Period
to 24 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 24 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 174 137 87
Rank change year-on-year -37 -50 +25
Contract jobs citing Selenium 578 1,168 2,505
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.52% 1.90% 2.80%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.90% 11.03% 13.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 540 834 1,686
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £325 £313 £314
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £450
% change year-on-year +2.27% -2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 3 8
Median hourly rate £58.00 £52.00 £35.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.54% +47.52% -29.50%
10th Percentile £46.80 £35.20 £28.25
90th Percentile £59.20 £57.00 £39.00
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £52.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year -3.85% +44.44% -28.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,495 10,586 19,124
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.03% 17.25% 21.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,369 7,317 13,399
Median daily rate £475 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £328 £336
90th Percentile £649 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £480
% change year-on-year - -1.04% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 139 145 232
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.26% +6.82% -2.22%
10th Percentile £30.00 £16.50 £23.69
90th Percentile £61.25 £64.50 £55.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.00 £44.18
% change year-on-year -4.26% +6.38% -1.38%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 298 £450 -7.69% 58
North of England +25 99 £475 +20.63% 32
South East -37 71 £456 +1.39% 33
Midlands +16 40 £382 +0.20% 13
North East +19 37 £495 +23.75% 3
North West +25 35 £485 +24.36% 15
West Midlands +20 33 £380 +5.56% 10
Yorkshire +21 27 £438 +16.67% 14
East of England +30 24 £390 - 8
South West -23 18 £450 -2.78% 8
East Midlands +1 7 £468 +14.02% 3
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 403 (69.72%) Test Automation
2 305 (52.77%) Agile Software Development
3 302 (52.25%) Java
4 222 (38.41%) Cucumber
5 192 (33.22%) BDD
6 189 (32.70%) Jenkins
7 168 (29.07%) QA
8 161 (27.85%) DevOps
9 157 (27.16%) JavaScript
9 157 (27.16%) TDD
10 152 (26.30%) SQL
10 152 (26.30%) JIRA
11 132 (22.84%) Azure
12 125 (21.63%) C#
13 109 (18.86%) Continuous Integration
14 104 (17.99%) Git (software)
15 103 (17.82%) Scrum
16 101 (17.47%) .NET
17 98 (16.96%) Security Cleared
18 97 (16.78%) Python
18 97 (16.78%) Docker
19 89 (15.40%) AWS
20 83 (14.36%) REST
21 82 (14.19%) JMeter
22 81 (14.01%) SC Cleared
23 79 (13.67%) Microservices
24 75 (12.98%) WebDriver
25 73 (12.63%) Open Source
25 73 (12.63%) Postman
26 70 (12.11%) AngularJS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (10.90%) Confluence
2 21 (3.63%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (2.60%) WebLogic
4 13 (2.25%) Apache
5 12 (2.08%) JBoss
6 11 (1.90%) Apache Spark
7 7 (1.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 7 (1.21%) SharePoint
8 5 (0.87%) CMS
8 5 (0.87%) IIS
8 5 (0.87%) Mule
9 4 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.69%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.69%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.35%) Anypoint
10 2 (0.35%) nginx
10 2 (0.35%) Red Hat Fuse
11 1 (0.17%) Documentum
11 1 (0.17%) NServiceBus
11 1 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 7 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.35%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.69%) SAP FI-CA
1 4 (0.69%) SAP HCM
1 4 (0.69%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.52%) Magento
2 3 (0.52%) SAP PSCD
3 2 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.17%) Exstream
4 1 (0.17%) Maximo
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.17%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 132 (22.84%) Azure
