Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 232 175 174
Rank change year-on-year -57 -1 -48
Contract jobs citing Ruby 273 1,250 1,512
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.05% 1.56% 1.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.45% 3.67% 3.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 202 945 1,043
Median daily rate £500 £538 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.98% +4.88% +2.50%
10th Percentile £325 £378 £375
90th Percentile £638 £700 £654
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £514
% change year-on-year -4.76% +2.19% +2.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 9 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.08% -24.29% +18.05%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +32.08% -24.29% +18.05%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,127 34,040 41,836
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.92% 42.52% 44.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,459 23,827 29,719
Median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £319
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.11% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 290 601 646
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +6.47% +5.66%
10th Percentile £13.00 £19.25 £17.71
90th Percentile £54.07 £56.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.15% +4.61%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -67 181 £530 -3.64% 149
North of England +32 38 £450 -7.69% 48
South East +109 24 £450 -10.00% 16
North West +52 19 £450 +2.86% 22
Yorkshire +31 13 £475 -5.00% 21
Midlands +76 8 £467 -11.05% 21
West Midlands +69 7 £467 -15.01% 14
North East +28 6 £425 -19.05% 5
South West +45 5 £438 -20.45% 12
East of England +61 4 £325 -27.78% 10
East Midlands +43 1 - - 7
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 164 (60.07%) Python
2 110 (40.29%) DevOps
3 106 (38.83%) AWS
4 92 (33.70%) Java
4 92 (33.70%) Linux
4 92 (33.70%) Agile Software Development
5 80 (29.30%) Docker
6 78 (28.57%) Kubernetes
7 76 (27.84%) SQL
8 72 (26.37%) Bash Shell
9 61 (22.34%) JavaScript
9 61 (22.34%) Terraform
10 57 (20.88%) Ruby on Rails
11 55 (20.15%) Ansible
12 53 (19.41%) Jenkins
13 52 (19.05%) Azure
13 52 (19.05%) Git (software)
13 52 (19.05%) Test Automation
14 51 (18.68%) Puppet
15 45 (16.48%) Node.js
16 42 (15.38%) Security Cleared
17 41 (15.02%) Go
17 41 (15.02%) Continuous Integration
17 41 (15.02%) Scrum
17 41 (15.02%) Oracle
18 40 (14.65%) Perl
18 40 (14.65%) MySQL
19 38 (13.92%) Unix
20 36 (13.19%) Tomcat
20 36 (13.19%) Infrastructure as Code

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (13.19%) Tomcat
2 29 (10.62%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (5.86%) Apache
4 12 (4.40%) Confluence
5 10 (3.66%) Apache Spark
6 8 (2.93%) nginx
7 7 (2.56%) Apache Solr
8 6 (2.20%) JBoss
9 5 (1.83%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (1.83%) Jetty
9 5 (1.83%) MQSeries
9 5 (1.83%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 5 (1.83%) Red Hat Fuse
9 5 (1.83%) WebLogic
10 4 (1.47%) OpenStack
11 3 (1.10%) Appian
11 3 (1.10%) IIS
11 3 (1.10%) WordPress
12 2 (0.73%) CMS
12 2 (0.73%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 8 (2.93%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.37%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.83%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.47%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (1.10%) Oracle 11i
3 3 (1.10%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.73%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.37%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 106 (38.83%) AWS
2 52 (19.05%) Azure
3 31 (11.36%) GitHub
4 28 (10.26%) GCP
5 23 (8.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 19 (6.96%) Serverless
7 18 (6.59%) Datadog
8 12 (4.40%) Amazon Cognito
9 11 (4.03%) Amazon S3
9 11 (4.03%) AWS Lambda
