Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 411 253 326
Rank change year-on-year -158 +73 -85
Contract jobs citing Perl 372 336 517
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.54% 1.01% 0.78%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.39% 2.41% 1.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 242 209 303
10th Percentile £375 £285 £313
25th Percentile £463 £363 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £450 £500
Median % change year-on-year +19.44% -10.00% -
75th Percentile £622 £587 £575
90th Percentile £688 £625 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +16.67% -10.00% +0.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 8 20
10th Percentile £36.35 £31.18 £24.58
25th Percentile £37.25 £31.25 £31.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £33.75 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +25.93% -15.63% -8.57%
75th Percentile £43.75 £39.00 £45.94
90th Percentile £48.25 £44.55 £55.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £33.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +25.93% -15.63% -5.88%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,802 13,947 27,287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 38.87% 42.10% 41.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,813 9,912 19,319
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £443 £388 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £483 £488
Median % change year-on-year +13.99% -1.03% +2.63%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £535 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +12.63% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 387 331 493
10th Percentile £19.52 £13.00 £16.50
25th Percentile £32.75 £23.88 £23.63
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -3.41% +3.53%
75th Percentile £60.75 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £71.50 £58.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +15.29% -2.30% +3.11%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -146 207 £538 +8.59% 61
South East -50 54 £450 +20.00% 24
Midlands -57 41 £530 +46.41% 5
West Midlands -51 39 £540 +49.17% 3
North of England -74 25 £500 +17.51% 19
North West -39 22 £475 +7.95% 15
East of England -49 19 £525 +16.67% 9
Yorkshire -48 3 £500 +48.15% 4
South West -51 3 £500 +53.85% 9
East Midlands -36 2 £360 -10.13% 2
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 282 (75.81%) Python
2 215 (57.80%) Linux
3 176 (47.31%) Java
4 145 (38.98%) Unix
5 120 (32.26%) Bash
6 118 (31.72%) SQL
6 118 (31.72%) Oracle
7 109 (29.30%) AWS
8 104 (27.96%) Social Skills
9 98 (26.34%) Windows
10 86 (23.12%) Shell Script
11 83 (22.31%) Finance
11 83 (22.31%) Agile Software Development
12 78 (20.97%) Ansible
13 76 (20.43%) Azure
14 74 (19.89%) DevOps
15 70 (18.82%) Problem-Solving
15 70 (18.82%) Ruby
16 68 (18.28%) Git (software)
17 65 (17.47%) Jenkins
18 61 (16.40%) Software Engineering
19 60 (16.13%) PHP
20 57 (15.32%) C#
21 56 (15.05%) Migration
21 56 (15.05%) Terraform
22 55 (14.78%) Red Hat
23 53 (14.25%) Configuration Management
23 53 (14.25%) VMware
23 53 (14.25%) JIRA
23 53 (14.25%) Kubernetes

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (7.53%) Confluence
2 26 (6.99%) Apache
3 19 (5.11%) OpenStack
4 17 (4.57%) WebLogic
5 15 (4.03%) SAS
6 13 (3.49%) Tomcat
7 10 (2.69%) JBoss
8 7 (1.88%) Apache Spark
9 6 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (1.61%) IIS
9 6 (1.61%) nginx
10 5 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (1.08%) WebSphere
11 4 (1.08%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.81%) Apache Pig
13 2 (0.54%) Apache Solr
13 2 (0.54%) IBM Domino
13 2 (0.54%) SharePoint
14 1 (0.27%) Drupal
14 1 (0.27%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 23 (6.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.61%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (1.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.54%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (5.65%) BusinessWorks
2 4 (1.08%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.81%) SunGard Martini
4 2 (0.54%) Magento
4 2 (0.54%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.54%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.27%) IBM Planning Analytics
5 1 (0.27%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 109 (29.30%) AWS
