Period
to 15 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
15 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 100 163 188
Rank change year-on-year +63 +25 +76
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,738 3,833 3,271
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.13% 2.18% 1.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.41% 2.37% 2.04%
Number of salaries quoted 3,193 3,025 2,506
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% -4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £28,500 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,020 161,418 160,496
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.74% 91.84% 91.32%
Number of salaries quoted 109,576 131,052 132,437
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 15 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 4,346 £55,000 -4.35% 807
UK excluding London +106 2,556 £50,000 - 589
London +9 1,966 £65,000 +4.00% 282
South East +47 682 £55,000 - 168
North of England +137 495 £50,000 +11.11% 123
Midlands +175 471 £45,000 -11.55% 77
South West +67 411 £55,000 +22.22% 102
East of England +82 271 £42,500 -10.53% 55
North West +76 265 £51,892 +9.25% 77
West Midlands +119 263 £45,000 -10.00% 55
Yorkshire +131 217 £50,000 +19.05% 45
East Midlands +139 204 £48,990 -10.93% 22
Scotland +58 158 £52,500 +39.07% 24
Wales +43 47 £45,000 -7.69% 36
Northern Ireland +11 23 £45,000 -33.33% 4
North East +26 13 £30,000 +7.14% 1
Isle of Man - 2 £37,500 -

For the 6 months to 15 February 2019, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,603 (33.83%) Information Security
2 1,047 (22.10%) CISSP
3 971 (20.49%) Finance
4 920 (19.42%) Windows
5 917 (19.35%) Degree
6 889 (18.76%) Linux
7 762 (16.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 757 (15.98%) Firewall
9 676 (14.27%) Agile Software Development
10 665 (14.04%) SIEM
11 644 (13.59%) CISM
12 612 (12.92%) Microsoft
13 595 (12.56%) Risk Management
14 581 (12.26%) Penetration Testing
15 553 (11.67%) Security Cleared
16 529 (11.17%) Java
17 526 (11.10%) Security Operations
18 521 (11.00%) Management Information System
19 520 (10.98%) Problem-Solving
20 492 (10.38%) Python
21 491 (10.36%) Analytical Skills
22 474 (10.00%) Microsoft Azure
23 459 (9.69%) Amazon AWS
24 404 (8.53%) GDPR
25 387 (8.17%) Software Engineering
26 379 (8.00%) ITIL
27 366 (7.72%) C
27 366 (7.72%) Vulnerability Management
28 353 (7.45%) TCP/IP
28 353 (7.45%) Active Directory

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (2.53%) Apache
2 107 (2.26%) SharePoint
3 106 (2.24%) Elasticsearch
4 79 (1.67%) Tomcat
5 71 (1.50%) Confluence
6 49 (1.03%) Apache Spark
7 44 (0.93%) MS Exchange
8 29 (0.61%) WebLogic
9 28 (0.59%) ExpressionEngine
9 28 (0.59%) WordPress
10 27 (0.57%) Apache Solr
11 19 (0.40%) WebSphere
12 15 (0.32%) IIS
13 13 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
14 12 (0.25%) Exchange Server 2007
14 12 (0.25%) Skype for Business
15 11 (0.23%) Apache Pig
15 11 (0.23%) CMS
15 11 (0.23%) OpenStack
16 10 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 114 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 33 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
4 21 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.042%) Acrobat
