Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 208 141 109
Rank change year-on-year -67 -32 -1
Contract jobs citing Selenium 584 820 2,023
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.28% 1.85% 2.41%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.61% 10.22% 11.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 408 568 1,373
10th Percentile £324 £324 £313
25th Percentile £363 £375 £364
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £438 £438 £440
Median % change year-on-year - -0.57% +3.53%
75th Percentile £516 £518 £500
90th Percentile £588 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £438 £427 £438
% change year-on-year +2.46% -2.40% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 5 8
10th Percentile £56.50 £38.75 £26.48
25th Percentile £56.75 £50.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate £59.00 £53.13 £35.25
Median % change year-on-year +11.06% +50.71% -29.50%
75th Percentile £65.54 £58.00 £40.92
90th Percentile £73.45 £62.80 £47.29
UK median hourly rate £58.00 £53.13 £36.00
% change year-on-year +9.18% +47.57% -20.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,672 8,027 17,445
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.85% 18.12% 20.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,150 5,601 11,969
10th Percentile £348 £338 £340
25th Percentile £410 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £495
Median % change year-on-year - +1.01% +4.21%
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £648
UK median daily rate £495 £495 £480
% change year-on-year - +3.13% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 115 236
10th Percentile £25.50 £18.55 £21.25
25th Percentile £40.00 £40.13 £37.38
Median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £57.00 £53.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £63.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £47.50 £44.18
% change year-on-year -4.21% +7.51% +3.95%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -61 293 £450 - 77
North of England +28 89 £423 +5.63% 40
South East -53 59 £375 -18.92% 47
Midlands -14 41 £380 +1.67% 19
Yorkshire +36 36 £415 +3.75% 16
West Midlands +4 34 £390 +4.35% 9
North East +26 30 £440 -7.37% 2
East of England +2 30 £400 - 6
South West -19 28 £450 +5.88% 27
North West -5 23 £410 +9.33% 22
East Midlands -8 7 £340 -11.73% 10
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 425 (72.77%) Test Automation
2 343 (58.73%) Agile Software Development
3 302 (51.71%) Java
4 237 (40.58%) Cucumber
5 208 (35.62%) Jenkins
6 182 (31.16%) DevOps
7 177 (30.31%) BDD
8 170 (29.11%) JIRA
8 170 (29.11%) JavaScript
9 148 (25.34%) QA
10 145 (24.83%) SQL
11 144 (24.66%) Azure
12 136 (23.29%) TDD
13 132 (22.60%) Scrum
14 131 (22.43%) C#
15 117 (20.03%) Git (software)
16 108 (18.49%) Security Cleared
16 108 (18.49%) Python
17 100 (17.12%) AWS
17 100 (17.12%) Continuous Integration
18 96 (16.44%) Social Skills
19 94 (16.10%) Postman
20 93 (15.92%) Software Testing
21 86 (14.73%) Docker
22 83 (14.21%) SoapUI
23 82 (14.04%) Microservices
24 81 (13.87%) JMeter
25 79 (13.53%) WebDriver
25 79 (13.53%) SC Cleared
26 76 (13.01%) JUnit

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (10.45%) Confluence
2 13 (2.23%) Apache
2 13 (2.23%) JBoss
2 13 (2.23%) SharePoint
3 9 (1.54%) WebLogic
3 9 (1.54%) WebSphere
4 7 (1.20%) Mule
5 6 (1.03%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (1.03%) IBM Domino
6 5 (0.86%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (0.68%) CMS
8 3 (0.51%) MQSeries
8 3 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.34%) Anypoint
9 2 (0.34%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
10 1 (0.17%) IIS
10 1 (0.17%) NServiceBus
10 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
Applications
1 8 (1.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (1.54%) SAP HCM
2 7 (1.20%) Magento
3 5 (0.86%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.68%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.34%) SAP FI-CA
