Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 130 191 187
Rank change year-on-year +61 -4 +172
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,373 3,278 3,735
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.51% 1.84% 1.84%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.77% 2.03% 2.04%
Number of salaries quoted 3,346 2,688 2,749
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,925 £36,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - -9.09% +10.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,849 161,235 182,922
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.67% 90.75% 90.02%
Number of salaries quoted 126,086 129,822 152,126
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,056 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.92% +3.28% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +58 4,067 £60,000 +4.35% 743
London +53 2,135 £65,000 - 226
UK excluding London +60 2,119 £50,000 - 574
South East +9 650 £55,000 +10.00% 141
North of England +62 432 £50,000 - 149
East of England +148 333 £47,500 -17.39% 55
South West +30 329 £45,000 -10.00% 77
North West +15 261 £52,448 -0.10% 85
Midlands -10 180 £57,500 +21.05% 95
Yorkshire +113 157 £47,500 - 52
Scotland +25 145 £55,000 +4.76% 39
West Midlands -18 120 £50,000 - 70
East Midlands +29 60 £52,500 +10.53% 24
Wales +18 42 £50,000 +20.48% 15
North East -2 14 £60,000 -4.00% 12
Northern Ireland +11 12 £43,750 -2.78% 3
Isle of Man - 5 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,582 (36.18%) Information Security
2 1,269 (29.02%) CISSP
3 982 (22.46%) Firewall
4 927 (21.20%) Finance
5 905 (20.70%) SIEM
6 842 (19.25%) Degree
7 778 (17.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 775 (17.72%) Windows
9 759 (17.36%) CISM
10 678 (15.50%) Agile Software Development
11 650 (14.86%) Linux
12 607 (13.88%) Risk Management
13 566 (12.94%) Security Cleared
14 564 (12.90%) Security Operations
15 540 (12.35%) Penetration Testing
16 535 (12.23%) Python
17 533 (12.19%) Vulnerability Management
18 457 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
19 454 (10.38%) Management Information System
20 445 (10.18%) Network Security
21 439 (10.04%) CISA
22 435 (9.95%) Microsoft
23 420 (9.60%) Problem-Solving
24 401 (9.17%) Security Architecture
25 398 (9.10%) Java
26 389 (8.90%) GDPR
27 387 (8.85%) ITIL
28 360 (8.23%) Computer Science
29 321 (7.34%) CEH
30 316 (7.23%) Data Protection

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
2 79 (1.81%) Apache Spark
3 66 (1.51%) SharePoint
4 53 (1.21%) MS Exchange
5 48 (1.10%) Apache
6 42 (0.96%) Confluence
7 41 (0.94%) IIS
8 40 (0.91%) Apache Pig
9 37 (0.85%) Tomcat
10 27 (0.62%) Skype for Business
11 24 (0.55%) nginx
12 23 (0.53%) WebLogic
13 19 (0.43%) WordPress
14 18 (0.41%) JBoss
15 15 (0.34%) WebSphere
16 14 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2010
17 12 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
18 10 (0.23%) SharePoint 2013
19 7 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2013
19 7 (0.16%) Mongoose
Applications
1 117 (2.68%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (0.37%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.023%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.023%) InDesign
6 1 (0.023%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.023%) OrCAD
