Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 63 69 72
Rank change year-on-year +6 +3 +22
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,832 3,096 3,169
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.74% 3.24% 2.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.34% 3.79% 3.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,432 1,966 1,947
UK median daily rate £490 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.89% - +12.50%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 282 260 299
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £43.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.15% +2.96% +5.63%
10th Percentile £27.64 £32.50 £31.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £53.75 £52.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.75 £42.25
% change year-on-year -0.58% +1.18% +5.63%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,233 81,755 92,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.20% 85.51% 84.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,249 53,551 61,094
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £276 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,389 2,080 2,284
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.58 £23.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.56% +2.95% +9.77%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.43 £11.35
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.16 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.50
% change year-on-year -20.00% +2.04% +12.23%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 3,458 £500 +8.11% 2,628
UK excluding London +12 2,110 £425 +6.25% 1,945
London +9 1,670 £525 +1.45% 882
South East +24 638 £450 +4.65% 518
North of England -4 490 £425 +1.19% 380
South West +9 277 £420 +5.00% 233
Yorkshire +2 241 £425 +6.25% 148
East of England +4 232 £443 +4.12% 356
North West +2 208 £438 +1.45% 194
Scotland -14 160 £450 +24.14% 130
Wales +1 152 £415 +0.61% 33
Midlands -5 150 £400 +11.50% 258
West Midlands +9 98 £405 +1.25% 171
East Midlands -24 52 £350 +0.07% 87
North East -19 44 £425 +21.43% 38
Northern Ireland +30 9 £446 +2.95% 38
Channel Islands -4 4 - -

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,072 (54.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,387 (36.20%) Java
3 995 (25.97%) JavaScript
4 955 (24.92%) TDD
5 800 (20.88%) C#
6 786 (20.51%) Scrum
7 715 (18.66%) SQL
8 698 (18.22%) Linux
9 689 (17.98%) Amazon AWS
10 687 (17.93%) Python
11 655 (17.09%) .NET
12 636 (16.60%) Continuous Integration
13 634 (16.54%) Finance
14 629 (16.41%) C++
15 623 (16.26%) Git (software)
16 599 (15.63%) Test Automation
17 577 (15.06%) DevOps
18 539 (14.07%) Microservices
19 531 (13.86%) BDD
20 517 (13.49%) Docker
21 513 (13.39%) HTML
22 508 (13.26%) AngularJS
23 496 (12.94%) Jenkins
24 461 (12.03%) Spring
25 459 (11.98%) Degree
26 453 (11.82%) CSS
27 447 (11.66%) OO
28 439 (11.46%) Web Services
29 437 (11.40%) Node.js
30 414 (10.80%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (3.71%) Apache
2 140 (3.65%) Confluence
3 133 (3.47%) Apache Spark
4 124 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
5 109 (2.84%) Tomcat
6 86 (2.24%) JBoss
7 59 (1.54%) CMS
8 58 (1.51%) Cloud Foundry
9 45 (1.17%) NServiceBus
9 45 (1.17%) WebSphere
10 42 (1.10%) Jetty
11 37 (0.97%) SharePoint
12 35 (0.91%) IIS
13 33 (0.86%) nginx
14 23 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 22 (0.57%) WebLogic
16 19 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 12 (0.31%) Jupyter
17 12 (0.31%) OpenStack
18 11 (0.29%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 39 (1.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (0.86%) Simulink
3 15 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.34%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.29%) Chatbot
7 10 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 6 (0.16%) Doxygen
9 5 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.026%) GIMP
10 1 (0.026%) Stateflow
10 1 (0.026%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 19 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
1 19 (0.50%) thinkFolio
2 16 (0.42%) Eagle PACE
3 14 (0.37%) Front Arena
4 12 (0.31%) SAP ERP
5 11 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
5 11 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 8 (0.21%) Bloomberg AIM
7 7 (0.18%) Markit EDM
7 7 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.16%) Magento
8 6 (0.16%) Remedy AR System
9 5 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
10 4 (0.10%) Summit
11 3 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
11 3 (0.078%) LabWindows
11 3 (0.078%) LatentZero
11 3 (0.078%) Oracle 11i
