Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 152 191 184
Rank change year-on-year +39 -7 -18
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,202 400 1,195
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.78% 1.47% 1.54%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.48% 3.42% 3.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 856 270 933
10th Percentile £453 £374 £425
25th Percentile £513 £438 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £520 £575
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% -9.57% +4.55%
75th Percentile £682 £588 £656
90th Percentile £741 £650 £725
UK median daily rate £600 £520 £575
% change year-on-year +15.38% -9.57% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 1
Median hourly rate £25.75 £57.50 £16.00
Median % change year-on-year -55.22% +259.38% -65.09%
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £57.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -54.78% +259.38% -31.89%

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,857 11,687 32,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.71% 42.93% 42.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,639 8,298 23,301
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £488
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +1.54% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £598 £575
90th Percentile £713 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £481 £475
% change year-on-year +9.20% +1.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 401 238 584
10th Percentile £17.39 £11.17 £18.21
25th Percentile £25.25 £21.00 £33.25
Median hourly rate £45.50 £37.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.33% -16.67% +6.49%
75th Percentile £58.71 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £66.00 £55.00 £55.35
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £37.71 £44.50
% change year-on-year +20.65% -15.25% +5.95%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Scala as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in England

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Scala in England.

Daily rate trend for Scala in England

Scala
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Scala in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Scala in England

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Scala in England.

Hourly rate trend for Scala in England

Scala
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +20 814 £625 +13.64% 175
North of England -1 95 £495 +20.36% 48
Midlands -14 86 £540 +9.09% 31
West Midlands -17 77 £540 +9.09% 25
South East -66 71 £540 +9.09% 18
Yorkshire +9 66 £488 +13.70% 18
North West -37 26 £520 +13.04% 14
South West -56 26 £550 +6.80% 9
East of England -35 24 £525 +64.06% 5
North East -11 8 £575 +42.15% 16
East Midlands -31 7 £525 +38.89% 6
Scala
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Scala.

1 619 (51.50%) Java
2 592 (49.25%) Agile Software Development
3 542 (45.09%) Python
4 420 (34.94%) SQL
5 372 (30.95%) Apache Spark
6 310 (25.79%) AWS
7 301 (25.04%) Finance
8 292 (24.29%) Azure
9 283 (23.54%) DevOps
10 277 (23.04%) Kafka
11 263 (21.88%) Big Data
12 258 (21.46%) TDD
13 251 (20.88%) Analytics
14 247 (20.55%) Kubernetes
15 233 (19.38%) Hadoop
16 229 (19.05%) Social Skills
17 222 (18.47%) Jenkins
18 219 (18.22%) Git (software)
19 210 (17.47%) Docker
20 206 (17.14%) Software Engineering
21 199 (16.56%) Microservices
22 189 (15.72%) Banking
22 189 (15.72%) Continuous Integration
23 188 (15.64%) Scrum
24 181 (15.06%) GCP
25 180 (14.98%) Apache Hive
26 155 (12.90%) Data Engineering
27 153 (12.73%) Data Pipeline
27 153 (12.73%) Linux
28 151 (12.56%) Data Modelling

