Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 205 175 137
Rank change year-on-year -30 -38 -48
Contract jobs citing Selenium 966 534 1,276
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.40% 1.57% 1.94%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.87% 9.23% 11.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 726 403 881
10th Percentile £351 £325 £313
25th Percentile £408 £366 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £485 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +7.78% - -
75th Percentile £588 £538 £538
90th Percentile £675 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £485 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +7.78% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 4
10th Percentile £36.25 £46.00 £26.18
25th Percentile £44.31 £51.75 £29.44
Median hourly rate £57.50 £58.00 £42.25
Median % change year-on-year -0.86% +37.28% +19.86%
75th Percentile £65.51 - £58.00
90th Percentile £66.35 £59.50 £67.00
UK median hourly rate £65.50 £58.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year +12.93% +37.28% +19.86%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,269 5,785 11,316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.73% 16.99% 17.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,599 3,962 7,785
10th Percentile £385 £320 £325
25th Percentile £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% - -2.56%
75th Percentile £650 £563 £575
90th Percentile £734 £638 £650
UK median daily rate £540 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +13.68% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 132 138
10th Percentile £36.56 £30.00 £16.20
25th Percentile £39.75 £40.38 £20.50
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% +1.12% +1.71%
75th Percentile £64.75 £55.00 £52.44
90th Percentile £75.00 £61.25 £74.73
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year +16.67% +1.12% +1.14%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -43 475 £538 +19.44% 148
North of England -37 122 £420 -11.58% 58
South West +24 99 £475 +5.56% 30
South East -61 80 £475 -1.55% 56
Midlands -31 76 £405 +1.25% 30
Yorkshire -3 64 £413 -8.33% 19
West Midlands -41 48 £405 -5.81% 21
North West -35 47 £463 -2.12% 28
East Midlands -11 28 £360 - 9
East of England -42 27 £485 +14.12% 26
North East -22 14 £475 -5.00% 11
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 708 (73.29%) Test Automation
2 534 (55.28%) Agile Software Development
3 476 (49.28%) Java
4 454 (47.00%) Cucumber
5 315 (32.61%) Jenkins
6 298 (30.85%) DevOps
7 297 (30.75%) CI/CD
8 243 (25.16%) Azure
9 231 (23.91%) JIRA
10 229 (23.71%) BDD
11 226 (23.40%) SQL
12 223 (23.08%) C#
13 221 (22.88%) Git (software)
14 220 (22.77%) Software Testing
15 208 (21.53%) JavaScript
16 205 (21.22%) QA
17 200 (20.70%) Scrum
18 194 (20.08%) TDD
19 177 (18.32%) API Testing
20 175 (18.12%) Finance
21 171 (17.70%) Security Cleared
22 167 (17.29%) Social Skills
23 166 (17.18%) Postman
24 165 (17.08%) SoapUI
25 162 (16.77%) Microservices
26 157 (16.25%) Test Scripting
27 155 (16.05%) Continuous Integration
27 155 (16.05%) Docker
28 149 (15.42%) SpecFlow
29 141 (14.60%) JMeter

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (10.35%) Confluence
2 38 (3.93%) IIS
3 28 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (1.97%) WebLogic
5 18 (1.86%) Tomcat
6 16 (1.66%) SharePoint
7 12 (1.24%) Apache
8 11 (1.14%) GemFire
9 9 (0.93%) Appian
10 8 (0.83%) WebSphere
11 7 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.52%) Ethereum
12 5 (0.52%) JBoss
13 4 (0.41%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.41%) Mattermost
13 4 (0.41%) Mule
13 4 (0.41%) nginx
13 4 (0.41%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.41%) WebLogic Portal
14 3 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 11 (1.14%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.04%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.10%) FileZilla
5 1 (0.10%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (1.35%) SAP FI-CA
1 13 (1.35%) SAP PSCD
2 6 (0.62%) Oracle Cash Management
2 6 (0.62%) SAP HCM
3 3 (0.31%) Endur
3 3 (0.31%) Magento
3 3 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
3 3 (0.31%) Oracle General Ledger
