Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 127 193 186
Rank change year-on-year +66 -7 +165
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,443 3,328 3,560
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.65% 1.87% 1.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.92% 2.05% 2.03%
Number of salaries quoted 3,254 2,653 2,738
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - -4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £33,825 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £92,350 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - -4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 152,403 162,668 175,194
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.04% 91.56% 90.88%
Number of salaries quoted 121,268 128,305 146,204
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +62 4,129 £57,500 - 811
UK excluding London +77 2,279 £50,000 - 604
London +47 2,032 £65,000 - 263
South East +20 647 £55,000 +4.76% 167
North of England +105 461 £50,000 - 137
East of England +177 392 £47,500 -17.39% 53
South West +40 354 £45,000 -5.26% 89
North West +44 279 £52,500 - 69
Midlands +48 217 £53,750 +7.50% 103
Yorkshire +122 168 £47,500 +15.85% 58
Scotland +54 154 £60,000 +4.35% 31
West Midlands -2 129 £45,000 -10.00% 77
East Midlands +58 83 £57,500 +17.95% 25
Wales +28 45 £40,210 -15.35% 24
Northern Ireland +14 14 £45,000 -12.20% 1
North East -4 14 £58,750 +109.82% 10
Isle of Man - 5 £55,000 -
Channel Islands -9 1 £45,000 -40.00%

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,712 (38.53%) Information Security
2 1,310 (29.48%) CISSP
3 981 (22.08%) Firewall
4 935 (21.04%) SIEM
5 882 (19.85%) Windows
6 877 (19.74%) Finance
7 839 (18.88%) Degree
8 800 (18.01%) Linux
9 795 (17.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 735 (16.54%) Agile Software Development
11 712 (16.03%) CISM
12 627 (14.11%) Risk Management
13 600 (13.50%) Security Operations
14 599 (13.48%) Security Cleared
15 598 (13.46%) Python
16 580 (13.05%) Vulnerability Management
17 526 (11.84%) Penetration Testing
18 509 (11.46%) Management Information System
19 502 (11.30%) Microsoft
20 478 (10.76%) Java
21 448 (10.08%) Network Security
22 431 (9.70%) Problem-Solving
23 428 (9.63%) Analytical Skills
24 404 (9.09%) CISA
25 384 (8.64%) ITIL
26 379 (8.53%) Computer Science
27 378 (8.51%) GDPR
28 361 (8.13%) Security Architecture
29 345 (7.77%) TCP/IP
30 334 (7.52%) JavaScript

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
2 81 (1.82%) Apache Spark
3 75 (1.69%) SharePoint
4 55 (1.24%) Apache
5 54 (1.22%) MS Exchange
6 47 (1.06%) Apache Pig
7 46 (1.04%) Confluence
8 36 (0.81%) Tomcat
9 34 (0.77%) IIS
10 31 (0.70%) WebLogic
11 21 (0.47%) nginx
11 21 (0.47%) Skype for Business
11 21 (0.47%) WebSphere
12 17 (0.38%) JBoss
13 13 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
13 13 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2010
13 13 (0.29%) WordPress
14 6 (0.14%) CMS
15 5 (0.11%) SAS
16 4 (0.090%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 116 (2.61%) Microsoft Office
2 38 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 17 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.023%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.023%) OrCAD
