Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 333 315 279
Rank change year-on-year -18 -36 -79
Contract jobs citing Perl 294 356 872
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.76% 1.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.62% 1.87% 2.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 197 236 535
10th Percentile £350 £348 £325
25th Percentile £383 £413 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £500 £520
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% -3.85% +4.52%
75th Percentile £525 £545 £588
90th Percentile £600 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £497 £511
% change year-on-year -4.47% -2.74% +4.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 9 24
10th Percentile " £28.90 £16.18
25th Percentile £22.50 £31.50 £36.63
Median hourly rate £25.00 £33.00 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year -24.24% -26.53% +12.29%
75th Percentile £27.50 £57.50 £51.19
90th Percentile " £64.20 £56.75
UK median hourly rate £45.75 £36.00 £44.92
% change year-on-year +27.08% -19.85% +12.29%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,131 19,055 36,732
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.99% 40.93% 43.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,933 13,570 26,132
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £669 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 323 572
10th Percentile £18.25 £17.22 £18.00
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.57 £31.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%
75th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.90 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year - -1.16% +7.50%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -21 129 £494 -1.20% 51
Midlands +55 44 £405 -6.90% 12
West Midlands +34 38 £405 -7.43% 5
South East -21 34 £400 -15.79% 34
North of England +20 29 £425 -19.05% 21
North West +10 20 £426 -18.95% 12
East of England +20 11 £500 +8.11% 14
South West +32 9 £475 -26.92% 5
East Midlands +21 6 £400 -3.61% 7
Yorkshire +13 5 £425 -11.46% 7
North East +20 4 £362 -0.14% 2
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 169 (57.48%) Python
2 136 (46.26%) Linux
3 125 (42.52%) Unix
4 115 (39.12%) SQL
5 108 (36.73%) Oracle
6 102 (34.69%) Java
7 94 (31.97%) DevOps
8 80 (27.21%) Jenkins
8 80 (27.21%) Shell Script
9 79 (26.87%) Social Skills
10 74 (25.17%) Git (software)
11 72 (24.49%) Bash Shell
12 70 (23.81%) AWS
13 69 (23.47%) Finance
14 65 (22.11%) Business Intelligence
15 64 (21.77%) Azure
16 63 (21.43%) Configuration Management
16 63 (21.43%) Ansible
17 61 (20.75%) Windows
18 60 (20.41%) PL/SQL
18 60 (20.41%) Agile Software Development
19 55 (18.71%) Security Cleared
20 53 (18.03%) JIRA
21 52 (17.69%) Scrum
22 51 (17.35%) Red Hat
22 51 (17.35%) SC Cleared
23 50 (17.01%) PowerShell
24 49 (16.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
24 49 (16.67%) Software Engineering
25 48 (16.33%) Docker

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (13.27%) WebLogic
2 18 (6.12%) Apache
2 18 (6.12%) Confluence
3 13 (4.42%) Tomcat
4 11 (3.74%) JBoss
5 9 (3.06%) IIS
5 9 (3.06%) SAS
5 9 (3.06%) SharePoint
6 7 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (2.04%) OpenStack
7 6 (2.04%) WebSphere
7 6 (2.04%) WebSphere Application Server
8 3 (1.02%) Apache Solr
8 3 (1.02%) Mailman
8 3 (1.02%) nginx
8 3 (1.02%) Oracle HTTP Server
8 3 (1.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.68%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.68%) CMS
9 2 (0.68%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 5 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (3.40%) Summit
2 4 (1.36%) Magento
3 3 (1.02%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (1.02%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.34%) FastStats
4 1 (0.34%) FastStats PeopleStage
4 1 (0.34%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.34%) RMDS
4 1 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.34%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 70 (23.81%) AWS
2 64 (21.77%) Azure
3 26 (8.84%) GitHub
4 25 (8.50%) Amazon EKS
5 20 (6.80%) GCP
6 18 (6.12%) PaaS
7 12 (4.08%) IaaS
7 12 (4.08%) SaaS
