Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 39 54 59
Rank change year-on-year +15 +5 +14
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,573 3,776 4,086
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.39% 4.25% 3.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.24% 4.90% 4.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,193 2,197 2,616
Median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.11%
10th Percentile £369 £356 £350
90th Percentile £750 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +6.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 255 297
Median hourly rate £44.00 £47.50 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.37% +9.20% -1.14%
10th Percentile £35.00 £40.00 £31.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +10.47% -2.27%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 25,197 77,001 89,584
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.40% 86.76% 87.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,870 50,495 59,128
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 908 2,295 2,470
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% +17.07% -14.58%
10th Percentile £12.68 £11.80 £11.17
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £31.00 £23.75 £20.00
% change year-on-year +30.53% +18.75% -16.67%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 1,429 £550 +10.00% 1,417
London +32 985 £575 +4.55% 525
UK excluding London -2 495 £450 - 1,001
Work from Home -11 202 £495 +10.00% 345
North of England +12 124 £463 +0.11% 260
South East +1 119 £453 +3.46% 237
East of England -2 75 £441 +3.82% 129
North West +18 69 £413 -10.81% 149
South West -33 61 £460 +2.22% 143
Midlands +21 50 £450 +5.88% 116
Yorkshire +9 48 £500 +11.11% 91
Scotland +11 40 £413 -2.94% 67
West Midlands +18 37 £463 +15.63% 61
Wales +6 26 £475 +5.56% 29
East Midlands +24 12 £400 -20.00% 55
North East +5 3 £500 +5.26% 20
Northern Ireland +2 1 - - 20

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 839 (53.34%) Agile Software Development
2 756 (48.06%) Java
3 672 (42.72%) AWS
4 601 (38.21%) Python
5 562 (35.73%) Finance
6 498 (31.66%) JavaScript
7 491 (31.21%) Web Services
8 452 (28.73%) DevOps
9 415 (26.38%) Azure
10 411 (26.13%) Asset Management
11 352 (22.38%) Front Office
12 346 (22.00%) AngularJS
13 337 (21.42%) Fixed Income
14 336 (21.36%) React
15 329 (20.92%) Derivative
16 309 (19.64%) Microservices
17 304 (19.33%) Banking
18 302 (19.20%) Equities
18 302 (19.20%) SQL
19 299 (19.01%) Hedge funds
20 283 (17.99%) GCP
21 279 (17.74%) Docker
21 279 (17.74%) Kubernetes
22 278 (17.67%) Investment Management
23 245 (15.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
24 230 (14.62%) C#
25 226 (14.37%) Vue.js
26 218 (13.86%) Jenkins
27 211 (13.41%) Serverless
28 196 (12.46%) Google

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (5.40%) Apache
2 50 (3.18%) Confluence
3 34 (2.16%) Apache Spark
4 29 (1.84%) CMS
5 27 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
6 20 (1.27%) SharePoint
6 20 (1.27%) Tomcat
7 18 (1.14%) WebLogic
8 13 (0.83%) Mule
9 11 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
9 11 (0.70%) Jupyter
9 11 (0.70%) SAS
10 10 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 8 (0.51%) IIS
12 6 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.32%) JBoss
14 4 (0.25%) Jadu
15 3 (0.19%) DNN
15 3 (0.19%) WebSphere
15 3 (0.19%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (0.57%) Simulink
2 8 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.38%) Sketch
5 4 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.13%) Doxygen
7 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.064%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.064%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.064%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.064%) Figma
8 1 (0.064%) InVision
8 1 (0.064%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.064%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.064%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.064%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.064%) Windchill
8 1 (0.064%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.64%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 5 (0.32%) Lawson
3 4 (0.25%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.13%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.064%) FINCAD Analytics
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle iRecruitment
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.064%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.064%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.064%) SunGard GMI