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 372 (30.95%) Apache Spark
2 89 (7.40%) Confluence
3 82 (6.82%) Apache
4 62 (5.16%) Apache Airflow
5 37 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
6 29 (2.41%) Luigi
7 28 (2.33%) SAS
8 25 (2.08%) WebLogic
9 24 (2.00%) Tomcat
10 12 (1.00%) JBoss
11 9 (0.75%) Apache Pig
11 9 (0.75%) OpenStack
11 9 (0.75%) Red Hat Fuse
12 8 (0.67%) Oracle Coherence
13 4 (0.33%) Jupyter
14 3 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
15 2 (0.17%) Apache Pulsar
15 2 (0.17%) Apache Solr
15 2 (0.17%) IBM Domino
15 2 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 23 (1.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.083%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 3 (0.25%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 310 (25.79%) AWS
2 292 (24.29%) Azure
3 181 (15.06%) GCP
4 74 (6.16%) Azure Data Factory
5 70 (5.82%) Serverless
6 66 (5.49%) GitHub
7 54 (4.49%) Amazon S3
8 52 (4.33%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 35 (2.91%) Azure Functions
10 32 (2.66%) Amazon EMR
11 30 (2.50%) Power Platform
12 29 (2.41%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 21 (1.75%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
15 16 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
16 14 (1.16%) AWS Step Functions
16 14 (1.16%) Azure Storage
17 13 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
18 12 (1.00%) Snowflake
19 11 (0.92%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.83%) HTTP
2 30 (2.50%) SSL
3 29 (2.41%) TCP/IP
4 7 (0.58%) Network Security
4 7 (0.58%) WAN
5 6 (0.50%) Internet
6 5 (0.42%) Firewall
7 3 (0.25%) Intranet
8 2 (0.17%) DNS
8 2 (0.17%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.083%) BGP
9 1 (0.083%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.083%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.083%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 263 (21.88%) Big Data
2 233 (19.38%) Hadoop
3 180 (14.98%) Apache Hive
4 134 (11.15%) NoSQL
5 93 (7.74%) Relational Database
6 85 (7.07%) HBase
7 84 (6.99%) Apache Cassandra
7 84 (6.99%) Data Warehouse
8 77 (6.41%) Data Lake
9 75 (6.24%) PostgreSQL
10 65 (5.41%) MongoDB
11 64 (5.32%) Redis
12 61 (5.07%) BigQuery
13 45 (3.74%) Spark SQL
14 42 (3.49%) Metadata
14 42 (3.49%) MySQL
15 41 (3.41%) SQL Server
16 38 (3.16%) Impala
16 38 (3.16%) Pentaho
17 33 (2.75%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 222 (18.47%) Jenkins
2 219 (18.22%) Git (software)
3 109 (9.07%) JIRA
4 64 (5.32%) Gatling
5 58 (4.83%) Maven
6 51 (4.24%) Bitbucket
7 40 (3.33%) Cucumber
8 39 (3.24%) Selenium
9 36 (3.00%) Hudson
10 35 (2.91%) JUnit
11 34 (2.83%) GitLab
12 32 (2.66%) Mockito
13 26 (2.16%) Gradle
13 26 (2.16%) TeamCity
14 22 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
14 22 (1.83%) WebDriver
15 20 (1.66%) IntelliJ
16 15 (1.25%) Postman
17 14 (1.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 14 (1.16%) Subversion
General
1 301 (25.04%) Finance
2 229 (19.05%) Social Skills
3 189 (15.72%) Banking
4 90 (7.49%) Investment Banking
4 90 (7.49%) Public Sector
5 88 (7.32%) Analytical Skills
6 67 (5.57%) Front Office
7 27 (2.25%) Publishing
8 24 (2.00%) Presentation Skills
9 20 (1.66%) Marketing
10 16 (1.33%) Financial Institution
11 12 (1.00%) Retail
12 11 (0.92%) Law
13 10 (0.83%) Legal
14 7 (0.58%) Influencing Skills
15 5 (0.42%) Documentation Skills
15 5 (0.42%) Telecoms
16 4 (0.33%) Military
16 4 (0.33%) Police
17 3 (0.25%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 568 (47.25%) Developer
2 339 (28.20%) Data Engineer
3 298 (24.79%) Scala Developer
4 130 (10.82%) Java Developer
5 107 (8.90%) Senior Developer
6 71 (5.91%) Scala Engineer
7 58 (4.83%) Azure Engineer
8 54 (4.49%) Software Engineer
9 52 (4.33%) Big Data Engineer
10 50 (4.16%) Lead Developer
10 50 (4.16%) Senior Java Developer
11 48 (3.99%) Senior Scala Developer
12 39 (3.24%) Architect
13 35 (2.91%) React Developer
13 35 (2.91%) Senior Data Engineer
14 33 (2.75%) Front Office Developer
15 29 (2.41%) AWS Engineer
15 29 (2.41%) Java Engineer
16 26 (2.16%) Big Data Developer
17 22 (1.83%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 277 (23.04%) Kafka
2 147 (12.23%) Play Framework
3 136 (11.31%) Spring
4 103 (8.57%) Akka
5 95 (7.90%) REST
6 94 (7.82%) RESTful
7 91 (7.57%) PySpark
8 80 (6.66%) React
9 79 (6.57%) Web Services
