Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
England > London
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 122 119 121
Rank change year-on-year -3 +2 -33
Contract jobs citing XML 441 617 978
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.22% 2.24% 2.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.07% 6.10% 5.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 413 425 719
Median daily rate £525 £514 £517
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.14% -0.58% +4.44%
10th Percentile £400 £371 £361
90th Percentile £638 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 5
Median hourly rate £68.00 £37.27 £44.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +82.48% -17.03% +68.32%
England median hourly rate £56.50 £50.25 £41.00
% change year-on-year +12.44% +22.56% -

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,271 10,114 16,502
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.53% 36.64% 37.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,357 7,529 12,490
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £375 £371
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 58 61
Median hourly rate £44.25 £48.85 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.42% +22.13% +37.93%
10th Percentile £23.13 £25.33 £24.11
90th Percentile £67.25 £78.75 £53.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year -5.26% +9.20% +8.75%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for XML in London

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in London.

Daily rate trend for XML in London

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in London over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in London

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in London.

Hourly rate trend for XML in London

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in London over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in London

XML
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the London region over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +22 54 £563 +13.07% 25
East London +29 9 £225 -45.91% 8
South London +30 8 £520 -8.97% 2
West London +26 3 - - 12
North London - 1 £318 -
XML
England

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for XML.

1 205 (46.49%) JSON
2 190 (43.08%) Java
3 164 (37.19%) Web Services
4 162 (36.73%) SQL
5 160 (36.28%) Agile Software Development
6 122 (27.66%) Finance
7 113 (25.62%) JavaScript
8 105 (23.81%) REST
9 103 (23.36%) HTML
10 101 (22.90%) SOAP
11 92 (20.86%) Oracle
12 88 (19.95%) XSLT
13 86 (19.50%) Git (software)
14 83 (18.82%) RESTful
15 82 (18.59%) Microservices
15 82 (18.59%) SOA
15 82 (18.59%) Spring
16 81 (18.37%) JIRA
17 77 (17.46%) SQL Server
18 75 (17.01%) Azure
19 74 (16.78%) .NET
19 74 (16.78%) TDD
20 72 (16.33%) CSS
21 66 (14.97%) Data Modelling
22 64 (14.51%) Python
23 63 (14.29%) AWS
24 60 (13.61%) Business Intelligence
25 57 (12.93%) Continuous Integration
26 56 (12.70%) HTTP
26 56 (12.70%) Unix

