Period
to 15 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 15 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
15 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 145 115 98
Rank change year-on-year -30 -17 +28
Contract jobs citing Selenium 530 1,799 2,476
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.76% 2.18% 2.65%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.50% 11.45% 12.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 367 1,261 1,642
Median daily rate £435 £430 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.16% +1.18% +2.41%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £313
90th Percentile £550 £550 £575
UK median daily rate £435 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.35% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 11
Median hourly rate £41.25 £40.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% -5.88% -10.53%
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.18 £21.00
90th Percentile £58.80 £56.03 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -6.67% -11.76% -10.53%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,577 15,705 19,215
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.48% 19.00% 20.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,639 10,362 13,286
Median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £331 £338 £325
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +5.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 225 208
Median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £25.80 £23.25 £26.43
90th Percentile £57.50 £56.10 £52.88
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +1.80%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 15 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 15 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 15 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -27 233 £450 - 35
North of England -17 89 £438 +9.38% 42
South East -12 79 £419 -4.29% 23
Midlands +36 49 £350 -17.65% 10
South West +22 49 £450 +2.86% 22
North West +31 44 £420 -1.18% 16
Yorkshire +5 32 £450 +24.14% 19
West Midlands +24 29 £432 -1.26% 7
East of England +26 27 £450 +5.88% 7
East Midlands +48 20 £292 -19.03% 3
North East -11 13 £450 +29.50% 7
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 15 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 417 (78.68%) Test Automation
2 360 (67.92%) Agile Software Development
3 276 (52.08%) Java
4 214 (40.38%) DevOps
5 209 (39.43%) Cucumber
6 179 (33.77%) JIRA
7 164 (30.94%) Scrum
8 162 (30.57%) Jenkins
9 146 (27.55%) BDD
9 146 (27.55%) Security Cleared
10 143 (26.98%) SQL
11 141 (26.60%) Git (software)
12 132 (24.91%) QA
13 123 (23.21%) SC Cleared
13 123 (23.21%) Continuous Integration
14 122 (23.02%) Azure
15 117 (22.08%) TDD
16 113 (21.32%) JavaScript
16 113 (21.32%) C#
17 108 (20.38%) SOAP
18 102 (19.25%) REST
19 100 (18.87%) SoapUI
20 97 (18.30%) AWS
21 93 (17.55%) Microsoft
22 86 (16.23%) Confluence
23 85 (16.04%) API Testing
24 82 (15.47%) Finance
25 78 (14.72%) ISTQB
26 76 (14.34%) Web Services
26 76 (14.34%) Microservices

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (16.23%) Confluence
2 31 (5.85%) Mule
3 20 (3.77%) WebLogic
4 18 (3.40%) NServiceBus
5 17 (3.21%) Tomcat
6 15 (2.83%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (2.64%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (2.64%) JBoss
8 9 (1.70%) SharePoint
9 5 (0.94%) IIS
9 5 (0.94%) Jetty
9 5 (0.94%) MQSeries
9 5 (0.94%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 5 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (0.94%) Red Hat Fuse
9 5 (0.94%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.57%) nginx
11 2 (0.38%) Apache Spark
11 2 (0.38%) CMS
11 2 (0.38%) GemFire
Applications
1 15 (2.83%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (2.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.94%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.57%) InVision
4 3 (0.57%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 11 (2.08%) Teamcenter
2 10 (1.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (1.89%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 9 (1.70%) SAP FI-CA
4 2 (0.38%) Maximo
