Period
to 30 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 30 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 95 156
Rank change year-on-year +25 +61 +40
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,698 4,926 4,001
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.97% 3.30% 2.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.32% 3.58% 2.45%
Number of salaries quoted 3,712 3,554 3,258
Median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,882 £33,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 108,782 137,556 163,435
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.91% 92.23% 92.18%
Number of salaries quoted 86,195 108,320 133,208
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 4,319 £57,500 - 567
UK excluding London +25 2,705 £52,500 - 458
London +21 1,846 £70,000 +3.70% 163
South East +42 782 £55,000 - 76
North of England +39 546 £50,000 - 107
Midlands +20 458 £52,500 +10.53% 69
South West +10 442 £50,000 -9.09% 77
West Midlands +41 351 £55,000 +22.22% 47
North West +45 310 £50,000 - 63
Work from Home +7 271 £62,500 -7.41% 33
East of England +28 225 £50,500 +26.25% 75
Yorkshire +16 205 £55,000 +5.77% 35
Scotland +15 165 £54,500 +3.81% 23
East Midlands -29 107 £47,500 -8.12% 22
Wales +18 80 £52,500 +5.00% 29
North East +24 31 £50,000 +66.67% 9
Northern Ireland +10 17 £50,000 -9.09% 3
Channel Islands - 1 £180,000 -

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,383 (29.44%) Information Security
2 996 (21.20%) CISSP
3 920 (19.58%) Finance
4 815 (17.35%) Firewall
5 782 (16.65%) SIEM
6 765 (16.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 681 (14.50%) CISM
8 677 (14.41%) Degree
9 665 (14.15%) Security Cleared
10 663 (14.11%) Windows
11 652 (13.88%) Azure
12 629 (13.39%) Agile Software Development
13 614 (13.07%) Security Operations
14 605 (12.88%) Linux
15 559 (11.90%) Risk Management
16 535 (11.39%) Python
17 534 (11.37%) AWS
18 525 (11.17%) Microsoft
19 497 (10.58%) Management Information System
20 487 (10.37%) Penetration Testing
21 423 (9.00%) Problem-Solving
22 420 (8.94%) Security Architecture
23 394 (8.39%) SC Cleared
24 384 (8.17%) Analytical Skills
25 377 (8.02%) ITIL
26 372 (7.92%) Analytics
27 363 (7.73%) DevOps
28 358 (7.62%) NIST
29 352 (7.49%) Vulnerability Management
30 338 (7.19%) GDPR

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (1.81%) IIS
2 80 (1.70%) SharePoint
3 53 (1.13%) Apache Spark
4 47 (1.00%) Confluence
4 47 (1.00%) MS Exchange
5 35 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
6 20 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
6 20 (0.43%) OpenStack
7 15 (0.32%) Apache
8 14 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
9 12 (0.26%) JBoss
10 11 (0.23%) CMS
10 11 (0.23%) Skype for Business
11 5 (0.11%) IBM Domino
12 4 (0.085%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (0.085%) Exchange Server 2013
12 4 (0.085%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.085%) WordPress
13 3 (0.064%) Drupal
13 3 (0.064%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 90 (1.92%) Microsoft Office
2 51 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.23%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.13%) Camtasia
6 5 (0.11%) AutoCAD
6 5 (0.11%) Figma
7 4 (0.085%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.043%) Gephi
9 2 (0.043%) HipChat
10 1 (0.021%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 20 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.34%) Relativity
3 13 (0.28%) Veritas eDiscovery
4 5 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.085%) assyst
5 4 (0.085%) Remedy ITSM
5 4 (0.085%) Ringtail
5 4 (0.085%) Visualfiles
6 3 (0.064%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.043%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.043%) Sage 200
8 1 (0.021%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.021%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.021%) Primavera
8 1 (0.021%) Sage 50
8 1 (0.021%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.021%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 1 (0.021%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 652 (13.88%) Azure
2 534 (11.37%) AWS
3 295 (6.28%) Office 365
4 155 (3.30%) SaaS
5 146 (3.11%) GCP
6 128 (2.72%) IaaS
7 115 (2.45%) Cloud Computing
8 102 (2.17%) PaaS
9 55 (1.17%) Serverless
10 46 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
11 39 (0.83%) Power Platform
12 26 (0.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 25 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
