Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 36 43 54
Rank change year-on-year +7 +11 +13
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 4,141 1,840 3,962
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.73% 5.04% 4.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.46% 5.81% 4.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,907 1,306 2,330
10th Percentile £400 £380 £356
25th Percentile £450 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% +2.56%
75th Percentile £625 £650 £600
90th Percentile £700 £750 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £460 £449
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.51% +5.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 130 91 264
10th Percentile £36.13 £36.25 £38.75
25th Percentile £42.50 £41.25 £41.75
Median hourly rate £49.00 £46.50 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.38% +1.09% +6.98%
75th Percentile £56.13 £50.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.75 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £45.91 £45.75
% change year-on-year +3.46% +0.35% +7.65%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 64,123 31,648 80,298
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 88.72% 86.63% 87.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,133 21,124 53,652
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £406 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £580 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,711 915 2,205
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.42 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.58 £16.21 £14.38
Median hourly rate £23.31 £24.70 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.63% +9.78% +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.25 £46.02 £45.00
90th Percentile £60.87 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.65 £21.88 £22.75
% change year-on-year -5.62% -3.82% +19.74%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 3,438 £525 -4.55% 2,588
London +7 2,085 £550 -4.35% 975
UK excluding London +18 1,395 £475 +3.26% 1,778
Work from Home +22 1,264 £525 - 632
North of England +20 300 £426 -12.72% 488
South East +11 266 £490 +4.81% 396
South West +25 254 £500 +5.26% 210
North West +30 198 £405 -10.00% 292
Midlands +8 182 £450 +5.88% 268
Scotland +7 161 £475 +11.76% 114
East of England +14 155 £475 +5.56% 236
West Midlands +11 140 £489 +13.60% 174
Yorkshire -8 86 £450 -5.26% 144
Wales -1 62 £500 +5.26% 48
East Midlands -3 29 £363 -14.71% 93
North East -9 18 £525 -33.33% 52
Northern Ireland +13 16 £475 - 18

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,129 (51.41%) Agile Software Development
2 1,395 (33.69%) AWS
3 1,332 (32.17%) Java
4 1,263 (30.50%) JavaScript
5 1,065 (25.72%) Python
6 954 (23.04%) React
7 931 (22.48%) Azure
8 921 (22.24%) Finance
9 896 (21.64%) Docker
10 865 (20.89%) DevOps
11 817 (19.73%) Kubernetes
12 769 (18.57%) SQL
13 765 (18.47%) TDD
14 761 (18.38%) C#
15 754 (18.21%) Full Stack Development
16 751 (18.14%) Microservices
17 737 (17.80%) Node.js
18 701 (16.93%) .NET
19 676 (16.32%) Serverless
20 668 (16.13%) Social Skills
21 653 (15.77%) Git (software)
22 621 (15.00%) Scrum
23 579 (13.98%) TypeScript
24 577 (13.93%) Web Services
25 542 (13.09%) Test Automation
26 539 (13.02%) Jenkins
27 532 (12.85%) Terraform
28 495 (11.95%) AngularJS
29 487 (11.76%) C++
30 486 (11.74%) Linux

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (4.03%) Confluence
2 151 (3.65%) Apache
3 87 (2.10%) Apache Spark
4 84 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
5 76 (1.84%) SAS
6 61 (1.47%) SharePoint
7 54 (1.30%) WebLogic
8 50 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
