Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 306 264 258
Rank change year-on-year -42 -6 -13
Permanent jobs citing Cucumber 1,447 591 1,779
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.15% 1.22% 1.31%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.54% 5.82% 6.89%
Number of salaries quoted 849 448 1,302
10th Percentile £37,500 £38,750 £33,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £45,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% +10.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £67,563 £72,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £77,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 26,100 10,156 25,823
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.78% 20.97% 18.94%
Number of salaries quoted 16,064 8,453 20,628
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £83,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Salary trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 1,306 £60,000 - 168
UK excluding London +6 753 £47,500 -5.00% 103
London -78 599 £67,500 +8.00% 78
South East +49 370 £52,500 +5.00% 23
Work from Home -144 201 £52,500 -10.64% 34
North of England -34 132 £47,500 +5.56% 32
South West -88 104 £57,500 +15.00% 20
North West -48 63 £47,500 -29.63% 14
Yorkshire -71 59 £47,500 +5.56% 12
Midlands -73 59 £52,500 +64.06% 10
West Midlands -88 45 £57,500 +82.54% 8
Scotland -60 44 £45,000 -14.29% 7
East of England -78 21 £60,000 -20.00% 3
Wales -44 17 £45,000 - 7
East Midlands -66 14 £41,000 +9.33% 2
North East -26 11 £33,000 -8.33% 6
Northern Ireland -43 8 £37,500 -21.05% 1

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,002 (69.25%) Agile Software Development
2 955 (66.00%) Java
3 859 (59.36%) Test Automation
4 810 (55.98%) Selenium
5 763 (52.73%) Jenkins
6 624 (43.12%) BDD
7 552 (38.15%) Git (software)
7 552 (38.15%) QA
8 519 (35.87%) DevOps
9 492 (34.00%) JavaScript
10 469 (32.41%) AWS
11 432 (29.85%) TDD
12 418 (28.89%) Software Testing
13 411 (28.40%) Finance
14 403 (27.85%) Scrum
15 401 (27.71%) Node.js
16 395 (27.30%) Microservices
17 391 (27.02%) Python
18 386 (26.68%) React
19 377 (26.05%) Spring
20 357 (24.67%) Cypress.io
21 354 (24.46%) JUnit
22 353 (24.40%) Software Engineering
23 340 (23.50%) GitHub
24 321 (22.18%) JIRA
25 317 (21.91%) AngularJS
26 309 (21.35%) Degree
27 306 (21.15%) REST
28 301 (20.80%) Inclusion and Diversity
29 296 (20.46%) Azure

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 215 (14.86%) GemFire
2 192 (13.27%) Apache
3 181 (12.51%) Apache Spark
4 112 (7.74%) Confluence
5 43 (2.97%) Elasticsearch
6 39 (2.70%) Cloud Foundry
7 36 (2.49%) Tomcat
8 22 (1.52%) CMS
9 14 (0.97%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.83%) Headless CMS
11 4 (0.28%) JBoss
11 4 (0.28%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 3 (0.21%) IIS
12 3 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
13 2 (0.14%) Jetty
13 2 (0.14%) Moodle
13 2 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 1 (0.069%) Alfresco
14 1 (0.069%) nginx
Applications
1 9 (0.62%) Figma
2 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.21%) Mingle
3 3 (0.21%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.14%) Actimize
2 2 (0.14%) Loan IQ
3 1 (0.069%) SAP FI-CA
3 1 (0.069%) SAP HCM
3 1 (0.069%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 469 (32.41%) AWS
2 340 (23.50%) GitHub
3 296 (20.46%) Azure
4 171 (11.82%) GCP
5 132 (9.12%) Amazon Kinesis
6 84 (5.81%) OpenShift
7 81 (5.60%) SaaS
8 63 (4.35%) Serverless
9 53 (3.66%) PaaS
10 44 (3.04%) AWS Lambda
11 43 (2.97%) BrowserStack
12 32 (2.21%) Amazon S3
13 28 (1.94%) npm
14 26 (1.80%) Amazon SQS
14 26 (1.80%) Slack
15 22 (1.52%) Yarn
16 20 (1.38%) AWS CloudFormation
17 19 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
17 19 (1.31%) BlazeMeter
18 16 (1.11%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 49 (3.39%) HTTP
