.64%) Git (software)
5 7 (4.64%) git-flow
6 6 (3.97%) JUnit
6 6 (3.97%) Maven
7 5 (3.31%) Concordion
7 5 (3.31%) Cucumber
7 5 (3.31%) GitLab
7 5 (3.31%) Gradle
7 5 (3.31%) JBehave
7 5 (3.31%) Mockito
8 4 (2.65%) ER Studio
9 3 (1.99%) IntelliJ
9 3 (1.99%) Toad
10 2 (1.32%) Bitbucket
10 2 (1.32%) SonarQube
10 2 (1.32%) Visual Studio
General
1 66 (43.71%) Finance
2 46 (30.46%) Social Skills
3 30 (19.87%) Banking
4 25 (16.56%) Analytical Skills
5 10 (6.62%) Investment Banking
6 9 (5.96%) Back Office
6 9 (5.96%) Front Office
6 9 (5.96%) Public Sector
7 7 (4.64%) Marketing
7 7 (4.64%) Telecoms
8 6 (3.97%) Electronics
8 6 (3.97%) Legal
8 6 (3.97%) Manufacturing
9 5 (3.31%) Influencing Skills
9 5 (3.31%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (2.65%) Documentation Skills
10 4 (2.65%) Financial Institution
10 4 (2.65%) Retail
11 2 (1.32%) Law
12 1 (0.66%) Games
Job Titles
1 50 (33.11%) Analyst
2 47 (31.13%) Architect
3 39 (25.83%) Data Architect
4 29 (19.21%) Data Analyst
5 23 (15.23%) Developer
6 19 (12.58%) Business Analyst
7 14 (9.27%) Data Modeller
8 12 (7.95%) Data Business Analyst
9 11 (7.28%) Java Developer
9 11 (7.28%) SQL Analyst
9 11 (7.28%) SQL Data Analyst
10 10 (6.62%) Data Manager
11 9 (5.96%) Senior Developer
12 7 (4.64%) Business Manager
13 6 (3.97%) Power BI Analyst
13 6 (3.97%) QlikView Analyst
13 6 (3.97%) Senior Analyst
13 6 (3.97%) SSIS Analyst
14 5 (3.31%) Data Engineer
14 5 (3.31%) Finance Modeller
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (13.25%) XML
2 16 (10.60%) JSON
3 15 (9.93%) GraphQL
4 12 (7.95%) Spring
5 10 (6.62%) REST
5 10 (6.62%) Web Services
6 8 (5.30%) Kafka
7 7 (4.64%) .NET
7 7 (4.64%) AngularJS
8 6 (3.97%) .NET Core
8 6 (3.97%) Ajax
8 6 (3.97%) CSS
8 6 (3.97%) HTML
8 6 (3.97%) Razor View Engine
8 6 (3.97%) React
8 6 (3.97%) Spring Boot
9 5 (3.31%) JAX-RS
9 5 (3.31%) MDX
9 5 (3.31%) Swagger
10 4 (2.65%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 10 (6.62%) Data Structures
2 9 (5.96%) Fixed Income
2 9 (5.96%) Hedge funds
3 6 (3.97%) Algorithms
4 5 (3.31%) Enterprise Software
4 5 (3.31%) FMCG
4 5 (3.31%) SWIFT
5 4 (2.65%) Analytical Mindset
5 4 (2.65%) Cloud Native
5 4 (2.65%) Management Information System
6 3 (1.99%) Equities
7 2 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (1.32%) TM Forum
8 1 (0.66%) Data Centre
8 1 (0.66%) Derivative
8 1 (0.66%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.66%) Market Risk
8 1 (0.66%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (0.66%) Semantic Web
8 1 (0.66%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 14 (9.27%) Linux
2 9 (5.96%) Unix
3 1 (0.66%) Windows
3 1 (0.66%) Windows Server
3 1 (0.66%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (45.03%) Data Modelling
2 54 (35.76%) Data Management
3 46 (30.46%) Agile Software Development
4 38 (25.17%) Logical Data Model
5 35 (23.18%) Data Architecture
5 35 (23.18%) Reference Data Management
6 32 (21.19%) Data Analysis
7 31 (20.53%) Migration
8 25 (16.56%) Data Integration
8 25 (16.56%) Master Data Management
9 23 (15.23%) Analytics
9 23 (15.23%) Data Governance
9 23 (15.23%) ETL
9 23 (15.23%) Metadata Management
9 23 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
10 21 (13.91%) Data Migration
10 21 (13.91%) Stakeholder Management
11 18 (11.92%) Business Intelligence
11 18 (11.92%) Conceptual Models
12 17 (11.26%) Physical Data Model
Programming Languages
1 76 (50.33%) SQL
2 29 (19.21%) Java
3 17 (11.26%) Python
4 11 (7.28%) JavaScript
5 9 (5.96%) C#
5 9 (5.96%) T-SQL
6 8 (5.30%) PowerShell
6 8 (5.30%) Scala
7 7 (4.64%) VBA
8 6 (3.97%) Java 8
9 5 (3.31%) C++
9 5 (3.31%) PL/SQL
10 4 (2.65%) C
10 4 (2.65%) COBOL
11 3 (1.99%) Groovy
11 3 (1.99%) R
12 2 (1.32%) Kotlin
12 2 (1.32%) SPARQL
13 1 (0.66%) SHACL
13 1 (0.66%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 9 (5.96%) Degree
2 6 (3.97%) SC Cleared
2 6 (3.97%) Security Cleared
3 5 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (2.65%) TOGAF Certification
5 1 (0.66%) ACCA
5 1 (0.66%) CFA
5 1 (0.66%) CIMA
5 1 (0.66%) CISSP
5 1 (0.66%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (27.81%) Data Quality
2 11 (7.28%) GDPR
3 4 (2.65%) CDISC
3 4 (2.65%) PMO
4 2 (1.32%) MiFID
5 1 (0.66%) EMIR
5 1 (0.66%) FATCA
5 1 (0.66%) QA
5 1 (0.66%) SLA
5 1 (0.66%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 7 (4.64%) Docker
2 1 (0.66%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 7 (4.64%) Kubernetes
2 3 (1.99%) Ansible
3 2 (1.32%) Istio
3 2 (1.32%) ITRS Geneos
3 2 (1.32%) Puppet
4 1 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 29 (19.21%) Oracle
2 13 (8.61%) Microsoft
3 11 (7.28%) Sparx
4 10 (6.62%) SAP
5 9 (5.96%) Informatica
6 8 (5.30%) Bloomberg
6 8 (5.30%) GoldenSource
6 8 (5.30%) IBM
7 6 (3.97%) QAD
7 6 (3.97%) Refinitiv
8 4 (2.65%) Embarcadero
8 4 (2.65%) Solace
9 3 (1.99%) Sybase
10 2 (1.32%) eSpeed
10 2 (1.32%) MarketAxess
10 2 (1.32%) Tradeweb
11 1 (0.66%) MicroStrategy
11 1 (0.66%) MuleSoft
11 1 (0.66%) Murex
11 1 (0.66%) Splunk