Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 107 105 109
Rank change year-on-year -2 +4 +61
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,876 2,206 1,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.26% 2.41% 2.20%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.33% 12.12% 12.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,259 1,436 1,160
England median daily rate £438 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% +6.45%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £281
90th Percentile £566 £575 £538
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £403
% change year-on-year +2.94% +5.59% +7.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 12 13
England median hourly rate £34.75 £45.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.78% -10.00% -3.85%
10th Percentile £26.65 £23.30 £45.95
90th Percentile £47.88 £68.25 £74.34
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% -15.00% +8.70%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 16,560 18,204 14,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.95% 19.89% 17.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,017 12,522 10,047
England median daily rate £485 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £340 £320 £305
90th Percentile £638 £613 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £425
% change year-on-year +2.15% +9.41% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 253 224 299
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +1.19% -1.18%
10th Percentile £21.25 £26.50 £28.05
90th Percentile £55.00 £66.58 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -16 866 £454 +0.89% 71
South East -3 353 £438 +9.38% 26
North of England +15 301 £390 - 32
South West -15 143 £425 - 26
Midlands -21 133 £400 -3.03% 10
North West +10 128 £425 +3.66% 14
West Midlands -11 94 £425 - 9
North East +58 90 £338 -28.95% 3
Yorkshire -30 83 £363 +3.57% 15
East of England -9 79 £400 -5.88% 17
East Midlands -18 35 £350 -8.79% 1
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,472 (78.46%) Test Automation
2 1,142 (60.87%) Agile Software Development
3 886 (47.23%) Java
4 845 (45.04%) Cucumber
5 631 (33.64%) Jenkins
6 548 (29.21%) JavaScript
7 539 (28.73%) BDD
8 517 (27.56%) Scrum
9 493 (26.28%) JIRA
10 489 (26.07%) QA
11 456 (24.31%) SQL
12 445 (23.72%) C#
13 430 (22.92%) Git (software)
14 427 (22.76%) TDD
15 406 (21.64%) DevOps
16 386 (20.58%) WebDriver
17 373 (19.88%) Continuous Integration
18 302 (16.10%) Web Services
19 265 (14.13%) Python
20 263 (14.02%) HTML
21 256 (13.65%) Test Scripting
22 251 (13.38%) .NET
23 250 (13.33%) Finance
24 249 (13.27%) Microsoft Azure
25 247 (13.17%) Docker
26 244 (13.01%) JMeter
27 243 (12.95%) SpecFlow
28 232 (12.37%) REST
29 231 (12.31%) Confluence
30 223 (11.89%) CSS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 231 (12.31%) Confluence
2 55 (2.93%) Apache
3 51 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
4 40 (2.13%) Tomcat
5 36 (1.92%) WebLogic
6 33 (1.76%) CMS
7 31 (1.65%) JBoss
8 27 (1.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 25 (1.33%) nginx
10 20 (1.07%) Apache Solr
10 20 (1.07%) Documentum
11 19 (1.01%) SharePoint
12 18 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
12 18 (0.96%) WebSphere
13 14 (0.75%) Mule
14 13 (0.69%) Apache Spark
15 9 (0.48%) Drupal
15 9 (0.48%) Magnolia
16 8 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
16 8 (0.43%) IIS
Applications
1 22 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.053%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.053%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 27 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.69%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 12 (0.64%) Magento
4 5 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.21%) Fredhopper
5 4 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.21%) SAP FI-CA
5 4 (0.21%) SAP PSCD
6 3 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.053%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.053%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.053%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.053%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 249 (13.27%) Microsoft Azure
2 195 (10.39%) Amazon AWS
3 121 (6.45%) GitHub
4 73 (3.89%) Sauce Labs
5 69 (3.68%) BrowserStack
6 56 (2.99%) Serverless
7 54 (2.88%) Google Cloud Platform
