Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 83 115 106
Rank change year-on-year +32 -9 +42
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,667 1,994 2,035
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.93% 2.16% 2.25%
As % of the Development Applications category 13.59% 11.61% 13.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,758 1,358 1,326
England median daily rate £450 £431 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +5.77%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £285
90th Percentile £580 £575 £538
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +4.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 7 14
England median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £45.94
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% +3.41% -8.13%
10th Percentile £29.25 £26.95 £39.93
90th Percentile £39.00 £55.50 £58.77
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £45.94
% change year-on-year -26.32% +3.41% -8.13%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,620 17,181 15,037
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.52% 18.60% 16.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,476 12,152 10,075
England median daily rate £488 £470 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.72% +9.30% +4.24%
10th Percentile £331 £313 £305
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £453 £425
% change year-on-year +4.97% +6.47% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 227 223 219
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.30% +6.10% +2.50%
10th Percentile £32.13 £30.05 £23.80
90th Percentile £55.00 £62.25 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +6.10% +2.50%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 1,300 £475 - 244
South East +19 437 £425 +2.41% 108
North of England +31 390 £405 +8.00% 124
Midlands +47 267 £408 +1.88% 68
North West +50 199 £434 +16.05% 62
West Midlands +62 191 £418 +11.33% 44
South West +8 187 £425 +13.33% 103
Yorkshire -3 129 £375 - 44
East of England +10 86 £375 -16.67% 30
East Midlands -1 76 £402 +0.56% 24
North East +17 63 £390 -4.42% 18
South Coast - 3 - -
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,084 (78.14%) Test Automation
2 1,718 (64.42%) Agile Software Development
3 1,372 (51.44%) Java
4 1,112 (41.69%) Cucumber
5 930 (34.87%) Jenkins
6 879 (32.96%) BDD
7 868 (32.55%) JavaScript
8 684 (25.65%) QA
9 681 (25.53%) Git (software)
10 665 (24.93%) TDD
11 661 (24.78%) JIRA
11 661 (24.78%) C#
12 660 (24.75%) Continuous Integration
13 638 (23.92%) WebDriver
13 638 (23.92%) Scrum
14 586 (21.97%) SQL
15 580 (21.75%) DevOps
16 519 (19.46%) Docker
17 471 (17.66%) HTML
18 470 (17.62%) CSS
19 424 (15.90%) .NET
20 397 (14.89%) Python
21 395 (14.81%) Microservices
22 393 (14.74%) AngularJS
23 392 (14.70%) Finance
24 368 (13.80%) JMeter
24 368 (13.80%) REST
25 357 (13.39%) Web Services
26 343 (12.86%) SDET
27 339 (12.71%) Confluence

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 339 (12.71%) Confluence
2 82 (3.07%) Tomcat
3 72 (2.70%) Apache
4 63 (2.36%) nginx
5 60 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
6 55 (2.06%) JBoss
6 55 (2.06%) WebLogic
7 51 (1.91%) CMS
8 47 (1.76%) SharePoint
9 35 (1.31%) Documentum
10 30 (1.12%) Gunicorn
11 23 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
12 22 (0.82%) Mule
13 20 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 19 (0.71%) Apache Solr
15 18 (0.67%) Apache Spark
16 17 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
17 14 (0.52%) NServiceBus
18 13 (0.49%) OpenStack
19 12 (0.45%) Umbraco
Applications
1 19 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.075%) InVision
5 2 (0.075%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.075%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.037%) HipChat
6 1 (0.037%) Mingle
6 1 (0.037%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 52 (1.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.37%) Sentinel
3 8 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
4 6 (0.22%) Magento
5 5 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
5 5 (0.19%) SAP FI-CA
5 5 (0.19%) SAP PSCD
6 3 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.075%) Orchard Housing
8 1 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.037%) Oracle Cash Management
8 1 (0.037%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 324 (12.15%) Amazon AWS
