Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 61 71
Rank change year-on-year +9 +10 +6
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,494 4,142 3,355
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.19% 3.99% 3.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.87% 4.59% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,991 2,565 2,199
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £360 £350 £327
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 294 261
UK median hourly rate £46.50 £43.88 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.98% +2.03% +1.18%
10th Percentile £40.00 £32.50 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.25 £43.88 £42.75
% change year-on-year +5.41% +2.63% +1.18%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,726 90,294 88,700
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.07% 86.87% 86.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,964 59,697 58,933
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,292 2,344 2,136
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.11
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -4.79% +2.70%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% -12.50% +6.67%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 3,242 £506 +1.25% 2,684
UK excluding London +4 1,804 £450 - 1,950
London +19 1,625 £550 +4.76% 936
South East -5 503 £450 -5.26% 513
South West +17 440 £450 - 305
North of England -8 320 £473 +6.18% 380
East of England +15 240 £425 -5.56% 337
North West -4 149 £450 +2.56% 187
Yorkshire -10 127 £475 +6.74% 146
Scotland -21 110 £425 -8.11% 142
Midlands -12 107 £450 +6.51% 218
Wales -12 67 £450 +7.78% 40
West Midlands -18 56 £450 - 131
East Midlands +12 49 £450 +28.39% 87
North East -10 44 £466 +0.81% 47
Northern Ireland +16 18 £575 +51.32% 21

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,604 (45.91%) Agile Software Development
2 1,213 (34.72%) Java
3 980 (28.05%) Python
4 830 (23.76%) JavaScript
4 830 (23.76%) C++
5 775 (22.18%) C#
6 766 (21.92%) AWS
7 683 (19.55%) DevOps
8 673 (19.26%) Finance
9 652 (18.66%) Linux
10 631 (18.06%) Microservices
11 572 (16.37%) .NET
12 558 (15.97%) SQL
13 545 (15.60%) Web Services
14 531 (15.20%) TDD
15 523 (14.97%) C
16 518 (14.83%) Azure
16 518 (14.83%) Docker
17 479 (13.71%) Security Cleared
18 448 (12.82%) Git (software)
19 445 (12.74%) Scrum
20 439 (12.56%) Node.js
21 415 (11.88%) React
22 414 (11.85%) Continuous Integration
23 406 (11.62%) Test Automation
24 380 (10.88%) AngularJS
25 376 (10.76%) Kubernetes
26 350 (10.02%) SC Cleared
27 349 (9.99%) Degree
28 326 (9.33%) Jenkins

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (3.32%) Apache Spark
2 103 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
3 81 (2.32%) Confluence
4 72 (2.06%) Apache
5 36 (1.03%) Tomcat
6 32 (0.92%) JBoss
7 28 (0.80%) CMS
8 27 (0.77%) IIS
9 25 (0.72%) SAS
10 23 (0.66%) Jupyter
11 20 (0.57%) nginx
12 17 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 16 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
13 16 (0.46%) GeoServer
13 16 (0.46%) Jetty
14 10 (0.29%) Ethereum
14 10 (0.29%) SharePoint
15 8 (0.23%) Apache Pig
15 8 (0.23%) Drupal
16 7 (0.20%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 27 (0.77%) Simulink
2 25 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 8 (0.23%) Sketch
5 8 (0.23%) Zeplin
6 6 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.14%) Inkscape
8 4 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.086%) Windchill
10 2 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.029%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.029%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.029%) PrintSoft PReS
11 1 (0.029%) SPSS
11 1 (0.029%) Stata
Business Applications
1 44 (1.26%) FINCAD Analytics
2 16 (0.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.23%) PolarLake
4 7 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.17%) Markit EDM
5 6 (0.17%) R3 Corda
6 5 (0.14%) Eikon
6 5 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.11%) LabWindows
7 4 (0.11%) osCommerce
7 4 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.086%) CSG Singleview
8 3 (0.086%) Magento
8 3 (0.086%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.057%) Oracle Retail
9 2 (0.057%) Quorum
9 2 (0.057%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.029%) MultiChain
10 1 (0.029%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 766 (21.92%) AWS
2 518 (14.83%) Azure
3 246 (7.04%) Serverless
4 197 (5.64%) GCP
5 185 (5.29%) AWS Lambda
6 163 (4.67%) GitHub
7 154 (4.41%) Amazon S3
