Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 174 183 208
Rank change year-on-year +9 +25 -37
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 1,407 976 543
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 1.48% 1.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.77% 1.67% 1.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 928 608 331
10th Percentile £343 £293 £300
25th Percentile £413 £363 £356
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £462 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.23% +2.67% +5.88%
75th Percentile £575 £538 £525
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £478 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +12.35% +6.25% -0.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 55 21
10th Percentile £17.25 £32.24 £15.92
25th Percentile £38.00 £41.25 £18.70
Median hourly rate £51.12 £46.00 £37.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.13% +22.67% -11.76%
75th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £65.32 £65.52 £58.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £54.78 £47.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +15.33% +26.67% -13.29%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,692 58,518 35,720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.58% 88.95% 86.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,089 40,159 23,915
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £444 £404 £392
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £595 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,732 1,625 1,007
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.00 £12.50
25th Percentile £17.00 £15.17 £16.13
Median hourly rate £29.47 £24.80 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.83% +7.83% +0.72%
75th Percentile £53.88 £47.50 £45.96
90th Percentile £67.23 £60.00 £56.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.36 £21.74 £20.85
% change year-on-year +12.05% +4.29% -9.06%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Testing.

Daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Testing.

Hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 1,168 £500 +5.26% 441
Work from Home +17 657 £500 +11.11% 219
London +46 595 £519 +3.75% 112
UK excluding London -30 557 £478 +12.35% 360
South East -25 150 £480 +20.00% 97
North of England -35 105 £475 +5.56% 86
South West -16 93 £500 -4.76% 48
Midlands -32 74 £498 +24.38% 44
North West -17 64 £456 +17.74% 48
East of England -36 59 £438 +16.67% 51
Scotland +13 57 £488 +20.00% 16
West Midlands -44 47 £392 -7.88% 33
Yorkshire -44 30 £475 +5.56% 22
East Midlands +7 25 £500 +31.58% 11
Northern Ireland +12 13 £485 +241.55% 7
North East -1 12 £450 -4.26% 16
Wales -9 5 £518 +21.76% 11
Isle of Man - 2 £388 -

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 731 (51.95%) Agile
2 556 (39.52%) Test Automation
3 518 (36.82%) DevOps
4 326 (23.17%) Azure
5 318 (22.60%) Social Skills
6 308 (21.89%) Java
7 283 (20.11%) Security Cleared
8 277 (19.69%) SQL
9 268 (19.05%) QA
10 263 (18.69%) JIRA
11 260 (18.48%) Python
12 244 (17.34%) Scrum
13 238 (16.92%) Git (software)
14 233 (16.56%) SC Cleared
15 227 (16.13%) JavaScript
16 206 (14.64%) CI/CD
17 202 (14.36%) TDD
18 200 (14.21%) Test Strategy
19 199 (14.14%) Finance
20 196 (13.93%) C#
21 193 (13.72%) Software Engineering
22 190 (13.50%) User Acceptance Testing
23 174 (12.37%) Selenium
23 174 (12.37%) Linux
24 171 (12.15%) AWS
25 168 (11.94%) BDD
26 166 (11.80%) Azure DevOps
27 159 (11.30%) Microsoft
28 157 (11.16%) Jenkins
28 157 (11.16%) Test Scripting

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (4.48%) Confluence
2 20 (1.42%) WebLogic
3 16 (1.14%) Apache
4 11 (0.78%) Oracle Service Bus
4 11 (0.78%) SAS
5 10 (0.71%) Oracle 9iAS
5 10 (0.71%) Oracle Application Server
6 9 (0.64%) SharePoint
7 8 (0.57%) JBoss
8 7 (0.50%) Apache Spark
9 6 (0.43%) IIS
9 6 (0.43%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.36%) nginx
11 4 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
11 4 (0.28%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.21%) CMS
12 3 (0.21%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.21%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 30 (2.13%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (1.42%) Simulink
3 16 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (0.85%) OrCAD
5 11 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.71%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.28%) MS Visio
8 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.071%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.071%) InVision
9 1 (0.071%) Sketch
9 1 (0.071%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 13 (0.92%) Oracle EBS
