Period
to 25 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 25 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 76 104 168
Rank change year-on-year +28 +64 +25
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,657 4,650 3,710
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.73% 3.06% 2.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.05% 3.32% 2.31%
Number of salaries quoted 3,468 3,140 2,922
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £56,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% -2.65% -5.83%
10th Percentile £35,000 £28,889 £33,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £92,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,486 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +8.97% +3.09% -3.00%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 114,871 139,850 160,545
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.97% 92.16% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 90,930 110,348 129,622
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,500 £29,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,069 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.38% - +5.88%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +31 4,262 £59,377 +7.96% 853
UK excluding London +36 2,672 £54,486 +8.97% 662
London +16 1,821 £67,500 +3.85% 246
South East +50 801 £60,000 +9.09% 141
Midlands +38 511 £52,723 +17.16% 104
South West +26 464 £50,000 -4.76% 98
North of England +19 437 £52,500 +10.53% 183
West Midlands +63 412 £52,945 +17.66% 79
North West +46 285 £52,500 +5.00% 105
East of England +12 205 £51,000 +22.89% 78
Scotland +31 170 £54,500 +3.81% 30
Yorkshire -7 135 £50,000 +5.26% 63
East Midlands -41 96 £52,500 +9.42% 25
Wales +28 75 £49,000 +8.89% 29
North East +17 17 £67,500 +125.00% 15
Northern Ireland +4 12 £50,000 +11.11%
Channel Islands +5 2 £180,000 +300.00%

For the 6 months to 25 January 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,378 (29.59%) Information Security
2 1,053 (22.61%) CISSP
3 855 (18.36%) Finance
4 847 (18.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 800 (17.18%) SIEM
6 791 (16.99%) Firewall
7 749 (16.08%) Linux
8 743 (15.95%) Degree
9 730 (15.68%) CISM
10 714 (15.33%) Agile Software Development
11 709 (15.22%) Windows
12 693 (14.88%) Security Cleared
13 633 (13.59%) Security Operations
14 578 (12.41%) Azure
15 549 (11.79%) Management Information System
16 538 (11.55%) Microsoft
17 536 (11.51%) Python
18 516 (11.08%) AWS
19 495 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
20 486 (10.44%) Risk Management
21 466 (10.01%) Penetration Testing
22 449 (9.64%) Security Architecture
23 442 (9.49%) Analytical Skills
24 410 (8.80%) SC Cleared
25 393 (8.44%) NIST
26 381 (8.18%) Vulnerability Management
27 378 (8.12%) Java
28 375 (8.05%) Stakeholder Management
29 371 (7.97%) Analytics
30 369 (7.92%) ITIL

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (2.17%) IIS
2 84 (1.80%) MS Exchange
3 83 (1.78%) SharePoint
4 69 (1.48%) Apache Spark
5 55 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
6 47 (1.01%) Confluence
7 34 (0.73%) OpenStack
8 32 (0.69%) Exchange Server 2010
9 17 (0.37%) Apache
9 17 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
10 15 (0.32%) Skype for Business
11 13 (0.28%) IBM Domino
12 12 (0.26%) JBoss
13 11 (0.24%) CMS
13 11 (0.24%) IBM Notes
13 11 (0.24%) WordPress
14 7 (0.15%) Drupal
