Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PL/SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PL/SQL over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PL/SQL (PLSQL)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 232 212 257
Rank change year-on-year -20 +45 -1
Contract jobs citing PL/SQL 671 424 902
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.19% 1.27% 1.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.91% 3.03% 2.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 416 294 589
10th Percentile £362 £363 £320
25th Percentile £424 £413 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £440
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +7.95% +3.53%
75th Percentile £600 £564 £525
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +4.21% +11.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 4 5
10th Percentile £44.95 " £15.70
25th Percentile £48.13 £42.00 £18.25
Median hourly rate £55.00 £46.00 £22.36
Median % change year-on-year +19.57% +105.72% -39.16%
75th Percentile " £50.63 £24.25
90th Percentile £60.81 £51.75 £53.20
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £48.20 £22.36
% change year-on-year +14.11% +115.56% -39.16%

PL/SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,024 13,981 35,919
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.68% 41.88% 42.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,498 10,005 25,386
10th Percentile £348 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £514 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 417 242 594
10th Percentile £16.35 £16.05 £20.25
25th Percentile £24.75 £22.13 £34.00
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -5.56% +8.43%
75th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £51.19
90th Percentile £64.00 £60.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year - -4.49% +8.54%

PL/SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PL/SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL in England.

Daily rate trend for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PL/SQL in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PL/SQL in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PL/SQL in England

PL/SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PL/SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +20 378 £575 +15.58% 65
Midlands +16 127 £450 +3.15% 28
West Midlands +22 116 £450 +5.88% 17
South East -99 52 £522 +3.37% 17
North of England -16 46 £425 +6.25% 18
North West -7 24 £400 -1.54% 8
East of England -15 19 £450 +5.88% 3
South West -18 19 £500 +14.29% 13
Yorkshire -18 16 £450 +12.50% 8
East Midlands -28 10 £431 -14.60% 11
North East - 6 £533 - 2
PL/SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PL/SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PL/SQL.

1 658 (98.06%) SQL
2 606 (90.31%) Oracle
3 282 (42.03%) Agile Software Development
4 262 (39.05%) Java
5 180 (26.83%) Unix
6 161 (23.99%) Business Intelligence
7 157 (23.40%) Python
7 157 (23.40%) Social Skills
8 151 (22.50%) Finance
9 148 (22.06%) Linux
10 137 (20.42%) Banking
11 136 (20.27%) Software Engineering
12 135 (20.12%) Oracle Database
13 126 (18.78%) Test Strategy
14 124 (18.48%) Shell Script
15 122 (18.18%) Data Modelling
16 120 (17.88%) C#
