Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 105 177 187
Rank change year-on-year +72 +10 +121
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,824 3,612 3,521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.02% 2.01% 1.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.30% 2.19% 2.07%
Number of salaries quoted 3,300 2,840 2,693
UK median annual salary £55,250 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.91% -4.17% +6.19%
10th Percentile £30,000 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £88,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -1.00% - -4.76%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 146,062 164,850 169,980
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.57% 91.90% 91.27%
Number of salaries quoted 115,602 130,935 141,046
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,650 £28,250 £27,613
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +75 4,481 £57,500 - 843
UK excluding London +117 2,521 £49,500 -1.00% 638
London +31 2,134 £65,000 +4.00% 264
South East +48 690 £55,000 - 145
North of England +128 507 £45,000 -5.26% 143
East of England +138 378 £45,000 - 62
South West +62 372 £47,500 +5.56% 107
Midlands +139 349 £45,000 -15.89% 124
North West +75 286 £46,000 -8.00% 85
Yorkshire +133 202 £45,000 +9.09% 45
West Midlands +66 188 £45,000 -15.89% 77
Scotland +66 172 £52,000 +22.35% 22
East Midlands +125 154 £47,980 -8.61% 47
Wales +13 39 £43,500 -5.95% 34
Northern Ireland +12 19 £45,000 -18.18% 3
North East +11 19 £44,000 +57.14% 13
Isle of Man - 2 £37,500 -
Channel Islands - 1 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,820 (37.73%) Information Security
2 1,242 (25.75%) CISSP
3 983 (20.38%) Windows
4 941 (19.51%) Linux
5 928 (19.24%) Finance
6 911 (18.88%) Degree
7 888 (18.41%) Firewall
8 871 (18.06%) SIEM
9 859 (17.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 770 (15.96%) Agile Software Development
11 697 (14.45%) CISM
12 646 (13.39%) Risk Management
13 601 (12.46%) Security Operations
14 596 (12.35%) Microsoft
15 574 (11.90%) Penetration Testing
16 571 (11.84%) Management Information System
17 570 (11.82%) Python
18 548 (11.36%) Vulnerability Management
19 540 (11.19%) Java
20 517 (10.72%) Security Cleared
21 508 (10.53%) Problem-Solving
22 438 (9.08%) Analytical Skills
23 437 (9.06%) Microsoft Azure
24 416 (8.62%) GDPR
25 410 (8.50%) Amazon AWS
26 401 (8.31%) TCP/IP
27 395 (8.19%) CISA
28 394 (8.17%) Network Security
29 389 (8.06%) ITIL
30 387 (8.02%) Software Engineering

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (2.28%) Apache
2 105 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
3 91 (1.89%) SharePoint
4 78 (1.62%) Apache Spark
5 73 (1.51%) Confluence
6 46 (0.95%) Tomcat
7 40 (0.83%) MS Exchange
8 32 (0.66%) Apache Pig
9 22 (0.46%) WebLogic
10 20 (0.41%) WordPress
11 18 (0.37%) ExpressionEngine
12 17 (0.35%) Skype for Business
13 16 (0.33%) Apache Solr
13 16 (0.33%) IIS
14 13 (0.27%) nginx
14 13 (0.27%) WebSphere
15 11 (0.23%) CMS
15 11 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2010
16 8 (0.17%) Cloud Foundry
16 8 (0.17%) Ethereum
Applications
1 121 (2.51%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 36 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
