Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
England > London
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 157 156 147
Rank change year-on-year -1 -9 -31
Contract jobs citing XML 596 237 737
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.77% 1.79% 1.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.10% 4.66% 5.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 423 144 474
10th Percentile £413 £333 £363
25th Percentile £475 £423 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £675 £638 £575
90th Percentile £763 £700 £650
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 6
10th Percentile £41.60 " £32.35
25th Percentile £65.00 " £47.91
Median hourly rate £68.00 - £62.50
75th Percentile £80.00 " £63.75
90th Percentile £137.00 " "
England median hourly rate £65.52 £55.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year +19.13% +4.76% +26.51%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,677 5,089 13,926
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 34.66% 38.42% 36.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,746 3,751 10,473
10th Percentile £400 £363 £375
25th Percentile £465 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +1.45%
75th Percentile £656 £631 £613
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 25 57
10th Percentile £22.85 £21.90 £15.35
25th Percentile £35.00 £25.00 £33.25
Median hourly rate £49.00 £37.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +30.67% -25.00% +14.61%
75th Percentile £65.00 £48.00 £55.00
90th Percentile £71.00 £55.60 £70.45
England median hourly rate £49.00 £44.50 £46.40
% change year-on-year +10.11% -4.09% +10.68%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for XML in London

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in London.

Daily rate trend for XML in London

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in London

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in London.

Hourly rate trend for XML in London

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in London

XML
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -31 53 £550 - 26
East London +1 16 £480 +113.33% 8
West London -15 6 £500 +21.21% 8
South London -1 5 £500 -2.44% 3
XML
England

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for XML.

1 298 (50.00%) JSON
2 248 (41.61%) SQL
3 225 (37.75%) Java
4 217 (36.41%) Agile Software Development
5 168 (28.19%) REST
6 167 (28.02%) Finance
7 154 (25.84%) JavaScript
8 144 (24.16%) Git (software)
9 143 (23.99%) Web Services
10 140 (23.49%) Oracle
11 127 (21.31%) DevOps
12 125 (20.97%) SOAP
13 124 (20.81%) Banking
14 123 (20.64%) HTML
15 122 (20.47%) Jenkins
16 115 (19.30%) Social Skills
17 113 (18.96%) Python
18 109 (18.29%) SQL Server
19 106 (17.79%) C#
20 102 (17.11%) .NET
21 95 (15.94%) JIRA
22 94 (15.77%) CSS
23 91 (15.27%) Test Automation
24 90 (15.10%) Azure
24 90 (15.10%) Relational Database
25 89 (14.93%) Windows
26 85 (14.26%) Scrum
27 84 (14.09%) Visual Studio
27 84 (14.09%) Unit Testing
28 82 (13.76%) TDD

