Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 38 51 58
Rank change year-on-year +13 +7 +15
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,959 3,410 4,142
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.39% 4.18% 4.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.26% 4.85% 4.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,573 1,987 2,616
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £361 £360 £350
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £443 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -1.67% - +8.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 246 297
Median hourly rate £44.00 £46.50 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.38% +6.29% +2.34%
10th Percentile £35.00 £40.00 £32.20
90th Percentile £54.75 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.25 £44.00
% change year-on-year -0.55% +2.84% +3.53%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,273 70,274 89,860
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.03% 86.16% 87.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,569 45,910 59,487
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £298 £294 £300
90th Percentile £660 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -1.71% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,178 2,254 2,327
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% +9.09% -4.35%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.50
Median hourly rate £27.50 £22.50 £21.09
% change year-on-year +22.22% +6.69% -10.26%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 1,744 £525 +2.44% 1,699
London +31 1,141 £550 - 689
UK excluding London 0 631 £443 -1.67% 1,161
Work from Home -3 393 £495 +5.32% 438
North of England +13 159 £450 -4.76% 301
South East +5 145 £436 -3.06% 267
North West +29 94 £425 -5.56% 178
South West -15 94 £454 +0.83% 153
East of England -1 89 £416 -2.06% 159
Midlands +47 71 £400 -11.11% 127
Yorkshire -2 55 £450 -5.26% 97
Scotland +11 45 £425 +3.03% 107
West Midlands +49 39 £400 -11.11% 69
East Midlands +26 27 £403 -10.56% 58
Wales +8 25 £490 +8.89% 28
North East -1 9 £488 +4.56% 26
Northern Ireland +1 4 £480 -16.52% 19

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,007 (51.40%) Agile Software Development
2 832 (42.47%) Java
3 795 (40.58%) AWS
4 735 (37.52%) Python
5 676 (34.51%) JavaScript
6 630 (32.16%) Finance
7 543 (27.72%) Web Services
8 460 (23.48%) DevOps
9 451 (23.02%) Azure
10 442 (22.56%) React
11 432 (22.05%) Asset Management
12 396 (20.21%) AngularJS
13 379 (19.35%) Docker
14 373 (19.04%) Front Office
15 360 (18.38%) SQL
16 359 (18.33%) Microservices
17 329 (16.79%) Derivative
18 327 (16.69%) Kubernetes
19 323 (16.49%) Fixed Income
20 307 (15.67%) Equities
21 301 (15.36%) Serverless
22 298 (15.21%) GCP
23 285 (14.55%) Node.js
24 284 (14.50%) Investment Management
25 275 (14.04%) C#
26 265 (13.53%) TDD
27 262 (13.37%) C++
28 258 (13.17%) Banking
29 252 (12.86%) Terraform
30 249 (12.71%) Jenkins

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (7.04%) Apache
2 59 (3.01%) Apache Spark
2 59 (3.01%) Confluence
3 46 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
4 29 (1.48%) WebLogic
5 27 (1.38%) CMS
6 20 (1.02%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (0.71%) WebSphere
8 13 (0.66%) Jupyter
8 13 (0.66%) Mule
9 12 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
10 6 (0.31%) JBoss
10 6 (0.31%) SAS
10 6 (0.31%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.26%) CICS
11 5 (0.26%) DNN
11 5 (0.26%) IIS
11 5 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.20%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 11 (0.56%) Simulink
2 7 (0.36%) Sketch
3 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.20%) Gephi
4 4 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
5 3 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.10%) InVision
6 2 (0.10%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.051%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.051%) Autodesk Inventor
7 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.051%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.051%) PTC Creo
7 1 (0.051%) Siemens NX
7 1 (0.051%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 5 (0.26%) Lawson
2 4 (0.20%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.10%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.051%) Exstream
5 1 (0.051%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle iRecruitment
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.051%) SunGard GMI
