Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 33,951 34,103 40,087
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.05% 21.02% 21.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.32% 38.03% 40.37%
Number of salaries quoted 28,631 29,405 35,406
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,964 89,681 99,305
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 56.40% 55.27% 52.51%
Number of salaries quoted 76,306 76,445 86,708
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,750 £28,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,300
% change year-on-year +5.26% +0.42% +5.11%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 14,258 £57,500 +4.55% 1,607
South East -1 6,615 £45,000 +5.88% 800
North of England 0 5,108 £42,500 +6.25% 851
Midlands -2 3,253 £40,000 - 529
North West 0 2,681 £40,750 +1.88% 494
East of England +1 2,446 £45,000 +5.88% 273
South West 0 2,170 £40,000 - 336
Yorkshire 0 2,072 £42,500 +5.59% 300
West Midlands -2 1,934 £41,450 +3.63% 289
East Midlands 0 1,318 £40,000 - 239
North East +1 357 £42,500 +15.65% 57
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,357 (33.45%) SQL Server
2 11,029 (32.49%) C#
3 10,537 (31.04%) Agile Software Development
4 10,277 (30.27%) .NET
5 8,947 (26.35%) JavaScript
6 8,785 (25.88%) Microsoft
7 8,719 (25.68%) Finance
8 6,843 (20.16%) Java
9 6,740 (19.85%) HTML
10 5,860 (17.26%) CSS
11 5,235 (15.42%) T-SQL
12 5,203 (15.33%) MVC
13 5,044 (14.86%) ASP.NET
14 5,028 (14.81%) Degree
15 4,996 (14.72%) Business Intelligence
16 4,866 (14.33%) Windows
17 4,789 (14.11%) Oracle
18 4,459 (13.13%) Problem-Solving
19 4,431 (13.05%) Microsoft Azure
20 4,001 (11.78%) Linux
21 3,962 (11.67%) Python
22 3,926 (11.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
23 3,907 (11.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 3,758 (11.07%) AngularJS
25 3,703 (10.91%) Software Engineering
26 3,685 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
27 3,647 (10.74%) TDD
28 3,405 (10.03%) Web Services
29 3,362 (9.90%) Git (software)
30 3,299 (9.72%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,178 (3.47%) IIS
2 1,107 (3.26%) SharePoint
3 918 (2.70%) Apache Spark
4 750 (2.21%) Apache
5 653 (1.92%) Tomcat
6 635 (1.87%) SAS
7 625 (1.84%) Confluence
8 599 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
9 525 (1.55%) CMS
10 497 (1.46%) MS Exchange
11 412 (1.21%) JBoss
12 373 (1.10%) WebSphere
13 287 (0.85%) WebLogic
14 265 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 228 (0.67%) Umbraco
16 197 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
17 191 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2010
18 173 (0.51%) nginx
19 172 (0.51%) Skype for Business
20 162 (0.48%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 1,828 (5.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 991 (2.92%) Microsoft Office
3 224 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 163 (0.48%) MS Visio
5 137 (0.40%) SPSS
6 123 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 95 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
8 56 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 51 (0.15%) Photoshop
10 36 (0.11%) InfoPath
11 14 (0.041%) GNU Octave
12 12 (0.035%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 12 (0.035%) AutoCAD
13 9 (0.027%) Revit
14 7 (0.021%) InVision
14 7 (0.021%) Weka
15 6 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
15 6 (0.018%) Stata
16 4 (0.012%) ProjectWise
17 3 (0.009%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 497 (1.46%) Dynamics NAV