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (10.88%) Confluence
2 43 (9.75%) Red Hat Fuse
3 40 (9.07%) JBoss
4 33 (7.48%) CMS
5 30 (6.80%) WebSphere
6 26 (5.90%) Mule
7 23 (5.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 21 (4.76%) Apache Spark
9 15 (3.40%) Tomcat
10 14 (3.17%) SharePoint
10 14 (3.17%) WebLogic
11 13 (2.95%) Apache
12 12 (2.72%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (2.49%) Oracle Service Bus
13 11 (2.49%) Oracle Workflow
14 10 (2.27%) Apache Airflow
14 10 (2.27%) Apache ServiceMix
15 9 (2.04%) MQSeries
16 8 (1.81%) IIS
17 6 (1.36%) Appian
Applications
1 10 (2.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.36%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.91%) Adobe XD
3 4 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.91%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.23%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 15 (3.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (2.04%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (1.59%) Summit
4 6 (1.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (1.36%) SunGard Martini
5 5 (1.13%) Oracle EBS R12
6 4 (0.91%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.91%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.91%) Oracle General Ledger
6 4 (0.91%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.68%) Elite 3E
7 3 (0.68%) Oracle Assets
7 3 (0.68%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.45%) Loan IQ
8 2 (0.45%) Maximo
8 2 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.45%) ResourceLink
8 2 (0.45%) SAP HR
9 1 (0.23%) Cerner Millennium
Cloud Services
1 75 (17.01%) Azure
2 63 (14.29%) AWS
3 29 (6.58%) Power Platform
4 21 (4.76%) GitHub
5 20 (4.54%) Boomi
5 20 (4.54%) Logic Apps
6 19 (4.31%) PowerApps
7 13 (2.95%) Amazon S3
7 13 (2.95%) OpenShift
7 13 (2.95%) Serverless
8 12 (2.72%) Apigee
8 12 (2.72%) Dynamics 365
8 12 (2.72%) Microsoft 365
8 12 (2.72%) PaaS
9 11 (2.49%) Amazon SQS
9 11 (2.49%) Power Automate
10 10 (2.27%) Amazon Kinesis
10 10 (2.27%) SaaS
11 9 (2.04%) Azure Functions
12 8 (1.81%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 56 (12.70%) HTTP
2 13 (2.95%) TCP/IP
3 7 (1.59%) HTTPS
3 7 (1.59%) SSL
4 5 (1.13%) Intranet
5 4 (0.91%) DNS
5 4 (0.91%) Firewall
5 4 (0.91%) Internet
6 3 (0.68%) AMQP
6 3 (0.68%) FTP
7 2 (0.45%) Broadband
7 2 (0.45%) Extranet
7 2 (0.45%) IMAP
7 2 (0.45%) SMTP
7 2 (0.45%) SNMP
7 2 (0.45%) SSH
7 2 (0.45%) VPN
7 2 (0.45%) Wireless
8 1 (0.23%) SGSN
8 1 (0.23%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (17.46%) SQL Server
2 51 (11.56%) Relational Database
3 33 (7.48%) Data Warehouse
4 31 (7.03%) MySQL
4 31 (7.03%) NoSQL
5 27 (6.12%) MongoDB
6 19 (4.31%) Parquet
7 18 (4.08%) Data Lake
8 17 (3.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 16 (3.63%) Big Data
10 15 (3.40%) RDBMS
11 14 (3.17%) PostgreSQL
12 13 (2.95%) Azure SQL Database
12 13 (2.95%) Oracle Reports
13 12 (2.72%) Oracle BI Publisher
14 11 (2.49%) Hadoop
14 11 (2.49%) OLTP
14 11 (2.49%) Oracle Database
14 11 (2.49%) Snowflake Schema
14 11 (2.49%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 86 (19.50%) Git (software)
2 81 (18.37%) JIRA
3 56 (12.70%) JUnit
4 55 (12.47%) Jenkins
5 34 (7.71%) Maven
6 29 (6.58%) Visual Studio
7 28 (6.35%) Subversion
8 23 (5.22%) Mockito
9 21 (4.76%) Gradle
10 19 (4.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 16 (3.63%) Cucumber
12 14 (3.17%) Ant
13 13 (2.95%) Hudson
13 13 (2.95%) SonarQube
14 12 (2.72%) Artifactory
14 12 (2.72%) FishEye
14 12 (2.72%) jMock
14 12 (2.72%) Visual Studio Team System
15 11 (2.49%) JMeter
15 11 (2.49%) Oracle Forms
General
1 122 (27.66%) Finance
2 50 (11.34%) Banking
3 49 (11.11%) Public Sector
4 31 (7.03%) Telecoms
5 29 (6.58%) Marketing
6 28 (6.35%) Manufacturing
7 27 (6.12%) Electronics
7 27 (6.12%) Investment Banking
8 23 (5.22%) Front Office
9 12 (2.72%) Back Office
10 8 (1.81%) Advertising
11 6 (1.36%) Legal
11 6 (1.36%) Retail
12 5 (1.13%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.91%) Publishing
14 3 (0.68%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.68%) German Language
14 3 (0.68%) Local Government
15 1 (0.23%) Greek Language
15 1 (0.23%) Hebrew Language
Job Titles
1 230 (52.15%) Developer
2 87 (19.73%) Java Developer
3 55 (12.47%) Architect
4 46 (10.43%) Senior Developer
5 36 (8.16%) Senior Java Developer
6 35 (7.94%) Integration Developer
7 34 (7.71%) ServiceNow Developer
8 31 (7.03%) Analyst
9 25 (5.67%) Senior Integration Developer
10 22 (4.99%) Consultant
10 22 (4.99%) Data Engineer
11 18 (4.08%) Solutions Architect
12 14 (3.17%) DevOps Engineer
12 14 (3.17%) Python Engineer
12 14 (3.17%) SC Cleared Java Developer
13 13 (2.95%) Lead Developer
13 13 (2.95%) Software Engineer
14 12 (2.72%) Business Analyst
14 12 (2.72%) Integration Architect
