Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 70 67 68
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 +31
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 8,675 4,553 3,314
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.83% 4.26% 4.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.07% 4.54% 4.52%
Number of salaries quoted 3,871 2,510 2,526
10th Percentile £36,250 £38,250 £28,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.69%
75th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -4.55%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 171,218 100,289 73,335
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.33% 93.83% 92.91%
Number of salaries quoted 84,584 69,434 59,179
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,744 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +1 6,893 £65,000 +4.00% 644
UK excluding London +12 4,518 £57,500 +4.55% 478
Work from Home +37 3,689 £64,000 -1.54% 281
London +3 2,973 £75,000 +7.14% 204
South East +30 1,243 £60,000 +9.09% 109
North of England +13 1,101 £57,500 +4.55% 122
Midlands +8 712 £47,500 -9.52% 85
North West +23 688 £62,500 +12.96% 68
South West +6 618 £60,000 +14.29% 61
West Midlands +10 530 £47,500 -13.64% 41
Scotland +4 459 £60,000 -7.69% 21
Yorkshire +14 392 £52,500 +10.53% 42
East of England -46 259 £65,000 -7.14% 54
Wales +7 193 £57,500 +30.68% 20
East Midlands -7 179 £47,500 +5.56% 44
Northern Ireland -14 55 £50,000 +18.34% 6
North East -48 29 £63,000 +14.55% 12
Channel Islands -12 1 £60,000 -29.41%

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 2,592 (29.88%) Agile
2 2,506 (28.89%) Azure
3 2,349 (27.08%) Social Skills
4 2,289 (26.39%) Information Security
5 2,266 (26.12%) Microsoft
6 2,234 (25.75%) Finance
7 1,934 (22.29%) Degree
8 1,902 (21.93%) AWS
9 1,704 (19.64%) DevOps
10 1,486 (17.13%) Python
11 1,283 (14.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1,246 (14.36%) Security Cleared
13 1,237 (14.26%) Risk Management
14 1,215 (14.01%) SIEM
15 1,179 (13.59%) Analytics
16 1,068 (12.31%) Mentoring
17 1,061 (12.23%) CISSP
18 1,029 (11.86%) Java
19 997 (11.49%) Management Information System
20 985 (11.35%) Computer Science
21 973 (11.22%) Problem-Solving
22 970 (11.18%) NIST
23 945 (10.89%) Windows
24 940 (10.84%) Project Management
25 921 (10.62%) Security Operations
26 900 (10.37%) Linux
27 897 (10.34%) Firewall
28 863 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
28 863 (9.95%) Big Data
29 803 (9.26%) QA

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 190 (2.19%) SharePoint
2 83 (0.96%) Confluence
3 72 (0.83%) Apache Spark
4 59 (0.68%) Apache
5 48 (0.55%) IIS
6 32 (0.37%) MS Exchange
7 31 (0.36%) Jetty
8 19 (0.22%) OpenStack
9 14 (0.16%) JBoss
9 14 (0.16%) nginx
9 14 (0.16%) WebSphere
10 12 (0.14%) WebSphere Application Server
11 10 (0.12%) Apache Airflow
11 10 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (0.12%) CMS
12 9 (0.10%) Ethereum
12 9 (0.10%) SharePoint 2013
12 9 (0.10%) SharePoint Server
13 8 (0.092%) WordPress
14 4 (0.046%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 359 (4.14%) Microsoft Office
2 134 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 91 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 41 (0.47%) MS Visio
5 17 (0.20%) Adobe XD
5 17 (0.20%) Sketch
6 14 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 10 (0.12%) CATIA
7 10 (0.12%) Simulink
8 5 (0.058%) Campfire
8 5 (0.058%) InVision
