Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 199 171 119
Rank change year-on-year -28 -52 -25
Contract jobs citing Selenium 888 421 1,710
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.39% 1.64% 2.13%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.78% 9.07% 11.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 639 313 1,190
10th Percentile £329 £313 £313
25th Percentile £400 £375 £367
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £443 £450
Median % change year-on-year +1.69% -1.67% +0.76%
75th Percentile £538 £506 £515
90th Percentile £600 £555 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £438
% change year-on-year +2.27% +0.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 3 7
10th Percentile £44.25 £47.31 £29.55
25th Percentile £49.00 £48.91 £37.88
Median hourly rate £65.50 £53.13 £46.67
Median % change year-on-year +23.29% +13.83% +43.60%
75th Percentile £68.75 £60.34 £50.88
90th Percentile £73.45 £63.74 £61.00
UK median hourly rate £65.50 £53.13 £46.67
% change year-on-year +23.29% +13.83% +43.60%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,419 4,642 14,694
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.91% 18.13% 18.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,788 3,247 9,842
10th Percentile £363 £325 £331
25th Percentile £425 £412 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £650 £642
UK median daily rate £510 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +3.03% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 190 65 174
10th Percentile £25.25 £25.13 £20.73
25th Percentile £41.25 £41.25 £40.31
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.25
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.70% +8.82%
75th Percentile £60.50 £53.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £70.12 £57.50 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -54 395 £500 +11.11% 102
North of England -19 139 £424 -10.79% 67
South East -45 101 £435 -3.33% 60
South West -5 69 £450 +9.76% 32
Midlands -49 66 £400 +14.29% 42
Yorkshire -7 63 £415 -14.87% 23
North West -39 52 £455 +1.11% 39
West Midlands -43 52 £400 -7.19% 25
East of England -40 34 £432 -3.94% 28
North East -13 24 £378 -24.50% 5
East Midlands -40 14 £400 +26.98% 16
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 697 (78.49%) Test Automation
2 520 (58.56%) Agile Software Development
3 422 (47.52%) Cucumber
4 415 (46.73%) Java
5 299 (33.67%) Jenkins
6 272 (30.63%) DevOps
7 258 (29.05%) JIRA
8 255 (28.72%) JavaScript
9 247 (27.82%) BDD
10 221 (24.89%) Software Testing
11 210 (23.65%) Scrum
11 210 (23.65%) Azure
12 207 (23.31%) SQL
13 206 (23.20%) TDD
14 202 (22.75%) Git (software)
15 193 (21.73%) C#
16 190 (21.40%) QA
17 180 (20.27%) Social Skills
18 158 (17.79%) Security Cleared
19 149 (16.78%) Microservices
20 146 (16.44%) Continuous Integration
21 141 (15.88%) JMeter
22 139 (15.65%) Test Scripting
23 136 (15.32%) API Testing
24 131 (14.75%) WebDriver
24 131 (14.75%) Postman
25 126 (14.19%) Python
26 123 (13.85%) AWS
27 122 (13.74%) Performance Testing
28 118 (13.29%) SC Cleared

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (11.94%) Confluence
2 33 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (3.38%) Tomcat
4 17 (1.91%) Apache
5 15 (1.69%) SharePoint
6 14 (1.58%) JBoss
7 12 (1.35%) WebSphere
8 10 (1.13%) WebLogic
9 9 (1.01%) GemFire
9 9 (1.01%) nginx
10 8 (0.90%) IBM Domino
11 7 (0.79%) IIS
12 6 (0.68%) Appian
12 6 (0.68%) Mule
13 4 (0.45%) CMS
13 4 (0.45%) Mattermost
14 3 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
14 3 (0.34%) MQSeries
15 2 (0.23%) Drupal
15 2 (0.23%) Jetty
Applications
1 12 (1.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.01%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.11%) Mingle
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 17 (1.91%) SAP HCM
2 10 (1.13%) Magento
3 4 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.45%) Endur
3 4 (0.45%) SAP FI-CA
3 4 (0.45%) SAP PSCD
4 2 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.11%) BASE24
5 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 210 (23.65%) Azure
2 123 (13.85%) AWS
3 81 (9.12%) GitHub
