Period
to 22 June 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 22 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 494 472 538
Rank change year-on-year -22 +66 +16
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 142 98 298
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.28% 0.26% 0.36%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.95% 0.87% 1.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 87 44 190
10th Percentile £308 £318 £302
25th Percentile £351 £409 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £500 £425
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% +17.65% -5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £641 £519
90th Percentile £665 £675 £578
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £425
% change year-on-year -5.00% +17.65% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 5 3
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £13.22 £16.00 £40.25
Median hourly rate £13.47 £18.50 £41.50
Median % change year-on-year -27.19% -55.42% -6.74%
75th Percentile £13.72 £20.00 £44.71
90th Percentile " £47.60 £45.89
UK median hourly rate £13.47 £18.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year -27.19% -54.32% +107.69%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 15,025 11,260 23,971
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.99% 29.82% 28.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,088 7,509 15,907
10th Percentile £300 £263 £291
25th Percentile £400 £380 £385
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £495 £476
Median % change year-on-year +1.01% +3.99% +0.21%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £588
90th Percentile £713 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 566 421 793
10th Percentile £12.20 £12.50 £11.85
25th Percentile £16.00 £16.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.30 £20.96
Median % change year-on-year +2.88% +15.96% -12.69%
75th Percentile £47.63 £46.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £24.71 £20.50
% change year-on-year +1.19% +20.51% -8.89%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Daily rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 6 months to 22 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Hourly rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the England region over the 6 months to 22 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -40 56 £550 +18.92% 9
Midlands 0 22 £335 -21.18% 5
South East -13 20 £475 -5.00% 1
West Midlands -3 16 £350 -17.65% 1
North of England +5 13 £425 -16.05% 4
Yorkshire +15 8 £425 -34.62% 3
South West +11 7 £625 - 3
East Midlands +8 5 £320 - 4
North West -11 5 £437 +32.42% 1
East of England +4 2 £475 - 1
Mainframe
UK

For the 6 months to 22 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 56 (39.44%) IBM
2 37 (26.06%) zOS
3 33 (23.24%) CICS
3 33 (23.24%) Finance
4 32 (22.54%) Agile Software Development
4 32 (22.54%) DB2
5 29 (20.42%) Banking
6 28 (19.72%) Social Skills
7 25 (17.61%) DevOps
8 24 (16.90%) MVS
9 23 (16.20%) COBOL
10 22 (15.49%) RACF
11 21 (14.79%) JCL
12 20 (14.08%) JIRA
12 20 (14.08%) Test Automation
13 19 (13.38%) Migration
14 18 (12.68%) Tivoli NetView
14 18 (12.68%) Linux
15 17 (11.97%) Java
15 17 (11.97%) REXX
16 16 (11.27%) Web Services
16 16 (11.27%) SNA
16 16 (11.27%) Scrum
17 15 (10.56%) IBM Mainframe
18 14 (9.86%) IDMS
18 14 (9.86%) AWS
18 14 (9.86%) Software Testing
18 14 (9.86%) Windows
18 14 (9.86%) Oracle
19 13 (9.15%) SQL

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (23.24%) CICS
2 12 (8.45%) Confluence
3 11 (7.75%) SAS
4 5 (3.52%) WebSphere
5 4 (2.82%) Tomcat
6 2 (1.41%) Apache
6 2 (1.41%) JBoss
6 2 (1.41%) Oracle HTTP Server
6 2 (1.41%) Red Hat Fuse
7 1 (0.70%) CMS
7 1 (0.70%) IIS
7 1 (0.70%) MQSeries
7 1 (0.70%) Mule
