Period
to 16 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 16 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 12,560 26,034 34,565
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 18.33% 19.31% 21.02%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.86% 35.78% 37.40%
Number of salaries quoted 11,167 23,067 30,424
Median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £29,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,224 72,767 92,410
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.78% 53.98% 56.21%
Number of salaries quoted 31,846 60,125 77,311
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 16 July 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 16 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 5,520 £65,000 +8.33% 407
South East -1 2,538 £47,500 +5.56% 214
North of England 0 1,931 £45,000 +5.88% 304
North West +1 1,092 £50,000 +17.65% 172
Midlands -1 1,076 £45,000 +9.76% 186
South West 0 780 £45,000 +12.50% 101
Yorkshire 0 733 £42,500 - 101
West Midlands -1 711 £45,500 +7.06% 105
East of England 0 676 £45,000 - 93
East Midlands -2 360 £42,500 +6.25% 80
North East -8 106 £41,000 +9.33% 31
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 16 July 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,068 (32.39%) SQL Server
2 3,996 (31.82%) Agile Software Development
3 3,745 (29.82%) C#
4 3,509 (27.94%) .NET
5 3,383 (26.93%) Azure
6 3,020 (24.04%) Microsoft
7 2,912 (23.18%) JavaScript
8 2,863 (22.79%) Finance
9 2,578 (20.53%) Python
10 2,253 (17.94%) Business Intelligence
11 2,226 (17.72%) Java
12 1,906 (15.18%) AWS
13 1,875 (14.93%) HTML
14 1,867 (14.86%) Degree
15 1,840 (14.65%) Analytics
16 1,776 (14.14%) DevOps
17 1,695 (13.50%) CSS
18 1,657 (13.19%) Windows
19 1,632 (12.99%) Oracle
20 1,565 (12.46%) Analytical Skills
21 1,480 (11.78%) ASP.NET
22 1,475 (11.74%) Problem-Solving
23 1,465 (11.66%) T-SQL
24 1,418 (11.29%) MVC
25 1,414 (11.26%) ETL
26 1,398 (11.13%) Git (software)
27 1,391 (11.07%) Power Platform
28 1,379 (10.98%) Data Warehouse
29 1,368 (10.89%) Linux
30 1,362 (10.84%) Power BI

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 430 (3.42%) SharePoint
2 371 (2.95%) Apache Spark
3 333 (2.65%) IIS
4 257 (2.05%) Confluence
5 249 (1.98%) Apache
6 243 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
7 185 (1.47%) SAS
8 132 (1.05%) Tomcat
9 121 (0.96%) MS Exchange
10 80 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
11 70 (0.56%) CMS
12 64 (0.51%) nginx
13 59 (0.47%) WebSphere
14 57 (0.45%) Exchange Server 2010
15 50 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2013
16 42 (0.33%) Luigi
17 41 (0.33%) Skype for Business
18 39 (0.31%) WebLogic
19 32 (0.25%) JBoss
20 31 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 723 (5.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 376 (2.99%) Microsoft Office
3 84 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 57 (0.45%) SPSS
5 53 (0.42%) MS Visio
6 32 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 27 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
8 7 (0.056%) Camtasia
8 7 (0.056%) MadCap Flare
8 7 (0.056%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.040%) FileZilla
10 4 (0.032%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.032%) InfoPath
11 3 (0.024%) Notepad++
12 2 (0.016%) EViews
12 2 (0.016%) Quantrix
12 2 (0.016%) S-PLUS
12 2 (0.016%) Stata
13 1 (0.008%) CATIA
13 1 (0.008%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 184 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 74 (0.59%) Markit EDM
