Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firewall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firewall over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firewall
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 90 55 57
Rank change year-on-year -35 +2 +16
Permanent jobs citing Firewall 4,099 3,203 6,966
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.61% 4.67% 4.84%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 27.88% 30.47% 30.99%
Number of salaries quoted 3,309 2,606 5,499
10th Percentile £28,750 £29,000 £26,250
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%
75th Percentile £65,000 £65,191 £61,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Firewall is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 14,703 10,513 22,478
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.94% 15.32% 15.62%
Number of salaries quoted 10,282 8,406 17,220
10th Percentile £28,000 £28,500 £25,750
25th Percentile £36,875 £36,250 £32,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,024
Median % change year-on-year - +11.05% -3.18%
75th Percentile £67,500 £66,250 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Firewall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firewall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firewall in the UK

Firewall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firewall.

Salary trend for Firewall in the UK

Firewall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firewall over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Firewall in the UK

Firewall
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firewall within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 3,702 £50,000 - 889
UK excluding London -11 2,711 £45,000 +5.88% 703
London -62 1,173 £62,500 +4.17% 244
South East -17 766 £45,000 - 161
Work from Home -26 758 £52,500 - 130
North of England +1 658 £45,000 +5.88% 202
Midlands -11 477 £44,500 -4.30% 130
South West -12 342 £45,000 +12.50% 77
Yorkshire +3 312 £45,000 - 66
North West +3 298 £45,000 - 115
West Midlands -23 293 £47,500 - 69
East of England -10 260 £45,000 +20.00% 75
East Midlands +15 187 £39,810 -11.53% 60
Scotland -22 160 £42,500 -3.41% 35
Wales -22 59 £35,000 -6.67% 17
North East -15 58 £37,500 - 21
Channel Islands - 8 £80,000 -
Northern Ireland -37 2 £64,500 +22.86% 7

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing Firewall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firewall.

1 1,760 (42.94%) Windows
2 1,645 (40.13%) Microsoft
3 1,637 (39.94%) Azure
4 1,429 (34.86%) Cisco
5 1,375 (33.54%) Active Directory
6 1,238 (30.20%) Microsoft 365
7 1,114 (27.18%) VMware
8 1,081 (26.37%) Windows Server
9 1,010 (24.64%) Linux
10 1,006 (24.54%) WAN
11 998 (24.35%) VPN
12 995 (24.27%) Social Skills
13 974 (23.76%) LAN
14 905 (22.08%) AWS
15 818 (19.96%) DNS
16 770 (18.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 752 (18.35%) VMware Infrastructure
18 749 (18.27%) Cisco Certification
19 720 (17.57%) PowerShell
20 687 (16.76%) ITIL
21 601 (14.66%) DevOps
22 582 (14.20%) DHCP
23 580 (14.15%) Hyper-V
24 572 (13.95%) TCP/IP
25 557 (13.59%) Network Security
26 552 (13.47%) Cybersecurity
27 537 (13.10%) Data Centre
28 495 (12.08%) Information Security
29 451 (11.00%) Palo Alto
30 448 (10.93%) Wireless