15 6 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
15 6 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2013
16 4 (0.086%) EPiServer
Applications
1 87 (1.87%) Microsoft Office
2 59 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 5 (0.11%) Camtasia
7 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.086%) Gephi
8 4 (0.086%) InVision
9 3 (0.064%) HipChat
10 1 (0.021%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 23 (0.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 19 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.17%) Relativity
4 7 (0.15%) Veritas eDiscovery
5 3 (0.064%) Visualfiles
6 2 (0.043%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.043%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.043%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.043%) Sage 200
6 2 (0.043%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.043%) SAP GRC
7 1 (0.021%) Sage 50
7 1 (0.021%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 578 (12.41%) Azure
2 516 (11.08%) AWS
3 326 (7.00%) Office 365
4 134 (2.88%) SaaS
5 132 (2.83%) GCP
6 125 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
7 113 (2.43%) IaaS
8 88 (1.89%) PaaS
9 43 (0.92%) Serverless
10 36 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
11 33 (0.71%) Power Platform
12 31 (0.67%) G Suite
13 25 (0.54%) OpenShift
14 24 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
15 23 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
16 22 (0.47%) PowerApps
17 21 (0.45%) Mimecast
18 20 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 17 (0.37%) Microsoft Flow
19 17 (0.37%) ShareGate
Communications & Networking
1 791 (16.99%) Firewall
2 335 (7.19%) Network Security
3 283 (6.08%) TCP/IP
4 226 (4.85%) Intrusion Detection
5 222 (4.77%) Internet
6 204 (4.38%) WAN
7 161 (3.46%) LAN
8 159 (3.41%) DNS
9 116 (2.49%) VPN
10 71 (1.52%) DHCP
10 71 (1.52%) HTTP
11 69 (1.48%) Wireless
12 61 (1.31%) Unified Communications
13 55 (1.18%) Cisco ASA
13 55 (1.18%) MPLS
14 51 (1.10%) SAN
14 51 (1.10%) Wireshark
15 46 (0.99%) HTTPS
16 45 (0.97%) IPsec
17 42 (0.90%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (4.19%) Big Data
2 98 (2.10%) SQL Server
3 51 (1.10%) NoSQL
4 49 (1.05%) MySQL
5 47 (1.01%) Blockchain
6 40 (0.86%) Hadoop
6 40 (0.86%) MongoDB
7 33 (0.71%) Relational Database
8 26 (0.56%) Apache Hive
9 19 (0.41%) Apache Cassandra
9 19 (0.41%) Impala
9 19 (0.41%) PostgreSQL
10 18 (0.39%) Data Mining
10 18 (0.39%) Redis
11 17 (0.37%) RDBMS
12 16 (0.34%) Power BI
13 14 (0.30%) EDRMS
14 12 (0.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (0.26%) Maltego
15 11 (0.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 117 (2.51%) JIRA
2 107 (2.30%) Jenkins
3 92 (1.98%) Git (software)
4 67 (1.44%) Bitbucket
5 53 (1.14%) Selenium
6 43 (0.92%) git-flow
7 34 (0.73%) Metasploit
8 30 (0.64%) Visual Studio
9 28 (0.60%) Burp Suite
10 26 (0.56%) PhantomJS
11 25 (0.54%) Cucumber
12 24 (0.52%) TeamCity
13 23 (0.49%) Bitbucket Server
14 22 (0.47%) GitLab
15 17 (0.37%) JUnit
15 17 (0.37%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 16 (0.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 16 (0.34%) NUnit
17 15 (0.32%) JMeter
18 13 (0.28%) Maven
General
1 855 (18.36%) Finance
2 235 (5.05%) Public Sector
3 222 (4.77%) Law
4 169 (3.63%) Retail
5 164 (3.52%) Legal
6 151 (3.24%) Telecoms
7 143 (3.07%) Marketing
8 134 (2.88%) Banking
9 108 (2.32%) Military
10 103 (2.21%) Games
