Period
to 31 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Security Operations skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Security Operations over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Security Operations (SecOps)
UK
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 364 277 377
Rank change year-on-year -87 +100 +82
Permanent jobs citing Security Operations 953 770 1,223
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 1.13% 0.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.89% 1.22% 0.92%
Number of salaries quoted 696 579 850
10th Percentile £37,500 £41,250 £36,475
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £56,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.62% -5.83% +7.14%
75th Percentile £79,063 £74,375 £77,500
90th Percentile £93,125 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -8.26%

Security Operations is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 106,498 63,099 133,223
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.75% 92.77% 92.67%
Number of salaries quoted 72,630 51,079 106,320
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Security Operations
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Security Operations as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Security Operations in the UK

Security Operations
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Security Operations.

Salary trend for Security Operations in the UK

Security Operations
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Security Operations over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Security Operations in the UK

Security Operations
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Security Operations within the UK over the 6 months to 31 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -68 841 £62,500 +8.23% 132
UK excluding London -65 512 £55,000 +4.76% 80
London -113 367 £70,000 +3.70% 64
Work from Home -116 198 £60,000 -4.00% 24
South East -118 117 £56,250 +7.14% 23
Midlands -25 104 £52,500 -12.50% 8
North of England -63 96 £57,500 +6.48% 21
East of England +19 80 £73,750 +13.46% 8
West Midlands -34 70 £52,500 -12.50% 4
South West -47 51 £42,500 -10.53% 8
Scotland -66 51 £42,500 -5.56% 10
Yorkshire -55 50 £47,500 -20.83% 11
North West -49 38 £62,500 +38.89% 10
East Midlands -34 34 £40,000 -30.43% 4
Wales -44 10 £45,000 +5.88% 1
North East -19 8 £60,000 +7.29%
Northern Ireland -32 3 £25,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, IT jobs citing Security Operations also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Security Operations.

1 474 (49.74%) Cybersecurity
2 468 (49.11%) Information Security
3 319 (33.47%) SIEM
4 311 (32.63%) Azure
5 287 (30.12%) Social Skills
6 234 (24.55%) AWS
7 223 (23.40%) Firewall
8 212 (22.25%) CISSP
9 207 (21.72%) Security Operations Centre
10 190 (19.94%) Vulnerability Management
11 185 (19.41%) Finance
12 169 (17.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 160 (16.79%) Management Information System
14 150 (15.74%) Microsoft
15 135 (14.17%) Incident Management
16 133 (13.96%) Threat Intelligence
17 128 (13.43%) Agile Software Development
18 122 (12.80%) Security Architecture
19 119 (12.49%) CISM
20 114 (11.96%) GDPR
21 113 (11.86%) Analytical Skills
22 112 (11.75%) Risk Management
23 110 (11.54%) Splunk
23 110 (11.54%) Penetration Testing
23 110 (11.54%) Degree
24 103 (10.81%) GCP
25 100 (10.49%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
25 100 (10.49%) PCI DSS
25 100 (10.49%) Linux
26 99 (10.39%) Windows

