Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK > England
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 187 186 139
Rank change year-on-year -1 -47 -28
Contract jobs citing Scala 741 1,369 1,830
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.36% 1.55% 1.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.32% 3.56% 4.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 519 918 1,402
Median daily rate £550 £550 £540
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.85% +2.86%
10th Percentile £413 £416 £425
90th Percentile £689 £689 £663
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £538
% change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
Median hourly rate £18.70 - £63.75
10th Percentile £16.54 - £47.43
90th Percentile £46.74 - £86.68
UK median hourly rate £18.94 £24.50 £63.75
% change year-on-year -22.69% -61.57% +113.82%

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,291 38,448 40,003
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.94% 43.43% 43.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,227 27,095 28,197
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 500 606 723
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £18.00 £17.29
90th Percentile £56.03 £53.75 £51.20
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Scala as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in England

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Scala in England.

Daily rate trend for Scala in England

Scala
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Scala in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Scala in England

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Scala in England.

Hourly rate trend for Scala in England

Scala
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Scala in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Scala in England

Scala
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the England region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 491 £574 -4.38% 139
South East +35 101 £500 - 14
North of England -17 79 £475 - 18
Yorkshire +31 43 £475 -7.32% 4
South West +13 42 £550 - 4
North West +7 18 £523 +4.50% 13
Midlands +9 17 £461 +4.83% 11
North East +5 17 £419 +3.08% 1
West Midlands +46 14 £473 +7.39% 5
East of England +27 10 £475 -12.04% 8
East Midlands 0 3 £450 -10.00% 6
Scala
UK

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Scala.

1 406 (54.79%) Java
2 344 (46.42%) Python
3 340 (45.88%) Agile Software Development
4 241 (32.52%) Apache Spark
5 238 (32.12%) SQL
6 195 (26.32%) Kafka
7 191 (25.78%) Big Data
8 167 (22.54%) Hadoop
8 167 (22.54%) AWS
9 146 (19.70%) NoSQL
10 142 (19.16%) Microservices
11 139 (18.76%) TDD
12 133 (17.95%) DevOps
13 132 (17.81%) Test Automation
14 131 (17.68%) Software Engineering
15 121 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
16 118 (15.92%) Azure
17 115 (15.52%) Analytics
17 115 (15.52%) Finance
18 114 (15.38%) JavaScript
19 113 (15.25%) GCP
20 111 (14.98%) Git (software)
21 108 (14.57%) Data Modelling
22 105 (14.17%) Business Intelligence
23 101 (13.63%) Jenkins
24 100 (13.50%) Docker
25 97 (13.09%) Data Science
26 91 (12.28%) Kubernetes
27 90 (12.15%) Scrum
28 89 (12.01%) Google

