Period
to 13 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 124 92 104
Rank change year-on-year -32 +12 +22
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 728 1,329 1,198
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.15% 2.83% 2.52%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.02% 11.64% 10.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 473 889 835
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £388 £375 £380
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 2
London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £26.24
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +71.48% -19.25%
10th Percentile £51.25 £21.10 £23.40
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.50 £29.59
England median hourly rate £30.00 £33.74 £35.00
% change year-on-year -11.08% -3.60% -10.26%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,067 11,416 11,268
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 23.82% 24.32% 23.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,792 8,520 8,412
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 48 63
London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.62 £27.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.74% +1.68% -9.10%
10th Percentile £15.58 £18.35 £18.05
90th Percentile £59.90 £50.50 £58.75
England median hourly rate £31.75 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -9.29% +7.69% +18.18%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -26 122 £550 - 69
South London +5 54 £575 +4.55% 12
West London +16 50 £525 +21.74% 27
East London +8 6 £525 - 18
North London - 2 £350 - 3
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 357 (49.04%) SQL
2 337 (46.29%) Agile Software Development
3 298 (40.93%) RDBMS
4 264 (36.26%) Java
5 200 (27.47%) Finance
6 199 (27.34%) SQL Server
6 199 (27.34%) AWS
7 197 (27.06%) Python
8 186 (25.55%) Azure
9 181 (24.86%) Oracle
10 170 (23.35%) Microservices
11 155 (21.29%) DevOps
12 150 (20.60%) PostgreSQL
13 139 (19.09%) MySQL
14 138 (18.96%) TDD
15 131 (17.99%) JavaScript
16 124 (17.03%) Web Services
16 124 (17.03%) Software Engineering
17 123 (16.90%) Analytics
18 117 (16.07%) NoSQL
19 110 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
20 104 (14.29%) Docker
21 103 (14.15%) Git (software)
22 99 (13.60%) REST
23 98 (13.46%) Banking
23 98 (13.46%) C#
23 98 (13.46%) HTML
24 96 (13.19%) CSS
25 92 (12.64%) Migration
25 92 (12.64%) Test Automation

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (8.93%) Apache Spark
2 34 (4.67%) Apache
3 29 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
4 24 (3.30%) Confluence
5 19 (2.61%) SharePoint
6 13 (1.79%) nginx
6 13 (1.79%) Tomcat
7 10 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
8 9 (1.24%) SAS
9 8 (1.10%) JBoss
10 7 (0.96%) Camunda
10 7 (0.96%) CMS
10 7 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (0.82%) IIS
12 5 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.55%) Luigi
14 3 (0.41%) ColdFusion
14 3 (0.41%) Sonic ESB
14 3 (0.41%) Tornado
Applications
1 41 (5.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.51%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.96%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.82%) XMetaL
5 3 (0.41%) GNU Octave
6 1 (0.14%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.14%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 20 (2.75%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (1.10%) PolarLake
3 7 (0.96%) NetSuite
3 7 (0.96%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.82%) Markit EDM
4 6 (0.82%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.69%) Adobe Campaign
5 5 (0.69%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.55%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 4 (0.55%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.27%) SAP Bank Analyzer
8 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.14%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.14%) Global One
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.14%) SDL Web 8
8 1 (0.14%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 199 (27.34%) AWS
2 186 (25.55%) Azure
