Period
to 23 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 69 79 91
Rank change year-on-year +10 +12 +10
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3114 3090 2644
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.18% 2.88% 2.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.77% 3.43% 2.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 1998 1952 1577
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +12.50% +3.23%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £627 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £415 £363
% change year-on-year -0.60% +14.48% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 251 263 324
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £32.50 £32.50 £31.44
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.25 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.12% +6.25% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 82647 89976 92938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.41% 83.73% 81.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 54590 59582 60114
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2001 2279 2628
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £24.00 £22.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.08% +7.01% +12.14%
10th Percentile £11.52 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.08 £47.57
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.83
% change year-on-year - +9.51% +8.71%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 2829 £475 +5.56% 749
UK excluding London +4 1687 £413 -0.60% 494
London +12 1390 £523 +4.50% 285
South East -1 442 £438 +2.94% 113
North of England +19 406 £425 -1.16% 132
South West +1 225 £400 -2.44% 65
East of England +6 206 £450 +10.57% 111
North West +17 194 £450 +5.88% 74
Yorkshire +33 168 £430 +1.78% 50
Midlands -32 153 £356 -9.81% 45
Scotland +38 149 £375 +7.14% 20
Wales -7 88 £407 +4.23% 8
East Midlands +17 83 £363 +3.57% 24
West Midlands -50 72 £390 -2.50% 20
North East +44 58 £425 -10.53% 8
Northern Ireland -42 10 £446 - 2
Channel Islands - 9 - -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1573 (50.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1115 (35.81%) Java
3 830 (26.65%) TDD
4 741 (23.80%) JavaScript
5 684 (21.97%) Linux
6 674 (21.64%) Scrum
7 609 (19.56%) C#
8 603 (19.36%) Continuous Integration
9 598 (19.20%) SQL
10 525 (16.86%) C++
11 523 (16.80%) Test Automation
12 506 (16.25%) Git (software)
13 488 (15.67%) .NET
14 476 (15.29%) HTML
15 472 (15.16%) Python
16 458 (14.71%) Finance
17 434 (13.94%) Amazon AWS
18 422 (13.55%) AngularJS
19 417 (13.39%) OO
20 399 (12.81%) Web Services
20 399 (12.81%) DevOps
21 398 (12.78%) CSS
22 396 (12.72%) Microservices
23 392 (12.59%) BDD
24 389 (12.49%) Spring
25 374 (12.01%) C
26 337 (10.82%) Jenkins
27 336 (10.79%) MongoDB
28 329 (10.57%) Node.js
29 323 (10.37%) MVC

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (4.78%) Apache Spark
2 89 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
3 86 (2.76%) Apache
4 82 (2.63%) Confluence
5 74 (2.38%) JBoss
6 68 (2.18%) Tomcat
7 49 (1.57%) CMS
8 43 (1.38%) Cloud Foundry
9 42 (1.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 31 (1.00%) NServiceBus
11 30 (0.96%) WebLogic
12 29 (0.93%) Apache Solr
13 21 (0.67%) Apache Pig
13 21 (0.67%) nginx
14 20 (0.64%) SharePoint
15 19 (0.61%) WebSphere
16 18 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 16 (0.51%) OpenStack
18 15 (0.48%) GlassFish
19 14 (0.45%) Jetty
Applications
