Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 379 369 296
Rank change year-on-year -10 -73 +3
Contract jobs citing Perl 449 331 299
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.62% 0.63% 0.81%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.68% 1.55% 1.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 295 216 211
10th Percentile £379 £356 £350
25th Percentile £463 £405 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +13.16% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £625 £538 £550
90th Percentile £775 £600 £650
UK median daily rate £538 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +13.16% -4.95% -0.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 3
10th Percentile £43.39 £28.13 -
25th Percentile £45.48 £36.56 £31.50
Median hourly rate £50.20 £47.50 £33.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.68% +43.94% -27.94%
75th Percentile £55.73 £56.25 £50.25
90th Percentile £58.29 £60.75 £59.70
UK median hourly rate £48.10 £52.50 £40.70
% change year-on-year -8.38% +28.99% -9.38%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,748 21,345 15,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 37.13% 40.84% 41.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,800 15,245 11,035
10th Percentile £388 £340 £325
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £554 £505 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.70% +1.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £594
90th Percentile £775 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 475 395 252
10th Percentile £20.00 £16.61 £17.83
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.40 £22.50
Median hourly rate £52.50 £42.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +23.53% - -5.38%
75th Percentile £64.13 £53.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £64.00 £60.90
UK median hourly rate £52.25 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +22.94% - -3.41%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +7 256 £575 +15.00% 42
Midlands -34 54 £524 +23.54% 14
West Midlands -28 53 £527 +20.46% 13
South East -29 50 £388 -5.49% 14
North of England -46 28 £500 +17.65% 12
East of England -13 20 £485 +4.86% 12
North West -38 17 £563 +32.04% 8
Yorkshire -31 7 £500 +17.65% 4
North East - 4 £525 -
South West -24 3 £400 -23.81% 2
East Midlands -12 1 £344 -14.00% 1
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 341 (75.95%) Python
2 283 (63.03%) Linux
3 234 (52.12%) Java
4 198 (44.10%) Unix
5 171 (38.08%) SQL
6 167 (37.19%) Oracle
7 164 (36.53%) AWS
8 158 (35.19%) Windows
9 137 (30.51%) Bash
10 136 (30.29%) Social Skills
11 129 (28.73%) Finance
12 121 (26.95%) Agile
13 113 (25.17%) Shell Script
14 112 (24.94%) Configuration Management
15 106 (23.61%) Git (software)
16 104 (23.16%) JIRA
17 102 (22.72%) DevOps
18 96 (21.38%) Azure
19 95 (21.16%) Ansible
20 92 (20.49%) Software Engineering
21 91 (20.27%) PL/SQL
21 91 (20.27%) Jenkins
22 79 (17.59%) CI/CD
23 72 (16.04%) Bitbucket
23 72 (16.04%) Process Improvement
24 71 (15.81%) MySQL
24 71 (15.81%) Red Hat
24 71 (15.81%) Continuous Integration
25 70 (15.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 70 (15.59%) Test Strategy

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (15.14%) Confluence
2 46 (10.24%) WebLogic
3 25 (5.57%) SAS
4 21 (4.68%) Apache
5 18 (4.01%) Tomcat
6 15 (3.34%) WebSphere
7 13 (2.90%) IIS
8 12 (2.67%) Oracle Coherence
9 11 (2.45%) Apache Spark
9 11 (2.45%) WebSphere Application Server
10 10 (2.23%) nginx
11 8 (1.78%) Apache Pig
11 8 (1.78%) OpenStack
12 6 (1.34%) JBoss
12 6 (1.34%) Oracle Workflow
12 6 (1.34%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.89%) Drupal
14 3 (0.67%) MS Exchange
14 3 (0.67%) Mule
14 3 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 33 (7.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.78%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (1.11%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.89%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 18 (4.01%) assyst
2 11 (2.45%) BusinessWorks
3 7 (1.56%) Magento
4 3 (0.67%) Advent Geneva
4 3 (0.67%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 3 (0.67%) Oracle 11i
4 3 (0.67%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.67%) Shopify
5 2 (0.45%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.45%) Oracle Retail
