Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 231 207 208
Rank change year-on-year -24 +1 -47
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 768 339 1,101
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.20% 1.31% 1.36%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.70% 7.23% 7.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 552 256 760
10th Percentile £350 £325 £347
25th Percentile £410 £400 £393
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - -5.26%
75th Percentile £588 £523 £538
90th Percentile £650 £588 £610
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.33% - -2.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 0 2
10th Percentile £40.75 " £28.90
25th Percentile £63.50 " £36.25
Median hourly rate £65.50 - £48.50
75th Percentile £70.25 " £60.75
90th Percentile £73.45 " £68.10
UK median hourly rate £65.50 - £48.50

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,459 4,689 14,764
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.89% 18.14% 18.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,811 3,283 9,889
10th Percentile £363 £325 £331
25th Percentile £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £650 £643
UK median daily rate £510 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +3.03% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 65 175
10th Percentile £25.25 £25.13 £20.20
25th Percentile £41.25 £41.25 £40.25
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.17% +8.24%
75th Percentile £60.50 £53.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £70.10 £57.50 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -28 435 £525 +16.67% 66
North of England -46 94 £450 -5.26% 23
South West +4 64 £488 +8.33% 10
South East -47 52 £483 +9.66% 20
Midlands -74 42 £380 -1.94% 8
Yorkshire -21 40 £444 -6.58% 8
North West -58 33 £463 -2.63% 12
West Midlands -63 32 £382 -8.07% 7
East of England -47 22 £495 +10.00% 8
North East -3 21 £500 +6.10% 3
East Midlands -33 10 £380 +15.53% 1
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 510 (66.41%) Agile Software Development
2 492 (64.06%) Test Automation
3 459 (59.77%) Java
4 422 (54.95%) Selenium
5 343 (44.66%) BDD
6 322 (41.93%) Jenkins
7 294 (38.28%) TDD
8 241 (31.38%) Microservices
9 234 (30.47%) JavaScript
10 233 (30.34%) JIRA
11 226 (29.43%) DevOps
12 224 (29.17%) Git (software)
13 204 (26.56%) Spring
14 202 (26.30%) Scrum
15 180 (23.44%) Docker
16 176 (22.92%) SQL
16 176 (22.92%) QA
17 166 (21.61%) AWS
18 160 (20.83%) REST
19 152 (19.79%) Maven
20 148 (19.27%) JUnit
20 148 (19.27%) Social Skills
21 143 (18.62%) Gherkin
22 141 (18.36%) Azure
23 139 (18.10%) Software Testing
24 117 (15.23%) Confluence
25 115 (14.97%) Continuous Integration
26 114 (14.84%) Security Cleared
26 114 (14.84%) Node.js
27 106 (13.80%) RESTful

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (15.23%) Confluence
2 35 (4.56%) Elasticsearch
3 34 (4.43%) Tomcat
4 18 (2.34%) JBoss
5 11 (1.43%) Apache
5 11 (1.43%) Mule
5 11 (1.43%) SharePoint
6 10 (1.30%) WebSphere
7 9 (1.17%) Apache Spark
7 9 (1.17%) GemFire
8 8 (1.04%) CMS
9 7 (0.91%) WebLogic
10 6 (0.78%) nginx
10 6 (0.78%) Red Hat Fuse
11 5 (0.65%) Drupal
11 5 (0.65%) IBM Domino
12 4 (0.52%) IIS
12 4 (0.52%) Mattermost
13 3 (0.39%) Jetty
14 1 (0.13%) Alfresco
Applications
1 13 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.17%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.52%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.26%) Mingle
6 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (2.21%) SAP HCM
2 5 (0.65%) Magento
3 4 (0.52%) SAP FI-CA
3 4 (0.52%) SAP PSCD
3 4 (0.52%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.39%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.13%) Endur
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 166 (21.61%) AWS
2 141 (18.36%) Azure
3 64 (8.33%) GitHub
4 34 (4.43%) SaaS
5 33 (4.30%) Serverless
6 27 (3.52%) PaaS
