Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 61 68 100
Rank change year-on-year +7 +32 +66
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 3,327 4,755 4,756
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.40% 3.89% 3.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.75% 4.23% 3.45%
Number of salaries quoted 2,366 3,821 3,470
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £29,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £92,500 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £51,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +1.94% +3.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 70,071 112,451 137,919
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.58% 92.04% 92.35%
Number of salaries quoted 54,831 90,161 110,278
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 2,904 £62,500 +4.17% 707
UK excluding London +14 1,980 £55,000 +4.76% 495
London +9 1,094 £67,500 -3.57% 261
North of England +25 461 £55,000 +4.76% 94
South East +4 448 £55,000 -8.33% 133
Work from Home -28 410 £65,000 - 147
Midlands +6 348 £57,500 +9.52% 77
North West +32 287 £52,500 +5.00% 47
South West -10 275 £55,000 +10.00% 60
West Midlands -1 252 £62,500 +13.64% 50
East of England +43 177 £57,500 +12.75% 78
Scotland +9 157 £46,000 -12.38% 26
Yorkshire -10 132 £55,000 - 36
East Midlands +22 91 £56,250 +12.50% 27
Wales +23 83 £42,500 -15.00% 24
North East +35 45 £56,645 +13.29% 11
Northern Ireland +27 29 £42,500 -17.07% 3
Channel Islands +5 4 £85,000 -52.78%

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 800 (24.05%) Information Security
2 560 (16.83%) CISSP
3 555 (16.68%) Microsoft
4 534 (16.05%) Finance
5 526 (15.81%) Agile Software Development
6 487 (14.64%) Azure
7 438 (13.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 436 (13.10%) Firewall
9 404 (12.14%) SIEM
10 390 (11.72%) Linux
11 385 (11.57%) Security Operations
12 380 (11.42%) Driving Licence
13 369 (11.09%) Security Cleared
14 360 (10.82%) Degree
15 353 (10.61%) AWS
16 351 (10.55%) Penetration Testing
17 333 (10.01%) Windows
18 328 (9.86%) Management Information System
19 324 (9.74%) NIST
20 322 (9.68%) Risk Management
21 315 (9.47%) CISM
22 306 (9.20%) Cisco
23 304 (9.14%) DevOps
24 290 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
25 282 (8.48%) Python
26 272 (8.18%) Analytical Skills
27 257 (7.72%) Vulnerability Management
28 251 (7.54%) SC Cleared
29 246 (7.39%) A+ Certification
30 238 (7.15%) Analytics

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (1.77%) Confluence
2 52 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
3 45 (1.35%) SharePoint
4 33 (0.99%) MS Exchange
5 18 (0.54%) Apache Spark
6 16 (0.48%) IIS
7 11 (0.33%) Apache
7 11 (0.33%) CMS
8 10 (0.30%) OpenStack
9 8 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2010
11 6 (0.18%) Skype for Business
12 4 (0.12%) Jadu
12 4 (0.12%) nginx
13 3 (0.090%) Appian
13 3 (0.090%) Camunda
13 3 (0.090%) NServiceBus
13 3 (0.090%) Tomcat
14 2 (0.060%) Ethereum
14 2 (0.060%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 40 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.51%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.18%) Gephi
6 5 (0.15%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.030%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (0.36%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.24%) SAP CRM
2 8 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.12%) SAP GRC
4 3 (0.090%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.060%) JDE OneWorld
5 2 (0.060%) Quorum
6 1 (0.030%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.030%) Q-Pulse
6 1 (0.030%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 487 (14.64%) Azure
2 353 (10.61%) AWS
3 194 (5.83%) SaaS
4 192 (5.77%) Microsoft 365
5 86 (2.58%) GCP
6 81 (2.43%) PaaS
7 80 (2.40%) IaaS
8 52 (1.56%) Azure Active Directory
9 35 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
10 32 (0.96%) Serverless
11 27 (0.81%) Mimecast
12 23 (0.69%) Power Platform
13 21 (0.63%) GitHub
14 20 (0.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 16 (0.48%) AWS IoT
16 15 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 15 (0.45%) PowerApps
17 14 (0.42%) Amazon S3
17 14 (0.42%) AWS CloudFormation
18 13 (0.39%) Amazon GuardDuty
Communications & Networking
1 436 (13.10%) Firewall
2 186 (5.59%) Network Security
3 138 (4.15%) Intrusion Detection
4 127 (3.82%) Wireless
5 116 (3.49%) DNS
