Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 143 109 63
Rank change year-on-year -34 -46 +18
Contract jobs citing Web Services 749 610 698
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.92% 2.48% 3.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.19% 6.76% 9.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 511 430 492
10th Percentile £406 £356 £378
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £660 £625 £600
90th Percentile £729 £713 £659
England median daily rate £549 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +9.75% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 3
10th Percentile - £46.90 £30.93
25th Percentile - £47.42 £31.03
Median hourly rate £75.00 £49.83 £31.94
Median % change year-on-year +50.52% +56.00% -27.70%
75th Percentile - £52.06 £48.78
90th Percentile - £52.48 £58.44
England median hourly rate £65.00 £35.75 £50.50
% change year-on-year +81.82% -29.21% +4.34%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,095 9,017 7,360
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 31.07% 36.62% 37.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,402 6,728 5,481
10th Percentile £425 £383 £375
25th Percentile £505 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £713 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £570 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +14.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 35 33
10th Percentile £26.25 £20.60 £23.80
25th Percentile £35.00 £36.50 £31.25
Median hourly rate £41.63 £50.00 £48.85
Median % change year-on-year -16.75% +2.35% +8.56%
75th Percentile £63.06 £65.00 £63.00
90th Percentile £75.39 £68.00 £68.71
England median hourly rate £51.88 £47.00 £46.42
% change year-on-year +10.37% +1.26% +3.14%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -27 74 £525 - 33
West London -13 14 £650 +13.04% 4
South London -20 10 £625 +17.92% 3
East London -10 5 £580 +20.83% 13
North London - 1 £550 - 1
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 335 (44.73%) Java
2 330 (44.06%) Agile
3 295 (39.39%) REST
4 286 (38.18%) JavaScript
5 192 (25.63%) SQL
6 191 (25.50%) HTML
7 171 (22.83%) CSS
7 171 (22.83%) Finance
8 169 (22.56%) Microservices
9 163 (21.76%) CI/CD
10 161 (21.50%) Spring
11 149 (19.89%) SOAP
12 148 (19.76%) RESTful
12 148 (19.76%) Azure
12 148 (19.76%) Social Skills
13 144 (19.23%) Git (software)
13 144 (19.23%) XML
14 143 (19.09%) JSON
15 137 (18.29%) AngularJS
16 135 (18.02%) .NET
17 133 (17.76%) SQL Server
18 130 (17.36%) DevOps
19 129 (17.22%) TDD
20 128 (17.09%) C#
21 126 (16.82%) Jenkins
22 118 (15.75%) Scrum
23 111 (14.82%) AWS
24 104 (13.89%) Test Automation
24 104 (13.89%) Full Stack Development
24 104 (13.89%) Problem-Solving

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (6.14%) JBoss
2 31 (4.14%) Red Hat Fuse
3 26 (3.47%) Apache
4 21 (2.80%) Tomcat
5 20 (2.67%) Confluence
6 18 (2.40%) Mule
7 16 (2.14%) SharePoint
8 15 (2.00%) Elasticsearch
9 13 (1.74%) CMS
10 12 (1.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (1.47%) IIS
12 10 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
12 10 (1.34%) WebLogic
13 9 (1.20%) Apache Spark
13 9 (1.20%) nginx
13 9 (1.20%) WebSphere
14 8 (1.07%) Oracle Workflow
15 7 (0.93%) ArcGIS
15 7 (0.93%) FileNet
16 6 (0.80%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 13 (1.74%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (1.07%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.80%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.27%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle Smart View
7 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 12 (1.60%) Shopify
2 8 (1.07%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.67%) Oracle Assets
4 5 (0.67%) Oracle EBS R12
4 5 (0.67%) Oracle Payables
4 5 (0.67%) Oracle Receivables
5 4 (0.53%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.53%) Oracle Financials
5 4 (0.53%) Oracle General Ledger
5 4 (0.53%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.40%) Magento
6 3 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.40%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.40%) WebTrends
