Period
to 19 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 64 71
Rank change year-on-year +10 +7 +7
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,823 3,864 3,139
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.24% 3.78% 3.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.88% 4.35% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,222 2,442 2,006
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -
10th Percentile £356 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 252 286 260
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £43.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.98% -2.27% +4.14%
10th Percentile £39.03 £29.05 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £42.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +8.24% -2.30% +2.96%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,416 88,759 83,040
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.98% 86.83% 86.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,530 58,525 54,369
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,293 2,395 2,099
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £21.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -16.00% +6.38%
10th Percentile £11.80 £11.18 £11.37
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -20.00% +4.17%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 3,510 £500 - 2,662
UK excluding London +6 2,071 £438 +2.94% 2,103
London +13 1,695 £550 +4.76% 817
South East +2 558 £450 - 501
North of England +1 398 £450 +5.88% 447
South West +10 393 £450 +6.51% 285
East of England +15 269 £413 -6.78% 367
Midlands +37 183 £425 +6.25% 246
Yorkshire -6 177 £455 +7.06% 155
North West -2 174 £450 +5.88% 238
Scotland +27 161 £425 -5.56% 178
West Midlands +36 118 £410 -1.15% 155
Wales -13 84 £430 +3.61% 49
East Midlands +34 59 £500 +42.76% 91
North East +28 48 £500 +17.65% 55
Northern Ireland +15 22 £500 +12.23% 31
Channel Islands -8 4 £475 -

For the 6 months to 19 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,768 (46.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,307 (34.19%) Java
3 938 (24.54%) JavaScript
4 904 (23.65%) Python
5 857 (22.42%) C++
6 810 (21.19%) DevOps
7 784 (20.51%) C#
8 771 (20.17%) Amazon AWS
9 729 (19.07%) Finance
10 723 (18.91%) Linux
11 636 (16.64%) .NET
12 611 (15.98%) Docker
13 603 (15.77%) SQL
14 565 (14.78%) Scrum
15 558 (14.60%) TDD
16 545 (14.26%) C
17 544 (14.23%) Microservices
18 531 (13.89%) Web Services
19 478 (12.50%) Git (software)
20 456 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
21 452 (11.82%) Microsoft Azure
22 449 (11.74%) Security Cleared
23 444 (11.61%) AngularJS
24 442 (11.56%) Kubernetes
25 439 (11.48%) Node.js
26 424 (11.09%) Degree
27 419 (10.96%) React
28 405 (10.59%) Jenkins
29 399 (10.44%) Test Automation
30 386 (10.10%) Problem-Solving

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (3.82%) Apache Spark
2 96 (2.51%) Confluence
3 95 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
4 83 (2.17%) Apache
5 41 (1.07%) JBoss
6 38 (0.99%) IIS
7 34 (0.89%) Tomcat
8 24 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
8 24 (0.63%) Jupyter
9 20 (0.52%) CMS
10 17 (0.44%) SAS
11 16 (0.42%) Jetty
12 15 (0.39%) Ethereum
12 15 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 13 (0.34%) Drupal
13 13 (0.34%) Hyperledger
13 13 (0.34%) SharePoint
14 11 (0.29%) WebSphere
15 9 (0.24%) Apache Pig
15 9 (0.24%) WebLogic
Applications
1 46 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.73%) Simulink
4 17 (0.44%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
5 9 (0.24%) Sketch
5 9 (0.24%) Zeplin
6 8 (0.21%) Inkscape
7 7 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.18%) Stata
8 6 (0.16%) SPSS
9 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.10%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.10%) InVision
10 4 (0.10%) Windchill
11 3 (0.078%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.078%) InfoPath
11 3 (0.078%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.026%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.026%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 20 (0.52%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 16 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
3 12 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (0.29%) R3 Corda
5 8 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.16%) Eikon
6 6 (0.16%) Magento
6 6 (0.16%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.078%) CSG Singleview
9 3 (0.078%) LabWindows
9 3 (0.078%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.078%) PolarLake
9 3 (0.078%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 2 (0.052%) Oracle Retail
10 2 (0.052%) Primavera
