Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 112 125 89
Rank change year-on-year +13 -36 +13
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 310 857 1,365
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.33% 2.23% 2.98%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.30% 9.19% 11.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 221 547 918
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £375 £406 £375
90th Percentile £700 £675 £684
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 7 6
Median hourly rate £21.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -55.79% +5.56% +83.79%
10th Percentile £15.99 £39.37 £21.57
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £67.50
England median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year -26.32% +17.28% +35.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 3,335 9,325 11,434
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 25.07% 24.24% 24.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,248 6,739 8,539
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £363 £363
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 57 57
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +27.27% +1.25%
10th Percentile £20.04 £15.60 £19.25
90th Percentile £50.22 £53.75 £47.60
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.73
% change year-on-year - +26.22% -7.57%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +34 36 £525 -4.55% 26
West London +26 16 £600 +14.29% 6
East London +56 3 £350 -33.33% 10
South London 0 2 £738 +28.26% 4
North London +11 1 £450 -25.00% 2
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 160 (51.61%) SQL
2 144 (46.45%) Java
3 116 (37.42%) Agile Software Development
4 101 (32.58%) RDBMS
4 101 (32.58%) Finance
5 93 (30.00%) Banking
6 89 (28.71%) SQL Server
7 86 (27.74%) Linux
7 86 (27.74%) Python
8 82 (26.45%) Oracle
9 77 (24.84%) Spring
10 76 (24.52%) AWS
11 73 (23.55%) Microservices
12 71 (22.90%) Unix
13 60 (19.35%) Web Services
14 56 (18.06%) REST
15 53 (17.10%) OO
16 52 (16.77%) Docker
17 50 (16.13%) Sybase
17 50 (16.13%) Investment Banking
18 49 (15.81%) Azure
18 49 (15.81%) MySQL
19 47 (15.16%) Kubernetes
20 44 (14.19%) TDD
21 43 (13.87%) Software Engineering
21 43 (13.87%) JavaScript
22 42 (13.55%) Data Warehouse
22 42 (13.55%) Analytics
23 41 (13.23%) Middleware
24 40 (12.90%) C#

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (8.06%) Mule
2 16 (5.16%) JBoss
3 14 (4.52%) Red Hat Fuse
4 13 (4.19%) Apache Spark
5 11 (3.55%) Confluence
6 7 (2.26%) SAS
6 7 (2.26%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.94%) Apache
7 6 (1.94%) IIS
7 6 (1.94%) WebLogic
8 5 (1.61%) CMS
8 5 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (1.29%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.97%) WebSphere Application Server
11 2 (0.65%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.65%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.65%) TPMS
11 2 (0.65%) WordPress
12 1 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.32%) Camunda
Applications
1 17 (5.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (3.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (2.26%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (1.29%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.97%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.65%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.32%) SPSS
7 1 (0.32%) Stata
Business Applications
1 7 (2.26%) SunGard Martini
2 2 (0.65%) Eloqua
2 2 (0.65%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.32%) Magento
3 1 (0.32%) Maximo
3 1 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 76 (24.52%) AWS
2 49 (15.81%) Azure
3 13 (4.19%) GCP
4 11 (3.55%) Power Platform
5 9 (2.90%) PaaS
5 9 (2.90%) Serverless
6 7 (2.26%) GitHub
6 7 (2.26%) OpenShift
7 6 (1.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 5 (1.61%) Azure Data Factory
8 5 (1.61%) SaaS
