Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 281 318 243
Rank change year-on-year +37 -75 -32
Contract jobs citing Perl 344 457 1,023
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.89% 0.76% 1.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.13% 1.85% 2.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 273 282 673
Median daily rate £454 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.20% - -
10th Percentile £341 £330 £316
90th Percentile £619 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £454 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -9.20% - +0.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 14 19
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -6.98% +7.50%
10th Percentile £26.88 £22.40 £13.95
90th Percentile £39.00 £56.75 £62.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.25 £43.00
% change year-on-year -13.04% -6.40% +7.50%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,152 24,751 39,585
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.78% 41.19% 44.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,394 17,575 28,355
Median daily rate £490 £490 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.03% +2.11%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £483 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +1.58% - +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 381 450 578
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £16.32 £17.00 £17.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £56.25 £52.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 153 £498 -2.93% 40
Midlands +80 51 £405 -4.71% 8
North of England +45 50 £425 -19.05% 17
West Midlands +68 44 £405 -4.71% 4
South East +15 34 £404 -15.00% 23
North West +38 32 £415 -20.95% 8
East of England +41 17 £450 -5.26% 17
Yorkshire +27 14 £452 -9.60% 7
South West +63 9 £600 +41.18% 5
East Midlands +31 7 £400 -3.61% 4
North East +20 4 £362 -0.14% 2
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 220 (63.95%) Python
2 179 (52.03%) Linux
3 125 (36.34%) Unix
4 119 (34.59%) Java
5 110 (31.98%) SQL
6 102 (29.65%) Oracle
7 99 (28.78%) Windows
8 98 (28.49%) Jenkins
9 94 (27.33%) Git (software)
10 89 (25.87%) DevOps
11 87 (25.29%) Bash Shell
12 81 (23.55%) AWS
13 77 (22.38%) Shell Script
14 76 (22.09%) Kubernetes
15 75 (21.80%) Ansible
16 74 (21.51%) Configuration Management
17 70 (20.35%) Business Intelligence
18 68 (19.77%) PL/SQL
18 68 (19.77%) Docker
19 67 (19.48%) Azure
20 65 (18.90%) Finance
20 65 (18.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
21 63 (18.31%) Agile Software Development
22 58 (16.86%) Red Hat
23 57 (16.57%) Public Sector
24 56 (16.28%) PowerShell
25 55 (15.99%) Security Cleared
26 53 (15.41%) Splunk
27 52 (15.12%) SC Cleared
27 52 (15.12%) Migration

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (12.50%) WebLogic
2 23 (6.69%) Tomcat
3 22 (6.40%) Apache
3 22 (6.40%) Confluence
4 21 (6.10%) Elasticsearch
5 20 (5.81%) JBoss
6 10 (2.91%) SharePoint
7 8 (2.33%) IIS
7 8 (2.33%) SAS
8 7 (2.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (1.74%) Mailman
9 6 (1.74%) nginx
10 5 (1.45%) WebSphere
10 5 (1.45%) WebSphere Application Server
11 4 (1.16%) OpenStack
11 4 (1.16%) Oracle Service Bus
12 3 (0.87%) Apache Spark
12 3 (0.87%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 2 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
13 2 (0.58%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 4 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.29%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 3 (0.87%) Magento
2 2 (0.58%) Fredhopper
2 2 (0.58%) OpenText Process Suite
2 2 (0.58%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.58%) StreamServe
3 1 (0.29%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.29%) FastStats
3 1 (0.29%) FastStats PeopleStage
3 1 (0.29%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 1 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.29%) RMDS
3 1 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 81 (23.55%) AWS
2 67 (19.48%) Azure
3 27 (7.85%) Amazon EKS
3 27 (7.85%) GitHub
4 19 (5.52%) GCP
5 12 (3.49%) Amazon Cognito
5 12 (3.49%) PaaS
6 10 (2.91%) SaaS
7 9 (2.62%) Microsoft 365
