Period
to 22 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 34,222 34,167 43,156
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.77% 20.62% 21.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.15% 38.41% 41.61%
Number of salaries quoted 29,325 29,754 37,909
England median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.22% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £70,000
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 92,130 88,961 103,726
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.91% 53.69% 52.55%
Number of salaries quoted 78,037 76,775 90,050
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 22 February 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 22 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,844 £55,000 - 1,644
South East 0 7,279 £42,500 - 790
North of England 0 5,244 £40,000 - 889
Midlands 0 3,294 £40,000 +3.90% 589
North West 0 2,672 £40,000 - 479
East of England -1 2,353 £45,000 +5.88% 387
Yorkshire 0 2,252 £41,000 +2.50% 343
South West +1 2,128 £40,000 - 336
West Midlands -1 2,113 £40,000 +6.67% 348
East Midlands -2 1,179 £38,500 -3.75% 238
North East -1 317 £40,000 +6.67% 67
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 22 February 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,691 (34.16%) SQL Server
2 11,129 (32.52%) C#
3 10,713 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
4 10,417 (30.44%) .NET
5 9,188 (26.85%) JavaScript
6 8,541 (24.96%) Microsoft
7 8,281 (24.20%) Finance
8 7,192 (21.02%) HTML
9 6,628 (19.37%) Java
10 6,040 (17.65%) CSS
11 5,598 (16.36%) MVC
12 5,460 (15.95%) ASP.NET
13 5,356 (15.65%) T-SQL
14 5,096 (14.89%) Business Intelligence
15 4,963 (14.50%) Windows
16 4,935 (14.42%) Oracle
17 4,814 (14.07%) Degree
18 4,011 (11.72%) Linux
19 3,960 (11.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 3,904 (11.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 3,747 (10.95%) Python
22 3,738 (10.92%) Microsoft Azure
23 3,734 (10.91%) AngularJS
24 3,668 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
25 3,559 (10.40%) Scrum
26 3,501 (10.23%) Software Engineering
27 3,450 (10.08%) Web Services
28 3,415 (9.98%) TDD
29 3,363 (9.83%) jQuery
30 3,269 (9.55%) Analytics

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,221 (3.57%) IIS
2 1,190 (3.48%) SharePoint
3 809 (2.36%) Apache Spark
4 775 (2.26%) SAS
5 696 (2.03%) Apache
6 670 (1.96%) Tomcat
7 563 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
8 561 (1.64%) MS Exchange
9 521 (1.52%) CMS
10 475 (1.39%) JBoss
11 443 (1.29%) Confluence
12 364 (1.06%) WebSphere
13 274 (0.80%) Exchange Server 2010
14 251 (0.73%) Umbraco
15 241 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
16 230 (0.67%) WebLogic
17 200 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 186 (0.54%) Exchange Server 2013
19 178 (0.52%) Skype for Business
20 146 (0.43%) nginx
Applications
1 1,873 (5.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 938 (2.74%) Microsoft Office
3 243 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 209 (0.61%) MS Visio
5 154 (0.45%) SPSS
6 128 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
7 59 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 50 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 39 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 37 (0.11%) InfoPath
11 19 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
12 11 (0.032%) Weka
13 9 (0.026%) AutoCAD
13 9 (0.026%) S-PLUS
14 8 (0.023%) GNU Octave
15 7 (0.020%) InDesign
16 6 (0.018%) Maya
17 5 (0.015%) Acrobat
18 4 (0.012%) 3ds Max
