Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 350 279 284
Rank change year-on-year -71 +5 -56
Contract jobs citing Perl 378 261 811
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.65% 0.82% 0.97%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.61% 1.96% 2.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 246 187 505
10th Percentile £359 £337 £350
25th Percentile £413 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £500 £520
Median % change year-on-year -1.00% -3.85% +9.47%
75th Percentile £575 £559 £600
90th Percentile £675 £650 £675
UK median daily rate £493 £475 £510
% change year-on-year +3.68% -6.86% +7.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 25
10th Percentile £38.45 " £16.90
25th Percentile £40.25 £31.50 £25.25
Median hourly rate £47.50 £36.00 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +31.94% -16.28% +7.50%
75th Percentile £56.25 £37.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £60.75 £54.40 "
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year +45.83% -11.11% +1.25%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,443 13,333 35,867
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.60% 41.65% 42.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,844 9,519 25,315
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 414 245 584
10th Percentile £16.20 £15.51 £20.25
25th Percentile £24.75 £22.50 £34.00
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -5.56% +9.76%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £51.25
90th Percentile £64.75 £59.20 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +11.11%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -101 180 £519 +3.75% 70
South East -36 62 £425 -10.53% 24
Midlands +8 56 £490 +15.29% 14
West Midlands +6 53 £490 +15.29% 13
North of England -43 21 £452 -9.60% 21
North West -32 18 £452 -13.90% 14
South West -15 11 £500 -23.08% 15
East of England -21 11 £463 +8.82% 20
Yorkshire -26 3 £440 -2.27% 5
East Midlands - 3 £433 - 1
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 239 (63.23%) Python
2 175 (46.30%) Linux
3 174 (46.03%) Java
4 165 (43.65%) SQL
5 149 (39.42%) Unix
6 135 (35.71%) Oracle
7 112 (29.63%) Bash Shell
8 111 (29.37%) Social Skills
9 109 (28.84%) DevOps
10 105 (27.78%) Agile Software Development
11 103 (27.25%) Git (software)
12 98 (25.93%) AWS
13 95 (25.13%) Jenkins
14 93 (24.60%) Shell Script
14 93 (24.60%) Ansible
15 86 (22.75%) Azure
16 78 (20.63%) Finance
17 76 (20.11%) PHP
17 76 (20.11%) Windows
18 75 (19.84%) Configuration Management
19 73 (19.31%) MySQL
20 70 (18.52%) Red Hat
21 68 (17.99%) PL/SQL
22 66 (17.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 65 (17.20%) PowerShell
23 65 (17.20%) JIRA
24 62 (16.40%) C#
25 61 (16.14%) Software Engineering
26 59 (15.61%) Security Cleared
26 59 (15.61%) Business Intelligence

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (8.99%) WebLogic
2 31 (8.20%) Confluence
3 19 (5.03%) SAS
3 19 (5.03%) Tomcat
4 18 (4.76%) Apache
5 13 (3.44%) Apache Spark
6 9 (2.38%) SharePoint
7 7 (1.85%) Apache Pig
7 7 (1.85%) OpenStack
8 5 (1.32%) WebSphere
8 5 (1.32%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (1.06%) IIS
9 4 (1.06%) JBoss
9 4 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.79%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.79%) nginx
11 2 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.53%) Elasticsearch
11 2 (0.53%) IBM Domino
11 2 (0.53%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 17 (4.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (2.12%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (2.65%) Summit
2 3 (0.79%) Magento
2 3 (0.79%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.79%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.53%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.26%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.26%) Teamcenter
4 1 (0.26%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 98 (25.93%) AWS
2 86 (22.75%) Azure
3 27 (7.14%) GitHub
4 24 (6.35%) Amazon EKS
5 22 (5.82%) GCP
5 22 (5.82%) PaaS
6 20 (5.29%) IaaS
7 18 (4.76%) SaaS
8 11 (2.91%) Amazon EC2
