Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 76 69
Rank change year-on-year +7 -7 +6
Contract jobs citing QA 927 589 1,428
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.62% 3.25% 3.56%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 29.99% 29.64% 32.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 626 413 993
10th Percentile £339 £320 £325
25th Percentile £413 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
75th Percentile £595 £575 £550
90th Percentile £688 £638 £625
England median daily rate £475 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 8
10th Percentile £14.00 £23.01 £17.58
25th Percentile £14.46 £29.62 £20.79
Median hourly rate £20.00 £38.48 £25.75
Median % change year-on-year -48.02% +49.42% +17.58%
75th Percentile £25.00 £38.75 £31.69
90th Percentile £25.85 £50.00 £36.53
England median hourly rate £18.50 £21.25 £22.50
% change year-on-year -12.94% -5.56% +2.74%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,091 1,987 4,388
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.08% 10.98% 10.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,110 1,386 2,983
10th Percentile £321 £300 £310
25th Percentile £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.50% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £583
90th Percentile £694 £659 £675
England median daily rate £475 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 40 59
10th Percentile £14.00 £15.89 £12.50
25th Percentile £16.56 £19.81 £15.00
Median hourly rate £20.06 £30.89 £20.75
Median % change year-on-year -35.07% +48.84% -5.25%
75th Percentile £30.19 £41.48 £25.44
90th Percentile £38.88 £53.98 £43.75
England median hourly rate £20.54 £22.81 £22.00
% change year-on-year -9.95% +3.66% +0.46%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 137 £525 +5.00% 82
West London +6 39 £475 -7.77% 31
South London +38 25 £550 +28.65% 6
East London +5 6 £465 +12.73% 25
QA
England

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 453 (48.87%) Agile Software Development
2 268 (28.91%) Social Skills
3 244 (26.32%) Test Automation
4 219 (23.62%) Finance
5 190 (20.50%) DevOps
6 179 (19.31%) Java
7 171 (18.45%) SQL
8 168 (18.12%) Azure
9 158 (17.04%) TDD
10 157 (16.94%) Scrum
11 140 (15.10%) JavaScript
12 134 (14.46%) JIRA
13 129 (13.92%) Python
14 125 (13.48%) Software Engineering
15 120 (12.94%) BDD
16 113 (12.19%) Analytical Skills
17 112 (12.08%) Problem-Solving
17 112 (12.08%) Jenkins
18 110 (11.87%) AWS
19 107 (11.54%) Banking
20 96 (10.36%) Analytics
21 93 (10.03%) .NET
22 92 (9.92%) C#
23 91 (9.82%) Project Management
23 91 (9.82%) Microservices
24 90 (9.71%) Git (software)
24 90 (9.71%) Selenium
25 89 (9.60%) Microsoft
26 87 (9.39%) REST
27 83 (8.95%) Cucumber

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (5.72%) Confluence
2 43 (4.64%) SharePoint
3 21 (2.27%) Apache Spark
4 20 (2.16%) Apache
5 16 (1.73%) CMS
6 10 (1.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (0.86%) IIS
8 6 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
8 6 (0.65%) Oracle Coherence
9 5 (0.54%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.43%) JBoss
10 4 (0.43%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.32%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (0.32%) Headless CMS
11 3 (0.32%) MQSeries
12 2 (0.22%) Anypoint
12 2 (0.22%) Appian
12 2 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.22%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.22%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 43 (4.64%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (3.88%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (2.48%) Microsoft Project
4 21 (2.27%) MS Visio
5 14 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.65%) AutoCAD
6 6 (0.65%) Revit
7 5 (0.54%) Sketch
8 2 (0.22%) Figma
9 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.11%) InVision
9 1 (0.11%) Mingle
9 1 (0.11%) Simulink
9 1 (0.11%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.76%) Oracle EBS R12
2 5 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (0.54%) Oracle ERP
2 5 (0.54%) Oracle Financials
2 5 (0.54%) Oracle Payables
2 5 (0.54%) Relativity
3 4 (0.43%) Oracle AGIS
3 4 (0.43%) Oracle Assets
3 4 (0.43%) Oracle FAH
3 4 (0.43%) Oracle Receivables
3 4 (0.43%) Summit
