Period
to 17 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 17 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
17 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 64 62 61
Rank change year-on-year -2 -1 0
Contract jobs citing QA 1,706 1,866 1,566
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.93% 4.01% 3.79%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 37.86% 31.47% 31.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,237 1,352 1,120
London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £638 £620
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 11 15
London median hourly rate £36.00 £21.90 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +64.38% +6.83% -6.00%
10th Percentile £10.60 £12.00 £9.90
90th Percentile £47.00 £43.75 £63.90
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £22.90
% change year-on-year - +52.87% -0.46%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,506 5,929 4,945
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.39% 12.73% 11.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,035 4,196 3,428
London median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £290 £300 £281
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 88 79
London median hourly rate £21.50 £19.50 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.26% -4.88% -6.82%
10th Percentile £10.70 £12.78 £11.88
90th Percentile £43.75 £57.50 £47.25
England median hourly rate £21.00 £21.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -0.01% - -16.00%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 17 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 337 £475 +2.70% 163
West London +14 106 £500 +2.04% 94
South London +1 67 £470 -1.57% 15
East London -49 27 £488 -4.88% 29
North London -5 2 £475 +15.15% 10
QA
England

For the 6 months to 17 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 921 (53.99%) Agile Software Development
2 619 (36.28%) Test Automation
3 464 (27.20%) Finance
4 431 (25.26%) Java
5 358 (20.98%) Scrum
6 348 (20.40%) Selenium
6 348 (20.40%) BDD
7 316 (18.52%) SQL
8 308 (18.05%) JavaScript
9 294 (17.23%) TDD
10 278 (16.30%) DevOps
11 260 (15.24%) Jenkins
12 237 (13.89%) Banking
13 236 (13.83%) JIRA
14 230 (13.48%) C#
15 222 (13.01%) Continuous Integration
16 217 (12.72%) Cucumber
17 205 (12.02%) Analytical Skills
18 188 (11.02%) .NET
19 184 (10.79%) User Experience
20 178 (10.43%) Git (software)
20 178 (10.43%) Software Engineering
21 169 (9.91%) Python
22 166 (9.73%) Amazon AWS
23 159 (9.32%) HTML
23 159 (9.32%) REST
24 158 (9.26%) Microsoft Azure
25 150 (8.79%) Problem-Solving
26 147 (8.62%) Test Strategy
27 146 (8.56%) Analytics

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (6.04%) Confluence
2 41 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
3 38 (2.23%) IIS
4 36 (2.11%) CMS
5 32 (1.88%) SharePoint
6 25 (1.47%) Apache Spark
7 24 (1.41%) WebSphere
8 20 (1.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 13 (0.76%) Mule
10 11 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 11 (0.64%) SAS
11 10 (0.59%) Anypoint
11 10 (0.59%) Apache
12 9 (0.53%) WordPress
13 8 (0.47%) Mule ESB
13 8 (0.47%) NServiceBus
14 7 (0.41%) WebLogic
15 6 (0.35%) nginx
15 6 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.35%) Tomcat
Applications
1 82 (4.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (1.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 22 (1.29%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (1.06%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.70%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.59%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.47%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.23%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.18%) InVision
10 1 (0.059%) HipChat
10 1 (0.059%) Mathematica
10 1 (0.059%) Mingle
10 1 (0.059%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 13 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
2 12 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.70%) Oracle Retail
3 6 (0.35%) PeopleSoft HCM
3 6 (0.35%) PeopleSoft HRMS
3 6 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
3 6 (0.35%) thinkFolio
4 5 (0.29%) Eloqua
4 5 (0.29%) Loan IQ
4 5 (0.29%) Markit EDM
4 5 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
4 5 (0.29%) SAP GRC
4 5 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 4 (0.23%) Fredhopper
5 4 (0.23%) Northgate Housing
5 4 (0.23%) OPENHousing
5 4 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
6 3 (0.18%) Misys Midas
