Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 12 18
Rank change year-on-year +2 +6 +9
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 18,215 7,276 14,983
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.05% 14.81% 10.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 16.00% 15.89% 11.45%
Number of salaries quoted 12,562 6,009 11,490
10th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - -
75th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £98,750 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,925
% change year-on-year +4.55% +3.92% +0.81%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,815 45,798 130,905
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.02% 93.24% 92.61%
Number of salaries quoted 75,990 37,717 104,073
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 16,249 £65,000 - 2,972
UK excluding London +3 8,955 £57,500 +4.55% 1,784
London -2 7,725 £77,500 +3.33% 1,307
Work from Home -1 4,474 £65,000 +8.33% 592
South East +4 2,667 £60,000 - 346
North of England +3 2,585 £57,500 +4.55% 541
North West +7 1,302 £57,500 +4.55% 300
South West +2 1,230 £51,750 -2.82% 195
Midlands -2 1,161 £57,500 +5.50% 370
Yorkshire +5 1,097 £55,000 +4.76% 172
West Midlands +2 857 £62,500 +13.64% 245
Scotland +2 613 £56,000 +4.67% 110
East of England 0 434 £60,000 +9.09% 179
East Midlands -7 292 £47,500 -5.94% 124
Wales -2 267 £45,000 - 36
North East +6 202 £51,250 +9.04% 69
Northern Ireland -19 43 £75,000 +66.67% 6
Isle of Man - 2 £57,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 9,377 (51.48%) Agile Software Development
2 9,317 (51.15%) Azure
3 7,684 (42.19%) AWS
4 5,576 (30.61%) Docker
5 5,528 (30.35%) Kubernetes
6 5,161 (28.33%) Terraform
7 4,796 (26.33%) Python
8 4,189 (23.00%) Java
9 4,066 (22.32%) Microservices
10 3,846 (21.11%) JavaScript
11 3,757 (20.63%) C#
12 3,689 (20.25%) SQL
13 3,687 (20.24%) Software Engineering
14 3,613 (19.84%) Linux
15 3,578 (19.64%) Finance
16 3,372 (18.51%) Jenkins
17 3,360 (18.45%) Social Skills
18 3,305 (18.14%) .NET
19 3,194 (17.53%) Git (software)
20 3,114 (17.10%) Infrastructure as Code
21 3,018 (16.57%) Microsoft
22 2,886 (15.84%) Scrum
23 2,885 (15.84%) React
24 2,874 (15.78%) Ansible
25 2,592 (14.23%) GCP
26 2,551 (14.00%) Test Automation
27 2,262 (12.42%) Continuous Integration
28 2,204 (12.10%) TDD
29 2,187 (12.01%) Problem-Solving
30 2,041 (11.21%) SQL Server

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 645 (3.54%) Apache Spark
2 576 (3.16%) Confluence
3 524 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
4 504 (2.77%) Apache
5 350 (1.92%) CMS
6 332 (1.82%) SharePoint
7 297 (1.63%) IIS
8 202 (1.11%) GemFire
9 165 (0.91%) nginx
10 157 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
11 153 (0.84%) Umbraco
12 137 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
13 136 (0.75%) Tomcat
14 116 (0.64%) Sitecore CMS
15 92 (0.51%) EPiServer
16 90 (0.49%) WordPress
17 89 (0.49%) OpenStack
18 88 (0.48%) GeoServer
19 73 (0.40%) Kentico
20 65 (0.36%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 139 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
2 108 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 47 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 47 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
4 39 (0.21%) Sketch
5 36 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 35 (0.19%) InVision
7 29 (0.16%) Chatbot
8 25 (0.14%) Figma
9 20 (0.11%) Campfire
10 14 (0.077%) Spreadsheet
11 10 (0.055%) Photoshop
12 9 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
