Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 72 85
Rank change year-on-year -7 +13 +39
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,839 2,039 4,796
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.81% 4.11% 3.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.04% 4.41% 3.78%
Number of salaries quoted 2,970 1,604 3,535
10th Percentile £37,475 £37,460 £33,886
25th Percentile £46,756 £47,188 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £58,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +2.56% +1.74%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,742 46,190 126,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.19% 93.06% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 79,117 38,578 101,498
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,077
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 4,217 £62,500 - 954
UK excluding London +7 2,657 £55,000 - 707
London -32 1,757 £70,000 +3.70% 321
South East +47 901 £57,500 +4.55% 155
Work from Home -7 870 £70,000 +18.64% 159
North of England -11 542 £50,000 -6.54% 181
South West +13 412 £56,000 -2.61% 78
Midlands -35 333 £55,000 -4.35% 116
North West -31 287 £55,000 +2.80% 110
Scotland +12 265 £60,000 +25.26% 47
West Midlands -32 250 £55,000 -4.35% 76
Yorkshire +27 228 £47,500 -13.64% 59
East of England -30 144 £52,500 +7.69% 93
East Midlands -31 74 £47,500 -19.15% 40
Wales -29 50 £42,750 +11.04% 26
Northern Ireland -38 41 £25,000 -50.00% 11
North East -18 32 £57,500 +8.80% 12
Channel Islands - 4 £38,000 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,388 (28.68%) Azure
2 1,288 (26.62%) Social Skills
3 1,166 (24.10%) Information Security
4 1,064 (21.99%) Microsoft
5 1,061 (21.93%) Agile Software Development
6 964 (19.92%) Finance
7 912 (18.85%) AWS
8 864 (17.85%) Risk Management
9 822 (16.99%) SIEM
10 795 (16.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 791 (16.35%) DevOps
12 744 (15.38%) Python
13 740 (15.29%) Degree
14 668 (13.80%) Security Cleared
15 660 (13.64%) Analytics
16 656 (13.56%) Windows
17 654 (13.52%) CISSP
18 616 (12.73%) Firewall
19 585 (12.09%) NIST
20 533 (11.01%) Microsoft 365
21 511 (10.56%) Linux
22 498 (10.29%) Active Directory
23 477 (9.86%) Management Information System
24 460 (9.51%) Vulnerability Management
25 459 (9.49%) CISM
26 450 (9.30%) Security Operations
27 447 (9.24%) GDPR
28 446 (9.22%) Problem-Solving
29 426 (8.80%) Analytical Skills
30 395 (8.16%) Project Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (2.25%) SharePoint
2 75 (1.55%) Confluence
3 69 (1.43%) Elasticsearch
4 43 (0.89%) IIS
5 41 (0.85%) MS Exchange
6 33 (0.68%) Appian
7 19 (0.39%) Apache
8 11 (0.23%) Apache Pulsar
8 11 (0.23%) Apache Spark
9 10 (0.21%) nginx
10 6 (0.12%) JBoss
10 6 (0.12%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.12%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.10%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.062%) WinCC
13 2 (0.041%) Apache Airflow
13 2 (0.041%) Exchange Server 2010
14 1 (0.021%) Camunda
14 1 (0.021%) Cloud Foundry
14 1 (0.021%) Ethereum
Applications
1 116 (2.40%) Microsoft Office
2 82 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 46 (0.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 14 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.10%) Figma
7 4 (0.083%) SPSS
7 4 (0.083%) Stata
8 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.021%) GIMP
8 1 (0.021%) Inkscape
