Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 356 377 322
Rank change year-on-year +21 -55 -75
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 746 630 822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.64% 0.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.84% 0.75% 0.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 463 357 520
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £275 £225 £241
90th Percentile £573 £526 £488
UK excluding London median daily rate £366 £336 £325
% change year-on-year +8.92% +3.46% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 33 14
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £33.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +33.33% -10.00%
10th Percentile £20.04 £35.85 £14.43
90th Percentile £50.75 £52.50 £41.48
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year -5.56% +24.14% -3.33%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,599 84,098 90,163
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.17% 85.60% 85.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,535 55,446 59,633
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,426 2,078 2,364
UK median hourly rate £20.55 £24.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.38% +5.10% +4.22%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -16.67% +2.13% +6.82%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 626 £400 +4.92% 332
UK excluding London +5 486 £366 +8.92% 291
London +23 252 £463 +2.78% 69
South East -1 130 £375 +13.64% 68
Scotland +35 96 £297 +5.13% 15
North of England +7 95 £375 +3.45% 80
South West -16 61 £425 +13.33% 33
Yorkshire +14 60 £375 -16.67% 32
East of England -20 45 £375 +15.38% 34
Midlands -37 39 £391 +4.33% 48
North West -37 30 £350 +14.75% 45
West Midlands -30 24 £398 +4.61% 37
Wales -12 21 £369 +13.46% 8
East Midlands -9 14 £350 -1.75% 11
North East -7 5 £388 +4.73% 3

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 424 (56.84%) Test Automation
2 362 (48.53%) Agile Software Development
3 214 (28.69%) ISTQB
3 214 (28.69%) Test Scripting
4 200 (26.81%) Java
5 179 (23.99%) QA
6 178 (23.86%) Selenium
7 159 (21.31%) Scrum
8 158 (21.18%) SQL
9 129 (17.29%) JIRA
10 120 (16.09%) BDD
11 117 (15.68%) ISEB
12 115 (15.42%) Test Strategy
13 109 (14.61%) Continuous Integration
14 106 (14.21%) Microsoft
14 106 (14.21%) Finance
15 103 (13.81%) Security Cleared
16 102 (13.67%) Windows
17 99 (13.27%) SDLC
18 98 (13.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 96 (12.87%) Cucumber
20 95 (12.73%) C#
21 93 (12.47%) User Acceptance Testing
22 92 (12.33%) Regression Testing
23 90 (12.06%) Linux
24 88 (11.80%) Python
24 88 (11.80%) Analytical Skills
25 87 (11.66%) Problem-Solving
26 85 (11.39%) Web Services
27 84 (11.26%) DevOps

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (4.69%) Confluence
2 16 (2.14%) Apache
3 14 (1.88%) JBoss
4 11 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
4 11 (1.47%) CMS
5 8 (1.07%) Apache Spark
6 7 (0.94%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (0.94%) GemFire
6 7 (0.94%) SharePoint
7 5 (0.67%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.40%) GlassFish
8 3 (0.40%) IIS
8 3 (0.40%) Luigi
9 2 (0.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.27%) Documentum
9 2 (0.27%) Drupal
9 2 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
9 2 (0.27%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.13%) Mule
Applications
1 17 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (1.21%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.80%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.40%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.13%) Simulink
7 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.13%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 11 (1.47%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.40%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.40%) Oracle Payables
3 3 (0.40%) SAP CO
3 3 (0.40%) SAP FI
3 3 (0.40%) SAP FI/CO
3 3 (0.40%) SAP HR
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle Assets
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
4 2 (0.27%) ResourceLink
4 2 (0.27%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.27%) Visualfiles
4 2 (0.27%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.13%) FLEXCUBE
5 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 55 (7.37%) Microsoft Azure
