Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 18,308 11,617 25,469
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 18.32% 18.29% 19.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.94% 32.48% 35.51%
Number of salaries quoted 13,972 9,780 21,721
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,375 £29,750
25th Percentile £40,750 £40,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 55,577 35,767 71,720
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.61% 56.31% 53.89%
Number of salaries quoted 38,489 30,084 59,800
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 8,357 £65,000 - 1,267
South East 0 3,025 £49,000 +3.16% 509
North of England -1 2,801 £47,500 +5.56% 662
Midlands 0 1,841 £44,000 -2.22% 476
North West -3 1,263 £47,500 -5.00% 364
Yorkshire +1 1,257 £46,500 +8.14% 235
West Midlands 0 1,246 £45,000 - 311
South West -1 1,205 £45,000 - 229
East of England +1 770 £51,000 +13.33% 203
East Midlands +1 592 £42,500 - 164
North East +7 283 £45,000 +7.14% 63
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 6,000 (32.77%) Agile Software Development
2 5,567 (30.41%) Azure
3 5,424 (29.63%) C#
4 4,980 (27.20%) .NET
5 4,678 (25.55%) JavaScript
6 4,489 (24.52%) Python
7 4,141 (22.62%) SQL Server
8 4,033 (22.03%) Finance
9 3,883 (21.21%) Social Skills
10 3,872 (21.15%) Microsoft
11 3,758 (20.53%) AWS
12 3,425 (18.71%) Java
13 3,215 (17.56%) Business Intelligence
14 3,124 (17.06%) DevOps
15 2,972 (16.23%) Analytics
16 2,928 (15.99%) Software Engineering
17 2,529 (13.81%) Microservices
18 2,504 (13.68%) Docker
19 2,483 (13.56%) HTML
20 2,390 (13.05%) CSS
21 2,379 (12.99%) Degree
22 2,369 (12.94%) React
23 2,348 (12.82%) Problem-Solving
24 2,336 (12.76%) Power Platform
25 2,229 (12.18%) NoSQL
26 2,216 (12.10%) Power BI
27 2,160 (11.80%) Git (software)
28 2,022 (11.04%) Full Stack Development
29 2,012 (10.99%) Analytical Skills
30 1,981 (10.82%) .NET Core

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 733 (4.00%) Apache Spark
2 589 (3.22%) SharePoint
3 426 (2.33%) Apache
4 404 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
5 356 (1.94%) IIS
6 314 (1.72%) Apache Airflow
7 303 (1.66%) CMS
8 253 (1.38%) Confluence
9 213 (1.16%) SAS
10 155 (0.85%) Tomcat
11 145 (0.79%) nginx
12 104 (0.57%) WordPress
13 103 (0.56%) WebLogic
14 95 (0.52%) MS Exchange
15 92 (0.50%) EPiServer
16 79 (0.43%) Umbraco
17 62 (0.34%) Luigi
18 58 (0.32%) Apache Solr
18 58 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
19 46 (0.25%) JBoss
Applications
1 1,035 (5.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 542 (2.96%) Microsoft Office
3 114 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 97 (0.53%) MS Visio
5 87 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
6 38 (0.21%) Photoshop
7 29 (0.16%) SPSS
8 24 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 24 (0.13%) Sketch
9 23 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
10 18 (0.098%) Chatbot
11 17 (0.093%) GIMP
12 16 (0.087%) InVision
13 13 (0.071%) Figma
13 13 (0.071%) InfoPath
14 12 (0.066%) SOLIDWORKS
15 9 (0.049%) Stata
16 7 (0.038%) AutoCAD
17 6 (0.033%) InDesign
17 6 (0.033%) Solid Edge
Business Applications
1 248 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 76 (0.42%) NetSuite
3 74 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
4 65 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
5 53 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
