Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 125 87 134
Rank change year-on-year -38 +47 +12
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,600 2,747 1,803
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.07% 2.91% 1.97%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.70% 13.85% 10.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,120 1,806 1,171
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.12%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £575 £575 £563
UK median daily rate £438 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +1.74% +1.18% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 7
England median hourly rate £45.84 £32.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.03% -31.58% -8.65%
10th Percentile £31.70 £20.05 £26.95
90th Percentile £59.00 £44.00 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £32.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +38.46% -31.58% -8.65%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 13,674 19,837 16,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.66% 21.01% 18.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,082 13,695 11,756
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £644 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 187 205 274
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £20.95 £25.16 £30.40
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £44.02 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.58% - +3.66%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -68 656 £455 -4.21% 102
South East +9 358 £450 +12.50% 95
North of England -10 262 £390 -2.50% 133
South West -23 156 £450 +5.88% 57
Yorkshire +5 125 £370 -1.47% 54
Midlands -47 95 £408 +1.88% 48
North East +37 75 £355 -10.41% 13
East of England -1 70 £425 +11.84% 20
North West -86 62 £450 +5.88% 66
West Midlands -55 57 £438 +6.06% 24
East Midlands -13 36 £375 -0.66% 24
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,213 (75.81%) Test Automation
2 1,037 (64.81%) Agile Software Development
3 686 (42.88%) Java
4 679 (42.44%) Cucumber
5 502 (31.38%) Jenkins
6 491 (30.69%) JavaScript
7 445 (27.81%) C#
7 445 (27.81%) QA
8 437 (27.31%) BDD
9 411 (25.69%) Scrum
10 387 (24.19%) DevOps
11 379 (23.69%) JIRA
12 374 (23.38%) SQL
13 361 (22.56%) TDD
14 341 (21.31%) Git (software)
15 298 (18.63%) WebDriver
16 285 (17.81%) Continuous Integration
17 271 (16.94%) Azure
18 240 (15.00%) .NET
19 239 (14.94%) HTML
20 227 (14.19%) Finance
20 227 (14.19%) Web Services
21 216 (13.50%) JMeter
21 216 (13.50%) Docker
22 210 (13.13%) AngularJS
23 207 (12.94%) Node.js
24 206 (12.88%) AWS
25 198 (12.38%) Python
26 197 (12.31%) CSS
27 188 (11.75%) SpecFlow

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 186 (11.63%) Confluence
2 54 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
3 50 (3.13%) Tomcat
4 39 (2.44%) Apache
5 23 (1.44%) nginx
6 22 (1.38%) Drupal
7 21 (1.31%) JBoss
7 21 (1.31%) WebLogic
8 19 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
9 18 (1.13%) SharePoint
10 17 (1.06%) WebSphere
11 16 (1.00%) Mule
12 15 (0.94%) CMS
13 14 (0.88%) Apache Spark
14 12 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 11 (0.69%) IIS
15 11 (0.69%) Jetty
16 10 (0.63%) Magnolia
17 9 (0.56%) Apache Solr
18 6 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 20 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.063%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.063%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 24 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.81%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 11 (0.69%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 9 (0.56%) Magento
5 6 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.25%) Temenos T24
7 3 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.13%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.13%) SAP HR
9 1 (0.063%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.063%) Infor M3
9 1 (0.063%) Oracle Cash Management
9 1 (0.063%) SAP IS-U
9 1 (0.063%) Shopify
9 1 (0.063%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 271 (16.94%) Azure
2 206 (12.88%) AWS
3 173 (10.81%) GitHub
4 60 (3.75%) BrowserStack
5 56 (3.50%) Sauce Labs
