Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 377 350 346
Rank change year-on-year -27 -4 -111
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 690 718 755
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.66% 0.70% 0.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.77% 0.81% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 401 416 463
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £340
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +10.29% -2.86%
10th Percentile £270 £230 £208
90th Percentile £575 £550 £495
UK excluding London median daily rate £373 £343 £325
% change year-on-year +8.78% +5.54% -1.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 27 19
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.11% +28.57% +18.64%
10th Percentile £19.86 £37.30 £14.73
90th Percentile £51.00 £52.50 £50.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.11% +12.50% +37.93%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,743 88,240 90,478
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.35% 85.75% 85.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,341 58,663 59,661
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,330 2,123 2,493
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +4.44% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.75 £49.75 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.20 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -11.67% +6.67% -

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 598 £405 +1.25% 378
UK excluding London -8 447 £373 +8.78% 322
London -32 234 £450 +0.56% 74
South East +16 120 £364 +3.93% 82
North of England +6 90 £375 +7.53% 90
Scotland +1 65 £305 +6.92% 6
South West -14 62 £450 +63.64% 44
East of England -10 51 £400 +17.30% 36
Yorkshire +18 47 £370 -17.78% 47
Midlands -32 40 £385 +0.33% 54
North West -26 36 £375 +20.97% 33
West Midlands -22 23 £406 +6.91% 32
Wales -17 20 £380 +9.75% 5
East Midlands -11 16 £225 -41.94% 22
North East +5 7 £388 - 10

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 393 (56.96%) Test Automation
2 347 (50.29%) Agile Software Development
3 198 (28.70%) ISTQB
4 177 (25.65%) Selenium
5 170 (24.64%) Test Scripting
6 169 (24.49%) QA
6 169 (24.49%) Java
6 169 (24.49%) Scrum
7 155 (22.46%) SQL
8 139 (20.14%) Test Strategy
9 133 (19.28%) JIRA
10 107 (15.51%) ISEB
11 105 (15.22%) Continuous Integration
11 105 (15.22%) BDD
11 105 (15.22%) SDLC
12 102 (14.78%) Regression Testing
13 99 (14.35%) Microsoft
14 94 (13.62%) Security Cleared
15 90 (13.04%) User Acceptance Testing
15 90 (13.04%) Problem-Solving
16 89 (12.90%) Functional Testing
17 87 (12.61%) Cucumber
18 86 (12.46%) C#
18 86 (12.46%) Windows
18 86 (12.46%) Non-Functional Testing
19 85 (12.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 83 (12.03%) Web Services
21 82 (11.88%) Degree
22 81 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
22 81 (11.74%) DevOps

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.23%) Confluence
2 14 (2.03%) CMS
2 14 (2.03%) JBoss
3 11 (1.59%) SharePoint
4 10 (1.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 10 (1.45%) Apache Spark
5 9 (1.30%) Apache
6 8 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.72%) Documentum
7 5 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (0.72%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.43%) GlassFish
8 3 (0.43%) IIS
8 3 (0.43%) Luigi
8 3 (0.43%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.29%) Drupal
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 14 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
1 14 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.01%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.72%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.58%) Simulink
5 3 (0.43%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.43%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 10 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.16%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.72%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.43%) Markit EDM
4 3 (0.43%) SAP CO
4 3 (0.43%) SAP FI
4 3 (0.43%) SAP FI/CO
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Payroll
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.29%) ResourceLink
