Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 339 257 166
Rank change year-on-year -82 -91 +9
Contract jobs citing Ruby 506 268 1,220
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.75% 0.98% 1.58%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.90% 2.29% 3.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 368 192 915
10th Percentile £372 £351 £390
25th Percentile £450 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £538
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -6.98% +2.38%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £618
90th Percentile £675 £638 £700
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £538
% change year-on-year +5.00% -6.98% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 6
10th Percentile £55.50 £20.63 £22.75
25th Percentile £61.88 £21.38 £25.00
Median hourly rate £75.00 £22.78 £25.75
Median % change year-on-year +229.31% -11.55% +14.44%
75th Percentile £78.75 £24.18 £27.75
90th Percentile £79.50 £24.94 £36.00
UK median hourly rate £75.00 £22.78 £25.75
% change year-on-year +229.31% -11.55% +14.44%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,697 11,715 32,586
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.71% 42.85% 42.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,528 8,325 23,146
10th Percentile £363 £311 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £488
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +1.54% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £598 £575
90th Percentile £713 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 399 240 580
10th Percentile £17.50 £11.17 £18.00
25th Percentile £25.38 £20.94 £33.81
Median hourly rate £45.50 £37.93 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +19.97% -15.72% +6.57%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £67.55 £55.78 £55.05
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £38.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year +18.18% -13.48% +6.15%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -82 343 £550 +4.76% 183
North of England -55 46 £505 +12.22% 52
North West -39 30 £505 +12.22% 20
South East -87 29 £475 +5.56% 27
South West -40 15 £500 +5.26% 23
Midlands -63 15 £483 +3.32% 26
Yorkshire -56 12 £525 +16.67% 26
East of England -50 11 £463 +43.41% 12
West Midlands -68 8 £525 +12.42% 24
East Midlands -33 7 £375 - 2
North East -8 4 £500 +0.30% 6
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 304 (60.08%) Python
2 197 (38.93%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (37.75%) Java
4 186 (36.76%) AWS
4 186 (36.76%) DevOps
5 153 (30.24%) JavaScript
6 152 (30.04%) Linux
7 140 (27.67%) Terraform
8 129 (25.49%) Ruby on Rails
9 124 (24.51%) Kubernetes
10 121 (23.91%) Git (software)
11 118 (23.32%) Bash Shell
12 117 (23.12%) Test Automation
12 117 (23.12%) Jenkins
13 116 (22.92%) Ansible
14 110 (21.74%) Go
15 109 (21.54%) Docker
16 101 (19.96%) Azure
17 97 (19.17%) Continuous Integration
18 95 (18.77%) Social Skills
19 86 (17.00%) Microservices
19 86 (17.00%) Node.js
20 83 (16.40%) TDD
21 79 (15.61%) Puppet
22 78 (15.42%) Scrum
23 75 (14.82%) GCP
24 74 (14.62%) Perl
25 71 (14.03%) HTML
26 70 (13.83%) PHP
27 69 (13.64%) Configuration Management

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (3.16%) Cloud Foundry
2 13 (2.57%) Confluence
2 13 (2.57%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (2.37%) nginx
4 11 (2.17%) CMS
5 8 (1.58%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.58%) Traefik
6 6 (1.19%) Apache Airflow
6 6 (1.19%) JBoss
7 5 (0.99%) Apache
7 5 (0.99%) Moodle
7 5 (0.99%) OpenStack
7 5 (0.99%) SharePoint
7 5 (0.99%) Totara
7 5 (0.99%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.79%) Drupal
8 4 (0.79%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.40%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (1.38%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.59%) Magento
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle 11i
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.20%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 186 (36.76%) AWS
2 101 (19.96%) Azure
3 75 (14.82%) GCP
4 47 (9.29%) GitHub
5 36 (7.11%) PaaS
6 25 (4.94%) IaaS
6 25 (4.94%) SaaS
7 24 (4.74%) AWS CloudFormation
