Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PL/SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PL/SQL over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PL/SQL (PLSQL)
UK > England
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 278 214 239
Rank change year-on-year -64 +25 +17
Contract jobs citing PL/SQL 710 390 800
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.00% 1.27% 1.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.52% 2.99% 2.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 470 251 519
10th Percentile £360 £313 £350
25th Percentile £450 £377 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £614 £538 £550
90th Percentile £675 £625 £638
UK median daily rate £507 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +12.67% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 11 6
10th Percentile £44.89 £42.00 £16.25
25th Percentile £44.90 £51.90 £19.00
Median hourly rate £50.38 £55.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.40% +161.90% -58.00%
75th Percentile £58.44 £57.17 £42.88
90th Percentile £66.00 £62.03 £51.88
UK median hourly rate £48.27 £55.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -12.25% +161.90% -58.00%

PL/SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,122 13,036 30,788
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.51% 42.55% 41.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,696 9,252 21,777
10th Percentile £363 £310 £325
25th Percentile £438 £388 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £534 £488 £488
Median % change year-on-year +9.44% - +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 419 301 559
10th Percentile £18.33 £12.63 £16.50
25th Percentile £26.80 £21.95 £27.50
Median hourly rate £47.50 £42.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.10% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £58.75 £49.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £69.80 £58.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £42.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year +13.10% -4.00% +4.36%

PL/SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PL/SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL in England.

Daily rate trend for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PL/SQL in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PL/SQL in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PL/SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 30 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -38 364 £575 +27.78% 57
Midlands -3 168 £510 +25.93% 21
West Midlands +2 153 £510 +24.39% 16
South East -93 71 £435 -8.42% 25
North of England -54 45 £450 -2.70% 24
North West -44 26 £375 -21.05% 8
Yorkshire -32 16 £456 +4.29% 11
South West -54 15 £525 - 4
East Midlands -25 14 £483 +13.53% 5
East of England -50 14 £495 +4.21% 6
North East -9 7 £563 +13.64% 5
PL/SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PL/SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PL/SQL.

1 700 (98.59%) SQL
2 611 (86.06%) Oracle
3 292 (41.13%) Java
4 289 (40.70%) Agile Software Development
5 220 (30.99%) Unix
6 199 (28.03%) Social Skills
7 184 (25.92%) Oracle Database
8 182 (25.63%) Finance
9 180 (25.35%) Business Intelligence
10 177 (24.93%) Shell Script
11 161 (22.68%) Linux
12 153 (21.55%) ETL
13 152 (21.41%) Data Modelling
14 149 (20.99%) Git (software)
15 142 (20.00%) AWS
16 140 (19.72%) Azure
16 140 (19.72%) Python
17 139 (19.58%) Configuration Management
17 139 (19.58%) Test Strategy
18 136 (19.15%) SQL Server
19 133 (18.73%) JIRA
20 132 (18.59%) Process Improvement
21 128 (18.03%) Scrum
22 127 (17.89%) WebLogic
23 126 (17.75%) Windows
24 123 (17.32%) Banking
24 123 (17.32%) Jenkins
25 121 (17.04%) Spring
25 121 (17.04%) Software Engineering
26 119 (16.76%) Problem-Solving

