Period
to 23 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 27,413 34,487 33,726
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 19.75% 20.81% 20.81%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.01% 36.97% 38.40%
Number of salaries quoted 23,408 29,557 29,428
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,250 £27,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £71,250
UK median annual salary £49,337 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +9.64% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 76,121 93,280 87,828
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.84% 56.29% 54.19%
Number of salaries quoted 63,422 79,129 75,748
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 23 March 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 23 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 12,352 £60,000 +4.35% 778
South East 0 5,437 £45,000 +5.88% 344
North of England 0 3,831 £42,500 +2.41% 455
Midlands 0 2,474 £41,000 +2.50% 317
North West 0 1,923 £42,500 - 254
South West 0 1,783 £40,000 - 144
Yorkshire 0 1,648 £42,500 +6.25% 164
East of England 0 1,557 £45,000 - 138
West Midlands 0 1,494 £42,500 +6.25% 180
East Midlands +2 979 £40,000 - 136
North East +1 270 £42,500 +6.25% 37
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 23 March 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 8,991 (32.80%) C#
2 8,979 (32.75%) Agile Software Development
3 8,704 (31.75%) SQL Server
4 8,251 (30.10%) .NET
5 6,773 (24.71%) Microsoft
6 6,570 (23.97%) Finance
7 6,438 (23.49%) JavaScript
8 5,514 (20.11%) Java
9 4,773 (17.41%) Microsoft Azure
10 4,680 (17.07%) HTML
11 4,332 (15.80%) Business Intelligence
12 4,312 (15.73%) Python
13 4,259 (15.54%) Windows
14 4,045 (14.76%) ASP.NET
15 4,034 (14.72%) CSS
16 3,949 (14.41%) T-SQL
17 3,877 (14.14%) MVC
18 3,731 (13.61%) Oracle
19 3,710 (13.53%) Degree
20 3,493 (12.74%) Linux
21 3,261 (11.90%) Amazon AWS
22 3,216 (11.73%) Problem-Solving
23 3,171 (11.57%) Software Engineering
24 3,001 (10.95%) Analytics
25 2,877 (10.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
26 2,872 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
27 2,782 (10.15%) TDD
28 2,756 (10.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
29 2,696 (9.83%) AngularJS
30 2,680 (9.78%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,133 (4.13%) IIS
2 976 (3.56%) SharePoint
3 810 (2.95%) Apache Spark
4 643 (2.35%) Apache
5 532 (1.94%) Tomcat
6 494 (1.80%) SAS
7 474 (1.73%) Elasticsearch
8 404 (1.47%) Confluence
9 400 (1.46%) MS Exchange
10 352 (1.28%) CMS
11 213 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
12 181 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
13 173 (0.63%) JBoss
14 168 (0.61%) Umbraco
15 167 (0.61%) nginx
15 167 (0.61%) WebSphere
16 127 (0.46%) Apache Solr
17 121 (0.44%) WebLogic
18 104 (0.38%) Skype for Business
19 98 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 1,468 (5.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 973 (3.55%) Microsoft Office
3 239 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 124 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 95 (0.35%) SPSS
6 57 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
7 55 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
8 35 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 32 (0.12%) AutoCAD
10 25 (0.091%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 16 (0.058%) Chatbot
12 14 (0.051%) Stata
13 11 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
13 11 (0.040%) HipChat
14 9 (0.033%) InfoPath
15 7 (0.026%) EngageOne
16 5 (0.018%) InVision
