Period
to 24 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 21,461 28,044 33,574
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.46% 19.88% 20.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.09% 36.21% 36.94%
Number of salaries quoted 18,217 23,907 28,762
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,875 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.30% +8.61% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 62,950 77,458 90,883
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.15% 54.91% 55.72%
Number of salaries quoted 52,396 64,651 76,496
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £51,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.94% +3.00% +5.26%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 9,248 £60,000 - 1,391
South East -2 4,385 £45,000 - 842
North of England 0 3,068 £42,500 - 895
Midlands 0 2,063 £42,500 +2.41% 507
North West +1 1,705 £44,000 -2.22% 520
South West +1 1,514 £40,000 - 343
West Midlands 0 1,316 £45,000 +5.88% 293
Yorkshire 0 1,177 £42,500 - 303
East of England 0 1,126 £47,500 +6.98% 301
East Midlands -3 743 £40,000 - 212
North East 0 187 £40,000 -15.79% 72
South Coast +2 2 £67,500 -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 7,016 (32.69%) C#
2 6,729 (31.35%) Agile Software Development
3 6,556 (30.55%) SQL Server
4 6,103 (28.44%) .NET
5 5,050 (23.53%) JavaScript
6 4,934 (22.99%) Microsoft
7 4,812 (22.42%) Azure
8 4,782 (22.28%) Finance
9 3,898 (18.16%) Java
10 3,854 (17.96%) Python
11 3,521 (16.41%) Business Intelligence
12 3,194 (14.88%) HTML
13 3,098 (14.44%) AWS
14 2,827 (13.17%) ASP.NET
15 2,810 (13.09%) Windows
16 2,786 (12.98%) MVC
17 2,758 (12.85%) CSS
18 2,752 (12.82%) T-SQL
19 2,700 (12.58%) Degree
20 2,671 (12.45%) Analytics
21 2,638 (12.29%) Oracle
22 2,634 (12.27%) Problem-Solving
23 2,353 (10.96%) DevOps
24 2,318 (10.80%) Git (software)
25 2,306 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
26 2,291 (10.68%) Software Engineering
27 2,287 (10.66%) Linux
28 2,192 (10.21%) ETL
29 2,163 (10.08%) Data Warehouse
30 2,141 (9.98%) SQL Server Integration Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 659 (3.07%) Apache Spark
2 649 (3.02%) SharePoint
3 630 (2.94%) IIS
4 386 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
5 370 (1.72%) SAS
6 349 (1.63%) Apache
7 306 (1.43%) Confluence
8 268 (1.25%) Tomcat
9 226 (1.05%) CMS
10 223 (1.04%) MS Exchange
11 126 (0.59%) JBoss
12 123 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
13 110 (0.51%) WebSphere
14 100 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
15 94 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
16 84 (0.39%) WordPress
17 83 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 83 (0.39%) Umbraco
18 80 (0.37%) WebLogic
19 76 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 1,199 (5.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 703 (3.28%) Microsoft Office
3 172 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 141 (0.66%) MS Visio
5 79 (0.37%) SPSS
6 69 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 46 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
8 29 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 16 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
10 14 (0.065%) Chatbot
11 9 (0.042%) Camtasia
12 6 (0.028%) Adobe Premiere
13 5 (0.023%) Sketch
13 5 (0.023%) Stata
14 4 (0.019%) Acrobat
14 4 (0.019%) Adobe Captivate
14 4 (0.019%) Adobe XD
14 4 (0.019%) Gliffy
14 4 (0.019%) SPSS Modeler
15 3 (0.014%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 353 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 163 (0.76%) Markit EDM
