Period
to 18 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
18 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 107 91 106
Rank change year-on-year -16 +15 +4
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,032 1,244 965
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.44% 2.70% 2.39%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.98% 11.01% 9.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 714 886 658
London median daily rate £550 £548 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.37% +9.50% -
10th Percentile £375 £380 £319
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +3.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 2
London median hourly rate £35.00 £56.50 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.05% +73.85% -35.00%
10th Percentile £17.27 £31.65 £31.25
90th Percentile £61.25 £81.75 £33.75
England median hourly rate £29.99 £40.50 £17.43
% change year-on-year -25.95% +132.36% -58.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 10,336 11,295 9,980
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 24.41% 24.48% 24.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,563 8,538 7,188
London median daily rate £525 £513 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +5.67% +2.11%
10th Percentile £363 £356 £325
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 84 38
London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.25 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.89% -18.12% +32.69%
10th Percentile £20.00 £18.85 £16.87
90th Percentile £56.50 £45.07 £47.88
England median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +7.69% +18.18% +5.77%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 18 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 18 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 18 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -15 220 £550 - 17
West London 0 34 £425 +10.39% 4
South London -32 25 £475 -13.64%
East London -33 19 £525 -12.50% 2
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 18 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 563 (54.55%) Agile Software Development
2 486 (47.09%) Java
3 425 (41.18%) SQL
4 355 (34.40%) RDBMS
5 282 (27.33%) SQL Server
6 253 (24.52%) Git (software)
7 250 (24.22%) TDD
8 247 (23.93%) Oracle
9 246 (23.84%) Python
10 244 (23.64%) Finance
11 225 (21.80%) Linux
12 218 (21.12%) Microservices
13 214 (20.74%) HTML
14 212 (20.54%) REST
15 209 (20.25%) JavaScript
16 206 (19.96%) Spring
17 191 (18.51%) Continuous Integration
18 190 (18.41%) MySQL
19 188 (18.22%) Scrum
20 187 (18.12%) NoSQL
21 186 (18.02%) Amazon AWS
22 182 (17.64%) Test Automation
23 178 (17.25%) Banking
24 177 (17.15%) Unix
25 170 (16.47%) DevOps
26 161 (15.60%) MongoDB
27 159 (15.41%) AngularJS
28 157 (15.21%) JSON
28 157 (15.21%) CSS
28 157 (15.21%) XML

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (7.17%) Apache Spark
2 66 (6.40%) Apache
3 55 (5.33%) Confluence
4 26 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
5 23 (2.23%) SharePoint
6 22 (2.13%) GlassFish
6 22 (2.13%) Mule
6 22 (2.13%) WebLogic
6 22 (2.13%) WebSphere
7 17 (1.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 17 (1.65%) Cloud Foundry
7 17 (1.65%) WebSphere Application Server
8 15 (1.45%) JBoss
9 12 (1.16%) CMS
9 12 (1.16%) Tomcat
9 12 (1.16%) WildFly
10 10 (0.97%) JCAPS
10 10 (0.97%) Jetty
10 10 (0.97%) SAS
11 9 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 78 (7.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.07%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.58%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.29%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.19%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 15 (1.45%) SAP ERP
1 15 (1.45%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.48%) Teamcenter
3 4 (0.39%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.39%) Loan IQ
4 3 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.29%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.19%) Dynamics GP
5 2 (0.19%) LatentZero
5 2 (0.19%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.19%) Summit
5 2 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.097%) Actimize
6 1 (0.097%) Cognos TM1
6 1 (0.097%) Endur
6 1 (0.097%) Kondor
6 1 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.097%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 186 (18.02%) Amazon AWS