Firewall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 384 (9.37%) MS Exchange
2 264 (6.44%) SharePoint
3 138 (3.37%) IIS
4 107 (2.61%) Confluence
5 94 (2.29%) Exchange Server 2013
6 83 (2.02%) Apache
7 55 (1.34%) nginx
8 49 (1.20%) Tomcat
9 45 (1.10%) Exchange Server 2010
10 38 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
11 32 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
11 32 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
12 26 (0.63%) Skype for Business
13 20 (0.49%) JBoss
14 13 (0.32%) WordPress
15 12 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.27%) Apache Spark
16 11 (0.27%) ejabberd
17 10 (0.24%) CMS
17 10 (0.24%) WebLogic
Applications
1 284 (6.93%) Microsoft Office
2 49 (1.20%) MS Visio
3 35 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
4 22 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.15%) Gephi
6 6 (0.15%) MicroStation
6 6 (0.15%) Revit
7 4 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.073%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 30 (0.73%) Sentinel
2 14 (0.34%) SAP Business One
3 11 (0.27%) Sage 200
4 8 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
6 6 (0.15%) Relativity
7 4 (0.098%) assyst
7 4 (0.098%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.073%) Endur
8 3 (0.073%) Exchequer
8 3 (0.073%) Magento
8 3 (0.073%) Sage 300 ERP
8 3 (0.073%) Sage CRM
9 2 (0.049%) Dynamics GP
9 2 (0.049%) Line 50
10 1 (0.024%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.024%) Maximo
10 1 (0.024%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.024%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.024%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,637 (39.94%) Azure
2 1,238 (30.20%) Microsoft 365
3 905 (22.08%) AWS
4 273 (6.66%) Azure Active Directory
5 263 (6.42%) SaaS
6 259 (6.32%) IaaS
7 253 (6.17%) PaaS
8 189 (4.61%) GCP
9 117 (2.85%) OneDrive
10 109 (2.66%) Cloud Computing
11 84 (2.05%) Mimecast
12 68 (1.66%) Serverless
13 64 (1.56%) GitHub
14 57 (1.39%) AWS CloudFormation
15 55 (1.34%) Amazon EKS
15 55 (1.34%) Azure Storage
16 54 (1.32%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 54 (1.32%) Azure Sentinel
17 49 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 49 (1.20%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 1,006 (24.54%) WAN
2 998 (24.35%) VPN
3 974 (23.76%) LAN
4 818 (19.96%) DNS
5 582 (14.20%) DHCP
6 572 (13.95%) TCP/IP
7 557 (13.59%) Network Security
8 448 (10.93%) Wireless
9 442 (10.78%) VLAN
10 333 (8.12%) BGP
11 317 (7.73%) OSPF
12 310 (7.56%) VoIP
13 306 (7.47%) MPLS
13 306 (7.47%) SAN
14 278 (6.78%) Wi-Fi
15 258 (6.29%) Internet
16 247 (6.03%) Cisco ASA
17 215 (5.25%) SD-WAN
18 189 (4.61%) SSL
19 165 (4.03%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 289 (7.05%) SQL Server
2 88 (2.15%) Big Data
3 83 (2.02%) MySQL
4 60 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
5 57 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
6 51 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
7 46 (1.12%) NoSQL
8 39 (0.95%) Relational Database
9 24 (0.59%) MongoDB
10 23 (0.56%) Oracle Database
11 22 (0.54%) Apache Cassandra
12 21 (0.51%) RDBMS
12 21 (0.51%) Redis
13 18 (0.44%) Hadoop
13 18 (0.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 16 (0.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 14 (0.34%) Crystal Reports
16 13 (0.32%) SQL Server 2012
16 13 (0.32%) SQL Server 2014
17 12 (0.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 223 (5.44%) Git (software)
2 191 (4.66%) JIRA
3 166 (4.05%) Jenkins
4 73 (1.78%) Subversion
5 47 (1.15%) GitLab
6 39 (0.95%) Bitbucket
7 30 (0.73%) Maven
7 30 (0.73%) Sonatype Nexus
