Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SDLC skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SDLC over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Systems or Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
UK > England
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 77 90 97
Rank change year-on-year +13 +7 -13
Contract jobs citing SDLC 2,211 813 1,887
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.11% 2.65% 2.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.48% 3.05% 2.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,603 557 1,246
10th Percentile £400 £331 £338
25th Percentile £463 £403 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £475 £490
Median % change year-on-year +21.05% -3.06% +1.24%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £600
90th Percentile £763 £671 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +15.79% -0.05% +0.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 15 22
10th Percentile £41.05 £42.10 £36.70
25th Percentile £44.95 £43.88 £36.96
Median hourly rate £51.50 £50.00 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +3.00% +16.28% +1.18%
75th Percentile £67.28 £54.38 £48.63
90th Percentile £74.75 £55.38 £52.35
UK median hourly rate £52.00 £50.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year +4.00% +15.61% +1.76%

SDLC is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 63,505 26,638 64,397
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.23% 86.95% 86.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,993 18,385 43,580
10th Percentile £323 £300 £300
25th Percentile £416 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £673 £650
UK median daily rate £523 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,554 844 1,867
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.75 £11.61
25th Percentile £15.00 £15.75 £14.75
Median hourly rate £24.80 £26.88 £21.76
Median % change year-on-year -7.75% +23.54% +8.80%
75th Percentile £49.50 £46.50 £45.88
90th Percentile £63.93 £57.50 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.80 £22.00
% change year-on-year -6.71% +21.81% +10.00%

SDLC
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SDLC as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SDLC in England

SDLC
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SDLC in England.

Daily rate trend for SDLC in England

SDLC
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SDLC in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SDLC in England

SDLC
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SDLC in England.

Hourly rate trend for SDLC in England

SDLC
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SDLC in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SDLC in England

SDLC
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SDLC within the England region over the 6 months to 30 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 1,450 £625 +13.64% 355
South East +17 208 £525 +16.67% 123
North of England +15 169 £475 +14.46% 147
Midlands -28 140 £450 +12.50% 95
North West +16 106 £488 +25.81% 110
West Midlands -29 88 £450 +4.17% 60
South West -10 76 £475 +5.56% 67
Yorkshire +1 62 £443 +4.42% 30
East of England -38 49 £533 +18.33% 51
East Midlands -6 48 £405 +15.38% 35
North East -17 8 £604 +42.06% 7
SDLC
UK

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SDLC also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SDLC.

1 1,407 (63.64%) Agile Software Development
2 693 (31.34%) Finance
3 622 (28.13%) Social Skills
4 551 (24.92%) Azure
5 528 (23.88%) DevOps
6 487 (22.03%) SQL
7 475 (21.48%) Java
8 413 (18.68%) Scrum
9 389 (17.59%) AWS
10 385 (17.41%) JavaScript
11 370 (16.73%) Microservices
12 304 (13.75%) .NET
13 299 (13.52%) Python
14 298 (13.48%) JIRA
15 295 (13.34%) Software Engineering
16 287 (12.98%) Banking
16 287 (12.98%) C#
17 276 (12.48%) Kubernetes
18 265 (11.99%) Problem-Solving
19 264 (11.94%) Test Automation
20 255 (11.53%) Stakeholder Management
21 251 (11.35%) Analytical Skills
22 249 (11.26%) SQL Server
23 237 (10.72%) Microsoft
24 219 (9.91%) Waterfall
25 217 (9.81%) Analytics
26 210 (9.50%) CSS
27 207 (9.36%) Docker
28 206 (9.32%) Oracle
28 206 (9.32%) HTML

