Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 380 348 336
Rank change year-on-year -32 -12 -102
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 658 679 673
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.66% 0.68% 0.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.76% 0.79% 0.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 369 405 401
UK median daily rate £400 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £263 £250 £205
90th Percentile £595 £550 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 21 29
UK median hourly rate £39.50 £40.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.47% +1.25% +35.59%
10th Percentile £19.86 £12.71 £14.73
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £51.34
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.70% +8.00% +27.12%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,680 86,349 81,857
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.99% 85.86% 85.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,254 57,715 54,090
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,200 2,055 2,375
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% - -2.13%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.06
90th Percentile £50.00 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% -10.00%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 591 £406 +1.56% 350
UK excluding London +8 444 £375 +7.14% 303
London -23 206 £468 +10.00% 77
South East +30 131 £425 +17.24% 75
North of England +17 89 £375 +10.29% 86
Midlands +13 60 £340 -13.65% 46
South West -35 54 £400 +6.67% 38
East of England 0 50 £375 +7.14% 28
North West 0 45 £379 +28.39% 35
Scotland -42 38 £325 +2.77% 19
East Midlands +14 33 £286 -26.13% 22
Yorkshire -6 32 £360 -15.54% 42
West Midlands -20 26 £342 -14.50% 24
Wales -4 22 £444 +36.54% 6
North East +9 12 £325 -7.14% 9

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 351 (53.34%) Test Automation
2 335 (50.91%) Agile Software Development
3 182 (27.66%) ISTQB
4 161 (24.47%) SQL
5 156 (23.71%) Test Scripting
6 152 (23.10%) QA
7 147 (22.34%) Java
8 146 (22.19%) Test Strategy
9 144 (21.88%) Scrum
10 138 (20.97%) Selenium
11 135 (20.52%) JIRA
12 118 (17.93%) Regression Testing
13 100 (15.20%) User Acceptance Testing
14 98 (14.89%) Finance
15 97 (14.74%) Degree
16 93 (14.13%) Functional Testing
17 89 (13.53%) SDLC
18 88 (13.37%) Analytical Skills
18 88 (13.37%) Non-Functional Testing
18 88 (13.37%) ISEB
19 87 (13.22%) Microsoft
20 85 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
21 84 (12.77%) Problem-Solving
22 82 (12.46%) BDD
23 80 (12.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
24 79 (12.01%) Security Cleared
25 78 (11.85%) Oracle
26 77 (11.70%) DevOps
27 76 (11.55%) Test Management
28 75 (11.40%) TDD

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (6.99%) Confluence
2 16 (2.43%) SharePoint
3 11 (1.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 11 (1.67%) CMS
4 9 (1.37%) Apache
4 9 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.22%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.22%) JBoss
6 5 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
6 5 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 5 (0.76%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.61%) Documentum
7 4 (0.61%) SAS
7 4 (0.61%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.46%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.30%) Drupal
9 2 (0.30%) GemFire
9 2 (0.30%) GlassFish
9 2 (0.30%) IIS
Applications
1 20 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (2.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.91%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.91%) Simulink
4 5 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.46%) InVision
6 3 (0.46%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (1.06%) Oracle EBS
2 6 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.61%) Oracle Payroll
4 3 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.46%) SAP CO
4 3 (0.46%) SAP FI
4 3 (0.46%) SAP FI/CO
4 3 (0.46%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.30%) ResourceLink
5 2 (0.30%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.30%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.30%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.15%) Magento
6 1 (0.15%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle HRMS
