Period
to 20 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 30 29 25
Rank change year-on-year -1 -4 -8
Permanent jobs citing CSS 394 466 847
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 7.54% 7.57% 8.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.34% 19.48% 20.68%
Number of salaries quoted 368 413 742
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £83,750 £82,500 £78,438
90th Percentile £88,750 £95,000 £86,125
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £68,750 £62,500
% change year-on-year +1.82% +10.00% +8.70%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,148 2,392 4,095
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 41.09% 38.84% 40.51%
Number of salaries quoted 1,967 2,126 3,698
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £107,500 £97,500 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +5.06%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 June 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £50,000 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 June 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 337 (85.53%) JavaScript
2 295 (74.87%) HTML
3 221 (56.09%) Agile Software Development
4 204 (51.78%) React
5 188 (47.72%) SQL
6 165 (41.88%) Azure
7 157 (39.85%) .NET
8 153 (38.83%) C#
9 135 (34.26%) OO
9 135 (34.26%) Degree
10 127 (32.23%) DevOps
11 126 (31.98%) AngularJS
12 125 (31.73%) jQuery
13 120 (30.46%) HTML5
14 116 (29.44%) Microservices
15 107 (27.16%) SharePoint
16 105 (26.65%) CRM
16 105 (26.65%) SQL Server
16 105 (26.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 101 (25.63%) MVC
18 99 (25.13%) Finance
19 98 (24.87%) Test Automation
20 95 (24.11%) Node.js
21 86 (21.83%) Web Services
22 81 (20.56%) Dynamics CRM
23 79 (20.05%) TypeScript
24 78 (19.80%) .NET Framework
24 78 (19.80%) Continuous Integration
25 74 (18.78%) SOLID
26 73 (18.53%) .NET Core

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (27.16%) SharePoint
2 27 (6.85%) CMS
3 18 (4.57%) Drupal
4 17 (4.31%) Apache Spark
5 14 (3.55%) WordPress
6 9 (2.28%) EPiServer
7 8 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (1.78%) Apache Solr
9 6 (1.52%) Apache
9 6 (1.52%) Confluence
10 5 (1.27%) Moodle
11 4 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.51%) Mendix
13 1 (0.25%) IIS
13 1 (0.25%) nginx
13 1 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.25%) Umbraco
Applications
1 9 (2.28%) InVision
1 9 (2.28%) Sketch
2 5 (1.27%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.02%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.76%) UXPin
5 1 (0.25%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.25%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 81 (20.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (1.27%) Shopify
3 1 (0.25%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 165 (41.88%) Azure
2 67 (17.01%) PaaS
3 60 (15.23%) AWS
4 57 (14.47%) Power Platform
5 55 (13.96%) Azure Key Vault
6 54 (13.71%) Azure Active Directory
7 53 (13.45%) Azure App Service
7 53 (13.45%) Azure Service Bus
7 53 (13.45%) Azure Service Fabric
7 53 (13.45%) Azure Storage
8 43 (10.91%) PowerApps
9 37 (9.39%) SaaS
10 34 (8.63%) Dynamics 365
11 21 (5.33%) Microsoft 365
12 20 (5.08%) Power Automate
12 20 (5.08%) Serverless
13 19 (4.82%) Azure Logic Apps
14 18 (4.57%) Azure Functions
15 12 (3.05%) GitHub
16 7 (1.78%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 16 (4.06%) Extranet
2 5 (1.27%) HTTP
3 1 (0.25%) FTP
3 1 (0.25%) Internet
3 1 (0.25%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (26.65%) SQL Server
2 31 (7.87%) NoSQL
3 30 (7.61%) MySQL
4 27 (6.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 24 (6.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 22 (5.58%) Big Data
6 22 (5.58%) Power BI
7 21 (5.33%) Azure SQL Database
8 17 (4.31%) Apache Hive
8 17 (4.31%) Hadoop
9 16 (4.06%) MongoDB
9 16 (4.06%) PostgreSQL
9 16 (4.06%) Relational Database
10 8 (2.03%) Data Lake
10 8 (2.03%) Redis
11 3 (0.76%) Crystal Reports
12 2 (0.51%) Amazon RDS
12 2 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
12 2 (0.51%) Tableau
13 1 (0.25%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 66 (16.75%) Visual Studio Team System
2 64 (16.24%) Team Foundation Server
3 51 (12.94%) Git (software)
4 39 (9.90%) Visual Studio
5 15 (3.81%) JIRA
5 15 (3.81%) webpack
6 12 (3.05%) Selenium
7 10 (2.54%) Jenkins
8 8 (2.03%) Grunt
9 6 (1.52%) Jasmine
10 5 (1.27%) Cypress.io
11 4 (1.02%) Karma Test Runner
11 4 (1.02%) Moq
11 4 (1.02%) NUnit
11 4 (1.02%) Subversion
11 4 (1.02%) Travis CI
12 3 (0.76%) gulp
12 3 (0.76%) PostCSS
12 3 (0.76%) Protractor
12 3 (0.76%) SpecFlow
General
1 99 (25.13%) Finance
2 66 (16.75%) Social Skills
3 45 (11.42%) Analytical Skills
4 37 (9.39%) Marketing
5 32 (8.12%) Banking
