Period
to 29 November 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 29 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Algorithms
UK > England
6 months to
29 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 298 287 312
Rank change year-on-year -11 +25 -5
Contract jobs citing Algorithms 612 250 634
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.87% 0.82% 0.85%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.80% 2.57% 2.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 384 153 440
10th Percentile £425 £326 £375
25th Percentile £525 £413 £439
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £660 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year +25.71% -2.33% -2.27%
75th Percentile £788 £625 £638
90th Percentile £900 £710 £707
UK median daily rate £650 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +30.00% -4.76% -2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 21
10th Percentile £25.94 £30.68 £9.50
25th Percentile £36.60 £37.11 £9.65
Median hourly rate £47.50 £46.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +2.15% +165.71% -50.00%
75th Percentile £49.56 £54.57 £42.50
90th Percentile £53.91 £61.25 £45.00
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £46.50 £18.34
% change year-on-year +2.15% +153.54% -26.64%

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,869 9,741 21,394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.98% 32.11% 28.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,620 6,732 14,188
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £413 £364 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £738 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 641 341 773
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.30 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.80
Median hourly rate £24.08 £27.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -12.44% +34.15% +2.50%
75th Percentile £49.00 £45.25 £46.00
90th Percentile £64.75 £58.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.50 £20.75
% change year-on-year -5.66% +27.71% +3.75%

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Algorithms in England.

Daily rate trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Algorithms in England over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Algorithms in England.

Hourly rate trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Algorithms in England over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the England region over the 6 months to 29 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 481 £700 +27.27% 207
South East -74 49 £550 +45.31% 62
South West -32 34 £491 +7.91% 19
East of England -55 13 £589 +2.39% 28
North of England -70 12 £475 +26.67% 53
Midlands -78 8 £425 -10.53% 20
West Midlands -55 7 £425 -37.04% 13
Yorkshire -43 6 £475 - 8
North West -59 5 £448 +19.33% 31
East Midlands -42 1 £475 - 6
North East - 1 £600 - 15
Algorithms
UK

For the 6 months to 29 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 268 (43.79%) Python
2 244 (39.87%) Java
3 225 (36.76%) Agile Software Development
4 208 (33.99%) Data Structures
5 176 (28.76%) Finance
6 175 (28.59%) SQL
7 173 (28.27%) Social Skills
8 167 (27.29%) Machine Learning
9 141 (23.04%) Analytical Skills
10 135 (22.06%) Linux
11 134 (21.90%) Banking
12 133 (21.73%) Software Engineering
13 132 (21.57%) Data Science
14 124 (20.26%) Analytics
15 120 (19.61%) Multithreading
16 118 (19.28%) Mathematics
17 114 (18.63%) AWS
18 111 (18.14%) Problem-Solving
19 110 (17.97%) Test Automation
20 105 (17.16%) Degree
21 103 (16.83%) Git (software)
22 98 (16.01%) Computer Science
23 97 (15.85%) JavaScript
24 96 (15.69%) Artificial Intelligence
25 89 (14.54%) OO
25 89 (14.54%) Docker
26 86 (14.05%) Front Office
26 86 (14.05%) Azure
27 84 (13.73%) DevOps
28 80 (13.07%) Scala

