Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 109 125 88
Rank change year-on-year +16 -37 +20
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 422 931 1,334
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.39% 2.24% 2.87%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.54% 9.05% 11.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 307 605 927
Median daily rate £525 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +2.33% +7.50%
10th Percentile £363 £394 £370
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 10 3
Median hourly rate £21.00 £46.03 £75.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -54.38% -38.62% -
10th Percentile £15.97 £17.99 £56.50
90th Percentile £26.90 £61.25 £85.50
England median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -26.32% +14.46% +176.67%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 4,425 10,289 11,715
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 25.11% 24.72% 25.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,062 7,476 8,761
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £356
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 63 74
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +16.67% +10.46%
10th Percentile £20.65 £17.83 £20.08
90th Percentile £45.88 £55.60 £47.68
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
% change year-on-year - +4.48% +11.67%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +8 52 £500 -9.09% 25
West London +40 21 £525 +24.26% 7
South London +18 11 £540 -6.09% 1
East London +41 4 £345 -35.81% 7
North London +12 1 £450 -25.00% 1
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 224 (53.08%) SQL
2 197 (46.68%) Java
3 157 (37.20%) Agile Software Development
4 143 (33.89%) Finance
5 128 (30.33%) RDBMS
6 122 (28.91%) Python
7 121 (28.67%) AWS
8 114 (27.01%) Oracle
9 101 (23.93%) Microservices
10 100 (23.70%) SQL Server
11 99 (23.46%) Banking
12 85 (20.14%) Web Services
13 84 (19.91%) Spring
14 77 (18.25%) JavaScript
15 73 (17.30%) Software Engineering
16 72 (17.06%) Analytics
17 71 (16.82%) Linux
18 69 (16.35%) TDD
18 69 (16.35%) Docker
19 68 (16.11%) NoSQL
20 63 (14.93%) Azure
20 63 (14.93%) Data Modelling
21 59 (13.98%) MySQL
21 59 (13.98%) Analytical Skills
22 58 (13.74%) MongoDB
22 58 (13.74%) Migration
23 57 (13.51%) Kubernetes
24 56 (13.27%) HTML
24 56 (13.27%) Investment Banking
25 55 (13.03%) REST

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (6.16%) Apache Spark
2 18 (4.27%) Mule
3 14 (3.32%) Camunda
4 11 (2.61%) Confluence
5 8 (1.90%) IIS
5 8 (1.90%) WebSphere
6 7 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.66%) SAS
6 7 (1.66%) Tomcat
6 7 (1.66%) WebLogic
7 6 (1.42%) JBoss
8 5 (1.18%) GlassFish
8 5 (1.18%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (0.95%) Apache
9 4 (0.95%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.95%) JCAPS
9 4 (0.95%) Red Hat Fuse
9 4 (0.95%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.71%) Apache Pig
10 3 (0.71%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 39 (9.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (3.79%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (2.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.95%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.71%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.24%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.24%) SPSS
6 1 (0.24%) Stata
6 1 (0.24%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (1.66%) FINCAD Analytics
2 2 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.24%) Endur
3 1 (0.24%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.24%) Maximo
3 1 (0.24%) Northgate Housing
3 1 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.24%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.24%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 121 (28.67%) AWS
2 63 (14.93%) Azure
3 25 (5.92%) GCP
4 22 (5.21%) Serverless
5 15 (3.55%) AWS Lambda
6 14 (3.32%) Power Platform
7 10 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
