Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 138 86 115
Rank change year-on-year -52 +29 -7
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,157 2,528 2,080
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.90% 2.81% 2.23%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.02% 13.13% 11.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 786 1,649 1,415
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +5.59%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £300
90th Percentile £588 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £438 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 9 8
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -30.00% +3.63%
10th Percentile £34.63 £29.25 £46.25
90th Percentile £53.50 £39.00 £63.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -1.41% -29.00% -

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 10,496 19,258 17,453
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.21% 21.39% 18.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,998 13,272 12,280
England median daily rate £488 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.52% +4.21% +9.76%
10th Percentile £328 £335 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 253 219
England median hourly rate £42.13 £43.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.03% -4.44% +9.76%
10th Percentile £17.87 £27.40 £31.45
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £64.15
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -1.16% -4.44% +9.76%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -55 471 £495 +4.21% 109
South East -12 253 £450 +5.88% 126
North of England -43 164 £398 -0.63% 138
South West -7 133 £463 +8.82% 84
Midlands -48 78 £388 -4.91% 59
North West -52 59 £400 -5.88% 70
East of England +5 54 £395 +8.97% 24
North East -2 53 £400 +2.83% 14
Yorkshire +5 52 £375 +2.74% 54
West Midlands -46 46 £368 -11.45% 33
East Midlands +11 32 £411 +5.45% 26
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 829 (71.65%) Test Automation
2 679 (58.69%) Agile Software Development
3 506 (43.73%) Java
4 465 (40.19%) Cucumber
5 368 (31.81%) JavaScript
6 329 (28.44%) Jenkins
7 327 (28.26%) C#
8 274 (23.68%) SQL
9 271 (23.42%) Scrum
10 269 (23.25%) JIRA
11 252 (21.78%) BDD
12 239 (20.66%) DevOps
13 236 (20.40%) QA
14 213 (18.41%) Azure
15 212 (18.32%) Git (software)
16 211 (18.24%) Continuous Integration
16 211 (18.24%) WebDriver
17 199 (17.20%) TDD
18 190 (16.42%) .NET
19 189 (16.34%) AngularJS
20 172 (14.87%) HTML
21 167 (14.43%) Test Scripting
21 167 (14.43%) Security Cleared
22 159 (13.74%) Docker
23 154 (13.31%) Finance
24 150 (12.96%) CSS
25 149 (12.88%) Confluence
26 140 (12.10%) REST
27 139 (12.01%) Node.js
28 135 (11.67%) API Testing

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (12.88%) Confluence
2 69 (5.96%) Elasticsearch
3 34 (2.94%) Apache
4 31 (2.68%) Tomcat
5 25 (2.16%) WebLogic
6 20 (1.73%) nginx
7 15 (1.30%) Apache Spark
8 12 (1.04%) JBoss
9 10 (0.86%) IIS
9 10 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 10 (0.86%) SharePoint
10 8 (0.69%) ArcGIS
11 7 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
11 7 (0.61%) WebSphere
12 6 (0.52%) CMS
12 6 (0.52%) Drupal
13 5 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
14 4 (0.35%) GemFire
15 3 (0.26%) SAS
16 2 (0.17%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 16 (1.38%) Microsoft Excel
1 16 (1.38%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.086%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.69%) Oracle AML
3 5 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.43%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.35%) Maximo
4 4 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.26%) SAP FI-CA
5 3 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.26%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.17%) Magento
6 2 (0.17%) SAP CO
6 2 (0.17%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.17%) SAP FI
6 2 (0.17%) SAP FI/CO
6 2 (0.17%) Shopify
7 1 (0.086%) Endur
7 1 (0.086%) FastStats
7 1 (0.086%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 213 (18.41%) Azure
2 124 (10.72%) AWS
3 114 (9.85%) GitHub
4 32 (2.77%) GCP
5 26 (2.25%) Google Analytics
6 25 (2.16%) Serverless
