Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 119 106 92
Rank change year-on-year -13 -14 +20
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 560 1,060 1,255
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.25% 2.48% 2.69%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.41% 10.15% 11.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 392 746 896
Median daily rate £525 £546 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.85% -0.73% +10.00%
10th Percentile £369 £375 £380
90th Percentile £675 £700 £658
England median daily rate £499 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -0.25% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 2
Median hourly rate £43.75 £35.00 £56.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -38.05% +73.85%
10th Percentile £36.63 £17.27 £31.65
90th Percentile £51.88 £61.25 £81.75
England median hourly rate £33.75 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.57% -17.65% +143.83%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 5,952 10,443 11,323
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 23.89% 24.44% 24.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,205 7,647 8,541
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £356
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
England median daily rate £488 £488 £475
% change year-on-year - +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 49 86
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +27.27% -15.38%
10th Percentile £22.10 £20.00 £18.38
90th Percentile £61.78 £56.50 £43.53
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +18.18%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 87 £500 -9.09% 29
South London +39 27 £573 +20.53% 4
West London +29 22 £410 -3.53% 13
East London +42 8 £425 -19.05% 7
North London - 1 £450 - 3
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 321 (57.32%) SQL
2 253 (45.18%) Agile Software Development
3 230 (41.07%) Java
4 194 (34.64%) RDBMS
5 185 (33.04%) Finance
6 155 (27.68%) Python
7 149 (26.61%) SQL Server
7 149 (26.61%) AWS
8 144 (25.71%) Oracle
9 140 (25.00%) Azure
10 126 (22.50%) Microservices
11 125 (22.32%) Web Services
12 124 (22.14%) JavaScript
13 112 (20.00%) NoSQL
14 107 (19.11%) Analytics
15 105 (18.75%) Migration
16 100 (17.86%) Software Engineering
17 99 (17.68%) MySQL
18 98 (17.50%) TDD
19 97 (17.32%) Data Modelling
20 94 (16.79%) DevOps
21 90 (16.07%) Banking
22 89 (15.89%) Docker
22 89 (15.89%) MongoDB
23 83 (14.82%) C#
24 82 (14.64%) Spring
25 80 (14.29%) HTML
26 79 (14.11%) .NET
26 79 (14.11%) Git (software)
26 79 (14.11%) Redis

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (7.86%) Apache Spark
2 25 (4.46%) Camunda
3 17 (3.04%) Confluence
4 12 (2.14%) Apache
5 11 (1.96%) SAS
6 9 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (1.43%) Tomcat
8 7 (1.25%) IIS
9 6 (1.07%) SharePoint
9 6 (1.07%) WebLogic
10 5 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
10 5 (0.89%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.71%) GlassFish
11 4 (0.71%) JCAPS
11 4 (0.71%) Mule
11 4 (0.71%) nginx
11 4 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.71%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.54%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 41 (7.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.89%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.18%) GNU Octave
4 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 27 (4.82%) FINCAD Analytics
2 7 (1.25%) NetSuite
3 5 (0.89%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.36%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 2 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.36%) SAP Bank Analyzer
4 2 (0.36%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.18%) Endur
5 1 (0.18%) Northgate Housing
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 149 (26.61%) AWS
2 140 (25.00%) Azure
3 55 (9.82%) GCP
