Period
to 25 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 9,472 22,961 30,012
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 18.91% 18.42% 20.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.05% 34.19% 36.44%
Number of salaries quoted 9,564 20,474 26,695
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £81,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,557 67,163 82,349
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 59.00% 53.88% 55.36%
Number of salaries quoted 25,557 55,892 69,156
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Salary trend for SQL in England

SQL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 25 November 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 25 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 3,988 £65,000 +7.00% 640
North of England +1 1,708 £48,000 +12.94% 423
South East -2 1,610 £50,000 +11.11% 313
Midlands 0 1,032 £46,125 +8.53% 256
North West 0 921 £50,000 +17.65% 251
Yorkshire +1 658 £47,500 +11.76% 136
South West 0 658 £45,000 +9.09% 146
West Midlands -1 622 £45,000 - 147
East Midlands +3 406 £47,500 +18.75% 108
East of England -1 392 £50,000 +6.95% 125
North East 0 128 £47,500 +11.76% 36
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 25 November 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,025 (31.94%) Azure
2 3,022 (31.90%) Agile Software Development
3 2,828 (29.86%) C#
4 2,642 (27.89%) .NET
5 2,607 (27.52%) SQL Server
6 2,476 (26.14%) JavaScript
7 2,269 (23.95%) Python
8 2,136 (22.55%) Microsoft
9 2,083 (21.99%) Finance
10 1,876 (19.81%) Java
11 1,810 (19.11%) AWS
12 1,774 (18.73%) DevOps
13 1,546 (16.32%) Business Intelligence
14 1,479 (15.61%) HTML
15 1,379 (14.56%) CSS
16 1,296 (13.68%) Degree
17 1,274 (13.45%) Analytics
18 1,188 (12.54%) Software Engineering
19 1,184 (12.50%) Git (software)
20 1,172 (12.37%) AngularJS
21 1,128 (11.91%) Windows
22 1,103 (11.64%) T-SQL
23 1,044 (11.02%) Power Platform
24 1,032 (10.90%) .NET Core
24 1,032 (10.90%) Oracle
25 994 (10.49%) NoSQL
26 982 (10.37%) ASP.NET
27 981 (10.36%) Microservices
28 979 (10.34%) Data Warehouse
29 978 (10.33%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 379 (4.00%) SharePoint
2 298 (3.15%) Apache Spark
3 269 (2.84%) Apache
4 243 (2.57%) IIS
5 233 (2.46%) Elasticsearch
6 209 (2.21%) Confluence
7 137 (1.45%) SAS
8 98 (1.03%) CMS
9 78 (0.82%) Apache Airflow
10 70 (0.74%) MS Exchange
11 68 (0.72%) Tomcat
12 66 (0.70%) nginx
13 49 (0.52%) WebSphere
14 47 (0.50%) NServiceBus
15 42 (0.44%) WebLogic
16 36 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2013
16 36 (0.38%) Skype for Business
17 27 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 26 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
19 23 (0.24%) JBoss
Applications
1 429 (4.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 179 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
3 42 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 37 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 23 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
6 19 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 13 (0.14%) SPSS
8 10 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 10 (0.11%) InVision
8 10 (0.11%) Sketch
9 5 (0.053%) Adobe XD
9 5 (0.053%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.032%) SPSS Modeler
11 2 (0.021%) Acrobat
11 2 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.021%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.021%) Quantrix
11 2 (0.021%) S-PLUS
11 2 (0.021%) Stata
12 1 (0.011%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 186 (1.96%) Dynamics CRM
2 93 (0.98%) Markit EDM
3 84 (0.89%) Eagle PACE
4 59 (0.62%) PolarLake
5 42 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
6 25 (0.26%) NetSuite
7 20 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
8 17 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 16 (0.17%) SAP Business One
10 15 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
11 14 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
11 14 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
12 13 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
12 13 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
13 12 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
13 12 (0.13%) Magento
13 12 (0.13%) Northgate Housing
13 12 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
14 11 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
15 10 (0.11%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 3,025 (31.94%) Azure
2 1,810 (19.11%) AWS
3 1,044 (11.02%) Power Platform
4 527 (5.56%) GCP
5 426 (4.50%) Serverless
6 374 (3.95%) Office 365
7 339 (3.58%) SaaS
8 294 (3.10%) PaaS
9 280 (2.96%) AWS Lambda
