Period
to 28 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 28 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
England > London
6 months to
28 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 136 171 172
Rank change year-on-year +35 +1 +78
Contract jobs citing PaaS 321 533 772
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.01% 1.52% 1.66%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.62% 4.55% 6.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 253 343 530
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £406 £425 £410
90th Percentile £688 £738 £701
England median daily rate £525 £550 £538
% change year-on-year -4.55% +2.33% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £59.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.54% -27.30% +74.14%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £72.50 £59.84
% change year-on-year -51.72% +21.17% +70.96%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 5,709 11,708 12,654
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.81% 33.39% 27.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,963 8,360 9,378
Median daily rate £520 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.95% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £331 £319 £325
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £495 £500 £488
% change year-on-year -1.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 114 77
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.72 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +54.08% +19.55% -11.63%
10th Percentile £22.59 £17.57 £12.50
90th Percentile £70.00 £78.75 £75.77
Median hourly rate £27.50 £22.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% +25.71% -14.63%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in London over the 6 months to 28 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 28 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +97 64 £525 -4.55% 27
West London +42 8 £630 +32.63% 5
East London +33 2 £675 -5.26% 4
South London +30 1 £425 -26.09% 5
North London +13 1 £625 - 1
PaaS
England

For the 6 months to 28 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 200 (62.31%) Azure
2 178 (55.45%) IaaS
3 164 (51.09%) DevOps
4 100 (31.15%) SaaS
5 99 (30.84%) AWS
6 97 (30.22%) Agile Software Development
7 84 (26.17%) Finance
8 81 (25.23%) Terraform
9 78 (24.30%) Kubernetes
10 73 (22.74%) GCP
11 70 (21.81%) Microsoft
12 69 (21.50%) Windows
13 65 (20.25%) Java
14 59 (18.38%) Docker
15 57 (17.76%) Linux
16 54 (16.82%) Python
16 54 (16.82%) Microservices
17 53 (16.51%) Jenkins
18 49 (15.26%) Active Directory
19 47 (14.64%) Google
20 45 (14.02%) Continuous Integration
20 45 (14.02%) SQL
20 45 (14.02%) .NET
21 43 (13.40%) Firewall
21 43 (13.40%) Security Cleared
22 41 (12.77%) Banking
23 38 (11.84%) SC Cleared
23 38 (11.84%) PowerShell
23 38 (11.84%) Ansible
24 36 (11.21%) Infrastructure as Code

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (5.92%) Cloud Foundry
2 14 (4.36%) nginx
3 10 (3.12%) Confluence
4 9 (2.80%) SharePoint
5 4 (1.25%) BizTalk Server
5 4 (1.25%) Skype for Business
6 3 (0.93%) Apache Spark
6 3 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 3 (0.93%) SAS
7 2 (0.62%) Apache
7 2 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.62%) Mule
8 1 (0.31%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 1 (0.31%) CMS
8 1 (0.31%) JBoss
8 1 (0.31%) MS Exchange
8 1 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
8 1 (0.31%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.31%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.31%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (1.56%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.31%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.31%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.25%) Dynamics AX
1 4 (1.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.93%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.62%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.31%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.31%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.31%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.31%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 200 (62.31%) Azure
2 178 (55.45%) IaaS
3 100 (31.15%) SaaS
4 99 (30.84%) AWS
