Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 308 229 189
Rank change year-on-year -79 -40 -32
Contract jobs citing Ruby 455 365 1,281
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.80% 1.12% 1.53%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.96% 2.67% 3.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 330 267 974
10th Percentile £358 £375 £400
25th Percentile £426 £431 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £505 £550
Median % change year-on-year +1.49% -8.18% +10.00%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £600
90th Percentile £644 £675 £688
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £538
% change year-on-year +2.50% -6.98% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 6 4
10th Percentile " £20.31 £21.93
25th Percentile £51.25 " £24.06
Median hourly rate £52.50 £20.50 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +156.10% -22.64% -41.11%
75th Percentile £53.75 " £38.31
90th Percentile " £22.98 £57.33
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £20.50 £26.50
% change year-on-year +156.10% -22.64% -41.11%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,216 13,647 35,858
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.62% 41.80% 42.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,669 9,755 25,318
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £518 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +3.53% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 409 243 590
10th Percentile £16.84 £15.35 £20.31
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.50 £34.25
Median hourly rate £42.81 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +0.73% -5.56% +9.76%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £51.25
90th Percentile £64.55 £60.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £44.96
% change year-on-year - -5.47% +11.01%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -78 301 £525 -2.78% 187
North of England -45 42 £463 -2.63% 71
North West -36 30 £425 -15.00% 40
South East -58 19 £438 -7.89% 29
Midlands -38 12 £495 -1.00% 39
East of England -1 11 £463 -2.73% 17
South West -27 11 £425 -5.56% 20
West Midlands -31 10 £525 +5.00% 30
Yorkshire -28 8 £500 +5.26% 24
North East -8 4 £500 +17.65% 7
East Midlands -15 2 £408 - 8
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 245 (53.85%) Python
2 165 (36.26%) DevOps
3 160 (35.16%) AWS
4 152 (33.41%) Java
5 142 (31.21%) Ruby on Rails
6 141 (30.99%) Agile Software Development
7 134 (29.45%) JavaScript
8 125 (27.47%) Docker
9 114 (25.05%) Kubernetes
9 114 (25.05%) Linux
10 109 (23.96%) Go
11 100 (21.98%) Terraform
12 95 (20.88%) Azure
13 94 (20.66%) Test Automation
13 94 (20.66%) Git (software)
13 94 (20.66%) Ansible
14 89 (19.56%) Social Skills
15 82 (18.02%) Node.js
16 80 (17.58%) Bash Shell
17 75 (16.48%) PostgreSQL
18 73 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
19 69 (15.16%) Configuration Management
20 66 (14.51%) Jenkins
21 65 (14.29%) Finance
21 65 (14.29%) React
22 62 (13.63%) TDD
22 62 (13.63%) HTML
23 60 (13.19%) Software Engineering
23 60 (13.19%) Puppet
24 58 (12.75%) GCP

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (3.52%) Cloud Foundry
1 16 (3.52%) Confluence
2 9 (1.98%) CMS
3 7 (1.54%) Apache Spark
3 7 (1.54%) OpenStack
4 6 (1.32%) Apache
4 6 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (1.32%) JBoss
5 5 (1.10%) Mule
5 5 (1.10%) SharePoint
6 4 (0.88%) Apache Airflow
6 4 (0.88%) nginx
7 3 (0.66%) IBM Domino
7 3 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
7 3 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.44%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.44%) Drupal
8 2 (0.44%) Luigi
8 2 (0.44%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.22%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 3 (0.66%) Figma
2 2 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.22%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.44%) Magento
3 1 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 160 (35.16%) AWS
2 95 (20.88%) Azure
3 58 (12.75%) GCP
4 53 (11.65%) GitHub
5 41 (9.01%) PaaS
6 29 (6.37%) IaaS
7 26 (5.71%) Serverless
8 25 (5.49%) SaaS