2 10 (0.71%) Oracle 11i
2 10 (0.71%) Oracle Applications
3 5 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.36%) SAP ERP
3 5 (0.36%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.28%) Actimize
5 2 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.14%) iTrent
5 2 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.071%) Bloomberg AIM
6 1 (0.071%) Magento
6 1 (0.071%) Sage X3
6 1 (0.071%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.071%) Siebel CRM
6 1 (0.071%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.071%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.071%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 326 (23.17%) Azure
2 171 (12.15%) AWS
3 166 (11.80%) Azure DevOps
4 50 (3.55%) GitHub
5 44 (3.13%) GCP
6 33 (2.35%) SaaS
7 27 (1.92%) Serverless
8 23 (1.63%) Amazon S3
8 23 (1.63%) OpenShift
9 22 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
10 18 (1.28%) Power Platform
11 16 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (0.85%) Tricentis Tosca
13 11 (0.78%) Amazon EKS
13 11 (0.78%) Azure Logic Apps
13 11 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
13 11 (0.78%) IaaS
13 11 (0.78%) PaaS
13 11 (0.78%) SuccessFactors
14 10 (0.71%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.49%) Internet
2 18 (1.28%) DNS
3 15 (1.07%) Ethernet
4 12 (0.85%) LAN
5 10 (0.71%) Firewall
5 10 (0.71%) WAN
6 9 (0.64%) Wireless
7 7 (0.50%) 5G
7 7 (0.50%) TCP/IP
8 6 (0.43%) Broadband
8 6 (0.43%) HTTP
8 6 (0.43%) Network Security
9 5 (0.36%) MPLS
9 5 (0.36%) Skype
9 5 (0.36%) Tactical Data Link
9 5 (0.36%) VLAN
10 4 (0.28%) 4G
10 4 (0.28%) DHCP
10 4 (0.28%) RS-422
10 4 (0.28%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (7.39%) SQL Server
2 59 (4.19%) Big Data
3 56 (3.98%) Data Warehouse
4 46 (3.27%) Relational Database
5 38 (2.70%) Oracle Database
6 31 (2.20%) MongoDB
7 23 (1.63%) Oracle Database 10g
7 23 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
8 20 (1.42%) NoSQL
9 19 (1.35%) MySQL
10 18 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 16 (1.14%) Power BI
12 12 (0.85%) Hadoop
13 11 (0.78%) RDBMS
14 10 (0.71%) Metadata
14 10 (0.71%) Oracle Database 11g
14 10 (0.71%) QualityStage
15 9 (0.64%) Amazon RDS
15 9 (0.64%) SAS Enterprise Guide
15 9 (0.64%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 263 (18.69%) JIRA
2 238 (16.92%) Git (software)
3 174 (12.37%) Selenium
4 157 (11.16%) Jenkins
5 123 (8.74%) Cucumber
6 76 (5.40%) Postman
7 60 (4.26%) WebDriver
8 50 (3.55%) REST Assured
8 50 (3.55%) SpecFlow
9 48 (3.41%) GitLab
10 45 (3.20%) JMeter
10 45 (3.20%) Maven
10 45 (3.20%) SoapUI
11 41 (2.91%) JUnit
12 38 (2.70%) Cypress.io
13 31 (2.20%) Team Foundation Server
14 29 (2.06%) NUnit
15 27 (1.92%) Bitbucket
16 26 (1.85%) Visual Studio
17 21 (1.49%) Robot Framework
General
1 318 (22.60%) Social Skills
2 199 (14.14%) Finance
3 134 (9.52%) Public Sector
4 106 (7.53%) Analytical Skills
5 73 (5.19%) Banking
6 32 (2.27%) Aerospace
6 32 (2.27%) Manufacturing
7 30 (2.13%) Legal
7 30 (2.13%) Telecoms
8 28 (1.99%) Electronics
8 28 (1.99%) Presentation Skills
9 26 (1.85%) Retail
10 24 (1.71%) Games
11 21 (1.49%) Documentation Skills
12 20 (1.42%) Law
12 20 (1.42%) Organisational Skills
13 19 (1.35%) Investment Banking
14 14 (1.00%) Front Office
15 11 (0.78%) Local Government
15 11 (0.78%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 314 (22.32%) Developer
2 190 (13.50%) Analyst
3 150 (10.66%) Tester
4 143 (10.16%) Test Analyst
5 131 (9.31%) Test Engineer
6 109 (7.75%) Software Engineer
7 82 (5.83%) Test Manager
8 77 (5.47%) Test Leader
9 72 (5.12%) Software Developer
10 58 (4.12%) Software Test Engineer
11 53 (3.77%) Automation Tester
12 52 (3.70%) Developer in Test
13 51 (3.62%) Software Tester
14 48 (3.41%) QA Engineer
15 46 (3.27%) Senior Developer
16 44 (3.13%) Architect
16 44 (3.13%) DevOps Engineer
16 44 (3.13%) Java Developer
17 43 (3.06%) Development Engineer
18 41 (2.91%) QA Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (8.53%) React
2 117 (8.32%) HTML
3 115 (8.17%) .NET
4 108 (7.68%) CSS
5 99 (7.04%) RESTful
6 96 (6.82%) Node.js
7 84 (5.97%) REST
8 82 (5.83%) Web Services
9 73 (5.19%) jQuery
10 72 (5.12%) AngularJS
11 66 (4.69%) Spring
12 52 (3.70%) GraphQL
13 50 (3.55%) .NET Framework
14 49 (3.48%) JSON
15 44 (3.13%) Gherkin
15 44 (3.13%) XML
16 39 (2.77%) RabbitMQ
17 34 (2.42%) Spring Boot
17 34 (2.42%) WireMock
18 33 (2.35%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 39 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
2 31 (2.20%) Management Information System
3 27 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
3 27 (1.92%) User Experience
4 24 (1.71%) Mobile App
