Period
to 21 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 21 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 260 225 189
Rank change year-on-year -35 -36 -50
Contract jobs citing J2EE 862 1,170 1,234
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.02% 1.23% 1.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.17% 3.59% 4.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 416 751 800
England median daily rate £500 £500 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.53% +6.29%
10th Percentile £373 £350 £320
90th Percentile £650 £625 £599
UK median daily rate £495 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +1.54% +8.33% +5.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 11 9
England median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +57.14% -2.78%
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +9.09% +57.14% -2.78%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,222 32,609 28,655
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.32% 34.31% 32.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,223 23,162 19,883
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £345 £319 £308
90th Percentile £650 £631 £625
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 280 358 366
England median hourly rate £44.00 £41.52 £40.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.99% +1.88% +8.67%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.25 £15.54
90th Percentile £60.08 £57.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.38
% change year-on-year +3.66% +1.54% +7.68%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the England region over the 6 months to 21 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -11 461 £525 - 68
South East -7 144 £450 -10.00% 32
Midlands +5 89 £450 +5.88% 22
West Midlands +24 74 £454 +0.83% 17
East of England -11 65 £505 -0.98% 8
North of England -65 63 £450 +12.15% 19
South West -43 42 £500 +11.11% 7
North West -52 30 £450 +12.50% 7
Yorkshire +27 29 £425 -2.86% 9
East Midlands -3 13 £425 +3.66% 5
North East 0 4 £548 +51.37% 3
J2EE
UK

For the 6 months to 21 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for J2EE.

1 816 (94.66%) Java
2 466 (54.06%) Agile Software Development
3 344 (39.91%) Web Services
4 331 (38.40%) Spring
5 324 (37.59%) Amazon AWS
6 274 (31.79%) Jenkins
7 252 (29.23%) Finance
8 230 (26.68%) Microservices
9 223 (25.87%) SQL
10 221 (25.64%) DevOps
11 200 (23.20%) Docker
12 198 (22.97%) Oracle
13 197 (22.85%) Amazon EC2
14 192 (22.27%) JavaScript
15 189 (21.93%) TDD
16 187 (21.69%) Continuous Integration
17 185 (21.46%) Scrum
18 171 (19.84%) Git (software)
19 169 (19.61%) Software Engineering
20 167 (19.37%) Terraform
21 158 (18.33%) Maven
22 154 (17.87%) REST
23 150 (17.40%) Kubernetes
24 149 (17.29%) Linux
25 148 (17.17%) Serverless
26 145 (16.82%) AWS Lambda
26 145 (16.82%) Amazon S3
27 144 (16.71%) XML
28 141 (16.36%) SOAP
29 138 (16.01%) HTML

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (14.62%) WebLogic
2 108 (12.53%) WebSphere
3 88 (10.21%) Apache
4 84 (9.74%) Tomcat
5 59 (6.84%) Confluence
6 57 (6.61%) JBoss
7 28 (3.25%) Elasticsearch
7 28 (3.25%) Jetty
8 27 (3.13%) IIS
8 27 (3.13%) nginx
9 22 (2.55%) Mongrel
10 18 (2.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 16 (1.86%) WebSphere Application Server
12 14 (1.62%) Magnolia
12 14 (1.62%) OpenStack
12 14 (1.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 12 (1.39%) Mule
14 11 (1.28%) Appian
15 9 (1.04%) GlassFish
16 8 (0.93%) JCAPS
Applications
1 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.12%) HipChat
1 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 20 (2.32%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (1.51%) SAP ERP
3 10 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.70%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.46%) Eikon
6 3 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.35%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.35%) Oracle Retail
6 3 (0.35%) Unit4 Business World
7 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.12%) Fredhopper
8 1 (0.12%) Magento
8 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 324 (37.59%) Amazon AWS
