Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 82 119 135
Rank change year-on-year +37 +16 +17
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,838 1,946 1,875
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.98% 2.05% 1.93%
As % of the Development Applications category 14.05% 10.95% 11.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,884 1,293 1,236
England median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £575 £569 £556
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.66% +5.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 8 18
England median hourly rate £35.50 £47.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.26% -8.65% +4.00%
10th Percentile £21.03 £29.28 £40.69
90th Percentile £43.28 £53.00 £59.31
UK median hourly rate £35.50 £47.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year -25.26% -8.65% +4.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,203 17,772 15,989
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.23% 18.73% 16.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,982 12,464 10,824
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +5.59%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £605 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 272 232
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £25.52 £29.00 £26.16
90th Percentile £54.88 £58.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +42 1,401 £475 - 215
South East +32 437 £400 - 101
North of England +45 410 £405 +8.00% 129
Midlands +53 287 £405 +4.45% 66
North West +67 217 £425 +14.86% 68
West Midlands +64 199 £408 +8.67% 47
South West +25 195 £425 +14.86% 68
Yorkshire +3 147 £375 - 35
East of England +23 105 £400 +5.26% 46
East Midlands +10 87 £384 -4.06% 19
North East +5 47 £396 -6.82% 26
South Coast - 3 - -
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,224 (78.37%) Test Automation
2 1,873 (66.00%) Agile Software Development
3 1,484 (52.29%) Java
4 1,168 (41.16%) Cucumber
5 939 (33.09%) Jenkins
6 924 (32.56%) JavaScript
7 909 (32.03%) BDD
8 746 (26.29%) Git (software)
9 745 (26.25%) QA
10 743 (26.18%) C#
11 723 (25.48%) TDD
12 709 (24.98%) JIRA
13 700 (24.67%) Scrum
14 682 (24.03%) Continuous Integration
15 670 (23.61%) WebDriver
16 586 (20.65%) SQL
17 563 (19.84%) DevOps
18 532 (18.75%) CSS
19 528 (18.60%) HTML
20 504 (17.76%) Docker
21 484 (17.05%) .NET
22 443 (15.61%) Finance
23 417 (14.69%) AngularJS
24 401 (14.13%) API Testing
25 399 (14.06%) Microservices
26 393 (13.85%) Python
27 391 (13.78%) Gherkin
28 389 (13.71%) JMeter
29 377 (13.28%) Web Services
30 365 (12.86%) REST

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 344 (12.12%) Confluence
2 83 (2.92%) Tomcat
3 65 (2.29%) Apache
4 60 (2.11%) CMS
5 54 (1.90%) nginx
6 53 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
7 50 (1.76%) SharePoint
8 49 (1.73%) JBoss
9 41 (1.44%) WebLogic
10 33 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
11 27 (0.95%) Gunicorn
12 21 (0.74%) Mule
13 20 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 20 (0.70%) Documentum
14 19 (0.67%) Apache Solr
14 19 (0.67%) Apache Spark
14 19 (0.67%) IIS
14 19 (0.67%) NServiceBus
15 17 (0.60%) Umbraco
16 15 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 20 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.39%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.35%) Fireworks
4 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.070%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.035%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.035%) HipChat
8 1 (0.035%) InVision
8 1 (0.035%) Mingle
8 1 (0.035%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.035%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 52 (1.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.18%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (0.18%) SAP PSCD
4 4 (0.14%) Magento
4 4 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
5 3 (0.11%) SAP ERP
5 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.070%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.035%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 353 (12.44%) Amazon AWS
2 342 (12.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 206 (7.26%) GitHub
4 109 (3.84%) BrowserStack
