Period
to 29 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Algorithms
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 266 293 299
Rank change year-on-year +27 +6 -11
Contract jobs citing Algorithms 589 259 786
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.03% 0.79% 0.94%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.36% 2.56% 3.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 322 157 507
10th Percentile £400 £332 £400
25th Percentile £488 £425 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £700 £688 £638
90th Percentile £775 £750 £700
UK median daily rate £600 £550 £538
% change year-on-year +9.09% +2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 27
10th Percentile £35.20 £37.75 "
25th Percentile £39.09 £43.31 £9.65
Median hourly rate £45.25 £47.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.72% +4.44% +87.50%
75th Percentile £53.06 £53.75 £51.25
90th Percentile £59.48 £64.63 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £45.25 £47.00 £46.25
% change year-on-year -3.72% +1.62% +101.09%

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,549 10,118 24,640
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.70% 30.99% 29.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,999 6,858 16,361
10th Percentile £303 £263 £288
25th Percentile £406 £391 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £625 £613 £588
90th Percentile £713 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 622 349 822
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.42 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.19 £16.50 £14.09
Median hourly rate £24.18 £26.44 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -8.57% +28.98% -12.77%
75th Percentile £47.60 £47.25 £46.80
90th Percentile £62.00 £55.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.42 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.57% +27.08% -12.09%

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Algorithms in England.

Daily rate trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Algorithms in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Algorithms in England.

Hourly rate trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Algorithms in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 456 £625 +3.35% 204
South East -23 60 £500 +8.11% 66
East of England 0 16 £613 +73.88% 33
Midlands -34 12 £450 -28.71% 26
South West -23 10 £388 -12.92% 43
West Midlands -28 10 £425 -32.67% 15
North of England -30 7 £448 -0.56% 43
North West -34 5 £436 -3.06% 25
East Midlands - 2 £475 - 10
North East - 1 £600 - 3
Yorkshire - 1 - - 15
Algorithms
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 265 (44.99%) Python
2 214 (36.33%) Data Structures
3 207 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
4 197 (33.45%) Java
5 194 (32.94%) SQL
6 174 (29.54%) Machine Learning
7 163 (27.67%) Finance
8 160 (27.16%) Data Science
9 157 (26.66%) Analytical Skills
10 149 (25.30%) AWS
11 146 (24.79%) Linux
12 145 (24.62%) Problem-Solving
13 138 (23.43%) Social Skills
14 136 (23.09%) Azure
15 134 (22.75%) Analytics
16 122 (20.71%) Software Engineering
17 113 (19.19%) Computer Science
18 105 (17.83%) Degree
19 99 (16.81%) Mathematics
20 95 (16.13%) Test Automation
21 90 (15.28%) Scala
22 89 (15.11%) C++
23 86 (14.60%) Scrum
23 86 (14.60%) R
24 81 (13.75%) DevOps
25 78 (13.24%) Multithreading
26 77 (13.07%) Artificial Intelligence
27 76 (12.90%) Banking
27 76 (12.90%) JavaScript
27 76 (12.90%) Docker

