Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
England > London
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 219 164 278
Rank change year-on-year -55 +114 +35
Permanent jobs citing IaaS 873 449 648
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.69% 2.04% 1.20%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.53% 4.56% 3.21%
Number of salaries quoted 736 318 528
10th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £48,750
25th Percentile £62,500 £55,000 £58,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £72,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.34% - -
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £86,250
90th Percentile £106,250 £102,500 £95,375
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +4.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,743 9,852 20,187
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 47.87% 44.73% 37.44%
Number of salaries quoted 16,551 8,477 16,770
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% -
75th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Salary trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing IaaS in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for IaaS in London

IaaS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -19 147 £72,500 +11.54% 52
South London -18 23 £80,000 +39.13% 4
West London -77 8 £63,750 -27.14% 10
East London -27 6 £75,000 +7.72% 10
IaaS
England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 663 (75.95%) PaaS
2 618 (70.79%) Azure
3 418 (47.88%) SaaS
4 372 (42.61%) DevOps
5 357 (40.89%) AWS
6 315 (36.08%) Microsoft
7 232 (26.58%) Python
8 226 (25.89%) Agile Software Development
9 210 (24.05%) Kubernetes
10 202 (23.14%) PowerShell
11 199 (22.79%) Terraform
12 196 (22.45%) GCP
12 196 (22.45%) Social Skills
13 180 (20.62%) Finance
14 168 (19.24%) Public Cloud
15 165 (18.90%) Active Directory
16 158 (18.10%) Windows
17 153 (17.53%) Docker
18 142 (16.27%) Migration
19 141 (16.15%) SQL
20 135 (15.46%) Big Data
21 132 (15.12%) Degree
22 131 (15.01%) Cloud Native
23 124 (14.20%) Java
24 114 (13.06%) Bash Shell
24 114 (13.06%) Ansible
25 113 (12.94%) Infrastructure as Code
26 112 (12.83%) Microservices
27 111 (12.71%) Presales
28 108 (12.37%) Microsoft 365

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (5.61%) IIS
2 39 (4.47%) SharePoint
3 30 (3.44%) Apache Spark
4 18 (2.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 16 (1.83%) Confluence
6 14 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (1.49%) Apache
8 11 (1.26%) Apache Pig
9 10 (1.15%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (0.92%) Apache Solr
10 8 (0.92%) MS Exchange
11 4 (0.46%) CMS
11 4 (0.46%) OpenStack
11 4 (0.46%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.46%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.46%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
13 2 (0.23%) EPiServer
13 2 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2010
13 2 (0.23%) JBoss
Applications
1 23 (2.63%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.57%) Figma
3 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.92%) Sentinel
2 7 (0.80%) Oracle ERP
3 6 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.23%) Magento
6 2 (0.23%) SAP MDG
6 2 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.11%) Dynamics GP
7 1 (0.11%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.11%) Sage 200
Cloud Services
1 663 (75.95%) PaaS
2 618 (70.79%) Azure
3 418 (47.88%) SaaS
4 357 (40.89%) AWS
5 196 (22.45%) GCP
6 108 (12.37%) Microsoft 365
7 81 (9.28%) Serverless
8 76 (8.71%) Azure Active Directory
9 62 (7.10%) AWS CloudFormation
10 49 (5.61%) Power Platform
11 42 (4.81%) Amazon EC2
12 30 (3.44%) GitHub
13 24 (2.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 24 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (2.29%) Slack
15 19 (2.18%) Amazon ECS
15 19 (2.18%) Amazon S3
15 19 (2.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 18 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
17 17 (1.95%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 85 (9.74%) Firewall
2 63 (7.22%) VPN
3 41 (4.70%) Network Security
4 39 (4.47%) DNS
