Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 113 114 108
Rank change year-on-year +1 -6 -12
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 493 558 1,053
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.29% 2.29% 2.47%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.69% 9.47% 9.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 353 384 729
10th Percentile £400 £366 £375
25th Percentile £463 £447 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £546
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -3.85% -0.73%
75th Percentile £700 £610 £619
90th Percentile " £675 £700
England median daily rate £525 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 3
Median hourly rate £55.00 £37.00 £19.19
Median % change year-on-year +48.65% +92.86% -66.04%
England median hourly rate £55.00 £29.96 £24.98
% change year-on-year +83.56% +19.95% -39.81%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 5,086 5,893 10,566
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 23.59% 24.17% 24.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,612 4,285 7,793
10th Percentile £363 £363 £363
25th Percentile £428 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £625 £606
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £488 £488
% change year-on-year +2.56% - +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 25 41
10th Percentile £20.00 £16.62 £20.00
25th Percentile £24.75 £22.50 £21.00
Median hourly rate £35.50 £27.50 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year +29.09% +12.24% -9.79%
75th Percentile £58.75 £48.63 £37.50
90th Percentile £68.00 £73.20 £56.50
England median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -4.00% -28.57% +16.67%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +25 53 £625 +25.00% 61
South London +16 2 £513 -10.87% 3
West London +8 2 £350 -14.63% 11
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 221 (44.83%) SQL
2 203 (41.18%) Java
3 186 (37.73%) Agile Software Development
4 177 (35.90%) Finance
5 145 (29.41%) RDBMS
6 130 (26.37%) Banking
6 130 (26.37%) Spring
7 125 (25.35%) Linux
8 122 (24.75%) Python
8 122 (24.75%) SQL Server
9 117 (23.73%) Oracle
10 105 (21.30%) Unix
11 92 (18.66%) Docker
12 91 (18.46%) AWS
13 88 (17.85%) Data Modelling
13 88 (17.85%) Kubernetes
14 83 (16.84%) Apache Camel
15 82 (16.63%) REST
15 82 (16.63%) Middleware
16 81 (16.43%) JavaScript
16 81 (16.43%) Analytical Skills
17 79 (16.02%) Microservices
18 78 (15.82%) Data Warehouse
19 76 (15.42%) Azure
20 75 (15.21%) Business Intelligence
21 71 (14.40%) NoSQL
22 70 (14.20%) Continuous Integration
23 69 (14.00%) Analytics
23 69 (14.00%) Jenkins
24 65 (13.18%) OO

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (12.58%) Mule
2 32 (6.49%) Red Hat Fuse
3 31 (6.29%) Apache
4 30 (6.09%) Apache Spark
5 22 (4.46%) JBoss
6 18 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (3.04%) Confluence
8 14 (2.84%) Jupyter
9 8 (1.62%) Tomcat
10 6 (1.22%) CMS
11 5 (1.01%) Oracle Coherence
12 4 (0.81%) GlassFish
12 4 (0.81%) SAS
12 4 (0.81%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.61%) Ethereum
13 3 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.61%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
14 2 (0.41%) IIS
Applications
1 25 (5.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.22%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.20%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (1.62%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (1.22%) SunGard Martini
3 3 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.41%) Maximo
4 2 (0.41%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.20%) Endur
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.20%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 91 (18.46%) AWS
2 76 (15.42%) Azure
3 38 (7.71%) Power Platform
4 27 (5.48%) GCP
5 17 (3.45%) AWS CloudFormation
6 16 (3.25%) OpenShift
