Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 135 123 109
Rank change year-on-year -12 -14 +18
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 796 580 428
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.05% 2.17% 2.44%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.00% 9.26% 9.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 574 419 307
10th Percentile £450 £406 £373
25th Percentile £525 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £635 £575 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.43% +9.52% -4.55%
75th Percentile £750 £700 £622
90th Percentile £838 £750 £700
England median daily rate £575 £545 £500
% change year-on-year +5.50% +9.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 6
10th Percentile £22.33 £23.76 £15.97
25th Percentile £25.81 £35.80 £17.00
Median hourly rate £37.13 £56.75 £20.79
Median % change year-on-year -34.58% +173.03% -56.24%
75th Percentile £53.69 £63.81 £21.12
90th Percentile £60.33 £67.53 £21.33
England median hourly rate £47.50 £56.75 £20.79
% change year-on-year -16.30% +173.03% -54.85%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 7,960 6,265 4,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 20.47% 23.43% 25.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,844 4,449 3,208
10th Percentile £406 £381 £363
25th Percentile £495 £450 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.82% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £700 £641 £625
90th Percentile £788 £719 £713
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +9.95% +0.05% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 32 27
10th Percentile £26.25 £8.60 £15.97
25th Percentile £34.75 £16.19 £20.24
Median hourly rate £55.00 £24.73 £27.00
Median % change year-on-year +122.45% -8.43% +10.20%
75th Percentile £71.56 £38.81 £40.38
90th Percentile £75.59 £57.80 £50.40
England median hourly rate £37.65 £24.50 £24.70
% change year-on-year +53.67% -0.81% -22.81%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +15 93 £575 -4.17% 56
South London -15 4 £375 -26.83% 2
West London -14 2 £462 -16.80% 11
East London -7 1 £750 - 16
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 388 (48.74%) SQL
2 336 (42.21%) Agile
3 311 (39.07%) Finance
4 287 (36.06%) Java
5 252 (31.66%) Social Skills
6 246 (30.90%) Oracle
7 236 (29.65%) RDBMS
8 212 (26.63%) Banking
9 204 (25.63%) AWS
10 183 (22.99%) Python
11 178 (22.36%) JavaScript
12 173 (21.73%) DevOps
13 153 (19.22%) Azure
14 152 (19.10%) Investment Banking
15 151 (18.97%) C#
16 146 (18.34%) MySQL
17 145 (18.22%) SQL Server
18 144 (18.09%) Microservices
19 141 (17.71%) Spring
20 140 (17.59%) TDD
21 137 (17.21%) CI/CD
22 136 (17.09%) REST
23 130 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
24 129 (16.21%) NoSQL
25 127 (15.95%) Test Automation
26 124 (15.58%) Linux
27 122 (15.33%) PostgreSQL
27 122 (15.33%) React
28 120 (15.08%) Git (software)
29 118 (14.82%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (4.65%) Apache Spark
2 34 (4.27%) Mule
2 34 (4.27%) Red Hat Fuse
3 33 (4.15%) Elasticsearch
4 23 (2.89%) Oracle Coherence
5 20 (2.51%) JBoss
5 20 (2.51%) Tomcat
6 15 (1.88%) Confluence
7 10 (1.26%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 7 (0.88%) Apache
9 7 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
9 7 (0.88%) Jetty
10 6 (0.75%) SAS
10 6 (0.75%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.63%) nginx
12 4 (0.50%) Apache Airflow
12 4 (0.50%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.50%) Oracle Workflow
12 4 (0.50%) WildFly
Applications
1 20 (2.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (2.14%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.75%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.38%) SPSS
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (2.01%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 9 (1.13%) Oracle Utilities
3 7 (0.88%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.88%) SunGard Martini
4 6 (0.75%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.63%) MoSes
5 5 (0.63%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.63%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.38%) Magento
6 3 (0.38%) Maximo
6 3 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.38%) Oracle Cash Management
