Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 235 215 179
Rank change year-on-year -20 -36 -1
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 542 487 1,328
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.11% 1.25% 1.60%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.48% 6.78% 7.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 375 360 884
10th Percentile £340 £331 £345
25th Percentile £400 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £553 £538
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £472 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +4.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 1 1
10th Percentile £50.65 " "
25th Percentile £62.50 " £11.25
Median hourly rate £65.52 £58.00 £11.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.97% +404.35% -48.89%
75th Percentile £71.00 " £11.75
90th Percentile £73.45 " "
UK median hourly rate £60.50 £58.00 £11.50
% change year-on-year +4.31% +404.35% -54.46%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 8,361 7,179 16,637
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.12% 18.48% 20.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,553 5,068 11,281
10th Percentile £350 £338 £340
25th Percentile £413 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £600 £594 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +0.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 160 100 226
10th Percentile £25.13 £19.80 £18.88
25th Percentile £41.19 £39.06 £36.75
Median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £57.50 £54.77 £50.84
90th Percentile £65.54 £63.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £44.18
% change year-on-year - +7.51% +3.95%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 321 £501 +0.25% 66
North of England +13 55 £450 - 18
South East -3 48 £475 +5.56% 17
Midlands -27 37 £367 -13.20% 6
South West -20 31 £475 +4.11% 9
West Midlands -24 26 £362 -15.42% 4
North East +8 23 £538 +19.44% 1
North West +5 19 £440 -2.22% 6
East of England +2 15 £450 +9.09% 4
Yorkshire +13 13 £418 -7.22% 11
East Midlands -1 11 £380 +26.67% 2
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 360 (66.42%) Java
2 347 (64.02%) Agile Software Development
3 338 (62.36%) Test Automation
4 280 (51.66%) Selenium
5 275 (50.74%) BDD
6 237 (43.73%) Jenkins
7 198 (36.53%) TDD
8 186 (34.32%) JIRA
9 177 (32.66%) Git (software)
10 174 (32.10%) Microservices
11 170 (31.37%) Spring
12 162 (29.89%) JavaScript
12 162 (29.89%) DevOps
13 148 (27.31%) Scrum
14 145 (26.75%) Maven
15 143 (26.38%) JUnit
16 136 (25.09%) Docker
16 136 (25.09%) REST
16 136 (25.09%) QA
17 130 (23.99%) AWS
18 129 (23.80%) SQL
19 108 (19.93%) Gherkin
20 103 (19.00%) Social Skills
21 100 (18.45%) Banking
22 99 (18.27%) Continuous Integration
23 98 (18.08%) Azure
24 88 (16.24%) Security Cleared
25 86 (15.87%) Confluence
25 86 (15.87%) AngularJS
26 83 (15.31%) RESTful

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (15.87%) Confluence
2 23 (4.24%) Tomcat
3 16 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (2.95%) Mule
4 15 (2.77%) JBoss
5 14 (2.58%) SharePoint
6 13 (2.40%) WebSphere
7 9 (1.66%) Apache Spark
7 9 (1.66%) CMS
7 9 (1.66%) Jetty
8 8 (1.48%) Red Hat Fuse
9 7 (1.29%) Apache
10 5 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.74%) IBM Domino
12 3 (0.55%) Anypoint
12 3 (0.55%) Drupal
12 3 (0.55%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.37%) nginx
14 1 (0.18%) Alfresco
14 1 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 13 (2.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.66%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.55%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.18%) Figma