11 96 (2.06%) Aerospace
12 66 (1.42%) Manufacturing
13 44 (0.94%) Electronics
13 44 (0.94%) Financial Institution
14 25 (0.54%) Advertising
15 23 (0.49%) Local Government
16 13 (0.28%) German Language
16 13 (0.28%) Investment Banking
17 12 (0.26%) Automotive
18 11 (0.24%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 755 (16.21%) Analyst
2 648 (13.91%) Consultant
3 479 (10.29%) Security Analyst
4 422 (9.06%) Security Engineer
5 391 (8.40%) Security Consultant
6 377 (8.10%) Architect
7 325 (6.98%) Security Manager
8 255 (5.48%) Developer
9 224 (4.81%) Cybersecurity Engineer
10 223 (4.79%) Security Architect
11 220 (4.72%) Cybersecurity Consultant
12 165 (3.54%) Software Engineer
13 153 (3.29%) Cybersecurity Analyst
14 148 (3.18%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 143 (3.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 138 (2.96%) Security Specialist
17 133 (2.86%) SOC Analyst
18 127 (2.73%) Information Manager
19 120 (2.58%) Information Security Manager
20 113 (2.43%) Information Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (3.76%) .NET
2 147 (3.16%) HTML
3 145 (3.11%) AngularJS
4 144 (3.09%) Node.js
5 125 (2.68%) React
6 120 (2.58%) Web Services
7 108 (2.32%) CSS
8 89 (1.91%) REST
9 70 (1.50%) Spring
10 64 (1.37%) ASP.NET
11 60 (1.29%) jQuery
12 52 (1.12%) Kafka
12 52 (1.12%) RESTful
13 49 (1.05%) XML
14 48 (1.03%) .NET Framework
15 46 (0.99%) HTML5
16 45 (0.97%) OAuth
16 45 (0.97%) SailPoint
17 39 (0.84%) Vue.js
18 38 (0.82%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 549 (11.79%) Management Information System
2 442 (9.49%) Analytical Skills
3 247 (5.30%) Cyberthreat
4 193 (4.14%) Security Operations Centre
5 191 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
6 144 (3.09%) Cyber Defence
7 141 (3.03%) Data Centre
8 123 (2.64%) Cyberattack
9 96 (2.06%) PKI
10 93 (2.00%) Cyber Kill Chain
11 90 (1.93%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 86 (1.85%) User Experience
13 70 (1.50%) Internet of Things
14 50 (1.07%) Cybercrime
14 50 (1.07%) Public Cloud
15 48 (1.03%) Private Cloud
16 47 (1.01%) Greenfield Project
17 46 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
18 43 (0.92%) CESG
19 37 (0.79%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 749 (16.08%) Linux
2 709 (15.22%) Windows
3 237 (5.09%) Windows Server
4 191 (4.10%) Unix
5 98 (2.10%) Windows Server 2012
6 84 (1.80%) Windows 10
7 66 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 60 (1.29%) Android
8 60 (1.29%) Windows Server 2008
9 47 (1.01%) Ubuntu
10 45 (0.97%) Kali Linux
11 40 (0.86%) Apple iOS
12 37 (0.79%) CentOS
13 25 (0.54%) Windows 7
14 20 (0.43%) AIX
14 20 (0.43%) Debian
15 16 (0.34%) Mac OS
16 14 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
17 13 (0.28%) Solaris
18 8 (0.17%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,378 (29.59%) Information Security
2 800 (17.18%) SIEM
3 714 (15.33%) Agile Software Development
4 633 (13.59%) Security Operations
5 495 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
6 486 (10.44%) Risk Management
7 466 (10.01%) Penetration Testing
8 449 (9.64%) Security Architecture
9 381 (8.18%) Vulnerability Management
10 375 (8.05%) Stakeholder Management
11 371 (7.97%) Analytics
12 369 (7.92%) ITIL
13 359 (7.71%) DevOps
14 349 (7.49%) Software Engineering
15 302 (6.48%) Project Management
16 292 (6.27%) Threat Intelligence
17 268 (5.75%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
