Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 7 7 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 24,311 14,822 15,908
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 17.76% 18.18% 18.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.70% 32.88% 33.84%
Number of salaries quoted 13,938 12,113 13,426
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £68,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,355 45,085 47,004
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.31% 55.30% 54.92%
Number of salaries quoted 38,815 35,170 39,483
10th Percentile £37,319 £34,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +1 13,808 £67,500 +3.85% 988
South East -2 3,283 £52,500 +5.00% 353
North of England -4 2,795 £47,500 - 484
Midlands 0 1,724 £48,000 +12.94% 352
North West -4 1,454 £49,500 +4.21% 239
South West -3 1,361 £50,000 +11.11% 188
West Midlands 0 1,153 £50,000 +11.11% 203
Yorkshire -3 1,123 £50,000 +5.26% 177
East of England -3 955 £50,000 - 175
East Midlands -5 563 £47,500 +14.46% 147
North East -2 222 £40,000 -11.11% 71
South Coast - 1 £70,000 -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 9,265 (38.11%) Agile
2 8,129 (33.44%) Python
3 7,342 (30.20%) Azure
4 6,826 (28.08%) Finance
5 6,128 (25.21%) Social Skills
6 6,084 (25.03%) AWS
7 6,045 (24.87%) C#
8 5,416 (22.28%) SQL Server
9 5,368 (22.08%) .NET
10 5,364 (22.06%) Analytics
11 5,316 (21.87%) JavaScript
12 4,999 (20.56%) Microsoft
13 4,684 (19.27%) Java
14 4,682 (19.26%) Business Intelligence
15 4,672 (19.22%) Software Engineering
16 4,254 (17.50%) DevOps
17 4,056 (16.68%) CI/CD
18 3,997 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
19 3,722 (15.31%) Analytical Skills
20 3,529 (14.52%) Degree
21 3,398 (13.98%) Git (software)
22 3,385 (13.92%) Docker
23 3,369 (13.86%) Power Platform
24 3,232 (13.29%) Power BI
25 3,190 (13.12%) Test Automation
26 3,181 (13.08%) NoSQL
27 3,101 (12.76%) Kubernetes
28 2,974 (12.23%) Microservices
29 2,960 (12.18%) ETL
30 2,953 (12.15%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,213 (4.99%) Apache Spark
2 674 (2.77%) Apache
3 627 (2.58%) Apache Airflow
4 589 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
5 564 (2.32%) SharePoint
6 501 (2.06%) Confluence
7 500 (2.06%) IIS
8 481 (1.98%) SAS
9 371 (1.53%) CMS
10 182 (0.75%) Tomcat
11 157 (0.65%) nginx
12 131 (0.54%) Jupyter
13 117 (0.48%) MS Exchange
14 109 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
15 88 (0.36%) Umbraco
16 82 (0.34%) WordPress
17 77 (0.32%) Jetty
18 74 (0.30%) Tornado
19 73 (0.30%) Apache Solr
19 73 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 1,454 (5.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 625 (2.57%) Microsoft Office
3 216 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 136 (0.56%) MS Visio
5 126 (0.52%) SPSS
6 124 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
7 59 (0.24%) Chatbot
8 26 (0.11%) Stata
9 23 (0.095%) Microsoft Project
10 14 (0.058%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 13 (0.053%) Photoshop
12 10 (0.041%) Pipeline Pilot
13 9 (0.037%) AutoCAD
13 9 (0.037%) Maple
14 7 (0.029%) Campfire
15 5 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
15 5 (0.021%) Adobe Premiere
15 5 (0.021%) CPLEX
15 5 (0.021%) FileZilla
16 4 (0.016%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 249 (1.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 88 (0.36%) NetSuite
3 66 (0.27%) Dynamics GP
4 52 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