3 3 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
3 3 (0.31%) Oracle Receivables
4 2 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 243 (25.16%) Azure
2 130 (13.46%) AWS
3 83 (8.59%) GitHub
4 57 (5.90%) PaaS
5 53 (5.49%) IaaS
6 42 (4.35%) SaaS
7 33 (3.42%) BrowserStack
8 27 (2.80%) Azure Active Directory
9 25 (2.59%) GCP
9 25 (2.59%) NuGet
10 23 (2.38%) Datadog
11 21 (2.17%) OpenShift
12 18 (1.86%) npm
13 16 (1.66%) Serverless
13 16 (1.66%) Yarn
14 15 (1.55%) Power Platform
15 13 (1.35%) Dynamics 365
15 13 (1.35%) Tricentis Tosca
16 11 (1.14%) Azure Monitor
17 10 (1.04%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 28 (2.90%) HTTP
2 11 (1.14%) Firewall
3 3 (0.31%) FTP
3 3 (0.31%) LAN
4 2 (0.21%) DNS
4 2 (0.21%) DSL
4 2 (0.21%) SSL
4 2 (0.21%) VPN
4 2 (0.21%) Wireshark
5 1 (0.10%) 2G
5 1 (0.10%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.10%) BitTorrent
5 1 (0.10%) Network Security
5 1 (0.10%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.10%) SSH
5 1 (0.10%) tcpdump
5 1 (0.10%) Telnet
5 1 (0.10%) WAAS
5 1 (0.10%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (7.14%) SQL Server
2 42 (4.35%) MongoDB
3 30 (3.11%) Relational Database
4 27 (2.80%) NoSQL
4 27 (2.80%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
5 19 (1.97%) MySQL
6 15 (1.55%) RDBMS
7 14 (1.45%) Redis
8 13 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (1.14%) InterSystems Cache
9 11 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 8 (0.83%) Oracle Database
11 7 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 6 (0.62%) Oracle Reports
12 6 (0.62%) Power BI
13 5 (0.52%) BigQuery
13 5 (0.52%) Blockchain
13 5 (0.52%) Data Lake
13 5 (0.52%) DB2
Development Applications
1 454 (47.00%) Cucumber
2 315 (32.61%) Jenkins
3 231 (23.91%) JIRA
4 221 (22.88%) Git (software)
5 166 (17.18%) Postman
6 165 (17.08%) SoapUI
7 149 (15.42%) SpecFlow
8 141 (14.60%) JMeter
9 126 (13.04%) WebDriver
10 98 (10.14%) Maven
11 92 (9.52%) JUnit
12 79 (8.18%) SonarQube
13 68 (7.04%) Sonatype Nexus
14 64 (6.63%) Cypress.io
14 64 (6.63%) REST Assured
15 62 (6.42%) Bitbucket
16 58 (6.00%) Robot Framework
17 42 (4.35%) Gatling
18 40 (4.14%) TeamCity
19 33 (3.42%) Zephyr
General
1 175 (18.12%) Finance
2 167 (17.29%) Social Skills
3 119 (12.32%) Banking
4 74 (7.66%) Public Sector
5 49 (5.07%) Analytical Skills
6 46 (4.76%) Investment Banking
7 40 (4.14%) Front Office
8 19 (1.97%) Back Office
8 19 (1.97%) Marketing
9 15 (1.55%) Influencing Skills
9 15 (1.55%) Retail
10 11 (1.14%) Documentation Skills
11 7 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
11 7 (0.72%) Presentation Skills
11 7 (0.72%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.62%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.52%) Electronics
13 5 (0.52%) Law
13 5 (0.52%) Legal
13 5 (0.52%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 212 (21.95%) Tester
2 204 (21.12%) Developer
3 162 (16.77%) Test Engineer
4 157 (16.25%) Automation Tester
5 114 (11.80%) Analyst
6 110 (11.39%) Test Analyst
7 92 (9.52%) Test Automation Engineer
8 65 (6.73%) DevOps Engineer
8 65 (6.73%) Java Developer
9 57 (5.90%) Developer in Test
10 46 (4.76%) Test Leader
11 45 (4.66%) Senior Developer
12 40 (4.14%) Software Developer
13 33 (3.42%) QA Engineer
14 30 (3.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 28 (2.90%) Software Engineer
16 27 (2.80%) JavaScript Developer
16 27 (2.80%) Test Automation Developer
17 26 (2.69%) Senior Java Developer
18 25 (2.59%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 123 (12.73%) .NET
2 110 (11.39%) REST
3 104 (10.77%) HTML
4 102 (10.56%) SOAP
5 96 (9.94%) CSS
6 95 (9.83%) Web Services
7 90 (9.32%) XML
8 85 (8.80%) Gherkin
9 82 (8.49%) JSON
10 81 (8.39%) RESTful
11 76 (7.87%) Spring
12 68 (7.04%) Node.js
13 65 (6.73%) React
14 59 (6.11%) AngularJS
15 54 (5.59%) Spring Boot
16 36 (3.73%) .NET Framework
17 32 (3.31%) Swagger
18 29 (3.00%) Elastic Stack
19 28 (2.90%) Jest
19 28 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 39 (4.04%) User Experience
2 36 (3.73%) Cloud Native
3 29 (3.00%) Greenfield Project
4 27 (2.80%) Mobile App
5 25 (2.59%) Data Structures
6 18 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (1.76%) Equities
