Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 15 22
Rank change year-on-year +5 +7 +7
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 14,733 10,042 14,477
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.59% 11.98% 10.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 15.67% 12.98% 10.91%
Number of salaries quoted 11,156 7,961 11,155
10th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £47,750 £47,750 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £82,500 £82,500 £80,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £96,250 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,400
% change year-on-year - +3.00% +1.71%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 94,023 77,381 132,645
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.12% 92.34% 92.33%
Number of salaries quoted 66,030 62,195 105,225
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 13,230 £65,000 - 2,690
UK excluding London +8 7,458 £55,000 - 1,683
London 0 6,176 £75,000 - 1,193
Work from Home +5 3,433 £62,500 +8.70% 632
South East +10 2,106 £60,000 +4.35% 350
North of England +2 2,104 £54,500 +3.81% 514
South West +11 1,212 £51,500 +3.00% 186
North West +3 1,038 £54,653 -0.63% 285
Midlands +1 935 £57,500 +4.55% 246
Yorkshire -1 867 £55,000 +4.76% 183
West Midlands +1 668 £60,000 +9.09% 162
Scotland +7 541 £53,500 +1.90% 138
East of England +2 346 £60,000 +4.35% 183
East Midlands +1 256 £50,000 - 84
Wales +4 219 £45,000 -7.22% 53
North East +13 208 £50,000 +25.00% 46
Northern Ireland -12 32 £47,000 +4.44% 14
Isle of Man -10 3 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 7,538 (51.16%) Agile Software Development
2 7,501 (50.91%) Azure
3 6,256 (42.46%) AWS
4 4,783 (32.46%) Docker
5 4,648 (31.55%) Kubernetes
6 4,147 (28.15%) Terraform
7 3,894 (26.43%) Python
8 3,311 (22.47%) JavaScript
9 3,257 (22.11%) Linux
10 3,253 (22.08%) C#
11 3,149 (21.37%) Java
12 3,055 (20.74%) SQL
13 3,047 (20.68%) Microservices
14 2,856 (19.39%) .NET
15 2,834 (19.24%) Finance
16 2,821 (19.15%) Software Engineering
17 2,648 (17.97%) Jenkins
18 2,564 (17.40%) Git (software)
19 2,502 (16.98%) Ansible
20 2,488 (16.89%) Social Skills
21 2,437 (16.54%) Infrastructure as Code
22 2,338 (15.87%) Scrum
23 2,332 (15.83%) Microsoft
24 2,047 (13.89%) Test Automation
25 2,038 (13.83%) Continuous Integration
26 2,017 (13.69%) GCP
27 1,822 (12.37%) TDD
28 1,764 (11.97%) SQL Server
29 1,743 (11.83%) React
30 1,722 (11.69%) PowerShell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 523 (3.55%) Confluence
2 446 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
3 379 (2.57%) Apache Spark
4 344 (2.33%) Apache
5 294 (2.00%) CMS
6 283 (1.92%) SharePoint
7 247 (1.68%) IIS
8 133 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
9 125 (0.85%) Umbraco
10 120 (0.81%) nginx
11 101 (0.69%) GemFire
12 97 (0.66%) OpenStack
13 92 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
14 86 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
15 85 (0.58%) EPiServer
16 81 (0.55%) WordPress
17 73 (0.50%) Tomcat
18 50 (0.34%) Kentico
19 43 (0.29%) Drupal
20 36 (0.24%) JBoss
Applications
1 112 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
2 69 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 45 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
4 35 (0.24%) Sketch
5 25 (0.17%) InVision
6 22 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 22 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 22 (0.15%) MS Visio
7 14 (0.095%) Campfire
7 14 (0.095%) Figma
8 11 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.041%) Adobe XD
