Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 259 167 269
Rank change year-on-year -92 +102 -98
Contract jobs citing Middleware 677 417 839
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.04% 1.63% 1.05%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.52% 5.10% 3.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 490 305 508
10th Percentile £412 £363 £363
25th Percentile £500 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £670 £644 £625
90th Percentile £713 £700 £700
UK median daily rate £600 £518 £525
% change year-on-year +15.94% -1.43% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 14
10th Percentile £46.99 £38.25 £28.00
25th Percentile £48.28 £41.63 £37.50
Median hourly rate £50.75 £42.50 £48.42
Median % change year-on-year +19.41% -12.23% -11.96%
75th Percentile £55.31 £60.63 £53.44
90th Percentile £58.13 £66.00 £59.08
UK median hourly rate £50.75 £44.00 £46.40
% change year-on-year +15.34% -5.17% -10.77%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,250 8,176 25,143
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.66% 31.95% 31.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,026 5,867 17,858
10th Percentile £363 £320 £340
25th Percentile £425 £408 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 208 64 229
10th Percentile £18.57 £21.80 £16.23
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £30.03
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.64
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -6.87% +8.65%
75th Percentile £63.00 £53.81 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.50 £61.25 £69.00
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +7.64%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -85 421 £625 +13.64% 67
South East -47 98 £575 +20.76% 22
North of England -60 44 £431 +1.41% 17
Midlands -60 40 £433 +0.12% 12
North West -33 28 £350 -19.54% 3
West Midlands -50 21 £433 +0.12% 11
East Midlands -33 19 £405 +47.27% 1
South West -74 19 £530 +0.95% 13
Yorkshire -34 16 £525 +61.54% 11
East of England -58 11 £413 -21.33% 8
Middleware
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Middleware.

1 273 (40.32%) Java
2 238 (35.16%) Agile Software Development
3 196 (28.95%) Linux
4 194 (28.66%) Banking
4 194 (28.66%) Social Skills
5 157 (23.19%) Finance
6 156 (23.04%) Oracle
7 151 (22.30%) SQL
8 135 (19.94%) DevOps
9 132 (19.50%) Unix
10 131 (19.35%) Windows
11 124 (18.32%) Spring
12 117 (17.28%) Investment Banking
13 112 (16.54%) Front Office
14 97 (14.33%) REST
15 96 (14.18%) AWS
16 93 (13.74%) Azure
16 93 (13.74%) Python
17 84 (12.41%) Migration
18 79 (11.67%) Relational Database
19 77 (11.37%) ITIL
20 75 (11.08%) SQL Server
20 75 (11.08%) Apache Camel
21 73 (10.78%) Web Services
22 72 (10.64%) JavaScript
23 71 (10.49%) Microservices
24 70 (10.34%) Security Cleared
25 69 (10.19%) Mule
26 66 (9.75%) Kubernetes
27 65 (9.60%) Multithreading

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (10.19%) Mule
2 38 (5.61%) Confluence
2 38 (5.61%) JBoss
3 37 (5.47%) WebLogic
4 36 (5.32%) WebSphere
5 34 (5.02%) Red Hat Fuse
6 30 (4.43%) Tomcat
7 27 (3.99%) Apache
8 20 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
9 16 (2.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 15 (2.22%) Anypoint
10 15 (2.22%) WebSphere Application Server
11 13 (1.92%) SharePoint
12 9 (1.33%) CMS
13 8 (1.18%) NetWeaver
13 8 (1.18%) SAS
14 7 (1.03%) Cloud Foundry
14 7 (1.03%) IIS
14 7 (1.03%) Oracle Service Bus
15 6 (0.89%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 4 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 4 (0.59%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (1.03%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.74%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.59%) Oracle ERP
3 4 (0.59%) Remedy AR System
3 4 (0.59%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.44%) BusinessWorks
4 3 (0.44%) Primavera
4 3 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.44%) SAP PS
4 3 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.30%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.30%) SAP CAR
5 2 (0.30%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.30%) SAP EM
6 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.15%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.15%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 96 (14.18%) AWS
2 93 (13.74%) Azure
3 40 (5.91%) SaaS
