Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 126 89 101
Rank change year-on-year -37 +12 +35
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 864 1,351 1,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.21% 2.94% 2.59%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.12% 11.75% 10.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 544 915 759
London median daily rate £550 £547 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.58% +9.37% +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £500 £463
% change year-on-year - +8.11% +5.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 1
London median hourly rate £49.13 £45.00 £24.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.18% +83.79% -55.48%
10th Percentile £40.83 £21.10 £23.11
90th Percentile £61.25 £69.50 £25.86
England median hourly rate £49.13 £40.50 £29.75
% change year-on-year +21.31% +36.13% -17.36%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 9,469 11,502 10,530
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 24.23% 25.04% 23.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,850 8,578 7,690
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £360 £340
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 56 60
London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.62 £27.33
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.74% +1.04% -21.91%
10th Percentile £15.60 £19.50 £18.68
90th Percentile £54.63 £47.63 £58.75
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% - +1.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -22 170 £550 +0.92% 64
West London 0 54 £460 +2.22% 26
South London +17 53 £575 +4.55% 9
North London - 5 £600 - 7
East London -38 2 £500 -1.23% 17
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 401 (46.41%) Agile Software Development
2 359 (41.55%) SQL
3 341 (39.47%) RDBMS
4 330 (38.19%) Java
5 239 (27.66%) Microservices
6 223 (25.81%) Python
7 215 (24.88%) AWS
8 205 (23.73%) Finance
9 201 (23.26%) SQL Server
10 193 (22.34%) DevOps
11 192 (22.22%) Oracle
12 184 (21.30%) MySQL
13 172 (19.91%) Azure
14 168 (19.44%) JavaScript
15 167 (19.33%) PostgreSQL
16 166 (19.21%) TDD
17 152 (17.59%) Docker
18 147 (17.01%) Linux
19 141 (16.32%) Git (software)
19 141 (16.32%) Test Automation
20 140 (16.20%) Continuous Integration
21 135 (15.63%) Web Services
22 133 (15.39%) NoSQL
23 129 (14.93%) C#
24 122 (14.12%) HTML
25 118 (13.66%) Scrum
26 117 (13.54%) CSS
27 112 (12.96%) RESTful
28 109 (12.62%) AngularJS
28 109 (12.62%) Jenkins

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (7.87%) Apache Spark
2 55 (6.37%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (4.98%) Apache
4 41 (4.75%) Confluence
5 19 (2.20%) SharePoint
6 15 (1.74%) Tomcat
7 14 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
7 14 (1.62%) WebSphere
8 12 (1.39%) JBoss
9 11 (1.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 8 (0.93%) nginx
10 8 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 7 (0.81%) CMS
12 6 (0.69%) Apache Solr
12 6 (0.69%) Luigi
12 6 (0.69%) SAS
12 6 (0.69%) WebLogic
13 5 (0.58%) Jetty
13 5 (0.58%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.46%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 34 (3.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (2.20%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.27%) MS Visio
4 9 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.23%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.23%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (2.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 8 (0.93%) PolarLake
3 7 (0.81%) Markit EDM
4 6 (0.69%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.58%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.58%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.46%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.23%) SAP BPC
8 2 (0.23%) Summit
9 1 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.12%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 215 (24.88%) AWS
2 172 (19.91%) Azure
3 59 (6.83%) GCP
4 53 (6.13%) Serverless
5 47 (5.44%) Power Platform
6 41 (4.75%) AWS Lambda
7 38 (4.40%) Amazon S3
8 30 (3.47%) Amazon SQS
9 27 (3.13%) GitHub
10 25 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