8 30 (1.60%) AWS Lambda
9 27 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
10 25 (1.33%) SaaS
11 23 (1.23%) Amazon S3
12 21 (1.12%) PaaS
13 19 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
13 19 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
13 19 (1.01%) npm
14 18 (0.96%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 17 (0.91%) Slack
16 16 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (0.85%) Google App Engine
16 16 (0.85%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.40%) HTTP
2 29 (1.55%) Internet
3 20 (1.07%) TCP/IP
4 19 (1.01%) SSL
5 13 (0.69%) AMQP
6 10 (0.53%) SSH
7 7 (0.37%) DSL
8 6 (0.32%) SNMP
9 5 (0.27%) ATM
9 5 (0.27%) DNS
10 3 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.16%) Intranet
11 2 (0.11%) BIG-IP
11 2 (0.11%) MQTT
11 2 (0.11%) Skype
12 1 (0.053%) ADSL2+
12 1 (0.053%) Cisco IOS
12 1 (0.053%) PBX
12 1 (0.053%) SMTP
12 1 (0.053%) VDSL2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (8.53%) SQL Server
2 112 (5.97%) MongoDB
3 89 (4.74%) MySQL
4 66 (3.52%) Relational Database
5 54 (2.88%) NoSQL
6 53 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
6 53 (2.83%) PostgreSQL
7 42 (2.24%) Big Data
8 28 (1.49%) Redis
9 19 (1.01%) Cosmos DB
10 18 (0.96%) RDBMS
11 16 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
11 16 (0.85%) Hadoop
11 16 (0.85%) Oracle Database
12 15 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 14 (0.75%) Couchbase
13 14 (0.75%) DB2
13 14 (0.75%) SQL Server 2012
14 11 (0.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 10 (0.53%) Impala
Development Applications
1 845 (45.04%) Cucumber
2 631 (33.64%) Jenkins
3 493 (26.28%) JIRA
4 430 (22.92%) Git (software)
5 386 (20.58%) WebDriver
6 244 (13.01%) JMeter
7 243 (12.95%) SpecFlow
8 219 (11.67%) SoapUI
9 194 (10.34%) Maven
10 157 (8.37%) JUnit
11 132 (7.04%) Visual Studio
12 114 (6.08%) Appium
13 95 (5.06%) Visual Studio Team System
14 93 (4.96%) TeamCity
15 80 (4.26%) Team Foundation Server
16 74 (3.94%) LoadRunner
17 71 (3.78%) Gatling
18 70 (3.73%) Eclipse
19 68 (3.62%) Bitbucket
20 67 (3.57%) HP UFT
General
1 250 (13.33%) Finance
2 101 (5.38%) Banking
3 92 (4.90%) Retail
4 41 (2.19%) Marketing
5 22 (1.17%) Telecoms
6 20 (1.07%) Manufacturing
7 19 (1.01%) Back Office
8 18 (0.96%) Games
9 17 (0.91%) Front Office
10 16 (0.85%) Advertising
10 16 (0.85%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.75%) Electronics
12 12 (0.64%) Automotive
12 12 (0.64%) Investment Banking
13 9 (0.48%) Law
13 9 (0.48%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.37%) Legal
15 4 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.11%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.11%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 506 (26.97%) Tester
2 470 (25.05%) Developer
3 359 (19.14%) Automation Tester
4 332 (17.70%) Analyst
5 304 (16.20%) Test Analyst
6 230 (12.26%) Test Engineer
7 142 (7.57%) Automation Test Analyst
8 137 (7.30%) Test Automation Engineer
9 122 (6.50%) Developer in Test
10 107 (5.70%) Java Developer
11 87 (4.64%) Selenium Tester
12 82 (4.37%) QA Tester
13 81 (4.32%) Selenium Automation Tester
14 80 (4.26%) QA Engineer
15 73 (3.89%) Test Automation Developer
16 67 (3.57%) Java Automation Tester
16 67 (3.57%) Software Developer
17 66 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
18 58 (3.09%) Automation Engineer
18 58 (3.09%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 302 (16.10%) Web Services
2 263 (14.02%) HTML
3 251 (13.38%) .NET
4 232 (12.37%) REST
5 223 (11.89%) CSS
6 216 (11.51%) Gherkin
7 213 (11.35%) AngularJS
8 194 (10.34%) SOAP
9 186 (9.91%) Node.js
10 171 (9.12%) RESTful
11 170 (9.06%) Spring
12 138 (7.36%) React
13 135 (7.20%) XML
14 123 (6.56%) JSON
15 112 (5.97%) HTML5
16 91 (4.85%) Spring Boot
17 81 (4.32%) jQuery
18 72 (3.84%) Redux
19 65 (3.46%) Jest
20 60 (3.20%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 141 (7.52%) Analytical Skills
2 99 (5.28%) Mobile App
3 96 (5.12%) User Experience
4 46 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
5 40 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
6 24 (1.28%) Virtual Team
7 22 (1.17%) Algorithms
8 18 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (0.96%) NHS
9 17 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
9 17 (0.91%) Wiki
10 15 (0.80%) Video on Demand
11 14 (0.75%) Client/Server
12 13 (0.69%) Data Structures
