Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK > England
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 199 263 197
Rank change year-on-year +64 -66 +28
Contract jobs citing Middleware 526 543 1,273
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.27% 1.01% 1.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.16% 3.33% 4.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 397 361 798
10th Percentile £409 £375 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £656 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 11 12
10th Percentile £35.35 £46.25 £48.15
25th Percentile £49.38 £47.50 £56.06
Median hourly rate £57.50 £50.50 £58.75
Median % change year-on-year +13.86% -14.04% +38.24%
75th Percentile £60.75 £60.88 £61.09
90th Percentile £61.45 £68.75 £64.53
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £50.50 £58.75
% change year-on-year +13.86% -14.04% +38.24%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,650 16,322 29,320
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.46% 30.45% 33.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,141 11,645 21,155
10th Percentile £325 £338 £331
25th Percentile £408 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £594 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 152 246
10th Percentile £22.00 £19.79 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.11 £27.56
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.09
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.33% +8.20%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.25 £73.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +8.07%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the England region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +67 333 £645 +18.13% 47
South East +51 83 £563 +17.51% 17
North of England +40 45 £475 +11.76% 14
North West +21 36 £441 -1.94% 4
Midlands +29 18 £460 -8.00% 4
East Midlands +34 13 £460 -8.00% 1
East of England +19 10 £450 -16.28% 8
South West +10 10 £572 +8.86% 7
Yorkshire +32 8 £488 +30.00% 5
West Midlands +9 4 £475 - 3
North East +26 1 £475 +18.75% 5
Middleware
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Middleware.

1 267 (50.76%) Java
2 177 (33.65%) Linux
3 156 (29.66%) Spring
4 149 (28.33%) Agile Software Development
5 142 (27.00%) Banking
6 134 (25.48%) Finance
6 134 (25.48%) Apache Camel
7 124 (23.57%) Oracle
8 114 (21.67%) Front Office
9 111 (21.10%) Unix
10 105 (19.96%) Azure
11 102 (19.39%) REST
11 102 (19.39%) Mule
12 96 (18.25%) Kubernetes
13 95 (18.06%) Relational Database
14 94 (17.87%) Spring Integration
15 92 (17.49%) Web Services
16 85 (16.16%) Docker
17 77 (14.64%) Microservices
17 77 (14.64%) Red Hat Fuse
18 74 (14.07%) SQL
19 73 (13.88%) Windows
20 72 (13.69%) DevOps
21 71 (13.50%) AWS
22 69 (13.12%) Investment Banking
23 67 (12.74%) SQL Server
24 65 (12.36%) SOA
25 60 (11.41%) Git (software)
26 59 (11.22%) Analytical Skills
27 57 (10.84%) Migration

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (19.39%) Mule
2 77 (14.64%) Red Hat Fuse
3 48 (9.13%) Apache
4 37 (7.03%) JBoss
5 30 (5.70%) SharePoint
6 28 (5.32%) WebSphere
7 27 (5.13%) Confluence
8 26 (4.94%) Tomcat
9 23 (4.37%) IIS
10 22 (4.18%) WebLogic
11 20 (3.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 18 (3.42%) Oracle Service Bus
13 16 (3.04%) MS Exchange
14 13 (2.47%) WebSphere Application Server
15 9 (1.71%) CMS
16 7 (1.33%) NetWeaver
17 6 (1.14%) BizTalk Server
17 6 (1.14%) nginx
18 5 (0.95%) Apache Qpid
18 5 (0.95%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 10 (1.90%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.52%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.57%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.14%) Magento
2 5 (0.95%) SAP CRM
3 4 (0.76%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.76%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.57%) BusinessWorks
4 3 (0.57%) Oracle BRM
4 3 (0.57%) Siebel CRM
5 2 (0.38%) Eikon
5 2 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.38%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.19%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 105 (19.96%) Azure
2 71 (13.50%) AWS
3 28 (5.32%) OpenShift
4 23 (4.37%) Microsoft 365
5 21 (3.99%) GCP
5 21 (3.99%) SaaS
6 19 (3.61%) Apigee
7 17 (3.23%) PaaS
8 16 (3.04%) IaaS
9 11 (2.09%) Azure Active Directory
