Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 63 63 77
Rank change year-on-year 0 +14 +31
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 5,627 2,822 4,677
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.39% 4.46% 3.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.67% 4.79% 4.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,081 1,793 3,494
10th Percentile £37,000 £37,050 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £58,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +3.45% +5.45%
75th Percentile £83,750 £76,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,483 £52,500 £52,945
% change year-on-year +9.49% -0.84% +5.89%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,414 58,914 116,525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.03% 93.10% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 78,049 48,002 93,468
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £89,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +6.52% +2.22%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +6 4,886 £65,000 +8.33% 814
UK excluding London +9 3,197 £57,483 +9.49% 596
London -13 1,861 £70,000 +4.48% 296
Work from Home +38 1,160 £70,000 +12.00% 129
South East +39 1,071 £60,000 +14.29% 131
North of England 0 743 £55,000 +5.77% 151
South West +25 466 £60,050 +9.18% 66
North West -3 458 £60,000 +20.00% 86
Midlands -11 435 £57,483 -2.16% 95
West Midlands -8 337 £57,483 -4.20% 62
Scotland +3 288 £52,500 +10.53% 50
Yorkshire +18 258 £50,000 - 38
East of England -49 173 £50,250 -8.64% 67
East Midlands -45 90 £55,000 -4.35% 33
Wales -47 55 £46,500 +22.37% 30
Northern Ireland -40 36 £46,500 +3.33% 7
North East -33 29 £46,250 -15.91% 27
Channel Islands -8 4 £38,000 -68.33%

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,620 (28.79%) Azure
2 1,576 (28.01%) Finance
3 1,552 (27.58%) Social Skills
4 1,354 (24.06%) Information Security
5 1,343 (23.87%) Microsoft
6 1,303 (23.16%) Agile Software Development
7 1,237 (21.98%) Risk Management
8 1,075 (19.10%) AWS
9 963 (17.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 939 (16.69%) SIEM
11 914 (16.24%) Degree
12 909 (16.15%) Analytics
13 857 (15.23%) DevOps
14 758 (13.47%) Security Cleared
15 753 (13.38%) Windows
16 751 (13.35%) NIST
17 739 (13.13%) Python
18 722 (12.83%) CISSP
19 677 (12.03%) Microsoft 365
20 631 (11.21%) Firewall
21 610 (10.84%) Project Management
22 575 (10.22%) Problem-Solving
23 570 (10.13%) Vulnerability Management
24 561 (9.97%) GDPR
25 556 (9.88%) Analytical Skills
26 540 (9.60%) Active Directory
27 531 (9.44%) Management Information System
28 513 (9.12%) CISM
29 506 (8.99%) Linux
30 497 (8.83%) ITIL

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (1.88%) SharePoint
2 46 (0.82%) IIS
3 42 (0.75%) Confluence
4 35 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
5 33 (0.59%) Appian
6 31 (0.55%) MS Exchange
7 27 (0.48%) Apache Spark
8 10 (0.18%) Jetty
9 9 (0.16%) OpenStack
10 8 (0.14%) Apache
11 6 (0.11%) JBoss
11 6 (0.11%) nginx
11 6 (0.11%) WebSphere
11 6 (0.11%) WebSphere Application Server
12 5 (0.089%) Cloud Foundry
13 3 (0.053%) Skype for Business
13 3 (0.053%) WinCC
14 2 (0.036%) Apache Airflow
14 2 (0.036%) Camunda
14 2 (0.036%) CMS
Applications
1 114 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
2 93 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 45 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.37%) MS Visio