6 1 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.15%) SAP MRS
6 1 (0.15%) SAP PM
6 1 (0.15%) TrackWise
Cloud Services
1 43 (6.53%) Amazon AWS
2 38 (5.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (2.28%) Office 365
4 14 (2.13%) Sauce Labs
5 12 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
6 8 (1.22%) Amazon S3
7 6 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
7 6 (0.91%) GitHub
8 5 (0.76%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (0.76%) PaaS
8 5 (0.76%) Serverless
9 4 (0.61%) IaaS
9 4 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 3 (0.46%) BrowserStack
10 3 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
11 2 (0.30%) Apigee
11 2 (0.30%) Google Cloud Platform
11 2 (0.30%) SaaS
12 1 (0.15%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 28 (4.26%) Internet
2 14 (2.13%) Wireless
3 13 (1.98%) DNS
4 12 (1.82%) DHCP
5 10 (1.52%) HTTP
6 4 (0.61%) DWDM
6 4 (0.61%) Extranet
6 4 (0.61%) Intranet
6 4 (0.61%) MPLS
6 4 (0.61%) SNMP
6 4 (0.61%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
7 3 (0.46%) Bluetooth
7 3 (0.46%) FTP
7 3 (0.46%) LAN
7 3 (0.46%) LTE
7 3 (0.46%) WLAN
8 2 (0.30%) AMQP
8 2 (0.30%) Firewall
8 2 (0.30%) ISDN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (5.32%) SQL Server
2 24 (3.65%) Relational Database
3 18 (2.74%) Big Data
4 16 (2.43%) Oracle Reports
5 15 (2.28%) MySQL
5 15 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (1.82%) Hadoop
6 12 (1.82%) Pentaho
7 10 (1.52%) Data Warehouse
7 10 (1.52%) Impala
8 8 (1.22%) Apache Hive
8 8 (1.22%) NoSQL
9 7 (1.06%) BusinessObjects
10 6 (0.91%) Amazon Aurora
10 6 (0.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 6 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
11 5 (0.76%) MongoDB
12 4 (0.61%) Oracle Database
13 3 (0.46%) HBase
13 3 (0.46%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 138 (20.97%) Selenium
2 135 (20.52%) JIRA
3 74 (11.25%) Cucumber
4 66 (10.03%) SoapUI
5 63 (9.57%) Jenkins
6 55 (8.36%) WebDriver
7 45 (6.84%) Git (software)
7 45 (6.84%) JMeter
8 38 (5.78%) Team Foundation Server
9 31 (4.71%) Visual Studio Team System
10 27 (4.10%) LoadRunner
11 23 (3.50%) JUnit
12 17 (2.58%) Bitbucket
12 17 (2.58%) MSBuild
12 17 (2.58%) Visual Studio
13 16 (2.43%) HP UFT
14 15 (2.28%) Maven
14 15 (2.28%) Rational DOORS
15 13 (1.98%) Appium
15 13 (1.98%) Zephyr
General
1 98 (14.89%) Finance
2 44 (6.69%) Banking
3 18 (2.74%) Retail
3 18 (2.74%) Telecoms
4 15 (2.28%) Advertising
5 13 (1.98%) Manufacturing
6 11 (1.67%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.67%) Marketing
7 10 (1.52%) Pharmaceutical
8 9 (1.37%) Back Office
8 9 (1.37%) Billing
9 8 (1.22%) Legal
10 7 (1.06%) Publishing
11 6 (0.91%) Law
12 5 (0.76%) Automotive
13 4 (0.61%) International Banking
13 4 (0.61%) Military
14 3 (0.46%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.46%) Front Office
15 2 (0.30%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 172 (26.14%) Analyst
2 148 (22.49%) Test Analyst
3 119 (18.09%) Tester
4 79 (12.01%) Developer
5 72 (10.94%) Test Engineer
6 56 (8.51%) Test Manager
7 36 (5.47%) Automation Tester
8 33 (5.02%) Test Leader
9 27 (4.10%) QA Engineer
10 25 (3.80%) Software Engineer
11 23 (3.50%) Test Automation Engineer
12 22 (3.34%) QA Tester
13 21 (3.19%) Software Analyst
14 20 (3.04%) Agile Tester
14 20 (3.04%) Software Tester
15 19 (2.89%) Java Developer
16 18 (2.74%) QA Analyst
17 17 (2.58%) Architect
18 15 (2.28%) Java Engineer
19 14 (2.13%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (10.49%) Web Services
2 52 (7.90%) XML
3 43 (6.53%) .NET
4 42 (6.38%) HTML
5 36 (5.47%) SOAP
6 30 (4.56%) REST
7 27 (4.10%) RESTful
8 21 (3.19%) J2EE
9 19 (2.89%) CSS
10 17 (2.58%) Middleware
10 17 (2.58%) Node.js
11 14 (2.13%) Spring
12 13 (1.98%) AngularJS
12 13 (1.98%) Gherkin
13 12 (1.82%) HTML5
13 12 (1.82%) Java EE
14 11 (1.67%) JAXB
14 11 (1.67%) JSON
15 10 (1.52%) Dropwizard
16 9 (1.37%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 88 (13.37%) Analytical Skills
2 31 (4.71%) Self-Motivation
3 25 (3.80%) Client/Server
4 16 (2.43%) Mobile App
5 15 (2.28%) User Experience
6 14 (2.13%) Management Information System
7 13 (1.98%) Virtual Team
8 10 (1.52%) Cloud Native
8 10 (1.52%) Data Structures
9 9 (1.37%) Clustering
9 9 (1.37%) Data Centre
9 9 (1.37%) PDA
9 9 (1.37%) Public Cloud