8 7 (2.38%) Microsoft 365
8 7 (2.38%) OpenShift
8 7 (2.38%) Serverless
9 6 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (1.70%) Amazon ELB
11 4 (1.36%) Azure Data Factory
12 3 (1.02%) Attraqt
12 3 (1.02%) Azure Active Directory
12 3 (1.02%) OneDrive
12 3 (1.02%) Power Platform
12 3 (1.02%) SpeedCurve
13 2 (0.68%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 26 (8.84%) TCP/IP
2 24 (8.16%) DNS
3 13 (4.42%) HTTP
3 13 (4.42%) SAN
4 12 (4.08%) Firewall
5 11 (3.74%) DHCP
5 11 (3.74%) SSL
6 9 (3.06%) Internet
7 7 (2.38%) FTP
7 7 (2.38%) NAS
7 7 (2.38%) WAN
8 6 (2.04%) Network Security
8 6 (2.04%) SMTP
8 6 (2.04%) VPN
8 6 (2.04%) Wireshark
9 5 (1.70%) IMAP
9 5 (1.70%) Kerberos
9 5 (1.70%) SD-WAN
9 5 (1.70%) SNMP
9 5 (1.70%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (9.86%) MySQL
2 25 (8.50%) Relational Database
3 22 (7.48%) SQL Server
4 19 (6.46%) Oracle Database
5 15 (5.10%) MongoDB
6 12 (4.08%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (2.72%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (2.72%) RDBMS
8 6 (2.04%) Big Data
8 6 (2.04%) Oracle Database 11g
8 6 (2.04%) Oracle Database 12c
9 4 (1.36%) Hadoop
9 4 (1.36%) MS Access
9 4 (1.36%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (1.36%) SQL Server 2008
9 4 (1.36%) SQL Server 2012
9 4 (1.36%) SQL Server 2014
9 4 (1.36%) SQL Server 2016
9 4 (1.36%) SQL Server 2017
9 4 (1.36%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 80 (27.21%) Jenkins
2 74 (25.17%) Git (software)
3 53 (18.03%) JIRA
4 38 (12.93%) CA Gen
5 27 (9.18%) GitLab
6 22 (7.48%) Bitbucket
7 21 (7.14%) Artifactory
7 21 (7.14%) Subversion
8 19 (6.46%) TeamCity
9 12 (4.08%) Maven
9 12 (4.08%) Visual Studio
10 11 (3.74%) Sonatype Nexus
11 10 (3.40%) SonarQube
12 9 (3.06%) Bitbucket Server
13 8 (2.72%) Eclipse
13 8 (2.72%) JMeter
14 6 (2.04%) CA Release Automation
14 6 (2.04%) Gradle
15 5 (1.70%) Gerrit
15 5 (1.70%) Selenium
General
1 79 (26.87%) Social Skills
2 69 (23.47%) Finance
3 47 (15.99%) Public Sector
4 37 (12.59%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (10.54%) Banking
5 31 (10.54%) Telecoms
6 28 (9.52%) Electronics
7 27 (9.18%) Manufacturing
7 27 (9.18%) Marketing
8 10 (3.40%) Front Office
8 10 (3.40%) Investment Banking
9 7 (2.38%) Retail
10 6 (2.04%) French Language
11 5 (1.70%) Financial Institution
12 3 (1.02%) Billing
12 3 (1.02%) International Banking
12 3 (1.02%) Publishing
13 2 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
13 2 (0.68%) Prime Brokerage
13 2 (0.68%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 50 (17.01%) Developer
1 50 (17.01%) DevOps Engineer
2 24 (8.16%) Software Engineer
3 20 (6.80%) Administrator
4 18 (6.12%) Consultant
5 15 (5.10%) C Programmer
5 15 (5.10%) Programmer
6 12 (4.08%) Automation Engineer
6 12 (4.08%) Linux Administrator
6 12 (4.08%) Linux Engineer
6 12 (4.08%) Senior DevOps
6 12 (4.08%) Systems Administrator
7 11 (3.74%) Analyst
7 11 (3.74%) Cloud Engineer
7 11 (3.74%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 10 (3.40%) C++ Developer
8 10 (3.40%) Perl Developer
8 10 (3.40%) Security Engineer
8 10 (3.40%) Summit Developer
9 9 (3.06%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (14.63%) J2EE
2 32 (10.88%) Kafka
3 30 (10.20%) Elastic Stack
4 20 (6.80%) Web Services
5 19 (6.46%) LDAP
6 13 (4.42%) REST
7 12 (4.08%) Middleware
8 10 (3.40%) SOAP
8 10 (3.40%) XML
9 9 (3.06%) JSON
9 9 (3.06%) LAMP
10 8 (2.72%) HTML
10 8 (2.72%) Spring Boot
11 7 (2.38%) .NET
11 7 (2.38%) RESTful
11 7 (2.38%) YAML
12 5 (1.70%) Swagger
13 4 (1.36%) Spring
14 3 (1.02%) Ajax
14 3 (1.02%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 15 (5.10%) Derivative
2 12 (4.08%) Fixed Income
3 11 (3.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 10 (3.40%) Equities
4 10 (3.40%) Linux Command Line
5 9 (3.06%) Data Centre
5 9 (3.06%) Self-Motivation
6 8 (2.72%) Replication
7 6 (2.04%) Clustering
8 5 (1.70%) Public Cloud
9 4 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
10 3 (1.02%) Blog
10 3 (1.02%) Embedded Systems
10 3 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (1.02%) FMCG
10 3 (1.02%) Management Information System
10 3 (1.02%) Wiki
11 2 (0.68%) DataPower
11 2 (0.68%) Device Driver
