Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 69 73 86
Rank change year-on-year +4 +13 +26
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3315 3201 2756
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.24% 3.08% 2.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.84% 3.67% 2.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 2171 2005 1721
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +4.43%
10th Percentile £328 £313 £297
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £363
% change year-on-year - +17.24% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 258 263 345
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +5.25% +0.95%
10th Percentile £32.50 £32.50 £31.44
90th Percentile £52.65 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.75 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.59% +6.25% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86424 87276 93513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.91% 81.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 57570 57725 60596
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2044 2323 2749
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.44 £11.26 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.04% +3.16% +18.75%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 3052 £475 +5.56% 1324
UK excluding London +1 1732 £425 - 855
London +9 1548 £525 +5.00% 535
South East -14 445 £438 +2.94% 207
North of England +23 432 £425 -1.16% 203
East of England -8 241 £413 +3.13% 193
South West -7 224 £400 -2.44% 101
North West +16 218 £450 +5.88% 86
Yorkshire +32 179 £430 +1.18% 100
Midlands -23 155 £398 +9.81% 83
Scotland +20 145 £375 - 50
West Midlands -45 79 £375 - 47
Wales -13 77 £415 -5.95% 10
East Midlands +5 71 £424 +25.56% 35
North East +36 63 £425 -5.56% 17
Northern Ireland -44 9 £460 - 8
Channel Islands - 5 - -

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1724 (52.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1292 (38.97%) Java
3 943 (28.45%) TDD
4 830 (25.04%) JavaScript
5 763 (23.02%) Scrum
6 734 (22.14%) Linux
7 678 (20.45%) Continuous Integration
8 664 (20.03%) SQL
9 631 (19.03%) C#
10 581 (17.53%) Test Automation
11 579 (17.47%) Git (software)
12 521 (15.72%) Python
13 519 (15.66%) .NET
14 515 (15.54%) C++
15 501 (15.11%) Amazon AWS
16 500 (15.08%) BDD
17 490 (14.78%) HTML
18 473 (14.27%) Finance
19 452 (13.63%) Web Services
20 445 (13.42%) Microservices
21 429 (12.94%) CSS
22 428 (12.91%) Spring
23 424 (12.79%) AngularJS
24 422 (12.73%) DevOps
24 422 (12.73%) OO
25 416 (12.55%) Jenkins
26 387 (11.67%) MongoDB
27 379 (11.43%) C
28 377 (11.37%) NoSQL
29 368 (11.10%) Node.js

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (4.28%) Apache Spark
2 114 (3.44%) Confluence
3 102 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
4 100 (3.02%) Apache
5 95 (2.87%) Tomcat
6 85 (2.56%) JBoss
7 68 (2.05%) CMS
8 45 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 34 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 34 (1.03%) WebLogic
10 32 (0.97%) nginx
11 29 (0.87%) Jetty
11 29 (0.87%) NServiceBus
12 28 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
12 28 (0.84%) WebSphere
13 25 (0.75%) SharePoint
14 24 (0.72%) Apache Solr
14 24 (0.72%) OpenStack
15 20 (0.60%) Drupal
16 18 (0.54%) IIS
Applications
1 46 (1.39%) Simulink
2 21 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.60%) Microsoft Project
4 18 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.36%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.30%) Photoshop
7 9 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.12%) Doxygen
8 4 (0.12%) InfoPath
8 4 (0.12%) InVision
8 4 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.090%) Autodesk Inventor
9 3 (0.090%) MicroStation
9 3 (0.090%) SOLIDWORKS
10 2 (0.060%) SPSS
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.030%) HipChat
11 1 (0.030%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.030%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 19 (0.57%) Magento
1 19 (0.57%) Payment Gateway
2 8 (0.24%) LabWindows
2 8 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.15%) SunGard GMI
4 4 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
5 3 (0.090%) BondVision
5 3 (0.090%) OpenText Process Suite
5 3 (0.090%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.060%) Maximo
6 2 (0.060%) MetaTrader
6 2 (0.060%) RMDS
6 2 (0.060%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.060%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.060%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.030%) Exstream
7 1 (0.030%) HFM
