Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 13,828 18,560 26,868
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 18.19% 18.64% 19.55%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.75% 34.15% 35.91%
Number of salaries quoted 11,505 15,654 22,810
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +7.53%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,223 54,352 74,814
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.53% 54.58% 54.45%
Number of salaries quoted 34,225 45,727 62,396
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 5,713 £65,000 +4.00% 950
North of England -1 2,419 £47,500 +5.56% 534
South East -2 2,288 £50,000 +11.11% 462
Midlands -1 1,514 £44,000 +3.53% 350
North West 0 1,165 £47,500 - 286
South West +1 1,111 £45,000 +5.88% 204
Yorkshire -1 1,028 £47,500 +11.76% 178
West Midlands -2 946 £45,000 - 245
East of England 0 564 £49,000 +8.89% 200
East Midlands +4 562 £42,500 +6.25% 103
North East +4 228 £42,500 +13.33% 70
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,384 (31.70%) Azure
2 4,204 (30.40%) C#
3 4,134 (29.90%) Agile Software Development
4 3,774 (27.29%) .NET
5 3,618 (26.16%) JavaScript
6 3,376 (24.41%) SQL Server
7 3,354 (24.26%) Python
8 2,991 (21.63%) Microsoft
9 2,926 (21.16%) Finance
10 2,582 (18.67%) AWS
11 2,508 (18.14%) Java
12 2,464 (17.82%) Business Intelligence
13 2,453 (17.74%) DevOps
14 2,131 (15.41%) HTML
15 2,128 (15.39%) Analytics
16 2,078 (15.03%) CSS
17 1,868 (13.51%) Software Engineering
18 1,843 (13.33%) Degree
19 1,741 (12.59%) Docker
19 1,741 (12.59%) Power Platform
20 1,630 (11.79%) Power BI
21 1,615 (11.68%) Microservices
22 1,578 (11.41%) .NET Core
23 1,555 (11.25%) T-SQL
24 1,546 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
25 1,543 (11.16%) Analytical Skills
26 1,529 (11.06%) Git (software)
27 1,484 (10.73%) Linux
28 1,468 (10.62%) Windows
29 1,453 (10.51%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 566 (4.09%) SharePoint
2 506 (3.66%) Apache Spark
3 287 (2.08%) Apache
4 271 (1.96%) IIS
5 225 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
6 222 (1.61%) Confluence
7 198 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
8 197 (1.42%) SAS
9 191 (1.38%) CMS
10 99 (0.72%) MS Exchange
11 96 (0.69%) nginx
11 96 (0.69%) Tomcat
12 67 (0.48%) EPiServer
13 63 (0.46%) Luigi
14 60 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
15 51 (0.37%) WordPress
16 46 (0.33%) WebSphere
17 44 (0.32%) JBoss
18 43 (0.31%) WebLogic
19 36 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 814 (5.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 375 (2.71%) Microsoft Office
3 82 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 78 (0.56%) MS Visio
5 69 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
6 24 (0.17%) SPSS
7 21 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 19 (0.14%) Sketch
9 17 (0.12%) Photoshop
10 10 (0.072%) AutoCAD
10 10 (0.072%) InVision
11 9 (0.065%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 9 (0.065%) Chatbot
11 9 (0.065%) Figma
12 8 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
13 7 (0.051%) InfoPath
14 5 (0.036%) Revit
14 5 (0.036%) Stata
15 4 (0.029%) Gliffy
15 4 (0.029%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 254 (1.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 78 (0.56%) Dynamics AX
3 65 (0.47%) Dynamics NAV
4 60 (0.43%) NetSuite
5 40 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
