Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 93 77
Rank change year-on-year +37 -16 +6
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Improvement 6,420 1,848 4,972
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.98% 3.32% 3.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.27% 3.57% 4.00%
Number of salaries quoted 3,526 1,405 3,394
10th Percentile £34,750 £36,314 £33,336
25th Percentile £42,545 £44,375 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £58,750 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.17% +4.55% +1.06%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £84,700
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.71%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Salary trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 5,581 £60,000 +4.35% 968
UK excluding London +40 3,434 £52,500 +5.00% 747
London +40 2,358 £67,500 -6.90% 295
Work from Home +35 1,026 £60,000 -7.69% 168
South East +48 1,012 £57,500 +3.14% 146
North of England +58 869 £50,000 - 228
Midlands +13 557 £52,500 +2.94% 143
North West +56 460 £48,750 -2.50% 127
South West +9 376 £50,000 +5.26% 83
West Midlands -1 365 £52,500 +1.94% 100
Yorkshire +34 325 £52,500 +5.00% 68
East of England +9 279 £55,000 +22.22% 70
East Midlands +15 195 £42,500 -10.53% 43
Wales +21 172 £50,000 +5.26% 25
Scotland -6 166 £50,000 +21.21% 50
North East +29 87 £42,500 -5.56% 33
Northern Ireland -17 31 £77,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 3,462 (53.93%) Agile Software Development
2 2,156 (33.58%) Social Skills
3 1,552 (24.17%) Finance
4 1,354 (21.09%) DevOps
5 1,285 (20.02%) Azure
6 1,206 (18.79%) Software Engineering
7 1,140 (17.76%) Degree
8 1,133 (17.65%) Scrum
9 1,116 (17.38%) Microsoft
10 1,115 (17.37%) AWS
11 1,035 (16.12%) Java
12 999 (15.56%) Problem-Solving
13 932 (14.52%) JavaScript
14 918 (14.30%) Mentoring
15 843 (13.13%) SQL
16 836 (13.02%) Coaching
17 817 (12.73%) Analytics
18 813 (12.66%) TDD
19 793 (12.35%) Python
20 758 (11.81%) Project Management
21 757 (11.79%) Analytical Skills
22 737 (11.48%) C#
23 717 (11.17%) Git (software)
24 699 (10.89%) Kubernetes
25 695 (10.83%) .NET
26 669 (10.42%) Test Automation
27 665 (10.36%) Docker
28 642 (10.00%) Microservices
29 629 (9.80%) React
30 618 (9.63%) Risk Management

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (2.85%) Confluence
2 127 (1.98%) SharePoint
3 108 (1.68%) CMS
4 99 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
5 87 (1.36%) Apache
6 60 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
7 56 (0.87%) MS Exchange
8 49 (0.76%) Apache Spark
9 40 (0.62%) Tomcat
10 39 (0.61%) IIS
11 37 (0.58%) SAS
12 33 (0.51%) Appian
12 33 (0.51%) JBoss
13 29 (0.45%) WordPress
14 20 (0.31%) Oracle Coherence
15 17 (0.26%) WebLogic
16 14 (0.22%) Headless CMS
17 10 (0.16%) Cloud Foundry
17 10 (0.16%) Umbraco
18 9 (0.14%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 236 (3.68%) Microsoft Excel
1 236 (3.68%) Microsoft Office
2 111 (1.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 56 (0.87%) Spreadsheet
4 55 (0.86%) Figma
4 55 (0.86%) Microsoft Project
5 37 (0.58%) Sketch
6 36 (0.56%) MS Visio
7 15 (0.23%) Windchill
8 11 (0.17%) Chatbot
9 8 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.093%) Zeplin
11 2 (0.031%) Maya
11 2 (0.031%) NUKE
11 2 (0.031%) Oracle Smart View
11 2 (0.031%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.016%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.016%) Simulink