10 74 (6.16%) Node.js
11 71 (5.91%) Spring Boot
12 60 (4.99%) CSS
13 51 (4.24%) HTML
14 49 (4.08%) JSON
15 46 (3.83%) GraphQL
16 36 (3.00%) .NET
17 34 (2.83%) Memcached
18 31 (2.58%) HTML5
19 29 (2.41%) J2EE
20 28 (2.33%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 91 (7.57%) Data Structures
2 90 (7.49%) Algorithms
3 77 (6.41%) Data Protection Act
4 66 (5.49%) Derivative
5 60 (4.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 47 (3.91%) Fixed Income
7 41 (3.41%) Hedge funds
8 36 (3.00%) Equities
9 33 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
10 32 (2.66%) Credit Risk
11 30 (2.50%) Management Information System
12 22 (1.83%) User Experience
13 18 (1.50%) Public Cloud
14 15 (1.25%) Cloud Native
14 15 (1.25%) Data Centre
15 12 (1.00%) iPad
16 11 (0.92%) Market Risk
17 10 (0.83%) Reference Data
18 9 (0.75%) Legacy Code
19 8 (0.67%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 153 (12.73%) Linux
2 86 (7.15%) Unix
3 36 (3.00%) Windows
4 9 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (0.67%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.58%) Android
7 6 (0.50%) Debian
7 6 (0.50%) VMS
8 3 (0.25%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.083%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.083%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.083%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 592 (49.25%) Agile Software Development
2 283 (23.54%) DevOps
3 258 (21.46%) TDD
4 251 (20.88%) Analytics
5 206 (17.14%) Software Engineering
6 199 (16.56%) Microservices
7 189 (15.72%) Continuous Integration
8 188 (15.64%) Scrum
9 155 (12.90%) Data Engineering
10 153 (12.73%) Data Pipeline
11 151 (12.56%) Data Modelling
12 147 (12.23%) ETL
13 145 (12.06%) Test Automation
14 142 (11.81%) BDD
15 108 (8.99%) Data Science
16 104 (8.65%) Problem-Solving
17 97 (8.07%) Business Intelligence
18 94 (7.82%) Unit Testing
19 90 (7.49%) Computer Science
20 87 (7.24%) OO
Programming Languages
1 619 (51.50%) Java
2 542 (45.09%) Python
3 420 (34.94%) SQL
4 136 (11.31%) JavaScript
5 109 (9.07%) PL/SQL
6 94 (7.82%) Kotlin
7 81 (6.74%) Java 8
8 75 (6.24%) C#
9 65 (5.41%) C++
10 60 (4.99%) R
11 55 (4.58%) TypeScript
12 49 (4.08%) Go
13 36 (3.00%) Ruby
14 34 (2.83%) Shell Script
15 29 (2.41%) Haskell
15 29 (2.41%) HiveQL
15 29 (2.41%) Perl
16 26 (2.16%) PowerShell
17 25 (2.08%) Bash Shell
18 23 (1.91%) VBA
Qualifications
1 90 (7.49%) Security Cleared
2 75 (6.24%) SC Cleared
3 72 (5.99%) Degree
4 46 (3.83%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.58%) AWS Certification
6 11 (0.92%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.33%) ISEB
9 3 (0.25%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.25%) PhD
9 3 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.17%) CREST Certified
10 2 (0.17%) Tigerscheme
11 1 (0.083%) CCSAS
11 1 (0.083%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.083%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (4.74%) QA
2 38 (3.16%) Data Quality
3 32 (2.66%) Accessibility
4 13 (1.08%) WCAG
5 10 (0.83%) GDPR
6 8 (0.67%) IFRS
7 4 (0.33%) MiFID
8 3 (0.25%) Basel II
8 3 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.17%) Dublin Core
10 1 (0.083%) SLA
System Software
1 210 (17.47%) Docker
2 61 (5.07%) HDFS
3 8 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (0.33%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.083%) Xen
Systems Management
1 247 (20.55%) Kubernetes
2 86 (7.15%) Terraform
3 58 (4.83%) Ansible
4 57 (4.74%) Grafana
5 41 (3.41%) Prometheus
6 36 (3.00%) Oozie
7 20 (1.66%) Kibana
8 17 (1.41%) Hadoop YARN
9 16 (1.33%) Puppet
10 12 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.83%) Istio
12 9 (0.75%) logstash
13 8 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.67%) Kubeflow
14 6 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
15 3 (0.25%) Control-M
15 3 (0.25%) Zipkin
16 2 (0.17%) Rancher
17 1 (0.083%) Ambari
17 1 (0.083%) Consul
Vendors
1 142 (11.81%) Oracle
2 134 (11.15%) Databricks
3 83 (6.91%) Cloudera
4 81 (6.74%) Google
5 52 (4.33%) Informatica
6 49 (4.08%) Hortonworks
7 29 (2.41%) Microsoft
8 24 (2.00%) Talend
9 23 (1.91%) webMethods
10 22 (1.83%) BEA
11 12 (1.00%) Atlassian
11 12 (1.00%) Confluent
12 11 (0.92%) Red Hat
13 10 (0.83%) Splunk
14 6 (0.50%) Dynatrace
15 5 (0.42%) Alteryx
15 5 (0.42%) hybris
15 5 (0.42%) SOASTA, Inc
15 5 (0.42%) Teradata
16 4 (0.33%) Adobe