8 22 (4.35%) Serverless
9 15 (2.96%) Heroku
10 14 (2.77%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (2.17%) Amazon SQS
12 10 (1.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 10 (1.98%) AWS IoT
12 10 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (1.78%) Amazon ECS
13 9 (1.78%) Cloud Computing
13 9 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 8 (1.58%) OpenShift
14 8 (1.58%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.55%) HTTP
2 22 (4.35%) DNS
3 19 (3.75%) TCP/IP
4 18 (3.56%) SAN
5 13 (2.57%) Network Security
6 12 (2.37%) HTTPS
7 11 (2.17%) Firewall
7 11 (2.17%) Internet
8 7 (1.38%) SSL
9 6 (1.19%) IPv4
10 5 (0.99%) LAN
10 5 (0.99%) WAN
11 3 (0.59%) IPsec
11 3 (0.59%) VPN
12 2 (0.40%) DSL
12 2 (0.40%) FTP
12 2 (0.40%) Kerberos
12 2 (0.40%) OpenVPN
12 2 (0.40%) SSH
13 1 (0.20%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (9.49%) PostgreSQL
2 28 (5.53%) MongoDB
3 26 (5.14%) NoSQL
4 25 (4.94%) MySQL
5 19 (3.75%) Big Data
5 19 (3.75%) Relational Database
6 12 (2.37%) SQL Server
7 11 (2.17%) Redis
8 9 (1.78%) Oracle Database
9 8 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 8 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
9 8 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (1.58%) Power BI
9 8 (1.58%) Tableau
10 7 (1.38%) Hadoop
11 6 (1.19%) Neo4j
11 6 (1.19%) SQL Server 2016
12 5 (0.99%) BigQuery
12 5 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
12 5 (0.99%) Impala
Development Applications
1 121 (23.91%) Git (software)
2 117 (23.12%) Jenkins
3 35 (6.92%) GitLab
4 30 (5.93%) JIRA
5 25 (4.94%) Bitbucket
5 25 (4.94%) Cucumber
5 25 (4.94%) Maven
5 25 (4.94%) Selenium
6 22 (4.35%) Subversion
7 21 (4.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 18 (3.56%) TeamCity
9 16 (3.16%) Postman
10 14 (2.77%) JUnit
11 12 (2.37%) RSpec
11 12 (2.37%) Sonatype Nexus
12 10 (1.98%) Appium
12 10 (1.98%) Artifactory
13 9 (1.78%) Gradle
13 9 (1.78%) SonarQube
14 8 (1.58%) webpack
General
1 95 (18.77%) Social Skills
2 56 (11.07%) Finance
3 35 (6.92%) Public Sector
4 26 (5.14%) Analytical Skills
5 19 (3.75%) Banking
6 16 (3.16%) Telecoms
7 14 (2.77%) Retail
8 13 (2.57%) Electronics
9 10 (1.98%) Manufacturing
9 10 (1.98%) Marketing
10 9 (1.78%) German Language
11 8 (1.58%) Presentation Skills
12 5 (0.99%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.99%) Military
12 5 (0.99%) Police
13 4 (0.79%) Games
14 3 (0.59%) Billing
14 3 (0.59%) French Language
14 3 (0.59%) Law
14 3 (0.59%) Legal
Job Titles
1 194 (38.34%) Developer
2 97 (19.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 73 (14.43%) Ruby Developer
4 42 (8.30%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 37 (7.31%) Senior Developer
6 27 (5.34%) Ruby Engineer
6 27 (5.34%) Senior Ruby Developer
6 27 (5.34%) Software Engineer
7 24 (4.74%) Administrator
8 22 (4.35%) AWS Engineer
8 22 (4.35%) Systems Administrator
8 22 (4.35%) Tester
9 20 (3.95%) Full Stack Developer
10 19 (3.75%) Architect
11 18 (3.56%) Java Developer
11 18 (3.56%) Site Engineer
11 18 (3.56%) Site Reliability Engineer
12 17 (3.36%) AWS DevOps
13 15 (2.96%) Cloud Engineer
14 13 (2.57%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 129 (25.49%) Ruby on Rails
2 86 (17.00%) Node.js
3 71 (14.03%) HTML
4 59 (11.66%) Web Services
5 56 (11.07%) React
6 55 (10.87%) CSS
7 44 (8.70%) RESTful
8 43 (8.50%) .NET
9 35 (6.92%) REST
10 27 (5.34%) AngularJS
11 26 (5.14%) JSON
12 22 (4.35%) Spring
13 18 (3.56%) Kafka
14 17 (3.36%) Elastic Stack
15 14 (2.77%) XML
16 12 (2.37%) Spring Boot
17 11 (2.17%) .NET Core
17 11 (2.17%) React Native
18 10 (1.98%) ASP.NET
18 10 (1.98%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 31 (6.13%) Public Cloud
2 23 (4.55%) Greenfield Project
3 21 (4.15%) Mobile App
4 19 (3.75%) Data Centre
5 14 (2.77%) Cloud Native
5 14 (2.77%) PKI
6 13 (2.57%) Clustering
6 13 (2.57%) User Experience
7 12 (2.37%) Blog
8 11 (2.17%) Data Protection Act
8 11 (2.17%) Management Information System
8 11 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
9 8 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
10 7 (1.38%) iPad
10 7 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.99%) Data Structures
11 5 (0.99%) Learning Management System
