Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 146 230
Rank change year-on-year +75 +84 +217
Permanent jobs citing Serverless 4,172 1,452 2,033
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.15% 2.30% 1.53%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.55% 6.26% 5.00%
Number of salaries quoted 2,253 1,239 1,535
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £52,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +12.50%
75th Percentile £97,500 £88,625 £85,000
90th Percentile £126,250 £110,000 £97,500
UK median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +12.50%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 43,685 23,189 40,639
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 43.44% 36.72% 30.55%
Number of salaries quoted 31,473 19,355 33,683
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +3.77%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Salary trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +62 3,015 £85,000 +6.25% 331
North of England +2 354 £60,000 +14.29% 94
South East -14 269 £62,500 -3.85% 52
North West +17 201 £60,000 +14.29% 71
South West +33 200 £45,000 -14.29% 27
Midlands +6 191 £60,000 +20.00% 49
Yorkshire -36 135 £60,000 +13.21% 17
West Midlands -21 130 £62,500 +21.95% 35
East of England -25 65 £53,000 +0.33% 30
East Midlands -5 61 £48,750 -2.50% 13
North East -10 18 £50,000 - 6
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 3,165 (75.86%) AWS
2 2,318 (55.56%) Agile Software Development
3 2,045 (49.02%) AWS Lambda
4 1,734 (41.56%) Python
5 1,602 (38.40%) JavaScript
6 1,584 (37.97%) Software Engineering
7 1,570 (37.63%) DevOps
8 1,531 (36.70%) React
9 1,483 (35.55%) Microservices
10 1,471 (35.26%) Docker
11 1,303 (31.23%) Azure
12 1,238 (29.67%) Terraform
13 1,200 (28.76%) Node.js
14 1,171 (28.07%) Java
15 1,147 (27.49%) Kubernetes
16 1,107 (26.53%) Finance
17 1,017 (24.38%) TypeScript
18 996 (23.87%) SQL
19 990 (23.73%) GCP
20 928 (22.24%) Full Stack Development
20 928 (22.24%) Web Services
21 809 (19.39%) TDD
22 796 (19.08%) .NET
23 782 (18.74%) Amazon S3
24 781 (18.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
25 775 (18.58%) C#
26 760 (18.22%) Social Skills
27 658 (15.77%) Continuous Integration
28 634 (15.20%) Jenkins
29 625 (14.98%) REST

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 323 (7.74%) Elasticsearch
2 202 (4.84%) Apache
3 161 (3.86%) Confluence
4 148 (3.55%) Apache Spark
5 96 (2.30%) Apache Airflow
6 50 (1.20%) SharePoint
7 46 (1.10%) CMS
8 42 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
9 27 (0.65%) IIS
10 26 (0.62%) WordPress
11 25 (0.60%) nginx
12 19 (0.46%) Drupal
13 15 (0.36%) Umbraco
14 13 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
15 12 (0.29%) Apache Pulsar
15 12 (0.29%) OpenStack
16 11 (0.26%) IBM Domino
17 10 (0.24%) Tomcat
18 9 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 8 (0.19%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 21 (0.50%) Chatbot
2 10 (0.24%) Figma
3 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.14%) Revit
6 5 (0.12%) Adobe XD
6 5 (0.12%) AutoCAD
6 5 (0.12%) Sketch
7 2 (0.048%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.024%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 58 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.29%) Magento
3 6 (0.14%) Summit
4 5 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
5 4 (0.096%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.096%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.024%) Maximo
6 1 (0.024%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 3,165 (75.86%) AWS
2 2,045 (49.02%) AWS Lambda
3 1,303 (31.23%) Azure
4 990 (23.73%) GCP
5 782 (18.74%) Amazon S3
6 606 (14.53%) Amazon EC2
7 514 (12.32%) Amazon ECS
8 479 (11.48%) AWS CloudFormation
9 434 (10.40%) Azure Functions
10 418 (10.02%) Amazon SQS
11 381 (9.13%) SaaS
12 365 (8.75%) GitHub
13 334 (8.01%) PaaS
14 236 (5.66%) AWS Step Functions
15 190 (4.55%) Amazon EKS
16 176 (4.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 173 (4.15%) IaaS
18 158 (3.79%) Cloud Functions
18 158 (3.79%) CloudFront
19 149 (3.57%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 136 (3.26%) HTTP
2 62 (1.49%) DNS
3 48 (1.15%) Firewall
4 31 (0.74%) Broadband
5 26 (0.62%) TCP/IP
6 23 (0.55%) Internet
