Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 240 236 277
Rank change year-on-year -4 +41 +47
Permanent jobs citing Cucumber 2,264 2,734 2,332
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.42% 1.53% 1.27%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.18% 7.56% 6.75%
Number of salaries quoted 1,728 2,147 1,979
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £33,650
90th Percentile £77,500 £70,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 31,520 36,148 34,549
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.82% 20.18% 18.79%
Number of salaries quoted 25,242 29,513 29,700
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Salary trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 2,051 £52,500 +5.00% 296
UK excluding London -14 1,201 £45,000 -5.26% 205
London -22 1,020 £65,000 +13.04% 119
North of England -38 336 £42,500 -10.53% 45
South East +3 257 £50,000 - 40
Midlands +1 211 £44,250 -1.67% 41
North West -13 170 £40,000 -5.88% 26
South West -6 141 £47,500 -5.00% 34
Scotland +39 132 £47,500 +2.70% 21
Yorkshire -45 126 £45,000 -10.00% 15
East Midlands +9 121 £43,500 -3.33% 17
West Midlands +10 90 £50,000 +11.11% 24
East of England -27 77 £52,500 +5.00% 17
Wales +40 47 £40,000 +5.96% 6
North East +14 40 £42,500 +6.25% 4
Northern Ireland -14 1 £72,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,685 (74.43%) Test Automation
2 1,603 (70.80%) Agile Software Development
3 1,565 (69.13%) Selenium
4 1,554 (68.64%) Java
5 1,075 (47.48%) BDD
6 910 (40.19%) Jenkins
7 835 (36.88%) QA
8 733 (32.38%) TDD
9 706 (31.18%) JavaScript
10 660 (29.15%) Scrum
11 613 (27.08%) C#
12 599 (26.46%) Continuous Integration
13 572 (25.27%) JIRA
14 536 (23.67%) SQL
15 535 (23.63%) Gherkin
16 531 (23.45%) WebDriver
17 525 (23.19%) Git (software)
18 524 (23.14%) Finance
19 431 (19.04%) JUnit
20 403 (17.80%) Amazon AWS
21 376 (16.61%) Software Testing
22 368 (16.25%) REST
23 353 (15.59%) DevOps
24 347 (15.33%) Docker
24 347 (15.33%) SDET
25 345 (15.24%) Web Services
26 337 (14.89%) Spring
27 335 (14.80%) Microservices
28 330 (14.58%) JMeter
29 329 (14.53%) Python

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (9.14%) Confluence
2 74 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
3 69 (3.05%) IIS
4 62 (2.74%) Tomcat
5 55 (2.43%) Apache
6 53 (2.34%) Cloud Foundry
7 47 (2.08%) WebSphere
8 35 (1.55%) JBoss
9 29 (1.28%) Apache Solr
10 28 (1.24%) Anypoint
11 23 (1.02%) CMS
12 22 (0.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 16 (0.71%) Apache TomEE
14 11 (0.49%) GlassFish
15 10 (0.44%) Drupal
15 10 (0.44%) Jetty
15 10 (0.44%) WebLogic
16 9 (0.40%) OpenStack
16 9 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 8 (0.35%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 8 (0.35%) Mingle
2 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.088%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.088%) Snapchat
4 1 (0.044%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.044%) HipChat
4 1 (0.044%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.044%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 10 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.18%) Ripple
2 4 (0.18%) SAP FI-CA
2 4 (0.18%) SAP PSCD
3 3 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.088%) Global One
4 2 (0.088%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 403 (17.80%) Amazon AWS
2 192 (8.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 120 (5.30%) GitHub
4 51 (2.25%) Google Cloud Platform
5 47 (2.08%) Serverless
6 42 (1.86%) G Suite
6 42 (1.86%) Office 365
7 41 (1.81%) SaaS
8 36 (1.59%) BrowserStack
9 35 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
10 34 (1.50%) OpenShift
11 33 (1.46%) Sauce Labs
12 28 (1.24%) npm
13 25 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
14 23 (1.02%) BlazeMeter
15 21 (0.93%) Slack
16 20 (0.88%) PaaS
17 17 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
17 17 (0.75%) CloudBees