6 3 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.38%) Oracle FAH
7 2 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.25%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 2 (0.25%) Misys Midas
7 2 (0.25%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 2 (0.25%) RMDS
8 1 (0.13%) Avolution ABACUS
Cloud Services
1 204 (25.63%) AWS
2 153 (19.22%) Azure
3 62 (7.79%) Serverless
4 56 (7.04%) GCP
5 52 (6.53%) GitHub
6 35 (4.40%) AWS Lambda
7 34 (4.27%) Power Platform
8 28 (3.52%) Amazon S3
9 25 (3.14%) GitHub Actions
10 24 (3.02%) PaaS
11 23 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
12 20 (2.51%) Azure Data Factory
12 20 (2.51%) IaaS
12 20 (2.51%) npm
12 20 (2.51%) SaaS
12 20 (2.51%) Snowflake
13 18 (2.26%) Azure Functions
14 16 (2.01%) Amazon SQS
15 15 (1.88%) AWS CloudFormation
16 14 (1.76%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 27 (3.39%) TCP/IP
2 25 (3.14%) RTMP
3 19 (2.39%) DSL
3 19 (2.39%) Network Security
4 18 (2.26%) Internet
5 11 (1.38%) HTTP
6 9 (1.13%) Firewall
6 9 (1.13%) Multicast
7 6 (0.75%) DNS
8 5 (0.63%) SSL
9 3 (0.38%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.38%) POP3
9 3 (0.38%) SMTP
9 3 (0.38%) VPN
9 3 (0.38%) Wireless
10 2 (0.25%) FTP
10 2 (0.25%) LAN
10 2 (0.25%) WAN
11 1 (0.13%) Cisco ISE
11 1 (0.13%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 236 (29.65%) RDBMS
2 146 (18.34%) MySQL
3 145 (18.22%) SQL Server
4 129 (16.21%) NoSQL
5 122 (15.33%) PostgreSQL
6 91 (11.43%) Oracle Database
7 87 (10.93%) Data Warehouse
8 72 (9.05%) Oracle Database 12c
9 67 (8.42%) Data Lake
10 64 (8.04%) Big Data
11 62 (7.79%) MongoDB
12 42 (5.28%) Oracle Database 11g
13 31 (3.89%) Redis
14 30 (3.77%) Metadata
14 30 (3.77%) Power BI
15 25 (3.14%) DB2
16 23 (2.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 22 (2.76%) Hadoop
17 22 (2.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 21 (2.64%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 120 (15.08%) Git (software)
2 107 (13.44%) Jenkins
3 78 (9.80%) JIRA
4 61 (7.66%) Visual Studio
5 53 (6.66%) TeamCity
6 49 (6.16%) JUnit
7 42 (5.28%) Bitbucket
8 37 (4.65%) Gradle
9 35 (4.40%) Subversion
10 33 (4.15%) Cypress.io
11 26 (3.27%) ERwin
12 25 (3.14%) GitLab
12 25 (3.14%) SonarQube
13 23 (2.89%) IntelliJ
14 21 (2.64%) Mockito
15 19 (2.39%) Oracle APEX
16 18 (2.26%) jMock
17 17 (2.14%) Maven
18 16 (2.01%) Artifactory
19 13 (1.63%) Selenium
General
1 311 (39.07%) Finance
2 252 (31.66%) Social Skills
3 212 (26.63%) Banking
4 152 (19.10%) Investment Banking
5 111 (13.94%) Front Office
6 89 (11.18%) Analytical Skills
7 28 (3.52%) Legal
8 27 (3.39%) Back Office
9 25 (3.14%) Public Sector
10 20 (2.51%) Financial Institution
11 19 (2.39%) Presentation Skills
12 13 (1.63%) Retail
13 11 (1.38%) Telecoms
14 10 (1.26%) Marketing
15 9 (1.13%) Organisational Skills
16 6 (0.75%) Influencing Skills
17 5 (0.63%) Publishing
18 4 (0.50%) Advertising
18 4 (0.50%) Law
18 4 (0.50%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 411 (51.63%) Developer
2 157 (19.72%) Java Developer
3 66 (8.29%) Senior Developer
4 65 (8.17%) Architect
5 52 (6.53%) Data Engineer
6 51 (6.41%) Analyst
7 48 (6.03%) Full Stack Developer
7 48 (6.03%) React Developer
8 45 (5.65%) C# Developer
9 36 (4.52%) Integration Developer
10 34 (4.27%) C++ Developer
10 34 (4.27%) Senior Java Developer
11 30 (3.77%) Business Analyst
11 30 (3.77%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
12 29 (3.64%) JavaScript Developer
13 28 (3.52%) Data Modeller
14 27 (3.39%) UI Developer
15 24 (3.02%) Python Developer
16 22 (2.76%) Solutions Architect
17 21 (2.64%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (17.71%) Spring
2 136 (17.09%) REST
3 122 (15.33%) React
4 113 (14.20%) CSS
5 102 (12.81%) .NET
6 101 (12.69%) Kafka
7 95 (11.93%) HTML
8 94 (11.81%) JSON
9 76 (9.55%) J2EE
10 75 (9.42%) XML
11 67 (8.42%) Web Services
12 66 (8.29%) Spring Boot
13 63 (7.91%) AngularJS
14 61 (7.66%) Redux
15 55 (6.91%) Middleware
15 55 (6.91%) Node.js
16 51 (6.41%) Apache Camel
17 50 (6.28%) .NET Framework
18 47 (5.90%) Reactive Extensions
19 42 (5.28%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 57 (7.16%) User Experience
2 44 (5.53%) Data Structures
3 33 (4.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 32 (4.02%) Clustering
4 32 (4.02%) Enterprise Software
4 32 (4.02%) Public Cloud
