Period
to 23 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 23 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 17 23
Rank change year-on-year +9 +6 +10
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 10,157 13,442 13,206
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.90% 10.69% 8.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.22% 11.60% 9.43%
Number of salaries quoted 10,404 11,253 11,035
Median annual salary £61,500 £62,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -1.60% - -
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £94,600
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -1.82% - +4.76%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 58,983 115,832 140,046
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.36% 92.10% 92.25%
Number of salaries quoted 47,558 92,842 111,829
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.52% +2.22% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 9,184 £62,500 -3.85% 2,021
UK excluding London +12 5,251 £54,000 -1.82% 1,289
London +3 4,402 £72,500 - 873
Work from Home +11 2,137 £60,000 -4.00% 433
North of England +7 1,447 £52,500 - 415
South East +10 1,334 £60,000 +4.35% 251
South West +17 807 £50,750 +1.50% 149
Midlands +12 710 £55,000 - 194
North West +8 691 £54,000 +2.86% 243
Yorkshire +6 616 £52,500 -4.55% 134
West Midlands +12 531 £55,000 - 122
Scotland +12 464 £47,500 -5.00% 101
East of England +13 317 £60,000 +4.35% 121
Wales +11 181 £47,500 -5.00% 42
East Midlands +18 175 £52,500 +10.53% 70
North East +23 140 £50,000 +25.00% 38
Northern Ireland -4 24 £45,000 -0.55% 17

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 4,958 (48.81%) Agile Software Development
2 4,787 (47.13%) Azure
3 4,039 (39.77%) AWS
4 3,129 (30.81%) Docker
5 2,902 (28.57%) Kubernetes
6 2,759 (27.16%) Python
7 2,670 (26.29%) Terraform
8 2,321 (22.85%) SQL
9 2,320 (22.84%) C#
10 2,203 (21.69%) JavaScript
11 2,187 (21.53%) Linux
12 2,115 (20.82%) Java
13 2,074 (20.42%) .NET
14 2,044 (20.12%) Microservices
15 1,781 (17.53%) Jenkins
16 1,771 (17.44%) Finance
17 1,768 (17.41%) Ansible
18 1,680 (16.54%) Microsoft
19 1,673 (16.47%) Git (software)
20 1,612 (15.87%) Scrum
21 1,568 (15.44%) Continuous Integration
22 1,498 (14.75%) Test Automation
23 1,474 (14.51%) Software Engineering
24 1,403 (13.81%) Infrastructure as Code
25 1,386 (13.65%) SQL Server
26 1,283 (12.63%) TDD
27 1,259 (12.40%) GCP
28 1,154 (11.36%) Windows
29 1,112 (10.95%) Puppet
30 1,043 (10.27%) PowerShell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 339 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
2 288 (2.84%) Confluence
3 282 (2.78%) Apache
4 256 (2.52%) SharePoint
5 202 (1.99%) Apache Spark
6 182 (1.79%) IIS
7 141 (1.39%) CMS
8 78 (0.77%) OpenStack
9 72 (0.71%) NServiceBus
10 69 (0.68%) Umbraco
11 67 (0.66%) Tomcat
12 60 (0.59%) nginx
12 60 (0.59%) WordPress
13 58 (0.57%) JBoss
14 51 (0.50%) WebSphere
15 50 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
16 46 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
17 43 (0.42%) EPiServer
18 41 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
19 28 (0.28%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 73 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
2 60 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 34 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
4 24 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 22 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 21 (0.21%) InVision
6 21 (0.21%) Sketch