7 14 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
8 13 (2.64%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 13 (2.64%) Amazon Kinesis
8 13 (2.64%) Amazon S3
8 13 (2.64%) IaaS
9 12 (2.43%) Amazon ECS
9 12 (2.43%) PaaS
10 11 (2.23%) PowerApps
11 10 (2.03%) SaaS
12 9 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
12 9 (1.83%) GitHub
12 9 (1.83%) Logic Apps
13 8 (1.62%) Serverless
14 7 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 22 (4.46%) HTTP
2 7 (1.42%) TCP/IP
3 6 (1.22%) RTMP
4 4 (0.81%) DNS
4 4 (0.81%) Firewall
4 4 (0.81%) SSL
5 3 (0.61%) IPFS
5 3 (0.61%) Network Security
5 3 (0.61%) VPN
6 2 (0.41%) SMS
7 1 (0.20%) DMZ
7 1 (0.20%) FTP
7 1 (0.20%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.20%) Internet
7 1 (0.20%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.20%) LAN
7 1 (0.20%) SMTP
7 1 (0.20%) VoIP
7 1 (0.20%) WAN
7 1 (0.20%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (29.41%) RDBMS
2 122 (24.75%) SQL Server
3 78 (15.82%) Data Warehouse
4 71 (14.40%) NoSQL
5 61 (12.37%) PostgreSQL
6 51 (10.34%) MySQL
7 49 (9.94%) Big Data
8 40 (8.11%) MongoDB
8 40 (8.11%) Tableau
9 29 (5.88%) Power BI
10 27 (5.48%) Hadoop
11 25 (5.07%) Oracle Database
12 23 (4.67%) Amazon Redshift
13 18 (3.65%) Data Lake
14 17 (3.45%) Amazon RDS
14 17 (3.45%) Cosmos DB
15 16 (3.25%) Oracle Database 12c
16 15 (3.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 14 (2.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 12 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 69 (14.00%) Jenkins
2 54 (10.95%) JIRA
3 52 (10.55%) Git (software)
4 33 (6.69%) Subversion
5 22 (4.46%) JUnit
5 22 (4.46%) Maven
6 19 (3.85%) TeamCity
7 13 (2.64%) Cucumber
7 13 (2.64%) jMock
7 13 (2.64%) Visual Studio
8 11 (2.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 10 (2.03%) FishEye
9 10 (2.03%) Gradle
9 10 (2.03%) Hudson
9 10 (2.03%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 8 (1.62%) Artifactory
11 7 (1.42%) Oracle APEX
12 6 (1.22%) Ant
12 6 (1.22%) CppUnit
13 5 (1.01%) CircleCI
General
1 177 (35.90%) Finance
2 130 (26.37%) Banking
3 62 (12.58%) Front Office
4 35 (7.10%) Investment Banking
5 29 (5.88%) Marketing
5 29 (5.88%) Public Sector
6 14 (2.84%) Law
7 11 (2.23%) Electronics
7 11 (2.23%) Manufacturing
8 10 (2.03%) Telecoms
9 8 (1.62%) Retail
10 7 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
11 5 (1.01%) Games
11 5 (1.01%) Publishing
12 4 (0.81%) Back Office
12 4 (0.81%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.61%) Automotive
14 2 (0.41%) Advertising
14 2 (0.41%) Police
15 1 (0.20%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 243 (49.29%) Developer
2 113 (22.92%) Java Developer
3 66 (13.39%) Architect
4 48 (9.74%) Integration Developer
5 46 (9.33%) Data Engineer
6 45 (9.13%) Analyst
7 38 (7.71%) Senior Developer
8 32 (6.49%) Data Architect
9 25 (5.07%) Data Analyst
10 23 (4.67%) SQL Developer
11 22 (4.46%) C# Developer
12 21 (4.26%) Senior Java Developer
13 20 (4.06%) Solutions Architect
14 17 (3.45%) Software Engineer
15 16 (3.25%) Full Stack Developer
16 15 (3.04%) Python Developer
16 15 (3.04%) Ruby Developer
17 14 (2.84%) AWS Engineer
18 13 (2.64%) Java Middleware Developer
18 13 (2.64%) Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 130 (26.37%) Spring
2 83 (16.84%) Apache Camel
3 82 (16.63%) Middleware
3 82 (16.63%) REST
4 62 (12.58%) HTML
5 59 (11.97%) Spring Integration
6 56 (11.36%) JSON
6 56 (11.36%) XML
7 51 (10.34%) Hibernate
8 49 (9.94%) JMS
9 48 (9.74%) .NET
10 42 (8.52%) Kafka
11 40 (8.11%) HTML5
12 39 (7.91%) AngularJS
13 38 (7.71%) Web Services
14 33 (6.69%) JDBC
15 31 (6.29%) RESTful
16 30 (6.09%) NumPy
17 27 (5.48%) CSS
18 25 (5.07%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 81 (16.43%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (7.71%) Enterprise Software
3 32 (6.49%) Clustering
4 26 (5.27%) Fixed Income