5 1 (0.18%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 13 (2.40%) SAP HCM
2 5 (0.92%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.74%) Magento
4 2 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.37%) SAP FI-CA
4 2 (0.37%) SAP PSCD
5 1 (0.18%) Endur
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 130 (23.99%) AWS
2 98 (18.08%) Azure
3 50 (9.23%) GitHub
4 24 (4.43%) GCP
5 23 (4.24%) Serverless
6 22 (4.06%) OpenShift
7 20 (3.69%) SaaS
8 19 (3.51%) PaaS
9 17 (3.14%) IaaS
10 16 (2.95%) AWS Lambda
11 14 (2.58%) SuccessFactors
12 13 (2.40%) Amazon S3
13 11 (2.03%) npm
14 10 (1.85%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
15 7 (1.29%) Amazon EKS
15 7 (1.29%) BrowserStack
15 7 (1.29%) Sauce Labs
15 7 (1.29%) Tricentis Tosca
15 7 (1.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (3.87%) HTTP
2 12 (2.21%) LAN
3 9 (1.66%) Kerberos
4 7 (1.29%) DNS
5 6 (1.11%) Internet
5 6 (1.11%) Unified Communications
6 5 (0.92%) DMARC
6 5 (0.92%) SMS
6 5 (0.92%) SMTP
7 4 (0.74%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.55%) SSL
9 2 (0.37%) SWIFTNet
9 2 (0.37%) VPN
10 1 (0.18%) DSL
10 1 (0.18%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.18%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (7.56%) NoSQL
2 33 (6.09%) Relational Database
3 27 (4.98%) MongoDB
3 27 (4.98%) PostgreSQL
4 25 (4.61%) SQL Server
5 15 (2.77%) Data Warehouse
6 12 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 12 (2.21%) Hadoop
6 12 (2.21%) MySQL
7 9 (1.66%) Big Data
8 7 (1.29%) Apache Hive
8 7 (1.29%) Redis
9 6 (1.11%) HBase
9 6 (1.11%) Impala
9 6 (1.11%) RDBMS
10 5 (0.92%) Amazon Athena
10 5 (0.92%) CockroachDB
10 5 (0.92%) DB2
10 5 (0.92%) Oracle Reports
11 4 (0.74%) DbVisualizer
Development Applications
1 280 (51.66%) Selenium
2 237 (43.73%) Jenkins
3 186 (34.32%) JIRA
4 177 (32.66%) Git (software)
5 145 (26.75%) Maven
6 143 (26.38%) JUnit
7 71 (13.10%) Postman
8 57 (10.52%) REST Assured
9 56 (10.33%) JMeter
10 45 (8.30%) WebDriver
11 44 (8.12%) GitLab
12 41 (7.56%) SpecFlow
13 40 (7.38%) Cypress.io
14 37 (6.83%) Mockito
15 36 (6.64%) SoapUI
16 29 (5.35%) Subversion
16 29 (5.35%) TestNG
17 28 (5.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 27 (4.98%) Protractor
19 26 (4.80%) IntelliJ
General
1 103 (19.00%) Social Skills
2 100 (18.45%) Banking
3 82 (15.13%) Finance
4 54 (9.96%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (5.72%) Public Sector
6 24 (4.43%) Retail
7 21 (3.87%) Documentation Skills
8 14 (2.58%) Investment Banking
9 11 (2.03%) Games
9 11 (2.03%) Influencing Skills
10 9 (1.66%) Presentation Skills
11 8 (1.48%) Retail Banking
12 7 (1.29%) Telecoms
13 6 (1.11%) Marketing
14 5 (0.92%) Front Office
15 2 (0.37%) Legal
16 1 (0.18%) Automotive
16 1 (0.18%) Back Office
16 1 (0.18%) Financial Institution
16 1 (0.18%) Military
Job Titles
1 186 (34.32%) Developer
2 117 (21.59%) Java Developer
3 94 (17.34%) Tester
4 72 (13.28%) Automation Tester
5 62 (11.44%) Analyst
6 57 (10.52%) Test Engineer
7 45 (8.30%) Test Analyst
8 40 (7.38%) Senior Developer
9 33 (6.09%) Senior Java Developer
10 32 (5.90%) Test Automation Engineer
11 29 (5.35%) Software Engineer
12 23 (4.24%) QA Engineer
13 22 (4.06%) AWS Developer
13 22 (4.06%) Developer in Test
13 22 (4.06%) Full Stack Developer
13 22 (4.06%) Java Engineer
13 22 (4.06%) QA Tester
14 20 (3.69%) Automation Test Analyst
15 18 (3.32%) Architect
15 18 (3.32%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (31.37%) Spring
2 136 (25.09%) REST
3 108 (19.93%) Gherkin
4 86 (15.87%) AngularJS
5 83 (15.31%) RESTful
6 71 (13.10%) Node.js
7 70 (12.92%) Web Services
8 65 (11.99%) Spring Boot
9 59 (10.89%) XML
10 51 (9.41%) React
11 47 (8.67%) JSON
12 44 (8.12%) HTML
13 39 (7.20%) Hibernate
14 38 (7.01%) SOAP
15 30 (5.54%) Kafka
