Period
to 23 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 23 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 79 79 108
Rank change year-on-year 0 +29 +72
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 2,124 4,877 4,817
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.92% 3.61% 2.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.25% 3.91% 3.22%
Number of salaries quoted 1,884 3,764 3,538
Median annual salary £60,000 £58,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.56% +1.74% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 49,970 124,639 149,794
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.26% 92.19% 91.96%
Number of salaries quoted 41,486 98,615 119,146
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +4.65%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1,905 £62,500 +4.17% 473
UK excluding London -7 1,069 £55,000 - 342
London +20 928 £67,500 +2.27% 167
South East +9 267 £55,000 -12.00% 89
North of England +29 249 £52,500 - 71
Work from Home +3 248 £60,000 -7.69% 70
Midlands -5 180 £60,000 +15.38% 45
North West +22 174 £50,000 -4.76% 41
South West -15 174 £57,500 +9.52% 45
West Midlands -5 147 £60,000 +20.00% 30
Scotland -3 68 £47,738 -13.20% 24
East of England +13 66 £47,500 -5.00% 52
Yorkshire +32 58 £55,000 +10.00% 25
Northern Ireland +43 44 £50,000 -13.04% 7
East Midlands +11 29 £60,000 +14.29% 15
Wales +18 21 £45,000 -5.26% 9
North East +24 17 £52,850 -13.36% 5
Channel Islands +3 1 £120,000 -33.33%

For the 6 months to 23 November 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 651 (30.65%) Information Security
2 464 (21.85%) Finance
3 446 (21.00%) CISSP
4 420 (19.77%) Firewall
5 388 (18.27%) Azure
6 372 (17.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 349 (16.43%) Agile Software Development
8 346 (16.29%) SIEM
9 331 (15.58%) AWS
9 331 (15.58%) Security Operations
10 329 (15.49%) Microsoft
11 308 (14.50%) Degree
12 304 (14.31%) NIST
13 300 (14.12%) Linux
14 293 (13.79%) Python
15 291 (13.70%) Windows
16 288 (13.56%) Security Cleared
17 277 (13.04%) CISM
18 274 (12.90%) Management Information System
19 256 (12.05%) DevOps
20 234 (11.02%) Penetration Testing
21 226 (10.64%) Risk Management
22 212 (9.98%) ITIL
23 205 (9.65%) Active Directory
24 201 (9.46%) Java
25 200 (9.42%) Vulnerability Management
26 185 (8.71%) Office 365
27 176 (8.29%) SC Cleared
27 176 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
28 175 (8.24%) Identity Access Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (2.40%) SharePoint
2 33 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (1.46%) Confluence
4 21 (0.99%) Apache Spark
5 18 (0.85%) MS Exchange
6 14 (0.66%) IIS
7 10 (0.47%) Apache
8 7 (0.33%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.28%) CMS
10 5 (0.24%) JBoss
10 5 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.24%) Skype for Business
11 4 (0.19%) Jadu
12 3 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2010
12 3 (0.14%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.14%) WildFly
13 2 (0.094%) Ethereum
13 2 (0.094%) MS Project Server
13 2 (0.094%) nginx
13 2 (0.094%) Tomcat
Applications
1 48 (2.26%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (0.99%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.14%) InVision
5 3 (0.14%) Moqups
5 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.14%) Sketch
6 2 (0.094%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.047%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.047%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (0.52%) Sentinel
1 11 (0.52%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.24%) SAP CRM
4 3 (0.14%) SAP GRC
4 3 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.094%) JDE OneWorld
5 2 (0.094%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.094%) Quorum
6 1 (0.047%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.047%) Primavera
6 1 (0.047%) Q-Pulse
Cloud Services
1 388 (18.27%) Azure
2 331 (15.58%) AWS
3 185 (8.71%) Office 365
4 164 (7.72%) SaaS
5 102 (4.80%) IaaS
6 76 (3.58%) PaaS
7 61 (2.87%) GCP
8 38 (1.79%) Serverless
9 31 (1.46%) Azure Active Directory
10 30 (1.41%) Cloud Computing
11 23 (1.08%) Mimecast
12 22 (1.04%) Amazon GuardDuty
13 21 (0.99%) Power Platform
14 19 (0.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 19 (0.89%) Azure Functions
14 19 (0.89%) Dynamics 365
14 19 (0.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 16 (0.75%) OneDrive