SDLC
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 136 (6.15%) Confluence
2 50 (2.26%) Apache Spark
3 43 (1.94%) SharePoint
4 42 (1.90%) Apache
4 42 (1.90%) CMS
5 31 (1.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 30 (1.36%) Tomcat
7 26 (1.18%) IIS
8 25 (1.13%) BizTalk Server
8 25 (1.13%) nginx
9 22 (1.00%) OpenStack
10 19 (0.86%) JBoss
11 18 (0.81%) WebLogic
12 17 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
12 17 (0.77%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.54%) Appian
14 11 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 11 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
15 10 (0.45%) Camunda
16 7 (0.32%) SAS
Applications
1 72 (3.26%) Microsoft Office
2 55 (2.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 44 (1.99%) Microsoft Project
4 37 (1.67%) MS Visio
5 23 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.41%) Blender
7 5 (0.23%) Adobe XD
7 5 (0.23%) InVision
8 4 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.18%) Figma
8 4 (0.18%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.045%) Acrobat
10 1 (0.045%) Marvel
10 1 (0.045%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 29 (1.31%) ION MarketView
2 19 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
3 7 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
4 6 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.23%) FLEXCUBE
5 5 (0.23%) OneSumX
5 5 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.14%) Dynamics GP
7 3 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.090%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.090%) Bloomberg TOMS
8 2 (0.090%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.090%) FINCAD Analytics
8 2 (0.090%) Magento
8 2 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.090%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.090%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 551 (24.92%) Azure
2 389 (17.59%) AWS
3 121 (5.47%) GCP
4 118 (5.34%) GitHub
5 104 (4.70%) Serverless
6 93 (4.21%) Power Platform
7 90 (4.07%) PaaS
8 84 (3.80%) SaaS
9 64 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
10 57 (2.58%) IaaS
11 47 (2.13%) Azure Functions
11 47 (2.13%) Azure Logic Apps
12 44 (1.99%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 36 (1.63%) OpenShift
14 33 (1.49%) Azure Storage
15 31 (1.40%) Azure Service Bus
15 31 (1.40%) Dynamics 365
16 28 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
17 26 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
18 25 (1.13%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 61 (2.76%) 2G
1 61 (2.76%) 5G
1 61 (2.76%) GSM
1 61 (2.76%) MVNO
2 42 (1.90%) Packet Switching
3 27 (1.22%) DNS
4 22 (1.00%) Internet
5 21 (0.95%) Firewall
6 19 (0.86%) SSL
7 13 (0.59%) AMQP
7 13 (0.59%) Network Security
8 12 (0.54%) HTTP
9 11 (0.50%) Broadband
10 9 (0.41%) TCP/IP
11 8 (0.36%) Intranet
12 7 (0.32%) VPN
13 6 (0.27%) SAN
14 5 (0.23%) NAS
14 5 (0.23%) Wireshark
15 4 (0.18%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 249 (11.26%) SQL Server
2 143 (6.47%) Relational Database
3 104 (4.70%) Big Data
4 101 (4.57%) MongoDB
5 97 (4.39%) NoSQL
6 94 (4.25%) Data Warehouse
7 84 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
8 80 (3.62%) Power BI
9 77 (3.48%) Data Lake
10 59 (2.67%) MySQL
11 52 (2.35%) Hadoop
12 46 (2.08%) Oracle Database
13 45 (2.04%) Azure SQL Database
14 43 (1.94%) RDBMS
14 43 (1.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 35 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
16 33 (1.49%) Tableau
17 27 (1.22%) Metadata
18 25 (1.13%) Oracle Reports
19 20 (0.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 298 (13.48%) JIRA
2 201 (9.09%) Git (software)
3 152 (6.87%) Jenkins
4 80 (3.62%) Sonatype Nexus
5 63 (2.85%) Selenium
6 59 (2.67%) TeamCity
