Period
to 22 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 22 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 156 126 87
Rank change year-on-year -30 -39 +48
Contract jobs citing Selenium 479 1,600 2,747
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.75% 2.07% 2.91%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.73% 11.65% 13.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 382 1,139 1,818
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £315 £313 £313
90th Percentile £583 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £430
% change year-on-year +2.86% +1.74% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 9
Median hourly rate £36.75 £45.84 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.82% +41.03% -31.58%
10th Percentile £35.00 £31.70 £20.05
90th Percentile £55.82 £59.00 £44.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% +38.46% -31.58%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 4,922 13,731 19,867
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.01% 17.74% 21.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,186 9,125 13,720
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £331 £325
90th Percentile £650 £643 £625
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.11% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 102 187 205
Median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £30.00 £20.95 £25.16
90th Percentile £61.03 £60.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.02 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.45% +3.58% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -26 198 £450 - 61
North of England +6 97 £475 +21.41% 44
South East -4 78 £450 - 37
Midlands +37 45 £415 +1.84% 13
North West +74 41 £450 - 19
South West +8 35 £420 -6.67% 20
North East +3 30 £500 +40.85% 15
West Midlands +43 28 £432 -1.26% 9
Yorkshire -8 26 £475 +28.55% 10
East of England +45 23 £450 +5.88% 10
East Midlands +27 17 £315 -17.38% 3
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 358 (74.74%) Test Automation
2 306 (63.88%) Agile Software Development
3 265 (55.32%) Java
4 218 (45.51%) Cucumber
5 176 (36.74%) DevOps
6 156 (32.57%) BDD
6 156 (32.57%) Jenkins
7 147 (30.69%) JIRA
8 139 (29.02%) Git (software)
9 134 (27.97%) SQL
10 127 (26.51%) Continuous Integration
11 126 (26.30%) TDD
12 125 (26.10%) Scrum
13 123 (25.68%) Security Cleared
14 122 (25.47%) QA
15 116 (24.22%) REST
16 113 (23.59%) JavaScript
17 106 (22.13%) SC Cleared
18 101 (21.09%) Azure
19 100 (20.88%) C#
20 99 (20.67%) SOAP
21 84 (17.54%) Microservices
22 81 (16.91%) AWS
23 74 (15.45%) Docker
24 71 (14.82%) .NET
24 71 (14.82%) Confluence
25 68 (14.20%) JUnit
26 67 (13.99%) Python
26 67 (13.99%) SoapUI
27 66 (13.78%) Microsoft

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (14.82%) Confluence
2 34 (7.10%) Mule
3 27 (5.64%) WebLogic
4 26 (5.43%) Elasticsearch
5 18 (3.76%) NServiceBus
6 14 (2.92%) Cloud Foundry
7 12 (2.51%) Tomcat
8 9 (1.88%) JBoss
9 8 (1.67%) SharePoint
10 7 (1.46%) Apache Spark
11 5 (1.04%) IIS
11 5 (1.04%) Jetty
11 5 (1.04%) MQSeries
11 5 (1.04%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 5 (1.04%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.84%) CMS
13 3 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.63%) Apache
14 2 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 2 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 12 (2.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.84%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.42%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 11 (2.30%) SAP FI-CA
1 11 (2.30%) Teamcenter
2 8 (1.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (1.04%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.21%) Exstream
5 1 (0.21%) SAP PSCD
