Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 26,014 34,281 35,116
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 19.26% 20.97% 21.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.69% 37.30% 37.97%
Number of salaries quoted 22,086 28,851 30,048
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 72,897 91,895 92,484
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.98% 56.20% 55.44%
Number of salaries quoted 60,240 76,905 77,983
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 11,333 £60,000 +4.35% 1,382
South East +1 5,309 £45,000 - 894
North of England -1 3,754 £42,500 - 987
Midlands 0 2,484 £40,000 - 656
North West -1 1,827 £42,500 +4.94% 517
South West 0 1,821 £40,000 - 378
Yorkshire -1 1,638 £42,500 - 363
West Midlands 0 1,564 £42,500 +3.03% 379
East of England -1 1,264 £45,000 - 325
East Midlands -1 912 £40,000 - 273
North East +4 293 £37,500 -11.76% 107
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 8,511 (32.72%) C#
2 8,497 (32.66%) Agile Software Development
3 8,187 (31.47%) SQL Server
4 7,773 (29.88%) .NET
5 6,199 (23.83%) Microsoft
6 6,028 (23.17%) JavaScript
7 5,970 (22.95%) Finance
8 5,216 (20.05%) Microsoft Azure
9 4,938 (18.98%) Java
10 4,441 (17.07%) Business Intelligence
11 4,020 (15.45%) HTML
12 4,002 (15.38%) Python
13 3,869 (14.87%) ASP.NET
14 3,758 (14.45%) Windows
15 3,709 (14.26%) T-SQL
16 3,557 (13.67%) Oracle
17 3,515 (13.51%) CSS
18 3,451 (13.27%) Degree
19 3,396 (13.05%) MVC
20 3,259 (12.53%) Amazon AWS
21 3,185 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
22 3,007 (11.56%) Analytics
23 2,978 (11.45%) Linux
24 2,950 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
25 2,903 (11.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
26 2,837 (10.91%) Software Engineering
27 2,819 (10.84%) DevOps
28 2,757 (10.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
29 2,746 (10.56%) Data Warehouse
30 2,600 (9.99%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,113 (4.28%) SharePoint
2 954 (3.67%) IIS
3 857 (3.29%) Apache Spark
4 515 (1.98%) Apache
5 437 (1.68%) Tomcat
6 393 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
7 391 (1.50%) SAS
8 351 (1.35%) Confluence
9 301 (1.16%) MS Exchange
10 247 (0.95%) CMS
11 233 (0.90%) Oracle Workflow
12 184 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
13 178 (0.68%) JBoss
14 146 (0.56%) Umbraco
15 137 (0.53%) WebLogic
16 134 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 132 (0.51%) WebSphere
18 129 (0.50%) nginx
19 115 (0.44%) Apache Pig
20 109 (0.42%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 1,379 (5.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 868 (3.34%) Microsoft Office
3 128 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 96 (0.37%) SPSS
5 85 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
6 83 (0.32%) MS Visio
7 47 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 37 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 24 (0.092%) Photoshop
10 23 (0.088%) Stata
11 19 (0.073%) Sketch
12 15 (0.058%) InfoPath
13 13 (0.050%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 12 (0.046%) S-PLUS
14 12 (0.046%) Zeplin
15 9 (0.035%) HipChat
15 9 (0.035%) InVision
16 7 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
17 6 (0.023%) AutoCAD
17 6 (0.023%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 408 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 184 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
3 158 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
4 157 (0.60%) thinkFolio
5 141 (0.54%) Markit EDM
6 114 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
7 106 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
8 100 (0.38%) Front Arena
9 81 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
10 80 (0.31%) Magento
11 70 (0.27%) NetSuite
12 61 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
13 57 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
14 52 (0.20%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 47 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
15 47 (0.18%) SAP Business One
16 46 (0.18%) Dynamics GP
16 46 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
17 44 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
18 42 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 5,216 (20.05%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,259 (12.53%) Amazon AWS
3 2,199 (8.45%) Power Platform
4 969 (3.72%) Office 365
5 913 (3.51%) SaaS
6 796 (3.06%) Google Cloud Platform
7 488 (1.88%) PaaS
8 397 (1.53%) Serverless
9 348 (1.34%) GitHub
10 332 (1.28%) Azure Data Factory
11 325 (1.25%) IaaS
12 287 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
13 271 (1.04%) Dynamics 365
14 225 (0.86%) Amazon S3
15 219 (0.84%) Azure Active Directory