5 16 (0.33%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.041%) Acrobat
6 2 (0.041%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.021%) InVision
7 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
3 9 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
4 7 (0.15%) SAP GRC
5 3 (0.062%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.041%) Magento
6 2 (0.041%) PlanetPress Connect
6 2 (0.041%) Sage 50
6 2 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.021%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.021%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.021%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 437 (9.06%) Microsoft Azure
2 410 (8.50%) Amazon AWS
3 238 (4.93%) Office 365
4 188 (3.90%) SaaS
5 107 (2.22%) IaaS
6 93 (1.93%) PaaS
7 80 (1.66%) Google Cloud Platform
8 73 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
9 40 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
10 36 (0.75%) Mimecast
11 25 (0.52%) GitHub
12 17 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
13 15 (0.31%) Amazon S3
13 15 (0.31%) IBM Cloud
14 14 (0.29%) G Suite
14 14 (0.29%) Serverless
15 11 (0.23%) Dynamics 365
16 9 (0.19%) Dropbox
16 9 (0.19%) OpenDNS
17 8 (0.17%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 888 (18.41%) Firewall
2 401 (8.31%) TCP/IP
3 394 (8.17%) Network Security
4 197 (4.08%) Internet
5 186 (3.86%) Intrusion Detection
6 150 (3.11%) DNS
7 148 (3.07%) WAN
8 139 (2.88%) LAN
9 128 (2.65%) VPN
10 102 (2.11%) HTTP
11 95 (1.97%) SSL
12 83 (1.72%) Wireshark
13 64 (1.33%) Wireless
14 60 (1.24%) DHCP
15 49 (1.02%) VoIP
16 47 (0.97%) RS-485
17 46 (0.95%) VLAN
18 43 (0.89%) Wi-Fi
19 39 (0.81%) Modbus
20 37 (0.77%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 356 (7.38%) Big Data
2 203 (4.21%) SQL Server
3 178 (3.69%) Hadoop
4 112 (2.32%) MySQL
5 56 (1.16%) Apache Hive
6 49 (1.02%) Blockchain
7 46 (0.95%) MongoDB
8 44 (0.91%) Data Warehouse
9 43 (0.89%) NoSQL
10 42 (0.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 41 (0.85%) HBase
12 40 (0.83%) PostgreSQL
13 29 (0.60%) SQL Server 2016
14 24 (0.50%) Neo4j
15 21 (0.44%) QlikView
16 20 (0.41%) DB2
16 20 (0.41%) Relational Database
17 19 (0.39%) Power BI
18 16 (0.33%) Apache Cassandra
18 16 (0.33%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 176 (3.65%) JIRA
2 143 (2.96%) Git (software)
3 122 (2.53%) Selenium
4 99 (2.05%) Jenkins
5 88 (1.82%) Bitbucket
6 76 (1.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 65 (1.35%) Robot Framework
8 49 (1.02%) git-flow
9 43 (0.89%) Maven
10 40 (0.83%) Cucumber
10 40 (0.83%) JMeter
10 40 (0.83%) JUnit
11 38 (0.79%) Metasploit
11 38 (0.79%) SoapUI
12 37 (0.77%) Visual Studio
13 32 (0.66%) CodeSonar
14 24 (0.50%) EasyMock
15 20 (0.41%) WebDriver
16 18 (0.37%) Burp Suite
16 18 (0.37%) Subversion
General
1 928 (19.24%) Finance
2 293 (6.07%) Retail
3 264 (5.47%) Banking
4 179 (3.71%) Legal
5 159 (3.30%) Telecoms
6 156 (3.23%) Marketing
7 116 (2.40%) Law
8 101 (2.09%) Investment Banking
9 99 (2.05%) Electronics
10 93 (1.93%) Manufacturing
11 60 (1.24%) Publishing
12 59 (1.22%) Military
13 56 (1.16%) Games
14 49 (1.02%) Automotive
14 49 (1.02%) Financial Institution
15 33 (0.68%) Aerospace
16 30 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
