Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 89 103 127
Rank change year-on-year +14 +24 -10
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,330 1,179 940
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.84% 2.50% 2.13%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.66% 10.58% 9.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 887 820 660
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +2.56%
10th Percentile £375 £380 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 3
London median hourly rate £45.00 £26.24 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +71.48% -19.25% -
10th Percentile £21.10 £23.40 £31.25
90th Percentile £53.50 £29.59 £52.75
England median hourly rate £24.98 £35.00 £39.50
% change year-on-year -28.63% -11.39% -1.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 11,408 11,148 10,413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 24.38% 23.61% 23.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,499 8,321 7,349
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £353 £325
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 64 42
London median hourly rate £27.50 £26.97 £32.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.97% -16.38% +43.33%
10th Percentile £18.96 £18.08 £15.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £58.75 £65.00
England median hourly rate £32.24 £32.75 £28.00
% change year-on-year -1.56% +16.96% +1.82%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -28 229 £550 -4.35% 64
South London +33 106 £550 - 9
West London +39 65 £425 +0.59% 55
East London -32 32 £525 -16.00% 21
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 719 (54.06%) Java
2 711 (53.46%) Agile Software Development
3 501 (37.67%) SQL
4 497 (37.37%) RDBMS
5 418 (31.43%) Git (software)
6 312 (23.46%) Unix
7 308 (23.16%) Oracle
8 306 (23.01%) SQL Server
9 304 (22.86%) Spring
10 303 (22.78%) Python
11 299 (22.48%) JavaScript
12 292 (21.95%) Finance
13 280 (21.05%) REST
14 272 (20.45%) Microservices
15 264 (19.85%) TDD
16 262 (19.70%) HTML
16 262 (19.70%) Test Automation
17 257 (19.32%) Linux
18 255 (19.17%) OO
19 244 (18.35%) NoSQL
20 230 (17.29%) MySQL
21 222 (16.69%) Scrum
22 221 (16.62%) CSS
23 212 (15.94%) Amazon AWS
24 211 (15.86%) Banking
25 200 (15.04%) RESTful
26 199 (14.96%) Docker
27 196 (14.74%) Continuous Integration
28 194 (14.59%) DevOps
29 193 (14.51%) Java 8

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (9.40%) Confluence
2 103 (7.74%) Apache Spark
3 64 (4.81%) Apache
4 63 (4.74%) WildFly
5 54 (4.06%) WebSphere
6 53 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
7 45 (3.38%) Mule
8 36 (2.71%) CMS
9 29 (2.18%) Apache Solr
10 28 (2.11%) JBoss
11 20 (1.50%) IIS
12 18 (1.35%) Commerce Server
13 17 (1.28%) SharePoint
14 16 (1.20%) WebLogic
15 15 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 14 (1.05%) Jetty
17 13 (0.98%) GlassFish
17 13 (0.98%) Oracle Workflow
18 12 (0.90%) Apache Pig
18 12 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 80 (6.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.50%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.15%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.075%) GIMP
7 1 (0.075%) HipChat
7 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.075%) SPSS
7 1 (0.075%) Stata
Business Applications
1 13 (0.98%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.45%) Endur
2 6 (0.45%) Teamcenter
3 5 (0.38%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.38%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.30%) Bloomberg AIM
4 4 (0.30%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.30%) Loan IQ
4 4 (0.30%) Markit EDM
5 3 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.23%) Elite 3E
5 3 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.23%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle TCA
Cloud Services
1 212 (15.94%) Amazon AWS
2 138 (10.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 48 (3.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 46 (3.46%) Serverless
5 44 (3.31%) AWS Lambda
6 42 (3.16%) Amazon EMR
7 37 (2.78%) Amazon S3
8 30 (2.26%) PaaS
