Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 238 291 235
Rank change year-on-year +53 -56 -35
Contract jobs citing Perl 327 635 1,147
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.06% 0.84% 1.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.48% 2.03% 2.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 205 380 708
Median daily rate £453 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.50% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £275 £313 £325
90th Percentile £650 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -10.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 19 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +14.29% -12.50%
10th Percentile £31.08 £17.85 £23.50
90th Percentile £38.70 £49.50 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £39.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -10.26% +11.43% -12.50%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,175 31,276 42,898
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.62% 41.60% 45.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,728 21,803 30,586
Median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
10th Percentile £310 £325 £320
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 377 636 617
Median hourly rate £37.00 £43.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.94% +3.57% +5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £17.37 £17.00
90th Percentile £58.73 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.61
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.14% +4.03%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +35 187 £500 -7.41% 32
South East +105 37 £420 -6.67% 12
North of England +80 33 £450 -7.69% 20
Midlands +76 26 £375 -25.00% 8
West Midlands +70 23 £361 -25.95% 8
East of England +54 18 £450 +9.09% 15
Yorkshire +58 16 £450 -10.00% 7
North West +53 16 £529 +17.56% 12
South West +92 10 £323 -24.12% 9
East Midlands +42 3 £375 -31.82%
North East +31 1 - - 1
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 227 (69.42%) Python
2 181 (55.35%) Linux
3 121 (37.00%) Java
4 105 (32.11%) Unix
5 94 (28.75%) Windows
6 93 (28.44%) SQL
6 93 (28.44%) Jenkins
7 89 (27.22%) Oracle
8 87 (26.61%) Bash Shell
9 86 (26.30%) DevOps
10 74 (22.63%) Git (software)
11 73 (22.32%) Kubernetes
12 71 (21.71%) Configuration Management
13 69 (21.10%) Shell Script
14 67 (20.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 67 (20.49%) AWS
14 67 (20.49%) Agile Software Development
15 66 (20.18%) PowerShell
16 65 (19.88%) Ansible
17 64 (19.57%) Finance
18 61 (18.65%) Puppet
19 58 (17.74%) Docker
20 57 (17.43%) JIRA
21 55 (16.82%) Red Hat
22 53 (16.21%) Azure
23 51 (15.60%) PL/SQL
24 49 (14.98%) Security Cleared
25 44 (13.46%) MySQL
26 43 (13.15%) SC Cleared
26 43 (13.15%) Test Automation

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (11.31%) WebLogic
2 32 (9.79%) Confluence
3 26 (7.95%) Tomcat
4 24 (7.34%) Apache
5 19 (5.81%) Elasticsearch
5 19 (5.81%) JBoss
6 15 (4.59%) IIS
7 12 (3.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 11 (3.36%) nginx
9 9 (2.75%) Apache Spark
9 9 (2.75%) Oracle Service Bus
10 7 (2.14%) MQSeries
11 6 (1.83%) Mailman
11 6 (1.83%) SharePoint
12 5 (1.53%) Jetty
12 5 (1.53%) OpenStack
12 5 (1.53%) Oracle Self-Service HR
12 5 (1.53%) Red Hat Fuse
12 5 (1.53%) SAS
13 4 (1.22%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (2.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.31%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 5 (1.53%) Magento
1 5 (1.53%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.61%) OpenText Process Suite
3 2 (0.61%) StreamServe
4 1 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.31%) Fredhopper
4 1 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 67 (20.49%) AWS
2 53 (16.21%) Azure
3 25 (7.65%) GitHub
4 15 (4.59%) Amazon EKS
5 12 (3.67%) Amazon Cognito
5 12 (3.67%) GCP
6 9 (2.75%) OpenShift
7 8 (2.45%) Amazon EC2
7 8 (2.45%) Azure Data Factory
8 7 (2.14%) Amazon S3
8 7 (2.14%) Office 365
9 6 (1.83%) OneDrive
9 6 (1.83%) Serverless
10 5 (1.53%) Azure Active Directory