11 2 (0.68%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 136 (46.26%) Linux
2 125 (42.52%) Unix
3 61 (20.75%) Windows
4 49 (16.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (6.80%) Solaris
6 14 (4.76%) CentOS
7 9 (3.06%) AIX
8 7 (2.38%) SUSE
8 7 (2.38%) VMS
9 6 (2.04%) Windows Server
10 4 (1.36%) Ubuntu
11 3 (1.02%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 3 (1.02%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.68%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.68%) HPUX
13 1 (0.34%) Android
13 1 (0.34%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.34%) Debian
13 1 (0.34%) FreeBSD
13 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (31.97%) DevOps
2 65 (22.11%) Business Intelligence
3 63 (21.43%) Configuration Management
4 60 (20.41%) Agile Software Development
5 52 (17.69%) Scrum
6 49 (16.67%) Software Engineering
7 44 (14.97%) Test Strategy
8 41 (13.95%) Microservices
8 41 (13.95%) Process Improvement
8 41 (13.95%) Waterfall
9 40 (13.61%) Migration
9 40 (13.61%) OO
10 38 (12.93%) Data Modelling
11 37 (12.59%) Problem Management
12 36 (12.24%) RUP
13 34 (11.56%) Problem-Solving
14 32 (10.88%) Infrastructure as Code
15 31 (10.54%) Continuous Integration
16 27 (9.18%) Digital Marketing
17 26 (8.84%) Programme Management
Programming Languages
1 169 (57.48%) Python
2 115 (39.12%) SQL
3 102 (34.69%) Java
4 80 (27.21%) Shell Script
5 72 (24.49%) Bash Shell
6 60 (20.41%) PL/SQL
7 50 (17.01%) PowerShell
8 39 (13.27%) COBOL
9 35 (11.90%) C#
10 30 (10.20%) C
11 29 (9.86%) PHP
12 26 (8.84%) C++
13 24 (8.16%) Ruby
14 18 (6.12%) JavaScript
15 15 (5.10%) Groovy
16 13 (4.42%) AWK
17 7 (2.38%) VB
18 6 (2.04%) Go
18 6 (2.04%) Korn
18 6 (2.04%) VBA
Qualifications
1 55 (18.71%) Security Cleared
2 51 (17.35%) SC Cleared
3 30 (10.20%) Degree
4 16 (5.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.36%) RHCE
6 3 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (1.02%) RHCSA
7 2 (0.68%) CCNA
7 2 (0.68%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.68%) HNC
7 2 (0.68%) HND
7 2 (0.68%) ISEB
8 1 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.34%) CCIE
8 1 (0.34%) CCIE Routing and Switching
8 1 (0.34%) CCIE Service Provider
8 1 (0.34%) CompTIA Security+
8 1 (0.34%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.34%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.34%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (2.04%) QA
2 4 (1.36%) GDPR
3 3 (1.02%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.34%) GRC
4 1 (0.34%) PMO
4 1 (0.34%) SLA
System Software
1 48 (16.33%) Docker
2 23 (7.82%) Active Directory
3 20 (6.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (2.38%) Oracle RAC
4 7 (2.38%) Veritas File System
5 6 (2.04%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 6 (2.04%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 6 (2.04%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (1.70%) Hyper-V
6 5 (1.70%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (1.36%) Firmware
7 4 (1.36%) GlusterFS
7 4 (1.36%) KVM
7 4 (1.36%) NFS
7 4 (1.36%) ProxySG
7 4 (1.36%) Snort
7 4 (1.36%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 3 (1.02%) HDFS
9 2 (0.68%) GPFS
9 2 (0.68%) OCFS2
Systems Management
1 63 (21.43%) Ansible
2 46 (15.65%) Kubernetes
3 29 (9.86%) Terraform
4 28 (9.52%) Kibana
5 27 (9.18%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (8.84%) Rancher
7 25 (8.50%) Grafana
7 25 (8.50%) Puppet
8 24 (8.16%) Prometheus
9 23 (7.82%) Istio
10 22 (7.48%) logstash
11 21 (7.14%) Consul
11 21 (7.14%) Fluentd
12 12 (4.08%) Netcool
13 11 (3.74%) Tivoli
14 10 (3.40%) SCOM
15 9 (3.06%) BladeLogic
15 9 (3.06%) Red Hat Satellite
16 8 (2.72%) NetBackup
17 5 (1.70%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 108 (36.73%) Oracle
2 51 (17.35%) Red Hat
3 40 (13.61%) Splunk
4 39 (13.27%) Pega
5 38 (12.93%) BEA
5 38 (12.93%) webMethods
6 35 (11.90%) SAP
7 31 (10.54%) AppDynamics
8 27 (9.18%) Google
9 26 (8.84%) VMware
10 21 (7.14%) IBM
11 20 (6.80%) HP
12 19 (6.46%) Microsoft
13 16 (5.44%) ServiceNow
14 14 (4.76%) BMC
15 11 (3.74%) EMC
15 11 (3.74%) SaltStack
16 9 (3.06%) Atlassian
16 9 (3.06%) Sybase
17 8 (2.72%) Micro Focus