7 10 (2.37%) AWS Step Functions
8 9 (2.13%) PaaS
9 8 (1.90%) OpenShift
10 7 (1.66%) GitHub
11 6 (1.42%) Amazon Kinesis
11 6 (1.42%) Azure Data Factory
11 6 (1.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 5 (1.18%) Amazon S3
13 4 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
13 4 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (0.95%) AWS CloudTrail
13 4 (0.95%) IaaS
13 4 (0.95%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.27%) HTTP
2 12 (2.84%) RTMP
3 8 (1.90%) Firewall
4 6 (1.42%) FTP
4 6 (1.42%) TCP/IP
5 5 (1.18%) DNS
5 5 (1.18%) SSL
6 4 (0.95%) Internet
6 4 (0.95%) VPN
7 2 (0.47%) Multicast
8 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.24%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.24%) Network Security
8 1 (0.24%) Remote Desktop
8 1 (0.24%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (30.33%) RDBMS
2 100 (23.70%) SQL Server
3 68 (16.11%) NoSQL
4 59 (13.98%) MySQL
5 58 (13.74%) MongoDB
6 50 (11.85%) Big Data
7 48 (11.37%) Data Warehouse
8 46 (10.90%) PostgreSQL
9 39 (9.24%) Amazon RDS
10 36 (8.53%) Amazon Aurora
11 30 (7.11%) Redis
12 24 (5.69%) Hadoop
13 23 (5.45%) Apache Cassandra
14 19 (4.50%) Oracle Database
15 17 (4.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 16 (3.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 14 (3.32%) MS Access
17 14 (3.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 13 (3.08%) HBase
18 13 (3.08%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 46 (10.90%) Git (software)
2 45 (10.66%) JIRA
3 40 (9.48%) Maven
4 31 (7.35%) Jenkins
5 26 (6.16%) JUnit
6 16 (3.79%) Subversion
7 15 (3.55%) Ant
7 15 (3.55%) Cucumber
7 15 (3.55%) Gradle
8 11 (2.61%) Team Foundation Server
9 10 (2.37%) Mockito
9 10 (2.37%) TeamCity
9 10 (2.37%) Visual Studio
10 8 (1.90%) Visual Studio Team System
11 7 (1.66%) NUnit
12 5 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (1.18%) Selenium
13 4 (0.95%) jMock
13 4 (0.95%) Mocha
14 3 (0.71%) Hudson
General
1 143 (33.89%) Finance
2 99 (23.46%) Banking
3 56 (13.27%) Investment Banking
4 49 (11.61%) Front Office
5 20 (4.74%) Public Sector
6 12 (2.84%) Marketing
7 11 (2.61%) Back Office
8 6 (1.42%) Retail
9 4 (0.95%) Advertising
9 4 (0.95%) Games
10 3 (0.71%) Law
10 3 (0.71%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.71%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.47%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.47%) Local Government
12 1 (0.24%) Automotive
12 1 (0.24%) Electronics
12 1 (0.24%) Legal
12 1 (0.24%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 268 (63.51%) Developer
2 129 (30.57%) Java Developer
3 48 (11.37%) AWS Engineer
4 44 (10.43%) AWS Developer
5 38 (9.00%) Analyst
5 38 (9.00%) SQL Developer
6 35 (8.29%) Python Developer
6 35 (8.29%) Software Engineer
7 34 (8.06%) Java Engineer
8 33 (7.82%) AWS Software Engineer
9 31 (7.35%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 30 (7.11%) Senior Developer
11 29 (6.87%) Architect
12 27 (6.40%) Java Software Engineer
13 26 (6.16%) Java Software Developer
14 23 (5.45%) C# Developer
15 20 (4.74%) Data Engineer
16 19 (4.50%) Data Analyst
17 16 (3.79%) Full Stack Developer
18 14 (3.32%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (20.14%) Web Services
2 84 (19.91%) Spring
3 56 (13.27%) HTML
4 55 (13.03%) REST
5 47 (11.14%) XML
6 44 (10.43%) .NET
7 42 (9.95%) gRPC
8 36 (8.53%) CSS
9 34 (8.06%) Protocol Buffers
10 33 (7.82%) AngularJS
10 33 (7.82%) Spring Boot
11 32 (7.58%) Apache Camel
11 32 (7.58%) HTML5
12 30 (7.11%) React
13 28 (6.64%) RESTful
14 26 (6.16%) J2EE
14 26 (6.16%) Middleware
15 23 (5.45%) Kafka
16 19 (4.50%) Hibernate
17 18 (4.27%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 59 (13.98%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (7.58%) Fixed Income
3 24 (5.69%) Reference Data
4 21 (4.98%) Data Structures
4 21 (4.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 16 (3.79%) Cloud Native
5 16 (3.79%) Enterprise Software
6 15 (3.55%) Derivative
