Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 86 130
Rank change year-on-year +16 +44 +68
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 2,071 4,674 4,413
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.16% 3.36% 2.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.49% 3.64% 2.88%
Number of salaries quoted 1,679 3,615 3,379
Median annual salary £60,000 £58,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +2.56%
10th Percentile £37,450 £35,000 £34,700
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,086 128,271 152,983
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.53% 92.20% 91.87%
Number of salaries quoted 37,446 100,644 121,806
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 1,792 £60,000 +1.69% 376
UK excluding London +11 1,078 £55,000 - 259
London +15 841 £67,500 - 135
South East +3 251 £55,000 -8.33% 38
North of England +72 241 £53,500 +7.00% 77
Midlands +18 184 £57,500 +15.00% 24
South West -6 175 £57,500 +4.55% 66
North West +49 167 £53,500 +7.00% 42
Work from Home +19 161 £57,500 -17.86% 47
West Midlands +13 146 £57,500 +15.00% 15
Scotland +28 73 £50,000 -9.09% 6
East of England +6 73 £45,000 -10.00% 34
Yorkshire +68 54 £55,000 +10.00% 25
Northern Ireland +26 49 £50,000 -26.13% 4
East Midlands +40 35 £56,750 +8.10% 9
Wales +43 33 £40,500 -14.74% 10
North East +34 20 £52,850 +3.12% 10

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 677 (32.69%) Information Security
2 529 (25.54%) Finance
3 407 (19.65%) CISSP
4 403 (19.46%) Azure
5 399 (19.27%) Firewall
6 368 (17.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 347 (16.76%) Microsoft
8 342 (16.51%) SIEM
9 330 (15.93%) AWS
9 330 (15.93%) Security Cleared
10 324 (15.64%) Agile Software Development
11 321 (15.50%) Security Operations
12 319 (15.40%) Windows
13 293 (14.15%) Python
14 291 (14.05%) Degree
15 272 (13.13%) Linux
15 272 (13.13%) Risk Management
16 264 (12.75%) NIST
17 258 (12.46%) DevOps
17 258 (12.46%) CISM
18 240 (11.59%) ITIL
19 232 (11.20%) Management Information System
20 231 (11.15%) Penetration Testing
21 210 (10.14%) Active Directory
22 195 (9.42%) Java
23 191 (9.22%) SC Cleared
24 184 (8.88%) Threat Intelligence
25 183 (8.84%) SQL
26 182 (8.79%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
27 174 (8.40%) Vulnerability Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (2.75%) SharePoint
2 37 (1.79%) Confluence
3 34 (1.64%) IIS
4 27 (1.30%) Apache Spark
5 13 (0.63%) MS Exchange
6 12 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (0.53%) Apache
7 11 (0.53%) Tomcat
8 9 (0.43%) OpenStack
9 7 (0.34%) JBoss
10 3 (0.14%) ColdFusion
10 3 (0.14%) WildFly
11 2 (0.097%) CMS
11 2 (0.097%) MS Project Server
11 2 (0.097%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.097%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.048%) Drupal
12 1 (0.048%) Joomla!
12 1 (0.048%) Sitecore CMS
12 1 (0.048%) WordPress
Applications
1 69 (3.33%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.34%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.14%) InVision
6 3 (0.14%) Moqups
6 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.14%) Sketch
7 2 (0.097%) Camtasia
7 2 (0.097%) MadCap Flare
8 1 (0.048%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.048%) Stata
Business Applications
1 19 (0.92%) Sentinel
2 12 (0.58%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 6 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.14%) Relativity
5 2 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.097%) Ringtail
6 1 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.048%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.048%) Primavera
6 1 (0.048%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.048%) SAP GRC
6 1 (0.048%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.048%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 403 (19.46%) Azure
2 330 (15.93%) AWS
3 174 (8.40%) Office 365
4 152 (7.34%) SaaS
5 108 (5.21%) IaaS
6 70 (3.38%) PaaS
7 63 (3.04%) GCP
7 63 (3.04%) Serverless
8 52 (2.51%) Cloud Computing
9 29 (1.40%) Azure Active Directory
9 29 (1.40%) Azure Functions
10 26 (1.26%) Amazon GuardDuty
11 24 (1.16%) Dynamics 365
12 23 (1.11%) AWS CloudTrail
13 20 (0.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 18 (0.87%) Logic Apps
15 17 (0.82%) Mimecast
16 16 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
16 16 (0.77%) OneDrive