4 52 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
5 50 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 46 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
7 45 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
8 35 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
9 28 (0.12%) Alphatax
9 28 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
10 27 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 26 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
12 25 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
13 22 (0.090%) Oracle ERP
14 19 (0.078%) Magento
14 19 (0.078%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
15 18 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
15 18 (0.074%) SAP Business One
16 17 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 7,342 (30.20%) Azure
2 6,084 (25.03%) AWS
3 3,369 (13.86%) Power Platform
4 2,621 (10.78%) GCP
5 1,672 (6.88%) Serverless
6 1,443 (5.94%) SaaS
7 1,035 (4.26%) GitHub
8 814 (3.35%) AWS Lambda
9 788 (3.24%) Amazon S3
10 756 (3.11%) Azure Data Factory
10 756 (3.11%) Microsoft 365
11 705 (2.90%) Snowflake
12 528 (2.17%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 452 (1.86%) PaaS
14 403 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
15 371 (1.53%) Cloud Functions
16 348 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
17 337 (1.39%) OpenShift
18 333 (1.37%) Google Analytics
19 308 (1.27%) dbt
Communications & Networking
1 535 (2.20%) HTTP
2 460 (1.89%) Internet
3 393 (1.62%) Firewall
4 319 (1.31%) DNS
5 216 (0.89%) DHCP
6 183 (0.75%) TCP/IP
7 174 (0.72%) Broadband
8 154 (0.63%) WAN
9 153 (0.63%) SAN
10 146 (0.60%) VPN
11 126 (0.52%) LAN
12 117 (0.48%) SSL
13 91 (0.37%) Network Security
14 76 (0.31%) VLAN
15 70 (0.29%) Skype
15 70 (0.29%) VoIP
16 63 (0.26%) FTP
17 56 (0.23%) MQTT
18 54 (0.22%) HTTPS
19 52 (0.21%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5,416 (22.28%) SQL Server
2 3,232 (13.29%) Power BI
3 3,181 (13.08%) NoSQL
4 2,953 (12.15%) Data Warehouse
5 2,285 (9.40%) PostgreSQL
5 2,285 (9.40%) Relational Database
6 1,822 (7.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1,810 (7.45%) MySQL
8 1,752 (7.21%) Tableau
9 1,588 (6.53%) Big Data
10 1,347 (5.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 1,331 (5.47%) MongoDB
12 1,117 (4.59%) Data Lake
13 1,006 (4.14%) BigQuery
14 852 (3.50%) Hadoop
15 749 (3.08%) Azure SQL Database
16 683 (2.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 650 (2.67%) Amazon Redshift
18 606 (2.49%) Redis
19 571 (2.35%) Looker
Development Applications
1 3,398 (13.98%) Git (software)
2 1,692 (6.96%) JIRA
3 1,366 (5.62%) Jenkins
4 707 (2.91%) Selenium
5 666 (2.74%) Visual Studio
6 570 (2.34%) Maven
7 508 (2.09%) GitLab
8 470 (1.93%) JUnit
9 424 (1.74%) Team Foundation Server
10 401 (1.65%) Subversion
11 385 (1.58%) Gradle
12 381 (1.57%) TeamCity
13 374 (1.54%) Cucumber
14 341 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
15 335 (1.38%) Postman
16 288 (1.18%) NUnit
17 285 (1.17%) SpecFlow
18 275 (1.13%) Cypress.io
19 252 (1.04%) Ant
20 228 (0.94%) Bitbucket
General
1 6,826 (28.08%) Finance
2 6,128 (25.21%) Social Skills
3 3,722 (15.31%) Analytical Skills
4 1,719 (7.07%) Marketing
5 1,391 (5.72%) Banking
6 1,383 (5.69%) Retail
7 1,081 (4.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 886 (3.64%) Games
9 784 (3.22%) Manufacturing
10 673 (2.77%) Public Sector
11 657 (2.70%) Advertising
12 623 (2.56%) Legal
13 565 (2.32%) Law
14 460 (1.89%) Presentation Skills
