Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 114 137 128
Rank change year-on-year +23 -9 -37
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 850 285 795
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.38% 2.05% 2.17%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.96% 8.12% 8.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 620 216 504
10th Percentile £425 £400 £408
25th Percentile £500 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £700 £668 £625
90th Percentile £763 £700 £675
England median daily rate £550 £511 £500
% change year-on-year +7.58% +2.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 6
10th Percentile £23.84 £51.63 £43.02
25th Percentile £36.00 £52.19 £43.75
Median hourly rate £50.13 £53.75 £48.32
Median % change year-on-year -6.74% +11.25% +7.37%
75th Percentile £60.72 £54.69 £53.13
90th Percentile £66.29 £54.88 £53.75
England median hourly rate £65.50 £55.00 £44.57
% change year-on-year +19.09% +23.42% +4.86%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,538 3,509 9,046
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 23.90% 25.22% 24.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,216 2,516 6,666
10th Percentile £388 £356 £363
25th Percentile £463 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £670 £625 £610
90th Percentile £738 £713 £698
England median daily rate £525 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 20 51
10th Percentile £15.73 £19.70 £15.25
25th Percentile £24.50 £26.81 £20.00
Median hourly rate £33.50 £37.71 £29.96
Median % change year-on-year -11.17% +25.88% -0.13%
75th Percentile £57.31 £41.50 £44.38
90th Percentile £64.85 £53.78 £51.25
England median hourly rate £35.00 £26.48 £30.00
% change year-on-year +32.18% -11.73% +0.84%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -40 54 £600 +4.35% 71
South London +7 10 £533 -27.80% 3
West London -21 9 £530 -13.82% 21
East London -9 3 £275 -21.43% 18
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 480 (56.47%) SQL
2 372 (43.76%) Java
3 361 (42.47%) Agile Software Development
4 305 (35.88%) Social Skills
5 293 (34.47%) Finance
6 266 (31.29%) RDBMS
7 234 (27.53%) Oracle
8 229 (26.94%) Banking
9 219 (25.76%) Python
10 183 (21.53%) Azure
10 183 (21.53%) AWS
11 172 (20.24%) Microservices
11 172 (20.24%) SQL Server
12 163 (19.18%) JavaScript
13 162 (19.06%) Spring
14 159 (18.71%) C#
15 152 (17.88%) NoSQL
16 150 (17.65%) Unix
17 147 (17.29%) PostgreSQL
17 147 (17.29%) TDD
18 146 (17.18%) Investment Banking
19 145 (17.06%) Test Automation
20 144 (16.94%) Front Office
21 143 (16.82%) Analytics
22 140 (16.47%) Git (software)
23 136 (16.00%) Linux
24 131 (15.41%) REST
25 130 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
26 124 (14.59%) .NET
27 121 (14.24%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (10.24%) Apache Spark
2 52 (6.12%) Mule
3 30 (3.53%) Elasticsearch
4 23 (2.71%) Confluence
4 23 (2.71%) Tomcat
5 21 (2.47%) Apache
5 21 (2.47%) Apache Airflow
6 20 (2.35%) JBoss
7 19 (2.24%) Luigi
8 18 (2.12%) Red Hat Fuse
9 15 (1.76%) WebLogic
10 13 (1.53%) Oracle Coherence
11 12 (1.41%) SharePoint
12 10 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 7 (0.82%) CMS
14 5 (0.59%) Apache Pig
14 5 (0.59%) Ethereum
14 5 (0.59%) SAS
15 4 (0.47%) IIS
16 3 (0.35%) Appian
Applications
1 43 (5.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.82%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.24%) SPSS
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.12%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 36 (4.24%) SunGard Martini
2 8 (0.94%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 6 (0.71%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 5 (0.59%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.47%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.47%) Maximo
6 3 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.35%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 3 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.35%) Workfront
7 2 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.12%) Orchestrade