5 1 (0.21%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 101 (21.09%) Azure
2 81 (16.91%) AWS
3 50 (10.44%) GitHub
4 23 (4.80%) BrowserStack
4 23 (4.80%) Slack
5 19 (3.97%) npm
6 18 (3.76%) GCP
7 11 (2.30%) SaaS
8 9 (1.88%) BlazeMeter
8 9 (1.88%) Tricentis Tosca
9 8 (1.67%) PaaS
10 7 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
10 7 (1.46%) Azure Data Factory
10 7 (1.46%) Serverless
11 6 (1.25%) IaaS
12 5 (1.04%) Firebase
12 5 (1.04%) Google Analytics
12 5 (1.04%) Office 365
12 5 (1.04%) Sauce Labs
13 4 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.97%) SSL
2 14 (2.92%) TCP/IP
3 10 (2.09%) DNS
4 9 (1.88%) HTTP
5 8 (1.67%) Firewall
5 8 (1.67%) Reverse Proxy
6 7 (1.46%) SSH
7 6 (1.25%) Internet
8 4 (0.84%) DSL
9 2 (0.42%) Skype
10 1 (0.21%) 3G
10 1 (0.21%) 4G
10 1 (0.21%) 5G
10 1 (0.21%) Intranet
10 1 (0.21%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (10.23%) SQL Server
2 40 (8.35%) MySQL
3 35 (7.31%) MongoDB
4 27 (5.64%) Hadoop
5 21 (4.38%) Oracle Database
6 15 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (2.09%) Apache Hive
8 9 (1.88%) Relational Database
9 8 (1.67%) NoSQL
10 7 (1.46%) Couchbase
10 7 (1.46%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (1.25%) Big Data
11 6 (1.25%) Cosmos DB
12 5 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 5 (1.04%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (1.04%) Data Lake
12 5 (1.04%) SQL Server 2017
13 4 (0.84%) DB2
13 4 (0.84%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 218 (45.51%) Cucumber
2 156 (32.57%) Jenkins
3 147 (30.69%) JIRA
4 139 (29.02%) Git (software)
5 68 (14.20%) JUnit
6 67 (13.99%) SoapUI
7 66 (13.78%) JMeter
8 64 (13.36%) SpecFlow
9 62 (12.94%) WebDriver
10 45 (9.39%) Maven
10 45 (9.39%) Postman
11 38 (7.93%) Team Foundation Server
12 37 (7.72%) Cypress.io
13 26 (5.43%) GitLab
14 23 (4.80%) Bitbucket
14 23 (4.80%) eggPlant
14 23 (4.80%) Gatling
14 23 (4.80%) Visual Studio
15 22 (4.59%) Jasmine
15 22 (4.59%) Mockito
General
1 59 (12.32%) Public Sector
2 56 (11.69%) Finance
3 36 (7.52%) Banking
4 9 (1.88%) Investment Banking
5 7 (1.46%) Telecoms
6 6 (1.25%) Front Office
6 6 (1.25%) Legal
7 5 (1.04%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.84%) Law
9 3 (0.63%) Back Office
9 3 (0.63%) Marketing
9 3 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.42%) Electronics
10 2 (0.42%) General Ledger
10 2 (0.42%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.42%) Police
10 2 (0.42%) Publishing
11 1 (0.21%) Games
11 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.21%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 105 (21.92%) Developer
2 91 (19.00%) Tester
3 80 (16.70%) Test Engineer
4 47 (9.81%) Automation Tester
5 46 (9.60%) Analyst
6 45 (9.39%) Test Automation Engineer
7 39 (8.14%) Test Analyst
8 37 (7.72%) QA Engineer
9 32 (6.68%) .NET Developer
10 29 (6.05%) DevOps Engineer
10 29 (6.05%) Java Developer
11 27 (5.64%) Java Engineer
12 21 (4.38%) QA Tester
12 21 (4.38%) Software Engineer
13 19 (3.97%) Senior Tester
14 18 (3.76%) QA Automation Engineer
15 16 (3.34%) Architect
16 15 (3.13%) Development Engineer
17 14 (2.92%) Consultant
17 14 (2.92%) Senior Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (24.22%) REST
2 99 (20.67%) SOAP
3 71 (14.82%) .NET
4 62 (12.94%) HTML
5 60 (12.53%) Node.js
6 58 (12.11%) CSS
6 58 (12.11%) Spring
7 56 (11.69%) AngularJS
8 54 (11.27%) Web Services
9 51 (10.65%) JSON
10 49 (10.23%) XML
11 44 (9.19%) .NET Framework
12 42 (8.77%) Gherkin
13 37 (7.72%) ASP.NET
14 35 (7.31%) Jest
15 32 (6.68%) RESTful
16 31 (6.47%) HTML5
17 30 (6.26%) React
17 30 (6.26%) Spring Boot
18 24 (5.01%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 28 (5.85%) Mobile App
2 21 (4.38%) Analytical Skills
3 15 (3.13%) Public Cloud
3 15 (3.13%) User Experience
4 9 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