18 4 (0.012%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 522 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 419 (1.22%) Dynamics NAV
3 277 (0.81%) Dynamics AX
4 203 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
5 150 (0.44%) NetSuite
6 138 (0.40%) Elite 3E
6 138 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
7 109 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
8 96 (0.28%) SAP Business One
9 77 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
10 76 (0.22%) Oracle 11i
11 69 (0.20%) Magento
12 67 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
13 66 (0.19%) Markit EDM
14 62 (0.18%) Sage X3
15 56 (0.16%) Cognos Business Intelligence
16 53 (0.15%) thinkFolio
17 52 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
18 51 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
19 49 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 3,738 (10.92%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,749 (8.03%) Amazon AWS
3 899 (2.63%) SaaS
4 724 (2.12%) Office 365
5 573 (1.67%) GitHub
6 375 (1.10%) PaaS
7 354 (1.03%) Google Cloud Platform
8 340 (0.99%) IaaS
9 291 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
10 251 (0.73%) Azure Data Factory
11 215 (0.63%) Serverless
12 189 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
12 189 (0.55%) Amazon S3
13 174 (0.51%) Google Analytics
14 170 (0.50%) npm
15 161 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
16 125 (0.37%) OpenShift
17 115 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
18 101 (0.30%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
19 98 (0.29%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 655 (1.91%) Firewall
2 548 (1.60%) DNS
3 536 (1.57%) TCP/IP
4 529 (1.55%) Internet
5 476 (1.39%) HTTP
6 388 (1.13%) SAN
7 310 (0.91%) WAN
8 297 (0.87%) DHCP
9 293 (0.86%) LAN
10 235 (0.69%) VPN
11 228 (0.67%) SSL
12 215 (0.63%) SMS
13 178 (0.52%) VoIP
14 170 (0.50%) Intranet
15 162 (0.47%) FTP
16 121 (0.35%) Skype
17 119 (0.35%) Network Security
18 117 (0.34%) VLAN
19 104 (0.30%) Broadband
20 100 (0.29%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,691 (34.16%) SQL Server
2 3,960 (11.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 3,904 (11.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 2,908 (8.50%) Data Warehouse
5 2,456 (7.18%) MySQL
6 2,382 (6.96%) NoSQL
7 2,175 (6.36%) Relational Database
8 2,138 (6.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,729 (5.05%) Big Data
10 1,471 (4.30%) Power BI
11 1,235 (3.61%) SQL Server 2008
12 1,227 (3.59%) Oracle Database
13 1,206 (3.52%) MongoDB
14 1,127 (3.29%) Hadoop
15 1,082 (3.16%) SQL Server 2012
16 1,071 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
17 825 (2.41%) SQL Server 2014
18 780 (2.28%) SQL Server 2016
19 745 (2.18%) QlikView
20 708 (2.07%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 2,906 (8.49%) Git (software)
2 2,095 (6.12%) Visual Studio
3 1,567 (4.58%) JIRA
4 1,560 (4.56%) Team Foundation Server
5 1,431 (4.18%) Jenkins
6 1,357 (3.97%) Selenium
7 1,079 (3.15%) Subversion
8 729 (2.13%) Maven
9 634 (1.85%) JUnit
10 624 (1.82%) Cucumber
11 616 (1.80%) NUnit
12 574 (1.68%) TeamCity
13 358 (1.05%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 343 (1.00%) Octopus Deploy
15 339 (0.99%) Eclipse
16 312 (0.91%) SoapUI
17 307 (0.90%) WebDriver
18 269 (0.79%) SpecFlow
19 250 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 228 (0.67%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 8,281 (24.20%) Finance
2 2,217 (6.48%) Banking
3 1,811 (5.29%) Retail
4 1,319 (3.85%) Advertising
5 1,311 (3.83%) Marketing
6 816 (2.38%) Front Office
7 768 (2.24%) Investment Banking
8 686 (2.00%) Games
9 666 (1.95%) Manufacturing
