Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 91 125 149
Rank change year-on-year +34 +24 +16
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,615 1,832 1,765
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.79% 2.02% 1.77%
As % of the Development Applications category 13.35% 11.08% 10.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,706 1,159 1,192
England median daily rate £445 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.71% +4.94% +4.52%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £575 £550 £538
UK median daily rate £425 £423 £400
% change year-on-year +0.59% +5.63% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 17
England median hourly rate £37.50 £47.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.05% -8.65% +34.19%
10th Percentile £20.05 £24.63 £36.00
90th Percentile £69.00 £50.63 £59.31
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year -26.32% -8.65% +34.19%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,585 16,538 16,056
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.86% 18.21% 16.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,553 11,403 11,018
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 214 275 250
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.41% +9.21%
10th Percentile £26.33 £28.75 £26.24
90th Percentile £53.38 £59.50 £52.63
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year - +2.41% +9.21%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +34 1,303 £475 - 204
North of England +7 397 £400 +8.11% 130
South East +20 377 £400 +3.23% 92
Midlands +69 255 £410 +9.33% 84
North West +48 201 £413 +10.00% 63
South West +39 182 £400 +6.67% 79
West Midlands +68 179 £425 +6.25% 50
Yorkshire +9 166 £388 +6.30% 58
East of England +35 98 £400 +17.65% 35
East Midlands +26 75 £400 +6.67% 34
North East -36 31 £406 +9.80% 9
South Coast - 3 - -
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,076 (79.39%) Test Automation
2 1,754 (67.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,383 (52.89%) Java
4 1,068 (40.84%) Cucumber
5 825 (31.55%) BDD
6 790 (30.21%) Jenkins
7 728 (27.84%) JavaScript
8 698 (26.69%) C#
9 688 (26.31%) TDD
10 676 (25.85%) QA
11 669 (25.58%) Scrum
12 657 (25.12%) Git (software)
13 646 (24.70%) JIRA
14 618 (23.63%) Continuous Integration
15 581 (22.22%) WebDriver
16 512 (19.58%) SQL
17 504 (19.27%) DevOps
18 430 (16.44%) .NET
19 419 (16.02%) HTML
20 415 (15.87%) CSS
21 409 (15.64%) Docker
21 409 (15.64%) API Testing
22 407 (15.56%) Gherkin
23 393 (15.03%) Finance
24 382 (14.61%) Web Services
25 371 (14.19%) SpecFlow
26 365 (13.96%) Linux
27 341 (13.04%) Python
28 328 (12.54%) AngularJS
29 326 (12.47%) SoapUI

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 309 (11.82%) Confluence
2 90 (3.44%) Tomcat
3 65 (2.49%) JBoss
4 63 (2.41%) Apache
5 45 (1.72%) nginx
6 41 (1.57%) CMS
7 36 (1.38%) SharePoint
8 35 (1.34%) Cloud Foundry
9 33 (1.26%) WebLogic
10 32 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
11 26 (0.99%) IIS
12 18 (0.69%) Apache Spark
12 18 (0.69%) NServiceBus
13 15 (0.57%) Umbraco
14 14 (0.54%) Gunicorn
14 14 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 13 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 13 (0.50%) Apache Solr
15 13 (0.50%) Mule
16 12 (0.46%) Documentum
Applications
1 25 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.42%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.38%) Fireworks
4 9 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 9 (0.34%) OmniGraffle
5 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.076%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.038%) HipChat
8 1 (0.038%) Mingle
8 1 (0.038%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.038%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.15%) Eagle PACE
3 4 (0.15%) Front Arena
3 4 (0.15%) thinkFolio
4 3 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.11%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.076%) Magento
6 1 (0.038%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.038%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.038%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 309 (11.82%) Amazon AWS
2 299 (11.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 165 (6.31%) GitHub
4 100 (3.82%) BrowserStack
5 66 (2.52%) Sauce Labs
