Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 778 758 601
Rank change year-on-year -20 -157 -11
Contract jobs citing COBOL 97 58 289
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.10% 0.066% 0.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.23% 0.16% 0.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 55 29 165
England median daily rate £375 £375 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.45% -4.61%
10th Percentile £250 £268 £240
90th Percentile £547 £513 £538
UK median daily rate £375 £375 £369
% change year-on-year - +1.69% -2.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 11
England median hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.38% +12.28% -36.67%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £28.50
% change year-on-year +9.38% +12.28% -36.67%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,669 37,023 39,813
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.61% 41.98% 39.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,502 25,599 27,684
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 687 728 831
England median hourly rate £41.77 £40.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.76% +7.33% +4.17%
10th Percentile £17.48 £16.25 £14.13
90th Percentile £53.30 £53.23 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.38 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.44% +6.67% +7.14%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +17 40 £375 +19.52% 5
North West -2 21 £463 +15.63% 1
South East -11 18 £363 -3.33% 2
Midlands +7 16 £315 +57.50% 1
West Midlands -13 13 £310 - 1
North East +2 12 £400 +30.08%
South West +4 10 £313 -40.48%
London -21 10 £500 +14.29% 2
Yorkshire -9 7 £240 -21.95% 4
East Midlands +3 3 £325 +62.50%
East of England -12 3 £408 +16.43% 2
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 48 (49.48%) Mainframe
2 36 (37.11%) SQL
3 29 (29.90%) VME
3 29 (29.90%) IBM
4 26 (26.80%) Java
5 22 (22.68%) Unix
6 19 (19.59%) Oracle
6 19 (19.59%) Migration
6 19 (19.59%) Agile Software Development
7 18 (18.56%) IBM Mainframe
7 18 (18.56%) JCL
8 16 (16.49%) Shell Script
8 16 (16.49%) Micro Focus
8 16 (16.49%) Finance
8 16 (16.49%) DB2
8 16 (16.49%) CICS
9 15 (15.46%) Python
9 15 (15.46%) Banking
10 13 (13.40%) Perl
10 13 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
11 11 (11.34%) Disaster Recovery
11 11 (11.34%) TPMS
12 10 (10.31%) Ruby
12 10 (10.31%) Scrum
12 10 (10.31%) Linux
13 9 (9.28%) CSS
13 9 (9.28%) JavaScript
13 9 (9.28%) HTML
13 9 (9.28%) PL/SQL
13 9 (9.28%) J2EE

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (16.49%) CICS
2 11 (11.34%) TPMS
3 6 (6.19%) Tuxedo
3 6 (6.19%) WebLogic
4 5 (5.15%) IIS
5 4 (4.12%) WebSphere
6 3 (3.09%) Tomcat
7 2 (2.06%) JBoss
7 2 (2.06%) WildFly
8 1 (1.03%) Apache
8 1 (1.03%) MQSeries
8 1 (1.03%) SAS
Applications
1 2 (2.06%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.03%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 2 (2.06%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.06%) ATM
1 2 (2.06%) SAN
1 2 (2.06%) SMS
2 1 (1.03%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (16.49%) DB2
2 7 (7.22%) IDMS
3 6 (6.19%) Relational Database
3 6 (6.19%) SQL Server
4 5 (5.15%) OLTP
4 5 (5.15%) Oracle Database
5 4 (4.12%) BusinessObjects
6 3 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
6 3 (3.09%) Hadoop
7 2 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
7 2 (2.06%) DataStage
7 2 (2.06%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (1.03%) Adabas
8 1 (1.03%) Easytrieve
8 1 (1.03%) MongoDB
8 1 (1.03%) MySQL
8 1 (1.03%) Oracle Database 11g
8 1 (1.03%) Oracle Reports
8 1 (1.03%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 4 (4.12%) Visual Studio
2 2 (2.06%) jspm
2 2 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
2 2 (2.06%) webpack
3 1 (1.03%) Eclipse
3 1 (1.03%) Git (software)
3 1 (1.03%) HP UFT