9 6 (0.041%) Revit
10 5 (0.034%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.034%) AutoCAD
10 5 (0.034%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.027%) Fireworks
12 3 (0.020%) Simulink
12 3 (0.020%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 150 (1.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 66 (0.45%) Magento
3 34 (0.23%) NetSuite
4 33 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 32 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
6 30 (0.20%) Sentinel
7 26 (0.18%) R3 Corda
8 25 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
9 18 (0.12%) Shopify
10 12 (0.081%) Dynamics NAV
11 11 (0.075%) nopCommerce
11 11 (0.075%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 7 (0.048%) SAP Business One
12 7 (0.048%) SAP S/4HANA
13 6 (0.041%) Remedy ITSM
13 6 (0.041%) Summit
14 5 (0.034%) Loan IQ
14 5 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
15 4 (0.027%) Elite 3E
15 4 (0.027%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 7,501 (50.91%) Azure
2 6,256 (42.46%) AWS
3 2,017 (13.69%) GCP
4 1,395 (9.47%) Serverless
5 1,297 (8.80%) SaaS
6 1,101 (7.47%) PaaS
7 950 (6.45%) AWS CloudFormation
8 832 (5.65%) IaaS
9 732 (4.97%) GitHub
10 628 (4.26%) AWS Lambda
11 469 (3.18%) Power Platform
12 444 (3.01%) Azure Active Directory
13 441 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
14 408 (2.77%) Amazon ECS
15 370 (2.51%) Amazon EKS
16 369 (2.50%) Amazon S3
17 357 (2.42%) OpenShift
18 343 (2.33%) Microsoft 365
19 290 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
20 283 (1.92%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 569 (3.86%) Firewall
2 230 (1.56%) VPN
3 209 (1.42%) DNS
4 202 (1.37%) HTTP
5 192 (1.30%) TCP/IP
6 180 (1.22%) Internet
7 178 (1.21%) Network Security
8 115 (0.78%) VLAN
9 104 (0.71%) WAN
10 102 (0.69%) IPv4
11 89 (0.60%) OSPF
12 85 (0.58%) LAN
13 70 (0.48%) SAN
14 65 (0.44%) DHCP
15 63 (0.43%) SSL
16 41 (0.28%) Broadband
17 33 (0.22%) Cisco Nexus
17 33 (0.22%) Modbus
18 32 (0.22%) RS-422
19 31 (0.21%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,764 (11.97%) SQL Server
2 1,010 (6.86%) PostgreSQL
3 972 (6.60%) NoSQL
4 810 (5.50%) MySQL
5 760 (5.16%) MongoDB
6 752 (5.10%) Big Data
7 612 (4.15%) Relational Database
8 447 (3.03%) Redis
9 405 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
10 403 (2.74%) Azure SQL Database
11 360 (2.44%) Power BI
12 323 (2.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 318 (2.16%) Amazon RDS
14 262 (1.78%) Hadoop
15 253 (1.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 249 (1.69%) MariaDB
17 244 (1.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 219 (1.49%) Data Lake
19 171 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
20 136 (0.92%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 2,648 (17.97%) Jenkins
2 2,564 (17.40%) Git (software)
3 1,139 (7.73%) JIRA
4 647 (4.39%) GitLab
5 533 (3.62%) Selenium
6 514 (3.49%) TeamCity
7 410 (2.78%) Octopus Deploy
8 393 (2.67%) Visual Studio
9 361 (2.45%) Cucumber
10 343 (2.33%) Maven
11 342 (2.32%) Team Foundation Server
12 324 (2.20%) Cypress.io
13 305 (2.07%) JUnit
14 295 (2.00%) Bitbucket
15 277 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 266 (1.81%) Gradle
17 258 (1.75%) Visual Studio Team System
18 240 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
19 227 (1.54%) Artifactory
20 219 (1.49%) Postman
General
1 2,834 (19.24%) Finance
2 2,488 (16.89%) Social Skills
3 793 (5.38%) Banking
4 680 (4.62%) Public Sector
5 669 (4.54%) Analytical Skills
