Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 23,503 31,377 33,739
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.56% 20.58% 20.64%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.63% 36.89% 37.30%
Number of salaries quoted 19,984 26,670 28,443
England median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £29,500 £29,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,861 85,047 90,462
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.60% 55.79% 55.35%
Number of salaries quoted 56,207 71,256 74,728
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 10,204 £60,000 - 1,358
South East -1 4,766 £45,000 - 831
North of England -1 3,291 £42,500 - 842
Midlands 0 2,275 £42,500 +6.25% 520
South West 0 1,695 £40,000 - 354
North West -1 1,689 £42,500 - 448
West Midlands 0 1,412 £44,000 +4.76% 327
Yorkshire -1 1,375 £42,500 - 311
East of England -1 1,220 £45,000 +2.27% 295
East Midlands -1 854 £40,000 - 190
North East +1 227 £41,443 -2.49% 83
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 7,756 (33.00%) C#
2 7,544 (32.10%) Agile Software Development
3 7,453 (31.71%) SQL Server
4 6,871 (29.23%) .NET
5 5,531 (23.53%) Microsoft
6 5,263 (22.39%) JavaScript
7 5,260 (22.38%) Finance
8 5,007 (21.30%) Azure
9 4,288 (18.24%) Java
10 4,086 (17.39%) Business Intelligence
11 3,949 (16.80%) Python
12 3,404 (14.48%) HTML
13 3,270 (13.91%) T-SQL
14 3,218 (13.69%) ASP.NET
15 3,187 (13.56%) Windows
16 3,172 (13.50%) AWS
17 3,064 (13.04%) Oracle
18 3,006 (12.79%) Degree
19 2,953 (12.56%) MVC
20 2,896 (12.32%) Problem-Solving
21 2,886 (12.28%) CSS
22 2,841 (12.09%) Analytics
23 2,709 (11.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 2,548 (10.84%) Data Warehouse
25 2,545 (10.83%) Linux
26 2,519 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
27 2,505 (10.66%) DevOps
28 2,472 (10.52%) ETL
29 2,467 (10.50%) Git (software)
30 2,427 (10.33%) Software Engineering

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 910 (3.87%) SharePoint
2 761 (3.24%) Apache Spark
3 722 (3.07%) IIS
4 383 (1.63%) Apache
5 373 (1.59%) Confluence
6 366 (1.56%) SAS
7 365 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
8 316 (1.34%) Tomcat
9 289 (1.23%) MS Exchange
10 234 (1.00%) CMS
11 178 (0.76%) Oracle Workflow
12 161 (0.69%) JBoss
13 149 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
14 132 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 129 (0.55%) WebSphere
16 109 (0.46%) Umbraco
17 102 (0.43%) Apache Solr
18 98 (0.42%) nginx
19 95 (0.40%) WordPress
20 91 (0.39%) WebLogic
Applications
1 1,361 (5.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 749 (3.19%) Microsoft Office
3 150 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 110 (0.47%) MS Visio
5 105 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
6 87 (0.37%) SPSS
7 42 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 28 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 20 (0.085%) Stata
10 16 (0.068%) S-PLUS
11 14 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
12 13 (0.055%) Chatbot
13 10 (0.043%) InfoPath
14 7 (0.030%) Sketch
15 5 (0.021%) SPSS Modeler
16 4 (0.017%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 4 (0.017%) FileZilla
16 4 (0.017%) GNU Octave
16 4 (0.017%) Zeplin
17 3 (0.013%) Gliffy
Business Applications
1 342 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 207 (0.88%) thinkFolio
3 182 (0.77%) Markit EDM
4 152 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