3 1 (1.03%) Jenkins
3 1 (1.03%) JMeter
3 1 (1.03%) JUnit
3 1 (1.03%) LoadRunner
3 1 (1.03%) Selenium
3 1 (1.03%) WebDriver
3 1 (1.03%) Zephyr
General
1 16 (16.49%) Finance
2 15 (15.46%) Banking
3 4 (4.12%) Manufacturing
4 3 (3.09%) Legal
5 2 (2.06%) Aerospace
5 2 (2.06%) Automotive
6 1 (1.03%) French Language
6 1 (1.03%) Retail
Job Titles
1 49 (50.52%) Developer
2 30 (30.93%) COBOL Developer
3 19 (19.59%) Mainframe Developer
4 16 (16.49%) Analyst
5 11 (11.34%) Architect
6 8 (8.25%) IBM Mainframe Developer
7 7 (7.22%) Security Architect
8 6 (6.19%) Consultant
9 5 (5.15%) Mainframe Analyst
10 4 (4.12%) Analyst Developer
10 4 (4.12%) COBOL Analyst
10 4 (4.12%) Migration Consultant
10 4 (4.12%) Programmer
11 3 (3.09%) Administrator
11 3 (3.09%) Applications Support
11 3 (3.09%) Banking Analyst
11 3 (3.09%) COBOL Programmer
11 3 (3.09%) Developer Analyst
11 3 (3.09%) Support Analyst
11 3 (3.09%) Systems Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (9.28%) CSS
1 9 (9.28%) HTML
1 9 (9.28%) J2EE
1 9 (9.28%) JSON
1 9 (9.28%) Node.js
2 6 (6.19%) XML
3 5 (5.15%) OAuth
4 3 (3.09%) RabbitMQ
4 3 (3.09%) Spring
4 3 (3.09%) Web Services
5 2 (2.06%) AngularJS
5 2 (2.06%) Meteor
5 2 (2.06%) Middleware
5 2 (2.06%) Polymer
5 2 (2.06%) React
5 2 (2.06%) Sass
5 2 (2.06%) Semantic UI
5 2 (2.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
5 2 (2.06%) Vaadin
5 2 (2.06%) Web Components
Miscellaneous
1 48 (49.48%) Mainframe
2 18 (18.56%) IBM Mainframe
3 7 (7.22%) CESG
4 4 (4.12%) Analytical Skills
4 4 (4.12%) VSAM
5 3 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (2.06%) Data Centre
6 2 (2.06%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (1.03%) AS400
7 1 (1.03%) Derivative
7 1 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.03%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 29 (29.90%) VME
2 22 (22.68%) Unix
3 10 (10.31%) Linux
4 8 (8.25%) zOS
5 6 (6.19%) Windows
6 2 (2.06%) AIX
6 2 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (19.59%) Agile Software Development
1 19 (19.59%) Migration
2 13 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
3 11 (11.34%) Disaster Recovery
4 10 (10.31%) Scrum
5 9 (9.28%) Process Improvement
6 7 (7.22%) Data Modelling
6 7 (7.22%) Information Security
6 7 (7.22%) Information Security Management
6 7 (7.22%) Security Management
6 7 (7.22%) Test Strategy
6 7 (7.22%) TOGAF
7 6 (6.19%) Logistics
7 6 (6.19%) Refactoring
7 6 (6.19%) User Acceptance Testing
7 6 (6.19%) Waterfall
8 5 (5.15%) Data Migration
8 5 (5.15%) Enterprise Architecture
8 5 (5.15%) OO
8 5 (5.15%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 36 (37.11%) SQL
2 26 (26.80%) Java
3 18 (18.56%) JCL
4 16 (16.49%) Shell Script
5 15 (15.46%) Python
6 13 (13.40%) Perl
7 10 (10.31%) Ruby
8 9 (9.28%) Assembly Language
8 9 (9.28%) JavaScript
8 9 (9.28%) PL/SQL
9 7 (7.22%) PHP
10 3 (3.09%) PL/1
10 3 (3.09%) REXX
10 3 (3.09%) VB
11 2 (2.06%) C#
11 2 (2.06%) ES6
11 2 (2.06%) ES7
11 2 (2.06%) TypeScript
11 2 (2.06%) VB6
12 1 (1.03%) C++
Qualifications
1 7 (7.22%) CESG Certified Professional
1 7 (7.22%) IISP
2 6 (6.19%) Security Cleared
3 5 (5.15%) CISMP
3 5 (5.15%) SC Cleared
4 2 (2.06%) ISEB
4 2 (2.06%) PMI Certification
4 2 (2.06%) PMP
5 1 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (1.03%) ISEB Practitioner
5 1 (1.03%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.03%) QA
System Software
1 5 (5.15%) Time Sharing Option
2 1 (1.03%) ACF2
2 1 (1.03%) RACF
2 1 (1.03%) Samba
2 1 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 3 (3.09%) HP ALM
2 2 (2.06%) Control-M
Vendors
1 29 (29.90%) IBM
2 19 (19.59%) Oracle
3 16 (16.49%) Micro Focus
4 7 (7.22%) webMethods
5 6 (6.19%) BEA
5 6 (6.19%) Unisys
6 5 (5.15%) Fujitsu
6 5 (5.15%) HP
7 3 (3.09%) SAP
8 2 (2.06%) Hortonworks
8 2 (2.06%) ICL
8 2 (2.06%) Red Hat
8 2 (2.06%) Remedy
9 1 (1.03%) CA
9 1 (1.03%) JD Edwards
9 1 (1.03%) Microsoft