Period
to 22 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
England > London
6 months to
22 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 75 83 64
Rank change year-on-year +8 -19 +1
Contract jobs citing QA 484 1,129 1,819
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.42% 3.07% 3.94%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 33.73% 32.47% 37.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 318 778 1,390
Median daily rate £475 £486 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.31% +2.37% -
10th Percentile £313 £325 £313
90th Percentile £645 £638 £615
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 18
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.89 £40.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +67.54% -48.74% +86.07%
England median hourly rate £24.17 £29.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year -16.67% -20.55% +66.67%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 1,435 3,477 4,864
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.15% 9.47% 10.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 893 2,363 3,443
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% -2.56%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £280
90th Percentile £650 £663 £663
England median daily rate £470 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +4.43% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 51 72
Median hourly rate £35.00 £18.70 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +87.17% -25.20% +25.00%
10th Percentile £18.98 £12.00 £11.03
90th Percentile £52.07 £35.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £26.22 £22.00 £22.20
% change year-on-year +19.18% -0.88% +10.98%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Daily rate trend for QA in London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in London over the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in London

QA
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the London region over the 6 months to 22 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +22 72 £500 +5.26% 48
South London +45 25 £375 -16.67% 9
West London +6 20 £500 - 20
East London +38 4 £450 -18.18% 13
North London +11 2 £300 -20.00% 2
QA
England

For the 6 months to 22 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for QA.

1 230 (47.52%) Agile Software Development
2 142 (29.34%) Java
3 135 (27.89%) Test Automation
4 127 (26.24%) Finance
5 89 (18.39%) DevOps
6 80 (16.53%) SQL
6 80 (16.53%) Python
7 70 (14.46%) JavaScript
8 68 (14.05%) AWS
9 67 (13.84%) Scrum
10 64 (13.22%) Jenkins
11 63 (13.02%) Azure
11 63 (13.02%) Linux
12 60 (12.40%) Selenium
12 60 (12.40%) Git (software)
13 59 (12.19%) Security Cleared
14 58 (11.98%) Problem-Solving
15 57 (11.78%) JIRA
16 56 (11.57%) Oracle
17 55 (11.36%) SC Cleared
18 54 (11.16%) BDD
18 54 (11.16%) REST
18 54 (11.16%) TDD
19 49 (10.12%) Banking
20 46 (9.50%) Degree
20 46 (9.50%) Continuous Integration
20 46 (9.50%) Project Management
20 46 (9.50%) Analytical Skills
21 45 (9.30%) Data Warehouse
22 44 (9.09%) Docker

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (3.51%) Confluence
2 13 (2.69%) Appian
3 12 (2.48%) IIS
4 11 (2.27%) Tomcat
5 10 (2.07%) SharePoint
6 6 (1.24%) Apache
7 5 (1.03%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (1.03%) SharePoint 2013
8 4 (0.83%) CMS
9 3 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.62%) JBoss
10 2 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.41%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.41%) IBM HTTP Server
10 2 (0.41%) nginx
10 2 (0.41%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.41%) SAS
11 1 (0.21%) ArcGIS
11 1 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 14 (2.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.86%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 9 (1.86%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 2 (0.41%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
5 1 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.21%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.21%) InVision
5 1 (0.21%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.21%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 4 (0.83%) Oracle Assets
1 4 (0.83%) Oracle Cash Management
1 4 (0.83%) Oracle Payables
1 4 (0.83%) Oracle Receivables
2 3 (0.62%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (0.62%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.41%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.41%) Front Arena