4 33 (5.89%) AWS Step Functions
5 28 (5.00%) Power Platform
6 20 (3.57%) Serverless
7 16 (2.86%) AWS Lambda
8 15 (2.68%) Azure Data Factory
8 15 (2.68%) SaaS
9 12 (2.14%) Amazon EC2
9 12 (2.14%) PaaS
10 11 (1.96%) IaaS
11 9 (1.61%) Amazon EMR
11 9 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
12 7 (1.25%) Amazon S3
12 7 (1.25%) GitHub
13 6 (1.07%) Amazon Kinesis
13 6 (1.07%) Azure Machine Learning
13 6 (1.07%) OpenShift
14 5 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.04%) HTTP
2 13 (2.32%) RTMP
3 7 (1.25%) FTP
3 7 (1.25%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.07%) Firewall
4 6 (1.07%) SSH
5 5 (0.89%) SSL
6 4 (0.71%) VPN
7 2 (0.36%) WAN
8 1 (0.18%) 3G
8 1 (0.18%) 4G
8 1 (0.18%) 5G
8 1 (0.18%) DHCP
8 1 (0.18%) DNS
8 1 (0.18%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.18%) LAN
8 1 (0.18%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 194 (34.64%) RDBMS
2 149 (26.61%) SQL Server
3 112 (20.00%) NoSQL
4 99 (17.68%) MySQL
5 89 (15.89%) MongoDB
6 79 (14.11%) Redis
7 74 (13.21%) PostgreSQL
8 61 (10.89%) Big Data
9 59 (10.54%) Apache Cassandra
9 59 (10.54%) Data Warehouse
10 48 (8.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 40 (7.14%) Hadoop
12 39 (6.96%) DB2
13 36 (6.43%) Amazon Aurora
14 33 (5.89%) HBase
14 33 (5.89%) MariaDB
15 29 (5.18%) Amazon Athena
15 29 (5.18%) Couchbase
16 28 (5.00%) Neo4j
17 27 (4.82%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 79 (14.11%) Git (software)
2 63 (11.25%) JIRA
3 45 (8.04%) Jenkins
4 43 (7.68%) Maven
5 32 (5.71%) JUnit
6 22 (3.93%) Cucumber
7 17 (3.04%) Gradle
7 17 (3.04%) Mockito
8 14 (2.50%) NUnit
9 12 (2.14%) Ant
9 12 (2.14%) Subversion
9 12 (2.14%) Team Foundation Server
10 10 (1.79%) Mocha
10 10 (1.79%) Visual Studio Team System
11 9 (1.61%) TeamCity
12 8 (1.43%) Selenium
13 7 (1.25%) Visual Studio
14 6 (1.07%) Eclipse
15 5 (0.89%) Cypress.io
15 5 (0.89%) SpecFlow
General
1 185 (33.04%) Finance
2 90 (16.07%) Banking
3 55 (9.82%) Front Office
4 40 (7.14%) Investment Banking
5 24 (4.29%) Public Sector
6 12 (2.14%) Pharmaceutical
6 12 (2.14%) Retail
7 11 (1.96%) Back Office
7 11 (1.96%) Marketing
8 9 (1.61%) Games
9 5 (0.89%) Law
9 5 (0.89%) Legal
9 5 (0.89%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.54%) Advertising
10 3 (0.54%) Publishing
11 2 (0.36%) Billing
11 2 (0.36%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.36%) Private Banking
11 2 (0.36%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.18%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 325 (58.04%) Developer
2 120 (21.43%) Java Developer
3 62 (11.07%) Senior Developer
4 54 (9.64%) Analyst
5 46 (8.21%) AWS Developer
6 45 (8.04%) AWS Engineer
7 42 (7.50%) Data Engineer
7 42 (7.50%) Python Developer
8 41 (7.32%) Architect
9 36 (6.43%) Java Engineer
10 33 (5.89%) C# Developer
11 31 (5.54%) Data Analyst
11 31 (5.54%) Software Engineer
12 30 (5.36%) SQL Developer
13 27 (4.82%) Full Stack Developer
14 26 (4.64%) AWS Software Engineer
15 25 (4.46%) .NET Developer
16 22 (3.93%) Java Software Engineer
16 22 (3.93%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 21 (3.75%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (22.32%) Web Services
2 82 (14.64%) Spring
3 80 (14.29%) HTML
4 79 (14.11%) .NET
5 75 (13.39%) XML
6 63 (11.25%) CSS
7 62 (11.07%) AngularJS
8 60 (10.71%) REST
9 57 (10.18%) React
10 52 (9.29%) RESTful
11 49 (8.75%) Kafka
12 48 (8.57%) Spring Boot
13 46 (8.21%) HTML5
14 45 (8.04%) JSON
15 38 (6.79%) Node.js
16 35 (6.25%) J2EE
17 29 (5.18%) scikit-learn
18 28 (5.00%) Flask
19 26 (4.64%) Apache Camel
19 26 (4.64%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 61 (10.89%) Analytical Skills
2 46 (8.21%) Fixed Income
2 46 (8.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 35 (6.25%) Derivative
4 32 (5.71%) Data Structures
5 31 (5.54%) Hedge funds
6 27 (4.82%) Equity Derivative
7 25 (4.46%) Semantic Web
8 24 (4.29%) Enterprise Software