6 2 (0.34%) SAP PSCD
7 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.17%) Maximo
7 1 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.17%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 144 (24.66%) Azure
2 100 (17.12%) AWS
3 48 (8.22%) GitHub
4 22 (3.77%) Serverless
5 18 (3.08%) GCP
6 17 (2.91%) AWS Lambda
6 17 (2.91%) Dynamics 365
7 13 (2.23%) AWS CloudFormation
8 11 (1.88%) SaaS
9 10 (1.71%) Amazon S3
9 10 (1.71%) OpenShift
9 10 (1.71%) PaaS
9 10 (1.71%) Tricentis Tosca
10 9 (1.54%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (1.54%) SuccessFactors
11 8 (1.37%) BrowserStack
11 8 (1.37%) IaaS
12 7 (1.20%) Amazon SQS
13 6 (1.03%) Sauce Labs
14 5 (0.86%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.71%) HTTP
2 9 (1.54%) LAN
3 8 (1.37%) DNS
4 6 (1.03%) VPN
5 5 (0.86%) DMARC
5 5 (0.86%) SMS
5 5 (0.86%) SMTP
5 5 (0.86%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.68%) SSH
6 4 (0.68%) Unified Communications
7 3 (0.51%) Software-Defined Networking
7 3 (0.51%) SSL
8 2 (0.34%) FTP
8 2 (0.34%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.17%) 802.11
9 1 (0.17%) BitTorrent
9 1 (0.17%) DSL
9 1 (0.17%) Intranet
9 1 (0.17%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (5.65%) NoSQL
2 22 (3.77%) PostgreSQL
2 22 (3.77%) SQL Server
3 19 (3.25%) MongoDB
4 18 (3.08%) Relational Database
5 17 (2.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 12 (2.05%) DB2
7 11 (1.88%) MySQL
8 9 (1.54%) Hadoop
9 8 (1.37%) Big Data
9 8 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (1.37%) DbVisualizer
10 5 (0.86%) CockroachDB
10 5 (0.86%) Redis
11 3 (0.51%) Neo4j
11 3 (0.51%) Oracle Database
11 3 (0.51%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.34%) Azure SQL Database
12 2 (0.34%) Power BI
12 2 (0.34%) PowerCenter
Development Applications
1 237 (40.58%) Cucumber
2 208 (35.62%) Jenkins
3 170 (29.11%) JIRA
4 117 (20.03%) Git (software)
5 94 (16.10%) Postman
6 83 (14.21%) SoapUI
7 81 (13.87%) JMeter
8 79 (13.53%) WebDriver
9 76 (13.01%) JUnit
10 72 (12.33%) Maven
11 61 (10.45%) SpecFlow
12 49 (8.39%) REST Assured
13 48 (8.22%) Cypress.io
14 47 (8.05%) Appium
15 32 (5.48%) GitLab
16 26 (4.45%) SonarQube
17 25 (4.28%) Subversion
18 23 (3.94%) NUnit
19 21 (3.60%) TestNG
20 20 (3.42%) IntelliJ
General
1 96 (16.44%) Social Skills
2 51 (8.73%) Public Sector
3 50 (8.56%) Banking
3 50 (8.56%) Finance
4 26 (4.45%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (2.91%) Documentation Skills
6 13 (2.23%) Retail
7 10 (1.71%) Influencing Skills
8 9 (1.54%) Marketing
9 8 (1.37%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.86%) Games
10 5 (0.86%) Presentation Skills
10 5 (0.86%) Publishing
10 5 (0.86%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.86%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.68%) Billing
11 4 (0.68%) Law
12 3 (0.51%) Automotive
12 3 (0.51%) Front Office
13 2 (0.34%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 129 (22.09%) Developer
2 122 (20.89%) Tester
3 88 (15.07%) Test Engineer
4 87 (14.90%) Automation Tester
5 61 (10.45%) Analyst
6 56 (9.59%) Test Analyst
6 56 (9.59%) Test Automation Engineer
7 38 (6.51%) Java Developer
8 33 (5.65%) QA Engineer
9 30 (5.14%) Developer in Test
10 26 (4.45%) Automation Test Analyst
11 23 (3.94%) DevOps Engineer
12 19 (3.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 19 (3.25%) Software Developer
12 19 (3.25%) Test Leader
13 18 (3.08%) Architect
13 18 (3.08%) Selenium Tester
14 15 (2.57%) Automation Engineer
14 15 (2.57%) QA Automation Engineer
15 14 (2.40%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 71 (12.16%) .NET
1 71 (12.16%) Gherkin
2 68 (11.64%) SOAP
3 67 (11.47%) REST
4 63 (10.79%) Node.js
5 58 (9.93%) AngularJS
6 57 (9.76%) Web Services
7 56 (9.59%) XML
8 55 (9.42%) Spring
9 53 (9.08%) React
10 46 (7.88%) JSON
11 45 (7.71%) RESTful
12 41 (7.02%) HTML
13 32 (5.48%) Jest
14 31 (5.31%) CSS
15 22 (3.77%) Spring Boot
16 20 (3.42%) HTML5
17 19 (3.25%) .NET Framework