12 1 (0.016%) SPSS
12 1 (0.016%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 53 (0.83%) Sentinel
2 33 (0.51%) Distributed Ledger
3 31 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
4 25 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
5 20 (0.31%) NetSuite
6 19 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
7 18 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
8 17 (0.26%) SAP BPC
9 14 (0.22%) IBM Planning Analytics
10 13 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
10 13 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
10 13 (0.20%) SAP ERP
11 11 (0.17%) Primavera
11 11 (0.17%) R3 Corda
12 10 (0.16%) SAP MDG
12 10 (0.16%) SAP SCM
13 9 (0.14%) TrackWise
14 8 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 8 (0.12%) SAP SD
15 7 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,285 (20.02%) Azure
2 1,115 (17.37%) AWS
3 429 (6.68%) Serverless
4 360 (5.61%) GCP
5 312 (4.86%) SaaS
6 309 (4.81%) Microsoft 365
7 283 (4.41%) Power Platform
8 272 (4.24%) GitHub
9 222 (3.46%) AWS Lambda
10 164 (2.55%) OpenShift
11 140 (2.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 138 (2.15%) Amazon S3
13 118 (1.84%) AWS CloudFormation
14 111 (1.73%) PaaS
15 109 (1.70%) Azure Functions
16 104 (1.62%) AWS CloudTrail
17 83 (1.29%) GitHub Actions
18 80 (1.25%) Amazon EC2
19 77 (1.20%) Amazon EKS
20 75 (1.17%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 258 (4.02%) Firewall
2 163 (2.54%) Broadband
3 138 (2.15%) HTTP
4 117 (1.82%) DNS
5 110 (1.71%) Kerberos
6 94 (1.46%) WAN
7 91 (1.42%) TCP/IP
8 85 (1.32%) Cisco IPT
9 81 (1.26%) VPN
10 80 (1.25%) Internet
11 74 (1.15%) LAN
12 59 (0.92%) Network Security
13 56 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
14 51 (0.79%) DHCP
15 40 (0.62%) SAN
16 30 (0.47%) BGP
16 30 (0.47%) OSPF
17 29 (0.45%) Wireless
18 27 (0.42%) SSL
19 23 (0.36%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 365 (5.69%) SQL Server
2 281 (4.38%) Big Data
3 234 (3.64%) Relational Database
4 225 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
5 223 (3.47%) NoSQL
6 222 (3.46%) MongoDB
7 220 (3.43%) Power BI
8 218 (3.40%) MySQL
9 184 (2.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 149 (2.32%) Data Lake
11 145 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
12 115 (1.79%) Tableau
13 96 (1.50%) Redis
14 87 (1.36%) Amazon RDS
15 68 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 66 (1.03%) Amazon Athena
17 65 (1.01%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 63 (0.98%) Amazon Redshift
19 50 (0.78%) Electronic Patient Records
20 47 (0.73%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 717 (11.17%) Git (software)
2 496 (7.73%) Jenkins
3 411 (6.40%) JIRA
4 204 (3.18%) Maven
5 171 (2.66%) TeamCity
6 143 (2.23%) Selenium
7 119 (1.85%) Octopus Deploy
8 113 (1.76%) Bitbucket
9 92 (1.43%) JUnit
10 89 (1.39%) GitLab
11 73 (1.14%) Gradle
12 69 (1.07%) WebDriver
12 69 (1.07%) webpack
13 68 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
14 67 (1.04%) Visual Studio
15 62 (0.97%) Cypress.io
16 61 (0.95%) Cucumber
16 61 (0.95%) Jasmine
16 61 (0.95%) Mocha
17 60 (0.93%) JMeter
General
1 2,156 (33.58%) Social Skills
2 1,552 (24.17%) Finance
3 757 (11.79%) Analytical Skills
4 411 (6.40%) Marketing
5 373 (5.81%) Retail
6 314 (4.89%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 259 (4.03%) Manufacturing
8 258 (4.02%) Banking
