Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 65 115 211
Rank change year-on-year +50 +96 +185
Permanent jobs citing Serverless 4,987 1,298 2,104
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.47% 2.86% 1.67%
As % of the Cloud Services category 10.22% 7.02% 5.18%
Number of salaries quoted 2,514 1,179 1,650
10th Percentile £45,638 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £57,500 £53,750 £51,228
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.71% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £126,250 £122,500 £102,625
UK median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +8.00%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 48,815 18,499 40,639
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 43.80% 40.70% 32.33%
Number of salaries quoted 34,224 15,855 33,864
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Salary trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +29 3,383 £85,000 +6.25% 355
South East +18 473 £60,000 -7.69% 51
North of England +11 434 £60,000 +20.00% 79
North West +16 249 £55,000 +4.76% 55
South West +38 216 £55,000 +5.68% 30
Midlands -32 214 £60,000 +9.09% 59
Yorkshire -38 165 £65,000 +30.00% 17
West Midlands -16 153 £60,000 +9.09% 34
East of England +5 149 £52,500 -10.64% 28
East Midlands -27 61 £47,500 -5.00% 25
North East -13 20 £47,500 +2.70% 7
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 3,780 (75.80%) AWS
2 2,817 (56.49%) Agile Software Development
3 2,358 (47.28%) AWS Lambda
4 2,033 (40.77%) DevOps
5 2,024 (40.59%) Python
6 2,008 (40.26%) JavaScript
7 1,872 (37.54%) Software Engineering
8 1,803 (36.15%) Azure
9 1,776 (35.61%) React
10 1,759 (35.27%) Microservices
11 1,740 (34.89%) Docker
12 1,593 (31.94%) Java
13 1,519 (30.46%) Node.js
14 1,471 (29.50%) Terraform
15 1,379 (27.65%) Kubernetes
16 1,332 (26.71%) Finance
17 1,240 (24.86%) TypeScript
18 1,139 (22.84%) SQL
19 1,138 (22.82%) Full Stack Development
20 1,071 (21.48%) GCP
21 1,070 (21.46%) Web Services
22 1,046 (20.97%) C#
23 991 (19.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 955 (19.15%) Amazon S3
25 927 (18.59%) Social Skills
26 915 (18.35%) TDD
27 912 (18.29%) .NET
28 848 (17.00%) Continuous Integration
29 838 (16.80%) Analytics
30 818 (16.40%) Test Automation

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 348 (6.98%) Elasticsearch
2 246 (4.93%) Apache
3 189 (3.79%) Confluence
4 181 (3.63%) Apache Spark
5 98 (1.97%) Apache Airflow
6 52 (1.04%) CMS
7 29 (0.58%) SharePoint
8 28 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
9 27 (0.54%) nginx
10 26 (0.52%) Tomcat
11 25 (0.50%) WordPress
12 24 (0.48%) IIS
13 23 (0.46%) WebLogic
14 20 (0.40%) JBoss
15 17 (0.34%) Drupal
16 16 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
17 15 (0.30%) Apache Solr
18 14 (0.28%) Umbraco
19 13 (0.26%) IBM Domino
19 13 (0.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 25 (0.50%) Chatbot
2 23 (0.46%) Figma
3 12 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.22%) Sketch
5 5 (0.10%) Adobe XD
6 2 (0.040%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.040%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.040%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.020%) Revit
Business Applications
1 35 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
1 35 (0.70%) Sentinel
2 13 (0.26%) Magento
3 8 (0.16%) Shopify
4 5 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
5 4 (0.080%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.080%) Summit
6 2 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.020%) FINCAD Analytics
7 1 (0.020%) Maximo
7 1 (0.020%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 3,780 (75.80%) AWS
2 2,358 (47.28%) AWS Lambda
3 1,803 (36.15%) Azure
4 1,071 (21.48%) GCP
5 955 (19.15%) Amazon S3
6 680 (13.64%) Amazon EC2
7 561 (11.25%) Amazon ECS
8 535 (10.73%) GitHub
9 504 (10.11%) Azure Functions
10 499 (10.01%) Amazon SQS
11 489 (9.81%) AWS CloudFormation
12 457 (9.16%) SaaS
13 351 (7.04%) AWS Step Functions
14 344 (6.90%) PaaS
15 257 (5.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 255 (5.11%) Amazon EKS
17 221 (4.43%) Cloud Computing
18 218 (4.37%) Amazon Kinesis
19 199 (3.99%) OpenShift
20 194 (3.89%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 151 (3.03%) HTTP