4 35 (5.17%) GCP
5 20 (2.95%) IaaS
6 17 (2.51%) PaaS
7 16 (2.36%) GitHub
8 15 (2.22%) OpenShift
9 14 (2.07%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (1.92%) Power Platform
11 12 (1.77%) Force.com
12 11 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (1.62%) iPaaS
13 10 (1.48%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 8 (1.18%) Microsoft 365
14 8 (1.18%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 8 (1.18%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 7 (1.03%) Amazon EKS
15 7 (1.03%) npm
16 6 (0.89%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 29 (4.28%) Firewall
2 21 (3.10%) HTTP
3 20 (2.95%) WAN
4 19 (2.81%) DNS
5 17 (2.51%) LAN
6 16 (2.36%) NAS
7 15 (2.22%) SSL
8 14 (2.07%) SAN
9 9 (1.33%) DHCP
9 9 (1.33%) TCP/IP
10 8 (1.18%) iSCSI
10 8 (1.18%) Multicast
10 8 (1.18%) VoIP
11 7 (1.03%) Cisco Nexus
11 7 (1.03%) FCoE
11 7 (1.03%) Fibre Channel
11 7 (1.03%) Internet
11 7 (1.03%) Network Security
12 5 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
12 5 (0.74%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (11.67%) Relational Database
2 75 (11.08%) SQL Server
3 51 (7.53%) Oracle Database
4 39 (5.76%) MySQL
5 25 (3.69%) NoSQL
6 13 (1.92%) MongoDB
6 13 (1.92%) Power BI
7 12 (1.77%) PostgreSQL
8 11 (1.62%) Hazelcast
9 9 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
9 9 (1.33%) Big Data
9 9 (1.33%) RDBMS
10 8 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 6 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
11 6 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (0.89%) SAP HANA
11 6 (0.89%) SQL Server 2012
12 5 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.74%) Qlik Sense
12 5 (0.74%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 58 (8.57%) Jenkins
2 50 (7.39%) JIRA
3 40 (5.91%) Git (software)
4 37 (5.47%) Subversion
5 32 (4.73%) Maven
6 24 (3.55%) JUnit
7 19 (2.81%) jMock
8 17 (2.51%) Artifactory
9 16 (2.36%) Cucumber
10 13 (1.92%) Jasmine
11 12 (1.77%) GitLab
11 12 (1.77%) Selenium
12 11 (1.62%) Moq
12 11 (1.62%) NUnit
12 11 (1.62%) Sonatype Nexus
12 11 (1.62%) SpecFlow
13 9 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 9 (1.33%) Mocha
13 9 (1.33%) SoapUI
14 8 (1.18%) TeamCity
General
1 194 (28.66%) Banking
1 194 (28.66%) Social Skills
2 157 (23.19%) Finance
3 117 (17.28%) Investment Banking
4 112 (16.54%) Front Office
5 60 (8.86%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (2.66%) Telecoms
7 16 (2.36%) Public Sector
8 14 (2.07%) Marketing
8 14 (2.07%) Retail
9 13 (1.92%) Financial Institution
10 10 (1.48%) Legal
11 9 (1.33%) Influencing Skills
12 7 (1.03%) Automotive
12 7 (1.03%) Back Office
12 7 (1.03%) Documentation Skills
13 6 (0.89%) Law
14 5 (0.74%) Billing
14 5 (0.74%) Electronics
15 4 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 218 (32.20%) Developer
2 157 (23.19%) Architect
3 136 (20.09%) Java Developer
4 69 (10.19%) Solutions Architect
5 63 (9.31%) Integration Developer
6 58 (8.57%) Analyst
7 35 (5.17%) Senior Developer
8 33 (4.87%) Infrastructure Architect
9 32 (4.73%) Front Office Developer
10 31 (4.58%) Senior Java Developer
11 30 (4.43%) Project Manager
12 29 (4.28%) Consultant
13 27 (3.99%) Electronic Trading Developer
13 27 (3.99%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 27 (3.99%) Investment Banking Java Developer
14 22 (3.25%) Enterprise Integration Developer
14 22 (3.25%) Middleware Developer
15 20 (2.95%) Java Middleware Developer
15 20 (2.95%) SQL Analyst
16 18 (2.66%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (18.32%) Spring
2 97 (14.33%) REST
3 75 (11.08%) Apache Camel
4 73 (10.78%) Web Services
5 60 (8.86%) JTA
5 60 (8.86%) JTS
6 59 (8.71%) J2EE
7 54 (7.98%) Oracle Fusion
8 52 (7.68%) Spring Integration
9 50 (7.39%) .NET
10 43 (6.35%) SOAP
11 39 (5.76%) AngularJS
11 39 (5.76%) XML
12 38 (5.61%) JMS
13 34 (5.02%) HTML
14 32 (4.73%) React
15 31 (4.58%) CSS
15 31 (4.58%) Kafka
16 29 (4.28%) Rendezvous
17 28 (4.14%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 53 (7.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 46 (6.79%) Fixed Income
3 37 (5.47%) Equities
4 31 (4.58%) Enterprise Software
5 24 (3.55%) Cloud Native
6 20 (2.95%) Management Information System
7 19 (2.81%) Data Structures
8 17 (2.51%) Data Centre
8 17 (2.51%) Data Protection Act
9 15 (2.22%) Greenfield Project
10 14 (2.07%) Derivative
10 14 (2.07%) Mainframe
11 12 (1.77%) Hedge funds
