Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 33,118 34,913 38,977
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.91% 20.97% 20.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.29% 37.72% 39.56%
Number of salaries quoted 27,869 29,734 34,430
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £29,250 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +3.45%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 88,807 92,568 98,522
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 56.06% 55.60% 52.64%
Number of salaries quoted 74,223 77,290 86,142
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 14,327 £60,000 +7.14% 1,546
South East -1 6,273 £45,000 +5.88% 756
North of England 0 4,883 £42,500 +6.25% 793
Midlands -1 3,117 £40,377 +0.94% 527
North West 0 2,555 £42,500 +6.25% 430
East of England +2 2,348 £45,000 +5.88% 298
South West -1 2,076 £40,000 +2.56% 316
Yorkshire 0 1,986 £42,500 - 317
West Midlands -2 1,834 £41,450 +3.63% 301
East Midlands 0 1,282 £40,000 +2.56% 226
North East -2 344 £42,500 +6.25% 46
South Coast - 2 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,076 (33.44%) SQL Server
2 10,697 (32.30%) C#
3 10,332 (31.20%) Agile Software Development
4 9,873 (29.81%) .NET
5 8,907 (26.89%) Finance
6 8,606 (25.99%) Microsoft
7 8,605 (25.98%) JavaScript
8 6,852 (20.69%) Java
9 6,369 (19.23%) HTML
10 5,527 (16.69%) CSS
11 5,175 (15.63%) T-SQL
12 4,983 (15.05%) Degree
13 4,960 (14.98%) MVC
14 4,914 (14.84%) Business Intelligence
15 4,738 (14.31%) ASP.NET
16 4,718 (14.25%) Windows
17 4,608 (13.91%) Oracle
18 4,567 (13.79%) Microsoft Azure
19 4,453 (13.45%) Problem-Solving
20 4,196 (12.67%) Python
21 3,937 (11.89%) Linux
22 3,902 (11.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 3,814 (11.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
24 3,659 (11.05%) Analytical Skills
25 3,616 (10.92%) AngularJS
26 3,567 (10.77%) TDD
27 3,518 (10.62%) Software Engineering
28 3,427 (10.35%) Amazon AWS
29 3,389 (10.23%) Web Services
30 3,374 (10.19%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,183 (3.57%) IIS
2 1,063 (3.21%) SharePoint
3 914 (2.76%) Apache Spark
4 750 (2.26%) Apache
5 642 (1.94%) Confluence
6 634 (1.91%) Tomcat
7 605 (1.83%) SAS
8 572 (1.73%) Elasticsearch
9 536 (1.62%) CMS
10 462 (1.40%) MS Exchange
11 363 (1.10%) JBoss
12 330 (1.00%) WebSphere
13 293 (0.88%) WebLogic
14 220 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 220 (0.66%) Umbraco
15 192 (0.58%) nginx
16 179 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
17 158 (0.48%) Exchange Server 2010
18 156 (0.47%) Skype for Business
19 143 (0.43%) Ethereum
Applications
1 1,892 (5.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,008 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
3 249 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 159 (0.48%) SPSS
5 154 (0.47%) MS Visio
6 117 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 88 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
8 56 (0.17%) Chatbot
9 41 (0.12%) Photoshop
10 28 (0.085%) InfoPath
11 15 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 13 (0.039%) GNU Octave
12 13 (0.039%) Stata
13 10 (0.030%) AutoCAD
14 6 (0.018%) InVision
15 5 (0.015%) Revit
16 4 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
16 4 (0.012%) Doxygen
16 4 (0.012%) ProjectWise
17 3 (0.009%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 498 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 450 (1.36%) Dynamics NAV