16 5 (0.018%) Maple
17 4 (0.015%) Revit
17 4 (0.015%) Weka
Business Applications
1 420 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 197 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
3 179 (0.65%) Dynamics AX
4 132 (0.48%) thinkFolio
5 125 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
6 117 (0.43%) Magento
7 95 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
8 93 (0.34%) Markit EDM
9 69 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
10 61 (0.22%) NetSuite
11 60 (0.22%) Oracle Payroll
12 52 (0.19%) Front Arena
13 49 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
14 48 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
14 48 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
15 47 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
15 47 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
16 42 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
16 42 (0.15%) Oracle General Ledger
17 39 (0.14%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 4,773 (17.41%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,261 (11.90%) Amazon AWS
3 1,002 (3.66%) SaaS
4 898 (3.28%) Office 365
5 727 (2.65%) Google Cloud Platform
6 481 (1.75%) PaaS
7 432 (1.58%) GitHub
8 329 (1.20%) IaaS
9 327 (1.19%) Serverless
10 277 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
11 260 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
12 256 (0.93%) Amazon S3
13 253 (0.92%) Azure Data Factory
14 237 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
15 191 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
16 176 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
17 168 (0.61%) Google Analytics
18 147 (0.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 139 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
20 122 (0.45%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 720 (2.63%) Firewall
2 536 (1.96%) DNS
3 491 (1.79%) TCP/IP
4 405 (1.48%) WAN
5 389 (1.42%) LAN
6 368 (1.34%) SAN
7 352 (1.28%) Internet
8 314 (1.15%) HTTP
9 293 (1.07%) VPN
10 276 (1.01%) DHCP
11 202 (0.74%) SSL
12 184 (0.67%) VLAN
13 182 (0.66%) Network Security
14 170 (0.62%) VoIP
15 145 (0.53%) Intranet
16 126 (0.46%) Wi-Fi
17 109 (0.40%) Wireless
18 105 (0.38%) Skype
19 104 (0.38%) NAS
20 101 (0.37%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,704 (31.75%) SQL Server
2 2,877 (10.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,756 (10.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,587 (9.44%) Data Warehouse
5 2,128 (7.76%) NoSQL
6 2,012 (7.34%) Relational Database
7 1,806 (6.59%) Power BI
8 1,622 (5.92%) MySQL
9 1,546 (5.64%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,462 (5.33%) Big Data
11 1,036 (3.78%) Hadoop
12 1,007 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
13 986 (3.60%) MongoDB
14 821 (2.99%) Oracle Database
15 746 (2.72%) SQL Server 2008
16 684 (2.50%) SQL Server 2012
17 678 (2.47%) Azure SQL Database
18 624 (2.28%) RDBMS
19 623 (2.27%) QlikView
20 611 (2.23%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,640 (9.63%) Git (software)
2 1,550 (5.65%) Visual Studio
3 1,323 (4.83%) JIRA
4 1,275 (4.65%) Jenkins
5 1,230 (4.49%) Team Foundation Server
6 976 (3.56%) Selenium
7 556 (2.03%) TeamCity
8 554 (2.02%) Subversion
9 475 (1.73%) Cucumber
10 448 (1.63%) Maven
11 428 (1.56%) JUnit
12 388 (1.42%) Octopus Deploy
13 360 (1.31%) Visual Studio Team System
14 352 (1.28%) NUnit
15 342 (1.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 289 (1.05%) SpecFlow
17 240 (0.88%) SoapUI
18 236 (0.86%) WebDriver
19 231 (0.84%) Eclipse
20 200 (0.73%) Oracle Forms
General
1 6,570 (23.97%) Finance
