Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 34,813 33,950 41,454
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.95% 20.89% 21.54%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.16% 38.25% 41.16%
Number of salaries quoted 29,626 29,644 36,607
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
UK median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.22% - +5.88%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 93,691 88,760 100,720
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 56.39% 54.60% 52.34%
Number of salaries quoted 79,205 76,563 87,840
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,983 £57,500 +4.55% 1,611
South East 0 7,243 £42,500 - 777
North of England 0 5,415 £42,000 +5.00% 856
Midlands -1 3,366 £40,000 - 548
North West 0 2,768 £42,500 +6.25% 479
East of England 0 2,490 £45,000 +5.88% 343
Yorkshire 0 2,277 £40,000 - 312
South West +2 2,207 £40,000 - 312
West Midlands 0 2,112 £40,000 - 308
East Midlands -1 1,249 £40,000 - 240
North East +2 374 £42,000 +14.29% 65
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,783 (33.85%) SQL Server
2 11,414 (32.79%) C#
3 10,860 (31.20%) Agile Software Development
4 10,587 (30.41%) .NET
5 9,264 (26.61%) JavaScript
6 8,958 (25.73%) Microsoft
7 8,368 (24.04%) Finance
8 7,068 (20.30%) HTML
9 6,598 (18.95%) Java
10 6,116 (17.57%) CSS
11 5,506 (15.82%) MVC
12 5,421 (15.57%) ASP.NET
13 5,379 (15.45%) T-SQL
14 5,202 (14.94%) Business Intelligence
15 4,943 (14.20%) Windows
16 4,930 (14.16%) Degree
17 4,890 (14.05%) Oracle
18 4,379 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
19 4,208 (12.09%) Microsoft Azure
20 4,067 (11.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
21 4,009 (11.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 4,000 (11.49%) Linux
23 3,925 (11.27%) Python
24 3,817 (10.96%) AngularJS
25 3,741 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
26 3,615 (10.38%) Software Engineering
27 3,541 (10.17%) TDD
28 3,445 (9.90%) Scrum
29 3,400 (9.77%) Web Services
30 3,349 (9.62%) Analytics

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,154 (3.31%) IIS
2 1,139 (3.27%) SharePoint
3 888 (2.55%) Apache Spark
4 760 (2.18%) SAS
5 700 (2.01%) Apache
6 637 (1.83%) Tomcat
7 582 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
8 530 (1.52%) Confluence
9 506 (1.45%) CMS
10 502 (1.44%) MS Exchange
11 429 (1.23%) JBoss
12 383 (1.10%) WebSphere
13 262 (0.75%) WebLogic
14 261 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 252 (0.72%) Umbraco
16 228 (0.65%) Exchange Server 2010
17 212 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
18 179 (0.51%) nginx
19 168 (0.48%) Skype for Business
20 164 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 1,882 (5.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 980 (2.82%) Microsoft Office
3 224 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 162 (0.47%) SPSS
5 161 (0.46%) MS Visio
6 126 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 77 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
8 53 (0.15%) Chatbot
8 53 (0.15%) Photoshop
9 48 (0.14%) InfoPath
10 11 (0.032%) Weka
11 10 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
11 10 (0.029%) AutoCAD
11 10 (0.029%) GNU Octave
12 8 (0.023%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 7 (0.020%) InVision
14 6 (0.017%) Maya
14 6 (0.017%) Revit
15 5 (0.014%) InDesign
16 4 (0.011%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 528 (1.52%) Dynamics NAV
2 510 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 337 (0.97%) Dynamics AX
4 240 (0.69%) Oracle EBS
5 198 (0.57%) NetSuite
