Period
to 6 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 6 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
6 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 33 48 58
Rank change year-on-year +15 +10 +8
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,233 2,410 3,744
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.77% 4.54% 4.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.62% 5.33% 4.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,213 1,625 2,307
10th Percentile £381 £375 £350
25th Percentile £450 £438 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% +2.56%
75th Percentile £625 £625 £588
90th Percentile £700 £713 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £430
% change year-on-year -5.26% +10.47% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 131 138 254
10th Percentile £34.00 £38.08 £36.33
25th Percentile £41.25 £42.50 £41.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £52.50 £51.63 £50.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.75 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,848 45,234 81,469
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.16% 85.27% 87.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,469 30,021 54,729
10th Percentile £310 £288 £300
25th Percentile £400 £381 £380
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.16% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -2.22% +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,471 1,394 2,001
10th Percentile £12.02 £12.42 £11.50
25th Percentile £15.77 £16.00 £14.38
Median hourly rate £26.50 £22.00 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.45% -4.35% +9.52%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £50.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £20.11 £22.50
% change year-on-year +14.37% -10.62% +12.50%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 6 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 2,764 £525 -2.33% 2,246
London +24 1,786 £550 - 889
UK excluding London +12 1,030 £450 -5.26% 1,539
Work from Home +9 916 £525 -8.14% 557
South West +6 221 £500 - 219
South East +6 210 £469 -1.32% 324
North of England +9 182 £425 -10.53% 390
Midlands +37 126 £405 -7.27% 199
Scotland -3 120 £475 - 124
North West +31 119 £405 -10.00% 241
East of England +12 104 £400 -0.31% 220
West Midlands +31 95 £405 -8.16% 123
Wales 0 61 £500 +5.26% 39
Yorkshire -9 47 £393 -17.37% 114
North East +20 18 £475 -15.56% 35
East Midlands +15 18 £382 -10.45% 75
Northern Ireland +8 8 £437 - 26

For the 6 months to 6 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,702 (52.64%) Agile Software Development
2 1,101 (34.06%) AWS
3 1,045 (32.32%) JavaScript
4 1,029 (31.83%) Java
5 917 (28.36%) Python
6 850 (26.29%) Finance
7 767 (23.72%) Azure
8 743 (22.98%) React
9 731 (22.61%) Docker
10 697 (21.56%) Kubernetes
11 654 (20.23%) DevOps
12 597 (18.47%) Web Services
13 582 (18.00%) Serverless
14 569 (17.60%) SQL
15 566 (17.51%) Microservices
16 565 (17.48%) C#
17 561 (17.35%) Node.js
18 553 (17.10%) .NET
19 546 (16.89%) TDD
20 480 (14.85%) Social Skills
21 475 (14.69%) Terraform
22 472 (14.60%) Scrum
23 425 (13.15%) Asset Management
24 424 (13.11%) Front Office
25 423 (13.08%) TypeScript
26 419 (12.96%) Git (software)
27 412 (12.74%) Security Cleared
28 408 (12.62%) Test Automation
29 404 (12.50%) C++
30 399 (12.34%) AngularJS

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (4.95%) Apache
2 99 (3.06%) Apache Spark
3 85 (2.63%) Confluence
4 68 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
5 60 (1.86%) WebLogic
6 39 (1.21%) BizTalk Server
6 39 (1.21%) SharePoint
7 32 (0.99%) SAS