4 2 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.19%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 1 (0.19%) Shopify
5 1 (0.19%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 122 (23.02%) Azure
2 97 (18.30%) AWS
3 58 (10.94%) GitHub
4 28 (5.28%) Slack
5 21 (3.96%) BrowserStack
6 20 (3.77%) GCP
7 19 (3.58%) npm
8 16 (3.02%) SaaS
9 9 (1.70%) BlazeMeter
9 9 (1.70%) Sauce Labs
10 8 (1.51%) Serverless
11 7 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
12 6 (1.13%) Tricentis Tosca
13 4 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
13 4 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
13 4 (0.75%) Datadog
13 4 (0.75%) Firebase
13 4 (0.75%) PaaS
14 3 (0.57%) Google Analytics
14 3 (0.57%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.21%) SSL
2 13 (2.45%) Firewall
2 13 (2.45%) TCP/IP
3 12 (2.26%) HTTP
4 11 (2.08%) DNS
5 8 (1.51%) Reverse Proxy
6 6 (1.13%) SSH
7 4 (0.75%) Internet
8 3 (0.57%) Skype
9 2 (0.38%) DSL
10 1 (0.19%) 3G
10 1 (0.19%) 4G
10 1 (0.19%) 5G
10 1 (0.19%) AMQP
10 1 (0.19%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.19%) PuTTY
10 1 (0.19%) tcpdump
10 1 (0.19%) WebEx
10 1 (0.19%) WinSCP
10 1 (0.19%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (10.94%) SQL Server
2 36 (6.79%) MySQL
3 31 (5.85%) MongoDB
4 19 (3.58%) Hadoop
4 19 (3.58%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (2.64%) Oracle Database
6 11 (2.08%) NoSQL
7 9 (1.70%) Apache Hive
7 9 (1.70%) DB2
8 8 (1.51%) DB2 UDB
9 7 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
9 7 (1.32%) Big Data
9 7 (1.32%) Cosmos DB
10 6 (1.13%) Relational Database
11 5 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (0.94%) Data Lake
12 4 (0.75%) Couchbase
12 4 (0.75%) Oracle Reports
12 4 (0.75%) SQL Server 2017
12 4 (0.75%) ZAP BI
Development Applications
1 209 (39.43%) Cucumber
2 179 (33.77%) JIRA
3 162 (30.57%) Jenkins
4 141 (26.60%) Git (software)
5 100 (18.87%) SoapUI
6 75 (14.15%) JUnit
7 72 (13.58%) JMeter
8 70 (13.21%) SpecFlow
9 67 (12.64%) WebDriver
10 54 (10.19%) Postman
10 54 (10.19%) Team Foundation Server
11 51 (9.62%) Maven
12 32 (6.04%) Visual Studio
13 28 (5.28%) Cypress.io
14 24 (4.53%) SonarQube
14 24 (4.53%) Subversion
15 23 (4.34%) Bitbucket
15 23 (4.34%) Zephyr
16 22 (4.15%) Sonatype Nexus
17 20 (3.77%) Gatling
General
1 82 (15.47%) Finance
2 50 (9.43%) Public Sector
3 33 (6.23%) Banking
4 9 (1.70%) Telecoms
5 7 (1.32%) Police
6 6 (1.13%) Marketing
7 5 (0.94%) Manufacturing
7 5 (0.94%) Retail
8 4 (0.75%) Electronics
9 3 (0.57%) Back Office
9 3 (0.57%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.38%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.38%) Front Office
10 2 (0.38%) Games
10 2 (0.38%) General Ledger
10 2 (0.38%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.38%) Law
10 2 (0.38%) Legal
11 1 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 126 (23.77%) Tester
2 91 (17.17%) Analyst
2 91 (17.17%) Developer
3 84 (15.85%) Automation Tester
4 76 (14.34%) Test Analyst
5 72 (13.58%) Test Engineer
6 49 (9.25%) Test Automation Engineer
7 32 (6.04%) DevOps Engineer
8 31 (5.85%) QA Engineer
9 26 (4.91%) .NET Developer
9 26 (4.91%) QA Tester
9 26 (4.91%) Senior Tester
10 25 (4.72%) Automation Test Analyst
11 23 (4.34%) Java Engineer
12 22 (4.15%) Java Developer
13 20 (3.77%) SC Cleared Test Analyst
13 20 (3.77%) Senior Automation Tester
14 16 (3.02%) Consultant
14 16 (3.02%) QA Automation Engineer
15 15 (2.83%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 108 (20.38%) SOAP
2 102 (19.25%) REST
3 76 (14.34%) Web Services
4 69 (13.02%) HTML
5 58 (10.94%) .NET
5 58 (10.94%) AngularJS
6 56 (10.57%) XML
7 53 (10.00%) Gherkin
8 52 (9.81%) Node.js
9 46 (8.68%) Spring
10 45 (8.49%) JSON
11 42 (7.92%) HTML5
12 39 (7.36%) CSS
13 37 (6.98%) RESTful
14 31 (5.85%) .NET Framework
14 31 (5.85%) Jest
15 30 (5.66%) ASP.NET
16 28 (5.28%) React
17 27 (5.09%) Spring Boot
18 20 (3.77%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 32 (6.04%) Mobile App
2 28 (5.28%) User Experience
3 18 (3.40%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (2.08%) SCORM
4 11 (2.08%) W3C
5 10 (1.89%) Greenfield Project
5 10 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
6 9 (1.70%) Linux Command Line
