Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 235 210 135
Rank change year-on-year -25 -75 -19
Contract jobs citing Selenium 834 680 705
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.16% 1.29% 1.91%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.70% 7.40% 10.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 596 478 495
10th Percentile £363 £319 £319
25th Percentile £416 £374 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £449 £435
Median % change year-on-year +11.42% +3.16% -0.57%
75th Percentile £580 £525 £508
90th Percentile £644 £597 £575
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 20 5
10th Percentile £44.25 £47.18 £38.75
25th Percentile £45.94 £56.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £52.13 £65.50 £53.13
Median % change year-on-year -20.42% +23.29% +33.65%
75th Percentile £63.23 £69.50 £58.00
90th Percentile £65.46 £73.45 £62.80
UK median hourly rate £54.25 £64.25 £53.13
% change year-on-year -15.56% +20.94% +32.81%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,445 9,184 6,911
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.27% 17.42% 18.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,787 6,111 4,886
10th Percentile £400 £350 £340
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £670 £600 £594
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 178 173 92
10th Percentile £36.43 £24.89 £21.25
25th Percentile £41.25 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate £52.55 £50.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.09% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £55.00
90th Percentile £76.08 £65.53 £63.68
UK median hourly rate £52.70 £48.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +8.67% +2.09% +5.56%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -28 415 £550 +18.92% 75
South East +11 132 £463 +3.53% 42
North of England -60 84 £475 +11.76% 43
Midlands -16 65 £445 +17.88% 19
North West -19 47 £475 +13.10% 16
South West -5 46 £493 +9.44% 26
West Midlands -34 43 £423 +11.92% 14
Yorkshire -43 28 £475 +11.76% 16
East Midlands +9 22 £519 +41.64% 5
East of England -29 21 £500 +21.21% 12
North East -28 9 £350 -20.45% 11
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 668 (80.10%) Test Automation
2 486 (58.27%) Agile
3 405 (48.56%) Java
4 341 (40.89%) Cucumber
5 282 (33.81%) DevOps
6 259 (31.06%) QA
7 257 (30.82%) C#
8 247 (29.62%) JavaScript
9 245 (29.38%) CI/CD
10 244 (29.26%) Azure
11 231 (27.70%) Jenkins
12 210 (25.18%) Git (software)
13 205 (24.58%) SQL
14 200 (23.98%) BDD
15 193 (23.14%) Scrum
16 192 (23.02%) JIRA
17 180 (21.58%) Continuous Integration
18 165 (19.78%) Finance
18 165 (19.78%) Microservices
19 161 (19.30%) JMeter
20 152 (18.23%) TDD
21 149 (17.87%) Postman
22 144 (17.27%) RESTful
23 143 (17.15%) API Testing
24 140 (16.79%) Azure DevOps
25 139 (16.67%) Software Testing
26 138 (16.55%) Social Skills
27 135 (16.19%) .NET
28 134 (16.07%) Security Cleared
29 133 (15.95%) REST

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (11.63%) Confluence
2 14 (1.68%) Apache
3 11 (1.32%) WebLogic
4 10 (1.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 10 (1.20%) IIS
4 10 (1.20%) Mule
5 6 (0.72%) Alfresco
5 6 (0.72%) Apache Solr
5 6 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
6 5 (0.60%) SAS
6 5 (0.60%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.48%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.36%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.36%) nginx
8 3 (0.36%) NServiceBus
9 2 (0.24%) Ethereum
9 2 (0.24%) Mendix
9 2 (0.24%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.12%) Drupal
10 1 (0.12%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 15 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.12%) InVision
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.12%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 9 (1.08%) SAP FI-CA
1 9 (1.08%) SAP PSCD
2 5 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.36%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 3 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.36%) SAP FI