7 20 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
7 20 (1.73%) BrowserStack
8 19 (1.64%) npm
9 18 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
9 18 (1.56%) BlazeMeter
9 18 (1.56%) Heroku
9 18 (1.56%) OpenShift
9 18 (1.56%) PaaS
10 17 (1.47%) Amazon S3
10 17 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
11 16 (1.38%) SaaS
12 14 (1.21%) Sauce Labs
13 10 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
13 10 (0.86%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 47 (4.06%) HTTP
2 30 (2.59%) SSL
3 29 (2.51%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.56%) IPv6
5 14 (1.21%) DNS
6 12 (1.04%) DSL
6 12 (1.04%) IPv4
6 12 (1.04%) Wi-Fi
7 11 (0.95%) Firewall
8 10 (0.86%) Internet
9 7 (0.61%) Ethernet
10 6 (0.52%) AMQP
10 6 (0.52%) SSH
10 6 (0.52%) VPN
11 5 (0.43%) Multicast
12 3 (0.26%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.26%) PPP
12 3 (0.26%) PuTTY
12 3 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
13 2 (0.17%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 119 (10.29%) SQL Server
2 75 (6.48%) MySQL
3 66 (5.70%) MongoDB
4 54 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
5 42 (3.63%) Relational Database
6 33 (2.85%) Big Data
6 33 (2.85%) Oracle Database
7 30 (2.59%) NoSQL
8 23 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 20 (1.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
11 17 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
12 14 (1.21%) BigQuery
12 14 (1.21%) BusinessObjects
12 14 (1.21%) Oracle Database 12c
13 11 (0.95%) Hadoop
13 11 (0.95%) Pentaho
14 10 (0.86%) MariaDB
14 10 (0.86%) Oracle Database 10g
15 9 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 465 (40.19%) Cucumber
2 329 (28.44%) Jenkins
3 269 (23.25%) JIRA
4 212 (18.32%) Git (software)
5 211 (18.24%) WebDriver
6 127 (10.98%) SpecFlow
7 115 (9.94%) JMeter
8 113 (9.77%) JUnit
9 104 (8.99%) SoapUI
10 87 (7.52%) Postman
11 82 (7.09%) Maven
12 75 (6.48%) Gatling
13 68 (5.88%) Protractor
14 57 (4.93%) Jasmine
15 48 (4.15%) Mocha
15 48 (4.15%) TeamCity
15 48 (4.15%) Visual Studio
16 46 (3.98%) NUnit
17 45 (3.89%) Team Foundation Server
18 43 (3.72%) Eclipse
General
1 154 (13.31%) Finance
2 86 (7.43%) Banking
3 68 (5.88%) Public Sector
4 44 (3.80%) Retail
5 18 (1.56%) Front Office
6 16 (1.38%) Back Office
7 15 (1.30%) Telecoms
8 13 (1.12%) Retail Banking
9 12 (1.04%) Manufacturing
10 8 (0.69%) Legal
11 7 (0.61%) Marketing
12 5 (0.43%) Games
13 3 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
13 3 (0.26%) Electronics
13 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.26%) Publishing
14 2 (0.17%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.17%) Law
15 1 (0.086%) Advertising
15 1 (0.086%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 345 (29.82%) Developer
2 224 (19.36%) Tester
3 186 (16.08%) Analyst
4 183 (15.82%) Automation Tester
5 164 (14.17%) Test Analyst
6 123 (10.63%) Test Engineer
7 84 (7.26%) Automation Test Analyst
8 83 (7.17%) Java Developer
9 72 (6.22%) Test Automation Engineer
10 65 (5.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 62 (5.36%) QA Engineer
12 51 (4.41%) Test Leader
13 47 (4.06%) Developer in Test
14 45 (3.89%) Angular Developer
14 45 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
15 40 (3.46%) Software Developer
16 38 (3.28%) JavaScript Developer
17 37 (3.20%) DevOps Engineer
18 35 (3.03%) .NET Developer
19 31 (2.68%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 190 (16.42%) .NET
2 189 (16.34%) AngularJS
3 172 (14.87%) HTML
4 150 (12.96%) CSS
5 140 (12.10%) REST
6 139 (12.01%) Node.js
7 134 (11.58%) XML
8 123 (10.63%) Web Services
9 121 (10.46%) JSON
10 110 (9.51%) SOAP
11 101 (8.73%) Gherkin
12 90 (7.78%) RESTful
13 89 (7.69%) HTML5
14 85 (7.35%) Spring
15 79 (6.83%) React
16 45 (3.89%) .NET Framework
17 44 (3.80%) Express
17 44 (3.80%) Hibernate
18 38 (3.28%) Sass
19 33 (2.85%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 44 (3.80%) Mobile App
2 42 (3.63%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
4 21 (1.82%) User Experience
5 19 (1.64%) Virtual Team
6 15 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
7 9 (0.78%) Cyberthreat
7 9 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
7 9 (0.78%) Mainframe
