Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 64 96 137
Rank change year-on-year +32 +41 +56
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 3,321 4,802 4,393
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.22% 3.27% 2.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.58% 3.54% 2.67%
Number of salaries quoted 2,657 3,659 3,564
Median annual salary £59,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -0.83% - +4.35%
10th Percentile £29,650 £35,000 £34,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £93,750 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,526 135,509 164,623
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.19% 92.19% 92.18%
Number of salaries quoted 57,895 106,662 132,344
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +31 2,992 £60,000 - 269
UK excluding London +28 1,857 £52,500 -4.55% 213
London +19 1,313 £70,000 - 90
South East +42 511 £52,500 -8.70% 33
North of England +74 407 £53,500 +1.90% 61
Midlands +29 305 £55,000 +15.79% 31
South West +6 294 £52,500 -4.55% 33
West Midlands +28 229 £55,000 +15.79% 22
North West +45 221 £51,000 +2.00% 30
Work from Home +22 203 £59,750 -14.64% 25
Yorkshire +92 157 £55,000 - 19
East of England +11 143 £47,500 -5.00% 20
Scotland +37 120 £47,500 -13.64% 20
East Midlands +33 74 £47,500 -9.52% 8
Wales +41 63 £50,000 - 9
North East +38 29 £50,000 -4.76% 12
Northern Ireland +9 23 £50,000 -28.57% 7

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 964 (29.03%) Information Security
2 767 (23.10%) Finance
3 618 (18.61%) CISSP
4 574 (17.28%) Firewall
5 556 (16.74%) Azure
6 543 (16.35%) SIEM
7 506 (15.24%) Security Cleared
8 505 (15.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 464 (13.97%) Windows
10 462 (13.91%) Degree
11 458 (13.79%) Security Operations
12 435 (13.10%) Risk Management
13 434 (13.07%) Agile Software Development
14 422 (12.71%) CISM
15 412 (12.41%) AWS
16 410 (12.35%) Microsoft
17 409 (12.32%) Python
18 389 (11.71%) Linux
19 342 (10.30%) Penetration Testing
20 319 (9.61%) Management Information System
21 311 (9.36%) DevOps
22 289 (8.70%) Security Architecture
23 285 (8.58%) SC Cleared
24 282 (8.49%) ITIL
25 256 (7.71%) NIST
26 247 (7.44%) Analytics
27 240 (7.23%) Active Directory
28 235 (7.08%) Java
29 234 (7.05%) Vulnerability Management
30 232 (6.99%) Problem-Solving

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (2.47%) SharePoint
2 57 (1.72%) IIS
3 51 (1.54%) Confluence
4 37 (1.11%) Apache Spark
5 21 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
6 16 (0.48%) MS Exchange
7 14 (0.42%) OpenStack
8 13 (0.39%) Apache
8 13 (0.39%) Tomcat
9 7 (0.21%) CMS
10 5 (0.15%) BizTalk Server
10 5 (0.15%) JBoss
11 4 (0.12%) ColdFusion
11 4 (0.12%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.090%) Skype for Business
13 2 (0.060%) Apache Airflow
13 2 (0.060%) Drupal
13 2 (0.060%) Exchange Server 2010
13 2 (0.060%) nginx
13 2 (0.060%) WordPress
Applications
1 76 (2.29%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.21%) Camtasia
6 7 (0.21%) MadCap Flare
6 7 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.15%) AutoCAD
7 5 (0.15%) Figma
8 2 (0.060%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 2 (0.060%) Gephi
9 1 (0.030%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 16 (0.48%) Sentinel
