Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 22 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
22 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 295 257 224
Rank change year-on-year -38 -33 -42
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 634 477 528
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.90% 1.03% 1.22%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.14% 6.07% 6.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 458 328 392
10th Percentile £363 £332 £350
25th Percentile £419 £398 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £469 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% -1.32% +5.56%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £460 £460
% change year-on-year +8.70% - +2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 13 1
10th Percentile £44.25 £58.00 -
25th Percentile £45.94 £61.50 -
Median hourly rate £64.58 £65.54 £58.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.47% +13.00% +404.35%
75th Percentile £71.06 £71.75 -
90th Percentile £79.80 £73.45 -
UK median hourly rate £65.54 £58.00 £58.00
% change year-on-year +13.00% - +404.35%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,339 7,856 7,910
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.52% 16.90% 18.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,719 5,256 5,508
10th Percentile £400 £350 £338
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +1.01%
75th Percentile £663 £588 £588
90th Percentile £750 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 154 115
10th Percentile £38.15 £27.50 £19.20
25th Percentile £39.75 £41.00 £38.13
Median hourly rate £52.25 £50.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +4.50% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.45 £57.50 £52.75
90th Percentile £77.05 £65.53 £62.30
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £47.25 £47.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -0.53% +7.51%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 22 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -36 395 £575 +15.00% 40
North of England -27 59 £500 +13.64% 32
Midlands -31 42 £400 +11.11% 6
South East -52 39 £400 -11.11% 10
West Midlands -34 34 £405 +12.50% 1
South West -17 29 £450 -2.70% 14
Yorkshire -19 27 £500 +25.00% 7
North West -32 22 £509 +17.57% 24
North East -20 10 £413 -17.50% 1
East Midlands -22 8 £360 -2.70% 5
East of England -33 8 £465 +20.00% 3
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 419 (66.09%) Java
2 407 (64.20%) Test Automation
3 366 (57.73%) Selenium
4 360 (56.78%) Agile
5 262 (41.32%) CI/CD
6 241 (38.01%) Jenkins
7 215 (33.91%) Git (software)
8 209 (32.97%) BDD
9 205 (32.33%) Microservices
10 175 (27.60%) JIRA
11 171 (26.97%) JavaScript
12 169 (26.66%) DevOps
13 160 (25.24%) TDD
13 160 (25.24%) QA
14 156 (24.61%) SQL
15 139 (21.92%) Docker
16 137 (21.61%) Spring
17 136 (21.45%) API Testing
18 129 (20.35%) Finance
19 127 (20.03%) Scrum
20 126 (19.87%) Maven
21 125 (19.72%) Azure
22 120 (18.93%) REST
23 119 (18.77%) Confluence
24 117 (18.45%) Social Skills
25 113 (17.82%) RESTful
26 106 (16.72%) Kubernetes
27 102 (16.09%) Continuous Integration
27 102 (16.09%) JUnit
28 93 (14.67%) Continuous Delivery

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (18.77%) Confluence
2 27 (4.26%) IIS
3 17 (2.68%) WebLogic
4 14 (2.21%) Apache
5 10 (1.58%) Mule
6 6 (0.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 5 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (0.63%) JBoss
8 4 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
9 3 (0.47%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.47%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.32%) Jetty
10 2 (0.32%) Mendix
10 2 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
11 1 (0.16%) Anypoint
11 1 (0.16%) CMS
11 1 (0.16%) ColdFusion
11 1 (0.16%) Mattermost
11 1 (0.16%) Mule ESB
11 1 (0.16%) WildFly
Applications
