Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 20,035 8,522 23,272
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 17.98% 18.75% 18.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.11% 31.59% 34.53%
Number of salaries quoted 14,907 7,463 19,872
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £29,506
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £36,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 60,502 26,979 67,397
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.28% 59.36% 53.61%
Number of salaries quoted 40,613 23,313 56,406
10th Percentile £36,233 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +4.65%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 9,495 £65,000 -3.70% 1,383
South East +2 3,217 £50,000 - 480
North of England -2 3,045 £47,500 - 613
Midlands -3 1,906 £45,000 - 521
North West -3 1,408 £50,000 - 371
Yorkshire 0 1,392 £45,000 -5.26% 172
West Midlands -1 1,296 £45,000 - 322
South West -1 1,153 £45,000 - 210
East of England +1 903 £52,500 +10.53% 205
East Midlands -3 606 £42,500 -5.56% 194
North East +2 246 £45,000 -5.26% 70
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 6,845 (34.17%) Agile Software Development
2 6,223 (31.06%) Azure
3 5,629 (28.10%) C#
4 5,055 (25.23%) .NET
5 5,040 (25.16%) Python
6 4,633 (23.12%) JavaScript
7 4,556 (22.74%) SQL Server
8 4,523 (22.58%) Social Skills
9 4,468 (22.30%) Finance
10 4,294 (21.43%) AWS
11 4,222 (21.07%) Microsoft
12 3,863 (19.28%) Business Intelligence
13 3,737 (18.65%) Analytics
14 3,614 (18.04%) Java
15 3,403 (16.99%) DevOps
16 3,189 (15.92%) Software Engineering
17 2,824 (14.10%) Problem-Solving
18 2,819 (14.07%) Power Platform
19 2,703 (13.49%) Power BI
20 2,594 (12.95%) Microservices
21 2,565 (12.80%) React
22 2,506 (12.51%) Degree
23 2,429 (12.12%) Data Warehouse
24 2,422 (12.09%) Analytical Skills
25 2,410 (12.03%) Full Stack Development
26 2,356 (11.76%) Docker
27 2,315 (11.55%) ETL
28 2,267 (11.32%) NoSQL
29 2,232 (11.14%) Git (software)
30 2,215 (11.06%) HTML

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 780 (3.89%) Apache Spark
2 501 (2.50%) SharePoint
3 476 (2.38%) Apache
4 419 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
5 369 (1.84%) IIS
6 359 (1.79%) CMS
7 322 (1.61%) Confluence
8 292 (1.46%) Apache Airflow
9 279 (1.39%) SAS
10 149 (0.74%) Tomcat
11 129 (0.64%) WebLogic
12 128 (0.64%) nginx
13 108 (0.54%) WordPress
14 97 (0.48%) EPiServer
15 93 (0.46%) MS Exchange
15 93 (0.46%) Umbraco
16 69 (0.34%) Jupyter
17 57 (0.28%) Luigi
18 50 (0.25%) Apache Solr
19 48 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 1,200 (5.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 642 (3.20%) Microsoft Office
3 142 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 100 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
5 94 (0.47%) MS Visio
6 37 (0.18%) Chatbot
7 36 (0.18%) SPSS
8 26 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 22 (0.11%) Figma
9 22 (0.11%) InVision
10 20 (0.100%) Adobe Illustrator
11 15 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
11 15 (0.075%) Sketch
12 14 (0.070%) GIMP
13 9 (0.045%) SOLIDWORKS
14 7 (0.035%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 7 (0.035%) InDesign
15 6 (0.030%) InfoPath
16 5 (0.025%) AutoCAD
16 5 (0.025%) Solid Edge
Business Applications
1 224 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 87 (0.43%) NetSuite
3 61 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
