Period
to 17 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
17 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 69 102
Rank change year-on-year +17 +33 +53
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,361 3,899 4,701
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.83% 4.05% 3.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.21% 4.39% 3.50%
Number of salaries quoted 2,258 2,964 3,284
10th Percentile £38,250 £28,825 £33,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £59,500 £58,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.04% +1.71% +1.74%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,826 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.43% - +5.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,718 88,864 134,500
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.81% 92.32% 92.41%
Number of salaries quoted 62,249 71,468 106,530
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +19 3,785 £62,500 +4.17% 937
UK excluding London +29 2,782 £54,826 +4.43% 885
London -3 1,268 £70,000 - 280
North of England +26 645 £55,000 +10.00% 161
South East +6 551 £52,500 -4.55% 182
Work from Home -25 521 £67,500 +8.00% 140
Midlands +16 504 £55,000 +6.80% 116
South West +8 433 £52,500 +5.00% 133
West Midlands +9 346 £56,006 +1.83% 57
North West +26 337 £55,000 +10.00% 92
East of England +34 258 £62,500 +25.00% 67
Yorkshire +15 234 £47,500 -13.64% 59
Scotland +19 226 £58,750 +11.90% 189
East Midlands +28 152 £45,000 -2.70% 59
Wales +37 113 £42,500 -19.05% 28
North East +37 78 £55,000 +10.00% 10
Northern Ireland +27 51 £42,500 -15.00% 6
Channel Islands +6 3 £85,000 -52.78% 3

For the 6 months to 17 May 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,190 (27.29%) Microsoft
2 837 (19.19%) Information Security
3 752 (17.24%) Social Skills
4 693 (15.89%) Agile Software Development
5 673 (15.43%) Java
6 670 (15.36%) Azure
7 634 (14.54%) Finance
8 596 (13.67%) Oracle
9 581 (13.32%) Web Development
10 550 (12.61%) CISSP
11 540 (12.38%) CIW
12 507 (11.63%) CSS
13 504 (11.56%) HTML
14 501 (11.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 485 (11.12%) SIEM
16 484 (11.10%) AWS
17 480 (11.01%) Firewall
18 469 (10.75%) Security Cleared
19 451 (10.34%) Linux
20 438 (10.04%) HTML5
21 427 (9.79%) Security Operations
22 417 (9.56%) Java 8
23 414 (9.49%) DevOps
24 411 (9.42%) Degree
25 409 (9.38%) Oracle Certification
26 408 (9.36%) OCA
26 408 (9.36%) Java SE
26 408 (9.36%) OCAJ
27 406 (9.31%) Driving Licence
28 393 (9.01%) Windows

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (2.29%) Confluence
2 65 (1.49%) SharePoint
3 57 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
4 40 (0.92%) MS Exchange
5 30 (0.69%) IIS
6 17 (0.39%) nginx
7 14 (0.32%) Apache Spark
8 10 (0.23%) Apache
8 10 (0.23%) CMS
9 9 (0.21%) OpenStack
10 8 (0.18%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2010
11 6 (0.14%) JBoss
12 4 (0.092%) Skype for Business
13 3 (0.069%) Apache Pulsar
13 3 (0.069%) Appian
13 3 (0.069%) Camunda
13 3 (0.069%) NServiceBus
13 3 (0.069%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.069%) SAS
Applications
1 69 (1.58%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.60%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.16%) Figma
6 6 (0.14%) Gephi
7 5 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.11%) AutoCAD