8 101 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
9 98 (2.80%) Amazon SQS
10 92 (2.63%) AWS CloudFormation
11 77 (2.20%) OpenShift
12 62 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
13 56 (1.60%) SaaS
14 53 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
15 48 (1.37%) AWS Step Functions
16 42 (1.20%) PaaS
17 33 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
18 32 (0.92%) Power Platform
19 31 (0.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 29 (0.83%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 112 (3.21%) TCP/IP
2 79 (2.26%) Internet
3 61 (1.75%) Ethernet
4 47 (1.35%) HTTP
5 46 (1.32%) DNS
6 35 (1.00%) Firewall
7 32 (0.92%) Wireless
8 27 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
9 26 (0.74%) Bluetooth
10 25 (0.72%) RS-232
11 23 (0.66%) RS-485
12 21 (0.60%) Wireshark
13 20 (0.57%) SSL
14 19 (0.54%) VoIP
15 16 (0.46%) 5G
15 16 (0.46%) VPN
16 14 (0.40%) FTP
17 11 (0.31%) IPv6
18 10 (0.29%) 4G
19 9 (0.26%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 266 (7.61%) SQL Server
2 259 (7.41%) NoSQL
3 213 (6.10%) MongoDB
4 187 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
5 186 (5.32%) Relational Database
6 163 (4.67%) Big Data
7 148 (4.24%) Hadoop
8 136 (3.89%) MySQL
9 123 (3.52%) Amazon RDS
10 117 (3.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 106 (3.03%) RDBMS
12 101 (2.89%) Amazon Redshift
13 99 (2.83%) Amazon Athena
14 78 (2.23%) Apache Cassandra
15 71 (2.03%) Redis
16 70 (2.00%) Amazon Aurora
16 70 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
17 48 (1.37%) Neo4j
17 48 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 44 (1.26%) HBase
Development Applications
1 448 (12.82%) Git (software)
2 326 (9.33%) Jenkins
3 174 (4.98%) JIRA
4 116 (3.32%) Visual Studio
5 110 (3.15%) Cucumber
6 100 (2.86%) Selenium
7 84 (2.40%) Maven
7 84 (2.40%) Subversion
8 76 (2.18%) Artifactory
9 75 (2.15%) Rational Rhapsody
10 65 (1.86%) Eclipse
11 62 (1.77%) RStudio
12 56 (1.60%) Rational DOORS
13 53 (1.52%) GitLab
14 48 (1.37%) NetBeans
14 48 (1.37%) TeamCity
15 46 (1.32%) JUnit
16 45 (1.29%) Gradle
17 44 (1.26%) Visual Studio Team System
18 43 (1.23%) Bitbucket
General
1 673 (19.26%) Finance
2 300 (8.59%) Front Office
3 243 (6.95%) Banking
4 100 (2.86%) Public Sector
5 97 (2.78%) Investment Banking
6 86 (2.46%) Military
7 82 (2.35%) Law
8 80 (2.29%) Electronics
9 77 (2.20%) Retail
10 74 (2.12%) Marketing
11 73 (2.09%) Aerospace
12 63 (1.80%) Manufacturing
13 62 (1.77%) Telecoms
14 31 (0.89%) Games
14 31 (0.89%) Publishing
15 25 (0.72%) Advertising
16 24 (0.69%) Legal
17 23 (0.66%) Automotive
18 16 (0.46%) Avionics
19 14 (0.40%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,419 (40.61%) Software Engineer
2 1,236 (35.37%) Developer
3 317 (9.07%) Java Developer
4 270 (7.73%) Embedded Engineer
5 252 (7.21%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 224 (6.41%) Senior Developer
7 214 (6.12%) C++ Software Engineer
8 211 (6.04%) Java Engineer
9 197 (5.64%) Senior Software Engineer
10 188 (5.38%) Architect
11 182 (5.21%) AWS Engineer
12 177 (5.07%) Java Software Engineer
13 166 (4.75%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 162 (4.64%) Software Developer
15 152 (4.35%) AWS Developer
16 132 (3.78%) Python Engineer
17 129 (3.69%) JavaScript Developer
18 127 (3.63%) Python Developer
19 119 (3.41%) C# Developer
20 118 (3.38%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 572 (16.37%) .NET
2 545 (15.60%) Web Services
3 439 (12.56%) Node.js
4 415 (11.88%) React
5 380 (10.88%) AngularJS
6 258 (7.38%) HTML
7 246 (7.04%) CSS
8 237 (6.78%) Spring
9 221 (6.33%) REST
10 185 (5.29%) J2EE
11 159 (4.55%) RESTful
12 147 (4.21%) Kafka
13 125 (3.58%) .NET Core
14 111 (3.18%) Spring Boot
15 100 (2.86%) ASP.NET
16 98 (2.80%) HTML5
17 94 (2.69%) Vue.js
18 81 (2.32%) jQuery
19 80 (2.29%) XML
20 76 (2.18%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 269 (7.70%) Fixed Income
2 225 (6.44%) Derivative
3 209 (5.98%) Greenfield Project
4 192 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
5 151 (4.32%) User Experience
6 144 (4.12%) Algorithms
7 119 (3.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 90 (2.58%) Equities
9 76 (2.18%) Embedded Systems
10 72 (2.06%) Mobile App
11 65 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
12 63 (1.80%) Data Structures
13 57 (1.63%) Equity Derivative
13 57 (1.63%) Hedge funds
14 54 (1.55%) Public Cloud
15 50 (1.43%) Cloud Native
16 49 (1.40%) Blog
16 49 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
17 47 (1.35%) Virtual Team
18 41 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 652 (18.66%) Linux