10 2 (0.052%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 771 (20.17%) Amazon AWS
2 452 (11.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 292 (7.64%) Serverless
4 230 (6.02%) AWS Lambda
5 210 (5.49%) Amazon S3
6 189 (4.94%) Amazon EC2
7 167 (4.37%) Amazon SQS
8 156 (4.08%) AWS CloudFormation
9 136 (3.56%) GitHub
10 135 (3.53%) Google Cloud Platform
11 130 (3.40%) OpenShift
12 118 (3.09%) Amazon ECS
13 75 (1.96%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 61 (1.60%) SaaS
15 60 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
16 47 (1.23%) Power Platform
17 42 (1.10%) PaaS
18 39 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 30 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
20 29 (0.76%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 109 (2.85%) TCP/IP
2 75 (1.96%) Ethernet
3 64 (1.67%) Internet
4 56 (1.46%) HTTP
5 43 (1.12%) Firewall
6 33 (0.86%) DNS
7 31 (0.81%) VoIP
8 24 (0.63%) VPN
9 23 (0.60%) IPv6
9 23 (0.60%) Wireshark
10 21 (0.55%) SSL
10 21 (0.55%) Wireless
11 19 (0.50%) 5G
11 19 (0.50%) RS-232
12 17 (0.44%) RS-485
13 16 (0.42%) Wi-Fi
14 13 (0.34%) Bluetooth
14 13 (0.34%) FTP
15 12 (0.31%) LTE
16 11 (0.29%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 320 (8.37%) SQL Server
2 267 (6.98%) NoSQL
3 223 (5.83%) Big Data
4 184 (4.81%) Hadoop
4 184 (4.81%) MongoDB
5 182 (4.76%) Amazon RDS
6 156 (4.08%) Relational Database
7 153 (4.00%) Amazon Redshift
8 147 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
9 139 (3.64%) MySQL
10 87 (2.28%) RDBMS
11 80 (2.09%) Apache Cassandra
12 72 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
13 70 (1.83%) Redis
14 61 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 54 (1.41%) Apache Hive
16 52 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 45 (1.18%) Power BI
18 43 (1.12%) Oracle Database
19 38 (0.99%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 478 (12.50%) Git (software)
2 405 (10.59%) Jenkins
3 197 (5.15%) JIRA
4 196 (5.13%) Visual Studio
5 173 (4.53%) Artifactory
6 119 (3.11%) Selenium
7 116 (3.03%) GitLab
8 97 (2.54%) Rational Rhapsody
9 96 (2.51%) Cucumber
10 85 (2.22%) RStudio
10 85 (2.22%) Subversion
11 83 (2.17%) Rational DOORS
12 82 (2.14%) Maven
13 79 (2.07%) Eclipse
14 72 (1.88%) Bitbucket
15 71 (1.86%) Visual Studio Team System
16 65 (1.70%) NetBeans
17 64 (1.67%) Team Foundation Server
18 58 (1.52%) TeamCity
19 48 (1.26%) Gradle
General
1 729 (19.07%) Finance
2 252 (6.59%) Banking
3 222 (5.81%) Front Office
4 117 (3.06%) Marketing
5 98 (2.56%) Retail
6 86 (2.25%) Investment Banking
7 83 (2.17%) Aerospace
8 76 (1.99%) Law
9 75 (1.96%) Telecoms
10 74 (1.94%) Public Sector
11 70 (1.83%) Military
12 68 (1.78%) Electronics
13 49 (1.28%) Manufacturing
14 38 (0.99%) Legal
15 36 (0.94%) Advertising
16 33 (0.86%) Games
17 28 (0.73%) Automotive
18 27 (0.71%) Financial Institution
19 26 (0.68%) Publishing
20 23 (0.60%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 1,393 (36.44%) Software Engineer
2 1,392 (36.41%) Developer
3 317 (8.29%) Java Developer
4 257 (6.72%) Embedded Engineer
5 247 (6.46%) Senior Developer
6 243 (6.36%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 213 (5.57%) Senior Software Engineer
8 206 (5.39%) Java Engineer
9 194 (5.07%) AWS Engineer
10 192 (5.02%) C++ Software Engineer
11 187 (4.89%) Architect
12 178 (4.66%) AWS Developer
13 177 (4.63%) JavaScript Developer
14 173 (4.53%) Java Software Engineer
15 147 (3.85%) .NET Developer
15 147 (3.85%) DevOps Engineer
16 140 (3.66%) Software Developer
17 138 (3.61%) C# Developer
18 134 (3.51%) React Developer
19 125 (3.27%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 636 (16.64%) .NET
2 531 (13.89%) Web Services
3 444 (11.61%) AngularJS
4 439 (11.48%) Node.js
5 419 (10.96%) React
6 365 (9.55%) HTML
7 345 (9.02%) CSS
8 262 (6.85%) Spring
9 227 (5.94%) REST
10 207 (5.41%) RESTful
11 194 (5.07%) J2EE
12 181 (4.73%) Kafka
13 162 (4.24%) ASP.NET
14 134 (3.51%) HTML5
15 127 (3.32%) Spring Boot
16 125 (3.27%) .NET Core
17 117 (3.06%) XML
18 108 (2.83%) JSON
19 103 (2.69%) ASP.NET Web API
19 103 (2.69%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 247 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
2 199 (5.21%) Greenfield Project
3 191 (5.00%) User Experience
4 188 (4.92%) Fixed Income
5 158 (4.13%) Algorithms
6 128 (3.35%) Derivative
7 88 (2.30%) Self-Motivation
8 83 (2.17%) Embedded Systems
9 69 (1.80%) Mobile App
10 68 (1.78%) Cloud Native
11 67 (1.75%) Data Structures
11 67 (1.75%) Virtual Team
12 56 (1.46%) Data Protection Act
13 52 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
14 49 (1.28%) Public Cloud
15 47 (1.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 41 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
