Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 247 210 155
Rank change year-on-year -37 -55 +17
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 384 741 1,644
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.00% 1.24% 1.85%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.86% 7.18% 8.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 338 550 1,117
Median daily rate £455 £475 £468
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.21% +1.60% +3.31%
10th Percentile £340 £351 £335
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £466 £475 £463
% change year-on-year -1.84% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
Median hourly rate £58.00 £58.00 -
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £58.00 -
% change year-on-year -31.03% - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,558 10,315 18,927
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.99% 17.30% 21.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,419 7,152 13,268
Median daily rate £475 £490 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.06% -2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £330 £338
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £480
% change year-on-year - -1.04% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 148 222
Median hourly rate £45.50 £47.25 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.70% +7.39% -2.22%
10th Percentile £30.00 £17.43 £23.65
90th Percentile £61.25 £64.12 £55.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.18
% change year-on-year -5.26% +7.51% -1.82%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 7 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 230 £475 -5.00% 56
North of England +24 43 £475 +9.51% 17
South East +8 37 £450 -8.86% 10
Midlands +23 34 £360 -14.79% 6
West Midlands +17 25 £360 -15.89% 4
North West +40 17 £450 -2.70% 5
North East +3 17 £500 +15.27% 4
South West -15 14 £450 -10.00% 13
East of England +56 11 £425 +3.03% 5
Yorkshire +28 9 £475 +26.67% 8
East Midlands +19 9 £468 +24.67% 2
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 286 (74.48%) Java
2 254 (66.15%) Test Automation
3 238 (61.98%) Agile Software Development
4 210 (54.69%) Selenium
5 207 (53.91%) BDD
6 179 (46.61%) Jenkins
7 134 (34.90%) JIRA
8 118 (30.73%) TDD
9 116 (30.21%) Microservices
10 114 (29.69%) DevOps
11 112 (29.17%) REST
12 111 (28.91%) Git (software)
13 101 (26.30%) JavaScript
14 97 (25.26%) Maven
15 95 (24.74%) SQL
16 92 (23.96%) QA
17 88 (22.92%) Spring
18 86 (22.40%) Docker
19 82 (21.35%) JUnit
20 81 (21.09%) Kubernetes
20 81 (21.09%) AWS
21 75 (19.53%) Banking
21 75 (19.53%) Continuous Integration
22 70 (18.23%) Scrum
22 70 (18.23%) Finance
23 69 (17.97%) Security Cleared
24 67 (17.45%) Gherkin
25 59 (15.36%) Web Services
26 55 (14.32%) Confluence
27 54 (14.06%) Test Scripting

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (14.32%) Confluence
2 19 (4.95%) Elasticsearch
3 17 (4.43%) Mule
4 14 (3.65%) JBoss
5 13 (3.39%) WebSphere
6 12 (3.13%) Apache Spark
6 12 (3.13%) Tomcat
7 11 (2.86%) Red Hat Fuse
8 9 (2.34%) Jetty
8 9 (2.34%) WebLogic
9 7 (1.82%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (1.56%) SharePoint
11 4 (1.04%) Apache
12 3 (0.78%) Anypoint
13 2 (0.52%) CMS
13 2 (0.52%) Documentum
13 2 (0.52%) Jupyter
13 2 (0.52%) nginx
13 2 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 1 (0.26%) Alfresco
Applications
1 9 (2.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.26%) Figma
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (1.30%) SAP FI-CA
2 4 (1.04%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (1.04%) SAP HCM
3 3 (0.78%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.78%) ION MarketView
3 3 (0.78%) SAP PSCD
4 2 (0.52%) Magento