13 25 (0.53%) GitHub
14 24 (0.51%) G Suite
14 24 (0.51%) OpenShift
15 22 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
16 20 (0.43%) Mimecast
16 20 (0.43%) PowerApps
17 19 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 815 (17.35%) Firewall
2 326 (6.94%) Network Security
3 268 (5.70%) TCP/IP
4 233 (4.96%) Intrusion Detection
5 193 (4.11%) Internet
6 164 (3.49%) WAN
7 157 (3.34%) DNS
8 134 (2.85%) LAN
9 121 (2.58%) VPN
10 70 (1.49%) DHCP
11 67 (1.43%) HTTP
12 63 (1.34%) Wireless
13 59 (1.26%) BGP
14 56 (1.19%) Wireshark
15 54 (1.15%) Cisco ASA
16 50 (1.06%) SAN
17 47 (1.00%) Unified Communications
18 46 (0.98%) MPLS
19 45 (0.96%) IPsec
19 45 (0.96%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (3.02%) Big Data
2 96 (2.04%) SQL Server
3 44 (0.94%) Blockchain
4 43 (0.92%) Hadoop
5 37 (0.79%) MongoDB
5 37 (0.79%) NoSQL
6 36 (0.77%) Relational Database
7 33 (0.70%) MySQL
8 24 (0.51%) Power BI
9 19 (0.40%) RDBMS
10 18 (0.38%) Apache Cassandra
10 18 (0.38%) EDRMS
11 15 (0.32%) Data Mining
12 14 (0.30%) Data Warehouse
13 12 (0.26%) PostgreSQL
13 12 (0.26%) Redis
13 12 (0.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 11 (0.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 10 (0.21%) Apache Hive
15 10 (0.21%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 109 (2.32%) JIRA
2 70 (1.49%) Jenkins
3 66 (1.40%) Git (software)
4 47 (1.00%) Bitbucket
5 36 (0.77%) Metasploit
6 33 (0.70%) Visual Studio
7 31 (0.66%) Selenium
8 28 (0.60%) git-flow
9 23 (0.49%) Burp Suite
9 23 (0.49%) GitLab
10 17 (0.36%) TeamCity
11 15 (0.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 15 (0.32%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 13 (0.28%) Cucumber
12 13 (0.28%) NUnit
13 12 (0.26%) Team Foundation Server
14 11 (0.23%) Octopus Deploy
15 9 (0.19%) Jasmine
15 9 (0.19%) Protractor
15 9 (0.19%) Subversion
General
1 920 (19.58%) Finance
2 241 (5.13%) Public Sector
3 190 (4.04%) Legal
4 169 (3.60%) Law
5 141 (3.00%) Retail
6 123 (2.62%) Marketing
7 117 (2.49%) Banking
8 107 (2.28%) Telecoms
9 95 (2.02%) Military
10 83 (1.77%) Games
11 73 (1.55%) Aerospace
12 67 (1.43%) Manufacturing
13 38 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 35 (0.74%) Electronics
15 24 (0.51%) Local Government
16 22 (0.47%) Advertising
17 16 (0.34%) French Language
17 16 (0.34%) German Language
18 12 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
19 10 (0.21%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 753 (16.03%) Analyst
2 560 (11.92%) Consultant
3 491 (10.45%) Security Analyst
4 433 (9.22%) Security Engineer
5 388 (8.26%) Security Consultant
6 344 (7.32%) Architect
7 327 (6.96%) Security Manager
8 253 (5.39%) Developer
9 243 (5.17%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 216 (4.60%) Security Architect
11 203 (4.32%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 188 (4.00%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 180 (3.83%) Trainee
14 163 (3.47%) Software Engineer
15 146 (3.11%) Cybersecurity Manager
16 130 (2.77%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 130 (2.77%) SOC Analyst
17 125 (2.66%) IT Manager
17 125 (2.66%) Security Specialist
18 123 (2.62%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (3.79%) .NET
2 145 (3.09%) HTML
3 136 (2.89%) AngularJS
4 124 (2.64%) React
5 111 (2.36%) CSS
6 109 (2.32%) Node.js
7 98 (2.09%) Web Services
8 85 (1.81%) REST
9 59 (1.26%) jQuery
10 58 (1.23%) ASP.NET
11 57 (1.21%) RESTful
12 52 (1.11%) Spring
13 51 (1.09%) HTML5
14 50 (1.06%) XML
15 40 (0.85%) .NET Framework
16 39 (0.83%) SailPoint
16 39 (0.83%) SOAP
17 38 (0.81%) D3.js
18 35 (0.74%) Kafka
19 34 (0.72%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 497 (10.58%) Management Information System
2 384 (8.17%) Analytical Skills
3 245 (5.21%) Cyberthreat
4 220 (4.68%) Driving Licence
5 210 (4.47%) Self-Motivation
6 154 (3.28%) Security Operations Centre
7 145 (3.09%) Data Centre
8 117 (2.49%) Cyber Defence
9 112 (2.38%) Cyberattack
10 111 (2.36%) User Experience
11 105 (2.23%) PKI
12 104 (2.21%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 81 (1.72%) Public Cloud
14 80 (1.70%) Cyber Kill Chain
15 51 (1.09%) CESG
16 49 (1.04%) Greenfield Project
17 48 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
17 48 (1.02%) Hybrid Cloud
18 41 (0.87%) Private Cloud
19 40 (0.85%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 663 (14.11%) Windows
2 605 (12.88%) Linux
3 191 (4.07%) Windows Server
4 153 (3.26%) Unix
5 95 (2.02%) Windows 10
6 73 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