3 313 (0.95%) Dynamics AX
4 174 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
5 154 (0.47%) thinkFolio
6 152 (0.46%) Markit EDM
6 152 (0.46%) NetSuite
7 98 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
8 97 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
9 84 (0.25%) Magento
10 81 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
11 77 (0.23%) Front Arena
12 74 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
13 73 (0.22%) Elite 3E
14 66 (0.20%) SAP Business One
15 58 (0.18%) Relativity
16 56 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
17 52 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
18 51 (0.15%) Eloqua
19 48 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 4,567 (13.79%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,427 (10.35%) Amazon AWS
3 823 (2.49%) SaaS
4 802 (2.42%) Office 365
5 656 (1.98%) GitHub
6 447 (1.35%) PaaS
7 436 (1.32%) IaaS
8 388 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
9 385 (1.16%) Amazon S3
10 347 (1.05%) Google Cloud Platform
11 335 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
12 295 (0.89%) Azure Data Factory
13 277 (0.84%) Serverless
14 242 (0.73%) Dynamics 365
15 217 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
16 212 (0.64%) Azure Active Directory
17 209 (0.63%) Google Analytics
18 195 (0.59%) npm
19 139 (0.42%) Amazon SQS
20 122 (0.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 634 (1.91%) Firewall
2 606 (1.83%) DNS
3 595 (1.80%) TCP/IP
4 468 (1.41%) Internet
5 465 (1.40%) SAN
6 408 (1.23%) HTTP
7 322 (0.97%) WAN
8 307 (0.93%) LAN
9 301 (0.91%) DHCP
10 299 (0.90%) VPN
11 247 (0.75%) SMS
12 201 (0.61%) SSL
13 166 (0.50%) VLAN
14 161 (0.49%) Skype
15 159 (0.48%) Intranet
16 147 (0.44%) NAS
17 108 (0.33%) VoIP
18 97 (0.29%) FTP
19 94 (0.28%) Wireless
20 93 (0.28%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,076 (33.44%) SQL Server
2 3,902 (11.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,814 (11.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3,084 (9.31%) Data Warehouse
5 2,552 (7.71%) NoSQL
6 2,520 (7.61%) Relational Database
7 2,309 (6.97%) MySQL
8 2,187 (6.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,992 (6.01%) Big Data
10 1,801 (5.44%) Power BI
11 1,348 (4.07%) MongoDB
12 1,223 (3.69%) Hadoop
13 1,177 (3.55%) PostgreSQL
14 1,100 (3.32%) SQL Server 2008
15 1,052 (3.18%) SQL Server 2012
16 1,051 (3.17%) Oracle Database
17 777 (2.35%) RDBMS
18 732 (2.21%) SQL Server 2016
19 617 (1.86%) SQL Server 2014
20 607 (1.83%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,374 (10.19%) Git (software)
2 1,860 (5.62%) Visual Studio
3 1,649 (4.98%) Team Foundation Server
4 1,645 (4.97%) JIRA
5 1,552 (4.69%) Jenkins
6 1,305 (3.94%) Selenium
7 851 (2.57%) Subversion
8 797 (2.41%) TeamCity
9 747 (2.26%) JUnit
10 707 (2.13%) Maven
11 600 (1.81%) Octopus Deploy
12 492 (1.49%) NUnit
13 491 (1.48%) Cucumber
14 443 (1.34%) Visual Studio Team System
15 367 (1.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 363 (1.10%) Eclipse
17 301 (0.91%) SoapUI
18 285 (0.86%) Protractor
19 284 (0.86%) SpecFlow
20 282 (0.85%) WebDriver
General
1 8,907 (26.89%) Finance
2 2,429 (7.33%) Banking
3 1,889 (5.70%) Retail
4 1,391 (4.20%) Marketing
5 1,307 (3.95%) Advertising
6 933 (2.82%) Front Office
7 799 (2.41%) Investment Banking
8 676 (2.04%) Manufacturing
9 663 (2.00%) Games
10 628 (1.90%) Telecoms
11 546 (1.65%) Legal
12 528 (1.59%) Financial Institution
13 393 (1.19%) Law
