Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 233 193 163
Rank change year-on-year -40 -30 -11
Contract jobs citing J2EE 1,161 1,332 1,608
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.21% 1.40% 1.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.43% 4.30% 5.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 644 844 1,022
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £358 £314 £318
90th Percentile £638 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 23
England median hourly rate £55.00 £38.50 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +4.05% -7.50%
10th Percentile £40.28 £36.40 £32.08
90th Percentile £100.75 £61.73 £42.97
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £38.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +42.86% +4.05% -7.50%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,817 30,992 29,972
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.11% 32.59% 31.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,138 22,085 20,845
England median daily rate £480 £470 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.13% +10.59% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 283 353 346
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £39.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +1.01% +5.60%
10th Percentile £18.67 £18.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £57.90 £51.62 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in England

J2EE
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -42 526 £513 +2.50% 67
South East -26 216 £450 -10.00% 44
Midlands +37 150 £405 -7.43% 26
North of England -52 119 £460 +16.46% 19
West Midlands +49 100 £400 -8.57% 13
East of England -22 95 £510 +16.57% 14
North West -37 60 £470 +17.50% 7
South West -46 60 £525 +27.66% 13
East Midlands -4 45 £410 -8.89% 13
Yorkshire -27 37 £475 +15.85% 11
North East -12 22 £325 -4.41% 1
J2EE
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for J2EE.

1 1,084 (93.37%) Java
2 653 (56.24%) Agile Software Development
3 518 (44.62%) Spring
4 382 (32.90%) Jenkins
5 321 (27.65%) Web Services
6 299 (25.75%) SQL
7 293 (25.24%) REST
8 291 (25.06%) Scrum
9 285 (24.55%) TDD
9 285 (24.55%) Git (software)
10 267 (23.00%) Unix
11 266 (22.91%) JavaScript
12 264 (22.74%) Linux
13 262 (22.57%) Microservices
14 261 (22.48%) Oracle
15 253 (21.79%) Continuous Integration
15 253 (21.79%) BDD
16 233 (20.07%) Hibernate
17 232 (19.98%) HTML
17 232 (19.98%) Amazon AWS
18 230 (19.81%) Maven
19 213 (18.35%) Finance
20 209 (18.00%) DevOps
21 206 (17.74%) JUnit
22 201 (17.31%) JSON
23 198 (17.05%) CSS
23 198 (17.05%) SOAP
24 197 (16.97%) Spring Boot
24 197 (16.97%) RESTful
25 188 (16.19%) E-Commerce

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (15.25%) Apache
2 152 (13.09%) WebLogic
3 124 (10.68%) Tomcat
4 116 (9.99%) WebSphere
5 94 (8.10%) JBoss
6 68 (5.86%) nginx
7 54 (4.65%) Jetty
8 52 (4.48%) Confluence
9 51 (4.39%) IIS
9 51 (4.39%) Mule
10 44 (3.79%) Apache Spark
11 39 (3.36%) Mongrel
12 38 (3.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 38 (3.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 37 (3.19%) Elasticsearch
14 20 (1.72%) CMS
15 18 (1.55%) Commerce Server
16 17 (1.46%) GlassFish
17 15 (1.29%) WebSphere Application Server
18 12 (1.03%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (0.086%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 25 (2.15%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (1.12%) Maximo
3 7 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
3 7 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.52%) Oracle Retail
5 3 (0.26%) Actimize
5 3 (0.26%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.17%) MetaTrader
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.17%) SAP PM
7 1 (0.086%) Magento
7 1 (0.086%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.086%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.086%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 232 (19.98%) Amazon AWS
2 109 (9.39%) Amazon EC2
3 91 (7.84%) GitHub
4 55 (4.74%) Google Cloud Platform
5 43 (3.70%) Microsoft Azure
6 40 (3.45%) Google App Engine
7 28 (2.41%) Google Analytics
8 22 (1.89%) SaaS
9 16 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (1.12%) AWS CloudFormation
