Period
to 26 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 26 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
26 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 372 361 323
Rank change year-on-year -11 -38 -69
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 658 677 687
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.68% 0.67% 0.74%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.78% 0.78% 0.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 383 425 404
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £370
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.11% +8.82%
10th Percentile £275 £261 £200
90th Percentile £625 £575 £614
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £334
% change year-on-year - +12.36% +2.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 13 35
UK median hourly rate £38.50 £39.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.28% -8.24% +13.33%
10th Percentile £19.25 £14.24 £12.24
90th Percentile £49.00 £47.23 £52.18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.00 £39.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% +6.67%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,003 87,279 78,684
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.98% 86.19% 85.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,605 57,804 51,844
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £288 £265
90th Percentile £650 £638 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,120 2,187 2,194
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £24.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £11.55 £11.42 £11.44
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.25 £50.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £24.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -8.16% -2.00% -

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 26 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 26 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 26 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 594 £405 +1.25% 106
UK excluding London +23 432 £375 - 89
London -23 218 £451 +6.12% 26
South East +29 116 £413 +12.24% 20
North of England +24 91 £358 -10.63% 26
Midlands +40 74 £361 -7.67% 7
East of England +27 49 £300 -36.84% 13
South West -21 46 £360 -4.00% 14
East Midlands +46 45 £360 -7.10% 1
North West +14 43 £385 -14.44% 11
Yorkshire +9 31 £350 -20.23% 12
Scotland -57 31 £350 +9.38% 7
West Midlands -8 28 £363 -8.23% 6
Wales 0 24 £425 +15.65% 2
North East -7 17 £325 -18.75% 3
Northern Ireland +15 1 £325 -

For the 6 months to 26 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 330 (50.15%) Agile Software Development
2 319 (48.48%) Test Automation
3 198 (30.09%) ISTQB
4 189 (28.72%) SQL
5 165 (25.08%) QA
6 159 (24.16%) Test Scripting
7 156 (23.71%) Scrum
8 147 (22.34%) Selenium
9 143 (21.73%) Java
10 139 (21.12%) Test Strategy
11 123 (18.69%) JIRA
12 122 (18.54%) User Acceptance Testing
13 114 (17.33%) Regression Testing
14 109 (16.57%) Finance
15 104 (15.81%) Degree
16 99 (15.05%) Microsoft
17 96 (14.59%) ISEB
17 96 (14.59%) Oracle
18 92 (13.98%) Non-Functional Testing
18 92 (13.98%) Analytical Skills
18 92 (13.98%) SDLC
19 91 (13.83%) BDD
20 90 (13.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 90 (13.68%) Problem-Solving
21 86 (13.07%) TDD
22 84 (12.77%) Windows
22 84 (12.77%) Functional Testing
23 81 (12.31%) Cucumber
24 80 (12.16%) C#
25 79 (12.01%) Test Management

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (7.60%) Confluence
2 23 (3.50%) SharePoint
3 10 (1.52%) CMS
4 9 (1.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 7 (1.06%) Apache Spark
5 7 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (0.91%) JBoss
7 5 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (0.61%) Documentum
8 4 (0.61%) SAS
8 4 (0.61%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.46%) Apache
9 3 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.30%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.30%) GemFire
10 2 (0.30%) Jetty
10 2 (0.30%) SharePoint 2010
10 2 (0.30%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 30 (4.56%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (2.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.91%) Simulink
5 4 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.46%) InVision
7 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.15%) Stata
Business Applications
1 9 (1.37%) Oracle Financials