2 1,972 (7.19%) Banking
3 1,266 (4.62%) Marketing
4 1,237 (4.51%) Retail
5 831 (3.03%) Front Office
6 555 (2.02%) Telecoms
7 498 (1.82%) Investment Banking
8 465 (1.70%) Manufacturing
9 457 (1.67%) Legal
10 448 (1.63%) Advertising
11 381 (1.39%) Games
12 377 (1.38%) Law
13 323 (1.18%) Back Office
14 218 (0.80%) Electronics
15 195 (0.71%) Financial Institution
16 131 (0.48%) Publishing
17 126 (0.46%) Military
18 125 (0.46%) Billing
19 119 (0.43%) French Language
20 116 (0.42%) German Language
Job Titles
1 12,151 (44.33%) Developer
2 4,491 (16.38%) Analyst
3 3,205 (11.69%) .NET Developer
4 3,182 (11.61%) C# Developer
5 2,176 (7.94%) SQL Developer
6 1,945 (7.10%) C# .NET Developer
7 1,893 (6.91%) Senior Developer
8 1,796 (6.55%) Software Developer
9 1,592 (5.81%) Java Developer
10 1,397 (5.10%) Applications Support
11 1,256 (4.58%) Support Analyst
12 1,143 (4.17%) Software Engineer
13 1,119 (4.08%) Architect
14 1,055 (3.85%) DBA
15 1,031 (3.76%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 946 (3.45%) Junior
17 914 (3.33%) Consultant
18 883 (3.22%) Data Analyst
19 807 (2.94%) SQL Analyst
20 765 (2.79%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,251 (30.10%) .NET
2 4,680 (17.07%) HTML
3 4,045 (14.76%) ASP.NET
4 4,034 (14.72%) CSS
5 2,696 (9.83%) AngularJS
6 2,680 (9.78%) Web Services
7 2,295 (8.37%) XML
8 1,800 (6.57%) ASP.NET MVC
9 1,775 (6.48%) jQuery
10 1,678 (6.12%) ASP.NET Web API
11 1,615 (5.89%) .NET Framework
12 1,501 (5.48%) Spring
13 1,463 (5.34%) REST
14 1,351 (4.93%) React
15 1,285 (4.69%) RESTful
16 1,217 (4.44%) HTML5
17 1,191 (4.34%) JSON
18 1,088 (3.97%) SOAP
19 991 (3.62%) WCF
20 945 (3.45%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 2,872 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
2 1,285 (4.69%) Greenfield Project
3 1,181 (4.31%) Fintech
4 955 (3.48%) Self-Motivation
5 753 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
6 728 (2.66%) Algorithms
7 697 (2.54%) Hedge funds
8 628 (2.29%) Data Structures
9 624 (2.28%) User Experience
10 613 (2.24%) Management Information System
11 611 (2.23%) Fixed Income
12 603 (2.20%) Derivative
13 576 (2.10%) Equities
14 566 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 456 (1.66%) Mobile App
16 397 (1.45%) Clustering
17 383 (1.40%) Replication
18 362 (1.32%) Data Centre
19 237 (0.86%) Public Cloud
20 223 (0.81%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,259 (15.54%) Windows
2 3,493 (12.74%) Linux
3 1,688 (6.16%) Unix
4 1,582 (5.77%) Windows Server
5 440 (1.61%) Windows Server 2012
6 384 (1.40%) Windows Server 2008
7 361 (1.32%) Android
8 343 (1.25%) Apple iOS
9 321 (1.17%) Windows 10
10 307 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 256 (0.93%) Windows 7
12 237 (0.86%) CentOS
13 204 (0.74%) Ubuntu
14 138 (0.50%) Solaris
15 134 (0.49%) AIX
16 96 (0.35%) Windows 8
17 85 (0.31%) Debian
18 72 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
19 48 (0.18%) Fedora
20 47 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,979 (32.75%) Agile Software Development
2 4,332 (15.80%) Business Intelligence
3 3,877 (14.14%) MVC
4 3,216 (11.73%) Problem-Solving
5 3,171 (11.57%) Software Engineering
6 3,001 (10.95%) Analytics
7 2,782 (10.15%) TDD
8 2,563 (9.35%) Scrum
9 2,501 (9.12%) Test Automation
10 2,390 (8.72%) DevOps
11 2,361 (8.61%) ETL
12 2,189 (7.99%) Computer Science
13 1,964 (7.16%) SDLC
14 1,844 (6.73%) Continuous Integration
15 1,774 (6.47%) OO
16 1,549 (5.65%) Data Modelling
17 1,477 (5.39%) Web Development
18 1,449 (5.29%) ITIL
19 1,428 (5.21%) Visualisation
20 1,412 (5.15%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 8,991 (32.80%) C#
