Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 29,773 34,458 36,052
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.08% 20.51% 20.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.51% 37.05% 38.58%
Number of salaries quoted 25,375 29,288 31,655
England median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
UK median annual salary £48,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 81,549 93,005 93,437
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.01% 55.36% 53.15%
Number of salaries quoted 68,264 77,373 81,114
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,526 £60,000 +9.09% 1,694
South East 0 5,836 £45,000 +5.88% 753
North of England 0 4,200 £42,500 +6.25% 1,005
Midlands -1 2,619 £42,500 +6.25% 610
North West 0 2,186 £42,500 +6.25% 552
East of England 0 1,898 £43,000 -4.44% 377
Yorkshire 0 1,748 £42,500 - 378
South West -2 1,691 £40,000 - 390
West Midlands -1 1,564 £42,500 +6.25% 360
East Midlands +1 1,054 £40,000 +6.67% 250
North East -1 273 £45,000 +12.50% 75
South Coast - 4 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 9,877 (33.17%) SQL Server
2 9,746 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
3 9,706 (32.60%) C#
4 8,906 (29.91%) .NET
5 7,684 (25.81%) Finance
6 7,561 (25.40%) Microsoft
7 7,392 (24.83%) JavaScript
8 6,073 (20.40%) Java
9 5,470 (18.37%) HTML
10 4,785 (16.07%) Microsoft Azure
11 4,698 (15.78%) T-SQL
12 4,660 (15.65%) CSS
13 4,541 (15.25%) Business Intelligence
14 4,480 (15.05%) Windows
15 4,449 (14.94%) MVC
16 4,398 (14.77%) Python
17 4,322 (14.52%) Degree
18 4,164 (13.99%) ASP.NET
19 3,965 (13.32%) Oracle
20 3,778 (12.69%) Problem-Solving
21 3,777 (12.69%) Linux
22 3,565 (11.97%) Amazon AWS
23 3,378 (11.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 3,241 (10.89%) AngularJS
25 3,219 (10.81%) Software Engineering
26 3,201 (10.75%) Web Services
27 3,196 (10.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
28 3,182 (10.69%) TDD
29 3,160 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
30 3,118 (10.47%) Analytics

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,203 (4.04%) IIS
2 1,085 (3.64%) SharePoint
3 801 (2.69%) Apache Spark
4 690 (2.32%) Apache
5 560 (1.88%) Tomcat
6 545 (1.83%) SAS
7 533 (1.79%) CMS
8 512 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
9 487 (1.64%) Confluence
10 418 (1.40%) MS Exchange
11 289 (0.97%) JBoss
12 251 (0.84%) WebSphere
13 223 (0.75%) Umbraco
14 195 (0.65%) nginx
15 181 (0.61%) WebLogic
16 174 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
17 154 (0.52%) Skype for Business
18 143 (0.48%) WordPress
19 140 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 132 (0.44%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 1,711 (5.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 946 (3.18%) Microsoft Office
3 308 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 153 (0.51%) SPSS
5 138 (0.46%) MS Visio
6 83 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
7 60 (0.20%) Photoshop
8 40 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
9 33 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 26 (0.087%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 24 (0.081%) AutoCAD
12 18 (0.060%) Stata
13 17 (0.057%) InfoPath
14 14 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
15 7 (0.024%) GNU Octave
16 6 (0.020%) Windchill
17 5 (0.017%) Maya
18 4 (0.013%) 3ds Max
18 4 (0.013%) Doxygen
18 4 (0.013%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 539 (1.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 210 (0.71%) Dynamics NAV