6 1 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.023%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 13 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.11%) SAP GRC
4 3 (0.068%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.068%) Magento
5 2 (0.045%) Actimize
5 2 (0.045%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.045%) PlanetPress Connect
5 2 (0.045%) Sage 50
5 2 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.023%) Concordance
6 1 (0.023%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.023%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.023%) Relativity
6 1 (0.023%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.023%) Sage 200
6 1 (0.023%) SunGard APT
6 1 (0.023%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 313 (7.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 256 (5.76%) Amazon AWS
3 190 (4.28%) Office 365
4 152 (3.42%) SaaS
5 119 (2.68%) PaaS
6 99 (2.23%) IaaS
7 56 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
8 43 (0.97%) Mimecast
9 32 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
10 18 (0.41%) Serverless
11 14 (0.32%) OpenShift
12 13 (0.29%) G Suite
12 13 (0.29%) IBM Cloud
13 11 (0.25%) Dynamics 365
14 9 (0.20%) Amazon EC2
14 9 (0.20%) Amazon S3
14 9 (0.20%) AWS CloudFormation
15 8 (0.18%) OneDrive
16 6 (0.14%) GitHub
17 4 (0.090%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 981 (22.08%) Firewall
2 448 (10.08%) Network Security
3 345 (7.77%) TCP/IP
4 227 (5.11%) Intrusion Detection
5 160 (3.60%) DNS
6 132 (2.97%) Internet
7 126 (2.84%) WAN
8 118 (2.66%) VPN
9 117 (2.63%) LAN
10 113 (2.54%) SSL
11 108 (2.43%) HTTP
12 75 (1.69%) Wireshark
13 67 (1.51%) DHCP
14 64 (1.44%) Wireless
15 52 (1.17%) MPLS
16 51 (1.15%) SNMP
17 49 (1.10%) VLAN
18 45 (1.01%) Wi-Fi
19 44 (0.99%) VoIP
20 41 (0.92%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 304 (6.84%) Big Data
2 193 (4.34%) Hadoop
3 182 (4.10%) SQL Server
4 129 (2.90%) MySQL
5 84 (1.89%) Apache Hive
6 45 (1.01%) NoSQL
6 45 (1.01%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 39 (0.88%) HBase
8 35 (0.79%) PostgreSQL
9 30 (0.68%) Blockchain
10 29 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
11 28 (0.63%) MongoDB
12 26 (0.59%) QlikView
13 24 (0.54%) Neo4j
14 22 (0.50%) Text Mining
15 20 (0.45%) Relational Database
16 18 (0.41%) DB2
17 16 (0.36%) Redis
18 13 (0.29%) Impala
18 13 (0.29%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 148 (3.33%) JIRA
2 130 (2.93%) Selenium
3 126 (2.84%) Git (software)
4 85 (1.91%) Jenkins
5 68 (1.53%) Bitbucket
6 66 (1.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 51 (1.15%) Robot Framework
8 43 (0.97%) CodeSonar
8 43 (0.97%) git-flow
9 42 (0.95%) Cucumber
10 40 (0.90%) JUnit
11 37 (0.83%) Metasploit
12 25 (0.56%) Maven
13 21 (0.47%) SoapUI
14 19 (0.43%) Eclipse
14 19 (0.43%) JMeter
15 16 (0.36%) Rational DOORS
15 16 (0.36%) Redmine
15 16 (0.36%) WebDriver
16 14 (0.32%) WiX
General
1 877 (19.74%) Finance
2 250 (5.63%) Banking
3 221 (4.97%) Retail
4 157 (3.53%) Legal
5 118 (2.66%) Telecoms
6 113 (2.54%) Investment Banking
7 93 (2.09%) Law
8 79 (1.78%) Electronics
9 78 (1.76%) Marketing
10 64 (1.44%) Games
11 56 (1.26%) Manufacturing
12 50 (1.13%) Military
13 33 (0.74%) Financial Institution
14 28 (0.63%) Publishing
15 26 (0.59%) Advertising
16 19 (0.43%) Aerospace