10 10 (1.90%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 9 (1.71%) GitHub
12 8 (1.52%) Force.com
12 8 (1.52%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 7 (1.33%) Boomi
13 7 (1.33%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 5 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
14 5 (0.95%) Power Platform
15 4 (0.76%) Amazon EKS
15 4 (0.76%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 29 (5.51%) DNS
2 25 (4.75%) HTTP
3 19 (3.61%) Firewall
4 16 (3.04%) WAAS
5 14 (2.66%) SSL
6 13 (2.47%) FTP
6 13 (2.47%) NAS
7 12 (2.28%) SAN
8 10 (1.90%) WAN
9 9 (1.71%) Multicast
10 8 (1.52%) Network Security
10 8 (1.52%) VPN
11 6 (1.14%) TCP/IP
12 5 (0.95%) iSCSI
12 5 (0.95%) SD-WAN
13 4 (0.76%) DHCP
13 4 (0.76%) LAN
13 4 (0.76%) PBX
13 4 (0.76%) VoIP
13 4 (0.76%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (18.06%) Relational Database
2 67 (12.74%) SQL Server
3 38 (7.22%) MySQL
4 26 (4.94%) NoSQL
5 20 (3.80%) DB2
6 19 (3.61%) MongoDB
7 18 (3.42%) Oracle Database
8 16 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
9 10 (1.90%) RDBMS
10 8 (1.52%) Oracle ODI
10 8 (1.52%) SAP HANA
11 7 (1.33%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.33%) HBase
12 5 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.95%) Couchbase
12 5 (0.95%) Oracle Database 12c
12 5 (0.95%) Power BI
12 5 (0.95%) SAP BW
12 5 (0.95%) Tableau
13 4 (0.76%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 60 (11.41%) Git (software)
2 49 (9.32%) Jenkins
3 34 (6.46%) JIRA
4 27 (5.13%) Maven
5 22 (4.18%) Cucumber
6 21 (3.99%) Subversion
7 19 (3.61%) JUnit
8 17 (3.23%) Selenium
9 14 (2.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 13 (2.47%) jMock
11 12 (2.28%) Sonatype Nexus
12 11 (2.09%) Hudson
12 11 (2.09%) SonarQube
13 10 (1.90%) FishEye
14 8 (1.52%) Bitbucket
14 8 (1.52%) TeamCity
15 7 (1.33%) JMeter
16 6 (1.14%) GitLab
16 6 (1.14%) Jasmine
17 5 (0.95%) Gradle
General
1 142 (27.00%) Banking
2 134 (25.48%) Finance
3 114 (21.67%) Front Office
4 69 (13.12%) Investment Banking
5 45 (8.56%) Public Sector
6 29 (5.51%) Marketing
7 24 (4.56%) Telecoms
8 20 (3.80%) Electronics
8 20 (3.80%) Manufacturing
9 13 (2.47%) Retail
10 12 (2.28%) Back Office
11 5 (0.95%) Billing
11 5 (0.95%) Law
12 4 (0.76%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.57%) Advertising
13 3 (0.57%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.38%) Automotive
14 2 (0.38%) Legal
14 2 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.38%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 222 (42.21%) Developer
2 159 (30.23%) Java Developer
3 123 (23.38%) Architect
4 86 (16.35%) Integration Developer
5 59 (11.22%) Senior Developer
6 57 (10.84%) Senior Java Developer
7 52 (9.89%) Solutions Architect
8 39 (7.41%) Senior Integration Developer
9 32 (6.08%) Analyst
10 26 (4.94%) Technical Architect
11 23 (4.37%) Infrastructure Architect
12 21 (3.99%) Middleware Developer
13 17 (3.23%) Cloud Architect
13 17 (3.23%) Consultant
13 17 (3.23%) Front Office Developer
14 16 (3.04%) Full Stack Developer
14 16 (3.04%) Middleware Engineer
14 16 (3.04%) Project Manager
15 15 (2.85%) Salesforce Architect
16 13 (2.47%) Investment Banking Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (29.66%) Spring
2 134 (25.48%) Apache Camel
3 102 (19.39%) REST
4 94 (17.87%) Spring Integration
5 92 (17.49%) Web Services
6 49 (9.32%) AngularJS
6 49 (9.32%) SOAP
7 46 (8.75%) HTML
8 45 (8.56%) Hibernate
8 45 (8.56%) XML
9 39 (7.41%) JMS
10 36 (6.84%) J2EE
10 36 (6.84%) Node.js
11 34 (6.46%) RESTful
12 33 (6.27%) HTML5
13 32 (6.08%) CSS
14 31 (5.89%) Oracle Fusion
15 28 (5.32%) JSON
16 27 (5.13%) Java EE
16 27 (5.13%) React
Miscellaneous
1 59 (11.22%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (8.37%) Fixed Income
3 35 (6.65%) Clustering
4 30 (5.70%) Enterprise Software
5 27 (5.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 23 (4.37%) Data Centre
6 23 (4.37%) Equities
7 19 (3.61%) Public Cloud
8 18 (3.42%) Cloud Native
9 16 (3.04%) EMC VNX
9 16 (3.04%) Management Information System
10 11 (2.09%) Replication
11 9 (1.71%) Greenfield Project
11 9 (1.71%) PKI
11 9 (1.71%) User Experience
12 8 (1.52%) Hedge funds
12 8 (1.52%) iSeries
12 8 (1.52%) LPAR
12 8 (1.52%) Mobile App
12 8 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 177 (33.65%) Linux
2 111 (21.10%) Unix
3 73 (13.88%) Windows
4 36 (6.84%) Windows Server