7 1 (0.70%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.70%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.70%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 10 (7.04%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (4.93%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (2.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (2.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (2.11%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 14 (9.86%) AWS
2 7 (4.93%) Azure
3 5 (3.52%) OpenShift
4 4 (2.82%) Amazon EKS
4 4 (2.82%) Amazon S3
4 4 (2.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 3 (2.11%) Azure Active Directory
5 3 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (2.11%) PaaS
6 2 (1.41%) SaaS
7 1 (0.70%) Apigee
7 1 (0.70%) BlazeMeter
7 1 (0.70%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (11.27%) SNA
2 12 (8.45%) FTP
2 12 (8.45%) TCP/IP
3 8 (5.63%) APPN
4 6 (4.23%) SAN
5 4 (2.82%) Internet
5 4 (2.82%) NAS
5 4 (2.82%) SMS
5 4 (2.82%) Telnet
6 3 (2.11%) DMZ
6 3 (2.11%) Firewall
6 3 (2.11%) LAN
6 3 (2.11%) Network Security
6 3 (2.11%) SMTP
6 3 (2.11%) SNMP
6 3 (2.11%) VoIP
6 3 (2.11%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (1.41%) HTTP
7 2 (1.41%) PuTTY
8 1 (0.70%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (22.54%) DB2
2 14 (9.86%) IDMS
3 8 (5.63%) PostgreSQL
4 7 (4.93%) SQL Server
5 5 (3.52%) Adabas
5 5 (3.52%) MySQL
6 4 (2.82%) Amazon Athena
7 3 (2.11%) DB2 UDB
8 2 (1.41%) Big Data
8 2 (1.41%) BusinessObjects
8 2 (1.41%) IBM InfoSphere
8 2 (1.41%) IMS/DB
9 1 (0.70%) Hadoop
9 1 (0.70%) MongoDB
9 1 (0.70%) NoSQL
9 1 (0.70%) NuoDB
9 1 (0.70%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.70%) Redis
Development Applications
1 20 (14.08%) JIRA
2 10 (7.04%) Jenkins
3 8 (5.63%) Cucumber
3 8 (5.63%) Selenium
4 7 (4.93%) Eclipse
4 7 (4.93%) JUnit
5 6 (4.23%) Git (software)
6 5 (3.52%) REST Assured
6 5 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
7 4 (2.82%) Bitbucket
7 4 (2.82%) SonarQube
8 3 (2.11%) Ant
9 2 (1.41%) Gatling
9 2 (1.41%) GitLab
10 1 (0.70%) CA Gen
10 1 (0.70%) CA Release Automation
10 1 (0.70%) Gradle
10 1 (0.70%) IBM UrbanCode
10 1 (0.70%) Octopus Deploy
10 1 (0.70%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 33 (23.24%) Finance
2 29 (20.42%) Banking
3 28 (19.72%) Social Skills
4 5 (3.52%) Public Sector
5 4 (2.82%) Documentation Skills
5 4 (2.82%) Retail
6 3 (2.11%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (2.11%) Automotive
6 3 (2.11%) Marketing
6 3 (2.11%) Police
6 3 (2.11%) Retail Banking
6 3 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.70%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.70%) French Language
7 1 (0.70%) Influencing Skills
7 1 (0.70%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.70%) Law
7 1 (0.70%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.70%) Organisational Skills
7 1 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 20 (14.08%) Architect
1 20 (14.08%) Programmer
2 16 (11.27%) Systems Programmer
3 14 (9.86%) Developer
3 14 (9.86%) Mainframe Programmer
4 12 (8.45%) Analyst
5 10 (7.04%) DBA
5 10 (7.04%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
6 9 (6.34%) Consultant
6 9 (6.34%) Network Programmer
7 8 (5.63%) Administrator
8 7 (4.93%) Mainframe DBA
9 6 (4.23%) Java Developer
9 6 (4.23%) Mainframe Consultant
9 6 (4.23%) Mainframe Developer
9 6 (4.23%) Solutions Architect
10 5 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
10 5 (3.52%) Mainframe Architect
10 5 (3.52%) Technical Architect
10 5 (3.52%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (11.27%) Web Services
2 10 (7.04%) Middleware
3 9 (6.34%) HTML
4 8 (5.63%) ISPF
5 7 (4.93%) AngularJS
5 7 (4.93%) Node.js
6 6 (4.23%) JDBC
6 6 (4.23%) JSON
6 6 (4.23%) SailPoint
7 5 (3.52%) LDAP
7 5 (3.52%) WebSphere MQ
7 5 (3.52%) XML
8 4 (2.82%) EJB
8 4 (2.82%) Java EE
8 4 (2.82%) JAX-RS
8 4 (2.82%) JPA
8 4 (2.82%) JTA
8 4 (2.82%) MicroProfile
9 3 (2.11%) 802.1X
9 3 (2.11%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 15 (10.56%) IBM Mainframe
