Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 20,169 27,046 34,403
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 18.60% 19.70% 20.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.23% 35.97% 37.06%
Number of salaries quoted 17,803 23,973 30,836
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,500
% change year-on-year - +9.89% +1.11%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 58,920 75,191 92,836
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.35% 54.78% 56.30%
Number of salaries quoted 49,012 62,524 78,773
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £53,931 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.73% +5.00% +5.26%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 8,708 £62,500 +4.17% 922
South East -1 4,266 £45,000 - 572
North of England 0 2,921 £45,000 +5.88% 592
Midlands 0 1,799 £42,500 +2.41% 342
North West 0 1,610 £45,000 +5.88% 347
South West -1 1,345 £42,500 +6.25% 211
West Midlands 0 1,169 £45,000 +5.88% 233
Yorkshire 0 1,143 £42,500 - 196
East of England 0 1,068 £45,000 - 194
East Midlands -4 623 £40,000 - 109
North East -1 168 £39,000 -8.24% 49
South Coast - 2 £67,500 -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 6,420 (31.83%) C#
2 6,321 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
3 6,189 (30.69%) SQL Server
4 5,731 (28.41%) .NET
5 4,799 (23.79%) Azure
6 4,748 (23.54%) JavaScript
7 4,631 (22.96%) Microsoft
8 4,404 (21.84%) Finance
9 3,764 (18.66%) Python
10 3,570 (17.70%) Java
11 3,345 (16.58%) Business Intelligence
12 2,941 (14.58%) HTML
13 2,821 (13.99%) AWS
14 2,713 (13.45%) Degree
15 2,679 (13.28%) Windows
16 2,668 (13.23%) Analytics
17 2,635 (13.06%) CSS
18 2,599 (12.89%) ASP.NET
19 2,561 (12.70%) MVC
20 2,509 (12.44%) Oracle
21 2,485 (12.32%) T-SQL
22 2,476 (12.28%) DevOps
23 2,403 (11.91%) Problem-Solving
24 2,380 (11.80%) Analytical Skills
25 2,141 (10.62%) Linux
26 2,101 (10.42%) Git (software)
27 2,100 (10.41%) ETL
28 2,088 (10.35%) Software Engineering
29 2,079 (10.31%) AngularJS
30 1,998 (9.91%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 625 (3.10%) Apache Spark
2 598 (2.96%) SharePoint
3 532 (2.64%) IIS
4 399 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
5 338 (1.68%) SAS
6 305 (1.51%) Apache
7 264 (1.31%) Confluence
8 221 (1.10%) Tomcat
9 181 (0.90%) MS Exchange
10 166 (0.82%) CMS
11 110 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
12 88 (0.44%) JBoss
13 86 (0.43%) nginx
14 76 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
15 75 (0.37%) WebSphere
16 71 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2010
16 71 (0.35%) WebLogic
17 66 (0.33%) Skype for Business
18 62 (0.31%) Umbraco
19 60 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 1,118 (5.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 647 (3.21%) Microsoft Office
3 159 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 124 (0.61%) MS Visio
5 100 (0.50%) SPSS
6 46 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 46 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
7 28 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 14 (0.069%) Chatbot
9 12 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
10 10 (0.050%) Camtasia
11 5 (0.025%) Adobe Premiere
11 5 (0.025%) Sketch
12 4 (0.020%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.020%) Adobe Captivate
12 4 (0.020%) Adobe XD
12 4 (0.020%) Gliffy
12 4 (0.020%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.020%) InVision
12 4 (0.020%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 309 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 122 (0.60%) Markit EDM
