Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
England > London
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 45 40 19
Rank change year-on-year -5 -21 -3
Contract jobs citing HTML 1,627 989 3,217
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.35% 6.33% 7.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.00% 16.48% 21.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,201 706 2,484
10th Percentile £360 £316 £350
25th Percentile £425 £410 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £623 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £678 £650
England median daily rate £475 £455 £450
% change year-on-year +4.51% +1.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 5 13
10th Percentile £35.95 £22.30 £35.70
25th Percentile £42.63 £23.50 £43.75
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -10.00% +44.93%
75th Percentile £68.50 £56.00 £122.50
90th Percentile £79.00 £61.55 "
England median hourly rate £45.88 £40.00 £52.34
% change year-on-year +14.69% -23.57% +30.84%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,847 6,002 14,824
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.68% 38.39% 36.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,065 4,451 11,156
10th Percentile £400 £375 £375
25th Percentile £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £636 £603
90th Percentile £725 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 35 60
10th Percentile £21.25 £22.90 £13.28
25th Percentile £35.00 £32.00 £33.81
Median hourly rate £49.00 £47.00 £49.57
Median % change year-on-year +4.26% -5.18% +16.62%
75th Percentile £65.00 £63.00 £55.00
90th Percentile £68.86 £67.91 £68.88
England median hourly rate £47.13 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +4.72% - +8.43%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in London

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML in London.

Daily rate trend for HTML in London

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in London

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML in London.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in London

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in London

HTML
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 197 £500 - 244
West London -14 21 £600 +14.29% 79
East London +3 10 £495 +10.00% 57
South London -19 5 £500 -3.85% 19
North London +4 1 £375 -16.67% 11
HTML
England

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for HTML.

1 1,205 (74.06%) JavaScript
2 1,204 (74.00%) CSS
3 653 (40.14%) React
4 647 (39.77%) Agile Software Development
5 611 (37.55%) HTML5
6 553 (33.99%) AngularJS
7 396 (24.34%) Java
7 396 (24.34%) Front End Development
8 382 (23.48%) TypeScript
9 355 (21.82%) SQL
10 349 (21.45%) Git (software)
11 344 (21.14%) Full Stack Development
12 337 (20.71%) Node.js
13 315 (19.36%) Finance
14 309 (18.99%) TDD
15 293 (18.01%) C#
16 288 (17.70%) .NET
17 286 (17.58%) User Experience
18 282 (17.33%) Social Skills
19 278 (17.09%) DevOps
20 268 (16.47%) CSS3
21 261 (16.04%) Azure
22 251 (15.43%) REST
23 220 (13.52%) AWS
24 219 (13.46%) Microservices
25 210 (12.91%) Jenkins
26 208 (12.78%) Banking
27 200 (12.29%) Python
28 196 (12.05%) Web Services
29 195 (11.99%) Web Development

