Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 87 129 200
Rank change year-on-year +42 +71 -10
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,748 4,438 3,253
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.35% 2.65% 1.84%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.64% 2.88% 2.00%
Number of salaries quoted 3,492 3,248 2,603
UK median annual salary £58,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.74% - -4.17%
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £33,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,945 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.89% - -9.09%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 130,407 153,946 162,809
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.77% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 102,344 122,604 128,581
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 4,378 £58,500 +1.74% 807
UK excluding London +50 2,752 £52,945 +5.89% 667
London +21 1,854 £67,500 +3.85% 216
South East +42 782 £60,000 +9.09% 168
South West +48 548 £55,000 +22.22% 95
Midlands +123 451 £50,000 -9.09% 131
North of England -1 438 £50,000 - 129
West Midlands +124 354 £50,000 +5.26% 99
North West +25 291 £50,000 -4.57% 85
East of England +14 268 £50,000 +5.26% 68
Scotland +30 193 £55,000 -8.33% 34
Yorkshire -24 132 £55,000 +15.79% 32
East Midlands +33 94 £52,500 -8.70% 32
Wales +2 38 £47,500 +18.13% 38
Northern Ireland +9 30 £70,000 +55.56% 4
North East +25 14 £50,000 -14.89% 12
Channel Islands +8 1 £180,000 +300.00%

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,302 (27.42%) Information Security
2 1,008 (21.23%) Linux
3 995 (20.96%) CISSP
4 952 (20.05%) Degree
5 875 (18.43%) Finance
6 873 (18.39%) Firewall
7 843 (17.75%) Agile Software Development
8 833 (17.54%) SIEM
9 790 (16.64%) Windows
10 789 (16.62%) Security Cleared
11 773 (16.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 706 (14.87%) Security Operations
13 635 (13.37%) CISM
14 611 (12.87%) Management Information System
15 603 (12.70%) Python
16 589 (12.41%) Microsoft
17 582 (12.26%) Problem-Solving
18 561 (11.82%) Azure
19 540 (11.37%) Penetration Testing
20 537 (11.31%) AWS
21 522 (10.99%) Security Architecture
22 485 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
23 447 (9.41%) Java
24 437 (9.20%) Risk Management
25 433 (9.12%) Network Security
26 432 (9.10%) SC Cleared
27 426 (8.97%) C
28 415 (8.74%) ITIL
29 408 (8.59%) DevOps
30 406 (8.55%) Software Engineering

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (2.44%) MS Exchange
2 100 (2.11%) Apache Spark
3 88 (1.85%) SharePoint
4 82 (1.73%) Elasticsearch
5 61 (1.28%) IIS
5 61 (1.28%) OpenStack
6 54 (1.14%) Confluence
7 33 (0.70%) Skype for Business
8 25 (0.53%) Tomcat
9 19 (0.40%) Apache
10 17 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2013
11 15 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2010
12 13 (0.27%) JBoss
13 12 (0.25%) IBM Notes
14 9 (0.19%) IBM Domino
14 9 (0.19%) WebSphere
15 8 (0.17%) WordPress
16 7 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 7 (0.15%) WebLogic
17 6 (0.13%) nginx
Applications
1 58 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.32%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.15%) Gephi
6 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.084%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.084%) InVision
