Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 165 193 184
Rank change year-on-year +28 -9 -23
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 1,379 418 1,285
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 1.35% 1.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.86% 1.55% 1.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 897 257 790
10th Percentile £317 £306 £300
25th Percentile £400 £363 £360
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
75th Percentile £540 £513 £500
90th Percentile £625 £623 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £446 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 18 55
10th Percentile £36.95 £28.80 £16.52
25th Percentile £44.25 £41.50 £36.38
Median hourly rate £47.50 £45.96 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +3.36% +8.13% +2.14%
75th Percentile £58.75 £51.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £65.54 £55.75 £56.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.13 £45.96 £43.00
% change year-on-year +4.74% +6.87% +3.61%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,091 26,895 74,316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.08% 87.10% 87.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,472 18,208 49,739
10th Percentile £320 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £378 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £458 £445 £438
% change year-on-year +3.01% +1.71% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,675 767 2,162
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.75 £11.50
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.50 £14.75
Median hourly rate £24.80 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.80% +11.11% +15.38%
75th Percentile £49.75 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.53 £22.50 £22.00
% change year-on-year -8.76% +2.27% +15.61%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Testing.

Daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Testing.

Hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +53 1,195 £475 +5.56% 643
UK excluding London +41 679 £446 +5.00% 548
London -6 516 £500 +5.26% 156
Work from Home -30 345 £475 +13.43% 138
South East +7 181 £425 +6.25% 117
South West +33 114 £475 +26.67% 81
Midlands +9 114 £425 +25.00% 95
North of England -16 114 £450 +12.50% 122
East of England +13 97 £375 -13.84% 69
West Midlands +5 91 £431 +20.63% 63
Yorkshire +1 69 £450 +9.09% 46
North West -35 44 £463 +15.63% 62
Scotland -65 44 £450 +2.27% 31
East Midlands -17 23 £425 +45.30% 32
Wales -14 13 £325 -22.16% 17
North East -10 4 £725 +93.33% 14
Northern Ireland -7 3 £500 +16.01% 16
Isle of Man - 2 £463 -

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 747 (54.17%) Agile Software Development
2 631 (45.76%) Test Automation
3 366 (26.54%) Java
3 366 (26.54%) Social Skills
4 349 (25.31%) DevOps
5 330 (23.93%) Software Engineering
6 293 (21.25%) SQL
7 291 (21.10%) JIRA
8 278 (20.16%) Selenium
9 242 (17.55%) Security Cleared
10 234 (16.97%) Finance
11 233 (16.90%) Scrum
12 228 (16.53%) Azure
13 205 (14.87%) Jenkins
14 202 (14.65%) QA
15 200 (14.50%) SC Cleared
16 199 (14.43%) C#
17 193 (14.00%) AWS
18 189 (13.71%) Test Scripting
19 187 (13.56%) Python
20 181 (13.13%) SDET
21 176 (12.76%) Problem-Solving
22 175 (12.69%) Git (software)
23 171 (12.40%) JavaScript
24 168 (12.18%) Cucumber
25 167 (12.11%) Continuous Integration
26 165 (11.97%) TDD
27 151 (10.95%) Microservices
28 150 (10.88%) BDD
29 148 (10.73%) ISTQB