5 2 (0.29%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.29%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.29%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.14%) OPENHousing
6 1 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 52 (7.54%) Microsoft Azure
2 47 (6.81%) Amazon AWS
3 23 (3.33%) Office 365
4 14 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
4 14 (2.03%) Sauce Labs
5 11 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
5 11 (1.59%) Serverless
6 10 (1.45%) Amazon S3
7 9 (1.30%) AWS CloudFormation
8 5 (0.72%) Dynamics 365
8 5 (0.72%) GitHub
8 5 (0.72%) IaaS
9 4 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 3 (0.43%) Amazon SQS
10 3 (0.43%) BrowserStack
10 3 (0.43%) Google Cloud Platform
10 3 (0.43%) SuccessFactors
11 2 (0.29%) OpenShift
11 2 (0.29%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.77%) DNS
2 23 (3.33%) DHCP
3 19 (2.75%) HTTP
4 18 (2.61%) Internet
5 9 (1.30%) Wireless
6 6 (0.87%) FTP
7 5 (0.72%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.72%) SMS
7 5 (0.72%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.58%) LAN
8 4 (0.58%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.58%) WLAN
9 2 (0.29%) AMQP
9 2 (0.29%) Extranet
9 2 (0.29%) Firewall
9 2 (0.29%) Intranet
9 2 (0.29%) ISDN
10 1 (0.14%) Network Security
10 1 (0.14%) RS-232
10 1 (0.14%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (6.38%) SQL Server
2 27 (3.91%) Relational Database
3 18 (2.61%) PostgreSQL
4 17 (2.46%) Big Data
5 15 (2.17%) MySQL
6 13 (1.88%) Hadoop
7 12 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
8 11 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 11 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (1.59%) Pentaho
9 9 (1.30%) Amazon Aurora
9 9 (1.30%) NoSQL
10 8 (1.16%) Apache Hive
10 8 (1.16%) Oracle Reports
11 7 (1.01%) Impala
12 6 (0.87%) MongoDB
13 5 (0.72%) Geospatial Data
14 4 (0.58%) GIS
15 3 (0.43%) RDBMS
16 2 (0.29%) IBM InfoSphere
Development Applications
1 177 (25.65%) Selenium
2 133 (19.28%) JIRA
3 87 (12.61%) Cucumber
4 70 (10.14%) SoapUI
5 69 (10.00%) Jenkins
6 64 (9.28%) Git (software)
7 62 (8.99%) WebDriver
8 61 (8.84%) JMeter
9 41 (5.94%) Team Foundation Server
10 34 (4.93%) JUnit
11 30 (4.35%) HP UFT
11 30 (4.35%) Visual Studio Team System
12 28 (4.06%) SpecFlow
13 26 (3.77%) LoadRunner
14 23 (3.33%) Visual Studio
15 21 (3.04%) Maven
16 20 (2.90%) WinRunner
17 19 (2.75%) Bitbucket
18 18 (2.61%) Subversion
19 17 (2.46%) MSBuild
General
1 78 (11.30%) Finance
2 28 (4.06%) Banking
3 19 (2.75%) Retail
4 16 (2.32%) Advertising
5 15 (2.17%) Manufacturing
6 13 (1.88%) Telecoms
7 12 (1.74%) Marketing
8 11 (1.59%) Legal
8 11 (1.59%) Pharmaceutical
9 8 (1.16%) Back Office
10 7 (1.01%) Publishing
11 6 (0.87%) Automotive
12 5 (0.72%) Billing
12 5 (0.72%) Electronics
12 5 (0.72%) Investment Banking
13 4 (0.58%) Front Office
13 4 (0.58%) Law
13 4 (0.58%) Military
14 3 (0.43%) Games
15 2 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 162 (23.48%) Analyst
2 146 (21.16%) Test Analyst
3 140 (20.29%) Tester
4 87 (12.61%) Test Engineer
5 86 (12.46%) Developer
6 48 (6.96%) Automation Tester
7 42 (6.09%) Test Manager
8 32 (4.64%) Test Automation Engineer
9 31 (4.49%) Test Leader
10 30 (4.35%) Java Engineer
11 25 (3.62%) Java Developer
12 22 (3.19%) QA Engineer
12 22 (3.19%) QA Tester
12 22 (3.19%) Software Tester
13 21 (3.04%) Agile Tester
13 21 (3.04%) Automation Engineer
13 21 (3.04%) Software Engineer
14 19 (2.75%) QA Analyst
14 19 (2.75%) Software Analyst
15 17 (2.46%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (12.03%) Web Services
2 59 (8.55%) .NET
3 56 (8.12%) HTML
4 55 (7.97%) XML
5 50 (7.25%) SOAP
6 37 (5.36%) REST
7 34 (4.93%) CSS
8 26 (3.77%) J2EE
9 24 (3.48%) Middleware
10 23 (3.33%) Node.js
11 22 (3.19%) Gherkin
12 19 (2.75%) RESTful
13 18 (2.61%) JAXB
14 16 (2.32%) AngularJS
15 15 (2.17%) JPA
15 15 (2.17%) JSF
16 14 (2.03%) EJB
16 14 (2.03%) Hibernate
16 14 (2.03%) XSD
16 14 (2.03%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 81 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (4.06%) Computer Science
3 26 (3.77%) Mobile App
3 26 (3.77%) Self-Motivation
4 20 (2.90%) Clustering
4 20 (2.90%) PDA
5 16 (2.32%) User Experience
6 12 (1.74%) Client/Server
7 11 (1.59%) Management Information System
8 9 (1.30%) Public Cloud
9 8 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
9 8 (1.16%) NHS