9 19 (4.18%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (2.86%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (2.64%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (2.64%) Heroku
12 11 (2.42%) OpenShift
13 9 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
13 9 (1.98%) Power Platform
14 8 (1.76%) Datadog
14 8 (1.76%) Microsoft 365
15 6 (1.32%) Amazon EKS
16 5 (1.10%) AWS CodePipeline
16 5 (1.10%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 31 (6.81%) HTTP
2 12 (2.64%) Firewall
3 11 (2.42%) SAN
4 8 (1.76%) Internet
5 7 (1.54%) DNS
5 7 (1.54%) TCP/IP
6 5 (1.10%) IPv4
6 5 (1.10%) LAN
6 5 (1.10%) SSL
6 5 (1.10%) WAN
7 4 (0.88%) Network Security
7 4 (0.88%) VPN
8 3 (0.66%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.44%) DSL
9 2 (0.44%) FTP
9 2 (0.44%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.44%) IPsec
9 2 (0.44%) OpenLDAP
9 2 (0.44%) OpenVPN
10 1 (0.22%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (16.48%) PostgreSQL
2 28 (6.15%) MySQL
3 22 (4.84%) Big Data
3 22 (4.84%) NoSQL
4 21 (4.62%) Relational Database
4 21 (4.62%) SQL Server
5 20 (4.40%) MongoDB
6 16 (3.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 15 (3.30%) Redis
8 12 (2.64%) Amazon Aurora
9 10 (2.20%) Apache Cassandra
10 9 (1.98%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.54%) Neo4j
11 7 (1.54%) Tableau
12 6 (1.32%) Oracle Database
12 6 (1.32%) Oracle Database 12c
12 6 (1.32%) SQL Server 2012
12 6 (1.32%) SQL Server 2014
12 6 (1.32%) SQL Server 2016
12 6 (1.32%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 94 (20.66%) Git (software)
2 66 (14.51%) Jenkins
3 27 (5.93%) Maven
3 27 (5.93%) RSpec
4 25 (5.49%) JIRA
5 23 (5.05%) Bitbucket
5 23 (5.05%) GitLab
6 21 (4.62%) Subversion
7 17 (3.74%) TeamCity
8 15 (3.30%) Cucumber
8 15 (3.30%) Visual Studio
9 14 (3.08%) Postman
10 13 (2.86%) Artifactory
10 13 (2.86%) IntelliJ
10 13 (2.86%) Selenium
11 11 (2.42%) Gradle
11 11 (2.42%) JUnit
12 10 (2.20%) Vagrant
12 10 (2.20%) Visual Studio Code
13 9 (1.98%) CircleCI
General
1 89 (19.56%) Social Skills
2 65 (14.29%) Finance
3 37 (8.13%) Public Sector
4 24 (5.27%) Banking
5 22 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
5 22 (4.84%) Telecoms
6 20 (4.40%) Electronics
7 16 (3.52%) Manufacturing
7 16 (3.52%) Marketing
8 13 (2.86%) German Language
9 9 (1.98%) Presentation Skills
10 7 (1.54%) French Language
11 5 (1.10%) Law
11 5 (1.10%) Retail
12 4 (0.88%) Investment Banking
12 4 (0.88%) Legal
12 4 (0.88%) Organisational Skills
13 3 (0.66%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.66%) Influencing Skills
14 2 (0.44%) Police
Job Titles
1 187 (41.10%) Developer
2 76 (16.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 76 (16.70%) Ruby Developer
3 52 (11.43%) Ruby on Rails Developer
4 36 (7.91%) Ruby Engineer
5 27 (5.93%) Senior Developer
5 27 (5.93%) Software Engineer
6 20 (4.40%) Site Reliability Engineer
7 18 (3.96%) Site Engineer
8 17 (3.74%) Consultant
9 15 (3.30%) Architect
9 15 (3.30%) AWS Engineer
9 15 (3.30%) React Developer
9 15 (3.30%) Senior Ruby Developer
10 14 (3.08%) JavaScript Developer
11 13 (2.86%) Administrator
11 13 (2.86%) Systems Administrator
12 12 (2.64%) Cloud Engineer
12 12 (2.64%) Java Developer
13 11 (2.42%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 142 (31.21%) Ruby on Rails
2 82 (18.02%) Node.js
3 65 (14.29%) React
4 62 (13.63%) HTML
5 55 (12.09%) Web Services
6 51 (11.21%) CSS
7 43 (9.45%) REST
8 40 (8.79%) .NET
9 35 (7.69%) RESTful
10 22 (4.84%) AngularJS
11 21 (4.62%) JSON
12 20 (4.40%) Spring
13 17 (3.74%) Spring Boot
14 14 (3.08%) Redux
14 14 (3.08%) SAML
15 13 (2.86%) Kafka
15 13 (2.86%) OAuth
15 13 (2.86%) React Native
15 13 (2.86%) Sidekiq
15 13 (2.86%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 21 (4.62%) Management Information System
1 21 (4.62%) Public Cloud
2 19 (4.18%) User Experience
3 13 (2.86%) Cloud Native
3 13 (2.86%) Mobile App
4 11 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
5 10 (2.20%) Virtual Team
6 9 (1.98%) Data Centre
7 8 (1.76%) Data Protection Act
7 8 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (1.54%) Hybrid Cloud
8 7 (1.54%) PKI
9 6 (1.32%) Data Structures
9 6 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
10 5 (1.10%) Clustering