17 21 (0.44%) Retail Banking
18 15 (0.31%) Advertising
19 14 (0.29%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 752 (15.59%) Analyst
2 556 (11.53%) Consultant
3 511 (10.59%) Security Engineer
4 455 (9.43%) Security Analyst
5 443 (9.18%) Architect
6 410 (8.50%) Security Consultant
7 349 (7.23%) Security Manager
8 287 (5.95%) Developer
9 271 (5.62%) Cybersecurity Analyst
10 263 (5.45%) Security Architect
11 247 (5.12%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 204 (4.23%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 179 (3.71%) Software Engineer
14 148 (3.07%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 146 (3.03%) Tester
16 141 (2.92%) Solutions Architect
17 128 (2.65%) Penetration Tester
18 126 (2.61%) SOC Analyst
19 116 (2.40%) IT Manager
19 116 (2.40%) Trainee
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 153 (3.17%) .NET
2 138 (2.86%) Spring
3 134 (2.78%) Node.js
4 119 (2.47%) AngularJS
5 112 (2.32%) REST
6 108 (2.24%) Web Services
7 97 (2.01%) HTML
8 92 (1.91%) Java EE
9 88 (1.82%) SOAP
10 76 (1.58%) SailPoint
11 72 (1.49%) Django
11 72 (1.49%) RESTful
12 70 (1.45%) Hibernate
13 65 (1.35%) J2EE
14 56 (1.16%) ASP.NET
15 55 (1.14%) RabbitMQ
16 54 (1.12%) CSS
17 52 (1.08%) XML
18 50 (1.04%) LDAP
19 48 (1.00%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 571 (11.84%) Management Information System
2 438 (9.08%) Analytical Skills
3 270 (5.60%) Security Operations Centre
4 233 (4.83%) Self-Motivation
5 230 (4.77%) Cyberthreat
6 176 (3.65%) Data Centre
7 173 (3.59%) Fintech
8 164 (3.40%) Cyberattack
9 136 (2.82%) PKI
10 124 (2.57%) Data Protection Act
11 122 (2.53%) Driving Licence
12 96 (1.99%) Hybrid Cloud
13 92 (1.91%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 86 (1.78%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 77 (1.60%) Mobile App
16 71 (1.47%) Cyber Defence
17 65 (1.35%) Embedded Systems
18 62 (1.29%) Cybercrime
19 61 (1.26%) Robotics
20 57 (1.18%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 983 (20.38%) Windows
2 941 (19.51%) Linux
3 236 (4.89%) Windows Server
4 210 (4.35%) Unix
5 133 (2.76%) Apple iOS
6 119 (2.47%) Android
7 98 (2.03%) Mac OS X
8 82 (1.70%) Windows 10
9 75 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
10 70 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 66 (1.37%) Windows Server 2008
12 63 (1.31%) CentOS
13 47 (0.97%) Windows 7
14 43 (0.89%) AIX
15 39 (0.81%) FreeRTOS
16 30 (0.62%) Solaris
17 27 (0.56%) Debian
18 22 (0.46%) Kali Linux
19 21 (0.44%) Ubuntu
20 15 (0.31%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,820 (37.73%) Information Security
2 871 (18.06%) SIEM
3 770 (15.96%) Agile Software Development
4 646 (13.39%) Risk Management
5 601 (12.46%) Security Operations
6 574 (11.90%) Penetration Testing
7 548 (11.36%) Vulnerability Management
8 508 (10.53%) Problem-Solving
9 389 (8.06%) ITIL
10 387 (8.02%) Software Engineering
11 383 (7.94%) Computer Science
12 374 (7.75%) Security Architecture
13 355 (7.36%) Data Protection
14 346 (7.17%) DevOps
15 320 (6.63%) Identity Access Management
16 292 (6.05%) Continuous Improvement
17 288 (5.97%) Stakeholder Management
18 271 (5.62%) Analytics
19 266 (5.51%) Project Management