2 31 (2.14%) Broadband
2 31 (2.14%) Calico
3 6 (0.41%) SSH
3 6 (0.41%) SWIFTNet
4 5 (0.35%) PBX
4 5 (0.35%) PSTN
4 5 (0.35%) TETRA
4 5 (0.35%) Wireshark
5 2 (0.14%) Firewall
6 1 (0.069%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.069%) OpenLDAP
6 1 (0.069%) SSL
6 1 (0.069%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.069%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 245 (16.93%) PostgreSQL
2 195 (13.48%) Relational Database
3 182 (12.58%) Redis
4 181 (12.51%) HBase
5 178 (12.30%) NoSQL
6 177 (12.23%) MariaDB
7 129 (8.91%) Big Data
8 67 (4.63%) MongoDB
9 66 (4.56%) MySQL
10 46 (3.18%) SQL Server
11 33 (2.28%) Hadoop
12 17 (1.17%) Blockchain
13 14 (0.97%) Oracle Database
14 13 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
15 12 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 12 (0.83%) RDBMS
16 10 (0.69%) Oracle Database 10g
16 10 (0.69%) Oracle Database 11g
17 8 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
18 7 (0.48%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 810 (55.98%) Selenium
2 763 (52.73%) Jenkins
3 552 (38.15%) Git (software)
4 357 (24.67%) Cypress.io
5 354 (24.46%) JUnit
6 321 (22.18%) JIRA
7 272 (18.80%) Postman
8 266 (18.38%) Protractor
9 253 (17.48%) Gradle
10 224 (15.48%) Sonatype Nexus
11 223 (15.41%) Eclipse
12 206 (14.24%) IntelliJ
13 205 (14.17%) Mockito
14 201 (13.89%) Storybook
15 182 (12.58%) JMeter
16 162 (11.20%) WebDriver
17 136 (9.40%) Artifactory
18 128 (8.85%) Maven
19 121 (8.36%) REST Assured
20 107 (7.39%) SonarQube
General
1 411 (28.40%) Finance
2 301 (20.80%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 261 (18.04%) Banking
4 257 (17.76%) Law
5 231 (15.96%) Social Skills
6 69 (4.77%) Games
7 66 (4.56%) Public Sector
8 59 (4.08%) Analytical Skills
9 57 (3.94%) Retail
10 30 (2.07%) Back Office
11 24 (1.66%) Electronics
12 19 (1.31%) Advertising
13 15 (1.04%) Telecoms
14 14 (0.97%) Marketing
14 14 (0.97%) Presentation Skills
15 13 (0.90%) Manufacturing
15 13 (0.90%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.83%) Legal
17 11 (0.76%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.69%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 301 (20.80%) Developer
2 240 (16.59%) Software Engineer
3 217 (15.00%) QA Engineer
4 181 (12.51%) Tester
5 168 (11.61%) Test Engineer
6 139 (9.61%) Automation Tester
7 114 (7.88%) Java Developer
8 97 (6.70%) Automation Engineer
9 93 (6.43%) Test Automation Engineer
10 90 (6.22%) Software Developer
11 89 (6.15%) Principal Engineer
12 79 (5.46%) Lead Developer
13 78 (5.39%) Principal Software Engineer
14 74 (5.11%) QA Automation Engineer
15 65 (4.49%) Senior QA Engineer
16 63 (4.35%) Java Engineer
17 62 (4.28%) Lead Software Engineer
18 49 (3.39%) Developer in Test
19 44 (3.04%) Software Test Engineer
20 42 (2.90%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 401 (27.71%) Node.js
2 386 (26.68%) React
3 377 (26.05%) Spring
4 317 (21.91%) AngularJS
5 306 (21.15%) REST
6 292 (20.18%) RESTful
7 290 (20.04%) CSS
8 283 (19.56%) Kafka
9 243 (16.79%) JSON
10 239 (16.52%) WireMock
11 229 (15.83%) Redux
12 227 (15.69%) Gherkin
13 225 (15.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 217 (15.00%) Express
15 184 (12.72%) Tailwind CSS
16 181 (12.51%) Spark Streaming
17 176 (12.16%) Play Framework
18 174 (12.02%) RabbitMQ
19 153 (10.57%) LAMP
20 151 (10.44%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 189 (13.06%) Linux Command Line
2 140 (9.68%) User Experience
3 120 (8.29%) Self-Motivation
4 64 (4.42%) Mobile App
5 40 (2.76%) Greenfield Project
6 34 (2.35%) Virtual Team
7 26 (1.80%) Cloud Native
8 24 (1.66%) Cyberattack
9 22 (1.52%) Social Media
10 18 (1.24%) Life Science
11 17 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 17 (1.17%) Management Information System
12 16 (1.11%) iPhone
13 15 (1.04%) Data Centre
13 15 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