9 3 (0.035%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.023%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.023%) Stata
11 1 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 26 (0.30%) JDE OneWorld
2 14 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 10 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.092%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 6 (0.069%) Dynamics NAV
5 6 (0.069%) SAP GRC
6 5 (0.058%) Infor M3
6 5 (0.058%) Maximo
7 4 (0.046%) Magento
7 4 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.035%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.035%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.023%) Elite 3E
9 2 (0.023%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.023%) SAP MDG
9 2 (0.023%) Veritas eDiscovery
9 2 (0.023%) WebTrends
10 1 (0.012%) Distributed Ledger
10 1 (0.012%) Payment Gateway
10 1 (0.012%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 2,506 (28.89%) Azure
2 1,902 (21.93%) AWS
3 791 (9.12%) GCP
4 697 (8.03%) Microsoft 365
5 493 (5.68%) SaaS
6 318 (3.67%) Serverless
7 273 (3.15%) Power Platform
8 261 (3.01%) Azure DevOps
9 248 (2.86%) PaaS
10 244 (2.81%) Cloud Computing
11 221 (2.55%) Azure Sentinel
12 215 (2.48%) Azure Active Directory
13 205 (2.36%) IaaS
14 109 (1.26%) AWS Lambda
15 100 (1.15%) Azure Data Factory
16 95 (1.10%) GitHub
17 87 (1.00%) Azure Machine Learning
18 81 (0.93%) Mimecast
19 63 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 60 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 897 (10.34%) Firewall
2 520 (5.99%) Network Security
3 251 (2.89%) Intrusion Detection
4 225 (2.59%) WAN
5 201 (2.32%) TCP/IP
6 196 (2.26%) Internet
7 194 (2.24%) VPN
8 184 (2.12%) DNS
9 173 (1.99%) LAN
10 117 (1.35%) Wireless
11 89 (1.03%) DHCP
12 78 (0.90%) Wi-Fi
13 77 (0.89%) SSL
14 74 (0.85%) Broadband
15 73 (0.84%) SD-WAN
16 53 (0.61%) HTTP
16 53 (0.61%) VLAN
17 43 (0.50%) Ethernet
18 37 (0.43%) HTTPS
18 37 (0.43%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 863 (9.95%) Big Data
2 213 (2.46%) SQL Server
3 180 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
4 150 (1.73%) Power BI
5 114 (1.31%) NoSQL
6 92 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
7 83 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
8 75 (0.86%) MongoDB
9 74 (0.85%) MySQL
10 73 (0.84%) Relational Database
11 71 (0.82%) Data Lake
12 68 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
13 62 (0.71%) Redis
14 59 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 55 (0.63%) Tableau
16 54 (0.62%) Metadata
17 46 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
18 42 (0.48%) Data Mining
19 40 (0.46%) Hadoop
20 39 (0.45%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 322 (3.71%) Git (software)
2 280 (3.23%) JIRA
3 259 (2.99%) Jenkins
4 57 (0.66%) Selenium
5 52 (0.60%) Burp Suite
6 50 (0.58%) Cucumber
7 47 (0.54%) Visual Studio
8 42 (0.48%) IDA Disassembler
9 40 (0.46%) Bitbucket
10 39 (0.45%) Gradle
11 38 (0.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 37 (0.43%) GitLab
13 34 (0.39%) CircleCI
14 32 (0.37%) Cypress.io
15 30 (0.35%) WebDriver
16 29 (0.33%) Maven
16 29 (0.33%) Subversion
17 25 (0.29%) Metasploit
18 24 (0.28%) SonarQube
19 23 (0.27%) JUnit
General
1 2,349 (27.08%) Social Skills
2 2,234 (25.75%) Finance
3 863 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
4 711 (8.20%) Public Sector
5 603 (6.95%) Banking
