Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
England > London
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 139 125 119
Rank change year-on-year -14 -6 -25
Contract jobs citing XML 451 464 964
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.94% 2.17% 2.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.35% 5.77% 6.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 327 285 660
10th Percentile £391 £371 £375
25th Percentile £463 £413 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £514 £525
Median % change year-on-year +2.14% -2.10% +5.00%
75th Percentile £602 £594 £575
90th Percentile £693 £665 £625
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 7
Median hourly rate £68.00 £37.27 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +82.48% -22.09% +77.36%
England median hourly rate £58.36 £50.50 £48.12
% change year-on-year +15.55% +4.96% +17.35%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 8,437 8,038 15,191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.25% 37.57% 36.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,317 6,012 11,479
10th Percentile £375 £375 £375
25th Percentile £450 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £530 £525
Median % change year-on-year -0.94% +0.95% +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 41 63
10th Percentile £19.39 £25.00 £24.11
25th Percentile £36.25 £32.75 £27.75
Median hourly rate £50.00 £55.00 £44.18
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +24.49% +3.95%
75th Percentile £65.00 £65.54 £49.57
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £55.95
England median hourly rate £45.00 £46.50 £44.96
% change year-on-year -3.23% +3.43% +7.04%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for XML in London

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in London.

Daily rate trend for XML in London

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in London

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in London.

Hourly rate trend for XML in London

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in London

XML
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the London region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 54 £550 +10.00% 22
East London +25 13 £495 +10.00% 9
West London +19 5 £425 +6.25% 15
South London +20 3 £479 -19.37% 2
XML
England

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for XML.

1 202 (44.79%) JSON
2 171 (37.92%) Java
3 168 (37.25%) SQL
4 143 (31.71%) Agile Software Development
5 123 (27.27%) Web Services
6 119 (26.39%) Finance
7 110 (24.39%) REST
8 108 (23.95%) JavaScript
9 103 (22.84%) HTML
10 97 (21.51%) SOAP
10 97 (21.51%) Git (software)
11 86 (19.07%) Oracle
12 85 (18.85%) SQL Server
13 83 (18.40%) JIRA
13 83 (18.40%) Social Skills
14 75 (16.63%) Azure
15 72 (15.96%) Python
16 69 (15.30%) Jenkins
17 68 (15.08%) Microservices
17 68 (15.08%) TDD
17 68 (15.08%) Banking
18 67 (14.86%) RESTful
19 65 (14.41%) XSLT
20 64 (14.19%) CSS
21 63 (13.97%) .NET
21 63 (13.97%) Relational Database
22 62 (13.75%) Data Modelling
23 61 (13.53%) SOA
23 61 (13.53%) Spring
24 59 (13.08%) Test Automation

