Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 36 42 54
Rank change year-on-year +6 +12 +6
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 4,757 1,616 3,617
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.69% 5.26% 4.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.39% 6.04% 4.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,468 1,156 2,089
10th Percentile £403 £373 £357
25th Percentile £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year -2.27% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £638 £650 £600
90th Percentile £708 £750 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 134 62 243
10th Percentile £38.00 £35.58 £40.00
25th Percentile £44.36 £41.25 £42.00
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +8.57%
75th Percentile £58.74 £47.50 £51.00
90th Percentile £63.68 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +8.89% -5.26% +9.20%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,492 26,776 74,467
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.09% 87.09% 87.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,737 18,114 49,817
10th Percentile £319 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £458 £445 £438
% change year-on-year +2.81% +1.71% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,685 759 2,164
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.75 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.50 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.80 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.80% +11.11% +15.38%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.55 £22.50 £22.16
% change year-on-year -8.67% +1.55% +16.62%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 3,905 £550 - 2,763
London -4 2,298 £575 - 1,177
UK excluding London +22 1,571 £490 +8.89% 1,805
Work from Home +16 1,474 £525 +7.69% 698
North of England +22 373 £450 -2.70% 429
South East -7 272 £500 +10.46% 374
South West +37 268 £500 +11.11% 258
North West +19 235 £405 -9.09% 240
East of England +9 228 £500 +17.30% 249
Midlands +15 194 £490 +22.50% 270
West Midlands +28 158 £495 +21.10% 161
Scotland +1 148 £475 +11.76% 148
Yorkshire +10 123 £491 +3.42% 141
Wales +8 79 £508 +2.89% 57
East Midlands -25 31 £450 +11.80% 107
North East +12 25 £525 +5.00% 48
Northern Ireland 0 12 £475 +35.71% 21

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,428 (51.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,595 (33.53%) AWS
3 1,569 (32.98%) Java
4 1,419 (29.83%) JavaScript
5 1,143 (24.03%) Python
6 1,068 (22.45%) Azure
7 1,033 (21.72%) React
8 1,001 (21.04%) DevOps
9 986 (20.73%) Finance
10 976 (20.52%) Docker
11 924 (19.42%) SQL
12 904 (19.00%) Microservices
13 888 (18.67%) Kubernetes
14 861 (18.10%) C#
15 849 (17.85%) Node.js
16 835 (17.55%) Full Stack Development
17 809 (17.01%) TDD
18 789 (16.59%) .NET
19 758 (15.93%) Social Skills
20 746 (15.68%) Git (software)
21 729 (15.32%) Scrum
22 699 (14.69%) Serverless
23 676 (14.21%) TypeScript
24 665 (13.98%) Test Automation
25 605 (12.72%) Web Services
26 589 (12.38%) Terraform
27 579 (12.17%) Security Cleared
28 553 (11.62%) Jenkins
29 544 (11.44%) Linux
30 521 (10.95%) AngularJS

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 218 (4.58%) Confluence
2 126 (2.65%) Apache
3 91 (1.91%) Elasticsearch
4 84 (1.77%) SAS
5 80 (1.68%) Apache Spark
6 63 (1.32%) Apache Airflow
7 43 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
8 38 (0.80%) CMS
8 38 (0.80%) Tomcat
8 38 (0.80%) WebLogic
9 36 (0.76%) SharePoint
10 31 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
11 28 (0.59%) WebSphere
12 23 (0.48%) IIS
13 20 (0.42%) CICS
