Period
to 8 March 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 8 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
England > London
6 months to
8 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 80 134 179
Rank change year-on-year +54 +45 -93
Contract jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 602 554 692
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.01% 2.03% 1.60%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 7.96% 5.91% 4.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 535 420 574
Median daily rate £650 £650 £644
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.97% -0.96%
10th Percentile £438 £508 £464
90th Percentile £800 £788 £775
England median daily rate £650 £650 £625
% change year-on-year - +4.00% -3.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
England median hourly rate - £21.00 -

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 7,561 9,371 15,188
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.85% 34.41% 35.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,286 6,715 10,896
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £325 £300 £313
90th Percentile £725 £709 £700
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 118 151 250
Median hourly rate £29.43 £24.12 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.99% +9.64% -2.22%
10th Percentile £16.99 £12.44 £12.98
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £47.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.54 £20.24
% change year-on-year +16.05% +6.46% -3.64%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in London.

Daily rate trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in London over the 6 months to 8 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in London.

Hourly rate trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the London region over the 6 months to 8 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +73 74 £638 -1.92% 39
Foreign Exchange (FX)
England

For the 6 months to 8 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 394 (65.45%) Front Office
2 349 (57.97%) Java
3 271 (45.02%) Finance
4 248 (41.20%) Banking
5 205 (34.05%) Agile Software Development
6 189 (31.40%) Derivative
7 188 (31.23%) Equities
8 186 (30.90%) Fixed Income
9 179 (29.73%) Python
10 175 (29.07%) Investment Banking
11 168 (27.91%) C++
12 164 (27.24%) Multithreading
13 163 (27.08%) Software Engineering
14 156 (25.91%) Electronic Trading
15 155 (25.75%) Low Latency
16 154 (25.58%) SQL
17 140 (23.26%) C#
18 138 (22.92%) AWS
19 128 (21.26%) JavaScript
20 121 (20.10%) Hedge funds
21 120 (19.93%) AngularJS
22 118 (19.60%) Asset Management
23 112 (18.60%) React
24 111 (18.44%) Web Services
25 85 (14.12%) Vue.js
26 83 (13.79%) .NET
27 78 (12.96%) TypeScript
28 73 (12.13%) Kotlin
29 69 (11.46%) Analytical Skills
30 57 (9.47%) Linux

