Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
19 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 66 72 72
Rank change year-on-year +6 0 -1
Contract jobs citing QA 1,424 852 654
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.68% 3.55% 3.24%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.65% 29.76% 29.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,021 572 458
10th Percentile £363 £345 £314
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £638
England median daily rate £510 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +7.37% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 7 8
10th Percentile £15.75 £14.00 £16.83
25th Percentile £24.35 £14.23 £24.88
Median hourly rate £29.50 £20.00 £35.98
Median % change year-on-year +47.50% -44.41% +59.91%
75th Percentile £70.00 £22.00 £38.75
90th Percentile £84.85 £23.50 £45.50
England median hourly rate £47.50 £18.50 £21.25
% change year-on-year +156.76% -12.94% -6.59%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,970 2,863 2,217
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.86% 11.92% 10.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,496 1,948 1,551
10th Percentile £350 £318 £300
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £650
England median daily rate £525 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +1.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 21 46
10th Percentile £20.00 £14.00 £15.73
25th Percentile £25.25 £14.46 £18.96
Median hourly rate £44.50 £20.00 £30.05
Median % change year-on-year +122.50% -33.44% +43.95%
75th Percentile £49.25 £38.75 £39.91
90th Percentile £68.25 £39.00 £54.38
England median hourly rate £29.12 £21.00 £25.30
% change year-on-year +38.67% -16.99% +20.46%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 19 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -8 182 £511 -2.62% 77
West London -12 30 £500 - 23
East London 0 10 £650 +39.78% 19
South London -23 6 £410 -25.45% 6
North London - 2 £418 - 3
QA
England

For the 6 months to 19 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 728 (51.12%) Agile
2 446 (31.32%) Finance
3 399 (28.02%) Test Automation
4 347 (24.37%) Social Skills
5 302 (21.21%) DevOps
6 296 (20.79%) Java
7 278 (19.52%) Azure
8 275 (19.31%) SQL
9 268 (18.82%) JavaScript
10 245 (17.21%) Python
11 230 (16.15%) CI/CD
12 221 (15.52%) Scrum
13 207 (14.54%) Analytical Skills
14 197 (13.83%) AWS
15 195 (13.69%) JIRA
16 184 (12.92%) Analytics
17 176 (12.36%) C#
18 171 (12.01%) Problem-Solving
19 163 (11.45%) Banking
20 159 (11.17%) .NET
21 157 (11.03%) React
22 155 (10.88%) User Acceptance Testing
23 154 (10.81%) REST
23 154 (10.81%) Microservices
24 152 (10.67%) Microsoft
25 145 (10.18%) Selenium
26 144 (10.11%) Software Engineering
27 136 (9.55%) SDLC
28 121 (8.50%) TDD
29 118 (8.29%) Stakeholder Management

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (4.85%) Confluence
2 27 (1.90%) SharePoint
3 17 (1.19%) CMS
4 13 (0.91%) Apache
5 12 (0.84%) Apache Spark
6 11 (0.77%) Tomcat
7 10 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
7 10 (0.70%) SAS
8 9 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
9 8 (0.56%) Elasticsearch
10 7 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 7 (0.49%) IIS
11 6 (0.42%) JBoss
12 5 (0.35%) Jupyter
13 4 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
14 3 (0.21%) Apache Pulsar
14 3 (0.21%) Apache Solr
14 3 (0.21%) Ethereum
14 3 (0.21%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.21%) WildFly
Applications
1 53 (3.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (1.19%) MS Visio
5 16 (1.12%) Sketch
6 9 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.42%) InVision
8 5 (0.35%) Open Workbench
9 2 (0.14%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.070%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.070%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.070%) GIMP
10 1 (0.070%) MicroStation
10 1 (0.070%) PTC Creo
10 1 (0.070%) Siemens NX
10 1 (0.070%) SOLIDWORKS
10 1 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.070%) SPSS
10 1 (0.070%) Stata
10 1 (0.070%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 12 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.70%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 6 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.35%) Shopify
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle AML
5 4 (0.28%) SAP CO
5 4 (0.28%) SAP FI
5 4 (0.28%) SAP FI/CO
