Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 77 73
Rank change year-on-year +7 -4 -3
Contract jobs citing QA 553 1,345 1,584
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.62% 3.36% 3.46%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 36.43% 34.85% 31.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 381 933 1,198
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - -
10th Percentile £313 £325 £313
90th Percentile £631 £625 £638
England median daily rate £468 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +3.89% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 17
Median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.69% -3.33% +57.89%
10th Percentile £31.85 £20.81 £14.15
90th Percentile £43.25 £72.32 £47.40
England median hourly rate £27.18 £22.43 £30.00
% change year-on-year +21.15% -25.23% +66.67%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 1,518 3,859 5,065
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.93% 9.64% 11.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 971 2,643 3,580
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% -5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
90th Percentile £650 £675 £675
England median daily rate £465 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +3.33% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 58 77
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% -16.00% +23.46%
10th Percentile £19.34 £12.50 £13.90
90th Percentile £45.28 £51.35 £60.60
Median hourly rate £27.09 £22.00 £24.50
% change year-on-year +23.13% -10.20% +22.81%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +25 117 £488 +2.63% 26
West London +19 35 £525 +16.67% 14
South London +38 20 £410 -3.53% 4
East London +29 6 £425 -22.73% 5
QA
England

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 256 (46.29%) Agile Software Development
2 171 (30.92%) Test Automation
3 167 (30.20%) Finance
4 160 (28.93%) Java
5 101 (18.26%) DevOps
6 94 (17.00%) JavaScript
7 92 (16.64%) SQL
8 84 (15.19%) Scrum
9 82 (14.83%) Azure
9 82 (14.83%) BDD
10 80 (14.47%) JIRA
11 77 (13.92%) TDD
12 76 (13.74%) Banking
12 76 (13.74%) Security Cleared
13 71 (12.84%) Selenium
14 69 (12.48%) Jenkins
15 67 (12.12%) SC Cleared
16 66 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
17 64 (11.57%) User Acceptance Testing
18 63 (11.39%) REST
19 61 (11.03%) C#
20 60 (10.85%) HTML
20 60 (10.85%) AWS
21 58 (10.49%) Git (software)
21 58 (10.49%) Analytical Skills
22 56 (10.13%) Oracle
23 55 (9.95%) .NET
24 54 (9.76%) Python
24 54 (9.76%) Degree
25 53 (9.58%) User Experience

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (5.24%) Confluence
2 12 (2.17%) SharePoint
3 11 (1.99%) WebSphere
4 8 (1.45%) Appian
5 7 (1.27%) IIS
6 6 (1.08%) Magnolia
6 6 (1.08%) SAS
6 6 (1.08%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.08%) WebLogic
7 5 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.72%) CMS
8 4 (0.72%) GlassFish
8 4 (0.72%) JCAPS
8 4 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
9 3 (0.54%) Apache
9 3 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
9 3 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.54%) IBM HTTP Server
9 3 (0.54%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.36%) JBoss
Applications
1 23 (4.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (2.71%) MS Visio
3 14 (2.53%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (1.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (1.27%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.90%) SPSS
7 4 (0.72%) Figma
8 3 (0.54%) Sketch
9 2 (0.36%) InVision
10 1 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.18%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.18%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.18%) Revit
Business Applications
1 5 (0.90%) Front Arena
2 4 (0.72%) Oracle Assets
2 4 (0.72%) Oracle Cash Management
2 4 (0.72%) Oracle Payables
2 4 (0.72%) Oracle Receivables
2 4 (0.72%) PeopleSoft Financials
3 2 (0.36%) Infor SunSystems
3 2 (0.36%) Maximo
3 2 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.36%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 2 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.18%) Endur