2 8 (5.63%) Public Cloud
3 5 (3.52%) VSAM
4 4 (2.82%) Private Cloud
5 3 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
5 3 (2.11%) PKI
5 3 (2.11%) Virtual Team
6 2 (1.41%) Clustering
6 2 (1.41%) Data Centre
6 2 (1.41%) iSeries
6 2 (1.41%) LPAR
6 2 (1.41%) Tandem
7 1 (0.70%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (0.70%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.70%) EFT
7 1 (0.70%) EMC VMAX
7 1 (0.70%) Management Information System
7 1 (0.70%) Online Banking
7 1 (0.70%) Replication
7 1 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 37 (26.06%) zOS
2 24 (16.90%) MVS
3 18 (12.68%) Linux
4 14 (9.86%) Windows
5 11 (7.75%) Unix
6 5 (3.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (1.41%) AIX
7 2 (1.41%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 32 (22.54%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (17.61%) DevOps
3 20 (14.08%) Test Automation
4 19 (13.38%) Migration
5 16 (11.27%) Scrum
6 14 (9.86%) Software Testing
7 13 (9.15%) Continuous Integration
7 13 (9.15%) Problem-Solving
7 13 (9.15%) Software Engineering
8 10 (7.04%) Microservices
8 10 (7.04%) Stakeholder Management
9 9 (6.34%) Coaching
10 8 (5.63%) Configuration Management
10 8 (5.63%) Mentoring
10 8 (5.63%) Project Management
11 7 (4.93%) Analytics
11 7 (4.93%) Data Modelling
11 7 (4.93%) Disaster Recovery
11 7 (4.93%) Enterprise Architecture
11 7 (4.93%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 23 (16.20%) COBOL
2 21 (14.79%) JCL
3 17 (11.97%) Java
3 17 (11.97%) REXX
4 13 (9.15%) SQL
5 9 (6.34%) Assembly Language
6 7 (4.93%) C
6 7 (4.93%) Python
7 5 (3.52%) JavaScript
7 5 (3.52%) Natural
8 4 (2.82%) PowerShell
8 4 (2.82%) Shell Script
9 3 (2.11%) BeanShell
9 3 (2.11%) Bourne shell
9 3 (2.11%) Korn
9 3 (2.11%) Perl
9 3 (2.11%) VBA
10 2 (1.41%) Bash Shell
10 2 (1.41%) PHP
11 1 (0.70%) ALGOL
Qualifications
1 11 (7.75%) Security Cleared
2 9 (6.34%) SC Cleared
3 4 (2.82%) CISSP
3 4 (2.82%) Degree
3 4 (2.82%) IBM Certification
4 3 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (2.11%) GIAC
4 3 (2.11%) TOGAF Certification
5 2 (1.41%) ISEB
5 2 (1.41%) ISTQB
5 2 (1.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.70%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.70%) CISM
6 1 (0.70%) CRISC
6 1 (0.70%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.70%) ITIL Certification
6 1 (0.70%) MCP
6 1 (0.70%) OCP
6 1 (0.70%) Oracle Certification
6 1 (0.70%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (1.41%) QA
3 1 (0.70%) ISO 8583
3 1 (0.70%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.70%) PMO
System Software
1 22 (15.49%) RACF
2 9 (6.34%) Docker
2 9 (6.34%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 6 (4.23%) Active Directory
4 5 (3.52%) ACF2
4 5 (3.52%) Time Sharing Option
5 3 (2.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 3 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (1.41%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.70%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.70%) SRDF
7 1 (0.70%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 18 (12.68%) Tivoli NetView
2 8 (5.63%) Kubernetes
3 5 (3.52%) Ansible
4 4 (2.82%) Tivoli
5 3 (2.11%) Control-M
6 2 (1.41%) Forum Sentry
6 2 (1.41%) Nagios
6 2 (1.41%) OMEGAMON
6 2 (1.41%) Puppet
6 2 (1.41%) Red Hat Satellite
6 2 (1.41%) RSA Archer
6 2 (1.41%) SCOM
6 2 (1.41%) Terraform
6 2 (1.41%) zSecure
7 1 (0.70%) CA Endevor
7 1 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.70%) Tivoli Monitoring
Vendors
1 56 (39.44%) IBM
2 14 (9.86%) Oracle
3 13 (9.15%) CA
4 10 (7.04%) SAP
5 9 (6.34%) Broadcom
6 8 (5.63%) Red Hat
7 5 (3.52%) Fujitsu
7 5 (3.52%) Microsoft
8 4 (2.82%) ServiceNow
8 4 (2.82%) Unisys
9 3 (2.11%) BMC
9 3 (2.11%) Brocade
9 3 (2.11%) Centrify
9 3 (2.11%) Compuware
9 3 (2.11%) EMC
9 3 (2.11%) Software AG
9 3 (2.11%) Splunk
9 3 (2.11%) VMware
9 3 (2.11%) Workday
10 2 (1.41%) Sun