Period
to 15 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 96 139 192
Rank change year-on-year +43 +53 +3
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,661 4,128 3,169
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.24% 2.41% 1.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.53% 2.62% 2.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,292 3,267 2,585
UK median annual salary £58,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.74% - -4.17%
10th Percentile £34,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.00% - -9.09%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,194 157,810 157,392
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.02% 91.97% 91.69%
Number of salaries quoted 103,599 127,053 128,464
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 4,259 £58,500 +1.74% 644
UK excluding London +84 2,702 £54,000 +8.00% 524
London +11 1,764 £70,000 +7.69% 185
South East +45 724 £55,000 +1.38% 127
South West +61 535 £55,000 +22.22% 70
North of England +58 477 £52,500 +5.00% 112
Midlands +145 442 £47,500 -12.84% 100
West Midlands +123 316 £47,500 -10.80% 72
North West +47 281 £50,000 -4.76% 57
East of England +80 279 £50,000 - 50
Yorkshire +33 181 £55,000 +22.22% 45
Scotland +25 162 £55,000 - 25
East Midlands +91 126 £54,000 -4.00% 28
Wales +19 41 £50,000 - 29
Northern Ireland +3 38 £70,000 +55.56% 11
North East +28 14 £48,096 -19.84% 10

For the 6 months to 15 June 2019, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,436 (30.81%) Information Security
2 977 (20.96%) Degree
3 966 (20.73%) Finance
4 943 (20.23%) CISSP
5 919 (19.72%) Linux
6 853 (18.30%) Firewall
7 818 (17.55%) Windows
8 765 (16.41%) Security Cleared
9 761 (16.33%) Agile Software Development
10 710 (15.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 699 (15.00%) SIEM
12 613 (13.15%) Penetration Testing
13 611 (13.11%) CISM
14 571 (12.25%) Microsoft
15 569 (12.21%) Security Operations
16 568 (12.19%) Management Information System
17 538 (11.54%) Python
18 524 (11.24%) Microsoft Azure
19 518 (11.11%) Risk Management
20 514 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
21 488 (10.47%) Analytical Skills
22 474 (10.17%) Amazon AWS
23 458 (9.83%) Security Architecture
24 436 (9.35%) SC Cleared
25 430 (9.23%) Java
26 413 (8.86%) ITIL
27 408 (8.75%) Network Security
28 406 (8.71%) Project Management
29 405 (8.69%) GDPR
30 388 (8.32%) DevOps

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (2.10%) SharePoint
2 94 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
3 75 (1.61%) Tomcat
4 61 (1.31%) Apache
4 61 (1.31%) MS Exchange
5 52 (1.12%) Apache Spark
6 42 (0.90%) OpenStack
7 41 (0.88%) IIS
8 37 (0.79%) Confluence
9 30 (0.64%) Skype for Business
10 28 (0.60%) WebLogic
11 24 (0.51%) WebSphere
12 16 (0.34%) Apache Solr
12 16 (0.34%) JBoss
13 14 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
14 13 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2007
15 10 (0.21%) WordPress
16 9 (0.19%) ExpressionEngine
17 8 (0.17%) Exchange Server 2010
18 7 (0.15%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 81 (1.74%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.086%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.064%) Gephi
6 3 (0.064%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.043%) Sketch
8 1 (0.021%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.021%) InVision
