Period
to 25 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 25 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 239 283 226
Rank change year-on-year +44 -57 -45
Contract jobs citing Perl 277 757 1,205
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.07% 0.94% 1.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.50% 2.21% 2.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 180 444 727
Median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £307 £333 £329
90th Percentile £650 £675 £619
UK median daily rate £473 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -5.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 22 15
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.46 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.56% +13.22% -6.25%
10th Percentile £31.05 £25.88 £24.29
90th Percentile £53.80 £52.50 £54.53
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year -12.50% +10.34% -9.38%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,098 34,327 42,189
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.94% 42.50% 44.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,421 24,019 29,953
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £318
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 608 658
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +6.82% +5.31%
10th Percentile £13.00 £20.07 £17.60
90th Percentile £53.85 £56.25 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.53
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.95% +3.83%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +22 162 £500 -6.98% 34
South East +133 42 £413 -13.16% 18
North of England +93 22 £360 -20.00% 13
South West +106 19 £650 +44.44% 10
East of England +81 18 £450 +15.38% 11
North West +69 9 £365 -18.89% 6
Yorkshire +59 9 £270 -37.75% 6
Midlands +72 8 £360 -24.53% 7
West Midlands +58 7 £360 -24.37% 6
North East +39 4 £498 +24.38% 1
East Midlands +47 1 - - 1
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 194 (70.04%) Python
2 157 (56.68%) Linux
3 101 (36.46%) Java
4 94 (33.94%) Unix
5 91 (32.85%) SQL
6 86 (31.05%) Oracle
7 81 (29.24%) Bash Shell
8 80 (28.88%) DevOps
9 75 (27.08%) Jenkins
10 73 (26.35%) Windows
11 67 (24.19%) Agile Software Development
12 65 (23.47%) AWS
13 61 (22.02%) Docker
14 60 (21.66%) Kubernetes
14 60 (21.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 60 (21.66%) Shell Script
15 59 (21.30%) Git (software)
16 58 (20.94%) Ansible
17 56 (20.22%) Red Hat
18 55 (19.86%) Puppet
19 54 (19.49%) Security Cleared
20 51 (18.41%) JIRA
21 49 (17.69%) Finance
22 48 (17.33%) VMware
23 45 (16.25%) Configuration Management
24 43 (15.52%) MySQL
25 42 (15.16%) SQL Server
26 40 (14.44%) IBM
26 40 (14.44%) Ruby
26 40 (14.44%) PowerShell

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (10.83%) Confluence
2 26 (9.39%) Apache
3 23 (8.30%) WebLogic
4 17 (6.14%) Tomcat
5 16 (5.78%) JBoss
6 14 (5.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 10 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (3.25%) Apache Spark
8 9 (3.25%) IIS
9 8 (2.89%) MQSeries
9 8 (2.89%) Oracle Service Bus
10 7 (2.53%) nginx
11 6 (2.17%) OpenStack
11 6 (2.17%) WebSphere
12 5 (1.81%) Jetty
12 5 (1.81%) Oracle Self-Service HR
12 5 (1.81%) Red Hat Fuse
13 4 (1.44%) Apache Pig
14 3 (1.08%) SAS
14 3 (1.08%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.36%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 5 (1.81%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.44%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (1.08%) Magento
4 2 (0.72%) OpenText Process Suite
4 2 (0.72%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.72%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.72%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.72%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.72%) Siebel CRM
4 2 (0.72%) StreamServe
5 1 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 65 (23.47%) AWS
2 37 (13.36%) Azure
3 12 (4.33%) GCP
4 11 (3.97%) Amazon Cognito
4 11 (3.97%) IaaS
5 10 (3.61%) GitHub
6 9 (3.25%) OpenShift
7 8 (2.89%) Serverless
8 6 (2.17%) SaaS
9 5 (1.81%) Apigee
9 5 (1.81%) Azure Data Factory
