Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
16 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 39 35 50
Rank change year-on-year -4 +15 +6
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 4,734 3,266 2,274
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.41% 5.75% 4.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.05% 6.51% 5.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,314 2,232 1,549
10th Percentile £425 £381 £374
25th Percentile £500 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £595 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +13.33% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £694 £625 £631
90th Percentile £775 £700 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +9.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 211 126 130
10th Percentile £38.40 £33.85 £38.18
25th Percentile £47.50 £40.63 £42.50
Median hourly rate £56.50 £45.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +25.56% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £63.25 £52.50 £51.56
90th Percentile £69.83 £58.73 £55.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +27.78% -5.26% +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,188 50,186 43,031
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.43% 88.34% 86.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,941 34,382 28,647
10th Percentile £350 £311 £290
25th Percentile £431 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £535 £493 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.63% +3.68% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £485 £440 £450
% change year-on-year +10.23% -2.22% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,743 1,469 1,330
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.02 £12.42
25th Percentile £16.25 £15.50 £15.95
Median hourly rate £28.41 £26.00 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.27% +18.18% -2.22%
75th Percentile £51.75 £46.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £65.71 £59.80 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £22.50 £20.03
% change year-on-year -2.22% +12.36% -10.60%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 16 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -7 4,050 £600 +14.29% 2,141
London -13 2,463 £613 +11.36% 914
Work from Home -1 2,362 £550 +4.76% 1,062
UK excluding London -3 1,421 £525 +16.67% 1,379
North of England +5 344 £513 +20.71% 311
South East -8 253 £548 +17.74% 294
South West -7 241 £550 +10.00% 177
North West +7 235 £513 +26.67% 193
East of England +8 199 £525 +31.25% 242
Midlands -10 175 £500 +23.46% 184
Scotland -3 142 £513 +7.89% 118
West Midlands -8 140 £520 +28.40% 101
Yorkshire +1 97 £513 +25.38% 89
Wales -7 67 £548 +9.65% 33
East Midlands -3 35 £500 +28.87% 83
North East -5 18 £530 +9.96% 29
Northern Ireland -12 4 - - 20

For the 6 months to 16 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,409 (50.89%) Agile
2 1,676 (35.40%) Java
3 1,517 (32.04%) AWS
4 1,289 (27.23%) Python
5 1,232 (26.02%) DevOps
6 1,221 (25.79%) JavaScript
7 1,183 (24.99%) Azure
8 1,094 (23.11%) CI/CD
9 1,041 (21.99%) Finance
10 1,035 (21.86%) Microservices
11 992 (20.95%) React
12 961 (20.30%) C#
13 908 (19.18%) SQL
14 810 (17.11%) .NET
15 804 (16.98%) Docker
16 796 (16.81%) Social Skills
17 751 (15.86%) Full Stack Development
18 712 (15.04%) TDD
19 708 (14.96%) Kubernetes
20 693 (14.64%) Git (software)
21 687 (14.51%) Scrum
22 642 (13.56%) Security Cleared
22 642 (13.56%) TypeScript
23 606 (12.80%) Test Automation
24 571 (12.06%) GCP
25 549 (11.60%) Node.js
26 541 (11.43%) Linux
27 538 (11.36%) Analytics
28 532 (11.24%) Front Office
29 523 (11.05%) SC Cleared

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (5.32%) Confluence
2 156 (3.30%) Apache
