Period
to 22 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 22 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
22 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 76 79 89
Rank change year-on-year +3 +10 -8
Permanent jobs citing Spring 1,243 1,758 2,188
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.94% 3.94% 3.61%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.06% 9.65% 9.10%
Number of salaries quoted 901 1,460 1,800
10th Percentile £51,250 £46,125 £45,000
25th Percentile £61,250 £55,000 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £98,750 £97,500
England median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +9.09%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,718 18,215 24,045
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 43.53% 40.85% 39.72%
Number of salaries quoted 10,609 15,147 20,118
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £54,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +1.85% +8.00%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Salary trend for Spring in London

Spring
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 22 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 223 £72,500 +3.57% 71
South London +41 60 £60,902 +2.14% 4
East London -2 4 £112,500 +32.35% 12
West London -26 4 £70,000 +12.00% 46
North London +31 3 - - 1
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 22 April 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,180 (94.93%) Java
2 712 (57.28%) Agile Software Development
3 689 (55.43%) Microservices
4 673 (54.14%) Spring Boot
5 513 (41.27%) Docker
6 447 (35.96%) TDD
7 395 (31.78%) Java 8
8 393 (31.62%) AWS
9 389 (31.30%) Finance
10 387 (31.13%) Kubernetes
11 337 (27.11%) Git (software)
12 333 (26.79%) Software Engineering
12 333 (26.79%) JavaScript
13 324 (26.07%) SQL
14 323 (25.99%) DevOps
15 284 (22.85%) Kafka
16 261 (21.00%) REST
17 247 (19.87%) Hibernate
18 244 (19.63%) Jenkins
19 241 (19.39%) React
20 233 (18.74%) RESTful
20 233 (18.74%) Continuous Integration
21 224 (18.02%) Maven
22 208 (16.73%) Fintech
23 203 (16.33%) Scrum
23 203 (16.33%) PostgreSQL
24 202 (16.25%) Web Services
24 202 (16.25%) Node.js
25 201 (16.17%) AngularJS
26 197 (15.85%) Banking

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (7.24%) Elasticsearch
2 54 (4.34%) Tomcat
3 52 (4.18%) Apache
3 52 (4.18%) Confluence
4 45 (3.62%) Apache Spark
5 19 (1.53%) WebSphere
6 16 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
6 16 (1.29%) nginx
7 14 (1.13%) Apache TomEE
8 12 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 9 (0.72%) IIS
9 9 (0.72%) OpenStack
10 8 (0.64%) Apache Solr
10 8 (0.64%) JBoss
11 7 (0.56%) CMS
12 6 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.48%) Jetty
12 6 (0.48%) Red Hat Fuse
12 6 (0.48%) Tornado
13 5 (0.40%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 24 (1.93%) InVision
1 24 (1.93%) Sketch
2 11 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (0.88%) R3 Corda
2 5 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.32%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 4 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.080%) Maximo
6 1 (0.080%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.080%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.080%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 393 (31.62%) AWS
2 158 (12.71%) Azure
3 130 (10.46%) GCP
4 102 (8.21%) SaaS
5 47 (3.78%) Serverless
6 42 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
7 41 (3.30%) PaaS
8 40 (3.22%) GitHub
8 40 (3.22%) OpenShift
9 35 (2.82%) Cloud Computing
10 32 (2.57%) Amazon ECS
11 29 (2.33%) Amazon SQS
12 27 (2.17%) Amazon EKS
13 26 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
