Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 60 72 73
Rank change year-on-year +12 +1 +12
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 4,187 3,305 3,204
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.99% 3.22% 3.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.60% 3.75% 3.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,599 2,162 1,997
UK median daily rate £500 £480 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% +8.43%
10th Percentile £350 £336 £313
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +15.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 295 261 269
UK median hourly rate £44.27 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.16% - +5.25%
10th Percentile £32.05 £33.00 £33.30
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +5.75%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,056 88,128 86,878
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.78% 85.88% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,307 58,823 57,239
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,332 2,060 2,454
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.09
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 3,759 £505 +2.54% 2,670
UK excluding London +11 2,310 £450 +5.88% 2,081
London +11 1,811 £550 +4.76% 839
South East +28 699 £495 +13.14% 557
North of England -9 486 £450 +5.88% 389
South West +3 291 £438 +9.38% 280
East of England +4 268 £445 +11.25% 365
Scotland +15 231 £450 +20.00% 155
Yorkshire 0 223 £450 -5.26% 145
North West -23 200 £439 -2.50% 211
Midlands +16 197 £425 +11.84% 242
Wales +9 130 £418 - 70
West Midlands +16 128 £444 +26.79% 135
North East -4 69 £480 +12.94% 33
East Midlands +12 67 £351 -19.89% 107
Northern Ireland +26 8 £420 -8.70% 24
Channel Islands -2 5 - -

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,193 (52.38%) Agile Software Development
2 1,470 (35.11%) Java
3 1,045 (24.96%) JavaScript
4 990 (23.64%) TDD
5 814 (19.44%) C#
6 813 (19.42%) Amazon AWS
7 792 (18.92%) Python
8 785 (18.75%) Linux
9 747 (17.84%) Scrum
10 743 (17.75%) SQL
11 700 (16.72%) .NET
12 680 (16.24%) Finance
13 673 (16.07%) Git (software)
14 671 (16.03%) C++
15 655 (15.64%) DevOps
16 651 (15.55%) Microservices
17 631 (15.07%) Continuous Integration
18 623 (14.88%) Test Automation
19 581 (13.88%) Docker
20 573 (13.69%) BDD
21 570 (13.61%) HTML
22 536 (12.80%) Node.js
23 511 (12.20%) AngularJS
24 499 (11.92%) CSS
25 498 (11.89%) Web Services
26 492 (11.75%) Spring
27 490 (11.70%) OO
28 488 (11.66%) Jenkins
29 485 (11.58%) Degree
30 466 (11.13%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (4.85%) Confluence
2 160 (3.82%) Apache Spark
3 158 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
4 135 (3.22%) Tomcat
5 117 (2.79%) JBoss
6 108 (2.58%) Apache
7 78 (1.86%) Jetty
8 56 (1.34%) CMS
9 45 (1.07%) Cloud Foundry
10 37 (0.88%) SharePoint
10 37 (0.88%) WebLogic
11 35 (0.84%) nginx
12 27 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 25 (0.60%) Gunicorn
13 25 (0.60%) IIS
14 24 (0.57%) WebSphere
15 23 (0.55%) Apache Solr
15 23 (0.55%) NServiceBus
16 18 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 13 (0.31%) Mule
Applications
1 52 (1.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.98%) Simulink
3 19 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
4 17 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
5 16 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.24%) MS Visio
7 8 (0.19%) Chatbot
8 7 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.072%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.072%) Stateflow
10 2 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.048%) Doxygen
10 2 (0.048%) InVision
10 2 (0.048%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.024%) CATIA
11 1 (0.024%) S-PLUS
11 1 (0.024%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 11 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
2 10 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
4 6 (0.14%) Remedy AR System
5 4 (0.096%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.072%) LabWindows
6 3 (0.072%) Magento
6 3 (0.072%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.072%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.072%) thinkFolio
7 2 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.048%) Eagle PACE
7 2 (0.048%) Endur
7 2 (0.048%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.048%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.048%) SAP MM
7 2 (0.048%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 813 (19.42%) Amazon AWS
2 374 (8.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 160 (3.82%) Serverless
