Period
to 5 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 5 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
5 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 105 66 148
Rank change year-on-year -39 +82 +34
Contract jobs citing PaaS 83 59 75
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.07% 2.98% 1.30%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.61% 8.90% 3.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 58 51 59
10th Percentile £449 £409 £450
25th Percentile £525 £459 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year - +4.55% +7.32%
75th Percentile £638 £638 £638
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £575 £550
% change year-on-year - +4.55% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £52.00
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £52.00

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 1,480 663 1,992
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 36.92% 33.43% 34.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,162 526 1,584
10th Percentile £400 £319 £325
25th Percentile £475 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £600
90th Percentile £743 £650 £667
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £520
% change year-on-year +4.76% +0.96% -0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 2 19
10th Percentile " £20.25 £18.50
25th Percentile £13.88 £20.63 £19.38
Median hourly rate £14.25 £21.25 £20.83
Median % change year-on-year -32.94% +2.02% +19.03%
75th Percentile £24.31 £21.88 £22.47
90th Percentile £31.93 £22.25 £24.20
Central London median hourly rate £17.13 £21.25 £21.00
% change year-on-year -19.41% +1.19% +12.30%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the City of London

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the City of London

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in the City of London over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 5 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 55 (66.27%) Azure
2 52 (62.65%) DevOps
3 36 (43.37%) Finance
4 34 (40.96%) IaaS
5 30 (36.14%) Microsoft
6 28 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
6 28 (33.73%) SaaS
7 27 (32.53%) Terraform
8 26 (31.33%) AWS
9 22 (26.51%) Kubernetes
10 20 (24.10%) Microservices
10 20 (24.10%) Docker
10 20 (24.10%) Windows
11 19 (22.89%) Linux
12 18 (21.69%) SQL
12 18 (21.69%) Active Directory
13 17 (20.48%) Ansible
14 16 (19.28%) Social Skills
15 15 (18.07%) PowerShell
16 14 (16.87%) SQL Server
16 14 (16.87%) Jenkins
17 13 (15.66%) Azure Active Directory
17 13 (15.66%) Serverless
17 13 (15.66%) Python
18 12 (14.46%) GDPR
19 11 (13.25%) Migration
19 11 (13.25%) Data Protection
19 11 (13.25%) Test Automation
20 10 (12.05%) Analytics
20 10 (12.05%) Microsoft 365

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (4.82%) SharePoint
2 3 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
2 3 (3.61%) IIS
2 3 (3.61%) nginx
3 2 (2.41%) Apache Spark
3 2 (2.41%) Camunda
3 2 (2.41%) Confluence
3 2 (2.41%) OpenStack
4 1 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
4 1 (1.20%) CMS
4 1 (1.20%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 2 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (2.41%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (1.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 55 (66.27%) Azure
2 34 (40.96%) IaaS
3 28 (33.73%) SaaS
4 26 (31.33%) AWS
5 13 (15.66%) Azure Active Directory
5 13 (15.66%) Serverless
