Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 9 18
Rank change year-on-year 0 +9 +6
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 19,942 8,885 14,334
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.46% 15.96% 10.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 16.38% 17.18% 11.53%
Number of salaries quoted 13,455 7,553 11,128
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +11.57% -3.20% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £81,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £54,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +1.85% -1.82%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 17,622 £70,000 +12.00% 3,114
UK excluding London +1 9,583 £60,000 +9.09% 1,894
London -2 8,406 £80,000 +10.34% 1,400
Work from Home -4 5,094 £67,500 +17.39% 704
South East +2 2,837 £60,000 - 407
North of England +3 2,735 £60,000 +14.29% 578
Midlands +2 1,388 £60,000 +14.29% 311
North West +4 1,360 £60,000 +9.09% 317
Yorkshire +2 1,239 £57,500 +4.55% 171
South West -2 1,164 £52,500 - 217
West Midlands 0 984 £62,500 +13.64% 209
Scotland -1 645 £60,000 +20.00% 162
East of England -2 556 £61,000 +1.67% 167
East Midlands +1 384 £52,500 +5.00% 99
Wales -5 258 £47,390 -0.23% 39
North East -9 149 £60,000 +20.00% 90
Northern Ireland -12 57 £75,000 +50.00% 13
Channel Islands - 1 £62,500 -
Isle of Man - 1 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 10,566 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
2 10,110 (50.70%) Azure
3 8,296 (41.60%) AWS
4 5,986 (30.02%) Docker
5 5,958 (29.88%) Kubernetes
6 5,524 (27.70%) Python
7 5,412 (27.14%) Terraform
8 4,887 (24.51%) Java
9 4,234 (21.23%) JavaScript
10 4,218 (21.15%) C#
11 4,172 (20.92%) Software Engineering
12 4,076 (20.44%) Microservices
13 3,926 (19.69%) Finance
14 3,791 (19.01%) SQL
15 3,780 (18.95%) Social Skills
16 3,577 (17.94%) Jenkins
17 3,528 (17.69%) Linux
18 3,450 (17.30%) Git (software)
19 3,446 (17.28%) .NET
20 3,313 (16.61%) Microsoft
21 3,116 (15.63%) Scrum
22 3,109 (15.59%) Infrastructure as Code
23 3,096 (15.53%) React
24 3,024 (15.16%) Ansible
25 2,848 (14.28%) Test Automation
26 2,750 (13.79%) GCP
27 2,401 (12.04%) TDD
28 2,349 (11.78%) Problem-Solving
29 2,318 (11.62%) Serverless
30 2,263 (11.35%) Continuous Integration

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 623 (3.12%) Confluence
2 606 (3.04%) Apache Spark
3 499 (2.50%) Apache
4 471 (2.36%) Elasticsearch
5 366 (1.84%) CMS
6 352 (1.77%) IIS
7 321 (1.61%) SharePoint
8 186 (0.93%) nginx
9 175 (0.88%) Apache Airflow
10 156 (0.78%) Tomcat
11 151 (0.76%) Umbraco
12 147 (0.74%) GemFire
13 138 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
14 110 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
15 99 (0.50%) EPiServer
16 93 (0.47%) GeoServer
17 87 (0.44%) Kentico
18 83 (0.42%) WordPress
19 81 (0.41%) OpenStack
20 77 (0.39%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 170 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 126 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 59 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
5 43 (0.22%) Figma
6 38 (0.19%) Chatbot
6 38 (0.19%) Sketch
7 35 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
8 33 (0.17%) InVision
8 33 (0.17%) MS Visio
9 16 (0.080%) Campfire
10 11 (0.055%) Photoshop
11 7 (0.035%) Adobe Illustrator
12 6 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 5 (0.025%) Adobe XD
13 5 (0.025%) Fireworks
14 4 (0.020%) EngageOne
15 3 (0.015%) Simulink
15 3 (0.015%) Weka
16 2 (0.010%) Maple
Business Applications
