Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 215 165 135
Rank change year-on-year -50 -30 +16
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,238 1,416 1,892
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.30% 1.60% 1.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.96% 3.85% 4.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 748 876 1,279
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £338 £319 £310
90th Percentile £625 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £438
% change year-on-year - +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 37 31
England median hourly rate £40.00 £42.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +9.09% +2.67%
10th Percentile £20.25 £32.75 £36.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £47.20 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £42.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year -4.76% +9.09% +2.67%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,881 36,762 39,585
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.07% 41.60% 38.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,568 25,334 27,469
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +3.93% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 750 752 850
England median hourly rate £41.50 £41.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +10.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £17.49 £16.57 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.63 £53.75 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -0.61% +10.00% +7.14%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -51 700 £500 - 124
North of England +19 162 £425 +1.19% 65
South East -81 151 £425 -10.34% 69
East of England -8 103 £425 -15.00% 36
Midlands -7 83 £525 +30.03% 19
West Midlands -17 60 £530 +5.41% 15
North East +10 55 £365 +5.80% 10
North West -14 54 £474 -0.26% 32
Yorkshire +22 53 £445 +5.95% 23
South West -2 35 £500 +14.94% 31
East Midlands 0 23 £425 +13.33% 4
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 935 (75.53%) Python
2 831 (67.12%) Linux
3 495 (39.98%) DevOps
4 468 (37.80%) Java
5 449 (36.27%) Puppet
6 436 (35.22%) Unix
7 403 (32.55%) Ansible
8 400 (32.31%) Bash Shell
9 390 (31.50%) Ruby
10 382 (30.86%) Agile Software Development
11 373 (30.13%) Jenkins
12 336 (27.14%) Configuration Management
13 335 (27.06%) Amazon AWS
14 333 (26.90%) Git (software)
15 289 (23.34%) Windows
16 275 (22.21%) SQL
17 274 (22.13%) Docker
18 254 (20.52%) Continuous Integration
19 242 (19.55%) Opscode Chef
20 220 (17.77%) Oracle
21 217 (17.53%) Finance
22 200 (16.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 194 (15.67%) JavaScript
24 189 (15.27%) Red Hat
25 184 (14.86%) Shell Script
26 182 (14.70%) Open Source
27 181 (14.62%) Microsoft Azure
28 171 (13.81%) PostgreSQL
29 162 (13.09%) Problem-Solving
30 158 (12.76%) Kubernetes

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (10.66%) Apache
2 91 (7.35%) nginx
3 83 (6.70%) Elasticsearch
4 77 (6.22%) Tomcat
5 69 (5.57%) Confluence
6 53 (4.28%) OpenStack
7 50 (4.04%) Apache Spark
8 48 (3.88%) JBoss
9 44 (3.55%) WebLogic
10 38 (3.07%) WebSphere
11 31 (2.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 21 (1.70%) IIS
13 15 (1.21%) WebSphere Application Server
14 14 (1.13%) Hyperledger
15 13 (1.05%) Ethereum
15 13 (1.05%) Jetty
16 11 (0.89%) CMS
16 11 (0.89%) Mule ESB
16 11 (0.89%) Tuxedo
17 10 (0.81%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 14 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.97%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.081%) Doxygen
5 1 (0.081%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 6 (0.48%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.16%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
3 2 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.16%) Documaker
3 2 (0.16%) HiPortfolio
3 2 (0.16%) Kondor
3 2 (0.16%) Magento
3 2 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.16%) RMDS
4 1 (0.081%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.081%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.081%) Global One
4 1 (0.081%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.081%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 335 (27.06%) Amazon AWS
2 181 (14.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 79 (6.38%) Cloud Computing