9 29 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (1.73%) OpenShift
11 18 (1.35%) GitHub
12 13 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
12 13 (0.98%) IaaS
12 13 (0.98%) npm
12 13 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 12 (0.90%) Amazon Glacier
13 12 (0.90%) SaaS
14 11 (0.83%) Datadog
15 10 (0.75%) Data Lake Analytics
16 8 (0.60%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 94 (7.07%) HTTP
2 30 (2.26%) TCP/IP
3 25 (1.88%) DNS
4 23 (1.73%) FTP
4 23 (1.73%) SSL
5 22 (1.65%) Internet
6 18 (1.35%) DHCP
7 17 (1.28%) IPsec
8 11 (0.83%) VPN
9 10 (0.75%) AMQP
10 8 (0.60%) Firewall
10 8 (0.60%) SMTP
11 5 (0.38%) Kerberos
11 5 (0.38%) WAN
12 2 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
12 2 (0.15%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.15%) Intranet
12 2 (0.15%) LAN
12 2 (0.15%) SAN
12 2 (0.15%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 497 (37.37%) RDBMS
2 306 (23.01%) SQL Server
3 244 (18.35%) NoSQL
4 230 (17.29%) MySQL
5 180 (13.53%) MongoDB
6 134 (10.08%) PostgreSQL
7 114 (8.57%) Big Data
8 113 (8.50%) Data Warehouse
9 112 (8.42%) Hadoop
10 68 (5.11%) Power BI
11 63 (4.74%) Apache Cassandra
12 62 (4.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 60 (4.51%) Apache Hive
14 56 (4.21%) Oracle Database
15 39 (2.93%) HBase
16 36 (2.71%) OLTP
17 35 (2.63%) Data Lake
17 35 (2.63%) Redis
18 34 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
18 34 (2.56%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 418 (31.43%) Git (software)
2 190 (14.29%) Jenkins
3 175 (13.16%) Maven
4 155 (11.65%) JIRA
5 134 (10.08%) JUnit
6 115 (8.65%) Subversion
7 96 (7.22%) SonarQube
8 95 (7.14%) Mockito
9 67 (5.04%) Checkstyle
10 65 (4.89%) Liquibase
11 64 (4.81%) Selenium
12 63 (4.74%) Vagrant
13 44 (3.31%) Hudson
14 40 (3.01%) Cucumber
15 38 (2.86%) Gatling
16 34 (2.56%) Visual Studio Team System
17 31 (2.33%) Mocha
18 30 (2.26%) TeamCity
19 25 (1.88%) Gradle
19 25 (1.88%) NUnit
General
1 292 (21.95%) Finance
2 211 (15.86%) Banking
3 153 (11.50%) Investment Banking
4 142 (10.68%) Front Office
5 119 (8.95%) Retail
6 28 (2.11%) Publishing
7 26 (1.95%) Marketing
8 22 (1.65%) Advertising
9 20 (1.50%) Financial Institution
10 14 (1.05%) Legal
11 9 (0.68%) Games
12 7 (0.53%) Back Office
12 7 (0.53%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.38%) Law
15 4 (0.30%) Automotive
16 3 (0.23%) Billing
16 3 (0.23%) General Ledger
16 3 (0.23%) Manufacturing
16 3 (0.23%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 815 (61.28%) Developer
2 378 (28.42%) Java Developer
3 93 (6.99%) Full Stack Developer
4 88 (6.62%) Architect
5 87 (6.54%) Senior Developer
6 86 (6.47%) Analyst
7 65 (4.89%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 55 (4.14%) Data Engineer
8 55 (4.14%) Software Engineer
9 48 (3.61%) Node.js Developer
10 47 (3.53%) Python Developer
11 45 (3.38%) Angular Developer
12 43 (3.23%) DevOps Engineer
13 40 (3.01%) Lead Developer
14 36 (2.71%) Senior Java Developer
15 35 (2.63%) .NET Developer
15 35 (2.63%) Front Office Developer
16 33 (2.48%) Integration Developer
17 32 (2.41%) Java Engineer
18 30 (2.26%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (22.86%) Spring
2 280 (21.05%) REST
3 262 (19.70%) HTML
4 221 (16.62%) CSS
5 200 (15.04%) RESTful
6 192 (14.44%) AngularJS
7 170 (12.78%) Node.js
8 163 (12.26%) XML
9 155 (11.65%) Web Services
10 151 (11.35%) Hibernate
11 145 (10.90%) JSON
12 128 (9.62%) JMS
13 120 (9.02%) React
14 117 (8.80%) Spring Boot
15 115 (8.65%) HTML5
16 109 (8.20%) .NET
17 103 (7.74%) Java EE
18 94 (7.07%) J2EE
19 93 (6.99%) CSS3
20 89 (6.69%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 158 (11.88%) Analytical Skills
2 83 (6.24%) Fixed Income
3 78 (5.86%) Linux Command Line
4 63 (4.74%) Derivative
5 60 (4.51%) Algorithms
6 41 (3.08%) Data Structures
7 37 (2.78%) Fintech
8 30 (2.26%) Equity Derivative
9 28 (2.11%) Greenfield Project
10 26 (1.95%) Equities
11 25 (1.88%) Clustering
11 25 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
12 24 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
13 22 (1.65%) Interest Rate Derivative
13 22 (1.65%) Management Information System
