Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 49 60 65
Rank change year-on-year +11 +5 +6
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,717 3,739 3,515
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.37% 3.88% 3.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.15% 4.45% 4.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,717 2,346 2,305
Median daily rate £525 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £373 £350 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +5.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 283 288
Median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £37.16 £35.00 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,731 84,108 87,863
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.89% 87.27% 86.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,577 55,687 58,124
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £288
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +2.94% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,877 2,128 2,213
Median hourly rate £25.14 £24.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.61% +8.89% -10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.76 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £23.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +2.22% -10.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 2,473 £525 +5.00% 2,070
UK excluding London +4 1,351 £475 +5.56% 1,457
London +19 1,313 £550 - 772
South West +25 352 £485 +9.30% 211
South East -7 287 £450 - 370
North of England -12 261 £475 +5.56% 291
East of England +1 158 £400 -1.23% 220
Scotland -7 113 £450 +5.88% 97
North West -17 112 £475 +5.56% 147
Yorkshire -14 109 £475 +5.56% 108
Midlands 0 90 £450 +5.88% 206
Wales +7 83 £475 +11.76% 44
Work from Home -5 77 £550 +12.82% 151
West Midlands +1 59 £450 +5.88% 128
North East -12 38 £430 -9.47% 36
East Midlands +20 31 £450 +7.14% 78
Northern Ireland +14 7 £468 +1.63% 19

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,352 (49.76%) Agile Software Development
2 1,038 (38.20%) Java
3 810 (29.81%) Python
4 752 (27.68%) AWS
5 670 (24.66%) JavaScript
6 643 (23.67%) DevOps
7 579 (21.31%) Finance
8 568 (20.91%) Azure
9 527 (19.40%) C#
10 503 (18.51%) Web Services
11 443 (16.30%) SQL
12 432 (15.90%) TDD
13 427 (15.72%) C++
14 417 (15.35%) Microservices
15 416 (15.31%) Docker
16 404 (14.87%) .NET
17 400 (14.72%) Linux
17 400 (14.72%) Git (software)
18 399 (14.69%) Scrum
19 377 (13.88%) Kubernetes
20 369 (13.58%) React
21 366 (13.47%) Security Cleared
22 350 (12.88%) Jenkins
23 324 (11.92%) AngularJS
24 321 (11.81%) Node.js
25 315 (11.59%) GCP
26 295 (10.86%) Test Automation
26 295 (10.86%) Front Office
27 284 (10.45%) C
28 280 (10.31%) Degree

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (3.24%) Apache Spark
2 82 (3.02%) Confluence
3 61 (2.25%) Apache
3 61 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (1.36%) SAS
5 36 (1.32%) Tomcat
6 28 (1.03%) CMS
6 28 (1.03%) WebLogic
7 19 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
8 18 (0.66%) Camunda
9 17 (0.63%) nginx
10 15 (0.55%) OpenStack
11 13 (0.48%) IIS
11 13 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 11 (0.40%) SharePoint
13 9 (0.33%) Mule
14 8 (0.29%) Mendix
15 7 (0.26%) Jetty
15 7 (0.26%) WordPress
16 6 (0.22%) Drupal
Applications
1 19 (0.70%) Simulink
2 17 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.11%) Sketch
6 2 (0.074%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.074%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.074%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.074%) SPSS
7 1 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.037%) Blender
7 1 (0.037%) Inkscape
7 1 (0.037%) InVision
7 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.037%) MODO
7 1 (0.037%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.037%) PlantUML
7 1 (0.037%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 41 (1.51%) FINCAD Analytics
2 13 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 6 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.15%) osCommerce
5 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.11%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.074%) LabWindows
6 2 (0.074%) Magento
6 2 (0.074%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.074%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.074%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.074%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.037%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.037%) Misys Equation
7 1 (0.037%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.037%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.037%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 752 (27.68%) AWS