10 5 (1.53%) Azure Functions
11 4 (1.22%) IaaS
12 3 (0.92%) Apigee
12 3 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.92%) PaaS
12 3 (0.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 34 (10.40%) DNS
2 32 (9.79%) Firewall
3 30 (9.17%) TCP/IP
4 21 (6.42%) DHCP
5 20 (6.12%) HTTP
6 19 (5.81%) SNMP
7 18 (5.50%) SSH
8 17 (5.20%) SMTP
8 17 (5.20%) SSL
9 14 (4.28%) FTP
10 11 (3.36%) MPLS
11 10 (3.06%) BGP
12 9 (2.75%) Fibre Channel
12 9 (2.75%) iSCSI
13 8 (2.45%) SAN
14 7 (2.14%) IMAP
15 6 (1.83%) S/MIME
15 6 (1.83%) VPN
16 5 (1.53%) OSPF
16 5 (1.53%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (13.46%) MySQL
2 28 (8.56%) SQL Server
3 24 (7.34%) Oracle Database
4 20 (6.12%) MongoDB
5 18 (5.50%) Hadoop
6 17 (5.20%) Relational Database
7 15 (4.59%) Oracle Database 11g
8 14 (4.28%) MariaDB
8 14 (4.28%) NoSQL
9 12 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
10 11 (3.36%) Big Data
11 9 (2.75%) BusinessObjects
12 8 (2.45%) HBase
12 8 (2.45%) Neo4j
13 7 (2.14%) Apache Hive
13 7 (2.14%) Oracle Database 12c
14 6 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
14 6 (1.83%) Apache Accumulo
14 6 (1.83%) Data Lake
14 6 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 93 (28.44%) Jenkins
2 74 (22.63%) Git (software)
3 57 (17.43%) JIRA
4 30 (9.17%) GitLab
5 29 (8.87%) Artifactory
6 27 (8.26%) Subversion
7 25 (7.65%) Bitbucket
8 22 (6.73%) Selenium
9 21 (6.42%) CA Gen
10 17 (5.20%) Cucumber
11 15 (4.59%) SoapUI
12 14 (4.28%) TeamCity
13 13 (3.98%) Ant
14 11 (3.36%) LoadRunner
14 11 (3.36%) Maven
15 10 (3.06%) GoCD
15 10 (3.06%) Hudson
15 10 (3.06%) Octopus Deploy
16 9 (2.75%) Liquibase
16 9 (2.75%) VisualSVN
General
1 64 (19.57%) Finance
2 41 (12.54%) Public Sector
3 34 (10.40%) Banking
4 27 (8.26%) Telecoms
5 16 (4.89%) Electronics
5 16 (4.89%) Manufacturing
5 16 (4.89%) Marketing
6 9 (2.75%) Front Office
7 6 (1.83%) Aerospace
8 5 (1.53%) Investment Banking
9 4 (1.22%) Legal
9 4 (1.22%) Retail
10 3 (0.92%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.61%) Back Office
11 2 (0.61%) French Language
11 2 (0.61%) Military
11 2 (0.61%) Prime Brokerage
11 2 (0.61%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.31%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 51 (15.60%) Developer
2 31 (9.48%) Administrator
2 31 (9.48%) Linux Engineer
3 28 (8.56%) DevOps Engineer
4 21 (6.42%) Linux Administrator
5 18 (5.50%) Linux Systems Administrator
5 18 (5.50%) Security Engineer
6 17 (5.20%) Systems Administrator
7 15 (4.59%) Consultant
8 14 (4.28%) Architect
8 14 (4.28%) Python Engineer
9 13 (3.98%) Software Engineer
10 12 (3.67%) Senior DevOps
11 11 (3.36%) Build Engineer
12 10 (3.06%) Deployment Engineer
12 10 (3.06%) Platform Engineer
12 10 (3.06%) QA Engineer
12 10 (3.06%) Solutions Architect
12 10 (3.06%) Support Engineer
13 9 (2.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (12.23%) Kafka
2 34 (10.40%) SOAP
3 25 (7.65%) Elastic Stack
3 25 (7.65%) J2EE
4 24 (7.34%) Middleware
5 22 (6.73%) REST
6 17 (5.20%) .NET
6 17 (5.20%) Spring
6 17 (5.20%) XML
7 16 (4.89%) Web Services
8 14 (4.28%) Node.js
9 12 (3.67%) AngularJS
10 11 (3.36%) HTML
10 11 (3.36%) jQuery
10 11 (3.36%) Software Packaging
11 10 (3.06%) JMS
11 10 (3.06%) RabbitMQ
12 9 (2.75%) LDAP
12 9 (2.75%) Oracle Fusion
12 9 (2.75%) React
Miscellaneous
1 33 (10.09%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (5.50%) Linux Command Line
3 17 (5.20%) Management Information System
4 14 (4.28%) Data Centre
5 9 (2.75%) Clustering
5 9 (2.75%) Derivative
5 9 (2.75%) Private Cloud
6 8 (2.45%) Cloud Native
6 8 (2.45%) Robotics
6 8 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
7 7 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
7 7 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (2.14%) PKI
8 6 (1.83%) Analytical Mindset
9 5 (1.53%) User Experience
10 4 (1.22%) Embedded Systems
10 4 (1.22%) Equities
10 4 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (1.22%) Mobile App
11 3 (0.92%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 181 (55.35%) Linux
2 105 (32.11%) Unix
3 94 (28.75%) Windows
