Period
to 18 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 8,542 24,528 32,544
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 18.36% 18.75% 20.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.22% 35.00% 37.18%
Number of salaries quoted 8,126 21,723 28,687
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,364 70,075 87,537
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 58.82% 53.57% 55.93%
Number of salaries quoted 23,090 57,728 73,251
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £34,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 18 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 3,705 £67,500 +12.50% 625
South East -3 1,523 £50,000 +11.11% 265
North of England 0 1,439 £47,500 +11.76% 375
Midlands -1 864 £45,000 +5.88% 252
North West 0 836 £50,000 +17.65% 233
South West 0 556 £45,000 +6.19% 146
West Midlands -1 545 £45,000 +5.88% 147
Yorkshire -1 507 £45,000 +5.88% 112
East of England -1 401 £47,250 +5.00% 117
East Midlands +1 318 £45,000 +12.50% 105
North East -6 95 £45,000 +6.70% 30
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,843 (33.28%) Agile Software Development
2 2,625 (30.73%) SQL Server
3 2,589 (30.31%) Azure
4 2,585 (30.26%) C#
5 2,469 (28.90%) .NET
6 2,202 (25.78%) JavaScript
7 2,085 (24.41%) Microsoft
8 2,038 (23.86%) Finance
9 1,938 (22.69%) Python
10 1,600 (18.73%) AWS
11 1,575 (18.44%) Java
12 1,473 (17.24%) DevOps
13 1,405 (16.45%) HTML
14 1,384 (16.20%) Business Intelligence
15 1,264 (14.80%) CSS
16 1,172 (13.72%) Degree
17 1,094 (12.81%) Analytics
18 1,092 (12.78%) Git (software)
19 1,075 (12.58%) Windows
20 1,063 (12.44%) T-SQL
21 1,057 (12.37%) Software Engineering
22 1,020 (11.94%) AngularJS
23 1,001 (11.72%) ASP.NET
24 977 (11.44%) Oracle
25 955 (11.18%) MVC
26 930 (10.89%) Power Platform
27 906 (10.61%) Data Warehouse
28 899 (10.52%) Linux
29 895 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
30 883 (10.34%) Power BI

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 307 (3.59%) SharePoint
2 274 (3.21%) IIS
3 263 (3.08%) Apache
4 255 (2.99%) Apache Spark
5 208 (2.44%) Elasticsearch
6 200 (2.34%) Confluence
7 115 (1.35%) SAS
8 82 (0.96%) Tomcat
9 68 (0.80%) CMS
10 58 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
10 58 (0.68%) MS Exchange
11 45 (0.53%) nginx
12 43 (0.50%) WebSphere
13 37 (0.43%) WebLogic
14 34 (0.40%) NServiceBus
15 31 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2013
15 31 (0.36%) Skype for Business
16 28 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2010
17 27 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 20 (0.23%) JBoss
Applications
1 440 (5.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 206 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 37 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 35 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 10 (0.12%) SPSS
8 4 (0.047%) Camtasia
8 4 (0.047%) MadCap Flare
8 4 (0.047%) Stata
9 2 (0.023%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.023%) EViews
9 2 (0.023%) FileZilla
9 2 (0.023%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.023%) Quantrix
9 2 (0.023%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.012%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.012%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.012%) Weka
Business Applications
1 152 (1.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 117 (1.37%) Markit EDM
3 100 (1.17%) Eagle PACE
4 75 (0.88%) PolarLake
5 36 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
6 21 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
7 19 (0.22%) NetSuite
7 19 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
8 18 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
9 16 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
9 16 (0.19%) Magento
9 16 (0.19%) SAP Business One
10 15 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
11 14 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
11 14 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
12 13 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
13 12 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
13 12 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
14 11 (0.13%) Elite 3E
14 11 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 2,589 (30.31%) Azure
2 1,600 (18.73%) AWS
3 930 (10.89%) Power Platform
4 473 (5.54%) GCP
5 367 (4.30%) Office 365
6 352 (4.12%) Serverless
7 337 (3.95%) SaaS
8 231 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
8 231 (2.70%) PaaS
9 201 (2.35%) Azure Data Factory
10 171 (2.00%) IaaS
11 169 (1.98%) Amazon S3