18 16 (0.71%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 37 (1.63%) HTTP
2 28 (1.24%) Internet
3 15 (0.66%) SSL
4 5 (0.22%) DSL
4 5 (0.22%) Firewall
5 4 (0.18%) DVB
5 4 (0.18%) OpenVPN
5 4 (0.18%) SNMP
5 4 (0.18%) VPN
6 3 (0.13%) AMQP
6 3 (0.13%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.13%) PPP
6 3 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.088%) Broadband
7 2 (0.088%) FTP
7 2 (0.088%) SMS
7 2 (0.088%) SSH
7 2 (0.088%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.088%) VoIP
8 1 (0.044%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (8.83%) SQL Server
2 134 (5.92%) MongoDB
2 134 (5.92%) MySQL
3 127 (5.61%) NoSQL
4 83 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
5 78 (3.45%) Relational Database
6 52 (2.30%) Big Data
7 49 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
8 35 (1.55%) Hadoop
8 35 (1.55%) Redis
9 26 (1.15%) Blockchain
10 23 (1.02%) Oracle Database
11 17 (0.75%) Apache Hive
11 17 (0.75%) RDBMS
12 14 (0.62%) DB2
13 13 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
14 12 (0.53%) Oracle Database 11g
14 12 (0.53%) SQLite
15 11 (0.49%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (0.44%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 1,565 (69.13%) Selenium
2 910 (40.19%) Jenkins
3 572 (25.27%) JIRA
4 531 (23.45%) WebDriver
5 525 (23.19%) Git (software)
6 431 (19.04%) JUnit
7 330 (14.58%) JMeter
8 313 (13.83%) Maven
9 299 (13.21%) SpecFlow
10 290 (12.81%) SoapUI
11 219 (9.67%) Appium
12 172 (7.60%) TeamCity
13 149 (6.58%) NUnit
14 139 (6.14%) Gradle
15 134 (5.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 122 (5.39%) JBehave
17 118 (5.21%) Protractor
18 110 (4.86%) LoadRunner
19 106 (4.68%) Mockito
20 92 (4.06%) HP UFT
General
1 524 (23.14%) Finance
2 184 (8.13%) Banking
3 141 (6.23%) Retail
4 59 (2.61%) Games
5 52 (2.30%) Marketing
6 46 (2.03%) Advertising
7 31 (1.37%) Retail Banking
8 28 (1.24%) Investment Banking
9 27 (1.19%) Electronics
10 26 (1.15%) Telecoms
11 25 (1.10%) Financial Institution
12 20 (0.88%) Manufacturing
13 19 (0.84%) Law
14 13 (0.57%) Publishing
15 10 (0.44%) Back Office
16 5 (0.22%) Billing
17 4 (0.18%) Automotive
17 4 (0.18%) Front Office
17 4 (0.18%) Legal
18 2 (0.088%) Military
Job Titles
1 692 (30.57%) Developer
2 471 (20.80%) Test Engineer
3 367 (16.21%) Tester
4 319 (14.09%) Java Developer
5 314 (13.87%) Analyst
6 313 (13.83%) Developer in Test
7 284 (12.54%) Test Analyst
8 270 (11.93%) Test Automation Engineer
9 267 (11.79%) Automation Tester
10 254 (11.22%) QA Engineer
11 184 (8.13%) Java Engineer
12 178 (7.86%) Software Engineer
13 166 (7.33%) Senior Developer
14 160 (7.07%) Software Developer
15 142 (6.27%) QA Automation Engineer
16 139 (6.14%) Software Test Engineer
17 112 (4.95%) Test Automation Developer
18 108 (4.77%) Java Developer in Test
19 105 (4.64%) Automation Test Analyst
20 92 (4.06%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 535 (23.63%) Gherkin
2 368 (16.25%) REST
3 345 (15.24%) Web Services
4 337 (14.89%) Spring
5 271 (11.97%) .NET
6 260 (11.48%) HTML
7 251 (11.09%) SOAP
8 232 (10.25%) XML
9 231 (10.20%) Node.js
10 223 (9.85%) AngularJS
11 219 (9.67%) JSON
12 218 (9.63%) CSS
13 188 (8.30%) RESTful
14 155 (6.85%) Spring Boot
15 133 (5.87%) Hibernate
16 126 (5.57%) React
17 109 (4.81%) HTML5
18 77 (3.40%) jQuery
19 75 (3.31%) ASP.NET Web API
20 70 (3.09%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 162 (7.16%) Fintech
2 137 (6.05%) User Experience
3 129 (5.70%) Mobile App
4 108 (4.77%) Analytical Skills
5 86 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
6 56 (2.47%) Self-Motivation
7 51 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
8 29 (1.28%) Cloud Native
9 23 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
10 18 (0.80%) NHS
11 17 (0.75%) Mobile Banking
11 17 (0.75%) Public Cloud
12 13 (0.57%) e-Learning
13 11 (0.49%) Tandem
14 10 (0.44%) Algorithms
14 10 (0.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 10 (0.44%) Mainframe
15 8 (0.35%) Data Structures
