Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 737 781 669
Rank change year-on-year +44 -112 -25
Contract jobs citing COBOL 118 71 214
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.12% 0.075% 0.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.28% 0.18% 0.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 74 38 126
England median daily rate £350 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -0.06% +0.06%
10th Percentile £275 £269 £250
90th Percentile £499 £516 £525
UK median daily rate £350 £400 £400
% change year-on-year -12.50% -0.06% +3.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 7
England median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% -30.56% +35.85%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +40.00% -30.56% +35.85%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,868 39,723 39,097
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 45.07% 42.23% 40.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,520 28,013 27,098
England median daily rate £475 £460 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +8.24% +3.66%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 620 752 807
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £17.00 £16.25 £14.53
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £51.83
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% -

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England -14 39 £363 -9.38% 6
London +9 26 £375 -14.29% 4
South East -3 24 £320 -14.67% 2
North West -3 19 £375 -21.05% 4
Midlands +3 14 £315 -3.08% 4
Yorkshire -11 12 £350 -4.44% 2
West Midlands -13 11 £304 -13.83% 3
South West -14 9 £313 +4.17% 1
North East -2 8 £308 -14.51%
East of England +5 6 £425 +13.33%
East Midlands +9 3 £425 +30.77% 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 66 (55.93%) Mainframe
2 57 (48.31%) DB2
3 44 (37.29%) CICS
4 42 (35.59%) IBM
5 33 (27.97%) Unix
6 32 (27.12%) SQL
7 27 (22.88%) JCL
8 24 (20.34%) VME
9 23 (19.49%) Java
10 20 (16.95%) zOS
10 20 (16.95%) Agile Software Development
11 18 (15.25%) Oracle
12 15 (12.71%) Finance
12 15 (12.71%) Manufacturing
12 15 (12.71%) Shell Script
13 14 (11.86%) Perl
13 14 (11.86%) Assembly Language
13 14 (11.86%) REXX
13 14 (11.86%) IBM Mainframe
14 13 (11.02%) Security Cleared
14 13 (11.02%) Time Sharing Option
14 13 (11.02%) Migration
14 13 (11.02%) Scrum
14 13 (11.02%) Problem-Solving
15 12 (10.17%) SC Cleared
16 11 (9.32%) Banking
16 11 (9.32%) Micro Focus
16 11 (9.32%) HP
17 10 (8.47%) Data Modelling
17 10 (8.47%) PL/SQL

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (37.29%) CICS
2 7 (5.93%) WebLogic
3 6 (5.08%) WebSphere
4 5 (4.24%) TPMS
5 2 (1.69%) Apache
5 2 (1.69%) Confluence
5 2 (1.69%) Tomcat
5 2 (1.69%) Tuxedo
5 2 (1.69%) WebSphere Application Server
6 1 (0.85%) MQSeries
Business Applications
1 1 (0.85%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 1 (0.85%) Amazon AWS
1 1 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
1 1 (0.85%) GitHub
1 1 (0.85%) IBM Cloud
1 1 (0.85%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 9 (7.63%) SMTP
1 9 (7.63%) SNMP
2 2 (1.69%) ATM
2 2 (1.69%) SMS
3 1 (0.85%) FTP
3 1 (0.85%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (48.31%) DB2
2 5 (4.24%) BusinessObjects
2 5 (4.24%) NonStop SQL
3 4 (3.39%) DataStage
3 4 (3.39%) Hadoop
3 4 (3.39%) IDMS
3 4 (3.39%) Oracle Database
3 4 (3.39%) Relational Database
4 3 (2.54%) SQL Server
5 2 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
5 2 (1.69%) Apache Hive
5 2 (1.69%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.85%) Adabas
6 1 (0.85%) Easytrieve
6 1 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (0.85%) Oracle Reports
6 1 (0.85%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.85%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 4 (3.39%) Git (software)
1 4 (3.39%) Visual Studio
2 2 (1.69%) Eclipse
2 2 (1.69%) Jenkins
2 2 (1.69%) JIRA
3 1 (0.85%) Ant
3 1 (0.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 1 (0.85%) Bitbucket
