Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Gherkin skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Gherkin over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Gherkin
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 470 420 532
Rank change year-on-year -50 +112 -7
Contract jobs citing Gherkin 355 598 406
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.43% 0.58% 0.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.40% 1.65% 1.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 197 386 306
UK median daily rate £425 £445 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.49% +5.33% -6.11%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £538 £575 £569
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £412 £400
% change year-on-year +0.12% +3.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 -
% change year-on-year +7.69% - -

Gherkin is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,425 36,198 33,151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.51% 34.83% 32.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,579 25,497 23,412
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 319 376
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £19.92 £17.00 £18.25
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +2.44% - +10.07%

Gherkin
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Gherkin as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Gherkin in the UK

Gherkin
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Gherkin.

Contractor daily rate trend for Gherkin in the UK

Gherkin
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Gherkin over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Gherkin in the UK

Gherkin
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Gherkin.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Gherkin in the UK

Gherkin
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Gherkin within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -80 285 £425 -5.56% 49
UK excluding London -1 244 £413 +0.12% 35
London -58 104 £450 -5.26% 15
North of England +28 53 £375 -6.31% 12
Scotland +67 50 £375 -4.46% 1
South East +4 45 £463 +15.63% 6
South West -5 45 £425 -3.41% 6
Midlands -16 33 £409 -2.39% 7
Yorkshire +29 24 £350 -22.22% 5
West Midlands -15 23 £409 -3.82% 4
North East +24 17 £375 -3.85% 1
North West +10 12 £375 -6.89% 6
Wales +34 11 £400 +10.34%
East Midlands +17 10 £413 +3.13% 3
East of England +28 5 £413 - 3
Northern Ireland -8 2 £431 +4.61%

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Gherkin also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Gherkin.

1 280 (78.87%) Test Automation
2 263 (74.08%) Agile Software Development
3 244 (68.73%) Cucumber
4 233 (65.63%) Selenium
5 182 (51.27%) BDD
6 164 (46.20%) Java
7 130 (36.62%) QA
8 119 (33.52%) Scrum
9 104 (29.30%) Jenkins
10 93 (26.20%) C#
11 92 (25.92%) Git (software)
12 83 (23.38%) JIRA
13 78 (21.97%) Continuous Integration
14 74 (20.85%) SQL
15 72 (20.28%) JavaScript
16 65 (18.31%) Microservices
17 64 (18.03%) TDD
18 62 (17.46%) WebDriver
18 62 (17.46%) GitHub
19 61 (17.18%) Scala
19 61 (17.18%) Gatling
19 61 (17.18%) JUnit
20 59 (16.62%) RESTful
21 58 (16.34%) JSON
22 57 (16.06%) XML
23 54 (15.21%) Open Source
23 54 (15.21%) API Testing
24 53 (14.93%) Mentoring
24 53 (14.93%) Google
25 51 (14.37%) SpecFlow

