Period
to 14 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 14 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
14 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 403 348 372
Rank change year-on-year -55 +24 -41
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 525 767 638
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.75% 0.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.68% 0.86% 0.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 321 483 355
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £300 £271 £225
90th Percentile £588 £565 £527
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £361 £348
% change year-on-year +11.42% +3.96% +6.92%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 24 34
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £46.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% -7.03% +32.14%
10th Percentile £32.63 £20.36 £36.28
90th Percentile £48.75 £50.88 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £46.25
% change year-on-year - -8.11% +27.59%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,847 89,303 84,693
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.58% 86.84% 86.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 50,371 58,821 55,665
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £277
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,290 2,454 2,107
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.50 £24.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.07% -16.28% +6.46%
10th Percentile £11.80 £11.17 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.75 £20.00 £24.75
% change year-on-year +18.75% -19.19% +5.32%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 14 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 474 £438 +9.38% 233
UK excluding London -26 371 £403 +11.42% 239
London -42 148 £455 +1.11% 25
South East +1 95 £450 +20.00% 45
South West +7 85 £400 - 29
North of England +12 83 £425 +13.33% 68
Yorkshire +5 47 £450 +16.13% 31
East of England +12 35 £450 +20.00% 23
Scotland -35 31 £325 +12.07% 21
Midlands +18 26 £338 -15.63% 43
North West +12 24 £425 +21.43% 33
Wales +13 15 £388 +5.08% 8
West Midlands +19 14 £350 -12.50% 25
North East +28 12 £320 -17.42% 4
East Midlands +27 12 £325 -7.14% 18
Northern Ireland - 1 £500 - 2

For the 6 months to 14 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 294 (56.00%) Agile Software Development
2 286 (54.48%) Test Automation
3 149 (28.38%) SQL
4 135 (25.71%) QA
5 131 (24.95%) ISTQB
6 124 (23.62%) C#
7 122 (23.24%) Java
8 119 (22.67%) Test Strategy
9 114 (21.71%) Selenium
10 106 (20.19%) Test Scripting
11 102 (19.43%) Scrum
12 101 (19.24%) JIRA
13 94 (17.90%) Finance
14 92 (17.52%) Microsoft
15 85 (16.19%) ISEB
16 81 (15.43%) JavaScript
16 81 (15.43%) User Acceptance Testing
17 71 (13.52%) Windows
17 71 (13.52%) Security Cleared
18 69 (13.14%) .NET
19 68 (12.95%) Cucumber
20 67 (12.76%) Test Management
21 66 (12.57%) TDD
22 65 (12.38%) Oracle
23 64 (12.19%) Manual Testing
23 64 (12.19%) SDLC
24 63 (12.00%) Software Engineering
25 62 (11.81%) Continuous Integration
25 62 (11.81%) BDD
25 62 (11.81%) Problem-Solving

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (7.05%) SharePoint
2 21 (4.00%) Confluence
3 16 (3.05%) JBoss
4 4 (0.76%) Apache
5 3 (0.57%) Apache Spark
5 3 (0.57%) GeoServer
5 3 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
5 3 (0.57%) SugarCRM
6 2 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
6 2 (0.38%) CMS
6 2 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.38%) Jetty
6 2 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.38%) SharePoint 2010
6 2 (0.38%) Tomcat
6 2 (0.38%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.19%) ArcGIS
7 1 (0.19%) IIS
7 1 (0.19%) Liferay
7 1 (0.19%) Umbraco
Applications
1 29 (5.52%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (2.67%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.57%) Zeplin
5 2 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.19%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.19%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 12 (2.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.52%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.76%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 3 (0.57%) LatentZero
