Period
to 21 November 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 625 505 626
Rank change year-on-year -120 +121 -266
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 144 389 248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.19% 0.41% 0.26%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.60% 1.25% 0.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 75 232 151
England median daily rate £475 £425 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% -5.56% -
10th Percentile £273 £290 £275
90th Percentile £665 £650 £600
UK median daily rate £469 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +10.29% -5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 3
England median hourly rate - £16.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -41.82% -15.12%
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £16.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year +134.38% -41.82% -15.12%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,819 31,077 31,590
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.39% 32.66% 33.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,285 20,573 20,986
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £278 £263
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £465 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 937 963 939
England median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% - -
10th Percentile £11.85 £12.25 £11.18
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.75 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England 0 45 £438 +16.67% 3
London -14 36 £565 +6.35% 8
South East +3 27 £375 +13.56% 15
South West -3 20 £481 +9.38% 1
North West +10 16 £450 +9.02% 2
Yorkshire +3 15 £425 +19.30%
North East +28 14 £525 +77.97% 1
Midlands +10 6 £369 +15.23% 2
East of England +2 6 £513 +5.13%
East Midlands +2 4 £369 +12.39% 1
West Midlands +28 2 £413 +34.69% 1
Mainframe
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 35 (24.31%) IBM
2 31 (21.53%) Agile Software Development
3 29 (20.14%) Migration
3 29 (20.14%) Java
3 29 (20.14%) Unix
4 26 (18.06%) Finance
5 25 (17.36%) SQL
6 24 (16.67%) Windows
7 22 (15.28%) Oracle
7 22 (15.28%) DB2
8 21 (14.58%) Linux
9 19 (13.19%) Banking
10 16 (11.11%) COBOL
11 15 (10.42%) Scrum
12 14 (9.72%) Web Services
12 14 (9.72%) JCL
12 14 (9.72%) Test Automation
12 14 (9.72%) Project Delivery
13 13 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
13 13 (9.03%) IBM Mainframe
13 13 (9.03%) Azure
13 13 (9.03%) Jenkins
13 13 (9.03%) Middleware
13 13 (9.03%) zOS
14 12 (8.33%) ITIL
15 11 (7.64%) JavaScript
15 11 (7.64%) RACF
15 11 (7.64%) CICS
15 11 (7.64%) Change Management
15 11 (7.64%) Data Analysis

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (7.64%) CICS
2 6 (4.17%) SAS
3 3 (2.08%) Confluence
3 3 (2.08%) GlassFish
3 3 (2.08%) WebLogic
3 3 (2.08%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.39%) MQSeries
4 2 (1.39%) MS Exchange
4 2 (1.39%) Oracle Service Bus
5 1 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.69%) Drupal
5 1 (0.69%) IBM Transformation Extender
5 1 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.69%) Tomcat
Applications
1 4 (2.78%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (2.78%) Zeplin
2 2 (1.39%) Chatbot
2 2 (1.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (1.39%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.69%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (2.78%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.69%) Finacle
2 1 (0.69%) PeopleSoft HCM
2 1 (0.69%) SAP Business One