2 568 (20.91%) Azure
3 315 (11.59%) GCP
4 176 (6.48%) Serverless
5 136 (5.01%) AWS Lambda
6 114 (4.20%) Amazon S3
7 103 (3.79%) Amazon SQS
8 101 (3.72%) OpenShift
9 100 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
10 88 (3.24%) Amazon ECS
11 82 (3.02%) AWS CloudFormation
11 82 (3.02%) GitHub
12 57 (2.10%) PaaS
13 53 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
14 45 (1.66%) AWS Step Functions
15 43 (1.58%) SaaS
16 33 (1.21%) IaaS
17 27 (0.99%) Power Platform
18 18 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
19 16 (0.59%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 87 (3.20%) TCP/IP
2 52 (1.91%) HTTP
3 43 (1.58%) Ethernet
4 39 (1.44%) Internet
5 30 (1.10%) Firewall
6 29 (1.07%) Wireless
7 28 (1.03%) DNS
8 23 (0.85%) SSL
9 22 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
10 18 (0.66%) Bluetooth
11 17 (0.63%) DHCP
12 16 (0.59%) HTTPS
13 15 (0.55%) RS-232
13 15 (0.55%) RS-485
14 14 (0.52%) SNMP
15 11 (0.40%) VPN
15 11 (0.40%) ZigBee
16 10 (0.37%) Kerberos
16 10 (0.37%) WAN
17 9 (0.33%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (7.69%) SQL Server
2 177 (6.51%) NoSQL
3 160 (5.89%) MongoDB
4 155 (5.70%) Relational Database
5 132 (4.86%) Big Data
5 132 (4.86%) MySQL
6 121 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
7 118 (4.34%) Amazon RDS
8 104 (3.83%) Amazon Redshift
9 86 (3.17%) Hadoop
10 85 (3.13%) Redis
11 84 (3.09%) RDBMS
12 80 (2.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 71 (2.61%) Apache Cassandra
14 70 (2.58%) HBase
15 66 (2.43%) Amazon Athena
16 53 (1.95%) Apache Hive
17 51 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
18 50 (1.84%) Amazon Aurora
19 43 (1.58%) DB2
Development Applications
1 400 (14.72%) Git (software)
2 350 (12.88%) Jenkins
3 196 (7.21%) JIRA
4 135 (4.97%) Maven
5 80 (2.94%) Artifactory
6 75 (2.76%) GitLab
7 74 (2.72%) RStudio
8 71 (2.61%) Visual Studio
9 67 (2.47%) Selenium
10 63 (2.32%) Eclipse
11 57 (2.10%) Cucumber
12 52 (1.91%) Gradle
13 49 (1.80%) Subversion
14 48 (1.77%) Rational Rhapsody
15 45 (1.66%) NetBeans
16 43 (1.58%) TeamCity
17 40 (1.47%) Bitbucket
18 35 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
19 34 (1.25%) Visual Studio Team System
20 33 (1.21%) Rational DOORS
General
1 579 (21.31%) Finance
2 295 (10.86%) Front Office
3 203 (7.47%) Banking
4 101 (3.72%) Public Sector
5 88 (3.24%) Investment Banking
6 58 (2.13%) Military
7 55 (2.02%) Law
8 53 (1.95%) Aerospace
9 45 (1.66%) Electronics
10 35 (1.29%) Telecoms
11 31 (1.14%) Retail
12 30 (1.10%) Marketing
13 29 (1.07%) Manufacturing
14 19 (0.70%) Publishing
15 18 (0.66%) Automotive
16 16 (0.59%) Games
17 10 (0.37%) Avionics
17 10 (0.37%) Back Office
18 9 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
19 8 (0.29%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,058 (38.94%) Software Engineer
2 936 (34.45%) Developer
3 275 (10.12%) Java Developer
4 183 (6.74%) Java Engineer
5 156 (5.74%) AWS Developer
6 141 (5.19%) AWS Engineer
7 138 (5.08%) Embedded Engineer
7 138 (5.08%) Senior Developer
8 133 (4.90%) Embedded Software Engineer
9 130 (4.78%) Python Engineer
9 130 (4.78%) Senior Software Engineer
10 123 (4.53%) Java Software Engineer
11 122 (4.49%) Python Developer
12 120 (4.42%) DevOps Engineer
13 117 (4.31%) Software Developer
14 113 (4.16%) Architect
15 110 (4.05%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 105 (3.86%) .NET Developer
17 98 (3.61%) C++ Software Engineer
18 95 (3.50%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 503 (18.51%) Web Services
2 404 (14.87%) .NET
3 369 (13.58%) React
4 324 (11.92%) AngularJS
5 321 (11.81%) Node.js
6 246 (9.05%) HTML
7 240 (8.83%) CSS
8 233 (8.58%) Spring
9 166 (6.11%) REST
10 161 (5.93%) J2EE
11 160 (5.89%) RESTful
12 144 (5.30%) Kafka
13 138 (5.08%) Spring Boot
14 102 (3.75%) Vue.js
15 99 (3.64%) ASP.NET
16 92 (3.39%) .NET Core
17 74 (2.72%) HTML5
18 65 (2.39%) J2SE
19 64 (2.36%) JSON
20 63 (2.32%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 249 (9.16%) Fixed Income
2 210 (7.73%) Derivative
3 172 (6.33%) Analytical Skills
4 152 (5.59%) Equities
5 142 (5.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 136 (5.01%) Hedge funds
7 133 (4.90%) User Experience
8 128 (4.71%) Greenfield Project
9 68 (2.50%) Public Cloud
10 64 (2.36%) Algorithms
11 57 (2.10%) Blog
12 50 (1.84%) Mobile App
13 43 (1.58%) Equity Derivative
13 43 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
14 41 (1.51%) Embedded Systems
15 40 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
16 28 (1.03%) Data Structures
16 28 (1.03%) Device Driver