5 2 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.45%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 164 (36.53%) AWS
2 96 (21.38%) Azure
3 28 (6.24%) PaaS
4 26 (5.79%) Amazon EC2
4 26 (5.79%) Amazon S3
4 26 (5.79%) SaaS
5 22 (4.90%) Serverless
6 20 (4.45%) GCP
7 18 (4.01%) Cloud Computing
8 15 (3.34%) GitHub
8 15 (3.34%) IaaS
8 15 (3.34%) OpenShift
8 15 (3.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 13 (2.90%) AWS Lambda
9 13 (2.90%) NuGet
10 11 (2.45%) Amazon EKS
10 11 (2.45%) Azure Active Directory
10 11 (2.45%) Azure DevOps
11 10 (2.23%) Azure AKS
12 9 (2.00%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 58 (12.92%) Firewall
2 38 (8.46%) DNS
3 36 (8.02%) TCP/IP
4 18 (4.01%) SSL
5 17 (3.79%) VPN
6 16 (3.56%) HTTP
6 16 (3.56%) SSH
7 15 (3.34%) Internet
7 15 (3.34%) Network Security
8 11 (2.45%) FTP
9 10 (2.23%) DHCP
9 10 (2.23%) SMTP
9 10 (2.23%) tcpdump
10 7 (1.56%) BGP
10 7 (1.56%) SAN
11 6 (1.34%) OSPF
11 6 (1.34%) SNMP
11 6 (1.34%) VoIP
11 6 (1.34%) Wi-Fi
11 6 (1.34%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (15.81%) MySQL
2 62 (13.81%) Pentaho
3 42 (9.35%) Relational Database
4 35 (7.80%) HBase
4 35 (7.80%) SQL Server
5 34 (7.57%) Data Warehouse
6 31 (6.90%) Hadoop
7 30 (6.68%) Apache Hive
7 30 (6.68%) Oracle Database
8 20 (4.45%) Oracle Database 11g
9 19 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
10 17 (3.79%) Impala
11 16 (3.56%) Amazon RDS
11 16 (3.56%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
13 12 (2.67%) MongoDB
14 11 (2.45%) Base SAS
14 11 (2.45%) Data Mart
14 11 (2.45%) SAS Data Integration Studio
14 11 (2.45%) SAS Visual Analytics
Development Applications
1 106 (23.61%) Git (software)
2 104 (23.16%) JIRA
3 91 (20.27%) Jenkins
4 72 (16.04%) Bitbucket
5 55 (12.25%) GitLab
6 40 (8.91%) Artifactory
7 33 (7.35%) CA Gen
8 23 (5.12%) Maven
8 23 (5.12%) TeamCity
9 17 (3.79%) Subversion
10 12 (2.67%) JBehave
11 11 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 8 (1.78%) JMeter
13 6 (1.34%) LoadRunner
13 6 (1.34%) Sonatype Nexus
14 5 (1.11%) Cucumber
14 5 (1.11%) Postman
14 5 (1.11%) Serena SBM
14 5 (1.11%) SonarQube
14 5 (1.11%) Visual Studio
General
1 136 (30.29%) Social Skills
2 129 (28.73%) Finance
3 52 (11.58%) Banking
4 46 (10.24%) Analytical Skills
5 41 (9.13%) Public Sector
6 35 (7.80%) Front Office
7 19 (4.23%) Investment Banking
8 13 (2.90%) Telecoms
9 12 (2.67%) Retail
10 10 (2.23%) Financial Institution
11 8 (1.78%) Presentation Skills
12 7 (1.56%) Back Office
13 4 (0.89%) Advertising
13 4 (0.89%) Electronics
14 3 (0.67%) German Language
14 3 (0.67%) Organisational Skills
15 2 (0.45%) International Banking
15 2 (0.45%) Law
15 2 (0.45%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.45%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 60 (13.36%) Developer
2 59 (13.14%) Software Engineer
3 58 (12.92%) DevOps Engineer
4 44 (9.80%) Analyst
5 33 (7.35%) Support Analyst
6 28 (6.24%) Linux Engineer
7 25 (5.57%) Electronic Trading Support
7 25 (5.57%) Platform Engineer
8 22 (4.90%) Senior Software Engineer
9 20 (4.45%) Architect
10 19 (4.23%) Support Engineer
11 17 (3.79%) Security Engineer
12 16 (3.56%) AWS Engineer
13 14 (3.12%) Administrator
14 13 (2.90%) AWS DevOps
14 13 (2.90%) Production Support Analyst
14 13 (2.90%) Technical Engineer
14 13 (2.90%) Technical Support
14 13 (2.90%) Technical Support Engineer
15 12 (2.67%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.24%) .NET
1 37 (8.24%) J2EE
2 32 (7.13%) REST
3 28 (6.24%) Middleware
4 25 (5.57%) Elastic Stack
4 25 (5.57%) FIX Protocol
5 24 (5.35%) LDAP
6 23 (5.12%) JSON
7 22 (4.90%) Spring
8 21 (4.68%) RESTful
9 20 (4.45%) Kafka
10 18 (4.01%) SOAP
11 17 (3.79%) XML
12 15 (3.34%) RabbitMQ
13 14 (3.12%) Node.js
14 12 (2.67%) Web Services
15 11 (2.45%) HTML
15 11 (2.45%) Rendezvous
15 11 (2.45%) Spring Boot
15 11 (2.45%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 24 (5.35%) Equities
2 22 (4.90%) Data Centre
3 21 (4.68%) Public Cloud
4 20 (4.45%) Clustering
5 15 (3.34%) Cloud Native
6 14 (3.12%) Data Structures
7 12 (2.67%) Linux Command Line
8 11 (2.45%) Algorithms
8 11 (2.45%) Derivative
8 11 (2.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (2.23%) DataPower
9 10 (2.23%) Replication
9 10 (2.23%) SWIFT
10 8 (1.78%) Management Information System
10 8 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (1.56%) Private Cloud
12 6 (1.34%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 5 (1.11%) Blockchain