4 71 (5.74%) GitHub
5 47 (3.80%) IaaS
6 36 (2.91%) Datadog
7 33 (2.67%) Amazon EC2
8 30 (2.42%) Google Cloud Platform
9 29 (2.34%) Amazon S3
9 29 (2.34%) PaaS
10 28 (2.26%) OpenShift
11 27 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
12 20 (1.62%) Amazon ELB
13 19 (1.53%) Google Analytics
14 15 (1.21%) Slack
15 10 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
16 9 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 9 (0.73%) npm
17 8 (0.65%) Google App Engine
18 7 (0.57%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 145 (11.71%) TCP/IP
2 121 (9.77%) HTTP
3 112 (9.05%) SSL
4 110 (8.89%) DNS
4 110 (8.89%) Firewall
5 47 (3.80%) SAN
6 46 (3.72%) Internet
6 46 (3.72%) SNMP
7 32 (2.58%) DHCP
7 32 (2.58%) FTP
8 30 (2.42%) MPLS
8 30 (2.42%) WAN
9 28 (2.26%) LAN
9 28 (2.26%) SSH
10 27 (2.18%) Network Security
11 26 (2.10%) VPN
12 23 (1.86%) NAS
13 20 (1.62%) Kerberos
14 19 (1.53%) Wireless
15 18 (1.45%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (13.81%) PostgreSQL
2 147 (11.87%) MySQL
3 104 (8.40%) Relational Database
4 102 (8.24%) MongoDB
5 98 (7.92%) NoSQL
6 80 (6.46%) Big Data
7 68 (5.49%) SQL Server
8 54 (4.36%) Hadoop
9 46 (3.72%) RDBMS
10 43 (3.47%) Amazon Redshift
11 37 (2.99%) Oracle Database
12 35 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
13 33 (2.67%) DB2
14 27 (2.18%) Apache Cassandra
15 23 (1.86%) HBase
16 17 (1.37%) Apache Hive
17 16 (1.29%) Blockchain
17 16 (1.29%) BusinessObjects
17 16 (1.29%) KDB
18 15 (1.21%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 373 (30.13%) Jenkins
2 333 (26.90%) Git (software)
3 121 (9.77%) JIRA
4 74 (5.98%) Subversion
5 70 (5.65%) Artifactory
6 61 (4.93%) TeamCity
7 57 (4.60%) Sonatype Nexus
8 53 (4.28%) Maven
9 46 (3.72%) Selenium
10 40 (3.23%) Cucumber
11 38 (3.07%) Ant
12 35 (2.83%) Bitbucket
13 32 (2.58%) Vagrant
14 26 (2.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 24 (1.94%) GitLab
16 22 (1.78%) IntelliJ
17 19 (1.53%) Gatling
18 15 (1.21%) JUnit
19 13 (1.05%) Mercurial
20 12 (0.97%) Gradle
General
1 217 (17.53%) Finance
2 110 (8.89%) Banking
3 51 (4.12%) Front Office
4 31 (2.50%) Investment Banking
5 30 (2.42%) Telecoms
6 22 (1.78%) Retail
7 21 (1.70%) Financial Institution
8 18 (1.45%) Marketing
9 15 (1.21%) Games
10 12 (0.97%) Law
11 11 (0.89%) Back Office
12 7 (0.57%) Electronics
13 6 (0.48%) Publishing
14 5 (0.40%) French Language
15 4 (0.32%) Mandarin Language
15 4 (0.32%) Manufacturing
16 3 (0.24%) Automotive
16 3 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
16 3 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
17 2 (0.16%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 317 (25.61%) DevOps Engineer
2 276 (22.29%) Developer
3 113 (9.13%) Administrator
4 90 (7.27%) Linux Engineer
5 83 (6.70%) AWS Engineer
6 77 (6.22%) AWS DevOps
7 64 (5.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 62 (5.01%) Linux Administrator
8 62 (5.01%) Systems Administrator
9 61 (4.93%) Analyst
10 56 (4.52%) Python Developer
11 54 (4.36%) Perl Developer
12 51 (4.12%) Consultant
13 49 (3.96%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 47 (3.80%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 45 (3.63%) Java Developer
16 44 (3.55%) Linux Systems Administrator
17 43 (3.47%) Python Engineer
18 37 (2.99%) C++ Developer
19 32 (2.58%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (9.05%) XML
2 106 (8.56%) Elastic Stack
3 96 (7.75%) Middleware
4 87 (7.03%) Web Services
5 69 (5.57%) HTML
6 68 (5.49%) AngularJS
7 66 (5.33%) RabbitMQ
8 65 (5.25%) JSON
9 55 (4.44%) J2EE
10 52 (4.20%) Node.js
11 48 (3.88%) .NET
12 47 (3.80%) ActiveMQ
12 47 (3.80%) CSS
13 44 (3.55%) LEMP Stack
14 43 (3.47%) LAMP
15 38 (3.07%) Sensu
15 38 (3.07%) SOAP
15 38 (3.07%) Spring
16 35 (2.83%) Ajax
16 35 (2.83%) React
Miscellaneous
1 109 (8.80%) Analytical Skills
2 77 (6.22%) Data Centre
3 71 (5.74%) Linux Command Line
4 64 (5.17%) Computer Science
5 40 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
6 37 (2.99%) Management Information System
7 35 (2.83%) Public Cloud
8 32 (2.58%) Enterprise Software
9 29 (2.34%) Clustering
9 29 (2.34%) Equities
10 28 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 27 (2.18%) Algorithms
12 21 (1.70%) Data Structures
13 17 (1.37%) Fixed Income
13 17 (1.37%) Mainframe
