Period
to 22 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
22 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 74 84
Rank change year-on-year +3 +10 -12
Contract jobs citing QA 1,149 472 1,192
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.40% 3.53% 3.12%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.14% 31.72% 29.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 809 304 816
10th Percentile £319 £313 £325
25th Percentile £405 £400 £389
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £475 £478
Median % change year-on-year +9.47% -0.52% +0.53%
75th Percentile £600 £564 £575
90th Percentile £688 £644 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 1 6
10th Percentile £14.00 " £12.00
25th Percentile £15.70 " £14.22
Median hourly rate £23.00 £17.96 £24.95
Median % change year-on-year +28.06% -28.00% -43.31%
75th Percentile £25.94 " £33.06
90th Percentile £26.60 " £40.25
England median hourly rate £19.40 £20.25 £22.00
% change year-on-year -4.20% -7.95% -39.73%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,083 1,488 4,011
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.07% 11.13% 10.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,823 973 2,765
10th Percentile £325 £300 £300
25th Percentile £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £500 £495
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% +1.01% +4.21%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £658 £663
England median daily rate £500 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +5.82% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 19 57
10th Percentile £14.31 £15.42 £12.00
25th Percentile £18.99 £16.98 £13.00
Median hourly rate £25.75 £22.00 £17.66
Median % change year-on-year +17.05% +24.58% -19.73%
75th Percentile £33.19 £49.00 £24.00
90th Percentile £48.96 £54.20 £35.75
England median hourly rate £20.19 £22.50 £21.02
% change year-on-year -10.29% +7.03% +5.11%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 140 £520 +4.00% 96
West London +4 41 £450 -14.29% 37
South London -3 19 £588 +30.56% 9
East London 0 14 £375 -11.76% 20
North London +2 1 - - 2
QA
England

For the 6 months to 22 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 535 (46.56%) Agile Software Development
2 329 (28.63%) Social Skills
3 302 (26.28%) Test Automation
4 281 (24.46%) Finance
5 222 (19.32%) SQL
6 208 (18.10%) DevOps
7 204 (17.75%) Java
8 196 (17.06%) Scrum
9 168 (14.62%) Azure
10 156 (13.58%) Python
11 154 (13.40%) JIRA
12 152 (13.23%) Analytical Skills
13 151 (13.14%) TDD
14 143 (12.45%) Problem-Solving
15 141 (12.27%) Software Engineering
16 139 (12.10%) JavaScript
17 129 (11.23%) Project Management
17 129 (11.23%) Microservices
18 122 (10.62%) BDD
19 121 (10.53%) Banking
20 115 (10.01%) AWS
21 109 (9.49%) User Acceptance Testing
22 107 (9.31%) Test Strategy
22 107 (9.31%) Analytics
23 105 (9.14%) Jenkins
24 104 (9.05%) Git (software)
25 102 (8.88%) Oracle
26 100 (8.70%) Cucumber
26 100 (8.70%) Selenium
26 100 (8.70%) Degree

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (6.09%) Confluence
2 32 (2.79%) CMS
3 29 (2.52%) SharePoint
4 22 (1.91%) Apache
5 21 (1.83%) Apache Spark
5 21 (1.83%) IIS
6 15 (1.31%) Apache Airflow
7 11 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
8 10 (0.87%) Sitecore CMS
9 8 (0.70%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.52%) Headless CMS