3 1 (0.85%) CA Release Automation
3 1 (0.85%) Gradle
3 1 (0.85%) HP UFT
3 1 (0.85%) JMeter
3 1 (0.85%) JUnit
3 1 (0.85%) LoadRunner
3 1 (0.85%) Maven
3 1 (0.85%) Selenium
3 1 (0.85%) TeamCity
3 1 (0.85%) Zephyr
General
1 15 (12.71%) Finance
1 15 (12.71%) Manufacturing
2 11 (9.32%) Banking
3 10 (8.47%) Marketing
4 4 (3.39%) Automotive
4 4 (3.39%) Legal
5 3 (2.54%) Retail
6 1 (0.85%) French Language
6 1 (0.85%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 71 (60.17%) Developer
2 50 (42.37%) COBOL Developer
3 20 (16.95%) Mainframe Developer
4 9 (7.63%) Architect
5 8 (6.78%) Analyst
6 6 (5.08%) Consultant
7 4 (3.39%) DB2 Developer
7 4 (3.39%) IBM Mainframe Developer
8 3 (2.54%) Administrator
8 3 (2.54%) Applications Architect
8 3 (2.54%) DataStage Developer
8 3 (2.54%) Mainframe Architect
8 3 (2.54%) Mainframe Consultant
8 3 (2.54%) Migration Consultant
8 3 (2.54%) Oracle Developer
8 3 (2.54%) Programmer
9 2 (1.69%) Applications Support
9 2 (1.69%) Software Engineer
9 2 (1.69%) Systems Administrator
9 2 (1.69%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (8.47%) ISPF
1 10 (8.47%) J2EE
2 5 (4.24%) IBM Integration Bus
2 5 (4.24%) WebSphere MQ
3 3 (2.54%) .NET
4 2 (1.69%) Middleware
4 2 (1.69%) RabbitMQ
4 2 (1.69%) REST
4 2 (1.69%) Web Services
5 1 (0.85%) Java EE
5 1 (0.85%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 66 (55.93%) Mainframe
2 14 (11.86%) IBM Mainframe
3 5 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
3 5 (4.24%) Tandem
3 5 (4.24%) VSAM
4 3 (2.54%) AS400
4 3 (2.54%) Enterprise Software
5 2 (1.69%) iSeries
5 2 (1.69%) User Experience
6 1 (0.85%) Fintech
6 1 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (0.85%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 33 (27.97%) Unix
2 24 (20.34%) VME
3 20 (16.95%) zOS
4 9 (7.63%) Windows
5 7 (5.93%) Linux
6 4 (3.39%) AIX
7 2 (1.69%) MVS
7 2 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 20 (16.95%) Agile Software Development
2 13 (11.02%) Migration
2 13 (11.02%) Problem-Solving
2 13 (11.02%) Scrum
3 10 (8.47%) Data Modelling
3 10 (8.47%) Process Improvement
4 8 (6.78%) Test Strategy
4 8 (6.78%) Web Development
5 7 (5.93%) Waterfall
6 6 (5.08%) Configuration Management
6 6 (5.08%) Logistics
6 6 (5.08%) OO
6 6 (5.08%) RUP
6 6 (5.08%) User Acceptance Testing
7 5 (4.24%) Business Intelligence
7 5 (4.24%) Problem Management
8 4 (3.39%) Data Migration
8 4 (3.39%) ETL
8 4 (3.39%) PRINCE2
8 4 (3.39%) Systems Analysis
Programming Languages
1 32 (27.12%) SQL
2 27 (22.88%) JCL
3 23 (19.49%) Java
4 15 (12.71%) Shell Script
5 14 (11.86%) Assembly Language
5 14 (11.86%) Perl
5 14 (11.86%) REXX
6 10 (8.47%) PL/SQL
7 4 (3.39%) Python
8 3 (2.54%) C
8 3 (2.54%) C#
8 3 (2.54%) RPG
9 2 (1.69%) C++
9 2 (1.69%) Korn
9 2 (1.69%) PL/1
9 2 (1.69%) VB
9 2 (1.69%) VBScript
10 1 (0.85%) Bash Shell
10 1 (0.85%) SELCOPY
10 1 (0.85%) Smalltalk
Qualifications
1 13 (11.02%) Security Cleared
2 12 (10.17%) SC Cleared
3 9 (7.63%) Degree
3 9 (7.63%) Master's Degree
4 3 (2.54%) ISEB
4 3 (2.54%) PMI Certification
4 3 (2.54%) PMP
5 2 (1.69%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.85%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (0.85%) ISO 9001
1 1 (0.85%) SEPA
1 1 (0.85%) TickIT
System Software
1 13 (11.02%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (1.69%) ACF2
2 2 (1.69%) RACF
2 2 (1.69%) Samba
2 2 (1.69%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
3 1 (0.85%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (2.54%) CA Endevor
1 3 (2.54%) HP ALM
1 3 (2.54%) OMEGAMON
2 2 (1.69%) Control-M
2 2 (1.69%) Tivoli
3 1 (0.85%) Ansible
3 1 (0.85%) Automic
3 1 (0.85%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.85%) Puppet
Vendors
1 42 (35.59%) IBM
2 18 (15.25%) Oracle
3 11 (9.32%) HP
3 11 (9.32%) Micro Focus
4 7 (5.93%) BEA
4 7 (5.93%) webMethods
5 4 (3.39%) Fujitsu
6 3 (2.54%) ICL
6 3 (2.54%) MKS
6 3 (2.54%) SAP
6 3 (2.54%) Unisys
7 2 (1.69%) Hortonworks
7 2 (1.69%) Kofax
7 2 (1.69%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.85%) CA
8 1 (0.85%) JD Edwards