8 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.021%) Simulink
8 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 84 (1.74%) Sentinel
2 28 (0.58%) NetSuite
3 9 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.17%) Primavera
5 5 (0.10%) RESILIA
5 5 (0.10%) SAP BPC
6 4 (0.083%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.083%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.062%) Avolution ABACUS
7 3 (0.062%) Raiser's Edge
7 3 (0.062%) Shopify
8 2 (0.041%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.041%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.041%) SAP Business One
8 2 (0.041%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.021%) iTrent
9 1 (0.021%) Sage 200
9 1 (0.021%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.021%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,388 (28.68%) Azure
2 912 (18.85%) AWS
3 533 (11.01%) Microsoft 365
4 308 (6.36%) SaaS
5 258 (5.33%) GCP
6 225 (4.65%) Power Platform
7 213 (4.40%) Serverless
8 196 (4.05%) Azure Active Directory
9 166 (3.43%) PaaS
10 158 (3.27%) IaaS
11 127 (2.62%) Azure Sentinel
12 106 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
13 93 (1.92%) Azure Data Factory
14 75 (1.55%) AWS Lambda
15 65 (1.34%) GitHub
16 59 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 54 (1.12%) Amazon S3
18 53 (1.10%) Azure Key Vault
19 49 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
20 41 (0.85%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 616 (12.73%) Firewall
2 356 (7.36%) Network Security
3 205 (4.24%) TCP/IP
4 147 (3.04%) WAN
5 137 (2.83%) DNS
6 136 (2.81%) VPN
7 131 (2.71%) Internet
8 120 (2.48%) LAN
9 93 (1.92%) DHCP
10 90 (1.86%) Intrusion Detection
11 72 (1.49%) HTTP
12 65 (1.34%) VLAN
12 65 (1.34%) Wireless
13 56 (1.16%) Broadband
14 46 (0.95%) Wi-Fi
15 45 (0.93%) SAN
16 38 (0.79%) BGP
16 38 (0.79%) SSL
17 33 (0.68%) SMTP
18 27 (0.56%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 227 (4.69%) SQL Server
2 225 (4.65%) Big Data
3 150 (3.10%) NoSQL
4 129 (2.67%) Power BI
5 107 (2.21%) MongoDB
6 69 (1.43%) Data Lake
7 68 (1.41%) PostgreSQL
8 66 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
9 59 (1.22%) Relational Database
10 52 (1.07%) Tableau
11 46 (0.95%) MySQL
11 46 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 45 (0.93%) HDInsight
13 36 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
14 31 (0.64%) Oracle Database
14 31 (0.64%) RDBMS
15 29 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
16 24 (0.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 19 (0.39%) Apache Accumulo
17 19 (0.39%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 140 (2.89%) JIRA
2 133 (2.75%) Jenkins
3 101 (2.09%) Git (software)
4 53 (1.10%) GitLab
5 34 (0.70%) Visual Studio Team System
6 24 (0.50%) Rational DOORS
7 21 (0.43%) Metasploit
8 20 (0.41%) Burp Suite
9 19 (0.39%) Selenium
10 17 (0.35%) CircleCI
11 16 (0.33%) SonarQube
12 15 (0.31%) Bitbucket
13 13 (0.27%) IDA Disassembler
14 12 (0.25%) git-flow
14 12 (0.25%) TeamCity
15 10 (0.21%) Mocha
15 10 (0.21%) Postman
16 9 (0.19%) JMeter
16 9 (0.19%) SoapUI
16 9 (0.19%) webpack
General
1 1,288 (26.62%) Social Skills
2 964 (19.92%) Finance
3 426 (8.80%) Analytical Skills
4 297 (6.14%) Legal
5 275 (5.68%) Public Sector
6 235 (4.86%) Telecoms
7 183 (3.78%) Marketing
8 176 (3.64%) Law
9 170 (3.51%) Banking
10 152 (3.14%) Manufacturing
11 148 (3.06%) Presentation Skills