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (10.53%) Apache Spark
2 18 (3.06%) Jupyter
3 16 (2.72%) Apache
4 12 (2.04%) Apache Airflow
5 10 (1.70%) Confluence
5 10 (1.70%) Tomcat
6 8 (1.36%) SAS
7 7 (1.19%) Elasticsearch
8 6 (1.02%) Oracle Workflow
9 5 (0.85%) GemFire
9 5 (0.85%) nginx
9 5 (0.85%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.68%) IIS
11 3 (0.51%) JBoss
11 3 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.51%) SharePoint
12 2 (0.34%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.34%) Apache Qpid
13 1 (0.17%) Apache Synapse
13 1 (0.17%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 23 (3.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (3.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (1.70%) Simulink
4 9 (1.53%) Stateflow
5 7 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.17%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 2 (0.34%) SAP R/3
2 1 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 1 (0.17%) Towers Watson Igloo
2 1 (0.17%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 149 (25.30%) AWS
2 136 (23.09%) Azure
3 36 (6.11%) GCP
4 34 (5.77%) GitHub
5 28 (4.75%) Serverless
6 20 (3.40%) AWS CloudFormation
7 17 (2.89%) Azure Data Factory
7 17 (2.89%) Power Platform
8 15 (2.55%) Heroku
9 14 (2.38%) Azure Functions
10 13 (2.21%) OpenShift
11 11 (1.87%) Azure Machine Learning
12 10 (1.70%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (1.53%) SaaS
14 8 (1.36%) Amazon Kinesis
14 8 (1.36%) Amazon S3
15 6 (1.02%) Azure Pipelines
15 6 (1.02%) Google Analytics
16 5 (0.85%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 5 (0.85%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 32 (5.43%) TCP/IP
2 31 (5.26%) SSL
3 9 (1.53%) HTTP
4 8 (1.36%) Internet
4 8 (1.36%) Wireless
5 7 (1.19%) DNS
6 6 (1.02%) Firewall
6 6 (1.02%) FIX Connectivity
6 6 (1.02%) MQTT
6 6 (1.02%) VPN
7 5 (0.85%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.85%) DHCP
7 5 (0.85%) IPv4
7 5 (0.85%) IPv6
7 5 (0.85%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.85%) WAN
8 4 (0.68%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.68%) SSH
8 4 (0.68%) VXLAN
8 4 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (10.53%) NoSQL
2 52 (8.83%) SQL Server
3 51 (8.66%) Big Data
4 42 (7.13%) Data Warehouse
5 40 (6.79%) Redis
6 31 (5.26%) Hazelcast
7 27 (4.58%) Relational Database
8 26 (4.41%) Data Mining
8 26 (4.41%) MongoDB
9 22 (3.74%) Data Lake
9 22 (3.74%) Hadoop
10 17 (2.89%) Power BI
10 17 (2.89%) QlikView
11 16 (2.72%) Apache Hive
12 15 (2.55%) Tableau
13 12 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
14 11 (1.87%) PostgreSQL
15 10 (1.70%) KDB
15 10 (1.70%) Metadata
16 9 (1.53%) Impala
Development Applications
1 62 (10.53%) Git (software)
2 42 (7.13%) Jenkins
2 42 (7.13%) JIRA
3 35 (5.94%) JUnit
4 23 (3.90%) Maven
5 20 (3.40%) webpack
6 15 (2.55%) git-flow
7 13 (2.21%) Mockito
8 12 (2.04%) Gradle
9 11 (1.87%) TeamCity
10 10 (1.70%) IntelliJ
10 10 (1.70%) TestNG
11 9 (1.53%) Jasmine
11 9 (1.53%) MLflow
12 8 (1.36%) Cucumber
12 8 (1.36%) EasyMock
13 7 (1.19%) Eclipse
13 7 (1.19%) GitLab
13 7 (1.19%) Karma Test Runner
13 7 (1.19%) NUnit
General
1 163 (27.67%) Finance
2 157 (26.66%) Analytical Skills
3 138 (23.43%) Social Skills
4 76 (12.90%) Banking
5 70 (11.88%) Front Office
6 45 (7.64%) Investment Banking
7 39 (6.62%) Marketing
8 38 (6.45%) Presentation Skills
9 29 (4.92%) Public Sector
10 25 (4.24%) Retail
11 20 (3.40%) Telecoms
12 12 (2.04%) Manufacturing
13 8 (1.36%) Electronics
14 7 (1.19%) Aerospace
14 7 (1.19%) Back Office
15 5 (0.85%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.85%) Law
15 5 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.68%) Local Government
17 3 (0.51%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 276 (46.86%) Developer
2 122 (20.71%) Java Developer
3 101 (17.15%) Data Scientist
4 61 (10.36%) Senior Developer
5 50 (8.49%) Data Engineer
6 45 (7.64%) Senior Java Developer
7 26 (4.41%) Quantitative Developer
8 24 (4.07%) Architect
8 24 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
8 24 (4.07%) Scala Developer
9 23 (3.90%) C# Developer
9 23 (3.90%) Python Developer
10 22 (3.74%) Senior Data Scientist
11 20 (3.40%) Software Engineer
12 19 (3.23%) Front Office Developer
13 18 (3.06%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 17 (2.89%) C++ Developer
14 17 (2.89%) React Developer
15 16 (2.72%) Analyst
15 16 (2.72%) C# Quant Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (10.70%) HTML
2 62 (10.53%) Spring
3 58 (9.85%) Kafka
4 56 (9.51%) RESTful
5 49 (8.32%) Spring Boot