2 11 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.30%) Relativity
4 9 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 8 (0.24%) Veritas eDiscovery
6 5 (0.15%) Ringtail
7 4 (0.12%) assyst
7 4 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.090%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.060%) Primavera
9 2 (0.060%) Visualfiles
10 1 (0.030%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.030%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.030%) Oracle Financials
10 1 (0.030%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 556 (16.74%) Azure
2 412 (12.41%) AWS
3 195 (5.87%) Office 365
4 165 (4.97%) SaaS
5 123 (3.70%) IaaS
6 102 (3.07%) PaaS
7 97 (2.92%) GCP
8 91 (2.74%) Cloud Computing
9 72 (2.17%) Serverless
10 42 (1.26%) Azure Active Directory
11 31 (0.93%) Azure Functions
12 29 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
13 26 (0.78%) Power Platform
14 19 (0.57%) AWS CloudTrail
14 19 (0.57%) Mimecast
14 19 (0.57%) OpenShift
15 18 (0.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 18 (0.54%) Logic Apps
15 18 (0.54%) OneDrive
16 17 (0.51%) Amazon GuardDuty
Communications & Networking
1 574 (17.28%) Firewall
2 210 (6.32%) Network Security
3 180 (5.42%) TCP/IP
4 173 (5.21%) Internet
5 129 (3.88%) Intrusion Detection
6 117 (3.52%) DNS
7 108 (3.25%) VPN
8 102 (3.07%) WAN
9 93 (2.80%) LAN
10 50 (1.51%) Wireless
11 49 (1.48%) HTTP
12 46 (1.39%) Wireshark
13 43 (1.29%) BGP
14 39 (1.17%) OSPF
15 34 (1.02%) DHCP
16 33 (0.99%) Wi-Fi
17 29 (0.87%) Skype
18 28 (0.84%) Cisco ASA
19 25 (0.75%) SAN
20 24 (0.72%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (4.13%) Big Data
2 95 (2.86%) SQL Server
3 45 (1.36%) NoSQL
4 33 (0.99%) Relational Database
5 28 (0.84%) Data Lake
6 25 (0.75%) Hadoop
7 22 (0.66%) MySQL
7 22 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
8 19 (0.57%) Power BI
8 19 (0.57%) RDBMS
9 16 (0.48%) Blockchain
9 16 (0.48%) PostgreSQL
10 13 (0.39%) Data Mining
10 13 (0.39%) EDRMS
11 12 (0.36%) MongoDB
12 9 (0.27%) Data Warehouse
13 8 (0.24%) Oracle Database
14 7 (0.21%) Apache Cassandra
15 6 (0.18%) GIS
15 6 (0.18%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 90 (2.71%) JIRA
2 56 (1.69%) Jenkins
3 41 (1.23%) Git (software)
4 37 (1.11%) TeamCity
5 32 (0.96%) Octopus Deploy
6 31 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 28 (0.84%) Metasploit
8 22 (0.66%) Bitbucket
9 21 (0.63%) Selenium
10 13 (0.39%) Team Foundation Server
10 13 (0.39%) Visual Studio
11 11 (0.33%) Cucumber
12 10 (0.30%) Burp Suite
13 9 (0.27%) git-flow
14 8 (0.24%) Subversion
15 7 (0.21%) JUnit
16 6 (0.18%) GitLab
16 6 (0.18%) Gradle
16 6 (0.18%) Jasmine
16 6 (0.18%) Protractor
General
1 767 (23.10%) Finance
2 178 (5.36%) Public Sector
3 158 (4.76%) Legal
4 148 (4.46%) Manufacturing
5 124 (3.73%) Banking
6 106 (3.19%) Retail
7 93 (2.80%) Telecoms
8 80 (2.41%) Marketing
9 77 (2.32%) Law
10 50 (1.51%) Games
11 49 (1.48%) Electronics
12 43 (1.29%) Aerospace
13 37 (1.11%) Military
14 30 (0.90%) Local Government
15 26 (0.78%) Financial Institution
16 20 (0.60%) Advertising
17 13 (0.39%) Digital Economy
17 13 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
17 13 (0.39%) Wholesale Banking
18 12 (0.36%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 463 (13.94%) Analyst