6 153 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
7 130 (0.37%) Elite 3E
8 114 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
9 113 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
10 107 (0.31%) SAP Business One
11 88 (0.25%) Magento
12 84 (0.24%) Markit EDM
12 84 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
12 84 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
13 83 (0.24%) thinkFolio
14 78 (0.22%) Oracle 11i
14 78 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
15 61 (0.18%) Sage X3
16 60 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
17 53 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 4,208 (12.09%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,128 (8.99%) Amazon AWS
3 871 (2.50%) SaaS
4 798 (2.29%) Office 365
5 675 (1.94%) GitHub
6 442 (1.27%) PaaS
7 431 (1.24%) IaaS
8 407 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
9 340 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
10 329 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
11 279 (0.80%) Amazon S3
12 274 (0.79%) Serverless
13 250 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
14 245 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
15 206 (0.59%) Google Analytics
16 180 (0.52%) npm
17 152 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
18 135 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
19 129 (0.37%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
20 125 (0.36%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 607 (1.74%) Firewall
2 571 (1.64%) DNS
2 571 (1.64%) TCP/IP
3 477 (1.37%) Internet
4 418 (1.20%) HTTP
5 407 (1.17%) SAN
6 361 (1.04%) WAN
7 342 (0.98%) LAN
8 324 (0.93%) DHCP
9 253 (0.73%) VPN
10 243 (0.70%) SMS
11 196 (0.56%) SSL
12 184 (0.53%) Intranet
13 154 (0.44%) VoIP
14 139 (0.40%) VLAN
15 125 (0.36%) Skype
16 119 (0.34%) FTP
17 109 (0.31%) Network Security
18 108 (0.31%) NAS
19 99 (0.28%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,783 (33.85%) SQL Server
2 4,067 (11.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 4,009 (11.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 2,975 (8.55%) Data Warehouse
5 2,478 (7.12%) MySQL
6 2,476 (7.11%) NoSQL
7 2,330 (6.69%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 2,139 (6.14%) Relational Database
9 1,857 (5.33%) Big Data
10 1,660 (4.77%) Power BI
11 1,270 (3.65%) MongoDB
12 1,211 (3.48%) Hadoop
13 1,185 (3.40%) Oracle Database
14 1,148 (3.30%) PostgreSQL
15 1,141 (3.28%) SQL Server 2008
16 1,038 (2.98%) SQL Server 2012
17 804 (2.31%) SQL Server 2016
18 780 (2.24%) SQL Server 2014
19 690 (1.98%) RDBMS
20 647 (1.86%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 3,168 (9.10%) Git (software)
2 2,061 (5.92%) Visual Studio
3 1,617 (4.64%) JIRA
4 1,568 (4.50%) Team Foundation Server
5 1,428 (4.10%) Selenium
6 1,424 (4.09%) Jenkins
7 1,029 (2.96%) Subversion
8 709 (2.04%) Maven
9 635 (1.82%) TeamCity
10 633 (1.82%) JUnit
11 577 (1.66%) Cucumber
12 564 (1.62%) NUnit
13 470 (1.35%) Octopus Deploy
14 355 (1.02%) SoapUI
15 329 (0.95%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 326 (0.94%) Visual Studio Team System
17 314 (0.90%) Eclipse
18 278 (0.80%) WebDriver
19 277 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 237 (0.68%) Bitbucket
General
1 8,368 (24.04%) Finance
2 2,065 (5.93%) Retail
3 2,043 (5.87%) Banking
4 1,697 (4.87%) Advertising
5 1,348 (3.87%) Marketing
6 802 (2.30%) Front Office
7 764 (2.19%) Manufacturing
8 722 (2.07%) Games
9 701 (2.01%) Telecoms
10 638 (1.83%) Legal
11 582 (1.67%) Investment Banking
12 497 (1.43%) Law
13 359 (1.03%) Back Office
14 340 (0.98%) Financial Institution
15 238 (0.68%) Automotive
