Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 791 645 630
Rank change year-on-year -146 -15 +27
Contract jobs citing COBOL 71 214 237
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.075% 0.22% 0.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.18% 0.54% 0.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 38 126 130
England median daily rate £400 £400 £400
10th Percentile £269 £250 £156
90th Percentile £516 £513 £550
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £394
% change year-on-year - +1.59% +15.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 7 3
England median hourly rate £25.00 £36.00 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.56% +35.85% -24.29%
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £36.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year -30.56% +35.85% -24.29%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39942 39529 40557
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.13% 40.53% 38.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 28155 27378 27763
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £594 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 747 822 957
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +21.79%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.56 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
% change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +3 28 £400 -4.76% 4
London -37 19 £438 -7.89%
North West -28 11 £475 +13.10% 3
Yorkshire +26 10 £366 -13.82% 1
Midlands +9 10 £325 -0.76%
South East -9 9 £375 +25.00% 1
North East +66 7 £360 -12.73%
West Midlands +8 7 £353 +11.73%
East of England -20 4 £375 +47.06%
East Midlands -11 3 £325 -7.14%
South West -4 1 £300 -38.30% 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 29 (40.85%) SQL
2 26 (36.62%) Mainframe
3 23 (32.39%) Java
4 21 (29.58%) Unix
5 20 (28.17%) CICS
5 20 (28.17%) DB2
5 20 (28.17%) Oracle
6 18 (25.35%) Finance
7 16 (22.54%) JCL
8 15 (21.13%) Agile Software Development
9 14 (19.72%) IBM Mainframe
9 14 (19.72%) IBM
10 13 (18.31%) Linux
10 13 (18.31%) Analytical Skills
11 11 (15.49%) Banking
11 11 (15.49%) .NET
11 11 (15.49%) Windows
12 9 (12.68%) C
13 8 (11.27%) PL/SQL
13 8 (11.27%) Web Services
13 8 (11.27%) Tomcat
13 8 (11.27%) Micro Focus
13 8 (11.27%) Relational Database
13 8 (11.27%) Oracle Database
14 7 (9.86%) Shell Script
14 7 (9.86%) Python
14 7 (9.86%) C#
14 7 (9.86%) C++
15 6 (8.45%) User Acceptance Testing
15 6 (8.45%) Apache Cassandra

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (28.17%) CICS
2 8 (11.27%) Tomcat
3 6 (8.45%) Tuxedo
4 4 (5.63%) Apache
5 3 (4.23%) JBoss
5 3 (4.23%) TPMS
6 2 (2.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (2.82%) Apache Pig
6 2 (2.82%) Oracle HTTP Server
6 2 (2.82%) Oracle Service Bus
6 2 (2.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (2.82%) WebLogic
7 1 (1.41%) IIS
7 1 (1.41%) SharePoint
7 1 (1.41%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.41%) WildFly
Business Applications
1 2 (2.82%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (1.41%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 3 (4.23%) GitHub
2 1 (1.41%) Amazon AWS
2 1 (1.41%) Bluemix
2 1 (1.41%) IBM Cloud
2 1 (1.41%) Microsoft Azure
2 1 (1.41%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 4 (5.63%) Network Security
2 2 (2.82%) HTTP
2 2 (2.82%) SMS
2 2 (2.82%) SSL
3 1 (1.41%) ATM
3 1 (1.41%) Firewall
3 1 (1.41%) FTP
3 1 (1.41%) Intranet
3 1 (1.41%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (28.17%) DB2
2 8 (11.27%) Oracle Database
2 8 (11.27%) Relational Database
3 6 (8.45%) Apache Cassandra
4 5 (7.04%) SQL Server
5 3 (4.23%) Big Data
5 3 (4.23%) Hadoop
5 3 (4.23%) IDMS
6 2 (2.82%) Adabas
6 2 (2.82%) Apache Hive
6 2 (2.82%) Cloudera CDH
6 2 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (2.82%) HBase
6 2 (2.82%) Impala
6 2 (2.82%) OLTP
6 2 (2.82%) Oracle ODI
6 2 (2.82%) Oracle Reports
6 2 (2.82%) RDBMS
6 2 (2.82%) SQLite
6 2 (2.82%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 3 (4.23%) HP UFT
1 3 (4.23%) Toad
2 2 (2.82%) Artifactory
2 2 (2.82%) Dreamweaver
2 2 (2.82%) Eclipse
2 2 (2.82%) GoCD
2 2 (2.82%) Jenkins
2 2 (2.82%) NuGet
2 2 (2.82%) Oracle Forms
2 2 (2.82%) TeamCity
2 2 (2.82%) Visual Studio
3 1 (1.41%) Ant
3 1 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 1 (1.41%) Bitbucket
3 1 (1.41%) Gradle
3 1 (1.41%) JIRA
3 1 (1.41%) jspm