17 34 (0.89%) Equities
18 32 (0.84%) Hedge funds
19 31 (0.81%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 723 (18.91%) Linux
2 317 (8.29%) Windows
3 155 (4.05%) Unix
4 144 (3.77%) Android
5 60 (1.57%) Embedded Linux
6 52 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 42 (1.10%) CentOS
8 41 (1.07%) Windows Server
9 40 (1.05%) Apple iOS
10 25 (0.65%) FreeRTOS
10 25 (0.65%) Ubuntu
11 17 (0.44%) Mac OS
12 15 (0.39%) Windows 10
13 11 (0.29%) ThreadX
14 9 (0.24%) AIX
14 9 (0.24%) Debian
15 7 (0.18%) Solaris
16 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.13%) Fedora
17 5 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,768 (46.25%) Agile Software Development
2 810 (21.19%) DevOps
3 565 (14.78%) Scrum
4 558 (14.60%) TDD
5 544 (14.23%) Microservices
6 456 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
7 399 (10.44%) Test Automation
8 386 (10.10%) Problem-Solving
9 345 (9.02%) Computer Science
10 330 (8.63%) BDD
11 303 (7.93%) OO
12 265 (6.93%) SDLC
13 263 (6.88%) UML
14 246 (6.43%) Asset Management
15 245 (6.41%) Unit Testing
16 229 (5.99%) Analytics
17 228 (5.96%) Mentoring
18 227 (5.94%) Mathematics
19 221 (5.78%) Front End Development
20 206 (5.39%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,307 (34.19%) Java
2 938 (24.54%) JavaScript
3 904 (23.65%) Python
4 857 (22.42%) C++
5 784 (20.51%) C#
6 603 (15.77%) SQL
7 545 (14.26%) C
8 145 (3.79%) TypeScript
9 144 (3.77%) Scala
10 141 (3.69%) Embedded C
11 117 (3.06%) Bash Shell
11 117 (3.06%) Ruby
12 108 (2.83%) PowerShell
13 104 (2.72%) Go
14 99 (2.59%) Java 8
15 97 (2.54%) PHP
16 95 (2.48%) Embedded C++
17 90 (2.35%) R
18 63 (1.65%) ES6
19 59 (1.54%) VB
Qualifications
1 449 (11.74%) Security Cleared
2 424 (11.09%) Degree
3 363 (9.50%) SC Cleared
4 112 (2.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 69 (1.80%) DV Cleared
6 54 (1.41%) AWS Certification
7 46 (1.20%) PhD
8 33 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
9 26 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 26 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
10 24 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
11 17 (0.44%) ISTQB
12 16 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
13 15 (0.39%) MCP
14 14 (0.37%) CCNA
15 13 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
16 11 (0.29%) MCSE
17 9 (0.24%) MCSA
17 9 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 8 (0.21%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 199 (5.21%) QA
2 41 (1.07%) MISRA
3 26 (0.68%) MISRA C
4 17 (0.44%) DO-178B
5 13 (0.34%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 11 (0.29%) IEC 61508
8 10 (0.26%) GDPR
8 10 (0.26%) SLA
9 8 (0.21%) GxP
10 7 (0.18%) NIST
10 7 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.16%) ISO 26262
11 6 (0.16%) PSD2
12 5 (0.13%) HMG Infosec
12 5 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.13%) IEC 62304
12 5 (0.13%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 611 (15.98%) Docker
2 42 (1.10%) Active Directory
3 37 (0.97%) Firmware
4 29 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
5 18 (0.47%) HDFS
6 12 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 12 (0.31%) LXC
7 11 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (0.26%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.18%) Apache Flume
10 6 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.13%) XenApp
12 4 (0.10%) VirtualBox
13 3 (0.078%) vSphere
14 2 (0.052%) BusyBox
14 2 (0.052%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.052%) Oracle RAC
14 2 (0.052%) VMware NSX
15 1 (0.026%) Virtual Desktop
15 1 (0.026%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 442 (11.56%) Kubernetes
2 330 (8.63%) Terraform
3 245 (6.41%) Ansible
4 141 (3.69%) Puppet
5 97 (2.54%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (0.78%) Packer
7 27 (0.71%) Mesos
8 22 (0.58%) Consul
8 22 (0.58%) Marathon
9 17 (0.44%) Grafana
10 16 (0.42%) Kibana
11 15 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
12 14 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
12 14 (0.37%) Oozie
13 13 (0.34%) linkerd
13 13 (0.34%) SCCM
14 12 (0.31%) Rancher
15 11 (0.29%) PowerCLI
15 11 (0.29%) SCOM
15 11 (0.29%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 310 (8.11%) Microsoft
2 236 (6.17%) Oracle
3 144 (3.77%) Google
4 57 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
5 55 (1.44%) Bloomberg
6 50 (1.31%) MuleSoft
6 50 (1.31%) SAP
7 48 (1.26%) Atlassian
7 48 (1.26%) Reuters
8 44 (1.15%) IBM
9 38 (0.99%) Tableau
10 36 (0.94%) VMware
11 35 (0.92%) Red Hat
12 27 (0.71%) Adobe
13 25 (0.65%) Citrix
13 25 (0.65%) Sybase
14 23 (0.60%) Cisco
14 23 (0.60%) New Relic
15 22 (0.58%) Splunk
16 20 (0.52%) Pega