Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 78 64
Rank change year-on-year +9 -14 -6
Contract jobs citing QA 593 924 1,741
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.35% 3.07% 3.97%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 33.24% 32.14% 38.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 466 638 1,307
Median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £325 £325 £314
90th Percentile £650 £656 £625
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 16
Median hourly rate £20.00 £12.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% -66.67% +64.38%
10th Percentile £17.59 £11.13 £10.63
90th Percentile £25.48 £40.39 £53.50
England median hourly rate £19.18 £21.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -9.76% -43.33% +71.23%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 1,784 2,875 4,551
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.07% 9.55% 10.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,214 2,020 3,130
Median daily rate £500 £495 £483
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +2.59% -1.03%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £283
90th Percentile £660 £663 £664
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 46 63
Median hourly rate £22.00 £18.70 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -4.10% +4.28%
10th Percentile £16.80 £12.00 £10.55
90th Percentile £51.06 £46.84 £47.00
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.21 £20.04
% change year-on-year +4.18% +0.84% +0.19%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +8 82 £475 -8.65% 62
West London +18 26 £500 -6.54% 30
South London +49 23 £463 +2.78% 4
East London +29 2 £450 +12.50% 10
North London +8 2 £300 -33.33%
QA
England

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 277 (46.71%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (25.97%) Java
2 154 (25.97%) Test Automation
3 132 (22.26%) Finance
4 113 (19.06%) SQL
5 108 (18.21%) DevOps
6 96 (16.19%) Python
7 89 (15.01%) JavaScript
7 89 (15.01%) TDD
8 88 (14.84%) AWS
9 84 (14.17%) Azure
10 78 (13.15%) Scrum
10 78 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
11 74 (12.48%) Security Cleared
12 73 (12.31%) Git (software)
13 72 (12.14%) Selenium
14 71 (11.97%) SC Cleared
14 71 (11.97%) BDD
15 69 (11.64%) JIRA
16 65 (10.96%) HTML
16 65 (10.96%) Analytical Skills
17 64 (10.79%) Microservices
18 63 (10.62%) Linux
19 62 (10.46%) Jenkins
20 57 (9.61%) SDLC
21 53 (8.94%) User Experience
22 52 (8.77%) Project Management
23 51 (8.60%) Banking
24 49 (8.26%) Data Warehouse
24 49 (8.26%) ETL

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.56%) Confluence
2 18 (3.04%) Apache
3 15 (2.53%) Apache Spark
3 15 (2.53%) SharePoint
4 11 (1.85%) IIS
5 9 (1.52%) CMS
6 8 (1.35%) Appian
6 8 (1.35%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 6 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (0.84%) JBoss
9 4 (0.67%) BizTalk Server
9 4 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.51%) WildFly
11 2 (0.34%) nginx
11 2 (0.34%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
11 2 (0.34%) WebLogic
Applications
1 19 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (2.19%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (1.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (1.35%) MS Visio
5 6 (1.01%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.51%) Sketch
7 2 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.34%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.34%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.34%) Revit
8 1 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.17%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.17%) InVision
8 1 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (1.01%) Magento
2 3 (0.51%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.51%) Shopify
2 3 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.34%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.34%) Oracle FAH
3 2 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.34%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.17%) BASE24
4 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.17%) OpenText Process Suite
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.17%) PeopleSoft Financials
4 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.17%) StreamServe