2 307 (11.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 229 (8.59%) GitHub
4 101 (3.79%) BrowserStack
5 72 (2.70%) Google Analytics
6 68 (2.55%) Serverless
7 59 (2.21%) AWS Lambda
8 57 (2.14%) Sauce Labs
9 43 (1.61%) Google Cloud Platform
10 36 (1.35%) SaaS
10 36 (1.35%) Slack
11 35 (1.31%) OpenShift
12 33 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
12 33 (1.24%) PaaS
13 29 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
13 29 (1.09%) IaaS
14 26 (0.97%) npm
15 22 (0.82%) Amazon EC2
16 18 (0.67%) Datadog
17 17 (0.64%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 112 (4.20%) HTTP
2 65 (2.44%) TCP/IP
3 60 (2.25%) SSL
4 43 (1.61%) Internet
5 18 (0.67%) Firewall
6 15 (0.56%) Skype
7 9 (0.34%) AMQP
8 7 (0.26%) DNS
8 7 (0.26%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.15%) BIG-IP
10 3 (0.11%) SMS
11 2 (0.075%) DSL
11 2 (0.075%) SSH
11 2 (0.075%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.037%) ICMP
12 1 (0.037%) OpenLDAP
12 1 (0.037%) PuTTY
12 1 (0.037%) SNMP
12 1 (0.037%) VoIP
12 1 (0.037%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (7.50%) MongoDB
2 172 (6.45%) SQL Server
3 154 (5.77%) MySQL
4 151 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
5 135 (5.06%) NoSQL
6 102 (3.82%) Relational Database
7 41 (1.54%) Redis
8 40 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
9 36 (1.35%) Couchbase
10 27 (1.01%) RDBMS
11 26 (0.97%) Big Data
12 23 (0.86%) Hadoop
13 22 (0.82%) SQL Server 2016
14 20 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
15 19 (0.71%) Cloudant
15 19 (0.71%) Data Mining
16 18 (0.67%) Azure SQL Database
17 17 (0.64%) Oracle Database
17 17 (0.64%) SQL Server 2008
18 14 (0.52%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 1,112 (41.69%) Cucumber
2 930 (34.87%) Jenkins
3 681 (25.53%) Git (software)
4 661 (24.78%) JIRA
5 638 (23.92%) WebDriver
6 368 (13.80%) JMeter
7 307 (11.51%) SoapUI
8 274 (10.27%) JUnit
9 270 (10.12%) Maven
10 264 (9.90%) SpecFlow
11 219 (8.21%) Gatling
12 160 (6.00%) Visual Studio Team System
13 141 (5.29%) Visual Studio
14 133 (4.99%) TeamCity
15 123 (4.61%) HP UFT
16 119 (4.46%) Ant
16 119 (4.46%) Bitbucket
17 116 (4.35%) gulp
17 116 (4.35%) Protractor
18 112 (4.20%) IntelliJ
General
1 392 (14.70%) Finance
2 175 (6.56%) Banking
3 134 (5.02%) Retail
4 40 (1.50%) Marketing
5 29 (1.09%) Games
6 25 (0.94%) Advertising
7 24 (0.90%) Telecoms
8 20 (0.75%) Manufacturing
9 18 (0.67%) Back Office
10 17 (0.64%) Law
11 16 (0.60%) Electronics
12 15 (0.56%) Financial Institution
13 14 (0.52%) Front Office
13 14 (0.52%) Investment Banking
14 8 (0.30%) Legal
15 6 (0.22%) Online Betting
15 6 (0.22%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.11%) Automotive
16 3 (0.11%) Publishing
17 2 (0.075%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 740 (27.75%) Developer
2 676 (25.35%) Tester
3 490 (18.37%) Automation Tester
4 387 (14.51%) Analyst
5 350 (13.12%) Test Analyst
6 298 (11.17%) Test Engineer
7 199 (7.46%) Developer in Test
8 187 (7.01%) Selenium Tester
9 182 (6.82%) Automation Test Analyst
10 175 (6.56%) Java Developer
11 174 (6.52%) Selenium Automation Tester
12 168 (6.30%) Test Automation Engineer
13 129 (4.84%) Java Automation Tester
14 126 (4.72%) QA Tester
15 123 (4.61%) DevOps Engineer
16 114 (4.27%) Test Automation Developer
17 98 (3.67%) Test Leader
18 94 (3.52%) .NET Developer
18 94 (3.52%) Software Developer
19 91 (3.41%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 471 (17.66%) HTML
2 470 (17.62%) CSS
3 424 (15.90%) .NET
4 393 (14.74%) AngularJS
5 368 (13.80%) REST
6 357 (13.39%) Web Services
7 331 (12.41%) Gherkin
8 328 (12.30%) Node.js
9 277 (10.39%) SOAP
10 242 (9.07%) RESTful
11 221 (8.29%) HTML5
12 216 (8.10%) XML
13 210 (7.87%) JSON
14 202 (7.57%) Spring
15 175 (6.56%) React
16 168 (6.30%) jQuery
17 106 (3.97%) Jest
18 104 (3.90%) ASP.NET
19 98 (3.67%) .NET Framework
20 93 (3.49%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 163 (6.11%) Analytical Skills
2 113 (4.24%) Greenfield Project
3 82 (3.07%) Mobile App
4 79 (2.96%) User Experience
5 75 (2.81%) Fintech
6 54 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
7 36 (1.35%) Algorithms
8 32 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 32 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
8 32 (1.20%) Virtual Team
9 19 (0.71%) Data Structures
10 16 (0.60%) NHS
11 15 (0.56%) Client/Server
12 14 (0.52%) Public Cloud
