Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 122 120 129
Rank change year-on-year -2 +9 -37
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 842 407 650
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.25% 2.31% 2.14%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.70% 9.79% 8.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 655 297 445
10th Percentile £450 £375 £378
25th Percentile £523 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £731 £668 £625
90th Percentile £800 £700 £675
England median daily rate £575 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 3
10th Percentile - £52.00 -
25th Percentile - £53.13 £51.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £55.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year -63.64% +4.76% +52.44%
75th Percentile - - £53.75
90th Percentile - - -
England median hourly rate £48.27 £55.00 £28.30
% change year-on-year -12.25% +94.35% +17.92%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,683 4,156 7,251
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 23.21% 23.58% 23.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,462 3,000 5,267
10th Percentile £400 £350 £363
25th Percentile £488 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £763 £700 £700
England median daily rate £540 £493 £475
% change year-on-year +9.64% +3.68% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 25 38
10th Percentile £24.50 £21.40 £15.00
25th Percentile £26.00 £30.25 £24.63
Median hourly rate £36.88 £47.50 £32.50
Median % change year-on-year -22.36% +46.15% +17.69%
75th Percentile £60.75 £63.75 £47.72
90th Percentile £65.00 £68.00 £54.28
England median hourly rate £43.34 £26.00 £26.25
% change year-on-year +66.67% -0.95% -9.19%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -33 71 £600 -3.54% 77
South London -1 11 £540 +27.06% 2
West London -26 6 £530 -15.87% 8
East London -9 1 £275 -29.03% 22
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 450 (53.44%) SQL
2 366 (43.47%) Agile Software Development
3 298 (35.39%) Java
4 281 (33.37%) Social Skills
5 273 (32.42%) Finance
6 254 (30.17%) RDBMS
7 209 (24.82%) Oracle
8 208 (24.70%) Banking
9 203 (24.11%) Python
10 191 (22.68%) JavaScript
11 187 (22.21%) C#
12 184 (21.85%) SQL Server
13 180 (21.38%) AWS
14 159 (18.88%) Git (software)
15 155 (18.41%) Front Office
15 155 (18.41%) Problem-Solving
16 154 (18.29%) Azure
17 152 (18.05%) Investment Banking
18 150 (17.81%) PostgreSQL
19 149 (17.70%) Microservices
20 147 (17.46%) NoSQL
20 147 (17.46%) TDD
21 143 (16.98%) CI/CD
22 139 (16.51%) REST
23 137 (16.27%) React
24 127 (15.08%) .NET
25 126 (14.96%) Test Automation
26 125 (14.85%) AngularJS
26 125 (14.85%) Spring
27 123 (14.61%) CSS

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (5.34%) Apache Spark
2 44 (5.23%) Mule
3 42 (4.99%) Elasticsearch
4 41 (4.87%) Red Hat Fuse
5 28 (3.33%) Confluence
6 22 (2.61%) Oracle Coherence
7 17 (2.02%) JBoss
8 15 (1.78%) Apache
9 14 (1.66%) SharePoint
10 13 (1.54%) Ethereum
11 10 (1.19%) Tomcat
11 10 (1.19%) WebLogic
12 6 (0.71%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 3 (0.36%) IIS
14 3 (0.36%) Luigi
14 3 (0.36%) SAS
14 3 (0.36%) Tornado
15 2 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
15 2 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 32 (3.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.19%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.24%) SPSS
5 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.12%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 25 (2.97%) SunGard Martini
2 10 (1.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.59%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.48%) Workfront
5 3 (0.36%) Maximo
5 3 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.24%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 2 (0.24%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.12%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 1 (0.12%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.12%) Misys Midas
7 1 (0.12%) Orchestrade
Cloud Services
1 180 (21.38%) AWS
2 154 (18.29%) Azure
3 66 (7.84%) Power Platform