2 8 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (1.06%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.46%) Oracle Payroll
5 2 (0.30%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.30%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.30%) SAP IS-U
5 2 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.15%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.15%) Maximo
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle HRMS
6 1 (0.15%) SAP MRS
6 1 (0.15%) SAP PM
6 1 (0.15%) TrackWise
6 1 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 47 (7.14%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (5.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
3 11 (1.67%) Google Cloud Platform
3 11 (1.67%) Sauce Labs
4 8 (1.22%) Office 365
5 7 (1.06%) GitHub
5 7 (1.06%) Serverless
6 5 (0.76%) Azure Functions
6 5 (0.76%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
6 5 (0.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 4 (0.61%) Amazon S3
7 4 (0.61%) PaaS
7 4 (0.61%) SaaS
8 3 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
9 2 (0.30%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1 (0.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 1 (0.15%) Apigee
10 1 (0.15%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 36 (5.47%) Internet
2 23 (3.50%) Wireless
3 10 (1.52%) HTTP
3 10 (1.52%) LTE
4 4 (0.61%) DWDM
4 4 (0.61%) Extranet
4 4 (0.61%) MPLS
4 4 (0.61%) SNMP
4 4 (0.61%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.46%) Intranet
6 2 (0.30%) DHCP
6 2 (0.30%) FTP
6 2 (0.30%) ISDN
7 1 (0.15%) AMQP
7 1 (0.15%) DNS
7 1 (0.15%) Firewall
7 1 (0.15%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.15%) SSH
7 1 (0.15%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (6.53%) SQL Server
2 27 (4.10%) Big Data
3 25 (3.80%) Relational Database
4 24 (3.65%) Oracle Reports
5 21 (3.19%) Pentaho
6 15 (2.28%) BusinessObjects
6 15 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
6 15 (2.28%) Impala
7 13 (1.98%) GIS
7 13 (1.98%) Hadoop
7 13 (1.98%) MySQL
8 8 (1.22%) MongoDB
9 7 (1.06%) Oracle Database
10 5 (0.76%) Apache Hive
10 5 (0.76%) Azure SQL Database
10 5 (0.76%) Cosmos DB
10 5 (0.76%) NoSQL
10 5 (0.76%) RDBMS
11 4 (0.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 4 (0.61%) HBase
Development Applications
1 147 (22.34%) Selenium
2 123 (18.69%) JIRA
3 81 (12.31%) Cucumber
4 69 (10.49%) SoapUI
5 65 (9.88%) Jenkins
6 56 (8.51%) Git (software)
6 56 (8.51%) WebDriver
7 48 (7.29%) JMeter
8 43 (6.53%) LoadRunner
8 43 (6.53%) Team Foundation Server
9 40 (6.08%) Visual Studio
10 27 (4.10%) Bugzilla
10 27 (4.10%) SpecFlow
11 26 (3.95%) Bitbucket
11 26 (3.95%) Rational DOORS
12 23 (3.50%) Rational Quality Manager
13 17 (2.58%) Visual Studio Team System
14 14 (2.13%) Maven
14 14 (2.13%) TeamCity
15 12 (1.82%) NetBeans
General
1 109 (16.57%) Finance
2 59 (8.97%) Banking
3 18 (2.74%) Telecoms
4 16 (2.43%) Billing
5 11 (1.67%) Marketing
5 11 (1.67%) Retail
6 10 (1.52%) Investment Banking
7 9 (1.37%) Advertising
7 9 (1.37%) Games
8 7 (1.06%) Back Office
8 7 (1.06%) Manufacturing
9 5 (0.76%) International Banking
9 5 (0.76%) Law
9 5 (0.76%) Publishing
10 4 (0.61%) Aerospace
10 4 (0.61%) Automotive
10 4 (0.61%) Avionics
11 3 (0.46%) Front Office
11 3 (0.46%) Legal
11 3 (0.46%) Military
Job Titles
1 197 (29.94%) Analyst
2 164 (24.92%) Test Analyst
3 116 (17.63%) Tester
4 84 (12.77%) Developer
5 69 (10.49%) Test Engineer
6 50 (7.60%) Test Manager
7 37 (5.62%) Software Engineer
8 34 (5.17%) Automation Tester
9 32 (4.86%) Test Leader
10 27 (4.10%) Java Engineer
10 27 (4.10%) QA Tester
11 24 (3.65%) QA Engineer
11 24 (3.65%) Software Tester
12 22 (3.34%) Software Analyst
13 20 (3.04%) Senior Java Engineer
13 20 (3.04%) Software Test Engineer
14 18 (2.74%) QA Analyst
14 18 (2.74%) Test Automation Engineer
15 17 (2.58%) Java Developer
16 16 (2.43%) Banking Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (10.64%) Web Services
2 59 (8.97%) SOAP
3 50 (7.60%) .NET
4 47 (7.14%) RESTful
5 46 (6.99%) XML
6 39 (5.93%) HTML
7 38 (5.78%) REST
8 30 (4.56%) CSS
9 24 (3.65%) Gherkin
10 21 (3.19%) AngularJS
11 20 (3.04%) Spring
12 19 (2.89%) Middleware
13 16 (2.43%) WPF
14 15 (2.28%) Node.js
15 14 (2.13%) J2EE
16 13 (1.98%) RabbitMQ
17 12 (1.82%) Swing
18 11 (1.67%) HTML5
18 11 (1.67%) OCX
18 11 (1.67%) React
Miscellaneous
1 92 (13.98%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (6.53%) Self-Motivation
3 33 (5.02%) Client/Server
4 22 (3.34%) User Experience
5 20 (3.04%) Data Structures
6 15 (2.28%) Virtual Team
7 14 (2.13%) Cloud Native