5 26 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (3.14%) Cloud Native
6 25 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
7 22 (2.76%) Fixed Income
8 21 (2.64%) Algorithms
8 21 (2.64%) Hedge funds
8 21 (2.64%) Management Information System
8 21 (2.64%) Virtual Team
9 20 (2.51%) Reference Data
10 12 (1.51%) Reinsurance
11 11 (1.38%) Data Centre
11 11 (1.38%) Derivative
12 10 (1.26%) Credit Risk
13 8 (1.01%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 124 (15.58%) Linux
2 102 (12.81%) Unix
3 70 (8.79%) Windows
4 12 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (1.13%) Windows Server
6 8 (1.01%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (0.25%) Solaris
9 1 (0.13%) Android
9 1 (0.13%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.13%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 336 (42.21%) Agile
2 173 (21.73%) DevOps
3 144 (18.09%) Microservices
4 140 (17.59%) TDD
5 137 (17.21%) CI/CD
6 130 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
7 127 (15.95%) Test Automation
8 118 (14.82%) Scrum
9 112 (14.07%) Problem-Solving
10 108 (13.57%) Analytics
11 102 (12.81%) SDLC
12 95 (11.93%) Data Modelling
13 89 (11.18%) Software Engineering
14 87 (10.93%) Full Stack Development
15 79 (9.92%) OO
16 70 (8.79%) Business Intelligence
16 70 (8.79%) Migration
17 68 (8.54%) ETL
17 68 (8.54%) Performance Tuning
18 60 (7.54%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 388 (48.74%) SQL
2 287 (36.06%) Java
3 183 (22.99%) Python
4 178 (22.36%) JavaScript
5 151 (18.97%) C#
6 98 (12.31%) TypeScript
7 67 (8.42%) C++
8 51 (6.41%) PL/SQL
9 40 (5.03%) PowerShell
9 40 (5.03%) Shell Script
10 25 (3.14%) XAML
11 24 (3.02%) Groovy
12 23 (2.89%) Go
13 22 (2.76%) C
13 22 (2.76%) R
14 20 (2.51%) PHP
15 17 (2.14%) Ruby
16 15 (1.88%) Perl
16 15 (1.88%) Scala
17 14 (1.76%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 55 (6.91%) Degree
2 36 (4.52%) Security Cleared
3 35 (4.40%) SC Cleared
4 22 (2.76%) Numerate Degree
5 17 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (1.51%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.50%) Oracle Certification
7 4 (0.50%) PMP
8 3 (0.38%) PhD
8 3 (0.38%) Tableau Certification
9 2 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.25%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.25%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.25%) MBA
10 1 (0.13%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.13%) ISEB
10 1 (0.13%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (6.16%) QA
2 22 (2.76%) GDPR
3 15 (1.88%) Accessibility
4 13 (1.63%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.50%) CRD IV
5 4 (0.50%) SLA
6 2 (0.25%) Actionable Recommendations
6 2 (0.25%) Basel III
6 2 (0.25%) COREP
6 2 (0.25%) FINREP
6 2 (0.25%) IFRS
6 2 (0.25%) IFRS 9
6 2 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.13%) EMIR
7 1 (0.13%) HL7
7 1 (0.13%) LOINC
7 1 (0.13%) MiFID
7 1 (0.13%) PMO
7 1 (0.13%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 74 (9.30%) Docker
2 13 (1.63%) Oracle RAC
3 12 (1.51%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (1.13%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.38%) HDFS
7 2 (0.25%) Postfix
7 2 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 89 (11.18%) Kubernetes
2 54 (6.78%) Ansible
3 49 (6.16%) Terraform
4 28 (3.52%) ITRS Geneos
5 21 (2.64%) Puppet
6 14 (1.76%) Data Guard
7 12 (1.51%) BladeLogic
7 12 (1.51%) Opscode Chef
8 11 (1.38%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 10 (1.26%) Kibana
10 8 (1.01%) Oracle RMAN
11 5 (0.63%) Istio
11 5 (0.63%) Opsgenie
11 5 (0.63%) Oracle Flashback
11 5 (0.63%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.50%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 4 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.38%) Grafana
13 3 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.38%) Oozie
Vendors
1 246 (30.90%) Oracle
2 115 (14.45%) Microsoft
3 40 (5.03%) IBM
4 34 (4.27%) Sybase
5 27 (3.39%) Google
6 26 (3.27%) Databricks
7 16 (2.01%) Sparx
7 16 (2.01%) Teradata
8 14 (1.76%) TIBCO
9 13 (1.63%) SAP
9 13 (1.63%) ServiceNow
10 9 (1.13%) ESRI
10 9 (1.13%) MuleSoft
11 7 (0.88%) FIS
11 7 (0.88%) New Relic
11 7 (0.88%) SunGard
11 7 (0.88%) Workday
12 6 (0.75%) Informatica
12 6 (0.75%) Red Hat
12 6 (0.75%) Splunk