6 1 (0.023%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.023%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 17 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.091%) Magento
4 3 (0.069%) Sage 200
5 2 (0.046%) Actimize
5 2 (0.046%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.046%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.046%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.046%) SAP GRC
6 1 (0.023%) Cerner Millennium
6 1 (0.023%) Concordance
6 1 (0.023%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.023%) Relativity
6 1 (0.023%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.023%) SunGard APT
6 1 (0.023%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 285 (6.52%) Microsoft Azure
2 230 (5.26%) Amazon AWS
3 174 (3.98%) Office 365
4 149 (3.41%) SaaS
5 122 (2.79%) PaaS
6 101 (2.31%) IaaS
7 50 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
8 41 (0.94%) Mimecast
9 34 (0.78%) Google Cloud Platform
10 16 (0.37%) Serverless
11 15 (0.34%) OpenShift
12 13 (0.30%) IBM Cloud
12 13 (0.30%) OneDrive
13 10 (0.23%) Amazon S3
13 10 (0.23%) Dynamics 365
14 7 (0.16%) Amazon EC2
14 7 (0.16%) G Suite
15 6 (0.14%) GitHub
16 5 (0.11%) AWS CloudFormation
17 3 (0.069%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 982 (22.46%) Firewall
2 445 (10.18%) Network Security
3 285 (6.52%) TCP/IP
4 250 (5.72%) Intrusion Detection
5 159 (3.64%) DNS
6 139 (3.18%) Internet
7 111 (2.54%) LAN
8 108 (2.47%) WAN
9 99 (2.26%) SSL
10 91 (2.08%) VPN
11 83 (1.90%) HTTP
12 78 (1.78%) DHCP
13 66 (1.51%) Wireless
14 56 (1.28%) SAN
15 55 (1.26%) MPLS
16 48 (1.10%) VLAN
17 46 (1.05%) VoIP
18 36 (0.82%) Wireshark
19 34 (0.78%) SNMP
20 33 (0.75%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 225 (5.15%) Big Data
2 157 (3.59%) Hadoop
3 145 (3.32%) SQL Server
4 101 (2.31%) MySQL
5 81 (1.85%) Apache Hive
6 53 (1.21%) NoSQL
7 47 (1.07%) MongoDB
8 44 (1.01%) HBase
9 43 (0.98%) PostgreSQL
10 42 (0.96%) Blockchain
11 28 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 27 (0.62%) Data Warehouse
13 25 (0.57%) QlikView
14 21 (0.48%) Redis
14 21 (0.48%) Text Mining
15 15 (0.34%) Relational Database
16 14 (0.32%) Data Mining
17 13 (0.30%) Apache Cassandra
18 12 (0.27%) Impala
18 12 (0.27%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 123 (2.81%) JIRA
2 118 (2.70%) Git (software)
3 87 (1.99%) Selenium
4 77 (1.76%) Jenkins
5 45 (1.03%) Bitbucket
6 44 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 40 (0.91%) Robot Framework
8 39 (0.89%) JUnit
9 32 (0.73%) Metasploit
10 31 (0.71%) CodeSonar
10 31 (0.71%) git-flow
11 24 (0.55%) Maven
12 23 (0.53%) Cucumber
13 21 (0.48%) Eclipse
14 19 (0.43%) WiX
15 13 (0.30%) Ant
15 13 (0.30%) Visual Studio
16 12 (0.27%) Burp Suite
16 12 (0.27%) Rational DOORS
17 11 (0.25%) SoapUI
General
1 927 (21.20%) Finance
2 254 (5.81%) Banking
3 174 (3.98%) Legal
4 167 (3.82%) Retail
5 113 (2.58%) Telecoms
6 104 (2.38%) Law
7 100 (2.29%) Investment Banking
8 81 (1.85%) Games
9 78 (1.78%) Marketing
10 53 (1.21%) Manufacturing
11 38 (0.87%) Financial Institution
12 26 (0.59%) Advertising
13 24 (0.55%) Military
14 23 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
15 20 (0.46%) Billing
16 19 (0.43%) Aerospace
16 19 (0.43%) Publishing
17 18 (0.41%) German Language