7 15 (0.36%) Network Security
7 15 (0.36%) VPN
8 12 (0.29%) SSH
8 12 (0.29%) SSL
8 12 (0.29%) WebEx
9 7 (0.17%) Software-Defined Networking
10 6 (0.14%) MQTT
10 6 (0.14%) VLAN
11 5 (0.12%) FTP
11 5 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
11 5 (0.12%) RTP
11 5 (0.12%) WAN
12 4 (0.096%) SD-WAN
12 4 (0.096%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 781 (18.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 534 (12.80%) PostgreSQL
3 483 (11.58%) MySQL
4 449 (10.76%) NoSQL
5 442 (10.59%) Amazon RDS
6 440 (10.55%) SQL Server
7 336 (8.05%) Big Data
8 290 (6.95%) MongoDB
9 280 (6.71%) Relational Database
10 263 (6.30%) Amazon Aurora
10 263 (6.30%) Redis
11 171 (4.10%) Amazon Athena
12 130 (3.12%) Hadoop
13 118 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
14 116 (2.78%) Amazon Redshift
15 97 (2.33%) Power BI
16 92 (2.21%) RDBMS
17 90 (2.16%) Azure SQL Database
18 89 (2.13%) BigQuery
19 77 (1.85%) Apache Ignite
Development Applications
1 634 (15.20%) Jenkins
2 513 (12.30%) Git (software)
3 271 (6.50%) JIRA
4 252 (6.04%) GitLab
5 143 (3.43%) Cypress.io
6 134 (3.21%) Selenium
7 128 (3.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 106 (2.54%) webpack
9 100 (2.40%) Bitbucket
10 98 (2.35%) Postman
11 92 (2.21%) TeamCity
12 77 (1.85%) JMeter
13 75 (1.80%) CircleCI
14 72 (1.73%) SonarQube
15 71 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
16 65 (1.56%) Visual Studio
17 64 (1.53%) Artifactory
18 54 (1.29%) SpecFlow
19 53 (1.27%) JUnit
20 51 (1.22%) Maven
General
1 1,107 (26.53%) Finance
2 760 (18.22%) Social Skills
3 261 (6.26%) Banking
4 231 (5.54%) Retail
5 210 (5.03%) Front Office
6 170 (4.07%) Public Sector
7 165 (3.95%) Marketing
8 159 (3.81%) Games
9 134 (3.21%) Analytical Skills
10 129 (3.09%) Legal
11 101 (2.42%) Presentation Skills
12 64 (1.53%) Influencing Skills
13 49 (1.17%) Manufacturing
14 48 (1.15%) Telecoms
15 43 (1.03%) Financial Institution
15 43 (1.03%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 38 (0.91%) Law
16 38 (0.91%) Organisational Skills
17 35 (0.84%) Automotive
18 34 (0.81%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,684 (40.36%) Developer
2 1,001 (23.99%) Software Engineer
3 464 (11.12%) AWS Engineer
4 423 (10.14%) DevOps Engineer
5 381 (9.13%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 326 (7.81%) Senior Developer
7 313 (7.50%) React Developer
8 306 (7.33%) Full Stack Developer
9 285 (6.83%) Senior Software Engineer
10 262 (6.28%) Java Developer
11 244 (5.85%) Python Engineer
12 231 (5.54%) AWS Developer
13 225 (5.39%) Architect
14 215 (5.15%) AWS Software Engineer
15 198 (4.75%) Data Engineer
16 164 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
17 163 (3.91%) Python Developer
18 157 (3.76%) Python Software Engineer
19 153 (3.67%) .NET Developer
20 139 (3.33%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,531 (36.70%) React
2 1,200 (28.76%) Node.js
3 928 (22.24%) Web Services
4 796 (19.08%) .NET
5 625 (14.98%) REST
6 580 (13.90%) GraphQL
7 469 (11.24%) AngularJS
8 422 (10.12%) CSS
9 394 (9.44%) .NET Core
10 332 (7.96%) HTML
11 314 (7.53%) React Native
12 279 (6.69%) RESTful
13 258 (6.18%) Kafka
14 249 (5.97%) Material-UI
15 244 (5.85%) Vue.js
16 237 (5.68%) Spring
17 183 (4.39%) Serverless Framework
18 169 (4.05%) Middleware
19 167 (4.00%) Next.js
20 165 (3.95%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 299 (7.17%) User Experience
2 231 (5.54%) Hedge funds
3 213 (5.11%) Greenfield Project
4 204 (4.89%) Mobile App
5 185 (4.43%) Cloud Native
6 135 (3.24%) Legacy Systems
7 133 (3.19%) Derivative
8 132 (3.16%) Pricing Data
9 126 (3.02%) Public Cloud
10 97 (2.33%) Equities
11 92 (2.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 89 (2.13%) Fixed Income
13 77 (1.85%) Algorithms
14 73 (1.75%) NHS
15 71 (1.70%) Virtual Team
16 61 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
17 60 (1.44%) Blog
18 55 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
18 55 (1.32%) Management Information System
19 52 (1.25%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 313 (7.50%) Linux
2 175 (4.19%) Windows
3 100 (2.40%) Apple iOS
4 86 (2.06%) Android
5 84 (2.01%) Unix
6 41 (0.98%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.55%) Mesosphere
8 19 (0.46%) Ubuntu
9 16 (0.38%) Windows 10