6 3 (0.21%) Actimize
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.21%) Workfront
7 2 (0.14%) CA PPM
7 2 (0.14%) Magento
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle Payroll
7 2 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.14%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.14%) WebTrends
8 1 (0.070%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 278 (19.52%) Azure
2 197 (13.83%) AWS
3 96 (6.74%) GCP
4 55 (3.86%) Serverless
5 52 (3.65%) Power Platform
6 45 (3.16%) SaaS
7 44 (3.09%) GitHub
8 39 (2.74%) BrowserStack
9 31 (2.18%) Sauce Labs
10 29 (2.04%) AWS Lambda
11 26 (1.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 25 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
13 24 (1.69%) Amazon Cognito
13 24 (1.69%) Amazon Kinesis
13 24 (1.69%) Microsoft 365
14 22 (1.54%) Azure Data Factory
15 21 (1.47%) PaaS
16 20 (1.40%) Azure Functions
17 19 (1.33%) AWS CloudTrail
18 18 (1.26%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.54%) Internet
2 15 (1.05%) DNS
2 15 (1.05%) WAN
3 10 (0.70%) SD-WAN
4 8 (0.56%) DHCP
4 8 (0.56%) FIX Connectivity
4 8 (0.56%) VPN
5 7 (0.49%) HTTP
5 7 (0.49%) IPsec
5 7 (0.49%) MPLS
6 6 (0.42%) Firewall
6 6 (0.42%) Intranet
6 6 (0.42%) SSL
6 6 (0.42%) VoIP
7 5 (0.35%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.35%) WebEx
8 3 (0.21%) Broadband
8 3 (0.21%) LAN
8 3 (0.21%) PSTN
8 3 (0.21%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (6.18%) SQL Server
2 46 (3.23%) Power BI
3 43 (3.02%) Relational Database
4 41 (2.88%) PostgreSQL
5 40 (2.81%) Big Data
6 39 (2.74%) Data Warehouse
7 36 (2.53%) NoSQL
8 27 (1.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 27 (1.90%) Tableau
9 26 (1.83%) MongoDB
9 26 (1.83%) Oracle Database
10 22 (1.54%) Data Lake
11 21 (1.47%) BigQuery
12 20 (1.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 18 (1.26%) MySQL
14 17 (1.19%) Metadata
15 14 (0.98%) RDBMS
16 12 (0.84%) Redis
17 10 (0.70%) Amazon Redshift
18 8 (0.56%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 195 (13.69%) JIRA
2 145 (10.18%) Selenium
3 107 (7.51%) Jenkins
4 97 (6.81%) Cucumber
5 96 (6.74%) Git (software)
6 94 (6.60%) Cypress.io
7 85 (5.97%) Postman
8 75 (5.27%) JMeter
9 55 (3.86%) SpecFlow
10 51 (3.58%) Protractor
11 47 (3.30%) GitLab
12 38 (2.67%) Maven
13 37 (2.60%) Gatling
14 36 (2.53%) TeamCity
15 29 (2.04%) TestCafe
16 27 (1.90%) SoapUI
17 24 (1.69%) Bitbucket
18 23 (1.62%) Gradle
19 20 (1.40%) WebDriver
20 19 (1.33%) REST Assured
General
1 446 (31.32%) Finance
2 347 (24.37%) Social Skills
3 207 (14.54%) Analytical Skills
4 163 (11.45%) Banking
5 95 (6.67%) Public Sector
6 91 (6.39%) Front Office
7 71 (4.99%) Investment Banking
8 60 (4.21%) Retail
9 53 (3.72%) Presentation Skills
10 36 (2.53%) Legal
11 34 (2.39%) Organisational Skills
12 29 (2.04%) Marketing
13 28 (1.97%) Law
14 27 (1.90%) Financial Institution
15 24 (1.69%) Influencing Skills
16 18 (1.26%) Telecoms
17 17 (1.19%) Documentation Skills
18 16 (1.12%) Back Office
19 14 (0.98%) German Language
20 12 (0.84%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 260 (18.26%) Analyst
2 231 (16.22%) Developer
3 116 (8.15%) QA Engineer
4 107 (7.51%) Business Analyst
5 101 (7.09%) Tester
6 77 (5.41%) Java Developer
7 68 (4.78%) Architect
8 67 (4.71%) Software Engineer
9 61 (4.28%) AWS Engineer
10 58 (4.07%) Senior Developer
11 56 (3.93%) Test Analyst
12 49 (3.44%) QA Tester
13 47 (3.30%) Java Engineer
13 47 (3.30%) Project Manager
14 44 (3.09%) Data Engineer
15 43 (3.02%) AWS Software Engineer
15 43 (3.02%) Senior Software Engineer
15 43 (3.02%) Test Manager
16 42 (2.95%) QA Analyst
17 40 (2.81%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 159 (11.17%) .NET
2 157 (11.03%) React
3 154 (10.81%) REST
4 96 (6.74%) AngularJS
5 95 (6.67%) HTML
6 84 (5.90%) Kafka
7 78 (5.48%) Node.js
8 75 (5.27%) Web Services
9 73 (5.13%) CSS
10 71 (4.99%) RESTful
11 60 (4.21%) Spring
12 54 (3.79%) Spring Boot
13 47 (3.30%) HTML5
14 46 (3.23%) XML
15 40 (2.81%) .NET Framework
16 39 (2.74%) gRPC
17 36 (2.53%) FIX Protocol
18 34 (2.39%) SOAP
19 33 (2.32%) GraphQL
19 33 (2.32%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 103 (7.23%) User Experience
2 70 (4.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 52 (3.65%) Equities
4 51 (3.58%) Hedge funds
5 49 (3.44%) Mobile App
6 46 (3.23%) Fixed Income
7 40 (2.81%) Data Structures
8 37 (2.60%) Virtual Team
9 28 (1.97%) Greenfield Project
9 28 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