6 1 (0.064%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.064%) Temenos Triple'A Plus
Cloud Services
1 672 (42.72%) AWS
2 415 (26.38%) Azure
3 283 (17.99%) GCP
4 211 (13.41%) Serverless
5 194 (12.33%) AWS Lambda
6 132 (8.39%) Amazon S3
7 122 (7.76%) Amazon EC2
7 122 (7.76%) Amazon ECS
8 72 (4.58%) AWS CloudFormation
9 71 (4.51%) OpenShift
10 67 (4.26%) Amazon SQS
11 39 (2.48%) Apigee
12 35 (2.23%) GitHub
13 30 (1.91%) PaaS
14 29 (1.84%) SaaS
15 26 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
16 16 (1.02%) IaaS
16 16 (1.02%) npm
16 16 (1.02%) Slack
17 15 (0.95%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 47 (2.99%) SSL
2 42 (2.67%) TCP/IP
3 41 (2.61%) Wireless
4 33 (2.10%) Wi-Fi
5 27 (1.72%) Bluetooth
5 27 (1.72%) ZigBee
6 24 (1.53%) HTTP
6 24 (1.53%) HTTPS
7 20 (1.27%) DNS
8 18 (1.14%) Firewall
9 14 (0.89%) Reverse Proxy
10 11 (0.70%) Ethernet
11 9 (0.57%) 5G
12 7 (0.45%) DHCP
12 7 (0.45%) Internet
12 7 (0.45%) RS-485
13 6 (0.38%) RS-232
14 5 (0.32%) Modbus
14 5 (0.32%) WAN
15 4 (0.25%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 159 (10.11%) SQL Server
2 116 (7.37%) MySQL
3 115 (7.31%) Amazon Redshift
4 114 (7.25%) PostgreSQL
5 96 (6.10%) NoSQL
6 86 (5.47%) Amazon RDS
7 74 (4.70%) Relational Database
8 65 (4.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 53 (3.37%) Big Data
10 48 (3.05%) MongoDB
11 39 (2.48%) RDBMS
12 38 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
13 30 (1.91%) Amazon Aurora
14 27 (1.72%) Hadoop
15 17 (1.08%) Redis
16 15 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
16 15 (0.95%) Pentaho
17 11 (0.70%) Power BI
18 9 (0.57%) Oracle Database
19 8 (0.51%) KDB
Development Applications
1 218 (13.86%) Jenkins
2 173 (11.00%) Git (software)
3 101 (6.42%) Artifactory
4 91 (5.79%) GitLab
4 91 (5.79%) RStudio
5 81 (5.15%) JIRA
6 53 (3.37%) Maven
7 46 (2.92%) JUnit
8 34 (2.16%) Visual Studio
9 30 (1.91%) Cucumber
10 26 (1.65%) Eclipse
10 26 (1.65%) Selenium
11 21 (1.34%) Subversion
12 19 (1.21%) SonarQube
13 18 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
14 17 (1.08%) Mocha
14 17 (1.08%) Mockito
15 16 (1.02%) webpack
16 14 (0.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 14 (0.89%) Postman
General
1 562 (35.73%) Finance
2 352 (22.38%) Front Office
3 304 (19.33%) Banking
4 161 (10.24%) Investment Banking
5 76 (4.83%) Public Sector
6 51 (3.24%) Electronics
7 29 (1.84%) Telecoms
8 25 (1.59%) Law
9 17 (1.08%) Aerospace
10 16 (1.02%) Back Office
11 14 (0.89%) Marketing
11 14 (0.89%) Retail
12 12 (0.76%) Financial Institution
12 12 (0.76%) Manufacturing
13 11 (0.70%) Military
14 8 (0.51%) French Language
14 8 (0.51%) Games
14 8 (0.51%) Local Government
14 8 (0.51%) Publishing
15 4 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 717 (45.58%) Developer
2 624 (39.67%) Software Engineer
3 270 (17.16%) AWS Engineer
4 232 (14.75%) AWS Developer
5 228 (14.49%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 226 (14.37%) Java Developer
7 176 (11.19%) Java Engineer
8 150 (9.54%) AWS Software Engineer
9 146 (9.28%) Python Developer
10 138 (8.77%) Python Engineer
11 127 (8.07%) Java Software Engineer
12 112 (7.12%) JavaScript Developer
13 108 (6.87%) Java Software Developer
14 91 (5.79%) Python Software Engineer
15 82 (5.21%) DevOps Engineer
16 74 (4.70%) JavaScript Engineer
17 71 (4.51%) Embedded Engineer
17 71 (4.51%) Senior Developer
18 70 (4.45%) Embedded Software Engineer
19 66 (4.20%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 491 (31.21%) Web Services
2 346 (22.00%) AngularJS
3 336 (21.36%) React
4 226 (14.37%) Vue.js
5 186 (11.82%) Node.js
6 184 (11.70%) .NET
7 154 (9.79%) Spring
8 142 (9.03%) HTML
9 121 (7.69%) CSS
10 102 (6.48%) J2EE
11 96 (6.10%) REST
12 84 (5.34%) gRPC
12 84 (5.34%) RESTful
13 80 (5.09%) ASP.NET
14 79 (5.02%) .NET Core
15 74 (4.70%) Spring Boot
16 72 (4.58%) Kafka
17 63 (4.01%) J2SE
18 57 (3.62%) Swagger
19 55 (3.50%) ASP.NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 337 (21.42%) Fixed Income
2 329 (20.92%) Derivative
3 302 (19.20%) Equities
4 299 (19.01%) Hedge funds
5 245 (15.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 105 (6.68%) Analytical Skills
7 91 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
8 69 (4.39%) User Experience
9 37 (2.35%) Algorithms
10 34 (2.16%) Mobile App
11 32 (2.03%) Device Driver
12 31 (1.97%) Public Cloud
13 27 (1.72%) Management Information System
14 25 (1.59%) Cloud Native
14 25 (1.59%) Data Structures
14 25 (1.59%) Home Automation
15 24 (1.53%) Blog