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (8.19%) Confluence
2 33 (2.39%) SAS
3 24 (1.74%) Tomcat
4 21 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
5 20 (1.45%) WebLogic
6 14 (1.02%) CICS
7 10 (0.73%) Apache Spark
7 10 (0.73%) GemFire
8 8 (0.58%) CMS
8 8 (0.58%) SharePoint
9 6 (0.44%) JBoss
10 5 (0.36%) Apache
10 5 (0.36%) OpenStack
10 5 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.29%) IBM Domino
11 4 (0.29%) MS Exchange
11 4 (0.29%) nginx
11 4 (0.29%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.22%) NetWeaver
12 3 (0.22%) Umbraco
Applications
1 32 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (2.03%) Simulink
3 16 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.36%) FrameMaker
6 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.073%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.073%) Mingle
7 1 (0.073%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (1.02%) Oracle EBS
2 8 (0.58%) Oracle EBS R12
3 6 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
3 6 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
4 5 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.36%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.29%) Endur
5 4 (0.29%) Magento
5 4 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.22%) SAP FSCM
7 2 (0.15%) Infor M3
7 2 (0.15%) iTrent
7 2 (0.15%) Maximo
8 1 (0.073%) LabWindows
8 1 (0.073%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.073%) Sage CRM
8 1 (0.073%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 228 (16.53%) Azure
2 193 (14.00%) AWS
3 63 (4.57%) GCP
4 59 (4.28%) GitHub
5 50 (3.63%) SaaS
6 45 (3.26%) Power Platform
7 37 (2.68%) Serverless
8 27 (1.96%) BrowserStack
9 24 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
10 21 (1.52%) Amazon S3
11 16 (1.16%) AWS Lambda
12 13 (0.94%) Datadog
12 13 (0.94%) NuGet
13 10 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
14 9 (0.65%) OpenShift
15 8 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
15 8 (0.58%) Collibra
15 8 (0.58%) PaaS
16 7 (0.51%) Azure Functions
16 7 (0.51%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 33 (2.39%) HTTP
2 27 (1.96%) Wi-Fi
3 20 (1.45%) Bluetooth
4 16 (1.16%) LAN
5 14 (1.02%) Firewall
6 12 (0.87%) Internet
7 11 (0.80%) ATM
8 10 (0.73%) Modbus
9 9 (0.65%) 3G
9 9 (0.65%) 4G
9 9 (0.65%) Broadband
10 8 (0.58%) 5G
10 8 (0.58%) TCP/IP
11 7 (0.51%) Wireless
12 6 (0.44%) 2G
12 6 (0.44%) VoIP
12 6 (0.44%) WAN
13 5 (0.36%) DNS
13 5 (0.36%) IPv6
13 5 (0.36%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (5.44%) Relational Database
2 60 (4.35%) NoSQL
3 50 (3.63%) SQL Server
4 43 (3.12%) Power BI
5 37 (2.68%) Big Data
6 34 (2.47%) Oracle Database
7 32 (2.32%) Data Warehouse
7 32 (2.32%) PostgreSQL
8 31 (2.25%) Hadoop
8 31 (2.25%) Qlik Sense
8 31 (2.25%) QlikView
9 30 (2.18%) RDBMS
10 22 (1.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 21 (1.52%) MongoDB
12 19 (1.38%) DB2
13 18 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
13 18 (1.31%) Apache Hive
14 17 (1.23%) Redis
15 16 (1.16%) Oracle Reports
16 15 (1.09%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 291 (21.10%) JIRA
2 278 (20.16%) Selenium
3 205 (14.87%) Jenkins
4 175 (12.69%) Git (software)
5 168 (12.18%) Cucumber
6 106 (7.69%) JMeter
7 98 (7.11%) SpecFlow
8 93 (6.74%) Postman
9 88 (6.38%) Maven
10 72 (5.22%) WebDriver
11 60 (4.35%) SoapUI
12 58 (4.21%) JUnit
13 49 (3.55%) REST Assured
14 47 (3.41%) GitLab
15 35 (2.54%) Appium
16 34 (2.47%) Cypress.io
16 34 (2.47%) Sonatype Nexus
17 32 (2.32%) Gradle