6 23 (5.84%) Private Banking
7 7 (1.78%) Online Betting
8 5 (1.27%) Back Office
8 5 (1.27%) Law
8 5 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
9 4 (1.02%) Investment Banking
9 4 (1.02%) Publishing
9 4 (1.02%) Retail
9 4 (1.02%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.76%) Advertising
10 3 (0.76%) Public Sector
11 1 (0.25%) Front Office
11 1 (0.25%) Games
11 1 (0.25%) Music Industry
11 1 (0.25%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 290 (73.60%) Developer
2 95 (24.11%) Senior Developer
3 85 (21.57%) C# Developer
4 59 (14.97%) Azure Developer
5 58 (14.72%) .NET Developer
6 53 (13.45%) Full Stack Developer
7 49 (12.44%) C# .NET Developer
8 48 (12.18%) Senior C# Developer
9 43 (10.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 32 (8.12%) Senior .NET Developer
11 31 (7.87%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
12 30 (7.61%) Senior C# .NET Developer
13 29 (7.36%) React Developer
14 27 (6.85%) Angular Developer
15 26 (6.60%) Java Developer
15 26 (6.60%) SQL Developer
16 25 (6.35%) Consultant
16 25 (6.35%) Senior SQL Developer
17 23 (5.84%) Technical Consultant
17 23 (5.84%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 295 (74.87%) HTML
2 204 (51.78%) React
3 157 (39.85%) .NET
4 126 (31.98%) AngularJS
5 125 (31.73%) jQuery
6 120 (30.46%) HTML5
7 105 (26.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 95 (24.11%) Node.js
9 86 (21.83%) Web Services
10 78 (19.80%) .NET Framework
11 73 (18.53%) .NET Core
11 73 (18.53%) ASP.NET Web API
11 73 (18.53%) CSS3
12 67 (17.01%) Entity Framework
13 53 (13.45%) ASP.NET
14 50 (12.69%) XML
15 44 (11.17%) Sass
16 43 (10.91%) Vue.js
17 30 (7.61%) RESTful
18 27 (6.85%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 63 (15.99%) N-Tier
2 54 (13.71%) User Experience
3 28 (7.11%) Reinsurance
4 19 (4.82%) Enterprise Software
5 13 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (3.30%) Mobile App
6 12 (3.05%) Virtual Team
7 11 (2.79%) Social Media
8 7 (1.78%) Life Science
9 5 (1.27%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.27%) Blog
9 5 (1.27%) Data Structures
9 5 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
11 3 (0.76%) Data Centre
11 3 (0.76%) W3C
12 2 (0.51%) Graphic Design
12 2 (0.51%) Housing Association
13 1 (0.25%) Anti-Piracy
13 1 (0.25%) Biotechnology
Operating Systems
1 9 (2.28%) Linux
2 5 (1.27%) Windows
3 3 (0.76%) Windows Server
3 3 (0.76%) Windows Server 2019
4 2 (0.51%) Android
4 2 (0.51%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 221 (56.09%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (34.26%) OO
3 127 (32.23%) DevOps
4 116 (29.44%) Microservices
5 105 (26.65%) CRM
6 101 (25.63%) MVC
7 98 (24.87%) Test Automation
8 78 (19.80%) Continuous Integration
9 74 (18.78%) SOLID
10 67 (17.01%) Deployment Automation
10 67 (17.01%) SOA
11 64 (16.24%) Web Development
12 59 (14.97%) Computer Science
12 59 (14.97%) Mentoring
12 59 (14.97%) UML
13 58 (14.72%) Don't repeat yourself (DRY)
14 54 (13.71%) Front End Development
15 47 (11.93%) Migration
15 47 (11.93%) Software Engineering
16 46 (11.68%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 337 (85.53%) JavaScript
2 188 (47.72%) SQL
3 153 (38.83%) C#
4 79 (20.05%) TypeScript
5 70 (17.77%) T-SQL
6 58 (14.72%) PowerShell
7 57 (14.47%) Java
8 50 (12.69%) PHP
9 38 (9.64%) Python
10 37 (9.39%) ES6
11 21 (5.33%) Scala
12 20 (5.08%) Kotlin
13 9 (2.28%) ES7
14 8 (2.03%) Ruby
15 7 (1.78%) Java 8
16 5 (1.27%) R
17 4 (1.02%) Bash Shell
18 3 (0.76%) C++
19 2 (0.51%) PHP 5
19 2 (0.51%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 135 (34.26%) Degree
2 53 (13.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.54%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.54%) Security Cleared
4 8 (2.03%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.52%) CIW
5 6 (1.52%) OCA
5 6 (1.52%) OCAJ
5 6 (1.52%) Oracle Certification
6 4 (1.02%) SANS
7 2 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.06%) QA
2 13 (3.30%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.76%) WCAG
System Software
1 60 (15.23%) Docker
2 4 (1.02%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.76%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 57 (14.47%) Opscode Chef
1 57 (14.47%) Terraform
2 41 (10.41%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.25%) MIIS
Vendors
1 61 (15.48%) Microsoft
2 56 (14.21%) Nintex
3 17 (4.31%) Workday
4 9 (2.28%) Google
4 9 (2.28%) Oracle
5 7 (1.78%) Adobe
5 7 (1.78%) Databricks
5 7 (1.78%) Sitecore
6 5 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.51%) Atlassian
7 2 (0.51%) DevExpress
7 2 (0.51%) ServiceNow
7 2 (0.51%) Zend
8 1 (0.25%) Conga
8 1 (0.25%) Foundry
8 1 (0.25%) New Relic
8 1 (0.25%) Palantir
8 1 (0.25%) Progress
8 1 (0.25%) Remedy
8 1 (0.25%) VMware