Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 374 361 349
Rank change year-on-year -13 -12 -107
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 689 703 754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.67% 0.69% 0.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.78% 0.81% 0.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 399 406 470
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £348
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.91% -0.71%
10th Percentile £270 £225 £213
90th Percentile £575 £550 £495
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £341 £325
% change year-on-year +9.97% +4.92% -0.31%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 27 18
UK median hourly rate £40.81 £45.00 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.32% +30.43% +15.00%
10th Percentile £19.98 £37.30 £14.67
90th Percentile £51.25 £52.50 £48.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.81 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -9.32% +20.00% +27.12%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,793 86,888 90,031
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.35% 85.76% 85.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,734 57,736 59,329
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,323 2,092 2,466
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.70 £48.75 £48.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.38 £24.00 £22.92
% change year-on-year -10.94% +4.70% +1.88%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 599 £400 - 364
UK excluding London -4 452 £375 +9.97% 314
London -7 228 £443 -1.67% 73
South East +15 124 £375 +7.14% 75
North of England +4 90 £375 +3.45% 90
Scotland -1 65 £305 +7.77% 10
South West -13 64 £450 +63.64% 42
East of England -13 51 £400 +17.30% 34
Yorkshire +21 48 £370 -17.78% 45
Midlands -22 41 £385 +0.33% 51
North West -29 35 £363 +14.17% 35
West Midlands -28 24 £406 +6.91% 30
Wales -22 18 £375 +8.30% 7
East Midlands +5 16 £225 -41.94% 21
North East +5 7 £388 - 10

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 393 (57.04%) Test Automation
2 352 (51.09%) Agile Software Development
3 196 (28.45%) ISTQB
4 179 (25.98%) Selenium
5 174 (25.25%) Java
6 171 (24.82%) Scrum
7 170 (24.67%) QA
7 170 (24.67%) Test Scripting
8 153 (22.21%) SQL
9 135 (19.59%) Test Strategy
10 133 (19.30%) JIRA
11 109 (15.82%) BDD
12 107 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
13 106 (15.38%) ISEB
14 105 (15.24%) SDLC
15 103 (14.95%) Regression Testing
16 96 (13.93%) Microsoft
17 92 (13.35%) Cucumber
18 90 (13.06%) Functional Testing
19 89 (12.92%) Non-Functional Testing
20 88 (12.77%) Problem-Solving
21 87 (12.63%) Security Cleared
21 87 (12.63%) User Acceptance Testing
22 86 (12.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
23 85 (12.34%) C#
24 84 (12.19%) Windows
25 83 (12.05%) Web Services
26 82 (11.90%) JavaScript
26 82 (11.90%) DevOps
27 81 (11.76%) Finance

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.24%) Confluence
2 15 (2.18%) JBoss
3 14 (2.03%) CMS
4 11 (1.60%) Apache
4 11 (1.60%) Apache Spark
4 11 (1.60%) SharePoint
5 10 (1.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 8 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (0.73%) Documentum
7 5 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (0.73%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.44%) GlassFish
8 3 (0.44%) IIS
8 3 (0.44%) Luigi
8 3 (0.44%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.29%) Drupal
9 2 (0.29%) GemFire
10 1 (0.15%) OpenStack
Applications
1 14 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (1.02%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.73%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.58%) Simulink
6 3 (0.44%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.44%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 10 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.87%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.73%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.44%) Markit EDM
4 3 (0.44%) SAP CO
4 3 (0.44%) SAP FI
4 3 (0.44%) SAP FI/CO
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Payroll
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.29%) ResourceLink
5 2 (0.29%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.29%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.29%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle HRMS