13 11 (0.59%) Mainframe
14 10 (0.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 10 (0.53%) Public Cloud
15 9 (0.48%) Data Protection Act
15 9 (0.48%) Video\Live Streaming
16 8 (0.43%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 140 (7.46%) Linux
2 122 (6.50%) Unix
3 109 (5.81%) Windows
4 60 (3.20%) Android
5 59 (3.14%) Apple iOS
6 33 (1.76%) Ubuntu
7 15 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.59%) Mac OS X
9 10 (0.53%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.37%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.21%) CentOS
12 2 (0.11%) AIX
12 2 (0.11%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.053%) MVS
13 1 (0.053%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,472 (78.46%) Test Automation
2 1,142 (60.87%) Agile Software Development
3 539 (28.73%) BDD
4 517 (27.56%) Scrum
5 427 (22.76%) TDD
6 406 (21.64%) DevOps
7 373 (19.88%) Continuous Integration
8 256 (13.65%) Test Scripting
9 216 (11.51%) Test Strategy
10 215 (11.46%) SDET
11 210 (11.19%) Microservices
12 195 (10.39%) Kanban
13 187 (9.97%) Manual Testing
14 186 (9.91%) Performance Testing
15 183 (9.75%) API Testing
16 171 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
17 162 (8.64%) Continuous Delivery
18 150 (8.00%) Regression Testing
19 140 (7.46%) User Stories
20 137 (7.30%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 886 (47.23%) Java
2 548 (29.21%) JavaScript
3 456 (24.31%) SQL
4 445 (23.72%) C#
5 265 (14.13%) Python
6 88 (4.69%) Java 8
7 77 (4.10%) Ruby
8 67 (3.57%) Scala
9 63 (3.36%) PowerShell
10 62 (3.30%) Groovy
11 59 (3.14%) ES6
12 51 (2.72%) TypeScript
13 44 (2.35%) PHP
14 42 (2.24%) Bash Shell
15 41 (2.19%) Perl
16 37 (1.97%) T-SQL
17 36 (1.92%) PL/SQL
18 29 (1.55%) C++
19 23 (1.23%) C
19 23 (1.23%) Go
Qualifications
1 161 (8.58%) Security Cleared
2 151 (8.05%) ISTQB
3 128 (6.82%) ISEB
4 102 (5.44%) SC Cleared
5 58 (3.09%) Degree
5 58 (3.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 36 (1.92%) DV Cleared
7 31 (1.65%) BPSS Clearance
8 26 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
9 12 (0.64%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 11 (0.59%) CTC Cleared
11 8 (0.43%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
13 2 (0.11%) HP APS
13 2 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.053%) AWS Certification
14 1 (0.053%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.053%) Master's Degree
14 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.053%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 489 (26.07%) QA
2 9 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.43%) GDPR
3 8 (0.43%) WCAG
4 7 (0.37%) SEPA
5 6 (0.32%) HL7
6 3 (0.16%) PSD2
7 2 (0.11%) PMBOK
8 1 (0.053%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.053%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.053%) PMO
8 1 (0.053%) Section 508
8 1 (0.053%) SLA
System Software
1 247 (13.17%) Docker
2 15 (0.80%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.37%) HDFS
5 6 (0.32%) RACF
6 5 (0.27%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.21%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.053%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.053%) Postfix
9 1 (0.053%) Time Sharing Option
9 1 (0.053%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.053%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 89 (4.74%) Kubernetes
2 64 (3.41%) Ansible
3 62 (3.30%) Puppet
4 42 (2.24%) Terraform
5 41 (2.19%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (1.87%) HP Quality Center
7 30 (1.60%) Kibana
8 25 (1.33%) HP ALM
9 19 (1.01%) CA Service Virtualization
10 18 (0.96%) Grafana
11 10 (0.53%) Nagios
11 10 (0.53%) Rundeck
12 6 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.32%) Marathon
12 6 (0.32%) Mesos
13 5 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.27%) logstash
13 5 (0.27%) SCCM
14 4 (0.21%) Nessus
14 4 (0.21%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 167 (8.90%) Oracle
2 151 (8.05%) Microsoft
3 80 (4.26%) HP
4 67 (3.57%) Atlassian
5 54 (2.88%) Google
6 50 (2.67%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 41 (2.19%) IBM
8 38 (2.03%) Salesforce.com
8 38 (2.03%) Splunk
9 37 (1.97%) Adobe
10 36 (1.92%) SAP
11 25 (1.33%) MuleSoft
12 24 (1.28%) hybris
13 22 (1.17%) Pega
13 22 (1.17%) webMethods
14 19 (1.01%) CA
15 16 (0.85%) Twitter
16 15 (0.80%) AppDynamics
17 14 (0.75%) Facebook
17 14 (0.75%) Netezza