Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 195 184 122
Rank change year-on-year -11 -62 -20
Contract jobs citing Ruby 597 1,347 1,951
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.38% 1.61% 2.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.35% 3.72% 4.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 464 978 1,436
Median daily rate £525 £538 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +7.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £413 £366
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 10
Median hourly rate £20.50 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.95% +7.69% -7.14%
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £52.50 £48.75
% change year-on-year -60.95% +7.69% -7.14%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,835 36,206 39,926
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.37% 43.20% 43.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,153 25,323 28,104
Median daily rate £500 £484 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.31% +1.89% +6.74%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +7.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 380 606 728
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -1.20%
10th Percentile £18.25 £18.07 £17.52
90th Percentile £56.03 £54.38 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -3.61%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 390 £550 - 79
North of England +12 97 £475 -9.52% 29
North West +54 61 £500 +5.26% 24
South East +47 51 £450 - 22
South West -30 27 £500 -9.09% 15
Yorkshire -6 24 £475 -9.52% 2
Midlands +37 14 £424 -13.52% 6
North East +13 12 £360 -31.43% 3
West Midlands +51 11 £424 -15.25% 5
East of England +13 10 £463 +2.83% 6
East Midlands +24 3 - - 1
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 289 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
2 281 (47.07%) Python
3 247 (41.37%) DevOps
4 226 (37.86%) Ruby on Rails
5 222 (37.19%) AWS
6 199 (33.33%) JavaScript
7 170 (28.48%) Java
8 142 (23.79%) Docker
9 135 (22.61%) Linux
10 131 (21.94%) Kubernetes
11 129 (21.61%) Terraform
12 120 (20.10%) Git (software)
13 119 (19.93%) TDD
14 110 (18.43%) Ansible
15 99 (16.58%) Bash Shell
15 99 (16.58%) Jenkins
16 96 (16.08%) Continuous Integration
17 94 (15.75%) CSS
18 91 (15.24%) HTML
19 90 (15.08%) PostgreSQL
19 90 (15.08%) Test Automation
20 89 (14.91%) Puppet
21 87 (14.57%) Go
22 84 (14.07%) SQL
23 82 (13.74%) Configuration Management
24 79 (13.23%) Opscode Chef
24 79 (13.23%) Infrastructure as Code
25 75 (12.56%) GitHub
26 74 (12.40%) Azure
27 65 (10.89%) Node.js

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (7.54%) Elasticsearch
2 26 (4.36%) Apache Spark
3 25 (4.19%) Apache
3 25 (4.19%) Tomcat
4 14 (2.35%) nginx
5 13 (2.18%) Confluence
6 7 (1.17%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.01%) Apache Solr
7 6 (1.01%) WinCC
8 5 (0.84%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.50%) ArcGIS
9 3 (0.50%) Drupal
9 3 (0.50%) JBoss
9 3 (0.50%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.50%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.34%) IIS
10 2 (0.34%) Jetty
10 2 (0.34%) SAS
10 2 (0.34%) WildFly
Applications
1 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.67%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.34%) Sketch
4 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 2 (0.34%) Shopify
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.17%) Magento
2 1 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 222 (37.19%) AWS
2 75 (12.56%) GitHub
3 74 (12.40%) Azure
4 46 (7.71%) Serverless
5 44 (7.37%) GCP
6 39 (6.53%) AWS Lambda
6 39 (6.53%) PaaS
7 35 (5.86%) AWS CloudFormation
8 24 (4.02%) Amazon EC2
9 22 (3.69%) Amazon S3
10 21 (3.52%) SaaS
11 18 (3.02%) IaaS
12 14 (2.35%) Route 53
13 13 (2.18%) Cloud Computing
14 12 (2.01%) Datadog
14 12 (2.01%) Heroku
15 10 (1.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 10 (1.68%) OpenShift