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (5.53%) CMS
2 50 (3.07%) Confluence
3 44 (2.70%) Apache
4 40 (2.46%) SharePoint
5 32 (1.97%) WordPress
6 30 (1.84%) Tomcat
7 24 (1.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 24 (1.48%) IIS
7 24 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 20 (1.23%) nginx
9 19 (1.17%) Drupal
10 16 (0.98%) Headless CMS
10 16 (0.98%) WebLogic
11 13 (0.80%) JBoss
11 13 (0.80%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.61%) Elasticsearch
12 10 (0.61%) Red Hat Fuse
13 9 (0.55%) SharePoint 2010
13 9 (0.55%) Umbraco
14 8 (0.49%) CICS
Applications
1 40 (2.46%) Photoshop
2 31 (1.91%) Sketch
3 22 (1.35%) Microsoft Excel
4 17 (1.04%) Figma
4 17 (1.04%) InVision
5 15 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.86%) Adobe XD
7 13 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 9 (0.55%) InfoPath
9 7 (0.43%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.43%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.25%) MS Visio
11 3 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
11 3 (0.18%) Zeplin
12 2 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
12 2 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
12 2 (0.12%) GIMP
12 2 (0.12%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 19 (1.17%) Magento
2 16 (0.98%) Shopify
3 11 (0.68%) Adobe Campaign
4 7 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.25%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.12%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.061%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.061%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.061%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.061%) RMDS
8 1 (0.061%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 1 (0.061%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.061%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 261 (16.04%) Azure
2 220 (13.52%) AWS
3 79 (4.86%) npm
4 73 (4.49%) GitHub
5 50 (3.07%) Serverless
6 46 (2.83%) SaaS
7 42 (2.58%) GCP
7 42 (2.58%) Power Platform
8 32 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
8 32 (1.97%) PaaS
9 29 (1.78%) Yarn
10 28 (1.72%) Microsoft 365
11 19 (1.17%) Google Analytics
11 19 (1.17%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 18 (1.11%) Adobe Analytics
12 18 (1.11%) Heroku
13 16 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
13 16 (0.98%) Power Automate
14 15 (0.92%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 15 (0.92%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 53 (3.26%) HTTP
2 26 (1.60%) Internet
3 19 (1.17%) AMQP
4 16 (0.98%) DNS
5 15 (0.92%) HTTPS
6 12 (0.74%) RTMP
7 10 (0.61%) SSL
8 7 (0.43%) PuTTY
9 6 (0.37%) DHCP
10 5 (0.31%) Firewall
10 5 (0.31%) FTP
10 5 (0.31%) Intranet
10 5 (0.31%) SMS
10 5 (0.31%) SMTP
10 5 (0.31%) SSH
10 5 (0.31%) TCP/IP
10 5 (0.31%) Telnet
10 5 (0.31%) WinSCP
11 3 (0.18%) Bluetooth
11 3 (0.18%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (10.76%) SQL Server
2 101 (6.21%) MongoDB
3 89 (5.47%) NoSQL
4 81 (4.98%) Relational Database
5 79 (4.86%) MySQL
6 57 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
7 39 (2.40%) Redis
8 38 (2.34%) Power BI
9 26 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
10 23 (1.41%) RDBMS
11 18 (1.11%) Tableau
12 16 (0.98%) Metadata
13 15 (0.92%) Big Data
14 13 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 12 (0.74%) Hadoop
16 11 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 11 (0.68%) Data Lake
16 11 (0.68%) KDB
16 11 (0.68%) Oracle Database
16 11 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 349 (21.45%) Git (software)
2 210 (12.91%) Jenkins
3 125 (7.68%) JIRA
4 115 (7.07%) webpack
5 87 (5.35%) Maven
6 84 (5.16%) Jasmine
7 66 (4.06%) Cypress.io
8 58 (3.56%) gulp
9 55 (3.38%) TeamCity
10 50 (3.07%) Karma Test Runner
11 46 (2.83%) Mocha
12 43 (2.64%) Grunt
13 36 (2.21%) GitLab
13 36 (2.21%) JUnit
14 34 (2.09%) Subversion
15 33 (2.03%) Bitbucket
16 32 (1.97%) Visual Studio
17 31 (1.91%) Cucumber
18 30 (1.84%) Protractor
19 25 (1.54%) NUnit
General
1 315 (19.36%) Finance
2 282 (17.33%) Social Skills
3 208 (12.78%) Banking
4 157 (9.65%) Analytical Skills
5 99 (6.08%) Marketing
6 91 (5.59%) Investment Banking
7 71 (4.36%) Front Office
8 53 (3.26%) Public Sector
9 43 (2.64%) Retail
10 38 (2.34%) Presentation Skills
11 28 (1.72%) Publishing
11 28 (1.72%) Telecoms
12 24 (1.48%) Documentation Skills
13 22 (1.35%) German Language
13 22 (1.35%) Manufacturing
14 18 (1.11%) French Language
15 15 (0.92%) Advertising
16 14 (0.86%) Games
17 12 (0.74%) Legal
18 10 (0.61%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,175 (72.22%) Developer
2 267 (16.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 212 (13.03%) React Developer
4 197 (12.11%) Senior Developer
5 189 (11.62%) Full Stack Developer
6 143 (8.79%) JavaScript Developer
7 137 (8.42%) Angular Developer
8 110 (6.76%) Java Developer
9 91 (5.59%) C# Developer
10 84 (5.16%) .NET Developer
11 80 (4.92%) Designer
12 72 (4.43%) HTML Developer
13 69 (4.24%) UI Developer
14 56 (3.44%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 55 (3.38%) Python Developer
16 54 (3.32%) Architect
17 48 (2.95%) Lead Developer
18 40 (2.46%) PHP Developer