9 42 (1.01%) BizTalk Server
10 35 (0.85%) Tomcat
11 28 (0.68%) CMS
12 27 (0.65%) Oracle Coherence
13 26 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
13 26 (0.63%) WebSphere
14 20 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 20 (0.48%) nginx
15 19 (0.46%) WordPress
16 15 (0.36%) Jetty
17 14 (0.34%) CICS
18 13 (0.31%) JBoss
Applications
1 29 (0.70%) Simulink
2 23 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
5 8 (0.19%) Figma
5 8 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.072%) Doxygen
7 3 (0.072%) InVision
7 3 (0.072%) Sketch
8 2 (0.048%) Stateflow
8 2 (0.048%) UserZoom
9 1 (0.024%) FrameMaker
9 1 (0.024%) GIMP
9 1 (0.024%) Mathcad
9 1 (0.024%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.024%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 17 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 6 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
4 5 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.072%) Magento
6 3 (0.072%) Sentinel
6 3 (0.072%) Summit
7 2 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.048%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.048%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 2 (0.048%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.024%) Cloudability
8 1 (0.024%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.024%) Eagle PACE
8 1 (0.024%) Front Arena
8 1 (0.024%) LabWindows
8 1 (0.024%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.024%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.024%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 1,395 (33.69%) AWS
2 931 (22.48%) Azure
3 676 (16.32%) Serverless
4 456 (11.01%) AWS Lambda
5 423 (10.21%) GCP
6 315 (7.61%) Amazon S3
7 225 (5.43%) Amazon SQS
8 194 (4.68%) AWS Step Functions
9 148 (3.57%) GitHub
10 106 (2.56%) AWS CloudFormation
11 99 (2.39%) Azure Functions
12 97 (2.34%) Power Platform
13 96 (2.32%) SaaS
14 86 (2.08%) IaaS
15 82 (1.98%) Amazon EC2
16 76 (1.84%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 75 (1.81%) PaaS
18 58 (1.40%) npm
19 57 (1.38%) OpenShift
20 54 (1.30%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 79 (1.91%) HTTP
2 43 (1.04%) TCP/IP
3 28 (0.68%) Ethernet
4 25 (0.60%) Internet
5 21 (0.51%) DNS
5 21 (0.51%) Firewall
5 21 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
5 21 (0.51%) Wireless
6 18 (0.43%) Network Security
7 16 (0.39%) SNMP
8 15 (0.36%) HTTPS
9 14 (0.34%) IPv4
10 13 (0.31%) AMQP
10 13 (0.31%) Bluetooth
10 13 (0.31%) WAN
11 12 (0.29%) IPv6
11 12 (0.29%) SSL
11 12 (0.29%) VoIP
11 12 (0.29%) ZigBee
12 11 (0.27%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 314 (7.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 242 (5.84%) MongoDB
3 236 (5.70%) SQL Server
4 228 (5.51%) NoSQL
5 226 (5.46%) PostgreSQL
6 215 (5.19%) Amazon RDS
7 194 (4.68%) Big Data
8 148 (3.57%) MySQL
9 142 (3.43%) Relational Database
10 97 (2.34%) Hadoop
11 78 (1.88%) Azure SQL Database
11 78 (1.88%) Power BI
12 64 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
12 64 (1.55%) Redis
13 57 (1.38%) Apache Hive
14 53 (1.28%) Oracle Database
15 46 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
15 46 (1.11%) Data Lake
16 42 (1.01%) Amazon Aurora
17 39 (0.94%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 653 (15.77%) Git (software)
2 539 (13.02%) Jenkins
3 333 (8.04%) JIRA
4 213 (5.14%) GitLab
5 170 (4.11%) Maven
6 120 (2.90%) Bitbucket
7 112 (2.70%) JUnit
8 108 (2.61%) Cucumber
9 85 (2.05%) Visual Studio
10 72 (1.74%) TeamCity
11 71 (1.71%) Gradle
12 70 (1.69%) Selenium
12 70 (1.69%) Subversion
13 69 (1.67%) webpack
14 68 (1.64%) Artifactory
15 61 (1.47%) Rational DOORS
16 54 (1.30%) Cypress.io
17 53 (1.28%) Mockito
