Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 84 68 65
Rank change year-on-year -16 -3 +4
Contract jobs citing QA 1,133 1,790 1,720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.05% 3.92% 3.86%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 32.21% 36.92% 30.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 776 1,354 1,303
London median daily rate £478 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £315 £313
90th Percentile £638 £613 £630
England median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 18 11
London median hourly rate £20.89 £40.75 £21.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -48.74% +86.07% +13.88%
10th Percentile £11.65 £10.85 £12.00
90th Percentile £38.95 £51.60 £34.60
England median hourly rate £26.50 £35.75 £21.90
% change year-on-year -25.87% +63.24% +13.88%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,518 4,848 5,648
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.47% 10.61% 12.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,389 3,430 4,085
London median daily rate £488 £475 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% -2.06% +7.78%
10th Percentile £276 £290 £306
90th Percentile £669 £660 £675
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 73 65
London median hourly rate £18.60 £25.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.60% +25.00% +14.29%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.05 £12.20
90th Percentile £35.00 £57.50 £49.00
England median hourly rate £21.50 £22.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -2.27% +10.00% -11.11%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -23 232 £475 - 94
West London 0 79 £500 +6.38% 43
South London -10 21 £438 -2.78% 23
East London +7 12 £550 +20.22% 24
North London -5 5 £375 -6.25% 7
QA
England

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 562 (49.60%) Agile Software Development
2 397 (35.04%) Test Automation
3 280 (24.71%) Finance
4 244 (21.54%) Java
5 217 (19.15%) Scrum
6 214 (18.89%) Selenium
7 208 (18.36%) SQL
8 193 (17.03%) JavaScript
9 179 (15.80%) DevOps
10 156 (13.77%) BDD
11 153 (13.50%) JIRA
12 139 (12.27%) TDD
13 137 (12.09%) Test Strategy
14 121 (10.68%) C#
15 118 (10.41%) AWS
16 116 (10.24%) Banking
17 114 (10.06%) Cucumber
18 113 (9.97%) Azure
19 112 (9.89%) Python
20 110 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
21 107 (9.44%) Degree
22 106 (9.36%) User Acceptance Testing
23 105 (9.27%) Regression Testing
24 103 (9.09%) SDLC
25 102 (9.00%) HTML
25 102 (9.00%) Git (software)
26 98 (8.65%) Linux
26 98 (8.65%) Analytical Skills
27 97 (8.56%) User Experience
27 97 (8.56%) Oracle

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (5.47%) Confluence
2 32 (2.82%) SharePoint
3 27 (2.38%) CMS
4 21 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
5 15 (1.32%) IIS
6 8 (0.71%) Apache
7 7 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 7 (0.62%) Drupal
8 5 (0.44%) Apache Spark
8 5 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.44%) SharePoint 2013
8 5 (0.44%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.35%) JBoss
9 4 (0.35%) SharePoint 2010
10 3 (0.26%) Alfresco
10 3 (0.26%) LiveLink
10 3 (0.26%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.26%) WebSphere
11 2 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
11 2 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 49 (4.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 12 (1.06%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.97%) Sketch
5 7 (0.62%) InVision
5 7 (0.62%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 5 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.35%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.18%) Marvel
9 2 (0.18%) Weka
9 2 (0.18%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.088%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.088%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.088%) Stata
Business Applications
1 17 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.71%) BusinessWorks
3 6 (0.53%) Misys Opics
3 6 (0.53%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 5 (0.44%) Actimize
5 4 (0.35%) Magento
5 4 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.26%) Endur
6 3 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle SCM
7 2 (0.18%) Sprinklr
8 1 (0.088%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.088%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.088%) SunGard APT