7 5 (0.11%) GIMP
7 5 (0.11%) Inkscape
7 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.069%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (0.44%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.23%) NetSuite
3 8 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.14%) Primavera
5 4 (0.092%) SAP CRM
6 3 (0.069%) Sage 200
6 3 (0.069%) SAP GRC
7 2 (0.046%) SAP Business One
7 2 (0.046%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.023%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.023%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.023%) JDE OneWorld
8 1 (0.023%) Radian6
8 1 (0.023%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 670 (15.36%) Azure
2 484 (11.10%) AWS
3 262 (6.01%) Microsoft 365
4 224 (5.14%) SaaS
5 135 (3.10%) GCP
6 90 (2.06%) IaaS
7 89 (2.04%) PaaS
8 71 (1.63%) Azure Active Directory
9 53 (1.22%) Serverless
10 47 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
11 44 (1.01%) GitHub
12 40 (0.92%) Power Platform
13 39 (0.89%) Azure Sentinel
14 28 (0.64%) Mimecast
15 22 (0.50%) PowerApps
16 20 (0.46%) Amazon S3
16 20 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
16 20 (0.46%) Heroku
17 19 (0.44%) AWS IoT
18 17 (0.39%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 480 (11.01%) Firewall
2 207 (4.75%) Network Security
3 153 (3.51%) Wireless
4 128 (2.94%) DNS
5 112 (2.57%) Intrusion Detection
6 107 (2.45%) TCP/IP
7 102 (2.34%) Internet
8 93 (2.13%) VPN
9 92 (2.11%) WAN
10 91 (2.09%) LAN
11 56 (1.28%) DHCP
11 56 (1.28%) HTTP
12 43 (0.99%) SSL
13 33 (0.76%) Unified Communications
14 32 (0.73%) VLAN
15 27 (0.62%) FTP
15 27 (0.62%) SAN
15 27 (0.62%) SMTP
16 26 (0.60%) Wi-Fi
17 25 (0.57%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (4.01%) Big Data
2 60 (1.38%) SQL Server
3 44 (1.01%) MySQL
4 36 (0.83%) PostgreSQL
5 35 (0.80%) NoSQL
6 31 (0.71%) Relational Database
7 29 (0.66%) Redis
8 25 (0.57%) Hadoop
9 22 (0.50%) Apache Accumulo
10 20 (0.46%) Data Warehouse
10 20 (0.46%) Power BI
11 18 (0.41%) Amazon RDS
12 15 (0.34%) Blockchain
12 15 (0.34%) Data Mining
12 15 (0.34%) MongoDB
13 12 (0.28%) RDBMS
14 10 (0.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 9 (0.21%) Tableau
16 8 (0.18%) Data Lake
17 6 (0.14%) Impala
Development Applications
1 163 (3.74%) Jenkins
2 142 (3.26%) JIRA
3 87 (1.99%) Git (software)
4 30 (0.69%) Rational DOORS
5 26 (0.60%) GitLab
6 25 (0.57%) Rational Rhapsody
7 24 (0.55%) Metasploit
8 22 (0.50%) Artifactory
9 21 (0.48%) SonarQube
10 19 (0.44%) webpack
11 15 (0.34%) Cypress.io
12 14 (0.32%) Sonatype Nexus
13 13 (0.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 13 (0.30%) Maven
13 13 (0.30%) TeamCity
14 12 (0.28%) Bitbucket
15 11 (0.25%) Burp Suite
16 10 (0.23%) Selenium
16 10 (0.23%) Visual Studio
17 9 (0.21%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 752 (17.24%) Social Skills
2 634 (14.54%) Finance
3 285 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
4 226 (5.18%) Legal
5 213 (4.88%) Public Sector
6 180 (4.13%) Multimedia
7 147 (3.37%) Manufacturing
8 142 (3.26%) Marketing
9 139 (3.19%) Telecoms
10 116 (2.66%) Banking
11 104 (2.38%) Law
12 77 (1.77%) Presentation Skills
13 69 (1.58%) Electronics
14 66 (1.51%) Aerospace
15 64 (1.47%) Retail
16 56 (1.28%) Influencing Skills
17 55 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
