Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 14 22
Rank change year-on-year +5 +8 +6
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 12,665 12,427 13,830
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.03% 11.44% 9.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 16.25% 12.41% 10.09%
Number of salaries quoted 10,326 9,771 10,698
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £63,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year -1.57% +1.60% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £96,250 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,742
% change year-on-year - +2.34% +1.69%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,918 100,125 137,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.49% 92.21% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,778 80,427 108,739
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 11,352 £65,000 - 2,530
UK excluding London +11 6,421 £55,000 - 1,581
London +1 5,391 £75,000 - 1,091
Work from Home +7 2,982 £60,000 +4.35% 610
North of England +4 1,813 £54,000 +2.86% 478
South East +12 1,637 £59,000 +2.61% 350
South West +15 1,036 £52,000 +4.00% 209
Midlands +4 849 £55,000 - 227
North West +5 834 £53,750 -2.27% 267
Yorkshire +3 794 £55,000 +4.76% 155
West Midlands +5 618 £58,000 +5.45% 162
Scotland +11 547 £50,000 - 98
East of England +11 352 £60,000 +4.35% 159
East Midlands +5 219 £50,000 +1.01% 64
Wales +7 190 £47,500 -5.00% 51
North East +18 188 £50,000 +25.00% 56
Northern Ireland 0 36 £42,250 -6.11% 12
Isle of Man -9 2 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 6,410 (50.61%) Agile Software Development
2 6,266 (49.47%) Azure
3 5,271 (41.62%) AWS
4 4,123 (32.55%) Docker
5 3,931 (31.04%) Kubernetes
6 3,452 (27.26%) Terraform
7 3,356 (26.50%) Python
8 2,885 (22.78%) C#
9 2,861 (22.59%) JavaScript
10 2,784 (21.98%) Linux
11 2,767 (21.85%) SQL
12 2,670 (21.08%) Java
13 2,502 (19.76%) .NET
14 2,476 (19.55%) Microservices
15 2,278 (17.99%) Jenkins
16 2,255 (17.80%) Finance
17 2,199 (17.36%) Ansible
18 2,130 (16.82%) Software Engineering
19 2,120 (16.74%) Git (software)
20 2,093 (16.53%) Microsoft
21 2,013 (15.89%) Scrum
21 2,013 (15.89%) Infrastructure as Code
22 1,978 (15.62%) Continuous Integration
23 1,793 (14.16%) Test Automation
24 1,666 (13.15%) GCP
25 1,655 (13.07%) SQL Server
26 1,591 (12.56%) TDD
27 1,411 (11.14%) Windows
28 1,398 (11.04%) PowerShell
29 1,305 (10.30%) React

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 411 (3.25%) Confluence
2 360 (2.84%) Elasticsearch
3 276 (2.18%) Apache
3 276 (2.18%) SharePoint
4 230 (1.82%) Apache Spark
5 227 (1.79%) CMS
6 224 (1.77%) IIS
7 106 (0.84%) Umbraco
8 105 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
9 102 (0.81%) OpenStack
10 86 (0.68%) nginx
11 71 (0.56%) Sitecore CMS
11 71 (0.56%) WordPress
12 68 (0.54%) EPiServer
13 64 (0.51%) JBoss
14 59 (0.47%) Tomcat
15 56 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
16 45 (0.36%) Drupal
17 40 (0.32%) Kentico
18 33 (0.26%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 93 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 48 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
4 39 (0.31%) Sketch
5 30 (0.24%) InVision
6 22 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 20 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 20 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 14 (0.11%) Figma
9 13 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.047%) Revit
