Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 146 108 95
Rank change year-on-year -38 -13 +40
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,745 2,001 2,484
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.85% 2.28% 2.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.19% 5.49% 6.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,190 1,471 1,844
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +8.57%
10th Percentile £375 £355 £327
90th Percentile £650 £610 £606
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 3 10
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £10.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +300.00% -75.00%
10th Percentile £12.65 £39.00 £8.95
90th Percentile £73.75 £62.25 £38.08
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £10.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% +300.00% -81.98%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,612 36,475 39,592
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.08% 41.59% 38.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,371 25,128 27,492
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £280
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £444 £425
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.47% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 744 758 855
England median hourly rate £41.50 £41.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +10.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £17.50 £16.54 £14.13
90th Percentile £53.38 £53.75 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +9.33% +7.14%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -38 1,037 £525 +5.00% 302
North of England -12 291 £448 -0.56% 115
South East -4 243 £488 +2.63% 87
North West +53 127 £498 +2.05% 55
Yorkshire -41 115 £425 -10.53% 45
East of England +23 71 £450 - 36
Midlands -77 52 £525 +7.33% 30
North East -31 49 £364 +1.04% 15
South West -22 43 £500 +11.11% 43
West Midlands -69 35 £525 +7.14% 18
East Midlands -12 15 £425 -10.53% 12
South Coast - 2 - -
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,128 (64.64%) Python
2 928 (53.18%) DevOps
3 866 (49.63%) Agile Software Development
4 842 (48.25%) Linux
5 745 (42.69%) Java
6 744 (42.64%) Amazon AWS
7 670 (38.40%) Jenkins
8 583 (33.41%) Git (software)
9 579 (33.18%) Puppet
10 556 (31.86%) Docker
11 499 (28.60%) Ansible
12 481 (27.56%) Continuous Integration
13 455 (26.07%) Bash Shell
14 442 (25.33%) Configuration Management
15 432 (24.76%) JavaScript
16 410 (23.50%) TDD
17 394 (22.58%) Opscode Chef
18 390 (22.35%) Test Automation
19 389 (22.29%) Perl
20 379 (21.72%) Open Source
21 378 (21.66%) Kubernetes
22 355 (20.34%) Ruby on Rails
23 346 (19.83%) Terraform
24 259 (14.84%) MySQL
25 255 (14.61%) PostgreSQL
26 251 (14.38%) Finance
27 243 (13.93%) SQL
28 235 (13.47%) Microsoft Azure
29 228 (13.07%) HTML
30 225 (12.89%) CSS

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (6.99%) nginx
2 109 (6.25%) Confluence
3 101 (5.79%) Apache
4 82 (4.70%) Tomcat
5 81 (4.64%) Cloud Foundry
6 69 (3.95%) Elasticsearch
7 49 (2.81%) Apache Spark
8 46 (2.64%) OpenStack
9 30 (1.72%) JBoss
10 23 (1.32%) Apache Pig
10 23 (1.32%) CMS
10 23 (1.32%) WebSphere
11 21 (1.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 18 (1.03%) WebLogic
13 16 (0.92%) IIS
14 14 (0.80%) Ethereum
15 13 (0.74%) Hyperledger
16 11 (0.63%) Jetty
16 11 (0.63%) Tuxedo
17 10 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 14 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.63%) HipChat
3 1 (0.057%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.057%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.057%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (0.63%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.23%) Magento
2 4 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.11%) Shopify
4 1 (0.057%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.057%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.057%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.057%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 744 (42.64%) Amazon AWS
2 235 (13.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (9.00%) GitHub