3 74 (10.16%) GCP
4 43 (5.91%) Power Platform
5 26 (3.57%) Serverless
6 24 (3.30%) Amazon S3
6 24 (3.30%) AWS Step Functions
6 24 (3.30%) Azure Data Factory
7 22 (3.02%) Amazon SQS
8 21 (2.88%) SaaS
9 16 (2.20%) GitHub
10 15 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
11 14 (1.92%) PaaS
12 13 (1.79%) Azure Machine Learning
13 12 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
14 11 (1.51%) Amazon EMR
15 10 (1.37%) Azure Functions
15 10 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (1.37%) IaaS
16 9 (1.24%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.65%) HTTP
2 10 (1.37%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.10%) Firewall
3 8 (1.10%) Internet
4 5 (0.69%) DNS
4 5 (0.69%) SSH
5 4 (0.55%) FIX Connectivity
5 4 (0.55%) FTP
5 4 (0.55%) VPN
6 3 (0.41%) RTMP
6 3 (0.41%) SSL
6 3 (0.41%) WAN
7 2 (0.27%) DHCP
7 2 (0.27%) Extranet
7 2 (0.27%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
7 2 (0.27%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
7 2 (0.27%) Intranet
7 2 (0.27%) LAN
7 2 (0.27%) Network Security
7 2 (0.27%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 298 (40.93%) RDBMS
2 199 (27.34%) SQL Server
3 150 (20.60%) PostgreSQL
4 139 (19.09%) MySQL
5 117 (16.07%) NoSQL
6 77 (10.58%) Redis
7 76 (10.44%) Big Data
8 75 (10.30%) MongoDB
9 71 (9.75%) Apache Cassandra
10 59 (8.10%) Hadoop
11 55 (7.55%) Data Warehouse
12 53 (7.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 43 (5.91%) Power BI
14 39 (5.36%) Amazon Aurora
15 36 (4.95%) DB2
15 36 (4.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 28 (3.85%) Couchbase
17 26 (3.57%) Oracle Database
18 25 (3.43%) Azure SQL Database
19 24 (3.30%) HBase
Development Applications
1 103 (14.15%) Git (software)
2 85 (11.68%) JIRA
3 60 (8.24%) Jenkins
4 37 (5.08%) JUnit
5 34 (4.67%) Cucumber
6 29 (3.98%) Mockito
6 29 (3.98%) TeamCity
7 26 (3.57%) Selenium
8 23 (3.16%) Mocha
9 22 (3.02%) Maven
10 15 (2.06%) Visual Studio Team System
11 12 (1.65%) Visual Studio
12 11 (1.51%) NUnit
12 11 (1.51%) Team Foundation Server
13 10 (1.37%) Eclipse
14 8 (1.10%) Checkstyle
14 8 (1.10%) SonarQube
14 8 (1.10%) webpack
15 7 (0.96%) GitLab
15 7 (0.96%) Spock
General
1 200 (27.47%) Finance
2 98 (13.46%) Banking
3 67 (9.20%) Front Office
4 37 (5.08%) Investment Banking
5 27 (3.71%) Marketing
5 27 (3.71%) Retail
6 14 (1.92%) Public Sector
7 13 (1.79%) Games
8 12 (1.65%) Pharmaceutical
9 11 (1.51%) Telecoms
10 10 (1.37%) Advertising
10 10 (1.37%) Publishing
11 9 (1.24%) Legal
12 4 (0.55%) Back Office
12 4 (0.55%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.41%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.41%) Law
14 2 (0.27%) General Ledger
15 1 (0.14%) Billing
15 1 (0.14%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 376 (51.65%) Developer
2 102 (14.01%) Java Developer
3 72 (9.89%) Architect
4 63 (8.65%) Senior Developer
5 61 (8.38%) Python Developer
6 60 (8.24%) Data Engineer
7 59 (8.10%) Analyst
8 53 (7.28%) AWS Developer
9 47 (6.46%) C# Developer
10 45 (6.18%) Software Engineer
11 42 (5.77%) AWS Engineer
12 40 (5.49%) Java Engineer
13 35 (4.81%) .NET Developer
14 34 (4.67%) Full Stack Developer
15 31 (4.26%) Data Analyst
16 30 (4.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 29 (3.98%) Java Software Engineer
18 28 (3.85%) Angular Developer
19 27 (3.71%) Java Software Developer
20 25 (3.43%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (17.03%) Web Services
2 99 (13.60%) REST
3 98 (13.46%) HTML
4 96 (13.19%) CSS
5 80 (10.99%) AngularJS
6 78 (10.71%) Kafka
7 75 (10.30%) React
7 75 (10.30%) Spring
8 74 (10.16%) XML
9 73 (10.03%) .NET
9 73 (10.03%) RESTful
10 61 (8.38%) Node.js
11 59 (8.10%) JSON
12 55 (7.55%) J2EE
13 44 (6.04%) Pandas
14 37 (5.08%) Flask
15 36 (4.95%) scikit-learn
16 34 (4.67%) Redux
17 32 (4.40%) HTML5
17 32 (4.40%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 71 (9.75%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (5.91%) Fixed Income
3 39 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
4 33 (4.53%) Derivative
5 31 (4.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 27 (3.71%) Algorithms