11 18 (2.08%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 18 (2.08%) Azure Data Factory
12 17 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
13 15 (1.74%) Azure Functions
13 15 (1.74%) SaaS
14 14 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
15 12 (1.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 12 (1.39%) Office 365
16 11 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
17 10 (1.16%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 51 (5.90%) HTTP
2 34 (3.94%) TCP/IP
3 28 (3.24%) DNS
4 26 (3.01%) FTP
5 25 (2.89%) Firewall
6 24 (2.78%) SSL
7 23 (2.66%) DHCP
7 23 (2.66%) IPsec
8 21 (2.43%) Internet
8 21 (2.43%) WAN
9 18 (2.08%) Network Security
10 14 (1.62%) Intrusion Detection
11 6 (0.69%) VPN
12 4 (0.46%) FIX Connectivity
13 3 (0.35%) RTMP
14 2 (0.23%) Extranet
14 2 (0.23%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
14 2 (0.23%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
14 2 (0.23%) Intranet
14 2 (0.23%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 341 (39.47%) RDBMS
2 201 (23.26%) SQL Server
3 184 (21.30%) MySQL
4 167 (19.33%) PostgreSQL
5 133 (15.39%) NoSQL
6 100 (11.57%) MongoDB
7 96 (11.11%) Big Data
8 69 (7.99%) Data Warehouse
9 62 (7.18%) Hadoop
10 56 (6.48%) Apache Cassandra
11 45 (5.21%) Redis
12 41 (4.75%) Power BI
13 40 (4.63%) Amazon Redshift
14 38 (4.40%) Oracle Database
14 38 (4.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 36 (4.17%) Amazon RDS
16 27 (3.13%) Data Lake
16 27 (3.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 23 (2.66%) Azure SQL Database
18 22 (2.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 141 (16.32%) Git (software)
2 109 (12.62%) Jenkins
3 108 (12.50%) JIRA
4 45 (5.21%) JUnit
5 43 (4.98%) Selenium
6 40 (4.63%) Cucumber
7 36 (4.17%) Mockito
8 34 (3.94%) Maven
8 34 (3.94%) TeamCity
9 29 (3.36%) Subversion
10 26 (3.01%) Visual Studio Team System
11 23 (2.66%) Mocha
11 23 (2.66%) Travis CI
12 16 (1.85%) Jasmine
13 14 (1.62%) Eclipse
13 14 (1.62%) Visual Studio
14 11 (1.27%) Spock
15 10 (1.16%) Ant
15 10 (1.16%) Bitbucket
15 10 (1.16%) SonarQube
General
1 205 (23.73%) Finance
2 104 (12.04%) Banking
3 55 (6.37%) Front Office
4 50 (5.79%) Retail
5 47 (5.44%) Investment Banking
6 41 (4.75%) Marketing
7 33 (3.82%) Public Sector
8 22 (2.55%) Games
9 16 (1.85%) Financial Institution
10 14 (1.62%) Legal
11 10 (1.16%) Publishing
12 9 (1.04%) Advertising
13 8 (0.93%) Telecoms
14 5 (0.58%) Back Office
15 4 (0.46%) Law
15 4 (0.46%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.46%) Online Betting
16 3 (0.35%) Electronics
16 3 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.35%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 432 (50.00%) Developer
2 133 (15.39%) Java Developer
3 102 (11.81%) Architect
4 62 (7.18%) Analyst
5 57 (6.60%) Data Engineer
6 52 (6.02%) C# Developer
6 52 (6.02%) Senior Developer
7 48 (5.56%) Python Developer
8 45 (5.21%) AWS Developer
8 45 (5.21%) Full Stack Developer
9 42 (4.86%) DevOps Engineer
10 41 (4.75%) AWS Engineer
10 41 (4.75%) Software Engineer
11 38 (4.40%) Java Engineer
12 37 (4.28%) .NET Developer
13 35 (4.05%) Java Software Engineer
14 34 (3.94%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 33 (3.82%) Java Software Developer
16 27 (3.13%) Consultant
16 27 (3.13%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (15.63%) Web Services
2 122 (14.12%) HTML
3 117 (13.54%) CSS
4 112 (12.96%) RESTful
5 109 (12.62%) AngularJS
6 106 (12.27%) REST
7 105 (12.15%) Spring
8 90 (10.42%) .NET
9 77 (8.91%) React
10 74 (8.56%) XML
11 73 (8.45%) JSON
12 68 (7.87%) Kafka
13 65 (7.52%) J2EE
14 60 (6.94%) Node.js
15 51 (5.90%) Redux
16 47 (5.44%) SOAP
17 43 (4.98%) HTML5
17 43 (4.98%) J2SE
18 37 (4.28%) .NET Core
19 32 (3.70%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 91 (10.53%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
3 31 (3.59%) Algorithms
4 28 (3.24%) Data Structures
4 28 (3.24%) Fixed Income
5 27 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
6 21 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
7 20 (2.31%) Credit Risk
7 20 (2.31%) Data Centre
7 20 (2.31%) Derivative
8 18 (2.08%) Equities
8 18 (2.08%) User Experience
9 17 (1.97%) Pricing Data
10 16 (1.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 16 (1.85%) Replication