Gherkin
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (13.80%) Confluence
2 15 (4.23%) Tomcat
3 14 (3.94%) WebSphere
4 13 (3.66%) nginx
4 13 (3.66%) WebLogic
5 11 (3.10%) JBoss
6 8 (2.25%) Apache
7 6 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.85%) IIS
8 3 (0.85%) Jetty
8 3 (0.85%) Oracle Workflow
9 2 (0.56%) Mule
9 2 (0.56%) Mule ESB
10 1 (0.28%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 5 (1.41%) MS Visio
2 4 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.28%) Magento
2 1 (0.28%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 62 (17.46%) GitHub
2 41 (11.55%) Azure
3 37 (10.42%) Google Analytics
4 15 (4.23%) AWS
5 5 (1.41%) Azure Data Factory
5 5 (1.41%) Sauce Labs
6 2 (0.56%) BrowserStack
6 2 (0.56%) OpenShift
6 2 (0.56%) SaaS
6 2 (0.56%) TestFlight
7 1 (0.28%) Amazon EKS
7 1 (0.28%) npm
7 1 (0.28%) PaaS
7 1 (0.28%) Power Platform
7 1 (0.28%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 38 (10.70%) HTTP
2 35 (9.86%) SSL
2 35 (9.86%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.56%) FTP
4 1 (0.28%) BIG-IP
4 1 (0.28%) DNS
4 1 (0.28%) DSL
4 1 (0.28%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (5.07%) MongoDB
1 18 (5.07%) NoSQL
2 17 (4.79%) DB2
3 12 (3.38%) SQL Server
4 10 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
4 10 (2.82%) MySQL
5 5 (1.41%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
5 5 (1.41%) Big Data
5 5 (1.41%) Cosmos DB
5 5 (1.41%) Data Lake
5 5 (1.41%) Hadoop
5 5 (1.41%) Relational Database
5 5 (1.41%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 2 (0.56%) DB2 UDB
6 2 (0.56%) RDBMS
6 2 (0.56%) SAP HANA
6 2 (0.56%) ZAP BI
7 1 (0.28%) DbVisualizer
7 1 (0.28%) Power BI
7 1 (0.28%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 244 (68.73%) Cucumber
2 233 (65.63%) Selenium
3 104 (29.30%) Jenkins
4 92 (25.92%) Git (software)
5 83 (23.38%) JIRA
6 62 (17.46%) WebDriver
7 61 (17.18%) Gatling
7 61 (17.18%) JUnit
8 51 (14.37%) SpecFlow
9 50 (14.08%) JMeter
10 26 (7.32%) Visual Studio
11 25 (7.04%) Maven
12 22 (6.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 20 (5.63%) Team Foundation Server
13 20 (5.63%) Visual Studio Team System
14 18 (5.07%) SoapUI
15 16 (4.51%) IntelliJ
16 15 (4.23%) Eclipse
16 15 (4.23%) GoogleTest
16 15 (4.23%) Grunt
General
1 48 (13.52%) Finance
1 48 (13.52%) Public Sector
2 14 (3.94%) Retail
3 13 (3.66%) Banking
4 7 (1.97%) Front Office
4 7 (1.97%) Manufacturing
5 6 (1.69%) Marketing
6 5 (1.41%) Electronics
6 5 (1.41%) Telecoms
7 4 (1.13%) Back Office
8 2 (0.56%) Games
9 1 (0.28%) Automotive
9 1 (0.28%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.28%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 84 (23.66%) Developer
2 76 (21.41%) Tester
3 72 (20.28%) Test Engineer
4 57 (16.06%) Analyst
5 51 (14.37%) Automation Tester
6 50 (14.08%) QA Engineer
7 42 (11.83%) Test Automation Engineer
8 38 (10.70%) Test Analyst
9 24 (6.76%) Java Developer
10 22 (6.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 21 (5.92%) QA Leader
12 18 (5.07%) Developer in Test
13 15 (4.23%) QA Analyst
14 13 (3.66%) Test Automation Developer
15 12 (3.38%) Automation Test Analyst
15 12 (3.38%) QA Automation Engineer
15 12 (3.38%) QA Tester
16 11 (3.10%) Selenium Tester
17 10 (2.82%) Java Engineer
18 9 (2.54%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (16.62%) RESTful
2 58 (16.34%) JSON
3 57 (16.06%) XML
4 47 (13.24%) REST
5 45 (12.68%) Web Services
6 43 (12.11%) CSS
7 38 (10.70%) HTML
7 38 (10.70%) Node.js
8 34 (9.58%) Play Framework
9 33 (9.30%) HTML5
10 28 (7.89%) AngularJS
11 26 (7.32%) Spring
12 24 (6.76%) CSS3