18 50 (1.21%) SonarQube
19 47 (1.13%) Mocha
General
1 921 (22.24%) Finance
2 668 (16.13%) Social Skills
3 422 (10.19%) Front Office
4 314 (7.58%) Banking
5 258 (6.23%) Public Sector
6 198 (4.78%) Analytical Skills
7 114 (2.75%) Investment Banking
8 94 (2.27%) Retail
9 92 (2.22%) Marketing
10 90 (2.17%) Telecoms
11 87 (2.10%) Law
12 73 (1.76%) Manufacturing
13 67 (1.62%) Games
14 61 (1.47%) Influencing Skills
15 58 (1.40%) Electronics
16 45 (1.09%) Aerospace
17 42 (1.01%) Presentation Skills
18 34 (0.82%) Military
19 31 (0.75%) Automotive
20 26 (0.63%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,672 (40.38%) Developer
2 1,471 (35.52%) Software Engineer
3 349 (8.43%) React Developer
4 291 (7.03%) Java Developer
5 245 (5.92%) Java Engineer
6 208 (5.02%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 203 (4.90%) Full Stack Developer
8 197 (4.76%) Senior Developer
9 196 (4.73%) Senior Software Engineer
10 191 (4.61%) AWS Engineer
11 189 (4.56%) C# Developer
12 188 (4.54%) AWS Developer
13 186 (4.49%) Python Engineer
14 184 (4.44%) Python Developer
15 180 (4.35%) JavaScript Developer
16 176 (4.25%) Java Software Engineer
17 151 (3.65%) Software Developer
18 148 (3.57%) .NET Developer
19 145 (3.50%) DevOps Engineer
20 123 (2.97%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 954 (23.04%) React
2 737 (17.80%) Node.js
3 701 (16.93%) .NET
4 577 (13.93%) Web Services
5 495 (11.95%) AngularJS
6 427 (10.31%) Spring
7 339 (8.19%) HTML
8 338 (8.16%) REST
9 329 (7.94%) Kafka
10 314 (7.58%) CSS
11 307 (7.41%) Spring Boot
12 242 (5.84%) Material-UI
13 232 (5.60%) .NET Core
14 231 (5.58%) RESTful
15 181 (4.37%) Vue.js
16 179 (4.32%) GraphQL
17 155 (3.74%) HTML5
18 135 (3.26%) ASP.NET
19 104 (2.51%) XML
20 98 (2.37%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 267 (6.45%) User Experience
2 178 (4.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 175 (4.23%) Cloud Native
4 131 (3.16%) Algorithms
4 131 (3.16%) Greenfield Project
5 119 (2.87%) Derivative
6 118 (2.85%) Fixed Income
7 117 (2.83%) Equities
8 111 (2.68%) Data Structures
9 86 (2.08%) Hedge funds
10 77 (1.86%) Mobile App
11 72 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
12 71 (1.71%) Legacy Systems
13 57 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
14 51 (1.23%) Management Information System
15 41 (0.99%) Data Protection Act
16 39 (0.94%) Embedded Systems
17 36 (0.87%) Public Cloud
18 32 (0.77%) Virtual Team
19 30 (0.72%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 486 (11.74%) Linux
2 224 (5.41%) Unix
3 223 (5.39%) Windows
4 113 (2.73%) Android
5 76 (1.84%) Apple iOS
6 29 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
7 27 (0.65%) AIX
8 21 (0.51%) Windows Server
9 18 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 16 (0.39%) Mac OS X
11 14 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
12 13 (0.31%) OpenWrt
12 13 (0.31%) Windows 10
13 12 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 12 (0.29%) zOS
14 11 (0.27%) FreeRTOS
15 9 (0.22%) Windows XP
16 8 (0.19%) CentOS
17 7 (0.17%) Ubuntu
17 7 (0.17%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,129 (51.41%) Agile Software Development
2 865 (20.89%) DevOps
3 765 (18.47%) TDD
4 754 (18.21%) Full Stack Development
5 751 (18.14%) Microservices
6 621 (15.00%) Scrum
7 542 (13.09%) Test Automation
8 425 (10.26%) Continuous Integration
9 387 (9.35%) Asset Management
10 340 (8.21%) Problem-Solving
11 336 (8.11%) SDLC
12 316 (7.63%) Investment Management
13 297 (7.17%) OO
14 292 (7.05%) Software Testing
15 280 (6.76%) Analytics
16 277 (6.69%) Mentoring
17 251 (6.06%) BDD
18 250 (6.04%) Computer Science
19 237 (5.72%) Unit Testing
20 227 (5.48%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,332 (32.17%) Java
