Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 68 74 87
Rank change year-on-year +6 +13 +25
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3297 3225 2758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.25% 3.08% 2.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.85% 3.67% 2.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 2160 2024 1725
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +5.77%
10th Percentile £327 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £365
% change year-on-year +1.19% +15.07% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 256 264 346
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +5.25% +0.95%
10th Percentile £32.50 £32.50 £31.44
90th Percentile £52.75 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.75 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.59% +6.25% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85705 87976 93705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.91% 81.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 57093 58207 60721
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2022 2335 2744
UK median hourly rate £23.32 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.83% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.32 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.37 £23.75
% change year-on-year -1.50% +2.59% +18.75%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 3035 £475 +5.56% 869
UK excluding London +3 1724 £425 +1.19% 586
London +11 1538 £525 +5.00% 323
South East -11 441 £444 +4.41% 130
North of England +21 430 £425 -0.58% 159
East of England -6 241 £413 +3.13% 142
South West -9 223 £400 -2.44% 61
North West +15 217 £450 +5.88% 65
Yorkshire +34 179 £430 +1.18% 80
Midlands -17 155 £398 +7.87% 54
Scotland +26 145 £375 - 25
West Midlands -42 79 £375 - 28
Wales -11 76 £415 -5.95% 11
East Midlands +12 71 £424 +25.56% 25
North East +42 62 £425 -5.56% 14
Northern Ireland -37 9 £460 - 4
Channel Islands - 5 - -

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1716 (52.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1287 (39.04%) Java
3 938 (28.45%) TDD
4 829 (25.14%) JavaScript
5 761 (23.08%) Scrum
6 731 (22.17%) Linux
7 676 (20.50%) Continuous Integration
8 662 (20.08%) SQL
9 628 (19.05%) C#
10 578 (17.53%) Git (software)
11 577 (17.50%) Test Automation
12 518 (15.71%) Python
13 517 (15.68%) .NET
14 509 (15.44%) C++
15 499 (15.13%) Amazon AWS
16 497 (15.07%) BDD
17 489 (14.83%) HTML
18 472 (14.32%) Finance
19 450 (13.65%) Web Services
20 445 (13.50%) Microservices
21 428 (12.98%) CSS
22 427 (12.95%) Spring
23 421 (12.77%) DevOps
24 420 (12.74%) AngularJS
24 420 (12.74%) OO
25 416 (12.62%) Jenkins
26 385 (11.68%) MongoDB
27 376 (11.40%) C
28 374 (11.34%) NoSQL
29 366 (11.10%) Node.js

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (4.31%) Apache Spark
2 113 (3.43%) Confluence
3 102 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
4 100 (3.03%) Apache
5 95 (2.88%) Tomcat
6 84 (2.55%) JBoss
7 68 (2.06%) CMS
8 45 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 34 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 34 (1.03%) WebLogic
10 32 (0.97%) nginx
11 29 (0.88%) Jetty
12 28 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
12 28 (0.85%) NServiceBus
12 28 (0.85%) WebSphere
13 25 (0.76%) SharePoint
14 24 (0.73%) Apache Solr
14 24 (0.73%) OpenStack
15 20 (0.61%) Drupal
16 18 (0.55%) IIS
Applications
1 46 (1.40%) Simulink