16 29 (5.35%) GraphQL
17 28 (5.17%) CSS
17 28 (5.17%) Java EE
18 27 (4.98%) Jest
19 26 (4.80%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 36 (6.64%) Mobile App
2 23 (4.24%) User Experience
3 16 (2.95%) Fixed Income
4 14 (2.58%) Client/Server
4 14 (2.58%) Cloud Native
5 13 (2.40%) Public Cloud
6 12 (2.21%) Virtual Team
7 11 (2.03%) Replication
8 10 (1.85%) Data Structures
9 9 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
10 7 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.11%) Algorithms
11 6 (1.11%) Analytical Mindset
11 6 (1.11%) Mainframe
12 5 (0.92%) Marketing Technology
12 5 (0.92%) NHS
12 5 (0.92%) Reference Data
12 5 (0.92%) SWIFT
13 4 (0.74%) Greenfield Project
13 4 (0.74%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 55 (10.15%) Unix
2 46 (8.49%) Linux
3 38 (7.01%) Windows
4 18 (3.32%) Android
5 16 (2.95%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 347 (64.02%) Agile Software Development
2 338 (62.36%) Test Automation
3 275 (50.74%) BDD
4 198 (36.53%) TDD
5 174 (32.10%) Microservices
6 162 (29.89%) DevOps
7 148 (27.31%) Scrum
8 99 (18.27%) Continuous Integration
9 79 (14.58%) Software Testing
10 73 (13.47%) Problem-Solving
11 70 (12.92%) Software Engineering
12 63 (11.62%) Test Strategy
13 57 (10.52%) API Testing
14 49 (9.04%) Integration Testing
15 47 (8.67%) Test Scripting
16 46 (8.49%) Acceptance Criteria
17 44 (8.12%) SDET
18 43 (7.93%) Continuous Delivery
18 43 (7.93%) Mentoring
18 43 (7.93%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 360 (66.42%) Java
2 162 (29.89%) JavaScript
3 129 (23.80%) SQL
4 74 (13.65%) Java 8
5 72 (13.28%) Python
6 53 (9.78%) C#
7 52 (9.59%) TypeScript
8 27 (4.98%) Scala
9 25 (4.61%) ES6
10 20 (3.69%) Shell Script
11 18 (3.32%) C++
12 17 (3.14%) C
13 14 (2.58%) Ruby
14 10 (1.85%) Go
14 10 (1.85%) Kotlin
14 10 (1.85%) PowerShell
15 9 (1.66%) Bash Shell
16 8 (1.48%) R
17 7 (1.29%) Groovy
18 4 (0.74%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 88 (16.24%) Security Cleared
2 65 (11.99%) SC Cleared
3 37 (6.83%) ISTQB
4 32 (5.90%) ISEB
5 29 (5.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 24 (4.43%) Degree
7 15 (2.77%) DV Cleared
8 11 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.55%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.37%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.18%) CFA
12 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
12 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (25.09%) QA
2 22 (4.06%) Accessibility
3 8 (1.48%) ISO 20022
4 6 (1.11%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.92%) GDPR
6 4 (0.74%) SEPA
7 3 (0.55%) TARGET2
7 3 (0.55%) WCAG
8 2 (0.37%) GRC
8 2 (0.37%) ISO 15022
8 2 (0.37%) MiFID
8 2 (0.37%) PSD2
System Software
1 136 (25.09%) Docker
2 6 (1.11%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.92%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 81 (14.94%) Kubernetes
2 31 (5.72%) Terraform
3 16 (2.95%) Kibana
4 15 (2.77%) HP Quality Center
5 13 (2.40%) Ansible
6 11 (2.03%) Puppet
7 9 (1.66%) HP ALM
8 5 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.92%) Rancher
9 4 (0.74%) Grafana
10 2 (0.37%) Nagios
10 2 (0.37%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.37%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.18%) Istio
11 1 (0.18%) logstash
Vendors
1 52 (9.59%) Oracle
2 25 (4.61%) Microsoft
3 24 (4.43%) HP
4 18 (3.32%) Atlassian
5 16 (2.95%) Google
5 16 (2.95%) SAP
6 13 (2.40%) MuleSoft
7 12 (2.21%) Splunk
8 9 (1.66%) IBM
8 9 (1.66%) Xamarin
9 8 (1.48%) Murex
9 8 (1.48%) Sybase
10 6 (1.11%) Cloudera
11 5 (0.92%) Adobe
12 4 (0.74%) hybris
12 4 (0.74%) OutSystems
12 4 (0.74%) Xerox
13 3 (0.55%) CA Agile Central
13 3 (0.55%) Dell
13 3 (0.55%) ServiceNow