8 8 (0.69%) Management Information System
8 8 (0.69%) NHS
9 7 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (0.52%) Client/Server
10 6 (0.52%) iPad
10 6 (0.52%) Public Cloud
10 6 (0.52%) Robotics
11 5 (0.43%) Blog
12 3 (0.26%) EPoS
12 3 (0.26%) Fixed Income
12 3 (0.26%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 110 (9.51%) Linux
2 95 (8.21%) Windows
3 74 (6.40%) Unix
4 26 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (1.82%) Android
6 16 (1.38%) Apple iOS
7 11 (0.95%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.61%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.26%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.086%) CentOS
12 1 (0.086%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 829 (71.65%) Test Automation
2 679 (58.69%) Agile Software Development
3 271 (23.42%) Scrum
4 252 (21.78%) BDD
5 239 (20.66%) DevOps
6 211 (18.24%) Continuous Integration
7 199 (17.20%) TDD
8 167 (14.43%) Test Scripting
9 135 (11.67%) API Testing
10 133 (11.50%) Microservices
11 109 (9.42%) Open Source
12 105 (9.08%) Kanban
13 99 (8.56%) Performance Testing
14 89 (7.69%) Manual Testing
15 84 (7.26%) SDET
15 84 (7.26%) Test Strategy
16 82 (7.09%) Problem-Solving
17 79 (6.83%) SDLC
18 78 (6.74%) Continuous Delivery
19 77 (6.66%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 506 (43.73%) Java
2 368 (31.81%) JavaScript
3 327 (28.26%) C#
4 274 (23.68%) SQL
5 113 (9.77%) Python
6 72 (6.22%) Scala
7 55 (4.75%) Java 8
8 53 (4.58%) TypeScript
9 46 (3.98%) Ruby
10 39 (3.37%) PL/SQL
11 35 (3.03%) Groovy
12 32 (2.77%) PowerShell
13 30 (2.59%) T-SQL
14 21 (1.82%) C
14 21 (1.82%) PHP
15 19 (1.64%) Perl
15 19 (1.64%) Shell Script
16 15 (1.30%) Bash Shell
17 9 (0.78%) C++
18 7 (0.61%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 167 (14.43%) Security Cleared
2 119 (10.29%) ISTQB
3 110 (9.51%) SC Cleared
4 98 (8.47%) ISEB
5 56 (4.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 30 (2.59%) Degree
7 27 (2.33%) DV Cleared
8 14 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.43%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.43%) BC Cleared
11 4 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
11 4 (0.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.26%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.17%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
13 2 (0.17%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.086%) CISA
14 1 (0.086%) GIAC
14 1 (0.086%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 236 (20.40%) QA
2 25 (2.16%) WCAG
3 16 (1.38%) MiFID
4 6 (0.52%) GDPR
5 3 (0.26%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.17%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.086%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.086%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.086%) NIST
7 1 (0.086%) PMO
7 1 (0.086%) PSD2
7 1 (0.086%) SEPA
7 1 (0.086%) SLA
System Software
1 159 (13.74%) Docker
2 13 (1.12%) vSphere
3 12 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.61%) HDFS
5 5 (0.43%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.35%) RACF
7 2 (0.17%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 91 (7.87%) Kubernetes
2 70 (6.05%) Ansible
2 70 (6.05%) Terraform
3 36 (3.11%) Kibana
4 28 (2.42%) Puppet
5 27 (2.33%) Grafana
6 17 (1.47%) HP ALM
6 17 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.61%) Consul
8 5 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
8 5 (0.43%) Nagios
8 5 (0.43%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 5 (0.43%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 3 (0.26%) Istio
9 3 (0.26%) logstash
9 3 (0.26%) Packer
9 3 (0.26%) Rundeck
9 3 (0.26%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.17%) Mesos
10 2 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 135 (11.67%) Oracle
2 132 (11.41%) Microsoft
3 60 (5.19%) Google
4 32 (2.77%) Atlassian
5 26 (2.25%) VMware
6 25 (2.16%) SAP
7 24 (2.07%) HP
8 23 (1.99%) Red Hat
9 16 (1.38%) webMethods
10 14 (1.21%) hybris
10 14 (1.21%) Splunk
11 13 (1.12%) New Relic
12 12 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.86%) ServiceNow
14 8 (0.69%) ESRI
14 8 (0.69%) ForgeRock
14 8 (0.69%) NetIQ
15 7 (0.61%) IBM
16 6 (0.52%) Adobe
16 6 (0.52%) AppDynamics