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (8.43%) Confluence
2 31 (6.87%) JBoss
3 29 (6.43%) CMS
4 21 (4.66%) Red Hat Fuse
5 19 (4.21%) Mule
6 16 (3.55%) Apache
7 15 (3.33%) Apache Spark
7 15 (3.33%) Tomcat
8 12 (2.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 11 (2.44%) WebSphere
10 10 (2.22%) Apache Airflow
10 10 (2.22%) SharePoint
11 8 (1.77%) IIS
11 8 (1.77%) WebLogic
12 7 (1.55%) Anypoint
13 6 (1.33%) BizTalk Server
13 6 (1.33%) Mule ESB
13 6 (1.33%) Oracle Workflow
14 5 (1.11%) MQSeries
14 5 (1.11%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 10 (2.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (2.00%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (1.11%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.22%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.22%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.22%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 10 (2.22%) SunGard Martini
2 9 (2.00%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 7 (1.55%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (1.55%) Oracle General Ledger
4 5 (1.11%) Oracle EBS R12
4 5 (1.11%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.89%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.89%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 4 (0.89%) Summit
6 3 (0.67%) Cerner Millennium
6 3 (0.67%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.67%) Oracle Assets
7 2 (0.44%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.44%) Oracle FAH
7 2 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
7 2 (0.44%) ResourceLink
7 2 (0.44%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.22%) Maximo
8 1 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 75 (16.63%) Azure
2 58 (12.86%) AWS
3 32 (7.10%) GitHub
4 29 (6.43%) Power Platform
5 19 (4.21%) PaaS
6 17 (3.77%) SaaS
7 15 (3.33%) OpenShift
8 14 (3.10%) Azure Logic Apps
9 13 (2.88%) PowerApps
10 12 (2.66%) Azure Service Bus
10 12 (2.66%) Boomi
10 12 (2.66%) GCP
10 12 (2.66%) IaaS
11 10 (2.22%) Amazon Kinesis
11 10 (2.22%) Azure Data Factory
12 9 (2.00%) Amazon S3
12 9 (2.00%) Amazon SQS
12 9 (2.00%) Power Automate
13 8 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (1.77%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 38 (8.43%) HTTP
2 10 (2.22%) SSL
3 9 (2.00%) TCP/IP
4 7 (1.55%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.89%) DNS
5 4 (0.89%) FTP
6 2 (0.44%) 3GPP
6 2 (0.44%) AMQP
6 2 (0.44%) Extranet
6 2 (0.44%) IMAP
6 2 (0.44%) Intranet
6 2 (0.44%) LAN
6 2 (0.44%) SGSN
6 2 (0.44%) SMTP
6 2 (0.44%) Software-Defined Networking
6 2 (0.44%) SWIFTNet
7 1 (0.22%) Firewall
7 1 (0.22%) SSH
7 1 (0.22%) Wireless
7 1 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (18.85%) SQL Server
2 63 (13.97%) Relational Database
3 55 (12.20%) Data Warehouse
4 30 (6.65%) MySQL
5 27 (5.99%) MongoDB
6 26 (5.76%) NoSQL
7 25 (5.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 19 (4.21%) RDBMS
8 19 (4.21%) Tableau
9 18 (3.99%) Oracle Database
10 15 (3.33%) Power BI
11 14 (3.10%) Big Data
11 14 (3.10%) Parquet
11 14 (3.10%) PostgreSQL
12 13 (2.88%) Data Lake
12 13 (2.88%) Oracle Database 12c
13 12 (2.66%) Snowflake Schema
14 10 (2.22%) SQL Server 2008
15 9 (2.00%) Azure SQL Database
15 9 (2.00%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 97 (21.51%) Git (software)
2 83 (18.40%) JIRA
3 69 (15.30%) Jenkins
4 56 (12.42%) JUnit
5 37 (8.20%) Subversion
6 34 (7.54%) Maven
7 32 (7.10%) Visual Studio
8 22 (4.88%) Gradle
9 20 (4.43%) Mockito
9 20 (4.43%) Xcode
10 17 (3.77%) Artifactory
11 16 (3.55%) Cucumber
12 14 (3.10%) Eclipse
13 12 (2.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 12 (2.66%) Bitbucket
13 12 (2.66%) Oracle APEX
14 11 (2.44%) Hudson
14 11 (2.44%) Team Foundation Server
15 10 (2.22%) CppUnit
15 10 (2.22%) FishEye
General
1 119 (26.39%) Finance
2 83 (18.40%) Social Skills
3 68 (15.08%) Banking
4 38 (8.43%) Analytical Skills
5 32 (7.10%) Investment Banking
6 23 (5.10%) Front Office
7 19 (4.21%) Public Sector
8 17 (3.77%) Back Office
8 17 (3.77%) Telecoms
9 16 (3.55%) Retail
10 14 (3.10%) Marketing
11 13 (2.88%) Manufacturing
12 10 (2.22%) Electronics
13 7 (1.55%) Legal
14 4 (0.89%) Advertising
14 4 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.89%) Presentation Skills
15 3 (0.67%) Publishing
16 2 (0.44%) French Language
16 2 (0.44%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 218 (48.34%) Developer
2 58 (12.86%) Java Developer
3 49 (10.86%) Architect
4 39 (8.65%) Analyst
4 39 (8.65%) Senior Developer
5 32 (7.10%) ServiceNow Developer
6 25 (5.54%) Data Engineer
7 24 (5.32%) Senior Java Developer
8 23 (5.10%) Consultant
9 17 (3.77%) Business Analyst
9 17 (3.77%) Integration Developer
10 16 (3.55%) C++ Developer
10 16 (3.55%) Solutions Architect
11 15 (3.33%) Senior Integration Developer