4 59 (0.29%) Dynamics NAV
5 51 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
6 39 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
7 38 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
8 37 (0.18%) SAP Business One
9 36 (0.18%) Shopify
10 28 (0.14%) Magento
11 25 (0.12%) IBM Planning Analytics
12 24 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
13 22 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 20 (0.100%) Sentinel
15 19 (0.095%) Oracle Payables
15 19 (0.095%) Oracle Receivables
16 18 (0.090%) Oracle Financials
17 17 (0.085%) SAP ERP
17 17 (0.085%) Unit4 Business World
18 16 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 6,223 (31.06%) Azure
2 4,294 (21.43%) AWS
3 2,819 (14.07%) Power Platform
4 1,518 (7.58%) GCP
5 1,139 (5.69%) Serverless
6 1,130 (5.64%) SaaS
7 801 (4.00%) Microsoft 365
8 690 (3.44%) GitHub
9 650 (3.24%) Azure Data Factory
10 581 (2.90%) AWS Lambda
11 555 (2.77%) PaaS
12 476 (2.38%) Amazon S3
13 474 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
14 471 (2.35%) Snowflake
15 379 (1.89%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 361 (1.80%) IaaS
17 311 (1.55%) Azure Service Bus
18 281 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
19 267 (1.33%) Dynamics 365
20 249 (1.24%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 398 (1.99%) HTTP
2 373 (1.86%) Firewall
3 330 (1.65%) DNS
4 194 (0.97%) DHCP
5 183 (0.91%) TCP/IP
6 171 (0.85%) VPN
7 152 (0.76%) Internet
8 124 (0.62%) SAN
9 123 (0.61%) WAN
10 111 (0.55%) LAN
11 89 (0.44%) SSL
12 80 (0.40%) Broadband
13 77 (0.38%) FTP
13 77 (0.38%) VLAN
14 60 (0.30%) AMQP
15 59 (0.29%) VoIP
16 56 (0.28%) SMTP
17 52 (0.26%) Skype
18 45 (0.22%) Wireless
19 43 (0.21%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,556 (22.74%) SQL Server
2 2,703 (13.49%) Power BI
3 2,429 (12.12%) Data Warehouse
4 2,267 (11.32%) NoSQL
5 1,645 (8.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,592 (7.95%) Relational Database
7 1,404 (7.01%) Tableau
8 1,352 (6.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1,333 (6.65%) PostgreSQL
10 1,299 (6.48%) MySQL
11 1,193 (5.95%) Big Data
12 943 (4.71%) MongoDB
13 791 (3.95%) Data Lake
14 770 (3.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 762 (3.80%) Azure SQL Database
16 593 (2.96%) Redis
17 589 (2.94%) Hadoop
18 467 (2.33%) RDBMS
19 452 (2.26%) Oracle Database
20 436 (2.18%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 2,232 (11.14%) Git (software)
2 1,125 (5.62%) JIRA
3 1,068 (5.33%) Jenkins
4 703 (3.51%) Visual Studio
5 589 (2.94%) Selenium
6 502 (2.51%) Team Foundation Server
7 357 (1.78%) Octopus Deploy
8 355 (1.77%) TeamCity
9 298 (1.49%) JUnit
10 280 (1.40%) NUnit
11 270 (1.35%) Maven
12 245 (1.22%) Subversion
13 215 (1.07%) Cucumber
14 213 (1.06%) GitLab
15 208 (1.04%) webpack
16 198 (0.99%) Postman
17 184 (0.92%) Cypress.io
18 174 (0.87%) Bitbucket
19 169 (0.84%) SpecFlow
20 150 (0.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 4,523 (22.58%) Social Skills
2 4,468 (22.30%) Finance
3 2,422 (12.09%) Analytical Skills
4 1,015 (5.07%) Banking
5 957 (4.78%) Marketing
6 902 (4.50%) Retail
7 481 (2.40%) Law
8 398 (1.99%) Games
9 395 (1.97%) Front Office
10 377 (1.88%) Manufacturing
11 366 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
12 356 (1.78%) Organisational Skills
13 353 (1.76%) Legal
14 337 (1.68%) Advertising
14 337 (1.68%) Public Sector
15 289 (1.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 224 (1.12%) Telecoms
