Period
to 31 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 31 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
31 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 140 106 104
Rank change year-on-year -34 -2 +7
Contract jobs citing Selenium 775 1,968 2,258
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.86% 2.36% 2.44%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.20% 11.48% 12.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 522 1,317 1,502
Median daily rate £426 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.63% +2.94% +3.03%
10th Percentile £319 £315 £313
90th Percentile £588 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 7 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.45% -23.33% -10.00%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year - -20.00% -12.50%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,599 17,147 18,249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.28% 20.53% 19.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,016 11,476 12,598
Median daily rate £500 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +9.20%
10th Percentile £331 £342 £319
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £493 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.68% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 262 214
Median hourly rate £38.50 £43.71 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.91% +2.84% +1.19%
10th Percentile £21.25 £22.35 £27.80
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £67.25
Median hourly rate £40.75 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.23% +1.18% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 31 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -29 338 £450 -2.44% 30
South East +5 143 £450 +2.86% 17
North of England -38 91 £400 +2.89% 30
South West +12 90 £450 +5.88% 15
Midlands +14 60 £360 -10.00% 11
East of England +42 50 £400 +9.59% 7
North West -17 45 £368 -13.53% 19
West Midlands +2 35 £374 -12.06% 4
East Midlands +32 25 £300 -16.67% 7
North East -20 24 £463 +32.14%
Yorkshire +9 22 £378 +7.86% 11
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 31 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 568 (73.29%) Test Automation
2 475 (61.29%) Agile Software Development
3 341 (44.00%) Java
4 265 (34.19%) Cucumber
5 235 (30.32%) DevOps
6 218 (28.13%) JavaScript
7 207 (26.71%) C#
8 206 (26.58%) Scrum
9 201 (25.94%) JIRA
10 187 (24.13%) Jenkins
11 178 (22.97%) SQL
12 172 (22.19%) BDD
13 170 (21.94%) Azure
14 164 (21.16%) QA
15 158 (20.39%) Git (software)
16 145 (18.71%) TDD
17 137 (17.68%) Security Cleared
17 137 (17.68%) AngularJS
18 132 (17.03%) WebDriver
19 129 (16.65%) Test Scripting
19 129 (16.65%) .NET
20 123 (15.87%) REST
21 117 (15.10%) SOAP
22 116 (14.97%) SoapUI
22 116 (14.97%) Docker
23 114 (14.71%) Continuous Integration
24 111 (14.32%) HTML
25 110 (14.19%) SC Cleared
26 104 (13.42%) Finance
27 101 (13.03%) SpecFlow

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (11.10%) Confluence
2 57 (7.35%) Elasticsearch
3 18 (2.32%) NServiceBus
4 16 (2.06%) Tomcat
5 14 (1.81%) nginx
6 11 (1.42%) IIS
7 10 (1.29%) JBoss
8 8 (1.03%) Apache
8 8 (1.03%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.90%) Apache Spark
10 5 (0.65%) ArcGIS
11 4 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.52%) GemFire
11 4 (0.52%) SharePoint
11 4 (0.52%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.39%) CMS
12 3 (0.39%) Drupal
12 3 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.26%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.26%) SAS
Applications
1 18 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.39%) InVision
3 3 (0.39%) Sketch
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.26%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.77%) Maximo
2 5 (0.65%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.39%) SAP FI-CA
4 3 (0.39%) SAP PSCD
5 2 (0.26%) SAP CO
5 2 (0.26%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.26%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.13%) Endur
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 1 (0.13%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 170 (21.94%) Azure