3 150 (3.17%) Apache Spark
4 92 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
5 60 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
6 45 (0.95%) SAS
7 40 (0.84%) nginx
8 33 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
8 33 (0.70%) CMS
9 27 (0.57%) WebLogic
10 23 (0.49%) Oracle Coherence
10 23 (0.49%) SharePoint
11 22 (0.46%) Tomcat
12 21 (0.44%) WebSphere
13 19 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.32%) Drupal
15 11 (0.23%) Headless CMS
15 11 (0.23%) MS Exchange
16 10 (0.21%) Ethereum
17 9 (0.19%) Sitefinity
Applications
1 37 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.55%) Simulink
3 18 (0.38%) Sketch
4 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
5 13 (0.27%) Adobe XD
6 9 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.13%) InVision
8 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.11%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.084%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.084%) SPSS
10 3 (0.063%) UserZoom
11 2 (0.042%) Maya
11 2 (0.042%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.042%) Stateflow
12 1 (0.021%) 3ds Max
12 1 (0.021%) Blender
12 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 23 (0.49%) assyst
2 11 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
3 8 (0.17%) Shopify
4 6 (0.13%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 5 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.084%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.084%) Oracle Payables
6 4 (0.084%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.084%) SAP EWM
6 4 (0.084%) Teamcenter
7 3 (0.063%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.063%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.063%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.063%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.063%) Siebel CRM
7 3 (0.063%) Summit
8 2 (0.042%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.042%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 2 (0.042%) Oracle Receivables
8 2 (0.042%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,517 (32.04%) AWS
2 1,183 (24.99%) Azure
3 571 (12.06%) GCP
4 432 (9.13%) Serverless
5 288 (6.08%) AWS Lambda
6 187 (3.95%) GitHub
7 127 (2.68%) AWS CloudFormation
8 116 (2.45%) Amazon S3
9 99 (2.09%) SaaS
10 97 (2.05%) OpenShift
11 86 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
12 79 (1.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 77 (1.63%) Power Platform
14 73 (1.54%) Amazon SQS
15 70 (1.48%) PaaS
16 57 (1.20%) Azure Functions
17 56 (1.18%) IaaS
18 54 (1.14%) Amazon ECS
19 50 (1.06%) Amazon Kinesis
20 45 (0.95%) Amazon Cognito
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.61%) HTTP
2 67 (1.42%) TCP/IP
3 58 (1.23%) Ethernet
4 40 (0.84%) Firewall
5 33 (0.70%) MQTT
6 32 (0.68%) DNS
6 32 (0.68%) Network Security
7 28 (0.59%) Internet
8 26 (0.55%) IPv4
8 26 (0.55%) Kerberos
9 22 (0.46%) DHCP
9 22 (0.46%) HTTPS
10 16 (0.34%) Wireless
11 12 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
12 11 (0.23%) ATM
13 10 (0.21%) Bluetooth
13 10 (0.21%) VPN
14 9 (0.19%) FTP
14 9 (0.19%) SSH
14 9 (0.19%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 266 (5.62%) PostgreSQL
2 264 (5.58%) SQL Server
3 254 (5.37%) NoSQL
4 243 (5.13%) MongoDB
5 153 (3.23%) Big Data
6 150 (3.17%) MySQL
7 147 (3.11%) Relational Database
8 143 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 112 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
10 96 (2.03%) Hadoop
11 80 (1.69%) Oracle Database
12 73 (1.54%) Redis
13 63 (1.33%) Apache Hive
14 62 (1.31%) Pentaho
14 62 (1.31%) Power BI
15 51 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
16 49 (1.04%) Amazon Redshift
17 48 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
18 47 (0.99%) RDBMS