13 20 (0.42%) nginx
14 17 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 16 (0.34%) DataSynapse
15 16 (0.34%) JBoss
16 15 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 35 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.53%) Simulink
3 24 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.13%) FrameMaker
6 5 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.063%) Doxygen
8 2 (0.042%) Stateflow
9 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.021%) Figma
9 1 (0.021%) InVision
9 1 (0.021%) Mathcad
9 1 (0.021%) PlantUML
9 1 (0.021%) Sketch
9 1 (0.021%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 13 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.084%) Magento
3 4 (0.084%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.084%) SunGard Martini
4 3 (0.063%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.042%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 2 (0.042%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.042%) Shopify
5 2 (0.042%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.021%) Cloudability
6 1 (0.021%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.021%) Eikon
6 1 (0.021%) LabWindows
6 1 (0.021%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.021%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.021%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.021%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.021%) Summit
6 1 (0.021%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 1,595 (33.53%) AWS
2 1,068 (22.45%) Azure
3 699 (14.69%) Serverless
4 490 (10.30%) AWS Lambda
5 449 (9.44%) GCP
6 343 (7.21%) Amazon S3
7 254 (5.34%) Amazon SQS
8 203 (4.27%) AWS Step Functions
9 150 (3.15%) GitHub
10 123 (2.59%) SaaS
11 109 (2.29%) Amazon EC2
12 107 (2.25%) AWS CloudFormation
13 100 (2.10%) Azure Functions
14 91 (1.91%) Power Platform
15 89 (1.87%) IaaS
16 71 (1.49%) PaaS
17 69 (1.45%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 53 (1.11%) OpenShift
19 50 (1.05%) npm
20 46 (0.97%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 85 (1.79%) HTTP
2 43 (0.90%) TCP/IP
3 32 (0.67%) Network Security
4 31 (0.65%) Firewall
5 27 (0.57%) Ethernet
6 23 (0.48%) DNS
6 23 (0.48%) Internet
7 22 (0.46%) Wi-Fi
8 19 (0.40%) Wireless
9 18 (0.38%) Kerberos
10 17 (0.36%) HTTPS
10 17 (0.36%) IPv4
10 17 (0.36%) MQTT
11 16 (0.34%) WAN
12 14 (0.29%) AMQP
12 14 (0.29%) VoIP
13 13 (0.27%) Bluetooth
13 13 (0.27%) IPv6
14 11 (0.23%) SNMP
15 9 (0.19%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 347 (7.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 272 (5.72%) NoSQL
3 253 (5.32%) MongoDB
4 251 (5.28%) PostgreSQL
5 244 (5.13%) Amazon RDS
6 240 (5.05%) SQL Server
7 219 (4.60%) MySQL
8 166 (3.49%) Big Data
9 147 (3.09%) Relational Database
10 91 (1.91%) Hadoop
11 76 (1.60%) Azure SQL Database
12 74 (1.56%) Redis
13 72 (1.51%) Power BI
14 71 (1.49%) Apache Hive
15 64 (1.35%) Oracle Database
16 61 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
17 60 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
18 50 (1.05%) Amazon Athena
19 46 (0.97%) Data Lake
20 45 (0.95%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 746 (15.68%) Git (software)
2 553 (11.62%) Jenkins
3 373 (7.84%) JIRA
4 256 (5.38%) GitLab
5 183 (3.85%) Maven
6 129 (2.71%) Bitbucket
7 128 (2.69%) JUnit
8 106 (2.23%) Cucumber
9 95 (2.00%) Visual Studio
10 86 (1.81%) Gradle
10 86 (1.81%) Selenium
11 77 (1.62%) Artifactory
11 77 (1.62%) Subversion
12 72 (1.51%) TeamCity
13 67 (1.41%) SonarQube
14 65 (1.37%) Rational DOORS
15 64 (1.35%) Sonatype Nexus
16 61 (1.28%) Cypress.io
16 61 (1.28%) Mockito
17 57 (1.20%) webpack
General