3 108 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
4 78 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
5 64 (0.32%) thinkFolio
6 59 (0.29%) PolarLake
7 57 (0.28%) Eagle PACE
7 57 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
8 52 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
9 51 (0.25%) NetSuite
10 50 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
11 44 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
11 44 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
12 41 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
13 39 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
14 38 (0.19%) Magento
15 35 (0.17%) Front Arena
15 35 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
16 30 (0.15%) Elite 3E
17 29 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 4,799 (23.79%) Azure
2 2,821 (13.99%) AWS
3 1,897 (9.41%) Power Platform
4 828 (4.11%) SaaS
5 737 (3.65%) Office 365
6 656 (3.25%) GCP
7 474 (2.35%) PaaS
8 364 (1.80%) Serverless
9 363 (1.80%) Azure Data Factory
10 312 (1.55%) IaaS
11 300 (1.49%) GitHub
12 284 (1.41%) Dynamics 365
13 233 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
14 230 (1.14%) Amazon S3
15 218 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
16 211 (1.05%) Azure Active Directory
17 158 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
18 114 (0.57%) Amazon EMR
19 112 (0.56%) OpenShift
20 109 (0.54%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 411 (2.04%) Firewall
2 352 (1.75%) DNS
3 335 (1.66%) TCP/IP
4 303 (1.50%) Internet
5 229 (1.14%) WAN
6 224 (1.11%) SAN
7 217 (1.08%) LAN
8 215 (1.07%) DHCP
9 202 (1.00%) HTTP
10 149 (0.74%) VPN
11 133 (0.66%) SSL
12 85 (0.42%) Skype
13 81 (0.40%) VoIP
14 76 (0.38%) Wireless
15 71 (0.35%) VLAN
16 63 (0.31%) FTP
17 60 (0.30%) NAS
17 60 (0.30%) Network Security
18 55 (0.27%) Intranet
19 47 (0.23%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6,189 (30.69%) SQL Server
2 1,998 (9.91%) Data Warehouse
3 1,972 (9.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,862 (9.23%) Power BI
5 1,703 (8.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,636 (8.11%) NoSQL
7 1,441 (7.14%) Relational Database
8 1,260 (6.25%) MySQL
9 1,035 (5.13%) Big Data
10 982 (4.87%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 912 (4.52%) PostgreSQL
12 720 (3.57%) Azure SQL Database
13 676 (3.35%) Data Lake
14 640 (3.17%) Hadoop
15 580 (2.88%) MongoDB
16 522 (2.59%) RDBMS
17 474 (2.35%) Oracle Database
18 380 (1.88%) SQL Server 2012
19 356 (1.77%) Oracle Reports
20 345 (1.71%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,101 (10.42%) Git (software)
2 999 (4.95%) JIRA
3 936 (4.64%) Jenkins
4 797 (3.95%) Visual Studio
5 696 (3.45%) Selenium
6 666 (3.30%) Team Foundation Server
7 396 (1.96%) Maven
8 329 (1.63%) JUnit
9 296 (1.47%) Cucumber
10 286 (1.42%) Subversion
11 256 (1.27%) TeamCity
12 239 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
13 237 (1.18%) Bitbucket
14 228 (1.13%) SpecFlow
15 227 (1.13%) SoapUI
16 226 (1.12%) NUnit
17 205 (1.02%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 175 (0.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 172 (0.85%) Visual Studio Team System
20 152 (0.75%) WebDriver
General
1 4,404 (21.84%) Finance
2 938 (4.65%) Banking
3 866 (4.29%) Retail
4 821 (4.07%) Marketing
5 481 (2.38%) Front Office
6 419 (2.08%) Legal
7 418 (2.07%) Public Sector
8 402 (1.99%) Law
9 346 (1.72%) Back Office
10 306 (1.52%) Games
11 293 (1.45%) Manufacturing
12 244 (1.21%) Telecoms