8 8 (2.33%) IaaS
8 8 (2.33%) OpenShift
9 6 (1.74%) OneDrive
10 4 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.16%) Azure Data Factory
10 4 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (1.16%) Serverless
11 3 (0.87%) Amazon ELB
11 3 (0.87%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 2 (0.58%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 39 (11.34%) TCP/IP
2 33 (9.59%) Firewall
3 29 (8.43%) DNS
4 23 (6.69%) HTTP
5 19 (5.52%) SSL
6 17 (4.94%) DHCP
7 16 (4.65%) SMTP
8 15 (4.36%) FTP
9 13 (3.78%) SNMP
10 11 (3.20%) SAN
11 10 (2.91%) SSH
12 9 (2.62%) MPLS
12 9 (2.62%) VPN
13 8 (2.33%) BGP
13 8 (2.33%) IMAP
13 8 (2.33%) Network Security
14 6 (1.74%) Fibre Channel
14 6 (1.74%) Internet
14 6 (1.74%) S/MIME
15 5 (1.45%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (9.30%) MySQL
2 22 (6.40%) Relational Database
3 20 (5.81%) Oracle Database
4 19 (5.52%) MongoDB
5 18 (5.23%) SQL Server
6 16 (4.65%) NoSQL
7 10 (2.91%) Big Data
7 10 (2.91%) Oracle Database 11g
8 9 (2.62%) Hadoop
8 9 (2.62%) RDBMS
9 8 (2.33%) BusinessObjects
9 8 (2.33%) Neo4j
10 7 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
11 6 (1.74%) HBase
11 6 (1.74%) MariaDB
12 5 (1.45%) Apache Hive
13 4 (1.16%) Oracle Database 12c
14 3 (0.87%) Apache Accumulo
14 3 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
14 3 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 98 (28.49%) Jenkins
2 94 (27.33%) Git (software)
3 51 (14.83%) JIRA
4 42 (12.21%) GitLab
5 40 (11.63%) CA Gen
6 34 (9.88%) Artifactory
7 20 (5.81%) Bitbucket
7 20 (5.81%) Subversion
8 17 (4.94%) TeamCity
9 14 (4.07%) Selenium
10 12 (3.49%) SonarQube
11 11 (3.20%) Cucumber
11 11 (3.20%) Maven
11 11 (3.20%) SoapUI
12 10 (2.91%) GoCD
12 10 (2.91%) Octopus Deploy
12 10 (2.91%) Sonatype Nexus
13 8 (2.33%) Bitbucket Server
14 7 (2.03%) JMeter
14 7 (2.03%) LoadRunner
General
1 65 (18.90%) Finance
2 57 (16.57%) Public Sector
3 38 (11.05%) Telecoms
4 30 (8.72%) Electronics
4 30 (8.72%) Manufacturing
4 30 (8.72%) Marketing
5 28 (8.14%) Banking
6 5 (1.45%) Front Office
6 5 (1.45%) Retail
7 4 (1.16%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.16%) French Language
8 3 (0.87%) Billing
8 3 (0.87%) International Banking
8 3 (0.87%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.87%) Prime Brokerage
8 3 (0.87%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
9 2 (0.58%) Legal
9 2 (0.58%) Military
10 1 (0.29%) Back Office
10 1 (0.29%) Law
Job Titles
1 57 (16.57%) Developer
2 50 (14.53%) DevOps Engineer
3 24 (6.98%) Administrator
3 24 (6.98%) Linux Engineer
4 22 (6.40%) Security Engineer
4 22 (6.40%) Software Engineer
5 21 (6.10%) Consultant
5 21 (6.10%) Senior DevOps
6 17 (4.94%) Linux Administrator
6 17 (4.94%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 14 (4.07%) Linux Systems Administrator
8 13 (3.78%) Systems Administrator
9 11 (3.20%) DBA
10 10 (2.91%) C Programmer
10 10 (2.91%) Programmer
11 9 (2.62%) Automation Engineer
11 9 (2.62%) Cybersecurity Engineer
11 9 (2.62%) Network Engineer
12 8 (2.33%) Monitoring Engineer
12 8 (2.33%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (13.95%) Kafka
2 45 (13.08%) J2EE
3 43 (12.50%) Elastic Stack
4 27 (7.85%) SOAP
5 22 (6.40%) Web Services
6 17 (4.94%) REST
7 16 (4.65%) .NET
8 15 (4.36%) Middleware
9 14 (4.07%) XML
10 11 (3.20%) LDAP
11 9 (2.62%) Spring
12 8 (2.33%) Spring Boot
12 8 (2.33%) YAML
13 7 (2.03%) HTML
14 6 (1.74%) AngularJS
14 6 (1.74%) jQuery
14 6 (1.74%) Software Packaging
15 5 (1.45%) CORBA
15 5 (1.45%) FIX Protocol
15 5 (1.45%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 31 (9.01%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (4.65%) Management Information System
3 15 (4.36%) Linux Command Line
4 13 (3.78%) Data Centre
5 8 (2.33%) Robotics
5 8 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (1.74%) Analytical Mindset
7 5 (1.45%) Clustering
7 5 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 5 (1.45%) Private Cloud
8 4 (1.16%) Derivative
8 4 (1.16%) Equities
8 4 (1.16%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.16%) PKI
9 3 (0.87%) Embedded Systems
9 3 (0.87%) FMCG
9 3 (0.87%) N-Tier
9 3 (0.87%) Wiki
10 2 (0.58%) EFT
Operating Systems
1 179 (52.03%) Linux
