Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
England > London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 131 192
Rank change year-on-year +20 +61 +3
Contract jobs citing PaaS 888 296 509
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.46% 2.07% 1.40%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.45% 5.85% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 626 216 332
10th Percentile £438 £413 £425
25th Percentile £513 £475 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £544 £575
Median % change year-on-year +5.75% -5.43% +4.55%
75th Percentile £700 £625 £675
90th Percentile £750 £691 £738
England median daily rate £550 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
10th Percentile £40.15 " "
25th Percentile £47.88 " £48.50
Median hourly rate £61.50 - £52.00
75th Percentile £63.63 " £55.50
90th Percentile £64.45 " "
England median hourly rate £61.50 £14.00 £80.00
% change year-on-year +339.29% -82.50% +33.70%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,766 5,064 12,027
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.07% 35.38% 32.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,190 3,758 8,832
10th Percentile £381 £350 £325
25th Percentile £463 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.94%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £613
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 10 84
10th Percentile £13.38 £14.76 £16.25
25th Percentile £20.00 £20.25 £19.69
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +7.14% +10.53%
75th Percentile £51.00 £39.25 £25.25
90th Percentile £65.00 £46.30 £44.70
England median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -22 87 £575 +6.48% 68
West London +3 28 £700 +12.00% 18
South London - 8 £563 - 4
East London -11 2 £465 -31.11% 14
PaaS
England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 591 (66.55%) Azure
2 499 (56.19%) IaaS
3 450 (50.68%) DevOps
4 278 (31.31%) SaaS
5 269 (30.29%) AWS
6 268 (30.18%) Agile Software Development
7 262 (29.50%) Kubernetes
8 254 (28.60%) Terraform
9 207 (23.31%) Microsoft
10 200 (22.52%) Docker
11 193 (21.73%) Infrastructure as Code
12 181 (20.38%) Social Skills
13 167 (18.81%) SQL
14 161 (18.13%) Finance
15 160 (18.02%) PowerShell
16 158 (17.79%) Microservices
16 158 (17.79%) Serverless
17 155 (17.45%) Windows
18 151 (17.00%) Linux
19 146 (16.44%) Python
20 142 (15.99%) Ansible
21 139 (15.65%) Migration
22 125 (14.08%) Jenkins
23 110 (12.39%) Java
24 109 (12.27%) .NET
25 108 (12.16%) C#
26 104 (11.71%) SQL Server
27 100 (11.26%) Bash Shell
28 99 (11.15%) GCP
29 91 (10.25%) Git (software)

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (3.60%) SharePoint
2 24 (2.70%) Confluence
3 20 (2.25%) OpenStack
4 19 (2.14%) IIS
5 18 (2.03%) Apache Spark
6 15 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (1.58%) Tomcat
8 10 (1.13%) Apache
8 10 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
9 9 (1.01%) JBoss
9 9 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 8 (0.90%) nginx
11 7 (0.79%) CMS
11 7 (0.79%) WebLogic
12 6 (0.68%) WebSphere
13 3 (0.34%) Camunda
13 3 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
14 2 (0.23%) Drupal
14 2 (0.23%) SAS
15 1 (0.11%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 8 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
1 8 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.68%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (0.90%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.68%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.45%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.11%) Cerner Millennium
6 1 (0.11%) Magento
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.11%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.11%) Shopify
6 1 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 591 (66.55%) Azure
2 499 (56.19%) IaaS
3 278 (31.31%) SaaS
4 269 (30.29%) AWS
5 158 (17.79%) Serverless
6 99 (11.15%) GCP
7 91 (10.25%) GitHub
8 81 (9.12%) Azure Functions
9 62 (6.98%) AWS CloudFormation
10 57 (6.42%) Microsoft 365
11 53 (5.97%) Azure Active Directory
12 47 (5.29%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 33 (3.72%) AWS Lambda
14 32 (3.60%) Azure Service Bus
14 32 (3.60%) Cloud Computing
15 28 (3.15%) Azure Key Vault
16 27 (3.04%) Azure Data Factory
17 23 (2.59%) Azure Logic Apps