8 3 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.042%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.021%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 50 (1.05%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 10 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
3 9 (0.19%) SAP GRC
4 8 (0.17%) nopCommerce
5 3 (0.063%) Relativity
5 3 (0.063%) SAP IBP
5 3 (0.063%) Unit4 Business World
6 2 (0.042%) Actimize
6 2 (0.042%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.021%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.021%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.021%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 561 (11.82%) Azure
2 537 (11.31%) AWS
3 268 (5.64%) Office 365
4 176 (3.71%) SaaS
5 161 (3.39%) GCP
6 103 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
7 94 (1.98%) IaaS
8 86 (1.81%) PaaS
9 61 (1.28%) OpenShift
10 37 (0.78%) G Suite
11 27 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
12 24 (0.51%) Amazon ECS
12 24 (0.51%) Azure Active Directory
12 24 (0.51%) Mimecast
13 20 (0.42%) Serverless
14 19 (0.40%) OneDrive
15 15 (0.32%) Amazon EC2
16 13 (0.27%) Amazon EKS
16 13 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
17 12 (0.25%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 873 (18.39%) Firewall
2 433 (9.12%) Network Security
3 313 (6.59%) TCP/IP
4 277 (5.83%) Internet
5 260 (5.48%) Intrusion Detection
6 227 (4.78%) WAN
7 199 (4.19%) VPN
8 173 (3.64%) LAN
9 171 (3.60%) DNS
10 94 (1.98%) MPLS
11 80 (1.68%) Unified Communications
12 79 (1.66%) Wireless
13 74 (1.56%) DHCP
13 74 (1.56%) HTTP
14 68 (1.43%) HTTPS
15 63 (1.33%) IPsec
16 60 (1.26%) Cisco ASA
17 53 (1.12%) WLAN
18 51 (1.07%) SSL
19 49 (1.03%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (5.45%) Big Data
2 117 (2.46%) SQL Server
3 93 (1.96%) NoSQL
4 78 (1.64%) MySQL
5 51 (1.07%) Apache Hive
6 48 (1.01%) Impala
7 44 (0.93%) PostgreSQL
8 37 (0.78%) Blockchain
8 37 (0.78%) MongoDB
9 19 (0.40%) Relational Database
10 18 (0.38%) Hadoop
10 18 (0.38%) Redis
11 17 (0.36%) Data Mining
12 12 (0.25%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (0.21%) Azure SQL Database
14 9 (0.19%) Power BI
14 9 (0.19%) SAP HANA
15 7 (0.15%) DB2
16 6 (0.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 6 (0.13%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 173 (3.64%) Git (software)
2 153 (3.22%) JIRA
3 124 (2.61%) Jenkins
4 114 (2.40%) Bitbucket
5 93 (1.96%) git-flow
6 69 (1.45%) Selenium
7 53 (1.12%) Bitbucket Server
8 40 (0.84%) JUnit
9 36 (0.76%) PhantomJS
10 27 (0.57%) Cucumber
11 24 (0.51%) JMeter
12 22 (0.46%) Subversion
13 21 (0.44%) TeamCity
13 21 (0.44%) Visual Studio
14 17 (0.36%) Mockito
15 16 (0.34%) Metasploit
16 15 (0.32%) LoadRunner
16 15 (0.32%) Team Foundation Server
17 14 (0.29%) Burp Suite
17 14 (0.29%) Maven
General
1 875 (18.43%) Finance
2 303 (6.38%) Public Sector
3 246 (5.18%) Banking
4 238 (5.01%) Retail
5 163 (3.43%) Telecoms
6 133 (2.80%) Legal
7 116 (2.44%) Aerospace
8 111 (2.34%) Law
9 98 (2.06%) Manufacturing
9 98 (2.06%) Marketing
10 96 (2.02%) Games
11 70 (1.47%) Military
12 53 (1.12%) Electronics
13 23 (0.48%) Publishing
14 21 (0.44%) Multimedia
15 20 (0.42%) Local Government
16 17 (0.36%) Financial Institution
