Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 31,362 33,770 37,126
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.59% 20.64% 20.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.90% 37.29% 38.93%
Number of salaries quoted 26,659 28,467 32,627
England median annual salary £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -
10th Percentile £29,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 84,986 90,555 95,367
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.78% 55.36% 52.93%
Number of salaries quoted 71,203 74,806 82,995
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,913 £60,000 +9.09% 1,692
South East 0 6,131 £45,000 +5.88% 863
North of England 0 4,562 £42,500 +6.25% 1,117
Midlands -1 2,754 £40,000 - 651
North West 0 2,421 £42,500 +6.25% 582
East of England +1 2,093 £43,500 +2.35% 349
South West -1 1,869 £40,000 - 426
Yorkshire 0 1,847 £42,500 - 439
West Midlands -1 1,628 £42,000 +5.00% 364
East Midlands -1 1,131 £40,000 +6.67% 287
North East -1 299 £42,500 +6.25% 96
South Coast - 4 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 10,494 (33.46%) SQL Server
2 10,222 (32.59%) C#
3 9,997 (31.88%) Agile Software Development
4 9,473 (30.21%) .NET
5 8,458 (26.97%) Finance
6 8,097 (25.82%) JavaScript
7 7,998 (25.50%) Microsoft
8 6,578 (20.97%) Java
9 5,980 (19.07%) HTML
10 5,142 (16.40%) CSS
11 4,966 (15.83%) T-SQL
12 4,826 (15.39%) MVC
13 4,740 (15.11%) Degree
14 4,659 (14.86%) Microsoft Azure
15 4,647 (14.82%) Business Intelligence
16 4,536 (14.46%) Windows
17 4,408 (14.06%) ASP.NET
18 4,324 (13.79%) Python
19 4,253 (13.56%) Oracle
20 4,215 (13.44%) Problem-Solving
21 3,890 (12.40%) Linux
22 3,573 (11.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 3,528 (11.25%) AngularJS
24 3,507 (11.18%) Amazon AWS
25 3,497 (11.15%) TDD
26 3,475 (11.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
27 3,450 (11.00%) Software Engineering
28 3,390 (10.81%) Web Services
29 3,389 (10.81%) Analytical Skills
30 3,197 (10.19%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,188 (3.79%) IIS
2 1,087 (3.47%) SharePoint
3 840 (2.68%) Apache Spark
4 724 (2.31%) Apache
5 626 (2.00%) Tomcat
6 576 (1.84%) CMS
7 566 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
8 552 (1.76%) Confluence
9 531 (1.69%) SAS
10 437 (1.39%) MS Exchange
11 333 (1.06%) JBoss
12 284 (0.91%) WebSphere
13 234 (0.75%) WebLogic
14 226 (0.72%) Umbraco
15 215 (0.69%) nginx
16 178 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
17 157 (0.50%) Skype for Business
18 151 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 144 (0.46%) WordPress
20 138 (0.44%) EPiServer
Applications
1 1,763 (5.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 955 (3.05%) Microsoft Office
3 274 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 143 (0.46%) SPSS
5 125 (0.40%) MS Visio
6 98 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
7 61 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 51 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
9 47 (0.15%) Chatbot
10 21 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 20 (0.064%) InfoPath
12 16 (0.051%) Stata
13 15 (0.048%) AutoCAD
14 11 (0.035%) Adobe Illustrator
15 10 (0.032%) GNU Octave
16 4 (0.013%) Doxygen
16 4 (0.013%) EngageOne
16 4 (0.013%) Maya
16 4 (0.013%) ProjectWise
16 4 (0.013%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 532 (1.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 322 (1.03%) Dynamics NAV
3 230 (0.73%) Dynamics AX
4 141 (0.45%) thinkFolio