10 659 (1.93%) Legal
11 640 (1.87%) Telecoms
12 490 (1.43%) Law
13 383 (1.12%) Back Office
14 340 (0.99%) Financial Institution
15 309 (0.90%) Retail Banking
16 229 (0.67%) Automotive
17 214 (0.63%) Electronics
18 192 (0.56%) Publishing
19 169 (0.49%) Billing
20 117 (0.34%) German Language
Job Titles
1 16,066 (46.95%) Developer
2 5,489 (16.04%) Analyst
3 4,444 (12.99%) .NET Developer
4 4,185 (12.23%) C# Developer
5 3,053 (8.92%) SQL Developer
6 2,689 (7.86%) C# .NET Developer
7 2,665 (7.79%) Senior Developer
8 2,418 (7.07%) Software Developer
9 2,348 (6.86%) Java Developer
10 1,747 (5.10%) Applications Support
11 1,501 (4.39%) Consultant
12 1,434 (4.19%) DBA
13 1,422 (4.16%) Software Engineer
14 1,420 (4.15%) Support Analyst
15 1,368 (4.00%) ASP.NET Developer
16 1,325 (3.87%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 1,255 (3.67%) Junior
18 1,249 (3.65%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 1,087 (3.18%) Architect
20 1,071 (3.13%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,417 (30.44%) .NET
2 7,192 (21.02%) HTML
3 6,040 (17.65%) CSS
4 5,460 (15.95%) ASP.NET
5 3,734 (10.91%) AngularJS
6 3,450 (10.08%) Web Services
7 3,363 (9.83%) jQuery
8 2,834 (8.28%) XML
9 2,606 (7.61%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,430 (7.10%) .NET Framework
11 2,087 (6.10%) REST
12 1,987 (5.81%) Spring
13 1,968 (5.75%) HTML5
14 1,840 (5.38%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,749 (5.11%) RESTful
16 1,651 (4.82%) WCF
17 1,411 (4.12%) SOAP
18 1,316 (3.85%) Node.js
19 1,284 (3.75%) Entity Framework
20 1,189 (3.47%) React
Miscellaneous
1 3,668 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
2 2,816 (8.23%) Computer Science
3 1,453 (4.25%) Greenfield Project
4 1,173 (3.43%) Fintech
5 964 (2.82%) User Experience
6 860 (2.51%) Management Information System
7 828 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
8 765 (2.24%) Algorithms
9 762 (2.23%) Mobile App
10 537 (1.57%) Clustering
11 524 (1.53%) Data Structures
12 506 (1.48%) Replication
13 462 (1.35%) Equities
14 430 (1.26%) Hedge funds
15 395 (1.15%) Fixed Income
16 371 (1.08%) Data Centre
17 344 (1.01%) Client/Server
18 343 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 276 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
20 271 (0.79%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 4,963 (14.50%) Windows
2 4,011 (11.72%) Linux
3 2,338 (6.83%) Unix
4 1,918 (5.60%) Windows Server
5 692 (2.02%) Windows Server 2012
6 662 (1.93%) Windows Server 2008
7 612 (1.79%) Android
8 501 (1.46%) Apple iOS
9 462 (1.35%) Windows 7
10 347 (1.01%) Windows 10
11 213 (0.62%) Solaris
12 206 (0.60%) Windows Server 2003
13 186 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 162 (0.47%) Windows 8
15 137 (0.40%) CentOS
16 103 (0.30%) Ubuntu
17 91 (0.27%) AIX
18 78 (0.23%) VMS
19 62 (0.18%) Debian
20 50 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,713 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
2 5,598 (16.36%) MVC
3 5,096 (14.89%) Business Intelligence
4 3,559 (10.40%) Scrum
5 3,501 (10.23%) Software Engineering
6 3,415 (9.98%) TDD
7 3,269 (9.55%) Analytics
8 2,935 (8.58%) Test Automation
9 2,695 (7.88%) OO
10 2,677 (7.82%) ETL
11 2,575 (7.52%) Web Development
12 2,534 (7.40%) SDLC
13 2,247 (6.57%) Continuous Integration
14 1,906 (5.57%) DevOps
15 1,848 (5.40%) ITIL
16 1,720 (5.03%) Unit Testing
17 1,683 (4.92%) Data Modelling
18 1,603 (4.68%) Mentoring
19 1,590 (4.65%) Mathematics
20 1,454 (4.25%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11,129 (32.52%) C#
2 9,188 (26.85%) JavaScript
3 6,628 (19.37%) Java
4 5,356 (15.65%) T-SQL
5 3,747 (10.95%) Python