2 145 (14.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 42 (4.07%) Amazon S3
4 41 (3.97%) Google Cloud Platform
5 39 (3.78%) Amazon EC2
6 30 (2.91%) AWS CloudFormation
7 29 (2.81%) Amazon SQS
8 28 (2.71%) Serverless
9 27 (2.62%) OpenShift
10 25 (2.42%) AWS Lambda
11 24 (2.33%) PaaS
12 21 (2.03%) Amazon EMR
12 21 (2.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 20 (1.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 20 (1.94%) AWS CloudTrail
14 19 (1.84%) Amazon Glacier
15 15 (1.45%) GitHub
16 13 (1.26%) Office 365
17 12 (1.16%) npm
18 11 (1.07%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 114 (11.05%) HTTP
2 53 (5.14%) FTP
3 47 (4.55%) TCP/IP
4 42 (4.07%) DNS
5 40 (3.88%) SSL
6 35 (3.39%) DHCP
6 35 (3.39%) IPsec
7 34 (3.29%) Internet
8 7 (0.68%) LAN
8 7 (0.68%) VPN
9 5 (0.48%) AMQP
9 5 (0.48%) Firewall
9 5 (0.48%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.48%) WAN
10 3 (0.29%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.29%) SAN
10 3 (0.29%) SMTP
11 2 (0.19%) 3G
11 2 (0.19%) Intranet
11 2 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 355 (34.40%) RDBMS
2 282 (27.33%) SQL Server
3 190 (18.41%) MySQL
4 187 (18.12%) NoSQL
5 161 (15.60%) MongoDB
6 120 (11.63%) Big Data
7 101 (9.79%) Data Warehouse
8 87 (8.43%) Hadoop
9 74 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
10 61 (5.91%) Power BI
11 60 (5.81%) Apache Cassandra
12 54 (5.23%) Oracle Database
13 47 (4.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 40 (3.88%) Neo4j
15 34 (3.29%) Apache Hive
15 34 (3.29%) SQL Server 2016
16 33 (3.20%) Amazon RDS
17 29 (2.81%) Amazon Redshift
18 27 (2.62%) SQL Server 2014
19 24 (2.33%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 253 (24.52%) Git (software)
2 155 (15.02%) Jenkins
3 109 (10.56%) Maven
4 94 (9.11%) Subversion
5 85 (8.24%) JIRA
6 78 (7.56%) JUnit
7 58 (5.62%) Mockito
8 44 (4.26%) Cucumber
9 35 (3.39%) Selenium
10 34 (3.29%) Visual Studio Team System
11 33 (3.20%) Travis CI
12 29 (2.81%) Hudson
12 29 (2.81%) Jasmine
13 27 (2.62%) SonarQube
14 21 (2.03%) Ant
15 20 (1.94%) Protractor
16 16 (1.55%) Bitbucket
17 15 (1.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 15 (1.45%) Visual Studio
18 13 (1.26%) TeamCity
General
1 244 (23.64%) Finance
2 178 (17.25%) Banking
3 111 (10.76%) Investment Banking
4 74 (7.17%) Front Office
5 48 (4.65%) Marketing
6 34 (3.29%) Retail
7 18 (1.74%) Financial Institution
8 16 (1.55%) Games
9 14 (1.36%) Back Office
9 14 (1.36%) Law
10 13 (1.26%) Legal
11 9 (0.87%) Advertising
12 8 (0.78%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.58%) Manufacturing
13 6 (0.58%) Wholesale Banking
14 4 (0.39%) Electronics
14 4 (0.39%) Publishing
15 3 (0.29%) Billing
16 2 (0.19%) Arabic Language
16 2 (0.19%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 599 (58.04%) Developer
2 229 (22.19%) Java Developer
3 80 (7.75%) Analyst
3 80 (7.75%) Full Stack Developer
4 75 (7.27%) Architect
5 62 (6.01%) Senior Developer
6 55 (5.33%) Python Developer
7 54 (5.23%) Data Engineer
8 42 (4.07%) DevOps Engineer
9 39 (3.78%) Data Analyst
10 38 (3.68%) Angular Developer
10 38 (3.68%) Software Engineer
11 37 (3.59%) C# Developer
12 36 (3.49%) .NET Developer
12 36 (3.49%) Node.js Developer
13 35 (3.39%) Consultant
14 29 (2.81%) AWS Developer
14 29 (2.81%) Integration Developer
15 27 (2.62%) Java Engineer
16 26 (2.52%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 214 (20.74%) HTML
2 212 (20.54%) REST
3 206 (19.96%) Spring
4 159 (15.41%) AngularJS
5 157 (15.21%) CSS
5 157 (15.21%) JSON
5 157 (15.21%) XML
6 148 (14.34%) Web Services
7 128 (12.40%) RESTful
8 122 (11.82%) Node.js
9 101 (9.79%) .NET
10 96 (9.30%) HTML5
11 88 (8.53%) J2EE
12 85 (8.24%) React
13 83 (8.04%) SOAP
14 77 (7.46%) JMS
15 73 (7.07%) Kafka
16 72 (6.98%) Spring Boot
17 63 (6.10%) jQuery
18 56 (5.43%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 132 (12.79%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (6.78%) Data Structures
3 69 (6.69%) Algorithms
4 28 (2.71%) Fintech
5 27 (2.62%) Clustering
5 27 (2.62%) Fixed Income
6 26 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
6 26 (2.52%) Mobile App
6 26 (2.52%) User Experience
7 23 (2.23%) Replication
8 21 (2.03%) Fat Client
8 21 (2.03%) Self-Motivation
8 21 (2.03%) Thin Client
9 18 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
9 18 (1.74%) Virtual Team
10 17 (1.65%) Derivative
11 15 (1.45%) SWIFT
12 14 (1.36%) Cloud Native
12 14 (1.36%) Management Information System