5 139 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
6 131 (0.42%) Markit EDM
7 103 (0.33%) NetSuite
8 91 (0.29%) Magento
9 77 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
10 73 (0.23%) Front Arena
11 63 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
12 56 (0.18%) Cognos TM1
12 56 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
13 55 (0.18%) SAP Business One
14 54 (0.17%) Eloqua
15 47 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
16 46 (0.15%) Actimize
17 43 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
17 43 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
18 40 (0.13%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 4,659 (14.86%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,507 (11.18%) Amazon AWS
3 897 (2.86%) SaaS
4 814 (2.60%) Office 365
5 517 (1.65%) GitHub
6 497 (1.58%) PaaS
7 410 (1.31%) Google Cloud Platform
8 405 (1.29%) IaaS
9 377 (1.20%) Amazon EC2
10 361 (1.15%) Amazon S3
11 327 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
12 295 (0.94%) Serverless
13 261 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
14 235 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
15 226 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
16 214 (0.68%) Google Analytics
17 194 (0.62%) npm
18 177 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
19 146 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
20 140 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 696 (2.22%) Firewall
2 615 (1.96%) DNS
3 563 (1.80%) TCP/IP
4 483 (1.54%) Internet
5 431 (1.37%) HTTP
6 399 (1.27%) SAN
7 299 (0.95%) VPN
8 289 (0.92%) WAN
9 283 (0.90%) LAN
10 281 (0.90%) DHCP
11 194 (0.62%) SSL
12 183 (0.58%) VLAN
13 178 (0.57%) SMS
14 176 (0.56%) Network Security
15 162 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
16 156 (0.50%) Intranet
17 155 (0.49%) Skype
18 123 (0.39%) VoIP
19 115 (0.37%) NAS
20 108 (0.34%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10,494 (33.46%) SQL Server
2 3,573 (11.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,475 (11.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,960 (9.44%) Data Warehouse
5 2,525 (8.05%) Relational Database
6 2,443 (7.79%) NoSQL
7 2,118 (6.75%) MySQL
8 1,915 (6.11%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,838 (5.86%) Big Data
10 1,768 (5.64%) Power BI
11 1,266 (4.04%) MongoDB
12 1,167 (3.72%) PostgreSQL
13 1,105 (3.52%) SQL Server 2008
14 1,101 (3.51%) Hadoop
15 1,003 (3.20%) SQL Server 2012
16 957 (3.05%) Oracle Database
17 799 (2.55%) RDBMS
18 700 (2.23%) SQL Server 2016
19 640 (2.04%) Azure SQL Database
20 581 (1.85%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 3,197 (10.19%) Git (software)
2 1,813 (5.78%) Visual Studio
3 1,619 (5.16%) Team Foundation Server
4 1,540 (4.91%) Jenkins
5 1,537 (4.90%) JIRA
6 1,138 (3.63%) Selenium
7 781 (2.49%) TeamCity
8 708 (2.26%) Subversion
9 669 (2.13%) JUnit
10 646 (2.06%) Maven
11 586 (1.87%) Octopus Deploy
12 479 (1.53%) NUnit
13 450 (1.43%) Cucumber
14 434 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
15 384 (1.22%) Eclipse
16 378 (1.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 306 (0.98%) SpecFlow
18 268 (0.85%) WebDriver
19 256 (0.82%) Protractor
20 237 (0.76%) SoapUI
General
1 8,458 (26.97%) Finance
2 2,408 (7.68%) Banking
3 1,652 (5.27%) Retail
4 1,281 (4.08%) Marketing
5 944 (3.01%) Advertising
6 916 (2.92%) Front Office
7 744 (2.37%) Investment Banking
8 622 (1.98%) Telecoms
9 601 (1.92%) Manufacturing
10 581 (1.85%) Games
11 494 (1.58%) Legal