14 12 (2.72%) Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (46.49%) JSON
2 164 (37.19%) Web Services
3 105 (23.81%) REST
4 103 (23.36%) HTML
5 101 (22.90%) SOAP
6 88 (19.95%) XSLT
7 83 (18.82%) RESTful
8 82 (18.59%) Spring
9 74 (16.78%) .NET
10 72 (16.33%) CSS
11 53 (12.02%) Middleware
12 49 (11.11%) Apache Camel
13 39 (8.84%) AngularJS
14 38 (8.62%) Ajax
15 37 (8.39%) Spring Boot
16 33 (7.48%) XSD
17 32 (7.26%) J2EE
17 32 (7.26%) JMS
18 27 (6.12%) Hibernate
19 25 (5.67%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 38 (8.62%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (6.35%) Data Structures
3 23 (5.22%) Fixed Income
4 21 (4.76%) Enterprise Software
4 21 (4.76%) Equities
5 18 (4.08%) Mobile App
5 18 (4.08%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (3.40%) Derivative
6 15 (3.40%) User Experience
7 11 (2.49%) Algorithms
7 11 (2.49%) SWIFT
8 9 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 9 (2.04%) Management Information System
8 9 (2.04%) Mobile Payment
9 8 (1.81%) Reference Data
10 7 (1.59%) Credit Risk
11 6 (1.36%) W3C
12 5 (1.13%) Cloud Native
12 5 (1.13%) Private Cloud
13 4 (0.91%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 56 (12.70%) Unix
2 48 (10.88%) Linux
3 25 (5.67%) Windows
4 9 (2.04%) Android
4 9 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (1.13%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.68%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.68%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.45%) Solaris
7 2 (0.45%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.23%) AIX
8 1 (0.23%) CentOS
8 1 (0.23%) Tizen
8 1 (0.23%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 160 (36.28%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (18.59%) Microservices
2 82 (18.59%) SOA
3 74 (16.78%) TDD
4 66 (14.97%) Data Modelling
5 60 (13.61%) Business Intelligence
6 57 (12.93%) Continuous Integration
7 53 (12.02%) Test Automation
8 52 (11.79%) Continuous Delivery
9 42 (9.52%) DevOps
10 40 (9.07%) OO
10 40 (9.07%) SDLC
11 37 (8.39%) Scrum
12 33 (7.48%) BDD
12 33 (7.48%) Multithreading
12 33 (7.48%) Workflow
13 31 (7.03%) Unit Testing
14 30 (6.80%) ITSM
15 29 (6.58%) Digital Marketing
15 29 (6.58%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 190 (43.08%) Java
2 162 (36.73%) SQL
3 113 (25.62%) JavaScript
4 64 (14.51%) Python
5 53 (12.02%) C#
6 38 (8.62%) XPath
7 29 (6.58%) PL/SQL
8 26 (5.90%) T-SQL
9 18 (4.08%) PowerShell
10 17 (3.85%) Java 8
10 17 (3.85%) Kotlin
11 15 (3.40%) C++
12 14 (3.17%) Shell Script
13 11 (2.49%) Perl
13 11 (2.49%) VB.NET
14 9 (2.04%) Apple Swift
15 7 (1.59%) C
15 7 (1.59%) PHP
16 6 (1.36%) Bash Shell
16 6 (1.36%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 43 (9.75%) Security Cleared
2 39 (8.84%) SC Cleared
3 23 (5.22%) Degree
4 16 (3.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.36%) AWS Certification
6 3 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.68%) DV Cleared
6 3 (0.68%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.23%) CCNA
7 1 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.23%) CISM
7 1 (0.23%) CISSP
7 1 (0.23%) ISSMP
7 1 (0.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.23%) MCP
7 1 (0.23%) MCSE
7 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
7 1 (0.23%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.23%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.85%) QA
2 4 (0.91%) MiFID
3 3 (0.68%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.45%) CDISC
4 2 (0.45%) SLA
5 1 (0.23%) GDPR
5 1 (0.23%) GxP
5 1 (0.23%) HL7
5 1 (0.23%) ISO 15022
5 1 (0.23%) OASIS TOSCA
5 1 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 36 (8.16%) Docker
2 9 (2.04%) HDFS
3 6 (1.36%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.23%) KVM
6 1 (0.23%) LXC
6 1 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 31 (7.03%) Kubernetes
2 11 (2.49%) Ansible
2 11 (2.49%) Terraform
3 7 (1.59%) Grafana
3 7 (1.59%) Prometheus
4 6 (1.36%) Control-M
5 5 (1.13%) Hadoop YARN
5 5 (1.13%) Puppet
6 4 (0.91%) HP ALM
6 4 (0.91%) Mesos
7 3 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
7 3 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.45%) Marathon
8 2 (0.45%) Oozie
8 2 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.45%) Rancher
9 1 (0.23%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
9 1 (0.23%) Juju
9 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 92 (20.86%) Oracle
2 49 (11.11%) Microsoft
3 38 (8.62%) ServiceNow
4 37 (8.39%) SAP
5 34 (7.71%) Atlassian
6 26 (5.90%) MuleSoft
7 22 (4.99%) Red Hat
8 21 (4.76%) webMethods
9 20 (4.54%) Dell
9 20 (4.54%) TIBCO
10 18 (4.08%) Talend
11 17 (3.85%) Sybase
12 13 (2.95%) Murex
13 12 (2.72%) Axway
13 12 (2.72%) Salesforce.com
14 11 (2.49%) IBM
14 11 (2.49%) WSO2
15 10 (2.27%) Fiorano
15 10 (2.27%) Google
15 10 (2.27%) Jitterbit