Period
to 17 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 175 170 183
Rank change year-on-year -5 +13 +53
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,326 1,418 1,214
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.60% 1.56% 1.45%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.99% 7.88% 8.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 868 1,013 823
England median daily rate £450 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.70% +8.82% -
10th Percentile £342 £329 £300
90th Percentile £588 £600 £580
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 0
England median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.67% - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £32.75 £20.00
% change year-on-year +6.87% +63.75% -53.37%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 16,589 17,998 14,676
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.03% 19.82% 17.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,075 12,380 9,978
England median daily rate £488 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £340 £320 £300
90th Percentile £638 £613 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £470 £425
% change year-on-year +1.06% +10.59% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 248 221 294
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £41.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +1.80% -1.76%
10th Percentile £21.25 £26.50 £24.30
90th Percentile £55.00 £67.25 £54.50
UK median hourly rate £42.75 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +0.59% - -

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 652 £475 - 60
North of England +47 209 £425 - 9
South East +30 207 £450 +5.88% 16
South West +25 134 £450 +5.88% 18
Midlands -8 89 £425 +3.03% 6
North East +58 72 £325 -38.10% 1
North West +25 72 £425 -2.86% 4
Yorkshire -22 65 £500 +17.65% 4
West Midlands +1 60 £431 -11.54% 1
East of England -19 36 £400 -13.04% 2
East Midlands -8 28 £350 -13.58% 5
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 914 (68.93%) Test Automation
2 874 (65.91%) Agile Software Development
3 865 (65.23%) Selenium
4 857 (64.63%) Java
5 557 (42.01%) Jenkins
6 520 (39.22%) BDD
7 409 (30.84%) JIRA
8 383 (28.88%) JavaScript
8 383 (28.88%) Scrum
9 377 (28.43%) TDD
10 372 (28.05%) Git (software)
11 309 (23.30%) SQL
12 302 (22.78%) QA
13 298 (22.47%) Continuous Integration
14 287 (21.64%) Docker
15 281 (21.19%) DevOps
16 256 (19.31%) Maven
17 241 (18.17%) Gherkin
18 235 (17.72%) WebDriver
19 230 (17.35%) Confluence
19 230 (17.35%) REST
20 213 (16.06%) Web Services
21 210 (15.84%) Spring
22 196 (14.78%) AngularJS
23 190 (14.33%) HTML
24 181 (13.65%) JUnit
25 179 (13.50%) Microservices
26 175 (13.20%) MongoDB
26 175 (13.20%) Python
27 162 (12.22%) Unix

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 230 (17.35%) Confluence
2 82 (6.18%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (3.24%) Apache
4 38 (2.87%) JBoss
4 38 (2.87%) Tomcat
5 33 (2.49%) WebLogic
6 25 (1.89%) nginx
7 22 (1.66%) Documentum
7 22 (1.66%) WebSphere
8 19 (1.43%) SharePoint
9 17 (1.28%) Apache Solr
9 17 (1.28%) Apache Spark
10 14 (1.06%) CMS
11 13 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 7 (0.53%) Apache ServiceMix
13 6 (0.45%) CoreMedia CMS
13 6 (0.45%) Mule
13 6 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
14 4 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
14 4 (0.30%) Liferay
Applications
1 16 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.075%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.075%) InVision
3 1 (0.075%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.68%) Magento
2 6 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.38%) Fredhopper
4 4 (0.30%) SAP FI-CA
4 4 (0.30%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.23%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.075%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 162 (12.22%) Amazon AWS
1 162 (12.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 124 (9.35%) GitHub
