Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 71 67 73
Rank change year-on-year -4 +6 -15
Contract jobs citing QA 1,709 1,631 1,525
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.76% 3.68% 3.40%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 35.39% 30.04% 30.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,292 1,213 1,084
London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £318 £313 £285
90th Percentile £624 £625 £600
England median daily rate £450 £436 £415
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.07% +3.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 11 19
London median hourly rate £44.00 £21.90 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +100.91% +9.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.68 £12.00 £10.10
90th Percentile £60.00 £34.60 £43.75
England median hourly rate £37.00 £18.00 £19.62
% change year-on-year +105.56% -8.23% -1.93%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,829 5,429 4,925
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.62% 12.25% 10.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,436 3,911 3,502
London median daily rate £475 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £300 £306 £275
90th Percentile £658 £675 £638
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 56 61
London median hourly rate £25.00 £20.95 £19.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.33% +8.94% -3.85%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.70 £12.25
90th Percentile £58.75 £50.00 £43.75
England median hourly rate £21.88 £20.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year +9.40% -16.67% +11.37%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 369 £475 - 146
West London +6 112 £465 +3.33% 62
South London -7 69 £450 +16.88% 20
East London -26 25 £450 - 31
North London - 12 £400 - 7
QA
England

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 915 (53.54%) Agile Software Development
2 618 (36.16%) Test Automation
3 438 (25.63%) Java
4 418 (24.46%) Finance
5 358 (20.95%) Selenium
6 338 (19.78%) JavaScript
7 326 (19.08%) BDD
8 305 (17.85%) SQL
9 295 (17.26%) TDD
10 291 (17.03%) Scrum
11 280 (16.38%) C#
12 266 (15.56%) DevOps
13 252 (14.75%) JIRA
14 231 (13.52%) .NET
15 230 (13.46%) Jenkins
16 202 (11.82%) Cucumber
17 199 (11.64%) Continuous Integration
18 196 (11.47%) Banking
19 183 (10.71%) HTML
19 183 (10.71%) Git (software)
20 179 (10.47%) Amazon AWS
21 173 (10.12%) User Experience
22 170 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
23 166 (9.71%) CSS
24 163 (9.54%) SDLC
25 162 (9.48%) Web Services
26 157 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
27 150 (8.78%) User Acceptance Testing
28 142 (8.31%) Project Management
28 142 (8.31%) Python

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (6.09%) Confluence
2 53 (3.10%) CMS
3 43 (2.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 36 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
5 24 (1.40%) SharePoint
6 23 (1.35%) Apache Spark
7 22 (1.29%) Apache
8 21 (1.23%) IIS
9 20 (1.17%) WordPress
10 19 (1.11%) NServiceBus
11 11 (0.64%) WebSphere
12 9 (0.53%) SAS
12 9 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
13 8 (0.47%) Mule
13 8 (0.47%) nginx
13 8 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
14 7 (0.41%) Alfresco
14 7 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
14 7 (0.41%) Drupal
15 6 (0.35%) Umbraco
Applications
1 65 (3.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (1.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 23 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (1.05%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.76%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.64%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.53%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.23%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.18%) InVision
10 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.059%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.059%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.059%) HipChat
11 1 (0.059%) Mingle
11 1 (0.059%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 8 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
2 7 (0.41%) Eloqua
2 7 (0.41%) Oracle Payables
2 7 (0.41%) PeopleSoft HCM
2 7 (0.41%) PeopleSoft HRMS
3 6 (0.35%) Oracle Retail
4 5 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.23%) Fredhopper
5 4 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.18%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.18%) Markit EDM