6 114 (3.43%) LAN
7 102 (3.07%) TCP/IP
8 101 (3.04%) WAN
9 90 (2.71%) VPN
10 88 (2.65%) Internet
11 55 (1.65%) HTTP
12 43 (1.29%) SSL
13 35 (1.05%) DHCP
14 31 (0.93%) VLAN
15 28 (0.84%) Cisco Firepower
16 25 (0.75%) FTP
16 25 (0.75%) SMTP
17 24 (0.72%) Cisco ASA
18 20 (0.60%) IPsec
18 20 (0.60%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (4.09%) Big Data
2 62 (1.86%) MySQL
3 39 (1.17%) NoSQL
4 32 (0.96%) SQL Server
5 25 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
6 24 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
7 20 (0.60%) MongoDB
8 18 (0.54%) PostgreSQL
9 17 (0.51%) Blockchain
9 17 (0.51%) Hadoop
10 16 (0.48%) Power BI
11 14 (0.42%) Relational Database
11 14 (0.42%) Tableau
12 12 (0.36%) Apache Accumulo
13 7 (0.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (0.21%) Apache Cassandra
13 7 (0.21%) Redis
14 6 (0.18%) Apache Hive
14 6 (0.18%) Impala
14 6 (0.18%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 94 (2.83%) Jenkins
2 84 (2.52%) JIRA
3 60 (1.80%) Git (software)
4 16 (0.48%) Metasploit
5 15 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 15 (0.45%) Rational Rhapsody
6 14 (0.42%) TeamCity
6 14 (0.42%) webpack
7 13 (0.39%) Bitbucket
8 12 (0.36%) Maven
9 11 (0.33%) Octopus Deploy
9 11 (0.33%) Team Foundation Server
10 10 (0.30%) Artifactory
10 10 (0.30%) Rational DOORS
10 10 (0.30%) SonarQube
11 9 (0.27%) Burp Suite
12 7 (0.21%) Bitbucket Server
12 7 (0.21%) GitLab
13 6 (0.18%) Cucumber
13 6 (0.18%) git-flow
General
1 534 (16.05%) Finance
2 180 (5.41%) Multimedia
3 165 (4.96%) Public Sector
4 154 (4.63%) Legal
5 129 (3.88%) Manufacturing
6 120 (3.61%) Marketing
7 103 (3.10%) Law
8 98 (2.95%) Banking
9 91 (2.74%) Telecoms
10 70 (2.10%) Aerospace
11 61 (1.83%) Electronics
12 45 (1.35%) Retail
13 40 (1.20%) Local Government
14 33 (0.99%) Games
15 31 (0.93%) Military
16 19 (0.57%) Publishing
17 13 (0.39%) German Language
18 10 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
19 8 (0.24%) Italian Language
20 7 (0.21%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 618 (18.58%) Trainee
2 498 (14.97%) Analyst
3 346 (10.40%) Security Analyst
4 333 (10.01%) Consultant
5 246 (7.39%) Security Engineer
6 241 (7.24%) Architect
7 194 (5.83%) Developer
8 191 (5.74%) Cybersecurity Analyst
8 191 (5.74%) Security Consultant
9 188 (5.65%) Security Manager
10 125 (3.76%) Security Architect
11 122 (3.67%) Network Engineer
12 118 (3.55%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 102 (3.07%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 98 (2.95%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 90 (2.71%) Trainee Analyst
15 90 (2.71%) Trainee Network Engineer
16 89 (2.68%) IT Manager
17 80 (2.40%) Software Engineer
18 79 (2.37%) Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (2.46%) .NET
2 81 (2.43%) Node.js
3 75 (2.25%) CSS
3 75 (2.25%) HTML
4 65 (1.95%) React
5 58 (1.74%) Web Services
6 54 (1.62%) Kafka
7 52 (1.56%) Spring
8 46 (1.38%) AngularJS
9 35 (1.05%) REST
10 34 (1.02%) Apache NiFi
11 27 (0.81%) Redux
12 24 (0.72%) Vue.js
13 22 (0.66%) Spring Boot
14 18 (0.54%) ASP.NET
15 17 (0.51%) RESTful
15 17 (0.51%) SailPoint
16 16 (0.48%) JSON
17 15 (0.45%) LDAP
18 14 (0.42%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 380 (11.42%) Driving Licence
2 328 (9.86%) Management Information System
3 272 (8.18%) Analytical Skills
4 189 (5.68%) Cyberthreat
5 106 (3.19%) Security Operations Centre
6 99 (2.98%) Public Cloud
7 91 (2.74%) Cyberattack
8 64 (1.92%) Data Centre
9 63 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
10 61 (1.83%) User Experience
11 50 (1.50%) Mobile App
12 49 (1.47%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 49 (1.47%) PKI
13 44 (1.32%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 43 (1.29%) Cyber Defence
15 42 (1.26%) Internet of Things
16 35 (1.05%) Enterprise Cloud
17 34 (1.02%) Cloud Native
17 34 (1.02%) Data Protection Act
17 34 (1.02%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 390 (11.72%) Linux
2 333 (10.01%) Windows
3 130 (3.91%) Windows Server
4 95 (2.86%) Unix
5 38 (1.14%) CentOS
6 36 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (1.08%) Windows 10
7 35 (1.05%) Android
8 28 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
9 22 (0.66%) Apple iOS
9 22 (0.66%) Ubuntu
10 19 (0.57%) VMS
11 16 (0.48%) Mac OS
11 16 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
12 12 (0.36%) Mac OS X
12 12 (0.36%) Oracle Linux
