Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 135 92 87
Rank change year-on-year -43 -5 -9
Contract jobs citing Web Services 775 495 854
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.07% 2.81% 2.81%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.39% 7.79% 7.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 563 339 615
10th Percentile £400 £385 £370
25th Percentile £463 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £650 £631 £588
90th Percentile £700 £700 £650
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
10th Percentile £58.30 £40.20 -
25th Percentile £64.00 £40.50 -
Median hourly rate £77.00 £41.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +87.80% - -
75th Percentile £80.00 £41.50 -
90th Percentile £80.30 £41.80 -
England median hourly rate £62.15 £41.00 £52.75
% change year-on-year +51.59% -22.27% +17.22%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,136 6,354 10,797
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 32.43% 36.05% 35.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,374 4,752 8,091
10th Percentile £414 £358 £375
25th Percentile £500 £425 £441
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +12.38% - -
75th Percentile £688 £613 £613
90th Percentile £763 £700 £700
England median daily rate £550 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 63 25 58
10th Percentile £20.89 £22.75 £24.10
25th Percentile £35.00 £30.68 £36.70
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £48.34
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -6.91% +20.85%
75th Percentile £71.00 £54.00 £53.28
90th Percentile £80.50 £63.40 £78.75
England median hourly rate £50.50 £45.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +12.22% -2.17% +9.93%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -33 84 £525 -4.55% 50
West London -2 40 £625 +16.28% 17
South London -9 5 £500 - 4
North London - 4 £400 -
East London -9 2 £690 +97.14% 13
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 390 (50.32%) Agile Software Development
2 340 (43.87%) Java
3 299 (38.58%) REST
4 288 (37.16%) JavaScript
5 215 (27.74%) CSS
6 211 (27.23%) HTML
7 200 (25.81%) TDD
8 198 (25.55%) CI/CD
9 191 (24.65%) Git (software)
10 186 (24.00%) SQL
11 180 (23.23%) XML
12 176 (22.71%) Finance
12 176 (22.71%) RESTful
13 173 (22.32%) Jenkins
14 170 (21.94%) DevOps
14 170 (21.94%) Scrum
15 168 (21.68%) Microservices
16 161 (20.77%) Azure
17 159 (20.52%) JSON
18 153 (19.74%) Spring
18 153 (19.74%) SQL Server
19 146 (18.84%) Social Skills
20 145 (18.71%) AngularJS
21 141 (18.19%) SOAP
22 133 (17.16%) .NET
23 129 (16.65%) Test Automation
24 128 (16.52%) Linux
25 118 (15.23%) C#
26 116 (14.97%) AWS
27 115 (14.84%) Unit Testing

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (3.87%) Apache
1 30 (3.87%) JBoss
2 29 (3.74%) CMS
3 28 (3.61%) Confluence
4 25 (3.23%) SharePoint
5 20 (2.58%) IIS
6 17 (2.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 15 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (1.94%) Mule
7 15 (1.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 15 (1.94%) Red Hat Fuse
7 15 (1.94%) Tomcat
8 13 (1.68%) Apache Spark
8 13 (1.68%) Appian
9 10 (1.29%) Oracle Workflow
10 9 (1.16%) nginx
11 8 (1.03%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.65%) Jetty
13 5 (0.65%) WebLogic
Applications
1 11 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
1 11 (1.42%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Project
2 5 (0.65%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.39%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.39%) SPSS
4 1 (0.13%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (1.29%) Shopify
2 8 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.90%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.77%) Oracle Payables
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle Assets
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle Cash Management
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle EBS R12
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle Financials
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle General Ledger
5 5 (0.65%) Oracle Receivables
6 3 (0.39%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.39%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.39%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.26%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.26%) SAP Retail
