Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 69 69 82
Rank change year-on-year 0 +13 +18
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,242 3,124 2,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.23% 3.23% 2.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.83% 3.86% 3.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,128 1,940 1,662
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £344 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £370
% change year-on-year +1.19% +13.51% +2.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 260 272 352
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £32.95 £35.00 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.70 £51.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.38
% change year-on-year - +5.25% +0.95%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,708 80,985 88,418
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.85% 82.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,780 53,648 57,331
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,963 2,249 2,692
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £24.43 £23.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +4.29% +17.13%
10th Percentile £11.45 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.29 £24.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +1.21% -4.00% +25.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 2,970 £500 +11.11% 2,690
UK excluding London -3 1,656 £425 +1.19% 1,912
London +9 1,539 £525 +5.00% 949
North of England +22 445 £425 - 395
South East -7 439 £450 +5.88% 461
East of England -16 220 £400 - 405
Yorkshire +43 206 £430 +2.38% 165
North West +14 201 £425 - 199
South West -20 182 £400 -3.03% 238
Scotland +13 147 £375 +6.38% 89
Midlands -29 137 £399 +10.76% 242
West Midlands -29 76 £375 +4.17% 154
Wales -20 74 £418 -1.76% 43
North East +31 64 £425 -5.56% 31
East Midlands -13 54 £438 +29.63% 86
Northern Ireland -18 9 £460 - 37
Channel Islands - 3 - - 1

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,663 (51.30%) Agile Software Development
2 1,265 (39.02%) Java
3 905 (27.91%) TDD
4 842 (25.97%) JavaScript
5 709 (21.87%) Scrum
6 652 (20.11%) Linux
7 650 (20.05%) C#
8 629 (19.40%) SQL
8 629 (19.40%) Continuous Integration
9 596 (18.38%) Git (software)
10 564 (17.40%) BDD
11 547 (16.87%) Test Automation
12 528 (16.29%) .NET
13 525 (16.19%) HTML
14 509 (15.70%) Amazon AWS
15 501 (15.45%) C++
16 497 (15.33%) Python
17 479 (14.77%) Finance
18 472 (14.56%) Microservices
19 454 (14.00%) CSS
20 441 (13.60%) Jenkins
21 436 (13.45%) Web Services
22 418 (12.89%) Spring
23 412 (12.71%) DevOps
24 386 (11.91%) AngularJS
25 382 (11.78%) Degree
26 361 (11.14%) Node.js
27 348 (10.73%) NoSQL
28 338 (10.43%) C
29 337 (10.39%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (4.32%) Confluence
2 121 (3.73%) Apache Spark
3 105 (3.24%) Tomcat
4 101 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
5 88 (2.71%) Apache
6 84 (2.59%) JBoss
7 65 (2.00%) CMS
8 44 (1.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 42 (1.30%) Jetty
10 38 (1.17%) WebLogic
11 34 (1.05%) WebSphere
12 33 (1.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 30 (0.93%) nginx
13 30 (0.93%) NServiceBus
14 24 (0.74%) SharePoint
15 22 (0.68%) OpenStack
16 18 (0.56%) IIS
17 17 (0.52%) Apache Solr
17 17 (0.52%) Drupal
17 17 (0.52%) Mule
Applications
1 46 (1.42%) Simulink
2 31 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
4 18 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
