Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 205 154 191
Rank change year-on-year -51 +37 +4
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,100 1,657 1,257
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.37% 1.79% 1.40%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.50% 8.59% 7.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 761 1,154 879
England median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £345 £350 £325
90th Percentile £601 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £458 £430
% change year-on-year -1.64% +6.40% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 0
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% +50.00% -44.44%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 14,667 19,293 16,347
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.23% 20.88% 18.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,675 13,346 11,291
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £332 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 200 210 273
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
10th Percentile £23.93 £26.48 £30.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.63 £59.75
UK median hourly rate £44.26 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.14% - +3.03%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -69 494 £475 -2.56% 65
South East +6 198 £460 +2.22% 32
North of England +5 171 £415 -3.49% 39
South West +6 133 £450 +5.88% 26
Midlands -49 72 £425 +3.66% 14
Yorkshire -1 68 £415 -7.78% 18
North West -18 55 £425 +2.91% 14
North East +55 48 £358 -19.66% 7
West Midlands -40 38 £438 +2.94% 7
East of England +13 33 £425 -5.56% 17
East Midlands -8 33 £400 - 7
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 762 (69.27%) Agile Software Development
2 748 (68.00%) Test Automation
3 710 (64.55%) Selenium
4 655 (59.55%) Java
5 434 (39.45%) Jenkins
6 406 (36.91%) BDD
7 358 (32.55%) JavaScript
8 306 (27.82%) JIRA
9 300 (27.27%) TDD
10 289 (26.27%) Scrum
11 267 (24.27%) DevOps
12 250 (22.73%) Git (software)
13 248 (22.55%) SQL
14 247 (22.45%) QA
15 215 (19.55%) Docker
16 210 (19.09%) Gherkin
17 207 (18.82%) Continuous Integration
18 183 (16.64%) WebDriver
19 182 (16.55%) Maven
20 177 (16.09%) AngularJS
21 173 (15.73%) Spring
22 170 (15.45%) Web Services
23 161 (14.64%) JUnit
24 160 (14.55%) HTML
24 160 (14.55%) Confluence
25 154 (14.00%) Microservices
26 147 (13.36%) Node.js
27 146 (13.27%) REST
27 146 (13.27%) AWS
28 144 (13.09%) Azure

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (14.55%) Confluence
2 61 (5.55%) Elasticsearch
3 42 (3.82%) Apache
3 42 (3.82%) Tomcat
4 34 (3.09%) JBoss
5 21 (1.91%) WebSphere
6 19 (1.73%) WebLogic
7 18 (1.64%) nginx
8 15 (1.36%) Apache Solr
8 15 (1.36%) Apache Spark
8 15 (1.36%) CMS
9 13 (1.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 11 (1.00%) Jetty
11 10 (0.91%) SharePoint
12 9 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
12 9 (0.82%) Mule
13 7 (0.64%) Apache ServiceMix
14 6 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (0.45%) CoreMedia CMS
15 5 (0.45%) Liferay
Applications
1 13 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.091%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.091%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.91%) Magento
2 9 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.45%) Fredhopper
3 5 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.091%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.091%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.091%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 146 (13.27%) AWS
2 144 (13.09%) Azure
3 132 (12.00%) GitHub
4 39 (3.55%) BrowserStack
5 32 (2.91%) GCP
6 30 (2.73%) Serverless
7 26 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
7 26 (2.36%) Sauce Labs
8 24 (2.18%) npm
8 24 (2.18%) OpenShift
9 23 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
10 21 (1.91%) Google Analytics
11 19 (1.73%) Amazon ECS