8 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.13%) Remedy AR System
8 1 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 161 (20.77%) Azure
2 116 (14.97%) AWS
3 66 (8.52%) GitHub
4 41 (5.29%) SaaS
5 34 (4.39%) PaaS
6 23 (2.97%) Power Platform
7 20 (2.58%) Serverless
8 18 (2.32%) GCP
9 17 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
9 17 (2.19%) Azure Storage
10 16 (2.06%) Azure Key Vault
10 16 (2.06%) IaaS
10 16 (2.06%) npm
11 15 (1.94%) Amazon S3
11 15 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
12 14 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
12 14 (1.81%) Azure Data Factory
13 13 (1.68%) Dynamics 365
13 13 (1.68%) Force.com
13 13 (1.68%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 51 (6.58%) HTTP
2 11 (1.42%) TCP/IP
3 10 (1.29%) DNS
4 9 (1.16%) Kerberos
5 8 (1.03%) Network Security
6 7 (0.90%) Firewall
6 7 (0.90%) Internet
7 6 (0.77%) FTP
7 6 (0.77%) Intranet
7 6 (0.77%) SSL
8 5 (0.65%) DHCP
9 4 (0.52%) SAN
10 3 (0.39%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.39%) VPN
11 2 (0.26%) Extranet
11 2 (0.26%) SSH
11 2 (0.26%) VLAN
12 1 (0.13%) BIG-IP
12 1 (0.13%) LTE
12 1 (0.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (19.74%) SQL Server
2 89 (11.48%) NoSQL
3 77 (9.94%) MongoDB
4 76 (9.81%) Relational Database
5 58 (7.48%) MySQL
6 36 (4.65%) PostgreSQL
7 23 (2.97%) Data Warehouse
8 20 (2.58%) Power BI
8 20 (2.58%) Redis
9 18 (2.32%) Big Data
10 17 (2.19%) RDBMS
11 16 (2.06%) Oracle Reports
12 15 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
12 15 (1.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 14 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
14 13 (1.68%) Oracle Database
15 12 (1.55%) Data Lake
15 12 (1.55%) SQL Server 2008
16 11 (1.42%) Tableau
17 10 (1.29%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 191 (24.65%) Git (software)
2 173 (22.32%) Jenkins
3 75 (9.68%) Maven
4 71 (9.16%) JUnit
5 64 (8.26%) JIRA
6 55 (7.10%) Mockito
7 44 (5.68%) Cucumber
8 34 (4.39%) Selenium
9 30 (3.87%) GitLab
10 29 (3.74%) Bitbucket
11 26 (3.35%) Subversion
11 26 (3.35%) Visual Studio
12 23 (2.97%) webpack
13 22 (2.84%) Visual Studio Team System
14 20 (2.58%) jMock
14 20 (2.58%) TeamCity
15 19 (2.45%) CircleCI
15 19 (2.45%) Postman
16 17 (2.19%) Gatling
16 17 (2.19%) Grunt
General
1 176 (22.71%) Finance
2 146 (18.84%) Social Skills
3 88 (11.35%) Banking
4 60 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
5 47 (6.06%) Marketing
6 38 (4.90%) Public Sector
7 37 (4.77%) Investment Banking
8 28 (3.61%) Presentation Skills
8 28 (3.61%) Retail
9 21 (2.71%) Front Office
9 21 (2.71%) Telecoms
10 13 (1.68%) Games
11 11 (1.42%) Legal
11 11 (1.42%) Manufacturing
12 10 (1.29%) Electronics
13 7 (0.90%) Back Office
13 7 (0.90%) Billing
14 6 (0.77%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (0.77%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.65%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 489 (63.10%) Developer
2 145 (18.71%) Java Developer
3 98 (12.65%) Senior Developer
4 52 (6.71%) Architect
5 48 (6.19%) Full Stack Developer
6 45 (5.81%) .NET Developer
7 36 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
8 31 (4.00%) Consultant
9 28 (3.61%) Scala Developer
10 27 (3.48%) Backend Developer
11 25 (3.23%) ServiceNow Developer
12 24 (3.10%) PHP Developer
13 22 (2.84%) Solutions Architect
14 21 (2.71%) JavaScript Developer
15 20 (2.58%) Software Engineer
16 19 (2.45%) C# Developer
17 18 (2.32%) Analyst
17 18 (2.32%) Lead Developer
17 18 (2.32%) Salesforce Developer
18 17 (2.19%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 299 (38.58%) REST
2 215 (27.74%) CSS
3 211 (27.23%) HTML
4 180 (23.23%) XML
5 176 (22.71%) RESTful
6 159 (20.52%) JSON
7 153 (19.74%) Spring
8 145 (18.71%) AngularJS
9 141 (18.19%) SOAP
10 133 (17.16%) .NET
11 109 (14.06%) React
12 93 (12.00%) Node.js
13 79 (10.19%) Spring Boot
14 69 (8.90%) CSS3
15 68 (8.77%) HTML5
16 60 (7.74%) Kafka
17 57 (7.35%) Hibernate
18 54 (6.97%) .NET Core
19 52 (6.71%) ASP.NET Web API
20 47 (6.06%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 67 (8.65%) User Experience
2 30 (3.87%) Mobile App
3 22 (2.84%) Data Protection Act
3 22 (2.84%) Management Information System
4 19 (2.45%) Data Structures
5 18 (2.32%) Algorithms
5 18 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