11 3 (0.078%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.078%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 689 (17.98%) Amazon AWS
2 349 (9.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 94 (2.45%) GitHub
4 86 (2.24%) Google Cloud Platform
5 84 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
6 83 (2.17%) Serverless
7 65 (1.70%) AWS Lambda
8 56 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
8 56 (1.46%) PaaS
9 51 (1.33%) Slack
10 50 (1.30%) AWS CloudFormation
11 41 (1.07%) Amazon S3
12 38 (0.99%) SaaS
13 37 (0.97%) npm
14 34 (0.89%) OpenShift
15 27 (0.70%) IaaS
16 24 (0.63%) Amazon Kinesis
17 22 (0.57%) Heroku
18 16 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 16 (0.42%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 126 (3.29%) TCP/IP
2 125 (3.26%) HTTP
3 64 (1.67%) SSL
4 57 (1.49%) Internet
5 35 (0.91%) Wireless
6 34 (0.89%) DNS
7 32 (0.84%) SMS
8 31 (0.81%) Ethernet
8 31 (0.81%) Firewall
9 30 (0.78%) Wireshark
10 29 (0.76%) Wi-Fi
11 26 (0.68%) FTP
12 19 (0.50%) AMQP
12 19 (0.50%) SNMP
12 19 (0.50%) VoIP
13 16 (0.42%) Bluetooth
13 16 (0.42%) Broadband
14 15 (0.39%) RS-232
15 13 (0.34%) Network Security
16 12 (0.31%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 360 (9.39%) NoSQL
2 308 (8.04%) SQL Server
3 244 (6.37%) MongoDB
4 216 (5.64%) PostgreSQL
5 215 (5.61%) Relational Database
6 190 (4.96%) Big Data
7 172 (4.49%) MySQL
8 171 (4.46%) Hadoop
9 113 (2.95%) Apache Cassandra
10 88 (2.30%) Data Warehouse
11 78 (2.04%) Apache Hive
12 61 (1.59%) Redis
13 47 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 45 (1.17%) Oracle Database
14 45 (1.17%) RDBMS
15 40 (1.04%) HBase
16 32 (0.84%) Neo4j
17 31 (0.81%) Amazon RDS
18 29 (0.76%) Amazon Redshift
19 27 (0.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 623 (16.26%) Git (software)
2 496 (12.94%) Jenkins
3 274 (7.15%) JIRA
4 191 (4.98%) Selenium
5 182 (4.75%) Visual Studio
6 154 (4.02%) Cucumber
7 153 (3.99%) JUnit
8 149 (3.89%) Maven
9 110 (2.87%) TeamCity
10 107 (2.79%) Subversion
11 93 (2.43%) Gradle
12 84 (2.19%) Eclipse
13 69 (1.80%) Team Foundation Server
14 68 (1.77%) Jasmine
14 68 (1.77%) Rational DOORS
15 66 (1.72%) Octopus Deploy
16 65 (1.70%) Mockito
17 59 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 54 (1.41%) Rational Rhapsody
19 48 (1.25%) Bitbucket
General
1 634 (16.54%) Finance
2 241 (6.29%) Banking
3 124 (3.24%) Retail
4 106 (2.77%) Front Office
5 90 (2.35%) Games
6 84 (2.19%) Electronics
7 73 (1.91%) Marketing
8 71 (1.85%) Manufacturing
9 69 (1.80%) Investment Banking
10 65 (1.70%) Law
11 62 (1.62%) Telecoms
12 60 (1.57%) Automotive
13 45 (1.17%) Aerospace
14 31 (0.81%) Military
15 29 (0.76%) Back Office
16 27 (0.70%) Legal
17 25 (0.65%) Financial Institution
18 19 (0.50%) Avionics
19 14 (0.37%) Publishing
20 11 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,649 (43.03%) Developer
2 1,376 (35.91%) Software Engineer
3 484 (12.63%) Java Developer
4 305 (7.96%) Java Engineer
5 272 (7.10%) Java Software Engineer
6 267 (6.97%) Senior Software Engineer
7 215 (5.61%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 214 (5.58%) C# Developer
9 201 (5.25%) .NET Developer
10 191 (4.98%) Senior Developer
11 187 (4.88%) Software Developer
12 180 (4.70%) C++ Software Engineer
13 172 (4.49%) Architect
14 163 (4.25%) Embedded Engineer
15 153 (3.99%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 136 (3.55%) JavaScript Developer
17 115 (3.00%) DevOps Engineer
18 105 (2.74%) AWS Engineer
18 105 (2.74%) C# .NET Developer
18 105 (2.74%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 655 (17.09%) .NET
2 513 (13.39%) HTML
3 508 (13.26%) AngularJS
4 461 (12.03%) Spring
5 453 (11.82%) CSS
6 439 (11.46%) Web Services
7 437 (11.40%) Node.js
8 384 (10.02%) REST
9 374 (9.76%) React
10 267 (6.97%) RESTful
11 247 (6.45%) ASP.NET
12 220 (5.74%) XML
13 209 (5.45%) Kafka
14 201 (5.25%) HTML5
15 199 (5.19%) Spring Boot
16 180 (4.70%) Hibernate
17 153 (3.99%) jQuery
18 142 (3.71%) JSON
19 140 (3.65%) SOAP
20 132 (3.44%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 321 (8.38%) Computer Science
2 243 (6.34%) User Experience
3 182 (4.75%) Analytical Skills
4 171 (4.46%) Greenfield Project
5 125 (3.26%) Algorithms
6 109 (2.84%) Fintech
6 109 (2.84%) Self-Motivation
7 98 (2.56%) Mobile App
8 95 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
9 78 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 64 (1.67%) Fixed Income
11 59 (1.54%) Data Structures
12 56 (1.46%) Derivative
13 51 (1.33%) Embedded Systems
14 50 (1.30%) Management Information System
15 44 (1.15%) Equities
16 40 (1.04%) Public Cloud
17 38 (0.99%) Virtual Team
18 37 (0.97%) Hedge funds
19 34 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 698 (18.22%) Linux
2 282 (7.36%) Windows
3 206 (5.38%) Unix
4 108 (2.82%) Android
