Period
to 19 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 532 405 619
Rank change year-on-year -127 +214 -101
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 218 91 177
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.32% 0.34% 0.23%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.06% 1.05% 0.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 35 93
10th Percentile £330 £287 £264
25th Percentile £405 £355 £346
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +17.65% - -
75th Percentile £575 £488 £519
90th Percentile £653 £563 £600
UK median daily rate £496 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +16.68% -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 1
Median hourly rate - £19.25 £46.67
Median % change year-on-year - -58.75% +191.69%
UK median hourly rate - £19.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year - -48.67% +134.38%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 20,654 8,658 22,363
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.65% 32.27% 28.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,603 5,968 14,863
10th Percentile £300 £275 £275
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £619 £588
90th Percentile £729 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 622 262 773
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.25 £11.39
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.08 £30.43 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -20.85% +48.41% +1.23%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £63.75 £61.25 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.88 £20.50
% change year-on-year -7.00% +31.13% +2.50%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Daily rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Hourly rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -139 105 £550 +23.60% 10
North of England -60 36 £425 +30.77% 3
South East -93 25 £463 +2.78% 2
North West -48 24 £424 +75.77% 1
Midlands -65 18 £350 -26.32% 2
West Midlands -52 13 £400 -11.11% 2
Yorkshire -42 8 £413 +10.00% 1
South West -44 5 £563 -19.64%
East Midlands - 5 £325 -
North East - 4 £525 - 1
East of England -44 1 £438 +2.94%
Mainframe
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 75 (34.40%) IBM
2 56 (25.69%) DB2
3 52 (23.85%) CICS
4 51 (23.39%) zOS
4 51 (23.39%) COBOL
5 49 (22.48%) Finance
6 48 (22.02%) Agile Software Development
7 46 (21.10%) Social Skills
8 44 (20.18%) Banking
9 36 (16.51%) JCL
10 35 (16.06%) Migration
10 35 (16.06%) DevOps
11 27 (12.39%) JIRA
11 27 (12.39%) Stakeholder Management
11 27 (12.39%) RACF
12 26 (11.93%) REXX
13 25 (11.47%) Scrum
14 24 (11.01%) Software Engineering
15 23 (10.55%) IDMS
16 22 (10.09%) CA
17 21 (9.63%) SQL
18 20 (9.17%) Oracle
18 20 (9.17%) Software Testing
19 19 (8.72%) ITIL
19 19 (8.72%) Middleware
19 19 (8.72%) Project Management
20 18 (8.26%) Unix
20 18 (8.26%) Linux
20 18 (8.26%) Data Modelling
20 18 (8.26%) IBM Mainframe

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (23.85%) CICS
2 17 (7.80%) Confluence
2 17 (7.80%) SAS
3 5 (2.29%) Tomcat
4 3 (1.38%) Apache
4 3 (1.38%) Elasticsearch
4 3 (1.38%) SharePoint
4 3 (1.38%) WebSphere
5 2 (0.92%) Apache Pig
5 2 (0.92%) Apache Spark
5 2 (0.92%) CMS
5 2 (0.92%) IIS
5 2 (0.92%) JBoss
5 2 (0.92%) Oracle HTTP Server
5 2 (0.92%) Red Hat Fuse
6 1 (0.46%) GlassFish
6 1 (0.46%) MQSeries
6 1 (0.46%) OpenStack
6 1 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.46%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 15 (6.88%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (5.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (3.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (1.38%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.38%) BASE24
1 3 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.46%) Postilion
2 1 (0.46%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.46%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
