Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 256 189 223
Rank change year-on-year -67 +34 -18
Contract jobs citing Middleware 541 513 1,073
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.06% 1.39% 1.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.49% 4.44% 3.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 392 376 650
10th Percentile £405 £363 £375
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £681
UK median daily rate £575 £510 £525
% change year-on-year +12.86% -2.95% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 4
10th Percentile £28.11 £47.25 £43.48
25th Percentile £38.97 £49.25 £46.06
Median hourly rate £46.13 £66.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year -30.11% +20.00% +56.03%
75th Percentile £48.53 £68.75 £60.00
90th Percentile £48.81 £69.00 "
UK median hourly rate £46.13 £66.00 £48.00
% change year-on-year -30.11% +37.50% +36.17%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,491 11,561 27,101
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.44% 31.23% 32.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,134 8,332 19,359
10th Percentile £353 £340 £340
25th Percentile £419 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £611 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +4.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 156 97 243
10th Percentile £18.97 £20.50 £17.44
25th Percentile £27.88 £31.25 £29.64
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
75th Percentile £56.50 £58.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £65.77 £67.10 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.20 £44.57
% change year-on-year -2.60% +3.67% +7.10%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the England region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -41 336 £625 +16.28% 60
South East -12 88 £569 +19.10% 19
North of England 0 36 £388 -11.43% 17
North West -1 28 £364 -19.11% 10
Midlands -9 22 £485 -0.51% 6
South West -45 15 £543 +3.33% 7
East Midlands +7 12 £445 -19.09%
West Midlands -17 10 £507 +12.67% 6
Yorkshire +10 8 £488 +50.00% 6
East of England -28 8 £450 -14.29% 11
Middleware
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Middleware.

1 242 (44.73%) Java
2 189 (34.94%) Agile Software Development
3 160 (29.57%) Linux
3 160 (29.57%) Banking
4 159 (29.39%) Social Skills
5 133 (24.58%) Oracle
6 126 (23.29%) Finance
7 123 (22.74%) Spring
8 112 (20.70%) Unix
9 105 (19.41%) SQL
10 101 (18.67%) Investment Banking
11 95 (17.56%) Azure
12 94 (17.38%) Front Office
13 93 (17.19%) REST
14 92 (17.01%) Windows
15 88 (16.27%) AWS
16 85 (15.71%) DevOps
17 81 (14.97%) Migration
18 79 (14.60%) Apache Camel
19 72 (13.31%) Python
20 69 (12.75%) Web Services
21 68 (12.57%) Relational Database
22 63 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
23 62 (11.46%) Microservices
24 61 (11.28%) Security Cleared
24 61 (11.28%) Mule
25 60 (11.09%) JavaScript
26 58 (10.72%) Microsoft
26 58 (10.72%) VMware
27 56 (10.35%) SQL Server

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (11.28%) Mule
2 48 (8.87%) Red Hat Fuse
3 40 (7.39%) Apache
4 34 (6.28%) WebSphere
5 33 (6.10%) Confluence
6 32 (5.91%) JBoss
7 28 (5.18%) Tomcat
7 28 (5.18%) WebLogic
8 24 (4.44%) SharePoint
9 22 (4.07%) WebSphere Application Server
10 9 (1.66%) IIS
10 9 (1.66%) Oracle Service Bus
11 8 (1.48%) NetWeaver
11 8 (1.48%) SAS
12 7 (1.29%) CMS
12 7 (1.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (1.11%) MS Exchange
13 6 (1.11%) WebLogic Portal
14 5 (0.92%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 4 (0.74%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 11 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.85%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (1.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.92%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.18%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (1.11%) Payment Gateway
1 6 (1.11%) SAP ERP
2 4 (0.74%) Magento
3 3 (0.55%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.55%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.37%) Eikon
4 2 (0.37%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.37%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.37%) Oracle BRM
4 2 (0.37%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.37%) Siebel CRM
5 1 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 95 (17.56%) Azure
2 88 (16.27%) AWS
3 33 (6.10%) GCP
4 28 (5.18%) SaaS
5 23 (4.25%) PaaS
