Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 89 68 92
Rank change year-on-year -21 +24 +44
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,115 2,888 4,796
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.62% 4.21% 3.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.86% 4.54% 3.60%
Number of salaries quoted 2,698 2,216 3,502
10th Percentile £38,345 £26,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,784 £42,776 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £59,127 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% -1.46% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £89,500 £94,875
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +10.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 106,493 63,646 133,396
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.75% 92.77% 92.67%
Number of salaries quoted 72,664 51,555 106,467
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 3,580 £62,500 +4.17% 792
UK excluding London -15 2,187 £55,000 +4.76% 563
London -15 1,595 £70,000 - 292
Work from Home -24 681 £67,500 +16.38% 158
South East -18 588 £60,000 +14.29% 149
North of England -30 435 £50,000 -6.54% 131
South West -16 378 £53,250 -3.18% 85
Midlands -38 325 £52,500 -4.55% 79
West Midlands -33 236 £55,000 - 49
Scotland -6 227 £62,500 +31.58% 47
North West -28 211 £55,000 +7.84% 75
Yorkshire -27 184 £47,500 -13.64% 47
East of England -17 149 £65,000 +48.06% 48
East Midlands -34 84 £46,250 -2.63% 30
Wales -18 61 £42,750 -2.29% 20
North East -8 43 £55,000 +50.68% 9
Northern Ireland -28 35 £45,000 -10.00% 4
Channel Islands - 3 £85,000 -

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 985 (23.94%) Information Security
2 918 (22.31%) Social Skills
3 909 (22.09%) Azure
4 835 (20.29%) Agile Software Development
5 767 (18.64%) Finance
6 724 (17.59%) Microsoft
7 700 (17.01%) AWS
8 662 (16.09%) SIEM
9 629 (15.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 596 (14.48%) Security Cleared
11 584 (14.19%) CISSP
12 580 (14.09%) Python
12 580 (14.09%) DevOps
13 552 (13.41%) Firewall
14 545 (13.24%) Degree
15 519 (12.61%) Linux
16 476 (11.57%) Windows
17 474 (11.52%) Security Operations
18 462 (11.23%) Risk Management
19 441 (10.72%) NIST
20 410 (9.96%) Software Engineering
21 409 (9.94%) Problem-Solving
22 398 (9.67%) CISM
23 384 (9.33%) Management Information System
23 384 (9.33%) Penetration Testing
24 369 (8.97%) Vulnerability Management
25 358 (8.70%) Analytics
26 357 (8.68%) Microsoft 365
27 352 (8.55%) Mentoring
28 350 (8.51%) GDPR

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (2.53%) Confluence
2 94 (2.28%) SharePoint
3 75 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (0.90%) MS Exchange
5 34 (0.83%) IIS
6 23 (0.56%) Apache
7 21 (0.51%) nginx
8 16 (0.39%) Apache Spark
9 12 (0.29%) Apache Pulsar
10 10 (0.24%) JBoss
10 10 (0.24%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.15%) CMS
11 6 (0.15%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.073%) Exchange Server 2010
12 3 (0.073%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.073%) SAS
12 3 (0.073%) Skype for Business
13 2 (0.049%) Camunda
13 2 (0.049%) Exchange Server 2013
14 1 (0.024%) Appian
Applications
1 96 (2.33%) Microsoft Office
2 44 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (0.61%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.24%) Figma