12 136 (2.81%) Retail
13 129 (2.67%) Police
14 100 (2.07%) Electronics
15 99 (2.05%) Organisational Skills
16 79 (1.63%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 68 (1.41%) Games
18 55 (1.14%) Influencing Skills
19 48 (0.99%) Documentation Skills
20 42 (0.87%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 658 (13.60%) Consultant
2 630 (13.02%) Analyst
3 579 (11.97%) Architect
4 523 (10.81%) Security Engineer
5 403 (8.33%) Security Consultant
6 376 (7.77%) Security Analyst
7 291 (6.01%) Cybersecurity Engineer
8 252 (5.21%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 249 (5.15%) Developer
10 247 (5.10%) Security Manager
11 237 (4.90%) Security Architect
12 194 (4.01%) Software Engineer
13 168 (3.47%) Cybersecurity Analyst
14 151 (3.12%) Solutions Architect
15 145 (3.00%) Senior Consultant
16 134 (2.77%) IT Manager
17 129 (2.67%) Cybersecurity Manager
18 125 (2.58%) Security Specialist
19 120 (2.48%) Cloud Engineer
20 106 (2.19%) Senior Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 128 (2.65%) Web Services
2 107 (2.21%) RESTful
3 103 (2.13%) React
4 95 (1.96%) Node.js
5 86 (1.78%) .NET
6 84 (1.74%) Kafka
7 72 (1.49%) AngularJS
8 69 (1.43%) HTML
9 68 (1.41%) JSON
10 67 (1.38%) REST
11 62 (1.28%) Apache NiFi
12 57 (1.18%) Django
13 54 (1.12%) CSS
14 49 (1.01%) Elastic Stack
14 49 (1.01%) Vue.js
15 43 (0.89%) XML
16 42 (0.87%) OAuth
17 36 (0.74%) SAML
18 35 (0.72%) GraphQL
19 27 (0.56%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 477 (9.86%) Management Information System
2 285 (5.89%) Cyberthreat
3 280 (5.79%) Public Cloud
4 187 (3.86%) Cyberattack
5 174 (3.60%) Data Centre
6 163 (3.37%) Self-Motivation
7 132 (2.73%) User Experience
8 129 (2.67%) Smart Meter
9 108 (2.23%) Security Operations Centre
10 90 (1.86%) Cyber Defence
11 85 (1.76%) Cloud Native
12 78 (1.61%) Data Protection Act
13 77 (1.59%) Robotics
14 75 (1.55%) Driving Licence
15 63 (1.30%) Cyber Kill Chain
16 58 (1.20%) Hybrid Cloud
17 56 (1.16%) Virtual Team
18 55 (1.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
19 54 (1.12%) Greenfield Project
20 51 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 656 (13.56%) Windows
2 511 (10.56%) Linux
3 206 (4.26%) Windows Server
4 104 (2.15%) Windows 10
5 84 (1.74%) Unix
6 68 (1.41%) CentOS
7 67 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 65 (1.34%) Mac OS
9 60 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
10 51 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
11 44 (0.91%) Windows Server 2019
12 38 (0.79%) Android
13 37 (0.76%) Ubuntu
14 36 (0.74%) Apple iOS
15 30 (0.62%) Mac OS X
16 26 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
17 20 (0.41%) VMS
17 20 (0.41%) Windows 7
18 19 (0.39%) Debian
19 12 (0.25%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,166 (24.10%) Information Security
2 1,061 (21.93%) Agile Software Development
3 864 (17.85%) Risk Management
4 822 (16.99%) SIEM
5 791 (16.35%) DevOps
6 660 (13.64%) Analytics
7 460 (9.51%) Vulnerability Management
8 450 (9.30%) Security Operations
9 446 (9.22%) Problem-Solving
10 395 (8.16%) Project Management
11 385 (7.96%) Mentoring
12 384 (7.94%) Computer Science
13 381 (7.87%) Software Engineering
14 378 (7.81%) Continuous Improvement
15 350 (7.23%) Penetration Testing
16 346 (7.15%) Data Protection
17 340 (7.03%) Stakeholder Management
18 335 (6.92%) Presales
19 320 (6.61%) ITIL
