Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Master's Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Master's Degree
UK
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 553 581 640
Rank change year-on-year +28 +59 -12
Contract jobs citing Master's Degree 241 333 263
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.32% 0.25%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.46% 1.67% 1.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 189 179
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £483
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +8.81% +1.58%
10th Percentile £318 £300 £270
90th Percentile £710 £675 £640
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £390 £325
% change year-on-year - +20.00% -7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 5
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £34.00 £34.36
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +43.38% -1.05% -63.83%
10th Percentile £41.05 £20.75 £25.10
90th Percentile £57.75 £57.50 £46.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £34.00 -
% change year-on-year +32.35% - -

Master's Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,544 19,968 19,458
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.61% 19.07% 18.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,206 11,851 11,994
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £258 £256 £223
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 822 971 896
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £25.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.08% +5.75% -1.73%
10th Percentile £14.34 £13.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £51.00 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £26.68
% change year-on-year +32.08% -0.68% +0.08%

Master's Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Master's Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Master's Degree in the UK

Master's Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Master's Degree.

Contractor daily rate trend for Master's Degree in the UK

Master's Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Master's Degree over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Master's Degree in the UK

Master's Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Master's Degree.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Master's Degree in the UK

Master's Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Master's Degree over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Master's Degree in the UK

Master's Degree
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Master's Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 219 £550 +4.76% 152
London +44 143 £575 +4.55% 63
UK excluding London +61 88 £390 - 97
South East +49 51 £550 +57.14% 28
Scotland +51 11 £360 -15.29% 5
East of England +47 9 £375 -9.09% 14
South West -1 8 £375 -26.83% 16
North of England +14 6 £325 -45.83% 12
North West +9 3 £325 -31.58% 8
Midlands +35 2 £316 -10.28% 19
North East +18 2 £275 -54.17% 1
West Midlands +38 1 £205 - 4
Yorkshire +35 1 £368 -51.00% 3
Wales +29 1 £125 -73.68% 3
East Midlands +13 1 £428 +21.28% 15

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Master's Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Master's Degree.

1 241 (100.00%) Degree
2 124 (51.45%) Computer Science
3 98 (40.66%) Agile Software Development
4 68 (28.22%) Python
5 59 (24.48%) Computer Science Degree
6 58 (24.07%) SQL
7 57 (23.65%) Analytics
8 56 (23.24%) Analytical Skills
9 47 (19.50%) Java
10 46 (19.09%) Data Science
11 45 (18.67%) Machine Learning
12 44 (18.26%) Azure
12 44 (18.26%) Finance
12 44 (18.26%) Problem-Solving
13 41 (17.01%) Physics
14 40 (16.60%) Mathematics
14 40 (16.60%) Microsoft
14 40 (16.60%) Apache Spark
15 35 (14.52%) Project Management
15 35 (14.52%) Git (software)
15 35 (14.52%) Big Data
16 34 (14.11%) Visualisation
16 34 (14.11%) PhD
17 33 (13.69%) Security Cleared
18 31 (12.86%) JavaScript
19 30 (12.45%) Artificial Intelligence
20 29 (12.03%) Scrum
21 28 (11.62%) SC Cleared
21 28 (11.62%) GCP
22 26 (10.79%) Docker