1 8 (1.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (2.21%) SAP FI-CA
1 14 (2.21%) SAP PSCD
2 2 (0.32%) Oracle Cash Management
2 2 (0.32%) Oracle Retail
2 2 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.16%) Magento
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle CRM
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.16%) SAP HCM
3 1 (0.16%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.16%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 125 (19.72%) Azure
2 84 (13.25%) AWS
3 47 (7.41%) GitHub
4 31 (4.89%) PaaS
5 28 (4.42%) OpenShift
5 28 (4.42%) Serverless
6 25 (3.94%) IaaS
7 19 (3.00%) BrowserStack
8 16 (2.52%) Slack
9 15 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (2.37%) Azure Active Directory
9 15 (2.37%) GCP
10 14 (2.21%) Amazon S3
10 14 (2.21%) NuGet
11 12 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
12 11 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
13 10 (1.58%) AWS CodePipeline
13 10 (1.58%) Tricentis Tosca
14 9 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 22 (3.47%) HTTP
2 11 (1.74%) TCP/IP
3 10 (1.58%) Firewall
3 10 (1.58%) HTTPS
4 6 (0.95%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.63%) LAN
5 4 (0.63%) WinSCP
6 2 (0.32%) SSL
6 2 (0.32%) Wireshark
7 1 (0.16%) DHCP
7 1 (0.16%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (8.20%) NoSQL
2 48 (7.57%) MongoDB
3 38 (5.99%) SQL Server
4 31 (4.89%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (2.68%) MySQL
5 17 (2.68%) Redis
6 16 (2.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 16 (2.52%) Relational Database
7 15 (2.37%) Oracle Database
8 11 (1.74%) DB2
9 10 (1.58%) Big Data
9 10 (1.58%) Data Mining
9 10 (1.58%) Hazelcast
10 9 (1.42%) Data Warehouse
11 7 (1.10%) MS Access
12 6 (0.95%) Data Mart
13 5 (0.79%) Hadoop
14 4 (0.63%) Azure SQL Database
14 4 (0.63%) Parquet
14 4 (0.63%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 366 (57.73%) Selenium
2 241 (38.01%) Jenkins
3 215 (33.91%) Git (software)
4 175 (27.60%) JIRA
5 126 (19.87%) Maven
6 102 (16.09%) JUnit
7 92 (14.51%) Postman
8 91 (14.35%) REST Assured
9 80 (12.62%) JMeter
10 77 (12.15%) WebDriver
11 55 (8.68%) SoapUI
12 54 (8.52%) TeamCity
13 42 (6.62%) SpecFlow
14 41 (6.47%) Cypress.io
15 39 (6.15%) Sonatype Nexus
16 38 (5.99%) GitLab
17 35 (5.52%) Gradle
18 34 (5.36%) Bitbucket
19 33 (5.21%) NUnit
19 33 (5.21%) Robot Framework
General
1 129 (20.35%) Finance
2 117 (18.45%) Social Skills
3 84 (13.25%) Banking
4 46 (7.26%) Analytical Skills
5 44 (6.94%) Front Office
5 44 (6.94%) Public Sector
6 21 (3.31%) Investment Banking
7 15 (2.37%) Back Office
8 11 (1.74%) Retail Banking
9 10 (1.58%) Games
9 10 (1.58%) Retail
10 6 (0.95%) Documentation Skills
10 6 (0.95%) Financial Institution
10 6 (0.95%) Presentation Skills
11 5 (0.79%) Influencing Skills
11 5 (0.79%) Law
11 5 (0.79%) Marketing
12 4 (0.63%) Automotive
12 4 (0.63%) Legal
13 3 (0.47%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 199 (31.39%) Developer
2 116 (18.30%) Tester
3 99 (15.62%) Java Developer
4 93 (14.67%) Automation Tester
5 75 (11.83%) Test Engineer
6 60 (9.46%) Senior Developer
7 55 (8.68%) Analyst
8 48 (7.57%) Test Analyst
9 43 (6.78%) Test Automation Engineer
10 41 (6.47%) Software Developer
11 37 (5.84%) Developer in Test
12 31 (4.89%) DevOps Engineer
13 23 (3.63%) Senior Java Developer
14 21 (3.31%) .NET Developer
14 21 (3.31%) QA Engineer
15 20 (3.15%) Automation Engineer
16 19 (3.00%) Java Engineer
16 19 (3.00%) Senior .NET Developer
17 18 (2.84%) Front Office Developer
18 15 (2.37%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (21.61%) Spring
2 120 (18.93%) REST
3 113 (17.82%) RESTful
4 84 (13.25%) Gherkin
5 78 (12.30%) Web Services
6 64 (10.09%) .NET
7 62 (9.78%) Node.js
7 62 (9.78%) Spring Boot
8 60 (9.46%) SOAP
8 60 (9.46%) XML
9 59 (9.31%) HTML
10 53 (8.36%) JSON
10 53 (8.36%) React
11 47 (7.41%) WireMock
12 41 (6.47%) CSS
13 40 (6.31%) Hibernate
14 36 (5.68%) AngularJS
14 36 (5.68%) RabbitMQ