6 19 (3.51%) OpenShift
7 17 (3.14%) Force.com
7 17 (3.14%) IaaS
8 16 (2.96%) GitHub
9 15 (2.77%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (2.59%) Microsoft 365
11 13 (2.40%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 12 (2.22%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 12 (2.22%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 9 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (1.11%) npm
15 5 (0.92%) Amazon EKS
15 5 (0.92%) Apigee
15 5 (0.92%) IBM Cloud
16 4 (0.74%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (4.81%) NAS
2 24 (4.44%) SAN
3 20 (3.70%) Firewall
4 18 (3.33%) HTTP
5 16 (2.96%) WAN
6 14 (2.59%) Multicast
7 13 (2.40%) DNS
7 13 (2.40%) SSL
8 12 (2.22%) FTP
8 12 (2.22%) iSCSI
9 11 (2.03%) Cisco Nexus
9 11 (2.03%) FCoE
9 11 (2.03%) Fibre Channel
9 11 (2.03%) LAN
10 8 (1.48%) Network Security
10 8 (1.48%) VoIP
11 7 (1.29%) VPN
12 6 (1.11%) DHCP
12 6 (1.11%) WAAS
13 4 (0.74%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (12.57%) Relational Database
2 56 (10.35%) SQL Server
3 38 (7.02%) MySQL
4 28 (5.18%) Oracle Database
5 24 (4.44%) NoSQL
6 17 (3.14%) MongoDB
7 13 (2.40%) DB2
8 10 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
9 7 (1.29%) Hadoop
9 7 (1.29%) HBase
10 6 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
10 6 (1.11%) Big Data
10 6 (1.11%) RDBMS
10 6 (1.11%) SAP HANA
11 5 (0.92%) Tableau
12 4 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
12 4 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (0.74%) Hazelcast
12 4 (0.74%) Oracle Exadata
12 4 (0.74%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 49 (9.06%) Git (software)
2 48 (8.87%) Jenkins
3 46 (8.50%) JIRA
4 27 (4.99%) Maven
5 21 (3.88%) Cucumber
6 20 (3.70%) Subversion
7 18 (3.33%) JUnit
8 17 (3.14%) Sonatype Nexus
9 16 (2.96%) Selenium
10 14 (2.59%) jMock
11 11 (2.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 10 (1.85%) Jasmine
13 9 (1.66%) GitLab
13 9 (1.66%) SoapUI
14 7 (1.29%) Bitbucket
14 7 (1.29%) TeamCity
15 6 (1.11%) FishEye
15 6 (1.11%) Hudson
15 6 (1.11%) Karma Test Runner
15 6 (1.11%) Mocha
General
1 160 (29.57%) Banking
2 159 (29.39%) Social Skills
3 126 (23.29%) Finance
4 101 (18.67%) Investment Banking
5 94 (17.38%) Front Office
6 63 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
7 20 (3.70%) Public Sector
8 16 (2.96%) Retail
9 13 (2.40%) Influencing Skills
9 13 (2.40%) Marketing
10 10 (1.85%) Financial Institution
11 8 (1.48%) Telecoms
12 7 (1.29%) Back Office
12 7 (1.29%) Billing
12 7 (1.29%) Law
12 7 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
13 6 (1.11%) Legal
14 5 (0.92%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.55%) Advertising
15 3 (0.55%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 182 (33.64%) Developer
2 137 (25.32%) Architect
3 122 (22.55%) Java Developer
4 58 (10.72%) Solutions Architect
5 56 (10.35%) Integration Developer
6 40 (7.39%) Analyst
7 38 (7.02%) Senior Developer
8 35 (6.47%) Senior Java Developer
9 32 (5.91%) Infrastructure Architect
10 28 (5.18%) Cloud Architect
11 27 (4.99%) Front Office Developer
12 24 (4.44%) Project Manager
13 20 (3.70%) Cloud Infrastructure Architect
13 20 (3.70%) Electronic Trading Developer
13 20 (3.70%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 20 (3.70%) Investment Banking Java Developer
14 19 (3.51%) Technical Architect
15 18 (3.33%) Salesforce Architect
16 17 (3.14%) Middleware Developer
17 16 (2.96%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 123 (22.74%) Spring
2 93 (17.19%) REST
3 79 (14.60%) Apache Camel
4 69 (12.75%) Web Services
5 52 (9.61%) Spring Integration
6 48 (8.87%) J2EE
7 47 (8.69%) AngularJS
8 41 (7.58%) HTML
8 41 (7.58%) JMS
9 39 (7.21%) JTA
9 39 (7.21%) JTS
9 39 (7.21%) SOAP
10 38 (7.02%) XML
11 37 (6.84%) Node.js
11 37 (6.84%) Oracle Fusion
12 36 (6.65%) Hibernate
13 31 (5.73%) CSS
14 25 (4.62%) HTML5
14 25 (4.62%) Kafka
15 24 (4.44%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 48 (8.87%) Fixed Income
2 42 (7.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 36 (6.65%) Enterprise Software
4 34 (6.28%) Equities
5 25 (4.62%) Cloud Native
6 23 (4.25%) Clustering
7 19 (3.51%) Data Centre
7 19 (3.51%) Public Cloud
8 18 (3.33%) Management Information System
9 16 (2.96%) Hedge funds
10 14 (2.59%) Derivative
10 14 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
10 14 (2.59%) Replication
11 12 (2.22%) User Experience
12 10 (1.85%) iSeries
12 10 (1.85%) Mainframe
12 10 (1.85%) PKI