3 2 (0.41%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 2 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.21%) Infor SunSystems
4 1 (0.21%) Loan IQ
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle AML
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.21%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 68 (14.05%) AWS
2 63 (13.02%) Azure
3 18 (3.72%) GitHub
4 13 (2.69%) SaaS
5 11 (2.27%) GCP
6 10 (2.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 10 (2.07%) Power Platform
6 10 (2.07%) Serverless
7 9 (1.86%) IaaS
8 8 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
8 8 (1.65%) Datadog
9 7 (1.45%) Amazon S3
9 7 (1.45%) Dynamics 365
9 7 (1.45%) PaaS
10 6 (1.24%) Adobe Analytics
10 6 (1.24%) OpenShift
11 5 (1.03%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 5 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (1.03%) Azure Active Directory
11 5 (1.03%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 16 (3.31%) HTTP
2 6 (1.24%) DNS
2 6 (1.24%) Firewall
3 5 (1.03%) WAN
4 4 (0.83%) LAN
4 4 (0.83%) SSH
4 4 (0.83%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.83%) Wi-Fi
4 4 (0.83%) Wireless
5 3 (0.62%) DHCP
5 3 (0.62%) DVB
5 3 (0.62%) FTP
5 3 (0.62%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.62%) VPN
5 3 (0.62%) WLAN
6 2 (0.41%) Broadband
6 2 (0.41%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.41%) MPLS
6 2 (0.41%) OSPF
6 2 (0.41%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (9.30%) Data Warehouse
2 33 (6.82%) MySQL
3 24 (4.96%) Big Data
4 22 (4.55%) Relational Database
4 22 (4.55%) SQL Server
5 18 (3.72%) Data Lake
6 12 (2.48%) PostgreSQL
7 11 (2.27%) Amazon Redshift
8 10 (2.07%) Oracle Database
8 10 (2.07%) Power BI
9 9 (1.86%) Amazon Athena
9 9 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
9 9 (1.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 8 (1.65%) Data Mining
10 8 (1.65%) MongoDB
10 8 (1.65%) OLAP
10 8 (1.65%) Oracle Reports
11 7 (1.45%) Tableau
12 6 (1.24%) RDBMS
12 6 (1.24%) Redis
Development Applications
1 64 (13.22%) Jenkins
2 60 (12.40%) Git (software)
2 60 (12.40%) Selenium
3 57 (11.78%) JIRA
4 38 (7.85%) Cucumber
5 23 (4.75%) JMeter
6 21 (4.34%) WebDriver
7 20 (4.13%) LoadRunner
8 19 (3.93%) Maven
9 17 (3.51%) Cypress.io
9 17 (3.51%) JUnit
10 16 (3.31%) GitLab
11 14 (2.89%) Jasmine
12 12 (2.48%) GDB
12 12 (2.48%) SoapUI
13 11 (2.27%) Appium
13 11 (2.27%) Mocha
14 10 (2.07%) Postman
15 9 (1.86%) GCC
16 8 (1.65%) TestNG
General
1 127 (26.24%) Finance
2 49 (10.12%) Banking
3 28 (5.79%) Public Sector
4 17 (3.51%) Legal
5 16 (3.31%) Marketing
6 14 (2.89%) Investment Banking
6 14 (2.89%) Retail
7 11 (2.27%) Advertising
7 11 (2.27%) Front Office
8 10 (2.07%) Telecoms
9 9 (1.86%) Manufacturing
10 8 (1.65%) Financial Institution
11 7 (1.45%) Retail Banking
12 6 (1.24%) Law
13 4 (0.83%) Billing
13 4 (0.83%) Electronics
14 3 (0.62%) Back Office
15 2 (0.41%) Games
15 2 (0.41%) General Ledger
15 2 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 118 (24.38%) Developer
2 61 (12.60%) QA Engineer
3 59 (12.19%) Analyst
4 35 (7.23%) Tester
5 28 (5.79%) QA Automation Engineer
6 23 (4.75%) Architect
6 23 (4.75%) Automation Engineer
7 22 (4.55%) Java Engineer
8 20 (4.13%) QA Analyst
9 19 (3.93%) QA Tester
10 18 (3.72%) Data Engineer
10 18 (3.72%) Test Engineer
11 16 (3.31%) Java Developer
12 15 (3.10%) Business Analyst
13 14 (2.89%) Consultant
14 13 (2.69%) Appian Developer
14 13 (2.69%) AWS Engineer
14 13 (2.69%) DevOps Engineer
14 13 (2.69%) Senior QA Engineer
15 12 (2.48%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (11.16%) REST
2 42 (8.68%) HTML
3 38 (7.85%) Web Services
4 29 (5.99%) CSS
5 28 (5.79%) .NET
5 28 (5.79%) Spring
6 21 (4.34%) Gherkin
7 18 (3.72%) Spring Boot
8 16 (3.31%) FIX Protocol
8 16 (3.31%) JSON
8 16 (3.31%) XML
9 15 (3.10%) HTML5
10 14 (2.89%) Jest
10 14 (2.89%) Node.js
10 14 (2.89%) SOAP
11 12 (2.48%) Kafka
11 12 (2.48%) React
12 11 (2.27%) AngularJS
12 11 (2.27%) LAMP
12 11 (2.27%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 46 (9.50%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (6.82%) User Experience
3 23 (4.75%) Mobile App
4 21 (4.34%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (4.13%) Greenfield Project
6 19 (3.93%) Management Information System
7 12 (2.48%) Linux Command Line
8 11 (2.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (2.07%) Algorithms