7 2 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.27%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.27%) SAP Retail
7 2 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 148 (19.76%) Azure
2 111 (14.82%) AWS
3 48 (6.41%) GitHub
4 31 (4.14%) GCP
5 30 (4.01%) Serverless
6 29 (3.87%) SaaS
6 29 (3.87%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 27 (3.60%) PaaS
8 22 (2.94%) Power Platform
9 21 (2.80%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 15 (2.00%) PowerApps
11 14 (1.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 13 (1.74%) Microsoft 365
13 12 (1.60%) Azure Logic Apps
13 12 (1.60%) Azure Service Bus
14 10 (1.34%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 10 (1.34%) IaaS
15 9 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
15 9 (1.20%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (1.20%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 38 (5.07%) HTTP
2 15 (2.00%) Firewall
3 12 (1.60%) SSL
4 11 (1.47%) DNS
5 7 (0.93%) Kerberos
5 7 (0.93%) SMTP
5 7 (0.93%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.80%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.67%) AMQP
7 5 (0.67%) Network Security
8 4 (0.53%) FTP
8 4 (0.53%) Internet
8 4 (0.53%) VPN
9 3 (0.40%) DMZ
9 3 (0.40%) POP3
10 2 (0.27%) CTI
10 2 (0.27%) DHCP
10 2 (0.27%) Intranet
11 1 (0.13%) Broadband
11 1 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (17.76%) SQL Server
2 79 (10.55%) NoSQL
3 68 (9.08%) Relational Database
4 56 (7.48%) MongoDB
5 48 (6.41%) MySQL
6 33 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
7 19 (2.54%) Data Warehouse
8 13 (1.74%) Big Data
9 12 (1.60%) Power BI
10 11 (1.47%) DB2
10 11 (1.47%) Oracle Database
10 11 (1.47%) RDBMS
11 10 (1.34%) Azure SQL Database
11 10 (1.34%) Data Lake
11 10 (1.34%) Redis
11 10 (1.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (1.20%) GIS
12 9 (1.20%) Oracle Reports
13 8 (1.07%) MarkLogic
13 8 (1.07%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 144 (19.23%) Git (software)
2 126 (16.82%) Jenkins
3 72 (9.61%) JIRA
4 71 (9.48%) Maven
5 53 (7.08%) JUnit
6 39 (5.21%) GitLab
7 38 (5.07%) Cucumber
8 37 (4.94%) Subversion
9 31 (4.14%) Bitbucket
10 29 (3.87%) Selenium
11 28 (3.74%) Gradle
12 27 (3.60%) Eclipse
13 24 (3.20%) jMock
14 23 (3.07%) Postman
15 16 (2.14%) SoapUI
16 15 (2.00%) CircleCI
16 15 (2.00%) Visual Studio
17 14 (1.87%) Hudson
17 14 (1.87%) Mockito
17 14 (1.87%) webpack
General
1 171 (22.83%) Finance
2 148 (19.76%) Social Skills
3 93 (12.42%) Banking
4 63 (8.41%) Analytical Skills
5 46 (6.14%) Public Sector
6 39 (5.21%) Investment Banking
7 22 (2.94%) Front Office
7 22 (2.94%) Marketing
8 19 (2.54%) Manufacturing
9 18 (2.40%) Presentation Skills
9 18 (2.40%) Retail
10 12 (1.60%) Legal
10 12 (1.60%) Telecoms
11 10 (1.34%) Influencing Skills
12 9 (1.20%) Law
13 8 (1.07%) Financial Institution
14 7 (0.93%) Electronics
14 7 (0.93%) Local Government
15 5 (0.67%) Games
16 4 (0.53%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 439 (58.61%) Developer
2 133 (17.76%) Java Developer
3 92 (12.28%) Senior Developer
4 73 (9.75%) .NET Developer
5 68 (9.08%) Architect
6 51 (6.81%) Full Stack Developer
7 41 (5.47%) Consultant
8 34 (4.54%) Senior Java Developer
9 31 (4.14%) Software Engineer
10 26 (3.47%) Salesforce Developer
11 24 (3.20%) Analyst
11 24 (3.20%) Java Engineer
12 22 (2.94%) Integration Developer
12 22 (2.94%) Scala Developer
13 21 (2.80%) C# Developer
14 20 (2.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 20 (2.67%) JavaScript Developer
14 20 (2.67%) Solutions Architect
15 19 (2.54%) ServiceNow Developer
16 18 (2.40%) Senior Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 295 (39.39%) REST
2 191 (25.50%) HTML
3 171 (22.83%) CSS
4 161 (21.50%) Spring
5 149 (19.89%) SOAP
6 148 (19.76%) RESTful
7 144 (19.23%) XML
8 143 (19.09%) JSON
9 137 (18.29%) AngularJS
10 135 (18.02%) .NET
11 97 (12.95%) React
12 93 (12.42%) Spring Boot
13 72 (9.61%) Node.js
14 63 (8.41%) ASP.NET Web API
14 63 (8.41%) Hibernate
14 63 (8.41%) Kafka
15 57 (7.61%) HTML5
16 55 (7.34%) .NET Core
16 55 (7.34%) J2EE
17 49 (6.54%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 83 (11.08%) User Experience
2 21 (2.80%) Enterprise Software
