Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 378 241 307
Rank change year-on-year -137 +66 -80
Contract jobs citing Perl 423 276 691
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.64% 1.04% 0.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.60% 2.41% 2.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 276 178 409
10th Percentile £400 £275 £329
25th Percentile £438 £363 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £511 £471 £515
Median % change year-on-year +8.66% -8.64% +8.42%
75th Percentile £600 £584 £613
90th Percentile £675 £650 £703
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £510
% change year-on-year +11.11% -11.76% +7.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 10 17
10th Percentile £36.12 £31.23 £29.00
25th Percentile £37.25 £31.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate £41.11 £36.00 £46.67
Median % change year-on-year +14.20% -22.86% +13.14%
75th Percentile £51.25 £39.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £58.35 "
UK median hourly rate £41.11 £36.00 £45.84
% change year-on-year +14.20% -21.46% +14.59%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,467 11,439 32,928
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.76% 43.07% 42.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,277 8,112 23,367
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +5.05% +2.51% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £694 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +8.81% +1.58% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 392 223 576
10th Percentile £17.40 £12.63 £18.47
25th Percentile £25.44 £21.25 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.50 £37.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.33% -16.67% +6.51%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.54 £55.00 £55.50
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £37.71 £44.51
% change year-on-year +20.65% -15.27% +5.98%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -167 205 £538 +7.50% 66
South East -62 66 £450 +20.00% 28
Midlands -25 64 £500 +38.89% 6
West Midlands -16 62 £507 +40.83% 6
North of England -76 28 £475 +31.94% 22
North West -43 25 £475 +24.18% 15
East of England -40 20 £491 +9.78% 13
South West -49 7 £525 -19.23% 15
Yorkshire -58 3 £515 +87.19% 5
East Midlands -39 2 £420 -
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 304 (71.87%) Python
2 233 (55.08%) Java
3 222 (52.48%) Linux
4 182 (43.03%) Unix
5 162 (38.30%) SQL
6 150 (35.46%) Oracle
7 133 (31.44%) Social Skills
8 124 (29.31%) Bash Shell
9 122 (28.84%) AWS
10 117 (27.66%) Git (software)
11 112 (26.48%) Agile Software Development
12 110 (26.00%) Shell Script
13 103 (24.35%) Ansible
14 98 (23.17%) DevOps
14 98 (23.17%) Jenkins
15 90 (21.28%) Windows
16 88 (20.80%) Azure
17 85 (20.09%) MySQL
18 82 (19.39%) Finance
19 80 (18.91%) PHP
20 79 (18.68%) Configuration Management
21 76 (17.97%) JIRA
22 75 (17.73%) Problem-Solving
23 73 (17.26%) Software Engineering
23 73 (17.26%) Red Hat
24 71 (16.78%) Ruby
25 67 (15.84%) PL/SQL
26 66 (15.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 64 (15.13%) Scrum
28 63 (14.89%) JavaScript

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (9.93%) Confluence
2 32 (7.57%) WebLogic
3 27 (6.38%) SAS
4 20 (4.73%) Apache
5 19 (4.49%) Tomcat
6 17 (4.02%) Apache Spark
7 12 (2.84%) OpenStack
8 8 (1.89%) SharePoint
9 7 (1.65%) Apache Pig
10 5 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (0.95%) JBoss
11 4 (0.95%) nginx
11 4 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.71%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.71%) WebSphere Application Server
13 2 (0.47%) Apache Solr
13 2 (0.47%) IBM Domino
14 1 (0.24%) CICS
14 1 (0.24%) CMS
Applications
1 26 (6.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (1.42%) BusinessWorks
2 4 (0.95%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.47%) Magento
3 2 (0.47%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.47%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.24%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.24%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 122 (28.84%) AWS
2 88 (20.80%) Azure
3 27 (6.38%) GCP
4 21 (4.96%) GitHub
5 20 (4.73%) SaaS
6 17 (4.02%) Amazon EKS
7 15 (3.55%) PaaS