16 7 (0.31%) Cyberthreat
16 7 (0.31%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 210 (9.28%) Linux
2 133 (5.87%) Windows
3 104 (4.59%) Android
4 98 (4.33%) Unix
5 97 (4.28%) Apple iOS
6 22 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.40%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.27%) CentOS
9 4 (0.18%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.088%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,685 (74.43%) Test Automation
2 1,603 (70.80%) Agile Software Development
3 1,075 (47.48%) BDD
4 733 (32.38%) TDD
5 660 (29.15%) Scrum
6 599 (26.46%) Continuous Integration
7 376 (16.61%) Software Testing
8 353 (15.59%) DevOps
9 347 (15.33%) SDET
10 335 (14.80%) Microservices
11 327 (14.44%) Test Scripting
12 295 (13.03%) Open Source
13 283 (12.50%) API Testing
14 275 (12.15%) Software Engineering
15 247 (10.91%) Manual Testing
16 217 (9.58%) SDLC
17 212 (9.36%) Test Strategy
18 205 (9.05%) Kanban
19 204 (9.01%) OO
20 202 (8.92%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,554 (68.64%) Java
2 706 (31.18%) JavaScript
3 613 (27.08%) C#
4 536 (23.67%) SQL
5 329 (14.53%) Python
6 289 (12.77%) Ruby
7 151 (6.67%) Java 8
8 103 (4.55%) C++
9 85 (3.75%) PowerShell
10 77 (3.40%) PHP
11 71 (3.14%) Scala
12 68 (3.00%) TypeScript
13 50 (2.21%) Groovy
14 42 (1.86%) C
15 41 (1.81%) Shell Script
16 33 (1.46%) ES6
16 33 (1.46%) Go
17 31 (1.37%) Bash Shell
18 24 (1.06%) Perl
19 21 (0.93%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 258 (11.40%) Degree
2 163 (7.20%) ISTQB
3 118 (5.21%) Security Cleared
4 117 (5.17%) ISEB
5 77 (3.40%) SC Cleared
6 41 (1.81%) DV Cleared
7 40 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
8 37 (1.63%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (0.40%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 6 (0.27%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
12 4 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
13 2 (0.088%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.088%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.044%) HNC
14 1 (0.044%) ISEB Practitioner
14 1 (0.044%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.044%) MCSE
14 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 835 (36.88%) QA
2 13 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 13 (0.57%) PMO
3 8 (0.35%) ISO 9001
4 4 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.044%) GDPR
6 1 (0.044%) MiFID
6 1 (0.044%) PSD2
6 1 (0.044%) SEPA
6 1 (0.044%) SLA
System Software
1 347 (15.33%) Docker
2 70 (3.09%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.57%) Hyper-V
4 13 (0.57%) Varnish
5 8 (0.35%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.31%) Firmware
7 4 (0.18%) Squid
7 4 (0.18%) VMware Server
8 3 (0.13%) Postfix
8 3 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.088%) HDFS
10 1 (0.044%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.044%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.044%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 142 (6.27%) Kubernetes
2 126 (5.57%) Ansible
3 88 (3.89%) Puppet
4 65 (2.87%) Terraform
5 63 (2.78%) HP Quality Center
6 52 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
7 40 (1.77%) HP ALM
8 14 (0.62%) Mesos
9 13 (0.57%) Rancher
10 11 (0.49%) Marathon
11 7 (0.31%) CA Service Virtualization
11 7 (0.31%) Kibana
12 4 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.18%) Nagios
12 4 (0.18%) Packer
12 4 (0.18%) Rundeck
12 4 (0.18%) Salt
13 2 (0.088%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 2 (0.088%) Consul
13 2 (0.088%) HockeyApp
Vendors
1 209 (9.23%) Oracle
2 99 (4.37%) Google
3 77 (3.40%) HP
4 75 (3.31%) Microsoft
5 63 (2.78%) Splunk
6 59 (2.61%) Atlassian
7 32 (1.41%) AppDynamics
7 32 (1.41%) SAP
8 29 (1.28%) IBM
8 29 (1.28%) MuleSoft
8 29 (1.28%) WorldPay
9 28 (1.24%) New Relic
9 28 (1.24%) VMware
10 22 (0.97%) Adobe
11 17 (0.75%) Cognizant
12 13 (0.57%) Red Hat
13 11 (0.49%) Apiary
13 11 (0.49%) hybris
13 11 (0.49%) Sybase
14 10 (0.44%) CA