2 89 (1.78%) DNS
3 66 (1.32%) Firewall
4 52 (1.04%) Broadband
5 46 (0.92%) Cisco IPT
5 46 (0.92%) Internet
6 40 (0.80%) TCP/IP
7 28 (0.56%) VPN
8 19 (0.38%) MQTT
9 17 (0.34%) WebEx
10 15 (0.30%) SSL
11 11 (0.22%) Network Security
11 11 (0.22%) SSH
12 9 (0.18%) 5G
12 9 (0.18%) IPv6
12 9 (0.18%) RTSP
12 9 (0.18%) UPnP
13 7 (0.14%) HTTPS
14 6 (0.12%) Intranet
14 6 (0.12%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 991 (19.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 638 (12.79%) PostgreSQL
3 541 (10.85%) NoSQL
4 532 (10.67%) Amazon RDS
5 518 (10.39%) SQL Server
6 458 (9.18%) MySQL
7 398 (7.98%) Big Data
8 352 (7.06%) MongoDB
9 312 (6.26%) Amazon Aurora
10 284 (5.69%) Redis
11 277 (5.55%) Amazon Athena
12 268 (5.37%) Relational Database
13 167 (3.35%) Amazon Redshift
14 144 (2.89%) Data Lake
15 124 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
15 124 (2.49%) Hadoop
16 105 (2.11%) Apache Ignite
17 96 (1.93%) Power BI
18 72 (1.44%) Azure SQL Database
19 64 (1.28%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 751 (15.06%) Jenkins
2 683 (13.70%) Git (software)
3 356 (7.14%) JIRA
4 312 (6.26%) GitLab
5 150 (3.01%) Cypress.io
6 149 (2.99%) Selenium
7 130 (2.61%) Bitbucket
8 128 (2.57%) webpack
9 123 (2.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 100 (2.01%) Octopus Deploy
10 100 (2.01%) TeamCity
11 95 (1.90%) SonarQube
12 91 (1.82%) Artifactory
13 85 (1.70%) CircleCI
14 77 (1.54%) Postman
15 76 (1.52%) JMeter
16 64 (1.28%) Maven
17 58 (1.16%) NUnit
18 57 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
19 53 (1.06%) SpecFlow
General
1 1,332 (26.71%) Finance
2 927 (18.59%) Social Skills
3 365 (7.32%) Banking
4 321 (6.44%) Retail
5 288 (5.78%) Front Office
6 204 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
7 174 (3.49%) Games
8 173 (3.47%) Marketing
9 156 (3.13%) Public Sector
10 120 (2.41%) Legal
11 102 (2.05%) Presentation Skills
12 85 (1.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 73 (1.46%) Manufacturing
14 69 (1.38%) Influencing Skills
15 56 (1.12%) Organisational Skills
16 51 (1.02%) Automotive
17 49 (0.98%) Telecoms
18 44 (0.88%) Law
19 42 (0.84%) Financial Institution
20 34 (0.68%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,951 (39.12%) Developer
2 1,222 (24.50%) Software Engineer
3 501 (10.05%) AWS Engineer
4 455 (9.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 443 (8.88%) DevOps Engineer
6 407 (8.16%) Senior Developer
7 376 (7.54%) Architect
8 342 (6.86%) Java Developer
9 321 (6.44%) Full Stack Developer
10 311 (6.24%) React Developer
11 296 (5.94%) Senior Software Engineer
12 254 (5.09%) Python Engineer
13 249 (4.99%) AWS Developer
14 242 (4.85%) AWS Software Engineer
15 232 (4.65%) Data Engineer
16 225 (4.51%) Cloud Engineer
17 200 (4.01%) Python Developer
18 199 (3.99%) .NET Developer
19 197 (3.95%) Python Software Engineer
20 153 (3.07%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,776 (35.61%) React
2 1,519 (30.46%) Node.js
3 1,070 (21.46%) Web Services
4 912 (18.29%) .NET
5 711 (14.26%) REST
6 647 (12.97%) GraphQL
7 532 (10.67%) AngularJS
8 426 (8.54%) CSS
9 404 (8.10%) .NET Core
10 397 (7.96%) HTML
11 368 (7.38%) Kafka
12 362 (7.26%) RESTful
13 357 (7.16%) Spring
14 346 (6.94%) React Native
15 312 (6.26%) Vue.js
16 255 (5.11%) JSON
17 238 (4.77%) Material-UI
18 216 (4.33%) Middleware
19 209 (4.19%) ASP.NET Web API
20 204 (4.09%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 393 (7.88%) Cloud Native
2 382 (7.66%) User Experience
3 283 (5.67%) Hedge funds
4 257 (5.15%) Mobile App
5 246 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
6 245 (4.91%) Public Cloud
7 151 (3.03%) Derivative
8 148 (2.97%) Pricing Data
9 135 (2.71%) Algorithms
10 124 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 123 (2.47%) Self-Motivation
11 123 (2.47%) Virtual Team
12 121 (2.43%) Equities
13 117 (2.35%) Fixed Income
14 109 (2.19%) Enterprise Software
15 108 (2.17%) Management Information System
16 87 (1.74%) Social Media
17 85 (1.70%) Legacy Systems
18 84 (1.68%) Data Structures
19 63 (1.26%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 447 (8.96%) Linux
2 363 (7.28%) Windows
3 160 (3.21%) Apple iOS
4 148 (2.97%) Android
5 141 (2.83%) Unix
6 48 (0.96%) Windows Server