7 1 (0.030%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 501 (15.11%) Amazon AWS
2 256 (7.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 126 (3.80%) GitHub
4 65 (1.96%) Amazon EC2
4 65 (1.96%) Slack
5 54 (1.63%) Serverless
6 49 (1.48%) PaaS
7 42 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
8 36 (1.09%) SaaS
9 35 (1.06%) Google Cloud Platform
10 28 (0.84%) IaaS
11 25 (0.75%) Amazon S3
11 25 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
12 24 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
12 24 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
13 20 (0.60%) npm
13 20 (0.60%) OpenShift
14 17 (0.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 13 (0.39%) Heroku
16 9 (0.27%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 135 (4.07%) HTTP
2 119 (3.59%) TCP/IP
3 59 (1.78%) SSL
4 48 (1.45%) Wireless
5 47 (1.42%) Internet
6 37 (1.12%) Wi-Fi
7 36 (1.09%) Bluetooth
8 28 (0.84%) Wireshark
9 26 (0.78%) DNS
10 22 (0.66%) Network Security
10 22 (0.66%) SMS
11 21 (0.63%) Firewall
12 20 (0.60%) ZigBee
13 18 (0.54%) LDAP
14 17 (0.51%) LTE
15 14 (0.42%) Ethernet
16 13 (0.39%) VLAN
17 12 (0.36%) GSM
18 11 (0.33%) VoIP
19 10 (0.30%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 387 (11.67%) MongoDB
2 377 (11.37%) NoSQL
3 261 (7.87%) SQL Server
4 197 (5.94%) MySQL
5 175 (5.28%) Relational Database
6 174 (5.25%) Big Data
7 159 (4.80%) PostgreSQL
8 158 (4.77%) Hadoop
9 131 (3.95%) Apache Cassandra
10 60 (1.81%) Redis
11 59 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
12 56 (1.69%) RDBMS
13 49 (1.48%) Apache Hive
14 47 (1.42%) Oracle Database
15 37 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 37 (1.12%) HBase
16 35 (1.06%) RavenDB
17 32 (0.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 24 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 21 (0.63%) GIS
Development Applications
1 579 (17.47%) Git (software)
2 416 (12.55%) Jenkins
3 251 (7.57%) JIRA
4 190 (5.73%) Cucumber
5 165 (4.98%) Maven
6 147 (4.43%) JUnit
7 131 (3.95%) Subversion
8 127 (3.83%) Visual Studio
9 110 (3.32%) Selenium
10 107 (3.23%) TeamCity
11 93 (2.81%) Mockito
12 86 (2.59%) Octopus Deploy
13 85 (2.56%) Eclipse
14 78 (2.35%) Gradle
15 77 (2.32%) Grunt
16 76 (2.29%) Rational DOORS
17 74 (2.23%) IntelliJ
18 65 (1.96%) gulp
19 63 (1.90%) GitLab
20 62 (1.87%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 473 (14.27%) Finance
2 282 (8.51%) Banking
3 109 (3.29%) Front Office
4 104 (3.14%) Investment Banking
5 80 (2.41%) Electronics
6 76 (2.29%) Games
7 68 (2.05%) Automotive
7 68 (2.05%) Retail
8 67 (2.02%) Telecoms
9 55 (1.66%) Marketing
10 48 (1.45%) Publishing
11 47 (1.42%) Aerospace
12 39 (1.18%) Manufacturing
13 27 (0.81%) Advertising
14 25 (0.75%) Back Office
14 25 (0.75%) Law
14 25 (0.75%) Military
15 22 (0.66%) Avionics
16 18 (0.54%) Retail Banking
17 13 (0.39%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1521 (45.88%) Developer
2 1084 (32.70%) Software Engineer
3 475 (14.33%) Java Developer
4 231 (6.97%) Java Engineer
5 206 (6.21%) C# Developer
6 199 (6.00%) .NET Developer
7 195 (5.88%) Java Software Engineer
8 187 (5.64%) Senior Developer
9 178 (5.37%) Senior Software Engineer
10 168 (5.07%) DevOps Engineer
11 166 (5.01%) Embedded Engineer
12 158 (4.77%) Embedded Software Engineer
13 151 (4.56%) Agile Developer
14 150 (4.52%) JavaScript Developer
15 147 (4.43%) C++ Software Engineer
16 137 (4.13%) Architect
16 137 (4.13%) Software Developer
17 136 (4.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 116 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
19 113 (3.41%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 519 (15.66%) .NET
2 490 (14.78%) HTML
3 452 (13.63%) Web Services
4 429 (12.94%) CSS
5 428 (12.91%) Spring
6 424 (12.79%) AngularJS
7 368 (11.10%) Node.js
8 313 (9.44%) RESTful
9 305 (9.20%) REST
10 294 (8.87%) React
11 232 (7.00%) HTML5
12 211 (6.37%) JSON
13 186 (5.61%) ASP.NET
14 171 (5.16%) Hibernate
14 171 (5.16%) XML
15 154 (4.65%) jQuery
16 119 (3.59%) ASP.NET Web API
17 117 (3.53%) Spring Boot
18 110 (3.32%) CSS3
19 108 (3.26%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 240 (7.24%) Computer Science
2 200 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
3 196 (5.91%) User Experience
4 139 (4.19%) Greenfield Project
5 137 (4.13%) Algorithms
6 111 (3.35%) Mobile App
7 81 (2.44%) Data Structures
8 75 (2.26%) Enterprise Software
9 66 (1.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 62 (1.87%) Fintech
11 55 (1.66%) Fixed Income
12 53 (1.60%) Derivative
13 49 (1.48%) Embedded Systems
14 42 (1.27%) Virtual Team
15 38 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
