Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 142 171 166
Rank change year-on-year +29 -5 +37
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,757 1,451 1,478
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.92% 1.57% 1.66%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.92% 8.42% 9.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,166 1,080 998
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £350 £338 £310
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
England median hourly rate £35.00 £70.50 £32.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.35% +118.60% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £70.50 £32.25
% change year-on-year -50.35% +118.60% -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,699 17,227 14,876
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.57% 18.60% 16.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,525 12,163 9,949
England median daily rate £488 £473 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.17% +8.00% +6.06%
10th Percentile £331 £313 £305
90th Percentile £635 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £425
% change year-on-year +4.40% +7.06% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 224 217
England median hourly rate £42.75 £44.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.84% +8.64% +1.25%
10th Percentile £32.55 £29.30 £24.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £63.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £43.75 £41.00
% change year-on-year -0.57% +6.71% +2.50%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in England

Cucumber
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 939 £500 +3.09% 150
South East +77 260 £445 +4.71% 48
Midlands +86 196 £425 +3.34% 46
North of England -13 195 £445 +4.71% 59
West Midlands +88 153 £435 +2.35% 27
South West +7 134 £440 +16.56% 49
Yorkshire -33 76 £475 +11.76% 22
North West -26 65 £425 -0.18% 32
North East +30 55 £435 +2.35% 5
East Midlands -6 43 £403 -2.13% 19
East of England -46 32 £413 -8.33% 16
Cucumber
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,263 (71.88%) Test Automation
2 1,196 (68.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,184 (67.39%) Java
4 1,121 (63.80%) Selenium
5 801 (45.59%) BDD
6 700 (39.84%) Jenkins
7 560 (31.87%) Git (software)
8 552 (31.42%) TDD
9 509 (28.97%) JavaScript
10 479 (27.26%) Continuous Integration
11 467 (26.58%) JIRA
12 454 (25.84%) Scrum
13 417 (23.73%) DevOps
14 415 (23.62%) Docker
15 411 (23.39%) QA
16 388 (22.08%) SQL
17 367 (20.89%) WebDriver
18 353 (20.09%) Gherkin
19 349 (19.86%) Microservices
20 348 (19.81%) REST
21 309 (17.59%) Maven
22 298 (16.96%) Confluence
23 294 (16.73%) Node.js
24 286 (16.28%) Linux
25 280 (15.94%) JUnit
26 259 (14.74%) Spring
27 257 (14.63%) AngularJS
28 256 (14.57%) CSS
29 245 (13.94%) HTML
30 222 (12.64%) C#

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 298 (16.96%) Confluence
2 79 (4.50%) Tomcat
3 71 (4.04%) Apache
4 62 (3.53%) Elasticsearch
5 57 (3.24%) nginx
6 54 (3.07%) JBoss
7 49 (2.79%) WebLogic
8 36 (2.05%) CMS
9 35 (1.99%) Documentum
10 33 (1.88%) Apache Spark
11 30 (1.71%) SharePoint
12 23 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
12 23 (1.31%) WebSphere
13 15 (0.85%) Apache Solr
14 11 (0.63%) CoreMedia CMS
15 9 (0.51%) IIS
16 8 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 8 (0.46%) Mule
17 6 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
18 5 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 15 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.11%) InVision
2 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.057%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.057%) HipChat
3 1 (0.057%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 17 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.57%) Sentinel
3 5 (0.28%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (0.28%) SAP PSCD
4 3 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.057%) Exstream
6 1 (0.057%) Magento
6 1 (0.057%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.057%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.057%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 196 (11.16%) Amazon AWS
