Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
England > London
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 113 153 172
Rank change year-on-year +40 +19 +39
Contract jobs citing PaaS 727 290 653
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.40% 1.83% 1.62%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.30% 5.44% 5.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 473 201 445
10th Percentile £425 £413 £425
25th Percentile £475 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £653 £625 £650
90th Percentile £735 £700 £725
England median daily rate £525 £543 £530
% change year-on-year -3.23% +2.36% +0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £61.50 - -
England median hourly rate £60.00 £64.00 £76.25
% change year-on-year -6.25% -16.07% +38.64%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,531 5,330 12,975
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.08% 33.70% 32.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,402 4,012 9,472
10th Percentile £375 £350 £350
25th Percentile £456 £431 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £613
90th Percentile £713 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 29 82
10th Percentile £13.63 £14.53 £13.54
25th Percentile £18.12 £21.50 £18.53
Median hourly rate £25.00 £27.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +30.95% -5.62%
75th Percentile £51.63 £50.00 £29.06
90th Percentile £68.00 £61.60 £52.45
England median hourly rate £20.00 £20.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year -2.44% -2.38% +10.85%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in London over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in London

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS in London over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in London

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 72 £555 -2.84% 52
West London +3 10 £524 -3.46% 11
South London +25 5 £475 +5.56% 7
East London 0 4 £650 +18.18% 11
PaaS
England

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 506 (69.60%) Azure
2 439 (60.39%) IaaS
3 369 (50.76%) DevOps
4 238 (32.74%) AWS
5 214 (29.44%) SaaS
6 212 (29.16%) Terraform
7 204 (28.06%) Agile Software Development
8 177 (24.35%) Kubernetes
9 168 (23.11%) Microsoft
10 156 (21.46%) Infrastructure as Code
11 149 (20.50%) Docker
12 142 (19.53%) Social Skills
13 138 (18.98%) SQL
14 136 (18.71%) Python
14 136 (18.71%) Microservices
14 136 (18.71%) Serverless
15 127 (17.47%) PowerShell
16 124 (17.06%) Linux
17 120 (16.51%) Finance
18 118 (16.23%) Java
19 111 (15.27%) Ansible
20 106 (14.58%) Windows
21 104 (14.31%) .NET
22 99 (13.62%) Migration
23 96 (13.20%) GCP
24 93 (12.79%) Bash Shell
25 92 (12.65%) Jenkins
26 82 (11.28%) C#
27 78 (10.73%) Git (software)
28 77 (10.59%) Azure Functions

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (5.78%) SharePoint
2 20 (2.75%) Cloud Foundry
3 16 (2.20%) Tomcat
4 12 (1.65%) Confluence
5 11 (1.51%) Apache Spark
5 11 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (1.38%) JBoss
6 10 (1.38%) WebSphere
7 8 (1.10%) IIS
8 7 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 7 (0.96%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.83%) Apache
10 4 (0.55%) CMS
10 4 (0.55%) Mule
10 4 (0.55%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
11 3 (0.41%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.28%) Drupal
12 2 (0.28%) nginx
12 2 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 8 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.55%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.28%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.14%) Magento
4 1 (0.14%) Primavera
4 1 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 506 (69.60%) Azure
2 439 (60.39%) IaaS
3 238 (32.74%) AWS
4 214 (29.44%) SaaS
5 136 (18.71%) Serverless
6 96 (13.20%) GCP
7 77 (10.59%) Azure Functions
8 70 (9.63%) GitHub
9 60 (8.25%) Microsoft 365
10 51 (7.02%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 41 (5.64%) Azure Active Directory
12 38 (5.23%) AWS CloudFormation
13 29 (3.99%) Azure Data Factory
14 25 (3.44%) Cloud Computing
14 25 (3.44%) iPaaS
14 25 (3.44%) Power Platform
15 24 (3.30%) AWS Lambda
