Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 179 127 107
Rank change year-on-year -52 -20 -12
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,321 1,819 1,970
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.59% 1.98% 2.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.69% 4.52% 5.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 961 1,268 1,456
England median daily rate £538 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £350
90th Percentile £675 £650 £600
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 12 3
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% - +64.95%
10th Percentile £23.40 £12.58 £39.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £73.75 £62.25
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% - +64.95%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,847 40,245 35,105
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.06% 43.75% 41.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,072 28,270 24,185
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
% change year-on-year +3.26% +5.14% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 639 725 759
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.61% - +7.79%
10th Percentile £19.60 £17.52 £17.70
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.88 £41.50
% change year-on-year +5.20% -1.51% +9.21%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby in England over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in England

Ruby
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the England region over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -21 835 £550 +4.76% 115
North of England -30 190 £500 +11.17% 53
Yorkshire +13 110 £525 +23.53% 24
South East -101 109 £450 -5.26% 40
South West +1 95 £538 +8.04% 24
North West -39 58 £450 -5.26% 26
East of England -22 46 £500 +11.11% 16
Midlands +5 45 £488 -3.94% 16
East Midlands +35 24 £488 +14.71% 8
North East +3 22 £550 +51.20% 3
West Midlands -17 21 £525 - 8
Ruby
UK

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ruby.

1 799 (60.48%) Python
2 705 (53.37%) Agile Software Development
3 611 (46.25%) DevOps
4 528 (39.97%) Linux
5 526 (39.82%) Java
6 487 (36.87%) Amazon AWS
7 452 (34.22%) JavaScript
8 393 (29.75%) Jenkins
9 375 (28.39%) Docker
10 365 (27.63%) TDD
11 363 (27.48%) Git (software)
12 353 (26.72%) Ruby on Rails
13 341 (25.81%) Continuous Integration
14 330 (24.98%) Ansible
15 287 (21.73%) Kubernetes
16 283 (21.42%) Bash Shell
17 263 (19.91%) Puppet
18 261 (19.76%) Terraform
19 257 (19.45%) Configuration Management
20 249 (18.85%) Test Automation
21 248 (18.77%) HTML
22 241 (18.24%) Microsoft Azure
23 232 (17.56%) Opscode Chef
24 226 (17.11%) CSS
25 220 (16.65%) Scrum
26 216 (16.35%) Node.js
27 207 (15.67%) Go
28 189 (14.31%) PostgreSQL
29 179 (13.55%) Perl
29 179 (13.55%) JIRA

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (6.66%) nginx
2 76 (5.75%) Confluence
3 71 (5.37%) Apache
4 58 (4.39%) Cloud Foundry
5 57 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
6 52 (3.94%) Tomcat
7 40 (3.03%) Apache Spark
8 29 (2.20%) WebSphere
9 24 (1.82%) JBoss
10 23 (1.74%) OpenStack
11 12 (0.91%) IIS
11 12 (0.91%) SAS
11 12 (0.91%) WebLogic
12 8 (0.61%) Drupal
12 8 (0.61%) Jetty
13 7 (0.53%) CMS
13 7 (0.53%) lighttpd
14 5 (0.38%) Umbraco
15 4 (0.30%) ColdFusion
15 4 (0.30%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.30%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.15%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.15%) InVision
3 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.15%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.076%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.076%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 12 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.38%) Magento
3 3 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.15%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.15%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.076%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.076%) CSG Singleview
5 1 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.076%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.076%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.076%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 487 (36.87%) Amazon AWS
2 241 (18.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 128 (9.69%) Google Cloud Platform
