Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 114 125 90
Rank change year-on-year +11 -35 +13
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 414 650 1,252
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.33% 2.14% 2.83%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.92% 9.01% 11.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 337 450 856
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £375 £375 £375
90th Percentile £700 £675 £700
England median daily rate £513 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 4
Median hourly rate £55.00 £52.50 £34.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +52.44% -39.04%
England median hourly rate £55.00 £28.30 £24.00
% change year-on-year +94.35% +17.92% -40.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 4,172 7,216 10,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 23.44% 23.78% 24.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,975 5,231 8,036
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £363 £363
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £480
% change year-on-year +2.63% -1.04% +2.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 38 38
Median hourly rate £47.50 £32.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +46.15% +18.18% +3.40%
10th Percentile £21.40 £15.00 £18.12
90th Percentile £68.00 £54.28 £44.88
Median hourly rate £26.00 £26.25 £28.50
% change year-on-year -0.95% -7.89% -4.20%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +68 54 £625 +25.00% 48
West London +8 7 £600 +14.29% 7
East London +34 2 £425 -12.82% 11
South London +11 2 £425 -26.09% 3
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 203 (49.03%) Java
2 178 (43.00%) SQL
3 162 (39.13%) Agile Software Development
4 144 (34.78%) Linux
5 137 (33.09%) Spring
6 136 (32.85%) Finance
7 130 (31.40%) RDBMS
8 123 (29.71%) Banking
9 113 (27.29%) SQL Server
10 108 (26.09%) Python
11 106 (25.60%) Unix
12 101 (24.40%) Docker
13 97 (23.43%) Kubernetes
13 97 (23.43%) Oracle
14 96 (23.19%) AWS
14 96 (23.19%) Microservices
15 92 (22.22%) Middleware
16 85 (20.53%) Apache Camel
17 81 (19.57%) Analytical Skills
18 75 (18.12%) REST
19 73 (17.63%) OO
19 73 (17.63%) Azure
20 66 (15.94%) Data Warehouse
21 65 (15.70%) Front Office
21 65 (15.70%) Mule
22 63 (15.22%) JavaScript
23 62 (14.98%) MySQL
23 62 (14.98%) Data Modelling
23 62 (14.98%) Spring Integration
23 62 (14.98%) NoSQL

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (15.70%) Mule
2 37 (8.94%) Red Hat Fuse
3 31 (7.49%) JBoss
4 30 (7.25%) Apache Spark
5 26 (6.28%) Apache
6 21 (5.07%) Confluence
7 20 (4.83%) Elasticsearch
8 12 (2.90%) Jupyter
9 7 (1.69%) WebSphere
10 6 (1.45%) Tomcat
11 5 (1.21%) SAS
11 5 (1.21%) WebLogic
11 5 (1.21%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.72%) CMS
12 3 (0.72%) GlassFish
12 3 (0.72%) IIS
13 2 (0.48%) Luigi
13 2 (0.48%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.48%) TPMS
Applications
1 10 (2.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.45%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.48%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.24%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.69%) SunGard Martini
2 3 (0.72%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.48%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.24%) Magento
4 1 (0.24%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.24%) Maximo
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.24%) SAP FI
4 1 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 96 (23.19%) AWS
2 73 (17.63%) Azure
3 24 (5.80%) GCP
4 20 (4.83%) OpenShift
5 19 (4.59%) Amazon S3
5 19 (4.59%) Power Platform
6 17 (4.11%) SaaS
7 15 (3.62%) Amazon EC2
7 15 (3.62%) AWS CloudFormation
7 15 (3.62%) GitHub
8 14 (3.38%) PaaS
9 13 (3.14%) Amazon ECS
