Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 218 178 144
Rank change year-on-year -40 -34 -7
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,197 1,315 1,821
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.27% 1.45% 1.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.83% 3.47% 4.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 704 789 1,189
England median daily rate £475 £480 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.04% +6.67% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
90th Percentile £619 £642 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £438
% change year-on-year - +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 23 24
England median hourly rate £36.25 £40.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.38% +8.11% -1.33%
10th Percentile £23.98 £34.00 £30.38
90th Percentile £54.86 £46.92 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% +8.11% -6.33%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,314 37,945 39,545
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.92% 41.94% 40.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,982 26,532 27,456
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £285
90th Percentile £650 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 658 745 842
England median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.66% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £17.43 £16.30 £14.27
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.45 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -37 606 £525 - 144
South East -52 178 £425 - 49
North of England -6 152 £430 +2.38% 69
East of England +2 122 £425 -8.11% 43
Midlands -17 95 £513 +22.02% 26
West Midlands +8 73 £520 -3.70% 21
North West +8 63 £463 -2.63% 47
Yorkshire 0 53 £445 +4.71% 16
South West -7 43 £444 +19.93% 26
North East -23 36 £378 +11.44% 6
East Midlands -14 22 £383 +2.00% 5
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 871 (72.77%) Python
2 809 (67.59%) Linux
3 482 (40.27%) DevOps
4 448 (37.43%) Puppet
5 423 (35.34%) Unix
6 418 (34.92%) Java
7 394 (32.92%) Agile Software Development
8 381 (31.83%) Ruby
9 375 (31.33%) Jenkins
10 374 (31.24%) Ansible
11 369 (30.83%) Git (software)
12 337 (28.15%) Bash Shell
13 322 (26.90%) SQL
14 313 (26.15%) Windows
15 311 (25.98%) Amazon AWS
16 271 (22.64%) Configuration Management
17 269 (22.47%) Docker
18 250 (20.89%) Continuous Integration
19 222 (18.55%) JavaScript
20 220 (18.38%) Opscode Chef
21 211 (17.63%) Oracle
22 204 (17.04%) Finance
23 190 (15.87%) Shell Script
24 182 (15.20%) Red Hat
25 176 (14.70%) HTTP
26 175 (14.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 171 (14.29%) Test Automation
28 163 (13.62%) Apache
29 162 (13.53%) Open Source
30 161 (13.45%) MySQL

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 163 (13.62%) Apache
2 112 (9.36%) nginx
3 103 (8.60%) Tomcat
4 73 (6.10%) Elasticsearch
5 57 (4.76%) Confluence
5 57 (4.76%) WebLogic
6 56 (4.68%) OpenStack
7 42 (3.51%) JBoss
8 39 (3.26%) IIS
8 39 (3.26%) WebSphere
9 24 (2.01%) Apache Spark
10 23 (1.92%) Tuxedo
11 21 (1.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 20 (1.67%) Jetty
13 19 (1.59%) Mongrel
14 9 (0.75%) SharePoint
15 8 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
15 8 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
16 7 (0.58%) CMS
17 6 (0.50%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 11 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 8 (0.67%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.17%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.17%) Doxygen
3 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.084%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 4 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.25%) assyst
2 3 (0.25%) Kondor
2 3 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.25%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.17%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
3 2 (0.17%) Global One
3 2 (0.17%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.17%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.084%) Documaker
4 1 (0.084%) Oracle BRM
4 1 (0.084%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.084%) RMDS
4 1 (0.084%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.084%) SAP MDM
4 1 (0.084%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 311 (25.98%) Amazon AWS
2 144 (12.03%) Microsoft Azure