1 45 (1.45%) Simulink
2 23 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
4 11 (0.35%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.29%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.22%) Doxygen
6 7 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 6 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.16%) TargetLink
9 4 (0.13%) InfoPath
9 4 (0.13%) InVision
9 4 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
10 2 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.032%) Adobe Captivate
11 1 (0.032%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.032%) HipChat
11 1 (0.032%) OrCAD
11 1 (0.032%) SPSS
11 1 (0.032%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 18 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.48%) LabWindows
3 12 (0.39%) Magento
4 6 (0.19%) OpenText Process Suite
5 5 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.13%) SAP ERP
7 3 (0.096%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.096%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.096%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.064%) MetaTrader
8 2 (0.064%) RMDS
8 2 (0.064%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.064%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.064%) Teamcenter
9 1 (0.032%) Exstream
9 1 (0.032%) Maximo
9 1 (0.032%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.032%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 434 (13.94%) Amazon AWS
2 214 (6.87%) Microsoft Azure
3 116 (3.73%) GitHub
4 68 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
5 50 (1.61%) PaaS
6 41 (1.32%) Slack
7 40 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
8 39 (1.25%) SaaS
9 32 (1.03%) Google Cloud Platform
10 29 (0.93%) npm
11 26 (0.83%) Cloud Computing
12 24 (0.77%) IaaS
13 19 (0.61%) OpenShift
14 18 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 17 (0.55%) Amazon S3
15 17 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (0.51%) Bluemix
16 16 (0.51%) IBM Cloud
16 16 (0.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 10 (0.32%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 121 (3.89%) HTTP
1 121 (3.89%) TCP/IP
2 65 (2.09%) SSL
3 42 (1.35%) Wireless
4 38 (1.22%) Internet
5 27 (0.87%) DNS
5 27 (0.87%) Firewall
6 26 (0.83%) Bluetooth
6 26 (0.83%) Wireshark
7 24 (0.77%) Network Security
7 24 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
8 18 (0.58%) SMS
9 17 (0.55%) Ethernet
9 17 (0.55%) LDAP
9 17 (0.55%) ZigBee
10 12 (0.39%) Link 16
10 12 (0.39%) WAN
11 11 (0.35%) FlexRay
11 11 (0.35%) LAN
11 11 (0.35%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 336 (10.79%) MongoDB
2 317 (10.18%) NoSQL
3 246 (7.90%) SQL Server
4 187 (6.01%) MySQL
5 173 (5.56%) Big Data
5 173 (5.56%) Relational Database
6 147 (4.72%) Hadoop
7 135 (4.34%) PostgreSQL
8 120 (3.85%) Apache Cassandra
9 63 (2.02%) Apache Hive
9 63 (2.02%) Data Warehouse
10 61 (1.96%) Redis
11 51 (1.64%) RDBMS
12 43 (1.38%) Oracle Database
13 37 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 36 (1.16%) HBase
15 32 (1.03%) RavenDB
16 30 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 25 (0.80%) Impala
18 24 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 506 (16.25%) Git (software)
2 337 (10.82%) Jenkins
3 198 (6.36%) JIRA
4 123 (3.95%) Visual Studio
5 119 (3.82%) JUnit
6 116 (3.73%) Maven
7 115 (3.69%) Cucumber
8 108 (3.47%) Subversion
9 102 (3.28%) Selenium
10 95 (3.05%) Eclipse
10 95 (3.05%) TeamCity
11 81 (2.60%) Rational DOORS
12 78 (2.50%) Octopus Deploy