2 184 (10.47%) GitHub
3 170 (9.68%) Microsoft Azure
4 101 (5.75%) BrowserStack
5 73 (4.15%) Google Analytics
6 51 (2.90%) Slack
7 44 (2.50%) Sauce Labs
8 37 (2.11%) npm
9 27 (1.54%) Google Cloud Platform
10 26 (1.48%) OpenShift
11 25 (1.42%) Serverless
12 24 (1.37%) SaaS
13 18 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
14 15 (0.85%) PaaS
15 14 (0.80%) Apigee
15 14 (0.80%) Datadog
16 12 (0.68%) Lucidchart
17 10 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
18 8 (0.46%) Amazon S3
18 8 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 115 (6.55%) HTTP
2 64 (3.64%) SSL
3 57 (3.24%) TCP/IP
4 23 (1.31%) Internet
5 17 (0.97%) AMQP
6 12 (0.68%) Skype
7 9 (0.51%) Kerberos
8 5 (0.28%) Firewall
9 4 (0.23%) DSL
9 4 (0.23%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.17%) DNS
10 3 (0.17%) SSH
11 2 (0.11%) BIG-IP
12 1 (0.057%) BGP
12 1 (0.057%) MPLS
12 1 (0.057%) Network Security
12 1 (0.057%) OSPF
12 1 (0.057%) PuTTY
12 1 (0.057%) SMTP
12 1 (0.057%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (11.61%) MongoDB
2 145 (8.25%) NoSQL
3 74 (4.21%) MySQL
4 73 (4.15%) Relational Database
5 66 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
6 61 (3.47%) SQL Server
7 40 (2.28%) Hadoop
8 39 (2.22%) Redis
9 35 (1.99%) Big Data
10 31 (1.76%) Neo4j
11 22 (1.25%) HBase
12 18 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (0.80%) RDBMS
14 13 (0.74%) DB2
15 12 (0.68%) Apache Hive
15 12 (0.68%) Oracle Database
15 12 (0.68%) Sqoop
16 10 (0.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (0.57%) Apache Kudu
16 10 (0.57%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,121 (63.80%) Selenium
2 700 (39.84%) Jenkins
3 560 (31.87%) Git (software)
4 467 (26.58%) JIRA
5 367 (20.89%) WebDriver
6 309 (17.59%) Maven
7 280 (15.94%) JUnit
8 204 (11.61%) JMeter
9 180 (10.24%) SoapUI
10 125 (7.11%) Gatling
10 125 (7.11%) gulp
11 119 (6.77%) Protractor
12 117 (6.66%) Ant
13 115 (6.55%) IntelliJ
14 113 (6.43%) Karma Test Runner
15 106 (6.03%) Mockito
16 98 (5.58%) SpecFlow
17 93 (5.29%) Bitbucket
18 91 (5.18%) Subversion
19 85 (4.84%) Appium
General
1 200 (11.38%) Finance
2 156 (8.88%) Banking
3 56 (3.19%) Retail
4 33 (1.88%) Investment Banking
5 32 (1.82%) Games
6 21 (1.20%) Front Office
7 18 (1.02%) Advertising
8 17 (0.97%) Financial Institution
9 13 (0.74%) Marketing
10 12 (0.68%) Online Betting
11 10 (0.57%) Back Office
11 10 (0.57%) Law
11 10 (0.57%) Telecoms
12 8 (0.46%) Manufacturing
13 7 (0.40%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.28%) Electronics
14 5 (0.28%) Wholesale Banking
15 4 (0.23%) Legal
15 4 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.23%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 613 (34.89%) Developer
2 398 (22.65%) Tester
3 298 (16.96%) Automation Tester
4 289 (16.45%) Java Developer
5 200 (11.38%) Test Engineer
6 183 (10.42%) Analyst
7 167 (9.50%) Test Analyst
8 119 (6.77%) Developer in Test
9 109 (6.20%) Test Automation Engineer
10 106 (6.03%) Selenium Tester
11 100 (5.69%) Selenium Automation Tester
12 99 (5.63%) Java Automation Tester
13 76 (4.33%) QA Tester
14 75 (4.27%) Automation Test Analyst
15 72 (4.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 65 (3.70%) DevOps Engineer
17 60 (3.41%) Angular Developer
17 60 (3.41%) Senior Developer
18 59 (3.36%) Java Engineer
18 59 (3.36%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 353 (20.09%) Gherkin
2 348 (19.81%) REST
3 294 (16.73%) Node.js
4 259 (14.74%) Spring
5 257 (14.63%) AngularJS
6 256 (14.57%) CSS
7 245 (13.94%) HTML
8 219 (12.46%) Web Services
9 170 (9.68%) RESTful
10 168 (9.56%) SOAP
11 167 (9.50%) JSON
12 150 (8.54%) XML
13 144 (8.20%) .NET
14 125 (7.11%) HTML5
15 120 (6.83%) Spring Boot
16 114 (6.49%) React
17 101 (5.75%) jQuery
18 100 (5.69%) Sass
19 66 (3.76%) Play Framework
20 58 (3.30%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 103 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
2 76 (4.33%) User Experience
3 70 (3.98%) Greenfield Project
4 57 (3.24%) Mobile App
5 30 (1.71%) Virtual Team
6 29 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
7 24 (1.37%) Fintech
8 19 (1.08%) NHS
9 18 (1.02%) Algorithms
10 17 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