16 206 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
17 159 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
18 140 (0.54%) Google Analytics
19 135 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
19 135 (0.52%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 612 (2.35%) Firewall
2 525 (2.02%) DNS
3 477 (1.83%) TCP/IP
4 351 (1.35%) WAN
5 334 (1.28%) SAN
6 329 (1.26%) DHCP
7 303 (1.16%) Internet
8 298 (1.15%) LAN
9 281 (1.08%) HTTP
10 235 (0.90%) VPN
11 179 (0.69%) VoIP
12 162 (0.62%) SSL
13 151 (0.58%) VLAN
14 126 (0.48%) Network Security
15 125 (0.48%) Skype
16 122 (0.47%) Broadband
17 112 (0.43%) FTP
18 99 (0.38%) Wireless
19 93 (0.36%) NAS
20 87 (0.33%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,187 (31.47%) SQL Server
2 2,903 (11.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,757 (10.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,746 (10.56%) Data Warehouse
5 2,151 (8.27%) Power BI
6 2,009 (7.72%) Relational Database
7 1,848 (7.10%) NoSQL
8 1,583 (6.09%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,518 (5.84%) MySQL
10 1,412 (5.43%) Big Data
11 1,059 (4.07%) Hadoop
12 978 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
13 888 (3.41%) MongoDB
14 765 (2.94%) SQL Server 2012
15 742 (2.85%) Azure SQL Database
16 691 (2.66%) Oracle Database
17 644 (2.48%) RDBMS
18 602 (2.31%) SQL Server 2008
19 599 (2.30%) QlikView
20 556 (2.14%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,529 (9.72%) Git (software)
2 1,384 (5.32%) JIRA
3 1,350 (5.19%) Visual Studio
4 1,184 (4.55%) Jenkins
5 1,126 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,010 (3.88%) Selenium
7 505 (1.94%) Subversion
8 500 (1.92%) Cucumber
9 477 (1.83%) TeamCity
10 439 (1.69%) Maven
11 388 (1.49%) Visual Studio Team System
12 367 (1.41%) SpecFlow
13 324 (1.25%) JUnit
14 298 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
15 287 (1.10%) SoapUI
16 275 (1.06%) NUnit
17 257 (0.99%) WebDriver
18 218 (0.84%) Bitbucket
19 216 (0.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 204 (0.78%) Oracle Forms
General
1 5,970 (22.95%) Finance
2 1,563 (6.01%) Banking
3 1,290 (4.96%) Retail
4 1,242 (4.77%) Marketing
5 633 (2.43%) Front Office
6 601 (2.31%) Manufacturing
7 521 (2.00%) Telecoms
8 458 (1.76%) Games
9 373 (1.43%) Legal
10 351 (1.35%) Law
11 322 (1.24%) Advertising
12 310 (1.19%) Investment Banking
13 288 (1.11%) Back Office
14 222 (0.85%) Financial Institution
15 206 (0.79%) Electronics
16 110 (0.42%) French Language
17 108 (0.42%) German Language
18 99 (0.38%) Spanish Language
19 97 (0.37%) Billing
20 86 (0.33%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 11,366 (43.69%) Developer
2 4,354 (16.74%) Analyst
3 2,921 (11.23%) .NET Developer
4 2,837 (10.91%) C# Developer
5 2,047 (7.87%) SQL Developer
6 1,821 (7.00%) Software Developer
7 1,754 (6.74%) Senior Developer
8 1,744 (6.70%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,383 (5.32%) Java Developer
10 1,328 (5.10%) Applications Support
11 1,232 (4.74%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 1,183 (4.55%) Support Analyst
13 1,073 (4.12%) Software Engineer
14 942 (3.62%) Consultant
15 911 (3.50%) Junior
16 894 (3.44%) Architect
17 890 (3.42%) Data Analyst
18 862 (3.31%) DBA
19 752 (2.89%) Data Engineer
20 708 (2.72%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,773 (29.88%) .NET
2 4,020 (15.45%) HTML
3 3,869 (14.87%) ASP.NET
4 3,515 (13.51%) CSS
5 2,422 (9.31%) AngularJS
6 2,298 (8.83%) Web Services
7 2,030 (7.80%) XML
8 1,594 (6.13%) .NET Framework
9 1,546 (5.94%) jQuery
10 1,529 (5.88%) ASP.NET MVC
11 1,493 (5.74%) ASP.NET Web API
12 1,356 (5.21%) REST
13 1,315 (5.05%) React
14 1,249 (4.80%) Spring
15 1,222 (4.70%) RESTful
16 1,103 (4.24%) .NET Core
17 1,080 (4.15%) JSON
18 997 (3.83%) HTML5
18 997 (3.83%) SOAP
19 860 (3.31%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 2,950 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
2 1,116 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
3 847 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
4 661 (2.54%) Management Information System
5 654 (2.51%) Algorithms
6 636 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
7 599 (2.30%) User Experience
8 559 (2.15%) Mobile App
9 542 (2.08%) Hedge funds
10 521 (2.00%) Data Structures
11 501 (1.93%) Fixed Income
12 452 (1.74%) Equities
13 444 (1.71%) Derivative
14 442 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 359 (1.38%) Clustering
16 345 (1.33%) Data Centre
17 327 (1.26%) Replication
18 248 (0.95%) Public Cloud
19 219 (0.84%) Linux Command Line
20 193 (0.74%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 3,758 (14.45%) Windows
2 2,978 (11.45%) Linux
3 1,482 (5.70%) Unix
4 1,439 (5.53%) Windows Server
5 416 (1.60%) Windows Server 2012
6 370 (1.42%) Android