16 28 (1.03%) Management Information System
16 28 (1.03%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 400 (14.72%) Linux
2 222 (8.17%) Windows
3 112 (4.12%) Unix
4 58 (2.13%) Android
5 56 (2.06%) Apple iOS
6 48 (1.77%) Windows Server
7 31 (1.14%) Embedded Linux
8 27 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 26 (0.96%) FreeRTOS
10 24 (0.88%) ThreadX
11 20 (0.74%) CentOS
11 20 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
12 18 (0.66%) Ubuntu
13 13 (0.48%) Debian
14 12 (0.44%) Solaris
15 11 (0.40%) Mac OS X
15 11 (0.40%) Windows 10
15 11 (0.40%) Windows 7
15 11 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
16 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,352 (49.76%) Agile Software Development
2 643 (23.67%) DevOps
3 432 (15.90%) TDD
4 417 (15.35%) Microservices
5 399 (14.69%) Scrum
6 295 (10.86%) Test Automation
7 274 (10.08%) Continuous Integration
8 254 (9.35%) Asset Management
9 203 (7.47%) Analytics
9 203 (7.47%) BDD
10 188 (6.92%) OO
11 187 (6.88%) Mentoring
12 179 (6.59%) Computer Science
13 167 (6.15%) Migration
14 165 (6.07%) Problem-Solving
15 149 (5.48%) Decision-Making
15 149 (5.48%) Open Source
16 143 (5.26%) Continuous Delivery
17 137 (5.04%) Pair Programming
18 134 (4.93%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,038 (38.20%) Java
2 810 (29.81%) Python
3 670 (24.66%) JavaScript
4 527 (19.40%) C#
5 443 (16.30%) SQL
6 427 (15.72%) C++
7 284 (10.45%) C
8 145 (5.34%) Scala
9 125 (4.60%) R
10 121 (4.45%) TypeScript
11 115 (4.23%) Kotlin
12 100 (3.68%) Embedded C
13 92 (3.39%) Java 8
14 79 (2.91%) Go
15 75 (2.76%) PowerShell
16 74 (2.72%) Embedded C++
17 73 (2.69%) Ruby
18 68 (2.50%) Bash Shell
19 51 (1.88%) PL/SQL
20 49 (1.80%) PHP
Qualifications
1 366 (13.47%) Security Cleared
2 280 (10.31%) Degree
3 273 (10.05%) SC Cleared
4 82 (3.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 77 (2.83%) DV Cleared
6 26 (0.96%) Master's Degree
7 19 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (0.48%) CCNA
9 13 (0.48%) PhD
9 13 (0.48%) SANS
10 12 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
11 9 (0.33%) DBS Check
11 9 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.29%) CISSP
12 8 (0.29%) MCSE
13 4 (0.15%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.15%) MCP
13 4 (0.15%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.15%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 100 (3.68%) QA
2 23 (0.85%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.52%) MISRA
4 11 (0.40%) MISRA C
5 10 (0.37%) GDPR
6 9 (0.33%) JTAG
7 8 (0.29%) SLA
8 7 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.15%) MiFID
9 4 (0.15%) PSD2
10 3 (0.11%) DO-178B
10 3 (0.11%) ECSS
10 3 (0.11%) WCAG
11 2 (0.074%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.074%) GAMP
11 2 (0.074%) GLP
11 2 (0.074%) Good Clinical Practice
11 2 (0.074%) ISO 26262
11 2 (0.074%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 416 (15.31%) Docker
2 39 (1.44%) HDFS
3 29 (1.07%) Active Directory
4 26 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
5 23 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
6 19 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
7 18 (0.66%) Firmware
8 13 (0.48%) vSphere
9 12 (0.44%) Hyper-V
9 12 (0.44%) VMware NSX
10 6 (0.22%) DFS Replication
10 6 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.15%) XenApp
12 3 (0.11%) VirtualBox
13 2 (0.074%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 2 (0.074%) KVM
13 2 (0.074%) LXC
13 2 (0.074%) Oracle RAC
14 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 377 (13.88%) Kubernetes
2 228 (8.39%) Terraform
3 132 (4.86%) Ansible
4 60 (2.21%) Puppet
5 47 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (1.18%) Prometheus
7 26 (0.96%) Hadoop YARN
8 24 (0.88%) Grafana
9 23 (0.85%) Kibana
10 21 (0.77%) vCenter Server
11 17 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
12 14 (0.52%) SCCM
13 12 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (0.33%) linkerd
15 8 (0.29%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 7 (0.26%) Istio
16 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Clustering
16 7 (0.26%) WSUS
17 6 (0.22%) Failover Clustering
17 6 (0.22%) Packer
Vendors
1 174 (6.40%) Google
2 171 (6.29%) Microsoft
2 171 (6.29%) Oracle
3 50 (1.84%) SAP
4 45 (1.66%) VMware
5 40 (1.47%) Cloudera
6 35 (1.29%) Sybase
7 31 (1.14%) Atlassian
7 31 (1.14%) Hortonworks
8 30 (1.10%) Red Hat
9 28 (1.03%) Adobe
9 28 (1.03%) IBM
10 24 (0.88%) Cisco
10 24 (0.88%) Tableau
11 21 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
12 20 (0.74%) Bloomberg
12 20 (0.74%) hybris
12 20 (0.74%) Splunk
13 15 (0.55%) TOWER Software
14 12 (0.44%) Apple