11 5 (0.039%) Adobe XD
11 5 (0.039%) AutoCAD
11 5 (0.039%) Photoshop
12 4 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
12 4 (0.032%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.016%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 142 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.36%) Magento
3 30 (0.24%) R3 Corda
4 26 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 25 (0.20%) NetSuite
6 21 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
7 18 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
8 17 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 16 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
9 16 (0.13%) Sentinel
10 14 (0.11%) nopCommerce
11 12 (0.095%) Loan IQ
12 9 (0.071%) SAP CRM
13 7 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
13 7 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
14 4 (0.032%) Elite 3E
14 4 (0.032%) Oracle BPM
14 4 (0.032%) Remedy ITSM
14 4 (0.032%) SAP ERP
15 3 (0.024%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 6,266 (49.47%) Azure
2 5,271 (41.62%) AWS
3 1,666 (13.15%) GCP
4 1,133 (8.95%) Serverless
5 1,052 (8.31%) SaaS
6 981 (7.75%) PaaS
7 767 (6.06%) AWS CloudFormation
8 681 (5.38%) IaaS
9 544 (4.30%) GitHub
10 523 (4.13%) AWS Lambda
11 443 (3.50%) Azure Active Directory
12 407 (3.21%) Power Platform
13 370 (2.92%) Amazon EKS
14 361 (2.85%) Amazon EC2
15 329 (2.60%) Amazon ECS
16 302 (2.38%) Microsoft 365
17 292 (2.31%) Amazon S3
18 272 (2.15%) Azure Service Bus
19 264 (2.08%) Azure Functions
19 264 (2.08%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 465 (3.67%) Firewall
2 176 (1.39%) DNS
2 176 (1.39%) VPN
3 154 (1.22%) Internet
4 152 (1.20%) HTTP
5 151 (1.19%) TCP/IP
6 136 (1.07%) Network Security
7 90 (0.71%) VLAN
8 77 (0.61%) WAN
9 72 (0.57%) IPv4
10 65 (0.51%) SAN
11 64 (0.51%) OSPF
12 56 (0.44%) LAN
13 54 (0.43%) DHCP
14 49 (0.39%) SSL
15 32 (0.25%) HTTPS
16 29 (0.23%) Cisco ASA
17 28 (0.22%) Skype
17 28 (0.22%) VoIP
18 25 (0.20%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,655 (13.07%) SQL Server
2 727 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
3 711 (5.61%) MySQL
4 676 (5.34%) NoSQL
5 642 (5.07%) MongoDB
6 568 (4.48%) Big Data
7 441 (3.48%) Relational Database
8 406 (3.21%) Azure SQL Database
9 356 (2.81%) Data Warehouse
10 293 (2.31%) Redis
11 289 (2.28%) Power BI
12 253 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
13 214 (1.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 198 (1.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 196 (1.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 189 (1.49%) Data Lake
17 183 (1.44%) Hadoop
18 124 (0.98%) MariaDB
19 103 (0.81%) Amazon Redshift
20 102 (0.81%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 2,278 (17.99%) Jenkins
2 2,120 (16.74%) Git (software)
3 884 (6.98%) JIRA
4 569 (4.49%) GitLab
5 544 (4.30%) Selenium
6 458 (3.62%) TeamCity
7 387 (3.06%) Octopus Deploy
8 368 (2.91%) Team Foundation Server
9 348 (2.75%) Visual Studio
10 326 (2.57%) Maven
11 302 (2.38%) Bitbucket
12 273 (2.16%) Cucumber
13 266 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
14 237 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 199 (1.57%) Postman
16 194 (1.53%) Artifactory
17 174 (1.37%) Cypress.io
18 167 (1.32%) JUnit
19 152 (1.20%) Gradle
20 149 (1.18%) SpecFlow
General
1 2,255 (17.80%) Finance
2 615 (4.86%) Public Sector
3 580 (4.58%) Banking
4 463 (3.66%) Marketing
5 387 (3.06%) Retail