5 18 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.071%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.071%) SPSS
7 4 (0.071%) Stata
8 1 (0.018%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 87 (1.55%) Sentinel
2 68 (1.21%) NetSuite
3 17 (0.30%) SAP BPC
4 11 (0.20%) JDE OneWorld
5 7 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.089%) Elite 3E
6 5 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.071%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.071%) Oracle Financials
7 4 (0.071%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.071%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.071%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.053%) Avolution ABACUS
8 3 (0.053%) Raiser's Edge
9 2 (0.036%) Adobe Campaign
9 2 (0.036%) assyst
9 2 (0.036%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.036%) RESILIA
10 1 (0.018%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.018%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 1,620 (28.79%) Azure
2 1,075 (19.10%) AWS
3 677 (12.03%) Microsoft 365
4 325 (5.78%) SaaS
5 311 (5.53%) Power Platform
6 284 (5.05%) Serverless
7 261 (4.64%) GCP
8 202 (3.59%) PaaS
9 197 (3.50%) IaaS
10 175 (3.11%) Azure Active Directory
11 165 (2.93%) Azure Data Factory
12 138 (2.45%) Azure Sentinel
13 113 (2.01%) Cloud Computing
14 108 (1.92%) Azure Monitor
15 91 (1.62%) GitHub
16 88 (1.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 88 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
17 76 (1.35%) AWS CloudTrail
18 72 (1.28%) Azure Logic Apps
19 71 (1.26%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 631 (11.21%) Firewall
2 396 (7.04%) Network Security
3 200 (3.55%) WAN
4 198 (3.52%) TCP/IP
5 160 (2.84%) VPN
6 150 (2.67%) DNS
7 142 (2.52%) LAN
8 118 (2.10%) Internet
9 116 (2.06%) Intrusion Detection
10 102 (1.81%) DHCP
11 85 (1.51%) Wireless
12 73 (1.30%) HTTP
13 68 (1.21%) VLAN
14 66 (1.17%) Wi-Fi
15 64 (1.14%) Broadband
16 52 (0.92%) BGP
17 43 (0.76%) SSL
18 42 (0.75%) SD-WAN
19 41 (0.73%) 5G
20 38 (0.68%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 296 (5.26%) Big Data
2 279 (4.96%) SQL Server
3 201 (3.57%) Power BI
4 162 (2.88%) NoSQL
5 134 (2.38%) Data Lake
6 121 (2.15%) MongoDB
7 119 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 103 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
9 89 (1.58%) HDInsight
10 73 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
11 61 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
12 55 (0.98%) Tableau
13 36 (0.64%) PostgreSQL
14 33 (0.59%) Relational Database
15 27 (0.48%) MySQL
16 22 (0.39%) Amazon RDS
17 19 (0.34%) Blockchain
17 19 (0.34%) Power Query
18 18 (0.32%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
18 18 (0.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 143 (2.54%) JIRA
2 90 (1.60%) Git (software)
3 60 (1.07%) Jenkins
4 43 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
5 41 (0.73%) Burp Suite
6 31 (0.55%) GitLab
7 26 (0.46%) IDA Disassembler
8 22 (0.39%) Metasploit
9 17 (0.30%) CircleCI
10 16 (0.28%) Cucumber
10 16 (0.28%) Maven
11 15 (0.27%) JUnit
11 15 (0.27%) Rational DOORS
12 14 (0.25%) SonarQube
13 12 (0.21%) Bitbucket
13 12 (0.21%) Selenium
14 10 (0.18%) PEAR
14 10 (0.18%) Rational Team Concert
15 8 (0.14%) Ant
15 8 (0.14%) Snyk
General
1 1,576 (28.01%) Finance
2 1,552 (27.58%) Social Skills
3 556 (9.88%) Analytical Skills
4 307 (5.46%) Banking
5 282 (5.01%) Legal
6 265 (4.71%) Public Sector
