Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 63 68 68
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 +22
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,601 2,938 3,135
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.61% 3.23% 2.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.22% 3.81% 3.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,262 1,874 1,903
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +9.32%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
90th Percentile £631 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +11.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 290 275 360
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.15% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £30.28 £32.50 £31.94
90th Percentile £51.05 £58.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,425 77,081 88,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.66% 84.76% 84.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,293 50,493 58,499
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,320 2,088 2,246
UK median hourly rate £21.75 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.00% - +17.37%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.47 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% -7.41% +25.29%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 3,293 £490 +8.89% 2,552
UK excluding London +7 1,945 £425 +6.25% 1,919
London +11 1,595 £525 +5.00% 856
South East +27 623 £450 +5.88% 492
North of England +5 544 £425 +6.25% 395
Yorkshire +10 284 £425 +6.25% 160
North West +19 219 £438 +2.94% 205
South West -2 212 £400 - 264
East of England -7 185 £420 -6.67% 312
Wales -1 138 £413 -0.30% 40
Midlands -33 129 £400 +3.23% 233
Scotland -41 105 £425 +21.43% 162
West Midlands +10 90 £400 - 131
North East -24 45 £419 +19.64% 30
East Midlands -52 38 £394 +10.53% 101
Northern Ireland +11 9 £446 +2.95% 21
Channel Islands -4 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,947 (54.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,321 (36.68%) Java
3 959 (26.63%) JavaScript
4 919 (25.52%) TDD
5 758 (21.05%) C#
6 745 (20.69%) Scrum
7 678 (18.83%) SQL
8 660 (18.33%) Linux
9 634 (17.61%) Continuous Integration
10 632 (17.55%) Python
11 623 (17.30%) Git (software)
12 618 (17.16%) Amazon AWS
13 597 (16.58%) .NET
14 587 (16.30%) C++
15 583 (16.19%) Microservices
16 581 (16.13%) Test Automation
17 562 (15.61%) DevOps
18 542 (15.05%) Jenkins
19 530 (14.72%) Docker
20 529 (14.69%) AngularJS
20 529 (14.69%) BDD
20 529 (14.69%) Finance
21 519 (14.41%) HTML
22 464 (12.89%) CSS
23 435 (12.08%) Spring
24 430 (11.94%) Degree
25 429 (11.91%) Web Services
26 423 (11.75%) Node.js
27 396 (11.00%) REST
28 389 (10.80%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (4.33%) Apache
2 132 (3.67%) Confluence
3 126 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
4 112 (3.11%) Apache Spark
5 78 (2.17%) Tomcat
6 74 (2.05%) CMS
7 64 (1.78%) JBoss
8 51 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
9 47 (1.31%) NServiceBus
9 47 (1.31%) WebSphere
10 37 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 35 (0.97%) IIS
12 32 (0.89%) SharePoint
13 25 (0.69%) nginx
14 20 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 19 (0.53%) WebLogic
16 15 (0.42%) Apache Solr
16 15 (0.42%) WebSphere Portal
17 14 (0.39%) Jetty
17 14 (0.39%) Jupyter
Applications
1 29 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (0.78%) Simulink
3 18 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 10 (0.28%) MS Visio
6 9 (0.25%) Chatbot
7 6 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.14%) Doxygen
9 2 (0.056%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.056%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.056%) Stateflow
9 2 (0.056%) UserZoom
10 1 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.028%) GIMP
10 1 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.028%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 18 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
2 17 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.44%) thinkFolio
4 14 (0.39%) Eagle PACE
4 14 (0.39%) Front Arena
5 12 (0.33%) SAP ERP
6 11 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 7 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 7 (0.19%) Markit EDM
8 6 (0.17%) Bloomberg AIM
8 6 (0.17%) Magento
9 5 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.14%) LabWindows
10 4 (0.11%) Summit
11 3 (0.083%) Adobe Campaign
11 3 (0.083%) Oracle 11i
11 3 (0.083%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.083%) Oracle EBS R12
12 2 (0.056%) ENOVIA
12 2 (0.056%) LatentZero
Cloud Services
1 618 (17.16%) Amazon AWS