4 1 (0.18%) Loan IQ
4 1 (0.18%) Magento
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.18%) Summit
4 1 (0.18%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 82 (14.83%) Azure
2 60 (10.85%) AWS
3 20 (3.62%) SaaS
4 16 (2.89%) GitHub
5 15 (2.71%) PaaS
6 11 (1.99%) GCP
6 11 (1.99%) IaaS
6 11 (1.99%) Power Platform
6 11 (1.99%) Serverless
7 9 (1.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 9 (1.63%) OpenShift
8 7 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (1.08%) Datadog
9 6 (1.08%) Sauce Labs
10 5 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (0.72%) Amazon S3
11 4 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
11 4 (0.72%) Azure Data Factory
12 3 (0.54%) Amazon Kinesis
12 3 (0.54%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.63%) FTP
2 5 (0.90%) DNS
2 5 (0.90%) LAN
2 5 (0.90%) WAN
2 5 (0.90%) Wireless
3 4 (0.72%) HTTP
3 4 (0.72%) HTTPS
3 4 (0.72%) SSH
3 4 (0.72%) WLAN
4 3 (0.54%) Broadband
4 3 (0.54%) DHCP
4 3 (0.54%) Modbus
4 3 (0.54%) Structured Cabling
5 2 (0.36%) Cisco ISE
5 2 (0.36%) EIGRP
5 2 (0.36%) Firewall
5 2 (0.36%) MPLS
5 2 (0.36%) OSPF
5 2 (0.36%) Spanning Tree
5 2 (0.36%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.96%) SQL Server
2 39 (7.05%) Data Warehouse
3 26 (4.70%) Relational Database
4 17 (3.07%) OLAP
5 16 (2.89%) MySQL
6 15 (2.71%) Big Data
6 15 (2.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 14 (2.53%) RDBMS
8 11 (1.99%) Power BI
9 10 (1.81%) NoSQL
10 9 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (1.45%) Data Mining
11 8 (1.45%) MongoDB
12 7 (1.27%) Data Lake
13 6 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
13 6 (1.08%) PostgreSQL
14 5 (0.90%) Amazon Redshift
14 5 (0.90%) SQL Server 2017
14 5 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 4 (0.72%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 80 (14.47%) JIRA
2 71 (12.84%) Selenium
3 69 (12.48%) Jenkins
4 58 (10.49%) Git (software)
5 52 (9.40%) Cucumber
6 34 (6.15%) JMeter
7 31 (5.61%) JUnit
8 27 (4.88%) WebDriver
9 20 (3.62%) Cypress.io
9 20 (3.62%) Jasmine
10 18 (3.25%) GitLab
11 16 (2.89%) Postman
12 15 (2.71%) Maven
13 14 (2.53%) REST Assured
13 14 (2.53%) TeamCity
14 13 (2.35%) LoadRunner
14 13 (2.35%) SpecFlow
14 13 (2.35%) Team Foundation Server
15 12 (2.17%) Ant
15 12 (2.17%) SoapUI
General
1 167 (30.20%) Finance
2 76 (13.74%) Banking
3 26 (4.70%) Public Sector
4 20 (3.62%) Retail
5 17 (3.07%) Investment Banking
5 17 (3.07%) Legal
6 13 (2.35%) Marketing
7 11 (1.99%) Front Office
8 8 (1.45%) Retail Banking
9 7 (1.27%) Financial Institution
9 7 (1.27%) Telecoms
10 6 (1.08%) Advertising
10 6 (1.08%) Back Office
10 6 (1.08%) Manufacturing
10 6 (1.08%) Police
11 4 (0.72%) Electronics
11 4 (0.72%) German Language
11 4 (0.72%) Law
11 4 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.54%) Billing
Job Titles
1 154 (27.85%) Developer
2 89 (16.09%) Analyst
3 43 (7.78%) QA Engineer
3 43 (7.78%) Tester
4 42 (7.59%) QA Analyst
5 23 (4.16%) QA Tester
5 23 (4.16%) Test Engineer
6 22 (3.98%) Java Developer
7 20 (3.62%) Architect
7 20 (3.62%) QA Automation Engineer
7 20 (3.62%) React Developer
8 19 (3.44%) Business Analyst
8 19 (3.44%) Senior Developer
9 17 (3.07%) .NET Developer
9 17 (3.07%) Test Analyst
10 15 (2.71%) Automation Engineer
10 15 (2.71%) Java Engineer
10 15 (2.71%) JavaScript Developer
11 14 (2.53%) C# Developer
11 14 (2.53%) QA Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (11.39%) REST
2 60 (10.85%) HTML
3 55 (9.95%) .NET
4 39 (7.05%) Web Services
5 36 (6.51%) CSS
6 31 (5.61%) HTML5
7 28 (5.06%) Gherkin
7 28 (5.06%) Spring
8 27 (4.88%) FIX Protocol
9 25 (4.52%) ASP.NET
9 25 (4.52%) React
10 20 (3.62%) Spring Boot
11 18 (3.25%) Redux
12 17 (3.07%) AngularJS
12 17 (3.07%) Node.js
12 17 (3.07%) XML
13 14 (2.53%) Jest
13 14 (2.53%) SOAP
14 13 (2.35%) JSON
15 12 (2.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 58 (10.49%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (9.58%) User Experience
3 24 (4.34%) Enterprise Software
4 23 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
5 21 (3.80%) Management Information System