12 24 (6.76%) Sass
13 21 (5.92%) SOAP
14 19 (5.35%) .NET
15 13 (3.66%) jQuery
16 12 (3.38%) Hibernate
16 12 (3.38%) Servlets
17 10 (2.82%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 21 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
2 19 (5.35%) User Experience
3 9 (2.54%) Linux Command Line
4 8 (2.25%) Derivative
5 4 (1.13%) Cloud Native
5 4 (1.13%) Video on Demand
6 3 (0.85%) Greenfield Project
6 3 (0.85%) Market Risk
7 2 (0.56%) DataPower
7 2 (0.56%) Equities
7 2 (0.56%) Mobile App
7 2 (0.56%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (0.56%) SWIFT
8 1 (0.28%) AS400
8 1 (0.28%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (0.28%) IPTV
8 1 (0.28%) iSeries
8 1 (0.28%) Online Games
8 1 (0.28%) OTC Derivatives
8 1 (0.28%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 35 (9.86%) Linux
2 23 (6.48%) Unix
3 14 (3.94%) Windows
4 13 (3.66%) Ubuntu
5 4 (1.13%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.56%) Android
7 1 (0.28%) CentOS
7 1 (0.28%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 280 (78.87%) Test Automation
2 263 (74.08%) Agile Software Development
3 182 (51.27%) BDD
4 119 (33.52%) Scrum
5 78 (21.97%) Continuous Integration
6 65 (18.31%) Microservices
7 64 (18.03%) TDD
8 54 (15.21%) API Testing
8 54 (15.21%) Open Source
9 53 (14.93%) Mentoring
10 50 (14.08%) Performance Testing
11 49 (13.80%) Continuous Improvement
12 47 (13.24%) User Stories
13 46 (12.96%) DevOps
13 46 (12.96%) Regression Testing
14 45 (12.68%) Kanban
15 43 (12.11%) Analytics
16 39 (10.99%) Problem-Solving
17 37 (10.42%) Acceptance Criteria
17 37 (10.42%) Lean Software Development
Programming Languages
1 164 (46.20%) Java
2 93 (26.20%) C#
3 74 (20.85%) SQL
4 72 (20.28%) JavaScript
5 61 (17.18%) Scala
6 45 (12.68%) Python
7 28 (7.89%) Groovy
8 23 (6.48%) Ruby
9 17 (4.79%) C
10 16 (4.51%) C++
11 12 (3.38%) Haskell
11 12 (3.38%) Perl
12 10 (2.82%) Shell Script
13 9 (2.54%) Bash Shell
13 9 (2.54%) Java 8
14 3 (0.85%) Apple Swift
14 3 (0.85%) ES6
14 3 (0.85%) PowerShell
14 3 (0.85%) TypeScript
15 2 (0.56%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 41 (11.55%) Security Cleared
2 32 (9.01%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.79%) ISTQB
4 16 (4.51%) Degree
5 10 (2.82%) ISEB
6 5 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.85%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.85%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.85%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 1 (0.28%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (36.62%) QA
2 23 (6.48%) WCAG
3 2 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 39 (10.99%) Docker
2 1 (0.28%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 39 (10.99%) Kibana
2 35 (9.86%) Grafana
3 14 (3.94%) Kubernetes
3 14 (3.94%) Puppet
4 8 (2.25%) Ansible
4 8 (2.25%) Nessus
4 8 (2.25%) Nmap
4 8 (2.25%) Red Hat Satellite
4 8 (2.25%) WSUS
5 6 (1.69%) Terraform
6 4 (1.13%) logstash
7 3 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
9 1 (0.28%) CA Service Virtualization
9 1 (0.28%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.28%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 53 (14.93%) Google
2 30 (8.45%) Atlassian
3 24 (6.76%) Microsoft
4 15 (4.23%) Oracle
5 14 (3.94%) Adobe
6 13 (3.66%) IBM
7 9 (2.54%) HP
7 9 (2.54%) SAP
8 8 (2.25%) BMC
8 8 (2.25%) Red Hat
8 8 (2.25%) Tripwire
8 8 (2.25%) webMethods
9 5 (1.41%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 3 (0.85%) hybris
11 2 (0.56%) BEA
11 2 (0.56%) Perfecto Mobile
11 2 (0.56%) ServiceNow
12 1 (0.28%) CA
12 1 (0.28%) Omniture
12 1 (0.28%) Salesforce.com