Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
England > London
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 63 112
Rank change year-on-year -6 +49 +70
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,430 622 816
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.76% 3.85% 2.35%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.82% 10.63% 6.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,059 511 585
10th Percentile £430 £406 £413
25th Percentile £488 £450 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £555 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +0.91% - -
75th Percentile £688 £663 £625
90th Percentile £725 £750 £700
England median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 9
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £35.00 " £66.25
Median hourly rate £48.00 £66.50 £72.50
Median % change year-on-year -27.82% -8.28% -
75th Percentile £77.69 " £78.75
90th Percentile £106.83 " "
England median hourly rate £47.00 £74.25 £72.50
% change year-on-year -36.70% +2.41% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,558 5,853 11,687
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.30% 36.19% 33.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,763 4,333 8,490
10th Percentile £388 £331 £319
25th Percentile £469 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £669 £613 £613
90th Percentile £738 £700 £694
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 105 16 91
10th Percentile £13.88 £20.50 £16.25
25th Percentile £19.97 £22.44 £18.73
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.63 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year +1.52% +14.53% +14.61%
75th Percentile £53.75 £43.44 £36.70
90th Percentile £73.34 £59.00 £78.75
England median hourly rate £20.92 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -7.01% +9.76% +17.14%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in London

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in London.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in London

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in London

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in London.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in London

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in London

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the London region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 132 £600 +9.09% 113
South London +6 16 £550 +8.91% 3
West London -23 7 £550 -12.00% 14
East London - 2 £704 - 21
North London - 2 £800 - 6
Serverless
England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,084 (75.80%) AWS
2 827 (57.83%) AWS Lambda
3 683 (47.76%) Agile Software Development
4 526 (36.78%) Azure
5 525 (36.71%) DevOps
6 476 (33.29%) Python
7 468 (32.73%) JavaScript
7 468 (32.73%) Terraform
8 444 (31.05%) Kubernetes
9 439 (30.70%) Software Engineering
10 429 (30.00%) Docker
11 422 (29.51%) Finance
12 411 (28.74%) React
13 406 (28.39%) Full Stack Development
14 394 (27.55%) Node.js
15 388 (27.13%) Amazon S3
16 370 (25.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 367 (25.66%) TypeScript
18 311 (21.75%) Microservices
19 309 (21.61%) Java
20 289 (20.21%) Azure Functions
21 288 (20.14%) SQL
22 278 (19.44%) Web Services
23 255 (17.83%) Amazon SQS
24 236 (16.50%) Amazon RDS
25 233 (16.29%) Asset Management
26 229 (16.01%) Front Office
27 223 (15.59%) Infrastructure as Code
28 207 (14.48%) AWS CloudFormation
29 202 (14.13%) AWS Step Functions