20 264 (5.47%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 570 (11.82%) Python
2 540 (11.19%) Java
3 361 (7.48%) PowerShell
4 336 (6.97%) C
5 330 (6.84%) SQL
6 302 (6.26%) C++
7 297 (6.16%) C#
8 262 (5.43%) JavaScript
9 176 (3.65%) Bash Shell
10 126 (2.61%) Perl
11 75 (1.55%) Ruby
12 63 (1.31%) PHP
13 59 (1.22%) Objective-C
14 38 (0.79%) Go
15 36 (0.75%) Embedded C
16 32 (0.66%) BeanShell
17 29 (0.60%) Embedded C++
17 29 (0.60%) Shell Script
18 24 (0.50%) VB
19 22 (0.46%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,242 (25.75%) CISSP
2 911 (18.88%) Degree
3 697 (14.45%) CISM
4 517 (10.72%) Security Cleared
5 395 (8.19%) CISA
6 349 (7.23%) CEH
7 343 (7.11%) Cisco Certification
8 339 (7.03%) SANS
9 279 (5.78%) GIAC
10 246 (5.10%) SC Cleared
11 233 (4.83%) Computer Science Degree
12 219 (4.54%) CCNA
13 218 (4.52%) CompTIA Security+
14 212 (4.39%) SSCP
15 208 (4.31%) DV Cleared
16 181 (3.75%) CREST Certified
17 138 (2.86%) CRISC
18 134 (2.78%) Microsoft Certification
19 109 (2.26%) GCIH
20 107 (2.22%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 859 (17.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 416 (8.62%) GDPR
3 298 (6.18%) PCI DSS
4 164 (3.40%) Cyber Essentials
5 160 (3.32%) QA
6 143 (2.96%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 91 (1.89%) COBIT
8 80 (1.66%) SLA
9 45 (0.93%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 33 (0.68%) HIPAA
11 27 (0.56%) JSP 440
12 25 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 23 (0.48%) MiFID
14 18 (0.37%) NIST 800
15 12 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 12 (0.25%) PMO
16 11 (0.23%) ISO 9001
17 10 (0.21%) Data Quality
17 10 (0.21%) GPG13
18 9 (0.19%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 321 (6.65%) Active Directory
2 239 (4.95%) Docker
3 201 (4.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 99 (2.05%) Hyper-V
5 77 (1.60%) vSphere
6 68 (1.41%) Snort
7 58 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
8 55 (1.14%) VMware ESXi
9 53 (1.10%) Firmware
10 27 (0.56%) VMware NSX
11 25 (0.52%) HDFS
12 21 (0.44%) BitLocker
12 21 (0.44%) Microsoft App-V
13 20 (0.41%) XenDesktop
14 19 (0.39%) iptables
15 18 (0.37%) VMware Workstation
16 16 (0.33%) NFS
16 16 (0.33%) Samba
17 12 (0.25%) VirtualBox
17 12 (0.25%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 157 (3.25%) Puppet
2 144 (2.99%) Ansible
3 120 (2.49%) Nessus
4 101 (2.09%) SCCM
5 96 (1.99%) QRadar
6 89 (1.84%) Kubernetes
7 64 (1.33%) Norton AntiVirus
8 57 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
9 50 (1.04%) CSIRT
10 47 (0.97%) RSA Security Analytics
11 46 (0.95%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 43 (0.89%) Single Sign-On
13 40 (0.83%) CASB
13 40 (0.83%) Nagios
13 40 (0.83%) Salt
14 38 (0.79%) SCOM
15 34 (0.70%) Terraform
16 31 (0.64%) WSUS
17 28 (0.58%) EnCase
17 28 (0.58%) Nmap
Vendors
1 596 (12.35%) Microsoft
2 310 (6.43%) VMware
3 305 (6.32%) Cisco
4 286 (5.93%) Splunk
5 194 (4.02%) Symantec
6 150 (3.11%) Qualys
7 120 (2.49%) Oracle
7 120 (2.49%) Palo Alto
8 106 (2.20%) Red Hat
9 105 (2.18%) Google
10 87 (1.80%) CheckPoint
11 75 (1.55%) McAfee
12 68 (1.41%) IBM
12 68 (1.41%) LogRhythm
13 67 (1.39%) ArcSight
13 67 (1.39%) ServiceNow
14 66 (1.37%) Sophos
15 61 (1.26%) EMC
16 60 (1.24%) SAP
17 56 (1.16%) Juniper