Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 279 273 248
Rank change year-on-year -6 -25 -6
Permanent jobs citing Cucumber 1,364 831 2,027
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.21% 1.18% 1.40%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.77% 5.92% 7.22%
Number of salaries quoted 868 652 1,542
10th Percentile £38,944 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,625 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 23,659 14,041 28,077
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.02% 19.86% 19.33%
Number of salaries quoted 15,299 11,372 22,528
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,434 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.43% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Salary trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 1,235 £60,000 +9.09% 156
UK excluding London -6 698 £50,000 +5.26% 98
London -24 568 £65,000 - 69
South East +80 342 £55,000 +10.00% 22
Work from Home -113 229 £57,500 -7.58% 33
South West -82 107 £57,000 +21.93% 20
North of England -46 106 £47,500 +6.15% 27
Yorkshire -34 53 £47,500 +0.53% 10
Midlands -45 53 £52,500 +28.05% 13
North West -38 44 £45,000 +5.88% 13
Scotland -55 40 £50,000 +11.11% 8
West Midlands -38 39 £65,000 +67.74% 8
East of England -6 30 £60,000 +50.00% 2
East Midlands -44 14 £41,000 -18.00% 5
Wales -33 13 £45,000 - 5
North East -11 9 £34,750 -13.13% 4
Northern Ireland -32 9 £42,500 -5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,005 (73.68%) Agile Software Development
2 923 (67.67%) Java
3 849 (62.24%) Test Automation
4 750 (54.99%) Selenium
5 706 (51.76%) Jenkins
6 635 (46.55%) BDD
7 501 (36.73%) AWS
8 490 (35.92%) Git (software)
9 477 (34.97%) JavaScript
10 475 (34.82%) DevOps
11 474 (34.75%) QA
12 443 (32.48%) TDD
13 441 (32.33%) Software Testing
14 385 (28.23%) Finance
15 381 (27.93%) Python
16 376 (27.57%) Spring
17 375 (27.49%) Scrum
18 372 (27.27%) Microservices
19 343 (25.15%) React
20 342 (25.07%) Node.js
21 338 (24.78%) Software Engineering
22 317 (23.24%) JIRA
23 307 (22.51%) Cypress.io
23 307 (22.51%) JUnit
24 295 (21.63%) Degree
25 291 (21.33%) AngularJS
26 288 (21.11%) GitHub
27 284 (20.82%) Ansible
28 282 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
29 278 (20.38%) Kafka

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (14.96%) GemFire
2 176 (12.90%) Apache
3 168 (12.32%) Apache Spark
4 110 (8.06%) Confluence
5 52 (3.81%) Elasticsearch
6 41 (3.01%) Tomcat
7 37 (2.71%) Cloud Foundry
8 21 (1.54%) CMS
9 12 (0.88%) SharePoint
10 11 (0.81%) Headless CMS
11 7 (0.51%) JBoss
12 4 (0.29%) nginx
12 4 (0.29%) Tornado
12 4 (0.29%) Umbraco
13 2 (0.15%) Camunda
13 2 (0.15%) Moodle
13 2 (0.15%) Mule
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle Workflow
13 2 (0.15%) WildFly
14 1 (0.073%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 10 (0.73%) Figma
2 7 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.22%) Mingle
4 3 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.15%) Loan IQ
2 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
2 2 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
2 2 (0.15%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 501 (36.73%) AWS
2 288 (21.11%) GitHub
3 267 (19.57%) Azure
4 154 (11.29%) GCP
5 121 (8.87%) Amazon Kinesis
6 76 (5.57%) SaaS
7 71 (5.21%) BrowserStack
8 61 (4.47%) OpenShift
9 54 (3.96%) Serverless
10 52 (3.81%) PaaS
11 47 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
12 33 (2.42%) Amazon SQS
13 25 (1.83%) Amazon S3
13 25 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
14 22 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
15 18 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 17 (1.25%) AWS CodePipeline
