Period
to 19 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 58 65 69
Rank change year-on-year +7 +4 0
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,792 3,483 2,992
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.97% 3.44% 3.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.56% 3.99% 3.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,316 2,238 1,853
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +10.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £632 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 264 273 292
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - -
10th Percentile £35.08 £32.50 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,114 87,268 78,865
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.91% 86.31% 85.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,009 57,642 51,891
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £300 £293 £270
90th Percentile £650 £638 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £434 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +3.27% +5.00% +1.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,122 2,238 2,160
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +2.04%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.25 £11.47
90th Percentile £51.68 £50.08 £51.28
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.13 £21.24 £25.00
% change year-on-year +8.87% -15.04% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 3,465 £500 - 2,441
UK excluding London +9 2,084 £438 +2.94% 1,932
London +8 1,663 £550 +4.76% 738
South East +7 584 £450 - 445
North of England -1 497 £450 +5.88% 403
South West +16 301 £450 +12.50% 261
Yorkshire -12 227 £450 +5.88% 152
East of England +15 216 £410 +2.50% 399
North West +2 199 £440 +0.57% 209
Midlands +32 192 £425 +6.25% 196
Scotland +62 168 £425 +6.25% 150
West Midlands +16 132 £425 +6.25% 122
Wales +2 112 £425 +3.03% 57
North East +15 73 £450 +5.88% 42
East Midlands +37 54 £490 +24.44% 74
Northern Ireland +19 10 £463 +3.93% 22
Channel Islands - 6 £475 -

For the 6 months to 19 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,776 (46.84%) Agile Software Development
2 1,259 (33.20%) Java
3 874 (23.05%) JavaScript
4 786 (20.73%) Python
5 745 (19.65%) C#
6 717 (18.91%) Amazon AWS
7 694 (18.30%) C++
8 685 (18.06%) DevOps
9 675 (17.80%) TDD
10 666 (17.56%) Linux
11 664 (17.51%) SQL
12 634 (16.72%) Finance
13 632 (16.67%) .NET
14 605 (15.95%) Scrum
15 586 (15.45%) Git (software)
16 567 (14.95%) Docker
17 563 (14.85%) Microservices
18 499 (13.16%) Continuous Integration
19 493 (13.00%) HTML
20 490 (12.92%) C
21 474 (12.50%) Jenkins
22 464 (12.24%) Degree
23 456 (12.03%) Microsoft Azure
24 444 (11.71%) Security Cleared
25 442 (11.66%) Web Services
26 434 (11.45%) Problem-Solving
27 431 (11.37%) Test Automation
28 423 (11.16%) CSS
29 420 (11.08%) Node.js
30 407 (10.73%) BDD

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 172 (4.54%) Apache Spark
2 156 (4.11%) Confluence
3 139 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
4 87 (2.29%) Apache
5 61 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
6 56 (1.48%) Tomcat
7 55 (1.45%) JBoss
8 39 (1.03%) IIS
9 35 (0.92%) SharePoint
10 33 (0.87%) CMS
11 30 (0.79%) nginx
11 30 (0.79%) WebLogic
12 29 (0.76%) Jetty
13 19 (0.50%) SAS
14 18 (0.47%) Jupyter
14 18 (0.47%) WebSphere
15 17 (0.45%) Apache Qpid
16 15 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 13 (0.34%) Apache Solr
18 11 (0.29%) OpenStack
Applications
