Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 193 206 148
Rank change year-on-year +13 -58 +37
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 387 1,022 1,775
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.38% 1.32% 1.88%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.67% 7.47% 8.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 304 724 1,231
Median daily rate £450 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £331 £343 £348
90th Percentile £575 £588 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £463
% change year-on-year - -2.70% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 3
Median hourly rate £38.50 £35.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +55.56% -
10th Percentile £36.75 £26.20 £21.15
90th Percentile £40.25 £65.40 £34.85
UK median hourly rate £36.75 £35.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +55.56% +12.50%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,044 13,677 19,941
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.99% 17.66% 21.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,251 9,127 13,831
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £330 £325
90th Percentile £650 £640 £625
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.00% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 183 202
Median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £30.00 £20.50 £25.51
90th Percentile £61.25 £60.00 £53.63
Median hourly rate £42.13 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -4.26% +3.53% -

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +39 201 £468 -4.10% 45
North of England +48 71 £475 +18.75% 17
Midlands +69 48 £432 +1.65% 5
North West +86 42 £460 +8.24% 6
West Midlands +67 36 £430 -1.71% 4
South East +33 33 £450 -2.17% 11
North East +11 19 £475 +30.14% 6
East of England +78 17 £450 +5.88% 4
East Midlands +32 12 £468 +20.65% 1
Yorkshire +24 10 £475 +18.75% 5
South West -16 10 £450 -2.70% 7
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 281 (72.61%) Test Automation
2 270 (69.77%) Java
3 265 (68.48%) Agile Software Development
4 222 (57.36%) Selenium
5 211 (54.52%) BDD
6 178 (45.99%) Jenkins
7 139 (35.92%) JIRA
8 138 (35.66%) TDD
9 137 (35.40%) DevOps
10 120 (31.01%) Security Cleared
11 119 (30.75%) Microservices
12 112 (28.94%) Git (software)
13 108 (27.91%) SQL
14 100 (25.84%) Continuous Integration
15 99 (25.58%) REST
16 96 (24.81%) SC Cleared
17 93 (24.03%) AWS
18 92 (23.77%) Scrum
19 91 (23.51%) Gherkin
20 82 (21.19%) JavaScript
21 76 (19.64%) JUnit
21 76 (19.64%) Spring
22 75 (19.38%) Test Scripting
23 71 (18.35%) QA
24 70 (18.09%) API Testing
25 69 (17.83%) SOAP
26 68 (17.57%) JMeter
27 65 (16.80%) Docker
28 64 (16.54%) Confluence
29 63 (16.28%) Python

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (16.54%) Confluence
2 33 (8.53%) WebLogic
3 25 (6.46%) Mule
4 17 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (4.13%) JBoss
6 12 (3.10%) Red Hat Fuse
7 7 (1.81%) Apache Spark
7 7 (1.81%) Tomcat
8 6 (1.55%) SharePoint
9 5 (1.29%) Jetty
9 5 (1.29%) MQSeries
9 5 (1.29%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 4 (1.03%) Anypoint
10 4 (1.03%) Apache
11 3 (0.78%) CMS
12 2 (0.52%) Alfresco
12 2 (0.52%) Documentum
12 2 (0.52%) IIS
12 2 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
12 2 (0.52%) WebSphere
Applications
1 15 (3.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (3.10%) SAP FI-CA
2 11 (2.84%) Teamcenter
3 9 (2.33%) ION MarketView
4 5 (1.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.78%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.26%) Exstream
8 1 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 93 (24.03%) AWS