4 1 (0.17%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 88 (14.84%) AWS
2 84 (14.17%) Azure
3 29 (4.89%) GitHub
4 24 (4.05%) GCP
5 18 (3.04%) Amazon S3
6 12 (2.02%) Slack
7 11 (1.85%) Serverless
8 10 (1.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 10 (1.69%) AWS Lambda
8 10 (1.69%) Power Platform
8 10 (1.69%) SaaS
9 8 (1.35%) Amazon ECS
9 8 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
10 7 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
10 7 (1.18%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 7 (1.18%) AWS Step Functions
11 6 (1.01%) Adobe Analytics
11 6 (1.01%) Amazon EMR
11 6 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
12 5 (0.84%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 22 (3.71%) HTTP
2 6 (1.01%) TCP/IP
3 5 (0.84%) DNS
3 5 (0.84%) Firewall
4 4 (0.67%) DVB
4 4 (0.67%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.51%) SSH
6 2 (0.34%) FIX Connectivity
6 2 (0.34%) FTP
6 2 (0.34%) SMS
6 2 (0.34%) VPN
6 2 (0.34%) WAN
6 2 (0.34%) Wireless
7 1 (0.17%) ATM
7 1 (0.17%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.17%) DHCP
7 1 (0.17%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.17%) Internet
7 1 (0.17%) LAN
7 1 (0.17%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (8.26%) Data Warehouse
2 38 (6.41%) MySQL
3 30 (5.06%) Big Data
4 26 (4.38%) Data Lake
5 25 (4.22%) SQL Server
6 22 (3.71%) Relational Database
7 20 (3.37%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (3.04%) NoSQL
9 16 (2.70%) Amazon Redshift
10 15 (2.53%) Tableau
11 13 (2.19%) Amazon Athena
11 13 (2.19%) Redis
12 12 (2.02%) BigQuery
13 11 (1.85%) Bigtable
13 11 (1.85%) Cloud Spanner
13 11 (1.85%) Hadoop
14 10 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 10 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
14 10 (1.69%) Power BI
14 10 (1.69%) Redshift Spectrum
Development Applications
1 73 (12.31%) Git (software)
2 72 (12.14%) Selenium
3 69 (11.64%) JIRA
4 62 (10.46%) Jenkins
5 32 (5.40%) Maven
6 26 (4.38%) Cucumber
7 25 (4.22%) LoadRunner
8 24 (4.05%) JMeter
9 18 (3.04%) SpecFlow
10 16 (2.70%) Postman
11 13 (2.19%) GDB
11 13 (2.19%) SoapUI
12 12 (2.02%) Cypress.io
13 11 (1.85%) Appium
13 11 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
14 10 (1.69%) Gradle
15 9 (1.52%) GCC
15 9 (1.52%) GitLab
15 9 (1.52%) JUnit
16 7 (1.18%) TestNG
General
1 132 (22.26%) Finance
2 51 (8.60%) Banking
3 28 (4.72%) Public Sector
4 26 (4.38%) Retail
5 25 (4.22%) Marketing
6 18 (3.04%) Advertising
6 18 (3.04%) Financial Institution
7 16 (2.70%) Investment Banking
8 14 (2.36%) Front Office
9 13 (2.19%) Manufacturing
10 11 (1.85%) Law
10 11 (1.85%) Legal
10 11 (1.85%) Telecoms
11 7 (1.18%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.67%) Back Office
12 4 (0.67%) Games
13 3 (0.51%) Electronics
13 3 (0.51%) Japanese Language
13 3 (0.51%) Spanish Language
14 2 (0.34%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 125 (21.08%) Developer
2 81 (13.66%) Analyst
3 75 (12.65%) QA Engineer
4 40 (6.75%) Architect
5 38 (6.41%) Tester
6 36 (6.07%) Data Engineer
6 36 (6.07%) QA Automation Engineer
7 34 (5.73%) Automation Engineer
8 31 (5.23%) Business Analyst
9 28 (4.72%) Java Engineer
10 27 (4.55%) AWS Engineer
10 27 (4.55%) Senior QA Engineer
11 26 (4.38%) QA Analyst
12 22 (3.71%) QA Tester
13 21 (3.54%) Consultant
14 19 (3.20%) DevOps Engineer
15 13 (2.19%) Automation Tester
15 13 (2.19%) AWS DevOps
16 12 (2.02%) AWS Developer
16 12 (2.02%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (10.96%) HTML
2 45 (7.59%) CSS
3 44 (7.42%) REST
4 43 (7.25%) .NET
5 35 (5.90%) Web Services
6 32 (5.40%) AngularJS
7 29 (4.89%) React
8 28 (4.72%) Node.js
9 23 (3.88%) SOAP
9 23 (3.88%) Spring
10 21 (3.54%) HTML5
10 21 (3.54%) RESTful
11 19 (3.20%) JSON
11 19 (3.20%) Kafka
12 17 (2.87%) FIX Protocol
12 17 (2.87%) Spring Boot
12 17 (2.87%) XML
13 14 (2.36%) GraphQL
14 11 (1.85%) ASP.NET
14 11 (1.85%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 65 (10.96%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (8.94%) User Experience
3 26 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (4.22%) Mobile App
5 23 (3.88%) Management Information System
6 19 (3.20%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (2.87%) Virtual Team