11 19 (1.73%) Amazon S3
12 14 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (1.18%) Amazon SQS
14 12 (1.09%) PaaS
15 9 (0.82%) Azure Data Factory
16 8 (0.73%) Amazon EMR
16 8 (0.73%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 56 (5.09%) HTTP
2 25 (2.27%) SSL
2 25 (2.27%) TCP/IP
3 7 (0.64%) Kerberos
4 6 (0.55%) SSH
5 5 (0.45%) FTP
6 4 (0.36%) DSL
7 3 (0.27%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.18%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.18%) Internet
8 2 (0.18%) MQTT
9 1 (0.091%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 120 (10.91%) MongoDB
2 71 (6.45%) SQL Server
3 65 (5.91%) Relational Database
4 60 (5.45%) MySQL
5 53 (4.82%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (4.27%) NoSQL
7 35 (3.18%) Hadoop
8 31 (2.82%) Big Data
9 27 (2.45%) Neo4j
10 19 (1.73%) RDBMS
11 17 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
12 16 (1.45%) Data Lake
13 14 (1.27%) Oracle Database
14 13 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 13 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
15 10 (0.91%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 9 (0.82%) Blockchain
17 8 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
17 8 (0.73%) DbVisualizer
17 8 (0.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 710 (64.55%) Selenium
2 434 (39.45%) Jenkins
3 306 (27.82%) JIRA
4 250 (22.73%) Git (software)
5 183 (16.64%) WebDriver
6 182 (16.55%) Maven
7 161 (14.64%) JUnit
8 124 (11.27%) JMeter
9 93 (8.45%) Mockito
10 80 (7.27%) SoapUI
11 71 (6.45%) SpecFlow
12 67 (6.09%) Protractor
13 62 (5.64%) Gatling
14 61 (5.55%) TeamCity
15 58 (5.27%) Subversion
16 57 (5.18%) Jasmine
17 55 (5.00%) Appium
18 50 (4.55%) Karma Test Runner
19 47 (4.27%) Ant
20 46 (4.18%) Gradle
General
1 134 (12.18%) Finance
2 86 (7.82%) Banking
3 57 (5.18%) Public Sector
4 42 (3.82%) Retail
5 31 (2.82%) Front Office
6 16 (1.45%) Games
7 14 (1.27%) Investment Banking
7 14 (1.27%) Telecoms
8 12 (1.09%) Law
8 12 (1.09%) Marketing
9 8 (0.73%) Manufacturing
10 7 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
11 6 (0.55%) Advertising
12 3 (0.27%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.18%) Automotive
13 2 (0.18%) Back Office
13 2 (0.18%) Electronics
13 2 (0.18%) Police
13 2 (0.18%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.091%) French Language
Job Titles
1 369 (33.55%) Developer
2 194 (17.64%) Tester
3 177 (16.09%) Java Developer
4 158 (14.36%) Test Engineer
5 153 (13.91%) Analyst
6 145 (13.18%) Automation Tester
7 126 (11.45%) Test Analyst
8 87 (7.91%) Test Automation Engineer
9 72 (6.55%) Senior Developer
10 62 (5.64%) Automation Test Analyst
11 60 (5.45%) Developer in Test
12 54 (4.91%) Senior Java Developer
13 48 (4.36%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 42 (3.82%) Software Developer
15 39 (3.55%) Java Engineer
15 39 (3.55%) QA Engineer
16 38 (3.45%) JavaScript Developer
17 34 (3.09%) DevOps Engineer
17 34 (3.09%) QA Analyst
17 34 (3.09%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 210 (19.09%) Gherkin
2 177 (16.09%) AngularJS
3 173 (15.73%) Spring
4 170 (15.45%) Web Services
5 160 (14.55%) HTML
6 147 (13.36%) Node.js
7 146 (13.27%) REST
8 140 (12.73%) CSS
9 135 (12.27%) RESTful
10 102 (9.27%) SOAP
11 96 (8.73%) XML
12 87 (7.91%) React
13 80 (7.27%) HTML5
14 78 (7.09%) Hibernate
15 75 (6.82%) Spring Boot
16 72 (6.55%) .NET
16 72 (6.55%) JSON
17 49 (4.45%) CSS3
18 45 (4.09%) Redux
19 38 (3.45%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 75 (6.82%) User Experience
2 52 (4.73%) Analytical Skills
3 33 (3.00%) Greenfield Project
4 24 (2.18%) Mobile App
5 22 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
6 16 (1.45%) Derivative
7 14 (1.27%) NHS
8 13 (1.18%) Algorithms
8 13 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
9 10 (0.91%) Self-Motivation
10 9 (0.82%) Cloud Native
10 9 (0.82%) Virtual Team
11 8 (0.73%) Data Structures
12 7 (0.64%) Mobile Banking
13 6 (0.55%) Video on Demand