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 3 (0.18%) SAP BPC
6 3 (0.18%) SAP GRC
6 3 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.12%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 179 (10.47%) Amazon AWS
2 124 (7.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 68 (3.98%) GitHub
4 45 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
5 27 (1.58%) BrowserStack
5 27 (1.58%) SaaS
6 20 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 17 (0.99%) Google Analytics
7 17 (0.99%) Google Cloud Platform
8 16 (0.94%) Office 365
8 16 (0.94%) PaaS
9 15 (0.88%) Amazon S3
9 15 (0.88%) Sauce Labs
10 14 (0.82%) Serverless
10 14 (0.82%) Slack
11 13 (0.76%) Adobe Analytics
12 12 (0.70%) BlazeMeter
12 12 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
12 12 (0.70%) Google Tag Manager
13 10 (0.59%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.64%) HTTP
2 18 (1.05%) Internet
3 15 (0.88%) DNS
4 12 (0.70%) Firewall
4 12 (0.70%) SMS
5 11 (0.64%) FTP
5 11 (0.64%) VLAN
6 10 (0.59%) BGP
6 10 (0.59%) OSPF
6 10 (0.59%) Skype
7 9 (0.53%) HTTPS
8 8 (0.47%) SSL
8 8 (0.47%) VSAN
9 7 (0.41%) LAN
9 7 (0.41%) WAN
10 6 (0.35%) HSRP
10 6 (0.35%) Intranet
10 6 (0.35%) MPLS
10 6 (0.35%) VPN
11 5 (0.29%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (6.20%) SQL Server
2 75 (4.39%) PostgreSQL
3 60 (3.51%) Big Data
4 57 (3.34%) Relational Database
5 56 (3.28%) MySQL
6 52 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
7 45 (2.63%) MongoDB
8 39 (2.28%) Hadoop
9 32 (1.87%) NoSQL
10 25 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
11 23 (1.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 20 (1.17%) Oracle Database
13 17 (0.99%) Power BI
13 17 (0.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 16 (0.94%) Apache Hive
14 16 (0.94%) Siebel EIM
15 14 (0.82%) Data Lake
16 13 (0.76%) Blockchain
16 13 (0.76%) HBase
17 11 (0.64%) Redis
Development Applications
1 358 (20.95%) Selenium
2 252 (14.75%) JIRA
3 230 (13.46%) Jenkins
4 202 (11.82%) Cucumber
5 183 (10.71%) Git (software)
6 126 (7.37%) WebDriver
7 99 (5.79%) SpecFlow
8 78 (4.56%) TeamCity
9 58 (3.39%) Maven
9 58 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
10 57 (3.34%) Appium
11 52 (3.04%) JMeter
12 50 (2.93%) Visual Studio
13 49 (2.87%) JUnit
13 49 (2.87%) SoapUI
14 44 (2.57%) Protractor
15 36 (2.11%) Subversion
16 32 (1.87%) Zephyr
17 29 (1.70%) Mocha
18 25 (1.46%) Jasmine
General
1 418 (24.46%) Finance
2 196 (11.47%) Banking
3 106 (6.20%) Retail
4 72 (4.21%) Marketing
5 62 (3.63%) Investment Banking
6 37 (2.17%) Law
7 36 (2.11%) Financial Institution
8 33 (1.93%) Publishing
9 29 (1.70%) Front Office
10 28 (1.64%) Legal
11 23 (1.35%) Retail Banking
12 16 (0.94%) Games
13 14 (0.82%) Advertising
13 14 (0.82%) Billing
14 13 (0.76%) Telecoms
15 8 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.41%) Back Office
16 7 (0.41%) General Ledger
17 6 (0.35%) Manufacturing
18 4 (0.23%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 438 (25.63%) Developer
2 251 (14.69%) Analyst
3 154 (9.01%) Tester
4 141 (8.25%) QA Engineer
5 95 (5.56%) QA Tester
6 90 (5.27%) .NET Developer
7 88 (5.15%) Business Analyst
8 79 (4.62%) QA Analyst
9 77 (4.51%) Test Analyst
10 74 (4.33%) Automation Tester
11 73 (4.27%) Test Engineer
12 72 (4.21%) Java Developer
13 69 (4.04%) Architect
13 69 (4.04%) QA Automation Engineer
14 63 (3.69%) Senior Developer
14 63 (3.69%) Test Manager
15 59 (3.45%) C# Developer
16 52 (3.04%) Project Manager
16 52 (3.04%) QA Leader
17 51 (2.98%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 231 (13.52%) .NET
2 183 (10.71%) HTML
3 166 (9.71%) CSS
4 162 (9.48%) Web Services
5 114 (6.67%) Node.js
6 107 (6.26%) REST
7 99 (5.79%) AngularJS
8 93 (5.44%) RESTful
9 78 (4.56%) HTML5
10 77 (4.51%) jQuery
10 77 (4.51%) XML
11 72 (4.21%) React
12 63 (3.69%) JSON
13 60 (3.51%) Spring
14 52 (3.04%) CSS3
15 44 (2.57%) .NET Framework
15 44 (2.57%) Gherkin
15 44 (2.57%) RabbitMQ
15 44 (2.57%) Sass
16 42 (2.46%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 173 (10.12%) User Experience
2 170 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
3 120 (7.02%) Mobile App
4 65 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
5 54 (3.16%) Computer Science
6 44 (2.57%) Fintech
7 40 (2.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 35 (2.05%) Management Information System
9 34 (1.99%) Data Centre
10 32 (1.87%) Equities
11 28 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
11 28 (1.64%) Video on Demand
12 25 (1.46%) Hedge funds
13 24 (1.40%) Algorithms
13 24 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