2 44 (5.90%) Amazon AWS
3 37 (4.96%) Office 365
4 15 (2.01%) AWS Lambda
4 15 (2.01%) Serverless
5 11 (1.47%) GitHub
5 11 (1.47%) PaaS
6 10 (1.34%) Amazon S3
6 10 (1.34%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (1.21%) Sauce Labs
8 7 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
8 7 (0.94%) IaaS
9 6 (0.80%) BrowserStack
10 5 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
10 5 (0.67%) Google Cloud Platform
11 4 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (0.54%) SuccessFactors
12 3 (0.40%) Adobe Analytics
12 3 (0.40%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (6.03%) DNS
2 36 (4.83%) DHCP
3 23 (3.08%) HTTP
4 15 (2.01%) SMS
5 12 (1.61%) Internet
6 9 (1.21%) FTP
7 5 (0.67%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.67%) LAN
7 5 (0.67%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.67%) Wi-Fi
7 5 (0.67%) Wireless
8 4 (0.54%) AMQP
8 4 (0.54%) WAN
8 4 (0.54%) WLAN
9 3 (0.40%) 2G
9 3 (0.40%) 3G
9 3 (0.40%) 4G
9 3 (0.40%) GSM
9 3 (0.40%) SCCP
9 3 (0.40%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (5.09%) SQL Server
2 28 (3.75%) Relational Database
3 22 (2.95%) PostgreSQL
4 16 (2.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 16 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
5 15 (2.01%) MySQL
6 12 (1.61%) Big Data
6 12 (1.61%) Hadoop
7 11 (1.47%) Apache Hive
8 10 (1.34%) HBase
8 10 (1.34%) NoSQL
9 9 (1.21%) Amazon Aurora
9 9 (1.21%) Pentaho
10 8 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (0.80%) Siebel EIM
12 5 (0.67%) Geospatial Data
12 5 (0.67%) Impala
13 4 (0.54%) Oracle Database
13 4 (0.54%) Oracle Database 10g
13 4 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 178 (23.86%) Selenium
2 129 (17.29%) JIRA
3 96 (12.87%) Cucumber
4 70 (9.38%) Git (software)
5 63 (8.45%) Jenkins
6 55 (7.37%) JMeter
6 55 (7.37%) WebDriver
7 52 (6.97%) SoapUI
8 41 (5.50%) HP UFT
9 39 (5.23%) JUnit
10 34 (4.56%) SpecFlow
11 32 (4.29%) WinRunner
12 29 (3.89%) Team Foundation Server
13 26 (3.49%) Visual Studio Team System
14 20 (2.68%) LoadRunner
15 19 (2.55%) Visual Studio
16 17 (2.28%) MSBuild
17 16 (2.14%) Appium
18 14 (1.88%) Rational Team Concert
19 13 (1.74%) Protractor
General
1 106 (14.21%) Finance
2 31 (4.16%) Banking
3 22 (2.95%) Retail
4 16 (2.14%) Advertising
5 14 (1.88%) Telecoms
6 13 (1.74%) Manufacturing
6 13 (1.74%) Pharmaceutical
7 12 (1.61%) Legal
7 12 (1.61%) Marketing
8 7 (0.94%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.80%) Automotive
9 6 (0.80%) Electronics
9 6 (0.80%) Investment Banking
9 6 (0.80%) Military
10 5 (0.67%) Back Office
10 5 (0.67%) Law
10 5 (0.67%) Publishing
11 4 (0.54%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.40%) Games
13 2 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 171 (22.92%) Analyst
2 152 (20.38%) Test Analyst
3 134 (17.96%) Tester
4 95 (12.73%) Test Engineer
5 91 (12.20%) Developer
6 55 (7.37%) Test Leader
7 51 (6.84%) Test Manager
8 47 (6.30%) Java Engineer
9 41 (5.50%) Test Automation Engineer
10 39 (5.23%) Automation Tester
11 36 (4.83%) Automation Engineer
12 29 (3.89%) Java Developer
13 24 (3.22%) Web Engineer
14 23 (3.08%) QA Engineer
15 22 (2.95%) Software Tester
16 20 (2.68%) Agile Tester
16 20 (2.68%) Automation Test Analyst
16 20 (2.68%) Software Engineer
16 20 (2.68%) Software Test Engineer
17 18 (2.41%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (11.39%) Web Services
2 55 (7.37%) .NET
2 55 (7.37%) XML
3 50 (6.70%) HTML
4 48 (6.43%) SOAP
5 33 (4.42%) Gherkin
6 31 (4.16%) RESTful
7 30 (4.02%) CSS
8 29 (3.89%) REST
9 27 (3.62%) Middleware
10 22 (2.95%) JSON
10 22 (2.95%) Node.js
11 21 (2.82%) AngularJS
12 19 (2.55%) J2EE
13 18 (2.41%) Spring
14 17 (2.28%) JAXB
15 14 (1.88%) EJB
15 14 (1.88%) JSF
15 14 (1.88%) XSD
15 14 (1.88%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 88 (11.80%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (4.69%) PDA
3 33 (4.42%) Mobile App
3 33 (4.42%) Self-Motivation
4 32 (4.29%) Clustering
5 29 (3.89%) Computer Science
6 15 (2.01%) Virtual Team
7 14 (1.88%) Client/Server
7 14 (1.88%) Management Information System
8 11 (1.47%) User Experience
9 10 (1.34%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
10 8 (1.07%) NHS
10 8 (1.07%) PKI
11 7 (0.94%) Algorithms
11 7 (0.94%) Blog
11 7 (0.94%) Fintech
11 7 (0.94%) Hedge funds
11 7 (0.94%) Private Cloud