11 8 (0.69%) Apigee
11 8 (0.69%) npm
12 7 (0.60%) Amazon S3
13 5 (0.43%) Adobe Analytics
13 5 (0.43%) Sauce Labs
13 5 (0.43%) TestFlight
13 5 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 4 (0.34%) PaaS
15 3 (0.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 3 (0.26%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 104 (8.96%) HTTP
2 89 (7.67%) SSL
3 82 (7.06%) TCP/IP
4 39 (3.36%) DHCP
4 39 (3.36%) DNS
4 39 (3.36%) FTP
4 39 (3.36%) IPsec
5 16 (1.38%) Internet
6 9 (0.78%) Ethernet
6 9 (0.78%) Firewall
7 8 (0.69%) MPLS
8 7 (0.60%) SAN
8 7 (0.60%) Wireless
9 3 (0.26%) SMS
9 3 (0.26%) Software-Defined Networking
10 2 (0.17%) Network Security
10 2 (0.17%) SNMP
11 1 (0.086%) Bluetooth
11 1 (0.086%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.086%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 123 (10.59%) Relational Database
2 83 (7.15%) MongoDB
3 80 (6.89%) Hadoop
4 77 (6.63%) NoSQL
5 74 (6.37%) Big Data
6 63 (5.43%) MySQL
7 54 (4.65%) PostgreSQL
7 54 (4.65%) SQL Server
8 51 (4.39%) Oracle Database
9 37 (3.19%) BusinessObjects
10 33 (2.84%) HBase
11 31 (2.67%) Oracle Database 11g
12 25 (2.15%) Parquet
13 21 (1.81%) DB2
14 20 (1.72%) Oracle Database 12c
15 19 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
15 19 (1.64%) Cloudant
16 16 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
17 15 (1.29%) RDBMS
18 9 (0.78%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 382 (32.90%) Jenkins
2 285 (24.55%) Git (software)
3 230 (19.81%) Maven
4 206 (17.74%) JUnit
5 131 (11.28%) JIRA
6 111 (9.56%) Mockito
7 88 (7.58%) Selenium
8 86 (7.41%) Eclipse
9 81 (6.98%) jMock
9 81 (6.98%) SonarQube
10 80 (6.89%) DbUnit
11 57 (4.91%) Ant
12 50 (4.31%) Subversion
13 49 (4.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 49 (4.22%) Cucumber
14 45 (3.88%) IntelliJ
15 44 (3.79%) Gradle
16 42 (3.62%) Hudson
17 38 (3.27%) Travis CI
18 31 (2.67%) gulp
General
1 213 (18.35%) Finance
2 106 (9.13%) Banking
3 73 (6.29%) Retail
4 58 (5.00%) Front Office
5 36 (3.10%) Investment Banking
6 16 (1.38%) Back Office
7 11 (0.95%) Telecoms
8 10 (0.86%) Marketing
9 8 (0.69%) Games
10 7 (0.60%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.52%) Advertising
12 4 (0.34%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.34%) Publishing
13 3 (0.26%) Law
13 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.17%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.17%) Automotive
14 2 (0.17%) Legal
15 1 (0.086%) Electronics
15 1 (0.086%) German Language
Job Titles
1 777 (66.93%) Developer
2 540 (46.51%) Java Developer
3 126 (10.85%) Architect
4 96 (8.27%) J2EE Developer
5 92 (7.92%) Java/J2EE Developer
6 71 (6.12%) Senior Developer
7 60 (5.17%) Java Engineer
8 59 (5.08%) Senior Java Developer
9 47 (4.05%) Software Engineer
10 45 (3.88%) Consultant
11 44 (3.79%) Java Software Engineer
12 39 (3.36%) Full Stack Developer
13 38 (3.27%) Integration Developer
14 34 (2.93%) Lead Developer
15 33 (2.84%) Java Architect
16 32 (2.76%) Lead Java Developer
17 31 (2.67%) DevOps Engineer
17 31 (2.67%) Solutions Architect
18 28 (2.41%) Technical Architect
19 27 (2.33%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 518 (44.62%) Spring
2 321 (27.65%) Web Services
3 293 (25.24%) REST
4 233 (20.07%) Hibernate
5 232 (19.98%) HTML
6 201 (17.31%) JSON
7 198 (17.05%) CSS
7 198 (17.05%) SOAP
8 197 (16.97%) RESTful
8 197 (16.97%) Spring Boot
9 172 (14.81%) XML
10 147 (12.66%) AngularJS
11 141 (12.14%) HTML5
12 134 (11.54%) Middleware
13 108 (9.30%) Apache Camel
14 107 (9.22%) Node.js
15 103 (8.87%) jQuery
16 96 (8.27%) .NET
17 94 (8.10%) Servlets
18 83 (7.15%) PowerMock
Miscellaneous
1 78 (6.72%) Greenfield Project
2 70 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
3 36 (3.10%) User Experience
4 32 (2.76%) Mobile App
5 30 (2.58%) Virtual Team
6 23 (1.98%) Linux Command Line
7 19 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
8 17 (1.46%) Fintech
9 16 (1.38%) Hybrid Cloud
10 15 (1.29%) Hedge funds
10 15 (1.29%) NHS
11 14 (1.21%) Data Centre
12 12 (1.03%) Data Structures
12 12 (1.03%) Fixed Income
12 12 (1.03%) Mainframe
12 12 (1.03%) Public Cloud
13 10 (0.86%) Management Information System
14 9 (0.78%) Algorithms