5 14 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.28%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.22%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.19%) InfoPath
9 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.12%) InVision
9 4 (0.12%) Stateflow
10 3 (0.093%) Autodesk Inventor
10 3 (0.093%) MicroStation
10 3 (0.093%) SOLIDWORKS
10 3 (0.093%) TargetLink
11 2 (0.062%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.062%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.062%) OmniGraffle
11 2 (0.062%) SPSS
11 2 (0.062%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 20 (0.62%) Payment Gateway
2 17 (0.52%) Oracle BPM
3 14 (0.43%) Magento
4 8 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
5 5 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.15%) SunGard GMI
6 4 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.12%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.093%) BondVision
7 3 (0.093%) LabWindows
7 3 (0.093%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.062%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.062%) Maximo
8 2 (0.062%) MetaTrader
8 2 (0.062%) RMDS
8 2 (0.062%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.031%) HFM
9 1 (0.031%) OpenText Process Suite
9 1 (0.031%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 509 (15.70%) Amazon AWS
2 239 (7.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 120 (3.70%) GitHub
4 79 (2.44%) Slack
5 73 (2.25%) Amazon EC2
6 60 (1.85%) Serverless
7 56 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
7 56 (1.73%) Google Cloud Platform
8 40 (1.23%) Amazon S3
9 39 (1.20%) PaaS
10 35 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
10 35 (1.08%) SaaS
11 33 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
12 24 (0.74%) npm
13 23 (0.71%) IaaS
14 20 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
15 19 (0.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 16 (0.49%) Heroku
17 15 (0.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 12 (0.37%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 130 (4.01%) HTTP
2 110 (3.39%) TCP/IP
3 53 (1.63%) Internet
4 50 (1.54%) SSL
5 42 (1.30%) Wireless
6 33 (1.02%) Bluetooth
7 26 (0.80%) DNS
7 26 (0.80%) Wi-Fi
8 25 (0.77%) Wireshark
9 21 (0.65%) SMS
10 16 (0.49%) Firewall
11 15 (0.46%) LTE
12 14 (0.43%) Network Security
13 13 (0.40%) FTP
13 13 (0.40%) LDAP
13 13 (0.40%) VLAN
14 11 (0.34%) ZigBee
15 10 (0.31%) GSM
16 9 (0.28%) NAS
16 9 (0.28%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 348 (10.73%) NoSQL
2 335 (10.33%) MongoDB
3 232 (7.16%) SQL Server
4 186 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
5 176 (5.43%) Relational Database
6 165 (5.09%) MySQL
7 153 (4.72%) Big Data
8 139 (4.29%) Hadoop
9 96 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
10 72 (2.22%) Redis
11 60 (1.85%) RDBMS
12 55 (1.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 52 (1.60%) Oracle Database
14 50 (1.54%) Apache Hive
14 50 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
15 42 (1.30%) HBase
16 38 (1.17%) GIS
17 24 (0.74%) Oracle Database 11g
18 23 (0.71%) Oracle Database 10g
19 20 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 596 (18.38%) Git (software)
2 441 (13.60%) Jenkins
3 263 (8.11%) JIRA
4 236 (7.28%) Cucumber
5 184 (5.68%) Maven
6 154 (4.75%) JUnit
7 130 (4.01%) Selenium
8 114 (3.52%) Mockito
8 114 (3.52%) Subversion
9 109 (3.36%) Visual Studio
10 93 (2.87%) Gradle
11 89 (2.75%) TeamCity
12 78 (2.41%) Jasmine
13 74 (2.28%) Eclipse
14 71 (2.19%) Grunt
15 67 (2.07%) IntelliJ
15 67 (2.07%) Octopus Deploy