7 22 (3.02%) Equity Derivative
7 22 (3.02%) Pricing Data
8 21 (2.88%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (2.88%) Hedge funds
9 19 (2.61%) Data Structures
9 19 (2.61%) User Experience
10 18 (2.47%) Self-Motivation
11 17 (2.34%) Linux Command Line
12 16 (2.20%) Clustering
12 16 (2.20%) Market Risk
13 15 (2.06%) Management Information System
14 14 (1.92%) Client/Server
14 14 (1.92%) Equities
15 11 (1.51%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 83 (11.40%) Linux
2 74 (10.16%) Unix
3 32 (4.40%) Windows
4 16 (2.20%) Solaris
5 7 (0.96%) VMS
6 6 (0.82%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.55%) AIX
8 3 (0.41%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.27%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.14%) Android
10 1 (0.14%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.14%) CentOS
10 1 (0.14%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 337 (46.29%) Agile Software Development
2 170 (23.35%) Microservices
3 155 (21.29%) DevOps
4 138 (18.96%) TDD
5 124 (17.03%) Software Engineering
6 123 (16.90%) Analytics
7 110 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
8 92 (12.64%) Migration
8 92 (12.64%) Test Automation
9 88 (12.09%) ETL
10 83 (11.40%) Business Intelligence
11 82 (11.26%) Data Modelling
12 77 (10.58%) Problem-Solving
13 68 (9.34%) Machine Learning
14 65 (8.93%) SDLC
15 64 (8.79%) Data Science
16 63 (8.65%) Scrum
17 57 (7.83%) Data Management
18 55 (7.55%) Asset Management
19 54 (7.42%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 357 (49.04%) SQL
2 264 (36.26%) Java
3 197 (27.06%) Python
4 131 (17.99%) JavaScript
5 98 (13.46%) C#
6 62 (8.52%) Scala
7 37 (5.08%) Java 8
8 34 (4.67%) TypeScript
9 28 (3.85%) Ruby
10 23 (3.16%) T-SQL
11 22 (3.02%) C++
12 20 (2.75%) Kotlin
12 20 (2.75%) Shell Script
13 17 (2.34%) PHP
13 17 (2.34%) PowerShell
14 16 (2.20%) Perl
14 16 (2.20%) PL/SQL
15 14 (1.92%) R
16 12 (1.65%) Go
17 11 (1.51%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 39 (5.36%) Degree
2 34 (4.67%) Security Cleared
3 32 (4.40%) SC Cleared
4 21 (2.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.65%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.69%) SAS Certification
7 3 (0.41%) PhD
8 2 (0.27%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.27%) CCIE
8 2 (0.27%) CCNP
8 2 (0.27%) CEH
8 2 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.27%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.14%) ISSMP
9 1 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.71%) QA
2 16 (2.20%) Data Quality
3 9 (1.24%) SLA
4 8 (1.10%) GDPR
5 7 (0.96%) IFRS
5 7 (0.96%) Solvency II
6 6 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.69%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.41%) EMIR
8 3 (0.41%) MiFID
9 2 (0.27%) COBIT
10 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.14%) HL7
10 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 104 (14.29%) Docker
2 32 (4.40%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.55%) HDFS
4 2 (0.27%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 2 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.14%) vSphere
5 1 (0.14%) Xen
Systems Management
1 92 (12.64%) Kubernetes
2 35 (4.81%) Terraform
3 25 (3.43%) Ansible
4 16 (2.20%) Single Sign-On
5 11 (1.51%) Kibana
5 11 (1.51%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (1.24%) Istio
6 9 (1.24%) linkerd
6 9 (1.24%) Puppet
7 8 (1.10%) Grafana
8 5 (0.69%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.55%) Salt
10 3 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.41%) Graphite
10 3 (0.41%) SCCM
10 3 (0.41%) Tivoli
11 2 (0.27%) MIIS
11 2 (0.27%) Packer
11 2 (0.27%) PowerBroker
Vendors
1 181 (24.86%) Oracle
2 72 (9.89%) Microsoft
3 63 (8.65%) Sybase
4 56 (7.69%) Google
5 30 (4.12%) Tableau
6 29 (3.98%) Salesforce.com
7 20 (2.75%) SAP
8 17 (2.34%) IBM
8 17 (2.34%) Vermilion
9 13 (1.79%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.65%) Databricks
11 11 (1.51%) Informatica
11 11 (1.51%) Teradata
12 10 (1.37%) Alteryx
12 10 (1.37%) MicroStrategy
12 10 (1.37%) Red Hat
13 9 (1.24%) Adobe
14 8 (1.10%) Bloomberg
14 8 (1.10%) Dell
14 8 (1.10%) MuleSoft