3 208 (0.70%) Dynamics AX
4 146 (0.49%) Oracle EBS
5 124 (0.42%) thinkFolio
6 109 (0.37%) Markit EDM
7 87 (0.29%) Magento
8 84 (0.28%) NetSuite
9 78 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
10 75 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
11 65 (0.22%) Front Arena
12 60 (0.20%) Cognos TM1
13 48 (0.16%) SAP Business One
14 44 (0.15%) FastStats
15 43 (0.14%) Actimize
16 42 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
17 41 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
18 40 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
18 40 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
19 37 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 4,785 (16.07%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,565 (11.97%) Amazon AWS
3 948 (3.18%) SaaS
4 905 (3.04%) Office 365
5 542 (1.82%) PaaS
6 524 (1.76%) Google Cloud Platform
7 461 (1.55%) GitHub
8 395 (1.33%) IaaS
9 355 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
10 351 (1.18%) Amazon S3
11 316 (1.06%) Serverless
12 314 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
13 297 (1.00%) Azure Active Directory
14 244 (0.82%) Azure Data Factory
15 225 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
16 200 (0.67%) Google Analytics
17 179 (0.60%) Dynamics 365
18 155 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
19 153 (0.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 153 (0.51%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 754 (2.53%) Firewall
2 607 (2.04%) DNS
3 564 (1.89%) TCP/IP
4 477 (1.60%) Internet
5 394 (1.32%) SAN
6 384 (1.29%) HTTP
7 349 (1.17%) LAN
7 349 (1.17%) WAN
8 313 (1.05%) VPN
9 274 (0.92%) DHCP
10 227 (0.76%) Network Security
11 202 (0.68%) VLAN
12 192 (0.64%) Wi-Fi
13 174 (0.58%) SSL
14 162 (0.54%) Intranet
15 137 (0.46%) VoIP
16 134 (0.45%) Skype
17 112 (0.38%) NAS
18 110 (0.37%) FTP
19 98 (0.33%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9,877 (33.17%) SQL Server
2 3,378 (11.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,196 (10.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,890 (9.71%) Data Warehouse
5 2,353 (7.90%) NoSQL
6 2,339 (7.86%) Relational Database
7 1,886 (6.33%) MySQL
8 1,789 (6.01%) Power BI
9 1,770 (5.94%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,660 (5.58%) Big Data
11 1,174 (3.94%) MongoDB
12 1,117 (3.75%) PostgreSQL
13 1,026 (3.45%) SQL Server 2008
14 1,018 (3.42%) Hadoop
15 910 (3.06%) SQL Server 2012
16 907 (3.05%) Oracle Database
17 760 (2.55%) RDBMS
18 691 (2.32%) SQL Server 2016
19 687 (2.31%) Azure SQL Database
20 563 (1.89%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 3,039 (10.21%) Git (software)
2 1,787 (6.00%) Visual Studio
3 1,503 (5.05%) Jenkins
4 1,484 (4.98%) JIRA
5 1,456 (4.89%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,041 (3.50%) Selenium
7 742 (2.49%) TeamCity
8 627 (2.11%) Subversion
9 562 (1.89%) Maven
10 557 (1.87%) Octopus Deploy
11 555 (1.86%) JUnit
12 459 (1.54%) NUnit
13 444 (1.49%) Cucumber
14 410 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
15 400 (1.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 331 (1.11%) Eclipse
17 276 (0.93%) SpecFlow
18 231 (0.78%) WebDriver
19 226 (0.76%) SoapUI
20 208 (0.70%) Protractor
General
1 7,684 (25.81%) Finance
2 2,159 (7.25%) Banking
3 1,511 (5.08%) Retail
4 1,240 (4.16%) Marketing
5 804 (2.70%) Front Office
6 732 (2.46%) Advertising
7 634 (2.13%) Telecoms
8 609 (2.05%) Investment Banking
9 527 (1.77%) Manufacturing
