Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 44 55 65
Rank change year-on-year +11 +10 +4
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,008 3,987 3,799
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.90% 4.24% 3.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.70% 4.87% 4.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,390 2,407 2,421
Median daily rate £550 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £380 £352 £344
90th Percentile £750 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £449 £425
% change year-on-year +2.51% +5.59% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 288 306
Median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +4.65% -1.15%
10th Percentile £35.00 £38.68 £27.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% -1.16%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,206 81,851 90,274
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.83% 87.05% 86.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,165 53,899 59,500
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,218 2,314 2,463
Median hourly rate £31.61 £24.96 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.66% +16.08% -14.00%
10th Percentile £12.76 £11.85 £11.17
90th Percentile £54.00 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £24.20 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +0.81% +20.00% -20.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 1,818 £550 +10.00% 1,017
London +27 1,125 £575 +4.55% 339
UK excluding London -3 828 £460 +2.51% 767
North of England -1 186 £475 +5.56% 191
South East -14 170 £460 +2.22% 174
South West -5 154 £460 +2.22% 104
Work from Home -16 98 £525 +13.51% 192
East of England -6 95 £450 +11.11% 110
North West +7 86 £450 - 120
Midlands +1 77 £450 +5.88% 99
Yorkshire -2 76 £475 +5.56% 50
Wales +16 74 £475 +11.76% 21
Scotland -8 68 £450 +5.88% 53
West Midlands +16 65 £450 +7.14% 58
North East 0 18 £395 -12.22% 21
East Midlands +10 12 £425 -14.14% 40
Northern Ireland +8 4 - - 16

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,031 (51.34%) Agile Software Development
2 843 (41.98%) Java
3 734 (36.55%) AWS
4 655 (32.62%) Python
5 588 (29.28%) Finance
6 580 (28.88%) DevOps
7 553 (27.54%) JavaScript
8 485 (24.15%) Web Services
9 472 (23.51%) Azure
10 383 (19.07%) Docker
11 362 (18.03%) Kubernetes
12 350 (17.43%) React
13 346 (17.23%) SQL
13 346 (17.23%) Asset Management
14 332 (16.53%) C#
15 326 (16.24%) Microservices
16 323 (16.09%) Front Office
17 316 (15.74%) AngularJS
18 310 (15.44%) Jenkins
19 298 (14.84%) GCP
20 286 (14.24%) Git (software)
21 284 (14.14%) Fixed Income
22 274 (13.65%) .NET
23 271 (13.50%) TDD
24 268 (13.35%) Banking
25 263 (13.10%) Derivative
26 253 (12.60%) Scrum
27 248 (12.35%) Security Cleared
28 245 (12.20%) Linux
29 237 (11.80%) Hedge funds

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (3.78%) Apache
1 76 (3.78%) Confluence
2 62 (3.09%) Apache Spark
3 42 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
4 41 (2.04%) SAS
5 38 (1.89%) WebLogic
6 27 (1.34%) Tomcat
7 22 (1.10%) Mule
8 21 (1.05%) CMS
9 20 (1.00%) SharePoint
10 15 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
11 14 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (0.65%) Camunda
12 13 (0.65%) IIS
13 8 (0.40%) Jupyter
14 7 (0.35%) WordPress
15 6 (0.30%) Drupal
15 6 (0.30%) JBoss
16 5 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
16 5 (0.25%) nginx
Applications
1 14 (0.70%) Simulink
2 12 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.40%) Sketch
4 5 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.100%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.100%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.100%) Doxygen
6 2 (0.100%) InVision
6 2 (0.100%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.100%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.050%) Autodesk Inventor
7 1 (0.050%) Figma
7 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.050%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.050%) SOLIDWORKS
7 1 (0.050%) SPSS
7 1 (0.050%) Windchill
7 1 (0.050%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.45%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 8 (0.40%) FINCAD Analytics
3 6 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.100%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.100%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.100%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.050%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.050%) Magento
6 1 (0.050%) Misys Equation
6 1 (0.050%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.050%) SAP HR