7 12 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 11 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
9 10 (0.098%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.049%) Figma
11 2 (0.020%) Adobe XD
11 2 (0.020%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.010%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.010%) InDesign
12 1 (0.010%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 89 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.27%) Magento
3 20 (0.20%) Loan IQ
3 20 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
4 19 (0.19%) R3 Corda
4 19 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 15 (0.15%) NetSuite
6 14 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
6 14 (0.14%) nopCommerce
7 12 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 12 (0.12%) Sentinel
8 10 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
9 9 (0.089%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.049%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.039%) Distributed Ledger
11 4 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
11 4 (0.039%) SAP S/4HANA
12 3 (0.030%) SAP ERP
12 3 (0.030%) SAP IS-U
12 3 (0.030%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 4,787 (47.13%) Azure
2 4,039 (39.77%) AWS
3 1,259 (12.40%) GCP
4 850 (8.37%) Serverless
5 805 (7.93%) SaaS
6 709 (6.98%) PaaS
7 579 (5.70%) AWS CloudFormation
8 504 (4.96%) IaaS
9 497 (4.89%) AWS Lambda
10 456 (4.49%) GitHub
11 318 (3.13%) Azure Active Directory
12 300 (2.95%) Amazon EKS
13 286 (2.82%) Power Platform
14 279 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
15 259 (2.55%) Amazon ECS
16 249 (2.45%) Office 365
17 222 (2.19%) Amazon S3
18 209 (2.06%) OpenShift
19 182 (1.79%) Azure Functions
20 178 (1.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 368 (3.62%) Firewall
2 173 (1.70%) VPN
3 169 (1.66%) DNS
4 159 (1.57%) HTTP
5 147 (1.45%) Network Security
6 141 (1.39%) TCP/IP
7 112 (1.10%) Internet
8 92 (0.91%) WAN
9 79 (0.78%) LAN
10 74 (0.73%) Skype
11 54 (0.53%) DHCP
12 49 (0.48%) OSPF
13 48 (0.47%) SAN
13 48 (0.47%) VLAN
14 43 (0.42%) IPv4
15 41 (0.40%) VoIP
16 32 (0.32%) Wireless
17 30 (0.30%) SSL
18 29 (0.29%) SSH
19 27 (0.27%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,386 (13.65%) SQL Server
2 618 (6.08%) NoSQL
3 592 (5.83%) PostgreSQL
4 578 (5.69%) MongoDB
5 543 (5.35%) MySQL
6 442 (4.35%) Big Data
7 374 (3.68%) Relational Database
8 325 (3.20%) Azure SQL Database
9 318 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
10 208 (2.05%) Redis
11 193 (1.90%) Power BI
12 186 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
13 172 (1.69%) Data Lake
14 156 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 152 (1.50%) Cosmos DB
16 149 (1.47%) Hadoop
17 140 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 134 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 118 (1.16%) Amazon Redshift
20 87 (0.86%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,781 (17.53%) Jenkins
2 1,673 (16.47%) Git (software)
3 658 (6.48%) JIRA
4 502 (4.94%) Selenium
5 429 (4.22%) GitLab
6 378 (3.72%) TeamCity
7 325 (3.20%) Team Foundation Server
8 313 (3.08%) Octopus Deploy
9 264 (2.60%) Bitbucket
10 247 (2.43%) Visual Studio
11 228 (2.24%) Cucumber
12 222 (2.19%) Visual Studio Team System
13 195 (1.92%) Maven
14 181 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 149 (1.47%) Artifactory
16 128 (1.26%) Subversion
17 126 (1.24%) Postman
18 116 (1.14%) Gradle
19 111 (1.09%) Sonatype Nexus
20 110 (1.08%) SonarQube
General
1 1,771 (17.44%) Finance
2 483 (4.76%) Public Sector
3 482 (4.75%) Banking