6 15 (3.55%) Management Information System
7 14 (3.32%) Semantic Web
8 12 (2.84%) Hedge funds
9 11 (2.61%) Market Risk
10 9 (2.13%) Greenfield Project
10 9 (2.13%) Pricing Data
11 8 (1.90%) Client/Server
11 8 (1.90%) Equities
11 8 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
12 7 (1.66%) Algorithms
12 7 (1.66%) Equity Derivative
12 7 (1.66%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 71 (16.82%) Linux
2 53 (12.56%) Unix
3 40 (9.48%) Windows
4 8 (1.90%) Windows Server
5 5 (1.18%) Solaris
6 4 (0.95%) Android
6 4 (0.95%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.95%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.47%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.47%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.24%) AIX
8 1 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (37.20%) Agile Software Development
2 101 (23.93%) Microservices
3 73 (17.30%) Software Engineering
4 72 (17.06%) Analytics
5 69 (16.35%) TDD
6 63 (14.93%) Data Modelling
7 58 (13.74%) Migration
8 53 (12.56%) Business Intelligence
8 53 (12.56%) OO
9 48 (11.37%) DevOps
10 47 (11.14%) Asset Management
10 47 (11.14%) SDLC
11 43 (10.19%) Test Automation
12 40 (9.48%) Continuous Integration
12 40 (9.48%) ETL
13 37 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
14 35 (8.29%) BDD
15 33 (7.82%) Multithreading
16 32 (7.58%) Scrum
17 28 (6.64%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 224 (53.08%) SQL
2 197 (46.68%) Java
3 122 (28.91%) Python
4 77 (18.25%) JavaScript
5 53 (12.56%) C#
6 44 (10.43%) Java 8
7 31 (7.35%) R
8 20 (4.74%) Scala
9 18 (4.27%) PowerShell
10 16 (3.79%) Bash Shell
10 16 (3.79%) TypeScript
11 15 (3.55%) C++
11 15 (3.55%) PHP
11 15 (3.55%) Shell Script
12 14 (3.32%) Perl
13 12 (2.84%) Ruby
13 12 (2.84%) VB
14 11 (2.61%) PL/SQL
15 9 (2.13%) Go
15 9 (2.13%) VBA
Qualifications
1 42 (9.95%) Degree
2 35 (8.29%) Security Cleared
3 30 (7.11%) SC Cleared
4 15 (3.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.66%) Master's Degree
6 4 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.47%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.47%) ISEB
7 2 (0.47%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.24%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.24%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.24%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (9.95%) Data Quality
2 34 (8.06%) QA
3 9 (2.13%) GDPR
3 9 (2.13%) IFRS
4 8 (1.90%) Solvency II
5 5 (1.18%) SLA
6 4 (0.95%) MiFID
7 1 (0.24%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.24%) Good Clinical Practice
7 1 (0.24%) HL7
7 1 (0.24%) NCSC
7 1 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 69 (16.35%) Docker
2 11 (2.61%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.18%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (0.71%) Apache Flume
4 3 (0.71%) HDFS
4 3 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.24%) LXC
5 1 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 57 (13.51%) Kubernetes
2 23 (5.45%) Terraform
3 14 (3.32%) Ansible
4 9 (2.13%) Opscode Chef
4 9 (2.13%) Puppet
5 5 (1.18%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (0.95%) Data Guard
7 3 (0.71%) Control-M
8 2 (0.47%) HP ALM
9 1 (0.24%) Consul
9 1 (0.24%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 1 (0.24%) Grafana
9 1 (0.24%) Kibana
9 1 (0.24%) Mesos
9 1 (0.24%) Oracle Identity Management
9 1 (0.24%) Packer
9 1 (0.24%) QRadar
9 1 (0.24%) Rancher
9 1 (0.24%) Tivoli
9 1 (0.24%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 114 (27.01%) Oracle
2 52 (12.32%) Microsoft
3 40 (9.48%) Sybase
4 19 (4.50%) Google
5 11 (2.61%) Cloudera
6 9 (2.13%) Atlassian
6 9 (2.13%) IBM
7 8 (1.90%) Databricks
7 8 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (1.90%) ServiceNow
7 8 (1.90%) Splunk
8 7 (1.66%) MapR
9 6 (1.42%) Hortonworks
9 6 (1.42%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 6 (1.42%) SAP
9 6 (1.42%) Tableau
10 5 (1.18%) MicroStrategy
11 4 (0.95%) Informatica
11 4 (0.95%) Netezza
11 4 (0.95%) Teradata