6 49 (3.06%) GCP
7 33 (2.06%) Serverless
8 27 (1.69%) AWS Lambda
9 26 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
9 26 (1.63%) Heroku
10 25 (1.56%) Google Analytics
11 21 (1.31%) npm
11 21 (1.31%) PaaS
12 17 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
12 17 (1.06%) Dynamics 365
13 16 (1.00%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 15 (0.94%) Amazon ECS
14 15 (0.94%) Amazon S3
14 15 (0.94%) BlazeMeter
15 14 (0.88%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 55 (3.44%) HTTP
2 30 (1.88%) TCP/IP
3 28 (1.75%) SSL
4 14 (0.88%) SSH
5 12 (0.75%) Firewall
6 9 (0.56%) Internet
7 5 (0.31%) ATM
7 5 (0.31%) DSL
8 4 (0.25%) AMQP
8 4 (0.25%) DNS
9 3 (0.19%) Intranet
9 3 (0.19%) PuTTY
9 3 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
9 3 (0.19%) WinSCP
10 2 (0.13%) IPv4
10 2 (0.13%) IPv6
10 2 (0.13%) PPP
10 2 (0.13%) UPnP
10 2 (0.13%) VoIP
10 2 (0.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (9.88%) SQL Server
2 91 (5.69%) MongoDB
3 76 (4.75%) MySQL
4 75 (4.69%) Relational Database
5 62 (3.88%) PostgreSQL
6 46 (2.88%) Big Data
7 43 (2.69%) NoSQL
8 32 (2.00%) Oracle Database
9 30 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
10 26 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 19 (1.19%) Azure SQL Database
12 18 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 16 (1.00%) Redis
14 15 (0.94%) Cosmos DB
15 13 (0.81%) DB2
15 13 (0.81%) RDBMS
16 12 (0.75%) Hadoop
17 11 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 11 (0.69%) BigQuery
18 10 (0.63%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 679 (42.44%) Cucumber
2 502 (31.38%) Jenkins
3 379 (23.69%) JIRA
4 341 (21.31%) Git (software)
5 298 (18.63%) WebDriver
6 216 (13.50%) JMeter
7 188 (11.75%) SpecFlow
8 148 (9.25%) Maven
9 143 (8.94%) JUnit
10 141 (8.81%) SoapUI
11 97 (6.06%) Gatling
12 93 (5.81%) Visual Studio
13 86 (5.38%) TeamCity
13 86 (5.38%) Visual Studio Team System
14 83 (5.19%) Appium
15 69 (4.31%) Bitbucket
16 68 (4.25%) Team Foundation Server
17 61 (3.81%) Sonatype Nexus
18 56 (3.50%) Mocha
19 54 (3.38%) Eclipse
General
1 227 (14.19%) Finance
2 114 (7.13%) Banking
3 79 (4.94%) Public Sector
4 70 (4.38%) Retail
5 32 (2.00%) Front Office
6 24 (1.50%) Legal
7 23 (1.44%) Telecoms
8 19 (1.19%) Manufacturing
9 18 (1.13%) Back Office
10 16 (1.00%) Retail Banking
11 15 (0.94%) Law
11 15 (0.94%) Marketing
12 13 (0.81%) Games
13 9 (0.56%) Investment Banking
14 7 (0.44%) Electronics
14 7 (0.44%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.38%) Police
16 4 (0.25%) Advertising
16 4 (0.25%) Automotive
17 2 (0.13%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 419 (26.19%) Developer
2 339 (21.19%) Tester
3 263 (16.44%) Analyst
4 238 (14.88%) Automation Tester
4 238 (14.88%) Test Analyst
5 213 (13.31%) Test Engineer
6 118 (7.38%) Test Automation Engineer
7 117 (7.31%) Automation Test Analyst
8 109 (6.81%) Java Developer
9 79 (4.94%) QA Engineer
10 77 (4.81%) Developer in Test
11 68 (4.25%) DevOps Engineer
12 66 (4.13%) Test Leader
13 65 (4.06%) QA Tester
14 54 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
14 54 (3.38%) Software Developer
15 49 (3.06%) Test Automation Developer
16 48 (3.00%) Selenium Tester
17 47 (2.94%) Automation Engineer
18 44 (2.75%) Selenium Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 240 (15.00%) .NET
2 239 (14.94%) HTML
3 227 (14.19%) Web Services
4 210 (13.13%) AngularJS
5 207 (12.94%) Node.js
6 197 (12.31%) CSS
7 182 (11.38%) Gherkin
8 161 (10.06%) REST
9 160 (10.00%) RESTful
10 146 (9.13%) SOAP
11 144 (9.00%) JSON
12 132 (8.25%) Spring
13 128 (8.00%) XML
14 123 (7.69%) React
15 104 (6.50%) HTML5
16 73 (4.56%) Redux
17 70 (4.38%) jQuery
18 67 (4.19%) Spring Boot
19 59 (3.69%) .NET Framework
20 57 (3.56%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 74 (4.63%) User Experience
2 57 (3.56%) Mobile App
3 55 (3.44%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
5 29 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
6 23 (1.44%) Virtual Team
7 19 (1.19%) EPoS
8 18 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
9 17 (1.06%) Blog
10 16 (1.00%) Public Cloud
10 16 (1.00%) Wiki
11 14 (0.88%) Derivative
12 9 (0.56%) Algorithms
12 9 (0.56%) Data Structures
12 9 (0.56%) Mainframe