8 1 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.12%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.12%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 183 (21.53%) AWS
1 183 (21.53%) Azure
2 77 (9.06%) GCP
3 68 (8.00%) Power Platform
4 40 (4.71%) Serverless
5 39 (4.59%) Amazon S3
5 39 (4.59%) Azure Data Factory
6 30 (3.53%) GitHub
7 25 (2.94%) PaaS
8 23 (2.71%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 23 (2.71%) IaaS
9 21 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
10 19 (2.24%) OpenShift
11 18 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
11 18 (2.12%) Azure Functions
12 17 (2.00%) SaaS
13 16 (1.88%) Amazon EMR
14 15 (1.76%) Amazon SQS
15 14 (1.65%) npm
16 11 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 34 (4.00%) TCP/IP
2 31 (3.65%) RTMP
3 22 (2.59%) HTTP
4 9 (1.06%) DNS
5 8 (0.94%) VPN
6 7 (0.82%) Internet
7 6 (0.71%) Firewall
7 6 (0.71%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.71%) Network Security
8 3 (0.35%) Intranet
9 2 (0.24%) FTP
9 2 (0.24%) InfiniBand
9 2 (0.24%) Multicast
9 2 (0.24%) SSL
10 1 (0.12%) DHCP
10 1 (0.12%) LAN
10 1 (0.12%) SMTP
10 1 (0.12%) WAN
10 1 (0.12%) Wireless
10 1 (0.12%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 266 (31.29%) RDBMS
2 172 (20.24%) SQL Server
3 152 (17.88%) NoSQL
4 147 (17.29%) PostgreSQL
5 105 (12.35%) Data Warehouse
6 104 (12.24%) Big Data
7 97 (11.41%) Oracle Database
8 95 (11.18%) MySQL
9 77 (9.06%) Hadoop
10 72 (8.47%) Oracle Database 12c
11 67 (7.88%) MongoDB
12 66 (7.76%) Power BI
13 65 (7.65%) Tableau
14 53 (6.24%) Data Lake
15 41 (4.82%) Apache Cassandra
16 35 (4.12%) Apache Hive
17 31 (3.65%) Metadata
18 29 (3.41%) Oracle Database 11g
19 28 (3.29%) BigQuery
19 28 (3.29%) Redis
Development Applications
1 140 (16.47%) Git (software)
2 103 (12.12%) Jenkins
3 100 (11.76%) JIRA
4 96 (11.29%) Subversion
5 65 (7.65%) TeamCity
6 61 (7.18%) Maven
7 48 (5.65%) Bitbucket
8 45 (5.29%) Visual Studio
9 41 (4.82%) Oracle APEX
10 39 (4.59%) JUnit
11 38 (4.47%) Artifactory
12 35 (4.12%) CppUnit
13 29 (3.41%) Robot Framework
14 25 (2.94%) IntelliJ
15 22 (2.59%) Hudson
16 18 (2.12%) jMock
17 17 (2.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 14 (1.65%) Grunt
18 14 (1.65%) Mockito
19 13 (1.53%) gulp
General
1 305 (35.88%) Social Skills
2 293 (34.47%) Finance
3 229 (26.94%) Banking
4 146 (17.18%) Investment Banking
5 144 (16.94%) Front Office
6 98 (11.53%) Analytical Skills
7 48 (5.65%) Presentation Skills
8 20 (2.35%) Marketing
9 19 (2.24%) Back Office
10 16 (1.88%) Public Sector
11 14 (1.65%) Influencing Skills
12 13 (1.53%) Retail
13 11 (1.29%) Retail Banking
14 10 (1.18%) Documentation Skills
15 9 (1.06%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.94%) Electronics
16 8 (0.94%) Legal
16 8 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
16 8 (0.94%) Public Speaking
16 8 (0.94%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 467 (54.94%) Developer
2 168 (19.76%) Java Developer
3 102 (12.00%) Data Engineer
4 80 (9.41%) Senior Developer
5 61 (7.18%) Analyst
6 59 (6.94%) Architect
7 49 (5.76%) Integration Developer
8 39 (4.59%) C++ Developer
9 37 (4.35%) Senior Java Developer
10 36 (4.24%) C# Developer
11 35 (4.12%) Full Stack Developer
12 34 (4.00%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
13 33 (3.88%) JavaScript Developer
13 33 (3.88%) Python Developer
14 30 (3.53%) Front Office Developer
15 27 (3.18%) Software Engineer
16 25 (2.94%) SQL Developer
17 24 (2.82%) Azure Engineer
17 24 (2.82%) HTML Developer
18 23 (2.71%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 162 (19.06%) Spring
2 131 (15.41%) REST
3 124 (14.59%) .NET
4 110 (12.94%) Kafka
5 105 (12.35%) AngularJS
6 103 (12.12%) XML
7 99 (11.65%) React
8 94 (11.06%) HTML
9 90 (10.59%) JSON
10 85 (10.00%) CSS
11 82 (9.65%) Web Services
12 72 (8.47%) RESTful
13 65 (7.65%) Middleware
14 62 (7.29%) HTML5
15 59 (6.94%) Spring Boot
16 58 (6.82%) Apache Camel
17 51 (6.00%) JTA
17 51 (6.00%) JTS
18 50 (5.88%) J2EE
19 47 (5.53%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 58 (6.82%) Data Structures
2 48 (5.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 47 (5.53%) Fixed Income
4 36 (4.24%) Enterprise Software
5 34 (4.00%) Management Information System
6 26 (3.06%) Derivative