2 488 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
3 319 (0.94%) Dynamics AX
4 222 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
5 182 (0.54%) NetSuite
6 128 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
7 127 (0.37%) thinkFolio
8 121 (0.36%) Markit EDM
9 117 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
10 115 (0.34%) Elite 3E
11 100 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
12 88 (0.26%) Magento
12 88 (0.26%) SAP Business One
13 77 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
14 76 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
15 72 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
16 71 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
17 63 (0.19%) Relativity
18 60 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
19 58 (0.17%) Oracle 11i
Cloud Services
1 4,431 (13.05%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,294 (9.70%) Amazon AWS
3 814 (2.40%) SaaS
4 790 (2.33%) Office 365
5 679 (2.00%) GitHub
6 435 (1.28%) IaaS
7 417 (1.23%) PaaS
8 351 (1.03%) Google Cloud Platform
9 342 (1.01%) Azure Data Factory
10 327 (0.96%) Amazon S3
11 320 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
12 305 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
13 275 (0.81%) Serverless
14 255 (0.75%) Dynamics 365
15 218 (0.64%) Google Analytics
16 202 (0.59%) Azure Active Directory
17 197 (0.58%) npm
18 189 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
19 130 (0.38%) Amazon SQS
20 113 (0.33%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
Communications & Networking
1 633 (1.86%) Firewall
2 615 (1.81%) DNS
3 600 (1.77%) TCP/IP
4 456 (1.34%) SAN
5 442 (1.30%) HTTP
6 433 (1.28%) Internet
7 343 (1.01%) DHCP
7 343 (1.01%) WAN
8 321 (0.95%) LAN
9 287 (0.85%) VPN
10 260 (0.77%) SMS
11 197 (0.58%) SSL
12 188 (0.55%) Intranet
13 169 (0.50%) Skype
14 153 (0.45%) VLAN
15 132 (0.39%) NAS
16 128 (0.38%) VoIP
17 112 (0.33%) FTP
18 104 (0.31%) Wireless
19 94 (0.28%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,357 (33.45%) SQL Server
2 3,926 (11.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 3,907 (11.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 2,923 (8.61%) Data Warehouse
5 2,560 (7.54%) NoSQL
6 2,412 (7.10%) MySQL
7 2,379 (7.01%) Relational Database
8 2,276 (6.70%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,975 (5.82%) Big Data
10 1,721 (5.07%) Power BI
11 1,321 (3.89%) MongoDB
12 1,238 (3.65%) Hadoop
13 1,166 (3.43%) PostgreSQL
14 1,141 (3.36%) Oracle Database
15 1,102 (3.25%) SQL Server 2008
16 1,005 (2.96%) SQL Server 2012
17 764 (2.25%) SQL Server 2016
18 727 (2.14%) RDBMS
19 699 (2.06%) SQL Server 2014
20 550 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,362 (9.90%) Git (software)
2 1,908 (5.62%) Visual Studio
3 1,648 (4.85%) JIRA
4 1,580 (4.65%) Team Foundation Server
5 1,472 (4.34%) Jenkins
6 1,392 (4.10%) Selenium
7 950 (2.80%) Subversion
8 744 (2.19%) Maven
9 743 (2.19%) JUnit
10 711 (2.09%) TeamCity
11 572 (1.68%) Octopus Deploy
12 541 (1.59%) Cucumber
13 517 (1.52%) NUnit
14 379 (1.12%) Visual Studio Team System
15 327 (0.96%) SoapUI
16 324 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 317 (0.93%) Eclipse
18 306 (0.90%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
19 297 (0.87%) WebDriver
20 267 (0.79%) Bitbucket
General
1 8,719 (25.68%) Finance
2 2,305 (6.79%) Banking
3 1,964 (5.78%) Retail
4 1,501 (4.42%) Advertising
5 1,402 (4.13%) Marketing
6 873 (2.57%) Front Office
7 746 (2.20%) Investment Banking
8 716 (2.11%) Games
9 708 (2.09%) Manufacturing
10 649 (1.91%) Telecoms
11 605 (1.78%) Legal