5 21 (3.80%) Mobile App
6 17 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
7 11 (1.99%) Virtual Team
8 10 (1.81%) Algorithms
8 10 (1.81%) Data Structures
9 8 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
9 8 (1.45%) SCORM
9 8 (1.45%) W3C
10 7 (1.27%) Video on Demand
11 6 (1.08%) Fixed Income
11 6 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (0.90%) Data Centre
12 5 (0.90%) Equities
12 5 (0.90%) Mainframe
12 5 (0.90%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 49 (8.86%) Linux
2 43 (7.78%) Android
3 37 (6.69%) Windows
4 31 (5.61%) Apple iOS
5 25 (4.52%) Unix
6 6 (1.08%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.54%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.54%) Windows 7
7 3 (0.54%) Windows Mobile
8 2 (0.36%) tvOS
8 2 (0.36%) VME
8 2 (0.36%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.18%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 256 (46.29%) Agile Software Development
2 171 (30.92%) Test Automation
3 101 (18.26%) DevOps
4 84 (15.19%) Scrum
5 82 (14.83%) BDD
6 77 (13.92%) TDD
7 66 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
8 64 (11.57%) User Acceptance Testing
9 53 (9.58%) SDLC
10 49 (8.86%) Problem-Solving
11 48 (8.68%) Regression Testing
12 45 (8.14%) Microservices
13 41 (7.41%) Software Engineering
14 40 (7.23%) Acceptance Criteria
15 39 (7.05%) Performance Testing
15 39 (7.05%) Test Scripting
16 37 (6.69%) Test Strategy
17 35 (6.33%) Project Management
18 34 (6.15%) Continuous Improvement
18 34 (6.15%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 160 (28.93%) Java
2 94 (17.00%) JavaScript
3 92 (16.64%) SQL
4 61 (11.03%) C#
5 54 (9.76%) Python
6 21 (3.80%) Java 8
7 19 (3.44%) Shell Script
7 19 (3.44%) VBA
8 18 (3.25%) C++
9 16 (2.89%) Ruby
10 15 (2.71%) TypeScript
11 11 (1.99%) Java 9
12 9 (1.63%) Bash Shell
12 9 (1.63%) C
12 9 (1.63%) PowerShell
13 8 (1.45%) Groovy
13 8 (1.45%) PL/SQL
14 6 (1.08%) R
14 6 (1.08%) Scala
14 6 (1.08%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 76 (13.74%) Security Cleared
2 67 (12.12%) SC Cleared
3 54 (9.76%) Degree
4 18 (3.25%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.99%) DV Cleared
5 11 (1.99%) Master's Degree
6 8 (1.45%) ISEB
7 6 (1.08%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.72%) BICSI Certification
9 4 (0.72%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 3 (0.54%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.54%) CTC Cleared
10 3 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.54%) RIBA
11 2 (0.36%) CCIE
11 2 (0.36%) CCNP
11 2 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.71%) Data Quality
2 9 (1.63%) WCAG
3 7 (1.27%) PCI DSS
4 6 (1.08%) GDPR
4 6 (1.08%) ISO 9001
5 5 (0.90%) PMO
5 5 (0.90%) SLA
6 4 (0.72%) ISO 14001
7 3 (0.54%) EMIR
7 3 (0.54%) GxP
7 3 (0.54%) MiFID
8 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.18%) IFRS
9 1 (0.18%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.18%) NIST
9 1 (0.18%) P3O
System Software
1 51 (9.22%) Docker
2 11 (1.99%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.54%) Hyper-V
3 3 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
4 2 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
5 1 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 23 (4.16%) Kubernetes
2 18 (3.25%) Ansible
3 12 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (1.81%) Puppet
4 10 (1.81%) Terraform
5 6 (1.08%) Nagios
6 5 (0.90%) HP ALM
7 4 (0.72%) SCCM
8 3 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.54%) SCOM
8 3 (0.54%) ZABBIX
9 2 (0.36%) Cisco Prime
9 2 (0.36%) Rancher
9 2 (0.36%) TrustSec
10 1 (0.18%) CFEngine
10 1 (0.18%) Mesos
10 1 (0.18%) OpenView
Vendors
1 56 (10.13%) Oracle
2 44 (7.96%) Microsoft
3 16 (2.89%) Splunk
4 15 (2.71%) HP
4 15 (2.71%) SAP
5 13 (2.35%) Cognos
6 11 (1.99%) Google
7 10 (1.81%) IBM
7 10 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
8 7 (1.27%) Murex
9 6 (1.08%) AppDynamics
9 6 (1.08%) Citrix
9 6 (1.08%) Databricks
9 6 (1.08%) NEC
10 5 (0.90%) CA Agile Central
10 5 (0.90%) Tableau
11 4 (0.72%) Atlassian
11 4 (0.72%) Informatica
11 4 (0.72%) Remedy
11 4 (0.72%) Software AG