Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 68 61 74
Rank change year-on-year -7 +13 -16
Contract jobs citing QA 1,815 1,881 1,552
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.94% 4.07% 3.46%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 38.71% 31.56% 30.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,379 1,400 1,124
London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £298
90th Percentile £623 £631 £600
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 10 20
London median hourly rate £37.50 £16.95 £19.62
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +121.24% -13.59% +3.24%
10th Percentile £10.90 £11.70 £11.65
90th Percentile £50.40 £24.03 £39.60
England median hourly rate £37.00 £21.90 £20.00
% change year-on-year +68.95% +9.50% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,689 5,960 5,052
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.18% 12.89% 11.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,282 4,256 3,538
London median daily rate £475 £475 £459
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.54% +1.94%
10th Percentile £275 £300 £270
90th Percentile £662 £675 £648
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 73 64
London median hourly rate £26.50 £20.00 £19.62
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.50% +1.96% -8.77%
10th Percentile £11.03 £12.10 £12.33
90th Percentile £57.50 £49.40 £65.10
England median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £22.67
% change year-on-year +10.00% -11.77% +4.63%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -13 357 £475 - 147
West London +15 123 £475 - 101
South London +26 97 £450 +5.88% 17
East London -27 28 £465 +3.33% 32
North London - 10 £438 - 4
QA
England

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 980 (53.99%) Agile Software Development
2 650 (35.81%) Test Automation
3 457 (25.18%) Finance
4 428 (23.58%) Java
5 386 (21.27%) Selenium
6 346 (19.06%) BDD
7 335 (18.46%) JavaScript
8 317 (17.47%) SQL
8 317 (17.47%) Scrum
9 302 (16.64%) TDD
10 280 (15.43%) C#
11 270 (14.88%) DevOps
12 248 (13.66%) JIRA
13 244 (13.44%) Jenkins
14 230 (12.67%) Banking
15 226 (12.45%) .NET
16 223 (12.29%) Continuous Integration
17 210 (11.57%) Cucumber
18 202 (11.13%) Analytical Skills
19 190 (10.47%) User Experience
20 186 (10.25%) Amazon AWS
21 179 (9.86%) Git (software)
22 168 (9.26%) HTML
22 168 (9.26%) User Acceptance Testing
23 165 (9.09%) Test Strategy
24 164 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
25 161 (8.87%) Analytics
26 159 (8.76%) SDLC
27 148 (8.15%) CSS
28 145 (7.99%) Web Services

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (5.29%) Confluence
2 47 (2.59%) CMS
3 42 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
4 34 (1.87%) IIS
5 29 (1.60%) SharePoint
6 28 (1.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 22 (1.21%) Apache Spark
7 22 (1.21%) WordPress
8 18 (0.99%) NServiceBus
9 15 (0.83%) WebSphere
10 14 (0.77%) Apache
11 10 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 10 (0.55%) SAS
12 8 (0.44%) SharePoint 2013
13 7 (0.39%) Tomcat
14 6 (0.33%) Mule
14 6 (0.33%) nginx
15 5 (0.28%) Jetty
15 5 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 78 (4.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (2.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 28 (1.54%) Microsoft Office
4 21 (1.16%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.61%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.50%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.22%) InfoPath
9 4 (0.22%) InVision
10 3 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.055%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.055%) HipChat
12 1 (0.055%) Mathematica
12 1 (0.055%) Mingle
12 1 (0.055%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 13 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
2 12 (0.66%) Oracle Retail
3 10 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.44%) PeopleSoft HCM
4 8 (0.44%) PeopleSoft HRMS
5 6 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.28%) Eloqua
6 5 (0.28%) SAP GRC
6 5 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.22%) Fredhopper
8 3 (0.17%) Endur
8 3 (0.17%) Magento
8 3 (0.17%) Markit EDM
8 3 (0.17%) Misys Midas
8 3 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
8 3 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
8 3 (0.17%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.11%) CA PPM
9 2 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 186 (10.25%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (7.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 82 (4.52%) GitHub