Security Operations
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (2.52%) IIS
2 6 (0.63%) SharePoint
3 5 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (0.42%) Confluence
5 2 (0.21%) CMS
5 2 (0.21%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 36 (3.78%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (2.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.94%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (1.36%) Sentinel
2 5 (0.52%) Maximo
3 3 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.10%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 311 (32.63%) Azure
2 234 (24.55%) AWS
3 103 (10.81%) GCP
4 68 (7.14%) Microsoft 365
5 64 (6.72%) PaaS
6 61 (6.40%) SaaS
7 59 (6.19%) IaaS
8 40 (4.20%) Azure Sentinel
9 24 (2.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 23 (2.41%) Cloud Computing
11 22 (2.31%) GitHub
12 17 (1.78%) Serverless
13 16 (1.68%) OpenShift
13 16 (1.68%) Power Platform
14 15 (1.57%) PowerApps
15 11 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (1.15%) Mimecast
16 9 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 9 (0.94%) Google Workspace
17 8 (0.84%) OpenDNS
Communications & Networking
1 223 (23.40%) Firewall
2 96 (10.07%) Network Security
3 81 (8.50%) Intrusion Detection
4 38 (3.99%) Internet
5 31 (3.25%) VPN
6 30 (3.15%) DNS
7 27 (2.83%) TCP/IP
8 23 (2.41%) Cisco Nexus
9 18 (1.89%) Cisco ASA
9 18 (1.89%) IPsec
10 17 (1.78%) HTTP
11 16 (1.68%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
11 16 (1.68%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 14 (1.47%) DHCP
12 14 (1.47%) SSL
13 12 (1.26%) DMZ
13 12 (1.26%) FTP
14 11 (1.15%) SMTP
15 10 (1.05%) LAN
16 8 (0.84%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
1 14 (1.47%) SQL Server
2 7 (0.73%) Redis
3 5 (0.52%) Amazon RDS
4 4 (0.42%) Data Lake
4 4 (0.42%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (0.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 3 (0.31%) GIS
5 3 (0.31%) MySQL
6 2 (0.21%) Maltego
6 2 (0.21%) RDBMS
6 2 (0.21%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.10%) Big Data
7 1 (0.10%) Metadata
7 1 (0.10%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.10%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 24 (2.52%) Jenkins
2 22 (2.31%) Sonatype Nexus
3 20 (2.10%) Metasploit
4 8 (0.84%) Burp Suite
5 7 (0.73%) TeamCity
6 6 (0.63%) JIRA
7 5 (0.52%) Octopus Deploy
8 1 (0.10%) Snyk
General
1 287 (30.12%) Social Skills
2 185 (19.41%) Finance
3 113 (11.86%) Analytical Skills
4 54 (5.67%) Retail
5 42 (4.41%) Organisational Skills
6 34 (3.57%) Legal
7 24 (2.52%) Banking
8 23 (2.41%) Games
9 22 (2.31%) Law
9 22 (2.31%) Public Sector
10 21 (2.20%) Manufacturing
11 20 (2.10%) Telecoms
12 19 (1.99%) Marketing
13 17 (1.78%) Presentation Skills
14 16 (1.68%) Influencing Skills
15 13 (1.36%) Electronics
15 13 (1.36%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.84%) Documentation Skills
17 7 (0.73%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 6 (0.63%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 287 (30.12%) Analyst
2 177 (18.57%) Security Analyst
3 124 (13.01%) Security Engineer
4 80 (8.39%) Consultant
5 67 (7.03%) Security Consultant
6 66 (6.93%) Operations Analyst
7 64 (6.72%) Security Operations Analyst
7 64 (6.72%) SOC Analyst
8 63 (6.61%) Security Manager
9 62 (6.51%) Senior Analyst
10 60 (6.30%) Architect
10 60 (6.30%) Security Specialist
11 50 (5.25%) Security Architect
12 43 (4.51%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 39 (4.09%) Information Security Specialist
13 39 (4.09%) Information Specialist
14 36 (3.78%) Information Analyst
15 35 (3.67%) Senior Security Analyst
16 32 (3.36%) Head of Security
17 31 (3.25%) Information Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (3.15%) Web Services
2 22 (2.31%) Middleware
3 14 (1.47%) RESTful
4 13 (1.36%) LDAP
5 12 (1.26%) .NET
5 12 (1.26%) SAML
6 11 (1.15%) Regular Expression
7 8 (0.84%) AngularJS
8 7 (0.73%) JSON
9 6 (0.63%) .NET Core
9 6 (0.63%) .NET Framework
9 6 (0.63%) OAuth
9 6 (0.63%) SOAP
9 6 (0.63%) XML
10 5 (0.52%) REST
10 5 (0.52%) YAML
11 4 (0.42%) Elastic Stack
11 4 (0.42%) HTML
11 4 (0.42%) OpenID
12 3 (0.31%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 207 (21.72%) Security Operations Centre
2 160 (16.79%) Management Information System
3 96 (10.07%) Cyberthreat
4 62 (6.51%) Public Cloud
5 43 (4.51%) Cyber Kill Chain
6 34 (3.57%) Cyberattack
7 31 (3.25%) Data Centre
7 31 (3.25%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 29 (3.04%) CCTV
9 26 (2.73%) Cloud Native
9 26 (2.73%) Cyber Defence
10 23 (2.41%) Self-Motivation