4 44 (4.95%) BrowserStack
5 36 (4.05%) SaaS
6 28 (3.15%) IaaS
7 27 (3.04%) PaaS
8 26 (2.93%) Serverless
9 22 (2.48%) Dynamics 365
10 21 (2.36%) GCP
11 20 (2.25%) SuccessFactors
12 17 (1.91%) NuGet
12 17 (1.91%) Sauce Labs
13 14 (1.58%) Amazon S3
13 14 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
13 14 (1.58%) Google Analytics
14 12 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
15 11 (1.24%) Azure Pipelines
15 11 (1.24%) npm
16 10 (1.13%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 27 (3.04%) HTTP
2 14 (1.58%) LAN
3 8 (0.90%) SSL
4 7 (0.79%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.68%) BitTorrent
5 6 (0.68%) DSL
6 4 (0.45%) DNS
7 3 (0.34%) VPN
7 3 (0.34%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.11%) 2G
8 1 (0.11%) DMARC
8 1 (0.11%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.11%) OpenVPN
8 1 (0.11%) SMS
8 1 (0.11%) SMTP
8 1 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
8 1 (0.11%) SSH
8 1 (0.11%) tcpdump
8 1 (0.11%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (4.95%) SQL Server
2 39 (4.39%) Relational Database
3 38 (4.28%) NoSQL
4 33 (3.72%) MongoDB
5 20 (2.25%) MySQL
5 20 (2.25%) Redis
6 19 (2.14%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (1.80%) Data Warehouse
8 15 (1.69%) RDBMS
9 14 (1.58%) DB2
10 12 (1.35%) Big Data
11 10 (1.13%) Hadoop
11 10 (1.13%) Oracle Reports
12 9 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.01%) InterSystems Cache
13 8 (0.90%) DbVisualizer
14 7 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 6 (0.68%) Amazon RDS
15 6 (0.68%) BigQuery
15 6 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 422 (47.52%) Cucumber
2 299 (33.67%) Jenkins
3 258 (29.05%) JIRA
4 202 (22.75%) Git (software)
5 141 (15.88%) JMeter
6 131 (14.75%) Postman
6 131 (14.75%) WebDriver
7 113 (12.73%) JUnit
8 110 (12.39%) SpecFlow
9 109 (12.27%) SoapUI
10 105 (11.82%) Maven
11 65 (7.32%) REST Assured
12 58 (6.53%) Gatling
13 57 (6.42%) Cypress.io
14 47 (5.29%) Appium
15 43 (4.84%) Sonatype Nexus
16 41 (4.62%) SonarQube
17 38 (4.28%) TestNG
18 36 (4.05%) Protractor
19 34 (3.83%) Subversion
General
1 180 (20.27%) Social Skills
2 97 (10.92%) Finance
3 87 (9.80%) Banking
4 75 (8.45%) Public Sector
5 52 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
6 33 (3.72%) Documentation Skills
7 22 (2.48%) Influencing Skills
8 17 (1.91%) Investment Banking
8 17 (1.91%) Retail
9 15 (1.69%) Front Office
10 11 (1.24%) Marketing
11 9 (1.01%) Presentation Skills
11 9 (1.01%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.90%) Legal
13 7 (0.79%) Telecoms
14 5 (0.56%) Games
15 4 (0.45%) Law
15 4 (0.45%) Publishing
16 3 (0.34%) Back Office
16 3 (0.34%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 214 (24.10%) Developer
2 193 (21.73%) Tester
3 162 (18.24%) Test Engineer
4 135 (15.20%) Automation Tester
5 104 (11.71%) Test Automation Engineer
6 103 (11.60%) Analyst
7 97 (10.92%) Test Analyst
8 70 (7.88%) Developer in Test
9 58 (6.53%) Java Developer
10 49 (5.52%) DevOps Engineer
10 49 (5.52%) Software Developer
11 36 (4.05%) QA Engineer
12 34 (3.83%) Test Leader
13 33 (3.72%) Senior Developer
14 32 (3.60%) Senior Test Engineer
15 30 (3.38%) Software Engineer
16 29 (3.27%) Java Engineer
17 27 (3.04%) Automation Test Analyst
18 24 (2.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 21 (2.36%) Software Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 113 (12.73%) Gherkin
2 106 (11.94%) .NET
3 104 (11.71%) RESTful
4 101 (11.37%) Web Services
5 96 (10.81%) REST
6 95 (10.70%) Node.js
7 91 (10.25%) Spring
8 88 (9.91%) XML
9 82 (9.23%) SOAP
10 79 (8.90%) HTML
11 75 (8.45%) AngularJS
12 69 (7.77%) React
13 64 (7.21%) CSS
14 57 (6.42%) JSON
15 52 (5.86%) Spring Boot
16 46 (5.18%) .NET Framework
17 34 (3.83%) Jest
18 31 (3.49%) Play Framework
19 30 (3.38%) Kafka
20 23 (2.59%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 28 (3.15%) Mobile App
2 23 (2.59%) User Experience
3 22 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
4 18 (2.03%) Client/Server
5 16 (1.80%) Data Structures
6 13 (1.46%) Cloud Native
6 13 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
7 12 (1.35%) N-Tier
7 12 (1.35%) Replication