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (5.45%) Apache Spark
2 59 (4.13%) Apache Airflow
3 43 (3.01%) Apache
4 39 (2.73%) Confluence
5 35 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
6 25 (1.75%) BizTalk Server
6 25 (1.75%) Luigi
7 24 (1.68%) SharePoint
8 15 (1.05%) CMS
8 15 (1.05%) nginx
9 10 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 9 (0.63%) Camunda
10 9 (0.63%) Jupyter
11 8 (0.56%) Apache Pig
12 6 (0.42%) NServiceBus
13 5 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
13 5 (0.35%) Headless CMS
14 4 (0.28%) IIS
14 4 (0.28%) WebLogic
15 3 (0.21%) Traefik
Applications
1 7 (0.49%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.070%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.070%) InfoPath
3 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.21%) Magento
5 2 (0.14%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.070%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,084 (75.80%) AWS
2 827 (57.83%) AWS Lambda
3 526 (36.78%) Azure
4 388 (27.13%) Amazon S3
5 289 (20.21%) Azure Functions
6 255 (17.83%) Amazon SQS
7 207 (14.48%) AWS CloudFormation
8 202 (14.13%) AWS Step Functions
9 179 (12.52%) Amazon EC2
10 160 (11.19%) PaaS
11 158 (11.05%) GCP
12 107 (7.48%) Amazon ECS
13 105 (7.34%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 103 (7.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 103 (7.20%) IaaS
15 102 (7.13%) GitHub
16 76 (5.31%) Azure Logic Apps
17 71 (4.97%) SaaS
18 69 (4.83%) Azure Data Factory
19 65 (4.55%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.96%) HTTP
2 20 (1.40%) DNS
2 20 (1.40%) Firewall
3 11 (0.77%) VPN
4 10 (0.70%) AMQP
4 10 (0.70%) HTTPS
5 7 (0.49%) DHCP
5 7 (0.49%) Internet
5 7 (0.49%) Network Security
6 6 (0.42%) Broadband
7 5 (0.35%) 5G
7 5 (0.35%) VoIP
8 4 (0.28%) Intranet
9 3 (0.21%) LAN
9 3 (0.21%) WAN
10 2 (0.14%) Extranet
10 2 (0.14%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.14%) SAN
10 2 (0.14%) SSL
10 2 (0.14%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 370 (25.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 236 (16.50%) Amazon RDS
3 121 (8.46%) NoSQL
4 106 (7.41%) Big Data
5 87 (6.08%) Data Lake
6 84 (5.87%) MongoDB
7 78 (5.45%) Azure SQL Database
8 71 (4.97%) Amazon Athena
9 70 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
10 64 (4.48%) Data Warehouse
11 60 (4.20%) SQL Server
12 49 (3.43%) Amazon Redshift
13 47 (3.29%) Hadoop
14 44 (3.08%) Apache Cassandra
15 40 (2.80%) Power BI
16 38 (2.66%) Redis
17 35 (2.45%) Relational Database
18 31 (2.17%) Metadata
19 27 (1.89%) MySQL
20 25 (1.75%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 167 (11.68%) Jenkins
2 147 (10.28%) Git (software)
3 89 (6.22%) JIRA
4 67 (4.69%) GitLab
5 47 (3.29%) Bitbucket
6 43 (3.01%) Maven
7 35 (2.45%) webpack
8 34 (2.38%) CircleCI
9 27 (1.89%) Cypress.io
9 27 (1.89%) Gradle
10 25 (1.75%) Mocha
10 25 (1.75%) TeamCity
11 21 (1.47%) JMeter
12 20 (1.40%) Cucumber
13 18 (1.26%) JUnit
14 17 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
15 15 (1.05%) PowerDesigner
16 14 (0.98%) Postman
17 13 (0.91%) kappa
17 13 (0.91%) Selenium
General
1 422 (29.51%) Finance
2 229 (16.01%) Front Office
3 199 (13.92%) Social Skills
4 58 (4.06%) Banking
5 54 (3.78%) Analytical Skills
6 42 (2.94%) Public Sector
7 39 (2.73%) Presentation Skills
8 31 (2.17%) Legal
9 30 (2.10%) Retail
10 23 (1.61%) Marketing
11 20 (1.40%) Law
12 19 (1.33%) Financial Institution
13 16 (1.12%) Back Office
14 12 (0.84%) Investment Banking
14 12 (0.84%) Telecoms
15 11 (0.77%) Publishing
16 8 (0.56%) Manufacturing
16 8 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
17 7 (0.49%) Influencing Skills
17 7 (0.49%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 535 (37.41%) Developer
2 275 (19.23%) Software Engineer
3 238 (16.64%) AWS Engineer
4 198 (13.85%) Architect
5 142 (9.93%) React Developer
6 141 (9.86%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 117 (8.18%) DevOps Engineer
8 111 (7.76%) Data Engineer
9 103 (7.20%) AWS Developer
10 99 (6.92%) JavaScript Engineer
11 96 (6.71%) Full Stack Developer
12 93 (6.50%) AWS Software Engineer
13 91 (6.36%) Python Engineer
14 85 (5.94%) Node.js Developer
15 82 (5.73%) Azure Engineer
16 79 (5.52%) Python Developer
17 72 (5.03%) Java Developer
18 70 (4.90%) Solutions Architect
19 68 (4.76%) AWS DevOps
19 68 (4.76%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 411 (28.74%) React
2 394 (27.55%) Node.js
3 278 (19.44%) Web Services
4 178 (12.45%) Material-UI
5 175 (12.24%) .NET
6 118 (8.25%) Kafka
7 106 (7.41%) AngularJS
8 90 (6.29%) REST
9 84 (5.87%) GraphQL
10 81 (5.66%) RESTful
11 74 (5.17%) CSS
12 70 (4.90%) ARM Templates
13 65 (4.55%) Vue.js
14 63 (4.41%) .NET Core
15 57 (3.99%) HTML
16 51 (3.57%) Spring
