Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 73 64 64
Rank change year-on-year -9 0 +1
Contract jobs citing QA 811 1,614 1,777
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.19% 3.80% 3.82%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 33.06% 36.43% 30.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 569 1,134 1,261
Median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £619 £650
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 17 15
Median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £21.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.69% +32.42% +6.83%
10th Percentile £17.64 £10.65 £13.37
90th Percentile £43.25 £48.97 £59.50
England median hourly rate £23.00 £33.75 £24.25
% change year-on-year -31.85% +39.18% -3.00%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 2,453 4,431 5,891
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.65% 10.42% 12.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,677 2,958 4,084
Median daily rate £488 £500 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £675 £675
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 61 96
Median hourly rate £32.45 £22.00 £21.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.50% +3.53% -12.08%
10th Percentile £17.60 £10.75 £13.19
90th Percentile £50.20 £43.75 £57.50
Median hourly rate £25.68 £21.76 £21.90
% change year-on-year +18.01% -0.64% +6.83%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +9 199 £500 +4.17% 68
West London +10 53 £525 +16.67% 36
South London -8 17 £463 +2.78% 7
East London +40 10 £400 -11.11% 16
North London +21 2 - - 3
QA
England

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 397 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
2 227 (27.99%) Test Automation
3 193 (23.80%) Finance
4 174 (21.45%) Java
5 159 (19.61%) Scrum
6 157 (19.36%) JIRA
7 155 (19.11%) JavaScript
8 130 (16.03%) BDD
8 130 (16.03%) DevOps
9 129 (15.91%) SQL
10 125 (15.41%) TDD
11 113 (13.93%) Analytical Skills
12 112 (13.81%) C#
13 105 (12.95%) Selenium
14 101 (12.45%) User Experience
15 100 (12.33%) .NET
16 99 (12.21%) HTML
16 99 (12.21%) Azure
17 93 (11.47%) Git (software)
18 86 (10.60%) SDLC
18 86 (10.60%) Banking
19 85 (10.48%) Continuous Integration
20 84 (10.36%) Problem-Solving
21 80 (9.86%) Acceptance Criteria
22 79 (9.74%) Confluence
22 79 (9.74%) Degree
23 77 (9.49%) Android
24 75 (9.25%) SQL Server
25 72 (8.88%) Security Cleared
26 71 (8.75%) Cucumber

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (9.74%) Confluence
2 19 (2.34%) CMS
3 14 (1.73%) WebSphere
4 12 (1.48%) SharePoint
5 10 (1.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 8 (0.99%) Apache Spark
7 6 (0.74%) Apache
7 6 (0.74%) JBoss
7 6 (0.74%) Magnolia
7 6 (0.74%) SAS
7 6 (0.74%) WebLogic
8 5 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.62%) IIS
8 5 (0.62%) OpenStack
8 5 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.62%) Red Hat Fuse
9 4 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.49%) GlassFish
9 4 (0.49%) JCAPS
9 4 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 30 (3.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.11%) Microsoft Project
3 8 (0.99%) Sketch
4 7 (0.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.74%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.62%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.62%) SPSS
6 5 (0.62%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.49%) Figma
7 4 (0.49%) InVision
8 2 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 2 (0.25%) Adobe XD
8 2 (0.25%) Lectora
9 1 (0.12%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.12%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 6 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.74%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.62%) Magento
3 4 (0.49%) BusinessWorks
3 4 (0.49%) PeopleSoft Financials
3 4 (0.49%) Shopify
4 3 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.37%) Front Arena
4 3 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.25%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.25%) SAP PM
5 2 (0.25%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.12%) Endur