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (10.95%) Apache Spark
2 23 (3.76%) Oracle Workflow
3 19 (3.10%) Tomcat
4 17 (2.78%) Apache
4 17 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (2.12%) GemFire
6 10 (1.63%) SAS
7 6 (0.98%) Jupyter
8 5 (0.82%) Confluence
8 5 (0.82%) Ethereum
8 5 (0.82%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
9 3 (0.49%) nginx
10 2 (0.33%) Apache Qpid
10 2 (0.33%) ArcGIS
10 2 (0.33%) CMS
10 2 (0.33%) Hyperledger
10 2 (0.33%) IIS
10 2 (0.33%) Tornado
11 1 (0.16%) JBoss
Applications
1 8 (1.31%) Simulink
1 8 (1.31%) Stateflow
2 7 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.33%) SPSS
5 1 (0.16%) CPLEX
5 1 (0.16%) Steinberg Cubase
5 1 (0.16%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 3 (0.49%) Distributed Ledger
1 3 (0.49%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.16%) SAP R/3
2 1 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 1 (0.16%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 114 (18.63%) AWS
2 86 (14.05%) Azure
3 41 (6.70%) GCP
4 27 (4.41%) GitHub
5 25 (4.08%) Serverless
6 24 (3.92%) Power Platform
7 17 (2.78%) Azure Data Factory
8 13 (2.12%) OpenShift
9 10 (1.63%) Azure Functions
10 9 (1.47%) Amazon S3
11 8 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
11 8 (1.31%) SaaS
12 7 (1.14%) Amazon Kinesis
12 7 (1.14%) Snowflake
13 6 (0.98%) Azure Machine Learning
13 6 (0.98%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 5 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
15 4 (0.65%) GitHub Actions
16 3 (0.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 23 (3.76%) FIX Connectivity
1 23 (3.76%) TCP/IP
2 19 (3.10%) SSL
3 11 (1.80%) Kerberos
4 9 (1.47%) Internet
5 8 (1.31%) Bluetooth
5 8 (1.31%) MQTT
6 7 (1.14%) DNS
7 5 (0.82%) DHCP
7 5 (0.82%) IPv4
7 5 (0.82%) IPv6
7 5 (0.82%) VPN
7 5 (0.82%) WAN
7 5 (0.82%) Wireless
7 5 (0.82%) Z-Wave
8 4 (0.65%) 5G
8 4 (0.65%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.65%) HTTP
8 4 (0.65%) VLAN
8 4 (0.65%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (9.64%) NoSQL
2 56 (9.15%) Big Data
3 49 (8.01%) SQL Server
4 37 (6.05%) Redis
5 35 (5.72%) Relational Database
6 26 (4.25%) Data Warehouse
6 26 (4.25%) MongoDB
6 26 (4.25%) Tableau
7 25 (4.08%) Apache Cassandra
8 24 (3.92%) Power BI
9 23 (3.76%) Hadoop
10 21 (3.43%) Metadata
11 20 (3.27%) Apache Hive
11 20 (3.27%) Hazelcast
12 19 (3.10%) Data Mining
13 14 (2.29%) RDBMS
14 13 (2.12%) InterSystems Cache
15 11 (1.80%) Amazon Redshift
15 11 (1.80%) KDB
15 11 (1.80%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 103 (16.83%) Git (software)
2 74 (12.09%) Jenkins
3 62 (10.13%) Maven
4 28 (4.58%) JUnit
5 24 (3.92%) Gradle
5 24 (3.92%) JIRA
6 15 (2.45%) JMeter
6 15 (2.45%) webpack
7 14 (2.29%) Cucumber
7 14 (2.29%) TeamCity
8 13 (2.12%) Selenium
9 10 (1.63%) GitLab
10 9 (1.47%) gulp
11 8 (1.31%) Grunt
11 8 (1.31%) Jasmine
11 8 (1.31%) MLflow
11 8 (1.31%) PhantomJS
12 7 (1.14%) Mockito
13 6 (0.98%) Subversion
13 6 (0.98%) TestNG
General
1 176 (28.76%) Finance
2 173 (28.27%) Social Skills
3 141 (23.04%) Analytical Skills
4 134 (21.90%) Banking
5 86 (14.05%) Front Office
6 80 (13.07%) Investment Banking
7 37 (6.05%) Public Sector
8 26 (4.25%) Marketing
9 25 (4.08%) Presentation Skills
10 17 (2.78%) Financial Institution
11 16 (2.61%) Retail
12 13 (2.12%) Organisational Skills
13 11 (1.80%) Back Office
13 11 (1.80%) Telecoms
14 9 (1.47%) Manufacturing
15 8 (1.31%) Electronics
16 7 (1.14%) Legal
17 6 (0.98%) Aerospace
17 6 (0.98%) Influencing Skills
18 5 (0.82%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 285 (46.57%) Developer
2 143 (23.37%) Java Developer
3 78 (12.75%) Data Scientist
4 66 (10.78%) Senior Developer
5 60 (9.80%) Senior Java Developer
6 53 (8.66%) Data Engineer
7 45 (7.35%) Software Engineer
8 29 (4.74%) Core Java Developer
9 27 (4.41%) Full Stack Developer
10 26 (4.25%) Scala Developer
11 25 (4.08%) Electronic Trading Developer
11 25 (4.08%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
11 25 (4.08%) Front Office Developer
12 24 (3.92%) Consultant
13 23 (3.76%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 21 (3.43%) Analyst
15 17 (2.78%) C++ Developer
15 17 (2.78%) Python Developer
16 16 (2.61%) Architect
17 15 (2.45%) Quantitative Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (10.95%) RESTful