11 12 (1.77%) Mobile App
11 12 (1.77%) PKI
11 12 (1.77%) User Experience
12 11 (1.62%) Clustering
12 11 (1.62%) Hybrid Cloud
13 10 (1.48%) Public Cloud
13 10 (1.48%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 196 (28.95%) Linux
2 132 (19.50%) Unix
3 131 (19.35%) Windows
4 30 (4.43%) Windows Server
5 18 (2.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (2.07%) AIX
7 8 (1.18%) Solaris
8 6 (0.89%) Apple iOS
9 5 (0.74%) zOS
10 4 (0.59%) Android
11 3 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.15%) SUSE
13 1 (0.15%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 238 (35.16%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (19.94%) DevOps
3 84 (12.41%) Migration
4 77 (11.37%) ITIL
5 71 (10.49%) Microservices
6 65 (9.60%) Multithreading
7 61 (9.01%) High Availability
8 60 (8.86%) SOA
9 54 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
10 51 (7.53%) Scrum
11 46 (6.79%) Software Engineering
12 45 (6.65%) Continuous Integration
12 45 (6.65%) Enterprise Architecture
13 43 (6.35%) Low Latency
13 43 (6.35%) Requirements Gathering
13 43 (6.35%) UML
14 42 (6.20%) Stakeholder Management
15 41 (6.06%) Analytics
15 41 (6.06%) Test Automation
16 40 (5.91%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 273 (40.32%) Java
2 151 (22.30%) SQL
3 93 (13.74%) Python
4 72 (10.64%) JavaScript
5 52 (7.68%) C#
6 41 (6.06%) C++
7 28 (4.14%) Shell Script
8 27 (3.99%) Java 8
9 24 (3.55%) Java 9
10 22 (3.25%) PL/SQL
10 22 (3.25%) TypeScript
11 19 (2.81%) C
12 15 (2.22%) PowerShell
13 14 (2.07%) Perl
14 12 (1.77%) Apex Code
15 6 (0.89%) Bash Shell
15 6 (0.89%) R
16 5 (0.74%) Ruby
17 4 (0.59%) Ada
17 4 (0.59%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 70 (10.34%) Security Cleared
2 56 (8.27%) SC Cleared
3 52 (7.68%) Degree
4 28 (4.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (3.40%) TOGAF Certification
6 13 (1.92%) DV Cleared
6 13 (1.92%) Master's Degree
7 9 (1.33%) ISTQB
8 7 (1.03%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 5 (0.74%) CCNA
9 5 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.74%) CISSP
9 5 (0.74%) ITIL Certification
10 4 (0.59%) GIAC
11 3 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.44%) MCSA
11 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.30%) CCDP
12 2 (0.30%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.30%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.66%) QA
2 12 (1.77%) GDPR
3 11 (1.62%) PCI DSS
4 10 (1.48%) Accessibility
5 9 (1.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.89%) COBIT
7 5 (0.74%) NIST
8 4 (0.59%) Def Stans
8 4 (0.59%) IEC 61508
8 4 (0.59%) MISRA
8 4 (0.59%) MISRA C
8 4 (0.59%) NIST 800
9 3 (0.44%) PMO
9 3 (0.44%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.30%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.30%) SLA
11 1 (0.15%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 52 (7.68%) Docker
2 50 (7.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (3.69%) Active Directory
4 20 (2.95%) Hyper-V
5 13 (1.92%) XenApp
6 12 (1.77%) Microsoft App-V
7 9 (1.33%) NFS
8 8 (1.18%) KVM
9 7 (1.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (1.03%) Oracle RAC
9 7 (1.03%) SRDF
9 7 (1.03%) Xen
10 3 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.30%) vSphere
12 1 (0.15%) IAG
12 1 (0.15%) PowerHA
12 1 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 1 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 66 (9.75%) Kubernetes
2 46 (6.79%) Ansible
3 18 (2.66%) BladeLogic
4 17 (2.51%) Puppet
5 15 (2.22%) ITRS Geneos
5 15 (2.22%) Terraform
6 13 (1.92%) Data Guard
7 11 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (1.62%) Single Sign-On
8 10 (1.48%) HP Quality Center
9 9 (1.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 5 (0.74%) CA Wily
11 4 (0.59%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 4 (0.59%) Oracle RMAN
12 3 (0.44%) MOM
12 3 (0.44%) Tivoli
13 2 (0.30%) BMC PATROL
13 2 (0.30%) Rundeck
13 2 (0.30%) Salt
13 2 (0.30%) SCCM
Vendors
1 156 (23.04%) Oracle
2 60 (8.86%) Microsoft
3 55 (8.12%) VMware
4 50 (7.39%) MuleSoft
5 46 (6.79%) IBM
6 42 (6.20%) Salesforce.com
6 42 (6.20%) SAP
7 36 (5.32%) TIBCO
8 28 (4.14%) Red Hat
9 26 (3.84%) ION Trading
9 26 (3.84%) Sybase
10 24 (3.55%) Cisco
11 23 (3.40%) Citrix
12 20 (2.95%) Solace
13 14 (2.07%) Altiris
13 14 (2.07%) Google
14 13 (1.92%) HP
15 10 (1.48%) Informatica
16 9 (1.33%) F5
16 9 (1.33%) Splunk