7 250 (4.44%) Telecoms
8 246 (4.37%) Police
9 219 (3.89%) Retail
10 209 (3.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 161 (2.86%) Law
12 159 (2.83%) Marketing
13 139 (2.47%) Organisational Skills
14 127 (2.26%) Manufacturing
15 118 (2.10%) Presentation Skills
16 106 (1.88%) Local Government
17 68 (1.21%) Aerospace
17 68 (1.21%) Electronics
18 58 (1.03%) Automotive
19 55 (0.98%) Games
Job Titles
1 868 (15.43%) Architect
2 691 (12.28%) Analyst
3 666 (11.84%) Consultant
4 590 (10.49%) Security Engineer
5 398 (7.07%) Security Architect
6 371 (6.59%) Security Analyst
7 363 (6.45%) Cybersecurity Engineer
8 354 (6.29%) Security Consultant
9 310 (5.51%) Developer
10 306 (5.44%) Security Manager
11 274 (4.87%) Solutions Architect
12 252 (4.48%) IT Manager
13 220 (3.91%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 184 (3.27%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 181 (3.22%) Cloud Consultant
16 178 (3.16%) Project Manager
17 170 (3.02%) Senior Manager
18 166 (2.95%) Data Engineer
19 162 (2.88%) Software Engineer
20 135 (2.40%) Cybersecurity Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 133 (2.36%) JSON
2 131 (2.33%) RESTful
3 117 (2.08%) .NET
4 84 (1.49%) Node.js
5 77 (1.37%) React
6 76 (1.35%) HTML
6 76 (1.35%) Web Services
7 73 (1.30%) REST
8 72 (1.28%) XML
9 71 (1.26%) Kafka
10 65 (1.16%) CSS
11 54 (0.96%) .NET Core
11 54 (0.96%) Middleware
12 49 (0.87%) .NET Framework
13 42 (0.75%) Entity Framework
14 39 (0.69%) AngularJS
15 37 (0.66%) Apache NiFi
16 35 (0.62%) OAuth
17 33 (0.59%) Elastic Stack
18 31 (0.55%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 531 (9.44%) Management Information System
2 351 (6.24%) Cyberthreat
3 323 (5.74%) Public Cloud
4 273 (4.85%) Data Centre
5 234 (4.16%) Smart Meter
6 185 (3.29%) Self-Motivation
7 180 (3.20%) Cyberattack
8 149 (2.65%) Security Operations Centre
9 140 (2.49%) Cyber Defence
10 122 (2.17%) User Experience
11 121 (2.15%) Hybrid Cloud
12 100 (1.78%) Robotics
13 82 (1.46%) Cloud Native
14 74 (1.32%) e-Learning
15 73 (1.30%) Analytical Mindset
16 71 (1.26%) Data Protection Act
17 69 (1.23%) NHS
18 50 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
18 50 (0.89%) PKI
19 48 (0.85%) Cyber Kill Chain
Operating Systems
1 753 (13.38%) Windows
2 506 (8.99%) Linux
3 236 (4.19%) Windows Server
4 132 (2.35%) Windows 10
5 111 (1.97%) Unix
6 80 (1.42%) Windows Server 2016
7 79 (1.40%) Mac OS
8 73 (1.30%) Windows Server 2012
9 62 (1.10%) Mac OS X
10 47 (0.84%) Android
11 43 (0.76%) Windows Server 2019
12 41 (0.73%) Apple iOS
13 29 (0.52%) Kali Linux
14 21 (0.37%) CentOS
15 20 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 18 (0.32%) Windows 7
17 17 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
18 15 (0.27%) VMS
19 10 (0.18%) Solaris
19 10 (0.18%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,354 (24.06%) Information Security
2 1,303 (23.16%) Agile Software Development
3 1,237 (21.98%) Risk Management
4 939 (16.69%) SIEM
5 909 (16.15%) Analytics
6 857 (15.23%) DevOps
7 610 (10.84%) Project Management
8 575 (10.22%) Problem-Solving
9 570 (10.13%) Vulnerability Management
10 497 (8.83%) ITIL
11 492 (8.74%) Security Testing
12 453 (8.05%) Computer Science
13 438 (7.78%) Continuous Improvement
14 425 (7.55%) Mentoring
15 424 (7.54%) Project Delivery
16 418 (7.43%) Security Operations
17 415 (7.38%) Penetration Testing
18 404 (7.18%) Software Licensing
19 393 (6.98%) CI/CD
