Period
to 19 January 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 19 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 560 405 311
Rank change year-on-year -155 -94 +87
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 276 499 732
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.30% 0.55% 0.74%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.89% 1.69% 2.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 171 286 370
England median daily rate £450 £438 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% -2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £275 £313
90th Percentile £600 £586 £626
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £450
% change year-on-year +2.27% -2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 15 14
England median hourly rate £18.75 £45.00 £26.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -58.33% +72.25% -5.00%
10th Percentile £14.03 £16.25 £21.25
90th Percentile £26.88 £53.65 £38.23
UK median hourly rate £17.81 £45.00 £26.25
% change year-on-year -60.43% +71.43% +1.94%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 31,053 29,500 32,682
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.65% 32.77% 32.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,017 19,364 21,128
England median daily rate £450 £431 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.41% +1.41% +3.03%
10th Percentile £264 £258 £250
90th Percentile £656 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 863 1,024 1,305
England median hourly rate £21.70 £20.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.85% +2.50% +14.29%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.32 £11.25
90th Percentile £49.15 £47.50 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £21.78 £20.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +6.24% +2.50% +14.29%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -38 100 £439 -12.25% 10
North of England -40 74 £450 +2.27% 15
South East -43 51 £455 +7.69% 9
North West -5 47 £425 -10.53% 11
South West +10 23 £550 +57.14% 8
Yorkshire -16 23 £450 - 3
Midlands -62 16 £399 -4.78% 6
East of England -45 13 £349 +7.31% 2
East Midlands -47 9 £423 +5.63% 3
West Midlands -16 6 £375 -21.05% 3
North East +9 5 - - 1
Mainframe
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 85 (30.80%) Finance
2 84 (30.43%) IBM
3 81 (29.35%) Banking
4 73 (26.45%) Agile Software Development
5 71 (25.72%) Java
6 58 (21.01%) DB2
7 56 (20.29%) Unix
8 49 (17.75%) Linux
9 48 (17.39%) Windows
10 45 (16.30%) SQL
11 36 (13.04%) DevOps
12 34 (12.32%) Oracle
12 34 (12.32%) Migration
13 31 (11.23%) JCL
13 31 (11.23%) IBM Mainframe
14 29 (10.51%) Amazon AWS
15 28 (10.14%) Middleware
16 27 (9.78%) Test Automation
17 26 (9.42%) Analytical Skills
17 26 (9.42%) Microservices
18 25 (9.06%) WebSphere
18 25 (9.06%) JIRA
18 25 (9.06%) CICS
18 25 (9.06%) ITIL
19 24 (8.70%) COBOL
19 24 (8.70%) Web Services
20 23 (8.33%) Stakeholder Management
21 21 (7.61%) Project Management
21 21 (7.61%) Test Scripting
22 20 (7.25%) Node.js

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (9.06%) CICS
1 25 (9.06%) WebSphere
2 14 (5.07%) Tomcat
3 12 (4.35%) IIS
4 11 (3.99%) Apache
5 8 (2.90%) WebSphere Application Server
6 6 (2.17%) Confluence
7 5 (1.81%) JBoss
7 5 (1.81%) SAS
8 3 (1.09%) MQSeries
9 2 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.72%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.72%) Oracle Application Server
9 2 (0.72%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.72%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.36%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.36%) Gentran
10 1 (0.36%) Mule
10 1 (0.36%) WildFly
Applications
1 6 (2.17%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (1.09%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.72%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 29 (10.51%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (5.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (3.26%) Adobe Analytics