8 1 (0.021%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 23 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
3 8 (0.17%) nopCommerce
4 6 (0.13%) SAP GRC
5 5 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.064%) SAP IBP
6 3 (0.064%) Unit4 Business World
7 2 (0.043%) Actimize
7 2 (0.043%) assyst
7 2 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.043%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.043%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.021%) Postilion
8 1 (0.021%) Relativity
8 1 (0.021%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.021%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.021%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 524 (11.24%) Microsoft Azure
2 474 (10.17%) Amazon AWS
3 233 (5.00%) Office 365
4 210 (4.51%) SaaS
5 121 (2.60%) Google Cloud Platform
6 108 (2.32%) IaaS
7 106 (2.27%) PaaS
8 58 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
9 49 (1.05%) OpenShift
10 35 (0.75%) Azure Active Directory
11 33 (0.71%) Serverless
12 20 (0.43%) OneDrive
13 18 (0.39%) Power Platform
14 14 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
14 14 (0.30%) Dynamics 365
14 14 (0.30%) IBM Cloud
14 14 (0.30%) Mimecast
15 13 (0.28%) AWS CloudFormation
16 12 (0.26%) Dropbox
16 12 (0.26%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 853 (18.30%) Firewall
2 408 (8.75%) Network Security
3 298 (6.39%) TCP/IP
4 233 (5.00%) Internet
5 207 (4.44%) Intrusion Detection
6 176 (3.78%) WAN
7 168 (3.60%) VPN
8 158 (3.39%) DNS
9 149 (3.20%) LAN
10 91 (1.95%) Wireless
11 76 (1.63%) HTTP
12 74 (1.59%) VLAN
13 65 (1.39%) WLAN
14 63 (1.35%) DHCP
15 62 (1.33%) Unified Communications
16 61 (1.31%) MPLS
17 60 (1.29%) SAN
18 57 (1.22%) IPsec
19 55 (1.18%) SSL
20 54 (1.16%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (4.40%) Big Data
2 170 (3.65%) SQL Server
3 72 (1.54%) NoSQL
4 64 (1.37%) MySQL
5 56 (1.20%) Blockchain
6 52 (1.12%) MongoDB
7 47 (1.01%) Hadoop
8 31 (0.67%) SQL Server 2016
9 27 (0.58%) HBase
10 22 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
11 19 (0.41%) PostgreSQL
12 17 (0.36%) Apache Cassandra
12 17 (0.36%) Apache Hive
13 15 (0.32%) Relational Database
14 14 (0.30%) Impala
14 14 (0.30%) SQL Server 2012
15 11 (0.24%) DB2
16 8 (0.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 8 (0.17%) Data Mining
16 8 (0.17%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 134 (2.87%) Git (software)
2 106 (2.27%) JIRA
3 105 (2.25%) Jenkins
4 75 (1.61%) Selenium
5 58 (1.24%) git-flow
6 57 (1.22%) Bitbucket
7 30 (0.64%) Cucumber
8 28 (0.60%) JUnit
9 25 (0.54%) Bitbucket Server
9 25 (0.54%) TeamCity
10 24 (0.51%) JMeter
11 22 (0.47%) Maven
12 21 (0.45%) Subversion
12 21 (0.45%) Visual Studio
13 18 (0.39%) LoadRunner
14 16 (0.34%) Burp Suite
15 15 (0.32%) SoapUI
16 14 (0.30%) Team Foundation Server
17 13 (0.28%) SpecFlow
18 12 (0.26%) Metasploit
General
1 966 (20.73%) Finance
2 231 (4.96%) Banking
3 210 (4.51%) Telecoms
4 206 (4.42%) Retail
5 144 (3.09%) Legal
5 144 (3.09%) Marketing
6 116 (2.49%) Manufacturing
7 81 (1.74%) Aerospace
8 70 (1.50%) Games
9 52 (1.12%) Law
10 49 (1.05%) Electronics
10 49 (1.05%) Military
11 30 (0.64%) Billing
12 28 (0.60%) Automotive
13 27 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 27 (0.58%) Publishing
14 24 (0.51%) Local Government