6 314 (2.48%) Games
7 225 (1.78%) Law
8 187 (1.48%) Telecoms
9 181 (1.43%) Manufacturing
10 170 (1.34%) Electronics
11 141 (1.11%) Legal
12 88 (0.69%) Advertising
13 83 (0.66%) Automotive
14 81 (0.64%) Publishing
15 76 (0.60%) Investment Banking
16 68 (0.54%) Back Office
17 66 (0.52%) Local Government
18 58 (0.46%) Front Office
19 55 (0.43%) Billing
19 55 (0.43%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 3,485 (27.52%) Developer
2 3,311 (26.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 973 (7.68%) AWS Engineer
4 963 (7.60%) Senior Developer
5 842 (6.65%) Architect
5 842 (6.65%) AWS DevOps
6 838 (6.62%) Senior DevOps
7 832 (6.57%) Azure Engineer
8 831 (6.56%) Software Engineer
9 767 (6.06%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 753 (5.95%) .NET Developer
11 743 (5.87%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 635 (5.01%) Java Developer
13 617 (4.87%) Cloud Engineer
14 581 (4.59%) C# Developer
15 516 (4.07%) Software Developer
16 507 (4.00%) Full Stack Developer
17 473 (3.73%) Azure DevOps Engineer
18 431 (3.40%) Platform Engineer
19 359 (2.83%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,502 (19.76%) .NET
2 1,305 (10.30%) React
3 1,160 (9.16%) CSS
4 1,148 (9.06%) AngularJS
5 1,063 (8.39%) HTML
6 1,061 (8.38%) Node.js
7 1,056 (8.34%) .NET Core
8 1,004 (7.93%) Web Services
9 840 (6.63%) REST
10 745 (5.88%) .NET Framework
11 677 (5.35%) Kafka
12 671 (5.30%) ASP.NET
13 666 (5.26%) RESTful
14 657 (5.19%) Spring
15 505 (3.99%) Vue.js
16 490 (3.87%) Spring Boot
17 462 (3.65%) ASP.NET Web API
18 460 (3.63%) jQuery
19 356 (2.81%) HTML5
19 356 (2.81%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 724 (5.72%) Greenfield Project
2 551 (4.35%) Analytical Skills
3 535 (4.22%) Cloud Native
4 505 (3.99%) Public Cloud
5 428 (3.38%) User Experience
6 366 (2.89%) Mobile App
7 272 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
8 240 (1.89%) Data Centre
9 216 (1.71%) Hybrid Cloud
10 210 (1.66%) Linux Command Line
11 189 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
12 184 (1.45%) Management Information System
13 142 (1.12%) Organisational Skills
14 139 (1.10%) N-Tier
15 138 (1.09%) Virtual Team
16 121 (0.96%) Private Cloud
17 113 (0.89%) Algorithms
18 108 (0.85%) NHS
19 102 (0.81%) Blog
20 88 (0.69%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2,784 (21.98%) Linux
2 1,411 (11.14%) Windows
3 481 (3.80%) Windows Server
4 466 (3.68%) Unix
5 306 (2.42%) CentOS
6 294 (2.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 215 (1.70%) Ubuntu
8 194 (1.53%) Android
9 151 (1.19%) Apple iOS
10 104 (0.82%) Windows Server 2016
11 98 (0.77%) Windows Server 2012
12 58 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
13 45 (0.36%) Debian
14 39 (0.31%) VMS
15 31 (0.24%) Alpine Linux
16 22 (0.17%) Mac OS
17 21 (0.17%) Mac OS X
17 21 (0.17%) Windows 10
18 16 (0.13%) Solaris
19 14 (0.11%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,410 (50.61%) Agile Software Development
2 2,476 (19.55%) Microservices
3 2,130 (16.82%) Software Engineering
4 2,013 (15.89%) Infrastructure as Code
4 2,013 (15.89%) Scrum
5 1,978 (15.62%) Continuous Integration
6 1,793 (14.16%) Test Automation
7 1,591 (12.56%) TDD
8 1,186 (9.36%) Problem-Solving
9 1,173 (9.26%) Mentoring
10 1,072 (8.46%) Configuration Management
11 1,048 (8.27%) Fintech
12 901 (7.11%) Migration
13 859 (6.78%) Continuous Delivery
14 848 (6.70%) Analytics
15 840 (6.63%) BDD
16 817 (6.45%) SDLC