2 243 (6.95%) Windows
3 154 (4.41%) Unix
4 96 (2.75%) Android
5 67 (1.92%) Embedded Linux
6 53 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 46 (1.32%) FreeRTOS
8 42 (1.20%) Apple iOS
9 39 (1.12%) Windows Server
10 38 (1.09%) CentOS
11 35 (1.00%) ThreadX
12 23 (0.66%) Debian
12 23 (0.66%) Ubuntu
13 13 (0.37%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.31%) Mac OS X
14 11 (0.31%) Solaris
14 11 (0.31%) Windows 7
14 11 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.26%) Mac OS
15 9 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,604 (45.91%) Agile Software Development
2 683 (19.55%) DevOps
3 631 (18.06%) Microservices
4 531 (15.20%) TDD
5 445 (12.74%) Scrum
6 414 (11.85%) Continuous Integration
7 406 (11.62%) Test Automation
8 301 (8.61%) Analytics
9 293 (8.39%) OO
10 292 (8.36%) Computer Science
11 278 (7.96%) Asset Management
12 272 (7.78%) Problem-Solving
13 269 (7.70%) BDD
14 221 (6.33%) Mentoring
15 217 (6.21%) UML
16 213 (6.10%) Unit Testing
17 210 (6.01%) SDLC
18 191 (5.47%) Open Source
19 172 (4.92%) MVC
20 169 (4.84%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,213 (34.72%) Java
2 980 (28.05%) Python
3 830 (23.76%) C++
3 830 (23.76%) JavaScript
4 775 (22.18%) C#
5 558 (15.97%) SQL
6 523 (14.97%) C
7 168 (4.81%) Embedded C
8 159 (4.55%) R
9 141 (4.04%) TypeScript
10 140 (4.01%) Scala
11 119 (3.41%) Embedded C++
12 112 (3.21%) Go
13 108 (3.09%) Ruby
14 101 (2.89%) Java 8
15 92 (2.63%) Bash Shell
16 90 (2.58%) PowerShell
17 84 (2.40%) PHP
18 80 (2.29%) Kotlin
19 64 (1.83%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 479 (13.71%) Security Cleared
2 350 (10.02%) SC Cleared
3 349 (9.99%) Degree
4 131 (3.75%) DV Cleared
5 103 (2.95%) Computer Science Degree
6 44 (1.26%) PhD
7 28 (0.80%) AWS Certification
8 20 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (0.49%) Master's Degree
10 15 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
11 14 (0.40%) ISTQB
11 14 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
12 10 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
13 9 (0.26%) CCNA
14 8 (0.23%) MCP
15 7 (0.20%) MCSE
15 7 (0.20%) SANS
16 5 (0.14%) CISSP
16 5 (0.14%) RHCSA
16 5 (0.14%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (4.44%) QA
2 31 (0.89%) MISRA
3 16 (0.46%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.31%) DO-178B
5 10 (0.29%) IEC 61508
6 9 (0.26%) MISRA C
7 8 (0.23%) GxP
7 8 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.20%) ISO 26262
9 6 (0.17%) JTAG
9 6 (0.17%) PSD2
9 6 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.17%) SLA
10 5 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.14%) HMG Infosec
10 5 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 5 (0.14%) JSP 440
10 5 (0.14%) NCSC
11 4 (0.11%) IEC 62304
11 4 (0.11%) NIST
System Software
1 518 (14.83%) Docker
2 38 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 37 (1.06%) Firmware
4 26 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.69%) HDFS
6 16 (0.46%) VirtualBox
6 16 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
7 14 (0.40%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.17%) LXC
10 5 (0.14%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.086%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.086%) XenApp
12 2 (0.057%) BusyBox
12 2 (0.057%) DFS Replication
12 2 (0.057%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.057%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.057%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.057%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 376 (10.76%) Kubernetes
2 215 (6.15%) Terraform
3 186 (5.32%) Ansible
4 89 (2.55%) Puppet
5 47 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (0.89%) Packer
7 28 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
8 26 (0.74%) Kibana
9 25 (0.72%) Grafana
10 19 (0.54%) Mesos
11 16 (0.46%) Marathon
11 16 (0.46%) Prometheus
12 15 (0.43%) linkerd
13 14 (0.40%) SCCM
14 13 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
15 12 (0.34%) Consul
16 10 (0.29%) Cobbler
16 10 (0.29%) Oozie
17 8 (0.23%) SCOM
18 7 (0.20%) WMI
Vendors
1 234 (6.70%) Oracle
2 227 (6.50%) Microsoft
3 193 (5.52%) Google
4 64 (1.83%) Bloomberg
5 49 (1.40%) SAP
6 48 (1.37%) Sybase
7 45 (1.29%) Reuters
8 44 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
9 39 (1.12%) Atlassian
10 34 (0.97%) Red Hat
11 32 (0.92%) Apple
12 30 (0.86%) MuleSoft
13 27 (0.77%) IBM
14 26 (0.74%) Cloudera
14 26 (0.74%) Tableau
14 26 (0.74%) VMware
15 25 (0.72%) Splunk
16 22 (0.63%) Adobe
16 22 (0.63%) Informatica
17 19 (0.54%) New Relic