2 92 (11.87%) AWS
3 59 (7.61%) GitHub
4 22 (2.84%) GCP
5 21 (2.71%) SaaS
6 17 (2.19%) npm
7 15 (1.94%) BrowserStack
7 15 (1.94%) Sauce Labs
8 14 (1.81%) Serverless
9 11 (1.42%) Amazon S3
9 11 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
9 11 (1.42%) Heroku
9 11 (1.42%) Slack
10 10 (1.29%) BlazeMeter
10 10 (1.29%) OpenShift
11 9 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
12 8 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
13 7 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (0.90%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (0.65%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 18 (2.32%) HTTP
2 15 (1.94%) IPv6
3 12 (1.55%) DNS
4 10 (1.29%) IPv4
4 10 (1.29%) Wi-Fi
5 9 (1.16%) Firewall
5 9 (1.16%) TCP/IP
6 8 (1.03%) DSL
6 8 (1.03%) SSL
7 7 (0.90%) Ethernet
7 7 (0.90%) Internet
8 4 (0.52%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.39%) AMQP
9 3 (0.39%) Multicast
9 3 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
9 3 (0.39%) VPN
10 2 (0.26%) Network Security
10 2 (0.26%) Skype
10 2 (0.26%) SSH
10 2 (0.26%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (9.68%) SQL Server
2 61 (7.87%) MySQL
3 38 (4.90%) MongoDB
4 32 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (2.58%) NoSQL
6 16 (2.06%) Azure SQL Database
7 14 (1.81%) Relational Database
8 13 (1.68%) Big Data
9 11 (1.42%) DB2
10 9 (1.16%) DB2 UDB
11 8 (1.03%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (1.03%) MariaDB
12 6 (0.77%) Geospatial Data
12 6 (0.77%) Hadoop
13 5 (0.65%) Apache Hive
13 5 (0.65%) BigQuery
13 5 (0.65%) Cosmos DB
13 5 (0.65%) GIS
14 4 (0.52%) Amazon RDS
14 4 (0.52%) Redis
Development Applications
1 265 (34.19%) Cucumber
2 201 (25.94%) JIRA
3 187 (24.13%) Jenkins
4 158 (20.39%) Git (software)
5 132 (17.03%) WebDriver
6 116 (14.97%) SoapUI
7 101 (13.03%) SpecFlow
8 76 (9.81%) JMeter
9 71 (9.16%) Postman
10 56 (7.23%) Team Foundation Server
11 55 (7.10%) Jasmine
12 52 (6.71%) Protractor
13 51 (6.58%) JUnit
14 45 (5.81%) Maven
15 40 (5.16%) Mocha
16 36 (4.65%) Visual Studio
17 33 (4.26%) Cypress.io
18 32 (4.13%) Visual Studio Team System
19 29 (3.74%) Gatling
19 29 (3.74%) NUnit
General
1 104 (13.42%) Finance
2 55 (7.10%) Public Sector
3 46 (5.94%) Banking
4 17 (2.19%) Retail
5 12 (1.55%) Telecoms
6 9 (1.16%) Retail Banking
7 7 (0.90%) Police
8 5 (0.65%) Manufacturing
8 5 (0.65%) Marketing
9 4 (0.52%) Back Office
9 4 (0.52%) Electronics
9 4 (0.52%) Games
9 4 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.39%) Corporate Banking
11 2 (0.26%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.26%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.26%) Legal
11 2 (0.26%) Publishing
12 1 (0.13%) Front Office
12 1 (0.13%) Law
Job Titles
1 205 (26.45%) Developer
2 186 (24.00%) Tester
3 145 (18.71%) Automation Tester
4 122 (15.74%) Analyst
5 99 (12.77%) Test Analyst
6 82 (10.58%) Test Engineer
7 52 (6.71%) Test Automation Engineer
8 44 (5.68%) Automation Test Analyst
9 41 (5.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 41 (5.29%) QA Engineer
10 39 (5.03%) Java Developer
11 37 (4.77%) .NET Developer
12 35 (4.52%) Full Stack Developer
13 32 (4.13%) Angular Developer
14 30 (3.87%) React Developer
15 29 (3.74%) DevOps Engineer
16 28 (3.61%) Developer in Test
17 26 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
17 26 (3.35%) Selenium Tester
17 26 (3.35%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (17.68%) AngularJS
2 129 (16.65%) .NET
3 123 (15.87%) REST
4 117 (15.10%) SOAP
5 111 (14.32%) HTML
6 91 (11.74%) Web Services
7 80 (10.32%) CSS
8 77 (9.94%) Node.js
9 55 (7.10%) Gherkin
10 54 (6.97%) React
10 54 (6.97%) XML
11 51 (6.58%) HTML5
12 47 (6.06%) RESTful
13 45 (5.81%) ASP.NET
13 45 (5.81%) JSON
14 41 (5.29%) .NET Framework
14 41 (5.29%) Spring
15 27 (3.48%) Entity Framework
16 26 (3.35%) Express
17 22 (2.84%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 31 (4.00%) Analytical Skills
1 31 (4.00%) Mobile App
2 29 (3.74%) User Experience
3 19 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
4 12 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
4 12 (1.55%) Mainframe
5 11 (1.42%) SCORM
5 11 (1.42%) W3C
6 10 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (0.77%) Virtual Team