7 2 (0.042%) InVision
Business Applications
1 32 (0.68%) Distributed Ledger
2 22 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 5 (0.11%) SAP GRC
5 3 (0.063%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.042%) PlanetPress Connect
6 2 (0.042%) Sage 50
7 1 (0.021%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.021%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.021%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.021%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 474 (10.00%) Microsoft Azure
2 459 (9.69%) Amazon AWS
3 244 (5.15%) Office 365
4 226 (4.77%) SaaS
5 118 (2.49%) IaaS
6 97 (2.05%) Google Cloud Platform
7 90 (1.90%) PaaS
8 63 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
9 57 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
10 30 (0.63%) GitHub
11 26 (0.55%) Serverless
12 21 (0.44%) IBM Cloud
13 18 (0.38%) Mimecast
14 17 (0.36%) Dropbox
15 16 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
15 16 (0.34%) Amazon S3
15 16 (0.34%) OpenDNS
16 15 (0.32%) OpenShift
17 12 (0.25%) OneDrive
18 11 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 757 (15.98%) Firewall
2 353 (7.45%) TCP/IP
3 331 (6.99%) Network Security
4 238 (5.02%) Internet
5 162 (3.42%) Intrusion Detection
6 153 (3.23%) WAN
7 149 (3.14%) DNS
8 139 (2.93%) LAN
9 128 (2.70%) VPN
10 96 (2.03%) HTTP
11 69 (1.46%) SSL
12 68 (1.44%) Wireshark
13 64 (1.35%) RS-485
14 62 (1.31%) VoIP
15 60 (1.27%) Wireless
16 58 (1.22%) Modbus
17 55 (1.16%) DHCP
18 52 (1.10%) VLAN
19 45 (0.95%) SAN
20 39 (0.82%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 290 (6.12%) Big Data
2 198 (4.18%) SQL Server
3 121 (2.55%) Hadoop
4 74 (1.56%) MySQL
5 69 (1.46%) Blockchain
6 67 (1.41%) MongoDB
7 62 (1.31%) NoSQL
8 51 (1.08%) SQL Server 2016
9 44 (0.93%) HBase
10 32 (0.68%) PostgreSQL
11 27 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
12 25 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
13 24 (0.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 22 (0.46%) Apache Hive
14 22 (0.46%) DB2
15 18 (0.38%) Neo4j
15 18 (0.38%) Relational Database
16 15 (0.32%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (0.30%) Geospatial Data
18 12 (0.25%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 159 (3.36%) JIRA
2 124 (2.62%) Git (software)
3 107 (2.26%) Selenium
4 105 (2.22%) Jenkins
5 63 (1.33%) Bitbucket
6 60 (1.27%) Maven
7 49 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 48 (1.01%) Robot Framework
9 45 (0.95%) Cucumber
10 42 (0.89%) JUnit
10 42 (0.89%) Visual Studio
11 36 (0.76%) git-flow
12 35 (0.74%) Metasploit
13 33 (0.70%) SoapUI
14 31 (0.65%) JMeter
15 27 (0.57%) Burp Suite
16 21 (0.44%) Subversion
17 19 (0.40%) EasyMock
18 18 (0.38%) TeamCity
19 15 (0.32%) Redmine
General
1 971 (20.49%) Finance
2 265 (5.59%) Retail
3 230 (4.85%) Banking
4 225 (4.75%) Telecoms
5 199 (4.20%) Marketing
6 172 (3.63%) Legal
7 135 (2.85%) Manufacturing
8 95 (2.01%) Law
9 81 (1.71%) Electronics
10 73 (1.54%) Publishing
11 69 (1.46%) Automotive
12 57 (1.20%) Financial Institution
12 57 (1.20%) Military
13 55 (1.16%) Aerospace
14 52 (1.10%) Games
15 30 (0.63%) Investment Banking
16 29 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
17 25 (0.53%) Retail Banking