4 42 (4.99%) Amazon S3
5 40 (4.75%) Azure Data Factory
6 38 (4.51%) Serverless
7 37 (4.39%) GCP
8 30 (3.56%) PaaS
9 26 (3.09%) GitHub
10 19 (2.26%) IaaS
11 18 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (2.02%) Azure Functions
13 15 (1.78%) OpenShift
14 14 (1.66%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 14 (1.66%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 14 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
15 13 (1.54%) Amazon EMR
15 13 (1.54%) AWS CloudFormation
15 13 (1.54%) SaaS
15 13 (1.54%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 36 (4.28%) RTMP
2 29 (3.44%) TCP/IP
3 24 (2.85%) HTTP
4 16 (1.90%) Multicast
5 11 (1.31%) Network Security
6 8 (0.95%) DSL
7 6 (0.71%) Internet
8 3 (0.36%) DNS
8 3 (0.36%) FTP
9 2 (0.24%) InfiniBand
9 2 (0.24%) Intranet
9 2 (0.24%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.24%) VPN
10 1 (0.12%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.12%) Skype
10 1 (0.12%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 254 (30.17%) RDBMS
2 184 (21.85%) SQL Server
3 150 (17.81%) PostgreSQL
4 147 (17.46%) NoSQL
5 114 (13.54%) MySQL
6 90 (10.69%) Data Warehouse
7 82 (9.74%) Big Data
8 77 (9.14%) MongoDB
9 68 (8.08%) Oracle Database
10 65 (7.72%) Data Lake
11 63 (7.48%) Power BI
12 49 (5.82%) Tableau
13 39 (4.63%) Oracle Database 12c
14 36 (4.28%) Hadoop
14 36 (4.28%) Metadata
15 31 (3.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 25 (2.97%) Apache Cassandra
17 23 (2.73%) Redis
18 20 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 20 (2.38%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 159 (18.88%) Git (software)
2 119 (14.13%) Jenkins
3 115 (13.66%) JIRA
4 78 (9.26%) TeamCity
5 64 (7.60%) Subversion
6 43 (5.11%) Visual Studio
7 40 (4.75%) Bitbucket
8 39 (4.63%) Artifactory
9 32 (3.80%) Maven
9 32 (3.80%) Oracle APEX
10 26 (3.09%) JUnit
11 25 (2.97%) CppUnit
11 25 (2.97%) Robot Framework
12 22 (2.61%) Cypress.io
13 15 (1.78%) ER Studio
13 15 (1.78%) ERwin
14 14 (1.66%) jMock
15 10 (1.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 10 (1.19%) GitLab
15 10 (1.19%) IntelliJ
General
1 281 (33.37%) Social Skills
2 273 (32.42%) Finance
3 208 (24.70%) Banking
4 155 (18.41%) Front Office
5 152 (18.05%) Investment Banking
6 113 (13.42%) Analytical Skills
7 35 (4.16%) Presentation Skills
8 21 (2.49%) Marketing
9 20 (2.38%) Legal
9 20 (2.38%) Public Sector
10 18 (2.14%) Influencing Skills
11 14 (1.66%) Financial Institution
11 14 (1.66%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.43%) Public Speaking
13 11 (1.31%) Electronics
13 11 (1.31%) Retail
14 10 (1.19%) Manufacturing
14 10 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
15 7 (0.83%) Documentation Skills
16 5 (0.59%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 501 (59.50%) Developer
2 151 (17.93%) Java Developer
3 73 (8.67%) Data Engineer
4 62 (7.36%) Senior Developer
5 60 (7.13%) Architect
6 59 (7.01%) Full Stack Developer
7 55 (6.53%) C# Developer
8 48 (5.70%) Analyst
9 45 (5.34%) C++ Developer
10 41 (4.87%) Integration Developer
11 38 (4.51%) React Developer
12 35 (4.16%) Python Developer
13 30 (3.56%) Data Modeller
13 30 (3.56%) Senior Java Developer
14 29 (3.44%) Enterprise Integration Developer
15 28 (3.33%) Solutions Architect
16 27 (3.21%) JavaScript Developer
17 26 (3.09%) UI Developer
18 25 (2.97%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
19 21 (2.49%) Electronic Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (16.51%) REST
2 137 (16.27%) React
3 127 (15.08%) .NET
4 125 (14.85%) AngularJS
4 125 (14.85%) Spring
5 123 (14.61%) CSS
6 111 (13.18%) HTML
7 106 (12.59%) JSON
8 102 (12.11%) XML
9 90 (10.69%) Kafka
10 76 (9.03%) Web Services
11 66 (7.84%) RESTful
12 65 (7.72%) Reactive Extensions
13 59 (7.01%) Middleware
13 59 (7.01%) Node.js
14 56 (6.65%) Redux
15 51 (6.06%) Apache Camel
16 50 (5.94%) J2EE
17 45 (5.34%) HTML5
17 45 (5.34%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 70 (8.31%) User Experience
2 47 (5.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 39 (4.63%) Enterprise Software
4 38 (4.51%) Data Structures
5 35 (4.16%) Reference Data