7 14 (2.13%) Management Information System
8 12 (1.82%) Robotics
9 10 (1.52%) Fintech
10 9 (1.37%) Algorithms
10 9 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (1.37%) NHS
11 7 (1.06%) Data Centre
11 7 (1.06%) Embedded Systems
12 6 (0.91%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (0.91%) Mobile App
13 5 (0.76%) Fixed Income
13 5 (0.76%) Hybrid Cloud
13 5 (0.76%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 84 (12.77%) Windows
2 65 (9.88%) Linux
3 47 (7.14%) Unix
4 17 (2.58%) Windows 10
5 13 (1.98%) Windows 7
6 12 (1.82%) Windows Server
7 11 (1.67%) Windows 8
7 11 (1.67%) Windows XP
8 5 (0.76%) Android
8 5 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.61%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.61%) Embedded Linux
9 4 (0.61%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.30%) AIX
10 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.15%) CentOS
11 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 330 (50.15%) Agile Software Development
2 319 (48.48%) Test Automation
3 159 (24.16%) Test Scripting
4 156 (23.71%) Scrum
5 139 (21.12%) Test Strategy
6 122 (18.54%) User Acceptance Testing
7 114 (17.33%) Regression Testing
8 92 (13.98%) Non-Functional Testing
8 92 (13.98%) SDLC
9 91 (13.83%) BDD
10 90 (13.68%) Problem-Solving
11 86 (13.07%) TDD
12 84 (12.77%) Functional Testing
13 79 (12.01%) Test Management
14 70 (10.64%) Performance Testing
15 69 (10.49%) Manual Testing
16 64 (9.73%) DevOps
16 64 (9.73%) Integration Testing
16 64 (9.73%) Software Engineering
17 62 (9.42%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 189 (28.72%) SQL
2 143 (21.73%) Java
3 80 (12.16%) C#
4 68 (10.33%) JavaScript
5 47 (7.14%) C++
6 44 (6.69%) Python
7 31 (4.71%) C
8 14 (2.13%) VB
9 13 (1.98%) Java 8
9 13 (1.98%) PowerShell
9 13 (1.98%) T-SQL
10 11 (1.67%) VBScript
11 10 (1.52%) Ruby
12 9 (1.37%) PL/SQL
12 9 (1.37%) Shell Script
13 7 (1.06%) Embedded C
14 6 (0.91%) Bash Shell
15 5 (0.76%) ES6
15 5 (0.76%) Scala
16 4 (0.61%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 198 (30.09%) ISTQB
2 104 (15.81%) Degree
3 96 (14.59%) ISEB
4 90 (13.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 77 (11.70%) Security Cleared
6 64 (9.73%) SC Cleared
7 35 (5.32%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 27 (4.10%) HNC
8 27 (4.10%) HND
9 14 (2.13%) Numerate Degree
10 13 (1.98%) DV Cleared
11 11 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
12 10 (1.52%) ACCA
13 7 (1.06%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 6 (0.91%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.76%) AWS Certification
15 5 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
16 4 (0.61%) DBS Check
16 4 (0.61%) ISEB Practitioner
16 4 (0.61%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 165 (25.08%) QA
2 23 (3.50%) PSD2
3 18 (2.74%) Data Quality
4 12 (1.82%) SLA
5 3 (0.46%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.46%) HL7
5 3 (0.46%) PMO
6 2 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.15%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.15%) GAMP
7 1 (0.15%) GDPR
7 1 (0.15%) GMP
7 1 (0.15%) GxP
7 1 (0.15%) IFRS
7 1 (0.15%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 28 (4.26%) Docker
2 13 (1.98%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (1.82%) Virtual Desktop
4 11 (1.67%) Microsoft App-V
4 11 (1.67%) XenApp
5 8 (1.22%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.46%) Firmware
6 3 (0.46%) HDFS
7 2 (0.30%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.15%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.15%) zsh
Systems Management
1 23 (3.50%) HP Quality Center
1 23 (3.50%) Netcool
2 15 (2.28%) HP ALM
3 13 (1.98%) SCCM
4 9 (1.37%) Ansible
5 7 (1.06%) Kibana
5 7 (1.06%) logstash
6 5 (0.76%) Puppet
7 3 (0.46%) Kubernetes
8 2 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.30%) Terraform
9 1 (0.15%) McAfee ePO
9 1 (0.15%) nmon
9 1 (0.15%) Oozie
9 1 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.15%) Perfmon
9 1 (0.15%) PTC Integrity
9 1 (0.15%) Rancher
9 1 (0.15%) ServiceCenter
9 1 (0.15%) WSUS
Vendors
1 99 (15.05%) Microsoft
2 96 (14.59%) Oracle
3 31 (4.71%) HP
4 24 (3.65%) SolarWinds
5 23 (3.50%) Remedy
6 19 (2.89%) OpenText
6 19 (2.89%) VMware
7 18 (2.74%) Citrix
8 13 (1.98%) Informatica
9 12 (1.82%) Atlassian
9 12 (1.82%) Ivanti
10 11 (1.67%) Xerox
11 10 (1.52%) Google
12 9 (1.37%) Adobe
12 9 (1.37%) IBM
12 9 (1.37%) Pega
12 9 (1.37%) SAP
13 6 (0.91%) Hortonworks
13 6 (0.91%) MuleSoft
14 5 (0.76%) Red Hat