Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 70 86 87
Rank change year-on-year +16 +1 -12
Permanent jobs citing Spring 2,377 705 1,933
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.66% 3.54% 3.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.90% 7.81% 9.06%
Number of salaries quoted 1,210 592 1,613
10th Percentile £52,500 £51,300 £45,000
25th Percentile £65,000 £58,750 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £72,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.34% - +7.41%
75th Percentile £97,500 £87,500 £87,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £100,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,010 9,032 21,334
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 47.11% 45.37% 39.27%
Number of salaries quoted 13,665 7,857 17,962
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £51,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £112,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Salary trend for Spring in London

Spring
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +3 230 £82,500 +17.86% 103
West London -35 52 £64,000 -17.42% 48
South London -6 47 £70,000 +3.70% 4
East London - 11 £100,000 - 25
North London -15 1 £150,000 +328.57% 6
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,260 (95.08%) Java
2 1,365 (57.43%) Agile Software Development
3 1,330 (55.95%) Spring Boot
4 1,276 (53.68%) Microservices
5 1,051 (44.22%) Docker
6 895 (37.65%) Kubernetes
7 859 (36.14%) AWS
8 843 (35.46%) Finance
9 806 (33.91%) TDD
10 705 (29.66%) JavaScript
11 701 (29.49%) Software Engineering
12 641 (26.97%) Social Skills
13 640 (26.92%) SQL
14 638 (26.84%) DevOps
15 613 (25.79%) Git (software)
16 612 (25.75%) React
17 596 (25.07%) Jenkins
18 561 (23.60%) Kafka
19 556 (23.39%) REST
20 508 (21.37%) Java 8
21 504 (21.20%) AngularJS
22 485 (20.40%) Azure
23 443 (18.64%) Full Stack Development
24 442 (18.59%) NoSQL
25 440 (18.51%) Continuous Integration
26 427 (17.96%) Scrum
26 427 (17.96%) Relational Database
27 414 (17.42%) Problem-Solving
28 411 (17.29%) Hibernate
29 383 (16.11%) GCP

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (4.92%) Elasticsearch
2 112 (4.71%) Apache
3 85 (3.58%) Apache Spark
4 81 (3.41%) Tomcat
5 71 (2.99%) Confluence
6 57 (2.40%) nginx
7 30 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
8 25 (1.05%) Apache Pulsar
8 25 (1.05%) IIS
9 23 (0.97%) WebSphere
10 22 (0.93%) CMS
10 22 (0.93%) Mule
11 20 (0.84%) MQSeries
12 16 (0.67%) Apache TomEE
12 16 (0.67%) Camunda
13 14 (0.59%) JBoss
14 13 (0.55%) Anypoint
14 13 (0.55%) Apache Solr
14 13 (0.55%) Mule ESB
15 10 (0.42%) WebLogic
Applications
1 29 (1.22%) InVision
1 29 (1.22%) Sketch
2 10 (0.42%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (0.42%) Adobe XD
2 10 (0.42%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.21%) Figma
4 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.13%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.042%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 9 (0.38%) R3 Corda
2 8 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
3 6 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.084%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 2 (0.084%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 1 (0.042%) Magento
6 1 (0.042%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 859 (36.14%) AWS
2 485 (20.40%) Azure
3 383 (16.11%) GCP
4 203 (8.54%) GitHub
5 162 (6.82%) Serverless
6 149 (6.27%) OpenShift
7 110 (4.63%) SaaS
8 83 (3.49%) AWS Lambda
9 71 (2.99%) Cloud Computing
10 57 (2.40%) PaaS
11 54 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
12 39 (1.64%) Amazon ECS
13 36 (1.51%) Amazon EKS
14 33 (1.39%) Amazon Kinesis
14 33 (1.39%) npm
15 30 (1.26%) Amazon S3
16 29 (1.22%) Azure Functions
17 27 (1.14%) Amazon SQS
18 25 (1.05%) Yarn
19 21 (0.88%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 136 (5.72%) HTTP
2 40 (1.68%) AMQP