8 22 (0.54%) Team Foundation Server
9 21 (0.51%) Visual Studio Team System
10 20 (0.49%) Metasploit
11 18 (0.44%) Visual Studio
12 17 (0.41%) Gradle
13 15 (0.37%) VSS/SourceSafe
14 14 (0.34%) TeamCity
15 13 (0.32%) Selenium
15 13 (0.32%) Vagrant
16 12 (0.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 11 (0.27%) Artifactory
18 10 (0.24%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 995 (24.27%) Social Skills
2 387 (9.44%) Finance
3 293 (7.15%) Analytical Skills
4 205 (5.00%) Telecoms
5 155 (3.78%) Public Sector
6 131 (3.20%) Organisational Skills
7 107 (2.61%) Manufacturing
8 96 (2.34%) Retail
9 83 (2.02%) Legal
10 81 (1.98%) Law
10 81 (1.98%) Presentation Skills
11 80 (1.95%) Banking
12 74 (1.81%) Marketing
13 67 (1.63%) Documentation Skills
14 58 (1.41%) Local Government
15 47 (1.15%) Games
16 43 (1.05%) Billing
17 42 (1.02%) Electronics
18 31 (0.76%) Aerospace
19 29 (0.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 732 (17.86%) Network Engineer
2 595 (14.52%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 418 (10.20%) Analyst
4 322 (7.86%) Architect
4 322 (7.86%) Support Engineer
5 295 (7.20%) Security Engineer
6 288 (7.03%) IT Engineer
7 196 (4.78%) IT Support
8 187 (4.56%) Consultant
9 183 (4.46%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 171 (4.17%) Administrator
11 161 (3.93%) Cloud Engineer
12 158 (3.85%) Senior Network Engineer
13 135 (3.29%) Security Analyst
14 134 (3.27%) IT Manager
15 132 (3.22%) Systems Administrator
16 129 (3.15%) Support Analyst
17 123 (3.00%) Cisco Engineer
18 110 (2.68%) Infrastructure Support
18 110 (2.68%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 179 (4.37%) Web Services
2 76 (1.85%) .NET
3 67 (1.63%) Node.js
4 56 (1.37%) Middleware
5 50 (1.22%) Elastic Stack
6 49 (1.20%) Kafka
7 47 (1.15%) SOAP
8 45 (1.10%) REST
9 43 (1.05%) JSON
10 42 (1.02%) 802.1X
10 42 (1.02%) RESTful
11 40 (0.98%) HTML
12 38 (0.93%) SAML
13 35 (0.85%) .NET Core
14 32 (0.78%) OAuth
14 32 (0.78%) RabbitMQ
15 28 (0.68%) React
16 25 (0.61%) AngularJS
17 24 (0.59%) LDAP
18 23 (0.56%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 537 (13.10%) Data Centre
2 252 (6.15%) Management Information System
3 231 (5.64%) Public Cloud
4 181 (4.42%) Self-Motivation
5 120 (2.93%) Hybrid Cloud
6 106 (2.59%) Linux Command Line
7 82 (2.00%) Private Cloud
8 79 (1.93%) Cyberthreat
9 78 (1.90%) Driving Licence
10 75 (1.83%) Clustering
11 74 (1.81%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 61 (1.49%) PKI
13 47 (1.15%) Security Operations Centre
14 45 (1.10%) User Experience
15 38 (0.93%) Cloud Native
16 37 (0.90%) Greenfield Project
16 37 (0.90%) Replication
17 32 (0.78%) Cyber Kill Chain
18 30 (0.73%) Virtual Team
19 29 (0.71%) Enterprise Storage
Operating Systems
1 1,760 (42.94%) Windows
2 1,081 (26.37%) Windows Server
3 1,010 (24.64%) Linux
4 398 (9.71%) Windows 10
5 377 (9.20%) Windows Server 2012
6 315 (7.68%) Windows Server 2016
7 286 (6.98%) Windows Server 2019
8 194 (4.73%) Windows Server 2008
9 163 (3.98%) Unix
10 130 (3.17%) CentOS
11 124 (3.03%) Ubuntu
12 116 (2.83%) Windows 7
13 82 (2.00%) Android
14 80 (1.95%) Windows Server 2003
15 72 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 60 (1.46%) Debian
17 52 (1.27%) Mac OS
18 40 (0.98%) VMS
19 36 (0.88%) Windows 8
20 34 (0.83%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 770 (18.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 687 (16.76%) ITIL
3 601 (14.66%) DevOps
4 552 (13.47%) Cybersecurity
5 495 (12.08%) Information Security
6 427 (10.42%) Problem-Solving
7 397 (9.69%) Agile Software Development
8 374 (9.12%) SIEM
9 288 (7.03%) Migration
10 257 (6.27%) Load Balancing
