Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 76 114 181
Rank change year-on-year +38 +67 +6
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,924 4,764 3,581
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.59% 2.91% 1.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.90% 3.17% 2.15%
Number of salaries quoted 3,619 3,351 2,844
UK median annual salary £58,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.74% - -4.17%
10th Percentile £34,250 £31,250 £33,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £92,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,945 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.89% - -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,225 150,194 166,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.06% 91.82% 92.21%
Number of salaries quoted 99,734 119,570 131,835
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +35 4,522 £58,500 +1.74% 916
UK excluding London +43 2,804 £52,945 +5.89% 736
London +16 1,944 £67,500 +3.85% 254
South East +30 797 £62,500 +13.64% 201
South West +30 530 £52,500 +10.53% 110
North of England +20 484 £52,500 +12.90% 161
Midlands +94 480 £52,500 +16.67% 116
West Midlands +124 374 £51,000 +13.33% 77
North West +45 335 £52,500 +0.41% 95
East of England -10 249 £50,000 +11.11% 77
Scotland +27 185 £48,750 -6.25% 33
Yorkshire -35 136 £50,000 +11.11% 52
East Midlands -1 103 £52,500 +9.42% 39
Wales +28 55 £47,500 +9.20% 36
Northern Ireland +4 22 £57,500 +27.78% 5
North East +15 13 £61,000 +10.91% 14
Channel Islands +10 1 £180,000 +300.00%

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,391 (28.25%) Information Security
2 1,104 (22.42%) CISSP
3 977 (19.84%) Linux
4 923 (18.74%) Degree
5 877 (17.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 852 (17.30%) SIEM
7 849 (17.24%) Finance
8 846 (17.18%) Firewall
9 803 (16.31%) Windows
10 800 (16.25%) Security Cleared
11 799 (16.23%) Agile Software Development
12 720 (14.62%) Security Operations
13 715 (14.52%) CISM
14 641 (13.02%) Microsoft
15 621 (12.61%) Management Information System
16 616 (12.51%) Problem-Solving
17 602 (12.23%) Azure
18 594 (12.06%) Python
19 574 (11.66%) AWS
20 532 (10.80%) Security Architecture
21 531 (10.78%) Penetration Testing
22 504 (10.24%) Analytical Skills
23 487 (9.89%) Risk Management
24 467 (9.48%) SC Cleared
25 445 (9.04%) C
26 435 (8.83%) Stakeholder Management
27 426 (8.65%) Java
28 410 (8.33%) ITIL
29 408 (8.29%) Software Engineering
30 406 (8.25%) Network Security

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (2.50%) MS Exchange
2 111 (2.25%) Apache Spark
3 88 (1.79%) IIS
4 86 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
4 86 (1.75%) SharePoint
5 68 (1.38%) OpenStack
6 56 (1.14%) Confluence
7 28 (0.57%) Exchange Server 2010
8 22 (0.45%) Skype for Business
9 18 (0.37%) Exchange Server 2013
10 15 (0.30%) Apache
11 13 (0.26%) IBM Domino
12 11 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
12 11 (0.22%) IBM Notes
13 10 (0.20%) Tomcat
13 10 (0.20%) WordPress
14 7 (0.14%) CMS
14 7 (0.14%) WebLogic
14 7 (0.14%) WebSphere
15 6 (0.12%) nginx
Applications
1 72 (1.46%) Microsoft Office
2 55 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (0.32%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.14%) Gephi
