The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 3 months to 26 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK / England
3 months to
26 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 393 359 349
Rank change year-on-year -34 -10  
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 191 286 283
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.45% 0.56% 0.56%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.33% 1.71% 1.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 105 166 151
Median daily rate £425 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.65%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £318 £250 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £635 £570
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £411 £408
% change year-on-year -2.73% +0.92%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 5
Median hourly rate £28.50 £26.00 £31.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.61% -16.93%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £25.00 £19.20 £12.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.50 £35.40 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.00 £26.00 £21.90
% change year-on-year +19.23% +18.72%  

Mainframe is in the generic IT skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

Generic IT Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 14375 16745 16394
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 33.52% 32.59% 32.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 9459 11189 10162
Median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £275 £251
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £385 £375
% change year-on-year +3.89% +2.66%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 482 504 610
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +20.32%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.33 £12.00 £11.22
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.33 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £23.00 £18.82
% change year-on-year +8.69% +22.24%  

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Mainframe as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Miscellaneous category.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 3 months to 26 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe in England over the 3 months to 26 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in England

Mainframe
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the England region over the 3 months to 26 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 56 £500 - 8
North West +34 51 £448 +19.33% 3
South East +20 41 £395 -6.50% 3
East of England +17 18 £330 -15.11% 1
West Midlands +26 8 £423 -12.88%
Yorkshire -9 7 £418 -7.22% 1
East Midlands -9 5 £406 +22.64% 2
South West -20 4 £400 +14.28% 2
Midlands +7 1 - -
Mainframe
UK

For the 6 months to 26 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 104 (28.81%) Windows
1 104 (28.81%) IBM
2 98 (27.15%) Finance
3 97 (26.87%) Migration
4 91 (25.21%) DB2
5 79 (21.88%) Unix
6 78 (21.61%) SQL
7 72 (19.94%) Banking
8 71 (19.67%) Linux
9 66 (18.28%) Oracle
9 66 (18.28%) Java
10 57 (15.79%) Agile Software Development
11 50 (13.85%) AIX
12 47 (13.02%) JCL
12 47 (13.02%) Data Centre
13 45 (12.47%) COBOL
14 40 (11.08%) Middleware
14 40 (11.08%) Project Management
14 40 (11.08%) Analytical Skills
15 38 (10.53%) IBM Mainframe
16 37 (10.25%) ITIL
16 37 (10.25%) zOS
17 36 (9.97%) Solaris
17 36 (9.97%) Analytics
18 35 (9.70%) Stakeholder Management
19 33 (9.14%) Hadoop
20 31 (8.59%) CICS
20 31 (8.59%) Microsoft
21 30 (8.31%) CA
22 28 (7.76%) Big Data