5 73 (22.74%) GCP
6 27 (8.41%) Azure Active Directory
6 27 (8.41%) Serverless
7 24 (7.48%) Office 365
8 20 (6.23%) Cloud Computing
9 15 (4.67%) GitHub
10 14 (4.36%) AWS CloudFormation
11 13 (4.05%) npm
12 9 (2.80%) Amazon Kinesis
12 9 (2.80%) OpenShift
13 8 (2.49%) Amazon ECS
14 7 (2.18%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 7 (2.18%) Azure Functions
14 7 (2.18%) Route 53
15 6 (1.87%) Azure Data Factory
15 6 (1.87%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 43 (13.40%) Firewall
2 33 (10.28%) DNS
3 30 (9.35%) WAN
4 23 (7.17%) Internet
4 23 (7.17%) VPN
5 20 (6.23%) DMZ
5 20 (6.23%) LAN
6 18 (5.61%) TCP/IP
7 10 (3.12%) HTTP
7 10 (3.12%) Multicast
7 10 (3.12%) Network Security
8 9 (2.80%) Intranet
8 9 (2.80%) Kerberos
8 9 (2.80%) Wireless
9 8 (2.49%) SNMP
9 8 (2.49%) TACACS
10 7 (2.18%) OSPF
11 6 (1.87%) SAN
11 6 (1.87%) SSL
12 5 (1.56%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (8.72%) SQL Server
2 21 (6.54%) Azure SQL Database
3 20 (6.23%) Cosmos DB
4 15 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (4.05%) BigQuery
6 12 (3.74%) Big Data
7 11 (3.43%) MongoDB
7 11 (3.43%) NoSQL
7 11 (3.43%) Relational Database
8 9 (2.80%) Hadoop
8 9 (2.80%) RDBMS
9 8 (2.49%) Redis
10 5 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (1.25%) Data Lake
11 4 (1.25%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.25%) GIS
11 4 (1.25%) Power BI
12 3 (0.93%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 3 (0.93%) PolyBase
Development Applications
1 53 (16.51%) Jenkins
2 36 (11.21%) Git (software)
3 20 (6.23%) Maven
4 18 (5.61%) Gradle
5 14 (4.36%) CircleCI
5 14 (4.36%) Travis CI
6 13 (4.05%) gulp
7 11 (3.43%) Artifactory
7 11 (3.43%) Subversion
8 10 (3.12%) Bitbucket
8 10 (3.12%) JIRA
9 7 (2.18%) Selenium
9 7 (2.18%) Visual Studio Team System
10 6 (1.87%) Octopus Deploy
10 6 (1.87%) TeamCity
11 5 (1.56%) Cypress.io
11 5 (1.56%) Mocha
12 4 (1.25%) JUnit
12 4 (1.25%) ReSharper
12 4 (1.25%) SonarQube
General
1 84 (26.17%) Finance
2 41 (12.77%) Banking
3 24 (7.48%) Public Sector
4 11 (3.43%) Retail
5 5 (1.56%) Billing
5 5 (1.56%) Financial Institution
5 5 (1.56%) Investment Banking
5 5 (1.56%) Legal
5 5 (1.56%) Manufacturing
6 4 (1.25%) Retail Finance
7 2 (0.62%) Front Office
7 2 (0.62%) Games
7 2 (0.62%) Local Government
7 2 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
7 2 (0.62%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.31%) German Language
8 1 (0.31%) International Banking
8 1 (0.31%) Marketing
8 1 (0.31%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.31%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 105 (32.71%) Architect
2 55 (17.13%) DevOps Engineer
3 47 (14.64%) Developer
4 42 (13.08%) Azure Engineer
5 26 (8.10%) Cloud Architect
6 25 (7.79%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 22 (6.85%) Azure Architect
8 17 (5.30%) Cloud Engineer
8 17 (5.30%) Solutions Architect
9 16 (4.98%) Azure DevOps
10 14 (4.36%) AWS Architect
11 13 (4.05%) Azure Developer
11 13 (4.05%) Enterprise Architect
12 12 (3.74%) Consultant
13 11 (3.43%) C# Developer
13 11 (3.43%) Lead Architect
14 10 (3.12%) AWS Developer
14 10 (3.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 10 (3.12%) Senior Developer
14 10 (3.12%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (14.02%) .NET
2 28 (8.72%) REST
3 27 (8.41%) Node.js
4 19 (5.92%) Spring
5 18 (5.61%) .NET Core
6 17 (5.30%) JSON
7 16 (4.98%) .NET Framework
7 16 (4.98%) HTML
8 15 (4.67%) Kafka
8 15 (4.67%) RESTful
9 14 (4.36%) LDAP
9 14 (4.36%) React
10 12 (3.74%) CSS
10 12 (3.74%) Web Services
11 11 (3.43%) Spring Boot
12 10 (3.12%) YAML
13 9 (2.80%) ASP.NET Web API
13 9 (2.80%) Entity Framework
13 9 (2.80%) Middleware
13 9 (2.80%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 32 (9.97%) Hybrid Cloud
2 30 (9.35%) Data Centre
3 28 (8.72%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (8.72%) Public Cloud
4 18 (5.61%) Enterprise Software
5 17 (5.30%) Clustering
6 16 (4.98%) Enterprise Cloud
7 15 (4.67%) Credit Risk
7 15 (4.67%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (4.36%) PKI
9 13 (4.05%) iPad
10 12 (3.74%) Cloud Native
11 10 (3.12%) Private Cloud
12 9 (2.80%) User Experience
13 8 (2.49%) Augmented Reality
14 7 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
14 7 (2.18%) N-Tier
15 5 (1.56%) Algorithms