13 9 (1.66%) AS400
13 9 (1.66%) LPAR
14 7 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 160 (29.57%) Linux
2 112 (20.70%) Unix
3 92 (17.01%) Windows
4 33 (6.10%) Windows Server
5 21 (3.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (3.33%) Apple iOS
7 15 (2.77%) Solaris
8 11 (2.03%) AIX
9 9 (1.66%) Android
10 6 (1.11%) Windows 10
10 6 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (1.11%) Windows XP
11 5 (0.92%) zOS
12 4 (0.74%) Oracle Linux
12 4 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.74%) Windows Server 2016
13 3 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.37%) SUSE
15 1 (0.18%) CentOS
15 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 189 (34.94%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (15.71%) DevOps
3 81 (14.97%) Migration
4 62 (11.46%) Microservices
5 54 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
6 49 (9.06%) Problem-Solving
7 47 (8.69%) Multithreading
7 47 (8.69%) Scrum
8 45 (8.32%) High Availability
9 44 (8.13%) OO
9 44 (8.13%) SOA
10 42 (7.76%) Software Engineering
11 38 (7.02%) BDD
11 38 (7.02%) Test Automation
12 34 (6.28%) ITIL
12 34 (6.28%) Project Management
13 33 (6.10%) Computer Science
14 32 (5.91%) Low Latency
14 32 (5.91%) Performance Tuning
14 32 (5.91%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 242 (44.73%) Java
2 105 (19.41%) SQL
3 72 (13.31%) Python
4 60 (11.09%) JavaScript
5 29 (5.36%) Shell Script
6 24 (4.44%) Java 8
7 22 (4.07%) C++
8 19 (3.51%) C#
9 18 (3.33%) C
10 17 (3.14%) Java 9
11 16 (2.96%) PL/SQL
12 14 (2.59%) Apex Code
13 12 (2.22%) Perl
14 9 (1.66%) ES6
14 9 (1.66%) PowerShell
14 9 (1.66%) TypeScript
15 8 (1.48%) Bash Shell
16 6 (1.11%) Groovy
17 5 (0.92%) R
17 5 (0.92%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 61 (11.28%) Security Cleared
2 44 (8.13%) Degree
3 42 (7.76%) SC Cleared
4 27 (4.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (3.33%) DV Cleared
6 15 (2.77%) Master's Degree
7 14 (2.59%) TOGAF Certification
8 6 (1.11%) PMP
9 5 (0.92%) CISSP
10 4 (0.74%) GIAC
10 4 (0.74%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
11 2 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.18%) CEH
12 1 (0.18%) CFA
12 1 (0.18%) CISM
12 1 (0.18%) OCP
12 1 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.18%) RHCE
12 1 (0.18%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (5.73%) QA
2 10 (1.85%) GDPR
3 6 (1.11%) Accessibility
3 6 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.11%) MiFID
3 6 (1.11%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.74%) COBIT
4 4 (0.74%) PMO
5 3 (0.55%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.37%) NIST
6 2 (0.37%) WAI
7 1 (0.18%) GxP
7 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.18%) HL7
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 1 (0.18%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.18%) SLA
System Software
1 54 (9.98%) VMware Infrastructure
2 46 (8.50%) Docker
3 33 (6.10%) Active Directory
3 33 (6.10%) Hyper-V
4 19 (3.51%) Microsoft App-V
4 19 (3.51%) XenApp
5 13 (2.40%) KVM
6 11 (2.03%) NFS
6 11 (2.03%) SRDF
6 11 (2.03%) Xen
7 9 (1.66%) Oracle RAC
7 9 (1.66%) PowerHA
8 5 (0.92%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.18%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.18%) GPFS
10 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.18%) Platform Symphony
10 1 (0.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 56 (10.35%) Kubernetes
2 29 (5.36%) Ansible
3 22 (4.07%) Terraform
4 18 (3.33%) Puppet
5 12 (2.22%) HP Quality Center
5 12 (2.22%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (2.03%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 8 (1.48%) SCCM
8 6 (1.11%) Data Guard
8 6 (1.11%) IBM BigFix
8 6 (1.11%) Microsoft Clustering
8 6 (1.11%) Microsoft Intune
8 6 (1.11%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 6 (1.11%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (0.92%) CA Wily
10 3 (0.55%) Istio
10 3 (0.55%) MOM
10 3 (0.55%) Oracle RMAN
11 2 (0.37%) BladeLogic
11 2 (0.37%) Forum Sentry
Vendors
1 133 (24.58%) Oracle
2 58 (10.72%) Microsoft
2 58 (10.72%) VMware
3 54 (9.98%) IBM
4 37 (6.84%) MuleSoft
5 36 (6.65%) Red Hat
6 33 (6.10%) Salesforce.com
7 29 (5.36%) SAP
8 26 (4.81%) TIBCO
9 25 (4.62%) Citrix
9 25 (4.62%) Sybase
10 19 (3.51%) ION Trading
11 18 (3.33%) Google
12 17 (3.14%) EMC
13 15 (2.77%) Cisco
13 15 (2.77%) HP
14 14 (2.59%) Solace
15 11 (2.03%) NetApp
16 9 (1.66%) ServiceNow
16 9 (1.66%) Splunk