14 391 (1.18%) Back Office
15 233 (0.70%) Automotive
16 217 (0.66%) Electronics
17 140 (0.42%) German Language
17 140 (0.42%) Publishing
18 135 (0.41%) French Language
19 117 (0.35%) Billing
Job Titles
1 15,347 (46.34%) Developer
2 5,406 (16.32%) Analyst
3 4,168 (12.59%) .NET Developer
4 4,014 (12.12%) C# Developer
5 2,904 (8.77%) SQL Developer
6 2,598 (7.84%) Senior Developer
7 2,483 (7.50%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,274 (6.87%) Java Developer
9 2,182 (6.59%) Software Developer
10 1,566 (4.73%) Applications Support
11 1,560 (4.71%) Consultant
12 1,408 (4.25%) DBA
13 1,360 (4.11%) Support Analyst
14 1,298 (3.92%) Software Engineer
15 1,268 (3.83%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,185 (3.58%) Junior
17 1,140 (3.44%) Architect
18 1,016 (3.07%) SQL DBA
19 1,007 (3.04%) ASP.NET Developer
20 981 (2.96%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,873 (29.81%) .NET
2 6,369 (19.23%) HTML
3 5,527 (16.69%) CSS
4 4,738 (14.31%) ASP.NET
5 3,616 (10.92%) AngularJS
6 3,389 (10.23%) Web Services
7 2,660 (8.03%) jQuery
8 2,545 (7.68%) XML
9 2,328 (7.03%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,252 (6.80%) .NET Framework
11 1,912 (5.77%) REST
12 1,893 (5.72%) Spring
13 1,888 (5.70%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1,817 (5.49%) HTML5
15 1,670 (5.04%) RESTful
16 1,443 (4.36%) React
17 1,359 (4.10%) WCF
18 1,290 (3.90%) Entity Framework
19 1,265 (3.82%) Node.js
20 1,225 (3.70%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3,659 (11.05%) Analytical Skills
2 2,724 (8.23%) Computer Science
3 1,395 (4.21%) Greenfield Project
4 1,330 (4.02%) Fintech
5 1,067 (3.22%) Self-Motivation
6 921 (2.78%) User Experience
7 909 (2.74%) Enterprise Software
8 828 (2.50%) Management Information System
9 774 (2.34%) Algorithms
10 747 (2.26%) Mobile App
11 641 (1.94%) Fixed Income
12 639 (1.93%) Equities
13 599 (1.81%) Data Structures
14 584 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 567 (1.71%) Derivative
16 563 (1.70%) Hedge funds
17 499 (1.51%) Replication
18 430 (1.30%) Clustering
19 367 (1.11%) Data Centre
20 319 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,718 (14.25%) Windows
2 3,937 (11.89%) Linux
3 2,059 (6.22%) Unix
4 1,631 (4.92%) Windows Server
5 590 (1.78%) Windows Server 2008
6 566 (1.71%) Windows Server 2012
7 518 (1.56%) Android
8 387 (1.17%) Apple iOS
9 346 (1.04%) Windows 7
10 324 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 273 (0.82%) Windows 10
12 193 (0.58%) Solaris
13 166 (0.50%) CentOS
14 140 (0.42%) Ubuntu
15 123 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
16 119 (0.36%) VMS
17 116 (0.35%) Windows 8
18 86 (0.26%) AIX
19 71 (0.21%) Mac OS
20 57 (0.17%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,332 (31.20%) Agile Software Development
2 4,960 (14.98%) MVC
3 4,914 (14.84%) Business Intelligence
4 4,453 (13.45%) Problem-Solving
5 3,567 (10.77%) TDD
6 3,518 (10.62%) Software Engineering
7 3,264 (9.86%) Analytics
8 3,126 (9.44%) Scrum
9 2,959 (8.93%) Test Automation
10 2,778 (8.39%) ETL
11 2,465 (7.44%) SDLC
12 2,464 (7.44%) Continuous Integration
13 2,459 (7.42%) DevOps
14 2,399 (7.24%) OO
15 2,101 (6.34%) Web Development
16 1,704 (5.15%) Unit Testing
17 1,678 (5.07%) ITIL
18 1,676 (5.06%) Data Modelling
19 1,614 (4.87%) Mentoring
20 1,598 (4.83%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 10,697 (32.30%) C#
2 8,605 (25.98%) JavaScript
3 6,852 (20.69%) Java
4 5,175 (15.63%) T-SQL