5 8 (1.67%) Management Information System
5 8 (1.67%) N-Tier
6 7 (1.46%) Data Structures
7 6 (1.25%) Derivative
7 6 (1.25%) Private Cloud
8 5 (1.04%) Mainframe
8 5 (1.04%) Virtual Team
9 4 (0.84%) Algorithms
9 4 (0.84%) NHS
10 3 (0.63%) Greenfield Project
10 3 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
11 1 (0.21%) Data Centre
11 1 (0.21%) Hybrid Cloud
11 1 (0.21%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 57 (11.90%) Windows
2 52 (10.86%) Linux
3 39 (8.14%) Unix
4 13 (2.71%) Android
5 9 (1.88%) Apple iOS
6 8 (1.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (1.46%) Mac OS X
8 6 (1.25%) CentOS
9 5 (1.04%) Debian
9 5 (1.04%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.21%) Solaris
10 1 (0.21%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 358 (74.74%) Test Automation
2 306 (63.88%) Agile Software Development
3 176 (36.74%) DevOps
4 156 (32.57%) BDD
5 127 (26.51%) Continuous Integration
6 126 (26.30%) TDD
7 125 (26.10%) Scrum
8 84 (17.54%) Microservices
9 65 (13.57%) Unit Testing
10 63 (13.15%) API Testing
11 60 (12.53%) Performance Testing
11 60 (12.53%) Regression Testing
12 58 (12.11%) Test Scripting
13 49 (10.23%) Continuous Delivery
14 48 (10.02%) Non-Functional Testing
15 45 (9.39%) Kanban
16 40 (8.35%) Acceptance Criteria
17 39 (8.14%) Functional Testing
17 39 (8.14%) Test Strategy
18 36 (7.52%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 265 (55.32%) Java
2 134 (27.97%) SQL
3 113 (23.59%) JavaScript
4 100 (20.88%) C#
5 67 (13.99%) Python
6 32 (6.68%) PowerShell
7 23 (4.80%) PL/SQL
8 22 (4.59%) Ruby
9 20 (4.18%) Perl
10 19 (3.97%) Java 8
10 19 (3.97%) Scala
11 17 (3.55%) ES6
12 16 (3.34%) PHP
13 15 (3.13%) C++
13 15 (3.13%) Shell Script
14 14 (2.92%) Bash Shell
14 14 (2.92%) Groovy
15 13 (2.71%) VB.NET
16 12 (2.51%) C
16 12 (2.51%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 123 (25.68%) Security Cleared
2 106 (22.13%) SC Cleared
3 60 (12.53%) ISTQB
4 44 (9.19%) ISEB
5 31 (6.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 10 (2.09%) Degree
7 9 (1.88%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (1.46%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 7 (1.46%) TOGAF Certification
10 5 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
11 4 (0.84%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.21%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (25.47%) QA
2 11 (2.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (1.88%) NIST
3 9 (1.88%) WCAG
4 2 (0.42%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.42%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.21%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.21%) SEPA
5 1 (0.21%) TARGET2
System Software
1 74 (15.45%) Docker
2 10 (2.09%) HDFS
3 4 (0.84%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.63%) RACF
5 1 (0.21%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 57 (11.90%) Kubernetes
2 32 (6.68%) Terraform
3 28 (5.85%) Ansible
4 23 (4.80%) HP ALM
5 20 (4.18%) Puppet
6 12 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (2.09%) HP Fortify
7 10 (2.09%) Nagios
7 10 (2.09%) Rancher
8 8 (1.67%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (1.46%) ZABBIX
10 6 (1.25%) Grafana
10 6 (1.25%) Kibana
11 5 (1.04%) Rundeck
11 5 (1.04%) Salt
12 2 (0.42%) Nessus
13 1 (0.21%) Consul
13 1 (0.21%) Packer
13 1 (0.21%) Sysdig
13 1 (0.21%) yum
Vendors
1 66 (13.78%) Microsoft
2 62 (12.94%) Oracle
3 24 (5.01%) HP
4 22 (4.59%) Splunk
5 17 (3.55%) SAP
6 15 (3.13%) AppDynamics
7 14 (2.92%) Sonatype
8 13 (2.71%) Blue Coat
8 13 (2.71%) F5
9 12 (2.51%) MuleSoft
10 11 (2.30%) Google
11 10 (2.09%) Micro Focus
12 9 (1.88%) Black Duck
12 9 (1.88%) Qualys
12 9 (1.88%) Red Hat
12 9 (1.88%) webMethods
13 6 (1.25%) ArcSight
13 6 (1.25%) Atlassian
14 5 (1.04%) Cloudera
14 5 (1.04%) Hortonworks