8 14 (3.31%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (3.31%) IaaS
9 12 (2.84%) Azure Active Directory
9 12 (2.84%) Serverless
10 11 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
11 9 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
12 8 (1.89%) Amazon ELB
12 8 (1.89%) OpenShift
13 7 (1.65%) Amazon S3
14 6 (1.42%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 6 (1.42%) Azure Data Factory
14 6 (1.42%) Azure Functions
14 6 (1.42%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 31 (7.33%) TCP/IP
2 29 (6.86%) DNS
3 26 (6.15%) SAN
4 23 (5.44%) HTTP
5 14 (3.31%) Internet
5 14 (3.31%) SNMP
6 12 (2.84%) Network Security
7 10 (2.36%) Firewall
7 10 (2.36%) SSH
8 9 (2.13%) LAN
9 8 (1.89%) WAN
10 7 (1.65%) BGP
10 7 (1.65%) IPv4
10 7 (1.65%) OSPF
10 7 (1.65%) SMTP
10 7 (1.65%) VPN
11 6 (1.42%) Kerberos
11 6 (1.42%) TACACS
12 5 (1.18%) DHCP
12 5 (1.18%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (20.09%) MySQL
2 42 (9.93%) Relational Database
3 36 (8.51%) SQL Server
4 33 (7.80%) Hadoop
5 31 (7.33%) HBase
6 26 (6.15%) PostgreSQL
7 25 (5.91%) Data Warehouse
8 23 (5.44%) Apache Hive
8 23 (5.44%) Oracle Database
9 22 (5.20%) Pentaho
10 17 (4.02%) RDBMS
11 14 (3.31%) MongoDB
12 13 (3.07%) Apache Cassandra
13 11 (2.60%) Data Mart
14 10 (2.36%) DB2
15 9 (2.13%) Flink
15 9 (2.13%) NoSQL
16 8 (1.89%) Big Data
17 7 (1.65%) Azure SQL Database
17 7 (1.65%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 117 (27.66%) Git (software)
2 98 (23.17%) Jenkins
3 76 (17.97%) JIRA
4 47 (11.11%) Bitbucket
5 24 (5.67%) CA Gen
6 22 (5.20%) Subversion
7 21 (4.96%) Maven
8 17 (4.02%) Artifactory
8 17 (4.02%) Sonatype Nexus
9 16 (3.78%) GitLab
10 13 (3.07%) Eclipse
11 11 (2.60%) Selenium
11 11 (2.60%) TeamCity
12 10 (2.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 9 (2.13%) Burp Suite
13 9 (2.13%) Metasploit
13 9 (2.13%) SonarQube
14 8 (1.89%) Visual Studio
15 7 (1.65%) Ant
15 7 (1.65%) JMeter
General
1 133 (31.44%) Social Skills
2 82 (19.39%) Finance
3 52 (12.29%) Analytical Skills
4 41 (9.69%) Public Sector
5 33 (7.80%) Banking
6 23 (5.44%) Front Office
7 22 (5.20%) Telecoms
8 16 (3.78%) Electronics
9 14 (3.31%) Manufacturing
10 13 (3.07%) Investment Banking
10 13 (3.07%) Marketing
11 11 (2.60%) Retail
12 9 (2.13%) Back Office
13 8 (1.89%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (1.42%) Financial Institution
15 5 (1.18%) Legal
16 4 (0.95%) German Language
16 4 (0.95%) Law
16 4 (0.95%) Presentation Skills
16 4 (0.95%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 104 (24.59%) Developer
2 51 (12.06%) DevOps Engineer
3 44 (10.40%) Administrator
4 36 (8.51%) Software Engineer
5 28 (6.62%) Systems Administrator
6 24 (5.67%) Linux Administrator
7 21 (4.96%) Java Developer
8 17 (4.02%) Analyst
8 17 (4.02%) Architect
8 17 (4.02%) Consultant
9 16 (3.78%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 13 (3.07%) Cloud Engineer
10 13 (3.07%) Senior DevOps
10 13 (3.07%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 12 (2.84%) PHP Developer
12 11 (2.60%) Data Engineer
12 11 (2.60%) Murex Developer
12 11 (2.60%) Python Developer
12 11 (2.60%) Security Engineer
13 10 (2.36%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.75%) Kafka
2 35 (8.27%) J2EE
3 34 (8.04%) Web Services
4 27 (6.38%) LDAP
5 26 (6.15%) Elastic Stack
6 24 (5.67%) Spring
7 23 (5.44%) XML
8 21 (4.96%) .NET
9 20 (4.73%) REST
10 19 (4.49%) HTML
10 19 (4.49%) RESTful
11 18 (4.26%) Middleware
11 18 (4.26%) Node.js
11 18 (4.26%) SOAP
12 16 (3.78%) AngularJS
13 14 (3.31%) JSON
14 13 (3.07%) Spring Boot
15 10 (2.36%) React
16 9 (2.13%) CSS
16 9 (2.13%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 25 (5.91%) Data Centre
2 17 (4.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 16 (3.78%) Linux Command Line
4 15 (3.55%) Fixed Income
4 15 (3.55%) Mobile App
5 13 (3.07%) Cloud Native
5 13 (3.07%) Derivative
5 13 (3.07%) Management Information System
6 11 (2.60%) Clustering
6 11 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
7 9 (2.13%) Data Protection Act
7 9 (2.13%) Equities
7 9 (2.13%) Replication
8 8 (1.89%) Public Cloud
9 7 (1.65%) Algorithms
9 7 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
9 7 (1.65%) Legacy Applications
9 7 (1.65%) User Experience
10 6 (1.42%) PKI