6 35 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
7 32 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
8 31 (0.17%) Magento
8 31 (0.17%) Shopify
9 28 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
10 25 (0.14%) SAP Business One
11 24 (0.13%) IBM Planning Analytics
11 24 (0.13%) Sentinel
12 23 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
13 21 (0.11%) SAP ERP
14 16 (0.087%) Oracle Payables
14 16 (0.087%) Oracle Receivables
14 16 (0.087%) Payment Gateway
15 15 (0.082%) Elite 3E
15 15 (0.082%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 5,567 (30.41%) Azure
2 3,758 (20.53%) AWS
3 2,336 (12.76%) Power Platform
4 1,251 (6.83%) GCP
5 988 (5.40%) SaaS
6 984 (5.37%) Serverless
7 712 (3.89%) Microsoft 365
8 536 (2.93%) PaaS
9 517 (2.82%) Azure Data Factory
10 512 (2.80%) GitHub
11 491 (2.68%) AWS Lambda
12 441 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
13 430 (2.35%) Amazon S3
14 420 (2.29%) Snowflake
15 344 (1.88%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 340 (1.86%) IaaS
17 312 (1.70%) Azure Service Bus
18 287 (1.57%) Azure Active Directory
19 273 (1.49%) Dynamics 365
20 236 (1.29%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 395 (2.16%) HTTP
2 373 (2.04%) Firewall
3 288 (1.57%) DNS
4 172 (0.94%) TCP/IP
5 166 (0.91%) Internet
6 162 (0.88%) DHCP
7 156 (0.85%) VPN
8 111 (0.61%) SAN
9 106 (0.58%) WAN
10 92 (0.50%) LAN
11 81 (0.44%) FTP
12 65 (0.36%) SSL
13 61 (0.33%) VLAN
14 60 (0.33%) Wireless
15 59 (0.32%) SSH
16 58 (0.32%) AMQP
17 56 (0.31%) SMTP
18 52 (0.28%) VoIP
19 51 (0.28%) Network Security
20 49 (0.27%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,141 (22.62%) SQL Server
2 2,229 (12.18%) NoSQL
3 2,216 (12.10%) Power BI
4 1,977 (10.80%) Data Warehouse
5 1,430 (7.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,429 (7.81%) Relational Database
7 1,298 (7.09%) PostgreSQL
8 1,275 (6.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1,189 (6.49%) Tableau
10 1,144 (6.25%) MySQL
11 1,011 (5.52%) Big Data
12 910 (4.97%) MongoDB
13 732 (4.00%) Azure SQL Database
14 699 (3.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 568 (3.10%) Data Lake
16 559 (3.05%) Redis
17 530 (2.89%) Hadoop
18 439 (2.40%) Oracle Database
18 439 (2.40%) RDBMS
19 408 (2.23%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 2,160 (11.80%) Git (software)
2 1,094 (5.98%) Jenkins
3 1,004 (5.48%) JIRA
4 654 (3.57%) Visual Studio
5 577 (3.15%) Selenium
6 456 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
7 365 (1.99%) TeamCity
8 327 (1.79%) JUnit
9 318 (1.74%) Maven
10 311 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
11 256 (1.40%) Subversion
12 211 (1.15%) Cucumber
12 211 (1.15%) webpack
13 208 (1.14%) NUnit
14 204 (1.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 193 (1.05%) SpecFlow
16 163 (0.89%) GitLab
17 159 (0.87%) Postman
18 157 (0.86%) Bitbucket
19 152 (0.83%) WebDriver
General
1 4,033 (22.03%) Finance
2 3,883 (21.21%) Social Skills
3 2,012 (10.99%) Analytical Skills
4 912 (4.98%) Banking
5 838 (4.58%) Marketing
6 662 (3.62%) Retail
7 421 (2.30%) Law
8 369 (2.02%) Manufacturing
9 362 (1.98%) Front Office
10 345 (1.88%) Games
11 302 (1.65%) Legal
12 301 (1.64%) Public Sector
13 296 (1.62%) Presentation Skills
14 278 (1.52%) Advertising
15 253 (1.38%) Back Office
16 235 (1.28%) Organisational Skills
17 211 (1.15%) Telecoms
18 187 (1.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
19 185 (1.01%) Investment Banking