4 3 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.36%) SAP IS-U
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.12%) Magento
6 1 (0.12%) Shopify
6 1 (0.12%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 244 (29.26%) Azure
2 140 (16.79%) Azure DevOps
3 96 (11.51%) AWS
4 62 (7.43%) BrowserStack
5 45 (5.40%) GitHub
6 37 (4.44%) Sauce Labs
7 32 (3.84%) Pulumi
8 26 (3.12%) Serverless
9 24 (2.88%) PaaS
10 22 (2.64%) SaaS
11 21 (2.52%) Slack
12 19 (2.28%) GCP
12 19 (2.28%) Tricentis Tosca
13 15 (1.80%) Dynamics 365
14 13 (1.56%) Azure Service Bus
14 13 (1.56%) IaaS
15 12 (1.44%) AWS CodePipeline
15 12 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
15 12 (1.44%) Azure Monitor
15 12 (1.44%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.84%) Network Security
2 25 (3.00%) HTTP
3 13 (1.56%) HTTPS
3 13 (1.56%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.48%) Firewall
4 4 (0.48%) LAN
4 4 (0.48%) VPN
5 3 (0.36%) 5G
5 3 (0.36%) Remote Desktop
5 3 (0.36%) SSH
6 2 (0.24%) PuTTY
6 2 (0.24%) Wireshark
7 1 (0.12%) DNS
7 1 (0.12%) Skype
7 1 (0.12%) WAN
7 1 (0.12%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (10.55%) SQL Server
2 41 (4.92%) MongoDB
3 31 (3.72%) PostgreSQL
4 27 (3.24%) MySQL
5 26 (3.12%) NoSQL
6 22 (2.64%) Relational Database
7 15 (1.80%) DB2
8 14 (1.68%) Data Mining
9 11 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
9 11 (1.32%) DynamoDB
9 11 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (1.20%) RDBMS
11 9 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
11 9 (1.08%) Oracle Database
11 9 (1.08%) Redis
12 8 (0.96%) Big Data
13 7 (0.84%) MS Access
14 6 (0.72%) Data Mart
15 5 (0.60%) Data Lake
16 4 (0.48%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 341 (40.89%) Cucumber
2 231 (27.70%) Jenkins
3 210 (25.18%) Git (software)
4 192 (23.02%) JIRA
5 161 (19.30%) JMeter
6 149 (17.87%) Postman
7 130 (15.59%) SpecFlow
8 117 (14.03%) SoapUI
9 90 (10.79%) Cypress.io
10 88 (10.55%) WebDriver
11 81 (9.71%) REST Assured
12 80 (9.59%) Maven
13 74 (8.87%) JUnit
14 65 (7.79%) TeamCity
15 62 (7.43%) Gatling
16 58 (6.95%) Robot Framework
17 51 (6.12%) Team Foundation Server
18 50 (6.00%) NUnit
19 49 (5.88%) Jasmine
19 49 (5.88%) Visual Studio
General
1 165 (19.78%) Finance
2 138 (16.55%) Social Skills
3 91 (10.91%) Banking
4 72 (8.63%) Public Sector
5 40 (4.80%) Analytical Skills
6 21 (2.52%) Investment Banking
7 19 (2.28%) Retail
8 16 (1.92%) Influencing Skills
9 15 (1.80%) Retail Banking
10 14 (1.68%) Front Office
11 11 (1.32%) Law
12 10 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
13 9 (1.08%) Back Office
13 9 (1.08%) Legal
14 8 (0.96%) Documentation Skills
14 8 (0.96%) Marketing
15 7 (0.84%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.84%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 5 (0.60%) Manufacturing
16 5 (0.60%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 185 (22.18%) Developer
2 173 (20.74%) Tester
3 135 (16.19%) Test Engineer
4 131 (15.71%) Automation Tester
5 85 (10.19%) QA Engineer
6 70 (8.39%) Analyst
6 70 (8.39%) Test Automation Engineer
7 61 (7.31%) Test Analyst
8 58 (6.95%) Software Developer
9 47 (5.64%) Java Developer
10 34 (4.08%) Senior Developer
11 33 (3.96%) Test Leader
12 26 (3.12%) Developer in Test
13 25 (3.00%) DevOps Engineer
14 23 (2.76%) Automation Test Analyst
14 23 (2.76%) Senior Test Engineer
15 22 (2.64%) Test Manager
16 21 (2.52%) QA Automation Engineer
16 21 (2.52%) Senior QA Engineer
17 20 (2.40%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (17.27%) RESTful
2 135 (16.19%) .NET
3 133 (15.95%) REST
4 111 (13.31%) HTML
5 108 (12.95%) CSS
6 100 (11.99%) SOAP
7 91 (10.91%) React
8 81 (9.71%) Web Services
9 78 (9.35%) Gherkin
10 73 (8.75%) JSON
11 72 (8.63%) Spring
12 64 (7.67%) AngularJS
13 58 (6.95%) Node.js
14 57 (6.83%) XML
15 56 (6.71%) HTML5
16 52 (6.24%) Swagger
17 45 (5.40%) Spring Boot
18 42 (5.04%) Entity Framework
19 32 (3.84%) ARM Templates
19 32 (3.84%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 45 (5.40%) Virtual Team
2 32 (3.84%) Video Conferencing
