Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 204 146 178
Rank change year-on-year -58 +32 +4
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 942 1,821 1,450
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.27% 1.90% 1.52%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.38% 8.86% 8.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 656 1,240 1,064
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £325
90th Percentile £610 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £463 £450
% change year-on-year -2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
England median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,760 20,549 17,895
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.16% 21.42% 18.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,468 14,268 12,580
England median daily rate £475 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £644 £625 £610
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 205 263
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% - +4.29%
10th Percentile £17.73 £28.50 £29.10
90th Percentile £70.20 £53.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.33% +1.18% +3.66%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -84 411 £500 - 65
South East -2 170 £475 +9.83% 32
South West +7 137 £475 +7.95% 26
North of England -23 135 £398 -10.17% 50
Midlands -69 63 £425 +3.03% 27
Yorkshire -3 56 £373 -17.22% 24
North West -20 43 £444 +5.34% 21
West Midlands -57 39 £431 +1.47% 15
North East +20 36 £360 -15.54% 5
East of England +25 25 £425 - 15
East Midlands +2 24 £400 - 12
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 663 (70.38%) Agile Software Development
2 645 (68.47%) Test Automation
3 619 (65.71%) Selenium
4 545 (57.86%) Java
5 374 (39.70%) Jenkins
6 341 (36.20%) JavaScript
7 331 (35.14%) BDD
8 244 (25.90%) Scrum
9 240 (25.48%) TDD
10 237 (25.16%) DevOps
11 227 (24.10%) JIRA
12 207 (21.97%) Continuous Integration
13 195 (20.70%) QA
13 195 (20.70%) SQL
14 189 (20.06%) Git (software)
15 173 (18.37%) Gherkin
16 167 (17.73%) Docker
17 160 (16.99%) Microservices
18 157 (16.67%) Spring
18 157 (16.67%) WebDriver
19 156 (16.56%) JUnit
20 155 (16.45%) C#
21 146 (15.50%) HTML
22 145 (15.39%) Maven
23 144 (15.29%) Security Cleared
24 142 (15.07%) Confluence
25 137 (14.54%) GitHub
26 136 (14.44%) Web Services
27 135 (14.33%) AWS
28 128 (13.59%) REST

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (15.07%) Confluence
2 48 (5.10%) Tomcat
3 44 (4.67%) Apache
4 40 (4.25%) Elasticsearch
5 31 (3.29%) JBoss
6 19 (2.02%) nginx
7 17 (1.80%) WebLogic
8 12 (1.27%) Apache Spark
8 12 (1.27%) Jetty
9 10 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
9 10 (1.06%) CMS
10 8 (0.85%) SharePoint
10 8 (0.85%) WebSphere
11 7 (0.74%) Mule
12 6 (0.64%) IIS
13 4 (0.42%) GemFire
13 4 (0.42%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 4 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
13 4 (0.42%) WebSphere Application Server
14 3 (0.32%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 16 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.21%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 6 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.42%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.32%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.11%) Magento
4 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 137 (14.54%) GitHub
2 135 (14.33%) AWS
3 116 (12.31%) Azure
4 32 (3.40%) Google Analytics
5 28 (2.97%) BrowserStack
6 24 (2.55%) Serverless
7 19 (2.02%) Amazon EC2
7 19 (2.02%) OpenShift
8 18 (1.91%) AWS Lambda
8 18 (1.91%) GCP
8 18 (1.91%) PaaS
9 17 (1.80%) Amazon S3
10 12 (1.27%) npm
11 11 (1.17%) Sauce Labs
12 10 (1.06%) SaaS
13 9 (0.96%) Amazon ECS
14 8 (0.85%) BlazeMeter
14 8 (0.85%) IaaS