6 1 (0.12%) FastStats
6 1 (0.12%) Infor SunSystems
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.12%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 1 (0.12%) SAP LE
Cloud Services
1 99 (12.21%) Azure
2 67 (8.26%) AWS
3 27 (3.33%) Power Platform
4 25 (3.08%) GitHub
5 21 (2.59%) SaaS
6 16 (1.97%) GCP
7 12 (1.48%) Apigee
7 12 (1.48%) PaaS
8 11 (1.36%) Sauce Labs
8 11 (1.36%) Serverless
9 10 (1.23%) Azure Data Factory
10 8 (0.99%) OpenShift
11 7 (0.86%) TestFlight
12 6 (0.74%) ZenHub
13 5 (0.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
14 4 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
14 4 (0.49%) IaaS
14 4 (0.49%) Office 365
14 4 (0.49%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.85%) Wireshark
2 13 (1.60%) HTTP
3 10 (1.23%) 4G
3 10 (1.23%) TCP/IP
4 9 (1.11%) Internet
5 8 (0.99%) FTP
6 7 (0.86%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.49%) Ethernet
7 4 (0.49%) SSL
7 4 (0.49%) Unified Communications
7 4 (0.49%) Wireless
7 4 (0.49%) WLAN
8 3 (0.37%) SSH
9 2 (0.25%) Firewall
9 2 (0.25%) Skype
10 1 (0.12%) Broadband
10 1 (0.12%) Cisco IPT
10 1 (0.12%) DNS
10 1 (0.12%) SMS
10 1 (0.12%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (9.25%) SQL Server
2 44 (5.43%) Relational Database
3 32 (3.95%) Data Warehouse
4 26 (3.21%) Power BI
5 19 (2.34%) MySQL
6 17 (2.10%) RDBMS
7 16 (1.97%) Big Data
8 13 (1.60%) Blockchain
9 12 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 10 (1.23%) Data Lake
10 10 (1.23%) NoSQL
10 10 (1.23%) OLAP
10 10 (1.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 9 (1.11%) PostgreSQL
12 8 (0.99%) MongoDB
13 7 (0.86%) Apache Cassandra
14 6 (0.74%) BusinessObjects
14 6 (0.74%) Data Mining
14 6 (0.74%) KDB
15 5 (0.62%) DB2
Development Applications
1 157 (19.36%) JIRA
2 105 (12.95%) Selenium
3 93 (11.47%) Git (software)
4 71 (8.75%) Cucumber
4 71 (8.75%) Jenkins
5 33 (4.07%) SpecFlow
6 26 (3.21%) Bitbucket
6 26 (3.21%) WebDriver
7 18 (2.22%) JUnit
7 18 (2.22%) REST Assured
7 18 (2.22%) TeamCity
8 16 (1.97%) JMeter
9 15 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
10 14 (1.73%) Cypress.io
10 14 (1.73%) Postman
10 14 (1.73%) Xcode
11 13 (1.60%) SonarQube
11 13 (1.60%) Visual Studio
12 12 (1.48%) TestCafe
13 11 (1.36%) SoapUI
General
1 193 (23.80%) Finance
2 86 (10.60%) Banking
3 35 (4.32%) Marketing
4 27 (3.33%) Retail
5 25 (3.08%) Public Sector
6 20 (2.47%) Front Office
7 17 (2.10%) Telecoms
8 14 (1.73%) Investment Banking
9 13 (1.60%) German Language
10 12 (1.48%) Law
11 11 (1.36%) Back Office
12 10 (1.23%) Games
12 10 (1.23%) Retail Banking
13 9 (1.11%) Financial Institution
14 8 (0.99%) Legal
15 7 (0.86%) Advertising
15 7 (0.86%) Manufacturing
15 7 (0.86%) Police
16 6 (0.74%) Italian Language
17 5 (0.62%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 219 (27.00%) Developer
2 123 (15.17%) Analyst
3 70 (8.63%) Tester
4 61 (7.52%) QA Engineer
5 44 (5.43%) QA Analyst
6 43 (5.30%) Business Analyst
7 40 (4.93%) React Developer
7 40 (4.93%) Senior Developer
8 30 (3.70%) Architect
9 29 (3.58%) Consultant
9 29 (3.58%) Project Manager
10 28 (3.45%) Designer
11 25 (3.08%) Java Developer
11 25 (3.08%) QA Tester
12 23 (2.84%) Test Analyst
12 23 (2.84%) Test Engineer
13 22 (2.71%) C# Developer
14 21 (2.59%) QA Automation Engineer
15 20 (2.47%) JavaScript Developer
16 19 (2.34%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 100 (12.33%) .NET
2 99 (12.21%) HTML
3 69 (8.51%) CSS
4 55 (6.78%) React
5 50 (6.17%) REST
6 46 (5.67%) XML
7 45 (5.55%) AngularJS
8 41 (5.06%) HTML5
9 40 (4.93%) Web Services
10 38 (4.69%) Redux
11 36 (4.44%) Node.js
12 34 (4.19%) JSON
13 32 (3.95%) RESTful
14 25 (3.08%) SOAP
15 22 (2.71%) ASP.NET
15 22 (2.71%) Spring
16 21 (2.59%) Gherkin
17 19 (2.34%) FIX Protocol
18 18 (2.22%) .NET Framework
19 15 (1.85%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 113 (13.93%) Analytical Skills
2 101 (12.45%) User Experience
3 43 (5.30%) Mobile App
4 28 (3.45%) Enterprise Software
5 23 (2.84%) Greenfield Project
6 21 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
7 18 (2.22%) Management Information System
8 17 (2.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 14 (1.73%) Virtual Team