18 40 (2.46%) UX Designer
19 39 (2.40%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,204 (74.00%) CSS
2 653 (40.14%) React
3 611 (37.55%) HTML5
4 553 (33.99%) AngularJS
5 337 (20.71%) Node.js
6 288 (17.70%) .NET
7 268 (16.47%) CSS3
8 251 (15.43%) REST
9 196 (12.05%) Web Services
10 194 (11.92%) Redux
11 191 (11.74%) Sass
12 190 (11.68%) jQuery
13 171 (10.51%) RESTful
14 158 (9.71%) Spring
15 144 (8.85%) JSON
16 135 (8.30%) Jest
17 129 (7.93%) Vue.js
18 115 (7.07%) XML
19 112 (6.88%) GraphQL
20 92 (5.65%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 286 (17.58%) User Experience
2 90 (5.53%) Greenfield Project
3 77 (4.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 72 (4.43%) Data Structures
5 70 (4.30%) Mobile App
6 59 (3.63%) Enterprise Software
7 48 (2.95%) Algorithms
8 37 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
9 27 (1.66%) Data Protection Act
10 24 (1.48%) Fixed Income
10 24 (1.48%) Legacy Applications
11 21 (1.29%) Clustering
11 21 (1.29%) W3C
12 18 (1.11%) Hedge funds
13 17 (1.04%) Virtual Team
14 16 (0.98%) Management Information System
15 15 (0.92%) Social Media
16 14 (0.86%) Animation
17 12 (0.74%) Cloud Native
17 12 (0.74%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 104 (6.39%) Linux
2 80 (4.92%) Unix
3 44 (2.70%) Windows
4 43 (2.64%) Apple iOS
5 35 (2.15%) Android
6 12 (0.74%) Mac OS
7 9 (0.55%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.49%) zOS
9 5 (0.31%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.12%) Solaris
11 2 (0.12%) VMS
12 1 (0.061%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.061%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.061%) Tizen
12 1 (0.061%) webOS
12 1 (0.061%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.061%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.061%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 647 (39.77%) Agile Software Development
2 396 (24.34%) Front End Development
3 344 (21.14%) Full Stack Development
4 309 (18.99%) TDD
5 278 (17.09%) DevOps
6 219 (13.46%) Microservices
7 195 (11.99%) Web Development
8 189 (11.62%) Continuous Integration
9 185 (11.37%) Scrum
10 177 (10.88%) Problem-Solving
11 176 (10.82%) Software Engineering
12 169 (10.39%) Test Automation
13 149 (9.16%) MVC
14 145 (8.91%) Unit Testing
15 136 (8.36%) OO
16 100 (6.15%) Analytics
17 98 (6.02%) Computer Science
18 97 (5.96%) SDLC
19 88 (5.41%) Continuous Improvement
20 86 (5.29%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,205 (74.06%) JavaScript
2 396 (24.34%) Java
3 382 (23.48%) TypeScript
4 355 (21.82%) SQL
5 293 (18.01%) C#
6 200 (12.29%) Python
7 138 (8.48%) ES6
8 102 (6.27%) PHP
9 68 (4.18%) Java 8
10 58 (3.56%) PL/SQL
11 48 (2.95%) PowerShell
12 45 (2.77%) Kotlin
13 44 (2.70%) C++
14 35 (2.15%) Ruby
15 25 (1.54%) Bash Shell
15 25 (1.54%) C
16 21 (1.29%) VB
17 19 (1.17%) Apex Code
17 19 (1.17%) Objective-C
18 17 (1.04%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 150 (9.22%) Degree
2 71 (4.36%) Security Cleared
3 53 (3.26%) SC Cleared
4 36 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.74%) Master's Degree
6 10 (0.61%) AWS Certification
7 8 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
7 8 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.31%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.31%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.061%) ISEB
11 1 (0.061%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.061%) PhD
11 1 (0.061%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (8.85%) Accessibility
2 66 (4.06%) QA
3 20 (1.23%) WCAG
4 10 (0.61%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.31%) GDPR
6 4 (0.25%) WAI
7 2 (0.12%) SLA
8 1 (0.061%) HL7
8 1 (0.061%) MiFID
8 1 (0.061%) PMO
8 1 (0.061%) Section 508
System Software
1 175 (10.76%) Docker
2 12 (0.74%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
5 3 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.12%) KVM
6 2 (0.12%) NFS
6 2 (0.12%) SRDF
6 2 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.12%) Xen
7 1 (0.061%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.061%) RACF
Systems Management
1 97 (5.96%) Kubernetes
2 30 (1.84%) Ansible
3 16 (0.98%) Terraform
4 11 (0.68%) Puppet
5 10 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
6 8 (0.49%) Grafana
7 7 (0.43%) Kibana
8 6 (0.37%) Nagios
9 4 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.12%) Rancher
11 1 (0.061%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.061%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.061%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.061%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.061%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 177 (10.88%) Oracle
2 93 (5.72%) Microsoft
3 85 (5.22%) Adobe
4 80 (4.92%) Salesforce.com
5 42 (2.58%) Google
6 23 (1.41%) ServiceNow
7 19 (1.17%) DevExpress
8 18 (1.11%) SAP
9 17 (1.04%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 13 (0.80%) IBM
10 13 (0.80%) Splunk
11 12 (0.74%) Telerik
12 11 (0.68%) hybris
12 11 (0.68%) Marketo
13 10 (0.61%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.61%) Automation Anywhere
13 10 (0.61%) Optimizely
14 9 (0.55%) Nintex
14 9 (0.55%) RedGate
14 9 (0.55%) Sitecore