2 21 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (0.58%) Microsoft Project
4 18 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.36%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.30%) Photoshop
7 9 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.12%) Doxygen
8 4 (0.12%) InfoPath
8 4 (0.12%) InVision
8 4 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.091%) Autodesk Inventor
9 3 (0.091%) MicroStation
9 3 (0.091%) SOLIDWORKS
10 2 (0.061%) SPSS
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.030%) HipChat
11 1 (0.030%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.030%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 19 (0.58%) Magento
1 19 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
2 8 (0.24%) LabWindows
2 8 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.15%) SunGard GMI
4 4 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
5 3 (0.091%) BondVision
5 3 (0.091%) OpenText Process Suite
5 3 (0.091%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.061%) Maximo
6 2 (0.061%) MetaTrader
6 2 (0.061%) RMDS
6 2 (0.061%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.061%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.061%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.030%) Exstream
7 1 (0.030%) HFM
7 1 (0.030%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 499 (15.13%) Amazon AWS
2 256 (7.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 126 (3.82%) GitHub
4 65 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
5 64 (1.94%) Slack
6 54 (1.64%) Serverless
7 49 (1.49%) PaaS
8 42 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (1.06%) Google Cloud Platform
9 35 (1.06%) SaaS
10 28 (0.85%) IaaS
11 25 (0.76%) Amazon S3
11 25 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
12 24 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
12 24 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
13 20 (0.61%) npm
13 20 (0.61%) OpenShift
14 17 (0.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 13 (0.39%) Heroku
16 9 (0.27%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 135 (4.09%) HTTP
2 119 (3.61%) TCP/IP
3 59 (1.79%) SSL
4 48 (1.46%) Wireless
5 46 (1.40%) Internet
6 37 (1.12%) Wi-Fi
7 36 (1.09%) Bluetooth
8 28 (0.85%) Wireshark
9 26 (0.79%) DNS
10 22 (0.67%) Network Security
10 22 (0.67%) SMS
11 21 (0.64%) Firewall
12 20 (0.61%) ZigBee
13 18 (0.55%) LDAP
14 17 (0.52%) LTE
15 14 (0.42%) Ethernet
16 12 (0.36%) GSM
16 12 (0.36%) VLAN
17 11 (0.33%) VoIP
18 10 (0.30%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 385 (11.68%) MongoDB
2 374 (11.34%) NoSQL
3 261 (7.92%) SQL Server
4 195 (5.91%) MySQL
5 175 (5.31%) Relational Database
6 174 (5.28%) Big Data
7 158 (4.79%) Hadoop
7 158 (4.79%) PostgreSQL
8 130 (3.94%) Apache Cassandra
9 60 (1.82%) Redis
10 59 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
11 56 (1.70%) RDBMS
12 49 (1.49%) Apache Hive
13 47 (1.43%) Oracle Database
14 37 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 37 (1.12%) HBase
15 34 (1.03%) RavenDB
16 32 (0.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 24 (0.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 21 (0.64%) GIS
Development Applications
1 578 (17.53%) Git (software)
2 416 (12.62%) Jenkins
3 249 (7.55%) JIRA
4 188 (5.70%) Cucumber
5 165 (5.00%) Maven
6 147 (4.46%) JUnit
7 130 (3.94%) Subversion
8 126 (3.82%) Visual Studio
9 109 (3.31%) Selenium
10 106 (3.22%) TeamCity
11 93 (2.82%) Mockito
12 85 (2.58%) Eclipse
12 85 (2.58%) Octopus Deploy
13 78 (2.37%) Gradle