6 1 (0.050%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.050%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.050%) SunGard GMI
6 1 (0.050%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.050%) Temenos Triple'A Plus
Cloud Services
1 734 (36.55%) AWS
2 472 (23.51%) Azure
3 298 (14.84%) GCP
4 195 (9.71%) Serverless
5 168 (8.37%) AWS Lambda
6 120 (5.98%) Amazon EC2
6 120 (5.98%) Amazon ECS
7 113 (5.63%) Amazon S3
8 97 (4.83%) OpenShift
9 88 (4.38%) AWS CloudFormation
10 84 (4.18%) Amazon SQS
11 48 (2.39%) GitHub
12 43 (2.14%) PaaS
13 38 (1.89%) SaaS
14 36 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
15 27 (1.34%) Power Platform
16 19 (0.95%) Apigee
16 19 (0.95%) AWS Step Functions
17 17 (0.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 16 (0.80%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 58 (2.89%) TCP/IP
2 53 (2.64%) SSL
3 37 (1.84%) Firewall
4 35 (1.74%) Wireless
5 29 (1.44%) DNS
5 29 (1.44%) HTTP
6 28 (1.39%) Wi-Fi
7 27 (1.34%) HTTPS
8 23 (1.15%) Bluetooth
8 23 (1.15%) Ethernet
9 21 (1.05%) ZigBee
10 14 (0.70%) Reverse Proxy
11 13 (0.65%) DHCP
12 10 (0.50%) Internet
13 9 (0.45%) 5G
13 9 (0.45%) SNMP
14 8 (0.40%) VoIP
14 8 (0.40%) WAN
15 7 (0.35%) FTP
15 7 (0.35%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 170 (8.47%) SQL Server
2 132 (6.57%) NoSQL
3 121 (6.03%) MySQL
4 120 (5.98%) Amazon Redshift
5 115 (5.73%) Amazon RDS
6 114 (5.68%) Relational Database
7 112 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
8 90 (4.48%) Big Data
9 78 (3.88%) MongoDB
10 61 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
11 60 (2.99%) RDBMS
12 57 (2.84%) Hadoop
13 41 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 37 (1.84%) Redis
15 34 (1.69%) Amazon Aurora
16 31 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
17 29 (1.44%) Pentaho
18 27 (1.34%) Power BI
19 25 (1.25%) HBase
20 23 (1.15%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 310 (15.44%) Jenkins
2 286 (14.24%) Git (software)
3 133 (6.62%) JIRA
4 102 (5.08%) RStudio
5 101 (5.03%) Artifactory
6 92 (4.58%) Maven
7 89 (4.43%) GitLab
8 45 (2.24%) Visual Studio
9 44 (2.19%) JUnit
10 43 (2.14%) Selenium
11 42 (2.09%) Eclipse
12 41 (2.04%) Cucumber
13 30 (1.49%) Subversion
14 27 (1.34%) Bitbucket
15 26 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
15 26 (1.29%) Rational Rhapsody
16 23 (1.15%) NetBeans
16 23 (1.15%) TeamCity
17 22 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 22 (1.10%) Mocha
General
1 588 (29.28%) Finance
2 323 (16.09%) Front Office
3 268 (13.35%) Banking
4 147 (7.32%) Investment Banking
5 76 (3.78%) Public Sector
6 45 (2.24%) Electronics
7 31 (1.54%) Law
7 31 (1.54%) Telecoms
8 30 (1.49%) Aerospace
9 21 (1.05%) Military
10 16 (0.80%) Retail
11 15 (0.75%) Financial Institution
12 14 (0.70%) Back Office
12 14 (0.70%) Marketing
13 13 (0.65%) Publishing
14 10 (0.50%) Games
15 9 (0.45%) Automotive
16 8 (0.40%) Legal
16 8 (0.40%) Manufacturing
17 7 (0.35%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 777 (38.70%) Developer
2 757 (37.70%) Software Engineer
3 271 (13.50%) Java Developer
4 254 (12.65%) AWS Engineer
5 228 (11.35%) AWS Developer
6 168 (8.37%) Java Engineer
7 153 (7.62%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 137 (6.82%) Python Developer
9 134 (6.67%) AWS Software Engineer
10 121 (6.03%) Python Engineer
11 109 (5.43%) Java Software Engineer
12 99 (4.93%) DevOps Engineer
13 95 (4.73%) Java Software Developer
14 94 (4.68%) Senior Developer
15 82 (4.08%) Embedded Engineer
16 80 (3.98%) Embedded Software Engineer
17 76 (3.78%) .NET Developer
17 76 (3.78%) Python Software Engineer
18 69 (3.44%) Senior Software Engineer
19 66 (3.29%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 485 (24.15%) Web Services
2 350 (17.43%) React
3 316 (15.74%) AngularJS
4 274 (13.65%) .NET
5 225 (11.21%) Node.js
6 182 (9.06%) Spring
7 176 (8.76%) Vue.js
8 171 (8.52%) HTML
9 156 (7.77%) CSS
10 133 (6.62%) J2EE
11 125 (6.23%) REST
12 109 (5.43%) RESTful
13 108 (5.38%) Kafka
14 106 (5.28%) .NET Core
14 106 (5.28%) ASP.NET
15 103 (5.13%) Spring Boot
16 80 (3.98%) J2SE
17 65 (3.24%) gRPC
18 63 (3.14%) XML
19 58 (2.89%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 284 (14.14%) Fixed Income
2 263 (13.10%) Derivative
3 237 (11.80%) Hedge funds
4 235 (11.70%) Equities
5 190 (9.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 130 (6.47%) Analytical Skills
7 100 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
8 92 (4.58%) User Experience
9 50 (2.49%) Public Cloud
10 42 (2.09%) Mobile App
11 34 (1.69%) Management Information System
12 33 (1.64%) Algorithms
12 33 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
13 32 (1.59%) Device Driver
14 29 (1.44%) Virtual Team
15 27 (1.34%) Cloud Native
