Period
to 31 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 31 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK > England
6 months to
31 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 280 254 208
Rank change year-on-year -26 -46 -35
Contract jobs citing J2EE 489 942 1,235
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.87% 1.07% 1.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.87% 3.22% 4.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 310 493 792
Median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +1.06%
10th Percentile £385 £363 £345
90th Percentile £700 £648 £600
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 7
Median hourly rate £62.00 £48.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.18% +8.33% +13.21%
10th Percentile £50.50 £37.42 £31.15
90th Percentile £67.12 £58.75 £68.80
UK median hourly rate £62.00 £48.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +27.18% +8.33% +13.21%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,052 29,284 30,681
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.35% 33.22% 32.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,727 20,839 21,863
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £338 £330 £313
90th Percentile £673 £650 £626
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £473
% change year-on-year +2.56% +3.17% +9.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 225 261 323
Median hourly rate £38.50 £41.85 £41.41
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.99% +1.05% +2.55%
10th Percentile £21.25 £18.50 £19.00
90th Percentile £69.50 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £41.42
% change year-on-year -15.66% +0.21% +2.87%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE in England.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE in England over the 6 months to 31 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE in England.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing J2EE in England over the 6 months to 31 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the England region over the 6 months to 31 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 288 £550 +4.76% 38
South East +17 68 £505 +12.22% 11
North of England +23 58 £575 +21.69% 12
Midlands -5 39 £418 -1.76% 11
West Midlands +5 36 £419 -8.47% 6
North West +8 28 £475 +0.53% 4
Yorkshire +35 22 £600 +33.33% 6
South West +18 18 £500 +8.11% 9
East of England -9 16 £475 -6.86% 3
North East +23 9 £675 +25.58% 2
East Midlands +8 3 £375 -6.25% 5
J2EE
UK

For the 6 months to 31 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for J2EE.

1 463 (94.68%) Java
2 269 (55.01%) Agile Software Development
3 220 (44.99%) Web Services
4 188 (38.45%) AWS
5 178 (36.40%) SQL
6 174 (35.58%) Oracle
7 166 (33.95%) DevOps
8 156 (31.90%) Software Engineering
9 155 (31.70%) Spring
9 155 (31.70%) Finance
10 152 (31.08%) Jenkins
11 127 (25.97%) Microservices
12 124 (25.36%) Asset Management
13 118 (24.13%) Front Office
14 117 (23.93%) Fixed Income
15 111 (22.70%) Derivative
16 105 (21.47%) Python
17 104 (21.27%) JavaScript
18 103 (21.06%) WebLogic
19 101 (20.65%) Configuration Management
20 96 (19.63%) Docker
21 91 (18.61%) PL/SQL
22 90 (18.40%) Git (software)
23 89 (18.20%) Amazon EC2
24 87 (17.79%) Continuous Integration
25 82 (16.77%) JIRA
26 81 (16.56%) Data Modelling
27 80 (16.36%) Unix
28 79 (16.16%) Test Strategy
29 77 (15.75%) Azure

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (21.06%) WebLogic
2 66 (13.50%) Confluence
3 57 (11.66%) WebSphere
4 45 (9.20%) Tomcat
5 37 (7.57%) Apache
6 23 (4.70%) JBoss
7 22 (4.50%) IIS
8 20 (4.09%) nginx
9 18 (3.68%) Jetty
9 18 (3.68%) Mongrel
10 10 (2.04%) BizTalk Server
10 10 (2.04%) SharePoint
11 7 (1.43%) Documentum
11 7 (1.43%) WebSphere Application Server
12 5 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (1.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.61%) Appian
13 3 (0.61%) Mule
13 3 (0.61%) Mule ESB
13 3 (0.61%) SAP Portal
Applications
