Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 59 70 77
Rank change year-on-year +11 +7 +14
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 4,085 3,240 3,159
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.99% 3.26% 2.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.63% 3.80% 3.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,547 2,099 2,012
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +6.01% +1.07% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 294 257 254
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £44.12 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.39% +3.80% +6.25%
10th Percentile £32.50 £32.50 £32.33
90th Percentile £51.00 £53.75 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.14% +3.53% +6.25%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,236 85,185 90,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.22% 85.74% 85.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,207 56,461 59,666
UK median daily rate £451 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.11% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,391 2,040 2,460
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.59%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.12 £25.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year -19.51% +8.70% +4.55%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 3,663 £500 +5.26% 2,829
UK excluding London +11 2,281 £450 +6.01% 2,210
London +9 1,745 £525 +1.69% 885
South East +24 676 £475 +5.56% 501
North of England -1 502 £425 - 501
South West +9 298 £450 +12.50% 306
East of England +14 273 £450 +5.88% 384
Yorkshire +5 231 £425 -1.16% 165
North West -13 212 £438 -2.78% 260
Scotland +7 211 £463 +23.33% 151
Midlands -22 163 £405 +2.53% 253
Wales +6 146 £418 +4.38% 82
West Midlands +3 102 £450 +13.92% 140
North East -2 64 £450 +5.88% 76
East Midlands -11 61 £350 -12.50% 113
Northern Ireland +36 11 £420 -8.30% 34
Channel Islands -4 5 - -

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,174 (53.22%) Agile Software Development
2 1,517 (37.14%) Java
3 1,055 (25.83%) JavaScript
4 1,014 (24.82%) TDD
5 808 (19.78%) C#
6 800 (19.58%) Amazon AWS
7 790 (19.34%) Scrum
8 763 (18.68%) Linux
9 753 (18.43%) Python
10 714 (17.48%) SQL
11 693 (16.96%) .NET
12 683 (16.72%) Finance
13 668 (16.35%) Git (software)
14 632 (15.47%) DevOps
14 632 (15.47%) C++
15 630 (15.42%) Continuous Integration
16 629 (15.40%) Test Automation
17 614 (15.03%) Microservices
18 585 (14.32%) Docker
19 573 (14.03%) BDD
20 569 (13.93%) HTML
21 524 (12.83%) AngularJS
22 522 (12.78%) Web Services
23 515 (12.61%) Node.js
24 505 (12.36%) Spring
25 503 (12.31%) CSS
26 483 (11.82%) Jenkins
27 481 (11.77%) Degree
28 457 (11.19%) OO
29 441 (10.80%) React

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (4.41%) Confluence
2 143 (3.50%) Apache Spark
3 142 (3.48%) Apache
4 141 (3.45%) Tomcat
5 140 (3.43%) Elasticsearch
6 111 (2.72%) JBoss
7 65 (1.59%) Jetty
8 56 (1.37%) CMS
9 46 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
10 39 (0.95%) NServiceBus
11 37 (0.91%) WebSphere
12 34 (0.83%) IIS
13 32 (0.78%) SharePoint
14 28 (0.69%) WebLogic
15 25 (0.61%) nginx
16 23 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 22 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 21 (0.51%) Gunicorn
19 18 (0.44%) Apache Solr
20 12 (0.29%) WordPress
Applications
1 51 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (0.98%) Simulink
3 21 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
5 12 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.29%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.073%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.073%) Stateflow
10 2 (0.049%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.024%) InVision
11 1 (0.024%) SPSS
11 1 (0.024%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 17 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
3 8 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
4 7 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 6 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
5 6 (0.15%) SAP ERP
5 6 (0.15%) thinkFolio
6 3 (0.073%) Bloomberg AIM
6 3 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.073%) Eagle PACE
6 3 (0.073%) LabWindows
6 3 (0.073%) LatentZero
6 3 (0.073%) Primavera
6 3 (0.073%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.049%) Sage 50
7 2 (0.049%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.049%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 800 (19.58%) Amazon AWS
2 348 (8.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 137 (3.35%) Serverless
4 110 (2.69%) AWS Lambda
5 100 (2.45%) Google Cloud Platform
6 94 (2.30%) GitHub