16 65 (2.00%) gulp
16 65 (2.00%) SonarQube
17 64 (1.97%) Rational DOORS
General
1 479 (14.77%) Finance
2 245 (7.56%) Banking
3 86 (2.65%) Electronics
4 85 (2.62%) Games
5 84 (2.59%) Front Office
6 77 (2.38%) Investment Banking
6 77 (2.38%) Telecoms
7 74 (2.28%) Retail
8 67 (2.07%) Automotive
9 64 (1.97%) Marketing
10 41 (1.26%) Publishing
11 40 (1.23%) Manufacturing
12 37 (1.14%) Law
13 36 (1.11%) Aerospace
14 26 (0.80%) Back Office
15 24 (0.74%) Advertising
16 21 (0.65%) Legal
17 19 (0.59%) Retail Banking
18 17 (0.52%) Military
19 10 (0.31%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 1,429 (44.08%) Developer
2 1,059 (32.67%) Software Engineer
3 481 (14.84%) Java Developer
4 247 (7.62%) Java Engineer
5 206 (6.35%) Java Software Engineer
6 185 (5.71%) C# Developer
7 178 (5.49%) .NET Developer
7 178 (5.49%) Senior Software Engineer
8 171 (5.27%) Senior Developer
9 155 (4.78%) JavaScript Developer
10 151 (4.66%) Embedded Engineer
11 146 (4.50%) DevOps Engineer
12 142 (4.38%) Embedded Software Engineer
13 138 (4.26%) C++ Software Engineer
14 134 (4.13%) Software Developer
15 131 (4.04%) Agile Developer
16 127 (3.92%) Architect
17 121 (3.73%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 91 (2.81%) C# .NET Developer
19 83 (2.56%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 528 (16.29%) .NET
2 525 (16.19%) HTML
3 454 (14.00%) CSS
4 436 (13.45%) Web Services
5 418 (12.89%) Spring
6 386 (11.91%) AngularJS
7 361 (11.14%) Node.js
8 335 (10.33%) REST
9 311 (9.59%) RESTful
10 298 (9.19%) React
11 240 (7.40%) HTML5
12 181 (5.58%) ASP.NET
13 171 (5.27%) JSON
14 167 (5.15%) XML
15 155 (4.78%) Hibernate
16 146 (4.50%) jQuery
17 128 (3.95%) .NET Framework
18 126 (3.89%) ASP.NET Web API
19 121 (3.73%) Spring Boot
20 116 (3.58%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 245 (7.56%) Computer Science
2 221 (6.82%) User Experience
3 179 (5.52%) Analytical Skills
4 150 (4.63%) Algorithms
5 135 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
6 105 (3.24%) Mobile App
7 78 (2.41%) Data Structures
8 76 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
9 59 (1.82%) Fintech
10 52 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 43 (1.33%) Virtual Team
12 37 (1.14%) Management Information System
13 36 (1.11%) Fixed Income
14 35 (1.08%) Derivative
15 33 (1.02%) Embedded Systems
16 31 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
17 25 (0.77%) Online Banking
18 22 (0.68%) Cloud Native
19 20 (0.62%) Equity Derivative
20 19 (0.59%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 652 (20.11%) Linux
2 283 (8.73%) Windows
3 201 (6.20%) Unix
4 116 (3.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 105 (3.24%) Apple iOS
6 104 (3.21%) Android
7 46 (1.42%) Windows Server
8 38 (1.17%) Embedded Linux
9 28 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
10 22 (0.68%) CentOS
11 21 (0.65%) Windows 7
12 20 (0.62%) VxWorks
13 15 (0.46%) Ubuntu
13 15 (0.46%) Windows 10
14 14 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
15 9 (0.28%) CoreOS
16 8 (0.25%) Mac OS X
16 8 (0.25%) Nucleus RTOS
16 8 (0.25%) VMS
17 5 (0.15%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,663 (51.30%) Agile Software Development
2 905 (27.91%) TDD
3 709 (21.87%) Scrum
4 629 (19.40%) Continuous Integration
5 564 (17.40%) BDD
6 547 (16.87%) Test Automation
7 472 (14.56%) Microservices
8 412 (12.71%) DevOps
9 337 (10.39%) OO
10 336 (10.36%) MVC
11 333 (10.27%) SDLC
12 294 (9.07%) Kanban
13 277 (8.54%) Open Source
14 255 (7.87%) Unit Testing
15 238 (7.34%) Mentoring