2 197 (22.85%) Amazon EC2
3 148 (17.17%) Serverless
4 145 (16.82%) Amazon S3
4 145 (16.82%) AWS Lambda
5 117 (13.57%) Amazon SQS
6 108 (12.53%) OpenShift
7 73 (8.47%) AWS CloudFormation
7 73 (8.47%) Microsoft Azure
8 68 (7.89%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 64 (7.42%) Amazon ECS
10 38 (4.41%) GitHub
11 24 (2.78%) Google Cloud Platform
12 22 (2.55%) Google App Engine
13 18 (2.09%) AWS Fargate
13 18 (2.09%) PaaS
14 17 (1.97%) IaaS
15 14 (1.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 14 (1.62%) Azure Stack
16 13 (1.51%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 63 (7.31%) HTTP
2 51 (5.92%) TCP/IP
3 42 (4.87%) DNS
4 40 (4.64%) SSL
5 30 (3.48%) FTP
6 27 (3.13%) DHCP
7 24 (2.78%) Internet
8 23 (2.67%) WAN
9 22 (2.55%) IPsec
10 14 (1.62%) LAN
10 14 (1.62%) SAN
11 13 (1.51%) Firewall
12 6 (0.70%) Cisco Nexus
12 6 (0.70%) Ethernet
12 6 (0.70%) MPLS
13 5 (0.58%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
13 5 (0.58%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 5 (0.58%) VPN
14 4 (0.46%) Reverse Proxy
15 1 (0.12%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (14.15%) Amazon RDS
2 108 (12.53%) Amazon Redshift
3 99 (11.48%) Relational Database
4 87 (10.09%) MySQL
5 78 (9.05%) PostgreSQL
6 77 (8.93%) NoSQL
7 66 (7.66%) RDBMS
8 51 (5.92%) MongoDB
9 50 (5.80%) SQL Server
10 30 (3.48%) Oracle Database
11 28 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 18 (2.09%) Amazon Athena
13 17 (1.97%) Big Data
14 16 (1.86%) DB2
14 16 (1.86%) Hadoop
15 15 (1.74%) BusinessObjects
16 11 (1.28%) Power BI
16 11 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 11 (1.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 10 (1.16%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 274 (31.79%) Jenkins
2 171 (19.84%) Git (software)
3 158 (18.33%) Maven
4 126 (14.62%) JUnit
5 120 (13.92%) Artifactory
6 82 (9.51%) SonarQube
7 75 (8.70%) JIRA
8 73 (8.47%) GitLab
9 67 (7.77%) Mockito
10 54 (6.26%) Bitbucket
11 53 (6.15%) jMock
12 51 (5.92%) Travis CI
13 50 (5.80%) DbUnit
14 49 (5.68%) RStudio
15 48 (5.57%) Selenium
16 41 (4.76%) Eclipse
17 37 (4.29%) Gradle
18 36 (4.18%) Sonatype Nexus
19 35 (4.06%) Subversion
20 32 (3.71%) Ant
General
1 252 (29.23%) Finance
2 83 (9.63%) Front Office
3 68 (7.89%) Banking
4 55 (6.38%) Retail
5 34 (3.94%) Games
6 27 (3.13%) Telecoms
7 24 (2.78%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.39%) Back Office
9 10 (1.16%) Marketing
10 7 (0.81%) Legal
10 7 (0.81%) Publishing
11 4 (0.46%) Retail Banking
11 4 (0.46%) Wholesale Banking
12 3 (0.35%) Advertising
12 3 (0.35%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.35%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.23%) Automotive
14 1 (0.12%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 565 (65.55%) Developer
2 345 (40.02%) Java Developer
3 117 (13.57%) AWS Developer
4 81 (9.40%) Architect
5 75 (8.70%) AWS Engineer
5 75 (8.70%) J2EE Developer
6 71 (8.24%) Java/J2EE Developer
7 67 (7.77%) Senior Developer
8 55 (6.38%) UI Developer
9 54 (6.26%) Full Stack Developer
10 53 (6.15%) Lead Developer
11 51 (5.92%) Java Software Developer
11 51 (5.92%) JavaScript Developer
12 50 (5.80%) Angular Developer
12 50 (5.80%) Senior Java Developer
13 39 (4.52%) JavaScript Engineer
14 38 (4.41%) UI Engineer
15 37 (4.29%) Lead Java Developer
16 36 (4.18%) Software Engineer
17 35 (4.06%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 344 (39.91%) Web Services
2 331 (38.40%) Spring
3 154 (17.87%) REST
4 144 (16.71%) XML
5 141 (16.36%) SOAP
6 138 (16.01%) HTML
7 131 (15.20%) RESTful
8 115 (13.34%) Spring Boot
9 109 (12.65%) Hibernate
10 108 (12.53%) JMS
11 102 (11.83%) CSS
12 98 (11.37%) JSON
13 88 (10.21%) AngularJS
14 84 (9.74%) Node.js
15 78 (9.05%) HTML5
16 75 (8.70%) Middleware
17 67 (7.77%) J2SE
18 65 (7.54%) Apache Camel
19 59 (6.84%) CSS3
20 57 (6.61%) React
Miscellaneous
1 61 (7.08%) Fixed Income
2 50 (5.80%) Greenfield Project
3 42 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
4 26 (3.02%) User Experience
5 23 (2.67%) Robotics
6 21 (2.44%) Data Centre
6 21 (2.44%) Mobile App
7 20 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
8 19 (2.20%) Hybrid Cloud
9 17 (1.97%) Replication