18 15 (0.34%) Electronics
19 14 (0.32%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 653 (14.93%) Analyst
2 625 (14.29%) Consultant
3 494 (11.30%) Security Consultant
4 457 (10.45%) Security Engineer
5 417 (9.54%) Security Analyst
6 374 (8.55%) Architect
7 371 (8.48%) Security Manager
8 322 (7.36%) Developer
9 272 (6.22%) Security Architect
10 232 (5.31%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 217 (4.96%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 208 (4.76%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 191 (4.37%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 142 (3.25%) IT Manager
15 141 (3.22%) Security Specialist
16 131 (3.00%) Senior Consultant
17 127 (2.90%) Software Engineer
18 125 (2.86%) Head of Security
19 118 (2.70%) Tester
20 117 (2.68%) IT Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (3.75%) HTML
2 131 (3.00%) CSS
3 127 (2.90%) .NET
4 106 (2.42%) AngularJS
5 105 (2.40%) Node.js
6 87 (1.99%) Spring
7 85 (1.94%) Django
8 68 (1.55%) Java EE
9 67 (1.53%) HTML5
10 64 (1.46%) React
11 63 (1.44%) REST
12 62 (1.42%) ASP.NET
13 58 (1.33%) SailPoint
14 54 (1.23%) LAMP
15 53 (1.21%) Web Services
16 50 (1.14%) J2EE
17 47 (1.07%) jQuery
17 47 (1.07%) SOAP
18 45 (1.03%) STL
19 40 (0.91%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 457 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
2 454 (10.38%) Management Information System
3 360 (8.23%) Computer Science
4 293 (6.70%) Security Operations Centre
5 203 (4.64%) Cyberthreat
6 179 (4.09%) Self-Motivation
7 176 (4.02%) Fintech
8 155 (3.54%) PKI
9 145 (3.32%) Data Centre
10 138 (3.16%) Cyberattack
11 131 (3.00%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 107 (2.45%) Data Protection Act
13 68 (1.55%) Cybercrime
14 66 (1.51%) Cyber Defence
15 62 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
16 52 (1.19%) Cyber Kill Chain
17 51 (1.17%) Mobile App
18 47 (1.07%) Greenfield Project
18 47 (1.07%) Tandem
19 46 (1.05%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 775 (17.72%) Windows
2 650 (14.86%) Linux
3 225 (5.15%) Windows Server
4 185 (4.23%) Unix
5 97 (2.22%) Apple iOS
6 83 (1.90%) Windows Server 2012
7 82 (1.88%) Android
8 77 (1.76%) Mac OS X
9 75 (1.72%) Windows Server 2008
10 59 (1.35%) Windows 7
11 53 (1.21%) Windows 10
12 50 (1.14%) CentOS
13 33 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 26 (0.59%) Ubuntu
15 17 (0.39%) Kali Linux
16 15 (0.34%) Solaris
17 10 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
18 8 (0.18%) Mac OS
18 8 (0.18%) Windows Phone
19 6 (0.14%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,582 (36.18%) Information Security
2 905 (20.70%) SIEM
3 678 (15.50%) Agile Software Development
4 607 (13.88%) Risk Management
5 564 (12.90%) Security Operations
6 540 (12.35%) Penetration Testing
7 533 (12.19%) Vulnerability Management
8 420 (9.60%) Problem-Solving
9 401 (9.17%) Security Architecture
10 387 (8.85%) ITIL
11 316 (7.23%) Data Protection
12 314 (7.18%) Identity Access Management
13 311 (7.11%) Stakeholder Management
14 289 (6.61%) Project Management
15 273 (6.24%) Data Loss Prevention
16 271 (6.20%) Analytics
17 262 (5.99%) Continuous Improvement
18 253 (5.79%) DevOps
19 233 (5.33%) Security Management
20 228 (5.21%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 535 (12.23%) Python
