Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 174 130 90
Rank change year-on-year -44 -40 +31
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,512 1,778 2,530
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.61% 1.97% 2.58%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.57% 4.69% 6.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,011 1,295 1,839
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £395 £369 £338
90th Percentile £660 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +6.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 2
England median hourly rate £35.00 £29.65 £10.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.05% +196.48% +25.00%
10th Percentile £14.03 £16.64 £8.60
90th Percentile £73.75 £41.58 £12.20
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.65 £10.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% +196.48% +25.00%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,314 37,945 39,545
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.92% 41.94% 40.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,982 26,532 27,456
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £285
90th Percentile £650 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 658 745 842
England median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.66% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £17.43 £16.30 £14.27
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.45 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -31 928 £541 +5.61% 384
South East -57 190 £500 - 71
North of England -32 176 £475 +10.21% 107
Midlands -33 89 £450 -5.26% 42
East of England +15 84 £475 +5.56% 46
North West +4 73 £500 +6.38% 50
West Midlands -4 69 £450 -8.00% 24
Yorkshire -50 69 £475 +11.76% 46
South West -29 36 £475 +9.70% 40
North East -3 34 £375 - 11
East Midlands -21 19 £400 -7.51% 18
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 946 (62.57%) Python
2 790 (52.25%) DevOps
3 762 (50.40%) Agile Software Development
4 717 (47.42%) Linux
5 645 (42.66%) Java
6 625 (41.34%) Amazon AWS
7 571 (37.76%) Jenkins
8 517 (34.19%) Git (software)
9 505 (33.40%) Docker
10 491 (32.47%) Puppet
11 445 (29.43%) Continuous Integration
12 417 (27.58%) JavaScript
13 410 (27.12%) Ansible
14 381 (25.20%) Perl
15 380 (25.13%) Configuration Management
16 375 (24.80%) Test Automation
17 358 (23.68%) Bash Shell
18 356 (23.54%) Ruby on Rails
19 355 (23.48%) TDD
20 348 (23.02%) Terraform
21 335 (22.16%) Opscode Chef
22 302 (19.97%) Kubernetes
23 299 (19.78%) Open Source
24 229 (15.15%) Scrum
25 227 (15.01%) SQL
25 227 (15.01%) Go
26 216 (14.29%) Windows
27 212 (14.02%) CSS
28 211 (13.96%) Microsoft Azure
29 207 (13.69%) Microservices

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (8.27%) nginx
2 123 (8.13%) Apache
3 106 (7.01%) Confluence
4 99 (6.55%) Tomcat
5 58 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
6 44 (2.91%) Cloud Foundry
6 44 (2.91%) OpenStack
7 35 (2.31%) Apache Spark
8 29 (1.92%) WebSphere
9 24 (1.59%) IIS
9 24 (1.59%) WebLogic
10 23 (1.52%) JBoss
10 23 (1.52%) Tuxedo
11 20 (1.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 20 (1.32%) Jetty
11 20 (1.32%) Mongrel
12 16 (1.06%) Apache Solr
13 13 (0.86%) CMS
14 12 (0.79%) Apache Pig
15 8 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
2 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.066%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.066%) HipChat
3 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.066%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.20%) Shopify
3 1 (0.066%) Magento
3 1 (0.066%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.066%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 625 (41.34%) Amazon AWS
2 211 (13.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 189 (12.50%) GitHub
4 119 (7.87%) AWS CloudFormation
5 95 (6.28%) Amazon EC2
6 86 (5.69%) Google Cloud Platform
7 81 (5.36%) Amazon S3
8 69 (4.56%) PaaS
9 68 (4.50%) OpenShift
10 60 (3.97%) IaaS
11 59 (3.90%) Google Analytics
