Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 220 178 174
Rank change year-on-year -42 -4 +12
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 528 1,377 1,456
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.22% 1.64% 1.58%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.71% 7.94% 8.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 361 889 1,091
Median daily rate £460 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% -5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £350 £345 £344
90th Percentile £613 £588 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £451
% change year-on-year - -0.11% +6.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £115.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -69.63% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £70.50
% change year-on-year - -50.35% +252.50%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,873 17,332 18,084
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.26% 20.68% 19.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,170 11,630 12,527
Median daily rate £500 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +10.47%
10th Percentile £338 £340 £319
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.16% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 156 259 201
Median hourly rate £38.00 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.64% +2.35% +0.59%
10th Percentile £21.25 £22.05 £31.00
90th Percentile £57.75 £55.00 £67.25
Median hourly rate £40.75 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.23% +1.18% -

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -23 260 £500 +5.26% 22
South West -5 73 £450 - 10
South East +5 72 £463 +2.78% 6
North of England -25 62 £450 +5.88% 11
Midlands +12 44 £428 +0.71% 2
North East -1 34 £450 +38.46% 2
West Midlands +18 31 £450 +4.35%
North West +10 20 £475 +11.76% 7
East of England +40 18 £419 +6.01% 3
East Midlands +29 13 £423 +9.74% 2
Yorkshire +10 9 £450 -10.00% 2
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 351 (66.48%) Test Automation
2 347 (65.72%) Agile Software Development
3 344 (65.15%) Java
4 273 (51.70%) Selenium
5 208 (39.39%) Jenkins
6 190 (35.98%) BDD
7 145 (27.46%) DevOps
8 143 (27.08%) JavaScript
9 136 (25.76%) Scrum
9 136 (25.76%) JIRA
10 132 (25.00%) SQL
11 131 (24.81%) Git (software)
12 130 (24.62%) TDD
13 123 (23.30%) Security Cleared
14 112 (21.21%) Continuous Integration
14 112 (21.21%) AWS
15 110 (20.83%) Spring
16 107 (20.27%) Docker
17 106 (20.08%) JUnit
18 100 (18.94%) REST
19 99 (18.75%) QA
20 97 (18.37%) Microservices
21 93 (17.61%) SC Cleared
22 87 (16.48%) Finance
23 85 (16.10%) Web Services
24 82 (15.53%) Gherkin
25 78 (14.77%) Node.js
26 76 (14.39%) Maven
27 74 (14.02%) Confluence
27 74 (14.02%) API Testing

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (14.02%) Confluence
2 23 (4.36%) Tomcat
3 17 (3.22%) Apache
4 16 (3.03%) WebLogic
5 10 (1.89%) JBoss
6 9 (1.70%) Apache Spark
6 9 (1.70%) nginx
7 8 (1.52%) IIS
8 7 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (1.33%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (0.95%) GemFire
10 3 (0.57%) SAS
11 2 (0.38%) CMS
11 2 (0.38%) Mule
11 2 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 1 (0.19%) Drupal
12 1 (0.19%) Sitecore CMS
12 1 (0.19%) SugarCRM
12 1 (0.19%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.76%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.57%) SAP FI-CA
3 3 (0.57%) SAP PSCD
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.19%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 1 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 112 (21.21%) AWS
2 48 (9.09%) GitHub
3 42 (7.95%) Azure
4 25 (4.73%) OpenShift
5 24 (4.55%) Serverless
6 23 (4.36%) GCP
7 19 (3.60%) SaaS