4 2 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.26%) Exstream
5 1 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 81 (21.09%) AWS
2 52 (13.54%) Azure
3 25 (6.51%) GitHub
4 18 (4.69%) GCP
5 16 (4.17%) OpenShift
6 15 (3.91%) Serverless
7 13 (3.39%) IaaS
8 11 (2.86%) Tricentis Tosca
9 10 (2.60%) BrowserStack
10 9 (2.34%) AWS Lambda
11 8 (2.08%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (2.08%) Slack
12 6 (1.56%) Amazon EKS
12 6 (1.56%) Sauce Labs
13 5 (1.30%) Firebase
13 5 (1.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 4 (1.04%) Amazon S3
14 4 (1.04%) Bitrise
14 4 (1.04%) Microsoft 365
14 4 (1.04%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 20 (5.21%) HTTP
2 8 (2.08%) Internet
3 6 (1.56%) Unified Communications
4 5 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 4 (1.04%) DSL
5 4 (1.04%) Kerberos
5 4 (1.04%) SSL
6 3 (0.78%) DMARC
6 3 (0.78%) DNS
6 3 (0.78%) SMS
6 3 (0.78%) SMTP
7 2 (0.52%) LAN
8 1 (0.26%) FTP
8 1 (0.26%) PuTTY
8 1 (0.26%) SSH
8 1 (0.26%) SWIFTNet
8 1 (0.26%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (8.59%) MongoDB
2 25 (6.51%) NoSQL
3 24 (6.25%) SQL Server
4 22 (5.73%) Relational Database
5 18 (4.69%) MySQL
6 15 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (2.60%) Hadoop
8 8 (2.08%) Apache Hive
9 5 (1.30%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.30%) Oracle Database
10 4 (1.04%) Big Data
10 4 (1.04%) BigQuery
10 4 (1.04%) DB2
10 4 (1.04%) HBase
10 4 (1.04%) Impala
11 3 (0.78%) Amazon Athena
11 3 (0.78%) CockroachDB
12 2 (0.52%) Cloud Spanner
12 2 (0.52%) Data Lake
12 2 (0.52%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 210 (54.69%) Selenium
2 179 (46.61%) Jenkins
3 134 (34.90%) JIRA
4 111 (28.91%) Git (software)
5 97 (25.26%) Maven
6 82 (21.35%) JUnit
7 52 (13.54%) Postman
8 48 (12.50%) REST Assured
9 47 (12.24%) JMeter
10 42 (10.94%) WebDriver
11 41 (10.68%) GitLab
12 39 (10.16%) SoapUI
13 36 (9.38%) SpecFlow
14 22 (5.73%) Gatling
14 22 (5.73%) Mockito
15 21 (5.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 21 (5.47%) Cypress.io
16 18 (4.69%) SonarQube
17 17 (4.43%) Eclipse
18 16 (4.17%) IntelliJ
General
1 75 (19.53%) Banking
2 70 (18.23%) Finance
3 41 (10.68%) Public Sector
4 22 (5.73%) Investment Banking
5 15 (3.91%) Retail Banking
6 14 (3.65%) Retail
7 6 (1.56%) Automotive
7 6 (1.56%) Marketing
8 5 (1.30%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.04%) Games
9 4 (1.04%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.78%) Corporate Banking
11 2 (0.52%) Back Office
11 2 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.26%) Electronics
12 1 (0.26%) Front Office
12 1 (0.26%) German Language
12 1 (0.26%) Law
12 1 (0.26%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.26%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 106 (27.60%) Developer
2 77 (20.05%) Java Developer
2 77 (20.05%) Tester
3 51 (13.28%) Automation Tester
4 45 (11.72%) Test Engineer
5 38 (9.90%) Analyst
6 27 (7.03%) Senior Developer
6 27 (7.03%) Test Analyst
7 26 (6.77%) Senior Java Developer
8 24 (6.25%) Software Engineer
8 24 (6.25%) Test Automation Engineer
9 23 (5.99%) QA Engineer
10 19 (4.95%) QA Tester
11 15 (3.91%) AWS Developer
11 15 (3.91%) Developer in Test
12 14 (3.65%) Automation Engineer
12 14 (3.65%) Full Stack Developer
12 14 (3.65%) QA Automation Engineer
13 11 (2.86%) Java Engineer
13 11 (2.86%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (29.17%) REST
2 88 (22.92%) Spring
3 67 (17.45%) Gherkin
4 59 (15.36%) Web Services
5 49 (12.76%) SOAP
6 46 (11.98%) AngularJS
7 43 (11.20%) XML
8 40 (10.42%) JSON
9 39 (10.16%) RESTful
10 35 (9.11%) Node.js
11 28 (7.29%) Hibernate
11 28 (7.29%) Kafka
12 23 (5.99%) HTML
12 23 (5.99%) Spring Boot
13 22 (5.73%) .NET
13 22 (5.73%) React
14 21 (5.47%) WireMock
15 19 (4.95%) CSS
16 17 (4.43%) Java EE