4 39 (2.15%) Amazon EC2
5 28 (1.54%) BrowserStack
5 28 (1.54%) SaaS
6 26 (1.43%) Dynamics 365
7 21 (1.16%) Office 365
8 19 (1.05%) PaaS
8 19 (1.05%) Serverless
9 18 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 17 (0.94%) Google Cloud Platform
10 17 (0.94%) Sauce Labs
11 15 (0.83%) IaaS
12 14 (0.77%) Adobe Analytics
12 14 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
12 14 (0.77%) Slack
13 13 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
14 12 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
14 12 (0.66%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 34 (1.87%) HTTP
2 18 (0.99%) Internet
3 14 (0.77%) Firewall
4 13 (0.72%) DNS
5 12 (0.66%) VLAN
6 11 (0.61%) HTTPS
6 11 (0.61%) VSAN
7 10 (0.55%) Skype
8 9 (0.50%) BGP
8 9 (0.50%) OSPF
9 7 (0.39%) FTP
9 7 (0.39%) SMS
10 5 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
10 5 (0.28%) FabricPath
10 5 (0.28%) HSRP
11 4 (0.22%) BIG-IP
11 4 (0.22%) DMZ
11 4 (0.22%) MPLS
11 4 (0.22%) SSL
11 4 (0.22%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (7.49%) SQL Server
2 59 (3.25%) Data Warehouse
2 59 (3.25%) PostgreSQL
3 49 (2.70%) MySQL
4 46 (2.53%) Big Data
5 44 (2.42%) MongoDB
6 38 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 36 (1.98%) Power BI
8 34 (1.87%) Relational Database
9 33 (1.82%) NoSQL
10 32 (1.76%) Hadoop
11 31 (1.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 27 (1.49%) Microsoft Analysis Services
13 21 (1.16%) Oracle Database
14 20 (1.10%) Data Lake
15 15 (0.83%) Azure SQL Database
16 14 (0.77%) Apache Hive
16 14 (0.77%) SQL Server 2014
16 14 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 13 (0.72%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 386 (21.27%) Selenium
2 248 (13.66%) JIRA
3 244 (13.44%) Jenkins
4 210 (11.57%) Cucumber
5 179 (9.86%) Git (software)
6 136 (7.49%) WebDriver
7 99 (5.45%) SpecFlow
8 89 (4.90%) TeamCity
9 68 (3.75%) Appium
10 57 (3.14%) SoapUI
11 52 (2.87%) JMeter
11 52 (2.87%) Maven
12 51 (2.81%) JUnit
13 50 (2.75%) Visual Studio
14 45 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
15 41 (2.26%) Mocha
16 34 (1.87%) Subversion
17 32 (1.76%) HP UFT
18 31 (1.71%) Octopus Deploy
18 31 (1.71%) Protractor
General
1 457 (25.18%) Finance
2 230 (12.67%) Banking
3 105 (5.79%) Retail
4 70 (3.86%) Marketing
5 59 (3.25%) Investment Banking
6 52 (2.87%) Front Office
7 37 (2.04%) Publishing
8 32 (1.76%) Law
9 30 (1.65%) Legal
10 27 (1.49%) Retail Banking
11 22 (1.21%) Financial Institution
12 17 (0.94%) Games
13 14 (0.77%) Back Office
14 12 (0.66%) Telecoms
15 11 (0.61%) General Ledger
16 10 (0.55%) Advertising
16 10 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.28%) Billing
17 5 (0.28%) Manufacturing
18 4 (0.22%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 452 (24.90%) Developer
2 277 (15.26%) Analyst
3 169 (9.31%) Tester
4 147 (8.10%) QA Engineer
5 100 (5.51%) QA Tester
6 97 (5.34%) Business Analyst
7 90 (4.96%) .NET Developer
8 82 (4.52%) Test Engineer
9 80 (4.41%) QA Analyst
9 80 (4.41%) Test Analyst
10 79 (4.35%) Java Developer
11 78 (4.30%) Architect
12 69 (3.80%) Consultant
13 65 (3.58%) Automation Tester
13 65 (3.58%) C# Developer
14 62 (3.42%) QA Automation Engineer
15 61 (3.36%) Test Manager
16 55 (3.03%) QA Leader
17 54 (2.98%) DevOps Engineer
17 54 (2.98%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (12.45%) .NET
2 168 (9.26%) HTML
3 148 (8.15%) CSS
4 145 (7.99%) Web Services
5 129 (7.11%) REST
6 127 (7.00%) Node.js
7 101 (5.56%) AngularJS
8 87 (4.79%) RESTful
9 86 (4.74%) React
10 75 (4.13%) JSON
10 75 (4.13%) XML
11 70 (3.86%) HTML5
12 68 (3.75%) Spring
13 67 (3.69%) jQuery
14 50 (2.75%) Gherkin
15 49 (2.70%) SOAP
16 45 (2.48%) .NET Framework
17 43 (2.37%) RabbitMQ
18 41 (2.26%) Sass
19 38 (2.09%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 202 (11.13%) Analytical Skills
2 190 (10.47%) User Experience
3 117 (6.45%) Mobile App
4 64 (3.53%) Greenfield Project
5 55 (3.03%) Computer Science
6 54 (2.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 45 (2.48%) Fintech
8 39 (2.15%) Management Information System
9 36 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
10 35 (1.93%) Data Centre
10 35 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
11 32 (1.76%) Video on Demand
12 31 (1.71%) Algorithms
13 29 (1.60%) Equities
14 22 (1.21%) Derivative
14 22 (1.21%) Video\Live Streaming
15 21 (1.16%) Over-the-Top Content
16 20 (1.10%) Virtual Team
17 18 (0.99%) Data Structures
18 17 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 119 (6.56%) Linux