19 46 (0.97%) HBase
Development Applications
1 693 (14.64%) Git (software)
2 481 (10.16%) Jenkins
3 423 (8.94%) JIRA
4 221 (4.67%) GitLab
5 207 (4.37%) Maven
6 130 (2.75%) Visual Studio
7 123 (2.60%) Bitbucket
8 97 (2.05%) JUnit
9 96 (2.03%) Gradle
10 89 (1.88%) Artifactory
11 74 (1.56%) Cypress.io
12 71 (1.50%) Eclipse
13 70 (1.48%) Selenium
13 70 (1.48%) TeamCity
14 61 (1.29%) Postman
14 61 (1.29%) SonarQube
15 51 (1.08%) Cucumber
16 50 (1.06%) JMeter
16 50 (1.06%) Subversion
17 49 (1.04%) webpack
General
1 1,041 (21.99%) Finance
2 796 (16.81%) Social Skills
3 532 (11.24%) Front Office
4 310 (6.55%) Banking
5 297 (6.27%) Public Sector
6 267 (5.64%) Analytical Skills
7 108 (2.28%) Retail
8 98 (2.07%) Investment Banking
9 94 (1.99%) Presentation Skills
10 91 (1.92%) Marketing
11 71 (1.50%) Electronics
12 58 (1.23%) Telecoms
13 52 (1.10%) Aerospace
14 49 (1.04%) Manufacturing
15 41 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 41 (0.87%) Legal
16 40 (0.84%) Organisational Skills
16 40 (0.84%) Publishing
17 38 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
18 37 (0.78%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,835 (38.76%) Developer
2 1,702 (35.95%) Software Engineer
3 516 (10.90%) Java Developer
4 429 (9.06%) AWS Engineer
5 406 (8.58%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 395 (8.34%) Java Engineer
7 293 (6.19%) Java Software Engineer
7 293 (6.19%) Senior Software Engineer
8 274 (5.79%) Python Engineer
9 271 (5.72%) Python Developer
10 257 (5.43%) AWS Software Engineer
11 248 (5.24%) .NET Developer
12 246 (5.20%) AWS Developer
13 231 (4.88%) Senior Developer
14 224 (4.73%) Architect
15 201 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
16 196 (4.14%) DevOps Engineer
17 171 (3.61%) Python Software Engineer
18 162 (3.42%) Java Software Developer
19 161 (3.40%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 992 (20.95%) React
2 810 (17.11%) .NET
3 549 (11.60%) Node.js
4 508 (10.73%) Kafka
5 452 (9.55%) Spring
6 388 (8.20%) REST
7 385 (8.13%) Spring Boot
8 367 (7.75%) HTML
9 365 (7.71%) AngularJS
10 317 (6.70%) CSS
11 267 (5.64%) .NET Core
12 219 (4.63%) RESTful
13 195 (4.12%) ASP.NET
14 169 (3.57%) Vue.js
15 158 (3.34%) Web Services
16 157 (3.32%) .NET Framework
17 153 (3.23%) GraphQL
18 143 (3.02%) HTML5
19 137 (2.89%) JSON
20 130 (2.75%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 348 (7.35%) Equities
2 292 (6.17%) Hedge funds
3 274 (5.79%) Derivative
4 264 (5.58%) User Experience
5 228 (4.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 209 (4.41%) Fixed Income
7 207 (4.37%) Greenfield Project
8 186 (3.93%) Cloud Native
9 126 (2.66%) Algorithms
10 106 (2.24%) Mobile App
11 101 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
12 83 (1.75%) Data Structures
13 74 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
14 63 (1.33%) Public Cloud
15 62 (1.31%) iPad
16 54 (1.14%) IoT
17 46 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
18 45 (0.95%) Legacy Systems
19 44 (0.93%) Management Information System
20 43 (0.91%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 541 (11.43%) Linux
2 275 (5.81%) Windows
3 181 (3.82%) Unix
4 101 (2.13%) Android
5 68 (1.44%) Apple iOS
6 20 (0.42%) Windows Server
7 19 (0.40%) Windows 10
8 17 (0.36%) Embedded Linux
9 15 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 12 (0.25%) VxWorks
10 12 (0.25%) Windows XP
11 11 (0.23%) Mac OS X
12 10 (0.21%) Ubuntu
12 10 (0.21%) Windows 7
13 9 (0.19%) Solaris
14 8 (0.17%) VMS
15 5 (0.11%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.084%) Windows Server 2016
17 3 (0.063%) CentOS
17 3 (0.063%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,409 (50.89%) Agile
2 1,232 (26.02%) DevOps
3 1,094 (23.11%) CI/CD
4 1,035 (21.86%) Microservices