6 32 (3.80%) Client/Server
7 31 (3.68%) Fixed Income
8 27 (3.21%) Derivative
9 25 (2.97%) Management Information System
10 20 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
11 18 (2.14%) Credit Derivative
12 16 (1.90%) Equity Derivative
12 16 (1.90%) Public Cloud
13 15 (1.78%) Cloud Native
14 14 (1.66%) Data Protection Act
14 14 (1.66%) OTC Derivatives
15 12 (1.43%) Clustering
15 12 (1.43%) Legacy Systems
16 11 (1.31%) Data Centre
17 10 (1.19%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 118 (14.01%) Unix
2 117 (13.90%) Linux
3 67 (7.96%) Windows
4 12 (1.43%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.31%) Mac OS X
6 9 (1.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.71%) Android
8 5 (0.59%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.48%) Solaris
9 4 (0.48%) VMS
9 4 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 366 (43.47%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (18.41%) Problem-Solving
3 149 (17.70%) Microservices
4 147 (17.46%) TDD
5 143 (16.98%) CI/CD
6 126 (14.96%) Test Automation
7 122 (14.49%) Analytics
8 117 (13.90%) Business Intelligence
9 115 (13.66%) Data Modelling
10 109 (12.95%) Continuous Integration
11 103 (12.23%) Scrum
12 101 (12.00%) SDLC
13 100 (11.88%) ETL
14 95 (11.28%) DevOps
15 93 (11.05%) Full Stack Development
16 92 (10.93%) Continuous Improvement
16 92 (10.93%) OO
17 78 (9.26%) Multithreading
18 67 (7.96%) Workflow
19 65 (7.72%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 450 (53.44%) SQL
2 298 (35.39%) Java
3 203 (24.11%) Python
4 191 (22.68%) JavaScript
5 187 (22.21%) C#
6 118 (14.01%) TypeScript
7 76 (9.03%) C++
8 42 (4.99%) Java 8
9 41 (4.87%) Shell Script
10 33 (3.92%) PL/SQL
11 27 (3.21%) Scala
11 27 (3.21%) XAML
12 25 (2.97%) C
12 25 (2.97%) PowerShell
13 23 (2.73%) PHP
14 21 (2.49%) Perl
14 21 (2.49%) Ruby
15 17 (2.02%) T-SQL
16 14 (1.66%) Kotlin
17 13 (1.54%) Bash
Qualifications
1 50 (5.94%) Degree
2 27 (3.21%) Security Cleared
3 24 (2.85%) SC Cleared
4 15 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.71%) AWS Certification
5 6 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.59%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.59%) OCP
6 5 (0.59%) Oracle Certification
7 4 (0.48%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.48%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.12%) FFIEC
8 1 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.12%) MBA
8 1 (0.12%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.12%) PMP
8 1 (0.12%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (4.04%) Data Quality
2 22 (2.61%) Accessibility
2 22 (2.61%) QA
3 12 (1.43%) Dodd-Frank
4 9 (1.07%) GDPR
5 4 (0.48%) Basel II
6 2 (0.24%) Dublin Core
6 2 (0.24%) GRC
7 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.12%) GLBA
7 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.12%) NIST
7 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 73 (8.67%) Docker
2 8 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.71%) HDFS
4 5 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.48%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.24%) LXC
Systems Management
1 74 (8.79%) Kubernetes
2 57 (6.77%) Ansible
3 30 (3.56%) ITRS Geneos
4 29 (3.44%) Terraform
5 25 (2.97%) BladeLogic
6 7 (0.83%) Oozie
7 6 (0.71%) Data Guard
7 6 (0.71%) Puppet
8 5 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
8 5 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.59%) Oracle RMAN
8 5 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (0.48%) Istio
9 4 (0.48%) Kibana
9 4 (0.48%) logstash
9 4 (0.48%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.24%) Control-M
10 2 (0.24%) Grafana
10 2 (0.24%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 209 (24.82%) Oracle
2 108 (12.83%) Microsoft
3 34 (4.04%) Sybase
4 29 (3.44%) Databricks
5 27 (3.21%) Salesforce.com
6 25 (2.97%) FIS
6 25 (2.97%) SunGard
7 24 (2.85%) Google
8 23 (2.73%) SAP
9 21 (2.49%) TIBCO
10 19 (2.26%) Cloudera
11 18 (2.14%) Splunk
12 16 (1.90%) Talend
13 15 (1.78%) Murex
14 10 (1.19%) Sparx
14 10 (1.19%) Zend
15 9 (1.07%) Atlassian
16 8 (0.95%) Informatica
17 7 (0.83%) Confluent
17 7 (0.83%) MuleSoft