16 9 (1.51%) Amazon EKS
16 9 (1.51%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 36 (6.03%) HTTP
2 28 (4.69%) DNS
3 23 (3.85%) SSL
4 17 (2.85%) TCP/IP
5 16 (2.68%) Firewall
6 10 (1.68%) VPN
7 8 (1.34%) Kerberos
8 5 (0.84%) Internet
9 4 (0.67%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.67%) Skype
10 3 (0.50%) MPLS
10 3 (0.50%) SSH
11 2 (0.34%) NAS
11 2 (0.34%) OpenVPN
11 2 (0.34%) SAN
11 2 (0.34%) Software-Defined Networking
11 2 (0.34%) tcpdump
11 2 (0.34%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.17%) BGP
12 1 (0.17%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (15.08%) PostgreSQL
2 51 (8.54%) NoSQL
3 49 (8.21%) MySQL
4 38 (6.37%) Big Data
5 37 (6.20%) MongoDB
5 37 (6.20%) SQL Server
6 35 (5.86%) Redis
7 25 (4.19%) Hadoop
8 17 (2.85%) Relational Database
9 15 (2.51%) Apache Hive
9 15 (2.51%) HBase
10 14 (2.35%) Apache Cassandra
11 10 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 10 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
12 8 (1.34%) Amazon Redshift
12 8 (1.34%) RDBMS
12 8 (1.34%) SQL Server 2016
12 8 (1.34%) Sqoop
13 7 (1.17%) Data Lake
14 5 (0.84%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 120 (20.10%) Git (software)
2 99 (16.58%) Jenkins
3 50 (8.38%) JIRA
4 42 (7.04%) Travis CI
5 41 (6.87%) RSpec
6 25 (4.19%) Selenium
7 24 (4.02%) Cucumber
8 19 (3.18%) TeamCity
9 18 (3.02%) CircleCI
10 15 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 15 (2.51%) GitLab
11 14 (2.35%) Sonatype Nexus
12 13 (2.18%) Subversion
13 11 (1.84%) Bitbucket
14 8 (1.34%) SonarQube
14 8 (1.34%) Visual Studio Team System
15 7 (1.17%) Visual Studio
16 6 (1.01%) Grunt
16 6 (1.01%) Maven
16 6 (1.01%) Mocha
General
1 53 (8.88%) Public Sector
2 31 (5.19%) Finance
3 17 (2.85%) Marketing
4 12 (2.01%) Telecoms
5 9 (1.51%) Banking
5 9 (1.51%) Retail
6 8 (1.34%) Legal
7 7 (1.17%) Law
7 7 (1.17%) Manufacturing
8 6 (1.01%) Advertising
9 5 (0.84%) Electronics
10 3 (0.50%) Publishing
11 1 (0.17%) Automotive
11 1 (0.17%) Back Office
11 1 (0.17%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.17%) Local Government
11 1 (0.17%) Social Housing
Job Titles
1 287 (48.07%) Developer
2 119 (19.93%) DevOps Engineer
3 114 (19.10%) Ruby Developer
4 89 (14.91%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 44 (7.37%) AWS Engineer
6 42 (7.04%) Platform Engineer
7 33 (5.53%) Senior Developer
8 31 (5.19%) AWS DevOps
9 30 (5.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 29 (4.86%) Architect
11 25 (4.19%) Ruby Engineer
12 23 (3.85%) Cloud Engineer
13 22 (3.69%) Senior DevOps
13 22 (3.69%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 20 (3.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 18 (3.02%) AWS Developer
15 18 (3.02%) Azure Engineer
15 18 (3.02%) Software Engineer
16 17 (2.85%) Full Stack Developer
17 16 (2.68%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (37.86%) Ruby on Rails
2 94 (15.75%) CSS
3 91 (15.24%) HTML
4 65 (10.89%) Node.js
5 58 (9.72%) Web Services
6 32 (5.36%) React
7 31 (5.19%) .NET
7 31 (5.19%) Kafka
7 31 (5.19%) REST
8 29 (4.86%) JSON
9 28 (4.69%) RESTful
10 27 (4.52%) Elastic Stack
11 26 (4.36%) Vue.js
12 22 (3.69%) XML
13 20 (3.35%) AngularJS
14 18 (3.02%) HTML5
15 17 (2.85%) Redux
16 16 (2.68%) jQuery
16 16 (2.68%) Spring
17 14 (2.35%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 33 (5.53%) Greenfield Project
2 20 (3.35%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (3.18%) User Experience
4 17 (2.85%) BYOD
5 15 (2.51%) Linux Command Line
6 13 (2.18%) Data Centre
7 11 (1.84%) Public Cloud
8 7 (1.17%) Enterprise Cloud
8 7 (1.17%) Private Cloud
8 7 (1.17%) SCADA
9 6 (1.01%) Cloud Native
9 6 (1.01%) Management Information System
9 6 (1.01%) PKI
9 6 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (0.84%) Algorithms
11 4 (0.67%) Hybrid Cloud
11 4 (0.67%) Robotics
12 3 (0.50%) Clustering
12 3 (0.50%) Mobile App
12 3 (0.50%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 135 (22.61%) Linux
