Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 70 94 89
Rank change year-on-year +24 -5 -14
Permanent jobs citing Spring 2,051 982 1,995
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.55% 3.43% 3.49%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.53% 8.10% 8.96%
Number of salaries quoted 1,034 831 1,666
10th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £45,000
25th Percentile £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £76,000 £72,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.83% +3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,513 12,129 22,264
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 47.78% 42.33% 38.96%
Number of salaries quoted 12,640 10,142 18,832
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £40,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £107,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Salary trend for Spring in London

Spring
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 228 £80,000 +14.29% 104
South London +28 60 £67,500 +5.88% 8
West London -35 36 £63,250 -0.78% 49
East London -3 4 £91,250 +37.74% 24
North London +17 3 - -
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,943 (94.73%) Java
2 1,199 (58.46%) Agile Software Development
3 1,092 (53.24%) Spring Boot
4 1,064 (51.88%) Microservices
5 881 (42.95%) Docker
6 726 (35.40%) Kubernetes
7 724 (35.30%) TDD
8 715 (34.86%) Finance
8 715 (34.86%) AWS
9 628 (30.62%) Software Engineering
10 607 (29.60%) JavaScript
11 605 (29.50%) SQL
11 605 (29.50%) Git (software)
12 540 (26.33%) Social Skills
13 536 (26.13%) React
14 529 (25.79%) DevOps
15 522 (25.45%) Java 8
16 510 (24.87%) REST
17 485 (23.65%) Jenkins
18 483 (23.55%) Kafka
19 424 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
20 409 (19.94%) AngularJS
21 404 (19.70%) Full Stack Development
22 384 (18.72%) Hibernate
23 370 (18.04%) Maven
24 359 (17.50%) Azure
24 359 (17.50%) Scrum
25 351 (17.11%) RESTful
25 351 (17.11%) Relational Database
26 347 (16.92%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (6.24%) Apache
2 99 (4.83%) Elasticsearch
3 97 (4.73%) Apache Spark
4 91 (4.44%) Tomcat
5 69 (3.36%) Confluence
6 57 (2.78%) nginx
7 26 (1.27%) Apache Pulsar
7 26 (1.27%) Apache TomEE
8 22 (1.07%) IIS
9 19 (0.93%) JBoss
10 16 (0.78%) WebSphere
11 15 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (0.44%) Apache Solr
13 9 (0.44%) MQSeries
14 8 (0.39%) CMS
14 8 (0.39%) Red Hat Fuse
15 6 (0.29%) Jetty
16 5 (0.24%) GlassFish
16 5 (0.24%) SharePoint
Applications
1 38 (1.85%) InVision
1 38 (1.85%) Sketch
2 10 (0.49%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (0.49%) Adobe XD
2 10 (0.49%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (0.54%) R3 Corda
2 8 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
4 5 (0.24%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.098%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 2 (0.098%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.049%) SunGard Martini
7 1 (0.049%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 715 (34.86%) AWS
2 359 (17.50%) Azure
3 256 (12.48%) GCP
4 153 (7.46%) SaaS
5 133 (6.48%) GitHub
6 111 (5.41%) Serverless
7 98 (4.78%) OpenShift
8 61 (2.97%) AWS Lambda
9 57 (2.78%) Amazon EC2
10 48 (2.34%) PaaS
11 42 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
12 38 (1.85%) Amazon ECS
13 37 (1.80%) Amazon SQS
14 34 (1.66%) Amazon EKS
15 32 (1.56%) npm
16 26 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
16 26 (1.27%) Amazon S3
16 26 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
16 26 (1.27%) IaaS
17 20 (0.98%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 125 (6.09%) HTTP
2 49 (2.39%) AMQP
3 22 (1.07%) Internet
4 10 (0.49%) SSL
5 8 (0.39%) SMS
6 6 (0.29%) SWIFTNet
7 4 (0.20%) Broadband
7 4 (0.20%) Firewall
7 4 (0.20%) SSH