8 31 (0.96%) Apache Airflow
9 27 (0.84%) Oracle Coherence
10 24 (0.74%) Tomcat
11 20 (0.62%) WebSphere
12 17 (0.53%) WordPress
13 16 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
14 14 (0.43%) CMS
15 13 (0.40%) Jetty
16 12 (0.37%) JBoss
17 11 (0.34%) CICS
18 7 (0.22%) nginx
18 7 (0.22%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 13 (0.40%) Simulink
2 12 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.34%) Figma
4 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
5 7 (0.22%) InVision
6 6 (0.19%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.19%) Sketch
7 5 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.093%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.093%) UserZoom
9 2 (0.062%) Gephi
10 1 (0.031%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.031%) Doxygen
10 1 (0.031%) GIMP
10 1 (0.031%) Marvel
10 1 (0.031%) PrintSoft PReS
10 1 (0.031%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 13 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.31%) Eagle PACE
2 10 (0.31%) Markit EDM
3 8 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
5 5 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.12%) Magento
6 4 (0.12%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.062%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.062%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.062%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.062%) Summit
8 1 (0.031%) Front Arena
8 1 (0.031%) Minerva
8 1 (0.031%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.031%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.031%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.031%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,101 (34.06%) AWS
2 767 (23.72%) Azure
3 582 (18.00%) Serverless
4 382 (11.82%) GCP
5 372 (11.51%) AWS Lambda
6 261 (8.07%) Amazon S3
7 193 (5.97%) Amazon SQS
8 175 (5.41%) AWS Step Functions
9 131 (4.05%) GitHub
10 86 (2.66%) Azure Functions
11 81 (2.51%) PaaS
12 75 (2.32%) AWS CloudFormation
13 69 (2.13%) Power Platform
14 67 (2.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 66 (2.04%) IaaS
16 60 (1.86%) SaaS
17 57 (1.76%) Azure Logic Apps
18 56 (1.73%) Azure Storage
19 48 (1.48%) OpenShift
20 43 (1.33%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.04%) HTTP
2 56 (1.73%) TCP/IP
3 27 (0.84%) Ethernet
4 23 (0.71%) Internet
5 21 (0.65%) DNS
6 19 (0.59%) Broadband
6 19 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
7 18 (0.56%) Wireless
8 16 (0.49%) SNMP
8 16 (0.49%) SSL
9 15 (0.46%) FTP
10 14 (0.43%) Network Security
10 14 (0.43%) RS-485
11 13 (0.40%) HTTPS
11 13 (0.40%) Modbus
11 13 (0.40%) WAN
12 12 (0.37%) Firewall
13 11 (0.34%) IPv6
14 10 (0.31%) DECT
14 10 (0.31%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 273 (8.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 184 (5.69%) Amazon RDS
3 163 (5.04%) PostgreSQL
4 162 (5.01%) SQL Server
5 161 (4.98%) Big Data
5 161 (4.98%) MongoDB
6 150 (4.64%) NoSQL
7 114 (3.53%) Relational Database
8 81 (2.51%) MySQL
9 69 (2.13%) Azure SQL Database
10 65 (2.01%) Hadoop
11 53 (1.64%) Power BI
12 39 (1.21%) Redis
13 34 (1.05%) Apache Ignite
13 34 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
14 33 (1.02%) Amazon Aurora
15 32 (0.99%) Apache Hive
15 32 (0.99%) Data Lake
16 28 (0.87%) Oracle Database
17 21 (0.65%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 419 (12.96%) Git (software)
2 380 (11.75%) Jenkins
3 191 (5.91%) JIRA
4 118 (3.65%) GitLab
5 111 (3.43%) Maven
6 72 (2.23%) Cucumber
7 67 (2.07%) Bitbucket
8 64 (1.98%) JUnit
9 62 (1.92%) Gradle
10 59 (1.82%) Visual Studio
11 52 (1.61%) webpack