5 35 (6.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (3.99%) Apple iOS
7 17 (3.23%) Windows Server 2012
8 16 (3.04%) Windows 10
8 16 (3.04%) Windows XP
9 15 (2.85%) Android
10 10 (1.90%) Solaris
11 9 (1.71%) Oracle Linux
12 8 (1.52%) AIX
13 4 (0.76%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.57%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.38%) CentOS
15 2 (0.38%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.38%) SUSE
15 2 (0.38%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (28.33%) Agile Software Development
2 77 (14.64%) Microservices
3 72 (13.69%) DevOps
4 65 (12.36%) SOA
5 57 (10.84%) Migration
6 52 (9.89%) Problem-Solving
7 50 (9.51%) TDD
8 47 (8.94%) OO
9 46 (8.75%) Continuous Integration
10 43 (8.17%) Scrum
11 36 (6.84%) High Availability
12 35 (6.65%) BDD
13 33 (6.27%) Open Source
14 31 (5.89%) Computer Science
14 31 (5.89%) Performance Tuning
14 31 (5.89%) Software Engineering
14 31 (5.89%) Test Automation
15 29 (5.51%) ITIL
16 27 (5.13%) Business Intelligence
17 26 (4.94%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 267 (50.76%) Java
2 74 (14.07%) SQL
3 48 (9.13%) JavaScript
3 48 (9.13%) Python
4 26 (4.94%) Shell Script
5 24 (4.56%) Java 8
6 19 (3.61%) XPath
7 17 (3.23%) C#
8 15 (2.85%) Perl
9 14 (2.66%) C
9 14 (2.66%) ES6
10 13 (2.47%) C++
10 13 (2.47%) Groovy
10 13 (2.47%) Java 9
11 12 (2.28%) Bash Shell
12 9 (1.71%) PL/SQL
13 8 (1.52%) Apex Code
14 6 (1.14%) ABAP
14 6 (1.14%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.76%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 57 (10.84%) Security Cleared
2 38 (7.22%) SC Cleared
3 36 (6.84%) Degree
4 24 (4.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (3.23%) Master's Degree
6 15 (2.85%) DV Cleared
7 6 (1.14%) PMP
8 3 (0.57%) CISSP
8 3 (0.57%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.57%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.38%) ISEB
9 2 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
9 2 (0.38%) RHCA
10 1 (0.19%) CCSP
10 1 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.19%) CISM
10 1 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.19%) OCP
10 1 (0.19%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.19%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (5.51%) QA
2 12 (2.28%) GDPR
3 6 (1.14%) MiFID
4 5 (0.95%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.95%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.76%) COBIT
6 3 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.38%) NIST
7 2 (0.38%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.19%) HL7
8 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 1 (0.19%) PMO
8 1 (0.19%) PSD2
8 1 (0.19%) SLA
8 1 (0.19%) WAI
System Software
1 85 (16.16%) Docker
2 41 (7.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (6.46%) Active Directory
4 18 (3.42%) Hyper-V
5 11 (2.09%) Microsoft App-V
5 11 (2.09%) XenApp
6 8 (1.52%) PowerHA
6 8 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (1.14%) NFS
8 5 (0.95%) KVM
9 4 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.76%) SRDF
9 4 (0.76%) Xen
10 3 (0.57%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.38%) GPFS
11 2 (0.38%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.38%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.38%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 96 (18.25%) Kubernetes
2 18 (3.42%) Ansible
3 16 (3.04%) IBM BigFix
3 16 (3.04%) Microsoft Clustering
3 16 (3.04%) Microsoft Intune
3 16 (3.04%) SCCM
4 14 (2.66%) Puppet
5 12 (2.28%) Terraform
6 7 (1.33%) HP Quality Center
6 7 (1.33%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (1.14%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.57%) Istio
8 3 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.38%) BladeLogic
9 2 (0.38%) Data Guard
9 2 (0.38%) ITRS Geneos
9 2 (0.38%) Nagios
9 2 (0.38%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 2 (0.38%) Salt
10 1 (0.19%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 124 (23.57%) Oracle
2 55 (10.46%) Red Hat
3 46 (8.75%) Microsoft
4 45 (8.56%) IBM
4 45 (8.56%) VMware
5 44 (8.37%) MuleSoft
6 43 (8.17%) SAP
7 27 (5.13%) TIBCO
8 23 (4.37%) Salesforce.com
9 22 (4.18%) Sybase
10 21 (3.99%) Citrix
11 20 (3.80%) EMC
12 17 (3.23%) ION Trading
13 15 (2.85%) Atlassian
14 13 (2.47%) Google
15 11 (2.09%) Murex
15 11 (2.09%) Solace
16 10 (1.90%) HP
17 9 (1.71%) Cisco
18 8 (1.52%) Dell