Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 51 60 70
Rank change year-on-year +9 +10 +2
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,978 3,911 3,270
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.16% 3.99% 3.28%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.89% 4.57% 3.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,746 2,414 2,142
UK median daily rate £505 £500 £493
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% +1.52% +9.44%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £348
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 195 296 259
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £41.00 £33.44 £32.90
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £54.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year +2.22% +4.65% +1.18%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,940 85,562 86,060
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.23% 87.33% 86.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,614 56,568 57,510
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £283 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £409
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.04% +2.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,028 2,191 2,061
UK median hourly rate £22.97 £23.88 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.83% +1.62% +1.75%
10th Percentile £12.30 £11.28 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.08 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.65 £24.00
% change year-on-year -7.28% -5.63% +6.67%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 2,766 £525 +5.00% 2,755
UK excluding London +2 1,550 £450 - 1,961
London +15 1,380 £550 - 998
South West +30 436 £475 +5.56% 277
South East -6 360 £450 -8.16% 494
North of England -13 286 £475 +5.56% 428
East of England +9 216 £420 -5.62% 305
North West 0 142 £450 +2.86% 220
Yorkshire -17 110 £475 +5.56% 154
Scotland -22 101 £450 +2.86% 136
Midlands -26 79 £450 +5.88% 253
Wales -6 63 £500 +17.65% 52
East Midlands +11 40 £450 +16.13% 92
West Midlands -27 39 £425 -2.86% 161
North East -12 34 £430 -10.04% 54
Northern Ireland +10 9 £575 +36.90% 16

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,444 (48.49%) Agile Software Development
2 1,100 (36.94%) Java
3 889 (29.85%) Python
4 751 (25.22%) AWS
5 699 (23.47%) JavaScript
6 675 (22.67%) C#
7 633 (21.26%) Finance
8 625 (20.99%) DevOps
9 592 (19.88%) C++
10 545 (18.30%) Web Services
11 542 (18.20%) Microservices
12 532 (17.86%) Azure
13 518 (17.39%) .NET
14 499 (16.76%) Linux
15 476 (15.98%) TDD
16 453 (15.21%) Security Cleared
17 452 (15.18%) SQL
18 426 (14.30%) Docker
19 425 (14.27%) Git (software)
20 413 (13.87%) C
21 397 (13.33%) Scrum
22 370 (12.42%) React
23 359 (12.06%) Kubernetes
24 355 (11.92%) Node.js
25 339 (11.38%) Test Automation
26 335 (11.25%) Continuous Integration
27 332 (11.15%) AngularJS
28 331 (11.11%) SC Cleared
29 311 (10.44%) Jenkins
30 309 (10.38%) Front Office

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (3.16%) Apache Spark
2 81 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
3 80 (2.69%) Confluence
4 63 (2.12%) Apache
5 36 (1.21%) Tomcat
6 32 (1.07%) CMS
7 23 (0.77%) SAS
8 21 (0.71%) nginx
9 20 (0.67%) JBoss
10 18 (0.60%) IIS
11 16 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
11 16 (0.54%) GeoServer
12 15 (0.50%) OpenStack
13 14 (0.47%) Jupyter
13 14 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 12 (0.40%) Jetty
15 10 (0.34%) Camunda
15 10 (0.34%) WebLogic
16 8 (0.27%) Mendix
16 8 (0.27%) SharePoint
Applications
1 23 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.74%) Simulink
3 14 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.10%) Sketch
6 3 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.067%) PlantUML
7 2 (0.067%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.034%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.034%) Blender
8 1 (0.034%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.034%) Inkscape
8 1 (0.034%) InVision
8 1 (0.034%) MODO
8 1 (0.034%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.034%) SPSS
8 1 (0.034%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 45 (1.51%) FINCAD Analytics
2 12 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 8 (0.27%) PolarLake
4 6 (0.20%) Markit EDM
4 6 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 5 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.13%) osCommerce
7 3 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
7 3 (0.10%) Eikon
7 3 (0.10%) LabWindows
7 3 (0.10%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.067%) CSG Singleview