3 33 (1.39%) Internet
4 17 (0.72%) Firewall
5 15 (0.63%) SSL
6 10 (0.42%) SMS
7 9 (0.38%) WPA
8 8 (0.34%) Broadband
9 6 (0.25%) SWIFTNet
9 6 (0.25%) TCP/IP
10 5 (0.21%) RIP
11 2 (0.084%) SMPP
11 2 (0.084%) Unified Communications
12 1 (0.042%) Calico
12 1 (0.042%) DNS
12 1 (0.042%) HTTPS
12 1 (0.042%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 442 (18.59%) NoSQL
2 427 (17.96%) Relational Database
3 302 (12.71%) PostgreSQL
4 256 (10.77%) MongoDB
5 195 (8.20%) MySQL
6 162 (6.82%) Redis
7 131 (5.51%) RDBMS
8 127 (5.34%) Big Data
9 121 (5.09%) Apache Cassandra
10 85 (3.58%) SQL Server
11 67 (2.82%) Blockchain
12 64 (2.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 60 (2.52%) Hadoop
14 58 (2.44%) Hazelcast
15 57 (2.40%) DB2
16 46 (1.94%) Amazon RDS
17 33 (1.39%) Oracle Database
18 26 (1.09%) SQLite
19 24 (1.01%) Amazon Aurora
20 23 (0.97%) HBase
Development Applications
1 613 (25.79%) Git (software)
2 596 (25.07%) Jenkins
3 341 (14.35%) Maven
4 244 (10.27%) JUnit
5 172 (7.24%) Gradle
6 166 (6.98%) Mockito
7 150 (6.31%) JIRA
8 95 (4.00%) GitLab
9 81 (3.41%) IntelliJ
10 73 (3.07%) webpack
11 70 (2.94%) SonarQube
12 67 (2.82%) Cucumber
13 63 (2.65%) Eclipse
14 53 (2.23%) Bitbucket
14 53 (2.23%) Selenium
15 51 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 49 (2.06%) Sonatype Nexus
16 49 (2.06%) Subversion
17 45 (1.89%) Artifactory
18 42 (1.77%) gulp
General
1 843 (35.46%) Finance
2 641 (26.97%) Social Skills
3 268 (11.27%) Banking
4 154 (6.48%) Analytical Skills
5 126 (5.30%) Retail
6 120 (5.05%) Games
7 99 (4.16%) Investment Banking
8 83 (3.49%) Front Office
9 74 (3.11%) Public Sector
10 67 (2.82%) Financial Institution
11 66 (2.78%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 55 (2.31%) Telecoms
13 51 (2.15%) Back Office
14 38 (1.60%) Advertising
15 31 (1.30%) Manufacturing
15 31 (1.30%) Presentation Skills
16 29 (1.22%) Documentation Skills
16 29 (1.22%) Influencing Skills
17 27 (1.14%) Retail Banking
18 25 (1.05%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,353 (56.92%) Developer
2 1,002 (42.15%) Java Developer
3 408 (17.16%) Senior Developer
4 389 (16.37%) Software Engineer
5 358 (15.06%) Java Engineer
6 330 (13.88%) Senior Java Developer
7 178 (7.49%) Senior Software Engineer
8 167 (7.03%) Senior Java Engineer
9 140 (5.89%) Full Stack Developer
10 123 (5.17%) Java Software Engineer
11 122 (5.13%) Backend Developer
12 108 (4.54%) Architect
13 95 (4.00%) Lead Developer
14 91 (3.83%) Technical Leader
15 66 (2.78%) Senior Java Software Engineer
16 63 (2.65%) Lead Java Developer
17 59 (2.48%) React Developer
18 55 (2.31%) Software Developer
19 54 (2.27%) Java Software Developer
20 52 (2.19%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,330 (55.95%) Spring Boot
2 612 (25.75%) React
3 561 (23.60%) Kafka
4 556 (23.39%) REST
5 504 (21.20%) AngularJS
6 411 (17.29%) Hibernate
7 375 (15.78%) RESTful
8 320 (13.46%) Node.js
9 318 (13.38%) HTML
10 312 (13.13%) CSS
11 298 (12.54%) Web Services
12 194 (8.16%) JSON
13 160 (6.73%) GraphQL
13 160 (6.73%) RabbitMQ
14 152 (6.39%) HTML5
15 147 (6.18%) XML
16 135 (5.68%) Middleware
17 132 (5.55%) J2EE
17 132 (5.55%) Java EE
18 124 (5.22%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 146 (6.14%) User Experience
2 140 (5.89%) Algorithms
3 138 (5.81%) Data Structures
4 124 (5.22%) Enterprise Software
5 120 (5.05%) Greenfield Project
6 115 (4.84%) Cloud Native
7 88 (3.70%) Public Cloud
8 82 (3.45%) Derivative
9 81 (3.41%) Virtual Team
10 74 (3.11%) Mobile App
11 71 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
12 50 (2.10%) Online Games
13 36 (1.51%) SWIFT
14 34 (1.43%) Data Centre
15 33 (1.39%) Video\Live Streaming
16 32 (1.35%) Social Network
17 31 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 30 (1.26%) Digital Media
18 30 (1.26%) NHS
19 27 (1.14%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 305 (12.83%) Linux
2 151 (6.35%) Unix
3 72 (3.03%) Windows