3 9 (3.26%) GitHub
4 8 (2.90%) Bluemix
4 8 (2.90%) IBM Cloud
4 8 (2.90%) PaaS
5 7 (2.54%) Amazon EC2
5 7 (2.54%) Amazon S3
5 7 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
5 7 (2.54%) Serverless
6 5 (1.81%) BrowserStack
7 3 (1.09%) IaaS
7 3 (1.09%) OpenShift
7 3 (1.09%) SaaS
8 1 (0.36%) Azure Machine Learning
8 1 (0.36%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 19 (6.88%) Firewall
2 12 (4.35%) HTTP
3 10 (3.62%) BIG-IP
3 10 (3.62%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
4 6 (2.17%) SSL
5 5 (1.81%) DNS
5 5 (1.81%) Internet
5 5 (1.81%) LAN
5 5 (1.81%) WAN
6 4 (1.45%) FTP
7 3 (1.09%) MPLS
7 3 (1.09%) Network Security
7 3 (1.09%) Unified Communications
7 3 (1.09%) VPLS
8 2 (0.72%) SSH
8 2 (0.72%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.36%) NAS
9 1 (0.36%) SAN
9 1 (0.36%) SNMP
9 1 (0.36%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (21.01%) DB2
2 9 (3.26%) SQL Server
3 7 (2.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 5 (1.81%) Big Data
5 3 (1.09%) Adabas
5 3 (1.09%) OLTP
5 3 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
6 2 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (0.72%) IDMS
6 2 (0.72%) MS Access
6 2 (0.72%) Oracle Database
6 2 (0.72%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.36%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (0.36%) Base SAS
7 1 (0.36%) Blockchain
7 1 (0.36%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.36%) IBM InfoSphere
7 1 (0.36%) KNIME
7 1 (0.36%) SAS EBI
7 1 (0.36%) SAS Enterprise Guide
Development Applications
1 25 (9.06%) JIRA
2 20 (7.25%) Jenkins
3 19 (6.88%) TeamCity
4 17 (6.16%) Bitbucket
5 14 (5.07%) WebDriver
6 12 (4.35%) Selenium
7 11 (3.99%) HP UFT
7 11 (3.99%) webpack
8 9 (3.26%) Artifactory
9 8 (2.90%) Ant
9 8 (2.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 8 (2.90%) Eclipse
9 8 (2.90%) Gradle
9 8 (2.90%) Maven
9 8 (2.90%) XMLSpy
10 7 (2.54%) Cucumber
11 6 (2.17%) GitLab
11 6 (2.17%) Jasmine
12 5 (1.81%) Zephyr
13 4 (1.45%) IBM UrbanCode
General
1 85 (30.80%) Finance
2 81 (29.35%) Banking
3 19 (6.88%) Retail Banking
4 9 (3.26%) Retail
5 4 (1.45%) Manufacturing
5 4 (1.45%) Private Banking
6 3 (1.09%) Investment Banking
6 3 (1.09%) Law
6 3 (1.09%) Retail Finance
7 2 (0.72%) Advertising
7 2 (0.72%) Local Government
7 2 (0.72%) Marketing
8 1 (0.36%) Automotive
8 1 (0.36%) Back Office
8 1 (0.36%) Billing
8 1 (0.36%) Dutch Language
8 1 (0.36%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.36%) Games
8 1 (0.36%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 47 (17.03%) Analyst
2 45 (16.30%) Developer
3 34 (12.32%) Architect
4 20 (7.25%) Banking Analyst
5 19 (6.88%) Consultant
6 18 (6.52%) Project Manager
6 18 (6.52%) Test Analyst
7 15 (5.43%) Solutions Architect
8 14 (5.07%) Mainframe Analyst
9 11 (3.99%) DevOps Engineer
10 10 (3.62%) Designer
10 10 (3.62%) Support Analyst
10 10 (3.62%) Tester
11 9 (3.26%) Automation Tester
11 9 (3.26%) DBA
11 9 (3.26%) Mainframe Test Analyst
11 9 (3.26%) Programme Manager
12 8 (2.90%) Administrator
12 8 (2.90%) DB2 DBA
12 8 (2.90%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (10.14%) Middleware
2 24 (8.70%) Web Services
3 20 (7.25%) Node.js
3 20 (7.25%) REST
4 19 (6.88%) .NET
5 18 (6.52%) XML
6 17 (6.16%) ISPF
7 14 (5.07%) Spring
8 13 (4.71%) SOAP
9 12 (4.35%) AngularJS
9 12 (4.35%) React
10 11 (3.99%) JSON
11 10 (3.62%) Hibernate
11 10 (3.62%) Spring Boot
12 9 (3.26%) .NET Framework
12 9 (3.26%) J2EE
12 9 (3.26%) WSDL
12 9 (3.26%) XSD
13 8 (2.90%) JDBC
13 8 (2.90%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 31 (11.23%) IBM Mainframe
2 26 (9.42%) Analytical Skills
3 14 (5.07%) DataPower
4 12 (4.35%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (3.62%) AS400
5 10 (3.62%) Management Information System
6 8 (2.90%) Client/Server
6 8 (2.90%) iSeries
7 7 (2.54%) Data Centre
7 7 (2.54%) Virtual Team
8 4 (1.45%) VSAM
9 3 (1.09%) Mobile App
10 2 (0.72%) CESG