2 89 (15.40%) AWS
3 50 (8.65%) GitHub
4 22 (3.81%) Serverless
5 17 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
6 15 (2.60%) Dynamics 365
7 14 (2.42%) GCP
8 12 (2.08%) PaaS
9 11 (1.90%) IaaS
10 10 (1.73%) OpenShift
10 10 (1.73%) Slack
11 9 (1.56%) BrowserStack
11 9 (1.56%) SaaS
11 9 (1.56%) Tricentis Tosca
12 8 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (1.38%) Amazon S3
13 7 (1.21%) Amazon EKS
13 7 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
13 7 (1.21%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (1.21%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.42%) HTTP
2 11 (1.90%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.56%) SSL
4 6 (1.04%) SSH
5 5 (0.87%) DNS
5 5 (0.87%) VPN
6 4 (0.69%) DSL
7 3 (0.52%) FTP
7 3 (0.52%) Internet
7 3 (0.52%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.35%) LAN
8 2 (0.35%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.17%) DMARC
9 1 (0.17%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.17%) Intranet
9 1 (0.17%) SMS
9 1 (0.17%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (5.36%) SQL Server
2 28 (4.84%) MySQL
3 26 (4.50%) NoSQL
4 22 (3.81%) MongoDB
4 22 (3.81%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (2.42%) Relational Database
6 13 (2.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 12 (2.08%) Hadoop
8 11 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
9 9 (1.56%) Oracle Database
10 8 (1.38%) Big Data
11 6 (1.04%) MS Access
12 5 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (0.87%) DB2
13 4 (0.69%) Oracle Reports
14 3 (0.52%) Neo4j
14 3 (0.52%) Power BI
15 2 (0.35%) DbVisualizer
15 2 (0.35%) RDBMS
15 2 (0.35%) Redis
Development Applications
1 222 (38.41%) Cucumber
2 189 (32.70%) Jenkins
3 152 (26.30%) JIRA
4 104 (17.99%) Git (software)
5 82 (14.19%) JMeter
6 75 (12.98%) WebDriver
7 73 (12.63%) Postman
8 68 (11.76%) SoapUI
9 63 (10.90%) JUnit
10 59 (10.21%) SpecFlow
11 52 (9.00%) Maven
12 44 (7.61%) Cypress.io
13 43 (7.44%) GitLab
14 35 (6.06%) REST Assured
15 31 (5.36%) SonarQube
16 29 (5.02%) HP UFT
17 28 (4.84%) Gatling
18 27 (4.67%) Appium
19 20 (3.46%) LoadRunner
19 20 (3.46%) NUnit
General
1 65 (11.25%) Public Sector
2 54 (9.34%) Finance
3 41 (7.09%) Banking
4 11 (1.90%) Investment Banking
5 8 (1.38%) Legal
6 7 (1.21%) Retail Banking
7 6 (1.04%) Law
7 6 (1.04%) Telecoms
8 5 (0.87%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.87%) Retail
9 4 (0.69%) Automotive
9 4 (0.69%) Billing
9 4 (0.69%) Front Office
9 4 (0.69%) Publishing
10 3 (0.52%) Games
10 3 (0.52%) Marketing
10 3 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.35%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.17%) Advertising
12 1 (0.17%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 129 (22.32%) Developer
2 105 (18.17%) Tester
3 94 (16.26%) Test Engineer
4 65 (11.25%) Automation Tester
5 52 (9.00%) QA Engineer
6 47 (8.13%) Test Automation Engineer
7 46 (7.96%) Analyst
8 39 (6.75%) Test Analyst
9 37 (6.40%) Java Developer
10 32 (5.54%) DevOps Engineer
11 24 (4.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 23 (3.98%) Automation Engineer
12 23 (3.98%) QA Automation Engineer
13 19 (3.29%) Architect
14 18 (3.11%) Developer in Test
14 18 (3.11%) QA Tester
15 16 (2.77%) Software Engineer
15 16 (2.77%) Test Leader
16 15 (2.60%) Angular Developer
16 15 (2.60%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (17.47%) .NET
2 83 (14.36%) REST
3 70 (12.11%) AngularJS
4 67 (11.59%) SOAP
5 66 (11.42%) Node.js
6 62 (10.73%) Web Services
7 59 (10.21%) XML
8 58 (10.03%) HTML
9 57 (9.86%) CSS
10 47 (8.13%) Spring
11 46 (7.96%) React
12 43 (7.44%) Gherkin
13 42 (7.27%) JSON
14 30 (5.19%) RESTful
15 29 (5.02%) HTML5
16 27 (4.67%) Jest
17 26 (4.50%) .NET Framework
18 22 (3.81%) Kafka
19 19 (3.29%) .NET Core
20 18 (3.11%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 29 (5.02%) Mobile App
