Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 284 209 155
Rank change year-on-year -75 -54 -20
Contract jobs citing Perl 782 1,221 1,395
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.94% 1.32% 1.64%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.18% 3.02% 3.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 457 748 877
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £338 £342 £331
90th Percentile £650 £631 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 22 44
England median hourly rate £45.79 £40.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.48% -5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £17.63 £21.26 £32.75
90th Percentile £56.25 £52.50 £47.35
UK median hourly rate £44.92 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +12.29% -5.88% +10.39%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,810 40,424 35,243
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.02% 43.80% 41.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,039 28,418 24,270
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
% change year-on-year +3.26% +5.14% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 638 727 761
England median hourly rate £43.25 £41.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.22% - +7.79%
10th Percentile £19.73 £17.50 £17.77
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.75 £41.50
% change year-on-year +5.52% -1.81% +9.21%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in England

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -67 454 £525 +5.00% 27
South East -16 102 £500 +17.65% 15
North of England -23 82 £403 -4.17% 9
Midlands +3 60 £479 -8.86% 5
East of England -38 46 £383 -15.00% 12
West Midlands -13 40 £500 -5.66% 4
South West -15 34 £525 +5.00% 10
North East +1 32 £300 -17.81% 1
Yorkshire +1 31 £486 +8.06% 2
East Midlands +19 20 £425 -2.86% 1
North West +2 19 £550 +15.79% 6
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 578 (73.91%) Python
2 433 (55.37%) Linux
3 292 (37.34%) Java
4 281 (35.93%) Unix
5 274 (35.04%) DevOps
6 247 (31.59%) SQL
7 223 (28.52%) Agile Software Development
8 200 (25.58%) Amazon AWS
9 198 (25.32%) Bash Shell
10 196 (25.06%) Ansible
11 193 (24.68%) Jenkins
12 187 (23.91%) Git (software)
13 186 (23.79%) Windows
14 179 (22.89%) Ruby
15 173 (22.12%) Oracle
16 168 (21.48%) Puppet
17 148 (18.93%) Finance
18 147 (18.80%) Docker
19 137 (17.52%) Configuration Management
19 137 (17.52%) Shell Script
20 132 (16.88%) JavaScript
21 122 (15.60%) Microsoft Azure
21 122 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
22 111 (14.19%) Red Hat
23 108 (13.81%) Opscode Chef
24 104 (13.30%) Degree
24 104 (13.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 102 (13.04%) JIRA
26 101 (12.92%) PowerShell
27 98 (12.53%) MySQL

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (7.67%) Apache
2 54 (6.91%) Tomcat
3 43 (5.50%) WebLogic
4 35 (4.48%) Elasticsearch
5 34 (4.35%) nginx
6 29 (3.71%) Confluence
7 25 (3.20%) JBoss
8 24 (3.07%) OpenStack
9 23 (2.94%) IIS
10 18 (2.30%) Apache Spark
11 15 (1.92%) WebSphere
12 12 (1.53%) MS Exchange
13 10 (1.28%) SharePoint
14 9 (1.15%) SAS
15 7 (0.90%) Exchange Server 2010
15 7 (0.90%) Exchange Server 2013
15 7 (0.90%) lighttpd
15 7 (0.90%) Oracle HTTP Server
16 6 (0.77%) Drupal
16 6 (0.77%) Jetty
Applications
1 10 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.64%) SPSS
2 5 (0.64%) Stata
3 3 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.38%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (0.77%) Magento
2 5 (0.64%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.13%) CSG Singleview
3 1 (0.13%) FLEXCUBE
3 1 (0.13%) Global One
3 1 (0.13%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 200 (25.58%) Amazon AWS
2 122 (15.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 64 (8.18%) GitHub
4 35 (4.48%) Google Cloud Platform
5 31 (3.96%) Cloud Computing
6 30 (3.84%) Office 365
7 23 (2.94%) AWS CloudFormation
8 21 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
9 18 (2.30%) Datadog
10 17 (2.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 17 (2.17%) Amazon S3
11 16 (2.05%) npm
12 13 (1.66%) OpenShift
13 12 (1.53%) Power Platform