18 23 (0.49%) Advertising
19 15 (0.32%) Billing
Job Titles
1 714 (15.07%) Analyst
2 507 (10.70%) Consultant
3 465 (9.81%) Architect
4 443 (9.35%) Security Analyst
5 440 (9.29%) Security Engineer
6 365 (7.70%) Security Manager
7 346 (7.30%) Security Consultant
8 313 (6.61%) Developer
9 253 (5.34%) Security Architect
10 249 (5.26%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 222 (4.69%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 173 (3.65%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 171 (3.61%) Software Engineer
14 163 (3.44%) Solutions Architect
15 159 (3.36%) Cybersecurity Manager
16 142 (3.00%) Tester
17 123 (2.60%) Project Manager
18 121 (2.55%) Penetration Tester
19 116 (2.45%) IT Analyst
20 114 (2.41%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (3.29%) Spring
2 143 (3.02%) .NET
3 119 (2.51%) Node.js
4 115 (2.43%) AngularJS
5 112 (2.36%) REST
6 110 (2.32%) Web Services
7 90 (1.90%) HTML
8 84 (1.77%) RESTful
9 73 (1.54%) Hibernate
10 72 (1.52%) SailPoint
11 65 (1.37%) SOAP
12 64 (1.35%) Java EE
13 58 (1.22%) CSS
14 56 (1.18%) J2EE
14 56 (1.18%) RabbitMQ
15 52 (1.10%) ASP.NET
16 46 (0.97%) Django
16 46 (0.97%) LDAP
17 44 (0.93%) .NET Framework
18 42 (0.89%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 521 (11.00%) Management Information System
2 491 (10.36%) Analytical Skills
3 251 (5.30%) Self-Motivation
4 229 (4.83%) Cyberthreat
5 207 (4.37%) Security Operations Centre
6 206 (4.35%) Data Centre
7 183 (3.86%) Cyberattack
8 179 (3.78%) Fintech
9 144 (3.04%) Driving Licence
10 123 (2.60%) Hybrid Cloud
11 87 (1.84%) Mobile App
12 86 (1.82%) Public Cloud
13 82 (1.73%) Embedded Systems
14 76 (1.60%) PKI
15 75 (1.58%) Cyber Kill Chain
16 68 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
17 66 (1.39%) Cyber Defence
18 64 (1.35%) Internet of Things
19 63 (1.33%) Device Driver
20 62 (1.31%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 920 (19.42%) Windows
2 889 (18.76%) Linux
3 214 (4.52%) Unix
4 211 (4.45%) Windows Server
5 120 (2.53%) Windows 10
6 115 (2.43%) Apple iOS
7 110 (2.32%) Android
8 76 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
9 74 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 74 (1.56%) Windows Server 2012
10 66 (1.39%) CentOS
11 58 (1.22%) FreeRTOS
12 53 (1.12%) AIX
12 53 (1.12%) Windows 7
13 47 (0.99%) Mac OS X
14 35 (0.74%) Solaris
15 32 (0.68%) Ubuntu
16 29 (0.61%) Debian
17 20 (0.42%) Kali Linux
18 15 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,603 (33.83%) Information Security
2 676 (14.27%) Agile Software Development
3 665 (14.04%) SIEM
4 595 (12.56%) Risk Management
5 581 (12.26%) Penetration Testing
6 526 (11.10%) Security Operations
7 520 (10.98%) Problem-Solving
8 387 (8.17%) Software Engineering
9 379 (8.00%) ITIL
10 366 (7.72%) Vulnerability Management
11 350 (7.39%) Computer Science
12 332 (7.01%) DevOps
13 326 (6.88%) Security Architecture
14 319 (6.73%) Project Management
15 280 (5.91%) Data Protection
16 268 (5.66%) Identity Access Management
17 263 (5.55%) Analytics
18 255 (5.38%) Stakeholder Management
19 254 (5.36%) Threat Intelligence
20 250 (5.28%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 529 (11.17%) Java
2 492 (10.38%) Python
3 366 (7.72%) C