13 72 (2.31%) Grunt
14 71 (2.28%) Mockito
15 65 (2.09%) Rational Rhapsody
16 63 (2.02%) NUnit
17 62 (1.99%) Gradle
17 62 (1.99%) Team Foundation Server
18 61 (1.96%) IntelliJ
General
1 458 (14.71%) Finance
2 295 (9.47%) Banking
3 134 (4.30%) Front Office
4 119 (3.82%) Investment Banking
5 82 (2.63%) Electronics
6 61 (1.96%) Automotive
6 61 (1.96%) Games
7 58 (1.86%) Retail
8 57 (1.83%) Aerospace
9 54 (1.73%) Marketing
10 49 (1.57%) Telecoms
11 32 (1.03%) Publishing
12 31 (1.00%) Manufacturing
13 29 (0.93%) Avionics
13 29 (0.93%) Military
14 19 (0.61%) Advertising
15 17 (0.55%) Back Office
16 10 (0.32%) Law
16 10 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.29%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1444 (46.37%) Developer
2 1004 (32.24%) Software Engineer
3 408 (13.10%) Java Developer
4 206 (6.62%) C# Developer
5 198 (6.36%) .NET Developer
6 169 (5.43%) Java Engineer
7 168 (5.39%) Senior Software Engineer
8 165 (5.30%) Senior Developer
9 164 (5.27%) Embedded Engineer
10 155 (4.98%) Embedded Software Engineer
11 149 (4.78%) C++ Software Engineer
12 145 (4.66%) DevOps Engineer
13 144 (4.62%) JavaScript Developer
14 141 (4.53%) Java Software Engineer
14 141 (4.53%) Software Developer
15 129 (4.14%) Architect
16 120 (3.85%) Agile Developer
17 116 (3.73%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 103 (3.31%) Full Stack Developer
19 101 (3.24%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 488 (15.67%) .NET
2 476 (15.29%) HTML
3 422 (13.55%) AngularJS
4 399 (12.81%) Web Services
5 398 (12.78%) CSS
6 389 (12.49%) Spring
7 329 (10.57%) Node.js
8 293 (9.41%) RESTful
9 260 (8.35%) React
10 256 (8.22%) REST
11 250 (8.03%) HTML5
12 212 (6.81%) JSON
13 189 (6.07%) ASP.NET
14 163 (5.23%) XML
15 149 (4.78%) jQuery
16 146 (4.69%) Hibernate
17 118 (3.79%) ASP.NET Web API
18 108 (3.47%) ASP.NET MVC
19 105 (3.37%) J2EE
20 99 (3.18%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 215 (6.90%) Analytical Skills
2 210 (6.74%) Computer Science
3 175 (5.62%) User Experience
4 142 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
5 111 (3.56%) Algorithms
6 99 (3.18%) Mobile App
7 87 (2.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 58 (1.86%) Data Structures
9 53 (1.70%) Derivative
10 52 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
10 52 (1.67%) Fintech
11 45 (1.45%) Virtual Team
12 43 (1.38%) Fixed Income
13 42 (1.35%) Embedded Systems
14 36 (1.16%) Equity Derivative
15 32 (1.03%) Cloud Native
15 32 (1.03%) iPhone
15 32 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
16 28 (0.90%) Device Driver
17 27 (0.87%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 684 (21.97%) Linux
2 288 (9.25%) Windows
3 228 (7.32%) Unix
4 119 (3.82%) Apple iOS
5 111 (3.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 99 (3.18%) Android
7 40 (1.28%) Embedded Linux
8 35 (1.12%) CentOS
9 23 (0.74%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.67%) Windows Server
11 18 (0.58%) Mac OS X
11 18 (0.58%) VxWorks
12 13 (0.42%) CoreOS
13 12 (0.39%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.35%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.35%) Windows 7
15 10 (0.32%) Debian
16 8 (0.26%) Nucleus RTOS
16 8 (0.26%) Solaris
16 8 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1573 (50.51%) Agile Software Development
2 830 (26.65%) TDD
3 674 (21.64%) Scrum
4 603 (19.36%) Continuous Integration
5 523 (16.80%) Test Automation
6 417 (13.39%) OO
7 399 (12.81%) DevOps
8 396 (12.72%) Microservices