2 87 (4.79%) Apple iOS
3 84 (4.63%) Android
4 80 (4.41%) Unix
5 71 (3.91%) Windows
6 22 (1.21%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.83%) Windows 10
8 14 (0.77%) CentOS
8 14 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 13 (0.72%) Ubuntu
10 11 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
11 9 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.28%) Mesosphere
13 3 (0.17%) Android TV
13 3 (0.17%) DC/OS
13 3 (0.17%) tvOS
13 3 (0.17%) VMS
14 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.11%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.055%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 980 (53.99%) Agile Software Development
2 650 (35.81%) Test Automation
3 346 (19.06%) BDD
4 317 (17.47%) Scrum
5 302 (16.64%) TDD
6 270 (14.88%) DevOps
7 223 (12.29%) Continuous Integration
8 168 (9.26%) User Acceptance Testing
9 165 (9.09%) Test Strategy
10 164 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
11 161 (8.87%) Analytics
12 159 (8.76%) SDLC
13 145 (7.99%) Software Engineering
14 144 (7.93%) Microservices
15 135 (7.44%) Test Scripting
16 126 (6.94%) Project Management
16 126 (6.94%) SDET
17 122 (6.72%) Open Source
18 116 (6.39%) Acceptance Criteria
18 116 (6.39%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 428 (23.58%) Java
2 335 (18.46%) JavaScript
3 317 (17.47%) SQL
4 280 (15.43%) C#
5 143 (7.88%) Python
6 50 (2.75%) T-SQL
7 47 (2.59%) PowerShell
8 45 (2.48%) Bash Shell
9 44 (2.42%) PHP
9 44 (2.42%) PL/SQL
9 44 (2.42%) Ruby
10 34 (1.87%) Java 8
10 34 (1.87%) TypeScript
11 33 (1.82%) ES6
11 33 (1.82%) Scala
12 25 (1.38%) C
13 22 (1.21%) C++
13 22 (1.21%) R
14 21 (1.16%) Groovy
14 21 (1.16%) VBA
Qualifications
1 117 (6.45%) Degree
2 94 (5.18%) Security Cleared
3 85 (4.68%) SC Cleared
4 45 (2.48%) ISEB
5 40 (2.20%) ISTQB
6 25 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (0.83%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 15 (0.83%) PMP
8 14 (0.77%) PhD
8 14 (0.77%) PMI Certification
9 9 (0.50%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.39%) CISM
10 7 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
11 6 (0.33%) CISA
11 6 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
12 5 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (0.28%) VCAP
12 5 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (1.87%) PMO
2 31 (1.71%) Data Quality
3 23 (1.27%) GDPR
4 12 (0.66%) MiFID
4 12 (0.66%) SEPA
4 12 (0.66%) WCAG
5 9 (0.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 8 (0.44%) SLA
7 6 (0.33%) PSD2
8 5 (0.28%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 5 (0.28%) GMP
8 5 (0.28%) GxP
9 4 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.22%) TARGET2
10 3 (0.17%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.11%) COBIT
11 2 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.11%) EMIR
11 2 (0.11%) WAI
12 1 (0.055%) Section 508
System Software
1 117 (6.45%) Docker
2 18 (0.99%) XenDesktop
3 16 (0.88%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.66%) vSphere
5 10 (0.55%) Apache Flume
6 9 (0.50%) Microsoft App-V
7 8 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
7 8 (0.44%) XenApp
8 7 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.11%) HDFS
10 2 (0.11%) NFS
10 2 (0.11%) Snort
10 2 (0.11%) Squid
10 2 (0.11%) vCloud
10 2 (0.11%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.055%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.055%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.055%) IAG
Systems Management
1 56 (3.09%) Kubernetes
2 50 (2.75%) Ansible
3 49 (2.70%) Terraform
4 44 (2.42%) Puppet
5 36 (1.98%) HP Quality Center
6 22 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (1.10%) Grafana
8 16 (0.88%) Nagios
9 13 (0.72%) Kibana
10 12 (0.66%) HP ALM
11 11 (0.61%) logstash
12 10 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.44%) Salt
14 7 (0.39%) Packer
15 6 (0.33%) Capistrano
15 6 (0.33%) Icinga
15 6 (0.33%) Oozie
15 6 (0.33%) Prometheus
15 6 (0.33%) ZABBIX
16 5 (0.28%) Galera Cluster
Vendors
1 140 (7.71%) Microsoft
2 112 (6.17%) Oracle
3 50 (2.75%) Adobe
4 44 (2.42%) Google
5 41 (2.26%) HP
6 40 (2.20%) Citrix
6 40 (2.20%) SAP
7 32 (1.76%) Sitecore
8 25 (1.38%) VMware
9 23 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
10 21 (1.16%) IBM
11 20 (1.10%) Cisco
12 18 (0.99%) New Relic
12 18 (0.99%) Tableau
13 16 (0.88%) Perfecto Mobile
13 16 (0.88%) Sybase
14 15 (0.83%) AppDynamics
14 15 (0.83%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 15 (0.83%) Splunk
15 14 (0.77%) Atlassian