6 6 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.081%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.081%) InVision
9 3 (0.061%) HipChat
10 2 (0.041%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.020%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 38 (0.77%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 12 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.14%) SAP GRC
4 5 (0.10%) Relativity
5 2 (0.041%) Actimize
5 2 (0.041%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.041%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.041%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.020%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.020%) Sage 200
6 1 (0.020%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 602 (12.23%) Azure
2 574 (11.66%) AWS
3 338 (6.86%) Office 365
4 173 (3.51%) GCP
5 151 (3.07%) SaaS
6 121 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
7 96 (1.95%) IaaS
8 80 (1.62%) PaaS
9 55 (1.12%) OpenShift
10 44 (0.89%) G Suite
11 31 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
11 31 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
12 27 (0.55%) Serverless
13 24 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
13 24 (0.49%) Power Platform
14 22 (0.45%) Mimecast
15 21 (0.43%) Amazon ECS
16 19 (0.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 16 (0.32%) Dynamics 365
18 15 (0.30%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 846 (17.18%) Firewall
2 406 (8.25%) Network Security
3 318 (6.46%) TCP/IP
4 266 (5.40%) Internet
5 254 (5.16%) Intrusion Detection
6 224 (4.55%) WAN
7 175 (3.55%) LAN
8 174 (3.53%) DNS
9 166 (3.37%) VPN
10 84 (1.71%) DHCP
11 83 (1.69%) MPLS
12 73 (1.48%) HTTPS
13 71 (1.44%) Wireless
14 70 (1.42%) HTTP
15 69 (1.40%) Unified Communications
16 65 (1.32%) Cisco ASA
17 63 (1.28%) IPsec
17 63 (1.28%) SSL
18 54 (1.10%) SAN
19 45 (0.91%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 250 (5.08%) Big Data
2 108 (2.19%) SQL Server
3 91 (1.85%) NoSQL
4 70 (1.42%) MySQL
5 57 (1.16%) Apache Hive
6 51 (1.04%) Impala
7 44 (0.89%) MongoDB
8 43 (0.87%) PostgreSQL
9 41 (0.83%) Blockchain
10 32 (0.65%) Hadoop
11 23 (0.47%) Relational Database
12 22 (0.45%) Redis
13 14 (0.28%) Azure SQL Database
14 13 (0.26%) SAP HANA
15 12 (0.24%) Data Mining
15 12 (0.24%) Maltego
16 11 (0.22%) Apache Cassandra
17 10 (0.20%) RDBMS
18 9 (0.18%) Power BI
18 9 (0.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 159 (3.23%) JIRA
2 155 (3.15%) Git (software)
3 139 (2.82%) Jenkins
4 123 (2.50%) Bitbucket
5 89 (1.81%) git-flow
6 70 (1.42%) Selenium
7 52 (1.06%) Bitbucket Server
8 40 (0.81%) PhantomJS
9 36 (0.73%) JUnit
10 31 (0.63%) Cucumber
11 25 (0.51%) Visual Studio
12 24 (0.49%) Metasploit
12 24 (0.49%) TeamCity
13 23 (0.47%) Burp Suite
14 20 (0.41%) JMeter
15 18 (0.37%) GitLab
15 18 (0.37%) Subversion
16 15 (0.30%) Mockito
16 15 (0.30%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 13 (0.26%) Maven
General
1 849 (17.24%) Finance
2 269 (5.46%) Public Sector
3 229 (4.65%) Retail
4 214 (4.35%) Banking
5 206 (4.18%) Law
6 168 (3.41%) Telecoms
7 163 (3.31%) Legal
8 143 (2.90%) Marketing
9 115 (2.34%) Aerospace
10 110 (2.23%) Games
11 87 (1.77%) Manufacturing
12 83 (1.69%) Military
13 55 (1.12%) Electronics
14 27 (0.55%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.41%) Local Government