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 241 (32.52%) Apache Spark
2 52 (7.02%) Apache
3 50 (6.75%) Confluence
4 39 (5.26%) WebLogic
5 17 (2.29%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
7 10 (1.35%) OpenStack
8 7 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 6 (0.81%) DNN
9 6 (0.81%) Luigi
9 6 (0.81%) nginx
10 5 (0.67%) JBoss
10 5 (0.67%) Jupyter
11 4 (0.54%) SAS
12 2 (0.27%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.27%) Jetty
12 2 (0.27%) Tornado
13 1 (0.13%) Apache Solr
13 1 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
13 1 (0.13%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (0.54%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.40%) InVision
2 3 (0.40%) Sketch
3 1 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 13 (1.75%) FINCAD Analytics
2 4 (0.54%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 167 (22.54%) AWS
2 118 (15.92%) Azure
3 113 (15.25%) GCP
4 49 (6.61%) Serverless
5 40 (5.40%) AWS Lambda
6 34 (4.59%) Amazon S3
7 30 (4.05%) GitHub
8 28 (3.78%) Power Platform
9 26 (3.51%) Amazon Kinesis
10 19 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
11 17 (2.29%) OpenShift
12 16 (2.16%) Google Analytics
13 15 (2.02%) AWS Step Functions
14 14 (1.89%) Azure Data Factory
15 13 (1.75%) Amazon EMR
16 11 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
17 9 (1.21%) Azure Functions
17 9 (1.21%) PaaS
18 8 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 7 (0.94%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 48 (6.48%) HTTP
2 24 (3.24%) SSL
3 18 (2.43%) TCP/IP
4 14 (1.89%) DSL
4 14 (1.89%) Firewall
5 9 (1.21%) HTTPS
6 6 (0.81%) Internet
7 5 (0.67%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.54%) PuTTY
9 2 (0.27%) 5G
10 1 (0.13%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.13%) FTP
10 1 (0.13%) VoIP
10 1 (0.13%) WebEx
10 1 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (25.78%) Big Data
2 167 (22.54%) Hadoop
3 146 (19.70%) NoSQL
4 88 (11.88%) Apache Hive
5 79 (10.66%) Relational Database
6 74 (9.99%) MongoDB
7 72 (9.72%) Apache Cassandra
7 72 (9.72%) HBase
8 56 (7.56%) Data Warehouse
9 51 (6.88%) Data Lake
10 42 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
11 37 (4.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 36 (4.86%) RDBMS
12 36 (4.86%) SQL Server
13 28 (3.78%) Amazon Athena
13 28 (3.78%) Power BI
14 27 (3.64%) MySQL
15 25 (3.37%) Flink
15 25 (3.37%) Redis
16 22 (2.97%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 111 (14.98%) Git (software)
2 101 (13.63%) Jenkins
3 75 (10.12%) JIRA
4 59 (7.96%) Selenium
5 51 (6.88%) Cucumber
6 37 (4.99%) Gatling
7 34 (4.59%) Bitbucket
8 27 (3.64%) JUnit
9 26 (3.51%) GitLab
10 25 (3.37%) Maven
11 23 (3.10%) Visual Studio Team System
12 15 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
13 14 (1.89%) IBM UrbanCode
14 13 (1.75%) WebDriver
15 12 (1.62%) Visual Studio
16 11 (1.48%) IntelliJ
17 10 (1.35%) TeamCity
18 6 (0.81%) Gerrit
18 6 (0.81%) JMeter
18 6 (0.81%) Travis CI
General
1 115 (15.52%) Finance
2 70 (9.45%) Banking
3 43 (5.80%) Public Sector
4 34 (4.59%) Telecoms
5 31 (4.18%) Front Office
6 17 (2.29%) Games
6 17 (2.29%) Investment Banking
7 11 (1.48%) Retail
8 10 (1.35%) Marketing
9 7 (0.94%) Retail Banking
10 6 (0.81%) Advertising
10 6 (0.81%) Publishing
11 4 (0.54%) Law
12 3 (0.40%) Back Office
12 3 (0.40%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.13%) Dutch Language
13 1 (0.13%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.13%) Legal
13 1 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 336 (45.34%) Developer
2 186 (25.10%) Scala Developer
3 175 (23.62%) Data Engineer
4 97 (13.09%) Java Developer
5 55 (7.42%) Senior Developer
6 50 (6.75%) Big Data Engineer
7 49 (6.61%) Python Engineer
8 41 (5.53%) Senior Scala Developer
9 37 (4.99%) Architect
10 36 (4.86%) AWS Engineer
11 34 (4.59%) Software Engineer
12 33 (4.45%) Full Stack Developer
13 30 (4.05%) Java Scala Developer
14 28 (3.78%) Data Scientist
15 24 (3.24%) Data Architect
16 23 (3.10%) Analyst
16 23 (3.10%) Big Data Developer
16 23 (3.10%) DevOps Engineer
17 19 (2.56%) Java Engineer
18 17 (2.29%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 195 (26.32%) Kafka
2 83 (11.20%) CSS
3 79 (10.66%) HTML
4 70 (9.45%) Play Framework
5 68 (9.18%) PySpark
5 68 (9.18%) REST
