The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 25 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
25 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
COBOL
UK / England
Rank 531 455 486
Rank change year-on-year -76 +31  
Contract jobs citing COBOL 54 160 111
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.13% 0.33% 0.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.31% 0.85% 0.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 29 103 53
Median daily rate £375 £360 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.16% +2.85%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £274 £250 £263
10% offered a daily rate of more than £535 £496 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +7.14% -  
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 5
Median hourly rate £25.00 - £39.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 - £39.50

COBOL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 17199 18829 18063
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.15% 38.39% 37.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 11862 12983 11839
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +4.00% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 397 448 384
Median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +14.28%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £22.50 £15.00 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.64 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +4.10% +11.11%  

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing COBOL as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 3 months to 25 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 3 months to 25 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 3 months to 25 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +12 14 £300 -29.41% 2
London +21 11 £450 +20.00%
West Midlands +17 8 £388 -
North West -31 7 £338 -15.56% 1
East Midlands -2 5 £401 - 2
North East -22 5 £375 +23.96%
South West -9 3 £525 +100.00% 1
Midlands - 1 - -
COBOL
UK

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 25 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 43 (32.82%) Mainframe
2 36 (27.48%) Oracle
3 35 (26.72%) DB2
3 35 (26.72%) Java
4 33 (25.19%) VME
5 29 (22.14%) JCL
6 23 (17.56%) Finance
6 23 (17.56%) HP
6 23 (17.56%) ICL
7 22 (16.79%) Software Engineering
7 22 (16.79%) Linux
8 21 (16.03%) SQL
9 20 (15.27%) IBM
9 20 (15.27%) Micro Focus
9 20 (15.27%) Analytical Skills
10 19 (14.50%) Virtual Machines
10 19 (14.50%) ITIL
11 18 (13.74%) C#
11 18 (13.74%) StarTeam
12 17 (12.98%) CICS
12 17 (12.98%) Oracle Database
13 16 (12.21%) Unix
13 16 (12.21%) Agile Software Development
14 15 (11.45%) C
15 14 (10.69%) Microsoft
15 14 (10.69%) TDD
15 14 (10.69%) Banking
16 13 (9.92%) Web Services
16 13 (9.92%) XML
16 13 (9.92%) Service Management