9 4 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 4 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (1.29%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (1.29%) Dynamics 365
10 3 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
10 3 (0.97%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.65%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 2 (0.65%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.19%) HTTP
2 8 (2.58%) Firewall
3 7 (2.26%) DNS
4 6 (1.94%) RTMP
5 5 (1.61%) Internet
6 4 (1.29%) SSL
6 4 (1.29%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.65%) AMQP
7 2 (0.65%) FTP
7 2 (0.65%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.65%) Network Security
7 2 (0.65%) SMS
7 2 (0.65%) VPN
8 1 (0.32%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.32%) LAN
8 1 (0.32%) Multicast
8 1 (0.32%) Remote Desktop
8 1 (0.32%) SSH
8 1 (0.32%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 101 (32.58%) RDBMS
2 89 (28.71%) SQL Server
3 49 (15.81%) MySQL
4 42 (13.55%) Data Warehouse
5 39 (12.58%) PostgreSQL
6 38 (12.26%) NoSQL
7 34 (10.97%) MongoDB
8 31 (10.00%) Big Data
9 28 (9.03%) Amazon Aurora
10 27 (8.71%) Oracle Database
11 21 (6.77%) Amazon RDS
12 16 (5.16%) Hadoop
13 13 (4.19%) Oracle Database 12c
14 11 (3.55%) Data Lake
14 11 (3.55%) Power BI
14 11 (3.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 10 (3.23%) Oracle Database 11g
16 9 (2.90%) MS Access
16 9 (2.90%) Snowflake Schema
17 7 (2.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 34 (10.97%) Git (software)
2 33 (10.65%) Jenkins
3 31 (10.00%) Maven
4 22 (7.10%) Subversion
5 20 (6.45%) JIRA
6 18 (5.81%) JUnit
7 12 (3.87%) Visual Studio
8 11 (3.55%) jMock
9 10 (3.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 9 (2.90%) FishEye
10 9 (2.90%) Hudson
11 8 (2.58%) Ant
11 8 (2.58%) Cucumber
11 8 (2.58%) Team Foundation Server
12 7 (2.26%) CppUnit
12 7 (2.26%) Gradle
12 7 (2.26%) Oracle APEX
13 5 (1.61%) NUnit
13 5 (1.61%) Visual Studio Team System
14 4 (1.29%) Mockito
General
1 101 (32.58%) Finance
2 93 (30.00%) Banking
3 50 (16.13%) Investment Banking
4 38 (12.26%) Front Office
5 16 (5.16%) Public Sector
6 14 (4.52%) Marketing
7 9 (2.90%) Back Office
8 7 (2.26%) Advertising
9 5 (1.61%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.65%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.65%) Military
11 2 (0.65%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.32%) Electronics
12 1 (0.32%) Law
12 1 (0.32%) Legal
12 1 (0.32%) Local Government
12 1 (0.32%) Publishing
12 1 (0.32%) Retail
12 1 (0.32%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 178 (57.42%) Developer
2 87 (28.06%) Java Developer
3 35 (11.29%) Architect
3 35 (11.29%) AWS Engineer
4 33 (10.65%) AWS Developer
5 32 (10.32%) Java Engineer
6 28 (9.03%) Software Engineer
7 27 (8.71%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 26 (8.39%) AWS Software Engineer
9 25 (8.06%) SQL Developer
10 22 (7.10%) Integration Developer
10 22 (7.10%) Java Software Developer
10 22 (7.10%) Java Software Engineer
11 21 (6.77%) Analyst
12 19 (6.13%) Python Developer
13 18 (5.81%) Data Engineer
14 14 (4.52%) Solutions Architect
15 13 (4.19%) C# Developer
15 13 (4.19%) Data Architect
15 13 (4.19%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (24.84%) Spring
2 60 (19.35%) Web Services
3 56 (18.06%) REST
4 41 (13.23%) Middleware
5 40 (12.90%) HTML
6 34 (10.97%) XML
7 32 (10.32%) gRPC
8 31 (10.00%) Apache Camel
8 31 (10.00%) JMS
9 29 (9.35%) .NET
10 24 (7.74%) Dropwizard
10 24 (7.74%) Hibernate
10 24 (7.74%) J2EE
10 24 (7.74%) Spring Integration
11 22 (7.10%) CSS
12 19 (6.13%) HTML5
12 19 (6.13%) Kafka
13 18 (5.81%) AngularJS
13 18 (5.81%) Java EE
13 18 (5.81%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 40 (12.90%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (8.06%) Fixed Income
3 18 (5.81%) Reference Data
4 16 (5.16%) Management Information System
5 15 (4.84%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (4.52%) Pricing Data