14 77 (2.34%) Grunt
15 76 (2.31%) Rational DOORS
16 74 (2.24%) IntelliJ
17 65 (1.97%) gulp
18 63 (1.91%) GitLab
19 62 (1.88%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 472 (14.32%) Finance
2 282 (8.55%) Banking
3 108 (3.28%) Front Office
4 104 (3.15%) Investment Banking
5 79 (2.40%) Electronics
6 76 (2.31%) Games
7 68 (2.06%) Retail
8 67 (2.03%) Automotive
8 67 (2.03%) Telecoms
9 55 (1.67%) Marketing
10 48 (1.46%) Publishing
11 47 (1.43%) Aerospace
12 39 (1.18%) Manufacturing
13 27 (0.82%) Advertising
14 25 (0.76%) Back Office
15 24 (0.73%) Law
15 24 (0.73%) Military
16 22 (0.67%) Avionics
17 18 (0.55%) Retail Banking
18 13 (0.39%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1512 (45.86%) Developer
2 1080 (32.76%) Software Engineer
3 474 (14.38%) Java Developer
4 231 (7.01%) Java Engineer
5 205 (6.22%) C# Developer
6 197 (5.98%) .NET Developer
7 195 (5.91%) Java Software Engineer
8 186 (5.64%) Senior Developer
9 178 (5.40%) Senior Software Engineer
10 167 (5.07%) DevOps Engineer
11 165 (5.00%) Embedded Engineer
12 157 (4.76%) Embedded Software Engineer
13 150 (4.55%) Agile Developer
14 149 (4.52%) JavaScript Developer
15 146 (4.43%) C++ Software Engineer
16 137 (4.16%) Architect
16 137 (4.16%) Software Developer
17 136 (4.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 116 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
19 112 (3.40%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 517 (15.68%) .NET
2 489 (14.83%) HTML
3 450 (13.65%) Web Services
4 428 (12.98%) CSS
5 427 (12.95%) Spring
6 420 (12.74%) AngularJS
7 366 (11.10%) Node.js
8 312 (9.46%) RESTful
9 303 (9.19%) REST
10 292 (8.86%) React
11 232 (7.04%) HTML5
12 210 (6.37%) JSON
13 185 (5.61%) ASP.NET
14 171 (5.19%) Hibernate
14 171 (5.19%) XML
15 153 (4.64%) jQuery
16 118 (3.58%) ASP.NET Web API
17 117 (3.55%) Spring Boot
18 109 (3.31%) CSS3
19 108 (3.28%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 239 (7.25%) Computer Science
2 200 (6.07%) Analytical Skills
3 195 (5.91%) User Experience
4 138 (4.19%) Greenfield Project
5 136 (4.12%) Algorithms
6 109 (3.31%) Mobile App
7 81 (2.46%) Data Structures
8 74 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
9 66 (2.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 59 (1.79%) Fintech
11 55 (1.67%) Fixed Income
12 53 (1.61%) Derivative
13 49 (1.49%) Embedded Systems
14 42 (1.27%) Virtual Team
15 38 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
16 37 (1.12%) Management Information System
17 35 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
18 32 (0.97%) Cloud Native
19 27 (0.82%) iPhone
20 25 (0.76%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 731 (22.17%) Linux
2 298 (9.04%) Windows
3 234 (7.10%) Unix
4 130 (3.94%) Apple iOS
5 128 (3.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 123 (3.73%) Android
7 49 (1.49%) Embedded Linux
8 46 (1.40%) Windows Server
9 33 (1.00%) CentOS
10 22 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
11 19 (0.58%) Ubuntu
11 19 (0.58%) VxWorks
12 18 (0.55%) Windows 7
13 16 (0.49%) Mac OS X
14 12 (0.36%) Debian
15 10 (0.30%) AIX
15 10 (0.30%) CoreOS
15 10 (0.30%) Solaris
15 10 (0.30%) Windows 10
15 10 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1716 (52.05%) Agile Software Development
2 938 (28.45%) TDD
3 761 (23.08%) Scrum
4 676 (20.50%) Continuous Integration
5 577 (17.50%) Test Automation
6 497 (15.07%) BDD
7 445 (13.50%) Microservices
8 421 (12.77%) DevOps
9 420 (12.74%) OO
10 341 (10.34%) MVC
11 312 (9.46%) SDLC
