Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 114 129
Rank change year-on-year +3 +15 -40
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 713 375 921
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.40% 2.31% 2.26%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.96% 9.08% 8.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 502 273 580
10th Percentile £413 £375 £400
25th Percentile £475 £450 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £594 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +13.05% -4.55% +2.33%
75th Percentile £700 £650 £625
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 6
10th Percentile £23.84 £15.97 £30.21
25th Percentile £36.00 £17.00 £42.65
Median hourly rate £50.13 £20.79 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +141.16% -56.24% -26.92%
75th Percentile £60.72 £21.12 £51.25
90th Percentile £66.29 £21.33 £56.25
England median hourly rate £63.00 £20.79 £47.50
% change year-on-year +203.10% -56.24% +14.46%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 7,161 4,128 10,343
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 24.13% 25.42% 25.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,062 2,984 7,592
10th Percentile £385 £363 £363
25th Percentile £463 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £627 £607
90th Percentile £725 £725 £688
England median daily rate £513 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +2.50% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 28 57
10th Percentile £10.40 £15.98 £15.56
25th Percentile £18.13 £20.38 £20.00
Median hourly rate £29.63 £27.50 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year +7.73% +12.24% -18.33%
75th Percentile £45.31 £39.81 £43.75
90th Percentile £57.74 £49.80 £51.55
England median hourly rate £26.00 £24.70 £30.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% -17.67% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -11 44 £585 +6.36% 65
West London -10 5 £555 +3.26% 17
South London +18 2 £513 -5.09% 4
East London +4 2 - - 23
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 389 (54.56%) SQL
2 308 (43.20%) Java
3 284 (39.83%) Agile Software Development
4 266 (37.31%) Finance
5 245 (34.36%) Social Skills
6 222 (31.14%) Banking
7 204 (28.61%) Oracle
8 197 (27.63%) Python
9 195 (27.35%) RDBMS
10 162 (22.72%) Spring
11 150 (21.04%) SQL Server
12 143 (20.06%) Unix
13 138 (19.35%) Azure
14 132 (18.51%) Linux
15 130 (18.23%) JavaScript
16 125 (17.53%) AWS
17 123 (17.25%) Test Automation
17 123 (17.25%) Analytics
17 123 (17.25%) Investment Banking
18 120 (16.83%) C#
19 118 (16.55%) NoSQL
20 114 (15.99%) REST
21 113 (15.85%) Microservices
22 108 (15.15%) TDD
23 105 (14.73%) Front Office
24 104 (14.59%) Business Intelligence
25 98 (13.74%) PostgreSQL
26 97 (13.60%) .NET
26 97 (13.60%) Continuous Integration
27 96 (13.46%) Git (software)

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (10.24%) Apache Spark
2 59 (8.27%) Mule
3 27 (3.79%) Red Hat Fuse
4 24 (3.37%) Apache
5 22 (3.09%) JBoss
6 19 (2.66%) Tomcat
7 18 (2.52%) Apache Airflow
7 18 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (2.52%) Luigi
8 15 (2.10%) Confluence
9 13 (1.82%) CMS
9 13 (1.82%) Oracle Coherence
10 10 (1.40%) WebLogic
11 8 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.70%) Apache Pig
12 5 (0.70%) SAS
13 4 (0.56%) Jupyter
14 3 (0.42%) Appian
15 2 (0.28%) Ethereum
15 2 (0.28%) IIS
Applications
1 36 (5.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.12%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 32 (4.49%) SunGard Martini
2 8 (1.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.70%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.42%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.28%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.28%) Maximo
5 2 (0.28%) Workfront
6 1 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.14%) Endur
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle 11i
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.14%) Orchestrade
6 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.14%) Siebel CRM