12 506 (1.49%) Financial Institution
13 465 (1.37%) Law
14 376 (1.11%) Back Office
15 231 (0.68%) Automotive
16 203 (0.60%) Electronics
17 147 (0.43%) Billing
17 147 (0.43%) Publishing
18 129 (0.38%) German Language
19 112 (0.33%) French Language
Job Titles
1 15,636 (46.05%) Developer
2 5,490 (16.17%) Analyst
3 4,280 (12.61%) .NET Developer
4 4,157 (12.24%) C# Developer
5 2,836 (8.35%) SQL Developer
6 2,629 (7.74%) Senior Developer
7 2,591 (7.63%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,368 (6.97%) Java Developer
9 2,345 (6.91%) Software Developer
10 1,710 (5.04%) Consultant
11 1,603 (4.72%) Applications Support
12 1,439 (4.24%) DBA
13 1,414 (4.16%) Support Analyst
14 1,387 (4.09%) Software Engineer
15 1,249 (3.68%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,190 (3.51%) Junior
17 1,146 (3.38%) Architect
18 1,063 (3.13%) ASP.NET Developer
19 1,053 (3.10%) SQL DBA
20 1,047 (3.08%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,277 (30.27%) .NET
2 6,740 (19.85%) HTML
3 5,860 (17.26%) CSS
4 5,044 (14.86%) ASP.NET
5 3,758 (11.07%) AngularJS
6 3,405 (10.03%) Web Services
7 2,880 (8.48%) jQuery
8 2,645 (7.79%) XML
9 2,448 (7.21%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,362 (6.96%) .NET Framework
11 1,920 (5.66%) Spring
12 1,915 (5.64%) REST
13 1,859 (5.48%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1,841 (5.42%) HTML5
15 1,743 (5.13%) RESTful
16 1,503 (4.43%) WCF
17 1,453 (4.28%) React
18 1,344 (3.96%) Entity Framework
19 1,329 (3.91%) Node.js
20 1,218 (3.59%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 3,685 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
2 2,803 (8.26%) Computer Science
3 1,420 (4.18%) Greenfield Project
4 1,289 (3.80%) Fintech
5 1,190 (3.51%) Self-Motivation
6 1,002 (2.95%) User Experience
7 910 (2.68%) Management Information System
8 888 (2.62%) Enterprise Software
9 782 (2.30%) Mobile App
10 769 (2.27%) Algorithms
11 566 (1.67%) Fixed Income
12 553 (1.63%) Data Structures
13 533 (1.57%) Equities
14 518 (1.53%) Replication
15 509 (1.50%) Hedge funds
16 487 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 470 (1.38%) Derivative
18 469 (1.38%) Clustering
19 366 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
20 360 (1.06%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 4,866 (14.33%) Windows
2 4,001 (11.78%) Linux
3 2,077 (6.12%) Unix
4 1,683 (4.96%) Windows Server
5 647 (1.91%) Windows Server 2008
6 585 (1.72%) Windows Server 2012
7 571 (1.68%) Android
8 400 (1.18%) Apple iOS
9 394 (1.16%) Windows 7
10 297 (0.87%) Windows 10
11 264 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 189 (0.56%) Solaris
13 163 (0.48%) CentOS
14 136 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
15 128 (0.38%) Windows 8
16 119 (0.35%) Ubuntu
16 119 (0.35%) VMS
17 79 (0.23%) AIX
18 63 (0.19%) Debian
19 60 (0.18%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,537 (31.04%) Agile Software Development
2 5,203 (15.33%) MVC
3 4,996 (14.72%) Business Intelligence
4 4,459 (13.13%) Problem-Solving
5 3,703 (10.91%) Software Engineering
6 3,647 (10.74%) TDD
7 3,299 (9.72%) Scrum
8 3,247 (9.56%) Analytics
9 3,059 (9.01%) Test Automation
10 2,673 (7.87%) ETL
11 2,535 (7.47%) SDLC
12 2,515 (7.41%) OO
13 2,458 (7.24%) Continuous Integration
14 2,360 (6.95%) Web Development
15 2,322 (6.84%) DevOps
16 1,744 (5.14%) ITIL
17 1,729 (5.09%) Unit Testing
18 1,649 (4.86%) Data Modelling
19 1,623 (4.78%) Mentoring
20 1,601 (4.72%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11,029 (32.49%) C#
2 8,947 (26.35%) JavaScript
3 6,843 (20.16%) Java