13 17 (1.37%) Replication
14 16 (1.29%) Virtual Team
15 14 (1.13%) Derivative
15 14 (1.13%) Greenfield Project
16 13 (1.05%) Bitcoin
Operating Systems
1 831 (67.12%) Linux
2 436 (35.22%) Unix
3 289 (23.34%) Windows
4 200 (16.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 111 (8.97%) Solaris
6 70 (5.65%) Ubuntu
7 66 (5.33%) AIX
8 65 (5.25%) CentOS
9 56 (4.52%) Windows Server
10 20 (1.62%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 18 (1.45%) Debian
12 16 (1.29%) HPUX
13 14 (1.13%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.89%) SUSE
14 11 (0.89%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.81%) VME
16 6 (0.48%) Fedora
16 6 (0.48%) FreeBSD
17 5 (0.40%) Android
17 5 (0.40%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 495 (39.98%) DevOps
2 382 (30.86%) Agile Software Development
3 336 (27.14%) Configuration Management
4 254 (20.52%) Continuous Integration
5 182 (14.70%) Open Source
6 162 (13.09%) Problem-Solving
7 138 (11.15%) Test Automation
8 126 (10.18%) Deployment Automation
9 117 (9.45%) OO
10 108 (8.72%) TDD
11 102 (8.24%) Migration
12 87 (7.03%) Microservices
13 85 (6.87%) ITIL
13 85 (6.87%) SDLC
13 85 (6.87%) Task Automation
14 83 (6.70%) Load Balancing
14 83 (6.70%) Scrum
15 81 (6.54%) High Availability
15 81 (6.54%) Software Engineering
16 80 (6.46%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 935 (75.53%) Python
2 468 (37.80%) Java
3 400 (32.31%) Bash Shell
4 390 (31.50%) Ruby
5 275 (22.21%) SQL
6 194 (15.67%) JavaScript
7 184 (14.86%) Shell Script
8 144 (11.63%) PowerShell
9 139 (11.23%) C++
10 114 (9.21%) C
11 108 (8.72%) PHP
12 107 (8.64%) C#
13 68 (5.49%) Korn
14 65 (5.25%) Go
15 54 (4.36%) Scala
16 49 (3.96%) PL/SQL
17 39 (3.15%) Groovy
18 24 (1.94%) VB
19 22 (1.78%) Haskell
20 20 (1.62%) AWK
Qualifications
1 115 (9.29%) Security Cleared
2 104 (8.40%) Degree
3 89 (7.19%) SC Cleared
4 32 (2.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.78%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (1.21%) CCNP
7 14 (1.13%) CCNA
8 13 (1.05%) SANS
9 12 (0.97%) CISSP
10 11 (0.89%) DV Cleared
10 11 (0.89%) Master's Degree
11 10 (0.81%) AWS Certification
11 10 (0.81%) ISTQB
12 9 (0.73%) RHCE
13 6 (0.48%) ISEB
14 5 (0.40%) OCP
14 5 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
14 5 (0.40%) RHCSA
15 4 (0.32%) JNCIP
15 4 (0.32%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.18%) QA
2 17 (1.37%) GCP
3 14 (1.13%) GDPR
4 11 (0.89%) SLA
5 8 (0.65%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.48%) EMIR
7 4 (0.32%) MiFID
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 2 (0.16%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.16%) PMO
8 2 (0.16%) SEPA
9 1 (0.081%) ARP4754
9 1 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.081%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.081%) SAS 70
System Software
1 274 (22.13%) Docker
2 57 (4.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (2.99%) NFS
4 33 (2.67%) Active Directory
5 32 (2.58%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 22 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
7 21 (1.70%) Firmware
8 20 (1.62%) KVM
8 20 (1.62%) Xen
9 18 (1.45%) vSphere
10 16 (1.29%) VMware ESXi
11 14 (1.13%) HDFS
12 12 (0.97%) etcd
13 11 (0.89%) flannel
14 10 (0.81%) Oracle RAC
15 9 (0.73%) Varnish
16 8 (0.65%) GlusterFS
16 8 (0.65%) VirtualBox
17 6 (0.48%) iptables
17 6 (0.48%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 449 (36.27%) Puppet
2 403 (32.55%) Ansible
3 242 (19.55%) Opscode Chef
4 158 (12.76%) Kubernetes
5 140 (11.31%) Terraform
6 95 (7.67%) Nagios
7 77 (6.22%) Salt
8 62 (5.01%) Kibana
9 55 (4.44%) Grafana
10 48 (3.88%) logstash
10 48 (3.88%) ZABBIX
11 38 (3.07%) HAProxy
12 36 (2.91%) Packer
13 23 (1.86%) Mesos
13 23 (1.86%) NetBackup
14 21 (1.70%) CFEngine
15 20 (1.62%) Pingdom
15 20 (1.62%) Uchiwa
16 16 (1.29%) Oracle ZFS
17 14 (1.13%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 220 (17.77%) Oracle
2 189 (15.27%) Red Hat
3 117 (9.45%) VMware
4 108 (8.72%) Splunk
5 86 (6.95%) Sybase
6 73 (5.90%) Microsoft
7 71 (5.74%) New Relic
8 49 (3.96%) IBM
9 48 (3.88%) Veritas
10 47 (3.80%) SaltStack
11 45 (3.63%) Google
12 43 (3.47%) Adobe
13 42 (3.39%) Sun
14 35 (2.83%) Cisco
15 32 (2.58%) Atlassian
16 27 (2.18%) HP
17 25 (2.02%) CA
18 23 (1.86%) EMC
18 23 (1.86%) hybris
18 23 (1.86%) Informatica