8 2 (0.067%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.067%) Magento
8 2 (0.067%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.034%) ION MarketView
9 1 (0.034%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.034%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 751 (25.22%) AWS
2 532 (17.86%) Azure
3 258 (8.66%) GCP
4 208 (6.98%) Serverless
5 163 (5.47%) AWS Lambda
6 145 (4.87%) Amazon S3
7 117 (3.93%) GitHub
8 112 (3.76%) Amazon SQS
9 91 (3.06%) Amazon EC2
9 91 (3.06%) AWS CloudFormation
10 80 (2.69%) OpenShift
11 76 (2.55%) Amazon ECS
12 52 (1.75%) PaaS
13 50 (1.68%) SaaS
14 48 (1.61%) AWS Step Functions
15 47 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
16 34 (1.14%) IaaS
17 23 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
18 21 (0.71%) Amazon EKS
19 20 (0.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 95 (3.19%) TCP/IP
2 66 (2.22%) Internet
3 57 (1.91%) HTTP
4 47 (1.58%) Ethernet
5 43 (1.44%) DNS
6 28 (0.94%) Wireless
7 23 (0.77%) Firewall
8 20 (0.67%) Wi-Fi
9 19 (0.64%) Bluetooth
10 18 (0.60%) RS-232
10 18 (0.60%) SSL
11 17 (0.57%) RS-485
12 14 (0.47%) Wireshark
13 13 (0.44%) HTTPS
13 13 (0.44%) VoIP
14 11 (0.37%) VPN
15 10 (0.34%) FTP
15 10 (0.34%) ZigBee
16 9 (0.30%) Kerberos
17 8 (0.27%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 239 (8.03%) SQL Server
2 191 (6.41%) NoSQL
3 186 (6.25%) MongoDB
4 163 (5.47%) Relational Database
5 156 (5.24%) PostgreSQL
6 151 (5.07%) MySQL
7 144 (4.84%) Big Data
8 122 (4.10%) Amazon RDS
9 109 (3.66%) Amazon Redshift
10 107 (3.59%) Hadoop
11 104 (3.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 94 (3.16%) Amazon Athena
13 90 (3.02%) RDBMS
14 74 (2.48%) Redis
15 68 (2.28%) Amazon Aurora
16 62 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
17 57 (1.91%) HBase
18 53 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
19 51 (1.71%) Apache Hive
20 40 (1.34%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 425 (14.27%) Git (software)
2 311 (10.44%) Jenkins
3 208 (6.98%) JIRA
4 110 (3.69%) Maven
5 88 (2.96%) Selenium
6 83 (2.79%) Cucumber
7 79 (2.65%) Visual Studio
8 72 (2.42%) RStudio
9 65 (2.18%) Artifactory
10 61 (2.05%) Rational Rhapsody
11 56 (1.88%) Eclipse
11 56 (1.88%) Subversion
12 53 (1.78%) Gradle
13 46 (1.54%) NetBeans
14 45 (1.51%) GitLab
15 43 (1.44%) Rational DOORS
16 40 (1.34%) Bitbucket
17 39 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 39 (1.31%) JUnit
17 39 (1.31%) TeamCity
General
1 633 (21.26%) Finance
2 309 (10.38%) Front Office
3 203 (6.82%) Banking
4 105 (3.53%) Public Sector
5 75 (2.52%) Investment Banking
6 74 (2.48%) Military
7 68 (2.28%) Electronics
8 61 (2.05%) Law
9 58 (1.95%) Aerospace
10 55 (1.85%) Marketing
11 52 (1.75%) Retail
12 51 (1.71%) Manufacturing
13 46 (1.54%) Telecoms
14 23 (0.77%) Automotive
15 19 (0.64%) Publishing
16 15 (0.50%) Billing
16 15 (0.50%) Games
17 14 (0.47%) Avionics
18 13 (0.44%) Back Office
19 10 (0.34%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,185 (39.79%) Software Engineer
2 1,034 (34.72%) Developer
3 280 (9.40%) Java Developer
4 200 (6.72%) Java Engineer
5 194 (6.51%) Embedded Engineer
6 180 (6.04%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 171 (5.74%) Architect
8 170 (5.71%) Senior Developer
9 164 (5.51%) C++ Software Engineer
10 156 (5.24%) AWS Developer
11 155 (5.20%) Senior Software Engineer
12 153 (5.14%) Java Software Engineer
13 144 (4.84%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 141 (4.73%) Software Developer
15 130 (4.37%) AWS Engineer
16 128 (4.30%) C# Developer
17 126 (4.23%) Python Engineer
18 125 (4.20%) DevOps Engineer
19 116 (3.90%) Python Developer
20 115 (3.86%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 545 (18.30%) Web Services
2 518 (17.39%) .NET
3 370 (12.42%) React
4 355 (11.92%) Node.js
5 332 (11.15%) AngularJS
6 247 (8.29%) HTML
7 231 (7.76%) CSS
8 226 (7.59%) Spring
9 188 (6.31%) J2EE
9 188 (6.31%) REST
10 169 (5.67%) RESTful
11 143 (4.80%) Kafka
12 119 (4.00%) Spring Boot
13 114 (3.83%) .NET Core
14 105 (3.53%) ASP.NET
15 92 (3.09%) HTML5
16 91 (3.06%) Vue.js
17 68 (2.28%) JSON
18 62 (2.08%) Redux
18 62 (2.08%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 267 (8.97%) Fixed Income
2 227 (7.62%) Derivative
3 178 (5.98%) Greenfield Project
4 175 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
5 133 (4.47%) Equities
6 124 (4.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 123 (4.13%) User Experience
8 94 (3.16%) Algorithms
9 92 (3.09%) Hedge funds
10 76 (2.55%) Blog
11 61 (2.05%) Public Cloud
12 57 (1.91%) Mobile App
13 52 (1.75%) Equity Derivative
14 51 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