14 5 (0.45%) Equities
14 5 (0.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 5 (0.45%) Public Cloud
15 4 (0.36%) Digital Media
15 4 (0.36%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 98 (8.91%) Linux
2 93 (8.45%) Unix
3 58 (5.27%) Windows
4 36 (3.27%) Android
5 34 (3.09%) Apple iOS
6 27 (2.45%) Ubuntu
7 20 (1.82%) Mac OS X
7 20 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.09%) CentOS
8 12 (1.09%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.36%) Debian
10 2 (0.18%) Solaris
11 1 (0.091%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 762 (69.27%) Agile Software Development
2 748 (68.00%) Test Automation
3 406 (36.91%) BDD
4 300 (27.27%) TDD
5 289 (26.27%) Scrum
6 267 (24.27%) DevOps
7 207 (18.82%) Continuous Integration
8 154 (14.00%) Microservices
9 118 (10.73%) Kanban
10 104 (9.45%) Test Strategy
11 98 (8.91%) Test Scripting
12 97 (8.82%) API Testing
13 92 (8.36%) Open Source
14 91 (8.27%) Software Engineering
15 90 (8.18%) Manual Testing
16 89 (8.09%) SDET
17 82 (7.45%) OO
17 82 (7.45%) Regression Testing
18 78 (7.09%) Performance Testing
19 75 (6.82%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 655 (59.55%) Java
2 358 (32.55%) JavaScript
3 248 (22.55%) SQL
4 141 (12.82%) Python
5 140 (12.73%) C#
6 118 (10.73%) Java 8
7 87 (7.91%) Ruby
8 73 (6.64%) Scala
9 50 (4.55%) Groovy
10 48 (4.36%) TypeScript
11 36 (3.27%) ES6
12 30 (2.73%) C++
13 29 (2.64%) C
13 29 (2.64%) PL/SQL
14 25 (2.27%) Perl
14 25 (2.27%) Shell Script
15 20 (1.82%) Bash Shell
16 17 (1.55%) Kotlin
17 13 (1.18%) T-SQL
18 12 (1.09%) Go
Qualifications
1 139 (12.64%) Security Cleared
2 112 (10.18%) ISTQB
3 94 (8.55%) ISEB
4 83 (7.55%) SC Cleared
5 51 (4.64%) Degree
6 45 (4.09%) DV Cleared
7 33 (3.00%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 19 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
9 16 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (0.55%) BC Cleared
10 6 (0.55%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 4 (0.36%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.18%) Master's Degree
13 1 (0.091%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 247 (22.45%) QA
2 12 (1.09%) WCAG
3 5 (0.45%) GDPR
4 3 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.18%) HL7
5 2 (0.18%) PMBOK
6 1 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.091%) EMIR
6 1 (0.091%) MiFID
6 1 (0.091%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.091%) PSD2
6 1 (0.091%) SLA
System Software
1 215 (19.55%) Docker
2 9 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (0.36%) HDFS
3 4 (0.36%) vSphere
4 3 (0.27%) KVM
4 3 (0.27%) oVirt
4 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.091%) Postfix
5 1 (0.091%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 99 (9.00%) Kubernetes
2 84 (7.64%) Ansible
3 39 (3.55%) Puppet
4 36 (3.27%) Terraform
5 33 (3.00%) Kibana
6 28 (2.55%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (2.27%) HP Quality Center
8 20 (1.82%) Grafana
9 6 (0.55%) logstash
10 5 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
10 5 (0.45%) Salt
11 4 (0.36%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 4 (0.36%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 3 (0.27%) CA Service Virtualization
12 3 (0.27%) Control-M
12 3 (0.27%) Graphite
12 3 (0.27%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.27%) Pingdom
12 3 (0.27%) ZABBIX
13 2 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 103 (9.36%) Oracle
2 65 (5.91%) Microsoft
3 50 (4.55%) Google
4 45 (4.09%) Atlassian
5 37 (3.36%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 28 (2.55%) Adobe
7 26 (2.36%) IBM
8 19 (1.73%) hybris
9 18 (1.64%) MuleSoft
10 14 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
10 14 (1.27%) Splunk
11 13 (1.18%) HP
12 12 (1.09%) webMethods
13 11 (1.00%) Elastic Path
13 11 (1.00%) ForgeRock
13 11 (1.00%) Red Hat
13 11 (1.00%) SAP
13 11 (1.00%) VMware
14 9 (0.82%) Perfecto Mobile
15 6 (0.55%) Demandware