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (8.59%) CICS
2 13 (3.60%) SAS
3 10 (2.77%) WebLogic
4 8 (2.22%) MS Exchange
5 7 (1.94%) Apache
6 6 (1.66%) WebSphere
7 5 (1.39%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (1.39%) EPiServer
7 5 (1.39%) FileNet
7 5 (1.39%) IIS
8 4 (1.11%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.83%) IBM Notes
9 3 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
9 3 (0.83%) WebSphere Application Server
10 2 (0.55%) GemFire
11 1 (0.28%) CMS
11 1 (0.28%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 16 (4.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (3.88%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (1.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.83%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.83%) Maximo
2 2 (0.55%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.28%) Pega PRPC
Cloud Services
1 12 (3.32%) Amazon AWS
2 3 (0.83%) IBM Cloud
2 3 (0.83%) SaaS
3 2 (0.55%) Amazon S3
3 2 (0.55%) Bluemix
3 2 (0.55%) IaaS
3 2 (0.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 2 (0.55%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 22 (6.09%) SAN
2 15 (4.16%) DNS
2 15 (4.16%) FTP
2 15 (4.16%) WAN
3 14 (3.88%) LAN
4 12 (3.32%) Firewall
5 11 (3.05%) TCP/IP
6 9 (2.49%) HTTPS
7 8 (2.22%) SSL
8 6 (1.66%) HTTP
8 6 (1.66%) LDAP
8 6 (1.66%) PuTTY
8 6 (1.66%) SSH
9 5 (1.39%) Network Security
9 5 (1.39%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (1.11%) MPLS
10 4 (1.11%) tcpdump
11 3 (0.83%) VPN
11 3 (0.83%) X.25
12 2 (0.55%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (25.21%) DB2
2 33 (9.14%) Hadoop
3 28 (7.76%) Big Data
4 18 (4.99%) SQL Server
5 15 (4.16%) Adabas
6 8 (2.22%) Data Warehouse
6 8 (2.22%) Oracle Database
7 7 (1.94%) DataStage
8 5 (1.39%) BusinessObjects
8 5 (1.39%) MongoDB
8 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2000
8 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2005
8 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2008
8 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2012
8 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2014
9 4 (1.11%) NoSQL
9 4 (1.11%) OLTP
9 4 (1.11%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (1.11%) Relational Database
9 4 (1.11%) SAS Data Integration Studio
Development Applications
1 10 (2.77%) SoapUI
2 8 (2.22%) JMeter
3 6 (1.66%) PVCS
4 5 (1.39%) JIRA
4 5 (1.39%) Talend Open Studio
5 4 (1.11%) ERwin
5 4 (1.11%) PowerDesigner
5 4 (1.11%) Selenium
6 3 (0.83%) HP UFT
7 2 (0.55%) ChangeMan
7 2 (0.55%) LoadRunner
8 1 (0.28%) Git (software)
8 1 (0.28%) Jenkins
8 1 (0.28%) Maven
8 1 (0.28%) MSTest
8 1 (0.28%) PowerBuilder
8 1 (0.28%) StarTeam
8 1 (0.28%) Subversion
8 1 (0.28%) Toad
8 1 (0.28%) WebDriver
General
1 98 (27.15%) Finance
2 72 (19.94%) Banking
3 17 (4.71%) Retail
4 10 (2.77%) Telecoms
5 8 (2.22%) Automotive
5 8 (2.22%) Financial Institution
5 8 (2.22%) Investment Banking
6 7 (1.94%) Back Office
6 7 (1.94%) Manufacturing
7 6 (1.66%) Marketing
8 5 (1.39%) Billing
9 4 (1.11%) Law
10 3 (0.83%) Electronics
11 2 (0.55%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.28%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.28%) French Language
Job Titles
1 59 (16.34%) Architect
2 56 (15.51%) Analyst
3 51 (14.13%) Developer
4 21 (5.82%) Designer
4 21 (5.82%) Project Manager
5 18 (4.99%) Business Analyst
5 18 (4.99%) Solutions Architect
6 17 (4.71%) Consultant
7 16 (4.43%) Technical Architect
8 14 (3.88%) Data Architect
9 13 (3.60%) Senior Analyst
9 13 (3.60%) Solutions Designer
10 12 (3.32%) Administrator
10 12 (3.32%) Migration Manager
10 12 (3.32%) Test Analyst
11 11 (3.05%) Data Business Analyst
11 11 (3.05%) Data Insight Analyst
11 11 (3.05%) Insight Analyst
11 11 (3.05%) Insight Data Analyst
12 10 (2.77%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (11.08%) Middleware
2 24 (6.65%) .NET
3 19 (5.26%) J2EE
4 18 (4.99%) Web Services
5 17 (4.71%) XML
6 13 (3.60%) SOAP
7 12 (3.32%) ISPF
8 11 (3.05%) JSON
9 10 (2.77%) XML Schema
10 9 (2.49%) JSP
10 9 (2.49%) Servlets
11 8 (2.22%) REST
12 6 (1.66%) JMS
12 6 (1.66%) XSLT
13 4 (1.11%) AngularJS
13 4 (1.11%) Spring
13 4 (1.11%) XML Messaging
13 4 (1.11%) X-Windows
14 3 (0.83%) EDI
14 3 (0.83%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 47 (13.02%) Data Centre
2 40 (11.08%) Analytical Skills
3 38 (10.53%) IBM Mainframe
4 26 (7.20%) Management Information System
5 19 (5.26%) Replication
6 14 (3.88%) Tandem
7 13 (3.60%) iSeries