17 213 (1.06%) Publishing
18 210 (1.05%) Back Office
19 203 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 7,640 (38.13%) Developer
2 2,885 (14.40%) Analyst
3 1,640 (8.19%) Software Engineer
4 1,495 (7.46%) Senior Developer
5 1,467 (7.32%) .NET Developer
6 1,403 (7.00%) Data Engineer
7 1,272 (6.35%) C# Developer
8 1,244 (6.21%) Software Developer
9 960 (4.79%) Data Analyst
10 887 (4.43%) Full Stack Developer
10 887 (4.43%) SQL Developer
11 837 (4.18%) Java Developer
12 755 (3.77%) Architect
13 655 (3.27%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 642 (3.20%) C# .NET Developer
15 587 (2.93%) Applications Support
16 586 (2.92%) Python Engineer
17 480 (2.40%) Support Analyst
18 454 (2.27%) Azure Engineer
19 453 (2.26%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,055 (25.23%) .NET
2 2,565 (12.80%) React
3 2,215 (11.06%) HTML
4 2,056 (10.26%) CSS
5 1,882 (9.39%) .NET Core
6 1,877 (9.37%) AngularJS
7 1,673 (8.35%) Web Services
8 1,634 (8.16%) REST
9 1,418 (7.08%) ASP.NET
10 1,360 (6.79%) .NET Framework
11 1,193 (5.95%) Node.js
12 1,064 (5.31%) Spring
13 996 (4.97%) RESTful
14 974 (4.86%) Kafka
15 899 (4.49%) XML
16 802 (4.00%) ASP.NET Web API
17 787 (3.93%) JSON
18 774 (3.86%) Vue.js
19 692 (3.45%) jQuery
20 555 (2.77%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 847 (4.23%) User Experience
2 809 (4.04%) Greenfield Project
3 680 (3.39%) Algorithms
4 561 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
5 525 (2.62%) Data Structures
6 523 (2.61%) Management Information System
7 436 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
8 414 (2.07%) Hedge funds
9 390 (1.95%) Mobile App
10 367 (1.83%) Equities
11 270 (1.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 259 (1.29%) Derivative
13 243 (1.21%) Public Cloud
14 229 (1.14%) Fixed Income
15 228 (1.14%) Legacy Systems
16 223 (1.11%) Cloud Native
16 223 (1.11%) Clustering
17 198 (0.99%) Life Science
18 194 (0.97%) Virtual Team
19 180 (0.90%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,839 (9.18%) Windows
2 1,777 (8.87%) Linux
3 655 (3.27%) Unix
4 625 (3.12%) Windows Server
5 244 (1.22%) Android
6 227 (1.13%) Apple iOS
7 220 (1.10%) Windows Server 2012
8 209 (1.04%) Windows 10
9 186 (0.93%) Windows Server 2016
10 111 (0.55%) Windows Server 2019
11 95 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 94 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
13 82 (0.41%) VMS
14 75 (0.37%) CentOS
15 74 (0.37%) Windows 7
16 53 (0.26%) Solaris
17 37 (0.18%) Ubuntu
18 34 (0.17%) Mac OS X
19 32 (0.16%) Windows 8
20 22 (0.11%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,845 (34.17%) Agile Software Development
2 3,863 (19.28%) Business Intelligence
3 3,737 (18.65%) Analytics
4 3,403 (16.99%) DevOps
5 3,189 (15.92%) Software Engineering
6 2,824 (14.10%) Problem-Solving
7 2,594 (12.95%) Microservices
8 2,410 (12.03%) Full Stack Development
9 2,315 (11.55%) ETL
10 2,026 (10.11%) Scrum
11 2,009 (10.03%) Test Automation
12 1,883 (9.40%) Data Modelling
13 1,824 (9.10%) TDD
14 1,739 (8.68%) Computer Science
15 1,731 (8.64%) Visualisation
16 1,698 (8.48%) MVC
17 1,670 (8.34%) Data Science
18 1,486 (7.42%) Mentoring
19 1,400 (6.99%) SDLC
20 1,329 (6.63%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 5,629 (28.10%) C#
2 5,040 (25.16%) Python
3 4,633 (23.12%) JavaScript
4 3,614 (18.04%) Java
5 1,970 (9.83%) T-SQL
6 1,558 (7.78%) TypeScript
7 1,300 (6.49%) PowerShell
8 877 (4.38%) PHP