20 305 (6.30%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 744 (15.38%) Python
2 315 (6.51%) JavaScript
3 306 (6.32%) PowerShell
4 303 (6.26%) SQL
5 302 (6.24%) Java
6 207 (4.28%) C#
7 198 (4.09%) C++
8 145 (3.00%) C
9 124 (2.56%) Go
10 105 (2.17%) Bash Shell
11 71 (1.47%) Ruby
12 69 (1.43%) Perl
13 65 (1.34%) TypeScript
14 50 (1.03%) PHP
15 43 (0.89%) VB
16 29 (0.60%) Rust
17 24 (0.50%) T-SQL
18 23 (0.48%) Kotlin
19 20 (0.41%) Shell Script
20 19 (0.39%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 740 (15.29%) Degree
2 668 (13.80%) Security Cleared
3 654 (13.52%) CISSP
4 459 (9.49%) CISM
5 381 (7.87%) SC Cleared
6 249 (5.15%) Microsoft Certification
7 201 (4.15%) CISA
8 197 (4.07%) Cisco Certification
9 147 (3.04%) CEH
10 136 (2.81%) SANS
11 131 (2.71%) Computer Science Degree
12 100 (2.07%) CCNA
13 96 (1.98%) DV Cleared
14 89 (1.84%) CompTIA Security+
15 86 (1.78%) CRISC
16 83 (1.72%) CESG Certified Professional
16 83 (1.72%) GIAC
17 82 (1.69%) OSCP
18 71 (1.47%) CREST Certified
19 70 (1.45%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 795 (16.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 585 (12.09%) NIST
3 447 (9.24%) GDPR
4 394 (8.14%) Cyber Essentials
5 215 (4.44%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 189 (3.91%) PCI DSS
7 149 (3.08%) GRC
8 121 (2.50%) NCSC
9 116 (2.40%) QA
10 106 (2.19%) SLA
11 87 (1.80%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 69 (1.43%) COBIT
13 37 (0.76%) IASME
14 33 (0.68%) SOC 2
15 31 (0.64%) JSP 440
16 30 (0.62%) ISO 22301
16 30 (0.62%) NIST 800
17 29 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
18 25 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27005
18 25 (0.52%) RMADS
System Software
1 498 (10.29%) Active Directory
2 329 (6.80%) Docker
3 259 (5.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 121 (2.50%) Hyper-V
5 45 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
6 42 (0.87%) Firmware
7 23 (0.48%) vSphere
8 19 (0.39%) XenApp
9 17 (0.35%) Snort
10 13 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
10 13 (0.27%) XenDesktop
11 8 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
11 8 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (0.14%) HDFS
12 7 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.12%) BitLocker
14 5 (0.10%) vCloud
15 4 (0.083%) OpenSSH
15 4 (0.083%) Shibboleth
15 4 (0.083%) Squid
Systems Management
1 248 (5.13%) Kubernetes
2 194 (4.01%) Terraform
3 161 (3.33%) Ansible
4 96 (1.98%) Microsoft Intune
5 84 (1.74%) Nessus
6 83 (1.72%) Single Sign-On
7 70 (1.45%) QRadar
8 55 (1.14%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 45 (0.93%) Puppet
10 44 (0.91%) CASB
11 34 (0.70%) SCCM
12 26 (0.54%) CSIRT
13 25 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
14 22 (0.45%) Computer Incident Response Team
15 18 (0.37%) Nmap
16 17 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
17 16 (0.33%) Kibana
18 14 (0.29%) FortiGate
18 14 (0.29%) Nexpose
19 13 (0.27%) SCOM
Vendors
1 1,064 (21.99%) Microsoft
2 302 (6.24%) VMware
3 246 (5.08%) Splunk
4 211 (4.36%) Cisco
5 182 (3.76%) Google
6 159 (3.29%) Citrix
7 149 (3.08%) Apple
8 124 (2.56%) Adobe
9 122 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
10 114 (2.36%) SAP
11 97 (2.00%) Palo Alto
12 84 (1.74%) Oracle
13 78 (1.61%) Databricks
14 76 (1.57%) LogRhythm
15 65 (1.34%) ServiceNow
16 64 (1.32%) MuleSoft
17 61 (1.26%) Qualys
18 58 (1.20%) CheckPoint
18 58 (1.20%) Red Hat
19 56 (1.16%) Meraki