6 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.15%) Gephi
8 5 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.12%) GIMP
8 5 (0.12%) Inkscape
8 5 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.024%) Simulink
9 1 (0.024%) SPSS
9 1 (0.024%) Stata
Business Applications
1 33 (0.80%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.24%) NetSuite
2 10 (0.24%) Primavera
3 9 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.073%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.073%) RESILIA
5 3 (0.073%) Sage 200
5 3 (0.073%) SAP GRC
5 3 (0.073%) Shopify
6 2 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.049%) SAP Business One
6 2 (0.049%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.024%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.024%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.024%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 909 (22.09%) Azure
2 700 (17.01%) AWS
3 357 (8.68%) Microsoft 365
4 250 (6.08%) SaaS
5 202 (4.91%) GCP
6 122 (2.96%) PaaS
7 114 (2.77%) IaaS
8 110 (2.67%) Azure Active Directory
9 81 (1.97%) Serverless
10 74 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
11 65 (1.58%) Azure Sentinel
12 62 (1.51%) GitHub
13 46 (1.12%) Power Platform
14 38 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
15 30 (0.73%) Mimecast
16 25 (0.61%) Heroku
17 24 (0.58%) Amazon S3
17 24 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
17 24 (0.58%) Dynamics 365
18 23 (0.56%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 552 (13.41%) Firewall
2 266 (6.46%) Network Security
3 137 (3.33%) TCP/IP
4 130 (3.16%) Internet
5 121 (2.94%) Wireless
6 118 (2.87%) DNS
7 104 (2.53%) VPN
8 98 (2.38%) Intrusion Detection
9 97 (2.36%) WAN
10 85 (2.07%) LAN
11 68 (1.65%) DHCP
12 65 (1.58%) HTTP
13 46 (1.12%) SAN
14 38 (0.92%) SSL
15 36 (0.87%) VLAN
16 33 (0.80%) Wi-Fi
17 32 (0.78%) Unified Communications
18 31 (0.75%) SSH
19 26 (0.63%) Ethernet
19 26 (0.63%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (4.81%) Big Data
2 85 (2.07%) SQL Server
3 78 (1.90%) NoSQL
4 70 (1.70%) PostgreSQL
5 60 (1.46%) Relational Database
6 51 (1.24%) MySQL
7 40 (0.97%) MongoDB
8 33 (0.80%) Redis
9 28 (0.68%) RDBMS
10 27 (0.66%) Oracle Database
11 24 (0.58%) Apache Accumulo
12 23 (0.56%) Hadoop
13 22 (0.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 22 (0.53%) Data Mining
14 20 (0.49%) Power BI
15 13 (0.32%) Blockchain
15 13 (0.32%) SQL Server 2012
16 12 (0.29%) Data Lake
17 10 (0.24%) Apache Hive
17 10 (0.24%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 191 (4.64%) Jenkins
2 161 (3.91%) JIRA
3 125 (3.04%) Git (software)
4 62 (1.51%) GitLab
5 33 (0.80%) Rational DOORS
6 26 (0.63%) Selenium
7 24 (0.58%) Metasploit
8 20 (0.49%) Bitbucket
9 19 (0.46%) git-flow
10 18 (0.44%) Cypress.io
11 16 (0.39%) Artifactory
11 16 (0.39%) Sonatype Nexus
12 15 (0.36%) Burp Suite
12 15 (0.36%) SonarQube
12 15 (0.36%) TeamCity
13 14 (0.34%) Rational Rhapsody
14 13 (0.32%) CircleCI
14 13 (0.32%) Mocha
14 13 (0.32%) Postman
14 13 (0.32%) webpack
General
1 918 (22.31%) Social Skills
2 767 (18.64%) Finance
3 313 (7.61%) Analytical Skills
4 282 (6.85%) Public Sector
5 279 (6.78%) Legal
6 205 (4.98%) Telecoms
7 184 (4.47%) Marketing
8 162 (3.94%) Manufacturing
9 148 (3.60%) Banking
10 128 (3.11%) Law
11 112 (2.72%) Multimedia