4 5,235 (15.42%) T-SQL
5 3,962 (11.67%) Python
6 1,750 (5.15%) PL/SQL
7 1,729 (5.09%) PowerShell
8 1,631 (4.80%) C++
9 1,544 (4.55%) PHP
10 1,024 (3.02%) VB.NET
11 997 (2.94%) C
12 981 (2.89%) R
13 871 (2.57%) VBA
14 855 (2.52%) Scala
15 776 (2.29%) Ruby
16 717 (2.11%) VB
17 708 (2.09%) Perl
18 706 (2.08%) Shell Script
19 689 (2.03%) Bash Shell
20 665 (1.96%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 5,028 (14.81%) Degree
2 1,265 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 772 (2.27%) Microsoft Certification
4 637 (1.88%) Security Cleared
5 370 (1.09%) ISTQB
6 335 (0.99%) ISEB
7 302 (0.89%) SC Cleared
8 295 (0.87%) MCSE
9 242 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
10 220 (0.65%) MCSA
11 203 (0.60%) PhD
12 194 (0.57%) Master's Degree
13 181 (0.53%) DV Cleared
14 160 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 156 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
16 142 (0.42%) MCP
17 117 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
18 100 (0.29%) CCNA
19 79 (0.23%) MCITP
19 79 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,922 (5.66%) QA
2 704 (2.07%) Data Quality
3 450 (1.33%) SLA
4 217 (0.64%) GDPR
5 147 (0.43%) PCI DSS
6 126 (0.37%) PMO
7 92 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 69 (0.20%) MiFID
9 56 (0.16%) GCP
10 37 (0.11%) Solvency II
11 35 (0.10%) ISO 9001
12 25 (0.074%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 21 (0.062%) EMIR
13 21 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 18 (0.053%) Disclosure Scotland
15 17 (0.050%) COBIT
16 16 (0.047%) Cyber Essentials
16 16 (0.047%) IFRS
16 16 (0.047%) SEPA
17 12 (0.035%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,653 (4.87%) Active Directory
2 1,262 (3.72%) Docker
3 732 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 517 (1.52%) Hyper-V
5 339 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
6 197 (0.58%) vSphere
7 195 (0.57%) HDFS
8 143 (0.42%) XenApp
9 120 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
10 111 (0.33%) XenDesktop
11 102 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
12 72 (0.21%) VirtualBox
13 68 (0.20%) Apache Flume
14 56 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 39 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
16 38 (0.11%) Terminal Services
17 33 (0.097%) Xen
18 32 (0.094%) XenServer
19 28 (0.082%) DFS Replication
20 27 (0.080%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 702 (2.07%) Ansible
2 605 (1.78%) Puppet
3 535 (1.58%) Opscode Chef
4 393 (1.16%) Kubernetes
5 307 (0.90%) SCCM
6 236 (0.70%) Terraform
7 157 (0.46%) SCOM
8 135 (0.40%) Kibana
9 128 (0.38%) Nagios
10 123 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 112 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
12 96 (0.28%) logstash
13 95 (0.28%) Failover Clustering
14 93 (0.27%) Data Guard
15 87 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
16 84 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
16 84 (0.25%) Microsoft Clustering
17 73 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
18 65 (0.19%) WSUS
19 62 (0.18%) Rancher
Vendors
1 8,785 (25.88%) Microsoft
2 4,789 (14.11%) Oracle
3 1,384 (4.08%) Tableau
4 1,297 (3.82%) VMware
5 930 (2.74%) Google
6 781 (2.30%) SAP
7 494 (1.46%) Citrix
8 480 (1.41%) Cisco
9 450 (1.33%) IBM
10 448 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
11 434 (1.28%) Xamarin
12 372 (1.10%) Sybase
13 351 (1.03%) HP
14 307 (0.90%) Red Hat
15 304 (0.90%) Informatica
16 295 (0.87%) Capita
17 277 (0.82%) WorldPay
18 276 (0.81%) Cognos
19 257 (0.76%) Talend
20 244 (0.72%) Sage