17 18 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
18 14 (0.32%) German Language
19 12 (0.27%) Retail Banking
20 11 (0.25%) Billing
Job Titles
1 713 (16.05%) Analyst
2 623 (14.02%) Consultant
3 486 (10.94%) Security Consultant
4 465 (10.47%) Security Engineer
5 403 (9.07%) Security Analyst
6 393 (8.85%) Architect
7 326 (7.34%) Security Manager
8 296 (6.66%) Developer
9 274 (6.17%) Security Architect
10 231 (5.20%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 224 (5.04%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 222 (5.00%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 153 (3.44%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 153 (3.44%) Software Engineer
14 148 (3.33%) Tester
15 134 (3.02%) Senior Consultant
16 133 (2.99%) SOC Analyst
17 120 (2.70%) IT Manager
18 117 (2.63%) Penetration Tester
19 115 (2.59%) Senior Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (3.78%) .NET
2 149 (3.35%) HTML
3 128 (2.88%) Node.js
4 122 (2.75%) AngularJS
5 107 (2.41%) CSS
6 100 (2.25%) Django
7 97 (2.18%) Spring
8 96 (2.16%) Java EE
9 85 (1.91%) REST
10 76 (1.71%) ASP.NET
10 76 (1.71%) Web Services
11 73 (1.64%) SOAP
12 65 (1.46%) SailPoint
13 64 (1.44%) J2EE
14 61 (1.37%) LAMP
15 57 (1.28%) .NET Framework
16 56 (1.26%) React
17 55 (1.24%) STL
18 54 (1.22%) Hibernate
18 54 (1.22%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 509 (11.46%) Management Information System
2 428 (9.63%) Analytical Skills
3 379 (8.53%) Computer Science
4 300 (6.75%) Security Operations Centre
5 210 (4.73%) Cyberthreat
6 203 (4.57%) Self-Motivation
7 197 (4.43%) PKI
8 152 (3.42%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 147 (3.31%) Fintech
10 128 (2.88%) Data Centre
10 128 (2.88%) Data Protection Act
11 119 (2.68%) Cyberattack
12 79 (1.78%) Cyber Kill Chain
13 71 (1.60%) Cybercrime
14 67 (1.51%) Cyber Defence
15 65 (1.46%) Hybrid Cloud
16 55 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
16 55 (1.24%) Robotics
17 54 (1.22%) Tandem
18 48 (1.08%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 882 (19.85%) Windows
2 800 (18.01%) Linux
3 228 (5.13%) Windows Server
4 176 (3.96%) Unix
5 114 (2.57%) Apple iOS
6 105 (2.36%) Mac OS X
7 102 (2.30%) Android
8 85 (1.91%) Windows Server 2012
9 77 (1.73%) Windows Server 2008
10 54 (1.22%) Windows 7
11 51 (1.15%) CentOS
12 48 (1.08%) Windows 10
13 43 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 25 (0.56%) Solaris
15 22 (0.50%) AIX
16 21 (0.47%) Ubuntu
17 16 (0.36%) Kali Linux
18 14 (0.32%) Windows Phone
19 10 (0.23%) Debian
19 10 (0.23%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,712 (38.53%) Information Security
2 935 (21.04%) SIEM
3 735 (16.54%) Agile Software Development
4 627 (14.11%) Risk Management
5 600 (13.50%) Security Operations
6 580 (13.05%) Vulnerability Management
7 526 (11.84%) Penetration Testing
8 431 (9.70%) Problem-Solving
9 384 (8.64%) ITIL
10 361 (8.13%) Security Architecture
11 324 (7.29%) Data Loss Prevention
12 322 (7.25%) Data Protection
13 314 (7.07%) Software Engineering
14 311 (7.00%) Stakeholder Management
15 302 (6.80%) Identity Access Management
16 293 (6.59%) Continuous Improvement
17 289 (6.50%) DevOps
18 276 (6.21%) Analytics
19 271 (6.10%) Project Management