14 20 (1.17%) Fixed Income
14 20 (1.17%) Video\Live Streaming
14 20 (1.17%) Virtual Team
15 19 (1.11%) Derivative
16 17 (0.99%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 125 (7.31%) Linux
2 84 (4.92%) Android
3 83 (4.86%) Apple iOS
4 68 (3.98%) Unix
5 61 (3.57%) Windows
6 24 (1.40%) CentOS
7 22 (1.29%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.99%) Windows 10
9 14 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 13 (0.76%) Windows Server
11 6 (0.35%) Mesosphere
11 6 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.18%) DC/OS
13 3 (0.18%) Debian
14 2 (0.12%) AIX
14 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.12%) VMS
14 2 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 915 (53.54%) Agile Software Development
2 618 (36.16%) Test Automation
3 326 (19.08%) BDD
4 295 (17.26%) TDD
5 291 (17.03%) Scrum
6 266 (15.56%) DevOps
7 199 (11.64%) Continuous Integration
8 163 (9.54%) SDLC
9 157 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
10 150 (8.78%) User Acceptance Testing
11 142 (8.31%) Project Management
12 139 (8.13%) Test Strategy
13 137 (8.02%) Microservices
14 134 (7.84%) Analytics
15 124 (7.26%) E-Commerce
16 123 (7.20%) Software Engineering
17 119 (6.96%) Open Source
18 110 (6.44%) SDET
19 109 (6.38%) Test Scripting
20 105 (6.14%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 438 (25.63%) Java
2 338 (19.78%) JavaScript
3 305 (17.85%) SQL
4 280 (16.38%) C#
5 142 (8.31%) Python
6 45 (2.63%) T-SQL
7 42 (2.46%) PHP
8 40 (2.34%) PL/SQL
9 38 (2.22%) Bash Shell
10 36 (2.11%) ES6
10 36 (2.11%) TypeScript
11 35 (2.05%) Ruby
12 33 (1.93%) Scala
13 32 (1.87%) Java 8
14 29 (1.70%) C
15 27 (1.58%) C++
16 25 (1.46%) VBA
17 23 (1.35%) PowerShell
18 19 (1.11%) Groovy
19 18 (1.05%) R
Qualifications
1 114 (6.67%) Degree
2 64 (3.74%) Security Cleared
3 58 (3.39%) SC Cleared
4 55 (3.22%) ISEB
5 52 (3.04%) ISTQB
6 31 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (0.88%) PMP
8 14 (0.82%) PhD
9 13 (0.76%) PMI Certification
10 11 (0.64%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 11 (0.64%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
12 7 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 7 (0.41%) Siebel Certification
13 6 (0.35%) CISM
14 5 (0.29%) ISEB Practitioner
14 5 (0.29%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 4 (0.23%) CAPM
15 4 (0.23%) CIMA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (1.87%) PMO
2 28 (1.64%) GDPR
3 22 (1.29%) MiFID
4 20 (1.17%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.76%) WCAG
6 7 (0.41%) EMIR
6 7 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (0.41%) SEPA
7 6 (0.35%) Dodd-Frank
8 4 (0.23%) SLA
9 2 (0.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 2 (0.12%) GMP
9 2 (0.12%) GxP
9 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.059%) COBIT
10 1 (0.059%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.059%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.059%) PSD2
10 1 (0.059%) WAI
System Software
1 113 (6.61%) Docker
2 14 (0.82%) XenDesktop
3 12 (0.70%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.59%) Apache Flume
5 9 (0.53%) Microsoft App-V
5 9 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.53%) vSphere
6 8 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.41%) XenApp
8 3 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.12%) HDFS
9 2 (0.12%) NFS
9 2 (0.12%) Snort
9 2 (0.12%) Squid
9 2 (0.12%) vCloud
10 1 (0.059%) IAG
10 1 (0.059%) KVM
10 1 (0.059%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.059%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 57 (3.34%) Ansible
2 51 (2.98%) Kubernetes
3 42 (2.46%) Puppet
4 39 (2.28%) Terraform
5 31 (1.81%) HP Quality Center
6 22 (1.29%) Grafana
7 19 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (0.82%) Nagios
9 11 (0.64%) Icinga
9 11 (0.64%) Prometheus
10 10 (0.59%) Galera Cluster
11 7 (0.41%) HP ALM
11 7 (0.41%) Kibana
11 7 (0.41%) logstash
11 7 (0.41%) Packer
12 6 (0.35%) Oozie
13 5 (0.29%) Capistrano
13 5 (0.29%) ZABBIX
14 4 (0.23%) Consul
14 4 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 110 (6.44%) Oracle
2 107 (6.26%) Microsoft
3 64 (3.74%) Adobe
4 44 (2.57%) Google
5 41 (2.40%) Sitecore
6 35 (2.05%) SAP
7 33 (1.93%) HP
8 31 (1.81%) Citrix
9 26 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
10 24 (1.40%) Cisco
10 24 (1.40%) IBM
10 24 (1.40%) VMware
11 22 (1.29%) Atlassian
11 22 (1.29%) Red Hat
12 17 (0.99%) MuleSoft
12 17 (0.99%) Tableau
13 16 (0.94%) hybris
13 16 (0.94%) Siebel
14 14 (0.82%) Sybase
15 12 (0.70%) New Relic