6 43 (7.30%) CSS
7 40 (6.79%) .NET
7 40 (6.79%) React
8 38 (6.45%) GraphQL
9 36 (6.11%) AngularJS
10 34 (5.77%) Node.js
10 34 (5.77%) REST
10 34 (5.77%) TensorFlow
11 33 (5.60%) NumPy
12 31 (5.26%) Memcached
13 30 (5.09%) .NET Core
13 30 (5.09%) FIX Protocol
14 29 (4.92%) Web Services
15 26 (4.41%) Pandas
16 24 (4.07%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 214 (36.33%) Data Structures
2 62 (10.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 56 (9.51%) Fixed Income
4 36 (6.11%) Derivative
5 35 (5.94%) User Experience
6 28 (4.75%) Enterprise Software
7 24 (4.07%) Social Media
8 20 (3.40%) Equities
9 17 (2.89%) Management Information System
9 17 (2.89%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (2.72%) Hedge funds
11 10 (1.70%) Cloud Native
12 8 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
13 7 (1.19%) Clustering
13 7 (1.19%) Public Cloud
13 7 (1.19%) Tandem
14 5 (0.85%) Analytical Mindset
14 5 (0.85%) Augmented Reality
14 5 (0.85%) Greenfield Project
14 5 (0.85%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 146 (24.79%) Linux
2 39 (6.62%) Unix
3 24 (4.07%) Windows
4 12 (2.04%) Android
5 6 (1.02%) Embedded Linux
6 5 (0.85%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.51%) VMS
8 2 (0.34%) CentOS
9 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 207 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
2 174 (29.54%) Machine Learning
3 160 (27.16%) Data Science
4 145 (24.62%) Problem-Solving
5 134 (22.75%) Analytics
6 122 (20.71%) Software Engineering
7 113 (19.19%) Computer Science
8 99 (16.81%) Mathematics
9 95 (16.13%) Test Automation
10 86 (14.60%) Scrum
11 81 (13.75%) DevOps
12 78 (13.24%) Multithreading
13 77 (13.07%) Artificial Intelligence
14 73 (12.39%) Data Analysis
15 71 (12.05%) OO
16 70 (11.88%) Visualisation
17 66 (11.21%) TDD
18 63 (10.70%) API Design
19 59 (10.02%) Data Pipeline
19 59 (10.02%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 265 (44.99%) Python
2 197 (33.45%) Java
3 194 (32.94%) SQL
4 90 (15.28%) Scala
5 89 (15.11%) C++
6 86 (14.60%) R
7 76 (12.90%) JavaScript
8 70 (11.88%) Java 8
9 42 (7.13%) C#
10 39 (6.62%) TypeScript
11 34 (5.77%) PL/SQL
12 31 (5.26%) Haskell
13 26 (4.41%) Go
14 19 (3.23%) Bash Shell
14 19 (3.23%) VBA
15 18 (3.06%) C
16 17 (2.89%) ES6
17 15 (2.55%) MATLAB
18 13 (2.21%) Java 11
19 10 (1.70%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 105 (17.83%) Degree
2 30 (5.09%) Security Cleared
3 26 (4.41%) SC Cleared
4 24 (4.07%) Master's Degree
5 23 (3.90%) PhD
6 18 (3.06%) Computer Science Degree
7 13 (2.21%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.68%) CCNA
8 4 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.51%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.34%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.17%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.17%) CISSP
11 1 (0.17%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.17%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.17%) ISEB
11 1 (0.17%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.17%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (5.60%) QA
2 21 (3.57%) Accessibility
3 20 (3.40%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.51%) GDPR
4 3 (0.51%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.17%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.17%) MiFID
5 1 (0.17%) PMO
5 1 (0.17%) SNOMED CT
5 1 (0.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 76 (12.90%) Docker
2 4 (0.68%) iptables
2 4 (0.68%) KVM
2 4 (0.68%) Xen
3 3 (0.51%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.17%) Ceph
4 1 (0.17%) Firmware
4 1 (0.17%) HDFS
4 1 (0.17%) IAG
Systems Management
1 72 (12.22%) Kubernetes
2 44 (7.47%) Terraform
3 15 (2.55%) Ansible
4 7 (1.19%) Puppet
5 6 (1.02%) Kibana
5 6 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.85%) Istio
6 5 (0.85%) Kubeflow
7 4 (0.68%) Graphite
7 4 (0.68%) logstash
7 4 (0.68%) Mesos
7 4 (0.68%) Packer
8 2 (0.34%) linkerd
8 2 (0.34%) Opsgenie
9 1 (0.17%) Ambari
9 1 (0.17%) CASB
9 1 (0.17%) Grafana
9 1 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.17%) HP ALM
9 1 (0.17%) Oozie
Vendors
1 74 (12.56%) Oracle
2 25 (4.24%) Google
3 24 (4.07%) Salesforce.com
4 20 (3.40%) Databricks
5 19 (3.23%) Alteryx
5 19 (3.23%) Microsoft
6 9 (1.53%) ION Trading
7 7 (1.19%) New Relic
8 6 (1.02%) SAP
9 5 (0.85%) Atlassian
9 5 (0.85%) IBM
9 5 (0.85%) TOWER Software
10 4 (0.68%) Intel
10 4 (0.68%) PagerDuty
10 4 (0.68%) Splunk
11 3 (0.51%) Adobe
11 3 (0.51%) CA
11 3 (0.51%) Dynatrace
11 3 (0.51%) StreamSets
11 3 (0.51%) Xilinx