17 15 (0.32%) Billing
18 14 (0.29%) Police
19 13 (0.27%) French Language
Job Titles
1 765 (16.11%) Consultant
2 721 (15.19%) Analyst
3 512 (10.78%) Architect
4 495 (10.43%) Security Analyst
5 402 (8.47%) Security Consultant
6 375 (7.90%) Security Engineer
7 307 (6.47%) Security Manager
8 275 (5.79%) Security Architect
9 263 (5.54%) Developer
10 242 (5.10%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 213 (4.49%) Security Specialist
12 209 (4.40%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 201 (4.23%) Cybersecurity Analyst
14 156 (3.29%) Solutions Architect
15 154 (3.24%) Cybersecurity Manager
16 146 (3.07%) Cybersecurity Specialist
17 130 (2.74%) Software Engineer
18 127 (2.67%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 115 (2.42%) Information Analyst
19 115 (2.42%) Information Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (2.84%) HTML
2 129 (2.72%) Node.js
3 111 (2.34%) REST
4 109 (2.30%) .NET
5 96 (2.02%) CSS
5 96 (2.02%) Kafka
6 95 (2.00%) Web Services
7 94 (1.98%) AngularJS
7 94 (1.98%) Spring
8 81 (1.71%) React
9 75 (1.58%) ASP.NET
10 55 (1.16%) Elastic Stack
11 52 (1.10%) RESTful
11 52 (1.10%) XML
12 51 (1.07%) SailPoint
12 51 (1.07%) Vue.js
13 48 (1.01%) SOAP
14 44 (0.93%) JSON
15 42 (0.88%) GraphQL
15 42 (0.88%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 611 (12.87%) Management Information System
2 485 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
3 272 (5.73%) Cyberthreat
4 258 (5.43%) Security Operations Centre
5 201 (4.23%) Data Centre
6 134 (2.82%) Cyberattack
7 114 (2.40%) Cyber Kill Chain
8 112 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
9 103 (2.17%) Internet of Things
9 103 (2.17%) PKI
10 100 (2.11%) Cyber Defence
11 97 (2.04%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 66 (1.39%) Mobile App
13 62 (1.31%) Public Cloud
14 55 (1.16%) Data Protection Act
15 52 (1.10%) Analytical Mindset
16 51 (1.07%) Cybercrime
17 49 (1.03%) CESG
17 49 (1.03%) Driving Licence
18 45 (0.95%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,008 (21.23%) Linux
2 790 (16.64%) Windows
3 240 (5.05%) Windows Server
4 223 (4.70%) Unix
5 111 (2.34%) Android
6 96 (2.02%) Windows Server 2012
7 86 (1.81%) Apple iOS
8 69 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 67 (1.41%) CentOS
10 64 (1.35%) Windows 10
11 58 (1.22%) Ubuntu
12 53 (1.12%) Windows Server 2008
13 41 (0.86%) Mac OS
14 25 (0.53%) Windows 7
15 20 (0.42%) AIX
16 19 (0.40%) Kali Linux
16 19 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
17 12 (0.25%) Debian
18 10 (0.21%) Solaris
19 9 (0.19%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,302 (27.42%) Information Security
2 843 (17.75%) Agile Software Development
3 833 (17.54%) SIEM
4 706 (14.87%) Security Operations
5 582 (12.26%) Problem-Solving
6 540 (11.37%) Penetration Testing
7 522 (10.99%) Security Architecture
8 437 (9.20%) Risk Management
9 415 (8.74%) ITIL
10 408 (8.59%) DevOps
11 406 (8.55%) Software Engineering
12 389 (8.19%) Stakeholder Management
13 358 (7.54%) Vulnerability Management
14 332 (6.99%) Project Management
15 307 (6.47%) Data Protection
16 306 (6.44%) Analytics
17 294 (6.19%) TOGAF
18 292 (6.15%) IT Strategy
19 279 (5.88%) Identity Access Management
20 240 (5.05%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 603 (12.70%) Python
2 447 (9.41%) Java