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.54%) Apache
2 26 (4.36%) Confluence
3 24 (4.03%) CMS
3 24 (4.03%) Tomcat
4 18 (3.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 16 (2.68%) JBoss
6 14 (2.35%) Mule
7 13 (2.18%) DataSynapse
7 13 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (2.18%) WebSphere
8 12 (2.01%) IIS
8 12 (2.01%) WebLogic
9 10 (1.68%) Apache Spark
9 10 (1.68%) BizTalk Server
10 9 (1.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 9 (1.51%) SharePoint
11 7 (1.17%) Red Hat Fuse
12 6 (1.01%) Mule ESB
13 5 (0.84%) nginx
13 5 (0.84%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 37 (6.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (2.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (1.17%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.84%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.34%) Mingle
7 1 (0.17%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 35 (5.87%) SunGard Martini
2 6 (1.01%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.84%) Oracle General Ledger
4 4 (0.67%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.67%) Oracle FAH
4 4 (0.67%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 3 (0.50%) Cerner Millennium
5 3 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.34%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.34%) Workday HCM
7 1 (0.17%) Endur
7 1 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
7 1 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 90 (15.10%) Azure
2 76 (12.75%) AWS
2 76 (12.75%) GitHub
3 30 (5.03%) Power Platform
3 30 (5.03%) SaaS
4 24 (4.03%) GCP
5 18 (3.02%) Azure Data Factory
6 17 (2.85%) Serverless
7 16 (2.68%) Azure Logic Apps
8 14 (2.35%) AWS Lambda
9 12 (2.01%) Apigee
9 12 (2.01%) OpenShift
9 12 (2.01%) PaaS
10 11 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (1.68%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 9 (1.51%) Amazon S3
12 9 (1.51%) GitHub Actions
13 8 (1.34%) iPaaS
13 8 (1.34%) Snowflake
14 7 (1.17%) Azure Event Grid
Communications & Networking
1 36 (6.04%) HTTP
2 34 (5.70%) TCP/IP
3 14 (2.35%) FTP
4 12 (2.01%) Firewall
5 11 (1.85%) SSL
6 9 (1.51%) DNS
7 8 (1.34%) Telnet
8 7 (1.17%) SSH
9 6 (1.01%) DHCP
9 6 (1.01%) SMTP
10 5 (0.84%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.84%) Internet
10 5 (0.84%) LAN
10 5 (0.84%) PuTTY
10 5 (0.84%) SAN
10 5 (0.84%) SNMP
10 5 (0.84%) WinSCP
11 4 (0.67%) WAN
12 3 (0.50%) Software-Defined Networking
12 3 (0.50%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (18.29%) SQL Server
2 90 (15.10%) Relational Database
3 60 (10.07%) Oracle Database
4 48 (8.05%) Data Warehouse
5 38 (6.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 37 (6.21%) NoSQL
6 37 (6.21%) Oracle Database 12c
7 31 (5.20%) MySQL
8 27 (4.53%) Power BI
9 25 (4.19%) RDBMS
10 23 (3.86%) Tableau
11 17 (2.85%) Big Data
11 17 (2.85%) Data Mining
12 16 (2.68%) PostgreSQL
12 16 (2.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 15 (2.52%) MongoDB
14 13 (2.18%) Data Lake
14 13 (2.18%) Hadoop
15 12 (2.01%) BusinessObjects
16 10 (1.68%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 144 (24.16%) Git (software)
2 122 (20.47%) Jenkins
3 95 (15.94%) JIRA
4 84 (14.09%) Visual Studio
5 67 (11.24%) Subversion
6 65 (10.91%) JUnit
7 52 (8.72%) Maven
8 37 (6.21%) TeamCity
9 36 (6.04%) Oracle APEX
10 34 (5.70%) CppUnit
11 28 (4.70%) Artifactory
11 28 (4.70%) Bitbucket
12 25 (4.19%) Gradle
12 25 (4.19%) Mockito
13 23 (3.86%) Postman
14 21 (3.52%) Robot Framework
14 21 (3.52%) Xcode
15 18 (3.02%) Team Foundation Server
16 17 (2.85%) Android Studio
17 16 (2.68%) IntelliJ
General
1 167 (28.02%) Finance
2 124 (20.81%) Banking
3 115 (19.30%) Social Skills
4 60 (10.07%) Investment Banking
5 58 (9.73%) Front Office
6 48 (8.05%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (5.20%) Retail
8 19 (3.19%) Back Office
9 18 (3.02%) Marketing
10 17 (2.85%) Presentation Skills
11 12 (2.01%) Documentation Skills
11 12 (2.01%) Telecoms
12 11 (1.85%) Manufacturing
13 8 (1.34%) Public Sector
14 7 (1.17%) Automotive
14 7 (1.17%) Legal
15 5 (0.84%) Retail Banking
16 4 (0.67%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.67%) General Ledger
16 4 (0.67%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 339 (56.88%) Developer
2 60 (10.07%) Java Developer
3 59 (9.90%) Analyst
4 43 (7.21%) C++ Developer
5 39 (6.54%) Architect
5 39 (6.54%) Senior Developer
6 33 (5.54%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
7 30 (5.03%) Front Office Developer
8 24 (4.03%) Python Developer
9 20 (3.36%) Consultant
10 19 (3.19%) Business Analyst
10 19 (3.19%) Data Engineer
10 19 (3.19%) SQL Developer
11 18 (3.02%) Front Office C++ Developer
12 17 (2.85%) ServiceNow Developer
12 17 (2.85%) Software Engineer
13 16 (2.68%) Android Developer
13 16 (2.68%) Full Stack Developer
13 16 (2.68%) iOS Developer
14 15 (2.52%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 298 (50.00%) JSON
2 168 (28.19%) REST
3 143 (23.99%) Web Services
4 125 (20.97%) SOAP
5 123 (20.64%) HTML