6 1,748 (5.11%) PL/SQL
7 1,733 (5.06%) PHP
8 1,551 (4.53%) PowerShell
9 1,547 (4.52%) C++
10 1,071 (3.13%) VB.NET
11 1,030 (3.01%) R
12 995 (2.91%) C
13 891 (2.60%) VBA
14 873 (2.55%) Ruby
15 783 (2.29%) VB
16 725 (2.12%) Scala
17 722 (2.11%) Perl
18 692 (2.02%) Shell Script
19 688 (2.01%) Bash Shell
20 400 (1.17%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 4,814 (14.07%) Degree
2 1,172 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 744 (2.17%) Microsoft Certification
4 538 (1.57%) Security Cleared
5 393 (1.15%) ISEB
6 388 (1.13%) ISTQB
7 312 (0.91%) SC Cleared
8 279 (0.82%) MCSE
9 255 (0.75%) PhD
10 210 (0.61%) MCSA
11 195 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
12 187 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 183 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
14 176 (0.51%) Master's Degree
15 171 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
16 144 (0.42%) CCNA
17 123 (0.36%) DV Cleared
18 107 (0.31%) MCP
19 101 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
20 82 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,079 (6.08%) QA
2 762 (2.23%) Data Quality
3 516 (1.51%) SLA
4 212 (0.62%) GDPR
5 155 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 118 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 102 (0.30%) PMO
8 87 (0.25%) MiFID
9 64 (0.19%) GCP
10 45 (0.13%) Solvency II
11 44 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 40 (0.12%) COBIT
12 40 (0.12%) ISO 9001
13 38 (0.11%) EMIR
14 30 (0.088%) SEPA
15 21 (0.061%) HIPAA
16 19 (0.056%) WAI
17 18 (0.053%) HL7
18 16 (0.047%) Actionable Recommendations
19 15 (0.044%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,541 (4.50%) Active Directory
2 1,180 (3.45%) Docker
3 807 (2.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 441 (1.29%) Hyper-V
5 207 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
6 200 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
7 186 (0.54%) vSphere
8 180 (0.53%) XenApp
9 116 (0.34%) HDFS
10 101 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
11 97 (0.28%) XenDesktop
12 66 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
13 63 (0.18%) Apache Flume
14 38 (0.11%) Terminal Services
14 38 (0.11%) VirtualBox
14 38 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
15 30 (0.088%) Microsoft App-V
16 28 (0.082%) Virtual Desktop
17 26 (0.076%) Xen
18 24 (0.070%) KVM
Systems Management
1 619 (1.81%) Puppet
2 555 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
3 465 (1.36%) Ansible
4 368 (1.08%) SCCM
5 325 (0.95%) Kubernetes
6 168 (0.49%) Terraform
7 166 (0.49%) SCOM
8 131 (0.38%) Nagios
9 112 (0.33%) Oracle RMAN
10 109 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 105 (0.31%) Kibana
12 104 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
13 99 (0.29%) Data Guard
14 81 (0.24%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 79 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
16 72 (0.21%) vCenter Server
17 66 (0.19%) WSUS
18 65 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
18 65 (0.19%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
19 63 (0.18%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 8,541 (24.96%) Microsoft
2 4,935 (14.42%) Oracle
3 1,447 (4.23%) Tableau
4 1,394 (4.07%) VMware
5 928 (2.71%) Google
6 827 (2.42%) SAP
7 544 (1.59%) Cisco
8 540 (1.58%) Citrix
9 412 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
10 407 (1.19%) IBM
11 402 (1.17%) Sybase
12 398 (1.16%) HP
13 396 (1.16%) Cognos
14 318 (0.93%) Informatica
15 283 (0.83%) Capita
16 260 (0.76%) Xamarin
17 255 (0.75%) Red Hat
18 239 (0.70%) Sage
19 233 (0.68%) Talend
20 208 (0.61%) Zend