16 4 (1.25%) Data Structures
16 4 (1.25%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 69 (21.50%) Windows
2 57 (17.76%) Linux
3 20 (6.23%) Windows Server
4 19 (5.92%) Unix
5 15 (4.67%) Windows Server 2012
6 14 (4.36%) Windows Server 2016
7 12 (3.74%) Windows Server 2019
8 9 (2.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (2.80%) Solaris
8 9 (2.80%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (1.25%) CoreOS
10 3 (0.93%) Android
10 3 (0.93%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.93%) CentOS
10 3 (0.93%) VMS
10 3 (0.93%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.31%) AIX
11 1 (0.31%) Debian
11 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 164 (51.09%) DevOps
2 97 (30.22%) Agile Software Development
3 54 (16.82%) Microservices
4 45 (14.02%) Continuous Integration
5 36 (11.21%) Infrastructure as Code
6 29 (9.03%) Software Engineering
7 27 (8.41%) High Availability
7 27 (8.41%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 26 (8.10%) Test Automation
9 25 (7.79%) TDD
10 24 (7.48%) Migration
11 23 (7.17%) Configuration Management
12 22 (6.85%) Mentoring
12 22 (6.85%) Service Management
13 21 (6.54%) IT Strategy
13 21 (6.54%) Scrum
14 20 (6.23%) Stakeholder Management
15 18 (5.61%) Information Security
15 18 (5.61%) ITIL
15 18 (5.61%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 65 (20.25%) Java
2 54 (16.82%) Python
3 45 (14.02%) SQL
4 38 (11.84%) PowerShell
5 34 (10.59%) C#
6 25 (7.79%) JavaScript
7 21 (6.54%) Bash Shell
8 13 (4.05%) Groovy
8 13 (4.05%) Shell Script
9 10 (3.12%) C
9 10 (3.12%) Scala
10 9 (2.80%) Ruby
11 7 (2.18%) R
12 4 (1.25%) Kotlin
12 4 (1.25%) Perl
12 4 (1.25%) T-SQL
12 4 (1.25%) TypeScript
13 3 (0.93%) Go
14 2 (0.62%) Apple Swift
14 2 (0.62%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 43 (13.40%) Security Cleared
2 38 (11.84%) SC Cleared
3 10 (3.12%) CISSP
4 9 (2.80%) AWS Certification
5 7 (2.18%) DV Cleared
6 6 (1.87%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (1.56%) Degree
8 3 (0.93%) CISA
8 3 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.93%) CSSLP
9 2 (0.62%) MCSE
9 2 (0.62%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 1 (0.31%) CREST Certified
10 1 (0.31%) CWSP
10 1 (0.31%) ISEB
10 1 (0.31%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.31%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.31%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.30%) NIST
2 7 (2.18%) QA
3 5 (1.56%) GDPR
3 5 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.62%) Basel III
4 2 (0.62%) HIPAA
4 2 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 2 (0.62%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.31%) PSD2
5 1 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 59 (18.38%) Docker
2 49 (15.26%) Active Directory
3 27 (8.41%) Virtual Machines
4 24 (7.48%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (3.74%) Hyper-V
6 8 (2.49%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (1.87%) Xen
8 5 (1.56%) KVM
9 3 (0.93%) Gluster
10 1 (0.31%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 1 (0.31%) LXC
10 1 (0.31%) UAG
10 1 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.31%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.31%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 81 (25.23%) Terraform
2 78 (24.30%) Kubernetes
3 38 (11.84%) Ansible
4 21 (6.54%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (4.67%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (4.05%) Argo
7 7 (2.18%) Microsoft Clustering
7 7 (2.18%) Puppet
7 7 (2.18%) SCCM
8 6 (1.87%) Microsoft Intune
8 6 (1.87%) Red Hat Satellite
9 5 (1.56%) CASB
10 4 (1.25%) BladeLogic
10 4 (1.25%) Consul
10 4 (1.25%) Grafana
10 4 (1.25%) Nessus
11 3 (0.93%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (0.93%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.93%) Rancher
11 3 (0.93%) WSUS
Vendors
1 70 (21.81%) Microsoft
2 47 (14.64%) Google
3 35 (10.90%) Oracle
4 26 (8.10%) VMware
5 21 (6.54%) Splunk
6 16 (4.98%) ServiceNow
7 15 (4.67%) Cisco
7 15 (4.67%) Red Hat
8 12 (3.74%) Databricks
9 10 (3.12%) Palo Alto
10 6 (1.87%) Atlassian
10 6 (1.87%) Intel
10 6 (1.87%) SaltStack
11 5 (1.56%) Fortinet
11 5 (1.56%) IBM
12 4 (1.25%) CyberArk
12 4 (1.25%) F5
12 4 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
12 4 (1.25%) SolarWinds
12 4 (1.25%) Sun