12 437 (1.39%) Financial Institution
13 356 (1.14%) Back Office
14 330 (1.05%) Law
15 205 (0.65%) Electronics
16 201 (0.64%) Automotive
17 161 (0.51%) Publishing
18 152 (0.48%) French Language
19 135 (0.43%) German Language
20 78 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 14,531 (46.33%) Developer
2 5,006 (15.96%) Analyst
3 3,833 (12.22%) .NET Developer
4 3,709 (11.83%) C# Developer
5 2,642 (8.42%) SQL Developer
6 2,453 (7.82%) Senior Developer
7 2,241 (7.15%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,155 (6.87%) Java Developer
9 1,997 (6.37%) Software Developer
10 1,450 (4.62%) Applications Support
11 1,379 (4.40%) DBA
12 1,298 (4.14%) Consultant
13 1,254 (4.00%) Support Analyst
14 1,250 (3.99%) Software Engineer
15 1,193 (3.80%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,176 (3.75%) Architect
17 1,118 (3.56%) Junior
18 1,023 (3.26%) SQL DBA
19 924 (2.95%) ASP.NET Developer
20 909 (2.90%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,473 (30.21%) .NET
2 5,980 (19.07%) HTML
3 5,142 (16.40%) CSS
4 4,408 (14.06%) ASP.NET
5 3,528 (11.25%) AngularJS
6 3,390 (10.81%) Web Services
7 2,481 (7.91%) jQuery
8 2,449 (7.81%) XML
9 2,134 (6.80%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,013 (6.42%) .NET Framework
11 1,907 (6.08%) REST
12 1,889 (6.02%) Spring
13 1,884 (6.01%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1,785 (5.69%) HTML5
15 1,606 (5.12%) RESTful
16 1,498 (4.78%) React
17 1,244 (3.97%) SOAP
18 1,228 (3.92%) WCF
19 1,211 (3.86%) JSON
20 1,197 (3.82%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 3,389 (10.81%) Analytical Skills
2 2,593 (8.27%) Computer Science
3 1,386 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
4 1,314 (4.19%) Fintech
5 1,027 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
6 933 (2.97%) Enterprise Software
7 838 (2.67%) User Experience
8 818 (2.61%) Management Information System
9 749 (2.39%) Algorithms
10 650 (2.07%) Equities
11 636 (2.03%) Data Structures
12 634 (2.02%) Fixed Income
13 628 (2.00%) Hedge funds
14 621 (1.98%) Mobile App
15 593 (1.89%) Derivative
16 576 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 448 (1.43%) Replication
18 437 (1.39%) Clustering
19 387 (1.23%) Data Centre
20 294 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,536 (14.46%) Windows
2 3,890 (12.40%) Linux
3 1,921 (6.13%) Unix
4 1,577 (5.03%) Windows Server
5 518 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
6 512 (1.63%) Windows Server 2012
7 480 (1.53%) Android
8 394 (1.26%) Apple iOS
9 355 (1.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 305 (0.97%) Windows 7
11 270 (0.86%) Windows 10
12 211 (0.67%) CentOS
13 186 (0.59%) Solaris
14 161 (0.51%) Ubuntu
15 114 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
16 103 (0.33%) Windows 8
17 100 (0.32%) VMS
18 94 (0.30%) AIX
19 68 (0.22%) Mac OS
20 54 (0.17%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,997 (31.88%) Agile Software Development
2 4,826 (15.39%) MVC
3 4,647 (14.82%) Business Intelligence
4 4,215 (13.44%) Problem-Solving
5 3,497 (11.15%) TDD
6 3,450 (11.00%) Software Engineering
7 3,128 (9.97%) Analytics
8 2,921 (9.31%) Scrum
9 2,793 (8.91%) Test Automation
10 2,605 (8.31%) ETL
11 2,479 (7.90%) DevOps
12 2,342 (7.47%) Continuous Integration
13 2,251 (7.18%) OO
14 2,228 (7.10%) SDLC
15 1,869 (5.96%) Web Development
16 1,756 (5.60%) Microservices
17 1,587 (5.06%) Mentoring
18 1,583 (5.05%) BDD
19 1,579 (5.03%) Data Modelling
20 1,565 (4.99%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 10,222 (32.59%) C#