2 1 (0.69%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 13 (9.03%) Azure
2 11 (7.64%) AWS
3 3 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
3 3 (2.08%) GCP
3 3 (2.08%) IaaS
3 3 (2.08%) PaaS
3 3 (2.08%) SaaS
4 2 (1.39%) GitHub
4 2 (1.39%) OpenShift
5 1 (0.69%) Google Docs
5 1 (0.69%) IBM Cloud
5 1 (0.69%) Office 365
5 1 (0.69%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 6 (4.17%) HTTPS
1 6 (4.17%) SSL
2 5 (3.47%) DMZ
3 4 (2.78%) OpenLDAP
4 3 (2.08%) LAN
4 3 (2.08%) SAN
4 3 (2.08%) WAN
5 2 (1.39%) Internet
5 2 (1.39%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.69%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.69%) Firewall
6 1 (0.69%) HTTP
6 1 (0.69%) IP Telephony
6 1 (0.69%) NAS
6 1 (0.69%) Network Security
6 1 (0.69%) Skype
6 1 (0.69%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (15.28%) DB2
2 7 (4.86%) Oracle Database
3 5 (3.47%) GIS
3 5 (3.47%) Oracle Reports
4 4 (2.78%) SQL Server
5 3 (2.08%) MySQL
5 3 (2.08%) RDBMS
5 3 (2.08%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.39%) Big Data
6 2 (1.39%) MariaDB
6 2 (1.39%) MS Access
6 2 (1.39%) Oracle BI Publisher
6 2 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.69%) Adabas
7 1 (0.69%) BusinessObjects
7 1 (0.69%) DB2 UDB
7 1 (0.69%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.69%) Oracle Discoverer
7 1 (0.69%) QlikView
7 1 (0.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 13 (9.03%) Jenkins
2 9 (6.25%) JIRA
3 8 (5.56%) GitLab
4 6 (4.17%) Git (software)
4 6 (4.17%) Selenium
5 4 (2.78%) JUnit
5 4 (2.78%) Xcode
6 3 (2.08%) Subversion
7 2 (1.39%) Gradle
7 2 (1.39%) Team Foundation Server
7 2 (1.39%) Zephyr
8 1 (0.69%) Ant
8 1 (0.69%) Appium
8 1 (0.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (0.69%) CA Release Automation
8 1 (0.69%) Fiddler
8 1 (0.69%) JBehave
8 1 (0.69%) Maven
8 1 (0.69%) NetBeans
8 1 (0.69%) SilkPerformer
General
1 26 (18.06%) Finance
2 19 (13.19%) Banking
3 11 (7.64%) Public Sector
4 10 (6.94%) Retail
5 2 (1.39%) Financial Institution
5 2 (1.39%) Investment Banking
5 2 (1.39%) Law
5 2 (1.39%) Legal
5 2 (1.39%) Manufacturing
5 2 (1.39%) Telecoms
6 1 (0.69%) Back Office
6 1 (0.69%) Front Office
6 1 (0.69%) Prime Brokerage
6 1 (0.69%) Publishing
6 1 (0.69%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 24 (16.67%) Developer
2 22 (15.28%) Analyst
3 20 (13.89%) Architect
4 16 (11.11%) Administrator
5 11 (7.64%) Consultant
6 8 (5.56%) Solutions Architect
7 7 (4.86%) Java Developer
7 7 (4.86%) Technical Analyst
7 7 (4.86%) Tester
8 6 (4.17%) COBOL Developer
8 6 (4.17%) Data Analyst
8 6 (4.17%) IT Support
9 5 (3.47%) Business Analyst
9 5 (3.47%) Mainframe Support
9 5 (3.47%) Manual Tester
9 5 (3.47%) Software Developer
9 5 (3.47%) Technical Business Analyst
10 4 (2.78%) Infrastructure Architect
10 4 (2.78%) Security Architect
10 4 (2.78%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (9.72%) Web Services
2 13 (9.03%) Middleware
3 10 (6.94%) CSS
3 10 (6.94%) HTML
4 7 (4.86%) XML
5 6 (4.17%) ISPF
6 5 (3.47%) .NET
6 5 (3.47%) LDAP
6 5 (3.47%) REST
6 5 (3.47%) SOAP
6 5 (3.47%) Spring
7 4 (2.78%) AngularJS
8 3 (2.08%) Spring Boot
9 2 (1.39%) ASP.NET Web API
9 2 (1.39%) jQuery
9 2 (1.39%) Node.js
9 2 (1.39%) RESTful
9 2 (1.39%) WebSphere MQ
10 1 (0.69%) J2EE
10 1 (0.69%) WSDL
Miscellaneous
1 13 (9.03%) IBM Mainframe
2 10 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (6.94%) Data Centre
3 8 (5.56%) AS400
4 7 (4.86%) Clustering
4 7 (4.86%) iSeries
5 5 (3.47%) Client/Server
5 5 (3.47%) Mobile App
6 4 (2.78%) FMCG
6 4 (2.78%) Management Information System
6 4 (2.78%) VSAM