16 120 (17.88%) Azure
16 120 (17.88%) AWS
17 116 (17.29%) ETL
18 115 (17.14%) Scrum
19 114 (16.99%) .NET
20 109 (16.24%) Spring
20 109 (16.24%) Git (software)
21 107 (15.95%) Java 8
22 106 (15.80%) WebLogic
23 103 (15.35%) Jenkins
24 101 (15.05%) Microservices
24 101 (15.05%) JIRA
25 100 (14.90%) DevOps

PL/SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (15.80%) WebLogic
2 75 (11.18%) Confluence
3 41 (6.11%) BizTalk Server
4 32 (4.77%) SAS
5 27 (4.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 25 (3.73%) Tomcat
7 23 (3.43%) Apache Spark
8 15 (2.24%) IIS
8 15 (2.24%) Oracle Workflow
8 15 (2.24%) WebSphere
9 13 (1.94%) Apache
10 10 (1.49%) Apache Airflow
11 8 (1.19%) JBoss
12 7 (1.04%) Elasticsearch
12 7 (1.04%) Red Hat Fuse
13 5 (0.75%) Luigi
13 5 (0.75%) Oracle Service Bus
14 3 (0.45%) CMS
14 3 (0.45%) Mule
14 3 (0.45%) nginx
Applications
1 26 (3.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.64%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 24 (3.58%) Oracle EBS
2 15 (2.24%) Oracle Payables
2 15 (2.24%) Oracle Receivables
3 13 (1.94%) Maximo
3 13 (1.94%) Oracle Applications
4 11 (1.64%) Oracle ERP
4 11 (1.64%) Oracle General Ledger
5 9 (1.34%) Oracle EBS R12
6 7 (1.04%) SAP FI-CA
6 7 (1.04%) SAP PSCD
7 6 (0.89%) Oracle Retail
8 5 (0.75%) iTrent
8 5 (0.75%) Oracle FAH
8 5 (0.75%) Oracle Financials
8 5 (0.75%) Unit4 Business World
9 3 (0.45%) Cerner Millennium
9 3 (0.45%) Oracle Assets
9 3 (0.45%) Oracle Cash Management
10 2 (0.30%) Actimize
10 2 (0.30%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 120 (17.88%) AWS
1 120 (17.88%) Azure
2 49 (7.30%) Serverless
3 45 (6.71%) Azure Logic Apps
4 44 (6.56%) Azure Cosmos DB
4 44 (6.56%) Azure Functions
4 44 (6.56%) Azure Storage
5 43 (6.41%) AWS Lambda
6 23 (3.43%) GCP
7 18 (2.68%) Amazon S3
7 18 (2.68%) Power Platform
8 15 (2.24%) Snowflake
9 14 (2.09%) SaaS
10 12 (1.79%) PaaS
11 11 (1.64%) GitHub
11 11 (1.64%) Google Analytics
12 8 (1.19%) Amazon EMR
13 7 (1.04%) AWS Data Pipeline
13 7 (1.04%) Tricentis Tosca
14 6 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 30 (4.47%) TCP/IP
2 29 (4.32%) SSL
3 5 (0.75%) Internet
4 3 (0.45%) Broadband
4 3 (0.45%) HTTP
4 3 (0.45%) Kerberos
4 3 (0.45%) SAN
4 3 (0.45%) SSH
4 3 (0.45%) VPN
5 2 (0.30%) FTP
5 2 (0.30%) SMTP
5 2 (0.30%) SNMP
6 1 (0.15%) DNS
6 1 (0.15%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.15%) FDDI
6 1 (0.15%) Firewall
6 1 (0.15%) Intranet
6 1 (0.15%) WAN
6 1 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.15%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (20.12%) Oracle Database
2 90 (13.41%) Data Warehouse
3 69 (10.28%) SQL Server
4 63 (9.39%) MongoDB
5 62 (9.24%) Relational Database
6 56 (8.35%) Oracle Database 12c
7 50 (7.45%) MySQL
8 49 (7.30%) Azure SQL Database
9 45 (6.71%) PostgreSQL
10 42 (6.26%) Oracle Reports
11 41 (6.11%) BusinessObjects
12 40 (5.96%) Hadoop
13 37 (5.51%) Apache Hive
13 37 (5.51%) Oracle Database 11g
14 35 (5.22%) Hazelcast
15 31 (4.62%) Redis
16 29 (4.32%) Big Data
16 29 (4.32%) Oracle ODI
17 28 (4.17%) Oracle BI Publisher
17 28 (4.17%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 109 (16.24%) Git (software)
2 103 (15.35%) Jenkins
3 101 (15.05%) JIRA
4 67 (9.99%) Maven
5 42 (6.26%) Bitbucket
6 34 (5.07%) CA Gen
