Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 767 656 613
Rank change year-on-year -111 -43 +15
Contract jobs citing COBOL 69 163 236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.075% 0.18% 0.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.18% 0.45% 0.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 37 108 141
England median daily rate £400 £381 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.92% +1.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £267 £273 £260
90th Percentile £610 £575 £500
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 11 7
England median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -3.85% -34.18%
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £26.25
% change year-on-year - -4.76% -33.54%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,089 36,117 38,530
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.32% 40.60% 38.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,696 25,028 26,483
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £275
90th Percentile £638 £606 £600
UK median daily rate £455 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +7.06% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 712 789 984
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £17.43 £15.25 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.48 £51.32 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +14.98%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +11 37 £475 +18.68% 5
North West +4 21 £530 +21.49% 4
South East -15 16 £375 +25.00% 4
Yorkshire +9 12 £425 -0.53% 1
Midlands -22 9 £325 -2.62% 3
London -68 6 £300 -35.48%
West Midlands -14 5 £353 +11.73%
North East +37 4 £400 +8.47%
East Midlands -10 3 £325 -15.03% 3
South West +12 1 £300 -7.34% 2
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 27 (39.13%) Java
2 26 (37.68%) Mainframe
3 19 (27.54%) IBM
3 19 (27.54%) Agile Software Development
4 16 (23.19%) SQL
5 15 (21.74%) JSON
5 15 (21.74%) Analytical Skills
6 14 (20.29%) Unix
7 13 (18.84%) JCL
8 11 (15.94%) Python
8 11 (15.94%) Node.js
8 11 (15.94%) IBM Mainframe
9 10 (14.49%) Data Protection
9 10 (14.49%) Open Source
9 10 (14.49%) Linux
9 10 (14.49%) Oracle
9 10 (14.49%) DB2
9 10 (14.49%) C
9 10 (14.49%) C++
9 10 (14.49%) CESG
9 10 (14.49%) Finance
9 10 (14.49%) Information Security
10 9 (13.04%) Migration
10 9 (13.04%) Stakeholder Management
10 9 (13.04%) Firewall
10 9 (13.04%) Information Security Management
10 9 (13.04%) Security Management
10 9 (13.04%) Management Information System
10 9 (13.04%) Project Management
10 9 (13.04%) Intranet

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (13.04%) CICS
2 6 (8.70%) Tomcat
2 6 (8.70%) TPMS
3 3 (4.35%) WebSphere
4 1 (1.45%) IIS
4 1 (1.45%) JBoss
4 1 (1.45%) MQSeries
4 1 (1.45%) SAS
4 1 (1.45%) SharePoint
4 1 (1.45%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (4.35%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 1 (1.45%) BASE24
1 1 (1.45%) Postilion
Cloud Services
1 1 (1.45%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 9 (13.04%) Firewall
1 9 (13.04%) Intranet
1 9 (13.04%) Intrusion Detection
2 8 (11.59%) FTP
3 2 (2.90%) ATM
4 1 (1.45%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (14.49%) DB2
2 8 (11.59%) IDMS
2 8 (11.59%) Oracle Database
3 6 (8.70%) Apache Cassandra
3 6 (8.70%) Relational Database
4 2 (2.90%) Adabas
5 1 (1.45%) Big Data
5 1 (1.45%) Easytrieve
5 1 (1.45%) PostgreSQL
5 1 (1.45%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 4 (5.80%) Visual Studio
2 2 (2.90%) Dreamweaver
2 2 (2.90%) Eclipse
3 1 (1.45%) jspm
3 1 (1.45%) Synon
3 1 (1.45%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (1.45%) webpack
General
1 10 (14.49%) Finance
2 6 (8.70%) Banking
3 1 (1.45%) Back Office
3 1 (1.45%) Billing