5 1 (0.051%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.051%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 795 (40.58%) AWS
2 451 (23.02%) Azure
3 301 (15.36%) Serverless
4 298 (15.21%) GCP
5 236 (12.05%) AWS Lambda
6 160 (8.17%) Amazon S3
7 124 (6.33%) Amazon EC2
8 105 (5.36%) Amazon ECS
9 86 (4.39%) GitHub
10 71 (3.62%) Amazon SQS
11 60 (3.06%) AWS CloudFormation
12 55 (2.81%) OpenShift
13 40 (2.04%) SaaS
14 39 (1.99%) Apigee
14 39 (1.99%) PaaS
15 35 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
16 26 (1.33%) npm
17 23 (1.17%) AWS Step Functions
18 19 (0.97%) IaaS
19 18 (0.92%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.55%) TCP/IP
2 40 (2.04%) Wireless
3 38 (1.94%) HTTP
4 33 (1.68%) SSL
5 30 (1.53%) Wi-Fi
6 23 (1.17%) Ethernet
7 22 (1.12%) DNS
8 21 (1.07%) Bluetooth
9 20 (1.02%) ZigBee
10 19 (0.97%) Firewall
11 14 (0.71%) Reverse Proxy
12 11 (0.56%) HTTPS
13 10 (0.51%) 5G
14 9 (0.46%) FTP
15 8 (0.41%) Internet
15 8 (0.41%) WAN
16 7 (0.36%) LTE
16 7 (0.36%) RS-485
16 7 (0.36%) SNMP
17 6 (0.31%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (7.40%) SQL Server
2 112 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
3 111 (5.67%) MySQL
4 109 (5.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 91 (4.65%) NoSQL
6 86 (4.39%) Amazon Redshift
6 86 (4.39%) Big Data
7 79 (4.03%) Relational Database
8 77 (3.93%) Amazon RDS
9 72 (3.68%) MongoDB
10 51 (2.60%) Apache Ignite
11 37 (1.89%) Data Warehouse
12 33 (1.68%) RDBMS
13 24 (1.23%) Redis
14 23 (1.17%) Hadoop
15 22 (1.12%) Amazon Aurora
16 20 (1.02%) Neo4j
17 14 (0.71%) Tableau
18 13 (0.66%) Pentaho
19 12 (0.61%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 249 (12.71%) Jenkins
2 205 (10.46%) Git (software)
3 118 (6.02%) GitLab
4 101 (5.16%) JIRA
5 90 (4.59%) Artifactory
6 66 (3.37%) Maven
7 52 (2.65%) RStudio
8 49 (2.50%) JUnit
9 42 (2.14%) Cucumber
10 37 (1.89%) Selenium
10 37 (1.89%) Visual Studio
11 32 (1.63%) Subversion
12 30 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 29 (1.48%) Sonatype Nexus
14 28 (1.43%) Cypress.io
15 26 (1.33%) Eclipse
16 25 (1.28%) Gradle
16 25 (1.28%) webpack
17 20 (1.02%) Ant
17 20 (1.02%) CA Gen
General
1 630 (32.16%) Finance
2 373 (19.04%) Front Office
3 258 (13.17%) Banking
4 114 (5.82%) Investment Banking
5 102 (5.21%) Public Sector
6 55 (2.81%) Electronics
7 44 (2.25%) Law
8 43 (2.19%) Telecoms
9 32 (1.63%) Marketing
10 29 (1.48%) Manufacturing
11 21 (1.07%) Aerospace
11 21 (1.07%) Retail
12 16 (0.82%) Military
13 14 (0.71%) Back Office
13 14 (0.71%) Games
14 8 (0.41%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.36%) French Language
15 7 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.36%) Publishing
16 5 (0.26%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 876 (44.72%) Developer
2 815 (41.60%) Software Engineer
3 293 (14.96%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 229 (11.69%) AWS Engineer
5 196 (10.01%) Java Developer
6 184 (9.39%) Java Engineer
7 179 (9.14%) Python Developer
8 174 (8.88%) AWS Developer
9 163 (8.32%) Python Engineer
10 138 (7.04%) JavaScript Developer
11 137 (6.99%) Java Software Engineer
12 124 (6.33%) AWS Software Engineer
13 120 (6.13%) Python Software Engineer
14 114 (5.82%) DevOps Engineer
15 95 (4.85%) Java Software Developer
16 93 (4.75%) React Developer
17 85 (4.34%) Software Developer
18 80 (4.08%) Embedded Engineer
19 79 (4.03%) Embedded Software Engineer
20 78 (3.98%) JavaScript Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 543 (27.72%) Web Services
2 442 (22.56%) React
3 396 (20.21%) AngularJS
4 285 (14.55%) Node.js
5 232 (11.84%) .NET
6 229 (11.69%) Vue.js
7 184 (9.39%) Spring
8 158 (8.07%) HTML
9 137 (6.99%) CSS
10 125 (6.38%) REST
11 118 (6.02%) Kafka
12 104 (5.31%) gRPC
13 100 (5.10%) Spring Boot
14 92 (4.70%) RESTful
15 87 (4.44%) .NET Core
16 78 (3.98%) J2EE
17 75 (3.83%) Redux
18 67 (3.42%) HTML5
19 57 (2.91%) ASP.NET
20 53 (2.71%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 329 (16.79%) Derivative
2 323 (16.49%) Fixed Income
3 307 (15.67%) Equities
4 247 (12.61%) Hedge funds
5 221 (11.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 101 (5.16%) Analytical Skills
7 96 (4.90%) User Experience
8 89 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
9 55 (2.81%) Blog
10 52 (2.65%) Algorithms
11 45 (2.30%) Mobile App
12 39 (1.99%) Cloud Native
13 34 (1.74%) Data Structures
14 28 (1.43%) Device Driver
15 23 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
16 22 (1.12%) Management Information System
17 21 (1.07%) Credit Derivative
17 21 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