7 30 (4.47%) Oracle APEX
8 21 (3.13%) SoapUI
9 20 (2.98%) Subversion
10 19 (2.83%) Postman
11 18 (2.68%) Oracle Forms
12 16 (2.38%) GitLab
13 15 (2.24%) TeamCity
14 13 (1.94%) Hudson
14 13 (1.94%) Team Foundation Server
15 12 (1.79%) IntelliJ
15 12 (1.79%) Visual Studio
16 10 (1.49%) Gradle
17 9 (1.34%) Artifactory
17 9 (1.34%) Toad
General
1 157 (23.40%) Social Skills
2 151 (22.50%) Finance
3 137 (20.42%) Banking
4 85 (12.67%) Analytical Skills
5 70 (10.43%) Investment Banking
6 67 (9.99%) Public Sector
7 19 (2.83%) Front Office
8 16 (2.38%) Retail
8 16 (2.38%) Telecoms
9 11 (1.64%) General Ledger
10 10 (1.49%) Manufacturing
11 9 (1.34%) Presentation Skills
12 8 (1.19%) Electronics
12 8 (1.19%) Marketing
13 7 (1.04%) Back Office
14 6 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
15 5 (0.75%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.75%) Legal
16 4 (0.60%) Publishing
17 3 (0.45%) Law
Job Titles
1 362 (53.95%) Developer
2 101 (15.05%) Oracle Developer
3 100 (14.90%) Java Developer
4 63 (9.39%) Senior Developer
5 59 (8.79%) SQL Developer
6 54 (8.05%) Software Engineer
7 48 (7.15%) C# Developer
7 48 (7.15%) Consultant
8 40 (5.96%) Senior Java Developer
9 37 (5.51%) Data Engineer
10 34 (5.07%) DBA
11 30 (4.47%) Oracle DBA
12 28 (4.17%) Analyst
13 27 (4.02%) PL/SQL Developer
14 26 (3.87%) .NET Developer
15 22 (3.28%) Azure Developer
15 22 (3.28%) Senior Consultant
16 19 (2.83%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
17 16 (2.38%) Python Developer
18 15 (2.24%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (16.99%) .NET
2 109 (16.24%) Spring
3 92 (13.71%) J2EE
4 87 (12.97%) JSON
5 79 (11.77%) .NET Core
6 77 (11.48%) Spring Boot
7 75 (11.18%) HTML
8 65 (9.69%) XML
9 54 (8.05%) RESTful
10 51 (7.60%) CSS
11 50 (7.45%) HTML5
12 49 (7.30%) Web Services
13 46 (6.86%) AngularJS
14 41 (6.11%) Kafka
15 38 (5.66%) .NET Framework
15 38 (5.66%) ASP.NET
16 35 (5.22%) SOAP
17 34 (5.07%) RabbitMQ
18 32 (4.77%) Apache Camel
18 32 (4.77%) Oracle Fusion
Miscellaneous
1 51 (7.60%) Data Structures
1 51 (7.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 48 (7.15%) Cloud Native
2 48 (7.15%) Legacy Systems
3 34 (5.07%) Algorithms
4 33 (4.92%) Derivative
5 14 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (1.64%) Data Protection Act
6 11 (1.64%) Fixed Income
7 10 (1.49%) Clustering
7 10 (1.49%) Management Information System
7 10 (1.49%) Replication
8 9 (1.34%) Credit Risk
9 8 (1.19%) Legacy Applications
10 7 (1.04%) Data Centre
11 6 (0.89%) Reference Data
12 5 (0.75%) Greenfield Project
12 5 (0.75%) Public Cloud
13 4 (0.60%) NHS
13 4 (0.60%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 180 (26.83%) Unix
2 148 (22.06%) Linux
3 94 (14.01%) Windows
4 16 (2.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (1.79%) Windows Server
6 11 (1.64%) Solaris
7 7 (1.04%) Oracle Linux
8 4 (0.60%) AIX
8 4 (0.60%) SUSE
9 2 (0.30%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.30%) zOS
10 1 (0.15%) CentOS
10 1 (0.15%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.15%) Debian
10 1 (0.15%) HPUX
10 1 (0.15%) Slackware
10 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 282 (42.03%) Agile Software Development
2 161 (23.99%) Business Intelligence
3 136 (20.27%) Software Engineering