5 65 (2.29%) Google Analytics
6 61 (2.15%) Google Cloud Platform
7 60 (2.11%) Sauce Labs
8 57 (2.01%) Serverless
9 53 (1.87%) AWS Lambda
10 38 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
11 37 (1.30%) Slack
12 36 (1.27%) IaaS
12 36 (1.27%) npm
13 35 (1.23%) PaaS
14 34 (1.20%) OpenShift
15 30 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
15 30 (1.06%) SaaS
16 25 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
17 20 (0.70%) BlazeMeter
18 19 (0.67%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 139 (4.90%) HTTP
2 64 (2.26%) TCP/IP
3 57 (2.01%) SSL
4 45 (1.59%) Internet
5 22 (0.78%) Firewall
6 16 (0.56%) Skype
7 11 (0.39%) DNS
7 11 (0.39%) HTTPS
8 5 (0.18%) AMQP
9 4 (0.14%) PuTTY
9 4 (0.14%) SMS
9 4 (0.14%) WinSCP
10 3 (0.11%) BIG-IP
10 3 (0.11%) DHCP
10 3 (0.11%) ICMP
11 2 (0.070%) DSL
11 2 (0.070%) SSH
11 2 (0.070%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.035%) OpenLDAP
12 1 (0.035%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (7.19%) MongoDB
2 194 (6.84%) SQL Server
3 179 (6.31%) PostgreSQL
4 151 (5.32%) MySQL
5 124 (4.37%) NoSQL
6 108 (3.81%) Relational Database
7 40 (1.41%) Couchbase
7 40 (1.41%) Redis
8 38 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
9 34 (1.20%) SQL Server 2016
10 29 (1.02%) Big Data
11 26 (0.92%) RDBMS
12 25 (0.88%) Hadoop
12 25 (0.88%) Oracle Database
13 19 (0.67%) Cloudant
13 19 (0.67%) Data Warehouse
14 18 (0.63%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (0.53%) DB2
15 15 (0.53%) SQL Server 2012
16 13 (0.46%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,168 (41.16%) Cucumber
2 939 (33.09%) Jenkins
3 746 (26.29%) Git (software)
4 709 (24.98%) JIRA
5 670 (23.61%) WebDriver
6 389 (13.71%) JMeter
7 328 (11.56%) SoapUI
8 319 (11.24%) SpecFlow
9 300 (10.57%) JUnit
10 279 (9.83%) Maven
11 218 (7.68%) Gatling
12 171 (6.03%) Visual Studio
13 156 (5.50%) Visual Studio Team System
14 150 (5.29%) TeamCity
15 139 (4.90%) Bitbucket
16 133 (4.69%) Team Foundation Server
17 127 (4.47%) HP UFT
18 126 (4.44%) Protractor
19 122 (4.30%) Ant
20 113 (3.98%) Appium
General
1 443 (15.61%) Finance
2 187 (6.59%) Banking
3 126 (4.44%) Retail
4 39 (1.37%) Marketing
5 27 (0.95%) Advertising
6 25 (0.88%) Games
7 24 (0.85%) Telecoms
8 21 (0.74%) Manufacturing
9 18 (0.63%) Back Office
9 18 (0.63%) Investment Banking
10 17 (0.60%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.49%) Electronics
12 12 (0.42%) Front Office
12 12 (0.42%) Law
13 9 (0.32%) Legal
13 9 (0.32%) Retail Banking
14 6 (0.21%) Online Betting
15 5 (0.18%) Automotive
16 3 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
16 3 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 837 (29.49%) Developer
2 654 (23.04%) Tester
3 480 (16.91%) Automation Tester
4 398 (14.02%) Analyst
5 350 (12.33%) Test Analyst
6 311 (10.96%) Test Engineer
7 211 (7.43%) Java Developer
8 204 (7.19%) Developer in Test
9 196 (6.91%) Automation Test Analyst
10 189 (6.66%) Test Automation Engineer
11 183 (6.45%) Selenium Tester
12 174 (6.13%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 122 (4.30%) Java Automation Tester
14 121 (4.26%) DevOps Engineer
14 121 (4.26%) Test Automation Developer
15 118 (4.16%) QA Tester
16 117 (4.12%) .NET Developer
17 110 (3.88%) QA Engineer
18 100 (3.52%) C# Developer
19 97 (3.42%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 532 (18.75%) CSS
2 528 (18.60%) HTML
3 484 (17.05%) .NET
4 417 (14.69%) AngularJS
5 391 (13.78%) Gherkin
6 377 (13.28%) Web Services
7 365 (12.86%) REST
8 340 (11.98%) Node.js
9 284 (10.01%) SOAP
10 268 (9.44%) RESTful
11 252 (8.88%) XML
12 245 (8.63%) JSON
13 243 (8.56%) HTML5
14 219 (7.72%) React
15 199 (7.01%) Spring
16 175 (6.17%) jQuery
17 155 (5.46%) ASP.NET
18 126 (4.44%) .NET Framework
19 111 (3.91%) Jest
20 104 (3.66%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 186 (6.55%) Analytical Skills
2 122 (4.30%) Greenfield Project
3 112 (3.95%) User Experience
4 108 (3.81%) Mobile App
5 95 (3.35%) Fintech
6 84 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
7 82 (2.89%) Computer Science
8 41 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
9 39 (1.37%) Algorithms
10 37 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 25 (0.88%) Virtual Team
12 24 (0.85%) Data Structures
13 16 (0.56%) NHS