10 15 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 11 (0.26%) CentOS
11 11 (0.26%) Mac OS
12 8 (0.19%) VMS
13 4 (0.096%) Amazon Linux
13 4 (0.096%) SUSE
13 4 (0.096%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.072%) Windows Server 2019
15 2 (0.048%) Alpine Linux
15 2 (0.048%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.024%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,318 (55.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1,584 (37.97%) Software Engineering
3 1,570 (37.63%) DevOps
4 1,483 (35.55%) Microservices
5 928 (22.24%) Full Stack Development
6 809 (19.39%) TDD
7 658 (15.77%) Continuous Integration
8 625 (14.98%) Infrastructure as Code
9 605 (14.50%) Scrum
10 596 (14.29%) Test Automation
11 582 (13.95%) Analytics
12 562 (13.47%) Asset Management
13 520 (12.46%) Problem-Solving
14 487 (11.67%) Mentoring
15 415 (9.95%) BDD
16 400 (9.59%) Event-Driven
17 378 (9.06%) Open Source
18 350 (8.39%) Artificial Intelligence
19 342 (8.20%) Coaching
20 340 (8.15%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,734 (41.56%) Python
2 1,602 (38.40%) JavaScript
3 1,171 (28.07%) Java
4 1,017 (24.38%) TypeScript
5 996 (23.87%) SQL
6 775 (18.58%) C#
7 324 (7.77%) Go
8 246 (5.90%) PowerShell
9 241 (5.78%) PHP
10 232 (5.56%) Scala
11 205 (4.91%) Bash Shell
12 167 (4.00%) Java 8
13 153 (3.67%) Kotlin
14 134 (3.21%) Ruby
15 127 (3.04%) ES6
16 97 (2.33%) Clojure
17 84 (2.01%) T-SQL
18 68 (1.63%) Rust
19 62 (1.49%) C++
20 57 (1.37%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 307 (7.36%) Degree
2 202 (4.84%) Security Cleared
3 181 (4.34%) SC Cleared
4 138 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 85 (2.04%) AWS Certification
6 52 (1.25%) Master's Degree
7 41 (0.98%) OCP
7 41 (0.98%) Oracle Certification
8 21 (0.50%) PhD
9 18 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
10 15 (0.36%) CISSP
10 15 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
11 11 (0.26%) MBA
12 10 (0.24%) CISA
12 10 (0.24%) CISM
13 7 (0.17%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.14%) ISTQB
14 6 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 5 (0.12%) ISSAP
15 5 (0.12%) ISSEP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 304 (7.29%) QA
2 111 (2.66%) GDPR
3 81 (1.94%) Accessibility
4 27 (0.65%) Data Quality
5 18 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.22%) GxP
8 8 (0.19%) NIST
8 8 (0.19%) SLA
9 7 (0.17%) COBIT
10 5 (0.12%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.072%) IEC 62304
11 3 (0.072%) ISO 13485
12 2 (0.048%) Actionable Recommendations
12 2 (0.048%) CDISC
12 2 (0.048%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.048%) ISO 20022
12 2 (0.048%) WCAG
13 1 (0.024%) PSD2
13 1 (0.024%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,471 (35.26%) Docker
2 58 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (0.70%) VirtualBox
5 23 (0.55%) ISA Server
6 17 (0.41%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
8 6 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.14%) Varnish
9 4 (0.096%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.096%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.048%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 2 (0.048%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.048%) vSphere
11 1 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,238 (29.67%) Terraform
2 1,147 (27.49%) Kubernetes
3 295 (7.07%) Ansible
4 201 (4.82%) Grafana
5 193 (4.63%) Prometheus
6 103 (2.47%) Opscode Chef
7 92 (2.21%) Puppet
8 44 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
9 41 (0.98%) Kibana
10 32 (0.77%) Graphite
11 30 (0.72%) Opsgenie
12 26 (0.62%) Graylog
13 24 (0.58%) Istio
14 23 (0.55%) Automic
15 22 (0.53%) Consul
15 22 (0.53%) logstash
16 20 (0.48%) Packer
17 19 (0.46%) Mesos
18 15 (0.36%) yum
19 12 (0.29%) Rancher
Vendors
1 555 (13.30%) Google
2 354 (8.49%) Microsoft
3 194 (4.65%) Oracle
4 80 (1.92%) Splunk
5 64 (1.53%) Sybase
6 57 (1.37%) New Relic
7 47 (1.13%) Atlassian
8 46 (1.10%) Databricks
8 46 (1.10%) IBM
9 34 (0.81%) Cloudera
10 33 (0.79%) Informatica
10 33 (0.79%) Samsung
10 33 (0.79%) Talend
11 30 (0.72%) Netlify
12 29 (0.70%) Hortonworks
13 28 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
14 26 (0.62%) Adobe
14 26 (0.62%) SAP
15 25 (0.60%) Facebook
15 25 (0.60%) Sony