16 19 (0.39%) Advertising
16 19 (0.39%) Publishing
17 17 (0.35%) Multimedia
18 16 (0.32%) Investment Banking
19 15 (0.30%) French Language
Job Titles
1 783 (15.90%) Consultant
2 777 (15.78%) Analyst
3 493 (10.01%) Security Analyst
4 448 (9.10%) Architect
5 432 (8.77%) Security Engineer
6 419 (8.51%) Security Consultant
7 312 (6.34%) Security Manager
8 257 (5.22%) Security Architect
9 244 (4.96%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 244 (4.96%) Developer
10 233 (4.73%) Cybersecurity Engineer
11 195 (3.96%) Security Specialist
12 174 (3.53%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 159 (3.23%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 154 (3.13%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 152 (3.09%) Software Engineer
16 134 (2.72%) DevOps Engineer
17 130 (2.64%) SOC Analyst
18 129 (2.62%) Cybersecurity Specialist
19 126 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 149 (3.03%) Node.js
2 140 (2.84%) HTML
3 139 (2.82%) .NET
4 120 (2.44%) AngularJS
5 111 (2.25%) React
6 106 (2.15%) REST
7 105 (2.13%) Web Services
8 101 (2.05%) CSS
8 101 (2.05%) Kafka
9 91 (1.85%) Spring
10 76 (1.54%) ASP.NET
11 62 (1.26%) Elastic Stack
12 54 (1.10%) Vue.js
13 51 (1.04%) RESTful
14 50 (1.02%) OAuth
14 50 (1.02%) SailPoint
15 44 (0.89%) GraphQL
15 44 (0.89%) HTML5
15 44 (0.89%) Spring MVC
16 43 (0.87%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 621 (12.61%) Management Information System
2 504 (10.24%) Analytical Skills
3 255 (5.18%) Security Operations Centre
4 248 (5.04%) Cyberthreat
5 153 (3.11%) Data Centre
6 143 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
7 140 (2.84%) Cyberattack
8 127 (2.58%) Cyber Defence
9 112 (2.27%) Cyber Kill Chain
10 101 (2.05%) PKI
11 99 (2.01%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 91 (1.85%) Internet of Things
13 63 (1.28%) Private Cloud
14 59 (1.20%) Cybercrime
14 59 (1.20%) Mobile App
15 54 (1.10%) User Experience
16 50 (1.02%) Public Cloud
17 48 (0.97%) Analytical Mindset
18 45 (0.91%) Driving Licence
19 42 (0.85%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 977 (19.84%) Linux
2 803 (16.31%) Windows
3 270 (5.48%) Windows Server
4 229 (4.65%) Unix
5 113 (2.29%) Windows Server 2012
6 92 (1.87%) Android
7 75 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 74 (1.50%) Apple iOS
9 71 (1.44%) Windows 10
10 69 (1.40%) CentOS
11 66 (1.34%) Ubuntu
12 62 (1.26%) Windows Server 2008
13 34 (0.69%) Mac OS
14 31 (0.63%) Kali Linux
15 22 (0.45%) AIX
16 19 (0.39%) Windows 7
17 17 (0.35%) Debian
18 16 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
19 9 (0.18%) Fedora
20 6 (0.12%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,391 (28.25%) Information Security
2 852 (17.30%) SIEM
3 799 (16.23%) Agile Software Development
4 720 (14.62%) Security Operations
5 616 (12.51%) Problem-Solving
6 532 (10.80%) Security Architecture
7 531 (10.78%) Penetration Testing
8 487 (9.89%) Risk Management
9 435 (8.83%) Stakeholder Management
10 410 (8.33%) ITIL
11 408 (8.29%) Software Engineering
12 399 (8.10%) DevOps
13 383 (7.78%) Vulnerability Management
14 343 (6.97%) Analytics
15 307 (6.23%) Project Management
16 272 (5.52%) Data Protection
16 272 (5.52%) Threat Intelligence
17 263 (5.34%) Incident Management
18 260 (5.28%) Security Management