7 24 (2.82%) Reference Data
8 22 (2.59%) User Experience
9 21 (2.47%) Client/Server
9 21 (2.47%) Data Protection Act
10 19 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
11 16 (1.88%) Credit Risk
12 15 (1.76%) Cloud Native
12 15 (1.76%) Data Centre
13 12 (1.41%) Algorithms
13 12 (1.41%) Legacy Systems
14 11 (1.29%) Clustering
14 11 (1.29%) Equity Derivative
14 11 (1.29%) Replication
15 10 (1.18%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 150 (17.65%) Unix
2 136 (16.00%) Linux
3 101 (11.88%) Windows
4 18 (2.12%) Windows Server
5 12 (1.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (0.82%) Mac OS X
6 7 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
6 7 (0.82%) Windows Server 2016
7 5 (0.59%) Android
8 4 (0.47%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.35%) VMS
10 2 (0.24%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 361 (42.47%) Agile Software Development
2 172 (20.24%) Microservices
3 147 (17.29%) TDD
4 145 (17.06%) Test Automation
5 143 (16.82%) Analytics
6 130 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
7 121 (14.24%) Scrum
8 116 (13.65%) Business Intelligence
9 108 (12.71%) DevOps
10 107 (12.59%) Continuous Integration
11 100 (11.76%) ETL
12 96 (11.29%) Data Modelling
13 90 (10.59%) OO
14 89 (10.47%) SDLC
15 81 (9.53%) Workflow
16 79 (9.29%) Data Pipeline
17 73 (8.59%) Multithreading
18 70 (8.24%) Software Engineering
19 67 (7.88%) Continuous Improvement
20 63 (7.41%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 480 (56.47%) SQL
2 372 (43.76%) Java
3 219 (25.76%) Python
4 163 (19.18%) JavaScript
5 159 (18.71%) C#
6 73 (8.59%) TypeScript
7 71 (8.35%) C++
8 69 (8.12%) Scala
9 49 (5.76%) PL/SQL
10 48 (5.65%) Java 8
11 40 (4.71%) Shell Script
12 33 (3.88%) Perl
13 27 (3.18%) Kotlin
14 26 (3.06%) T-SQL
15 24 (2.82%) XAML
16 23 (2.71%) PHP
17 22 (2.59%) C
18 19 (2.24%) VBA
19 18 (2.12%) Go
19 18 (2.12%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 72 (8.47%) Degree
2 19 (2.24%) Computer Science Degree
3 14 (1.65%) Security Cleared
4 10 (1.18%) SC Cleared
5 7 (0.82%) OCP
5 7 (0.82%) Oracle Certification
6 6 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.71%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 6 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.35%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.24%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.24%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.24%) PhD
9 1 (0.12%) CCNA
9 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.12%) CISSP
9 1 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.12%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.12%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (3.06%) Data Quality
2 16 (1.88%) QA
3 11 (1.29%) Accessibility
4 8 (0.94%) Dodd-Frank
5 5 (0.59%) GDPR
6 3 (0.35%) Basel II
6 3 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.12%) HL7
System Software
1 107 (12.59%) Docker
2 12 (1.41%) Active Directory
2 12 (1.41%) HDFS
3 7 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.24%) LXC
4 2 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 108 (12.71%) Kubernetes
2 39 (4.59%) Ansible
3 30 (3.53%) Terraform
4 26 (3.06%) BladeLogic
5 14 (1.65%) Oozie
6 13 (1.53%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (1.18%) Data Guard
8 9 (1.06%) ITRS Geneos
9 8 (0.94%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.94%) Istio
9 8 (0.94%) Kibana
9 8 (0.94%) logstash
10 7 (0.82%) Control-M
10 7 (0.82%) Hadoop YARN
10 7 (0.82%) Oracle RMAN
11 6 (0.71%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.47%) Puppet
13 3 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
14 2 (0.24%) EMC NetWorker
14 2 (0.24%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 234 (27.53%) Oracle
2 80 (9.41%) Microsoft
3 45 (5.29%) Google
3 45 (5.29%) Sybase
4 41 (4.82%) Databricks
5 36 (4.24%) FIS
5 36 (4.24%) SunGard
6 27 (3.18%) Salesforce.com
7 25 (2.94%) SAP
8 23 (2.71%) Murex
9 18 (2.12%) Splunk
10 17 (2.00%) TIBCO
11 16 (1.88%) IBM
12 14 (1.65%) Cloudera
13 13 (1.53%) Informatica
14 12 (1.41%) Alteryx
15 11 (1.29%) Cognos
16 10 (1.18%) hybris
16 10 (1.18%) Jaspersoft
16 10 (1.18%) Teradata