15 453 (1.86%) Organisational Skills
16 441 (1.81%) Front Office
17 326 (1.34%) Telecoms
18 308 (1.27%) Influencing Skills
19 301 (1.24%) Publishing
20 295 (1.21%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 7,469 (30.72%) Developer
2 3,985 (16.39%) Analyst
3 2,221 (9.14%) Software Engineer
4 2,193 (9.02%) Data Engineer
5 1,513 (6.22%) .NET Developer
6 1,459 (6.00%) Senior Developer
7 1,249 (5.14%) Software Developer
8 1,240 (5.10%) Data Analyst
9 1,051 (4.32%) C# Developer
10 923 (3.80%) Full Stack Developer
11 819 (3.37%) SQL Developer
12 805 (3.31%) Java Developer
13 785 (3.23%) Applications Support
14 776 (3.19%) Senior Software Engineer
15 700 (2.88%) Architect
16 651 (2.68%) Data Scientist
17 632 (2.60%) Support Analyst
18 625 (2.57%) Senior Analyst
19 597 (2.46%) DBA
20 595 (2.45%) Business Intelligence Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,368 (22.08%) .NET
2 2,861 (11.77%) HTML
3 2,727 (11.22%) React
4 2,585 (10.63%) CSS
5 2,047 (8.42%) REST
6 1,944 (8.00%) .NET Core
7 1,940 (7.98%) ASP.NET
8 1,820 (7.49%) AngularJS
9 1,555 (6.40%) Node.js
9 1,555 (6.40%) RESTful
10 1,529 (6.29%) .NET Framework
11 1,377 (5.66%) Kafka
12 1,204 (4.95%) XML
13 1,197 (4.92%) Spring
14 1,148 (4.72%) Web Services
15 1,137 (4.68%) JSON
16 817 (3.36%) jQuery
17 785 (3.23%) Entity Framework
18 740 (3.04%) Vue.js
19 738 (3.04%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,350 (5.55%) Algorithms
2 1,092 (4.49%) User Experience
3 1,011 (4.16%) Data Structures
4 954 (3.92%) Self-Motivation
5 625 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
6 601 (2.47%) Mobile App
7 586 (2.41%) Management Information System
8 465 (1.91%) Life Science
9 461 (1.90%) Cloud Native
10 436 (1.79%) Linux Command Line
11 367 (1.51%) Derivative
12 353 (1.45%) Equities
13 339 (1.39%) Virtual Team
14 323 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
15 291 (1.20%) Social Media
16 289 (1.19%) Public Cloud
17 283 (1.16%) Hedge funds
18 249 (1.02%) Fixed Income
19 240 (0.99%) Sports Betting
20 237 (0.97%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 2,702 (11.11%) Linux
2 2,177 (8.95%) Windows
3 1,085 (4.46%) Unix
4 770 (3.17%) Windows Server
5 390 (1.60%) Android
6 346 (1.42%) Apple iOS
7 209 (0.86%) Windows Server 2016
8 195 (0.80%) Windows Server 2012
8 195 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
9 151 (0.62%) Windows 10
10 124 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 110 (0.45%) Ubuntu
12 101 (0.42%) CentOS
13 96 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
14 59 (0.24%) Solaris
15 44 (0.18%) VMS
16 41 (0.17%) AIX
17 36 (0.15%) Windows 7
18 30 (0.12%) Mac OS
19 25 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,265 (38.11%) Agile
2 5,364 (22.06%) Analytics
3 4,682 (19.26%) Business Intelligence
4 4,672 (19.22%) Software Engineering
5 4,254 (17.50%) DevOps
6 4,056 (16.68%) CI/CD
7 3,997 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
8 3,190 (13.12%) Test Automation
9 2,974 (12.23%) Microservices
10 2,960 (12.18%) ETL
11 2,952 (12.14%) Data Science
12 2,584 (10.63%) Full Stack Development
13 2,552 (10.50%) Scrum
14 2,527 (10.39%) Data Modelling
15 2,376 (9.77%) Mentoring
16 2,371 (9.75%) TDD
17 2,332 (9.59%) Visualisation
18 2,326 (9.57%) Computer Science
19 2,113 (8.69%) Data Analysis
20 2,000 (8.23%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 8,129 (33.44%) Python
2 6,045 (24.87%) C#
3 5,316 (21.87%) JavaScript
4 4,684 (19.27%) Java
5 2,447 (10.07%) T-SQL