3 150 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
4 130 (0.61%) thinkFolio
5 102 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
6 100 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
7 89 (0.41%) PolarLake
8 79 (0.37%) Oracle Applications
9 78 (0.36%) Eagle PACE
10 73 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
11 68 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
12 67 (0.31%) Front Arena
13 66 (0.31%) NetSuite
14 60 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
15 56 (0.26%) Magento
16 43 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
17 40 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
18 39 (0.18%) Cognos Business Intelligence
19 38 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
19 38 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 4,812 (22.42%) Azure
2 3,098 (14.44%) AWS
3 1,852 (8.63%) Power Platform
4 788 (3.67%) SaaS
5 727 (3.39%) Office 365
6 714 (3.33%) GCP
7 415 (1.93%) PaaS
8 355 (1.65%) Serverless
9 349 (1.63%) GitHub
10 292 (1.36%) IaaS
11 290 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
12 280 (1.30%) Azure Data Factory
12 280 (1.30%) Dynamics 365
13 252 (1.17%) Amazon S3
14 239 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
15 228 (1.06%) Azure Active Directory
16 127 (0.59%) Azure Functions
17 125 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
18 119 (0.55%) Google Analytics
19 111 (0.52%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 449 (2.09%) Firewall
2 426 (1.98%) DNS
3 365 (1.70%) TCP/IP
4 304 (1.42%) Internet
5 267 (1.24%) DHCP
6 248 (1.16%) SAN
7 237 (1.10%) WAN
8 230 (1.07%) HTTP
9 210 (0.98%) LAN
10 138 (0.64%) VPN
11 133 (0.62%) SSL
12 102 (0.48%) VoIP
13 99 (0.46%) Wireless
14 93 (0.43%) Skype
15 77 (0.36%) VLAN
16 73 (0.34%) NAS
17 51 (0.24%) FTP
17 51 (0.24%) Network Security
18 47 (0.22%) Intranet
19 46 (0.21%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6,556 (30.55%) SQL Server
2 2,163 (10.08%) Data Warehouse
3 2,141 (9.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,877 (8.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,819 (8.48%) Power BI
6 1,634 (7.61%) NoSQL
7 1,574 (7.33%) Relational Database
8 1,328 (6.19%) MySQL
9 1,208 (5.63%) Big Data
10 1,051 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
11 1,021 (4.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 686 (3.20%) Hadoop
13 660 (3.08%) Azure SQL Database
14 615 (2.87%) MongoDB
15 564 (2.63%) RDBMS
16 548 (2.55%) Oracle Database
17 440 (2.05%) Data Lake
18 398 (1.85%) SQL Server 2008
19 395 (1.84%) SQL Server 2012
20 388 (1.81%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,318 (10.80%) Git (software)
2 1,148 (5.35%) JIRA
3 1,106 (5.15%) Jenkins
4 877 (4.09%) Visual Studio
5 760 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
6 756 (3.52%) Selenium
7 400 (1.86%) Maven
8 379 (1.77%) Subversion
9 339 (1.58%) JUnit
10 331 (1.54%) Cucumber
11 303 (1.41%) TeamCity
12 262 (1.22%) Bitbucket
12 262 (1.22%) Octopus Deploy
13 256 (1.19%) SoapUI
14 234 (1.09%) Visual Studio Team System
15 223 (1.04%) NUnit
16 210 (0.98%) SpecFlow
17 199 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 193 (0.90%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
19 192 (0.89%) Postman
General
1 4,782 (22.28%) Finance
2 1,052 (4.90%) Banking
3 1,035 (4.82%) Marketing
4 956 (4.45%) Retail
5 610 (2.84%) Front Office
6 455 (2.12%) Public Sector
7 357 (1.66%) Manufacturing
8 337 (1.57%) Back Office
9 324 (1.51%) Games
10 309 (1.44%) Legal
10 309 (1.44%) Telecoms
11 269 (1.25%) Law