16 13 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
16 13 (0.61%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 420 (19.77%) Firewall
2 159 (7.49%) Network Security
3 131 (6.17%) Internet
4 129 (6.07%) Intrusion Detection
5 99 (4.66%) LAN
6 90 (4.24%) WAN
7 84 (3.95%) TCP/IP
8 83 (3.91%) VPN
9 78 (3.67%) DNS
10 47 (2.21%) Wireless
11 29 (1.37%) HTTP
12 22 (1.04%) Cisco Firepower
12 22 (1.04%) Wireshark
13 19 (0.89%) SSL
14 18 (0.85%) DHCP
15 17 (0.80%) Skype
16 16 (0.75%) SMTP
16 16 (0.75%) VLAN
17 14 (0.66%) Cisco ASA
18 13 (0.61%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (4.99%) Big Data
2 50 (2.35%) NoSQL
3 44 (2.07%) MySQL
3 44 (2.07%) SQL Server
4 29 (1.37%) Data Lake
5 22 (1.04%) PostgreSQL
6 16 (0.75%) MongoDB
7 13 (0.61%) Power BI
8 12 (0.56%) Data Warehouse
9 11 (0.52%) Amazon RDS
9 11 (0.52%) Tableau
10 9 (0.42%) Hadoop
10 9 (0.42%) Relational Database
10 9 (0.42%) SQL Server 2012
11 8 (0.38%) Blockchain
12 7 (0.33%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (0.24%) Oracle Database
14 4 (0.19%) GIS
14 4 (0.19%) RDBMS
14 4 (0.19%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 48 (2.26%) JIRA
2 41 (1.93%) Jenkins
3 28 (1.32%) Git (software)
4 24 (1.13%) TeamCity
5 22 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 21 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
7 16 (0.75%) Metasploit
8 14 (0.66%) GitLab
9 9 (0.42%) Team Foundation Server
10 7 (0.33%) Eclipse
10 7 (0.33%) Selenium
10 7 (0.33%) WebScarab
11 6 (0.28%) Subversion
11 6 (0.28%) Visual Studio Team System
12 5 (0.24%) Bitbucket
12 5 (0.24%) Burp Suite
12 5 (0.24%) Cucumber
13 4 (0.19%) webpack
14 3 (0.14%) Rational Rhapsody
14 3 (0.14%) WebStorm
General
1 464 (21.85%) Finance
2 136 (6.40%) Public Sector
3 122 (5.74%) Marketing
4 119 (5.60%) Manufacturing
5 111 (5.23%) Banking
6 102 (4.80%) Telecoms
7 83 (3.91%) Legal
8 82 (3.86%) Law
9 72 (3.39%) Electronics
10 48 (2.26%) Aerospace
11 45 (2.12%) Retail
12 35 (1.65%) Local Government
13 14 (0.66%) Automotive
14 13 (0.61%) Advertising
15 10 (0.47%) Games
15 10 (0.47%) Investment Banking
16 8 (0.38%) Digital Economy
16 8 (0.38%) Military
16 8 (0.38%) Private Banking
16 8 (0.38%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 300 (14.12%) Analyst
2 234 (11.02%) Consultant
3 229 (10.78%) Security Engineer
4 201 (9.46%) Security Analyst
5 172 (8.10%) Architect
6 162 (7.63%) Developer
7 139 (6.54%) Security Manager
8 134 (6.31%) Security Consultant
9 84 (3.95%) Cybersecurity Manager
10 82 (3.86%) Security Specialist
11 74 (3.48%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 72 (3.39%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 68 (3.20%) Information Analyst
13 68 (3.20%) Information Security Analyst
14 66 (3.11%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 63 (2.97%) Security Architect
16 59 (2.78%) Java Developer
17 57 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
18 55 (2.59%) IT Manager
18 55 (2.59%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (2.97%) .NET
2 56 (2.64%) Node.js
3 51 (2.40%) React
4 47 (2.21%) Spring
5 36 (1.69%) Kafka
6 34 (1.60%) CSS
6 34 (1.60%) Web Services
7 33 (1.55%) AngularJS
8 32 (1.51%) HTML
9 22 (1.04%) SAML
10 21 (0.99%) Spring Boot
11 19 (0.89%) .NET Framework
12 17 (0.80%) Vue.js
13 16 (0.75%) OAuth
14 14 (0.66%) REST
15 13 (0.61%) JSON
16 12 (0.56%) HTML5
16 12 (0.56%) Laravel
17 11 (0.52%) Apache NiFi
17 11 (0.52%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 274 (12.90%) Management Information System
2 167 (7.86%) Analytical Skills
3 153 (7.20%) Cyberthreat
4 103 (4.85%) Security Operations Centre
5 65 (3.06%) Internet of Things
6 63 (2.97%) Cyberattack
7 57 (2.68%) Public Cloud
8 52 (2.45%) Mobile App
9 49 (2.31%) Data Centre
10 43 (2.02%) Cyber Kill Chain
11 42 (1.98%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 39 (1.84%) PKI
13 38 (1.79%) Cloud Native
14 37 (1.74%) User Experience
15 36 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
16 29 (1.37%) Data Protection Act
17 27 (1.27%) Cyber Defence
18 23 (1.08%) Greenfield Project
19 19 (0.89%) Virtual Team
20 18 (0.85%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 300 (14.12%) Linux
2 291 (13.70%) Windows
3 113 (5.32%) Windows Server
4 99 (4.66%) Unix
5 34 (1.60%) Mac OS
6 29 (1.37%) CentOS
7 26 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 26 (1.22%) Ubuntu
8 24 (1.13%) Android
8 24 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
