Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 33 40 42
Rank change year-on-year +7 +2 -10
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 4,137 1,201 3,313
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 8.19% 6.13% 6.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.58% 6.53% 6.52%
Number of salaries quoted 2,172 961 2,558
10th Percentile £46,025 £47,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £53,750 £57,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
75th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,750 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.76% +5.00%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,231 18,394 50,847
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.53% 93.88% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 31,437 15,563 41,377
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £107,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £58,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.45% +4.76% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Salary trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 507 £68,500 -2.14% 138
West London +13 224 £67,500 +3.85% 36
South London -20 85 £65,000 +4.00% 19
East London -20 12 £70,000 +16.67% 49
North London -13 8 £50,000 - 4
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,528 (61.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,560 (37.71%) Java
3 1,544 (37.32%) JavaScript
4 1,349 (32.61%) AWS
5 1,271 (30.72%) QA
6 1,217 (29.42%) Microservices
7 1,214 (29.34%) DevOps
8 1,181 (28.55%) SQL
9 1,169 (28.26%) Software Engineering
10 1,151 (27.82%) Finance
11 1,098 (26.54%) Python
12 1,043 (25.21%) React
13 994 (24.03%) Docker
14 957 (23.13%) C#
15 937 (22.65%) Social Skills
16 929 (22.46%) Azure
17 884 (21.37%) TDD
18 880 (21.27%) Node.js
19 857 (20.72%) Git (software)
20 855 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
21 851 (20.57%) Selenium
22 846 (20.45%) Kubernetes
23 772 (18.66%) Jenkins
24 766 (18.52%) REST
25 712 (17.21%) TypeScript
26 648 (15.66%) Scrum
27 625 (15.11%) BDD
28 621 (15.01%) Software Testing
29 602 (14.55%) User Experience
30 595 (14.38%) CSS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 216 (5.22%) Confluence
2 121 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
3 95 (2.30%) CMS
4 93 (2.25%) Apache Spark
5 64 (1.55%) Apache
6 47 (1.14%) SharePoint
7 38 (0.92%) IIS
8 28 (0.68%) nginx
9 27 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
10 22 (0.53%) EPiServer
10 22 (0.53%) Headless CMS
10 22 (0.53%) WordPress
11 16 (0.39%) Camunda
12 14 (0.34%) Drupal
12 14 (0.34%) IBM Domino
12 14 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
13 13 (0.31%) Apache Solr
13 13 (0.31%) Ethereum
14 11 (0.27%) SAS
15 10 (0.24%) Umbraco
Applications
1 28 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
1 28 (0.68%) Sketch
2 25 (0.60%) Figma
3 22 (0.53%) InVision
4 17 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
5 16 (0.39%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.24%) Adobe Premiere
6 10 (0.24%) Final Cut Pro
6 10 (0.24%) SOLIDWORKS
7 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.19%) Zeplin
8 7 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.097%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.073%) Mingle
11 2 (0.048%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.024%) GIMP
12 1 (0.024%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 31 (0.75%) Distributed Ledger
2 27 (0.65%) Magento
3 26 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
4 22 (0.53%) Shopify
5 15 (0.36%) R3 Corda
6 13 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
7 9 (0.22%) WebTrends
8 5 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 5 (0.12%) Summit
9 3 (0.073%) Sentinel
10 2 (0.048%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 2 (0.048%) SAP S/4HANA
11 1 (0.024%) Adobe Campaign
11 1 (0.024%) BASE24
11 1 (0.024%) Dynamics AX
11 1 (0.024%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.024%) Elite 3E
11 1 (0.024%) NetSuite
11 1 (0.024%) Oracle Receivables
11 1 (0.024%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,349 (32.61%) AWS
2 929 (22.46%) Azure
3 565 (13.66%) Serverless
4 413 (9.98%) GCP
5 358 (8.65%) GitHub
6 297 (7.18%) AWS Lambda
7 254 (6.14%) SaaS
8 211 (5.10%) Amazon ECS
9 167 (4.04%) Amazon EC2
10 151 (3.65%) Amazon S3
11 113 (2.73%) Amazon SQS
11 113 (2.73%) PaaS
12 87 (2.10%) Heroku