17 21 (1.07%) Public Cloud
18 16 (0.82%) Home Automation
Operating Systems
1 225 (11.49%) Linux
2 79 (4.03%) Windows
3 71 (3.62%) Unix
4 46 (2.35%) Android
5 34 (1.74%) Apple iOS
6 20 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (0.87%) Embedded Linux
8 11 (0.56%) AIX
9 10 (0.51%) CentOS
10 8 (0.41%) OpenVMS
10 8 (0.41%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.31%) FreeRTOS
12 4 (0.20%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.20%) Windows Server
13 3 (0.15%) Debian
14 2 (0.10%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.10%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.051%) SafeRTOS
15 1 (0.051%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.051%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,007 (51.40%) Agile Software Development
2 460 (23.48%) DevOps
3 432 (22.05%) Asset Management
4 359 (18.33%) Microservices
5 284 (14.50%) Investment Management
6 265 (13.53%) TDD
7 183 (9.34%) Scrum
8 166 (8.47%) Test Automation
9 144 (7.35%) Computer Science
10 142 (7.25%) Open Source
11 134 (6.84%) Continuous Integration
12 133 (6.79%) Problem-Solving
13 121 (6.18%) SDLC
14 115 (5.87%) BDD
15 114 (5.82%) Analytics
16 110 (5.62%) Decision-Making
16 110 (5.62%) OO
17 108 (5.51%) Unit Testing
18 104 (5.31%) Fintech
19 92 (4.70%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 832 (42.47%) Java
2 735 (37.52%) Python
3 676 (34.51%) JavaScript
4 360 (18.38%) SQL
5 275 (14.04%) C#
6 262 (13.37%) C++
7 197 (10.06%) Kotlin
8 175 (8.93%) C
9 136 (6.94%) TypeScript
10 125 (6.38%) Scala
11 89 (4.54%) Go
12 75 (3.83%) R
13 59 (3.01%) Bash Shell
14 58 (2.96%) Java 8
15 50 (2.55%) PHP
16 49 (2.50%) PowerShell
17 39 (1.99%) Embedded C
18 36 (1.84%) Embedded C++
18 36 (1.84%) PL/SQL
19 32 (1.63%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 193 (9.85%) Security Cleared
2 171 (8.73%) Degree
3 151 (7.71%) SC Cleared
4 43 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (1.38%) DV Cleared
6 21 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
6 21 (1.07%) Master's Degree
6 21 (1.07%) PhD
7 12 (0.61%) AWS Certification
7 12 (0.61%) DBS Check
8 10 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (0.46%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.41%) HNC
10 8 (0.41%) HND
11 6 (0.31%) ISEB
11 6 (0.31%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 4 (0.20%) VCAP
12 4 (0.20%) VCDX
12 4 (0.20%) VCP6
13 3 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (2.81%) QA
2 15 (0.77%) GDPR
3 11 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.36%) Dublin Core
6 5 (0.26%) PSD2
7 4 (0.20%) MISRA
7 4 (0.20%) OASIS TOSCA
7 4 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.20%) SLA
8 3 (0.15%) DO-178B
9 2 (0.10%) NIST
9 2 (0.10%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.051%) COREP
10 1 (0.051%) CRD IV
10 1 (0.051%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.051%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.051%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.051%) PMO
10 1 (0.051%) WCAG
System Software
1 379 (19.35%) Docker
2 18 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.56%) Firmware
4 8 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.31%) vSphere
7 5 (0.26%) Time Sharing Option
8 4 (0.20%) HDFS
8 4 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.15%) GridGain
10 2 (0.10%) Ceph
10 2 (0.10%) NFS
11 1 (0.051%) etcd
11 1 (0.051%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.051%) ProxySG
11 1 (0.051%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.051%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 327 (16.69%) Kubernetes
2 252 (12.86%) Terraform
3 90 (4.59%) Ansible
4 49 (2.50%) Puppet
5 26 (1.33%) Prometheus
6 22 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.61%) Grafana
7 12 (0.61%) Packer
8 11 (0.56%) Graphite
9 9 (0.46%) Consul
10 8 (0.41%) Kibana
11 5 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (0.26%) ITRS Geneos
11 5 (0.26%) Salt
11 5 (0.26%) Tivoli
11 5 (0.26%) Zipkin
12 4 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.15%) logstash
13 3 (0.15%) Nagios
Vendors
1 164 (8.37%) Google
2 155 (7.91%) Oracle
3 87 (4.44%) Microsoft
4 52 (2.65%) Splunk
5 34 (1.74%) Bloomberg
6 31 (1.58%) MuleSoft
7 27 (1.38%) IBM
8 25 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
8 25 (1.28%) SAP
9 17 (0.87%) AppDynamics
10 16 (0.82%) Atlassian
10 16 (0.82%) Talend
11 15 (0.77%) CA
11 15 (0.77%) Sybase
12 14 (0.71%) Cloudera
12 14 (0.71%) F5
13 13 (0.66%) Apple
13 13 (0.66%) Red Hat
14 12 (0.61%) Informatica
14 12 (0.61%) VMware