6 10 (12.05%) Microsoft 365
7 9 (10.84%) GCP
7 9 (10.84%) GitHub
8 7 (8.43%) Azure Key Vault
8 7 (8.43%) Azure Service Bus
9 6 (7.23%) Azure Functions
10 5 (6.02%) Azure Service Fabric
10 5 (6.02%) NuGet
11 4 (4.82%) Azure App Service
11 4 (4.82%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 4 (4.82%) iPaaS
11 4 (4.82%) Power Platform
12 3 (3.61%) Datadog
12 3 (3.61%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 9 (10.84%) Firewall
2 6 (7.23%) DNS
3 5 (6.02%) VPN
4 4 (4.82%) Internet
5 3 (3.61%) DMZ
5 3 (3.61%) Intranet
5 3 (3.61%) WAN
5 3 (3.61%) Wireless
6 2 (2.41%) DHCP
6 2 (2.41%) Remote Desktop
6 2 (2.41%) SNMP
6 2 (2.41%) SSL
6 2 (2.41%) TCP/IP
7 1 (1.20%) HTTP
7 1 (1.20%) Kerberos
7 1 (1.20%) Network Security
7 1 (1.20%) SAN
7 1 (1.20%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (16.87%) SQL Server
2 8 (9.64%) NoSQL
3 7 (8.43%) Big Data
4 6 (7.23%) MySQL
5 5 (6.02%) Data Warehouse
5 5 (6.02%) MongoDB
5 5 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (4.82%) Hadoop
6 4 (4.82%) Redis
7 3 (3.61%) Azure SQL Database
7 3 (3.61%) DataStage
8 2 (2.41%) BigQuery
8 2 (2.41%) Cloudera CDH
8 2 (2.41%) Couchbase
8 2 (2.41%) DB2
8 2 (2.41%) MariaDB
8 2 (2.41%) Parquet
8 2 (2.41%) Relational Database
8 2 (2.41%) SQL Server 2012
8 2 (2.41%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 14 (16.87%) Jenkins
2 9 (10.84%) Sonatype Nexus
3 6 (7.23%) GitLab
4 5 (6.02%) SonarQube
5 4 (4.82%) Bitbucket
5 4 (4.82%) Cucumber
5 4 (4.82%) Maven
5 4 (4.82%) Robot Framework
5 4 (4.82%) Selenium
5 4 (4.82%) Subversion
6 3 (3.61%) Artifactory
6 3 (3.61%) Git (software)
6 3 (3.61%) TeamCity
7 2 (2.41%) JIRA
General
1 36 (43.37%) Finance
2 16 (19.28%) Social Skills
3 9 (10.84%) Financial Institution
3 9 (10.84%) Legal
4 8 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (6.02%) Front Office
6 4 (4.82%) Public Sector
7 3 (3.61%) Back Office
8 2 (2.41%) Banking
8 2 (2.41%) Law
9 1 (1.20%) International Banking
9 1 (1.20%) Marketing
9 1 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 26 (31.33%) Architect
2 15 (18.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 11 (13.25%) Solutions Architect
4 10 (12.05%) Azure Engineer
5 8 (9.64%) Azure Architect
6 7 (8.43%) Cloud Engineer
7 6 (7.23%) Data Architect
7 6 (7.23%) Developer
8 5 (6.02%) Enterprise Architect
8 5 (6.02%) Enterprise Solutions Architect
8 5 (6.02%) Lead DevOps
9 4 (4.82%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 3 (3.61%) Azure Developer
10 3 (3.61%) Azure DevOps
10 3 (3.61%) Integration Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Microsoft 365 Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Security Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Senior Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Senior DevOps
10 3 (3.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (12.05%) .NET
2 9 (10.84%) Web Services
3 7 (8.43%) ARM Templates
4 5 (6.02%) .NET Core
4 5 (6.02%) OAuth
4 5 (6.02%) RESTful
5 4 (4.82%) Entity Framework
5 4 (4.82%) YAML
6 3 (3.61%) .NET Framework
6 3 (3.61%) ASP.NET Web API
6 3 (3.61%) CSS
6 3 (3.61%) Elastic Stack
6 3 (3.61%) JSON
6 3 (3.61%) JWT
6 3 (3.61%) RabbitMQ
6 3 (3.61%) React
7 2 (2.41%) Azure Blueprints
7 2 (2.41%) gRPC
7 2 (2.41%) HTML
7 2 (2.41%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 9 (10.84%) Greenfield Project
1 9 (10.84%) Hedge funds
1 9 (10.84%) Public Cloud
2 7 (8.43%) Data Centre
3 4 (4.82%) Cloud Native
3 4 (4.82%) Hybrid Cloud