12 46 (1.42%) CA Gen
13 42 (1.30%) Subversion
13 42 (1.30%) TeamCity
14 37 (1.14%) Artifactory
15 35 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 35 (1.08%) Cypress.io
15 35 (1.08%) Rational Rhapsody
16 33 (1.02%) Mockito
16 33 (1.02%) Selenium
General
1 850 (26.29%) Finance
2 480 (14.85%) Social Skills
3 424 (13.11%) Front Office
4 237 (7.33%) Banking
5 204 (6.31%) Public Sector
6 137 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
7 80 (2.47%) Telecoms
8 76 (2.35%) Investment Banking
9 68 (2.10%) Law
10 67 (2.07%) Marketing
10 67 (2.07%) Retail
11 56 (1.73%) Electronics
12 53 (1.64%) Games
13 46 (1.42%) Aerospace
14 44 (1.36%) Manufacturing
15 43 (1.33%) Influencing Skills
16 27 (0.84%) Military
17 21 (0.65%) Back Office
18 20 (0.62%) Retail Banking
19 19 (0.59%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,426 (44.11%) Developer
2 1,135 (35.11%) Software Engineer
3 386 (11.94%) React Developer
4 223 (6.90%) Java Developer
5 215 (6.65%) AWS Developer
6 196 (6.06%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 194 (6.00%) Java Engineer
8 190 (5.88%) JavaScript Developer
9 183 (5.66%) Full Stack Developer
10 176 (5.44%) Python Developer
11 152 (4.70%) Java Software Engineer
12 151 (4.67%) AWS Engineer
13 149 (4.61%) Python Engineer
14 144 (4.45%) Senior Developer
14 144 (4.45%) Senior Software Engineer
15 131 (4.05%) Software Developer
16 121 (3.74%) DevOps Engineer
17 110 (3.40%) Node.js Developer
18 100 (3.09%) Python Software Engineer
19 97 (3.00%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 743 (22.98%) React
2 597 (18.47%) Web Services
3 561 (17.35%) Node.js
4 553 (17.10%) .NET
5 399 (12.34%) AngularJS
6 264 (8.17%) HTML
6 264 (8.17%) Kafka
7 261 (8.07%) Spring
8 252 (7.79%) REST
9 235 (7.27%) CSS
10 177 (5.47%) Spring Boot
11 176 (5.44%) .NET Core
12 169 (5.23%) RESTful
13 136 (4.21%) Vue.js
14 122 (3.77%) GraphQL
15 106 (3.28%) HTML5
16 100 (3.09%) ASP.NET
17 99 (3.06%) React Native
18 84 (2.60%) Redux
19 77 (2.38%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 240 (7.42%) User Experience
2 152 (4.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 149 (4.61%) Cloud Native
4 122 (3.77%) Derivative
5 121 (3.74%) Fixed Income
6 115 (3.56%) Equities
7 103 (3.19%) Greenfield Project
8 89 (2.75%) Hedge funds
9 84 (2.60%) Algorithms
10 76 (2.35%) Data Structures
11 74 (2.29%) Mobile App
12 71 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
13 62 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
14 54 (1.67%) Blog
15 43 (1.33%) Public Cloud
16 32 (0.99%) Embedded Systems
16 32 (0.99%) Management Information System
17 30 (0.93%) Social Media
18 22 (0.68%) Virtual Team
19 19 (0.59%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 386 (11.94%) Linux
2 173 (5.35%) Unix
3 168 (5.20%) Windows
4 125 (3.87%) Android
5 68 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 29 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
7 21 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 18 (0.56%) Windows 10
8 18 (0.56%) Windows Server
9 15 (0.46%) Mac OS X
10 14 (0.43%) AIX
11 13 (0.40%) OpenWrt
12 11 (0.34%) Mac OS
13 10 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
14 8 (0.25%) Debian
14 8 (0.25%) VMS
15 7 (0.22%) CoreOS
15 7 (0.22%) FreeRTOS
15 7 (0.22%) Ubuntu
16 6 (0.19%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,702 (52.64%) Agile Software Development
2 654 (20.23%) DevOps
3 566 (17.51%) Microservices
4 546 (16.89%) TDD
5 472 (14.60%) Scrum
6 425 (13.15%) Asset Management
7 408 (12.62%) Test Automation
8 341 (10.55%) Investment Management
9 291 (9.00%) Continuous Integration
10 288 (8.91%) SDLC