17 19 (3.25%) Hibernate
18 17 (2.91%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 34 (5.82%) Mobile App
2 16 (2.74%) Self-Motivation
3 13 (2.23%) NHS
4 11 (1.88%) Greenfield Project
5 10 (1.71%) Client/Server
6 9 (1.54%) Replication
6 9 (1.54%) Virtual Team
7 8 (1.37%) Fixed Income
8 7 (1.20%) User Experience
9 6 (1.03%) Cloud Native
10 5 (0.86%) Marketing Technology
11 4 (0.68%) Derivative
12 3 (0.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 3 (0.51%) Linux Command Line
12 3 (0.51%) PlayStation
12 3 (0.51%) Public Cloud
13 2 (0.34%) Enterprise Software
13 2 (0.34%) Hybrid Cloud
13 2 (0.34%) Mainframe
13 2 (0.34%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 45 (7.71%) Linux
2 37 (6.34%) Windows
3 36 (6.16%) Unix
4 23 (3.94%) Android
5 22 (3.77%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.51%) CentOS
6 3 (0.51%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.34%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.17%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 425 (72.77%) Test Automation
2 343 (58.73%) Agile Software Development
3 182 (31.16%) DevOps
4 177 (30.31%) BDD
5 136 (23.29%) TDD
6 132 (22.60%) Scrum
7 100 (17.12%) Continuous Integration
8 93 (15.92%) Software Testing
9 82 (14.04%) Microservices
10 75 (12.84%) API Testing
11 62 (10.62%) Test Scripting
12 61 (10.45%) Test Strategy
13 60 (10.27%) SDET
14 52 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
15 49 (8.39%) Regression Testing
16 48 (8.22%) Non-Functional Testing
16 48 (8.22%) Open Source
17 44 (7.53%) Integration Testing
17 44 (7.53%) SDLC
18 43 (7.36%) Defect Management
Programming Languages
1 302 (51.71%) Java
2 170 (29.11%) JavaScript
3 145 (24.83%) SQL
4 131 (22.43%) C#
5 108 (18.49%) Python
6 53 (9.08%) TypeScript
7 36 (6.16%) Java 8
8 19 (3.25%) Scala
9 18 (3.08%) C
9 18 (3.08%) C++
10 15 (2.57%) Ruby
11 13 (2.23%) Shell Script
12 12 (2.05%) Bash Shell
12 12 (2.05%) ES6
12 12 (2.05%) PL/SQL
12 12 (2.05%) PowerShell
13 9 (1.54%) Groovy
14 8 (1.37%) R
15 7 (1.20%) Go
16 6 (1.03%) Perl
Qualifications
1 108 (18.49%) Security Cleared
2 79 (13.53%) SC Cleared
3 41 (7.02%) ISTQB
4 24 (4.11%) Degree
4 24 (4.11%) ISEB
5 23 (3.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 21 (3.60%) DV Cleared
7 14 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.68%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.34%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.17%) HNC
12 1 (0.17%) MCP
12 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (25.34%) QA
2 5 (0.86%) Data Quality
2 5 (0.86%) GDPR
3 3 (0.51%) WCAG
4 2 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.17%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.17%) MiFID
5 1 (0.17%) NIST
5 1 (0.17%) SEPA
5 1 (0.17%) TARGET2
System Software
1 86 (14.73%) Docker
2 4 (0.68%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.17%) HDFS
3 1 (0.17%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
3 1 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 44 (7.53%) Kubernetes
2 35 (5.99%) Terraform
3 22 (3.77%) Ansible
3 22 (3.77%) Puppet
4 17 (2.91%) HP Quality Center
5 15 (2.57%) HP ALM
6 9 (1.54%) Rancher
7 5 (0.86%) HP Fortify
8 4 (0.68%) Kibana
8 4 (0.68%) Nagios
8 4 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.51%) Grafana
9 3 (0.51%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.17%) CA Wily
10 1 (0.17%) Giant Swarm
10 1 (0.17%) Graylog
10 1 (0.17%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.17%) Iperf
10 1 (0.17%) logstash
10 1 (0.17%) Mesos
Vendors
1 47 (8.05%) Oracle
2 34 (5.82%) Microsoft
3 31 (5.31%) HP
4 15 (2.57%) Splunk
5 13 (2.23%) Google
5 13 (2.23%) IBM
5 13 (2.23%) MuleSoft
6 12 (2.05%) Adobe
6 12 (2.05%) Dynatrace
6 12 (2.05%) SAP
7 9 (1.54%) Atlassian
7 9 (1.54%) Xamarin
8 8 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
9 7 (1.20%) hybris
9 7 (1.20%) webMethods
10 6 (1.03%) TIBCO
10 6 (1.03%) Xerox
11 4 (0.68%) Perfecto Mobile
11 4 (0.68%) ServiceNow
12 3 (0.51%) Red Hat