16 24 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
17 20 (1.00%) Data Structures
17 20 (1.00%) Home Automation
17 20 (1.00%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 245 (12.20%) Linux
2 144 (7.17%) Windows
3 81 (4.03%) Unix
4 48 (2.39%) Apple iOS
5 42 (2.09%) Android
6 19 (0.95%) Embedded Linux
7 17 (0.85%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.60%) FreeRTOS
9 9 (0.45%) ThreadX
9 9 (0.45%) Windows 10
10 8 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.35%) CentOS
11 7 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.30%) Solaris
12 6 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.25%) Debian
14 4 (0.20%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.20%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.15%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,031 (51.34%) Agile Software Development
2 580 (28.88%) DevOps
3 346 (17.23%) Asset Management
4 326 (16.24%) Microservices
5 271 (13.50%) TDD
6 253 (12.60%) Scrum
7 199 (9.91%) Investment Management
8 176 (8.76%) Test Automation
9 175 (8.72%) Continuous Integration
9 175 (8.72%) Decision-Making
10 153 (7.62%) Mentoring
11 140 (6.97%) Analytics
12 135 (6.72%) BDD
13 124 (6.18%) Fintech
14 123 (6.13%) OO
15 122 (6.08%) Computer Science
16 121 (6.03%) Unit Testing
17 117 (5.83%) Migration
17 117 (5.83%) SDLC
18 114 (5.68%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 843 (41.98%) Java
2 655 (32.62%) Python
3 553 (27.54%) JavaScript
4 346 (17.23%) SQL
5 332 (16.53%) C#
6 216 (10.76%) C++
7 161 (8.02%) C
8 124 (6.18%) Scala
9 99 (4.93%) R
10 94 (4.68%) Kotlin
11 85 (4.23%) Go
12 79 (3.93%) Java 8
13 77 (3.83%) TypeScript
14 49 (2.44%) PL/SQL
15 47 (2.34%) Ruby
16 45 (2.24%) Embedded C
17 44 (2.19%) Bash Shell
18 40 (1.99%) PowerShell
19 39 (1.94%) Embedded C++
20 34 (1.69%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 248 (12.35%) Security Cleared
2 218 (10.86%) SC Cleared
3 167 (8.32%) Degree
4 43 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (0.85%) DV Cleared
6 15 (0.75%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (0.70%) DBS Check
8 11 (0.55%) SANS
9 8 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
9 8 (0.40%) PhD
10 6 (0.30%) CCNA
11 5 (0.25%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.25%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.25%) PMI Certification
11 5 (0.25%) PMP
12 4 (0.20%) CISSP
12 4 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.15%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (3.74%) QA
2 21 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.55%) GDPR
4 10 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.40%) MISRA
6 7 (0.35%) MISRA C
7 6 (0.30%) PSD2
8 5 (0.25%) WCAG
9 3 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.15%) SLA
10 2 (0.100%) Def Stans
10 2 (0.100%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.100%) ISO 26262
10 2 (0.100%) JTAG
10 2 (0.100%) MiFID
11 1 (0.050%) DO-178B
11 1 (0.050%) HL7
11 1 (0.050%) IEC 61508
11 1 (0.050%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.050%) TickIT
System Software
1 383 (19.07%) Docker
2 21 (1.05%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.75%) HDFS
3 15 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
4 14 (0.70%) vSphere
5 10 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.40%) Firmware
7 7 (0.35%) VMware NSX
8 6 (0.30%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.25%) XenApp
10 3 (0.15%) DFS Replication
10 3 (0.15%) GridGain
10 3 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.050%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 362 (18.03%) Kubernetes
2 227 (11.30%) Terraform
3 102 (5.08%) Ansible
4 55 (2.74%) Puppet
5 39 (1.94%) Prometheus
6 26 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (1.00%) Zipkin
8 17 (0.85%) Kibana
9 10 (0.50%) Grafana
9 10 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
9 10 (0.50%) SCCM
10 8 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (0.40%) Packer
10 8 (0.40%) vCenter Server
11 7 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.25%) Nagios
13 4 (0.20%) Ambari
13 4 (0.20%) CloudForms
13 4 (0.20%) Consul
13 4 (0.20%) WSUS
Vendors
1 189 (9.41%) Google
2 175 (8.72%) Oracle
3 116 (5.78%) Microsoft
4 44 (2.19%) Cloudera
5 41 (2.04%) Splunk
6 32 (1.59%) Bloomberg
7 25 (1.25%) MuleSoft
8 24 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 22 (1.10%) Hortonworks
9 22 (1.10%) IBM
10 21 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
10 21 (1.05%) Sybase
10 21 (1.05%) VMware
11 20 (1.00%) SAP
12 18 (0.90%) Cisco
13 17 (0.85%) AppDynamics
13 17 (0.85%) F5
14 16 (0.80%) Red Hat
14 16 (0.80%) Tableau
15 15 (0.75%) Adobe