Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 238 174 181
Rank change year-on-year -64 +7 -61
Contract jobs citing Ruby 451 810 1,448
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.08% 1.50% 1.64%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.63% 3.67% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 345 647 1,011
10th Percentile £363 £375 £400
25th Percentile £438 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £588 £613 £600
90th Percentile £625 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 1
Median hourly rate £45.00 £20.50 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +119.51% -70.71% +43.59%
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £20.50 £70.00
% change year-on-year +119.51% -70.71% +43.59%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,124 22,049 38,269
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.08% 40.95% 43.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,227 15,680 27,331
10th Percentile £320 £325 £325
25th Percentile £404 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £485
Median % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £658 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 378 408 552
10th Percentile £17.19 £17.43 £17.50
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.92 £26.25
Median hourly rate £42.25 £44.00 £42.63
Median % change year-on-year -3.98% +3.23% +6.56%
75th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £49.30
90th Percentile £58.75 £57.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -64 283 £525 -4.55% 198
North of England -10 43 £444 -6.63% 61
North West -12 26 £463 -7.50% 30
South East +19 25 £450 -5.26% 32
South West +43 17 £450 -2.78% 10
Midlands +25 17 £430 -1.43% 29
East of England +29 11 £488 +2.52% 11
North East +26 9 £469 +30.21% 6
West Midlands +19 9 £430 -1.43% 21
East Midlands +28 8 £413 - 8
Yorkshire +8 8 £410 -13.68% 25
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 201 (44.57%) Python
2 152 (33.70%) Ruby on Rails
3 144 (31.93%) DevOps
4 137 (30.38%) JavaScript
5 136 (30.16%) Docker
6 135 (29.93%) Agile Software Development
7 129 (28.60%) AWS
8 124 (27.49%) Java
9 110 (24.39%) Go
10 101 (22.39%) Test Automation
11 99 (21.95%) Linux
11 99 (21.95%) Kubernetes
12 91 (20.18%) Terraform
13 88 (19.51%) Git (software)
14 86 (19.07%) Continuous Integration
15 82 (18.18%) TDD
16 78 (17.29%) Node.js
17 73 (16.19%) Azure
18 68 (15.08%) Ansible
19 67 (14.86%) PostgreSQL
20 56 (12.42%) Configuration Management
21 54 (11.97%) React
22 52 (11.53%) Software Engineering
23 51 (11.31%) GitHub
23 51 (11.31%) Public Sector
24 50 (11.09%) Bash Shell
25 49 (10.86%) Security Cleared
25 49 (10.86%) Jenkins
26 48 (10.64%) Finance
27 47 (10.42%) Scala

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (3.99%) Elasticsearch
2 15 (3.33%) Cloud Foundry
3 14 (3.10%) Confluence
4 8 (1.77%) Apache
4 8 (1.77%) SharePoint
5 6 (1.33%) nginx
6 5 (1.11%) CMS
6 5 (1.11%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.89%) Mule
7 4 (0.89%) WordPress
8 3 (0.67%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.44%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.44%) Drupal
9 2 (0.44%) IBM Domino
10 1 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.22%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.22%) IIS
10 1 (0.22%) JBoss
10 1 (0.22%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 6 (1.33%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.67%) Figma
Business Applications
1 4 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.22%) Magento
2 1 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 129 (28.60%) AWS
2 73 (16.19%) Azure
3 51 (11.31%) GitHub
4 37 (8.20%) GCP
5 28 (6.21%) PaaS
6 23 (5.10%) Serverless
7 19 (4.21%) Cloud Computing
7 19 (4.21%) IaaS
8 18 (3.99%) AWS Lambda
8 18 (3.99%) SaaS
9 17 (3.77%) Heroku
10 13 (2.88%) OpenShift
11 11 (2.44%) Amazon ECS
11 11 (2.44%) AWS CloudFormation
12 10 (2.22%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (2.00%) Power Platform
14 6 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