5 4,196 (12.67%) Python
6 1,803 (5.44%) PL/SQL
7 1,757 (5.31%) PowerShell
8 1,694 (5.12%) C++
9 1,386 (4.19%) PHP
10 951 (2.87%) VB.NET
11 945 (2.85%) R
12 934 (2.82%) C
13 874 (2.64%) VBA
14 868 (2.62%) Scala
15 748 (2.26%) Shell Script
16 714 (2.16%) Ruby
17 708 (2.14%) Bash Shell
18 677 (2.04%) Perl
19 670 (2.02%) Java 8
20 648 (1.96%) VB
Qualifications
1 4,983 (15.05%) Degree
2 1,291 (3.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 711 (2.15%) Microsoft Certification
4 649 (1.96%) Security Cleared
5 326 (0.98%) ISTQB
6 294 (0.89%) SC Cleared
7 289 (0.87%) MCSE
8 274 (0.83%) ISEB
9 244 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
10 210 (0.63%) Master's Degree
11 202 (0.61%) MCSA
12 200 (0.60%) PhD
13 175 (0.53%) DV Cleared
14 142 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
15 137 (0.41%) MCP
16 115 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
17 105 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 103 (0.31%) CCNA
19 83 (0.25%) PMI Certification
20 69 (0.21%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,778 (5.37%) QA
2 661 (2.00%) Data Quality
3 433 (1.31%) SLA
4 222 (0.67%) GDPR
5 128 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 127 (0.38%) PCI DSS
7 112 (0.34%) PMO
8 59 (0.18%) GCP
9 48 (0.14%) MiFID
10 31 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 30 (0.091%) ISO 9001
12 25 (0.075%) IFRS
13 21 (0.063%) IFRS 9
13 21 (0.063%) Solvency II
14 19 (0.057%) Cyber Essentials
14 19 (0.057%) EMIR
15 18 (0.054%) FATCA
16 17 (0.051%) Actionable Recommendations
17 15 (0.045%) Dodd-Frank
17 15 (0.045%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,619 (4.89%) Active Directory
2 1,311 (3.96%) Docker
3 794 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 529 (1.60%) Hyper-V
5 340 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
6 230 (0.69%) vSphere
7 205 (0.62%) HDFS
8 158 (0.48%) XenApp
9 150 (0.45%) Oracle RAC
10 113 (0.34%) XenDesktop
11 87 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
12 80 (0.24%) VirtualBox
13 56 (0.17%) Apache Flume
14 55 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
15 54 (0.16%) Terminal Services
16 46 (0.14%) Xen
17 43 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
18 40 (0.12%) XenServer
19 31 (0.094%) Firmware
20 30 (0.091%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 787 (2.38%) Ansible
2 605 (1.83%) Puppet
3 583 (1.76%) Opscode Chef
4 498 (1.50%) Kubernetes
5 339 (1.02%) SCCM
6 308 (0.93%) Terraform
7 176 (0.53%) SCOM
8 142 (0.43%) Kibana
9 135 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
10 132 (0.40%) Nagios
11 119 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 107 (0.32%) logstash
13 98 (0.30%) Data Guard
14 90 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
15 84 (0.25%) Failover Clustering
15 84 (0.25%) Microsoft Clustering
16 76 (0.23%) Control-M
17 75 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
18 70 (0.21%) Oozie
19 68 (0.21%) Rancher
Vendors
1 8,606 (25.99%) Microsoft
2 4,608 (13.91%) Oracle
3 1,368 (4.13%) Tableau
4 1,299 (3.92%) VMware
5 877 (2.65%) Google
6 745 (2.25%) SAP
7 507 (1.53%) Citrix
8 472 (1.43%) Cisco
9 462 (1.40%) Xamarin
10 444 (1.34%) IBM
11 421 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
12 380 (1.15%) Sybase
13 364 (1.10%) Red Hat
14 334 (1.01%) Informatica
15 319 (0.96%) HP
16 306 (0.92%) Capita
17 272 (0.82%) Cognos
18 262 (0.79%) Atlassian
18 262 (0.79%) WorldPay
19 251 (0.76%) Talend