6 513 (3.48%) Marketing
7 493 (3.35%) Retail
8 366 (2.48%) Law
9 309 (2.10%) Games
10 265 (1.80%) Presentation Skills
11 251 (1.70%) Manufacturing
12 244 (1.66%) Telecoms
13 216 (1.47%) Electronics
14 208 (1.41%) Legal
15 167 (1.13%) Advertising
16 157 (1.07%) Influencing Skills
17 146 (0.99%) Organisational Skills
18 103 (0.70%) Automotive
19 96 (0.65%) Investment Banking
20 92 (0.62%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 3,803 (25.81%) Developer
2 3,597 (24.41%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,230 (8.35%) Software Engineer
4 1,010 (6.86%) Senior Developer
5 991 (6.73%) Architect
6 956 (6.49%) AWS Engineer
7 905 (6.14%) Senior DevOps
8 903 (6.13%) Azure Engineer
9 851 (5.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 831 (5.64%) AWS DevOps
11 819 (5.56%) .NET Developer
12 731 (4.96%) Cloud Engineer
13 730 (4.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 618 (4.19%) Java Developer
15 594 (4.03%) C# Developer
16 565 (3.83%) Full Stack Developer
17 529 (3.59%) Software Developer
18 480 (3.26%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 466 (3.16%) Platform Engineer
20 364 (2.47%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,856 (19.39%) .NET
2 1,743 (11.83%) React
3 1,469 (9.97%) AngularJS
4 1,430 (9.71%) CSS
5 1,389 (9.43%) Node.js
6 1,223 (8.30%) HTML
7 1,207 (8.19%) .NET Core
8 1,131 (7.68%) Web Services
9 1,006 (6.83%) REST
10 919 (6.24%) Spring
11 913 (6.20%) Kafka
12 835 (5.67%) RESTful
13 827 (5.61%) .NET Framework
14 724 (4.91%) ASP.NET
15 566 (3.84%) Spring Boot
16 561 (3.81%) Vue.js
17 481 (3.26%) JSON
18 466 (3.16%) ASP.NET Web API
19 454 (3.08%) HTML5
20 430 (2.92%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 755 (5.12%) Greenfield Project
2 705 (4.79%) Cloud Native
3 695 (4.72%) User Experience
4 661 (4.49%) Public Cloud
5 405 (2.75%) Mobile App
6 387 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
7 340 (2.31%) Data Centre
8 329 (2.23%) Hybrid Cloud
9 325 (2.21%) Linux Command Line
10 229 (1.55%) Virtual Team
11 207 (1.41%) Management Information System
12 190 (1.29%) Algorithms
13 172 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
14 161 (1.09%) Private Cloud
15 154 (1.05%) Blog
16 120 (0.81%) NHS
17 118 (0.80%) Data Structures
18 109 (0.74%) N-Tier
19 95 (0.64%) Enterprise Cloud
20 94 (0.64%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 3,257 (22.11%) Linux
2 1,524 (10.34%) Windows
3 609 (4.13%) Unix
4 498 (3.38%) Windows Server
5 303 (2.06%) CentOS
6 291 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 255 (1.73%) Android
8 251 (1.70%) Ubuntu
9 184 (1.25%) Apple iOS
10 114 (0.77%) Windows Server 2016
11 100 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
12 62 (0.42%) VMS
13 61 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
14 56 (0.38%) Debian
15 41 (0.28%) Windows 10
16 25 (0.17%) Mac OS
16 25 (0.17%) SUSE
17 19 (0.13%) Mac OS X
18 18 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
19 16 (0.11%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,538 (51.16%) Agile Software Development
2 3,047 (20.68%) Microservices
3 2,821 (19.15%) Software Engineering
4 2,437 (16.54%) Infrastructure as Code
5 2,338 (15.87%) Scrum
6 2,047 (13.89%) Test Automation
7 2,038 (13.83%) Continuous Integration
8 1,822 (12.37%) TDD
9 1,547 (10.50%) Problem-Solving
10 1,527 (10.36%) Mentoring
11 1,169 (7.93%) Fintech
12 1,115 (7.57%) Configuration Management
13 1,058 (7.18%) Migration
14 1,054 (7.15%) Analytics
15 1,050 (7.13%) SDLC
16 965 (6.55%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 962 (6.53%) BDD