4 67 (20.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 34 (10.40%) CentOS
6 22 (6.73%) Debian
7 20 (6.12%) Solaris
8 14 (4.28%) Ubuntu
9 9 (2.75%) Android
9 9 (2.75%) Apple iOS
10 6 (1.83%) SUSE
11 5 (1.53%) AIX
11 5 (1.53%) Mac OS X
12 4 (1.22%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.92%) Windows Server
14 2 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
15 1 (0.31%) Fedora
15 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (26.30%) DevOps
2 71 (21.71%) Configuration Management
3 67 (20.49%) Agile Software Development
4 43 (13.15%) Test Automation
5 39 (11.93%) Business Intelligence
6 38 (11.62%) Problem-Solving
7 36 (11.01%) Migration
8 34 (10.40%) Scrum
9 32 (9.79%) Microservices
10 28 (8.56%) Problem Management
10 28 (8.56%) Software Engineering
11 27 (8.26%) Waterfall
12 26 (7.95%) Deployment Automation
12 26 (7.95%) OO
12 26 (7.95%) Test Strategy
13 25 (7.65%) Cybersecurity
14 24 (7.34%) Continuous Integration
14 24 (7.34%) Data Modelling
15 23 (7.03%) ETL
15 23 (7.03%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 227 (69.42%) Python
2 121 (37.00%) Java
3 93 (28.44%) SQL
4 87 (26.61%) Bash Shell
5 69 (21.10%) Shell Script
6 66 (20.18%) PowerShell
7 51 (15.60%) PL/SQL
8 39 (11.93%) Ruby
9 37 (11.31%) JavaScript
10 29 (8.87%) PHP
11 27 (8.26%) C++
12 24 (7.34%) C#
13 22 (6.73%) C
14 21 (6.42%) Groovy
15 14 (4.28%) T-SQL
16 12 (3.67%) COBOL
17 9 (2.75%) Scala
17 9 (2.75%) VBA
18 6 (1.83%) Go
19 5 (1.53%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 49 (14.98%) Security Cleared
2 43 (13.15%) SC Cleared
3 16 (4.89%) Degree
4 12 (3.67%) DV Cleared
5 11 (3.36%) Cisco Certification
6 9 (2.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (2.45%) DBS Check
8 7 (2.14%) CompTIA Security+
8 7 (2.14%) GCFA
9 6 (1.83%) CCIE
9 6 (1.83%) CCNA
10 4 (1.22%) CCIE Routing and Switching
10 4 (1.22%) CCIE Service Provider
10 4 (1.22%) JNCIA
10 4 (1.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 2 (0.61%) CCDP
11 2 (0.61%) ISEB Practitioner
11 2 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.61%) RHCE
11 2 (0.61%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (7.03%) QA
2 7 (2.14%) SLA
3 4 (1.22%) GDPR
4 3 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.92%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.61%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.61%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.61%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.61%) NIST
6 1 (0.31%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.31%) PMO
6 1 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 58 (17.74%) Docker
2 33 (10.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (7.34%) Active Directory
4 10 (3.06%) NFS
5 7 (2.14%) HDFS
6 6 (1.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (1.53%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (1.22%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.92%) KVM
9 3 (0.92%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.61%) Firmware
10 2 (0.61%) oVirt
10 2 (0.61%) Varnish
10 2 (0.61%) Xen
11 1 (0.31%) Postfix
11 1 (0.31%) Sendmail
11 1 (0.31%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 1 (0.31%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 73 (22.32%) Kubernetes
2 65 (19.88%) Ansible
3 61 (18.65%) Puppet
4 33 (10.09%) Opscode Chef
5 29 (8.87%) Prometheus
6 25 (7.65%) Grafana
6 25 (7.65%) Netcool
7 22 (6.73%) Terraform
8 20 (6.12%) Kibana
9 16 (4.89%) logstash
10 14 (4.28%) Rundeck
10 14 (4.28%) Salt
11 13 (3.98%) Consul
11 13 (3.98%) Istio
11 13 (3.98%) Rancher
12 11 (3.36%) Fluentd
12 11 (3.36%) Nagios
12 11 (3.36%) Tivoli
13 10 (3.06%) Netcool/OMNIbus
13 10 (3.06%) Netcool/Webtop
Vendors
1 89 (27.22%) Oracle
2 55 (16.82%) Red Hat
3 39 (11.93%) VMware
4 35 (10.70%) Splunk
5 34 (10.40%) IBM
6 23 (7.03%) AppDynamics
6 23 (7.03%) BEA
7 22 (6.73%) Pega
8 21 (6.42%) Atlassian
8 21 (6.42%) SAP
9 19 (5.81%) webMethods
10 17 (5.20%) HP
11 16 (4.89%) Microsoft
12 15 (4.59%) SaltStack
13 13 (3.98%) Dell
14 12 (3.67%) EMC
14 12 (3.67%) Informatica
14 12 (3.67%) MuleSoft
14 12 (3.67%) RedGate
14 12 (3.67%) Sybase