11 254 (6.20%) Mentoring
12 247 (6.03%) Infrastructure as Code
13 243 (5.93%) Disaster Recovery
14 241 (5.88%) Project Management
15 232 (5.66%) Configuration Management
16 228 (5.56%) Service Management
17 223 (5.44%) Security Operations
18 221 (5.39%) Network Design
19 207 (5.05%) Continuous Improvement
20 195 (4.76%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 720 (17.57%) PowerShell
2 443 (10.81%) Python
3 409 (9.98%) SQL
4 284 (6.93%) Bash Shell
5 112 (2.73%) Java
6 104 (2.54%) C
7 89 (2.17%) Perl
8 71 (1.73%) JavaScript
9 67 (1.63%) C#
10 62 (1.51%) PHP
11 56 (1.37%) Shell Script
12 44 (1.07%) C++
13 43 (1.05%) Go
14 40 (0.98%) Ruby
15 27 (0.66%) VB
16 17 (0.41%) VBA
17 13 (0.32%) Groovy
17 13 (0.32%) TypeScript
17 13 (0.32%) VB.NET
18 10 (0.24%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 749 (18.27%) Cisco Certification
2 440 (10.73%) CCNP
3 425 (10.37%) CCNA
4 305 (7.44%) Degree
5 301 (7.34%) Security Cleared
6 241 (5.88%) Microsoft Certification
7 214 (5.22%) CISSP
8 187 (4.56%) SC Cleared
9 125 (3.05%) MCSE
10 121 (2.95%) CCIE
11 99 (2.42%) CISM
11 99 (2.42%) MCSA
12 94 (2.29%) GIAC
13 92 (2.24%) CEH
14 76 (1.85%) DV Cleared
15 71 (1.73%) CISA
16 69 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
17 51 (1.24%) JNCIA
18 49 (1.20%) CCDP
18 49 (1.20%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 298 (7.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 206 (5.03%) SLA
3 124 (3.03%) GDPR
4 123 (3.00%) PCI DSS
5 109 (2.66%) NIST
6 78 (1.90%) Cyber Essentials
7 48 (1.17%) COBIT
8 44 (1.07%) QA
9 30 (0.73%) GRC
10 27 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 20 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 20 (0.49%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 18 (0.44%) NCSC
13 8 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 7 (0.17%) PMO
15 5 (0.12%) GLBA
15 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 4 (0.098%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 4 (0.098%) ISO 9001
16 4 (0.098%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1,375 (33.54%) Active Directory
2 752 (18.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 580 (14.15%) Hyper-V
4 347 (8.47%) Docker
5 184 (4.49%) VMware ESXi
6 130 (3.17%) vSphere
7 113 (2.76%) Virtual Machines
8 77 (1.88%) XenApp
9 66 (1.61%) VMware NSX
10 57 (1.39%) Virtual Servers
11 50 (1.22%) Virtual Desktop
12 49 (1.20%) XenDesktop
13 48 (1.17%) KVM
14 46 (1.12%) Terminal Server
15 35 (0.85%) iptables
16 28 (0.68%) Firmware
16 28 (0.68%) Terminal Services
17 26 (0.63%) RHEV
18 24 (0.59%) BitLocker
19 18 (0.44%) NFS
Systems Management
1 341 (8.32%) Ansible
2 297 (7.25%) Terraform
3 276 (6.73%) Kubernetes
4 220 (5.37%) Microsoft Intune
5 214 (5.22%) Puppet
6 186 (4.54%) SCCM
7 119 (2.90%) FortiGate
8 83 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
9 71 (1.73%) Nagios
10 68 (1.66%) WSUS
11 63 (1.54%) Nessus
12 49 (1.20%) Prometheus
12 49 (1.20%) ZABBIX
13 45 (1.10%) Grafana
14 43 (1.05%) QRadar
15 42 (1.02%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 37 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
17 34 (0.83%) CASB
18 32 (0.78%) Backup Exec
18 32 (0.78%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,645 (40.13%) Microsoft
2 1,429 (34.86%) Cisco
3 1,114 (27.18%) VMware
4 451 (11.00%) Palo Alto
5 338 (8.25%) CheckPoint
6 327 (7.98%) Citrix
7 298 (7.27%) Juniper
8 273 (6.66%) Meraki
9 223 (5.44%) HP
10 212 (5.17%) F5
11 199 (4.85%) Veeam
12 195 (4.76%) Fortinet
13 186 (4.54%) Google
14 172 (4.20%) Oracle
15 162 (3.95%) SolarWinds
15 162 (3.95%) Splunk
16 138 (3.37%) SonicWALL
17 114 (2.78%) Red Hat
18 113 (2.76%) Dell
19 104 (2.54%) Sophos