4 134 (3.20%) Google Cloud Platform
5 123 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
6 101 (2.41%) GitHub
7 97 (2.32%) AWS CloudFormation
8 71 (1.70%) Amazon EC2
9 69 (1.65%) Slack
10 64 (1.53%) Amazon S3
10 64 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
11 57 (1.36%) PaaS
12 55 (1.31%) SaaS
13 45 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
14 43 (1.03%) IaaS
15 42 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
16 37 (0.88%) npm
17 33 (0.79%) OpenShift
18 30 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 22 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 126 (3.01%) HTTP
2 113 (2.70%) TCP/IP
3 63 (1.50%) SSL
4 59 (1.41%) Internet
5 43 (1.03%) Firewall
6 35 (0.84%) DNS
7 30 (0.72%) Ethernet
8 28 (0.67%) Wi-Fi
9 27 (0.64%) Wireless
10 25 (0.60%) SNMP
11 20 (0.48%) Broadband
11 20 (0.48%) VoIP
12 19 (0.45%) Bluetooth
13 17 (0.41%) FTP
14 16 (0.38%) AMQP
15 15 (0.36%) VPN
16 14 (0.33%) HTTPS
17 13 (0.31%) Tactical Data Link
18 12 (0.29%) DLNA
18 12 (0.29%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 391 (9.34%) NoSQL
2 369 (8.81%) SQL Server
3 353 (8.43%) MongoDB
4 269 (6.42%) Hadoop
5 243 (5.80%) PostgreSQL
6 238 (5.68%) Relational Database
7 229 (5.47%) MySQL
8 228 (5.45%) Big Data
9 115 (2.75%) Apache Cassandra
10 102 (2.44%) Data Warehouse
11 87 (2.08%) Apache Hive
12 85 (2.03%) Redis
13 80 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 69 (1.65%) RDBMS
15 61 (1.46%) Oracle Database
16 47 (1.12%) Neo4j
17 36 (0.86%) Amazon Aurora
17 36 (0.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 33 (0.79%) GIS
18 33 (0.79%) HBase
Development Applications
1 673 (16.07%) Git (software)
2 488 (11.66%) Jenkins
3 334 (7.98%) JIRA
4 199 (4.75%) Selenium
5 184 (4.39%) Visual Studio
6 159 (3.80%) Maven
7 146 (3.49%) Subversion
8 138 (3.30%) Cucumber
9 128 (3.06%) JUnit
10 93 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 89 (2.13%) TeamCity
12 79 (1.89%) GitLab
13 77 (1.84%) Eclipse
14 72 (1.72%) Gradle
15 69 (1.65%) Gatling
16 63 (1.50%) Mercurial
17 62 (1.48%) Mocha
18 60 (1.43%) Rational DOORS
19 59 (1.41%) Hudson
19 59 (1.41%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 680 (16.24%) Finance
2 287 (6.85%) Banking
3 130 (3.10%) Front Office
4 113 (2.70%) Retail
5 79 (1.89%) Electronics
6 74 (1.77%) Games
7 70 (1.67%) Manufacturing
8 64 (1.53%) Automotive
9 63 (1.50%) Law
10 59 (1.41%) Aerospace
11 57 (1.36%) Investment Banking
12 53 (1.27%) Marketing
13 43 (1.03%) Telecoms
14 32 (0.76%) Back Office
14 32 (0.76%) Legal
15 30 (0.72%) Avionics
16 28 (0.67%) Military
17 24 (0.57%) Publishing
18 13 (0.31%) Financial Institution
19 11 (0.26%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,765 (42.15%) Developer
2 1,508 (36.02%) Software Engineer
3 505 (12.06%) Java Developer
4 289 (6.90%) Java Engineer
5 275 (6.57%) Senior Software Engineer
6 258 (6.16%) Architect
7 252 (6.02%) Senior Developer
8 251 (5.99%) C# Developer
9 244 (5.83%) .NET Developer
9 244 (5.83%) Java Software Engineer
10 225 (5.37%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 217 (5.18%) Software Developer
12 190 (4.54%) Embedded Engineer
13 186 (4.44%) Embedded Software Engineer
14 184 (4.39%) C++ Software Engineer
15 158 (3.77%) DevOps Engineer
16 140 (3.34%) JavaScript Developer
17 138 (3.30%) C# .NET Developer
18 134 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
19 130 (3.10%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 700 (16.72%) .NET
2 570 (13.61%) HTML
3 536 (12.80%) Node.js
4 511 (12.20%) AngularJS
5 499 (11.92%) CSS
6 498 (11.89%) Web Services
7 492 (11.75%) Spring
8 457 (10.91%) React
9 434 (10.37%) REST
10 276 (6.59%) RESTful
11 264 (6.31%) ASP.NET
12 255 (6.09%) HTML5
13 213 (5.09%) Kafka
14 208 (4.97%) Spring Boot
15 207 (4.94%) Hibernate
16 205 (4.90%) JSON
17 191 (4.56%) XML
18 174 (4.16%) jQuery
19 163 (3.89%) .NET Framework
20 156 (3.73%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 277 (6.62%) User Experience
2 257 (6.14%) Greenfield Project
3 244 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
4 148 (3.53%) Self-Motivation
5 138 (3.30%) Fintech
6 136 (3.25%) Algorithms
7 92 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
8 86 (2.05%) Embedded Systems
9 84 (2.01%) Mobile App
10 76 (1.82%) Management Information System
11 65 (1.55%) Hedge funds
12 61 (1.46%) Data Structures
12 61 (1.46%) Derivative
13 59 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 49 (1.17%) Fixed Income
15 43 (1.03%) Equities
16 42 (1.00%) Device Driver
17 40 (0.96%) Cloud Native
18 35 (0.84%) Virtual Team
19 31 (0.74%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 785 (18.75%) Linux
2 329 (7.86%) Windows
3 175 (4.18%) Unix