14 21 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 21 (1.58%) User Experience
15 19 (1.43%) Fat Client
15 19 (1.43%) Thin Client
15 19 (1.43%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 312 (23.46%) Unix
2 257 (19.32%) Linux
3 93 (6.99%) Windows
4 63 (4.74%) VMS
5 35 (2.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 29 (2.18%) Apple iOS
7 19 (1.43%) Mac OS X
7 19 (1.43%) Windows Server
8 13 (0.98%) Android
8 13 (0.98%) Windows Server 2012
9 5 (0.38%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.15%) AIX
11 2 (0.15%) CentOS
11 2 (0.15%) Solaris
11 2 (0.15%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.075%) FreeBSD
12 1 (0.075%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.075%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 711 (53.46%) Agile Software Development
2 272 (20.45%) Microservices
3 264 (19.85%) TDD
4 262 (19.70%) Test Automation
5 255 (19.17%) OO
6 222 (16.69%) Scrum
7 196 (14.74%) Continuous Integration
8 194 (14.59%) DevOps
9 166 (12.48%) SDLC
10 158 (11.88%) Analytics
11 150 (11.28%) BDD
11 150 (11.28%) Open Source
12 142 (10.68%) Data Modelling
13 133 (10.00%) Business Intelligence
13 133 (10.00%) Problem-Solving
14 117 (8.80%) ETL
15 115 (8.65%) MVC
16 113 (8.50%) Software Engineering
17 106 (7.97%) OOP
18 96 (7.22%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 719 (54.06%) Java
2 501 (37.67%) SQL
3 303 (22.78%) Python
4 299 (22.48%) JavaScript
5 193 (14.51%) Java 8
6 128 (9.62%) C#
7 117 (8.80%) Scala
8 69 (5.19%) JPQL
9 62 (4.66%) Ruby
10 54 (4.06%) TypeScript
11 50 (3.76%) C++
12 46 (3.46%) Go
13 44 (3.31%) Perl
14 37 (2.78%) PL/SQL
15 35 (2.63%) T-SQL
16 34 (2.56%) ES6
17 33 (2.48%) Shell Script
18 32 (2.41%) R
19 28 (2.11%) Bash Shell
20 24 (1.80%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 96 (7.22%) Security Cleared
2 90 (6.77%) SC Cleared
3 80 (6.02%) Degree
4 24 (1.80%) BPSS Clearance
5 23 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (1.65%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (0.98%) PhD
8 11 (0.83%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.53%) Sun Certification
10 6 (0.45%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.38%) CFA
11 5 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 4 (0.30%) PMP
13 3 (0.23%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.23%) ISEB
13 3 (0.23%) MCSA
13 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.15%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.15%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (3.38%) Data Quality
2 38 (2.86%) QA
3 14 (1.05%) Basel III
4 10 (0.75%) SLA
5 7 (0.53%) EMIR
5 7 (0.53%) MiFID
6 6 (0.45%) GDPR
7 4 (0.30%) IFRS
7 4 (0.30%) IFRS 9
8 3 (0.23%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.23%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.075%) HL7
System Software
1 199 (14.96%) Docker
2 24 (1.80%) Active Directory
3 19 (1.43%) HDFS
4 17 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.68%) Apache Flume
6 8 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.15%) VMware Server
9 1 (0.075%) KVM
9 1 (0.075%) oVirt
9 1 (0.075%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 96 (7.22%) Kubernetes
2 60 (4.51%) Ansible
3 49 (3.68%) Opscode Chef
4 37 (2.78%) Puppet
5 27 (2.03%) Mesos
6 26 (1.95%) Marathon
7 25 (1.88%) Terraform
8 18 (1.35%) Single Sign-On
9 10 (0.75%) Control-M
9 10 (0.75%) Kibana
9 10 (0.75%) logstash
9 10 (0.75%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.45%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.45%) ITRS Geneos
10 6 (0.45%) Suricata
11 5 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.30%) Nagios
13 2 (0.15%) Backup Exec
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 308 (23.16%) Oracle
2 135 (10.15%) Microsoft
3 80 (6.02%) Sybase
4 68 (5.11%) Google
5 34 (2.56%) Tableau
6 33 (2.48%) Cloudera
7 31 (2.33%) SAP
8 27 (2.03%) Red Hat
9 25 (1.88%) Atlassian
9 25 (1.88%) Informatica
10 23 (1.73%) Hortonworks
11 21 (1.58%) Databricks
12 20 (1.50%) Adobe
12 20 (1.50%) hybris
12 20 (1.50%) Splunk
13 19 (1.43%) Murex
14 18 (1.35%) TIBCO
15 17 (1.28%) ServiceNow
16 15 (1.13%) AppDynamics
17 14 (1.05%) Teradata