6 16 (2.06%) Social Media
7 15 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
7 15 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
8 11 (1.42%) Public Cloud
9 8 (1.03%) Blog
9 8 (1.03%) Legacy Systems
10 7 (0.90%) Virtual Team
11 6 (0.77%) Cloud Native
11 6 (0.77%) CMDB
11 6 (0.77%) Fixed Income
11 6 (0.77%) Legacy Applications
11 6 (0.77%) Renewable Energy
11 6 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 128 (16.52%) Linux
2 80 (10.32%) Windows
3 62 (8.00%) Unix
4 21 (2.71%) Apple iOS
5 20 (2.58%) Android
6 16 (2.06%) Windows Server
7 15 (1.94%) Mac OS
8 9 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.65%) tvOS
9 5 (0.65%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.39%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.39%) Solaris
10 3 (0.39%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.13%) AIX
12 1 (0.13%) CentOS
12 1 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 1 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 390 (50.32%) Agile Software Development
2 200 (25.81%) TDD
3 198 (25.55%) CI/CD
4 170 (21.94%) DevOps
4 170 (21.94%) Scrum
5 168 (21.68%) Microservices
6 129 (16.65%) Test Automation
7 115 (14.84%) Unit Testing
8 110 (14.19%) Continuous Integration
9 104 (13.42%) Problem-Solving
10 98 (12.65%) BDD
10 98 (12.65%) SOA
11 96 (12.39%) Full Stack Development
11 96 (12.39%) Software Engineering
12 78 (10.06%) OO
13 77 (9.94%) MVC
14 73 (9.42%) SDLC
15 56 (7.23%) Migration
16 55 (7.10%) Pair Programming
17 53 (6.84%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 340 (43.87%) Java
2 288 (37.16%) JavaScript
3 186 (24.00%) SQL
4 118 (15.23%) C#
5 85 (10.97%) Python
6 71 (9.16%) Java 8
7 57 (7.35%) TypeScript
8 45 (5.81%) Scala
9 42 (5.42%) Java 11
10 41 (5.29%) PowerShell
11 34 (4.39%) Ruby
12 31 (4.00%) PHP
13 25 (3.23%) Shell Script
14 24 (3.10%) Apex Code
15 23 (2.97%) T-SQL
16 21 (2.71%) VB.NET
17 20 (2.58%) PL/SQL
18 17 (2.19%) Apple Swift
19 16 (2.06%) Kotlin
20 14 (1.81%) C
Qualifications
1 43 (5.55%) Degree
2 33 (4.26%) Security Cleared
3 30 (3.87%) SC Cleared
4 17 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.29%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.65%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (0.52%) CISM
7 4 (0.52%) CISSP
7 4 (0.52%) MCSE
7 4 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 2 (0.26%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.26%) CCSP
8 2 (0.26%) CEH
8 2 (0.26%) CISA
8 2 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.26%) CompTIA Security+
8 2 (0.26%) GIAC
8 2 (0.26%) ISACA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (8.52%) QA
2 29 (3.74%) Accessibility
3 11 (1.42%) GDPR
4 10 (1.29%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.52%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.39%) SLA
6 3 (0.39%) WCAG
7 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.26%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.13%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.13%) NIST
8 1 (0.13%) NIST 800
System Software
1 113 (14.58%) Docker
2 22 (2.84%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.26%) Postfix
3 2 (0.26%) Varnish
4 1 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
4 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.13%) KVM
4 1 (0.13%) vCloud
4 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 83 (10.71%) Kubernetes
2 29 (3.74%) Terraform
3 28 (3.61%) Grafana
4 27 (3.48%) Ansible
4 27 (3.48%) Prometheus
5 12 (1.55%) Kibana
6 10 (1.29%) logstash
7 9 (1.16%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (0.90%) Puppet
9 4 (0.52%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (0.52%) SCCM
9 4 (0.52%) VxRail
10 3 (0.39%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.26%) Graphite
12 1 (0.13%) Amdocs OSS
12 1 (0.13%) Consul
12 1 (0.13%) Failover Clustering
12 1 (0.13%) Graylog
12 1 (0.13%) RSA Archer
12 1 (0.13%) vRealize
Vendors
1 111 (14.32%) Oracle
2 69 (8.90%) Microsoft
3 38 (4.90%) ServiceNow
4 36 (4.65%) Salesforce.com
5 28 (3.61%) SAP
6 23 (2.97%) IBM
7 19 (2.45%) Adobe
8 17 (2.19%) Google
9 16 (2.06%) Sybase
10 14 (1.81%) Databricks
10 14 (1.81%) MuleSoft
11 11 (1.42%) Pega
12 8 (1.03%) Apple
12 8 (1.03%) Dell
13 7 (0.90%) Informatica
13 7 (0.90%) VMware
13 7 (0.90%) Xamarin
14 6 (0.77%) Zend
15 5 (0.65%) Atlassian
15 5 (0.65%) Cadence