6 585 (6.74%) Legal
7 579 (6.67%) Retail
8 562 (6.48%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 493 (5.68%) Games
10 416 (4.80%) Telecoms
11 330 (3.80%) Law
12 314 (3.62%) Marketing
13 278 (3.20%) Aerospace
14 240 (2.77%) Manufacturing
15 238 (2.74%) Local Government
16 224 (2.58%) Police
17 192 (2.21%) Presentation Skills
18 140 (1.61%) Automotive
19 139 (1.60%) Organisational Skills
20 124 (1.43%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,140 (13.14%) Architect
2 1,025 (11.82%) Analyst
3 855 (9.86%) Consultant
4 603 (6.95%) Security Engineer
5 571 (6.58%) Solutions Architect
6 552 (6.36%) Security Analyst
7 546 (6.29%) Security Manager
8 509 (5.87%) Graduate
9 452 (5.21%) Developer
10 441 (5.08%) Security Architect
11 403 (4.65%) Trainee
12 383 (4.41%) Security Consultant
13 367 (4.23%) Software Engineer
14 262 (3.02%) IT Manager
15 256 (2.95%) DevOps Engineer
16 224 (2.58%) Project Manager
17 222 (2.56%) Cybersecurity Engineer
18 217 (2.50%) Senior Manager
19 200 (2.31%) Cybersecurity Analyst
20 197 (2.27%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 485 (5.59%) Spring
2 236 (2.72%) .NET
3 221 (2.55%) React
4 189 (2.18%) AngularJS
5 181 (2.09%) HTML
6 161 (1.86%) REST
7 155 (1.79%) Node.js
8 121 (1.39%) CSS
9 116 (1.34%) Kafka
10 109 (1.26%) JSON
11 105 (1.21%) Web Services
12 98 (1.13%) .NET Framework
13 94 (1.08%) RESTful
14 93 (1.07%) Spring Boot
15 84 (0.97%) Elastic Stack
16 82 (0.95%) SAML
17 69 (0.80%) HTML5
18 58 (0.67%) SailPoint
19 57 (0.66%) jQuery
20 56 (0.65%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 997 (11.49%) Management Information System
2 612 (7.05%) Data Centre
3 499 (5.75%) User Experience
4 472 (5.44%) Cyberthreat
5 462 (5.33%) Algorithms
6 447 (5.15%) Public Cloud
7 380 (4.38%) Cyberattack
8 326 (3.76%) IoT
9 272 (3.14%) Hybrid Cloud
10 266 (3.07%) Cloud Native
11 265 (3.05%) Self-Motivation
12 256 (2.95%) Cyber Defence
13 240 (2.77%) Security Operations Centre
14 188 (2.17%) Blockchain
15 173 (1.99%) Smart Meter
16 151 (1.74%) iPhone
17 148 (1.71%) Mobile App
18 131 (1.51%) e-Learning
19 124 (1.43%) Blog
20 120 (1.38%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 945 (10.89%) Windows
2 900 (10.37%) Linux
3 286 (3.30%) Windows Server
4 227 (2.62%) Unix
5 87 (1.00%) Windows 10
6 77 (0.89%) Apple iOS
7 76 (0.88%) Android
8 50 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
9 42 (0.48%) Mac OS
10 38 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
11 31 (0.36%) Mac OS X
12 25 (0.29%) CentOS
12 25 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
13 20 (0.23%) Ubuntu
14 17 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 15 (0.17%) Kali Linux
16 8 (0.092%) Embedded Linux
16 8 (0.092%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (0.069%) Solaris
17 6 (0.069%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,592 (29.88%) Agile
2 2,289 (26.39%) Information Security
3 1,704 (19.64%) DevOps
4 1,237 (14.26%) Risk Management
5 1,215 (14.01%) SIEM
6 1,179 (13.59%) Analytics
7 1,068 (12.31%) Mentoring
8 985 (11.35%) Computer Science
9 973 (11.22%) Problem-Solving
10 940 (10.84%) Project Management
11 921 (10.62%) Security Operations
12 764 (8.81%) Security Management
13 756 (8.71%) Software Engineering
14 730 (8.41%) Artificial Intelligence
15 650 (7.49%) Machine Learning
16 647 (7.46%) Vulnerability Management
17 646 (7.45%) CI/CD
18 627 (7.23%) Threat Intelligence
19 623 (7.18%) ITIL