2 125 (36.34%) Unix
3 99 (28.78%) Windows
4 65 (18.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 22 (6.40%) CentOS
6 19 (5.52%) Solaris
7 10 (2.91%) SUSE
8 9 (2.62%) AIX
9 7 (2.03%) Ubuntu
10 6 (1.74%) Debian
11 4 (1.16%) Android
11 4 (1.16%) Apple iOS
11 4 (1.16%) VMS
12 3 (0.87%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 3 (0.87%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.58%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.58%) HPUX
13 2 (0.58%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.29%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 89 (25.87%) DevOps
2 74 (21.51%) Configuration Management
3 70 (20.35%) Business Intelligence
4 63 (18.31%) Agile Software Development
5 52 (15.12%) Migration
6 49 (14.24%) Software Engineering
7 46 (13.37%) Scrum
8 45 (13.08%) Microservices
9 44 (12.79%) Waterfall
10 43 (12.50%) Data Modelling
10 43 (12.50%) Problem Management
11 42 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
11 42 (12.21%) Test Strategy
12 40 (11.63%) OO
13 39 (11.34%) RUP
14 37 (10.76%) Continuous Integration
15 36 (10.47%) Process Improvement
16 34 (9.88%) Test Automation
17 30 (8.72%) Digital Marketing
17 30 (8.72%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 220 (63.95%) Python
2 119 (34.59%) Java
3 110 (31.98%) SQL
4 87 (25.29%) Bash Shell
5 77 (22.38%) Shell Script
6 68 (19.77%) PL/SQL
7 56 (16.28%) PowerShell
8 34 (9.88%) Ruby
9 32 (9.30%) COBOL
10 29 (8.43%) JavaScript
11 28 (8.14%) C
12 24 (6.98%) PHP
13 21 (6.10%) C#
14 19 (5.52%) C++
15 17 (4.94%) Groovy
16 8 (2.33%) Go
17 7 (2.03%) AWK
18 6 (1.74%) VBA
19 5 (1.45%) Tcl
19 5 (1.45%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 55 (15.99%) Security Cleared
2 52 (15.12%) SC Cleared
3 24 (6.98%) Degree
4 8 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (2.03%) CompTIA Security+
5 7 (2.03%) GCFA
6 6 (1.74%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (1.74%) DBS Check
7 5 (1.45%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (1.45%) DV Cleared
8 4 (1.16%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 3 (0.87%) CCIE
10 2 (0.58%) CCIE Routing and Switching
10 2 (0.58%) CCIE Service Provider
10 2 (0.58%) CCNA
10 2 (0.58%) ISEB
10 2 (0.58%) JNCIA
11 1 (0.29%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.29%) RHCSA
11 1 (0.29%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.36%) QA
2 6 (1.74%) GDPR
3 3 (0.87%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.87%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 3 (0.87%) SLA
4 2 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.29%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.29%) NIST
5 1 (0.29%) PMO
System Software
1 68 (19.77%) Docker
2 30 (8.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (6.69%) Active Directory
4 8 (2.33%) Oracle RAC
5 7 (2.03%) NFS
6 6 (1.74%) Firmware
6 6 (1.74%) HDFS
6 6 (1.74%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 6 (1.74%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (1.16%) KVM
7 4 (1.16%) ProxySG
7 4 (1.16%) Snort
7 4 (1.16%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 4 (1.16%) Virtual Desktop
7 4 (1.16%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.87%) Veritas File System
8 3 (0.87%) Xen
9 2 (0.58%) GPFS
9 2 (0.58%) OCFS2
Systems Management
1 76 (22.09%) Kubernetes
2 75 (21.80%) Ansible
3 45 (13.08%) Puppet
4 39 (11.34%) Prometheus
5 37 (10.76%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (10.47%) Grafana
7 35 (10.17%) Kibana
8 31 (9.01%) Netcool
9 30 (8.72%) Terraform
10 27 (7.85%) Istio
10 27 (7.85%) logstash
10 27 (7.85%) Rancher
11 25 (7.27%) Consul
12 24 (6.98%) Fluentd
13 16 (4.65%) SCOM
13 16 (4.65%) Tivoli
14 11 (3.20%) Rundeck
15 9 (2.62%) Salt
16 7 (2.03%) HP ALM
16 7 (2.03%) Netcool/Webtop
Vendors
1 102 (29.65%) Oracle
2 58 (16.86%) Red Hat
3 53 (15.41%) Splunk
4 43 (12.50%) AppDynamics
5 41 (11.92%) Pega
6 40 (11.63%) BEA
7 38 (11.05%) webMethods
8 35 (10.17%) SAP
8 35 (10.17%) VMware
9 31 (9.01%) IBM
10 24 (6.98%) Atlassian
11 23 (6.69%) Google
12 19 (5.52%) HP
13 18 (5.23%) Microsoft
13 18 (5.23%) SaltStack
14 15 (4.36%) ServiceNow
15 14 (4.07%) EMC
16 11 (3.20%) Informatica
17 8 (2.33%) BMC
17 8 (2.33%) Dell