8 14 (2.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 12 (2.02%) Public Cloud
10 11 (1.85%) Data Structures
10 11 (1.85%) Fixed Income
11 10 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (1.52%) Equities
12 9 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
13 7 (1.18%) Algorithms
14 6 (1.01%) Clustering
14 6 (1.01%) Video\Live Streaming
15 5 (0.84%) Contract for Difference
15 5 (0.84%) Mobile Banking
15 5 (0.84%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 63 (10.62%) Linux
2 32 (5.40%) Apple iOS
3 30 (5.06%) Windows
4 27 (4.55%) Android
4 27 (4.55%) Unix
5 4 (0.67%) Windows Mobile
6 3 (0.51%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.34%) AIX
7 2 (0.34%) CentOS
7 2 (0.34%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.34%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.17%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 277 (46.71%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (25.97%) Test Automation
3 108 (18.21%) DevOps
4 89 (15.01%) TDD
5 78 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
5 78 (13.15%) Scrum
6 71 (11.97%) BDD
7 64 (10.79%) Microservices
8 57 (9.61%) SDLC
9 52 (8.77%) Project Management
10 49 (8.26%) ETL
11 45 (7.59%) Analytics
12 42 (7.08%) Test Strategy
13 40 (6.75%) Continuous Integration
13 40 (6.75%) Migration
14 38 (6.41%) Computer Science
15 37 (6.24%) Open Source
16 36 (6.07%) Acceptance Criteria
16 36 (6.07%) Regression Testing
16 36 (6.07%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 154 (25.97%) Java
2 113 (19.06%) SQL
3 96 (16.19%) Python
4 89 (15.01%) JavaScript
5 43 (7.25%) C#
6 29 (4.89%) C++
7 26 (4.38%) Java 8
8 24 (4.05%) Bash Shell
9 23 (3.88%) TypeScript
10 20 (3.37%) C
11 18 (3.04%) PowerShell
12 17 (2.87%) Ruby
13 15 (2.53%) Shell Script
14 12 (2.02%) Perl
15 11 (1.85%) PL/SQL
16 9 (1.52%) Scala
17 7 (1.18%) VB
18 6 (1.01%) Apple Swift
19 5 (0.84%) ES6
19 5 (0.84%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 74 (12.48%) Security Cleared
2 71 (11.97%) SC Cleared
3 41 (6.91%) Degree
4 19 (3.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (2.70%) AWS Certification
6 11 (1.85%) ISEB
6 11 (1.85%) ISTQB
7 6 (1.01%) DV Cleared
7 6 (1.01%) Master's Degree
7 6 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
8 5 (0.84%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 4 (0.67%) BICSI Certification
9 4 (0.67%) BICSI RCDD
9 4 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.67%) EnCE
9 4 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.34%) CISSP
10 2 (0.34%) ISEB Practitioner
10 2 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.18%) NIST
2 5 (0.84%) Data Quality
2 5 (0.84%) PMO
2 5 (0.84%) Section 508
3 4 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 17025
3 4 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.67%) PCI DSS
3 4 (0.67%) WAI
4 2 (0.34%) COREP
4 2 (0.34%) CRD IV
4 2 (0.34%) ISO 8583
4 2 (0.34%) MiFID
4 2 (0.34%) SLA
5 1 (0.17%) GDPR
5 1 (0.17%) ISO 13485
5 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.17%) PMBOK
5 1 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 45 (7.59%) Docker
2 11 (1.85%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.01%) HDFS
4 4 (0.67%) Hyper-V
4 4 (0.67%) KVM
5 3 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.34%) Varnish
6 2 (0.34%) Xen
7 1 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 25 (4.22%) Terraform
2 22 (3.71%) Kubernetes
3 11 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (1.69%) Ansible
5 9 (1.52%) Puppet
6 7 (1.18%) Grafana
6 7 (1.18%) Kibana
7 6 (1.01%) Nagios
8 4 (0.67%) EnCase
8 4 (0.67%) FTK
8 4 (0.67%) Rundeck
9 3 (0.51%) OpenView
9 3 (0.51%) SCCM
10 2 (0.34%) Data Guard
10 2 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.34%) Mesos
10 2 (0.34%) Oracle RMAN
11 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
11 1 (0.17%) Packer
11 1 (0.17%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 46 (7.76%) Microsoft
2 39 (6.58%) Oracle
3 30 (5.06%) Salesforce.com
4 22 (3.71%) Google
5 14 (2.36%) Splunk
6 13 (2.19%) Adobe
6 13 (2.19%) SAP
7 10 (1.69%) HP
8 9 (1.52%) Informatica
9 6 (1.01%) Cloudera
9 6 (1.01%) hybris
10 5 (0.84%) Atlassian
10 5 (0.84%) CA Agile Central
10 5 (0.84%) New Relic
11 4 (0.67%) AppDynamics
11 4 (0.67%) Cellebrite
11 4 (0.67%) iManage
11 4 (0.67%) Nuix
11 4 (0.67%) ServiceNow
12 3 (0.51%) Sparx