10 253 (2.67%) Azure Data Factory
11 250 (2.64%) Amazon S3
12 208 (2.20%) Amazon EC2
13 204 (2.15%) IaaS
14 173 (1.83%) Dynamics 365
15 167 (1.76%) GitHub
16 144 (1.52%) Azure Active Directory
17 133 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
18 71 (0.75%) Apigee
18 71 (0.75%) OpenShift
19 65 (0.69%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 175 (1.85%) Firewall
2 165 (1.74%) DNS
3 128 (1.35%) HTTP
4 116 (1.22%) TCP/IP
5 103 (1.09%) Skype
6 98 (1.03%) DHCP
7 89 (0.94%) WAN
8 88 (0.93%) VPN
9 87 (0.92%) Internet
9 87 (0.92%) SAN
10 74 (0.78%) LAN
11 50 (0.53%) VoIP
12 42 (0.44%) Network Security
13 28 (0.30%) Remote Desktop
14 25 (0.26%) VLAN
15 23 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
15 23 (0.24%) Wireless
16 19 (0.20%) FTP
16 19 (0.20%) HTTPS
16 19 (0.20%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,607 (27.52%) SQL Server
2 994 (10.49%) NoSQL
3 979 (10.34%) Data Warehouse
4 954 (10.07%) Power BI
5 886 (9.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 771 (8.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 617 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
8 549 (5.80%) Relational Database
9 538 (5.68%) MySQL
10 491 (5.18%) Big Data
11 487 (5.14%) Tableau
12 442 (4.67%) Azure SQL Database
13 364 (3.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 355 (3.75%) MongoDB
15 331 (3.49%) Data Lake
16 285 (3.01%) Hadoop
17 259 (2.73%) Amazon Redshift
18 228 (2.41%) Oracle Database
19 214 (2.26%) Redis
20 193 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,184 (12.50%) Git (software)
2 579 (6.11%) JIRA
3 535 (5.65%) Jenkins
4 345 (3.64%) Selenium
5 323 (3.41%) Team Foundation Server
6 286 (3.02%) Visual Studio
7 209 (2.21%) Subversion
8 182 (1.92%) Maven
9 180 (1.90%) JUnit
10 154 (1.63%) TeamCity
11 138 (1.46%) Bitbucket
12 123 (1.30%) GitLab
13 115 (1.21%) Cucumber
13 115 (1.21%) NUnit
14 113 (1.19%) Artifactory
14 113 (1.19%) SpecFlow
15 103 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
16 99 (1.05%) Mercurial
17 88 (0.93%) Visual Studio Team System
18 87 (0.92%) Gradle
General
1 2,083 (21.99%) Finance
2 437 (4.61%) Banking
3 415 (4.38%) Front Office
4 301 (3.18%) Retail
5 280 (2.96%) Marketing
6 268 (2.83%) Public Sector
7 257 (2.71%) Back Office
8 166 (1.75%) Law
9 158 (1.67%) Manufacturing
10 123 (1.30%) Telecoms
11 107 (1.13%) Games
12 99 (1.05%) Investment Banking
13 97 (1.02%) Legal
14 92 (0.97%) Advertising
15 68 (0.72%) Financial Institution
16 47 (0.50%) Electronics
17 38 (0.40%) Private Banking
18 31 (0.33%) Publishing
19 29 (0.31%) Aerospace
20 28 (0.30%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,083 (43.11%) Developer
2 1,246 (13.15%) Analyst
3 914 (9.65%) .NET Developer
4 876 (9.25%) Senior Developer
5 691 (7.30%) C# Developer
6 659 (6.96%) Software Engineer
7 550 (5.81%) Software Developer
8 535 (5.65%) Data Engineer
9 523 (5.52%) SQL Developer
10 443 (4.68%) Java Developer
11 405 (4.28%) Full Stack Developer
12 383 (4.04%) Architect
13 367 (3.87%) C# .NET Developer
14 340 (3.59%) Python Developer
15 333 (3.52%) Applications Support
16 319 (3.37%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 316 (3.34%) Data Analyst
18 276 (2.91%) Azure Engineer
19 261 (2.76%) DBA
20 248 (2.62%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,642 (27.89%) .NET
2 1,479 (15.61%) HTML
3 1,379 (14.56%) CSS
4 1,172 (12.37%) AngularJS
5 1,032 (10.90%) .NET Core
6 982 (10.37%) ASP.NET
7 948 (10.01%) Web Services
8 915 (9.66%) React
9 725 (7.65%) REST
10 685 (7.23%) .NET Framework
11 556 (5.87%) ASP.NET Web API
12 490 (5.17%) Node.js
13 476 (5.03%) XML
14 462 (4.88%) jQuery
15 459 (4.85%) RESTful
16 452 (4.77%) Spring
17 389 (4.11%) Entity Framework
17 389 (4.11%) HTML5
17 389 (4.11%) Vue.js
18 382 (4.03%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 970 (10.24%) Analytical Skills
2 451 (4.76%) Hedge funds
3 394 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
4 337 (3.56%) Fixed Income
5 323 (3.41%) Equities
6 267 (2.82%) Derivative
7 263 (2.78%) Algorithms
8 253 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
9 250 (2.64%) Data Structures
9 250 (2.64%) Management Information System
10 217 (2.29%) Mobile App
11 194 (2.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 187 (1.97%) User Experience
13 144 (1.52%) Data Centre
14 125 (1.32%) Replication
15 124 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
16 116 (1.22%) Public Cloud
17 109 (1.15%) Clustering
18 107 (1.13%) Reference Data
19 81 (0.86%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 1,128 (11.91%) Windows
2 930 (9.82%) Linux
3 392 (4.14%) Windows Server
4 345 (3.64%) Unix
5 103 (1.09%) Android
6 97 (1.02%) Windows Server 2016
7 95 (1.00%) Windows Server 2012