6 1 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 50 (7.26%) Microsoft Azure
2 44 (6.39%) Amazon AWS
3 23 (3.34%) Office 365
4 14 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
4 14 (2.03%) Sauce Labs
5 12 (1.74%) AWS Lambda
5 12 (1.74%) Serverless
6 10 (1.45%) Amazon S3
7 9 (1.31%) AWS CloudFormation
8 7 (1.02%) GitHub
9 5 (0.73%) Dynamics 365
9 5 (0.73%) IaaS
9 5 (0.73%) PaaS
10 4 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
10 4 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (0.44%) BrowserStack
11 3 (0.44%) Google Cloud Platform
11 3 (0.44%) SuccessFactors
12 2 (0.29%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.77%) DNS
2 23 (3.34%) DHCP
3 20 (2.90%) HTTP
4 18 (2.61%) Internet
5 9 (1.31%) Wireless
6 6 (0.87%) FTP
7 5 (0.73%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.73%) SMS
7 5 (0.73%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.58%) LAN
8 4 (0.58%) WLAN
9 3 (0.44%) TCP/IP
10 2 (0.29%) Extranet
10 2 (0.29%) Firewall
10 2 (0.29%) Intranet
11 1 (0.15%) RFID
11 1 (0.15%) SAN
11 1 (0.15%) VoIP
11 1 (0.15%) VPN
11 1 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (6.24%) SQL Server
2 26 (3.77%) Relational Database
3 18 (2.61%) Big Data
3 18 (2.61%) PostgreSQL
4 15 (2.18%) MySQL
5 14 (2.03%) Hadoop
6 13 (1.89%) Amazon RDS
7 12 (1.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 11 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (1.60%) Pentaho
9 10 (1.45%) Apache Hive
10 9 (1.31%) Amazon Aurora
11 8 (1.16%) NoSQL
11 8 (1.16%) Oracle Reports
12 7 (1.02%) Impala
13 6 (0.87%) MongoDB
14 5 (0.73%) Geospatial Data
15 4 (0.58%) GIS
15 4 (0.58%) HBase
16 3 (0.44%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 179 (25.98%) Selenium
2 133 (19.30%) JIRA
3 92 (13.35%) Cucumber
4 71 (10.30%) Jenkins
5 70 (10.16%) SoapUI
6 66 (9.58%) Git (software)
7 63 (9.14%) WebDriver
8 61 (8.85%) JMeter
9 41 (5.95%) Team Foundation Server
10 37 (5.37%) JUnit
11 30 (4.35%) HP UFT
11 30 (4.35%) Visual Studio Team System
12 28 (4.06%) SpecFlow
13 26 (3.77%) LoadRunner
14 23 (3.34%) Visual Studio
15 21 (3.05%) Maven
16 20 (2.90%) WinRunner
17 19 (2.76%) Bitbucket
18 18 (2.61%) Subversion
19 17 (2.47%) MSBuild
General
1 81 (11.76%) Finance
2 28 (4.06%) Banking
3 19 (2.76%) Retail
4 16 (2.32%) Advertising
5 15 (2.18%) Manufacturing
6 12 (1.74%) Marketing
6 12 (1.74%) Telecoms
7 11 (1.60%) Legal
7 11 (1.60%) Pharmaceutical
8 8 (1.16%) Back Office
9 6 (0.87%) Automotive
10 5 (0.73%) Electronics
10 5 (0.73%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.73%) Publishing
11 4 (0.58%) Billing
11 4 (0.58%) Law
11 4 (0.58%) Military
12 3 (0.44%) Front Office
12 3 (0.44%) Games
13 2 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 163 (23.66%) Analyst
2 147 (21.34%) Test Analyst
3 140 (20.32%) Tester
4 87 (12.63%) Developer
4 87 (12.63%) Test Engineer
5 49 (7.11%) Automation Tester
6 41 (5.95%) Test Manager
7 34 (4.93%) Java Engineer
8 33 (4.79%) Test Automation Engineer
9 32 (4.64%) Test Leader
10 26 (3.77%) Java Developer
11 23 (3.34%) Software Engineer
11 23 (3.34%) Software Tester
12 22 (3.19%) QA Engineer
13 21 (3.05%) Agile Tester
13 21 (3.05%) Automation Engineer
13 21 (3.05%) QA Tester
14 19 (2.76%) QA Analyst
14 19 (2.76%) Software Analyst
15 17 (2.47%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (12.05%) Web Services
2 59 (8.56%) .NET
3 57 (8.27%) HTML
3 57 (8.27%) XML
4 50 (7.26%) SOAP
5 38 (5.52%) REST
6 35 (5.08%) CSS
7 27 (3.92%) J2EE
8 26 (3.77%) Middleware
9 24 (3.48%) Gherkin
10 23 (3.34%) Node.js
11 21 (3.05%) RESTful
12 19 (2.76%) JAXB
13 17 (2.47%) AngularJS
14 16 (2.32%) JPA
14 16 (2.32%) JSF
15 15 (2.18%) EJB
15 15 (2.18%) Hibernate
15 15 (2.18%) XSD
15 15 (2.18%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 80 (11.61%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (4.06%) Computer Science
2 28 (4.06%) Mobile App
3 24 (3.48%) Self-Motivation
4 20 (2.90%) Clustering
4 20 (2.90%) PDA
5 15 (2.18%) User Experience
6 12 (1.74%) Client/Server
7 11 (1.60%) Management Information System
8 9 (1.31%) Greenfield Project
8 9 (1.31%) Public Cloud
9 8 (1.16%) NHS
9 8 (1.16%) Virtual Team
10 7 (1.02%) Blog
10 7 (1.02%) Data Centre
10 7 (1.02%) PKI
11 6 (0.87%) Algorithms
11 6 (0.87%) Fintech