8 12 (3.32%) iPad
9 11 (3.05%) Clustering
9 11 (3.05%) Computer Science
10 10 (2.77%) Data Structures
11 8 (2.22%) VSAM
12 6 (1.66%) Client/Server
12 6 (1.66%) Credit Risk
12 6 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
12 6 (1.66%) SWIFT
13 4 (1.11%) Cloud Native
13 4 (1.11%) Credit Derivative
13 4 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 4 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 104 (28.81%) Windows
2 79 (21.88%) Unix
3 71 (19.67%) Linux
4 50 (13.85%) AIX
5 37 (10.25%) zOS
6 36 (9.97%) Solaris
7 24 (6.65%) HPUX
8 15 (4.16%) Windows Server
9 13 (3.60%) Windows Vista
10 12 (3.32%) MVS
11 9 (2.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (2.49%) VME
12 5 (1.39%) OS/2
13 3 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.55%) Android
14 2 (0.55%) Apple iOS
14 2 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.28%) OS/390
15 1 (0.28%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.28%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (26.87%) Migration
2 57 (15.79%) Agile Software Development
3 40 (11.08%) Project Management
4 37 (10.25%) ITIL
5 36 (9.97%) Analytics
6 35 (9.70%) Stakeholder Management
7 26 (7.20%) CRM
8 24 (6.65%) Data Analysis
9 23 (6.37%) DevOps
10 22 (6.09%) Data Analytics
11 20 (5.54%) Business Analysis
11 20 (5.54%) Service Management
12 19 (5.26%) Functional Testing
13 17 (4.71%) Customer Analytics
13 17 (4.71%) Problem Management
13 17 (4.71%) Unit Testing
14 16 (4.43%) Data Management
14 16 (4.43%) SOA
14 16 (4.43%) Stakeholder Engagement
15 15 (4.16%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 78 (21.61%) SQL
2 66 (18.28%) Java
3 47 (13.02%) JCL
4 45 (12.47%) COBOL
5 18 (4.99%) Shell Script
6 16 (4.43%) Perl
7 13 (3.60%) C
7 13 (3.60%) VB
8 9 (2.49%) C#
8 9 (2.49%) C++
8 9 (2.49%) R
9 6 (1.66%) T-SQL
10 5 (1.39%) MATLAB
10 5 (1.39%) Python
11 4 (1.11%) NATURAL
12 3 (0.83%) JavaScript
12 3 (0.83%) PL/SQL
12 3 (0.83%) REXX
12 3 (0.83%) Ruby
13 2 (0.55%) Scala
Qualifications
1 25 (6.93%) Security Cleared
2 23 (6.37%) SC Cleared
3 21 (5.82%) Degree
4 7 (1.94%) CISSP
5 5 (1.39%) CISM
5 5 (1.39%) SSCP
6 4 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.83%) ISEB
7 3 (0.83%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.55%) ACCA
8 2 (0.55%) CIMA
8 2 (0.55%) CISA
8 2 (0.55%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.28%) CCNP
9 1 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.28%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.28%) PMP
9 1 (0.28%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 1 (0.28%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.99%) QA
2 8 (2.22%) SLA
3 7 (1.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 4 (1.11%) Basel II
4 4 (1.11%) ISO20022
5 3 (0.83%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.83%) PMO
6 1 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.28%) PMBOK
System Software
1 17 (4.71%) Active Directory
2 13 (3.60%) RACF
2 13 (3.60%) Time Sharing Option
3 12 (3.32%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 11 (3.05%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (1.94%) ACF2
6 6 (1.66%) VMware ESX
6 6 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (1.39%) Job Entry Subsystem
7 5 (1.39%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.28%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.28%) ProxySG
9 1 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.28%) XenApp
9 1 (0.28%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 18 (4.99%) Tivoli
2 14 (3.88%) Tivoli Storage Manager
3 11 (3.05%) OMEGAMON
4 10 (2.77%) zSecure
5 9 (2.49%) CA Endevor
5 9 (2.49%) CA Service Virtualization
6 7 (1.94%) SCOM
7 6 (1.66%) HP Quality Center
7 6 (1.66%) IBM BigFix
7 6 (1.66%) Netcool
8 5 (1.39%) Control-M
9 4 (1.11%) SCCM
9 4 (1.11%) Tivoli NetView
10 3 (0.83%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.55%) Terraform
11 2 (0.55%) vCenter Server
12 1 (0.28%) Ansible
12 1 (0.28%) CA Wily
12 1 (0.28%) Puppet
Vendors
1 104 (28.81%) IBM
2 66 (18.28%) Oracle
3 31 (8.59%) Microsoft
4 30 (8.31%) CA
5 19 (5.26%) VMware
6 15 (4.16%) SAP
7 14 (3.88%) IBM Sterling
8 13 (3.60%) HP
8 13 (3.60%) Informatica
9 12 (3.32%) Citrix
10 11 (3.05%) Software AG
10 11 (3.05%) Teradata
11 10 (2.77%) ServiceNow
11 10 (2.77%) Splunk
12 9 (2.49%) Cisco
12 9 (2.49%) Syncsort
12 9 (2.49%) Unisys
13 7 (1.94%) Fujitsu
13 7 (1.94%) Pega
13 7 (1.94%) Remedy
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