6 36 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
6 36 (0.26%) SAP Business One
7 29 (0.21%) Magento
8 18 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
9 17 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
9 17 (0.12%) Summit
10 16 (0.12%) Elite 3E
11 14 (0.10%) Sage 1000
11 14 (0.10%) Sentinel
12 13 (0.094%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
13 12 (0.087%) Markit EDM
13 12 (0.087%) Oracle Payables
13 12 (0.087%) Oracle Receivables
13 12 (0.087%) PeopleSoft HCM
14 11 (0.080%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 4,384 (31.70%) Azure
2 2,582 (18.67%) AWS
3 1,741 (12.59%) Power Platform
4 793 (5.73%) GCP
5 663 (4.79%) SaaS
6 627 (4.53%) Serverless
7 524 (3.79%) Microsoft 365
8 456 (3.30%) PaaS
9 413 (2.99%) Azure Data Factory
10 295 (2.13%) Azure Active Directory
11 275 (1.99%) IaaS
12 272 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
13 255 (1.84%) Dynamics 365
14 253 (1.83%) Amazon S3
15 246 (1.78%) Azure Service Bus
16 244 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
17 234 (1.69%) GitHub
18 231 (1.67%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 185 (1.34%) Azure Synapse Analytics
20 184 (1.33%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 281 (2.03%) Firewall
2 177 (1.28%) DNS
3 176 (1.27%) HTTP
4 135 (0.98%) TCP/IP
5 112 (0.81%) Internet
6 111 (0.80%) DHCP
6 111 (0.80%) SAN
7 109 (0.79%) WAN
8 103 (0.74%) VPN
9 89 (0.64%) LAN
10 64 (0.46%) VoIP
11 63 (0.46%) SSH
12 51 (0.37%) FTP
13 48 (0.35%) Network Security
14 44 (0.32%) Wireless
15 43 (0.31%) Skype
16 41 (0.30%) Intranet
17 39 (0.28%) NAS
18 36 (0.26%) VLAN
19 35 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,376 (24.41%) SQL Server
2 1,630 (11.79%) Power BI
3 1,453 (10.51%) Data Warehouse
4 1,393 (10.07%) NoSQL
5 1,212 (8.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,184 (8.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 959 (6.94%) PostgreSQL
8 951 (6.88%) Relational Database
9 847 (6.13%) MySQL
10 817 (5.91%) Tableau
11 703 (5.08%) Big Data
12 680 (4.92%) Azure SQL Database
13 578 (4.18%) MongoDB
14 566 (4.09%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 431 (3.12%) Hadoop
16 413 (2.99%) Data Lake
17 341 (2.47%) Amazon Redshift
18 334 (2.42%) Redis
19 247 (1.79%) Oracle Database
20 244 (1.76%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,529 (11.06%) Git (software)
2 861 (6.23%) Jenkins
3 658 (4.76%) JIRA
4 471 (3.41%) Visual Studio
5 458 (3.31%) Selenium
6 390 (2.82%) Team Foundation Server
7 261 (1.89%) Maven
8 235 (1.70%) JUnit
9 219 (1.58%) Subversion
10 210 (1.52%) TeamCity
11 200 (1.45%) Cucumber
12 164 (1.19%) Visual Studio Team System
13 154 (1.11%) Bitbucket
14 146 (1.06%) Octopus Deploy
15 139 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 123 (0.89%) GitLab
17 122 (0.88%) Gradle
17 122 (0.88%) SpecFlow
18 115 (0.83%) NUnit
19 113 (0.82%) Postman
General
1 2,926 (21.16%) Finance
2 613 (4.43%) Marketing
3 605 (4.38%) Banking
4 405 (2.93%) Retail
5 312 (2.26%) Public Sector
6 305 (2.21%) Manufacturing
7 291 (2.10%) Law
8 267 (1.93%) Front Office
9 230 (1.66%) Back Office
10 192 (1.39%) Telecoms
11 185 (1.34%) Games
12 170 (1.23%) Advertising
13 168 (1.21%) Legal
14 103 (0.74%) Electronics
15 102 (0.74%) Investment Banking
16 93 (0.67%) Financial Institution
17 80 (0.58%) Multimedia
18 64 (0.46%) Billing
19 50 (0.36%) Aerospace