12 176 (0.82%) Automotive
13 172 (0.80%) Investment Banking
14 159 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 154 (0.72%) Advertising
16 145 (0.68%) Electronics
17 127 (0.59%) Publishing
18 102 (0.48%) Aerospace
19 100 (0.47%) Billing
Job Titles
1 9,304 (43.35%) Developer
2 3,428 (15.97%) Analyst
3 2,247 (10.47%) .NET Developer
4 2,226 (10.37%) C# Developer
5 1,632 (7.60%) Senior Developer
6 1,500 (6.99%) SQL Developer
7 1,451 (6.76%) Software Developer
8 1,191 (5.55%) Java Developer
9 1,182 (5.51%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,125 (5.24%) Software Engineer
11 920 (4.29%) Applications Support
12 809 (3.77%) Support Analyst
13 765 (3.56%) Data Engineer
14 761 (3.55%) Data Analyst
15 748 (3.49%) Junior
16 745 (3.47%) DBA
17 740 (3.45%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 730 (3.40%) Consultant
19 727 (3.39%) Architect
20 613 (2.86%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,103 (28.44%) .NET
2 3,194 (14.88%) HTML
3 2,827 (13.17%) ASP.NET
4 2,758 (12.85%) CSS
5 2,103 (9.80%) AngularJS
6 1,957 (9.12%) Web Services
7 1,403 (6.54%) XML
8 1,389 (6.47%) REST
9 1,360 (6.34%) .NET Framework
10 1,310 (6.10%) ASP.NET MVC
11 1,210 (5.64%) React
12 1,193 (5.56%) .NET Core
13 1,185 (5.52%) jQuery
14 1,100 (5.13%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,073 (5.00%) RESTful
16 983 (4.58%) Spring
17 840 (3.91%) Node.js
18 808 (3.76%) SOAP
19 788 (3.67%) HTML5
20 748 (3.49%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,306 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
2 911 (4.24%) Greenfield Project
3 630 (2.94%) Management Information System
4 614 (2.86%) User Experience
5 599 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
6 569 (2.65%) Hedge funds
7 534 (2.49%) Fixed Income
8 465 (2.17%) Derivative
9 459 (2.14%) Equities
10 453 (2.11%) Algorithms
11 419 (1.95%) Mobile App
12 392 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
13 381 (1.78%) Data Structures
14 328 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 323 (1.51%) Data Centre
16 236 (1.10%) Replication
17 231 (1.08%) Public Cloud
18 223 (1.04%) Clustering
19 200 (0.93%) Reference Data
20 163 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,810 (13.09%) Windows
2 2,287 (10.66%) Linux
3 1,101 (5.13%) Unix
4 1,018 (4.74%) Windows Server
5 307 (1.43%) Windows Server 2012
6 304 (1.42%) Android
7 248 (1.16%) Apple iOS
8 221 (1.03%) Windows 10
9 216 (1.01%) Windows Server 2008
10 193 (0.90%) Windows 7
11 139 (0.65%) CentOS
12 105 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 85 (0.40%) Mac OS X
14 72 (0.34%) Debian
15 67 (0.31%) Solaris
16 57 (0.27%) Windows 8
17 51 (0.24%) Ubuntu
18 48 (0.22%) VMS
19 38 (0.18%) AIX
20 37 (0.17%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,729 (31.35%) Agile Software Development
2 3,521 (16.41%) Business Intelligence
3 2,786 (12.98%) MVC
4 2,671 (12.45%) Analytics
5 2,634 (12.27%) Problem-Solving
6 2,353 (10.96%) DevOps
7 2,291 (10.68%) Software Engineering
8 2,192 (10.21%) ETL
9 2,055 (9.58%) Scrum
10 1,889 (8.80%) TDD
11 1,794 (8.36%) Test Automation
12 1,672 (7.79%) Computer Science
13 1,567 (7.30%) Microservices
14 1,540 (7.18%) SDLC
15 1,383 (6.44%) Data Modelling
16 1,368 (6.37%) Mentoring
17 1,210 (5.64%) Continuous Integration
18 1,190 (5.54%) Data Science
19 1,188 (5.54%) Web Development
20 1,169 (5.45%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 7,016 (32.69%) C#
2 5,050 (23.53%) JavaScript
3 3,898 (18.16%) Java
4 3,854 (17.96%) Python
5 2,752 (12.82%) T-SQL
6 1,209 (5.63%) PowerShell
7 1,031 (4.80%) PL/SQL
8 977 (4.55%) R