12 5 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
12 5 (0.73%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 84 (12.19%) Windows
2 75 (10.89%) Linux
3 42 (6.10%) Unix
4 25 (3.63%) Windows 7
4 25 (3.63%) Windows Server 2008
5 22 (3.19%) Windows Server 2003
6 20 (2.90%) AIX
7 18 (2.61%) Apple iOS
8 16 (2.32%) Windows Server
9 13 (1.89%) Android
10 7 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.73%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.73%) Windows XP
12 4 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.29%) Nucleus RTOS
13 2 (0.29%) SafeRTOS
13 2 (0.29%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.29%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 393 (57.04%) Test Automation
2 352 (51.09%) Agile Software Development
3 171 (24.82%) Scrum
4 170 (24.67%) Test Scripting
5 135 (19.59%) Test Strategy
6 109 (15.82%) BDD
7 107 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
8 105 (15.24%) SDLC
9 103 (14.95%) Regression Testing
10 90 (13.06%) Functional Testing
11 89 (12.92%) Non-Functional Testing
12 88 (12.77%) Problem-Solving
13 87 (12.63%) User Acceptance Testing
14 82 (11.90%) DevOps
15 76 (11.03%) TDD
16 73 (10.60%) Software Engineering
17 67 (9.72%) Performance Testing
18 62 (9.00%) Open Source
18 62 (9.00%) User Stories
19 60 (8.71%) Test Management
Programming Languages
1 174 (25.25%) Java
2 153 (22.21%) SQL
3 85 (12.34%) C#
4 82 (11.90%) JavaScript
5 73 (10.60%) Python
6 43 (6.24%) C
7 27 (3.92%) C++
8 17 (2.47%) PHP
9 16 (2.32%) TypeScript
10 14 (2.03%) Ruby
11 12 (1.74%) ES6
12 10 (1.45%) T-SQL
13 9 (1.31%) Embedded C
13 9 (1.31%) Perl
14 7 (1.02%) Apple Swift
14 7 (1.02%) Groovy
14 7 (1.02%) VB
15 6 (0.87%) PL/SQL
15 6 (0.87%) VBScript
16 5 (0.73%) Jython
Qualifications
1 196 (28.45%) ISTQB
2 106 (15.38%) ISEB
3 87 (12.63%) Security Cleared
4 86 (12.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 80 (11.61%) Degree
6 62 (9.00%) SC Cleared
7 17 (2.47%) DV Cleared
8 15 (2.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 9 (1.31%) ISEB Practitioner
10 7 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
11 5 (0.73%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.73%) HNC
11 5 (0.73%) HND
12 4 (0.58%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 3 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
14 2 (0.29%) APMP
14 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.29%) Six Sigma Black Belt
14 2 (0.29%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (24.67%) QA
2 9 (1.31%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.02%) 21 CFR Part 11
3 7 (1.02%) PMO
4 6 (0.87%) GDPR
5 5 (0.73%) GMP
6 4 (0.58%) SLA
7 2 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.29%) GAMP
7 2 (0.29%) GxP
7 2 (0.29%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.29%) MISRA
7 2 (0.29%) MISRA C
8 1 (0.15%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.15%) ISO 26262
8 1 (0.15%) PSD2
System Software
1 31 (4.50%) Active Directory
2 29 (4.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (3.77%) Docker
4 23 (3.34%) Virtual Desktop
5 20 (2.90%) Hyper-V
5 20 (2.90%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.87%) Microsoft App-V
6 6 (0.87%) XenApp
7 4 (0.58%) HDFS
8 2 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.29%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.15%) IAG
Systems Management
1 39 (5.66%) HP ALM
2 37 (5.37%) HP Quality Center
3 19 (2.76%) McAfee ePO
4 15 (2.18%) Puppet
5 13 (1.89%) SCCM
6 12 (1.74%) Ansible
7 8 (1.16%) Kibana
7 8 (1.16%) logstash
8 5 (0.73%) Kubernetes
9 4 (0.58%) BladeLogic
9 4 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.58%) Netcool
9 4 (0.58%) Oozie
10 2 (0.29%) Nagios
10 2 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.29%) Rancher
11 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.15%) Mesos
11 1 (0.15%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.15%) SCOM
Vendors
1 96 (13.93%) Microsoft
2 71 (10.30%) Oracle
3 55 (7.98%) HP
4 36 (5.22%) VMware
5 28 (4.06%) Citrix
6 25 (3.63%) Ivanti
7 20 (2.90%) McAfee
7 20 (2.90%) Veritas
8 17 (2.47%) Atlassian
9 15 (2.18%) SAP
10 10 (1.45%) Adobe
10 10 (1.45%) IBM
11 8 (1.16%) Pega
12 7 (1.02%) SolarWinds
13 6 (0.87%) Apple
13 6 (0.87%) Hortonworks
13 6 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
13 6 (0.87%) Splunk
14 5 (0.73%) Micro Focus
14 5 (0.73%) Red Hat