3 20 (2.67%) Algorithms
3 20 (2.67%) Management Information System
4 17 (2.27%) Cloud Native
4 17 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (1.74%) Data Structures
5 13 (1.74%) Public Cloud
6 12 (1.60%) CMDB
6 12 (1.60%) Video\Live Streaming
7 11 (1.47%) Derivative
8 10 (1.34%) Data Protection Act
8 10 (1.34%) Media Streaming
8 10 (1.34%) Reference Data
9 9 (1.20%) NHS
10 8 (1.07%) Data Centre
10 8 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (0.93%) Equity Derivative
11 7 (0.93%) Mobile App
11 7 (0.93%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 94 (12.55%) Windows
2 88 (11.75%) Linux
3 65 (8.68%) Unix
4 21 (2.80%) Android
5 15 (2.00%) Apple iOS
6 8 (1.07%) Mac OS
7 7 (0.93%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.40%) HPUX
8 3 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2019
9 2 (0.27%) AIX
10 1 (0.13%) tvOS
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 330 (44.06%) Agile
2 169 (22.56%) Microservices
3 163 (21.76%) CI/CD
4 130 (17.36%) DevOps
5 129 (17.22%) TDD
6 118 (15.75%) Scrum
7 104 (13.89%) Full Stack Development
7 104 (13.89%) Problem-Solving
7 104 (13.89%) Test Automation
8 95 (12.68%) MVC
9 94 (12.55%) OO
10 89 (11.88%) Continuous Integration
11 77 (10.28%) SOA
12 71 (9.48%) Software Engineering
13 70 (9.35%) BDD
14 69 (9.21%) Unit Testing
15 60 (8.01%) SDLC
16 50 (6.68%) Workflow
17 47 (6.28%) UX Design
18 46 (6.14%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 335 (44.73%) Java
2 286 (38.18%) JavaScript
3 192 (25.63%) SQL
4 128 (17.09%) C#
5 89 (11.88%) Python
6 59 (7.88%) TypeScript
7 34 (4.54%) Apex Code
8 33 (4.41%) PL/SQL
9 27 (3.60%) Shell Script
10 26 (3.47%) Scala
11 19 (2.54%) ES6
12 18 (2.40%) PHP
13 17 (2.27%) Ruby
13 17 (2.27%) VB.NET
14 16 (2.14%) PowerShell
14 16 (2.14%) T-SQL
15 13 (1.74%) SOQL
16 10 (1.34%) Go
16 10 (1.34%) R
17 9 (1.20%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 34 (4.54%) Security Cleared
2 31 (4.14%) SC Cleared
3 23 (3.07%) Degree
4 10 (1.34%) TOGAF Certification
5 8 (1.07%) CISM
5 8 (1.07%) CISSP
6 5 (0.67%) CEH
6 5 (0.67%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.53%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (0.53%) CRISC
7 4 (0.53%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (0.40%) CISA
8 3 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.27%) CCNA
9 2 (0.27%) GIAC
9 2 (0.27%) MBA
9 2 (0.27%) MCAD
9 2 (0.27%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (9.48%) QA
2 17 (2.27%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.93%) GDPR
4 6 (0.80%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.80%) WCAG
5 5 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.53%) GRC
7 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.13%) FATCA
7 1 (0.13%) HL7
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.13%) NIST
7 1 (0.13%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.13%) SOC 2
System Software
1 92 (12.28%) Docker
2 17 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.07%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.27%) Ceph
4 2 (0.27%) GridGain
4 2 (0.27%) Postfix
4 2 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.13%) Varnish
5 1 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 66 (8.81%) Kubernetes
2 20 (2.67%) Ansible
3 18 (2.40%) Terraform
4 13 (1.74%) Single Sign-On
5 6 (0.80%) Grafana
5 6 (0.80%) Prometheus
5 6 (0.80%) SCCM
6 4 (0.53%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 4 (0.53%) Kibana
6 4 (0.53%) logstash
6 4 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.40%) Istio
7 3 (0.40%) Puppet
8 2 (0.27%) Ambari
8 2 (0.27%) Rancher
8 2 (0.27%) Tivoli
9 1 (0.13%) CA Wily
9 1 (0.13%) Nessus
9 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Spacewalk
9 1 (0.13%) SCOM
Vendors
1 101 (13.48%) Oracle
2 67 (8.95%) Microsoft
3 42 (5.61%) Salesforce.com
4 38 (5.07%) ServiceNow
5 31 (4.14%) SAP
6 25 (3.34%) Google
7 22 (2.94%) IBM
8 18 (2.40%) Sybase
9 15 (2.00%) Red Hat
10 14 (1.87%) MuleSoft
11 11 (1.47%) Pega
12 9 (1.20%) VMware
13 8 (1.07%) Siemens
14 7 (0.93%) Adobe
14 7 (0.93%) Atlassian
14 7 (0.93%) Splunk
15 6 (0.80%) Databricks
15 6 (0.80%) ESRI
15 6 (0.80%) Teradata
16 5 (0.67%) Okta