Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 63 68 65
Rank change year-on-year +5 -3 +5
Contract jobs citing QA 765 799 1,604
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.55% 3.28% 3.76%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 32.66% 33.25% 36.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 512 566 1,142
10th Percentile £345 £319 £325
25th Percentile £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year -2.50% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £575 £575 £563
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £475 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 8 12
10th Percentile £15.75 £16.83 £10.75
25th Percentile £18.13 £24.88 £13.19
Median hourly rate £20.50 £35.98 £25.75
Median % change year-on-year -43.02% +39.73% +17.58%
75th Percentile £24.38 £38.75 £39.00
90th Percentile £25.61 £45.50 "
England median hourly rate £18.50 £21.50 £27.00
% change year-on-year -13.95% -20.37% +23.29%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 2,342 2,403 4,452
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.86% 9.86% 10.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,590 1,729 3,044
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £407 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +1.01% -1.00% +2.04%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £594
90th Percentile £675 £658 £675
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 41 55
10th Percentile £14.00 £15.53 £12.50
25th Percentile £18.13 £18.70 £15.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £26.48 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year -24.47% +23.16% -
75th Percentile £25.92 £38.75 £29.38
90th Percentile £35.63 £51.25 £43.46
England median hourly rate £20.00 £23.18 £20.25
% change year-on-year -13.70% +14.47% -7.09%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +12 118 £509 -1.21% 90
West London +10 38 £510 -2.86% 20
South London +44 20 £555 +23.33% 4
East London +20 3 £465 +16.25% 13
QA
England

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 369 (48.24%) Agile Software Development
2 197 (25.75%) Test Automation
3 194 (25.36%) Finance
4 167 (21.83%) DevOps
5 158 (20.65%) Java
6 141 (18.43%) SQL
6 141 (18.43%) TDD
7 136 (17.78%) Azure
8 124 (16.21%) JavaScript
9 113 (14.77%) Python
10 107 (13.99%) JIRA
11 104 (13.59%) BDD
12 103 (13.46%) AWS
12 103 (13.46%) Scrum
13 97 (12.68%) Analytical Skills
14 95 (12.42%) Software Engineering
15 92 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
16 87 (11.37%) Banking
17 86 (11.24%) Jenkins
18 85 (11.11%) Analytics
19 84 (10.98%) Git (software)
20 83 (10.85%) .NET
21 80 (10.46%) Security Cleared
21 80 (10.46%) Microservices
22 78 (10.20%) C#
23 76 (9.93%) Project Management
23 76 (9.93%) Selenium
24 75 (9.80%) SC Cleared
25 72 (9.41%) Microsoft
26 71 (9.28%) AngularJS

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (6.27%) SharePoint
2 46 (6.01%) Confluence
3 24 (3.14%) Apache Spark
4 18 (2.35%) Apache
5 13 (1.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 10 (1.31%) CMS
7 6 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.52%) Oracle Coherence
10 3 (0.39%) Appian
10 3 (0.39%) Jupyter
10 3 (0.39%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.39%) WildFly
11 2 (0.26%) Anypoint
11 2 (0.26%) Camunda
11 2 (0.26%) IIS
11 2 (0.26%) JBoss
11 2 (0.26%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.26%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 36 (4.71%) Microsoft Excel
1 36 (4.71%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (3.01%) Microsoft Project
3 16 (2.09%) MS Visio
4 15 (1.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.65%) AutoCAD
5 5 (0.65%) Revit
6 4 (0.52%) Sketch
7 3 (0.39%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.13%) Figma
8 1 (0.13%) InVision
8 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.65%) Magento
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle EBS R12
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle ERP
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle FAH
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle Payables
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle Receivables
2 4 (0.52%) Summit