20 245 (5.51%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 598 (13.46%) Python
2 478 (10.76%) Java
3 334 (7.52%) JavaScript
4 319 (7.18%) C
5 305 (6.86%) SQL
6 297 (6.68%) C#
7 262 (5.90%) C++
8 248 (5.58%) PowerShell
9 153 (3.44%) Bash Shell
10 125 (2.81%) Perl
11 96 (2.16%) PHP
12 84 (1.89%) Ruby
13 71 (1.60%) Objective-C
14 43 (0.97%) Shell Script
15 39 (0.88%) BeanShell
15 39 (0.88%) Embedded C
16 32 (0.72%) Go
17 29 (0.65%) Embedded C++
18 27 (0.61%) Java 8
19 22 (0.50%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,310 (29.48%) CISSP
2 839 (18.88%) Degree
3 712 (16.03%) CISM
4 599 (13.48%) Security Cleared
5 404 (9.09%) CISA
6 332 (7.47%) CEH
7 309 (6.95%) Cisco Certification
8 305 (6.86%) SANS
9 279 (6.28%) GIAC
10 272 (6.12%) SC Cleared
11 228 (5.13%) DV Cleared
12 219 (4.93%) CompTIA Security+
13 208 (4.68%) Computer Science Degree
14 192 (4.32%) CCNA
15 175 (3.94%) SSCP
16 168 (3.78%) CREST Certified
17 139 (3.13%) Microsoft Certification
18 121 (2.72%) MCSE
19 116 (2.61%) CRISC
20 114 (2.57%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 795 (17.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 378 (8.51%) GDPR
3 303 (6.82%) PCI DSS
4 145 (3.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 141 (3.17%) Cyber Essentials
6 130 (2.93%) COBIT
7 101 (2.27%) QA
8 60 (1.35%) SLA
9 47 (1.06%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 32 (0.72%) ISO 9001
11 25 (0.56%) NIST 800
12 21 (0.47%) GPG13
12 21 (0.47%) JSP 440
12 21 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 19 (0.43%) MiFID
14 16 (0.36%) ISAE 3402
15 15 (0.34%) SSAE 16
16 14 (0.32%) IASME
17 13 (0.29%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
18 12 (0.27%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 264 (5.94%) Active Directory
2 190 (4.28%) Docker
3 146 (3.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 81 (1.82%) vSphere
5 78 (1.76%) Hyper-V
6 70 (1.58%) Virtual Machines
7 46 (1.04%) HDFS
8 39 (0.88%) VMware ESXi
9 38 (0.86%) Snort
10 29 (0.65%) VMware NSX
11 22 (0.50%) iptables
12 16 (0.36%) NFS
12 16 (0.36%) Samba
13 14 (0.32%) Apache Flume
14 12 (0.27%) Firmware
15 11 (0.25%) KVM
15 11 (0.25%) XenDesktop
16 9 (0.20%) BitLocker
16 9 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
17 7 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 150 (3.38%) QRadar
2 134 (3.02%) Puppet
3 83 (1.87%) Ansible
3 83 (1.87%) Nessus
4 76 (1.71%) SCCM
5 67 (1.51%) Kubernetes
6 58 (1.31%) Salt
7 51 (1.15%) RSA Security Analytics
8 38 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
9 33 (0.74%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 33 (0.74%) Norton AntiVirus
10 32 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
11 30 (0.68%) WSUS
12 29 (0.65%) Nagios
13 26 (0.59%) SCOM
14 25 (0.56%) CSIRT
15 24 (0.54%) Kibana
16 22 (0.50%) vCenter Server
17 20 (0.45%) SCOrch
18 19 (0.43%) OSSEC
Vendors
1 502 (11.30%) Microsoft
2 273 (6.14%) Cisco
3 264 (5.94%) Splunk
3 264 (5.94%) VMware
4 201 (4.52%) Qualys
5 154 (3.47%) Symantec
6 102 (2.30%) Oracle
7 98 (2.21%) Palo Alto
7 98 (2.21%) Red Hat
8 82 (1.85%) Sophos
9 72 (1.62%) Juniper
10 68 (1.53%) McAfee
11 63 (1.42%) Tableau
12 61 (1.37%) ArcSight
13 60 (1.35%) SolarWinds
14 58 (1.31%) LogRhythm
15 57 (1.28%) ServiceNow
16 54 (1.22%) Fortinet
17 53 (1.19%) SAP
18 52 (1.17%) Google