12 57 (3.77%) Cloud Computing
13 55 (3.64%) Serverless
14 45 (2.98%) Heroku
15 43 (2.84%) SaaS
16 38 (2.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 37 (2.45%) Amazon ELB
18 35 (2.31%) Datadog
19 32 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
20 28 (1.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 184 (12.17%) HTTP
2 129 (8.53%) TCP/IP
3 96 (6.35%) SSL
4 94 (6.22%) DNS
5 64 (4.23%) Firewall
6 49 (3.24%) Internet
7 16 (1.06%) MPLS
7 16 (1.06%) Software-Defined Networking
8 15 (0.99%) BIG-IP
9 13 (0.86%) DVB
10 12 (0.79%) FTP
10 12 (0.79%) VPN
11 10 (0.66%) Broadband
11 10 (0.66%) Skype
11 10 (0.66%) SMS
12 9 (0.60%) BGP
12 9 (0.60%) DHCP
12 9 (0.60%) OSPF
12 9 (0.60%) Unicast
13 7 (0.46%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (13.56%) PostgreSQL
2 204 (13.49%) MongoDB
3 201 (13.29%) MySQL
4 182 (12.04%) NoSQL
5 94 (6.22%) Relational Database
6 65 (4.30%) Redis
7 58 (3.84%) Big Data
8 52 (3.44%) Apache Cassandra
9 51 (3.37%) Hadoop
10 35 (2.31%) SQL Server
11 29 (1.92%) Amazon RDS
12 28 (1.85%) HBase
13 22 (1.46%) Amazon Redshift
14 21 (1.39%) InfluxDB
15 18 (1.19%) MariaDB
16 15 (0.99%) Apache Hive
16 15 (0.99%) Blockchain
16 15 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
17 14 (0.93%) Oracle Database
17 14 (0.93%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 571 (37.76%) Jenkins
2 517 (34.19%) Git (software)
3 193 (12.76%) JIRA
4 169 (11.18%) Selenium
5 141 (9.33%) Cucumber
6 104 (6.88%) Artifactory
7 89 (5.89%) Subversion
8 82 (5.42%) Ant
9 80 (5.29%) Sonatype Nexus
10 79 (5.22%) Vagrant
11 78 (5.16%) JUnit
12 67 (4.43%) GitLab
13 66 (4.37%) Gatling
13 66 (4.37%) TeamCity
14 63 (4.17%) IntelliJ
15 58 (3.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 55 (3.64%) Bitbucket
16 55 (3.64%) Maven
17 53 (3.51%) Hudson
18 51 (3.37%) gulp
General
1 201 (13.29%) Finance
2 103 (6.81%) Banking
3 43 (2.84%) Retail
4 32 (2.12%) Financial Institution
5 31 (2.05%) Marketing
6 25 (1.65%) Telecoms
7 24 (1.59%) Law
8 16 (1.06%) Front Office
9 12 (0.79%) Investment Banking
10 8 (0.53%) Games
11 7 (0.46%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.40%) Aerospace
13 5 (0.33%) Advertising
13 5 (0.33%) Automotive
14 4 (0.26%) Back Office
14 4 (0.26%) Legal
14 4 (0.26%) Publishing
15 3 (0.20%) Electronics
15 3 (0.20%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.20%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 527 (34.85%) Developer
2 511 (33.80%) DevOps Engineer
3 172 (11.38%) AWS Engineer
4 155 (10.25%) AWS DevOps
5 143 (9.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 137 (9.06%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 128 (8.47%) Ruby Developer
8 84 (5.56%) Scala Developer
9 71 (4.70%) Cloud Engineer
10 68 (4.50%) Senior DevOps
10 68 (4.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 67 (4.43%) Java Developer
12 60 (3.97%) Architect
13 48 (3.17%) Agile Developer
13 48 (3.17%) Linux Engineer
13 48 (3.17%) Operations Engineer
14 43 (2.84%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 42 (2.78%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 37 (2.45%) Ruby Engineer
17 36 (2.38%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 356 (23.54%) Ruby on Rails
2 212 (14.02%) CSS
3 189 (12.50%) HTML
3 189 (12.50%) Node.js
4 188 (12.43%) REST
5 182 (12.04%) Web Services
6 172 (11.38%) JSON
7 148 (9.79%) RESTful
8 114 (7.54%) Spring
9 113 (7.47%) Elastic Stack
10 100 (6.61%) Play Framework
11 93 (6.15%) AngularJS
12 89 (5.89%) HTML5
13 81 (5.36%) Django
14 79 (5.22%) React
15 76 (5.03%) XML
16 74 (4.89%) SOAP
17 69 (4.56%) jQuery
18 67 (4.43%) Gherkin
19 64 (4.23%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 83 (5.49%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (4.83%) Linux Command Line
3 54 (3.57%) Fintech
4 48 (3.17%) Data Centre
5 46 (3.04%) Public Cloud
6 41 (2.71%) Computer Science
7 36 (2.38%) Mobile App
8 34 (2.25%) Analytical Skills
8 34 (2.25%) User Experience
9 33 (2.18%) Self-Motivation
10 23 (1.52%) Enterprise Cloud
11 22 (1.46%) Hybrid Cloud