4 347 (7.32%) PowerShell
5 306 (6.46%) SQL
6 292 (6.16%) C++
7 290 (6.12%) C#
8 223 (4.71%) JavaScript
9 163 (3.44%) Bash Shell
10 96 (2.03%) Perl
11 57 (1.20%) Ruby
12 46 (0.97%) Embedded C
13 45 (0.95%) Go
13 45 (0.95%) PHP
14 39 (0.82%) Embedded C++
15 37 (0.78%) Objective-C
16 31 (0.65%) Shell Script
17 24 (0.51%) Java 8
18 21 (0.44%) VB
19 19 (0.40%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 1,047 (22.10%) CISSP
2 917 (19.35%) Degree
3 644 (13.59%) CISM
4 553 (11.67%) Security Cleared
5 347 (7.32%) CISA
6 326 (6.88%) SANS
7 318 (6.71%) Cisco Certification
8 312 (6.59%) CEH
9 311 (6.56%) SC Cleared
10 227 (4.79%) DV Cleared
11 223 (4.71%) Computer Science Degree
12 216 (4.56%) GIAC
13 211 (4.45%) CREST Certified
14 193 (4.07%) CCNA
15 169 (3.57%) SSCP
16 143 (3.02%) CRISC
17 137 (2.89%) OSCP
18 135 (2.85%) CESG Certified Professional
19 132 (2.79%) CompTIA Security+
20 121 (2.55%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 762 (16.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 404 (8.53%) GDPR
3 254 (5.36%) PCI DSS
4 183 (3.86%) Cyber Essentials
5 139 (2.93%) QA
6 91 (1.92%) SLA
7 81 (1.71%) COBIT
8 68 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 57 (1.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 56 (1.18%) HIPAA
11 26 (0.55%) JSP 440
12 25 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 22 (0.46%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 19 (0.40%) ISO 9001
14 19 (0.40%) NIST 800
15 18 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 16 (0.34%) ISO 22301
17 13 (0.27%) PMO
18 12 (0.25%) HMG Infosec
19 11 (0.23%) MiFID
System Software
1 353 (7.45%) Active Directory
2 241 (5.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 203 (4.28%) Docker
4 89 (1.88%) Hyper-V
5 88 (1.86%) Firmware
6 68 (1.44%) vSphere
7 62 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
8 58 (1.22%) Snort
9 35 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
10 32 (0.68%) XenDesktop
11 24 (0.51%) VMware NSX
12 23 (0.49%) BitLocker
12 23 (0.49%) Microsoft App-V
12 23 (0.49%) VMware Workstation
13 17 (0.36%) XenApp
14 15 (0.32%) DFS Replication
14 15 (0.32%) NFS
14 15 (0.32%) Samba
14 15 (0.32%) Virtual Desktop
15 13 (0.27%) iptables
Systems Management
1 172 (3.63%) Ansible
2 158 (3.33%) Puppet
3 151 (3.19%) Nessus
4 104 (2.20%) SCCM
5 93 (1.96%) Kubernetes
6 86 (1.82%) Opscode Chef
7 59 (1.25%) Norton AntiVirus
8 57 (1.20%) CSIRT
9 50 (1.06%) Nagios
10 49 (1.03%) QRadar
11 47 (0.99%) CASB
11 47 (0.99%) SCOM
12 43 (0.91%) Terraform
13 39 (0.82%) Nmap
14 38 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
15 36 (0.76%) Host Intrusion Detection System
16 33 (0.70%) RSA Security Analytics
17 32 (0.68%) EnCase
18 30 (0.63%) vCenter Server
19 29 (0.61%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 612 (12.92%) Microsoft
2 331 (6.99%) Cisco
3 327 (6.90%) VMware
4 273 (5.76%) Splunk
5 175 (3.69%) Symantec
6 119 (2.51%) Qualys
7 116 (2.45%) Red Hat
8 114 (2.41%) Oracle
9 112 (2.36%) Google
9 112 (2.36%) Palo Alto
10 104 (2.20%) CheckPoint
11 99 (2.09%) IBM
12 89 (1.88%) McAfee
13 83 (1.75%) LogRhythm
14 69 (1.46%) ArcSight
15 68 (1.44%) Citrix
16 67 (1.41%) SAP
17 65 (1.37%) EMC
18 64 (1.35%) Blue Coat
18 64 (1.35%) NetApp