1 64 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.79%) Simulink
4 20 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.26%) MS Visio
7 9 (0.24%) InVision
7 9 (0.24%) SPSS
7 9 (0.24%) Stata
8 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.053%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.053%) Stateflow
11 1 (0.026%) CATIA
11 1 (0.026%) iWork
11 1 (0.026%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.026%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.026%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 16 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
3 12 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
4 10 (0.26%) NetSuite
5 8 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
6 7 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 6 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.16%) R3 Corda
8 4 (0.11%) Markit EDM
8 4 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.11%) SAP ERP
9 3 (0.079%) Magento
10 2 (0.053%) Decalog
10 2 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
10 2 (0.053%) Endur
10 2 (0.053%) Payment Gateway
10 2 (0.053%) Primavera
10 2 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
11 1 (0.026%) HFM
11 1 (0.026%) LabWindows
Cloud Services
1 717 (18.91%) Amazon AWS
2 456 (12.03%) Microsoft Azure
3 211 (5.56%) Serverless
4 168 (4.43%) Google Cloud Platform
5 166 (4.38%) AWS Lambda
6 133 (3.51%) Amazon S3
7 130 (3.43%) Amazon EC2
8 119 (3.14%) AWS CloudFormation
9 112 (2.95%) Amazon SQS
10 70 (1.85%) GitHub
10 70 (1.85%) OpenShift
11 63 (1.66%) PaaS
12 54 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
13 46 (1.21%) SaaS
14 43 (1.13%) IaaS
15 41 (1.08%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 39 (1.03%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 29 (0.76%) Slack
18 24 (0.63%) Azure Functions
19 21 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 84 (2.22%) TCP/IP
2 73 (1.93%) HTTP
3 47 (1.24%) Ethernet
4 37 (0.98%) Internet
5 34 (0.90%) Firewall
6 32 (0.84%) DNS
7 24 (0.63%) SSL
8 22 (0.58%) Wireless
9 19 (0.50%) 5G
9 19 (0.50%) VPN
10 15 (0.40%) VoIP
11 14 (0.37%) Bluetooth
12 13 (0.34%) FTP
13 12 (0.32%) LTE
13 12 (0.32%) SNMP
13 12 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
14 11 (0.29%) SAN
15 10 (0.26%) Network Security
16 8 (0.21%) 4G
16 8 (0.21%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 306 (8.07%) SQL Server
2 293 (7.73%) Big Data
3 276 (7.28%) NoSQL
4 211 (5.56%) MongoDB
5 195 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
6 194 (5.12%) Hadoop
7 168 (4.43%) Relational Database
8 151 (3.98%) MySQL
9 110 (2.90%) Amazon RDS
10 94 (2.48%) Apache Cassandra
11 83 (2.19%) Amazon Redshift
12 82 (2.16%) Data Warehouse
13 78 (2.06%) Apache Hive
14 76 (2.00%) RDBMS
14 76 (2.00%) Redis
15 54 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 43 (1.13%) SQL Server 2014
17 42 (1.11%) GIS
18 38 (1.00%) HBase
18 38 (1.00%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 586 (15.45%) Git (software)
2 474 (12.50%) Jenkins
3 292 (7.70%) JIRA
4 180 (4.75%) Visual Studio
5 144 (3.80%) Selenium
6 127 (3.35%) Maven
7 117 (3.09%) Artifactory
8 116 (3.06%) GitLab
9 113 (2.98%) Subversion
10 76 (2.00%) Rational DOORS
11 75 (1.98%) Team Foundation Server
12 73 (1.93%) Cucumber
13 69 (1.82%) SonarQube
14 67 (1.77%) JUnit
15 61 (1.61%) Eclipse
16 60 (1.58%) Rational Rhapsody
17 59 (1.56%) Bitbucket
18 57 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
19 56 (1.48%) Gradle
20 51 (1.34%) TeamCity
General
1 634 (16.72%) Finance