3 89 (7.44%) GitHub
4 66 (5.51%) Cloud Computing
5 49 (4.09%) Amazon EC2
6 44 (3.68%) Google Analytics
7 43 (3.59%) IaaS
8 38 (3.17%) AWS CloudFormation
9 37 (3.09%) PaaS
10 36 (3.01%) Amazon S3
11 28 (2.34%) Datadog
12 27 (2.26%) Google Cloud Platform
13 26 (2.17%) Amazon ELB
14 21 (1.75%) Amazon SQS
15 17 (1.42%) OpenShift
16 16 (1.34%) Sumo Logic
17 14 (1.17%) Slack
18 13 (1.09%) npm
19 12 (1.00%) Google App Engine
20 11 (0.92%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 176 (14.70%) HTTP
2 154 (12.87%) TCP/IP
3 117 (9.77%) SSL
4 116 (9.69%) Firewall
5 113 (9.44%) DNS
6 51 (4.26%) Internet
7 38 (3.17%) DHCP
8 32 (2.67%) SAN
9 30 (2.51%) LAN
10 29 (2.42%) MPLS
11 28 (2.34%) SNMP
12 27 (2.26%) Wireless
13 25 (2.09%) VPN
13 25 (2.09%) WAN
14 24 (2.01%) Intranet
15 22 (1.84%) BIG-IP
16 21 (1.75%) BGP
16 21 (1.75%) NAS
17 20 (1.67%) DVB
18 18 (1.50%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 161 (13.45%) MySQL
2 136 (11.36%) PostgreSQL
3 122 (10.19%) MongoDB
4 106 (8.86%) NoSQL
5 75 (6.27%) Relational Database
6 57 (4.76%) SQL Server
7 43 (3.59%) Big Data
7 43 (3.59%) Hadoop
8 35 (2.92%) RDBMS
9 32 (2.67%) Amazon Redshift
9 32 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
9 32 (2.67%) DB2
10 26 (2.17%) Oracle Database
11 24 (2.01%) BusinessObjects
12 19 (1.59%) InfluxDB
13 18 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
13 18 (1.50%) MariaDB
14 15 (1.25%) KDB
15 14 (1.17%) Redis
16 11 (0.92%) HBase
Development Applications
1 375 (31.33%) Jenkins
2 369 (30.83%) Git (software)
3 115 (9.61%) JIRA
4 82 (6.85%) Artifactory
5 77 (6.43%) Maven
5 77 (6.43%) Selenium
6 72 (6.02%) Cucumber
7 70 (5.85%) Ant
8 66 (5.51%) Subversion
9 64 (5.35%) TeamCity
10 63 (5.26%) Sonatype Nexus
11 61 (5.10%) Bitbucket
12 53 (4.43%) Vagrant
13 46 (3.84%) IntelliJ
14 44 (3.68%) Gatling
15 38 (3.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 33 (2.76%) Grunt
16 33 (2.76%) gulp
16 33 (2.76%) Karma Test Runner
16 33 (2.76%) Sublime Text
General
1 204 (17.04%) Finance
2 110 (9.19%) Banking
3 54 (4.51%) Front Office
4 45 (3.76%) Telecoms
5 30 (2.51%) Financial Institution
6 27 (2.26%) Retail
7 25 (2.09%) Investment Banking
8 18 (1.50%) Back Office
9 15 (1.25%) Marketing
10 11 (0.92%) Law
11 9 (0.75%) Publishing
12 8 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.58%) Electronics
14 6 (0.50%) Games
15 5 (0.42%) Billing
15 5 (0.42%) Manufacturing
16 3 (0.25%) Automotive
16 3 (0.25%) Mandarin Language
17 2 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
17 2 (0.17%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 316 (26.40%) DevOps Engineer
2 307 (25.65%) Developer
3 85 (7.10%) AWS Engineer
3 85 (7.10%) Perl Developer
4 74 (6.18%) AWS DevOps
5 71 (5.93%) Administrator
5 71 (5.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 71 (5.93%) Linux Engineer
6 66 (5.51%) Analyst
7 53 (4.43%) Java Developer
8 49 (4.09%) Python Developer
9 46 (3.84%) Linux Administrator
10 44 (3.68%) Consultant
11 42 (3.51%) Python Engineer
12 41 (3.43%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 40 (3.34%) Systems Administrator
14 38 (3.17%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 32 (2.67%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 32 (2.67%) Software Engineer
16 30 (2.51%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (10.03%) XML
2 109 (9.11%) Middleware
3 84 (7.02%) HTML
3 84 (7.02%) Web Services
4 78 (6.52%) CSS
5 77 (6.43%) AngularJS
5 77 (6.43%) Elastic Stack
6 76 (6.35%) Node.js
7 69 (5.76%) JSON
8 67 (5.60%) Servlets
9 63 (5.26%) LAMP
10 54 (4.51%) jQuery
11 52 (4.34%) .NET
11 52 (4.34%) J2EE
12 51 (4.26%) SOAP
13 50 (4.18%) REST
14 48 (4.01%) RabbitMQ
15 45 (3.76%) Gherkin
15 45 (3.76%) Spring
16 40 (3.34%) CGI
Miscellaneous
1 85 (7.10%) Analytical Skills
2 77 (6.43%) Linux Command Line
3 76 (6.35%) Computer Science
4 70 (5.85%) Data Centre
5 36 (3.01%) Public Cloud
6 32 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
7 30 (2.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 29 (2.42%) Management Information System
9 28 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
10 25 (2.09%) Fixed Income
11 24 (2.01%) Equities
12 23 (1.92%) Mainframe
13 22 (1.84%) PKI
14 19 (1.59%) Clustering
15 18 (1.50%) Replication
16 16 (1.34%) Algorithms
16 16 (1.34%) Data Structures
16 16 (1.34%) STB
17 15 (1.25%) Hybrid Cloud
18 14 (1.17%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 809 (67.59%) Linux