9 893 (4.16%) PHP
10 827 (3.85%) C++
11 554 (2.58%) VB.NET
12 547 (2.55%) VBA
13 527 (2.46%) TypeScript
14 495 (2.31%) Scala
15 476 (2.22%) C
16 445 (2.07%) Bash Shell
17 372 (1.73%) VB
18 341 (1.59%) Shell Script
19 323 (1.51%) Ruby
20 319 (1.49%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,700 (12.58%) Degree
2 830 (3.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 424 (1.98%) Microsoft Certification
4 394 (1.84%) Security Cleared
5 256 (1.19%) SC Cleared
6 206 (0.96%) ISTQB
7 152 (0.71%) MCSE
8 149 (0.69%) ISEB
9 130 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
10 129 (0.60%) PhD
11 122 (0.57%) Master's Degree
12 116 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
13 115 (0.54%) DV Cleared
14 111 (0.52%) CCNA
15 107 (0.50%) MCSA
16 87 (0.41%) MCP
17 65 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 52 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 49 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
20 46 (0.21%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,273 (5.93%) QA
2 629 (2.93%) Data Quality
3 374 (1.74%) SLA
4 206 (0.96%) GDPR
5 90 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 54 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 34 (0.16%) DICOM
8 31 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
8 31 (0.14%) PMO
9 30 (0.14%) MiFID
10 28 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 26 (0.12%) Solvency II
12 24 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 22 (0.10%) EMIR
14 18 (0.084%) IFRS
15 17 (0.079%) HL7
16 14 (0.065%) COBIT
17 13 (0.061%) ISO 9001
18 11 (0.051%) WCAG
19 9 (0.042%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,630 (7.60%) Docker
2 1,125 (5.24%) Active Directory
3 537 (2.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 430 (2.00%) Hyper-V
5 128 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
6 123 (0.57%) XenApp
7 109 (0.51%) vSphere
8 93 (0.43%) HDFS
9 89 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
10 87 (0.41%) VirtualBox
11 66 (0.31%) Firmware
12 61 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
13 60 (0.28%) XenDesktop
14 56 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
15 37 (0.17%) Terminal Services
16 36 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
17 19 (0.089%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 15 (0.070%) Microsoft Virtual Server
19 14 (0.065%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
20 12 (0.056%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 1,019 (4.75%) Kubernetes
2 470 (2.19%) Terraform
3 465 (2.17%) Ansible
4 340 (1.58%) Puppet
5 281 (1.31%) SCCM
6 186 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
7 125 (0.58%) SCOM
8 111 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
9 83 (0.39%) Grafana
10 78 (0.36%) Nagios
11 77 (0.36%) Packer
12 68 (0.32%) Prometheus
13 65 (0.30%) WSUS
14 61 (0.28%) Kibana
15 57 (0.27%) Data Guard
16 54 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
17 43 (0.20%) Control-M
17 43 (0.20%) Microsoft Clustering
18 39 (0.18%) Graphite
19 38 (0.18%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 4,934 (22.99%) Microsoft
2 2,638 (12.29%) Oracle
3 1,193 (5.56%) Tableau
4 834 (3.89%) VMware
5 684 (3.19%) Google
6 498 (2.32%) SAP
7 411 (1.92%) IBM
8 312 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
9 305 (1.42%) Citrix
10 286 (1.33%) Informatica
11 283 (1.32%) Cisco
12 239 (1.11%) Bloomberg
13 200 (0.93%) HP
14 183 (0.85%) WorldPay
15 167 (0.78%) Cognos
16 164 (0.76%) Databricks
17 156 (0.73%) Talend
18 151 (0.70%) Sybase
19 145 (0.68%) Cloudera
20 144 (0.67%) Atlassian