7 26 (3.39%) BrowserStack
8 22 (2.86%) Sauce Labs
9 21 (2.73%) Amazon S3
9 21 (2.73%) AWS Lambda
10 20 (2.60%) GCP
10 20 (2.60%) SuccessFactors
11 19 (2.47%) IaaS
11 19 (2.47%) OpenShift
12 14 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
12 14 (1.82%) npm
13 12 (1.56%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
15 10 (1.30%) Apigee
16 9 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.39%) HTTP
2 13 (1.69%) LAN
3 7 (0.91%) SSL
3 7 (0.91%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.78%) DSL
4 6 (0.78%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.52%) Internet
6 2 (0.26%) DNS
6 2 (0.26%) DVB
7 1 (0.13%) 2G
7 1 (0.13%) Broadband
7 1 (0.13%) DMARC
7 1 (0.13%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.13%) SMS
7 1 (0.13%) SMTP
7 1 (0.13%) VPN
7 1 (0.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (6.77%) NoSQL
2 39 (5.08%) Relational Database
3 38 (4.95%) MongoDB
4 32 (4.17%) SQL Server
5 30 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
6 20 (2.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 18 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
8 17 (2.21%) MySQL
8 17 (2.21%) Redis
9 14 (1.82%) Big Data
9 14 (1.82%) RDBMS
10 13 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.56%) Hadoop
12 10 (1.30%) Oracle Reports
13 9 (1.17%) InterSystems Cache
14 8 (1.04%) DB2
15 6 (0.78%) Data Lake
16 5 (0.65%) DbVisualizer
17 4 (0.52%) Apache Hive
17 4 (0.52%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 422 (54.95%) Selenium
2 322 (41.93%) Jenkins
3 233 (30.34%) JIRA
4 224 (29.17%) Git (software)
5 152 (19.79%) Maven
6 148 (19.27%) JUnit
7 101 (13.15%) JMeter
8 89 (11.59%) WebDriver
9 82 (10.68%) REST Assured
10 80 (10.42%) Postman
11 58 (7.55%) Gatling
12 54 (7.03%) SoapUI
13 53 (6.90%) SpecFlow
14 52 (6.77%) GitLab
15 45 (5.86%) Appium
16 44 (5.73%) Cypress.io
17 42 (5.47%) Protractor
18 41 (5.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 37 (4.82%) TestNG
20 35 (4.56%) Bitbucket
General
1 148 (19.27%) Social Skills
2 99 (12.89%) Finance
3 89 (11.59%) Banking
4 58 (7.55%) Public Sector
5 55 (7.16%) Analytical Skills
6 29 (3.78%) Documentation Skills
7 23 (2.99%) Investment Banking
7 23 (2.99%) Retail
8 19 (2.47%) Influencing Skills
9 12 (1.56%) Games
10 10 (1.30%) Retail Banking
10 10 (1.30%) Telecoms
11 6 (0.78%) Law
12 5 (0.65%) Front Office
12 5 (0.65%) Legal
13 4 (0.52%) Avionics
13 4 (0.52%) Electronics
14 3 (0.39%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.39%) Marketing
15 2 (0.26%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 245 (31.90%) Developer
2 146 (19.01%) Tester
3 119 (15.49%) Java Developer
4 106 (13.80%) Automation Tester
5 97 (12.63%) Test Engineer
6 91 (11.85%) Analyst
7 80 (10.42%) Test Analyst
8 64 (8.33%) Test Automation Engineer
9 41 (5.34%) Senior Developer
10 36 (4.69%) Software Engineer
11 34 (4.43%) Developer in Test
11 34 (4.43%) Java Engineer
12 33 (4.30%) DevOps Engineer
13 30 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
14 28 (3.65%) Senior Java Developer
15 26 (3.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 26 (3.39%) Software Developer
16 25 (3.26%) Senior Test Engineer
17 24 (3.13%) Architect
18 21 (2.73%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 204 (26.56%) Spring
2 160 (20.83%) REST
3 143 (18.62%) Gherkin
4 114 (14.84%) Node.js
5 106 (13.80%) RESTful
6 103 (13.41%) AngularJS
7 97 (12.63%) Web Services
8 95 (12.37%) Spring Boot
9 82 (10.68%) HTML
10 81 (10.55%) React
11 78 (10.16%) XML
12 65 (8.46%) CSS
13 58 (7.55%) JSON
14 51 (6.64%) Kafka
15 48 (6.25%) SOAP
16 42 (5.47%) Jest
17 37 (4.82%) GraphQL
18 34 (4.43%) Hibernate
19 32 (4.17%) jQuery
20 30 (3.91%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 29 (3.78%) User Experience
2 28 (3.65%) Mobile App
3 19 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
4 18 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