8 16 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (2.65%) npm
10 10 (1.89%) Amazon S3
10 10 (1.89%) Slack
11 9 (1.70%) BrowserStack
11 9 (1.70%) PaaS
12 7 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
13 6 (1.14%) Amazon ECS
13 6 (1.14%) Amazon Kinesis
13 6 (1.14%) Google Analytics
13 6 (1.14%) Yarn
14 5 (0.95%) BlazeMeter
14 5 (0.95%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 21 (3.98%) HTTP
2 9 (1.70%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.52%) DSL
4 6 (1.14%) SSL
5 4 (0.76%) LAN
6 3 (0.57%) AMQP
6 3 (0.57%) DHCP
6 3 (0.57%) Firewall
6 3 (0.57%) WAN
7 2 (0.38%) Internet
7 2 (0.38%) Skype
7 2 (0.38%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.19%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (9.09%) MongoDB
2 36 (6.82%) NoSQL
3 25 (4.73%) Relational Database
4 20 (3.79%) SQL Server
5 19 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
6 14 (2.65%) MySQL
7 13 (2.46%) RDBMS
8 11 (2.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 5 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (0.95%) Hadoop
9 5 (0.95%) MariaDB
10 4 (0.76%) Apache Hive
10 4 (0.76%) Big Data
10 4 (0.76%) Data Lake
10 4 (0.76%) DB2
10 4 (0.76%) Pentaho
10 4 (0.76%) Redis
11 3 (0.57%) Sqoop
12 2 (0.38%) Couchbase
12 2 (0.38%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 273 (51.70%) Selenium
2 208 (39.39%) Jenkins
3 136 (25.76%) JIRA
4 131 (24.81%) Git (software)
5 106 (20.08%) JUnit
6 76 (14.39%) Maven
7 67 (12.69%) WebDriver
8 65 (12.31%) SoapUI
9 49 (9.28%) JMeter
10 46 (8.71%) REST Assured
11 42 (7.95%) Postman
12 40 (7.58%) Mockito
13 39 (7.39%) GitLab
14 36 (6.82%) Mocha
15 35 (6.63%) Gatling
16 33 (6.25%) SpecFlow
17 31 (5.87%) Bitbucket
18 30 (5.68%) Zephyr
19 24 (4.55%) Gradle
20 23 (4.36%) Jasmine
General
1 87 (16.48%) Finance
2 55 (10.42%) Public Sector
3 39 (7.39%) Banking
4 24 (4.55%) Retail
5 10 (1.89%) Front Office
6 6 (1.14%) Police
7 4 (0.76%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.57%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.38%) Advertising
9 2 (0.38%) Corporate Banking
9 2 (0.38%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.38%) Law
10 1 (0.19%) Automotive
10 1 (0.19%) Electronics
10 1 (0.19%) Games
10 1 (0.19%) International Banking
10 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.19%) Marketing
10 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 177 (33.52%) Developer
2 109 (20.64%) Tester
3 95 (17.99%) Automation Tester
4 92 (17.42%) Java Developer
5 67 (12.69%) Analyst
6 59 (11.17%) Test Engineer
7 58 (10.98%) Test Analyst
8 38 (7.20%) Test Automation Engineer
9 36 (6.82%) Java Engineer
10 30 (5.68%) QA Engineer
11 29 (5.49%) Automation Test Analyst
12 27 (5.11%) DevOps Engineer
13 26 (4.92%) Developer in Test
14 23 (4.36%) React Developer
15 20 (3.79%) Software Engineer
16 17 (3.22%) Senior Developer
16 17 (3.22%) Software Developer
17 16 (3.03%) Node.js Developer
18 14 (2.65%) Full Stack Developer
18 14 (2.65%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 110 (20.83%) Spring
2 100 (18.94%) REST
3 85 (16.10%) Web Services
4 82 (15.53%) Gherkin
5 78 (14.77%) Node.js
6 67 (12.69%) RESTful
7 64 (12.12%) Spring Boot
8 58 (10.98%) SOAP
9 52 (9.85%) JSON
10 51 (9.66%) AngularJS
11 47 (8.90%) CSS
12 43 (8.14%) XML
13 42 (7.95%) HTML
14 41 (7.77%) .NET
15 39 (7.39%) React
16 34 (6.44%) WireMock
17 24 (4.55%) Chai
17 24 (4.55%) Jest
18 23 (4.36%) Express
18 23 (4.36%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 31 (5.87%) Mobile App
2 28 (5.30%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (3.03%) User Experience
4 8 (1.52%) Public Cloud
5 6 (1.14%) Greenfield Project
6 5 (0.95%) Virtual Team
7 4 (0.76%) Fixed Income
7 4 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (0.57%) Digital Wallet