9 243 (3.79%) Legal
10 205 (3.19%) Influencing Skills
11 187 (2.91%) Public Sector
12 181 (2.82%) Law
13 179 (2.79%) Organisational Skills
14 174 (2.71%) Presentation Skills
15 165 (2.57%) Games
16 117 (1.82%) Telecoms
17 107 (1.67%) Pharmaceutical
18 92 (1.43%) Advertising
19 68 (1.06%) Billing
20 57 (0.89%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,022 (15.92%) Developer
2 636 (9.91%) Software Engineer
3 635 (9.89%) Analyst
4 297 (4.63%) Senior Developer
5 262 (4.08%) Senior Software Engineer
6 239 (3.72%) Architect
7 215 (3.35%) Project Manager
8 211 (3.29%) Delivery Manager
9 205 (3.19%) Scrum Master
10 193 (3.01%) Security Engineer
11 186 (2.90%) IT Manager
12 166 (2.59%) Data Engineer
13 152 (2.37%) Cloud Engineer
14 141 (2.20%) Java Developer
15 128 (1.99%) Software Developer
16 123 (1.92%) Lead Developer
17 116 (1.81%) DevOps Engineer
18 112 (1.74%) Business Analyst
18 112 (1.74%) Lead Software Engineer
19 110 (1.71%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 695 (10.83%) .NET
2 629 (9.80%) React
3 490 (7.63%) Web Services
4 481 (7.49%) RESTful
5 432 (6.73%) HTML
6 412 (6.42%) Node.js
7 378 (5.89%) REST
8 315 (4.91%) CSS
9 296 (4.61%) Spring Boot
10 292 (4.55%) Kafka
11 263 (4.10%) Spring
12 245 (3.82%) AngularJS
13 233 (3.63%) JSON
14 226 (3.52%) .NET Core
15 224 (3.49%) XML
16 193 (3.01%) .NET Framework
17 146 (2.27%) ASP.NET
18 137 (2.13%) HTML5
19 129 (2.01%) Redux
20 123 (1.92%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 562 (8.75%) User Experience
2 468 (7.29%) Management Information System
3 221 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
4 195 (3.04%) Algorithms
5 155 (2.41%) Social Media
6 154 (2.40%) Cloud Native
7 126 (1.96%) Mobile App
8 117 (1.82%) Public Cloud
9 101 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
10 96 (1.50%) Virtual Team
11 92 (1.43%) Data Centre
12 86 (1.34%) BBC
13 84 (1.31%) Life Science
14 78 (1.21%) Reinsurance
15 67 (1.04%) Greenfield Project
16 57 (0.89%) NHS
17 53 (0.83%) Data Structures
18 51 (0.79%) Robotics
19 47 (0.73%) PMI
20 44 (0.69%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 568 (8.85%) Windows
2 491 (7.65%) Linux
3 189 (2.94%) Android
4 162 (2.52%) Windows Server
5 157 (2.45%) Apple iOS
6 94 (1.46%) Windows 10
7 92 (1.43%) Unix
8 75 (1.17%) Mac OS
9 39 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
10 31 (0.48%) CentOS
11 30 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
12 29 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
13 25 (0.39%) Mesosphere
13 25 (0.39%) Ubuntu
14 17 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
15 14 (0.22%) Solaris
16 13 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
17 11 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
18 8 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 7 (0.11%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,462 (53.93%) Agile Software Development
2 1,354 (21.09%) DevOps
3 1,206 (18.79%) Software Engineering
4 1,133 (17.65%) Scrum
5 999 (15.56%) Problem-Solving
6 918 (14.30%) Mentoring
7 836 (13.02%) Coaching
8 817 (12.73%) Analytics
9 813 (12.66%) TDD
10 758 (11.81%) Project Management
11 669 (10.42%) Test Automation
12 642 (10.00%) Microservices
13 618 (9.63%) Risk Management
14 601 (9.36%) SDLC
15 581 (9.05%) Continuous Integration
16 572 (8.91%) ITIL
17 534 (8.32%) Stakeholder Management
18 520 (8.10%) Project Delivery
19 491 (7.65%) Kanban