2 231 (6.09%) Banking
3 128 (3.38%) Front Office
4 109 (2.87%) Retail
5 108 (2.85%) Marketing
6 76 (2.00%) Telecoms
7 72 (1.90%) Aerospace
7 72 (1.90%) Electronics
8 70 (1.85%) Manufacturing
9 57 (1.50%) Law
10 48 (1.27%) Automotive
11 46 (1.21%) Military
12 43 (1.13%) Investment Banking
13 32 (0.84%) Games
14 31 (0.82%) Legal
14 31 (0.82%) Publishing
15 18 (0.47%) Back Office
16 17 (0.45%) Financial Institution
17 13 (0.34%) Advertising
18 11 (0.29%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 1,492 (39.35%) Developer
2 1,273 (33.57%) Software Engineer
3 376 (9.92%) Java Developer
4 254 (6.70%) Senior Developer
5 223 (5.88%) Java Engineer
6 212 (5.59%) Embedded Engineer
7 208 (5.49%) Architect
8 206 (5.43%) Senior Software Engineer
9 202 (5.33%) C# Developer
10 200 (5.27%) .NET Developer
11 196 (5.17%) Embedded Software Engineer
12 175 (4.61%) Java Software Engineer
13 162 (4.27%) Software Developer
14 149 (3.93%) DevOps Engineer
15 144 (3.80%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 143 (3.77%) C++ Software Engineer
17 136 (3.59%) AWS Developer
18 135 (3.56%) Python Developer
19 128 (3.38%) JavaScript Developer
20 116 (3.06%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 632 (16.67%) .NET
2 493 (13.00%) HTML
3 442 (11.66%) Web Services
4 423 (11.16%) CSS
5 420 (11.08%) Node.js
6 406 (10.71%) AngularJS
7 365 (9.63%) Spring
8 355 (9.36%) React
9 331 (8.73%) REST
10 259 (6.83%) RESTful
11 232 (6.12%) Kafka
12 223 (5.88%) HTML5
13 190 (5.01%) JSON
14 186 (4.91%) ASP.NET
15 180 (4.75%) Spring Boot
16 170 (4.48%) XML
17 160 (4.22%) SOAP
18 143 (3.77%) J2EE
19 128 (3.38%) .NET Framework
20 126 (3.32%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 266 (7.01%) Analytical Skills
2 236 (6.22%) User Experience
3 179 (4.72%) Greenfield Project
4 162 (4.27%) Algorithms
5 148 (3.90%) Fintech
6 94 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
7 80 (2.11%) Embedded Systems
8 76 (2.00%) Mobile App
9 74 (1.95%) Fixed Income
10 70 (1.85%) Data Structures
10 70 (1.85%) Virtual Team
11 69 (1.82%) Cloud Native
12 61 (1.61%) Derivative
13 59 (1.56%) Hedge funds
14 49 (1.29%) Management Information System
15 47 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
15 47 (1.24%) Public Cloud
16 41 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 41 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
17 36 (0.95%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 666 (17.56%) Linux
2 304 (8.02%) Windows
3 162 (4.27%) Android
4 142 (3.74%) Unix
5 80 (2.11%) Apple iOS
6 47 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 46 (1.21%) Embedded Linux
8 33 (0.87%) CentOS
8 33 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (0.42%) FreeRTOS
9 16 (0.42%) Ubuntu
10 13 (0.34%) Mac OS
10 13 (0.34%) Solaris
11 8 (0.21%) Fedora
11 8 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.16%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.13%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.13%) VxWorks
13 5 (0.13%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 4 (0.11%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,776 (46.84%) Agile Software Development
2 685 (18.06%) DevOps
3 675 (17.80%) TDD
4 605 (15.95%) Scrum
5 563 (14.85%) Microservices
6 499 (13.16%) Continuous Integration
7 434 (11.45%) Problem-Solving
8 431 (11.37%) Test Automation
9 407 (10.73%) BDD
10 378 (9.97%) OO
11 356 (9.39%) Computer Science
12 291 (7.67%) Unit Testing
13 251 (6.62%) SDLC
14 238 (6.28%) Multithreading
15 225 (5.93%) Kanban