17 16 (1.17%) Slack
18 15 (1.10%) Firebase
18 15 (1.10%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 43 (3.15%) HTTP
2 30 (2.20%) Calico
3 22 (1.61%) Broadband
4 10 (0.73%) SSH
5 6 (0.44%) SWIFTNet
6 5 (0.37%) Wireshark
7 4 (0.29%) PBX
7 4 (0.29%) PSTN
7 4 (0.29%) TETRA
8 3 (0.22%) Skype
9 1 (0.073%) Internet
9 1 (0.073%) OpenLDAP
9 1 (0.073%) SMS
9 1 (0.073%) SSL
9 1 (0.073%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.073%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 238 (17.45%) PostgreSQL
2 192 (14.08%) Relational Database
3 168 (12.32%) Redis
4 167 (12.24%) HBase
4 167 (12.24%) MariaDB
5 157 (11.51%) NoSQL
6 121 (8.87%) Big Data
7 75 (5.50%) MySQL
8 47 (3.45%) SQL Server
9 46 (3.37%) MongoDB
10 31 (2.27%) Hadoop
11 13 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 11 (0.81%) Blockchain
13 10 (0.73%) RDBMS
14 9 (0.66%) Oracle Database
15 8 (0.59%) Hazelcast
15 8 (0.59%) Oracle Database 10g
15 8 (0.59%) Oracle Database 11g
16 6 (0.44%) Amazon RDS
16 6 (0.44%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 750 (54.99%) Selenium
2 706 (51.76%) Jenkins
3 490 (35.92%) Git (software)
4 317 (23.24%) JIRA
5 307 (22.51%) Cypress.io
5 307 (22.51%) JUnit
6 245 (17.96%) Protractor
7 221 (16.20%) Gradle
8 213 (15.62%) Eclipse
8 213 (15.62%) Postman
9 210 (15.40%) Sonatype Nexus
10 196 (14.37%) IntelliJ
11 188 (13.78%) Mockito
12 186 (13.64%) Storybook
13 176 (12.90%) JMeter
14 172 (12.61%) WebDriver
15 137 (10.04%) Maven
16 122 (8.94%) Artifactory
17 119 (8.72%) SoapUI
18 101 (7.40%) REST Assured
General
1 385 (28.23%) Finance
2 275 (20.16%) Banking
3 274 (20.09%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 239 (17.52%) Law
5 223 (16.35%) Social Skills
6 71 (5.21%) Public Sector
7 70 (5.13%) Analytical Skills
8 63 (4.62%) Games
9 43 (3.15%) Retail
10 35 (2.57%) Back Office
11 27 (1.98%) Presentation Skills
12 25 (1.83%) Marketing
13 22 (1.61%) Telecoms
14 21 (1.54%) Advertising
15 20 (1.47%) Electronics
16 17 (1.25%) Manufacturing
17 16 (1.17%) Legal
18 13 (0.95%) Publishing
19 12 (0.88%) Retail Banking
20 10 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 293 (21.48%) Developer
2 221 (16.20%) Software Engineer
3 180 (13.20%) QA Engineer
4 169 (12.39%) Tester
5 161 (11.80%) Test Engineer
6 133 (9.75%) Automation Tester
7 114 (8.36%) Java Developer
8 95 (6.96%) Automation Engineer
9 86 (6.30%) Software Developer
10 80 (5.87%) Lead Developer
10 80 (5.87%) Principal Engineer
10 80 (5.87%) Test Automation Engineer
11 76 (5.57%) QA Automation Engineer
12 72 (5.28%) Java Engineer
13 69 (5.06%) Principal Software Engineer
14 61 (4.47%) Developer in Test
15 50 (3.67%) Analyst
15 50 (3.67%) Lead Software Engineer
16 46 (3.37%) Senior Software Engineer
17 45 (3.30%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 376 (27.57%) Spring
2 343 (25.15%) React
3 342 (25.07%) Node.js
4 291 (21.33%) AngularJS
5 278 (20.38%) Kafka
6 277 (20.31%) CSS
7 262 (19.21%) REST
8 259 (18.99%) RESTful
9 249 (18.26%) Gherkin
10 221 (16.20%) JSON
11 214 (15.69%) WireMock
12 211 (15.47%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 206 (15.10%) Redux
14 190 (13.93%) Express
15 174 (12.76%) Tailwind CSS
16 172 (12.61%) RabbitMQ
17 166 (12.17%) Spark Streaming
18 149 (10.92%) Play Framework
19 144 (10.56%) Web Services
20 134 (9.82%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 183 (13.42%) Linux Command Line
2 123 (9.02%) User Experience
3 113 (8.28%) Self-Motivation
4 74 (5.43%) Mobile App
5 46 (3.37%) Greenfield Project
6 26 (1.91%) Virtual Team
7 20 (1.47%) Cyberattack
7 20 (1.47%) iPhone
8 18 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 18 (1.32%) Life Science
9 17 (1.25%) NHS
10 16 (1.17%) Cloud Native
10 16 (1.17%) Management Information System