5 25 (5.07%) Data Structures
6 20 (4.06%) Management Information System
7 18 (3.65%) Reference Data
8 16 (3.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 14 (2.84%) Self-Motivation
10 13 (2.64%) Credit Risk
11 11 (2.23%) Client/Server
11 11 (2.23%) Equities
11 11 (2.23%) User Experience
12 8 (1.62%) FMCG
12 8 (1.62%) Greenfield Project
12 8 (1.62%) Public Cloud
13 7 (1.42%) Reinsurance
14 6 (1.22%) PlayStation
15 5 (1.01%) CMDB
16 4 (0.81%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 125 (25.35%) Linux
2 105 (21.30%) Unix
3 26 (5.27%) Windows
4 15 (3.04%) Mac OS X
5 3 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.41%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.20%) Solaris
7 1 (0.20%) VMS
7 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 186 (37.73%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (17.85%) Data Modelling
3 79 (16.02%) Microservices
4 75 (15.21%) Business Intelligence
5 70 (14.20%) Continuous Integration
6 69 (14.00%) Analytics
7 65 (13.18%) OO
8 62 (12.58%) Performance Tuning
9 58 (11.76%) ETL
10 57 (11.56%) TDD
11 56 (11.36%) Test Automation
12 53 (10.75%) DevOps
12 53 (10.75%) Scrum
13 51 (10.34%) Migration
14 47 (9.53%) Problem-Solving
15 45 (9.13%) Software Engineering
16 44 (8.92%) Data Science
17 41 (8.32%) High Availability
17 41 (8.32%) Web Development
18 37 (7.51%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 221 (44.83%) SQL
2 203 (41.18%) Java
3 122 (24.75%) Python
4 81 (16.43%) JavaScript
5 47 (9.53%) C#
6 39 (7.91%) Java 8
7 22 (4.46%) PL/SQL
8 17 (3.45%) R
8 17 (3.45%) Ruby
8 17 (3.45%) Scala
9 14 (2.84%) C++
10 13 (2.64%) Go
11 12 (2.43%) Perl
11 12 (2.43%) VBA
12 11 (2.23%) Shell Script
13 9 (1.83%) PHP
13 9 (1.83%) VB
14 8 (1.62%) SPARQL
14 8 (1.62%) T-SQL
14 8 (1.62%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 41 (8.32%) Degree
2 24 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 19 (3.85%) SC Cleared
4 18 (3.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (2.23%) Master's Degree
6 8 (1.62%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.41%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.20%) CISM
8 1 (0.20%) CISSP
8 1 (0.20%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.20%) GIAC
8 1 (0.20%) MBA
8 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.20%) OCP
8 1 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.20%) PhD
8 1 (0.20%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.85%) QA
2 12 (2.43%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.01%) MiFID
4 4 (0.81%) Dublin Core
5 2 (0.41%) GDPR
6 1 (0.20%) GRC
6 1 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 92 (18.66%) Docker
2 8 (1.62%) HDFS
3 5 (1.01%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.41%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.20%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 88 (17.85%) Kubernetes
2 14 (2.84%) Ansible
3 10 (2.03%) Terraform
4 6 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (0.81%) Kibana
5 4 (0.81%) Puppet
6 3 (0.61%) Istio
7 2 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
7 2 (0.41%) PingFederate
7 2 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.20%) Cisco CUCM
8 1 (0.20%) Control-M
8 1 (0.20%) Data Guard
8 1 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
8 1 (0.20%) Oracle ZFS
8 1 (0.20%) Perfmon
8 1 (0.20%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.20%) Rancher
8 1 (0.20%) Salt
Vendors
1 117 (23.73%) Oracle
2 45 (9.13%) Microsoft
3 22 (4.46%) Sybase
4 17 (3.45%) Salesforce.com
5 16 (3.25%) Google
5 16 (3.25%) SAP
6 15 (3.04%) Dataiku
7 14 (2.84%) Alteryx
8 12 (2.43%) Murex
8 12 (2.43%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 11 (2.23%) Atlassian
10 10 (2.03%) Databricks
10 10 (2.03%) IBM
11 8 (1.62%) Adobe
11 8 (1.62%) Sparx
11 8 (1.62%) Talend
12 6 (1.22%) Cloudera
12 6 (1.22%) FIS
12 6 (1.22%) SunGard
13 5 (1.01%) Splunk