6 9 (1.70%) Mainframe
7 5 (0.94%) Derivative
7 5 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (0.94%) Private Cloud
8 4 (0.75%) Data Structures
8 4 (0.75%) N-Tier
8 4 (0.75%) Public Cloud
9 3 (0.57%) Management Information System
9 3 (0.57%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.38%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.38%) Client/Server
10 2 (0.38%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 69 (13.02%) Windows
2 64 (12.08%) Linux
3 53 (10.00%) Unix
4 25 (4.72%) Android
5 22 (4.15%) Apple iOS
6 16 (3.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (1.13%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.94%) CentOS
8 5 (0.94%) Debian
8 5 (0.94%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.38%) Solaris
9 2 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 417 (78.68%) Test Automation
2 360 (67.92%) Agile Software Development
3 214 (40.38%) DevOps
4 164 (30.94%) Scrum
5 146 (27.55%) BDD
6 123 (23.21%) Continuous Integration
7 117 (22.08%) TDD
8 85 (16.04%) API Testing
9 76 (14.34%) Microservices
10 73 (13.77%) Test Scripting
11 71 (13.40%) Kanban
12 69 (13.02%) Non-Functional Testing
12 69 (13.02%) Regression Testing
13 61 (11.51%) Performance Testing
14 54 (10.19%) Test Strategy
15 52 (9.81%) Problem-Solving
16 50 (9.43%) Unit Testing
17 49 (9.25%) Functional Testing
18 48 (9.06%) Integration Testing
19 46 (8.68%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 276 (52.08%) Java
2 143 (26.98%) SQL
3 113 (21.32%) C#
3 113 (21.32%) JavaScript
4 64 (12.08%) Python
5 36 (6.79%) PowerShell
6 24 (4.53%) Groovy
7 21 (3.96%) Ruby
7 21 (3.96%) Scala
8 19 (3.58%) Perl
8 19 (3.58%) PL/SQL
9 16 (3.02%) Java 8
10 15 (2.83%) ES6
11 13 (2.45%) C
11 13 (2.45%) TypeScript
12 12 (2.26%) PHP
13 10 (1.89%) C++
13 10 (1.89%) Shell Script
13 10 (1.89%) T-SQL
14 9 (1.70%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 146 (27.55%) Security Cleared
2 123 (23.21%) SC Cleared
3 78 (14.72%) ISTQB
4 59 (11.13%) ISEB
5 40 (7.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 18 (3.40%) Degree
7 10 (1.89%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 9 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
8 9 (1.70%) DV Cleared
9 8 (1.51%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.75%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.57%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.38%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.38%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.38%) Master's Degree
13 1 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.19%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 1 (0.19%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (24.91%) QA
2 19 (3.58%) WCAG
3 3 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.38%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.19%) GDPR
5 1 (0.19%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.19%) JSP 440
5 1 (0.19%) NIST
5 1 (0.19%) PSD2
5 1 (0.19%) SEPA
System Software
1 67 (12.64%) Docker
2 11 (2.08%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.70%) HDFS
4 8 (1.51%) RACF
5 1 (0.19%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.19%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 51 (9.62%) Kubernetes
2 39 (7.36%) Terraform
3 31 (5.85%) Ansible
4 19 (3.58%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (3.40%) Puppet
6 10 (1.89%) Rancher
7 7 (1.32%) HP ALM
7 7 (1.32%) Nagios
8 6 (1.13%) Consul
9 5 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.94%) Salt
10 4 (0.75%) Grafana
10 4 (0.75%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.57%) Kibana
12 2 (0.38%) Nessus
12 2 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
13 1 (0.19%) HAProxy
13 1 (0.19%) OpenNebula
13 1 (0.19%) Packer
13 1 (0.19%) yum
Vendors
1 93 (17.55%) Microsoft
2 68 (12.83%) Oracle
3 22 (4.15%) SAP
3 22 (4.15%) Splunk
4 15 (2.83%) AppDynamics
5 14 (2.64%) Atlassian
5 14 (2.64%) Red Hat
6 13 (2.45%) Blue Coat
6 13 (2.45%) F5
6 13 (2.45%) Google
7 11 (2.08%) MuleSoft
8 10 (1.89%) Sparx
9 8 (1.51%) HP
10 6 (1.13%) Sonatype
10 6 (1.13%) webMethods
11 5 (0.94%) Axway
11 5 (0.94%) Cloudera
11 5 (0.94%) Hortonworks
11 5 (0.94%) New Relic
11 5 (0.94%) Sybase