11 5 (0.44%) JBoss
12 4 (0.35%) MS Exchange
13 3 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.26%) Appian
13 3 (0.26%) MQSeries
13 3 (0.26%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.26%) Oracle Coherence
14 2 (0.17%) Luigi
14 2 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 58 (5.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (3.48%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (2.18%) MS Visio
4 21 (1.83%) Microsoft Project
5 15 (1.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.96%) Sketch
7 9 (0.78%) InVision
8 6 (0.52%) Adobe Premiere
8 6 (0.52%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.35%) AutoCAD
10 4 (0.35%) Figma
10 4 (0.35%) Revit
11 3 (0.26%) Open Workbench
12 2 (0.17%) Mingle
13 1 (0.087%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.087%) OmniGraffle
13 1 (0.087%) Simulink
13 1 (0.087%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 6 (0.52%) Relativity
1 6 (0.52%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 5 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
2 5 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.35%) Oracle Financials
3 4 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.26%) Endur
4 3 (0.26%) Oracle AGIS
4 3 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
4 3 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.26%) SAP BRIM
5 2 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.17%) Shopify
5 2 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.087%) Elite 3E
6 1 (0.087%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.087%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.087%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 168 (14.62%) Azure
2 115 (10.01%) AWS
3 54 (4.70%) GitHub
4 50 (4.35%) Serverless
5 46 (4.00%) Power Platform
6 35 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
7 33 (2.87%) SaaS
8 31 (2.70%) GCP
9 25 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (2.00%) Amazon S3
10 23 (2.00%) Datadog
11 22 (1.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 22 (1.91%) PaaS
12 20 (1.74%) Microsoft 365
13 19 (1.65%) Amazon SQS
13 19 (1.65%) IaaS
14 18 (1.57%) Amazon ECS
14 18 (1.57%) Azure Active Directory
15 17 (1.48%) BrowserStack
15 17 (1.48%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.48%) HTTP
1 17 (1.48%) Internet
2 12 (1.04%) SAN
2 12 (1.04%) WAN
3 11 (0.96%) DNS
4 10 (0.87%) Firewall
4 10 (0.87%) NAS
5 7 (0.61%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.52%) FTP
6 6 (0.52%) LAN
7 5 (0.44%) NetScaler
7 5 (0.44%) SSL
7 5 (0.44%) Unified Communications
7 5 (0.44%) Wireshark
8 4 (0.35%) iSCSI
8 4 (0.35%) Network Security
9 3 (0.26%) 5G
9 3 (0.26%) H.323
9 3 (0.26%) SCCP
10 2 (0.17%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (6.01%) SQL Server
2 43 (3.74%) Power BI
3 36 (3.13%) Big Data
4 33 (2.87%) NoSQL
5 30 (2.61%) Tableau
6 29 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (2.44%) Data Warehouse
7 28 (2.44%) Oracle Reports
8 25 (2.18%) Hadoop
8 25 (2.18%) MongoDB
8 25 (2.18%) Oracle Database
9 22 (1.91%) Data Lake
10 18 (1.57%) Relational Database
11 17 (1.48%) Azure SQL Database
12 16 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
13 13 (1.13%) MySQL
13 13 (1.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 12 (1.04%) Apache Hive
15 10 (0.87%) Metadata