9 8 (1.16%) PKI
10 7 (1.01%) Blog
10 7 (1.01%) Data Centre
11 6 (0.87%) Algorithms
11 6 (0.87%) Fintech
11 6 (0.87%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.72%) Embedded Systems
12 5 (0.72%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 86 (12.46%) Windows
2 71 (10.29%) Linux
3 40 (5.80%) Unix
4 26 (3.77%) Windows 7
5 25 (3.62%) Windows Server 2008
6 22 (3.19%) Windows Server 2003
7 20 (2.90%) AIX
8 18 (2.61%) Apple iOS
9 16 (2.32%) Windows Server
10 13 (1.88%) Android
11 7 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 6 (0.87%) Windows 10
12 6 (0.87%) Windows XP
13 4 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.43%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.29%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.29%) Nucleus RTOS
15 2 (0.29%) SafeRTOS
15 2 (0.29%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 393 (56.96%) Test Automation
2 347 (50.29%) Agile Software Development
3 170 (24.64%) Test Scripting
4 169 (24.49%) Scrum
5 139 (20.14%) Test Strategy
6 105 (15.22%) BDD
6 105 (15.22%) Continuous Integration
6 105 (15.22%) SDLC
7 102 (14.78%) Regression Testing
8 90 (13.04%) Problem-Solving
8 90 (13.04%) User Acceptance Testing
9 89 (12.90%) Functional Testing
10 86 (12.46%) Non-Functional Testing
11 81 (11.74%) DevOps
12 74 (10.72%) TDD
13 69 (10.00%) Software Engineering
14 68 (9.86%) Performance Testing
15 63 (9.13%) Open Source
16 61 (8.84%) Test Management
17 59 (8.55%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 169 (24.49%) Java
2 155 (22.46%) SQL
3 86 (12.46%) C#
4 80 (11.59%) JavaScript
5 75 (10.87%) Python
6 41 (5.94%) C
7 26 (3.77%) C++
8 17 (2.46%) PHP
9 16 (2.32%) TypeScript
10 14 (2.03%) Ruby
11 12 (1.74%) ES6
12 10 (1.45%) T-SQL
13 9 (1.30%) Perl
14 8 (1.16%) Embedded C
14 8 (1.16%) VB
15 7 (1.01%) Apple Swift
15 7 (1.01%) Groovy
15 7 (1.01%) VBScript
16 6 (0.87%) PL/SQL
17 5 (0.72%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 198 (28.70%) ISTQB
2 107 (15.51%) ISEB
3 94 (13.62%) Security Cleared
4 85 (12.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 82 (11.88%) Degree
6 69 (10.00%) SC Cleared
7 17 (2.46%) DV Cleared
8 15 (2.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 9 (1.30%) ISEB Practitioner
10 7 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
11 5 (0.72%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.72%) HNC
11 5 (0.72%) HND
11 5 (0.72%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.29%) APMP
13 2 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.29%) PhD
13 2 (0.29%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (24.49%) QA
2 9 (1.30%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.01%) 21 CFR Part 11
3 7 (1.01%) PMO
4 5 (0.72%) GDPR
4 5 (0.72%) GMP
4 5 (0.72%) SLA
5 2 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.29%) GAMP
5 2 (0.29%) GxP
5 2 (0.29%) ISO 13485
5 2 (0.29%) MISRA
5 2 (0.29%) MISRA C
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 26262
6 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 31 (4.49%) Active Directory
2 30 (4.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (3.77%) Docker
4 24 (3.48%) Virtual Desktop
5 20 (2.90%) Hyper-V
5 20 (2.90%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (1.01%) Microsoft App-V
6 7 (1.01%) XenApp
7 2 (0.29%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.14%) HDFS
8 1 (0.14%) IAG
Systems Management
1 40 (5.80%) HP ALM
2 38 (5.51%) HP Quality Center
3 19 (2.75%) McAfee ePO
4 15 (2.17%) Puppet
5 14 (2.03%) SCCM
6 12 (1.74%) Ansible
7 8 (1.16%) Kibana
7 8 (1.16%) logstash
8 5 (0.72%) Kubernetes
9 4 (0.58%) BladeLogic
9 4 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.58%) Netcool
9 4 (0.58%) Oozie
10 2 (0.29%) Nagios
10 2 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.29%) Rancher
11 1 (0.14%) Grafana
11 1 (0.14%) Mesos
11 1 (0.14%) Perfmon
11 1 (0.14%) Terraform
Vendors
1 99 (14.35%) Microsoft
2 74 (10.72%) Oracle
3 56 (8.12%) HP
4 37 (5.36%) VMware
5 32 (4.64%) Citrix
6 26 (3.77%) Ivanti
7 20 (2.90%) McAfee
7 20 (2.90%) Veritas
8 17 (2.46%) Atlassian
9 15 (2.17%) SAP
10 10 (1.45%) Adobe
10 10 (1.45%) IBM
11 8 (1.16%) Pega
12 7 (1.01%) SolarWinds
13 6 (0.87%) Apple
13 6 (0.87%) Hortonworks
13 6 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
13 6 (0.87%) Splunk
13 6 (0.87%) Xerox
14 5 (0.72%) Red Hat