10 13 (1.60%) Public Cloud
11 12 (1.48%) W3C
12 11 (1.36%) Data Structures
12 11 (1.36%) Derivative
13 10 (1.23%) Wiki
14 8 (0.99%) Algorithms
14 8 (0.99%) FMCG
14 8 (0.99%) SCORM
15 7 (0.86%) iPad
15 7 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
16 6 (0.74%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 77 (9.49%) Android
2 69 (8.51%) Apple iOS
3 68 (8.38%) Linux
4 46 (5.67%) Windows
5 22 (2.71%) Unix
6 7 (0.86%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.74%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.49%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.25%) tvOS
9 2 (0.25%) VME
9 2 (0.25%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.12%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.12%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 397 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
2 227 (27.99%) Test Automation
3 159 (19.61%) Scrum
4 130 (16.03%) BDD
4 130 (16.03%) DevOps
5 125 (15.41%) TDD
6 86 (10.60%) SDLC
7 85 (10.48%) Continuous Integration
8 84 (10.36%) Problem-Solving
9 80 (9.86%) Acceptance Criteria
10 64 (7.89%) Microservices
11 63 (7.77%) User Acceptance Testing
12 62 (7.64%) Continuous Improvement
13 60 (7.40%) Software Engineering
14 51 (6.29%) Analytics
15 49 (6.04%) Project Management
16 45 (5.55%) API Testing
16 45 (5.55%) Data Modelling
17 44 (5.43%) E-Commerce
17 44 (5.43%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 174 (21.45%) Java
2 155 (19.11%) JavaScript
3 129 (15.91%) SQL
4 112 (13.81%) C#
5 61 (7.52%) Python
6 30 (3.70%) TypeScript
7 22 (2.71%) C++
8 21 (2.59%) Ruby
9 20 (2.47%) VBA
10 18 (2.22%) PowerShell
11 17 (2.10%) T-SQL
12 16 (1.97%) C
13 15 (1.85%) Java 8
14 14 (1.73%) Bash Shell
14 14 (1.73%) Scala
14 14 (1.73%) VB
15 13 (1.60%) Groovy
15 13 (1.60%) PHP
16 11 (1.36%) Apple Swift
16 11 (1.36%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 79 (9.74%) Degree
2 72 (8.88%) Security Cleared
3 58 (7.15%) SC Cleared
4 15 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
4 15 (1.85%) ISEB
5 13 (1.60%) ISTQB
6 11 (1.36%) Master's Degree
7 9 (1.11%) CREST Certified
7 9 (1.11%) OSCP
8 6 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.62%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.62%) PMI Certification
9 5 (0.62%) PMP
10 3 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.37%) CTC Cleared
10 3 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.25%) ACCA
11 2 (0.25%) CIMA
11 2 (0.25%) CISM
11 2 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (1.73%) WCAG
2 13 (1.60%) PMO
3 12 (1.48%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.62%) GDPR
5 4 (0.49%) EMIR
5 4 (0.49%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.37%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.37%) MiFID
6 3 (0.37%) NCSC
7 2 (0.25%) COBIT
7 2 (0.25%) GxP
7 2 (0.25%) Section 508
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 14001
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 50 (6.17%) Docker
2 5 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.49%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.25%) Firmware
4 2 (0.25%) LXC
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
5 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 26 (3.21%) Kubernetes
2 16 (1.97%) HP Quality Center
3 14 (1.73%) Ansible
4 11 (1.36%) Puppet
5 8 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.86%) Nagios
6 7 (0.86%) Terraform
7 6 (0.74%) SCCM
8 4 (0.49%) Control-M
8 4 (0.49%) HP SiteScope
8 4 (0.49%) Packer
9 3 (0.37%) CFEngine
9 3 (0.37%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.37%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.25%) Cobbler
11 1 (0.12%) Grafana
11 1 (0.12%) Kibana
11 1 (0.12%) Mesos
Vendors
1 59 (7.27%) Microsoft
2 57 (7.03%) Oracle
3 32 (3.95%) SAP
4 18 (2.22%) HP
5 17 (2.10%) Adobe
5 17 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
6 15 (1.85%) Google
6 15 (1.85%) hybris
7 13 (1.60%) IBM
7 13 (1.60%) Tableau
8 11 (1.36%) Apple
8 11 (1.36%) Atlassian
9 9 (1.11%) Cognos
10 8 (0.99%) Teradata
10 8 (0.99%) Xamarin
11 7 (0.86%) PeopleSoft
11 7 (0.86%) Splunk
12 6 (0.74%) MicroStrategy
12 6 (0.74%) Red Hat
12 6 (0.74%) TIBCO