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (12.98%) CICS
2 12 (9.16%) Tuxedo
3 7 (5.34%) WebLogic
4 2 (1.53%) MQSeries
5 1 (0.76%) Apache Solr
5 1 (0.76%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.76%) Commerce Server
5 1 (0.76%) Commerce Server 2007
5 1 (0.76%) EPiServer
5 1 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (6.11%) MS Excel
1 8 (6.11%) MS PowerPoint
2 1 (0.76%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (0.76%) Oracle Receivables
1 1 (0.76%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 2 (1.53%) IaaS
1 2 (1.53%) PaaS
1 2 (1.53%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (5.34%) Internet
2 3 (2.29%) FTP
3 1 (0.76%) LDAP
3 1 (0.76%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (26.72%) DB2
2 17 (12.98%) Oracle Database
3 6 (4.58%) RDBMS
3 6 (4.58%) Relational Database
4 5 (3.82%) Oracle Reports
5 3 (2.29%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (2.29%) Hadoop
5 3 (2.29%) Pentaho
6 2 (1.53%) Big Data
6 2 (1.53%) BusinessObjects
6 2 (1.53%) DataStage
6 2 (1.53%) IDMS
7 1 (0.76%) Easytrieve
7 1 (0.76%) OLAP
7 1 (0.76%) OLTP
7 1 (0.76%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (0.76%) Oracle OLAP
7 1 (0.76%) SQL Server
7 1 (0.76%) SQL Server 2008
7 1 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 18 (13.74%) StarTeam
2 7 (5.34%) Visual Studio
3 4 (3.05%) Dreamweaver
3 4 (3.05%) Eclipse
4 2 (1.53%) ChangeMan
4 2 (1.53%) ERwin
5 1 (0.76%) MagicDraw
5 1 (0.76%) Oracle Forms
5 1 (0.76%) PowerBuilder
5 1 (0.76%) Rhino Mocks
5 1 (0.76%) Selenium
5 1 (0.76%) Synon
5 1 (0.76%) Team Foundation Server
5 1 (0.76%) Toad
General
1 23 (17.56%) Finance
2 14 (10.69%) Banking
3 5 (3.82%) Telecoms
4 4 (3.05%) Manufacturing
5 2 (1.53%) Back Office
5 2 (1.53%) French Language
5 2 (1.53%) Retail
6 1 (0.76%) Billing
6 1 (0.76%) Dutch Language
6 1 (0.76%) Electronics
6 1 (0.76%) Marketing
6 1 (0.76%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 66 (50.38%) Developer
2 35 (26.72%) COBOL Developer
3 23 (17.56%) Analyst
4 10 (7.63%) Lead Developer
5 9 (6.87%) Programmer
6 8 (6.11%) Operations Engineer
6 8 (6.11%) Senior Developer
6 8 (6.11%) Senior Operations Engineer
7 7 (5.34%) Business Analyst
8 6 (4.58%) Architect
8 6 (4.58%) Test Analyst
9 5 (3.82%) COBOL Analyst
9 5 (3.82%) DBA
10 4 (3.05%) Analyst Programmer
10 4 (3.05%) Project Manager
10 4 (3.05%) Software Engineer
10 4 (3.05%) Solutions Architect
10 4 (3.05%) Unix Developer
11 3 (2.29%) Administrator
11 3 (2.29%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (9.92%) Web Services
1 13 (9.92%) XML
2 11 (8.40%) .NET
3 8 (6.11%) HTML
4 4 (3.05%) .NET Framework
5 3 (2.29%) ASP.NET
6 2 (1.53%) ASP.NET MVC
6 2 (1.53%) ISPF
7 1 (0.76%) ADO.NET
7 1 (0.76%) CSS
7 1 (0.76%) jQuery
7 1 (0.76%) JSON
7 1 (0.76%) Lucene
7 1 (0.76%) REST
7 1 (0.76%) SOAP
7 1 (0.76%) WCF
7 1 (0.76%) XML Schema
Miscellaneous
1 43 (32.82%) Mainframe
2 20 (15.27%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (8.40%) IBM Mainframe
4 7 (5.34%) Client/Server
5 6 (4.58%) Clustering
6 5 (3.82%) Computer Science
7 4 (3.05%) VSAM
8 3 (2.29%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.53%) AS400
9 2 (1.53%) iSeries
10 1 (0.76%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.76%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.76%) iPad
10 1 (0.76%) Mobile App
10 1 (0.76%) PDA
10 1 (0.76%) Reference Data
10 1 (0.76%) Replication
10 1 (0.76%) Taxonomies
10 1 (0.76%) VAX
Operating Systems
1 33 (25.19%) VME
2 22 (16.79%) Linux
3 16 (12.21%) Unix
4 11 (8.40%) MVS
5 7 (5.34%) Windows
6 3 (2.29%) AIX
6 3 (2.29%) SUSE
6 3 (2.29%) zOS
7 1 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (16.79%) Software Engineering
2 19 (14.50%) ITIL
3 16 (12.21%) Agile Software Development
4 14 (10.69%) TDD
5 13 (9.92%) Service Management
6 12 (9.16%) Integration Testing
7 11 (8.40%) Data Management
7 11 (8.40%) Unit Testing
8 10 (7.63%) ITSM
9 9 (6.87%) Change Management
9 9 (6.87%) Migration
10 8 (6.11%) Performance Tuning
11 7 (5.34%) Continuous Delivery
11 7 (5.34%) DevOps
11 7 (5.34%) High Availability
12 5 (3.82%) Business Analysis
12 5 (3.82%) Problem Management
12 5 (3.82%) Systems Analysis
12 5 (3.82%) Test Scripting
12 5 (3.82%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 35 (26.72%) Java
2 29 (22.14%) JCL
3 21 (16.03%) SQL
4 18 (13.74%) C#
5 15 (11.45%) C
6 7 (5.34%) C++
6 7 (5.34%) VB
6 7 (5.34%) VC++
7 6 (4.58%) Bash Shell
7 6 (4.58%) Shell Script
8 4 (3.05%) Assembly Language
9 3 (2.29%) R
9 3 (2.29%) RPG
10 2 (1.53%) LINC
10 2 (1.53%) PL/SQL
10 2 (1.53%) REXX
11 1 (0.76%) Fortran
11 1 (0.76%) JavaScript
11 1 (0.76%) SPARQL
11 1 (0.76%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 6 (4.58%) BPSS Clearance
2 5 (3.82%) Security Cleared
3 3 (2.29%) Degree
4 1 (0.76%) ISEB
4 1 (0.76%) ISTQB
4 1 (0.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 1 (0.76%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (4.58%) QA
2 5 (3.82%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (2.29%) SLA
4 1 (0.76%) Data Quality
System Software
1 19 (14.50%) Virtual Machines
2 3 (2.29%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 3 (2.29%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
3 2 (1.53%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (0.76%) RACF
Systems Management
1 3 (2.29%) Tivoli
2 2 (1.53%) CA Endevor
2 2 (1.53%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.76%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 36 (27.48%) Oracle
2 23 (17.56%) HP
2 23 (17.56%) ICL
3 20 (15.27%) IBM
3 20 (15.27%) Micro Focus
4 14 (10.69%) Microsoft
5 7 (5.34%) Informatica
6 3 (2.29%) Fujitsu
6 3 (2.29%) JD Edwards
6 3 (2.29%) SAP
6 3 (2.29%) ServiceNow
6 3 (2.29%) Unisys
7 2 (1.53%) Ab Initio
7 2 (1.53%) Remedy
7 2 (1.53%) Teradata
7 2 (1.53%) TIBCO
8 1 (0.76%) BMC
8 1 (0.76%) Compuware
8 1 (0.76%) Infor
8 1 (0.76%) webMethods