Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 352 344 284
Rank change year-on-year -8 -60 -24
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 696 646 967
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.70% 0.71% 0.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.81% 0.84% 1.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 449 368 600
UK median daily rate £400 £370 £348
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +6.47% +5.30%
10th Percentile £270 £230 £238
90th Percentile £563 £563 £488
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +5.71% +7.69% +3.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 40 30
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £47.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.53% +23.38% +10.00%
10th Percentile £14.24 £19.11 £14.82
90th Percentile £49.57 £52.63 £62.73
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £46.69 £38.50
% change year-on-year -8.96% +21.26% +10.00%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,519 77,176 89,550
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.66% 84.78% 84.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,362 50,523 58,954
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,338 2,076 2,266
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.00% - +17.37%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.48 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% -7.41% +25.29%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -44 551 £400 +6.67% 299
UK excluding London -14 451 £370 +5.71% 265
London -7 237 £450 +5.88% 58
Scotland +23 124 £288 -8.00% 14
South East -14 108 £345 -1.43% 63
North of England -20 85 £400 +14.29% 69
Yorkshire +8 52 £400 +14.29% 29
South West -28 42 £375 -11.76% 32
Midlands -31 40 £400 +14.29% 39
East of England -1 36 £475 +46.15% 38
West Midlands -7 33 £400 +15.94% 26
North East +9 18 £400 +8.11% 5
Wales -7 17 £363 +11.54% 10
North West -37 17 £400 +18.52% 35
East Midlands -37 6 £388 +6.90% 13

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 354 (50.86%) Test Automation
2 316 (45.40%) Agile Software Development
3 194 (27.87%) ISTQB
4 187 (26.87%) Test Scripting
5 186 (26.72%) Java
6 174 (25.00%) SQL
7 165 (23.71%) Finance
8 163 (23.42%) QA
9 157 (22.56%) Selenium
10 141 (20.26%) Scrum
11 124 (17.82%) BDD
12 116 (16.67%) ISEB
13 115 (16.52%) Microsoft
14 111 (15.95%) Windows
15 106 (15.23%) JIRA
16 100 (14.37%) Cucumber
17 98 (14.08%) User Acceptance Testing
17 98 (14.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 98 (14.08%) Analytical Skills
18 96 (13.79%) Linux
19 92 (13.22%) C#
20 91 (13.07%) SDLC
20 91 (13.07%) Test Strategy
21 90 (12.93%) HP
22 88 (12.64%) TDD
22 88 (12.64%) Security Cleared
23 87 (12.50%) Regression Testing
24 79 (11.35%) JavaScript
25 77 (11.06%) Web Services
25 77 (11.06%) Continuous Integration

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (5.32%) Confluence
2 14 (2.01%) Apache
3 13 (1.87%) Cloud Foundry
3 13 (1.87%) CMS
4 12 (1.72%) SharePoint
5 10 (1.44%) GemFire
5 10 (1.44%) SAS
6 9 (1.29%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (1.15%) JBoss
8 5 (0.72%) Skype for Business
8 5 (0.72%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.57%) SharePoint 2010
10 3 (0.43%) Apache Spark
10 3 (0.43%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.43%) WebSphere
11 2 (0.29%) IBM Domino
11 2 (0.29%) IBM Notes
11 2 (0.29%) MQSeries
11 2 (0.29%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.29%) WordPress
Applications
1 41 (5.89%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (3.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (2.44%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.72%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.43%) Windchill
7 1 (0.14%) Mingle
7 1 (0.14%) Simulink
7 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.01%) SAP S/4HANA
2 5 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.57%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.43%) Magento
4 3 (0.43%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.29%) Elite 3E
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.29%) Sage 50
5 2 (0.29%) SAP HR
6 1 (0.14%) FLEXCUBE
6 1 (0.14%) Maximo
6 1 (0.14%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.14%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.14%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 45 (6.47%) Microsoft Azure