15 7 (0.74%) Azure Data Factory
16 6 (0.64%) ZenHub
Communications & Networking
1 51 (5.41%) HTTP
2 38 (4.03%) TCP/IP
3 36 (3.82%) SSL
4 9 (0.96%) DSL
5 8 (0.85%) Wireshark
6 5 (0.53%) Firewall
7 4 (0.42%) SSH
8 3 (0.32%) AMQP
8 3 (0.32%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.21%) DHCP
9 2 (0.21%) FTP
9 2 (0.21%) Internet
9 2 (0.21%) LAN
9 2 (0.21%) WAN
10 1 (0.11%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (10.19%) MongoDB
2 75 (7.96%) SQL Server
3 62 (6.58%) Relational Database
4 46 (4.88%) PostgreSQL
5 43 (4.56%) NoSQL
6 34 (3.61%) MySQL
7 32 (3.40%) Big Data
8 26 (2.76%) Hadoop
8 26 (2.76%) RDBMS
9 20 (2.12%) Oracle Database
10 11 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
11 10 (1.06%) Neo4j
12 9 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 9 (0.96%) Data Lake
12 9 (0.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 8 (0.85%) Amazon RDS
13 8 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 7 (0.74%) Pentaho
14 7 (0.74%) Redis
15 5 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 619 (65.71%) Selenium
2 374 (39.70%) Jenkins
3 227 (24.10%) JIRA
4 189 (20.06%) Git (software)
5 157 (16.67%) WebDriver
6 156 (16.56%) JUnit
7 145 (15.39%) Maven
8 84 (8.92%) JMeter
9 82 (8.70%) Gatling
10 75 (7.96%) Mockito
11 69 (7.32%) SpecFlow
12 58 (6.16%) SoapUI
13 54 (5.73%) REST Assured
14 52 (5.52%) Postman
15 49 (5.20%) Visual Studio
16 47 (4.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 44 (4.67%) Gradle
18 43 (4.56%) TeamCity
19 41 (4.35%) Appium
20 38 (4.03%) Protractor
General
1 120 (12.74%) Finance
2 73 (7.75%) Banking
3 44 (4.67%) Retail
4 34 (3.61%) Public Sector
5 24 (2.55%) Front Office
6 13 (1.38%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.06%) Investment Banking
7 10 (1.06%) Law
8 6 (0.64%) Advertising
8 6 (0.64%) Manufacturing
8 6 (0.64%) Marketing
9 4 (0.42%) Games
10 3 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.32%) Police
11 2 (0.21%) Automotive
11 2 (0.21%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.21%) Publishing
12 1 (0.11%) Electronics
12 1 (0.11%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 309 (32.80%) Developer
2 174 (18.47%) Tester
3 145 (15.39%) Java Developer
4 135 (14.33%) Test Engineer
5 133 (14.12%) Analyst
6 129 (13.69%) Automation Tester
7 114 (12.10%) Test Analyst
8 68 (7.22%) Test Automation Engineer
9 58 (6.16%) Automation Test Analyst
10 50 (5.31%) Developer in Test
11 47 (4.99%) Java Engineer
12 43 (4.56%) Senior Developer
13 42 (4.46%) Test Leader
14 37 (3.93%) QA Analyst
15 36 (3.82%) Software Engineer
16 33 (3.50%) DevOps Engineer
16 33 (3.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 33 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
16 33 (3.50%) Software Developer
17 30 (3.18%) QA Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 173 (18.37%) Gherkin
2 157 (16.67%) Spring
3 146 (15.50%) HTML
4 136 (14.44%) Web Services
5 128 (13.59%) AngularJS
5 128 (13.59%) REST
6 127 (13.48%) Node.js
7 121 (12.85%) CSS
7 121 (12.85%) RESTful
8 109 (11.57%) XML
9 90 (9.55%) JSON
10 89 (9.45%) .NET
11 83 (8.81%) SOAP
12 78 (8.28%) React
13 71 (7.54%) HTML5
14 63 (6.69%) Hibernate
15 57 (6.05%) Spring Boot
16 43 (4.56%) CSS3
17 37 (3.93%) Play Framework
18 35 (3.72%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 49 (5.20%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (4.78%) User Experience
3 29 (3.08%) Mobile App
4 19 (2.02%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (1.38%) Derivative
5 13 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
6 11 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
7 10 (1.06%) Mobile Banking
7 10 (1.06%) Virtual Team
8 9 (0.96%) NHS
9 8 (0.85%) Algorithms
9 8 (0.85%) Cyberthreat
9 8 (0.85%) iPad
10 7 (0.74%) Cloud Native