13 81 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
13 81 (1.96%) OpenShift
14 63 (1.52%) Power Platform
15 59 (1.43%) npm
16 53 (1.28%) Amazon EKS
16 53 (1.28%) Snowflake
17 45 (1.09%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 282 (6.82%) HTTP
2 74 (1.79%) Broadband
3 31 (0.75%) Internet
4 30 (0.73%) TCP/IP
5 27 (0.65%) Firewall
6 17 (0.41%) VPN
7 13 (0.31%) BGP
7 13 (0.31%) MPLS
8 12 (0.29%) Cisco IOS
8 12 (0.29%) IOS XR
9 10 (0.24%) SSL
10 9 (0.22%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 9 (0.22%) Network Security
11 8 (0.19%) WPA
12 6 (0.15%) SWIFTNet
13 5 (0.12%) DNS
13 5 (0.12%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
13 5 (0.12%) Wireshark
14 4 (0.097%) 5G
14 4 (0.097%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 539 (13.03%) PostgreSQL
2 474 (11.46%) NoSQL
3 346 (8.36%) MongoDB
4 297 (7.18%) Relational Database
4 297 (7.18%) SQL Server
5 253 (6.12%) MySQL
6 228 (5.51%) Redis
7 195 (4.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 192 (4.64%) Amazon Aurora
9 135 (3.26%) Big Data
10 128 (3.09%) Amazon Athena
11 83 (2.01%) Hadoop
12 82 (1.98%) Blockchain
13 72 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
13 72 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
14 68 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
15 61 (1.47%) Data Lake
16 60 (1.45%) Power BI
17 53 (1.28%) Oracle Database
18 50 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 857 (20.72%) Git (software)
2 851 (20.57%) Selenium
3 772 (18.66%) Jenkins
4 532 (12.86%) JIRA
5 409 (9.89%) Cypress.io
6 363 (8.77%) Cucumber
7 258 (6.24%) Postman
8 235 (5.68%) WebDriver
9 233 (5.63%) JUnit
10 219 (5.29%) GitLab
11 208 (5.03%) TeamCity
12 203 (4.91%) JMeter
13 201 (4.86%) SpecFlow
14 158 (3.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 153 (3.70%) CircleCI
16 148 (3.58%) webpack
17 114 (2.76%) SonarQube
18 111 (2.68%) Maven
19 108 (2.61%) Octopus Deploy
20 103 (2.49%) Appium
General
1 1,151 (27.82%) Finance
2 937 (22.65%) Social Skills
3 464 (11.22%) Banking
4 334 (8.07%) Retail
5 245 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
6 161 (3.89%) Games
7 148 (3.58%) Marketing
8 100 (2.42%) Presentation Skills
9 91 (2.20%) Public Sector
10 86 (2.08%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 84 (2.03%) Legal
12 73 (1.76%) Law
13 65 (1.57%) Influencing Skills
14 59 (1.43%) Advertising
15 55 (1.33%) Front Office
16 52 (1.26%) Telecoms
17 43 (1.04%) Retail Banking
18 41 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
19 40 (0.97%) Financial Institution
20 38 (0.92%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,321 (31.93%) Developer
2 630 (15.23%) Software Engineer
3 318 (7.69%) Senior Developer
4 281 (6.79%) Test Engineer
5 272 (6.57%) QA Engineer
6 241 (5.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 217 (5.25%) Java Engineer
8 214 (5.17%) Java Developer
9 206 (4.98%) Senior Software Engineer
10 201 (4.86%) Tester
11 197 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
12 150 (3.63%) AWS Engineer
13 144 (3.48%) Automation Engineer
14 136 (3.29%) Analyst
15 125 (3.02%) AWS Software Engineer
16 123 (2.97%) Software Developer
17 117 (2.83%) Automation Tester
18 114 (2.76%) Java Software Engineer
19 110 (2.66%) QA Automation Engineer
20 104 (2.51%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,043 (25.21%) React
2 880 (21.27%) Node.js
3 766 (18.52%) REST
4 595 (14.38%) CSS
5 583 (14.09%) .NET
5 583 (14.09%) HTML
6 523 (12.64%) Web Services
7 509 (12.30%) RESTful
8 446 (10.78%) GraphQL
9 438 (10.59%) AngularJS
10 352 (8.51%) Kafka
11 343 (8.29%) Spring
12 269 (6.50%) HTML5
13 240 (5.80%) .NET Core
14 233 (5.63%) Jest
15 217 (5.25%) Redux
16 214 (5.17%) React Native
17 205 (4.96%) Vue.js
18 192 (4.64%) gRPC
18 192 (4.64%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 602 (14.55%) User Experience
2 257 (6.21%) Mobile App
3 166 (4.01%) Self-Motivation
4 153 (3.70%) Hedge funds
5 152 (3.67%) Cloud Native
6 146 (3.53%) Algorithms
7 141 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
8 134 (3.24%) Pricing Data
9 101 (2.44%) Virtual Team
10 76 (1.84%) Data Structures
11 70 (1.69%) Social Media
12 63 (1.52%) Blog
13 58 (1.40%) Client/Server
14 55 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
15 54 (1.31%) SWIFT
16 51 (1.23%) Derivative
17 47 (1.14%) iPhone
17 47 (1.14%) Renewable Energy
18 39 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