1 124 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 81 (0.41%) Sentinel
3 57 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
4 45 (0.23%) Magento
4 45 (0.23%) NetSuite
5 37 (0.19%) Shopify
6 29 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 28 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 26 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
9 17 (0.085%) R3 Corda
10 13 (0.065%) Summit
11 12 (0.060%) SAP S/4HANA
12 11 (0.055%) Dynamics GP
12 11 (0.055%) Dynamics NAV
13 10 (0.050%) Primavera
13 10 (0.050%) Sage 200
14 8 (0.040%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
15 7 (0.035%) Remedy ITSM
16 6 (0.030%) Oracle EBS
17 5 (0.025%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 10,110 (50.70%) Azure
2 8,296 (41.60%) AWS
3 2,750 (13.79%) GCP
4 2,318 (11.62%) Serverless
5 1,784 (8.95%) SaaS
6 1,619 (8.12%) GitHub
7 1,409 (7.07%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1,265 (6.34%) PaaS
9 964 (4.83%) AWS Lambda
10 953 (4.78%) IaaS
11 877 (4.40%) Power Platform
12 792 (3.97%) OpenShift
13 614 (3.08%) Amazon S3
14 560 (2.81%) Microsoft 365
15 545 (2.73%) Cloud Computing
16 509 (2.55%) Amazon ECS
17 502 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
18 486 (2.44%) Amazon EKS
19 449 (2.25%) Azure Data Factory
20 403 (2.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 522 (2.62%) Firewall
2 368 (1.85%) DNS
3 365 (1.83%) HTTP
4 254 (1.27%) Network Security
5 250 (1.25%) VPN
6 232 (1.16%) TCP/IP
7 176 (0.88%) Internet
8 117 (0.59%) Kerberos
9 107 (0.54%) SSL
10 97 (0.49%) DHCP
11 94 (0.47%) Broadband
12 89 (0.45%) WAN
13 86 (0.43%) Cisco IPT
14 75 (0.38%) LAN
15 60 (0.30%) VLAN
16 54 (0.27%) Modbus
17 51 (0.26%) IPv6
18 43 (0.22%) IPv4
18 43 (0.22%) RS-422
18 43 (0.22%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,222 (11.14%) SQL Server
2 1,429 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
3 1,275 (6.39%) NoSQL
4 1,065 (5.34%) MySQL
5 1,008 (5.05%) MongoDB
6 943 (4.73%) Big Data
7 930 (4.66%) Relational Database
8 729 (3.66%) Power BI
9 627 (3.14%) Redis
10 624 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
11 511 (2.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 508 (2.55%) Data Lake
13 458 (2.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 414 (2.08%) Azure SQL Database
15 403 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
16 366 (1.84%) Hadoop
17 289 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
18 255 (1.28%) MariaDB
19 249 (1.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 219 (1.10%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 3,577 (17.94%) Jenkins
2 3,450 (17.30%) Git (software)
3 1,539 (7.72%) JIRA
4 772 (3.87%) Selenium
5 759 (3.81%) GitLab
6 700 (3.51%) TeamCity
7 635 (3.18%) Octopus Deploy
8 510 (2.56%) Visual Studio
9 469 (2.35%) Cucumber
10 456 (2.29%) Maven
11 454 (2.28%) Team Foundation Server
12 440 (2.21%) Cypress.io
13 394 (1.98%) Bitbucket
14 363 (1.82%) JUnit
15 348 (1.75%) SonarQube
16 337 (1.69%) Sonatype Nexus
17 324 (1.62%) Gradle
18 321 (1.61%) Artifactory
19 313 (1.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 283 (1.42%) Postman
General
1 3,926 (19.69%) Finance
2 3,780 (18.95%) Social Skills
3 1,163 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
4 1,082 (5.43%) Banking
5 763 (3.83%) Retail
6 607 (3.04%) Public Sector
7 578 (2.90%) Marketing
8 572 (2.87%) Law
9 567 (2.84%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 434 (2.18%) Games
11 300 (1.50%) Presentation Skills
12 280 (1.40%) Manufacturing
13 262 (1.31%) Telecoms