20 609 (7.02%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,486 (17.13%) Python
2 1,029 (11.86%) Java
3 567 (6.54%) SQL
4 515 (5.94%) JavaScript
5 404 (4.66%) PowerShell
6 368 (4.24%) C#
7 276 (3.18%) C++
8 245 (2.82%) Bash
9 244 (2.81%) C
10 184 (2.12%) Go
11 126 (1.45%) TypeScript
12 95 (1.10%) Ruby
13 84 (0.97%) Groovy
14 81 (0.93%) Perl
15 78 (0.90%) Scala
16 68 (0.78%) Kotlin
17 57 (0.66%) PHP
18 56 (0.65%) Rust
18 56 (0.65%) T-SQL
19 53 (0.61%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,934 (22.29%) Degree
2 1,246 (14.36%) Security Cleared
3 1,061 (12.23%) CISSP
4 770 (8.88%) SC Cleared
5 671 (7.73%) CISM
6 372 (4.29%) Computer Science Degree
7 313 (3.61%) Cisco Certification
8 310 (3.57%) CISA
9 231 (2.66%) CEH
10 229 (2.64%) Microsoft Certification
11 203 (2.34%) CRISC
12 197 (2.27%) DV Cleared
13 153 (1.76%) AWS Certification
14 152 (1.75%) CompTIA Security+
15 141 (1.63%) Master's Degree
16 135 (1.56%) ISEB
17 134 (1.54%) ISTQB
18 123 (1.42%) SANS
19 122 (1.41%) CCNA
20 120 (1.38%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,283 (14.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 970 (11.18%) NIST
3 803 (9.26%) QA
4 635 (7.32%) GDPR
5 547 (6.31%) Cyber Essentials
6 365 (4.21%) PCI DSS
7 330 (3.80%) GRC
8 322 (3.71%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 235 (2.71%) NCSC
10 160 (1.84%) SLA
11 129 (1.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 94 (1.08%) PMO
13 79 (0.91%) COBIT
14 63 (0.73%) SOC 2
15 60 (0.69%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 57 (0.66%) RMADS
17 51 (0.59%) JSP 440
18 49 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
19 46 (0.53%) Accessibility
20 45 (0.52%) NIST 800
System Software
1 513 (5.91%) Active Directory
2 484 (5.58%) Docker
3 245 (2.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 93 (1.07%) Hyper-V
5 87 (1.00%) Virtual Desktop
6 46 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
7 37 (0.43%) Virtual Servers
8 35 (0.40%) Firmware
9 32 (0.37%) vSphere
10 18 (0.21%) Snort
11 13 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 11 (0.13%) KVM
13 9 (0.10%) LXC
13 9 (0.10%) Xen
14 8 (0.092%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 8 (0.092%) XenApp
15 7 (0.081%) BitLocker
15 7 (0.081%) DFS Replication
16 6 (0.069%) VMware Workstation
17 5 (0.058%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 551 (6.35%) Kubernetes
2 367 (4.23%) Terraform
3 300 (3.46%) Ansible
4 98 (1.13%) Microsoft Intune
5 85 (0.98%) CASB
6 83 (0.96%) Nessus
7 79 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
8 76 (0.88%) Panaseer
9 73 (0.84%) Puppet
10 65 (0.75%) SCCM
11 62 (0.71%) Kibana
12 60 (0.69%) FortiGate
13 54 (0.62%) QRadar
14 46 (0.53%) CSIRT
15 44 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
16 43 (0.50%) logstash
17 32 (0.37%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
17 32 (0.37%) Jamf Pro
17 32 (0.37%) ZABBIX
18 30 (0.35%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 2,266 (26.12%) Microsoft
2 598 (6.89%) Apple
3 589 (6.79%) Adobe
4 340 (3.92%) Cisco
5 336 (3.87%) VMware
6 300 (3.46%) Splunk
7 283 (3.26%) Salesforce.com
8 280 (3.23%) Google
9 167 (1.93%) Oracle
10 142 (1.64%) Citrix
11 136 (1.57%) Palo Alto
12 119 (1.37%) ServiceNow
13 113 (1.30%) Databricks
14 107 (1.23%) SAP
15 106 (1.22%) CrowdStrike
16 99 (1.14%) CheckPoint
17 88 (1.01%) MuleSoft
18 86 (0.99%) Dell
19 85 (0.98%) CyberArk
20 82 (0.95%) Sophos