Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 761 704 576
Rank change year-on-year -57 -128 +16
Contract jobs citing COBOL 91 110 292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.099% 0.13% 0.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.23% 0.32% 0.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 48 68 180
England median daily rate £400 £381 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.92% +1.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £281 £266 £240
90th Percentile £650 £575 £514
UK median daily rate £413 £375 £369
% change year-on-year +10.00% +1.69% +3.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 11 11
England median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +8.70% -41.77%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +40.00% +8.70% -41.77%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,935 34,827 37,729
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.37% 41.39% 38.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,093 24,023 26,150
England median daily rate £475 £448 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.15% +5.29% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £430 £418
% change year-on-year +7.56% +2.99% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 727 753 881
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.20% +7.10% +10.71%
10th Percentile £17.52 £17.55 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £54.30 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £41.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year -3.61% +7.79% +10.00%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England -5 48 £475 +18.75% 4
North West -5 32 £545 +14.74% 1
South East -19 19 £375 +1.35% 3
London -74 11 £475 +18.75% 1
North East 0 9 £413 +11.86% 2
Midlands -22 8 £325 -18.75% 1
Yorkshire -7 7 £325 - 1
West Midlands -26 5 £400 +3.23%
South West +8 4 £338 -15.63%
East Midlands -2 2 £314 -21.81% 1
East of England +2 1 - - 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 38 (41.76%) Mainframe
2 28 (30.77%) IBM
3 25 (27.47%) Java
4 24 (26.37%) Python
5 21 (23.08%) JSON
6 19 (20.88%) SQL
7 18 (19.78%) IBM Mainframe
8 17 (18.68%) VME
8 17 (18.68%) Node.js
8 17 (18.68%) JCL
8 17 (18.68%) Migration
9 16 (17.58%) Agile Software Development
10 15 (16.48%) Banking
10 15 (16.48%) CESG
10 15 (16.48%) Information Security
11 14 (15.38%) Finance
11 14 (15.38%) Information Security Management
11 14 (15.38%) Security Management
11 14 (15.38%) DB2
12 13 (14.29%) Micro Focus
13 12 (13.19%) Linux
13 12 (13.19%) TPMS
14 11 (12.09%) Ruby
14 11 (12.09%) Open Source
14 11 (12.09%) Unix
14 11 (12.09%) JavaScript
14 11 (12.09%) Disaster Recovery
15 10 (10.99%) Stakeholder Management
15 10 (10.99%) HTML
15 10 (10.99%) XML

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (13.19%) TPMS
2 9 (9.89%) CICS
3 6 (6.59%) WebSphere
4 5 (5.49%) IIS
4 5 (5.49%) Tuxedo
5 2 (2.20%) JBoss
5 2 (2.20%) SAS
5 2 (2.20%) WildFly
6 1 (1.10%) MQSeries
6 1 (1.10%) Tomcat
Applications
1 3 (3.30%) EngageOne
2 2 (2.20%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.10%) BASE24
1 1 (1.10%) Postilion
Cloud Services
1 2 (2.20%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 8 (8.79%) Firewall
1 8 (8.79%) Intranet
1 8 (8.79%) Intrusion Detection
2 7 (7.69%) FTP
3 3 (3.30%) ATM
4 1 (1.10%) SAN
4 1 (1.10%) SMS
4 1 (1.10%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (15.38%) DB2
2 9 (9.89%) IDMS
3 5 (5.49%) OLTP
3 5 (5.49%) SQL Server
4 3 (3.30%) Hadoop
4 3 (3.30%) Relational Database
5 2 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (2.20%) DataStage
5 2 (2.20%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.10%) Adabas
6 1 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
6 1 (1.10%) Big Data
6 1 (1.10%) MongoDB
6 1 (1.10%) MySQL
6 1 (1.10%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 3 (3.30%) Visual Studio
2 2 (2.20%) jspm
2 2 (2.20%) Team Foundation Server
2 2 (2.20%) webpack
3 1 (1.10%) HP UFT
3 1 (1.10%) Jenkins
3 1 (1.10%) JMeter
3 1 (1.10%) JUnit
3 1 (1.10%) LoadRunner
3 1 (1.10%) Selenium
3 1 (1.10%) WebDriver
General
1 15 (16.48%) Banking
2 14 (15.38%) Finance
3 2 (2.20%) Aerospace