14 14 (0.97%) NHS
15 13 (0.90%) Data Protection Act
15 13 (0.90%) Video\Live Streaming
16 11 (0.76%) Algorithms
17 9 (0.62%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 262 (18.11%) Linux
2 213 (14.72%) Unix
3 33 (2.28%) Windows
4 32 (2.21%) Android
5 26 (1.80%) CentOS
6 24 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 24 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.28%) Tizen
7 4 (0.28%) webOS
7 4 (0.28%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.14%) Alpine Linux
9 1 (0.069%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,002 (69.25%) Agile Software Development
2 859 (59.36%) Test Automation
3 624 (43.12%) BDD
4 519 (35.87%) DevOps
5 432 (29.85%) TDD
6 418 (28.89%) Software Testing
7 403 (27.85%) Scrum
8 395 (27.30%) Microservices
9 353 (24.40%) Software Engineering
10 284 (19.63%) Computer Science
11 272 (18.80%) Continuous Integration
12 239 (16.52%) API Testing
13 223 (15.41%) Digital Banking
14 217 (15.00%) Full Stack Development
15 205 (14.17%) Cross-Browser Testing
15 205 (14.17%) OO
16 201 (13.89%) Validation
17 199 (13.75%) SDET
18 186 (12.85%) Fintech
19 184 (12.72%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 955 (66.00%) Java
2 492 (34.00%) JavaScript
3 391 (27.02%) Python
4 231 (15.96%) SQL
5 223 (15.41%) Groovy
6 199 (13.75%) Shell Script
7 168 (11.61%) C#
8 90 (6.22%) TypeScript
9 75 (5.18%) Ruby
10 61 (4.22%) Go
11 46 (3.18%) ES6
12 43 (2.97%) Bash Shell
13 42 (2.90%) Java 8
14 35 (2.42%) C
15 28 (1.94%) PHP
16 27 (1.87%) Scala
17 23 (1.59%) C++
17 23 (1.59%) Kotlin
18 17 (1.17%) PowerShell
19 12 (0.83%) ES7
Qualifications
1 309 (21.35%) Degree
2 209 (14.44%) OCP
2 209 (14.44%) Oracle Certification
3 104 (7.19%) Security Cleared
4 70 (4.84%) SC Cleared
5 65 (4.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 44 (3.04%) ISTQB
7 30 (2.07%) DV Cleared
8 14 (0.97%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 12 (0.83%) ISEB
10 7 (0.48%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 5 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.21%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.14%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.14%) CITP
13 2 (0.14%) MBA
14 1 (0.069%) CBAP
14 1 (0.069%) ISEB Practitioner
14 1 (0.069%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 552 (38.15%) QA
2 39 (2.70%) Accessibility
3 30 (2.07%) SLA
4 8 (0.55%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.41%) ISO 15022
5 6 (0.41%) WCAG
6 4 (0.28%) SEPA
7 2 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.14%) PSD2
8 1 (0.069%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 199 (13.75%) Docker
2 181 (12.51%) HDFS
3 128 (8.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (2.42%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.35%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.35%) Firmware
7 1 (0.069%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 280 (19.35%) Ansible
2 170 (11.75%) Kubernetes
3 93 (6.43%) Opscode Chef
4 69 (4.77%) Terraform
5 50 (3.46%) Kibana
6 33 (2.28%) Grafana
7 25 (1.73%) Puppet
8 18 (1.24%) HP Quality Center
9 16 (1.11%) Mesos
10 11 (0.76%) Packer
11 10 (0.69%) logstash
12 8 (0.55%) Consul
12 8 (0.55%) Prometheus
13 7 (0.48%) Istio
14 6 (0.41%) HP ALM
15 5 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
16 4 (0.28%) MIIS
17 3 (0.21%) OpenNebula
17 3 (0.21%) Rancher
18 2 (0.14%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 186 (12.85%) VMware
2 184 (12.72%) Okta
3 126 (8.71%) Oracle
4 62 (4.28%) Cognizant
5 50 (3.46%) Microsoft
6 43 (2.97%) Atlassian
7 36 (2.49%) Google
8 26 (1.80%) New Relic
9 21 (1.45%) PayPal
10 16 (1.11%) HP
11 14 (0.97%) LexisNexis
12 13 (0.90%) Xamarin
13 12 (0.83%) SAP
13 12 (0.83%) Splunk
14 8 (0.55%) IBM
15 7 (0.48%) AppDynamics
15 7 (0.48%) CA Agile Central
15 7 (0.48%) Coverity
16 5 (0.35%) Guidewire
16 5 (0.35%) Mercator