2 1 (0.46%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.46%) Teamcenter
2 1 (0.46%) VisionPLUS
2 1 (0.46%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 18 (8.26%) AWS
2 7 (3.21%) Azure
3 5 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
4 4 (1.83%) Amazon S3
5 3 (1.38%) Power Platform
5 3 (1.38%) SaaS
6 2 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 2 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (0.92%) Amazon ElastiCache
6 2 (0.92%) Amazon ELB
6 2 (0.92%) Apigee
6 2 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
6 2 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
6 2 (0.92%) CloudFront
6 2 (0.92%) IaaS
6 2 (0.92%) PaaS
6 2 (0.92%) Route 53
6 2 (0.92%) Serverless
7 1 (0.46%) Datadog
7 1 (0.46%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 11 (5.05%) SAN
2 9 (4.13%) NAS
3 6 (2.75%) SNA
4 5 (2.29%) Internet
5 4 (1.83%) Firewall
5 4 (1.83%) Intranet
5 4 (1.83%) Network Security
5 4 (1.83%) SSL
6 3 (1.38%) ATM
6 3 (1.38%) DMZ
6 3 (1.38%) HTTP
6 3 (1.38%) PuTTY
6 3 (1.38%) SMS
6 3 (1.38%) VoIP
6 3 (1.38%) Wi-Fi
7 1 (0.46%) LAN
7 1 (0.46%) SNMP
7 1 (0.46%) tcpdump
7 1 (0.46%) VPN
7 1 (0.46%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (25.69%) DB2
2 23 (10.55%) IDMS
3 11 (5.05%) Adabas
4 10 (4.59%) SQL Server
5 7 (3.21%) MySQL
5 7 (3.21%) Oracle Database
5 7 (3.21%) Relational Database
6 6 (2.75%) PostgreSQL
7 5 (2.29%) RDBMS
8 4 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
8 4 (1.83%) DB2 UDB
9 3 (1.38%) Hadoop
9 3 (1.38%) Power BI
10 2 (0.92%) Apache Hive
10 2 (0.92%) Data Lake
10 2 (0.92%) HBase
10 2 (0.92%) Parquet
10 2 (0.92%) SAS Data Integration Studio
10 2 (0.92%) SAS Enterprise Guide
10 2 (0.92%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 27 (12.39%) JIRA
2 10 (4.59%) Selenium
3 6 (2.75%) Jenkins
4 5 (2.29%) Git (software)
4 5 (2.29%) GitLab
4 5 (2.29%) Mocha
5 4 (1.83%) Cucumber
5 4 (1.83%) Eclipse
5 4 (1.83%) JUnit
5 4 (1.83%) webpack
6 3 (1.38%) Ant
6 3 (1.38%) Artifactory
6 3 (1.38%) Bitbucket
6 3 (1.38%) SonarQube
7 2 (0.92%) Gatling
7 2 (0.92%) Maven
7 2 (0.92%) REST Assured
7 2 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
7 2 (0.92%) XPEDITER
8 1 (0.46%) IBM UrbanCode
General
1 49 (22.48%) Finance
2 46 (21.10%) Social Skills
3 44 (20.18%) Banking
4 14 (6.42%) Public Sector
5 8 (3.67%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (2.29%) Influencing Skills
6 5 (2.29%) Manufacturing
6 5 (2.29%) Retail
7 4 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
7 4 (1.83%) Retail Banking
8 3 (1.38%) Law
9 2 (0.92%) Documentation Skills
10 1 (0.46%) Automotive
10 1 (0.46%) French Language
10 1 (0.46%) Organisational Skills
10 1 (0.46%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 23 (10.55%) Architect
1 23 (10.55%) Developer
2 20 (9.17%) Analyst
3 19 (8.72%) Consultant
4 18 (8.26%) Project Manager
5 12 (5.50%) Administrator
5 12 (5.50%) Programmer
6 10 (4.59%) DBA
6 10 (4.59%) Systems Programmer
7 9 (4.13%) Solutions Architect
7 9 (4.13%) Tester
8 8 (3.67%) Mainframe Consultant
9 7 (3.21%) COBOL Developer
9 7 (3.21%) Mainframe Programmer
10 6 (2.75%) Mainframe Analyst
10 6 (2.75%) Mainframe Developer
10 6 (2.75%) Mainframe Project Manager
10 6 (2.75%) Software Engineer
11 5 (2.29%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
11 5 (2.29%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (8.72%) Middleware
2 13 (5.96%) ISPF
3 9 (4.13%) HTML
4 8 (3.67%) Web Services
5 7 (3.21%) REST
6 6 (2.75%) Kafka
6 6 (2.75%) XML
7 5 (2.29%) Jest
7 5 (2.29%) SOAP
8 4 (1.83%) CSS
8 4 (1.83%) Enzyme
8 4 (1.83%) JSON
8 4 (1.83%) Node.js
8 4 (1.83%) React
8 4 (1.83%) Redux
9 3 (1.38%) AngularJS
9 3 (1.38%) JSP
9 3 (1.38%) LDAP
9 3 (1.38%) SAML
9 3 (1.38%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 18 (8.26%) IBM Mainframe
2 12 (5.50%) Data Protection Act
3 8 (3.67%) Legacy Systems
3 8 (3.67%) VSAM
4 7 (3.21%) Tandem
5 6 (2.75%) Client/Server
6 5 (2.29%) Replication
7 4 (1.83%) EMC VMAX