12 151 (1.77%) GitHub
13 147 (1.72%) Dynamics 365
14 143 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
15 116 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
16 96 (1.12%) Azure Active Directory
17 85 (1.00%) Amazon ECS
18 73 (0.85%) Apigee
18 73 (0.85%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 155 (1.81%) Firewall
2 129 (1.51%) DNS
3 117 (1.37%) Skype
4 116 (1.36%) TCP/IP
5 103 (1.21%) HTTP
6 77 (0.90%) WAN
7 72 (0.84%) SAN
8 71 (0.83%) Internet
9 69 (0.81%) VPN
10 67 (0.78%) LAN
11 62 (0.73%) DHCP
12 42 (0.49%) Network Security
13 32 (0.37%) VoIP
14 31 (0.36%) FTP
15 27 (0.32%) SSL
16 22 (0.26%) Remote Desktop
17 19 (0.22%) Wireless
18 16 (0.19%) NAS
19 15 (0.18%) FIX Connectivity
19 15 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,625 (30.73%) SQL Server
2 906 (10.61%) Data Warehouse
3 883 (10.34%) Power BI
4 848 (9.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 843 (9.87%) NoSQL
6 727 (8.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 537 (6.29%) MySQL
8 531 (6.22%) PostgreSQL
9 512 (5.99%) Big Data
10 489 (5.72%) Relational Database
11 378 (4.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 365 (4.27%) Azure SQL Database
13 349 (4.09%) MongoDB
14 307 (3.59%) Data Lake
15 269 (3.15%) Hadoop
16 218 (2.55%) Amazon Redshift
16 218 (2.55%) Oracle Database
17 174 (2.04%) SQL Server 2012
18 170 (1.99%) Snowflake Schema
19 162 (1.90%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,092 (12.78%) Git (software)
2 538 (6.30%) JIRA
3 462 (5.41%) Jenkins
4 289 (3.38%) Team Foundation Server
5 287 (3.36%) Selenium
6 269 (3.15%) Visual Studio
7 158 (1.85%) Maven
8 155 (1.81%) Subversion
9 154 (1.80%) GitLab
10 149 (1.74%) SpecFlow
11 141 (1.65%) TeamCity
12 140 (1.64%) JUnit
13 117 (1.37%) Artifactory
14 116 (1.36%) Bitbucket
15 102 (1.19%) Octopus Deploy
16 95 (1.11%) NUnit
17 91 (1.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 91 (1.07%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 87 (1.02%) SoapUI
19 74 (0.87%) Cucumber
General
1 2,038 (23.86%) Finance
2 500 (5.85%) Banking
3 377 (4.41%) Front Office
4 272 (3.18%) Back Office
5 268 (3.14%) Marketing
6 250 (2.93%) Retail
7 216 (2.53%) Public Sector
8 178 (2.08%) Law
9 134 (1.57%) Manufacturing
10 130 (1.52%) Games
11 119 (1.39%) Investment Banking
12 112 (1.31%) Legal
13 94 (1.10%) Telecoms
14 86 (1.01%) Advertising
15 83 (0.97%) Financial Institution
16 51 (0.60%) Electronics
17 47 (0.55%) Local Government
18 26 (0.30%) Publishing
19 25 (0.29%) Private Banking
20 24 (0.28%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 3,587 (41.99%) Developer
2 1,296 (15.17%) Analyst
3 804 (9.41%) .NET Developer
4 735 (8.60%) Senior Developer
5 645 (7.55%) C# Developer
6 586 (6.86%) Software Engineer
7 531 (6.22%) Software Developer
8 527 (6.17%) SQL Developer
9 474 (5.55%) Data Engineer
10 391 (4.58%) Java Developer
11 351 (4.11%) C# .NET Developer
12 338 (3.96%) Architect
13 318 (3.72%) Applications Support
14 306 (3.58%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 296 (3.47%) Data Analyst
16 294 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
17 254 (2.97%) Support Analyst
18 242 (2.83%) Business Analyst
19 239 (2.80%) DBA
20 228 (2.67%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,469 (28.90%) .NET
2 1,405 (16.45%) HTML
3 1,264 (14.80%) CSS
4 1,020 (11.94%) AngularJS
5 1,001 (11.72%) ASP.NET
6 862 (10.09%) Web Services
7 801 (9.38%) .NET Core
8 696 (8.15%) React
9 659 (7.71%) .NET Framework
10 643 (7.53%) REST
11 536 (6.27%) ASP.NET Web API
12 472 (5.53%) jQuery
13 441 (5.16%) XML
14 424 (4.96%) ASP.NET MVC
15 415 (4.86%) Node.js
16 408 (4.78%) Spring
17 403 (4.72%) RESTful
18 377 (4.41%) HTML5
19 347 (4.06%) Entity Framework
20 315 (3.69%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 873 (10.22%) Analytical Skills
2 417 (4.88%) Hedge funds
3 380 (4.45%) Greenfield Project
4 323 (3.78%) Fixed Income
5 276 (3.23%) Management Information System
6 262 (3.07%) Algorithms
7 251 (2.94%) Derivative
8 249 (2.92%) Data Structures
8 249 (2.92%) Equities
9 201 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
10 197 (2.31%) Mobile App
11 183 (2.14%) User Experience
12 154 (1.80%) Data Centre
13 138 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 127 (1.49%) Public Cloud
15 113 (1.32%) Reference Data
16 109 (1.28%) Replication
17 105 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
18 103 (1.21%) Clustering
19 73 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,075 (12.58%) Windows
2 899 (10.52%) Linux
3 433 (5.07%) Windows Server
4 319 (3.73%) Unix
5 111 (1.30%) Android