12 102 (2.48%) Electronics
12 102 (2.48%) Presentation Skills
13 97 (2.36%) Retail
14 67 (1.63%) Influencing Skills
15 58 (1.41%) Aerospace
15 58 (1.41%) Organisational Skills
16 57 (1.39%) Games
17 54 (1.31%) Police
18 50 (1.22%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 573 (13.92%) Analyst
2 477 (11.59%) Consultant
3 400 (9.72%) Architect
4 383 (9.31%) Security Engineer
5 382 (9.28%) Security Analyst
6 290 (7.05%) Security Consultant
7 233 (5.66%) Security Manager
8 230 (5.59%) Security Architect
9 214 (5.20%) Developer
10 211 (5.13%) Software Engineer
11 185 (4.50%) Trainee
12 184 (4.47%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 174 (4.23%) Cybersecurity Engineer
14 140 (3.40%) Cybersecurity Consultant
15 129 (3.13%) Senior Consultant
16 124 (3.01%) Cloud Engineer
17 113 (2.75%) DevOps Engineer
18 105 (2.55%) IT Manager
19 103 (2.50%) Network Engineer
20 96 (2.33%) Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (3.55%) React
2 135 (3.28%) Web Services
3 125 (3.04%) .NET
4 102 (2.48%) RESTful
5 94 (2.28%) AngularJS
5 94 (2.28%) Kafka
6 91 (2.21%) HTML
6 91 (2.21%) Node.js
7 89 (2.16%) CSS
7 89 (2.16%) Django
8 73 (1.77%) REST
9 71 (1.73%) Apache NiFi
10 60 (1.46%) Vue.js
11 37 (0.90%) Spring
12 34 (0.83%) Elastic Stack
12 34 (0.83%) OAuth
13 29 (0.70%) SAML
14 27 (0.66%) .NET Framework
14 27 (0.66%) GraphQL
15 25 (0.61%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 384 (9.33%) Management Information System
2 209 (5.08%) Cyberthreat
3 180 (4.37%) Cyberattack
4 136 (3.30%) Public Cloud
5 107 (2.60%) User Experience
6 93 (2.26%) Security Operations Centre
7 88 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
8 80 (1.94%) Cloud Native
8 80 (1.94%) Data Centre
9 71 (1.73%) Cyber Defence
10 70 (1.70%) Cyber Kill Chain
11 69 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
12 67 (1.63%) Driving Licence
12 67 (1.63%) Virtual Team
13 61 (1.48%) Internet of Things
14 57 (1.39%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 54 (1.31%) Data Protection Act
16 52 (1.26%) Hybrid Cloud
17 50 (1.22%) Smart Meter
18 46 (1.12%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 519 (12.61%) Linux
2 476 (11.57%) Windows
3 160 (3.89%) Windows Server
4 77 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 75 (1.82%) CentOS
6 74 (1.80%) Unix
7 63 (1.53%) Windows 10
8 43 (1.04%) Ubuntu
9 34 (0.83%) Android
10 33 (0.80%) Windows Server 2016
11 31 (0.75%) Apple iOS
12 29 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
13 27 (0.66%) Mac OS
13 27 (0.66%) Windows Server 2019
14 24 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
15 22 (0.53%) VMS
16 20 (0.49%) Debian
16 20 (0.49%) Embedded Linux
17 12 (0.29%) Kali Linux
18 9 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 985 (23.94%) Information Security
2 835 (20.29%) Agile Software Development
3 662 (16.09%) SIEM
4 580 (14.09%) DevOps
5 474 (11.52%) Security Operations
6 462 (11.23%) Risk Management
7 410 (9.96%) Software Engineering
8 409 (9.94%) Problem-Solving
9 384 (9.33%) Penetration Testing
10 369 (8.97%) Vulnerability Management
11 358 (8.70%) Analytics
12 352 (8.55%) Mentoring
13 315 (7.65%) Security Architecture
14 312 (7.58%) Stakeholder Management
15 309 (7.51%) Project Management
16 298 (7.24%) Scrum
17 276 (6.71%) Computer Science
18 252 (6.12%) Continuous Improvement