6 55 (2.10%) Google Analytics
7 47 (1.80%) Google Cloud Platform
8 40 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
9 39 (1.49%) Serverless
10 31 (1.19%) PaaS
11 30 (1.15%) IaaS
12 29 (1.11%) SaaS
12 29 (1.11%) Slack
13 28 (1.07%) npm
13 28 (1.07%) OpenShift
14 27 (1.03%) Dynamics 365
15 24 (0.92%) NuGet
16 22 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
17 21 (0.80%) BlazeMeter
18 20 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 121 (4.63%) HTTP
2 57 (2.18%) TCP/IP
3 50 (1.91%) SSL
4 44 (1.68%) Internet
5 15 (0.57%) Firewall
6 14 (0.54%) Skype
7 12 (0.46%) PuTTY
7 12 (0.46%) WinSCP
8 9 (0.34%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.34%) SMS
9 8 (0.31%) DNS
10 5 (0.19%) AMQP
11 4 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
12 3 (0.11%) DHCP
12 3 (0.11%) DSL
12 3 (0.11%) ICMP
12 3 (0.11%) SMTP
13 2 (0.076%) LAN
13 2 (0.076%) SSH
13 2 (0.076%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (6.62%) MongoDB
2 170 (6.50%) SQL Server
3 155 (5.93%) PostgreSQL
4 118 (4.51%) MySQL
5 90 (3.44%) NoSQL
5 90 (3.44%) Relational Database
6 40 (1.53%) Oracle Database
7 38 (1.45%) Redis
8 34 (1.30%) Big Data
9 30 (1.15%) Couchbase
9 30 (1.15%) SQL Server 2016
10 28 (1.07%) SQL Server 2012
11 25 (0.96%) Hadoop
12 21 (0.80%) RDBMS
13 19 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
14 17 (0.65%) Apache Cassandra
15 16 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
15 16 (0.61%) Oracle Database 11g
16 15 (0.57%) DB2
17 14 (0.54%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1,068 (40.84%) Cucumber
2 790 (30.21%) Jenkins
3 657 (25.12%) Git (software)
4 646 (24.70%) JIRA
5 581 (22.22%) WebDriver
6 371 (14.19%) SpecFlow
7 326 (12.47%) SoapUI
8 324 (12.39%) JMeter
9 271 (10.36%) JUnit
10 238 (9.10%) Maven
11 156 (5.97%) Gatling
12 144 (5.51%) Visual Studio
13 141 (5.39%) Bitbucket
14 139 (5.32%) TeamCity
15 135 (5.16%) Team Foundation Server
16 121 (4.63%) Ant
17 120 (4.59%) Appium
18 119 (4.55%) HP UFT
19 117 (4.47%) Visual Studio Team System
20 114 (4.36%) NUnit
General
1 393 (15.03%) Finance
2 193 (7.38%) Banking
3 112 (4.28%) Retail
4 28 (1.07%) Marketing
5 24 (0.92%) Back Office
5 24 (0.92%) Financial Institution
5 24 (0.92%) Telecoms
6 19 (0.73%) Advertising
7 18 (0.69%) Investment Banking
8 12 (0.46%) Manufacturing
9 11 (0.42%) Front Office
9 11 (0.42%) Games
10 10 (0.38%) Retail Banking
11 9 (0.34%) Law
12 8 (0.31%) Legal
13 7 (0.27%) Electronics
14 6 (0.23%) Automotive
15 3 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
15 3 (0.11%) Online Betting
15 3 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 749 (28.64%) Developer
2 528 (20.19%) Tester
3 405 (15.49%) Analyst
4 397 (15.18%) Automation Tester
5 367 (14.03%) Test Analyst
6 272 (10.40%) Test Engineer
7 222 (8.49%) Automation Test Analyst
8 198 (7.57%) Java Developer
9 179 (6.85%) Developer in Test
10 176 (6.73%) Test Automation Engineer
11 146 (5.58%) Selenium Tester
12 134 (5.12%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 113 (4.32%) QA Engineer
14 110 (4.21%) QA Tester
15 107 (4.09%) Test Leader
16 105 (4.02%) DevOps Engineer
17 100 (3.82%) Test Automation Developer
18 92 (3.52%) C# Developer
19 90 (3.44%) Java Engineer
20 89 (3.40%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 430 (16.44%) .NET
2 419 (16.02%) HTML
3 415 (15.87%) CSS
4 407 (15.56%) Gherkin
5 382 (14.61%) Web Services
6 328 (12.54%) AngularJS
7 304 (11.63%) REST
8 287 (10.98%) SOAP
9 283 (10.82%) Node.js
10 264 (10.10%) RESTful
11 229 (8.76%) XML
12 208 (7.95%) HTML5
13 200 (7.65%) JSON
13 200 (7.65%) React
14 186 (7.11%) Spring
15 154 (5.89%) jQuery
16 138 (5.28%) ASP.NET
17 111 (4.24%) CSS3
18 108 (4.13%) .NET Framework
19 92 (3.52%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 166 (6.35%) Analytical Skills
2 108 (4.13%) Mobile App
3 106 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
4 101 (3.86%) User Experience
5 85 (3.25%) Fintech
6 81 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
7 77 (2.94%) Computer Science
8 51 (1.95%) Linux Command Line
9 42 (1.61%) Algorithms
10 33 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 23 (0.88%) Data Structures
12 22 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
12 22 (0.84%) Virtual Team
13 15 (0.57%) Fixed Income
13 15 (0.57%) Video on Demand
14 14 (0.54%) NHS