6 1 (0.14%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 138 (19.35%) Azure
2 125 (17.53%) AWS
3 70 (9.82%) GCP
4 57 (7.99%) Power Platform
5 34 (4.77%) Serverless
6 31 (4.35%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 23 (3.23%) GitHub
7 23 (3.23%) IaaS
8 22 (3.09%) Azure Data Factory
8 22 (3.09%) Cloud Computing
9 17 (2.38%) Amazon S3
9 17 (2.38%) AWS Lambda
10 15 (2.10%) Azure Functions
11 14 (1.96%) OpenShift
12 12 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (1.54%) Amazon EMR
13 11 (1.54%) AWS CloudFormation
14 10 (1.40%) Amazon SQS
14 10 (1.40%) Snowflake
15 9 (1.26%) Google Data Studio
Communications & Networking
1 35 (4.91%) HTTP
2 23 (3.23%) TCP/IP
3 19 (2.66%) RTMP
4 8 (1.12%) Firewall
5 7 (0.98%) DNS
5 7 (0.98%) VPN
6 4 (0.56%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.42%) InfiniBand
7 3 (0.42%) SSL
8 2 (0.28%) Internet
8 2 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.28%) IPFS
8 2 (0.28%) LAN
8 2 (0.28%) Network Security
8 2 (0.28%) SMS
8 2 (0.28%) SMTP
8 2 (0.28%) WAN
8 2 (0.28%) Wireless
9 1 (0.14%) Intranet
9 1 (0.14%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (27.35%) RDBMS
2 150 (21.04%) SQL Server
3 118 (16.55%) NoSQL
4 98 (13.74%) PostgreSQL
5 93 (13.04%) Data Warehouse
6 86 (12.06%) Big Data
7 74 (10.38%) Oracle Database
8 71 (9.96%) MySQL
9 60 (8.42%) Oracle Database 12c
10 58 (8.13%) MongoDB
10 58 (8.13%) Tableau
11 55 (7.71%) Hadoop
12 52 (7.29%) Power BI
13 36 (5.05%) Data Lake
14 32 (4.49%) Apache Cassandra
15 30 (4.21%) Metadata
16 29 (4.07%) BigQuery
17 27 (3.79%) Apache Hive
18 24 (3.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 24 (3.37%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 96 (13.46%) Git (software)
2 95 (13.32%) Jenkins
3 92 (12.90%) Subversion
4 67 (9.40%) JIRA
5 51 (7.15%) TeamCity
6 45 (6.31%) Maven
7 40 (5.61%) Visual Studio
8 35 (4.91%) JUnit
8 35 (4.91%) Oracle APEX
9 31 (4.35%) CppUnit
10 29 (4.07%) Bitbucket
11 25 (3.51%) Artifactory
12 21 (2.95%) IntelliJ
13 18 (2.52%) Hudson
13 18 (2.52%) jMock
13 18 (2.52%) Robot Framework
14 12 (1.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 12 (1.68%) Cucumber
15 11 (1.54%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 10 (1.40%) Gradle
General
1 266 (37.31%) Finance
2 245 (34.36%) Social Skills
3 222 (31.14%) Banking
4 123 (17.25%) Investment Banking
5 105 (14.73%) Front Office
6 77 (10.80%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (4.35%) Presentation Skills
8 29 (4.07%) Marketing
9 28 (3.93%) Public Sector
10 18 (2.52%) Back Office
11 17 (2.38%) Electronics
12 14 (1.96%) Manufacturing
12 14 (1.96%) Telecoms
13 13 (1.82%) Influencing Skills
13 13 (1.82%) Retail
14 11 (1.54%) Retail Banking
15 9 (1.26%) Law
16 7 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
16 7 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.84%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 355 (49.79%) Developer
2 134 (18.79%) Java Developer
3 80 (11.22%) Data Engineer
4 65 (9.12%) Analyst
5 62 (8.70%) Architect
6 56 (7.85%) Senior Developer
7 55 (7.71%) Integration Developer
8 35 (4.91%) C++ Developer
9 33 (4.63%) Python Developer
10 31 (4.35%) Data Architect
11 30 (4.21%) Software Engineer
12 29 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
12 29 (4.07%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
13 27 (3.79%) JavaScript Developer
14 26 (3.65%) C# Developer
14 26 (3.65%) SQL Developer
15 24 (3.37%) Senior Java Developer
16 23 (3.23%) Solutions Architect
17 21 (2.95%) Data Analyst
17 21 (2.95%) Enterprise Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 162 (22.72%) Spring
2 114 (15.99%) REST
3 97 (13.60%) .NET
4 83 (11.64%) XML
5 79 (11.08%) HTML
6 76 (10.66%) Kafka
7 73 (10.24%) AngularJS
7 73 (10.24%) JSON
7 73 (10.24%) Middleware
8 71 (9.96%) Apache Camel
9 67 (9.40%) Web Services
10 62 (8.70%) React
11 60 (8.42%) J2EE
12 58 (8.13%) CSS
12 58 (8.13%) JTA
12 58 (8.13%) JTS
13 55 (7.71%) JMS
14 50 (7.01%) HTML5
14 50 (7.01%) RESTful
15 46 (6.45%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 46 (6.45%) Data Structures