15 21 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
16 18 (0.39%) Multimedia
17 15 (0.32%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 653 (14.01%) Analyst
2 640 (13.73%) Consultant
3 510 (10.94%) Architect
4 450 (9.65%) Security Analyst
5 388 (8.32%) Security Consultant
6 385 (8.26%) Security Manager
7 343 (7.36%) Security Engineer
8 317 (6.80%) Developer
9 287 (6.16%) Security Architect
10 223 (4.78%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 213 (4.57%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 193 (4.14%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 182 (3.90%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 163 (3.50%) Solutions Architect
15 137 (2.94%) Security Specialist
16 134 (2.87%) Software Engineer
17 126 (2.70%) Project Manager
18 118 (2.53%) IT Manager
19 106 (2.27%) Tester
20 105 (2.25%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (2.57%) HTML
2 117 (2.51%) AngularJS
3 115 (2.47%) Node.js
4 114 (2.45%) .NET
5 112 (2.40%) REST
6 111 (2.38%) Web Services
7 106 (2.27%) Spring
8 91 (1.95%) CSS
9 79 (1.69%) ASP.NET
10 74 (1.59%) RESTful
11 69 (1.48%) React
12 65 (1.39%) SailPoint
13 56 (1.20%) SOAP
14 52 (1.12%) Kafka
15 44 (0.94%) Vue.js
16 43 (0.92%) XML
17 41 (0.88%) Hibernate
18 38 (0.82%) .NET Framework
18 38 (0.82%) LDAP
18 38 (0.82%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 568 (12.19%) Management Information System
2 488 (10.47%) Analytical Skills
3 278 (5.96%) Cyberthreat
4 245 (5.26%) Data Centre
5 211 (4.53%) Security Operations Centre
6 192 (4.12%) Self-Motivation
7 152 (3.26%) Cyberattack
8 114 (2.45%) Public Cloud
9 96 (2.06%) CESG
10 95 (2.04%) Hybrid Cloud
10 95 (2.04%) Internet of Things
11 85 (1.82%) Driving Licence
12 84 (1.80%) PKI
13 78 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
14 77 (1.65%) Cyber Kill Chain
15 75 (1.61%) Mobile App
16 74 (1.59%) Cyber Defence
17 70 (1.50%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
18 55 (1.18%) Greenfield Project
19 50 (1.07%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 919 (19.72%) Linux
2 818 (17.55%) Windows
3 210 (4.51%) Windows Server
4 207 (4.44%) Unix
5 93 (2.00%) Android
6 90 (1.93%) Apple iOS
7 82 (1.76%) Windows 10
8 71 (1.52%) Windows Server 2012
9 60 (1.29%) CentOS
9 60 (1.29%) Windows Server 2008
10 51 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 44 (0.94%) Windows 7
12 41 (0.88%) Ubuntu
13 29 (0.62%) Mac OS
14 26 (0.56%) AIX
15 20 (0.43%) Solaris
16 18 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
17 16 (0.34%) Mac OS X
18 15 (0.32%) FreeRTOS
19 13 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,436 (30.81%) Information Security
2 761 (16.33%) Agile Software Development
3 699 (15.00%) SIEM
4 613 (13.15%) Penetration Testing
5 569 (12.21%) Security Operations
6 518 (11.11%) Risk Management
7 514 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
8 458 (9.83%) Security Architecture
9 413 (8.86%) ITIL
10 406 (8.71%) Project Management
11 388 (8.32%) DevOps
12 353 (7.57%) Vulnerability Management
13 347 (7.44%) Software Engineering
14 334 (7.17%) Stakeholder Management
15 310 (6.65%) Data Protection
16 297 (6.37%) TOGAF
17 290 (6.22%) Identity Access Management
18 268 (5.75%) Analytics
19 257 (5.51%) Threat Intelligence
20 255 (5.47%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 538 (11.54%) Python
2 430 (9.23%) Java