10 506 (1.70%) Games
11 473 (1.59%) Legal
12 347 (1.17%) Back Office
13 322 (1.08%) Law
14 248 (0.83%) Financial Institution
15 209 (0.70%) Electronics
16 178 (0.60%) Publishing
17 177 (0.59%) Automotive
18 153 (0.51%) French Language
19 128 (0.43%) German Language
20 91 (0.31%) Billing
Job Titles
1 13,689 (45.98%) Developer
2 4,789 (16.09%) Analyst
3 3,568 (11.98%) .NET Developer
4 3,499 (11.75%) C# Developer
5 2,406 (8.08%) SQL Developer
6 2,279 (7.65%) Senior Developer
7 2,112 (7.09%) C# .NET Developer
8 1,900 (6.38%) Java Developer
9 1,888 (6.34%) Software Developer
10 1,380 (4.64%) Applications Support
11 1,307 (4.39%) DBA
12 1,186 (3.98%) Support Analyst
13 1,166 (3.92%) Architect
14 1,135 (3.81%) Software Engineer
15 1,127 (3.79%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,076 (3.61%) Consultant
17 1,032 (3.47%) Junior
18 967 (3.25%) SQL DBA
19 875 (2.94%) ASP.NET Developer
20 873 (2.93%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,906 (29.91%) .NET
2 5,470 (18.37%) HTML
3 4,660 (15.65%) CSS
4 4,164 (13.99%) ASP.NET
5 3,241 (10.89%) AngularJS
6 3,201 (10.75%) Web Services
7 2,295 (7.71%) XML
8 2,242 (7.53%) jQuery
9 1,957 (6.57%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,796 (6.03%) .NET Framework
11 1,792 (6.02%) ASP.NET Web API
12 1,759 (5.91%) Spring
13 1,744 (5.86%) REST
14 1,576 (5.29%) HTML5
15 1,498 (5.03%) RESTful
16 1,444 (4.85%) React
17 1,214 (4.08%) SOAP
18 1,195 (4.01%) JSON
19 1,146 (3.85%) WCF
20 1,090 (3.66%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 3,160 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
2 1,352 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
3 1,316 (4.42%) Fintech
4 967 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
5 864 (2.90%) Enterprise Software
6 813 (2.73%) Management Information System
7 753 (2.53%) Algorithms
8 738 (2.48%) User Experience
9 673 (2.26%) Data Structures
10 617 (2.07%) Hedge funds
11 571 (1.92%) Equities
12 546 (1.83%) Mobile App
13 533 (1.79%) Derivative
14 529 (1.78%) Fixed Income
15 523 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 434 (1.46%) Replication
17 425 (1.43%) Clustering
18 390 (1.31%) Data Centre
19 261 (0.88%) Virtual Team
20 256 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,480 (15.05%) Windows
2 3,777 (12.69%) Linux
3 1,839 (6.18%) Unix
4 1,608 (5.40%) Windows Server
5 495 (1.66%) Windows Server 2012
6 447 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
7 414 (1.39%) Android
8 388 (1.30%) Apple iOS
9 352 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 307 (1.03%) Windows 10
11 289 (0.97%) Windows 7
12 242 (0.81%) CentOS
13 187 (0.63%) Solaris
14 186 (0.62%) Ubuntu
15 121 (0.41%) AIX
16 114 (0.38%) Windows 8
17 112 (0.38%) Windows Server 2003
18 77 (0.26%) VMS
19 64 (0.21%) Mac OS
20 54 (0.18%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,746 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
2 4,541 (15.25%) Business Intelligence
3 4,449 (14.94%) MVC
4 3,778 (12.69%) Problem-Solving
5 3,219 (10.81%) Software Engineering
6 3,182 (10.69%) TDD
7 3,118 (10.47%) Analytics
8 2,762 (9.28%) Scrum
9 2,666 (8.95%) Test Automation
10 2,557 (8.59%) ETL
11 2,428 (8.16%) Computer Science
12 2,406 (8.08%) DevOps
13 2,157 (7.24%) Continuous Integration
14 2,037 (6.84%) SDLC
15 2,035 (6.84%) OO
16 1,726 (5.80%) Web Development
17 1,672 (5.62%) Microservices
18 1,586 (5.33%) Data Modelling
19 1,554 (5.22%) Mentoring
20 1,513 (5.08%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 9,706 (32.60%) C#