2 40 (5.75%) Office 365
3 33 (4.74%) Amazon AWS
4 15 (2.16%) GitHub
5 13 (1.87%) PaaS
6 9 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
6 9 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (1.29%) Serverless
7 8 (1.15%) Sauce Labs
8 5 (0.72%) Dynamics 365
8 5 (0.72%) IaaS
9 4 (0.57%) OneDrive
10 3 (0.43%) BrowserStack
10 3 (0.43%) Google Cloud Platform
10 3 (0.43%) Slack
10 3 (0.43%) SuccessFactors
11 2 (0.29%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.29%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (0.29%) BlazeMeter
11 2 (0.29%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 41 (5.89%) DNS
2 34 (4.89%) DHCP
3 30 (4.31%) HTTP
4 25 (3.59%) SMS
5 17 (2.44%) FTP
6 16 (2.30%) Internet
7 9 (1.29%) TCP/IP
8 6 (0.86%) Wireless
9 5 (0.72%) Skype
10 4 (0.57%) SSL
11 3 (0.43%) 2G
11 3 (0.43%) 3G
11 3 (0.43%) 4G
11 3 (0.43%) Firewall
11 3 (0.43%) GSM
11 3 (0.43%) SCCP
11 3 (0.43%) SSH
11 3 (0.43%) tcpdump
11 3 (0.43%) UMTS
11 3 (0.43%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (5.32%) SQL Server
2 23 (3.30%) Relational Database
3 13 (1.87%) HBase
4 11 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 11 (1.58%) Siebel EIM
5 10 (1.44%) Apache Hive
5 10 (1.44%) Big Data
6 9 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
7 8 (1.15%) BusinessObjects
7 8 (1.15%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (1.01%) Geospatial Data
8 7 (1.01%) Oracle Database
9 6 (0.86%) SAS Visual Analytics
10 5 (0.72%) GIS
10 5 (0.72%) Hadoop
10 5 (0.72%) Impala
10 5 (0.72%) NoSQL
10 5 (0.72%) Pentaho
11 4 (0.57%) MySQL
12 3 (0.43%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 157 (22.56%) Selenium
2 106 (15.23%) JIRA
3 100 (14.37%) Cucumber
4 59 (8.48%) Jenkins
5 56 (8.05%) Git (software)
6 51 (7.33%) WebDriver
7 47 (6.75%) HP UFT
8 46 (6.61%) SoapUI
9 45 (6.47%) JMeter
10 38 (5.46%) WinRunner
11 35 (5.03%) SpecFlow
12 34 (4.89%) JUnit
13 24 (3.45%) Team Foundation Server
14 17 (2.44%) LoadRunner
14 17 (2.44%) Maven
14 17 (2.44%) Visual Studio
15 15 (2.16%) IntelliJ
16 14 (2.01%) Appium
16 14 (2.01%) Eclipse
17 13 (1.87%) Burp Suite
General
1 165 (23.71%) Finance
2 43 (6.18%) Banking
3 20 (2.87%) Financial Institution
4 17 (2.44%) Retail
5 11 (1.58%) Advertising
6 9 (1.29%) Legal
6 9 (1.29%) Marketing
7 8 (1.15%) Telecoms
8 7 (1.01%) Games
8 7 (1.01%) Investment Banking
9 6 (0.86%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.72%) Back Office
11 4 (0.57%) Automotive
11 4 (0.57%) Electronics
11 4 (0.57%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.57%) Military
11 4 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.43%) Law
13 2 (0.29%) French Language
13 2 (0.29%) German Language
Job Titles
1 166 (23.85%) Analyst
2 129 (18.53%) Test Analyst
3 111 (15.95%) Tester
4 82 (11.78%) Developer
5 73 (10.49%) Test Engineer
6 59 (8.48%) Test Leader
7 45 (6.47%) Java Engineer
8 44 (6.32%) Test Automation Engineer
8 44 (6.32%) Test Manager
9 31 (4.45%) Automation Tester
10 29 (4.17%) Automation Engineer
11 23 (3.30%) Software Tester
12 21 (3.02%) Java Developer
12 21 (3.02%) QA Engineer
13 19 (2.73%) Automation Test Analyst
14 18 (2.59%) Web Engineer
15 16 (2.30%) QA Tester
16 15 (2.16%) SC Cleared Test Analyst
16 15 (2.16%) Software Test Engineer
17 14 (2.01%) Agile Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (11.06%) Web Services
2 52 (7.47%) XML
3 50 (7.18%) .NET
4 39 (5.60%) HTML
4 39 (5.60%) SOAP
5 38 (5.46%) Gherkin
5 38 (5.46%) RESTful
6 27 (3.88%) CSS
7 24 (3.45%) REST
8 21 (3.02%) Middleware
8 21 (3.02%) Spring
9 20 (2.87%) JSON
10 18 (2.59%) RabbitMQ
11 16 (2.30%) Kafka
12 14 (2.01%) AngularJS
12 14 (2.01%) Java EE
13 13 (1.87%) .NET Framework
13 13 (1.87%) MFC
14 11 (1.58%) Hibernate
14 11 (1.58%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 98 (14.08%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (6.03%) PDA
3 40 (5.75%) Self-Motivation
4 38 (5.46%) Clustering
5 27 (3.88%) Mobile App
6 19 (2.73%) User Experience
7 16 (2.30%) Computer Science
7 16 (2.30%) Virtual Team
8 15 (2.16%) Management Information System
9 13 (1.87%) Client/Server
9 13 (1.87%) Hedge funds
10 11 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
11 9 (1.29%) Greenfield Project
12 7 (1.01%) Data Structures
12 7 (1.01%) Fintech
12 7 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 7 (1.01%) SWIFT
13 6 (0.86%) PKI
14 5 (0.72%) Private Cloud