2 423 (35.34%) Unix
3 313 (26.15%) Windows
4 175 (14.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 98 (8.19%) Solaris
6 96 (8.02%) CentOS
7 92 (7.69%) Ubuntu
8 71 (5.93%) Windows Server
9 49 (4.09%) AIX
10 32 (2.67%) Debian
11 26 (2.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 19 (1.59%) Fedora
13 18 (1.50%) SUSE
14 15 (1.25%) Windows Server 2008
14 15 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (1.09%) VME
16 12 (1.00%) Android
17 6 (0.50%) Apple iOS
17 6 (0.50%) HPUX
17 6 (0.50%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 482 (40.27%) DevOps
2 394 (32.92%) Agile Software Development
3 271 (22.64%) Configuration Management
4 250 (20.89%) Continuous Integration
5 171 (14.29%) Test Automation
6 162 (13.53%) Open Source
7 145 (12.11%) Problem-Solving
8 111 (9.27%) OO
9 110 (9.19%) Analytics
10 104 (8.69%) Deployment Automation
10 104 (8.69%) Microservices
11 91 (7.60%) Scrum
12 90 (7.52%) TDD
13 82 (6.85%) SDLC
14 78 (6.52%) Load Balancing
15 75 (6.27%) Software Engineering
16 74 (6.18%) Migration
17 73 (6.10%) Continuous Delivery
17 73 (6.10%) Continuous Deployment
18 65 (5.43%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 871 (72.77%) Python
2 418 (34.92%) Java
3 381 (31.83%) Ruby
4 337 (28.15%) Bash Shell
5 322 (26.90%) SQL
6 222 (18.55%) JavaScript
7 190 (15.87%) Shell Script
8 135 (11.28%) PowerShell
9 123 (10.28%) C#
10 112 (9.36%) PHP
11 110 (9.19%) C++
12 104 (8.69%) C
13 76 (6.35%) Go
14 60 (5.01%) PL/SQL
15 56 (4.68%) Groovy
16 55 (4.59%) Scala
17 45 (3.76%) Haskell
18 37 (3.09%) Korn
19 26 (2.17%) VB
20 16 (1.34%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 97 (8.10%) Security Cleared
2 79 (6.60%) Degree
3 77 (6.43%) SC Cleared
4 37 (3.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (2.01%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (1.25%) CCNA
7 11 (0.92%) CCNP
8 10 (0.84%) CISSP
8 10 (0.84%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.75%) AWS Certification
9 9 (0.75%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.75%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.67%) ISEB
10 8 (0.67%) SANS
11 6 (0.50%) PhD
12 5 (0.42%) JNCIP
12 5 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
13 4 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.33%) Oracle Certification
13 4 (0.33%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.84%) QA
2 12 (1.00%) PCI DSS
3 9 (0.75%) SLA
4 8 (0.67%) GDPR
5 5 (0.42%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.33%) EMIR
6 4 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.25%) MiFID
8 2 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 2 (0.17%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.17%) PMO
8 2 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.17%) SEPA
9 1 (0.084%) CDISC
9 1 (0.084%) GCP
9 1 (0.084%) GPG13
9 1 (0.084%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.084%) SAS 70
System Software
1 269 (22.47%) Docker
2 93 (7.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (3.84%) Active Directory
4 26 (2.17%) KVM
4 26 (2.17%) NFS
5 23 (1.92%) Hyper-V
5 23 (1.92%) VirtualBox
6 22 (1.84%) vSphere
7 18 (1.50%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 18 (1.50%) Virtual Machines
8 17 (1.42%) VMware ESXi
9 15 (1.25%) Firmware
9 15 (1.25%) Xen
10 10 (0.84%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (0.67%) etcd
11 8 (0.67%) flannel
12 7 (0.58%) LXC
13 6 (0.50%) HDFS
13 6 (0.50%) Squid
13 6 (0.50%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 448 (37.43%) Puppet
2 374 (31.24%) Ansible
3 220 (18.38%) Opscode Chef
4 160 (13.37%) Terraform
5 134 (11.19%) Kubernetes
6 111 (9.27%) Nagios
7 98 (8.19%) Kibana
8 83 (6.93%) Salt
9 65 (5.43%) Grafana
10 63 (5.26%) ZABBIX
11 55 (4.59%) logstash
12 39 (3.26%) Packer
13 26 (2.17%) CFEngine
13 26 (2.17%) Uchiwa
14 21 (1.75%) Pingdom
15 20 (1.67%) ITRS Geneos
16 19 (1.59%) BladeLogic
16 19 (1.59%) Rancher
17 17 (1.42%) Graylog
17 17 (1.42%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 211 (17.63%) Oracle
2 182 (15.20%) Red Hat
3 158 (13.20%) VMware
4 118 (9.86%) Splunk
5 78 (6.52%) Microsoft
6 74 (6.18%) Google
7 72 (6.02%) New Relic
8 62 (5.18%) Sybase
9 48 (4.01%) Cisco
10 44 (3.68%) Adobe
11 43 (3.59%) SaltStack
12 40 (3.34%) IBM
13 38 (3.17%) webMethods
14 34 (2.84%) Informatica
15 30 (2.51%) F5
16 29 (2.42%) Juniper
17 26 (2.17%) BEA
18 25 (2.09%) AppDynamics
18 25 (2.09%) Veritas
19 24 (2.01%) hybris