2 354 (10.66%) Consultant
3 342 (10.30%) Security Engineer
4 297 (8.94%) Security Analyst
5 283 (8.52%) Architect
6 267 (8.04%) Security Consultant
7 228 (6.87%) Security Manager
8 180 (5.42%) Trainee
9 176 (5.30%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 167 (5.03%) Developer
11 158 (4.76%) Security Architect
12 127 (3.82%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 118 (3.55%) Security Specialist
14 117 (3.52%) Cybersecurity Engineer
15 104 (3.13%) Cybersecurity Manager
16 90 (2.71%) IT Manager
16 90 (2.71%) Software Engineer
17 77 (2.32%) Senior Security Engineer
18 74 (2.23%) Senior Analyst
18 74 (2.23%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (3.04%) .NET
2 71 (2.14%) HTML
3 62 (1.87%) React
4 52 (1.57%) CSS
4 52 (1.57%) REST
5 48 (1.45%) Web Services
6 47 (1.42%) AngularJS
6 47 (1.42%) Kafka
7 41 (1.23%) Node.js
7 41 (1.23%) Spring
8 31 (0.93%) XML
9 29 (0.87%) RESTful
10 28 (0.84%) ASP.NET
10 28 (0.84%) HTML5
11 24 (0.72%) SOAP
11 24 (0.72%) Spring Boot
12 23 (0.69%) D3.js
13 22 (0.66%) Middleware
14 21 (0.63%) jQuery
15 20 (0.60%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 319 (9.61%) Management Information System
2 230 (6.93%) Analytical Skills
3 217 (6.53%) Driving Licence
4 203 (6.11%) Cyberthreat
5 133 (4.00%) Security Operations Centre
6 123 (3.70%) Cyberattack
7 119 (3.58%) Self-Motivation
8 84 (2.53%) PKI
9 83 (2.50%) Data Centre
10 79 (2.38%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 75 (2.26%) Cyber Defence
12 68 (2.05%) User Experience
13 66 (1.99%) Public Cloud
14 62 (1.87%) Cloud Native
15 48 (1.45%) Internet of Things
15 48 (1.45%) Mobile App
16 36 (1.08%) Cyber Kill Chain
17 34 (1.02%) Cybercrime
18 30 (0.90%) CESG
19 28 (0.84%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 464 (13.97%) Windows
2 389 (11.71%) Linux
3 138 (4.16%) Windows Server
4 87 (2.62%) Unix
5 54 (1.63%) Windows 10
6 51 (1.54%) Mac OS
7 47 (1.42%) Windows Server 2012
8 38 (1.14%) Kali Linux
8 38 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 30 (0.90%) Windows Server 2016
10 25 (0.75%) CentOS
11 23 (0.69%) Android
11 23 (0.69%) Apple iOS
12 18 (0.54%) Windows 7
13 16 (0.48%) Ubuntu
14 11 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
15 8 (0.24%) Solaris
16 7 (0.21%) Debian
17 5 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
18 4 (0.12%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 964 (29.03%) Information Security
2 543 (16.35%) SIEM
3 458 (13.79%) Security Operations
4 435 (13.10%) Risk Management
5 434 (13.07%) Agile Software Development
6 342 (10.30%) Penetration Testing
7 311 (9.36%) DevOps
8 289 (8.70%) Security Architecture
9 282 (8.49%) ITIL
10 247 (7.44%) Analytics
11 234 (7.05%) Vulnerability Management
12 232 (6.99%) Problem-Solving
13 217 (6.53%) Threat Intelligence
14 209 (6.29%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
15 198 (5.96%) Security Management
16 187 (5.63%) Project Management
17 183 (5.51%) Stakeholder Management
18 163 (4.91%) Computer Science
19 161 (4.85%) Software Engineering
20 155 (4.67%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 409 (12.32%) Python
2 235 (7.08%) Java
3 222 (6.68%) SQL
4 171 (5.15%) C
5 162 (4.88%) PowerShell
6 136 (4.10%) JavaScript
7 127 (3.82%) C++
8 112 (3.37%) Bash Shell
9 104 (3.13%) C#