4 126 (18.78%) Test Strategy
5 122 (18.18%) Data Modelling
6 116 (17.29%) ETL
7 115 (17.14%) Scrum
8 101 (15.05%) Microservices
9 100 (14.90%) DevOps
10 91 (13.56%) Process Improvement
11 89 (13.26%) Configuration Management
12 83 (12.37%) OO
12 83 (12.37%) Problem-Solving
13 82 (12.22%) Analytics
14 80 (11.92%) Migration
14 80 (11.92%) Performance Tuning
15 69 (10.28%) Problem Management
15 69 (10.28%) SDLC
16 65 (9.69%) Unit Testing
17 64 (9.54%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 658 (98.06%) SQL
2 262 (39.05%) Java
3 157 (23.40%) Python
4 124 (18.48%) Shell Script
5 120 (17.88%) C#
6 107 (15.95%) Java 8
7 87 (12.97%) T-SQL
8 86 (12.82%) Scala
9 77 (11.48%) JavaScript
10 67 (9.99%) Perl
11 54 (8.05%) C++
12 43 (6.41%) Go
13 30 (4.47%) Haskell
13 30 (4.47%) PowerShell
14 24 (3.58%) COBOL
14 24 (3.58%) HiveQL
14 24 (3.58%) VBA
15 23 (3.43%) C
16 16 (2.38%) TypeScript
17 14 (2.09%) R
Qualifications
1 96 (14.31%) Security Cleared
2 86 (12.82%) SC Cleared
3 42 (6.26%) Degree
4 17 (2.53%) ISTQB
5 15 (2.24%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (2.09%) ISEB
7 8 (1.19%) DV Cleared
8 7 (1.04%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (0.89%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.75%) OCP
11 4 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.45%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.30%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.15%) MCP
14 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.15%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.15%) PMP
14 1 (0.15%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.77%) QA
2 28 (4.17%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.04%) FINREP
3 7 (1.04%) GDPR
4 6 (0.89%) COREP
5 3 (0.45%) SLA
6 2 (0.30%) Accessibility
6 2 (0.30%) IFRS
6 2 (0.30%) PMO
6 2 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.15%) GRC
7 1 (0.15%) HL7
7 1 (0.15%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.15%) MiFID
7 1 (0.15%) NIST
System Software
1 34 (5.07%) Docker
2 26 (3.87%) HDFS
3 20 (2.98%) Oracle RAC
4 7 (1.04%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.15%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 67 (9.99%) Kubernetes
2 59 (8.79%) Ansible
3 18 (2.68%) Data Guard
4 11 (1.64%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 11 (1.64%) Oracle RMAN
5 9 (1.34%) Oozie
5 9 (1.34%) Puppet
5 9 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
6 8 (1.19%) Control-M
6 8 (1.19%) Kibana
7 7 (1.04%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
7 7 (1.04%) Terraform
8 5 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
8 5 (0.75%) logstash
9 4 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.30%) Failover Clustering
10 2 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.30%) QRadar
10 2 (0.30%) Rancher
10 2 (0.30%) Salt
Vendors
1 606 (90.31%) Oracle
2 80 (11.92%) Informatica
3 78 (11.62%) BEA
4 70 (10.43%) webMethods
5 43 (6.41%) MuleSoft
6 36 (5.37%) SAP
7 28 (4.17%) Microsoft
7 28 (4.17%) Talend
8 27 (4.02%) Pega
9 26 (3.87%) WSO2
10 16 (2.38%) Red Hat
11 15 (2.24%) IBM
12 14 (2.09%) Google
13 12 (1.79%) Sybase
14 11 (1.64%) DevExpress
14 11 (1.64%) Serena
14 11 (1.64%) Splunk
15 9 (1.34%) CA
16 6 (0.89%) CyberArk
17 5 (0.75%) Cloudera