10 16 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 14 (1.62%) Derivative
12 12 (1.39%) Equities
12 12 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (1.39%) Virtual Team
13 11 (1.28%) Mainframe
13 11 (1.28%) Management Information System
14 10 (1.16%) Data Structures
15 8 (0.93%) Credit Risk
16 7 (0.81%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 149 (17.29%) Linux
2 133 (15.43%) Unix
3 46 (5.34%) Windows
4 17 (1.97%) CentOS
5 15 (1.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 15 (1.74%) Solaris
6 4 (0.46%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.12%) AIX
7 1 (0.12%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.12%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 466 (54.06%) Agile Software Development
2 230 (26.68%) Microservices
3 221 (25.64%) DevOps
4 189 (21.93%) TDD
5 187 (21.69%) Continuous Integration
6 185 (21.46%) Scrum
7 169 (19.61%) Software Engineering
8 133 (15.43%) Open Source
9 123 (14.27%) Kanban
10 122 (14.15%) Asset Management
11 120 (13.92%) BDD
12 113 (13.11%) E-Commerce
13 89 (10.32%) OO
14 87 (10.09%) Problem-Solving
15 75 (8.70%) Release Management
16 68 (7.89%) Configuration Management
17 67 (7.77%) Analytics
18 66 (7.66%) Deployment Automation
19 57 (6.61%) Decision-Making
20 55 (6.38%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 816 (94.66%) Java
2 223 (25.87%) SQL
3 192 (22.27%) JavaScript
4 103 (11.95%) PL/SQL
5 97 (11.25%) Python
6 84 (9.74%) Java 8
7 57 (6.61%) Shell Script
8 50 (5.80%) Perl
9 20 (2.32%) C
10 16 (1.86%) ES6
11 11 (1.28%) C#
11 11 (1.28%) Java 9
11 11 (1.28%) Scala
12 10 (1.16%) TypeScript
13 9 (1.04%) PHP
14 8 (0.93%) XPath
15 7 (0.81%) C++
15 7 (0.81%) R
16 5 (0.58%) PowerShell
16 5 (0.58%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 58 (6.73%) Security Cleared
2 41 (4.76%) Degree
3 34 (3.94%) SC Cleared
4 21 (2.44%) AWS Certification
5 14 (1.62%) DV Cleared
5 14 (1.62%) Master's Degree
6 10 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.70%) Sun Certification
9 5 (0.58%) OCPJP
10 4 (0.46%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.46%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.23%) CCNA
11 2 (0.23%) CCNP
11 2 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.23%) ISEB
11 2 (0.23%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
11 2 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.36%) QA
2 4 (0.46%) GDPR
3 3 (0.35%) SLA
4 2 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.23%) EMIR
4 2 (0.23%) MiFID
4 2 (0.23%) PSD2
4 2 (0.23%) SEPA
5 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.12%) HL7
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 200 (23.20%) Docker
2 73 (8.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 43 (4.99%) vSphere
4 30 (3.48%) Active Directory
5 22 (2.55%) Xen
6 8 (0.93%) HDFS
7 6 (0.70%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.70%) Squid
7 6 (0.70%) Varnish
8 5 (0.58%) OpenAM
8 5 (0.58%) OpenDJ
8 5 (0.58%) OpenIDM
8 5 (0.58%) Postfix
9 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.12%) Firmware
9 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 167 (19.37%) Terraform
2 150 (17.40%) Kubernetes
3 82 (9.51%) Ansible
4 67 (7.77%) Puppet
5 30 (3.48%) Amdocs OSS
6 20 (2.32%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (1.62%) vRealize
8 12 (1.39%) Kibana
9 8 (0.93%) Control-M
10 7 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
10 7 (0.81%) Rundeck
10 7 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.70%) vCenter Server
12 5 (0.58%) EMC NetWorker
12 5 (0.58%) Grafana
13 2 (0.23%) CA Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.23%) CloudHub
13 2 (0.23%) Packer
13 2 (0.23%) Tivoli Identity Manager
13 2 (0.23%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 198 (22.97%) Oracle
2 81 (9.40%) VMware
3 57 (6.61%) Microsoft
4 52 (6.03%) BEA
4 52 (6.03%) Google
4 52 (6.03%) webMethods
5 48 (5.57%) IBM
6 40 (4.64%) SAP
7 32 (3.71%) Pega
8 31 (3.60%) Informatica
9 30 (3.48%) Cramer
10 29 (3.36%) hybris
11 24 (2.78%) Red Hat
12 21 (2.44%) Cisco
13 14 (1.62%) MuleSoft
14 13 (1.51%) Micro Focus
14 13 (1.51%) ServiceNow
15 11 (1.28%) F5
16 10 (1.16%) Splunk
17 9 (1.04%) ForgeRock