14 248 (1.24%) Legal
15 222 (1.11%) Advertising
16 186 (0.93%) Influencing Skills
17 179 (0.90%) Organisational Skills
18 170 (0.85%) Documentation Skills
19 157 (0.79%) Front Office
20 134 (0.67%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 4,878 (24.46%) Developer
2 4,072 (20.42%) DevOps Engineer
3 2,042 (10.24%) Software Engineer
4 1,577 (7.91%) Architect
5 1,112 (5.58%) Senior Developer
6 1,061 (5.32%) AWS Engineer
7 985 (4.94%) Cloud Engineer
8 935 (4.69%) Azure Engineer
9 910 (4.56%) .NET Developer
10 827 (4.15%) Senior DevOps
11 785 (3.94%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 781 (3.92%) AWS DevOps
13 743 (3.73%) Java Developer
14 719 (3.61%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 669 (3.35%) Senior Software Engineer
16 661 (3.31%) Software Developer
17 595 (2.98%) Full Stack Developer
18 594 (2.98%) C# Developer
19 574 (2.88%) Solutions Architect
20 543 (2.72%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,446 (17.28%) .NET
2 3,096 (15.53%) React
3 2,204 (11.05%) Node.js
4 1,800 (9.03%) AngularJS
5 1,644 (8.24%) CSS
6 1,420 (7.12%) HTML
7 1,419 (7.12%) Spring
8 1,398 (7.01%) Web Services
9 1,355 (6.79%) .NET Core
10 1,328 (6.66%) RESTful
11 1,250 (6.27%) REST
12 1,239 (6.21%) Kafka
13 976 (4.89%) Spring Boot
14 915 (4.59%) ASP.NET
15 877 (4.40%) .NET Framework
16 785 (3.94%) JSON
17 747 (3.75%) Vue.js
18 597 (2.99%) HTML5
19 587 (2.94%) RabbitMQ
20 489 (2.45%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 1,286 (6.45%) Cloud Native
2 1,088 (5.46%) Greenfield Project
3 1,085 (5.44%) User Experience
4 864 (4.33%) Public Cloud
5 660 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
6 576 (2.89%) Mobile App
7 490 (2.46%) Virtual Team
8 454 (2.28%) Algorithms
9 346 (1.74%) Management Information System
10 322 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
11 303 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
12 298 (1.49%) Data Structures
13 290 (1.45%) Data Centre
14 249 (1.25%) Hybrid Cloud
15 221 (1.11%) Private Cloud
16 210 (1.05%) Hedge funds
17 186 (0.93%) Data Protection Act
18 153 (0.77%) Derivative
19 151 (0.76%) Social Media
20 145 (0.73%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 3,528 (17.69%) Linux
2 1,909 (9.57%) Windows
3 742 (3.72%) Unix
4 536 (2.69%) Windows Server
5 334 (1.67%) Android
6 303 (1.52%) Apple iOS
7 259 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 223 (1.12%) CentOS
9 217 (1.09%) Ubuntu
10 115 (0.58%) VMS
11 86 (0.43%) Mac OS
12 83 (0.42%) Debian
13 73 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
14 71 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
15 55 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
16 46 (0.23%) Mesosphere
17 44 (0.22%) Windows 10
18 21 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
19 20 (0.10%) SUSE
19 20 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,566 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
2 4,172 (20.92%) Software Engineering
3 4,076 (20.44%) Microservices
4 3,116 (15.63%) Scrum
5 3,109 (15.59%) Infrastructure as Code
6 2,848 (14.28%) Test Automation
7 2,401 (12.04%) TDD
8 2,349 (11.78%) Problem-Solving
9 2,263 (11.35%) Continuous Integration
10 2,156 (10.81%) Full Stack Development
11 2,128 (10.67%) Mentoring
12 1,950 (9.78%) Analytics
13 1,553 (7.79%) SDLC
14 1,513 (7.59%) Computer Science
15 1,387 (6.96%) Configuration Management
16 1,354 (6.79%) Continuous Improvement
17 1,214 (6.09%) Open Source
18 1,210 (6.07%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 1,197 (6.00%) BDD