20 485 (7.55%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,035 (16.12%) Java
2 932 (14.52%) JavaScript
3 843 (13.13%) SQL
4 793 (12.35%) Python
5 737 (11.48%) C#
6 399 (6.21%) PowerShell
7 330 (5.14%) TypeScript
8 232 (3.61%) Scala
9 219 (3.41%) Bash Shell
10 172 (2.68%) Java 8
11 156 (2.43%) C
12 152 (2.37%) PHP
13 147 (2.29%) Go
14 126 (1.96%) C++
14 126 (1.96%) Ruby
15 102 (1.59%) Perl
16 98 (1.53%) Kotlin
17 87 (1.36%) R
18 81 (1.26%) VB
19 67 (1.04%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,140 (17.76%) Degree
2 205 (3.19%) CISSP
3 196 (3.05%) Computer Science Degree
4 145 (2.26%) Security Cleared
5 143 (2.23%) Cisco Certification
6 119 (1.85%) CISM
7 99 (1.54%) SC Cleared
8 90 (1.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 82 (1.28%) AWS Certification
10 71 (1.11%) Master's Degree
11 68 (1.06%) HND
12 67 (1.04%) HNC
13 65 (1.01%) PMI Certification
14 63 (0.98%) ITIL Certification
15 61 (0.95%) CISA
16 59 (0.92%) SANS
17 57 (0.89%) GCFE
18 55 (0.86%) CRISC
19 54 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
20 53 (0.83%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 544 (8.47%) QA
2 195 (3.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 195 (3.04%) SLA
3 151 (2.35%) PMO
4 146 (2.27%) GDPR
5 142 (2.21%) Data Quality
6 126 (1.96%) Accessibility
7 79 (1.23%) PCI DSS
8 75 (1.17%) Cyber Essentials
9 63 (0.98%) NIST
10 46 (0.72%) ISO 9001
11 40 (0.62%) GRC
12 36 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 35 (0.55%) ITGC
14 32 (0.50%) NEBOSH
15 30 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 25 (0.39%) GMP
17 21 (0.33%) COBIT
18 14 (0.22%) NCSC
19 13 (0.20%) NIST 800
System Software
1 665 (10.36%) Docker
2 213 (3.32%) Active Directory
3 121 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 55 (0.86%) Hyper-V
5 25 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (0.31%) Firmware
6 20 (0.31%) XenApp
7 16 (0.25%) vSphere
8 14 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
9 13 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
10 10 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 9 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.093%) HDFS
13 5 (0.078%) ISA Server
13 5 (0.078%) VMware NSX
13 5 (0.078%) XenDesktop
14 4 (0.062%) NDS
15 3 (0.047%) BitLocker
15 3 (0.047%) Microsoft App-V
15 3 (0.047%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 699 (10.89%) Kubernetes
2 433 (6.74%) Terraform
3 263 (4.10%) Ansible
4 101 (1.57%) Puppet
5 88 (1.37%) SCCM
6 76 (1.18%) Microsoft Intune
7 64 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
8 60 (0.93%) Prometheus
9 52 (0.81%) Grafana
10 38 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
11 30 (0.47%) BMC PATROL
12 29 (0.45%) Kibana
13 27 (0.42%) Consul
13 27 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
14 25 (0.39%) Automic
15 21 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
16 18 (0.28%) HP ALM
16 18 (0.28%) logstash
16 18 (0.28%) vCenter Server
17 17 (0.26%) WSUS
Vendors
1 1,116 (17.38%) Microsoft
2 267 (4.16%) SAP
3 252 (3.93%) Google
4 205 (3.19%) Salesforce.com
5 200 (3.12%) Oracle
6 173 (2.69%) VMware
7 106 (1.65%) Databricks
8 104 (1.62%) Cisco
9 95 (1.48%) ServiceNow
10 83 (1.29%) Apple
11 76 (1.18%) Samsung
12 72 (1.12%) Splunk
13 65 (1.01%) Citrix
14 59 (0.92%) HP
15 57 (0.89%) Adobe
16 56 (0.87%) IBM
17 47 (0.73%) MuleSoft
18 45 (0.70%) Sophos
19 44 (0.69%) Palo Alto
20 41 (0.64%) LexisNexis