16 21 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
17 19 (1.21%) Virtual Team
18 17 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 146 (9.28%) Linux
2 65 (4.13%) Windows
3 47 (2.99%) Unix
4 37 (2.35%) Android
5 32 (2.03%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.76%) Embedded Linux
7 8 (0.51%) CentOS
7 8 (0.51%) OpenVMS
8 7 (0.45%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.32%) FreeRTOS
9 5 (0.32%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
9 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.25%) Debian
10 4 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.25%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.064%) VMS
12 1 (0.064%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 839 (53.34%) Agile Software Development
2 452 (28.73%) DevOps
3 411 (26.13%) Asset Management
4 309 (19.64%) Microservices
5 278 (17.67%) Investment Management
6 177 (11.25%) TDD
7 157 (9.98%) Decision-Making
8 126 (8.01%) Test Automation
9 122 (7.76%) Continuous Integration
10 120 (7.63%) Computer Science
10 120 (7.63%) Scrum
11 115 (7.31%) Fintech
12 110 (6.99%) Problem-Solving
13 108 (6.87%) SDLC
14 102 (6.48%) Portfolio Management
15 99 (6.29%) Business Analysis
16 98 (6.23%) Analytics
16 98 (6.23%) Migration
17 96 (6.10%) Mentoring
17 96 (6.10%) OO
Programming Languages
1 756 (48.06%) Java
2 601 (38.21%) Python
3 498 (31.66%) JavaScript
4 302 (19.20%) SQL
5 230 (14.62%) C#
6 179 (11.38%) C++
7 142 (9.03%) C
8 118 (7.50%) Kotlin
9 98 (6.23%) Scala
10 79 (5.02%) R
11 69 (4.39%) Go
12 61 (3.88%) Java 8
13 56 (3.56%) TypeScript
14 38 (2.42%) Bash Shell
15 36 (2.29%) Embedded C++
16 29 (1.84%) PHP
16 29 (1.84%) PowerShell
17 25 (1.59%) Embedded C
18 23 (1.46%) PL/SQL
19 22 (1.40%) ES6
Qualifications
1 168 (10.68%) Security Cleared
2 142 (9.03%) SC Cleared
3 124 (7.88%) Degree
4 33 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (1.02%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (0.83%) Master's Degree
7 11 (0.70%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 10 (0.64%) ISTQB
9 8 (0.51%) AWS Certification
9 8 (0.51%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.38%) PhD
11 5 (0.32%) ISEB
12 3 (0.19%) HND
12 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.19%) MySQL Certification
13 2 (0.13%) HNC
13 2 (0.13%) MCP
13 2 (0.13%) PMP
13 2 (0.13%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (3.62%) QA
2 15 (0.95%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.64%) GDPR
4 5 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.32%) PSD2
5 3 (0.19%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.19%) MISRA
5 3 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.19%) WCAG
6 1 (0.064%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.064%) HL7
6 1 (0.064%) IEC 62304
6 1 (0.064%) ISO 9000
6 1 (0.064%) JTAG
6 1 (0.064%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.064%) PMO
6 1 (0.064%) SLA
6 1 (0.064%) TickIT
System Software
1 279 (17.74%) Docker
2 17 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.83%) Firmware
4 8 (0.51%) vSphere
5 5 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.19%) GridGain
7 3 (0.19%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.13%) DFS Replication
8 2 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.064%) HDFS
9 1 (0.064%) ProxySG
9 1 (0.064%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.064%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.064%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 279 (17.74%) Kubernetes
2 170 (10.81%) Terraform
3 56 (3.56%) Ansible
4 36 (2.29%) Prometheus
5 31 (1.97%) Puppet
6 20 (1.27%) Zipkin
7 13 (0.83%) Packer
8 12 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.64%) Kibana
10 9 (0.57%) Consul
11 7 (0.45%) Grafana
12 6 (0.38%) Graphite
13 4 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
13 4 (0.25%) ITRS Geneos
13 4 (0.25%) Nagios
13 4 (0.25%) SCCM
13 4 (0.25%) Tivoli
14 3 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
14 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
14 3 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 196 (12.46%) Google
2 152 (9.66%) Oracle
3 89 (5.66%) Microsoft
4 41 (2.61%) Splunk
5 21 (1.34%) Cloudera
5 21 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (1.14%) Bloomberg
6 18 (1.14%) MuleSoft
6 18 (1.14%) SAP
7 16 (1.02%) AppDynamics
7 16 (1.02%) Sybase
8 15 (0.95%) F5
9 14 (0.89%) IBM
10 11 (0.70%) Atlassian
10 11 (0.70%) Informatica
10 11 (0.70%) Tableau
11 10 (0.64%) Apple
11 10 (0.64%) Blue Coat
11 10 (0.64%) Databricks
12 9 (0.57%) Adobe