9 9 (2.38%) Serverless
10 8 (2.12%) OpenShift
11 6 (1.59%) Amazon ELB
11 6 (1.59%) AWS CloudFormation
11 6 (1.59%) Azure Active Directory
11 6 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.32%) Amazon S3
12 5 (1.32%) Azure Data Factory
12 5 (1.32%) Azure Functions
12 5 (1.32%) Power Platform
12 5 (1.32%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 26 (6.88%) DNS
2 22 (5.82%) TCP/IP
3 21 (5.56%) SAN
4 13 (3.44%) HTTP
5 12 (3.17%) Internet
6 11 (2.91%) SNMP
7 10 (2.65%) Firewall
8 9 (2.38%) LAN
8 9 (2.38%) SSH
8 9 (2.38%) WAN
9 8 (2.12%) DHCP
10 7 (1.85%) Kerberos
10 7 (1.85%) TACACS
11 6 (1.59%) SSL
12 5 (1.32%) IPv4
12 5 (1.32%) NAS
12 5 (1.32%) VPN
13 4 (1.06%) BGP
13 4 (1.06%) Intranet
13 4 (1.06%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (19.31%) MySQL
2 32 (8.47%) Relational Database
2 32 (8.47%) SQL Server
3 24 (6.35%) Hadoop
4 22 (5.82%) HBase
5 21 (5.56%) Data Warehouse
5 21 (5.56%) Oracle Database
5 21 (5.56%) PostgreSQL
6 16 (4.23%) MongoDB
7 14 (3.70%) Apache Hive
7 14 (3.70%) Pentaho
8 11 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
9 10 (2.65%) Data Mart
9 10 (2.65%) Oracle Database 12c
9 10 (2.65%) RDBMS
10 9 (2.38%) Oracle Database 11g
11 8 (2.12%) DB2
11 8 (2.12%) Flink
12 7 (1.85%) BusinessObjects
12 7 (1.85%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 103 (27.25%) Git (software)
2 95 (25.13%) Jenkins
3 65 (17.20%) JIRA
4 48 (12.70%) Bitbucket
5 30 (7.94%) Subversion
6 27 (7.14%) CA Gen
7 19 (5.03%) GitLab
7 19 (5.03%) Maven
8 18 (4.76%) Eclipse
8 18 (4.76%) Visual Studio
9 15 (3.97%) Artifactory
10 12 (3.17%) TeamCity
11 10 (2.65%) Sonatype Nexus
12 9 (2.38%) Ant
13 8 (2.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 8 (2.12%) JMeter
13 8 (2.12%) Selenium
14 7 (1.85%) LoadRunner
14 7 (1.85%) SonarQube
14 7 (1.85%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 111 (29.37%) Social Skills
2 78 (20.63%) Finance
3 54 (14.29%) Analytical Skills
4 42 (11.11%) Banking
5 41 (10.85%) Public Sector
6 29 (7.67%) Telecoms
7 23 (6.08%) Electronics
8 21 (5.56%) Manufacturing
8 21 (5.56%) Marketing
9 19 (5.03%) Front Office
10 16 (4.23%) Investment Banking
11 11 (2.91%) Retail
12 10 (2.65%) Back Office
13 8 (2.12%) Documentation Skills
14 5 (1.32%) Financial Institution
14 5 (1.32%) German Language
15 4 (1.06%) Billing
15 4 (1.06%) Law
15 4 (1.06%) Presentation Skills
15 4 (1.06%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 95 (25.13%) Developer
2 52 (13.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 33 (8.73%) Administrator
4 29 (7.67%) Software Engineer
5 23 (6.08%) Systems Administrator
6 19 (5.03%) Cloud Engineer
7 16 (4.23%) Consultant
7 16 (4.23%) Linux Administrator
8 12 (3.17%) Java Developer
8 12 (3.17%) Linux Engineer
8 12 (3.17%) PHP Developer
8 12 (3.17%) Programmer
9 11 (2.91%) Analyst
9 11 (2.91%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 11 (2.91%) Perl Developer
9 11 (2.91%) SQL Developer
10 10 (2.65%) Architect
10 10 (2.65%) Azure Engineer
10 10 (2.65%) C++ Developer
10 10 (2.65%) Summit Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (10.05%) Kafka
2 35 (9.26%) Web Services
3 32 (8.47%) J2EE
4 25 (6.61%) Elastic Stack
5 24 (6.35%) LDAP
6 18 (4.76%) REST
6 18 (4.76%) SOAP
7 16 (4.23%) HTML
8 15 (3.97%) .NET
8 15 (3.97%) JSON
9 14 (3.70%) XML
10 13 (3.44%) Middleware
10 13 (3.44%) RESTful
11 12 (3.17%) Spring
12 11 (2.91%) AngularJS
13 10 (2.65%) LAMP
14 8 (2.12%) Node.js
14 8 (2.12%) Spark Streaming
15 7 (1.85%) JDBC
16 6 (1.59%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 18 (4.76%) Data Centre
1 18 (4.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 17 (4.50%) Linux Command Line
3 16 (4.23%) Fixed Income
4 15 (3.97%) Derivative
5 12 (3.17%) Management Information System
5 12 (3.17%) Replication
6 11 (2.91%) Equities
7 10 (2.65%) Public Cloud
8 9 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
9 8 (2.12%) Cloud Native
9 8 (2.12%) Data Protection Act
10 7 (1.85%) Mobile App
11 6 (1.59%) Clustering
11 6 (1.59%) Robotics
12 5 (1.32%) Legacy Applications
13 4 (1.06%) N-Tier
13 4 (1.06%) User Experience
14 3 (0.79%) Blog