7 3 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.39%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.39%) Enterprise Storage
8 2 (1.39%) Public Cloud
9 1 (0.69%) Private Cloud
9 1 (0.69%) Robotics
9 1 (0.69%) User Experience
9 1 (0.69%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 29 (20.14%) Unix
2 24 (16.67%) Windows
3 21 (14.58%) Linux
4 13 (9.03%) zOS
5 8 (5.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (5.56%) VME
6 5 (3.47%) Apple iOS
6 5 (3.47%) Windows Server
7 4 (2.78%) Android
7 4 (2.78%) MVS
8 2 (1.39%) AIX
8 2 (1.39%) HPUX
8 2 (1.39%) Solaris
9 1 (0.69%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (21.53%) Agile Software Development
2 29 (20.14%) Migration
3 15 (10.42%) Scrum
4 14 (9.72%) Project Delivery
4 14 (9.72%) Test Automation
5 13 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
6 12 (8.33%) ITIL
7 11 (7.64%) Change Management
7 11 (7.64%) Data Analysis
8 10 (6.94%) Continuous Integration
9 9 (6.25%) DevOps
10 8 (5.56%) Data Mapping
10 8 (5.56%) Data Modelling
10 8 (5.56%) Stakeholder Management
10 8 (5.56%) Unit Testing
11 7 (4.86%) Test Scripting
12 6 (4.17%) BDD
12 6 (4.17%) MVC
12 6 (4.17%) TOGAF
13 5 (3.47%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 29 (20.14%) Java
2 25 (17.36%) SQL
3 16 (11.11%) COBOL
4 14 (9.72%) JCL
5 11 (7.64%) JavaScript
6 6 (4.17%) Assembly Language
7 5 (3.47%) Python
7 5 (3.47%) REXX
8 4 (2.78%) C#
9 3 (2.08%) C
9 3 (2.08%) Go
9 3 (2.08%) Ruby
9 3 (2.08%) VB
10 2 (1.39%) PHP
10 2 (1.39%) PL/SQL
10 2 (1.39%) PowerShell
10 2 (1.39%) RPG
10 2 (1.39%) VB.NET
11 1 (0.69%) ActionScript
11 1 (0.69%) Perl
Qualifications
1 10 (6.94%) Security Cleared
2 9 (6.25%) SC Cleared
3 6 (4.17%) ITIL Certification
4 4 (2.78%) CISSP
5 3 (2.08%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (2.08%) CISM
5 3 (2.08%) ISTQB
6 2 (1.39%) ISEB
7 1 (0.69%) CISA
7 1 (0.69%) Degree
7 1 (0.69%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.69%) HND
7 1 (0.69%) ISEB Practitioner
7 1 (0.69%) ISSAP
7 1 (0.69%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.78%) QA
2 2 (1.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (1.39%) SLA
3 1 (0.69%) COBIT
3 1 (0.69%) COSO
3 1 (0.69%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.69%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.69%) ISO 8583
3 1 (0.69%) NIST
3 1 (0.69%) PSD2
System Software
1 11 (7.64%) RACF
2 6 (4.17%) Time Sharing Option
3 5 (3.47%) ACF2
3 5 (3.47%) Active Directory
4 4 (2.78%) Docker
5 2 (1.39%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (1.39%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (1.39%) VMware NSX
5 2 (1.39%) vSphere
6 1 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 9 (6.25%) Tivoli
2 6 (4.17%) Control-M
3 5 (3.47%) Opscode Chef
3 5 (3.47%) Puppet
4 4 (2.78%) Ansible
4 4 (2.78%) CA Endevor
4 4 (2.78%) OMEGAMON
4 4 (2.78%) zSecure
5 2 (1.39%) MAINVIEW
5 2 (1.39%) vRealize Orchestrator
6 1 (0.69%) BladeLogic
6 1 (0.69%) Failover Clustering
6 1 (0.69%) HP Quality Center
6 1 (0.69%) Kubernetes
6 1 (0.69%) NetBackup
6 1 (0.69%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 1 (0.69%) Tivoli Monitoring
6 1 (0.69%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 35 (24.31%) IBM
2 22 (15.28%) Oracle
3 10 (6.94%) Microsoft
4 7 (4.86%) CA
4 7 (4.86%) Red Hat
4 7 (4.86%) SAP
5 6 (4.17%) EMC
5 6 (4.17%) NetApp
6 5 (3.47%) VMware
7 4 (2.78%) Google
7 4 (2.78%) Micro Focus
7 4 (2.78%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (2.08%) CyberArk
8 3 (2.08%) ICL
8 3 (2.08%) Remedy
9 2 (1.39%) BMC
9 2 (1.39%) Cisco
9 2 (1.39%) HP
9 2 (1.39%) Pega
10 1 (0.69%) Citrix