3 1 (1.45%) Front Office
3 1 (1.45%) Retail
Job Titles
1 24 (34.78%) Developer
2 12 (17.39%) Analyst
3 11 (15.94%) COBOL Developer
3 11 (15.94%) Consultant
4 7 (10.14%) Operations Analyst
4 7 (10.14%) Security Analyst
4 7 (10.14%) Security Operations Analyst
4 7 (10.14%) Senior Analyst
4 7 (10.14%) Senior Operations Analyst
4 7 (10.14%) Senior Security Analyst
5 6 (8.70%) Architect
5 6 (8.70%) COBOL Consultant
5 6 (8.70%) Migration Consultant
6 4 (5.80%) Mainframe Developer
6 4 (5.80%) Mainframe Support
6 4 (5.80%) Programmer
6 4 (5.80%) Solutions Architect
6 4 (5.80%) Support Analyst
6 4 (5.80%) Technical Leader
7 3 (4.35%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (21.74%) JSON
2 11 (15.94%) Node.js
3 7 (10.14%) Web Services
4 6 (8.70%) XML
5 5 (7.25%) RabbitMQ
6 4 (5.80%) Spring
7 3 (4.35%) CSS
7 3 (4.35%) HTML
7 3 (4.35%) Spring Boot
8 1 (1.45%) .NET
8 1 (1.45%) AngularJS
8 1 (1.45%) JSP
8 1 (1.45%) Meteor
8 1 (1.45%) Middleware
8 1 (1.45%) React
8 1 (1.45%) Sass
8 1 (1.45%) Semantic UI
8 1 (1.45%) Vaadin
8 1 (1.45%) Web Components
8 1 (1.45%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 26 (37.68%) Mainframe
2 15 (21.74%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (15.94%) IBM Mainframe
4 10 (14.49%) CESG
5 9 (13.04%) Management Information System
6 6 (8.70%) Cyberattack
7 1 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
7 1 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (1.45%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 14 (20.29%) Unix
2 10 (14.49%) Linux
3 8 (11.59%) Windows
4 6 (8.70%) VME
5 5 (7.25%) OpenVMS
6 4 (5.80%) zOS
7 2 (2.90%) MVS
7 2 (2.90%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (27.54%) Agile Software Development
2 10 (14.49%) Data Protection
2 10 (14.49%) Information Security
2 10 (14.49%) Open Source
3 9 (13.04%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
3 9 (13.04%) Cybersecurity
3 9 (13.04%) Digital Forensics
3 9 (13.04%) Information Security Management
3 9 (13.04%) Malware Analysis
3 9 (13.04%) Migration
3 9 (13.04%) Project Management
3 9 (13.04%) Security Management
3 9 (13.04%) Security Monitoring
3 9 (13.04%) Security Operations
3 9 (13.04%) Stakeholder Management
3 9 (13.04%) Threat Intelligence
3 9 (13.04%) Vulnerability Management
4 8 (11.59%) Penetration Testing
4 8 (11.59%) Refactoring
5 7 (10.14%) Reverse Engineering
Programming Languages
1 27 (39.13%) Java
2 16 (23.19%) SQL
3 13 (18.84%) JCL
4 11 (15.94%) Python
5 10 (14.49%) C
5 10 (14.49%) C++
6 8 (11.59%) C#
7 4 (5.80%) Fortran
7 4 (5.80%) JavaScript
7 4 (5.80%) Pascal
7 4 (5.80%) Shell Script
8 3 (4.35%) REXX
9 2 (2.90%) NATURAL
9 2 (2.90%) PL/1
9 2 (2.90%) PL/SQL
9 2 (2.90%) Ruby
10 1 (1.45%) ES6
10 1 (1.45%) RPG IV
10 1 (1.45%) RPG/400
10 1 (1.45%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 8 (11.59%) CISSP
2 7 (10.14%) GCED
2 7 (10.14%) GCFA
2 7 (10.14%) GCIA
2 7 (10.14%) GCIH
2 7 (10.14%) GIAC
2 7 (10.14%) GREM
2 7 (10.14%) GSEC
3 4 (5.80%) SC Cleared
3 4 (5.80%) Security Cleared
4 1 (1.45%) CESG Certified Professional
4 1 (1.45%) CISMP
4 1 (1.45%) Degree
4 1 (1.45%) IISP
4 1 (1.45%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (13.04%) CESG Infosec
1 9 (13.04%) HMG Security Policy Framework
1 9 (13.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 3 (4.35%) QA
3 1 (1.45%) ISO 8583
3 1 (1.45%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 2 (2.90%) Time Sharing Option
2 1 (1.45%) Docker
2 1 (1.45%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 1 (1.45%) RACF
Systems Management
1 9 (13.04%) IBM BigFix
2 1 (1.45%) CA Endevor
2 1 (1.45%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 19 (27.54%) IBM
2 10 (14.49%) Oracle
3 6 (8.70%) Micro Focus
4 4 (5.80%) Fujitsu
5 2 (2.90%) Remedy
6 1 (1.45%) Microsoft
6 1 (1.45%) Syncsort