Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 30 49 58
Rank change year-on-year +19 +9 +13
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,737 2,947 3,885
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.77% 4.31% 3.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.67% 5.06% 4.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,421 1,908 2,495
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +2.83%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £700 £700 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 187 299
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £31.38 £39.80 £35.20
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.28 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 41,051 58,254 86,068
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.59% 85.29% 87.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,828 38,992 57,980
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £281 £300
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,338 1,744 2,127
Median hourly rate £26.98 £21.00 £22.22
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.48% -5.47% +0.98%
10th Percentile £12.06 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.91 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £23.43 £20.00 £21.76
% change year-on-year +17.15% -8.09% +1.21%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 2,377 £525 - 2,200
London +27 1,544 £550 - 821
UK excluding London +9 865 £450 - 1,545
Work from Home +12 744 £525 -2.55% 586
South West +2 177 £500 +5.26% 213
South East +8 176 £425 -5.56% 368
North of England +8 171 £430 -7.03% 394
Midlands +68 107 £400 -6.81% 200
East of England +10 100 £425 +6.25% 205
North West +18 98 £425 -6.85% 203
Scotland +5 78 £450 - 103
West Midlands +52 70 £405 -4.71% 127
Wales -1 52 £500 - 33
Yorkshire 0 51 £425 -10.53% 146
East Midlands +24 26 £400 -11.11% 72
North East +19 22 £475 +10.47% 45
Northern Ireland +3 5 £350 -25.13% 33

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,395 (50.97%) Agile Software Development
2 975 (35.62%) AWS
3 966 (35.29%) Java
4 939 (34.31%) JavaScript
5 853 (31.17%) Python
6 758 (27.69%) Finance
7 638 (23.31%) Azure
8 636 (23.24%) React
9 590 (21.56%) Web Services
10 585 (21.37%) Docker
11 530 (19.36%) Kubernetes
12 528 (19.29%) DevOps
13 499 (18.23%) SQL
14 483 (17.65%) Microservices
15 459 (16.77%) Serverless
16 457 (16.70%) Node.js
17 439 (16.04%) Asset Management
18 434 (15.86%) TDD
19 431 (15.75%) C#
20 422 (15.42%) .NET
21 403 (14.72%) AngularJS
22 396 (14.47%) Front Office
23 371 (13.55%) Terraform
24 364 (13.30%) GCP
25 348 (12.71%) C++
26 329 (12.02%) Scrum
27 328 (11.98%) Linux
27 328 (11.98%) Security Cleared
28 303 (11.07%) Investment Management
29 301 (11.00%) Test Automation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 174 (6.36%) Apache
2 89 (3.25%) Apache Spark
3 65 (2.37%) Elasticsearch
4 50 (1.83%) WebLogic
5 44 (1.61%) Confluence
6 29 (1.06%) BizTalk Server
7 27 (0.99%) Tomcat
8 25 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
9 22 (0.80%) WebSphere
10 19 (0.69%) SharePoint
10 19 (0.69%) WordPress
11 18 (0.66%) SAS
12 16 (0.58%) CMS
13 14 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
14 12 (0.44%) Jetty
15 10 (0.37%) CICS
15 10 (0.37%) OpenStack
16 9 (0.33%) JBoss
17 8 (0.29%) NServiceBus
18 6 (0.22%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 12 (0.44%) Sketch
2 10 (0.37%) Simulink
3 9 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.29%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.29%) Figma
5 7 (0.26%) InVision
5 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
6 5 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.15%) Gephi
7 4 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.11%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.073%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.073%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.037%) Marvel
10 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.037%) PrintSoft PReS
10 1 (0.037%) PTC Creo
10 1 (0.037%) Siemens NX
10 1 (0.037%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 11 (0.40%) Markit EDM
2 10 (0.37%) Eagle PACE
3 7 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.11%) Lawson
5 3 (0.11%) Magento
6 2 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.073%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.073%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.037%) Exstream
7 1 (0.037%) Minerva
7 1 (0.037%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle Assets
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.037%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.037%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 975 (35.62%) AWS