14 14 (0.49%) Public Cloud
15 13 (0.46%) Client/Server
16 12 (0.42%) Video on Demand
17 10 (0.35%) Management Information System
18 9 (0.32%) Enterprise Software
19 8 (0.28%) Fixed Income
20 7 (0.25%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 352 (12.40%) Linux
2 245 (8.63%) Windows
3 184 (6.48%) Unix
4 77 (2.71%) Ubuntu
5 65 (2.29%) Apple iOS
6 58 (2.04%) Android
7 38 (1.34%) Windows Server
8 36 (1.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.53%) VMS
10 13 (0.46%) Mac OS X
11 11 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.35%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
14 8 (0.28%) CentOS
14 8 (0.28%) Solaris
15 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.14%) Debian
17 1 (0.035%) Embedded Linux
17 1 (0.035%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,224 (78.37%) Test Automation
2 1,873 (66.00%) Agile Software Development
3 909 (32.03%) BDD
4 723 (25.48%) TDD
5 700 (24.67%) Scrum
6 682 (24.03%) Continuous Integration
7 563 (19.84%) DevOps
8 401 (14.13%) API Testing
9 399 (14.06%) Microservices
10 347 (12.23%) SDET
11 284 (10.01%) Test Strategy
12 282 (9.94%) Test Scripting
13 248 (8.74%) Kanban
14 243 (8.56%) Performance Testing
15 239 (8.42%) Open Source
16 232 (8.17%) Problem-Solving
17 227 (8.00%) Continuous Delivery
18 211 (7.43%) OO
19 207 (7.29%) Regression Testing
20 197 (6.94%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,484 (52.29%) Java
2 924 (32.56%) JavaScript
3 743 (26.18%) C#
4 586 (20.65%) SQL
5 393 (13.85%) Python
6 167 (5.88%) Ruby
7 155 (5.46%) Groovy
8 147 (5.18%) Scala
9 113 (3.98%) Java 8
10 91 (3.21%) ES6
11 86 (3.03%) TypeScript
12 83 (2.92%) Perl
13 82 (2.89%) Bash Shell
13 82 (2.89%) PHP
14 61 (2.15%) C++
15 56 (1.97%) Go
16 50 (1.76%) C
17 48 (1.69%) Haskell
18 46 (1.62%) PL/SQL
19 40 (1.41%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 245 (8.63%) Security Cleared
2 192 (6.77%) ISTQB
3 189 (6.66%) SC Cleared
4 156 (5.50%) ISEB
5 120 (4.23%) Degree
6 51 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
7 47 (1.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 35 (1.23%) BPSS Clearance
8 35 (1.23%) DV Cleared
9 18 (0.63%) DBS Check
10 14 (0.49%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 12 (0.42%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.35%) ISEB Practitioner
13 8 (0.28%) CCNA
13 8 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
14 6 (0.21%) AWS Certification
15 5 (0.18%) CISSP
15 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
15 5 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
16 4 (0.14%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 745 (26.25%) QA
2 24 (0.85%) WCAG
3 21 (0.74%) Data Quality
4 15 (0.53%) PMO
5 11 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.21%) GDPR
7 1 (0.035%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 504 (17.76%) Docker
2 20 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (0.56%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.39%) HDFS
6 8 (0.28%) vSphere
7 4 (0.14%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.14%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.11%) LXC
8 3 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.035%) ACF2
9 1 (0.035%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.035%) IAG
9 1 (0.035%) RACF
Systems Management
1 190 (6.69%) Puppet
2 144 (5.07%) Ansible
3 131 (4.62%) Kubernetes
4 107 (3.77%) Kibana
5 82 (2.89%) Grafana
6 76 (2.68%) Opscode Chef
7 74 (2.61%) Terraform
8 50 (1.76%) HP Quality Center
9 30 (1.06%) logstash
10 22 (0.78%) HP ALM
11 21 (0.74%) Graphite
12 15 (0.53%) Nagios
13 11 (0.39%) Packer
14 10 (0.35%) CA Service Virtualization
15 9 (0.32%) WMI
16 8 (0.28%) ZABBIX
17 6 (0.21%) Nessus
17 6 (0.21%) Oozie
17 6 (0.21%) OpenView
17 6 (0.21%) SCOM
Vendors
1 265 (9.34%) Microsoft
2 185 (6.52%) Oracle
3 138 (4.86%) Google
4 99 (3.49%) Atlassian
5 61 (2.15%) Adobe
6 59 (2.08%) Splunk
7 58 (2.04%) HP
8 41 (1.44%) Red Hat
9 39 (1.37%) webMethods
10 35 (1.23%) SAP
11 34 (1.20%) IBM
12 31 (1.09%) AppDynamics
13 29 (1.02%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 27 (0.95%) hybris
15 25 (0.88%) Perfecto Mobile
16 24 (0.85%) Pega
17 19 (0.67%) CA Agile Central
18 16 (0.56%) New Relic
18 16 (0.56%) VMware
18 16 (0.56%) Zend