6 102 (17.11%) .NET
7 94 (15.77%) CSS
8 77 (12.92%) Spring
9 70 (11.74%) XSLT
10 63 (10.57%) RESTful
11 62 (10.40%) AngularJS
12 48 (8.05%) React
12 48 (8.05%) Spring Boot
13 41 (6.88%) .NET Framework
14 39 (6.54%) STL
15 37 (6.21%) Boost C++ Libraries
16 34 (5.70%) Node.js
17 30 (5.03%) XSD
18 28 (4.70%) Kafka
19 26 (4.36%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 37 (6.21%) Fixed Income
2 25 (4.19%) Mobile App
3 21 (3.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 20 (3.36%) Derivative
4 20 (3.36%) User Experience
5 19 (3.19%) Wiki
6 16 (2.68%) Reference Data
7 13 (2.18%) Animation
7 13 (2.18%) Social Media
8 12 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
8 12 (2.01%) Management Information System
9 11 (1.85%) Data Structures
10 9 (1.51%) Equities
11 8 (1.34%) Credit Derivative
12 7 (1.17%) iPhone
12 7 (1.17%) OTC Derivatives
13 6 (1.01%) Cloud Native
13 6 (1.01%) Data Protection Act
13 6 (1.01%) SWIFT
13 6 (1.01%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 89 (14.93%) Windows
2 64 (10.74%) Linux
3 48 (8.05%) Unix
4 24 (4.03%) Apple iOS
5 23 (3.86%) Android
6 6 (1.01%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.50%) Solaris
9 2 (0.34%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.34%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.17%) AIX
10 1 (0.17%) Tizen
10 1 (0.17%) webOS
10 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 217 (36.41%) Agile Software Development
2 127 (21.31%) DevOps
3 91 (15.27%) Test Automation
4 85 (14.26%) Scrum
5 84 (14.09%) Unit Testing
6 82 (13.76%) TDD
7 75 (12.58%) Microservices
8 69 (11.58%) Data Modelling
9 63 (10.57%) Software Engineering
10 60 (10.07%) Problem-Solving
11 59 (9.90%) Multithreading
11 59 (9.90%) OO
12 56 (9.40%) MVC
13 54 (9.06%) SDLC
14 52 (8.72%) Workflow
15 48 (8.05%) ETL
16 47 (7.89%) Migration
17 43 (7.21%) Continuous Integration
18 40 (6.71%) Business Intelligence
18 40 (6.71%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 248 (41.61%) SQL
2 225 (37.75%) Java
3 154 (25.84%) JavaScript
4 113 (18.96%) Python
5 106 (17.79%) C#
6 68 (11.41%) C++
7 45 (7.55%) PowerShell
8 40 (6.71%) Java 8
9 31 (5.20%) PL/SQL
10 23 (3.86%) Apple Swift
11 22 (3.69%) Java 11
11 22 (3.69%) T-SQL
12 20 (3.36%) VBA
13 19 (3.19%) C
14 17 (2.85%) Objective-C
15 16 (2.68%) Kotlin
15 16 (2.68%) Shell Script
16 15 (2.52%) Perl
17 11 (1.85%) TypeScript
18 9 (1.51%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 32 (5.37%) Security Cleared
2 30 (5.03%) Degree
3 25 (4.19%) SC Cleared
4 11 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (1.51%) AWS Certification
6 7 (1.17%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.84%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (0.67%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.50%) ACCA
9 3 (0.50%) CIMA
9 3 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.34%) CCIE
11 1 (0.17%) A+ Certification
11 1 (0.17%) CCNA
11 1 (0.17%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.17%) ISEB
11 1 (0.17%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.17%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.17%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (5.70%) QA
2 11 (1.85%) Data Quality
3 9 (1.51%) Accessibility
4 7 (1.17%) ISO 20022
5 6 (1.01%) Dodd-Frank
6 5 (0.84%) MiFID
7 4 (0.67%) EMIR
7 4 (0.67%) HL7
7 4 (0.67%) IFRS
8 3 (0.50%) GAAP
9 2 (0.34%) OASIS TOSCA
10 1 (0.17%) GDPR
10 1 (0.17%) SLA
10 1 (0.17%) SNOMED CT
10 1 (0.17%) Solvency II
System Software
1 53 (8.89%) Docker
2 11 (1.85%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.84%) Virtual Desktop
3 5 (0.84%) Virtual Servers
3 5 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.67%) KVM
4 4 (0.67%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.34%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.34%) LXC
5 2 (0.34%) NFS
5 2 (0.34%) SRDF
5 2 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.34%) Xen
6 1 (0.17%) OpenDJ
6 1 (0.17%) RACF
6 1 (0.17%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 32 (5.37%) Kubernetes
2 21 (3.52%) BladeLogic
3 17 (2.85%) Ansible
4 8 (1.34%) Kibana
4 8 (1.34%) Terraform
5 7 (1.17%) logstash
5 7 (1.17%) Nagios
6 4 (0.67%) CloudHub
6 4 (0.67%) Istio
6 4 (0.67%) Puppet
6 4 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.50%) Control-M
7 3 (0.50%) Grafana
7 3 (0.50%) Tivoli
8 2 (0.34%) CA Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (0.34%) Forum Sentry
8 2 (0.34%) Juju
8 2 (0.34%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.34%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 140 (23.49%) Oracle
2 43 (7.21%) Microsoft
3 36 (6.04%) FIS
4 35 (5.87%) SunGard
5 27 (4.53%) ServiceNow
6 25 (4.19%) Splunk
7 24 (4.03%) IBM
8 23 (3.86%) Murex
9 21 (3.52%) Adobe
10 19 (3.19%) Salesforce.com
11 17 (2.85%) Informatica
11 17 (2.85%) SAP
11 17 (2.85%) Sybase
12 15 (2.52%) MuleSoft
13 13 (2.18%) Google
14 10 (1.68%) Atlassian
14 10 (1.68%) CA
14 10 (1.68%) CA Agile Central
15 9 (1.51%) Databricks
16 8 (1.34%) Red Hat