18 244 (5.24%) Security Management
19 242 (5.20%) Identity Access Management
20 229 (4.92%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 536 (11.51%) Python
2 378 (8.12%) Java
3 333 (7.15%) C
4 289 (6.21%) JavaScript
5 256 (5.50%) C++
6 236 (5.07%) SQL
7 196 (4.21%) C#
8 191 (4.10%) Bash Shell
9 187 (4.02%) PowerShell
10 79 (1.70%) Ruby
11 71 (1.52%) Go
12 66 (1.42%) Perl
13 60 (1.29%) PHP
14 31 (0.67%) Scala
14 31 (0.67%) TypeScript
15 27 (0.58%) R
16 25 (0.54%) Java 8
17 23 (0.49%) VB.NET
18 16 (0.34%) Shell Script
19 13 (0.28%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,053 (22.61%) CISSP
2 743 (15.95%) Degree
3 730 (15.68%) CISM
4 693 (14.88%) Security Cleared
5 410 (8.80%) SC Cleared
6 276 (5.93%) CISA
7 257 (5.52%) Cisco Certification
8 173 (3.71%) CEH
9 172 (3.69%) DV Cleared
10 163 (3.50%) CRISC
11 156 (3.35%) CESG Certified Professional
12 141 (3.03%) CREST Certified
12 141 (3.03%) SANS
13 127 (2.73%) CompTIA Security+
14 112 (2.40%) GIAC
15 110 (2.36%) CCNA
16 98 (2.10%) CCNP
16 98 (2.10%) OSCP
17 89 (1.91%) Microsoft Certification
18 85 (1.83%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 847 (18.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 393 (8.44%) NIST
3 317 (6.81%) GDPR
4 283 (6.08%) PCI DSS
5 162 (3.48%) Cyber Essentials
6 123 (2.64%) NCSC
6 123 (2.64%) QA
7 112 (2.40%) COBIT
8 88 (1.89%) SLA
9 79 (1.70%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 70 (1.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 54 (1.16%) JSP 440
12 48 (1.03%) NIST 800
13 44 (0.94%) ISO 22301
14 42 (0.90%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 42 (0.90%) RMADS
15 40 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 38 (0.82%) ISO 9001
17 17 (0.37%) HIPAA
17 17 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 294 (6.31%) Active Directory
2 181 (3.89%) Docker
3 140 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 85 (1.83%) Hyper-V
5 44 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
6 30 (0.64%) Firmware
7 19 (0.41%) Apache Flume
8 16 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
8 16 (0.34%) XenApp
9 14 (0.30%) Snort
9 14 (0.30%) vSphere
10 10 (0.21%) BitLocker
10 10 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
11 8 (0.17%) RACF
12 7 (0.15%) VMware NSX
13 6 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 6 (0.13%) ProxySG
13 6 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.086%) KVM
Systems Management
1 166 (3.56%) Ansible
2 146 (3.14%) Kubernetes
3 125 (2.68%) Terraform
4 105 (2.25%) Nessus
5 100 (2.15%) Puppet
6 91 (1.95%) SCCM
7 85 (1.83%) Opscode Chef
8 68 (1.46%) QRadar
9 36 (0.77%) Nmap
10 33 (0.71%) WSUS
11 29 (0.62%) SCOrch
12 28 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
13 24 (0.52%) SCOM
14 23 (0.49%) FortiGate
15 22 (0.47%) CASB
15 22 (0.47%) EnCase
15 22 (0.47%) Oozie
16 18 (0.39%) Microsoft Intune
17 17 (0.37%) CSIRT
17 17 (0.37%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 538 (11.55%) Microsoft
2 264 (5.67%) Splunk
3 254 (5.45%) Cisco
4 243 (5.22%) VMware
5 149 (3.20%) Google
6 120 (2.58%) Palo Alto
7 99 (2.13%) LogRhythm
8 79 (1.70%) Symantec
9 76 (1.63%) CyberArk
10 70 (1.50%) Qualys
11 65 (1.40%) Red Hat
11 65 (1.40%) ServiceNow
12 64 (1.37%) ArcSight
13 63 (1.35%) SolarWinds
14 57 (1.22%) IBM
15 56 (1.20%) Citrix
15 56 (1.20%) Oracle
16 53 (1.14%) McAfee
17 50 (1.07%) CheckPoint
18 48 (1.03%) Fortinet