6 1,829 (7.52%) TypeScript
7 1,591 (6.54%) PowerShell
8 1,386 (5.70%) R
9 882 (3.63%) PHP
10 859 (3.53%) C++
11 714 (2.94%) Bash
12 712 (2.93%) Scala
13 688 (2.83%) Ruby
14 686 (2.82%) Shell Script
15 659 (2.71%) Go
16 640 (2.63%) PL/SQL
17 563 (2.32%) C
18 539 (2.22%) VBA
19 398 (1.64%) Kotlin
20 394 (1.62%) Perl
Qualifications
1 3,529 (14.52%) Degree
2 1,045 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 557 (2.29%) Security Cleared
4 370 (1.52%) SC Cleared
5 355 (1.46%) Master's Degree
6 317 (1.30%) Microsoft Certification
7 198 (0.81%) PhD
8 179 (0.74%) DBS Check
9 175 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
10 156 (0.64%) ISTQB
11 93 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
12 88 (0.36%) AWS Certification
13 83 (0.34%) MCSE
14 78 (0.32%) ISEB
15 74 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 67 (0.28%) MCSA
17 60 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
18 58 (0.24%) DV Cleared
19 57 (0.23%) PMI Certification
20 48 (0.20%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,872 (7.70%) QA
2 1,039 (4.27%) Data Quality
3 406 (1.67%) SLA
4 403 (1.66%) GDPR
5 182 (0.75%) Accessibility
6 156 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 88 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
8 66 (0.27%) PCI DSS
9 55 (0.23%) ISO 9001
10 52 (0.21%) IFRS
11 47 (0.19%) PMO
12 43 (0.18%) GRC
13 39 (0.16%) NIST
14 37 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
15 28 (0.12%) CDISC
16 25 (0.10%) IFRS 17
17 24 (0.099%) MiFID
18 22 (0.090%) HIPAA
18 22 (0.090%) IFRS 9
19 21 (0.086%) HL7
System Software
1 3,385 (13.92%) Docker
2 782 (3.22%) Active Directory
3 378 (1.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 207 (0.85%) Hyper-V
5 160 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
6 81 (0.33%) Apache Flume
7 77 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 74 (0.30%) vSphere
9 55 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
10 48 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
11 38 (0.16%) HDFS
12 36 (0.15%) Terminal Services
13 35 (0.14%) XenApp
14 32 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
15 22 (0.090%) Virtual Desktop
16 20 (0.082%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 20 (0.082%) XenDesktop
17 17 (0.070%) VirtualBox
18 16 (0.066%) Firmware
19 13 (0.053%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 3,101 (12.76%) Kubernetes
2 1,439 (5.92%) Terraform
3 614 (2.53%) Ansible
4 253 (1.04%) Prometheus
5 248 (1.02%) Grafana
6 247 (1.02%) Puppet
7 196 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
8 166 (0.68%) SCCM
9 127 (0.52%) Microsoft Intune
10 91 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
11 88 (0.36%) Oozie
12 84 (0.35%) Kibana
13 73 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
14 70 (0.29%) HAProxy
15 68 (0.28%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 64 (0.26%) Data Guard
17 57 (0.23%) Rancher
18 55 (0.23%) ZABBIX
19 50 (0.21%) WSUS
20 49 (0.20%) logstash
Vendors
1 4,999 (20.56%) Microsoft
2 2,235 (9.19%) Oracle
3 1,990 (8.19%) Google
4 639 (2.63%) Databricks
5 606 (2.49%) VMware
6 404 (1.66%) SAP
7 397 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
8 243 (1.00%) Alteryx
9 219 (0.90%) Informatica
10 206 (0.85%) Red Hat
11 188 (0.77%) IBM
11 188 (0.77%) Splunk
12 179 (0.74%) Northgate
13 174 (0.72%) Cisco
14 173 (0.71%) NEC
15 164 (0.67%) Citrix
16 162 (0.67%) Adobe
17 148 (0.61%) Cognos
18 138 (0.57%) Teradata
19 131 (0.54%) Bloomberg