10 65 (1.96%) Perl
11 38 (1.14%) Scala
12 31 (0.93%) Ruby
13 29 (0.87%) PHP
14 25 (0.75%) Go
15 22 (0.66%) R
16 20 (0.60%) Java 8
17 18 (0.54%) Shell Script
18 17 (0.51%) TypeScript
19 12 (0.36%) VB.NET
20 11 (0.33%) VBA
Qualifications
1 618 (18.61%) CISSP
2 506 (15.24%) Security Cleared
3 462 (13.91%) Degree
4 422 (12.71%) CISM
5 285 (8.58%) SC Cleared
6 194 (5.84%) CISA
7 186 (5.60%) Cisco Certification
8 155 (4.67%) DV Cleared
9 134 (4.03%) CEH
10 113 (3.40%) SANS
11 105 (3.16%) CREST Certified
12 102 (3.07%) CRISC
13 88 (2.65%) Microsoft Certification
14 85 (2.56%) CCNP
15 82 (2.47%) CESG Certified Professional
16 80 (2.41%) CCNA
17 76 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
18 75 (2.26%) OSCP
19 66 (1.99%) (ISC)2 CCSP
20 65 (1.96%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 505 (15.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 256 (7.71%) NIST
3 226 (6.81%) GDPR
4 213 (6.41%) PCI DSS
5 129 (3.88%) Cyber Essentials
6 91 (2.74%) NCSC
7 84 (2.53%) QA
8 76 (2.29%) COBIT
9 59 (1.78%) SLA
10 50 (1.51%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 43 (1.29%) JSP 440
11 43 (1.29%) NIST 800
12 40 (1.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 27 (0.81%) ISO 9001
13 27 (0.81%) RMADS
14 25 (0.75%) ISO 22301
15 23 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 22 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
17 16 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27005
18 11 (0.33%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 240 (7.23%) Active Directory
2 149 (4.49%) Docker
3 123 (3.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (1.57%) Hyper-V
5 24 (0.72%) Snort
6 14 (0.42%) Firmware
6 14 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.33%) VMware Workstation
8 7 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.15%) ProxySG
9 5 (0.15%) VMware NSX
9 5 (0.15%) vSphere
10 4 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.12%) XenApp
11 3 (0.090%) LXC
12 2 (0.060%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.060%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.060%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 2 (0.060%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.060%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 114 (3.43%) Kubernetes
2 86 (2.59%) Ansible
3 80 (2.41%) Terraform
4 52 (1.57%) QRadar
5 46 (1.39%) Nessus
6 32 (0.96%) SCCM
7 29 (0.87%) Puppet
8 25 (0.75%) Microsoft Intune
9 20 (0.60%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
10 19 (0.57%) CSIRT
11 18 (0.54%) Computer Incident Response Team
12 17 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
13 14 (0.42%) EnCase
13 14 (0.42%) SCOM
14 12 (0.36%) Nagios
14 12 (0.36%) WSUS
15 11 (0.33%) FortiGate
15 11 (0.33%) FTK
16 10 (0.30%) Host Intrusion Detection System
17 9 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 410 (12.35%) Microsoft
2 178 (5.36%) VMware
3 166 (5.00%) Splunk
4 157 (4.73%) Cisco
5 72 (2.17%) LogRhythm
6 71 (2.14%) Palo Alto
7 69 (2.08%) Google
8 51 (1.54%) ArcSight
8 51 (1.54%) CyberArk
9 47 (1.42%) IBM
10 46 (1.39%) Red Hat
11 44 (1.32%) CheckPoint
12 39 (1.17%) SolarWinds
13 38 (1.14%) Oracle
14 37 (1.11%) Juniper
15 36 (1.08%) SAP
16 35 (1.05%) Fortinet
17 33 (0.99%) Sophos
18 32 (0.96%) Citrix
19 31 (0.93%) McAfee