13 7 (0.038%) Fireworks
14 5 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 4 (0.022%) Simulink
15 4 (0.022%) Zeplin
16 3 (0.016%) EngageOne
16 3 (0.016%) Mingle
16 3 (0.016%) Revit
Business Applications
1 140 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 64 (0.35%) Sentinel
3 60 (0.33%) Magento
4 45 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
5 38 (0.21%) NetSuite
6 35 (0.19%) Shopify
7 30 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 27 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
9 17 (0.093%) R3 Corda
10 15 (0.082%) Oracle Applications
11 14 (0.077%) Summit
12 11 (0.060%) Sage 200
13 9 (0.049%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 8 (0.044%) Dynamics GP
14 8 (0.044%) Remedy ITSM
15 7 (0.038%) SAP S/4HANA
16 6 (0.033%) Oracle EBS
17 4 (0.022%) Oracle ERP
17 4 (0.022%) Oracle Financials
17 4 (0.022%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 9,317 (51.15%) Azure
2 7,684 (42.19%) AWS
3 2,592 (14.23%) GCP
4 2,007 (11.02%) Serverless
5 1,609 (8.83%) SaaS
6 1,302 (7.15%) GitHub
7 1,297 (7.12%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1,243 (6.82%) PaaS
9 952 (5.23%) IaaS
10 856 (4.70%) AWS Lambda
11 703 (3.86%) Power Platform
12 569 (3.12%) OpenShift
13 505 (2.77%) Amazon ECS
14 491 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
15 472 (2.59%) Microsoft 365
16 468 (2.57%) Amazon S3
17 428 (2.35%) Azure Active Directory
18 408 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
19 391 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
20 311 (1.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 600 (3.29%) Firewall
2 337 (1.85%) DNS
3 323 (1.77%) HTTP
4 251 (1.38%) TCP/IP
5 250 (1.37%) VPN
6 232 (1.27%) Network Security
7 195 (1.07%) Internet
8 108 (0.59%) WAN
9 105 (0.58%) SSL
10 89 (0.49%) LAN
11 85 (0.47%) DHCP
12 75 (0.41%) Broadband
13 69 (0.38%) VLAN
14 67 (0.37%) IPv4
15 64 (0.35%) Modbus
16 53 (0.29%) RS-422
17 52 (0.29%) SAN
18 46 (0.25%) OSPF
19 35 (0.19%) SMTP
20 33 (0.18%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,041 (11.21%) SQL Server
2 1,472 (8.08%) PostgreSQL
3 1,349 (7.41%) NoSQL
4 964 (5.29%) MySQL
5 940 (5.16%) MongoDB
6 919 (5.05%) Relational Database
7 916 (5.03%) Big Data
8 670 (3.68%) Redis
9 562 (3.09%) Power BI
10 553 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
11 446 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 400 (2.20%) Azure SQL Database
13 395 (2.17%) Hadoop
14 369 (2.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 358 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
15 358 (1.97%) Data Lake
16 354 (1.94%) MariaDB
17 262 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 253 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
19 249 (1.37%) HBase
Development Applications
1 3,372 (18.51%) Jenkins
2 3,194 (17.53%) Git (software)
3 1,449 (7.95%) JIRA
4 787 (4.32%) GitLab
5 713 (3.91%) Selenium
6 621 (3.41%) TeamCity
7 555 (3.05%) Octopus Deploy
8 529 (2.90%) Cypress.io
9 526 (2.89%) Cucumber
10 458 (2.51%) Visual Studio
11 457 (2.51%) JUnit
12 416 (2.28%) Team Foundation Server
13 383 (2.10%) Maven
14 360 (1.98%) Sonatype Nexus
15 353 (1.94%) Gradle
16 348 (1.91%) Bitbucket
17 337 (1.85%) SonarQube
18 331 (1.82%) Artifactory
19 323 (1.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 281 (1.54%) Protractor
General
1 3,578 (19.64%) Finance
2 3,360 (18.45%) Social Skills
3 1,076 (5.91%) Banking
4 968 (5.31%) Analytical Skills
5 678 (3.72%) Retail
6 636 (3.49%) Public Sector
7 572 (3.14%) Law