16 218 (0.63%) Electronics
17 174 (0.50%) Billing
18 161 (0.46%) Publishing
19 110 (0.32%) Retail Banking
20 105 (0.30%) German Language
Job Titles
1 16,188 (46.50%) Developer
2 5,534 (15.90%) Analyst
3 4,482 (12.87%) .NET Developer
4 4,264 (12.25%) C# Developer
5 2,988 (8.58%) SQL Developer
6 2,753 (7.91%) C# .NET Developer
7 2,721 (7.82%) Senior Developer
8 2,519 (7.24%) Software Developer
9 2,347 (6.74%) Java Developer
10 1,702 (4.89%) Consultant
11 1,672 (4.80%) Applications Support
12 1,486 (4.27%) DBA
13 1,393 (4.00%) Support Analyst
14 1,390 (3.99%) Software Engineer
15 1,317 (3.78%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,294 (3.72%) ASP.NET Developer
17 1,210 (3.48%) Junior
18 1,198 (3.44%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 1,136 (3.26%) C# Software Developer
20 1,116 (3.21%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,587 (30.41%) .NET
2 7,068 (20.30%) HTML
3 6,116 (17.57%) CSS
4 5,421 (15.57%) ASP.NET
5 3,817 (10.96%) AngularJS
6 3,400 (9.77%) Web Services
7 3,179 (9.13%) jQuery
8 2,640 (7.58%) XML
9 2,613 (7.51%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,493 (7.16%) .NET Framework
11 1,918 (5.51%) REST
12 1,887 (5.42%) HTML5
13 1,877 (5.39%) Spring
14 1,871 (5.37%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,790 (5.14%) RESTful
16 1,623 (4.66%) WCF
17 1,413 (4.06%) Node.js
18 1,376 (3.95%) React
19 1,360 (3.91%) Entity Framework
20 1,299 (3.73%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 3,741 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
2 2,834 (8.14%) Computer Science
3 1,491 (4.28%) Greenfield Project
4 1,252 (3.60%) Fintech
5 1,192 (3.42%) Self-Motivation
6 987 (2.84%) User Experience
7 919 (2.64%) Management Information System
8 822 (2.36%) Mobile App
9 802 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
10 782 (2.25%) Algorithms
11 556 (1.60%) Replication
12 541 (1.55%) Data Structures
13 519 (1.49%) Clustering
14 450 (1.29%) Equities
15 445 (1.28%) Hedge funds
16 436 (1.25%) Fixed Income
17 363 (1.04%) Data Centre
18 362 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 348 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
20 336 (0.97%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 4,943 (14.20%) Windows
2 4,000 (11.49%) Linux
3 2,160 (6.20%) Unix
4 1,813 (5.21%) Windows Server
5 623 (1.79%) Windows Server 2008
6 612 (1.76%) Windows Server 2012
7 592 (1.70%) Android
8 469 (1.35%) Apple iOS
9 440 (1.26%) Windows 7
10 339 (0.97%) Windows 10
11 213 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 210 (0.60%) Solaris
13 170 (0.49%) Windows Server 2003
14 160 (0.46%) Windows 8
15 139 (0.40%) CentOS
16 110 (0.32%) VMS
17 98 (0.28%) Ubuntu
18 90 (0.26%) AIX
19 59 (0.17%) Debian
20 56 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,860 (31.20%) Agile Software Development
2 5,506 (15.82%) MVC
3 5,202 (14.94%) Business Intelligence
4 4,379 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
5 3,615 (10.38%) Software Engineering
6 3,541 (10.17%) TDD
7 3,445 (9.90%) Scrum
8 3,349 (9.62%) Analytics
9 3,083 (8.86%) Test Automation
10 2,718 (7.81%) ETL
11 2,610 (7.50%) OO
12 2,579 (7.41%) Web Development
13 2,554 (7.34%) SDLC
14 2,380 (6.84%) Continuous Integration
15 2,159 (6.20%) DevOps
16 1,845 (5.30%) ITIL
17 1,726 (4.96%) Unit Testing
18 1,669 (4.79%) Data Modelling
19 1,609 (4.62%) Mentoring
20 1,538 (4.42%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11,414 (32.79%) C#
2 9,264 (26.61%) JavaScript
3 6,598 (18.95%) Java
4 5,379 (15.45%) T-SQL
5 3,925 (11.27%) Python
6 1,739 (5.00%) PL/SQL
7 1,721 (4.94%) PHP
8 1,633 (4.69%) PowerShell
