Period
to 8 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 8 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
8 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 439 420 390
Rank change year-on-year -19 -30 -23
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 191 322 662
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.49% 0.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.46% 0.57% 0.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 159 223 408
Median daily rate £413 £400 £411
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% -2.74% +2.81%
10th Percentile £240 £270 £275
90th Percentile £602 £548 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £409 £375 £381
% change year-on-year +9.00% -1.64% +1.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 26
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.00 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.89% +18.99% -2.47%
10th Percentile £22.15 £40.05 £19.25
90th Percentile £47.00 £48.40 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £47.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year -20.21% +20.51% -3.70%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 41,870 56,289 85,626
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.54% 85.23% 87.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,448 37,622 57,743
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £281 £300
90th Percentile £656 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,350 1,734 2,079
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.50 £22.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.26% -3.87% +1.66%
10th Percentile £12.06 £12.30 £11.40
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £23.21 £20.11 £21.76
% change year-on-year +15.42% -7.58% +1.21%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Testing.

Daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 8 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Testing.

Hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 8 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 8 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 158 £438 +2.94% 108
UK excluding London +8 91 £409 +9.00% 103
London +49 72 £450 -10.00% 17
Work from Home -195 42 £400 +6.67% 10
South East +61 31 £405 +19.56% 21
Midlands +50 18 £400 -11.11% 22
North of England +45 16 £400 +3.23% 31
West Midlands +37 13 £400 -11.11% 14
South West +50 11 £575 +40.24% 9
North West +46 11 £350 +19.15% 20
East of England +56 6 £340 -30.26% 8
Scotland -19 6 £475 +53.23% 7
East Midlands +32 5 £400 +14.29% 8
Yorkshire +27 5 £475 +8.57% 10
Isle of Man - 2 - -
Wales 0 1 £400 - 3
Northern Ireland - 1 £142 - 2

For the 6 months to 8 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 96 (50.26%) Agile Software Development
2 84 (43.98%) Test Automation
3 65 (34.03%) SQL
4 49 (25.65%) Java
5 48 (25.13%) QA
6 47 (24.61%) ISTQB
7 44 (23.04%) JIRA
8 39 (20.42%) SDLC
9 37 (19.37%) Azure
10 34 (17.80%) DevOps
10 34 (17.80%) Analytical Skills
11 33 (17.28%) Regression Testing
11 33 (17.28%) Scrum
12 32 (16.75%) ISEB
12 32 (16.75%) SQL Server
13 31 (16.23%) Security Cleared
14 29 (15.18%) Finance
15 28 (14.66%) Oracle
15 28 (14.66%) Microsoft
15 28 (14.66%) Continuous Improvement
16 27 (14.14%) Test Strategy
17 26 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
18 25 (13.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 25 (13.09%) Test Scripting
18 25 (13.09%) Continuous Integration
18 25 (13.09%) Windows
18 25 (13.09%) ETL
19 23 (12.04%) Linux
19 23 (12.04%) TDD
19 23 (12.04%) Public Sector

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (5.24%) Confluence
2 9 (4.71%) SharePoint
3 5 (2.62%) WebSphere
4 4 (2.09%) Apache Spark
5 3 (1.57%) Apache
5 3 (1.57%) IBM Transformation Extender
5 3 (1.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (1.05%) CMS
6 2 (1.05%) IBM Domino
6 2 (1.05%) NetWeaver
7 1 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.52%) Apache Synapse