3 1 (1.41%) Maven
3 1 (1.41%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (1.41%) webpack
General
1 18 (25.35%) Finance
2 11 (15.49%) Banking
3 2 (2.82%) Billing
4 1 (1.41%) Back Office
4 1 (1.41%) Danish Language
4 1 (1.41%) Front Office
4 1 (1.41%) Retail Banking
4 1 (1.41%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 21 (29.58%) Developer
2 15 (21.13%) Analyst
3 12 (16.90%) COBOL Developer
4 11 (15.49%) Consultant
5 7 (9.86%) COBOL Analyst
6 6 (8.45%) Mainframe Analyst
7 5 (7.04%) Mainframe Test Analyst
7 5 (7.04%) Test Analyst
7 5 (7.04%) Tester
8 4 (5.63%) Architect
8 4 (5.63%) Mainframe Tester
8 4 (5.63%) SQL Analyst
8 4 (5.63%) Technical Leader
9 3 (4.23%) Analyst Developer
9 3 (4.23%) COBOL Consultant
9 3 (4.23%) Migration Consultant
9 3 (4.23%) Oracle Consultant
9 3 (4.23%) Programmer
9 3 (4.23%) SQL Support Analyst
9 3 (4.23%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (15.49%) .NET
2 8 (11.27%) Web Services
3 5 (7.04%) RabbitMQ
4 4 (5.63%) XML
5 3 (4.23%) .NET Framework
5 3 (4.23%) CSS
5 3 (4.23%) HTML
5 3 (4.23%) ISPF
5 3 (4.23%) JSON
5 3 (4.23%) Node.js
5 3 (4.23%) RESTful
6 2 (2.82%) ASP.NET
6 2 (2.82%) HTML5
6 2 (2.82%) Java EE
6 2 (2.82%) Oracle GoldenGate
6 2 (2.82%) PySpark
6 2 (2.82%) scikit-learn
6 2 (2.82%) Spring
6 2 (2.82%) WCF
6 2 (2.82%) WebCenter
Miscellaneous
1 26 (36.62%) Mainframe
2 14 (19.72%) IBM Mainframe
3 13 (18.31%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (7.04%) User Experience
4 5 (7.04%) VSAM
5 2 (2.82%) Blackberry
5 2 (2.82%) CESG
5 2 (2.82%) DataPower
5 2 (2.82%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.41%) Algorithms
6 1 (1.41%) Cyber Attack
6 1 (1.41%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (1.41%) Mobile Banking
6 1 (1.41%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 21 (29.58%) Unix
2 13 (18.31%) Linux
3 11 (15.49%) Windows
4 4 (5.63%) Android
4 4 (5.63%) Apple iOS
4 4 (5.63%) zOS
5 3 (4.23%) OpenVMS
5 3 (4.23%) OS/390
5 3 (4.23%) VME
6 2 (2.82%) Mac OS X
6 2 (2.82%) SUSE
7 1 (1.41%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 15 (21.13%) Agile Software Development
2 6 (8.45%) Migration
2 6 (8.45%) Project Management
2 6 (8.45%) User Acceptance Testing
3 5 (7.04%) Refactoring
3 5 (7.04%) SOA
4 4 (5.63%) Defect Management
5 3 (4.23%) Change Control
5 3 (4.23%) Change Management
5 3 (4.23%) Configuration Management
5 3 (4.23%) MVC
5 3 (4.23%) Penetration Testing
5 3 (4.23%) Reverse Engineering
5 3 (4.23%) Scrum
5 3 (4.23%) Software Engineering
5 3 (4.23%) Stakeholder Management
5 3 (4.23%) TDD
5 3 (4.23%) Test Automation
5 3 (4.23%) Test Strategy
6 2 (2.82%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 29 (40.85%) SQL
2 23 (32.39%) Java
3 16 (22.54%) JCL
4 9 (12.68%) C
5 8 (11.27%) PL/SQL
6 7 (9.86%) C#
6 7 (9.86%) C++
6 7 (9.86%) Python
6 7 (9.86%) Shell Script
7 6 (8.45%) JavaScript
8 4 (5.63%) Assembly Language
8 4 (5.63%) REXX
9 3 (4.23%) Fortran
9 3 (4.23%) Pascal
9 3 (4.23%) Perl
9 3 (4.23%) PHP
9 3 (4.23%) Ruby
10 2 (2.82%) Korn
10 2 (2.82%) Scala
10 2 (2.82%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 3 (4.23%) Security Cleared
2 1 (1.41%) CESG Certified Professional
2 1 (1.41%) CISMP
2 1 (1.41%) CISSP
2 1 (1.41%) CTC Cleared
2 1 (1.41%) GCED
2 1 (1.41%) GCFA
2 1 (1.41%) GCIA
2 1 (1.41%) GCIH
2 1 (1.41%) GIAC
2 1 (1.41%) GREM
2 1 (1.41%) GSEC
2 1 (1.41%) IISP
2 1 (1.41%) ISTQB
2 1 (1.41%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.23%) QA
2 2 (2.82%) Data Quality
3 1 (1.41%) CESG Infosec
3 1 (1.41%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 1 (1.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.41%) PMO
System Software
1 4 (5.63%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (2.82%) Apache Flume
2 2 (2.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (2.82%) Docker
2 2 (2.82%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 3 (4.23%) Puppet
2 2 (2.82%) Control-M
2 2 (2.82%) Data Guard
2 2 (2.82%) Hadoop YARN
2 2 (2.82%) Oozie
3 1 (1.41%) Ansible
3 1 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (1.41%) IBM BigFix
3 1 (1.41%) Kubernetes
3 1 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 20 (28.17%) Oracle
2 14 (19.72%) IBM
3 8 (11.27%) Micro Focus
4 4 (5.63%) HP
5 3 (4.23%) Fujitsu
5 3 (4.23%) hybris
6 2 (2.82%) Adobe
6 2 (2.82%) Cloudera
6 2 (2.82%) Hyperion
6 2 (2.82%) Palantir
6 2 (2.82%) SaltStack
6 2 (2.82%) Synopsys
7 1 (1.41%) Microsoft
7 1 (1.41%) Solace