17 799 (6.31%) Deployment Automation
18 760 (6.00%) MVC
19 702 (5.54%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 3,356 (26.50%) Python
2 2,885 (22.78%) C#
3 2,861 (22.59%) JavaScript
4 2,767 (21.85%) SQL
5 2,670 (21.08%) Java
6 1,398 (11.04%) PowerShell
7 1,005 (7.94%) Bash Shell
8 787 (6.21%) Go
9 756 (5.97%) TypeScript
10 710 (5.61%) Ruby
11 515 (4.07%) PHP
12 411 (3.25%) C++
13 375 (2.96%) T-SQL
14 345 (2.72%) Scala
15 263 (2.08%) Kotlin
16 230 (1.82%) C
17 208 (1.64%) Groovy
18 174 (1.37%) Java 8
18 174 (1.37%) Shell Script
19 173 (1.37%) Perl
Qualifications
1 943 (7.45%) Degree
2 897 (7.08%) Security Cleared
3 708 (5.59%) SC Cleared
4 292 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 228 (1.80%) AWS Certification
6 139 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
7 109 (0.86%) ISTQB
8 106 (0.84%) DV Cleared
9 85 (0.67%) ISEB
10 60 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
11 55 (0.43%) CISSP
12 50 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
13 44 (0.35%) RHCE
14 39 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 37 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
16 32 (0.25%) GIAC
17 31 (0.24%) Master's Degree
18 25 (0.20%) SANS
19 21 (0.17%) CCNP
19 21 (0.17%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 738 (5.83%) QA
2 131 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 123 (0.97%) SLA
4 121 (0.96%) GDPR
5 88 (0.69%) Data Quality
6 59 (0.47%) NIST
7 57 (0.45%) PCI DSS
8 38 (0.30%) GRC
9 34 (0.27%) WCAG
10 26 (0.21%) ISO 9001
11 24 (0.19%) PMO
12 19 (0.15%) MiFID
13 18 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
13 18 (0.14%) EMIR
13 18 (0.14%) WAI
14 15 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 14 (0.11%) COBIT
15 14 (0.11%) SOC 2
16 11 (0.087%) HIPAA
17 10 (0.079%) NCSC
System Software
1 4,123 (32.55%) Docker
2 518 (4.09%) Active Directory
3 426 (3.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 144 (1.14%) Hyper-V
5 117 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
6 70 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
7 68 (0.54%) vSphere
8 33 (0.26%) Xen
9 23 (0.18%) HDFS
10 20 (0.16%) Firmware
11 16 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 13 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 13 (0.10%) Postfix
12 13 (0.10%) VMware NSX
13 12 (0.095%) LXC
14 9 (0.071%) KVM
14 9 (0.071%) NFS
15 8 (0.063%) Apache Flume
15 8 (0.063%) BitLocker
16 7 (0.055%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 3,931 (31.04%) Kubernetes
2 3,452 (27.26%) Terraform
3 2,199 (17.36%) Ansible
4 1,274 (10.06%) Puppet
5 1,007 (7.95%) Opscode Chef
6 423 (3.34%) Prometheus
7 360 (2.84%) Grafana
8 167 (1.32%) Packer
9 147 (1.16%) Istio
10 127 (1.00%) Nagios
11 125 (0.99%) SCCM
12 99 (0.78%) ZABBIX
13 94 (0.74%) Consul
14 87 (0.69%) Microsoft Intune
15 84 (0.66%) Graphite
16 83 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
17 81 (0.64%) Salt
18 76 (0.60%) Rancher
19 54 (0.43%) SCOM
20 43 (0.34%) Kibana
Vendors
1 2,093 (16.53%) Microsoft
2 827 (6.53%) Google
3 703 (5.55%) Oracle
4 582 (4.60%) VMware
5 333 (2.63%) Red Hat
6 206 (1.63%) SAP
7 191 (1.51%) Splunk
8 171 (1.35%) Cisco
8 171 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
9 157 (1.24%) Atlassian
10 143 (1.13%) IBM
11 135 (1.07%) Databricks
11 135 (1.07%) SaltStack
12 131 (1.03%) EnterpriseDB
13 109 (0.86%) New Relic
14 88 (0.69%) Nintex
14 88 (0.69%) Sitecore
15 64 (0.51%) Adobe
16 62 (0.49%) ServiceNow
17 57 (0.45%) SolarWinds