11 5 (0.53%) Digital Media
11 5 (0.53%) Fixed Income
11 5 (0.53%) Public Cloud
11 5 (0.53%) Xbox
12 4 (0.42%) EPoS
12 4 (0.42%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 89 (9.45%) Linux
2 83 (8.81%) Unix
3 71 (7.54%) Windows
4 49 (5.20%) Android
5 40 (4.25%) Apple iOS
6 24 (2.55%) Ubuntu
7 18 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.27%) CentOS
8 12 (1.27%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.74%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.53%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.42%) Debian
11 4 (0.42%) Solaris
12 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 663 (70.38%) Agile Software Development
2 645 (68.47%) Test Automation
3 331 (35.14%) BDD
4 244 (25.90%) Scrum
5 240 (25.48%) TDD
6 237 (25.16%) DevOps
7 207 (21.97%) Continuous Integration
8 160 (16.99%) Microservices
9 119 (12.63%) Kanban
10 95 (10.08%) API Testing
10 95 (10.08%) Software Engineering
11 91 (9.66%) Open Source
12 90 (9.55%) Test Scripting
13 78 (8.28%) Problem-Solving
14 77 (8.17%) User Stories
15 76 (8.07%) Performance Testing
16 75 (7.96%) SDET
17 72 (7.64%) Regression Testing
18 68 (7.22%) Test Strategy
19 64 (6.79%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 545 (57.86%) Java
2 341 (36.20%) JavaScript
3 195 (20.70%) SQL
4 155 (16.45%) C#
5 103 (10.93%) Python
6 99 (10.51%) Java 8
7 80 (8.49%) Scala
8 74 (7.86%) Ruby
9 47 (4.99%) Groovy
10 43 (4.56%) TypeScript
11 28 (2.97%) C
12 24 (2.55%) Kotlin
13 22 (2.34%) Perl
14 21 (2.23%) PL/SQL
15 20 (2.12%) C++
15 20 (2.12%) ES6
16 18 (1.91%) Shell Script
17 15 (1.59%) Bash Shell
18 12 (1.27%) T-SQL
19 11 (1.17%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 144 (15.29%) Security Cleared
2 107 (11.36%) ISTQB
3 90 (9.55%) SC Cleared
4 85 (9.02%) ISEB
5 49 (5.20%) DV Cleared
6 42 (4.46%) Degree
7 30 (3.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 16 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (0.74%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.53%) BC Cleared
11 5 (0.53%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.32%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.21%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.11%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 195 (20.70%) QA
2 23 (2.44%) WCAG
3 3 (0.32%) GDPR
4 2 (0.21%) SLA
5 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.11%) EMIR
5 1 (0.11%) MiFID
5 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 167 (17.73%) Docker
2 13 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (0.85%) vSphere
4 5 (0.53%) HDFS
5 3 (0.32%) KVM
5 3 (0.32%) oVirt
6 2 (0.21%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 93 (9.87%) Kubernetes
2 68 (7.22%) Ansible
3 45 (4.78%) Kibana
4 41 (4.35%) Terraform
5 40 (4.25%) Puppet
6 34 (3.61%) Grafana
7 22 (2.34%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (1.49%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.64%) logstash
10 5 (0.53%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 5 (0.53%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 5 (0.53%) Salt
11 3 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.32%) Graphite
11 3 (0.32%) Nagios
11 3 (0.32%) Pingdom
11 3 (0.32%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
12 2 (0.21%) HP ALM
12 2 (0.21%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 108 (11.46%) Oracle
2 73 (7.75%) Microsoft
3 54 (5.73%) Google
4 38 (4.03%) Atlassian
5 17 (1.80%) VMware
6 16 (1.70%) Adobe
7 11 (1.17%) hybris
7 11 (1.17%) IBM
7 11 (1.17%) Splunk
8 10 (1.06%) MuleSoft
8 10 (1.06%) NetIQ
8 10 (1.06%) Red Hat
9 9 (0.96%) webMethods
10 8 (0.85%) ForgeRock
10 8 (0.85%) HP
10 8 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (0.74%) Demandware
11 7 (0.74%) Elastic Path
11 7 (0.74%) New Relic
12 6 (0.64%) Perforce