11 14 (1.62%) Management Information System
12 12 (1.39%) BYOD
12 12 (1.39%) Clustering
13 11 (1.27%) Mobile App
13 11 (1.27%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 147 (17.01%) Linux
2 99 (11.46%) Unix
3 45 (5.21%) Windows
4 12 (1.39%) Mac OS X
5 11 (1.27%) Solaris
6 10 (1.16%) VMS
7 7 (0.81%) CentOS
7 7 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.69%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.69%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.58%) Android
10 3 (0.35%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.23%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.12%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.12%) HPUX
12 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 401 (46.41%) Agile Software Development
2 239 (27.66%) Microservices
3 193 (22.34%) DevOps
4 166 (19.21%) TDD
5 141 (16.32%) Test Automation
6 140 (16.20%) Continuous Integration
7 118 (13.66%) Scrum
8 108 (12.50%) Software Engineering
9 106 (12.27%) OO
10 101 (11.69%) Analytics
11 93 (10.76%) ETL
12 89 (10.30%) Data Modelling
13 84 (9.72%) Business Intelligence
13 84 (9.72%) Problem-Solving
14 81 (9.38%) Migration
15 76 (8.80%) Open Source
16 72 (8.33%) Kanban
17 67 (7.75%) SDLC
18 63 (7.29%) BDD
19 62 (7.18%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 359 (41.55%) SQL
2 330 (38.19%) Java
3 223 (25.81%) Python
4 168 (19.44%) JavaScript
5 129 (14.93%) C#
6 63 (7.29%) Scala
7 50 (5.79%) TypeScript
8 41 (4.75%) Shell Script
9 40 (4.63%) Perl
10 34 (3.94%) Ruby
11 30 (3.47%) Java 8
12 27 (3.13%) C++
13 23 (2.66%) PHP
13 23 (2.66%) PL/SQL
13 23 (2.66%) PowerShell
13 23 (2.66%) T-SQL
14 21 (2.43%) Bash Shell
14 21 (2.43%) Go
15 20 (2.31%) VBA
16 13 (1.50%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 66 (7.64%) Degree
2 47 (5.44%) Security Cleared
3 44 (5.09%) SC Cleared
4 28 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.39%) Master's Degree
6 4 (0.46%) TOGAF Certification
7 3 (0.35%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.35%) PhD
8 2 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.23%) CCIE
8 2 (0.23%) CCNP
8 2 (0.23%) CEH
8 2 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.23%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.12%) ISEB
9 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.12%) RHCE
9 1 (0.12%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.13%) QA
2 18 (2.08%) Data Quality
3 10 (1.16%) SLA
4 6 (0.69%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.46%) GDPR
5 4 (0.46%) IFRS
5 4 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.46%) Solvency II
6 3 (0.35%) EMIR
6 3 (0.35%) HL7
6 3 (0.35%) MiFID
7 2 (0.23%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.12%) COBIT
8 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.12%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 152 (17.59%) Docker
2 29 (3.36%) Active Directory
3 24 (2.78%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.93%) HDFS
5 4 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.46%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 2 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.12%) vSphere
7 1 (0.12%) Xen
7 1 (0.12%) zsh
Systems Management
1 105 (12.15%) Kubernetes
2 61 (7.06%) Terraform
3 56 (6.48%) Ansible
4 47 (5.44%) Puppet
5 29 (3.36%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (2.08%) Packer
7 15 (1.74%) Consul
7 15 (1.74%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (1.04%) Kibana
9 7 (0.81%) Control-M
10 6 (0.69%) Grafana
11 5 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.46%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.46%) Salt
12 4 (0.46%) SCCM
12 4 (0.46%) Suricata
13 3 (0.35%) Ambari
13 3 (0.35%) Oozie
14 2 (0.23%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 192 (22.22%) Oracle
2 96 (11.11%) Microsoft
3 52 (6.02%) Google
4 40 (4.63%) Sybase
5 35 (4.05%) Salesforce.com
6 33 (3.82%) Tableau
7 23 (2.66%) IBM
8 21 (2.43%) Sparx
9 20 (2.31%) SAP
10 18 (2.08%) Red Hat
11 17 (1.97%) Adobe
11 17 (1.97%) Atlassian
12 15 (1.74%) Informatica
13 14 (1.62%) hybris
14 12 (1.39%) MuleSoft
15 10 (1.16%) Databricks
15 10 (1.16%) ServiceNow
16 9 (1.04%) Alteryx
16 9 (1.04%) Demandware
17 8 (0.93%) Cloudera