5 130 (0.55%) Front Arena
6 122 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
7 111 (0.47%) Payment Gateway
8 86 (0.37%) Dynamics NAV
8 86 (0.37%) Oracle Applications
9 84 (0.36%) NetSuite
10 81 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
11 73 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
12 64 (0.27%) SAP Business One
13 57 (0.24%) Magento
14 49 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 40 (0.17%) FastStats
15 40 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
16 39 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
17 38 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
18 37 (0.16%) LatentZero
Cloud Services
1 5,007 (21.30%) Azure
2 3,172 (13.50%) AWS
3 2,115 (9.00%) Power Platform
4 881 (3.75%) Office 365
5 814 (3.46%) SaaS
6 753 (3.20%) GCP
7 417 (1.77%) PaaS
8 355 (1.51%) Serverless
9 335 (1.43%) Cloud Computing
10 314 (1.34%) GitHub
11 304 (1.29%) Azure Data Factory
12 282 (1.20%) IaaS
13 266 (1.13%) Dynamics 365
14 265 (1.13%) Amazon S3
15 245 (1.04%) Amazon EC2
16 229 (0.97%) Azure Active Directory
17 132 (0.56%) Google Analytics
18 128 (0.54%) Azure Functions
19 127 (0.54%) Amazon ECS
20 120 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 528 (2.25%) Firewall
2 452 (1.92%) DNS
3 412 (1.75%) TCP/IP
4 310 (1.32%) Internet
5 300 (1.28%) DHCP
6 285 (1.21%) SAN
7 280 (1.19%) WAN
8 258 (1.10%) HTTP
9 235 (1.00%) LAN
10 174 (0.74%) VPN
11 148 (0.63%) VoIP
12 121 (0.51%) Skype
13 117 (0.50%) SSL
14 115 (0.49%) VLAN
15 103 (0.44%) Wireless
16 89 (0.38%) Network Security
17 80 (0.34%) FTP
18 78 (0.33%) NAS
19 74 (0.31%) NetScaler
20 73 (0.31%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7,453 (31.71%) SQL Server
2 2,709 (11.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,548 (10.84%) Data Warehouse
4 2,385 (10.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 2,069 (8.80%) Power BI
6 1,829 (7.78%) Relational Database
7 1,659 (7.06%) NoSQL
8 1,375 (5.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,357 (5.77%) Big Data
10 1,299 (5.53%) MySQL
11 1,079 (4.59%) PostgreSQL
12 812 (3.45%) Hadoop
13 735 (3.13%) MongoDB
14 689 (2.93%) Azure SQL Database
15 679 (2.89%) RDBMS
16 591 (2.51%) Oracle Database
17 562 (2.39%) SQL Server 2012
18 494 (2.10%) Data Lake
19 463 (1.97%) SQL Server 2016
20 462 (1.97%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 2,467 (10.50%) Git (software)
2 1,346 (5.73%) JIRA
3 1,174 (5.00%) Jenkins
4 1,049 (4.46%) Visual Studio
5 908 (3.86%) Selenium
6 842 (3.58%) Team Foundation Server
7 481 (2.05%) Subversion
8 406 (1.73%) Cucumber
9 398 (1.69%) Maven
10 385 (1.64%) TeamCity
11 308 (1.31%) JUnit
12 302 (1.28%) Visual Studio Team System
13 299 (1.27%) SpecFlow
14 282 (1.20%) Octopus Deploy
15 259 (1.10%) SoapUI
16 256 (1.09%) Bitbucket
17 246 (1.05%) NUnit
18 231 (0.98%) WebDriver
19 204 (0.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 202 (0.86%) Oracle Forms
General
1 5,260 (22.38%) Finance
2 1,234 (5.25%) Banking
3 1,198 (5.10%) Retail
4 1,184 (5.04%) Marketing
5 588 (2.50%) Front Office
6 487 (2.07%) Public Sector
7 475 (2.02%) Manufacturing
8 447 (1.90%) Telecoms
9 396 (1.68%) Games
10 319 (1.36%) Legal
11 267 (1.14%) Back Office
12 265 (1.13%) Law
13 225 (0.96%) Investment Banking
14 206 (0.88%) Advertising
15 196 (0.83%) Electronics
16 147 (0.63%) Financial Institution
17 135 (0.57%) Automotive
18 130 (0.55%) German Language
19 129 (0.55%) French Language