11 13 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 12 (0.68%) Data Structures
12 12 (0.68%) Public Cloud
13 11 (0.63%) Online Games
14 8 (0.46%) Management Information System
14 8 (0.46%) Video on Demand
15 7 (0.40%) Cloud Native
15 7 (0.40%) DataPower
15 7 (0.40%) Enterprise Software
15 7 (0.40%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 286 (16.28%) Linux
2 215 (12.24%) Unix
3 135 (7.68%) Windows
4 69 (3.93%) Ubuntu
5 58 (3.30%) Apple iOS
6 48 (2.73%) Android
7 43 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (1.94%) Mac OS X
9 16 (0.91%) Windows Server
10 12 (0.68%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.46%) Solaris
12 5 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.23%) Debian
14 3 (0.17%) CentOS
15 1 (0.057%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,263 (71.88%) Test Automation
2 1,196 (68.07%) Agile Software Development
3 801 (45.59%) BDD
4 552 (31.42%) TDD
5 479 (27.26%) Continuous Integration
6 454 (25.84%) Scrum
7 417 (23.73%) DevOps
8 349 (19.86%) Microservices
9 205 (11.67%) API Testing
10 192 (10.93%) SDET
11 186 (10.59%) Test Strategy
12 183 (10.42%) Open Source
13 167 (9.50%) Kanban
13 167 (9.50%) Test Scripting
14 158 (8.99%) Continuous Delivery
15 147 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
16 134 (7.63%) Front End Development
17 127 (7.23%) User Stories
18 114 (6.49%) Mentoring
19 108 (6.15%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,184 (67.39%) Java
2 509 (28.97%) JavaScript
3 388 (22.08%) SQL
4 222 (12.64%) C#
5 195 (11.10%) Python
6 153 (8.71%) Groovy
7 148 (8.42%) Java 8
8 140 (7.97%) Ruby
9 135 (7.68%) Scala
10 73 (4.15%) Perl
11 52 (2.96%) Haskell
12 49 (2.79%) ES6
13 41 (2.33%) TypeScript
14 38 (2.16%) Bash Shell
15 34 (1.94%) PL/SQL
16 33 (1.88%) C++
17 25 (1.42%) Shell Script
18 21 (1.20%) VB.NET
19 13 (0.74%) Apple Swift
20 11 (0.63%) PHP
Qualifications
1 143 (8.14%) Security Cleared
2 105 (5.98%) SC Cleared
3 100 (5.69%) ISTQB
4 85 (4.84%) ISEB
5 52 (2.96%) Degree
6 34 (1.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 31 (1.76%) DV Cleared
8 24 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
10 10 (0.57%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.51%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.40%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 3 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.11%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.057%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 411 (23.39%) QA
2 13 (0.74%) WCAG
3 8 (0.46%) MiFID
4 7 (0.40%) PMO
4 7 (0.40%) SEPA
5 5 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.23%) EMIR
7 3 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
7 3 (0.17%) GDPR
7 3 (0.17%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.057%) HL7
8 1 (0.057%) WAI
System Software
1 415 (23.62%) Docker
2 35 (1.99%) HDFS
3 11 (0.63%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.28%) Apache Flume
4 5 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.11%) vCloud
6 2 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.057%) Firmware
7 1 (0.057%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.057%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 128 (7.29%) Puppet
2 116 (6.60%) Kubernetes
3 107 (6.09%) Kibana
4 103 (5.86%) Ansible
5 86 (4.89%) Grafana
6 60 (3.41%) Terraform
7 46 (2.62%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (1.20%) HP Quality Center
8 21 (1.20%) logstash
9 19 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
10 18 (1.02%) Graphite
11 14 (0.80%) Nagios
11 14 (0.80%) Rancher
12 8 (0.46%) CA Service Virtualization
12 8 (0.46%) HP ALM
13 7 (0.40%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.34%) Marathon
14 6 (0.34%) Oozie
14 6 (0.34%) rkt
14 6 (0.34%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 120 (6.83%) Oracle
2 104 (5.92%) Google
3 99 (5.63%) Atlassian
4 75 (4.27%) Microsoft
5 64 (3.64%) Splunk
6 40 (2.28%) IBM
7 38 (2.16%) Pega
8 37 (2.11%) Adobe
9 34 (1.94%) AppDynamics
9 34 (1.94%) webMethods
10 26 (1.48%) HP
10 26 (1.48%) WSO2
11 24 (1.37%) hybris
12 20 (1.14%) New Relic
13 17 (0.97%) Perfecto Mobile
13 17 (0.97%) SAP
14 16 (0.91%) Red Hat
15 13 (0.74%) MuleSoft
16 12 (0.68%) Micro Focus
16 12 (0.68%) Sybase