16 16 (0.77%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 399 (19.27%) Firewall
2 146 (7.05%) Internet
3 145 (7.00%) Network Security
4 115 (5.55%) Intrusion Detection
5 93 (4.49%) LAN
6 90 (4.35%) TCP/IP
7 85 (4.10%) WAN
8 74 (3.57%) DNS
8 74 (3.57%) VPN
9 53 (2.56%) Wireless
10 29 (1.40%) Wireshark
11 26 (1.26%) Skype
12 23 (1.11%) HTTP
13 22 (1.06%) Wi-Fi
14 20 (0.97%) VoIP
15 19 (0.92%) VLAN
16 18 (0.87%) DHCP
16 18 (0.87%) SSL
17 17 (0.82%) DMARC
18 15 (0.72%) DKIM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 120 (5.79%) Big Data
2 67 (3.24%) SQL Server
3 56 (2.70%) NoSQL
4 37 (1.79%) Data Lake
5 23 (1.11%) SQL Server 2012
6 21 (1.01%) MySQL
7 20 (0.97%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (0.87%) Relational Database
9 17 (0.82%) Hadoop
10 10 (0.48%) MongoDB
10 10 (0.48%) Power BI
10 10 (0.48%) RDBMS
11 9 (0.43%) Blockchain
12 8 (0.39%) EDRMS
13 7 (0.34%) Oracle Database
14 6 (0.29%) GIS
14 6 (0.29%) SQL Server 2014
15 5 (0.24%) DB2
16 4 (0.19%) Amazon RDS
16 4 (0.19%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 54 (2.61%) JIRA
2 44 (2.12%) Jenkins
3 38 (1.83%) TeamCity
4 37 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
5 36 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 31 (1.50%) Git (software)
7 22 (1.06%) Metasploit
8 12 (0.58%) Selenium
9 11 (0.53%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (0.43%) Cucumber
11 8 (0.39%) GitLab
11 8 (0.39%) Subversion
12 7 (0.34%) Bitbucket
12 7 (0.34%) Eclipse
13 6 (0.29%) WebScarab
14 5 (0.24%) Visual Studio Team System
15 4 (0.19%) IntelliJ
15 4 (0.19%) Mercurial
15 4 (0.19%) Visual Studio
16 3 (0.14%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 529 (25.54%) Finance
2 151 (7.29%) Manufacturing
3 108 (5.21%) Public Sector
4 103 (4.97%) Banking
5 100 (4.83%) Legal
6 92 (4.44%) Marketing
7 84 (4.06%) Telecoms
8 74 (3.57%) Law
9 54 (2.61%) Electronics
10 52 (2.51%) Retail
11 33 (1.59%) Aerospace
12 28 (1.35%) Local Government
13 19 (0.92%) Games
14 16 (0.77%) Advertising
15 15 (0.72%) Automotive
16 14 (0.68%) Military
17 12 (0.58%) Digital Economy
17 12 (0.58%) Private Banking
17 12 (0.58%) Wholesale Banking
18 10 (0.48%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 298 (14.39%) Analyst
2 244 (11.78%) Security Engineer
3 212 (10.24%) Consultant
4 191 (9.22%) Security Analyst
5 179 (8.64%) Architect
6 154 (7.44%) Security Consultant
7 141 (6.81%) Developer
8 134 (6.47%) Security Manager
9 90 (4.35%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 75 (3.62%) Cybersecurity Engineer
11 74 (3.57%) Security Architect
12 72 (3.48%) Security Specialist
13 68 (3.28%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 64 (3.09%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 62 (2.99%) Senior Consultant
16 57 (2.75%) Information Analyst
16 57 (2.75%) Information Security Analyst
16 57 (2.75%) Java Developer
17 55 (2.66%) Senior Security Engineer
18 53 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (2.46%) Kafka
1 51 (2.46%) React
2 50 (2.41%) .NET
3 49 (2.37%) Spring
4 41 (1.98%) Web Services
5 38 (1.83%) Node.js
6 29 (1.40%) AngularJS
7 27 (1.30%) Spring Boot
8 25 (1.21%) HTML
9 24 (1.16%) SAML
10 22 (1.06%) .NET Framework
11 21 (1.01%) CSS
12 20 (0.97%) REST
13 17 (0.82%) Apache NiFi
14 14 (0.68%) OAuth
14 14 (0.68%) SailPoint
15 12 (0.58%) HTML5
15 12 (0.58%) JMS
16 11 (0.53%) J2EE
16 11 (0.53%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 232 (11.20%) Management Information System
2 148 (7.15%) Cyberthreat
3 143 (6.90%) Analytical Skills
4 127 (6.13%) Security Operations Centre
5 99 (4.78%) Cyberattack
6 62 (2.99%) Internet of Things
7 60 (2.90%) Mobile App
8 59 (2.85%) Cloud Native
9 53 (2.56%) PKI
10 48 (2.32%) Cyber Defence
11 47 (2.27%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 47 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
12 44 (2.12%) Data Centre
13 37 (1.79%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 32 (1.55%) Public Cloud
15 26 (1.26%) Cybercrime
16 25 (1.21%) Blog
16 25 (1.21%) User Experience
17 19 (0.92%) Greenfield Project
18 18 (0.87%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 319 (15.40%) Windows
2 272 (13.13%) Linux
3 124 (5.99%) Windows Server
4 75 (3.62%) Unix
5 37 (1.79%) Windows Server 2012
6 36 (1.74%) Mac OS
7 32 (1.55%) CentOS
8 23 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 23 (1.11%) Windows Server 2016
9 22 (1.06%) Windows 10