1 986 (20.73%) Finance
2 758 (15.93%) Social Skills
3 464 (9.75%) Front Office
4 330 (6.94%) Banking
5 291 (6.12%) Public Sector
6 216 (4.54%) Analytical Skills
7 115 (2.42%) Marketing
8 114 (2.40%) Investment Banking
9 96 (2.02%) Retail
10 82 (1.72%) Law
11 75 (1.58%) Manufacturing
12 74 (1.56%) Presentation Skills
13 69 (1.45%) Electronics
14 67 (1.41%) Telecoms
15 55 (1.16%) Games
15 55 (1.16%) Influencing Skills
16 40 (0.84%) Aerospace
17 39 (0.82%) Military
18 38 (0.80%) Automotive
19 29 (0.61%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,948 (40.95%) Developer
2 1,727 (36.30%) Software Engineer
3 390 (8.20%) Java Developer
4 323 (6.79%) React Developer
5 320 (6.73%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 317 (6.66%) Java Engineer
7 256 (5.38%) Senior Developer
8 248 (5.21%) AWS Engineer
9 245 (5.15%) Senior Software Engineer
10 244 (5.13%) Python Developer
11 243 (5.11%) Python Engineer
12 236 (4.96%) C# Developer
13 219 (4.60%) Java Software Engineer
14 206 (4.33%) .NET Developer
15 205 (4.31%) Full Stack Developer
16 188 (3.95%) Software Developer
17 170 (3.57%) AWS Developer
18 166 (3.49%) JavaScript Engineer
18 166 (3.49%) Python Software Engineer
19 165 (3.47%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,033 (21.72%) React
2 849 (17.85%) Node.js
3 789 (16.59%) .NET
4 605 (12.72%) Web Services
5 521 (10.95%) AngularJS
6 476 (10.01%) Spring
7 413 (8.68%) REST
8 364 (7.65%) CSS
9 363 (7.63%) HTML
10 359 (7.55%) Spring Boot
11 351 (7.38%) Kafka
12 289 (6.08%) .NET Core
13 259 (5.44%) Material-UI
14 247 (5.19%) Vue.js
15 246 (5.17%) RESTful
16 174 (3.66%) GraphQL
17 151 (3.17%) HTML5
18 136 (2.86%) .NET Framework
19 134 (2.82%) ASP.NET
20 127 (2.67%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 300 (6.31%) User Experience
2 179 (3.76%) Cloud Native
3 175 (3.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 165 (3.47%) Derivative
5 155 (3.26%) Equities
6 146 (3.07%) Greenfield Project
7 141 (2.96%) Algorithms
7 141 (2.96%) Fixed Income
8 110 (2.31%) Data Structures
9 94 (1.98%) Hedge funds
10 89 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
11 78 (1.64%) Mobile App
12 71 (1.49%) Data Protection Act
13 66 (1.39%) Management Information System
14 61 (1.28%) Legacy Systems
15 52 (1.09%) Public Cloud
16 47 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
17 40 (0.84%) Embedded Systems
18 33 (0.69%) Credit Risk
19 30 (0.63%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 544 (11.44%) Linux
2 302 (6.35%) Windows
3 195 (4.10%) Unix
4 92 (1.93%) Android
5 72 (1.51%) Apple iOS
6 32 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.40%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
9 17 (0.36%) AIX
9 17 (0.36%) Windows XP
10 16 (0.34%) Windows 10
10 16 (0.34%) zOS
11 13 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 12 (0.25%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.19%) CentOS
13 9 (0.19%) Mac OS X
13 9 (0.19%) OpenWrt
14 7 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
14 7 (0.15%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.084%) SafeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,428 (51.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,001 (21.04%) DevOps
3 904 (19.00%) Microservices
4 835 (17.55%) Full Stack Development
5 809 (17.01%) TDD
6 729 (15.32%) Scrum
7 665 (13.98%) Test Automation
8 470 (9.88%) Continuous Integration
9 450 (9.46%) Asset Management
10 389 (8.18%) Problem-Solving
11 363 (7.63%) Analytics
12 356 (7.48%) Investment Management
13 345 (7.25%) SDLC
14 342 (7.19%) OO
15 334 (7.02%) Software Testing
16 293 (6.16%) BDD
17 291 (6.12%) Mentoring