PL/SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (17.89%) WebLogic
2 113 (15.92%) Confluence
3 51 (7.18%) SAS
4 30 (4.23%) BizTalk Server
5 27 (3.80%) Apache Spark
6 25 (3.52%) Tomcat
7 18 (2.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 12 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
8 12 (1.69%) IIS
9 11 (1.55%) JBoss
10 10 (1.41%) Red Hat Fuse
11 8 (1.13%) CMS
12 7 (0.99%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.56%) Apache
13 4 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
14 3 (0.42%) Luigi
15 2 (0.28%) Anypoint
15 2 (0.28%) Jetty
15 2 (0.28%) Mule
Applications
1 66 (9.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.55%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.56%) Oracle Smart View
4 3 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.14%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.14%) SPSS
5 1 (0.14%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 33 (4.65%) Oracle EBS
2 15 (2.11%) Oracle ERP
3 14 (1.97%) Oracle EBS R12
4 13 (1.83%) Oracle Applications
5 11 (1.55%) Oracle Payables
6 9 (1.27%) Oracle Receivables
7 8 (1.13%) Oracle General Ledger
8 6 (0.85%) TIBCO iProcess
9 5 (0.70%) Oracle Payroll
10 4 (0.56%) Oracle Assets
10 4 (0.56%) Oracle Financials
11 3 (0.42%) iTrent
11 3 (0.42%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 2 (0.28%) Northgate Housing
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle 11i
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle AGIS
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle E-Business Tax
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle Internet Expenses
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
12 2 (0.28%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 142 (20.00%) AWS
2 140 (19.72%) Azure
3 33 (4.65%) Serverless
4 30 (4.23%) AWS Lambda
4 30 (4.23%) GitHub
5 27 (3.80%) Azure Cosmos DB
5 27 (3.80%) Azure Functions
6 24 (3.38%) Azure Logic Apps
6 24 (3.38%) Azure Storage
7 19 (2.68%) Amazon S3
8 16 (2.25%) Power Platform
9 14 (1.97%) PaaS
10 13 (1.83%) SaaS
11 10 (1.41%) IaaS
12 7 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (0.99%) GCP
12 7 (0.99%) Snowflake
13 6 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
13 6 (0.85%) Azure Active Directory
13 6 (0.85%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.96%) TCP/IP
2 19 (2.68%) SSL
3 8 (1.13%) Internet
4 6 (0.85%) Kerberos
4 6 (0.85%) SAN
5 4 (0.56%) VPN
6 3 (0.42%) DNS
6 3 (0.42%) Firewall
6 3 (0.42%) Intranet
6 3 (0.42%) Radio Access Network
7 2 (0.28%) 2G
7 2 (0.28%) 3G
7 2 (0.28%) 4G
7 2 (0.28%) 5G
7 2 (0.28%) HTTP
7 2 (0.28%) WAN
8 1 (0.14%) Ethernet
8 1 (0.14%) SMTP
8 1 (0.14%) SSH
8 1 (0.14%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (25.92%) Oracle Database
2 136 (19.15%) SQL Server
3 100 (14.08%) Data Warehouse
4 79 (11.13%) Relational Database
5 73 (10.28%) MySQL
6 65 (9.15%) Oracle Reports
7 62 (8.73%) PostgreSQL
8 61 (8.59%) Oracle Database 12c
9 57 (8.03%) Hadoop
10 56 (7.89%) BusinessObjects
11 53 (7.46%) MongoDB
12 50 (7.04%) Apache Hive
13 47 (6.62%) Oracle Database 11g
14 42 (5.92%) Big Data
15 39 (5.49%) Azure SQL Database
15 39 (5.49%) RDBMS
16 32 (4.51%) HBase
17 31 (4.37%) Pentaho
18 30 (4.23%) Oracle BI EE
18 30 (4.23%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 149 (20.99%) Git (software)
2 133 (18.73%) JIRA
3 123 (17.32%) Jenkins
4 70 (9.86%) Maven
5 65 (9.15%) Bitbucket
6 34 (4.79%) GitLab
7 28 (3.94%) CA Gen
8 23 (3.24%) Subversion
8 23 (3.24%) TeamCity
9 16 (2.25%) IntelliJ
10 15 (2.11%) ERwin
10 15 (2.11%) Oracle APEX
11 13 (1.83%) Team Foundation Server
12 12 (1.69%) Hudson
12 12 (1.69%) Oracle Forms
13 11 (1.55%) JUnit
14 10 (1.41%) Cucumber
14 10 (1.41%) Postman
15 8 (1.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 8 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 199 (28.03%) Social Skills
2 182 (25.63%) Finance
3 123 (17.32%) Banking
4 96 (13.52%) Public Sector
5 66 (9.30%) Analytical Skills
6 56 (7.89%) Investment Banking
7 21 (2.96%) Front Office
8 15 (2.11%) Telecoms
9 12 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
10 11 (1.55%) Local Government
11 10 (1.41%) Documentation Skills
12 9 (1.27%) Legal
13 7 (0.99%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.85%) Electronics
14 6 (0.85%) Marketing
15 5 (0.70%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.70%) General Ledger
16 4 (0.56%) Back Office
16 4 (0.56%) Influencing Skills
17 3 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 378 (53.24%) Developer
2 103 (14.51%) Java Developer
3 74 (10.42%) Oracle Developer
4 62 (8.73%) DBA
5 61 (8.59%) Senior Developer
6 60 (8.45%) SQL Developer
7 57 (8.03%) Consultant
8 55 (7.75%) C# Developer
9 51 (7.18%) Software Engineer
10 50 (7.04%) Oracle DBA
11 46 (6.48%) Data Engineer
12 34 (4.79%) Senior Java Developer
13 28 (3.94%) Analyst
13 28 (3.94%) Scala Developer
14 24 (3.38%) .NET Developer
14 24 (3.38%) Azure Developer
15 23 (3.24%) Oracle Consultant
16 22 (3.10%) Administrator
17 21 (2.96%) PL/SQL Developer