2 7,392 (24.83%) JavaScript
3 6,073 (20.40%) Java
4 4,698 (15.78%) T-SQL
5 4,398 (14.77%) Python
6 1,790 (6.01%) PowerShell
7 1,682 (5.65%) PL/SQL
8 1,545 (5.19%) C++
9 1,256 (4.22%) PHP
10 1,015 (3.41%) R
11 783 (2.63%) VB.NET
12 746 (2.51%) C
13 739 (2.48%) VBA
14 689 (2.31%) Scala
15 685 (2.30%) Bash Shell
16 661 (2.22%) Shell Script
17 658 (2.21%) Ruby
18 626 (2.10%) Perl
19 616 (2.07%) Java 8
20 585 (1.96%) VB
Qualifications
1 4,322 (14.52%) Degree
2 1,156 (3.88%) Computer Science Degree
3 578 (1.94%) Microsoft Certification
4 577 (1.94%) Security Cleared
5 324 (1.09%) ISEB
6 318 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 310 (1.04%) SC Cleared
8 269 (0.90%) MCSE
9 210 (0.71%) PhD
10 205 (0.69%) MCSA
11 198 (0.67%) Master's Degree
12 162 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
13 142 (0.48%) CISSP
14 134 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
15 128 (0.43%) SANS
16 119 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 114 (0.38%) DV Cleared
18 108 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
18 108 (0.36%) MCP
19 103 (0.35%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,730 (5.81%) QA
2 710 (2.38%) Data Quality
3 425 (1.43%) SLA
4 372 (1.25%) GDPR
5 269 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 142 (0.48%) PCI DSS
7 81 (0.27%) PMO
8 43 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
9 34 (0.11%) MiFID
10 33 (0.11%) Solvency II
11 26 (0.087%) FATCA
11 26 (0.087%) HL7
11 26 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 24 (0.081%) IFRS
13 21 (0.071%) HIPAA
13 21 (0.071%) IFRS 9
14 20 (0.067%) Actionable Recommendations
14 20 (0.067%) Dodd-Frank
15 19 (0.064%) ISO 9001
16 16 (0.054%) WAI
System Software
1 1,628 (5.47%) Active Directory
2 1,402 (4.71%) Docker
3 943 (3.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 553 (1.86%) Hyper-V
5 330 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
6 181 (0.61%) vSphere
7 147 (0.49%) XenApp
8 120 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
9 117 (0.39%) HDFS
10 112 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
11 87 (0.29%) XenDesktop
12 68 (0.23%) VirtualBox
13 55 (0.18%) Terminal Services
14 54 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
15 39 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 37 (0.12%) Apache Flume
17 35 (0.12%) Xen
17 35 (0.12%) XenServer
18 34 (0.11%) KVM
19 29 (0.097%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 809 (2.72%) Ansible
2 648 (2.18%) Puppet
3 621 (2.09%) Kubernetes
4 590 (1.98%) Opscode Chef
5 424 (1.42%) Terraform
6 359 (1.21%) SCCM
7 160 (0.54%) SCOM
8 123 (0.41%) Nagios
9 118 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
10 113 (0.38%) Oozie
11 102 (0.34%) Kibana
12 88 (0.30%) Prometheus
13 86 (0.29%) Salt
14 81 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
15 80 (0.27%) Data Guard
16 77 (0.26%) Control-M
16 77 (0.26%) Packer
17 75 (0.25%) Grafana
18 69 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
19 66 (0.22%) WSUS
Vendors
1 7,561 (25.40%) Microsoft
2 3,965 (13.32%) Oracle
3 1,476 (4.96%) Tableau
4 1,396 (4.69%) VMware
5 817 (2.74%) Google
6 740 (2.49%) SAP
7 546 (1.83%) Cisco
8 537 (1.80%) Citrix
9 455 (1.53%) Red Hat
10 422 (1.42%) IBM
11 355 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
12 337 (1.13%) Xamarin
13 296 (0.99%) Cognos
14 265 (0.89%) Informatica
14 265 (0.89%) Sybase
15 251 (0.84%) HP
16 230 (0.77%) Splunk
17 226 (0.76%) Adobe
18 220 (0.74%) Atlassian
19 202 (0.68%) Sitecore