15 5 (1.11%) Akamai
15 5 (1.11%) Amazon S3
15 5 (1.11%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 16 (3.55%) HTTP
2 11 (2.44%) TCP/IP
3 10 (2.22%) Internet
4 5 (1.11%) DNS
4 5 (1.11%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.67%) BGP
5 3 (0.67%) Firewall
5 3 (0.67%) Network Security
5 3 (0.67%) OSPF
5 3 (0.67%) SSL
5 3 (0.67%) VRRP
5 3 (0.67%) VXLAN
5 3 (0.67%) WAN
5 3 (0.67%) Wireshark
6 2 (0.44%) BIG-IP
6 2 (0.44%) FTP
6 2 (0.44%) IMAP
6 2 (0.44%) OpenLDAP
6 2 (0.44%) SMTP
6 2 (0.44%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (14.86%) PostgreSQL
2 26 (5.76%) MySQL
3 19 (4.21%) Relational Database
3 19 (4.21%) SQL Server
4 17 (3.77%) MongoDB
4 17 (3.77%) Redis
5 11 (2.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 10 (2.22%) Amazon Aurora
7 8 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
7 8 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (1.77%) NoSQL
8 5 (1.11%) Power BI
8 5 (1.11%) SQL Server 2008
9 4 (0.89%) Cosmos DB
9 4 (0.89%) Oracle Database
9 4 (0.89%) Oracle Database 12c
9 4 (0.89%) SQL Server 2014
9 4 (0.89%) SQL Server 2016
9 4 (0.89%) SQL Server 2017
9 4 (0.89%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 88 (19.51%) Git (software)
2 49 (10.86%) Jenkins
3 29 (6.43%) JIRA
4 27 (5.99%) Selenium
5 26 (5.76%) GitLab
5 26 (5.76%) RSpec
6 17 (3.77%) Subversion
6 17 (3.77%) Visual Studio
7 16 (3.55%) Cucumber
8 14 (3.10%) Bitbucket
9 13 (2.88%) IntelliJ
10 12 (2.66%) Visual Studio Code
11 11 (2.44%) CircleCI
11 11 (2.44%) Gatling
12 10 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 9 (2.00%) Artifactory
14 7 (1.55%) Cypress.io
14 7 (1.55%) JUnit
14 7 (1.55%) PyCharm
14 7 (1.55%) Vagrant
General
1 51 (11.31%) Public Sector
2 48 (10.64%) Finance
3 16 (3.55%) Telecoms
4 13 (2.88%) Marketing
5 12 (2.66%) Electronics
6 11 (2.44%) Banking
6 11 (2.44%) Manufacturing
7 10 (2.22%) Retail
8 8 (1.77%) Advertising
8 8 (1.77%) Automotive
9 6 (1.33%) Law
10 3 (0.67%) French Language
10 3 (0.67%) German Language
11 2 (0.44%) Local Government
11 2 (0.44%) Military
11 2 (0.44%) Police
11 2 (0.44%) Publishing
11 2 (0.44%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.22%) Front Office
12 1 (0.22%) Legal
Job Titles
1 217 (48.12%) Developer
2 81 (17.96%) Ruby Developer
3 64 (14.19%) DevOps Engineer
4 55 (12.20%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 30 (6.65%) Ruby Engineer
6 24 (5.32%) Full Stack Developer
6 24 (5.32%) Senior Developer
7 21 (4.66%) Site Reliability Engineer
8 20 (4.43%) Architect
9 19 (4.21%) Site Engineer
10 18 (3.99%) Software Engineer
11 14 (3.10%) AWS Engineer
11 14 (3.10%) React Developer
11 14 (3.10%) Tester
12 12 (2.66%) JavaScript Developer
13 11 (2.44%) AWS DevOps
13 11 (2.44%) Consultant
13 11 (2.44%) Senior Ruby Developer
13 11 (2.44%) Software Developer
14 10 (2.22%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 152 (33.70%) Ruby on Rails
2 78 (17.29%) Node.js
3 54 (11.97%) React
4 46 (10.20%) CSS
5 42 (9.31%) HTML
6 38 (8.43%) .NET
7 36 (7.98%) RESTful
8 34 (7.54%) Web Services
9 30 (6.65%) REST
10 22 (4.88%) JSON
11 20 (4.43%) AngularJS
12 16 (3.55%) HTML5
13 15 (3.33%) XML
14 13 (2.88%) Elastic Stack
14 13 (2.88%) jQuery
15 12 (2.66%) Sidekiq
16 11 (2.44%) Redux
16 11 (2.44%) Spring
17 10 (2.22%) Kafka
17 10 (2.22%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 19 (4.21%) User Experience
2 14 (3.10%) Public Cloud
3 13 (2.88%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (2.44%) Cloud Native
5 10 (2.22%) Greenfield Project
5 10 (2.22%) Management Information System
6 9 (2.00%) Hybrid Cloud
7 8 (1.77%) Mobile App
8 7 (1.55%) Virtual Team
9 6 (1.33%) Blog
9 6 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
9 6 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
9 6 (1.33%) Private Cloud
10 5 (1.11%) Data Centre
11 4 (0.89%) Algorithms
11 4 (0.89%) Data Structures
12 3 (0.67%) Equities
12 3 (0.67%) PKI
12 3 (0.67%) Self-Motivation
13 2 (0.44%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 99 (21.95%) Linux
2 37 (8.20%) Unix