13 11 (0.41%) Video on Demand
14 10 (0.37%) Enterprise Software
15 9 (0.34%) Management Information System
15 9 (0.34%) Social Media
15 9 (0.34%) Video\Live Streaming
16 7 (0.26%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 307 (11.51%) Linux
2 201 (7.54%) Windows
3 178 (6.67%) Unix
4 79 (2.96%) Ubuntu
5 67 (2.51%) Apple iOS
6 55 (2.06%) Android
7 24 (0.90%) Windows Server
8 22 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 13 (0.49%) VMS
10 12 (0.45%) Mac OS
10 12 (0.45%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.30%) Solaris
12 6 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.19%) CentOS
13 5 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
13 5 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
14 4 (0.15%) Debian
14 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,084 (78.14%) Test Automation
2 1,718 (64.42%) Agile Software Development
3 879 (32.96%) BDD
4 665 (24.93%) TDD
5 660 (24.75%) Continuous Integration
6 638 (23.92%) Scrum
7 580 (21.75%) DevOps
8 395 (14.81%) Microservices
9 343 (12.86%) SDET
10 302 (11.32%) API Testing
11 278 (10.42%) Test Strategy
12 259 (9.71%) Test Scripting
13 241 (9.04%) Continuous Delivery
14 224 (8.40%) Manual Testing
15 223 (8.36%) Performance Testing
16 211 (7.91%) Open Source
16 211 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
17 208 (7.80%) Kanban
18 193 (7.24%) OO
19 187 (7.01%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,372 (51.44%) Java
2 868 (32.55%) JavaScript
3 661 (24.78%) C#
4 586 (21.97%) SQL
5 397 (14.89%) Python
6 163 (6.11%) Ruby
7 145 (5.44%) Groovy
8 137 (5.14%) Scala
9 112 (4.20%) Java 8
10 87 (3.26%) TypeScript
11 83 (3.11%) ES6
11 83 (3.11%) Perl
12 82 (3.07%) Bash Shell
13 77 (2.89%) PHP
14 55 (2.06%) Go
15 54 (2.02%) Haskell
16 48 (1.80%) C++
17 42 (1.57%) PL/SQL
18 29 (1.09%) PowerShell
19 27 (1.01%) C
Qualifications
1 210 (7.87%) Security Cleared
2 164 (6.15%) ISTQB
3 159 (5.96%) SC Cleared
4 131 (4.91%) ISEB
5 104 (3.90%) Degree
6 47 (1.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 45 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
8 39 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
9 32 (1.20%) DV Cleared
10 17 (0.64%) DBS Check
11 12 (0.45%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 6 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
14 5 (0.19%) CCNA
14 5 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.19%) CISSP
15 3 (0.11%) GIAC
15 3 (0.11%) MCSE
15 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.11%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 684 (25.65%) QA
2 22 (0.82%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.79%) WCAG
4 10 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
4 10 (0.37%) PMO
5 7 (0.26%) GDPR
6 6 (0.22%) SEPA
7 3 (0.11%) SLA
8 2 (0.075%) MiFID
9 1 (0.037%) HL7
9 1 (0.037%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.037%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.037%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 519 (19.46%) Docker
2 12 (0.45%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.34%) HDFS
3 9 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.15%) vSphere
6 3 (0.11%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.075%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.075%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.037%) ACF2
8 1 (0.037%) IAG
8 1 (0.037%) RACF
Systems Management
1 188 (7.05%) Puppet
2 156 (5.85%) Ansible
3 133 (4.99%) Kubernetes
4 114 (4.27%) Kibana
5 89 (3.34%) Grafana
6 84 (3.15%) Terraform
7 68 (2.55%) Opscode Chef
8 44 (1.65%) HP Quality Center
9 28 (1.05%) logstash
10 23 (0.86%) Graphite
11 22 (0.82%) Nagios
12 21 (0.79%) HP ALM
13 13 (0.49%) CA Service Virtualization
14 9 (0.34%) Nessus
15 8 (0.30%) Rancher
16 7 (0.26%) Mesos
16 7 (0.26%) Packer
17 6 (0.22%) Marathon
17 6 (0.22%) Oozie
18 5 (0.19%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 238 (8.92%) Microsoft
2 174 (6.52%) Oracle
3 131 (4.91%) Google
4 102 (3.82%) Atlassian
5 72 (2.70%) Splunk
6 55 (2.06%) Adobe
7 51 (1.91%) HP
8 42 (1.57%) webMethods
9 41 (1.54%) IBM
10 40 (1.50%) Pega
11 39 (1.46%) SAP
12 32 (1.20%) hybris
13 31 (1.16%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 30 (1.12%) AppDynamics
14 30 (1.12%) Red Hat
15 22 (0.82%) New Relic
16 20 (0.75%) CA Agile Central
16 20 (0.75%) Perfecto Mobile
17 15 (0.56%) CA
18 12 (0.45%) Micro Focus