9 13 (3.14%) Amazon Kinesis
10 12 (2.90%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 10 (2.42%) Serverless
12 8 (1.93%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (1.93%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 7 (1.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 7 (1.69%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (1.45%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.17%) HTTP
2 7 (1.69%) TCP/IP
3 6 (1.45%) Firewall
3 6 (1.45%) Network Security
3 6 (1.45%) SSL
4 5 (1.21%) DNS
5 4 (0.97%) VPN
6 3 (0.72%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.48%) AMQP
7 2 (0.48%) Internet
7 2 (0.48%) SMS
7 2 (0.48%) SSH
7 2 (0.48%) X.21
8 1 (0.24%) DMZ
8 1 (0.24%) FTP
8 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.24%) IP Telephony
8 1 (0.24%) LAN
8 1 (0.24%) VoIP
8 1 (0.24%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 130 (31.40%) RDBMS
2 113 (27.29%) SQL Server
3 66 (15.94%) Data Warehouse
4 62 (14.98%) MySQL
4 62 (14.98%) NoSQL
5 55 (13.29%) PostgreSQL
6 46 (11.11%) Big Data
7 36 (8.70%) MongoDB
8 34 (8.21%) Oracle Database
9 27 (6.52%) Hadoop
10 22 (5.31%) Tableau
11 20 (4.83%) Amazon Redshift
12 19 (4.59%) Oracle Database 12c
13 18 (4.35%) Amazon RDS
14 17 (4.11%) Oracle Database 11g
15 16 (3.86%) Data Lake
16 15 (3.62%) Power BI
17 13 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
18 12 (2.90%) Apache Hive
19 11 (2.66%) Redis
Development Applications
1 62 (14.98%) Jenkins
2 46 (11.11%) Git (software)
3 44 (10.63%) Maven
4 43 (10.39%) JIRA
5 33 (7.97%) Subversion
6 26 (6.28%) JUnit
7 20 (4.83%) jMock
8 19 (4.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 17 (4.11%) Hudson
10 16 (3.86%) FishEye
11 15 (3.62%) Cucumber
12 13 (3.14%) Visual Studio
13 9 (2.17%) TeamCity
14 8 (1.93%) Gradle
14 8 (1.93%) Oracle APEX
15 7 (1.69%) CppUnit
16 6 (1.45%) Ant
17 5 (1.21%) LoadRunner
18 4 (0.97%) CircleCI
18 4 (0.97%) NUnit
General
1 136 (32.85%) Finance
2 123 (29.71%) Banking
3 65 (15.70%) Front Office
4 44 (10.63%) Investment Banking
5 22 (5.31%) Marketing
5 22 (5.31%) Public Sector
6 8 (1.93%) Law
7 7 (1.69%) Advertising
7 7 (1.69%) Pharmaceutical
7 7 (1.69%) Retail Banking
8 5 (1.21%) Back Office
9 4 (0.97%) Games
10 3 (0.72%) Electronics
10 3 (0.72%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.72%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.48%) Automotive
11 2 (0.48%) Military
11 2 (0.48%) Police
11 2 (0.48%) Retail
12 1 (0.24%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 226 (54.59%) Developer
2 126 (30.43%) Java Developer
3 58 (14.01%) Architect
4 51 (12.32%) Integration Developer
5 41 (9.90%) Data Engineer
6 29 (7.00%) Senior Developer
7 25 (6.04%) Analyst
8 24 (5.80%) SQL Developer
9 22 (5.31%) Data Architect
9 22 (5.31%) Solutions Architect
10 21 (5.07%) Java Engineer
11 18 (4.35%) AWS Developer
11 18 (4.35%) AWS Engineer
11 18 (4.35%) Senior Java Developer
12 17 (4.11%) Software Engineer
13 16 (3.86%) Java Middleware Developer
13 16 (3.86%) Middleware Developer
14 14 (3.38%) Consultant
14 14 (3.38%) Data Analyst
15 13 (3.14%) Senior Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (33.09%) Spring
2 92 (22.22%) Middleware
3 85 (20.53%) Apache Camel
4 75 (18.12%) REST
5 62 (14.98%) Spring Integration
6 56 (13.53%) JMS
6 56 (13.53%) Web Services
7 55 (13.29%) HTML
8 48 (11.59%) Hibernate
9 46 (11.11%) XML
10 42 (10.14%) .NET
11 38 (9.18%) Kafka
12 37 (8.94%) HTML5
13 34 (8.21%) AngularJS
14 32 (7.73%) JSON
15 31 (7.49%) Java EE
16 27 (6.52%) Spring Boot
17 24 (5.80%) NumPy
18 23 (5.56%) JDBC
19 21 (5.07%) JSF
Miscellaneous
1 81 (19.57%) Analytical Skills
2 40 (9.66%) Enterprise Software
3 30 (7.25%) Clustering
4 29 (7.00%) Fixed Income
5 23 (5.56%) Data Structures
6 13 (3.14%) Credit Risk
7 10 (2.42%) FMCG
8 9 (2.17%) Equities
8 9 (2.17%) Public Cloud