4 3 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.32%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 3 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.32%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.22%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 168 (18.12%) Azure
2 110 (11.87%) AWS
3 42 (4.53%) Power Platform
4 37 (3.99%) GCP
5 35 (3.78%) Azure Active Directory
6 33 (3.56%) GitHub
7 24 (2.59%) IaaS
8 23 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
8 23 (2.48%) PaaS
8 23 (2.48%) Serverless
9 21 (2.27%) SaaS
10 16 (1.73%) Amazon S3
11 14 (1.51%) Datadog
12 13 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 12 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
13 12 (1.29%) Microsoft 365
14 9 (0.97%) Amazon SQS
15 8 (0.86%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 8 (0.86%) Slack
16 7 (0.76%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.27%) HTTP
2 15 (1.62%) SAN
3 12 (1.29%) NAS
4 11 (1.19%) FTP
5 10 (1.08%) DNS
6 7 (0.76%) Firewall
6 7 (0.76%) Internet
6 7 (0.76%) WAN
7 4 (0.43%) LAN
7 4 (0.43%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.32%) BGP
8 3 (0.32%) Broadband
8 3 (0.32%) DHCP
8 3 (0.32%) EIGRP
8 3 (0.32%) Multicast
8 3 (0.32%) OSPF
8 3 (0.32%) SSL
8 3 (0.32%) TACACS
8 3 (0.32%) VLAN
8 3 (0.32%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (8.31%) SQL Server
2 42 (4.53%) NoSQL
3 41 (4.42%) Power BI
4 35 (3.78%) Data Warehouse
5 29 (3.13%) Big Data
6 28 (3.02%) PostgreSQL
7 27 (2.91%) Hadoop
8 25 (2.70%) MongoDB
9 21 (2.27%) Tableau
10 20 (2.16%) Relational Database
11 17 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 17 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
11 17 (1.83%) Data Lake
11 17 (1.83%) Oracle Reports
12 14 (1.51%) Azure SQL Database
13 12 (1.29%) Apache Hive
13 12 (1.29%) DB2
14 10 (1.08%) Amazon Redshift
14 10 (1.08%) BigQuery
15 9 (0.97%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 134 (14.46%) JIRA
2 112 (12.08%) Jenkins
3 90 (9.71%) Git (software)
3 90 (9.71%) Selenium
4 83 (8.95%) Cucumber
5 49 (5.29%) Maven
6 42 (4.53%) Postman
7 32 (3.45%) Octopus Deploy
8 27 (2.91%) JUnit
9 26 (2.80%) SpecFlow
10 25 (2.70%) Cypress.io
11 24 (2.59%) REST Assured
12 23 (2.48%) GitLab
13 21 (2.27%) Appium
14 20 (2.16%) Protractor
15 19 (2.05%) JMeter
15 19 (2.05%) SoapUI
16 13 (1.40%) Eclipse
16 13 (1.40%) Visual Studio
16 13 (1.40%) Xcode
General
1 268 (28.91%) Social Skills
2 219 (23.62%) Finance
3 113 (12.19%) Analytical Skills
4 107 (11.54%) Banking
5 52 (5.61%) Public Sector
6 42 (4.53%) Retail
7 34 (3.67%) Marketing
8 31 (3.34%) Investment Banking
9 26 (2.80%) Influencing Skills
10 24 (2.59%) Front Office
11 23 (2.48%) Legal
12 19 (2.05%) Law
13 18 (1.94%) Advertising
13 18 (1.94%) Telecoms
14 17 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
15 15 (1.62%) Publishing
16 11 (1.19%) Documentation Skills
16 11 (1.19%) Local Government
16 11 (1.19%) Manufacturing
17 10 (1.08%) Games
Job Titles
1 191 (20.60%) Developer
2 136 (14.67%) Analyst
3 67 (7.23%) Architect
4 59 (6.36%) Business Analyst
4 59 (6.36%) QA Engineer
5 47 (5.07%) Tester
6 42 (4.53%) Project Manager
7 37 (3.99%) Test Engineer
8 36 (3.88%) Consultant
8 36 (3.88%) Technical Leader
9 34 (3.67%) Java Developer
10 29 (3.13%) Java Engineer
11 26 (2.80%) QA Tester
12 25 (2.70%) Senior Developer
13 24 (2.59%) C++ Developer
13 24 (2.59%) Data Analyst
13 24 (2.59%) Test Manager
14 23 (2.48%) DevOps Engineer
15 22 (2.37%) .NET Developer
15 22 (2.37%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (10.03%) .NET
2 87 (9.39%) REST
3 78 (8.41%) React
4 76 (8.20%) AngularJS
5 67 (7.23%) HTML
6 61 (6.58%) CSS
7 53 (5.72%) Spring
8 52 (5.61%) RESTful
8 52 (5.61%) Web Services
9 50 (5.39%) GraphQL
9 50 (5.39%) Node.js
10 38 (4.10%) Spring Boot
11 36 (3.88%) Gherkin
12 34 (3.67%) ASP.NET
12 34 (3.67%) JSON
13 32 (3.45%) SOAP
14 28 (3.02%) ASP.NET Core
15 27 (2.91%) Kafka
16 23 (2.48%) XML
17 21 (2.27%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 63 (6.80%) Greenfield Project
2 56 (6.04%) User Experience
3 31 (3.34%) Virtual Team
4 29 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
5 27 (2.91%) Mobile App
6 23 (2.48%) Data Structures
7 20 (2.16%) Algorithms
8 17 (1.83%) Fixed Income
9 15 (1.62%) Data Centre
10 14 (1.51%) Management Information System