16 234 (7.22%) Configuration Management
17 233 (7.19%) Pair Programming
18 232 (7.16%) Continuous Delivery
19 209 (6.45%) Web Development
20 193 (5.95%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 1,265 (39.02%) Java
2 842 (25.97%) JavaScript
3 650 (20.05%) C#
4 629 (19.40%) SQL
5 501 (15.45%) C++
6 497 (15.33%) Python
7 338 (10.43%) C
8 243 (7.50%) Scala
9 158 (4.87%) Ruby
10 110 (3.39%) Groovy
11 95 (2.93%) Embedded C
12 86 (2.65%) Bash Shell
13 78 (2.41%) Go
14 77 (2.38%) PHP
14 77 (2.38%) Shell Script
15 74 (2.28%) ES6
16 64 (1.97%) PowerShell
17 59 (1.82%) MATLAB
18 58 (1.79%) PL/SQL
18 58 (1.79%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 382 (11.78%) Degree
2 243 (7.50%) Security Cleared
3 154 (4.75%) SC Cleared
4 124 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (1.42%) DV Cleared
6 27 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
7 19 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
8 18 (0.56%) ISEB
9 16 (0.49%) PhD
10 14 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
11 12 (0.37%) ISTQB
11 12 (0.37%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.15%) BC Cleared
12 5 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.12%) MCSD
13 4 (0.12%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.12%) PMP
14 3 (0.093%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 2 (0.062%) MCSE
15 2 (0.062%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (7.83%) QA
2 42 (1.30%) MISRA
3 33 (1.02%) GDPR
4 20 (0.62%) Data Quality
5 18 (0.56%) IEC 62304
5 18 (0.56%) PCI DSS
6 16 (0.49%) MISRA C
7 15 (0.46%) DO-178B
8 11 (0.34%) ISO 26262
8 11 (0.34%) MiFID
9 10 (0.31%) GCP
10 7 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.22%) PSD2
11 5 (0.15%) Def Stans
11 5 (0.15%) IEC 61508
11 5 (0.15%) PMO
12 4 (0.12%) GPG13
12 4 (0.12%) HL7
12 4 (0.12%) SLA
13 3 (0.093%) WCAG
System Software
1 337 (10.39%) Docker
2 53 (1.63%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.93%) Firmware
4 28 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.52%) HDFS
6 11 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
7 10 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.25%) vSphere
8 8 (0.25%) Xen
9 7 (0.22%) Apache Flume
9 7 (0.22%) VMware Workstation
10 5 (0.15%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
10 5 (0.15%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.093%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.093%) KVM
12 3 (0.093%) XenApp
13 2 (0.062%) LXC
13 2 (0.062%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 197 (6.08%) Puppet
2 182 (5.61%) Ansible
3 126 (3.89%) Opscode Chef
4 106 (3.27%) Kubernetes
5 84 (2.59%) Terraform
6 32 (0.99%) Cobbler
7 23 (0.71%) Kibana
8 21 (0.65%) logstash
9 19 (0.59%) Grafana
9 19 (0.59%) Mesos
9 19 (0.59%) Packer
10 17 (0.52%) HP Quality Center
11 14 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
12 13 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
12 13 (0.40%) Nagios
13 11 (0.34%) SCCM
14 9 (0.28%) Rancher
15 8 (0.25%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 8 (0.25%) Oozie
16 7 (0.22%) SCOM
Vendors
1 257 (7.93%) Microsoft
2 221 (6.82%) Oracle
3 86 (2.65%) Google
4 55 (1.70%) Adobe
5 54 (1.67%) New Relic
6 50 (1.54%) Red Hat
7 40 (1.23%) VMware
8 38 (1.17%) IBM
8 38 (1.17%) Splunk
9 34 (1.05%) Atlassian
10 28 (0.86%) Apple
11 26 (0.80%) Coverity
11 26 (0.80%) Xamarin
12 23 (0.71%) HP
13 22 (0.68%) Sitecore
13 22 (0.68%) TIBCO
14 21 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
15 19 (0.59%) Talend
16 17 (0.52%) Sybase
17 15 (0.46%) Hortonworks