8 10 (1.13%) Mainframe
9 9 (1.01%) Algorithms
9 9 (1.01%) Greenfield Project
10 8 (0.90%) NHS
11 7 (0.79%) Equities
11 7 (0.79%) Video on Demand
11 7 (0.79%) Video\Live Streaming
12 5 (0.56%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (0.56%) Management Information System
12 5 (0.56%) Public Cloud
13 4 (0.45%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 77 (8.67%) Unix
2 63 (7.09%) Windows
3 59 (6.64%) Linux
4 23 (2.59%) Apple iOS
5 17 (1.91%) Android
6 7 (0.79%) tvOS
7 6 (0.68%) CentOS
8 5 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.34%) AIX
9 3 (0.34%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.34%) Solaris
9 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 697 (78.49%) Test Automation
2 520 (58.56%) Agile Software Development
3 272 (30.63%) DevOps
4 247 (27.82%) BDD
5 221 (24.89%) Software Testing
6 210 (23.65%) Scrum
7 206 (23.20%) TDD
8 149 (16.78%) Microservices
9 146 (16.44%) Continuous Integration
10 139 (15.65%) Test Scripting
11 136 (15.32%) API Testing
12 122 (13.74%) Performance Testing
13 107 (12.05%) Test Strategy
14 105 (11.82%) SDET
15 101 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
16 85 (9.57%) Regression Testing
17 81 (9.12%) Functional Testing
18 73 (8.22%) Integration Testing
19 72 (8.11%) Open Source
20 70 (7.88%) Test Management
Programming Languages
1 415 (46.73%) Java
2 255 (28.72%) JavaScript
3 207 (23.31%) SQL
4 193 (21.73%) C#
5 126 (14.19%) Python
6 53 (5.97%) TypeScript
7 42 (4.73%) Scala
8 40 (4.50%) Java 8
9 34 (3.83%) Bash Shell
10 31 (3.49%) Shell Script
11 22 (2.48%) Ruby
12 21 (2.36%) C++
12 21 (2.36%) ES6
13 20 (2.25%) PowerShell
14 18 (2.03%) Groovy
15 17 (1.91%) C
16 12 (1.35%) PHP
17 11 (1.24%) Perl
18 9 (1.01%) PL/SQL
18 9 (1.01%) VB
Qualifications
1 158 (17.79%) Security Cleared
2 118 (13.29%) SC Cleared
3 99 (11.15%) ISTQB
4 66 (7.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 64 (7.21%) ISEB
6 34 (3.83%) Degree
7 33 (3.72%) DV Cleared
8 18 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
9 14 (1.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.34%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.23%) CEH
11 2 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.23%) MCSA
11 2 (0.23%) MCSE
11 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.11%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.11%) CCA
12 1 (0.11%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.11%) PMP
12 1 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (21.40%) QA
2 72 (8.11%) Accessibility
3 10 (1.13%) WCAG
4 4 (0.45%) GDPR
5 3 (0.34%) SOC 2
6 2 (0.23%) NIST
7 1 (0.11%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.11%) IFRS
7 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.11%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.11%) PSD2
7 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.11%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.11%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.11%) TARGET2
System Software
1 112 (12.61%) Docker
2 7 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
3 4 (0.45%) vSphere
4 3 (0.34%) RACF
5 1 (0.11%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 62 (6.98%) Kubernetes
2 47 (5.29%) Ansible
3 44 (4.95%) Terraform
4 28 (3.15%) Kibana
5 24 (2.70%) Grafana
6 21 (2.36%) HP Quality Center
7 20 (2.25%) Puppet
8 14 (1.58%) logstash
9 12 (1.35%) Nagios
10 10 (1.13%) HP ALM
11 9 (1.01%) Graphite
11 9 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
12 8 (0.90%) Graylog
12 8 (0.90%) Prometheus
13 7 (0.79%) Argo
14 6 (0.68%) Netcool
14 6 (0.68%) ZABBIX
15 4 (0.45%) vCenter Server
16 3 (0.34%) Packer
17 2 (0.23%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 86 (9.68%) Oracle
2 67 (7.55%) Microsoft
3 27 (3.04%) HP
4 24 (2.70%) SAP
5 20 (2.25%) Atlassian
6 19 (2.14%) Splunk
7 18 (2.03%) IBM
8 17 (1.91%) Google
9 12 (1.35%) Xamarin
10 11 (1.24%) Apple
11 10 (1.13%) AppDynamics
11 10 (1.13%) MuleSoft
11 10 (1.13%) Red Hat
11 10 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
12 8 (0.90%) hybris
12 8 (0.90%) Xerox
13 7 (0.79%) SolarWinds
13 7 (0.79%) webMethods
14 5 (0.56%) Adobe
14 5 (0.56%) CA Agile Central