5 97 (2.53%) Apple iOS
6 51 (1.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 38 (0.99%) Windows Server
8 37 (0.97%) Embedded Linux
9 25 (0.65%) CentOS
10 23 (0.60%) VxWorks
11 21 (0.55%) Ubuntu
12 16 (0.42%) FreeRTOS
13 12 (0.31%) Nucleus RTOS
14 10 (0.26%) SafeRTOS
15 9 (0.23%) Windows 7
16 8 (0.21%) CoreOS
16 8 (0.21%) Windows 10
17 6 (0.16%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
18 5 (0.13%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,072 (54.07%) Agile Software Development
2 955 (24.92%) TDD
3 786 (20.51%) Scrum
4 636 (16.60%) Continuous Integration
5 599 (15.63%) Test Automation
6 577 (15.06%) DevOps
7 539 (14.07%) Microservices
8 531 (13.86%) BDD
9 447 (11.66%) OO
10 343 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
11 317 (8.27%) Unit Testing
12 315 (8.22%) SDLC
13 310 (8.09%) Kanban
14 301 (7.85%) MVC
15 256 (6.68%) Continuous Delivery
16 252 (6.58%) Open Source
17 237 (6.18%) Multithreading
18 234 (6.11%) Mentoring
19 230 (6.00%) Pair Programming
20 228 (5.95%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,387 (36.20%) Java
2 995 (25.97%) JavaScript
3 800 (20.88%) C#
4 715 (18.66%) SQL
5 687 (17.93%) Python
6 629 (16.41%) C++
7 414 (10.80%) C
8 276 (7.20%) Java 8
9 230 (6.00%) Scala
10 164 (4.28%) Ruby
11 139 (3.63%) PHP
12 127 (3.31%) TypeScript
13 123 (3.21%) Go
14 122 (3.18%) Embedded C
15 112 (2.92%) Bash Shell
15 112 (2.92%) Groovy
16 107 (2.79%) PowerShell
17 97 (2.53%) Perl
18 87 (2.27%) ES6
19 83 (2.17%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 459 (11.98%) Degree
2 373 (9.73%) Security Cleared
3 277 (7.23%) SC Cleared
4 127 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 37 (0.97%) Master's Degree
6 33 (0.86%) DV Cleared
7 27 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
8 25 (0.65%) PhD
9 23 (0.60%) ISTQB
10 19 (0.50%) CISSP
11 17 (0.44%) ISEB
12 16 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 13 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
13 13 (0.34%) PMI Certification
14 11 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
14 11 (0.29%) PMP
14 11 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
15 10 (0.26%) AWS Certification
15 10 (0.26%) CISM
16 9 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 246 (6.42%) QA
2 38 (0.99%) MISRA
3 33 (0.86%) GDPR
4 28 (0.73%) MISRA C
5 24 (0.63%) GCP
6 17 (0.44%) DO-178B
7 15 (0.39%) Data Quality
8 13 (0.34%) COBIT
9 12 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
10 11 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 10 (0.26%) FINRA
11 10 (0.26%) IEC 62304
12 9 (0.23%) IEC 61508
12 9 (0.23%) SLA
13 8 (0.21%) PCI DSS
13 8 (0.21%) PMO
13 8 (0.21%) WCAG
14 6 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 5 (0.13%) HL7
15 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 517 (13.49%) Docker
2 32 (0.84%) HDFS
3 28 (0.73%) Firmware
4 27 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
5 24 (0.63%) Active Directory
6 12 (0.31%) vSphere
7 11 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.23%) VirtualBox
9 6 (0.16%) Xen
10 5 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.078%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.078%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.052%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.052%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.052%) KVM
12 2 (0.052%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.052%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.052%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.052%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 259 (6.76%) Ansible
2 204 (5.32%) Kubernetes
3 198 (5.17%) Puppet
4 169 (4.41%) Terraform
5 129 (3.37%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (0.86%) Cobbler
6 33 (0.86%) Grafana
7 25 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
8 24 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
9 23 (0.60%) Kibana
10 20 (0.52%) Prometheus
11 19 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
11 19 (0.50%) Mesos
11 19 (0.50%) Packer
12 18 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
13 16 (0.42%) Oozie
13 16 (0.42%) Rancher
14 14 (0.37%) Consul
14 14 (0.37%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 13 (0.34%) Graylog
Vendors
1 252 (6.58%) Microsoft
2 242 (6.32%) Oracle
3 119 (3.11%) Google
4 64 (1.67%) Atlassian
5 54 (1.41%) Red Hat
6 50 (1.30%) IBM
7 43 (1.12%) Zend
8 40 (1.04%) VMware
9 39 (1.02%) Tableau
10 35 (0.91%) SAP
11 34 (0.89%) Adobe
11 34 (0.89%) Splunk
12 32 (0.84%) Cloudera
13 24 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
14 21 (0.55%) Coverity
15 20 (0.52%) Charles River
15 20 (0.52%) Informatica
15 20 (0.52%) TIBCO
16 19 (0.50%) Hortonworks
17 17 (0.44%) Calypso