4 24 (1.71%) Public Cloud
5 19 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
6 17 (1.21%) Data Centre
6 17 (1.21%) Legacy Code
7 15 (1.07%) Market Risk
7 15 (1.07%) Virtual Team
8 13 (0.92%) NHS
9 12 (0.85%) Algorithms
9 12 (0.85%) Cloud Native
9 12 (0.85%) Data Structures
9 12 (0.85%) Greenfield Project
10 9 (0.64%) Embedded Systems
11 8 (0.57%) FPGA
11 8 (0.57%) Legacy Systems
12 7 (0.50%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 174 (12.37%) Linux
2 74 (5.26%) Windows
3 60 (4.26%) Unix
4 23 (1.63%) Android
5 15 (1.07%) Solaris
6 14 (1.00%) AIX
6 14 (1.00%) Apple iOS
7 8 (0.57%) CentOS
7 8 (0.57%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.43%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.36%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.36%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.21%) Alpine Linux
10 3 (0.21%) Amazon Linux
11 2 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.14%) VxWorks
11 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.071%) HPUX
12 1 (0.071%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 731 (51.95%) Agile
2 556 (39.52%) Test Automation
3 518 (36.82%) DevOps
4 244 (17.34%) Scrum
5 206 (14.64%) CI/CD
6 202 (14.36%) TDD
7 200 (14.21%) Test Strategy
8 193 (13.72%) Software Engineering
9 190 (13.50%) User Acceptance Testing
10 168 (11.94%) BDD
11 157 (11.16%) Test Scripting
12 155 (11.02%) SDLC
13 146 (10.38%) Functional Testing
14 144 (10.23%) Integration Testing
15 143 (10.16%) Microservices
16 134 (9.52%) SDET
17 126 (8.96%) Problem-Solving
18 125 (8.88%) User Stories
19 123 (8.74%) Stakeholder Management
20 115 (8.17%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 308 (21.89%) Java
2 277 (19.69%) SQL
3 260 (18.48%) Python
4 227 (16.13%) JavaScript
5 196 (13.93%) C#
6 82 (5.83%) C
7 76 (5.40%) C++
8 71 (5.05%) TypeScript
9 46 (3.27%) PowerShell
10 39 (2.77%) PL/SQL
11 38 (2.70%) Scala
12 28 (1.99%) Go
12 28 (1.99%) Groovy
13 21 (1.49%) Shell Script
13 21 (1.49%) VB.NET
14 20 (1.42%) MATLAB
15 19 (1.35%) Bash
16 17 (1.21%) Ada
17 14 (1.00%) Ada 95
18 12 (0.85%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 283 (20.11%) Security Cleared
2 233 (16.56%) SC Cleared
3 95 (6.75%) ISTQB
4 90 (6.40%) Degree
5 63 (4.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 43 (3.06%) ISEB
7 27 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
8 17 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (1.07%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.92%) Chartered Engineer
11 12 (0.85%) HND
11 12 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 11 (0.78%) DV Cleared
13 10 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (0.64%) Master's Degree
15 6 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 5 (0.36%) A+ Certification
16 5 (0.36%) HNC
16 5 (0.36%) MCSE
16 5 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 268 (19.05%) QA
2 57 (4.05%) Accessibility
3 20 (1.42%) WCAG
4 10 (0.71%) GDPR
5 9 (0.64%) SLA
6 6 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.36%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.28%) EMIR
9 3 (0.21%) IFRS
9 3 (0.21%) NIST
10 2 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.14%) GRC
10 2 (0.14%) GxP
10 2 (0.14%) HL7
10 2 (0.14%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.14%) ISO 20022
10 2 (0.14%) PMO
11 1 (0.071%) GMP
11 1 (0.071%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 150 (10.66%) Docker
2 19 (1.35%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
5 8 (0.57%) HDFS
6 7 (0.50%) VirtualBox
7 6 (0.43%) Microsoft App-V
8 5 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.28%) vSphere
10 3 (0.21%) vCloud
10 3 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.14%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 137 (9.74%) Kubernetes
2 59 (4.19%) Terraform
3 37 (2.63%) Ansible
4 23 (1.63%) HP ALM
4 23 (1.63%) HP Quality Center
4 23 (1.63%) SCCM
5 22 (1.56%) Puppet
6 12 (0.85%) Grafana
7 11 (0.78%) Consul
8 6 (0.43%) Kibana
8 6 (0.43%) Nagios
9 5 (0.36%) Data Guard
9 5 (0.36%) Oracle RMAN
9 5 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.21%) MOM
11 3 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.21%) Rancher
11 3 (0.21%) vCenter Server
11 3 (0.21%) vRealize
Vendors
1 159 (11.30%) Microsoft
2 96 (6.82%) Oracle
3 52 (3.70%) SAP
4 40 (2.84%) Google
5 30 (2.13%) IBM
6 25 (1.78%) HP
7 22 (1.56%) Red Hat
7 22 (1.56%) ServiceNow
8 21 (1.49%) VMware
9 17 (1.21%) Atlassian
10 16 (1.14%) Informatica
10 16 (1.14%) Mercator
11 12 (0.85%) ANSYS
12 10 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
13 8 (0.57%) Cloudera
13 8 (0.57%) Siemens
13 8 (0.57%) Splunk
14 7 (0.50%) Cisco
14 7 (0.50%) Sun
14 7 (0.50%) Telerik