9 5 (1.81%) Azure Functions
9 5 (1.81%) PaaS
9 5 (1.81%) Power Platform
10 4 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.44%) Amazon S3
10 4 (1.44%) Azure Active Directory
11 3 (1.08%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.72%) Amazon EKS
12 2 (0.72%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 33 (11.91%) DNS
2 23 (8.30%) Firewall
3 20 (7.22%) TCP/IP
4 19 (6.86%) DHCP
4 19 (6.86%) HTTP
4 19 (6.86%) SNMP
5 15 (5.42%) SSH
6 13 (4.69%) Fibre Channel
7 12 (4.33%) SMTP
8 11 (3.97%) FTP
8 11 (3.97%) SSL
9 10 (3.61%) iSCSI
10 8 (2.89%) SAN
11 7 (2.53%) MPLS
11 7 (2.53%) VPN
12 6 (2.17%) BGP
13 5 (1.81%) VLAN
13 5 (1.81%) WAN
14 4 (1.44%) Kerberos
14 4 (1.44%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (15.52%) MySQL
2 42 (15.16%) SQL Server
3 33 (11.91%) MongoDB
4 30 (10.83%) Oracle Database
5 24 (8.66%) Relational Database
6 22 (7.94%) Hadoop
7 21 (7.58%) PostgreSQL
8 20 (7.22%) Oracle Database 11g
9 15 (5.42%) Apache Accumulo
10 13 (4.69%) Oracle Database 12c
11 12 (4.33%) RDBMS
12 11 (3.97%) Big Data
12 11 (3.97%) MariaDB
12 11 (3.97%) NoSQL
13 10 (3.61%) Data Warehouse
14 7 (2.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 7 (2.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 6 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
15 6 (2.17%) BusinessObjects
15 6 (2.17%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 75 (27.08%) Jenkins
2 59 (21.30%) Git (software)
3 51 (18.41%) JIRA
4 28 (10.11%) Subversion
5 27 (9.75%) Bitbucket
6 19 (6.86%) Ant
7 18 (6.50%) Selenium
8 15 (5.42%) ClearCase
9 14 (5.05%) Cucumber
10 13 (4.69%) SoapUI
11 11 (3.97%) Maven
12 10 (3.61%) GoCD
12 10 (3.61%) Hudson
12 10 (3.61%) Octopus Deploy
13 9 (3.25%) GitLab
13 9 (3.25%) TeamCity
14 8 (2.89%) Eclipse
14 8 (2.89%) Gradle
14 8 (2.89%) SonarQube
15 7 (2.53%) Artifactory
General
1 49 (17.69%) Finance
2 26 (9.39%) Banking
3 23 (8.30%) Public Sector
4 15 (5.42%) Aerospace
5 14 (5.05%) Telecoms
6 12 (4.33%) Front Office
7 6 (2.17%) Investment Banking
8 5 (1.81%) Manufacturing
9 4 (1.44%) Financial Institution
10 3 (1.08%) Electronics
10 3 (1.08%) Legal
10 3 (1.08%) Marketing
11 2 (0.72%) Back Office
11 2 (0.72%) French Language
11 2 (0.72%) Military
11 2 (0.72%) Retail
12 1 (0.36%) Advertising
12 1 (0.36%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 45 (16.25%) Administrator
2 32 (11.55%) Developer
3 29 (10.47%) Systems Administrator
4 27 (9.75%) Linux Administrator
5 23 (8.30%) Linux Systems Administrator
6 22 (7.94%) Linux Engineer
7 20 (7.22%) Architect
8 14 (5.05%) Analyst
8 14 (5.05%) DevOps Engineer
8 14 (5.05%) Solutions Architect
9 13 (4.69%) Consultant
9 13 (4.69%) DBA
9 13 (4.69%) Systems Administration Leader
10 12 (4.33%) Support Engineer
11 11 (3.97%) Applications Support
11 11 (3.97%) Database Engineer
11 11 (3.97%) Oracle DBA
12 10 (3.61%) Security Engineer
12 10 (3.61%) Sybase DBA
13 9 (3.25%) Oracle Database Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (12.64%) SOAP
2 29 (10.47%) Web Services
3 25 (9.03%) Kafka
3 25 (9.03%) Middleware
4 23 (8.30%) XML
5 17 (6.14%) HTML
5 17 (6.14%) REST
6 15 (5.42%) Spring
7 14 (5.05%) Node.js
8 12 (4.33%) Apache NiFi
8 12 (4.33%) J2EE
8 12 (4.33%) JSON
9 11 (3.97%) AngularJS
9 11 (3.97%) LDAP
10 10 (3.61%) JMS
10 10 (3.61%) Oracle Fusion
11 9 (3.25%) jQuery
12 8 (2.89%) HTML5
12 8 (2.89%) React
12 8 (2.89%) Software Packaging
Miscellaneous
1 29 (10.47%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (7.94%) Linux Command Line
3 12 (4.33%) Management Information System
3 12 (4.33%) PKI
4 11 (3.97%) Data Centre
5 9 (3.25%) Cloud Native
5 9 (3.25%) Clustering
5 9 (3.25%) Enterprise Software
6 8 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (2.53%) Private Cloud
8 6 (2.17%) Derivative
8 6 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (2.17%) User Experience
9 5 (1.81%) Analytical Mindset
9 5 (1.81%) Hedge funds
9 5 (1.81%) Public Cloud
9 5 (1.81%) Robotics
10 4 (1.44%) Mainframe
11 3 (1.08%) Fixed Income
11 3 (1.08%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 157 (56.68%) Linux
2 94 (33.94%) Unix
3 73 (26.35%) Windows