15 8 (0.69%) Clustering
15 8 (0.69%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 267 (23.00%) Unix
2 264 (22.74%) Linux
3 46 (3.96%) Windows
4 32 (2.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 27 (2.33%) Ubuntu
6 24 (2.07%) Solaris
7 22 (1.89%) Android
8 20 (1.72%) Apple iOS
9 10 (0.86%) VME
10 7 (0.60%) AIX
11 4 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.26%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.17%) CentOS
13 2 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.086%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 653 (56.24%) Agile Software Development
2 291 (25.06%) Scrum
3 285 (24.55%) TDD
4 262 (22.57%) Microservices
5 253 (21.79%) BDD
5 253 (21.79%) Continuous Integration
6 209 (18.00%) DevOps
7 188 (16.19%) E-Commerce
8 179 (15.42%) OO
9 164 (14.13%) Open Source
10 147 (12.66%) Configuration Management
11 141 (12.14%) Kanban
12 140 (12.06%) Test Automation
13 125 (10.77%) Software Engineering
14 113 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
15 110 (9.47%) Unit Testing
16 102 (8.79%) MVC
17 77 (6.63%) SOA
18 62 (5.34%) Pair Programming
19 58 (5.00%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 1,084 (93.37%) Java
2 299 (25.75%) SQL
3 266 (22.91%) JavaScript
4 108 (9.30%) PL/SQL
5 94 (8.10%) Java 8
6 90 (7.75%) Python
6 90 (7.75%) Shell Script
7 61 (5.25%) Perl
8 60 (5.17%) Scala
9 52 (4.48%) C#
10 38 (3.27%) Ruby
11 37 (3.19%) Groovy
12 28 (2.41%) Haskell
13 26 (2.24%) C
14 25 (2.15%) C++
15 14 (1.21%) Apple Swift
15 14 (1.21%) Objective-C
16 12 (1.03%) PHP
17 10 (0.86%) COBOL
18 9 (0.78%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 127 (10.94%) Security Cleared
2 85 (7.32%) SC Cleared
3 45 (3.88%) Degree
4 18 (1.55%) AWS Certification
5 15 (1.29%) DV Cleared
6 13 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (0.69%) ISEB
9 7 (0.60%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 3 (0.26%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.17%) IRCA
11 2 (0.17%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 1 (0.086%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.84%) QA
2 10 (0.86%) PMO
3 8 (0.69%) SLA
4 5 (0.43%) GDPR
4 5 (0.43%) HL7
5 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.17%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.17%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 2 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.086%) ECSS
7 1 (0.086%) IFRS
7 1 (0.086%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.086%) MIL-STD-1553
7 1 (0.086%) PSD2
System Software
1 169 (14.56%) Docker
2 103 (8.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (5.08%) vSphere
4 53 (4.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 40 (3.45%) Xen
6 34 (2.93%) HDFS
7 7 (0.60%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 5 (0.43%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.086%) Firmware
10 1 (0.086%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.086%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.086%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.086%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 98 (8.44%) Puppet
2 79 (6.80%) Terraform
3 53 (4.57%) Ansible
4 48 (4.13%) Hadoop YARN
5 36 (3.10%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (3.01%) Kibana
7 33 (2.84%) Grafana
8 27 (2.33%) Kubernetes
9 15 (1.29%) Oracle Identity Management
9 15 (1.29%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 14 (1.21%) Amdocs OSS
11 12 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
12 9 (0.78%) HockeyApp
13 5 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
13 5 (0.43%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 3 (0.26%) CloudHub
14 3 (0.26%) collectd
14 3 (0.26%) Graphite
14 3 (0.26%) logstash
14 3 (0.26%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 261 (22.48%) Oracle
2 107 (9.22%) VMware
3 90 (7.75%) Google
4 74 (6.37%) webMethods
5 64 (5.51%) Microsoft
6 59 (5.08%) Adobe
6 59 (5.08%) SAP
7 56 (4.82%) hybris
8 52 (4.48%) IBM
9 49 (4.22%) BEA
10 22 (1.89%) Pega
11 19 (1.64%) Atlassian
12 17 (1.46%) Informatica
12 17 (1.46%) Red Hat
13 15 (1.29%) MuleSoft
13 15 (1.29%) Okta
14 14 (1.21%) Cramer
15 13 (1.12%) Amdocs
15 13 (1.12%) Demandware
15 13 (1.12%) Syclo