Cloud Services
1 118 (10.41%) AWS
2 113 (9.97%) Azure
3 47 (4.15%) Power Platform
4 30 (2.65%) GCP
5 24 (2.12%) PaaS
6 22 (1.94%) GitHub
6 22 (1.94%) SaaS
7 19 (1.68%) Sauce Labs
8 16 (1.41%) Google Analytics
9 14 (1.24%) Office 365
10 13 (1.15%) Dynamics 365
11 11 (0.97%) Serverless
12 10 (0.88%) BrowserStack
12 10 (0.88%) IaaS
13 9 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (0.79%) SuccessFactors
14 8 (0.71%) Apigee
14 8 (0.71%) BlazeMeter
14 8 (0.71%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 7 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.59%) HTTP
2 10 (0.88%) 4G
3 9 (0.79%) Firewall
4 8 (0.71%) LAN
4 8 (0.71%) WAN
5 7 (0.62%) Internet
5 7 (0.62%) Intranet
6 5 (0.44%) BGP
6 5 (0.44%) Ethernet
6 5 (0.44%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.35%) MPLS
7 4 (0.35%) Multicast
7 4 (0.35%) Wireshark
8 3 (0.26%) 802.11
8 3 (0.26%) EIGRP
8 3 (0.26%) HSRP
8 3 (0.26%) IGRP
8 3 (0.26%) Skype
8 3 (0.26%) Spanning Tree
8 3 (0.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (8.03%) SQL Server
2 56 (4.94%) Data Warehouse
3 42 (3.71%) Power BI
4 38 (3.35%) MySQL
5 35 (3.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 33 (2.91%) Big Data
7 26 (2.29%) NoSQL
8 22 (1.94%) Relational Database
9 20 (1.77%) MongoDB
9 20 (1.77%) Oracle Database
9 20 (1.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (1.68%) PostgreSQL
11 16 (1.41%) Oracle Reports
12 14 (1.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 11 (0.97%) SQL Server 2014
14 10 (0.88%) Microsoft Analysis Services
15 9 (0.79%) Data Mining
16 7 (0.62%) Cosmos DB
16 7 (0.62%) Hadoop
17 6 (0.53%) Redis
Development Applications
1 214 (18.89%) Selenium
2 153 (13.50%) JIRA
3 114 (10.06%) Cucumber
4 102 (9.00%) Git (software)
5 97 (8.56%) Jenkins
6 62 (5.47%) WebDriver
7 52 (4.59%) JMeter
8 30 (2.65%) Gatling
8 30 (2.65%) SpecFlow
9 24 (2.12%) JUnit
9 24 (2.12%) SoapUI
9 24 (2.12%) TeamCity
10 20 (1.77%) Appium
11 18 (1.59%) Team Foundation Server
12 17 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
12 17 (1.50%) WinRunner
13 12 (1.06%) QARun
13 12 (1.06%) QF-Test
13 12 (1.06%) Visual Studio
14 11 (0.97%) Protractor
General
1 280 (24.71%) Finance
2 116 (10.24%) Banking
3 65 (5.74%) Retail
4 48 (4.24%) Marketing
5 37 (3.27%) Public Sector
6 29 (2.56%) Investment Banking
7 27 (2.38%) Front Office
8 24 (2.12%) Legal
9 22 (1.94%) Telecoms
10 19 (1.68%) Law
11 16 (1.41%) Games
11 16 (1.41%) Manufacturing
12 15 (1.32%) Financial Institution
13 9 (0.79%) Back Office
13 9 (0.79%) Publishing
14 7 (0.62%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.53%) Advertising
15 6 (0.53%) Electronics
16 5 (0.44%) German Language
17 4 (0.35%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 258 (22.77%) Developer
2 193 (17.03%) Analyst
3 118 (10.41%) Tester
4 93 (8.21%) QA Engineer
5 77 (6.80%) Business Analyst
6 59 (5.21%) QA Tester
7 55 (4.85%) Architect
8 46 (4.06%) Test Analyst
9 44 (3.88%) Test Manager
10 43 (3.80%) Java Developer
10 43 (3.80%) QA Leader
11 39 (3.44%) Test Engineer
12 38 (3.35%) Automation Tester
13 32 (2.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 31 (2.74%) QA Analyst
15 30 (2.65%) Project Manager
16 28 (2.47%) Consultant
16 28 (2.47%) Full Stack Developer
17 27 (2.38%) QA Automation Engineer
17 27 (2.38%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (9.00%) HTML
2 90 (7.94%) CSS
2 90 (7.94%) Web Services
3 87 (7.68%) .NET
4 62 (5.47%) REST
5 60 (5.30%) AngularJS
6 57 (5.03%) Gherkin
6 57 (5.03%) Node.js
7 52 (4.59%) React
8 51 (4.50%) XML
9 43 (3.80%) RESTful
10 40 (3.53%) JSON
11 36 (3.18%) SOAP
11 36 (3.18%) Spring
12 30 (2.65%) jQuery
13 27 (2.38%) HTML5
14 24 (2.12%) Redux
15 21 (1.85%) .NET Framework
15 21 (1.85%) ASP.NET
16 18 (1.59%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 98 (8.65%) Analytical Skills
2 97 (8.56%) User Experience
3 48 (4.24%) Mobile App
4 34 (3.00%) Management Information System
5 29 (2.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 25 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
7 23 (2.03%) Equities
8 20 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
9 19 (1.68%) Derivative
10 15 (1.32%) Algorithms
10 15 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
11 14 (1.24%) Data Structures
12 13 (1.15%) Data Centre
13 12 (1.06%) Public Cloud
14 11 (0.97%) Fixed Income
15 9 (0.79%) N-Tier
15 9 (0.79%) SWIFT
15 9 (0.79%) Virtual Team
16 8 (0.71%) Blog