3 357 (7.66%) C
4 265 (5.69%) C++
5 255 (5.47%) PowerShell
6 248 (5.32%) SQL
7 216 (4.63%) JavaScript
8 211 (4.53%) C#
9 166 (3.56%) Bash Shell
10 70 (1.50%) Perl
11 54 (1.16%) Embedded C
12 49 (1.05%) Shell Script
13 48 (1.03%) Embedded C++
14 41 (0.88%) Go
14 41 (0.88%) Ruby
15 39 (0.84%) PHP
16 20 (0.43%) R
17 18 (0.39%) Scala
18 10 (0.21%) Java 8
18 10 (0.21%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 977 (20.96%) Degree
2 943 (20.23%) CISSP
3 765 (16.41%) Security Cleared
4 611 (13.11%) CISM
5 436 (9.35%) SC Cleared
6 357 (7.66%) CISA
7 332 (7.12%) Cisco Certification
8 251 (5.39%) SANS
9 245 (5.26%) DV Cleared
10 224 (4.81%) CEH
11 202 (4.33%) CREST Certified
12 192 (4.12%) CCNA
13 182 (3.90%) GIAC
14 168 (3.60%) Computer Science Degree
15 157 (3.37%) CESG Certified Professional
16 135 (2.90%) OSCP
17 133 (2.85%) Microsoft Certification
18 121 (2.60%) CRISC
19 119 (2.55%) CCNP
20 112 (2.40%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 710 (15.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 405 (8.69%) GDPR
3 365 (7.83%) NIST
4 284 (6.09%) PCI DSS
5 156 (3.35%) Cyber Essentials
6 106 (2.27%) QA
7 93 (2.00%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 83 (1.78%) COBIT
9 77 (1.65%) SLA
10 69 (1.48%) NCSC
11 68 (1.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 58 (1.24%) JSP 440
12 58 (1.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 45 (0.97%) HMG Infosec
14 40 (0.86%) HIPAA
15 34 (0.73%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 34 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 31 (0.67%) ISO 22301
16 31 (0.67%) ISO 9001
17 25 (0.54%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 317 (6.80%) Active Directory
2 204 (4.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 169 (3.63%) Docker
4 83 (1.78%) Hyper-V
5 52 (1.12%) vSphere
6 42 (0.90%) Firmware
7 40 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
8 36 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
9 19 (0.41%) Snort
9 19 (0.41%) Virtual Servers
10 18 (0.39%) XenApp
11 16 (0.34%) XenDesktop
12 13 (0.28%) Apache Flume
13 10 (0.21%) NFS
13 10 (0.21%) Samba
14 9 (0.19%) VirtualBox
14 9 (0.19%) VMware Workstation
15 8 (0.17%) Xen
16 7 (0.15%) DFS Replication
16 7 (0.15%) iptables
Systems Management
1 159 (3.41%) Puppet
2 158 (3.39%) Ansible
3 124 (2.66%) Kubernetes
4 114 (2.45%) Nessus
5 107 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
6 99 (2.12%) SCCM
7 48 (1.03%) Terraform
8 46 (0.99%) QRadar
9 40 (0.86%) McAfee ePO
10 39 (0.84%) SCOM
11 38 (0.82%) Nagios
12 30 (0.64%) CASB
12 30 (0.64%) Computer Incident Response Team
12 30 (0.64%) CSIRT
13 27 (0.58%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
13 27 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
14 26 (0.56%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 24 (0.51%) Norton AntiVirus
16 22 (0.47%) EnCase
16 22 (0.47%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 571 (12.25%) Microsoft
2 352 (7.55%) Cisco
3 269 (5.77%) VMware
4 259 (5.56%) Splunk
5 116 (2.49%) Google
6 107 (2.30%) Symantec
7 98 (2.10%) Palo Alto
8 97 (2.08%) LogRhythm
8 97 (2.08%) Oracle
9 91 (1.95%) McAfee
9 91 (1.95%) Qualys
10 84 (1.80%) Red Hat
11 81 (1.74%) CheckPoint
12 79 (1.69%) IBM
13 76 (1.63%) SAP
14 69 (1.48%) Citrix
15 67 (1.44%) Juniper
16 64 (1.37%) ServiceNow
17 63 (1.35%) NetApp
18 59 (1.27%) Meraki