9 19 (0.89%) Windows 10
10 13 (0.61%) Kali Linux
10 13 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (0.56%) Apple iOS
11 12 (0.56%) Mac OS X
12 10 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
13 9 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.33%) Solaris
14 7 (0.33%) Windows 7
14 7 (0.33%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 651 (30.65%) Information Security
2 349 (16.43%) Agile Software Development
3 346 (16.29%) SIEM
4 331 (15.58%) Security Operations
5 256 (12.05%) DevOps
6 234 (11.02%) Penetration Testing
7 226 (10.64%) Risk Management
8 212 (9.98%) ITIL
9 200 (9.42%) Vulnerability Management
10 176 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
11 175 (8.24%) Identity Access Management
12 171 (8.05%) Threat Intelligence
13 165 (7.77%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
14 164 (7.72%) Stakeholder Management
15 151 (7.11%) Security Architecture
16 146 (6.87%) Analytics
17 123 (5.79%) Security Management
18 120 (5.65%) Enterprise Architecture
19 118 (5.56%) Project Management
20 112 (5.27%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 293 (13.79%) Python
2 201 (9.46%) Java
3 150 (7.06%) SQL
4 133 (6.26%) C
5 110 (5.18%) JavaScript
6 106 (4.99%) C++
7 97 (4.57%) PowerShell
8 67 (3.15%) Bash Shell
9 60 (2.82%) Perl
10 38 (1.79%) C#
11 36 (1.69%) PHP
12 25 (1.18%) Java 8
13 23 (1.08%) R
14 20 (0.94%) Shell Script
15 13 (0.61%) MATLAB
15 13 (0.61%) Scala
16 11 (0.52%) Ruby
17 9 (0.42%) Kotlin
17 9 (0.42%) Rust
18 7 (0.33%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 446 (21.00%) CISSP
2 308 (14.50%) Degree
3 288 (13.56%) Security Cleared
4 277 (13.04%) CISM
5 176 (8.29%) SC Cleared
6 131 (6.17%) Cisco Certification
7 109 (5.13%) CISA
8 96 (4.52%) DV Cleared
9 81 (3.81%) CEH
10 80 (3.77%) SANS
11 64 (3.01%) CompTIA Security+
11 64 (3.01%) Microsoft Certification
12 53 (2.50%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 52 (2.45%) CREST Certified
14 51 (2.40%) CCNP
15 47 (2.21%) MCSE
16 46 (2.17%) CRISC
17 43 (2.02%) CCNA
17 43 (2.02%) OSCP
18 38 (1.79%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 372 (17.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 304 (14.31%) NIST
3 158 (7.44%) GDPR
4 119 (5.60%) PCI DSS
5 102 (4.80%) Cyber Essentials
6 65 (3.06%) COBIT
7 56 (2.64%) NCSC
8 42 (1.98%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 37 (1.74%) QA
10 31 (1.46%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 29 (1.37%) SLA
12 27 (1.27%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 26 (1.22%) ISO 31000
14 21 (0.99%) NIST 800
15 18 (0.85%) ISO 22301
15 18 (0.85%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 17 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27005
17 12 (0.56%) COSO
18 11 (0.52%) ISO 9001
19 9 (0.42%) HIPAA
System Software
1 205 (9.65%) Active Directory
2 138 (6.50%) Docker
3 67 (3.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.89%) BitLocker
5 17 (0.80%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.66%) Firmware
8 10 (0.47%) vSphere
8 10 (0.47%) XenApp
9 8 (0.38%) LXC
10 7 (0.33%) Snort
11 6 (0.28%) VMware Workstation
12 5 (0.24%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.14%) DFS Replication
15 2 (0.094%) etcd
16 1 (0.047%) Oracle RAC
16 1 (0.047%) Virtual Desktop
16 1 (0.047%) Virtual Servers
16 1 (0.047%) Xen
Systems Management
1 119 (5.60%) Kubernetes
2 79 (3.72%) Ansible
3 71 (3.34%) Terraform
4 49 (2.31%) Nessus
5 40 (1.88%) QRadar
5 40 (1.88%) SCCM
6 33 (1.55%) CSIRT
7 31 (1.46%) Microsoft Intune
8 30 (1.41%) Puppet
9 18 (0.85%) Norton AntiVirus
10 17 (0.80%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 16 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
12 14 (0.66%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 13 (0.61%) Computer Incident Response Team
14 12 (0.56%) WSUS
15 11 (0.52%) EnCase
16 9 (0.42%) CASB
16 9 (0.42%) Network Intrusion Detection System
17 7 (0.33%) Core Impact
17 7 (0.33%) Istio
Vendors
1 329 (15.49%) Microsoft
2 119 (5.60%) Cisco
3 115 (5.41%) VMware
4 79 (3.72%) SAP
5 78 (3.67%) Splunk
6 60 (2.82%) Google
7 53 (2.50%) LogRhythm
8 48 (2.26%) Red Hat
9 47 (2.21%) Palo Alto
10 45 (2.12%) IBM
11 44 (2.07%) Oracle
12 43 (2.02%) CheckPoint
13 39 (1.84%) CyberArk
14 32 (1.51%) Sophos
15 26 (1.22%) ArcSight
16 25 (1.18%) NetWitness
17 24 (1.13%) Citrix
17 24 (1.13%) McAfee
18 22 (1.04%) Symantec
19 21 (0.99%) FireEye