Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 166 184 271
Rank change year-on-year +18 +87 +271
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 3,641 3,289 2,530
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.12% 1.87% 1.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.36% 2.09% 1.37%
Number of salaries quoted 2,861 2,496 1,806
UK median annual salary £56,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.83% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% -9.09% +10.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 154,446 157,552 185,134
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.85% 89.54% 88.87%
Number of salaries quoted 124,126 130,212 153,462
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 3,434 £57,500 -4.17% 541
London +45 1,971 £62,500 -7.41% 237
UK excluding London -10 1,536 £47,500 -5.00% 315
South East -1 589 £52,500 -4.55% 89
South West -72 260 £45,000 -10.00% 48
North of England +11 258 £45,000 - 70
East of England +103 169 £47,500 - 32
North West -3 166 £47,500 +5.56% 33
Midlands -12 152 £50,000 +5.26% 60
West Midlands -36 112 £50,000 - 41
Yorkshire +24 87 £41,500 -17.00% 29
Scotland -15 84 £38,750 -3.13% 13
East Midlands +32 38 £55,000 +26.44% 19
Wales +23 25 £47,500 +11.76% 3
North East -17 5 £28,000 -37.78% 8
Northern Ireland -15 2 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,435 (39.41%) Information Security
2 985 (27.05%) CISSP
3 840 (23.07%) Finance
4 776 (21.31%) SIEM
5 725 (19.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 704 (19.34%) Firewall
7 668 (18.35%) CISM
8 667 (18.32%) Degree
9 666 (18.29%) Windows
10 627 (17.22%) Linux
11 537 (14.75%) Agile Software Development
12 536 (14.72%) Penetration Testing
13 521 (14.31%) Security Operations
14 447 (12.28%) Risk Management
15 446 (12.25%) Security Cleared
16 445 (12.22%) Python
17 427 (11.73%) Network Security
18 424 (11.65%) Data Protection
19 383 (10.52%) Management Information System
20 362 (9.94%) Microsoft
21 357 (9.80%) Java
22 350 (9.61%) ITIL
23 342 (9.39%) Security Architecture
24 321 (8.82%) Analytical Skills
25 317 (8.71%) Computer Science
26 315 (8.65%) Vulnerability Management
27 312 (8.57%) Cyberthreat
28 305 (8.38%) TCP/IP
29 303 (8.32%) CISA
30 281 (7.72%) PCI DSS

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (2.53%) Apache Spark
2 69 (1.90%) MS Exchange
3 68 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
4 53 (1.46%) SharePoint
5 24 (0.66%) IIS
6 22 (0.60%) Apache
7 20 (0.55%) Apache Pig
7 20 (0.55%) Skype for Business
8 17 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2010
9 12 (0.33%) Confluence
9 12 (0.33%) NetWeaver
10 10 (0.27%) SharePoint Server
11 8 (0.22%) Mongoose
12 7 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2013
12 7 (0.19%) nginx
12 7 (0.19%) WordPress
13 5 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2007
13 5 (0.14%) SharePoint 2010
14 4 (0.11%) JBoss
15 3 (0.082%) CMS
Applications
1 105 (2.88%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 13 (0.36%) Photoshop
4 9 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
4 9 (0.25%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.027%) InVision
5 1 (0.027%) Mathcad
5 1 (0.027%) OmniGraffle
5 1 (0.027%) Revit
Business Applications
1 12 (0.33%) SAP GRC
2 4 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.11%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.082%) assyst
4 2 (0.055%) Workfront
5 1 (0.027%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.027%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.027%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.027%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 237 (6.51%) Amazon AWS
2 161 (4.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 122 (3.35%) Office 365
4 121 (3.32%) SaaS
5 89 (2.44%) IaaS
6 71 (1.95%) PaaS
7 46 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
8 21 (0.58%) Mimecast
9 10 (0.27%) OneDrive
10 9 (0.25%) Amazon S3
11 8 (0.22%) G Suite
12 7 (0.19%) Google Cloud Platform
12 7 (0.19%) OpenShift
12 7 (0.19%) Slack
13 6 (0.16%) Dynamics 365
14 5 (0.14%) Azure Active Directory
14 5 (0.14%) Boomi
14 5 (0.14%) IBM Cloud
14 5 (0.14%) Serverless
15 4 (0.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 704 (19.34%) Firewall
2 427 (11.73%) Network Security