13 12 (1.53%) Serverless
14 11 (1.41%) Amazon Kinesis
15 10 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
15 10 (1.28%) Google Analytics
16 9 (1.15%) Amazon ELB
17 8 (1.02%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 62 (7.93%) Firewall
1 62 (7.93%) TCP/IP
2 55 (7.03%) HTTP
3 48 (6.14%) DNS
4 35 (4.48%) Internet
5 32 (4.09%) BGP
6 26 (3.32%) SSL
7 24 (3.07%) WAN
8 21 (2.69%) SAN
9 19 (2.43%) DHCP
9 19 (2.43%) OSPF
10 18 (2.30%) LAN
10 18 (2.30%) MPLS
11 15 (1.92%) NAS
12 14 (1.79%) Network Security
13 12 (1.53%) Cisco ASA
13 12 (1.53%) SMTP
13 12 (1.53%) SNMP
13 12 (1.53%) VSAN
14 10 (1.28%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (12.53%) MySQL
2 65 (8.31%) PostgreSQL
3 64 (8.18%) Relational Database
4 50 (6.39%) SQL Server
5 46 (5.88%) MongoDB
6 41 (5.24%) NoSQL
7 37 (4.73%) RDBMS
8 34 (4.35%) Oracle Database
9 32 (4.09%) Hadoop
10 28 (3.58%) Big Data
10 28 (3.58%) Data Warehouse
11 19 (2.43%) DB2
12 16 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (1.79%) Oracle Database 12c
14 12 (1.53%) Power BI
15 11 (1.41%) Apache Hive
16 10 (1.28%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (1.28%) Amazon Redshift
17 9 (1.15%) CouchDB
17 9 (1.15%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 193 (24.68%) Jenkins
2 187 (23.91%) Git (software)
3 102 (13.04%) JIRA
4 69 (8.82%) Maven
5 40 (5.12%) Subversion
6 38 (4.86%) Selenium
7 35 (4.48%) Ant
8 31 (3.96%) JUnit
9 29 (3.71%) Sonatype Nexus
10 26 (3.32%) Cucumber
11 23 (2.94%) TeamCity
12 22 (2.81%) CA Gen
13 20 (2.56%) Bitbucket
13 20 (2.56%) SonarQube
14 18 (2.30%) GoCD
15 17 (2.17%) Eclipse
16 16 (2.05%) Artifactory
16 16 (2.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 15 (1.92%) IntelliJ
17 15 (1.92%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 148 (18.93%) Finance
2 87 (11.13%) Banking
3 30 (3.84%) Telecoms
4 25 (3.20%) Front Office
5 22 (2.81%) Investment Banking
6 15 (1.92%) Publishing
7 11 (1.41%) Financial Institution
7 11 (1.41%) Retail
8 8 (1.02%) Electronics
9 6 (0.77%) German Language
9 6 (0.77%) Marketing
10 4 (0.51%) Law
10 4 (0.51%) Social Science
11 3 (0.38%) French Language
11 3 (0.38%) Greek Language
12 2 (0.26%) Automotive
12 2 (0.26%) Billing
12 2 (0.26%) Legal
12 2 (0.26%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.26%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 189 (24.17%) Developer
2 141 (18.03%) DevOps Engineer
3 62 (7.93%) Administrator
4 45 (5.75%) AWS Engineer
5 44 (5.63%) Java Developer
6 43 (5.50%) Analyst
7 37 (4.73%) AWS DevOps
8 34 (4.35%) Systems Administrator
9 32 (4.09%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 31 (3.96%) Network Engineer
11 30 (3.84%) Linux Engineer
12 29 (3.71%) DBA
13 28 (3.58%) Consultant
14 24 (3.07%) Architect
15 22 (2.81%) C++ Developer
15 22 (2.81%) Cloud Engineer
15 22 (2.81%) Data Scientist
16 20 (2.56%) Perl Developer
16 20 (2.56%) Security Engineer
16 20 (2.56%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 68 (8.70%) HTML
2 58 (7.42%) Node.js
3 54 (6.91%) Web Services
4 53 (6.78%) CSS
5 51 (6.52%) XML
6 48 (6.14%) JSON
7 47 (6.01%) .NET
7 47 (6.01%) J2EE
8 46 (5.88%) RESTful
9 42 (5.37%) Spring
10 38 (4.86%) LDAP
11 37 (4.73%) SOAP
12 34 (4.35%) REST
13 31 (3.96%) AngularJS
14 27 (3.45%) HTML5
14 27 (3.45%) Middleware
15 26 (3.32%) Elastic Stack
15 26 (3.32%) Swagger
16 25 (3.20%) LAMP
17 22 (2.81%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 62 (7.93%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (4.86%) Linux Command Line
3 27 (3.45%) Clustering
3 27 (3.45%) Data Centre
3 27 (3.45%) Management Information System
4 26 (3.32%) Equities
4 26 (3.32%) Replication
5 23 (2.94%) Public Cloud
5 23 (2.94%) Robotics
6 18 (2.30%) Blog
6 18 (2.30%) Data Protection Act
7 16 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
8 15 (1.92%) Mobile App
9 13 (1.66%) Client/Server
9 13 (1.66%) Embedded Systems
9 13 (1.66%) HACMP
10 12 (1.53%) Private Cloud
11 11 (1.41%) Cyberthreat
11 11 (1.41%) Hedge funds
12 10 (1.28%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 433 (55.37%) Linux
2 281 (35.93%) Unix
3 186 (23.79%) Windows
4 104 (13.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 64 (8.18%) Solaris