11 11 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 9 (0.97%) AS400
12 9 (0.97%) iSeries
12 9 (0.97%) LPAR
12 9 (0.97%) Replication
13 8 (0.86%) Clustering
13 8 (0.86%) N-Tier
13 8 (0.86%) PMI
14 7 (0.76%) Data Protection Act
14 7 (0.76%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 63 (6.80%) Linux
2 48 (5.18%) Apple iOS
3 41 (4.42%) Windows
4 30 (3.24%) Unix
5 25 (2.70%) Android
6 9 (0.97%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.54%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.43%) VMS
8 4 (0.43%) Windows Server 2019
9 3 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.22%) AIX
10 2 (0.22%) CentOS
10 2 (0.22%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 453 (48.87%) Agile Software Development
2 244 (26.32%) Test Automation
3 190 (20.50%) DevOps
4 158 (17.04%) TDD
5 157 (16.94%) Scrum
6 125 (13.48%) Software Engineering
7 120 (12.94%) BDD
8 112 (12.08%) Problem-Solving
9 96 (10.36%) Analytics
10 91 (9.82%) Microservices
10 91 (9.82%) Project Management
11 81 (8.74%) Continuous Improvement
12 76 (8.20%) Migration
13 74 (7.98%) Continuous Integration
14 73 (7.87%) Mentoring
15 67 (7.23%) Software Testing
15 67 (7.23%) Test Strategy
16 65 (7.01%) SDLC
17 63 (6.80%) User Acceptance Testing
18 62 (6.69%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 179 (19.31%) Java
2 171 (18.45%) SQL
3 140 (15.10%) JavaScript
4 129 (13.92%) Python
5 92 (9.92%) C#
6 59 (6.36%) TypeScript
7 46 (4.96%) PowerShell
8 41 (4.42%) C++
9 19 (2.05%) Ruby
10 17 (1.83%) Bash Shell
10 17 (1.83%) Shell Script
11 16 (1.73%) Java 8
12 13 (1.40%) Scala
13 12 (1.29%) Apex Code
13 12 (1.29%) Apple Swift
14 10 (1.08%) Objective-C
15 9 (0.97%) R
16 8 (0.86%) PL/SQL
17 6 (0.65%) C
17 6 (0.65%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 76 (8.20%) Degree
2 63 (6.80%) Security Cleared
3 50 (5.39%) SC Cleared
4 25 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (2.27%) ISTQB
6 15 (1.62%) ISEB
7 13 (1.40%) PMP
8 12 (1.29%) DV Cleared
9 11 (1.19%) AWS Certification
10 10 (1.08%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.86%) PMI Certification
12 6 (0.65%) BICSI Certification
12 6 (0.65%) BICSI RCDD
12 6 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.54%) CISSP
13 5 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.43%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.43%) ISEB Practitioner
14 4 (0.43%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.80%) Data Quality
2 19 (2.05%) PMO
3 12 (1.29%) Accessibility
3 12 (1.29%) MiFID
4 10 (1.08%) NIST
5 6 (0.65%) FATCA
6 4 (0.43%) GDPR
7 3 (0.32%) NCSC
7 3 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.32%) SLA
7 3 (0.32%) TARGET2
7 3 (0.32%) WCAG
8 2 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.22%) EMIR
8 2 (0.22%) GRC
8 2 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 2 (0.22%) SEPA
8 2 (0.22%) SOC 2
9 1 (0.11%) PSD2
System Software
1 53 (5.72%) Docker
2 44 (4.75%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.97%) PowerHA
4 7 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.32%) vSphere
7 2 (0.22%) HDFS
7 2 (0.22%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.22%) KVM
7 2 (0.22%) NFS
7 2 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.11%) Varnish
8 1 (0.11%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 51 (5.50%) Kubernetes
2 37 (3.99%) Terraform
3 18 (1.94%) Prometheus
4 17 (1.83%) Grafana
5 16 (1.73%) ZABBIX
6 14 (1.51%) Ansible
7 7 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
8 6 (0.65%) Control-M
9 5 (0.54%) Puppet
9 5 (0.54%) Rancher
10 3 (0.32%) HP ALM
10 3 (0.32%) Istio
10 3 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.22%) Core Impact
11 2 (0.22%) FortiGate
11 2 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
11 2 (0.22%) Packer
11 2 (0.22%) SCOM
12 1 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
12 1 (0.11%) SCCM
Vendors
1 89 (9.60%) Microsoft
2 80 (8.63%) Oracle
3 41 (4.42%) Salesforce.com
4 33 (3.56%) Google
5 32 (3.45%) Splunk
6 24 (2.59%) Adobe
7 23 (2.48%) IBM
8 21 (2.27%) SAP
9 19 (2.05%) New Relic
10 16 (1.73%) Spiceworks
11 14 (1.51%) Atlassian
12 9 (0.97%) HP
13 8 (0.86%) TIBCO
14 7 (0.76%) VMware
15 6 (0.65%) Murex
15 6 (0.65%) Red Hat
15 6 (0.65%) ServiceNow
16 5 (0.54%) Informatica
16 5 (0.54%) Nuix
16 5 (0.54%) Talend