4 100 (5.73%) Amazon EC2
4 100 (5.73%) PaaS
5 96 (5.50%) AWS CloudFormation
6 88 (5.04%) OpenShift
7 83 (4.76%) Cloud Computing
8 80 (4.58%) Google Cloud Platform
9 76 (4.36%) IaaS
10 75 (4.30%) Amazon S3
11 54 (3.09%) Serverless
12 52 (2.98%) Heroku
13 44 (2.52%) Datadog
14 42 (2.41%) AWS Lambda
14 42 (2.41%) SaaS
15 33 (1.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 32 (1.83%) npm
17 30 (1.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 25 (1.43%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 166 (9.51%) TCP/IP
2 157 (9.00%) HTTP
3 125 (7.16%) SSL
4 124 (7.11%) DNS
5 98 (5.62%) Firewall
6 52 (2.98%) Internet
7 29 (1.66%) SMS
8 20 (1.15%) VPN
9 16 (0.92%) FTP
10 14 (0.80%) DHCP
11 12 (0.69%) ICMP
12 11 (0.63%) Software-Defined Networking
13 9 (0.52%) Broadband
14 7 (0.40%) BGP
14 7 (0.40%) DVB
14 7 (0.40%) MPLS
14 7 (0.40%) OSPF
14 7 (0.40%) RTMP
15 5 (0.29%) Reverse Proxy
15 5 (0.29%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (14.84%) MySQL
2 255 (14.61%) PostgreSQL
3 205 (11.75%) MongoDB
4 174 (9.97%) NoSQL
5 103 (5.90%) Relational Database
6 87 (4.99%) Redis
7 68 (3.90%) Big Data
7 68 (3.90%) SQL Server
8 55 (3.15%) Hadoop
9 54 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
10 37 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
11 31 (1.78%) Amazon Redshift
11 31 (1.78%) Blockchain
12 28 (1.60%) HBase
13 24 (1.38%) Apache Hive
14 23 (1.32%) RDBMS
15 20 (1.15%) Oracle Database
16 19 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 16 (0.92%) InfluxDB
17 16 (0.92%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 670 (38.40%) Jenkins
2 583 (33.41%) Git (software)
3 212 (12.15%) JIRA
4 148 (8.48%) Selenium
4 148 (8.48%) Sonatype Nexus
5 127 (7.28%) Artifactory
6 118 (6.76%) Cucumber
7 87 (4.99%) Subversion
8 75 (4.30%) GitLab
9 72 (4.13%) Vagrant
10 70 (4.01%) JUnit
11 61 (3.50%) SonarQube
12 60 (3.44%) Maven
12 60 (3.44%) TeamCity
13 56 (3.21%) Ant
14 53 (3.04%) RSpec
15 47 (2.69%) Hudson
16 45 (2.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 43 (2.46%) Bitbucket
18 36 (2.06%) Gerrit
General
1 251 (14.38%) Finance
2 103 (5.90%) Banking
3 36 (2.06%) Marketing
4 33 (1.89%) Retail
5 26 (1.49%) Telecoms
6 25 (1.43%) Law
7 24 (1.38%) Financial Institution
7 24 (1.38%) Games
8 20 (1.15%) Front Office
9 18 (1.03%) Investment Banking
10 13 (0.74%) Manufacturing
11 11 (0.63%) Automotive
12 10 (0.57%) Electronics
12 10 (0.57%) Publishing
13 6 (0.34%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.23%) Back Office
15 3 (0.17%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.17%) Russian Language
16 2 (0.11%) Digital Economy
16 2 (0.11%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 610 (34.96%) DevOps Engineer
2 543 (31.12%) Developer
3 237 (13.58%) AWS Engineer
4 210 (12.03%) AWS DevOps
5 186 (10.66%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 136 (7.79%) Ruby Developer
7 129 (7.39%) Ruby on Rails Developer
8 93 (5.33%) Cloud Engineer
9 91 (5.21%) Senior DevOps
10 89 (5.10%) Architect
10 89 (5.10%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 75 (4.30%) Java Developer
12 74 (4.24%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 68 (3.90%) Scala Developer
14 64 (3.67%) Ruby Engineer
15 55 (3.15%) Linux Engineer
16 50 (2.87%) Tester
17 49 (2.81%) Senior Developer
18 48 (2.75%) Consultant
19 46 (2.64%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 355 (20.34%) Ruby on Rails
2 228 (13.07%) HTML
3 225 (12.89%) CSS
4 200 (11.46%) Node.js
5 191 (10.95%) Web Services
6 178 (10.20%) Elastic Stack
7 177 (10.14%) JSON
8 169 (9.68%) REST
9 144 (8.25%) RESTful
10 120 (6.88%) React
11 114 (6.53%) AngularJS
12 109 (6.25%) Spring
13 94 (5.39%) XML
14 88 (5.04%) HTML5
15 85 (4.87%) Play Framework
16 83 (4.76%) jQuery
17 81 (4.64%) RabbitMQ
18 78 (4.47%) .NET
19 70 (4.01%) Django
20 62 (3.55%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 96 (5.50%) Greenfield Project
1 96 (5.50%) Linux Command Line
2 77 (4.41%) Fintech
3 52 (2.98%) Computer Science
3 52 (2.98%) Data Centre
4 51 (2.92%) iPad
5 49 (2.81%) Analytical Skills
6 45 (2.58%) User Experience
7 44 (2.52%) Public Cloud
8 43 (2.46%) Mobile App
9 28 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