17 23 (2.59%) Power Platform
18 19 (2.14%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 85 (9.57%) Firewall
2 40 (4.50%) Network Security
3 34 (3.83%) VPN
4 31 (3.49%) Internet
5 29 (3.27%) TCP/IP
5 29 (3.27%) WAN
6 28 (3.15%) DNS
6 28 (3.15%) SSL
7 18 (2.03%) HTTP
8 16 (1.80%) IPsec
8 16 (1.80%) LAN
9 13 (1.46%) IKE
10 12 (1.35%) BGP
10 12 (1.35%) Wireless
11 11 (1.24%) SAN
12 10 (1.13%) Kerberos
12 10 (1.13%) OSPF
13 9 (1.01%) Intranet
14 8 (0.90%) DMZ
15 6 (0.68%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (11.71%) SQL Server
2 77 (8.67%) NoSQL
3 56 (6.31%) Azure SQL Database
4 50 (5.63%) Big Data
5 40 (4.50%) Data Lake
6 37 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (3.15%) Relational Database
8 27 (3.04%) MongoDB
9 25 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
10 24 (2.70%) MySQL
11 19 (2.14%) Hadoop
12 18 (2.03%) BigQuery
13 17 (1.91%) Amazon RDS
14 16 (1.80%) Power BI
15 14 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 14 (1.58%) RDBMS
16 13 (1.46%) Tableau
17 12 (1.35%) DB2
18 11 (1.24%) Redis
18 11 (1.24%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 125 (14.08%) Jenkins
2 91 (10.25%) Git (software)
3 42 (4.73%) JIRA
4 41 (4.62%) Maven
5 36 (4.05%) TeamCity
6 29 (3.27%) Sonatype Nexus
7 28 (3.15%) Gradle
8 25 (2.82%) Subversion
9 24 (2.70%) Selenium
10 21 (2.36%) Bitbucket
11 19 (2.14%) Cucumber
12 18 (2.03%) SonarQube
13 15 (1.69%) Artifactory
14 14 (1.58%) GitLab
15 11 (1.24%) Robot Framework
16 10 (1.13%) PowerDesigner
17 9 (1.01%) Postman
17 9 (1.01%) Visual Studio
18 8 (0.90%) Locust
19 6 (0.68%) Eclipse
General
1 181 (20.38%) Social Skills
2 161 (18.13%) Finance
3 58 (6.53%) Analytical Skills
4 44 (4.95%) Banking
5 42 (4.73%) Public Sector
6 38 (4.28%) Telecoms
7 33 (3.72%) Retail
8 29 (3.27%) Marketing
9 25 (2.82%) Legal
10 24 (2.70%) Presentation Skills
11 19 (2.14%) Games
11 19 (2.14%) Manufacturing
12 18 (2.03%) Financial Institution
13 17 (1.91%) Documentation Skills
13 17 (1.91%) Electronics
14 15 (1.69%) Influencing Skills
14 15 (1.69%) Law
15 8 (0.90%) Front Office
16 6 (0.68%) Investment Banking
17 3 (0.34%) Billing
Job Titles
1 280 (31.53%) Architect
2 145 (16.33%) Azure Engineer
3 129 (14.53%) DevOps Engineer
4 112 (12.61%) Developer
5 109 (12.27%) Azure Architect
6 89 (10.02%) Solutions Architect
7 79 (8.90%) Cloud Architect
8 58 (6.53%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 51 (5.74%) Azure DevOps
10 46 (5.18%) Cloud Engineer
11 44 (4.95%) Azure Developer
12 35 (3.94%) Security Engineer
13 34 (3.83%) AWS Engineer
14 30 (3.38%) .NET Developer
14 30 (3.38%) C# Developer
14 30 (3.38%) Consultant
14 30 (3.38%) Senior DevOps
15 29 (3.27%) Data Architect
16 28 (3.15%) AWS Architect
16 28 (3.15%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (12.27%) .NET
2 61 (6.87%) Web Services
3 52 (5.86%) Kafka
4 51 (5.74%) ASP.NET
5 48 (5.41%) REST
6 46 (5.18%) ARM Templates
7 41 (4.62%) .NET Core
8 38 (4.28%) CSS
9 36 (4.05%) .NET Framework
9 36 (4.05%) AngularJS
10 34 (3.83%) HTML
11 31 (3.49%) JSON
11 31 (3.49%) OAuth
12 29 (3.27%) React
13 25 (2.82%) Node.js
14 23 (2.59%) RESTful
14 23 (2.59%) Spring Boot
15 22 (2.48%) YAML
16 20 (2.25%) ASP.NET Web API
16 20 (2.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 88 (9.91%) Public Cloud
2 71 (8.00%) Cloud Native
3 54 (6.08%) Data Centre
4 39 (4.39%) Hybrid Cloud
5 31 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
6 28 (3.15%) Data Protection Act
7 25 (2.82%) Private Cloud
8 23 (2.59%) Management Information System
9 21 (2.36%) User Experience
10 20 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
11 19 (2.14%) Enterprise Cloud
12 18 (2.03%) Data Structures
12 18 (2.03%) Hedge funds
12 18 (2.03%) PKI
13 13 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
14 12 (1.35%) Legacy Applications
15 11 (1.24%) Virtual Team
16 9 (1.01%) Clustering
16 9 (1.01%) Market Risk
16 9 (1.01%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 155 (17.45%) Windows
2 151 (17.00%) Linux
3 41 (4.62%) Unix
4 27 (3.04%) Windows Server
5 13 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 12 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 11 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
8 9 (1.01%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (0.68%) Debian
10 5 (0.56%) Solaris
10 5 (0.56%) VMS