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (3.82%) Apache
2 10 (1.66%) Apache Spark
3 6 (1.00%) Oracle Coherence
4 3 (0.50%) Confluence
4 3 (0.50%) WebSphere
5 2 (0.33%) Jupyter
5 2 (0.33%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.17%) MQSeries
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 7 (1.16%) Spreadsheet
2 5 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.17%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (1.33%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.66%) RMDS
3 3 (0.50%) Orchestrade
4 2 (0.33%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 2 (0.33%) Summit
4 2 (0.33%) Temenos Globus
4 2 (0.33%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.17%) Eikon
5 1 (0.17%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.17%) PolarLake
5 1 (0.17%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.17%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 138 (22.92%) AWS
2 57 (9.47%) Amazon EC2
2 57 (9.47%) Amazon S3
2 57 (9.47%) AWS Lambda
2 57 (9.47%) Serverless
3 36 (5.98%) Azure
4 29 (4.82%) GCP
5 13 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
6 2 (0.33%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.17%) Azure Active Directory
7 1 (0.17%) Azure Machine Learning
7 1 (0.17%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (0.17%) OneDrive
7 1 (0.17%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.17%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.16%) Multicast
2 6 (1.00%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.50%) Firewall
3 3 (0.50%) HTTP
4 2 (0.33%) LAN
4 2 (0.33%) VPN
4 2 (0.33%) WAN
4 2 (0.33%) Wireless
5 1 (0.17%) Cisco IPT
5 1 (0.17%) Ethernet
5 1 (0.17%) Internet
5 1 (0.17%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.17%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (9.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 23 (3.82%) Apache Ignite
2 23 (3.82%) SQL Server
3 14 (2.33%) Relational Database
4 11 (1.83%) NoSQL
5 10 (1.66%) Big Data
6 8 (1.33%) Hazelcast
7 7 (1.16%) KDB
8 6 (1.00%) MongoDB
8 6 (1.00%) Oracle Reports
9 5 (0.83%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (0.83%) InterSystems Cache
10 4 (0.66%) Redis
11 3 (0.50%) Blockchain
11 3 (0.50%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.33%) DB2
12 2 (0.33%) Kdb+
12 2 (0.33%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (0.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.33%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 28 (4.65%) TeamCity
2 25 (4.15%) Git (software)
3 22 (3.65%) GCC
3 22 (3.65%) GDB
4 20 (3.32%) JIRA
5 12 (1.99%) Jenkins
6 6 (1.00%) Bitbucket
6 6 (1.00%) Maven
6 6 (1.00%) Octopus Deploy
6 6 (1.00%) Subversion
7 4 (0.66%) git-flow
7 4 (0.66%) IntelliJ
7 4 (0.66%) webpack
8 3 (0.50%) Cucumber
8 3 (0.50%) NUnit
8 3 (0.50%) RStudio
8 3 (0.50%) TestComplete
9 2 (0.33%) Robot Framework
9 2 (0.33%) Selenium
10 1 (0.17%) Axure RP
General
1 394 (65.45%) Front Office
2 271 (45.02%) Finance
3 248 (41.20%) Banking
4 175 (29.07%) Investment Banking
5 18 (2.99%) Back Office
6 11 (1.83%) Financial Institution
7 8 (1.33%) Prime Brokerage
8 7 (1.16%) Private Banking
9 5 (0.83%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.66%) International Banking
10 4 (0.66%) Legal
10 4 (0.66%) Retail
11 3 (0.50%) Aerospace
11 3 (0.50%) Marketing
11 3 (0.50%) Public Sector
11 3 (0.50%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
11 3 (0.50%) Wholesale Banking
12 2 (0.33%) French Language
13 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.17%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 458 (76.08%) Developer
2 193 (32.06%) Java Developer
3 100 (16.61%) Front Office Developer
4 99 (16.45%) Software Engineer
5 90 (14.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 68 (11.30%) Electronic Trading Developer
7 67 (11.13%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
7 67 (11.13%) Python Developer
8 61 (10.13%) Analyst
8 61 (10.13%) Investment Banking Java Developer
9 60 (9.97%) JavaScript Developer