2 1,263 (30.50%) JavaScript
3 1,065 (25.72%) Python
4 769 (18.57%) SQL
5 761 (18.38%) C#
6 579 (13.98%) TypeScript
7 487 (11.76%) C++
8 255 (6.16%) Scala
9 247 (5.96%) C
10 246 (5.94%) Kotlin
11 226 (5.46%) Go
12 145 (3.50%) PL/SQL
13 114 (2.75%) Shell Script
14 107 (2.58%) Java 8
15 94 (2.27%) PHP
16 88 (2.13%) Ruby
17 87 (2.10%) Bash Shell
18 74 (1.79%) PowerShell
19 70 (1.69%) Perl
19 70 (1.69%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 486 (11.74%) Security Cleared
2 416 (10.05%) SC Cleared
3 361 (8.72%) Degree
4 70 (1.69%) DV Cleared
5 66 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
6 36 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
7 33 (0.80%) PhD
8 21 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
9 19 (0.46%) AWS Certification
10 14 (0.34%) ISTQB
11 12 (0.29%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.27%) SAS Certification
13 9 (0.22%) Master's Degree
13 9 (0.22%) Sun Certification
14 8 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 7 (0.17%) ISEB
16 6 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
17 5 (0.12%) CISSP
18 4 (0.097%) CCNA
18 4 (0.097%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 231 (5.58%) QA
2 96 (2.32%) Accessibility
3 22 (0.53%) DO-178B
4 16 (0.39%) GDPR
5 13 (0.31%) SLA
6 11 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.22%) WCAG
8 8 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
9 7 (0.17%) MiFID
9 7 (0.17%) MISRA
10 6 (0.14%) JTAG
11 5 (0.12%) IEC 61508
12 4 (0.097%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.072%) FedRAMP
13 3 (0.072%) ISO 9000
13 3 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 3 (0.072%) MISRA C
13 3 (0.072%) TickIT
14 2 (0.048%) Actionable Recommendations
14 2 (0.048%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 896 (21.64%) Docker
2 61 (1.47%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.72%) HDFS
4 21 (0.51%) Firmware
5 17 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 12 (0.29%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 12 (0.29%) RACF
7 9 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.17%) GridGain
8 7 (0.17%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 6 (0.14%) KVM
10 4 (0.097%) iptables
10 4 (0.097%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.097%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.097%) vSphere
10 4 (0.097%) Xen
11 3 (0.072%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.072%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.072%) Varnish
11 3 (0.072%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 817 (19.73%) Kubernetes
2 532 (12.85%) Terraform
3 189 (4.56%) Ansible
4 65 (1.57%) Grafana
5 61 (1.47%) Prometheus
6 59 (1.42%) Puppet
7 36 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
8 28 (0.68%) Kibana
9 18 (0.43%) MIIS
10 17 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
11 14 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
11 14 (0.34%) Oozie
12 12 (0.29%) Graphite
13 11 (0.27%) Packer
13 11 (0.27%) Rancher
13 11 (0.27%) Tivoli NetView
14 10 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
15 9 (0.22%) Kubeflow
15 9 (0.22%) Tivoli
16 8 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 326 (7.87%) Oracle
2 218 (5.26%) Microsoft
3 122 (2.95%) Google
4 60 (1.45%) SAP
5 53 (1.28%) Splunk
6 52 (1.26%) IBM
7 48 (1.16%) Atlassian
8 47 (1.13%) Databricks
9 44 (1.06%) MuleSoft
10 42 (1.01%) Informatica
11 39 (0.94%) Talend
12 36 (0.87%) Cloudera
12 36 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
13 35 (0.85%) Adobe
13 35 (0.85%) webMethods
14 32 (0.77%) New Relic
15 28 (0.68%) CA Agile Central
16 26 (0.63%) BEA
16 26 (0.63%) Pega
17 24 (0.58%) CA