3 3 (0.39%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 3 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.39%) Shopify
4 2 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle AGIS
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
4 2 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.13%) CA PPM
5 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.13%) PeopleSoft Financials
Cloud Services
1 136 (17.78%) Azure
2 103 (13.46%) AWS
3 45 (5.88%) GCP
4 35 (4.58%) Power Platform
5 34 (4.44%) GitHub
6 33 (4.31%) Azure Active Directory
7 20 (2.61%) Amazon S3
8 16 (2.09%) PaaS
9 15 (1.96%) IaaS
10 14 (1.83%) AWS Lambda
10 14 (1.83%) Serverless
10 14 (1.83%) Slack
11 12 (1.57%) SaaS
12 10 (1.31%) Microsoft 365
13 8 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (1.05%) Amazon ECS
13 8 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
13 8 (1.05%) AWS Step Functions
14 7 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
14 7 (0.92%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.48%) HTTP
2 10 (1.31%) FTP
2 10 (1.31%) SAN
3 8 (1.05%) NAS
4 6 (0.78%) DNS
5 5 (0.65%) Firewall
5 5 (0.65%) Internet
6 4 (0.52%) LAN
6 4 (0.52%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.52%) WAN
7 3 (0.39%) Structured Cabling
7 3 (0.39%) Wireless
7 3 (0.39%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.26%) BGP
8 2 (0.26%) EIGRP
8 2 (0.26%) Multicast
8 2 (0.26%) OSPF
8 2 (0.26%) SSH
8 2 (0.26%) TACACS
8 2 (0.26%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (8.76%) SQL Server
2 43 (5.62%) Data Warehouse
3 37 (4.84%) NoSQL
4 35 (4.58%) Power BI
5 30 (3.92%) Big Data
6 23 (3.01%) Hadoop
7 20 (2.61%) MySQL
7 20 (2.61%) Tableau
8 19 (2.48%) Relational Database
9 18 (2.35%) BigQuery
10 17 (2.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 17 (2.22%) Data Lake
10 17 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
11 14 (1.83%) Amazon Redshift
11 14 (1.83%) Bigtable
11 14 (1.83%) Cloud Spanner
12 13 (1.70%) Apache Hive
13 12 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
13 12 (1.57%) MongoDB
14 10 (1.31%) DB2
Development Applications
1 107 (13.99%) JIRA
2 86 (11.24%) Jenkins
3 84 (10.98%) Git (software)
4 76 (9.93%) Selenium
5 59 (7.71%) Cucumber
6 45 (5.88%) Maven
7 32 (4.18%) Octopus Deploy
8 27 (3.53%) Postman
9 24 (3.14%) SpecFlow
10 23 (3.01%) JUnit
11 20 (2.61%) Cypress.io
12 17 (2.22%) GitLab
13 16 (2.09%) SoapUI
14 15 (1.96%) JMeter
15 13 (1.70%) REST Assured
16 12 (1.57%) webpack
17 11 (1.44%) Eclipse
17 11 (1.44%) git-flow
17 11 (1.44%) LoadRunner
17 11 (1.44%) WebDriver
General
1 194 (25.36%) Finance
2 87 (11.37%) Banking
3 37 (4.84%) Retail
4 34 (4.44%) Marketing
4 34 (4.44%) Public Sector
5 23 (3.01%) Investment Banking
6 21 (2.75%) Front Office
7 18 (2.35%) Financial Institution
7 18 (2.35%) Legal
8 17 (2.22%) Advertising
9 12 (1.57%) Telecoms
10 11 (1.44%) Manufacturing
10 11 (1.44%) Publishing
11 10 (1.31%) Law
12 9 (1.18%) Games
13 7 (0.92%) Back Office
14 6 (0.78%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.65%) Electronics
15 5 (0.65%) Local Government
15 5 (0.65%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 160 (20.92%) Developer
2 113 (14.77%) Analyst
3 61 (7.97%) QA Engineer
4 51 (6.67%) Architect
5 46 (6.01%) Business Analyst
6 42 (5.49%) Tester
7 34 (4.44%) Project Manager
8 32 (4.18%) Data Engineer
9 31 (4.05%) Consultant
9 31 (4.05%) Technical Leader
10 29 (3.79%) QA Automation Engineer
11 28 (3.66%) Automation Engineer
11 28 (3.66%) AWS Engineer
11 28 (3.66%) QA Tester
12 27 (3.53%) Java Engineer
13 26 (3.40%) Java Developer
14 25 (3.27%) DevOps Engineer
15 22 (2.88%) Senior QA Engineer
16 21 (2.75%) QA Analyst
17 20 (2.61%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (10.85%) .NET
2 71 (9.28%) AngularJS
3 64 (8.37%) HTML
4 63 (8.24%) React
5 59 (7.71%) REST
6 52 (6.80%) CSS
7 44 (5.75%) Web Services
8 43 (5.62%) Node.js
9 40 (5.23%) RESTful
10 36 (4.71%) ASP.NET
11 31 (4.05%) JSON
12 28 (3.66%) ASP.NET Core
12 28 (3.66%) Spring
13 23 (3.01%) GraphQL
13 23 (3.01%) SOAP
14 21 (2.75%) Kafka
14 21 (2.75%) Spring Boot
15 20 (2.61%) FIX Protocol
16 19 (2.48%) HTML5
17 17 (2.22%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 97 (12.68%) Analytical Skills
2 65 (8.50%) User Experience
3 55 (7.19%) Greenfield Project
4 35 (4.58%) Virtual Team