9 10 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
10 8 (1.65%) Data Structures
11 6 (1.24%) Equities
12 5 (1.03%) FMCG
12 5 (1.03%) Video on Demand
12 5 (1.03%) Virtual Team
13 4 (0.83%) Derivative
13 4 (0.83%) Mobile Banking
13 4 (0.83%) N-Tier
13 4 (0.83%) Video\Live Streaming
14 3 (0.62%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 63 (13.02%) Linux
2 32 (6.61%) Unix
3 30 (6.20%) Windows
4 23 (4.75%) Android
5 21 (4.34%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.03%) Windows Mobile
7 4 (0.83%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.41%) AIX
8 2 (0.41%) CentOS
8 2 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.41%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.21%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.21%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.21%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 230 (47.52%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (27.89%) Test Automation
3 89 (18.39%) DevOps
4 67 (13.84%) Scrum
5 58 (11.98%) Problem-Solving
6 54 (11.16%) BDD
6 54 (11.16%) TDD
7 46 (9.50%) Continuous Integration
7 46 (9.50%) Project Management
8 43 (8.88%) Microservices
9 40 (8.26%) Regression Testing
9 40 (8.26%) SDLC
9 40 (8.26%) User Acceptance Testing
10 37 (7.64%) Migration
11 36 (7.44%) ETL
12 34 (7.02%) Computer Science
12 34 (7.02%) Performance Testing
13 32 (6.61%) Business Intelligence
13 32 (6.61%) Open Source
14 31 (6.40%) Test Scripting
Programming Languages
1 142 (29.34%) Java
2 80 (16.53%) Python
2 80 (16.53%) SQL
3 70 (14.46%) JavaScript
4 31 (6.40%) C#
5 28 (5.79%) Java 8
6 27 (5.58%) C++
7 20 (4.13%) Bash Shell
8 16 (3.31%) PL/SQL
8 16 (3.31%) Shell Script
9 15 (3.10%) Ruby
10 14 (2.89%) C
10 14 (2.89%) Perl
11 11 (2.27%) Java 9
12 9 (1.86%) PowerShell
13 8 (1.65%) TypeScript
14 7 (1.45%) VBA
15 6 (1.24%) Apple Swift
16 5 (1.03%) Kotlin
16 5 (1.03%) Scala
Qualifications
1 59 (12.19%) Security Cleared
2 55 (11.36%) SC Cleared
3 46 (9.50%) Degree
4 23 (4.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (2.48%) Master's Degree
6 8 (1.65%) DV Cleared
7 7 (1.45%) ISEB
8 6 (1.24%) AWS Certification
9 5 (1.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 5 (1.03%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 4 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.83%) EnCE
10 4 (0.83%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.83%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.62%) BICSI Certification
11 3 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.41%) CCIE
12 2 (0.41%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.41%) RIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.69%) Data Quality
2 8 (1.65%) PCI DSS
3 5 (1.03%) PMO
4 4 (0.83%) ISO 9001
4 4 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 17025
4 4 (0.83%) NIST
5 3 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.62%) Section 508
5 3 (0.62%) SLA
6 2 (0.41%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.41%) ISO 14001
6 2 (0.41%) ISO 8583
6 2 (0.41%) MiFID
6 2 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.41%) WAI
7 1 (0.21%) GDPR
7 1 (0.21%) GxP
7 1 (0.21%) IFRS
7 1 (0.21%) P3O
7 1 (0.21%) WCAG
System Software
1 44 (9.09%) Docker
2 11 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.03%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.41%) KVM
5 2 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.41%) Varnish
5 2 (0.41%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.41%) Xen
6 1 (0.21%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 22 (4.55%) Kubernetes
2 20 (4.13%) Terraform
3 14 (2.89%) Ansible
3 14 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
4 11 (2.27%) Puppet
5 10 (2.07%) Nagios
6 5 (1.03%) HP ALM
7 4 (0.83%) EnCase
7 4 (0.83%) FTK
7 4 (0.83%) Rundeck
7 4 (0.83%) ZABBIX
8 3 (0.62%) OpenView
8 3 (0.62%) SCCM
8 3 (0.62%) SCOM
9 2 (0.41%) Cisco Prime
9 2 (0.41%) Data Guard
9 2 (0.41%) Grafana
9 2 (0.41%) Kibana
9 2 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
9 2 (0.41%) TrustSec
Vendors
1 56 (11.57%) Oracle
2 39 (8.06%) Microsoft
3 21 (4.34%) Splunk
4 18 (3.72%) Salesforce.com
5 12 (2.48%) Google
5 12 (2.48%) HP
6 10 (2.07%) Informatica
6 10 (2.07%) SAP
7 7 (1.45%) CA Agile Central
8 6 (1.24%) Adobe
8 6 (1.24%) NEC
9 5 (1.03%) AppDynamics
9 5 (1.03%) Cognos
10 4 (0.83%) Atlassian
10 4 (0.83%) Broadcom
10 4 (0.83%) Cellebrite
10 4 (0.83%) Citrix
10 4 (0.83%) Nuix
11 3 (0.62%) Cisco
11 3 (0.62%) SolarWinds