10 6 (1.42%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 222 (52.48%) Linux
2 182 (43.03%) Unix
3 90 (21.28%) Windows
4 66 (15.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (6.15%) Solaris
6 20 (4.73%) Ubuntu
7 15 (3.55%) CentOS
8 10 (2.36%) AIX
9 9 (2.13%) Windows Server
10 7 (1.65%) Apple iOS
10 7 (1.65%) SUSE
11 6 (1.42%) Android
11 6 (1.42%) Debian
12 5 (1.18%) VMS
13 4 (0.95%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
15 1 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.24%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 112 (26.48%) Agile Software Development
2 98 (23.17%) DevOps
3 79 (18.68%) Configuration Management
4 75 (17.73%) Problem-Solving
5 73 (17.26%) Software Engineering
6 64 (15.13%) Scrum
7 63 (14.89%) Analytics
8 53 (12.53%) Business Intelligence
9 52 (12.29%) Microservices
10 50 (11.82%) Computer Science
11 49 (11.58%) Process Improvement
12 47 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
12 47 (11.11%) Test Strategy
13 40 (9.46%) Migration
13 40 (9.46%) OO
14 37 (8.75%) Problem Management
15 36 (8.51%) Data Modelling
16 33 (7.80%) Waterfall
17 32 (7.57%) Requirements Gathering
18 31 (7.33%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 304 (71.87%) Python
2 233 (55.08%) Java
3 162 (38.30%) SQL
4 124 (29.31%) Bash Shell
5 110 (26.00%) Shell Script
6 80 (18.91%) PHP
7 71 (16.78%) Ruby
8 67 (15.84%) PL/SQL
9 63 (14.89%) JavaScript
10 61 (14.42%) C#
11 54 (12.77%) C++
11 54 (12.77%) PowerShell
12 40 (9.46%) C
13 29 (6.86%) R
14 28 (6.62%) Scala
15 26 (6.15%) Go
16 23 (5.44%) VBA
17 22 (5.20%) HiveQL
18 20 (4.73%) COBOL
19 14 (3.31%) AWK
Qualifications
1 58 (13.71%) Degree
2 52 (12.29%) Security Cleared
3 44 (10.40%) SC Cleared
4 33 (7.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (2.36%) CREST Certified
6 9 (2.13%) SANS
7 8 (1.89%) RHCE
8 6 (1.42%) CISSP
8 6 (1.42%) PhD
9 5 (1.18%) LPIC
9 5 (1.18%) RHCT
10 3 (0.71%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.71%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.47%) CCIE
11 2 (0.47%) CCIE Routing and Switching
11 2 (0.47%) CCIE Service Provider
11 2 (0.47%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.47%) OSCP
11 2 (0.47%) RHCSA
11 2 (0.47%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.78%) QA
2 8 (1.89%) Data Quality
2 8 (1.89%) NCSC
2 8 (1.89%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 6 (1.42%) GDPR
4 4 (0.95%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.47%) SLA
6 1 (0.24%) Accessibility
6 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.24%) JTAG
6 1 (0.24%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.24%) SOC 1
6 1 (0.24%) SOC 2
System Software
1 55 (13.00%) Docker
2 31 (7.33%) Active Directory
2 31 (7.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (5.44%) HDFS
4 8 (1.89%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (1.42%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (1.18%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (1.18%) Veritas File System
6 5 (1.18%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 4 (0.95%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.95%) NFS
7 4 (0.95%) RACF
7 4 (0.95%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 4 (0.95%) Xen
8 3 (0.71%) KVM
8 3 (0.71%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.47%) Firmware
9 2 (0.47%) GlusterFS
9 2 (0.47%) iptables
9 2 (0.47%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 103 (24.35%) Ansible
2 63 (14.89%) Terraform
3 60 (14.18%) Kubernetes
4 38 (8.98%) Puppet
5 23 (5.44%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (3.78%) Kibana
7 15 (3.55%) logstash
8 14 (3.31%) Grafana
9 13 (3.07%) Rancher
9 13 (3.07%) Tivoli
10 12 (2.84%) Packer
11 11 (2.60%) BladeLogic
11 11 (2.60%) Fluentd
11 11 (2.60%) Prometheus
12 10 (2.36%) Istio
13 9 (2.13%) Consul
13 9 (2.13%) Nessus
14 8 (1.89%) Control-M
15 7 (1.65%) HP ALM
15 7 (1.65%) QRadar
Vendors
1 150 (35.46%) Oracle
2 73 (17.26%) Red Hat
3 59 (13.95%) VMware
4 36 (8.51%) HP
5 34 (8.04%) Sybase
6 32 (7.57%) Informatica
7 30 (7.09%) Splunk
8 28 (6.62%) BEA
8 28 (6.62%) webMethods
9 25 (5.91%) Microsoft
9 25 (5.91%) Pega
10 24 (5.67%) IBM
10 24 (5.67%) Talend
11 23 (5.44%) SAP
12 18 (4.26%) Google
13 16 (3.78%) BMC
13 16 (3.78%) Dell
14 14 (3.31%) AppDynamics
15 13 (3.07%) 3PAR
15 13 (3.07%) TIBCO