10 22 (1.26%) Virtual Team
11 19 (1.09%) Cloud Native
12 15 (0.86%) Bitcoin
13 12 (0.69%) Credit Risk
13 12 (0.69%) Enterprise Cloud
14 11 (0.63%) Derivative
15 10 (0.57%) Hybrid Cloud
15 10 (0.57%) Replication
16 9 (0.52%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 842 (48.25%) Linux
2 214 (12.26%) Unix
3 180 (10.32%) Windows
4 133 (7.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 70 (4.01%) CentOS
6 61 (3.50%) Ubuntu
7 38 (2.18%) Mac OS X
8 29 (1.66%) Debian
9 27 (1.55%) Apple iOS
10 25 (1.43%) Android
11 22 (1.26%) Solaris
12 19 (1.09%) Windows Server
13 17 (0.97%) AIX
14 10 (0.57%) CoreOS
14 10 (0.57%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.29%) Fedora
15 5 (0.29%) SUSE
16 4 (0.23%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 3 (0.17%) HPUX
17 3 (0.17%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 928 (53.18%) DevOps
2 866 (49.63%) Agile Software Development
3 481 (27.56%) Continuous Integration
4 442 (25.33%) Configuration Management
5 410 (23.50%) TDD
6 390 (22.35%) Test Automation
7 379 (21.72%) Open Source
8 221 (12.66%) Scrum
9 197 (11.29%) Microservices
10 185 (10.60%) Continuous Delivery
11 161 (9.23%) BDD
12 146 (8.37%) Deployment Automation
13 139 (7.97%) Software Engineering
14 138 (7.91%) E-Commerce
15 113 (6.48%) Problem-Solving
16 110 (6.30%) Load Balancing
16 110 (6.30%) Mentoring
17 100 (5.73%) Kanban
18 91 (5.21%) High Availability
19 90 (5.16%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 1,128 (64.64%) Python
2 745 (42.69%) Java
3 455 (26.07%) Bash Shell
4 432 (24.76%) JavaScript
5 389 (22.29%) Perl
6 243 (13.93%) SQL
7 218 (12.49%) Go
8 168 (9.63%) Scala
9 160 (9.17%) Groovy
10 136 (7.79%) C++
11 131 (7.51%) C#
11 131 (7.51%) PHP
12 113 (6.48%) PowerShell
13 105 (6.02%) C
14 93 (5.33%) Shell Script
15 35 (2.01%) Java 8
16 25 (1.43%) ES6
16 25 (1.43%) R
17 22 (1.26%) Haskell
17 22 (1.26%) Korn
Qualifications
1 179 (10.26%) Security Cleared
2 147 (8.42%) SC Cleared
3 87 (4.99%) Degree
4 52 (2.98%) BPSS Clearance
5 33 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (1.72%) AWS Certification
7 13 (0.74%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.63%) ISTQB
9 10 (0.57%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.40%) CESG Certified Professional
10 7 (0.40%) IISP
10 7 (0.40%) ISEB
11 6 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.29%) CCNA
12 5 (0.29%) CISMP
12 5 (0.29%) RHCE
13 4 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
14 3 (0.17%) CREST Certified
14 3 (0.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (4.87%) QA
2 37 (2.12%) GCP
3 4 (0.23%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.057%) GDPR
4 1 (0.057%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.057%) WCAG
System Software
1 556 (31.86%) Docker
2 37 (2.12%) etcd
2 37 (2.12%) flannel
3 35 (2.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (0.97%) Active Directory
6 14 (0.80%) HDFS
6 14 (0.80%) VirtualBox
7 13 (0.74%) KVM
8 12 (0.69%) Ceph
9 11 (0.63%) Firmware
9 11 (0.63%) Xen
10 10 (0.57%) GlusterFS
10 10 (0.57%) LXC
11 9 (0.52%) SkyDNS
12 6 (0.34%) vSphere
13 5 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 5 (0.29%) NFS
13 5 (0.29%) vCloud
13 5 (0.29%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 579 (33.18%) Puppet
2 499 (28.60%) Ansible
3 394 (22.58%) Opscode Chef
4 378 (21.66%) Kubernetes
5 346 (19.83%) Terraform
6 106 (6.07%) Packer
7 94 (5.39%) Kibana
8 90 (5.16%) Nagios
9 82 (4.70%) logstash
10 74 (4.24%) Mesos
11 73 (4.18%) HAProxy
12 70 (4.01%) Salt
13 69 (3.95%) Grafana
14 57 (3.27%) Consul
15 41 (2.35%) ZABBIX
16 38 (2.18%) Prometheus
17 30 (1.72%) rkt
18 28 (1.60%) Rancher
19 24 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
20 22 (1.26%) Graphite
Vendors
1 128 (7.34%) Google
2 122 (6.99%) Red Hat
3 103 (5.90%) Splunk
4 95 (5.44%) New Relic
5 93 (5.33%) Oracle
6 73 (4.18%) VMware
7 66 (3.78%) Microsoft
8 46 (2.64%) Atlassian
9 44 (2.52%) IBM
10 41 (2.35%) SaltStack
11 34 (1.95%) Adobe
12 26 (1.49%) PagerDuty
13 22 (1.26%) hybris
14 20 (1.15%) AppDynamics
15 17 (0.97%) SAP
16 15 (0.86%) Rackspace
17 12 (0.69%) Cisco
18 11 (0.63%) Cloudera
18 11 (0.63%) NetApp
18 11 (0.63%) Perforce