20 47 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5,933 (42.91%) Developer
2 1,982 (14.33%) Analyst
3 1,320 (9.55%) .NET Developer
4 1,303 (9.42%) Senior Developer
5 1,161 (8.40%) C# Developer
6 935 (6.76%) Software Developer
7 901 (6.52%) Software Engineer
8 876 (6.33%) Data Engineer
9 766 (5.54%) SQL Developer
10 660 (4.77%) Full Stack Developer
11 620 (4.48%) C# .NET Developer
12 590 (4.27%) Data Analyst
13 580 (4.19%) Java Developer
14 536 (3.88%) Applications Support
15 480 (3.47%) Azure Engineer
16 448 (3.24%) Architect
17 409 (2.96%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 375 (2.71%) Support Analyst
19 368 (2.66%) Junior
20 364 (2.63%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,774 (27.29%) .NET
2 2,131 (15.41%) HTML
3 2,078 (15.03%) CSS
4 1,578 (11.41%) .NET Core
5 1,402 (10.14%) AngularJS
6 1,356 (9.81%) React
7 1,246 (9.01%) ASP.NET
8 1,119 (8.09%) Web Services
9 1,034 (7.48%) REST
10 887 (6.41%) .NET Framework
11 723 (5.23%) Node.js
12 709 (5.13%) jQuery
13 707 (5.11%) RESTful
14 659 (4.77%) Spring
15 644 (4.66%) Vue.js
16 643 (4.65%) XML
17 623 (4.51%) HTML5
18 550 (3.98%) ASP.NET Web API
19 530 (3.83%) Kafka
20 491 (3.55%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,543 (11.16%) Analytical Skills
2 534 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
3 396 (2.86%) User Experience
4 386 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
5 352 (2.55%) Data Structures
6 334 (2.42%) Hedge funds
7 316 (2.29%) Management Information System
8 296 (2.14%) Mobile App
9 293 (2.12%) Algorithms
10 215 (1.55%) Equities
11 199 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
12 189 (1.37%) Derivative
13 182 (1.32%) Data Centre
14 168 (1.21%) N-Tier
15 145 (1.05%) Fixed Income
16 133 (0.96%) Virtual Team
17 127 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 123 (0.89%) Organisational Skills
19 122 (0.88%) Clustering
20 117 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,484 (10.73%) Linux
2 1,468 (10.62%) Windows
3 554 (4.01%) Windows Server
4 465 (3.36%) Unix
5 163 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 139 (1.01%) Android
7 123 (0.89%) Windows Server 2016
8 115 (0.83%) Apple iOS
9 111 (0.80%) Windows 10
10 102 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
11 75 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
12 72 (0.52%) Ubuntu
13 69 (0.50%) CentOS
14 50 (0.36%) Windows 7
15 46 (0.33%) Solaris
16 45 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
17 17 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
18 15 (0.11%) VMS
19 14 (0.10%) AIX
20 13 (0.094%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,134 (29.90%) Agile Software Development
2 2,464 (17.82%) Business Intelligence
3 2,453 (17.74%) DevOps
4 2,128 (15.39%) Analytics
5 1,868 (13.51%) Software Engineering
6 1,615 (11.68%) Microservices
7 1,546 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
8 1,423 (10.29%) MVC
9 1,422 (10.28%) ETL
10 1,208 (8.74%) TDD
11 1,184 (8.56%) Test Automation
12 1,181 (8.54%) Scrum
13 1,097 (7.93%) Computer Science
14 1,014 (7.33%) Continuous Integration
15 981 (7.09%) Data Modelling
16 980 (7.09%) Visualisation
17 927 (6.70%) Mentoring
18 920 (6.65%) OO
19 878 (6.35%) Data Science
20 824 (5.96%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 4,204 (30.40%) C#
2 3,618 (26.16%) JavaScript
3 3,354 (24.26%) Python
4 2,508 (18.14%) Java
5 1,555 (11.25%) T-SQL
6 862 (6.23%) PowerShell
7 772 (5.58%) TypeScript