4 119 (9.01%) GitHub
5 84 (6.36%) AWS CloudFormation
6 70 (5.30%) Serverless
7 59 (4.47%) Amazon EC2
8 48 (3.63%) AWS Lambda
9 45 (3.41%) Amazon S3
9 45 (3.41%) OpenShift
10 44 (3.33%) PaaS
11 40 (3.03%) Cloud Computing
12 37 (2.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 34 (2.57%) IaaS
14 32 (2.42%) Amazon ECS
15 29 (2.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 24 (1.82%) Amazon Kinesis
17 23 (1.74%) npm
18 22 (1.67%) Datadog
19 16 (1.21%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 95 (7.19%) HTTP
2 54 (4.09%) TCP/IP
3 42 (3.18%) SSL
4 36 (2.73%) Firewall
5 30 (2.27%) DNS
6 20 (1.51%) Internet
7 11 (0.83%) VPN
8 10 (0.76%) FTP
8 10 (0.76%) SSH
9 8 (0.61%) Wireshark
10 7 (0.53%) Broadband
11 6 (0.45%) AMQP
11 6 (0.45%) SMTP
12 5 (0.38%) DHCP
12 5 (0.38%) tcpdump
12 5 (0.38%) VoIP
13 4 (0.30%) IPsec
13 4 (0.30%) Kerberos
14 3 (0.23%) IMAP
14 3 (0.23%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (14.31%) PostgreSQL
2 148 (11.20%) NoSQL
3 118 (8.93%) MongoDB
4 117 (8.86%) MySQL
5 84 (6.36%) Big Data
6 76 (5.75%) Relational Database
7 53 (4.01%) Hadoop
8 42 (3.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 34 (2.57%) SQL Server
10 33 (2.50%) Redis
11 25 (1.89%) RDBMS
12 20 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
13 19 (1.44%) Apache Hive
14 17 (1.29%) HBase
15 16 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
16 13 (0.98%) Amazon Athena
17 9 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
17 9 (0.68%) Neo4j
18 6 (0.45%) Blockchain
18 6 (0.45%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 393 (29.75%) Jenkins
2 363 (27.48%) Git (software)
3 179 (13.55%) JIRA
4 73 (5.53%) Selenium
5 65 (4.92%) Cucumber
6 57 (4.31%) JUnit
7 50 (3.79%) Subversion
8 49 (3.71%) Artifactory
8 49 (3.71%) TeamCity
9 48 (3.63%) GitLab
9 48 (3.63%) Maven
10 36 (2.73%) gulp
11 35 (2.65%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 34 (2.57%) Bitbucket
12 34 (2.57%) Gradle
13 32 (2.42%) Vagrant
14 31 (2.35%) RSpec
14 31 (2.35%) Sonatype Nexus
15 28 (2.12%) Ant
16 26 (1.97%) Hudson
General
1 134 (10.14%) Finance
2 34 (2.57%) Retail
3 33 (2.50%) Banking
4 19 (1.44%) Telecoms
5 16 (1.21%) Marketing
6 13 (0.98%) Games
7 9 (0.68%) Legal
8 8 (0.61%) Manufacturing
9 7 (0.53%) Advertising
9 7 (0.53%) Law
10 6 (0.45%) Electronics
11 5 (0.38%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.38%) German Language
12 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.23%) Publishing
14 2 (0.15%) Billing
14 2 (0.15%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.15%) Military
14 2 (0.15%) Private Banking
15 1 (0.076%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 548 (41.48%) Developer
2 324 (24.53%) DevOps Engineer
3 205 (15.52%) Ruby Developer
4 112 (8.48%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 104 (7.87%) Architect
6 76 (5.75%) AWS Engineer
7 68 (5.15%) AWS DevOps
8 62 (4.69%) Java Developer
9 61 (4.62%) Python Developer
10 59 (4.47%) Senior Developer
11 56 (4.24%) Technical Architect
12 55 (4.16%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 53 (4.01%) Cloud Engineer
14 46 (3.48%) Senior DevOps
15 39 (2.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 39 (2.95%) Scala Developer
15 39 (2.95%) Senior Ruby Developer
16 36 (2.73%) Ruby Engineer
17 33 (2.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 33 (2.50%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 353 (26.72%) Ruby on Rails
2 248 (18.77%) HTML
3 226 (17.11%) CSS
4 216 (16.35%) Node.js
5 127 (9.61%) Web Services
6 122 (9.24%) RESTful
7 106 (8.02%) JSON
8 104 (7.87%) REST
9 102 (7.72%) React
10 100 (7.57%) .NET
11 91 (6.89%) Spring
12 71 (5.37%) Kafka
13 66 (5.00%) jQuery
14 64 (4.84%) AngularJS
15 55 (4.16%) HTML5
15 55 (4.16%) SOAP
16 47 (3.56%) Django
16 47 (3.56%) Elastic Stack
17 43 (3.26%) Play Framework
18 42 (3.18%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 60 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
2 33 (2.50%) Data Centre
2 33 (2.50%) Mobile App
3 31 (2.35%) User Experience
4 30 (2.27%) Public Cloud
5 27 (2.04%) Linux Command Line
6 22 (1.67%) Analytical Skills
7 16 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
8 15 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
9 14 (1.06%) Cloud Native
10 13 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
11 11 (0.83%) Enterprise Cloud
11 11 (0.83%) iSeries
11 11 (0.83%) Mainframe
12 9 (0.68%) Data Protection Act