14 5 (0.72%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 111 (15.95%) Windows
2 96 (13.79%) Linux
3 71 (10.20%) Unix
4 48 (6.90%) Windows Server 2008
5 47 (6.75%) Windows 7
6 46 (6.61%) Windows Server 2003
7 40 (5.75%) AIX
8 23 (3.30%) Android
8 23 (3.30%) Windows Server
9 22 (3.16%) Apple iOS
10 15 (2.16%) Windows 10
11 13 (1.87%) Windows XP
12 5 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 4 (0.57%) Mac OS X
13 4 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.29%) HPUX
14 2 (0.29%) Kali Linux
14 2 (0.29%) Solaris
15 1 (0.14%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 354 (50.86%) Test Automation
2 316 (45.40%) Agile Software Development
3 187 (26.87%) Test Scripting
4 141 (20.26%) Scrum
5 124 (17.82%) BDD
6 98 (14.08%) User Acceptance Testing
7 91 (13.07%) SDLC
7 91 (13.07%) Test Strategy
8 88 (12.64%) TDD
9 87 (12.50%) Regression Testing
10 77 (11.06%) Continuous Integration
11 75 (10.78%) Problem-Solving
12 73 (10.49%) Functional Testing
13 67 (9.63%) Scenario Testing
14 62 (8.91%) Defect Management
15 60 (8.62%) Waterfall
16 58 (8.33%) Change Management
17 54 (7.76%) User Stories
18 52 (7.47%) Non-Functional Testing
19 51 (7.33%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 186 (26.72%) Java
2 174 (25.00%) SQL
3 92 (13.22%) C#
4 79 (11.35%) JavaScript
5 66 (9.48%) Python
6 29 (4.17%) C
7 25 (3.59%) Ruby
8 17 (2.44%) C++
9 15 (2.16%) PHP
9 15 (2.16%) Shell Script
10 14 (2.01%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
11 12 (1.72%) Perl
12 6 (0.86%) T-SQL
12 6 (0.86%) VBScript
13 5 (0.72%) Apple Swift
13 5 (0.72%) Groovy
13 5 (0.72%) Kotlin
13 5 (0.72%) PL/SQL
14 4 (0.57%) ES6
14 4 (0.57%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 194 (27.87%) ISTQB
2 116 (16.67%) ISEB
3 98 (14.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 88 (12.64%) Security Cleared
5 70 (10.06%) SC Cleared
6 68 (9.77%) Degree
7 12 (1.72%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.72%) Siebel Certification
8 11 (1.58%) Microsoft Certification
9 10 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
10 9 (1.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 8 (1.15%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (1.15%) MCITP
11 8 (1.15%) MCSA
11 8 (1.15%) MCSE
11 8 (1.15%) MCTS
12 7 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
13 6 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.86%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.72%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (23.42%) QA
2 8 (1.15%) IFRS
3 7 (1.01%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.86%) IFRS 9
5 4 (0.57%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 4 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.57%) GDPR
5 4 (0.57%) GMP
5 4 (0.57%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.57%) WCAG
6 3 (0.43%) PMO
7 2 (0.29%) HL7
7 2 (0.29%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.29%) ISO 8583
7 2 (0.29%) MISRA
7 2 (0.29%) MISRA C
7 2 (0.29%) SLA
8 1 (0.14%) DICOM
8 1 (0.14%) EMIR
8 1 (0.14%) MiFID
System Software
1 66 (9.48%) Active Directory
2 41 (5.89%) Hyper-V
2 41 (5.89%) VMware ESXi
3 38 (5.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (4.45%) Virtual Desktop
5 13 (1.87%) HDFS
6 12 (1.72%) Docker
7 10 (1.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.29%) XenApp
8 2 (0.29%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.14%) Firmware
9 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 63 (9.05%) HP ALM
2 40 (5.75%) HP Quality Center
3 37 (5.32%) McAfee ePO
4 15 (2.16%) BladeLogic
5 14 (2.01%) Puppet
6 9 (1.29%) Ansible
7 8 (1.15%) Kibana
7 8 (1.15%) logstash
8 7 (1.01%) Netcool
8 7 (1.01%) SCCM
9 5 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.57%) Terraform
11 3 (0.43%) Nessus
11 3 (0.43%) Packer
11 3 (0.43%) SCOM
12 2 (0.29%) Graphite
12 2 (0.29%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.29%) Icinga
13 1 (0.14%) Kubernetes
13 1 (0.14%) Perfmon
Vendors
1 115 (16.52%) Microsoft
2 90 (12.93%) HP
3 60 (8.62%) Oracle
4 48 (6.90%) VMware
5 41 (5.89%) Citrix
6 38 (5.46%) McAfee
6 38 (5.46%) Veritas
7 33 (4.74%) Ivanti
8 27 (3.88%) Atlassian
9 14 (2.01%) Siebel
10 10 (1.44%) IBM
11 9 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
11 9 (1.29%) SAP
12 5 (0.72%) Capita
12 5 (0.72%) EMC
13 4 (0.57%) Cisco
13 4 (0.57%) Guidewire
13 4 (0.57%) MuleSoft
13 4 (0.57%) Splunk
14 3 (0.43%) NetApp