4 111 (2.65%) Android
5 106 (2.53%) Apple iOS
6 64 (1.53%) Embedded Linux
7 63 (1.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 45 (1.07%) CentOS
9 32 (0.76%) Windows Server
10 14 (0.33%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.33%) VxWorks
11 12 (0.29%) FreeRTOS
12 11 (0.26%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.14%) Debian
13 6 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.12%) Nucleus RTOS
14 5 (0.12%) SafeRTOS
14 5 (0.12%) Solaris
14 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.072%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,193 (52.38%) Agile Software Development
2 990 (23.64%) TDD
3 747 (17.84%) Scrum
4 655 (15.64%) DevOps
5 651 (15.55%) Microservices
6 631 (15.07%) Continuous Integration
7 623 (14.88%) Test Automation
8 573 (13.69%) BDD
9 490 (11.70%) OO
10 436 (10.41%) Problem-Solving
11 392 (9.36%) Computer Science
12 376 (8.98%) Unit Testing
13 312 (7.45%) MVC
13 312 (7.45%) SDLC
14 306 (7.31%) Kanban
15 282 (6.74%) Multithreading
16 257 (6.14%) Open Source
17 243 (5.80%) Pair Programming
18 234 (5.59%) Analytics
19 231 (5.52%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,470 (35.11%) Java
2 1,045 (24.96%) JavaScript
3 814 (19.44%) C#
4 792 (18.92%) Python
5 743 (17.75%) SQL
6 671 (16.03%) C++
7 466 (11.13%) C
8 291 (6.95%) Java 8
9 193 (4.61%) Scala
10 164 (3.92%) Go
11 151 (3.61%) ES6
12 147 (3.51%) TypeScript
13 145 (3.46%) Embedded C
14 144 (3.44%) PHP
15 133 (3.18%) PowerShell
16 131 (3.13%) Ruby
17 109 (2.60%) Perl
18 103 (2.46%) Bash Shell
19 75 (1.79%) Embedded C++
20 70 (1.67%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 485 (11.58%) Degree
2 418 (9.98%) Security Cleared
3 305 (7.28%) SC Cleared
4 175 (4.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (1.22%) DV Cleared
6 48 (1.15%) Master's Degree
7 39 (0.93%) AWS Certification
8 38 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
9 32 (0.76%) CISSP
10 25 (0.60%) PhD
11 22 (0.53%) CISM
12 18 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
13 14 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
14 13 (0.31%) CCNA
15 12 (0.29%) MCSE
16 9 (0.21%) MCSA
16 9 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
16 9 (0.21%) OCA
16 9 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
16 9 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 280 (6.69%) QA
2 44 (1.05%) MISRA
3 40 (0.96%) GDPR
4 31 (0.74%) Data Quality
5 25 (0.60%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 25 (0.60%) MISRA C
6 24 (0.57%) HMG Infosec
6 24 (0.57%) JSP 440
7 21 (0.50%) WCAG
8 19 (0.45%) FINRA
9 14 (0.33%) DO-178B
10 11 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 9 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
12 7 (0.17%) PCI DSS
13 6 (0.14%) IEC 61508
13 6 (0.14%) PSD2
14 5 (0.12%) ISO 9001
15 4 (0.096%) ARP4754
15 4 (0.096%) Def Stans
15 4 (0.096%) PMO
System Software
1 581 (13.88%) Docker
2 46 (1.10%) Firmware
3 27 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.50%) HDFS
5 16 (0.38%) Active Directory
6 12 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.17%) VirtualBox
8 6 (0.14%) KVM
8 6 (0.14%) vSphere
9 4 (0.096%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 3 (0.072%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.072%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.072%) Xen
11 2 (0.048%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.048%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.048%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.024%) Ceph
12 1 (0.024%) etcd
12 1 (0.024%) flannel
12 1 (0.024%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 380 (9.08%) Ansible
2 295 (7.05%) Kubernetes
3 244 (5.83%) Terraform
4 233 (5.56%) Puppet
5 157 (3.75%) Opscode Chef
6 68 (1.62%) Cobbler
7 40 (0.96%) Grafana
8 29 (0.69%) Kibana
8 29 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
9 28 (0.67%) Prometheus
10 18 (0.43%) Packer
11 16 (0.38%) Nessus
12 15 (0.36%) Oozie
13 14 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
13 14 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
13 14 (0.33%) Rancher
14 13 (0.31%) Nagios
15 12 (0.29%) Mesos
15 12 (0.29%) Salt
16 11 (0.26%) Ambari
Vendors
1 337 (8.05%) Microsoft
2 305 (7.28%) Oracle
3 160 (3.82%) Google
4 83 (1.98%) Atlassian
5 61 (1.46%) Red Hat
6 56 (1.34%) Hortonworks
7 55 (1.31%) Cloudera
8 52 (1.24%) IBM
9 48 (1.15%) Tableau
10 39 (0.93%) VMware
11 38 (0.91%) Black Duck
12 35 (0.84%) Adobe
13 32 (0.76%) Zend
14 31 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
15 25 (0.60%) Splunk
16 24 (0.57%) SAP
17 23 (0.55%) Sybase
18 21 (0.50%) Bloomberg
19 19 (0.45%) McAfee
19 19 (0.45%) Symantec