16 9 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 154 (13.40%) JIRA
2 105 (9.14%) Jenkins
3 104 (9.05%) Git (software)
4 100 (8.70%) Cucumber
4 100 (8.70%) Selenium
5 43 (3.74%) Maven
6 40 (3.48%) Cypress.io
7 38 (3.31%) Postman
8 34 (2.96%) Appium
9 33 (2.87%) Protractor
10 30 (2.61%) REST Assured
11 29 (2.52%) JMeter
12 28 (2.44%) GitLab
13 25 (2.18%) SpecFlow
14 22 (1.91%) JUnit
15 21 (1.83%) Mocha
16 20 (1.74%) Visual Studio
17 19 (1.65%) Gatling
18 18 (1.57%) webpack
19 16 (1.39%) TeamCity
General
1 329 (28.63%) Social Skills
2 281 (24.46%) Finance
3 152 (13.23%) Analytical Skills
4 121 (10.53%) Banking
5 66 (5.74%) Public Sector
6 48 (4.18%) Marketing
7 45 (3.92%) Retail
8 44 (3.83%) Influencing Skills
9 37 (3.22%) Investment Banking
10 32 (2.79%) Presentation Skills
11 29 (2.52%) Legal
12 25 (2.18%) Front Office
13 24 (2.09%) Documentation Skills
14 19 (1.65%) Organisational Skills
14 19 (1.65%) Telecoms
15 18 (1.57%) Law
16 14 (1.22%) Advertising
16 14 (1.22%) Games
17 13 (1.13%) Local Government
18 12 (1.04%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 217 (18.89%) Developer
2 199 (17.32%) Analyst
3 86 (7.48%) Business Analyst
4 71 (6.18%) Tester
5 65 (5.66%) Architect
6 62 (5.40%) QA Engineer
7 54 (4.70%) Test Engineer
8 51 (4.44%) Consultant
9 46 (4.00%) Java Developer
10 39 (3.39%) Project Manager
11 34 (2.96%) Software Engineer
11 34 (2.96%) Test Analyst
12 33 (2.87%) Data Analyst
13 31 (2.70%) Senior Developer
13 31 (2.70%) Test Manager
14 30 (2.61%) QA Tester
15 29 (2.52%) C# Developer
16 28 (2.44%) Data Engineer
17 27 (2.35%) DevOps Engineer
17 27 (2.35%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (7.48%) .NET
2 77 (6.70%) REST
3 76 (6.61%) React
4 75 (6.53%) HTML
5 74 (6.44%) CSS
5 74 (6.44%) Node.js
6 69 (6.01%) RESTful
7 65 (5.66%) GraphQL
8 58 (5.05%) Spring
8 58 (5.05%) Web Services
9 54 (4.70%) AngularJS
10 46 (4.00%) Gherkin
11 38 (3.31%) Kafka
12 36 (3.13%) Spring Boot
13 35 (3.05%) XML
14 29 (2.52%) JSON
15 22 (1.91%) .NET Framework
15 22 (1.91%) HTML5
16 20 (1.74%) FIX Protocol
16 20 (1.74%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 82 (7.14%) User Experience
2 39 (3.39%) Greenfield Project
3 38 (3.31%) Mobile App
4 37 (3.22%) Self-Motivation
5 34 (2.96%) Virtual Team
6 32 (2.79%) Management Information System
7 30 (2.61%) Data Structures
8 22 (1.91%) Data Protection Act
9 17 (1.48%) Algorithms
9 17 (1.48%) Data Centre
10 12 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 12 (1.04%) N-Tier
11 11 (0.96%) Public Cloud
12 10 (0.87%) Fixed Income
12 10 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
12 10 (0.87%) PKI
13 9 (0.78%) NHS
14 8 (0.70%) Equities
14 8 (0.70%) Legacy Systems
14 8 (0.70%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 70 (6.09%) Linux
2 55 (4.79%) Windows
3 47 (4.09%) Apple iOS
4 39 (3.39%) Unix
5 32 (2.79%) Android
6 8 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (0.61%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.52%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.44%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (0.35%) VMS
11 3 (0.26%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.087%) AIX
13 1 (0.087%) CentOS
13 1 (0.087%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1 (0.087%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 535 (46.56%) Agile Software Development
2 302 (26.28%) Test Automation