18 29 (2.10%) Bitbucket
19 28 (2.03%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 366 (26.54%) Social Skills
2 234 (16.97%) Finance
3 137 (9.93%) Analytical Skills
4 93 (6.74%) Public Sector
5 52 (3.77%) Banking
6 29 (2.10%) Marketing
7 28 (2.03%) Telecoms
8 27 (1.96%) Retail
9 23 (1.67%) Presentation Skills
10 20 (1.45%) Documentation Skills
11 18 (1.31%) Electronics
12 17 (1.23%) Influencing Skills
13 16 (1.16%) Law
14 15 (1.09%) Local Government
15 13 (0.94%) Automotive
15 13 (0.94%) Organisational Skills
16 9 (0.65%) Back Office
16 9 (0.65%) Front Office
16 9 (0.65%) Manufacturing
16 9 (0.65%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 294 (21.32%) Developer
2 213 (15.45%) Analyst
3 188 (13.63%) Test Engineer
4 132 (9.57%) Tester
5 131 (9.50%) Software Engineer
6 123 (8.92%) Test Analyst
7 97 (7.03%) Developer in Test
7 97 (7.03%) Software Developer
8 85 (6.16%) Java Developer
9 76 (5.51%) Business Analyst
10 69 (5.00%) Software Test Engineer
11 56 (4.06%) Test Automation Engineer
12 54 (3.92%) Software Tester
13 49 (3.55%) Test Manager
14 46 (3.34%) Automation Tester
15 40 (2.90%) DevOps Engineer
16 37 (2.68%) Insurance Business Analyst
17 36 (2.61%) Test Leader
18 35 (2.54%) Business Intelligence Analyst
18 35 (2.54%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 111 (8.05%) .NET
2 107 (7.76%) REST
2 107 (7.76%) Spring
3 95 (6.89%) Web Services
4 93 (6.74%) React
5 90 (6.53%) RESTful
6 75 (5.44%) AngularJS
7 68 (4.93%) HTML
8 65 (4.71%) CSS
8 65 (4.71%) Node.js
9 63 (4.57%) Kafka
10 60 (4.35%) XML
11 53 (3.84%) Spring Boot
12 52 (3.77%) JSON
13 43 (3.12%) SOAP
14 35 (2.54%) .NET Framework
15 34 (2.47%) Gherkin
16 30 (2.18%) HTML5
17 23 (1.67%) WireMock
18 21 (1.52%) Akka
Miscellaneous
1 65 (4.71%) Self-Motivation
2 53 (3.84%) User Experience
3 36 (2.61%) Data Protection Act
4 35 (2.54%) Mobile App
5 33 (2.39%) Data Structures
6 23 (1.67%) Mainframe
7 22 (1.60%) Management Information System
8 21 (1.52%) Embedded Systems
9 18 (1.31%) NHS
10 16 (1.16%) Algorithms
10 16 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
11 15 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
12 13 (0.94%) Client/Server
12 13 (0.94%) Public Cloud
13 12 (0.87%) Derivative
13 12 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
13 12 (0.87%) N-Tier
14 11 (0.80%) Legacy Systems
15 9 (0.65%) Credit Risk
15 9 (0.65%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 120 (8.70%) Windows
2 117 (8.48%) Linux
3 71 (5.15%) Unix
4 45 (3.26%) Android
5 25 (1.81%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.02%) zOS
7 11 (0.80%) Windows 10
8 9 (0.65%) Embedded Linux
8 9 (0.65%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.44%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.36%) AIX
10 5 (0.36%) Solaris
10 5 (0.36%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.29%) CentOS
11 4 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.22%) OpenWrt
12 3 (0.22%) Windows 2000 Server
13 2 (0.15%) Windows 8
13 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 747 (54.17%) Agile Software Development
2 631 (45.76%) Test Automation
3 349 (25.31%) DevOps
4 330 (23.93%) Software Engineering
5 233 (16.90%) Scrum
6 189 (13.71%) Test Scripting
7 181 (13.13%) SDET
8 176 (12.76%) Problem-Solving
9 167 (12.11%) Continuous Integration
10 165 (11.97%) TDD
11 151 (10.95%) Microservices
12 150 (10.88%) BDD
13 128 (9.28%) User Acceptance Testing
14 125 (9.06%) Test Strategy
15 122 (8.85%) Stakeholder Management
16 116 (8.41%) SDLC
17 114 (8.27%) Integration Testing