15 34 (5.36%) JPA
15 34 (5.36%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.99%) Greenfield Project
2 29 (4.57%) Cloud Native
3 24 (3.79%) Mobile App
4 16 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (2.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 11 (1.74%) Data Protection Act
7 10 (1.58%) User Experience
7 10 (1.58%) Virtual Team
8 9 (1.42%) Fixed Income
8 9 (1.42%) Management Information System
8 9 (1.42%) W3C
9 6 (0.95%) Data Structures
9 6 (0.95%) Public Cloud
10 5 (0.79%) Legacy Applications
10 5 (0.79%) Mainframe
10 5 (0.79%) NHS
10 5 (0.79%) Replication
11 4 (0.63%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (0.47%) Client/Server
12 3 (0.47%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 82 (12.93%) Linux
2 66 (10.41%) Windows
3 65 (10.25%) Unix
4 14 (2.21%) Android
5 13 (2.05%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 12 (1.89%) Ubuntu
6 12 (1.89%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.16%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.16%) Solaris
7 1 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 407 (64.20%) Test Automation
2 360 (56.78%) Agile
3 262 (41.32%) CI/CD
4 209 (32.97%) BDD
5 205 (32.33%) Microservices
6 169 (26.66%) DevOps
7 160 (25.24%) TDD
8 136 (21.45%) API Testing
9 127 (20.03%) Scrum
10 102 (16.09%) Continuous Integration
11 93 (14.67%) Continuous Delivery
12 89 (14.04%) Software Testing
13 84 (13.25%) SDET
14 71 (11.20%) Test Scripting
15 62 (9.78%) Kanban
16 56 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
17 54 (8.52%) Integration Testing
17 54 (8.52%) Non-Functional Testing
17 54 (8.52%) Test Strategy
18 46 (7.26%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 419 (66.09%) Java
2 171 (26.97%) JavaScript
3 156 (24.61%) SQL
4 82 (12.93%) Python
5 69 (10.88%) C#
6 43 (6.78%) TypeScript
7 28 (4.42%) Groovy
8 20 (3.15%) Scala
9 18 (2.84%) Shell Script
10 17 (2.68%) Go
11 16 (2.52%) Ruby
12 15 (2.37%) PL/SQL
13 14 (2.21%) Bash
14 13 (2.05%) PowerShell
15 8 (1.26%) Perl
16 6 (0.95%) VB
16 6 (0.95%) VBScript
17 5 (0.79%) C++
17 5 (0.79%) Kotlin
17 5 (0.79%) PHP
Qualifications
1 84 (13.25%) Security Cleared
2 67 (10.57%) SC Cleared
3 50 (7.89%) ISTQB
4 37 (5.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 35 (5.52%) ISEB
6 23 (3.63%) Degree
7 20 (3.15%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (2.21%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.63%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.16%) CISM
12 1 (0.16%) CISSP
12 1 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (25.24%) QA
2 50 (7.89%) Accessibility
3 11 (1.74%) WCAG
4 3 (0.47%) GDPR
5 1 (0.16%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.16%) WAI
System Software
1 139 (21.92%) Docker
2 22 (3.47%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.10%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.95%) VirtualBox
5 3 (0.47%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 106 (16.72%) Kubernetes
2 59 (9.31%) Ansible
3 55 (8.68%) Terraform
4 47 (7.41%) Puppet
5 16 (2.52%) Netcool
6 6 (0.95%) Control-M
6 6 (0.95%) IBM Guardium
7 5 (0.79%) HP Quality Center
7 5 (0.79%) Rancher
8 4 (0.63%) HP ALM
9 3 (0.47%) Grafana
9 3 (0.47%) Kibana
9 3 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.32%) CA Service Virtualization
10 2 (0.32%) HP SiteScope
11 1 (0.16%) Istio
11 1 (0.16%) Kustomize
11 1 (0.16%) Nagios
11 1 (0.16%) Packer
11 1 (0.16%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 90 (14.20%) Oracle
2 60 (9.46%) Microsoft
3 49 (7.73%) Splunk
4 34 (5.36%) AppDynamics
5 21 (3.31%) Google
5 21 (3.31%) TIBCO
6 20 (3.15%) SAP
7 17 (2.68%) New Relic
8 16 (2.52%) Atlassian
9 13 (2.05%) Micro Focus
10 10 (1.58%) webMethods
11 9 (1.42%) ServiceNow
12 7 (1.10%) Adobe
12 7 (1.10%) Red Hat
13 6 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
14 5 (0.79%) Databricks
14 5 (0.79%) ForgeRock
14 5 (0.79%) HP
14 5 (0.79%) IBM
15 4 (0.63%) Solace