19 254 (5.16%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 594 (12.06%) Python
2 445 (9.04%) C
3 426 (8.65%) Java
4 312 (6.34%) C++
5 295 (5.99%) JavaScript
6 252 (5.12%) Bash Shell
7 250 (5.08%) SQL
8 218 (4.43%) PowerShell
9 168 (3.41%) C#
10 106 (2.15%) Perl
11 74 (1.50%) Go
12 64 (1.30%) Ruby
13 56 (1.14%) R
14 46 (0.93%) PHP
15 42 (0.85%) TypeScript
16 26 (0.53%) Scala
17 21 (0.43%) Java 8
18 19 (0.39%) Embedded C
18 19 (0.39%) Shell Script
19 17 (0.35%) VB
Qualifications
1 1,104 (22.42%) CISSP
2 923 (18.74%) Degree
3 800 (16.25%) Security Cleared
4 715 (14.52%) CISM
5 467 (9.48%) SC Cleared
6 329 (6.68%) CISA
7 306 (6.21%) Cisco Certification
8 207 (4.20%) DV Cleared
9 176 (3.57%) CEH
10 175 (3.55%) SANS
11 166 (3.37%) CCNA
12 159 (3.23%) CompTIA Security+
12 159 (3.23%) CRISC
13 156 (3.17%) CREST Certified
14 148 (3.01%) GIAC
15 136 (2.76%) CESG Certified Professional
16 126 (2.56%) Microsoft Certification
17 106 (2.15%) CCNP
18 99 (2.01%) SSCP
19 93 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 877 (17.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 403 (8.18%) NIST
3 367 (7.45%) GDPR
4 304 (6.17%) PCI DSS
5 145 (2.94%) Cyber Essentials
6 122 (2.48%) COBIT
7 107 (2.17%) NCSC
8 106 (2.15%) QA
9 90 (1.83%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 86 (1.75%) SLA
11 80 (1.62%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 70 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 54 (1.10%) JSP 440
14 41 (0.83%) NIST 800
15 40 (0.81%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 38 (0.77%) ISO 22301
17 36 (0.73%) ISO 9001
18 34 (0.69%) RMADS
19 27 (0.55%) HMG Infosec
20 23 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 319 (6.48%) Active Directory
2 226 (4.59%) Docker
3 169 (3.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 92 (1.87%) Hyper-V
5 59 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
6 50 (1.02%) Apache Flume
7 27 (0.55%) Firmware
8 20 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (0.28%) Snort
9 14 (0.28%) XenApp
10 13 (0.26%) VirtualBox
11 12 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 12 (0.24%) vSphere
11 12 (0.24%) Xen
12 11 (0.22%) NFS
12 11 (0.22%) RACF
12 11 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
13 10 (0.20%) BitLocker
13 10 (0.20%) KVM
13 10 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 193 (3.92%) Kubernetes
2 183 (3.72%) Ansible
3 153 (3.11%) Puppet
4 144 (2.92%) Terraform
5 125 (2.54%) Nessus
6 113 (2.29%) SCCM
7 106 (2.15%) Opscode Chef
8 83 (1.69%) QRadar
9 54 (1.10%) Oozie
10 38 (0.77%) SCOM
11 32 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
12 30 (0.61%) CASB
12 30 (0.61%) FortiGate
13 28 (0.57%) SCOrch
13 28 (0.57%) WSUS
14 27 (0.55%) McAfee ePO
14 27 (0.55%) Nmap
15 24 (0.49%) CSIRT
15 24 (0.49%) Nagios
16 19 (0.39%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
Vendors
1 641 (13.02%) Microsoft
2 374 (7.60%) Splunk
3 286 (5.81%) Cisco
4 266 (5.40%) VMware
5 196 (3.98%) Google
6 142 (2.88%) Palo Alto
7 123 (2.50%) LogRhythm
8 111 (2.25%) ServiceNow
9 110 (2.23%) Symantec
10 99 (2.01%) CyberArk
11 78 (1.58%) McAfee
12 74 (1.50%) Qualys
13 73 (1.48%) ArcSight
14 71 (1.44%) Citrix
15 69 (1.40%) Red Hat
16 60 (1.22%) IBM
16 60 (1.22%) SolarWinds
17 59 (1.20%) CheckPoint
18 53 (1.08%) Fortinet
19 51 (1.04%) Juniper