2 330 (9.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 84 (2.33%) Google Cloud Platform
4 81 (2.25%) GitHub
5 76 (2.11%) Serverless
6 69 (1.92%) Slack
7 68 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
8 65 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
9 55 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
10 52 (1.44%) PaaS
11 43 (1.19%) SaaS
12 42 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
13 36 (1.00%) npm
14 32 (0.89%) Amazon S3
15 27 (0.75%) Heroku
16 25 (0.69%) IaaS
17 24 (0.67%) Amazon Kinesis
18 23 (0.64%) OpenShift
19 19 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
20 17 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 111 (3.08%) HTTP
2 106 (2.94%) TCP/IP
3 51 (1.42%) Internet
4 49 (1.36%) SSL
5 44 (1.22%) SMS
6 36 (1.00%) DNS
7 34 (0.94%) Wireless
8 30 (0.83%) FTP
9 26 (0.72%) Ethernet
9 26 (0.72%) Firewall
10 24 (0.67%) Wi-Fi
11 22 (0.61%) Bluetooth
12 21 (0.58%) Wireshark
13 18 (0.50%) SNMP
14 14 (0.39%) AMQP
14 14 (0.39%) Link 11
14 14 (0.39%) Link 16
15 13 (0.36%) Network Security
15 13 (0.36%) VoIP
16 11 (0.31%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 332 (9.22%) NoSQL
2 244 (6.78%) PostgreSQL
3 240 (6.66%) MongoDB
4 227 (6.30%) SQL Server
5 202 (5.61%) Relational Database
6 191 (5.30%) MySQL
7 178 (4.94%) Big Data
8 115 (3.19%) Hadoop
9 101 (2.80%) Apache Cassandra
10 70 (1.94%) Redis
11 67 (1.86%) Apache Hive
11 67 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
12 53 (1.47%) RDBMS
13 51 (1.42%) Oracle Database
14 47 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 41 (1.14%) GIS
16 36 (1.00%) HBase
17 30 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
18 26 (0.72%) RavenDB
19 25 (0.69%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 623 (17.30%) Git (software)
2 542 (15.05%) Jenkins
3 265 (7.36%) JIRA
4 187 (5.19%) Selenium
5 180 (5.00%) JUnit
6 168 (4.67%) Maven
7 159 (4.42%) Visual Studio
8 158 (4.39%) Cucumber
9 117 (3.25%) Gradle
9 117 (3.25%) TeamCity
10 102 (2.83%) Subversion
11 97 (2.69%) Team Foundation Server
12 87 (2.42%) Jasmine
13 79 (2.19%) Eclipse
13 79 (2.19%) Mockito
14 72 (2.00%) Octopus Deploy
15 55 (1.53%) SonarQube
16 52 (1.44%) Rational DOORS
17 51 (1.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 49 (1.36%) JMeter
General
1 529 (14.69%) Finance
2 220 (6.11%) Banking
3 122 (3.39%) Retail
4 96 (2.67%) Front Office
5 92 (2.55%) Electronics
6 81 (2.25%) Games
7 80 (2.22%) Marketing
8 69 (1.92%) Telecoms
9 67 (1.86%) Manufacturing
10 64 (1.78%) Automotive
11 60 (1.67%) Law
12 47 (1.31%) Investment Banking
13 35 (0.97%) Military
14 33 (0.92%) Aerospace
15 27 (0.75%) Legal
16 26 (0.72%) Back Office
17 24 (0.67%) Financial Institution
18 19 (0.53%) Publishing
19 11 (0.31%) Advertising
20 10 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,545 (42.90%) Developer
2 1,287 (35.74%) Software Engineer
3 462 (12.83%) Java Developer
4 292 (8.11%) Java Engineer
5 261 (7.25%) Java Software Engineer
6 244 (6.78%) Senior Software Engineer
7 199 (5.53%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 186 (5.17%) C# Developer
9 183 (5.08%) .NET Developer
10 179 (4.97%) Senior Developer
11 175 (4.86%) Software Developer
12 163 (4.53%) C++ Software Engineer
13 161 (4.47%) Embedded Engineer
14 156 (4.33%) JavaScript Developer
15 148 (4.11%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 143 (3.97%) Architect
17 128 (3.55%) DevOps Engineer
18 127 (3.53%) AWS Engineer
19 120 (3.33%) Agile Developer
20 99 (2.75%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 597 (16.58%) .NET
2 529 (14.69%) AngularJS
3 519 (14.41%) HTML
4 464 (12.89%) CSS
5 435 (12.08%) Spring
6 429 (11.91%) Web Services
7 423 (11.75%) Node.js
8 396 (11.00%) REST
9 375 (10.41%) React
10 283 (7.86%) RESTful
11 235 (6.53%) XML
12 212 (5.89%) HTML5
13 210 (5.83%) Spring Boot
14 203 (5.64%) ASP.NET
15 176 (4.89%) Kafka
16 164 (4.55%) JSON
17 154 (4.28%) Hibernate
18 152 (4.22%) jQuery
19 142 (3.94%) J2EE
20 139 (3.86%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 271 (7.53%) Computer Science
2 231 (6.41%) User Experience
3 180 (5.00%) Analytical Skills
4 157 (4.36%) Greenfield Project
5 123 (3.42%) Algorithms
6 94 (2.61%) Mobile App
7 77 (2.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 76 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
9 71 (1.97%) Fintech
10 70 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
11 53 (1.47%) Data Structures
12 51 (1.42%) Derivative
13 50 (1.39%) Fixed Income
14 43 (1.19%) Virtual Team
15 40 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
16 37 (1.03%) Embedded Systems
17 36 (1.00%) Management Information System
18 35 (0.97%) Public Cloud
19 32 (0.89%) Equities