3 48 (3.62%) BrowserStack
4 41 (3.09%) Sauce Labs
5 35 (2.64%) Google Cloud Platform
6 31 (2.34%) npm
7 28 (2.11%) Serverless
8 23 (1.73%) Amazon EC2
8 23 (1.73%) Amazon S3
9 21 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
10 20 (1.51%) AWS Lambda
10 20 (1.51%) OpenShift
11 16 (1.21%) Google Analytics
12 15 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
13 14 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (1.06%) SaaS
14 11 (0.83%) Slack
15 9 (0.68%) Lucidchart
16 8 (0.60%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 81 (6.11%) HTTP
2 18 (1.36%) SSL
2 18 (1.36%) TCP/IP
3 13 (0.98%) Internet
4 7 (0.53%) Kerberos
5 3 (0.23%) ATM
5 3 (0.23%) DSL
5 3 (0.23%) FTP
5 3 (0.23%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.23%) SSH
6 2 (0.15%) AMQP
6 2 (0.15%) MQTT
6 2 (0.15%) Skype
7 1 (0.075%) DNS
7 1 (0.075%) NGN
7 1 (0.075%) PBX
7 1 (0.075%) SMTP
7 1 (0.075%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (13.20%) MongoDB
2 81 (6.11%) SQL Server
3 74 (5.58%) Relational Database
4 73 (5.51%) MySQL
5 57 (4.30%) NoSQL
6 53 (4.00%) Neo4j
7 52 (3.92%) PostgreSQL
8 34 (2.56%) Hadoop
9 30 (2.26%) Big Data
10 27 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
11 19 (1.43%) Redis
12 15 (1.13%) RDBMS
13 13 (0.98%) Data Lake
14 12 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
15 11 (0.83%) Azure SQL Database
15 11 (0.83%) HBase
16 10 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 8 (0.60%) Blockchain
18 7 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
18 7 (0.53%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 865 (65.23%) Selenium
2 557 (42.01%) Jenkins
3 409 (30.84%) JIRA
4 372 (28.05%) Git (software)
5 256 (19.31%) Maven
6 235 (17.72%) WebDriver
7 181 (13.65%) JUnit
8 145 (10.94%) JMeter
9 136 (10.26%) SoapUI
10 126 (9.50%) Mockito
11 93 (7.01%) SpecFlow
12 90 (6.79%) Protractor
13 88 (6.64%) Jasmine
14 86 (6.49%) Subversion
15 78 (5.88%) TeamCity
16 63 (4.75%) Appium
17 61 (4.60%) Gatling
18 60 (4.52%) Karma Test Runner
19 55 (4.15%) gulp
20 51 (3.85%) Ant
General
1 141 (10.63%) Finance
2 94 (7.09%) Banking
3 44 (3.32%) Retail
4 25 (1.89%) Games
5 24 (1.81%) Front Office
6 22 (1.66%) Investment Banking
7 15 (1.13%) Marketing
8 13 (0.98%) Financial Institution
8 13 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
9 11 (0.83%) Law
10 10 (0.75%) Manufacturing
11 9 (0.68%) Advertising
12 6 (0.45%) Telecoms
13 5 (0.38%) Back Office
14 4 (0.30%) Electronics
15 3 (0.23%) Automotive
15 3 (0.23%) Legal
15 3 (0.23%) Retail Banking
16 1 (0.075%) International Banking
16 1 (0.075%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 447 (33.71%) Developer
2 269 (20.29%) Tester
3 216 (16.29%) Java Developer
4 215 (16.21%) Automation Tester
5 182 (13.73%) Analyst
6 172 (12.97%) Test Engineer
7 166 (12.52%) Test Analyst
8 96 (7.24%) Test Automation Engineer
9 91 (6.86%) Senior Developer
10 76 (5.73%) Developer in Test
11 69 (5.20%) Automation Test Analyst
12 68 (5.13%) Senior Java Developer
13 64 (4.83%) Java Automation Tester
13 64 (4.83%) QA Engineer
14 57 (4.30%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 54 (4.07%) Selenium Tester
16 51 (3.85%) Selenium Automation Tester
17 44 (3.32%) Test Automation Developer
18 41 (3.09%) Angular Developer
19 38 (2.87%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 241 (18.17%) Gherkin
2 230 (17.35%) REST
3 213 (16.06%) Web Services
4 210 (15.84%) Spring
5 196 (14.78%) AngularJS
6 190 (14.33%) HTML
7 162 (12.22%) RESTful
8 155 (11.69%) CSS
9 137 (10.33%) Node.js
10 118 (8.90%) SOAP
11 100 (7.54%) XML
12 87 (6.56%) Spring Boot
13 82 (6.18%) React
14 80 (6.03%) HTML5
15 78 (5.88%) JSON
16 77 (5.81%) Hibernate
17 68 (5.13%) .NET
18 49 (3.70%) Dropwizard
18 49 (3.70%) jQuery
19 48 (3.62%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 88 (6.64%) Analytical Skills
2 79 (5.96%) User Experience
3 40 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
4 36 (2.71%) Mobile App
5 27 (2.04%) NHS