11 7 (0.94%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 102 (13.67%) Windows
2 90 (12.06%) Linux
3 55 (7.37%) Unix
4 42 (5.63%) Windows Server 2008
5 37 (4.96%) Windows 7
5 37 (4.96%) Windows Server 2003
6 32 (4.29%) AIX
7 25 (3.35%) Apple iOS
8 20 (2.68%) Android
9 11 (1.47%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.67%) Windows XP
11 4 (0.54%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.40%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.27%) Kali Linux
13 2 (0.27%) Nucleus RTOS
13 2 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.27%) SafeRTOS
13 2 (0.27%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 424 (56.84%) Test Automation
2 362 (48.53%) Agile Software Development
3 214 (28.69%) Test Scripting
4 159 (21.31%) Scrum
5 120 (16.09%) BDD
6 115 (15.42%) Test Strategy
7 109 (14.61%) Continuous Integration
8 99 (13.27%) SDLC
9 93 (12.47%) User Acceptance Testing
10 92 (12.33%) Regression Testing
11 87 (11.66%) Problem-Solving
12 84 (11.26%) DevOps
13 80 (10.72%) Functional Testing
14 78 (10.46%) TDD
15 75 (10.05%) Non-Functional Testing
16 74 (9.92%) Open Source
17 69 (9.25%) Software Engineering
18 65 (8.71%) User Stories
19 59 (7.91%) Continuous Delivery
20 58 (7.77%) OO
Programming Languages
1 200 (26.81%) Java
2 158 (21.18%) SQL
3 95 (12.73%) C#
4 88 (11.80%) Python
5 82 (10.99%) JavaScript
6 46 (6.17%) C
7 30 (4.02%) C++
8 23 (3.08%) Ruby
9 20 (2.68%) PHP
10 15 (2.01%) TypeScript
11 13 (1.74%) Perl
12 12 (1.61%) ES6
13 10 (1.34%) Shell Script
14 8 (1.07%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
14 8 (1.07%) T-SQL
15 7 (0.94%) Apple Swift
16 6 (0.80%) PL/SQL
17 5 (0.67%) Embedded C
17 5 (0.67%) VB
17 5 (0.67%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 214 (28.69%) ISTQB
2 117 (15.68%) ISEB
3 103 (13.81%) Security Cleared
4 98 (13.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 77 (10.32%) SC Cleared
6 74 (9.92%) Degree
7 19 (2.55%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 17 (2.28%) DV Cleared
9 10 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
9 10 (1.34%) ISEB Practitioner
10 6 (0.80%) Siebel Certification
11 5 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.67%) CCNA
11 5 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.54%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.40%) PhD
14 2 (0.27%) MCSA
14 2 (0.27%) MCSE
14 2 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (23.99%) QA
2 9 (1.21%) 21 CFR Part 11
3 7 (0.94%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.94%) GMP
4 6 (0.80%) GDPR
5 5 (0.67%) PMO
6 2 (0.27%) GAMP
6 2 (0.27%) GxP
6 2 (0.27%) IFRS
6 2 (0.27%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.27%) MISRA
6 2 (0.27%) MISRA C
6 2 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.27%) SLA
7 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.13%) EMIR
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 26262
7 1 (0.13%) MiFID
7 1 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 49 (6.57%) Active Directory
2 41 (5.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (4.42%) Hyper-V
3 33 (4.42%) VMware ESXi
4 32 (4.29%) Virtual Desktop
5 20 (2.68%) Docker
6 10 (1.34%) HDFS
7 7 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.54%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.54%) XenApp
9 2 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.27%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.13%) Firmware
10 1 (0.13%) IAG
Systems Management
1 59 (7.91%) HP ALM
2 36 (4.83%) HP Quality Center
3 31 (4.16%) McAfee ePO
4 14 (1.88%) Puppet
5 13 (1.74%) SCCM
6 10 (1.34%) BladeLogic
7 8 (1.07%) Ansible
8 7 (0.94%) Kibana
8 7 (0.94%) logstash
9 4 (0.54%) Kubernetes
9 4 (0.54%) SCOM
10 3 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.40%) Oozie
10 3 (0.40%) Rancher
11 2 (0.27%) Nagios
11 2 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
12 1 (0.13%) Mesos
12 1 (0.13%) MOM
12 1 (0.13%) Nessus
12 1 (0.13%) Netcool
Vendors
1 106 (14.21%) Microsoft
2 78 (10.46%) HP
3 64 (8.58%) Oracle
4 43 (5.76%) VMware
5 36 (4.83%) Citrix
6 34 (4.56%) Ivanti
7 32 (4.29%) McAfee
7 32 (4.29%) Veritas
8 18 (2.41%) SAP
9 16 (2.14%) Atlassian
10 10 (1.34%) IBM
11 7 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (0.94%) Siebel
12 6 (0.80%) Apple
12 6 (0.80%) Cisco
12 6 (0.80%) Splunk
13 5 (0.67%) EMC
13 5 (0.67%) Google
13 5 (0.67%) Micro Focus
14 4 (0.54%) NetApp