18 278 (5.84%) Unit Testing
19 257 (5.40%) Continuous Delivery
20 254 (5.34%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,569 (32.98%) Java
2 1,419 (29.83%) JavaScript
3 1,143 (24.03%) Python
4 924 (19.42%) SQL
5 861 (18.10%) C#
6 676 (14.21%) TypeScript
7 516 (10.85%) C++
8 261 (5.49%) C
9 252 (5.30%) Go
10 239 (5.02%) Scala
11 237 (4.98%) Kotlin
12 154 (3.24%) Java 8
13 145 (3.05%) PL/SQL
14 120 (2.52%) PHP
15 111 (2.33%) Bash Shell
16 105 (2.21%) Shell Script
17 95 (2.00%) Ruby
18 88 (1.85%) Perl
19 84 (1.77%) Java 11
20 65 (1.37%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 579 (12.17%) Security Cleared
2 507 (10.66%) SC Cleared
3 383 (8.05%) Degree
4 88 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
5 85 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
6 56 (1.18%) DV Cleared
7 35 (0.74%) PhD
8 20 (0.42%) Master's Degree
9 19 (0.40%) Sun Certification
10 18 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
11 17 (0.36%) DBS Check
12 15 (0.32%) ISTQB
13 14 (0.29%) AWS Certification
13 14 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
14 12 (0.25%) CISSP
14 12 (0.25%) OCPJP
15 7 (0.15%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 7 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 7 (0.15%) SANS
16 6 (0.13%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 212 (4.46%) QA
2 100 (2.10%) Accessibility
3 24 (0.50%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.40%) DO-178B
5 14 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
5 14 (0.29%) GDPR
6 13 (0.27%) SLA
6 13 (0.27%) WCAG
7 12 (0.25%) IEC 61508
7 12 (0.25%) MISRA
8 9 (0.19%) MISRA C
9 7 (0.15%) NIST
10 6 (0.13%) Def Stans
10 6 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.13%) JTAG
10 6 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.11%) MiFID
12 4 (0.084%) NCSC
12 4 (0.084%) PMO
13 3 (0.063%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 976 (20.52%) Docker
2 67 (1.41%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.84%) HDFS
4 27 (0.57%) Firmware
5 24 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
6 18 (0.38%) NFS
7 16 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 15 (0.32%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 15 (0.32%) RACF
9 11 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 7 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
11 6 (0.13%) KVM
12 5 (0.11%) iptables
13 4 (0.084%) Hyper-V
13 4 (0.084%) Xen
14 3 (0.063%) Varnish
14 3 (0.063%) VirtualBox
14 3 (0.063%) vSphere
15 2 (0.042%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 888 (18.67%) Kubernetes
2 589 (12.38%) Terraform
3 215 (4.52%) Ansible
4 103 (2.17%) Grafana
5 82 (1.72%) Prometheus
6 79 (1.66%) Puppet
7 35 (0.74%) Kibana
8 24 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
9 22 (0.46%) Rancher
10 17 (0.36%) Packer
10 17 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
11 16 (0.34%) Graphite
12 15 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
13 14 (0.29%) MIIS
13 14 (0.29%) Tivoli NetView
14 12 (0.25%) Bosun
15 11 (0.23%) VictorOps
16 10 (0.21%) Consul
16 10 (0.21%) Oozie
17 9 (0.19%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 294 (6.18%) Oracle
2 249 (5.23%) Microsoft
3 123 (2.59%) Google
4 64 (1.35%) Splunk
5 52 (1.09%) IBM
6 49 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
7 48 (1.01%) Atlassian
7 48 (1.01%) Databricks
7 48 (1.01%) MuleSoft
7 48 (1.01%) SAP
7 48 (1.01%) Talend
8 47 (0.99%) Informatica
9 39 (0.82%) New Relic
10 36 (0.76%) Red Hat
11 35 (0.74%) Adobe
12 34 (0.71%) Cloudera
13 28 (0.59%) CA Agile Central
13 28 (0.59%) webMethods
14 27 (0.57%) VMware
15 19 (0.40%) CA