1 3 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 31 (6.34%) FINCAD Analytics
2 10 (2.04%) Dynamics AX
2 10 (2.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (2.04%) Finacle
3 4 (0.82%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.82%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.41%) Exstream
5 1 (0.20%) ENOVIA
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.20%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 188 (38.45%) AWS
2 89 (18.20%) Amazon EC2
3 77 (15.75%) Azure
3 77 (15.75%) GCP
4 66 (13.50%) Amazon S3
5 63 (12.88%) Amazon SQS
6 60 (12.27%) Amazon ECS
7 55 (11.25%) AWS CloudFormation
7 55 (11.25%) AWS Lambda
7 55 (11.25%) OpenShift
7 55 (11.25%) Serverless
8 31 (6.34%) AWS Step Functions
9 22 (4.50%) GitHub
10 19 (3.89%) Google App Engine
11 10 (2.04%) Dynamics 365
12 6 (1.23%) SaaS
13 5 (1.02%) PaaS
14 4 (0.82%) Power Platform
15 3 (0.61%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 3 (0.61%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 45 (9.20%) HTTP
2 28 (5.73%) TCP/IP
3 25 (5.11%) SSL
4 24 (4.91%) FTP
5 21 (4.29%) DNS
6 20 (4.09%) IPsec
7 19 (3.89%) DHCP
8 3 (0.61%) Firewall
9 2 (0.41%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.41%) Internet
10 1 (0.20%) NAS
10 1 (0.20%) Network Security
10 1 (0.20%) tcpdump
10 1 (0.20%) VPN
10 1 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (15.13%) Amazon RDS
2 60 (12.27%) Amazon Redshift
3 48 (9.82%) PostgreSQL
4 47 (9.61%) NoSQL
5 44 (9.00%) Amazon Athena
6 42 (8.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 40 (8.18%) Relational Database
7 40 (8.18%) SQL Server
8 37 (7.57%) MongoDB
9 32 (6.54%) DB2
10 31 (6.34%) RDBMS
11 28 (5.73%) Amazon Aurora
11 28 (5.73%) BusinessObjects
12 25 (5.11%) Apache Cassandra
13 22 (4.50%) Couchbase
13 22 (4.50%) HBase
13 22 (4.50%) MariaDB
13 22 (4.50%) Neo4j
13 22 (4.50%) Redis
14 20 (4.09%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 152 (31.08%) Jenkins
2 90 (18.40%) Git (software)
3 82 (16.77%) JIRA
4 76 (15.54%) Maven
5 73 (14.93%) JUnit
6 53 (10.84%) Artifactory
7 52 (10.63%) Bitbucket
8 51 (10.43%) RStudio
9 49 (10.02%) Gradle
9 49 (10.02%) Mockito
10 25 (5.11%) Cucumber
11 20 (4.09%) Selenium
11 20 (4.09%) SonarQube
12 19 (3.89%) Ant
12 19 (3.89%) Travis CI
13 17 (3.48%) CA Gen
13 17 (3.48%) Eclipse
14 15 (3.07%) JMeter
14 15 (3.07%) jMock
15 14 (2.86%) git-flow
General
1 155 (31.70%) Finance
2 118 (24.13%) Front Office
3 76 (15.54%) Banking
4 25 (5.11%) Investment Banking
5 23 (4.70%) Public Sector
6 11 (2.25%) Retail
7 10 (2.04%) Games
8 9 (1.84%) Back Office
9 6 (1.23%) Retail Banking
10 5 (1.02%) Automotive
10 5 (1.02%) Local Government
11 4 (0.82%) Legal
12 3 (0.61%) Marketing
12 3 (0.61%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.41%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.41%) Law
14 1 (0.20%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 323 (66.05%) Developer
2 220 (44.99%) Java Developer
3 69 (14.11%) AWS Developer
4 53 (10.84%) Java Engineer
5 49 (10.02%) Java Software Developer
6 48 (9.82%) AWS Engineer
7 44 (9.00%) J2EE Developer
7 44 (9.00%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 42 (8.59%) Software Engineer
9 37 (7.57%) Lead Developer
10 36 (7.36%) Full Stack Developer
11 34 (6.95%) DevOps Engineer
12 33 (6.75%) Architect
13 32 (6.54%) Lead Java Developer
13 32 (6.54%) Lead Software Developer
14 25 (5.11%) Scala Developer
15 24 (4.91%) Senior Developer
16 21 (4.29%) AWS DevOps
16 21 (4.29%) Python Developer
16 21 (4.29%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 220 (44.99%) Web Services
2 155 (31.70%) Spring
3 74 (15.13%) XML
4 66 (13.50%) J2SE
5 64 (13.09%) SOAP
5 64 (13.09%) Spring Boot
6 63 (12.88%) Hibernate
7 58 (11.86%) .NET
7 58 (11.86%) REST
8 56 (11.45%) RESTful
9 54 (11.04%) AngularJS
9 54 (11.04%) HTML
10 51 (10.43%) React
11 42 (8.59%) CSS
12 38 (7.77%) JSON
13 36 (7.36%) HTML5
13 36 (7.36%) Node.js
14 29 (5.93%) Servlets
15 18 (3.68%) JPA
16 16 (3.27%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 117 (23.93%) Fixed Income