7 346 (1.33%) Windows Server 2008
8 293 (1.13%) Apple iOS
9 286 (1.10%) Windows 10
10 272 (1.05%) Windows 7
11 170 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 125 (0.48%) CentOS
13 118 (0.45%) Debian
14 111 (0.43%) Ubuntu
15 99 (0.38%) Windows 8
16 92 (0.35%) Solaris
17 79 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
18 78 (0.30%) AIX
19 68 (0.26%) Mac OS
20 33 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,497 (32.66%) Agile Software Development
2 4,441 (17.07%) Business Intelligence
3 3,396 (13.05%) MVC
4 3,185 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
5 3,007 (11.56%) Analytics
6 2,837 (10.91%) Software Engineering
7 2,819 (10.84%) DevOps
8 2,600 (9.99%) Scrum
9 2,518 (9.68%) ETL
10 2,336 (8.98%) TDD
11 2,309 (8.88%) Test Automation
12 2,022 (7.77%) Computer Science
13 1,851 (7.12%) SDLC
14 1,683 (6.47%) Data Modelling
15 1,648 (6.34%) Continuous Integration
16 1,538 (5.91%) OO
17 1,508 (5.80%) ITIL
18 1,405 (5.40%) Visualisation
19 1,329 (5.11%) Microservices
20 1,328 (5.10%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 8,511 (32.72%) C#
2 6,028 (23.17%) JavaScript
3 4,938 (18.98%) Java
4 4,002 (15.38%) Python
5 3,709 (14.26%) T-SQL
6 1,626 (6.25%) PowerShell
7 1,306 (5.02%) PL/SQL
8 1,038 (3.99%) R
9 984 (3.78%) C++
10 976 (3.75%) PHP
11 725 (2.79%) VBA
12 673 (2.59%) VB.NET
13 655 (2.52%) C
14 652 (2.51%) Scala
15 566 (2.18%) VB
16 519 (2.00%) Bash Shell
17 470 (1.81%) TypeScript
18 426 (1.64%) Shell Script
19 423 (1.63%) Perl
20 418 (1.61%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 3,451 (13.27%) Degree
2 837 (3.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 708 (2.72%) Security Cleared
4 494 (1.90%) Microsoft Certification
5 330 (1.27%) ISTQB
6 323 (1.24%) SC Cleared
7 267 (1.03%) ISEB
8 204 (0.78%) MCSE
9 193 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
10 180 (0.69%) DV Cleared
10 180 (0.69%) Master's Degree
11 168 (0.65%) PhD
12 162 (0.62%) MCSA
13 144 (0.55%) CCNA
14 138 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 125 (0.48%) Numerate Degree
16 113 (0.43%) HND
17 111 (0.43%) MCP
18 75 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
19 55 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,706 (6.56%) QA
2 592 (2.28%) Data Quality
3 546 (2.10%) SLA
4 320 (1.23%) GDPR
5 126 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 60 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 54 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 45 (0.17%) HL7
9 38 (0.15%) PMO
10 36 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
11 34 (0.13%) Solvency II
12 33 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
13 29 (0.11%) MiFID
14 27 (0.10%) DICOM
15 24 (0.092%) HIPAA
16 23 (0.088%) COBIT
16 23 (0.088%) ISO 20022
17 20 (0.077%) WAI
18 19 (0.073%) IFRS
18 19 (0.073%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,502 (5.77%) Active Directory
2 1,392 (5.35%) Docker
3 841 (3.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 710 (2.73%) Hyper-V
5 225 (0.86%) XenApp
6 145 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
7 129 (0.50%) XenDesktop
8 127 (0.49%) vSphere
9 112 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
10 104 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 89 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
12 85 (0.33%) HDFS
13 69 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
14 64 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
15 54 (0.21%) VirtualBox
16 39 (0.15%) Apache Flume
17 38 (0.15%) Terminal Services
18 27 (0.10%) Firmware
19 25 (0.096%) Xen
20 23 (0.088%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 761 (2.93%) Kubernetes
2 551 (2.12%) Ansible
3 403 (1.55%) Puppet
4 380 (1.46%) Terraform
5 353 (1.36%) SCCM
6 316 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
7 165 (0.63%) SCOM
8 117 (0.45%) Nagios
9 98 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
9 98 (0.38%) Oozie
10 90 (0.35%) Kibana
11 74 (0.28%) WSUS
12 73 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
13 68 (0.26%) SCOrch
14 67 (0.26%) HP ALM
15 63 (0.24%) Failover Clustering
16 62 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
16 62 (0.24%) Prometheus
17 61 (0.23%) vCenter Server
18 60 (0.23%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 6,199 (23.83%) Microsoft
2 3,557 (13.67%) Oracle
3 1,470 (5.65%) Tableau
4 1,225 (4.71%) VMware
5 859 (3.30%) Google
6 801 (3.08%) SAP
7 528 (2.03%) IBM
8 524 (2.01%) Citrix
9 450 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
10 443 (1.70%) Cisco
11 331 (1.27%) Informatica
12 259 (1.00%) HP
13 223 (0.86%) Databricks
14 214 (0.82%) Talend
15 213 (0.82%) Red Hat
16 197 (0.76%) Cloudera
17 195 (0.75%) Cognos
18 191 (0.73%) Atlassian
18 191 (0.73%) Xamarin
19 184 (0.71%) Splunk