7 55 (2.49%) Cucumber
8 53 (2.40%) Maven
9 47 (2.13%) Team Foundation Server
10 46 (2.08%) GitLab
11 45 (2.04%) NUnit
12 43 (1.94%) JUnit
12 43 (1.94%) SpecFlow
13 36 (1.63%) Mocha
14 35 (1.58%) Bitbucket
14 35 (1.58%) Visual Studio
15 29 (1.31%) Mockito
16 28 (1.27%) Cypress.io
16 28 (1.27%) SonarQube
16 28 (1.27%) Subversion
General
1 693 (31.34%) Finance
2 622 (28.13%) Social Skills
3 287 (12.98%) Banking
4 251 (11.35%) Analytical Skills
5 147 (6.65%) Investment Banking
6 106 (4.79%) Public Sector
7 105 (4.75%) Telecoms
8 96 (4.34%) Front Office
9 88 (3.98%) Presentation Skills
10 68 (3.08%) Retail
11 62 (2.80%) Influencing Skills
12 48 (2.17%) Marketing
13 35 (1.58%) Legal
14 30 (1.36%) Documentation Skills
14 30 (1.36%) Financial Institution
15 25 (1.13%) Organisational Skills
16 24 (1.09%) Law
17 23 (1.04%) Manufacturing
18 19 (0.86%) Electronics
18 19 (0.86%) Games
Job Titles
1 753 (34.06%) Developer
2 302 (13.66%) Analyst
3 221 (10.00%) Architect
4 195 (8.82%) Business Analyst
5 185 (8.37%) Java Developer
6 139 (6.29%) Senior Developer
7 130 (5.88%) Project Manager
8 115 (5.20%) .NET Developer
9 114 (5.16%) Software Engineer
10 93 (4.21%) Solutions Architect
11 90 (4.07%) DevOps Engineer
12 82 (3.71%) C# Developer
13 61 (2.76%) Full Stack Developer
14 58 (2.62%) Java Engineer
15 53 (2.40%) Python Developer
16 51 (2.31%) AWS Engineer
17 48 (2.17%) Senior Software Engineer
17 48 (2.17%) Technical Manager
18 46 (2.08%) Tester
19 45 (2.04%) Scrum Master
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (13.75%) .NET
2 210 (9.50%) CSS
3 206 (9.32%) HTML
4 196 (8.86%) React
5 170 (7.69%) Web Services
6 155 (7.01%) AngularJS
7 150 (6.78%) REST
8 130 (5.88%) .NET Core
9 129 (5.83%) Kafka
10 111 (5.02%) ASP.NET
11 104 (4.70%) RESTful
11 104 (4.70%) Spring
12 86 (3.89%) XML
13 81 (3.66%) .NET Framework
14 79 (3.57%) Node.js
15 73 (3.30%) JSON
16 66 (2.99%) RabbitMQ
17 65 (2.94%) SOAP
18 60 (2.71%) ASP.NET Web API
19 55 (2.49%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 127 (5.74%) User Experience
2 88 (3.98%) Cloud Native
3 83 (3.75%) Self-Motivation
4 82 (3.71%) Mobile App
5 81 (3.66%) Virtual Team
6 66 (2.99%) Data Protection Act
6 66 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
7 63 (2.85%) Management Information System
8 58 (2.62%) Public Cloud
9 53 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
10 49 (2.22%) Data Structures
11 47 (2.13%) Fixed Income
11 47 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 43 (1.94%) PMI
13 41 (1.85%) Legacy Systems
14 36 (1.63%) Derivative
15 30 (1.36%) Algorithms
16 25 (1.13%) Legacy Applications
16 25 (1.13%) N-Tier
17 22 (1.00%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 195 (8.82%) Linux
2 155 (7.01%) Windows
3 95 (4.30%) Unix
4 54 (2.44%) Apple iOS
5 42 (1.90%) Android
6 16 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (0.68%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.63%) Debian
9 9 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.27%) CentOS
11 6 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (0.23%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.14%) zOS
14 2 (0.090%) Windows Server 2019
15 1 (0.045%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.045%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.045%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.045%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,407 (63.64%) Agile Software Development
2 528 (23.88%) DevOps
3 413 (18.68%) Scrum
4 370 (16.73%) Microservices
5 295 (13.34%) Software Engineering
6 265 (11.99%) Problem-Solving
7 264 (11.94%) Test Automation
8 255 (11.53%) Stakeholder Management
9 219 (9.91%) Waterfall
10 217 (9.81%) Analytics
11 193 (8.73%) TDD
12 186 (8.41%) Project Management