10 8 (2.93%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (2.93%) Amazon SQS
10 8 (2.93%) SaaS
10 8 (2.93%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 6 (2.20%) AWS CloudTrail
11 6 (2.20%) AWS CodePipeline
11 6 (2.20%) IaaS
11 6 (2.20%) PaaS
11 6 (2.20%) Route 53
12 5 (1.83%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 18 (6.59%) DNS
1 18 (6.59%) Firewall
2 11 (4.03%) HTTP
3 8 (2.93%) SSL
4 7 (2.56%) Internet
5 5 (1.83%) SSH
5 5 (1.83%) TCP/IP
5 5 (1.83%) VPN
6 3 (1.10%) DHCP
7 2 (0.73%) iSCSI
7 2 (0.73%) OpenVPN
7 2 (0.73%) SAN
7 2 (0.73%) VLAN
8 1 (0.37%) Fibre Channel
8 1 (0.37%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.37%) Skype
8 1 (0.37%) SMTP
8 1 (0.37%) SNMP
8 1 (0.37%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (14.65%) MySQL
2 30 (10.99%) Big Data
2 30 (10.99%) PostgreSQL
3 23 (8.42%) MongoDB
4 22 (8.06%) SQL Server
5 15 (5.49%) Hadoop
6 14 (5.13%) Apache Cassandra
7 10 (3.66%) Amazon RDS
8 9 (3.30%) Redis
9 7 (2.56%) NoSQL
9 7 (2.56%) Oracle Database
9 7 (2.56%) Presto
10 6 (2.20%) BigQuery
10 6 (2.20%) Relational Database
10 6 (2.20%) SQL Server 2016
11 2 (0.73%) Amazon Aurora
11 2 (0.73%) Oracle Database 11g
11 2 (0.73%) Oracle Database 12c
11 2 (0.73%) Power BI
11 2 (0.73%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 53 (19.41%) Jenkins
2 52 (19.05%) Git (software)
3 20 (7.33%) Selenium
4 14 (5.13%) Cucumber
4 14 (5.13%) JIRA
5 13 (4.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 12 (4.40%) GitLab
7 11 (4.03%) Sonatype Nexus
8 10 (3.66%) Bitbucket
8 10 (3.66%) GoCD
8 10 (3.66%) Octopus Deploy
9 9 (3.30%) SonarQube
10 7 (2.56%) Hudson
10 7 (2.56%) JUnit
10 7 (2.56%) Maven
10 7 (2.56%) Subversion
11 6 (2.20%) IBM UrbanCode
11 6 (2.20%) Spinnaker
11 6 (2.20%) Vagrant
12 5 (1.83%) Leiningen
General
1 25 (9.16%) Public Sector
2 16 (5.86%) Finance
3 11 (4.03%) Telecoms
4 6 (2.20%) Electronics
5 4 (1.47%) Banking
5 4 (1.47%) Law
5 4 (1.47%) Marketing
6 3 (1.10%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.10%) Retail
7 1 (0.37%) Automotive
7 1 (0.37%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.37%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 89 (32.60%) Developer
2 58 (21.25%) DevOps Engineer
3 40 (14.65%) Ruby Developer
4 24 (8.79%) Architect
5 20 (7.33%) AWS Engineer
6 19 (6.96%) Applications Support
7 18 (6.59%) Support Engineer
8 17 (6.23%) Applications Engineer
9 16 (5.86%) Applications Support Engineer
9 16 (5.86%) Ruby on Rails Developer
10 15 (5.49%) Python Engineer
11 13 (4.76%) AWS DevOps
11 13 (4.76%) Cloud Engineer
11 13 (4.76%) Operations Engineer
12 12 (4.40%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 11 (4.03%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 10 (3.66%) Analyst
14 10 (3.66%) Linux Engineer
14 10 (3.66%) Site Engineer
15 9 (3.30%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 57 (20.88%) Ruby on Rails
2 45 (16.48%) Node.js
3 26 (9.52%) React
4 23 (8.42%) HTML
5 21 (7.69%) LAMP
5 21 (7.69%) Web Services
6 16 (5.86%) Sensu
7 15 (5.49%) RabbitMQ
8 14 (5.13%) AngularJS
8 14 (5.13%) HTML5
8 14 (5.13%) JSON
9 13 (4.76%) RESTful
10 12 (4.40%) .NET
10 12 (4.40%) CSS
10 12 (4.40%) jQuery
11 11 (4.03%) Kafka
12 8 (2.93%) Elastic Stack
12 8 (2.93%) Memcached
12 8 (2.93%) TensorFlow
13 7 (2.56%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 19 (6.96%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (6.59%) Linux Command Line
3 10 (3.66%) Management Information System
3 10 (3.66%) User Experience
4 7 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
5 6 (2.20%) Cloud Native
5 6 (2.20%) Public Cloud
6 5 (1.83%) Analytical Mindset
6 5 (1.83%) Derivative
6 5 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (1.47%) Clustering
8 3 (1.10%) Data Centre
8 3 (1.10%) Mobile App
9 2 (0.73%) Cyberthreat
9 2 (0.73%) Hybrid Cloud
9 2 (0.73%) Private Cloud
9 2 (0.73%) Replication
9 2 (0.73%) Self-Motivation