12 292 (8.86%) Kanban
13 284 (8.61%) Unit Testing
14 277 (8.40%) Open Source
15 268 (8.13%) Pair Programming
16 257 (7.79%) Configuration Management
17 231 (7.01%) Web Development
18 221 (6.70%) Mentoring
19 216 (6.55%) Continuous Delivery
20 209 (6.34%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 1287 (39.04%) Java
2 829 (25.14%) JavaScript
3 662 (20.08%) SQL
4 628 (19.05%) C#
5 518 (15.71%) Python
6 509 (15.44%) C++
7 376 (11.40%) C
8 250 (7.58%) Scala
9 132 (4.00%) Ruby
10 121 (3.67%) Embedded C
11 108 (3.28%) Groovy
12 98 (2.97%) Bash Shell
13 97 (2.94%) PHP
14 71 (2.15%) ES6
15 70 (2.12%) Perl
16 69 (2.09%) Go
16 69 (2.09%) Shell Script
17 65 (1.97%) Objective-C
17 65 (1.97%) PowerShell
18 56 (1.70%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 343 (10.40%) Degree
2 245 (7.43%) Security Cleared
3 166 (5.03%) SC Cleared
4 117 (3.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
6 31 (0.94%) DV Cleared
7 17 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
8 14 (0.42%) ISEB
8 14 (0.42%) ISTQB
9 11 (0.33%) PhD
10 8 (0.24%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
12 5 (0.15%) BC Cleared
12 5 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.12%) MCSD
14 3 (0.091%) PMI Certification
14 3 (0.091%) PMP
14 3 (0.091%) Postgraduate
15 2 (0.061%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 277 (8.40%) QA
2 49 (1.49%) MISRA
3 27 (0.82%) GDPR
4 22 (0.67%) DO-178B
5 19 (0.58%) PCI DSS
6 18 (0.55%) MISRA C
7 17 (0.52%) Data Quality
8 16 (0.49%) MiFID
9 12 (0.36%) Def Stans
10 11 (0.33%) GPG13
11 10 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
12 9 (0.27%) IEC 62304
12 9 (0.27%) ISO 26262
13 6 (0.18%) GCP
13 6 (0.18%) PMO
13 6 (0.18%) PSD2
14 5 (0.15%) JSP 440
15 4 (0.12%) MIL-STD-1553
15 4 (0.12%) SLA
16 3 (0.091%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 326 (9.89%) Docker
2 48 (1.46%) Active Directory
3 34 (1.03%) Firmware
4 31 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.52%) Xen
6 16 (0.49%) HDFS
7 13 (0.39%) KVM
8 10 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.27%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
10 8 (0.24%) LXC
10 8 (0.24%) vSphere
11 7 (0.21%) Apache Flume
11 7 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (0.21%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.18%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.12%) OpenAM
13 4 (0.12%) OpenIDM
13 4 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.091%) Cygwin
Systems Management
1 187 (5.67%) Puppet
2 181 (5.49%) Ansible
3 127 (3.85%) Opscode Chef
4 93 (2.82%) Kubernetes
5 76 (2.31%) Terraform
6 30 (0.91%) Kibana
7 27 (0.82%) logstash
8 25 (0.76%) Cobbler
9 21 (0.64%) Grafana
9 21 (0.64%) Packer
10 20 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
11 19 (0.58%) Rancher
12 18 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
13 16 (0.49%) Mesos
14 14 (0.42%) Nagios
15 9 (0.27%) Prometheus
16 8 (0.24%) Business Desktop Deployment
16 8 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
16 8 (0.24%) SCCM
17 7 (0.21%) SCOM
Vendors
1 294 (8.92%) Microsoft
2 248 (7.52%) Oracle
3 70 (2.12%) Google
4 67 (2.03%) Red Hat
5 66 (2.00%) New Relic
6 44 (1.33%) IBM
7 43 (1.30%) Adobe
7 43 (1.30%) VMware
8 37 (1.12%) Apple
9 34 (1.03%) Splunk
10 32 (0.97%) Atlassian
11 26 (0.79%) Talend
11 26 (0.79%) Xamarin
12 23 (0.70%) WSO2
13 22 (0.67%) TIBCO
14 20 (0.61%) HP
14 20 (0.61%) Sitecore
15 19 (0.58%) Cloudera
15 19 (0.58%) Coverity
15 19 (0.58%) Perforce