10 16 (1.17%) Social Media
11 14 (1.03%) Data Centre
12 13 (0.95%) Video\Live Streaming
13 12 (0.88%) Video on Demand
14 9 (0.66%) Enterprise Software
15 8 (0.59%) Data Structures
15 8 (0.59%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 268 (19.65%) Linux
2 209 (15.32%) Unix
3 41 (3.01%) Android
4 31 (2.27%) Windows
5 25 (1.83%) Apple iOS
6 23 (1.69%) CentOS
7 20 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.29%) Tizen
8 4 (0.29%) webOS
8 4 (0.29%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.15%) Alpine Linux
9 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,005 (73.68%) Agile Software Development
2 849 (62.24%) Test Automation
3 635 (46.55%) BDD
4 475 (34.82%) DevOps
5 443 (32.48%) TDD
6 441 (32.33%) Software Testing
7 375 (27.49%) Scrum
8 372 (27.27%) Microservices
9 338 (24.78%) Software Engineering
10 282 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
11 275 (20.16%) Computer Science
12 216 (15.84%) Digital Banking
13 195 (14.30%) OO
14 193 (14.15%) API Testing
15 192 (14.08%) SDET
16 189 (13.86%) Cross-Browser Testing
17 187 (13.71%) Validation
18 179 (13.12%) Fintech
19 167 (12.24%) Open Source
20 162 (11.88%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 923 (67.67%) Java
2 477 (34.97%) JavaScript
3 381 (27.93%) Python
4 234 (17.16%) SQL
5 195 (14.30%) C#
5 195 (14.30%) Groovy
6 192 (14.08%) Shell Script
7 97 (7.11%) TypeScript
8 71 (5.21%) Ruby
9 64 (4.69%) Go
10 54 (3.96%) Bash Shell
11 44 (3.23%) Java 8
12 40 (2.93%) C
13 30 (2.20%) ES6
14 29 (2.13%) Scala
15 28 (2.05%) C++
16 25 (1.83%) PHP
17 24 (1.76%) PL/SQL
17 24 (1.76%) PowerShell
18 14 (1.03%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 295 (21.63%) Degree
2 192 (14.08%) OCP
2 192 (14.08%) Oracle Certification
3 103 (7.55%) Security Cleared
4 86 (6.30%) SC Cleared
5 72 (5.28%) Computer Science Degree
6 56 (4.11%) ISTQB
7 30 (2.20%) DV Cleared
8 18 (1.32%) ISEB
8 18 (1.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 7 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 4 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.29%) CITP
11 4 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.15%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.15%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 474 (34.75%) QA
2 33 (2.42%) Accessibility
3 29 (2.13%) SLA
4 8 (0.59%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.44%) ISO 15022
6 5 (0.37%) WCAG
7 4 (0.29%) SEPA
8 1 (0.073%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.073%) NCSC
8 1 (0.073%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.073%) PSD2
System Software
1 185 (13.56%) Docker
2 166 (12.17%) HDFS
3 118 (8.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (2.27%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.22%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 284 (20.82%) Ansible
2 155 (11.36%) Kubernetes
3 91 (6.67%) Opscode Chef
4 56 (4.11%) Kibana
5 54 (3.96%) Terraform
6 34 (2.49%) Puppet
7 30 (2.20%) Grafana
8 19 (1.39%) HP Quality Center
9 15 (1.10%) Mesos
10 11 (0.81%) Istio
11 10 (0.73%) logstash
12 8 (0.59%) Consul
12 8 (0.59%) Fortio
12 8 (0.59%) Kiali
12 8 (0.59%) Packer
13 3 (0.22%) Prometheus
14 2 (0.15%) HP Fortify
14 2 (0.15%) Marathon
14 2 (0.15%) OpenNebula
14 2 (0.15%) vRealize
Vendors
1 176 (12.90%) VMware
2 173 (12.68%) Okta
3 133 (9.75%) Oracle
4 60 (4.40%) Microsoft
5 35 (2.57%) Atlassian
6 32 (2.35%) Google
7 23 (1.69%) New Relic
8 20 (1.47%) SAP
9 19 (1.39%) PayPal
10 17 (1.25%) IBM
11 12 (0.88%) AppDynamics
11 12 (0.88%) Cognizant
11 12 (0.88%) HP
11 12 (0.88%) ServiceNow
11 12 (0.88%) Splunk
12 9 (0.66%) Xamarin
13 7 (0.51%) LexisNexis
14 6 (0.44%) SaltStack
15 5 (0.37%) CA Agile Central
16 4 (0.29%) Sony