8 89 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 84 (0.89%) Windows 10
10 81 (0.86%) CentOS
11 77 (0.81%) Apple iOS
12 45 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
13 42 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
14 30 (0.32%) Windows 7
15 29 (0.31%) Solaris
16 24 (0.25%) Debian
16 24 (0.25%) Ubuntu
17 18 (0.19%) VMS
18 16 (0.17%) AIX
19 12 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,022 (31.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,774 (18.73%) DevOps
3 1,546 (16.32%) Business Intelligence
4 1,274 (13.45%) Analytics
5 1,188 (12.54%) Software Engineering
6 981 (10.36%) Microservices
7 978 (10.33%) Scrum
8 976 (10.30%) MVC
9 920 (9.71%) ETL
10 918 (9.69%) TDD
11 915 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
12 860 (9.08%) Test Automation
13 753 (7.95%) Computer Science
14 731 (7.72%) Continuous Integration
15 664 (7.01%) Mentoring
16 643 (6.79%) OO
17 634 (6.69%) Data Modelling
18 614 (6.48%) Visualisation
19 542 (5.72%) SDLC
20 524 (5.53%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,828 (29.86%) C#
2 2,476 (26.14%) JavaScript
3 2,269 (23.95%) Python
4 1,876 (19.81%) Java
5 1,103 (11.64%) T-SQL
6 547 (5.77%) PowerShell
7 511 (5.39%) TypeScript
8 384 (4.05%) PL/SQL
9 371 (3.92%) R
10 363 (3.83%) C++
11 338 (3.57%) PHP
12 222 (2.34%) Scala
13 191 (2.02%) Bash Shell
14 185 (1.95%) VB.NET
15 168 (1.77%) Kotlin
16 159 (1.68%) C
17 152 (1.60%) Shell Script
18 145 (1.53%) Go
19 136 (1.44%) VBA
20 128 (1.35%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 1,296 (13.68%) Degree
2 333 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 286 (3.02%) Security Cleared
4 216 (2.28%) SC Cleared
5 166 (1.75%) Microsoft Certification
6 110 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
7 86 (0.91%) PhD
8 75 (0.79%) MCSE
9 73 (0.77%) DV Cleared
10 59 (0.62%) ISTQB
11 57 (0.60%) MCSA
12 51 (0.54%) CCNA
12 51 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
13 41 (0.43%) Sun Certification
14 39 (0.41%) AWS Certification
15 37 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
16 36 (0.38%) ISEB
17 35 (0.37%) Master's Degree
18 32 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
19 23 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 431 (4.55%) QA
2 192 (2.03%) Data Quality
3 144 (1.52%) SLA
4 112 (1.18%) GDPR
5 54 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 31 (0.33%) NIST
7 21 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 18 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 10 (0.11%) MiFID
10 9 (0.095%) IFRS
10 9 (0.095%) PMO
11 7 (0.074%) COBIT
11 7 (0.074%) EMIR
11 7 (0.074%) ISO 9001
12 6 (0.063%) GPG13
12 6 (0.063%) GxP
12 6 (0.063%) HIPAA
12 6 (0.063%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.032%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.032%) TARGET2
System Software
1 959 (10.12%) Docker
2 508 (5.36%) Active Directory
3 226 (2.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 143 (1.51%) Hyper-V
5 64 (0.68%) HDFS
6 52 (0.55%) vSphere
7 34 (0.36%) XenApp
8 33 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
9 28 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
10 24 (0.25%) VirtualBox
10 24 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
11 20 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
12 19 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
13 15 (0.16%) XenDesktop
14 13 (0.14%) Firmware
15 11 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 9 (0.095%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 9 (0.095%) Terminal Services
17 8 (0.084%) Citrix Hypervisor
18 7 (0.074%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 768 (8.11%) Kubernetes
2 421 (4.44%) Terraform
3 279 (2.95%) Ansible
4 147 (1.55%) Puppet
5 96 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
6 94 (0.99%) SCCM
7 85 (0.90%) Grafana
8 79 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
9 62 (0.65%) Prometheus
10 39 (0.41%) WSUS
11 32 (0.34%) Kibana
12 28 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
13 27 (0.29%) Graphite
13 27 (0.29%) SCOM
14 26 (0.27%) Failover Clustering
15 23 (0.24%) logstash
16 22 (0.23%) Data Guard
16 22 (0.23%) Nagios
17 20 (0.21%) Control-M
17 20 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 2,136 (22.55%) Microsoft
2 1,032 (10.90%) Oracle
3 393 (4.15%) VMware
4 390 (4.12%) Google
5 204 (2.15%) Databricks
6 145 (1.53%) SAP
7 129 (1.36%) Bloomberg
8 119 (1.26%) Cisco
8 119 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
9 110 (1.16%) IBM
10 109 (1.15%) Talend
11 98 (1.03%) Citrix
12 91 (0.96%) Red Hat
13 86 (0.91%) Informatica
14 85 (0.90%) Atlassian
15 79 (0.83%) Xamarin
16 78 (0.82%) Cloudera
16 78 (0.82%) Splunk
17 71 (0.75%) ServiceNow
18 55 (0.58%) EnterpriseDB