3 45 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
4 43 (0.34%) PolarLake
5 42 (0.33%) Eagle PACE
6 40 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
7 30 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
8 29 (0.23%) NetSuite
8 29 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
9 24 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
9 24 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
10 22 (0.18%) Magento
10 22 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
11 21 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
11 21 (0.17%) Elite 3E
12 18 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
13 17 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
13 17 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
14 16 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
14 16 (0.13%) Salerio
Cloud Services
1 3,383 (26.93%) Azure
2 1,906 (15.18%) AWS
3 1,391 (11.07%) Power Platform
4 560 (4.46%) SaaS
5 523 (4.16%) Office 365
6 521 (4.15%) GCP
7 354 (2.82%) PaaS
8 331 (2.64%) Serverless
9 283 (2.25%) Azure Data Factory
10 224 (1.78%) IaaS
11 210 (1.67%) Dynamics 365
12 187 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
13 157 (1.25%) Amazon S3
14 152 (1.21%) GitHub
15 138 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
16 137 (1.09%) Azure Active Directory
17 133 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
18 96 (0.76%) OpenShift
19 81 (0.64%) Amazon EMR
20 77 (0.61%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 261 (2.08%) Firewall
2 190 (1.51%) DNS
3 180 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 156 (1.24%) Internet
5 151 (1.20%) WAN
6 141 (1.12%) LAN
7 124 (0.99%) HTTP
7 124 (0.99%) SAN
8 111 (0.88%) DHCP
9 106 (0.84%) Skype
10 103 (0.82%) VPN
11 66 (0.53%) SSL
12 55 (0.44%) VoIP
13 46 (0.37%) Network Security
14 45 (0.36%) Wireless
15 42 (0.33%) FTP
16 38 (0.30%) VLAN
17 34 (0.27%) NetScaler
18 33 (0.26%) Intranet
18 33 (0.26%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,068 (32.39%) SQL Server
2 1,379 (10.98%) Data Warehouse
3 1,362 (10.84%) Power BI
4 1,301 (10.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 1,104 (8.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,095 (8.72%) NoSQL
7 824 (6.56%) Relational Database
8 781 (6.22%) MySQL
9 717 (5.71%) Big Data
10 647 (5.15%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 623 (4.96%) PostgreSQL
12 606 (4.82%) Data Lake
13 521 (4.15%) Azure SQL Database
14 429 (3.42%) MongoDB
15 409 (3.26%) Hadoop
16 316 (2.52%) RDBMS
17 305 (2.43%) Oracle Database
18 277 (2.21%) Amazon Redshift
19 249 (1.98%) SQL Server 2012
20 245 (1.95%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1,398 (11.13%) Git (software)
2 728 (5.80%) JIRA
3 636 (5.06%) Jenkins
4 446 (3.55%) Visual Studio
5 444 (3.54%) Selenium
6 345 (2.75%) Team Foundation Server
7 245 (1.95%) Maven
8 231 (1.84%) SpecFlow
9 195 (1.55%) JUnit
10 181 (1.44%) TeamCity
11 176 (1.40%) Subversion
12 167 (1.33%) Cucumber
13 160 (1.27%) NUnit
14 150 (1.19%) GitLab
15 147 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
16 146 (1.16%) Bitbucket
17 139 (1.11%) SoapUI
18 128 (1.02%) Artifactory
19 124 (0.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 120 (0.96%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 2,863 (22.79%) Finance
2 619 (4.93%) Banking
3 470 (3.74%) Retail
4 431 (3.43%) Marketing
5 323 (2.57%) Front Office
6 315 (2.51%) Law
7 298 (2.37%) Legal
8 257 (2.05%) Back Office
9 199 (1.58%) Public Sector
10 190 (1.51%) Games