7 55 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 50 (1.06%) Windows Server 2016
9 49 (1.04%) Kali Linux
10 38 (0.81%) Android
11 33 (0.70%) Ubuntu
12 32 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
13 28 (0.60%) Windows 7
14 27 (0.57%) CentOS
15 26 (0.55%) Apple iOS
16 23 (0.49%) Mac OS
17 17 (0.36%) Solaris
18 15 (0.32%) Debian
19 9 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
20 8 (0.17%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,383 (29.44%) Information Security
2 782 (16.65%) SIEM
3 629 (13.39%) Agile Software Development
4 614 (13.07%) Security Operations
5 559 (11.90%) Risk Management
6 487 (10.37%) Penetration Testing
7 423 (9.00%) Problem-Solving
8 420 (8.94%) Security Architecture
9 377 (8.02%) ITIL
10 372 (7.92%) Analytics
11 363 (7.73%) DevOps
12 352 (7.49%) Vulnerability Management
13 313 (6.66%) Threat Intelligence
14 292 (6.22%) Software Engineering
15 288 (6.13%) Stakeholder Management
16 286 (6.09%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
17 285 (6.07%) Project Management
18 277 (5.90%) Security Management
19 242 (5.15%) Risk Assessment
20 231 (4.92%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 535 (11.39%) Python
2 328 (6.98%) Java
3 276 (5.87%) C
4 262 (5.58%) JavaScript
5 245 (5.21%) SQL
6 201 (4.28%) PowerShell
7 188 (4.00%) C#
8 182 (3.87%) C++
9 160 (3.41%) Bash Shell
10 76 (1.62%) Ruby
11 62 (1.32%) Perl
12 61 (1.30%) Go
13 60 (1.28%) PHP
14 41 (0.87%) Scala
15 31 (0.66%) TypeScript
16 25 (0.53%) Java 8
17 21 (0.45%) VB.NET
18 18 (0.38%) Shell Script
19 17 (0.36%) R
20 11 (0.23%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 996 (21.20%) CISSP
2 681 (14.50%) CISM
3 677 (14.41%) Degree
4 665 (14.15%) Security Cleared
5 394 (8.39%) SC Cleared
6 288 (6.13%) CISA
7 282 (6.00%) Cisco Certification
8 195 (4.15%) CEH
9 178 (3.79%) DV Cleared
10 173 (3.68%) CRISC
11 172 (3.66%) CESG Certified Professional
12 127 (2.70%) SANS
13 117 (2.49%) CREST Certified
14 108 (2.30%) CCNA
14 108 (2.30%) CCNP
15 106 (2.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 104 (2.21%) CompTIA Security+
17 102 (2.17%) OSCP
18 96 (2.04%) GIAC
19 81 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 765 (16.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 358 (7.62%) NIST
3 338 (7.19%) GDPR
4 274 (5.83%) PCI DSS
5 159 (3.38%) Cyber Essentials
6 121 (2.58%) COBIT
6 121 (2.58%) QA
7 120 (2.55%) NCSC
8 97 (2.06%) SLA
9 85 (1.81%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 75 (1.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 73 (1.55%) JSP 440
12 46 (0.98%) NIST 800
13 37 (0.79%) ISO 22301
13 37 (0.79%) RMADS
14 34 (0.72%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 26 (0.55%) ISO 9001
16 25 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 16 (0.34%) COSO
17 16 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 302 (6.43%) Active Directory
2 181 (3.85%) Docker
3 157 (3.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 83 (1.77%) Hyper-V
5 37 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (0.62%) Firmware
7 17 (0.36%) Snort
7 17 (0.36%) XenApp
8 11 (0.23%) vSphere
9 10 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
9 10 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
10 8 (0.17%) RACF
10 8 (0.17%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.15%) BitLocker
11 7 (0.15%) ProxySG
11 7 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 6 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.11%) Apache Flume
14 4 (0.085%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 4 (0.085%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 138 (2.94%) Ansible
1 138 (2.94%) Kubernetes
2 111 (2.36%) Terraform
3 94 (2.00%) Nessus
4 64 (1.36%) QRadar
5 61 (1.30%) Puppet
6 60 (1.28%) SCCM
7 52 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
8 32 (0.68%) Nmap
9 28 (0.60%) Microsoft Intune
10 26 (0.55%) EnCase
11 25 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
12 24 (0.51%) FortiGate
13 21 (0.45%) SCOrch
14 20 (0.43%) WSUS
15 19 (0.40%) SCOM
16 18 (0.38%) CSIRT
16 18 (0.38%) FTK
16 18 (0.38%) Nagios
17 17 (0.36%) CASB
Vendors
1 525 (11.17%) Microsoft
2 262 (5.58%) VMware
3 230 (4.90%) Cisco
4 216 (4.60%) Splunk
5 115 (2.45%) Google
6 94 (2.00%) Palo Alto
7 84 (1.79%) LogRhythm
8 67 (1.43%) SolarWinds
9 65 (1.38%) ArcSight
9 65 (1.38%) Red Hat
10 63 (1.34%) Qualys
11 61 (1.30%) CyberArk
12 59 (1.26%) Oracle
13 55 (1.17%) Juniper
14 53 (1.13%) IBM
15 52 (1.11%) Fortinet
16 49 (1.04%) HP
17 47 (1.00%) CheckPoint
18 46 (0.98%) Symantec
19 45 (0.96%) McAfee