6 46 (5.88%) Windows Server
7 24 (3.07%) AIX
8 23 (2.94%) Ubuntu
9 14 (1.79%) Android
9 14 (1.79%) Apple iOS
9 14 (1.79%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (1.53%) CentOS
11 11 (1.41%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (1.28%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 9 (1.15%) HPUX
14 5 (0.64%) Debian
14 5 (0.64%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.64%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.51%) SUSE
15 4 (0.51%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 274 (35.04%) DevOps
2 223 (28.52%) Agile Software Development
3 137 (17.52%) Configuration Management
4 122 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
5 86 (11.00%) Test Automation
6 83 (10.61%) Scrum
7 82 (10.49%) ITIL
8 80 (10.23%) Problem-Solving
9 75 (9.59%) Open Source
10 72 (9.21%) TDD
11 67 (8.57%) Analytics
12 64 (8.18%) Migration
13 63 (8.06%) Task Automation
14 57 (7.29%) Computer Science
15 51 (6.52%) Continuous Delivery
16 49 (6.27%) Software Engineering
17 46 (5.88%) Infrastructure as Code
18 45 (5.75%) Deployment Automation
18 45 (5.75%) Kanban
18 45 (5.75%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 578 (73.91%) Python
2 292 (37.34%) Java
3 247 (31.59%) SQL
4 198 (25.32%) Bash Shell
5 179 (22.89%) Ruby
6 137 (17.52%) Shell Script
7 132 (16.88%) JavaScript
8 101 (12.92%) PowerShell
9 85 (10.87%) PHP
10 74 (9.46%) C++
11 68 (8.70%) C
12 63 (8.06%) PL/SQL
13 54 (6.91%) Korn
14 39 (4.99%) C#
15 35 (4.48%) Go
16 34 (4.35%) Scala
17 33 (4.22%) Groovy
18 18 (2.30%) AWK
19 12 (1.53%) Bourne shell
20 11 (1.41%) R
Qualifications
1 104 (13.30%) Degree
2 66 (8.44%) Security Cleared
3 45 (5.75%) SC Cleared
4 30 (3.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (3.32%) ITIL Certification
6 17 (2.17%) Master's Degree
7 16 (2.05%) CISSP
8 14 (1.79%) AWS Certification
8 14 (1.79%) Cisco Certification
9 11 (1.41%) CCNP
10 9 (1.15%) RHCE
11 8 (1.02%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (1.02%) CISM
11 8 (1.02%) CREST Certified
12 7 (0.90%) OCA
12 7 (0.90%) OCP
12 7 (0.90%) Oracle Certification
12 7 (0.90%) OSCP
13 6 (0.77%) CCIE
13 6 (0.77%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (3.58%) QA
2 14 (1.79%) GDPR
3 7 (0.90%) COBIT
4 6 (0.77%) SLA
5 5 (0.64%) MiFID
5 5 (0.64%) NIST
5 5 (0.64%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.13%) IFRS
7 1 (0.13%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.13%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.13%) PSD2
7 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 147 (18.80%) Docker
2 60 (7.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 54 (6.91%) Active Directory
4 23 (2.94%) KVM
5 17 (2.17%) Hyper-V
6 14 (1.79%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (1.28%) NFS
8 9 (1.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 9 (1.15%) Virtual Machines
9 8 (1.02%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 7 (0.90%) Samba
11 6 (0.77%) RACF
11 6 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
12 5 (0.64%) Shibboleth
12 5 (0.64%) SRDF
13 4 (0.51%) Xen
14 3 (0.38%) Firmware
14 3 (0.38%) PowerHA
14 3 (0.38%) VirtualBox
14 3 (0.38%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 196 (25.06%) Ansible
2 168 (21.48%) Puppet
3 108 (13.81%) Opscode Chef
4 87 (11.13%) Kubernetes
5 86 (11.00%) Terraform
6 36 (4.60%) Nagios
7 28 (3.58%) Kibana
8 18 (2.30%) Grafana
9 16 (2.05%) Salt
10 15 (1.92%) SCCM
10 15 (1.92%) Single Sign-On
11 13 (1.66%) ZABBIX
12 12 (1.53%) HP SIM
13 10 (1.28%) Microsoft Clustering
13 10 (1.28%) Nessus
13 10 (1.28%) Tivoli
14 9 (1.15%) Data Guard
14 9 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
14 9 (1.15%) Mesos
15 8 (1.02%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 173 (22.12%) Oracle
2 111 (14.19%) Red Hat
3 97 (12.40%) Microsoft
4 89 (11.38%) VMware
5 45 (5.75%) HP
6 42 (5.37%) Google
6 42 (5.37%) Splunk
7 37 (4.73%) Cisco
8 36 (4.60%) EMC
9 35 (4.48%) IBM
10 34 (4.35%) Sybase
10 34 (4.35%) webMethods
11 33 (4.22%) Informatica
12 28 (3.58%) Veritas
13 25 (3.20%) BEA
13 25 (3.20%) ServiceNow
14 24 (3.07%) 3PAR
15 23 (2.94%) Pega
16 22 (2.81%) Atlassian
17 17 (2.17%) Sun