8 3 (0.57%) Mobile Payment
8 3 (0.57%) Mobile Wallet
8 3 (0.57%) Robotics
9 2 (0.38%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.38%) Cyberthreat
9 2 (0.38%) Derivative
9 2 (0.38%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.38%) Mainframe
9 2 (0.38%) Mobile Banking
9 2 (0.38%) Xbox
Operating Systems
1 53 (10.04%) Linux
2 41 (7.77%) Windows
3 34 (6.44%) Unix
4 16 (3.03%) Android
5 11 (2.08%) Apple iOS
6 6 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.95%) Solaris
7 5 (0.95%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.57%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.38%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.38%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.19%) CentOS
10 1 (0.19%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 351 (66.48%) Test Automation
2 347 (65.72%) Agile Software Development
3 190 (35.98%) BDD
4 145 (27.46%) DevOps
5 136 (25.76%) Scrum
6 130 (24.62%) TDD
7 112 (21.21%) Continuous Integration
8 97 (18.37%) Microservices
9 74 (14.02%) API Testing
10 68 (12.88%) Test Scripting
11 66 (12.50%) Kanban
12 59 (11.17%) Test Strategy
13 58 (10.98%) SDLC
14 53 (10.04%) Scenario Testing
15 52 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
16 49 (9.28%) Integration Testing
17 46 (8.71%) Open Source
18 44 (8.33%) Performance Testing
19 39 (7.39%) Continuous Delivery
20 36 (6.82%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 344 (65.15%) Java
2 143 (27.08%) JavaScript
3 132 (25.00%) SQL
4 69 (13.07%) C#
5 66 (12.50%) Python
6 43 (8.14%) Java 8
7 34 (6.44%) TypeScript
8 33 (6.25%) Groovy
9 30 (5.68%) Scala
10 24 (4.55%) Ruby
11 18 (3.41%) Shell Script
12 14 (2.65%) Kotlin
13 12 (2.27%) PL/SQL
14 10 (1.89%) Perl
15 9 (1.70%) ES6
16 8 (1.52%) C
17 7 (1.33%) PowerShell
18 6 (1.14%) Bash Shell
18 6 (1.14%) C++
19 5 (0.95%) Go
Qualifications
1 123 (23.30%) Security Cleared
2 93 (17.61%) SC Cleared
3 36 (6.82%) ISTQB
4 28 (5.30%) ISEB
5 14 (2.65%) DV Cleared
5 14 (2.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 10 (1.89%) Degree
7 6 (1.14%) AWS Certification
7 6 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (1.14%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.76%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 4 (0.76%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.38%) Computer Science Degree
11 1 (0.19%) MBA
11 1 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (18.75%) QA
2 4 (0.76%) WCAG
3 2 (0.38%) GDPR
4 1 (0.19%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.19%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.19%) PSD2
4 1 (0.19%) SEPA
4 1 (0.19%) SLA
System Software
1 107 (20.27%) Docker
2 7 (1.33%) HDFS
3 3 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.19%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.19%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 68 (12.88%) Kubernetes
2 43 (8.14%) Terraform
3 27 (5.11%) Ansible
4 24 (4.55%) Opscode Chef
5 12 (2.27%) Kibana
5 12 (2.27%) Puppet
6 9 (1.70%) Grafana
7 4 (0.76%) HP ALM
7 4 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.57%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.57%) Rundeck
9 2 (0.38%) Istio
9 2 (0.38%) Marathon
9 2 (0.38%) Mesos
9 2 (0.38%) Nessus
9 2 (0.38%) OpenNebula
10 1 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.19%) logstash
Vendors
1 52 (9.85%) Oracle
2 28 (5.30%) Microsoft
3 22 (4.17%) Google
4 16 (3.03%) Atlassian
5 11 (2.08%) SAP
5 11 (2.08%) Splunk
6 9 (1.70%) BEA
7 7 (1.33%) HP
8 6 (1.14%) MuleSoft
8 6 (1.14%) Red Hat
8 6 (1.14%) Twitter
9 5 (0.95%) hybris
9 5 (0.95%) Perforce
10 4 (0.76%) AppDynamics
10 4 (0.76%) webMethods
11 3 (0.57%) Apple
11 3 (0.57%) Guidewire
11 3 (0.57%) IBM
11 3 (0.57%) TIBCO
12 2 (0.38%) Xamarin