Master's Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (16.60%) Apache Spark
2 21 (8.71%) Apache
3 11 (4.56%) Jupyter
4 10 (4.15%) CMS
5 8 (3.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (2.90%) SharePoint
7 6 (2.49%) BizTalk Server
8 5 (2.07%) DNN
9 4 (1.66%) SAS
10 3 (1.24%) Exchange Server 2003
10 3 (1.24%) Exchange Server 2007
10 3 (1.24%) Exchange Server 2010
10 3 (1.24%) Exchange Server 2013
10 3 (1.24%) IIS
10 3 (1.24%) Moodle
10 3 (1.24%) MS Exchange
10 3 (1.24%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
11 2 (0.83%) JBoss
11 2 (0.83%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 14 (5.81%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (4.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (3.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (2.90%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (1.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 3 (1.24%) InVision
5 3 (1.24%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 3 (1.24%) SAP ERP
2 2 (0.83%) Oracle AML
2 2 (0.83%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.83%) SAP WM
3 1 (0.41%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 1 (0.41%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.41%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.41%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.41%) SAP FI-GL
3 1 (0.41%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 44 (18.26%) Azure
2 28 (11.62%) GCP
3 18 (7.47%) AWS
4 10 (4.15%) Cloud Computing
4 10 (4.15%) GitHub
4 10 (4.15%) PaaS
5 8 (3.32%) Azure Machine Learning
6 5 (2.07%) Amazon EC2
6 5 (2.07%) Amazon EMR
7 3 (1.24%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
7 3 (1.24%) Office 365
7 3 (1.24%) SaaS
7 3 (1.24%) Stackdriver
8 1 (0.41%) Amazon Kinesis
8 1 (0.41%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.41%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.32%) Internet
2 4 (1.66%) LAN
2 4 (1.66%) WAN
3 3 (1.24%) 2G
3 3 (1.24%) 3G
3 3 (1.24%) 4G
3 3 (1.24%) 5G
3 3 (1.24%) HTTP
3 3 (1.24%) Intrusion Detection
3 3 (1.24%) Kerberos
3 3 (1.24%) Multicast
3 3 (1.24%) Radio Access Network
3 3 (1.24%) RNC
3 3 (1.24%) Skype
3 3 (1.24%) SSL
4 2 (0.83%) Node B
4 2 (0.83%) SIGTRAN
5 1 (0.41%) Cisco ASA
5 1 (0.41%) Firewall
5 1 (0.41%) Sourcefire
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (14.52%) Big Data
2 21 (8.71%) Hadoop
3 17 (7.05%) NoSQL
4 12 (4.98%) Flink
4 12 (4.98%) Relational Database
5 11 (4.56%) SQL Server
6 10 (4.15%) GIS
7 9 (3.73%) Geospatial Data
8 8 (3.32%) Jackrabbit
9 7 (2.90%) Apache Cassandra
9 7 (2.90%) MySQL
9 7 (2.90%) PostgreSQL
10 6 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
10 6 (2.49%) Triplestore
11 5 (2.07%) BigQuery
11 5 (2.07%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (1.66%) Amazon RDS
12 4 (1.66%) MongoDB
12 4 (1.66%) SQL Server 2016
13 3 (1.24%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 35 (14.52%) Git (software)
2 23 (9.54%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.98%) JIRA
4 8 (3.32%) Rational DOORS
4 8 (3.32%) TeamCity
5 7 (2.90%) Cucumber
6 5 (2.07%) Visual Studio Team System
7 2 (0.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 2 (0.83%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.83%) JUnit
7 2 (0.83%) Karma Test Runner
7 2 (0.83%) Maven
7 2 (0.83%) Mocha
7 2 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.41%) Bower
8 1 (0.41%) Gatling
8 1 (0.41%) Grunt
8 1 (0.41%) gulp
8 1 (0.41%) SonarQube
8 1 (0.41%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 44 (18.26%) Finance
2 17 (7.05%) Marketing
3 12 (4.98%) Banking
3 12 (4.98%) Front Office
4 11 (4.56%) Telecoms
5 9 (3.73%) Public Sector
6 7 (2.90%) Investment Banking
7 6 (2.49%) Electronics
7 6 (2.49%) Legal
7 6 (2.49%) Manufacturing
7 6 (2.49%) Pharmaceutical
7 6 (2.49%) Retail
8 5 (2.07%) Aerospace
8 5 (2.07%) Law
9 4 (1.66%) Military
10 3 (1.24%) Advertising
10 3 (1.24%) Dutch Language
11 2 (0.83%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.41%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.41%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 38 (15.77%) Developer
2 30 (12.45%) Data Engineer
2 30 (12.45%) Data Scientist
3 19 (7.88%) Analyst
4 16 (6.64%) Architect
4 16 (6.64%) C# Developer
5 13 (5.39%) Software Engineer
6 11 (4.56%) Project Manager
7 10 (4.15%) Java Developer
7 10 (4.15%) Java Engineer
7 10 (4.15%) Technical Architect
8 9 (3.73%) Systems Engineer
9 8 (3.32%) Data Analyst
9 8 (3.32%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 7 (2.90%) Full Stack Developer