16 223 (5.88%) UML
17 219 (5.78%) Continuous Delivery
18 212 (5.59%) MVC
19 210 (5.54%) Analytics
20 201 (5.30%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 1,259 (33.20%) Java
2 874 (23.05%) JavaScript
3 786 (20.73%) Python
4 745 (19.65%) C#
5 694 (18.30%) C++
6 664 (17.51%) SQL
7 490 (12.92%) C
8 155 (4.09%) Java 8
9 145 (3.82%) Scala
10 137 (3.61%) Ruby
11 135 (3.56%) TypeScript
12 115 (3.03%) PowerShell
13 112 (2.95%) Embedded C
14 109 (2.87%) Go
15 94 (2.48%) Bash Shell
16 90 (2.37%) ES6
17 79 (2.08%) Embedded C++
17 79 (2.08%) PHP
18 66 (1.74%) Kotlin
19 65 (1.71%) Perl
Qualifications
1 464 (12.24%) Degree
2 444 (11.71%) Security Cleared
3 365 (9.63%) SC Cleared
4 141 (3.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (1.34%) PhD
6 47 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
7 45 (1.19%) Master's Degree
8 40 (1.05%) DV Cleared
9 29 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
10 26 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
11 23 (0.61%) AWS Certification
12 20 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
12 20 (0.53%) MCSA
12 20 (0.53%) MCSE
13 19 (0.50%) CCNA
13 19 (0.50%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 15 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
15 10 (0.26%) DBS Check
15 10 (0.26%) MCP
15 10 (0.26%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 271 (7.15%) QA
2 26 (0.69%) MISRA
3 22 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 21 (0.55%) JSP 440
5 19 (0.50%) HMG Infosec
5 19 (0.50%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 19 (0.50%) MISRA C
6 18 (0.47%) DO-178B
7 17 (0.45%) PCI DSS
8 16 (0.42%) WCAG
9 13 (0.34%) GDPR
10 10 (0.26%) SLA
11 8 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
11 8 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 7 (0.18%) IEC 61508
13 4 (0.11%) Solvency II
14 3 (0.079%) DO-254
14 3 (0.079%) FINRA
14 3 (0.079%) PMO
14 3 (0.079%) PSD2
System Software
1 567 (14.95%) Docker
2 38 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 36 (0.95%) Firmware
4 32 (0.84%) Active Directory
5 18 (0.47%) HDFS
6 17 (0.45%) Apache Flume
7 15 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 8 (0.21%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.16%) vSphere
10 6 (0.16%) XenApp
11 5 (0.13%) KVM
11 5 (0.13%) LXC
12 4 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.11%) Xen
13 3 (0.079%) VirtualBox
14 1 (0.026%) IAG
14 1 (0.026%) Varnish
14 1 (0.026%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 393 (10.36%) Kubernetes
2 252 (6.65%) Ansible
3 250 (6.59%) Terraform
4 158 (4.17%) Puppet
5 136 (3.59%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (0.84%) Grafana
7 25 (0.66%) PowerCLI
8 20 (0.53%) Packer
9 19 (0.50%) Cobbler
9 19 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
9 19 (0.50%) Prometheus
9 19 (0.50%) vCenter Server
10 18 (0.47%) Consul
10 18 (0.47%) Nessus
10 18 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
11 17 (0.45%) Rancher
12 16 (0.42%) Kibana
12 16 (0.42%) Mesos
13 15 (0.40%) Nagios
14 11 (0.29%) SCOM
Vendors
1 326 (8.60%) Microsoft
2 240 (6.33%) Oracle
3 146 (3.85%) Google
4 87 (2.29%) Atlassian
5 56 (1.48%) VMware
6 51 (1.34%) IBM
7 40 (1.05%) Hortonworks
7 40 (1.05%) SAP
8 37 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
9 33 (0.87%) Citrix
10 32 (0.84%) Cloudera
11 30 (0.79%) Cisco
11 30 (0.79%) Tableau
12 29 (0.76%) Adobe
12 29 (0.76%) hybris
13 26 (0.69%) Red Hat
14 25 (0.66%) EMC
15 24 (0.63%) NetApp
16 23 (0.61%) TOWER Software
17 21 (0.55%) MuleSoft