20 139 (0.76%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 7,494 (40.93%) Developer
2 2,467 (13.47%) Analyst
3 1,524 (8.32%) .NET Developer
4 1,511 (8.25%) Software Engineer
5 1,493 (8.15%) Senior Developer
6 1,315 (7.18%) C# Developer
7 1,246 (6.81%) Software Developer
8 1,131 (6.18%) Data Engineer
9 906 (4.95%) SQL Developer
10 796 (4.35%) Data Analyst
11 770 (4.21%) Java Developer
12 765 (4.18%) Full Stack Developer
13 693 (3.79%) C# .NET Developer
14 668 (3.65%) Architect
15 573 (3.13%) Applications Support
16 558 (3.05%) Azure Engineer
17 557 (3.04%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 477 (2.61%) Python Engineer
19 419 (2.29%) Junior
20 413 (2.26%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,980 (27.20%) .NET
2 2,483 (13.56%) HTML
3 2,390 (13.05%) CSS
4 2,369 (12.94%) React
5 1,981 (10.82%) .NET Core
6 1,957 (10.69%) AngularJS
7 1,651 (9.02%) REST
8 1,516 (8.28%) Web Services
9 1,447 (7.90%) ASP.NET
10 1,208 (6.60%) .NET Framework
11 1,129 (6.17%) Node.js
12 1,075 (5.87%) RESTful
13 1,022 (5.58%) Spring
14 867 (4.74%) Kafka
15 811 (4.43%) Vue.js
16 802 (4.38%) XML
17 765 (4.18%) jQuery
18 749 (4.09%) ASP.NET Web API
18 749 (4.09%) JSON
19 702 (3.83%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 814 (4.45%) Greenfield Project
2 763 (4.17%) User Experience
3 540 (2.95%) Algorithms
4 484 (2.64%) Self-Motivation
5 447 (2.44%) Data Structures
6 437 (2.39%) Management Information System
7 390 (2.13%) Hedge funds
8 369 (2.02%) Mobile App
9 337 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
10 315 (1.72%) Equities
11 277 (1.51%) Derivative
12 262 (1.43%) Legacy Systems
13 236 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 226 (1.23%) Data Centre
15 225 (1.23%) Fixed Income
16 215 (1.17%) Public Cloud
17 186 (1.02%) Virtual Team
18 175 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
19 170 (0.93%) Cloud Native
20 147 (0.80%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,852 (10.12%) Linux
2 1,775 (9.70%) Windows
3 615 (3.36%) Unix
4 594 (3.24%) Windows Server
5 230 (1.26%) Android
6 196 (1.07%) Windows 10
7 190 (1.04%) Apple iOS
8 176 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
9 168 (0.92%) Windows Server 2016
10 130 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 105 (0.57%) Windows Server 2019
12 95 (0.52%) Windows 7
12 95 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
13 89 (0.49%) CentOS
14 69 (0.38%) Ubuntu
15 64 (0.35%) Solaris
16 46 (0.25%) VMS
17 41 (0.22%) Windows 8
18 27 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
19 24 (0.13%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,000 (32.77%) Agile Software Development
2 3,215 (17.56%) Business Intelligence
3 3,124 (17.06%) DevOps
4 2,972 (16.23%) Analytics
5 2,928 (15.99%) Software Engineering
6 2,529 (13.81%) Microservices
7 2,348 (12.82%) Problem-Solving
8 2,022 (11.04%) Full Stack Development
9 1,901 (10.38%) ETL
10 1,766 (9.65%) Scrum
11 1,676 (9.15%) MVC
12 1,668 (9.11%) Test Automation
13 1,633 (8.92%) TDD
14 1,620 (8.85%) Computer Science
15 1,398 (7.64%) Data Modelling
16 1,363 (7.44%) Visualisation
17 1,350 (7.37%) Data Science
18 1,260 (6.88%) Continuous Integration
19 1,242 (6.78%) Mentoring
20 1,239 (6.77%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,424 (29.63%) C#
2 4,678 (25.55%) JavaScript
3 4,489 (24.52%) Python
4 3,425 (18.71%) Java
5 1,846 (10.08%) T-SQL
6 1,317 (7.19%) TypeScript
7 1,140 (6.23%) PowerShell
8 898 (4.90%) PHP