9 1,578 (4.53%) C++
10 1,068 (3.07%) VB.NET
11 1,045 (3.00%) C
12 1,039 (2.98%) R
13 924 (2.65%) VBA
14 865 (2.48%) Ruby
15 827 (2.38%) Scala
16 738 (2.12%) VB
17 725 (2.08%) Bash Shell
18 723 (2.08%) Perl
19 688 (1.98%) Shell Script
20 628 (1.80%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 4,930 (14.16%) Degree
2 1,227 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 797 (2.29%) Microsoft Certification
4 574 (1.65%) Security Cleared
5 407 (1.17%) ISTQB
6 387 (1.11%) ISEB
7 303 (0.87%) SC Cleared
8 288 (0.83%) MCSE
9 234 (0.67%) PhD
10 226 (0.65%) MCSA
11 210 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
12 188 (0.54%) ITIL Certification
13 187 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 180 (0.52%) Master's Degree
15 156 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
16 151 (0.43%) DV Cleared
17 126 (0.36%) CCNA
18 123 (0.35%) MCP
19 102 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
20 88 (0.25%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,015 (5.79%) QA
2 767 (2.20%) Data Quality
3 469 (1.35%) SLA
4 203 (0.58%) GDPR
5 175 (0.50%) PCI DSS
6 129 (0.37%) PMO
7 99 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 81 (0.23%) MiFID
9 63 (0.18%) GCP
10 47 (0.14%) Solvency II
11 35 (0.10%) ISO 9001
12 33 (0.095%) COBIT
13 32 (0.092%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 28 (0.080%) EMIR
15 19 (0.055%) SEPA
16 15 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials
16 15 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 14 (0.040%) HIPAA
17 14 (0.040%) WAI
18 13 (0.037%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,587 (4.56%) Active Directory
2 1,263 (3.63%) Docker
3 739 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 471 (1.35%) Hyper-V
5 285 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
6 176 (0.51%) XenApp
7 173 (0.50%) vSphere
8 164 (0.47%) HDFS
9 131 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
10 116 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
11 110 (0.32%) XenDesktop
12 64 (0.18%) Apache Flume
13 60 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
14 58 (0.17%) VirtualBox
15 36 (0.10%) VMware Workstation
16 33 (0.095%) Terminal Services
17 31 (0.089%) Microsoft App-V
18 25 (0.072%) VMware NSX
19 23 (0.066%) Microsoft Virtual Server
20 21 (0.060%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 603 (1.73%) Puppet
2 572 (1.64%) Ansible
3 529 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
4 373 (1.07%) Kubernetes
5 326 (0.94%) SCCM
6 214 (0.61%) Terraform
7 149 (0.43%) SCOM
8 138 (0.40%) Nagios
9 118 (0.34%) Kibana
10 115 (0.33%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 113 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
12 109 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
13 104 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
14 102 (0.29%) Data Guard
15 77 (0.22%) HP ALM
16 76 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
17 73 (0.21%) Failover Clustering
18 72 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
19 70 (0.20%) logstash
20 66 (0.19%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 8,958 (25.73%) Microsoft
2 4,890 (14.05%) Oracle
3 1,446 (4.15%) Tableau
4 1,312 (3.77%) VMware
5 1,056 (3.03%) Google
6 841 (2.42%) SAP
7 508 (1.46%) Cisco
8 504 (1.45%) Citrix
9 465 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
10 386 (1.11%) IBM
11 378 (1.09%) HP
12 374 (1.07%) Xamarin
13 372 (1.07%) Sybase
14 334 (0.96%) Capita
15 333 (0.96%) Informatica
16 318 (0.91%) Cognos
17 287 (0.82%) Sage
18 281 (0.81%) Red Hat
19 260 (0.75%) Talend
20 246 (0.71%) WorldPay