8 728 (5.26%) PHP
9 510 (3.69%) C++
10 472 (3.41%) R
11 441 (3.19%) PL/SQL
12 340 (2.46%) Bash Shell
13 333 (2.41%) Scala
14 327 (2.36%) C
15 287 (2.08%) Go
16 250 (1.81%) Ruby
17 233 (1.68%) VB.NET
18 223 (1.61%) VBA
19 216 (1.56%) VB
20 187 (1.35%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,843 (13.33%) Degree
2 538 (3.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 417 (3.02%) Security Cleared
4 307 (2.22%) SC Cleared
5 219 (1.58%) Microsoft Certification
6 191 (1.38%) Numerate Degree
7 83 (0.60%) PhD
8 70 (0.51%) ISTQB
8 70 (0.51%) MCSE
9 65 (0.47%) DV Cleared
10 61 (0.44%) ISEB
11 60 (0.43%) Master's Degree
12 47 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
12 47 (0.34%) CCNA
12 47 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
13 38 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
14 37 (0.27%) AWS Certification
15 36 (0.26%) MCSA
16 35 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
17 33 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 715 (5.17%) QA
2 414 (2.99%) Data Quality
3 176 (1.27%) SLA
4 154 (1.11%) GDPR
5 66 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 36 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 28 (0.20%) GRC
7 28 (0.20%) NIST
8 15 (0.11%) Solvency II
9 14 (0.10%) CDISC
10 13 (0.094%) PSD2
11 11 (0.080%) ISO 9001
12 10 (0.072%) COBIT
12 10 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 9 (0.065%) Good Clinical Practice
14 8 (0.058%) PMO
15 7 (0.051%) MiFID
16 6 (0.043%) Basel II
16 6 (0.043%) CRD IV
16 6 (0.043%) EMIR
System Software
1 1,741 (12.59%) Docker
2 660 (4.77%) Active Directory
3 294 (2.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 189 (1.37%) Hyper-V
5 55 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
5 55 (0.40%) VirtualBox
6 51 (0.37%) HDFS
7 50 (0.36%) vSphere
8 41 (0.30%) XenApp
9 40 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
10 36 (0.26%) XenDesktop
11 27 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
12 26 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
13 20 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 17 (0.12%) Terminal Services
15 15 (0.11%) Firmware
16 9 (0.065%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 8 (0.058%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 8 (0.058%) NFS
17 8 (0.058%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 1,296 (9.37%) Kubernetes
2 763 (5.52%) Terraform
3 453 (3.28%) Ansible
4 212 (1.53%) Opscode Chef
5 208 (1.50%) Puppet
6 159 (1.15%) SCCM
7 127 (0.92%) Prometheus
8 125 (0.90%) Grafana
9 97 (0.70%) Microsoft Intune
10 76 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
11 59 (0.43%) Packer
12 47 (0.34%) Failover Clustering
13 41 (0.30%) SCOM
14 32 (0.23%) WSUS
15 29 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
16 28 (0.20%) Oracle RMAN
17 24 (0.17%) Consul
17 24 (0.17%) MIIS
17 24 (0.17%) Nessus
18 21 (0.15%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 2,991 (21.63%) Microsoft
2 1,361 (9.84%) Oracle
3 622 (4.50%) Google
4 457 (3.30%) VMware
5 300 (2.17%) Databricks
6 275 (1.99%) SAP
7 247 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
8 177 (1.28%) IBM
9 168 (1.21%) Red Hat
10 156 (1.13%) Citrix
11 154 (1.11%) Informatica
12 144 (1.04%) Talend
13 135 (0.98%) Cisco
14 113 (0.82%) Sybase
15 110 (0.80%) Xamarin
16 104 (0.75%) Cloudera
17 99 (0.72%) Alteryx
18 98 (0.71%) Nintex
19 89 (0.64%) EnterpriseDB
20 86 (0.62%) Splunk