12 9 (0.68%) FMCG
12 9 (0.68%) PKI
13 8 (0.61%) Private Cloud
14 7 (0.53%) Embedded Systems
14 7 (0.53%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 528 (39.97%) Linux
2 145 (10.98%) Unix
3 135 (10.22%) Windows
4 82 (6.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 51 (3.86%) Ubuntu
6 32 (2.42%) Mac OS X
7 28 (2.12%) Android
8 24 (1.82%) CentOS
9 23 (1.74%) Apple iOS
10 22 (1.67%) Windows Server
11 19 (1.44%) CoreOS
12 18 (1.36%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.83%) Debian
14 6 (0.45%) Fedora
14 6 (0.45%) Solaris
15 5 (0.38%) Amazon Linux
16 4 (0.30%) openSUSE
16 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (0.23%) FreeBSD
17 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 705 (53.37%) Agile Software Development
2 611 (46.25%) DevOps
3 365 (27.63%) TDD
4 341 (25.81%) Continuous Integration
5 257 (19.45%) Configuration Management
6 249 (18.85%) Test Automation
7 220 (16.65%) Scrum
8 159 (12.04%) Open Source
9 135 (10.22%) Continuous Deployment
10 128 (9.69%) Software Engineering
11 127 (9.61%) Continuous Delivery
12 116 (8.78%) BDD
12 116 (8.78%) Kanban
13 114 (8.63%) Problem-Solving
14 112 (8.48%) Infrastructure as Code
15 104 (7.87%) Microservices
16 95 (7.19%) Web Development
17 94 (7.12%) Front End Development
18 76 (5.75%) Deployment Automation
19 70 (5.30%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 799 (60.48%) Python
2 526 (39.82%) Java
3 452 (34.22%) JavaScript
4 283 (21.42%) Bash Shell
5 207 (15.67%) Go
6 179 (13.55%) Perl
7 172 (13.02%) SQL
8 152 (11.51%) Scala
9 123 (9.31%) C#
10 96 (7.27%) C++
11 80 (6.06%) PowerShell
12 79 (5.98%) Shell Script
13 78 (5.90%) Groovy
14 77 (5.83%) PHP
15 46 (3.48%) C
16 36 (2.73%) Java 8
17 24 (1.82%) TypeScript
18 18 (1.36%) ES6
19 14 (1.06%) Haskell
20 13 (0.98%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 151 (11.43%) Security Cleared
2 105 (7.95%) SC Cleared
3 53 (4.01%) BPSS Clearance
4 40 (3.03%) Degree
5 27 (2.04%) DV Cleared
6 24 (1.82%) AWS Certification
7 23 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (1.06%) DBS Check
9 11 (0.83%) CTC Cleared
10 9 (0.68%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.61%) CHECK Team Member
12 7 (0.53%) ISEB
13 6 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.45%) RHCE
14 4 (0.30%) CREST Certified
14 4 (0.30%) OSCP
15 3 (0.23%) BC Cleared
15 3 (0.23%) CISA
15 3 (0.23%) CISSP
16 2 (0.15%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (3.26%) QA
2 12 (0.91%) Disclosure Scotland
3 8 (0.61%) GDPR
4 7 (0.53%) NIST
5 6 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.38%) COBIT
7 4 (0.30%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.23%) SLA
9 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.076%) IFRS
10 1 (0.076%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.076%) NCSC
10 1 (0.076%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.076%) Section 508
System Software
1 375 (28.39%) Docker
2 29 (2.20%) Active Directory
3 28 (2.12%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (1.21%) etcd
6 14 (1.06%) flannel
6 14 (1.06%) SkyDNS
7 13 (0.98%) KVM
8 12 (0.91%) Ceph
9 11 (0.83%) GlusterFS
10 8 (0.61%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.61%) HDFS
10 8 (0.61%) Squid
11 6 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.38%) Xen
13 4 (0.30%) VirtualBox
14 3 (0.23%) Varnish
14 3 (0.23%) vCloud
14 3 (0.23%) vSphere
15 2 (0.15%) Snort
Systems Management
1 330 (24.98%) Ansible
2 287 (21.73%) Kubernetes
3 263 (19.91%) Puppet
4 261 (19.76%) Terraform
5 232 (17.56%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (2.73%) Prometheus
7 33 (2.50%) Graphite
8 32 (2.42%) Packer
9 28 (2.12%) Kibana
9 28 (2.12%) Salt
10 23 (1.74%) HAProxy
11 22 (1.67%) Sysdig
12 20 (1.51%) Nagios
13 18 (1.36%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 18 (1.36%) Network Intrusion Detection System
14 17 (1.29%) rkt
15 16 (1.21%) Docker Swarm
15 16 (1.21%) Grafana
16 14 (1.06%) Consul
17 13 (0.98%) Mesos
Vendors
1 110 (8.33%) Google
2 71 (5.37%) Microsoft
3 61 (4.62%) Red Hat
4 49 (3.71%) Oracle
4 49 (3.71%) Splunk
5 43 (3.26%) Atlassian
6 42 (3.18%) VMware
7 36 (2.73%) SaltStack
8 23 (1.74%) EMC
8 23 (1.74%) NetApp
9 20 (1.51%) Adobe
9 20 (1.51%) New Relic
9 20 (1.51%) TOWER Software
10 17 (1.29%) SAP
11 16 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
12 15 (1.14%) AppDynamics
13 12 (0.91%) Facebook
14 10 (0.76%) Qualys
15 9 (0.68%) IBM
16 8 (0.61%) Veritas