8 548 (3.01%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 509 (2.79%) Marketing
10 382 (2.10%) Presentation Skills
11 380 (2.09%) Games
12 268 (1.47%) Manufacturing
13 261 (1.43%) Legal
14 252 (1.38%) Advertising
15 238 (1.31%) Telecoms
16 214 (1.17%) Influencing Skills
17 180 (0.99%) Electronics
18 169 (0.93%) Organisational Skills
19 134 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
20 131 (0.72%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,444 (24.40%) Developer
2 3,996 (21.94%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,734 (9.52%) Software Engineer
4 1,367 (7.50%) Architect
5 1,016 (5.58%) AWS Engineer
6 1,014 (5.57%) Senior Developer
7 948 (5.20%) Azure Engineer
8 910 (5.00%) .NET Developer
9 908 (4.98%) Cloud Engineer
10 887 (4.87%) Senior DevOps
11 865 (4.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 826 (4.53%) AWS DevOps
13 760 (4.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 690 (3.79%) Java Developer
15 632 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
16 575 (3.16%) Software Developer
17 569 (3.12%) C# Developer
18 560 (3.07%) Platform Engineer
19 522 (2.87%) Senior Software Engineer
20 506 (2.78%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,305 (18.14%) .NET
2 2,885 (15.84%) React
3 1,983 (10.89%) Node.js
4 1,788 (9.82%) AngularJS
5 1,654 (9.08%) CSS
6 1,426 (7.83%) Spring
7 1,338 (7.35%) .NET Core
8 1,333 (7.32%) HTML
9 1,282 (7.04%) Web Services
10 1,251 (6.87%) Kafka
11 1,226 (6.73%) REST
12 1,206 (6.62%) RESTful
13 896 (4.92%) .NET Framework
14 852 (4.68%) Spring Boot
15 801 (4.40%) ASP.NET
16 738 (4.05%) JSON
17 646 (3.55%) Vue.js
18 633 (3.48%) RabbitMQ
19 558 (3.06%) HTML5
20 528 (2.90%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,062 (5.83%) Cloud Native
2 1,053 (5.78%) User Experience
3 1,025 (5.63%) Greenfield Project
4 838 (4.60%) Public Cloud
5 532 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
6 510 (2.80%) Mobile App
7 417 (2.29%) Linux Command Line
8 396 (2.17%) Virtual Team
9 373 (2.05%) Data Centre
10 310 (1.70%) Algorithms
11 296 (1.63%) Hybrid Cloud
12 281 (1.54%) Management Information System
13 206 (1.13%) Data Structures
14 200 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
15 189 (1.04%) Private Cloud
16 185 (1.02%) Legacy Systems
17 165 (0.91%) Data Protection Act
18 158 (0.87%) Hedge funds
19 141 (0.77%) NHS
20 136 (0.75%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 3,613 (19.84%) Linux
2 1,745 (9.58%) Windows
3 732 (4.02%) Unix
4 472 (2.59%) Windows Server
5 321 (1.76%) Android
6 285 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 256 (1.41%) Apple iOS
8 247 (1.36%) CentOS
9 234 (1.28%) Ubuntu
10 92 (0.51%) VMS
11 90 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
12 78 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
12 78 (0.43%) Windows Server 2019
13 71 (0.39%) Debian
14 60 (0.33%) Windows 10
15 54 (0.30%) Mac OS
16 45 (0.25%) Mesosphere
17 33 (0.18%) SUSE
18 17 (0.093%) Mac OS X
19 16 (0.088%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,377 (51.48%) Agile Software Development
2 4,066 (22.32%) Microservices
3 3,687 (20.24%) Software Engineering
4 3,114 (17.10%) Infrastructure as Code
5 2,886 (15.84%) Scrum
6 2,551 (14.00%) Test Automation
7 2,262 (12.42%) Continuous Integration
8 2,204 (12.10%) TDD
9 2,187 (12.01%) Problem-Solving
10 2,002 (10.99%) Full Stack Development
11 1,942 (10.66%) Mentoring
12 1,604 (8.81%) Analytics
13 1,306 (7.17%) SDLC
14 1,304 (7.16%) Computer Science
15 1,292 (7.09%) Configuration Management
16 1,247 (6.85%) Migration