6 22 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
8 14 (1.06%) Virtual Team
9 12 (0.90%) Algorithms
10 10 (0.75%) Data Structures
11 8 (0.60%) Derivative
11 8 (0.60%) Online Games
12 7 (0.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 6 (0.45%) Video on Demand
14 5 (0.38%) Over-the-Top Content
14 5 (0.38%) Video\Live Streaming
15 4 (0.30%) Cloud Native
15 4 (0.30%) Life Science
16 3 (0.23%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 162 (12.22%) Unix
2 125 (9.43%) Linux
3 65 (4.90%) Windows
4 40 (3.02%) Mac OS X
5 36 (2.71%) Apple iOS
6 35 (2.64%) Android
7 29 (2.19%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.45%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.38%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 914 (68.93%) Test Automation
2 874 (65.91%) Agile Software Development
3 520 (39.22%) BDD
4 383 (28.88%) Scrum
5 377 (28.43%) TDD
6 298 (22.47%) Continuous Integration
7 281 (21.19%) DevOps
8 179 (13.50%) Microservices
9 161 (12.14%) Test Scripting
10 156 (11.76%) Test Strategy
11 145 (10.94%) API Testing
12 143 (10.78%) Kanban
13 123 (9.28%) SDET
14 112 (8.45%) Manual Testing
15 108 (8.14%) Problem-Solving
16 99 (7.47%) Open Source
17 92 (6.94%) Continuous Delivery
18 89 (6.71%) Front End Development
19 87 (6.56%) E-Commerce
20 85 (6.41%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 857 (64.63%) Java
2 383 (28.88%) JavaScript
3 309 (23.30%) SQL
4 175 (13.20%) Python
5 134 (10.11%) Java 8
6 125 (9.43%) C#
7 100 (7.54%) Scala
8 82 (6.18%) Groovy
9 73 (5.51%) Ruby
10 59 (4.45%) ES6
11 47 (3.54%) TypeScript
12 35 (2.64%) PL/SQL
13 30 (2.26%) Perl
14 29 (2.19%) Shell Script
15 28 (2.11%) Bash Shell
16 24 (1.81%) C++
17 18 (1.36%) C
18 15 (1.13%) Kotlin
18 15 (1.13%) PowerShell
19 14 (1.06%) PHP
Qualifications
1 129 (9.73%) Security Cleared
2 109 (8.22%) ISTQB
3 89 (6.71%) ISEB
4 77 (5.81%) SC Cleared
5 54 (4.07%) Degree
6 50 (3.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 38 (2.87%) DV Cleared
8 29 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
9 26 (1.96%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (0.45%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
11 5 (0.38%) ISEB Practitioner
11 5 (0.38%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.30%) BC Cleared
13 2 (0.15%) Master's Degree
14 1 (0.075%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 302 (22.78%) QA
2 8 (0.60%) SEPA
2 8 (0.60%) WCAG
3 6 (0.45%) GDPR
4 5 (0.38%) HL7
5 4 (0.30%) MiFID
6 3 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.15%) EMIR
7 2 (0.15%) PMBOK
7 2 (0.15%) PSD2
8 1 (0.075%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.075%) PMO
8 1 (0.075%) Section 508
System Software
1 287 (21.64%) Docker
2 12 (0.90%) HDFS
3 8 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.53%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.30%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.075%) Postfix
6 1 (0.075%) vCloud
6 1 (0.075%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 115 (8.67%) Kubernetes
2 97 (7.32%) Ansible
3 52 (3.92%) Puppet
4 41 (3.09%) Kibana
5 33 (2.49%) HP Quality Center
6 29 (2.19%) Terraform
7 26 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (1.73%) Grafana
9 10 (0.75%) Rundeck
10 9 (0.68%) Marathon
10 9 (0.68%) Mesos
10 9 (0.68%) Rancher
11 8 (0.60%) CA Service Virtualization
11 8 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (0.60%) logstash
12 7 (0.53%) HP ALM
13 6 (0.45%) Nagios
14 4 (0.30%) Nessus
15 3 (0.23%) Control-M
15 3 (0.23%) SCCM
Vendors
1 124 (9.35%) Oracle
2 76 (5.73%) Microsoft
3 61 (4.60%) Atlassian
4 47 (3.54%) Splunk
5 43 (3.24%) Google
6 37 (2.79%) IBM
7 33 (2.49%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 30 (2.26%) HP
9 26 (1.96%) hybris
10 25 (1.89%) Adobe
11 22 (1.66%) SAP
12 21 (1.58%) Pega
13 19 (1.43%) webMethods
14 15 (1.13%) MuleSoft
14 15 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
15 14 (1.06%) Netezza
16 12 (0.90%) AppDynamics
16 12 (0.90%) Elastic Path
17 11 (0.83%) Perfecto Mobile
18 9 (0.68%) Dynatrace