20 121 (0.51%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 10,324 (43.93%) Developer
2 3,805 (16.19%) Analyst
3 2,513 (10.69%) .NET Developer
4 2,431 (10.34%) C# Developer
5 1,822 (7.75%) SQL Developer
6 1,681 (7.15%) Senior Developer
7 1,634 (6.95%) Software Developer
8 1,377 (5.86%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,300 (5.53%) Java Developer
10 1,099 (4.68%) Applications Support
11 1,076 (4.58%) Software Engineer
12 1,049 (4.46%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 925 (3.94%) Support Analyst
14 897 (3.82%) Consultant
15 848 (3.61%) Junior
16 836 (3.56%) Data Analyst
17 793 (3.37%) Data Engineer
17 793 (3.37%) DBA
18 781 (3.32%) Architect
19 621 (2.64%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,871 (29.23%) .NET
2 3,404 (14.48%) HTML
3 3,218 (13.69%) ASP.NET
4 2,886 (12.28%) CSS
5 2,160 (9.19%) AngularJS
6 1,973 (8.39%) Web Services
7 1,576 (6.71%) XML
8 1,366 (5.81%) jQuery
9 1,351 (5.75%) .NET Framework
10 1,345 (5.72%) ASP.NET MVC
11 1,333 (5.67%) REST
12 1,193 (5.08%) ASP.NET Web API
13 1,186 (5.05%) React
14 1,123 (4.78%) .NET Core
15 1,079 (4.59%) RESTful
16 1,065 (4.53%) Spring
17 881 (3.75%) JSON
18 844 (3.59%) SOAP
19 834 (3.55%) HTML5
20 727 (3.09%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 2,519 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
2 908 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
3 763 (3.25%) Management Information System
4 701 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
5 572 (2.43%) User Experience
6 552 (2.35%) Algorithms
7 540 (2.30%) Hedge funds
8 507 (2.16%) Fixed Income
9 502 (2.14%) Mobile App
10 436 (1.86%) Equities
11 421 (1.79%) Data Structures
12 407 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
13 405 (1.72%) Derivative
14 400 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 323 (1.37%) Data Centre
16 293 (1.25%) Replication
17 288 (1.23%) Clustering
18 223 (0.95%) Public Cloud
19 195 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
20 152 (0.65%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 3,187 (13.56%) Windows
2 2,545 (10.83%) Linux
3 1,237 (5.26%) Unix
4 1,159 (4.93%) Windows Server
5 338 (1.44%) Windows Server 2012
6 319 (1.36%) Android
7 271 (1.15%) Windows Server 2008
8 257 (1.09%) Windows 10
9 252 (1.07%) Apple iOS
10 242 (1.03%) Windows 7
11 136 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 116 (0.49%) CentOS
13 81 (0.34%) Windows 8
14 72 (0.31%) Debian
15 71 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
16 70 (0.30%) Solaris
17 60 (0.26%) Ubuntu
18 57 (0.24%) Mac OS
19 45 (0.19%) AIX
20 39 (0.17%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,544 (32.10%) Agile Software Development
2 4,086 (17.39%) Business Intelligence
3 2,953 (12.56%) MVC
4 2,896 (12.32%) Problem-Solving
5 2,841 (12.09%) Analytics
6 2,505 (10.66%) DevOps
7 2,472 (10.52%) ETL
8 2,427 (10.33%) Software Engineering
9 2,272 (9.67%) Scrum
10 2,026 (8.62%) Test Automation
11 1,991 (8.47%) TDD
12 1,856 (7.90%) Computer Science
13 1,667 (7.09%) SDLC
14 1,532 (6.52%) Data Modelling
15 1,455 (6.19%) Microservices
16 1,360 (5.79%) Mentoring
17 1,351 (5.75%) Continuous Integration
18 1,347 (5.73%) Visualisation
19 1,283 (5.46%) Web Development
20 1,270 (5.40%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 7,756 (33.00%) C#
2 5,263 (22.39%) JavaScript
3 4,288 (18.24%) Java
4 3,949 (16.80%) Python
5 3,270 (13.91%) T-SQL
6 1,360 (5.79%) PowerShell