5 34 (3.89%) WAN
6 30 (3.44%) LAN
7 26 (2.98%) DHCP
8 25 (2.86%) SAN
9 20 (2.29%) TCP/IP
10 15 (1.72%) Cisco ISE
10 15 (1.72%) DKIM
10 15 (1.72%) DMARC
11 11 (1.26%) Wireless
12 10 (1.15%) NetScaler
13 9 (1.03%) HTTP
13 9 (1.03%) VSAN
14 8 (0.92%) MPLS
14 8 (0.92%) SD-WAN
14 8 (0.92%) Wi-Fi
15 7 (0.80%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (15.46%) Big Data
2 108 (12.37%) SQL Server
3 50 (5.73%) NoSQL
4 46 (5.27%) Data Warehouse
5 41 (4.70%) Power BI
6 40 (4.58%) Relational Database
7 35 (4.01%) Azure SQL Database
8 34 (3.89%) PostgreSQL
9 32 (3.67%) RDBMS
10 30 (3.44%) MySQL
11 28 (3.21%) Amazon RDS
12 26 (2.98%) Data Lake
12 26 (2.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 25 (2.86%) Tableau
14 21 (2.41%) Hadoop
15 18 (2.06%) Apache Hive
16 17 (1.95%) Redis
16 17 (1.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 17 (1.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 14 (1.60%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 76 (8.71%) Git (software)
2 73 (8.36%) Jenkins
3 59 (6.76%) TeamCity
4 56 (6.41%) Octopus Deploy
5 34 (3.89%) GitLab
6 29 (3.32%) JIRA
7 23 (2.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 22 (2.52%) Maven
9 17 (1.95%) Bitbucket
10 16 (1.83%) Gradle
11 9 (1.03%) SonarQube
12 7 (0.80%) Cucumber
12 7 (0.80%) gulp
12 7 (0.80%) Vagrant
13 6 (0.69%) JUnit
13 6 (0.69%) Sonatype Nexus
14 5 (0.57%) Appium
14 5 (0.57%) Mockito
14 5 (0.57%) Visual Studio Team System
15 4 (0.46%) Hudson
General
1 196 (22.45%) Social Skills
2 180 (20.62%) Finance
3 71 (8.13%) Analytical Skills
4 46 (5.27%) Banking
5 27 (3.09%) Legal
6 24 (2.75%) Games
6 24 (2.75%) Presentation Skills
7 21 (2.41%) Advertising
7 21 (2.41%) Marketing
8 20 (2.29%) Public Sector
9 19 (2.18%) Law
10 16 (1.83%) Retail
11 15 (1.72%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.37%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 12 (1.37%) Publishing
13 10 (1.15%) Documentation Skills
14 9 (1.03%) Private Banking
15 8 (0.92%) Organisational Skills
15 8 (0.92%) Wholesale Banking
16 7 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 338 (38.72%) Architect
2 159 (18.21%) Solutions Architect
3 130 (14.89%) Cloud Architect
4 91 (10.42%) Azure Architect
5 89 (10.19%) DevOps Engineer
6 72 (8.25%) Cloud Engineer
7 71 (8.13%) Azure Engineer
8 66 (7.56%) Consultant
9 64 (7.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 56 (6.41%) Cloud Solutions Architect
11 48 (5.50%) Developer
12 47 (5.38%) Senior Architect
13 41 (4.70%) Senior Solutions Architect
14 33 (3.78%) Lead Architect
15 32 (3.67%) Data Architect
16 27 (3.09%) Platform Engineer
17 24 (2.75%) AWS Engineer
17 24 (2.75%) Security Engineer
18 23 (2.63%) Azure Consultant
19 22 (2.52%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 71 (8.13%) ARM Templates
2 55 (6.30%) .NET
3 43 (4.93%) Kafka
4 37 (4.24%) React
5 34 (3.89%) Node.js
6 33 (3.78%) HTML
7 32 (3.67%) AngularJS
8 31 (3.55%) Web Services
9 30 (3.44%) JSON
10 28 (3.21%) CSS
11 21 (2.41%) .NET Core
12 20 (2.29%) Middleware
13 19 (2.18%) Spring
14 18 (2.06%) OAuth
14 18 (2.06%) REST
15 17 (1.95%) Spring Boot
16 15 (1.72%) MDX
16 15 (1.72%) RESTful
17 13 (1.49%) HTML5
17 13 (1.49%) JWT
Miscellaneous
1 168 (19.24%) Public Cloud
2 131 (15.01%) Cloud Native
3 100 (11.45%) Hybrid Cloud
4 53 (6.07%) Data Centre
5 45 (5.15%) Management Information System
6 38 (4.35%) Private Cloud
7 25 (2.86%) Virtual Team
8 24 (2.75%) Replication
9 19 (2.18%) CMDB
10 18 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
11 17 (1.95%) Mobile App
12 13 (1.49%) Enterprise Cloud
12 13 (1.49%) Greenfield Project
13 12 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
14 8 (0.92%) CUDA
15 7 (0.80%) Clustering
15 7 (0.80%) PKI
15 7 (0.80%) Security Operations Centre
15 7 (0.80%) User Experience
15 7 (0.80%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 158 (18.10%) Windows
2 107 (12.26%) Linux
3 75 (8.59%) Windows Server
4 50 (5.73%) Unix
5 25 (2.86%) Windows 10
6 20 (2.29%) VMS
7 13 (1.49%) Windows Server 2016
8 12 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.37%) Windows Server 2012
9 9 (1.03%) Apple iOS
10 8 (0.92%) Data ONTAP
11 4 (0.46%) Mesosphere