7 1 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.52%) EPiServer
7 1 (0.52%) JBoss
7 1 (0.52%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.52%) Oracle Self-Service HR
7 1 (0.52%) WebLogic
Applications
1 3 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.05%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (1.57%) Magento
2 2 (1.05%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (1.05%) SAP IS-U
3 1 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.52%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.52%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 37 (19.37%) Azure
2 19 (9.95%) AWS
3 11 (5.76%) Azure Data Factory
3 11 (5.76%) Microsoft 365
4 6 (3.14%) GCP
5 4 (2.09%) Power Platform
6 3 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (1.05%) Dynamics 365
7 2 (1.05%) SaaS
7 2 (1.05%) Twilio
8 1 (0.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (0.52%) Amazon EKS
8 1 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.52%) GitHub
8 1 (0.52%) Google Drive
8 1 (0.52%) iPaaS
8 1 (0.52%) npm
8 1 (0.52%) PaaS
8 1 (0.52%) Serverless
8 1 (0.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.66%) 4G
2 6 (3.14%) 5G
2 6 (3.14%) FTP
2 6 (3.14%) HTTP
2 6 (3.14%) Wireshark
3 5 (2.62%) 3GPP
3 5 (2.62%) Internet
3 5 (2.62%) TCP/IP
4 4 (2.09%) 3G
4 4 (2.09%) Diameter Protocol
4 4 (2.09%) LTE
4 4 (2.09%) SSH
5 3 (1.57%) 2G
5 3 (1.57%) GSM
5 3 (1.57%) LAN
5 3 (1.57%) MIMO
5 3 (1.57%) Radio Access Network
5 3 (1.57%) SCCP
5 3 (1.57%) VoLTE
5 3 (1.57%) VoWiFi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (16.75%) SQL Server
2 21 (10.99%) Data Warehouse
3 16 (8.38%) Relational Database
4 14 (7.33%) MySQL
5 8 (4.19%) NonStop SQL
6 7 (3.66%) Big Data
7 6 (3.14%) MS Access
8 5 (2.62%) MongoDB
9 4 (2.09%) Cosmos DB
9 4 (2.09%) NoSQL
9 4 (2.09%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (2.09%) Power BI
10 3 (1.57%) Azure SQL Database
10 3 (1.57%) Oracle Database
11 2 (1.05%) Apache Hive
11 2 (1.05%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
11 2 (1.05%) Oracle Database 11g
11 2 (1.05%) SAP BW
11 2 (1.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 44 (23.04%) JIRA
2 21 (10.99%) Selenium
3 16 (8.38%) Git (software)
4 14 (7.33%) Cucumber
5 13 (6.81%) Jenkins
5 13 (6.81%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
6 12 (6.28%) JMeter
7 11 (5.76%) SoapUI
8 10 (5.24%) Cypress.io
9 9 (4.71%) Team Foundation Server
10 8 (4.19%) Visual Studio
11 6 (3.14%) HP UFT
11 6 (3.14%) Maven
11 6 (3.14%) Postman
11 6 (3.14%) REST Assured
12 4 (2.09%) JUnit
13 3 (1.57%) Gatling
13 3 (1.57%) JBehave
13 3 (1.57%) LoadRunner
13 3 (1.57%) WebDriver
General
1 29 (15.18%) Finance
2 23 (12.04%) Public Sector
3 22 (11.52%) Banking
4 12 (6.28%) Telecoms
5 5 (2.62%) Investment Banking
5 5 (2.62%) Marketing
5 5 (2.62%) Retail
6 4 (2.09%) Electronics
6 4 (2.09%) Law
6 4 (2.09%) Manufacturing
7 3 (1.57%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (1.05%) Advertising
8 2 (1.05%) Back Office
9 1 (0.52%) Front Office
9 1 (0.52%) Legal
9 1 (0.52%) Police
Job Titles
1 46 (24.08%) Tester
2 34 (17.80%) Analyst
3 28 (14.66%) Developer
4 21 (10.99%) Test Manager
5 20 (10.47%) Test Analyst
6 17 (8.90%) Test Engineer
7 13 (6.81%) Software Tester
8 9 (4.71%) Applications Engineer
9 8 (4.19%) Applications Support
9 8 (4.19%) Applications Support Engineer
9 8 (4.19%) QA Analyst
9 8 (4.19%) Senior Developer
9 8 (4.19%) Support Engineer
10 7 (3.66%) Technical Analyst
11 6 (3.14%) ETL Tester
11 6 (3.14%) QA Engineer
11 6 (3.14%) Senior Tester
11 6 (3.14%) Test Leader
12 5 (2.62%) Manual Tester
12 5 (2.62%) Senior Software Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (10.47%) SOAP
2 18 (9.42%) XML
3 16 (8.38%) Web Services
4 9 (4.71%) .NET
4 9 (4.71%) REST
5 8 (4.19%) CSS
5 8 (4.19%) HTML
5 8 (4.19%) JSON
5 8 (4.19%) Swing
6 6 (3.14%) RESTful
7 5 (2.62%) Middleware
7 5 (2.62%) PySpark
7 5 (2.62%) React
7 5 (2.62%) Spring