8 3 (0.15%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.049%) 5G
9 1 (0.049%) Calico
9 1 (0.049%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.049%) OpenLDAP
9 1 (0.049%) Unified Communications
9 1 (0.049%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (17.11%) Relational Database
2 347 (16.92%) NoSQL
3 309 (15.07%) PostgreSQL
4 232 (11.31%) MongoDB
5 161 (7.85%) MySQL
6 138 (6.73%) Redis
7 113 (5.51%) Big Data
8 98 (4.78%) RDBMS
9 97 (4.73%) Apache Cassandra
10 72 (3.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 64 (3.12%) Hadoop
12 62 (3.02%) SQL Server
13 52 (2.54%) DB2
13 52 (2.54%) Hazelcast
14 47 (2.29%) Amazon RDS
15 34 (1.66%) Blockchain
15 34 (1.66%) Oracle Database
16 30 (1.46%) SQLite
17 25 (1.22%) Couchbase
18 22 (1.07%) HBase
Development Applications
1 605 (29.50%) Git (software)
2 485 (23.65%) Jenkins
3 370 (18.04%) Maven
4 241 (11.75%) JUnit
5 183 (8.92%) Gradle
6 179 (8.73%) Mockito
7 154 (7.51%) JIRA
8 117 (5.70%) SonarQube
9 77 (3.75%) IntelliJ
10 74 (3.61%) GitLab
11 72 (3.51%) Cucumber
12 71 (3.46%) webpack
13 68 (3.32%) Eclipse
14 61 (2.97%) Selenium
15 55 (2.68%) Bitbucket
15 55 (2.68%) Bitbucket Server
16 50 (2.44%) gulp
17 43 (2.10%) Artifactory
18 41 (2.00%) DbUnit
18 41 (2.00%) jMock
General
1 715 (34.86%) Finance
2 540 (26.33%) Social Skills
3 261 (12.73%) Banking
4 130 (6.34%) Analytical Skills
5 126 (6.14%) Retail
6 123 (6.00%) Games
7 96 (4.68%) Investment Banking
8 82 (4.00%) Front Office
9 80 (3.90%) Public Sector
10 52 (2.54%) Back Office
11 43 (2.10%) Documentation Skills
12 40 (1.95%) Financial Institution
13 35 (1.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 33 (1.61%) Advertising
14 33 (1.61%) Telecoms
15 27 (1.32%) Law
16 26 (1.27%) Presentation Skills
17 25 (1.22%) Manufacturing
18 24 (1.17%) Marketing
19 16 (0.78%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 1,208 (58.90%) Developer
2 878 (42.81%) Java Developer
3 320 (15.60%) Software Engineer
4 305 (14.87%) Java Engineer
5 302 (14.72%) Senior Developer
6 230 (11.21%) Senior Java Developer
7 165 (8.04%) Full Stack Developer
8 134 (6.53%) Senior Java Engineer
9 125 (6.09%) Senior Software Engineer
10 109 (5.31%) Backend Developer
11 89 (4.34%) Java Software Engineer
12 86 (4.19%) Lead Developer
13 65 (3.17%) React Developer
14 61 (2.97%) Lead Java Developer
15 57 (2.78%) Architect
16 47 (2.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 47 (2.29%) Java Software Developer
17 44 (2.15%) Technical Leader
18 38 (1.85%) Senior Java Software Engineer
18 38 (1.85%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,092 (53.24%) Spring Boot
2 536 (26.13%) React
3 510 (24.87%) REST
4 483 (23.55%) Kafka
5 409 (19.94%) AngularJS
6 384 (18.72%) Hibernate
7 351 (17.11%) RESTful
8 303 (14.77%) Node.js
9 297 (14.48%) HTML
10 289 (14.09%) Web Services
11 271 (13.21%) CSS
12 159 (7.75%) JSON
13 152 (7.41%) GraphQL
14 151 (7.36%) HTML5
15 123 (6.00%) RabbitMQ
16 110 (5.36%) SOAP
17 107 (5.22%) Java EE
18 105 (5.12%) JPA
19 104 (5.07%) Apache Camel
20 102 (4.97%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 142 (6.92%) User Experience
2 122 (5.95%) Algorithms
3 114 (5.56%) Data Structures
4 98 (4.78%) Enterprise Software
5 95 (4.63%) Mobile App
6 90 (4.39%) Derivative
7 83 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
8 78 (3.80%) Cloud Native
9 65 (3.17%) Self-Motivation
10 54 (2.63%) Virtual Team
11 48 (2.34%) Public Cloud
12 47 (2.29%) NHS
12 47 (2.29%) Online Games
13 32 (1.56%) Data Centre
13 32 (1.56%) Equity Derivative
13 32 (1.56%) SWIFT
13 32 (1.56%) Video\Live Streaming
14 31 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
14 31 (1.51%) Market Risk
15 27 (1.32%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 309 (15.07%) Linux
2 130 (6.34%) Unix
3 69 (3.36%) Windows
4 37 (1.80%) Android