10 2 (0.72%) Clustering
10 2 (0.72%) Computer Science
10 2 (0.72%) Data Structures
10 2 (0.72%) Mobile Banking
10 2 (0.72%) Replication
10 2 (0.72%) Robotics
10 2 (0.72%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 56 (20.29%) Unix
2 49 (17.75%) Linux
3 48 (17.39%) Windows
4 18 (6.52%) AIX
5 15 (5.43%) zOS
6 13 (4.71%) Windows Server
7 10 (3.62%) MVS
8 8 (2.90%) Solaris
9 5 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (1.45%) HPUX
10 4 (1.45%) NetWare
11 3 (1.09%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.72%) VME
13 1 (0.36%) CentOS
13 1 (0.36%) OS/2
13 1 (0.36%) VMS
13 1 (0.36%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 73 (26.45%) Agile Software Development
2 36 (13.04%) DevOps
3 34 (12.32%) Migration
4 27 (9.78%) Test Automation
5 26 (9.42%) Microservices
6 25 (9.06%) ITIL
7 23 (8.33%) Stakeholder Management
8 21 (7.61%) Project Management
8 21 (7.61%) Test Scripting
9 18 (6.52%) Scrum
10 16 (5.80%) Change Management
11 13 (4.71%) Data Modelling
12 12 (4.35%) Analytics
12 12 (4.35%) Anti-Money Laundering
12 12 (4.35%) Open Source
12 12 (4.35%) Service Delivery
12 12 (4.35%) SOA
13 11 (3.99%) Continuous Delivery
13 11 (3.99%) TOGAF
13 11 (3.99%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 71 (25.72%) Java
2 45 (16.30%) SQL
3 31 (11.23%) JCL
4 24 (8.70%) COBOL
5 16 (5.80%) JavaScript
6 12 (4.35%) Shell Script
7 11 (3.99%) Python
8 9 (3.26%) Perl
8 9 (3.26%) REXX
9 7 (2.54%) C#
10 6 (2.17%) C
11 5 (1.81%) C++
12 4 (1.45%) PowerShell
13 3 (1.09%) VB
13 3 (1.09%) VBA
14 2 (0.72%) NATURAL
14 2 (0.72%) PL/1
14 2 (0.72%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.36%) PHP
15 1 (0.36%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 17 (6.16%) Degree
1 17 (6.16%) Security Cleared
2 13 (4.71%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.26%) ISTQB
3 9 (3.26%) ITIL Certification
4 5 (1.81%) ISEB
5 4 (1.45%) CISA
6 3 (1.09%) PMI Certification
7 2 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.72%) CISM
7 2 (0.72%) CISSP
7 2 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.72%) CRISC
7 2 (0.72%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (6.88%) QA
2 4 (1.45%) GDPR
2 4 (1.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 3 (1.09%) SLA
4 2 (0.72%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.36%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.36%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.36%) PMO
5 1 (0.36%) Solvency II
System Software
1 14 (5.07%) Docker
2 13 (4.71%) Time Sharing Option
3 12 (4.35%) Active Directory
4 11 (3.99%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (1.81%) RACF
6 4 (1.45%) PowerHA
7 3 (1.09%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 2 (0.72%) Tivoli Directory Server
8 2 (0.72%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.36%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.36%) GridGain
9 1 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.36%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 10 (3.62%) Puppet
2 9 (3.26%) Ansible
3 8 (2.90%) Kubernetes
3 8 (2.90%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (1.81%) CA Endevor
5 4 (1.45%) MAINVIEW
5 4 (1.45%) Tivoli
6 3 (1.09%) Control-M
7 2 (0.72%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.72%) MOM
7 2 (0.72%) PowerBroker
7 2 (0.72%) Terraform
8 1 (0.36%) BMC PATROL
8 1 (0.36%) Tivoli Monitoring
8 1 (0.36%) Tivoli NetView
8 1 (0.36%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 1 (0.36%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.36%) zSecure
Vendors
1 84 (30.43%) IBM
2 34 (12.32%) Oracle
3 14 (5.07%) Microsoft
4 13 (4.71%) Citrix
5 11 (3.99%) F5
6 10 (3.62%) SAP
7 9 (3.26%) Adobe
7 9 (3.26%) Green Hat
7 9 (3.26%) MuleSoft
8 8 (2.90%) Software AG
8 8 (2.90%) webMethods
9 7 (2.54%) BMC
10 6 (2.17%) CyberArk
10 6 (2.17%) Red Hat
11 5 (1.81%) Ab Initio
11 5 (1.81%) AppDynamics
11 5 (1.81%) HP
11 5 (1.81%) ServiceNow
11 5 (1.81%) VMware
12 4 (1.45%) Unisys