15 50 (1.68%) Embedded Systems
15 50 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
16 35 (1.18%) Cloud Native
16 35 (1.18%) Data Structures
17 33 (1.11%) Virtual Team
18 31 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 499 (16.76%) Linux
2 216 (7.25%) Windows
3 117 (3.93%) Unix
4 67 (2.25%) Android
5 48 (1.61%) Windows Server
6 46 (1.54%) Apple iOS
6 46 (1.54%) FreeRTOS
7 40 (1.34%) Embedded Linux
8 39 (1.31%) ThreadX
9 38 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 33 (1.11%) CentOS
11 25 (0.84%) Ubuntu
12 22 (0.74%) Debian
13 18 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
14 13 (0.44%) Solaris
15 11 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
16 10 (0.34%) Mac OS X
16 10 (0.34%) VxWorks
16 10 (0.34%) Windows 7
17 9 (0.30%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,444 (48.49%) Agile Software Development
2 625 (20.99%) DevOps
3 542 (18.20%) Microservices
4 476 (15.98%) TDD
5 397 (13.33%) Scrum
6 339 (11.38%) Test Automation
7 335 (11.25%) Continuous Integration
8 276 (9.27%) Asset Management
9 244 (8.19%) OO
10 240 (8.06%) Analytics
11 233 (7.82%) Computer Science
12 230 (7.72%) BDD
13 221 (7.42%) Problem-Solving
14 181 (6.08%) Open Source
15 174 (5.84%) Mentoring
16 173 (5.81%) UML
17 153 (5.14%) Machine Learning
18 152 (5.10%) Migration
19 147 (4.94%) SDLC
20 146 (4.90%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,100 (36.94%) Java
2 889 (29.85%) Python
3 699 (23.47%) JavaScript
4 675 (22.67%) C#
5 592 (19.88%) C++
6 452 (15.18%) SQL
7 413 (13.87%) C
8 169 (5.67%) R
9 139 (4.67%) Embedded C
10 132 (4.43%) TypeScript
11 124 (4.16%) Scala
12 107 (3.59%) Embedded C++
13 99 (3.32%) Kotlin
14 96 (3.22%) Go
15 95 (3.19%) Ruby
16 94 (3.16%) Java 8
17 83 (2.79%) PowerShell
18 79 (2.65%) Bash Shell
19 68 (2.28%) PHP
20 46 (1.54%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 453 (15.21%) Security Cleared
2 331 (11.11%) SC Cleared
3 298 (10.01%) Degree
4 125 (4.20%) DV Cleared
5 95 (3.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (0.77%) PhD
7 21 (0.71%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
8 18 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
9 16 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.47%) CCNA
10 14 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (0.44%) MCSE
12 9 (0.30%) CISSP
13 6 (0.20%) AWS Certification
14 5 (0.17%) MCP
15 4 (0.13%) RHCSA
16 3 (0.10%) DBS Check
16 3 (0.10%) ISTQB
16 3 (0.10%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 107 (3.59%) QA
2 20 (0.67%) MISRA
3 17 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.27%) DO-178B
4 8 (0.27%) GDPR
4 8 (0.27%) JTAG
4 8 (0.27%) MISRA C
4 8 (0.27%) SLA
5 7 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.20%) GxP
6 6 (0.20%) IEC 61508
7 5 (0.17%) ISO 26262
7 5 (0.17%) NCSC
8 4 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.13%) MiFID
8 4 (0.13%) PSD2
8 4 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.10%) DO-254
9 3 (0.10%) ECSS
9 3 (0.10%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 426 (14.30%) Docker
2 39 (1.31%) HDFS
3 33 (1.11%) Active Directory
4 29 (0.97%) Firmware
5 27 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
7 18 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
8 16 (0.54%) VirtualBox
9 14 (0.47%) Hyper-V
10 8 (0.27%) VMware NSX
10 8 (0.27%) vSphere
11 4 (0.13%) DFS Replication
11 4 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.10%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.10%) LXC
12 3 (0.10%) XenApp
13 2 (0.067%) KVM
13 2 (0.067%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 359 (12.06%) Kubernetes
2 219 (7.35%) Terraform
3 152 (5.10%) Ansible
4 69 (2.32%) Puppet
5 46 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (0.97%) Grafana
6 29 (0.97%) Prometheus
7 27 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
8 23 (0.77%) Hadoop YARN
9 22 (0.74%) Packer
10 21 (0.71%) Kibana
11 17 (0.57%) vCenter Server
12 15 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 12 (0.40%) SCCM
14 8 (0.27%) Cobbler
14 8 (0.27%) linkerd
14 8 (0.27%) Mesos
15 7 (0.24%) Istio
16 6 (0.20%) Oozie
16 6 (0.20%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 185 (6.21%) Microsoft
2 182 (6.11%) Oracle
3 177 (5.94%) Google
4 53 (1.78%) SAP
5 49 (1.65%) VMware
6 41 (1.38%) Sybase
7 37 (1.24%) Atlassian
8 33 (1.11%) Cloudera
9 31 (1.04%) Hortonworks
10 30 (1.01%) Bloomberg
11 29 (0.97%) Apple
12 28 (0.94%) Adobe
12 28 (0.94%) Red Hat
12 28 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
13 22 (0.74%) Cisco
13 22 (0.74%) IBM
14 21 (0.71%) Splunk
14 21 (0.71%) Tableau
15 18 (0.60%) hybris
16 16 (0.54%) Talend