2 8,097 (25.82%) JavaScript
3 6,578 (20.97%) Java
4 4,966 (15.83%) T-SQL
5 4,324 (13.79%) Python
6 1,780 (5.68%) PowerShell
7 1,722 (5.49%) PL/SQL
8 1,676 (5.34%) C++
9 1,319 (4.21%) PHP
10 957 (3.05%) R
11 897 (2.86%) VB.NET
12 826 (2.63%) C
13 773 (2.46%) VBA
14 756 (2.41%) Scala
15 704 (2.24%) Bash Shell
16 701 (2.24%) Shell Script
17 677 (2.16%) Perl
18 665 (2.12%) Java 8
19 640 (2.04%) Ruby
20 611 (1.95%) VB
Qualifications
1 4,740 (15.11%) Degree
2 1,251 (3.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 636 (2.03%) Security Cleared
4 587 (1.87%) Microsoft Certification
5 316 (1.01%) SC Cleared
6 302 (0.96%) ISTQB
7 283 (0.90%) ISEB
8 253 (0.81%) MCSE
9 220 (0.70%) PhD
10 216 (0.69%) Master's Degree
11 206 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
12 170 (0.54%) MCSA
13 157 (0.50%) DV Cleared
14 117 (0.37%) MCP
15 112 (0.36%) CISSP
16 108 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
17 98 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
18 95 (0.30%) CCNA
19 89 (0.28%) PMI Certification
20 88 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,717 (5.47%) QA
2 643 (2.05%) Data Quality
3 418 (1.33%) SLA
4 288 (0.92%) GDPR
5 214 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 129 (0.41%) PCI DSS
7 88 (0.28%) PMO
8 39 (0.12%) MiFID
9 33 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 28 (0.089%) Cyber Essentials
11 22 (0.070%) FATCA
11 22 (0.070%) IFRS
12 19 (0.061%) Actionable Recommendations
12 19 (0.061%) IFRS 9
12 19 (0.061%) ISO 9001
12 19 (0.061%) Solvency II
13 17 (0.054%) HL7
14 16 (0.051%) WAI
15 15 (0.048%) EMIR
16 14 (0.045%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,593 (5.08%) Active Directory
2 1,382 (4.41%) Docker
3 873 (2.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 527 (1.68%) Hyper-V
5 337 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
6 211 (0.67%) vSphere
7 159 (0.51%) HDFS
8 128 (0.41%) XenApp
9 127 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
10 93 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
11 87 (0.28%) XenDesktop
12 74 (0.24%) VirtualBox
13 60 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
14 57 (0.18%) Terminal Services
15 48 (0.15%) Xen
16 45 (0.14%) XenServer
17 42 (0.13%) Apache Flume
18 37 (0.12%) Firmware
19 36 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
20 29 (0.092%) KVM
Systems Management
1 832 (2.65%) Ansible
2 655 (2.09%) Puppet
3 632 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
4 564 (1.80%) Kubernetes
5 359 (1.14%) Terraform
6 329 (1.05%) SCCM
7 163 (0.52%) SCOM
8 126 (0.40%) Nagios
9 124 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
10 119 (0.38%) Kibana
11 86 (0.27%) Oozie
12 81 (0.26%) Data Guard
13 77 (0.25%) logstash
14 74 (0.24%) Control-M
15 73 (0.23%) Microsoft Clustering
15 73 (0.23%) Prometheus
16 72 (0.23%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
17 71 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
18 70 (0.22%) Salt
19 68 (0.22%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 7,998 (25.50%) Microsoft
2 4,253 (13.56%) Oracle
3 1,405 (4.48%) Tableau
4 1,331 (4.24%) VMware
5 860 (2.74%) Google
6 710 (2.26%) SAP
7 499 (1.59%) Cisco
8 492 (1.57%) Citrix
9 436 (1.39%) IBM
10 421 (1.34%) Red Hat
11 418 (1.33%) Xamarin
12 364 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
13 333 (1.06%) Sybase
14 309 (0.99%) Cognos
15 286 (0.91%) Informatica
16 263 (0.84%) HP
17 246 (0.78%) Atlassian
18 210 (0.67%) Adobe
19 208 (0.66%) New Relic
20 203 (0.65%) Talend