18 41 (0.94%) Local Government
19 38 (0.87%) Games
20 32 (0.73%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,188 (27.24%) Trainee
2 609 (13.96%) Developer
3 535 (12.27%) Analyst
4 408 (9.36%) Trainee Developer
5 361 (8.28%) Consultant
6 357 (8.19%) Security Analyst
7 317 (7.27%) Architect
8 282 (6.47%) Security Engineer
9 280 (6.42%) Web Developer
10 272 (6.24%) Trainee Web Developer
11 265 (6.08%) Network Engineer
12 222 (5.09%) Trainee Network Engineer
13 216 (4.95%) Security Manager
14 203 (4.65%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 199 (4.56%) Security Architect
15 199 (4.56%) Security Consultant
16 192 (4.40%) IT Engineer
17 170 (3.90%) Full Stack Developer
18 162 (3.71%) IT Support
19 154 (3.53%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 507 (11.63%) CSS
2 504 (11.56%) HTML
3 438 (10.04%) HTML5
4 408 (9.36%) Java SE
5 124 (2.84%) .NET
6 110 (2.52%) React
7 103 (2.36%) Web Services
8 82 (1.88%) Node.js
9 74 (1.70%) Kafka
10 67 (1.54%) AngularJS
11 63 (1.44%) Apache NiFi
12 55 (1.26%) Django
13 51 (1.17%) REST
13 51 (1.17%) Spring
14 49 (1.12%) RESTful
15 39 (0.89%) Vue.js
16 26 (0.60%) Redux
17 24 (0.55%) WPF
18 23 (0.53%) Spring Boot
19 22 (0.50%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 406 (9.31%) Driving Licence
2 309 (7.09%) Management Information System
3 180 (4.13%) Cyberthreat
4 158 (3.62%) Cyberattack
5 121 (2.77%) Public Cloud
6 96 (2.20%) Security Operations Centre
7 71 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
8 70 (1.61%) Data Centre
8 70 (1.61%) User Experience
9 52 (1.19%) Cyber Defence
9 52 (1.19%) Greenfield Project
10 51 (1.17%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 49 (1.12%) Internet of Things
12 47 (1.08%) Cyber Kill Chain
12 47 (1.08%) Mobile App
13 45 (1.03%) Virtual Team
14 44 (1.01%) Cloud Native
15 37 (0.85%) Analytical Mindset
16 35 (0.80%) PKI
17 33 (0.76%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 451 (10.34%) Linux
2 393 (9.01%) Windows
3 142 (3.26%) Windows Server
4 69 (1.58%) Unix
5 53 (1.22%) Windows 10
6 49 (1.12%) CentOS
7 46 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 40 (0.92%) Android
9 32 (0.73%) Apple iOS
10 27 (0.62%) Windows Server 2012
11 26 (0.60%) VMS
12 24 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
13 19 (0.44%) Ubuntu
14 18 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
15 16 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
16 12 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
17 11 (0.25%) Mac OS
18 10 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
19 8 (0.18%) Windows 7
20 7 (0.16%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 837 (19.19%) Information Security
2 693 (15.89%) Agile Software Development
3 581 (13.32%) Web Development
4 485 (11.12%) SIEM
5 427 (9.79%) Security Operations
6 414 (9.49%) DevOps
7 386 (8.85%) Penetration Testing
8 374 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
9 351 (8.05%) Risk Management
10 327 (7.50%) Software Engineering
11 307 (7.04%) Analytics
12 281 (6.44%) Security Architecture
13 273 (6.26%) Vulnerability Management
14 244 (5.60%) Mentoring
15 234 (5.37%) Stakeholder Management
16 222 (5.09%) Scrum
17 218 (5.00%) Information Assurance
18 217 (4.98%) ITIL
19 213 (4.88%) Project Management
20 198 (4.54%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 673 (15.43%) Java