16 37 (1.12%) Management Information System
17 35 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
18 32 (0.97%) Cloud Native
19 27 (0.81%) iPhone
20 25 (0.75%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 734 (22.14%) Linux
2 299 (9.02%) Windows
3 234 (7.06%) Unix
4 131 (3.95%) Apple iOS
5 128 (3.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 124 (3.74%) Android
7 49 (1.48%) Embedded Linux
8 46 (1.39%) Windows Server
9 33 (1.00%) CentOS
10 22 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
11 19 (0.57%) Ubuntu
11 19 (0.57%) VxWorks
12 18 (0.54%) Windows 7
13 16 (0.48%) Mac OS X
14 12 (0.36%) Debian
15 10 (0.30%) AIX
15 10 (0.30%) CoreOS
15 10 (0.30%) Solaris
15 10 (0.30%) Windows 10
15 10 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1724 (52.01%) Agile Software Development
2 943 (28.45%) TDD
3 763 (23.02%) Scrum
4 678 (20.45%) Continuous Integration
5 581 (17.53%) Test Automation
6 500 (15.08%) BDD
7 445 (13.42%) Microservices
8 422 (12.73%) DevOps
8 422 (12.73%) OO
9 344 (10.38%) MVC
10 314 (9.47%) SDLC
11 293 (8.84%) Kanban
12 285 (8.60%) Unit Testing
13 278 (8.39%) Open Source
14 270 (8.14%) Pair Programming
15 259 (7.81%) Configuration Management
16 232 (7.00%) Web Development
17 224 (6.76%) Mentoring
18 217 (6.55%) Continuous Delivery
19 209 (6.30%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 1292 (38.97%) Java
2 830 (25.04%) JavaScript
3 664 (20.03%) SQL
4 631 (19.03%) C#
5 521 (15.72%) Python
6 515 (15.54%) C++
7 379 (11.43%) C
8 251 (7.57%) Scala
9 133 (4.01%) Ruby
10 122 (3.68%) Embedded C
11 109 (3.29%) Groovy
12 98 (2.96%) Bash Shell
13 97 (2.93%) PHP
14 71 (2.14%) ES6
15 70 (2.11%) Perl
16 69 (2.08%) Go
16 69 (2.08%) Shell Script
17 65 (1.96%) Objective-C
17 65 (1.96%) PowerShell
18 57 (1.72%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 345 (10.41%) Degree
2 247 (7.45%) Security Cleared
3 168 (5.07%) SC Cleared
4 118 (3.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
6 31 (0.94%) DV Cleared
7 17 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (0.45%) ISEB
9 14 (0.42%) ISTQB
10 11 (0.33%) PhD
11 8 (0.24%) Master's Degree
12 6 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
13 5 (0.15%) BC Cleared
13 5 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.12%) MCSD
15 3 (0.090%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.090%) PMP
15 3 (0.090%) Postgraduate
16 2 (0.060%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 281 (8.48%) QA
2 49 (1.48%) MISRA
3 27 (0.81%) GDPR
4 22 (0.66%) DO-178B
5 19 (0.57%) PCI DSS
6 18 (0.54%) MISRA C
7 17 (0.51%) Data Quality
8 16 (0.48%) MiFID
9 12 (0.36%) Def Stans
10 11 (0.33%) GPG13
11 10 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
11 10 (0.30%) IEC 62304
12 9 (0.27%) ISO 26262
13 6 (0.18%) GCP
13 6 (0.18%) PMO
13 6 (0.18%) PSD2
14 5 (0.15%) JSP 440
15 4 (0.12%) MIL-STD-1553
15 4 (0.12%) SLA
16 3 (0.090%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 327 (9.86%) Docker
2 48 (1.45%) Active Directory
3 36 (1.09%) Firmware
4 31 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.51%) Xen
6 16 (0.48%) HDFS
7 13 (0.39%) KVM
8 10 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.27%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
10 8 (0.24%) LXC
10 8 (0.24%) vSphere
11 7 (0.21%) Apache Flume
11 7 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (0.21%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.18%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.12%) OpenAM
13 4 (0.12%) OpenIDM
13 4 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.090%) Cygwin
Systems Management
1 189 (5.70%) Puppet
2 182 (5.49%) Ansible
3 128 (3.86%) Opscode Chef
4 93 (2.81%) Kubernetes
5 76 (2.29%) Terraform
6 30 (0.90%) Kibana
7 27 (0.81%) logstash
8 25 (0.75%) Cobbler
9 21 (0.63%) Grafana
9 21 (0.63%) Packer
10 20 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
11 19 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
11 19 (0.57%) Rancher
12 16 (0.48%) Mesos
13 14 (0.42%) Nagios
14 9 (0.27%) Prometheus
15 8 (0.24%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 8 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
15 8 (0.24%) SCCM
16 7 (0.21%) SCOM
Vendors
1 295 (8.90%) Microsoft
2 249 (7.51%) Oracle
3 70 (2.11%) Google
4 67 (2.02%) Red Hat
5 66 (1.99%) New Relic
6 44 (1.33%) IBM
7 43 (1.30%) Adobe
7 43 (1.30%) VMware
8 37 (1.12%) Apple
9 34 (1.03%) Splunk
10 32 (0.97%) Atlassian
11 26 (0.78%) Talend
11 26 (0.78%) Xamarin
12 23 (0.69%) WSO2
13 22 (0.66%) TIBCO
14 21 (0.63%) HP
15 20 (0.60%) Sitecore
16 19 (0.57%) Cloudera
16 19 (0.57%) Coverity
16 19 (0.57%) Perforce