8 4 (2.09%) jQuery
8 4 (2.09%) Vue.js
9 3 (1.57%) Gherkin
9 3 (1.57%) HTML5
9 3 (1.57%) Node.js
9 3 (1.57%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 34 (17.80%) Analytical Skills
2 15 (7.85%) Self-Motivation
3 11 (5.76%) Management Information System
4 8 (4.19%) User Experience
5 6 (3.14%) Enterprise Software
6 5 (2.62%) Data Structures
7 4 (2.09%) Public Cloud
8 3 (1.57%) Credit Risk
8 3 (1.57%) Mainframe
8 3 (1.57%) Mobile App
9 2 (1.05%) Client/Server
9 2 (1.05%) NHS
9 2 (1.05%) Reference Data
9 2 (1.05%) Smartphone
9 2 (1.05%) SWIFT
9 2 (1.05%) Video Conferencing
9 2 (1.05%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.52%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.52%) Cloud Native
10 1 (0.52%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 25 (13.09%) Windows
2 23 (12.04%) Linux
3 7 (3.66%) Unix
3 7 (3.66%) Windows Server
4 4 (2.09%) Windows 10
5 3 (1.57%) Android
5 3 (1.57%) Apple iOS
5 3 (1.57%) Oracle Linux
6 2 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (1.05%) Windows 7
7 1 (0.52%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 96 (50.26%) Agile Software Development
2 84 (43.98%) Test Automation
3 39 (20.42%) SDLC
4 34 (17.80%) DevOps
5 33 (17.28%) Regression Testing
5 33 (17.28%) Scrum
6 28 (14.66%) Continuous Improvement
7 27 (14.14%) Test Strategy
8 26 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
9 25 (13.09%) Continuous Integration
9 25 (13.09%) ETL
9 25 (13.09%) Test Scripting
10 23 (12.04%) TDD
11 22 (11.52%) BDD
11 22 (11.52%) Migration
12 20 (10.47%) Continuous Delivery
12 20 (10.47%) Validation
13 18 (9.42%) Non-Functional Testing
13 18 (9.42%) Test Management
13 18 (9.42%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 65 (34.03%) SQL
2 49 (25.65%) Java
3 21 (10.99%) Python
4 17 (8.90%) JavaScript
5 13 (6.81%) C
6 9 (4.71%) C#
6 9 (4.71%) COBOL
7 5 (2.62%) Ruby
8 4 (2.09%) C++
8 4 (2.09%) ES6
8 4 (2.09%) Groovy
8 4 (2.09%) PHP
8 4 (2.09%) PL/SQL
9 3 (1.57%) Perl
9 3 (1.57%) Scala
10 2 (1.05%) Apple Swift
10 2 (1.05%) Kotlin
10 2 (1.05%) Objective-C
10 2 (1.05%) TypeScript
10 2 (1.05%) VB
Qualifications
1 47 (24.61%) ISTQB
2 32 (16.75%) ISEB
3 31 (16.23%) Security Cleared
4 25 (13.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 19 (9.95%) Degree
6 17 (8.90%) SC Cleared
7 11 (5.76%) DV Cleared
8 4 (2.09%) ISEB Practitioner
8 4 (2.09%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (1.05%) MCP
9 2 (1.05%) OCP
9 2 (1.05%) Oracle Certification
9 2 (1.05%) PMI Certification
9 2 (1.05%) PMP
9 2 (1.05%) SAP Certification
10 1 (0.52%) CCNA
10 1 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.52%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.52%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.52%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (25.13%) QA
2 2 (1.05%) Cyber Essentials
2 2 (1.05%) ISO 9000
2 2 (1.05%) NCSC
2 2 (1.05%) NIST
2 2 (1.05%) SEPA
2 2 (1.05%) TARGET2
3 1 (0.52%) GDPR
3 1 (0.52%) HL7
3 1 (0.52%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 17 (8.90%) Docker
2 2 (1.05%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.52%) HDFS
3 1 (0.52%) Xen
Systems Management
1 15 (7.85%) Ansible
2 9 (4.71%) HP Quality Center
3 7 (3.66%) Kubernetes
4 6 (3.14%) HP ALM
5 3 (1.57%) Grafana
5 3 (1.57%) Puppet
6 2 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (1.05%) Sysdig
6 2 (1.05%) Terraform
7 1 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.52%) Kibana
7 1 (0.52%) logstash
7 1 (0.52%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 28 (14.66%) Microsoft
1 28 (14.66%) Oracle
2 16 (8.38%) HP
3 9 (4.71%) SAP
4 7 (3.66%) IBM
5 5 (2.62%) Databricks
5 5 (2.62%) Dell
6 3 (1.57%) Dynatrace
6 3 (1.57%) Google
6 3 (1.57%) hybris
6 3 (1.57%) Red Hat
6 3 (1.57%) Xamarin
7 2 (1.05%) Adobe
7 2 (1.05%) VMware
7 2 (1.05%) Xerox
8 1 (0.52%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.52%) JD Edwards
8 1 (0.52%) New Relic
8 1 (0.52%) Sybase
8 1 (0.52%) WSO2