7 11 (3.55%) Data Structures
8 10 (3.23%) Equities
9 9 (2.90%) Cloud Native
9 9 (2.90%) Greenfield Project
10 8 (2.58%) Clustering
11 7 (2.26%) Mainframe
12 6 (1.94%) Mobile App
12 6 (1.94%) Virtual Team
13 5 (1.61%) Client/Server
13 5 (1.61%) Market Risk
13 5 (1.61%) PKI
14 4 (1.29%) Derivative
14 4 (1.29%) FMCG
14 4 (1.29%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 86 (27.74%) Linux
2 71 (22.90%) Unix
3 40 (12.90%) Windows
4 6 (1.94%) Mac OS X
4 6 (1.94%) Windows Server
5 4 (1.29%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.29%) Solaris
6 3 (0.97%) Android
7 2 (0.65%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.32%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.32%) Windows 8
8 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 116 (37.42%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (23.55%) Microservices
3 53 (17.10%) OO
4 44 (14.19%) TDD
5 43 (13.87%) Software Engineering
6 42 (13.55%) Analytics
7 39 (12.58%) Data Modelling
8 37 (11.94%) Problem-Solving
9 33 (10.65%) Asset Management
9 33 (10.65%) Business Intelligence
9 33 (10.65%) DevOps
10 30 (9.68%) ETL
11 29 (9.35%) BDD
11 29 (9.35%) Continuous Integration
12 26 (8.39%) Migration
12 26 (8.39%) Scrum
12 26 (8.39%) Test Automation
13 25 (8.06%) SDLC
14 22 (7.10%) Data Architecture
14 22 (7.10%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 160 (51.61%) SQL
2 144 (46.45%) Java
3 86 (27.74%) Python
4 43 (13.87%) JavaScript
5 40 (12.90%) C#
6 21 (6.77%) Java 8
7 18 (5.81%) R
8 17 (5.48%) Shell Script
9 16 (5.16%) Perl
10 13 (4.19%) Scala
11 11 (3.55%) C++
11 11 (3.55%) PL/SQL
11 11 (3.55%) T-SQL
12 8 (2.58%) Bash Shell
12 8 (2.58%) PHP
13 7 (2.26%) Go
13 7 (2.26%) PowerShell
14 6 (1.94%) Kotlin
14 6 (1.94%) TypeScript
15 5 (1.61%) VB
Qualifications
1 34 (10.97%) Degree
2 23 (7.42%) Security Cleared
3 17 (5.48%) SC Cleared
4 11 (3.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (2.90%) Master's Degree
6 4 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.65%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.32%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.32%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.32%) HNC
8 1 (0.32%) HND
8 1 (0.32%) IBM Certification
8 1 (0.32%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.32%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.32%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (10.65%) Data Quality
2 26 (8.39%) QA
3 3 (0.97%) MiFID
4 2 (0.65%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.65%) NCSC
5 1 (0.32%) CDISC
5 1 (0.32%) GDPR
5 1 (0.32%) Good Clinical Practice
5 1 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.32%) SLA
System Software
1 52 (16.77%) Docker
2 9 (2.90%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.94%) HDFS
4 3 (0.97%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.97%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.32%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.32%) LXC
6 1 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 47 (15.16%) Kubernetes
2 14 (4.52%) Terraform
3 6 (1.94%) Ansible
4 5 (1.61%) Puppet
5 4 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.65%) Consul
6 2 (0.65%) Data Guard
6 2 (0.65%) HP ALM
6 2 (0.65%) Packer
6 2 (0.65%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.32%) Control-M
7 1 (0.32%) Grafana
7 1 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.32%) Istio
7 1 (0.32%) Nagios
7 1 (0.32%) Rancher
Vendors
1 82 (26.45%) Oracle
2 50 (16.13%) Sybase
3 35 (11.29%) Microsoft
4 11 (3.55%) Atlassian
5 10 (3.23%) Tableau
6 9 (2.90%) Murex
7 8 (2.58%) Cloudera
7 8 (2.58%) Informatica
8 7 (2.26%) FIS
8 7 (2.26%) IBM
8 7 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
8 7 (2.26%) SunGard
9 6 (1.94%) Google
9 6 (1.94%) SAP
10 5 (1.61%) Cognizant
10 5 (1.61%) Databricks
10 5 (1.61%) Hortonworks
10 5 (1.61%) MapR
11 4 (1.29%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 4 (1.29%) Splunk