3 28 (3.36%) Mobile App
4 27 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
4 27 (3.24%) User Experience
5 26 (3.12%) Cloud Native
6 23 (2.76%) Greenfield Project
7 15 (1.80%) W3C
8 12 (1.44%) NHS
9 9 (1.08%) Data Protection Act
9 9 (1.08%) Management Information System
10 8 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 6 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (0.72%) Hedge funds
11 6 (0.72%) Public Cloud
12 4 (0.48%) Client/Server
12 4 (0.48%) Fixed Income
12 4 (0.48%) Replication
12 4 (0.48%) Wiki
13 3 (0.36%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 64 (7.67%) Linux
2 42 (5.04%) Unix
2 42 (5.04%) Windows
3 16 (1.92%) Apple iOS
4 12 (1.44%) Android
5 5 (0.60%) Ubuntu
6 4 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.48%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.36%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.24%) CentOS
8 2 (0.24%) Solaris
9 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 668 (80.10%) Test Automation
2 486 (58.27%) Agile
3 282 (33.81%) DevOps
4 245 (29.38%) CI/CD
5 200 (23.98%) BDD
6 193 (23.14%) Scrum
7 180 (21.58%) Continuous Integration
8 165 (19.78%) Microservices
9 152 (18.23%) TDD
10 143 (17.15%) API Testing
11 139 (16.67%) Software Testing
12 113 (13.55%) SDLC
13 107 (12.83%) Problem-Solving
14 105 (12.59%) Test Strategy
15 89 (10.67%) Manual Testing
15 89 (10.67%) Regression Testing
16 86 (10.31%) SDET
17 82 (9.83%) Functional Testing
18 81 (9.71%) Test Scripting
19 76 (9.11%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 405 (48.56%) Java
2 257 (30.82%) C#
3 247 (29.62%) JavaScript
4 205 (24.58%) SQL
5 133 (15.95%) Python
6 79 (9.47%) TypeScript
7 30 (3.60%) Groovy
8 25 (3.00%) PL/SQL
9 24 (2.88%) Scala
10 21 (2.52%) Bash
11 15 (1.80%) ES6
11 15 (1.80%) PowerShell
12 10 (1.20%) PHP
12 10 (1.20%) Ruby
13 8 (0.96%) C++
13 8 (0.96%) VBScript
14 5 (0.60%) C
14 5 (0.60%) Shell Script
14 5 (0.60%) VB
15 4 (0.48%) Perl
Qualifications
1 134 (16.07%) Security Cleared
2 97 (11.63%) SC Cleared
3 62 (7.43%) ISTQB
4 32 (3.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 24 (2.88%) DV Cleared
5 24 (2.88%) ISEB
6 19 (2.28%) BPSS Clearance
7 18 (2.16%) Degree
8 9 (1.08%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (0.36%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.36%) PMP
10 2 (0.24%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.12%) CISSP
11 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.12%) HPE ATP
11 1 (0.12%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.12%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.12%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 259 (31.06%) QA
2 62 (7.43%) Accessibility
3 16 (1.92%) WCAG
4 8 (0.96%) GDPR
5 3 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.36%) GRC
5 3 (0.36%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.12%) GxP
6 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 133 (15.95%) Docker
2 8 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.72%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 102 (12.23%) Kubernetes
2 64 (7.67%) Ansible
2 64 (7.67%) Terraform
3 16 (1.92%) Puppet
4 13 (1.56%) HP ALM
5 12 (1.44%) HP Quality Center
5 12 (1.44%) Kibana
6 7 (0.84%) logstash
6 7 (0.84%) Netcool
7 4 (0.48%) Nagios
7 4 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.48%) Rancher
8 3 (0.36%) Consul
8 3 (0.36%) HP Fortify
8 3 (0.36%) HP SiteScope
9 2 (0.24%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 2 (0.24%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.12%) Fortio
10 1 (0.12%) Kiali
10 1 (0.12%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 85 (10.19%) Microsoft
2 84 (10.07%) Oracle
3 41 (4.92%) Splunk
4 38 (4.56%) AppDynamics
5 21 (2.52%) Google
5 21 (2.52%) SAP
6 14 (1.68%) HP
6 14 (1.68%) Micro Focus
7 11 (1.32%) Adobe
7 11 (1.32%) Atlassian
8 10 (1.20%) ServiceNow
9 7 (0.84%) Databricks
9 7 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
9 7 (0.84%) Sitecore
9 7 (0.84%) webMethods
10 6 (0.72%) New Relic
11 5 (0.60%) IBM
12 4 (0.48%) Apple
12 4 (0.48%) Dynatrace
12 4 (0.48%) Solace