10 21 (1.01%) Android
11 19 (0.92%) Kali Linux
12 16 (0.77%) Ubuntu
13 14 (0.68%) Apple iOS
14 12 (0.58%) Windows Server 2019
15 11 (0.53%) Windows 7
16 10 (0.48%) Mac OS X
17 8 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
18 6 (0.29%) Solaris
18 6 (0.29%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 677 (32.69%) Information Security
2 342 (16.51%) SIEM
3 324 (15.64%) Agile Software Development
4 321 (15.50%) Security Operations
5 272 (13.13%) Risk Management
6 258 (12.46%) DevOps
7 240 (11.59%) ITIL
8 231 (11.15%) Penetration Testing
9 184 (8.88%) Threat Intelligence
10 182 (8.79%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
11 174 (8.40%) Vulnerability Management
12 161 (7.77%) Security Architecture
13 149 (7.19%) Stakeholder Management
14 136 (6.57%) Problem-Solving
15 132 (6.37%) Analytics
16 130 (6.28%) Security Testing
17 129 (6.23%) Identity Access Management
18 128 (6.18%) Data Privacy
19 126 (6.08%) Security Management
20 116 (5.60%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 293 (14.15%) Python
2 195 (9.42%) Java
3 183 (8.84%) SQL
4 122 (5.89%) PowerShell
5 114 (5.50%) C
6 95 (4.59%) C++
7 86 (4.15%) JavaScript
8 81 (3.91%) Bash Shell
9 49 (2.37%) Perl
10 36 (1.74%) C#
11 29 (1.40%) Java 8
12 25 (1.21%) Scala
13 21 (1.01%) R
14 20 (0.97%) Shell Script
15 16 (0.77%) MATLAB
16 14 (0.68%) PHP
17 12 (0.58%) Ruby
18 9 (0.43%) T-SQL
19 8 (0.39%) Rust
20 7 (0.34%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 407 (19.65%) CISSP
2 330 (15.93%) Security Cleared
3 291 (14.05%) Degree
4 258 (12.46%) CISM
5 191 (9.22%) SC Cleared
6 119 (5.75%) DV Cleared
7 112 (5.41%) Cisco Certification
8 110 (5.31%) CISA
9 97 (4.68%) SANS
10 76 (3.67%) CREST Certified
11 72 (3.48%) CEH
12 70 (3.38%) Microsoft Certification
13 69 (3.33%) CompTIA Security+
14 55 (2.66%) GCIH
14 55 (2.66%) MCSE
15 53 (2.56%) CRISC
16 51 (2.46%) CCNP
17 49 (2.37%) OSCP
18 47 (2.27%) CCNA
19 43 (2.08%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 368 (17.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 264 (12.75%) NIST
3 151 (7.29%) GDPR
4 138 (6.66%) PCI DSS
5 79 (3.81%) Cyber Essentials
6 59 (2.85%) COBIT
7 55 (2.66%) NCSC
8 46 (2.22%) SLA
9 36 (1.74%) QA
10 34 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 31 (1.50%) NIST 800
12 26 (1.26%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 23 (1.11%) ISO 31000
14 19 (0.92%) RMADS
15 17 (0.82%) ISO 22301
16 16 (0.77%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 16 (0.77%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 15 (0.72%) JSP 440
18 14 (0.68%) ISO 9001
19 12 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 210 (10.14%) Active Directory
2 124 (5.99%) Docker
3 83 (4.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (1.50%) Hyper-V
5 22 (1.06%) Snort
6 13 (0.63%) VMware Workstation
7 12 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.53%) BitLocker
9 9 (0.43%) Firmware
9 9 (0.43%) vSphere
9 9 (0.43%) XenApp
10 4 (0.19%) LXC
10 4 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.19%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.14%) DFS Replication
12 1 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.048%) ProxySG
12 1 (0.048%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.048%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.048%) Xen
Systems Management
1 112 (5.41%) Kubernetes
2 76 (3.67%) Ansible
3 62 (2.99%) Terraform
4 46 (2.22%) QRadar
5 38 (1.83%) SCCM
6 35 (1.69%) Microsoft Intune
7 34 (1.64%) Nessus
8 32 (1.55%) CSIRT
9 24 (1.16%) Puppet
10 20 (0.97%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 18 (0.87%) Computer Incident Response Team
12 13 (0.63%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 12 (0.58%) EnCase
13 12 (0.58%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 12 (0.58%) WSUS
14 10 (0.48%) SCOM
15 8 (0.39%) Istio
16 7 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.29%) FTK
17 6 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 347 (16.76%) Microsoft
2 120 (5.79%) VMware
3 117 (5.65%) Cisco
4 108 (5.21%) Splunk
5 63 (3.04%) LogRhythm
6 58 (2.80%) Google
7 49 (2.37%) IBM
7 49 (2.37%) Palo Alto
8 48 (2.32%) SAP
9 44 (2.12%) CyberArk
10 43 (2.08%) CheckPoint
11 42 (2.03%) ArcSight
12 38 (1.83%) Red Hat
13 30 (1.45%) Oracle
14 29 (1.40%) NetWitness
14 29 (1.40%) Sophos
15 26 (1.26%) BeyondTrust
15 26 (1.26%) Bomgar
15 26 (1.26%) Citrix
15 26 (1.26%) Thycotic