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 166 (9.73%) Amazon AWS
2 158 (9.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 79 (4.63%) GitHub
4 35 (2.05%) SaaS
5 29 (1.70%) Google Cloud Platform
6 28 (1.64%) PaaS
6 28 (1.64%) Serverless
7 27 (1.58%) Dynamics 365
8 21 (1.23%) Adobe Analytics
9 20 (1.17%) IaaS
9 20 (1.17%) Office 365
10 16 (0.94%) BrowserStack
10 16 (0.94%) Slack
11 14 (0.82%) Amazon S3
11 14 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
12 13 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
12 13 (0.76%) Sauce Labs
13 12 (0.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 12 (0.70%) Amazon EC2
13 12 (0.70%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.05%) HTTP
2 16 (0.94%) Firewall
3 12 (0.70%) DNS
4 10 (0.59%) Internet
4 10 (0.59%) VLAN
5 8 (0.47%) SSL
5 8 (0.47%) VSAN
6 7 (0.41%) VPN
7 6 (0.35%) FTP
7 6 (0.35%) HTTPS
8 5 (0.29%) Wireshark
9 4 (0.23%) BGP
9 4 (0.23%) DMZ
9 4 (0.23%) Network Security
9 4 (0.23%) OSPF
10 3 (0.18%) AMQP
10 3 (0.18%) Cisco Nexus
10 3 (0.18%) MPLS
10 3 (0.18%) Skype
11 2 (0.12%) Spanning Tree
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (8.15%) SQL Server
2 57 (3.34%) Data Warehouse
3 50 (2.93%) PostgreSQL
4 41 (2.40%) Relational Database
5 40 (2.34%) MySQL
5 40 (2.34%) NoSQL
6 35 (2.05%) Big Data
6 35 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 34 (1.99%) MongoDB
8 33 (1.93%) Power BI
9 29 (1.70%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 26 (1.52%) Hadoop
11 24 (1.41%) Microsoft Analysis Services
12 23 (1.35%) Oracle Database
13 20 (1.17%) KDB
13 20 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
14 18 (1.06%) Apache Hive
15 17 (1.00%) Data Lake
16 15 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
16 15 (0.88%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 348 (20.40%) Selenium
2 260 (15.24%) Jenkins
3 236 (13.83%) JIRA
4 217 (12.72%) Cucumber
5 178 (10.43%) Git (software)
6 139 (8.15%) WebDriver
7 80 (4.69%) SpecFlow
8 66 (3.87%) TeamCity
9 65 (3.81%) Appium
10 57 (3.34%) SoapUI
11 50 (2.93%) JUnit
11 50 (2.93%) Maven
12 46 (2.70%) Visual Studio
13 41 (2.40%) Bitbucket
14 39 (2.29%) Mocha
15 38 (2.23%) JMeter
15 38 (2.23%) Team Foundation Server
16 36 (2.11%) Visual Studio Team System
17 35 (2.05%) Protractor
18 34 (1.99%) Subversion
General
1 464 (27.20%) Finance
2 237 (13.89%) Banking
3 87 (5.10%) Retail
4 74 (4.34%) Marketing
5 64 (3.75%) Front Office
6 48 (2.81%) Investment Banking
7 30 (1.76%) Financial Institution
7 30 (1.76%) Publishing
8 28 (1.64%) Legal
9 25 (1.47%) Law
10 24 (1.41%) Back Office
11 21 (1.23%) Retail Banking
12 18 (1.06%) Games
13 10 (0.59%) Telecoms
14 9 (0.53%) Automotive
14 9 (0.53%) French Language
15 8 (0.47%) General Ledger
15 8 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.41%) Advertising
17 6 (0.35%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 444 (26.03%) Developer
2 256 (15.01%) Analyst
3 163 (9.55%) QA Engineer
4 157 (9.20%) Tester
5 94 (5.51%) Test Engineer
6 91 (5.33%) QA Tester
7 88 (5.16%) Java Developer
8 84 (4.92%) Test Analyst
9 71 (4.16%) QA Analyst
10 70 (4.10%) Business Analyst
11 66 (3.87%) .NET Developer
11 66 (3.87%) DevOps Engineer
12 65 (3.81%) Architect
13 62 (3.63%) C# Developer
13 62 (3.63%) QA Leader
14 60 (3.52%) Consultant
15 58 (3.40%) QA Automation Engineer
15 58 (3.40%) Test Leader
16 54 (3.17%) Automation Tester
16 54 (3.17%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 188 (11.02%) .NET
2 159 (9.32%) HTML
2 159 (9.32%) REST
3 141 (8.26%) Node.js
4 129 (7.56%) CSS
5 115 (6.74%) Web Services
6 101 (5.92%) AngularJS
7 86 (5.04%) RESTful
8 83 (4.87%) React
9 80 (4.69%) JSON
9 80 (4.69%) Spring
10 67 (3.93%) HTML5
11 63 (3.69%) XML
12 59 (3.46%) SOAP
13 51 (2.99%) Gherkin
14 44 (2.58%) Redux
14 44 (2.58%) Sass
15 43 (2.52%) Middleware
16 42 (2.46%) jQuery
16 42 (2.46%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 205 (12.02%) Analytical Skills
2 184 (10.79%) User Experience
3 125 (7.33%) Mobile App
4 64 (3.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 56 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
6 55 (3.22%) Fintech
7 40 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
8 39 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
9 36 (2.11%) Data Structures
10 35 (2.05%) Algorithms
11 31 (1.82%) Management Information System
12 27 (1.58%) Video on Demand
13 25 (1.47%) Data Centre
14 21 (1.23%) Virtual Team
15 20 (1.17%) Over-the-Top Content
16 18 (1.06%) Video\Live Streaming
17 16 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