11 25 (1.76%) Management Information System
12 22 (1.54%) Cloud Native
13 19 (1.33%) Renewable Energy
14 15 (1.05%) Contract for Difference
14 15 (1.05%) Derivative
15 14 (0.98%) Spread Betting
15 14 (0.98%) SWIFT
16 13 (0.91%) Market Risk
16 13 (0.91%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 69 (4.85%) Linux
2 50 (3.51%) Windows
3 36 (2.53%) Unix
4 28 (1.97%) Android
4 28 (1.97%) Apple iOS
5 13 (0.91%) Windows Server
6 6 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.42%) Windows 10
7 5 (0.35%) Solaris
8 3 (0.21%) CentOS
8 3 (0.21%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.21%) VMS
9 2 (0.14%) AIX
9 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.070%) HPUX
10 1 (0.070%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.070%) Windows 2000
10 1 (0.070%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2003
10 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 728 (51.12%) Agile
2 399 (28.02%) Test Automation
3 302 (21.21%) DevOps
4 230 (16.15%) CI/CD
5 221 (15.52%) Scrum
6 184 (12.92%) Analytics
7 171 (12.01%) Problem-Solving
8 155 (10.88%) User Acceptance Testing
9 154 (10.81%) Microservices
10 144 (10.11%) Software Engineering
11 136 (9.55%) SDLC
12 121 (8.50%) TDD
13 118 (8.29%) Stakeholder Management
14 114 (8.01%) Project Management
15 103 (7.23%) Full Stack Development
16 100 (7.02%) Test Strategy
17 97 (6.81%) Continuous Integration
17 97 (6.81%) Software Testing
18 94 (6.60%) API Testing
19 93 (6.53%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 296 (20.79%) Java
2 275 (19.31%) SQL
3 268 (18.82%) JavaScript
4 245 (17.21%) Python
5 176 (12.36%) C#
6 115 (8.08%) TypeScript
7 33 (2.32%) Scala
8 32 (2.25%) PowerShell
8 32 (2.25%) R
9 28 (1.97%) C++
10 22 (1.54%) T-SQL
11 17 (1.19%) PL/SQL
12 16 (1.12%) Apex Code
13 15 (1.05%) C
13 15 (1.05%) Go
14 14 (0.98%) VB.NET
15 12 (0.84%) Bash
15 12 (0.84%) Shell Script
16 11 (0.77%) VB
17 10 (0.70%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 87 (6.11%) Security Cleared
2 82 (5.76%) SC Cleared
3 75 (5.27%) Degree
4 45 (3.16%) ISTQB
5 19 (1.33%) ISEB
5 19 (1.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 18 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (0.56%) CCNA
7 8 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
9 6 (0.42%) CCNP
9 6 (0.42%) PMI Certification
10 5 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.35%) DV Cleared
11 4 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.28%) PMP
12 3 (0.21%) CISSP
12 3 (0.21%) MBA
12 3 (0.21%) PhD
12 3 (0.21%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (2.67%) Accessibility
2 35 (2.46%) Data Quality
3 33 (2.32%) PMO
4 19 (1.33%) GDPR
5 11 (0.77%) EMIR
6 10 (0.70%) NIST
6 10 (0.70%) WCAG
7 9 (0.63%) SLA
8 8 (0.56%) MiFID
9 7 (0.49%) GRC
10 6 (0.42%) Dodd-Frank
10 6 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials
11 5 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 3 (0.21%) NCSC
13 2 (0.14%) HL7
13 2 (0.14%) IFRS
13 2 (0.14%) IFRS 17
13 2 (0.14%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.14%) P3O
System Software
1 107 (7.51%) Docker
2 23 (1.62%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
5 3 (0.21%) HDFS
5 3 (0.21%) MetaFrame
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.14%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.070%) Citrix Presentation Server
7 1 (0.070%) NFS
7 1 (0.070%) Samba
7 1 (0.070%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 99 (6.95%) Kubernetes
2 71 (4.99%) Terraform
3 13 (0.91%) HP ALM
4 12 (0.84%) Ansible
4 12 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
5 8 (0.56%) Grafana
6 7 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.35%) Puppet
7 5 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.28%) Consul
8 4 (0.28%) Kibana
8 4 (0.28%) logstash
8 4 (0.28%) MIIS
8 4 (0.28%) SCCM
9 3 (0.21%) Cisco CUCM
9 3 (0.21%) Dollar Universe
9 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (0.14%) Cobbler
10 2 (0.14%) Nagios
10 2 (0.14%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 152 (10.67%) Microsoft
2 102 (7.16%) Oracle
3 46 (3.23%) SAP
4 42 (2.95%) Salesforce.com
5 37 (2.60%) Google
6 20 (1.40%) Citrix
7 18 (1.26%) Databricks
7 18 (1.26%) HP
8 17 (1.19%) Adobe
9 15 (1.05%) Atlassian
9 15 (1.05%) Splunk
10 13 (0.91%) ServiceNow
11 12 (0.84%) Bloomberg
12 11 (0.77%) Anaplan
13 10 (0.70%) MuleSoft
14 9 (0.63%) IBM
14 9 (0.63%) Sparx
15 8 (0.56%) AppDynamics
16 7 (0.49%) Eze Castle Integration
16 7 (0.49%) Perfecto Mobile