17 1,222 (6.71%) BDD
18 1,182 (6.49%) Open Source
19 1,174 (6.45%) Site Reliability Engineering
20 1,119 (6.14%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 4,796 (26.33%) Python
2 4,189 (23.00%) Java
3 3,846 (21.11%) JavaScript
4 3,757 (20.63%) C#
5 3,689 (20.25%) SQL
6 1,916 (10.52%) PowerShell
7 1,597 (8.77%) Bash Shell
8 1,322 (7.26%) TypeScript
9 1,253 (6.88%) Go
10 884 (4.85%) Ruby
11 814 (4.47%) PHP
12 643 (3.53%) Scala
13 561 (3.08%) C++
14 480 (2.64%) Shell Script
15 449 (2.47%) Groovy
16 407 (2.23%) Kotlin
17 391 (2.15%) T-SQL
18 387 (2.12%) C
19 283 (1.55%) Java 8
20 260 (1.43%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,739 (9.55%) Degree
2 1,160 (6.37%) Security Cleared
3 839 (4.61%) SC Cleared
4 486 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 279 (1.53%) AWS Certification
6 210 (1.15%) Oracle Certification
7 207 (1.14%) OCP
8 188 (1.03%) Microsoft Certification
9 128 (0.70%) ISTQB
10 127 (0.70%) Master's Degree
11 113 (0.62%) ISEB
12 93 (0.51%) DV Cleared
13 84 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
14 64 (0.35%) CISSP
15 56 (0.31%) RHCE
16 50 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 45 (0.25%) SANS
18 34 (0.19%) HND
19 30 (0.16%) PhD
19 30 (0.16%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,280 (7.03%) QA
2 286 (1.57%) GDPR
3 257 (1.41%) Accessibility
4 222 (1.22%) SLA
5 177 (0.97%) Data Quality
6 136 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 84 (0.46%) PCI DSS
8 66 (0.36%) PMO
9 63 (0.35%) WCAG
10 54 (0.30%) NIST
11 51 (0.28%) GRC
12 22 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
13 20 (0.11%) IASME
14 19 (0.10%) GxP
15 14 (0.077%) ISO 9001
16 12 (0.066%) COBIT
16 12 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 12 (0.066%) SOC 2
17 11 (0.060%) Sarbanes-Oxley
18 9 (0.049%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 5,576 (30.61%) Docker
2 659 (3.62%) Active Directory
3 565 (3.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 207 (1.14%) HDFS
5 204 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
6 97 (0.53%) vSphere
7 67 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
8 64 (0.35%) Hyper-V
9 41 (0.23%) Firmware
10 38 (0.21%) KVM
11 36 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 30 (0.16%) VMware NSX
13 22 (0.12%) Varnish
14 21 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
15 20 (0.11%) LXC
16 18 (0.099%) XenDesktop
17 16 (0.088%) Apache Flume
17 16 (0.088%) Virtual Desktop
18 15 (0.082%) XenApp
19 14 (0.077%) NFS
Systems Management
1 5,528 (30.35%) Kubernetes
2 5,161 (28.33%) Terraform
3 2,874 (15.78%) Ansible
4 1,513 (8.31%) Puppet
5 1,193 (6.55%) Opscode Chef
6 591 (3.24%) Grafana
7 563 (3.09%) Prometheus
8 210 (1.15%) Packer
9 141 (0.77%) Kibana
10 139 (0.76%) SCCM
11 128 (0.70%) Istio
12 127 (0.70%) Consul
13 112 (0.61%) Nagios
14 103 (0.57%) Rancher
15 92 (0.51%) logstash
16 91 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
17 86 (0.47%) ZABBIX
18 85 (0.47%) Salt
19 78 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
20 73 (0.40%) Graphite
Vendors
1 3,018 (16.57%) Microsoft
2 1,219 (6.69%) Google
3 910 (5.00%) Oracle
4 815 (4.47%) VMware
5 383 (2.10%) Red Hat
6 317 (1.74%) Splunk
7 259 (1.42%) Databricks
8 239 (1.31%) Okta
9 233 (1.28%) SAP
10 197 (1.08%) New Relic
11 195 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
12 174 (0.96%) SaltStack
13 162 (0.89%) Cisco
14 159 (0.87%) IBM
15 152 (0.83%) Sitecore
16 151 (0.83%) Atlassian
17 146 (0.80%) ServiceNow
18 108 (0.59%) Citrix
19 106 (0.58%) Instagram
20 94 (0.52%) EnterpriseDB