2 6,438 (23.49%) JavaScript
3 5,514 (20.11%) Java
4 4,312 (15.73%) Python
5 3,949 (14.41%) T-SQL
6 1,644 (6.00%) PowerShell
7 1,553 (5.67%) PL/SQL
8 1,335 (4.87%) C++
9 1,113 (4.06%) PHP
10 1,055 (3.85%) R
11 719 (2.62%) C
12 700 (2.55%) VB.NET
13 696 (2.54%) VBA
14 667 (2.43%) Scala
15 580 (2.12%) Ruby
16 574 (2.09%) Bash Shell
17 572 (2.09%) Shell Script
18 558 (2.04%) Perl
19 534 (1.95%) VB
20 473 (1.73%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 3,710 (13.53%) Degree
2 978 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 669 (2.44%) Security Cleared
4 549 (2.00%) Microsoft Certification
5 383 (1.40%) SC Cleared
6 349 (1.27%) ISEB
7 313 (1.14%) ISTQB
8 242 (0.88%) MCSE
9 223 (0.81%) MCSA
10 187 (0.68%) Master's Degree
11 169 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
12 159 (0.58%) PhD
13 150 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 128 (0.47%) DV Cleared
15 116 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
16 105 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
17 99 (0.36%) CCNA
18 95 (0.35%) MCP
19 93 (0.34%) CISSP
20 92 (0.34%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,716 (6.26%) QA
2 738 (2.69%) Data Quality
3 473 (1.73%) SLA
4 415 (1.51%) GDPR
5 241 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 115 (0.42%) PCI DSS
7 60 (0.22%) HL7
8 57 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
9 48 (0.18%) PMO
10 41 (0.15%) HIPAA
11 40 (0.15%) MiFID
12 37 (0.13%) Solvency II
13 30 (0.11%) ISO 9001
14 29 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
15 27 (0.098%) DICOM
16 21 (0.077%) IFRS
16 21 (0.077%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 16 (0.058%) COBIT
17 16 (0.058%) WAI
18 14 (0.051%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,611 (5.88%) Active Directory
2 1,376 (5.02%) Docker
3 981 (3.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 631 (2.30%) Hyper-V
5 260 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
6 175 (0.64%) XenApp
7 147 (0.54%) vSphere
8 130 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
9 97 (0.35%) HDFS
9 97 (0.35%) XenDesktop
10 84 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
11 75 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 63 (0.23%) VirtualBox
13 62 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
14 60 (0.22%) Apache Flume
15 43 (0.16%) Terminal Services
16 37 (0.13%) XenServer
17 29 (0.11%) Xen
18 28 (0.10%) NFS
19 26 (0.095%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 718 (2.62%) Ansible
2 669 (2.44%) Kubernetes
3 585 (2.13%) Puppet
4 442 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
5 405 (1.48%) Terraform
6 338 (1.23%) SCCM
7 144 (0.53%) Oozie
8 142 (0.52%) SCOM
9 131 (0.48%) Nagios
10 109 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
11 89 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
12 86 (0.31%) Prometheus
13 85 (0.31%) Salt
14 84 (0.31%) Kibana
15 79 (0.29%) Data Guard
16 77 (0.28%) Failover Clustering
16 77 (0.28%) Grafana
17 69 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
18 68 (0.25%) vCenter Server
19 67 (0.24%) WSUS
Vendors
1 6,773 (24.71%) Microsoft
2 3,731 (13.61%) Oracle
3 1,487 (5.42%) Tableau
4 1,381 (5.04%) VMware
5 841 (3.07%) Google
6 777 (2.83%) SAP
7 557 (2.03%) Citrix
8 554 (2.02%) Cisco
9 463 (1.69%) IBM
10 389 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
11 378 (1.38%) Red Hat
12 296 (1.08%) HP
13 241 (0.88%) Xamarin
14 211 (0.77%) Adobe
15 208 (0.76%) Splunk
16 206 (0.75%) Cognos
17 202 (0.74%) Informatica
18 197 (0.72%) Sitecore
19 196 (0.71%) Atlassian
20 192 (0.70%) Veeam