7 4 (1.83%) Industry 4.0
7 4 (1.83%) Internet of Things
8 3 (1.38%) DataPower
8 3 (1.38%) iSeries
8 3 (1.38%) Legacy Applications
8 3 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (1.38%) Management Information System
8 3 (1.38%) PKI
8 3 (1.38%) Virtual Team
9 2 (0.92%) AS400
9 2 (0.92%) Clustering
9 2 (0.92%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 51 (23.39%) zOS
2 18 (8.26%) Linux
2 18 (8.26%) Unix
3 16 (7.34%) MVS
4 13 (5.96%) Windows
5 7 (3.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (1.83%) AIX
7 2 (0.92%) VME
8 1 (0.46%) OS/400
8 1 (0.46%) Solaris
8 1 (0.46%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (22.02%) Agile Software Development
2 35 (16.06%) DevOps
2 35 (16.06%) Migration
3 27 (12.39%) Stakeholder Management
4 25 (11.47%) Scrum
5 24 (11.01%) Software Engineering
6 20 (9.17%) Software Testing
7 19 (8.72%) ITIL
7 19 (8.72%) Project Management
8 18 (8.26%) Data Modelling
9 17 (7.80%) Business Intelligence
9 17 (7.80%) Problem-Solving
10 16 (7.34%) Analytics
10 16 (7.34%) Coaching
10 16 (7.34%) Test Automation
11 15 (6.88%) Configuration Management
11 15 (6.88%) Data Analytics
12 14 (6.42%) Process Improvement
13 13 (5.96%) Mentoring
13 13 (5.96%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 51 (23.39%) COBOL
2 36 (16.51%) JCL
3 26 (11.93%) REXX
4 21 (9.63%) SQL
5 17 (7.80%) Java
6 11 (5.05%) Natural
7 9 (4.13%) JavaScript
8 8 (3.67%) Bash Shell
8 8 (3.67%) Shell Script
9 7 (3.21%) Perl
9 7 (3.21%) PowerShell
9 7 (3.21%) Python
10 3 (1.38%) Assembly Language
10 3 (1.38%) BeanShell
10 3 (1.38%) Bourne shell
10 3 (1.38%) C
10 3 (1.38%) Korn
10 3 (1.38%) Micro Focus COBOL
11 2 (0.92%) CLIST
11 2 (0.92%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 16 (7.34%) SC Cleared
1 16 (7.34%) Security Cleared
2 6 (2.75%) Degree
2 6 (2.75%) ITIL Certification
3 5 (2.29%) CISSP
3 5 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.83%) IBM Certification
4 4 (1.83%) PRINCE2 Certification
5 3 (1.38%) GIAC
5 3 (1.38%) ISEB
5 3 (1.38%) ISTQB
5 3 (1.38%) TOGAF Certification
6 2 (0.92%) CISA
6 2 (0.92%) CISM
6 2 (0.92%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 2 (0.92%) MCP
6 2 (0.92%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.46%) CEH
7 1 (0.46%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.29%) SLA
2 4 (1.83%) GRC
2 4 (1.83%) ISO 22301
2 4 (1.83%) QA
3 3 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.92%) GDPR
5 1 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.46%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.46%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.46%) SEPA
System Software
1 27 (12.39%) RACF
2 16 (7.34%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 12 (5.50%) Time Sharing Option
4 5 (2.29%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 4 (1.83%) Active Directory
5 4 (1.83%) SRDF
6 3 (1.38%) Docker
7 2 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.46%) ACF2
8 1 (0.46%) Firmware
8 1 (0.46%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 12 (5.50%) Tivoli NetView
2 6 (2.75%) Control-M
2 6 (2.75%) Tivoli
3 3 (1.38%) Kubernetes
4 2 (0.92%) Ansible
4 2 (0.92%) Forum Sentry
4 2 (0.92%) OMEGAMON
4 2 (0.92%) Terraform
5 1 (0.46%) CA Endevor
5 1 (0.46%) CA Service Virtualization
5 1 (0.46%) Dollar Universe
5 1 (0.46%) Kibana
5 1 (0.46%) logstash
5 1 (0.46%) Nagios
5 1 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.46%) Puppet
5 1 (0.46%) SCCM
5 1 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.46%) Tivoli Monitoring
Vendors
1 75 (34.40%) IBM
2 22 (10.09%) CA
3 20 (9.17%) Oracle
4 14 (6.42%) Broadcom
5 12 (5.50%) Microsoft
6 9 (4.13%) Fujitsu
7 8 (3.67%) Red Hat
7 8 (3.67%) SAP
8 6 (2.75%) VMware
9 4 (1.83%) EMC
9 4 (1.83%) ServiceNow
9 4 (1.83%) Unisys
10 3 (1.38%) Guidewire
10 3 (1.38%) Hitachi
10 3 (1.38%) Micro Focus
10 3 (1.38%) Progress
10 3 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.92%) Cloudera
11 2 (0.92%) ICL
11 2 (0.92%) Remedy