2 398 (9.10%) Java
3 307 (7.02%) JavaScript
4 296 (6.77%) C
5 268 (6.13%) C#
6 256 (5.85%) SQL
7 234 (5.35%) C++
8 196 (4.48%) PowerShell
9 134 (3.06%) Bash Shell
10 106 (2.42%) PHP
11 98 (2.24%) Perl
12 95 (2.17%) Ruby
13 58 (1.33%) Objective-C
14 37 (0.85%) Shell Script
15 31 (0.71%) BeanShell
15 31 (0.71%) Java 8
16 30 (0.69%) VBA
17 26 (0.59%) Go
18 21 (0.48%) Embedded C
19 18 (0.41%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 1,269 (29.02%) CISSP
2 842 (19.25%) Degree
3 759 (17.36%) CISM
4 566 (12.94%) Security Cleared
5 439 (10.04%) CISA
6 321 (7.34%) CEH
7 298 (6.81%) SC Cleared
8 284 (6.49%) SANS
9 283 (6.47%) Cisco Certification
10 229 (5.24%) GIAC
11 197 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
12 171 (3.91%) DV Cleared
13 165 (3.77%) CCNA
14 164 (3.75%) CompTIA Security+
15 145 (3.32%) CREST Certified
16 126 (2.88%) SSCP
17 114 (2.61%) CCNP
18 110 (2.52%) OSCP
19 104 (2.38%) Microsoft Certification
20 102 (2.33%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 778 (17.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 389 (8.90%) GDPR
3 315 (7.20%) PCI DSS
4 137 (3.13%) COBIT
5 120 (2.74%) Cyber Essentials
6 111 (2.54%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 46 (1.05%) QA
8 45 (1.03%) ISO 9001
9 40 (0.91%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 39 (0.89%) SLA
11 35 (0.80%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 32 (0.73%) NIST 800
13 27 (0.62%) ISO 22301
14 26 (0.59%) GCP
15 25 (0.57%) ISAE 3402
16 24 (0.55%) SSAE 16
17 22 (0.50%) HIPAA
18 18 (0.41%) GPG13
19 17 (0.39%) JSP 440
20 16 (0.37%) PMO
System Software
1 232 (5.31%) Active Directory
2 145 (3.32%) Docker
3 129 (2.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 69 (1.58%) Virtual Machines
5 63 (1.44%) vSphere
6 53 (1.21%) Hyper-V
7 44 (1.01%) HDFS
8 21 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
9 20 (0.46%) Snort
10 14 (0.32%) VMware NSX
11 13 (0.30%) Apache Flume
12 11 (0.25%) iptables
13 10 (0.23%) Firmware
14 9 (0.21%) NFS
14 9 (0.21%) Samba
14 9 (0.21%) XenApp
15 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 6 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.11%) Terminal Services
17 4 (0.091%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 124 (2.84%) QRadar
2 100 (2.29%) Puppet
3 91 (2.08%) Nessus
4 64 (1.46%) Ansible
5 62 (1.42%) SCCM
6 50 (1.14%) Kubernetes
7 46 (1.05%) Salt
8 34 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
9 29 (0.66%) SCOM
10 23 (0.53%) Kibana
10 23 (0.53%) Nagios
10 23 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
11 22 (0.50%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 21 (0.48%) CSIRT
13 20 (0.46%) CASB
14 19 (0.43%) HAProxy
14 19 (0.43%) RSA Security Analytics
15 18 (0.41%) McAfee ePO
16 15 (0.34%) Nmap
16 15 (0.34%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 435 (9.95%) Microsoft
2 246 (5.63%) Cisco
3 219 (5.01%) Splunk
4 213 (4.87%) VMware
5 184 (4.21%) Qualys
6 99 (2.26%) Symantec
7 87 (1.99%) McAfee
8 83 (1.90%) Red Hat
9 78 (1.78%) Oracle
10 76 (1.74%) Palo Alto
11 71 (1.62%) Juniper
12 65 (1.49%) Sophos
13 62 (1.42%) ArcSight
14 59 (1.35%) LogRhythm
15 56 (1.28%) SolarWinds
16 51 (1.17%) Citrix
17 49 (1.12%) CheckPoint
17 49 (1.12%) Fortinet
18 47 (1.07%) Tableau
19 42 (0.96%) Apple