18 110 (7.98%) Continuous Delivery
19 107 (7.76%) Performance Testing
20 101 (7.32%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 366 (26.54%) Java
2 293 (21.25%) SQL
3 199 (14.43%) C#
4 187 (13.56%) Python
5 171 (12.40%) JavaScript
6 58 (4.21%) C++
6 58 (4.21%) Scala
7 49 (3.55%) Java 8
8 48 (3.48%) C
9 45 (3.26%) TypeScript
10 38 (2.76%) PowerShell
11 35 (2.54%) Bash Shell
12 30 (2.18%) PL/SQL
13 24 (1.74%) Kotlin
14 21 (1.52%) MATLAB
14 21 (1.52%) Shell Script
15 17 (1.23%) COBOL
15 17 (1.23%) Groovy
16 15 (1.09%) Ada
16 15 (1.09%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 242 (17.55%) Security Cleared
2 200 (14.50%) SC Cleared
3 148 (10.73%) ISTQB
4 91 (6.60%) Degree
5 85 (6.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 70 (5.08%) ISEB
7 36 (2.61%) DV Cleared
8 19 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
9 17 (1.23%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (0.58%) AWS Certification
10 8 (0.58%) MBA
11 5 (0.36%) CEH
11 5 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.29%) CCNA
12 4 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.29%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.29%) GIAC
12 4 (0.29%) MCSE
12 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.29%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (14.65%) QA
2 62 (4.50%) Accessibility
3 19 (1.38%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.44%) WCAG
6 5 (0.36%) DO-178B
6 5 (0.36%) GDPR
6 5 (0.36%) SLA
7 3 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.22%) HL7
7 3 (0.22%) JTAG
7 3 (0.22%) NIST
7 3 (0.22%) PMO
8 1 (0.073%) GMP
8 1 (0.073%) IEC 61508
8 1 (0.073%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.073%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 1 (0.073%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.073%) TARGET2
System Software
1 120 (8.70%) Docker
2 22 (1.60%) Firmware
3 13 (0.94%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 13 (0.94%) RACF
4 10 (0.73%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.44%) Microsoft App-V
7 4 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.22%) HDFS
8 3 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.22%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.22%) vSphere
9 2 (0.15%) BitLocker
9 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.073%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.073%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.073%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 103 (7.47%) Kubernetes
2 50 (3.63%) Terraform
3 36 (2.61%) Ansible
4 26 (1.89%) HP ALM
5 24 (1.74%) HP Quality Center
6 16 (1.16%) Puppet
6 16 (1.16%) SCCM
7 14 (1.02%) Tivoli NetView
8 13 (0.94%) logstash
9 11 (0.80%) Kibana
10 10 (0.73%) Graphite
11 7 (0.51%) Grafana
12 3 (0.22%) HP Fortify
12 3 (0.22%) MOM
12 3 (0.22%) Nagios
12 3 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
12 3 (0.22%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.22%) vRealize
12 3 (0.22%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 125 (9.06%) Oracle
2 107 (7.76%) Microsoft
3 46 (3.34%) IBM
4 39 (2.83%) HP
5 35 (2.54%) Google
6 32 (2.32%) SAP
7 19 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
8 18 (1.31%) Informatica
9 13 (0.94%) Broadcom
10 12 (0.87%) Atlassian
10 12 (0.87%) Splunk
10 12 (0.87%) VMware
10 12 (0.87%) Xamarin
11 11 (0.80%) Databricks
11 11 (0.80%) ServiceNow
12 10 (0.73%) Adobe
12 10 (0.73%) Cisco
12 10 (0.73%) Perfecto Mobile
12 10 (0.73%) Siemens
13 8 (0.58%) Embarcadero