19 248 (6.03%) Data Protection
19 248 (6.03%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 580 (14.09%) Python
2 296 (7.19%) Java
3 295 (7.17%) JavaScript
4 206 (5.01%) C++
5 189 (4.59%) PowerShell
6 188 (4.57%) SQL
7 173 (4.20%) C
8 152 (3.69%) C#
9 115 (2.79%) Bash Shell
10 91 (2.21%) Go
11 84 (2.04%) TypeScript
12 53 (1.29%) Ruby
13 50 (1.22%) PHP
14 43 (1.04%) Perl
15 26 (0.63%) Scala
16 23 (0.56%) Rust
17 21 (0.51%) Kotlin
18 19 (0.46%) MATLAB
18 19 (0.46%) VBA
19 17 (0.41%) R
Qualifications
1 596 (14.48%) Security Cleared
2 584 (14.19%) CISSP
3 545 (13.24%) Degree
4 398 (9.67%) CISM
5 343 (8.34%) SC Cleared
6 185 (4.50%) A+ Certification
7 167 (4.06%) Cisco Certification
8 165 (4.01%) DV Cleared
9 163 (3.96%) CISA
10 153 (3.72%) CEH
11 144 (3.50%) CompTIA Security+
12 99 (2.41%) Computer Science Degree
13 96 (2.33%) SANS
14 90 (2.19%) GIAC
15 84 (2.04%) OSCP
16 83 (2.02%) Microsoft Certification
17 80 (1.94%) Network+ Certification
18 76 (1.85%) CRISC
19 75 (1.82%) CCNA
20 61 (1.48%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 629 (15.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 441 (10.72%) NIST
3 350 (8.51%) GDPR
4 281 (6.83%) Cyber Essentials
5 191 (4.64%) PCI DSS
6 124 (3.01%) GRC
7 111 (2.70%) QA
8 108 (2.62%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 97 (2.36%) SLA
10 86 (2.09%) NCSC
11 57 (1.39%) COBIT
12 42 (1.02%) NIST 800
13 33 (0.80%) JSP 440
14 32 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 23 (0.56%) IEC 61508
16 22 (0.53%) SOC 2
17 21 (0.51%) RMADS
17 21 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
18 20 (0.49%) HMG Security Policy Framework
19 17 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 346 (8.41%) Docker
2 281 (6.83%) Active Directory
3 124 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 70 (1.70%) Hyper-V
5 31 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
6 26 (0.63%) vSphere
7 23 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
8 17 (0.41%) Snort
9 15 (0.36%) XenDesktop
10 13 (0.32%) Firmware
10 13 (0.32%) Virtual Desktop
11 11 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (0.17%) HDFS
12 7 (0.17%) Squid
12 7 (0.17%) VMware NSX
13 6 (0.15%) Apache Flume
14 5 (0.12%) RACF
14 5 (0.12%) Xen
15 4 (0.097%) OpenSSH
15 4 (0.097%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 217 (5.27%) Kubernetes
2 164 (3.99%) Ansible
3 152 (3.69%) Terraform
4 85 (2.07%) Nessus
5 83 (2.02%) QRadar
6 48 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
7 43 (1.04%) Puppet
8 38 (0.92%) Microsoft Intune
9 26 (0.63%) CASB
9 26 (0.63%) SCCM
10 23 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
11 20 (0.49%) Grafana
12 19 (0.46%) Kibana
13 15 (0.36%) CSIRT
14 14 (0.34%) Computer Incident Response Team
14 14 (0.34%) Nagios
14 14 (0.34%) SCOM
15 13 (0.32%) Prometheus
16 11 (0.27%) AirWatch
16 11 (0.27%) Nexpose
Vendors
1 724 (17.59%) Microsoft
2 299 (7.27%) Cisco
3 232 (5.64%) Splunk
4 182 (4.42%) VMware
5 145 (3.52%) Google
6 132 (3.21%) SAP
7 93 (2.26%) LogRhythm
8 81 (1.97%) Oracle
8 81 (1.97%) Palo Alto
9 78 (1.90%) Red Hat
10 70 (1.70%) Citrix
11 61 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
12 59 (1.43%) Qualys
13 51 (1.24%) CyberArk
14 50 (1.22%) CheckPoint
15 48 (1.17%) Meraki
16 43 (1.04%) ServiceNow
17 38 (0.92%) Apple
18 36 (0.87%) ArcSight
18 36 (0.87%) CrowdStrike