3 34 (7.54%) Windows
4 23 (5.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (2.66%) Mac OS X
6 11 (2.44%) Android
7 8 (1.77%) Apple iOS
8 7 (1.55%) Windows Server
9 6 (1.33%) Solaris
9 6 (1.33%) Ubuntu
10 5 (1.11%) CentOS
11 2 (0.44%) VMS
12 1 (0.22%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.22%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.22%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 144 (31.93%) DevOps
2 135 (29.93%) Agile Software Development
3 101 (22.39%) Test Automation
4 86 (19.07%) Continuous Integration
5 82 (18.18%) TDD
6 56 (12.42%) Configuration Management
7 52 (11.53%) Software Engineering
8 45 (9.98%) BDD
9 43 (9.53%) Problem-Solving
10 40 (8.87%) Microservices
11 35 (7.76%) Scrum
12 34 (7.54%) Infrastructure as Code
13 33 (7.32%) Continuous Deployment
13 33 (7.32%) Open Source
14 28 (6.21%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 25 (5.54%) E-Commerce
16 24 (5.32%) Continuous Delivery
17 22 (4.88%) Mentoring
18 21 (4.66%) Front End Development
18 21 (4.66%) Infrastructure Automation
Programming Languages
1 201 (44.57%) Python
2 137 (30.38%) JavaScript
3 124 (27.49%) Java
4 110 (24.39%) Go
5 50 (11.09%) Bash Shell
6 47 (10.42%) Scala
7 42 (9.31%) PowerShell
8 37 (8.20%) SQL
9 32 (7.10%) C#
10 26 (5.76%) Perl
11 19 (4.21%) TypeScript
12 16 (3.55%) C
13 15 (3.33%) Rust
14 14 (3.10%) C++
15 12 (2.66%) PHP
16 11 (2.44%) Groovy
17 8 (1.77%) ES6
18 7 (1.55%) Apple Swift
19 6 (1.33%) Kotlin
20 4 (0.89%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 49 (10.86%) Security Cleared
2 43 (9.53%) SC Cleared
3 9 (2.00%) Degree
4 8 (1.77%) Cisco Certification
5 5 (1.11%) CCNA
6 4 (0.89%) CCNP
7 3 (0.67%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.44%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.44%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.44%) ISEB
8 2 (0.44%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.44%) RHCE
9 1 (0.22%) CISSP
9 1 (0.22%) CREST Certified
9 1 (0.22%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.22%) MCSE
9 1 (0.22%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.22%) RHCSA
9 1 (0.22%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (7.32%) QA
2 5 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 12207
3 3 (0.67%) WCAG
4 2 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials
4 2 (0.44%) GDPR
4 2 (0.44%) NCSC
4 2 (0.44%) NIST
5 1 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.22%) PMO
5 1 (0.22%) SLA
System Software
1 136 (30.16%) Docker
2 18 (3.99%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (2.88%) Active Directory
4 9 (2.00%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (1.11%) vSphere
6 4 (0.89%) Ceph
7 3 (0.67%) NFS
7 3 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.44%) HDFS
8 2 (0.44%) UAG
9 1 (0.22%) DFS Replication
9 1 (0.22%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.22%) IAG
9 1 (0.22%) KVM
9 1 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.22%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 99 (21.95%) Kubernetes
2 91 (20.18%) Terraform
3 68 (15.08%) Ansible
4 44 (9.76%) Puppet
5 42 (9.31%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (2.66%) Kibana
7 10 (2.22%) Consul
8 9 (2.00%) logstash
8 9 (2.00%) Prometheus
9 8 (1.77%) Mesos
10 6 (1.33%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (1.33%) Packer
11 5 (1.11%) Nagios
11 5 (1.11%) vRealize
12 4 (0.89%) Grafana
12 4 (0.89%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 3 (0.67%) FortiGate
13 3 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.67%) Istio
13 3 (0.67%) Marathon
Vendors
1 34 (7.54%) Red Hat
2 30 (6.65%) Google
3 28 (6.21%) Microsoft
4 18 (3.99%) VMware
5 16 (3.55%) Oracle
6 14 (3.10%) SAP
7 11 (2.44%) Atlassian
8 8 (1.77%) Splunk
9 6 (1.33%) Adobe
9 6 (1.33%) New Relic
10 5 (1.11%) EMC
10 5 (1.11%) SaltStack
11 4 (0.89%) AppDynamics
11 4 (0.89%) NetApp
11 4 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (0.89%) ServiceNow
11 4 (0.89%) Sybase
12 3 (0.67%) Arista
12 3 (0.67%) Black Duck
12 3 (0.67%) CyberArk