11 4 (0.46%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.34%) Android
13 2 (0.23%) CentOS
13 2 (0.23%) Debian
13 2 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.23%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 372 (42.61%) DevOps
2 226 (25.89%) Agile Software Development
3 142 (16.27%) Migration
4 113 (12.94%) Infrastructure as Code
5 112 (12.83%) Microservices
6 111 (12.71%) Presales
7 99 (11.34%) Computer Science
7 99 (11.34%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 92 (10.54%) Analytics
9 88 (10.08%) Configuration Management
10 85 (9.74%) Information Security
11 84 (9.62%) Problem-Solving
12 80 (9.16%) Software Engineering
13 72 (8.25%) Cybersecurity
14 68 (7.79%) Stakeholder Management
15 63 (7.22%) Architectural Design
16 61 (6.99%) Disaster Recovery
16 61 (6.99%) Project Delivery
17 59 (6.76%) Business Intelligence
17 59 (6.76%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 232 (26.58%) Python
2 202 (23.14%) PowerShell
3 141 (16.15%) SQL
4 124 (14.20%) Java
5 114 (13.06%) Bash Shell
6 69 (7.90%) JavaScript
7 58 (6.64%) C#
8 47 (5.38%) Ruby
9 41 (4.70%) Go
10 38 (4.35%) Perl
11 27 (3.09%) Scala
11 27 (3.09%) T-SQL
12 18 (2.06%) PHP
13 17 (1.95%) Kotlin
14 16 (1.83%) C++
15 14 (1.60%) TypeScript
16 13 (1.49%) C
17 11 (1.26%) Shell Script
18 10 (1.15%) Groovy
18 10 (1.15%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 132 (15.12%) Degree
2 53 (6.07%) Security Cleared
3 51 (5.84%) SC Cleared
4 41 (4.70%) Microsoft Certification
5 19 (2.18%) CISSP
6 14 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (1.37%) MCSE
8 10 (1.15%) AWS Certification
8 10 (1.15%) Oracle Certification
9 9 (1.03%) CISM
9 9 (1.03%) GIAC
9 9 (1.03%) SANS
10 7 (0.80%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.69%) CCNA
11 6 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.69%) MCSA
11 6 (0.69%) OCP
12 5 (0.57%) CAPM
12 5 (0.57%) CEH
12 5 (0.57%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (3.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 27 (3.09%) NIST
3 21 (2.41%) SLA
4 18 (2.06%) QA
5 12 (1.37%) GDPR
6 11 (1.26%) Data Quality
7 9 (1.03%) HIPAA
7 9 (1.03%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.80%) PMO
9 5 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.57%) ISO 22301
10 4 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.34%) ITGC
12 2 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.11%) Accessibility
13 1 (0.11%) GRC
13 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 165 (18.90%) Active Directory
2 153 (17.53%) Docker
3 43 (4.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (4.47%) Hyper-V
5 24 (2.75%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (2.29%) Virtual Desktop
7 18 (2.06%) vSphere
8 15 (1.72%) Microsoft App-V
9 12 (1.37%) XenApp
10 10 (1.15%) Firmware
11 7 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.80%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.57%) BitLocker
12 5 (0.57%) vCloud
13 4 (0.46%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 4 (0.46%) Xen
14 3 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 2 (0.23%) KVM
15 2 (0.23%) LXC
16 1 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 210 (24.05%) Kubernetes
2 199 (22.79%) Terraform
3 114 (13.06%) Ansible
4 107 (12.26%) Puppet
5 101 (11.57%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (8.93%) SCCM
7 36 (4.12%) Microsoft Intune
8 18 (2.06%) Salt
9 16 (1.83%) CASB
9 16 (1.83%) SCOM
10 15 (1.72%) Single Sign-On
11 14 (1.60%) Oozie
12 13 (1.49%) Prometheus
13 12 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
13 12 (1.37%) Grafana
13 12 (1.37%) SCVMM
14 11 (1.26%) EdgeSight
14 11 (1.26%) Nagios
14 11 (1.26%) SCOrch
15 9 (1.03%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 315 (36.08%) Microsoft
2 98 (11.23%) Google
3 88 (10.08%) Oracle
4 72 (8.25%) VMware
5 61 (6.99%) Cisco
6 34 (3.89%) Citrix
7 22 (2.52%) IBM
8 20 (2.29%) Dell
9 19 (2.18%) HP
9 19 (2.18%) ServiceNow
10 18 (2.06%) Cloudera
11 17 (1.95%) CommVault
11 17 (1.95%) Hortonworks
11 17 (1.95%) Red Hat
11 17 (1.95%) Veeam
12 15 (1.72%) Darktrace
12 15 (1.72%) Proofpoint
13 13 (1.49%) Databricks
13 13 (1.49%) SaltStack
14 12 (1.37%) Informatica