18 13 (0.76%) Equities
18 13 (0.76%) Fixed Income
18 13 (0.76%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 124 (7.27%) Linux
2 107 (6.27%) Android
3 102 (5.98%) Apple iOS
4 79 (4.63%) Windows
5 67 (3.93%) Unix
6 16 (0.94%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
8 9 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (0.35%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.23%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.18%) CentOS
11 3 (0.18%) Solaris
11 3 (0.18%) tvOS
12 2 (0.12%) Android TV
12 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.12%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.12%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.059%) AIX
13 1 (0.059%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 921 (53.99%) Agile Software Development
2 619 (36.28%) Test Automation
3 358 (20.98%) Scrum
4 348 (20.40%) BDD
5 294 (17.23%) TDD
6 278 (16.30%) DevOps
7 222 (13.01%) Continuous Integration
8 178 (10.43%) Software Engineering
9 150 (8.79%) Problem-Solving
10 147 (8.62%) Test Strategy
11 146 (8.56%) Analytics
11 146 (8.56%) Test Scripting
11 146 (8.56%) User Acceptance Testing
12 141 (8.26%) Microservices
13 125 (7.33%) E-Commerce
13 125 (7.33%) Manual Testing
14 123 (7.21%) Kanban
15 115 (6.74%) SDLC
16 114 (6.68%) Acceptance Criteria
16 114 (6.68%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 431 (25.26%) Java
2 316 (18.52%) SQL
3 308 (18.05%) JavaScript
4 230 (13.48%) C#
5 169 (9.91%) Python
6 57 (3.34%) PowerShell
7 49 (2.87%) PL/SQL
7 49 (2.87%) Ruby
8 48 (2.81%) T-SQL
9 45 (2.64%) Bash Shell
10 34 (1.99%) Java 8
11 33 (1.93%) PHP
12 31 (1.82%) C++
12 31 (1.82%) ES6
13 30 (1.76%) Shell Script
13 30 (1.76%) TypeScript
14 28 (1.64%) Scala
14 28 (1.64%) VB
15 27 (1.58%) VBA
16 24 (1.41%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 109 (6.39%) Degree
2 82 (4.81%) Security Cleared
3 67 (3.93%) SC Cleared
4 31 (1.82%) ISTQB
5 26 (1.52%) ISEB
6 21 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (0.64%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 10 (0.59%) PMI Certification
9 9 (0.53%) PMP
10 8 (0.47%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
10 8 (0.47%) PhD
11 7 (0.41%) ACCA
11 7 (0.41%) CISA
12 6 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.29%) MCSE
14 4 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
14 4 (0.23%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (2.70%) Data Quality
2 26 (1.52%) PMO
3 22 (1.29%) SEPA
4 19 (1.11%) GDPR
5 15 (0.88%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 11 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.64%) SLA
6 11 (0.64%) WCAG
7 9 (0.53%) MiFID
8 7 (0.41%) PSD2
9 6 (0.35%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.29%) ISO 9001
11 4 (0.23%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 4 (0.23%) GMP
11 4 (0.23%) GxP
11 4 (0.23%) TARGET2
12 3 (0.18%) IFRS
13 2 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
13 2 (0.12%) EMIR
14 1 (0.059%) Section 508
System Software
1 111 (6.51%) Docker
2 24 (1.41%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (0.64%) XenDesktop
4 10 (0.59%) Apache Flume
5 9 (0.53%) vSphere
6 8 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.35%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.35%) XenApp
8 3 (0.18%) HDFS
8 3 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.059%) KVM
10 1 (0.059%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 54 (3.17%) Kubernetes
2 40 (2.34%) Ansible
3 39 (2.29%) Terraform
4 37 (2.17%) Puppet
5 35 (2.05%) HP Quality Center
6 32 (1.88%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (1.17%) Kibana
8 18 (1.06%) Nagios
9 14 (0.82%) logstash
9 14 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
10 10 (0.59%) HP ALM
11 9 (0.53%) Grafana
11 9 (0.53%) Salt
12 8 (0.47%) CloudHub
12 8 (0.47%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
14 5 (0.29%) Oozie
15 4 (0.23%) CA Single Sign-On
15 4 (0.23%) Prometheus
16 3 (0.18%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 129 (7.56%) Microsoft
2 108 (6.33%) Oracle
3 51 (2.99%) HP
4 45 (2.64%) Adobe
5 40 (2.34%) SAP
6 39 (2.29%) Google
7 34 (1.99%) Citrix
8 27 (1.58%) IBM
9 23 (1.35%) VMware
10 22 (1.29%) Splunk
11 21 (1.23%) New Relic
11 21 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
12 17 (1.00%) Tableau
13 16 (0.94%) AppDynamics
14 15 (0.88%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 14 (0.82%) MuleSoft
16 11 (0.64%) Atlassian
16 11 (0.64%) Dell
16 11 (0.64%) Dynatrace
16 11 (0.64%) hybris