2 76 (20.43%) Azure
3 27 (7.26%) GCP
4 13 (3.49%) Amazon EC2
4 13 (3.49%) SaaS
5 12 (3.23%) Cloud Computing
6 11 (2.96%) Serverless
7 10 (2.69%) Amazon ELB
7 10 (2.69%) Azure Active Directory
7 10 (2.69%) GitHub
7 10 (2.69%) PaaS
8 9 (2.42%) Amazon EKS
8 9 (2.42%) IaaS
8 9 (2.42%) OpenShift
9 8 (2.15%) AWS CloudFormation
10 6 (1.61%) Amazon S3
10 6 (1.61%) Microsoft 365
11 4 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 4 (1.08%) Apigee
12 3 (0.81%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 49 (13.17%) TCP/IP
2 25 (6.72%) DNS
3 20 (5.38%) HTTP
3 20 (5.38%) SAN
4 15 (4.03%) Firewall
4 15 (4.03%) Network Security
5 13 (3.49%) Internet
6 12 (3.23%) SNMP
7 9 (2.42%) BGP
7 9 (2.42%) DHCP
8 8 (2.15%) OSPF
8 8 (2.15%) Wireless
9 6 (1.61%) MPLS
9 6 (1.61%) VPN
10 5 (1.34%) 5G
10 5 (1.34%) Cisco IOS
10 5 (1.34%) IOS XR
10 5 (1.34%) NX-OS
10 5 (1.34%) SMTP
11 4 (1.08%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (12.37%) SQL Server
2 45 (12.10%) MySQL
3 35 (9.41%) Relational Database
4 20 (5.38%) Hadoop
5 19 (5.11%) HBase
6 17 (4.57%) Apache Hive
7 16 (4.30%) Oracle Database
8 15 (4.03%) Pentaho
9 14 (3.76%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (3.23%) PostgreSQL
10 12 (3.23%) RDBMS
11 11 (2.96%) DB2
12 8 (2.15%) MongoDB
13 7 (1.88%) Big Data
13 7 (1.88%) Data Mart
14 6 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
14 6 (1.61%) NoSQL
15 5 (1.34%) DTS
15 5 (1.34%) Oracle Reports
16 4 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 68 (18.28%) Git (software)
2 65 (17.47%) Jenkins
3 53 (14.25%) JIRA
4 25 (6.72%) Bitbucket
5 16 (4.30%) CA Gen
6 14 (3.76%) GitLab
7 13 (3.49%) Maven
8 12 (3.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 11 (2.96%) Artifactory
9 11 (2.96%) Sonatype Nexus
10 9 (2.42%) Visual Studio
11 8 (2.15%) Burp Suite
11 8 (2.15%) Metasploit
12 7 (1.88%) SonarQube
13 6 (1.61%) JMeter
13 6 (1.61%) Selenium
13 6 (1.61%) Subversion
13 6 (1.61%) TeamCity
14 4 (1.08%) LoadRunner
14 4 (1.08%) NeoLoad
General
1 104 (27.96%) Social Skills
2 83 (22.31%) Finance
3 39 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (9.14%) Banking
4 34 (9.14%) Front Office
5 25 (6.72%) Public Sector
6 20 (5.38%) Telecoms
7 18 (4.84%) Investment Banking
8 11 (2.96%) Retail
9 8 (2.15%) Electronics
10 7 (1.88%) Manufacturing
11 6 (1.61%) Back Office
11 6 (1.61%) Marketing
11 6 (1.61%) Organisational Skills
12 4 (1.08%) Financial Institution
12 4 (1.08%) International Banking
12 4 (1.08%) Legal
13 3 (0.81%) Avionics
13 3 (0.81%) Publishing
14 2 (0.54%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 67 (18.01%) Developer
2 34 (9.14%) Software Engineer
3 32 (8.60%) DevOps Engineer
4 29 (7.80%) Administrator
5 24 (6.45%) Analyst
6 21 (5.65%) Architect
7 20 (5.38%) SQL Analyst
7 20 (5.38%) Support Analyst
8 19 (5.11%) Consultant
8 19 (5.11%) SQL Support Analyst
9 18 (4.84%) Systems Administrator
10 16 (4.30%) Linux Administrator
11 14 (3.76%) Security Engineer
12 13 (3.49%) Senior DevOps
12 13 (3.49%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 12 (3.23%) Electronic Trading Support
13 12 (3.23%) Java Developer
13 12 (3.23%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 10 (2.69%) Cloud Engineer
14 10 (2.69%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (8.06%) Middleware
2 28 (7.53%) .NET
3 24 (6.45%) REST
3 24 (6.45%) XML
4 23 (6.18%) J2EE
5 22 (5.91%) Spring
6 21 (5.65%) Kafka
6 21 (5.65%) Node.js
6 21 (5.65%) Rendezvous
7 20 (5.38%) Web Services
8 19 (5.11%) Elastic Stack
9 18 (4.84%) LDAP
9 18 (4.84%) RESTful
10 14 (3.76%) SOAP
10 14 (3.76%) Spring Boot
11 11 (2.96%) CSS
11 11 (2.96%) HTML
12 9 (2.42%) JSON
13 8 (2.15%) Ajax
13 8 (2.15%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 28 (7.53%) Data Centre
1 28 (7.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 25 (6.72%) Derivative
3 19 (5.11%) Public Cloud
4 15 (4.03%) Cloud Native
5 14 (3.76%) Clustering
6 13 (3.49%) Mobile App
6 13 (3.49%) Private Cloud
7 12 (3.23%) Management Information System
8 11 (2.96%) Fixed Income
9 10 (2.69%) Hybrid Cloud
9 10 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (1.88%) Equities
11 6 (1.61%) PKI
11 6 (1.61%) Virtual Team
12 5 (1.34%) Algorithms
12 5 (1.34%) Mainframe
12 5 (1.34%) Replication
13 4 (1.08%) CMDB
13 4 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 215 (57.80%) Linux
2 145 (38.98%) Unix