5 29 (1.41%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.93%) Mac OS X
7 16 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.63%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.39%) CentOS
9 8 (0.39%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.24%) Solaris
11 2 (0.098%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.049%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,199 (58.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,064 (51.88%) Microservices
3 724 (35.30%) TDD
4 628 (30.62%) Software Engineering
5 529 (25.79%) DevOps
6 424 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
7 404 (19.70%) Full Stack Development
8 359 (17.50%) Scrum
9 326 (15.89%) Test Automation
10 284 (13.85%) Open Source
11 280 (13.65%) Fintech
12 271 (13.21%) Problem-Solving
13 268 (13.07%) BDD
14 225 (10.97%) Mentoring
15 198 (9.65%) OO
16 194 (9.46%) Continuous Delivery
17 183 (8.92%) Event-Driven
18 172 (8.39%) Computer Science
19 171 (8.34%) Multithreading
20 165 (8.04%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,943 (94.73%) Java
2 607 (29.60%) JavaScript
3 605 (29.50%) SQL
4 522 (25.45%) Java 8
5 331 (16.14%) Python
6 280 (13.65%) TypeScript
7 270 (13.16%) Kotlin
8 199 (9.70%) Java 11
9 164 (8.00%) Scala
10 127 (6.19%) C#
11 72 (3.51%) C++
12 71 (3.46%) ES6
13 54 (2.63%) C
14 49 (2.39%) Shell Script
15 41 (2.00%) Go
16 38 (1.85%) Bash Shell
17 37 (1.80%) PL/SQL
18 36 (1.76%) Groovy
19 33 (1.61%) ES7
20 30 (1.46%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 203 (9.90%) Degree
2 97 (4.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 67 (3.27%) Security Cleared
4 64 (3.12%) SC Cleared
5 46 (2.24%) Master's Degree
6 24 (1.17%) SANS
7 9 (0.44%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 7 (0.34%) DBS Check
9 6 (0.29%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.15%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.098%) A+ Certification
12 2 (0.098%) MBA
13 1 (0.049%) OCP
13 1 (0.049%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.049%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 186 (9.07%) QA
2 25 (1.22%) Accessibility
3 24 (1.17%) EMIR
3 24 (1.17%) MiFID
3 24 (1.17%) WCAG
4 17 (0.83%) SLA
5 11 (0.54%) ISO 20022
6 6 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.29%) ISO 15022
7 3 (0.15%) GRC
8 2 (0.098%) GDPR
8 2 (0.098%) HIPAA
System Software
1 881 (42.95%) Docker
2 29 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
3 23 (1.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 18 (0.88%) Postfix
5 11 (0.54%) ISA Server
5 11 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.39%) HDFS
7 3 (0.15%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.15%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.049%) KVM
8 1 (0.049%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 726 (35.40%) Kubernetes
2 159 (7.75%) Terraform
3 116 (5.66%) Ansible
4 53 (2.58%) Grafana
5 49 (2.39%) Puppet
6 44 (2.15%) Prometheus
7 34 (1.66%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
9 17 (0.83%) HAProxy
9 17 (0.83%) Istio
10 16 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (0.59%) Kibana
12 11 (0.54%) Mesos
13 6 (0.29%) logstash
14 5 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (0.24%) linkerd
15 3 (0.15%) Consul
15 3 (0.15%) Salt
15 3 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
16 1 (0.049%) Knative
Vendors
1 204 (9.95%) Oracle
2 154 (7.51%) Google
3 65 (3.17%) Microsoft
4 55 (2.68%) Splunk
5 42 (2.05%) Sybase
6 39 (1.90%) IBM
7 38 (1.85%) Atlassian
8 34 (1.66%) Red Hat
9 22 (1.07%) Solace
10 18 (0.88%) Sony
10 18 (0.88%) TIBCO
11 16 (0.78%) Greenplum
11 16 (0.78%) Guidewire
12 15 (0.73%) Adobe
12 15 (0.73%) Confluent
12 15 (0.73%) SAP
12 15 (0.73%) Spotify
13 14 (0.68%) MuleSoft
14 13 (0.63%) New Relic
14 13 (0.63%) VMware