5 751 (15.86%) Full Stack Development
6 712 (15.04%) TDD
7 687 (14.51%) Scrum
8 606 (12.80%) Test Automation
9 538 (11.36%) Analytics
10 466 (9.84%) Asset Management
11 436 (9.21%) Investment Management
12 407 (8.60%) Problem-Solving
13 360 (7.60%) Continuous Integration
14 351 (7.41%) OO
15 339 (7.16%) Mentoring
16 314 (6.63%) SDLC
17 295 (6.23%) Computer Science
18 268 (5.66%) BDD
19 252 (5.32%) Front End Development
20 227 (4.80%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,676 (35.40%) Java
2 1,289 (27.23%) Python
3 1,221 (25.79%) JavaScript
4 961 (20.30%) C#
5 908 (19.18%) SQL
6 642 (13.56%) TypeScript
7 442 (9.34%) C++
8 336 (7.10%) Go
9 216 (4.56%) C
10 189 (3.99%) Scala
11 143 (3.02%) PHP
12 123 (2.60%) PL/SQL
13 113 (2.39%) Shell Script
14 106 (2.24%) Ruby
15 96 (2.03%) PowerShell
16 94 (1.99%) Bash
17 92 (1.94%) VB.NET
18 76 (1.61%) Kotlin
19 73 (1.54%) T-SQL
20 72 (1.52%) Perl
Qualifications
1 642 (13.56%) Security Cleared
2 523 (11.05%) SC Cleared
3 369 (7.79%) Degree
4 110 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 93 (1.96%) DV Cleared
6 52 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
7 45 (0.95%) Master's Degree
8 44 (0.93%) PhD
9 26 (0.55%) AWS Certification
10 25 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
11 13 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
12 11 (0.23%) ISTQB
13 10 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
14 9 (0.19%) CISSP
14 9 (0.19%) ISEB
15 7 (0.15%) CCNA
15 7 (0.15%) PMP
16 6 (0.13%) CESG Certified Professional
16 6 (0.13%) CISM
16 6 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 238 (5.03%) QA
2 45 (0.95%) Accessibility
3 27 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 19 (0.40%) NIST
5 16 (0.34%) GDPR
6 15 (0.32%) IEC 61508
7 12 (0.25%) SLA
8 10 (0.21%) MISRA
8 10 (0.21%) MISRA C
9 9 (0.19%) Def Stans
9 9 (0.19%) NCSC
10 8 (0.17%) IEC 62304
10 8 (0.17%) NIST 800
11 7 (0.15%) COBIT
11 7 (0.15%) GRC
12 6 (0.13%) COSO
12 6 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 12207
12 6 (0.13%) JSP 440
12 6 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 804 (16.98%) Docker
2 62 (1.31%) HDFS
3 41 (0.87%) Active Directory
4 16 (0.34%) NFS
4 16 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (0.27%) Firmware
7 10 (0.21%) vSphere
8 9 (0.19%) OpenSSH
9 6 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.11%) Apache Flume
10 5 (0.11%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.11%) iptables
10 5 (0.11%) KVM
10 5 (0.11%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.11%) Xen
11 4 (0.084%) GridGain
12 3 (0.063%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.042%) Microcode
13 2 (0.042%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 708 (14.96%) Kubernetes
2 388 (8.20%) Terraform
3 191 (4.03%) Ansible
4 102 (2.15%) Grafana
5 86 (1.82%) Prometheus
6 64 (1.35%) Puppet
7 57 (1.20%) Consul
8 42 (0.89%) Opscode Chef
9 35 (0.74%) Kibana
10 28 (0.59%) Packer
11 24 (0.51%) logstash
12 19 (0.40%) ITRS Geneos
13 18 (0.38%) Kubeflow
14 14 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
15 10 (0.21%) Istio
15 10 (0.21%) Salt
16 9 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
17 8 (0.17%) Rancher
18 6 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
18 6 (0.13%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 326 (6.89%) Microsoft
2 309 (6.53%) Oracle
3 124 (2.62%) Google
4 77 (1.63%) SAP
5 67 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
6 59 (1.25%) IBM
6 59 (1.25%) Splunk
7 56 (1.18%) Red Hat
8 53 (1.12%) Atlassian
9 50 (1.06%) Cloudera
10 41 (0.87%) Informatica
10 41 (0.87%) MuleSoft
11 31 (0.65%) Databricks
12 30 (0.63%) Pega
13 28 (0.59%) Dynatrace
14 27 (0.57%) Talend
15 25 (0.53%) DevExpress
16 21 (0.44%) Adobe
17 20 (0.42%) BEA
18 19 (0.40%) webMethods