9 793 (3.96%) R
10 664 (3.31%) PL/SQL
11 572 (2.86%) C++
12 558 (2.79%) Scala
13 488 (2.44%) Bash Shell
14 475 (2.37%) VBA
15 462 (2.31%) C
16 401 (2.00%) Go
17 298 (1.49%) Ruby
18 293 (1.46%) Shell Script
19 284 (1.42%) Java 8
20 278 (1.39%) VB
Qualifications
1 2,506 (12.51%) Degree
2 794 (3.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 424 (2.12%) Security Cleared
4 312 (1.56%) SC Cleared
5 286 (1.43%) Microsoft Certification
6 206 (1.03%) Master's Degree
7 130 (0.65%) PhD
8 127 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
9 111 (0.55%) ISTQB
10 107 (0.53%) MCSE
11 88 (0.44%) MCSA
12 84 (0.42%) ISEB
13 77 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
14 72 (0.36%) CCNA
15 53 (0.26%) Citrix Certification
15 53 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
16 51 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 46 (0.23%) HND
18 43 (0.21%) HNC
18 43 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,315 (6.56%) QA
2 855 (4.27%) Data Quality
3 298 (1.49%) SLA
4 275 (1.37%) GDPR
5 130 (0.65%) Accessibility
6 90 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 51 (0.25%) GRC
8 47 (0.23%) PSD2
9 42 (0.21%) PCI DSS
10 36 (0.18%) PMO
11 34 (0.17%) GxP
12 27 (0.13%) Good Clinical Practice
13 21 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 19 (0.095%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 19 (0.095%) HL7
15 17 (0.085%) NIST
16 16 (0.080%) CDISC
16 16 (0.080%) WCAG
17 14 (0.070%) Actionable Recommendations
18 13 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 2,356 (11.76%) Docker
2 833 (4.16%) Active Directory
3 385 (1.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 255 (1.27%) Hyper-V
5 87 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
6 86 (0.43%) vSphere
7 74 (0.37%) XenApp
8 61 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 54 (0.27%) HDFS
10 49 (0.24%) XenDesktop
11 38 (0.19%) VirtualBox
12 33 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
12 33 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
13 25 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 21 (0.10%) Firmware
15 18 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
16 14 (0.070%) VMware Server
17 12 (0.060%) Ceph
17 12 (0.060%) Microsoft App-V
17 12 (0.060%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 1,881 (9.39%) Kubernetes
2 1,074 (5.36%) Terraform
3 555 (2.77%) Ansible
4 331 (1.65%) Grafana
5 283 (1.41%) Puppet
6 247 (1.23%) Prometheus
7 239 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
8 179 (0.89%) SCCM
9 149 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
10 83 (0.41%) WSUS
11 64 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
12 61 (0.30%) Kibana
13 54 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
14 53 (0.26%) SCOM
15 50 (0.25%) Opsgenie
16 47 (0.23%) Graphite
16 47 (0.23%) logstash
16 47 (0.23%) ZABBIX
17 44 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
18 43 (0.21%) Nagios
Vendors
1 4,222 (21.07%) Microsoft
2 2,003 (10.00%) Oracle
3 1,242 (6.20%) Google
4 630 (3.14%) VMware
5 558 (2.79%) Databricks
6 505 (2.52%) SAP
7 381 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
8 273 (1.36%) Citrix
9 227 (1.13%) Informatica
10 216 (1.08%) Alteryx
11 204 (1.02%) IBM
12 194 (0.97%) Adobe
13 166 (0.83%) Red Hat
14 155 (0.77%) Talend
15 147 (0.73%) Cisco
16 145 (0.72%) Veeam
17 135 (0.67%) Splunk
18 122 (0.61%) New Relic
19 118 (0.59%) Atlassian
20 114 (0.57%) ServiceNow