15 24 (3.30%) Azure Service Bus
15 24 (3.30%) OpenShift
16 23 (3.16%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 47 (6.46%) Firewall
2 27 (3.71%) WAN
3 26 (3.58%) Network Security
4 19 (2.61%) Internet
5 18 (2.48%) DNS
6 17 (2.34%) LAN
6 17 (2.34%) TCP/IP
7 15 (2.06%) VPN
8 13 (1.79%) SAN
9 12 (1.65%) Wireless
10 11 (1.51%) Kerberos
11 9 (1.24%) HTTP
12 7 (0.96%) Multicast
12 7 (0.96%) NAS
12 7 (0.96%) SSL
13 6 (0.83%) DHCP
14 5 (0.69%) DMZ
14 5 (0.69%) HTTPS
14 5 (0.69%) iSCSI
14 5 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (8.94%) SQL Server
2 55 (7.57%) NoSQL
3 51 (7.02%) Big Data
4 44 (6.05%) Azure SQL Database
5 39 (5.36%) Data Lake
6 26 (3.58%) Data Warehouse
7 25 (3.44%) PostgreSQL
8 23 (3.16%) MongoDB
9 22 (3.03%) Power BI
10 21 (2.89%) Hadoop
10 21 (2.89%) Metadata
11 18 (2.48%) BigQuery
12 14 (1.93%) MySQL
13 11 (1.51%) SQL Server 2012
14 9 (1.24%) Looker
14 9 (1.24%) Redis
14 9 (1.24%) Relational Database
15 8 (1.10%) Oracle Database
15 8 (1.10%) SQL Server 2014
15 8 (1.10%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 92 (12.65%) Jenkins
2 78 (10.73%) Git (software)
3 31 (4.26%) Maven
4 28 (3.85%) JIRA
5 27 (3.71%) TeamCity
6 24 (3.30%) Gradle
7 14 (1.93%) Sonatype Nexus
8 13 (1.79%) Postman
8 13 (1.79%) Visual Studio
9 11 (1.51%) Bitbucket
9 11 (1.51%) Cucumber
9 11 (1.51%) PowerDesigner
9 11 (1.51%) Subversion
10 10 (1.38%) Eclipse
10 10 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
10 10 (1.38%) Selenium
11 9 (1.24%) IntelliJ
11 9 (1.24%) SonarQube
12 8 (1.10%) GitLab
12 8 (1.10%) webpack
General
1 142 (19.53%) Social Skills
2 120 (16.51%) Finance
3 47 (6.46%) Public Sector
4 39 (5.36%) Banking
5 37 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
5 37 (5.09%) Marketing
6 33 (4.54%) Telecoms
7 30 (4.13%) Manufacturing
8 26 (3.58%) Electronics
9 22 (3.03%) Presentation Skills
10 20 (2.75%) Retail
11 14 (1.93%) Documentation Skills
12 12 (1.65%) Influencing Skills
13 8 (1.10%) Law
14 4 (0.55%) Billing
15 3 (0.41%) Games
15 3 (0.41%) Legal
16 2 (0.28%) Advertising
16 2 (0.28%) Organisational Skills
17 1 (0.14%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 240 (33.01%) Architect
2 125 (17.19%) Azure Engineer
3 112 (15.41%) Developer
4 105 (14.44%) Azure Architect
5 100 (13.76%) DevOps Engineer
6 83 (11.42%) Solutions Architect
7 80 (11.00%) Cloud Architect
8 55 (7.57%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 46 (6.33%) Cloud Engineer
10 37 (5.09%) Data Architect
11 36 (4.95%) Azure Developer
12 34 (4.68%) Azure DevOps
13 31 (4.26%) .NET Developer
14 30 (4.13%) AWS Architect
15 27 (3.71%) AWS Engineer
16 25 (3.44%) AWS DevOps
16 25 (3.44%) Consultant
17 23 (3.16%) Full Stack Developer
18 22 (3.03%) Senior DevOps
18 22 (3.03%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (14.31%) .NET
2 57 (7.84%) Web Services
3 56 (7.70%) REST
4 46 (6.33%) .NET Core
5 40 (5.50%) Kafka
6 39 (5.36%) Spring Boot
7 36 (4.95%) AngularJS
8 35 (4.81%) Node.js
9 33 (4.54%) HTML
9 33 (4.54%) JSON
10 32 (4.40%) React
11 29 (3.99%) Spring
12 28 (3.85%) CSS
13 26 (3.58%) ASP.NET
14 25 (3.44%) YAML
15 24 (3.30%) OAuth
16 20 (2.75%) Ruby on Rails
16 20 (2.75%) XML
17 19 (2.61%) RESTful
18 17 (2.34%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 74 (10.18%) Cloud Native
1 74 (10.18%) Public Cloud
2 35 (4.81%) Data Centre
3 29 (3.99%) Hybrid Cloud
3 29 (3.99%) Management Information System
4 24 (3.30%) Data Protection Act
5 18 (2.48%) User Experience
6 15 (2.06%) Data Structures
6 15 (2.06%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (1.79%) Replication
8 13 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (1.51%) Clustering
9 11 (1.51%) Enterprise Cloud
10 9 (1.24%) Legacy Applications
10 9 (1.24%) Legacy Systems
10 9 (1.24%) Mobile App
11 8 (1.10%) Private Cloud
12 7 (0.96%) PKI
13 6 (0.83%) AS400
Operating Systems
1 124 (17.06%) Linux
2 106 (14.58%) Windows
3 20 (2.75%) Windows Server
4 16 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (1.93%) Unix
6 13 (1.79%) Solaris
7 12 (1.65%) Windows Server 2012
8 8 (1.10%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.55%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.41%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.41%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.28%) CentOS