9 8 (1.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 8 (1.93%) Management Information System
9 8 (1.93%) Reference Data
9 8 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
10 7 (1.69%) User Experience
11 6 (1.45%) Pricing Data
12 5 (1.21%) Algorithms
12 5 (1.21%) Mainframe
12 5 (1.21%) Social Media
13 4 (0.97%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 144 (34.78%) Linux
2 106 (25.60%) Unix
3 28 (6.76%) Windows
4 6 (1.45%) Mac OS X
5 4 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.72%) Amazon Linux
7 2 (0.48%) Android
7 2 (0.48%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.48%) Solaris
7 2 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.24%) VMS
8 1 (0.24%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.24%) Windows 8
8 1 (0.24%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 162 (39.13%) Agile Software Development
2 96 (23.19%) Microservices
3 73 (17.63%) OO
4 62 (14.98%) Data Modelling
5 60 (14.49%) Continuous Integration
6 55 (13.29%) Analytics
7 52 (12.56%) DevOps
7 52 (12.56%) Performance Tuning
8 50 (12.08%) ETL
8 50 (12.08%) TDD
9 49 (11.84%) Business Intelligence
9 49 (11.84%) Scrum
10 46 (11.11%) Problem-Solving
11 43 (10.39%) Data Science
12 42 (10.14%) Migration
13 39 (9.42%) Open Source
13 39 (9.42%) Software Engineering
14 36 (8.70%) SDLC
14 36 (8.70%) Test Automation
15 34 (8.21%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 203 (49.03%) Java
2 178 (43.00%) SQL
3 108 (26.09%) Python
4 63 (15.22%) JavaScript
5 38 (9.18%) C#
6 35 (8.45%) Java 8
7 22 (5.31%) Scala
8 21 (5.07%) PL/SQL
9 18 (4.35%) R
10 15 (3.62%) Shell Script
11 13 (3.14%) C++
11 13 (3.14%) Perl
12 12 (2.90%) Go
13 11 (2.66%) T-SQL
14 9 (2.17%) Kotlin
15 8 (1.93%) SPARQL
16 7 (1.69%) Ruby
17 6 (1.45%) SHACL
17 6 (1.45%) TypeScript
18 5 (1.21%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 42 (10.14%) Degree
2 22 (5.31%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (4.35%) Master's Degree
4 17 (4.11%) Security Cleared
5 15 (3.62%) SC Cleared
6 7 (1.69%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.48%) PhD
8 1 (0.24%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.24%) HNC
8 1 (0.24%) HND
8 1 (0.24%) IBM Certification
8 1 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.24%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.31%) QA
2 12 (2.90%) Data Quality
3 6 (1.45%) MiFID
4 4 (0.97%) Dublin Core
5 3 (0.72%) GDPR
6 1 (0.24%) CDISC
6 1 (0.24%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 101 (24.40%) Docker
2 12 (2.90%) HDFS
3 8 (1.93%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.24%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.24%) Platform Symphony
5 1 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 97 (23.43%) Kubernetes
2 14 (3.38%) Terraform
3 13 (3.14%) Ansible
4 9 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (1.69%) Kibana
6 6 (1.45%) Puppet
7 4 (0.97%) Istio
8 3 (0.72%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.48%) Control-M
9 2 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.48%) PingFederate
10 1 (0.24%) Cisco CUCM
10 1 (0.24%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.24%) Nagios
10 1 (0.24%) Oozie
10 1 (0.24%) Oracle RMAN
10 1 (0.24%) Salt
10 1 (0.24%) SCCM
10 1 (0.24%) SCOM
10 1 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 97 (23.43%) Oracle
2 42 (10.14%) Sybase
3 41 (9.90%) Microsoft
4 21 (5.07%) Google
5 17 (4.11%) Atlassian
6 16 (3.86%) Murex
7 14 (3.38%) Salesforce.com
8 13 (3.14%) Dataiku
9 12 (2.90%) Alteryx
10 9 (2.17%) Talend
11 8 (1.93%) Cloudera
11 8 (1.93%) Databricks
11 8 (1.93%) IBM
11 8 (1.93%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
12 7 (1.69%) FIS
12 7 (1.69%) Informatica
12 7 (1.69%) SunGard
13 6 (1.45%) Cognizant
13 6 (1.45%) SAP
14 5 (1.21%) Red Hat