3 305 (8.38%) TCP/IP
4 146 (4.01%) DNS
5 144 (3.95%) WAN
6 132 (3.63%) Intrusion Detection
7 125 (3.43%) LAN
8 119 (3.27%) Internet
9 96 (2.64%) DHCP
10 93 (2.55%) VPN
11 69 (1.90%) Wireless
12 58 (1.59%) SMTP
13 56 (1.54%) HTTP
14 52 (1.43%) SAN
15 46 (1.26%) SSL
16 40 (1.10%) VLAN
17 31 (0.85%) MPLS
18 30 (0.82%) VoIP
19 28 (0.77%) Ethernet
20 27 (0.74%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (4.61%) Big Data
2 93 (2.55%) PostgreSQL
3 90 (2.47%) SQL Server
4 85 (2.33%) MongoDB
4 85 (2.33%) NoSQL
5 61 (1.68%) Hadoop
6 46 (1.26%) MySQL
7 41 (1.13%) Blockchain
8 32 (0.88%) HBase
9 31 (0.85%) Apache Hive
10 24 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
11 13 (0.36%) Relational Database
12 11 (0.30%) SQL Server 2012
13 9 (0.25%) Amazon Redshift
13 9 (0.25%) DB2
13 9 (0.25%) Oracle Database
13 9 (0.25%) RDBMS
13 9 (0.25%) SQL Server 2008
14 7 (0.19%) Data Mining
15 6 (0.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 74 (2.03%) Git (software)
2 54 (1.48%) Selenium
3 48 (1.32%) JIRA
4 34 (0.93%) Metasploit
5 32 (0.88%) Cucumber
6 31 (0.85%) Burp Suite
7 23 (0.63%) Jenkins
8 19 (0.52%) WebDriver
9 15 (0.41%) JUnit
9 15 (0.41%) Visual Studio
10 14 (0.38%) Subversion
11 13 (0.36%) Redmine
12 11 (0.30%) Bitbucket
12 11 (0.30%) Eclipse
12 11 (0.30%) git-flow
12 11 (0.30%) Maven
13 10 (0.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 10 (0.27%) CodeSonar
13 10 (0.27%) Robot Framework
14 9 (0.25%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 840 (23.07%) Finance
2 237 (6.51%) Legal
3 220 (6.04%) Banking
4 117 (3.21%) Retail
5 107 (2.94%) Law
6 88 (2.42%) Telecoms
7 79 (2.17%) Marketing
8 68 (1.87%) Investment Banking
9 51 (1.40%) Games
10 38 (1.04%) Publishing
10 38 (1.04%) Retail Banking
11 27 (0.74%) Aerospace
11 27 (0.74%) Financial Institution
12 26 (0.71%) Manufacturing
12 26 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
13 24 (0.66%) Advertising
14 14 (0.38%) French Language
15 12 (0.33%) Electronics
15 12 (0.33%) Military
16 10 (0.27%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 670 (18.40%) Analyst
2 463 (12.72%) Security Analyst
3 440 (12.08%) Consultant
4 381 (10.46%) Security Manager
5 333 (9.15%) Developer
6 329 (9.04%) Security Consultant
7 306 (8.40%) Security Engineer
8 254 (6.98%) Architect
9 179 (4.92%) Cybersecurity Analyst
10 171 (4.70%) Cybersecurity Manager
11 170 (4.67%) Security Architect
12 134 (3.68%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 130 (3.57%) IT Manager
14 118 (3.24%) Senior Consultant
15 115 (3.16%) IT Analyst
16 110 (3.02%) Security Specialist
17 108 (2.97%) Information Manager
17 108 (2.97%) IT Security Manager
18 107 (2.94%) Information Security Manager
19 105 (2.88%) Cybersecurity Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (3.82%) HTML
2 104 (2.86%) .NET
3 103 (2.83%) Node.js
4 99 (2.72%) CSS
5 93 (2.55%) Natural Language Processing
6 90 (2.47%) AngularJS
7 86 (2.36%) Spring
8 74 (2.03%) Django
9 70 (1.92%) RabbitMQ
9 70 (1.92%) REST
10 67 (1.84%) Web Services
11 61 (1.68%) jQuery
12 59 (1.62%) Hibernate
13 53 (1.46%) HTML5
14 50 (1.37%) React
15 31 (0.85%) Java EE
15 31 (0.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 28 (0.77%) CSS3
16 28 (0.77%) RESTful
17 26 (0.71%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 383 (10.52%) Management Information System
2 321 (8.82%) Analytical Skills
3 317 (8.71%) Computer Science
4 312 (8.57%) Cyberthreat
5 197 (5.41%) Security Operations Centre
6 174 (4.78%) Data Centre
7 154 (4.23%) Cyberattack
8 104 (2.86%) Data Protection Act
9 76 (2.09%) Fintech
10 68 (1.87%) PKI
11 61 (1.68%) Cyber Defence
11 61 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
12 52 (1.43%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 47 (1.29%) CESG
14 41 (1.13%) Public Cloud
15 39 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
15 39 (1.07%) User Experience
16 38 (1.04%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
17 31 (0.85%) Cybercrime
18 30 (0.82%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 666 (18.29%) Windows
2 627 (17.22%) Linux
3 213 (5.85%) Unix
4 207 (5.69%) Windows Server
5 100 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 74 (2.03%) Android
7 49 (1.35%) Windows Server 2008
8 46 (1.26%) Windows Server 2012
9 45 (1.24%) Mac OS X