13 184 (8.32%) Continuous Integration
14 168 (7.60%) Project Delivery
15 164 (7.42%) Data Modelling
16 162 (7.33%) Continuous Improvement
17 154 (6.97%) Full Stack Development
18 130 (5.88%) Business Intelligence
19 128 (5.79%) Requirements Gathering
19 128 (5.79%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 487 (22.03%) SQL
2 475 (21.48%) Java
3 385 (17.41%) JavaScript
4 299 (13.52%) Python
5 287 (12.98%) C#
6 153 (6.92%) TypeScript
7 143 (6.47%) C
8 132 (5.97%) C++
9 66 (2.99%) PowerShell
10 65 (2.94%) PL/SQL
11 57 (2.58%) T-SQL
12 56 (2.53%) Java 8
13 53 (2.40%) Bash Shell
14 48 (2.17%) Ruby
15 47 (2.13%) Go
16 35 (1.58%) Scala
17 27 (1.22%) Apple Swift
18 26 (1.18%) Groovy
18 26 (1.18%) Kotlin
19 25 (1.13%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 173 (7.82%) Security Cleared
2 169 (7.64%) Degree
3 151 (6.83%) SC Cleared
4 51 (2.31%) ISTQB
4 51 (2.31%) PMI Certification
5 32 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
6 31 (1.40%) CISSP
7 30 (1.36%) DV Cleared
7 30 (1.36%) ISEB
8 22 (1.00%) ITIL Certification
8 22 (1.00%) PMP
9 20 (0.90%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 19 (0.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 17 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
12 15 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
13 14 (0.63%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 13 (0.59%) CRISC
14 13 (0.59%) DBS Check
14 13 (0.59%) ISEB Practitioner
15 11 (0.50%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (7.51%) QA
2 55 (2.49%) Data Quality
3 43 (1.94%) GDPR
4 31 (1.40%) PMBOK
5 28 (1.27%) NIST
6 21 (0.95%) Accessibility
7 18 (0.81%) GRC
7 18 (0.81%) PMO
8 17 (0.77%) SLA
9 15 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 15 (0.68%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 8 (0.36%) COBIT
12 6 (0.27%) FedRAMP
12 6 (0.27%) WCAG
13 3 (0.14%) Basel II
13 3 (0.14%) NCSC
14 2 (0.090%) Cyber Essentials
14 2 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 15288
14 2 (0.090%) SOC 2
System Software
1 207 (9.36%) Docker
2 30 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.63%) vCloud
4 9 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.23%) NFS
6 4 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.18%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 3 (0.14%) HDFS
7 3 (0.14%) Samba
7 3 (0.14%) Time Sharing Option
7 3 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.14%) vSphere
8 2 (0.090%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.090%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.090%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.045%) GeoWebCache
9 1 (0.045%) RHEV
9 1 (0.045%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.045%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 276 (12.48%) Kubernetes
2 131 (5.92%) Ansible
3 118 (5.34%) Terraform
4 59 (2.67%) Puppet
5 44 (1.99%) Prometheus
6 43 (1.94%) Grafana
7 38 (1.72%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (0.90%) Kibana
9 14 (0.63%) Consul
9 14 (0.63%) Fluentd
9 14 (0.63%) HAProxy
9 14 (0.63%) ZABBIX
10 10 (0.45%) Netcool
11 9 (0.41%) Packer
12 8 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.36%) Salt
13 7 (0.32%) Tivoli
14 6 (0.27%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 5 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.23%) logstash
Vendors
1 237 (10.72%) Microsoft
2 206 (9.32%) Oracle
3 81 (3.66%) Google
4 65 (2.94%) Salesforce.com
5 51 (2.31%) MuleSoft
6 50 (2.26%) SAP
7 49 (2.22%) Databricks
8 40 (1.81%) Adobe
9 31 (1.40%) Informatica
10 29 (1.31%) ION Trading
10 29 (1.31%) VMware
11 28 (1.27%) Red Hat
12 27 (1.22%) Splunk
13 25 (1.13%) CheckPoint
14 24 (1.09%) ServiceNow
15 20 (0.90%) Ab Initio
16 19 (0.86%) Sybase
17 18 (0.81%) IBM
17 18 (0.81%) Murex
18 17 (0.77%) CA