11 184 (1.46%) Manufacturing
12 137 (1.09%) Telecoms
13 135 (1.07%) Financial Institution
14 125 (1.00%) Investment Banking
15 124 (0.99%) Advertising
16 63 (0.50%) Local Government
17 60 (0.48%) Automotive
18 52 (0.41%) Electronics
19 40 (0.32%) Aerospace
20 33 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 5,112 (40.70%) Developer
2 2,169 (17.27%) Analyst
3 1,186 (9.44%) .NET Developer
4 993 (7.91%) C# Developer
5 946 (7.53%) Senior Developer
6 836 (6.66%) Software Developer
7 771 (6.14%) SQL Developer
8 660 (5.25%) Software Engineer
9 626 (4.98%) Data Engineer
10 612 (4.87%) Java Developer
11 574 (4.57%) Data Analyst
12 542 (4.32%) C# .NET Developer
13 510 (4.06%) Applications Support
14 486 (3.87%) Support Analyst
15 479 (3.81%) Architect
16 455 (3.62%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 397 (3.16%) DBA
18 393 (3.13%) Junior
19 390 (3.11%) Full Stack Developer
20 373 (2.97%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,509 (27.94%) .NET
2 1,875 (14.93%) HTML
3 1,695 (13.50%) CSS
4 1,480 (11.78%) ASP.NET
5 1,318 (10.49%) AngularJS
6 1,067 (8.50%) Web Services
7 979 (7.79%) .NET Core
8 932 (7.42%) .NET Framework
9 812 (6.46%) React
10 804 (6.40%) REST
11 688 (5.48%) XML
12 681 (5.42%) jQuery
13 643 (5.12%) ASP.NET Web API
14 577 (4.59%) ASP.NET MVC
15 569 (4.53%) RESTful
16 568 (4.52%) Spring
17 541 (4.31%) Node.js
18 530 (4.22%) HTML5
19 488 (3.89%) Entity Framework
20 404 (3.22%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,565 (12.46%) Analytical Skills
2 558 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
3 429 (3.42%) Management Information System
4 367 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
5 360 (2.87%) Data Structures
6 329 (2.62%) Hedge funds
7 320 (2.55%) User Experience
8 291 (2.32%) Algorithms
9 271 (2.16%) Fixed Income
10 233 (1.86%) Mobile App
11 229 (1.82%) Derivative
12 224 (1.78%) Data Centre
13 216 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
14 172 (1.37%) Equities
15 169 (1.35%) Public Cloud
16 132 (1.05%) Replication
17 126 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 123 (0.98%) Clustering
19 99 (0.79%) Virtual Team
20 87 (0.69%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 1,657 (13.19%) Windows
2 1,368 (10.89%) Linux
3 659 (5.25%) Windows Server
4 536 (4.27%) Unix
5 211 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
6 157 (1.25%) Windows 10
6 157 (1.25%) Windows Server 2016
7 153 (1.22%) Android
8 144 (1.15%) Apple iOS
9 112 (0.89%) CentOS
10 101 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
11 89 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 85 (0.68%) Windows 7
13 60 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
14 53 (0.42%) Debian
15 52 (0.41%) Ubuntu
16 43 (0.34%) Solaris
17 33 (0.26%) Mac OS X
18 27 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
19 26 (0.21%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,996 (31.82%) Agile Software Development
2 2,253 (17.94%) Business Intelligence
3 1,840 (14.65%) Analytics
4 1,776 (14.14%) DevOps
5 1,475 (11.74%) Problem-Solving
6 1,418 (11.29%) MVC
7 1,414 (11.26%) ETL
8 1,289 (10.26%) Software Engineering
9 1,146 (9.12%) Scrum
10 1,095 (8.72%) TDD
11 1,069 (8.51%) Computer Science
12 1,032 (8.22%) Microservices
13 1,028 (8.18%) Test Automation
14 924 (7.36%) Data Modelling
15 851 (6.78%) Visualisation
16 823 (6.55%) Continuous Integration
17 813 (6.47%) Data Analysis
18 776 (6.18%) Mentoring
19 741 (5.90%) Migration
20 733 (5.84%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3,745 (29.82%) C#