9 392 (12.59%) BDD
10 323 (10.37%) MVC
11 293 (9.41%) SDLC
12 269 (8.64%) Unit Testing
13 261 (8.38%) Kanban
14 253 (8.12%) Configuration Management
15 251 (8.06%) Open Source
16 243 (7.80%) Pair Programming
17 207 (6.65%) Web Development
18 201 (6.45%) SOA
19 191 (6.13%) Multithreading
20 184 (5.91%) UML
Programming Languages
1 1115 (35.81%) Java
2 741 (23.80%) JavaScript
3 609 (19.56%) C#
4 598 (19.20%) SQL
5 525 (16.86%) C++
6 472 (15.16%) Python
7 374 (12.01%) C
8 225 (7.23%) Scala
9 124 (3.98%) Ruby
10 122 (3.92%) Embedded C
11 95 (3.05%) PHP
12 93 (2.99%) Groovy
13 88 (2.83%) Perl
14 83 (2.67%) Bash Shell
15 69 (2.22%) Go
16 61 (1.96%) Apple Swift
17 57 (1.83%) MATLAB
18 56 (1.80%) Objective-C
19 55 (1.77%) T-SQL
20 51 (1.64%) ES6
Qualifications
1 288 (9.25%) Degree
2 264 (8.48%) Security Cleared
3 184 (5.91%) SC Cleared
4 112 (3.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
6 19 (0.61%) DV Cleared
6 19 (0.61%) ISTQB
7 16 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.29%) ISEB
9 8 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.19%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.13%) CSQA
11 4 (0.13%) PhD
11 4 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 3 (0.096%) BC Cleared
12 3 (0.096%) CISSP
12 3 (0.096%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.096%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.096%) PMP
13 2 (0.064%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 260 (8.35%) QA
2 55 (1.77%) MISRA
3 24 (0.77%) DO-178B
4 23 (0.74%) MISRA C
5 18 (0.58%) Def Stans
5 18 (0.58%) GDPR
6 16 (0.51%) MiFID
6 16 (0.51%) PCI DSS
7 11 (0.35%) GPG13
7 11 (0.35%) MIL-STD-1553
8 9 (0.29%) Data Quality
8 9 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
9 7 (0.22%) ISO 26262
10 6 (0.19%) PMO
10 6 (0.19%) SLA
11 5 (0.16%) JSP 440
12 4 (0.13%) GCP
12 4 (0.13%) IEC 62304
12 4 (0.13%) WCAG
13 3 (0.096%) MIL-STD-498
System Software
1 293 (9.41%) Docker
2 29 (0.93%) Firmware
3 26 (0.83%) Active Directory
4 24 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (0.64%) Xen
6 18 (0.58%) KVM
7 15 (0.48%) Apache Flume
8 13 (0.42%) HDFS
9 8 (0.26%) LXC
9 8 (0.26%) VirtualBox
10 6 (0.19%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
10 6 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.13%) OpenAM
11 4 (0.13%) OpenIDM
11 4 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.096%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.096%) Cygwin
12 3 (0.096%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.096%) vSphere
13 2 (0.064%) Snort
Systems Management
1 178 (5.72%) Puppet
2 161 (5.17%) Ansible
3 121 (3.89%) Opscode Chef
4 86 (2.76%) Kubernetes
5 67 (2.15%) Terraform
6 38 (1.22%) Kibana
7 30 (0.96%) logstash
8 24 (0.77%) Hadoop YARN
9 22 (0.71%) Grafana
9 22 (0.71%) Rancher
10 14 (0.45%) Packer
11 13 (0.42%) Cobbler
11 13 (0.42%) Mesos
12 12 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
13 9 (0.29%) Oozie
14 8 (0.26%) Consul
14 8 (0.26%) Nagios
15 6 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
15 6 (0.19%) Prometheus
15 6 (0.19%) rkt
Vendors
1 249 (8.00%) Oracle
2 248 (7.96%) Microsoft
3 60 (1.93%) Google
3 60 (1.93%) Red Hat
4 58 (1.86%) New Relic
5 36 (1.16%) IBM
6 34 (1.09%) Atlassian
7 33 (1.06%) VMware
8 30 (0.96%) Adobe
8 30 (0.96%) Splunk
9 29 (0.93%) Cloudera
10 26 (0.83%) Sitecore
11 25 (0.80%) Apple
11 25 (0.80%) WSO2
12 23 (0.74%) Talend
13 20 (0.64%) SAP
14 19 (0.61%) Perforce
14 19 (0.61%) TIBCO
15 16 (0.51%) Hortonworks
16 15 (0.48%) Xamarin