4 35 (1.47%) Android
4 35 (1.47%) Apple iOS
5 23 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 19 (0.80%) Mac OS X
7 14 (0.59%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.21%) VMS
9 3 (0.13%) CentOS
10 1 (0.042%) Alpine Linux
10 1 (0.042%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.042%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.042%) Debian
10 1 (0.042%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,365 (57.43%) Agile Software Development
2 1,276 (53.68%) Microservices
3 806 (33.91%) TDD
4 701 (29.49%) Software Engineering
5 638 (26.84%) DevOps
6 443 (18.64%) Full Stack Development
7 440 (18.51%) Continuous Integration
8 427 (17.96%) Scrum
9 414 (17.42%) Problem-Solving
10 336 (14.14%) Open Source
11 334 (14.05%) Test Automation
12 288 (12.12%) Fintech
13 268 (11.27%) BDD
14 264 (11.11%) Computer Science
15 262 (11.02%) Mentoring
16 233 (9.80%) OO
17 223 (9.38%) Continuous Delivery
18 209 (8.79%) Event-Driven
19 203 (8.54%) SDLC
20 201 (8.46%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,260 (95.08%) Java
2 705 (29.66%) JavaScript
3 640 (26.92%) SQL
4 508 (21.37%) Java 8
5 304 (12.79%) Python
6 286 (12.03%) TypeScript
7 271 (11.40%) Kotlin
8 216 (9.09%) Java 11
9 155 (6.52%) C#
9 155 (6.52%) Scala
10 70 (2.94%) C++
11 64 (2.69%) ES6
12 62 (2.61%) C
13 61 (2.57%) Groovy
14 60 (2.52%) Shell Script
15 52 (2.19%) Bash Shell
16 51 (2.15%) Go
17 31 (1.30%) Objective-C
18 27 (1.14%) PL/SQL
19 22 (0.93%) ES7
Qualifications
1 294 (12.37%) Degree
2 153 (6.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 74 (3.11%) Security Cleared
4 65 (2.73%) SC Cleared
5 53 (2.23%) Master's Degree
6 15 (0.63%) SANS
7 6 (0.25%) SAFe Agilist
8 5 (0.21%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.17%) A+ Certification
9 4 (0.17%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 4 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.084%) MBA
10 2 (0.084%) OCP
10 2 (0.084%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.084%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.042%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.042%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.042%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (8.96%) QA
2 23 (0.97%) MiFID
3 21 (0.88%) EMIR
4 15 (0.63%) Accessibility
4 15 (0.63%) WCAG
5 9 (0.38%) SLA
6 7 (0.29%) ISO 20022
7 6 (0.25%) ISO 15022
8 5 (0.21%) IEC 62304
8 5 (0.21%) ISO 13485
9 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.13%) GDPR
10 2 (0.084%) COREP
10 2 (0.084%) GRC
10 2 (0.084%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,051 (44.22%) Docker
2 23 (0.97%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 23 (0.97%) Postfix
3 22 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.46%) ISA Server
6 9 (0.38%) HDFS
7 1 (0.042%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.042%) Varnish
7 1 (0.042%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 895 (37.65%) Kubernetes
2 287 (12.07%) Terraform
3 193 (8.12%) Ansible
4 67 (2.82%) Grafana
5 61 (2.57%) Puppet
6 52 (2.19%) Prometheus
7 43 (1.81%) Istio
8 34 (1.43%) Opscode Chef
9 24 (1.01%) Hadoop YARN
10 22 (0.93%) Kibana
11 20 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (0.63%) Mesos
13 14 (0.59%) HAProxy
13 14 (0.59%) linkerd
13 14 (0.59%) logstash
14 7 (0.29%) Consul
14 7 (0.29%) Packer
15 6 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
16 5 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
17 3 (0.13%) Salt
Vendors
1 257 (10.81%) Oracle
2 155 (6.52%) Google
3 83 (3.49%) Microsoft
4 65 (2.73%) Splunk
5 57 (2.40%) Red Hat
6 50 (2.10%) Atlassian
7 42 (1.77%) Sybase
8 35 (1.47%) MuleSoft
9 32 (1.35%) IBM
9 32 (1.35%) Solace
10 30 (1.26%) LexisNexis
11 27 (1.14%) SAP
12 26 (1.09%) Bloomberg
13 21 (0.88%) Adobe
13 21 (0.88%) TIBCO
14 20 (0.84%) Murex
15 17 (0.72%) VMware
16 16 (0.67%) Sony
17 15 (0.63%) Confluent
17 15 (0.63%) Greenplum