2 2,912 (23.18%) JavaScript
3 2,578 (20.53%) Python
4 2,226 (17.72%) Java
5 1,465 (11.66%) T-SQL
6 720 (5.73%) PowerShell
7 577 (4.59%) R
8 554 (4.41%) PL/SQL
9 507 (4.04%) PHP
10 476 (3.79%) C++
11 460 (3.66%) TypeScript
12 323 (2.57%) Bash Shell
13 312 (2.48%) VB.NET
14 296 (2.36%) VBA
15 263 (2.09%) Scala
16 223 (1.78%) C
17 214 (1.70%) Shell Script
18 198 (1.58%) Java 8
19 190 (1.51%) VB
20 179 (1.43%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 1,867 (14.86%) Degree
2 601 (4.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 287 (2.29%) Security Cleared
4 221 (1.76%) Microsoft Certification
5 204 (1.62%) SC Cleared
6 94 (0.75%) ISTQB
7 91 (0.72%) MCSE
8 83 (0.66%) MCSA
9 82 (0.65%) ISEB
10 78 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
11 77 (0.61%) DV Cleared
11 77 (0.61%) PhD
12 70 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
13 69 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
14 68 (0.54%) Master's Degree
15 62 (0.49%) CISSP
16 54 (0.43%) CCNA
17 47 (0.37%) CISA
17 47 (0.37%) CISM
18 45 (0.36%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 643 (5.12%) QA
2 293 (2.33%) Data Quality
3 253 (2.01%) SLA
4 134 (1.07%) GDPR
5 94 (0.75%) GAAP
6 55 (0.44%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 46 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 43 (0.34%) PMO
9 36 (0.29%) PCI DSS
10 21 (0.17%) NIST
11 16 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
12 11 (0.088%) GxP
13 10 (0.080%) MiFID
14 9 (0.072%) ISO 20022
15 8 (0.064%) DICOM
15 8 (0.064%) HIPAA
15 8 (0.064%) ISO 9001
15 8 (0.064%) Solvency II
16 6 (0.048%) ISO 15022
16 6 (0.048%) UCITS
System Software
1 1,125 (8.96%) Docker
2 699 (5.57%) Active Directory
3 312 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 257 (2.05%) Hyper-V
5 92 (0.73%) vSphere
6 67 (0.53%) XenApp
7 59 (0.47%) VirtualBox
8 55 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
9 52 (0.41%) XenDesktop
10 49 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
11 41 (0.33%) HDFS
12 27 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 25 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
14 20 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
14 20 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
15 19 (0.15%) KVM
16 18 (0.14%) Terminal Server
17 12 (0.096%) Microsoft Virtual Server
18 11 (0.088%) Firmware
18 11 (0.088%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 763 (6.07%) Kubernetes
2 297 (2.36%) Terraform
3 282 (2.25%) Ansible
4 211 (1.68%) Puppet
5 147 (1.17%) SCCM
6 133 (1.06%) Opscode Chef
7 65 (0.52%) Kibana
8 58 (0.46%) SCOM
9 53 (0.42%) Grafana
10 49 (0.39%) Prometheus
11 48 (0.38%) Control-M
11 48 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
12 46 (0.37%) WSUS
13 43 (0.34%) Nagios
14 42 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
15 34 (0.27%) Nessus
16 29 (0.23%) Packer
17 27 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
17 27 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
18 26 (0.21%) logstash
Vendors
1 3,020 (24.04%) Microsoft
2 1,632 (12.99%) Oracle
3 915 (7.29%) Tableau
4 508 (4.04%) VMware
5 415 (3.30%) Google
6 253 (2.01%) SAP
7 241 (1.92%) IBM
8 239 (1.90%) Alteryx
9 236 (1.88%) Cisco
10 214 (1.70%) Teradata
11 210 (1.67%) Databricks
12 187 (1.49%) Blue Prism
13 185 (1.47%) UiPath
14 184 (1.46%) Automation Anywhere
15 180 (1.43%) Cadence
16 175 (1.39%) Citrix
17 152 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
18 150 (1.19%) Informatica
19 147 (1.17%) Bloomberg
20 132 (1.05%) HP