13 5 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
14 4 (0.89%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 283 (63.03%) Linux
2 198 (44.10%) Unix
3 158 (35.19%) Windows
4 70 (15.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (5.35%) CentOS
6 21 (4.68%) Ubuntu
7 20 (4.45%) Solaris
7 20 (4.45%) Windows Server
8 11 (2.45%) SUSE
9 10 (2.23%) AIX
10 7 (1.56%) Debian
11 5 (1.11%) Apple iOS
11 5 (1.11%) CoreOS
11 5 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.89%) VMS
12 4 (0.89%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.89%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.89%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.45%) Kali Linux
14 1 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (26.95%) Agile
2 112 (24.94%) Configuration Management
3 102 (22.72%) DevOps
4 92 (20.49%) Software Engineering
5 79 (17.59%) CI/CD
6 72 (16.04%) Process Improvement
7 71 (15.81%) Continuous Integration
8 70 (15.59%) Test Strategy
9 69 (15.37%) Problem-Solving
10 67 (14.92%) Scrum
11 59 (13.14%) ETL
12 48 (10.69%) Analytics
12 48 (10.69%) ITIL
13 47 (10.47%) Problem Management
14 45 (10.02%) OO
15 44 (9.80%) Business Intelligence
16 41 (9.13%) Requirements Gathering
17 39 (8.69%) Microservices
18 38 (8.46%) Data Modelling
19 37 (8.24%) Task Automation
Programming Languages
1 341 (75.95%) Python
2 234 (52.12%) Java
3 171 (38.08%) SQL
4 137 (30.51%) Bash
5 113 (25.17%) Shell Script
6 91 (20.27%) PL/SQL
7 67 (14.92%) C++
8 57 (12.69%) PowerShell
9 56 (12.47%) Ruby
10 52 (11.58%) JavaScript
11 48 (10.69%) C
12 47 (10.47%) C#
13 42 (9.35%) PHP
14 36 (8.02%) Scala
15 35 (7.80%) VBA
16 34 (7.57%) COBOL
16 34 (7.57%) HiveQL
17 32 (7.13%) R
18 25 (5.57%) Go
19 20 (4.45%) Korn
Qualifications
1 56 (12.47%) Security Cleared
2 49 (10.91%) SC Cleared
3 23 (5.12%) Degree
4 13 (2.90%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (2.67%) CISSP
6 11 (2.45%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (1.56%) CISM
8 6 (1.34%) CCIE
9 5 (1.11%) AWS Certification
9 5 (1.11%) CCIE Routing and Switching
9 5 (1.11%) CCNP
9 5 (1.11%) CISA
10 4 (0.89%) CCIE Service Provider
10 4 (0.89%) CCNA
11 3 (0.67%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.45%) CEH
12 2 (0.45%) CompTIA Security+
12 2 (0.45%) CSSLP
12 2 (0.45%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 1 (0.22%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.34%) QA
2 12 (2.67%) GDPR
3 6 (1.34%) SLA
4 5 (1.11%) PMO
4 5 (1.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.67%) NIST
6 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.22%) GPG13
6 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.22%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 70 (15.59%) Docker
2 36 (8.02%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (7.80%) HDFS
4 33 (7.35%) Active Directory
5 15 (3.34%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (2.23%) vSphere
7 9 (2.00%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (1.34%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (1.11%) Firmware
9 5 (1.11%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.67%) NFS
10 3 (0.67%) Platform Symphony
10 3 (0.67%) Veritas File System
10 3 (0.67%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 2 (0.45%) KVM
11 2 (0.45%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.45%) Samba
11 2 (0.45%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.45%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.45%) Xen
Systems Management
1 95 (21.16%) Ansible
2 69 (15.37%) Kubernetes
3 66 (14.70%) Puppet
4 55 (12.25%) Terraform
5 34 (7.57%) ITRS Geneos
6 21 (4.68%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (4.45%) Red Hat Satellite
8 18 (4.01%) Grafana
9 16 (3.56%) Docker Swarm
9 16 (3.56%) Packer
9 16 (3.56%) Rancher
10 15 (3.34%) Mesos
11 14 (3.12%) Prometheus
12 12 (2.67%) BladeLogic
13 11 (2.45%) Single Sign-On
14 10 (2.23%) Istio
14 10 (2.23%) QRadar
15 8 (1.78%) Kibana
15 8 (1.78%) Tivoli
16 7 (1.56%) Control-M
Vendors
1 167 (37.19%) Oracle
2 71 (15.81%) Red Hat
3 51 (11.36%) Splunk
4 43 (9.58%) IBM
5 39 (8.69%) VMware
6 34 (7.57%) BEA
6 34 (7.57%) Talend
7 33 (7.35%) Pega
8 30 (6.68%) Informatica
8 30 (6.68%) Microsoft
8 30 (6.68%) webMethods
9 25 (5.57%) Cloudera
10 20 (4.45%) AppDynamics
10 20 (4.45%) BMC
10 20 (4.45%) Dynatrace
10 20 (4.45%) Sybase
11 18 (4.01%) Atlassian
11 18 (4.01%) Sun
12 17 (3.79%) ServiceNow
13 16 (3.56%) F5