4 3 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.57%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.57%) thinkFolio
5 2 (0.38%) Endur
5 2 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.38%) Primavera
6 1 (0.19%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle 11i
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.19%) PeopleSoft Financials
6 1 (0.19%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 52 (9.90%) Azure
2 31 (5.90%) AWS
3 17 (3.24%) GitHub
4 11 (2.10%) Office 365
5 6 (1.14%) Amazon S3
6 5 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
7 4 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 4 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
7 4 (0.76%) Power Platform
8 3 (0.57%) PowerApps
8 3 (0.57%) Sauce Labs
9 2 (0.38%) Amazon ELB
9 2 (0.38%) Amazon EMR
9 2 (0.38%) AWS CloudTrail
9 2 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.38%) GCP
9 2 (0.38%) npm
9 2 (0.38%) SaaS
9 2 (0.38%) ShareGate
9 2 (0.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.90%) Internet
2 5 (0.95%) ISDN
2 5 (0.95%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.76%) NaaS
3 4 (0.76%) SSH
3 4 (0.76%) Wireless
4 3 (0.57%) ATM
5 2 (0.38%) Firewall
5 2 (0.38%) FTP
5 2 (0.38%) LTE
6 1 (0.19%) BGP
6 1 (0.19%) DNS
6 1 (0.19%) DVB
6 1 (0.19%) HTTP
6 1 (0.19%) MPLS
6 1 (0.19%) NGN
6 1 (0.19%) SNMP
6 1 (0.19%) TDMA
6 1 (0.19%) VPN
6 1 (0.19%) VSAT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (8.76%) SQL Server
2 28 (5.33%) Relational Database
3 22 (4.19%) MongoDB
4 18 (3.43%) Hadoop
5 16 (3.05%) Data Warehouse
6 14 (2.67%) NoSQL
7 13 (2.48%) Big Data
7 13 (2.48%) MySQL
8 11 (2.10%) GIS
9 10 (1.90%) Oracle Reports
10 9 (1.71%) RDBMS
10 9 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 4 (0.76%) OLAP
12 3 (0.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.57%) Impala
12 3 (0.57%) Oracle Database
12 3 (0.57%) Oracle Database 12c
12 3 (0.57%) Pentaho
12 3 (0.57%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 2 (0.38%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 114 (21.71%) Selenium
2 101 (19.24%) JIRA
3 68 (12.95%) Cucumber
4 50 (9.52%) Git (software)
5 48 (9.14%) Jenkins
6 41 (7.81%) Visual Studio
7 39 (7.43%) SpecFlow
8 33 (6.29%) WebDriver
9 32 (6.10%) Team Foundation Server
10 31 (5.90%) SoapUI
11 25 (4.76%) HP UFT
12 24 (4.57%) JMeter
13 19 (3.62%) Visual Studio Coded UI
14 13 (2.48%) NUnit
14 13 (2.48%) TeamCity
15 12 (2.29%) Zephyr
16 11 (2.10%) Bitbucket
16 11 (2.10%) LoadRunner
17 10 (1.90%) Appium
17 10 (1.90%) Maven
General
1 94 (17.90%) Finance
2 41 (7.81%) Public Sector
3 35 (6.67%) Banking
4 20 (3.81%) Telecoms
5 16 (3.05%) Games
6 15 (2.86%) Retail
7 8 (1.52%) Retail Banking
8 7 (1.33%) Law
8 7 (1.33%) Manufacturing
8 7 (1.33%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (1.14%) Financial Institution
9 6 (1.14%) Marketing
10 4 (0.76%) Legal
11 3 (0.57%) Aerospace
11 3 (0.57%) Avionics
11 3 (0.57%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.57%) Military
12 2 (0.38%) Advertising
12 2 (0.38%) French Language
12 2 (0.38%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 99 (18.86%) Analyst
2 97 (18.48%) Developer
3 81 (15.43%) Test Analyst
4 78 (14.86%) Tester
5 73 (13.90%) Test Manager
6 67 (12.76%) Test Engineer
7 34 (6.48%) Software Engineer
8 27 (5.14%) Software Developer
8 27 (5.14%) Test Leader
9 26 (4.95%) Automation Tester
10 21 (4.00%) Java Engineer
10 21 (4.00%) QA Engineer
11 20 (3.81%) Software Test Engineer
12 18 (3.43%) Java Developer
12 18 (3.43%) Java Software Engineer
12 18 (3.43%) Test Automation Engineer
13 16 (3.05%) Automation Test Analyst
13 16 (3.05%) Developer in Test
14 14 (2.67%) Software Tester
15 13 (2.48%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (13.14%) .NET
2 49 (9.33%) HTML
3 46 (8.76%) Web Services
4 45 (8.57%) AngularJS
4 45 (8.57%) CSS
5 39 (7.43%) XML
6 38 (7.24%) Spring
7 34 (6.48%) SOAP
8 29 (5.52%) RESTful
9 28 (5.33%) jQuery
9 28 (5.33%) REST
10 26 (4.95%) Gherkin
11 22 (4.19%) Node.js
12 20 (3.81%) JSON
13 19 (3.62%) HTML5
13 19 (3.62%) React
13 19 (3.62%) WPF
14 16 (3.05%) EJB
14 16 (3.05%) Hibernate
15 15 (2.86%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 40 (7.62%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
3 14 (2.67%) Management Information System