2 44 (6.17%) Management Information System
3 42 (5.89%) Fixed Income
4 33 (4.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 29 (4.07%) Enterprise Software
6 22 (3.09%) Client/Server
6 22 (3.09%) Reference Data
7 20 (2.81%) Clustering
8 19 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (2.38%) Derivative
10 15 (2.10%) Equities
11 14 (1.96%) Credit Risk
11 14 (1.96%) User Experience
12 12 (1.68%) Data Centre
13 11 (1.54%) Data Protection Act
14 10 (1.40%) Legacy Systems
14 10 (1.40%) Replication
15 9 (1.26%) Algorithms
16 8 (1.12%) Cloud Native
17 7 (0.98%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 143 (20.06%) Unix
2 132 (18.51%) Linux
3 88 (12.34%) Windows
4 16 (2.24%) Mac OS X
5 13 (1.82%) Windows Server
6 9 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (0.56%) Android
7 4 (0.56%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.28%) Solaris
9 2 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 284 (39.83%) Agile Software Development
2 123 (17.25%) Analytics
2 123 (17.25%) Test Automation
3 113 (15.85%) Microservices
4 108 (15.15%) TDD
5 104 (14.59%) Business Intelligence
6 97 (13.60%) Continuous Integration
7 95 (13.32%) Data Modelling
8 92 (12.90%) Scrum
9 91 (12.76%) Problem-Solving
10 79 (11.08%) OO
11 77 (10.80%) DevOps
12 75 (10.52%) Data Pipeline
13 74 (10.38%) ETL
14 69 (9.68%) Software Engineering
15 65 (9.12%) Performance Tuning
16 64 (8.98%) Multithreading
17 63 (8.84%) SDLC
17 63 (8.84%) Visualisation
18 59 (8.27%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 389 (54.56%) SQL
2 308 (43.20%) Java
3 197 (27.63%) Python
4 130 (18.23%) JavaScript
5 120 (16.83%) C#
6 58 (8.13%) C++
6 58 (8.13%) Scala
7 42 (5.89%) Java 8
8 35 (4.91%) PL/SQL
9 30 (4.21%) TypeScript
10 27 (3.79%) Perl
11 21 (2.95%) Kotlin
11 21 (2.95%) PHP
11 21 (2.95%) VBA
12 20 (2.81%) Shell Script
12 20 (2.81%) VB
13 19 (2.66%) Ruby
14 18 (2.52%) Go
14 18 (2.52%) T-SQL
15 16 (2.24%) R
Qualifications
1 70 (9.82%) Degree
2 24 (3.37%) Security Cleared
3 19 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
4 16 (2.24%) SC Cleared
5 8 (1.12%) Numerate Degree
6 6 (0.84%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 6 (0.84%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.70%) OCP
7 5 (0.70%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.56%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.42%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.28%) CISM
10 2 (0.28%) CISSP
10 2 (0.28%) GIAC
10 2 (0.28%) PhD
11 1 (0.14%) MBA
11 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.14%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.81%) Data Quality
2 19 (2.66%) QA
3 7 (0.98%) Accessibility
4 6 (0.84%) GDPR
5 4 (0.56%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.14%) GRC
6 1 (0.14%) HL7
6 1 (0.14%) MiFID
System Software
1 76 (10.66%) Docker
2 9 (1.26%) HDFS
3 6 (0.84%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.56%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.14%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 80 (11.22%) Kubernetes
2 25 (3.51%) Ansible
3 18 (2.52%) Terraform
4 15 (2.10%) BladeLogic
5 12 (1.68%) Single Sign-On
6 9 (1.26%) ITRS Geneos
6 9 (1.26%) Oozie
7 8 (1.12%) Data Guard
8 6 (0.84%) Istio
9 5 (0.70%) Control-M
9 5 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
9 5 (0.70%) Kibana
9 5 (0.70%) logstash
9 5 (0.70%) Oracle RMAN
10 3 (0.42%) Oracle ZFS
10 3 (0.42%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.28%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 2 (0.28%) Galera Cluster
11 2 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.28%) QRadar
Vendors
1 204 (28.61%) Oracle
2 55 (7.71%) Microsoft
3 38 (5.33%) Databricks
4 37 (5.19%) Sybase
5 35 (4.91%) Google
6 32 (4.49%) FIS
6 32 (4.49%) SunGard
7 29 (4.07%) SAP
8 22 (3.09%) IBM
9 18 (2.52%) Murex
10 16 (2.24%) Splunk
11 14 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
12 12 (1.68%) hybris
12 12 (1.68%) TIBCO
13 11 (1.54%) Alteryx
13 11 (1.54%) Informatica
14 10 (1.40%) Dataiku
15 8 (1.12%) Cognos
15 8 (1.12%) Sparx
15 8 (1.12%) Teradata