5 17 (2.21%) Media Streaming
5 17 (2.21%) Video\Live Streaming
6 16 (2.08%) Client/Server
6 16 (2.08%) Public Cloud
7 14 (1.82%) Fixed Income
8 13 (1.69%) Data Structures
8 13 (1.69%) N-Tier
9 12 (1.56%) Algorithms
10 11 (1.43%) Cloud Native
10 11 (1.43%) Replication
11 9 (1.17%) Virtual Team
12 7 (0.91%) NHS
13 6 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
13 6 (0.78%) Data Protection Act
13 6 (0.78%) Private Cloud
14 5 (0.65%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 73 (9.51%) Unix
2 53 (6.90%) Windows
3 46 (5.99%) Linux
4 29 (3.78%) Android
5 24 (3.13%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.39%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 510 (66.41%) Agile Software Development
2 492 (64.06%) Test Automation
3 343 (44.66%) BDD
4 294 (38.28%) TDD
5 241 (31.38%) Microservices
6 226 (29.43%) DevOps
7 202 (26.30%) Scrum
8 139 (18.10%) Software Testing
9 115 (14.97%) Continuous Integration
10 103 (13.41%) Test Scripting
11 99 (12.89%) API Testing
12 96 (12.50%) Problem-Solving
13 92 (11.98%) Software Engineering
14 82 (10.68%) Test Strategy
15 75 (9.77%) SDET
16 74 (9.64%) Full Stack Development
17 73 (9.51%) Performance Testing
18 65 (8.46%) Kanban
19 62 (8.07%) Regression Testing
19 62 (8.07%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 459 (59.77%) Java
2 234 (30.47%) JavaScript
3 176 (22.92%) SQL
4 94 (12.24%) Python
5 87 (11.33%) Java 8
6 64 (8.33%) TypeScript
7 63 (8.20%) C#
8 44 (5.73%) Scala
9 25 (3.26%) C++
10 24 (3.13%) Ruby
10 24 (3.13%) Shell Script
11 23 (2.99%) ES6
12 22 (2.86%) Bash Shell
13 18 (2.34%) Groovy
14 14 (1.82%) C
15 12 (1.56%) Kotlin
16 9 (1.17%) R
17 8 (1.04%) PL/SQL
18 7 (0.91%) Java 11
18 7 (0.91%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 114 (14.84%) Security Cleared
2 89 (11.59%) SC Cleared
3 67 (8.72%) ISTQB
4 52 (6.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 49 (6.38%) ISEB
6 22 (2.86%) Degree
7 16 (2.08%) DV Cleared
8 9 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.65%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.26%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.13%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.13%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.13%) CITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 176 (22.92%) QA
2 60 (7.81%) Accessibility
3 13 (1.69%) WCAG
4 4 (0.52%) GDPR
4 4 (0.52%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.39%) SEPA
6 2 (0.26%) GRC
7 1 (0.13%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.13%) IFRS
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.13%) PSD2
7 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.13%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.13%) TARGET2
System Software
1 180 (23.44%) Docker
2 7 (0.91%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.52%) vSphere
4 3 (0.39%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.26%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 104 (13.54%) Kubernetes
2 49 (6.38%) Terraform
3 40 (5.21%) Ansible
4 26 (3.39%) Kibana
5 12 (1.56%) Puppet
6 10 (1.30%) HP Quality Center
7 9 (1.17%) Graphite
7 9 (1.17%) logstash
8 7 (0.91%) Grafana
9 6 (0.78%) HP ALM
9 6 (0.78%) Netcool
10 5 (0.65%) Rancher
11 4 (0.52%) vCenter Server
12 2 (0.26%) Istio
12 2 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
13 1 (0.13%) Amdocs OSS
13 1 (0.13%) Nagios
13 1 (0.13%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 92 (11.98%) Oracle
2 35 (4.56%) Microsoft
3 27 (3.52%) Atlassian
3 27 (3.52%) SAP
4 21 (2.73%) Splunk
5 14 (1.82%) MuleSoft
6 12 (1.56%) IBM
7 11 (1.43%) HP
7 11 (1.43%) Perfecto Mobile
8 10 (1.30%) Google
9 8 (1.04%) AppDynamics
9 8 (1.04%) Databricks
9 8 (1.04%) ServiceNow
9 8 (1.04%) Xamarin
10 7 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
11 5 (0.65%) hybris
11 5 (0.65%) Murex
11 5 (0.65%) New Relic
11 5 (0.65%) Sybase
11 5 (0.65%) Xerox