17 16 (4.17%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 37 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (6.77%) Mobile App
3 17 (4.43%) Public Cloud
4 16 (4.17%) User Experience
5 14 (3.65%) Fixed Income
5 14 (3.65%) Virtual Team
6 11 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
7 10 (2.60%) Cloud Native
8 9 (2.34%) Data Structures
9 6 (1.56%) SWIFT
10 5 (1.30%) Algorithms
10 5 (1.30%) NHS
11 4 (1.04%) Mobile Banking
11 4 (1.04%) Online Banking
12 3 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
12 3 (0.78%) Derivative
12 3 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 3 (0.78%) Mainframe
12 3 (0.78%) Marketing Technology
13 2 (0.52%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 48 (12.50%) Linux
1 48 (12.50%) Unix
2 25 (6.51%) Windows
3 18 (4.69%) Android
4 15 (3.91%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.52%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.26%) CentOS
6 1 (0.26%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.26%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.26%) Solaris
6 1 (0.26%) Tizen
6 1 (0.26%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 254 (66.15%) Test Automation
2 238 (61.98%) Agile Software Development
3 207 (53.91%) BDD
4 118 (30.73%) TDD
5 116 (30.21%) Microservices
6 114 (29.69%) DevOps
7 75 (19.53%) Continuous Integration
8 70 (18.23%) Scrum
9 54 (14.06%) Software Engineering
9 54 (14.06%) Test Scripting
10 50 (13.02%) API Testing
11 42 (10.94%) Continuous Delivery
12 38 (9.90%) Acceptance Criteria
12 38 (9.90%) Test Strategy
12 38 (9.90%) Unit Testing
13 35 (9.11%) Performance Testing
14 34 (8.85%) SDLC
15 33 (8.59%) Integration Testing
16 32 (8.33%) Functional Testing
17 31 (8.07%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 286 (74.48%) Java
2 101 (26.30%) JavaScript
3 95 (24.74%) SQL
4 49 (12.76%) Python
5 43 (11.20%) C#
6 34 (8.85%) Java 8
7 19 (4.95%) Ruby
8 18 (4.69%) Go
8 18 (4.69%) Kotlin
9 17 (4.43%) Scala
10 14 (3.65%) Groovy
10 14 (3.65%) Shell Script
11 13 (3.39%) TypeScript
12 11 (2.86%) Perl
13 9 (2.34%) PL/SQL
14 8 (2.08%) ES6
15 7 (1.82%) Bash Shell
15 7 (1.82%) PowerShell
16 6 (1.56%) Apple Swift
16 6 (1.56%) C
Qualifications
1 69 (17.97%) Security Cleared
2 53 (13.80%) SC Cleared
3 22 (5.73%) ISTQB
4 21 (5.47%) ISEB
5 16 (4.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 8 (2.08%) TOGAF Certification
7 7 (1.82%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (1.56%) Degree
9 5 (1.30%) DV Cleared
10 4 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
11 3 (0.78%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
12 1 (0.26%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (23.96%) QA
2 7 (1.82%) ISO 20022
2 7 (1.82%) TARGET2
3 5 (1.30%) Data Quality
4 4 (1.04%) PSD2
5 3 (0.78%) GDPR
6 2 (0.52%) SEPA
7 1 (0.26%) ISO 15022
7 1 (0.26%) MiFID
System Software
1 86 (22.40%) Docker
2 6 (1.56%) HDFS
3 3 (0.78%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 81 (21.09%) Kubernetes
2 40 (10.42%) Terraform
3 17 (4.43%) Ansible
4 15 (3.91%) HP ALM
5 12 (3.13%) Kibana
6 11 (2.86%) Puppet
7 8 (2.08%) HP Quality Center
8 7 (1.82%) Grafana
9 5 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (1.30%) Prometheus
9 5 (1.30%) Rancher
9 5 (1.30%) Rundeck
10 3 (0.78%) logstash
11 2 (0.52%) Sysdig
12 1 (0.26%) Giant Swarm
12 1 (0.26%) Istio
Vendors
1 43 (11.20%) Oracle
2 22 (5.73%) Microsoft
3 21 (5.47%) HP
4 20 (5.21%) Google
5 15 (3.91%) Atlassian
6 11 (2.86%) SAP
6 11 (2.86%) Sybase
7 10 (2.60%) Murex
8 6 (1.56%) Splunk
9 4 (1.04%) Adobe
9 4 (1.04%) Cloudera
9 4 (1.04%) IBM
9 4 (1.04%) ION Trading
9 4 (1.04%) webMethods
10 3 (0.78%) Dell
10 3 (0.78%) Dynatrace
10 3 (0.78%) MuleSoft
10 3 (0.78%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.78%) Xamarin