15 13 (0.50%) Public Cloud
16 12 (0.46%) Client/Server
16 12 (0.46%) Equities
17 11 (0.42%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 365 (13.96%) Linux
2 234 (8.95%) Windows
3 172 (6.58%) Unix
4 76 (2.91%) Ubuntu
5 69 (2.64%) Android
6 67 (2.56%) Apple iOS
7 57 (2.18%) Windows Server
8 50 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 18 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.61%) Windows Server 2003
11 15 (0.57%) VMS
12 13 (0.50%) CentOS
13 12 (0.46%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
15 7 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 6 (0.23%) Solaris
17 4 (0.15%) Debian
18 2 (0.076%) Windows 10
19 1 (0.038%) Nucleus RTOS
19 1 (0.038%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,076 (79.39%) Test Automation
2 1,754 (67.07%) Agile Software Development
3 825 (31.55%) BDD
4 688 (26.31%) TDD
5 669 (25.58%) Scrum
6 618 (23.63%) Continuous Integration
7 504 (19.27%) DevOps
8 409 (15.64%) API Testing
9 316 (12.08%) SDET
10 300 (11.47%) Microservices
11 293 (11.20%) Test Scripting
12 254 (9.71%) Test Strategy
13 248 (9.48%) Kanban
14 247 (9.45%) Open Source
15 246 (9.41%) Performance Testing
16 210 (8.03%) Problem-Solving
17 193 (7.38%) SDLC
18 185 (7.07%) Functional Testing
19 184 (7.04%) OO
19 184 (7.04%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,383 (52.89%) Java
2 728 (27.84%) JavaScript
3 698 (26.69%) C#
4 512 (19.58%) SQL
5 341 (13.04%) Python
6 170 (6.50%) Ruby
7 145 (5.54%) Groovy
8 143 (5.47%) Scala
9 97 (3.71%) Java 8
10 76 (2.91%) Perl
11 75 (2.87%) Bash Shell
12 70 (2.68%) ES6
13 65 (2.49%) TypeScript
14 60 (2.29%) PHP
15 53 (2.03%) C
16 44 (1.68%) C++
17 43 (1.64%) Haskell
18 42 (1.61%) Go
18 42 (1.61%) PowerShell
19 39 (1.49%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 237 (9.06%) Security Cleared
2 195 (7.46%) ISTQB
3 186 (7.11%) SC Cleared
4 168 (6.42%) ISEB
5 125 (4.78%) Degree
6 51 (1.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 43 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
8 30 (1.15%) DV Cleared
9 28 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
10 19 (0.73%) ISEB Practitioner
11 17 (0.65%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 15 (0.57%) Master's Degree
13 6 (0.23%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.23%) BC Cleared
13 6 (0.23%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.19%) CCNA
14 5 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
15 3 (0.11%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.11%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 676 (25.85%) QA
2 14 (0.54%) GDPR
3 13 (0.50%) PMO
4 12 (0.46%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.46%) GCP
4 12 (0.46%) WCAG
5 8 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.11%) EMIR
6 3 (0.11%) MiFID
7 1 (0.038%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.038%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 409 (15.64%) Docker
2 25 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.50%) vSphere
5 11 (0.42%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.27%) HDFS
7 6 (0.23%) LXC
7 6 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.11%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.076%) ACF2
9 2 (0.076%) RACF
10 1 (0.038%) IAG
Systems Management
1 166 (6.35%) Puppet
2 113 (4.32%) Ansible
3 89 (3.40%) Kubernetes
4 87 (3.33%) Kibana
5 86 (3.29%) Opscode Chef
6 73 (2.79%) Grafana
7 66 (2.52%) Terraform
8 48 (1.84%) HP Quality Center
9 41 (1.57%) HP ALM
10 18 (0.69%) logstash
11 15 (0.57%) Graphite
11 15 (0.57%) Packer
12 10 (0.38%) Nagios
12 10 (0.38%) WMI
13 6 (0.23%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 6 (0.23%) OpenView
13 6 (0.23%) SCOM
13 6 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
13 6 (0.23%) ZABBIX
14 5 (0.19%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 217 (8.30%) Microsoft
2 183 (7.00%) Oracle
3 118 (4.51%) Google
4 93 (3.56%) HP
5 90 (3.44%) Atlassian
6 61 (2.33%) Adobe
7 53 (2.03%) Splunk
8 44 (1.68%) Red Hat
9 39 (1.49%) webMethods
10 38 (1.45%) AppDynamics
11 31 (1.19%) VMware
12 26 (0.99%) IBM
13 24 (0.92%) hybris
13 24 (0.92%) MuleSoft
14 22 (0.84%) SAP
15 20 (0.76%) Zend
16 19 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
17 18 (0.69%) New Relic
18 17 (0.65%) Software AG
19 16 (0.61%) Capita