3 426 (8.97%) C
4 319 (6.72%) C++
5 250 (5.27%) JavaScript
6 237 (4.99%) SQL
7 235 (4.95%) Bash Shell
8 232 (4.89%) PowerShell
9 160 (3.37%) C#
10 106 (2.23%) Perl
11 62 (1.31%) Ruby
12 60 (1.26%) Go
13 53 (1.12%) R
14 36 (0.76%) Embedded C
15 35 (0.74%) PHP
16 28 (0.59%) TypeScript
17 26 (0.55%) Embedded C++
17 26 (0.55%) Shell Script
18 21 (0.44%) Scala
19 20 (0.42%) VB
Qualifications
1 995 (20.96%) CISSP
2 952 (20.05%) Degree
3 789 (16.62%) Security Cleared
4 635 (13.37%) CISM
5 432 (9.10%) SC Cleared
6 318 (6.70%) Cisco Certification
7 310 (6.53%) CISA
8 207 (4.36%) DV Cleared
9 201 (4.23%) CCNA
10 182 (3.83%) CEH
10 182 (3.83%) SANS
11 162 (3.41%) GIAC
12 158 (3.33%) CREST Certified
13 137 (2.89%) Microsoft Certification
14 125 (2.63%) CRISC
15 123 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
16 120 (2.53%) CCNP
17 106 (2.23%) CompTIA Security+
18 103 (2.17%) MCSE
19 96 (2.02%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 773 (16.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 354 (7.46%) GDPR
3 347 (7.31%) NIST
4 281 (5.92%) PCI DSS
5 134 (2.82%) Cyber Essentials
6 113 (2.38%) QA
7 104 (2.19%) COBIT
8 85 (1.79%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 84 (1.77%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 73 (1.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 64 (1.35%) SLA
12 62 (1.31%) NCSC
13 48 (1.01%) JSP 440
14 42 (0.88%) HMG Infosec
15 35 (0.74%) NIST 800
16 33 (0.70%) ISO 22301
17 30 (0.63%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
18 29 (0.61%) ISAE 3402
18 29 (0.61%) ISO 9001
19 26 (0.55%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 282 (5.94%) Active Directory
2 211 (4.44%) Docker
3 172 (3.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 95 (2.00%) Hyper-V
5 51 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
6 47 (0.99%) Apache Flume
7 25 (0.53%) vSphere
8 21 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
9 18 (0.38%) Firmware
10 17 (0.36%) Snort
10 17 (0.36%) XenApp
11 13 (0.27%) VirtualBox
12 12 (0.25%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 12 (0.25%) Xen
13 11 (0.23%) NFS
14 9 (0.19%) Samba
14 9 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
14 9 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
15 7 (0.15%) KVM
16 6 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 185 (3.90%) Kubernetes
2 160 (3.37%) Ansible
3 157 (3.31%) Puppet
4 113 (2.38%) Opscode Chef
5 110 (2.32%) Terraform
6 106 (2.23%) SCCM
7 104 (2.19%) Nessus
8 77 (1.62%) QRadar
9 49 (1.03%) Oozie
10 42 (0.88%) SCOM
11 32 (0.67%) McAfee ePO
12 24 (0.51%) CSIRT
12 24 (0.51%) Nagios
13 23 (0.48%) CASB
13 23 (0.48%) FortiGate
14 22 (0.46%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
14 22 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
15 21 (0.44%) Computer Incident Response Team
15 21 (0.44%) EnCase
16 19 (0.40%) WSUS
Vendors
1 589 (12.41%) Microsoft
2 367 (7.73%) Splunk
3 331 (6.97%) Cisco
4 247 (5.20%) VMware
5 184 (3.88%) Google
6 125 (2.63%) Palo Alto
7 119 (2.51%) ServiceNow
8 115 (2.42%) LogRhythm
9 105 (2.21%) Symantec
10 94 (1.98%) CyberArk
11 81 (1.71%) McAfee
12 76 (1.60%) Citrix
12 76 (1.60%) Qualys
13 70 (1.47%) ArcSight
14 69 (1.45%) Juniper
15 65 (1.37%) CheckPoint
16 62 (1.31%) Oracle
16 62 (1.31%) Red Hat
17 61 (1.28%) Fortinet
18 54 (1.14%) NetApp