5 68 (9.18%) Spring
6 58 (7.83%) JSON
6 58 (7.83%) RESTful
7 57 (7.69%) HTML5
8 56 (7.56%) Akka
9 55 (7.42%) TensorFlow
10 54 (7.29%) Node.js
11 49 (6.61%) J2EE
12 46 (6.21%) CSS3
13 44 (5.94%) Web Services
14 41 (5.53%) React
15 34 (4.59%) scikit-learn
15 34 (4.59%) XML
16 30 (4.05%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 72 (9.72%) Analytical Skills
2 41 (5.53%) Greenfield Project
3 37 (4.99%) Algorithms
4 32 (4.32%) Data Structures
5 29 (3.91%) Fixed Income
6 22 (2.97%) Derivative
7 20 (2.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 18 (2.43%) User Experience
9 16 (2.16%) Equity Derivative
10 14 (1.89%) Credit Risk
10 14 (1.89%) Hedge funds
11 11 (1.48%) Management Information System
12 10 (1.35%) Market Risk
12 10 (1.35%) Public Cloud
13 9 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
14 7 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
14 7 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
14 7 (0.94%) Robotics
15 5 (0.67%) Equities
16 4 (0.54%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 57 (7.69%) Linux
2 36 (4.86%) Unix
3 14 (1.89%) Windows
4 7 (0.94%) Android
5 6 (0.81%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.40%) Mac OS
6 3 (0.40%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.27%) Debian
8 1 (0.13%) CentOS
8 1 (0.13%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.13%) DC/OS
8 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 340 (45.88%) Agile Software Development
2 142 (19.16%) Microservices
3 139 (18.76%) TDD
4 133 (17.95%) DevOps
5 132 (17.81%) Test Automation
6 131 (17.68%) Software Engineering
7 121 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
8 115 (15.52%) Analytics
9 108 (14.57%) Data Modelling
10 105 (14.17%) Business Intelligence
11 97 (13.09%) Data Science
12 90 (12.15%) Scrum
13 85 (11.47%) Machine Learning
14 84 (11.34%) ETL
15 78 (10.53%) BDD
16 70 (9.45%) Computer Science
17 64 (8.64%) Problem-Solving
18 59 (7.96%) Data Engineering
19 54 (7.29%) Open Source
20 53 (7.15%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 406 (54.79%) Java
2 344 (46.42%) Python
3 238 (32.12%) SQL
4 114 (15.38%) JavaScript
5 69 (9.31%) Kotlin
6 65 (8.77%) Ruby
7 46 (6.21%) Groovy
8 45 (6.07%) C#
9 43 (5.80%) Go
10 38 (5.13%) PL/SQL
11 31 (4.18%) R
12 30 (4.05%) Java 8
13 25 (3.37%) C++
13 25 (3.37%) Clojure
13 25 (3.37%) TypeScript
14 18 (2.43%) Bash Shell
15 13 (1.75%) C
16 12 (1.62%) Perl
17 9 (1.21%) PHP
18 7 (0.94%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 60 (8.10%) Degree
2 29 (3.91%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (1.75%) Master's Degree
4 8 (1.08%) PhD
4 8 (1.08%) SANS
4 8 (1.08%) SC Cleared
4 8 (1.08%) Security Cleared
5 4 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
5 4 (0.54%) PMI Certification
6 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
6 2 (0.27%) MBA
6 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.13%) CISA
7 1 (0.13%) CISM
7 1 (0.13%) CISSP
7 1 (0.13%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 1 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.56%) Data Quality
2 18 (2.43%) QA
2 18 (2.43%) WCAG
3 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.13%) GDPR
3 1 (0.13%) IFRS
System Software
1 100 (13.50%) Docker
2 47 (6.34%) HDFS
3 3 (0.40%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.27%) LXC
5 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 91 (12.28%) Kubernetes
2 48 (6.48%) Terraform
3 39 (5.26%) Hadoop YARN
4 24 (3.24%) Kibana
5 21 (2.83%) Ansible
6 19 (2.56%) Grafana
7 10 (1.35%) Puppet
8 7 (0.94%) Oozie
8 7 (0.94%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.81%) Istio
9 6 (0.81%) linkerd
9 6 (0.81%) Zipkin
10 3 (0.40%) Mesos
10 3 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.27%) Marathon
12 1 (0.13%) Ambari
12 1 (0.13%) Apache Brooklyn
12 1 (0.13%) Nessus
12 1 (0.13%) Packer
Vendors
1 89 (12.01%) Google
2 76 (10.26%) Oracle
3 43 (5.80%) Databricks
4 40 (5.40%) Cloudera
5 35 (4.72%) Hortonworks
5 35 (4.72%) webMethods
6 33 (4.45%) Microsoft
7 32 (4.32%) BEA
8 24 (3.24%) Tableau
9 15 (2.02%) Informatica
10 14 (1.89%) Sybase
11 12 (1.62%) MapR
12 10 (1.35%) Talend
13 8 (1.08%) Splunk
14 6 (0.81%) hybris
14 6 (0.81%) IBM
14 6 (0.81%) Perforce
14 6 (0.81%) StreamSets
15 5 (0.67%) Facebook
16 4 (0.54%) Teradata