4 13 (2.48%) Mobile App
5 12 (2.29%) User Experience
6 9 (1.71%) Clustering
6 9 (1.71%) Virtual Team
7 8 (1.52%) Robotics
8 7 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
9 6 (1.14%) Client/Server
10 5 (0.95%) Cyber Defence
10 5 (0.95%) Data Structures
10 5 (0.95%) Embedded Systems
10 5 (0.95%) Life Science
10 5 (0.95%) NHS
10 5 (0.95%) Reference Data
11 4 (0.76%) FMCG
11 4 (0.76%) Raspberry Pi
12 3 (0.57%) EPoS
12 3 (0.57%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 71 (13.52%) Windows
2 45 (8.57%) Linux
3 40 (7.62%) Unix
4 19 (3.62%) Windows 10
5 15 (2.86%) Windows Server
6 14 (2.67%) Android
6 14 (2.67%) Apple iOS
7 10 (1.90%) Windows 7
8 9 (1.71%) AIX
8 9 (1.71%) Windows Server 2012
8 9 (1.71%) Windows XP
9 8 (1.52%) Windows Server 2003
9 8 (1.52%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.19%) CentOS
10 1 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.19%) Solaris
10 1 (0.19%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 294 (56.00%) Agile Software Development
2 286 (54.48%) Test Automation
3 119 (22.67%) Test Strategy
4 106 (20.19%) Test Scripting
5 102 (19.43%) Scrum
6 81 (15.43%) User Acceptance Testing
7 67 (12.76%) Test Management
8 66 (12.57%) TDD
9 64 (12.19%) Manual Testing
9 64 (12.19%) SDLC
10 63 (12.00%) Software Engineering
11 62 (11.81%) BDD
11 62 (11.81%) Continuous Integration
11 62 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
12 61 (11.62%) DevOps
12 61 (11.62%) Performance Testing
13 59 (11.24%) Regression Testing
14 48 (9.14%) Acceptance Criteria
15 47 (8.95%) Integration Testing
16 46 (8.76%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 149 (28.38%) SQL
2 124 (23.62%) C#
3 122 (23.24%) Java
4 81 (15.43%) JavaScript
5 56 (10.67%) Python
6 45 (8.57%) C++
7 34 (6.48%) C
8 22 (4.19%) Ruby
9 21 (4.00%) Java 8
10 16 (3.05%) PHP
10 16 (3.05%) PowerShell
11 12 (2.29%) ES6
12 11 (2.10%) PL/SQL
12 11 (2.10%) TypeScript
13 9 (1.71%) T-SQL
14 7 (1.33%) Apex Code
14 7 (1.33%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.33%) SOQL
14 7 (1.33%) SOSL
14 7 (1.33%) VB
Qualifications
1 131 (24.95%) ISTQB
2 85 (16.19%) ISEB
3 71 (13.52%) Security Cleared
4 57 (10.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 55 (10.48%) SC Cleared
6 54 (10.29%) Degree
7 20 (3.81%) DV Cleared
8 16 (3.05%) Microsoft Certification
9 10 (1.90%) MCSA
9 10 (1.90%) MCSE
10 9 (1.71%) MCITP
10 9 (1.71%) MCTS
11 8 (1.52%) Numerate Degree
12 7 (1.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.95%) CCNA
13 5 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.95%) HNC
13 5 (0.95%) ISEB Practitioner
14 4 (0.76%) OCP
14 4 (0.76%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (25.71%) QA
2 8 (1.52%) PMO
3 3 (0.57%) DO-178B
4 2 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.38%) Dublin Core
4 2 (0.38%) GDPR
4 2 (0.38%) HL7
4 2 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.19%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.19%) IEC 62304
5 1 (0.19%) IFRS
5 1 (0.19%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.19%) PSD2
5 1 (0.19%) SLA
5 1 (0.19%) WCAG
System Software
1 31 (5.90%) Docker
2 9 (1.71%) Active Directory
2 9 (1.71%) Hyper-V
2 9 (1.71%) VMware ESXi
3 8 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.57%) Firmware
5 2 (0.38%) HDFS
5 2 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 1 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.19%) zsh
Systems Management
1 34 (6.48%) HP Quality Center
2 15 (2.86%) Ansible
2 15 (2.86%) HP ALM
3 12 (2.29%) Netcool
3 12 (2.29%) SCCM
4 9 (1.71%) McAfee ePO
5 4 (0.76%) Kubernetes
6 2 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
6 2 (0.38%) Kibana
6 2 (0.38%) logstash
6 2 (0.38%) Terraform
7 1 (0.19%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.19%) Nagios
7 1 (0.19%) Nessus
7 1 (0.19%) PTC Integrity
Vendors
1 92 (17.52%) Microsoft
2 65 (12.38%) Oracle
3 28 (5.33%) HP
4 20 (3.81%) SAP
5 18 (3.43%) Atlassian
6 10 (1.90%) OpenText
6 10 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
6 10 (1.90%) VMware
7 9 (1.71%) Citrix
7 9 (1.71%) McAfee
7 9 (1.71%) Telerik
7 9 (1.71%) Veritas
8 7 (1.33%) Kofax
9 6 (1.14%) EMC
10 5 (0.95%) IBM
11 4 (0.76%) Google
11 4 (0.76%) Informatica
11 4 (0.76%) MuleSoft
11 4 (0.76%) Sybase
11 4 (0.76%) TIBCO