7 84 (2.06%) AWS CloudFormation
8 78 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
9 63 (1.54%) Slack
10 59 (1.44%) PaaS
11 56 (1.37%) SaaS
12 55 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
13 51 (1.25%) Amazon S3
14 40 (0.98%) OpenShift
15 37 (0.91%) Amazon Kinesis
16 36 (0.88%) IaaS
17 33 (0.81%) npm
18 29 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
19 27 (0.66%) Heroku
20 19 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 135 (3.30%) HTTP
2 130 (3.18%) TCP/IP
3 68 (1.66%) SSL
4 60 (1.47%) Internet
5 39 (0.95%) Wireless
6 38 (0.93%) Firewall
7 36 (0.88%) Wi-Fi
8 35 (0.86%) DNS
9 34 (0.83%) Ethernet
10 31 (0.76%) SNMP
11 26 (0.64%) FTP
12 25 (0.61%) VoIP
12 25 (0.61%) Wireshark
13 21 (0.51%) Bluetooth
14 20 (0.49%) AMQP
15 18 (0.44%) Broadband
16 16 (0.39%) SMS
17 14 (0.34%) HTTPS
18 13 (0.32%) Software-Defined Networking
19 12 (0.29%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 380 (9.30%) NoSQL
2 348 (8.52%) SQL Server
3 332 (8.13%) MongoDB
4 253 (6.19%) PostgreSQL
5 239 (5.85%) Hadoop
6 227 (5.56%) Relational Database
7 218 (5.34%) MySQL
8 198 (4.85%) Big Data
9 112 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
10 98 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
11 88 (2.15%) Apache Hive
12 79 (1.93%) Redis
13 72 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 60 (1.47%) RDBMS
15 56 (1.37%) Oracle Database
16 46 (1.13%) Neo4j
17 34 (0.83%) Couchbase
18 30 (0.73%) Amazon Aurora
18 30 (0.73%) HBase
19 29 (0.71%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 668 (16.35%) Git (software)
2 483 (11.82%) Jenkins
3 326 (7.98%) JIRA
4 207 (5.07%) Selenium
5 185 (4.53%) Visual Studio
6 181 (4.43%) Maven
7 152 (3.72%) Cucumber
8 134 (3.28%) JUnit
9 112 (2.74%) Subversion
10 102 (2.50%) TeamCity
11 93 (2.28%) Gradle
12 92 (2.25%) Eclipse
13 89 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 76 (1.86%) GitLab
15 74 (1.81%) Rational DOORS
16 69 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
17 64 (1.57%) Jasmine
18 63 (1.54%) Team Foundation Server
19 62 (1.52%) Artifactory
19 62 (1.52%) Gatling
General
1 683 (16.72%) Finance
2 280 (6.85%) Banking
3 131 (3.21%) Front Office
4 113 (2.77%) Retail
5 89 (2.18%) Games
6 79 (1.93%) Electronics
7 71 (1.74%) Manufacturing
8 67 (1.64%) Law
9 65 (1.59%) Automotive
10 62 (1.52%) Investment Banking
11 56 (1.37%) Aerospace
12 50 (1.22%) Marketing
13 44 (1.08%) Telecoms
14 33 (0.81%) Legal
15 29 (0.71%) Military
16 25 (0.61%) Avionics
16 25 (0.61%) Back Office
17 20 (0.49%) Financial Institution
18 18 (0.44%) Publishing
19 10 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,737 (42.52%) Developer
2 1,516 (37.11%) Software Engineer
3 525 (12.85%) Java Developer
4 317 (7.76%) Java Engineer
5 313 (7.66%) Senior Software Engineer
6 283 (6.93%) Java Software Engineer
7 243 (5.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 238 (5.83%) C# Developer
9 231 (5.65%) Senior Developer
10 227 (5.56%) Architect
11 222 (5.43%) .NET Developer
12 209 (5.12%) Software Developer
13 186 (4.55%) Embedded Engineer
14 179 (4.38%) Embedded Software Engineer
15 175 (4.28%) C++ Software Engineer
16 140 (3.43%) JavaScript Developer
17 135 (3.30%) AWS Engineer
18 132 (3.23%) C# .NET Developer
18 132 (3.23%) React Developer
19 130 (3.18%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 693 (16.96%) .NET
2 569 (13.93%) HTML
3 524 (12.83%) AngularJS
4 522 (12.78%) Web Services
5 515 (12.61%) Node.js
6 505 (12.36%) Spring
7 503 (12.31%) CSS
8 441 (10.80%) React
9 426 (10.43%) REST
10 270 (6.61%) RESTful
11 250 (6.12%) ASP.NET
12 234 (5.73%) HTML5
13 218 (5.34%) Kafka
14 215 (5.26%) Hibernate
15 213 (5.21%) Spring Boot
16 173 (4.24%) XML
17 170 (4.16%) jQuery
18 152 (3.72%) .NET Framework
18 152 (3.72%) SOAP
19 137 (3.35%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 371 (9.08%) Computer Science
2 242 (5.92%) User Experience
3 227 (5.56%) Greenfield Project
4 197 (4.82%) Analytical Skills
5 131 (3.21%) Self-Motivation
6 128 (3.13%) Fintech
7 110 (2.69%) Algorithms
8 90 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
9 73 (1.79%) Embedded Systems
10 71 (1.74%) Mobile App
11 66 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 61 (1.49%) Management Information System
13 55 (1.35%) Data Structures
14 50 (1.22%) Fixed Income
14 50 (1.22%) Hedge funds
15 43 (1.05%) Derivative
16 41 (1.00%) Equities
16 41 (1.00%) Public Cloud
17 33 (0.81%) Device Driver
18 30 (0.73%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 763 (18.68%) Linux
2 307 (7.52%) Windows
3 173 (4.24%) Unix
4 97 (2.37%) Android
4 97 (2.37%) Apple iOS
5 58 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 52 (1.27%) Embedded Linux