5 28 (3.66%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (3.27%) Mobile App
7 17 (2.22%) Algorithms
7 17 (2.22%) Data Structures
7 17 (2.22%) Fixed Income
7 17 (2.22%) Management Information System
8 12 (1.57%) Public Cloud
9 11 (1.44%) Data Centre
10 9 (1.18%) Replication
11 8 (1.05%) AS400
11 8 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (1.05%) Equities
11 8 (1.05%) iSeries
11 8 (1.05%) LPAR
12 7 (0.92%) Clustering
12 7 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 47 (6.14%) Linux
2 41 (5.36%) Apple iOS
3 31 (4.05%) Windows
4 22 (2.88%) Android
5 20 (2.61%) Unix
6 7 (0.92%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.65%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.52%) AIX
9 2 (0.26%) CentOS
9 2 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.13%) VMS
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 369 (48.24%) Agile Software Development
2 197 (25.75%) Test Automation
3 167 (21.83%) DevOps
4 141 (18.43%) TDD
5 104 (13.59%) BDD
6 103 (13.46%) Scrum
7 95 (12.42%) Software Engineering
8 92 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
9 85 (11.11%) Analytics
10 80 (10.46%) Microservices
11 76 (9.93%) Project Management
12 66 (8.63%) Continuous Integration
13 65 (8.50%) Mentoring
13 65 (8.50%) SDLC
14 64 (8.37%) Continuous Improvement
15 61 (7.97%) Migration
16 58 (7.58%) Computer Science
17 55 (7.19%) Test Strategy
18 54 (7.06%) Stakeholder Management
19 51 (6.67%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 158 (20.65%) Java
2 141 (18.43%) SQL
3 124 (16.21%) JavaScript
4 113 (14.77%) Python
5 78 (10.20%) C#
6 60 (7.84%) TypeScript
7 45 (5.88%) PowerShell
8 30 (3.92%) C++
9 19 (2.48%) Bash Shell
10 17 (2.22%) Java 8
10 17 (2.22%) Shell Script
11 15 (1.96%) Ruby
11 15 (1.96%) Scala
12 10 (1.31%) ES6
13 9 (1.18%) C
14 8 (1.05%) VB
15 7 (0.92%) Objective-C
15 7 (0.92%) R
15 7 (0.92%) VBA
16 6 (0.78%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 80 (10.46%) Security Cleared
2 75 (9.80%) SC Cleared
3 60 (7.84%) Degree
4 23 (3.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.96%) ISTQB
6 13 (1.70%) AWS Certification
7 10 (1.31%) ISEB
7 10 (1.31%) PMP
8 8 (1.05%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.92%) BICSI Certification
9 7 (0.92%) BICSI RCDD
9 7 (0.92%) PMI Certification
10 5 (0.65%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.52%) CISSP
11 4 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.39%) CISM
12 3 (0.39%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.39%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (1.70%) Data Quality
1 13 (1.70%) PMO
2 6 (0.78%) MiFID
3 5 (0.65%) NIST
4 4 (0.52%) GDPR
5 3 (0.39%) FATCA
5 3 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.39%) NCSC
6 2 (0.26%) COREP
6 2 (0.26%) CRD IV
6 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 17025
6 2 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.26%) Section 508
6 2 (0.26%) SEPA
6 2 (0.26%) SLA
6 2 (0.26%) TARGET2
6 2 (0.26%) WAI
6 2 (0.26%) WCAG
7 1 (0.13%) PMBOK
System Software
1 40 (5.23%) Active Directory
2 37 (4.84%) Docker
3 8 (1.05%) HDFS
3 8 (1.05%) PowerHA
4 4 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.26%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.26%) KVM
6 2 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.13%) Varnish
7 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 32 (4.18%) Kubernetes
2 29 (3.79%) Terraform
3 11 (1.44%) Ansible
4 7 (0.92%) Grafana
5 6 (0.78%) Puppet
6 5 (0.65%) Prometheus
6 5 (0.65%) ZABBIX
7 4 (0.52%) HP Quality Center
7 4 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.39%) Kibana
9 2 (0.26%) Consul
9 2 (0.26%) Control-M
9 2 (0.26%) ITRS Geneos
9 2 (0.26%) Mesos
9 2 (0.26%) Packer
9 2 (0.26%) SCCM
9 2 (0.26%) SCOM
10 1 (0.13%) Core Impact
10 1 (0.13%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.13%) Istio
Vendors
1 72 (9.41%) Microsoft
2 47 (6.14%) Oracle
3 35 (4.58%) Google
4 26 (3.40%) Salesforce.com
5 22 (2.88%) SAP
6 20 (2.61%) Adobe
7 18 (2.35%) IBM
8 16 (2.09%) Splunk
9 9 (1.18%) HP
9 9 (1.18%) New Relic
10 7 (0.92%) ServiceNow
11 6 (0.78%) Atlassian
11 6 (0.78%) Cloudera
12 5 (0.65%) hybris
12 5 (0.65%) TIBCO
13 4 (0.52%) Informatica
13 4 (0.52%) Spiceworks
13 4 (0.52%) Talend
14 3 (0.39%) Alteryx
14 3 (0.39%) CyberArk