10 5 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.45%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.34%) AIX
12 3 (0.34%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.23%) CentOS
13 2 (0.23%) SUSE
14 1 (0.11%) Android
14 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 450 (50.68%) DevOps
2 268 (30.18%) Agile Software Development
3 193 (21.73%) Infrastructure as Code
4 158 (17.79%) Microservices
5 139 (15.65%) Migration
6 88 (9.91%) Analytics
7 78 (8.78%) Scrum
8 67 (7.55%) Continuous Integration
9 65 (7.32%) Problem-Solving
10 64 (7.21%) Test Automation
11 60 (6.76%) Open Source
12 59 (6.64%) Data Protection
13 58 (6.53%) Configuration Management
14 52 (5.86%) Business Intelligence
14 52 (5.86%) Release Management
15 51 (5.74%) Stakeholder Management
16 50 (5.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 49 (5.52%) Deployment Automation
18 48 (5.41%) Kanban
18 48 (5.41%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 167 (18.81%) SQL
2 160 (18.02%) PowerShell
3 146 (16.44%) Python
4 110 (12.39%) Java
5 108 (12.16%) C#
6 100 (11.26%) Bash Shell
7 88 (9.91%) JavaScript
8 39 (4.39%) Go
9 31 (3.49%) Ruby
10 25 (2.82%) Groovy
11 22 (2.48%) PHP
12 17 (1.91%) C
13 14 (1.58%) T-SQL
14 12 (1.35%) TypeScript
15 11 (1.24%) C++
15 11 (1.24%) Perl
16 10 (1.13%) Shell Script
17 8 (0.90%) Java 11
17 8 (0.90%) PL/SQL
18 7 (0.79%) Scala
Qualifications
1 66 (7.43%) Security Cleared
2 59 (6.64%) SC Cleared
3 38 (4.28%) Degree
4 21 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.35%) AWS Certification
5 12 (1.35%) Cisco Certification
6 11 (1.24%) CISSP
7 10 (1.13%) Microsoft Certification
8 8 (0.90%) TOGAF Certification
9 7 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.68%) CCIE
11 5 (0.56%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 5 (0.56%) APMP
12 3 (0.34%) CCSP
12 3 (0.34%) CISA
12 3 (0.34%) CISM
12 3 (0.34%) ISEB
12 3 (0.34%) ISTQB
13 2 (0.23%) CEH
13 2 (0.23%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (4.28%) GDPR
2 26 (2.93%) QA
3 15 (1.69%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 15 (1.69%) SLA
4 13 (1.46%) NIST
5 12 (1.35%) Data Quality
6 9 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.68%) SOC 2
8 5 (0.56%) COBIT
8 5 (0.56%) FedRAMP
9 4 (0.45%) NCSC
10 3 (0.34%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.34%) PMO
11 2 (0.23%) GRC
12 1 (0.11%) Accessibility
12 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.11%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.11%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 200 (22.52%) Docker
2 87 (9.80%) Active Directory
3 44 (4.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (2.14%) vCloud
5 17 (1.91%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (1.58%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (1.46%) VMware Workstation
8 7 (0.79%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (0.79%) VMware NSX
9 3 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.34%) NFS
9 3 (0.34%) Veritas File System
9 3 (0.34%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 2 (0.23%) LXC
10 2 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.23%) XenApp
10 2 (0.23%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.11%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.11%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.11%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 262 (29.50%) Kubernetes
2 254 (28.60%) Terraform
3 142 (15.99%) Ansible
4 33 (3.72%) Puppet
5 22 (2.48%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (1.58%) BladeLogic
7 13 (1.46%) ITRS Geneos
8 10 (1.13%) Netcool
9 9 (1.01%) Prometheus
10 8 (0.90%) Grafana
10 8 (0.90%) QRadar
10 8 (0.90%) SCCM
10 8 (0.90%) ZABBIX
11 7 (0.79%) Control-M
11 7 (0.79%) EMC NetWorker
11 7 (0.79%) Tivoli
11 7 (0.79%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 6 (0.68%) Fluentd
12 6 (0.68%) HAProxy
12 6 (0.68%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 207 (23.31%) Microsoft
2 85 (9.57%) VMware
3 77 (8.67%) Oracle
4 60 (6.76%) Databricks
5 56 (6.31%) Google
6 49 (5.52%) Splunk
7 34 (3.83%) SAP
8 32 (3.60%) ServiceNow
9 29 (3.27%) Cisco
9 29 (3.27%) CyberArk
10 28 (3.15%) Salesforce.com
11 24 (2.70%) IBM
12 23 (2.59%) Red Hat
13 20 (2.25%) CA
14 18 (2.03%) AppDynamics
15 14 (1.58%) MuleSoft
16 13 (1.46%) BiZZdesign
16 13 (1.46%) Citrix
17 10 (1.13%) Qualys
18 9 (1.01%) BMC