7 47 (1.15%) CentOS
8 31 (0.76%) Windows Server
9 23 (0.56%) VxWorks
10 18 (0.44%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.24%) Mac OS X
11 10 (0.24%) Nucleus RTOS
12 8 (0.20%) FreeRTOS
13 6 (0.15%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 5 (0.12%) CoreOS
14 5 (0.12%) Debian
14 5 (0.12%) SafeRTOS
14 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.098%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,174 (53.22%) Agile Software Development
2 1,014 (24.82%) TDD
3 790 (19.34%) Scrum
4 632 (15.47%) DevOps
5 630 (15.42%) Continuous Integration
6 629 (15.40%) Test Automation
7 614 (15.03%) Microservices
8 573 (14.03%) BDD
9 457 (11.19%) OO
10 393 (9.62%) Problem-Solving
11 361 (8.84%) Unit Testing
12 322 (7.88%) MVC
13 319 (7.81%) Kanban
14 315 (7.71%) SDLC
15 255 (6.24%) Mentoring
16 253 (6.19%) Open Source
17 245 (6.00%) Continuous Delivery
18 240 (5.88%) Multithreading
19 211 (5.17%) Front End Development
19 211 (5.17%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,517 (37.14%) Java
2 1,055 (25.83%) JavaScript
3 808 (19.78%) C#
4 753 (18.43%) Python
5 714 (17.48%) SQL
6 632 (15.47%) C++
7 422 (10.33%) C
8 315 (7.71%) Java 8
9 235 (5.75%) Scala
10 160 (3.92%) PHP
11 151 (3.70%) Go
12 147 (3.60%) TypeScript
13 144 (3.53%) Embedded C
14 139 (3.40%) ES6
15 137 (3.35%) Ruby
16 128 (3.13%) PowerShell
17 109 (2.67%) Bash Shell
18 98 (2.40%) Perl
19 97 (2.37%) Groovy
20 76 (1.86%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 481 (11.77%) Degree
2 406 (9.94%) Security Cleared
3 300 (7.34%) SC Cleared
4 152 (3.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (1.13%) DV Cleared
6 40 (0.98%) AWS Certification
7 34 (0.83%) Master's Degree
8 33 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
9 30 (0.73%) CISSP
10 20 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
11 19 (0.47%) CISM
12 17 (0.42%) ISTQB
13 14 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
13 14 (0.34%) PhD
14 13 (0.32%) CCNA
14 13 (0.32%) ISEB
15 12 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 11 (0.27%) MCSE
16 11 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
17 9 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 247 (6.05%) QA
2 45 (1.10%) MISRA
3 42 (1.03%) GDPR
4 26 (0.64%) MISRA C
5 25 (0.61%) Data Quality
6 19 (0.47%) DO-178B
7 16 (0.39%) FINRA
8 11 (0.27%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 10 (0.24%) HMG Infosec
9 10 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.24%) JSP 440
10 9 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
10 9 (0.22%) IEC 61508
11 8 (0.20%) WCAG
12 7 (0.17%) PCI DSS
12 7 (0.17%) SLA
13 6 (0.15%) COBIT
13 6 (0.15%) Def Stans
13 6 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 5 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 585 (14.32%) Docker
2 40 (0.98%) Firmware
3 30 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.69%) HDFS
5 16 (0.39%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.32%) vSphere
7 11 (0.27%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.098%) KVM
9 3 (0.073%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.073%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.073%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.049%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.049%) OpenAM
10 2 (0.049%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.049%) Xen
11 1 (0.024%) Ceph
11 1 (0.024%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.024%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.024%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 346 (8.47%) Ansible
2 263 (6.44%) Kubernetes
3 238 (5.83%) Terraform
4 236 (5.78%) Puppet
5 152 (3.72%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (1.40%) Cobbler
7 39 (0.95%) Grafana
8 31 (0.76%) Prometheus
9 25 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
10 23 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
10 23 (0.56%) Kibana
11 21 (0.51%) Packer
12 19 (0.47%) Mesos
13 18 (0.44%) Rancher
14 14 (0.34%) Oozie
15 12 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
15 12 (0.29%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 11 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
16 11 (0.27%) Salt
17 10 (0.24%) Graylog
Vendors
1 312 (7.64%) Microsoft
2 305 (7.47%) Oracle
3 128 (3.13%) Google
4 71 (1.74%) Atlassian
5 66 (1.62%) Red Hat
6 51 (1.25%) IBM
7 46 (1.13%) VMware
8 43 (1.05%) Zend
9 42 (1.03%) Tableau
10 39 (0.95%) Cloudera
11 36 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
12 35 (0.86%) Black Duck
13 31 (0.76%) Adobe
14 30 (0.73%) SAP
15 29 (0.71%) Hortonworks
16 27 (0.66%) Splunk
17 20 (0.49%) Informatica
18 19 (0.47%) Cisco
18 19 (0.47%) Citrix
19 18 (0.44%) TIBCO