16 8 (0.71%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 98 (8.65%) Linux
2 66 (5.83%) Windows
3 42 (3.71%) Android
4 40 (3.53%) Apple iOS
5 38 (3.35%) Unix
6 17 (1.50%) Windows 10
7 11 (0.97%) Windows 7
8 10 (0.88%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.35%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.35%) Windows 8
10 3 (0.26%) CentOS
10 3 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
10 3 (0.26%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.18%) Solaris
11 2 (0.18%) VMS
12 1 (0.088%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 562 (49.60%) Agile Software Development
2 397 (35.04%) Test Automation
3 217 (19.15%) Scrum
4 179 (15.80%) DevOps
5 156 (13.77%) BDD
6 139 (12.27%) TDD
7 137 (12.09%) Test Strategy
8 110 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
9 106 (9.36%) User Acceptance Testing
10 105 (9.27%) Regression Testing
11 103 (9.09%) SDLC
12 93 (8.21%) Microservices
13 90 (7.94%) Business Intelligence
14 84 (7.41%) Problem-Solving
15 80 (7.06%) Continuous Improvement
15 80 (7.06%) Manual Testing
16 79 (6.97%) Analytics
17 77 (6.80%) E-Commerce
18 74 (6.53%) User Stories
19 72 (6.35%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 244 (21.54%) Java
2 208 (18.36%) SQL
3 193 (17.03%) JavaScript
4 121 (10.68%) C#
5 112 (9.89%) Python
6 35 (3.09%) Ruby
7 32 (2.82%) PHP
7 32 (2.82%) VBA
8 31 (2.74%) PL/SQL
9 25 (2.21%) Java 8
10 24 (2.12%) PowerShell
11 22 (1.94%) Scala
11 22 (1.94%) T-SQL
12 21 (1.85%) C++
13 17 (1.50%) Bash Shell
13 17 (1.50%) Perl
14 16 (1.41%) VB
15 14 (1.24%) C
15 14 (1.24%) VB.NET
16 12 (1.06%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 107 (9.44%) Degree
2 57 (5.03%) Security Cleared
3 46 (4.06%) SC Cleared
4 25 (2.21%) ISTQB
5 24 (2.12%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.50%) ISEB
7 13 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.97%) ACCA
10 10 (0.88%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.79%) PMP
12 7 (0.62%) CIMA
12 7 (0.62%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.62%) PMI Certification
13 6 (0.53%) MCSE
14 5 (0.44%) BC Cleared
14 5 (0.44%) DV Cleared
15 4 (0.35%) CIPFA
15 4 (0.35%) MCPD
15 4 (0.35%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (1.85%) Data Quality
2 17 (1.50%) PMO
3 13 (1.15%) SLA
4 9 (0.79%) MiFID
4 9 (0.79%) SEPA
5 5 (0.44%) EMIR
5 5 (0.44%) PSD2
6 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.18%) GDPR
7 2 (0.18%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.18%) ISO 9000
7 2 (0.18%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.18%) Solvency II
7 2 (0.18%) WCAG
8 1 (0.088%) IFRS
8 1 (0.088%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.088%) NIST
8 1 (0.088%) TARGET2
System Software
1 90 (7.94%) Docker
2 18 (1.59%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.71%) Microsoft App-V
4 6 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
5 5 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
5 5 (0.44%) XenApp
6 3 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.18%) OpenAM
7 2 (0.18%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.088%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 1 (0.088%) Firmware
8 1 (0.088%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.088%) KVM
8 1 (0.088%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.088%) Postfix
8 1 (0.088%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 38 (3.35%) Kubernetes
2 24 (2.12%) Terraform
3 13 (1.15%) HP Quality Center
4 12 (1.06%) Ansible
5 10 (0.88%) Control-M
5 10 (0.88%) Puppet
6 9 (0.79%) SCCM
7 8 (0.71%) HP ALM
7 8 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (0.53%) Kibana
8 6 (0.53%) logstash
9 5 (0.44%) Packer
9 5 (0.44%) Salt
10 3 (0.26%) Data Guard
10 3 (0.26%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 3 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.26%) Matomo
11 2 (0.18%) FTK
11 2 (0.18%) ThinApp
12 1 (0.088%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 97 (8.56%) Oracle
2 71 (6.27%) Microsoft
3 43 (3.80%) Google
4 41 (3.62%) SAP
5 30 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
6 29 (2.56%) Adobe
7 22 (1.94%) HP
8 21 (1.85%) Tableau
9 19 (1.68%) Atlassian
9 19 (1.68%) Citrix
10 18 (1.59%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 14 (1.24%) Cadence
12 11 (0.97%) IBM
13 10 (0.88%) BMC
14 9 (0.79%) Infor
15 8 (0.71%) Cisco
15 8 (0.71%) MuleSoft
15 8 (0.71%) Perfecto Mobile
15 8 (0.71%) ServiceNow
15 8 (0.71%) TIBCO