8 16 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
9 14 (1.45%) N-Tier
10 13 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
10 13 (1.35%) NHS
11 12 (1.24%) Algorithms
12 8 (0.83%) Legacy Systems
13 7 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
13 7 (0.72%) Virtual Team
14 6 (0.62%) Client/Server
15 5 (0.52%) Mainframe
15 5 (0.52%) Management Information System
15 5 (0.52%) Video on Demand
15 5 (0.52%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 126 (13.04%) Linux
2 108 (11.18%) Unix
3 84 (8.70%) Windows
4 19 (1.97%) Apple iOS
5 15 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.45%) Windows Server
7 13 (1.35%) CentOS
7 13 (1.35%) Ubuntu
8 12 (1.24%) Android
9 11 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.72%) Solaris
11 5 (0.52%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.52%) tvOS
12 3 (0.31%) AIX
13 2 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.10%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.10%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 708 (73.29%) Test Automation
2 534 (55.28%) Agile Software Development
3 298 (30.85%) DevOps
4 297 (30.75%) CI/CD
5 229 (23.71%) BDD
6 220 (22.77%) Software Testing
7 200 (20.70%) Scrum
8 194 (20.08%) TDD
9 177 (18.32%) API Testing
10 162 (16.77%) Microservices
11 157 (16.25%) Test Scripting
12 155 (16.05%) Continuous Integration
13 117 (12.11%) SDET
14 101 (10.46%) Test Strategy
15 100 (10.35%) Problem-Solving
16 93 (9.63%) Scenario Testing
17 90 (9.32%) Performance Testing
18 87 (9.01%) Regression Testing
19 80 (8.28%) Kanban
20 77 (7.97%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 476 (49.28%) Java
2 226 (23.40%) SQL
3 223 (23.08%) C#
4 208 (21.53%) JavaScript
5 128 (13.25%) Python
6 68 (7.04%) TypeScript
7 39 (4.04%) Java 8
8 33 (3.42%) Bash
9 30 (3.11%) Scala
10 27 (2.80%) PowerShell
11 25 (2.59%) Ruby
12 23 (2.38%) Groovy
13 21 (2.17%) ES6
13 21 (2.17%) VB
14 18 (1.86%) PHP
14 18 (1.86%) Shell Script
15 12 (1.24%) PL/SQL
16 11 (1.14%) C++
16 11 (1.14%) Go
17 8 (0.83%) XPath
Qualifications
1 171 (17.70%) Security Cleared
2 132 (13.66%) SC Cleared
3 114 (11.80%) ISTQB
4 73 (7.56%) ISEB
5 72 (7.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 47 (4.87%) DV Cleared
7 41 (4.24%) Degree
8 20 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
9 19 (1.97%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.72%) CEH
10 7 (0.72%) MCSA
10 7 (0.72%) MCSE
10 7 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 4 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.21%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.10%) CFA
14 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.10%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 205 (21.22%) QA
2 49 (5.07%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.31%) GDPR
3 3 (0.31%) WCAG
4 2 (0.21%) IFRS
4 2 (0.21%) PSD2
5 1 (0.10%) GxP
5 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.10%) NIST
5 1 (0.10%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.10%) SLA
5 1 (0.10%) SOC 1
5 1 (0.10%) SOC 2
5 1 (0.10%) Solvency II
System Software
1 155 (16.05%) Docker
2 34 (3.52%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.41%) vSphere
5 2 (0.21%) HDFS
5 2 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 119 (12.32%) Kubernetes
2 104 (10.77%) Ansible
3 76 (7.87%) Terraform
4 64 (6.63%) Puppet
5 28 (2.90%) Kibana
6 24 (2.48%) Netcool
7 20 (2.07%) Grafana
8 19 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
9 18 (1.86%) Nagios
10 15 (1.55%) logstash
11 14 (1.45%) HP Quality Center
12 13 (1.35%) Prometheus
13 11 (1.14%) Argo
13 11 (1.14%) Graphite
14 8 (0.83%) ZABBIX
15 7 (0.72%) HP ALM
16 6 (0.62%) Packer
17 4 (0.41%) vCenter Server
18 2 (0.21%) CA Service Virtualization
18 2 (0.21%) Graylog
Vendors
1 126 (13.04%) Microsoft
2 102 (10.56%) Oracle
3 51 (5.28%) Splunk
4 41 (4.24%) AppDynamics
5 27 (2.80%) SAP
6 26 (2.69%) New Relic
7 22 (2.28%) Google
8 19 (1.97%) Atlassian
9 15 (1.55%) HP
9 15 (1.55%) IBM
10 14 (1.45%) Micro Focus
11 13 (1.35%) MuleSoft
12 12 (1.24%) webMethods
13 8 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (0.72%) Apple
14 7 (0.72%) Red Hat
15 6 (0.62%) VMware
16 5 (0.52%) Checkmarx
16 5 (0.52%) CollabNet
16 5 (0.52%) ForgeRock