4 3 (3.61%) Analytical Mindset
5 2 (2.41%) Data Structures
5 2 (2.41%) Legacy Systems
5 2 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
5 2 (2.41%) Market Risk
5 2 (2.41%) PKI
5 2 (2.41%) Self-Motivation
5 2 (2.41%) User Experience
6 1 (1.20%) Client/Server
6 1 (1.20%) Clustering
6 1 (1.20%) Enterprise Cloud
6 1 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (1.20%) N-Tier
6 1 (1.20%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 20 (24.10%) Windows
2 19 (22.89%) Linux
3 7 (8.43%) Unix
4 3 (3.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (3.61%) Windows Server
4 3 (3.61%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (2.41%) Debian
5 2 (2.41%) Ubuntu
5 2 (2.41%) Windows Server 2016
6 1 (1.20%) CentOS
6 1 (1.20%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 52 (62.65%) DevOps
2 28 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
3 20 (24.10%) Microservices
4 11 (13.25%) Data Protection
4 11 (13.25%) Migration
4 11 (13.25%) Test Automation
5 10 (12.05%) Analytics
6 9 (10.84%) SDLC
6 9 (10.84%) Security Architecture
7 8 (9.64%) CRM
7 8 (9.64%) Infrastructure as Code
7 8 (9.64%) Release Management
8 7 (8.43%) AOP
8 7 (8.43%) Continuous Improvement
8 7 (8.43%) Deployment Automation
8 7 (8.43%) Stakeholder Management
9 6 (7.23%) Configuration Management
9 6 (7.23%) Enterprise Architecture
9 6 (7.23%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 6 (7.23%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 18 (21.69%) SQL
2 15 (18.07%) PowerShell
3 13 (15.66%) Python
4 6 (7.23%) Groovy
5 5 (6.02%) Bash Shell
5 5 (6.02%) C#
5 5 (6.02%) JavaScript
6 4 (4.82%) Java
6 4 (4.82%) T-SQL
7 3 (3.61%) PHP
7 3 (3.61%) Ruby
8 2 (2.41%) R
8 2 (2.41%) VB
9 1 (1.20%) Bicep
9 1 (1.20%) C
9 1 (1.20%) Go
9 1 (1.20%) Perl
9 1 (1.20%) VBA
Qualifications
1 6 (7.23%) Degree
2 5 (6.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (3.61%) CISSP
3 3 (3.61%) SC Cleared
3 3 (3.61%) Security Cleared
4 2 (2.41%) APMP
4 2 (2.41%) AWS Certification
5 1 (1.20%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (14.46%) GDPR
2 5 (6.02%) Data Quality
3 4 (4.82%) COBIT
3 4 (4.82%) NCSC
4 2 (2.41%) QA
4 2 (2.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (1.20%) FedRAMP
5 1 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (1.20%) NIST
System Software
1 20 (24.10%) Docker
2 18 (21.69%) Active Directory
3 3 (3.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (2.41%) vCloud
5 1 (1.20%) LXC
5 1 (1.20%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 27 (32.53%) Terraform
2 22 (26.51%) Kubernetes
3 17 (20.48%) Ansible
4 5 (6.02%) Puppet
5 4 (4.82%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 3 (3.61%) BladeLogic
6 3 (3.61%) ITRS Geneos
6 3 (3.61%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (2.41%) Consul
7 2 (2.41%) Fluentd
7 2 (2.41%) FortiGate
7 2 (2.41%) Grafana
7 2 (2.41%) HAProxy
7 2 (2.41%) Nagios
7 2 (2.41%) Netcool
7 2 (2.41%) Prometheus
7 2 (2.41%) ZABBIX
8 1 (1.20%) CASB
8 1 (1.20%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (1.20%) QRadar
Vendors
1 30 (36.14%) Microsoft
2 7 (8.43%) Splunk
2 7 (8.43%) VMware
3 6 (7.23%) CyberArk
3 6 (7.23%) Oracle
3 6 (7.23%) Red Hat
3 6 (7.23%) Salesforce.com
4 4 (4.82%) Citrix
4 4 (4.82%) Databricks
5 3 (3.61%) AppDynamics
5 3 (3.61%) Cisco
5 3 (3.61%) Google
6 2 (2.41%) CA
6 2 (2.41%) Charles River
6 2 (2.41%) Cloudera
6 2 (2.41%) Pega
6 2 (2.41%) Qualys
6 2 (2.41%) Sonatype
7 1 (1.20%) BMC
7 1 (1.20%) Informatica