3 208 (18.10%) DevOps
4 196 (17.06%) Scrum
5 151 (13.14%) TDD
6 143 (12.45%) Problem-Solving
7 141 (12.27%) Software Engineering
8 129 (11.23%) Microservices
8 129 (11.23%) Project Management
9 122 (10.62%) BDD
10 109 (9.49%) User Acceptance Testing
11 107 (9.31%) Analytics
11 107 (9.31%) Test Strategy
12 97 (8.44%) SDLC
13 95 (8.27%) Software Testing
14 92 (8.01%) Stakeholder Management
15 78 (6.79%) Continuous Integration
16 72 (6.27%) Mentoring
17 70 (6.09%) Continuous Improvement
18 66 (5.74%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 222 (19.32%) SQL
2 204 (17.75%) Java
3 156 (13.58%) Python
4 139 (12.10%) JavaScript
5 98 (8.53%) C#
6 42 (3.66%) C++
7 27 (2.35%) Ruby
8 26 (2.26%) TypeScript
9 24 (2.09%) PowerShell
10 23 (2.00%) VB
11 21 (1.83%) Bash Shell
11 21 (1.83%) VBA
12 18 (1.57%) R
12 18 (1.57%) T-SQL
13 17 (1.48%) Scala
14 15 (1.31%) PL/SQL
14 15 (1.31%) Shell Script
14 15 (1.31%) VB.NET
15 13 (1.13%) Apple Swift
16 12 (1.04%) Perl
Qualifications
1 100 (8.70%) Degree
2 61 (5.31%) Security Cleared
3 51 (4.44%) SC Cleared
4 29 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.74%) ISTQB
6 19 (1.65%) PMP
7 13 (1.13%) DV Cleared
8 12 (1.04%) ISEB
8 12 (1.04%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.87%) PMI Certification
10 9 (0.78%) CISSP
11 8 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 6 (0.52%) AWS Certification
12 6 (0.52%) MBA
13 4 (0.35%) BICSI Certification
13 4 (0.35%) BICSI RCDD
13 4 (0.35%) CISM
14 3 (0.26%) CREST Certified
14 3 (0.26%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (4.35%) Data Quality
2 29 (2.52%) Accessibility
3 27 (2.35%) PMO
4 16 (1.39%) MiFID
5 12 (1.04%) WCAG
6 10 (0.87%) EMIR
6 10 (0.87%) GDPR
7 9 (0.78%) NIST
8 7 (0.61%) FATCA
8 7 (0.61%) SLA
9 4 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.26%) IFRS
10 3 (0.26%) NCSC
10 3 (0.26%) WAI
11 2 (0.17%) GRC
11 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 17025
11 2 (0.17%) P3O
11 2 (0.17%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.087%) PSD2
System Software
1 98 (8.53%) Docker
2 24 (2.09%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.35%) NFS
6 3 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.26%) vSphere
7 2 (0.17%) PowerHA
8 1 (0.087%) GeoWebCache
8 1 (0.087%) HDFS
8 1 (0.087%) Varnish
8 1 (0.087%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.087%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 90 (7.83%) Kubernetes
2 33 (2.87%) Terraform
3 22 (1.91%) Ansible
4 20 (1.74%) Prometheus
5 19 (1.65%) Grafana
6 17 (1.48%) ZABBIX
7 8 (0.70%) HP ALM
8 7 (0.61%) Control-M
8 7 (0.61%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.52%) Puppet
10 5 (0.44%) Core Impact
10 5 (0.44%) Kibana
10 5 (0.44%) logstash
10 5 (0.44%) Rancher
11 4 (0.35%) FortiGate
11 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Intune
11 4 (0.35%) Packer
12 3 (0.26%) Cisco CUCM
12 3 (0.26%) Cobbler
12 3 (0.26%) SCCM
Vendors
1 102 (8.88%) Oracle
2 96 (8.36%) Microsoft
3 53 (4.61%) Salesforce.com
4 28 (2.44%) Google
5 27 (2.35%) Splunk
6 25 (2.18%) SAP
7 20 (1.74%) Adobe
8 18 (1.57%) New Relic
9 17 (1.48%) Spiceworks
10 16 (1.39%) Atlassian
10 16 (1.39%) Perfecto Mobile
11 15 (1.31%) CA
11 15 (1.31%) Citrix
12 12 (1.04%) Databricks
12 12 (1.04%) IBM
13 11 (0.96%) HP
13 11 (0.96%) Red Hat
14 10 (0.87%) Sitecore
15 9 (0.78%) CA Agile Central
16 8 (0.70%) VMware