10 7 (2.90%) Python Engineer
10 7 (2.90%) Senior Data Scientist
11 6 (2.49%) Azure Developer
11 6 (2.49%) C# .NET Developer
11 6 (2.49%) Energy Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (9.96%) HTML
1 24 (9.96%) Pandas
2 20 (8.30%) CSS
3 18 (7.47%) React
3 18 (7.47%) TensorFlow
4 17 (7.05%) Kafka
5 13 (5.39%) NumPy
6 12 (4.98%) Apache Beam
6 12 (4.98%) scikit-learn
7 11 (4.56%) PySpark
7 11 (4.56%) REST
8 10 (4.15%) .NET
8 10 (4.15%) HTML5
8 10 (4.15%) Keras
9 9 (3.73%) AngularJS
10 8 (3.32%) JSON
10 8 (3.32%) JSR 170
10 8 (3.32%) OSGi
10 8 (3.32%) SciPy
10 8 (3.32%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 56 (23.24%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (10.37%) Algorithms
3 21 (8.71%) User Experience
4 11 (4.56%) Management Information System
5 8 (3.32%) Mobile App
6 7 (2.90%) Data Structures
7 6 (2.49%) Internet of Things
7 6 (2.49%) Lidar
7 6 (2.49%) Semantic Web
7 6 (2.49%) Smart City
8 5 (2.07%) Equities
9 4 (1.66%) Acoustics
9 4 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.66%) Fixed Income
9 4 (1.66%) Life Science
9 4 (1.66%) PMI
9 4 (1.66%) Virtual Team
10 3 (1.24%) Digital Media
10 3 (1.24%) e-Learning
10 3 (1.24%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 11 (4.56%) Linux
2 7 (2.90%) Windows
3 6 (2.49%) Unix
4 4 (1.66%) Android
5 3 (1.24%) Windows 2000
5 3 (1.24%) Windows Server 2003
5 3 (1.24%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (1.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 124 (51.45%) Computer Science
2 98 (40.66%) Agile Software Development
3 57 (23.65%) Analytics
4 46 (19.09%) Data Science
5 45 (18.67%) Machine Learning
6 44 (18.26%) Problem-Solving
7 41 (17.01%) Physics
8 40 (16.60%) Mathematics
9 35 (14.52%) Project Management
10 34 (14.11%) Visualisation
11 30 (12.45%) Artificial Intelligence
12 29 (12.03%) Scrum
13 24 (9.96%) Data Management
13 24 (9.96%) Statistics
14 23 (9.54%) Data Visualisation
15 22 (9.13%) Test Automation
16 21 (8.71%) Open Source
16 21 (8.71%) Software Engineering
17 19 (7.88%) Continuous Integration
17 19 (7.88%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 68 (28.22%) Python
2 58 (24.07%) SQL
3 47 (19.50%) Java
4 31 (12.86%) JavaScript
5 22 (9.13%) C#
6 21 (8.71%) Scala
7 19 (7.88%) R
8 11 (4.56%) C++
9 9 (3.73%) TypeScript
10 7 (2.90%) C
11 6 (2.49%) Perl
12 5 (2.07%) Kotlin
13 4 (1.66%) Clojure
13 4 (1.66%) MATLAB
14 3 (1.24%) PowerShell
14 3 (1.24%) Ruby
14 3 (1.24%) VBA
15 2 (0.83%) Bash Shell
15 2 (0.83%) PL/SQL
15 2 (0.83%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 241 (100.00%) Degree
2 59 (24.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 34 (14.11%) PhD
4 33 (13.69%) Security Cleared
5 28 (11.62%) SC Cleared
6 14 (5.81%) Numerate Degree
6 14 (5.81%) PMI Certification
7 12 (4.98%) PMP
8 10 (4.15%) CISSP
8 10 (4.15%) DV Cleared
9 7 (2.90%) CISM
10 6 (2.49%) MBA
11 5 (2.07%) GIAC
12 4 (1.66%) SANS
13 3 (1.24%) CCNA
13 3 (1.24%) CCNP
13 3 (1.24%) CISA
13 3 (1.24%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (1.24%) IISP
13 3 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (9.13%) QA
2 9 (3.73%) Data Quality
2 9 (3.73%) PMO
3 5 (2.07%) PCI DSS
4 4 (1.66%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 4 (1.66%) NIST
5 3 (1.24%) ECSS
5 3 (1.24%) GDPR
5 3 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.83%) GxP
6 2 (0.83%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.83%) NEBOSH
6 2 (0.83%) NIST 800
6 2 (0.83%) SLA
7 1 (0.41%) COBIT
7 1 (0.41%) GLBA
7 1 (0.41%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 26 (10.79%) Docker
2 3 (1.24%) Active Directory
2 3 (1.24%) Apache Flume
2 3 (1.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 13 (5.39%) Kubernetes
2 8 (3.32%) Terraform
3 6 (2.49%) Prometheus
4 5 (2.07%) Ansible
5 3 (1.24%) Consul
5 3 (1.24%) Mesos
5 3 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.83%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.83%) Kibana
6 2 (0.83%) Kubeflow
6 2 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.83%) Puppet
7 1 (0.41%) CASB
7 1 (0.41%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.41%) IBM Guardium
7 1 (0.41%) QRadar
Vendors
1 40 (16.60%) Microsoft
2 19 (7.88%) Google
2 19 (7.88%) Oracle
3 14 (5.81%) Tableau
4 11 (4.56%) Adobe
5 10 (4.15%) Databricks
5 10 (4.15%) SAP
5 10 (4.15%) StreamSets
6 5 (2.07%) Cisco
6 5 (2.07%) Informatica
6 5 (2.07%) Perforce
6 5 (2.07%) Splunk
7 3 (1.24%) Ericsson
7 3 (1.24%) Huawei
7 3 (1.24%) New Relic
7 3 (1.24%) Polycom
7 3 (1.24%) Remedy
8 2 (0.83%) Mapinfo
8 2 (0.83%) Nokia Networks
8 2 (0.83%) Salesforce.com