11 20 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
11 20 (2.10%) Hybrid Cloud
12 17 (1.78%) Virtual Team
13 16 (1.68%) Data Protection Act
14 14 (1.47%) Analytical Mindset
15 10 (1.05%) Mobile App
15 10 (1.05%) PKI
16 7 (0.73%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 100 (10.49%) Linux
2 99 (10.39%) Windows
3 49 (5.14%) Unix
4 13 (1.36%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.05%) Kali Linux
6 8 (0.84%) Windows 10
7 6 (0.63%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
8 4 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.21%) Android
9 2 (0.21%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.21%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.21%) SUSE
9 2 (0.21%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
10 1 (0.10%) OpenBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 474 (49.74%) Cybersecurity
2 468 (49.11%) Information Security
3 319 (33.47%) SIEM
4 190 (19.94%) Vulnerability Management
5 135 (14.17%) Incident Management
6 133 (13.96%) Threat Intelligence
7 128 (13.43%) Agile Software Development
8 122 (12.80%) Security Architecture
9 112 (11.75%) Risk Management
10 110 (11.54%) Penetration Testing
11 100 (10.49%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
12 96 (10.07%) DevOps
13 86 (9.02%) ITIL
14 79 (8.29%) DevSecOps
15 76 (7.97%) Identity Access Management
16 73 (7.66%) Problem-Solving
17 70 (7.35%) Vulnerability Scanning
18 69 (7.24%) Continuous Improvement
18 69 (7.24%) Security Monitoring
19 65 (6.82%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 84 (8.81%) Python
2 76 (7.97%) PowerShell
3 38 (3.99%) SQL
4 36 (3.78%) C
5 28 (2.94%) C#
6 27 (2.83%) JavaScript
7 15 (1.57%) Java
8 14 (1.47%) Bash Shell
9 13 (1.36%) C++
10 8 (0.84%) Go
10 8 (0.84%) VB
11 6 (0.63%) Shell Script
12 5 (0.52%) Perl
13 4 (0.42%) Scala
13 4 (0.42%) VBScript
14 3 (0.31%) Ruby
14 3 (0.31%) VBA
15 2 (0.21%) R
16 1 (0.10%) PHP
Qualifications
1 212 (22.25%) CISSP
2 119 (12.49%) CISM
3 110 (11.54%) Degree
4 64 (6.72%) CISA
4 64 (6.72%) Cisco Certification
5 62 (6.51%) Security Cleared
6 58 (6.09%) CEH
7 42 (4.41%) GIAC
8 41 (4.30%) SC Cleared
9 40 (4.20%) SANS
10 39 (4.09%) OSCP
11 36 (3.78%) CompTIA Security+
12 31 (3.25%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 20 (2.10%) CREST Certified
13 20 (2.10%) IISP
14 19 (1.99%) CCSA
15 12 (1.26%) CRISC
15 12 (1.26%) DV Cleared
15 12 (1.26%) IIBA
15 12 (1.26%) ISSAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (17.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 114 (11.96%) GDPR
3 100 (10.49%) PCI DSS
4 88 (9.23%) NIST
5 59 (6.19%) Cyber Essentials
5 59 (6.19%) GRC
6 39 (4.09%) COBIT
7 22 (2.31%) SLA
8 18 (1.89%) NIST 800
9 17 (1.78%) NCSC
10 13 (1.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 12 (1.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 12 (1.26%) SOC 2
12 11 (1.15%) QA
13 10 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 6 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 5 (0.52%) ITGC
15 5 (0.52%) JSP 440
16 4 (0.42%) 21 CFR Part 11
16 4 (0.42%) HIPAA
System Software
1 40 (4.20%) Active Directory
2 32 (3.36%) Docker
3 13 (1.36%) Snort
4 12 (1.26%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (1.15%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.84%) Squid
7 5 (0.52%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.42%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 4 (0.42%) Shibboleth
8 4 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.31%) Firmware
9 3 (0.31%) NFS
9 3 (0.31%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.21%) LXC
Systems Management
1 52 (5.46%) Nessus
2 45 (4.72%) QRadar
3 42 (4.41%) Ansible
4 35 (3.67%) Kubernetes
5 34 (3.57%) Terraform
6 28 (2.94%) Puppet
7 22 (2.31%) CASB
8 11 (1.15%) Microsoft Intune
9 9 (0.94%) Nexpose
10 8 (0.84%) Suricata
11 7 (0.73%) Jamf Pro
12 6 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
12 6 (0.63%) systemd
13 5 (0.52%) EnCase
13 5 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.42%) CSIRT
14 4 (0.42%) Packer
14 4 (0.42%) SCCM
15 3 (0.31%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 3 (0.31%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 150 (15.74%) Microsoft
2 110 (11.54%) Splunk
3 64 (6.72%) Cisco
4 53 (5.56%) ServiceNow
5 47 (4.93%) LogRhythm
6 46 (4.83%) CheckPoint
6 46 (4.83%) Google
7 28 (2.94%) Palo Alto
7 28 (2.94%) Zscaler
8 26 (2.73%) Qualys
9 25 (2.62%) AlienVault
10 19 (1.99%) Sun
11 18 (1.89%) ArcSight
11 18 (1.89%) F5
11 18 (1.89%) FireEye
12 17 (1.78%) Apple
13 16 (1.68%) Carbon Black
13 16 (1.68%) McAfee
14 15 (1.57%) Symantec
14 15 (1.57%) VMware