7 46 (0.92%) Mac OS
8 34 (0.68%) Mesosphere
9 15 (0.30%) VMS
10 14 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 10 (0.20%) Windows 10
12 9 (0.18%) CentOS
13 8 (0.16%) Ubuntu
14 5 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
14 5 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
15 4 (0.080%) Mac OS X
16 3 (0.060%) Debian
17 2 (0.040%) Windows Server 2003
17 2 (0.040%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,817 (56.49%) Agile Software Development
2 2,033 (40.77%) DevOps
3 1,872 (37.54%) Software Engineering
4 1,759 (35.27%) Microservices
5 1,138 (22.82%) Full Stack Development
6 915 (18.35%) TDD
7 848 (17.00%) Continuous Integration
8 838 (16.80%) Analytics
9 818 (16.40%) Test Automation
10 717 (14.38%) Scrum
11 656 (13.15%) Asset Management
12 645 (12.93%) Mentoring
13 634 (12.71%) Infrastructure as Code
14 590 (11.83%) Problem-Solving
15 524 (10.51%) Event-Driven
16 490 (9.83%) Artificial Intelligence
17 457 (9.16%) Data Science
18 446 (8.94%) Open Source
19 439 (8.80%) BDD
20 434 (8.70%) Event-Driven Architecture
Programming Languages
1 2,024 (40.59%) Python
2 2,008 (40.26%) JavaScript
3 1,593 (31.94%) Java
4 1,240 (24.86%) TypeScript
5 1,139 (22.84%) SQL
6 1,046 (20.97%) C#
7 441 (8.84%) Go
8 350 (7.02%) PowerShell
9 320 (6.42%) Scala
10 288 (5.78%) Bash Shell
11 253 (5.07%) PHP
12 214 (4.29%) Kotlin
13 211 (4.23%) Java 8
14 172 (3.45%) Ruby
15 128 (2.57%) ES6
16 124 (2.49%) Clojure
17 123 (2.47%) C++
18 106 (2.13%) C
19 90 (1.80%) Perl
20 81 (1.62%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 499 (10.01%) Degree
2 229 (4.59%) Security Cleared
3 226 (4.53%) AWS Certification
4 204 (4.09%) SC Cleared
5 140 (2.81%) Computer Science Degree
6 88 (1.76%) Microsoft Certification
7 55 (1.10%) Master's Degree
8 54 (1.08%) CISSP
9 50 (1.00%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 50 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
10 40 (0.80%) SANS
11 34 (0.68%) GCFA
11 34 (0.68%) GCFE
11 34 (0.68%) GCIA
11 34 (0.68%) GCIH
12 32 (0.64%) OCP
12 32 (0.64%) Oracle Certification
13 29 (0.58%) PhD
14 14 (0.28%) CCSP
15 11 (0.22%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 427 (8.56%) QA
2 114 (2.29%) GDPR
3 76 (1.52%) Accessibility
4 35 (0.70%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 19 (0.38%) GxP
7 16 (0.32%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.18%) SLA
9 6 (0.12%) NIST
9 6 (0.12%) SOC 2
10 4 (0.080%) IASME
10 4 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 4 (0.080%) WCAG
11 3 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.060%) IEC 62304
11 3 (0.060%) ISO 13485
12 2 (0.040%) CDISC
12 2 (0.040%) PSD2
13 1 (0.020%) DICOM
13 1 (0.020%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,740 (34.89%) Docker
2 167 (3.35%) Active Directory
3 83 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (0.50%) Hyper-V
6 21 (0.42%) ISA Server
7 10 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.20%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
8 8 (0.16%) XenApp
9 5 (0.10%) KVM
9 5 (0.10%) Varnish
10 4 (0.080%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.060%) Firmware
11 3 (0.060%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.040%) vSphere
13 1 (0.020%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 1,471 (29.50%) Terraform
2 1,379 (27.65%) Kubernetes
3 378 (7.58%) Ansible
4 229 (4.59%) Grafana
5 204 (4.09%) Prometheus
6 143 (2.87%) Puppet
7 136 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
8 69 (1.38%) Kibana
9 48 (0.96%) logstash
9 48 (0.96%) Opsgenie
10 39 (0.78%) Graphite
11 35 (0.70%) Automic
11 35 (0.70%) Istio
12 34 (0.68%) Consul
13 30 (0.60%) Graylog
14 27 (0.54%) HAProxy
15 25 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
16 24 (0.48%) Packer
16 24 (0.48%) Pingdom
17 22 (0.44%) Mesos
Vendors
1 604 (12.11%) Google
2 516 (10.35%) Microsoft
3 192 (3.85%) Oracle
4 115 (2.31%) Databricks
5 92 (1.84%) VMware
6 87 (1.74%) Splunk
7 78 (1.56%) Citrix
8 64 (1.28%) Red Hat
9 63 (1.26%) New Relic
10 50 (1.00%) Atlassian
11 40 (0.80%) Facebook
12 32 (0.64%) Sony
13 29 (0.58%) Apple
13 29 (0.58%) Netlify
13 29 (0.58%) SAP
14 28 (0.56%) IBM
15 27 (0.54%) Samsung
16 25 (0.50%) Adobe
16 25 (0.50%) Salesforce.com
17 22 (0.44%) Informatica