10 1 (0.37%) PKI
10 1 (0.37%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 92 (33.70%) Linux
2 38 (13.92%) Unix
3 32 (11.72%) Windows
4 15 (5.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (4.40%) Debian
6 11 (4.03%) CentOS
7 10 (3.66%) Apple iOS
8 8 (2.93%) Ubuntu
9 7 (2.56%) Android
9 7 (2.56%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (2.20%) Mac OS X
10 6 (2.20%) Windows Server
11 4 (1.47%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.37%) Fedora
12 1 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 110 (40.29%) DevOps
2 92 (33.70%) Agile Software Development
3 52 (19.05%) Test Automation
4 41 (15.02%) Continuous Integration
4 41 (15.02%) Scrum
5 36 (13.19%) Infrastructure as Code
6 32 (11.72%) Microservices
7 31 (11.36%) TDD
8 29 (10.62%) Configuration Management
9 25 (9.16%) Continuous Delivery
9 25 (9.16%) ITIL
10 24 (8.79%) Deployment Automation
10 24 (8.79%) Performance Monitoring
11 20 (7.33%) Root Cause Analysis
12 19 (6.96%) E-Commerce
13 18 (6.59%) Cybersecurity
13 18 (6.59%) Kanban
14 15 (5.49%) Continuous Improvement
15 14 (5.13%) BDD
15 14 (5.13%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 164 (60.07%) Python
2 92 (33.70%) Java
3 76 (27.84%) SQL
4 72 (26.37%) Bash Shell
5 61 (22.34%) JavaScript
6 41 (15.02%) Go
7 40 (14.65%) Perl
8 30 (10.99%) Scala
9 25 (9.16%) C++
10 22 (8.06%) PowerShell
11 20 (7.33%) PHP
12 19 (6.96%) C#
13 16 (5.86%) Groovy
14 13 (4.76%) PL/SQL
15 11 (4.03%) Shell Script
16 10 (3.66%) C
17 7 (2.56%) T-SQL
18 5 (1.83%) Clojure
18 5 (1.83%) ClojureScript
18 5 (1.83%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 42 (15.38%) Security Cleared
2 30 (10.99%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.76%) Degree
4 12 (4.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.93%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (2.93%) Master's Degree
6 5 (1.83%) DBS Check
7 3 (1.10%) AWS Certification
7 3 (1.10%) ISEB
7 3 (1.10%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.73%) Network+ Certification
9 1 (0.37%) MCITP
9 1 (0.37%) MCSE
9 1 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.37%) NCDA
9 1 (0.37%) RHCE
9 1 (0.37%) RHCT
9 1 (0.37%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (5.86%) QA
2 8 (2.93%) PCI DSS
3 6 (2.20%) Cyber Essentials
3 6 (2.20%) GDPR
3 6 (2.20%) HIPAA
3 6 (2.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (2.20%) SLA
4 1 (0.37%) SEPA
System Software
1 80 (29.30%) Docker
2 8 (2.93%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (1.10%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 2 (0.73%) LXC
5 2 (0.73%) NFS
5 2 (0.73%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.73%) PowerDNS
5 2 (0.73%) Varnish
5 2 (0.73%) vCloud
5 2 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.73%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.37%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.37%) HDFS
6 1 (0.37%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 78 (28.57%) Kubernetes
2 61 (22.34%) Terraform
3 55 (20.15%) Ansible
4 51 (18.68%) Puppet
5 35 (12.82%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (10.62%) Nagios
7 13 (4.76%) Kibana
8 12 (4.40%) Rundeck
9 10 (3.66%) Packer
10 8 (2.93%) Salt
11 7 (2.56%) Prometheus
12 6 (2.20%) ZABBIX
13 5 (1.83%) Grafana
14 4 (1.47%) logstash
15 3 (1.10%) Consul
15 3 (1.10%) Pacemaker
16 2 (0.73%) Data Guard
16 2 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
16 2 (0.73%) HAProxy
16 2 (0.73%) vMotion
Vendors
1 41 (15.02%) Oracle
2 29 (10.62%) Splunk
3 16 (5.86%) Red Hat
4 14 (5.13%) Google
5 13 (4.76%) Microsoft
5 13 (4.76%) SaltStack
6 11 (4.03%) Atlassian
7 8 (2.93%) Sybase
8 7 (2.56%) Adobe
8 7 (2.56%) Cloudera
9 6 (2.20%) CA
9 6 (2.20%) VMware
10 5 (1.83%) Axway
10 5 (1.83%) Hortonworks
10 5 (1.83%) MuleSoft
10 5 (1.83%) Sparx
11 4 (1.47%) Nimsoft
12 3 (1.10%) CyberArk
12 3 (1.10%) New Relic
12 3 (1.10%) Salesforce.com