13 8 (0.24%) Kali Linux
13 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
14 7 (0.21%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 800 (24.05%) Information Security
2 526 (15.81%) Agile Software Development
3 404 (12.14%) SIEM
4 385 (11.57%) Security Operations
5 351 (10.55%) Penetration Testing
6 322 (9.68%) Risk Management
7 304 (9.14%) DevOps
8 290 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
9 257 (7.72%) Vulnerability Management
10 238 (7.15%) Analytics
11 232 (6.97%) Security Architecture
12 212 (6.37%) Software Engineering
13 208 (6.25%) Threat Intelligence
14 201 (6.04%) Identity Access Management
15 197 (5.92%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
16 184 (5.53%) Stakeholder Management
17 173 (5.20%) ITIL
18 166 (4.99%) Open Source
19 157 (4.72%) Information Assurance
20 154 (4.63%) Security Management
Programming Languages
1 282 (8.48%) Python
2 237 (7.12%) Java
3 174 (5.23%) JavaScript
4 169 (5.08%) C
5 141 (4.24%) SQL
6 117 (3.52%) C++
7 112 (3.37%) PowerShell
8 93 (2.80%) C#
9 73 (2.19%) Bash Shell
10 65 (1.95%) Perl
11 48 (1.44%) PHP
12 27 (0.81%) TypeScript
13 23 (0.69%) Ruby
14 16 (0.48%) Go
14 16 (0.48%) Java 8
14 16 (0.48%) Shell Script
15 13 (0.39%) Scala
16 12 (0.36%) Kotlin
17 11 (0.33%) R
17 11 (0.33%) VBA
Qualifications
1 560 (16.83%) CISSP
2 369 (11.09%) Security Cleared
3 360 (10.82%) Degree
4 315 (9.47%) CISM
5 251 (7.54%) SC Cleared
6 246 (7.39%) A+ Certification
7 164 (4.93%) Cisco Certification
8 136 (4.09%) CEH
9 125 (3.76%) CompTIA Security+
10 119 (3.58%) CISA
11 99 (2.98%) DV Cleared
12 81 (2.43%) CRISC
13 78 (2.34%) Network+ Certification
14 77 (2.31%) CESG Certified Professional
15 76 (2.28%) SANS
16 65 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
17 62 (1.86%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 62 (1.86%) GIAC
18 61 (1.83%) CCNA
18 61 (1.83%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 438 (13.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 324 (9.74%) NIST
3 209 (6.28%) GDPR
4 134 (4.03%) Cyber Essentials
5 130 (3.91%) PCI DSS
6 84 (2.52%) NCSC
7 61 (1.83%) COBIT
8 56 (1.68%) QA
9 46 (1.38%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 40 (1.20%) SLA
11 38 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 33 (0.99%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 33 (0.99%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 26 (0.78%) RMADS
14 25 (0.75%) NIST 800
15 23 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 18 (0.54%) JSP 440
17 17 (0.51%) COSO
18 12 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 20000
19 9 (0.27%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 220 (6.61%) Active Directory
2 183 (5.50%) Docker
3 78 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (0.90%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.42%) BitLocker
5 14 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
7 12 (0.36%) vSphere
8 11 (0.33%) Firmware
8 11 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
9 9 (0.27%) XenApp
10 8 (0.24%) DFS Replication
11 6 (0.18%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.18%) XenDesktop
12 5 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 4 (0.12%) LXC
13 4 (0.12%) Snort
14 3 (0.090%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 3 (0.090%) Xen
15 2 (0.060%) Squid
Systems Management
1 100 (3.01%) Kubernetes
2 85 (2.55%) Ansible
3 79 (2.37%) Terraform
4 65 (1.95%) Nessus
5 50 (1.50%) SCCM
6 31 (0.93%) Puppet
7 30 (0.90%) CSIRT
8 25 (0.75%) QRadar
9 24 (0.72%) Microsoft Intune
10 23 (0.69%) SCOM
11 21 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
12 20 (0.60%) Nagios
13 19 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
14 15 (0.45%) Norton AntiVirus
15 14 (0.42%) CASB
16 12 (0.36%) BladeLogic
16 12 (0.36%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
17 11 (0.33%) Computer Incident Response Team
17 11 (0.33%) Failover Clustering
18 9 (0.27%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
Vendors
1 555 (16.68%) Microsoft
2 306 (9.20%) Cisco
3 139 (4.18%) VMware
4 82 (2.46%) Splunk
5 75 (2.25%) SAP
6 71 (2.13%) Google
7 64 (1.92%) Red Hat
8 63 (1.89%) Oracle
9 47 (1.41%) LogRhythm
10 45 (1.35%) Citrix
11 43 (1.29%) CheckPoint
12 40 (1.20%) IBM
13 39 (1.17%) Sophos
14 38 (1.14%) CyberArk
15 36 (1.08%) Palo Alto
16 33 (0.99%) Symantec
17 32 (0.96%) Adobe
18 30 (0.90%) Qualys
19 28 (0.84%) Apple
19 28 (0.84%) FireEye