2 638 (23.31%) Azure
3 459 (16.77%) Serverless
4 364 (13.30%) GCP
5 300 (10.96%) AWS Lambda
6 199 (7.27%) Amazon S3
7 117 (4.27%) GitHub
8 112 (4.09%) Amazon SQS
9 104 (3.80%) AWS Step Functions
10 71 (2.59%) Amazon EC2
11 55 (2.01%) PaaS
12 52 (1.90%) Azure Functions
13 48 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
14 45 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
15 43 (1.57%) IaaS
16 42 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
16 42 (1.53%) Power Platform
16 42 (1.53%) SaaS
17 41 (1.50%) Logic Apps
18 33 (1.21%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 49 (1.79%) HTTP
2 46 (1.68%) TCP/IP
3 31 (1.13%) Ethernet
4 25 (0.91%) Wireless
5 24 (0.88%) Wi-Fi
6 18 (0.66%) DNS
7 17 (0.62%) WAN
8 15 (0.55%) FTP
8 15 (0.55%) SSL
9 13 (0.47%) Broadband
10 12 (0.44%) Internet
11 11 (0.40%) Network Security
11 11 (0.40%) RS-485
12 10 (0.37%) IPv6
12 10 (0.37%) SNMP
13 9 (0.33%) ATM
13 9 (0.33%) Bluetooth
13 9 (0.33%) Modbus
13 9 (0.33%) ZigBee
14 8 (0.29%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (7.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 137 (5.01%) SQL Server
3 131 (4.79%) Big Data
4 119 (4.35%) PostgreSQL
5 116 (4.24%) Amazon RDS
6 113 (4.13%) MongoDB
7 96 (3.51%) NoSQL
8 92 (3.36%) MySQL
9 88 (3.22%) Relational Database
10 68 (2.48%) Apache Ignite
11 45 (1.64%) Azure SQL Database
12 40 (1.46%) Hadoop
13 32 (1.17%) Power BI
14 29 (1.06%) Redis
15 28 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
16 26 (0.95%) Apache Hive
16 26 (0.95%) Neo4j
17 21 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
18 20 (0.73%) Data Lake
18 20 (0.73%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 299 (10.92%) Git (software)
2 279 (10.19%) Jenkins
3 115 (4.20%) GitLab
4 111 (4.06%) JIRA
5 78 (2.85%) Maven
6 65 (2.37%) Cucumber
7 55 (2.01%) JUnit
8 51 (1.86%) CA Gen
9 46 (1.68%) webpack
10 45 (1.64%) Visual Studio
11 42 (1.53%) Gradle
12 41 (1.50%) Subversion
13 39 (1.42%) Bitbucket
14 34 (1.24%) Artifactory
15 33 (1.21%) Cypress.io
15 33 (1.21%) Selenium
16 31 (1.13%) Rational Rhapsody
17 30 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 26 (0.95%) Mockito
19 25 (0.91%) NetBeans
General
1 758 (27.69%) Finance
2 396 (14.47%) Front Office
3 212 (7.75%) Banking
4 175 (6.39%) Public Sector
5 64 (2.34%) Investment Banking
6 62 (2.27%) Law
7 54 (1.97%) Marketing
8 51 (1.86%) Electronics
8 51 (1.86%) Telecoms
9 42 (1.53%) Retail
10 35 (1.28%) Manufacturing
11 34 (1.24%) Aerospace
12 28 (1.02%) Games
13 21 (0.77%) Back Office
13 21 (0.77%) Military
14 10 (0.37%) Automotive
15 9 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
15 9 (0.33%) Publishing
15 9 (0.33%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.29%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,245 (45.49%) Developer
2 1,097 (40.08%) Software Engineer
3 289 (10.56%) React Developer
4 279 (10.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 204 (7.45%) Java Developer
6 196 (7.16%) Java Engineer
7 193 (7.05%) Python Developer
8 180 (6.58%) JavaScript Developer
9 165 (6.03%) AWS Developer
10 163 (5.96%) Python Engineer
11 162 (5.92%) Java Software Engineer
12 150 (5.48%) Software Developer
13 148 (5.41%) AWS Engineer
14 135 (4.93%) Full Stack Developer
15 133 (4.86%) Python Software Engineer
16 128 (4.68%) Senior Software Engineer
17 123 (4.49%) Senior Developer
18 105 (3.84%) DevOps Engineer
19 92 (3.36%) Designer
20 82 (3.00%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 636 (23.24%) React
2 590 (21.56%) Web Services
3 457 (16.70%) Node.js
4 422 (15.42%) .NET
5 403 (14.72%) AngularJS
6 227 (8.29%) Spring
7 224 (8.18%) HTML
8 212 (7.75%) Kafka
9 206 (7.53%) CSS
10 198 (7.23%) REST
11 164 (5.99%) Vue.js
12 142 (5.19%) RESTful
13 135 (4.93%) Spring Boot
14 132 (4.82%) .NET Core
15 96 (3.51%) Redux
16 94 (3.43%) React Native
17 90 (3.29%) HTML5
18 84 (3.07%) GraphQL
19 74 (2.70%) gRPC
20 66 (2.41%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 200 (7.31%) Derivative
2 198 (7.23%) User Experience
3 197 (7.20%) Fixed Income
4 191 (6.98%) Equities
5 176 (6.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 152 (5.55%) Hedge funds
7 106 (3.87%) Cloud Native
8 105 (3.84%) Analytical Skills
9 87 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
10 82 (3.00%) Blog
11 76 (2.78%) Algorithms
12 59 (2.16%) Data Structures
13 54 (1.97%) Mobile App
14 51 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
15 46 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
16 36 (1.32%) Public Cloud
17 26 (0.95%) Management Information System
18 24 (0.88%) Social Media
19 22 (0.80%) Virtual Team