2 38 (9.82%) Azure
3 22 (5.68%) GitHub
4 20 (5.17%) BrowserStack
5 13 (3.36%) Slack
6 12 (3.10%) GCP
6 12 (3.10%) OpenShift
7 10 (2.58%) Tricentis Tosca
8 9 (2.33%) SaaS
9 8 (2.07%) IaaS
10 6 (1.55%) BlazeMeter
11 5 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (1.29%) Apigee
11 5 (1.29%) Firebase
11 5 (1.29%) Google Analytics
11 5 (1.29%) Office 365
12 4 (1.03%) Sauce Labs
12 4 (1.03%) Serverless
13 3 (0.78%) Amazon EKS
13 3 (0.78%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.65%) HTTP
2 8 (2.07%) Internet
3 7 (1.81%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.55%) SSH
4 6 (1.55%) SSL
5 5 (1.29%) DSL
5 5 (1.29%) FTP
6 1 (0.26%) Skype
6 1 (0.26%) WinSCP
6 1 (0.26%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (8.53%) MySQL
2 31 (8.01%) MongoDB
3 28 (7.24%) SQL Server
4 23 (5.94%) Hadoop
5 20 (5.17%) NoSQL
6 19 (4.91%) Oracle Database
7 15 (3.88%) Relational Database
8 14 (3.62%) PostgreSQL
9 12 (3.10%) Apache Hive
10 6 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
11 5 (1.29%) BigQuery
12 4 (1.03%) ZAP BI
13 3 (0.78%) Oracle Reports
14 2 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
14 2 (0.52%) DB2
14 2 (0.52%) OrientDB
15 1 (0.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 1 (0.26%) Big Data
15 1 (0.26%) OLAP
15 1 (0.26%) Redis
Development Applications
1 222 (57.36%) Selenium
2 178 (45.99%) Jenkins
3 139 (35.92%) JIRA
4 112 (28.94%) Git (software)
5 76 (19.64%) JUnit
6 68 (17.57%) JMeter
7 62 (16.02%) Maven
8 58 (14.99%) SoapUI
9 49 (12.66%) GitLab
10 46 (11.89%) WebDriver
11 43 (11.11%) Postman
12 40 (10.34%) REST Assured
13 36 (9.30%) Cypress.io
14 28 (7.24%) Jasmine
15 27 (6.98%) Toad
16 25 (6.46%) eggPlant
17 23 (5.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 23 (5.94%) SpecFlow
18 21 (5.43%) Gatling
19 18 (4.65%) Hudson
General
1 57 (14.73%) Public Sector
2 53 (13.70%) Banking
2 53 (13.70%) Finance
3 19 (4.91%) Investment Banking
4 11 (2.84%) Retail Banking
5 7 (1.81%) Retail
6 5 (1.29%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.03%) Corporate Banking
8 3 (0.78%) Front Office
8 3 (0.78%) Marketing
9 2 (0.52%) Automotive
9 2 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.26%) Electronics
10 1 (0.26%) Games
10 1 (0.26%) German Language
10 1 (0.26%) Law
10 1 (0.26%) Legal
10 1 (0.26%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.26%) Police
10 1 (0.26%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 93 (24.03%) Developer
2 91 (23.51%) Tester
3 69 (17.83%) Test Engineer
4 58 (14.99%) Automation Tester
4 58 (14.99%) Java Developer
5 40 (10.34%) Test Automation Engineer
6 30 (7.75%) Analyst
7 28 (7.24%) Java Engineer
8 26 (6.72%) Test Analyst
9 25 (6.46%) Software Engineer
10 20 (5.17%) QA Engineer
11 17 (4.39%) QA Tester
11 17 (4.39%) Senior Tester
12 15 (3.88%) Architect
13 14 (3.62%) Developer in Test
13 14 (3.62%) Senior Automation Tester
13 14 (3.62%) Software Test Engineer
14 13 (3.36%) Senior Developer
15 12 (3.10%) Solutions Architect
16 11 (2.84%) UI Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (25.58%) REST
2 91 (23.51%) Gherkin
3 76 (19.64%) Spring
4 69 (17.83%) SOAP
5 57 (14.73%) XML
6 55 (14.21%) Web Services
7 47 (12.14%) JSON
8 36 (9.30%) Spring Boot
9 30 (7.75%) HTML
9 30 (7.75%) RESTful
10 29 (7.49%) AngularJS
11 28 (7.24%) Node.js
12 27 (6.98%) CSS
13 23 (5.94%) RabbitMQ
14 19 (4.91%) Jest
14 19 (4.91%) JMS
14 19 (4.91%) WebdriverIO
14 19 (4.91%) WireMock
15 18 (4.65%) Kafka
16 15 (3.88%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 24 (6.20%) Mobile App
2 16 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (4.13%) Fixed Income
3 14 (3.62%) Public Cloud