17 39 (2.73%) Jest
18 35 (2.45%) Express
18 35 (2.45%) JSON
18 35 (2.45%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 110 (7.69%) Cloud Native
2 65 (4.55%) Greenfield Project
3 54 (3.78%) Equities
4 52 (3.64%) Derivative
4 52 (3.64%) Fixed Income
5 49 (3.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 44 (3.08%) Public Cloud
7 33 (2.31%) Legacy Systems
8 31 (2.17%) Data Structures
9 25 (1.75%) Data Protection Act
10 24 (1.68%) Algorithms
11 22 (1.54%) Data Centre
11 22 (1.54%) Hybrid Cloud
12 20 (1.40%) Hedge funds
13 19 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
14 16 (1.12%) Mobile App
14 16 (1.12%) Tandem
15 15 (1.05%) Management Information System
15 15 (1.05%) User Experience
15 15 (1.05%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 87 (6.08%) Windows
2 82 (5.73%) Linux
3 16 (1.12%) Unix
4 9 (0.63%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.56%) Android
6 7 (0.49%) Windows 10
6 7 (0.49%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
9 3 (0.21%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.14%) Debian
10 2 (0.14%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 683 (47.76%) Agile Software Development
2 525 (36.71%) DevOps
3 439 (30.70%) Software Engineering
4 406 (28.39%) Full Stack Development
5 311 (21.75%) Microservices
6 233 (16.29%) Asset Management
7 223 (15.59%) Infrastructure as Code
8 165 (11.54%) Investment Management
9 128 (8.95%) Analytics
10 110 (7.69%) Test Automation
11 99 (6.92%) TDD
12 88 (6.15%) Scrum
13 83 (5.80%) Continuous Integration
14 81 (5.66%) Data Engineering
15 78 (5.45%) SDLC
16 74 (5.17%) Migration
17 70 (4.90%) Continuous Delivery
17 70 (4.90%) OO
18 65 (4.55%) E-Commerce
19 63 (4.41%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 476 (33.29%) Python
2 468 (32.73%) JavaScript
3 367 (25.66%) TypeScript
4 309 (21.61%) Java
5 288 (20.14%) SQL
6 159 (11.12%) C#
7 101 (7.06%) PowerShell
8 64 (4.48%) Bash Shell
9 63 (4.41%) Kotlin
10 60 (4.20%) Scala
11 53 (3.71%) Go
12 48 (3.36%) T-SQL
13 44 (3.08%) C++
13 44 (3.08%) Java 8
14 33 (2.31%) PL/SQL
15 24 (1.68%) Java 11
16 21 (1.47%) C
17 19 (1.33%) PHP
18 18 (1.26%) Ruby
19 17 (1.19%) ES6
Qualifications
1 63 (4.41%) Degree
2 61 (4.27%) AWS Certification
2 61 (4.27%) Security Cleared
3 57 (3.99%) SC Cleared
4 27 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (1.12%) PhD
6 15 (1.05%) CISSP
7 9 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.35%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 4 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.21%) CCSP
11 2 (0.14%) CISA
11 2 (0.14%) CRISC
11 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.14%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.070%) FFIEC
12 1 (0.070%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (3.92%) QA
2 46 (3.22%) Data Quality
3 34 (2.38%) GDPR
4 14 (0.98%) Accessibility
5 12 (0.84%) NIST
6 9 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.63%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.35%) NIST 800
8 4 (0.28%) SOC 2
9 2 (0.14%) COBIT
9 2 (0.14%) GRC
9 2 (0.14%) NCSC
9 2 (0.14%) SLA
10 1 (0.070%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.070%) GLBA
10 1 (0.070%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.070%) IFRS
10 1 (0.070%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 429 (30.00%) Docker
2 46 (3.22%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.14%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.14%) Varnish
4 2 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.070%) KVM
5 1 (0.070%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.070%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 468 (32.73%) Terraform
2 444 (31.05%) Kubernetes
3 69 (4.83%) Ansible
4 34 (2.38%) Puppet
5 20 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (1.40%) Prometheus
6 16 (1.12%) Grafana
7 14 (0.98%) Packer
8 8 (0.56%) Kibana
9 7 (0.49%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 7 (0.49%) Microsoft Intune
10 4 (0.28%) Consul
10 4 (0.28%) Istio
10 4 (0.28%) Pingdom
10 4 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.21%) Control-M
11 3 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.21%) Rancher
12 2 (0.14%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.14%) Oozie
Vendors
1 108 (7.55%) Microsoft
2 103 (7.20%) Databricks
3 51 (3.57%) Oracle
4 45 (3.15%) MuleSoft
5 38 (2.66%) Google
6 17 (1.19%) Cloudera
6 17 (1.19%) Red Hat
6 17 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
7 16 (1.12%) BiZZdesign
8 15 (1.05%) CA
9 12 (0.84%) New Relic
10 11 (0.77%) Adobe
10 11 (0.77%) SAP
11 10 (0.70%) Informatica
11 10 (0.70%) Splunk
12 9 (0.63%) Charles River
12 9 (0.63%) Pega
13 8 (0.56%) VMware
14 6 (0.42%) Confluent
15 5 (0.35%) Alibaba