20 17 (0.62%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 328 (11.98%) Linux
2 137 (5.01%) Unix
3 127 (4.64%) Windows
4 95 (3.47%) Android
5 58 (2.12%) Apple iOS
6 28 (1.02%) Embedded Linux
7 26 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.51%) AIX
8 14 (0.51%) Windows 10
9 10 (0.37%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.33%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.29%) OpenWrt
11 8 (0.29%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.15%) Debian
13 3 (0.11%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.11%) VMS
13 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.073%) CentOS
14 2 (0.073%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,395 (50.97%) Agile Software Development
2 528 (19.29%) DevOps
3 483 (17.65%) Microservices
4 439 (16.04%) Asset Management
5 434 (15.86%) TDD
6 329 (12.02%) Scrum
7 303 (11.07%) Investment Management
8 301 (11.00%) Test Automation
9 224 (8.18%) SDLC
10 204 (7.45%) Continuous Integration
11 192 (7.01%) Problem-Solving
12 184 (6.72%) Computer Science
13 180 (6.58%) Open Source
14 179 (6.54%) BDD
15 175 (6.39%) OO
16 161 (5.88%) Analytics
17 129 (4.71%) Infrastructure as Code
18 116 (4.24%) Unit Testing
19 115 (4.20%) Configuration Management
20 114 (4.17%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 966 (35.29%) Java
2 939 (34.31%) JavaScript
3 853 (31.17%) Python
4 499 (18.23%) SQL
5 431 (15.75%) C#
6 348 (12.71%) C++
7 293 (10.71%) TypeScript
8 285 (10.41%) Kotlin
9 183 (6.69%) C
10 176 (6.43%) Scala
11 141 (5.15%) Go
12 106 (3.87%) PL/SQL
13 80 (2.92%) Shell Script
14 73 (2.67%) PHP
15 70 (2.56%) PowerShell
16 62 (2.27%) Bash Shell
16 62 (2.27%) Java 8
17 51 (1.86%) R
18 50 (1.83%) Ruby
18 50 (1.83%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 328 (11.98%) Security Cleared
2 273 (9.97%) Degree
3 271 (9.90%) SC Cleared
4 73 (2.67%) DV Cleared
5 62 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
7 23 (0.84%) PhD
8 22 (0.80%) Master's Degree
9 18 (0.66%) DBS Check
10 11 (0.40%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.33%) HND
11 9 (0.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 8 (0.29%) HNC
12 8 (0.29%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.26%) VCAP
13 7 (0.26%) VCDX
13 7 (0.26%) VCP6
14 5 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
15 4 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (3.40%) QA
2 15 (0.55%) GDPR
3 9 (0.33%) SLA
4 8 (0.29%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 7 (0.26%) Dublin Core
6 6 (0.22%) JTAG
6 6 (0.22%) OASIS TOSCA
7 5 (0.18%) DO-178B
7 5 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.15%) MISRA
9 3 (0.11%) MiFID
9 3 (0.11%) WCAG
10 2 (0.073%) COREP
10 2 (0.073%) CRD IV
10 2 (0.073%) Good Clinical Practice
10 2 (0.073%) GxP
10 2 (0.073%) IEC 61508
10 2 (0.073%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.073%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 585 (21.37%) Docker
2 37 (1.35%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.66%) HDFS
4 16 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.37%) Time Sharing Option
7 8 (0.29%) GridGain
8 7 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (0.26%) vSphere
9 5 (0.18%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 5 (0.18%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.15%) Firmware
10 4 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
11 3 (0.11%) GPFS
12 2 (0.073%) Ceph
12 2 (0.073%) NFS
12 2 (0.073%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.037%) etcd
13 1 (0.037%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (0.037%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 530 (19.36%) Kubernetes
2 371 (13.55%) Terraform
3 115 (4.20%) Ansible
4 50 (1.83%) Puppet
5 44 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (0.88%) Prometheus
7 18 (0.66%) Grafana
8 14 (0.51%) Kibana
9 12 (0.44%) Graphite
10 10 (0.37%) Tivoli
11 8 (0.29%) Zipkin
12 7 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.22%) Oozie
13 6 (0.22%) Salt
14 5 (0.18%) ITRS Geneos
15 4 (0.15%) Capistrano
15 4 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
15 4 (0.15%) Kubeflow
15 4 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
15 4 (0.15%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 204 (7.45%) Oracle
2 122 (4.46%) Microsoft
3 96 (3.51%) Google
4 46 (1.68%) Bloomberg
5 42 (1.53%) IBM
6 41 (1.50%) MuleSoft
7 31 (1.13%) webMethods
8 30 (1.10%) Splunk
9 28 (1.02%) SAP
10 27 (0.99%) BEA
10 27 (0.99%) Pega
11 26 (0.95%) CA
11 26 (0.95%) VMware
12 25 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
13 20 (0.73%) Red Hat
14 18 (0.66%) Cloudera
14 18 (0.66%) Talend
15 16 (0.58%) Atlassian
16 14 (0.51%) Apple
17 11 (0.40%) Informatica