9 23 (4.11%) Market Risk
10 17 (3.04%) Reference Data
11 15 (2.68%) Linux Command Line
12 13 (2.32%) Client/Server
12 13 (2.32%) Management Information System
13 11 (1.96%) Algorithms
13 11 (1.96%) Greenfield Project
14 10 (1.79%) User Experience
15 9 (1.61%) Cloud Native
15 9 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
16 6 (1.07%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 71 (12.68%) Linux
2 47 (8.39%) Unix
3 39 (6.96%) Windows
4 7 (1.25%) Windows Server
5 6 (1.07%) Mac OS
5 6 (1.07%) Solaris
6 5 (0.89%) Android
7 3 (0.54%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.18%) AIX
8 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 253 (45.18%) Agile Software Development
2 126 (22.50%) Microservices
3 107 (19.11%) Analytics
4 105 (18.75%) Migration
5 100 (17.86%) Software Engineering
6 98 (17.50%) TDD
7 97 (17.32%) Data Modelling
8 94 (16.79%) DevOps
9 76 (13.57%) Business Intelligence
10 70 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
11 69 (12.32%) SDLC
11 69 (12.32%) Test Automation
12 66 (11.79%) ETL
13 62 (11.07%) Problem-Solving
13 62 (11.07%) Scrum
14 57 (10.18%) OO
15 52 (9.29%) Data Migration
16 51 (9.11%) Asset Management
17 47 (8.39%) Pair Programming
18 39 (6.96%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 321 (57.32%) SQL
2 230 (41.07%) Java
3 155 (27.68%) Python
4 124 (22.14%) JavaScript
5 83 (14.82%) C#
6 56 (10.00%) Java 8
7 51 (9.11%) Scala
8 30 (5.36%) R
9 28 (5.00%) Kotlin
10 26 (4.64%) T-SQL
11 24 (4.29%) C++
12 21 (3.75%) PowerShell
13 20 (3.57%) Ruby
14 19 (3.39%) TypeScript
15 12 (2.14%) Bash Shell
15 12 (2.14%) VB
16 11 (1.96%) PHP
16 11 (1.96%) Shell Script
17 10 (1.79%) PL/SQL
18 9 (1.61%) Perl
Qualifications
1 42 (7.50%) Security Cleared
2 38 (6.79%) SC Cleared
3 37 (6.61%) Degree
4 19 (3.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.25%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.89%) SAS Certification
7 2 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.36%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.36%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.36%) ISEB
7 2 (0.36%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.36%) PhD
8 1 (0.18%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.18%) CISM
8 1 (0.18%) CISSP
8 1 (0.18%) ISSMP
8 1 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (8.21%) QA
2 29 (5.18%) Data Quality
3 16 (2.86%) IFRS
4 15 (2.68%) GDPR
4 15 (2.68%) Solvency II
5 10 (1.79%) SLA
6 3 (0.54%) MiFID
7 2 (0.36%) COBIT
7 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.18%) HL7
System Software
1 89 (15.89%) Docker
2 17 (3.04%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.71%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (0.54%) Apache Flume
4 3 (0.54%) HDFS
5 2 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.18%) Oracle Clusterware
6 1 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 76 (13.57%) Kubernetes
2 37 (6.61%) Terraform
3 19 (3.39%) Ansible
4 12 (2.14%) Single Sign-On
5 9 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (1.61%) Puppet
6 5 (0.89%) Istio
6 5 (0.89%) linkerd
7 4 (0.71%) Data Guard
8 3 (0.54%) Graphite
8 3 (0.54%) Kibana
9 2 (0.36%) Control-M
9 2 (0.36%) Grafana
9 2 (0.36%) MIIS
9 2 (0.36%) Tivoli
9 2 (0.36%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 1 (0.18%) EMC NetWorker
10 1 (0.18%) Mesos
10 1 (0.18%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 1 (0.18%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 144 (25.71%) Oracle
2 66 (11.79%) Microsoft
3 46 (8.21%) Google
4 44 (7.86%) Sybase
5 15 (2.68%) IBM
6 14 (2.50%) Atlassian
6 14 (2.50%) Salesforce.com
6 14 (2.50%) Tableau
7 12 (2.14%) Cloudera
7 12 (2.14%) Databricks
7 12 (2.14%) Teradata
8 11 (1.96%) SAP
9 9 (1.61%) MapR
9 9 (1.61%) ServiceNow
9 9 (1.61%) Vermilion
10 8 (1.43%) Hortonworks
10 8 (1.43%) Splunk
11 7 (1.25%) hybris
11 7 (1.25%) MicroStrategy
11 7 (1.25%) MuleSoft