14 3 (0.79%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 175 (46.30%) Linux
2 149 (39.42%) Unix
3 76 (20.11%) Windows
4 66 (17.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (6.88%) Solaris
6 17 (4.50%) CentOS
7 13 (3.44%) Windows Server
8 10 (2.65%) Ubuntu
9 9 (2.38%) AIX
9 9 (2.38%) VMS
10 7 (1.85%) Debian
11 6 (1.59%) Android
11 6 (1.59%) Apple iOS
12 5 (1.32%) SUSE
13 3 (0.79%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.53%) Amazon Linux
14 2 (0.53%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.53%) Windows Server 2019
15 1 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.26%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 109 (28.84%) DevOps
2 105 (27.78%) Agile Software Development
3 75 (19.84%) Configuration Management
4 61 (16.14%) Software Engineering
5 59 (15.61%) Business Intelligence
6 57 (15.08%) Scrum
7 52 (13.76%) Problem-Solving
8 44 (11.64%) Test Strategy
9 42 (11.11%) Analytics
9 42 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
10 40 (10.58%) Infrastructure as Code
10 40 (10.58%) Process Improvement
11 38 (10.05%) Computer Science
12 37 (9.79%) Microservices
13 36 (9.52%) Data Modelling
14 35 (9.26%) OO
15 34 (8.99%) Migration
16 33 (8.73%) Waterfall
17 28 (7.41%) Problem Management
17 28 (7.41%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 239 (63.23%) Python
2 174 (46.03%) Java
3 165 (43.65%) SQL
4 112 (29.63%) Bash Shell
5 93 (24.60%) Shell Script
6 76 (20.11%) PHP
7 68 (17.99%) PL/SQL
8 65 (17.20%) PowerShell
9 62 (16.40%) C#
10 51 (13.49%) C++
10 51 (13.49%) Ruby
11 44 (11.64%) JavaScript
12 37 (9.79%) C
13 21 (5.56%) COBOL
14 19 (5.03%) Scala
15 17 (4.50%) R
16 16 (4.23%) VBA
17 14 (3.70%) AWK
17 14 (3.70%) HiveQL
18 13 (3.44%) Go
Qualifications
1 59 (15.61%) Security Cleared
2 50 (13.23%) SC Cleared
3 44 (11.64%) Degree
4 25 (6.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.85%) RHCE
6 4 (1.06%) CISSP
7 3 (0.79%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.79%) LPIC
7 3 (0.79%) RHCSA
8 2 (0.53%) CCNA
8 2 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.53%) CREST Certified
8 2 (0.53%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.53%) HNC
8 2 (0.53%) HND
8 2 (0.53%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.53%) RHCT
8 2 (0.53%) Tigerscheme
9 1 (0.26%) OCP
9 1 (0.26%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (3.44%) QA
2 7 (1.85%) Data Quality
2 7 (1.85%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 6 (1.59%) GDPR
4 1 (0.26%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.26%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.26%) SLA
4 1 (0.26%) SOC 1
4 1 (0.26%) SOC 2
System Software
1 55 (14.55%) Docker
2 32 (8.47%) Active Directory
3 29 (7.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (3.70%) HDFS
5 8 (2.12%) Hyper-V
5 8 (2.12%) Oracle RAC
5 8 (2.12%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (1.59%) Veritas File System
7 5 (1.32%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 5 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (1.06%) NFS
8 4 (1.06%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.79%) GlusterFS
9 3 (0.79%) RACF
9 3 (0.79%) Xen
10 2 (0.53%) Firmware
10 2 (0.53%) GPFS
10 2 (0.53%) iptables
10 2 (0.53%) KVM
10 2 (0.53%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 93 (24.60%) Ansible
2 55 (14.55%) Kubernetes
2 55 (14.55%) Terraform
3 38 (10.05%) Puppet
4 28 (7.41%) Opscode Chef
5 23 (6.08%) Rancher
6 22 (5.82%) Grafana
7 20 (5.29%) Kibana
8 19 (5.03%) logstash
9 18 (4.76%) Fluentd
9 18 (4.76%) Istio
9 18 (4.76%) Prometheus
10 16 (4.23%) Consul
11 11 (2.91%) Tivoli
12 10 (2.65%) SCCM
13 9 (2.38%) Control-M
14 8 (2.12%) BladeLogic
14 8 (2.12%) Netcool
14 8 (2.12%) Red Hat Satellite
15 7 (1.85%) QRadar
Vendors
1 135 (35.71%) Oracle
2 70 (18.52%) Red Hat
3 44 (11.64%) VMware
4 37 (9.79%) Splunk
5 33 (8.73%) SAP
6 30 (7.94%) BEA
6 30 (7.94%) HP
7 29 (7.67%) webMethods
8 28 (7.41%) Pega
9 27 (7.14%) Microsoft
10 26 (6.88%) Google
10 26 (6.88%) IBM
11 24 (6.35%) Informatica
12 23 (6.08%) Sybase
13 20 (5.29%) AppDynamics
14 18 (4.76%) Talend
15 15 (3.97%) EMC
16 12 (3.17%) BMC
16 12 (3.17%) Dell
17 11 (2.91%) ServiceNow