2 111 (22.70%) Derivative
3 77 (15.75%) Equities
4 67 (13.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 53 (10.84%) Hedge funds
6 31 (6.34%) Equity Derivative
7 29 (5.93%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (5.32%) Mobile App
9 20 (4.09%) Enterprise Software
10 19 (3.89%) User Experience
11 16 (3.27%) Market Risk
12 13 (2.66%) Mobile Payment
13 12 (2.45%) Public Cloud
13 12 (2.45%) Reference Data
14 11 (2.25%) Analytical Skills
15 8 (1.64%) Data Structures
15 8 (1.64%) Virtual Team
16 7 (1.43%) Blog
16 7 (1.43%) Management Information System
16 7 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 80 (16.36%) Unix
2 50 (10.22%) Linux
3 20 (4.09%) Windows
4 6 (1.23%) Windows Server
5 5 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.82%) AIX
6 4 (0.82%) Android
7 2 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.41%) Solaris
7 2 (0.41%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.20%) Windows NT
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 269 (55.01%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (33.95%) DevOps
3 156 (31.90%) Software Engineering
4 127 (25.97%) Microservices
5 124 (25.36%) Asset Management
6 101 (20.65%) Configuration Management
7 87 (17.79%) Continuous Integration
8 81 (16.56%) Data Modelling
9 79 (16.16%) Test Strategy
10 74 (15.13%) Process Improvement
11 67 (13.70%) Problem Management
12 66 (13.50%) Business Intelligence
12 66 (13.50%) Decision-Making
13 62 (12.68%) TDD
14 53 (10.84%) Open Source
15 50 (10.22%) Deployment Automation
16 47 (9.61%) Analytics
17 42 (8.59%) Scrum
18 38 (7.77%) OO
19 34 (6.95%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 463 (94.68%) Java
2 178 (36.40%) SQL
3 105 (21.47%) Python
4 104 (21.27%) JavaScript
5 91 (18.61%) PL/SQL
6 63 (12.88%) R
7 57 (11.66%) Shell Script
8 50 (10.22%) Scala
9 48 (9.82%) Kotlin
10 37 (7.57%) C#
11 30 (6.13%) Java 8
12 28 (5.73%) C++
13 24 (4.91%) Perl
14 16 (3.27%) TypeScript
15 10 (2.04%) Groovy
16 4 (0.82%) Apex Code
16 4 (0.82%) Ruby
17 3 (0.61%) COBOL
18 2 (0.41%) C
18 2 (0.41%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 39 (7.98%) Security Cleared
2 36 (7.36%) SC Cleared
3 34 (6.95%) Degree
4 23 (4.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (1.02%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.82%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.20%) CISM
8 1 (0.20%) CISSP
8 1 (0.20%) ISEB
8 1 (0.20%) ISSMP
8 1 (0.20%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.20%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.43%) QA
2 2 (0.41%) COBIT
2 2 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.41%) SLA
System Software
1 96 (19.63%) Docker
2 26 (5.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (3.68%) Xen
4 7 (1.43%) vSphere
5 3 (0.61%) Postfix
5 3 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.41%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.41%) ISA Server
6 2 (0.41%) LXC
7 1 (0.20%) Samba
Systems Management
1 71 (14.52%) Kubernetes
2 64 (13.09%) Terraform
3 23 (4.70%) Puppet
4 13 (2.66%) Kibana
5 11 (2.25%) logstash
6 7 (1.43%) Ansible
7 3 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.61%) Rundeck
8 2 (0.41%) Amdocs OSS
8 2 (0.41%) Grafana
8 2 (0.41%) Oracle Identity Management
8 2 (0.41%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 1 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
9 1 (0.20%) Netcool
9 1 (0.20%) Netcool/OMNIbus
9 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.20%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 174 (35.58%) Oracle
2 71 (14.52%) BEA
3 66 (13.50%) webMethods
4 57 (11.66%) Google
5 33 (6.75%) SAP
6 28 (5.73%) Microsoft
6 28 (5.73%) VMware
7 26 (5.32%) Sybase
8 24 (4.91%) Informatica
9 23 (4.70%) IBM
10 21 (4.29%) Pega
11 11 (2.25%) hybris
12 9 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (1.43%) MuleSoft
14 6 (1.23%) Adobe
14 6 (1.23%) Red Hat
15 4 (0.82%) Guidewire
16 3 (0.61%) Apple
16 3 (0.61%) Sun
17 2 (0.41%) CA