14 19 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
14 19 (1.53%) IaaS
15 15 (1.21%) Amazon Alexa
15 15 (1.21%) AWS CodeBuild
15 15 (1.21%) IBM Cloud
16 14 (1.13%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.17%) HTTP
2 16 (1.29%) AMQP
3 12 (0.97%) Internet
4 4 (0.32%) SSH
5 2 (0.16%) Firewall
5 2 (0.16%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.16%) SMS
5 2 (0.16%) SSL
6 1 (0.080%) 5G
6 1 (0.080%) FTP
6 1 (0.080%) MQTT
6 1 (0.080%) SMPP
6 1 (0.080%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.080%) VLAN
6 1 (0.080%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 203 (16.33%) PostgreSQL
2 139 (11.18%) Relational Database
3 133 (10.70%) NoSQL
4 110 (8.85%) MongoDB
5 93 (7.48%) MySQL
6 52 (4.18%) Redis
7 50 (4.02%) SQL Server
8 46 (3.70%) Big Data
9 45 (3.62%) Hazelcast
10 44 (3.54%) RDBMS
11 42 (3.38%) Hadoop
12 35 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
13 31 (2.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 29 (2.33%) Couchbase
15 23 (1.85%) Blockchain
16 13 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
16 13 (1.05%) CockroachDB
17 12 (0.97%) Oracle Database
18 9 (0.72%) DB2
19 8 (0.64%) HBase
Development Applications
1 337 (27.11%) Git (software)
2 244 (19.63%) Jenkins
3 224 (18.02%) Maven
4 143 (11.50%) JUnit
5 117 (9.41%) JIRA
6 103 (8.29%) Mockito
7 95 (7.64%) Gradle
8 77 (6.19%) SonarQube
9 60 (4.83%) Selenium
10 48 (3.86%) Cucumber
11 38 (3.06%) GitLab
12 37 (2.98%) Bitbucket
13 34 (2.74%) DbUnit
13 34 (2.74%) jMock
14 29 (2.33%) Cypress.io
15 27 (2.17%) Artifactory
16 25 (2.01%) gulp
17 24 (1.93%) PostCSS
18 21 (1.69%) IntelliJ
19 20 (1.61%) webpack
General
1 389 (31.30%) Finance
2 197 (15.85%) Banking
3 99 (7.96%) Games
4 76 (6.11%) Retail
5 63 (5.07%) Public Sector
6 46 (3.70%) Front Office
7 39 (3.14%) Investment Banking
8 27 (2.17%) Marketing
9 21 (1.69%) Back Office
10 18 (1.45%) Online Betting
11 16 (1.29%) Billing
12 13 (1.05%) Private Banking
12 13 (1.05%) Telecoms
13 12 (0.97%) Legal
14 11 (0.88%) Electronics
15 9 (0.72%) Advertising
15 9 (0.72%) Publishing
16 8 (0.64%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.48%) Law
18 4 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 802 (64.52%) Developer
2 609 (48.99%) Java Developer
3 197 (15.85%) Senior Developer
4 175 (14.08%) Java Engineer
5 146 (11.75%) Software Engineer
6 130 (10.46%) Senior Java Developer
7 110 (8.85%) Full Stack Developer
8 61 (4.91%) Java Software Engineer
9 59 (4.75%) Backend Developer
10 52 (4.18%) React Developer
11 51 (4.10%) Lead Developer
12 44 (3.54%) Architect
13 41 (3.30%) Lead Java Developer
14 39 (3.14%) Senior Java Engineer
15 34 (2.74%) Senior Software Engineer
16 31 (2.49%) Software Developer
17 30 (2.41%) Angular Developer
17 30 (2.41%) AWS Developer
18 28 (2.25%) Java Architect
18 28 (2.25%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 673 (54.14%) Spring Boot
2 284 (22.85%) Kafka
3 261 (21.00%) REST
4 247 (19.87%) Hibernate
5 241 (19.39%) React
6 233 (18.74%) RESTful
7 202 (16.25%) Node.js
7 202 (16.25%) Web Services
8 201 (16.17%) AngularJS
9 179 (14.40%) HTML
10 145 (11.67%) CSS
11 102 (8.21%) HTML5
12 79 (6.36%) Spring Cloud
13 75 (6.03%) SOAP
14 74 (5.95%) GraphQL
15 72 (5.79%) JSON
16 70 (5.63%) RabbitMQ
17 61 (4.91%) JPA
18 58 (4.67%) Java EE
19 51 (4.10%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 97 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
2 72 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
3 70 (5.63%) User Experience
4 66 (5.31%) Mobile App
5 64 (5.15%) Self-Motivation
6 59 (4.75%) Enterprise Software
7 54 (4.34%) Algorithms
8 43 (3.46%) Cloud Native
9 41 (3.30%) Data Structures