12 19 (1.26%) Replication
13 18 (1.19%) iPad
13 18 (1.19%) Virtual Team
14 17 (1.12%) PKI
15 13 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
16 12 (0.79%) Embedded Systems
16 12 (0.79%) IPTV
16 12 (0.79%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 717 (47.42%) Linux
2 216 (14.29%) Windows
3 175 (11.57%) Unix
4 93 (6.15%) Ubuntu
5 71 (4.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 62 (4.10%) CentOS
7 32 (2.12%) Solaris
8 29 (1.92%) Windows Server
9 28 (1.85%) Debian
10 24 (1.59%) Apple iOS
11 22 (1.46%) CoreOS
12 20 (1.32%) Fedora
12 20 (1.32%) Mac OS X
13 17 (1.12%) Android
14 16 (1.06%) Mac OS
14 16 (1.06%) SUSE
14 16 (1.06%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 7 (0.46%) AIX
16 3 (0.20%) VME
17 2 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 790 (52.25%) DevOps
2 762 (50.40%) Agile Software Development
3 445 (29.43%) Continuous Integration
4 380 (25.13%) Configuration Management
5 375 (24.80%) Test Automation
6 355 (23.48%) TDD
7 299 (19.78%) Open Source
8 229 (15.15%) Scrum
9 207 (13.69%) Microservices
10 173 (11.44%) Continuous Delivery
11 164 (10.85%) BDD
12 131 (8.66%) Problem-Solving
13 119 (7.87%) Analytics
14 112 (7.41%) Deployment Automation
15 109 (7.21%) Software Engineering
16 106 (7.01%) Continuous Deployment
17 104 (6.88%) Kanban
18 103 (6.81%) E-Commerce
19 94 (6.22%) Migration
19 94 (6.22%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 946 (62.57%) Python
2 645 (42.66%) Java
3 417 (27.58%) JavaScript
4 381 (25.20%) Perl
5 358 (23.68%) Bash Shell
6 227 (15.01%) Go
6 227 (15.01%) SQL
7 192 (12.70%) Scala
8 131 (8.66%) Groovy
9 122 (8.07%) C#
10 99 (6.55%) PowerShell
11 95 (6.28%) Shell Script
12 91 (6.02%) C++
13 90 (5.95%) C
14 73 (4.83%) PHP
15 45 (2.98%) Haskell
16 21 (1.39%) ES6
16 21 (1.39%) Java 8
17 14 (0.93%) Apple Swift
17 14 (0.93%) R
Qualifications
1 129 (8.53%) Security Cleared
2 111 (7.34%) SC Cleared
3 56 (3.70%) Degree
4 44 (2.91%) BPSS Clearance
5 23 (1.52%) AWS Certification
5 23 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (0.79%) ISTQB
7 9 (0.60%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.40%) ISEB
8 6 (0.40%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.20%) MCSA
10 3 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.13%) CCNA
11 2 (0.13%) CEH
11 2 (0.13%) CREST Certified
11 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.13%) OSCP
11 2 (0.13%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (5.36%) QA
2 9 (0.60%) Data Quality
2 9 (0.60%) GDPR
3 4 (0.26%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 505 (33.40%) Docker
2 45 (2.98%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (2.12%) etcd
3 32 (2.12%) flannel
4 29 (1.92%) VirtualBox
5 23 (1.52%) Active Directory
6 18 (1.19%) HDFS
7 15 (0.99%) Ceph
8 13 (0.86%) GlusterFS
8 13 (0.86%) Hyper-V
8 13 (0.86%) SkyDNS
9 12 (0.79%) Xen
10 10 (0.66%) KVM
11 9 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
12 7 (0.46%) LXC
12 7 (0.46%) vSphere
13 4 (0.26%) Firmware
13 4 (0.26%) Squid
14 3 (0.20%) Apache Flume
15 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 491 (32.47%) Puppet
2 410 (27.12%) Ansible
3 348 (23.02%) Terraform
4 335 (22.16%) Opscode Chef
5 302 (19.97%) Kubernetes
6 119 (7.87%) Kibana
7 108 (7.14%) Nagios
8 94 (6.22%) Packer
9 82 (5.42%) Grafana
9 82 (5.42%) Salt
10 63 (4.17%) logstash
11 62 (4.10%) Mesos
12 58 (3.84%) ZABBIX
13 55 (3.64%) Prometheus
14 43 (2.84%) Consul
15 41 (2.71%) HAProxy
16 40 (2.65%) Graphite
17 31 (2.05%) rkt
18 24 (1.59%) CFEngine
18 24 (1.59%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 181 (11.97%) Google
2 122 (8.07%) Red Hat
3 118 (7.80%) Splunk
4 96 (6.35%) VMware
5 94 (6.22%) New Relic
6 83 (5.49%) Oracle
7 67 (4.43%) Microsoft
8 47 (3.11%) Adobe
9 39 (2.58%) IBM
10 32 (2.12%) AppDynamics
11 30 (1.98%) PagerDuty
11 30 (1.98%) SaltStack
12 25 (1.65%) Atlassian
13 24 (1.59%) hybris
14 19 (1.26%) F5
15 17 (1.12%) NetApp
16 14 (0.93%) Huawei
16 14 (0.93%) Rackspace
17 12 (0.79%) CheckPoint
17 12 (0.79%) webMethods