20 353 (6.27%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 739 (13.13%) Python
2 485 (8.62%) SQL
3 373 (6.63%) PowerShell
4 359 (6.38%) Java
5 305 (5.42%) JavaScript
6 302 (5.37%) C#
7 156 (2.77%) C++
8 141 (2.51%) C
9 114 (2.03%) Ruby
10 103 (1.83%) Bash
11 91 (1.62%) Go
12 89 (1.58%) T-SQL
13 85 (1.51%) Perl
14 62 (1.10%) TypeScript
15 57 (1.01%) VB
16 39 (0.69%) PHP
17 38 (0.68%) Scala
18 25 (0.44%) Apex Code
19 20 (0.36%) Kotlin
20 19 (0.34%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 914 (16.24%) Degree
2 758 (13.47%) Security Cleared
3 722 (12.83%) CISSP
4 513 (9.12%) CISM
5 469 (8.33%) SC Cleared
6 330 (5.86%) Microsoft Certification
7 263 (4.67%) Cisco Certification
8 244 (4.34%) CISA
9 173 (3.07%) Computer Science Degree
10 163 (2.90%) SANS
11 161 (2.86%) CRISC
12 136 (2.42%) CESG Certified Professional
13 133 (2.36%) CEH
14 115 (2.04%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 106 (1.88%) CCNA
16 88 (1.56%) CompTIA Security+
16 88 (1.56%) GIAC
17 83 (1.48%) DV Cleared
18 81 (1.44%) MCSE
19 80 (1.42%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 963 (17.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 751 (13.35%) NIST
3 561 (9.97%) GDPR
4 439 (7.80%) Cyber Essentials
5 300 (5.33%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 215 (3.82%) PCI DSS
7 209 (3.71%) QA
8 156 (2.77%) GRC
9 130 (2.31%) NCSC
10 129 (2.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 113 (2.01%) SLA
12 88 (1.56%) COBIT
13 77 (1.37%) IASME
14 63 (1.12%) Accessibility
15 43 (0.76%) PMO
16 42 (0.75%) ISO 22301
17 39 (0.69%) HIPAA
18 37 (0.66%) ITGC
19 36 (0.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
20 35 (0.62%) JSP 440
System Software
1 540 (9.60%) Active Directory
2 264 (4.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 254 (4.51%) Docker
4 148 (2.63%) Hyper-V
5 56 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
6 55 (0.98%) Firmware
7 30 (0.53%) vSphere
8 26 (0.46%) XenApp
9 19 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
10 16 (0.28%) Snort
11 15 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
12 13 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
13 12 (0.21%) BitLocker
14 9 (0.16%) XenDesktop
15 8 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
16 5 (0.089%) OpenAM
16 5 (0.089%) OpenIDM
16 5 (0.089%) RACF
17 4 (0.071%) KVM
17 4 (0.071%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 272 (4.83%) Kubernetes
2 238 (4.23%) Terraform
3 141 (2.51%) Ansible
4 105 (1.87%) Microsoft Intune
5 85 (1.51%) CASB
5 85 (1.51%) Single Sign-On
6 77 (1.37%) Puppet
7 75 (1.33%) Nessus
8 60 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
9 49 (0.87%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 44 (0.78%) SCCM
11 38 (0.68%) QRadar
12 29 (0.52%) CSIRT
13 25 (0.44%) FortiGate
14 22 (0.39%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
15 21 (0.37%) Nmap
16 20 (0.36%) Computer Incident Response Team
17 15 (0.27%) SCOM
18 12 (0.21%) Nagios
18 12 (0.21%) Nexpose
Vendors
1 1,343 (23.87%) Microsoft
2 324 (5.76%) Apple
3 318 (5.65%) VMware
4 295 (5.24%) Adobe
5 222 (3.95%) Cisco
6 197 (3.50%) Splunk
7 186 (3.31%) Salesforce.com
8 181 (3.22%) Google
9 159 (2.83%) Citrix
10 146 (2.59%) Databricks
11 104 (1.85%) Palo Alto
12 101 (1.79%) SAP
13 92 (1.63%) Sophos
14 91 (1.62%) MuleSoft
15 89 (1.58%) Palantir
16 82 (1.46%) CheckPoint
17 73 (1.30%) Oracle
18 61 (1.08%) ServiceNow
19 55 (0.98%) Okta
20 53 (0.94%) Meraki