9 655 (3.58%) C++
10 631 (3.45%) PL/SQL
11 597 (3.26%) R
12 499 (2.73%) Scala
13 456 (2.49%) Bash Shell
14 422 (2.31%) C
15 404 (2.21%) Go
16 345 (1.88%) VBA
17 320 (1.75%) Ruby
18 283 (1.55%) Java 8
19 252 (1.38%) Kotlin
19 252 (1.38%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,379 (12.99%) Degree
2 792 (4.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 444 (2.43%) Security Cleared
4 326 (1.78%) SC Cleared
5 288 (1.57%) Microsoft Certification
6 181 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
7 148 (0.81%) Master's Degree
8 120 (0.66%) PhD
9 83 (0.45%) ISTQB
9 83 (0.45%) MCSE
10 76 (0.42%) ISEB
11 58 (0.32%) MCSA
12 53 (0.29%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 52 (0.28%) DV Cleared
14 51 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
14 51 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
15 49 (0.27%) CCNA
16 44 (0.24%) Citrix Certification
16 44 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 39 (0.21%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,099 (6.00%) QA
2 625 (3.41%) Data Quality
3 225 (1.23%) SLA
4 205 (1.12%) GDPR
5 112 (0.61%) Accessibility
6 75 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 60 (0.33%) GRC
8 52 (0.28%) PSD2
9 45 (0.25%) PCI DSS
10 20 (0.11%) PMO
10 20 (0.11%) Solvency II
11 19 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 18 (0.098%) CDISC
13 16 (0.087%) Good Clinical Practice
14 14 (0.076%) HL7
14 14 (0.076%) MiFID
14 14 (0.076%) NIST
15 13 (0.071%) GxP
16 12 (0.066%) COBIT
17 10 (0.055%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 2,504 (13.68%) Docker
2 784 (4.28%) Active Directory
3 369 (2.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 225 (1.23%) Hyper-V
5 86 (0.47%) VirtualBox
6 81 (0.44%) vSphere
7 71 (0.39%) XenApp
8 70 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
9 55 (0.30%) XenDesktop
10 53 (0.29%) HDFS
11 48 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
12 32 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
13 25 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 24 (0.13%) Firmware
15 22 (0.12%) Terminal Services
16 21 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
17 16 (0.087%) Virtual Servers
18 14 (0.076%) Ceph
19 12 (0.066%) Snort
20 11 (0.060%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 1,961 (10.71%) Kubernetes
2 1,006 (5.49%) Terraform
3 563 (3.08%) Ansible
4 312 (1.70%) Grafana
5 279 (1.52%) Prometheus
6 254 (1.39%) Puppet
7 209 (1.14%) Opscode Chef
8 166 (0.91%) SCCM
9 112 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
9 112 (0.61%) Microsoft Intune
10 61 (0.33%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 55 (0.30%) WSUS
12 53 (0.29%) Packer
13 52 (0.28%) Graphite
14 49 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
15 47 (0.26%) SCOM
16 38 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
17 35 (0.19%) Nagios
18 33 (0.18%) Kibana
19 32 (0.17%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 3,872 (21.15%) Microsoft
2 1,915 (10.46%) Oracle
3 1,054 (5.76%) Google
4 579 (3.16%) VMware
5 444 (2.43%) SAP
6 428 (2.34%) Databricks
7 348 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
8 271 (1.48%) IBM
9 213 (1.16%) Citrix
10 202 (1.10%) Informatica
11 186 (1.02%) Red Hat
12 170 (0.93%) Alteryx
13 147 (0.80%) Adobe
14 146 (0.80%) Cisco
15 145 (0.79%) Talend
16 132 (0.72%) Sybase
17 124 (0.68%) Xamarin
18 122 (0.67%) Samsung
19 114 (0.62%) Cloudera
19 114 (0.62%) Splunk