13 13 (1.26%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 225 (21.80%) Linux
2 177 (17.15%) Unix
3 87 (8.43%) Windows
4 32 (3.10%) Mac OS X
5 20 (1.94%) Apple iOS
6 17 (1.65%) Windows Server
7 16 (1.55%) Android
8 12 (1.16%) VMS
9 7 (0.68%) Solaris
10 6 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.39%) AIX
13 2 (0.19%) CentOS
13 2 (0.19%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.19%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.19%) zOS
14 1 (0.097%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.097%) HPUX
14 1 (0.097%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.097%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 563 (54.55%) Agile Software Development
2 250 (24.22%) TDD
3 218 (21.12%) Microservices
4 191 (18.51%) Continuous Integration
5 188 (18.22%) Scrum
6 182 (17.64%) Test Automation
7 170 (16.47%) DevOps
8 150 (14.53%) OO
9 137 (13.28%) Analytics
10 136 (13.18%) ETL
11 135 (13.08%) Data Modelling
11 135 (13.08%) Open Source
12 126 (12.21%) Business Intelligence
13 117 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
14 115 (11.14%) BDD
15 95 (9.21%) SDLC
16 89 (8.62%) Software Engineering
17 88 (8.53%) MVC
18 85 (8.24%) Continuous Delivery
18 85 (8.24%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 486 (47.09%) Java
2 425 (41.18%) SQL
3 246 (23.84%) Python
4 209 (20.25%) JavaScript
5 116 (11.24%) C#
6 87 (8.43%) Java 8
6 87 (8.43%) Scala
7 51 (4.94%) TypeScript
8 45 (4.36%) Perl
9 41 (3.97%) R
9 41 (3.97%) Shell Script
10 34 (3.29%) Ruby
11 33 (3.20%) Bash Shell
12 26 (2.52%) Go
13 25 (2.42%) C++
14 22 (2.13%) PL/SQL
15 21 (2.03%) Groovy
15 21 (2.03%) T-SQL
16 18 (1.74%) PHP
16 18 (1.74%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 102 (9.88%) Degree
2 54 (5.23%) Security Cleared
3 43 (4.17%) SC Cleared
4 25 (2.42%) Numerate Degree
5 24 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.65%) BPSS Clearance
7 16 (1.55%) Sun Certification
8 13 (1.26%) CTC Cleared
9 12 (1.16%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.97%) PhD
11 7 (0.68%) OCPJP
12 5 (0.48%) CFA
12 5 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.48%) PMP
13 4 (0.39%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.39%) ISTQB
13 4 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 3 (0.29%) MCSA
14 3 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
15 2 (0.19%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (5.04%) QA
2 48 (4.65%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.87%) Basel III
4 5 (0.48%) MiFID
4 5 (0.48%) SLA
5 4 (0.39%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.39%) EMIR
6 3 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.29%) IFRS
6 3 (0.29%) IFRS 9
6 3 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.19%) GDPR
7 2 (0.19%) HL7
7 2 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.097%) CRD IV
8 1 (0.097%) Solvency II
System Software
1 105 (10.17%) Docker
2 39 (3.78%) Virtual Machines
3 27 (2.62%) Active Directory
4 13 (1.26%) HDFS
5 8 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.19%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.19%) XenApp
7 2 (0.19%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.097%) Forefront TMG
8 1 (0.097%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 1 (0.097%) RACF
8 1 (0.097%) Time Sharing Option
8 1 (0.097%) VMware Server
8 1 (0.097%) zsh
Systems Management
1 78 (7.56%) Kubernetes
2 71 (6.88%) Ansible
3 40 (3.88%) Puppet
4 38 (3.68%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (2.03%) Terraform
6 18 (1.74%) Control-M
7 11 (1.07%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (0.68%) SCCM
9 5 (0.48%) Kibana
10 4 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.29%) AirWatch
11 3 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.29%) logstash
11 3 (0.29%) Nagios
11 3 (0.29%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 3 (0.29%) Suricata
12 2 (0.19%) Ambari
12 2 (0.19%) Backup Exec
12 2 (0.19%) BladeLogic
12 2 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 247 (23.93%) Oracle
2 126 (12.21%) Microsoft
3 58 (5.62%) Google
4 44 (4.26%) Tableau
5 38 (3.68%) Sybase
6 31 (3.00%) hybris
7 29 (2.81%) Adobe
7 29 (2.81%) SAP
8 25 (2.42%) IBM
9 24 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
10 23 (2.23%) Informatica
11 21 (2.03%) Databricks
12 19 (1.84%) Hortonworks
13 17 (1.65%) Atlassian
14 14 (1.36%) Cloudera
15 12 (1.16%) Cognos
15 12 (1.16%) EXASOL
16 11 (1.07%) MuleSoft
16 11 (1.07%) Murex
17 10 (0.97%) Alteryx