6 110 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
7 108 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
8 86 (1.01%) Apple iOS
9 85 (1.00%) Windows 10
10 80 (0.94%) CentOS
11 76 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 53 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
13 45 (0.53%) Windows Server 2019
14 36 (0.42%) Ubuntu
15 34 (0.40%) Windows 7
16 33 (0.39%) Debian
17 25 (0.29%) Solaris
18 15 (0.18%) AIX
18 15 (0.18%) HPUX
18 15 (0.18%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,843 (33.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,473 (17.24%) DevOps
3 1,384 (16.20%) Business Intelligence
4 1,094 (12.81%) Analytics
5 1,057 (12.37%) Software Engineering
6 955 (11.18%) MVC
7 895 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
8 867 (10.15%) Scrum
9 842 (9.86%) Microservices
10 809 (9.47%) ETL
11 795 (9.31%) TDD
12 688 (8.05%) Computer Science
13 686 (8.03%) Test Automation
14 623 (7.29%) Mentoring
15 607 (7.11%) Data Modelling
16 589 (6.90%) Continuous Integration
17 543 (6.36%) Asset Management
18 515 (6.03%) OO
19 505 (5.91%) SDLC
20 497 (5.82%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,585 (30.26%) C#
2 2,202 (25.78%) JavaScript
3 1,938 (22.69%) Python
4 1,575 (18.44%) Java
5 1,063 (12.44%) T-SQL
6 528 (6.18%) PowerShell
7 398 (4.66%) TypeScript
8 385 (4.51%) R
9 361 (4.23%) PL/SQL
10 314 (3.68%) C++
11 291 (3.41%) PHP
12 189 (2.21%) VB.NET
13 182 (2.13%) Bash Shell
14 180 (2.11%) Scala
15 165 (1.93%) VBA
16 155 (1.81%) Shell Script
17 144 (1.69%) C
18 135 (1.58%) Kotlin
19 128 (1.50%) Java 8
20 119 (1.39%) Go
Qualifications
1 1,172 (13.72%) Degree
2 330 (3.86%) Computer Science Degree
3 250 (2.93%) Security Cleared
4 195 (2.28%) SC Cleared
5 167 (1.96%) Microsoft Certification
6 79 (0.92%) MCSA
7 76 (0.89%) PhD
8 75 (0.88%) MCSE
9 67 (0.78%) DV Cleared
10 66 (0.77%) Numerate Degree
11 48 (0.56%) Sun Certification
12 43 (0.50%) ISTQB
13 41 (0.48%) CISSP
13 41 (0.48%) ISEB
14 39 (0.46%) AWS Certification
14 39 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
14 39 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
14 39 (0.46%) Master's Degree
15 38 (0.44%) CCNA
16 36 (0.42%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 416 (4.87%) QA
2 182 (2.13%) Data Quality
3 158 (1.85%) SLA
4 95 (1.11%) GDPR
5 39 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 38 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 26 (0.30%) PMO
8 22 (0.26%) NIST
9 20 (0.23%) PCI DSS
10 10 (0.12%) MiFID
11 9 (0.11%) GxP
12 6 (0.070%) COBIT
12 6 (0.070%) IFRS
12 6 (0.070%) ISO 20022
13 5 (0.059%) EMIR
13 5 (0.059%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.047%) Basel III
14 4 (0.047%) FINRA
14 4 (0.047%) GPG13
15 3 (0.035%) UCITS
System Software
1 845 (9.89%) Docker
2 482 (5.64%) Active Directory
3 212 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 157 (1.84%) Hyper-V
5 66 (0.77%) vSphere
6 56 (0.66%) HDFS
7 37 (0.43%) XenApp
8 36 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
9 26 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
9 26 (0.30%) VirtualBox
10 22 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
11 21 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
11 21 (0.25%) XenDesktop
12 17 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
13 12 (0.14%) Terminal Services
14 10 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 10 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 8 (0.094%) Apache Flume
15 8 (0.094%) KVM
15 8 (0.094%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 633 (7.41%) Kubernetes
2 277 (3.24%) Terraform
3 218 (2.55%) Ansible
4 156 (1.83%) Puppet
5 94 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
6 87 (1.02%) SCCM
7 69 (0.81%) Grafana
8 55 (0.64%) Microsoft Intune
9 48 (0.56%) Prometheus
10 43 (0.50%) WSUS
11 42 (0.49%) Kibana
12 34 (0.40%) SCOM
13 29 (0.34%) Control-M
13 29 (0.34%) Graphite
14 25 (0.29%) logstash
14 25 (0.29%) Nessus
14 25 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
15 21 (0.25%) Failover Clustering
15 21 (0.25%) Nagios
16 19 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 2,085 (24.41%) Microsoft
2 977 (11.44%) Oracle
3 409 (4.79%) Tableau
4 354 (4.14%) VMware
5 338 (3.96%) Google
6 186 (2.18%) Bloomberg
7 176 (2.06%) SAP
8 158 (1.85%) Databricks
9 154 (1.80%) IBM
10 131 (1.53%) Cisco
11 117 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
12 107 (1.25%) Splunk
13 99 (1.16%) Citrix
14 86 (1.01%) Informatica
15 85 (1.00%) Atlassian
16 81 (0.95%) Talend
17 75 (0.88%) ServiceNow
18 73 (0.85%) Xamarin
19 67 (0.78%) Red Hat
20 62 (0.73%) Cloudera