10 8 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (1.06%) Algorithms
11 7 (1.06%) Blog
11 7 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
11 7 (1.06%) NHS
12 6 (0.91%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (0.91%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 68 (10.33%) Windows
2 61 (9.27%) Linux
3 43 (6.53%) Unix
4 18 (2.74%) Windows 7
5 13 (1.98%) Windows 10
6 11 (1.67%) Windows Server
6 11 (1.67%) Windows Server 2008
7 9 (1.37%) AIX
7 9 (1.37%) Windows Server 2003
7 9 (1.37%) Windows XP
8 8 (1.22%) Windows 8
9 6 (0.91%) Android
9 6 (0.91%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.30%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.30%) Nucleus RTOS
10 2 (0.30%) SafeRTOS
10 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 351 (53.34%) Test Automation
2 335 (50.91%) Agile Software Development
3 156 (23.71%) Test Scripting
4 146 (22.19%) Test Strategy
5 144 (21.88%) Scrum
6 118 (17.93%) Regression Testing
7 100 (15.20%) User Acceptance Testing
8 93 (14.13%) Functional Testing
9 89 (13.53%) SDLC
10 88 (13.37%) Non-Functional Testing
11 85 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
12 84 (12.77%) Problem-Solving
13 82 (12.46%) BDD
14 77 (11.70%) DevOps
15 76 (11.55%) Test Management
16 75 (11.40%) TDD
17 63 (9.57%) Performance Testing
18 61 (9.27%) Software Engineering
19 60 (9.12%) Manual Testing
20 56 (8.51%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 161 (24.47%) SQL
2 147 (22.34%) Java
3 73 (11.09%) C#
4 65 (9.88%) Python
5 53 (8.05%) JavaScript
6 38 (5.78%) C
7 33 (5.02%) C++
8 13 (1.98%) PHP
8 13 (1.98%) TypeScript
9 12 (1.82%) Ruby
9 12 (1.82%) T-SQL
10 11 (1.67%) VB
11 10 (1.52%) VBScript
12 9 (1.37%) Embedded C
13 7 (1.06%) Groovy
13 7 (1.06%) Java 8
13 7 (1.06%) Shell Script
14 6 (0.91%) Bash Shell
14 6 (0.91%) ES6
14 6 (0.91%) Perl
Qualifications
1 182 (27.66%) ISTQB
2 97 (14.74%) Degree
3 88 (13.37%) ISEB
4 80 (12.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 79 (12.01%) Security Cleared
6 65 (9.88%) SC Cleared
7 24 (3.65%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 16 (2.43%) HNC
8 16 (2.43%) HND
9 14 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
10 11 (1.67%) DV Cleared
11 8 (1.22%) ISEB Practitioner
12 7 (1.06%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 5 (0.76%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
14 4 (0.61%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
16 2 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
16 2 (0.30%) Six Sigma Black Belt
16 2 (0.30%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 152 (23.10%) QA
2 11 (1.67%) Data Quality
2 11 (1.67%) PSD2
3 10 (1.52%) SLA
4 8 (1.22%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 6 (0.91%) GMP
6 5 (0.76%) PMO
7 4 (0.61%) GDPR
8 3 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.46%) GAMP
8 3 (0.46%) GxP
9 2 (0.30%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.15%) HL7
10 1 (0.15%) IFRS
10 1 (0.15%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.15%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 24 (3.65%) Docker
2 21 (3.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (2.74%) Virtual Desktop
4 16 (2.43%) Active Directory
5 9 (1.37%) Hyper-V
5 9 (1.37%) Microsoft App-V
5 9 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (1.37%) XenApp
6 2 (0.30%) HDFS
7 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.15%) IAG
Systems Management
1 31 (4.71%) HP Quality Center
2 26 (3.95%) HP ALM
3 13 (1.98%) SCCM
4 11 (1.67%) Netcool
5 10 (1.52%) Ansible
6 9 (1.37%) Kibana
6 9 (1.37%) logstash
6 9 (1.37%) McAfee ePO
7 8 (1.22%) Puppet
8 4 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.61%) Oozie
9 3 (0.46%) Kubernetes
10 1 (0.15%) Grafana
10 1 (0.15%) Nagios
10 1 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.15%) Packer
10 1 (0.15%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.15%) Rancher
10 1 (0.15%) ServiceCenter
10 1 (0.15%) Terraform
Vendors
1 87 (13.22%) Microsoft
2 78 (11.85%) Oracle
3 40 (6.08%) HP
4 27 (4.10%) VMware
5 23 (3.50%) Citrix
6 18 (2.74%) Ivanti
7 14 (2.13%) SAP
7 14 (2.13%) SolarWinds
8 11 (1.67%) Adobe
8 11 (1.67%) Atlassian
8 11 (1.67%) Remedy
9 10 (1.52%) McAfee
9 10 (1.52%) Xerox
10 9 (1.37%) Pega
10 9 (1.37%) Veritas
11 8 (1.22%) OpenText
12 7 (1.06%) Hortonworks
13 5 (0.76%) Charles River
13 5 (0.76%) Informatica
13 5 (0.76%) Red Hat