11 243 (7.52%) Problem-Solving
12 224 (6.93%) OO
13 207 (6.40%) Mentoring
14 205 (6.34%) Software Testing
15 200 (6.19%) Analytics
16 199 (6.16%) Open Source
17 192 (5.94%) Computer Science
18 191 (5.91%) BDD
19 183 (5.66%) Continuous Improvement
20 167 (5.17%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 1,045 (32.32%) JavaScript
2 1,029 (31.83%) Java
3 917 (28.36%) Python
4 569 (17.60%) SQL
5 565 (17.48%) C#
6 423 (13.08%) TypeScript
7 404 (12.50%) C++
8 281 (8.69%) Kotlin
9 221 (6.84%) Scala
10 206 (6.37%) C
11 177 (5.47%) Go
12 128 (3.96%) PL/SQL
13 100 (3.09%) Shell Script
14 86 (2.66%) PowerShell
15 73 (2.26%) PHP
16 71 (2.20%) Ruby
17 67 (2.07%) Bash Shell
18 64 (1.98%) Java 8
18 64 (1.98%) T-SQL
19 56 (1.73%) R
Qualifications
1 412 (12.74%) Security Cleared
2 352 (10.89%) SC Cleared
3 309 (9.56%) Degree
4 82 (2.54%) DV Cleared
5 57 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
7 21 (0.65%) PhD
8 18 (0.56%) AWS Certification
9 13 (0.40%) Master's Degree
9 13 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
10 10 (0.31%) DBS Check
11 9 (0.28%) ISTQB
12 8 (0.25%) SAS Certification
12 8 (0.25%) VCAP
12 8 (0.25%) VCDX
12 8 (0.25%) VCP6
12 8 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.15%) Postgraduate
14 3 (0.093%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 158 (4.89%) QA
2 17 (0.53%) DO-178B
2 17 (0.53%) GDPR
3 12 (0.37%) SLA
4 9 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.25%) JTAG
6 5 (0.15%) MiFID
6 5 (0.15%) MISRA
6 5 (0.15%) WCAG
7 4 (0.12%) IEC 61508
8 3 (0.093%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.093%) NIST
8 3 (0.093%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.062%) GRC
9 2 (0.062%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.062%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.062%) OASIS TOSCA
9 2 (0.062%) PMO
System Software
1 731 (22.61%) Docker
2 56 (1.73%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.65%) HDFS
4 15 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (0.34%) Firmware
6 11 (0.34%) GridGain
7 10 (0.31%) Time Sharing Option
8 8 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
8 8 (0.25%) vSphere
9 5 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 5 (0.15%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.12%) Platform Symphony
10 4 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.093%) GPFS
12 2 (0.062%) Ceph
12 2 (0.062%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.062%) NFS
13 1 (0.031%) Shibboleth
13 1 (0.031%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 697 (21.56%) Kubernetes
2 475 (14.69%) Terraform
3 141 (4.36%) Ansible
4 47 (1.45%) Puppet
5 43 (1.33%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (1.27%) Grafana
7 35 (1.08%) Prometheus
8 17 (0.53%) Kibana
9 9 (0.28%) Graphite
9 9 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
9 9 (0.28%) Oozie
10 8 (0.25%) MIIS
10 8 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
11 7 (0.22%) Zipkin
12 5 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.15%) Istio
12 5 (0.15%) ITRS Geneos
12 5 (0.15%) Kubeflow
12 5 (0.15%) Mesos
12 5 (0.15%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 275 (8.51%) Oracle
2 154 (4.76%) Microsoft
3 87 (2.69%) Google
4 48 (1.48%) MuleSoft
5 46 (1.42%) SAP
6 42 (1.30%) IBM
7 39 (1.21%) webMethods
8 37 (1.14%) BEA
8 37 (1.14%) Pega
9 33 (1.02%) Splunk
10 32 (0.99%) Databricks
11 29 (0.90%) Atlassian
12 26 (0.80%) Bloomberg
13 23 (0.71%) VMware
14 22 (0.68%) Cloudera
14 22 (0.68%) Red Hat
15 21 (0.65%) CA
16 17 (0.53%) Informatica
16 17 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
16 17 (0.53%) Talend