13 7 (0.44%) Client/Server
13 7 (0.44%) iPad
13 7 (0.44%) Linux Command Line
13 7 (0.44%) Video on Demand
14 6 (0.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 114 (7.13%) Windows
2 108 (6.75%) Linux
3 81 (5.06%) Unix
4 47 (2.94%) Android
5 45 (2.81%) Apple iOS
6 29 (1.81%) Ubuntu
7 22 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.75%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.56%) CentOS
10 8 (0.50%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.38%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.25%) Debian
13 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.13%) AIX
14 2 (0.13%) Solaris
15 1 (0.063%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,213 (75.81%) Test Automation
2 1,037 (64.81%) Agile Software Development
3 437 (27.31%) BDD
4 411 (25.69%) Scrum
5 387 (24.19%) DevOps
6 361 (22.56%) TDD
7 285 (17.81%) Continuous Integration
8 188 (11.75%) Microservices
9 184 (11.50%) Test Scripting
10 174 (10.88%) Kanban
11 167 (10.44%) API Testing
12 166 (10.38%) Performance Testing
13 164 (10.25%) Test Strategy
14 149 (9.31%) Regression Testing
15 146 (9.13%) SDET
16 127 (7.94%) Manual Testing
17 126 (7.88%) SDLC
18 116 (7.25%) User Stories
19 114 (7.13%) Integration Testing
20 113 (7.06%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 686 (42.88%) Java
2 491 (30.69%) JavaScript
3 445 (27.81%) C#
4 374 (23.38%) SQL
5 198 (12.38%) Python
6 72 (4.50%) Ruby
7 61 (3.81%) Scala
8 56 (3.50%) Java 8
9 43 (2.69%) Bash Shell
10 42 (2.63%) ES6
11 41 (2.56%) TypeScript
12 40 (2.50%) Groovy
13 37 (2.31%) T-SQL
14 36 (2.25%) PHP
14 36 (2.25%) PL/SQL
15 33 (2.06%) C
15 33 (2.06%) Perl
15 33 (2.06%) PowerShell
16 21 (1.31%) C++
17 20 (1.25%) Go
Qualifications
1 166 (10.38%) Security Cleared
2 150 (9.38%) ISTQB
3 131 (8.19%) ISEB
4 102 (6.38%) SC Cleared
5 58 (3.63%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 55 (3.44%) Degree
7 36 (2.25%) DV Cleared
8 19 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
9 15 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.63%) DBS Check
11 9 (0.56%) AWS Certification
12 6 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
12 6 (0.38%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.31%) BC Cleared
13 5 (0.31%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
14 2 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 445 (27.81%) QA
2 17 (1.06%) MiFID
2 17 (1.06%) WCAG
3 11 (0.69%) GDPR
4 5 (0.31%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.13%) PMBOK
6 1 (0.063%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.063%) HL7
6 1 (0.063%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.063%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.063%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.063%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.063%) PSD2
System Software
1 216 (13.50%) Docker
2 13 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (0.75%) vSphere
4 6 (0.38%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.25%) RACF
6 3 (0.19%) HDFS
6 3 (0.19%) KVM
6 3 (0.19%) oVirt
7 1 (0.063%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 116 (7.25%) Kubernetes
2 69 (4.31%) Ansible
3 61 (3.81%) Terraform
4 45 (2.81%) Kibana
5 43 (2.69%) Puppet
6 32 (2.00%) HP Quality Center
6 32 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
7 27 (1.69%) Grafana
8 16 (1.00%) HP ALM
9 11 (0.69%) Consul
10 7 (0.44%) logstash
11 5 (0.31%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 5 (0.31%) Oracle Identity Manager
11 5 (0.31%) Salt
12 4 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.25%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.19%) Istio
13 3 (0.19%) Nagios
13 3 (0.19%) Nessus
13 3 (0.19%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 161 (10.06%) Microsoft
2 155 (9.69%) Oracle
3 74 (4.63%) Google
4 46 (2.88%) Atlassian
5 41 (2.56%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 40 (2.50%) Salesforce.com
7 38 (2.38%) HP
8 35 (2.19%) Splunk
9 24 (1.50%) SAP
10 21 (1.31%) VMware
11 20 (1.25%) Adobe
11 20 (1.25%) IBM
12 19 (1.19%) MuleSoft
13 18 (1.13%) hybris
13 18 (1.13%) webMethods
14 16 (1.00%) Red Hat
15 14 (0.88%) AppDynamics
16 12 (0.75%) Sparx
17 11 (0.69%) Elastic Path
17 11 (0.69%) F5