3 98 (26.34%) Windows
4 50 (13.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 18 (4.84%) Solaris
5 18 (4.84%) Ubuntu
6 12 (3.23%) CentOS
7 11 (2.96%) AIX
8 8 (2.15%) Windows Server
9 7 (1.88%) SUSE
9 7 (1.88%) VMS
10 3 (0.81%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.81%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.81%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.54%) Android
11 2 (0.54%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.54%) Kali Linux
11 2 (0.54%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 1 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.27%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 83 (22.31%) Agile Software Development
2 74 (19.89%) DevOps
3 70 (18.82%) Problem-Solving
4 61 (16.40%) Software Engineering
5 56 (15.05%) Migration
6 53 (14.25%) Configuration Management
7 47 (12.63%) Microservices
8 44 (11.83%) Problem Management
9 41 (11.02%) Computer Science
9 41 (11.02%) ITIL
10 39 (10.48%) Scrum
11 38 (10.22%) Analytics
12 34 (9.14%) Continuous Integration
13 33 (8.87%) Process Improvement
14 31 (8.33%) Release Management
15 28 (7.53%) Business Intelligence
15 28 (7.53%) Test Strategy
16 27 (7.26%) E-Commerce
16 27 (7.26%) OO
17 26 (6.99%) Requirements Gathering
Programming Languages
1 282 (75.81%) Python
2 176 (47.31%) Java
3 120 (32.26%) Bash
4 118 (31.72%) SQL
5 86 (23.12%) Shell Script
6 70 (18.82%) Ruby
7 60 (16.13%) PHP
8 57 (15.32%) C#
9 44 (11.83%) JavaScript
10 43 (11.56%) PowerShell
11 42 (11.29%) C++
12 35 (9.41%) PL/SQL
13 27 (7.26%) C
14 20 (5.38%) Go
14 20 (5.38%) R
15 19 (5.11%) Scala
16 16 (4.30%) VBA
17 15 (4.03%) COBOL
17 15 (4.03%) HiveQL
18 11 (2.96%) VB
Qualifications
1 42 (11.29%) Degree
2 31 (8.33%) Security Cleared
3 29 (7.80%) SC Cleared
4 25 (6.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (3.23%) CREST Certified
6 11 (2.96%) Cisco Certification
7 10 (2.69%) SANS
8 8 (2.15%) CCIE
9 5 (1.34%) CCIE Routing and Switching
9 5 (1.34%) CCIE Service Provider
9 5 (1.34%) CCNP
9 5 (1.34%) PhD
9 5 (1.34%) RHCE
10 4 (1.08%) CISSP
11 3 (0.81%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.81%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 3 (0.81%) LPIC
11 3 (0.81%) RHCT
12 2 (0.54%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (3.76%) QA
2 10 (2.69%) NCSC
3 5 (1.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 4 (1.08%) Data Quality
4 4 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 3 (0.81%) NIST
5 3 (0.81%) PMO
6 2 (0.54%) GDPR
6 2 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.54%) SLA
7 1 (0.27%) GPG13
7 1 (0.27%) JTAG
7 1 (0.27%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.27%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.27%) SOC 2
System Software
1 43 (11.56%) Docker
2 30 (8.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (6.18%) Active Directory
4 17 (4.57%) HDFS
5 11 (2.96%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (2.15%) vSphere
7 5 (1.34%) NFS
8 4 (1.08%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 3 (0.81%) FreeRADIUS
9 3 (0.81%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.81%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.81%) Xen
10 2 (0.54%) KVM
10 2 (0.54%) RHEV
10 2 (0.54%) vCloud
10 2 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.54%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.27%) GPFS
11 1 (0.27%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 78 (20.97%) Ansible
2 56 (15.05%) Terraform
3 53 (14.25%) Kubernetes
4 36 (9.68%) Puppet
5 23 (6.18%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (5.91%) BladeLogic
7 16 (4.30%) Packer
8 14 (3.76%) Nessus
9 12 (3.23%) Kibana
10 11 (2.96%) Istio
10 11 (2.96%) logstash
11 10 (2.69%) Consul
12 9 (2.42%) Grafana
12 9 (2.42%) Prometheus
12 9 (2.42%) Tivoli
13 7 (1.88%) Fluentd
14 6 (1.61%) Nagios
14 6 (1.61%) QRadar
14 6 (1.61%) Rancher
14 6 (1.61%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 118 (31.72%) Oracle
2 55 (14.78%) Red Hat
3 53 (14.25%) VMware
4 39 (10.48%) Microsoft
5 35 (9.41%) Sybase
6 28 (7.53%) BMC
7 23 (6.18%) TIBCO
8 22 (5.91%) Splunk
9 20 (5.38%) IBM
9 20 (5.38%) Informatica
10 19 (5.11%) HP
11 17 (4.57%) BEA
11 17 (4.57%) Pega
11 17 (4.57%) webMethods
12 16 (4.30%) Google
13 15 (4.03%) AppDynamics
13 15 (4.03%) Talend
14 14 (3.76%) Cisco
15 13 (3.49%) F5
16 12 (3.23%) SAP