2 44 (7.37%) Windows
3 29 (4.86%) Unix
4 15 (2.51%) Windows Server
5 8 (1.34%) Windows Server 2016
6 6 (1.01%) Apple iOS
6 6 (1.01%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.84%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.84%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.67%) CentOS
9 3 (0.50%) Android
10 1 (0.17%) Debian
10 1 (0.17%) Solaris
10 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 289 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
2 247 (41.37%) DevOps
3 119 (19.93%) TDD
4 96 (16.08%) Continuous Integration
5 90 (15.08%) Test Automation
6 82 (13.74%) Configuration Management
7 79 (13.23%) Infrastructure as Code
8 65 (10.89%) Scrum
9 56 (9.38%) Microservices
10 55 (9.21%) Open Source
11 50 (8.38%) Continuous Delivery
12 48 (8.04%) Software Engineering
13 34 (5.70%) Mentoring
13 34 (5.70%) Migration
14 33 (5.53%) Front End Development
15 32 (5.36%) Problem-Solving
16 31 (5.19%) Continuous Deployment
16 31 (5.19%) Kanban
17 29 (4.86%) BDD
18 27 (4.52%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 281 (47.07%) Python
2 199 (33.33%) JavaScript
3 170 (28.48%) Java
4 99 (16.58%) Bash Shell
5 87 (14.57%) Go
6 84 (14.07%) SQL
7 56 (9.38%) Perl
8 46 (7.71%) Scala
9 45 (7.54%) C#
9 45 (7.54%) PHP
10 43 (7.20%) PowerShell
11 41 (6.87%) C++
12 30 (5.03%) Groovy
13 20 (3.35%) C
14 16 (2.68%) Shell Script
15 11 (1.84%) Haskell
16 9 (1.51%) TypeScript
17 7 (1.17%) Rust
18 6 (1.01%) ES6
18 6 (1.01%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 47 (7.87%) Security Cleared
2 19 (3.18%) SC Cleared
3 17 (2.85%) BC Cleared
4 15 (2.51%) BPSS Clearance
5 12 (2.01%) Degree
6 7 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.01%) Postgraduate
8 3 (0.50%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.50%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.34%) CHECK Team Member
9 2 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.34%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.34%) MCSA
10 1 (0.17%) CCNA
10 1 (0.17%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (6.70%) QA
2 6 (1.01%) Data Quality
2 6 (1.01%) GDPR
2 6 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (1.01%) NCSC
3 5 (0.84%) Cyber Essentials
3 5 (0.84%) HIPAA
4 4 (0.67%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.50%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.34%) SLA
6 2 (0.34%) WCAG
System Software
1 142 (23.79%) Docker
2 12 (2.01%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.68%) HDFS
4 6 (1.01%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.50%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.34%) vSphere
7 1 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.17%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.17%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 1 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.17%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 131 (21.94%) Kubernetes
2 129 (21.61%) Terraform
3 110 (18.43%) Ansible
4 89 (14.91%) Puppet
5 79 (13.23%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (4.36%) Nagios
7 17 (2.85%) Docker Swarm
7 17 (2.85%) Salt
8 15 (2.51%) Packer
9 11 (1.84%) Kibana
10 10 (1.68%) Prometheus
11 9 (1.51%) SCCM
12 7 (1.17%) Grafana
12 7 (1.17%) HP SiteScope
12 7 (1.17%) Oozie
13 6 (1.01%) Ambari
13 6 (1.01%) Consul
13 6 (1.01%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (1.01%) Rancher
13 6 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 42 (7.04%) Google
1 42 (7.04%) Oracle
1 42 (7.04%) Splunk
2 34 (5.70%) Microsoft
3 14 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
4 11 (1.84%) CA
5 10 (1.68%) New Relic
6 9 (1.51%) EnterpriseDB
7 8 (1.34%) Lets Encrypt
8 7 (1.17%) Atlassian
8 7 (1.17%) Red Hat
9 6 (1.01%) Apiary
9 6 (1.01%) Cloudera
9 6 (1.01%) Hortonworks
10 5 (0.84%) Facebook
10 5 (0.84%) PeopleSoft
10 5 (0.84%) SaltStack
10 5 (0.84%) Sybase
10 5 (0.84%) VMware
11 4 (0.67%) SAP