4 309 (3.04%) Games
5 290 (2.86%) Marketing
6 254 (2.50%) Retail
7 172 (1.69%) Law
8 127 (1.25%) Telecoms
9 119 (1.17%) Manufacturing
10 101 (0.99%) Legal
11 91 (0.90%) Back Office
12 87 (0.86%) Electronics
12 87 (0.86%) Publishing
13 66 (0.65%) Advertising
14 63 (0.62%) Front Office
15 53 (0.52%) Automotive
16 52 (0.51%) Investment Banking
17 34 (0.33%) Local Government
18 28 (0.28%) Aerospace
18 28 (0.28%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,997 (29.51%) Developer
2 2,765 (27.22%) DevOps Engineer
3 897 (8.83%) AWS Engineer
4 808 (7.96%) AWS DevOps
5 767 (7.55%) Senior Developer
6 711 (7.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 678 (6.68%) Azure Engineer
8 654 (6.44%) .NET Developer
9 648 (6.38%) Senior DevOps
10 646 (6.36%) Architect
11 586 (5.77%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 507 (4.99%) Software Engineer
13 490 (4.82%) Java Developer
14 489 (4.81%) C# Developer
15 444 (4.37%) Cloud Engineer
16 424 (4.17%) Software Developer
17 423 (4.16%) Full Stack Developer
18 376 (3.70%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 361 (3.55%) Platform Engineer
20 322 (3.17%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,074 (20.42%) .NET
2 980 (9.65%) CSS
3 963 (9.48%) React
4 941 (9.26%) AngularJS
5 940 (9.25%) HTML
6 918 (9.04%) .NET Core
7 832 (8.19%) Node.js
8 814 (8.01%) Web Services
9 646 (6.36%) .NET Framework
10 642 (6.32%) REST
11 623 (6.13%) ASP.NET
12 558 (5.49%) RESTful
13 515 (5.07%) Spring
14 494 (4.86%) Kafka
15 407 (4.01%) ASP.NET Web API
16 401 (3.95%) Spring Boot
17 397 (3.91%) jQuery
18 363 (3.57%) JSON
19 340 (3.35%) HTML5
20 322 (3.17%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 608 (5.99%) Greenfield Project
2 425 (4.18%) Cloud Native
3 399 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
4 368 (3.62%) Public Cloud
5 304 (2.99%) User Experience
6 251 (2.47%) Mobile App
7 218 (2.15%) Data Centre
8 175 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
9 156 (1.54%) Management Information System
10 142 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
11 140 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
12 111 (1.09%) N-Tier
13 107 (1.05%) Hedge funds
14 102 (1.00%) Virtual Team
15 91 (0.90%) Hybrid Cloud
16 79 (0.78%) Algorithms
16 79 (0.78%) Private Cloud
17 66 (0.65%) Enterprise Cloud
18 54 (0.53%) Data Structures
19 48 (0.47%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 2,187 (21.53%) Linux
2 1,154 (11.36%) Windows
3 404 (3.98%) Windows Server
4 376 (3.70%) Unix
5 238 (2.34%) CentOS
6 234 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 127 (1.25%) Ubuntu
8 113 (1.11%) Android
9 97 (0.96%) Apple iOS
10 82 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
11 71 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
12 49 (0.48%) Debian
13 39 (0.38%) Windows Server 2019
14 27 (0.27%) VMS
15 19 (0.19%) Mac OS X
16 17 (0.17%) CoreOS
17 15 (0.15%) zOS
18 14 (0.14%) Windows 10
19 12 (0.12%) Mac OS
20 10 (0.098%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,958 (48.81%) Agile Software Development
2 2,044 (20.12%) Microservices
3 1,612 (15.87%) Scrum
4 1,568 (15.44%) Continuous Integration
5 1,498 (14.75%) Test Automation
6 1,474 (14.51%) Software Engineering
7 1,403 (13.81%) Infrastructure as Code
8 1,283 (12.63%) TDD
9 973 (9.58%) Problem-Solving
10 876 (8.62%) Configuration Management
11 831 (8.18%) Fintech
12 829 (8.16%) Mentoring
13 689 (6.78%) Migration
14 666 (6.56%) Analytics
15 649 (6.39%) BDD
16 638 (6.28%) MVC
17 624 (6.14%) Deployment Automation
18 593 (5.84%) SDLC