2 27 (4.67%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (2.77%) Public Cloud
4 15 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (2.25%) NHS
6 11 (1.90%) Virtual Team
7 10 (1.73%) User Experience
8 9 (1.56%) Management Information System
9 7 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (0.69%) Data Structures
10 4 (0.69%) Fixed Income
10 4 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
11 3 (0.52%) Client/Server
11 3 (0.52%) Cloud Native
11 3 (0.52%) Derivative
11 3 (0.52%) PlayStation
12 2 (0.35%) Algorithms
12 2 (0.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 2 (0.35%) N-Tier
12 2 (0.35%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 53 (9.17%) Linux
2 43 (7.44%) Windows
3 36 (6.23%) Unix
4 25 (4.33%) Android
5 21 (3.63%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.87%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.69%) CentOS
8 2 (0.35%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 403 (69.72%) Test Automation
2 305 (52.77%) Agile Software Development
3 192 (33.22%) BDD
4 161 (27.85%) DevOps
5 157 (27.16%) TDD
6 109 (18.86%) Continuous Integration
7 103 (17.82%) Scrum
8 79 (13.67%) Microservices
9 73 (12.63%) Open Source
10 64 (11.07%) Test Scripting
11 61 (10.55%) API Testing
12 53 (9.17%) Performance Testing
13 51 (8.82%) Functional Testing
14 50 (8.65%) SDET
15 42 (7.27%) Regression Testing
15 42 (7.27%) Test Strategy
16 41 (7.09%) Manual Testing
17 40 (6.92%) SDLC
18 39 (6.75%) Continuous Delivery
19 38 (6.57%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 302 (52.25%) Java
2 157 (27.16%) JavaScript
3 152 (26.30%) SQL
4 125 (21.63%) C#
5 97 (16.78%) Python
6 36 (6.23%) Ruby
7 33 (5.71%) TypeScript
8 31 (5.36%) Java 8
9 21 (3.63%) Scala
10 17 (2.94%) C++
11 16 (2.77%) Groovy
12 15 (2.60%) Bash Shell
12 15 (2.60%) C
12 15 (2.60%) Perl
12 15 (2.60%) PHP
12 15 (2.60%) PL/SQL
12 15 (2.60%) Shell Script
13 14 (2.42%) PowerShell
14 13 (2.25%) VB.NET
15 12 (2.08%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 98 (16.96%) Security Cleared
2 81 (14.01%) SC Cleared
3 45 (7.79%) ISTQB
4 30 (5.19%) ISEB
5 25 (4.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 17 (2.94%) DV Cleared
7 11 (1.90%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (1.56%) Degree
9 8 (1.38%) TOGAF Certification
10 4 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
11 3 (0.52%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 2 (0.35%) Master's Degree
13 1 (0.17%) HNC
13 1 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
13 1 (0.17%) MCP
13 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (29.07%) QA
2 10 (1.73%) NIST
3 9 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (1.04%) WCAG
5 3 (0.52%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.35%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.35%) SEPA
6 2 (0.35%) TARGET2
7 1 (0.17%) GDPR
System Software
1 97 (16.78%) Docker
2 4 (0.69%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.17%) HDFS
3 1 (0.17%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 63 (10.90%) Kubernetes
2 62 (10.73%) Terraform
3 40 (6.92%) Ansible
4 30 (5.19%) HP ALM
5 29 (5.02%) Puppet
6 16 (2.77%) HP Fortify
7 11 (1.90%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (1.73%) HP Quality Center
9 9 (1.56%) Kibana
10 7 (1.21%) Grafana
10 7 (1.21%) Rancher
11 5 (0.87%) Rundeck
11 5 (0.87%) ZABBIX
12 4 (0.69%) Nagios
13 2 (0.35%) Giant Swarm
13 2 (0.35%) Sysdig
14 1 (0.17%) Consul
14 1 (0.17%) Packer
14 1 (0.17%) Prometheus
14 1 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 69 (11.94%) Oracle
2 37 (6.40%) HP
3 31 (5.36%) Microsoft
4 19 (3.29%) Splunk
5 15 (2.60%) Google
6 14 (2.42%) Dynatrace
7 11 (1.90%) IBM
7 11 (1.90%) Micro Focus
7 11 (1.90%) MuleSoft
7 11 (1.90%) SAP
8 10 (1.73%) webMethods
9 9 (1.56%) Black Duck
9 9 (1.56%) Qualys
9 9 (1.56%) Sonatype
10 8 (1.38%) Adobe
10 8 (1.38%) ArcSight
10 8 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
11 5 (0.87%) Atlassian
12 4 (0.69%) Red Hat
12 4 (0.69%) TIBCO