20 31 (0.86%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 660 (18.33%) Linux
2 268 (7.44%) Windows
3 202 (5.61%) Unix
4 110 (3.05%) Android
5 92 (2.55%) Apple iOS
6 68 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 41 (1.14%) Windows Server
8 29 (0.81%) Embedded Linux
9 28 (0.78%) VxWorks
10 20 (0.56%) CentOS
11 18 (0.50%) Ubuntu
12 15 (0.42%) Windows 7
13 13 (0.36%) Nucleus RTOS
13 13 (0.36%) Windows 10
14 12 (0.33%) CoreOS
14 12 (0.33%) FreeRTOS
14 12 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.28%) Debian
16 8 (0.22%) Mac OS X
17 7 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,947 (54.07%) Agile Software Development
2 919 (25.52%) TDD
3 745 (20.69%) Scrum
4 634 (17.61%) Continuous Integration
5 583 (16.19%) Microservices
6 581 (16.13%) Test Automation
7 562 (15.61%) DevOps
8 529 (14.69%) BDD
9 380 (10.55%) OO
10 314 (8.72%) Kanban
11 306 (8.50%) Problem-Solving
12 298 (8.28%) SDLC
13 297 (8.25%) Continuous Delivery
14 281 (7.80%) Unit Testing
15 278 (7.72%) MVC
16 270 (7.50%) Open Source
17 252 (7.00%) Mentoring
18 217 (6.03%) E-Commerce
19 211 (5.86%) Pair Programming
20 201 (5.58%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,321 (36.68%) Java
2 959 (26.63%) JavaScript
3 758 (21.05%) C#
4 678 (18.83%) SQL
5 632 (17.55%) Python
6 587 (16.30%) C++
7 389 (10.80%) C
8 274 (7.61%) Java 8
9 223 (6.19%) Scala
10 166 (4.61%) Ruby
11 129 (3.58%) TypeScript
12 124 (3.44%) PHP
13 121 (3.36%) Go
14 110 (3.05%) Groovy
15 97 (2.69%) Embedded C
16 92 (2.55%) Bash Shell
17 83 (2.30%) PowerShell
18 81 (2.25%) Embedded C++
19 74 (2.05%) ES6
20 73 (2.03%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 430 (11.94%) Degree
2 365 (10.14%) Security Cleared
3 266 (7.39%) SC Cleared
4 117 (3.25%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (1.42%) DV Cleared
6 31 (0.86%) ISTQB
6 31 (0.86%) Master's Degree
7 29 (0.81%) PhD
8 23 (0.64%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 20 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
10 15 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
11 14 (0.39%) ISEB
11 14 (0.39%) PMI Certification
12 12 (0.33%) PMP
13 11 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
13 11 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (0.25%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.25%) CISSP
15 6 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
16 5 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 247 (6.86%) QA
2 29 (0.81%) GCP
3 23 (0.64%) MISRA
4 18 (0.50%) GDPR
4 18 (0.50%) IEC 62304
5 15 (0.42%) DO-178B
5 15 (0.42%) MISRA C
6 13 (0.36%) COBIT
7 11 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.28%) IEC 61508
9 9 (0.25%) PCI DSS
9 9 (0.25%) WCAG
10 7 (0.19%) Data Quality
10 7 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.17%) ISO 13485
11 6 (0.17%) SLA
12 5 (0.14%) HL7
12 5 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.14%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 530 (14.72%) Docker
2 37 (1.03%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.83%) HDFS
4 27 (0.75%) Firmware
4 27 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 18 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.25%) vSphere
7 8 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
7 8 (0.22%) VirtualBox
8 6 (0.17%) Xen
9 5 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (0.14%) XenApp
10 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.083%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.083%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.056%) GeoWebCache
12 2 (0.056%) Microsoft App-V
13 1 (0.028%) Postfix
13 1 (0.028%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 202 (5.61%) Ansible
2 185 (5.14%) Puppet
3 182 (5.05%) Kubernetes
4 175 (4.86%) Terraform
5 105 (2.92%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (1.08%) Grafana
7 38 (1.06%) Docker Swarm
8 31 (0.86%) Packer
9 27 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
10 22 (0.61%) Kibana
10 22 (0.61%) Mesos
11 20 (0.56%) Rancher
12 19 (0.53%) Graylog
13 18 (0.50%) Consul
14 17 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
15 15 (0.42%) Prometheus
16 14 (0.39%) logstash
17 12 (0.33%) Nessus
17 12 (0.33%) Oozie
17 12 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 257 (7.14%) Microsoft
2 197 (5.47%) Oracle
3 114 (3.17%) Google
4 58 (1.61%) Adobe
5 54 (1.50%) Red Hat
6 53 (1.47%) Splunk
7 52 (1.44%) Atlassian
8 39 (1.08%) VMware
9 37 (1.03%) IBM
10 32 (0.89%) SAP
11 31 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
12 28 (0.78%) Coverity
12 28 (0.78%) Zend
13 24 (0.67%) HP
14 22 (0.61%) MuleSoft
15 21 (0.58%) Tableau
16 19 (0.53%) AppDynamics
16 19 (0.53%) Sitecore
17 18 (0.50%) Cisco
18 16 (0.44%) TIBCO