7 1,101 (4.68%) PL/SQL
8 935 (3.98%) R
9 856 (3.64%) PHP
10 824 (3.51%) C++
11 631 (2.68%) VBA
12 612 (2.60%) VB.NET
13 539 (2.29%) C
14 507 (2.16%) Scala
15 502 (2.14%) VB
16 467 (1.99%) Bash Shell
16 467 (1.99%) TypeScript
17 366 (1.56%) Shell Script
18 349 (1.48%) Perl
19 335 (1.43%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 3,006 (12.79%) Degree
2 836 (3.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 500 (2.13%) Security Cleared
4 490 (2.08%) Microsoft Certification
5 294 (1.25%) ISTQB
6 257 (1.09%) SC Cleared
7 215 (0.91%) MCSE
8 188 (0.80%) Cisco Certification
9 187 (0.80%) ISEB
10 168 (0.71%) Master's Degree
11 164 (0.70%) PhD
12 161 (0.69%) CCNA
13 134 (0.57%) DV Cleared
14 119 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
15 115 (0.49%) MCP
16 113 (0.48%) MCSA
17 106 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 87 (0.37%) HND
19 62 (0.26%) DBS Check
20 59 (0.25%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,606 (6.83%) QA
2 637 (2.71%) Data Quality
3 425 (1.81%) SLA
4 209 (0.89%) GDPR
5 96 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 51 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 47 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 37 (0.16%) PMO
9 29 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
10 27 (0.11%) MiFID
11 25 (0.11%) DICOM
12 24 (0.10%) Solvency II
13 23 (0.098%) IFRS
14 21 (0.089%) EMIR
15 18 (0.077%) Cyber Essentials
16 15 (0.064%) COBIT
17 14 (0.060%) HL7
18 10 (0.043%) WCAG
19 9 (0.038%) Dodd-Frank
19 9 (0.038%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,475 (6.28%) Docker
2 1,280 (5.45%) Active Directory
3 604 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 550 (2.34%) Hyper-V
5 171 (0.73%) XenApp
6 151 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
7 119 (0.51%) vSphere
8 113 (0.48%) HDFS
9 97 (0.41%) XenDesktop
10 85 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
11 76 (0.32%) VirtualBox
12 70 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
13 56 (0.24%) Firmware
14 54 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
15 47 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
16 46 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 32 (0.14%) Terminal Services
18 27 (0.11%) Apache Flume
18 27 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
19 26 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 873 (3.71%) Kubernetes
2 478 (2.03%) Ansible
3 438 (1.86%) Terraform
4 338 (1.44%) SCCM
5 312 (1.33%) Puppet
6 228 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
7 145 (0.62%) SCOM
8 105 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
9 82 (0.35%) Nagios
10 81 (0.34%) Prometheus
11 77 (0.33%) Kibana
12 74 (0.31%) WSUS
13 63 (0.27%) Backup Exec
14 62 (0.26%) SQL Sentry
15 60 (0.26%) Microsoft Intune
16 59 (0.25%) Grafana
17 56 (0.24%) Data Guard
18 52 (0.22%) Oozie
18 52 (0.22%) Packer
18 52 (0.22%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 5,531 (23.53%) Microsoft
2 3,064 (13.04%) Oracle
3 1,323 (5.63%) Tableau
4 975 (4.15%) VMware
5 787 (3.35%) Google
6 662 (2.82%) SAP
7 513 (2.18%) IBM
8 406 (1.73%) Citrix
9 396 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
10 340 (1.45%) Informatica
11 328 (1.40%) Cisco
12 207 (0.88%) Databricks
13 198 (0.84%) Cognos
14 194 (0.83%) Charles River
15 190 (0.81%) HP
16 184 (0.78%) Talend
17 182 (0.77%) SimCorp
18 180 (0.77%) Splunk
19 175 (0.74%) Cloudera
20 171 (0.73%) Sybase