18 18 (2.54%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (17.04%) Spring
2 115 (16.20%) J2EE
3 99 (13.94%) .NET
4 97 (13.66%) Spring Boot
5 80 (11.27%) JSON
6 54 (7.61%) .NET Core
7 51 (7.18%) RabbitMQ
8 47 (6.62%) XML
9 46 (6.48%) .NET Framework
10 43 (6.06%) Apache Camel
10 43 (6.06%) Web Services
11 35 (4.93%) RESTful
11 35 (4.93%) WPF
12 30 (4.23%) Oracle GoldenGate
13 29 (4.08%) Kafka
13 29 (4.08%) WinForms
14 27 (3.80%) ASP.NET
14 27 (3.80%) Middleware
14 27 (3.80%) Oracle Fusion
15 25 (3.52%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 42 (5.92%) Data Structures
2 39 (5.49%) Legacy Systems
3 36 (5.07%) Replication
4 32 (4.51%) Cloud Native
5 29 (4.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 28 (3.94%) Derivative
7 22 (3.10%) Algorithms
8 19 (2.68%) Data Protection Act
9 16 (2.25%) Clustering
9 16 (2.25%) Legacy Applications
10 11 (1.55%) Fixed Income
11 9 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
12 8 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
12 8 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (0.99%) Credit Risk
13 7 (0.99%) Data Centre
13 7 (0.99%) Public Cloud
13 7 (0.99%) User Experience
14 6 (0.85%) Management Information System
14 6 (0.85%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 220 (30.99%) Unix
2 161 (22.68%) Linux
3 126 (17.75%) Windows
4 21 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (2.39%) Solaris
6 9 (1.27%) Windows Server
7 8 (1.13%) Oracle Linux
8 7 (0.99%) AIX
8 7 (0.99%) VME
9 6 (0.85%) Mesosphere
10 4 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
11 3 (0.42%) HPUX
11 3 (0.42%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.42%) zOS
12 2 (0.28%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.28%) SUSE
13 1 (0.14%) Debian
13 1 (0.14%) Slackware
13 1 (0.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 289 (40.70%) Agile Software Development
2 180 (25.35%) Business Intelligence
3 153 (21.55%) ETL
4 152 (21.41%) Data Modelling
5 139 (19.58%) Configuration Management
5 139 (19.58%) Test Strategy
6 132 (18.59%) Process Improvement
7 128 (18.03%) Scrum
8 121 (17.04%) Software Engineering
9 119 (16.76%) Problem-Solving
10 108 (15.21%) Analytics
11 106 (14.93%) DevOps
12 97 (13.66%) Problem Management
13 96 (13.52%) Microservices
14 92 (12.96%) OO
15 84 (11.83%) Migration
16 78 (10.99%) Performance Tuning
17 66 (9.30%) RUP
18 65 (9.15%) SDLC
19 59 (8.31%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 700 (98.59%) SQL
2 292 (41.13%) Java
3 177 (24.93%) Shell Script
4 140 (19.72%) Python
5 117 (16.48%) Scala
6 111 (15.63%) Java 8
7 107 (15.07%) C#
7 107 (15.07%) T-SQL
8 67 (9.44%) Perl
9 54 (7.61%) VBA
10 32 (4.51%) JavaScript
10 32 (4.51%) R
11 31 (4.37%) HiveQL
12 30 (4.23%) C++
13 26 (3.66%) COBOL
13 26 (3.66%) Go
14 23 (3.24%) VB
14 23 (3.24%) VB.NET
15 19 (2.68%) Haskell
16 14 (1.97%) C
Qualifications
1 97 (13.66%) Security Cleared
2 81 (11.41%) SC Cleared
3 23 (3.24%) Degree
4 9 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.13%) DV Cleared
6 7 (0.99%) Oracle Certification
7 6 (0.85%) OCP
8 5 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.56%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.14%) ISEB
10 1 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (3.94%) QA
2 25 (3.52%) Data Quality
3 9 (1.27%) GDPR
4 6 (0.85%) Accessibility
4 6 (0.85%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 3 (0.42%) SLA
6 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.14%) HL7
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.14%) SEPA
System Software
1 46 (6.48%) Docker
2 40 (5.63%) Oracle RAC
3 32 (4.51%) HDFS
4 13 (1.83%) Active Directory
5 9 (1.27%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.28%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.14%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 1 (0.14%) Firmware
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Clusterware
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 79 (11.13%) Ansible
2 63 (8.87%) Kubernetes
3 37 (5.21%) Data Guard
4 24 (3.38%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 22 (3.10%) Kibana
6 21 (2.96%) Oracle RMAN
7 17 (2.39%) Terraform
8 12 (1.69%) Oozie
8 12 (1.69%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (1.27%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 8 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (1.13%) logstash
11 7 (0.99%) Grafana
12 6 (0.85%) Puppet
13 5 (0.70%) Control-M
14 3 (0.42%) Tivoli
15 2 (0.28%) EMC NetWorker
15 2 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
15 2 (0.28%) QRadar
15 2 (0.28%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 611 (86.06%) Oracle
2 110 (15.49%) Informatica
3 96 (13.52%) BEA
4 92 (12.96%) webMethods
5 43 (6.06%) Talend
6 40 (5.63%) WSO2
7 38 (5.35%) Microsoft
8 33 (4.65%) MuleSoft
9 26 (3.66%) Pega
10 23 (3.24%) SAP
11 21 (2.96%) Red Hat
12 16 (2.25%) IBM
13 15 (2.11%) Ab Initio
13 15 (2.11%) Databricks
14 13 (1.83%) Sybase
15 11 (1.55%) VMware
16 10 (1.41%) Citrix
16 10 (1.41%) Cloudera
17 8 (1.13%) EMC
17 8 (1.13%) Salesforce.com