2 66 (10.78%) HTML
3 58 (9.48%) Kafka
4 56 (9.15%) Spring
5 47 (7.68%) React
6 43 (7.03%) CSS
6 43 (7.03%) REST
7 42 (6.86%) AngularJS
7 42 (6.86%) Spring Boot
8 35 (5.72%) Web Services
9 34 (5.56%) FIX Protocol
10 32 (5.23%) Pandas
11 29 (4.74%) TensorFlow
12 25 (4.08%) scikit-learn
13 24 (3.92%) PyTorch
14 23 (3.76%) Node.js
15 22 (3.59%) NumPy
16 20 (3.27%) Memcached
17 18 (2.94%) Hibernate
17 18 (2.94%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 208 (33.99%) Data Structures
2 77 (12.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 59 (9.64%) Fixed Income
4 55 (8.99%) Derivative
5 22 (3.59%) Equities
6 20 (3.27%) User Experience
7 19 (3.10%) Clustering
8 15 (2.45%) N-Tier
9 14 (2.29%) Data Protection Act
9 14 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (1.63%) Cloud Native
10 10 (1.63%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.63%) Tandem
11 9 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (1.14%) Legacy Applications
12 7 (1.14%) Public Cloud
13 6 (0.98%) Social Media
14 5 (0.82%) Blog
14 5 (0.82%) Market Risk
14 5 (0.82%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 135 (22.06%) Linux
2 52 (8.50%) Unix
3 18 (2.94%) Windows
4 11 (1.80%) Android
5 9 (1.47%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.65%) Embedded Linux
6 4 (0.65%) VMS
7 1 (0.16%) CentOS
7 1 (0.16%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.16%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 225 (36.76%) Agile Software Development
2 167 (27.29%) Machine Learning
3 133 (21.73%) Software Engineering
4 132 (21.57%) Data Science
5 124 (20.26%) Analytics
6 120 (19.61%) Multithreading
7 118 (19.28%) Mathematics
8 111 (18.14%) Problem-Solving
9 110 (17.97%) Test Automation
10 98 (16.01%) Computer Science
11 96 (15.69%) Artificial Intelligence
12 89 (14.54%) OO
13 84 (13.73%) DevOps
14 79 (12.91%) Visualisation
15 76 (12.42%) Scrum
16 63 (10.29%) API Development
17 61 (9.97%) API Design
17 61 (9.97%) Performance Tuning
18 56 (9.15%) OOD
19 54 (8.82%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 268 (43.79%) Python
2 244 (39.87%) Java
3 175 (28.59%) SQL
4 97 (15.85%) JavaScript
5 80 (13.07%) Scala
6 79 (12.91%) Java 8
7 68 (11.11%) R
8 64 (10.46%) C++
9 27 (4.41%) TypeScript
10 22 (3.59%) PL/SQL
11 19 (3.10%) Go
11 19 (3.10%) Haskell
11 19 (3.10%) MATLAB
12 17 (2.78%) C
13 16 (2.61%) SPARQL
14 14 (2.29%) Bash Shell
15 13 (2.12%) ES6
16 11 (1.80%) C#
17 10 (1.63%) Ruby
18 9 (1.47%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 105 (17.16%) Degree
2 32 (5.23%) Security Cleared
3 27 (4.41%) SC Cleared
4 23 (3.76%) PhD
5 21 (3.43%) Master's Degree
6 20 (3.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 13 (2.12%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.65%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.65%) CCNA
9 4 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.33%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.33%) ISEB
10 2 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.16%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.58%) Data Quality
2 12 (1.96%) Accessibility
3 11 (1.80%) QA
4 5 (0.82%) GDPR
5 3 (0.49%) SNOMED CT
6 2 (0.33%) PMO
7 1 (0.16%) SLA
System Software
1 89 (14.54%) Docker
2 5 (0.82%) HDFS
3 4 (0.65%) iptables
3 4 (0.65%) KVM
3 4 (0.65%) Xen
4 3 (0.49%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.16%) Firmware
5 1 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 63 (10.29%) Kubernetes
2 23 (3.76%) Ansible
3 22 (3.59%) Terraform
4 17 (2.78%) Kibana
5 14 (2.29%) logstash
6 13 (2.12%) Graphite
7 12 (1.96%) Puppet
8 10 (1.63%) Opscode Chef
9 8 (1.31%) Oozie
10 4 (0.65%) Kubeflow
10 4 (0.65%) Mesos
10 4 (0.65%) Packer
11 3 (0.49%) Istio
11 3 (0.49%) Opsgenie
12 1 (0.16%) Ambari
12 1 (0.16%) Grafana
12 1 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 77 (12.58%) Oracle
2 28 (4.58%) Microsoft
3 24 (3.92%) ION Trading
4 18 (2.94%) Databricks
5 12 (1.96%) Google
6 8 (1.31%) Foundry
6 8 (1.31%) Palantir
7 7 (1.14%) Apple
8 6 (0.98%) New Relic
9 5 (0.82%) Adobe
9 5 (0.82%) Alteryx
9 5 (0.82%) Cloudera
9 5 (0.82%) Facebook
9 5 (0.82%) IBM
9 5 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
10 4 (0.65%) Atlassian
11 3 (0.49%) MathWorks
11 3 (0.49%) SAP
11 3 (0.49%) Splunk
11 3 (0.49%) Twitter