10 38 (3.06%) NHS
11 35 (2.82%) Online Games
12 25 (2.01%) Derivative
13 23 (1.85%) iPad
14 22 (1.77%) Market Risk
15 19 (1.53%) Blog
15 19 (1.53%) Equities
15 19 (1.53%) Media Streaming
16 17 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 17 (1.37%) Over-the-Top Content
16 17 (1.37%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 153 (12.31%) Linux
2 53 (4.26%) Unix
3 25 (2.01%) Android
4 18 (1.45%) Apple iOS
5 15 (1.21%) Windows
6 12 (0.97%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.56%) Solaris
8 5 (0.40%) CentOS
9 4 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 712 (57.28%) Agile Software Development
2 689 (55.43%) Microservices
3 447 (35.96%) TDD
4 333 (26.79%) Software Engineering
5 323 (25.99%) DevOps
6 233 (18.74%) Continuous Integration
7 208 (16.73%) Fintech
8 203 (16.33%) Scrum
9 186 (14.96%) BDD
10 179 (14.40%) Test Automation
11 121 (9.73%) Mentoring
12 114 (9.17%) Problem-Solving
13 109 (8.77%) Multithreading
14 104 (8.37%) OO
15 96 (7.72%) Continuous Delivery
15 96 (7.72%) SDLC
16 92 (7.40%) Open Source
17 88 (7.08%) Computer Science
18 85 (6.84%) Pair Programming
19 76 (6.11%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,180 (94.93%) Java
2 395 (31.78%) Java 8
3 333 (26.79%) JavaScript
4 324 (26.07%) SQL
5 187 (15.04%) Kotlin
6 175 (14.08%) Python
7 125 (10.06%) TypeScript
8 108 (8.69%) Scala
9 71 (5.71%) C#
10 40 (3.22%) ES6
11 39 (3.14%) Shell Script
12 38 (3.06%) Groovy
13 34 (2.74%) Bash Shell
14 31 (2.49%) PL/SQL
15 27 (2.17%) ES7
16 21 (1.69%) C++
16 21 (1.69%) Go
17 13 (1.05%) C
18 12 (0.97%) Perl
19 11 (0.88%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 98 (7.88%) Degree
2 45 (3.62%) Security Cleared
3 42 (3.38%) SC Cleared
4 38 (3.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (1.93%) SANS
6 18 (1.45%) Master's Degree
7 11 (0.88%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 5 (0.40%) DBS Check
8 5 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.32%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.080%) PhD
11 1 (0.080%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 104 (8.37%) QA
2 25 (2.01%) WCAG
3 8 (0.64%) SLA
4 6 (0.48%) MiFID
5 4 (0.32%) EMIR
5 4 (0.32%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.24%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.080%) GRC
System Software
1 513 (41.27%) Docker
2 9 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
2 9 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (0.64%) Hyper-V
3 8 (0.64%) Postfix
4 7 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.24%) OpenAM
5 3 (0.24%) OpenDJ
6 2 (0.16%) HDFS
7 1 (0.080%) KVM
7 1 (0.080%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 387 (31.13%) Kubernetes
2 45 (3.62%) Terraform
3 38 (3.06%) Ansible
4 17 (1.37%) Prometheus
5 13 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.80%) Grafana
6 10 (0.80%) Puppet
7 8 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
8 4 (0.32%) Rancher
8 4 (0.32%) Zipkin
9 3 (0.24%) HAProxy
9 3 (0.24%) Istio
10 2 (0.16%) CloudHub
10 2 (0.16%) Salt
10 2 (0.16%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.080%) Control-M
11 1 (0.080%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.080%) Kibana
11 1 (0.080%) Nagios
11 1 (0.080%) Opsview
Vendors
1 112 (9.01%) Google
2 87 (7.00%) Oracle
3 49 (3.94%) Microsoft
4 42 (3.38%) IBM
5 24 (1.93%) MuleSoft
6 22 (1.77%) Red Hat
7 21 (1.69%) Guidewire
8 17 (1.37%) SAP
9 13 (1.05%) Atlassian
10 12 (0.97%) Splunk
10 12 (0.97%) TIBCO
11 11 (0.88%) Solace
11 11 (0.88%) VMware
12 10 (0.80%) Sybase
13 9 (0.72%) Databricks
14 7 (0.56%) hybris
15 6 (0.48%) Adobe
15 6 (0.48%) New Relic
15 6 (0.48%) Spotify
16 5 (0.40%) ForgeRock