13 198 (0.98%) Financial Institution
14 150 (0.74%) Investment Banking
15 148 (0.73%) Automotive
16 144 (0.71%) Advertising
17 100 (0.50%) Publishing
18 99 (0.49%) Aerospace
19 96 (0.48%) Electronics
20 82 (0.41%) Billing
Job Titles
1 8,545 (42.37%) Developer
2 3,390 (16.81%) Analyst
3 2,123 (10.53%) .NET Developer
4 1,957 (9.70%) C# Developer
5 1,495 (7.41%) Senior Developer
6 1,409 (6.99%) Software Developer
7 1,314 (6.51%) SQL Developer
8 1,083 (5.37%) Java Developer
9 1,074 (5.33%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,038 (5.15%) Software Engineer
11 846 (4.19%) Applications Support
12 834 (4.14%) Data Analyst
13 785 (3.89%) Support Analyst
14 782 (3.88%) Data Engineer
15 689 (3.42%) Junior
16 688 (3.41%) DBA
17 680 (3.37%) Architect
18 658 (3.26%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 643 (3.19%) Consultant
20 627 (3.11%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,731 (28.41%) .NET
2 2,941 (14.58%) HTML
3 2,635 (13.06%) CSS
4 2,599 (12.89%) ASP.NET
5 2,079 (10.31%) AngularJS
6 1,737 (8.61%) Web Services
7 1,421 (7.05%) .NET Framework
8 1,349 (6.69%) .NET Core
9 1,282 (6.36%) REST
10 1,249 (6.19%) XML
11 1,216 (6.03%) React
12 1,157 (5.74%) ASP.NET MVC
13 1,102 (5.46%) jQuery
14 1,020 (5.06%) RESTful
15 1,015 (5.03%) ASP.NET Web API
16 959 (4.75%) Spring
17 879 (4.36%) Node.js
18 789 (3.91%) HTML5
19 758 (3.76%) Entity Framework
20 722 (3.58%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 2,380 (11.80%) Analytical Skills
2 892 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
3 596 (2.96%) User Experience
4 592 (2.94%) Management Information System
5 565 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
6 449 (2.23%) Data Structures
7 429 (2.13%) Hedge funds
8 415 (2.06%) Algorithms
9 414 (2.05%) Fixed Income
10 398 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
11 394 (1.95%) Derivative
12 378 (1.87%) Mobile App
13 325 (1.61%) Equities
14 309 (1.53%) Data Centre
15 242 (1.20%) Public Cloud
16 232 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 198 (0.98%) Replication
18 183 (0.91%) Clustering
19 163 (0.81%) Reinsurance
20 146 (0.72%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 2,679 (13.28%) Windows
2 2,141 (10.62%) Linux
3 981 (4.86%) Windows Server
4 933 (4.63%) Unix
5 305 (1.51%) Windows Server 2012
6 278 (1.38%) Android
7 247 (1.22%) Apple iOS
8 220 (1.09%) Windows 10
9 199 (0.99%) Windows Server 2016
10 180 (0.89%) Windows Server 2008
11 156 (0.77%) Windows 7
12 150 (0.74%) CentOS
13 104 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 99 (0.49%) Mac OS X
15 84 (0.42%) Debian
16 62 (0.31%) Ubuntu
17 60 (0.30%) Solaris
18 51 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
19 42 (0.21%) AIX
20 41 (0.20%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,321 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
2 3,345 (16.58%) Business Intelligence
3 2,668 (13.23%) Analytics
4 2,561 (12.70%) MVC
5 2,476 (12.28%) DevOps
6 2,403 (11.91%) Problem-Solving
7 2,100 (10.41%) ETL
8 2,088 (10.35%) Software Engineering
9 1,887 (9.36%) Scrum
10 1,783 (8.84%) TDD
11 1,630 (8.08%) Test Automation
12 1,619 (8.03%) Computer Science
13 1,505 (7.46%) Microservices
14 1,326 (6.57%) Data Modelling
15 1,293 (6.41%) SDLC
16 1,200 (5.95%) Visualisation
17 1,189 (5.90%) Data Analysis
18 1,173 (5.82%) Mentoring
19 1,158 (5.74%) Continuous Integration
20 1,138 (5.64%) OO
Programming Languages
1 6,420 (31.83%) C#
2 4,748 (23.54%) JavaScript
3 3,764 (18.66%) Python
4 3,570 (17.70%) Java
5 2,485 (12.32%) T-SQL