10 32 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 27 (0.74%) Ubuntu
11 27 (0.74%) Windows 10
12 26 (0.71%) Kali Linux
13 25 (0.69%) CentOS
13 25 (0.69%) Windows 7
14 15 (0.41%) Solaris
15 13 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
16 12 (0.33%) VMS
17 10 (0.27%) VxWorks
18 9 (0.25%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,435 (39.41%) Information Security
2 776 (21.31%) SIEM
3 537 (14.75%) Agile Software Development
4 536 (14.72%) Penetration Testing
5 521 (14.31%) Security Operations
6 447 (12.28%) Risk Management
7 424 (11.65%) Data Protection
8 350 (9.61%) ITIL
9 342 (9.39%) Security Architecture
10 315 (8.65%) Vulnerability Management
11 266 (7.31%) DevOps
12 262 (7.20%) Project Management
13 245 (6.73%) Analytics
14 234 (6.43%) Identity Access Management
15 217 (5.96%) Incident Management
16 215 (5.90%) Stakeholder Management
17 213 (5.85%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
17 213 (5.85%) Threat Intelligence
18 204 (5.60%) Machine Learning
19 200 (5.49%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 445 (12.22%) Python
2 357 (9.80%) Java
3 260 (7.14%) C#
4 236 (6.48%) C++
5 234 (6.43%) JavaScript
6 220 (6.04%) C
7 208 (5.71%) SQL
8 143 (3.93%) PowerShell
9 142 (3.90%) Ruby
10 118 (3.24%) Bash Shell
11 96 (2.64%) PHP
12 79 (2.17%) Perl
13 52 (1.43%) Shell Script
14 50 (1.37%) Go
15 32 (0.88%) Objective-C
16 19 (0.52%) Scala
17 16 (0.44%) Korn
18 15 (0.41%) VB.NET
19 13 (0.36%) T-SQL
20 9 (0.25%) VB
Qualifications
1 985 (27.05%) CISSP
2 668 (18.35%) CISM
3 667 (18.32%) Degree
4 446 (12.25%) Security Cleared
5 303 (8.32%) CISA
6 258 (7.09%) SC Cleared
7 218 (5.99%) GIAC
8 203 (5.58%) SANS
9 193 (5.30%) Computer Science Degree
10 185 (5.08%) CEH
11 145 (3.98%) Cisco Certification
12 139 (3.82%) DV Cleared
13 124 (3.41%) GCIH
14 119 (3.27%) CompTIA Security+
15 112 (3.08%) CREST Certified
16 105 (2.88%) CRISC
17 96 (2.64%) SSCP
18 91 (2.50%) Microsoft Certification
19 79 (2.17%) CCNA
20 75 (2.06%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 725 (19.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 281 (7.72%) PCI DSS
3 260 (7.14%) GDPR
4 131 (3.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 109 (2.99%) Cyber Essentials
6 99 (2.72%) COBIT
7 64 (1.76%) NIST 800
8 58 (1.59%) QA
9 46 (1.26%) PMO
10 41 (1.13%) SLA
11 35 (0.96%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 29 (0.80%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 25 (0.69%) ISO 22301
14 22 (0.60%) GPG13
15 18 (0.49%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 15 (0.41%) ISO 9001
16 15 (0.41%) SSAE 16
17 12 (0.33%) ISO 31000
18 11 (0.30%) RMADS
19 10 (0.27%) JSP 440
System Software
1 223 (6.12%) Active Directory
2 159 (4.37%) Docker
3 93 (2.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (1.46%) Hyper-V
5 52 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
6 47 (1.29%) vSphere
7 40 (1.10%) Snort
8 28 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
9 16 (0.44%) HDFS
10 14 (0.38%) NFS
10 14 (0.38%) VMware NSX
11 13 (0.36%) Samba
12 10 (0.27%) Firmware
13 8 (0.22%) ProxySG
13 8 (0.22%) XenApp
14 4 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
15 3 (0.082%) iptables
16 2 (0.055%) Apache Flume
16 2 (0.055%) KVM
16 2 (0.055%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 96 (2.64%) Kubernetes
2 78 (2.14%) Puppet
3 75 (2.06%) Nessus
4 66 (1.81%) Ansible
5 58 (1.59%) CSIRT
6 53 (1.46%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 48 (1.32%) QRadar
7 48 (1.32%) SCCM
8 29 (0.80%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 29 (0.80%) McAfee ePO
9 28 (0.77%) Nmap
10 26 (0.71%) SCOM
10 26 (0.71%) Terraform
11 21 (0.58%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 19 (0.52%) Suricata
13 18 (0.49%) Norton AntiVirus
13 18 (0.49%) vCenter Server
14 17 (0.47%) FortiGate
15 15 (0.41%) Nagios
16 14 (0.38%) Salt
Vendors
1 362 (9.94%) Microsoft
2 186 (5.11%) Cisco
3 174 (4.78%) VMware
4 124 (3.41%) Splunk
5 92 (2.53%) Sophos
6 88 (2.42%) CheckPoint
7 86 (2.36%) Palo Alto
8 77 (2.11%) Oracle
9 76 (2.09%) ArcSight
10 65 (1.79%) McAfee
11 62 (1.70%) FireEye
12 55 (1.51%) Apple
13 52 (1.43%) Symantec
14 50 (1.37%) Citrix
15 45 (1.24%) Blue Coat
15 45 (1.24%) Fortinet
16 43 (1.18%) Qualys
17 41 (1.13%) F5
18 36 (0.99%) Google
19 34 (0.93%) SolarWinds