20 1,196 (6.00%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 5,524 (27.70%) Python
2 4,887 (24.51%) Java
3 4,234 (21.23%) JavaScript
4 4,218 (21.15%) C#
5 3,791 (19.01%) SQL
6 2,124 (10.65%) PowerShell
7 1,753 (8.79%) Bash Shell
8 1,563 (7.84%) Go
9 1,422 (7.13%) TypeScript
10 977 (4.90%) Ruby
11 805 (4.04%) Scala
12 788 (3.95%) PHP
13 668 (3.35%) C++
14 580 (2.91%) C
15 543 (2.72%) Shell Script
16 472 (2.37%) Kotlin
17 465 (2.33%) T-SQL
18 427 (2.14%) Groovy
19 345 (1.73%) Perl
20 330 (1.65%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,087 (10.47%) Degree
2 1,109 (5.56%) Security Cleared
3 809 (4.06%) SC Cleared
4 551 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 343 (1.72%) AWS Certification
6 275 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
7 186 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
8 163 (0.82%) CISSP
8 163 (0.82%) Oracle Certification
9 162 (0.81%) OCP
10 145 (0.73%) ISEB
11 142 (0.71%) ISTQB
12 127 (0.64%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 119 (0.60%) Master's Degree
14 99 (0.50%) HND
15 83 (0.42%) DV Cleared
16 80 (0.40%) SANS
17 59 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 53 (0.27%) GCFE
18 53 (0.27%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,475 (7.40%) QA
2 306 (1.53%) Accessibility
3 262 (1.31%) GDPR
4 213 (1.07%) SLA
5 207 (1.04%) Data Quality
6 187 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 86 (0.43%) PCI DSS
8 77 (0.39%) NIST
9 73 (0.37%) GRC
10 54 (0.27%) PMO
11 47 (0.24%) WCAG
12 40 (0.20%) IASME
13 34 (0.17%) GxP
14 26 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 21 (0.11%) COBIT
15 21 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 18 (0.090%) Cyber Essentials
17 16 (0.080%) SOC 2
18 15 (0.075%) ISO 9001
19 11 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 5,986 (30.02%) Docker
2 643 (3.22%) Active Directory
3 512 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 221 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
5 160 (0.80%) HDFS
6 74 (0.37%) vSphere
7 73 (0.37%) Hyper-V
8 55 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
9 36 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 34 (0.17%) KVM
11 32 (0.16%) Varnish
12 29 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
13 24 (0.12%) XenApp
14 20 (0.10%) Firmware
15 19 (0.095%) Virtual Desktop
16 16 (0.080%) VMware NSX
17 14 (0.070%) NFS
18 13 (0.065%) XenDesktop
19 11 (0.055%) Microsoft App-V
20 10 (0.050%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 5,958 (29.88%) Kubernetes
2 5,412 (27.14%) Terraform
3 3,024 (15.16%) Ansible
4 1,452 (7.28%) Puppet
5 1,167 (5.85%) Opscode Chef
6 526 (2.64%) Grafana
7 515 (2.58%) Prometheus
8 184 (0.92%) Packer
9 144 (0.72%) Kibana
10 132 (0.66%) Istio
11 118 (0.59%) SCCM
12 104 (0.52%) Rancher
13 99 (0.50%) Nagios
14 98 (0.49%) Consul
15 97 (0.49%) logstash
16 81 (0.41%) HAProxy
17 77 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
18 74 (0.37%) ZABBIX
19 72 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
20 62 (0.31%) Salt
Vendors
1 3,313 (16.61%) Microsoft
2 1,232 (6.18%) Google
3 978 (4.90%) Oracle
4 741 (3.72%) VMware
5 422 (2.12%) Databricks
5 422 (2.12%) Red Hat
6 356 (1.79%) Splunk
7 221 (1.11%) SAP
8 210 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
9 208 (1.04%) New Relic
10 189 (0.95%) Okta
11 185 (0.93%) SaltStack
12 172 (0.86%) Cognizant
13 165 (0.83%) Sitecore
14 159 (0.80%) ServiceNow
15 153 (0.77%) Atlassian
16 151 (0.76%) IBM
17 141 (0.71%) Citrix
18 139 (0.70%) Cisco
19 98 (0.49%) Apple