2 417 (9.56%) Java 8
3 356 (8.16%) Python
4 292 (6.70%) SQL
5 273 (6.26%) C#
6 228 (5.23%) JavaScript
7 184 (4.22%) C
8 148 (3.39%) PowerShell
9 143 (3.28%) C++
10 87 (1.99%) Bash Shell
11 72 (1.65%) TypeScript
12 52 (1.19%) Perl
13 45 (1.03%) Go
13 45 (1.03%) Ruby
14 31 (0.71%) PHP
14 31 (0.71%) Scala
15 19 (0.44%) VBA
16 16 (0.37%) Kotlin
17 15 (0.34%) R
18 14 (0.32%) ES6
Qualifications
1 550 (12.61%) CISSP
2 540 (12.38%) CIW
3 469 (10.75%) Security Cleared
4 411 (9.42%) Degree
5 409 (9.38%) Oracle Certification
6 408 (9.36%) OCA
6 408 (9.36%) OCAJ
7 337 (7.73%) CISM
8 295 (6.76%) Cisco Certification
9 292 (6.70%) SC Cleared
10 264 (6.05%) A+ Certification
11 230 (5.27%) Network+ Certification
12 195 (4.47%) CCNA
13 150 (3.44%) CEH
14 147 (3.37%) CompTIA Security+
15 143 (3.28%) DV Cleared
16 121 (2.77%) CISA
17 80 (1.83%) SANS
18 78 (1.79%) OSCP
19 76 (1.74%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 501 (11.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 306 (7.02%) NIST
3 234 (5.37%) GDPR
4 173 (3.97%) PCI DSS
5 171 (3.92%) Cyber Essentials
6 115 (2.64%) GRC
7 97 (2.22%) NCSC
8 65 (1.49%) SLA
9 58 (1.33%) QA
10 51 (1.17%) COBIT
11 46 (1.05%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 36 (0.83%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 33 (0.76%) JSP 440
14 32 (0.73%) NIST 800
15 28 (0.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 26 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 22 (0.50%) RMADS
18 21 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27005
19 15 (0.34%) SOC 2
20 14 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 250 (5.73%) Active Directory
2 241 (5.53%) Docker
3 99 (2.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (1.19%) Hyper-V
5 25 (0.57%) vSphere
6 22 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
7 18 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
8 17 (0.39%) Virtual Servers
9 11 (0.25%) Snort
9 11 (0.25%) XenDesktop
10 10 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
11 8 (0.18%) DFS Replication
12 7 (0.16%) BitLocker
12 7 (0.16%) VMware NSX
13 6 (0.14%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.14%) Firmware
14 5 (0.11%) RACF
14 5 (0.11%) Squid
14 5 (0.11%) Xen
15 4 (0.092%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 124 (2.84%) Kubernetes
2 100 (2.29%) Ansible
3 97 (2.22%) Terraform
4 74 (1.70%) Nessus
5 54 (1.24%) QRadar
6 41 (0.94%) Single Sign-On
7 33 (0.76%) SCCM
8 32 (0.73%) Microsoft Intune
9 28 (0.64%) Puppet
10 26 (0.60%) Nagios
11 25 (0.57%) SCOM
12 24 (0.55%) CSIRT
13 16 (0.37%) BladeLogic
13 16 (0.37%) Grafana
13 16 (0.37%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 15 (0.34%) Kibana
15 14 (0.32%) CASB
15 14 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
16 12 (0.28%) Prometheus
17 11 (0.25%) Computer Incident Response Team
Vendors
1 1,190 (27.29%) Microsoft
2 596 (13.67%) Oracle
3 352 (8.07%) Cisco
4 156 (3.58%) VMware
5 150 (3.44%) Splunk
6 90 (2.06%) SAP
7 83 (1.90%) Google
8 71 (1.63%) Red Hat
9 67 (1.54%) Citrix
9 67 (1.54%) LogRhythm
10 65 (1.49%) Palo Alto
11 49 (1.12%) CheckPoint
12 46 (1.05%) CyberArk
13 41 (0.94%) Apple
14 38 (0.87%) Adobe
15 37 (0.85%) IBM
15 37 (0.85%) Qualys
16 36 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
17 34 (0.78%) Blue Coat
18 33 (0.76%) AlienVault