19 37 (0.89%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 396 (9.57%) Linux
2 238 (5.75%) Android
3 216 (5.22%) Apple iOS
4 206 (4.98%) Windows
5 130 (3.14%) Unix
6 30 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.46%) Mac OS
8 13 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
9 11 (0.27%) VMS
10 10 (0.24%) Windows Server
11 9 (0.22%) CentOS
11 9 (0.22%) zOS
12 4 (0.097%) Tizen
12 4 (0.097%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.097%) watchOS
12 4 (0.097%) webOS
12 4 (0.097%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.048%) Robot Operating System
14 1 (0.024%) Alpine Linux
14 1 (0.024%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,528 (61.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,217 (29.42%) Microservices
3 1,214 (29.34%) DevOps
4 1,169 (28.26%) Software Engineering
5 884 (21.37%) TDD
6 855 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
7 648 (15.66%) Scrum
8 625 (15.11%) BDD
9 621 (15.01%) Software Testing
10 579 (14.00%) Full Stack Development
11 570 (13.78%) Mentoring
12 519 (12.55%) Problem-Solving
13 432 (10.44%) Fintech
14 417 (10.08%) SDLC
15 409 (9.89%) Analytics
16 385 (9.31%) Continuous Delivery
16 385 (9.31%) Front End Development
17 384 (9.28%) Artificial Intelligence
18 371 (8.97%) Unit Testing
19 369 (8.92%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 1,560 (37.71%) Java
2 1,544 (37.32%) JavaScript
3 1,181 (28.55%) SQL
4 1,098 (26.54%) Python
5 957 (23.13%) C#
6 712 (17.21%) TypeScript
7 220 (5.32%) Ruby
8 203 (4.91%) Go
9 192 (4.64%) Scala
10 175 (4.23%) Kotlin
11 160 (3.87%) ES6
12 152 (3.67%) C++
13 131 (3.17%) C
14 121 (2.92%) PHP
15 105 (2.54%) Java 8
16 83 (2.01%) PowerShell
16 83 (2.01%) Shell Script
17 74 (1.79%) Bash Shell
18 62 (1.50%) T-SQL
19 54 (1.31%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 465 (11.24%) Degree
2 174 (4.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 111 (2.68%) ISTQB
4 76 (1.84%) Master's Degree
5 54 (1.31%) Security Cleared
6 49 (1.18%) ISEB
7 37 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 33 (0.80%) SC Cleared
9 28 (0.68%) AWS Certification
10 24 (0.58%) SANS
11 23 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
12 19 (0.46%) PhD
13 17 (0.41%) CCNP
14 8 (0.19%) CISSP
14 8 (0.19%) DBS Check
14 8 (0.19%) GIAC
14 8 (0.19%) RHCE
14 8 (0.19%) RHCSA
15 7 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 6 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,271 (30.72%) QA
2 158 (3.82%) Accessibility
3 49 (1.18%) GDPR
4 34 (0.82%) WCAG
5 24 (0.58%) PSD2
6 23 (0.56%) SLA
7 18 (0.44%) PMO
8 14 (0.34%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.17%) ISO 20022
10 6 (0.15%) ISO 15022
10 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.073%) NIST
12 2 (0.048%) COREP
12 2 (0.048%) IEC 61508
12 2 (0.048%) NCSC
13 1 (0.024%) DICOM
13 1 (0.024%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.024%) ISO 8583
13 1 (0.024%) ISO 9000
13 1 (0.024%) JSP 440
System Software
1 994 (24.03%) Docker
2 19 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
4 13 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 11 (0.27%) ISA Server
6 9 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
7 7 (0.17%) LXC
8 4 (0.097%) HDFS
8 4 (0.097%) Varnish
9 2 (0.048%) Firmware
9 2 (0.048%) Snort
9 2 (0.048%) VMware Infrastructure
10 1 (0.024%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.024%) zsh
Systems Management
1 846 (20.45%) Kubernetes
2 350 (8.46%) Terraform
3 216 (5.22%) Ansible
4 107 (2.59%) Puppet
5 106 (2.56%) Opscode Chef
6 67 (1.62%) Prometheus
7 54 (1.31%) Grafana
8 37 (0.89%) Docker Swarm
9 31 (0.75%) Kibana
10 30 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
11 25 (0.60%) Mesos
12 24 (0.58%) logstash
13 22 (0.53%) HP Quality Center
14 19 (0.46%) Rancher
15 16 (0.39%) Istio
16 13 (0.31%) Consul
17 10 (0.24%) Kubeflow
17 10 (0.24%) Kustomize
18 9 (0.22%) HP ALM
18 9 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 281 (6.79%) Microsoft
2 237 (5.73%) Oracle
3 218 (5.27%) Google
4 64 (1.55%) Samsung
5 63 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
6 55 (1.33%) Cognizant
7 42 (1.02%) Splunk
8 41 (0.99%) HP
8 41 (0.99%) SAP
9 36 (0.87%) IBM
9 36 (0.87%) New Relic
10 35 (0.85%) Apple
11 31 (0.75%) Red Hat
12 30 (0.73%) Atlassian
13 28 (0.68%) BT
14 27 (0.65%) Databricks
15 26 (0.63%) LexisNexis
16 25 (0.60%) Xamarin
17 24 (0.58%) Cisco
17 24 (0.58%) ServiceNow