10 5 (1.10%) Legacy Systems
11 3 (0.66%) Blog
11 3 (0.66%) Hedge funds
11 3 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
11 3 (0.66%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 114 (25.05%) Linux
2 40 (8.79%) Unix
3 37 (8.13%) Windows
4 20 (4.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 15 (3.30%) Mac OS X
6 14 (3.08%) Apple iOS
7 12 (2.64%) Android
8 9 (1.98%) Ubuntu
9 8 (1.76%) Solaris
10 7 (1.54%) Windows Server
11 5 (1.10%) CentOS
12 3 (0.66%) VMS
13 1 (0.22%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.22%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (36.26%) DevOps
2 141 (30.99%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (20.66%) Test Automation
4 73 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
5 69 (15.16%) Configuration Management
6 62 (13.63%) TDD
7 60 (13.19%) Software Engineering
8 57 (12.53%) Microservices
8 57 (12.53%) Problem-Solving
9 53 (11.65%) Infrastructure as Code
10 46 (10.11%) Scrum
11 38 (8.35%) Computer Science
11 38 (8.35%) Full Stack Development
11 38 (8.35%) Open Source
12 34 (7.47%) Clean Code
13 31 (6.81%) Continuous Delivery
13 31 (6.81%) Continuous Deployment
14 27 (5.93%) Business Intelligence
15 25 (5.49%) Information Security
15 25 (5.49%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 245 (53.85%) Python
2 152 (33.41%) Java
3 134 (29.45%) JavaScript
4 109 (23.96%) Go
5 80 (17.58%) Bash Shell
6 52 (11.43%) C#
7 47 (10.33%) PowerShell
8 46 (10.11%) SQL
9 43 (9.45%) Perl
9 43 (9.45%) PHP
9 43 (9.45%) Scala
10 26 (5.71%) C++
11 25 (5.49%) TypeScript
12 14 (3.08%) C
13 13 (2.86%) Groovy
14 10 (2.20%) Kotlin
14 10 (2.20%) Shell Script
15 7 (1.54%) ES6
16 6 (1.32%) Java 8
16 6 (1.32%) Rust
Qualifications
1 40 (8.79%) Degree
2 34 (7.47%) Security Cleared
3 30 (6.59%) SC Cleared
4 23 (5.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.54%) Master's Degree
6 5 (1.10%) CCNA
6 5 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.66%) CISSP
7 3 (0.66%) GCIA
7 3 (0.66%) GIAC
8 2 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.44%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.44%) EnCE
8 2 (0.44%) GCFE
8 2 (0.44%) GCIH
8 2 (0.44%) GREM
8 2 (0.44%) OSCP
8 2 (0.44%) Postgraduate
8 2 (0.44%) RHCE
9 1 (0.22%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (8.35%) QA
2 5 (1.10%) GDPR
3 4 (0.88%) Accessibility
4 3 (0.66%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.66%) WCAG
5 2 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.44%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.22%) SLA
6 1 (0.22%) SOC 1
6 1 (0.22%) SOC 2
System Software
1 125 (27.47%) Docker
2 21 (4.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (2.20%) Active Directory
4 9 (1.98%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (0.88%) HDFS
5 4 (0.88%) Virtual Desktop
5 4 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.44%) Ceph
7 2 (0.44%) iptables
7 2 (0.44%) KVM
7 2 (0.44%) NFS
7 2 (0.44%) Platform Symphony
7 2 (0.44%) vSphere
8 1 (0.22%) GlusterFS
8 1 (0.22%) IAG
8 1 (0.22%) RHEV
8 1 (0.22%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.22%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.22%) Xen
Systems Management
1 114 (25.05%) Kubernetes
2 100 (21.98%) Terraform
3 94 (20.66%) Ansible
4 60 (13.19%) Puppet
5 32 (7.03%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (2.64%) Packer
7 11 (2.42%) Prometheus
8 10 (2.20%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (1.76%) Grafana
9 8 (1.76%) Istio
10 6 (1.32%) Nagios
10 6 (1.32%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 5 (1.10%) Consul
11 5 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (1.10%) ZABBIX
12 4 (0.88%) linkerd
12 4 (0.88%) Mesos
12 4 (0.88%) QRadar
13 3 (0.66%) Kibana
13 3 (0.66%) logstash
Vendors
1 33 (7.25%) Google
2 28 (6.15%) Red Hat
3 27 (5.93%) Oracle
3 27 (5.93%) VMware
4 25 (5.49%) Microsoft
5 22 (4.84%) SAP
6 14 (3.08%) HP
6 14 (3.08%) Splunk
7 12 (2.64%) IBM
8 11 (2.42%) 3PAR
8 11 (2.42%) Dell
9 10 (2.20%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (1.76%) Atlassian
10 8 (1.76%) EMC
11 6 (1.32%) SaltStack
11 6 (1.32%) Sybase
12 5 (1.10%) BMC
12 5 (1.10%) NetApp
12 5 (1.10%) ServiceNow
13 4 (0.88%) Blue Prism