4 9 (2.33%) Derivative
5 8 (2.07%) User Experience
6 7 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (1.55%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.29%) Virtual Team
9 4 (1.03%) Clustering
9 4 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 4 (1.03%) SWIFT
10 3 (0.78%) Equities
10 3 (0.78%) Greenfield Project
10 3 (0.78%) Mobile Banking
10 3 (0.78%) NHS
10 3 (0.78%) Online Banking
11 2 (0.52%) Data Structures
11 2 (0.52%) Equity Derivative
11 2 (0.52%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 61 (15.76%) Linux
2 50 (12.92%) Unix
3 39 (10.08%) Windows
4 15 (3.88%) Android
5 12 (3.10%) Apple iOS
6 9 (2.33%) CentOS
7 6 (1.55%) Mac OS X
8 5 (1.29%) Debian
8 5 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (1.29%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.78%) Fedora
10 1 (0.26%) Solaris
10 1 (0.26%) Tizen
10 1 (0.26%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 281 (72.61%) Test Automation
2 265 (68.48%) Agile Software Development
3 211 (54.52%) BDD
4 138 (35.66%) TDD
5 137 (35.40%) DevOps
6 119 (30.75%) Microservices
7 100 (25.84%) Continuous Integration
8 92 (23.77%) Scrum
9 75 (19.38%) Test Scripting
10 70 (18.09%) API Testing
11 57 (14.73%) Integration Testing
12 56 (14.47%) Continuous Delivery
13 48 (12.40%) Scenario Testing
14 46 (11.89%) Regression Testing
15 39 (10.08%) Test Strategy
16 38 (9.82%) Non-Functional Testing
16 38 (9.82%) Software Engineering
17 37 (9.56%) SDLC
17 37 (9.56%) User Stories
18 36 (9.30%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 270 (69.77%) Java
2 108 (27.91%) SQL
3 82 (21.19%) JavaScript
4 63 (16.28%) Python
5 28 (7.24%) C#
6 20 (5.17%) Shell Script
7 19 (4.91%) PL/SQL
8 18 (4.65%) Java 8
9 17 (4.39%) Ruby
10 15 (3.88%) Kotlin
11 14 (3.62%) Groovy
11 14 (3.62%) Perl
11 14 (3.62%) Scala
12 8 (2.07%) Bash Shell
12 8 (2.07%) T-SQL
13 7 (1.81%) PowerShell
13 7 (1.81%) TypeScript
14 6 (1.55%) Go
15 5 (1.29%) Clojure
15 5 (1.29%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 120 (31.01%) Security Cleared
2 96 (24.81%) SC Cleared
3 47 (12.14%) ISTQB
4 42 (10.85%) ISEB
5 28 (7.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 10 (2.58%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (1.81%) Degree
7 7 (1.81%) TOGAF Certification
8 5 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (1.29%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
9 1 (0.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (18.35%) QA
2 7 (1.81%) WCAG
3 5 (1.29%) TARGET2
4 4 (1.03%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.78%) PSD2
6 2 (0.52%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.26%) SEPA
System Software
1 65 (16.80%) Docker
2 11 (2.84%) HDFS
3 1 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 59 (15.25%) Kubernetes
2 35 (9.04%) Terraform
3 30 (7.75%) Ansible
4 13 (3.36%) HP ALM
5 12 (3.10%) HP Quality Center
6 11 (2.84%) Puppet
7 9 (2.33%) Rancher
8 6 (1.55%) Grafana
8 6 (1.55%) Kibana
9 5 (1.29%) Rundeck
9 5 (1.29%) Salt
10 2 (0.52%) Nessus
10 2 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.52%) Sysdig
11 1 (0.26%) Giant Swarm
11 1 (0.26%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.26%) Istio
11 1 (0.26%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 55 (14.21%) Oracle
2 21 (5.43%) SAP
3 20 (5.17%) Microsoft
4 16 (4.13%) MuleSoft
5 14 (3.62%) Google
5 14 (3.62%) HP
5 14 (3.62%) webMethods
6 13 (3.36%) Sybase
7 9 (2.33%) Atlassian
7 9 (2.33%) ION Trading
7 9 (2.33%) Red Hat
8 7 (1.81%) Murex
9 6 (1.55%) Splunk
10 5 (1.29%) Axway
10 5 (1.29%) Cloudera
10 5 (1.29%) Hortonworks
10 5 (1.29%) Pega
10 5 (1.29%) Sonatype
10 5 (1.29%) Sparx
11 4 (1.03%) Ariba