18 907 (6.16%) OO
19 898 (6.10%) Continuous Delivery
20 895 (6.07%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 3,894 (26.43%) Python
2 3,311 (22.47%) JavaScript
3 3,253 (22.08%) C#
4 3,149 (21.37%) Java
5 3,055 (20.74%) SQL
6 1,722 (11.69%) PowerShell
7 1,303 (8.84%) Bash Shell
8 1,062 (7.21%) TypeScript
9 907 (6.16%) Go
10 788 (5.35%) Ruby
11 656 (4.45%) PHP
12 486 (3.30%) C++
13 443 (3.01%) Scala
14 388 (2.63%) T-SQL
15 314 (2.13%) Groovy
16 302 (2.05%) Kotlin
17 294 (2.00%) C
18 284 (1.93%) Shell Script
19 239 (1.62%) ES6
20 210 (1.43%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 1,279 (8.68%) Degree
2 1,047 (7.11%) Security Cleared
3 781 (5.30%) SC Cleared
4 374 (2.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 260 (1.76%) AWS Certification
6 132 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
7 119 (0.81%) ISTQB
8 118 (0.80%) DV Cleared
9 96 (0.65%) ISEB
10 93 (0.63%) Oracle Certification
11 90 (0.61%) OCP
12 71 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
13 63 (0.43%) Master's Degree
14 58 (0.39%) CISSP
14 58 (0.39%) RHCE
15 52 (0.35%) GIAC
16 51 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 42 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
18 31 (0.21%) PhD
19 27 (0.18%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 881 (5.98%) QA
2 206 (1.40%) GDPR
3 194 (1.32%) SLA
4 140 (0.95%) Accessibility
5 121 (0.82%) Data Quality
5 121 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 78 (0.53%) PCI DSS
7 55 (0.37%) WCAG
8 51 (0.35%) NIST
9 46 (0.31%) GRC
10 42 (0.29%) PMO
11 23 (0.16%) ISO 9001
12 17 (0.12%) COBIT
13 15 (0.10%) WAI
14 14 (0.095%) Cyber Essentials
14 14 (0.095%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 11 (0.075%) HIPAA
16 9 (0.061%) SOC 2
17 8 (0.054%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 8 (0.054%) NCSC
System Software
1 4,783 (32.46%) Docker
2 582 (3.95%) Active Directory
3 510 (3.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 165 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
5 122 (0.83%) Hyper-V
6 100 (0.68%) HDFS
7 92 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
8 79 (0.54%) vSphere
9 33 (0.22%) Firmware
10 29 (0.20%) Xen
11 23 (0.16%) KVM
12 22 (0.15%) VMware NSX
13 21 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 20 (0.14%) LXC
15 18 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
16 16 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
17 13 (0.088%) Apache Flume
18 12 (0.081%) NFS
19 11 (0.075%) BitLocker
20 10 (0.068%) iptables
Systems Management
1 4,648 (31.55%) Kubernetes
2 4,147 (28.15%) Terraform
3 2,502 (16.98%) Ansible
4 1,342 (9.11%) Puppet
5 1,051 (7.13%) Opscode Chef
6 474 (3.22%) Prometheus
7 459 (3.12%) Grafana
8 196 (1.33%) Packer
9 166 (1.13%) Istio
10 152 (1.03%) SCCM
11 130 (0.88%) Nagios
12 108 (0.73%) Consul
13 97 (0.66%) Salt
14 94 (0.64%) ZABBIX
15 89 (0.60%) Rancher
16 87 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
17 83 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
18 65 (0.44%) Graphite
19 60 (0.41%) SCOM
20 56 (0.38%) Kibana
Vendors
1 2,332 (15.83%) Microsoft
2 995 (6.75%) Google
3 768 (5.21%) Oracle
4 712 (4.83%) VMware
5 346 (2.35%) Red Hat
6 251 (1.70%) SAP
7 224 (1.52%) Splunk
8 174 (1.18%) Cisco
9 167 (1.13%) Databricks
10 162 (1.10%) Salesforce.com
11 158 (1.07%) Atlassian
12 148 (1.00%) SaltStack
13 143 (0.97%) IBM
14 122 (0.83%) Okta
15 114 (0.77%) New Relic
16 111 (0.75%) Sitecore
17 102 (0.69%) EnterpriseDB
18 98 (0.67%) ServiceNow
19 73 (0.50%) Nintex
20 64 (0.43%) Adobe