4 60 (21.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 39 (14.08%) CentOS
6 19 (6.86%) Debian
7 13 (4.69%) Solaris
8 11 (3.97%) Ubuntu
8 11 (3.97%) Windows Server
9 8 (2.89%) Android
9 8 (2.89%) Apple iOS
10 5 (1.81%) Mac OS X
11 4 (1.44%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.72%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.72%) VMS
13 2 (0.72%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.36%) AIX
14 1 (0.36%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (28.88%) DevOps
2 67 (24.19%) Agile Software Development
3 45 (16.25%) Configuration Management
4 40 (14.44%) Test Automation
5 33 (11.91%) Scrum
6 32 (11.55%) Problem-Solving
7 30 (10.83%) Microservices
8 28 (10.11%) Migration
8 28 (10.11%) Open Source
9 23 (8.30%) ETL
10 21 (7.58%) Continuous Integration
10 21 (7.58%) TDD
11 20 (7.22%) Kanban
12 18 (6.50%) Cybersecurity
12 18 (6.50%) ITIL
13 17 (6.14%) Performance Tuning
14 16 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
14 16 (5.78%) Incident Management
14 16 (5.78%) Waterfall
15 15 (5.42%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 194 (70.04%) Python
2 101 (36.46%) Java
3 91 (32.85%) SQL
4 81 (29.24%) Bash Shell
5 60 (21.66%) Shell Script
6 40 (14.44%) PowerShell
6 40 (14.44%) Ruby
7 33 (11.91%) PL/SQL
8 32 (11.55%) JavaScript
9 28 (10.11%) C
10 24 (8.66%) PHP
11 23 (8.30%) C#
12 21 (7.58%) T-SQL
13 20 (7.22%) C++
14 17 (6.14%) Korn
15 12 (4.33%) Groovy
16 11 (3.97%) C-shell
17 6 (2.17%) Bourne shell
17 6 (2.17%) Scala
17 6 (2.17%) VBA
Qualifications
1 54 (19.49%) Security Cleared
2 38 (13.72%) SC Cleared
3 19 (6.86%) DV Cleared
4 12 (4.33%) Degree
5 10 (3.61%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (2.89%) Cisco Certification
7 7 (2.53%) DBS Check
8 6 (2.17%) CompTIA Security+
8 6 (2.17%) GCFA
9 5 (1.81%) CCNA
10 4 (1.44%) CCIE
10 4 (1.44%) RHCE
11 3 (1.08%) JNCIA
12 2 (0.72%) CCDP
12 2 (0.72%) CCIE Routing and Switching
12 2 (0.72%) CCIE Service Provider
12 2 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.72%) Network+ Certification
12 2 (0.72%) RHCSA
12 2 (0.72%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (7.58%) QA
2 9 (3.25%) SLA
3 2 (0.72%) Cyber Essentials
3 2 (0.72%) ISO 20022
3 2 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.36%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.36%) NIST
4 1 (0.36%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 61 (22.02%) Docker
2 29 (10.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (10.11%) Active Directory
4 16 (5.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 10 (3.61%) NFS
6 5 (1.81%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (1.44%) HDFS
7 4 (1.44%) KVM
7 4 (1.44%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (1.08%) RACF
8 3 (1.08%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 3 (1.08%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (1.08%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.72%) Varnish
9 2 (0.72%) Xen
10 1 (0.36%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.36%) Postfix
10 1 (0.36%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.36%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.36%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 60 (21.66%) Kubernetes
2 58 (20.94%) Ansible
3 55 (19.86%) Puppet
4 30 (10.83%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (5.05%) Netcool
5 14 (5.05%) Rundeck
5 14 (5.05%) Terraform
6 13 (4.69%) Salt
7 11 (3.97%) Netcool/OMNIbus
8 9 (3.25%) HP ALM
8 9 (3.25%) Netcool/Webtop
8 9 (3.25%) Prometheus
8 9 (3.25%) Tivoli
9 8 (2.89%) Nagios
10 7 (2.53%) Kibana
11 6 (2.17%) Data Guard
12 4 (1.44%) Grafana
12 4 (1.44%) Istio
12 4 (1.44%) logstash
12 4 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 86 (31.05%) Oracle
2 56 (20.22%) Red Hat
3 48 (17.33%) VMware
4 40 (14.44%) IBM
5 28 (10.11%) Sybase
6 21 (7.58%) Microsoft
7 19 (6.86%) Splunk
8 17 (6.14%) SaltStack
9 13 (4.69%) HP
10 12 (4.33%) Atlassian
10 12 (4.33%) Dell
10 12 (4.33%) Google
10 12 (4.33%) MuleSoft
11 11 (3.97%) Cloudera
11 11 (3.97%) EMC
12 10 (3.61%) Cisco
12 10 (3.61%) NetApp
13 9 (3.25%) Juniper
13 9 (3.25%) ServiceNow
14 8 (2.89%) WSO2