4 1 (1.10%) Manufacturing
4 1 (1.10%) Retail
Job Titles
1 37 (40.66%) Developer
2 19 (20.88%) Analyst
2 19 (20.88%) COBOL Developer
3 12 (13.19%) Architect
4 11 (12.09%) Mainframe Developer
5 7 (7.69%) IBM Mainframe Developer
5 7 (7.69%) Security Architect
6 6 (6.59%) COBOL Analyst
6 6 (6.59%) Consultant
6 6 (6.59%) Operations Analyst
6 6 (6.59%) Programmer
6 6 (6.59%) Security Analyst
6 6 (6.59%) Security Operations Analyst
6 6 (6.59%) Senior Analyst
6 6 (6.59%) Senior Operations Analyst
6 6 (6.59%) Senior Security Analyst
7 5 (5.49%) COBOL Consultant
7 5 (5.49%) COBOL Programmer
7 5 (5.49%) Mainframe Support
8 4 (4.40%) Mainframe Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (23.08%) JSON
2 17 (18.68%) Node.js
3 10 (10.99%) CSS
3 10 (10.99%) HTML
3 10 (10.99%) XML
4 5 (5.49%) OAuth
4 5 (5.49%) Spring
5 3 (3.30%) Spring Boot
6 2 (2.20%) AngularJS
6 2 (2.20%) Aurelia
6 2 (2.20%) HTML5
6 2 (2.20%) Meteor
6 2 (2.20%) Polymer
6 2 (2.20%) React
6 2 (2.20%) RESTful
6 2 (2.20%) Sass
6 2 (2.20%) Semantic UI
6 2 (2.20%) Twitter Bootstrap
6 2 (2.20%) Vaadin
6 2 (2.20%) Web Components
Miscellaneous
1 38 (41.76%) Mainframe
2 18 (19.78%) IBM Mainframe
3 15 (16.48%) CESG
4 10 (10.99%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (8.79%) Management Information System
6 5 (5.49%) Cyberattack
7 3 (3.30%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (3.30%) VSAM
8 2 (2.20%) Data Centre
8 2 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
9 1 (1.10%) Derivative
9 1 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
9 1 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (1.10%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 17 (18.68%) VME
2 12 (13.19%) Linux
3 11 (12.09%) Unix
4 7 (7.69%) zOS
5 5 (5.49%) Windows
6 2 (2.20%) OpenVMS
7 1 (1.10%) AIX
7 1 (1.10%) MVS
7 1 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 17 (18.68%) Migration
2 16 (17.58%) Agile Software Development
3 15 (16.48%) Information Security
4 14 (15.38%) Information Security Management
4 14 (15.38%) Security Management
5 11 (12.09%) Disaster Recovery
5 11 (12.09%) Open Source
6 10 (10.99%) Stakeholder Management
7 8 (8.79%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 8 (8.79%) Cybersecurity
7 8 (8.79%) Data Protection
7 8 (8.79%) Decision-Making
7 8 (8.79%) Digital Forensics
7 8 (8.79%) Malware Analysis
7 8 (8.79%) Refactoring
7 8 (8.79%) Security Monitoring
7 8 (8.79%) Security Operations
7 8 (8.79%) Threat Intelligence
7 8 (8.79%) Vulnerability Management
8 7 (7.69%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 25 (27.47%) Java
2 24 (26.37%) Python
3 19 (20.88%) SQL
4 17 (18.68%) JCL
5 11 (12.09%) JavaScript
5 11 (12.09%) Ruby
6 8 (8.79%) Assembly Language
6 8 (8.79%) Shell Script
7 7 (7.69%) PHP
8 6 (6.59%) C++
9 5 (5.49%) Perl
9 5 (5.49%) PL/1
10 4 (4.40%) C
10 4 (4.40%) C#
10 4 (4.40%) REXX
11 3 (3.30%) VB
12 2 (2.20%) ES6
12 2 (2.20%) ES7
12 2 (2.20%) TypeScript
12 2 (2.20%) VB6
Qualifications
1 8 (8.79%) Security Cleared
2 7 (7.69%) CESG Certified Professional
2 7 (7.69%) CISSP
2 7 (7.69%) IISP
2 7 (7.69%) SC Cleared
3 6 (6.59%) GCED
3 6 (6.59%) GCFA
3 6 (6.59%) GCIA
3 6 (6.59%) GCIH
3 6 (6.59%) GIAC
3 6 (6.59%) GREM
3 6 (6.59%) GSEC
4 5 (5.49%) CISMP
5 2 (2.20%) PMI Certification
5 2 (2.20%) PMP
6 1 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (1.10%) Degree
6 1 (1.10%) ISEB
6 1 (1.10%) ISTQB
6 1 (1.10%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (8.79%) CESG Infosec
1 8 (8.79%) HMG Security Policy Framework
1 8 (8.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (1.10%) ISO 8583
2 1 (1.10%) PCI DSS
2 1 (1.10%) QA
System Software
1 4 (4.40%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (2.20%) RACF
3 1 (1.10%) ACF2
3 1 (1.10%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 1 (1.10%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 8 (8.79%) IBM BigFix
2 2 (2.20%) HP ALM
3 1 (1.10%) CA Endevor
3 1 (1.10%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 28 (30.77%) IBM
2 13 (14.29%) Micro Focus
3 6 (6.59%) Fujitsu
3 6 (6.59%) Oracle
4 4 (4.40%) HP
4 4 (4.40%) Remedy
5 3 (3.30%) Unisys
6 2 (2.20%) Hortonworks
6 2 (2.20%) ICL
7 1 (1.10%) Microsoft
7 1 (1.10%) Red Hat
7 1 (1.10%) Syncsort