8 5 (0.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (0.65%) NHS
9 4 (0.52%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (0.52%) Private Cloud
10 3 (0.39%) Client/Server
10 3 (0.39%) Fixed Income
10 3 (0.39%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.39%) Public Cloud
10 3 (0.39%) Robotics
11 2 (0.26%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 80 (10.32%) Linux
2 69 (8.90%) Windows
3 46 (5.94%) Unix
4 18 (2.32%) Apple iOS
5 17 (2.19%) Android
6 14 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.52%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.39%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.26%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.26%) Solaris
9 2 (0.26%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.13%) CentOS
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 568 (73.29%) Test Automation
2 475 (61.29%) Agile Software Development
3 235 (30.32%) DevOps
4 206 (26.58%) Scrum
5 172 (22.19%) BDD
6 145 (18.71%) TDD
7 129 (16.65%) Test Scripting
8 114 (14.71%) Continuous Integration
9 98 (12.65%) Microservices
10 94 (12.13%) API Testing
11 78 (10.06%) Kanban
12 74 (9.55%) Test Strategy
13 65 (8.39%) Problem-Solving
14 64 (8.26%) Performance Testing
15 59 (7.61%) Open Source
16 58 (7.48%) Regression Testing
17 57 (7.35%) Pair Programming
18 52 (6.71%) Functional Testing
19 51 (6.58%) SDET
20 50 (6.45%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 341 (44.00%) Java
2 218 (28.13%) JavaScript
3 207 (26.71%) C#
4 178 (22.97%) SQL
5 74 (9.55%) Python
6 50 (6.45%) PowerShell
7 44 (5.68%) TypeScript
8 31 (4.00%) Java 8
8 31 (4.00%) Scala
9 29 (3.74%) Groovy
10 24 (3.10%) Ruby
11 23 (2.97%) C
12 19 (2.45%) T-SQL
13 18 (2.32%) PHP
14 15 (1.94%) Perl
15 13 (1.68%) Shell Script
16 10 (1.29%) C++
17 9 (1.16%) BeanShell
17 9 (1.16%) Bourne shell
17 9 (1.16%) Korn
Qualifications
1 137 (17.68%) Security Cleared
2 110 (14.19%) SC Cleared
3 85 (10.97%) ISTQB
4 64 (8.26%) ISEB
5 46 (5.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 18 (2.32%) Degree
7 12 (1.55%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (1.55%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.90%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.90%) CTC Cleared
9 6 (0.77%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.65%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.39%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
13 1 (0.13%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.13%) CEH
13 1 (0.13%) CISA
13 1 (0.13%) GIAC
13 1 (0.13%) MBA
13 1 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (21.16%) QA
2 18 (2.32%) WCAG
3 2 (0.26%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.13%) GDPR
4 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.13%) JSP 440
4 1 (0.13%) NIST
4 1 (0.13%) PSD2
4 1 (0.13%) SEPA
4 1 (0.13%) SLA
System Software
1 116 (14.97%) Docker
2 12 (1.55%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.16%) RACF
4 5 (0.65%) HDFS
5 2 (0.26%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.26%) vSphere
6 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 66 (8.52%) Terraform
2 60 (7.74%) Kubernetes
3 38 (4.90%) Ansible
4 22 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (1.68%) HP ALM
6 11 (1.42%) Puppet
7 8 (1.03%) Consul
7 8 (1.03%) Kibana
8 6 (0.77%) Grafana
9 3 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
9 3 (0.39%) Packer
9 3 (0.39%) Rundeck
10 2 (0.26%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.26%) Istio
10 2 (0.26%) Nessus
10 2 (0.26%) OpenNebula
10 2 (0.26%) Rancher
10 2 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.26%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.13%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 98 (12.65%) Microsoft
2 68 (8.77%) Oracle
3 24 (3.10%) SAP
4 23 (2.97%) Atlassian
5 18 (2.32%) Google
5 18 (2.32%) HP
6 11 (1.42%) Red Hat
7 10 (1.29%) Splunk
8 7 (0.90%) New Relic
9 6 (0.77%) IBM
9 6 (0.77%) ServiceNow
10 5 (0.65%) ESRI
10 5 (0.65%) hybris
10 5 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
10 5 (0.65%) Sparx
10 5 (0.65%) VMware
11 4 (0.52%) webMethods
12 3 (0.39%) Guidewire
12 3 (0.39%) Pega
12 3 (0.39%) Veracode