12 14 (3.10%) iOS Developer
13 13 (2.88%) Data Analyst
13 13 (2.88%) Lead Developer
13 13 (2.88%) Software Engineer
14 12 (2.66%) Python Engineer
15 11 (2.44%) Senior Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 202 (44.79%) JSON
2 123 (27.27%) Web Services
3 110 (24.39%) REST
4 103 (22.84%) HTML
5 97 (21.51%) SOAP
6 67 (14.86%) RESTful
7 65 (14.41%) XSLT
8 64 (14.19%) CSS
9 63 (13.97%) .NET
10 61 (13.53%) Spring
11 42 (9.31%) AngularJS
12 35 (7.76%) Ajax
13 34 (7.54%) JMS
14 29 (6.43%) Middleware
14 29 (6.43%) XSD
15 27 (5.99%) Node.js
16 26 (5.76%) Spring Boot
17 23 (5.10%) Apache Camel
18 22 (4.88%) J2EE
19 20 (4.43%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 27 (5.99%) Fixed Income
2 23 (5.10%) Data Structures
3 20 (4.43%) Equities
4 19 (4.21%) Self-Motivation
5 18 (3.99%) Derivative
6 16 (3.55%) SWIFT
7 14 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
7 14 (3.10%) Management Information System
8 13 (2.88%) Reference Data
9 12 (2.66%) Animation
10 10 (2.22%) Algorithms
10 10 (2.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 10 (2.22%) Mobile App
11 8 (1.77%) User Experience
12 7 (1.55%) iPhone
13 6 (1.33%) Semantic Web
14 5 (1.11%) Cloud Native
15 4 (0.89%) Credit Risk
15 4 (0.89%) Data Centre
15 4 (0.89%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 48 (10.64%) Unix
2 41 (9.09%) Linux
3 29 (6.43%) Windows
4 21 (4.66%) Apple iOS
5 19 (4.21%) Android
6 5 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.22%) CentOS
8 1 (0.22%) Solaris
8 1 (0.22%) Tizen
8 1 (0.22%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.22%) webOS
8 1 (0.22%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.22%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.22%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 143 (31.71%) Agile Software Development
2 68 (15.08%) Microservices
2 68 (15.08%) TDD
3 62 (13.75%) Data Modelling
4 61 (13.53%) SOA
5 59 (13.08%) Test Automation
6 51 (11.31%) DevOps
7 45 (9.98%) Business Intelligence
7 45 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
7 45 (9.98%) MVC
8 42 (9.31%) OO
8 42 (9.31%) Unit Testing
9 38 (8.43%) Scrum
10 36 (7.98%) SDLC
11 33 (7.32%) ETL
12 32 (7.10%) Software Engineering
13 31 (6.87%) ITSM
14 30 (6.65%) Migration
14 30 (6.65%) Multithreading
14 30 (6.65%) UML
Programming Languages
1 171 (37.92%) Java
2 168 (37.25%) SQL
3 108 (23.95%) JavaScript
4 72 (15.96%) Python
5 54 (11.97%) C#
6 32 (7.10%) C++
7 25 (5.54%) XPath
8 24 (5.32%) PL/SQL
8 24 (5.32%) PowerShell
8 24 (5.32%) T-SQL
9 22 (4.88%) Apple Swift
10 19 (4.21%) Java 8
11 18 (3.99%) Objective-C
12 13 (2.88%) Kotlin
13 12 (2.66%) C
13 12 (2.66%) VB.NET
14 11 (2.44%) PHP
15 10 (2.22%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.77%) XQuery
17 7 (1.55%) VBA
Qualifications
1 28 (6.21%) Security Cleared
2 24 (5.32%) SC Cleared
3 16 (3.55%) Degree
4 7 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.11%) AWS Certification
6 3 (0.67%) TOGAF Certification
7 2 (0.44%) ACCA
7 2 (0.44%) CIMA
7 2 (0.44%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.22%) A+ Certification
8 1 (0.22%) CCNA
8 1 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.22%) CITP
8 1 (0.22%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.21%) QA
2 9 (2.00%) ISO 20022
3 7 (1.55%) MiFID
4 6 (1.33%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.67%) SLA
6 2 (0.44%) CDISC
6 2 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.44%) EMIR
6 2 (0.44%) GAAP
6 2 (0.44%) HL7
6 2 (0.44%) IFRS
6 2 (0.44%) ISO 15022
6 2 (0.44%) OASIS TOSCA
7 1 (0.22%) GDPR
7 1 (0.22%) GRC
7 1 (0.22%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 40 (8.87%) Docker
2 8 (1.77%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.11%) HDFS
4 2 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.44%) KVM
4 2 (0.44%) LXC
4 2 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
4 2 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 28 (6.21%) Kubernetes
2 20 (4.43%) Ansible
3 12 (2.66%) Terraform
4 6 (1.33%) Grafana
4 6 (1.33%) Prometheus
5 5 (1.11%) CloudHub
5 5 (1.11%) Puppet
6 4 (0.89%) Docker Swarm
6 4 (0.89%) HP ALM
6 4 (0.89%) Istio
6 4 (0.89%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.67%) Control-M
8 2 (0.44%) Cloudify
8 2 (0.44%) Forum Sentry
8 2 (0.44%) Juju
8 2 (0.44%) Marathon
8 2 (0.44%) Mesos
8 2 (0.44%) Oozie
8 2 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.44%) Rancher
Vendors
1 86 (19.07%) Oracle
2 41 (9.09%) Microsoft
3 38 (8.43%) ServiceNow
4 26 (5.76%) SAP
5 24 (5.32%) MuleSoft
6 20 (4.43%) Atlassian
7 16 (3.55%) Salesforce.com
8 15 (3.33%) Google
9 14 (3.10%) IBM
9 14 (3.10%) Sybase
10 13 (2.88%) Red Hat
10 13 (2.88%) Splunk
11 12 (2.66%) Dell
11 12 (2.66%) Murex
12 10 (2.22%) Bloomberg
12 10 (2.22%) FIS
12 10 (2.22%) SunGard
12 10 (2.22%) webMethods
13 9 (2.00%) Informatica
13 9 (2.00%) TIBCO