19 580 (5.71%) Continuous Improvement
20 531 (5.23%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,759 (27.16%) Python
2 2,321 (22.85%) SQL
3 2,320 (22.84%) C#
4 2,203 (21.69%) JavaScript
5 2,115 (20.82%) Java
6 1,043 (10.27%) PowerShell
7 739 (7.28%) Bash Shell
8 642 (6.32%) Go
9 523 (5.15%) Ruby
10 472 (4.65%) TypeScript
11 396 (3.90%) PHP
12 343 (3.38%) T-SQL
13 336 (3.31%) C++
14 275 (2.71%) Scala
15 196 (1.93%) Kotlin
16 172 (1.69%) Perl
17 143 (1.41%) Java 8
18 137 (1.35%) C
19 135 (1.33%) Shell Script
20 118 (1.16%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 734 (7.23%) Degree
2 653 (6.43%) Security Cleared
3 528 (5.20%) SC Cleared
4 178 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 173 (1.70%) AWS Certification
6 112 (1.10%) ISTQB
6 112 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
7 90 (0.89%) Cisco Certification
8 74 (0.73%) ISEB
9 63 (0.62%) CISSP
10 61 (0.60%) DV Cleared
11 50 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
12 48 (0.47%) CCNA
13 44 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 44 (0.43%) PhD
14 30 (0.30%) Master's Degree
15 28 (0.28%) CCNP
15 28 (0.28%) RHCE
16 23 (0.23%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 23 (0.23%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 617 (6.07%) QA
2 107 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 95 (0.94%) SLA
4 78 (0.77%) GDPR
5 70 (0.69%) NIST
6 52 (0.51%) Data Quality
7 38 (0.37%) PCI DSS
8 29 (0.29%) EMIR
9 27 (0.27%) Dodd-Frank
9 27 (0.27%) MiFID
10 26 (0.26%) PMO
11 15 (0.15%) WCAG
12 14 (0.14%) COBIT
12 14 (0.14%) WAI
13 13 (0.13%) ISO 9001
13 13 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 12 (0.12%) HIPAA
15 10 (0.098%) NCSC
16 9 (0.089%) ISO 22301
17 4 (0.039%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 3,129 (30.81%) Docker
2 399 (3.93%) Active Directory
3 300 (2.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 122 (1.20%) Hyper-V
5 77 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
6 69 (0.68%) vSphere
7 30 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
8 26 (0.26%) XenApp
9 19 (0.19%) Xen
10 18 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
11 17 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 15 (0.15%) Firmware
12 15 (0.15%) XenDesktop
13 12 (0.12%) HDFS
14 11 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
14 11 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 9 (0.089%) KVM
16 8 (0.079%) Postfix
17 7 (0.069%) Microcode
18 6 (0.059%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 2,902 (28.57%) Kubernetes
2 2,670 (26.29%) Terraform
3 1,768 (17.41%) Ansible
4 1,112 (10.95%) Puppet
5 845 (8.32%) Opscode Chef
6 302 (2.97%) Grafana
7 286 (2.82%) Prometheus
8 99 (0.97%) Packer
9 92 (0.91%) Nagios
10 79 (0.78%) Istio
11 73 (0.72%) Microsoft Intune
12 63 (0.62%) SCCM
12 63 (0.62%) ZABBIX
13 61 (0.60%) Graphite
14 51 (0.50%) Rancher
14 51 (0.50%) Salt
15 45 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
15 45 (0.44%) Kibana
16 40 (0.39%) Consul
17 30 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,680 (16.54%) Microsoft
2 648 (6.38%) Google
3 560 (5.51%) Oracle
4 446 (4.39%) VMware
5 259 (2.55%) Red Hat
6 173 (1.70%) Splunk
7 169 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
8 153 (1.51%) Cisco
9 149 (1.47%) SAP
10 132 (1.30%) Atlassian
11 125 (1.23%) EnterpriseDB
11 125 (1.23%) IBM
12 107 (1.05%) Databricks
13 100 (0.98%) SaltStack
14 99 (0.97%) New Relic
15 86 (0.85%) ServiceNow
16 62 (0.61%) Sitecore
17 56 (0.55%) Nintex
18 54 (0.53%) SolarWinds
19 51 (0.50%) Dynatrace