10 55 (9.14%) C++ Developer
11 50 (8.31%) Python Engineer
12 48 (7.97%) Python Software Engineer
13 45 (7.48%) JavaScript Engineer
14 35 (5.81%) C# Developer
15 33 (5.48%) Lead Developer
15 33 (5.48%) Quantitative Developer
16 32 (5.32%) Business Analyst
17 25 (4.15%) Pricing Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (19.93%) AngularJS
2 112 (18.60%) React
3 111 (18.44%) Web Services
4 85 (14.12%) Vue.js
5 83 (13.79%) .NET
6 52 (8.64%) FIX Protocol
7 43 (7.14%) Node.js
8 37 (6.15%) .NET Core
9 36 (5.98%) Kafka
10 29 (4.82%) Spring
11 20 (3.32%) Boost C++ Libraries
11 20 (3.32%) Rendezvous
11 20 (3.32%) STL
12 19 (3.16%) Spring Boot
13 18 (2.99%) HTML
13 18 (2.99%) Middleware
14 14 (2.33%) WPF
15 13 (2.16%) ASP.NET
15 13 (2.16%) ASP.NET Web API
15 13 (2.16%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 189 (31.40%) Derivative
2 188 (31.23%) Equities
3 186 (30.90%) Fixed Income
4 121 (20.10%) Hedge funds
5 69 (11.46%) Analytical Skills
6 47 (7.81%) Greenfield Project
7 41 (6.81%) Data Structures
8 24 (3.99%) Algorithms
9 21 (3.49%) Enterprise Software
10 15 (2.49%) User Experience
11 14 (2.33%) Blog
12 13 (2.16%) Grid Computing
13 12 (1.99%) Market Risk
14 10 (1.66%) Analytical Mindset
15 9 (1.50%) Credit Derivative
15 9 (1.50%) Credit Risk
16 6 (1.00%) Tandem
16 6 (1.00%) Virtual Team
17 4 (0.66%) Self-Motivation
18 3 (0.50%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 57 (9.47%) Linux
2 20 (3.32%) Unix
3 10 (1.66%) Windows
4 3 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.33%) Android
5 2 (0.33%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
6 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 205 (34.05%) Agile Software Development
2 164 (27.24%) Multithreading
3 163 (27.08%) Software Engineering
4 156 (25.91%) Electronic Trading
5 155 (25.75%) Low Latency
6 118 (19.60%) Asset Management
7 55 (9.14%) TDD
8 54 (8.97%) Multithreaded Programming
9 53 (8.80%) Analytics
10 50 (8.31%) Investment Management
11 47 (7.81%) Fintech
12 43 (7.14%) Unit Testing
13 42 (6.98%) Algorithmic Trading
13 42 (6.98%) Risk Management
14 40 (6.64%) Microservices
14 40 (6.64%) Scrum
15 37 (6.15%) BDD
15 37 (6.15%) Requirements Gathering
16 36 (5.98%) OO
16 36 (5.98%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 349 (57.97%) Java
2 179 (29.73%) Python
3 168 (27.91%) C++
4 154 (25.58%) SQL
5 140 (23.26%) C#
6 128 (21.26%) JavaScript
7 78 (12.96%) TypeScript
8 73 (12.13%) Kotlin
9 42 (6.98%) Scala
10 22 (3.65%) Clojure
11 14 (2.33%) C
11 14 (2.33%) Java 9
12 10 (1.66%) PL/SQL
13 9 (1.50%) Haskell
13 9 (1.50%) VBA
14 8 (1.33%) Java 8
15 6 (1.00%) Perl
16 3 (0.50%) Go
16 3 (0.50%) PHP
16 3 (0.50%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 51 (8.47%) Degree
2 21 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (1.00%) PhD
4 2 (0.33%) PMP
5 1 (0.17%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.17%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (2.66%) MiFID
2 10 (1.66%) QA
3 3 (0.50%) Dodd-Frank
3 3 (0.50%) SEPA
4 1 (0.17%) COBIT
4 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.17%) EMIR
4 1 (0.17%) GDPR
4 1 (0.17%) SLA
System Software
1 8 (1.33%) Docker
2 2 (0.33%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
2 2 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
2 2 (0.33%) vSphere
3 1 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 13 (2.16%) Terraform
2 7 (1.16%) Kubernetes
3 4 (0.66%) Ansible
4 3 (0.50%) Grafana
4 3 (0.50%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.17%) BladeLogic
5 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
5 1 (0.17%) SCCM
Vendors
1 40 (6.64%) Oracle
2 26 (4.32%) TIBCO
3 17 (2.82%) ION Trading
4 14 (2.33%) Murex
5 12 (1.99%) Solace
6 6 (1.00%) Bloomberg
6 6 (1.00%) IBM
7 5 (0.83%) Google
7 5 (0.83%) Microsoft
8 4 (0.66%) Citrix
8 4 (0.66%) Infragistics
8 4 (0.66%) Sybase
9 3 (0.50%) Red Hat
10 2 (0.33%) Calypso
10 2 (0.33%) Refinitiv
10 2 (0.33%) SAP
10 2 (0.33%) VMware
11 1 (0.17%) Atlassian
11 1 (0.17%) Charles River
11 1 (0.17%) Okta