6 1,132 (5.61%) PowerShell
7 949 (4.71%) PL/SQL
8 948 (4.70%) R
9 893 (4.43%) PHP
10 772 (3.83%) C++
11 573 (2.84%) TypeScript
12 513 (2.54%) VB.NET
13 496 (2.46%) Bash Shell
14 485 (2.40%) VBA
15 472 (2.34%) Scala
16 446 (2.21%) C
17 341 (1.69%) VB
18 330 (1.64%) Java 8
19 315 (1.56%) Shell Script
20 286 (1.42%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 2,713 (13.45%) Degree
2 910 (4.51%) Computer Science Degree
3 408 (2.02%) Security Cleared
4 346 (1.72%) Microsoft Certification
5 292 (1.45%) SC Cleared
6 169 (0.84%) ISTQB
7 140 (0.69%) ISEB
8 119 (0.59%) DV Cleared
8 119 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
9 115 (0.57%) MCSE
10 110 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
11 105 (0.52%) PhD
12 99 (0.49%) MCSA
13 92 (0.46%) Master's Degree
14 87 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
15 82 (0.41%) CCNA
16 62 (0.31%) MCP
17 60 (0.30%) CISSP
18 52 (0.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 46 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,050 (5.21%) QA
2 502 (2.49%) Data Quality
3 385 (1.91%) SLA
4 212 (1.05%) GDPR
5 95 (0.47%) GAAP
6 79 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 65 (0.32%) PCI DSS
8 49 (0.24%) PMO
9 47 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 31 (0.15%) DICOM
11 29 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
12 25 (0.12%) MiFID
13 24 (0.12%) Solvency II
14 15 (0.074%) EMIR
14 15 (0.074%) ISO 9001
15 13 (0.064%) COBIT
16 12 (0.059%) HL7
16 12 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 10 (0.050%) WCAG
18 8 (0.040%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 1,626 (8.06%) Docker
2 1,039 (5.15%) Active Directory
3 494 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 396 (1.96%) Hyper-V
5 115 (0.57%) XenApp
6 111 (0.55%) vSphere
7 96 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
8 92 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
9 77 (0.38%) VirtualBox
10 72 (0.36%) XenDesktop
11 50 (0.25%) HDFS
12 47 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
13 42 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
14 37 (0.18%) Firmware
15 34 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 24 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
17 23 (0.11%) Terminal Server
18 21 (0.10%) Terminal Services
19 17 (0.084%) Microsoft Virtual Server
20 15 (0.074%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,034 (5.13%) Kubernetes
2 431 (2.14%) Ansible
3 418 (2.07%) Terraform
4 331 (1.64%) Puppet
5 244 (1.21%) SCCM
6 186 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
7 105 (0.52%) SCOM
8 83 (0.41%) Grafana
9 82 (0.41%) Nagios
10 80 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
11 72 (0.36%) Packer
12 63 (0.31%) Kibana
13 57 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
14 55 (0.27%) Prometheus
15 54 (0.27%) WSUS
16 51 (0.25%) Control-M
17 44 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
18 40 (0.20%) Data Guard
19 37 (0.18%) Microsoft Clustering
20 36 (0.18%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 4,631 (22.96%) Microsoft
2 2,509 (12.44%) Oracle
3 1,343 (6.66%) Tableau
4 771 (3.82%) VMware
5 591 (2.93%) Google
6 406 (2.01%) SAP
7 351 (1.74%) IBM
8 313 (1.55%) Cisco
9 299 (1.48%) Citrix
10 267 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
11 254 (1.26%) Alteryx
12 253 (1.25%) Teradata
13 239 (1.18%) Informatica
14 232 (1.15%) Databricks
15 231 (1.15%) HP
16 208 (1.03%) Bloomberg
17 205 (1.02%) Blue Prism
18 200 (0.99%) Cadence
19 193 (0.96%) UiPath
20 185 (0.92%) Automation Anywhere