11 5 (0.99%) Private Cloud
12 4 (0.79%) Algorithms
12 4 (0.79%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 152 (30.04%) Linux
2 50 (9.88%) Unix
2 50 (9.88%) Windows
3 33 (6.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 21 (4.15%) Apple iOS
5 18 (3.56%) Android
5 18 (3.56%) Mac OS
6 15 (2.96%) Ubuntu
7 11 (2.17%) CentOS
8 10 (1.98%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.99%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.59%) Solaris
11 2 (0.40%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.20%) VMS
12 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 197 (38.93%) Agile Software Development
2 186 (36.76%) DevOps
3 117 (23.12%) Test Automation
4 97 (19.17%) Continuous Integration
5 86 (17.00%) Microservices
6 83 (16.40%) TDD
7 78 (15.42%) Scrum
8 69 (13.64%) Configuration Management
9 68 (13.44%) Infrastructure as Code
10 67 (13.24%) Software Engineering
11 56 (11.07%) Continuous Deployment
12 49 (9.68%) Problem-Solving
13 48 (9.49%) Computer Science
14 47 (9.29%) Full Stack Development
14 47 (9.29%) SDLC
15 42 (8.30%) Continuous Delivery
16 29 (5.73%) E-Commerce
17 28 (5.53%) Open Source
18 27 (5.34%) BDD
18 27 (5.34%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 304 (60.08%) Python
2 191 (37.75%) Java
3 153 (30.24%) JavaScript
4 118 (23.32%) Bash Shell
5 110 (21.74%) Go
6 74 (14.62%) Perl
7 70 (13.83%) PHP
8 66 (13.04%) C#
9 51 (10.08%) SQL
10 45 (8.89%) C++
10 45 (8.89%) PowerShell
11 34 (6.72%) Scala
12 26 (5.14%) Shell Script
13 25 (4.94%) C
14 21 (4.15%) Groovy
15 18 (3.56%) TypeScript
16 7 (1.38%) Objective-C
17 6 (1.19%) Rust
18 5 (0.99%) Java 8
18 5 (0.99%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 50 (9.88%) Degree
2 47 (9.29%) Security Cleared
3 41 (8.10%) SC Cleared
4 36 (7.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (2.37%) CREST Certified
6 11 (2.17%) SANS
7 9 (1.78%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.99%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.59%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.40%) CISSP
11 2 (0.40%) Tigerscheme
12 1 (0.20%) CCNA
12 1 (0.20%) CCSAS
12 1 (0.20%) CEH
12 1 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.20%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.20%) OSCP
12 1 (0.20%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (6.72%) QA
2 21 (4.15%) Accessibility
3 18 (3.56%) NCSC
4 11 (2.17%) WCAG
5 6 (1.19%) GDPR
6 4 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.20%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.20%) SOC 2
System Software
1 109 (21.54%) Docker
2 30 (5.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (1.58%) Active Directory
4 7 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.99%) HDFS
6 4 (0.79%) LXC
7 3 (0.59%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.40%) Ceph
8 2 (0.40%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.40%) iptables
8 2 (0.40%) KVM
8 2 (0.40%) NFS
8 2 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.40%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.20%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.20%) GeoWebCache
9 1 (0.20%) Platform Symphony
9 1 (0.20%) RHEV
9 1 (0.20%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 140 (27.67%) Terraform
2 124 (24.51%) Kubernetes
3 116 (22.92%) Ansible
4 79 (15.61%) Puppet
5 38 (7.51%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (4.55%) Prometheus
7 22 (4.35%) Packer
8 18 (3.56%) ZABBIX
9 14 (2.77%) Istio
10 11 (2.17%) Grafana
10 11 (2.17%) Kibana
11 10 (1.98%) Consul
11 10 (1.98%) linkerd
12 9 (1.78%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (1.58%) Graphite
13 8 (1.58%) HAProxy
13 8 (1.58%) Nessus
13 8 (1.58%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (1.38%) Nagios
15 5 (0.99%) logstash
Vendors
1 46 (9.09%) VMware
2 36 (7.11%) Google
3 29 (5.73%) Red Hat
4 28 (5.53%) Oracle
5 24 (4.74%) HP
6 20 (3.95%) Dell
7 19 (3.75%) SAP
8 18 (3.56%) Splunk
9 17 (3.36%) 3PAR
9 17 (3.36%) Microsoft
10 11 (2.17%) hybris
10 11 (2.17%) PagerDuty
11 9 (1.78%) IBM
11 9 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
11 9 (1.78%) SaltStack
12 5 (0.99%) Atlassian
12 5 (0.99%) New Relic
13 4 (0.79%) Alibaba
13 4 (0.79%) Automation Anywhere
13 4 (0.79%) Blue Prism