11 2 (0.28%) SUSE
11 2 (0.28%) VMS
12 1 (0.14%) Android
12 1 (0.14%) Debian
12 1 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 369 (50.76%) DevOps
2 204 (28.06%) Agile Software Development
3 156 (21.46%) Infrastructure as Code
4 136 (18.71%) Microservices
5 99 (13.62%) Migration
6 58 (7.98%) Business Intelligence
7 57 (7.84%) Continuous Integration
8 56 (7.70%) Analytics
8 56 (7.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 54 (7.43%) Scrum
10 51 (7.02%) Configuration Management
10 51 (7.02%) Problem-Solving
11 47 (6.46%) Continuous Delivery
11 47 (6.46%) Test Automation
12 46 (6.33%) Information Security
12 46 (6.33%) TDD
13 43 (5.91%) Full Stack Development
14 40 (5.50%) Performance Tuning
14 40 (5.50%) Software Engineering
15 39 (5.36%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 138 (18.98%) SQL
2 136 (18.71%) Python
3 127 (17.47%) PowerShell
4 118 (16.23%) Java
5 93 (12.79%) Bash Shell
6 82 (11.28%) C#
7 64 (8.80%) JavaScript
8 32 (4.40%) Ruby
9 31 (4.26%) Go
10 23 (3.16%) PHP
11 18 (2.48%) TypeScript
12 17 (2.34%) C
13 13 (1.79%) Perl
14 12 (1.65%) T-SQL
15 9 (1.24%) Java 8
16 8 (1.10%) C++
17 7 (0.96%) PL/SQL
17 7 (0.96%) Scala
17 7 (0.96%) Shell Script
18 6 (0.83%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 56 (7.70%) Security Cleared
2 52 (7.15%) SC Cleared
3 29 (3.99%) Degree
4 16 (2.20%) AWS Certification
5 14 (1.93%) CISSP
6 13 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.51%) Cisco Certification
8 9 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.96%) CISM
10 6 (0.83%) DV Cleared
11 5 (0.69%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 5 (0.69%) APMP
11 5 (0.69%) TOGAF Certification
12 4 (0.55%) CCIE
12 4 (0.55%) CISA
13 3 (0.41%) CCSP
13 3 (0.41%) CEH
13 3 (0.41%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.41%) MCSE
14 2 (0.28%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (3.85%) QA
2 21 (2.89%) GDPR
3 17 (2.34%) Data Quality
4 15 (2.06%) NIST
5 12 (1.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 10 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (1.10%) Accessibility
8 6 (0.83%) SOC 2
9 5 (0.69%) COBIT
9 5 (0.69%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 5 (0.69%) NCSC
9 5 (0.69%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.41%) FedRAMP
11 2 (0.28%) SLA
12 1 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.14%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 149 (20.50%) Docker
2 71 (9.77%) Active Directory
3 43 (5.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (1.93%) Hyper-V
5 13 (1.79%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (1.51%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (1.10%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (0.96%) NFS
9 5 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (0.69%) VMware NSX
9 5 (0.69%) XenApp
9 5 (0.69%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.55%) Veritas File System
10 4 (0.55%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 4 (0.55%) VMware Workstation
11 3 (0.41%) KVM
11 3 (0.41%) SRDF
11 3 (0.41%) Xen
12 2 (0.28%) vCloud
12 2 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 212 (29.16%) Terraform
2 177 (24.35%) Kubernetes
3 111 (15.27%) Ansible
4 30 (4.13%) Puppet
5 26 (3.58%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (2.06%) Microsoft Intune
7 14 (1.93%) SCCM
8 9 (1.24%) QRadar
8 9 (1.24%) SCOM
9 8 (1.10%) Control-M
9 8 (1.10%) EMC NetWorker
9 8 (1.10%) Tivoli
9 8 (1.10%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 6 (0.83%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.69%) CASB
11 5 (0.69%) Istio
11 5 (0.69%) Kibana
11 5 (0.69%) Netcool
11 5 (0.69%) Packer
11 5 (0.69%) SCSM
Vendors
1 168 (23.11%) Microsoft
2 72 (9.90%) VMware
3 67 (9.22%) Oracle
4 59 (8.12%) Google
5 46 (6.33%) Databricks
6 44 (6.05%) SAP
7 28 (3.85%) IBM
8 25 (3.44%) Splunk
9 24 (3.30%) ServiceNow
10 21 (2.89%) Salesforce.com
11 20 (2.75%) Cisco
12 18 (2.48%) Citrix
12 18 (2.48%) MuleSoft
13 15 (2.06%) Red Hat
14 14 (1.93%) CyberArk
14 14 (1.93%) EMC
15 13 (1.79%) BiZZdesign
16 11 (1.51%) Dell
17 10 (1.38%) Qualys
18 9 (1.24%) BMC